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1

Budget estimates, fiscal year 1997. Volume 12  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 1997.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2009 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous...

3

,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2008 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous...

4

Third Carbon Sequestration Atlas Estimates Up to 5,700 Years of CO2 Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Third Carbon Sequestration Atlas Estimates Up to 5,700 Years of CO2 Third Carbon Sequestration Atlas Estimates Up to 5,700 Years of CO2 Storage Potential in U.S. and Portions of Canada Third Carbon Sequestration Atlas Estimates Up to 5,700 Years of CO2 Storage Potential in U.S. and Portions of Canada December 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - There could be as much as 5,700 years of carbon dioxide (CO2) storage potential available in geologic formations in the United States and portions of Canada, according to the latest edition of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Carbon Sequestration Atlas (Atlas III). The updated preliminary estimate, based on current emission rates, documents 1,800 billion to more than 20,000 billion metric tons of CO2 storage potential in saline formations, oil and gas reservoirs, and unmineable coal areas. This suggests the availability of approximately

5

Component of variance estimation based on synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Component of Variance Estimation based on. Synthesis. (August lg (2) Jocelyn Anthea Tommerup, B. Sc. , B. Econ. , University of Queenslsnd Directed. by: Dr. H. 0. Hartley Analysis of variance, widely used in the study of statistical variation.... Essentially the problem is to find these coefficients so that, estimstes of the components may be computed. Hartley [1967] hss proposed a method which gives these coef'ficients directly for sry design, balanced of' unbalanced. It is the objective...

Tommerup, Jocelyn Anthea

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

6

A Novel Harmony Search Algorithm for One-Year-Ahead Energy Demand Estimation Using Macroeconomic Variables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we tackle a problem of one-year ahead energy demand estimation from macroeconomic variables. A modified Harmony ... the proposed approach in a real problem of Energy demand estimation in Spain, from...

Sancho Salcedo-Sanz…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Who's In The Dark: Satellite Based Estimates Of Electrification Rates  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to estimate the percent population having electric power access based on the presence of satellite detected nighttime lighting. A global survey was conducted for the year 2006 using nighttime lights collected by the U.S. Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) in combination with the U.S. Department of Energy Landscan population dataset. The survey includes results for 229 countries and more than 2000 subnational units. The results are compared to reported electrification rates for 87 countries compiled from a variety of sources by the International Energy Agency. The DMSP derived estimate of number of people worldwide who lack access to electricity is 1.62 billion, only slightly larger than the 1.58 billion estimated by the International Energy Agency.

Elvidge, Christopher D. [NOAA National Geophysical Data Center,; Baugh, Kimberly E. [NOAA National Geophysical Data Center,; Sutton, Paul S. [University of Denver; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL; Tuttle, Benjamin T. [NOAA National Geophysical Data Center,; Ghosh, Tilottama [University of Denver; Ziskin, Daniel [University of Colorado, Boulder; Erwin, Edward [NOAA National Geophysical Data Center,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Ten years of probabilistic estimates of biocrystal solvent content: new insights via nonparametric kernel density estimate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The widely used 2003 Matthews probability calculator predicting the most probable number of molecules in the asymmetric unit as a function of resolution has been updated with 2013 data, and a new parameter-free kernel density estimator has been implemented. Analysis of multiple parameters confirms that solvent content remains the primary and dominating parameter determining the diffraction limit (resolution) of protein crystals.

Weichenberger, C.X.

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

9

Sample Based Unit Liter Dose Estimates  

SciTech Connect

The Tank Waste Characterization Program has taken many core samples, grab samples, and auger samples from the single-shell and double-shell tanks during the past 10 years. Consequently, the amount of sample data available has increased, both in terms of quantity of sample results and the number of tanks characterized. More and better data is available than when the current radiological and toxicological source terms used in the Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) (FDH 1999) and the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) (FDH 1999) were developed. The Nuclear Safety and Licensing (NS&L) organization wants to use the new data to upgrade the radiological and toxicological source terms used in the BIO and FSAR. The NS and L organization requested assistance in developing a statistically based process for developing the source terms. This report describes the statistical techniques used and the assumptions made to support the development of a new radiological source term for liquid and solid wastes stored in single-shell and double-shell tanks.

JENSEN, L.

1999-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

10

Magnetic Field based Heading Estimation for Pedestrian Navigation Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic Field based Heading Estimation for Pedestrian Navigation Environments Muhammad Haris Afzal held devices, these other sources are accelerometers for roll and pitch estimates and magnetic field sensors for the heading. In order to utilize the magnetic field sensors for heading estimation

Calgary, University of

11

HSRL mass estimate based on CALIPSO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NASA B-200 King Air ARCTAS/ISDAC NASA B-200 King Air ARCTAS/ISDAC Operations and Science Richard Ferrare, Chris Hostetler, John Hair, Anthony Cook, David Harper, Mike Obland, Ray Rogers, Sharon Burton, Matt Shupe, Dave Turner, Connor Flynn B200/HSRL Deployment During ARCTAS (Spring)  Independently measures aerosol/cloud extinction and backscatter profiles at 532 nm  Includes - Backscatter channels at 1064 nm - Polarization sensitivity at 532 and 1064 nm  Profile Measurement capabilities - Extensive measurements * Backscatter at 532 and 1064 nm * Extinction at 532 nm - Intensive measurements * Color ratio (or Angstrom coeff.) for backscatter (β 1064 / β 532 ) * Extinction-to-backscatter ratio at 532 nm * Depolarization at 532 and 1064 nm High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) *B200 based in Barrow, Alaska

12

Comparison of Historical Satellite-Based Estimates of Solar Radiation Resources with Recent Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Measurements: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The availability of rotating shadow band radiometer measurement data at several new stations provides an opportunity to compare historical satellite-based estimates of solar resources with measurements. We compare mean monthly daily total (MMDT) solar radiation data from eight years of NSRDB and 22 years of NASA hourly global horizontal and direct beam solar estimates with measured data from three stations, collected after the end of the available resource estimates.

Myers, D. R.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

PARAMETER ESTIMATION BASED MODELS OF WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARAMETER ESTIMATION BASED MODELS OF WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMPS By HUI JIN Bachelor of Science validation of the water-to-air heat pump model. It's hard to find any words to express the thanks to my BASED MODELS OF WATER SLOURCE HEAT PUMPS Thesis Approved: Thesis Adviser Dean of the Graduate College ii

14

Compendium of Data for the Hanford Site (Fiscal Years 2004 to 2008) Applicable to Estimation of Recharge Rates  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compendium of recharge data collected in Fiscal Years 2004 through 2008 at various soil and surface covers found and planned in the 200 West and 200 East Areas of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. The addition of these new data to previously published recharge data will support improved estimates of recharge with respect to location and soil cover helpful to evaluations and risk assessments of radioactive and chemical wastes at this site. Also presented are evaluations of the associated uncertainties, limitations, and data gaps in the existing knowledge base for recharge at the Hanford Site.

Nichols, William E.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Downs, Janelle L.

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

15

2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates Summary File Tracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Estimates Summary File Tracts Estimates Summary File Tracts and Block Groups BusinessUSA Data/Tools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov » Communities » BusinessUSA » Data 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates Summary File Tracts and Block Groups Dataset Summary Description A nationwide survey that collects information such as age, race, income, commute time to work, home value, veteran status, and other data. Data from the American Community Survey and the Puerto Rico Community Survey were collected during calendar years 2005- 2009. Data available at the block group level. Tags {ACS,demographic,population,age,sex,disability,education,employment,income,ancestry,language,poverty,race,ethnicity,"Hispanic or Latino origin",relationships,"veteran status",grandparents,"marital status",marriage,divorce,fertility,"school enrollment",housing,tenure,renters,owners,homeowner,"physical characteristics","financial characteristics","number of rooms",mortgage,"household size","family type",Economic,industry,"grandparents as caregivers","journey to work",occupation,"health insurance","food stamps",SNAP,"place of birth",social,veterans,citizenship,employment,disability}

16

CALIBRATING C-IV-BASED BLACK HOLE MASS ESTIMATORS  

SciTech Connect

We present the single-epoch black hole mass estimators based on the C IV {lambda}1549 broad emission line, using the updated sample of the reverberation-mapped active galactic nuclei and high-quality UV spectra. By performing multi-component spectral fitting analysis, we measure the C IV line widths (FWHM{sub C{sub IV}} and line dispersion, {sigma}{sub C{sub IV}}) and the continuum luminosity at 1350 A (L{sub 1350}) to calibrate the C-IV-based mass estimators. By comparing with the H{beta} reverberation-based masses, we provide new mass estimators with the best-fit relationships, i.e., M{sub BH}{proportional_to}L{sub 1350}{sup 0.50{+-}0.07}{sigma}{sub C{sub IV}{sup 2}} and M{sub BH}{proportional_to}L{sub 1350}{sup 0.52{+-}0.09} FWHM{sub C{sub IV}{sup 0.56{+-}0.48}}. The new C-IV-based mass estimators show significant mass-dependent systematic difference compared to the estimators commonly used in the literature. Using the published Sloan Digital Sky Survey QSO catalog, we show that the black hole mass of high-redshift QSOs decreases on average by {approx}0.25 dex if our recipe is adopted.

Park, Daeseong; Woo, Jong-Hak; Shin, Jaejin [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Denney, Kelly D., E-mail: pds2001@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: woo@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: jjshin@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: kelly@dark-cosmology.dk [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

17

Cooperative Vision Based Estimation and Tracking Using Multiple UAVs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooperative Vision Based Estimation and Tracking Using Multiple UAVs Brett Bethke, Mario Valenti. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are excellent platforms for detecting and tracking objects of interest to give better results than could be achieved with a single UAV, while being robust to failures. In addi

How, Jonathan P.

18

Covariance Tapering for Likelihood Based Estimation in Large Spatial Datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Covariance Tapering for Likelihood Based Estimation in Large Spatial Datasets Cari Kaufman, Mark the likelihood can be computationally infeasible for large datasets, requiring O(n3) calculations for a dataset and Marshall, 1984). However, evaluating the likelihood requires order n3 operations for a dataset of size n

19

Estimation of aboveground biomass and inorganic nutrient content of a 25-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTIMATION OF ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND INORGANIC NUTRIENT CONTENT OF A 25-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) PLANTATION A Thesis by JAMES NELSON MOUSER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August lqBO Major Si bject: Forestry ESTIMATION OF ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND INORGANIC NUTRIENT CONTENT OF A 25-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) PLANTATION A Thesis by JAMES NELSON HOUSER Approved...

Houser, James Nelson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

96 YEAR 2013 Males 69 Females 27 YEAR 2013 SES 1 EJEK 9 EN 04 27 NN (Engineering) 26 NQ (ProfTechAdmin) 30 NU (TechAdmin Support) 3 YEAR 2013 American Indian Alaska Native Male...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Variability of the Meridional Overturning in the North Atlantic from the 50-Year GECCO State Estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The German partner of the consortium for Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (GECCO) provided a dynamically consistent estimate of the time-varying ocean circulation over the 50-yr period 1952–2001. The GECCO synthesis combines ...

Armin Köhl; Detlef Stammer

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Estimated cumulative radiation dose from PET/CT in children with malignancies: a 5-year retrospective review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EE, Thomas SR et al (2002) MIRD dose estimate report No. 19:of a mathematical phantom (MIRD phantom) by a range of CTselect using a diagram of the MIRD phantom provided. Based

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2540 YEAR 2013 Males 1677 Females 863 YEAR 2013 SES 102 EX 3 SL 1 EJEK 89 EN 05 41 EN 04 170 EN 03 18 NN (Engineering) 448 NQ (ProfTechAdmin) 1249 NU (TechAdmin Support) 76 NV...

24

Template Construction using a Patch-based Robust Estimator Pierrick Coup1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Template Construction using a Patch-based Robust Estimator Pierrick Coupé1 , Vladimir Fonov1 , José these limitations, we propose to use a robust patch-based estimation which is less sensitive to outliers during denoising within a patch-based estimation scheme [Coupe et al. 2008]. The main idea of patch

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

100-Year Return Value Estimates for Ocean Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height from the ERA-40 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and time variability of significant wave height and wind speed on the prediction of their extreme values of this dataset makes it ideal for the study of extreme wind and wave phenomena over the whole globe. Initial100-Year Return Value Estimates for Ocean Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height from the ERA-40

Haak, Hein

26

EKF BASED ESTIMATOR FOR FDI IN THE MODEL IV FCCU Yuanjie Huang, Sourabh Dash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EKF BASED ESTIMATOR FOR FDI IN THE MODEL IV FCCU Yuanjie Huang, Sourabh Dash G. V. Reklaitis study, a EKF based estimator for the Model IV FCCU is investigated. This model is multivariable variables. Performance of the estimator's application to the AmocoModel IV FCCU case study in terms of early

Venkatasubramanian, Venkat

27

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1 1 YEAR 2011 Males 18 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 2 EJ/EK 2 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 35 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 9 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 2 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 12 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Information Management & Chief Information Officer, NA-IM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 18 43.9% 23 56.1% Gender Males Females 4.9% 4.9% 85.4% 4.9% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2.4% 4.9% 7.3% 22.0% 0.0% 0.0% 4.9% 14.6% 29.3% 14.6% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

28

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

4 4 YEAR 2011 Males 21 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 3 EJ/EK 1 EN 03 1 NN (Engineering) 3 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 31 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 5 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 6 Hispanic Female 10 White Male 13 White Female 10 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Office of General Counsel, NA-GC As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 21 47.7% 23 52.3% Gender Males Females 6.8% 2.3% 2.3% 6.8% 70.5% 11.4% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK EN 03 NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.0% 0.0% 2.3% 4.5% 2.3% 2.3% 13.6% 22.7% 29.5% 22.7% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

29

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

6 6 YEAR 2011 Males 7 Females 9 YEAR 2011 SES 1 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 9 GS 15 2 GS 13 2 GS 12 1 GS 11 1 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 4 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator of External Affairs, NA-EA As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 7 43.8% 9 56.3% Gender Males Females 6.3% 56.3% 12.5% 12.5% 6.3% 6.3% Pay Plan SES NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) GS 15 GS 13 GS 12 GS 11 0.0% 0.0% 6.3% 18.8% 6.3% 0.0% 6.3% 0.0% 25.0% 37.5% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male Hispanic Female White Male White Female FY11 Workforce Diversity

30

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 40 YEAR 2011 Males 68 Females 72 YEAR 2011 SES 5 EJ/EK 1 NN (Engineering) 16 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 115 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 3 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 7 Asian Male 4 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 25 Hispanic Female 26 White Male 35 White Female 37 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Acquistion & Project Management, NA-APM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 68 48.6% 72 51.4% Gender Males Females 3.6% 0.7% 11.4% 82.1% 2.1% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.7% 1.4% 2.1% 5.0% 2.9% 0.0% 17.9% 18.6% 25.0% 26.4% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male

31

Maximum-likelihood parameter estimation for unsupervised stochastic model-based image segmentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An unsupervised stochastic model-based approach to image segmentation is described, and some of its properties investigated. In this approach, the problem of model parameter estimation is formulated as a problem of parameter estimation from incomplete ...

Jun Zhang; J. W. Modestino; D. A. Langan

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Technology in and Technology in the National Interest 60 Years of Excellence Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory FY 2012 Annual Report About the Cover: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) engineers Chris Spadaccini (left) and Eric Duoss are shown experimenting with direct ink-writing to create micro- to macroscale structures with extreme precision. The Laboratory is advancing this process and other additive manufacturing technologies to develop new materials with extraordinary properties for use in a wide range of national-security and other applications. About the Laboratory: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was founded in 1952 to enhance the security of the United States by advancing nuclear weapons science and technology. With a talented and dedicated workforce and

33

COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND POLARIZATION AND TEMPERATURE POWER SPECTRA ESTIMATION USING LINEAR COMBINATION OF WMAP 5 YEAR MAPS  

SciTech Connect

We estimate cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization and temperature power spectra using Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 5 year foreground contaminated maps. The power spectrum is estimated by using a model-independent method, which does not utilize directly the diffuse foreground templates nor the detector noise model. The method essentially consists of two steps: (1) removal of diffuse foregrounds contamination by making linear combination of individual maps in harmonic space and (2) cross-correlation of foreground cleaned maps to minimize detector noise bias. For the temperature power spectrum we also estimate and subtract residual unresolved point source contamination in the cross-power spectrum using the point source model provided by the WMAP science team. Our TT, TE, and EE power spectra are in good agreement with the published results of the WMAP science team. We perform detailed numerical simulations to test for bias in our procedure. We find that the bias is small in almost all cases. A negative bias at low l in TT power spectrum has been pointed out in an earlier publication. We find that the bias-corrected quadrupole power (l(l + 1)C{sub l} /2{pi}) is 532 {mu}K{sup 2}, approximately 2.5 times the estimate (213.4 {mu}K{sup 2}) made by the WMAP team.

Samal, Pramoda Kumar; Jain, Pankaj [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India); Saha, Rajib [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, M/S 169-327, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Delabrouille, Jacques [CNRS, Laboratoire APC, 10, rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris (France); Prunet, Simon [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Souradeep, Tarun [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 (India)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Synchrophasor Measurement-Based Wind Plant Inertia Estimation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The total inertia stored in all rotating masses that are connected to power systems, such as synchronous generations and induction motors, is an essential force that keeps the system stable after disturbances. To ensure bulk power system stability, there is a need to estimate the equivalent inertia available from a renewable generation plant. An equivalent inertia constant analogous to that of conventional rotating machines can be used to provide a readily understandable metric. This paper explores a method that utilizes synchrophasor measurements to estimate the equivalent inertia that a wind plant provides to the system.

Zhang, Y.; Bank, J.; Wan, Y. H.; Muljadi, E.; Corbus, D.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Wavelet Based Density Estimators for Modeling Multidimensional Data Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the distribution of this random variable. We exhibit an estimator for the wavelet coeÃ?cients of this density and ionospheric data. After three levels of o#11;-line pre-processing, observations of temperature, water vapor agreement nr. F30602-99-1-0524, and unrestricted cash/equipment gifts from NCR, IBM, Intel and SUN. #12; 1

Shahabi, Cyrus

36

Bandwidth Estimation for IEEE 802.11-Based Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bandwidth Estimation for IEEE 802.11-Based Ad Hoc Networks Cheikh Sarr, Claude Chaudet, Guillaume for bandwidth-constrained applications. In multihop ad hoc networks, such evaluation becomes even more difficult mechanism to estimate the available bandwidth in IEEE 802.11-based ad hoc networks. Through simulations, we

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

HEART MOTION PREDICTION BASED ON ADAPTIVE ESTIMATION ALGORITHMS FOR ROBOTIC-ASSISTED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEART MOTION PREDICTION BASED ON ADAPTIVE ESTIMATION ALGORITHMS FOR ROBOTIC-ASSISTED BEATING HEART of the Graduate School of Engineering and Science ii #12;ABSTRACT HEART MOTION PREDICTION BASED ON ADAPTIVE ESTIMATION ALGORITHMS FOR ROBOTIC-ASSISTED BEATING HEART SURGERY Eser Erdem Tuna M.S. in Electrical

Cavusoglu, Cenk

38

Impact of satellite based PAR on estimates of terrestrial net primary productivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the satellite- based estimates of PAR for modelling terrestrial primary productivity. 1. Introduction The global energy is referred to as net primary production (NPP). For terrestrial ecosystems GPP and NPP are givenImpact of satellite based PAR on estimates of terrestrial net primary productivity RACHEL T. PINKER

Montana, University of

39

Generalized watermarking attack based on watermark estimation and perceptual remodulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a stochastic formulation of the watermark removal problem, considering the embedded watermark as additive noise image statistics to perform the best watermark removal or damage. The proposed attack is based and partial removal by a filtering based on a Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) approach; b) watermark alteration

Genève, Université de

40

Linear Tuning and Estimates for the Initial Beam Based Alignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the magnetic centre of the magnets with respect to the local BPM (i.e. determination of BPM offsets), and 2 is "zeroed" at each down stream BPM. The position of the beam with respect to the magnet centres is then given by the accuracy to which the BPM offset was determined (point 1 above.) After beam-based alignment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Parameter Estimation Using Ensemble Based Data Assimilation in the Presence of Model Error  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work explores the potential of on-line parameter estimation as a technique for model error treatment under an imperfect model scenario, in an ensemble-based data assimilation system, using a simple atmospheric general circulation model and an ...

Juan Ruiz; Manuel Pulido

42

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States Year Primary Energy Electric Power Sector h,j Retail Electricity Total Energy g,h,i Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i,j Coking Coal Steam Coal Total Exports Imports Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f,g Prices in Dollars per Million Btu 1970 0.45 0.36 0.38 1.27 0.93 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.29 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65 1975 1.65 0.90 1.03 2.37 3.47 1.18 2.60 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.93 2.94 3.35 0.24 1.50 2.19 0.97 8.61 3.33 1980 2.10 1.38 1.46 2.54 3.19 2.86 6.70 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.88 7.04 7.40 0.43 2.26 4.57 1.77 13.95 6.89 1985 2.03 1.67 1.69 2.76 2.99 4.61 7.22 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.30 R 7.62 R 7.64 0.71 2.47 4.93 1.91 19.05

43

10 years of the IAU Efforts for Capitalizing the Ground-Based Astrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, W.2 1 Astronomical Institute of the Romanian Academy, Romania 2 Institut de Mécanique Céleste et, Prague): Astrometry by Small Ground- Based Telescopes (ASGBT). It was renewed for other three years

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

NABERS: Lessons from 12 Years of Performance Based Ratings in Australia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Australian Built Environment Rating System (NABERS) has been operating for 12 years as a performance based rating system for the energy/greenhouse efficiency of office buildings in Australia. During this period, the scheme has been...

Bannister, P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Towards the estimation of feature-based semantic similarity using multiple ontologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A key application of ontologies is the estimation of the semantic similarity between terms. By means of this assessment, the comprehension and management of textual resources can be improved. However, most ontology-based similarity measures only support ... Keywords: Feature-based semantic similarity, MeSH, Multiple ontologies, Ontologies, WordNet

Albert Solé-Ribalta; David Sánchez; Montserrat Batet; Francesc Serratosa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Estimating Methods  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Based on the project's scope, the purpose of the estimate, and the availability of estimating resources, the estimator can choose one or a combination of techniques when estimating an activity or project. Estimating methods, estimating indirect and direct costs, and other estimating considerations are discussed in this chapter.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

Harmonics and inter harmonics estimation of DFIG based standalone wind power system by parametric techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents application of parametric techniques (Estimation of signal parameter by rotational invariance techniques (ESPRIT), Root multiple signal classification (Root MUSIC)) for the estimation of harmonics/inter harmonics produced by wind generator under constant, variable rotor speed, load imbalance. Accuracy of estimation by parametric techniques is checked on synthetic signal as well as signal extracted from DFIG based standalone system with constant rotor speed and balanced load condition. Further sliding window concept is applied to parametric techniques to estimate the harmonics/inter harmonics under variable rotor speed and load unbalance. Series of simulation results demonstrate the advantages of the sliding window ESPRIT over sliding window Root MUSIC in the estimation of harmonics and inter harmonics under variable rotor speed as well as load unbalance condition.

Sanjay Agrawal; Soumya R. Mohanty; Vineeta Agarwal

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Letters of Interest PRICE/COST Estimate Sheet for [Insert LOI...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Typed Name) NREL Form (10-5-2000) Letters of Interest PRICECOST Estimate Sheet for Description Base Year Phase Option Year I Phase Option Year...

49

Feature-based investment cost estimation based on modular design of a continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies of continuous manufacturing processes have used equipment-factored cost estimation methods to predict savings in initial plant investment costs. In order to challenge and validate the existing methods of ...

Collins, Donovan (Donovan Scott)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Electromechanical Mode Shape Estimation Based on Transfer Function Identification Using PMU Measurement  

SciTech Connect

Power system mode shapes are key indication of how dynamic components participate in low-frequency oscillations. Traditionally, mode shapes are calculated from a linearized dynamic model. For large-scale power systems, obtaining accu-rate dynamic models is very difficult. Therefore, measurement-based mode shape estimation methods have certain advantages, especially for the application of real-time small signal stability monitoring. In this paper, a measurement-based mode shape iden-tification method is proposed. The general relationship between transfer function (TF) and mode shape is derived. As an example, a least square (LS) method is implemented to estimate mode shape using an autoregressive exogenous (ARX) model. The per-formance of the proposed method is evaluated by Monte-Carlo studies using simulation data from a 17-machine model. The re-sults indicate the validity of the proposed method in estimating mode shapes with reasonably good accuracy

Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Dosiek, Luke; Trudnowski, Daniel J.; Pierre, John W.

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use suggests that radio spectrum shortage could be overcome by allowing immediate local spectrum availability. A new class of radios that is able to reliably sense the spectral

Gesbert, David

52

Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens-ing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens- ing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen and Aawatif Hayar. Introduction The discrepancy between current-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use sug- gests that radio mean that radios could find and adapt to any immediate local spectrum availability. A new class

Gesbert, David

53

Model Based Torque Control and Estimation for Common Rail Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A rapid control prototyping based on torque control algorithm using V-cycle mode for common rail diesel engine was developed, and a torque prediction model was present which including a feed-forward mean value engine model and a feedback correction of ... Keywords: common rail diesel engine, control strategies, torque control, torque estimation

Wang Hongrong; Wang Yongfu; Liu Zhi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

MRI based diffusion and perfusion predictive model to estimate stroke Stephen E. Rosea,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MRI based diffusion and perfusion predictive model to estimate stroke evolution Stephen E. Rosea and perfusion images acquired in the acute stage of stroke. The validity of this methodology was tested on novel patient data including data acquired from an independent stroke clinic. Regions-of-interest (ROIs

McLachlan, Geoff

55

An hybrid ensemble based approach for process parameter estimation in offshore oil platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An hybrid ensemble based approach for process parameter estimation in offshore oil platforms Piero in offshore oil platforms. In particular, the difference between the theoretical value of the valve flow on real measurements performed on a number of similar offshore choke valves. 1. Introduction In this paper

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

CONTEXT-BASED ENERGY ESTIMATOR: APPLICATION TO OBJECT SEGMENTATION ON THE TREE OF SHAPES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTEXT-BASED ENERGY ESTIMATOR: APPLICATION TO OBJECT SEGMENTATION ON THE TREE OF SHAPES Yongchao. A classical approach is to define an energy minimization framework, where interesting contours correspond to local minima of this energy. Active contours, graph cuts or minimum ratio cuts are instances of such ap

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

57

Estimation of A Sensitivity-Based Metric for Detecting Market Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to measure market power ([1], [3]). The This project was support in part by the US Department of Energy1 Estimation of A Sensitivity-Based Metric for Detecting Market Power HyungSeon Oh and Robert J. Thomas, Fellow, IEEE Abstract ­ The abuse of market power is a potentially serious problem for market

58

Projection-based, frequency-domain estimation of superimposed translational motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The proposed algorithm relies on properties of the projection (Radon) transform to reduce the problem fromProjection-based, frequency-domain estimation of superimposed translational motions Peyman Milanfar SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Mail Stop 404-69, Menlo Park, California 94025 Received June

Milanfar, Peyman

59

Estimating Water Quality Pollution Impacts Based on Economic Loss Models in Urbanization Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Water Quality Pollution Impacts Based on Economic Loss Models in Urbanization Process Abstract: The study investigates water quality pollution impacts on urbanization by analyzing temporal, more populations were moved from rural area into urban area, and more costs were input in water quality

Yu, Qian

60

Local Frequency Based Estimators for Anomaly Detection in Oil and Gas Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Frequency Based Estimators for Anomaly Detection in Oil and Gas Applications Alexander Singh industrial applications such as the smart grid and oil and gas are continuously monitored. The massive to positively impact the bottom line. In the oil and gas industry, modern oil rigs are outfitted with thousands

Slatton, Clint

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Towards Model-Based Estimation of the Cardiac Electro-Mechanical Activity from ECG Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Model-Based Estimation of the Cardiac Electro-Mechanical Activity from ECG Signals by comparing the actual patient's ECG with computational results and the deformation of the biomechani- cal-to-access measurements on a patient: the ECG (Electrocardiogram), and a time sequence of volumetric ultrasound images

Coudière, Yves

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - area estimators based Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Primer on small area estimation - direct and indirect estimation - synthetic... and composite estimation - borrowing strength and shrinkage - ... Source: Colorado State...

63

Representational change and strategy use in children's number line estimation during the first years of primary school  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge, numerically specific and invented strategies, as well as those general strategies learned through educational instruction. Huntley-Fenner [25] attributes the variability children demonstrate in estimation tasks as being the result of reduced...

White, Sonia LJ; Szucs, Denes

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

64

Blade root attachment evaluation low-cycle fatigue estimates based on probabilistic approach  

SciTech Connect

When utilities purchase replacement blades from a manufacturer, the machining tolerances in the root attachment and the material fatigue properties are a major quality concern. These factors can have significant impact on the low-cycle fatigue life. For any replacement blades, the primary concern is to minimize the risk of an in-service failure. However, excessively conservative acceptance criteria would unnecessarily drive up the unit price for the replacement blades. Acceptance criteria with estimates of associated risks of in-service failure are therefore needed for each specific blade design based on the expected operating environment, material, and service life. In the work presented herein, a probabilistic model to estimate LCF in the blade root attachment is presented. The approach is demonstrated using stresses and material fatigue properties for a representative LP last stage blade of a steam turbine. The LCF life estimates obtained using the proposed approach show good correlation with field experience.

Sarlashkar, A.V.; Lam, T.C.T. [Stress Technology Inc., Rochester, NY (United States); McCloskey, T.H. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Robust parameter estimation for compact binaries with ground-based gravitational-wave observations using LALInference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational wave (GW) detectors will begin operation in the coming years, with compact binary coalescence events a likely source for the first detections. The gravitational waveforms emitted directly encode information about the sources, including the masses and spins of the compact objects. Recovering the physical parameters of the sources from the GW observations is a key analysis task. This work describes the LALInference software library for Bayesian parameter estimation of compact binary coalescence (CBC) signals, which builds on several previous methods to provide a well-tested toolkit which has already been used for several studies. We are able to show using three independent sampling algorithms that our implementation consistently converges on the same results, giving confidence in the parameter estimates thus obtained. We demonstrate this with a detailed comparison on three compact binary systems: a binary neutron star, a neutron star-black hole binary and a bin...

Veitch, John; Farr, Benjamin; Farr, Will M; Graff, Philip; Vitale, Salvatore; Aylott, Ben; Blackburn, Kent; Christensen, Nelson; Coughlin, Michael; Del Pozzo, Walter; Feroz, Farhan; Gair, Jonathan; Haster, Carl-Johan; Kalogera, Vicky; Littenberg, Tyson; Mandel, Ilya; O'Shaughnessy, Richard; Pitkin, Matthew; Rodriguez, Carl; Röver, Christian; Sidery, Trevor; Smith, Rory; Van Der Sluys, Marc; Vecchio, Alberto; Vousden, Will; Wade, Leslie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

An Earned Schedule-based regression model to improve cost estimate at completion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Traditional Earned Value Management (EVM) index-based methods for Cost Estimate at Completion (CEAC) of an ongoing project have been known for their limitations inherent with both the assumption that past EVM data is the best available information and early-stage unreliability. In an attempt to overcome such limitations, a new CEAC methodology is proposed based on a modified index-based formula predicting expected cost for the remaining work with the Gompertz growth model via nonlinear regression curve fitting. Moreover, the proposed equation accounts for the schedule progress as a factor of cost performance. To this end, it integrates into its equation an Earned Schedule-based factor indicating expected duration at completion. The proposed model shows itself to be more accurate and precise in all early, middle, and late stage estimates than those of four compared traditional index-based formulae. The developed methodology is a practical tool for Project Managers to better incorporate the progress status into the task of computing CEAC and is a contribution to extending EVM research to better capture the inherent relation between cost and schedule factors.

Timur Narbaev; Alberto De Marco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Bearing fault severity estimation using time-based descriptors for rotating electric machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the bearing fault severity in rotating electric machines based on the time-based descriptors derived from machine vibration signal. Time-based descriptors are independent of bearing dimensions and machine dynamics. To establish the relationship between the time-based descriptor and bearing fault severity, a wide range of defective bearings are examined on an experimental set-up and the factors contributing to the value of time-based descriptor are determined. The application of this technique to the bearing faults such as rolling element, inner-race and outer-race fault, has confirmed that time-based descriptor successfully measures the severity of faults. The significance of time-based descriptors has been evaluated and tested by developing online bearing failure situation via shaft current. Since the time-based descriptors are independent of dimensions and characteristic frequencies of the bearing, the severity estimation is less sensitive to operating conditions for data acquisition. The laboratory investigations on 10-hp cage induction motor are presented.

Rajesh Patel; S.P. Gupta; Vinod Kumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Evaluation of Clear Sky Models for Satellite-Based Irradiance Estimates  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an intercomparison of three popular broadband clear sky solar irradiance model results with measured data, as well as satellite-based model clear sky results compared to measured clear sky data. The authors conclude that one of the popular clear sky models (the Bird clear sky model developed by Richard Bird and Roland Hulstrom) could serve as a more accurate replacement for current satellite-model clear sky estimations. Additionally, the analysis of the model results with respect to model input parameters indicates that rather than climatological, annual, or monthly mean input data, higher-time-resolution input parameters improve the general clear sky model performance.

Sengupta, M.; Gotseff, P.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Development of Track and Field Based on the Achievement of Athletic in Recent Years  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Track and field is the basis of all sports, known as the “mother” of the movement. Its importance is obvious. In the training of any project, if without the basis of support, it is impossible to achieve higher level of training. In other words, track and field is the Economic Base of all the sports projects. Without it, all the Superstructures are illusory. This paper makes a statistical analysis on the achievements of China in the international Track and Field competition in recent years. Summarize the development of track and field career in China.

Ji-long Tang; Bin-Ji; Li-hua Li; De-long Dong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Estimation of rotor angles of synchronous machines using artificial neural networks and local PMU-based quantities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates a possibility for estimating rotor angles in the time frame of transient (angle) stability of electric power systems, for use in real-time. The proposed dynamic state estimation technique is based on the use of voltage and current ... Keywords: Electric power systems, Multilayer perceptrons, Phasor measurement units, Transient stability monitoring and control

Alberto Del Angel; Pierre Geurts; Damien Ernst; Mevludin Glavic; Louis Wehenkel

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

654 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 18, NO. 3, MAY 2010 Model-Based Electrochemical Estimation and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the literature. Accurate estimation of the battery's internal electrochemical state enables an expanded range governor, state-of-charge (SOC) estimation. I. INTRODUCTION MODEL-BASED battery monitoring algorithms theories, captures relevant solid-state and electrolyte diffusion dynamics and accurately predicts current

72

Estimation of expected human attention weights based on a decision field theory model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modeling human decision making behavior is of great interest in understanding how a decision maker weights different decision attributes when making a decision. Such knowledge is critically important in helping predict future decisions, evaluating human decision performance, and improving the design of human and machine interface systems. Decision field theory (DFT) provides a psychological representation of the cognitive deliberation process, which is driven by the fluctuations of a person’s attention among decision attributes. In this research area, the most common use of a DFT model is to estimate or predict the human decisions by using a set of pre-specified expected attention weights (EAWs) in the DFT model. Unlike other research, this paper extends the capabilities of DFT in a complementary direction, showing how to fit or train a DFT model by estimating the EAW based on sequentially obtained samples of decision trials. Furthermore, the inherent connection between the EAW and the decision choice uncertainty is investigated. The proposed modeling method is discussed in detail for a two-alternative decision scenario based on two attributes. Both simulations and a case study are conducted in the paper to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed modeling approach.

Andres G. Abad; Jionghua (Judy) Jin; Young-Jun Son

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Joint inversion of seismic AVO and EM data for gas saturation estimation using a sampling-based stochastic model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hypothesis using a sampling-based stochastic model, based on a typical situation of gas explorationJoint inversion of seismic AVO and EM data for gas saturation estimation using a sampling- based stochastic model Jinsong Chen*, G. Michael Hoversten, and D. W. Vasco, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Chen, Jinsong

74

Estimation of Ground-Level Reflectivity Factor in Operational Weather Radar Networks Using VPR-Based Correction Ensembles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An operational method is presented that corrects the bias of radar-based quantitative precipitation estimations (QPE) in radar networks that is due to the vertical profile of reflectivity (VPR) factor. It is used in both rain and snowfall. ...

Jarmo Koistinen; Heikki Pohjola

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Validation of error estimators and superconvergence by a computer-based approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTIMATORS FOR PATCHWISE UNIFORM MESHES 5. 1 The methodology for checking the estimators. 5. 2 Numerical study of the estimators. . . . . 5. 3 Major results. 58 . . 58 65 160 CHAPTER VI STUDY OF THE ERROR ESTIMATORS FOR GENERAL MESHES . . 6. 1... Definition of the robustness index 6. 2 The computational methodology for general grids . . 6. 3 Numerical studies of robustness of various error estimators . . 6. 4 Major results. vn Page 164 164 166 167 , 198 CHAPTER VII STUDY OF SUPERCONVERGENCE...

Upadhyay, Chandra Shekhar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

76

Distributed Linear Combination Estimators for Localization Based on Received Signal Strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.8 Estimation under Unknown Propagation Model Parameters . . . . . . 55 2.8.1 Estimation of p0(d0) and np . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 2.8.2 Estimation of p0(d0), np, and ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 2.8.3 Location Estimation using... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 vii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 2.1 Range dependence of RMSE of various estimators with np = 3 and ? = 5...

Chen, Wei-Yu

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

77

Photometric redshift estimation based on data mining with PhotoRApToR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photometric redshifts (photo-z) are crucial to the scienti?c exploitation of modern panchromatic digital surveys. In this paper we present PhotoRApToR (Photometric Research Application To Redshift): a Java/C++ based desktop application capable to solve non-linear regression and multi-variate classi?cation problems, in particular specialized for photo-z estimation. It embeds a machine learning algorithm, namely a multilayer neural network trained by the Quasi Newton learning rule, and special tools dedicated to pre- and postprocessing data. PhotoRApToR has been successfully tested on several scienti?c cases. The application is available for free download from the DAME Program web site.

Cavuoti, Stefano; De Stefano, Virgilio; Longo, Giuseppe

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Betatron squeeze optimisation at the Large Hadron Collider based on first year of operation data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to achieve the high luminosity expected from the Large Hadron Collider, the beta function at the interaction points must be minimised. As the aperture in the surroundings of the interaction points become smaller and smaller with decreasing beta function at the interaction point, the latter is kept higher during injection and energy ramp and reduced before the production of collision, by the means of the betatron squeeze. This operation as shown to be very critical in previous colliders, however, good performances were achieved early during the commissioning of the machine allowing to optimise this operation along the year. Firstly, a systematic fill by fill analysis of the beam parameters is performed in order to point out, understand and solve potential issues, allowing, in particular, to minimise the beam losses during the operation. Secondly, simulations of beam parameters based on the strength of the magnets extracted from the control system are introduced and validated with measurements. The sim...

Buffat, Xavier; Redaelli, Stefano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A model-based technique for real-time estimation of absolute fluorine concentration in a CF4/Ar plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model-based technique for real-time estimation of absolute fluorine concentration in a CF4/Ar for quantitative interpretation of actinometric data to deduce bulk plasma fluorine concentration in a CF4/Ar, for application of real-time feedback control to plasma etching. Based upon a model of CF4 chemistry reaction

Terry, Fred L.

80

Parameter estimation of coupled water and energy balance models based on stationary constraints of surface states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] We use a conditional averaging approach to estimate the parameters of a land surface water and energy balance model and then use the estimated parameters to partition net radiation into latent, sensible, and ground ...

Sun, Jian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Context-Sensitive Measurement-Based Worst-Case Execution Time Estimation Michael Zolda, Sven Bunte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis (MBTA) [1], we estimate the WCET of a given piece of software by executing it with selected input

82

Design Through Operation of an Image-Based Velocity Estimation System for Mars Landing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) landings, the Descent Image Motion Estimation System (DIMES) was used for horizontal velocity estimation. The DIMES algorithm combined measurements from a descent camera, a radar altimeter, and an inertial measurement ... Keywords: DIMES, Mars Exploration Rover, Mars lander, computer vision, feature tracking, robotics, velocity estimation

Andrew Johnson; Reg Willson; Yang Cheng; Jay Goguen; Chris Leger; Miguel Sanmartin; Larry Matthies

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Development of the town data base: Estimates of exposure rates and times of fallout arrival near the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Off-Site Radiation Exposure Review Project, the time of fallout arrival and the H+12 exposure rate were estimated for populated locations in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah that were affected by fallout from one or more nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. Estimates of exposure rate were derived from measured values recorded before and after each test by fallout monitors in the field. The estimate for a given location was obtained by retrieving from a data base all measurements made in the vicinity, decay-correcting them to H+12, and calculating an average. Estimates were also derived from maps produced after most events that show isopleths of exposure rate and time of fallout arrival. Both sets of isopleths on these maps were digitized, and kriging was used to interpolate values at the nodes of a 10-km grid covering the pattern. The values at any location within the grid were then estimated from the values at the surrounding grid nodes. Estimates of dispersion (standard deviation) were also calculated. The Town Data Base contains the estimates for all combinations of location and nuclear event for which the estimated mean H+12 exposure rate was greater than three times background. A listing of the data base is included as an appendix. The information was used by other project task groups to estimate the radiation dose that off-site populations and individuals may have received as a result of exposure to fallout from Nevada nuclear tests.

Thompson, C.B.; McArthur, R.D. [Univ. and Community College System of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Hutchinson, S.W. [Mead Johnson Nutritional Group, Evansville, IN (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

California Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) California Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

85

BPA 20-year power subscription Q. Should DSIs receive cost-based power from BPA after 2006? If so, how  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BPA 20-year power subscription � Q. Should DSIs receive cost-based power from BPA after 2006? If so, how much? � A. DSI's should not receive firm, cost-based federal power from BPA after 2006. BPA customers. BPA sales of federal power to the DSI's, if any, should not increase costs to preference

86

Fast communication: Inverse filtering based method for estimation of noisy autoregressive signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a new method for estimating the parameters of an autoregressive (AR) signal from observations corrupted with white noise. The least-squares (LS) estimate of the AR parameters is biased when the observation noise is added to the ... Keywords: Autoregressive signals, Least-squares method, Yule-Walker equations

Alimorad Mahmoudi; Mahmood Karimi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

FPGA based neural network position and speed estimator for switched reluctance motor drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and implementation of the sensorless control system for the Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drive without a position sensor. The SRM has been receiving attention for industry applications due to its low cost in mass production, ... Keywords: position estimation, resistance estimation, switched reluctance motor

Jakub Talla; Josef Stehlik

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

PHYSICALLY-BASED DEFORMABLE IMAGE REGISTRATION WITH MATERIAL PROPERTY AND BOUNDARY CONDITION ESTIMATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of image- guided radiotherapy. In order to estimate the radiation dose accumulated in different parts ESTIMATION Huai-Ping Lee1 , Mark Foskey1,2 , Marc Niethammer1 , and Ming Lin1 1 Department of Computer Science, 2 Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA ABSTRACT

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

89

On-board Velocity Estimation and Closed-loop Control of a Quadrotor UAV based on Optical Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-board Velocity Estimation and Closed-loop Control of a Quadrotor UAV based on Optical Flow an efficient fall back routine for any kind of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) since we rely solely. The results show that our approach is able to recover the ego-motion of a flying UAV in realistic conditions

90

A Comparison of Scale Estimation Schemes for a Quadrotor UAV based on Optical Flow and IMU Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Comparison of Scale Estimation Schemes for a Quadrotor UAV based on Optical Flow and IMU of autonomous UAV flight control, cameras are ubiquitously exploited as a cheap and effective onboard sensor linear velocity in the UAV body frame from direct measurement of the instantaneous (and non

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Lithium-Ion battery State of Charge estimation with a Kalman Filter based on a electrochemical model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium-Ion battery State of Charge estimation with a Kalman Filter based on a electrochemical state of charge (SOC). In this paper an averaged electrochemical Lithium-ion battery model suitable-Volmer current and the solid concentration at the interface with the electrolyte and (ii) the battery current

Stefanopoulou, Anna

92

3D Model Based Pose Estimation For Omnidirectional Stereovision Guillaume Caron, Eric Marchand and El Mustapha Mouaddib  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Model Based Pose Estimation For Omnidirectional Stereovision Guillaume Caron, Eric Marchand, FRANCE; e-mail {guillaume.caron, mouaddib}@u-picardie.fr Eric Marchand is with INRIA, IRISA, Lagadic, 35000 Rennes, France; e-mail {Eric.Marchand}@irisa.fr Fig. 1. Our sensor: orthographic camera, parabolic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Estimating future global per capita water availability based on changes in climate and population  

SciTech Connect

Human populations are profoundly affected by water stress, or the lack of sufficient per capita available freshwater. Water stress can result from overuse of available freshwater resources or from a reduction in the amount of available water due to decreases in rainfall and stored water supplies. Analyzing the interrelationship between human populations and water availability is complicated by the uncertainties associated with climate change projections and population projections. We present a simple methodology developed to integrate disparate climate and population data sources and develop first-order per capita water availability projections at the global scale. Simulations from the coupled land-ocean-atmosphere Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) forced with a range of hypothetical greenhouse gas emissions scenarios are used to project grid-based changes in precipitation minus evapotranspiration as proxies for changes in runoff, or fresh water supply. Population growth changes according to several Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) storylines are used as proxies for changes in fresh water demand by 2025, 2050 and 2100. These freshwater supply and demand projections are then combined to yield estimates of per capita water availability aggregated by watershed and political unit. Results suggest that important insights might be extracted from the use of the process developed here, notably including the identification of the globe s most vulnerable regions in need of more detailed analysis and the relative importance of population growth versus climate change in in altering future freshwater supplies. However, these are only exemplary insights and, as such, could be considered hypotheses that should be rigorously tested with multiple climate models, multiple observational climate datasets, and more comprehensive population change storylines.

Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Kodra, Evan [Northeastern University; Ganguly, Auroop R [Northeastern University; Steinhaeuser, Karsten [University of Minnesota

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Computational aspects of robust Holt-Winters smoothing based on M-estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To obtain a robust version of exponential and Holt-Winters smoothing the idea of M...-estimation can be used. The difficulty is the formulation of an easy-to-use recursive formula for its computation. A first att...

Christophe Croux; Sarah Gelper; Roland Fried

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A BIOMASS-BASED MODEL TO ESTIMATE THE PLAUSIBILITY OF EXOPLANET BIOSIGNATURE GASES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry ...

Seager, Sara

96

Errors in Estimating River Discharge from Remote Sensing based on Manning's Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

° inclination; all rivers, lakes, reservoirs observed at least twice every 22 days. Will measure reach (2008) estimated errors in width resulting from water coherence time effects (due to wind and turbulence

Washington at Seattle, University of

97

Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Radiation-Absorbed Dose Estimation of 166Ho Microspheres in Liver Radioembolization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To investigate the potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for accurate assessment of the three-dimensional 166Ho activity distribution to estimate radiation-absorbed dose distributions in 166Ho-loaded poly (L-lactic acid) microsphere (166Ho-PLLA-MS) liver radioembolization. Methods and Materials MRI, computed tomography (CT), and single photon emission CT (SPECT) experiments were conducted on an anthropomorphic gel phantom with tumor-simulating gel samples and on an excised human tumor-bearing liver, both containing known amounts of 166Ho-PLLA-MS. Three-dimensional radiation-absorbed dose distributions were estimated at the voxel level by convolving the 166Ho activity distribution, derived from quantitative MRI data, with a 166Ho dose point-kernel generated by MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code) and from Medical Internal Radiation Dose Pamphlet 17. MRI-based radiation-absorbed dose distributions were qualitatively compared with CT and autoradiography images and quantitatively compared with SPECT-based dose distributions. Both MRI- and SPECT-based activity estimations were validated against dose calibrator measurements. Results Evaluation on an anthropomorphic phantom showed that MRI enables accurate assessment of local 166Ho-PLLA-MS mass and activity distributions, as supported by a regression coefficient of 1.05 and a correlation coefficient of 0.99, relating local MRI-based mass and activity calculations to reference values obtained with a dose calibrator. Estimated MRI-based radiation-absorbed dose distributions of 166Ho-PLLA-MS in an ex vivo human liver visually showed high correspondence to SPECT-based radiation-absorbed dose distributions. Quantitative analysis revealed that the differences in local and total amounts of 166Ho-PLLA-MS estimated by MRI, SPECT, and the dose calibrator were within 10%. Excellent agreement was observed between MRI- and SPECT-based dose–volume histograms. Conclusions Quantitative MRI was demonstrated to provide accurate three-dimensional 166Ho-PLLA-MS activity distributions, enabling localized intrahepatic radiation-absorbed dose estimation by convolution with a 166Ho dose point-kernel for liver radioembolization treatment optimization and evaluation.

Peter R. Seevinck; Gerrit H. van de Maat; Tim C. de Wit; Maarten A.D. Vente; Johannes F.W. Nijsen; Chris J.G. Bakker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Revised estimates of Greenland ice sheet thinning histories based on ice-core records  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice core records were recently used to infer elevation changes of the Greenland ice sheet throughout the Holocene. The inferred elevation changes show a significantly greater elevation reduction than those output from numerical models, bringing into question the accuracy of the model-based reconstructions and, to some extent, the estimated elevation histories. A key component of the ice core analysis involved removing the influence of vertical surface motion on the ?18O signal measured from the Agassiz and Renland ice caps. We re-visit the original analysis with the intent to determine if the use of more accurate land uplift curves can account for some of the above noted discrepancy. To improve on the original analysis, we apply a geophysical model of glacial isostatic adjustment calibrated to sea-level records from the Queen Elizabeth Islands and Greenland to calculate the influence of land height changes on the ?18O signal from the two ice cores. This procedure is complicated by the fact that ?18O contained in Agassiz ice is influenced by land height changes distant from the ice cap and so selecting a single location at which to compute the land height signal is not possible. Uncertainty in this selection is further complicated by the possible influence of Innuitian ice during the early Holocene (12–8 ka BP). Our results indicate that a more accurate treatment of the uplift correction leads to elevation histories that are, in general, shifted down relative to the original curves at GRIP, NGRIP, DYE-3 and Camp Century. In addition, compared to the original analysis, the 1-? uncertainty is considerably larger at GRIP and NGRIP. These changes reduce the data-model discrepancy reported by Vinther et al. (2009) at GRIP, NGRIP, DYE-3 and Camp Century. A more accurate treatment of isostasy and surface loading also acts to improve the data-model fits such that the residuals at all four sites for the period 8 ka BP to present are significantly reduced compared to the original analysis. Prior to 8 ka BP, the possible influence of Innuitian ice on the inferred elevation histories prevents a meaningful comparison.

Benoit S. Lecavalier; Glenn A. Milne; Bo M. Vinther; David A. Fisher; Arthur S. Dyke; Matthew J.R. Simpson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

A Proposed Method for Improving Residential Heating Energy Estimates Based on Billing Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on these homes by the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) and Pacific Power. Manufactured home billing data, for four years, and 15-min. measured space-heating data for a subset of homes, for two years, were available to us for analysis. Data were... on these homes by the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) and Pacific Power. Manufactured home billing data, for four years, and 15-min. measured space-heating data for a subset of homes, for two years, were available to us for analysis. Data were...

Lee, A. D.; Hadley, D. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Unfolding-based corrector estimates for a reaction-diffusion system predicting concrete corrosion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the periodic unfolding technique to derive corrector estimates for a reaction-diffusion system describing concrete corrosion penetration in the sewer pipes. The system, defined in a periodically-perforated domain, is semi-linear, partially dissipative, and coupled via a non-linear ordinary differential equation posed on the solid-water interface at the pore level. After discussing the solvability of the pore scale model, we apply the periodic unfolding techniques (adapted to treat the presence of perforations) not only to get upscaled model equations, but also to prepare a proper framework for getting a convergence rate (corrector estimates) of the averaging procedure.

Fatima, Tasnim; Ptashnyk, Mariya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Methods for estimating temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter based on incubation data: A comparative evaluation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although the temperature sensitivity (Q10) of soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition has been widely studied, the estimate substantially depends on the methods used with specific assumptions. Here we compared several commonly used methods (i.e., one-pool (1P) model, two-discrete-pool (2P) model, three-discrete-pool (3P) model, and time-for-substrate (T4S) Q10 method) plus a new and more process-oriented approach for estimating Q10 of SOM decomposition from laboratory incubation data to evaluate the influences of the different methods and assumptions on Q10 estimation. The process-oriented approach is a three-transfer-pool (3PX) model that resembles the decomposition sub-model commonly used in Earth system models. The temperature sensitivity and other parameters in the models were estimated from the cumulative CO2 emission using the Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique. The estimated \\{Q10s\\} generally increased with the soil recalcitrance, but decreased with the incubation temperature increase. Our results indicated that the 1P model did not adequately simulate the dynamics of SOM decomposition and thus was not adequate for the Q10 estimation. All the multi-pool models fitted the soil incubation data well. The Akaike information criterion (AIC) analysis suggested that the 2P model is the most parsimonious. As the incubation progressed, Q10 estimated by the 3PX model was smaller than those by the 2P and 3P models because the continuous C transfers from the slow and passive pools to the active pool were included in the 3PX model. Although the T4S method could estimate the Q10 of labile carbon appropriately, our analyses showed that it overestimated that of recalcitrant SOM. The similar structure of 3PX model with the decomposition sub-model of Earth system models provides a possible approach, via the data assimilation techniques, to incorporate results from numerous incubation experiments into Earth system models.

Junyi Liang; Dejun Li; Zheng Shi; James M. Tiedje; Jizhong Zhou; Edward A.G. Schuur; Konstantinos T. Konstantinidis; Yiqi Luo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

When Errors Become the Rule: Twenty Years with Transformation-Based Learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transformation-based learning (TBL) is a machine learning method for, in particular, sequential classification, invented by Eric Brill [Brill 1993b, 1995a]. It is widely used within computational linguistics and natural language processing, but surprisingly ... Keywords: Transformation-based learning, brill tagging, computational linguistics, error-driven rule learning, natural language processing, sequential classification, supervised learning

Marcus Uneson

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

ESTIMATING PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS OF QUASARS VIA THE k-NEAREST NEIGHBOR APPROACH BASED ON LARGE SURVEY DATABASES  

SciTech Connect

We apply one of the lazy learning methods, the k-nearest neighbor (kNN) algorithm, to estimate the photometric redshifts of quasars based on various data sets from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS), and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE; the SDSS sample, the SDSS-UKIDSS sample, the SDSS-WISE sample, and the SDSS-UKIDSS-WISE sample). The influence of the k value and different input patterns on the performance of kNN is discussed. kNN performs best when k is different with a special input pattern for a special data set. The best result belongs to the SDSS-UKIDSS-WISE sample. The experimental results generally show that the more information from more bands, the better performance of photometric redshift estimation with kNN. The results also demonstrate that kNN using multiband data can effectively solve the catastrophic failure of photometric redshift estimation, which is met by many machine learning methods. Compared with the performance of various other methods of estimating the photometric redshifts of quasars, kNN based on KD-Tree shows superiority, exhibiting the best accuracy.

Zhang Yanxia; Ma He; Peng Nanbo; Zhao Yongheng [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100012 Beijing (China); Wu Xuebing, E-mail: zyx@bao.ac.cn [Department of Astronomy, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Mississippi Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Mississippi Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

105

Pennsylvania Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Pennsylvania Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

106

Unbiased MMSE-Based Noise Power Estimation with Low Complexity and Low Tracking Delay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the speech power and the estimation of the clean speech. We show that the proposed SPP approach maintains Agreement PIAP-GA-2008-214699 AUDIS and the Dutch Technology Foundation STW. T. Gerkmann heads the Speech Signal Processing Group, Universit¨at Olden- burg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany, email: timo

107

MODEL-BASED VEHICLE STATE ESTIMATION USING PREVIEWED ROAD GEOMETRY AND NOISY SENSORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the automotive world. Unfortunately for the designers of vehicle driver assist systems, however, most low- cost states from low-cost sensors remains [2]. In the case of autonomous vehicle guidance or in modeling another sen- sor input to estimate vehicle state. This is a particularly low-cost data source, especially

Brennan, Sean

108

Arterial Travel Time Estimation Based On Vehicle Re-Identification Using Magnetic Sensors: Performance Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: the arterial travel time estimation system is summarized in Section II. The test site and vehicle detection are explained in Section IV. An analysis of the ground truth and the vehicle detection system data is presented City (Figure 1). The performance of the original system and the system with the modified vehicle re

Horowitz, Roberto

109

Estimating cancer risk from dental cone-beam CT exposures based on skin dosimetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to measure entrance skin doses on patients undergoing cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations, to establish conversion factors between skin and organ doses, and to estimate cancer risk from CBCT exposures. 266 patients (age 8–83) were included, involving three imaging centres. CBCT scans were acquired using the SCANORA 3D (Soredex, Tuusula, Finland) and NewTom 9000 (QR, Verona, Italy). Eight thermoluminescent dosimeters were attached to the patient's skin at standardized locations. Using previously published organ dose estimations on various CBCTs with an anthropomorphic phantom, correlation factors to convert skin dose to organ doses were calculated and applied to estimate patient organ doses. The BEIR VII age- and gender-dependent dose-risk model was applied to estimate the lifetime attributable cancer risk. For the SCANORA 3D, average skin doses over the eight locations varied between 484 and 1788 µGy. For the NewTom 9000 the range was between 821 and 1686 µGy for Centre 1 and between 292 and 2325 µGy for Centre 2. Entrance skin dose measurements demonstrated the combined effect of exposure and patient factors on the dose. The lifetime attributable cancer risk, expressed as the probability to develop a radiation-induced cancer, varied between 2.7 per million (age >60) and 9.8 per million (age 8–11) with an average of 6.0 per million. On average, the risk for female patients was 40% higher. The estimated radiation risk was primarily influenced by the age at exposure and the gender, pointing out the continuing need for justification and optimization of CBCT exposures, with a specific focus on children.

Ruben Pauwels; Lesley Cockmartin; Deimante Ivanauskaité; Ausra Urbonien?; Sophia Gavala; Catherine Donta; Kostas Tsiklakis; Reinhilde Jacobs; Hilde Bosmans; Ria Bogaerts; Keith Horner; The SEDENTEXCT Project Consortium

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting pcr-based estimates Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from the January 2007 issue of Summary: - time PCR is now possible (1,10,13). A survey by Pappu et al. (13), using a PCR-based detection assay... were tested with the PCR-based...

111

A Simple Biomass-Based Length-Cohort Analysis for Estimating Biomass and Fishing Mortality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Washington 98115, USA Abstract.--A biomass-based length-cohort analysis (LCA) was examined for its compared two LCA methods--(1) a numbers-based LCA that relies on catch numbers at length as input data and (2) a new biomass-based LCA that relies on catch biomass at length--by applying both to simulated

112

Feedback-based Information Roadmap (FIRM): Graph-based Estimation and Control of Robotic Systems Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for these problems is the exponential growth of the search tree in the information space, as well as the dependency of the entire search tree on the initial belief. Inspired by sampling-based (roadmap-based) methods, this dissertation proposes a method to construct...

Aghamohammadi, Aliakbar

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

113

Estimation of rotor angles of synchronous machines using artificial neural networks and local PMU-based quantities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates a possibility for estimating rotor angles in the time frame of transient (angle) stability of electric power systems, for use in real-time. The proposed dynamic state estimation technique is based on the use of voltage and current phasors obtained from a phasor measurement unit supposed to be installed on the extra-high voltage side of the substation of a power plant, together with a multilayer perceptron trained off-line from simulations. We demonstrate that an intuitive approach to directly map phasor measurement inputs to the neural network to generator rotor angle does not offer satisfactory results. We found out that a good way to approach the angle estimation problem is to use two neural networks in order to estimate the sin ( ? ) and cos ( ? ) of the angle and recover the latter from these values by simple post-processing. Simulation results on a part of the Mexican interconnected system show that the approach could yield satisfactory accuracy for real-time monitoring and control of transient instability.

Alberto Del Angel; Pierre Geurts; Damien Ernst; Mevludin Glavic; Louis Wehenkel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Fact #663: February 21, 2011 Clean Cities Program Petroleum Displacement Estimates for 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Each year, estimates are made of the amount of petroleum that is displaced by the efforts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities Program. These estimates are based on data provided by...

115

Commute trip reduction in Washington: Base year worksite characteristics and programs  

SciTech Connect

Employers in Washington`s eight most populous counties are engaged in an effort to reduce their employees` use of single occupant automobiles for commuting. This report documents the status of those employers at the beginning of the Commute Trip Reduction (CTR) program as a basis for evaluating the impacts of the program. The first section provides a brief exploration of the Washington CTR Law and a history of the first steps in its implementation. The second section presents a summary of the characteristics of the worksites affected by the law. The CTR Law calls for reductions in single occupant vehicle (SOV) commuting and in vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The third section of this report presents baseline measurements of SOV and VMT and goals for reducing them. The fourth section provides summary information on the first year of programs employers planned to implement. The final section very briefly outlines actions the Commute Trip Reduction law calls for between 1995 and 1999.

Dodds, D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Estimation of vocal?tract area function from lip impulse response based on lossy vocal?tract digital filter model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for estimating vocal?tract area function from lip impulse response based on lossy vocal?tract digital filter model is provided. Previous methods of lip impulse response [M. M. Sondhi and J. R. Resnick 73 985–1002 (1983)] determines the area function from impulse response measured at lips by using the incident signal excited outside the oral cavity. This method is sensitive to the noise of measured impulse response. An alternative method [M. Honda and T. Mochida Proc. 1st ETRW?SPM 167–170 (1996)] is advantageous for accurate estimation under noisy acoustic condition based on the vocal?tract digital filter model that optimizes the M sections of areas by using the impulse response longer than M samples. In this method however the vocal?tract model is based on the transmission line that treats the effect of loss in simplified form. The new method proposed in this study applies a mixture model of the lossless distributed circuit and the lumped circuit accounting for effects such as viscous loss heat conduction loss and loss due to wall vibration. The results on acoustic measurements have shown that the new method has better performance over the old method using optimization scheme based on simplified transmission line model. [Work supported by CREST JST.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A BIOMASS-BASED MODEL TO ESTIMATE THE PLAUSIBILITY OF EXOPLANET BIOSIGNATURE GASES  

SciTech Connect

Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry and biological thermodynamics. The new framework is intended to liberate predictive atmosphere models from requiring fixed, Earth-like biosignature gas source fluxes. New biosignature gases can be considered with a check that the biomass estimate is physically plausible. We have validated the models on terrestrial production of NO, H{sub 2}S, CH{sub 4}, CH{sub 3}Cl, and DMS. We have applied the models to propose NH{sub 3} as a biosignature gas on a 'cold Haber World', a planet with a N{sub 2}-H{sub 2} atmosphere, and to demonstrate why gases such as CH{sub 3}Cl must have too large of a biomass to be a plausible biosignature gas on planets with Earth or early-Earth-like atmospheres orbiting a Sun-like star. To construct the biomass models, we developed a functional classification of biosignature gases, and found that gases (such as CH{sub 4}, H{sub 2}S, and N{sub 2}O) produced from life that extracts energy from chemical potential energy gradients will always have false positives because geochemistry has the same gases to work with as life does, and gases (such as DMS and CH{sub 3}Cl) produced for secondary metabolic reasons are far less likely to have false positives but because of their highly specialized origin are more likely to be produced in small quantities. The biomass model estimates are valid to one or two orders of magnitude; the goal is an independent approach to testing whether a biosignature gas is plausible rather than a precise quantification of atmospheric biosignature gases and their corresponding biomasses.

Seager, S.; Bains, W.; Hu, R. [Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A Biomass-based Model to Estimate the Plausibility of Exoplanet Biosignature Gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry and biological thermodynamics. The new framework is intended to liberate predictive atmosphere models from requiring fixed, Earth-like biosignature gas source fluxes. New biosignature gases can be considered with a check that the biomass estimate is physically plausible. We have validated the models on terrestrial production of NO, H2S, CH4, CH3Cl, and DMS. We have applied the models to propose NH3 as a biosignature gas on a "cold Haber World," a planet with a N2-H2 atmosphere, and to demonstrate why gases such as CH3Cl must have too large of a biomass to be a plausible biosignature gas on planets with Earth or early-Earth-like atmospheres orbiting a Sun-like star. To construct the biomass models, we developed a functional classification of biosignature gases, and found that gases (such as CH4, H2S, and N2O) produced from life that extracts energy from chemical potential energy gradients will always have false positives because geochemistry has the same gases to work with as life does, and gases (such as DMS and CH3Cl) produced for secondary metabolic reasons are far less likely to have false positives but because of their highly specialized origin are more likely to be produced in small quantities. The biomass model estimates are valid to one or two orders of magnitude; the goal is an independent approach to testing whether a biosignature gas is plausible rather than a precise quantification of atmospheric biosignature gases and their corresponding biomasses.

S. Seager; W. Bains; R. Hu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Groundwater velocities at the Nevada Test Site: {sup 14}Carbon-based estimates  

SciTech Connect

Chemical and isotopic data can be used to constrain and validate groundwater flow models. This study examines probable groundwater flowpaths at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and estimates groundwater velocities for these flowpaths using water chemistry and carbon isotopes. These velocities are provided for comparison to velocities calculated by a numerical flow model developed by GeoTrans, Inc. Similar to numerical flow models, models of chemical and isotopic evolution are not unique; any number of combinations of reactions can simulate evolution from one water to another, but are no guarantee that the simulation is correct. Knowledge of the hydrology, mineralogy, and chemistry must be combined to produce feasible evolutionary paths.

Chapman, J.B.; Hershey, R.L.; Lyles, B.F.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Biomass-based Model to Estimate the Plausibility of Exoplanet Biosignature Gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry and biological thermodynamics. The new framework is intended to liberate predictive atmosphere models from requiring fixed, Earth-like biosignature gas source fluxes. New biosignature gases can be considered with a check that the biomass estimate is physically plausible. We have validated the models on terrestrial production of NO, H2S, CH4, CH3Cl, and DMS. We have applied the models to propose NH3 as a biosignature gas on a "cold Haber World," a planet with a N2-H2 atmosphere, and to demonstrate why gases such as CH3Cl must have too large of a biomass to be a plausible biosignature gas on planets with Earth or early-Earth-like atmospheres orbiting a Sun-like star. To construct the biomass models, we developed a functional classification of biosignature gases, and found that gases (such...

Seager, S; Hu, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Roc-based estimates of neural-behavioral covariations using matched filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Correlations between responses in visual cortex and perceptual performance help draw a functional link between neural activity and visually guided behavior. These correlations are commonly derived with ROC-based neural-behavioral covariances referred ...

Kamal Farah; Jackson E. T. Smith; Erik P. Cook

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Estimation algorithm for autonomous aerial refueling using a vision based relative navigation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-loop autonomous aerial refueling simulation which includes models of the receiver aircraft, VisNav sensor, Reference Observer-based Tracking Controller (ROTC), and atmospheric turbulence. The Kalman filter is tuned and evaluated for four aerial refueling scenarios...

Bowers, Roshawn Elizabeth

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Nebraska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Nebraska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

124

Florida Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Florida Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

125

Alabama Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Alabama Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

126

Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

127

Texas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

128

Wyoming Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Wyoming Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

129

Indiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Indiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

130

Arkansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Arkansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

131

Ohio Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Ohio Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

132

Kansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Kansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

133

Alaska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Alaska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

134

Colorado Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Colorado Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

135

Oklahoma Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Oklahoma Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

136

Louisiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Louisiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

137

Michigan Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Michigan Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

138

New Mexico Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) New Mexico Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

139

Montana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Montana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

140

Illinois Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Illinois Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A new algorithm for context-based biomedical diagram similarity estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the relatively simple n-gram sets-based approach achieves the...Their idea is to find a minimum set of addition, deletion and moving...of a diagram does not always cover every message illustrated in...characterize G as , where is the set of nodes in G; is the set of......

Songhua Xu; Jianqiang Sheng; Xiaonan Luo

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Control of Airborne Wind Energy Systems Based on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control & Moving Horizon Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tethered to the ground at a high velocity across the wind direction. Power can be generated by a, the first option is considered. Because it involves a much lighter structure, a major advantage of powerControl of Airborne Wind Energy Systems Based on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control & Moving

143

New insights for estimating the genetic value of F1 apple progenies for irregular bearing1 during first years of tree production2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 New insights for estimating the genetic value of F1 apple progenies for irregular bearing1 during title: Early quantification of alternation in flowering for F1 apple progenies18 Submitted: 02 agronomic issues in1 fruit-tree species, particularly in apple, the selection of regular cultivars

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

144

ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 501, Vol. 46, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 1928 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK-BASED ESTIMATION OF PEAK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­28 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK-BASED ESTIMATION OF PEAK GROUND ACCELERATION C.R. Arjun and Ashok Kumar Department the application of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for the estimation of peak ground acceleration (PGA inputs. KEYWORDS: Artificial Neural Networks, Peak Ground Acceleration, Hypocentral Distance, Shear Wave

Gupta, Vinay Kumar

145

Estimation of pKa for Druglike Compounds Using Semiempirical and Information-Based Descriptors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The resultant speed and accuracy of the approach has also enabled the development of Web application on the Novartis intranet for pKa prediction. ... These constants can have a profound effect on the physicochemical properties of a compound and are therefore essential for the optimization of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) characteristics. ... (12)?Ertl, P.; Selzer, P.; Mühlbacher, J. Web-based Cheminformatics Tools Deployed via Corporate Intranets. ...

Stephen Jelfs; Peter Ertl; Paul Selzer

2007-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

146

Screening Microalgae Strains for Biodiesel Production: Lipid Productivity and Estimation of Fuel Quality Based on Fatty Acids Profiles as Selective Criteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The viability of algae-based biodiesel industry depends on the selection of adequate ... fatty acid profiles, used for estimating the biodiesel fuel properties. Volumetric lipid productivity varied among...?1 day

Iracema Andrade Nascimento; Sheyla Santa Izabel Marques…

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Utility of SCaMPR Satellite versus Ground-Based Quantitative Precipitation Estimates in Operational Flood Forecasting: The Effects of TRMM Data Ingest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the utility of satellite-based quantitative precipitation estimates (QPEs) from the Self-Calibrating Multivariate Precipitation Retrieval (SCaMPR) algorithm for hydrologic prediction. In this work, two sets of SCaMPR QPEs, one ...

Haksu Lee; Yu Zhang; Dong-Jun Seo; Robert J. Kuligowski; David Kitzmiller; Robert Corby

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Measuring the Impact of Experimental Parameters upon the Estimated Thermal Conductivity of Closed-Cell Foam Insulation Subjected to an Accelerated Aging Protocol ? Two Year Results  

SciTech Connect

The thermal conductivity of many closed-cell foam insulation products changes over time as production gases diffuse out of the cell matrix and atmospheric gases diffuse into the cells. Thin slicing has been shown to be an effective means of accelerating this process in such a way as to produce meaningful results. Efforts to produce a more prescriptive version of the ASTM C 1303 standard test method have led to a broad ruggedness test. This test includes the aging of full size insulation specimens for time periods up to five years for later comparison to the predicted results. Experimental parameters under investigation include: slice thickness, slice origin (at the surface or from the core of the slab), thin slice stack composition, product facings, original product thickness, product density, and product type. This paper will compare the results after two years of full-thickness aging.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Reconciling Ground-Based and Space-Based Estimates of the Frequency of Occurrence and Radiative Effect of Clouds around Darwin, Australia  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to investigate whether estimates of the cloud frequency of occurrence and associated cloud radiative forcing as derived from ground-based and satellite active remote sensing and radiative transfer calculations can be reconciled over a well instrumented active remote sensing site located in Darwin, Australia, despite the very different viewing geometry and instrument characteristics. It is found that the ground-based radar-lidar combination at Darwin does not detect most of the cirrus clouds above 10 km (due to limited lidar detection capability and signal obscuration by low-level clouds) and that the CloudSat radar - Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) combination underreports the hydrometeor frequency of occurrence below 2 km height, due to instrument limitations at these heights. The radiative impact associated with these differences in cloud frequency of occurrence is large on the surface downwelling shortwave fluxes (ground and satellite) and the top-of atmosphere upwelling shortwave and longwave fluxes (ground). Good agreement is found for other radiative fluxes. Large differences in radiative heating rate as derived from ground and satellite radar-lidar instruments and RT calculations are also found above 10 km (up to 0.35 Kday-1 for the shortwave and 0.8 Kday-1 for the longwave). Given that the ground-based and satellite estimates of cloud frequency of occurrence and radiative impact cannot be fully reconciled over Darwin, caution should be exercised when evaluating the representation of clouds and cloud-radiation interactions in large-scale models and limitations of each set of instrumentation should be considered when interpreting model-observations differences.

Protat, Alain; Young, Stuart; McFarlane, Sally A.; L'Ecuyer, Tristan; Mace, Gerald G.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Long, Charles N.; Berry, Elizabeth; Delanoe, Julien

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A comparison of reconstruction methods for the estimation of CME kinematics based on SECCHI/HI observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the kinematics and arrival times of CMEs at Earth, derived from time-elongation maps (J-maps) constructed from STEREO/Heliospheric Imager (HI) observations, provides an opportunity to understand the heliospheric evolution of CMEs in general. We implement various reconstruction techniques, based on the use of time-elongation profiles of propagating CMEs viewed from single or multiple vantage points, to estimate the dynamics of three geo-effective CMEs. We use the kinematic properties, derived from analysis of the elongation profiles, as inputs to the Drag Based Model for the distance beyond which the CMEs cannot be tracked unambiguously in the J-maps. The ambient solar wind into which these CMEs, which travel with different speeds, are launched, is different. Therefore, these CMEs will evolve differently throughout their journey from the Sun to 1 AU. We associate the CMEs, identified and tracked in the J-maps, with signatures observed in situ near 1 AU by the WIND spacecraft. By deriving the kinemat...

Mishra, Wageesh; Davies, Jackie A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The Application of Traits-Based Assessment Approaches to Estimate the Effects of Hydroelectric Turbine Passage on Fish Populations  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important environmental issues facing the hydropower industry is the adverse impact of hydroelectric projects on downstream fish passage. Fish that migrate long distances as part of their life cycle include not only important diadromous species (such as salmon, shads, and eels) but also strictly freshwater species. The hydropower reservoirs that downstream-moving fish encounter differ greatly from free-flowing rivers. Many of the environmental changes that occur in a reservoir (altered water temperature and transparency, decreased flow velocities, increased predation) can reduce survival. Upon reaching the dam, downstream-migrating fish may suffer increased mortality as they pass through the turbines, spillways and other bypasses, or turbulent tailraces. Downstream from the dam, insufficient environmental flow releases may slow downstream fish passage rates or decrease survival. There is a need to refine our understanding of the relative importance of causative factors that contribute to turbine passage mortality (e.g., strike, pressure changes, turbulence) so that turbine design efforts can focus on mitigating the most damaging components. Further, present knowledge of the effectiveness of turbine improvements is based on studies of only a few species (mainly salmon and American shad). These data may not be representative of turbine passage effects for the hundreds of other fish species that are susceptible to downstream passage at hydroelectric projects. For example, there are over 900 species of fish in the United States. In Brazil there are an estimated 3,000 freshwater fish species, of which 30% are believed to be migratory (Viana et al. 2011). Worldwide, there are some 14,000 freshwater fish species (Magurran 2009), of which significant numbers are susceptible to hydropower impacts. By comparison, in a compilation of fish entrainment and turbine survival studies from over 100 hydroelectric projects in the United States, Winchell et al. (2000) found useful turbine passage survival data for only 30 species. Tests of advanced hydropower turbines have been limited to seven species - Chinook and coho salmon, rainbow trout, alewife, eel, smallmouth bass, and white sturgeon. We are investigating possible approaches for extending experimental results from the few tested fish species to predict turbine passage survival of other, untested species (Cada and Richmond 2011). In this report, we define the causes of injury and mortality to fish tested in laboratory and field studies, based on fish body shape and size, internal and external morphology, and physiology. We have begun to group the large numbers of unstudied species into a small number of categories, e.g., based on phylogenetic relationships or ecological similarities (guilds), so that subsequent studies of a few representative species (potentially including species-specific Biological Index Testing) would yield useful information about the overall fish community. This initial effort focused on modifying approaches that are used in the environmental toxicology field to estimate the toxicity of substances to untested species. Such techniques as the development of species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) and Interspecies Correlation Estimation (ICE) models rely on a considerable amount of data to establish the species-toxicity relationships that can be extended to other organisms. There are far fewer studies of turbine passage stresses from which to derive the turbine passage equivalent of LC{sub 50} values. Whereas the SSD and ICE approaches are useful analogues to predicting turbine passage injury and mortality, too few data are available to support their application without some form of modification or simplification. In this report we explore the potential application of a newer, related technique, the Traits-Based Assessment (TBA), to the prediction of downstream passage mortality at hydropower projects.

Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Estimation of dynamic petrophysical properties of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud from the interpretation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to estimate fundamental dynamic properties of rock formations such as permeability, capillary pressure) invades connate water- saturated rocks. This is a favorable condition for the estimation of dynamic tested a new method to estimate porosity, fluid saturation, per- meability, capillary pressure

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

153

Louisiana - North Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Louisiana - North Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

154

New Mexico - West Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) New Mexico - West Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

155

New Mexico - East Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) New Mexico - East Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

156

Lower 48 States Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Lower 48 States Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

157

North Dakota Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) North Dakota Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

158

West Virginia Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) West Virginia Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

159

Model-Based Estimation of Off-Highway Road Geometry using Single-Axis LADAR and Inertial Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Submitted, 2006 International Conference on Robotics and Automation Abstract-- This paper applies some for a variety of automotive applications in intelligent transporta- tion systems, because it enables prediction estimation schemes for road estimation to "off-highway" environments, where roads are typically not painted

Murray, Richard M.

160

Research Summary Estimating Woodfuel Resource Cost Curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and plant based biomass, with the largest proportion (39%) from domestic wood combustion. Objectives utilise an additional 2 million `green' tonnes of wood biomass a year - equivalent to 1 million oven dry, the estimated amount of woodfuel biomass most immediately available from UMW is 12% of the FCE target

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ReproducedfromCropScience.PublishedbyCropScienceSocietyofAmerica.Allcopyrightsreserved. Pedigree-vs. DNA Marker-Based Genetic Similarity Estimates in Cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- vs. DNA Marker-Based Genetic Similarity Estimates in Cotton Guillermo Van Becelaere, Edward L and detailed pedi- mates for a set of 36 Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars. gree records similarity measures the degree ofof true genetic resemblance among cotton cultivars. Nevertheless

Chee, Peng W.

162

Speed-and Facility-Specific Emission Estimates for On-Road Light-Duty Vehicles based on Real-World Speed Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

06-1096 Speed- and Facility-Specific Emission Estimates for On-Road Light-Duty Vehicles based on Real-World Speed Profiles By H. Christopher Frey, Ph.D. Professor Department of Civil, Construction demand and land use models such as TransCAD, TranPlan or TRANUS produce average link speed and link VMT

Frey, H. Christopher

163

Choosing wind power plant locations and sizes based on electric reliability measures using multiple-year wind speed measurements  

SciTech Connect

To project the US potential to meet future electricity demands with wind energy, estimates of available wind resource and costs to access that resource are critical. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA) annually estimates the US market penetration of wind in its Annual Energy Outlook series. For these estimates, the EIA uses wind resource data developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for each region of the country. However, the EIA multiplies the cost of windpower by several factors, some as large as 3, to account for resource quality, market factors associated with accessing the resource, electric grid impacts, and rapid growth in the wind industry. This paper examines the rationale behind these additional costs and suggests alternatives.

Milligan, M.R.; Artig, R.

1999-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

164

ESTIMATES OF THE PLANET YIELD FROM GROUND-BASED HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGING OBSERVATIONS AS A FUNCTION OF STELLAR MASS  

SciTech Connect

We use Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the number of extrasolar planets that are directly detectable in the solar neighborhood using current and forthcoming high-contrast imaging instruments. Our calculations take into consideration the important factors that govern the likelihood for imaging a planet, including the statistical properties of stars in the solar neighborhood, correlations between star and planet properties, observational effects, and selection criteria. We consider several different ground-based surveys, both biased and unbiased, and express the resulting planet yields as a function of stellar mass. Selecting targets based on their youth and visual brightness, we find that strong correlations between star mass and planet properties are required to reproduce high-contrast imaging results to date (i.e., HR 8799, {beta} Pic). Using the most recent empirical findings for the occurrence rate of gas-giant planets from radial velocity (RV) surveys, our simulations indicate that naive extrapolation of the Doppler planet population to semimajor axes accessible to high-contrast instruments provides an excellent agreement between simulations and observations using present-day contrast levels. In addition to being intrinsically young and sufficiently bright to serve as their own beacon for adaptive optics correction, A-stars have a high planet occurrence rate and propensity to form massive planets in wide orbits, making them ideal targets. The same effects responsible for creating a multitude of detectable planets around massive stars conspire to reduce the number orbiting low-mass stars. However, in the case of a young stellar cluster, where targets are approximately the same age and situated at roughly the same distance, MK-stars can easily dominate the number of detections because of an observational bias related to small number statistics. The degree to which low-mass stars produce the most planet detections in this special case depends upon whether multiple formation mechanisms are at work. Upon relaxing our assumption that planets in ultra-wide (a > 100 AU) orbits resemble the RV sample, our simulations suggest that the companions found orbiting late-type stars (AB Pic, 1RXSJ1609, GSC 06214, etc.) are consistent with a formation channel distinct from that of RV planets. These calculations explain why planets have thus far been imaged preferentially around A-stars and K-, M-stars, but no spectral types in between, despite concerted efforts targeting F-, G-stars.

Crepp, Justin R.; Johnson, John Asher, E-mail: jcrepp@astro.caltech.edu [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); NASA Exoplanet Science Institute (NExScI), California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 100-22, 770 South Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Estimates of the Planet Yield from Ground-based High-contrast Imaging Observations as a Function of Stellar Mass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the number of extrasolar planets that are directly detectable in the solar neighborhood using current and forthcoming high-contrast imaging instruments. Our calculations take into consideration the important factors that govern the likelihood for imaging a planet, including the statistical properties of stars in the solar neighborhood, correlations between star and planet properties, observational effects, and selection criteria. We consider several different ground-based surveys, both biased and unbiased, and express the resulting planet yields as a function of stellar mass. Selecting targets based on their youth and visual brightness, we find that strong correlations between star mass and planet properties are required to reproduce high-contrast imaging results to date (i.e., HR 8799, ? Pic). Using the most recent empirical findings for the occurrence rate of gas-giant planets from radial velocity (RV) surveys, our simulations indicate that naive extrapolation of the Doppler planet population to semimajor axes accessible to high-contrast instruments provides an excellent agreement between simulations and observations using present-day contrast levels. In addition to being intrinsically young and sufficiently bright to serve as their own beacon for adaptive optics correction, A-stars have a high planet occurrence rate and propensity to form massive planets in wide orbits, making them ideal targets. The same effects responsible for creating a multitude of detectable planets around massive stars conspire to reduce the number orbiting low-mass stars. However, in the case of a young stellar cluster, where targets are approximately the same age and situated at roughly the same distance, MK-stars can easily dominate the number of detections because of an observational bias related to small number statistics. The degree to which low-mass stars produce the most planet detections in this special case depends upon whether multiple formation mechanisms are at work. Upon relaxing our assumption that planets in ultra-wide (a > 100 AU) orbits resemble the RV sample, our simulations suggest that the companions found orbiting late-type stars (AB Pic, 1RXSJ1609, GSC 06214, etc.) are consistent with a formation channel distinct from that of RV planets. These calculations explain why planets have thus far been imaged preferentially around A-stars and K-, M-stars, but no spectral types in between, despite concerted efforts targeting F-, G-stars.

Justin R. Crepp; John Asher Johnson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Los Alamos PC estimating system  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Cost Estimating System (QUEST) is being converted to run on IBM personal computers. This very extensive estimating system is capable of supporting cost estimators from many different and varied fields. QUEST does not dictate any fixed method for estimating. QUEST supports many styles and levels of detail estimating. QUEST can be used with or without data bases. This system allows the estimator to provide reports based on levels of detail defined by combining work breakdown structures. QUEST provides a set of tools for doing any type of estimate without forcing the estimator to use any given method. The level of detail in the estimate can be mixed based on the amount of information known about different parts of the project. The system can support many different data bases simultaneously. Estimators can modify any cost in any data base.

Stutz, R.A.; Lemon, G.D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

ROBUST TDE-BASED DOA ESTIMATION FOR COMPACT AUDIO ARRAYS Krishnaraj Varma, Takeshi Ikuma, and A. A. (Louis) Beex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithm with PHAT weighting (SRP-PHAT algorithm) [1]. The SRP-PHAT algorithm computes a cumulative cumulative GCC-PHAT value is assumed to be the true DOA. While it has been argued [1] that the SRP computational effort. While improving DOA estimation accuracy toward that of the SRP-PHAT algorithm

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

168

Power estimation and reliability evaluation of municipal waste water and self-excited induction generator-based micro hydropower generation system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents power estimation and reliability evaluation of the micro hydro power generation system based on municipal waste water. Self-excited induction generator was used in the developed power plant, situated at IIT (BHU) campus, Varanasi, India. The hydro potential of the waste water flowing through sewage system of the Banaras Hindu University has been determined for annual flow duration and daily flow duration curves by ordering the recorded waste water from maximum to minimum flows. This paper estimates output power and determines reliability indices like: failure rate, repair rate, MTTF, MTTR and MTBF of the MWW-based developed generation plant. Design parameters of the SEIG with suitable values of the capacitor have been used and recommended for improvement of the power generation quality and reliability of the system.

Lokesh Varshney; R.K. Saket; Saeid Eslamian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Texas - RRC District 10 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 10 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

170

U.S. Federal Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) U.S. Federal Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

171

Texas - RRC District 7B Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 7B Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

172

Texas - RRC District 6 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 6 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

173

Louisiana State Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Louisiana State Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

174

Texas - RRC District 7C Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 7C Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

175

Miscellaneous States Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Miscellaneous States Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

176

Texas State Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas State Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

177

Texas - RRC District 8A Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 8A Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

178

Texas - RRC District 9 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 9 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

179

Texas - RRC District 8 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 8 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

180

Texas - RRC District 1 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 1 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Texas - RRC District 5 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 5 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

182

Abstract--Since a few years, the vehicle industry tends to increase the performances of the lights based on led  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on led technologies. Nowadays, led systems are used as a standard by motor vehicles manufacturers. Led lights present higher reliability and are more flexible regarding the design or power adjustments. Furthermore, led systems are also very convenient for intensity modulation like in telecommunication fields

Boyer, Edmond

183

Real-time estimation of gas turbine engine damage using a control-based Kalman filter algorithm  

SciTech Connect

In this paper a second-generation Kalman filter algorithm is described that has sufficient accuracy and response for real-time detection and estimation of gas turbine engine gas path damage caused by normal wear, mechanical failures, and ingestion of foreign objects. The algorithm was developed for in-flight operation of aircraft engines but also has application for marine and industrial gas turbines. The control measurement and microcomputer requirements are described. The performance and sensitivity to engine transients and measurement errors is evaluated. The algorithm is demonstrated with actual engine data of ice and bird ingestion tests.

Kerr, L.J.; Nemec, T.S.; Gallops, G.W. (Pratt and Whitney, United Technologies Corp., West Palm Beach, FL (US))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A neural network based approach to estimate of power system harmonics for an induction furnace under the different load conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents an artificial neural network based intelligent monitoring algorithm to detect of a power system harmonics. The proposed approach was tested on the current and voltage data of an induction furn...

Hayrettin Gokozan; Sezai Taskin; Serhat Seker; Huseyin Ekiz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The influence of naturally-occurring organic acids on model estimates of lakewater acidification using the model of acidification of groundwater in catchments (MAGIC). Summary of research conducted during year 1  

SciTech Connect

A project for the US Department of Energy, entitled ``Incorporation of an organic acid representation into MAGIC (Model of Acidification of Groundwater in Catchments) and Testing of the Revised Model UsingIndependent Data Sources`` was initiated by E&S Environmental Chemistry, Inc. in March, 1992. Major components of the project include: improving the MAGIC model by incorporating a rigorous organic acid representation, based on empirical data and geochemical considerations, and testing the revised model using data from paleolimnological hindcasts of preindustrial chemistry for 33 Adirondack Mountain lakes, and the results of whole-catchment artificial acidification projects in Maine and Norway. The ongoing research in this project involves development of an organic acid representation to be incorporated into the MAGIC modeland testing of the improved model using three independent data sources. The research during Year 1 has included conducting two workshops to agree on an approach for the organic acid modeling, developing the organic subroutine and incorporating it into MAGIC (Task 1), conducing MAGIC hindcasts for Adirondack lakes and comparing the results with paleolimnological reconstructions (Task 2), and conducting site visits to the manipulation project sites in Maine and Norway. The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the work that has been conducted on this project during Year 1. Tasks 1 and 2 have now been completed.

Sullivan, T.J.; Eilers, J.M. [E and S Environmental Chemistry, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States)] [E and S Environmental Chemistry, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States); Cosby, B.J. [Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences] [Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences; Driscoll, C.T. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering] [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Hemond, H.F. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering] [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Charles, D.F. [Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, PA (United States). Patrick Center for Environmental Research] [Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, PA (United States). Patrick Center for Environmental Research; Norton, S.A. [Maine Univ., Orono, ME (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences] [Maine Univ., Orono, ME (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1993-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

186

Cost Estimator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A successful candidate in this position will serve as a senior cost and schedule estimator who is responsible for preparing life-cycle cost and schedule estimates and analyses associated with the...

187

A new GA optimised Reliability Ratio based integration weight estimation scheme for decision fusion Audio-Visual Speech Recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Audio-Visual Speech Recognition (AVSR) using acoustic and visual signals of speech have received attention recently because of its robustness in noisy environments. An important issue in decision fusion AVSR systems is the determination of appropriate integration weight for better performance. A new Genetic Algorithm (GA) based scheme to obtain an appropriate integration weight is proposed here. The performance of the proposed scheme is demonstrated for commonly used mobile functions isolated word recognition via multi-speaker database experiment. The results show that the proposed scheme improves robust recognition accuracy over conventional unimodal systems and other related bimodal systems, namely, Reliability ratio and Neural Network based AVSR systems.

R. Rajavel; P.S. Sathidevi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Property:Incentive/SWHComYears | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SWHComYears SWHComYears Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/SWHComYears Property Type String Description The number of years of energy production to which the commercial incentive applies. For commercial/Non-profit/gov't systems, this is may be an upfront rebate based on an estimate of first-year production or this may be actual measured output over several years. Ex: APS's (AZ) RE incentive for commercial SWH is $0.057/kWh over 10 years. Format: 10.0 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/SWHComYears" Showing 21 pages using this property. A APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) + 1 + C CPS Energy - Solar Hot Water Rebate Program (Texas) + 1 + California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program (California) + 1 +

189

Capturing the Usage of the German Car Fleet for a One Year Period to Evaluate the Suitability of Battery Electric Vehicles – A Model based Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The low driving range of battery electric vehicles (BEV) is often considered as relevant reason for the low BEV sales. In order to verify this assumption, the usage of conventional cars in Germany needs to be analyzed. These analyses may help to make more reliable and realistic statements to what extent German cars could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without restrictions for their users. Most travel surveys do only consider a single day or a short period of time in the analysis. Longer time periods should be taken into consideration when analyzing the travel data since the daily car usage is not identical every day. Since there are no representative and detailed car usage surveys over longer periods available a hybrid car usage model was developed to close that gap. This model is mainly based on three mobility surveys: the German Mobility Panel (MOP), the car mileage and fuel consumption survey, and the long distance travel survey INVERMO. We show that 13% of the modeled German private car fleet never exceeds 100 km per day during a full year and could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without any usage restrictions for their car owners. Another 16% of the modeled private car fleet is driven more than 100 km on 1-4 days during a full year and can be substituted with slight adjustments. These cars are often second cars of a household and used less intensively (6,600 km/year resp. 7600 km/year) than cars not suited for BEV substitution (14,800 km/year). Households that could replace their cars tend to have a lower disposable income. The crux of the matter, however, is that substitution of conventional cars is often not feasible since the mobility budget of BEV suited households tends to be too low or does not make economic sense due to the low annual mileage.

Christine Weiss; Bastian Chlond; Michael Heilig; Peter Vortisch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

A Method for energy estimation and mass composition determination of primary cosmic rays at Chacaltaya observation level based on atmospheric Cerenkov light technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for energy and mass composition estimation of primary cosmic ray radiation based on atmospheric Cerenkov light flux in extensive air showers (EAS) analysis is proposed. The Cerenkov light flux in EAS initiated by primary protons and iron nuclei is simulated with CORSIKA 5.62 code for Chacaltaya observation level (536 g/cm2) in the energy range 10 TeV - 10 PeV. An adequate model, approximation of lateral distribution of Cerenkov light in showers is obtained. Using the proposed model and solution of overdetermined system of nonlinear equations based on Gauss Newton method with autoregularization, two different array detector arrangements are compared. The detector response for the detector sets is simulated. The accuracies in energy and shower axis determination are studied and the corresponding selection criteria are proposed. An approximation with nonlinear fit is obtained and the energy dependence of the proposed model function parameters is studied. The approximation of model parameters as function of the primary energy is carried out. This permits, taking into account the properties of the proposed method and model, to distinguish proton primaries from iron primaries. The detector response for the detector sets is simulated and the accuracies in energy determination are calculated. Moreover the accuracies in shower axis determination are studied and criteria in shower axis position estimation are proposed.

S. Mavrodiev; A. Mishev; J. Stamenov

2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

191

Estimation of CO2 effluxes from suburban forest floor and grass using a process-based model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon dioxide is an important greenhouse gas, and its atmospheric concentration has been predicted to increase in the future. The objective of this study was to quantify the soil CO2 efflux in a suburban area including mixed deciduous forest and grass by numerically modeling the CO2 transport through the soil profile. Three stations per land-cover (forest and grass) were selected at the Cub Hill site (MD, USA), where the US Forest Service operates an urban flux tower. Six VAISALA CO2 sensors (Vaisala Inc., Finland) per monitoring station were horizontally installed at 6 different depths (soil surface, 0.02, 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.30 m from the soil surface) in the mid of May, 2011. Temperature and volumetric soil moisture measurements were taken using thermistors and EC-5 sensors (Decagon devices, Pullman, WA, USA) that were installed at the same depths as the CO2 sensors except for the soil surface. These data were recorded every 10 min. To evaluate the numerical model (SOILCO2), CO2 efflux using the standard chamber method was measured once a week. The CO2 effluxes from the standard chamber method ranged from 3.32 × 10?9 to 7.28 × 10?8 m3 m?2 s?1 and 6.79 × 10?9 to 1.45 × 10?7 m3 m?2 s?1 for forest and grass, respectively. The CO2 effluxes from “bare” soil at the grass site varied with the range of 3.63 × 10?8 to 9.37 × 10?8 m3 m?2 s?1. The “pulse effect” (a rapid increase of CO2 concentrations right after rainfall events) in grass, where changes in soil moisture were larger than in the forest, was more apparent than in the forest. Diurnal patterns similar to those of temperature were observed from CO2 profiles in soils. The SOILCO2 model estimated the soil CO2 effluxes with coefficients of correlation of 0.64 and 0.76 at forest and grass, respectively, and root mean square error (RMSE) of 1.58 × 10?8 and 2.06 × 10?8 m3 m?2 s?1 for forest and grass, respectively. This study suggests that the SOILCO2 model can provide a better understanding of the contribution of the soil ecosystem to the carbon cycle in suburban environments including mixed deciduous forest and grass.

J.A. Chun; K. Szlavecz; M. Bernard; D. Ferrer; J. Hom; N. Saliendra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Field Lysimeter Investigations - test results: Low-Level Waste Data Base Development Program: Test results for fiscal years 1994-1995  

SciTech Connect

The Field Lysimeter Investigations: Low-Level Waste Data Base Development Program, funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), is (1) studying the degradation effects in EPICOR-II organic ion-exchange resins caused by radiation, (2) examining the adequacy of test procedures recommended in the Branch Technical Position on Waste Form to meet the requirements of 10 CFR 61 using solidified EPICOR-II resins, (3) obtaining performance information on solidified EPICOR-II ion-exchange resins in a disposal environment, and (4) determining the condition of EPICOR-II liners. Results of the final 2 (10 total) years of data acquisition from operation of the field testing are presented and discussed. During the continuing field testing, both portland type I-II cement and Dow vinyl ester-styrene waste forms are being tested in lysimeter arrays located at Argonne National Laboratory-East in Illinois and at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The experimental equipment is described and results of waste form characterization using tests recommended by the NRC`s {open_quotes}Technical Position on Waste Form{close_quotes} are presented. The study is designed to provide continuous data on nuclide release and movement, as well as environmental conditions, over a 20-year period. At the end of the tenth year, the experiment was closed down. Examination of soil and waste forms is planned to be conducted next and will be reported later.

McConnell, J.W. Jr.; Rodgers, R.D.; Hilton, L.D.; Neilson, R.M. Jr. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Field lysimeter investigations: Low-level waste data base development program for fiscal year 1995. Volume 8, Annual report, October 1994-- September 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Field Lysimeter Investigations: Low-Level Waste Data Base Development Program, funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, is (a) studying the degradation effects in organic ion-exchange resins caused by radiation, (b) examining the adequacy of test procedures recommended in the Branch Technical Position on Waste Form to meet the requirements of 10 CFR 61 using solidified ion-exchange resins, (c) obtaining performance information on solidified ion- exchange resins in a disposal environment, and (d) determining the condition of liners used to dispose the ion-exchange resins. Compressive test results of 12-year-old cement and vinyl ester- styrene solidified waste form samples are presented, which show effects of aging and self-irradiation. Results of the tenth year of data acquisition from the field testing are presented and discussed. During the continuing field testing, both portland type I-II cement and Dow vinyl ester-styrene waste form samples are being tested in lysimeter arrays located at Argonne National Laboratory-East in Illinois and at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The study is designed to provide continuous data on nuclide release and movement, as well as environmental conditions, over a 20-year period.

McConnell, J.W. Jr.; Rogers, R.D.; Larsen, I.L. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Jastrow, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Sanford, W.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sullivan, T.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Y YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

5 79 -7.06% YEAR 2013 2014 Males 59 57 -3.39% Females 26 22 -15.38% YEAR 2013 2014 SES 1 0 -100% EJEK 4 3 -25.00% EN 05 3 2 -33.33% EN 04 22 22 0% EN 03...

195

Y YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 40 -4.76% YEAR 2013 2014 Males 37 35 -5.41% Females 5 5 0% YEAR 2013 2014 SES 2 2 0% EJEK 5 4 -20.00% EN 05 5 7 40.00% EN 04 6 6 0% EN 03 1 1 0% NN...

196

Y YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

91 81 -10.99% YEAR 2013 2014 Males 67 56 -16.42% Females 24 25 4.17% YEAR 2013 2014 SES 1 2 100% EJEK 9 8 -11.11% EN 04 25 22 -12.00% NN (Engineering) 24...

197

The 2.35 year itch of Cygnus OB2#9 III. X-ray and radio emission analysis based on three dimensional hydrodynamical modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray and radio data recently acquired as part of a project to study Cyg OB2#9 are used to constrain physical models of the binary system, providing in-depth knowledge about the wind-wind collision and the thermal, and non-thermal, emission arising from the shocks. We use a three-dimensional, adaptive mesh refinement simulation (including wind acceleration, radiative cooling, and the orbital motion of the stars) to model the gas dynamics of the wind-wind collision. The simulation output is used as the basis for radiative transfer calculations considering the thermal X-ray emission and the thermal/non-thermal radio emission. To obtain good agreement with the X-ray observations, our initial mass-loss rate estimates require a down-shift by a factor of roughly 7.7 to $6.5\\times10^{-7}$ and $7.5\\times10^{-7}$ solar mass per year for the primary and secondary star, respectively. Furthermore, the low gas densities and high shock velocities in Cyg OB2#9 are suggestive of unequal electron and ion temperatures, and the...

Parkin, E R; Nazé, Y; Blomme, R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Online estimation of wax deposition thickness in single-phase sub-sea pipelines based on acoustic chemometrics: A feasibility study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposition in sub-sea oil producing pipelines is a concern to the oil producing companies. The deposition of wax in pipelines can cause serious economic implications if not monitored and controlled. Several researchers have developed models and investigated the deposition of wax in crude oil pipelines. As of today, there is no off the shelf instrument available for reliable online estimation of the wax deposition thickness in sub-sea pipelines. Acoustic chemometrics was applied to investigate the potential for online estimation of wax deposition thickness in sub-sea pipelines. This feasibility study was carried out as a so called piggy back on experiments performed at Statoil research centre in Porsgrunn, Norway with real crude oil or waxy gas condensate. The first investigations focused on the repeatability of the acoustic chemometric technique followed by online prediction of the wax deposition thickness in a single-phase oil flow pipeline. A partial least squares regression model was calibrated and validated with a totally independent data set. The calibrated model had a root mean squared error of prediction of 0.28 mm with a final wax deposition thickness of 3.36 mm, a slope of 0.91 and R2 of 0.83 which were satisfactory results. The effect of varying oil flow rates on the wax deposition thickness was also investigated. The preliminary results showed the need for further investigations based on a robust experimental design and sample pre-processing. The general conclusion that can be drawn from this feasibility study was that the potential of adapting the acoustic chemometric technique for online estimation of the wax deposition thickness exist and must be further investigated.

Maths Halstensen; Benjamin Kaku Arvoh; Lene Amundsen; Rainer Hoffmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Comparison and application of different empirical correlations for estimating the hydrate safety margin of oil-based drilling fluids containing ethylene glycol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As the oil and gas industries continue to increase their activity in deep water, gas hydrate hazards will become more serious and challenging, both at present and in the future. Accurate predictions of the hydrate-free zone and the suitable addition of salts and/or alcohols in preparing drilling fluids are particularly important both in preventing hydrate problems and decreasing the cost of drilling operations. In this paper, we compared several empirical correlations commonly used to estimate the hydrate inhibition effect of aqueous organic and electrolyte solutions using experiments with ethylene glycol (EG) as a hydrate inhibitor. The results show that the Najibi et al. correlation (for single and mixed thermodynamic inhibitors) and the Ostergaard et al. empirical correlation (for single thermodynamic inhibitors) are suitable for estimating the hydrate safety margin of oil-based drilling fluids (OBDFs) in the presence of thermodynamic hydrate inhibitors. According to the two correlations, the OBDF, composed of 1.6 L vaporizing oil, 2% emulsifying agent, 1% organobentonite, 0.5% SP-1, 1% LP-1, 10% water and 40% EG, can be safely used at a water depth of up to 1900 m. However, for more accurate predictions for drilling fluids, the effects of the solid phase, especially bentonite, on hydrate inhibition need to be considered and included in the application of these two empirical correlations.

Fulong Ning; Ling Zhang; Guosheng Jiang; Yunzhong Tu; Xiang Wu; Yibing Yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Establish the multi-source data fusion model of the shape of blast furnace burden surface based on co-universal kriging estimation method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a multi-source data fusion model method which could improve the blast furnace (BF) burden surface model accuracy. First, the three sections of straight line are used to describe the cross section of BF burden surface, and apply the motion law of the furnace burden to constrain the specific parameters of the three sections of straight line. Secondly, a multi-source data fusion method based on co-universal kriging estimation method is proposed. The temperature and height data are combined to build the unbiased estimation for the burden surface shape. Finally, an example of surface shape model using our proposed method in a 2500 m³ BF of a steel plant is discussed. The application shows that, contrasted with the traditional model, the model accuracy has arisen by 8%, and the resolution of surface shape has arisen by 0.32. The novel method can provide necessary guidance for energy saving and emission reduction in operation of the BF.

Liangliang Miao; Xianzhong Chen; Shilong Zhao; Zhenlong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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201

Sliding mode observer design for a PWR to estimate the xenon concentration & delayed neutrons precursor density based on the two point nuclear reactor model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the important operations in nuclear power plants is load-following in which imbalance of axial power distribution induces xenon oscillations. These oscillations must be maintained within acceptable limits otherwise the nuclear power plant could become unstable. Therefore, bounded xenon oscillation considered to be a constraint for the load-following operation. In other hands, precursors produce delayed neutrons which are most important in control of nuclear reactor, but xenon concentration & precursor density cannot be measured directly. In this paper, non-linear sliding mode observer which has the robust characteristics facing the parameters uncertainties and disturbances is proposed based on the two point nuclear reactor model to estimate the xenon concentration & delayed neutron precursor density of the Pressurized-Water Nuclear Reactor (PWR) using reactor power measurement. The stability analysis is given by means Lyapunov approach, thus the system is guaranteed to be stable within a large range. The employed method is easy to implement in practical applications. This estimation is done taking into account the effects of reactivity feedback due to temperature and xenon concentration. Simulation results clearly show that the sliding mode observer follows the actual system variables accurately and is satisfactory in the presence of the parameters uncertainties & disturbances.

G.R. Ansarifar; M.H. Esteki; M. Arghand

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Estimation of the recycled power associated with the cryogenic refrigeration power of a fusion reactor based on TORE SUPRA experiment and ITER design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The refrigeration power associated with the superconducting magnets and cryopumps of a steady-state fusion reactor is not negligible. The power has to be minimized because it plays a role in the power station global efficiency and in the required amplification factor Q. On the one hand, the long plasma discharges obtained in December 2003 on TORE SUPRA give an insight of the cryogenic losses that might be expected for a steady-state fusion reactor equipped with superconducting magnets. The superfluid bath of the windings in TORE SUPRA allows a simple calorimetric estimation of the cryogenic losses through the temperature evolution of the bath during the long discharge. The different kinds of losses in TORE SUPRA are estimated, discussed and explained. Not all of them will be present in a real reactor. On the other hand, in the framework of ITER preparation, the magnet system and the associated refrigerator have been dimensioned taking into account again all kinds of cold losses. This exercise is important because ITER, by its size, could be relevant to the steady-state reactor situation regarding refrigeration. Based on TORE SUPRA experiment and ITER design it is, therefore, possible to propose for the first time a preliminary figure for the cryoplant power of a steady-state reactor. The order of magnitude of the cryoplant power is ten times lower than that of the fusion reactor recycled power which can be considered acceptable.

J.L. Duchateau; J.Y. Journeaux; F. Millet

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

State Emissions Estimates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Estimates of state energy-related carbon dioxide emissions Estimates of state energy-related carbon dioxide emissions Because energy-related carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) constitutes over 80 percent of total emissions, the state energy-related CO 2 emission levels provide a good indicator of the relative contribution of individual states to total greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) emissions estimates at the state level for energy-related CO 2 are based on data contained in the State Energy Data System (SEDS). 1 The state-level emissions estimates are based on energy consumption data for the following fuel categories: three categories of coal (residential/commercial, industrial, and electric power sector); natural gas; and ten petroleum products including-- asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, distillate fuel, jet fuel, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gases

204

Field lysimeter investigations - test results. Low-level waste data base development program: Test results for fiscal years 1986, 1987, 1988, and 1989  

SciTech Connect

The Field Lysimeter Investigations: Low-Level Waste Data Base Development Program, funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), is (a) studying the degradation effects in EPICOR-II organic ion-exchange resins caused by radiation, (b) examining the adequacy of test procedures recommended in the Branch Technical Position on Waste Form to meet the requirements of 10 CFR 61 using solidified EPICOR-II resins, (c) obtaining performance information on solidified EPICOR-II ion-exchange resins in a disposal environment, and (d) determining the condition of EPICOR-II liners. Results of the first 4 years of data acquisition from the field testing are presented and discussed. During the continuing field testing, both Portland type I-II cement and Dow vinyl ester-styrene waste forms are being tested in lysimeter arrays located at Argonne National Laboratory-East in Illinois and at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The experimental equipment is described and results of waste form characterization using tests recommended by the NRC`s {open_quotes}Technical Position on Waste Form{close_quotes} are presented. The study is designed to provide continuous data on nuclide release and movement, as well as environmental conditions, over a 20-year period.

McConnell, J.W. Jr.; Rogers, R.D.; Findlay, M.W.; Davis, E.C.; Jastrow, J.D.; Neilson, R.M. Jr.; Hilton, L.D.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Field Lysimeter Investigations -- Test results. Low-Level Waste Data Base Development Program: Test results for fiscal years 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993; Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Field Lysimeter Investigations: Low-Level Waste Data Base Development Program, funded by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), is (a) studying the degradation effects in EPICOR-II organic ion-exchange resins caused by radiation, (b) examining the adequacy of test procedures recommended in the Branch Technical Position on Waste Form to meet the requirements of 10 CFR 61 using solidified EPICOR-II resins, (c) obtaining performance information on solidified EPICOR-II ion-exchange resins in a disposal environment, and (d) determining the condition of EPICOR-II liners. Results of the second 4 years of data acquisition from the field testing are presented and discussed. During the continuing field testing, both portland type 1--2 cement and Dow vinyl ester-styrene waste forms are being tested in lysimeter arrays located at Argonne National Laboratory-East in Illinois and at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The experimental equipment is described and results of waste form characterization using tests recommended by the NRC`s ``Technical Position on Waste Form`` are presented. The study is designed to provide continuous data on nuclide release and movement, as well as environmental conditions, over a 20-year period.

McConnell, J.W. Jr.; Rogers, R.D.; Brey, R.R.; Neilson, R.M. Jr.; Hilton, L.D. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering Lab.; Jastrow, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Wickliff Hicks, D.S.; Sanford, W.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sullivan, T.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Estimated Annual Net Change in Soil Carbon per US County  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Estimated Annual Net Change in Soil Carbon per US County These data represent the estimated net change (Megagram per year) in soil carbon due to changes in the crop type and tillage intensity. Estimated accumulation of soil carbon under Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)lands is included in these estimates. Negative values represent a net flux from the atmosphere to the soil; positive values represent a net flux from the soil to the atmosphere. As such, soil carbon sequestration is represented here as a negative value. The method of analysis is based on empirical relationshipsbetween land management and soil carbon. The method for modeling land management and estimating soil carbonchange, used to generate these data, is described in the following publication:

207

Estimation of resources and reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report analyzes the economics of resource and reserve estimation. Current concern about energy problems has focused attention on how we measure available energy resources. One reads that we have an eight-year oil ...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Energy Laboratory.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Louisiana - South Onshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Louisiana - South Onshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0...

209

Texas - RRC District 2 Onshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 2 Onshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0...

210

California State Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) California State Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0...

211

California Federal Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) California Federal Offshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0...

212

Highly Automated Dipole EStimation , A. Pascarella2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

filter, HADES (Highly Automatic Dipole EStimation). HADES is an open-source, freely downloadable, Matlab-based

Piana, Michele

213

Estimation of the electron density and radiative energy losses in a calcium plasma source based on an electron cyclotron resonance discharge  

SciTech Connect

The parameters of a calcium plasma source based on an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) discharge were calculated. The analysis was performed as applied to an ion cyclotron resonance system designed for separation of calcium isotopes. The plasma electrons in the source were heated by gyrotron microwave radiation in the zone of the inhomogeneous magnetic field. It was assumed that, in such a combined trap, the energy of the extraordinary microwave propagating from the high-field side was initially transferred to a small group of resonance electrons. As a result, two electron components with different transverse temperatures-the hot resonance component and the cold nonresonance component-were created in the plasma. The longitudinal temperatures of both components were assumed to be equal. The entire discharge space was divided into a narrow ECR zone, where resonance electrons acquired transverse energy, and the region of the discharge itself, where the gas was ionized. The transverse energy of resonance electrons was calculated by solving the equations for electron motion in an inhomogeneous magnetic field. Using the law of energy conservation and the balance condition for the number of hot electrons entering the discharge zone and cooled due to ionization and elastic collisions, the density of hot electrons was estimated and the dependence of the longitudinal temperature T{sub e Parallel-To} of the main (cold) electron component on the energy fraction {beta} lost for radiation was obtained.

Potanin, E. P., E-mail: potanin@imp.kiae.ru; Ustinov, A. L. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Essays on Nonparametric Series Estimation with Application to Financial Econometrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation includes two essays. In the first essay, I proposed an alternative estimator for multivariate densities. This estimator can be characterized as a transformation based estimator. The first stage estimates each marginal density...

Chang, Meng-Shiuh

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

215

Cost estimate of electricity produced by TPV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A crucial parameter for the market penetration of TPV is its electricity production cost. In this work a detailed cost estimate is performed for a Si photocell based TPV system, which was developed for electrically self-powered operation of a domestic heating system. The results are compared to a rough estimate of cost of electricity for a projected GaSb based system. For the calculation of the price of electricity, a lifetime of 20 years, an interest rate of 4.25% per year and maintenance costs of 1% of the investment are presumed. To determine the production cost of TPV systems with a power of 12–20 kW, the costs of the TPV components and 100 EUR kW?1el,peak for assembly and miscellaneous were estimated. Alternatively, the system cost for the GaSb system was derived from the cost of the photocells and from the assumption that they account for 35% of the total system cost. The calculation was done for four different TPV scenarios which include a Si based prototype system with existing technology (?sys = 1.0%), leading to 3000 EUR kW?1el,peak, an optimized Si based system using conventional, available technology (?sys = 1.5%), leading to 900 EUR kW?1el,peak, a further improved system with future technology (?sys = 5%), leading to 340 EUR kW?1el,peak and a GaSb based system (?sys = 12.3% with recuperator), leading to 1900 EUR kW?1el,peak. Thus, prices of electricity from 6 to 25 EURcents kWh?1el (including gas of about 3.5 EURcents kWh?1) were calculated and compared with those of fuel cells (31 EURcents kWh?1) and gas engines (23 EURcents kWh?1).

Günther Palfinger; Bernd Bitnar; Wilhelm Durisch; Jean-Claude Mayor; Detlev Grützmacher; Jens Gobrecht

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Cost Estimating, Analysis, and Standardization  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish policy and responsibilities for: (a) developing and reviewing project cost estimates; (b) preparing independent cost estimates and analysis; (c) standardizing cost estimating procedures; and (d) improving overall cost estimating and analytical techniques, cost data bases, cost and economic escalation models, and cost estimating systems. Cancels DOE O 5700.2B, dated 8-5-1983; DOE O 5700.8, dated 5-27-1981; and HQ 1130.1A, dated 12-30-1981. Canceled by DOE O 5700.2D, dated 6-12-1992

1984-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Estimation of bremsstrahlung photon energy in the environment of high-energy electron accelerator using CaSO4:Dy based TL dosemeter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Estimation of bremsstrahlung photon energy in the environment of high-energy electron accelerator using CaSO4...Mishra S. C. Quality control audit using TLDs for linear accelerators...Estimation of bremsstrahlung photon energy in the environment of high-energy......

A. K. Bakshi; M. K. Nayak; G. Haridas; S. Chatterjee; R. K. Kher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Doppler Effect removal based on instantaneous frequency estimation and time domain re-sampling for wayside acoustic defective bearing detector system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The phenomenon of Doppler Effect in the acoustic signal recorded by the wayside acoustic defective bearing detector (ADBD) leads to the difficulty for fault diagnosis of train bearings with a high moving speed, which is a barrier that would badly reduce the effectiveness of online defect detection. In order to improve the performance of condition monitoring of the bearings on a passing train with microphones amounted besides the railway, the elimination of the Doppler Effect should be solved firstly. An effective method for removing the Doppler Effect embedded in the source signal is presented in this paper. The Short Time Fourier Transform-Viterbi Algorithm (STFT-VA) is applied to obtain instantaneous frequency estimation of the distorted signal. According to the acoustic theory of Morse, the non-linear data fitting is then carried out to get the fitting instantaneous frequencies. The necessary parameters for time domain interpolation re-sampling, which is totally based on the kinematic analysis, are acquired from the fitting curve and the re-sampling sequence could be established in the time domain. As a result of the preceding steps, the fault diagnosis for the train bearings could be implemented with the restored signal. The effectiveness of this proposed method is verified by means of a simulation with three adjacent frequencies and an experiment with practical acoustic signals of train bearings with a crack on the outer race and the inner race. The results of the simulation and the experiment indicate that the proposed method has an excellent performance in removing Doppler Effect, and could be well employed to the condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of train bearings with a high moving speed.

Chao Wang; Fanrang Kong; Qingbo He; Fei Hu; Fang Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year 2005 Project Team Krysia Hudson, Faculty, School of Nursing, Undergraduate Instruction for Educational Resources Project Title Enhanced Web-based Learning Environments for Beginning Nursing Students (e.g., demonstrations of procedures or tasks) into the WBL systems, it will be possible to increase

Gray, Jeffrey J.

220

Estimation of the contribution of photon radiation for measurement of the exposure dose rate of neutron sources based on 252Cf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for the estimation of the contribution of photon radiation to the detector readings for measurement of the exposure dose rate and the equivalent activity of neutron ... screens and filters is considered....

N. F. Demchenko; R. N. Minvaliev; V. I. Shipilov…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

2008 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Title 2008 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-56380 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Sanchez, Marla C., Carrie A. Webber, Richard E. Brown, and Gregory K. Homan Date Published 11/2007 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ISBN Number LBNL-56380(2008) Keywords Enduse, Energy End-Use Forecasting, EUF Abstract ENERGY STAR is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR includes more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of energy, dollar, and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2007, what we expect in 2008, and provide savings forecasts for the periods 2008 to 2015 and 2008 to 2025. The forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic ENERGY STAR unit sales for each of the products.

222

Student ID Advisor 1st Year Fall __________ (year) 1st Year Spr. __________ (year) 1st Year Sum. __________ (year)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Name Major Student ID Advisor 1st Year Fall __________ (year) 1st Year Spr. __________ (year) 1st) Projected Graduation Date SUBJECT SUBJECT CR. HRS. SUBJECT COURSE # CR. HRS. Advisor Signature Date Student

Barrash, Warren

223

Challenges in estimating waste confinement costs  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a systems analysis framework for cost estimating and outlines the challenges likely to be confronted during the cost estimating and data base development process. 1 ref., 8 figs.

Rivera, A.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Real-time data processing and magnetic field pitch angle estimation of the JET motional Stark effect diagnostic based on Kalman filtering  

SciTech Connect

A novel technique for the real-time measurement of the magnetic field pitch angle in JET discharges using the motional Stark effect diagnostic is presented. Kalman filtering techniques are adopted to estimate the amplitude of the avalanche photodiode signals' harmonics that are relevant for the pitch angle calculation. The proposed technique {l_brace}for extended technical details of the generic algorithm see [R. Coelho and D. Alves, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 164 (2009)]{r_brace} is shown to be much more robust and provides less noisy estimates than an equivalent lock-in amplifier scheme, in particular when dealing with edge localized modes.

Coelho, R.; Alves, D. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear, Associacao Euratom/IST, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Hawkes, N.; Brix, M. [Euratom/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Collaboration: JET EFDA Contributors

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Satellite-based estimates of ground-level fine particulate matter during extreme events: A case study of the Moscow fires in 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adverse health effects. Large short-term increases in air pollution, or air pollution episodes, in the mid on August 7, 2010 in the Moscow region of the Russian Federation. We estimate that exposure to air pollution, but it is reasonable to assume that these extreme, short-lived excursions in ambient air pollution resulted in serious

Martin, Randall

226

Development and Delivery of Ecologically-based IPM Packages in Central Asia Central Asia Regional IPM Program Year 3 Work plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPM Program ­ Year 3 Work plans (October 1, 2011 ­ September 30, 2012) Project Management Dr. Karim and government institutions. 3. Build institutional capacity through education, training and human resource, and Uzbekistan). This work will include cultural practices, botanicals and biopesticides, biological control

227

Lower 48 States Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Lower 48 States Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 147 1980's 159 161 157 157 179 168 169 162 162 165 1990's 158 153 147 153 157 145 162 174 178 199 2000's 208 215 207 191 182 174 182 181 173 178 2010's 224 211 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Estimated Production Lower 48 States Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production Lease Condensate

228

Towards an interval-valued estimation of the density Bilal Nehme and Olivier Strauss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

belonging to the considered set. I. INTRODUCTION In the last ten years, there has been an increasing-valued pdf. This paper is organized as follows: section II introduces some necessary preliminary concepts. In section III we show how to built our interval-valued estimator based on a particular kernel. Section IV

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

Invited paper in the Proceedings of the United Engineering Foundation Conference on Risk-Based Decision-Making in Water Resources IX, "20-Year Retrospective and Prospective of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Invited paper in the Proceedings of the United Engineering Foundation Conference on Risk- Based with information from other sources, in the form of a business case [Bowles 2000b] for proceeding with dam safety

Bowles, David S.

230

Alkenone-based evidence of Holocene slopewater cooling in the northwest Atlantic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alkenone-based estimates of sea surface temperature (SST) in the northwest Atlantic during the last 10,000 years are presented and used to assess scenarios for Holocene climate variability. Alkenone concentration and ...

Kneeland, Jessie M. (Jessie Mary)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Estimation of Fuel Use by Idling Commercial Trucks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Estimation of Fuel Use Estimation of Fuel Use by Idling Commercial Trucks Estimation of Fuel Use by Idling Commercial Trucks TRB 85 th Annual Meeting Washington, DC January 22-26, 2006 Linda Gaines, Anant Vyas, and John L. Anderson 2 Trucks are classified into 8 classes Based on gross vehicle weight (GVW) - Includes empty vehicle plus cargo - Classes formulated >50 years ago Classes 1 and 2 include commercial and personal vehicles - Our analysis removes personal vehicles - Commercial uses include service and retail, construction, agriculture, manufacturing - Class 2 is divided into 2A and 2B (>8,500 lbs.) Single unit (SU) trucks cover classes 1-8 - Flatbed, pickup, dump, van dominate Combination (C) trucks are in classes 6-8 - About half have sleepers * Travel long distances * Driver often sleeps in truck

232

ARM - Lesson Plans: Estimating Local Sea Level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lesson Plans Lesson Plans: Estimating Local Sea Level Objective The objective is to train students' skills in observing the local environment based upon the sea level...

233

U.S. Uranium Reserves Estimates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The initial uranium property reserves estimates were based on bore hole radiometric data validated by chemical analysis of samples from cores and drill cuttings. The...

234

Characterization Of State Estimation Biases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The control and operation of an electric power system is based on the ability to determine the state of the system in real time. State estimation (SE) has been introduced in the 1960s to achieve this objective. The initial implementation was based on ...

A. P. Sakis Meliopoulos; George K. Stefopoulos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A Seven-Year Wind Profiler–Based Climatology of the Windward Barrier Jet along California’s Northern Sierra Nevada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This wind profiler–based study highlights key characteristics of the barrier jet along the windward slope of California’s Sierra Nevada. Between 2000 and 2007 roughly 10% of 100 000 hourly wind profiles, recorded at two sites, satisfied the ...

Paul J. Neiman; Ellen M. Sukovich; F. Martin Ralph; Mimi Hughes

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

From carbon to light: a new framework for estimating greenhouse gas emissions reductions from replacing fuel-based lighting with LED systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is considerable well-intended, yet wishful anticipation about reducing greenhouse gas emissions by replacing fuel-based lighting in the developing world with grid-independent light-emitting diode (LED) lighting

Evan Mills; Arne Jacobson

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Internal Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix F Internal Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout F-1 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population;TABLE OF CONTENTS Page F- Part I. Estimates of Dose...........................................................................................40 Comparison to dose estimates from global fallout

238

Parameter Estimation Through Ignorance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamical modelling lies at the heart of our understanding of physical systems. Its role in science is deeper than mere operational forecasting, in that it allows us to evaluate the adequacy of the mathematical structure of our models. Despite the importance of model parameters, there is no general method of parameter estimation outside linear systems. A new relatively simple method of parameter estimation for nonlinear systems is presented, based on variations in the accuracy of probability forecasts. It is illustrated on the Logistic Map, the Henon Map and the 12-D Lorenz96 flow, and its ability to outperform linear least squares in these systems is explored at various noise levels and sampling rates. As expected, it is more effective when the forecast error distributions are non-Gaussian. The new method selects parameter values by minimizing a proper, local skill score for continuous probability forecasts as a function of the parameter values. This new approach is easier to implement in practice than alternative nonlinear methods based on the geometry of attractors or the ability of the model to shadow the observations. New direct measures of inadequacy in the model, the "Implied Ignorance" and the information deficit are introduced.

Hailiang Du; Leonard A. Smith

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

239

Evaluation of prediction equations to estimate gross, digestible, and metabolizable energy content of maize dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) for swine based on chemical composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this study was to cross-validate prediction equations to estimate the concentration of GE, DE, and ME among sources of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) with variable chemical composition in growing pigs. Published concentrations (DM basis) of GE, CP, ether extract (EE), NDF, and total dietary fiber (TDF) along with particle size (PS, ?m), bulk density (BD, g/cm3) and in vivo determinations of DE and ME from 45 sources of DDGS samples were obtained from 5 published studies. Prediction equations for GE (5 equations), DE (20 equations), and ME (19 equations) from published studies were used to calculate the concentration of GE, DE, and ME among DDGS sources and compare with experimentally determined in vivo values. Each equation was evaluated using the entire data set, and data sets that excluded data from which the equation was developed (cross-validation). Equations were compared for their overall explanation of variance (R2), precision for reduction in prediction error (PE, kcal/kg DM), and accuracy in deviation of the predicted mean from the overall observed mean (bias, kcal/kg DM). Prediction of GE concentrations among DDGS sources was poor (PE  150) despite moderate explanation of overall variance (R2 < 0.6). Therefore, we tested DE and ME equations that included GE as an input using the actual analyzed GE concentration of samples. Under this condition, the most precise (PE = 144) and accurate (bias = 19) DE equation was DE = ?2,161 + (1.39 × GE) ? (20.7 × NDF) ? (49.3 × EE). The most precise (PE = 149) and accurate (bias = ?82) ME equation was ME = ?261 + (1.05 × GE) ? (7.89 × CP) + (2.47 × NDF) ? (4.99 × EE). Predicting GE with equation GE = 4,583 + (50.6 × EE) ? (0.1 × PS), and using this estimate in the equation of ME = ?261 + (1.05 × GE) ? (7.89 × CP) + (2.47 × NDF) ? (4.99 × EE), resulted in moderate precision (PE = 134) and accuracy (bias = 48). Cross-validation of equations that require PS, BD, or TDF as inputs was not possible because these inputs were only measured in 1 of the 5 published studies used in this evaluation.

P.E. Urriola; M. Li; B.J. Kerr; G.C. Shurson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

This paper presents a neural network based technique for the solution of a water system state estimation problem.The technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT This paper presents a neural network based technique for the solution of a water system applied to a realistic 34-node water network. By changing the values of neural network parameters both with respect to their sensitivity to measurement errors. INTRODUCTION Efficient control of a complex water

Bargiela, Andrzej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Strategies and Lessons-Learned for the Successful Alignment of Contract Cost with the Contract Budget Base (CBB) within the First Year of Contract Award - 13154  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide a sound basis and foundation for integrated Project and Contract change management, it is imperative to ensure the alignment of the Negotiated Contract Costs (NCC) with the Contract Budget Base (CBB), where CBB is defined as the Performance Measurement Baseline (PMB) plus Management Reserve (MR). The achievement of this alignment assures customer and contractor agreement on scope, requirements, quantities, schedule and cost, which facilitates the identification of change conditions and ultimate agreement on the value of changes to the NCC and the CBB. Delays in contract/CBB true up/reconciliation can negatively effect measurement of project progress, limiting owner understanding of liability, and may result in increased contract disagreements and potential claims. The Department of Energy Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (OR-EM) and URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) achieved alignment of the NCC with the CBB within 10 months of UCOR taking over work on the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) cleanup contract by: 1. Managing as a discrete project; 2. Establishing expectations and setting tone of interactions; 3. Using personnel experienced with Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR); 4. Partnering; 5. Establishing ombudsmen. (authors)

Mullis, Jay [Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management, U. S. Department of Energy, EM-90, Post Office Box 2001, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management, U. S. Department of Energy, EM-90, Post Office Box 2001, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Rueter, Ken [URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC, Post Office Box 4699, K-1225, MS-7294, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-7294 (United States)] [URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC, Post Office Box 4699, K-1225, MS-7294, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-7294 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Forecast of contracting and subcontracting opportunities. Fiscal year 1996  

SciTech Connect

This forecast of prime and subcontracting opportunities with the U.S. Department of Energy and its MAO contractors and environmental restoration and waste management contractors, is the Department`s best estimate of small, small disadvantaged and women-owned small business procurement opportunities for fiscal year 1996. The information contained in the forecast is published in accordance with Public Law 100-656. It is not an invitation for bids, a request for proposals, or a commitment by DOE to purchase products or services. Each procurement opportunity is based on the best information available at the time of publication and may be revised or cancelled.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

2007 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary 7 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Title 2007 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-56380 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Sanchez, Marla C., Carrie A. Webber, Richard E. Brown, and Gregory K. Homan Pagination 38 Date Published 03/2007 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ISBN Number LBNL-56380(2007) Keywords Enduse, Energy End-Use Forecasting, EUF Abstract ENERGY STAR® is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR labels exist for more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2006, what we expect in 2007, and provide savings forecasts for two market penetration scenarios for the periods 2007 to 2015 and 2007 to 2025. The target market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goals for each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumption of 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasers buy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiency products throughout the analysis period.

244

2005 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary 5 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Title 2005 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-56380 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Sanchez, Marla C., Carrie A. Webber, Richard E. Brown, and Gregory K. Homan Pagination 35 Date Published 03/2006 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ISBN Number LBNL-56380(2005) Keywords Enduse, Energy End-Use Forecasting, EUF Abstract ENERGY STAR is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Star labels exist for more than forty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2004, what we expect in 2005, and provide savings forecasts for two market penetration scenarios for the periods 2005 to 2010 and 2005 to 2020. The target market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goals for each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumption of 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasers buy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiency products throughout the analysis period.

245

2006 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary 6 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Title 2006 Status Report - Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-56380 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Sanchez, Marla C., Carrie A. Webber, Richard E. Brown, and Gregory K. Homan Pagination 38 Date Published March 2006 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ISBN Number LBNL-56380(2006) Keywords Enduse, Energy End-Use Forecasting, EUF Abstract ENERGY STAR® is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR labels exist for more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2005, what we expect in 2006, and provide savings forecasts for two market penetration scenarios for the periods 2006 to 2015 and 2006 to 2025. The target market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goals for each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumption of 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasers buy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiency products throughout the analysis period.

246

Historical estimates of external gamma exposure and collective external gamma exposure from testing at the Nevada Test Site. I. Test series through HARDTACK II, 1958  

SciTech Connect

In 1959, the Test Manager's Committee to Establish Fallout Doses calculated estimated external gamma exposure at populated locations based upon measurements of external gamma-exposure rate. Using these calculations and estimates of population, we have tabulated the collective estimated external gamma exposures for communities within established fallout patterns. The total collective estimated external gamma exposure is 85,000 person-R. The greatest collective exposures occurred in three general areas: Saint George, Utah; Ely, Nevada; and Las Vegas, Nevada. Three events, HARRY (May 19, 1953), BEE (March 22, 1955), and SMOKY (August 31, 1957), accounted for over half of the total collective estimated external gamma exposure. The bases of the calculational models for external gamma exposure of ''infinite exposure,'' ''estimated exposure,'' and ''one year effective biological exposure'' are explained. 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Anspaugh, L.R.; Church, B.W.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Eight-year Climatology of Dust Optical Depth on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have produced a multiannual climatology of airborne dust from Martian year 24 to 31 using multiple datasets of retrieved or estimated column optical depths. The datasets are based on observations of the Martian atmosphere from April 1999 to July 2013 made by different orbiting instruments: the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) aboard Mars Global Surveyor, the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) aboard Mars Odyssey, and the Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) aboard Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). The procedure we have adopted consists of gridding the available retrievals of column dust optical depth (CDOD) from TES and THEMIS nadir observations, as well as the estimates of this quantity from MCS limb observations. Our gridding method calculates averages and uncertainties on a regularly spaced, but possibly incomplete, spatio-temporal grid, using an iterative procedure weighted in space, time, and retrieval uncertainty. In order to evaluate strengths and weaknesses of the resulting gridded maps, we validat...

Montabone, L; Millour, E; Wilson, R J; Lewis, S R; Cantor, B A; Kass, D; Kleinboehl, A; Lemmon, M; Smith, M D; Wolff, M J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Cost Estimation Package  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This chapter focuses on the components (or elements) of the cost estimation package and their documentation.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4 ECHM 100 (CHBE 100) 2). There is a pre- requisite of M-273Q (MATH 224). CHMY-373 (CHEM 324) could be taken Spring of year 3. Also, CHMY Math Placement ExamB M-172-Q (MATH 182) 4 cr Chemical Engineering Prerequisite Flowchart Catalog: 2010

Lawrence, Rick L.

250

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4 CHBE 100 2 cr CHMY-141 324) could be taken Spring of year 3. Also, CHMY-371 (CHEM 323) may be substituted for CHMY-373 (CHEM Engineering Prerequisite Flowchart Catalog: 2008-2010 updated 2009 rev. 06/29/10, rwl ­ new course numbers E

Lawrence, Rick L.

251

First & Second Years Third Year (Junior) Forth Year (Senior) Fifth Year Fall Spring Fall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Social World Elective2 (3) Technical Elective5 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Curriculum for Spring SemesterFirst & Second Years Third Year (Junior) Forth Year (Senior) Fifth Year Fall1 Spring1 Fall Spring Fall For your Freshman and Sophomore years, students should follow

Mountziaris, T. J.

252

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......mixture of (107, 108). Oxides and are highly insoluble in simulated lung fluid. on...Between 0.1 and 0.2 % of the insoluble uranium compounds in the DU particle are assimilated...most 5.28 %. The human body's total inventory of U for unexposed individuals is 80-100......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the link between cancer and depleted uranium. (2009) Available...Environmental pollution by depleted uranium in Iraq with special...possible effects on cancer and birth defect...Al-Saad H. T. Depleted Uranium and incidence of cancer in Basrah: a......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the actual DU fraction is undetermined...a preferential release of the 234U with...gets one per DU fraction, namely 673.108...20 m3 and a mean airborne concentration of...the uncontrolled release of DU. Individuals...particles generated in fires or during the impact......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......military use, and health effects of depleted uranium. (1999) Available...Properties, use and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): a general overview...Waligorski M. P.R. Depleted uranium-a health, environmental or societal......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of atomic radiation to the general assembly. Annex B-exposures...depleted uranium (DU): a general overview. J. Environ. Radioact...org/info/Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/Uranium-Resources/Uranium-and-Depleted-Uranium...responses to chronically inhaled diesel exhaust and coal dust in rats......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......kinetic energy penetrators, armour plating for military vehicles and earth-penetrating weapons. In late 1979, a report...Uranium and incidence of cancer in Basrah: a preliminary ecological study. Med. J. Basrah Univ. (2009) 27(1):1-6......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Protano G. Trace element distribution and 235U...ammunition containing transuranic elements. In: Environmental...on www.nap.edu/catalog/12183.html . 30...compositions of the elements 1997. Pure Appl. Chem......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......4238-4242. 15 Ketterer M. E. , Hafer K. M., Link C. L., Royden C. S., Hartsock W. J. Anthropogenic 236Uat Rocky Flats, Ashtabula river harbor, and Mersey estuary: three case studies by sector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Impact of Airborne Effluents of Coal-Fired and Nuclear Power Plants...Agency (NEA), Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development...chronically inhaled diesel exhaust and coal dust in rats and cynomolgus...retention in the lungs of U.S. Coal Miners. Inhal. Toxicol......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Development of an ANN based system identification tool to estimate the performance-emission characteristics of a CRDI assisted CNG dual fuel diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present study the performance and emission parameters of a single cylinder four-stroke CRDI engine under CNG-diesel dual-fuel mode have been modeled by Artificial Neural Network. An ANN model was developed to predict BSFC, BTE, NOx, PM and HC based on the experimental data, with load, fuel injection pressure and CNG energy share as input parameters for the network. The developed ANN model was capable of predicting the performance and emission parameters with commendable accuracy as observed from correlation coefficients within the range of 0.99833–0.99999, mean absolute percentage error in the range of 0.045–1.66% along with noticeably low root mean square errors provided an acceptable index of the robustness of the predicted accuracy.

Sumit Roy; Rahul Banerjee; Ajoy Kumar Das; Probir Kumar Bose

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Check Estimates and Independent Costs  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Check estimates and independent cost estimates (ICEs) are tools that can be used to validate a cost estimate. Estimate validation entails an objective review of the estimate to ensure that estimate criteria and requirements have been met and well documented, defensible estimate has been developed. This chapter describes check estimates and their procedures and various types of independent cost estimates.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

263

Model Year 1999 Fuel Economy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FUEL FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE MODEL YEAR 1999 DOE/EE-0178 Fuel Economy Estimates October 1998 1 CONTENTS PAGE Purpose of the Guide ..................................................... 1 Interior Volume ................................................................ 1 How the Fuel Economy Estimates are Obtained ........... 1 Factors Affecting MPG .................................................... 2 Fuel Economy and Climate Change ............................... 2 Gas Guzzler Tax ............................................................. 2 Vehicle Classes Used in This Guide. .............................. 2 Annuel Fuel Costs .......................................................... 3 How to Use the Guide .................................................... 4 Where to Re-order Guides

264

Model-Based Estimation of Forest Canopy Height in Red and Austrian Pine Stands Using Shuttle Radar Topography Mission and Ancillary Data: a Proof-of-Concept Study  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, accurate tree stand height retrieval is demonstrated using C-band Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) height and ancillary data. The tree height retrieval algorithm is based on modeling uniform tree stands with a single layer of randomly oriented vegetation particles. For such scattering media, the scattering phase center height, as measured by SRTM, is a function of tree height, incidence angle, and the extinction coefficient of the medium. The extinction coefficient for uniform tree stands is calculated as a function of tree height and density using allometric equations and a fractal tree model. The accuracy of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated using SRTM and TOPSAR data for 15 red pine and Austrian pine stands (TOPSAR is an airborne interferometric synthetic aperture radar). The algorithm yields root-mean-square (rms) errors of 2.5-3.6 m, which is a substantial improvement over the 6.8-8.3-m rms errors from the raw SRTM minus National Elevation Dataset Heights.

Brown Jr., C G; Sarabandi, K; Pierce, L E

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

265

Property:EstimatedTime | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedTime EstimatedTime Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedTime Property Type Quantity Description An estimate of a particular chronological span, uses the Type:Epoch. Use this type to enumerate a length of time. The default unit is the year. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 8766 hours,hour,h,H,Hour,Hours,HOUR,HOURS 365.25 days,day,d,Day,Days,D,DAY,DAYS 52.17857 weeks,week,w,Week,Weeks,W,WEEK,WEEKS 12 months,month,m,Month,Months,M,MONTH,MONTHS 1 years,year,y,Year,Years,Y,YEAR,YEARS Subproperties This property has the following 35 subproperties: G GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.1 - NPDES Permit Application GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.12 - Were all EPA objections resolved GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.13 - NPDES Permit issued GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.3 - Is the application complete for the Regional Water Quality Control Board

266

Colorado Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

267

Foundation Year Aguideforinternationalstudents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foundation Year Aguideforinternationalstudents #12;2 Contents TheFoundationYears 5 Engineering/Physics/Geophysics FoundationYear 6 ScienceFoundationYear 7 EntryRequirements 8 Moneymatters 10 Universitylife 10 The-termcommitmentandabig investmentinyourfuture.OurFoundationYearsare designedtoprepareyouforundergraduatestudyandto

Molinari, Marc

268

Foundation Year Aguideforstudents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foundation Year Aguideforstudents #12;2 Contents TheFoundationYears 5 Engineering/Physics/Geophysics FoundationYear 6 ScienceFoundationYear 7 EntryRequirements 8 Moneymatters 10 Universitylife 10 TheUniversity 10 Thecity 10 Accommodation 10 Studentaccommodation MontefioreHouse4.. #12;3 OurFoundation

Anderson, Jim

269

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Children's Hospital of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 July General Pediatric Children's Hospital of Michigan High Risk Obstetrics Hutzel Women's Hospital Biochemical Genetics Lab/Metabolic Clinic Harper Hospital/ Children's Hospital of Michigan Reproductive Genetics Hutzel Women's Hospital August General Pediatric Children

Finley Jr., Russell L.

270

Faster parameter estimation using risk-sensitive lters Sanjeewa Athuraliyay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Faster parameter estimation using risk-sensitive lters Sanjeewa Athuraliyay , Jason Fordz and John propose a risk-sensitive approach to parameter estimation for hidden Markov models HMMs. The parameter the improvement in estimation simu- lation studies are presented that compare parameter estimation based on risk-sensitive

Moore, John Barratt

271

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 CORE W to meet BioE Engineering Elective Reqt. (c) ­ course used to meet ChE Techical Elective Reqt Revised 11

Lawrence, Rick L.

272

Survey of State-Level Cost and Benefit Estimates of Renewable Portfolio Standards  

SciTech Connect

Most renewable portfolio standards (RPS) have five or more years of implementation experience, enabling an assessment of their costs and benefits. Understanding RPS costs and benefits is essential for policymakers evaluating existing RPS policies, assessing the need for modifications, and considering new policies. This study provides an overview of methods used to estimate RPS compliance costs and benefits, based on available data and estimates issued by utilities and regulators. Over the 2010-2012 period, average incremental RPS compliance costs in the United States were equivalent to 0.8% of retail electricity rates, although substantial variation exists around this average, both from year-to-year and across states. The methods used by utilities and regulators to estimate incremental compliance costs vary considerably from state to state and a number of states are currently engaged in processes to refine and standardize their approaches to RPS cost calculation. The report finds that state assessments of RPS benefits have most commonly attempted to quantitatively assess avoided emissions and human health benefits, economic development impacts, and wholesale electricity price savings. Compared to the summary of RPS costs, the summary of RPS benefits is more limited, as relatively few states have undertaken detailed benefits estimates, and then only for a few types of potential policy impacts. In some cases, the same impacts may be captured in the assessment of incremental costs. For these reasons, and because methodologies and level of rigor vary widely, direct comparisons between the estimates of benefits and costs are challenging.

Heeter, J.; Barbose, G.; Bird, L.; Weaver, S.; Flores-Espino, F.; Kuskova-Burns, K.; Wiser, R.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Radiation Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary: Radiation Dose Estimates from Hanford Radioactive Material Releases to the Air- tantly, what radiation dose people may have received. An independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP, additionalProjectworkcouldresultin revisions of these dose estimates. April 21, 1994 Companion

274

State Energy Production Estimates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

State Energy Production Estimates 1960 Through 2012 2012 Summary Tables Table P1. Energy Production Estimates in Physical Units, 2012 Alabama 19,455 215,710 9,525 0 Alaska 2,052...

275

Types of Cost Estimates  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The chapter describes the estimates required on government-managed projects for both general construction and environmental management.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

276

Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia: Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia: 1880-1980 (1994) (NDP-046) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp046 data Data PDF PDF Contributors J. F. Richards and E. P. Flint Description This data base contains estimates of land use change and the carbon content of vegetation for South and Southeast Asia for the years 1880, 1920, 1950, 1970, and 1980. These data were originally collected for climate modelers so they could reduce the uncertainty associated with the magnitude and time course of historical land use change and of carbon release. For this data base, South and Southeast Asia is defined as encompassing nearly 8 × 106 km2 of the earth's land surface and includes the countries of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea (Cambodia),

277

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix G External Dose Estimates from Global Fallout G-1 #12;External Radiation Exposure-MQ-003539 March 15, 2000 G-2 #12;Abstract This report provides estimates of the external radiation-62. Estimates are given on a county by county basis for each month from 1953-1972. The average population dose

278

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix E External Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout E-1 #12;External Radiation Exposure. 1, 1999) E-2 #12;Abstract This report provides estimates of the external radiation exposure of this report to: "Prepare crude estimates of the doses from external irradiation received by the American

279

Tank waste remediation system multi-year work plan  

SciTech Connect

The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Multi-Year Work Plan (MYWP) documents the detailed total Program baseline and was constructed to guide Program execution. The TWRS MYWP is one of two elements that comprise the TWRS Program Management Plan. The TWRS MYWP fulfills the Hanford Site Management System requirement for a Multi-Year Program Plan and a Fiscal-Year Work Plan. The MYWP addresses program vision, mission, objectives, strategy, functions and requirements, risks, decisions, assumptions, constraints, structure, logic, schedule, resource requirements, and waste generation and disposition. Sections 1 through 6, Section 8, and the appendixes provide program-wide information. Section 7 includes a subsection for each of the nine program elements that comprise the TWRS Program. The foundation of any program baseline is base planning data (e.g., defendable product definition, logic, schedules, cost estimates, and bases of estimates). The TWRS Program continues to improve base data. As data improve, so will program element planning, integration between program elements, integration outside of the TWRS Program, and the overall quality of the TWRS MYWP. The MYWP establishes the TWRS baseline objectives to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford waste in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The TWRS Program will complete the baseline mission in 2040 and will incur costs totalling approximately 40 billion dollars. The summary strategy is to meet the above objectives by using a robust systems engineering effort, placing the highest possible priority on safety and environmental protection; encouraging {open_quotes}out sourcing{close_quotes} of the work to the extent practical; and managing significant but limited resources to move toward final disposition of tank wastes, while openly communicating with all interested stakeholders.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Density Estimation Trees in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Density Estimation Trees can play an important role in exploratory data analysis for multidimensional, multi-modal data models of large samples. I briefly discuss the algorithm, a self-optimization technique based on kernel density estimation, and some applications in High Energy Physics.

Anderlini, Lucio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cost Estimating Handbook for Environmental Restoration  

SciTech Connect

Environmental restoration (ER) projects have presented the DOE and cost estimators with a number of properties that are not comparable to the normal estimating climate within DOE. These properties include: An entirely new set of specialized expressions and terminology. A higher than normal exposure to cost and schedule risk, as compared to most other DOE projects, due to changing regulations, public involvement, resource shortages, and scope of work. A higher than normal percentage of indirect costs to the total estimated cost due primarily to record keeping, special training, liability, and indemnification. More than one estimate for a project, particularly in the assessment phase, in order to provide input into the evaluation of alternatives for the cleanup action. While some aspects of existing guidance for cost estimators will be applicable to environmental restoration projects, some components of the present guidelines will have to be modified to reflect the unique elements of these projects. The purpose of this Handbook is to assist cost estimators in the preparation of environmental restoration estimates for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) projects undertaken by DOE. The DOE has, in recent years, seen a significant increase in the number, size, and frequency of environmental restoration projects that must be costed by the various DOE offices. The coming years will show the EM program to be the largest non-weapons program undertaken by DOE. These projects create new and unique estimating requirements since historical cost and estimating precedents are meager at best. It is anticipated that this Handbook will enhance the quality of cost data within DOE in several ways by providing: The basis for accurate, consistent, and traceable baselines. Sound methodologies, guidelines, and estimating formats. Sources of cost data/databases and estimating tools and techniques available at DOE cost professionals.

NONE

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Nonlinear parameter estimation in parallel computing environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines issues related to the paralielization of PESTI a parameter estimation code which was originally developed by Dr. A. T. Watson. PEST is based on the trust region implementation of Levenberg-Marquardt nonlinear least square...

Li, Jie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Secretary Moniz's First Year  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Check out our new interactive timeline to recap top moments from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz's first year in office.

284

Secretary Moniz's First Year  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

We're looking back at some of the biggest moments from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz's first year in office.

285

Estimating Marginal Residential Energy Prices in the Analysis of Proposed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marginal Residential Energy Prices in the Analysis of Proposed Marginal Residential Energy Prices in the Analysis of Proposed Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards Title Estimating Marginal Residential Energy Prices in the Analysis of Proposed Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-44230 Year of Publication 2000 Authors Chaitkin, Stuart, James E. McMahon, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Robert D. Van Buskirk, and James D. Lutz Document Number LBNL-44230 Date Published March 1 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Use of marginal energy prices, instead of average energy prices, represents a theoretically valuable and challenging refinement to the usual life-cycle cost analysis conducted for proposed appliance energy efficiency standards. LBNL developed a method to estimate marginal residential energy prices using a regression analysis based on a nationally representative sample of actual consumer energy bills. Based on the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), national mean marginal electricity prices were estimated to be 2.5% less than average electricity prices in the summer and 10.0% less than average prices in the non-summer months. For natural gas, marginal prices were 4.4% less than average prices in the winter and 15.3% less than average prices in the non-winter months.

286

ONLINE TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL THROUGH GRADIENT ESTIMATION USING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infinitesimal Perturbation and Analysis (IPA) but the model we use to derive the #12;IPA estimates developed which is based on IPA (Cassandras et al., 2002). In this approach, we derive estimators

Panayiotou, Christos

287

Crop acreage estimators based on satellite imagery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to acknowledge Dr. E. E. Gbur and Dr. L. F. Guseman, Jr. for their willingness to serve on my committee. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1. INTRODUCTION. 2. NEED FOR A NEW DECISION PROCESS 2. 1 Description of the Multinomial Decision Process 2. 2 Maximum Likelihood... of S and K. That attempt requires that equations J z (x T(x /s)+x v(x /s) ij (Xl +X2) f ((X. +X. )/S) lj 2j lj 2j = X log(p ) + X log(P ) ? (X +X )log(P +P ), be solved for S and J Z ((T -X . ) V((T -X )/KS) ? T. 'P(T /Ks)+X III(X /Ks)) = X log...

Vidart, Stephane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

288

HSRL mass estimate based on CALIPSO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NASA B-200 King Air ARCTASISDAC Operations and Science Richard Ferrare, Chris Hostetler, John Hair, Anthony Cook, David Harper, Mike Obland, Ray Rogers, Sharon Burton, Matt Shupe,...

289

HSRL mass estimate based on CALIPSO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OBSERVATIONS FROM THE NASA LANGLEY AIRBORNE HIGH SPECTRAL RESOLUTION LIDAR AND PLANS FOR ACTIVE-PASSIVE AEROSOL-CLOUD RETRIEVALS Chris A. Hostetler, Richard A. Ferrare, John W....

290

Vision-based UAV pose estimation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The popularity of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles(UAVs) has increased dramatically in the past few decades. The main challenging task for UAVs operation is to find their… (more)

Mohajerani, Zahra

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Year 1 Year 2 Anne 3 Anne 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7Year 3 Year 4 INGENIEUR POLYTECHNICIENINGENIEUR POLYTECHNICIEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Biology / Chemistry / Computer Science / Economics / Energy / Mechanics and Environmental Sciences / Mathematics and Applied Mathematics / Physics / Science, Technology & Society / Software Systems / Innovation Duration: 2 years - Possibility to be directly admitted to Year 2 Master of ScienceMaster of Science #12

Cengarle, María Victoria

292

Allocation Year Rollover  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Allocation Year Rollover Allocation Year Rollover Allocation Year Rollover: 2013 to 2014 Note: Allocation Year 2013 (AY13) ends at 23:59:59 on Monday, January 13, 2014. AY14 runs from Tuesday, January 14, 2014 through Monday, January 12, 2015. Below are major changes that will go into effect with the beginning of AY14 on Tuesday, January 14, 2014. All times listed are PST. Scheduled System Downtimes There will be no service disruption during the allocation year rollover this year. Interactive and batch use will continue uninterrupted (except for "premium" jobs on Hopper; see below). Charging Across AY Boundary All batch jobs will continue running during the rollover. Time accrued before midnight will be charged to AY13 repos; time accrued after midnight will be charged to AY14 repos. Running batch jobs that are associated with

293

Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates Latest Update: November 25, 2008 This report consists of the following sections: Survey and Survey Processing - a description of the survey and an overview of the program Sampling - a description of the selection process used to identify companies in the survey Estimation - how the regional estimates are prepared from the collected data Computing the 5-year Averages, Maxima, Minima, and Year-Ago Values for the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report - the method used to prepare weekly data to compute the 5-year averages, maxima, minima, and year-ago values for the weekly report Derivation of the Weekly Historical Estimates Database - a description of the process used to generate the historical database for the

294

Letter report: Population estimates by age, sex and race for 10-county study area  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Does Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. To identify groups that may have received doses, population estimates containing age, race, and sex detail for ten counties in Washington and Oregon for the years 1940 to 1980 were prepared by the Demographics Laboratory under a subcontract with the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). A data base of population information was developed from census reports and published and unpublished collections from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and Center for Population Research. Three estimation methods were then explored: the cohort-component model, cohort interpolation, and age-group interpolation. The estimates generated through cohort and age-group interpolation are considered adequate for initial use in the HEDR Project. Results are presented in two forms: (1) county populations by sex and single year of age and (2) county populations by sex and race for age groupings. These results are made available to the HEDR Project for further refinement into population estimates by county census divisions.

Pittenger, D.B.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Introduction Estimation paramtrique (exemples)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Estimation paramétrique (exemples) FARMAN : Laboratoire SATIE Jean-Pierre Barbot J.P. Barbot Séminaires FARMAN (Traitement du Signal) - 1/36 #12;Introduction Estimation paramétrique (exemples de paramètres de synchronisation (VDSL 2) J.P. Barbot Séminaires FARMAN (Traitement du Signal) - 2

296

Internal Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix H Internal Dose Estimates from Global Fallout H-1 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population. 263-MQ-008090 September 30, 2000 H-2 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population of the Continental United Site Part I. Estimates of Dose Lynn R. Anspaugh Lynn R. Anspaugh, Consulting Salt Lake City, UT Report

297

Estimating Specialty Costs  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Specialty costs are those nonstandard, unusual costs that are not typically estimated. Costs for research and development (R&D) projects involving new technologies, costs associated with future regulations, and specialty equipment costs are examples of specialty costs. This chapter discusses those factors that are significant contributors to project specialty costs and methods of estimating costs for specialty projects.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

298

Property:EstimatedTimeHigh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedTimeHigh EstimatedTimeHigh Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedTimeHigh Property Type Quantity Description the high estimate of time required Use this type to enumerate a length of time. The default unit is the year. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 8766 hours,hour,h,H,Hour,Hours,HOUR,HOURS 365.25 days,day,d,Day,Days,D,DAY,DAYS 52.17857 weeks,week,w,Week,Weeks,W,WEEK,WEEKS 12 months,month,m,Month,Months,M,MONTH,MONTHS 1 years,year,y,Year,Years,Y,YEAR,YEARS Pages using the property "EstimatedTimeHigh" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + 3.422313e-4 years3 hours 0.125 days 0.0179 weeks 0.00411 months + A Acoustic Logs + 0.0881 years772.08 hours 32.17 days 4.596 weeks 1.057 months + Aerial Photography + 0.00548 years48 hours

299

New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,127 1,099 1,149 1980's 1,064 1,086 942 799 856 843 628 728 731 760 1990's 887 1,013 1,143 1,337 1,362 1,397 1,423 1,547 1,449 1,539 2000's 1,508 1,536 1,524 1,415 1,527 1,493 1,426 1,349 1,349 1,350 2010's 1,220 1,170 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Estimated Production

300

Property:EstimatedTimeLow | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedTimeLow EstimatedTimeLow Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedTimeLow Property Type Quantity Description the low estimate of time required Use this type to enumerate a length of time. The default unit is the year. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 8766 hours,hour,h,H,Hour,Hours,HOUR,HOURS 365.25 days,day,d,Day,Days,D,DAY,DAYS 52.17857 weeks,week,w,Week,Weeks,W,WEEK,WEEKS 12 months,month,m,Month,Months,M,MONTH,MONTHS 1 years,year,y,Year,Years,Y,YEAR,YEARS Pages using the property "EstimatedTimeLow" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + 1.711157e-4 years1.5 hours 0.0625 days 0.00893 weeks 0.00205 months + A Acoustic Logs + 0.023 years201.36 hours 8.39 days 1.199 weeks 0.276 months + Aerial Photography + 2.737851e-4 years2.4 hours

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2008 Year...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

8 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2008 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2008 Year-End...

302

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2009 Year...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2009 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2009 Year-End...

303

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2010 Year...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2010 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2010 Year-End...

304

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End...

305

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

306

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Energy Estimation Software with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Estimation Software with Carbon Footprint Calculation Energy Estimation Software with Carbon Footprint Calculation Energy Estimation Software with Carbon Footprint Calculation logo. Energy Estimation Software for Fan and Pumping Applications estimates energy savings achieved when using a variable frequency drive instead of conventional control methods for fan and pumping applications. The results can be viewed in graphical format and text format and the software has built-in functions to generate an energy estimation report especially designed for consultants. The energy estimator software is available in two editions: Single System Edition This edition allows users to estimate energy savings for a single fan or pump system and generate a multi-page report based on the estimated savings. Project Edition This edition allows users to estimate energy savings of a single fan or

307

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design goals for this project include low cost (less than $30 per paddle) and robustness. The projectProject Year 2001 Project Team Faculty: Allison Okamura, Mechanical Engineering, Whiting School Project Title Haptic Display of Dynamic Systems Audience 30 to 40 students per year, enrolled

Gray, Jeffrey J.

308

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-year section of the summer project will cost $1344.) This project will be measured by the CER surveys conductedProject Year 2005 Project Team Sean Greenberg, Faculty, Philosophy Department, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences; Kevin Clark, Student, Philosophy Department, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences Project

Gray, Jeffrey J.

309

Estimating the Burden of Neurocysticercosis in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

region (p< 0.05). The mean total number of DALYs lost due to NCC in Mexico was estimated to be 99,866 (95 percent CR: 43,187 –189,182), with a mean of 0.95 (95 percent CR: 0.4–1.8) DALYs lost per thousand persons per year....

Bhattarai, Rachana

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Transportation, Industry Topics: GHG inventory, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/chp/basic/calculator.html Country: United States UN Region: Northern America CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Screenshot References: http://www.epa.gov/chp/basic/calculator.html "This Emissions Estimator provides the amount of reduced emissions in terms of pounds of CO2, SO2, and NOX based on input from the User regarding the CHP technology being used. In turn the User will be provided with

311

Attribution and Apportionment - Preliminary Estimation Procedures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preliminary Estimation Procedures Preliminary Estimation Procedures FHWA completes several steps in the motor fuel analysis process prior to beginning the annual State-by-State analysis. These steps include an estimation of non-highway fuel uses, public fuel uses, and gasohol consumption. The estimation models are briefly described below. The models require data from several outside sources. One major dataset is the Census Bureau's Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS). This data set contains information on annual vehicle miles of travel, percent of off-road use, major use of the truck (agriculture, retail, etc.), engine type, and the State in which the truck is registered. VIUS does not, however, provide a fuel use breakdown between gasoline and gasohol, on-road versus off-road fuel economy, or a distribution of off-road travel by State. The VIUS is conducted every five years; the latest survey was in 1997.

312

Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Landscapting Water Use  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidelines for Estimating Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Landscaping Water Use July 2010 i Summary Executive Order 13514 requires Federal agencies to develop a baseline for industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water use in fiscal year 2010. Measuring actual water use through flow meters is the best method to develop this baseline. But there are instances where Federal sites do not meter these applications, so developing a baseline will be problematic. Therefore the intent of this document is to assist Federal agencies in the baseline development by providing a methodology to calculate unmetered sources of landscaping water use utilizing engineering estimates. The document lays-out step by step instructions to estimate landscaping water using two alternative

313

Standard errors of parameter estimates in the ETAS model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Standard errors of parameter estimates in the ETAS model Abstract Point process models of seismic catalogs and in short- term earthquake forecasting. The standard errors of parameter estimates of conventional standard error estimates based on the Hessian matrix of the log- likelihood function of the ETAS

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

314

EPA 402-R-93-076 ESTIMATING RADIOGENIC CANCER RISKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparing health risk estimates due to low level exposures of low-LET radiation based on models recently This document presents a revised methodology for EPA's estimation of cancer risks due to low-LET radiation, the risk models are applied to estimate organ-specific risks, per unit dose, for a stationary population

315

Property:EstimatedTimeMedian | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedTimeMedian EstimatedTimeMedian Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedTimeMedian Property Type Quantity Description the median estimate of time required Use this type to enumerate a length of time. The default unit is the year. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 8766 hours,hour,h,H,Hour,Hours,HOUR,HOURS 365.25 days,day,d,Day,Days,D,DAY,DAYS 52.17857 weeks,week,w,Week,Weeks,W,WEEK,WEEKS 12 months,month,m,Month,Months,M,MONTH,MONTHS 1 years,year,y,Year,Years,Y,YEAR,YEARS Pages using the property "EstimatedTimeMedian" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + 2.281542e-4 years2 hours 0.0833 days 0.0119 weeks 0.00274 months + A Acoustic Logs + 0.044 years385.92 hours 16.08 days 2.297 weeks 0.528 months +

316

Distributed Robust Power System State Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deregulation of energy markets, penetration of renewables, advanced metering capabilities, and the urge for situational awareness, all call for system-wide power system state estimation (PSSE). Implementing a centralized estimator though is practically infeasible due to the complexity scale of an interconnection, the communication bottleneck in real-time monitoring, regional disclosure policies, and reliability issues. In this context, distributed PSSE methods are treated here under a unified and systematic framework. A novel algorithm is developed based on the alternating direction method of multipliers. It leverages existing PSSE solvers, respects privacy policies, exhibits low communication load, and its convergence to the centralized estimates is guaranteed even in the absence of local observability. Beyond the conventional least-squares based PSSE, the decentralized framework accommodates a robust state estimator. By exploiting interesting links to the compressive sampling advances, the latter jointly es...

Kekatos, Vassilis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Estimating climatological variability of solar energy production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A method is presented for estimating the climatological variability of yearly and monthly photovoltaic power production per 1 kWp of installed power. This quantity is computed for a specified portfolio of sources on the basis of historical data. Its climatological variability is derived from a simulation of 33 years of power production with hourly time step. Underlying meteorological variables are taken from the MERRA reanalysis for the years 1979–2011. Since the MERRA reanalysis is not a traditional data source for photovoltaic power modelling, various comparisons to available and more frequently used data sources are included. The method of estimation has the advantage of wide applicability due to the global coverage of the meteorological data.

Pavel Juruš; Kryštof Eben; Jaroslav Resler; Pavel Kr?; Ivan Kasanický; Emil Pelikán; Marek Brabec; Ji?í Hošek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Cost Estimating Guide  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Guide provides uniform guidance and best practices that describe the methods and procedures that could be used in all programs and projects at DOE for preparing cost estimates. No cancellations.

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

319

: Helmholtz machine estimation .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Helmholtz machine density estimation . . : . . . (supervised learning) , (active learning) (query learning) [1, 3]. . (unsupervised learning), . , [5]. . Helmholtz machine , . Helmholtz machine : Helmholtz machine [2] . Helmholtz machine (generative network) (recognition network) . , , . Helmholtz machine (self

320

Previous Year Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awards Awards Previous Year Awards 2013 Allocation Awards This page lists the allocation awards for NERSC for the 2013 allocation year (Jan 8, 2013 through Jan 13, 2014). Read More » NERSC Initiative for Scientific Exploration (NISE) 2013 Awards NISE is a mechanism used for allocating the NERSC reserve (10% of the total allocation). In 2013 we made the second year of the two-year awards made in 2012, supplemented by projects selected by the NERSC director. Read More » Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program 2012/2013 Awards NERSC's new data-intensive science pilot program is aimed at helping scientists capture, analyze and store the increasing stream of scientific data coming out of experiments, simulations and instruments. Read More » 2012 Allocation Awards This page lists the allocation awards for NERSC for the 2012 allocation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year 2002 Project Team Faculty: Louise Pasternack, Chemistry Department, Krieger School, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences Project Title Introductory Chemistry Lab Demonstrations Audience an interactive virtual lab manual that will facilitate understanding of the procedures and techniques required

Gray, Jeffrey J.

322

Please cite this article in press as: M.M. Rogers, et al., HERO: A smart-phone application for location based emissions estimates, Sustain. Comput.: Inform. Syst. (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suscom.2014.09.001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a model that estimates air emission rates of user-selected pollutants based on real-time spatially, the generator's efficiency, and installed pollution controls. Just as the demand for electricity and the gen created that provides consumers with real-time information about local air emissions resulting from

Shi, Weisong

323

Oil reservoir properties estimation using neural networks  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the applicability as well as the accuracy of artificial neural networks for estimating specific parameters that describe reservoir properties based on seismic data. This approach relies on JPL`s adjoint operators general purpose neural network code to determine the best suited architecture. The authors believe that results presented in this work demonstrate that artificial neural networks produce surprisingly accurate estimates of the reservoir parameters.

Toomarian, N.B. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States); Barhen, J.; Glover, C.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research; Aminzadeh, F. [UNOCAL Corp., Sugarland, TX (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Estimating Power System Dynamic States Using Extended Kalman Filter  

SciTech Connect

Abstract—The state estimation tools which are currently deployed in power system control rooms are based on a steady state assumption. As a result, the suite of operational tools that rely on state estimation results as inputs do not have dynamic information available and their accuracy is compromised. This paper investigates the application of Extended Kalman Filtering techniques for estimating dynamic states in the state estimation process. The new formulated “dynamic state estimation” includes true system dynamics reflected in differential equations, not like previously proposed “dynamic state estimation” which only considers the time-variant snapshots based on steady state modeling. This new dynamic state estimation using Extended Kalman Filter has been successfully tested on a multi-machine system. Sensitivity studies with respect to noise levels, sampling rates, model errors, and parameter errors are presented as well to illustrate the robust performance of the developed dynamic state estimation process.

Huang, Zhenyu; Schneider, Kevin P.; Nieplocha, Jaroslaw; Zhou, Ning

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Hybrid Estimation of CMB Polarization Power Spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper generalises the hybrid power spectrum estimator developed in Efstathiou (2004a) to the estimation of polarization power spectra of the cosmic microwave background radiation. The hybrid power spectrum estimator is unbiased and we show that it is close to optimal at all multipoles, provided the pixel noise satisfies certain reasonable constraints. Furthermore, the hybrid estimator is computationally fast and can easily be incorporated in a Monte-Carlo chain for Planck-sized data sets. Simple formulae are given for the covariance matrices, including instrumental noise, and these are tested extensively against numerical simulations. We compare the behaviour of simple pseudo-Cell estimates with maximum likelihood estimates at low multipoles. For realistic sky cuts, maximum likelihood estimates reduce very significantly the mixing of E and B modes. To achieve limits on the scalar-tensor ratio of r<<0.1 from sky maps with realistic sky cuts, maximum likelihood methods, or pseudo-Cell estimators based on unambiguous E and B modes, will be essential.

G. Efstathiou

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

326

Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,691 1,667 1,592 1980's 1,526 1,700 1,636 1,544 1,778 1,686 1,658 1,813 1,896 1,983 1990's 2,058 1,983 1,895 1,770 1,721 1,562 1,580 1,555 1,544 1,308 2000's 1,473 1,481 1,518 1,554 1,563 1,587 1,601 1,659 1,775 1,790 2010's 1,703 1,697 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

327

3D pose estimation and segmentation using specular cues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a system for fast model-based segmentation and 3D pose estimation of specular objects using appearance based specular features. We use observed (a) specular reflection and (b) specular flow as cues, which are ...

Raskar, Ramesh

328

Estimate Impact of Strategies on Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

To estimate the GHG impact of a business travel reduction program, a Federal agency or program should quantify the number of trips that could be avoided each year. If an agency has a large proportion of international travel, the agency may estimate changes in domestic and international trips separately because the associated savings in miles can be very different.

329

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology Step 1 (Estimate total amount of weekly U.S. coal production) U.S. coal production for the current week is estimated using a ratio...

330

Maxey-Eakin Methods for Estimating Groundwater Recharge in the Fenner Watershed, Southeastern California  

SciTech Connect

Recent review comments by the US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division on the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry-Year Supply program Draft Environmental Planning Report were accompanied by an independent recharge estimate to the Fenner Basin based on a Maxey-Eakin method. The following report has analyzed WRD's recharge estimates and concludes that those results greatly underestimate annual recharge and lack credibility. Among the reasons outlined are (1) WRD's lack of geographic scale and context when analyzing precipitation-elevation data, (2) WRD's use of an uncalibrated Maxey-eakin model, and (3) WRD's lack of direct observational experience in the eastern Mojave-Fenner Basin region. This report presents a more exhaustive analysis of data, supported by direct field observations, and estimates recharge using a calibrated Maxey-Eakin model. This report concludes that the possible range in annual groundwater replenishment rates to the Fenner Basin are between 7864 acre-ft and 29,185 acre-ft. The lower limit is a worst-case-scenario. This range is consistent with original recharge estimates calculated and presented in the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry-Year Supply Program Draft Environmental Planning Report.

Davisson, M.L.; Rose, T.P.

2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Estimating Annual Precipitation in the Fenner Basin of the Eastern Mojave Desert, California  

SciTech Connect

Metropolitan Water District (MWD) of southern California and Cadiz Inc. investigated the feasibility of storing Colorado River water in groundwater aquifers of the eastern Mojave Desert as a future drought mitigation strategy. This culminated in the public release of the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry-Year Supply program Draft EIR, which included pilot percolation studies, groundwater modeling, and precipitation/runoff analysis in the Fenner groundwater basin, which overlies the proposed storage site. The project proposes to store and withdrawal Colorado River water over a 50-year period, but will not exceed the natural replenishment rates of the groundwater basin. Several independent analyses were conducted to estimate the rates of natural groundwater replenishment to the Fenner Groundwater Basin which was included in the Draft EIR. The US Geologic Survey, Water Resources Division (WRD) officially submitted comments during public review and concluded that the natural groundwater replenishment rates calculated for the Draft EIR were too high. In the WRD review, they provided a much lower recharge calculation based on a Maxey-Eakin estimation approach. This approach estimates annual precipitation over an entire basin as a function of elevation, followed by calibration against annual recharge rates. Previous attempts to create precipitation-elevation functions in western Nevada have been difficult and result in large uncertainty. In the WRD data analysis, the effect of geographic scale on the precipitation-elevation function was overlooked. This contributed to an erroneous Maxey-Eakin recharge estimate.

Davisson, M.L.; Rose, T.P.

2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Part cost estimation at early design phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although 70% of part cost is determined during the early design stage, designers rarely accurately estimate the costs of their designs. Based on extensive literature review, in-depth industrial survey and close collaboration with multiple manufacturers, forty factors were identified as governing part cost and ranked according to cost impact. Based on parameter ranking and availability at the early stages of design, a cost estimator for designers is proposed. As the design progresses and more parameters become available, a more accurate cost model is derived and proposed to manufacturers. Results are analyzed and compared to actual manufacturing costing demonstrating good fit.

Gila Molcho; Asher Cristal; Moshe Shpitalni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

REQUESTS FOR RETIREMENT ESTIMATE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REQUEST FOR RETIREMENT ANNUITY ESTIMATE REQUEST FOR RETIREMENT ANNUITY ESTIMATE Instructions: Please read and answer the following questions thoroughly to include checking all applicable boxes. Unanswered questions may delay processing. Print and Fax back your request form to 202.586.6395 or drop request to GM-169. The request will be assigned to your servicing retirement specialist. They will confirm receipt of your request. SECTION A Request Submitted _____________________ ______________________ ________________________ _____________________ Name (last, first, middle) Last four SSN Date of Birth ___________________________ _________________________ __________________________ Organization Office Telephone Number Fax Number

334

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operators, matrix indexing, vector computations, loops, functions, and plotting graphs, among others basic arithmetic operators, matrix indexing, and vector computations in MATLAB. After creatingProject Year 2011-2012 Project Title Online Tutorial for MATLAB Project Team Eileen Haase, Whiting

Gray, Jeffrey J.

335

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that incorporate video taped procedures for student preview. Solution This project will create videos for more to study the procedure and techniques before coming to class. Our previous fellowship project addressedProject Year 2009 Project Title Enhancing Biology Laboratory Preparation through Video

Gray, Jeffrey J.

336

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, there is no resource available to view the procedure before class. Solution The purpose of this project is to capture available to view the procedure before class. The purpose #12;of this project is to capture variousProject Year 2007 Project Team Kristina Obom, Faculty, Advanced Academic Programs, Krieger School

Gray, Jeffrey J.

337

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year 2002 Project Team Faculty: Michael McCloskey, Cognitive Science/Neuroscience, Krieger of Arts & Sciences Project Title Cognitive Neuropsychology Audience The initial audience to access. The current procedure calls for individual students or researchers to contact the faculty member

Gray, Jeffrey J.

338

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year 2011-2012 Project Title Using M-Health and GIS Technology in the Field to Improve into teams and having each team use a different m-health data collection tool (e.g., cellular phones, smart health patterns. The Tech Fellow, Jacqueline Ferguson, will assist in creating an m-health project

Gray, Jeffrey J.

339

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year 2002 Project Team Faculty: Gregory Hager, Computer Science, Whiting School of Engineering Fellow: Alan Chen, Biomedical Engineering, Whiting School of Engineering Project Title Robotics is complicated, time-consuming, and costly, making a robot for an introductory-level class is not practical

Gray, Jeffrey J.

340

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost of the project to labor only. The efficacy of the examples will be assessed through their useProject Year 2012-2013 Project Title Sight-Reading at the Piano Project Team Ken Johansen, Peabody) Faculty Statement The goal of this project is to create a bank of practice exercises that student pianists

Gray, Jeffrey J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year 2013-2014 Project Title German Online Placement Exam Project Team Deborah Mifflin to increased cost. As well, it lacked listening comprehension, writing and speaking components providing support, we will use Blackboard for this project. The creation will require numerous steps

Gray, Jeffrey J.

342

Project Year Spring 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Year Spring 2009 Project Title A Database of Film and Media History and Aesthetics Part 2 experience with colleagues, they were eager to participate in expanding the database to include clips or they simply don't have the time, or both. Solution: The development of a user-friendly database of clips would

Gray, Jeffrey J.

343

Estimating Air Chemical Emissions from Research Activities Using Stack Measurement Data  

SciTech Connect

Current methods of estimating air emissions from research and development (R&D) activities use a wide range of release fractions or emission factors with bases ranging from empirical to semi-empirical. Although considered conservative, the uncertainties and confidence levels of the existing methods have not been reported. Chemical emissions were estimated from sampling data taken from four research facilities over ten years. The approach was to use a Monte Carlo technique to create distributions of annual emission estimates for target compounds detected in source test samples. Distributions were created for each year and building sampled for compounds with sufficient detection frequency to qualify for the analysis. The results using the Monte Carlo technique without applying a filter to remove negative emission values showed almost all distributions spanning zero, and forty percent of the distributions having a negative mean. This indicates that emissions are so low as to be indistinguishable from building background. Application of a filter to allow only positive values in the distribution provided a more realistic value for emissions and increased the distribution mean by an average of sixteen percent. Release fractions were calculated by dividing the emission estimates by a building chemical inventory quantity. Two variations were used for this quantity: chemical usage, and chemical usage plus one-half standing inventory. Filters were applied so that only release fraction values from zero to one were included in the resulting distributions. Release fractions had a wide range among chemicals and among data sets for different buildings and/or years for a given chemical. Regressions of release fractions to molecular weight and vapor pressure showed weak correlations. Similarly, regressions of mean emissions to chemical usage, chemical inventory, molecular weight and vapor pressure also gave weak correlations. These results highlight the difficulties in estimating emissions from R&D facilities using chemical inventory data.

Ballinger, Marcel Y.; Duchsherer, Cheryl J.; Woodruff, Rodger K.; Larson, Timothy V.

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

A J-integral estimation method for C(T) specimens using the Common Format Equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new $$\\cal J$$ ...estimation scheme based on the Common Format Equation (CFE) is laid out for Compact Tension ( ... ...

U. Mühlich; J. R. Donoso; J. D. Landes

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Short Reversal of the Palaeomagnetic Field about 280 000 Years Ago at Long Valley, California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A reversal of the palaeomagnetic field is recorded in exposed lake sediments at Long Valley and Mono Basin in east-central California. ... reversal is estimated to be several thousand years long and 280 000 years...

Joseph C. Liddicoat; Roy A. Bailey

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Estimating SCR installation costs  

SciTech Connect

The EUCG surveyed 72 separate US installations of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems at coal-fired units totalling 41 GW of capacity to identify the systems' major cost drivers. The results, summarized in this article, provide excellent first-order estimates and guidance for utilities considering installing the downstream emissions-control technology. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Marano, M.; Sharp, G. [American Electric Power (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY.7 247.0 Exploration Technology Development 144.6 189.9 202.0 215.5 215.7 214.5 216.5 Notional SPACE TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW .............................. TECH- 2 SBIR AND STTR

348

A simple method to estimate interwell autocorrelation  

SciTech Connect

The estimation of autocorrelation in the lateral or interwell direction is important when performing reservoir characterization studies using stochastic modeling. This paper presents a new method to estimate the interwell autocorrelation based on parameters, such as the vertical range and the variance, that can be estimated with commonly available data. We used synthetic fields that were generated from stochastic simulations to provide data to construct the estimation charts. These charts relate the ratio of areal to vertical variance and the autocorrelation range (expressed variously) in two directions. Three different semivariogram models were considered: spherical, exponential and truncated fractal. The overall procedure is demonstrated using field data. We find that the approach gives the most self-consistent results when it is applied to previously identified facies. Moreover, the autocorrelation trends follow the depositional pattern of the reservoir, which gives confidence in the validity of the approach.

Pizarro, J.O.S.; Lake, L.W. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Through the years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Through the years Through the years Early 1960s Researchers at PNL (now called PNNL) developed the standards and devices for setting and measuring radiation doses received by nuclear industry work- ers. Tens of thousands of people, including children, have been mea- sured by whole-body counters since the 1960s to relate their physical content of radioactive materials to sources such as food and water. 1960s PNL formulated the first use of a digital computer for complete process control of a mass spectrometer. Mid-1960s PNL devised a computer code, called COBRA for COolant Boiling in Rod Arrays, which allowed for three-dimensional, multiphase hydrothermal modeling of reactor and other complex systems. 1967 PNL researchers continued the fundamental scientific and

350

Estimates of central Appalachian coal reserves by cost of production and sulfur content  

SciTech Connect

This study provides information on the quantity, quality, and production costs for all minable coal reserves in the major coal-producing counties of central Appalachia, a region that contains the large majority of low-sulfur and compliance coal reserves in the eastern US. Presently, the best source of detailed reserve information in the Appalachian region is the estimates produced by the mining and land holding companies that control the reserves. The authors have been able to obtain overall reserve estimates based on the detailed geological and engineering studies conducted by these companies. In areas where this information does not exist, the authors have relied on published estimates of reserves and modified these estimates based on known conditions on surrounding properties. This reserve information has been combined with data on coal quality and mining costs to produce cost curves for all minable coal reserves by sulfur content. Results to date indicate that most of the major coal-producing counties in central Appalachia will be able to increase production levels significantly on a sustainable basis for at least the next 20 years, without major real increases in coal prices.

Watkins, J.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Augmenting Satellite Precipitation Estimation with Lightning Information  

SciTech Connect

We have used lightning information to augment the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Imagery using an Artificial Neural Network - Cloud Classification System (PERSIANN-CCS). Co-located lightning data are used to segregate cloud patches, segmented from GOES-12 infrared data, into either electrified (EL) or non-electrified (NEL) patches. A set of features is extracted separately for the EL and NEL cloud patches. The features for the EL cloud patches include new features based on the lightning information. The cloud patches are classified and clustered using self-organizing maps (SOM). Then brightness temperature and rain rate (T-R) relationships are derived for the different clusters. Rain rates are estimated for the cloud patches based on their representative T-R relationship. The Equitable Threat Score (ETS) for daily precipitation estimates is improved by almost 12% for the winter season. In the summer, no significant improvements in ETS are noted.

Mahrooghy, Majid [Mississippi State University (MSU); Anantharaj, Valentine G [ORNL; Younan, Nicolas H. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Petersen, Walter A. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL; Hsu, Kuo-Lin [University of California, Irvine; Behrangi, Ali [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Aanstoos, James [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

40 Years of Discovery  

SciTech Connect

History is most interesting when seen through the eyes of those who lived it. In this 40th anniversary retrospective of bioscience research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we've asked 19 scientists to share their personal recollections about a major accomplishment in the program's history. We have not tried to create a comprehensive or seamless story. Rather, we've attempted to capture the perspectives of key individuals, each of whom worked on a research program that met significant milestones. We have focused particularly on programs and accomplishments that have shaped the current Biology and Biotechnology Research Program (BBRP). In addition, we have included a timeline of biosciences at LLNL, a history of the directorate that appeared in the Laboratory's magazine, ''Science & Technology Review'', in 2002, and a list of bioscience-related articles that have appeared over the years in ''Science & Technology Review and its predecessor, Energy & Technology Review''. The landscape of biological science today is stunningly different from 40 years ago. When LLNL bioscience began in 1963, we knew about the structure of DNA and that it was the carrier of genetic information. However, it would be another year before scientists would understand how DNA codes for the production of proteins and more than a decade before the earliest DNA sequence would be known. It is sometimes difficult to remember that it was only 15 years ago that the polymerase chain reaction, a synthetic method to amplify pieces of DNA was developed, and that only within the last half-dozen years has sequence data for entire organisms begun to be available. In this publication, we have tried to capture some of the landmark and seminal research history: radiation effects studies, which were a major reason for founding the biological research program, and flow sorting and chromosome painting, which dramatically changed our ability to study DNA damage and enabled the creation of chromosome-specific clone libraries, a key step toward sequencing the human genome. Several histories relate to the Human Genome Project itself and surrounding technologies, and several to long-standing research themes such as DNA repair, food mutagens, and reproductive biology. Others describe more recent developments such as computational biology, health-care technologies, and biodefense research.

Weinstein, B; Heller, A

2003-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

353

Wind Farms through the Years  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Data provided by the EIA. The number of homes powered is estimated through conversion factors provided by the EIA.

354

Use of Cost Estimating Relationships  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Cost Estimating Relationships (CERs) are an important tool in an estimator's kit, and in many cases, they are the only tool. Thus, it is important to understand their limitations and characteristics. This chapter discusses considerations of which the estimator must be aware so the Cost Estimating Relationships can be properly used.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

355

Reinforcing flood–risk estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...publication of the Flood estimation handbook, studies of ood risk are now...especially for its neglect of the physics of catchment pro- cesses of...recommended in the Flood estimation handbook (Institute of Hydrology 1999...estimates. The Flood estimation handbook (Institute of Hydrology 1999...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Progress in estimation of power plant emissions from satellite retrievals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

work... ­ Update the activity data to year 2012 ­ Modify to estimate SO2 emissions ­ Include big-fired power plants increased dramatically in recent years ­ Electricity generation and fuel consumption have, coal sulfur content, electricity generation, fuel consumption, and exact time when the unit came

Jacob, Daniel J.

357

This Letter presented projections of future sea-level rise based on simulations of the past 22,000 years of sea-level history using a simple, empirical model linking sea-level rise to global mean-temperature anomalies. One of the main conclusions of the L  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter presented projections of future sea-level rise based on simulations of the past 22,000 years of sea-level history using a simple, empirical model linking sea-level rise to global mean of sea-level rise during the twenty-first century that are reported in the Fourth Assessment Report

Siddall, Mark

358

Letter report: Population estimates by age, sex and race for 10-county study area. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Does Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. To identify groups that may have received doses, population estimates containing age, race, and sex detail for ten counties in Washington and Oregon for the years 1940 to 1980 were prepared by the Demographics Laboratory under a subcontract with the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). A data base of population information was developed from census reports and published and unpublished collections from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and Center for Population Research. Three estimation methods were then explored: the cohort-component model, cohort interpolation, and age-group interpolation. The estimates generated through cohort and age-group interpolation are considered adequate for initial use in the HEDR Project. Results are presented in two forms: (1) county populations by sex and single year of age and (2) county populations by sex and race for age groupings. These results are made available to the HEDR Project for further refinement into population estimates by county census divisions.

Pittenger, D.B.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

NPP Estimation for Grasslands  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NPP for Grasslands NPP for Grasslands Introduction The Oak Ridge DAAC Net Primary Production (NPP) Database includes field measurements from grassland study sites worldwide. The following brief review and discussion is intended to explain the complexity of NPP estimates derived from grassland measurements. There is no single answer to the question, "What is the productivity of the ecosystem at study site A?"; rather there may be range of estimates of NPP, depending upon what data were actually collected and how these data are processed. Although some of these methods for determining NPP for grasslands may be applicable to other vegetation types (e.g., semi-deserts, tundra, or some crops), methods for forests, in particular, are significantly different. Nevertheless, it should be possible to answer the question, "Is this modelled value of NPP reasonable for this ecosystem type at this location?"

360

Planning for Years to Come  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning for Years to Come Planning for Years to Come LANL's Governing Policy on the Environment August 1, 2013 Water sampling tour for the Association of Experiential Education...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Distribution System State Estimation  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

these include reactive power management, outage management, loss reduction, demand response, adaptable over-current protection, condition-based maintenance, distributed...

362

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip December 26, 2003 - January 3, 2004 By Saul Wilson #12;A New Years Trip 7 INTRODUCTION #12;A New Years Trip 8 rom December 26, 2003 to January 3, 2004 my dad and I

Wilson, W. Stephen

363

Assessment of retrospective dose estimation, with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), of six victims previously exposed to accidental ionizing radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study aims to evaluate the use of the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) translocation assay for retrospective dose estimation of acute accidental exposure to radiation in the past. Reciprocal translocation analysis by FISH with three whole-chromosome probes was performed on normal peripheral blood samples. Samples were irradiated with 0–5 Gy 60Co ?-rays in vitro, and dose–effect curves were established. FISH-based translocation analyses for six accident victims were then performed, and biological doses were estimated retrospectively by comparison with the dose–effect curves. Reconstructed doses by FISH were compared with estimated doses obtained by analysis of di-centrics performed soon after exposure, or with dose estimates from tooth-enamel electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) data obtained at the same time as the FISH analysis. Follow-up FISH analyses for an adolescent victim were performed. Results showed that dose–effect curves established in the present study follow a linear-quadratic model, regardless of the background translocation frequency. Estimated doses according to two dose–effect curves for all six victims were similar. FISH dose estimations of three adult victims exposed to accidental radiation less than a decade prior to analysis (3, 6, or 7 years ago) were consistent with those estimated with tooth-enamel EPR measurements or analyses of di-centrics. Estimated doses of two other adult victims exposed to radiation over a decade prior to analysis (16 or 33 years ago) were underestimated and two to three times lower than the values obtained from analysis of di-centrics or tooth-enamel EPR. Follow-up analyses of the adolescent victim showed that doses estimated by FISH analysis decrease rapidly over time. Therefore, the accuracy of dose estimates by FISH is acceptable only when analysis is performed less than 7 years after exposure. Measurements carried out more than a decade after exposure through FISH analysis resulted in underestimation of the biological doses compared with values obtained through analysis of di-centrics and tooth-enamel EPR.

Qing-Jie Liu; Xue Lu; Xiao-Tao Zhao; Jiang-Bin Feng; Yu-Min Lü; En-Hai Jiang; Shu-Lan Zhang; De-Qing Chen; Ting-Zhen Jia; Li Liang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Calendar Year 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Office of Inspector General 
1000 3 Office of Inspector General 
1000 Independence Avenue, SW 
 Washington, DC 20585 202-586-4128 en Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-03 http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-fs-14-03 Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-03

365

Derived Annual Estimates of Manufacturing Energy Consumption, 1974-1988  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Manufacturing > Derived Annual Estimates - Executive Summary Manufacturing > Derived Annual Estimates - Executive Summary Derived Annual Estimates of Manufacturing Energy Consumption, 1974-1988 Figure showing Derived Estimates Executive Summary This report presents a complete series of annual estimates of purchased energy used by the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy, for the years 1974 to 1988. These estimates interpolate over gaps in the actual data collections, by deriving estimates for the missing years 1982-84 and 1986-87. For the purposes of this report, "purchased" energy is energy brought from offsite for use at manufacturing establishments, whether the energy is purchased from an energy vendor or procured from some other source. The actual data on purchased energy comes from two sources, the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of the Census's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) and EIA's Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). The ASM provides annual estimates for the years 1974 to 1981. However, in 1982 (and subsequent years) the scope of the ASM energy data was reduced to collect only electricity consumption and expenditures and total expenditures for other purchased energy. In 1985, EIA initiated the triennial MECS collecting complete energy data. The series equivalent to the ASM is referred to in the MECS as "offsite-produced fuels." The completed annual series for 1974 to 1988 developed in this report links the ASM and MECS "offsite" series, estimating for the missing years. Estimates are provided for the manufacturing sector as a whole and at the two-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level for total energy consumption and for the consumption of individual fuels. There are no direct sources of data for the missing years (1982-1984 and 1986-1987). To derive consumption estimates, a comparison was made between the ASM, MECS, and other economic series to see whether there were any good predictors for the missing data. Various estimation schemes were analyzed to fill in the gaps in data after 1981 by trying to match known data for the 1974 to 1981 period.

366

Online Vehicle Detection For Estimating Traffic Status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a traffic congestion estimation system based on unsupervised on-line learning algorithm. The system does not rely on background extraction or motion detection. It extracts local features inside detection regions of variable size which are drawn on lanes in advance. The extracted features are then clustered into two classes using K-means and Gaussian Mixture Models(GMM). A Bayes classifier is used to detect vehicles according to the previous cluster information which keeps updated whenever system is running by on-line EM algorithm. Experimental result shows that our system can be adapted to various traffic scenes for estimating traffic status.

Lai, Ranch Y Q

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Comparison of thermal cooldown estimates in the Russkie Komarovtsy petrogeothermal reservoir  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of several models to estimate the rate of thermal cooldown in artificial circulation geothermal reservoirs was made for the Russkie Komarovtsy fracture-stimulated reservoir, which will be located near the town of Uzhgorod in the Zakarpate region of the Ukraine SSR. The economic viability of this moderate-temperature resource depends on sustained flow above the minimum abandonment temperature for a period sufficient to recover investment and operating costs. The rate of heat extraction for the required flowrate depends on the fracture distribution in the reservoir. Results of the SGP 1-D Heat Sweep model are compared to approximate analytical and numerical models developed at the Leningrad Mining Institute, based on a common set of initial conditions for the Russkie Komarovtsy reservoir. The comparison shows that all of the models yielded reasonably similar thermal decline estimates with a satisfactory lifetime of about 25 years to abandonment temperature.

Kruger, Paul; Dyadkin, Yuri; Gendler, Semon; Artemieva, Elena; Smirnova, Nina

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Activity Based Costing  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Activity Based Costing (ABC) is method for developing cost estimates in which the project is subdivided into discrete, quantifiable activities or a work unit. This chapter outlines the Activity Based Costing method and discusses applicable uses of ABC.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

369

A family based tailored counselling to increase non-exercise physical activity in adults with a sedentary job and physical activity in their young children: design and methods of a year-long randomized controlled trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Epidemiological evidence suggests that decrease in sedentary behaviour is beneficial for health. This family based randomized controlled trial examines whether face-to-face delivered counselling is effective i...

Taija Finni; Arja Sääkslahti; Arto Laukkanen; Arto Pesola…

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

MEASUREMENT OF THE HIGH GAMMA RADIATION DOSE USING THE MEMS BASED DOSIMETER AND RADIOLISYS EFFECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radiation dose. If we consider, that the average time of exploitation is estimated to be 40 years and veryMEASUREMENT OF THE HIGH GAMMA RADIATION DOSE USING THE MEMS BASED DOSIMETER AND RADIOLISYS EFFECT M of high and very high doses of ionizing radiation is crucial for the monitoring of the existing Nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

371

Futures pricing in electricity markets based on stable CARMA spot models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Futures pricing in electricity markets based on stable CARMA spot models Gernot M¨uller Vortrag im years, electricity markets throughout the world have undergone massive changes due to deregulations risk but also against price movements. Consequently, statistical modeling and estimation of electricity

Gerkmann, Ralf

372

Additional Resources for Estimating Building Energy and Cost Savings to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Additional Resources for Estimating Building Energy and Cost Additional Resources for Estimating Building Energy and Cost Savings to Reduce Greenhouse Gases Additional Resources for Estimating Building Energy and Cost Savings to Reduce Greenhouse Gases October 7, 2013 - 11:06am Addthis For evaluating greenhouse gas reduction strategies and estimating costs, the following information resources can help Federal agencies estimate energy and cost savings potential by building type. When deciding what resource to use for developing energy- and cost-savings estimates, a program should consider items detailed in Table 1. Table 1.Resources for Estimating Energy Savings Resource Items to consider Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Based on representative building models of commercial buildings. Guidance available for a limited number of building types using the most common technologies.

373

Variance estimation for radiation analysis and multi-sensor fusion.  

SciTech Connect

Variance estimates that are used in the analysis of radiation measurements must represent all of the measurement and computational uncertainties in order to obtain accurate parameter and uncertainty estimates. This report describes an approach for estimating components of the variance associated with both statistical and computational uncertainties. A multi-sensor fusion method is presented that renders parameter estimates for one-dimensional source models based on input from different types of sensors. Data obtained with multiple types of sensors improve the accuracy of the parameter estimates, and inconsistencies in measurements are also reflected in the uncertainties for the estimated parameter. Specific analysis examples are presented that incorporate a single gross neutron measurement with gamma-ray spectra that contain thousands of channels. The parameter estimation approach is tolerant of computational errors associated with detector response functions and source model approximations.

Mitchell, Dean James

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Battery Calendar Life Estimator Manual Modeling and Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The Battery Life Estimator (BLE) Manual has been prepared to assist developers in their efforts to estimate the calendar life of advanced batteries for automotive applications. Testing requirements and procedures are defined by the various manuals previously published under the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). The purpose of this manual is to describe and standardize a method for estimating calendar life based on statistical models and degradation data acquired from typical USABC battery testing.

Jon P. Christophersen; Ira Bloom; Ed Thomas; Vince Battaglia

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A Method to Estimate the Chronic Health Impact of Air Pollutants in U.S.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Method to Estimate the Chronic Health Impact of Air Pollutants in U.S. A Method to Estimate the Chronic Health Impact of Air Pollutants in U.S. Residences Title A Method to Estimate the Chronic Health Impact of Air Pollutants in U.S. Residences Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-5267E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Logue, Jennifer M., Phillip N. Price, Max H. Sherman, and Brett C. Singer Journal Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 120 Start Page 216 Pagination 216-222 Date Published 11/2011 Keywords air toxics, criteria pollutants, DALYs, exposure, impact assessment, indoor air pollutants, indoor air quality Abstract Background: Indoor air pollutants (IAPs) cause multiple health impacts. Prioritizing mitigation options that differentially impact individual pollutants and comparing IAPs to other environmental health hazards requires a common metric of harm. Objectives: The objective was to demonstrate a methodology to quantify and compare health impacts from IAPs. The methodology is needed to assess population health impacts of large-scale initiatives - including energy efficiency upgrades and ventilation standards - that affect indoor air quality (IAQ). Methods: Available disease incidence and disease impact models for specific pollutant-disease combinations were synthesized with data on measured concentrations to estimate the chronic heath impact, in Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), due to inhalation of a subset of IAPs in U.S. residences. Model results were compared to independent estimates of DALYs lost due to disease. Results: PM2.5, acrolein, and formaldehyde accounted for the vast majority of DALY losses caused by IAPs considered in this analysis, with impacts on par or greater than estimates for secondhand tobacco smoke and radon. Confidence intervals of DALYs lost derived from epidemiology-based response functions are tighter than those derived from toxicology-based, inter-species extrapolations. Statistics on disease incidence in the US indicate that the upper-bound confidence interval for aggregate IAP harm is implausibly high. Conclusions: The demonstrated approach may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that impact IAQ at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the IAPs assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1100 DALYs annually per 100,000 people.

376

The Foundation Year Monash University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Foundation Year Monash University Foundation Year Monash College has helped me to make my future better. By studying the Foundation Year, I am always learning something new and still having lots of fun. Thanks to the Foundation Year, I am preparing for a successful future. Vonny Leonardy, Monash

Albrecht, David

377

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Four Year Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Four Year Plan Fall 2009 Nuclear Engineering (67 hrs) CH Grade Perspectives (15;Nuclear Engineering Four Year Plan Starting Fall 2009 FALL Year 1 Credits WINTER Year 1 Credits SPRING I NE 452 3 Neutronic Analysis II NE 457 2 Nuclear Reactor Lab Western Culture (3): NE 467 4 Nucl

Tullos, Desiree

378

Residential Commercial Industrial Year  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Residential Commercial Industrial Year and State Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers 2000 Total ................... 4,996,179 59,252,728 3,182,469 5,010,817 8,142,240 220,251 2001 Total ................... 4,771,340 60,286,364 3,022,712 4,996,446 7,344,219 217,026 2002 Total ................... 4,888,816 61,107,254 3,144,169 5,064,384 7,507,180 205,915 2003 Total ................... R 5,079,351 R 61,871,450 R 3,179,493 R 5,152,177 R 7,150,396 R 205,514 2004 Total ................... 4,884,521 62,469,142 3,141,653 5,135,985 7,250,634 212,191 Alabama ...................... 43,842 806,175 26,418 65,040 169,135 2,800 Alaska.......................... 18,200 104,360 18,373 13,999 46,580 10 Arizona ........................

379

Component external leakage and rupture frequency estimates  

SciTech Connect

In order to perform detailed internal flooding risk analyses of nuclear power plants, external leakage and rupture frequencies are needed for various types of components - piping, valves, pumps, flanges, and others. However, there appears to be no up-to-date, comprehensive source for such frequency estimates. This report attempts to fill that void. Based on a comprehensive search of Licensee Event Reports (LERs) contained in Nuclear Power Experience (NPE), and estimates of component populations and exposure times, component external leakage and rupture frequencies were generated. The remainder of this report covers the specifies of the NPE search for external leakage and rupture events, analysis of the data, a comparison with frequency estimates from other sources, and a discussion of the results.

Eide, S.A.; Khericha, S.T.; Calley, M.B.; Johnson, D.A.; Marteeny, M.L.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Kalman Filter Constraint Switching for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Estimation, Quadratic Pro- gramming, Residuals, Gas Turbine Engines. 1 Introduction For linear dynamic to constrain the state estimates. The confidence measure is based on the agreement of measurement residuals with their theoretical values. If some measurement residuals are low, and those residuals are highly sensitive to a given

Simon, Dan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Distributed Predictive Control and Estimation for Systems with Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constraints and a stationary LQG (Linear Quadratic Gaussian) control law is presented based on the model control and estimation law is demonstrated through a numerical simulation of smart grid. KeywordsDistributed Predictive Control and Estimation for Systems with Information Structures Exemplified

382

Two Applications of Nonparametric Regression in Survey Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Nonparametric model-assisted estimator (b) Utah Forest Survey 4. Specific Inference for Survey Data (a (m) System asp aspect (deg) (GIS) slope slope (deg) hillshd hillshade (solar radiation) N = 67, 216 Moderate generic specific model-assisted model-based Small specific small domain estimation · "Number

383

A METHOD FOR ESTIMATING GAS PRESSURE IN 3013 CONTAINERS USING AN ISP DATABASE QUERY  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Integrated Surveillance Program (ISP) is responsible for the storage and surveillance of plutonium-bearing material. During storage, plutonium-bearing material has the potential to generate hydrogen gas from the radiolysis of adsorbed water. The generation of hydrogen gas is a safety concern, especially when a container is breached within a glove box during destructive evaluation. To address this issue, the DOE established a standard (DOE, 2004) that sets the criteria for the stabilization and packaging of material for up to 50 years. The DOE has now packaged most of its excess plutonium for long-term storage in compliance with this standard. As part of this process, it is desirable to know within reasonable certainty the total maximum pressure of hydrogen and other gases within the 3013 container if safety issues and compliance with the DOE standards are to be attained. The principal goal of this investigation is to document the method and query used to estimate total (i.e. hydrogen and other gases) gas pressure within a 3013 container based on the material properties and estimated moisture content contained in the ISP database. Initial attempts to estimate hydrogen gas pressure in 3013 containers was based on G-values (hydrogen gas generation per energy input) derived from small scale samples. These maximum G-values were used to calculate worst case pressures based on container material weight, assay, wattage, moisture content, container age, and container volume. This paper documents a revised hydrogen pressure calculation that incorporates new surveillance results and includes a component for gases other than hydrogen. The calculation is produced by executing a query of the ISP database. An example of manual mathematical computations from the pressure equation is compared and evaluated with results from the query. Based on the destructive evaluation of 17 containers, the estimated mean absolute pressure was significantly higher (P<.01) than the mean GEST pressure. There was no significant difference (P>.10) between the mean pressures from DR and the calculation. The mean predicted absolute pressure was consistently higher than GEST by an average difference of 57 kPa (8 psi). The mean difference between the estimated pressure and digital radiography was 11 kPa (2 psi). Based on the initial results of destructive evaluation, the pressure query was found to provide a reasonably conservative estimate of the total pressure in 3013 containers whose material contained minimal moisture content.

Friday, G; L. G. Peppers, L; D. K. Veirs, D

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Analysis of forest environmental measurements to estimate parameters of microclimate and air-pollution deposition-velocity models  

SciTech Connect

A method is described for estimating flux densities and deposition of gaseous pollutants for a period of a year or more, using data collected for a period of a few days. The estimates are based on models which characterize the transfer of gases from the atmosphere to the vegetation as a series of resistances and then use linear statistical submodels based on experimental data to relate the resistances to the surrounding environment. The models are shown to fit the experimental data reasonably well. Annual values calculated for a young loblolly pine plantation were: evaporation 63.2 cm, carbon dioxide exchange 31.5 t/ha, and sulfur dioxide exchange 120 gm/ha. 17 references.

Murphy, Jr, C E; Lorenz, R

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

386

Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

387

Estimation of annual energy output from a tidal barrage using two different methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, there have been growing international challenges relating to climate change and global warming, with a conflict developing between the need to create a low-carbon economy and rapid depleting reserves of fossil fuels. In addition to these challenges there continues to be the added complexity of a significant global increase in energy demand. Marine renewable energy from tidal barrages is carbon-free and has the potential to make a significant contribution to energy supplies now and in the future. Therefore, it is appropriate to evaluate the total energy that can be extracted from such barrages. In this study two different methods are proposed to estimate the total annual energy output from a barrage, including a theoretical estimation based on the principle associated with tidal hydrodynamics, and a numerical estimation based on the solutions obtained from a 2D hydrodynamic model. The proposed Severn Barrage in the UK was taken as a case study, and these two methods were applied to estimate the potential annual energy output from the barrage. The predicted results obtained using the two methods indicate that the magnitude of the annual energy output would range from 13 to 16 TWh, which is similar to the value of 15.6 TWh reported by the Department of Energy and Climate Change, in the UK. Further investigations show that the total annual energy output would increase by about 15% if a higher discharge coefficient were to be adopted for the sluice gates, or if the turbine performance were to be improved. However, the estimated annual energy output could exceed the value of 16 TWh if future technological advances in both sluice gate construction and turbine performance are included.

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin; Guangming Tan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Odometer Versus Self-Reported Estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The findings described here compare odometer readings with self-reported estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) to investigate to what extent self-reported VMT is a reliable surrogate for odometer-based VMT.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Thickness Estimation with Optical Coherence Tomography and Statistical Decision Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We implement a maximum-likelihood (ML) estimator to interpret Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) data, based on a Fourier-Domain OCT and a two-interface tear film model. We use the...

Huang, Jinxin; Clarkson, Eric; Kupinski, Matthew; Rolland, Jannick P

390

Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 Migration Year Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 1 #12;Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 NIDS NCCR North-South #12;Book Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 Publishers Nepal Institute of Development Studies (NIDS) G.P.O. Box: 7647, Kathmandu, Nepal Email: nids@mail.com.np Web: www.nids.org.np National Centre of Competence in Research

Richner, Heinz

391

Comparison of 50-year and 70-year internal-dose-conversion factors  

SciTech Connect

The 50-year inhalation and ingestion dose commitments associated with an acute intake (of a radionuclide) of 3.7 x 10/sup 4/ Bq (1 ..mu..Ci) in one day were compared with the corresponding dose commitments calculated for a 70-year integration period resulting from a chronic intake of the same amount at a rate of 101 Bq/d (0.00274 ..mu..Ci/d) for one year. These values, known as dose conversion factors, estimate the dose accumulated during a given period of time following a unit of intake of a radionuclide. It was demonstrated that the acute intake of 3.7 x 10/sup 4/ Bq in one day and the chronic intake of 101 Bq/d for one year (a total intake of 3.7 x 10/sup 4/ Bq) result in essentially the same dose commitment for a relatively long integration period. Therefore, the comparison of 50-year acute dose conversion factors and 70-year chronic dose conversion factors is essentially only a measure of the additional dose accumulated in the 50 to 70 year period. It was found that for radionuclides with atomic mass less than 200 the percent difference in the 70-year and 50-year dose conversion factors was essentially zero in most cases. Differences of approximately 5 to 50% were obtained for dose conversion factors for most alpha emitters with atomic masses of greater than 200. Comparisons were made on the basis of both organ dose equivalent and effective dose equivalent. The implications and significance of these results are discussed.

Ryan, M.T.; Dunning, D.E. Jr.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

On the Estimation of Lagrangian Diffusivity: Influence of Nonstationary Mean Flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eddy–mean flow decomposition is crucial to the estimation of Lagrangian diffusivity based on drifter data. Previous studies have shown that inhomogeneous mean flow induces shear dispersion that increases the estimated diffusivity with time. In the ...

Yu-Kun Qian; Shiqiu Peng; Chang-Xia Liang; Rick Lumpkin

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

New Results in Stability, Control, and Estimation of Fractional Order Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of control and estimation, even for systems where fractional order models do not arise “naturally”. This dissertation is aimed at further building of the base methodology with a focus on robust feedback control and state estimation. By setting...

Koh, Bong Su

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

394

Assessment of SCaMPR and NEXRAD Q2 Precipitation Estimates Using Oklahoma Mesonet Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although satellite precipitation estimates provide valuable information for weather and flood forecasts, infrared (IR) brightness temperature (BT)-based algorithms often produce large errors for precipitation detection and estimation during deep ...

Ronald Stenz; Xiquan Dong; Baike Xi; Robert J. Kuligowski

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Wind Farm Growth Through the Years | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Farm Growth Through the Years Wind Farm Growth Through the Years Wind Farm Growth Through the Years August 6, 2013 - 8:32am Addthis 1975 Start Slow Stop Year Wind Farms Homes Powered Added Current Year 815 Wind Farms Online. Enough to Power 15 M Homes Data provided by the EIA. The number of homes powered is estimated through conversion factors provided by the EIA. Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist As we publish the 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report, we are excited to break down some recent EIA data not included in the report that shows significant wind farm growth across the nation. 2012 was a big year for wind energy. In total, 143 wind farms either came on line or added capacity in 2012, bringing the total number to 815. This brought the country's total wind capacity to more than 60 GW, enough energy to power about 15

396

ATNI Mid-year Convention  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Mid-year Convention will be hosted by the Chehalis Tribe.

397

Actual and Estimated Energy Savings Comparison for Deep Energy Retrofits in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

Seven homes from the Pacific Northwest were selected to evaluate the differences between estimated and actual energy savings achieved from deep energy retrofits. The energy savings resulting from these retrofits were estimated, using energy modeling software, to save at least 30% on a whole-house basis. The modeled pre-retrofit energy use was trued against monthly utility bills. After the retrofits were completed, each of the homes was extensively monitored, with the exception of one home which was monitored pre-retrofit. This work is being conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program as part of the Building America Program. This work found many discrepancies between actual and estimated energy savings and identified the potential causes for the discrepancies. The differences between actual energy use and modeled energy use also suggest improvements to improve model accuracy. The difference between monthly whole-house actual and estimated energy savings ranged from 75% more energy saved than predicted by the model to 16% less energy saved for all the monitored homes. Similarly, the annual energy savings difference was between 36% and -14%, which was estimated based on existing monitored savings because an entire year of data is not available. Thus, on average, for all six monitored homes the actual energy use is consistently less than estimates, indicating home owners are saving more energy than estimated. The average estimated savings for the eight month monitoring period is 43%, compared to an estimated savings average of 31%. Though this average difference is only 12%, the range of inaccuracies found for specific end-uses is far greater and are the values used to directly estimate energy savings from specific retrofits. Specifically, the monthly post-retrofit energy use differences for specific end-uses (i.e., heating, cooling, hot water, appliances, etc.) ranged from 131% under-predicted to 77% over-predicted by the model with respect to monitored energy use. Many of the discrepancies were associated with occupant behavior which influences energy use, dramatically in some cases, actual versus modeled weather differences, modeling input limitations, and complex homes that are difficult to model. The discrepancy between actual and estimated energy use indicates a need for better modeling tools and assumptions. Despite the best efforts of researchers, the estimated energy savings are too inaccurate to determine reliable paybacks for retrofit projects. While the monitored data allows researchers to understand why these differences exist, it is not cost effective to monitor each home with the level of detail presented here. Therefore an appropriate balance between modeling and monitoring must be determined for more widespread application in retrofit programs and the home performance industry. Recommendations to address these deficiencies include: (1) improved tuning process for pre-retrofit energy use, which currently utilized broad-based monthly utility bills; (2) developing simple occupant-based energy models that better address the many different occupant types and their impact on energy use; (3) incorporating actual weather inputs to increase accuracy of the tuning process, which uses utility bills from specific time period; and (4) developing simple, cost-effective monitoring solutions for improved model tuning.

Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Giever, Elisabeth L.; Baechler, Michael C.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: btech.lbl.gov/tools/resem/resem.htm Cost: Free Language: English References: Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model[1] Logo: Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model RESEM, the Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model, is a PC-based tool designed to allow Department of Energy (DOE) Institutional Conservation Program (ICP) staff and participants to reliably determine the energy savings directly caused by ICP-supported retrofit measures implemented in a

399

The effect of missing data on wind resource estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investment in renewable energy sources requires reliable data. However, meteorological datasets are often plagued by missing data, which can bias energy resource estimates if the missingness is systematic. We address this issue by considering the influence of missing data due to icing of equipment during the winter on the wind resource estimation for a potential wind turbine site in Norway. Using a mean-reverting jump-diffusion (MRJD) process to model electricity prices, we also account for the impact on the expected revenue from a wind turbine constructed at the site. While missing data due to icing significantly bias the wind resource estimate downwards, their impact on revenue estimates is dampened because of volatile electricity spot prices. By contrast, with low-volatility electricity prices, the effect of missing data on revenue estimates is highly significant. The seasonality-based method we develop removes most of the bias in wind resource and revenue estimation caused by missing data.

Aidan Coville; Afzal Siddiqui; Klaus-Ole Vogstad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Updated 5/20/14 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updated 5/20/14 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34) Fall (15) Spring (18) Fall (17) Spring (16) Fall (18) Spring (16) Fall (16) Spring (13) CALC I (4) CALC III [4] SOLIDS (3) CALC membership recommended prerequisite corequisite Engineering-related summer job or internship recommended lab

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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401

Updated 3/21/13 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updated 3/21/13 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34) Fall (15) Spring (17) Fall (18) Spring (16) Fall (18) Spring (16) Fall (16) Spring (13) CALC I (4) CALC III [4] SOLIDS (3) CALC membership recommended prerequisite corequisite Engineering-related summer job or internship recommended lab

402

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_001b.htm06/07/2004 13:02:41 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Income 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_001d.htm06/07/2004 13:02:52 #12;5 Year

403

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_0029.htm06/07/2004 13:01:23 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Income 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_002d.htm06/07/2004 13:01:34 #12;5 Year

404

Argonne National Laboratory site environmental report for calendar year 2006.  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the status and the accomplishments of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory for calendar year 2006. The status of Argonne environmental protection activities with respect to compliance with the various laws and regulations is discussed, along with the progress of environmental corrective actions and restoration projects. To evaluate the effects of Argonne operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the Argonne site were analyzed and compared with applicable guidelines and standards. A variety of radionuclides were measured in air, surface water, on-site groundwater, and bottom sediment samples. In addition, chemical constituents in surface water, groundwater, and Argonne effluent water were analyzed. External penetrating radiation doses were measured, and the potential for radiation exposure to off-site population groups was estimated. Results are interpreted in terms of the origin of the radioactive and chemical substances (i.e., natural, fallout, Argonne, and other) and are compared with applicable environmental quality standards. A U.S. Department of Energy dose calculation methodology, based on International Commission on Radiological Protection recommendations and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CAP-88 Version 3 (Clean Air Act Assessment Package-1988) computer code, was used in preparing this report.

Golchert, N. W.; ESH /QA Oversight

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

405

Argonne National Laboratory site enviromental report for calendar year 2008.  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the status and the accomplishments of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory for calendar year 2008. The status of Argonne environmental protection activities with respect to compliance with the various laws and regulations is discussed, along with the progress of environmental corrective actions and restoration projects. To evaluate the effects of Argonne operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the Argonne site were analyzed and compared with applicable guidelines and standards. A variety of radionuclides were measured in air, surface water, on-site groundwater, and bottom sediment samples. In addition, chemical constituents in surface water, groundwater, and Argonne effluent water were analyzed. External penetrating radiation doses were measured, and the potential for radiation exposure to off-site population groups was estimated. Results are interpreted in terms of the origin of the radioactive and chemical substances (i.e., natural, fallout, Argonne, and other) and are compared with applicable environmental quality standards. A U.S. Department of Energy dose calculation methodology, based on International Commission on Radiological Protection recommendations and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CAP-88 Version 3 (Clean Air Act Assessment Package-1988) computer code, was used in preparing this report.

Golchert, N. W.; Davis, T. M.; Moos, L. P.

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

406

Argonne National Laboratory site environmental report for calendar year 2007.  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the status and the accomplishments of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory for calendar year 2007. The status of Argonne environmental protection activities with respect to compliance with the various laws and regulations is discussed, along with the progress of environmental corrective actions and restoration projects. To evaluate the effects of Argonne operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the Argonne site were analyzed and compared with applicable guidelines and standards. A variety of radionuclides were measured in air, surface water, on-site groundwater, and bottom sediment samples. In addition, chemical constituents in surface water, groundwater, and Argonne effluent water were analyzed. External penetrating radiation doses were measured, and the potential for radiation exposure to off-site population groups was estimated. Results are interpreted in terms of the origin of the radioactive and chemical substances (i.e., natural, fallout, Argonne, and other) and are compared with applicable environmental quality standards. A U.S. Department of Energy dose calculation methodology, based on International Commission on Radiological Protection recommendations and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CAP-88 Version 3 (Clean Air Act Assessment Package-1988) computer code, was used in preparing this report.

Golchert, N. W.; Davis, T. M.; Moos, L. P.; ESH /QA Oversight

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Argonne National Laboratory Site Environmental report for calendar year 2009.  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the status and the accomplishments of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory for calendar year 2009. The status of Argonne environmental protection activities with respect to compliance with the various laws and regulations is discussed, along with the progress of environmental corrective actions and restoration projects. To evaluate the effects of Argonne operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the Argonne site were analyzed and compared with applicable guidelines and standards. A variety of radionuclides were measured in air, surface water, on-site groundwater, and bottom sediment samples. In addition, chemical constituents in surface water, groundwater, and Argonne effluent water were analyzed. External penetrating radiation doses were measured, and the potential for radiation exposure to off-site population groups was estimated. Results are interpreted in terms of the origin of the radioactive and chemical substances (i.e., natural, Argonne, and other) and are compared with applicable environmental quality standards. A U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) dose calculation methodology, based on International Commission on Radiological Protection recommendations and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) CAP-88 Version 3 (Clean Air Act Assessment Package-1988) computer code, was used in preparing this report.

Golchert, N. W.; Davis, T. M.; Moos, L. P.

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

408

Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Landscaping Water Use  

SciTech Connect

The document lays-out step by step instructions to estimate landscaping water using two alternative approaches: evapotranspiration method and irrigation audit method. The evapotranspiration method option calculates the amount of water needed to maintain a healthy turf or landscaped area for a given location based on the amount of water transpired and evaporated from the plants. The evapotranspiration method offers a relatively easy “one-stop-shop” for Federal agencies to develop an initial estimate of annual landscape water use. The document presents annual irrigation factors for 36 cities across the U.S. that represents the gallons of irrigation required per square foot for distinct landscape types. By following the steps outlined in the document, the reader can choose a location that is a close match their location and landscape type to provide a rough estimate of annual irrigation needs without the need to research specific data on their site. The second option presented in the document is the irrigation audit method, which is the physical measurement of water applied to landscaped areas through irrigation equipment. Steps to perform an irrigation audit are outlined in the document, which follow the Recommended Audit Guidelines produced by the Irrigation Association.[5] An irrigation audit requires some knowledge on the specific procedures to accurately estimate how much water is being consumed by the irrigation equipment.

McMordie Stoughton, Kate

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

409

Examples of Cost Estimation Packages  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Estimates can be performed in a variety of ways. Some of these are for projects for an undefined scope, a conventional construction project, or where there is a level of effort required to complete the work. Examples of cost estimation packages for these types of projects are described in this appendix.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

410

5, 30473104, 2005 Estimates of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parametrisations, one relating convective preciptation (CP scheme) to lightning flash15 distributionsACPD 5, 3047­3104, 2005 Estimates of lightning NOx production K. F. Boersma et al. Title Page Discussions Estimates of lightning NOx production from GOME satellite observations K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

Energy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of accelerometry. An average smart phone contains an inertial sensor and today we hardly leave our home without itEnergy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1,2 , Simon Kozina1,2 , Bostjan://www.mps.si Abstract. The paper presents two prototypes for the estimation of hu- man energy expenditure during normal

LuÂ?trek, Mitja

412

Fiscal Year 2012 Congressional Budget  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Fiscal Year 2012 Congressional Budget of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

413

One Year Passport to Success  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Describes the framework for the Department's on-boarding program for a new employee from day one through their first year.

414

Fiscal Year 2011 Congressional Budget  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Fiscal Year 2011 Congressional Budget of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

415

Lasers: The First Fifty Years  

SciTech Connect

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the invention of the laser. The Optical Society of America is publishing this feature issue to celebrate this auspicious birthday.

Boyd, Robert W.; Athale, Ravindra; Onural, Levent; Seka, Wolf

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

F-Area Type IV Tank Liner Life Estimation  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is proceeding with closure of the Type IV waste tanks that are located in F-area. These tanks are underground concrete vaults and have been in service since the early 1960's. The interior of the concrete vault is lined with carbon steel plate. The time necessary for the carbon steel plate to disintegrate was estimated. These calculations assumed that the concrete structure was degraded and therefore the exterior of the liner is exposed to the soil conditions. Two corrosion mechanisms were examined: pitting and general corrosion. Data from soil corrosion studies performed by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) was utilized to estimate the corrosion rate of the carbon steel liner. The following conclusions were made: (1) Cecil Clay Loam in Atlanta, Georgia, a soil tested by the NBS, is representative of the SRS soil conditions near the F-Area Type IV tanks. (2) The time to tank wall disintegration due to general corrosion only was estimated to be 770 years after concrete vault failure. (3) The time to tank wall disintegration due to pitting corrosion was estimated to be 675 years after concrete vault failure. (4) The lower bound estimate for the time to tank wall disintegration is 675 years.

Wiersman, B. J.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Development of surface mine cost estimating equations  

SciTech Connect

Cost estimating equations were developed to determine capital and operating costs for five surface coal mine models in Central Appalachia, Northern Appalachia, Mid-West, Far-West, and Campbell County, Wyoming. Engineering equations were used to estimate equipment costs for the stripping function and for the coal loading and hauling function for the base case mine and for several mines with different annual production levels and/or different overburden removal requirements. Deferred costs were then determined through application of the base case depreciation schedules, and direct labor costs were easily established once the equipment quantities (and, hence, manpower requirements) were determined. The data points were then fit with appropriate functional forms, and these were then multiplied by appropriate adjustment factors so that the resulting equations yielded the model mine costs for initial and deferred capital and annual operating cost. (The validity of this scaling process is based on the assumption that total initial and deferred capital costs are proportional to the initial and deferred costs for the primary equipment types that were considered and that annual operating cost is proportional to the direct labor costs that were determined based on primary equipment quantities.) Initial capital costs ranged from $3,910,470 in Central Appalachia to $49,296,785; deferred capital costs ranged from $3,220,000 in Central Appalachia to $30,735,000 in Campbell County, Wyoming; and annual operating costs ranged from $2,924,148 in Central Appalachia to $32,708,591 in Campbell County, Wyoming. (DMC)

Not Available

1980-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

418

Yearly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2009, a new activity was launched under the International Energy Agency Wind Implementing Agreement (IEA Wind) for the small wind sector. The main focus of this activity, called Task 27, is to develop recommended practices for consumer labeling of existing commercial small wind turbines. Participants will also exchange information about the status of the small wind industry in the member countries. This report outlines the status of the small wind sector in 2009 in the countries participating in Task 27. (For more information about IEA Wind and the consumer label developed under Task 27, see www.ieawind.org.)

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 10 White Female (W F) 2 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

420

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 5 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 9 White Female 1 Workforce Diversity Office of the Administrator (NA-1) As of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 2 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 13 Hispanic Female 17 White Male 37 White Female 17 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Sandia Site Office As of...

422

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 6 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 18 White Male 40 White Female 25 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity As of March 24, 2012 PAY...

423

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(AAPI,F) 2 2 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 6 6 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 6 6 0.00% White Male (W,M) 53 50 -5.66% White Female (W,F) 19 13 -31.58% Change DIVERSITY...

424

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 39 Asian Male 4 Asian Female 5 Hispanic Male 20 Hispanic Female 50 White Male 57 White Female 84 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

425

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 43 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 4 Hispanic Male 21 Hispanic Female 47 White Male 61 White Female 92 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

426

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 4 White Female (W F) 5 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

427

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 25 Hispanic Male (H M) 202 Hispanic Female (H F) 177 White Male (W M) 1244 White Female (W F) 453 Total includes 2425 permanent and 21 temporary...

428

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 1 Hispanic Male (H, M) 5 Hispanic Female (H, F) 6 White Male (W, M) 75 White Female (W, F) 32 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER NNSA Production Office...

429

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 19 Asian Male 9 Asian Female 5 Hispanic Male 18 Hispanic Female 12 White Male 101 White Female 49 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Immediate Office of the Deputy...

430

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 5 Hispanic Female (H F) 3 White Male (W M) 30 White Female (W F) 3 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

431

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 3 Hispanic Male (H M) 15 Hispanic Female (H F) 33 White Male (W M) 44 White Female (W F) 68 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

432

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 0 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 12 12 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 12 11 -8.33% White Male (W,M) 34 34 0.00% White Female (W,F) 17 16 -5.88% Change DIVERSITY Change...

433

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 2 Hispanic Male (H M) 5 Hispanic Female (H F) 3 White Male (W M) 26 White Female (W F) 16 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Livermore Field...

434

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 1 Asian Male 9 Asian Female 2 Hispanic Male 75 Hispanic Female 21 White Male 400 White Female 19 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Assistant Deputy Administrator...

435

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

3 2 -33.33% Hispanic Male (H,M) 5 5 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 4 4 0.00% White Male (W,M) 29 26 -10.34% White Female (W,F) 19 16 -15.79% Change DIVERSITY...

436

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 1 Hispanic Male (H M) 4 Hispanic Female (H F) 7 White Male (W M) 13 White Female (W F) 11 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Office of General...

437

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(AAPI,F) 1 1 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 5 5 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 6 6 0.00% White Male (W,M) 85 71 -16.47% White Female (W,F) 33 30 -9.09% Change DIVERSITY...

438

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 1 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 4 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 29 White Female 3 Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Safety & Health...

439

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 2 Hispanic Male (H, M) 74 Hispanic Female (H, F) 22 White Male (W, M) 393 White Female (W, F) 19 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER...

440

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 4 Asian Male 22 Asian Female 4 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 4 White Male 30 White Female 19 Workforce Diversity Livermore Site Office As of March 24, 2012...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 7 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 23 Hispanic Female 24 White Male 36 White Female 35 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

442

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 0 Hispanic Male (H, M) 12 Hispanic Female (H, F) 11 White Male (W, M) 34 White Female (W, F) 16 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Sandia...

443

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Hispanic Male (H,M) 217 207 -4.61% Hispanic Female (H,F) 196 182 -7.14% White Male (W,M) 1318 1271 -3.57% White Female (W,F) 511 463 -9.39% Total includes...

444

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 158 Asian Male 79 Asian Female 29 Hispanic Male 220 Hispanic Female 202 White Male 1340 White Female 519 Workforce Diversity National Nuclear Security...

445

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 13 White Female (W F) 5 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Savannah River...

446

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 2 Hispanic Male (H M) 76 Hispanic Female (H F) 21 White Male (W M) 401 White Female (W F) 20 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Assistant Deputy...

447

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 1 Hispanic Male (H M) 3 Hispanic Female (H F) 5 White Male (W M) 43 White Female (W F) 10 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

448

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 12 Hispanic Female (H F) 12 White Male (W M) 34 White Female (W F) 16 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Sandia Field...

449

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 1 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 29 White Female 5 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

450

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 14 White Female 8 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Savannah River Site Office...

451

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 25 Hispanic Female (H F) 25 White Male (W M) 61 White Female (W F) 41 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

452

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 2 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 154 White Female (W F) 71 * Total numbers are combined. NA-30 total numbers...

453

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 2 Hispanic Female (H F) 6 White Male (W M) 10 White Female (W F) 3 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

454

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 0 Hispanic Male (H, M) 1 Hispanic Female (H, F) 0 White Male (W, M) 25 White Female (W, F) 6 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Kansas City Field Office...

455

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 7 Hispanic Male (H M) 7 Hispanic Female (H F) 10 White Male (W M) 82 White Female (W F) 60 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Deputy...

456

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 5 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator of...

457

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 2 Hispanic Male (H M) 12 Hispanic Female (H F) 7 White Male (W M) 66 White Female (W F) 22 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Deputy...

458

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 2 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 44 White Female 13 Workforce Diversity Pantex Site Office As of March 24, 2012...

459

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 8 White Female 3 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN...

460

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 2 Hispanic Male (H, M) 5 Hispanic Female (H, F) 4 White Male (W, M) 25 White Female (W, F) 17 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 2 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 76 75 -1.32% Hispanic Female (H,F) 22 21 -4.55% White Male (W,M) 389 400 2.83% White Female (W,F) 21 19 -9.52% Change DIVERSITY...

462

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 2 Hispanic Male (H, M) 6 Hispanic Female (H, F) 6 White Male (W, M) 51 White Female (W, F) 14 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Nevada...

463

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 11 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 3 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 50 White Female 11 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator...

464

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 6 Hispanic Female (H F) 14 White Male (W M) 39 White Female (W F) 21 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

465

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 4 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 3 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 52 White Female 20 Workforce Diversity Nevada Site Office As of March 24, 2012...

466

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 6 Hispanic Female 9 White Male 13 White Female 10 Workforce Diversity Office of General Counsel (NA-GC) As of...

467

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 6 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 18 White Male 40 White Female 28 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

468

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 0 Hispanic Male (H, M) 0 Hispanic Female (H, F) 0 White Male (W, M) 15 White Female (W, F) 7 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Savannah River Field...

469

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 8 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 76 White Female 22 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Deputy Administrator for Naval...

470

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 5 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 1 White Male 46 White Female 22 Workforce Diversity Y-12 Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY...

471

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 24 White Female (W F) 6 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Kansas City Field Office As...

472

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 4 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 28 White Female 6 Workforce Diversity Kansas City Site Office As of March 24,...

473

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 8 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 2 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 11 White Female 5 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

474

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 3 White Male (W M) 7 White Female (W F) 1 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER National...

475

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(AAPI,F) 0 0 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 1 1 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 0 0 0.00% White Male (W,M) 27 25 -7.41% White Female (W,F) 6 6 0.00% Change DIVERSITY Change...

476

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 4 Hispanic Male (H M) 3 Hispanic Female (H F) 6 White Male (W M) 26 White Female (W F) 18 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate Administrator for...

477

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 1 Hispanic Male (H M) 6 Hispanic Female (H F) 6 White Male (W M) 68 White Female (W F) 30 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER NNSA Production...

478

Venice data > year = 1931:1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:3,] year r1 1 1931 103 2 1932 78 3 1933 121 > attach(venice) ## > plot(year,r1) > lm(r1 ~ year) Call: lm(formula = r1 ~ year) #12;Coefficients: (Intercept) year -989.382 0.567 > lm(r1 ~ year - mean(year)) ## Error differ (found for 'mean(year)') ### > lm(r1 ~ I(year - mean(year))) Call: lm(formula = r1 ~ I(year - mean

Reid, Nancy

479

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_004b.htm06/07/2004 12:57:08 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_004c.htm06 http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_004d.htm06/07/2004 12:57:19 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5

480

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_008b.htm06/07/2004 12:51:21 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_008c.htm06 http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_008d.htm06/07/2004 12:51:31 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base year estimate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_010b.htm06/07/2004 10:57:23 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_010c.htm06 http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_010d.htm06/07/2004 12:40:15 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5

482

Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation June 24, 2012 - 1:17pm Addthis Adding insulation in the attic of an existing home often results in a favorable payback. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL PIX 19612. Adding insulation in the attic of an existing home often results in a favorable payback. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL PIX 19612. What does this mean for me? Even if you hire a contractor to do the work, adding insulation to your home will likely have an attractive payback. If you can gather the information and plug it into an equation, you can determine the payback of adding insulation to your home. Use the equation below to estimate the cost effectiveness of adding insulation in terms of the "years to payback" for savings in heating costs.

483

2003 status report savings estimates for the energy star(R)voluntary labeling program  

SciTech Connect

ENERGY STAR(R) is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR labels exist for more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR program activities, focused primarily on labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2002, what we expect in 2003, and provide savings forecasts for two market penetration scenarios for the period 2003 to 2020. The target market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goals for each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumption of 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasers buy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiency products throughout the analysis period.

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; McWhinney, Marla

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

484

2002 status report: Savings estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) voluntary labeling program  

SciTech Connect

ENERGY STAR [registered trademark] is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR labels exist for more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR program activities, focused primarily on labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2001, what we expect in 2002, and provide savings forecasts for two market penetration scenarios for the period 2002 to 2020. The target market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goals for each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumption of 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasers buy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiency products throughout the analysis period.

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; McWhinney, Marla; Koomey, Jonathan

2003-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

485

2004 status report: Savings estimates for the Energy Star(R)voluntarylabeling program  

SciTech Connect

ENERGY STAR(R) is a voluntary labeling program designed toidentify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices.Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and theU.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR labels exist for more thanthirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating andcooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics,and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subsetof ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of the energy,dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2003, whatwe expect in 2004, and provide savings forecasts for two marketpenetration scenarios for the periods 2004 to 2010 and 2004 to 2020. Thetarget market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of futureENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goalsfor each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumptionof 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasersbuy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiencyproducts throughout the analysis period.

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; McWhinney, Marla

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

486

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities & Reserves http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_0067.htm06/07/2004 13 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_006b.htm06/07/2004 13:04:46 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Assets 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Assets Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18

487

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities Income Breakdown Expenditure Breakdown http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18 Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_005b.htm06/07/2004 13:00:29 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_005c.htm06

488

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities & Reserves http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_0079.htm06/07/2004 13 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_007b.htm06/07/2004 13:05:59 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Assets 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Assets Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18

489

Mass Flow Estimation with Model Bias Correction for a Turbocharged Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass Flow Estimation with Model Bias Correction for a Turbocharged Diesel Engine Tomás Polóni. Based on an augmented observable Mean Value En- gine Model (MVEM) of a turbocharged Diesel engine in the intake duct. Keywords: Diesel engine, Mass flow estimation, Bias estimation, Kalman filtering, Mean value

Johansen, Tor Arne

490

Robust Model-Free Multiclass Probability Estimation Yichao WU, Hao Helen ZHANG, and Yufeng LIU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classical statistical approaches for multiclass probability estimation are typically based on regression classification; SVM. 1. INTRODUCTION Multiclass probability estimation is an important problem in statisticsRobust Model-Free Multiclass Probability Estimation Yichao WU, Hao Helen ZHANG, and Yufeng LIU

Liu, Yufeng

491

Deepwater Horizon: one year on  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... In April 2010, BP's Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico exploded and sank. With the pipe that had once ... there was "no actionable oil in the water or sediments of the deep water or offshore zones", it acknowledged that "quantitative estimates of remaining oil" were beyond its scope ...

Melissa Gaskill

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

492

Myths of the Year 2000  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......could be more severe. More complete lists may be found on the Internet, for example at http://www.compinfo.co.uk/y2k...incomplete information and optimistic estimates. Organizations are not good at delivering complex projects on time and within budget......

M. Thomas

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Reinforcing flood–risk estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...However, most ood-risk estimates support decisions...charac- ter. These are investment decisions, where the...current level of ood risk, making improvements...generated a national ood-risk map with a high political and societal impact...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Estimates of Savings Achievable from Irrigation Controller  

SciTech Connect

This paper performs a literature review and meta-analysis of water savings from several types of advanced irrigation controllers: rain sensors (RS), weather-based irrigation controllers (WBIC), and soil moisture sensors (SMS).The purpose of this work is to derive average water savings per controller type, based to the extent possible on all available data. After a preliminary data scrubbing, we utilized a series of analytical filters to develop our best estimate of average savings. We applied filters to remove data that might bias the sample such as data self-reported by manufacturers, data resulting from studies focusing on high-water users, or data presented in a non-comparable format such as based on total household water use instead of outdoor water use. Because the resulting number of studies was too small to be statistically significant when broken down by controller type, this paper represents a survey and synthesis of available data rather than a definitive statement regarding whether the estimated water savings are representative.

Williams, Alison; Fuchs, Heidi; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

495

Harvard Catalyst Pilot Grants Projects Funded for Year Three  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harvard Catalyst Pilot Grants Projects Funded for Year Three Experimental Approach to Genotype the Harvard Catalyst Program we aim to:1) Review, select and culturally adapt evidence-based modules from

Paulsson, Johan

496

UniversityofRegina Calendar Year: 1998/1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Communication One of: French 1500 - Intermediate Language I or French 2000 - Intermediate Language II German stresses the utility of a broad liberal arts base acquired during the minimum two years (60.0 credit hours

Seldin, Jonathan P.

497

Estimate steam-turbine losses to justify maintenance funds  

SciTech Connect

A procedure to estimate steam-turbine losses is described. The estimates are based on analytical calculations and field inspections of turbines with known performance deterioration resulting from their environment, not their construction. They are, therefore, applicable to many types of steam turbines. Common causes of deterioration are the following: solid particle erosion, deposits, increased clearances, and peening or damage from foreign material. Performance losses due to these factors are analyzed. An example of application is given.

Not Available

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Worm virulence estimation for the containment of local worm outbreak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A worm-infected host scanning globally may not cause any new infection in its underlying local network before it is detected and quarantined by a worm detector. To defend this type of scanning hosts, a number of worm scanner detection methods such as failed scan detection, honeypot, and dark port detection are proposed. However, for a stealthier worm limiting its scan inside an enterprise network, the chance of a successful local outbreak increases substantively due to the more limited scan space. To protect a local or enterprise network against a local outbreak, we need a coordinated and cost-conscious defense that entails an accurate estimate of worm virulence level. Unfortunately, many existing defense methods suffer from estimating the worm virulence level in a local or enterprise network. In this regard, we propose a maximum likelihood estimator to progressively estimate the size of susceptible host population in the local or enterprise network. From analysis and experimental evaluation, it is shown that the proposed estimator can report a reliable estimate of the size of susceptible population only after a few infections, sometimes only four, much faster than a similar method based on a Kalman filter. Also, based on maximum likelihood estimate, an appropriate containment threshold can be set to effectively stop the worm propagation while causing minimum service disruption to normal network users.

Y.-H. Choi; L. Li; P. Liu; G. Kesidis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

On the empirical statistics of parameter estimates in parametric modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOR ESTIMATING HIGHLY DAMPED SINUSOIDAL SIGNALS IN ADDTIVE NOISE Page 4. 1 Introduction 4. 2 Eigenvector Method 4. 3 Weighted Least Squares Estimation of Damped Sinusoids Based on. Noise-Reduced Data 4. 3. 1 Noise Reduction with SVD 4. 3. 2 Weighted Least... Squares Method 4. 3. 3 Experimental Results 55 59 63 63 65 68 V CONCLUSIONS AND POSSIBLE EXTENSIONS REFERENCES 72 VITA 77 LIST OF TABLES Table 2. 1 The sample biases of the parameter estimates using Burg lattice method, in model one...

Zhu, Yao

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Research Career of Michael Kasha Michael Kasha estimates that his 81st year is the most  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Gentlemen, keep working." Finally, a couple of months later, Eric Stiller and Jacob Finkelstein used a mild alkaline condensa- tion of their -alanine and lactone moieties, and the bioassay went over the top. Stiller

McQuade, D. Tyler