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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

BOILDDlG Ol'ILI'rDS PaR 7 GeV ADVABCED PlO1'OII SOURCE BASED...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photon Source Based on Maxi.a. Coaponent Design of 1.1 GaV. The building utilities, electrical power and cooling water requirements, were estimated for the 7 GeV Advanced...

2

First principles study of Li diffusion in I-Li_{2}NiO_{2} structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First principles computations have been used to study Li mobility in the orthorhombic Li2NiO2 structure with the Immm space group (I-Li2NiO2). Understanding Li mobility in I-Li2NiO2 structure other than the conventional ...

Ceder, Gerbrand

3

Argus Primar Software License  

and expenses arise or are alleged to arise, directly or indirectly, from the participation, whether active or passive, or negligence, whether ordinary or gross, ...

4

XL-A A.&lx A!i' X!Ii?Z IL';;i'  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- :I 9 .a # ** ,. . . m . . pJ;-,L' ,' i:-t.T .)r' yjs JzZ~ J~~;L,;.~;r 1:). 2 . m I;S~X:T ?I?. ::.:-25-::%-I.:.Glu~ XL-A A.&lx A!i' X!Ii?Z IL';;i' , X2,-d c i.XZEA?, th At3Ac Z:r.zr.~ f4z22s343n >q3 pquask$ tL,..- psg zd of &,-cc b&ldjmms: >UAeT; :,:,. &&;j L' *r: ! 3 ..m 3CCU"pxy &jJdbc ' Au ..3* 6u, I;..:; ' 2. CL&51, 1;; *-- l - l &j-2+; z5 a?, ft . IALP !13. f&%-i;& 2$&J 3;. ft.1 sq, ft.; &ii+ m* i.3. $+, hZE2X, it >a tmn dds=ir.ti mailzblc for t.ha us rcq:~sted. eat 3' tid tulla.Eg axi 2zd3 are . - \ .'iizx, E ri~h~ysl.-eT;try m3 frrnt-cd to tB3 Atod~ Crmycp Caziszlon ta use xxi occ-2;~7 tahze3 'fi--- 34 acma of la& "d&&e+ &-J-.*3 lisp, G;i &;>?ma'$Q

5

Lehramt Primar-und Sekundarstufe I Fach Leistungsliste Wartezeitliste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemie 1,6 Rang 21 07 Rang 2 Deutsch 1,5 Rang 44 10 Rang 5 Englisch 1,3 Rang 26 10 Rang 3 Ev. Religion 2,0 Rang 257 10 Rang 29 Arbeitslehre 1,5 Rang 1 10 Rang 1 Biologie 2,1 Rang 95 10 Rang 11 Chemie 2,5 Rang 15 10 Rang 1 Deutsch 1,8 Rang 70 10 Rang 8 Englisch 1,7 Rang 32 10 Rang 4 Ev. Religion 2,4 Rang 57 10

Hamburg,.Universität

6

Quantum Structure of Field Theory and Standard Model Based on Infinity-free Loop Regularization/Renormalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To understand better the quantum structure of field theory and standard model in particle physics, it is necessary to investigate carefully the divergence structure in quantum field theories (QFTs) and work out a consistent framework to avoid infinities. The divergence has got us into trouble since developing quantum electrodynamics in 1930s, its treatment via the renormalization scheme is satisfied not by all physicists, like Dirac and Feynman who have made serious criticisms. The renormalization group analysis reveals that QFTs can in general be defined fundamentally with the meaningful energy scale that has some physical significance, which motivates us to develop a new symmetry-preserving and infinity-free regularization scheme called loop regularization (LORE). A simple regularization prescription in LORE is realized based on a manifest postulation that a loop divergence with a power counting dimension larger than and equal to the space-time dimension must vanish. The LORE method is achieved without modifying original theory and leads the divergent Feynman loop integrals well-defined to maintain the divergence structure and meanwhile preserve basic symmetries of original theory. The crucial point in LORE is the presence of two intrinsic energy scales which play the roles of ultraviolet cut-off $M_c$ and infrared cut-off $\\mu_s$ to avoid infinities. The key concept in LORE is the introduction of irreducible loop integrals (ILIs) on which the regularization prescription acts, which leads to a set of gauge invariance consistency conditions between the regularized tensor-type and scalar-type ILIs. The evaluation of ILIs with ultraviolet-divergence-preserving (UVDP) parametrization naturally leads to Bjorken-Drell's analogy between Feynman diagrams and electric circuits. The LORE method has been shown to be applicable to both underlying and effective QFTs.

Yue-Liang Wu

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

7

The use of ionic liquid ion sources (ILIS) in FIB applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new monoenergetic, high-brightness ion source can be constructed using an arrangement similar to liquid metal ion sources (LMIS) by substituting the liquid metal with an ionic liquid, or room temperature molten salt. Ion ...

Zorzos, Anthony Nicholas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Ionic liquid ion sources as a unique and versatile option in FIB applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work discusses the potential applicability of point sources to focused ion beam (FIB) technology based on molten salts at room temperature, known as ionic liquid ion sources (ILIS). The beam shape and divergence angles for ILIS using the ionic liquid ... Keywords: Focused ion beam, High brightness, Ion etching, Ion source, Ionic liquid, Reactive ion

Carla Perez-Martinez; Stéphane Guilet; Jacques Gierak; Paulo Lozano

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Efficient implementation of inter-regional transactions Yong T. Yoon Ken K. Collison Marija D. Ili6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and planning of the interconnected electric power network while ensuring reliability. Keywords-- open access and the transformer as described in [13]. We first describe the advantages and disadvantages of having the sharing of 10S and the cost savings in gen- eration. Consider the 5-bus electric power network as shown

Ilic, Marija D.

10

EPICS BASE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002230MLTPL00 Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System BASE  http://www.aps.anl.gov/epics 

11

Discovering Potential Precursors of Mammography Abnormalities based on Textual Features, Frequencies, and Sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnosingbreastcancerfrommammographyreportsisheav- ily dependant on the time sequences of the patient visits. In the work described, we take a longitudinal view of the text of a patient s mam- mogram reports to explore the existence of certain phrase patterns that indicate future abnormalities may exist for the patient. Our approach uses various text analysis techniques combined with Haar wavelets for the discovery and analysis of such precursor phrase patterns. We believe the results show significant promise for the early detection of breast can- cer and other breast abnormalities.

Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Base Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Principal effects of superalloy base elements on alloy characteristics...to γ� or γ� Requires fcc stabilizer Cobalt prices have been known to be volatile in the past. Suitable for creep-resistant applications with low stresses or

13

The new citizens : a study of the architectural identity of public philanthropic institutions built by two Isma'ili communities in contemporary Bombay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Just across the railway lines at Charni road, forming a backdrop to the Marine Drive, stands the Saifee Hospital in all its splendor. Across the city in the neighborhood of Mazgaon, nestled behind the St. Mary's school ...

Basrai, Zameer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Base isolation case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective of this thesis is the introduction of the current code, ASCE 7-05 into the base isolation design and the analysis of base isolation response due to seismic forces. An eight story irregular structure ...

Ching, Kenneth A. (Kenneth Apostol)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Electron Based Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Characterization of Materials through High Resolution Coherent Imaging: Electron Based Techniques Sponsored by: TMS Structural Materials ...

16

Lattice-based Cryptography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this chapter we describe some of the recent progress in lattice-based cryptography. Lattice-based cryptographic constructions hold a great promise for post-quantum cryptography, as they enjoy very strong security proofs based on worst-case hardness, relatively efficient implementations, as well as great simplicity. In addition, lattice-based cryptography is believed to be secure against quantum computers. Our focus here

Daniele Micciancio; Oded Regev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Role Based Access Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nash and Poland [10] discuss the application of role based access control to cryptographic authentication devices commonly used in the banking ...

18

Web based portfolio optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The portfolio optimization is implemented as e-service through Internet. Four-tier client-server model of WAN-based information system is designed satisfying the intersection of several domains: financial investments, optimization theory and information ... Keywords: portfolio optimization, system algorithmic architecture of information systems, web based information system

Todor Stoilov; Krasimira Stoilova

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

MARKET BASED APPROACHES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BASED BASED APPROACHES K.G. DULEEP MANAGING DIRECTOR EEA BACKGROUND * Introduction of fuel-cell vehicles and jump- starting the market will require significant government actions in the near term * Widespread understanding that command- and-control regulations can work for only very low sales volume. * Increased public sales and acceptance will need development of market based policies. ANALYSIS OBJECTIVES * EEA currently evaluating a number of market based approaches to enhancing fuel economy of conventional and hybrid vehicles. * Primary objective of effort is to evaluate a range of market based approaches that can be implemented when FCV models are market ready, and identify ones that could make a difference. * Effort is in the context of modifying existing approaches to special needs of FCVs

20

Location-based communication services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our demo shows end-user-oriented location-based services based on application-layer, human understandable location descriptions. Keywords: internet telephony, location-based services

Xiaotao Wu; Ron Shacham; Matthew J. Mintz-Habib; Kundan Singh; Henning Schulzrinne

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Hydrogen Based Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Based Bacteria Hydrogen Based Bacteria Name: Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: i was in my Biology class and a very respectable someone mentioned something about the discovery of a hydrogen based bacteria. my teacher wasnt aware of this study, and assigned me to find out about it. so i thought i would Email you and see if you people knew anything about it. Awaiting your repsonse Replies: I'm not quite sure what you mean by hydrogen based bacteria but I will take a stab that you mean bacteria that use hydrogen for energy. Some bacteria are chemolithotrophs which mean that they are autrophs but don't use the sun as their energy source; they get their energy from chemical sources. There are bacteria that use hydrogen as their energy source. They are diverse as a group and are all facultative. The overall chemical reaction looks like this:

22

Performance-based Contracting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-based Contracting Performance-based Contracting [Reference: FAR 37.6; DEAR 970.1001] Overview This section provides guidance and instruction for the development and administration of Performance-Based Contracting concepts for the Department's management and operating contracts, and other major operating contracts, as appropriate. Background In 1997, the Department published a final rule (62 FR 34842) which implemented a number of recommendations principally in areas relating to the acquisition processes of its management and operating contracts. One of these recommendations involved the adoption of performance-based contracting concepts. Since the beginning of its contract reform initiatives, the Department has tested a number of approaches to conform its use of fee to such concepts. A core consideration in the application of

23

Uranium-Based Catalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uranium-Based Catalysts S. H. Overbury, Cyrus Riahi-Nezhad, Zongtao Zhang, Sheng Dai, and Jonathan Haire Oak Ridge National Laboratory* P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, Tennessee...

24

Vision based robot navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we propose a vision-based robot navigation system that constructs a high level topological representation of the world. A robot using this system learns to recognize rooms and spaces by building a hidden ...

Roth, Daniel R. (Daniel Risner), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Attenuation Based Remedies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The mission of the Attenuation Based Remedies in the Subsurface Applied Field Research Initiative is to seek holistic solutions to DOE’s groundwater contamination problems that consider not only...

26

Bio-Based Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Almost all of the products we currently make from fossil fuels can also be made from biomass. These bioproducts, or bio-based products, are not only made from renewable sources, but they also often...

27

Evidence-based medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whether for the generation or application of evidence to guide healthcare decisions, the success of evidence-based medicine is grounded in principles common to engineering. In the Learning Healthcare System envisioned by the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) ...

J. Michael Mcginnis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

tj1illli1'ifl-!i.tJi[!'ili[[l}ii.~ f8"I~~.Q"![i-a.a-E=1E'ls.5-111i~~  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.;~~~~~~,.,,''.r',',,", fz1~Q,~Er~~0,":-,,~~~:,,,,' >.Q,~~fI'-~..;;,,I"'~o~~-I~,,'.t":('-"", -..Q,>-0','~ 0

Sereno, Martin

29

Beam-Based Alignment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One: One: Single-Bunch Comparative Study of Three Algorithms Peter Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0013 17-February-1999 Abstract We describe the results of a series of simulation studies of beam-based alignment of the NLC main linacs using the program LIAR. Three algorithms for alignment of quadrupoles and girders are consid- ered: the algorithm used in the ZDR, the ZDR algorithm combined with a post-alignment MICADO operation, and an algorithm which requires no steering dipoles but requires twice as many alignment segments per linac as the ZDR algorithm. The third algorithm appears to be the most robust, based on convergence time, required quad mover step sizes, and variation in extracted beam emittance as a function of BNS profile. We also study the effect of structure BPM resolution and ATL misalignments during the alignment process. 1 Introduction Beam-based alignment and steering of the

30

Cobalt-Base Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Nominal compositions of various cobalt-base alloys...Si Mn Others Cobalt-base wear-resistant alloys Stellite 1 bal 31 12.5 1 (max) 2.4 3 (max) 3 (max) 2 (max) 1 (max) � Stellite 6 bal 28 4.5 1 (max) 1.2 3 (max) 3 (max) 2 (max) 1 (max) � Stellite 12 bal 30 8.3 1 (max) 1.4 3 (max) 3 (max) 2 (max) 1 (max) � Stellite 21 bal 28 � 5.5 0.25 2 (max) 2.5 2 (max) 1...

31

Point-Based Graphics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polygon-mesh approach to 3D modeling was a huge advance, but today its limitations are clear. Longer render times for increasingly complex images effectively cap image complexity, or else stretch budgets and schedules to the breaking point. Point-based ... Keywords: Computer Graphics, Computers

Markus Gross; Hanspeter Pfister

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Practical image based lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we present a user-friendly and practical method for seamless integration of computer-generated images (CG) with real photographs and video. In general such seamless integration is extremely hard and requires recovery of real world information to simulate the same environment for both CG and real objects. This real world information includes camera positions and parameters, and shapes, material properties, and motion of real objects. Among these one of the most important real world information is lighting. Image based lighting that is developed to recover illumination information of the real world from photographs has recently been popular in computer graphics. In this thesis we present a practical image based lighting method. Our method is based on a simple and easily constructible device: a square plate with a cylindrical stick. We have developed a user-guided system to approximately recover illumination information (i.e. orientations, colors, and intensities of light sources) from a photograph of this device. Our approach also helps to recover surface colors of real objects based on reconstructed lighting information. In addition, we will address our observation on shadows with multi-color lights in a compositing aspect and will present a solution to handle the addressed issue.

Lee, Jaemin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

SUPERCONDUCTING VANADIUM BASE ALLOY  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new vanadium-base alloy which possesses remarkable superconducting properties is presented. The alloy consists of approximately one atomic percent of palladium, the balance being vanadium. The alloy is stated to be useful in a cryotron in digital computer circuits.

Cleary, H.J.

1958-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

34

Grid-based Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid-based Production Grid-based Production Grid-based Production PDSF is a Tier 2 site for ALICE and as such has the infrastructure in place to run automated grid-based ALICE production jobs. The main components of this infrastructure are listed below. Grid-Enabled Storage Elements There are currently a set of 10 servers running XRootD with a total capacity of 720TB. Included in XRootD are the data transfer tools used to transfer the input and output files for the production jobs running at PDSF. In addition to the 10 servers there is also the XRootD redirector which is currently running on pc1801.nersc.gov (pdsf5.nersc.gov). VO Box A VO (Virtual Organization) box is a dedicated node (palicevo1.nersc.gov) that coordinates the production. It runs the grid-monitoring tool MonALISA, the AliEn grid framework software, a Condor-G client and does job

35

Zirconia Based Ceramic Honeycombs for Solar-Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Zirconia Based Ceramic Honeycombs for Solar-Based Thermochemical Generation of Renewable Fuels. Author(s), Luke S. Walker, James E.

36

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.0 Knowledge Base 6.0 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:09/11/13 11:42 AM INSTALLATION Installation Problems Report Feature Does Not Work License Agreement Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password PROGRAM CHANGES Results PROGRAM FEATURES WINDOW 6.3 Window Libraries SI and IP Units Multi-Calc TIPS User Defined Windows RELEASE NOTES WEATHER DATA Cannot Find Weather File, Simulation Cancelled Converting Energy Plus EPW files to RESFEN Weather Files Weather Data Files United States Location Statistics Canada China Chile Japan ENERGY CALCULATIONS Whole House Total Energy Calculations COST CALCULATIONS How to Convert $/cubic foot to $/therm for Natural Gas HVAC MODELING How to Model Electric Resistance Heating KNOWN BUGS Below is a list of RESFEN modeling issues that have been discovered by

37

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.0 Knowledge Base 5.0 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:09/11/13 11:41 AM INSTALLATION Installation Problems Hour Glass Cursor Does Not Go Away Weather File Installation Options Report Feature Does Not Work License Agreement Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password NEW FEATURES IN 5.0 Results WINDOW 5.2 Window Libraries WINDOW 5.2 DOE2 DAT files Database format is Different from Previous RESFEN Beta 1 and 2 SI and IP Units "All Windows the Same" Feature Changing Costs Doesn’t Cause Resimulation Multi-Calc Feature Window Library U-factor and SHGC Results (Algorithm Changes between WINDOW 4.1 and 5.0) WEATHER DATA Cannot Find Weather File, Simulation Cancelled Converting Energy Plus EPW files to RESFEN Weather Files

38

BASE - Rad Effects - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects Effects About the BASE Facility The BASE Facility operates in conjunction with the 88-inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide beams of protons and heavy ions for radiation effects testing. When running, the facility is manned 24-hours a day with additional support on call. Assistance is available for shipping and receiving. Contact us for current hourly rates. Bragg curve plots, published papers, and other useful information are available here on our website. For information on the experiment approval process, beam time scheduling, or technical details on beamline setup and operation, contact Mike Johnson at (510) 486-4389 or MBJohnson@lbl.gov. More information is available here: Protons (Cave 4A) Heavy Ions (Cave 4B) Neutrons (Cave 0)

39

Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Title Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-52870 Year of Publication 2003 Authors...

40

Incentive-based Cyber Trust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to download Symantec Internet Threat Meter, based on ... computing capacity is based on virtual servers the ... 6, 2005, http://infosecon.net/workshop/pdf ...

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

GIS-Based Infrastructure Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GIS-Based Infrastructure Modeling Hydrogen Scenario Meeting August 9-10, 2006 Keith Parks, NREL GIS-Based Infrastructure Modeling * Station Analysis - Selection Criteria - Los...

42

Retrievable exploration guide base/completion guide base system  

SciTech Connect

A system is described for converting a subsea exploratory well into a production well. The well includes a temporary guide base located subsea with guide lines extending to the water surface and a central opening through which drilling operations are conducted. A method of converting a subsea exploratory well into a production well is described comprising the steps of: locating a temporary guide base on a subsea mud line, providing a permanent guide base in two parts latched together, providing a wellhead housing with an external latching profile and assembling the two parts of the permanent guide base and the wellhead housing together and lowering the assembly onto the temporary guide base, releasing part of the permanent guide base leaving the second part of the permanent guide base and the wellhead housing subsea, providing a completion guide base with equipment for producing from the well and lowering the completion guide base on to the temporary guide base.

Hed, J.E.; Draper, R.B.

1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

43

TUNGSTEN BASE ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-density quaternary tungsten-base alloy having high mechanical strength and good machinability composed of about 2 wt.% Ni, 3 wt.% Cu, 5 wt.% Pb, and 90wt.% W is described. This alloy can be formed by the powder metallurgy technique of hot pressing in a graphite die without causing a reaction between charge and the die and without formation of a carbide case on the final compact, thereby enabling re-use of the graphite die. The alloy is formable at hot- pressing temperatures of from about 1200 to about 1350 deg C. In addition, there is little component shrinkage, thereby eliminating the necessity of subsequent extensive surface machining.

Schell, D.H.; Sheinberg, H.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Science-Based Strategy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, Third Quarter, 2012 7, Third Quarter, 2012 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 Science-Based Strategy A Column from the Director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory 3 DOE Supports Energy Education Helps Crow Tribe Promote Energy Independence 5 Educational Research Projects Selected 13 Projects on Coal Research Selected at Universities Across the Nation 6 SPR Well Under Construction The U.S. Oil Reserves Develops First New Well in 27 Years 8 Safe Drilling Demonstrated DOE-Supported Project Produces Innovative Technology to Improve Oil Recovery The U.S. Department of Energy joined with partners from Canada and Mexico to release the first-ever atlas mapping the potential carbon dioxide storage capacity in North America.

45

Based Technology for CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of a Novel Gas Pressurized Stripping (GPS)- Development of a Novel Gas Pressurized Stripping (GPS)- Based Technology for CO 2 Capture from Post-Combustion Flue Gases DE-FE0007567 Carbon Capture Scientific, LLC. CONSOL Energy Inc. Nexant Inc. Western Kentucky University HiGee USA Inc. Presented by Shiaoguo (Scott) Chen DOE Carbon Capture Technology Meeting, July 8-11, 2013, Pittsburgh, PA 2 Acknowledgements Funded by U.S. Department of Energy/ National Energy Technology Laboratory under Agreement No. DE-FE0007657 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

46

Base isolation: Fresh insight  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the research is a further development of the engineering concept of seismic isolation. Neglecting the transient stage of seismic loading results in a widespread misjudgement: The force of resistance associated with velocity is mostly conceived as a source of damping vibrations, though it is an active force at the same time, during an earthquake type excitation. For very pliant systems such as base isolated structures with relatively low bearing stiffness and with artificially added heavy damping mechanism, the so called `damping`` force may occur even the main pushing force at an earthquake. Thus, one of the two basic pillars of the common seismic isolation philosophy, namely, the doctrine of usefulness and necessity of a strong damping mechanism, is turning out to be a self-deception, sometimes even jeopardizing the safety of structures and discrediting the very idea of seismic isolation. There is a way out: breaking with damping dependancy.

Shustov, V.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Social impact theory based optimizer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a novel stochastic and population-based binary optimization method inspired by social psychology. It is called Social Impact Theory based Optimization (SITO). The method has been developed with the use of some simple modifications ...

Martin Macaš; Lenka Lhotská

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Pre-physical data base design heuristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: data base, data base design, data base management, data model, denormalization, design improvement, design refinement, physical design, system design

Narciso Cerpa

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

PHYSIOLOGICALLY BASED MODELING OF HALON ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... fibrillation, never regained consciousness and died ... 5 min) human inhalation exposures to ... chemicals predicted in humans by physiologically based ...

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Optimal refinement of rule bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a formal analysis of the rule refinement selection problem. There is no satisfactory methodical standard for the optimal refinement of rule bases. Current refinement systems select the best overall rule base refinements out of a ... Keywords: Rule base validation, complex gain calculation, conflicting and alternative rule refinements, evaluation of safety-critical knowledge bases, optimal refinement selection, rule refinement classes, subsumption and synergy

Hans-Werner Kelbassa

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF. Due to this fact, BAF started a corporation wide energy reduction program in 1999. The program was one full time project engineer focused only on energy reduction projects. This approach, called project based energy conservation, worked well for about 3 years. Total savings from energy reduction projects were equivalent to over 10% of the corporate profit. At that point entropy started to take over and the initial successes were reversing themselves. BAF then re-energized its energy initiative by setting a 5% per year energy reduction goal. The project based program could not achieve this goal. Therefore, the focus switched from project based to a management based energy conservation program.

Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 "The header lists the general field of experience, Commercial Nuclear Power or Navy Nuclear Power Program, with all other categories under these two areas. The subheader lists the position title of the military or job category within that industry. The next level lists the qualification standard subject with the competencies associated with it listed below. To locate the equivalencies that you may claim, locate the position title of your prior military or job category, then find the qualification standards and listed competencies that apply to your current position. The competencies listed below the qualification standards are those you

53

Computer-based and web-based radiation safety training  

SciTech Connect

The traditional approach to delivering radiation safety training has been to provide a stand-up lecture of the topic, with the possible aid of video, and to repeat the same material periodically. New approaches to meeting training requirements are needed to address the advent of flexible work hours and telecommuting, and to better accommodate individuals learning at their own pace. Computer- based and web-based radiation safety training can provide this alternative. Computer-based and web- based training is an interactive form of learning that the student controls, resulting in enhanced and focused learning at a time most often chosen by the student.

Owen, C., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

dBASE IV basics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a user`s manual for dBASE IV. dBASE IV is a popular software application that can be used on your personal computer to help organize and maintain your database files. It is actually a set of tools with which you can create, organize, select and manipulate data in a simple yet effective manner. dBASE IV offers three methods of working with the product: (1) control center: (2) command line; and (3) programming.

O`Connor, P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Principles of models based engineering  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a Models Based Engineering (MBE) philosophy and implementation strategy that has been developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Center for Advanced Engineering Technology. A major theme in this discussion is that models based engineering is an information management technology enabling the development of information driven engineering. Unlike other information management technologies, models based engineering encompasses the breadth of engineering information, from design intent through product definition to consumer application.

Dolin, R.M.; Hefele, J.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Irrigation data base for Arizona  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Determining the locations in the U.S. where solar energy might be used for irrigation was proposed. One of the first steps in determining these locations is to establish a data base for the agricultural states that extensively use irrigation. The data base must include information on the crops grown, the irrigation wells, and the irrigation pumps. The results of an effort to establish such a data base for the state of Arizona are presented.

Hall, I.J.; Vandevender, S.G.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

DNA-based asymmetric catalysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of the research described in this thesis was to develop the general concept and methodology of DNA-based asymmetric catalysis, with the aim of… (more)

Boersma, Arnold Jacob

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Carbon nanotube based electromechanical probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromechanical probing applications continuously require smaller pitches, faster manufacturing and lower electrical resistance. Conventional techniques, such as MEMS based cantilever probes have their shortcomings in ...

Yaglioglu, Onnik, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Accumulator Based Test Set Embedding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this paper a test set embedding based on accumulator driven by an odd additive constant is presented. The problem is formulated around finding the… (more)

Sudireddy, Samara Simha Reddy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Plasma-based accelerator structures  

SciTech Connect

Plasma-based accelerators have the ability to sustain extremely large accelerating gradients, with possible high-energy physics applications. This dissertation further develops the theory of plasma-based accelerators by addressing three topics: the performance of a hollow plasma channel as an accelerating structure, the generation of ultrashort electron bunches, and the propagation of laser pulses is underdense plasmas.

Schroeder, Carl B.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Similarity-based fuzzy limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the concept of similarity-based fuzzy limits in metric spaces is introduced and it is shown that it is an application of limit maps of topologies on [0,1]-valued sets, introduced by Hohle and Sostak, furthermore it is observed that the ... Keywords: Fuzzy limit, Limit map, Similarity-based fuzzy limit, [0,1]-Valued topology

Gültekin Soylu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Hint-based cooperative caching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the design, implementation, and measurement of a hint-based cooperative caching file system. Hints allow clients to make decisions based on local state, enabling a loosely coordinated system that is simple to implement. The resulting ... Keywords: cooperative caching, hints

Prasenjit Sarkar; John H. Hartman

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

VIVACE context based search platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key challenges of knowledge management is to provide the right knowledge to the right person at the right time. To face this challenge, a context based search platform was developed in the frame of the European Integrated Project VIVACE. This ... Keywords: analogy and case based reasoning, context aware systems and applications, context modelling, knowledge management

Romaric Redon; Andreas Larsson; Richard Leblond; Barthelemy Longueville

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Stroke based handwritten character recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work proposes a new stroke based methodology for handwritten character recognition. After the pre-processing, several steps are involved to achieve the recognition. First, the character is segmented into its strokes. Then, we determine the maximum ... Keywords: character recognition, handwritten recognition, inference engine, knowledge base, stroke character representation

D. Álvarez; R. Fernández; L. Sánchez

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Essentials of the SI: Base & derived units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Table 1. SI base units. SI base unit. Base quantity, Name, Symbol. length, meter, m. ... Table 2. Examples of SI derived units. SI derived unit. ...

66

Role Based Training | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Role Based Training Role Based Training Authorizing Official (AO)Authorizing Official Designated Representative (AODR) Role-Based Training Module. This course is available via...

67

The INEL battery data base  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Battery Data Base for electric vehicle applications at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The objectives of the Data Base are to collect, store, and make available to the electric vehicle community battery data from the INEL. Argonne National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, and DOE battery contractors in forms appropriate for evaluating the batteries in electric vehicles. The Data Base currently includes data from over 500 test on 15 batteries of 5 different types. The data (over 120 MB) is stored on a 760 MB harddisk attached to a MicroVax 2. PC-based software to access the data has been developed on the IBM PS/2 using dBASE 4. The initial version of the Data Base to be distributed on a single floppy disk is nearly complete. The first release will include the physical characteristics of the batteries, summary tables showing the test results for each cycle of the battery test programs, and some constant power discharge data for the batteries. Later versions of the Data Base will include second-by-second peak power and SFUDS data, which will require several floppy of Bernoulli disks to store the data. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Burke, A.F.; Hardin, J.E.; Kiser, D.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Applications of agent based simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a survey and analysis of applications of Agent Based Simulation (ABS). A framework for describing and assessing the applications is presented and systematically applied. A general conclusion from the study is that even if ABS seems ...

Paul Davidsson; Johan Holmgren; Hans Kyhlbäck; Dawit Mengistu; Marie Persson

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

and nife-based superalloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trans. A, 23A (1992), 2015. s, ed. E.A. Loria, e NIMONIC Alloys and Other Ni- Base High Temperature d Renewables, eds. A. Strang et al., (London: Inst.MMM,.

70

Model-Based Software Reuse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the First Workshop on Model-based Software Reuse, held in conjunction with the 16th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP) Malaga, Spain June 10, 2002. This workshop was ...

Andreas Speck; Elke Pulvermüller; Ragnhild Van Der Straeten; Ralf Reussner; Matthias Clauß

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Kalman Filter–Based CMORPH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Kalman filter (KF)-based Climate Prediction Center (CPC) morphing technique (CMORPH) algorithm is developed to integrate the passive microwave (PMW) precipitation estimates from low-Earth-orbit (LEO) satellites and infrared (IR) observations ...

Robert J. Joyce; Pingping Xie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Singular operators in multiwavelet bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review some recent results on multiwavelet methods for solving integral and partial differential equations and present an efficient representation of operators using discontinuous multiwavelet bases, including the case for singular integral operators. ...

G. Fann; G. Beylkin; R. J. Harrison; K. E. Jordan

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Normalized information-based divergences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the mathematical study of some divergences based on mutual information which are well suited to categorical random vectors. These divergences are generalizations of the "entropy distance" and "information distance." Their main ...

J. -F. Coeurjolly; R. Drouilhet; J. -F. Robineau

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit Aviation Management Green Leases Executive Secretariat Energy Reduction at...

75

Summary of LOGDEX data base  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of LOGDEX, the digitized well log data base maintained by the Center for Energy Studies at The University of Texas at Austin is presented. These well logs were obtained from various oil companies and then converted from paper well logs to numeric information on magnetic computer tapes for input into the well log data base. This data base serves as a resource for application programs in the study of geopressured geothermal energy resources, for well logging research, and for geological research. Currently the location and scope of well log data that may be found within the LOGDEX data base are limited to wells along the Texas-Louisiana Gulf Coast that are known to have a potential as a geopressured geothermal energy resource. Additionally the location of these wells in that area is highly localized into areas that have been defined by Department of Energy researchers as having a high potential for geopressured geothermal energy. The LOGDEX data base currently contains data from more than 350 wells, representing more than 1600 logs and 16,600,000 curve feet of data. For quick reference to a given log, the summary listing has been indexed into seven divisions: well classification, location by county or parish, curve type, log type, operators, location by state, and well names. These indexes are arranged alphabetically and cross-referenced by page number.

Hill, T.; Sepehrnoori, K.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

77

Energy Data Base: Subject Thesaurus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This seventh edition of the subject thesaurus contains the standard vocabulary of indexing terms (descriptors) developed and structured by the technical staff of the Office of Scientific and Technical Information as part of its subject indexing activities for building and maintaining the Energy Data Base (EDB) and other energy information data bases for the Department of Energy (DOE). The purpose of this thesaurus is to enhance the efficiency of information retrieval from these data bases. This structured vocabulary reflects the scope of DOE's research, development, and technological programs and encompasses terminology derived not only from the basic sciences for also from areas of energy resources, conservation, safety, environmental impact, and regulation. There are 21,080 valid descriptors and 5683 forbidden terms in this edition of the Thesaurus. These descriptors are listed alphabetically.

Raridon, M.H. (ed.)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Coal Reserves Data Base report  

SciTech Connect

The Coal Reserves Data Base (CRDB) Program is a cooperative data base development program sponsored by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The objective of the CRDB Program is to involve knowledgeable coal resource authorities from the major coal-bearing regions in EIA's effort to update the Nation's coal reserves data. This report describes one of two prototype studies to update State-level reserve estimates. The CRDB data are intended for use in coal supply analyses and to support analyses of policy and legislative issues. They will be available to both Government and non-Government analysts. The data also will be part of the information used to supply United States energy data for international data bases and for inquiries from private industry and the public. (VC)

Jones, R.W.; Glass, G.B.

1991-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

79

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Analysis Margo Melendez & Keith Parks January 26, 2006 Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis (GIA) Utilizes GIS, geographically segregated data, and transition expertise to add the spatial component to infrastructure analysis NREL Core Competencies * Geographic data, tools, and expertise * Flexibility to address a wide array of transition issues NREL Capability Diagram Geographically-based Infrastructure Analysis GIS Transportation Technologies & Systems Electric & Hydrogen Technologies Energy Analysis Office GIA Activities Previous and Ongoing * HYDS ME - Evaluates best infrastructure options * Interstate Infrastructure Analysis - Minimal infrastructure to facilitate interstate travel during transition New Analyses * Quantifying transitional hydrogen demand

80

FAST Program Computer Based Training  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FAST CBT is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and interactive features to enhance learning. This computer based training module was created to help instruct users on an existing EPRI engineering computer program Product ID# 1004565 (FAST 1.0 Flow Path Analysis for Steam Turbines, Version 1.0). Users of this training will consist mainly of steam turbine performance engineers and outage managers. A subjec...

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Base case and perturbation scenarios  

SciTech Connect

This report describes fourteen energy factors that could affect electricity markets in the future (demand, process, source mix, etc.). These fourteen factors are believed to have the most influence on the State? s energy environment. A base case, or most probable, characterization is given for each of these fourteen factors over a twenty year time horizon. The base case characterization is derived from quantitative and qualitative information provided by State of California government agencies, where possible. Federal government databases are nsed where needed to supplement the California data. It is envisioned that a initial selection of issue areas will be based upon an evaluation of them under base case conditions. For most of the fourteen factors, the report identities possible perturbations from base case values or assumptions that may be used to construct additional scenarios. Only those perturbations that are plausible and would have a significant effect on energy markets are included in the table. The fourteen factors and potential perturbations of the factors are listed in Table 1.1. These perturbations can be combined to generate internally consist.ent. combinations of perturbations relative to the base case. For example, a low natural gas price perturbation should be combined with a high natural gas demand perturbation. The factor perturbations are based upon alternative quantitative forecasts provided by other institutions (the Department of Energy - Energy Information Administration in some cases), changes in assumptions that drive the quantitative forecasts, or changes in assumptions about the structure of the California energy markets. The perturbations are intended to be used for a qualitative reexamination of issue areas after an initial evaluation under the base case. The perturbation information would be used as a ?tiebreaker;? to make decisions regarding those issue areas that were marginally accepted or rejected under the base case. Hf a quantitative scoring system for issue areas were applied under the base case, a tractable quantitative decision model incorporating scenarios and their likelihoods could be developed and appli& in the decision process. LLNL has developed four perturbation scenarios that address the following issues: l} low economic growth, 2) high natural gas prices, 3) dysfunctional markets, and 4) a preference for green power. We have proposed a plausible scenario that addresses each issue for discussion and consideration by the CEC. In addition, we have provided an example application of the four perturbation scenarios in a qualitative framework for evaluation of issue areas developed for the PIEPC program. A description of each of the perturbation scenarios and a discussion of how they could effect decisions about today? s R&D funding is included. The scenarios attempt to cover a broad spectrum of plausible outcomes in a deregulated market environment. Nowever, Vhey are not a comprehensive and rigorously defined list of the most probable scenarios, but rather a qualitative inference based upon knowledge and expertise in the energy field.

Edmunds, T

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Grammar-based whitebox fuzzing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whitebox fuzzing is a form of automatic dynamic test generation, based on symbolic execution and constraint solving, designed for security testing of large applications. Unfortunately, the current effectiveness of whitebox fuzzing is limited when testing ... Keywords: automatic test generation, grammars, program verification, software testing

Patrice Godefroid; Adam Kiezun; Michael Y. Levin

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

ANN - based distribution system reconfiguration  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) - based distribution system reconfiguration scheme to reduce system loss. The ANN is trained for different load levels and different network topologies. The proposed scheme has been tested using a 38 - bus distribution system. The results are very promising.

Momoh, J.A.; Wang, Yanchun [Howard Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.; Rizy, D.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Content-based image retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to retrieve images it is much more sophisticated and usual for human beings to use natural language concepts, e.g. mountainlake, than syntactical features, e.g. red region left up. This leads to a content-based image retrieval. ...

Th. Hermes; Ch. Klauck; J. Kreyß; J. Zhang

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Component-based LR parsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A language implementation with proper compositionality enables a compiler developer to divide-and-conquer the complexity of building a large language by constructing a set of smaller languages. Ideally, these small language implementations should be ... Keywords: Component-based software development, LR parsing, Parser generator

Xiaoqing Wu; Barrett R. Bryant; Jeff Gray; Marjan Mernik

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Lambek Grammars Based on Pregroups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lambek [14] introduces pregroups as a new framework for syntactic structure. In this paper we prove some new theorems on pre-groups and study grammars based on the calculus of free pregroups. We prove that these grammars are equivalent to context-free ...

Wojciech Buszkowski

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Primeless factoring-based cryptography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factoring-based public-key cryptosystems have an overall complexity which is dominated by the key-production algorithm, which requires the generation of prime numbers. This is most inconvenient in settings where the key-generation is not an one-off process, ...

Sonia Bogos, Ioana Boureanu, Serge Vaudenay

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

FM-based indoor localization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major challenge for accurate fingerprint-based indoor localization is the design of robust and discriminative wireless signatures. Even though WiFi RSSI signatures are widely available indoors, they vary significantly over time and are susceptible ... Keywords: fingerprinting, fm, localization, mobile systems, wireless

Yin Chen; Dimitrios Lymberopoulos; Jie Liu; Bodhi Priyantha

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Pattern-Based Parallel Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advantages of pattern-based programming have been well-documented in the sequential programming literature. However patterns have yet to make their way into mainstream parallel computing, even though several research tools support them. There are ... Keywords: parallel programming environment, design patterns, frameworks, meta-programming

S. Bromling; S. MacDonald; J. Anvik; J. Schaeffer; D. Szafron; K. Tan

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Density-based logistic regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a nonlinear logistic regression model for classification. The main idea is to map the data to a feature space based on kernel density estimation. A discriminative model is then learned to optimize the feature weights as well as ... Keywords: density estimation, logistic regression, medical prediction, nonlinear classification

Wenlin Chen, Yixin Chen, Yi Mao, Baolong Guo

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Belief-based risk analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a method for risk analysis based on the approach used in CRAMM, but instead of using discrete measures for threats and vulnerabilities and look-up tables to derive levels of risk, it uses subjective beliefs about threats and vulnerabilities ... Keywords: belief calculus, risk analysis, security

Audun Jøsang; Daniel Bradley; Svein J. Knapskog

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Graphite-based photovoltaic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention uses lithographically patterned graphite stacks as the basic building elements of an efficient and economical photovoltaic cell. The basic design of the graphite-based photovoltaic cells includes a plurality of spatially separated graphite stacks, each comprising a plurality of vertically stacked, semiconducting graphene sheets (carbon nanoribbons) bridging electrically conductive contacts.

Lagally, Max (Madison, WI); Liu, Feng (Salt Lake City, UT)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

93

Helping based on future expectations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autonomous agents interacting in an open world can be considered to be primarily driven by self interests. Previous work in this area has prescribed a strategy of reciprocal behavior, based on past interactions, for promoting and sustaining cooperation ... Keywords: adaptation, agents, cooperation, reciprocity

Sabyasachi Saha; Sandip Sen; Partha Sarathi Dutta

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

HPPOS DATA BASE; Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) Data Base Based On Current 10 CFR 20  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The software contains information found in the publication `Health Physics Positions Data Base` (NUREG/CR-5569); a collection of summaries of the Nuclear Regulatory Commissions (NRC) Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) data base. The HPPOS data base is composed of 247 original documents in the form of letters, memoranda, and excerpts from technical reports that cover a wide range of topics in radiation protection (health physics). It was developed by NRC Headquarters and Regional Offices to help ensure uniformity in inspections, enforcement, and licensing actions. The HPPOS summaries are written in the context of the current Part 20 of Title 10 to the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 20 and 20.1 - 20.601) and are intended to serve as a source of information useful in radiation protection programs at nuclear research and power reactors, nuclear medical laboratories, and other industries that process or use nuclear materials.

Borges, H.T.; Stafford, R.S.; Kerr, G.D.; Ly, P.Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN, (United States); Carter, D. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C., (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Satellite-Based Quantum Communications  

SciTech Connect

Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers the attractive feature of 'future proof', forward security rooted in the laws of quantum physics. Ground based quantum key distribution (QKD) experiments in optical fiber have attained transmission ranges in excess of 200km, but for larger distances we proposed a methodology for satellite-based QC. Over the past decade we have devised solutions to the technical challenges to satellite-to-ground QC, and we now have a clear concept for how space-based QC could be performed and potentially utilized within a trusted QKD network architecture. Functioning as a trusted QKD node, a QC satellite ('QC-sat') could deliver secret keys to the key stores of ground-based trusted QKD network nodes, to each of which multiple users are connected by optical fiber or free-space QC. A QC-sat could thereby extend quantum-secured connectivity to geographically disjoint domains, separated by continental or inter-continental distances. In this paper we describe our system concept that makes QC feasible with low-earth orbit (LEO) QC-sats (200-km-2,000-km altitude orbits), and the results of link modeling of expected performance. Using the architecture that we have developed, LEO satellite-to-ground QKD will be feasible with secret bit yields of several hundred 256-bit AES keys per contact. With multiple ground sites separated by {approx} 100km, mitigation of cloudiness over any single ground site would be possible, potentially allowing multiple contact opportunities each day. The essential next step is an experimental QC-sat. A number of LEO-platforms would be suitable, ranging from a dedicated, three-axis stabilized small satellite, to a secondary experiment on an imaging satellite. to the ISS. With one or more QC-sats, low-latency quantum-secured communications could then be provided to ground-based users on a global scale. Air-to-ground QC would also be possible.

Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Cabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Raymond T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

96

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

870 870 rd Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J. Richardson and Jonathan L. Slack Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 2003 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Research and Standards of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan L. Slack Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720, USA

97

Condition-Based Maintenance Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the 1980s, EPRI has published various documents relating to predictive or condition-based maintenance (CBM) programs. These documents have served as a foundation for predictive maintenance programs within our industry. Many of these published documents are now more than 10 years old. As a result, EPRI is reviewing these documents to compare them with current practices and programs. EPRIs initial goal is to revise and update the guidance and create a principal core document on predictive and conditi...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

98

Stress-Based Fatigue Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The FatiguePro software, developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and first deployed in 1989, is a fatigue monitoring program that is widely used around the world to assist with aging management of nuclear power plants. The FatiguePro stress-based fatigue (SBF) module has used a single stress term for calculating fatigue usage factors. This simplified approach was chosen not only because of computer limitations at the time, but also because the conventional stress cycle counting algorith...

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

99

Experience Based Seismic Equipment Qualification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidelines that can be used to perform an experience-based seismic equipment qualification for verification of seismic adequacy of active electrical and mechanical equipment consistent with requirements of American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)-7. The report summarizes what requirements are sufficient to ensure that an item of equipment can perform its intended safety function after a design earthquake. The report also provides additional guidance on ensuring that an item of equi...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

Computer Based Training: Pressure Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ETTM Pressure Measurement is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. The purpose of this training module is to provide an understanding of the engineering principles associated with pressure measurement through the review of: Definitions and laws, Operation of some typical plant pressure instruments and, Installation and correction considerations that will...

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Comorphism-based Grothendieck logics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to obtain a semantic foundation for heterogeneous specification, we extend Diaconescu's morphism-based Grothendieck institutions to the case of comorphisms. This is not just a dualization, because we obtain more general results, especially concerning amalgamation properties. We also introduce a proof calculus for structured heterogeneous speci cations and study its soundness and completeness (where amalgamation properties play a r^ole for obtaining the latter).

Till Mossakowski

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Normalized information-based divergences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the mathematical study of some divergences based on the mutual information well-suited to categorical random vectors. These divergences are generalizations of the“entropy distance”and“information distance”. Their main characteristic is that they combine a complexity term and the mutual information. We then introduce the notion of (normalized) informationbased divergence, propose several examples and discuss their mathematical properties.

J. -f. Coeurjolly; R. Drouilhet; J. -f. Robineau

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Better bases for kernel spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we investigate the feasibility of constructing stable, local bases for computing with kernels. In particular, we are interested in constructing families $(b_{\\xi})_{\\xi\\in\\Xi}$ that function as bases for kernel spaces $S(k,\\Xi)$ so that each basis function is constructed using very few kernels. In other words, each function $b_{\\zeta}(x) = \\sum_{\\xi\\in\\Xi} A_{\\zeta,\\xi} k(x,\\xi)$ is a linear combination of samples of the kernel with few nonzero coefficients $A_{\\zeta,\\xi}$. This is reminiscent of the construction of the B-spline basis from the family of truncated power functions. We demonstrate that for a large class of kernels (the Sobolev kernels as well as many kernels of polyharmonic and related type) such bases exist. In fact, the basis elements can be constructed using a combination of roughly $O(\\log N)^d$ kernels, where $d$ is the local dimension of the manifold and $N$ is the dimension of the kernel space (i.e. $N=#\\Xi$). Viewing this as a preprocessing step -- the construction of the...

Fuselier, E J; Narcowich, F J; Ward, J D; Wright, G B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two...

105

Energy Basics: Bio-Based Products  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Share this resource Biomass Biofuels Biopower Bio-Based Products Biomass Resources Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Bio-Based Products Almost all of the products...

106

Image-based Visual Servoing Image-based Visual Servoing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With "standard" cameras Basics x IL IR CL CR xL xR eL eR CR RCL ,CR tCL E Hartley (2003) #12;Image-based VisualR eL eR CR RCL ,CR tCL E Coordinate transformation: CR x =CR RCL CL x +CR tCL Epipolar plane: (oCL , oCR , x) CR x CR tCL Ã?CR RCL CL x = 0 Projection (in camera coordinates!) Ci x = fi Ci z Ci x with i {L

Moeller, Ralf

107

Embrittlement data base, version 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging and degradation of light-water-reactor (LWR) pressure vessels is of particular concern because of their relevance to plant integrity and the magnitude of the expected irradiation embrittlement. The radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) materials depends on many different factors such as flux, fluence, fluence spectrum, irradiation temperature, and preirradiation material history and chemical compositions. These factors must be considered to reliably predict pressure vessel embrittlement and to ensure the safe operation of the reactor. Based on embrittlement predictions, decisions must be made concerning operating parameters and issues such as low-leakage-fuel management, possible life extension, and the need for annealing the pressure vessel. Large amounts of data from surveillance capsules and test reactor experiments, comprising many different materials and different irradiation conditions, are needed to develop generally applicable damage prediction models that can be used for industry standards and regulatory guides. Version 1 of the Embrittlement Data Base (EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data resulting from merging version 2 of the Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB). Fracture toughness data were also integrated into Version 1 of the EDB. For power reactor data, the current EDB lists the 1,029 Charpy transition-temperature shift data points, which include 321 from plates, 125 from forgoings, 115 from correlation monitor materials, 246 from welds, and 222 from heat-affected-zone (HAZ) materials that were irradiated in 271 capsules from 101 commercial power reactors. For test reactor data, information is available for 1,308 different irradiated sets (352 from plates, 186 from forgoings, 303 from correlation monitor materials, 396 from welds and 71 from HAZs) and 268 different irradiated plus annealed data sets.

Wang, J.A.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Risk-Based Production Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the pilot application of a risk-informed approach to production optimization at fossil power plants. In this project, EPRI worked with a U.S. utility to develop risk profiles for plant components at two of the utilitys coal-fired generating units. The information was then used as a basis for identifying timing strategies for performing outage-based maintenance. The primary objective was to apply a risk-informed approach to identifying an optimal sequence of outage intervals and scop...

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

109

Physics Based on Physical Monism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

Seong-Dong Kim

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

110

Epoxy Based Nanodielectric with Homogeneously Distributed ...  

Electricity Transmission Advanced Materials Epoxy Based Nanodielectric with Homogeneously Distributed Nanoparticles Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Contact ...

111

Host Event Based Network Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of INL’s research on this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a host event based network monitoring tool and the effects on host performance. Current host based network monitoring tools work on polling which can miss activity if it occurs between polls. Instead of polling, a tool could be developed that makes use of event APIs in the operating system to receive asynchronous notifications of network activity. Analysis and logging of these events will allow the tool to construct the complete real-time and historical network configuration of the host while the tool is running. This research focused on three major operating systems commonly used by SCADA systems: Linux, WindowsXP, and Windows7. Windows 7 offers two paths that have minimal impact on the system and should be seriously considered. First is the new Windows Event Logging API, and, second, Windows 7 offers the ALE API within WFP. Any future work should focus on these methods.

Jonathan Chugg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

An Agent Based Classification Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The major function of this model is to access the UCI Wisconsin Breast Can- cer data-set[1] and classify the data items into two categories, which are normal and anomalous. This kind of classifi cation can be referred as anomaly detection, which discriminates anomalous behaviour from normal behaviour in computer systems. One popular solution for anomaly detection is Artifi cial Immune Sys- tems (AIS). AIS are adaptive systems inspired by theoretical immunology and observed immune functions, principles and models which are applied to prob- lem solving. The Dendritic Cell Algorithm (DCA)[2] is an AIS algorithm that is developed specifi cally for anomaly detection. It has been successfully applied to intrusion detection in computer security. It is believed that agent-based mod- elling is an ideal approach for implementing AIS, as intelligent agents could be the perfect representations of immune entities in AIS. This model evaluates the feasibility of re-implementing the DCA in an agent-based simulation environ- ...

Gu, Feng; Greensmith, Julie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Geothermal resource data base: Arizona  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides a compilation of geothermal well and spring information in Arizona up to 1993. This report and data base are a part of a larger congressionally-funded national effort to encourage and assist geothermal direct-use. In 1991, the US Department of Energy, Geothermal Division (DOE/GD) began a Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources and Technology Transfer Program. Phase 1 of this program includes updating the inventory of wells and springs of ten western states and placing these data into a digital format that is universally accessible to the PC. The Oregon Institute of Technology GeoHeat Center (OIT) administers the program and the University of Utah Earth Sciences and Resources Institute (ESRI) provides technical direction. In recent years, the primary growth in geothermal use in Arizona has occurred in aquaculture. Other uses include minor space heating and supply of warm mineral waters for health spas.

Witcher, J.C. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Sensor-Based Information Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pervasive Computing is the main characteristic of the emerging fourth era of computer evolution. The paper discusses features of a new generation of intelligent sensor-based information appliances for distributed heterogeneous real-time applications. These appliances will be found in the intelligent homes, offices, automobiles and cities of the future. They will also offer higher mobility and convenience to professionals and open new avenues to many industrial and health applications. 1. Introduction Since its emergence, some forty years go, computing industry has passed through a rapid sequence of technological phases: central computing/mainframe (1950s-1980s), personal computer/PC (1980s-...), computer networks (1990s -...). A fourth era is emerging now, when computers become pervasive, i.e. a technology more noticeable by its absence than its presence [1], [6], [11], [14], [17], [22], [25]. The first mass-produced pervasive computing devices are starting to appear. The Clarion Au...

Emil M. Petriu; Nicolas D. Georganas; Dorina C. Petriu; Dimitrios Makrakis; Voicu Z. Groza

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Conductive polymer-based material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are polymer-based coatings and materials comprising (i) a polymeric composition including a polymer having side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, at least two of the side chains being substituted with a heteroatom selected from oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and combinations thereof; and (ii) a plurality of metal species distributed within the polymer. At least a portion of the heteroatoms may form part of a chelation complex with some or all of the metal species. In many embodiments, the metal species are present in a sufficient concentration to provide a conductive material, e.g., as a conductive coating on a substrate. The conductive materials may be useful as the thin film conducting or semi-conducting layers in organic electronic devices such as organic electroluminescent devices and organic thin film transistors.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Koren, Amy B. (Lansing, MI); Dourado, Sunil K. (Ann Arbor, MI); Dulebohn, Joel I. (Lansing, MI); Hanchar, Robert J. (Charlotte, MI)

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base  

SciTech Connect

This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Performance-Based Incentive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Performance-Based Incentive Performance-Based Incentive Jump to: navigation, search Performance-based incentives (PBIs), also known as production incentives, provide cash payments based on the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) or BTUs generated by a renewable energy system. A "feed-in tariff" is an example of a PBI. To ensure project quality, payments based on a system's actual performance are generally more effective than payments based on a system's rated capacity. (Note that tax incentives based on the amount of energy produced by an eligible commercial facility are categorized as "Corporate Tax Incentives" in DSIRE.) [1] Contents 1 Performance-Based Incentive Incentives 2 References Performance-Based Incentive Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 194) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

118

Copula Based Hierarchical Bayesian Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main objective of our study is to employ copula methodology to develop Bayesian hierarchical models to study the dependencies exhibited by temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal processes. We develop hierarchical models for both discrete and continuous outcomes. In doing so we expect to address the dearth of copula based Bayesian hierarchical models to study hydro-meteorological events and other physical processes yielding discrete responses. First, we present Bayesian methods of analysis for longitudinal binary outcomes using Generalized Linear Mixed models (GLMM). We allow flexible marginal association among the repeated outcomes from different time-points. An unique property of this copula-based GLMM is that if the marginal link function is integrated over the distribution of the random effects, its form remains same as that of the conditional link function. This unique property enables us to retain the physical interpretation of the fixed effects under conditional and marginal model and yield proper posterior distribution. We illustrate the performance of the posited model using real life AIDS data and demonstrate its superiority over the traditional Gaussian random effects model. We develop a semiparametric extension of our GLMM and re-analyze the data from the AIDS study. Next, we propose a general class of models to handle non-Gaussian spatial data. The proposed model can deal with geostatistical data that can accommodate skewness, tail-heaviness, multimodality. We fix the distribution of the marginal processes and induce dependence via copulas. We illustrate the superior predictive performance of our approach in modeling precipitation data as compared to other kriging variants. Thereafter, we employ mixture kernels as the copula function to accommodate non-stationary data. We demonstrate the adequacy of this non-stationary model by analyzing permeability data. In both cases we perform extensive simulation studies to investigate the performances of the posited models under misspecification. Finally, we take up the important problem of modeling multivariate extreme values with copulas. We describe, in detail, how dependences can be induced in the block maxima approach and peak over threshold approach by an extreme value copula. We prove the ability of the posited model to handle both strong and weak extremal dependence and derive the conditions for posterior propriety. We analyze the extreme precipitation events in the continental United States for the past 98 years and come up with a suite of predictive maps.

Ghosh, Souparno

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Lazy Home-Based Protocol: Combining Homeless and Home-Based Distributed Shared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lazy Home-Based Protocol: Combining Homeless and Home-Based Distributed Shared Memory Protocols. The protocol com- bines the advantages of homeless and home-based protocols. During lock synchronization a home-based page-based memory update using the invalidation coherence protocol. The protocol is called

Werstein, Paul

120

Carbon-based Fuel Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct use of coal in the solid oxide fuel cell to generate electricity is an innovative concept for power generation. The C-fuel cell (carbon-based fuel cell) could offer significant advantages: (1) minimization of NOx emissions due to its operating temperature range of 700-1000 C, (2) high overall efficiency because of the direct conversion of coal to CO{sub 2}, and (3) the production of a nearly pure CO{sub 2} exhaust stream for the direct CO{sub 2} sequestration. The objective of this project is to determine the technical feasibility of using a highly active anode catalyst in a solid oxide fuel for the direct electrochemical oxidation of coal to produce electricity. Results of this study showed that the electric power generation from Ohio No 5 coal (Lower Kittanning) Seam, Mahoning County, is higher than those of coal gas and pure methane on a solid oxide fuel cell assembly with a promoted metal anode catalyst at 950 C. Further study is needed to test the long term activity, selectivity, and stability of anode catalysts.

Steven S. C. Chuang

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Free resolutions via Gröbner bases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For associative algebras in many different categories, it is possible to develop the machinery of Gröbner bases. A Gröbner basis of defining relations for an algebra of such a category provides a "monomial replacement" of this algebra. The main goal of this article is to demonstrate how this machinery can be used for the purposes of homological algebra. More precisely, our approach goes in three steps. First, we define a combinatorial resolution for the monomial replacement of an object. Second, we extract from those resolutions explicit representatives for homological classes. Finally, we explain how to "deform" the differential to handle the general case. For associative algebras, we recover a well known construction due to Anick. The other case we discuss in detail is that of operads, where we discover resolutions that haven't been known previously. We present various applications, including a proofs of Hoffbeck's PBW criterion, a proof of Koszulness for a class of operads coming from commutative algebras, and a homology computation for the operads of Batalin--Vilkovisky algebras and of Rota--Baxter algebras.

Vladimir Dotsenko; Anton Khoroshkin

122

Bio-Based Products | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from biomass. These bioproducts, or bio-based products, are not only made from renewable sources, but they also often require less energy to produce than petroleum-based ones....

123

A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator Title A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-51065 Year of Publication 2002 Authors...

124

Modified biogeography-based optimisation (MBBO)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modified biogeography-based optimisation (MBBO) technique is modified version of BBO which is a bio-inspired and population-based optimisation technique. Biogeography is the study of distribution of species in nature. In this paper, ...

M. R. Lohokare; S. Devi; S. S. Pattnaik; B. K. Panigrahi; J. G. Joshi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Standardization in Technology-Based Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and servicing the markets based on ... Their established market positions promote evolutionary as ... of developing, producing, and marketing the core ...

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

126

Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

Current methods for sensor placement are based on qualitative approaches ranging from “best guess” to expensive, customized studies.

127

Stabilization of Graphene-Polyaniline Based Nanocomposite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Stabilization of Graphene-Polyaniline Based Nanocomposite Electrodes Using Barium Strontium Titanate for Supercapacitor Application.

128

Assembly of Energy Nanomaterials via Water Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Assembly of Energy Nanomaterials via Water Based Assembly Paula T. Hammond Department of Chemical Engineering ...

129

UBE's SiC-base Ceramic Fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Ceramic Matrix Composites. Presentation Title, UBE's SiC-base Ceramic ...

130

Phase-based Property Data Informatics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dictionary-based Diffraction Microscopy for Materials · Effective Extraction of Both Impurity Diffusion Coefficients and Interdiffusion Coefficients for Diffusivity ...

131

Model Based Enterprise / Technical Data Package Summit ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NIST Technical Note 1753 Model Based Enterprise / Technical Data Package Summit Report Joshua Lubell Kenway ...

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

132

Quantum Conductance Project/Graphene-Based Quantum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum Conductance Project/Graphene-Based Quantum Metrology. Summary: ... Graphene Hall bar developed at NIST by undergraduate students. ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

133

Graphene Based Composite Materials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Nanocomposites. Presentation Title, Graphene Based Composite Materials.

134

Future risks of satellite-based tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study finds out if in the future, some special risks concerning satellite-based tracking and navigation occur. To find out possible future risks, future research methods such as scenarios were being used. Forecasting the future is impossible, but ... Keywords: future research, risk management, satellite-base tracking, satellite-based navigation, tracking

Miikka Ohisalo; Otto Tiuri; Tatu Urpila; Jyri Rajamäki

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

2004 Power Marketing Plan - Base Resource Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contract Overview Contract Overview 08/16/00 1 of 3 2004 Power Marketing Plan Base Resource Contract Overview The following summarizes the main provisions of the Base Resource Contract: Section 4 (Termination of amendment for right to purchase after 2004): * Terminates the existing contract amendments that provide for a customer's right to purchase power from Western after 2004. Execution of the Base Resource contract sustains a customer's right to purchase after 2004. Section 5 (Effective date and term of contract): Provides for: * Base Resource contracts to be effective upon execution by Western. * Base Resource contracts to remain in effect until December 31, 2024, subject to prior termination. * Service to begin under the Base Resource contract on January 1, 2005. Section 7 (Base Resource estimates and availability forecast):

136

Amorphous Silicon Based Neutron Detector  

SciTech Connect

Various large-scale neutron sources already build or to be constructed, are important for materials research and life science research. For all these neutron sources, neutron detectors are very important aspect. However, there is a lack of a high-performance and low-cost neutron beam monitor that provides time and temporal resolution. The objective of this SBIR Phase I research, collaboratively performed by Midwest Optoelectronics, LLC (MWOE), the University of Toledo (UT) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is to demonstrate the feasibility for amorphous silicon based neutron beam monitors that are pixilated, reliable, durable, fully packaged, and fabricated with high yield using low-cost method. During the Phase I effort, work as been focused in the following areas: 1) Deposition of high quality, low-defect-density, low-stress a-Si films using very high frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (VHF PECVD) at high deposition rate and with low device shunting; 2) Fabrication of Si/SiO2/metal/p/i/n/metal/n/i/p/metal/SiO2/ device for the detection of alpha particles which are daughter particles of neutrons through appropriate nuclear reactions; and 3) Testing of various devices fabricated for alpha and neutron detection; As the main results: · High quality, low-defect-density, low-stress a-Si films have been successfully deposited using VHF PECVD on various low-cost substrates; · Various single-junction and double junction detector devices have been fabricated; · The detector devices fabricated have been systematically tested and analyzed. · Some of the fabricated devices are found to successfully detect alpha particles. Further research is required to bring this Phase I work beyond the feasibility demonstration toward the final prototype devices. The success of this project will lead to a high-performance, low-cost, X-Y pixilated neutron beam monitor that could be used in all of the neutron facilities worldwide. In addition, the technologies developed here could be used to develop X-ray and neutron monitors that could be used in the future for security checks at the airports and other critical facilities. The project would lead to devices that could significantly enhance the performance of multi-billion dollar neutron source facilities in the US and bring our nation to the forefront of neutron beam sciences and technologies which have enormous impact to materials, life science and military research and applications.

Xu, Liwei

2004-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

137

Hydrogen storage based on physisorption.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Physisorption of molecular hydrogen based on neutral and negatively charged aromatic molecular systems has been evaluated using ab initio calculations to estimate the binding energy, {Delta}H, and {Delta}G at 298 ({approx}77 bar) and 77 K (45 bar) in order to compare calculated results with experimental measurements of hydrogen adsorption. The molecular systems used in this study were corannulene (C{sub 20}H{sub 10}), dicyclopenta[def,jkl]triphenylene (C{sub 20}H{sub 10}), 5,8-dioxo-5,8-dihydroindeno[2,1-c]fluorene (C{sub 20}H{sub 10}O{sub 2}), 6-hexyl-5,8-dioxo-5,8-dihydroindeno[2,1-c]fluorene (C{sub 26}H{sub 22}O{sub 2}), coronene (C{sub 24}H{sub 12}), dilithium phthalocyanine (Li{sub 2}Pc, C{sub 32}H{sub 16}Li{sub 2}N{sub 8}), tetrabutylammonium lithium phthalocyanine (TBA-LiPc, C{sub 48}H{sub 52}LiN{sub 9}), and tetramethylammonium lithium phthalocyanine (TMA-LiPc, C{sub 36}H{sub 28}LiN{sub 9}). It was found (a) that the calculated term that corrects 0 K electronic energies to give Gibbs energies (thermal correction to Gibbs energy, TCGE) serves as a good approximation of the adsorbent binding energy required in order for a physisorption process to be thermodynamically allowed and (b) that the binding energy for neutral aromatic molecules varies as a function of curvature (e.g., corannulene versus coronene) or if electron-withdrawing or -donating groups are part of the adsorbent. A negatively charged aromatic ring, the lithium phthalocyanine complex anion, [LiPc]{sup -}, introduces charge-induced dipole interactions into the adsorption process, resulting in a doubling of the binding energy of Li{sub 2}Pc relative to corannulene. Experimental hydrogen adsorption results for Li{sub 2}Pc, which are consistent with MD simulation results using x-Li{sub 2}Pc to simulate the adsorbent, suggest that only one side of the phthalocyanine ring is used in the adsorption process. The introduction of a tetrabutylammonium cation as a replacement for one lithium ion in Li{sub 2}Pc has the effect of increasing the number of hydrogen molecules adsorbed from 10 (3.80 wt %) for Li{sub 2}Pc to 24 (5.93 wt %) at 77 K and 45 bar, suggesting that both sides of the phthalocyanine ring are available for hydrogen adsorption. MD simulations of layered tetramethylammonium lithium phthalocyanine molecular systems illustrate that doubling the wt % H{sub 2} adsorbed is possible via such a system. Ab initio calculations also suggest that layered or sandwich structures can result in significant reductions in the pressure required for hydrogen adsorption.

Scanlon, L. G.; Feld, W. A.; Balbuena, P. B.; Sandi, G.; Duan, F.; Underwood, K. A.; Hunter, N.; Mack, J.; Rottmayer, M. A.; Tsao, M; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; Wright State Univ.; Texas A& M Univ.; Univ. of Cincinnati

2009-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

138

An overview of time-based and condition-based maintenance in industrial application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of two maintenance techniques widely discussed in the literature: time-based maintenance (TBM) and condition-based maintenance (CBM). The paper discusses how the TBM and CBM techniques work toward maintenance decision ... Keywords: Condition-based maintenance, Industrial application, Maintenance decision making, Maintenance techniques, Preventive maintenance, Time-based maintenance

Rosmaini Ahmad; Shahrul Kamaruddin

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Combining Case-Based and Model-Based Reasoning for the Diagnosis of Complex Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel approach to integrating case-based reasoning with model-based diagnosis is presented. This approach, called Experience Aided Diagnosis (EAD), uses the model of the device and the results of diagnostic tests to index and match cases representing past ... Keywords: case-based reasoning, hybrid problem-solving methods, model-based diagnosis

M. P. Féret; J. I. Glasgow

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Characteristics Data Base: Programmer's guide to the High-Level Waste Data Base  

SciTech Connect

The High-Level Waste Data Base is a menu-driven PC data base developed as part of OCRWM's technical data base on the characteristics of potential repository wastes, which also includes spent fuel and other materials. This programmer's guide completes the documentation for the High-Level Waste Data Base, the user's guide having been published previously. 3 figs.

Jones, K.E. (DataPhile, Inc., Knoxville, TN (USA)); Salmon, R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Performance-Based Culture | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-Based Culture Performance-Based Culture Performance-Based Culture Performance-Based Culture In the Spring of 2012, DOE launched and initiative to improve our Performance-Based Culture. A key element of this effort is the Department's participation in the government wide performance management initiative focused on Goals-Engagement-Accountability-Results (GEAR). According to GEAR the five recommendations to create high-performing organizations that are aligned, accountable, and focused on results are: Articulate a high performance culture Align employee performance management with organizational performance management Implement accountability at all levels Create a culture of engagement Improve the assessment, selection, development and training of supervisors To find out how our organization is supporting Performance-Based Culture

142

Property:BasedNear | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BasedNear BasedNear Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It is equivalent to the well-known foaf:based_near property. Pages using the property "BasedNear" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Aaronbeach + Denver, Colorado + Andrruban + Ukraine + Arondobos + Denver, Colorado + B Bbush + Boulder, Colorado + C Calpak + Athens, Greece + Cjauzenne + Golden, Colorado + Cwebber + Golden, Colorado + D DWC Bot + Chicago, Illinois + Dbowers + Denver, Colorado + Dbrodt + Golden, Colorado + Dmulcahy + Chapel Hill, North Carolina + E Elainethale + Golden, Colorado + Enaname + San Diego County, California + Enitz + Erie, Colorado + Enviroenergy2005 + New Delhi, India + Ewilson + Golden, Colorado + G Graham7781 + Denver, Colorado +

143

Community Based Renewable Energy Production Incentive (Pilot...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Community Based Renewable Energy Production Incentive (Pilot Program) (Maine) This is the approved revision of this...

144

Large 718 Forgings for Land Based Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the development of the first gas turbine, the drive for lower cost electrical power has lead to more efficient land based power systems. Increased efficiency  ...

145

Micro Aerosol-based Decontamination System - Available ...  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Micro Aerosol-based Decontamination System. Battelle Number(s): 15847. ...

146

Material Independent Design of Photoluminescent Systems Based ...  

Energy Storage Advanced Materials Material Independent Design of Photoluminescent Systems Based on Alignment of Polar Molecules in Charged Surface Oak Ridge ...

147

THERM -- Knowledge Base THERM 6.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

other than fenestration systems. The Boundary Conditions are based on the ASHRAE 2009 Handbook of Fundamentals, Chapter 26, Table 1. Surface Conductances and Resistances for...

148

LBNL-5940E Monitoring-based HVAC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

estimate, and then was further calibrated based on monitored data from the EMCS and EIS (Energy Information Systems). Design flow rates, fan pressure rise and speed of supply...

149

NIST Complete hemispherical infrared laser-based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A custom instrument, the Complete Hemispherical infrared Laser-based Reflectometer ... using light input from a selection of lasers covering the ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

150

Automated fenestration selection based on lighting performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i.e., aims at automated selection of fenestration systems that best meet specific lighting performance goals. The new method is based on manipulation of matrices that represent...

151

Photoluminescence from Carbon-based Hybrid Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We shall like to present our results in incorporating optical nanoparticle materials, such as Er and ZnO into carbon-based materials, ranging from graphene to ...

152

Auction market simulator for price based operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the passage of new public utility regulatory policies, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) encourages an open market system for price based operation. A previous paper describes a framework for price based operation and the associated technical issues in an auction market structure. This paper presents an auction market simulator to experimentally study the aspects of power system operation in price-based environment. The proposed simulator can also be used as a tool to train the system operators how to perform electric power transaction in the deregulated environment. This paper presents the simulation results of auction market for price based operation in the 24-bus, 10-generator IEEE Reliability Test System.

Kumar, J.; Sheble, G. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Content-Based Access to Unstructured Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of automatic systems that can provide content-based access to information that has not been explicitly structured for machine consumption. ...

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

154

Geographically Based Infrastructure Margo Melendez & Keith Parks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagram Geographically-based Infrastructure Analysis GIS Transportation Technologies & Systems Electric resulting H2 demand and changing demand ­ Estimate infrastructure needs and usage ­ Predict transition

155

CNT Based Thermoelectric Devices for Energy Harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, CNT Based Thermoelectric Devices for Energy Harvesting. Author(s), David S. Lashmore, Tom VanVechten, Jennifer Mann, Cory Timoney, ...

156

Interference in TDD based LMDS systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper different aspects concerning interference in TDD (Time Division Duplexing) based LMDS (Local Multipoint Distribution Systems) systems are considered. The most important interference situations are desribed and where appropriate comparisons with FDD (Frequency Division Duplexing) based systems will be made. Both intrasystem (between different operators' networks) and intersystem (within an operator's network) interference are considered.

Isabelle Tardy Ole; Ole Grøndalen; Gianfranco Vezzani; Telital Unicom Centro Ricerche Telecomunicazioni

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Optimization-based interactive motion synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a physics-based approach to synthesizing motion of a virtual character in a dynamically varying environment. Our approach views the motion of a responsive virtual character as a sequence of solutions to the constrained optimization problem ... Keywords: Character animation, nonlinear optimization, physics-based animation

Sumit Jain; Yuting Ye; C. Karen Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

A Semantic Triplet Based Story Classifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A story is defined as "an actor(s) taking action(s) that culminates in a resolution(s)." In this paper, we investigate the utility of standard keyword based features, statistical features based on shallow-parsing (such as density of POS tags and named ... Keywords: Feature extraction,Semantics,Accuracy,Organizations,Support vector machines,Humans,Standards organizations

Betul Ceran; Ravi Karad; Ajay Mandvekar; Steven R. Corman; Hasan Davulcu

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Base line estimation using sparse nonlinear operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient nonlinear operators for base line estimation of high energy physics detector signals are introduced. Due to the high processing rate requirements the operators are simplified using sparse input sequences. The operators are a sparse order statistic ... Keywords: base line estimation, filter training, order statistic filter

Sami J. Inkinen; Yrjö Neuvo

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Proof-Based design of security protocols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the refinement-based process for the development of security protocols. Our approach is based on the Event B refinement, which makes proofs easier and which makes the design process faithfull to the structure of the protocol as the designer ...

Nazim Benaissa; Dominique Méry

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Performance Measurement in Simulation-Based Training  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation-based training (SBT) is a methodology for providing systematic and structured learning experiences. The effectinvess of this methodology is dependent on the quality of performance measurement practices in place. Performance measurement during ... Keywords: SBT, best practices, causes, corrective feedback, design, diagnosis, diagnostic measurment, effectiveness, feedback, methdologies, performance, performance diagnosis, performance measurement, remediatiopn, simulation-based training, team performance, teams, theoretical foundations

Eduardo Salas; Michael A. Rosen; Janet D. Held; Johnny J. Weissmuller

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

DAG-Based software frameworks for PDEs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The task-based approach to software and parallelism is well-known and has been proposed as a potential candidate, named the silver model, for exascale software. This approach is not yet widely used in the large-scale multi-core parallel computing of ... Keywords: directed acyclic graph, parallelism, scalability, task-based

Martin Berzins; Qingyu Meng; John Schmidt; James C. Sutherland

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Nanotechnology-based solutions for oil spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acknowledged to be among the worst ocean oil spills in world history. Inevitably, the spill has once againNanotechnology-based solutions for oil spills :: Texas Tech News http://today.ttu.edu/2011/02/nanotechnology-based-solutions-for-oil-spills/[2/23/2011 8:58:19 AM] February 22, 2011 nanowerk - Nanotechnology

Rock, Chris

164

Adding Speech to Location-based Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first generation of Location-based Services (LBSs) did not succeed on the market. In order to prepare LBSs of the next generation for the challenges of pervasive service execution in different situations (e.g. while walking on the street or while ... Keywords: Human Computer Interaction (HCI), Location-based Services, Multimodality, Spoken Dialogue Systems

Patrick Nepper; Georg Treu; Axel Küpper

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Cooperative proxy caching for wireless base stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a mobile cache model to facilitate the cooperative proxy caching in wireless base stations. This mobile cache model uses a network cache line to record the caching state information about a web document for effective data search and ... Keywords: VPG, Wireless internet, base station, mobile cache model, network cache line, proxy caching

James Z. Wang; Zhidian Du; Pradip K. Srimani

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Query-Answering CG Knowledge Bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conceptual graphs are a good choice for constructing and exploiting a knowledge base. In several of our projects (semantic portal for e-tourism, exploitation of digital object corpus, etc.), we have to query such bases. So it is natural to consider queries ...

Michel Leclère; Nicolas Moreau

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Accelerating line extraction based on GPU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new line extraction accelerating algorithm based upon graphics processing units (GPUs) is presented. Several techniques are proposed to optimize the GPU computation. Among those improvements, the most important one is the use of "seed pixels", which ... Keywords: GPU, line extraction, parallel processing, phase-based grouping

Li Yu; Xiao'an Tang; Bo Tang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Opposition-based artificial bee colony algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm is a relatively new algorithm for function optimization. The algorithm is inspired by the foraging behavior of honey bees. In this work, the performance of ABC is enhanced by introducing the concept of opposition-based ... Keywords: benchmarking, black-box optimization, opposition-based learning, swarm intelligence

Mohammed El-Abd

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Web-Based Project Management Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Role-based access to system functions, from guests to system managers E-mail based reminder functions- nating time-consuming paper chases System support done by SwRI, including system maintenance, data backups, software patches, and information security The SwRI Project Information Management System (PIMS

Chapman, Clark R.

170

Bootstrapping path-based pronoun resolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach to pronoun resolution based on syntactic paths. Through a simple bootstrapping procedure, we learn the likelihood of coreference between a pronoun and a candidate noun based on the path in the parse tree between the two entities. ...

Shane Bergsma; Dekang Lin

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Price Discrimination Based on Downstream Regulation: Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-level regulation of the electricity market. Market power and price discrimination based on downstream regulation by evidence that state-level electricity market restructur- ing also affects the price power plants payPrice Discrimination Based on Downstream Regulation: Evidence from the Market for SO2 Scrubbers

Feigon, Brooke

172

Location-Based sponsored search advertising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of powerful mobile devices with built-in navigational capabilities and the adoption in most metropolitan areas of fast wireless communication protocols have recently created unprecedented opportunities for location-based advertising. ... Keywords: game theory, location-based advertising, nash equilibrium

George Trimponias, Ilaria Bartolini, Dimitris Papadias

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Vehicle Velocity Estimation Based on RSS Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a technique which is based on pattern recognition techniques, in order to estimate Mobile Terminal (MT) velocity. The proposed technique applies on received signal strength (RSS) measurements and more precisely on information extracted ... Keywords: HIDden Markov Model, WCDMA, clustering, location based services, pattern recognition, propagation modeling, traffic information

Theodore S. Stamoulakatos; Antonis S. Markopoulos; Miltiadis E. Anagnostou; Michalis E. Theologou

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Setting targets for surrogate-based optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of surrogate-based optimization (SBO), most designers have still very little guidance on when to stop and how to use infill measures with target requirements (e.g., one-stage approach for goal seeking and optimization); the reason: optimum ... Keywords: Extreme value theory, Minimum estimates from sample data, Setting targets, Surrogate-based optimization

Nestor V. Queipo; Salvador Pintos; Efrain Nava

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Stipend-based Internships | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stipend-based Stipend-based Internships Stipend-based Internships In addition to our Federal intern programs, The Department of Energy also offers several fellowships and stipend-based internship opportunities. These stipend-based programs are temporary positions and do not lead to a permanent Federal position. They offer insight into how the agency works and an opportunity to be part of innovation and technology, as well as gain hands-on experience while networking with other professionals. Only here, at Energy, can you learn about other professional opportunities and continue your career in science and innovation. DOE Scholars Program Location: Nationwide The DOE Scholars Program provides opportunities for college students and recent graduates to gain first-hand experience and training in the fields

176

Emulsion based cast booster - a priming system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the potential of emulsion based cast booster to be used as primer to initiate bulk delivered emulsion explosives used in mines. An attempt has been made for comparative study between conventional cast booster and emulsion based cast booster in terms of the initiation process developed and their capability to develop and maintain the stable detonation process in the column explosives. The study has been conducted using a continuous velocity of detonation (VOD) measuring instrument. During this study three blasts have been monitored. In each blast two holes have been selected for study, the first hole being initiated with conventional cast booster while the other one with emulsion based cast booster. The findings of the study advocates that emulsion based cast booster is capable of efficient priming of bulk delivered column explosive with stable detonation process in the column. Further, the booster had advantages over the conventional PETN/TNT based cast booster. 5 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab., 1 photo.

Gupta, R.N.; Mishra, A.K. [National Institute of Rock Mechanics, KGF (India)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Hilbert Transform-Based Bearing Failure Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hilbert Transform-Based Bearing Failure Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Yassine Amirat1 modulation, Hilbert transform. Nomenclature WT = Wind Turbine; DFIG = Doubly-Fed Induction Generator; HT

Brest, Université de

178

Dielectrophoresis-Based Discrimination of Bacteria at the Strain Level Based on Their Surface Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insulator-based dielectrophoresis can be used to manipulate biological particles, but has thus far found limited practical applications due to low sensitivity. We present linear sweep three-dimensional insulator-based ...

Willner, Dana

179

Comparing crowd-based, game-based, and machine-based approaches in initial query and query refinement tasks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human computation techniques have demonstrated their ability to accomplish portions of tasks that machine-based techniques find difficult. Query refinement is a task that may benefit from human involvement. We conduct an experiment that evaluates the ...

Christopher G. Harris; Padmini Srinivasan

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Base Resource Forecasts - Power Marketing - Sierra Nevada Region...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing > Base Resource Forecasts Base Resource Forecasts Note: Annual, rolling (monthly for 12 months), base resource forecasts are posted when they become available. Annual...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Market Profiles of Rail-Based Housing Projects in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sall. ]~gP~ Burtingame Pain Alto SanJose Rail-Rail-Rail- Rail- Rail- Based Surrounding Based Surrounding Based

Cervero, Robert; Menotti, Val

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

Schroeder, C. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

DOE's energy data base (EDB) versus other energy-related data bases: a comparative analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The release of the DOE Energy Data Base to commercial services in 1980 raised an immediate question in the minds of some searchers: how does this new data base fit into the spectrum of already-available data bases. Because the authors have been closely associated with the Department of Energy's RECON system and its data bases for several years, as trainers and as editor of the DOE/RECON Newsletter, the question was of great interest and we decided to investigate it.

Robinson, J.; Hu, M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Enhanced oil recovery projects data base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive enhanced oil recovery (EOR) project data base is maintained and updated at the Bartlesville Project Office of the Department of Energy. This data base provides an information resource that is used to analyze the advancement and application of EOR technology. The data base has extensive information on 1,388 EOR projects in 569 different oil fields from 1949 until the present, and over 90% of that information is contained in tables and graphs of this report. The projects are presented by EOR process, and an index by location is provided.

Pautz, J.F.; Sellers, C.A.; Nautiyal, C.; Allison, E.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Land-based turbine casting initiative  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To meet goals for the ATS program, technical advances developed for aircraft gas turbine engines need to be applied to land-based gas turbines. These advances include directionally solidified and single crystal castings, alloys tailored to exploit these microstructures, complex internal cooling schemes, and coatings. The proposed program to scale aircraft gas turbine casting technology up to land based gas turbine size components is based on low sulfur alloys, casting process development, post-cast process development, and establishing casting defect tolerance levels. The inspection side is also discussed.

Mueller, B.A.; Spicer, R.A. [Howmet Corp., Whitehall, MI (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Underwater localization based on multicarrier waveforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—In this paper, we investigate the problem of localizing an underwater sensor node based on message broadcasting from multiple surface nodes. With the time-of-arrival measurements from a DSP-based multicarrier modem, each sensor node localizes itself based on the travel time differences among multiple senders to the receiver. Using one-way message passing, such a solution can scalably accommodate a large number of nodes in a network. We present simulation results as well as preliminary testing results in a swimming pool and in a local lake. Surface buoys with GPS sensors self-localization via acoustic links I.

Patrick Carroll; Shengli Zhou; Hao Zhou; Jun-hong Cui; Peter Willett

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Towards accuracy of role-based access control configurations in component-based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Access control is a common concern in most software applications. In component-based systems, although developers can implement access control requirements (ACRs) by simply declaring role-based access control configurations (ACCs) of components, it is ... Keywords: Access control, Accuracy, Component-based system, Software architecture

Lianshan Sun; Gang Huang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

WEB-BASED PPS 9.3 WEB-BASED PAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEB-BASED PPS 9.3 WEB-BASED PAN 9.3--1 Payroll/Personnel System Web-Based PAN January 2010, University of California, Santa Cruz PPS User Manual Post Authorization Notification Functions (Web PAN) Note: This section covers web PAN features, but not general background or information about PAN. For detailed

Lee, Herbie

189

Integrating both Wikis and XML with case bases to facilitate case base development and maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case-based reasoning (CBR), as a promising technology for problem solving and decision support, has drawn considerable attention during the last 20years. As CBR systems become more frequently deployed in real-world situations and as large-scale case-bases ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Integration, Open XML, Wikis

Wu He; Lida Xu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Fault-based test suite prioritization for specification-based testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context: Existing test suite prioritization techniques usually rely on code coverage information or historical execution data that serve as indicators for estimating the fault-detecting ability of test cases. Such indicators are primarily empirical in ... Keywords: Fault class hierarchy, Fault-based prioritization, Fault-based testing, Software testing, Specification-based testing, Test suite prioritization

Yuen Tak Yu; Man Fai Lau

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

An architecture for component-based design of representative-based clustering algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an architecture for the design of representative-based clustering algorithms based on reusable components. These components were derived from K-means-like algorithms and their extensions. With the suggested clustering design architecture, ... Keywords: Architecture, Generic algorithm, K-means, Representative-based clustering algorithms, Reusable component

Boris Delibaši?; Milan Vuki?evi?; Miloš Jovanovi?; Kathrin Kirchner; Johannes Ruhland; Milija Suknovi?

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2012 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

193

Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Hazardous devices teams test their maneuvering skills July 1, 2013 Students from Valarde Middle School won the video competition in the Best in Show and Middle School categories. They are shown here with sixth-grade teacher Jimmy Lara. During the Robot Rodeo, an unseen operator attempts to conduct reconnaissance and rescue injured personnel Contact Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Police and public safety teams from as far away as New Jersey recently convened in Albuquerque to test their ability to remotely deploy robots

194

Photonics-based Multi-gas Sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The design of a photonics-based multi-gas sensor is presented. Absorption spectroscopy theory has been analyzed to derive key requirements for effective gas concentration measurements. HITRAN… (more)

Matharoo, Inderdeep

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A Web-based Question Answering System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Web is apparently an ideal source of answers to a large variety of questions, due to the tremendous amount of information available online. This paper describes a Web-based question answering system LAMP, which is ...

Zhang, Dell

196

Process-Based Quality (PBQ) Tools Development  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this effort is to benchmark the development of process-based quality tools for application in CAD (computer-aided design) model-based applications. The processes of interest are design, manufacturing, and quality process applications. A study was commissioned addressing the impact, current technologies, and known problem areas in application of 3D MCAD (3-dimensional mechanical computer-aided design) models and model integrity on downstream manufacturing and quality processes. The downstream manufacturing and product quality processes are profoundly influenced and dependent on model quality and modeling process integrity. The goal is to illustrate and expedite the modeling and downstream model-based technologies for available or conceptual methods and tools to achieve maximum economic advantage and advance process-based quality concepts.

Cummins, J.L.

2001-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

197

Service-based Collaborative Workflow for DAME  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper reports on research to design and implement a service-based, secure collaborative workflow system for Distributed Aircraft Maintenance Environment (DAME). This has been developed by the Universities of York, Sheffield, Oxford and Leeds, and ...

Duncan Russell; Peter Dew; Karim Djemame

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

EOF-Based Linear Prediction Algorithm: Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study considers the theory of a general three-dimensional (space and time) statistical prediction/extrapolation algorithm. The predictor is in the form of a linear data filter. The prediction kernel is based on the minimization of prediction ...

Kwang-Y. Kim; Gerald R. North

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Network-based Strategies and Competencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 This paper is based on several papers written jointly with Geoffrey Heal as well material that was distributed at a conference on Interdependent Security (IDS: Theory and Practice) co-organized with David

Howard Kunreuther

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A T-EOF Based Prediction Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new statistical time series prediction method based on temporal empirical orthogonal function (T-EOF) is introduced in this study. This method first applies singular spectrum analysis (SSA) to extract dominant T-EOFs from historical data. Then, ...

Yung-An Lee

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Lexicon-based methods for sentiment analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a lexicon-based approach to extracting sentiment from text. The Semantic Orientation CALculator (SO-CAL) uses dictionaries of words annotated with their semantic orientation (polarity and strength), and incorporates intensification and negation. ...

Maite Taboada; Julian Brooke; Milan Tofiloski; Kimberly Voll; Manfred Stede

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Multiphase Strengthened Nickel Base Superalloys Containing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

treatment and aging techniques. Table II: Compositi ions of Alloys Investigated. Alloy. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Base. ' + HfC. Alloy 1. Y+Y'+. IN-100. MERL 76. Corn pos ition.

203

Method for sequencing DNA base pairs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The base pairs of a DNA structure are sequenced with the use of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The DNA structure is scanned by the STM probe tip, and, as it is being scanned, the DNA structure is separately subjected to a sequence of infrared radiation from four different sources, each source being selected to preferentially excite one of the four different bases in the DNA structure. Each particular base being scanned is subjected to such sequence of infrared radiation from the four different sources as that particular base is being scanned. The DNA structure as a whole is separately imaged for each subjection thereof to radiation from one only of each source. 6 figures.

Sessler, A.M.; Dawson, J.

1993-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

204

Experimental Demonstration of Dielectric Structure Based Two...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the experimental results of the dielectric based two beam accelerator (step-up transformer). By using a single high charge beam, we have generated and extracted a high power...

205

Human activity recognition based on surrounding things  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes human activity recognition based on the actual semantics of the human’s current location. Since predefining the semantics of location is inadequate to identify human activities, we process information about things to automatically ...

Naoharu Yamada; Kenji Sakamoto; Goro Kunito; Kenichi Yamazaki; Satoshi Tanaka

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

OPTIMIZATION OF RUNNING STRATEGIES BASED ON ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

determine his speed in order to run a given distance in the shortest time. ... based on the equation of motion and aerobic energy, to include a balance of ..... associated cost converges to the one associated with ? . The conclusion follows.

207

Password based key exchange with mutual authentication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reasonably efficient password based key exchange (KE) protocol with provable security without random oracle was recently proposed by Katz, et al. [17] and later by Gennaro and Lindell [13]. However, these protocols do not support mutual authentication ...

Shaoquan Jiang; Guang Gong

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Dealing with world-model-based programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce POINTY, an interactive system for constructing world-model-based programs for robots. POINTY combines an interactive programming environment with the teaching-by-guiding methodology that has been successful in industrial robotics. Owing ...

Giuseppina C. Gini; M. L. Gini

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Improved method for sequencing DNA base pairs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The base pairs of a DNA structure are sequenced with the use of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The DNA structure is scanned by the STM probe tip, and, as it is being scanned, the DNA structure is separately subjected to a sequence of infrared radiation from four different sources, each source being selected to preferentially excite one of the four different bases in the DNA structure. Each particular base being scanned is subjected to such sequence of infrared radiation from the four different sources as that particular base is being scanned. The DNA structure as a whole is separately imaged for each subjection thereof to radiation from one only of each source. 1 ref.

Sessler, A.M.; Dawson, J.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

210

Improved method for sequencing DNA base pairs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The base pairs of a DNA structure are sequenced with the use of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The DNA structure is scanned by the STM probe tip, and, as it is being scanned, the DNA structure is separately subjected to a sequence of infrared radiation from four different sources, each source being selected to preferentially excite one of the four different bases in the DNA structure. Each particular base being scanned is subjected to such sequence of infrared radiation from the four different sources as that particular base is being scanned. The DNA structure as a whole is separately imaged for each subjection thereof to radiation from one only of each source. 1 ref.

Sessler, A.M.; Dawson, J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Blind multiuser detection based on kernel approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kernel based multiuser detection (MUD) scheme in code-division multiple-access (CDMA) system is proposed. In this scheme, the support vector (SV) under support vector (SVM) framework is obtained through a kernel sparsity approximation, which regulates ...

Tao Yang; Bo Hu

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Searchable Knowledge Map Based on Ontology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge visualization and retrieval are the key techniques to implement effective knowledge management. Traditional research on knowledge map emphasizes on building global view of knowledge base, but ignores its support to knowledge retrieval. In this ... Keywords: knowledge map, search, ontology

Qi Xiong; Yingling Wang; Jianmei Guo; Guilin Wu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Biotechnology Based Processes for Arsenic Removal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Selective Recovery of Gold from E-wastes by Using Cellulosic Wastes · Stabilization of Chromium-Based Slags with FeS2 and FeSO4 · Sulphide Precipitation ...

214

Commercialization of germanium based nanocrystal memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the commercialization of germanium-based nanocrystal memories. Demand for smaller and faster electronics and embedded systems supports the development of high-density, low-power non-volatile electronic ...

Seow, Kian Chiew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Cluster-Based Adaptive and Batch Filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on the Web, using both 'traditional' search engine [5] and agent-based techniques [6, 7 ... led us to modify the single set-of- clusters model, creating a ...

216

FRAMEWORK FOR AGENT-BASED ROLE DELEGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a framework for addressing the administration of role delegation introduced in the wellknown role-based access control model (RBAC). More specifically, this paper describes how a third party, called an agent, can administer the delegation of roles on behalf of a user who is a member of a certain role and wishes to delegate his role to another user who belongs to another role. Furthermore, this paper describes a framework of reference to systematically address the diverse manifestations of the agent-based delegation, such as Role participant agent, Non-role participant agent, Static, and Dynamic types of delegation and introduces an agent-based delegation model that illustrates delegation based on non-role participant delegation.

Ezedin Barka; Ravi Sandhu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Energy Basics: Bio-Based Products  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

products, are not only made from renewable sources, but they also often require less energy to produce than petroleum-based ones. Researchers have discovered that the process for...

218

Tile-based methods for interactive applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last years, several techniques have been demonstrated that rely on tile-based methods. A lot of interactive applications could potentially benefit from these techniques. However, the state-of-the-art is scattered over several publications, and ...

Ares Lagae; Craig S. Kaplan; Chi-Wing Fu; Victor Ostromoukhov; Oliver Deussen

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

COBEA: a CORBA-based event architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Events are an emerging paradigm for composing applications in an open, heterogeneous distributed world. In Cambridge we have developed scalable event handling based on a publish-register-notify model with event object classes and server-side filtering ...

Chaoying Ma; Jean Bacon

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Phosphorylation based insulation devices design and implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the analysis of a phosphorylation based insulation device implemented in Saccharomyces cerevisae and the minimization of the retroactivity to the input and retroactivity to the output of a single cycle ...

Rivera Ortiz, Phillip M. (Phillip Michael)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Image Based Rendering Using Algebraic Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an image-based rendering system using algebraic relations between different views of an object. The system uses pictures of an object taken from known positions. Given three such images it can ...

Evgeniou, Theodoros

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Agent-Based Modeling of Intracellular Transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop an agent-based model of the motion and pattern formation of vesicles. These intracellular particles can be found in four different modes of (undirected and directed) motion and can fuse with other vesicles. While the size of vesicles follows a log-normal distribution that changes over time due to fusion processes, their spatial distribution gives rise to distinct patterns. Their occurrence depends on the concentration of proteins which are synthesized based on the transcriptional activities of some genes. Hence, differences in these spatio-temporal vesicle patterns allow indirect conclusions about the (unknown) impact of these genes. By means of agent-based computer simulations we are able to reproduce such patterns on real temporal and spatial scales. Our modeling approach is based on Brownian agents with an internal degree of freedom, $\\theta$, that represents the different modes of motion. Conditions inside the cell are modeled by an effective potential that differs for agents dependent on their...

Birbaumer, Mirko; 10.1140/epjb/e2011-20283-x

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Value based analysis of acquisition portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, program-funding allocation is based on program performance. Funding cuts commonly lead to a poor reflection on the program management assigned to the given program. If additional factors such as program risk and ...

Burgess, Cheri Nicole Markt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Preprocessing based statistical segmentation of MRA dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a preprocessing mask technique based statistical mixture components segmentation method for extracting blood vessels from brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) dataset. The voxels whose intensity is high in the dataset belong ... Keywords: MIP, MRA, statistical segmentation

Fucang Jia; Shaorong Wang; Liyan Liu; Hua Li

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Tornado Detection Based on Seismic Signal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the present time the only generally accepted method for detecting when a tornado is on the ground is human observation. Based on theoretical considerations combined with eyewitness testimony, there is strong reason to believe that a tornado in ...

Frank B. Tatom; Kevin R. Knupp; Stanley J. Vitton

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Model-Based Sampling and Inference  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Model-Based Sampling, Inference and Imputation Model-Based Sampling, Inference and Imputation James R. Knaub, Jr., Energy Information Administration, EI-53.1 James.Knaub@eia.doe.gov Key Words: Survey statistics, Randomization, Conditionality, Random sampling, Cutoff sampling Abstract: Picking a sample through some randomization mechanism, such as random sampling within groups (stratified random sampling), or, say, sampling every fifth item (systematic random sampling), may be familiar to a lot of people. These are design-based samples. Estimates of means and totals for an entire population may be inferred from such a sample, along with estimation of the amount of error that might be expected. However, inference based on a sample and its (modeled) relationship to other data may be less familiar. If there is enough

227

Injury assessment for physics-based characters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determining injury levels for virtual characters is an important aspect of many games. For characters that are animated using simulated physics, it is possible assess injury levels based on physical properties, such as accelerations and forces. We have ...

Thomas Geijtenbeek; Diana Vasilescu; Arjan Egges

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Characteristics Data Base: Programmer's guide to the LWR Quantities Data Base  

SciTech Connect

The LWR Quantities Data Base is a menu-driven PC data base developed as part of OCRWM's waste, technical data base on the characteristics of potential repository wastes, which also includes non-LWR spent fuel, high-level and other materials. This programmer's guide completes the documentation for the LWR Quantities Data Base, the user's guide having been published previously. The PC data base itself may be requested from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, using the order form provided in Volume 1 of publication DOE/RW-0184.

Jones, K.E. (DataPhile, Inc., Knoxville, TN (USA)); Moore, R.S. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Whole Building Performance-Based Procurement Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Whole Building Performance-Based Whole Building Performance-Based Procurement Training TDM - Shalon Brown (BTO) Shanti Pless National Renewable Energy Laboratory Shanti.Pless@nrel.gov 303-384-6365 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Definition Replicating NREL/DOE procurement process successes in reaching 50% building energy savings at typical construction costs, by: - Creating a how-to guide that outlines the entire acquisition process, including: setting a building energy requirement, project

230

Condition-Based Maintenance Program Coordinator Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Condition-based maintenance (CBM) is an important component of an effective plant equipment reliability (ER) program, and in support of plant activities and undertakings in this area, in 2011 EPRI and an industry Technical Advisory Group (TAG) collaborated to produce the Condition-Based Maintenance Guideline (EPRI product 1022957). That document, a revision of the earlier four-volume Predictive Maintenance Guidelines, clearly defines the CBM process and serves as a core resource on ...

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

User's Guide to Cooling Systems Data Base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bibliographical computerized data base related to cooling system impacts on aquatic environments were compiled by the Information Center Complex at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Atomic Industrial Forum, Inc. (AIF). The data base covers four major subject areas: thermal effects, chemical effects, impingement, and entrainment. The ORNL portion of the project covers published literature, including government and university reports, conference proceedings, and trade journals. The AIF portion...

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

JAVA based LCD Reconstruction and Analysis Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We summarize the current status and future developments of the North American Group's Java-based system for studying physics and detector design issues at a linear collider. The system is built around Java Analysis Studio (JAS) an experiment-independent Java-based utility for data analysis. Although the system is an integrated package running in JAS, many parts of it are also standalone Java utilities.

Bower, G.

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

233

Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and composite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400{degrees}C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts, or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.

Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Moorhead, A.J.

1991-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two preprints per day ever since. With a maximum superconducting transition temperature (so far) of 55 K, it is natural to wonder if studying the new materials will help uncover one of the deepest mysteries in modern physics-the mechanism of superconductivity in the copper-based "high-temperature superconductors." One clue lies in whether the electrons in the new superconductors are as highly correlated as they are in the high-temperature superconductors. A truly international North American/European/Asian collaboration working at the ALS has now reported results from a combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, and systematic theoretical simulations of iron-based superconductors. The team was able to settle the correlations debate by showing that electrons in the iron-based families that were studied favor itinerant (delocalized) states with only moderate correlations.

235

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two preprints per day ever since. With a maximum superconducting transition temperature (so far) of 55 K, it is natural to wonder if studying the new materials will help uncover one of the deepest mysteries in modern physics-the mechanism of superconductivity in the copper-based "high-temperature superconductors." One clue lies in whether the electrons in the new superconductors are as highly correlated as they are in the high-temperature superconductors. A truly international North American/European/Asian collaboration working at the ALS has now reported results from a combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, and systematic theoretical simulations of iron-based superconductors. The team was able to settle the correlations debate by showing that electrons in the iron-based families that were studied favor itinerant (delocalized) states with only moderate correlations.

236

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two preprints per day ever since. With a maximum superconducting transition temperature (so far) of 55 K, it is natural to wonder if studying the new materials will help uncover one of the deepest mysteries in modern physics-the mechanism of superconductivity in the copper-based "high-temperature superconductors." One clue lies in whether the electrons in the new superconductors are as highly correlated as they are in the high-temperature superconductors. A truly international North American/European/Asian collaboration working at the ALS has now reported results from a combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, and systematic theoretical simulations of iron-based superconductors. The team was able to settle the correlations debate by showing that electrons in the iron-based families that were studied favor itinerant (delocalized) states with only moderate correlations.

237

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two preprints per day ever since. With a maximum superconducting transition temperature (so far) of 55 K, it is natural to wonder if studying the new materials will help uncover one of the deepest mysteries in modern physics-the mechanism of superconductivity in the copper-based "high-temperature superconductors." One clue lies in whether the electrons in the new superconductors are as highly correlated as they are in the high-temperature superconductors. A truly international North American/European/Asian collaboration working at the ALS has now reported results from a combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, and systematic theoretical simulations of iron-based superconductors. The team was able to settle the correlations debate by showing that electrons in the iron-based families that were studied favor itinerant (delocalized) states with only moderate correlations.

238

SCIENTIFIC EFFICIENCY OF GROUND-BASED TELESCOPES  

SciTech Connect

I scanned the six major astronomical journals of 2008 for all 1589 papers that are based on new data obtained from ground-based optical/IR telescopes worldwide. Then I collected data on numbers of papers, citations to them in 3+ years, the most-cited papers, and annual operating costs. These data are assigned to four groups by telescope aperture. For instance, while the papers from telescopes with an aperture >7 m average 1.29 more citations than those with an aperture of 2 to <4 m, this represents a small return for a factor of four difference in operating costs. Among the 17 papers that have received {>=}100 citations in 3+ years, only half come from the large (>7 m) telescopes. I wonder why the large telescopes do so relatively poorly and suggest possible reasons. I also found that papers based on archival data, such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, produce 10.6% as many papers and 20.6% as many citations as those based on new data. Also, the 577.2 papers based on radio data produced 36.3% as many papers and 33.6% as many citations as the 1589 papers based on optical/IR telescopes.

Abt, Helmut A., E-mail: abt@noao.edu [Kitt Peak National Observatory, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two preprints per day ever since. With a maximum superconducting transition temperature (so far) of 55 K, it is natural to wonder if studying the new materials will help uncover one of the deepest mysteries in modern physics-the mechanism of superconductivity in the copper-based "high-temperature superconductors." One clue lies in whether the electrons in the new superconductors are as highly correlated as they are in the high-temperature superconductors. A truly international North American/European/Asian collaboration working at the ALS has now reported results from a combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, and systematic theoretical simulations of iron-based superconductors. The team was able to settle the correlations debate by showing that electrons in the iron-based families that were studied favor itinerant (delocalized) states with only moderate correlations.

240

Grain & Wood Based Technologies for Production of Ethanol  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Outline Sources of Ethanol Grain Based Dry Mill Process Cellulosic Based Processes Costs Conclusions The Production of Ethanol Bioethanol ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Modified blame-based noise reduction for concept drift  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Competence enhancement plays an important role in case-base editing. Traditional competence enhancement methods tend to omit the evolving nature of a case-based learner, but take the whole case-base as a static training set. This may seriously delay ... Keywords: case-base editing, case-base maintenance, case-based reasoning, competence enhancement, concept drift

Ning Lu; Guangquan Zhang; Jie Lu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Maintaining Footprint-Based Retrieval for Case Deletion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effectiveness and efficiency of case-based reasoning (CBR) systems depend largely on the success of case-based retrieval. The case-base maintenance (CBM) issues become imperative and important especially for modern societies. This paper proposes ... Keywords: case-based maintenance, case-based reasoning, competence models, footprint-based retrieval

Ning Lu; Jie Lu; Guangquan Zhang

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

High fidelity field simulations using density and pressure based approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density-based and pressure-based approaches in solving the Navier-Stokes equations for computational field simulations for compressible and incompressible flows have been presented. For the density-based flow solver, a generalized grid based framework ... Keywords: CFD, Density-based method, Pressure-based method

Gary C. Cheng; Roy P. Koomullil; Bharat K. Soni

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Definition: Base Load | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Load Load Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Base Load The minimum amount of electric power delivered or required over a given period at a constant rate.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Baseload (also base load, or baseload demand) is the minimum amount of power that a utility or distribution company must make available to its customers, or the amount of power required to meet minimum demands based on reasonable expectations of customer requirements. Baseload values typically vary from hour to hour in most commercial and industrial areas. Related Terms electricity generation, power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from

245

Glycoside hydrolases: Catalytic base/nucleophile diversity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glycoside Glycoside Hydrolases: Catalytic Base/Nucleophile Diversity Thu V. Vuong, David B. Wilson Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, 458 Biotechnology Building, Ithaca, New York 14850; telephone: 607-255-5706; fax: 607-255-2428; e-mail: dbw3@cornell.edu Received 1 April 2010; revision received 27 May 2010; accepted 2 June 2010 Published online 15 June 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI 10.1002/bit.22838 ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that a number of glycoside hydrolase families do not follow the classical catalytic mechanisms, as they lack a typical catalytic base/ nucleophile. A variety of mechanisms are used to replace this function, including substrate-assisted catalysis, a network of several residues, and the use of non-carboxylate residues or exogenous nucleophiles. Removal of the catalytic base/ nucleophile

246

Microsoft Word - CPARS Web Based Training Modules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 2010 1 March 2010 1 There are 5 web based training modules for Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS), Architect-Engineer Contract Administration Support Systems (ACASS), and Construction Contractor Appraisal Support System (CCASS). This on-line web based training is an interactive online classroom for the delivery of live training. There is no investment in software required. Web based training classes and the schedule for CPARS, ACASS, and CCASS classes are at http://www.cpars.csd.disa.mil/allapps/cpartrng/webtrain/webtrain_all.htm. The modules are as follows: 1 - ACASS/CCASS Overview (2 hours) (1 Continuous Learning Point) This training will give the student an overview of the policies and regulations governing ACASS/CCASS, the ACASS/CCASS Workflow, and ACASS/CCASS Application

247

Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ellsworth Air Force Base Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project A Partnership between Ellsworth AFB and MDU Resources Group, Inc. to install advanced metering on all large buildings on EAFB  Based in Bismarck, North Dakota  Celebrated our 85 th year in 2009  NYSE - MDU for over 60 years  Over $4B market cap  Fortune 500 Company  Member of the S&P MidCap 400 Index  Over 8,000 employees in 44 states  Business Lines:  Energy  Utility Resources  Construction Materials  Construction Materials  Energy  Oil and Gas Production  Utility Resources  Natural Gas Pipelines  Construction Services  Electric / Natural Gas Utilities  Utility Resources  Montana - Dakota Utilities Co.  Cascade Natural Gas Co.  Intermountain Gas Corporation

248

Ecosystem-based Management of Pacific Tunas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecosystem-based management is fast becoming the way to solve all the nation's fishery problems. It will rebuild fish stocks, eliminate bycatch, and halt habitat destruction; it will fix jurisdictional mismatches and encourage community participation; it will satisfy environmentalists and please fishermen. These are lofty expectations for a concept that few can explain. However, managers are still if it applies to all fisheries. To resolve this, I examined ecosystem-based management in the context of the United State’s yellowfin and bigeye fisheries and suggested ecosystem-based approaches to managing this fishery. EBM is the management of human behavior in a way that maintains healthy and productive ecosystems for present and future generations. Its main themes include: maintaining ecological integrity, matching ecological and governance boundaries, and recognizing humans as a part of the ecosystem. Using ecosystem approaches to management offers several benefits to fisheries managers, including: a tool to address non-fishing related causes for declining fisheries,

Lia Protopapadakis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Home-based Shared Virtual Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I investigate how to improve the performance of shared virtual memory (SVM) by examining consistency models, protocols, hardware support and applications. The main conclusion of this research is that the performance of shared virtual memory can be significantly improved when performance-enhancing techniques from all these areas are combined. This dissertation proposes home-based lazy release consistency as a simple, effective, and scalable way to build shared virtual memory systems. In home-based protocols each shared page has a home to which all writes are propagated and from which all copies are derived. Two home-based protocols are described, implemented and evaluated on two hardware and software platforms: Automatic Update Release Consistency (AURC), which requires hardware support for fine-grained remote writes (automatic updates), and Homebased Lazy Release Consistency (HLRC), which is implemented exclusively in software. The dissertation investigates the ...

Liviu Iftode

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Powerpedia Based Silent Auction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Powerpedia Based Silent Auction Powerpedia Based Silent Auction Powerpedia Based Silent Auction December 6, 2012 2:00PM EST Online in Powerpedia UPDATE: the Powerpedia Silent Auction has been extended by three weeks. Bids will end on November 15th for previously bid on items, but a second round of auction items will be added with an end date of December 6th. The Office of the Chief Financial Officer is pleased to announce DOE's first-ever online Combined Federal Campaign silent auction. Powerpedia was selected as the platform for the CFO Silent Auction to provide maximum exposure and competition for our auction while fostering greater familiarity with Powerpedia, a powerful knowledge sharing application. The items offered for auction represent a juried selection from CF donations. Official 2012 DOE CFC WebsiteAfter signing up for a login, bidders can edit

251

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

30, 2009 Sergei Zhiltsov, “SNG ugotovlena uchast sanitarnogoof petrodollars, Sergei Zhiltsov, “SNG ugotovlena uchastthan they would Lev Moskvin, SNG: Raspad ili vozrozhdenie?

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Financial Impacts of Achieving Aggressive EE Program Savings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculator Analysis Approach: Benefits Calculator U ili Ch i i Model Inputs N N EE Scenario Analysis Utility Shareholder Model Outputs Utility Characterization EE Portfolio...

253

Real-WoRld Technology TesTs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

near Casper, Wyoming. INTRODUCTION Considering that the majority of US land oil wells are produced through artifi- cial lift, there is an increasing need to eas- ily...

254

Tribological Characterization of Carbon Based Solid Lubricants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High performance machines such as gas turbine engines demand efficient solid lubricants at high temperature and in vacuum. The current conventional solid lubricants need to be further improved. This research evaluates carbon based solid lubricants using a high vacuum, high temperature pin-on-disc tribometer. The objectives of this research were to develop an understanding of the tribological properties of solid lubricant coatings under extreme operating conditions, and to determine whether using a carbon based solid lubricant would be acceptable for use in those conditions. Experimentally, two solid lubricant coatings on tungsten carbide substrate were tested against two different materials. The coatings were carbon based and molybdenum disulfide based. The other materials were 440C stainless steel and tungsten carbide. The temperature, pressure, and relative humidity are independent variables. The results showed that the carbon based coating increases friction and wears out quickly due to high temperature, high vacuum, and low humidity. Abrasive wear is the dominating mechanism. At elevated temperatures and in dry environment, the carbon based coating underwent significant oxidation and phase transformation. This research is beneficial for future design and development of solid lubricants for aerospace applications, as well as other industries requiring lubricants that must operate in extreme conditions. This thesis includes five chapters. Chapter I is an introduction to tribology and to the materials being used in this research. Chapter II describes the motivation and objectives behind this research. Chapter III discusses the experimental procedure and further explains the materials used. Chapter IV presents and discusses the results obtained. Chapter V discusses the major conclusions obtained from the results and offers some future work that may be conducted concerning this research.

Sanchez, Carlos Joel

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Guidance Concerning Enforcement of EISA 2007 Standards Candelabra Base and Intermediate Base Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) imposed energy conservation standards for candelabra and intermediate base lamps, and those provisions became effective with the statute.

256

Posters Ground-Based Radiometric Observations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Ground-Based Radiometric Observations of Atmospheric Water for Climate Research J. B. Snider, D. A. Hazen, A. J. Francavilla, W. B. Madsen, and M. D. Jacobson National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction Surface-based microwave and infrared radiometers have been employed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Technology Laboratory (NOAA/ETL) in climate research since 1987. The ability of these systems to operate continuously and unattended for extended periods of time has provided significant new information on atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid. These data are being employed to improve our understanding of cloud-radiation feedback mechanisms, an understanding

257

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements and Radiosonde Comparisons During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquil, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Y. Han Science System Applications National Aeronautics Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Keihm Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Introduction During September to October 2000, a water vapor intensive operational period (WVIOP) was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and

258

Spectral solar radiation data base documentation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), Electric Power Research Institute, Florida Solar Energy Center, and Pacific Gas and Electric Company cooperated to produce a spectral solar radiation data base representing a range of atmospheric conditions. These data will help to characterize the neutral variability in the spectral (color) content to outdoor solar radiation so that the sensitivity of spectrally selective solar devices (such as photovoltaics) to these variations can be studied quantitatively. Volume 1 of this report documents the history, approach, content, and format of the data base; Volume 2 contains graphs and field notes for each of the spectral data sets. The data reside on magnetic tape at SERI.

Riordan, C.J.; Myers, D.R.; Hulstrom, R.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Barstow isolation and meteorological data base  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A data base containing insolation and meteorological parameters at 15 minute intervals for the entire year of 1976 at Barstow, California has been prepared on computer compatible magnetic tape. The observed insolation values obtained by the Southern California Edison Company and meteorological values obtained by the Federal Aviation Agency which form the data base have been carefully checked for internal consistency. The data tape is written in a modified form of the SOLMET format and is available from The Aerospace Corporation. The data included on the tape, the sources of the data, and any editing performed on the data itself are described in detail.

Randall, C. M.

1978-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

260

REDUCED ENERGY CONSUMPTION THROUGH PROJECTILE BASED EXCAVATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Projectile Based Excavation (ProjEX) program has as its goal, the reduction of energy required for production mining and secondary breakage through the use of a projectile based excavation system. It depends on the development of a low cost family of projectiles that will penetrate and break up different types of ore/rock and a low cost electric launch system. The electric launch system will eliminate the need for high cost propellant investigated for similar concepts in the past. This document reports on the progress made in the program during the past quarter. It reports on projectile development and the development of the electric launch system design.

Mark Machina

2002-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Blasting Vibration Forecast Base on Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of blasting vibration to surroundings around the blasting area can not be ignored, in order to guarantee the safety of surroundings around blasting area, blasting vibration forecasting model based on neural network is established by improved ... Keywords: Blasting vibration, Neural network, Forecast

Haiwang Ye; Fang Liu; Jian Chang; Lin Feng; Yang Wang; Peng Yao; Kai Wu

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

HLDB: location-based services in databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces HLDB, the first practical system that can answer exact spatial queries on continental road networks entirely within a database. HLDB is based on hub labels (HL), the fastest point-to-point algorithm for road networks, and ... Keywords: SQL, databases, large road networks, location services

Ittai Abraham; Daniel Delling; Amos Fiat; Andrew V. Goldberg; Renato F. Werneck

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

PBAC: Probe-Based Admission Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different end-to-end measurement based admission control (MBAC) schemes have recently been proposed to support quality of service for real-time data. All these designs share the idea of decentralizing the admission decision by requiring each end host ...

Ignacio Más Ivars; Gunnar Karlsson

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Web-based metadata schema repository  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The metadata schema of a digital archive describes the structure and attributes of metadata. Analysis and definition of metadata schema for a new digital archive must be carefully carried out and determined at the first stage of development. To ease ... Keywords: digital archive, extensible markup language, hyperText markup language, metadata schema repository, native XML database, web-based

Yen-Chun Lin; Hsiang-An Wang; Chien-Chung Huang; Wei Chen

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Symbolic Test Selection Based on Approximate Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Symbolic Test Selection Based on Approximate Analysis Bertrand Jeannet, Thierry J´eron, Vlad Rusu}@irisa.fr Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of generating symbolic test cases for testing the conformance. The challenge we consider is the selection of test cases according to a test purpose, which is here a set

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

266

POLLINATOR CONSERVATION Action based on evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLLINATOR CONSERVATION Action based on evidence At Cambridge University, we are bringing together a large group of people with an interest in pollinator conservation, including businesses from food a Pollinator Conservation Delivery Group. They will collectively identify shared priorities for action

Foster, William A.

267

Correspondence as energy-based segmentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We pose the correspondence problem as one of energy-based segmentation. In this framework, correspondence assigns each pixel in an image to exactly one of several non-overlapping regions, and it also computes a displacement function for each region. ... Keywords: Affine, Correspondence, Energy minimization, Graph cuts, Motion, Multiway-cut, Segmentation, Stereo

Stanley T. Birchfield; Braga Natarajan; Carlo Tomasi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Reduct based Q-learning: an introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces an approach to Reinforcement Learning Algorithm by introducing reduct concept of rough set methodology using a variation of Q-Learning algorithm. Unlike the conventional Q-Learning, the proposed algorithm calculates the reduct from ... Keywords: Q-learning method, reduct and reduct based Q-learning, reinforcement learning, rough set

Punit Pandey; Deepshikha Pandey

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Resilient microring resonator based photonic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microring resonator-based photonic interconnects are being considered for both on-chip and off-chip communication in order to satisfy the power and bandwidth requirements of future large scale chip multiprocessors. However, microring resonators are prone ... Keywords: fault model, microring, photonic interconnect, resilience

Christopher J. Nitta; Matthew K. Farrens; Venkatesh Akella

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Web-Based Industrial Energy Management Tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes continuing research on the Industrial Energy Management Tool (IEMT), a web-based software resource intended for the evaluation of industrial energy efficiency measures. The IEMT software development is ongoing, and this report covers the status of an alpha tool that has already been created and plans for moving forward with development of a beta product.

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

271

Transmission line protection based on travelling waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major problem of tripping signal of a relay based on steady state component does not warranty faster tripping schemes for protection of extra high voltage transmission lines. Proposed work has made an attempt to find solution to the problem of fault ... Keywords: postfault voltage, relaying signals, surge impedence, transmission line protection, travelling waves

Anuradha S. Deshpande; Grishma S. Shah

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A coherence model based on syntactic patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a model of coherence which captures the intentional discourse structure in text. Our work is based on the hypothesis that syntax provides a proxy for the communicative goal of a sentence and therefore the sequence of sentences in a coherent ...

Annie Louis; Ani Nenkova

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

PCN-based measured rate termination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overload in a packet-based network can be prevented by admitting or blocking new flows depending on its load conditions. However, overload can occur in spite of admission control due to unforseen events, e.g., when admitted traffic is rerouted in the ... Keywords: Admission control, Differentiated services, Flow termination, QoS, Resilience

Michael Menth; Frank Lehrieder

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Village Base Station Kurtis Heimerl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deployment due to low power requirements that enable local generation via solar or wind; · explicit support. At around 20W, its power consumption is low enough to avoid diesel genera- tors and the corresponding damaging equipment [2]. We propose operating the entire base station on solely wind or solar power, which

California at Berkeley, University of

275

Vision-based production of personalized video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a novel vision-based system for the automated production of personalized video souvenirs for visitors in leisure and cultural heritage venues. Visitors are visually identified and tracked through a camera network. The system ... Keywords: Automated content production, Human identification, Tracking

D. I. Kosmopoulos; A. Doulamis; A. Makris; N. Doulamis; S. Chatzis; S. E. Middleton

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Microcontroller based H2C future car  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a microcontroller based Hydrogen fuel generation and control system for automobiles. It provides the mechanism to generate hydrogen as a fuel from abundantly present terrestrial resource water using electrolysis. This paper uses ATmega16 ... Keywords: AVR microcontroller, hydrogen fuel cell

N. Thakur; S. Gupta

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

MARKET BASED K.G. DULEEP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and maintenance are both important. Propane and CNG are NOT "cleaner burning". RSD is a very good tool but ... Measured grams pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department inventories · Only need one week of work and fuel sales to get fuel based emissions inventories · RSD

278

Information market based recommender systems fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recommender Systems have emerged as a way to tackle the overload of information reflected in the increasing volume of information artefacts in the web and elsewhere. Recommender Systems analyse existing information on the user activities in order to ... Keywords: collaborative filtering, content-based recommendation, ensemble recommenders, information markets

Efthimios Bothos; Konstantinos Christidis; Dimitris Apostolou; Gregoris Mentzas

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Activity-Based Costing for Electric Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Activity-Based costing (ABC) is a cost-management approach that can help utility managers make better decisions through more-accurate process and product cost information and a better understanding of activities that either do or do not add value. This report is a primer on ABC.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Web based integrated models for participatory planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper focuses on the development of an integrated assessment model that embeds the web dimension and aims at increasing awareness in society, especially on environmental issues. The model incorporates features that make it capable of promoting ... Keywords: greenhouse gas emissions, increasing awareness, integrated assessment models, web based participatory integrated assessment models

Grammatikogiannis Elias; Maria Giaoutzi

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Asymmetric pricing: an agent based model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asymmetric pricing is the tendency of prices to rise readily and fall slowly. Explanations of asymmetric pricing mention monopoly power, costs of changing prices or spreading information, and elasticity differences. In this paper we describe a general ... Keywords: agent based simulation, asymmetric pricing, competitive equilibria, microeconomy

Federico Cecconi; Domenico Parisi

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Physically based modeling and animation of fire  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a physically based method for modeling and animating fire. Our method is suitable for both smooth (laminar) and turbulent flames, and it can be used to animate the burning of either solid or gas fuels. We use the incompressible Navier-Stokes ... Keywords: blackbody radiation, chemical reaction, fire, flames, implicit surface, incompressible flow, smoke, stable fluids, vorticity confinement

Duc Quang Nguyen; Ronald Fedkiw; Henrik Wann Jensen

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

MAS coordination and control based on stigmergy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a multi-agent coordination and control system. The system implements the PROSA architecture [12] and uses a specialized approach to stigmergy. This approach is discussed in relation to more commonplace designs based, for instance, ... Keywords: Multi-agent systems, PROSA architecture, Stigmergy

Paul Valckenaers; Hadeli; Bart Saint Germain; Paul Verstraete; Hendrik Van Brussel

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Value-Based Operations and Maintenance Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities can maximize the net corporate value of their operating and maintenance practices through a systematic approach that employs decision analysis techniques and marginal-value analysis. In a case study that confirmed the merit of the value-based approach, Duke Power Company developed and tested decision trees for specific predictive maintenance scenarios.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

285

Lifeline-based global load balancing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On shared-memory systems, Cilk-style work-stealing has been used to effectively parallelize irregular task-graph based applications such as Unbalanced Tree Search (UTS). There are two main difficulties in extending this approach to distributed memory. ... Keywords: distributed work-stealing, global load balancing, uts, x10

Vijay A. Saraswat; Prabhanjan Kambadur; Sreedhar Kodali; David Grove; Sriram Krishnamoorthy

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Gradual typing with unification-based inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static and dynamic type systems have well-known strengths and weaknesses. Gradual typing provides the benefits of both in a single language by giving the programmer control over which portions of the program are statically checked based on the ... Keywords: dynamic typing, gradual typing, simply typed lambda calculus, static typing, type inference, unification

Jeremy G. Siek; Manish Vachharajani

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Ventilation Based on ASHRAE 62.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indoor Ventilation Based on ASHRAE 62.2 Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor California Energy Commission Ventilation (ASHRAE 62.2) Minimum Best Practices Guide - Exhaust-Only Ventilation Introduction: The California Energy Commission has created the following guide to provide assistance in complying with ANSI/ASHRAE

288

Actor centrality correlates to project based coordination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we draw on network centrality concepts and coordination theory to understand how project team members interact when working towards a common goal. A text-mining application based on the constructs of coordination theory was developed to ... Keywords: actor centrality, communication, coordination, email content analysis, network structure, social network

Liaquat Hossain; Andrè Wu; Kenneth K S Chung

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Multifeature biometric system based on EEG signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the person authentication problem based on EEG signals. Many features extracted from EEG recordings have proved to be unique enough among subjects for biometric application. However, different features show different discriminative ... Keywords: authentication, biometric, electroencephalogram (EEG), motor imagery, multifeature

Hu Jian-feng

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

A physically-based night sky model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a physically-based model of the night sky for realistic image synthesis. We model both the direct appearance of the night sky and the illumination coming from the Moon, the stars, the zodiacal light, and the atmosphere. To accurately ...

Henrik Wann Jensen; Frédo Durand; Julie Dorsey; Michael M. Stark; Peter Shirley; Simon Premože

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Data base to compare calculations and observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological and climatological data bases were compared with known tritium release points and diffusion calculations to determine if calculated concentrations could replace measure concentrations at the monitoring stations. Daily tritium concentrations were monitored at 8 stations and 16 possible receptors. Automated data retrieval strategies are listed. (PSB)

Tichler, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Online modelling based on Genetic Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Genetic Programming (GP), a heuristic optimisation technique based on the theory of Genetic Algorithms (GAs), is a method successfully used to identify non-linear model structures by analysing a system's measured signals. Mostly, ... Keywords: GP, automatic learning, data driven model identification, fault diagnosis, genetic programming, machine learning, online modelling, real time, self-adaption

Stephan Winkler; Hajrudin Efendic; Luigi Del Re; Michael Affenzeller; Stefan Wagner

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Video digest based on heart rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In video digesting, not only features and keywords extracted from a content itself but viewer's input are essential to incorporate subjective impressions and perceived importance. The present study aims at providing heart rate based arousal level as ... Keywords: affect, emotion, heart rate, psychophysiology, video analysis, video digest

Satoshi Toyosawa; Takashi Kawai

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Data hiding methods based upon DNA sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, three data hiding methods are proposed, based upon properties of DNA sequences. It is highlighted that DNA sequences possess some interesting properties which can be utilized to hide data. These three methods are: the Insertion Method, ... Keywords: Complementary pair, DNA, Data hiding, Data recovery

H. J. Shiu; K. L. Ng; J. F. Fang; R. C. T. Lee; C. H. Huang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Load Modeling Using a Measurement Based Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work performed in the second phase of a multi-year collaborative load modeling research program that was initiated in 2004. The measurement based approach described in this report will help utilities to develop representative load models using suitable measurement data.

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

296

Ontology-based automatic query refinement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effectiveness of user query plays a vital role in retrieving highly relevant documents in keyword-based search engine. Because of the lack of domain knowledge, users tend to post very short queries, which do not express their information need ... Keywords: automatic query refinement, document retrieval, information retrieval, keywords, ontology, query expansion, retrieval relevancy, search engines, semantic search, user queries

S. Sendhilkumar; G. S. Mahalakshmi; S. N. Rajasekar

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Modelling Office Energy Consumption: An Agent Based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling Office Energy Consumption: An Agent Based Approach Tao Zhang, Peer-Olaf Siebers, Uwe · Overall Project Background · Office Energy Consumption · Case Study · Simulation Experiments · Conclusions #12;Overall Project Background · EPSRC funded City Energy Future Project ­ Under Energy & Complexity

Aickelin, Uwe

298

Molecular Nanosprings for Protein-Based Nanorobotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Nanosprings for Protein-Based Nanorobotics Mustapha Hamdi 1 , Antoine Ferreira 1 antoine.ferreira@ensi-bourges.fr , mavro@coe.neu.edu This paper presents a molecular mechanics study using a molecular dynamics software (NAMD2) for characterization of molecular elastic joints for bio nanorobotic

Mavroidis, Constantinos

299

Characterization of ceria-based SOFCs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operating at low temperatures (500-700 C) offer many advantages over conventional zirconia-based fuel cells operating at higher temperatures. Cathode performance is being improved by using better materials and/or microstructures. Fabrication of thin dense electrolytes is also necessary to achieve high cell performances.

Doshi, R.; Roubort, J.; Krumpelt, M.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

A ZVS cycloconverter based series active filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new zero voltage switching (ZVS) series active filter (SAF) is proposed. The circuit includes a phase shift based PWM full-bridge inverter. A cycloconverter is used to control the polarity of output voltage pulses of mentioned inverter. Combination ... Keywords: series active filter, zero voltage switching

M. Tarafdar Haque; M. Sabahi

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Realtime motion segmentation based multibody visual SLAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a practical vision based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) system for a highly dynamic environment. We adopt a multibody Structure from Motion (SfM) approach, which is the generalization of classical SfM to dynamic ...

Abhijit Kundu; K. Madhava Krishna; C. V. Jawahar

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Cost-Based Sampling of Individual Instances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many practical domains, misclassification costs can differ greatly and may be represented by class ratios, however, most learning algorithms struggle with skewed class distributions. The difficulty is attributed to designing classifiers to maximize ... Keywords: Class Imbalance, Cost-Based Learning, Sampling

William Klement; Peter Flach; Nathalie Japkowicz; Stan Matwin

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Tree-structure Based Ontology Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper defines a framework for ontology integration - Tree-structure Based Ontology Integration (TSBOI). Unlike other methodologies in the area, which mainly concentrate on attribute comparison, this methodology is designed to map objects of an ontology ... Keywords: integration, ontology, tree structure

Jie Xie; Fei Liu; Sheng-Uei Guan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Chapter 11. Community analysis-based methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microbial communities are each a composite of populations whose presence and relative abundance in water or other environmental samples are a direct manifestation of environmental conditions, including the introduction of microbe-rich fecal material and factors promoting persistence of the microbes therein. As shown by culture-independent methods, different animal-host fecal microbial communities appear distinctive, suggesting that their community profiles can be used to differentiate fecal samples and to potentially reveal the presence of host fecal material in environmental waters. Cross-comparisons of microbial communities from different hosts also reveal relative abundances of genetic groups that can be used to distinguish sources. In increasing order of their information richness, several community analysis methods hold promise for MST applications: phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (TRFLP), cloning/sequencing, and PhyloChip. Specific case studies involving TRFLP and PhyloChip approaches demonstrate the ability of community-based analyses of contaminated waters to confirm a diagnosis of water quality based on host-specific marker(s). The success of community-based MST for comprehensively confirming fecal sources relies extensively upon using appropriate multivariate statistical approaches. While community-based MST is still under evaluation and development as a primary diagnostic tool, results presented herein demonstrate its promise. Coupled with its inherently comprehensive ability to capture an unprecedented amount of microbiological data that is relevant to water quality, the tools for microbial community analysis are increasingly accessible, and community-based approaches have unparalleled potential for translation into rapid, perhaps real-time, monitoring platforms.

Cao, Y.; Wu, C.H.; Andersen, G.L.; Holden, P.A.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Content selection from an ontology-based knowledge base for the generation of football summaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach to content selection that works on an ontology-based knowledge base developed independently from the task at hand, i.e., Natural Language Generation. Prior to content selection, a stage akin to signal analysis and data ...

Nadjet Bouayad-Agha; Gerard Casamayor; Leo Wanner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Wavelet-based image watermarking with visibility range estimation based on HVS and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work proposes a wavelet-based image watermarking (WIW) technique, based on the human visible system (HVS) model and neural networks, for image copyright protection. A characteristic of the HVS, which is called the just noticeable difference (JND) ... Keywords: Human visual system, Image watermarking, Just noticeable difference, Neural networks, Wavelet transformation

Hung-Hsu Tsai; Chi-Chih Liu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Condition-based maintenance of dynamic systems using online failure prognosis and belief rule base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Condition-based maintenance has attracted an increasing attention both academically and practically. If the required physical models to describe the dynamic systems are unknown and the monitored information only reflects part of the state of the dynamic ... Keywords: Belief rule base, Failure prognosis, Maintenance, Preventive replacement

Zhi-Jie Zhou; Chang-Hua Hu; Wen-Bin Wang; Bang-Cheng Zhang; Dong-Ling Xu; Jian-Fei Zheng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Hybrid intelligent parameter estimation based on grey case-based reasoning for laminar cooling process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a hybrid intelligent parameter estimation algorithm is proposed for predicting the strip temperature during laminar cooling process. The algorithm combines a hybrid genetic algorithm (HGA) with grey case-based reasoning (GCBR) in order ... Keywords: Grey case-based reasoning, Hybrid genetic algorithm, Laminar cooling process, Parameter estimation

Guishan Xing; Jinliang Ding; Tianyou Chai; Puya Afshar; Hong Wang

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Monte Carlo simulation-based algorithms for estimating the reliability of mobile agent-based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose two algorithms for estimating the task route reliability of mobile agent-based systems (MABS), which are based on the conditions of the underlying computer network. In addition, we propose a third algorithm for generating a ... Keywords: Algorithms, Mobile agents, Monte Carlo simulation, Random walk, Reliability

Mosaab Daoud; Qusay H. Mahmoud

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

An endmember-based distance for content based hyperspectral image retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a specific content-based image retrieval (CBIR) system for hyperspectral images exploiting its rich spectral information. The CBIR image features are the endmember signatures obtained from the image data by endmember induction algorithms (EIAs). ... Keywords: Content based image retrieval, Endmember induction algorithm, Hyperspectral images, Image similarity

Manuel GrañA; Miguel A. Veganzones

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

EDI-based and XML-based business-to-business integration: a statistical analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses six factors that are expected to facilitate Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)-based or Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based Business-to-Business (B2B) integration. Following the Technology-Organisation-Environment ... Keywords: B2B integration, EDI, Extensible Markup Language, XML, business integration, business-to-, e-business, electronic business, electronic data interchange, standards

Juha-Miikka Nurmilaakso

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Widget:CrunchBaseProfile | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

logo from CrunchBase, if available. For example: Widget:CrunchBaseProfile|nameGoogle No CrunchBase profile. Create one now Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

313

Architectural Pill: Rethinking Evidence-Based Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architectural Pill: Rethinking Evidence-Based Design Architectural Pill: Rethinking Evidence-Based Design Speaker(s): Ihab Elzeyadi Date: March 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Diamond The influence of the built environment on our health and well-being is finally getting much deserved attention, eliciting a growing awareness and creating a paradigm shift in design approaches. With a growing demand for evidence of building performance, there is an urgent need to develop the science and design knowledge that will enable architects, engineers, and developers to accurately predict overall performance of buildings and their impact on the triple bottom line of people, planet, and profit. The building physical performance can be easily validated with state-of-the-art research, testing, and design guidelines but no matter how advanced

314

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base RESFEN 3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.1 Knowledge Base 3.1 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:05/18/05 04:59 PM Below is a list of RESFEN modeling issues that have been discovered by users, and possible solutions. For RESFEN support, send email to RESFENHelp@lbl.gov If you have questions or need program support, please DO NOT telephone Santosh Philip at Gabel Associates (as shown in the RESFEN Help/About screen). Instead send email to RESFENHelp@lbl.gov CONTENTS INSTALLATION Installation Error -- "Error Number: 0x8002802B, Description: Element not found" DOE2 Files for RESFEN bullet WINDOW 5.0 DOE2 Report for RESFEN bullet Results using WINDOW 4.1 DOE2 DAT files do not seem correct (too large a difference in results between using and not using the DAT files)

315

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis for California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis for California Joan Ogden Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis Presented at the USDOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Meeting Washington, DC August 9-10, 2006 Acknowledgments UC Davis Researchers: Michael Nicholas Dr. Marc Melaina Dr. Marshall Miller Dr. Chris Yang USDOE: Dr. Sig Gronich Research support: USDOE; H2 Pathways Program sponsors at UC Davis * Refueling station siting and sizing are key aspects of designing H2 infrastructure during a transition * Initial H2 stations may be co-located with vehicle fleets * Wider consumer adoption of H2 vehicles depends on fuel availability and cost (which are related to station number, size and location), + other factors. * Decision when and where to deploy network

316

Applied Field Research Initiative Attenuation Based Remedies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PA00133 - March 2011 PA00133 - March 2011 Applied Field Research Initiative Attenuation Based Remedies in the Subsurface Located at the Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina, the Attenuation-Based Remedies in the Subsurface Applied Field Research Initiative (ABRS AFRI) was established to develop the tools, approaches and technologies that will be required to address the technical challenges associated characteriza- tion, remediation and long-term monitoring of recalcitrant compounds in the subsurface at Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) sites. The ABRS AFRI site provides a unique setting for researchers in both applied and basic science fields. A wealth of subsurface data is available to support research activities and remedial decision making.

317

Reliability based investigation of design factors  

SciTech Connect

Second-moment probabilistic techniques are used to formulate structural resistances and loads and to derive reliability-based safety, load, and strength factors for design. Existing concepts of the second-moment reliability theory have been extended to the practical case of multiple load combinations. This development consistently includes the stochastic character of loads and the unpredictable nature of their combinations. For this purpose, a new technique for the evaluation of load combinations is presented, whereby the moments of the extreme of combined loads is obtained in terms of the moments of individual loads and parameters describing their random fluctuations in time. Reliability-based safety, load, and strength factors are derived in terms of the acceptable level of risk, the coefficients of variation of the loads and resistance, uncertainties associated with errors in modeling and estimation, and a set of parameters describing the stochastic nature of loads and their combinations.

1978-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

318

Electrometallurgical treatment of aluminum-based fuels.  

SciTech Connect

We have successfully demonstrated aluminum electrorefining from a U-Al-Si alloy that simulates spent aluminum-based reactor fuel. The aluminum product contains less than 200 ppm uranium. All the results obtained have been in agreement with predictions based on equilibrium thermodynamics. We have also demonstrated the need for adequate stirring to achieve a low-uranium product. Most of the other process steps have been demonstrated in other programs. These include uranium electrorefining, transuranic fission product scrubbing, fission product oxidation, and product consolidation by melting. Future work will focus on the extraction of active metal and rare earth fission products by a molten flux salt and scale-up of the aluminum electrorefining.

Willit, J. L.

1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

319

Gender Recognition Based on Sift Features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a robust approach for face detection and gender classification in color images. Previous researches about gender recognition suppose an expensive computational and time-consuming pre-processing step in order to alignment in which face images are aligned so that facial landmarks like eyes, nose, lips, chin are placed in uniform locations in image. In this paper, a novel technique based on mathematical analysis is represented in three stages that eliminates alignment step. First, a new color based face detection method is represented with a better result and more robustness in complex backgrounds. Next, the features which are invariant to affine transformations are extracted from each face using scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) method. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, experiments have been conducted by employing a SVM classifier on a database of face images which contains 500 images from distinct people with equal ratio of male and female.

Yousefi, Sahar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A generic reaction-based biogeochemical simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a generic biogeochemical simulator, BIOGEOCHEM. The simulator can read a thermodynamic database based on the EQ3/EQ6 database. It can also read user-specified equilibrium and kinetic reactions (reactions not defined in the format of that in EQ3/EQ6 database) symbolically. BIOGEOCHEM is developed with a general paradigm. It overcomes the requirement in most available reaction-based models that reactions and rate laws be specified in a limited number of canonical forms. The simulator interprets the reactions, and rate laws of virtually any type for input to the MAPLE symbolic mathematical software package. MAPLE then generates Fortran code for the analytical Jacobian matrix used in the Newton-Raphson technique, which are compiled and linked into the BIOGEOCHEM executable. With this feature, the users are exempted from recoding the simulator to accept new equilibrium expressions or kinetic rate laws. Two examples are used to demonstrate the new features of the simulator.

Fang, Yilin; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Yeh, Gour T.; C.T. Miller, M.W. Farthing, W.G. Gray, and G.F. Pinder

2004-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Novel Fuel Cells for Coal Based Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to acquire experimental data required to assess the feasibility of a Direct Coal power plant based upon an Electrochemical Looping (ECL) of Liquid Tin Anode Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LTA-SOFC). The objective of Phase 1 was to experimentally characterize the interaction between the tin anode, coal fuel and cell component electrolyte, the fate of coal contaminants in a molten tin reactor (via chemistry) and their impact upon the YSZ electrolyte (via electrochemistry). The results of this work will provided the basis for further study in Phase 2. The objective of Phase 2 was to extend the study of coal impurities impact on fuel cell components other than electrolyte, more specifically to the anode current collector which is made of an electrically conducting ceramic jacket and broad based coal tin reduction. This work provided a basic proof-of-concept feasibility demonstration of the direct coal concept.

Thomas Tao

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Particle Swarm Optimization Based Reactive Power Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive power plays an important role in supporting the real power transfer by maintaining voltage stability and system reliability. It is a critical element for a transmission operator to ensure the reliability of an electric system while minimizing the cost associated with it. The traditional objectives of reactive power dispatch are focused on the technical side of reactive support such as minimization of transmission losses. Reactive power cost compensation to a generator is based on the incurred cost of its reactive power contribution less the cost of its obligation to support the active power delivery. In this paper an efficient Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based reactive power optimization approach is presented. The optimal reactive power dispatch problem is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. The objective of the proposed PSO is to minimize the total support cost from generators and reactive compensators. It is achieved by maintaining the whole system power loss as minimum...

Sujin, P R; Linda, M Mary

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Operating articulated objects based on experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Many tasks that would be of benefit to users in domestic environments require that robots manipulate articulated objects such as doors and drawers. In this paper, we present a novel approach that simultaneously estimates the kinematic model of an articulated object based on the trajectory described by the robot’s end effector, and uses this model to predict the future trajectory of the end effector. One advantage of our approach is that the robot can directly use these predictions to generate an equilibrium point control path for operating the mechanism. Additionally, our approach can improve these predictions based on previously learned articulation models. We have implemented and tested our approach on a real mobile manipulator. Through 40 trials, we show that the robot can reliably open various household objects, including cabinet doors, sliding doors, office drawers, and a dishwasher. Furthermore, we demonstrate that using the information from previous interactions as a prior significantly improves the prediction accuracy. I.

Jürgen Sturm; Advait Jain; Cyrill Stachniss; Charles C. Kemp; Wolfram Burgard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Plasma-based EUV light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Various mechanisms are provided relating to plasma-based light source that may be used for lithography as well as other applications. For example, a device is disclosed for producing extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light based on a sheared plasma flow. The device can produce a plasma pinch that can last several orders of magnitude longer than what is typically sustained in a Z-pinch, thus enabling the device to provide more power output than what has been hitherto predicted in theory or attained in practice. Such power output may be used in a lithography system for manufacturing integrated circuits, enabling the use of EUV wavelengths on the order of about 13.5 nm. Lastly, the process of manufacturing such a plasma pinch is discussed, where the process includes providing a sheared flow of plasma in order to stabilize it for long periods of time.

Shumlak, Uri (Seattle, WA); Golingo, Raymond (Seattle, WA); Nelson, Brian A. (Mountlake Terrace, WA)

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

325

Plasma-based EUV light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Various mechanisms are provided relating to plasma-based light source that may be used for lithography as well as other applications. For example, a device is disclosed for producing extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light based on a sheared plasma flow. The device can produce a plasma pinch that can last several orders of magnitude longer than what is typically sustained in a Z-pinch, thus enabling the device to provide more power output than what has been hitherto predicted in theory or attained in practice. Such power output may be used in a lithography system for manufacturing integrated circuits, enabling the use of EUV wavelengths on the order of about 13.5 nm. Lastly, the process of manufacturing such a plasma pinch is discussed, where the process includes providing a sheared flow of plasma in order to stabilize it for long periods of time.

Shumlak, Uri (Seattle, WA); Golingo, Raymond (Seattle, WA); Nelson, Brian A. (Mountlake Terrace, WA)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

326

Spectral solar radiation data base documentation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), Electric Power Research Institute, Florida Solar Energy Center, and Pacific Gas and Electric Company cooperated to produce a spectral solar radiation data base representing a range of atmospheric conditions. These data will help to characterize the natural variability in the spectral (color) content of outdoor solar radiation so that the sensitivity of spectrally selective solar devices (such as photovoltaics) to these variations can be studied quantitatively. Volume I of this report documents the history, approach, content and format of the data base; Volume II contains graphs and field notes for each of the spectral data sets. The data reside on magnetic tape at SERI. 18 refs., 29 figs., 5 tabs.

Riordan, G.J.; Myers, D.R.; Hulstrom, R.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

1980 Base case and feasibility analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a task of documenting a base case'' and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

1980 Base case and feasibility analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a task of documenting a ``base case`` and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Amineborane Based Chemical Hydrogen Storage - Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The efficient regeneration of ammonia borane from BNHx spent fuel is one of the most challenging problems that will have to be overcome in order to utilize AB-based hydrogen storage. Three Center partners, LANL, PNNL and Penn, each took different complimentary approaches to AB regeneration. The Penn approach focused on a strategy involving spent-fuel digestion with superacidic acids to produce boron-halides (BX3) that could then be converted to AB by coordination/reduction/displacement processes. While the Penn boron-halide reduction studies successfully demonstrated that a dialkylsulfide-based coordination/reduction/displacement process gave quantitative conversions of BBr3 to ammonia borane with efficient and safe product separations, the fact that AB spent-fuels could not be digested in good yields to BX3 halides led to a No-Go decision on this overall AB-regeneration strategy.

Sneddon, Larry G.

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Functional relationship-based alarm processing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A functional relationship-based alarm processing system and method analyzes each alarm as it is activated and determines its relative importance with other currently activated alarms and signals in accordance with the relationships that the newly activated alarm has with other currently activated alarms. Once the initial level of importance of the alarm has been determined, that alarm is again evaluated if another related alarm is activated. Thus, each alarm's importance is continuously updated as the state of the process changes during a scenario. Four hierarchical relationships are defined by this alarm filtering methodology: (1) level precursor (usually occurs when there are two alarm settings on the same parameter); (2) direct precursor (based on causal factors between two alarms); (3) required action (system response or action expected within a specified time following activation of an alarm or combination of alarms and process signals); and (4) blocking condition (alarms that are normally expected and are not considered important). 11 figs.

Corsberg, D.R.

1987-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

331

Catalog of data bases and reports  

SciTech Connect

The Catalog of Data Bases and Reports provides information about the many reports and other materials made available by the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program (GCRP). It is divided into six sections plus an author and a title index: (1) Research plans and budget summaries (2) technical reports; (3) workshops, proceedings, and reports; (4) other reports; (5) USDA reports on response of vegetation to carbon dioxide; and, (6) numeric data packages and computer model packages.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Catalog of data bases and reports  

SciTech Connect

The Catalog of Data Bases and Reports provides information about the many reports and other materials made available by the US Department of Energy's Global Change Research Program (GCRP). It is divided into six sections plus an author and a title index: (1) Research plans and budget summaries (2) technical reports; (3) workshops, proceedings, and reports; (4) other reports; (5) USDA reports on response of vegetation to carbon dioxide; and, (6) numeric data packages and computer model packages.

Burtis, M.D. (comp.)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

neuron-MOS-based Compressor Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Partial-product reduction circuits (compressors) are of capital importance in the design of high performance parallel multipliers. This paper proposes compressor designs based on threshold gates which have been implemented as MOS circuits. A typical block, a (4,2) compressor is fully developed. Data for a (6,2) compressor are also provided. Results show that such compressors have the best performance in delay and power-delay product when compared to conventional implementations.

Jose M. Quintana; José M. Quintana; Maria J. Avedillo; María J. Avedillo; Esther Rodriguez-Villegas; Esther Rodríguez-villegas; Adoracion Rueda; Adoración Rueda

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Towards Security Evaluation BASED ON EVIDENCE COLLECTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information security evaluation of software-intensive systems typically relies heavily on the experience of the security professionals. Obviously, automated approaches are needed in this field. Unfortunately, there is no practical approach to carrying out security evaluation in a systematic way. Here we introduce a general-level holistic framework for security evaluation based on security behaviour modelling and security evidence collection, and discuss its applicability to the design of security evaluation experimentation setups in real-world systems.

Reijo Savola

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

European Demonstration of CIM-Based Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI cosponsored demonstrations of Common Information Model (CIM)-based products in May 2006 during the first European meeting of the new CIM User Group. Nine vendors including ABB, Areva T&D, EDF and SUPELEC, ELES and Jelovac Solutions, KEMA, Siemens PTI, SISCO, SNC Lavalin and ENSICO, and the University of Strathclyde participated. Each vendor brought one or more products incorporating CIM standards. This report describes those products, the results of product demonstrations at the meeting, and attende...

2006-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

336

Developing object-based distributed system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The OO-action systems formalism is a recent extension of action systems towards object-orientation. An OO-action system models an object-oriented system with active objects. In this paper we make the notion of a distributed object clear within this framework. Moreover, we show how object-based distributed systems are designed stepwise within a formal framework, the re nement calculus.

Marcello M. Bonsangue; Joost N. Kok; Kaisa Sere; Turku Centre; Computer Science

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Fault Tree Based Diagnostics Using Fuzzy Logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy set theory is investigated as a tool for the diagnostics of systems described by means of a fault tree. The objective is to diagnose component failures from the observation of fuzzy symptoms using the information contained in a fault tree. A two-step ... Keywords: causal reasoning, component failures, failure analysis, failure modes, fault tree based diagnostics, fuzzy logic, fuzzy symptoms, minimal cut-sets, triggered gates, two-step procedure

P. Gmytrasiewicz; J. A. Hassberger; J. C. Lee

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Nucleic Acid Standards | Base Pair Geometry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Standard Reference Frame for the Description A Standard Reference Frame for the Description of Nucleic Acid Base-pair Geometry Table 1. Cartesian coordinates of non-hydrogen atoms in the standard reference frames of the five common nitrogenous bases Atom Base x(Å) y(Å) z(Å) Adenine ATOM 1 C1' A A 1 -2.479 5.346 0.000 ATOM 2 N9 A A 1 -1.291 4.498 0.000 ATOM 3 C8 A A 1 0.024 4.897 0.000 ATOM 4 N7 A A 1 0.877 3.902 0.000 ATOM 5 C5 A A 1 0.071 2.771 0.000 ATOM 6 C6 A A 1 0.369 1.398 0.000 ATOM 7 N6 A A 1 1.611 0.909 0.000 ATOM 8 N1 A A 1 -0.668 0.532 0.000 ATOM 9 C2 A A 1 -1.912 1.023 0.000 ATOM 10 N3 A A 1 -2.320 2.290 0.000

339

Coal based electric generation comparative technologies report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ohio Clean Fuels, Inc., (OCF) has licensed technology that involves Co-Processing (Co-Pro) poor grade (high sulfur) coal and residual oil feedstocks to produce clean liquid fuels on a commercial scale. Stone Webster is requested to perform a comparative technologies report for grassroot plants utilizing coal as a base fuel. In the case of Co-Processing technology the plant considered is the nth plant in a series of applications. This report presents the results of an economic comparison of this technology with other power generation technologies that use coal. Technologies evaluated were:Co-Processing integrated with simple cycle combustion turbine generators, (CSC); Co-Processing integrated with combined cycle combustion turbine generators, (CCC); pulverized coal-fired boiler with flue gas desulfurization and steam turbine generator, (PC) and Circulating fluidized bed boiler and steam turbine generator, (CFB). Conceptual designs were developed. Designs were based on approximately equivalent net electrical output for each technology. A base case of 310 MWe net for each technology was established. Sensitivity analyses at other net electrical output sizes varying from 220 MWe's to 1770 MWe's were also performed. 4 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1989-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

340

Redundant CORDIC Rotator Based on Parallel Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we present a Cordic rotator, using carry--save arithmetic, based on the prediction of all the coefficients into which the rotation angle is decomposed. The prediction algorithm is based on the use of radix--2 microrotations with multiple shifts in the first iterations and the use of a redundant radix--2 and radix--4 representation for the coefficients in the rest of the microrotations. The use of multiple shifts facilitates the prediction of the coefficients in the case of microrotations where i n=4, being n the precision of the algorithm, and the use of radix--4 microrotations helps to reduce the total number of iterations. The prediction is carried out using the redundant representation of the z coordinate, without any need for conversions to a non--redundant representation. Finally, we present a VLSI architecture based on this algorithm. As the production of the coefficients is very fast, and they are known before starting each microrotation, the resulting architecture...

E. Antelo; J.D. Bruguera; J. Villalba; E.L. Zapata; Elisardo Antelo; Javier D. Bruguera Julio Villalba; Emilio L. Zapata

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Base Program on Energy Related Research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The main objective of the Base Research Program was to conduct both fundamental and applied research that will assist industry in developing, deploying, and commercializing efficient, nonpolluting fossil energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting the energy requirements of the Nation. In that regard, tasks proposed under the WRI research areas were aligned with DOE objectives of secure and reliable energy; clean power generation; development of hydrogen resources; energy efficiency and development of innovative fuels from low and no-cost sources. The goal of the Base Research Program was to develop innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources--coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the overall Base Program. This document represents a stand-alone Final Report for the entire Program. It should be noted that an interim report describing the Program achievements was prepared in 2003 covering the progress made under various tasks completed during the first five years of this Program.

Western Research Institute

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

342

Accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino oscillations were first discovered by experiments looking at neutrinos coming from extra-terrestrial sources, namely the sun and the atmosphere, but we will be depending on earth-based sources to take many of the next steps in this field. This article describes what has been learned so far from accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments, and then describe very generally what the next accelerator-based steps are. In section 2 the article discusses how one uses an accelerator to make a neutrino beam, in particular, one made from decays in flight of charged pions. There are several different neutrino detection methods currently in use, or under development. In section 3 these are presented, with a description of the general concept, an example of such a detector, and then a brief discussion of the outstanding issues associated with this detection technique. Finally, section 4 describes how the measurements of oscillation probabilities are made. This includes a description of the near detector technique and how it can be used to make the most precise measurements of neutrino oscillations.

Harris, Deborah A.; /Fermilab

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration...

344

Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects in Wisconsin and California Title Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects in Wisconsin and...

345

Other States Natural Gas Coalbed Methane, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Other States Natural Gas Coalbed Methane, Reserves Based Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Coalbed Methane, Reserves Based Production (Billion Cubic Feet)...

346

Community-Based Forest (Natural) Resource Management: A Path...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Based Forest (Natural) Resource Management: A Path to Sustainable Environment and Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Community-Based Forest (Natural) Resource Management:...

347

Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview Promotional Video Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview Promotional Video September 20, 2013 -...

348

Process-Based Cost Modeling to Support Target Value Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintaining Activity-based Cost Estimates with Feature-Based2004). “Effective Cost Estimate and Construction Processesof new designs. These cost estimates are inflated by the

Nguyen, Hung Viet

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Miscellaneous States Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Miscellaneous States Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

350

Oklahoma Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Oklahoma Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

351

Colorado Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

352

Kansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Kansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

353

Arkansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Arkansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

354

Wyoming Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Wyoming Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

355

Michigan Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Michigan Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

356

Development of Ni Base Superalloy for Industrial Gas Turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to this demand, Ni-base superalloys have been developed by MHI's alloy design system. These Ni-base superalloys have been applied to rotating ...

357

SOLID STATE SUPERCAPACITORS BASED ON METAL/YTTRIA-STABILISED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLID STATE SUPERCAPACITORS BASED ON METAL/YTTRIA-STABILISED ZIRCONIA COMPOSITES PROEFSCHRIFT ter Elshof #12;Hendriks, Mark Gerard Hendrik Maria Solid state supercapacitors based on metal

Verweij, Henk

358

Web-Based Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Web-Based Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids Title Web-Based Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report...

359

Development of Highly Active Titania-Based Nanoparticles for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Active Titania-Based Nanoparticles for Composite Propellant Combustion ... in the combustion rate of HTPB-AP based composite solid propellants with a ...

360

NETL - Petroleum-Based Fuels Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum-Based Fuels Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis 2005 Baseline Model Jump to: navigation, search Name NETL - Petroleum-Based Fuels Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis 2005...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors Title Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors Publication Type Report LBNL...

362

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency Title Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy...

363

Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability Assessment Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability Assessment Research and develop...

364

Alaska Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Date: 9302013 Next Release Date: 10312013 Referring Pages: Underground Base Natural Gas in Storage - All Operators Alaska Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators Base...

365

Fabrication of Photonic Crystal Patterns on Gan-Based Light ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Efficient Sintering of Al/Cu Nanocomposites Using Different Microwave ... of Powder-based Metals via Current Activated Tip-Based Sintering (CATS).

366

Distributed energy resources at naval base ventura county building 1512  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Naval Base Ventura County Standby Generator OptimizationC&H Engineering performed a standby generator optimizationOn Naval Base Ventura County Standby Generator Optimization

Bailey, Owen C.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Public Preferences Related to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive Waste Management Facilities for Storage and Disposal Public Preferences Related to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive Waste...

368

Quantifying the Impacts of Time-based Rates, Enabling Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Impacts of Time-based Rates, Enabling Technology, and Other Treatments in Consumer Behavior Studies: Protocols and Guidelines Title Quantifying the Impacts of Time-based Rates,...

369

Fiberoptics-Based Instrumentation for Storage Ring Beam Diagnostics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIBEROPTICS-BASED INSTRUMENTATION FOR STORAGE RING BEAMbeam diagnostic instrumentation that measures longitudinalet al. , “Fiberoptics-based Instrumentation for Storage Ring

Byrd, John M.; De Santis, Stefano; Yin, Yan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Energy Saving Potential of Membrane-Based Enthalpy Recovery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy Saving Potential of Membrane-Based Enthalpy Recovery in Vav Systems for Commercial Office Buildings Title The Energy Saving Potential of Membrane-Based Enthalpy Recovery...

371

The Energy Saving Potential of Membrane-Based Enthalpy Recovery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy Saving Potential of Membrane-Based Enthalpy Recovery in VAV System for Commercial Office Buildings Title The Energy Saving Potential of Membrane-Based Enthalpy Recovery...

372

New Mexico Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) New Mexico Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

373

Osadciw, “Fusion for Component based Face Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — This paper proposes a practical way to realize the diversity in face recognition system for performance improvement by fusing the classification results from the components (characteristic regions such as eyes, nose and mouth) and from the whole face image, instead of concatenating the face feature and the modular features for a single classifier. The extracted sub-images are not totally independent from the face image, but the experiments show that the fused result is improved from the recognition result based on the face or components alone. The fusion is implemented and compared at both score level and decision level. Communication resources are preserved between the sensor and fusion point in decision level fusion at the expense of performance, and the selection of which fusion scheme to use depends on the system resources and performance requirement. In the same way that the face images are used to construct the Eigenface [1] or DFLDA [2] feature space for recognition, the componentsare used to construct the feature spaces for each part on their own. Four components are considered in the simulation: eyes, nose, moth and forehead to derive similarity scores for four classifiers. Score level fusion sums the scores from each classifier to make the final decision as shown in Figure 1. The summation could be weighted according to the relative accuracy and importance of each individual classifier [3], [4]. Score level fusion needs to transmit the real number scores from the classifiers to the fusion center. This takes more transmission recourses than the categorical ranking decisions from the classifiers, but the score provides more information. Decision level fusion utilizes majority voting to fuse the results from each classifier as shown in Figure 2. Decision level fusion greatly reduces bandwidth needs on transmission. However, once the decision is made at each classifier based on the scores, the information on their relative degrees of similarity is lost preventing its use in the final decision. As shown in Table I, the classifiers based on the components are weaker than the classifier based on the face. Variations based on different weighting of the five classifiers are tried.

Yanjun Yan; Lisa Ann Osadciw

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Corpus-based semantic lexicon induction with Web-based corroboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various techniques have been developed to automatically induce semantic dictionaries from text corpora and from the Web. Our research combines corpus-based semantic lexicon induction with statistics acquired from the Web to improve the accuracy of automatically ...

Sean P. Igo; Ellen Riloff

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

WETAS: A Web-Based Authoring System for Constraint-Based ITS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constraint-Based Modelling (CBM) is a student modelling technique for Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) that is rapidly maturing. We have implemented several tutors using CBM, and demonstrated their suitability to, in particular, open-ended domains. ...

Brent Martin; Antonija Mitrovic

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PLANTATIONS FIGURE 2 BIOGAS PROCESS TL'BIOGAS _ANAERQBICf o r Other Data Bases >BIOGAS/TI,DE,ID BIO(W)GAS/TI,DE,IDSEARCHES Methane (or Biogas) Production from Agricultural

Robinson, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

3D-FEM Calculations of Rafting in Ni-Base Superalloys Based on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of Ni-base superalloys, these belong to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation, have been .... [15] A narrow temperature distribution is also expected with the use of one ...

378

Robust chinese character recognition by selection of binary-based and grayscale-based classifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the spread of digital videos, digital cameras, and camera phones, lots of researches are reported about degraded character recognition. It is found that while the grayscale-based classifier is powerful for degraded character, the performance for clear ...

Yoshinobu Hotta; Jun Sun; Yutaka Katsuyama; Satoshi Naoi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Development of an integrated capillary valve-based preconcentrator and surface-based immunoassay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new generation of integrated preconcentrator and immunoassay was developed. A novel, self-aligned method for patterning Nafion resin was developed and applied to create a preconcentrator. In a parallel effort, a surface-based ...

Liu, Vincent Hok

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Realizing believable agents: an integration of the author-based and the model-based approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major research problem regarding believable agents is how to develop and execute their behavioral libraries. This work identifies two different approaches: the ‘author‐based’ one, depending on the designer's ability to hand‐code ...

Paola Rizzo

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Agent-Based vs. Equation-based Epidemiological Models:A Model Selection Case Study  

SciTech Connect

This paper is motivated by the need to design model validation strategies for epidemiological disease-spread models. We consider both agent-based and equation-based models of pandemic disease spread and study the nuances and complexities one has to consider from the perspective of model validation. For this purpose, we instantiate an equation based model and an agent based model of the 1918 Spanish flu and we leverage data published in the literature for our case- study. We present our observations from the perspective of each implementation and discuss the application of model-selection criteria to compare the risk in choosing one modeling paradigm to another. We conclude with a discussion of our experience and document future ideas for a model validation framework.

Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Ethanol production using a soy hydrolysate-based medium or a yeast autolysate-based medium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention presents a method for the production of ethanol that utilizes a soy hydrolysate-based nutrient medium or a yeast autolysate-based medium nutrient medium in conjunction with ethanologenic bacteria and a fermentable sugar for the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. The invention offers several advantages over presently available media for use in ethanol production, including consistent quality, lack of toxins and wide availability.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Health Physics Positions Data Base: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) Data Base of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is a collection of NRC staff positions on a wide range of topics involving radiation protection (health physics). It consists of 328 documents in the form of letters, memoranda, and excerpts from technical reports. The HPPOS Data Base was developed by the NRC Headquarters and Regional Offices to help ensure uniformity in inspections, enforcement, and licensing actions. Staff members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have assisted the NRC staff in summarizing the documents during the preparation of this NUREG report. These summaries are also being made available as a {open_quotes}stand alone{close_quotes} software package for IBM and IBM-compatible personal computers. The software package for this report is called HPPOS Version 2.0. A variety of indexing schemes were used to increase the usefulness of the NUREG report and its associated software. The software package and the summaries in the report are written in the context of the {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} 10 CFR Part 20 ({section}{section}20.1001--20.2401). The purpose of this NUREG report is to allow interested individuals to familiarize themselves with the contents of the HPPOS Data Base and with the basis of many NRC decisions and regulations. The HPPOS summaries and original documents are intended to serve as a source of information for radiation protection programs at nuclear research and power reactors, nuclear medicine, and other industries that either process or use nuclear materials.

Kerr, G.D.; Borges, T.; Stafford, R.S.; Lu, P.Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Carter, D. [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)] [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Base Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period:

385

Subject thesaurus permuted listing: Energy Data Base  

SciTech Connect

This permuted listing, an appendix to the Energy Data Base: Subject Thesaurus (DOE/TIC-7000-R6), has been prepared to alleviate the problems of entry to a large multidisciplinary thesaurus containing both single and multi-word descriptors. It is designed to be used in conjunction with the Subject Thesaurus and is not to be used alone. Each descriptor, whether a single word or multi-word entry, has been permuted and alphabetized by each significant word. The complete descriptor is given at each point.

Raridon, M.H. (ed.)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Wavelet based analysis of circuit breaker operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Circuit breaker is an important interrupting device in power system network. It usually has a lifetime about 20 to 40 years. During breaker's service time, maintenance and inspection are imperative duties to achieve its reliable operation. To automate the diagnostic practice for circuit breaker operation and reduce the utility company's workload, Wavelet based analysis software of circuit breaker operation is developed here. Combined with circuit breaker monitoring system, the analysis software processes the original circuit breaker information, speeds up the analysis time and provides stable and consistent evaluation for the circuit breaker operation.

Ren, Zhifang Jennifer

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Risk-based regulation: A utility's perspective  

SciTech Connect

Yankee Atomic Electric Company (YAEC) has supported the operation of several plants under the premise that regulations and corresponding implementation strategies are intended to be [open quotes]risk based.[close quotes] During the past 15 yr, these efforts have changed from essentially qualitative to a blend of qualitative and quantitative. Our observation is that implementation of regulatory requirements has often not addressed the risk significance of the underlying intent of regulations on a proportionate basis. It has caused our resource allocation to be skewed, to the point that our cost-competitiveness has eroded, but more importantly we have missed opportunities for increases in safety.

Chapman, J.R. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Arithmetic, mutually unbiased bases and complementary observables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complementary observables in quantum mechanics may be viewed as Frobenius structures in a dagger monoidal category, such as the category of finite dimensional Hilbert spaces over the complex numbers. On the other hand, their properties crucially depend on the discrete Fourier transform and its associated quantum torus, requiring only the finite fields that underlie mutually unbiased bases. In axiomatic topos theory, the complex numbers are difficult to describe and should not be invoked unnecessarily. This paper surveys some fundamentals of quantum arithmetic using finite field complementary observables, with a view considering more general axiom systems.

Sheppeard, M. D. [Oxford University Computing Laboratory, Wolfson Building, Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3QD (United Kingdom)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Supporting use case based requirements engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use Cases that describe possible interactions involving a system and its environment are increasingly being accepted as effective means for functional requirements elicitation and analysis. In the current practice, informal definitions of use cases are used and the analysis process is manual. In this paper, we present an approach supported by a tool for use cases based requirements engineering. Our approach includes use cases formalization, a restricted form of natural language for use cases description, and the derivation of an executable specification as well as a simulation environment from use cases. Key words: Use cases, domain modeling, UML, requirements engineering, prototyping

Stéphane S. Somé

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The information contained in this catalog is needed to provide a data base for safeguards studies and to help establish criteria and procedures for international safeguards for nuclear materials and facilities. The catalog primarily presents information on new safeguards equipment. It also describes entire safeguards systems for certain facilities, but it does not describe the inspection procedures. Because IAEA safeguards do not include physical security, devices for physical protection (as opposed to containment and surveillance) are not included. An attempt has been made to list capital costs, annual maintenance costs, replacement costs, and useful lifetime for the equipment. For equipment which is commercially available, representative sources have been listed whenever available.

Fishbone, L.G.; Keisch, B.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Waveguide-based optical chemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides an apparatus and method for highly selective and sensitive chemical sensing. Two modes of laser light are transmitted through a waveguide, refracted by a thin film host reagent coating on the waveguide, and analyzed in a phase sensitive detector for changes in effective refractive index. Sensor specificity is based on the particular species selective thin films of host reagents which are attached to the surface of the planar optical waveguide. The thin film of host reagents refracts laser light at different refractive indices according to what species are forming inclusion complexes with the host reagents.

Grace, Karen M. (Ranchos de Taos, NM); Swanson, Basil I. (Los Alamos, NM); Honkanen, Seppo (Tucson, AZ)

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

392

Quantum-walk-based search and centrality  

SciTech Connect

We study the discrete-time quantum-walk-based search for a marked vertex on a graph. By considering various structures in which not all vertices are equivalent, we investigate the relationship between the successful search probability and the position of the marked vertex, in particular, its centrality. We find that the maximum value of the search probability does not necessarily increase as the marked vertex becomes more central, and we investigate an interesting relationship between the frequency of the successful search probability and the centrality of the marked vertex.

Berry, Scott D.; Wang, Jingbo B. [School of Physics, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009 (Australia)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

A New Practical Limited Identity-Based Encryption Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identity based cryptography was introduced by Shamir in 1984, which avoids the trust problems encountered in the traditional Public Key Infrastructures. After Boneh and Franklin proposed the first full functional identity based encryption scheme from ... Keywords: Chosen-plaintext security, Email system, Identity based cryptography, Limited identity based encryption

Rongxing Lu; Zhenfu Cao; Xiaolei Dong

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Optimisation-based scheduling: A discrete manufacturing case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents the development and implementation of a production scheduling system for an electrical appliance manufacturer. Based on recent advances in optimisation-based scheduling approaches, two different software architectures based on two ... Keywords: Discrete manufacturing, Electrical appliances, Mixed-integer linear programming, Optimization-based scheduling

Michael C. Georgiadis; Aaron A. Levis; Panagiotis Tsiakis; Ioannis Sanidiotis; Constantinos C. Pantelides; Lazaros G. Papageorgiou

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Molybdenum silicide based materials and their properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molybdenum disilicide (MoSi{sub 2}) is a promising candidate material for high temperature structural applications. It is a high melting point (2030 C) material with excellent oxidation resistance and a moderate density (6.24 g/cm{sup 3}). However, low toughness at low temperatures and high creep rates at elevated temperatures have hindered its commercialization in structural applications. Much effort has been invested in MoSi{sub 2} composites as alternatives to pure molybdenum disilicide for oxidizing and aggressive environments. Molybdenum disilicide-based heating elements have been used extensively in high-temperature furnaces. The low electrical resistance of silicides in combination with high thermal stability, electron-migration resistance, and excellent diffusion-barrier characteristics is important for microelectronic applications. Projected applications of MoSi{sub 2}-based materials include turbine airfoils, combustion chamber components in oxidizing environments, missile nozzles, molten metal lances, industrial gas burners, diesel engine glow plugs, and materials for glass processing. On this paper, synthesis, fabrication, and properties of the monolithic and composite molybdenum silicides are reviewed.

Yao, Z.; Stiglich, J.; Sudarshan, T.S. [Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)] [Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

XML-based resources for simulation  

SciTech Connect

As simulations and the machines they run on become larger and more complex the inputs and outputs become more unwieldy. Increased complexity makes the setup of simulation problems difficult. It also contributes to the burden of handling and analyzing large amounts of output results. Another problem is that among a class of simulation codes (such as those for physical system simulation) there is often no single standard format or resource for input data. To run the same problem on different simulations requires a different setup for each simulation code. The extensible Markup Language (XML) is used to represent a general set of data resources including physical system problems, materials, and test results. These resources provide a 'plug and play' approach to simulation setup. For example, a particular material for a physical system can be selected from a material database. The XML-based representation of the selected material is then converted to the native format of the simulation being run and plugged into the simulation input file. In this manner a user can quickly and more easily put together a simulation setup. In the case of output data, an XML approach to regression testing includes tests and test results with XML-based representations. This facilitates the ability to query for specific tests and make comparisons between results. Also, output results can easily be converted to other formats for publishing online or on paper.

Kelsey, R. L. (Robert L.); Riese, J. M. (Jane M.); Young, G. A. (Ginger A.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Undulator-Based Production of Polarized Photons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Project Title: Undulator-Based Production of Polarized Photons" DOE Contract Number: FG02-04ER41355 Principal Investigator: Prof. Kirk McDonald Period of Performance: 09/10/2004 thru 08/31/2006 This award was to fund Princeton's activity on SLAC experiment E166, "Undulator-Based Production of Polarized Positrons" which was performed at SLAC during June and September 2005. Princeton U. fabricated a magnetic spectrometer for this experiment, and participated in the commissioning, operation, and analysis of the experiment, for which Prof. McDonald was a co-spokesperson. The experiment demonstrated that an intense positron beam with 80% longitudinal polarization could be generated by conversion of MeVenergy circularly polarized photons in a thin target, which photons were generated by passage of high-energy electrons through a helical undulator. This technique has since been adopted as the baseline for the polarized positron source of the proposed International Linear Collider. Results of the experiment have been published in Physical Review Letters, vol 100, p 210801 (2008) [see attached .pdf file], and a longer paper is in preparation.

Professor Kirk McDonald

2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

398

Polymer Based Nanocomposites for Solar Energy Conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Organic semiconductor-based photovoltaic devices offer the promise of low cost photovoltaic technology that can be manufactured via large-scale, roll-to-roll printing techniques. Existing organic photovoltaic devices are currently limited to solar power conversion efficiencies of 3?5%. This is because of poor overlap between the absorption spectrum of the organic chromophores and the solar spectrum, non-ideal band alignment between the donor and acceptor species, and low charge carrier mobilities. To address these issues, we are investigating the development of dendrimeric organic semiconductors that are readily synthesized with high purity. They also benefit from optoelectronic properties, such as band gap and band positions, which can be easily tuned by substituting different chemical groups into the molecule. Additionally, we are developing nanostructured oxide/conjugated polymer composite photovoltaics. These composites take advantage of the high electron mobilities attainable in oxide semiconductors and can be fabricated using low-temperature solution-based growth techniques. Here, we discuss the synthesis and preliminary device results of these novel materials and composites.

Shaheen, S.; Olson, D.; White, M.; Mitchell, W.; Miedaner, A.; Curtis, C.; Rumbles, G.; Gregg, B.; Ginley, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Modeling TTL-based Internet Caches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a way of modeling the hit rates of caches that use a time-to-live (TTL)-based consistency policy. TTL-based consistency, as exemplified by DNS and Web caches, is a policy in which a data item, once retrieved, remains valid for a period known as the "time-to-live". Cache systems using large TTL periods are known to have high hit rates and scale well, but the effects of using shorter TTL periods are not well understood. We model hit rate as a function of request arrival times and the choice of TTL, enabling us to better understand cache behavior for shorter TTL periods. Our formula for the hit rate is closed form and relies upon a simplifying assumption about the inter-arrival times of requests for the data item in question: that these requests can be modeled as a sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables. Analyzing extensive DNS traces, we find that the results of the formula match observed statistics surprisingly well; in particular, the analysis is able to adequately explain the somewhat counterintuitive empirical finding of Jung et al. [1] that the cache hit rate for DNS accesses rapidly increases as a function of TTL, exceeding 80% for a TTL of 15 minutes.

Jaeyeon Jung; Arthur W. Berger; Hari Balakrishnan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Data base of chemical explosions in Kazakhstan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the bounds of this report, the following works were done: (1) Information about explosion quarries, located in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kasakstan was summarized. (2) The general information about seismicity of areas of location of explosion quarries was adduced. (3) The system of observation and seismic apparatus, recording the local earthquakes and quarry explosions at the territory of Kazakstan were described. (4) Data base of quarry explosions, that were carried out in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kazakstan during 1995 and first half of 1996 year was adduced. (5) Upon the data of registration of explosions in Southern Kazakstan the correlative dependences between power class of explosions and summary weight of charge were constructed. (6) Seismic records of quarry explosions were adduced. It is necessary to note, that the collection of data about quarry explosions in Kazakstan in present time is very difficult task. Organizations, that makes these explosions, are always suffering reorganizations and sometimes it is actually impossible to receive all the necessary information. Some quarries are situated in remote, almost inaccessible regions, and within the bounds of supplier financing not the every quarry was in success to visit. So the present data base upon the chemical explosions for 1995 is not full and in further it`s expansion is possible.

Demin, V.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Malahova, M.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Martysevich, P.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Mihaylova, N.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Nurmagambetov, A. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Kopnichev, Yu.F. D. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Edomin, V.I. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

402

Light sources based on semiconductor current filaments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a new type of semiconductor light source that can produce a high peak power output and is not injection, e-beam, or optically pumped. The present invention is capable of producing high quality coherent or incoherent optical emission. The present invention is based on current filaments, unlike conventional semiconductor lasers that are based on p-n junctions. The present invention provides a light source formed by an electron-hole plasma inside a current filament. The electron-hole plasma can be several hundred microns in diameter and several centimeters long. A current filament can be initiated optically or with an e-beam, but can be pumped electrically across a large insulating region. A current filament can be produced in high gain photoconductive semiconductor switches. The light source provided by the present invention has a potentially large volume and therefore a potentially large energy per pulse or peak power available from a single (coherent) semiconductor laser. Like other semiconductor lasers, these light sources will emit radiation at the wavelength near the bandgap energy (for GaAs 875 nm or near infra red). Immediate potential applications of the present invention include high energy, short pulse, compact, low cost lasers and other incoherent light sources.

Zutavern, Fred J. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttram, Malcolm T. (Sandia Park, NM); Mar, Alan (Albuquerque, NM); Helgeson, Wesley D. (Albuquerque, NM); O' Malley, Martin W. (Edgewood, NM); Hjalmarson, Harold P. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Chow, Weng W. (Cedar Crest, NM); Vawter, G. Allen (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

404

Solid polymer MEMS-based fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) based thin-film fuel cells for electrical power applications. The MEMS-based fuel cell may be of a solid oxide type (SOFC), a solid polymer type (SPFC), or a proton exchange membrane type (PEMFC), and each fuel cell basically consists of an anode and a cathode separated by an electrolyte layer. The electrolyte layer can consist of either a solid oxide or solid polymer material, or proton exchange membrane electrolyte materials may be used. Additionally catalyst layers can also separate the electrodes (cathode and anode) from the electrolyte. Gas manifolds are utilized to transport the fuel and oxidant to each cell and provide a path for exhaust gases. The electrical current generated from each cell is drawn away with an interconnect and support structure integrated with the gas manifold. The fuel cells utilize integrated resistive heaters for efficient heating of the materials. By combining MEMS technology with thin-film deposition technology, thin-film fuel cells having microflow channels and full-integrated circuitry can be produced that will lower the operating temperature an will yield an order of magnitude greater power density than the currently known fuel cells.

Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Morse, Jeffrey D. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

405

Noise-based communication and computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the speed-error-heat triangle and related problems with rapidly increasing energy dissipation and error rate during miniaturization. These and the independently growing need of unconditional data security have provoked non-conventional approaches in the physics of informatics. Noise-based informatics is a potentially promising possibility which is the way how biological brains process the information. Recently, it has been shown that thermal noise and its electronically enhanced versions (Johnson-like noises) can be utilized as information carrier with peculiar properties. Relevant examples are Zero power (stealth) communication, Unconditionally secure communication with Johnson(-like) noise and Kirchhoff loop and Noise-driven computing. The zero power communication utilizes the equilibrium background noise in the channel to transfer information. The unconditionally secure communication is based on the properties of Johnson(-like) noise and those of a simple Kirchhoff's loop. The scheme utilizes on the robustness of classical information and the second law of thermodynamics. It uncovers active eavesdropping within a single clock period (no error statistics is required) and it is naturally protected against the man-in-the-middle attack. Further advantages of the scheme is that the circuitry can easily be integrated on computer chips, unconditionally secure computer processors, memories and other hardware can be realized.

Laszlo B. Kish

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

406

Topology-based Feature Definition and Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Defining high-level features, detecting them, tracking them and deriving quantities based on them is an integral aspect of modern data analysis and visualization. In combustion simulations, for example, burning regions, which are characterized by high fuel-consumption, are a possible feature of interest. Detecting these regions makes it possible to derive statistics about their size and track them over time. However, features of interest in scientific simulations are extremely varied, making it challenging to develop cross-domain feature definitions. Topology-based techniques offer an extremely flexible means for general feature definitions and have proven useful in a variety of scientific domains. This paper will provide a brief introduction into topological structures like the contour tree and Morse-Smale complex and show how to apply them to define features in different science domains such as combustion. The overall goal is to provide an overview of these powerful techniques and start a discussion how these techniques can aid in the analysis of astrophysical simulations.

Weber, Gunther H.; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Gyulassy, Attila; Pascucci, Valerio

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

407

Fast Beam-Based BPM Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Alignment Diagnostic System (ADS) of the LCLS undulator system indicates that the 33 undulator quadrupoles have extremely high position stability over many weeks. However, beam trajectory straightness and lasing efficiency degrade more quickly than this. A lengthy Beam Based Alignment (BBA) procedure must be executed every two to four weeks to re-optimize the X-ray beam parameters. The undulator system includes RF cavity Beam Position Monitors (RFBPMs), several of which are utilized by an automatic feedback system to align the incoming electron-beam trajectory to the undulator axis. The beam trajectory straightness degradation has been traced to electronic drifts of the gain and offset of the BPMs used in the beam feedback system. To quickly recover the trajectory straightness, we have developed a fast beam-based procedure to recalibrate the BPMs. This procedure takes advantage of the high-precision monitoring capability of the ADS, which allows highly repeatable positioning of undulator quadrupoles. This report describes the ADS, the position stability of the LCLS undulator quadrupoles, and some results of the new recovery procedure.

Bertsche, K.; Loos, H.; Nuhn, H.-D.; Peters, F.; /SLAC

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Functional relationship-based alarm processing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A functional relationship-based alarm processing system and method analyzes each alarm as it is activated and determines its relative importance with other currently activated alarms and signals in accordance with the functional relationships that the newly activated alarm has with other currently activated alarms. Once the initial level of importance of the alarm has been determined, that alarm is again evaluated if another related alarm is activated or deactivated. Thus, each alarm's importance is continuously updated as the state of the process changes during a scenario. Four hierarchical relationships are defined by this alarm filtering methodology: (1) level precursor (usually occurs when there are two alarm settings on the same parameter); (2) direct precursor (based on causal factors between two alarms); (3) required action (system response or action expected within a specified time following activation of an alarm or combination of alarms and process signals); and (4) blocking condition (alarms that are normally expected and are not considered important). The alarm processing system and method is sensitive to the dynamic nature of the process being monitored and is capable of changing the relative importance of each alarm as necessary. 12 figs.

Corsberg, D.R.

1988-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

409

Recent Developments in Virtual Reality Based Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of virtual reality based educational modules are being developed to explore the capabilities of this emerging technology, and to determine how and where virtual reality can provide the greatest benefits to engineering educators. The most advanced application, Vicher, has been significantly expanded and split into two modules. Student evaluations of a newly developed safety analysis module show great promise, but also the need for further development. Other modules being developed cover topics in atomic crystal structures, fluid flow characteristics, thermodynamic relationships, and four component azeotropic distillation. This paper will describe the latest developments in the ongoing investigation of virtual reality as an educational medium. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND Engineering educators are making use of an increasing number of computer simulation packages to aid them in attaining their educational objectives 5,7,9,10. The reasons for doing so include the desire to reach students that have alternate learning styles 4,11, to provide experience based education 6, and to augment traditional laboratory facilities that are being stretched increasingly thin with growing enrollments 3.

John T. Bell; H. Scott Fogler

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Membrane-based wet electrostatic precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emissions of fine particulate matter, PM2.5, in both primary and secondary form, are difficult to capture in typical dry electrostatic precipitators (ESPs). Wet (or waterbased) ESPs are well suited for collection of acid aerosols and fine particulates because of greater corona power and virtually no re-entrainment. However, field disruptions because of spraying (misting) of water, formation of dry spots (channeling), and collector surface corrosion limit the applicability of current wet ESPs in the control of secondary PM2.5. Researchers at Ohio University have patented novel membrane collection surfaces to address these problems. Water-based cleaning in membrane collectors made of corrosion-resistant fibers is facilitated by capillary action between the fibers, maintaining an even distribution of water. This paper presents collection efficiency results of lab-scale and pilot-scale testing at First Energy's Bruce Mansfield Plant for the membrane-based wet ESP. The data indicate that a membrane wet ESP was more effective at collecting fine particulates, acid aerosols, and oxidized mercury than the metal-plate wet ESP, even with {approximately}15% less collecting area. 15 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

David J. Bayless; Liming Shi; Gregory Kremer; Ben J. Stuart; James Reynolds; John Caine [Ohio University, Athens, OH (US). Ohio Coal Research Center

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A geothermal resource data base: New Mexico  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides a compilation of geothermal well and spring information in New Mexico up to 1993. Economically important geothermal direct-use development in New Mexico and the widespread use of personal computers (PC) in recent years attest to the need for an easily used and accessible data base of geothermal data in a digital format suitable for the PC. This report and data base are a part of a larger congressionally-funded national effort to encourage and assist geothermal direct-use. In 1991, the US Department of Energy, Geothermal Division (DOE/GD) began a Low Temperature Geothermal Resources and Technology Transfer Program. Phase 1 of this program includes updating the inventory of wells and springs of ten western states and placing these data into a digital format that is universally accessible to the PC. The Oregon Institute of Technology GeoHeat Center (OIT) administers the program and the University of Utah Earth Sciences and Resources Institute (ESRI) provides technical direction.

Witcher, J.C. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Plenary lecture 1: information criteria and detection of change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Change-point problem primarly arose from the process of quality control in which one concerns about the outputs of a production line and wishes to find any departure from an acceptable standard of the product. The problem of abrupt changed is often encountered ...

Arjun K. Gupta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Amineborane Based Chemical Hydrogen Storage - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The development of efficient and safe methods for hydrogen storage is a major hurdle that must be overcome to enable the use of hydrogen as an alternative energy carrier. The objectives of this project in the DOE Center of Excellence in Chemical Hydride Storage were both to develop new methods for on-demand, low temperature hydrogen release from chemical hydrides and to design high-conversion off-board methods for chemical hydride regeneration. Because of their reactive protic (N-H) and hydridic (B-H) hydrogens and high hydrogen contents, amineboranes such as ammonia borane, NH3BH3 (AB), 19.6-wt% H2, and ammonia triborane NH3B3H7 (AT), 17.7-wt% H2, were initially identified by the Center as promising, high-capacity chemical hydrogen storage materials with the potential to store and deliver molecular hydrogen through dehydrogenation and hydrolysis reactions. In collaboration with other Center partners, the Penn project focused both on new methods to induce amineborane H2-release and on new strategies for the regeneration the amineborane spent-fuel materials. The Penn approach to improving amineborane H2-release focused on the use of ionic liquids, base additives and metal catalysts to activate AB dehydrogenation and these studies successfully demonstrated that in ionic liquids the AB induction period that had been observed in the solid-state was eliminated and both the rate and extent of AB H2-release were significantly increased. These results have clearly shown that, while improvements are still necessary, many of these systems have the potential to achieve DOE hydrogen-storage goals. The high extent of their H2­-release, the tunability of both their H2 materials weight-percents and release rates, and their product control that is attained by either trapping or suppressing unwanted volatile side products, such as borazine, continue to make AB/ionic­-liquid based systems attractive candidates for chemical hydrogen storage applications. These studies also demonstrated that H2-­release from chemical hydrides can occur by a number of different mechanistic pathways and strongly suggest that optimal chemical ­hydride based H2­release systems may require the use of synergistic dehydrogenation methods to induce H2­-loss from chemically different intermediates formed during release reactions. The efficient regeneration of ammonia borane from BNHx spent fuel is one of the most challenging problems that will have to be overcome in order to utilize AB-based hydrogen storage. Three Center partners, LANL, PNNL and Penn, each took different complimentary approaches to AB regeneration. The Penn approach focused on a strategy involving spent-fuel digestion with superacidic acids to produce boron-halides (BX3) that could then be converted to AB by coordination/reduction/displacement processes. While the Penn boron-halide reduction studies successfully demonstrated that a dialkylsulfide-based coordination/reduction/displacement process gave quantitative conversions of BBr3 to ammonia borane with efficient and safe product separations, the fact that AB spent-fuels could not be digested in good yields to BX3 halides led to a No-Go decision on this overall AB-regeneration strategy.

Sneddon, Larry G.

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

414

Unmanned and autonomous systems mission based test and evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose to apply principles from the Army Evaluation Center's Mission Based Test and Evaluation (MBT&E) to Unmanned and Autonomous Systems (UAS) Test and Evaluation (T&E) in order to conduct rigorous, real-world testing based on anticipated military ... Keywords: capability based evaluation, measures of effectiveness, measures of performance, mission and means framework, mission based test and evaluation, simulation based test and evaluation, unmanned and autonomous system test and evaluation

Philipp A. Djang; Frank Lopez

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

WCOID-DG: An approach for case base maintenance based on Weighting, Clustering, Outliers, Internal Detection and Dbsan-Gmeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success of the Case Based Reasoning system depends on the quality of the case data and the speed of the retrieval process that can be costly in time, especially when the number of cases gets bulky. To guarantee the system@?s quality, maintaining ... Keywords: Case base maintenance, Case based reasoning, Density based clustering, Gaussian-Means clustering, Outliers detection

Abir Smiti, Zied Elouedi

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings the speculative nature of the #12;A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy exercise, the rationale was to broaden implications of these changes, and how might we create energy policies to 2 #12;A lifestyle-based scenario

Diamond, Richard

417

Knowledge based engineering: Between AI and CAD. Review of a language based technology to support engineering design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge based engineering (KBE) is a relatively young technology with an enormous potential for engineering design applications. Unfortunately the amount of dedicated literature available to date is quite low and dispersed. This has not promoted the ... Keywords: Engineering design, Generative design, Knowledge based design, Knowledge based engineering, Knowledge engineering, Rule based design

Gianfranco La Rocca

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Manganese-Based Magnets: Manganese-Based Permanent Magnet with 40 MGOe at 200°C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: PNNL is working to reduce the cost of wind turbines and EVs by developing a manganese-based nano-composite magnet that could serve as an inexpensive alternative to rare-earth-based magnets. The manganese composite, made from low-cost and abundant materials, could exceed the performance of today’s most powerful commercial magnets at temperature higher than 200°C. Members of PNNL’s research team will leverage comprehensive computer high-performance supercomputer modeling and materials testing to meet this objective. Manganese-based magnets could withstand higher temperatures than their rare earth predecessors and potentially reduce the need for any expensive, bulky engine cooling systems for the motor and generator. This would further contribute to cost savings for both EVs and wind turbines.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GFD-R-P.206 GFD-R-P.206 NML-WG nml-wg@ogf.org Jeroen van der Ham, UvA (editor) Freek Dijkstra, SURFsara Roman Łapacz, PSNC Jason Zurawski, Internet2 May 2013 Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1 Status of This Document Grid Final Draft (GFD), Proposed Recommendation (R-P). Copyright Notice Copyright c Open Grid Forum (2008-2013). Some Rights Reserved. Distribution is unlim- ited. Abstract This document describes a set of normative schemas which allow the description of computer network topologies. Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1 Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

420

Aerosol-Based Duct Sealing Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Aerosol-Based Duct Sealing Technology During the past five years, research has quantified the impacts of residential duct system leakage on HVAC energy consumption and peak electricity demand. A typical house with ducts located in the attic or crawlspace wastes approximately 20% of heating and cooling energy through duct leaks and draws approximately 0.5 KW more electricity during peak cooling periods. A 1991 study indicated that sealing leaks could save close to one Quadrillion Btus per year. (see also Commercializing a New Technology) Because the major cost of sealing leaks in existing air distribution systems is the labor for the location and sealing process, reducing the labor could greatly improve the cost-effectiveness of such a retrofit. Field studies of duct sealing programs performed by HVAC contractors show

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421

Processing data base information having nonwhite noise  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for processing a set of data from an industrial process and/or a sensor. The method and system can include processing data from either real or calculated data related to an industrial process variable. One of the data sets can be an artificial signal data set generated by an autoregressive moving average technique. After obtaining two data sets associated with one physical variable, a difference function data set is obtained by determining the arithmetic difference between the two pairs of data sets over time. A frequency domain transformation is made of the difference function data set to obtain Fourier modes describing a composite function data set. A residual function data set is obtained by subtracting the composite function data set from the difference function data set and the residual function data set (free of nonwhite noise) is analyzed by a statistical probability ratio test to provide a validated data base.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Morreale, Patricia (Park Ridge, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The IHS Transformations Based Image Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The IHS sharpening technique is one of the most commonly used techniques for sharpening. Different transformations have been developed to transfer a color image from the RGB space to the IHS space. Through literature, it appears that, various scientists proposed alternative IHS transformations and many papers have reported good results whereas others show bad ones as will as not those obtained which the formula of IHS transformation were used. In addition to that, many papers show different formulas of transformation matrix such as IHS transformation. This leads to confusion what is the exact formula of the IHS transformation?. Therefore, the main purpose of this work is to explore different IHS transformation techniques and experiment it as IHS based image fusion. The image fusion performance was evaluated, in this study, using various methods to estimate the quality and degree of information improvement of a fused image quantitatively.

Al-Wassai, Firouz Abdullah; Al-Zuky, Ali A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

GSM Security Using Identity-based Cryptography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current security model in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) predominantly use symmetric key cryptography. The rapid advancement of Internet technology facilitates online trading, banking, downloading, emailing using resource-constrained handheld devices such as personal digital assistants and cell phones. However, these applications require more security than the present GSM supports. Consequently, a careful design of GSM security using both symmetric and asymmetric key cryptography would make GSM security more adaptable in security intensive applications. This paper presents a secure and efficient protocol for GSM security using identity based cryptography. The salient features of the proposed protocol are (i) authenticated key exchange; (ii) mutual authentication amongst communicating entities; and (iii) user anonymity. The security analysis of the protocol shows its strength against some known threats observed in conventional GSM security.

Agarwal, Animesh; Das, Manik Lal

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Energy Data Base: subject categories and scope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject scope of the Energy Data Base (EDB) encompasses all DOE-sponsored research. Broadly defined, EDB subject scope includes all technological aspects of energy production, conversion, and efficient utilization, and the economic, social, and political aspects as well. Scope notes are provided to define the extent of interest in certain subject areas, particularly areas of basic research. Cross references between categories are provided to aid both the categorization of information and its retrieval. Citations entered into DOE's computerized bibliographic information system are assigned six-digit subject category numbers to broadly group information for storage, retrieval, and manipulation. These numbers are used in the preparation of printed documents, such as bibliographies and abstract journals, to arrange the citations and to aid searching on the DOE/RECON on-line system.

Bost, D.E. (ed.)

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nanowire-based All Oxide Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an all-oxide solar cell fabricated from vertically oriented zinc oxide nanowires and cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solar cell consists of vertically oriented n-type zinc oxide nanowires, surrounded by a film constructed from p-type cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solution-based synthesis of inexpensive and environmentally benign oxide materials in a solar cell would allow for the facile production of large-scale photovoltaic devices. We found that the solar cell performance is enhanced with the addition of an intermediate oxide insulating layer between the nanowires and the nanoparticles. This observation of the important dependence of the shunt resistance on the photovoltaic performance is widely applicable to any nanowire solar cell constructed with the nanowire array in direct contact with one electrode.

Yang*, Benjamin D. Yuhas and Peidong; Yang, Peidong

2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

Reflectance based optical fiber chemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film chemical sensor undergoes changes in reflective optical properties when exposed to a chemical species. A thin metal film is deposited at the end of an optical fiber, and exposure of the thin film to the chemical species causes changes in the effective thickness of the thin film, thereby changing its reflective properties. A chemical detection system based on the thin film sensor includes a light source and an optical divider for dividing light from the light source into a first and second light path. The first light path leads to circuitry for providing a reference signal. The thin film chemical sensor receives light from the second light path, and a photoelectric detector detects light reflected from the chemical sensor and provides an electrical signal representative of the reflected light. Circuitry is provided for comparing the reference signal with the reflected light signal, thereby providing a measurement signal indicative of the presence of the chemical species. 5 figs.

Butler, M.A.; Pfeifer, K.B.; Ricco, A.J.

1988-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Multiple microprocessor based nuclear reactor power monitor  

SciTech Connect

The reactor power monitor is a portable multiple-microprocessor controlled data acquisition device being built for the International Atomic Energy Association. Its function is to measure and record the hourly integrated operating thermal power level of a nuclear reactor for the purpose of detecting unannounced plutonium production. The monitor consists of a /sup 3/He proportional neutron detector, a write-only cassette tape drive and control electronics based on two INTEL 8748 microprocessors. The reactor power monitor operates from house power supplied by the plant operator, but has eight hours of battery backup to cover power interruptions. Both the hourly power levels and any line power interruptions are recorded on tape and in memory. Intermediate dumps from the memory to a data terminal or strip chart recorder can be performed without interrupting data collection.

Lewis, P.S.; Ethridge, C.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Organic-Based ("Excitonic") Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing types of organic-based solar cells, including dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), can be categorized by their photoconversion mechanism as excitonic solar cells, XSCs. Their distinguishing characteristic is that charge generation and separation are simultaneous and this occurs via exciton dissociation at a heterointerface. Electrons are photogenerated on one side of the interface and holes on the other. This results in fundamental differences between XSCs and conventional PV cells. For example, the open circuit photovoltage, Voc, in conventional cells is limited to less than the magnitude of the band bending, bi; however, Voc in XSCs is commonly greater than bi. A general theoretical description is employed to quantify the differences between conventional and excitonic cells. The key difference is the dominant importance, in XSCs, of the photoinduced chemical potential energy gradient, ..delta..hn, whereas ..delta..hn is unimportant, and therefore neglected, in theoretical descriptions of conventional PV cells. Several examples are provided.

Gregg. B.A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Antimonide based devices for thermophotovoltaic applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices have been fabricated using epitaxial ternary and quaternary layers grown on GaSb substrates. GaInSb ternary devices were grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) with buffer layers to accommodate the lattice mismatch, and GaInAsSb lattice-matched quaternaries were grown by MOVPE. Improved devices are obtained when optical absorption occurs in the p-layer due to the longer minority carrier diffusion length. Thick emitter p/n devices are limited by surface recombination, with highest quantum efficiency and lowest dark current being achieved with epitaxially grown surface passivation layers on lattice-matched MOVPE quaternaries. Thin emitter/thick base, n/p devices are very promising, but require improved shallow high-quality n-type ohmic contacts. Diffused junction devices using quasi-binary substrates offer the possibility of good performance and low manufacturing cost.

Hitchcock, C.W.; Gutmann, R.J.; Borrego, J.M.; Bhat, I.B. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Center for Integrated Electronics and Electronics Manufacturing; Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Lattice-Based Volumetric Global Illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a novel volumetric global illumination framework based on the Face-Centered Cubic (FCC) lattice. An FCC lattice has important advantages over a Cartesian lattice. It has higher packing density in the frequency domain, which translates to better sampling efficiency. Furthermore, it has the maximal possible kissing number (equivalent to the number of nearest neighbors of each site), which provides optimal 3D angular discretization among all lattices. We employ a new two-pass (illumination and rendering) global illumination scheme on an FCC lattice. This scheme exploits the angular discretization to greatly simplify the computation in multiple scattering and to minimize illumination information storage. The GPU has been utilized to further accelerate the rendering stage. We demonstrate our new framework with participating media and volume rendering with multiple scattering, where both are significantly faster than traditional techniques with comparable quality.

Feng Qiu; Fang Xu; Zhe Fan; Neophytou Neophytos; Arie Kaufman; Klaus Mueller

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Novel sulfonate containing ET based synmetals.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrocrystallization of ET in the presence of aromatic and aliphatic sulfonate anions has led to many new ET salts. These new ET based sulfonate complexes are characterized with use of x-ray diffraction, four-probe conductivity measurements, ESR and Raman spectroscopes. A new {kappa}(4x4) donor packing motif was observed in (ET){sub 2}(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}CH{sub 2}SO{sub 3})H{sub 2}O. Strong hydrogen bonding between the sulfonate anion S-O and the donor ethylene C-H provides the driving force for the ET salt formation. Many of these new sulfonate salts are highly conductive with some remaining metallic to {approximately}4 K.

Wang, H. H.

1998-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Lanthanide-halide based humidity indicators  

SciTech Connect

The present invention discloses a lanthanide-halide based humidity indicator and method of producing such indicator. The color of the present invention indicates the humidity of an atmosphere to which it is exposed. For example, impregnating an adsorbent support such as silica gel with an aqueous solution of the europium-containing reagent solution described herein, and dehydrating the support to dryness forms a substance with a yellow color. When this substance is exposed to a humid atmosphere the water vapor from the air is adsorbed into the coating on the pore surface of the silica gel. As the water content of the coating increases, the visual color of the coated silica gel changes from yellow to white. The color change is due to the water combining with the lanthanide-halide complex on the pores of the gel.

Beitz, James V. (Hinsdale, IL); Williams, Clayton W. (Chicago, IL)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Metadata-Based Parallelization of Program Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program instrumentation has a wide variety of useful applications, but tool writers must overcome the challenge of substantial overheads caused by introducing additional code and data into a program. This paper observes that instrumentation usually operates on many discrete, independent data structures, which we call metadata parallelism. We proposes to exploit this phenomenon to reduce the overhead of instrumented programs by executing instrumentation function invocations that manipulate different pieces of metadata simultaneously in different threads. The key challenge to spreading instrumentation function execution across many threads is ensuring that metadata updates occur in the correct order, and do not suffer from data races. Metadata-based parallelization solves this problem by using a user-specified mapping of instrumentation function invocations to serialization sets.

Matthew D. Allen; Gurindar S. Sohi; Matthew D. Allen; Gurindar S. Sohi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Nonlinear transmission line based electron beam driver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gated field emission cathodes can provide short electron pulses without the requirement of laser systems or cathode heating required by photoemission or thermionic cathodes. The large electric field requirement for field emission to take place can be achieved by using a high aspect ratio cathode with a large field enhancement factor which reduces the voltage requirement for emission. In this paper, a cathode gate driver based on the output pulse train from a nonlinear transmission line is experimentally demonstrated. The application of the pulse train to a tufted carbon fiber field emission cathode generates short electron pulses. The pulses are approximately 2 ns in duration with emission currents of several mA, and the train contains up to 6 pulses at a frequency of 100 MHz. Particle-in-cell simulation is used to predict the characteristic of the current pulse train generated from a single carbon fiber field emission cathode using the same technique.

French, David M.; Hoff, Brad W.; Tang Wilkin; Heidger, Susan; Shiffler, Don [Directed Energy Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Allen-Flowers, Jordan [Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

A shader based approach to painterly rendering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a texture-based painterly shader that would render computer generated objects or scenes with strokes that are visually similar to paint media like watercolor, oil paint or dry media such as crayons, chalk, et cetera. This method would need an input scene in the form of three dimensional polygonal or NURBS meshes. While the structure of the meshes and the lighting in the scene would both play a crucial role in the ?nal appearance of the scene, the painterly look will be imparted through a shader. This method, therefore, is essentially a rendering technique. Several modi?able parameters in the shader gives the user artistic freedom while overall introducing some amount of automation in the painterly rendering process.

Pal, Kaushik

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Topological Cacti: Visualizing Contour-based Statistics  

SciTech Connect

Contours, the connected components of level sets, play an important role in understanding the global structure of a scalar field. In particular their nestingbehavior and topology-often represented in form of a contour tree-have been used extensively for visualization and analysis. However, traditional contour trees onlyencode structural properties like number of contours or the nesting of contours, but little quantitative information such as volume or other statistics. Here we use thesegmentation implied by a contour tree to compute a large number of per-contour (interval) based statistics of both the function defining the contour tree as well asother co-located functions. We introduce a new visual metaphor for contour trees, called topological cacti, that extends the traditional toporrery display of acontour tree to display additional quantitative information as width of the cactus trunk and length of its spikes. We apply the new technique to scalar fields ofvarying dimension and different measures to demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach.

Weber, Gunther H.; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Pascucci, Valerio

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

437

Guide to Minimizing Compress-based Cooling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guide to Minimizing Guide to Minimizing Compressor-based Cooling in Data Centers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Author: William Tschudi May 2013 2 Contacts William Tschudi Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 510-495-2417 wftschudi@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E. Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 202.586.3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov Cover photo: Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Arlen Specter Headquarters and Operations Center reached LEED Silver rating through sustainable design and operations that decrease energy consumption by 20%

438

HSRL mass estimate based on CALIPSO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NASA B-200 King Air ARCTAS/ISDAC NASA B-200 King Air ARCTAS/ISDAC Operations and Science Richard Ferrare, Chris Hostetler, John Hair, Anthony Cook, David Harper, Mike Obland, Ray Rogers, Sharon Burton, Matt Shupe, Dave Turner, Connor Flynn B200/HSRL Deployment During ARCTAS (Spring)  Independently measures aerosol/cloud extinction and backscatter profiles at 532 nm  Includes - Backscatter channels at 1064 nm - Polarization sensitivity at 532 and 1064 nm  Profile Measurement capabilities - Extensive measurements * Backscatter at 532 and 1064 nm * Extinction at 532 nm - Intensive measurements * Color ratio (or Angstrom coeff.) for backscatter (β 1064 / β 532 ) * Extinction-to-backscatter ratio at 532 nm * Depolarization at 532 and 1064 nm High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) *B200 based in Barrow, Alaska

439

Comparison of accelerator-based with reactor-based waste transmutation schemes  

SciTech Connect

Accelerator-based transmutation of waste (ATW) systems for the destruction of commercial LWR spent fuel are compared with systems based on thermal reactors accomplish the same objectives. When the same technology is assumed for the actinide-burning aspect of the two systems, it is seen that the size of the accelerator is determined only by the choice of how many of the long-lived fission products to burn. if none are transmuted, then the accelerator is not necessary. This result is independent of the choice of fluid carrier, and whether the actinides are destroyed in an ATW system or in a separate reactor.

Sailor, W.C.; Beard, C.A.; Venneri, F.; Davidson, J.W.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Rule-based query answering method for a knowledge base of economic crimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a description of the PhD thesis which aims to propose a rule-based query answering method for relational data. In this approach we use an additional knowledge which is represented as a set of rules and describes the source data at concept (ontological) level. Queries are posed in the terms of abstract level. We present two methods. The first one uses hybrid reasoning and the second one exploits only forward chaining. These two methods are demonstrated by the prototypical implementation of the system coupled with the Jess engine. Tests are performed on the knowledge base of the selected economic crimes: fraudulent disbursement and money laundering.

Bak, Jaroslaw

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Sensor-based demand controlled ventilation  

SciTech Connect

In most buildings, occupancy and indoor pollutant emission rates vary with time. With sensor-based demand-controlled ventilation (SBDCV), the rate of ventilation (i.e., rate of outside air supply) also varies with time to compensate for the changes in pollutant generation. In other words, SBDCV involves the application of sensing, feedback and control to modulate ventilation. Compared to ventilation without feedback, SBDCV offers two potential advantages: (1) better control of indoor pollutant concentrations; and (2) lower energy use and peak energy demand. SBDCV has the potential to improve indoor air quality by increasing the rate of ventilation when indoor pollutant generation rates are high and occupants are present. SBDCV can also save energy by decreasing the rate of ventilation when indoor pollutant generation rates are low or occupants are absent. After providing background information on indoor air quality and ventilation, this report provides a relatively comprehensive discussion of SBDCV. Topics covered in the report include basic principles of SBDCV, sensor technologies, technologies for controlling air flow rates, case studies of SBDCV, application of SBDCV to laboratory buildings, and research needs. SBDCV appears to be an increasingly attractive technology option. Based on the review of literature and theoretical considerations, the application of SBDCV has the potential to be cost-effective in applications with the following characteristics: (a) a single or small number of dominant pollutants, so that ventilation sufficient to control the concentration of the dominant pollutants provides effective control of all other pollutants; (b) large buildings or rooms with unpredictable temporally variable occupancy or pollutant emission; and (c) climates with high heating or cooling loads or locations with expensive energy.

De Almeida, A.T. [Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal). Dep. Eng. Electrotecnica; Fisk, W.J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: GTAP 6 Data Base Agency/Company /Organization: Purdue University Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/databases/v6/default.asp GTAP 6 Data Base Screenshot References: GTAP Data Base[1] "The GTAP Data Base is a fully documented, publicly available global data base which contains complete bilateral trade information, transport and protection linkages among 113 regions for all 57 GTAP commodities for a single year. " GTAP 6 Data Base "Includes: Updated data base corresponds to the global economy in 2001 Additional regional disaggregation (87 regions and 57 sectors),

443

Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Market-Based Programs on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions Market-Based Programs To facilitate successful market introduction of high-quality,

444

AAB Asia Alliance Base International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AAB Asia Alliance Base International AAB Asia Alliance Base International Jump to: navigation, search Name AAB (Asia Alliance Base) International Place Beijing Municipality, China Zip 101309 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Manufacturers and sells small-scale wind turbines, solar PV and wind/ hybrid solar PV systems, primarily for domestic use. References AAB (Asia Alliance Base) International[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AAB (Asia Alliance Base) International is a company located in Beijing Municipality, China . References ↑ "AAB (Asia Alliance Base) International" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AAB_Asia_Alliance_Base_International&oldid=34165

445

FAQS Qualification Card - General Technical Base | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Technical Base General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - General Technical Base A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-GeneralTechnicalBase-2007.docx Description General Technical Base Qualification Card - 2007 FAQC-GeneralTechnicalBase-2001.docx Description

446

Reality-based 3D modeling, segmentation and web-based visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most significant consequences of the introduction of digital 3D modeling in the Cultural Heritage field is the possibility to use 3D models as highly effective and intuitive means of communication as well as interface to share and visualize ... Keywords: 3D modeling, laser scanning, photogrammetry, segmentation, semantic, web-based visualization

Anna Maria Manferdini; Fabio Remondino

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Adult age differences in perceptually based, but not conceptually based implicit tests of memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implicit tests of memory assess the influence of recent experience without requiring awareness of remembering. Evidence concerning age differences on implicit tests of memory suggests small age differences in favor of younger adults. However, the majority of research examining this issue has relied upon perceptually based implicit tests. Recently, a second type of implicit test, one that relies upon conceptually based processes, has been identified. The pattern of age differences on this second type of implicit test is less clear. In the present study, we examined the pattern of age differences oh one conceptually based (fact completion) and one perceptually based (stem completion) implicit test of memory, as well as two explicit tests of memory (fact and word recall). Tasks were administered to 403 adults from three age groups (19-34 years, 58-73 years, 74-89 years). Significant age differences in favor of the young were found on stem completion but not fact completion. Age differences were present for both word and fact recall. Correlational analyses examining the relationship of memory performance to other cognitive variables indicated that the implicit tests were supported by different components than the explicit tests, as well as being different from each other. IN RECENT years, there has been a great deal of interest in implicit tests of memory (Graf & Masson, 1993; Lewandosky, Dunn, & Kirsner, 1989). Unlike explicit tests of

Brent J. Small; David F. Hultsch; Michael E. J. Masson

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Simple, state-based approaches to program-based anomaly detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes variants of two state-based intrusion detection algorithms from Michael and Ghosh [2000] and Ghosh et al. [2000], and gives experimental results on their performance. The algorithms detect anomalies in execution audit data. One ... Keywords: Anomaly detection, finite automata, information system security, intrusion detection, machine learning

C. C. Michael; Anup Ghosh

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Semantic audio content-based music recommendation and visualization based on user preference examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preference elicitation is a challenging fundamental problem when designing recommender systems. In the present work we propose a content-based technique to automatically generate a semantic representation of the user's musical preferences directly from ... Keywords: Evaluation, Information systems, Music information retrieval, Preference visualization, Recommender system, User modeling

Dmitry Bogdanov; MartíN Haro; Ferdinand Fuhrmann; Anna Xambó; Emilia GóMez; Perfecto Herrera

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

An agent-based workflow system for enterprise based on FIPA-OS framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes what we have learned from implementing a multi-agent architecture used to support enterprise notions and principles for intelligent systems design. In the last couple of years, agent-based management systems have been widely used ... Keywords: FIPA-OS, Multi-agent system, Workflow management

Yao Jung Yang; Tien-Wen Sung; Chuni Wu; Hsiang-Yang Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Shape-based versus sketch-based UI prototyping: a comparative study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the early user interface design phase, different solutions should be explored and iteratively refined by the design team. In this rapidly evolving scenario, a tool that enables and facilitates changes is of great value. UISKEI takes the power ... Keywords: early prototyping, pen-based interaction, sketching user interface behavior, user interface sketching

Vinícius C. V. B. Segura; Simone D. J. Barbosa

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Dissimilarity based feature selection for text classification: a cluster based approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a simple and efficient symbolic text classification is presented. We propose a new method of representing documents based on clustering of term frequency vectors. For each class of documents we propose to create multiple clusters to preserve ... Keywords: dissimilarity measure, fuzzy C means, symbolic representation, text classification, text document

S. Manjunath; B. S. Harish; D. S. Guru

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J g R l O I T H m WftSTFS DOE EOB Search S t r a t e g yF r a n c i s c o , CA, DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUSContract W-740S-ENQ-48 iVtt DOE'* Energy Data Bate (EDB)

Robinson, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A QoS provisioning mechanisms based on effective bandwidth for the polling based WLAN system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HCCA has been standardized to provide real-time services with reservation based QoS support using the polling mechanism. To decide whether the service is admitted, the ACU is presented in the specification. The reference scheduler is also specified to ... Keywords: WLAN, admission control, real-time application, scheduler

Hyun-Jin Lee; Kyu-Hwan Lee; Jae-Hyun Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Information kiosk based Indian e-governance service delivery: value chain based measurement and acceptance modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Globally, e-governance systems are evolving towards wider acceptance. Almost all the countries have embraced e-governance as part of their long term policy. Contemporary e-governance implementation efforts however, are not free from challenges. While ... Keywords: e-governance, information kiosk based services, modeling citizen acceptance, user centered services, user interfaces, value chain

Harekrishna Misra

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Seca Coal-Based Systems Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the progress made during the August 1, 2006 - May 31, 2008 award period under Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-05NT42614 for the U. S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory (USDOE/NETL) entitled 'SECA Coal Based Systems'. The initial overall objective of this program was to design, develop, and demonstrate multi-MW integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) power plants with >50% overall efficiency from coal (HHV) to AC power. The focus of the program was to develop low-cost, high performance, modular solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology to support coal gas IGFC power systems. After a detailed GE internal review of the SOFC technology, the program was de-scoped at GE's request. The primary objective of this program was then focused on developing a performance degradation mitigation path for high performing, cost-effective solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). There were two initial major objectives in this program. These were: (1) Develop and optimize a design of a >100 MWe integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) power plant; (2) Resolve identified barrier issues concerning the long-term economic performance of SOFC. The program focused on designing and cost estimating the IGFC system and resolving technical and economic barrier issues relating to SOFC. In doing so, manufacturing options for SOFC cells were evaluated, options for constructing stacks based upon various cell configurations identified, and key performance characteristics were identified. Key factors affecting SOFC performance degradation for cells in contact with metallic interconnects were be studied and a fundamental understanding of associated mechanisms was developed using a fixed materials set. Experiments and modeling were carried out to identify key processes/steps affecting cell performance degradation under SOFC operating conditions. Interfacial microstructural and elemental changes were characterized, and their relationships to observed degradation identified. Mitigation strategies, including innovative coatings and bond layers, were developed, evaluated and down-selected to improve degradation rates. Focus was on microstructural stabilization and minimization of the ASR contribution from Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} scale growth and other interactions at electrode/interconnect interfaces evaluated during electrochemical testing and advanced microstructural characterization. Novel long-term and accelerated testing techniques were developed and conducted under standard operating conditions to demonstrate capability to meet targeted degradation rates.

Matthew Alinger

2008-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

SILVER AND GOLD BASED AUTOMETALLOGRAPHY OF NANOGOLD.  

SciTech Connect

For many applications, silver salt-based autometallography (often also called silver enhancement or silver development) is required to visualize colloidal gold (1-5 nm in diameter) or the small 1.4 nm Nanogold{reg_sign} particles (Nanoprobes, Yaphank, NY, USA). Although even Nanogold may be seen directly by scanning-transmission electron microscopy (STEM), by transmission EM (TEM; in thin sections without stain or ice-embedded cryo-EM samples), energy filtered TEM, and scanning EM (SEM), silver enhancement makes viewing in the EM more facile since the particles are enlarged to approximately 10 to 20 nm, convenient for most specimens. Autometallographic (AMG) enhancement is required in order to visualize smaller gold particles such as Nanogold for light microscopy (LM) or in blots or gels. This chapter includes the following protocols: Protocol for HQ silver enhancement of Nanogold; Protocols for use of silver-enhanced Nanogold with osmium tetroxide--(A) Procedure using reduced concentration of OsO{sub 4}; (B) Procedures for gold toning; Protocol for HQ silver enhancement of Nanogold in pre-embedding immunocytochemistry for cell cultures; Protocol for gold enhancement of Nanogold for EM; Protocol for gold enhancement of Nanogold for LM; Protocol for staining blots with Nanogold and silver enhancement; and Protocol for staining gels with Nanogold and silver enhancement.

HAINFELD,J.F.POWELL,R.D.

2002-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

458

Photonic switching devices based on semiconductor nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Squeezing and guiding light into semiconductor nanostructures delivers revolutionary concepts of photonic devices, which may offer a practical pathway towards power-efficient optical networks. In this review, we consider photonic switches using semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) and photonic cavities. By intuitively introducing in a field enhancement factor, the optical nonlinearity of nano-photonic switches can be understood and this has shown their unique features to dramatically improve the power-density/speed limitation that has lain in conventional photonic switches for decades. In addition, the power consumption has been reduced due to the atom-like characterization of QDs as well as the nano-size footprint of photonic cavities. Based on this theoretical perspective, the current progress of QD/cavity switches is reviewed in terms of various optical nonlinearities which have been employed to demonstrate photonic switching at the nanoscale. Emerging functionalities enabled by cavity nonlinear effects such as the wavelength tuning and Purcell-factor tuning have been further introduced.

Chao-Yuan Jin; Osamu Wada

2013-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

Flint: Google-basing the Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several Web sites deliver a large number of pages, each publishing data about one instance of some real world entity, such as an athlete, a stock quote, a book. Even though it is easy for a human reader to recognize these instances, current search engines are unaware of them. Technologies for the Semantic Web aim at achieving this goal; however, so far they have been of little help in this respect, as semantic publishing is very limited. We have developed a system, called FLINT, for automatically searching, collecting and indexing Web pages that publish data representing an instance of a certain conceptual entity. FLINT takes as input a small set of labeled sample pages: it automatically infers a description of the underlying conceptual entity and then searches the Web for other pages containing data representing the same entity. FLINT automatically extracts data from the collected pages and stores them into a semi-structured self-describing database, such as Google Base. Also, the collected pages can be used to populate a custom search engine; to this end we rely on the facilities provided by Google Co-op. 1.

Lorenzo Blanco; Valter Crescenzi; Paolo Merialdo; Paolo Papotti; Roma Tre

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Thermochemical hydrogen production based on magnetic fusion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Conceptual design studies have been carried out on an integrated fusion/chemical plant system using a Tandem Mirror Reactor fusion energy source to drive the General Atomic Sulfur-Iodine Water-Splitting Cycle and produce hydrogen as a future feedstock for synthetic fuels. Blanket design studies for the Tandem Mirror Reactor show that several design alternatives are available for providing heat at sufficiently high temperatures to drive the General Atomic Cycle. The concept of a Joule-boosted decomposer is introduced in one of the systems investigated to provide heat electrically for the highest temperature step in the cycle (the SO/sub 3/ decomposition step), and thus lower blanket design requirements and costs. Flowsheeting and conceptual process designs have been developed for a complete fusion-driven hydrogen plant, and the information has been used to develop a plot plan for the plant and to estimate hydrogen production costs. Both public and private utility financing approaches have been used to obtain hydrogen production costs of $12-14/GJ based on July 1980 dollars.

Krikorian, O.H.; Brown, L.C.

1982-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "based primar ily" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Agent-based Models of Financial Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review deals with several microscopic (``agent-based'') models of financial markets which have been studied by economists and physicists over the last decade: Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon, Cont-Bouchaud, Solomon-Weisbuch, Lux-Marchesi, Donangelo-Sneppen and Solomon-Levy-Huang. After an overview of simulation approaches in financial economics, we first give a summary of the Donangelo-Sneppen model of monetary exchange and compare it with related models in economics literature. Our selective review then outlines the main ingredients of some influential early models of multi-agent dynamics in financial markets (Kim-Markowitz, Levy-Levy-Solomon). As will be seen, these contributions draw their inspiration from the complex appearance of investors' interactions in real-life markets. Their main aim is to reproduce (and, thereby, provide possible explanations) for the spectacular bubbles and crashes seen in certain historical episodes, but they lack (like almost all the work before 1998 or so) a perspective ...

Samanidou, E; Stauffer, D; Lux, T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Cantilever-based electret energy harvesters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration of structures and functions allowed reducing electric consumptions of sensors, actuators and electronic devices. Therefore, it is now possible to imagine low-consumption devices able to harvest their energy in their surrounding environment. One way to proceed is to develop converters able to turn mechanical energy, such as vibrations, into electricity: this paper focuses on electrostatic converters using electrets. We develop an accurate analytical model of a simple but efficient cantilever-based electret energy harvester. Therefore, we prove that with vibrations of 0.1g (~1m/s^{2}), it is theoretically possible to harvest up to 30\\muW per gram of mobile mass. This power corresponds to the maximum output power of a resonant energy harvester according to the model of William and Yates. Simulations results are validated by experimental measurements but the issues of parasitic capacitances get a large impact. Therefore, we 'only' managed to harvest 10\\muW per gram of mobile mass, but according to our...

Boisseau, S; Ricart, T; Defay, E; Sylvestre, A; 10.1088/0964-1726/20/10/105013

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Base drive and overlap protection circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inverter (34) which provides power to an A. C. machine (28) is controlled by a circuit (36) employing PWM control strategy whereby A. C. power is supplied to the machine at a preselectable frequency and preselectable voltage. This is accomplished by the technique of waveform notching in which the shapes of the notches are varied to determine the average energy content of the overall waveform. Through this arrangement, the operational efficiency of the A. C. machine is optimized. The control circuit includes a microcomputer and memory element which receive various parametric inputs and calculate optimized machine control data signals therefrom. The control data is asynchronously loaded into the inverter through an intermediate buffer (38). A base drive and overlap protection circuit is included to insure that both transistors of a complimentary pair are not conducting at the same time. In its preferred embodiment, the present invention is incorporated within an electric vehicle (10) employing a 144 VDC battery pack (32) and a three-phase induction motor (18).

Gritter, David J. (Southfield, MI)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Portfolio-Based Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Portfolio-Based Planning Process for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Based Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on AddThis.com...

466

Bayesian Assessment of Rounding-Based Disclosure Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider how the security of a disclosure control mechanism based on randomised, but uncontrolled, rounding can be assessed by Bayesian methods. We develop a methodology, based on Markov chain Monte Carlo, for estimating the conditional ...

Jon J. Forster; Roger C. Gill

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Utah Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1990 46,944 46,944...

468

Utah and Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Utah and Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

469

Dynamic component substitution in web-based simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent breakthroughs in communication and software engineering has resulted in significant growth of web-based computing. Web-based techniques have been employed for modeling, simulation, and analysis of systems. The models for simulation are usually ...

Dhananjai Madhava Rao; Philip A. Wilsey

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Illinois Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1990 571,959 571,959...

471

Web-based methods in terrorism and disaster research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute, Seoul, South Korea. Web-based Methods Dillman, D.Bowker, D. K. (2001). The Web questionnaire challenge toNew York: Guilford Press. Web-based Methods Schuster, M.A. ,

Schlenger, W E; Silver, Roxane Cohen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Tools for World Wide Web based legal decision support systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of legal knowledge based systems (LKBS) in commercial use are rule based and target domains of law characterized by large and complex statutes where modelling discretion is not a central concern. Furthermore, to date, few LKBS execute on ...

Andrew Stranieri; John Yearwood; John Zeleznikow

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Bridging language-based and process calculi security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language-based and process calculi-based information security are well developed fields of computer security. Although these fields have much in common, it is somewhat surprising that the literature lacks a comprehensive account of a formal link between ...

Riccardo Focardi; Sabina Rossi; Andrei Sabelfeld

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Large Diameter 718 Ingots for Land-Based Gas Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

h'ew high efficiency land based gas turbines made by General Electric ... Materials used for turbine rotors in land-based gas turbines have typically been CrMoV ...

475

New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

476

Louisiana--North Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Louisiana--North Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

477

Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

478

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

479

Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

480

Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production ...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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481

Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

482

Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

483

Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

484

North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

485

Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

486

Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

487

Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

488

Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

489

[HUGE]: universal architecture for statistically based HUman GEsturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a universal architecture for statistically based HUman GEsturing (HUGE) system, for producing and using statistical models for facial gestures based on any kind of inducement. As inducement we consider any kind of signal that occurs in parallel ...

Karlo Smid; Goranka Zoric; Igor S. Pandzic

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

l R ti F l C ll b d A i E h M b f Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes for Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes for g g...

491

Efficient password-based authenticated key exchange without public information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the first password-based authenticated key exchange (PAKE) was proposed, it has enjoyed a considerable amount of interest from the cryptographic research community. To our best knowledge, most of proposed PAKEs based on Diffie-Hellman key exchange ...

Jun Shao; Zhenfu Cao; Licheng Wang; Rongxing Lu

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Manipulation of bacteria using three dimensional insulator based dielectrophoresis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) is a very promising technique for sorting microparticles based on their electrical properties. By using constrictions in a microchannel to generate large electric field gradients, ...

Braff, William Allan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Geothermal energy in Alaska: site data base and development status  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The various factors affecting geothermal resource development are summarized for Alaska including: resource data base, geological description, reservoir characteristics, environmental character, base and development status, institutional factors, economics, population and market, and development potential. (MHR)

Markle, D.R.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Fault tolerance mechanism of agent-based distributed event system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Event based system development is increasingly becoming popular for large-scale and heterogeneous distributed platforms because it helps diminishing software dependencies, and enhancing system integration and evolution. The architecture of an event based ...

Ozgur Koray Sahingoz; A. Coskun Sonmez

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Agent-based intelligent information dissemination in dynamically changing environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter presents an agent-based approach to intelligent information dissemination in dynamic environments. We will describe a prototype agent-based system, called the Anticipator, which enables an information dissemination system to adapt to changing ...

H. Sevay; C. Tsatsoulis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

497

Climate and Architecture: The TVA Climatic Data Base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The TVA Climatic Data Base (Finsen, 1980) is a graphic portrayal and analysis of the climatic elements and influences important to the building professions toward the resolution of climate responsive architectural design. The data base, including ...

Peter I. Finsen; Charles L. Bach; Robert C. Beebe

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Philippine Bases and U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BASES AN-fJ U.S. NUCLEAR WEAPONS POLICY In 1947, when Unitedcould bring as many nuclear weapons as It wanted onto theinclude opposition to U.S. nuclear weapons and bases In the

Schirmer, Daniel Boone

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Banshee: a scalable constraint-based analysis toolkit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce Banshee, a toolkit for constructing constraint-based analyses. Banshee's novel features include a code generator for creating customized constraint resolution engines, incremental analysis based on backtracking, and fast persistence. ...

John Kodumal; Alex Aiken

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Multi-level decision-based system architecting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision-based system architecting represents a complex system as a set of interconnected decisions that a .system architect can make about the trade space. Modeling a system using decision-based frameworks allows the ...

Guest, Arthur N. (Arthur Norman)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z