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1

An integrator based on motion and electrostatic charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L18RARY A 4 M COLLEGE OF TEXAS AN INTEORATOR BASED ON MOTION AND ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE A Thesis MOSTAFA CHAMRAN-SAVEHI Subnitted to the Oraduate School of the Agricultural and Meohanical College of Texas in partial fuliillnent... of the requirenents for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1959 Ma)or Subject 1 Electrical Engineering AN INTEGRATOR BASED ON MOTION AND ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE A Thesis MOSTAFA CHAMRAN-SAVEHI Approved as to styl ~ and content by: Chairnan of Connittee...

Chamran-Savehi, Mostafa

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

2

Highly charged ion based time of flight emission microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A highly charged ion based time-of-flight emission microscope has been designed, which improves the surface sensitivity of static SIMS measurements because of the higher ionization probability of highly charged ions. Slow, highly charged ions are produced in an electron beam ion trap and are directed to the sample surface. The sputtered secondary ions and electrons pass through a specially designed objective lens to a microchannel plate detector. This new instrument permits high surface sensitivity (10.sup.10 atoms/cm.sup.2), high spatial resolution (100 nm), and chemical structural information due to the high molecular ion yields. The high secondary ion yield permits coincidence counting, which can be used to enhance determination of chemical and topological structure and to correlate specific molecular species.

Barnes, Alan V. (Livermore, CA); Schenkel, Thomas (San Francisco, CA); Hamza, Alex V. (Livermore, CA); Schneider, Dieter H. (Livermore, CA); Doyle, Barney (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Ionic Asymmetry and Solvent Excluded Volume Effects on Spherical Electric Double Layers: A Density Functional Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we present a classical density functional theory for electrical double layers of spherical macroions that extends the capabilities of conventional approaches by accounting for electrostatic ion correlations, size asymmetry and excluded volume effects. The approach is based on a recent approximation introduced by Hansen-Goos and Roth for the hard sphere excess free energy of inhomogeneous fluids (J. Chem. Phys. 124, 154506). It accounts for the proper and efficient description of the effects of ionic asymmetry and solvent excluded volume, especially at high ion concentrations and size asymmetry ratios including those observed in experimental studies. Additionally, we utilize a leading functional Taylor expansion approximation of the ion density profiles. In addition, we use the Mean Spherical Approximation for multi-component charged hard sphere fluids to account for the electrostatic ion correlation effects. These approximations are implemented in our theoretical formulation into a suitable decomposition of the excess free energy which plays a key role in capturing the complex interplay between charge correlations and excluded volume effects. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in various scenarios to validate the proposed approach, obtaining a good compromise between accuracy and computational cost. We use the proposed computational approach to study the effects of ion size, ion size asymmetry and solvent excluded volume on the ion profiles, integrated charge, mean electrostatic potential, and ionic coordination number around spherical macroions in various electrolyte mixtures. Our results show that both solvent hard sphere diameter and density play a dominant role in the distribution of ions around spherical macroions, mainly for experimental water molarity and size values where the counterion distribution is characterized by a tight binding to the macroion, similar to that predicted by the Stern model.

Medasani, Bharat; Ovanesyan, Zaven; Thomas, Dennis G.; Sushko, Maria L.; Marucho, Marcelo

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

4

Countries Diesel Prices Excluding Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

excluding taxes) excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 3.56 3.46 3.55 3.80 3.63 3.57 3.40 01/06/14 3.70 3.49 3.62 3.82 3.63 3.55 3.43 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.42 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.39 12/16/13 3.63 3.50 3.71 3.85 3.71 3.56 3.38 12/9/13 3.83 3.53 3.77 3.86 3.72 3.57 3.39 12/2/13 3.70 3.46 3.75 3.80 3.67 3.53 3.40 11/25/13 3.60 3.38 3.74 3.75 3.61 3.48 3.36 11/18/13 3.74 3.36 3.67 3.70 3.55 3.45 3.33 11/11/13 3.57 3.34 3.57 3.66 3.51 3.42 3.34 11/4/13 3.60 3.36 3.65 3.69 3.58 3.43 3.37 10/28/13 3.60 3.48 3.71 3.84 3.67 3.53 3.38 10/21/13 3.64 3.50 3.75 3.84 3.70 3.54 3.40 10/14/13 3.70 3.45 3.74 3.82 3.70 3.51 3.40 10/7/13 3.63 3.46 3.75 3.83 3.70 3.52 3.41

5

CHARGE-BASED MOS CORRELATED DOUBLE SAMPLING COMPARATOR AND FOLDING CIRCUIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARGE-BASED MOS CORRELATED DOUBLE SAMPLING COMPARATOR AND FOLDING CIRCUIT Roman Genov and Gert 21218-2686 E-mail: roman,gert¡ @bach.ece.jhu.edu ABSTRACT A novel charge-based comparator and folding circuit are pre- sented. Correlated double sampling comparison is performed using a log-domain integrator

Cauwenberghs, Gert

6

Architecture and Preliminary Design of a Fuzzy Logic-Based Microbattery Charge Controller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Architecture and Preliminary Design of a Fuzzy Logic-Based Microbattery Charge Controller for an integrated micropower supply. This charge controller employs a fuzzy logic approach to controlling. In this paper, we will describe the architecture and preliminary design of a fuzzy logic-based microbattery

Singh, Pritpal

7

FUZZY LOGIC-BASED SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER FOR MICROBATTERIES Pritpal Singh and Jagadeesan Rajagopalan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUZZY LOGIC-BASED SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER FOR MICROBATTERIES Pritpal Singh and Jagadeesan of a micro- charge/discharge controller has not. In this paper we present a novel, fuzzy logic-based solar is adjusted by modulating the duty cycle of the buck converter's switching MOSFET using a fuzzy logic control

Singh, Pritpal

8

A solar rechargeable battery based on polymeric charge storage electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A solar rechargeable battery is constructed by use of a hybrid TiO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, PEDOT) photo-anode and a ClO4? doped polypyrrole counter electrode. Here, the dye-sensitized TiO2/PEDOT photo-anode serves for positive charge storage and a p-doped \\{PPy\\} counter electrode acts for electron storage in LiClO4 electrolyte. The proposed device demonstrates a rapid photo-charge at light illumination and a stable electrochemical discharge in the dark, realizing an in situ solar-to-electric conversion and storage.

P. Liu; H.X. Yang; X.P. Ai; G.R. Li; X.P. Gao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Secondary ion coincidence in highly charged ion based secondary ion mass spectroscopy for process characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coincidence counting in highly charged ion based secondary ion mass spectroscopy has been applied to the characterization of selective tungsten deposition via disilane reduction of tungsten hexafluoride on a patterned SiO{sub 2}/Si wafer. The high secondary ion yield and the secondary ion emission from a small area produced by highly charged ions make the coincidence technique very powerful.

Hamza, A.V.; Schenkel, T.; Barnes, A.V.; Schneider, D.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California, 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California, 94551 (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Stackelberg Game based Demand Response for At-Home Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Stackelberg Game based Demand Response for At-Home Electric Vehicle Charging Sung-Guk Yoon Member, which is called demand response. Under demand response, retailers determine their electricity prices cost solution and the result of the equal- charging scheme. Index Terms--demand response, electric

Bahk, Saewoong

11

Flywheel-Based Distributed Bus Signalling Strategy for the Public Fast Charging Station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to vehicle owners since the off-road time is similar as for refuelling at conventional public gas stations1 Flywheel-Based Distributed Bus Signalling Strategy for the Public Fast Charging Station Tomislav M. Guerrero, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Fast charging stations (FCS) are able to recharge plug

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

12

Flexible graphene-based lithium ion batteries with ultrafast charge and discharge rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flexible graphene-based lithium ion batteries with ultrafast charge and...and flexible lithium ion battery made from graphene foam, a three-dimensional...and flexible lithium ion battery made from graphene foam, a three-dimensional...

Na Li; Zongping Chen; Wencai Ren; Feng Li; Hui-Ming Cheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

Not Available

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Demonstration of Cathode Emittance Dominated High Bunch Charge Beams in a DC gun-based Photoinjector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of transverse emittance and longitudinal current profile measurements of high bunch charge (greater than or equal to 100 pC) beams produced in the DC gun-based Cornell Energy Recovery Linac Photoinjector. In particular, we show that the cathode thermal and core beam emittances dominate the final 95% and core emittance measured at 9-9.5 MeV. Additionally, we demonstrate excellent agreement between optimized 3D space charge simulations and measurement, and show that the quality of the transverse laser distribution limits the optimal simulated and measured emittances. These results, previously thought achievable only with RF guns, demonstrate that DC gun based photoinjectors are capable of delivering beams with sufficient single bunch charge and beam quality suitable for many current and next generation accelerator projects such as Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) and Free Electron Lasers (FELs).

Gulliford, Colwyn; Bazarov, Ivan; Dunham, Bruce; Cultrera, Luca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Genetic algorithm-based demand response scheme for electric vehicle charging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a design and evaluates the performance of a charging task scheduler for electric vehicles, aiming at reducing the peak load and improving the service ratio in charging stations. Based on a consumption profile and the real-time task model consisting of actuation time, operation length, and deadline, the proposed scheduler fills the time table, by which the power controller turns on or off the electric connection switch to the vehicle on each time slot boundary. Genetic evolutions yield better results by making the initial population include both heuristic-generated schedules for fast convergence and randomly generated schedules for diversity loss compensation. Our heuristic scheme sequentially fills the time slots having lowest load for different orders such as deadline and operation length. The performance measurement result obtained from a prototype implementation reveals that our scheme can reduce the peak load for the given charging task sets by up to 4.9%, compared with conventional schemes.

Junghoon Lee; Gyung-Leen Park

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Particle number fluctuations in nuclear collisions within excluded volume hadron gas model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The multiplicity fluctuations are studied in the van der Waals excluded volume hadron-resonance gas model. The calculations are done in the grand canonical ensemble within the Boltzmann statistics approximation. The scaled variances for positive, negative and all charged hadrons are calculated along the chemical freeze-out line of nucleus-nucleus collisions at different collision energies. The multiplicity fluctuations are found to be suppressed in the van der Waals gas. The numerical calculations are presented for two values of hard-core hadron radius, $r=0.3$ fm and 0.5 fm, as well as for the upper limit of the excluded volume suppression effects.

M. I. Gorenstein; M. Hauer; D. O. Nikolajenko

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

17

Lithium-Ion battery State of Charge estimation with a Kalman Filter based on a electrochemical model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium-Ion battery State of Charge estimation with a Kalman Filter based on a electrochemical state of charge (SOC). In this paper an averaged electrochemical Lithium-ion battery model suitable-Volmer current and the solid concentration at the interface with the electrolyte and (ii) the battery current

Stefanopoulou, Anna

18

Nucleosome positioning by genomic excluding-energy barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genomic excluding-energy barriers 10.1073...Vaillant Benjamin Audit Zofia Haftek-Terreau...Sequence motifs and free energies of selected natural and non-natural...174 . 14 Vaillant C Audit B Arneodo A ( 2007...excluding genomic energy barriers Pascale Milani...Vaillant, Benjamin Audit, Zofia Haftek-Terreau...

Pascale Milani; Guillaume Chevereau; Cédric Vaillant; Benjamin Audit; Zofia Haftek-Terreau; Monique Marilley; Philippe Bouvet; Françoise Argoul; Alain Arneodo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Polythiophene-based charge dissipation layer for electron beam lithography of zinc oxide and gallium nitride  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability of thin polythiophene layers to dissipate accumulated charge in the electron beam lithography (EBL) of wide bandgap semiconductors such as zinc oxide and gallium nitride is demonstrated. A quick and inexpensive processing method is demonstrated for EBL exposure of dense and high-resolution patterns in a hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) negative-tone resistdeposited on bulk ZnO samples and with GaN/AlN on sapphire substrates. For the former experimental results are given for three different cases: where no charge dissipation layer was used as well as cases where 40-nm-thick Al and 100-nm-thick conductive polymer layers were used on the top of the HSQ resist. For the latter material EBL exposure was investigated for pure HSQ and for HSQ with a thin conductive polymer layer on top. Based on the scanning electron microscope observations of the resulting photonic crystal(PhC) pattern conventional Al and the proposed polymer approach were compared. Good agreement between these results is reported while the new method considerably simplifies sample processing. Spin-coatable conducting polymer may be easily removed due to its solubility in water which makes it a perfect solution for the processing of amphoteric oxide samples i.e. zinc oxide. Gallium nitride processing also benefits from polymer dissipation layer usage due to extended exposure range and the avoidance of dense pattern overexposure in HSQ.

R. Dylewicz; S. Lis; R. M. De La Rue; F. Rahman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Charge transport mechanisms in Schottky diodes based on low-resistance CdTe:Mn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe:Mn crystals with a resistivity of {approx}1 {Omega} cm at 300 K and Schottky diodes based on them are investigated. The electrical conductivity of the material and its temperature variations are explained in terms of the statistics of electrons and holes in semiconductors with allowance for the compensation processes. The ionization energy and the degree of compensation of the donors responsible for the conductivity are determined. It is shown that, in the case of forward connection and low reverse biases, the currents in Au/CdTe:Mn Schottky diode are determined by generation-recombination processes in the space-charge region. At higher reverse biases (above 1.5-2 V) the excess current is caused by electron tunneling from the metal to the semiconductor, and at even higher voltages (>6-7 V) an additional increase in the reverse current due to avalanche processes is observed.

Kosyachenko, L. A., E-mail: lakos@chv.ukrpack.net; Yurtsenyuk, N. S.; Rarenko, I. M.; Sklyarchuk, V. M.; Sklyarchuk, O. F.; Zakharuk, Z. I.; Grushko, E. V. [Chernivtsi National University (Ukraine)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Experimental investigation of direct injection charge cooling in optical GDI engine using tracer-based PLIF technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Investigation of direct injection charge cooling effects is indispensable in design and development of new combustion systems for Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) engines. The charge cooling can be utilized to increase engine volumetric efficiency or compression ratio. It can be employed to suppress pre-ignition of highly boosted downsized engines or knocking combustion of naturally aspirated engines. The main purpose of this work was to develop an experimental setup for quantitative measurements of charge cooling during fuel injection process inside the combustion chamber of a GDI engine with optical access. For this purpose a tracer-based two-line Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) technique was implemented for the measurements. A specially designed Constant Volume Chamber (CVC) was utilized for quasi in situ calibration measurement so in-cylinder charge temperature measurements can be achieved independent of the photophysical model of dopant tracer. The thermometry technique was evaluated by measurements of average in-cylinder charge temperature during compression stroke for both motoring and firing cycles and comparing the results with temperature values calculated from in-cylinder pressure data assuming a polytropic compression. The PLIF technique was successfully utilized to quantify the extend of global temperature decrease as a result of direct injection charge cooling of two injection timings of 90 and 250 °CA ATDC and two injection quantities of 10 and 30 mg/cycle. Test results demonstrated the capability of the two-line PLIF thermometry technique in quantitative study of direct injection charge cooling effects.

Mohammadreza Anbari Attar; Mohammad Reza Herfatmanesh; Hua Zhao; Alasdair Cairns

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Electric Vehicle Preparedness Task 3: Detailed Assessment of Charging Infrastructure for Plug-in Electric Vehicles at Joint Base Lewis McChord  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an assessment of charging infrastructure required to support the suggested plug-in electric vehicle replacements at Joint Base Lewis McChord.

Steve Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Biocompatible wireless power transferring and charging based on ultrasonic resonance devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To increase application area of implantable devices for medical treatment including implantable cardiac defibrillator or deep brain stimulator the rechargeable battery module is highly requested. The previous Li-type battery has limited current sources so that the patient is forced to have surgery just for changing battery. Previous technologies such as magnetic resonance and induction coupling have limited applications because of its short transfer distance compared to device size and magnetic field intensity limitation for the safety of body exposure. As an alternative the biocompatible wireless power transferring and charging technology is proposed using ultrasonic resonance devices. For the high efficient power transferring optimal transfer frequency is calculated based on the acoustic radiation and damping effect. Then the optimal load resistance is selected for matching power condition in receiver. And transmitter is designed to match the optimal transfer frequency. The ultrasonic resonance transmitter and receiver are manufactured with the size of 20 mm diameter 6.0 mm height. The energy conversion efficiency from input electrical power of transmitter and output power of receiver is about 25.6% at 10 cm distance experimentally. The maximum transferring power is up to 15 mW. This result is quite high considered with the device size and the power transfer distance.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Sterically Crowded Anionic Polyelectrolytes with Tunable Charge Densities Based on Stilbene-Containing Copolymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anionic polyelectrolytes with various charge densities and a well-defined chain architecture have great industrial and fundamental importance. In this article, we describe the synthesis and characterization of new sterically crowded conformationally ...

Yi Li; Min Mao; Lindsay E. Matolyak; S. Richard Turner

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

25

Thermodynamical Consistency of Excluded Volume Hadron Gas Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The new excluded volume hadron gas model by Singh et al. [1-7] is critically discussed. We demonstrate that in this model the results obtained from relations between thermodynamical quantities disagree with the corresponding results obtained by statistical ensemble averaging. Thus, the model does not satisfy the requirements of thermodynamical consistency.

M. I. Gorenstein

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

26

Interatomic potentials for ionic systems with density functional accuracy based on charge densities obtained by a neural network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on an analysis of the short range chemical environment of each atom in a system, standard machine learning based approaches to the construction of interatomic potentials aim at determining directly the central quantity which is the total energy. This prevents for instance an accurate description of the energetics of systems where long range charge transfer is important as well as of ionized systems. We propose therefore not to target directly with machine learning methods the total energy but an intermediate physical quantity namely the charge density, which then in turn allows to determine the total energy. By allowing the electronic charge to distribute itself in an optimal way over the system, we can describe not only neutral but also ionized systems with unprecedented accuracy. We demonstrate the power of our approach for both neutral and ionized NaCl clusters where charge redistribution plays a decisive role for the energetics. We are able to obtain chemical accuracy, i.e. errors of less than a mil...

Ghasemi, S Alireza; Saha, Santanu; Goedecker, Stefan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Sewerage service charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Charges? 1945 Municipal Year Book. ? ? ? ? ? . . 30 III* Summary of Texas Cities Having Sewerage Charges and Bases Used for Such Charges, 1945................... ? ? ? ? 31 IV. Summary of Texas Cities Charging Flat Rates and Average Monthly Charges...-liquidating. An increased density of population tends to increase the pollution of the natural streams* The use of these streams by cities as a means of sewage disposal has been tolerated because the dilution has been great enough to prevent nuisances below the point...

Wright, Samuel Robert

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

28

Luminescent systems based on the isolation of conjugated PI systems and edge charge compensation with polar molecules on a charged nanostructured surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photoluminescent or electroluminescent system and method of making a non-luminescent nanostructured material into such a luminescent system is presented. The method of preparing the luminescent system, generally, comprises the steps of modifying the surface of a nanostructured material to create isolated regions to act as luminescent centers and to create a charge imbalance on the surface; applying more than one polar molecule to the charged surface of the nanostructured material; and orienting the polar molecules to compensate for the charge imbalance on the surface of the nanostructured material. The compensation of the surface charge imbalance by the polar molecules allows the isolated regions to exhibit luminescence.

Ivanov, Ilia N.; Puretzky, Alexander A.; Zhao, Bin; Geohegan, David B.; Styers-Barnett, David J.; Hu, Hui

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEPA » National NEPA » National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions Categorical Exclusions (CX) - Categorical exclusions are categories of actions that DOE has determined, by regulation, do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment and for which neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is typically required. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 1021, National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures, Appendices A and B to Subpart D, list DOE's categorical exclusions. Appendix A classes of actions are those actions considered to be general agency actions, such as awarding a contract or hiring personnel. Appendix B classes of actions

30

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group, Inc. Place: Miami Beach, Florida Product: Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge equipment. References: Car Charging Group, Inc.1 This...

31

Integrated All-silicon Thin-film Power Electronics on Flexible Sheets For Ubiquitous Wireless Charging Stations based on Solar-energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into wireless charging stations. In this work, we combine the thin-film circuits with flexible solar cellsIntegrated All-silicon Thin-film Power Electronics on Flexible Sheets For Ubiquitous Wireless Charging Stations based on Solar-energy Harvesting Liechao Huang, Warren Rieutort-Louis, Yingzhe Hu, Josue

32

A photodiode-based neutral particle bolometer for characterizing charge-exchanged fast-ion behavior  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A neutral particle bolometer (NPB) has been designed and implemented on Tri Alpha Energy's C-2 device in order to spatially and temporally resolve the charge-exchange losses of fast-ion populations originating from neutral beam injection into field-reversed configuration plasmas. This instrument employs a silicon photodiode as the detection device with an integrated tungsten filter coating to reduce sensitivity to light radiation. Here we discuss the technical aspects and calibration of the NPB, and report typical NPB measurement results of wall recycling effects on fast-ion losses.

Clary, R.; Smirnov, A.; Dettrick, S.; Knapp, K.; Korepanov, S.; Ruskov, E. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States); Heidbrink, W. W.; Zhu, Y. [University of California-Irvine, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

"ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" "Sourcekey","WCESTP11","WCESTP11","WCESTP21","WCESTP21","WCESTP31","WCESTP31","WCESTP41","WCESTP41","WCESTP51","WCESTP51","WCESTUS1","WCESTUS1" "Date","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)"

34

Green’s function based space-charge field solver for electron source simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theoretical formulation for calculating the electromagnetic space-charge fields within a simplified electron source geometry using time-dependent Green’s function methods. The source geometry is assumed to be comprised of a flat cathode along with a pipe of arbitrary but uniform cross section. Under the assumption that the beam currents are parallel to the pipe axis, we derive exact solutions for the electromagnetic potentials in the Lorentz gauge. In addition, for the special case of a pipe with rectangular cross section, we present the exact solutions of the electromagnetic potentials for arbitrary beam currents. Finally, we show the results of an analytical benchmark study in which the electromagnetic fields that are solved using the Green’s function method are in excellent agreement (<1% error) with the benchmark fields.

Mark Hess; Chong Shik Park; Daniel Bolton

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

35

Method and apparatus for measuring the state of charge in a battery based on volume of battery components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The state of charge of electrochemical batteries of different kinds is determined by measuring the incremental change in the total volume of the reactive masses in the battery. The invention is based on the principle that all electrochemical batteries, either primary or secondary (rechargeable), produce electricity through a chemical reaction with at least one electrode, and the chemical reactions produce certain changes in the composition and density of the electrode. The reactive masses of the electrodes, the electrolyte, and any separator or spacers are usually contained inside a battery casing of a certain volume. As the battery is used, or recharged, the specific volume of at least one of the electrode masses will change and, since the masses of the materials do not change considerably, the total volume occupied by at least one of the electrodes will change. These volume changes may be measured in many different ways and related to the state of charge in the battery. In one embodiment, the volume change can be measured by monitoring the small changes in one of the principal dimensions of the battery casing as it expands or shrinks to accommodate the combined volumes of its components.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced cancer excluding Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced cancer excluding Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Social...

37

Charged Condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Bose-Einstein condensation of massive electrically charged scalars in a uniform background of charged fermions. We focus on the case when the scalar condensate screens the background charge, while the net charge of the system resides on its boundary surface. A distinctive signature of this substance is that the photon acquires a Lorentz-violating mass in the bulk of the condensate. Due to this mass, the transverse and longitudinal gauge modes propagate with different group velocities. We give qualitative arguments that at high enough densities and low temperatures a charged system of electrons and helium-4 nuclei, if held together by laboratory devices or by force of gravity, can form such a substance. We briefly discuss possible manifestations of the charged condensate in compact astrophysical objects.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

38

Magnetic charge and the charge quantization condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two viewpoints concerning magnetic charge are distinguished: that of Dirac, which is unsymmetrical, and the symmetrical one, which embodies invariance under charge rotation. It is pointed out that the latter is not in conflict with the empirical asymmetry between electric and magnetic charge. The discussion is based on an action principle that uses field strengths and the vector potential A as independent variables; a second vector potential B is defined nonlocally in terms of the field strengths. This nonlocality is described by an arbitrary vector function f?(y), subject only to the restriction ??f?(y)=?(y) and the additional requirement of oddness, in the symmetrical formulation. The charge quantization conditions for a pair of idealized charges, a and b, are inferred by examining the dependence of the action W on the choice of the arbitrary mathematical function f, and requiring the uniqueness of exp [iW]. For the unsymmetrical viewpoint the half-integer condition of Dirac is obtained, eagb4?=12n, while the symmetrical formulation requires the integer condition (eagb-ebga)4?=n. The Dirac injunction, "a string must never pass through a charged particle," is criticized as unnecessarily restrictive, owing to its origin in a classical action context. As simplified by a restriction to small momentum transfers, permitting the neglect of form-factor and vacuum-polarization effects, the dynamics of a realistic system of two spin- ½ dyons is shown to involve the same interaction structure used in the idealized discussion.

Julian Schwinger

1975-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery. 35 figs.

Rouhani, S.Z.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

40

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Contribution of Partial Charge Interactions and Base Stacking to the Efficiency of Primer Extension at and beyond Abasic Sites in DNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During DNA synthesis, base stacking and Watson-Crick (WC) hydrogen bonding increase the stability of nascent base pairs when they are in a ternary complex. To evaluate the contribution of base stacking to the incorporation efficiency of dNTPs when a DNA polymerase encounters an abasic site, we varied the penultimate base pairs (PBs) adjacent to the abasic site using all 16 possible combinations. We then determined pre-steady-state kinetic parameters with an RB69 DNA polymerase variant and solved nine structures of the corresponding ternary complexes. The efficiency of incorporation for incoming dNTPs opposite an abasic site varied between 2- and 210-fold depending on the identity of the PB. We propose that the A rule can be extended to encompass the fact that DNA polymerase can bypass dA/abasic sites more efficiently than other dN/abasic sites. Crystal structures of the ternary complexes show that the surface of the incoming base was stacked against the PB's interface and that the kinetic parameters for dNMP incorporation were consistent with specific features of base stacking, such as surface area and partial charge-charge interactions between the incoming base and the PB. Without a templating nucleotide residue, an incoming dNTP has no base with which it can hydrogen bond and cannot be desolvated, so that these surrounding water molecules become ordered and remain on the PB's surface in the ternary complex. When these water molecules are on top of a hydrophobic patch on the PB, they destabilize the ternary complex, and the incorporation efficiency of incoming dNTPs is reduced.

Xia, Shuangluo; Vashishtha, Ashwani; Bulkley, David; Eom, Soo Hyun; Wang, Jimin; Konigsberg, William H. (Yale); (Gwangju)

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

A non-contact energy transferring system for an electric vehicle-charging system based on recycled products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A non-contact automatic charging system for electric vehicle application is presented. The principle is the same as that of the transformer where the primary and the secondary circuits are separable but coupled with each other without using the hand coupler. In this paper we present a possibility of removing the core of the secondary coil on the body for reducing the weight of the car. In our experiments the primary core which is placed on the earth floor is made of Mn–Zn ferrite with square shape as 1 m × 1 m × 10 mm for a large cross-sectional area. The steel floor of the car assists to pass the magnetic flux. An efficiency rate over 90% with the test device of 2 kW is obtained without the conventional secondary core. The leakage inductance is well compensated by a resonance capacitor inserted in the secondary coil. In this experiment the distance between the primary and the secondary coil is 100 mm and the switching frequency is 100 kHz . In addition we developed a pavement method for the system. The method utilizes plates made from the waste of expanded polystyrene and rubber mats made from used tire. The plates are set up on the rubber mats and these mats are arranged over the non-contact charging system. The pavements can be replaced easily when the system is exchanged. Therefore this pavement method is not only practical for the non-contact charging system but is also useful for recycling of resources and reduction of waste matters.

Y. Matsuda; H. Sakamoto; H. Shibuya; S. Murata

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Measurement of the Electric Charge of the Top Quark in $\\boldsymbol{t\\bar{t}}$ Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a measurement of the electric charge of top quarks using $t\\bar{t}$ events produced in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions at the Tevatron. The analysis is based on fully reconstructed $t\\bar{t}$ pairs in lepton+jets final states. Using data corresponding to 5.3 $\\rm fb^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, we exclude the hypothesis that the top quark has a charge of $Q=-4/3\\,e$ at a significance greater than 5 standard deviations. We also place an upper limit of 0.46 on the fraction of such quarks that can be present in an admixture with the standard model top quarks ($Q=+2/3\\,e$) at a 95\\% confidence level.

D0 Collaboration

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

44

Investigation on the Charging Process of Li2O2-Based Air Electrodes in Li-O2 Batteries with Organic Carbonate Electrolytes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The charge processes of Li-O2 batteries were investigated by analyzing the gas evolution by in situ gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) technique. The mixture of Li2O2/Fe3O4/Super P carbon/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was used as the starting air electrode material and 1M LiTFSI in carbonate-based solvents was used as electrolyte. It was found that Li2O2 is reactive to 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and PVDF binder used in the electrode preparation. During the 1st charge (up to 4.6 V), O2 was the main component in the gases released. The amount of O2 measured by GC/MS was consistent with the amount of Li2O2 decomposed in the electrochemical process as measured by the charge capacity, indicative of the good chargeability of Li2O2. However, after the cell was discharged to 2.0 V in O2 atmosphere and re-charged to ~ 4.6 V in the second cycle, CO2 was dominant in the released gases. Further analysis of the discharged air electrode by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that lithium-containing carbonate species (lithium alkyl carbonate and/or Li2CO3) were the main reaction products. Therefore, compatible electrolyte and electrodes as well as the electrode preparation procedures need to be developed for long term operation of rechargeable Li-O2 or Li-air batteries.

Xu, Wu; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Wang, Deyu; Towne, Silas A.; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Hu, Dehong; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Water-Soluble Complexes from Random Copolymer and Oppositely Charged Surfactant. 2. Complexes of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Based Cationic Random Copolymer and Bile Salts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water-Soluble Complexes from Random Copolymer and Oppositely Charged Surfactant. 2. Complexes of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Based Cationic Random Copolymer and Bile Salts ... Measurements of light scattering intensity were performed at room temperature (22 °C) on a multiangle light scattering detector (DAWN EOS fitted with a Wyatt QELS correlator (Wyatt Technology Corp.)), having a 30 mW (GaAs, gallium arsenide) laser emitting vertically polarized light at wavelength ? = 690 nm. ... Turbidimetric titration was used to determine the solubility of the polymer?surfactant complexes of various compositions. ...

C. K. Nisha; Sunkara V. Manorama; Jayachandran N. Kizhakkedathu; Souvik Maiti

2004-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

46

Water-Soluble Complexes from Random Copolymer and Oppositely Charged Surfactant. 1. Complexes of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Based Cationic Random Copolymer and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water-Soluble Complexes from Random Copolymer and Oppositely Charged Surfactant. 1. Complexes of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Based Cationic Random Copolymer and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate ... Preliminary studies on the solubility of the complexes by turbidity measurements with one of the most studied anionic surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), demonstrate that complexes of the polymer with 68 mol % PEG content are insoluble in water. ... (angles are measured with respect to the direction of the laser beam) equipped with a 30 mW (GaAs, gallium arsenide) laser emitting vertically polarized light at wavelength ? = 690 nm. ...

C. K. Nisha; Pratyay Basak; Sunkara V. Manorama; Souvik Maiti; Kizhakkedathu N. Jayachandran

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

Investigating Local Degradation and Thermal Stability of Charged Nickel-Based Cathode Materials through Real-Time Electron Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cathode part was prepared from a mixed slurry of 90 wt % active material (NCA), 6 wt % conducting carbon, and 4 wt % poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVDF) binder in N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) solvent. ... The observed differences in thermal decomposition behavior can be caused by a number of factors, including kinetic effects that occur during initial charge or heating, inhomogeneous dispersion of active materials, conducting agents, and polymer binder in the mixed slurry of the cathode, and the degree of electrolyte impregnation into the cathode. ... Real-time TEM has been used to describe the thermal decomposition that occurs at the surface of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 cathodes. ...

Sooyeon Hwang; Seung Min Kim; Seong-Min Bak; Byung-Won Cho; Kyung Yoon Chung; Jeong Yong Lee; Wonyoung Chang; Eric A. Stach

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

Charge Depleting:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0.5 seconds 0.5 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 83.2 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 100.6 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 10.6 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 82.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 101.9 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 145.1 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6,10 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 10 118.5 2.85 10 53.0 1.80 20 116.8 5.49 20 56.6 3.37 40 116.0 10.50 40 58.0 6.38 60 90.7 11.34 60 55.3 9.48 80 76.6 11.34 80 51.4 11.11 100 68.0 11.34 100 47.2 11.13 200 50.9 11.34 200 38.7 11.13 Fuel Economy with A/C Off 1 Cold Start Charge Depleting 2 : Fuel Economy: 119.7 MPG AC kWh Consumed 7 : 0.282 kWh/mi Charge Depleting

49

The measurement of charge for induction-based fluidic MALDI dispense event and nanoliter volume verification in real time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study preliminarily investigates whether nanoliter volumes of concentrated polar liquids and organic monomers launched to targets using induction based fluidics (IBF) can be verified through the real time...

Brent Hilker; Kevin J. Clifford…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A compact transport and charge model for GaN-based high electron mobility transistors for RF applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gallium Nitride (GaN)-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are rapidly emerging as front-runners in high-power mm-wave circuit applications. For circuit design with current devices and to allow sensible future ...

Radhakrishna, Ujwal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Charge transfer from an adsorbed ruthenium-based photosensitizer through an ultra-thin aluminium oxide layer and into a metallic substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of the dye molecule N3 (cis-bis(isothiocyanato)bis(2,2-bipyridyl-4,4'-dicarboxylato)-ruthenium(II)) with the ultra-thin oxide layer on a AlNi(110) substrate, has been studied using synchrotron radiation based photoelectron spectroscopy, resonant photoemission spectroscopy (RPES) and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS). Calibrated X-ray absorption and valence band spectra of the monolayer and multilayer coverages reveal that charge transfer is possible from the molecule to the AlNi(110) substrate via tunnelling through the ultra-thin oxide layer and into the conduction band edge of the substrate. This charge transfer mechanism is possible from the LUMO+2&3 in the excited state but not from the LUMO, therefore enabling core-hole clock analysis, which gives an upper limit of $6.0\\pm$2.5fs for the transfer time. This indicates that ultra-thin oxide layers are a viable material for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC), which may lead to reduced recombination effe...

Gibson, Andrew J; Handrup, Karsten; Weston, Matthew; Mayor, Louise C; O'Shea, James N

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Charge Depleting:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 seconds 3 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.3 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.3 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 103.4 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 13.4 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.4 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 153.0 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

53

Charge Depleting:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 seconds 0 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.1 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.9 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 12.8 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.0 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 105.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 126.8 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

54

Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404). Environmental guidance program reference book: Revision 6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

Not Available

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

How Usage is Charged at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

usage usage is charged How usage is charged MPP Charging (Computational Systems) When a job runs on a NERSC MPP system, such as Hopper, charges accrue against one of the user's repository allocations. The unit of accounting for these charges is the "MPP Hour". A parallel job is charged for exclusive use of each multi-core node allocated to the job. The MPP charge for such a job is calculated as the product of: the job's elapsed wall-clock time in hours, the number of nodes allocated to the job (regardless of the number actually used), the number of cores available on each allocated node, a machine charge factor (MCF) based on typical performance of the machine relative to Hopper (MCF=1.0), and a queue charge factor (QCF). Queue priority scheduling gives users

56

Search milli-charged particles at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particles with electric charge q {triple_bond} Qe {le} 10{sup -3} e and masses in the range 1-1000 MeV/c{sup 2} are not excluded by present experiments or by astrophysical or cosmological arguments. A beam dump experiment uniquely suited to the detection of such {open_quotes}milli-charged{close_quotes} particles has been carried out at SLAC, utilizing the short-duration pulses of the SLC electron beam to establish a tight coincidence window for the signal. The detector, a large scintillation counter sensitive to very small energy depositions, provided much greater sensitivity than previous searches. Analysis of the data leads to the exclusion of a substantial portion of the charge-mass plane. In this report, a preliminary mass-dependent upper limit is presented for the charge of milli-charged particles, ranging from Q = 1.7 x 10{sup -5} at milli-charged particle mass 0.1 MeV/c{sup 2} to Q = 9.5 x 10{sup -4} at 100 MeV/c{sup 2}.

Langeveld, W.G.J. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;I Basic ConceptsI. Basic Concepts Static electricity: charges at rest Electric charge Like charges repel Unlike charges attract Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;Electric ChargeElectric Charge Electron charge: -eElectron charge

Yoo, S. J. Ben

58

Description of Hot and Dense Hadron Gas Properties in a New Excluded-Volume model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new equation of state for a hot and dense hadron gas (HG) is obtained where the finite hard-core size of baryons has been incorporated in a thermodynamically consistent formulation of excluded volume correction. Our model differs from other existing approaches on the following points. We assign a hard-core volume only to each baryon and mesons though possess a small volume but they can fuse and interpenetrate into one another. Use of the full quantum statistics is made in obtaining the grand canonical partition function where excluded-volume correction has been incorporated by explicitly integrating over volume. We thus find that the new model works even for the cases of extreme temperatures and/or densities where most of other approaches fail. The model does not violate causality even at extreme densities. The temperature and density dependence of various thermodynamical quantities, e.g. pressure, baryon density, entropy and energy density compare well with the results of other microscopic HG models. After suitable parametrization of the centre-of-mass energy in terms of temperature and baryon chemical potential, we explore some new freeze-out criteria which exhibit full independence of the collision energy and of the structures of the colliding nuclei. We further demonstrate the suitability of our model in explaining various experimental results of the multiplicity-ratios of various particles and their antiparticles. Finally, we use our excluded-volume model to obtain the transport behaviour of the hot and/or dense HG such as shear viscosity to entropy ratio, speed of sound etc. and compare the results with earlier calculations.

S. K. Tiwari; P. K. Srivastava; C. P. Singh

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

59

Charge Pumping in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate charge pumping in semiconducting carbon nanotubes by a traveling potential wave. From the observation of pumping in the nanotube insulating state we deduce that transport occurs by packets of charge being carried along by the wave. By tuning the potential of a side gate, transport of either electron or hole packets can be realized. Prospects for the realization of nanotube based single-electron pumps are discussed.

P. J. Leek; M. R. Buitelaar; V. I. Talyanskii; C. G. Smith; D. Anderson; G. A. C. Jones; J. Wei; D. H. Cobden

2005-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

60

Bifurcated Endograft (Excluder) in the Treatment of Isolated Iliac Artery Aneurysm: Preliminary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of endovascular repair in the treatment of isolated iliac artery aneurysm (IAA) using Excluder bifurcated endograft. Eight consecutive patients with IAA were treated during a period of 45 months using Excluder bifurcated endograft. Two patients presented with isolated IAA rupture and were treated emergently, whereas the other six patients underwent elective treatment. All aneurysms lacked sufficient proximal necks and therefore were not suitable for tubular-shaped endograft. Follow-up imaging was performed at 1 week, at every 3 months during the first year, semiannually until 2 years, and annually afterward using angio-computed axial tomography and plain films. Technical success was achieved in all patients. No mortality was seen despite two patients having IAA rupture. Follow-up (12 to 60 months) was done in all but one patient. During this period, complications were observed in three patients. One patient developed sexual impotence at 3-month follow up; one patient presented unilateral gluteal claudication after the procedure, which resolved at 3 months; and one patient developed a graft porosity-related endoleak, which was successfully managed with placement of an additional ipsilateral iliac extension. Endovascular treatment of isolated IAA using bifurcated endograft is safe and can be an alternative to surgical treatment. The benefits from decreased morbidity and mortality of endoluminal treatment of isolated IAA using bifurcated endograft outweigh the minor complications associated with this technique, which are mostly related to occlusion of hypogastric arteries.

Zander, Tobias, E-mail: tobiaszander@gmx.de; Baldi, Sebastian; Rabellino, Martin [Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University, Endoluminal Vascular Department, Rambla Hospiten Clinic Group (Spain); Kirsch, David [Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (United States); Llorens, Rafael; Zerolo, Ignacio [Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University, Department of Cardiosurgery, Rambla Hospiten Clinic Group (Spain); Qian, Zhong [Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (United States); Maynar, Manuel [Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University, Endoluminal Vascular Department, Rambla Hospiten Clinic Group (Spain)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Workplace Charging Challenge  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Workplace Charging Challenge, committing to install charging for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) at their worksites. By taking on this Challenge, they are helping build our...

62

Workplace Charging Challenge  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

the New York Power Authority (NYPA) installed three employee charging stations at its White Plains, New York, facility, as part of its workplace charging pilot program. (Photo...

63

Infection with Strains of Citrus Tristeza Virus Does Not Exclude Superinfection by Other Strains of the Virus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distinct strains. However, this model does not explain how hybrid viruses containing...Graft-transmissible diseases of detritus: handbook for detection and diagnosis. FAO, Rome...Infection with strains of Citrus tristeza virus does not exclude superinfection by other strains...

Svetlana Y. Folimonova; Cecile J. Robertson; Turksen Shilts; Alexey S. Folimonov; Mark E. Hilf; Stephen M. Garnsey; William O. Dawson

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

64

Determination of Grain Boundary Charging in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Films: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface potential mapping of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin films using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM) aims to understand the minority-carrier recombination at the grain boundaries (GBs) of this polycrystalline material by examining GB charging, which has resulted in a number of publications. However, the reported results are highly inconsistent. In this paper, we report on the potential mapping by measuring wide-bandgap or high-Ga-content films and by using a complementary atomic force microscopy-based electrical technique of scanning capacitance microscopy (SCM). The results demonstrate consistent, positively charged GBs on our high-quality films with minimal surface defects/charges. The potential image taken on a low-quality film with a 1.2-eV bandgap shows significantly degraded potential contrast on the GBs and degraded potential uniformity on grain surfaces, resulting from the surface defects/charges of the low-quality film. In contrast, the potential image on an improved high-quality film with the same wide bandgap shows significantly improved GB potential contrast and surface potential uniformity, indicating that the effect of surface defects is critical when examining GB charging using surface potential data. In addition, we discuss the effect of the SKPFM setup on the validity of potential measurement, to exclude possible artifacts due to improper SKPFM setups. The SKPFM results were corroborated by using SCM measurements on the films with a CdS buffer layer. The SCM image shows clear GB contrast, indicating different electrical impedance on the GB from the grain surface. Further, we found that the GB contrast disappeared when the CdS window layer was deposited after the CIGS film was exposed extensively to ambient, which was caused by the creation of CIGS surface defects by the ambient exposure.

Jiang, C. S.; Contreras, M. A.; Repins, I.; Moutinho, H. R.; Noufi, R.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A holographic charged preon model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Standard Model (SM) is a successful approach to particle physics calculations. However, there are indications that the SM is only a good approximation to an underlying non-local reality involving fundamental entities (preons) that are not point particles. Furthermore, our universe seems to be dominated by a vacuum energy/cosmological constant. The holographic principle then indicates only a finite number of bits of information will ever be available to describe the observable universe, and that requires a holographic preon model linking the (0,1) holographic bits to SM particles. All SM particles have charges 0, 1/3, 2/3 or 1 in units of the electron charge, so the bits in a holographic preon model must be identified with fractional electric charge. Such holographic charged preon models require baryon asymmetry and also suggest a mechanism for stationary action. This paper outlines a holographic charged preon model where preons are strands with finite energy density specified by bits of information identifying the charge on each end. In the model, SM particles consist of three strands with spin states corresponding to wrapped states of the strands. SM particles in this wrapped preon model can be approximated by preon bound states in non-local dynamics based on three-preon Bethe-Salpeter equations with instantaneous three-preon interactions. The model can be falsified by data from the Large Hadron Collider because it generates baryon asymmetry without axions, and does not allow more than three generations of SM fermions.

T. R. Mongan

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

66

Cryogenic search for fractionally charged particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment was performed to test the hypothesis of cryogenic trapping of fractionally charged particles, suggested as a possible explanation for the results of LaRue, Fairbank, Hebard, and Phillips at Stanford. A Nb-filament source was built, which could be cooled to 4.2°K and rapidly heated to several hundred °K. The source was operated in the terminal of a 700-kV Cockcroft-Walton accelerator and energy spectra of positively charged particles emerging from the filament were measured under a variety of operating conditions. No events above a background of 10-2 counts/sec were found in the energy regions where one might have expected several hundred particles of charge +13e or +23e as the source was heated. A mass range from 10 MeV/c2 to 100 GeV/c2 was covered in the experiment. Although negative results are rarely unambiguous, our findings exclude one class of hypotheses which might have explained the apparent fractional charges of the Stanford experiments.

W. Kutschera; J. P. Schiffer; D. Frekers; W. Henning; M. Paul; K. W. Shepard; C. D. Curtis; C. W. Schmidt

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

1016 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 45, NO. 5, MAY 2010 A Low-Power Capacitive Charge Pump Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1016 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 45, NO. 5, MAY 2010 A Low-Power Capacitive Charge@eecg.toronto.edu). Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/JSSC.2010.2042524 In the interest of prolonging battery life in mobile

Johns, David A.

68

Calculating the binding free energies of charged species based on explicit-solvent simulations employing lattice-sum methods: An accurate correction scheme for electrostatic finite-size effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculation of a protein-ligand binding free energy based on molecular dynamics (MD) simulations generally relies on a thermodynamic cycle in which the ligand is alchemically inserted into the system, both in the solvated protein and free in solution. The corresponding ligand-insertion free energies are typically calculated in nanoscale computational boxes simulated under periodic boundary conditions and considering electrostatic interactions defined by a periodic lattice-sum. This is distinct from the ideal bulk situation of a system of macroscopic size simulated under non-periodic boundary conditions with Coulombic electrostatic interactions. This discrepancy results in finite-size effects, which affect primarily the charging component of the insertion free energy, are dependent on the box size, and can be large when the ligand bears a net charge, especially if the protein is charged as well. This article investigates finite-size effects on calculated charging free energies using as a test case the binding of the ligand 2-amino-5-methylthiazole (net charge +1 e) to a mutant form of yeast cytochrome c peroxidase in water. Considering different charge isoforms of the protein (net charges ?5, 0, +3, or +9 e), either in the absence or the presence of neutralizing counter-ions, and sizes of the cubic computational box (edges ranging from 7.42 to 11.02 nm), the potentially large magnitude of finite-size effects on the raw charging free energies (up to 17.1 kJ?mol{sup ?1}) is demonstrated. Two correction schemes are then proposed to eliminate these effects, a numerical and an analytical one. Both schemes are based on a continuum-electrostatics analysis and require performing Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) calculations on the protein-ligand system. While the numerical scheme requires PB calculations under both non-periodic and periodic boundary conditions, the latter at the box size considered in the MD simulations, the analytical scheme only requires three non-periodic PB calculations for a given system, its dependence on the box size being analytical. The latter scheme also provides insight into the physical origin of the finite-size effects. These two schemes also encompass a correction for discrete solvent effects that persists even in the limit of infinite box sizes. Application of either scheme essentially eliminates the size dependence of the corrected charging free energies (maximal deviation of 1.5 kJ?mol{sup ?1}). Because it is simple to apply, the analytical correction scheme offers a general solution to the problem of finite-size effects in free-energy calculations involving charged solutes, as encountered in calculations concerning, e.g., protein-ligand binding, biomolecular association, residue mutation, pK{sub a} and redox potential estimation, substrate transformation, solvation, and solvent-solvent partitioning.

Rocklin, Gabriel J. [Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th St., San Francisco, California 94143-2550, USA and Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th St., San Francisco, California 94143-2550 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th St., San Francisco, California 94143-2550, USA and Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th St., San Francisco, California 94143-2550 (United States); Mobley, David L. [Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chemistry, University of California Irvine, 147 Bison Modular, Building 515, Irvine, California 92697-0001, USA and Department of Chemistry, University of New Orleans, 2000 Lakeshore Drive, New Orleans, Louisiana 70148 (United States)] [Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chemistry, University of California Irvine, 147 Bison Modular, Building 515, Irvine, California 92697-0001, USA and Department of Chemistry, University of New Orleans, 2000 Lakeshore Drive, New Orleans, Louisiana 70148 (United States); Dill, Ken A. [Laufer Center for Physical and Quantitative Biology, 5252 Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-0001 (United States)] [Laufer Center for Physical and Quantitative Biology, 5252 Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-0001 (United States); Hünenberger, Philippe H., E-mail: phil@igc.phys.chem.ethz.ch [Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, 8093 Zürich (Switzerland)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

69

Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging Behaviors: Experiences from Six Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects (December 2014) Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging...

70

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

March 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date...

71

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date Performed...

72

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

December 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date...

73

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Project Status to Date through: March 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential...

74

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential Commercial Public Not Specified Date...

75

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential Commercial Public Not Specified Date Performed...

76

Sources and Magnetic Charge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A beginning is made on a phenomenological reconstruction of the theory of magnetic charge. The concept is introduced by reference to a new kind of photon source. It is shown that photon exchange between different source types is relativistically invariant. The space-time generalization of this coupling involves an arbitrary vector. The only way to remove a corresponding arbitrariness of physical predictions is to recognize the localization of charge and impose a charge quantization condition. The consideration of particles that carry both kinds of charge loosens the charge restrictions. The great strength of magnetic attraction indicated by g24?=4(137) suggests that ordinary matter is a magnetically neutral composite of magnetically charged particles that carry fractional electric charge. There is a brief discussion of such a magnetic model of strongly interacting particles, which makes contact with empirical classification schemes. Additional remarks on notation, and on the general nature of the source description, are appended.

Julian Schwinger

1968-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

77

Water treatment facilities (excluding wastewater facilities). (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, costs, and operation of water treatment facilities. Facilities covered include those that provide drinking water, domestic water, and water for industrial use. Types of water treatment covered include reverse osmosis, chlorination, filtration, and ozonization. Waste water treatment facilities are excluded from this bibliography. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Charged impurity-induced scatterings in chemical vapor deposited graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of defect scatterings on the electric transport properties of chemical vapor deposited (CVD) graphene by measuring the carrier density dependence of the magneto-conductivity. To clarify the dominant scattering mechanism, we perform extensive measurements on large-area samples with different mobility to exclude the edge effect. We analyze our data with the major scattering mechanisms such as short-range static scatters, short-range screened Coulomb disorders, and weak-localization (WL). We establish that the charged impurities are the predominant scatters because there is a strong correlation between the mobility and the charge impurity density. Near the charge neutral point (CNP), the electron-hole puddles that are induced by the charged impurities enhance the inter-valley scattering, which is favorable for WL observations. Away from the CNP, the charged-impurity-induced scattering is weak because of the effective screening by the charge carriers. As a result, the local static structural defects govern the charge transport. Our findings provide compelling evidence for understanding the scattering mechanisms in graphene and pave the way for the improvement of fabrication techniques to achieve high-quality CVD graphene.

Li, Ming-Yang; Tang, Chiu-Chun [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Ling, D. C. [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui Dist., New Taipei 25137, Taiwan (China); Li, L. J. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Chi, C. C.; Chen, Jeng-Chung [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Frontier Research Center on Fundamental and Applied Sciences of Matters, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electric Charge and Electric Field Electrostatics: Charge at rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 16 Electric Charge and Electric Field #12;Electrostatics: Charge at rest Electric Charges of conservation of Electric Charge: The net amount of electric charge produced in any process is zero. Model, neutral). #12;· All protons and electrons have same magnitude of electric charge but their masses

Yu, Jaehoon

80

On the Role of Solute Solvation and Excluded-Volume Interactions in Coupled Diffusion Onofrio Annunziata*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Nernst-Hartley equations.3,18 These relations are based on the electrostatic coupling existing between

Annunziata, Onofrio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Demand Charges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charges Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDemandCharges&oldid488967"...

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - artery successfully excluded Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simulator Summary: Modeling the Arterial System with Reference to an Anesthesia Simulator Ph.D. Thesis 1 by Mette... is to determine a physiologically based boundary condition such...

83

System Benefits Charge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New York's system benefits charge (SBC), established in 1996 by the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), supports energy efficiency, education and outreach, research and development, and low...

84

Phase Behavior of DNA-Based Dispersions containing Carbon Nanotubes: Effects of Added Polymers and Ionic Strength on Excluded Volume  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Franco Tardani †, Camillo La Mesa *†, Philippe Poulin ‡, and Maryse Maugey ‡ ... Badaire, S.; Zakri, C.; Maugey, M.; Derré, A.; Barisci, J. N.; Wallace, G.; Poulin, P. Adv. ... Badaire, Stephane; Zakri, Cecile; Maugey, Maryse; Derre, Alain; Barisci, Joseph N.; Wallace, Gordon; Poulin, Philippe ...

Franco Tardani; Camillo La Mesa; Philippe Poulin; Maryse Maugey

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

85

Charged elliptic flow at zero charge asymmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The difference between the flow ellipticities of oppositely charged pions ?v2?v2[??]?v2[?+], measured recently by the STAR Collaboration at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) shows a linear dependence on the event charge asymmetry A±?(N+?N?)/(N++N?):?v2(A±)=?v2(0)+rA± with a slope r>0 and a nonzero intercept ?v2(0)>0 on the order of 10?4. We discuss two novel mechanisms, which could explain the nonzero value of the charged elliptic flow ?v2 at zero charge asymmetry A±=0, i.e., the nonzero positive intercept ?v2(0). Both effects are due to the electric fields created by the colliding ions. These fields have quadrupole asymmetry of the magnitude and the sign needed to account for the nonzero intercept ?v2(0)>0 in the RHIC data. One of the mechanisms also involves the chiral magnetic effect. This mechanism, although negligible at RHIC energies, may become important at the CERN Large Hadron Collider energies.

Mikhail Stephanov and Ho-Ung Yee

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

86

Image Charge Differential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Charge Differential Amplifier FT 0 Crude Oil Time (s) 543210 Frequency (kHz) m/z m q B f Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) uses the frequency of cyclotron motion of the ions in a static magnetic field to determine the mass-to-charge ratio, which is then used

Weston, Ken

87

Utility Grid EV charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Main Utility Grid EV charging PCC Batteries DC Load EV charging Flywheel Interlinking converter PV or large distance interconnected grids, to energy efficient applications in distribution system, energy storage systems and local loads as a local grid, is gaining more interests due to its potential

Chaudhary, Sanjay

88

Pulse charging device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a device for pulse charging of capacitor storage devices of high-power nanosecond generators. The charging voltage reaches 30 kV, the charged capacitance is 2-100 nF, the charging time is 5-10 usec, the pulse frequency reaches 10 kHz, and the average power of the device is 15 kW. The device uses two-section oscillatory charging of the capacitors from a dc supply through high-speed thyristors and a pulse transformer. The described device is intended for use as part of a test bench for high-power nanosecond pulse generators for pumping gas lasers and their components.

Butakov, L.D.; Dubich, V.K.; Lashuk, N.A.; Shubkin, N.G.; Vizir', V.A.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Wireless Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a convenient, safe and flexible means to charge electric vehicles. Vehicle to WPT base unit communications (radio) in regulation outer loop Lightest, most compact secondary coil,...

90

Search for Charged Massive Long-Lived Particles Using the D0 Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for charged massive stable particles has been performed with the D0 detector using 1.1 fb{sup -1} of data. The speed of the particle has been calculated based on the time-of-flight and position information in the muon system. The present research is limited to direct pair-production of the charged massive long-lived particles. We do not consider CMSPs that result from the cascade decays of heavier particles. In this analysis, the exact values of the model parameters of the entire supersymmetric particle mass spectrum, relevant for cascade decays, are not important. We found no evidence of the signal. 95% CL cross-section upper limits have been set on the pair-productions of the stable scaler tau lepton, the gaugino-like charginos, and the higgsino-like charginos. The upper cross section limits vary from 0.31 pb to 0.04 pb, for stau masses in the range between 60 GeV and 300 GeV. We use the nominal value of the theoretical cross section to set limits on the mass of the pair produced charginos. We exclude the pair-produced stable gaugino-like charginos with mass below 206 GeV, and higgsino-like charginos below 171 GeV, respectively. Although the present sensitivity is insufficient to test the model of the pair produced stable staus, we do set cross section limits which can be applied to the pair production of any charged massive stable particle candidates with similar kinematics. These are the most restrictive limits to the present on the cross sections for CMSPs and the first published from the Tevatron Collider Run II. The manuscript has been published by Physical Review Letters in April 2009 and is available at arXiv as.

Xie, Yunhe; /Brown U.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

High-power radio frequency pulse generation and extration based on wakefield excited by an intense charged particle beam in dielectric-loaded waveguides.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power extraction using a dielectric-loaded (DL) waveguide is a way to generate high-power radio frequency (RF) waves for future particle accelerators, especially for two-beam-acceleration. In a two-beam-acceleration scheme, a low-energy, high-current particle beam is passed through a deceleration section of waveguide (decelerator), where the power from the beam is partially transferred to trailing electromagnetic waves (wakefields); then with a properly designed RF output coupler, the power generated in the decelerator is extracted to an output waveguide, where finally the power can be transmitted and used to accelerate another usually high-energy low-current beam. The decelerator, together with the RF output coupler, is called a power extractor. At Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA), we designed a 7.8GHz power extractor with a circular DL waveguide and tested it with single electron bunches and bunch trains. The output RF frequency (7.8GHz) is the sixth harmonic of the operational frequency (1.3GHz) of the electron gun and the linac at AWA. In single bunch excitation, a 1.7ns RF pulse with 30MW of power was generated by a single 66nC electron bunch passing through the decelerator. In subsequent experiments, by employing different splitting-recombining optics for the photoinjector laser, electron bunch trains were generated and thus longer RF pulses could be successfully generated and extracted. In 16-bunch experiments, 10ns and 22ns RF pulses have been generated and extracted; and in 4-bunch experiments, the maximum power generated was 44MW with 40MW extracted. A 26GHz DL power extractor has also been designed to test this technique in the millimeter-wave range. A power level of 148MW is expected to be generated by a bunch train with a bunch spacing of 769ps and bunch charges of 20nC each. The arrangement for the experiment is illustrated in a diagram. Higher-order-mode (HOM) power extraction has also been explored in a dual-frequency design. By using a bunch train with a bunch spacing of 769ps and bunch charges of 50nC each, 90.4MW and 8.68MW of extracted power levels are expected to be reached at 20.8GHz and 35.1GHz, respectively. In order to improve efficiency in HOM power extraction, a novel technique has been proposed to suppress unintended modes.

Gao, F.; High Energy Physics; Illinois Inst. of Tech

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

92

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Exclusion of exotic top-like quarks with -4/3 electric charge using jet-charge tagging in single-lepton ttbar events at CDF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a measurement of the top-quark electric charge in ttbar events in which one W boson originating from the top-quark pair decays into leptons and the other into hadrons. The event sample was collected by the CDF II detector in sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV proton-antiproton collisions and corresponds to 5.6 fb^(-1). We find the data to be consistent with the standard model and exclude the existence of an exotic quark with -4/3 electric charge and mass of the conventional top quark at the 99% confidence level.

CDF Collaboration; T. Aaltonen; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; J. A. Appel; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; J. Asaadi; W. Ashmanskas; B. Auerbach; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; T. Bae; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; M. Bauce; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; K. R. Bland; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brucken; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; P. Butti; A. Buzatu; A. Calamba; S. Camarda; M. Campanelli; F. Canelli; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; C. Clarke; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Corbo; M. Cordelli; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; M. Cremonesi; D. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; N. d'Ascenzo; M. Datta; P. De Barbaro; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; M. d'Errico; F. Devoto; A. Di Canto; B. Di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; M. Dorigo; A. Driutti; K. Ebina; R. Edgar; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; S. Errede; B. Esham; R. Eusebi; S. Farrington; J. P. Fernández Ramos; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; H. Frisch; Y. Funakoshi; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; K. Gibson; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; D. Goldin; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González López; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; E. Gramellini; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; R. C. Group; J. Guimaraes da Costa; S. R. Hahn; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; T. Harrington-Taber; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; A. Hocker; Z. Hong; W. Hopkins; S. Hou; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; M. Kambeitz; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; A. Kasmi; Y. Kato; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. J. Kim; Y. K. Kim; N. Kimura; M. Kirby; K. Knoepfel; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuhr; M. Kurata; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; K. Lannon; G. Latino; H. S. Lee; J. S. Lee; S. Leo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; A. Limosani; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; H. Liu; Q. Liu; T. Liu; S. Lockwitz; A. Loginov; A. Lucà; D. Lucchesi; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; J. Lys; R. Lysak; R. Madrak; P. Maestro; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; P. Marino; M. Martínez; K. Matera; M. E. Mattson; A. Mazzacane; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; D. Mietlicki; A. Mitra; H. Miyake; S. Moed; N. Moggi; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; J. Nett; C. Neu; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. Y. Noh; O. Norniella; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian; T. Okusawa; R. Orava; L. Ortolan; C. Pagliarone; E. Palencia; P. Palni; V. Papadimitriou; W. Parker; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; C. Paus; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; E. Pianori; J. Pilot; K. Pitts; C. Plager; L. Pondrom; S. Poprocki; K. Potamianos; A. Pranko; F. Prokoshin; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; N. Ranjan; I. Redondo Fernández; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; A. Robson; T. Rodriguez; S. Rolli; M. Ronzani; R. Roser; J. L. Rosner; F. Ruffini; A. Ruiz; J. Russ; V. Rusu; W. K. Sakumoto; Y. Sakurai; L. Santi; K. Sato; V. Saveliev; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; T. Schwarz; L. Scodellaro; F. Scuri; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Sforza; S. Z. Shalhout; T. Shears; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; I. Shreyber-Tecker; A. Simonenko; P. Sinervo; K. Sliwa; J. R. Smith; F. D. Snider; H. Song; V. Sorin; M. Stancari; R. St. Denis; B. Stelzer; O. Stelzer-Chilton; D. Stentz; J. Strologas; Y. Sudo; A. Sukhanov; I. Suslov; K. Takemasa; Y. Takeuchi; J. Tang; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; J. Thom; E. Thomson; V. Thukral; D. Toback; S. Tokar; K. Tollefson; T. Tomura; D. Tonelli; S. Torre; D. Torretta; P. Totaro; M. Trovato; F. Ukegawa; S. Uozumi; F. Vázquez; G. Velev; C. Vellidis; C. Vernieri; M. Vidal; R. Vilar; J. Vizán; M. Vogel; G. Volpi; P. Wagner; R. Wallny; S. M. Wang; A. Warburton; D. Waters; W. C. Wester III; D. Whiteson; A. B. Wicklund; S. Wilbur; H. H. Williams; J. S. Wilson; P. Wilson; B. L. Winer; P. Wittich; S. Wolbers; H. Wolfe; T. Wright; X. Wu; Z. Wu; K. Yamamoto; D. Yamato; T. Yang

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

94

Surface Charges and Shell Crosslinks Each Play Significant Roles in Mediating Degradation, Biofouling, Cytotoxicity and Immunotoxicity for Polyphosphoester-based Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of nanostructures from biodegradable precursors and shell/core crosslinking have been pursued as strategies to solve the problems of toxicity and limited stability, respectively. Polyphosphoester (PPE)-based ...

Elsabahy, Mahmoud

95

Charged Schrodinger black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct charged and rotating asymptotically Schrödinger black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity. We begin by obtaining a closed-form expression for the null Melvin twist of a broad class of type IIB backgrounds, ...

Adams, Allan

96

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Small-angle neutron scattering analysis of a water-based magnetic fluid with charge stabilization: contrast variation and scattering of polarized neutrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nuclear and magnetic scattering contributions in small-angle scattering experiments on a diluted water-based magnetic fluid are separated by the contrast variation technique and scattering of polarized neutrons. The significant difference found in the nuclear and magnetic apparent particle sizes is related to different nuclear and magnetic correlation lengths in the system.

Avdeev, M.V.

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

FROM MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS TO A CHARGE STATISTIC BEYOND TYPE A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FROM MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS TO A CHARGE STATISTIC BEYOND TYPE A CRISTIAN LENART Abstract. The charge Lie types, based on the recent Ram-Yip formula for Macdonald polynomials and the quantum Bruhat order, and in type C we obtain a new statistic. This method is based on the theory of Macdonald polynomials and

Lenart, Cristian

99

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

100

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

102

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

103

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

104

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

105

EV Charging Infrastructure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charging Infrastructure Charging Infrastructure JOHN DAVIS: Virtually anywhere in the U.S. you can bring light to a room with the flick of a finger. We take it for granted, but creating the national electric grid to make that possible took decades to accomplish. Now, in just a few years, we've seen the birth of a new infrastructure that allows electric vehicles to quickly recharge their batteries at home, work, or wherever they may roam. But this rapid growth has come with a few growing pains. Starting with less than 500 in 2009, there are now over 19,000 public-access charging outlets available to electric vehicles owners at commuter lots, parking garages, airports, retail areas and thousands of

106

Charged Vacuum Bubble Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A type of scenario is considered where electrically charged vacuum bubbles, formed from degenerate or nearly degenerate vacuua separated by a thin domain wall, are cosmologically produced due to the breaking of a discrete symmetry, with the bubble charge arising from fermions residing within the domain wall. Stability issues associated with wall tension, fermion gas, and Coulombic effects for such configurations are examined. The stability of a bubble depends upon parameters such as the symmetry breaking scale and the fermion coupling. A dominance of either the Fermi gas or the Coulomb contribution may be realized under certain conditions, depending upon parameter values.

J. R. Morris

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

108

Charge! for Scientists  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge! for Scientists Charge! for Scientists This show can be adapted for grades 2-8. Materials This equipment is located in the Lederman Science Center. Please talk to Susan Dahl. Balloons PVC pipe and wool Electroscope (glass jar with wire hanging from top and two small pieces of aluminum foil hanging from wire) Van de Graaff generator Bar magnets with opposite ends painted blue and red Circular magnets and pencils Compass Iron filings Battery, wire and nail Things kids can do at home Olga's overheads David Christian's PowerPoint Demos Balloons - Ask for a few volunteers and have them rub a balloon on their head or shirt. PVC pipe and wool - Pour a bunch of pieces of various material onto the table in the front of the room, including pieces of aluminum foil, styrofoam peanuts, paper clips, staples. Have a student rub the wool on the

109

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE: PROPOSED 201214 TRIENNIAL INVESTMENT PLAN The California Energy Commission has prepared this triennial investment plan (2012 ­ 2014) for the new Electric, 2012, Phase 2 Decision 1205037. This decision established the Electric Program Investment Charge

110

Charged Particle Radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coulomb multiple scattering of charged particles as they pass through material allows them to be used as a radiographic probe. This forms the basis for a new kind of radiography that is finding application where conventional x-ray radiography is limited by flux or backgrounds. Charged-particle radiography is providing a versatile new probe that has advantages over conventional x-ray radiography for some unique application. Proton radiography has been used to make quantitative motion pictures of high explosive driven experiments and proves to be of great value for radiographing experiments that mock up nuclear weapon primaries for stockpile certification. By taking advantage of magnetic lens to magnify images and by using the very bright beams that can be made with electrons, charged-particle radiography may be useful for studying the fine spatial detail and very fast motion in laser driven implosion experiments at the National Ignition Facility. Finally, radiographs can be made using cosmic-ray muons for searching vehicles and cargo containers for surreptitious cargo of high z materials such as uranium or plutonium.

Morris, Chris (LANL) [LANL

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Holography, charge and baryon asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reason for baryon asymmetry in our universe has been a pertinent question for many years. The holographic principle suggests a charged preon model underlies the Standard Model of particle physics and any such charged preon model requires baryon asymmetry. This note estimates the baryon asymmetry predicted by charged preon models in closed inflationary Friedmann universes.

T. R. Mongan

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

112

Relation between charge carrier mobility and lifetime in organic photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationship between charge carrier lifetime and mobility in a bulk heterojunction based organic solar cell utilizing diketopyrrolopyrole-naphthalene co-polymer and PC71BM in the photoactive blend layer is investigated using the photoinduced charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage technique. Light intensity delay time and temperature dependent experiments are used to quantify the charge carrier mobility and density as well as the temperature dependence of both. From the saturation of photoinduced current at high laser intensities it is shown that Langevin-type bimolecular recombination is present in the studied system. The charge carrier lifetime especially in Langevin systems is discussed to be an ambiguous and unreliable parameter to determine the performance of organic solar cells because of the dependence of charge carrier lifetime on charge carrier density mobility and type of recombination. It is revealed that the relation between charge mobility (?) and lifetime (?) is inversely proportional where the ?? product is independent of temperature. The results indicate that in photovoltaic systems with Langevin type bimolecular recombination the strategies to increase the charge lifetime might not be beneficial because of an accompanying reduction in charge carrier mobility. Instead the focus on non-Langevin mechanisms of recombination is crucial because this allows an increase in the charge extraction rate by improving the carrier lifetime density and mobility simultaneously.

Chellappan Vijila; Samarendra P. Singh; Prashant Sonar; Almantas Pivrikas; Bronson Philippa; Elumalai Naveen Kumar; S. Gomathy Sandhya; Sergey Gorelik; Jonathan Hobley; Akihiro Furube; Hiroyuki Matsuzaki; Ryuzi Katoh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Telefonix, Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Telefonix, Inc. As an ISO 1400 certified manufacturer of plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations, workplace charging is a part...

114

Direct constraints on diffusion models from cosmic-ray positron data: Excluding the minimal model for dark matter searches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Galactic cosmic-ray (CR) transport parameters are usually constrained by the boron-to-carbon ratio. This procedure is generically plagued with degeneracies between the diffusion coefficient and the vertical extent of the Galactic magnetic halo. The latter is of paramount importance for indirect dark matter (DM) searches because it fixes the amount of DM annihilation or decay that contributes to the local antimatter CR flux. These degeneracies could be broken by using secondary radioactive species, but the current data still have large error bars, and this method is extremely sensitive to the very local interstellar medium properties. Here, we propose to use the low-energy CR positrons in the GeV range as another direct constraint on diffusion models. We show that the PAMELA data disfavor small diffusion halo (L?3??kpc) and large diffusion slope models and exclude the minimal configuration [Maurin et al. Astrophys. J. 555, 585 (2001); Donato et al. Phys. Rev. D 69, 063501 (2004)] widely used in the literature to bracket the uncertainties in the DM signal predictions. This is complementary to indirect constraints (diffuse radio and gamma-ray emissions) and has a strong impact on DM searches. Indeed, this makes the antiproton constraints more robust while enhancing the discovery/exclusion potential of current and future experiments, like AMS-02 and GAPS, especially in the antiproton and antideuteron channels.

Julien Lavalle; David Maurin; Antje Putze

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Dynamics of pulled desorption with effects of excluded volume interaction: The p-Laplacian diffusion equation and its exact solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the dynamics of desorption of a polymer molecule which is pulled at one of its ends with force $f$, trying to desorb it. We assume a monomer to desorb when the pulling force on it exceeds a critical value $f_{c}$. We formulate an equation for the average position of the $n^{th}$ monomer, which takes into account excluded volume interaction through the blob-picture of a polymer under external constraints. The approach leads to a diffusion equation with a $p$-Laplacian for the propagation of the stretching along the chain. This has to be solved subject to a moving boundary condition. Interestingly, within this approach, the problem can be solved exactly in the trumpet, stem-flower and stem regimes. In the trumpet regime, we get $\\tau=\\tau_{0}n_d^{2}$ where $n_d$ is the number of monomers that have desorbed at the time $\\tau$. $\\tau_{0}$ is known only numerically, but for $f$ close to $f_{c}$, it is found to be $\\tau_{0}\\sim f_c/(f^{2/3}-f_{c}^{2/3})$. If one used simple Rouse dynamics, this result changes to {\

K. L. Sebastian; V. G. Rostiashvili; T. A. Vilgis

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

116

Direct constraints on diffusion models from cosmic-ray positron data: Excluding the Minimal model for dark matter searches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galactic Cosmic-ray (CR) transport parameters are usually constrained by the boron-to-carbon ratio. This procedure is generically plagued with degeneracies between the diffusion coefficient and the vertical extent of the Galactic magnetic halo. The latter is of paramount importance for indirect dark matter (DM) searches, because it fixes the amount of DM annihilation or decay that contributes to the local antimatter CR flux. These degeneracies could be broken by using secondary radioactive species, but the current data still have large error bars, and this method is extremely sensitive to the very local interstellar medium (ISM) properties. Here, we propose to use the low-energy CR positrons in the GeV range as another direct constraint on diffusion models. We show that the PAMELA data disfavor small diffusion halo ($L\\lesssim 3$ kpc) and large diffusion slope models, and exclude the minimal ({\\em min}) configuration (Maurin et al. 2001, Donato et al. 2004) widely used in the literature to bracket the uncertainties in the DM signal predictions. This is complementary to indirect constraints (diffuse radio and gamma-ray emissions) and has strong impact on DM searches. Indeed this makes the antiproton constraints more robust while enhancing the discovery/exclusion potential of current and future experiments, like AMS-02 and GAPS, especially in the antiproton and antideuteron channels.

Julien Lavalle; David Maurin; Antje Putze

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

117

Squeezout phenomena and boundary layer formation of a model ionic liquid under confinement and charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical charging of parallel plates confining a model ionic liquid down to nanoscale distances yields a variety of charge-induced changes in the structural features of the confined film. That includes even-odd switching of the structural layering and charging-induced solidification and melting, with important changes of local ordering between and within layers, and of squeezout behavior. By means of molecular dynamics simulations, we explore this variety of phenomena in the simplest charged Lennard-Jones coarse-grained model including or excluding the effect a neutral tail giving an anisotropic shape to one of the model ions. Using these models and open conditions permitting the flow of ions in and out of the interplate gap, we simulate the liquid squeezout to obtain the distance dependent structure and forces between the plates during their adiabatic appraoch under load. Simulations at fixed applied force illustrate an effective electrical pumping of the ionic liquid, from a thick nearly solid film that withstands the interplate pressure for high plate charge to complete squeezout following melting near zero charge. Effective enthalpy curves obtained by integration of interplate forces versus distance show the local minima that correspond to layering, and predict the switching between one minimum and another under squeezing and charging.

R. Capozza; A. Vanossi; A. Benassi; E. Tosatti

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

Workplace Charging Challenge Progress Update 2014: Employers Take Charge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Workplace Charging Challenge Progress Update 2014 highlights the progress of the Challenge and its partners as determined through the annual partner survey.

119

Charge Density Wave Compounds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fisher Research Group Fisher Research Group Layered Chalcogenides 29 February 2008 Controlling the Wave by Brad Plummer, SLAC Communications Stanford University researchers working in part at SSRL have discovered a novel set of properties pertaining to a compound of materials called tritellurides. These compounds, composed of three atoms of tellurium and a single atom of one of the rare earth elements, demonstrate unique electronic properties that can be controlled by altering the temperature of the material. The tritellurides display phenomena known as charge density waves (CDW). In a normal conductive metal, electrons persist in a "sea" wherein they are evenly distributed and equally available, or conductive. A CDW occurs under certain circumstances and causes the electrons to clump together, lowering their availability, and thereby lowering the compound's conductivity. Tellurium, when crystallized into quasi-two-dimensional planes and combined with rare earth elements, produces a material with CDWs that can be manipulated and controlled.

120

NERSC HPSS Charging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HPSS Charging NERSC uses Storage Resource Units (SRUs) to help manage HPSS storage. The goal is to provide a balanced computing environment with appropriate amounts of storage and adequate bandwidth to keep the compute engines fed with data. Performance and usage tracking allows NERSC to anticipate demand and maintain a responsive storage environment. Storage management also recognizes storage as a distinct resource in support of an increasing amount of data intensive computing. Storage management and the quota system are intended to encourage efficient usage by the user community. SRU Management SRUs are reported and managed through the NERSC Information Management (NIM) system. If a user is out of SRUs in all of their HPSS repositories that user will be restricted so that they can no longer write data to HPSS

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

(Data in thousand metric tons of silicon content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Estimated value of silicon alloys and metal (excluding semiconductor-and solar-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production and Use: Estimated value of silicon alloys and metal (excluding semiconductor- and solar- grade and aluminum alloys and the chemical industry. The semiconductor and solar industries, which manufacture chips%; Venezuela, 15%; Canada, 8%; and other, 8%. Silicon metal: Brazil, 38%; South Africa, 24%; Canada, 16

122

Technology: Charging towards the superbattery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and electrolyte. But there is still no lithium battery light enough to power a small electric car over a reasonable distance on a single charge.

Bruno Scrosati

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

123

Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Challenge partners and ambassadors from across the country convened at the Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014 to network with their peers, participate in interactive breakout sessions, and...

124

An artificial neural network application on nuclear charge radii  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Artificial neural networks (ANN) have emerged with successful applications in nuclear physics as well as in many fields of science in recent years. In this paper, ANN have been employed on experimental nuclear charge radii. Statistical modeling of nuclear charge radii using ANN are seen to be successful. Based on the outputs of ANN we have estimated a new simple mass-dependent nuclear charge radii formula. Also, the charge radii, binding energies and two-neutron separation energies of Sn isotopes have been calculated by implementation of a new estimated formula in Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov calculations. The results of the study show that the new estimated formula is useful for describing nuclear charge radii.

S Akkoyun; T Bayram; S O Kara; A Sinan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Policy Implications from: -Charging Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? · Do customers have a garage? · Can users install charging? Vehicle Purchase · When, where, and how infrastructure needs 2-4 times Free charging decreases electric miles for BEVs Modeling shows that with larger project in San Diego (Ecotality) State rebate program (CCSE) Data collected February-March 2012 New

California at Davis, University of

126

R-charge Kills Monopoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large charge density, unlike high temperature, may lead to nonrestoration of global and gauge symmetries. Supersymmetric GUTs with the appealing scenario of unification scale being generated dynamically naturally contain global continuous $R$ symmetries. We point out that the presence of a large $R$ charge in the early Universe can lead to GUT symmetry nonrestoration. This provides a simple way out of the monopole problem.

Borut Bajc; Antonio Riotto; Goran Senjanovic

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

127

A Non-Invasive Energy/Angle Diagnostic for Charged Particle Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A diagnostic for charged particle beams based on Compton scattering is presented. The particular case of an electron beam is treated in detail relativistically.

Christensen, C. R.

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

128

Charge-pump voltage converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charge-pump voltage converter for converting a low voltage provided by a low-voltage source to a higher voltage. Charge is inductively generated on a transfer rotor electrode during its transit past an inductor stator electrode and subsequently transferred by the rotating rotor to a collector stator electrode for storage or use. Repetition of the charge transfer process leads to a build-up of voltage on a charge-receiving device. Connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in series can generate higher voltages, and connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in parallel can generate higher currents. Microelectromechanical (MEMS) embodiments of this invention provide a small and compact high-voltage (several hundred V) voltage source starting with a few-V initial voltage source. The microscale size of many embodiments of this invention make it ideally suited for MEMS- and other micro-applications where integration of the voltage or charge source in a small package is highly desirable.

Brainard, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

129

Examination of shaped charge liner shock loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of experiments was conducted for the purpose of achieving a more fundamental understanding of the shaped charge liner shock loading environment. The test configuration, representing the middle portion of a shaped charge, consists of a 50 mm deep, 100 mm tall, and 2 mm thick copper plate driven by 50 mm deep, 100 mm tall, tapered thickness wedge of LX-14. An electrically driven 50 mm square flyer is used to surface initiate the base of the LX-14 causing a plane detonation wave to propagate into the explosive wedge along the liner surface. Fabry-Perot laser velocimetry measures the particle velocity time history of the plate. The CTH and DYNA2D hydrocodes are used to simulate the experiments. Calculations of the velocity profiles are compared to the experimental results. The effects of mesh density, copper material failure and strength models, and explosive detonation models are discussed.

Murphy, M.J.; Moore, T.W.; Lee, C.G.; Breithaupt, R.; Avara, G.R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

On quantization of mass and electrical charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suggested non-linear, non-gauge modification of the Maxwell theory of electromagnetism based on correlation between electromagnetic potential, $A_a$, and metric, $g_{ab}$, such that tensor $G_{ab} = g_{ab} - l^2{A}_a{A}_b$ represents observable metric. Here $l$ is fundamental constant of the theory. The idea, that the charge density of elementary particle could be a function of electromagnetic potential and background metric (only) is accepted, and specific model of the density is considered. Due to non-linearity of equations, one obtains solutions corresponding to quantized electrical charge with spectrum $q_{n} = {{2n}\\over3}e$ and $q'_{n} = -{(2n+1)\\over3}e$, where $n = 0, 1, 2, ...$

Dmitriy Palatnik

2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

131

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Separation and Charge Recombination in Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenedicarboxamide Linkers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Separation and Charge Recombination in Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenedicarboxamide Linkers ... The dynamics of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination in synthetic DNA hairpins have been investigated by means of femtosecond and nanosecond transient spectroscopy. ...

Frederick D. Lewis; Taifeng Wu; Xiaoyang Liu; Robert L. Letsinger; Scott R. Greenfield; Scott E. Miller; Michael R. Wasielewski

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

133

Measuring momentum for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus and systems for detecting charged particles and obtaining tomography of a volume by measuring charged particles including measuring the momentum of a charged particle passing through a charged particle detector. Sets of position sensitive detectors measure scattering of the charged particle. The position sensitive detectors having sufficient mass to cause the charged particle passing through the position sensitive detectors to scatter in the position sensitive detectors. A controller can be adapted and arranged to receive scattering measurements of the charged particle from the charged particle detector, determine at least one trajectory of the charged particle from the measured scattering; and determine at least one momentum measurement of the charged particle from the at least one trajectory. The charged particle can be a cosmic ray-produced charged particle, such as a cosmic ray-produced muon. The position sensitive detectors can be drift cells, such as gas-filled drift tubes.

Morris, Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Fraser, Andrew Mcleod (Los Alamos, NM); Schultz, Larry Joe (Los Alamos, NM); Borozdin, Konstantin N. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimenko, Alexei Vasilievich (Maynard, MA); Sossong, Michael James (Los Alamos, NM); Blanpied, Gary (Lexington, SC)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

134

Charge transport properties of p-CdTe/n-CdTe/n{sup +}-Si diode-type nuclear radiation detectors based on metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy-grown epilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charge transport properties of p-CdTe/n-CdTe/n{sup +}-Si diode-type nuclear radiation detectors, fabricated by growing p-and n-type CdTe epilayers on (211) n{sup +}-Si substrates using metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy (MOVPE), were studied by analyzing current-voltage characteristics measured at various temperatures. The diode fabricated shows good rectification properties, however, both forward and reverse biased currents deviate from their ideal behavior. The forward current exhibits typical feature of multi-step tunneling at lower biases; however, becomes space charge limited type when the bias is increased. On the other hand, the reverse current exhibits thermally activated tunneling-type current. It was found that trapping centers at the p-CdTe/n-CdTe junction, which were formed due to the growth induced defects, determine the currents of this diode, and hence limit the performance of the nuclear radiation detectors developed.

Niraula, M.; Yasuda, K.; Wajima, Y.; Yamashita, H.; Tsukamoto, Y.; Suzuki, Y.; Matsumoto, M.; Takai, N.; Tsukamoto, Y.; Agata, Y. [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso, Showa, Nagoya 466-8555 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso, Showa, Nagoya 466-8555 (Japan)

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

135

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Siemens  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Currently, Siemens has installed charging stations at four of its largest U.S. sites: Orlando, FL; Iselin, NJ; Alpharetta, GA; and Wendell, NC. In 2011, Siemens surveyed a portion of its U.S....

136

AVTA: Bidirectional Fast Charging Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is an analysis of bi-directional fast charging, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

137

Anisotropic charged dark energy star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the stars carry electrical charges, we present in this paper a model for charged dark energy star which is singularity free. We take Krori-Barua space time. We assume that the radial pressure exerted on the system due to the presence of dark energy is proportional to the isotropic perfect fluid matter density and the difference between tangential and radial pressure is proportional to the square of the electric field intensity. The solution satisfies the physical conditions inside the star

Kanika Das; Nawsad Ali

2014-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

138

Jet Charge at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Knowing the charge of the parton initiating a light-quark jet could be extremely useful both for testing aspects of the standard model and for characterizing potential beyond-the-standard-model signals. We show that despite the complications of hadronization and out-of-jet radiation such as pileup, a weighted sum of the charges of a jet’s constituents can be used at the LHC to distinguish among jets with different charges. Potential applications include measuring electroweak quantum numbers of hadronically decaying resonances or supersymmetric particles, as well as standard model tests, such as jet charge in dijet events or in hadronically decaying W bosons in tt¯ events. We develop a systematically improvable method to calculate moments of these charge distributions by combining multihadron fragmentation functions with perturbative jet functions and pertubative evolution equations. We show that the dependence on energy and jet size for the average and width of the jet charge can be calculated despite the large experimental uncertainty on fragmentation functions. These calculations can provide a validation tool for data independent of Monte Carlo fragmentation models.

David Krohn; Matthew D. Schwartz; Tongyan Lin; Wouter J. Waalewijn

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

139

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bentley Systems, Inc. ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

additional installations at its corporate headquarters near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. red electric vehicle charging at outdoor charging station Fast Facts Joined the Workplace...

140

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern California Edison...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of determining the need for PEV charging at the workplace and the prospect for demand response application. Grey plug-in electric vehicle at charging station. Additional...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Territo Electric, Inc....  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Territo Electric, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Territo Electric, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Territo Electric, Inc. Territo Electric, Inc. seeks to...

142

Distributed Solar Photovoltaics for Electric Vehicle Charging...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DISTRIBUTED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING REGULATORY AND POLICY CONSIDERATIONS ABSTRACT Increasing demand for electric vehicle (EV) charging provides an...

143

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: March 12, 2013 Headquarters: Detroit, MI Charging Locations: Ann Arbor, MI; Belleville, MI; Bloomfield Township, MI; Clinton...

144

EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge: Resources | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Best Practices for Workplace Charging report. Expanding Commuter Options and Reducing GHG Emissions with Workplace Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging - This webcast, hosted by...

145

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DIRECTV | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: November 17, 2014 Headquarters: El Segundo, CA Charging Locations: El Segundo, CA; Marina Del Ray, CA; Englewood, CO Domestic...

146

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Texas headquarters campus. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: March 7, 2013 Headquarters: Round Rock, TX Charging Locations: Round Rock, TX; Santa Clara, CA...

147

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24,...

148

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO International, Inc...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO International, Inc. As a leading distributor of electrical products, WESCO provides plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations to...

149

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

150

ChargePoint America | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ChargePoint America ChargePoint America 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

151

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Heartland Community College...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The provision of workplace charging directly supports the college's commitment to sustainability, education, and community partnership. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging...

152

Single- and double-charge exchange at low pion energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review is given of pion single- and double-charge exchange reactions at incident energies of 25 to 65 MeV leading to isobaric analog states, and in the case of double-charge exchange leading to the ground state of the residual nucleus. The crucial role of the higher nuclear transparency at low pion energies for the analysis of the data in terms of single and double scattering is demonstrated. The large effects on double-charge exchange produced by the spatial correlations in nuclear wave functions are evident. The data on 1f{sub 7/2} nuclei at 35 MeV are used to establish the general validity of a shell-model-based two-amplitude model for these transitions. Recent measurements of the energy dependence between 25 and 65 MeV of double-charge exchange cross sections at forward angles are presented and discussed. 33 refs., 19 figs.

Baer, H.W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Strong Effect of Weak Charging in Suspensions of Anisotropic Colloids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suspensions of hard colloidal particles frequently serve as model systems in studies on fundamental aspects of phase transitions. But often colloidal particles that are considered as ``hard'' are in fact weakly charged. If the colloids are spherical, weak charging has a only a weak effect on the structural properties of the suspension, which can be easily corrected for. However, this does not hold for anisotropic particles. We introduce a model for the interaction potential between charged ellipsoids of revolution (spheroids) based on the Derjaguin approximation of Debye--H\\"uckel Theory and present a computer simulation study on aspects of the system's structural properties and phase behaviour. In line with previous experimental observations, we find that even a weak surface charge has a strong impact on the correlation functions. A likewise strong impact is seen on the phase behaviour, in particular, we find stable cubatic order in suspensions of oblate ellipsoids.

Sven Dorosz; Nikhilesh Shegokar; Tanja Schilling; Martin Oettel

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

154

Charge Fluctuations as Thermometer for Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a determination of freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions based on ratios of cu- mulants of net electric charge fluctuations obtained from lattice QCD. These ratios can reliably be calculated for a wide range of chemical potential values by using a next-to-leading order Taylor series expansion around the limit of vanishing baryon, electric charge and strangeness chemical potentials. We first determine the strangeness and electric charge chemical potentials that characterize the conditions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We then show that a comparison of lattice QCD results for ratios of up to third order cumulants of electric charge fluctuations with experimental results allows us to extract the freeze-out baryon chemical potential and the freeze-out temperature. We apply our method to preliminary data of the STAR and PHENIX collaborations.

Wagner, Mathias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Charge Fluctuations as Thermometer for Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a determination of freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions based on ratios of cu- mulants of net electric charge fluctuations obtained from lattice QCD. These ratios can reliably be calculated for a wide range of chemical potential values by using a next-to-leading order Taylor series expansion around the limit of vanishing baryon, electric charge and strangeness chemical potentials. We first determine the strangeness and electric charge chemical potentials that characterize the conditions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We then show that a comparison of lattice QCD results for ratios of up to third order cumulants of electric charge fluctuations with experimental results allows us to extract the freeze-out baryon chemical potential and the freeze-out temperature. We apply our method to preliminary data of the STAR and PHENIX collaborations.

Mathias Wagner

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Study of space charge compensation phenomena in charged particle beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of a charged particle beam is accompanied by the production of secondary particles created in the interaction of the beam itself with the background gas flowing in the accelerator tube. In the drift region, where the electric field of the electrodes is negligible, secondary particles may accumulate giving a plasma which shields the self-induced potential of the charged beam. This phenomenon, known as space charge compensation is a typical issue in accelerator physics, where it is usually addressed by means of 1D radial transport codes or Monte Carlo codes. The present paper describes some theoretical studies on this phenomenon, presenting a Particle in Cell-Monte Carlo (PIC-MC) Code developed ad hoc where both radial and axial confinements of secondary particles are calculated. The features of the model, offering a new insight on the problem, are described and some results discussed.

Veltri, P.; Serianni, G. [Consorzio RFX, C.so Stati Uniti 4, 35100 Padova (Italy); Cavenago, M. [INFN-LNL, Viale dell'Universita 2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Electric Charge Quantization in Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of Standard Model for the arbitrary values of Higgs and fermions fields hypercharges, taking into account parity invariance of electromagnetic interaction, expressions for the fermions charges, testifying the electric charge quantization are obtained. From the chiral anomalies cancellation condition within one family of leptons and quarks, numerical values of fermions charges, coinciding with standard values of charges have been obtained.

O. B. Abdinov; F. T. Khalil-zade; S. S. Rzaeva

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

ADA Requirements for Workplace Charging Installation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Best Practices for installing PEV charging stations in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

159

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

160

Charge amplifier with bias compensation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion beam uniformity monitor for very low beam currents using a high-sensitivity charge amplifier with bias compensation. The ion beam monitor is used to assess the uniformity of a raster-scanned ion beam, such as used in an ion implanter, and utilizes four Faraday cups placed in the geometric corners of the target area. Current from each cup is integrated with respect to time, thus measuring accumulated dose, or charge, in Coulombs. By comparing the dose at each corner, a qualitative assessment of ion beam uniformity is made possible. With knowledge of the relative area of the Faraday cups, the ion flux and areal dose can also be obtained.

Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Magnetic moment versus tensor charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We express the baryon magnetic moments in terms of the baryon tensor charges, considering the quarks as relativistic interacting objects. Once tensor charges get measured accurately, the formula for the baryon magnetic moment will serve to extract precise information on the quark anomalous magnetic moment, the quark effective mass and the ratio of the quark constituent mass to the quark effective mass. The analogous formula for the baryon electric dipole moment is of no great use as it gets eventually sizable contributions from various CP- violating sources not necessary associated to the quark electric dipole moment.

M. Mekhfi

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

162

Anomaly-induced charges in nucleons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show a novel charge structure of baryons in electromagnetic field due to the chiral anomaly. A key connection is to treat baryons as solitons of mesons. We use Skyrmions to calculate the charge distributions in a single nucleon and find an additional charge. We also perform calculations of charge distribution for classical multi-baryons with B=2, 3,...,8 and 17; they show amusing charge distributions.

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

Molecular approaches to solar energy conversion: the energetic cost of charge separation from molecular-excited states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...longer-lived charge carriers shows clear...molecular-based solar energy conversion systems...monochromatic power conversion efficiency...additional energy and quantum...collecting charge carriers at the device...all solar energy conversion systems where...long-lived charge carriers. We and...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Gas-Solid Coexistence in Highly Charged Colloidal Suspensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aqueous suspensions of highly charged polystyrene particles with different volume fractions have been investigated for structural ordering and phase behavior using static light scattering (SLS) and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Under deionized conditions, suspensions of high charge density colloidal particles remained disordered whereas suspensions of relatively low charge density showed crystallization by exhibiting iridescence for the visible light. Though for unaided eye crystallized suspensions appeared homogeneous, static light scattering measurements and CLSM observations have revealed their inhomogeneous nature in the form of coexistence of voids with dense ordered regions. CLSM investigations on disordered suspensions showed their inhomogeneous nature in the form coexistence of voids with dense disordered (amorphous) regions. Our studies on highly charged colloids confirm the occurrence of gas-solid transition and are in accordance with predictions of Monte Carlo simulations using a pair-potential having a long-range attractive term [Mohanty and Tata, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2003, 264, 101]. Based on our experimental and simulation results we argue that the reported reentrant disordered state [Yamanaka et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 1998, 80, 5806 and Toyotama et al Langmuir, 2003, 19, 3236] in charged colloids observed at high charge densities is a gas-solid coexistence state.

P. S. Mohanty; B. V. R. Tata; A. Toyotama; T. Sawada

2005-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

165

Stability of charged thin shells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

Eiroa, Ernesto F. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, C.C. 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Simeone, Claudio [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document contains the Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005

167

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

001 001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations January 2001 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Infrastructure Review committee feels that the organization of the ARM Infrastructure must change as the amount of required work grows and budgets remain fixed. The current structure may not lend itself to the more efficient operation that will be needed. The current ARM Infrastructure is site centric; that structure served ARM well in its early years of development but is one that has become limiting.

168

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics for Global Climate Models First Quarter 2007 ARM Metric Report January 2007 Xiaohong Liu and Steven J. Ghan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research X. Liu and S.J. Ghan, DOE/SC-ARM-0701 iii Summary Mixed-phase clouds are composed of a mixture of cloud droplets and ice crystals. The partitioning of condensed water into liquid droplets and ice crystals in clouds varies throughout the life cycle of clouds, with droplets forming initially but crystals dominating later as ice forms first by crystal nucleation and then by vapor deposition. This report documents an ice nucleation

169

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM-0501 ARM-0501 Marine Stratus Radiation, Aerosol, and Drizzle (MASRAD) Science Plan June 2005 M.A. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Earth System Science Division Upton, New York A. Bucholtz Naval Research Laboratory Monterey, California B. Albrecht and P. Kollias Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Miami, Florida Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research M.A. Miller et al., June 2005, DOE/ER-ARM-0501 Abstract Marine stratus is one of the most prevalent and under sampled cloud types on earth and is an important component of the earth's climate system. Marine stratus is thought to be susceptible to infusions of anthropogenic aerosols that alter in-cloud microphysical processes and is known to

170

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 DOE Review of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility February 3-4, 2005 American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. June 2005 W.R. Ferrell Climate Change Research Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0502 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1 2. SUMMARY OF ACRF INFRASTRUCTURE REVIEW PANEL COMMENTS................ 3 2.1 Management.................................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Research Support ............................................................................................................

171

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved.

Haselman, Jr., Leonard C. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved. 8 figs.

Haselman, L.C. Jr.

1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

173

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gabadadze, Gregory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

175

Charging Graphene for Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2004, graphene, including single atomic layer graphite sheet, and chemically derived graphene sheets, has captured the imagination of researchers for energy storage because of the extremely high surface area (2630 m2/g) compared to traditional activated carbon (typically below 1500 m2/g), excellent electrical conductivity, high mechanical strength, and potential for low cost manufacturing. These properties are very desirable for achieving high activity, high capacity and energy density, and fast charge and discharge. Chemically derived graphene sheets are prepared by oxidation and reduction of graphite1 and are more suitable for energy storage because they can be made in large quantities. They still contain multiply stacked graphene sheets, structural defects such as vacancies, and oxygen containing functional groups. In the literature they are also called reduced graphene oxide, or functionalized graphene sheets, but in this article they are all referred to as graphene for easy of discussion. Two important applications, batteries and electrochemical capacitors, have been widely investigated. In a battery material, the redox reaction occurs at a constant potential (voltage) and the energy is stored in the bulk. Therefore, the energy density is high (more than 100 Wh/kg), but it is difficult to rapidly charge or discharge (low power, less than 1 kW/kg)2. In an electrochemical capacitor (also called supercapacitors or ultracapacitor in the literature), the energy is stored as absorbed ionic species at the interface between the high surface area carbon and the electrolyte, and the potential is a continuous function of the state-of-charge. The charge and discharge can happen rapidly (high power, up to 10 kW/kg) but the energy density is low, less than 10 Wh/kg2. A device that can have both high energy and high power would be ideal.

Liu, Jun

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

176

Turbo-Charged Lighting Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TURBO-CHARGED LIGHTING DESIGN William H. Clark II Design Engineer O'Connell Robertson & Assoc Austin/ Texas ABSTRACT The task of the lighting designer has become very complex, involving thousands of choices for fixture types and hundreds... at this point. will read the data into the lighting file and clear the screen for the next calculation. The designer has access to over one hundred fixture types (expandable indefinitely). The most useful ones are displayed on the screen. The balance...

Clark, W. H. II

177

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: North Central College ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

has two plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations. Both stations may be used free of charge by students, faculty, staff and campus visitors. Serious in its efforts to...

178

Fast Methods for Bimolecular Charge Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a Hessian-implicit optimization method to quickly solve the charge optimization problem over protein molecules: given a ligand and its complex with a receptor, determine the ligand charge distribution that minimizes ...

Bardhan, Jaydeep P.

179

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Portland General Electric  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since the late 1990s, Portland General Electric (PGE) has offered plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging for its employees. With the advent of the modern Level 2 and DC Quick-Charging standards,...

180

Transport of elliptic intense charged -particle beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transport theory of high-intensity elliptic charged-particle beams is presented. In particular, the halo formation and beam loss problem associated with the high space charge and small-aperture structure is addressed, ...

Zhou, J. (Jing), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Parity meter for charge qubits: an efficient quantum entangler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a realization of a charge parity meter based on two double quantum dots alongside a quantum point contact. Such a device is a specific example of the general class of mesoscopic quadratic quantum measurement detectors previously investigated by Mao et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 056803 (2004)]. Our setup accomplishes entangled state preparation by a current measurement alone, and allows the qubits to be effectively decoupled by pinching off the parity meter. Two applications of the parity meter are discussed: the measurement of Bell's inequality in charge qubits and the realization of a controlled NOT gate.

B. Trauzettel; A. N. Jordan; C. W. J. Beenakker; M. Buttiker

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Charge quantisation without magnetic monopoles: a topological approach to electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present work provides a theoretical explanation for the quantisation of electric charges, an open problem since Millikan's oil drop experiment in 1909. This explanation is based solely on Maxwell's theory, it recasts Electromagnetic theory under the language of complex line bundles; therefore, neither magnetic monopoles nor quantum mechanics are invoked. Essentially, the existence of magnetic monopoles was the only theoretical explanation for charge quantisation (e.g. Dirac's monopole), and there is no experimental data supporting their existence ---on the contrary, they have nerver been observed.

Romero Solha

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

183

Charge radius of the neutrino  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the pinch technique we construct at one-loop order a neutrino charge radius, which is finite, depends neither on the gauge-fixing parameter nor on the gauge-fixing scheme employed, and is process independent. This definition stems solely from an effective proper photon-neutrino one-loop vertex, with no reference to box or self-energy contributions. The role of the WW box in this construction is critically examined. In particular it is shown that the exclusion of the effective WW box from the definition of the neutrino charge radius is not a matter of convention but is in fact dynamically realized when the target fermions are right-handedly polarized. In this way we obtain a unique decomposition of effective self-energies, vertices, and boxes, which separately respect electroweak gauge invariance. We elaborate on the tree-level origin of the mechanism which enforces at the one-loop level massive cancellations among the longitudinal momenta appearing in the Feynman diagrams, and in particular those associated with the non-Abelian character of the theory. Various issues related to the known connection between the pinch technique and the background field method are further clarified. Explicit closed expressions for the neutrino charge radius are reported.

J. Bernabéu; L. G. Cabral-Rosetti; J. Papavassiliou; J. Vidal

2000-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

184

Air Charge Control for Turbocharged Spark Ignition Engines with Internal Exhaust Gas Recirculation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the turbocharger wastegate, and the Variable Valve Timing (VVT) system are three actuators in the air path systemAir Charge Control for Turbocharged Spark Ignition Engines with Internal Exhaust Gas Recirculation of transient cylin- der charge control, based on a cycle-averaged mean-value model for a turbocharged spark

Stefanopoulou, Anna

185

A Charge Recycling Differential Noise Immune Jabulani Nyathi, Valeriu Beiu, Suryanarayana Tatapudi, and David 3. Betowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Charge Recycling Differential Noise Immune Perceptron Jabulani Nyathi, Valeriu Beiu in [SI, [91, [lo]. recycling differential noise-immune threshold logic (CRD-NTL) In this paper we shall focus primarily on charge recycling perceptron is based on combining the split-level precharge

Nyathi, Jabulani

186

Effective charges and isoscalar shifts in the linearized Hartree-Fock model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple method based on a linearized Hartree-Fock technique is proposed to calculate effective charges and isoscalar nuclear shifts. As an application, the change in rms radii near closed shell nuclei is calculated using a Skyrme interaction.NUCLEAR STRUCTURE Hartree-Fock calculation of effective charge, isoscalar nuclear shift, Skyrme interaction.

B. Castel and K. Goeke

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Electric- and Magnetic-Charge Renormalization. I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important question in the field theory of electric and magnetic charge is the relative renormalization of the two kinds of charges. A general view of renormalization, as a scale change introduced in proceeding from the field to the particle level of description, indicates the universality of charge renormalization. This is confirmed by an explicit calculation of the long-range interaction of static charges.

Julian Schwinger

1966-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

188

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CHARGE INDICATOR DISPLAY (CID)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RA3.4.2. If refrigerant charge verification is required for compliance, and a CID has been installed compliance with the refrigerant charge verification requirement for that system, thus submittal of a standard refrigerant charge verification compliance form (MECH 25) is not required for a system that has a passing CID

189

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers Monday, September 23, 2013 The potential for combining low-cost manufacturing and mechanical robustness with engineering of specific opto-electronic properties has recently spurred great interest in semiconducting polymers. Consequently, devices based on organic semiconductors have reached significant milestones such as ~10% solar power conversion efficiencies as well as electron and hole mobilities exceeding 1 cm2/Vs. Conjugated polymer chains have many degrees of conformational freedom and interact weakly with each other, resulting in complex microstructures in the solid state. Understanding charge transport in such systems, which have both amorphous and ordered

190

Simulation of the Reflected Blast Wave froma C-4 Charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflection of a blast wave from a C4 charge detonated above a planar surface is simulated with our ALE3D code. We used a finely-resolved, fixed Eulerian 2-D mesh (167 {micro}m per cell) to capture the detonation of the charge, the blast wave propagation in nitrogen, and its reflection from the surface. The thermodynamic properties of the detonation products and nitrogen were specified by the Cheetah code. A programmed-burn model was used to detonate the charge at a rate based on measured detonation velocities. Computed pressure histories are compared with pressures measured by Kistler 603B piezoelectric gauges at 8 ranges (GR = 0, 2, 4, 8, 10, and 12 inches) along the reflecting surface. Computed and measured waveforms and positive-phase impulses were similar, except at close-in ranges (GR < 2 inches), which were dominated by jetting effects.

Howard, W M; Kuhl, A L; Tringe, J W

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Nuclear PDF for neutrino and charged lepton data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering on nuclei is an essential process to constrain the strange quark parton distribution functions in the proton. The critical component on the way to using the neutrino DIS data in a proton PDF analysis is understanding the nuclear effects in parton distribution functions. We parametrize these effects by nuclear parton distribution functions. Here we compare results from two analysis of NPDF both done at next-to-leading order in QCD. The first uses neutral current charged-lepton lA Deeply Inelastic Scattering and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets and the second uses neutrino-nucleon DIS data. We compare the nuclear corrections factors F_2^Fe/F_2^D for the charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

K. Kovarik

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

192

Effect of net surface charge on particle sizing and material recognition by using phase Doppler anemometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By taking net surface charge into consideration, the scattering field of particles illuminated by dual laser beams of phase Doppler anemometry (PDA) is computed based on Mie's theory, and the effect of net surface charge on the phase-diameter relationship and the phase ratio is studied. It is found that the phase-diameter relationship and the relationship between the phase ratio and the refractive index of charged particles could be significantly different from those of uncharged particles, which would lead to errors in particle sizing and the measurement of refractive indices. A method of recognizing charged particles and determining the value of their surface conductivity, which is related to net surface charge, is proposed by utilizing the effect of net surface charge on the measurement of refractive indices using PDA.

Zhou Jun; Xie Li

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

Critical charges on strange quark nuggets and other extended objects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the behavior of the critical charge for spontaneous pair production, Z{sub C}, defined as the charge at which the total energy of a K-shell electron is E=-m{sub e}, as a function of the radius R of the charge distribution. Our approach is to solve the Dirac equation for a potential V(r) consisting of a spherically symmetrical charge distribution of radius R and a Coulomb tail. For a spherical shell distribution of the type usually associated with color-flavor locked strange quark nuggets, we confirm the relation Z{sub C}=0.71R (fm) for sufficiently large R obtained by Madsen, who used an approach based on the Thomas-Fermi model. We also present results for a uniformly charged sphere and again find that Z{sub C}{approx}R for large enough R. Also discussed is the behavior of Z{sub C} when simple ad hoc modifications are made to the potential for 0{<=}r

Dicus, Duane A. [Physics Department, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Repko, Wayne W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Teplitz, V. L. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Physics Department, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275 (United States)

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Electromagnetic fluctuation-induced interactions in randomly charged slabs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Randomly charged net-neutral dielectric slabs are shown to interact across a featureless dielectric continuum with long-range electrostatic forces that scale with the statistical variance of their quenched random charge distribution and inversely with the distance between their bounding surfaces. By accounting for the whole spectrum of electromagnetic field fluctuations, we show that this long-range disorder-generated interaction extends well into the retarded regime where higher-order Matsubara frequencies contribute significantly. This occurs even for highly clean samples with only a trace amount of charge disorder and shows that disorder effects can be important down to the nano scale. As a result, the previously predicted non-monotonic behavior for the total force between dissimilar slabs as a function of their separation distance is substantially modified by higher-order contributions, and in almost all cases of interest, we find that the equilibrium inter-surface separation is shifted to substantially larger values compared to predictions based solely on the zero-frequency component. This suggests that the ensuing non-monotonic interaction is more easily amenable to experimental detection. The presence of charge disorder in the intervening dielectric medium between the two slabs is shown to lead to an additional force that can be repulsive or attractive depending on the system parameters and can, for instance, wash out the non-monotonic behavior of the total force when the intervening slab contains a sufficiently large amount of disorder charges.

Vahid Rezvani; Jalal Sarabadani; Ali Naji; Rudolf Podgornik

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

195

Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging Educate your employer...

196

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace

197

Quantum and classical dissipation of charged particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Hamiltonian approach is presented to study the two dimensional motion of damped electric charges in time dependent electromagnetic fields. The classical and the corresponding quantum mechanical problems are solved for particular cases using canonical transformations applied to Hamiltonians for a particle with variable mass. Green’s function is constructed and, from it, the motion of a Gaussian wave packet is studied in detail. -- Highlights: •Hamiltonian of a damped charged particle in time dependent electromagnetic fields. •Exact Green’s function of a charged particle in time dependent electromagnetic fields. •Time evolution of a Gaussian wave packet of a damped charged particle. •Classical and quantum dynamics of a damped electric charge.

Ibarra-Sierra, V.G. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 México D.F. (Mexico)] [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 México D.F. (Mexico); Anzaldo-Meneses, A.; Cardoso, J.L.; Hernández-Saldaña, H. [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico)] [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico); Kunold, A., E-mail: akb@correo.azc.uam.mx [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico); Roa-Neri, J.A.E. [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico)] [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lynda.com to someone by E-mail lynda.com to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

199

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BookFactory to someone by E-mail BookFactory to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

200

Renewable energy-combined scheduling for electric vehicle charging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper designs a heuristic-based charging scheduler capable of integrating renewable energy for electric vehicles, aiming at reshaping power load induced from the large deployment of electric vehicles. Based on the power consumption profile as well as the preemptive charging task model which includes the time constraint on the completion time, a charging schedule is created as a form of time tables. Each entry indicates the source of power supply, namely, either regular power or renewable energy, and how much power is supplied to a vehicle. Basically, it assigns the charging operation to those slots having the smallest power load one at a time, taking different allocation orders according to slack, operation length, and per-slot power demand. Finally, the peaking task of the peaking slot is iteratively picked to assign renewable energy stored in the station battery. The performance measurement result shows that our scheme can reduce the peak load by up to 37.3% compared with the earliest allocation scheme for the given parameter set.

Junghoon Lee; Gyung-Leen Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ways to calculate electric fields in traction electric motor insulation by equivalent charge method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A procedure permitting one to calculate the electric fields in multilayer insulation based on the equivalent charge method is presented. Consideration of the new algorithm shows its fast response and proper ac...

A. V. Kireev; A. Yu. Bakhvalov; S. Yu. Knyazev…

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Effect of net surface charge on particle sizing and material recognition by using phase Doppler anemometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By taking net surface charge into consideration, the scattering field of particles illuminated by dual laser beams of phase Doppler anemometry (PDA) is computed based on Mie’s...

Zhou, Jun; Xie, Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Multi-Period Planning for Electric Car Charging Station Locations: a Case of Korean Expressways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the most critical barriers to widespread adoption of electric cars is the lack of charging station infrastructure. Although it is expected that a sufficient number of charging stations will be constructed eventually, due to various practical reasons they may have to be introduced gradually over time. In this paper, we formulate a multi-period optimization model based on a flow-refueling location model for strategic charging station location planning. We also propose two myopic methods and develop a case study based on the real traffic flow data of the Korean Expressway network in 2011. We discuss the performance of the three proposed methods.

Sung Hoon Chung; Changhyun Kwon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Magnetic guidance of charged particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many experiments and devices in physics use static magnetic fields to guide charged particles from a source onto a detector, and we ask the innocent question: What is the distribution of particle intensity over the detector surface? One should think that the solution to this seemingly simple problem is well known. We show that, even for uniform guide fields, this is not the case and present analytical point spread functions (PSF) for magnetic transport that deviate strongly from previous results. The "magnetic" PSF shows unexpected singularities, which were recently also observed experimentally, and which make detector response very sensitive to minute changes of position, field amplitude, or particle energy. In the field of low-energy particle physics, these singularities may become a source of error in modern high precision experiments, or may be used for instrument tests, for instance in neutrino mass retardation spectrometers.

Dubbers, Dirk

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

On the Electric Charge of the Neutrino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact expression is obtained for the differential cross section of elastic electroweak scattering of longitudinal polarized massive Dirac neutrinos with the electric charge and anomalous magnetic moment on a spinless nucleus. This formula contains all necessary information about the nature of the neutrino mass, charge and magnetic moment. Some of them state that between the mass of the neutrino its electric charge there exists an interconnection.

Rasulkhozha S. Sarafiddinov

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

206

Particle accelerator employing transient space charge potentials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides an accelerator for ions and charged particles. The plasma is generated and confined in a magnetic mirror field. The electrons of the plasma are heated to high temperatures. A series of local coils are placed along the axis of the magnetic mirror field. As an ion or particle beam is directed along the axis in sequence the coils are rapidly pulsed creating a space charge to accelerate and focus the beam of ions or charged particles.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Screening of a hypercritical charge in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Screening of a large external charge in graphene is studied. The charge is assumed to be displaced away or smeared over a finite region of the graphene plane. The initial decay of the screened potential with distance is shown to follow the 3?2 power. It gradually changes to the Coulomb law outside of a hypercritical core whose radius is proportional to the external charge.

M. M. Fogler; D. S. Novikov; B. I. Shklovskii

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

208

Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

based on the distance from the charger to the nearest electric distribution system transformer, host site requirements for underground wiring, and Americans with Disabilities Act...

209

Societal Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's 1999 electric-utility restructuring legislation created a "societal benefits charge" (SBC) to support investments in energy efficiency and "Class I" renewable energy. The SBC funds New Jersey's Clean Energy Program (NJCEP), a statewide initiative administered by the

210

Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Calculation Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Calculation Table Updated: October 6, 2014 FY 2016 September 2014 CRC Calculation Table (pdf) Final FY 2015 CRC Letter & Table (pdf) Note: The Cost...

211

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: ABB, Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ABB is a global power and automation leader dedicated to energy efficiency solutions and smart grid technology. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: June 10, 2013...

212

Microscopy charges ahead | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microscopy charges ahead By Jared Sagoff * May 28, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Ferroelectric materials - substances in which there is a slight and reversible shift of...

213

Install Electric Vehicle Charging at Work  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Employers who install workplace charging for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) demonstrate leadership, show a willingness to adopt advanced technology, and increase consumer exposure and access to...

214

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

States are parked at overnight locations with access to plugs, providing a great foundation for the country's plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging infrastructure. However,...

215

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Schneider Electric | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schneider Electric Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Schneider Electric As a global specialist in energy management with operations in more than 100 countries, Schneider...

216

EV Project: Solar-Assisted Charging Demo  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Melissa Lapsa 2014 DOE Vehicle Technologies Office Review Presentation EV Project - Solar- Assisted Charging Demo VSS138 2014 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

217

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

insurance, group benefits and mutual funds. In 2011, The Hartford installed 6 charging stations at its three main campuses in Hartford, Simsbury and Windsor, Connecticut, for a...

218

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop Introduction Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and...

219

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Grid Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid As a leading international electricity and gas company, National Grid is committed to creating new, sustainable energy...

220

Workplace Charging Challenge Progress Update 2014: Employers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Atlanta Leading the Charge 9 200 Market Associates 3M ABB Advanced Micro Devices Advocate Health Care AeroVironment Alameda County, CA Arkansas Power Electronics Inc Atlanta...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(PEV) and installing a charging station has expanded JLA Public Involvement's sustainability efforts and allowed them to achieve Gold certification in the City of Portland's...

222

Long-term Framework for Electricity Distribution Access Charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the entrant. In some regions, like PJM in the US, the transmission expansion required to accommodate large power plants is of the same scale as the power plants. In such cases, deep connection charges avoid most of the problems facing... - as the change in the net present worth of future investment due to new entry. Our report argues that the old Electricity Association (EA) methodology has serious shortcomings. First, it is based on an ideal or virtual network using currently available best...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Neuhoff, Karsten; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

223

Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey and Guidelines Title Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey and Guidelines Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2000 Authors Schiller, Steven R., Charles A. Goldman, and Brian Henderson Pagination 20 Date Published 08/2000 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract This paper discusses the evolution of performance contracting programs that are included in energy efficiency activities supported by Public Benefit Charge (PBC) funds. Between 1998 and 2002, on the order of $400 million of ratepayer funds are or expected to be committed for these programs in California, Colorado, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin. We summarize several programs that encourage performance-based contracting either through standard performance contracting (e.g., California, New York and Texas), demandside bidding (Colorado) or contractor support programs (Wisconsin). The programs are selected in part to illustrate differing program objectives as well as the relationship between goals and program design. Our major findings and recommendations are:

224

Space charge modeling of dense electron beams with large energy spreads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Theoretical and numerical studies of the transport in vacuum of multi-nC, multi-MeV electron beams are performed using several methods, including envelope models, a novel semianalytic approach using ellipsoidal shell decomposition, a modified electrostatic particle-in-cell method, and a point-to-point interaction model. The effects of space-charge forces on the longitudinal and transverse bunch properties are evaluated for various bunch lengths, energies, energy spreads, and charges. An evaluation of the various methods for studying space-charge effects in large energy spread, high charge beams is summarized. Examples are given for beam distributions typical of those generated by plasma-based accelerators. It is found that, for the highly correlated beams produced in the self-modulated regime, the high energy portion of the beam can gain significant energy while propagating in vacuum due to space-charge effects.

G. Fubiani; J. Qiang; E. Esarey; W. P. Leemans; G. Dugan

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

225

Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low Abstract--We propose decentralized algorithms for optimally scheduling electric vehicle (EV) charging. The algorithms exploit the elasticity and controllability of electric vehicle loads in order to fill the valleys

Low, Steven H.

226

Charged Higgs boson searches at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the latest results from searches for singly charged Higgs bosons carried out by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC. Both experiments have searched for production of charged Higgs bosons in pp collisions of up to 20 (5) fb^-

Chakraborty, Dhiman; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity This course starts with the introduction of concepts related to just electricity: charge, electric field, electric potential energy, conservation of electric energy, etc. Notice that latter terms sound already very familiar to what you have learned in PH

228

Magnetic Charge and Quantum Field Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantum field theory of magnetic and electric charge is constructed. It is verified to be relativistically invariant in consequence of the charge quantization condition eg?c=n, an integer. This is more restrictive than Dirac's condition, which would also allow half-integral values.

Julian Schwinger

1966-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

229

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Canada, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.bchydro.com/etc/medialib/internet/documents/environment/EVcharging A major component of winning public acceptance for plug-in vehicles is the streamlining of the private electric vehicle charging or supply equipment permitting and installation process as well as the public and commercial availability of charging locations. These guidelines are intended to anticipate the questions and requirements to ensure customer satisfaction.

230

the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted a resolution that not only accepted a long-term strat-egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral application of EU legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of atmospheric pollution, airliners cross many borders and fly through many regula- tory jurisdictions a long-term strat- egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral-standing disagreement between in- dustrialized and developing countries about preventing climate change. Secondly

Sibille, Etienne

231

On-line Decentralized Charging of Plug-In Electric Vehicles in Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) are gaining increasing popularity in recent years, due to the growing societal awareness of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the dependence on foreign oil or petroleum. Large-scale implementation of PEVs in the power system currently faces many challenges. One particular concern is that the PEV charging can potentially cause significant impact on the existing power distribution system, due to the increase in peak load. As such, this work tries to mitigate the PEV charging impact by proposing a decentralized smart PEV charging algorithm to minimize the distribution system load variance, so that a 'flat' total load profile can be obtained. The charging algorithm is on-line, in that it controls the PEV charging processes in each time slot based entirely on the current power system state. Thus, compared to other forecast based smart charging approaches in the literature, the charging algorithm is robust against various uncertainties in the power system, such as random PE...

Li, Qiao; Negi, Rohit; Franchetti, Franz; Ilic, Marija D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors

233

The electric charge and magnetic moment of neutral fundamental particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article focuses on the issue of the two definitions of charge, mainly the gauge charge and the effective charge of fundamental particles. Most textbooks on classical electromagnetism and quantum field theory only works with the gauge charges while the concept of the induced charge remains unattended. In this article it has been shown that for intrinsically charged particles both of the charges remain the same but there can be situations where an electrically neutral particle picks up some electrical charge from its plasma surrounding. The physical origin and the scope of application of the induced charge concept has been briefly discussed in the article.

Kaushik Bhattacharya

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

234

Questions and Answers - What is the charge of an up quark and the charge of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What kinds of quarks are inprotons and neutrons? What kinds of quarks are in<br>protons and neutrons? Previous Question (What kinds of quarks are in protons and neutrons?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Are quarks confineable for study?) Are quarks confineable for study? What is the charge of an up quark and the charge of a down quark? How many quarks make up a proton and a neutron? Protons and neutrons are each composed of three quarks. Protons are made up of two 'up' quarks and one 'down' quark while neutrons are made up of two 'down' quarks and one 'up' quark. Quarks carry fractional electrical charges. An 'up' quark has a charge of +2/3 and a 'down' quark has a charge of -1/3. Is this consistent with what we know about protons and neutrons? Remember that protons carry an electrical charge of +1 while neutrons carry no electrical charge. We said

235

A Graphene Quantum Dot with a Single Electron Transistor as Integrated Charge Sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed an etching process to fabricate a quantum dot and a nearby single electron transistor as a charge detector in a single layer graphene. The high charge sensitivity of the detector is used to probe Coulomb diamonds as well as excited spectrum in the dot, even in the regime where the current through the quantum dot is too small to be measured by conventional transport means. The graphene based quantum dot and integrated charge sensor serve as an essential building block to form a solid-state qubit in a nuclear-spin-free quantum world.

Ling-Jun Wang; Gang Cao; Tao Tu; Hai-Ou Li; Cheng Zhou; Xiao-Jie Hao; Zhan Su; Guang-Can Guo; Guo-Ping Guo; Hong-Wen Jiang

2010-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

236

Performance comparison of thermal energy storage oils for solar cookers during charging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Charging experiments to evaluate the thermal performance of three thermal energy storage oils for solar cookers are presented. An experimental setup using an insulated 20 L storage tank is used to perform the experiments. The three thermal oils evaluated are Sunflower Oil, Shell Thermia C and Shell Thermia B. Energy and exergy based thermal performance parameters are evaluated. A new parameter, the exergy factor, is proposed which evaluates the ratio of the exergy content to the energy content. Sunflower Oil performs better than the other thermal oils under high power charging. Thermal performances of the oils are comparable under low power charging.

Ashmore Mawire; Abigail Phori; Simeon Taole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Boson effective charges for light Se, Kr, and Sr isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A consistent analysis of E2 transition probabilities for nine neutron-deficient even-even Se, Kr, and Sr isotopes has been performed, based on previous parametrizations for these nuclei within the proton-neutron interacting-boson model, from which boson effective charges e? and e? are deduced. Two sets of effective charges are obtained, one set having e??e? for most of the nuclei studied, and the other set having e? substantially larger than e? for most of the nuclei. For both sets, e? tends to decrease with increasing neutron number, while e? is roughly constant. More information on mixed-symmetry states is needed to determine which set is valid.

A. F. Barfield and K. P. Lieb

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Single molecule detection using charge-coupled device array technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique for the detection of single fluorescent chromophores in a flowing stream is under development. This capability is an integral facet of a rapid DNA sequencing scheme currently being developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory. In previous investigations, the detection sensitivity was limited by the background Raman emission from the water solvent. A detection scheme based on a novel mode of operating a Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) is being developed which should greatly enhance the discrimination between fluorescence from a single molecule and the background Raman scattering from the solvent. Register shifts between rows in the CCD are synchronized with the sample flow velocity so that fluorescence from a single molecule is collected in a single moving charge packet occupying an area approaching that of a single pixel while the background is spread evenly among a large number of pixels. Feasibility calculations indicate that single molecule detection should be achieved with an excellent signal-to-noise ratio.

Denton, M.B.

1992-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

239

Charging of Dust Grains in a Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charging of micron-sized dust grains in a plasma has been investigated experimentally. Dust grains were dispersed into a fully ionized, steady-state, magnetized plasma column consisting of electrons and K+ ions, both at a temperature of ?0.2 eV. Langmuir probe measurements were used to determine how the negative charge in the plasma is divided between free electrons and dust grains. By varying the ratio d?D between the intergrain spacing and the plasma Debye length, the predicted reduction in the grain charge for the case of "closely packed" grains d?D<1 has been demonstrated experimentally.

A. Barkan; N. D'Angelo; R. L. Merlino

1994-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

240

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures Improved Refrigerant Charge Purpose Component packages require in some climate zones that split system air refrigerant charge. For the performance method, the proposed design is modeled with less efficiency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

An Evaluation of Superheat-Based Refrigerant Charge Diagnostics for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of residential cooling systems with fixed orifice metering devices, there has been little research to quantify temperature with a high degree of accuracy. Measurement of the wet bulb temperature in the return plenum showed a similar pattern for EER degradation. Laboratory test data indicate that some short-tube-orifice

242

Charging for ATM-based IP Multicast Services Georg Carle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Burkhard Stiller Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory, TIK Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zürich Switzerland Phone: +41 1 632 [7017 | 7016] Fax: +41 1 632 1035 E-Mail: [gfa | stiller

Carle, Georg

243

Microstructure and charge carrier transport in phthalocyanine based semiconductor blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the field of organic photovoltaics: Yu et al. reported a polymeric solar cell with an interpenetrating donor. The application of distributed interfaces in organic solar cells has the advantage that excitons can efficiently comprises ambipolar field-effect transistors as well as organic photovoltaic cells. Structural, optical

Schreiber, Frank

244

10Charge Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10Charge Inc 10Charge Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name 10Charge Inc Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75001 Product Developer of patented technology for faster battery charging time which also extends battery lifetime. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

245

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

246

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Hillsboro  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The City of Hillsboro is proud to offer plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging for employees, its fleets, and the public at multiple locations in the downtown area. Beginning in 2009, the City has...

247

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or...

248

Charged track multiplicity in B meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used the CLEO II detector to study the multiplicity of charged particles in the decays of B mesons produced at the ?(4S) resonance. Using a sample of 1.5×106 B meson pairs, we find the mean inclusive charged particle multiplicity to be 10.71±0.02-0.15+0.21 for the decay of the pair. This corresponds to a mean multiplicity of 5.36±0.01-0.08+0.11 for a single B meson. Using the same data sample, we have also extracted the mean multiplicities in semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. We measure a mean of 7.82±0.05-0.19+0.21 charged particles per BB¯ decay when both mesons decay semileptonically. When neither B meson decays semileptonically, we measure a mean charged particle multiplicity of 11.62±0.04-0.18+0.24 per BB¯ pair.

G. Brandenburg et al. (CLEO Collaboration)

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system...

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

Congestion control in charging of electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increasing penetration of electric vehicles over the coming decades, taken together with the high cost to upgrade local distribution networks, and consumer demand for home charging, suggest that managing congestion on low voltage networks will be a crucial component of the electric vehicle revolution and the move away from fossil fuels in transportation. Here, we model the max-flow and proportional fairness protocols for the control of congestion caused by a fleet of vehicles charging on distribution networks. We analyse the inequality in the charging times as the vehicle arrival rate increases, and show that charging times are considerably more uneven in max-flow than in proportional fairness. We also analyse the onset of instability, and find that the critical arrival rate is indistinguishable between the two protocols.

Carvalho, Rui; Gibbens, Richard; Kelly, Frank

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Duality and ?N charge-exchange data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A previous analysis of ?-p charge-exchange data, using the two-component duality hypothesis and fixed-t dispersion relations, is updated to include recent polarization measurements and high-statistics differential cross sections.

R. C. E. Devenish and B. R. Martin

1974-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Join the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Workplace Charging Challenge is open to employers of all sizes and industry types in the United States. Taking the Challenge offers benefits to employers who are...

253

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Samsung Electronics demonstrated an early commitment to plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging when it installed 2 EVSEs at its Rancho Dominguez, CA office in 2011. The company is committed to...

254

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Prairie State College  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

As part of Prairie State College's sustainability initiatives, the college installed two Level 2 plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations that are available for employee, student and...

255

Weak Charge of 133 Walter Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic PNC and the Weak Charge of 133 Cs Walter Johnson Department of Physics Notre Dame University http://www.nd.edu/johnson June 21, 2002 Abstract Atomic PNC measurements and calculations are reviewed

Johnson, Walter R.

256

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Avista Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Avista Utilities is committed to effective support for plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption in its service territories. Avista installed two stations for a total of four charging outlets for...

257

Spontaneous emission in a silicon charge qubit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction between a qubit and its environment provides a channel for energy relaxation which has an energy-dependent timescale governed by the specific coupling mechanism. We measure the rate of inelastic decay in a Si MOS double quantum dot (DQD) charge qubit through sensing the charge state's response to non-adiabatic driving of its excited state population. The charge distribution is sensed remotely in the weak measurement regime. We extract emission rates down to kHz frequencies by measuring the variation of the non-equilibrium charge occupancy as a function of amplitude and dwell times between non-adiabatic pulses. Our measurement of the energy-dependent relaxation rate provides a fingerprint of the relaxation mechanism, indicating that relaxation rates for this Si MOS DQD are consistent with coupling to deformation acoustic phonons.

Khoi T. Nguyen; N. Tobias Jacobson; Michael P. Lilly; Nathaniel C. Bishop; Erik Nielsen; Joel R. Wendt; J. Dominguez; T. Pluym; Malcolm S. Carroll

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

258

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

lynda.com demonstrates an ongoing commitment to its employees and to sustainability through its participation in the U.S. Department of Energy's Workplace Charging Challenge. The company offers...

259

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Lawrence Berkeley National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

has made plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) readiness a major focus of its site sustainability strategy. The laboratory began PEV charging for employees on a modest scale in May...

260

EV Everywhere - Charge to Breakout Sessions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Charge to Breakout Sessions Steven Boyd Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy steven.boyd@doe.gov July 24, 2012 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

262

System Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

System Benefits Charge System Benefits Charge System Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Schools Utility Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire's 1996 electric-industry restructuring legislation authorized the creation of a system benefits charge (SBC) to support energy-efficiency programs and energy-assistance programs for low-income residents. The efficiency fund, which took effect in 2002, is funded by a non-bypassable surcharge of 1.8 mills per kilowatt-hour ($0.0018/kWh) on electric bills. A separate surcharge of 1.5 mills per kWh ($0.0015/kWh) supports low-income energy assistance programs. Approximately $19 million is collected annually to support the efficiency fund, although the annual sum collected has

263

Robust statistical reconstruction for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for charged particle detection including statistical reconstruction of object volume scattering density profiles from charged particle tomographic data to determine the probability distribution of charged particle scattering using a statistical multiple scattering model and determine a substantially maximum likelihood estimate of object volume scattering density using expectation maximization (ML/EM) algorithm to reconstruct the object volume scattering density. The presence of and/or type of object occupying the volume of interest can be identified from the reconstructed volume scattering density profile. The charged particle tomographic data can be cosmic ray muon tomographic data from a muon tracker for scanning packages, containers, vehicles or cargo. The method can be implemented using a computer program which is executable on a computer.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

264

Energetics of protein charge transfer and photosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetics of protein charge transfer and photosynthesis Dmitry Matyushov Arizona State scheme is to snap a proton from solution! #12; Bacterial photosynthesis e 0.25 eV lost in two

Matyushov, Dmitry

265

Muonic atoms with extreme nuclear charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bound muons (also pions, kaons, etc) increase the fission barrier and produce some stabilizing effects for highly charged nuclei. If the binding energy of the muon exceeds $mc^2$, it becomes stable. The $1s$ state of a muon inside an exotic nucleus with atomic number $A= 5Z/2$ and such large charge $Z$ that the $1s$ energy $E$ is in the range $0\\le E<-mc^2$ is considered.

V. V. Flambaum; W. R. Johnson

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

12 - Single-charge transport in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The single-charge tunneling behavior in graphene devices is reviewed and the Coulomb blockade phenomena observed in graphene constrictions, patterned single-electron transistors and graphene nanoribbons are compared with those observed in the conventional single-electron transistors with metallic islands. The phenomena that occur when compressible quantum dots are formed in graphene in the quantum Hall regime, including mesoscopic conductance fluctuations resulting from single-charge tunneling into/out of the quantum dots, are discussed.

D.S. Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Charged Vortices in High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is argued that in the mixed state of a type II superconductor, because of the difference of the chemical potential in a superconducting versus normal state, the vortex cores may become charged. The extra electron density is estimated. The extra charge contributes to the dynamics of the vortices; in particular, it can explain in certain cases the change of the sign of the Hall coefficient below Tc frequently observed in the high temperature superconductors.

D. I. Khomskii and A. Freimuth

1995-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

269

Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion...

270

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Department of...

271

Smart Frequency-Sensing Charge Controller for Electric Vehicles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

licensing:System uses frequency-sensing charge controllers that provide automatic demand response and regulation service to the grid by reducing or turning the charging load...

272

Fact #717: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

7: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations Has Increased Dramatically in Recent Years Fact 717: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations Has...

273

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge page has moved to http://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/ev-everywhere-workplace-charging-challenge.

274

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: FCA US LLC | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: January 31, 2013 Headquarters: Auburn Hills, MI Charging Locations: Auburn Hills, MI Domestic Employees: 44,000 Meet Challenge Partners...

275

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Chrysler Group LLC | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: January 31, 2013 Headquarters: Auburn Hills, MI Charging Locations: Auburn Hills, MI Domestic Employees: 44,000 More Partners See All...

276

AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries...

277

AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

278

AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

279

AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

280

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

all days Percentage of charging units connected on single calendar day with peak electricity demand Charging Demand: Range of Aggregate Electricity Demand versus Time of Day...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Where do Chevrolet Volt drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates where Chevy Volt drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at home, work, or some other location.

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

D-branes, Wilson Bags, and Coherent Topological Charge Structure in QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monte Carlo studies of pure glue SU(3) gauge theory using the overlap-based topological charge operator have revealed a laminar structure in the QCD vacuum consisting of extended, thin, coherent, locally 3-dimensional sheets of topological charge embedded in 4D space, with opposite sign sheets interleaved. Studies of localization properties of Dirac eigenmodes have also shown evidence for the delocalization of low-lying modes on effectively 3-dimensional surfaces. In this talk, I review some theoretical ideas which suggest the possibility of 3-dimensionally coherent topological charge structure in 4-dimensional gauge theory and provide a possible interpretation of the observed structure. I begin with Luscher's ``Wilson bag'' integral over the 3-index Chern-Simons tensor. The analogy with a Wilson loop as a charged world line in 2-dimensional $CP^{N-1}$ sigma models suggests that the Wilson bag surface represents the world volume of a physical membrane. The large-N chiral Lagrangian arguments of Witten also indicate the existence of multiple ``k-vacuum'' states with discontinuous transitions between k-vacua at $\\theta=$ odd multiples of $\\pi$. The domain walls between these vacua have the properties of a Wilson bag surface. Finally, I review the AdS/CFT duality view of $\\theta$ dependence in QCD. The dual realtionship between topological charge in gauge theory and Ramond-Ramond charge in type IIA string theory suggests that the coherent topological charge sheets observed on the lattice are the holographic image of wrapped D6 branes.

H. B. Thacker

2006-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Study of Lead-Acid Battery Efficiency Near Top-of-Charge  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

the details of charge efficiency versus state of charge for the specific battery under test. Specific charge versus state of charge information is particularly important for...

285

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines that establish criteria for exclusions from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year, any Federal building or collection of Federal buildings, within the statutory framework provided by the law. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify and explicate, as necessary, the statutory

286

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines that establish criteria for exclusions from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year, any Federal building or collection of Federal buildings, within the statutory framework provided by the law. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify and explicate, as necessary, the statutory

287

CHARGED POINT DEFECT IN RUTILE TIO2:FROM DEFECT CHARGE DISTRIBUTION TO DEFECT PHONON FREE ENERGY.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The dominant charged point defects in transition metal oxides can change with temperature (T) and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) to control the electrical properties of… (more)

Li, Xin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Search for a Vectorlike Quark with Charge 2/3 in t+Z Events from pp Collisions at sqrt[s]=7??TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for pair-produced heavy vector-like charge-2/3 quarks, T, in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, is performed with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events consistent with the flavor-changing-neutral-current decay of a T quark to a top quark and a Z boson are selected by requiring two leptons from the Z-boson decay, as well as an additional isolated charged lepton. In a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.14 inverse femtobarns, the number of observed events is found to be consistent with the standard model background prediction. Assuming a branching fraction of 100% for the decay T to tZ, a T quark with a mass less than 475 GeV/c^2 is excluded at the 95% confidence level.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Emission of Electromagnetic Radiation from Charges Accelerated by Gravitational Waves and its Astrophysical Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide calculations and theoretical arguments supporting the emission of electromagnetic radiation from charged particles accelerated by gravitational waves (GWs). These waves have significant indirect evidence to support their existence, yet they interact weakly with ordinary matter. We show that the induced oscillations of charged particles interacting with a GW, which lead to the emission of electromagnetic radiation, will also result in wave attenuation. These ideas are supported by a small body of literature, as well as additional arguments for particle acceleration based on GW memory effects. We derive order of magnitude power calculations for various initial charge distributions accelerated by GWs. The resulting power emission is extremely small for all but very strong GWs interacting with large quantities of charge. If the results here are confirmed and supplemented, significant consequences such as attenuation of early universe GWs could result. Additionally, this effect could extend GW detection...

Revalski, Mitchell; Wickramasinghe, Thulsi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Effect of Size Polydispersity on Melting of Charged Colloidal Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce simple prescriptions of the Yukawa potential to describe the effect of size polydispersity and macroion shielding effect in charged colloidal systems. The solid-liquid phase boundaries were presented with the Lindemann criterion based on molecular dynamics simulations. Compared with the Robbins-Kremer-Grest simulation results, a deviation of melting line is observed at small $\\lambda$, which means large macroion screening length. This deviation of phase boundary is qualitatively consistent with the simulation result of the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann equation with full many-body interactions. It is found that this deviation of the solid-liquid phase behaviour is sensitive to the screening parameter.

Yong Chen

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

ECR plasma source for heavy ion beam charge neutralization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resonance. Keywords: Plasma focus; RF plasma; Beam charge neutralization 1. INTRODUCTION A possible heavy

Gilson, Erik

292

Ultrafast charge separation in organic photovoltaics enhanced by charge delocalization and vibronically hot exciton dissociation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In organic photovoltaics, the mechanism by which free electrons and holes are generated overcoming the Coulomb attraction is a currently much debated topic. To elucidate this mechanism at a molecular level, we carried out a combined electronic structure and quantum dynamical analysis that captures the elementary events from the exciton dissociation to the free carrier generation at polymer/fullerene donor-acceptor heterojunctions. Our calculations show that experimentally observed efficient charge separations can be explained by a combination of two effects: First, the delocalization of charges which substantially reduces the Coulomb barrier, and second, the vibronically hot nature of the charge transfer state which promotes charge dissociation beyond the barrier. These effects facilitate an ultrafast charge separation even at low-band-offset heterojunctions.

Tamura, Hiroyuki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pepco Holdings, Inc. to someone by E-mail Pepco Holdings, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

294

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DTE Energy to someone by E-mail DTE Energy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

295

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ford Motor Company to someone by E-mail Ford Motor Company to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

296

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle (EV) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section...

297

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OSRAM SYLVANIA to someone by E-mail OSRAM SYLVANIA to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources

298

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Grid to someone by E-mail National Grid to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

299

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hartford to someone by E-mail Hartford to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

300

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Verizon to someone by E-mail Verizon to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facebook to someone by E-mail Facebook to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

302

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dell Inc. to someone by E-mail Dell Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

303

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Eli Lilly to someone by E-mail Eli Lilly to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

304

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sacramento to someone by E-mail Sacramento to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners

305

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Samsung Electronics to someone by E-mail Samsung Electronics to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

306

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development

307

EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace January 31, 2013 - 1:45pm Addthis As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S.| Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging

308

Impact of Charge Degradation on the Life Cycle Climate Performance of a Residential Air-Conditioning System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vapor compression systems continuously leak a small fraction of their refrigerant charge to the environment, whether during operation or servicing. As a result of the slow leak rate occurring during operation, the refrigerant charge decreases until the system is serviced and recharged. This charge degradation, after a certain limit, begins to have a detrimental effect on system capacity, energy consumption, and coefficient of performance (COP). This paper presents a literature review and a summary of previous experimental work on the effect of undercharging or charge degradation of different vapor compression systems, especially those without a receiver. These systems include residential air conditioning and heat pump systems utilizing different components and refrigerants, and water chiller systems. Most of these studies show similar trends for the effect of charge degradation on system performance. However, it is found that although much experimental work exists on the effect of charge degradation on system performance, no correlation or comparison between charge degradation and system performance yet exists. Thus, based on the literature review, three different correlations that characterize the effect of charge on system capacity and energy consumption are developed for different systems as follows: one for air-conditioning systems, one for vapor compression water-to-water chiller systems, and one for heat pumps. These correlations can be implemented in vapor compression cycle simulation tools to obtain a better prediction of the system performance throughout its lifetime. In this paper, these correlations are implemented in an open source tool for life cycle climate performance (LCCP) based design of vapor compression systems. The LCCP of a residential air-source heat pump is evaluated using the tool and the effect of charge degradation on the results is studied. The heat pump is simulated using a validated component-based vapor compression system model and the LCCP results obtained using the three charge degradation correlations are compared.

Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Fractional electric charge and quark confinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Owing to their fractional electric charges, quarks are blind to transformations that combine a color center phase with an appropriate electromagnetic one. Such transformations are part of a global $Z_6$-like center symmetry of the Standard Model that is lost when quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is treated as an isolated theory. This symmetry and the corresponding topological defects may be relevant to non-perturbative phenomena such as quark confinement, much like center symmetry and ordinary center vortices are in pure SU($N$) gauge theories. Here we report on our investigations of an analogous symmetry in a 2-color model with dynamical Wilson quarks carrying half-integer electric charge.

Sam R. Edwards; André Sternbeck; Lorenz von Smekal

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

310

Transport in Charged Colloids Driven by Thermoelectricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermal diffusion coefficient DT of a charged colloid in a temperature gradient, and find that it is to a large extent determined by the thermoelectric response of the electrolyte solution. The thermally induced salinity gradient leads in general to a strong increase with temperature. The difference of the heat of transport of coions and counterions gives rise to a thermoelectric field that drives the colloid to the cold or to the warm, depending on the sign of its charge. Our results provide an explanation for recent experimental findings on thermophoresis in colloidal suspensions.

Alois Würger

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

Josephson oscillations of charge density waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of charge density waves in solids was originally proposed as a possible mechanism for superconductivity by Froehlich. Although the experimentally discovered materials with charge density waves (CDW)s are found to have finite resistivity as a result of impurity pinning, they nevertheless reveal many interesting features including motion which is analogous to a resistively shunted Josephson junction of superconductors. The noise spectrum of CDW systems is reviewed with particular emphasis on interactions with normal as well as magnetic impurities. Future prospects for observing an amplitude variation of the noise signals induced by a magnetic field are proposed.

Ruvalds, J.; Tua, P.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Charge-dipole acceleration of polar gas molecules towards charged nanoparticles: involvement in powerful charge-induced catalysis of heterophase chemical reactions and ball lightning phenomenon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In humid air, the substantial charge-dipole attraction and electrostatic acceleration of surrounding water vapour molecules towards charged combustible nanoparticles cause intense electrostatic hydration and preferential oxidation of these nanoparticles ...

Oleg Meshcheryakov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

LSST Charge-Coupled Device Calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The prototype charge-coupled device created at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope must be tested to check its functionality and performance. It was installed into the Calypso telescope in Arizona in November of 2008 for this purpose. Since then it has taken many images of various astronomical objects. By doing photometry on standard stars in these images, we can compare our magnitude results to the known magnitudes of these stars. This comparison allows us to then determine the chip's performance and functional capabilities. Expecting to see first light in 2016, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is an extremely large ground based telescope that anticipates funding and will be built in Chile. Described as 'Wide-Fast-Deep', the LSST will have an unprecedented wide field of view (ten square degrees for surveys), short exposures (fifteen to thirty seconds and still see faint objects), and the largest digital camera in the world. One of the goals hoped to be achieved with this camera is the measurement of dark matter using strong and weak gravitational lensing. Gravitational lensing occurs when a large cluster of galaxies distorts the light from a galaxy behind this cluster. This causes an arc of light to form around the cluster. By measuring the length of this arc, one can calculate how much matter should be present in the cluster. Since the amount that should be present is vastly greater than the amount of visible matter that can be seen, it is postulated that the difference between these two numbers is made up of dark matter. This is a direct way of measuring the amount of dark matter in the universe. Thousands of galaxy clusters will be seen with LSST, allowing precise measurements of strong lensing effects. Weak lensing is a much smaller effect, distorting the shape of galaxies by only a few percent. The scale of LSST will allow these small effects to be measured with a precision unavailable with current smaller surveys. Some of the other uses for the LSST will be cataloging the entire sky, observing exploding supernovae and near Earth objects, and probing into the nature of dark energy. Since the LSST is such a large project, one organization alone cannot build it. Therefore many organizations have come together, each one working on a specific part of the telescope's construction. Here at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) the camera is being designed.

Stout, Tiarra Johannas; /Idaho State U. /SLAC

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

314

LED deep UV source for charge management of gravitational reference sensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proof mass electrical charge management is an important functionality for the ST-7-LTP technology demonstration flight and for LISA. Photoemission for charge control is accomplished by using deep ultraviolet (UV) light to excite photoelectron emission from an Au alloy. The conventional UV source is a mercury vapour lamp. We propose and demonstrate charge management using a deep UV light emitting diode (LED) source. We have acquired selected AlGaN UV LEDs, characterized their performance and successfully used them to realize charge management. The UV LEDs emit at a 257 nm central wavelength with a bandwidth of ~12 nm. The UV power for a free-space LED is ~120 µW, and after fibre coupling is ~16 µW, more than sufficient for LISA applications. We have directly observed the LED UV light-induced photocurrent response from an Au photocathode and an Au-coated GRS/ST-7 proof mass. We demonstrated fast switching of UV LEDs and associated fast changes in photocurrent. This allows modulation and continuous discharge to meet stringent LISA disturbance reduction requirements. We propose and demonstrate AC charge management outside the gravitational wave signal band. Further, the megahertz bandwidth for UV LED switching allows for up to six orders of magnitude dynamic power range and a number of novel modes of operations. The UV LED based charge management system offers the advantages of small-size, lightweight, fibre-coupled operation with very low power consumption.

Ke-Xun Sun; Brett Allard; Saps Buchman; Scott Williams; Robert L Byer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Charged Q-balls and boson stars and dynamics of charged test particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct electrically charged Q-balls and boson stars in a model with a scalar self-interaction potential resulting from gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking. We discuss the properties of these solutions in detail and emphasize the differences to the uncharged case. We observe that Q-balls can only be constructed up to a maximal value of the charge of the scalar field, while for boson stars the interplay between the attractive gravitational force and the repulsive electromagnetic force determines their behaviour. We find that the vacuum is stable with respect to pair production in the presence of our charged boson stars. We also study the motion of charged, massive test particles in the space-time of boson stars. We find that in contrast to charged black holes the motion of charged test particles in charged boson star space-times is planar, but that the presence of the scalar field plays a crucial role for the qualitative features of the trajectories. Applications of this test particle motion can be made in the study of extreme-mass ratio inspirals (EMRIs) as well as astrophysical plasmas relevant e.g. in the formation of accretion discs and polar jets of compact objects.

Yves Brihaye; Valeria Diemer; Betti Hartmann

2014-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

316

Electric Charge Quantization in SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basing on the general photon eigenstate and the anomaly cancelation, we have naturally explained the electric charge quantization in two models based on the SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X gauge group, namely in the minimal model and in the model with right-handed neutrinos. In addition, we have shown that the electric charges of the proton and of the electron are opposite; and the same happens with the neutron and the neutrino. We argue that the electric charge quantization is not dependent on the classical constraints on generating mass to the fermions, but it is related closely with the generation number problem. In fact, both problems are properly solved as the direct consequences of the fermion content under the anomaly free conditions.

Phung Van Dong; Hoang Ngoc Long

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

317

Geodesic study of a charged black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of the timelike and null geodesics of charged E. Ay$\\acute{o}$n-Beato and A. Garcia (ABG) black hole are investigated. For circular and radial geodesics, we investigate all the possible motions by plotting the effective potentials for different parameters. In conclusion, we have shown that there is no phenomenon of \\textit{superradiance} in this case.

Mehedi Kalam; Nur Farhad; Sk. Monowar Hossein

2013-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

318

Solar Energy for Charging Fork Truck Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this price decrease in mind and does an economic study on the feasibility of using photovoltaic cells to charge electric fork lift trucks, at different costs per peak watt. This particular idea could be used as a measure of energy conservation for industrial...

Viljoen, T. A.; Turner, W. C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

M. Blagojevi? and B. Cvetkovi?

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

320

CP and charge asymmetries at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present CDF results on the branching fractions and time-integrated direct CP asymmetries for B0 and B0s decay modes into pairs of charmless charged hadrons (pions or kaons). We report also the first observation of B0s->DsK mode and the measurement of its branching fraction.

Morello, Michael; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Interaction of Gravitational Waves with Charged Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown here that a cloud of charged particles could in principle absorb energy from gravitational waves (GWs) incident upon it, resulting in wave attenuation. This could in turn have implications for the interpretation of future data from early universe GWs.

Wickramasinghe, Thulsi; Revalski, Mitchell

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

R. E. Johnson Energetic ChargedParticle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. E. Johnson Energetic Charged­Particle Interactions with Atmospheres and Surfaces SPIN SpringerKong London Milan Paris Tokyo #12; #12; This book is dedicated to Ted and Elsie Johnson #12; #12; Preface, and a period of time with the group at Catania. January 2006 R.E. Johnson, #12; #12; Contents Part I Part Title

Johnson, Robert E.

323

Charge Noise in Graphene Transistors Iddo Heller,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge Noise in Graphene Transistors Iddo Heller,,§ Sohail Chatoor, Jaan Ma¨nnik, Marcel A. G an experimental study of 1/f noise in liquid-gated graphene transistors. We show that the gate dependence to the graphene, while at high carrier density it is consistent with noise due to scattering in the channel

Dekker, Cees

324

Pion double charge exchange and hadron dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will review theoretical results to show how pion double charge exchange is contributing to our understanding of hadron dynamics in nuclei. The exploitation of the nucleus as a filter is shown to be essential in facilitating the comparison between theory and experiment. 23 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Johnson, M.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

Blagojevic, M.; Cvetkovic, B. [University of Belgrade, Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge) The Task Force will advise the Chancellor and Campus Provost/Executive Vice Chancellor (CP/EVC) on current and past water use and provide recommendations on implementation of policies for potable water use reductions in support of The Regents Policy on Sustainable

California at Santa Cruz, University of

327

Semiconductor heterojunction band offsets and charge neutrality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on semi- conductors A and B like Figure 3. 1, and commutativity of semiconductors A and B, i. e. , DEs(A ? B) = DE?(B ? A). (3. 33) We predict the charge neutrality levels &b, 4is and 4i, might align in semiconductors A, B and C as shown in Figure 3...

Lee, Chomsik

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

328

Three-dimensional charge coupled device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic three dimensional charged coupled device (3D-CCD) which utilizes the entire bulk of the semiconductor for charge generation, storage, and transfer. The 3D-CCD provides a vast improvement of current CCD architectures that use only the surface of the semiconductor substrate. The 3D-CCD is capable of developing a strong E-field throughout the depth of the semiconductor by using deep (buried) parallel (bulk) electrodes in the substrate material. Using backside illumination, the 3D-CCD architecture enables a single device to image photon energies from the visible, to the ultra-violet and soft x-ray, and out to higher energy x-rays of 30 keV and beyond. The buried or bulk electrodes are electrically connected to the surface electrodes, and an E-field parallel to the surface is established with the pixel in which the bulk electrodes are located. This E-field attracts charge to the bulk electrodes independent of depth and confines it within the pixel in which it is generated. Charge diffusion is greatly reduced because the E-field is strong due to the proximity of the bulk electrodes.

Conder, Alan D. (Tracy, CA); Young, Bruce K. F. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Process for fabricating a charge coupled device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic three dimensional charged coupled device (3D-CCD) which utilizes the entire bulk of the semiconductor for charge generation, storage, and transfer. The 3D-CCD provides a vast improvement of current CCD architectures that use only the surface of the semiconductor substrate. The 3D-CCD is capable of developing a strong E-field throughout the depth of the semiconductor by using deep (buried) parallel (bulk) electrodes in the substrate material. Using backside illumination, the 3D-CCD architecture enables a single device to image photon energies from the visible, to the ultra-violet and soft x-ray, and out to higher energy x-rays of 30 keV and beyond. The buried or bulk electrodes are electrically connected to the surface electrodes, and an E-field parallel to the surface is established with the pixel in which the bulk electrodes are located. This E-field attracts charge to the bulk electrodes independent of depth and confines it within the pixel in which it is generated. Charge diffusion is greatly reduced because the E-field is strong due to the proximity of the bulk electrodes.

Conder, Alan D. (Tracy, CA); Young, Bruce K. F. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Charged-particle cross section data for fusion plasma applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cross-section data for fusion plasma calculations are reviewed for three categories: fusion reactions, nuclear elastic and inelastic scattering. While the data base for the basic D-T fuel cycle seems adequate for present purposes, continued refinement appears warranted. Further, increasing emphasis on advanced-fuel fusion introduces requirements for new reaction rate and charged-particle scattering data over a wider range of reacting species (light elements through /sup 11/B) and over a larger energy range (to several MeV). These new needs are discussed along with suggestions for increased emphasis on providing the user with more convenient compilations. In particular, the extension of reactivities (< sigma V) to non-Maxwellian distributions, scattering matrix data, and development of computer based files are noted.

Miley, G.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

EV Charging Stations EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on AddThis.com... March 3, 2012 EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly W atch how Philadelphia fuels electric vehicles with a growing network of

332

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dominion Resources, Inc. to someone by E-mail Dominion Resources, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development

333

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. to someone by E-mail AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on

334

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

JLA Public Involvement to someone by E-mail JLA Public Involvement to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis

335

A Research Into a New Method of Refrigeration Charging and the Effects of Improper Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A RESEARCH INTO A NEW METHOD OF REFRIGERATION CHARGING AND THE EFFECTS OF IMPROPER CHARGING John Houcek Principal The Houcek Company Dallas, Texas Marvin Thedford Supervisor of Technical Services Research rexas Power & Light Company Dallas... conditioning and refrigeration equipment utilizing capillary tube or other fixed-orifice meter- ing devices at other than optimum conditions has long been a seriouri problem. With the advent of high ef- ficiency coo1:lng equipment this problem has become...

Houcek, J.; Thedford, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the ChargePoint AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles.

337

SmartCharge: Cutting the Electricity Bill in Smart Homes with Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SmartCharge: Cutting the Electricity Bill in Smart Homes with Energy Storage Aditya Mishra, David,irwin,shenoy,kurose}@cs.umass.edu Ting Zhu Binghamton University tzhu@binghamton.edu ABSTRACT Market-based electricity pricing provides consumers an op- portunity to lower their electric bill by shifting consump- tion to low price periods

Shenoy, Prashant

338

How solute size and charge influence osmosis James Cannon,, Daejoong Kim, Shigeo Maruyama, and Junichiro Shiomi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is particularly the case for applications such as desalination, where membrane-based reverse-osmosis methods haveHow solute size and charge influence osmosis James Cannon,, Daejoong Kim, Shigeo Maruyama@photon.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; shiomi@photon.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp Abstract Osmosis is fundamental to many processes, such as in the function

Maruyama, Shigeo

339

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Color charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Color charge The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Color charge Color charge Quarks and gluons are color-charged particles. Just as electrically-charged particles interact by exchanging photons in electromagnetic interactions, color-charged particles exchange gluons in strong interactions. When two quarks are close to one another, they exchange gluons and create a very strong color force field that binds the quarks together. The force field gets stronger as the quarks get further apart. Quarks constantly change their color charges as they exchange gluons with other quarks. How does color charge work? There are three color charges and three corresponding anticolor (complementary color) charges. Each quark has one of the three color charges and each antiquark has one of the three anticolor charges. Just as a mix of red, green, and blue light yields white light, in a baryon a combination of "red," "green," and "blue" color charges is color neutral, and in an antibaryon "antired," "antigreen," and "antiblue" is also color neutral. Mesons are color neutral because they carry combinations such as "red" and "antired."

340

Control Strategies for Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Using Renewables and Local Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increase of electric vehicle (EV) and plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle (PHEV) adoption creates a need for more EV supply equipment (EVSE) infrastructure (i.e., EV chargers). The impact of EVSE installations could be significant due to limitations in the electric grid and potential demand charges for residential and commercial customers. The use of renewables (e.g., solar) and local storage (e.g., battery bank) can mitigate loads caused by EVSE on the electric grid. This would eliminate costly upgrades needed by utilities and decrease demand charges for consumers. This paper aims to explore control systems that mitigate the impact of EVSE on the electric grid using solar energy and battery banks. Three control systems are investigated and compared in this study. The first control system discharges the battery bank at a constant rate during specific times of the day based on historical data. The second discharges the battery bank based on the number of EVs charging (linear) and the amount of solar energy being generated. The third discharges the battery bank based on a sigmoid function (non-linear) in response to the number of EVs charging, and also takes into consideration the amount of renewables being generated. The first and second control systems recharge the battery bank at night when demand charges are lowest. The third recharges the battery bank at night and during times of the day when there is an excess of solar. Experiments are conducted using data from a private site that has 25 solar-assisted charging stations at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, TN and 4 at a public site in Nashville, TN. Results indicate the third control system having better performance, negating up to 71% of EVSE load, compared with the second control system (up to 61%) and the first control system (up to 58%).

Castello, Charles C [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Maxey, L Curt [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Charge trapping in imidazolium ionic liquids  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trapping in imidazolium ionic liquids trapping in imidazolium ionic liquids I. A. Shkrob and J. F. Wishart J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 5582-5592 (2009). [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are a promising class of solvents for applications ranging from photovoltaics to solvent extractions. Some of these applications involve the exposure of the ILs to ionizing radiation, which stimulates interest in their radiation and photo- chemistry. In the case of ILs consisting of 1,3-dialkylimidazolium cations and hydrophobic anions, ionization, charge transfer and redox reactions yield charge-trapped species thought to be radicals resulting from neutralization of the constituent ions. Using computational chemistry methods and the recent results on electron spin resonance (ESR) and transient absorption

342

Method and apparatus for charged particle propagation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for propagating charged particles from a vacuum to a higher pressure region. A generator includes an evacuated chamber having a gun for discharging a beam of charged particles such as an electron beam or ion beam. The beam is discharged through a beam exit in the chamber into a higher pressure region. A plasma interface is disposed at the beam exit and includes a plasma channel for bounding a plasma maintainable between a cathode and an anode disposed at opposite ends thereof. The plasma channel is coaxially aligned with the beam exit for propagating the beam from the chamber, through the plasma, and into the higher pressure region. The plasma is effective for pumping down the beam exit for preventing pressure increase in the chamber and provides magnetic focusing of the beam discharged into the higher pressure region 24. 7 figs.

Hershcovitch, A.

1996-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

343

High gradient lens for charged particle beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and devices enable shaping of a charged particle beam. A dynamically adjustable electric lens includes a series of alternating a series of alternating layers of insulators and conductors with a hollow center. The series of alternating layers when stacked together form a high gradient insulator (HGI) tube to allow propagation of the charged particle beam through the hollow center of the HGI tube. A plurality of transmission lines are connected to a plurality of sections of the HGI tube, and one or more voltage sources are provided to supply an adjustable voltage value to each transmission line of the plurality of transmission lines. By changing the voltage values supplied to each section of the HGI tube, any desired electric field can be established across the HGI tube. This way various functionalities including focusing, defocusing, acceleration, deceleration, intensity modulation and others can be effectuated on a time varying basis.

Chen, Yu-Jiuan

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

344

Increasing positive displacement charging pump reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of positive displacement pumps in many PWRs is an integral part of providing reactivity control via the Chemical and Volume Control system. This usually requires the continuous operation of at least one pump, typically with a flow rate of 44 gpm {at} 2,310 psig (167 lpm {at} 160 bar). Some PWRs use multiple pumps, and vary the letdown, while others use variable speed pumps. Regardless, the charging pumps run continuously. With the amount of reciprocating mass, differential pressure, and friction, it is a battle to maintain the pumps in peak operating condition for long periods of time. This paper will show how Entergy Operations` Waterford 3 SES was able to increase the reliability of the positive displacement Charging Pumps. Many different solutions were evaluated, and several adopted. The results are undeniable, as availability has increased and O and M costs have been reduced by 90% over 6 years.

Wade, J.H. III [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Charge Spectrometry for Kr79-Br79  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The distribution in charge of the Br79 atoms formed in the complex electron capture and ?+ decay of radioactive Kr79 has been found to consist of two components; one to be mostly associated with the ?+ transitions, and the other with the electron capture transitions. Because of a difference in instrumental efficiency, the relative intensity of the two components is undetermined in the present work, but if the value of 9.3 is assumed for the total electron-capture/?+ ratio, then the spectrum for the successive charges -1, 0, +1...+13 is as follows (figures in percent): 7.7, 3.7 (estimated), 4.0, 4.7, 12.7, 16.0, 14.3, 13.6, 11.3, 7.7, 3.3, 0.68, 0.13, 0.054, and 0.014, respectively.

Arthur H. Snell; F. Pleasonton; John L. Need

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Charge states of Ca atoms in {beta}-dicalcium silicate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to study the crystal structure of {beta}-bar Ca{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}, time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction experiments were carried out at temperatures between room temperature (RT) and 600 deg. C. Rietveld refinement at RT has shown that {beta}-bar Ca{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} is monoclinic based on P2{sub 1}/n symmetry and two different types of Ca sites, Ca(1) and Ca(2). All interatomic distances within 3A were calculated, with the valences of Ca(1) with seven Ca-O bonds and Ca(2) with eight were estimated to be 1.87+ and 2+ by the Zachariasen-Brown-Altermatt formula (bond valence sum). Applying charge neutrality the two charge states of Ca in {beta}-bar Ca{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} are [Ca(1)SiO{sub 4}]{sup 2-} and Ca(2){sup 2+}, respectively. Furthermore, the [Ca(1)SiO{sub 4}]{sup 2-} unit has the shortest Ca-O distance, and its length kept constant at 2.23A at all temperatures. In the short-range structure analysis at RT, the shortest Ca-O bond was also observed in a radial distribution function. These results imply that the [Ca(1)SiO{sub 4}]{sup 2-} unit has covalency on the shortest Ca-O in addition to Si-O.

Mori, Kazuhiro [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan)]. E-mail: kmori@rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Kiyanagi, Ryoji [Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Yonemura, Masao [Institute of Applied Beam Science, Graduate School of Engineering and Science, Ibaraki University, 4-12-1 Nakanarusawa-cho, Hitach, Ibaraki 316-8511 (Japan); Iwase, Kenji [Department of Materials Structure Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Sato, Takashi [Department of Engineering Physics and Mechanics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Itoh, Keiji [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan); Sugiyama, Masaaki [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan); Kamiyama, Takashi [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Fukunaga, Toshiharu [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 (Japan)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Diagnostic resonant cavity for a charged particle accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a diagnostic resonant cavity for determining characteristics of a charged particle beam, such as an electron beam, produced in a charged particle accelerator. The cavity is based on resonant quadrupole-mode and higher order cavities. Enhanced shunt impedance in such cavities is obtained by the incorporation of a set of four or more electrically conductive rods extending inwardly from either one or both of the end walls of the cavity, so as to form capacitive gaps near the outer radius of the beam tube. For typical diagnostic cavity applications, a five-fold increase in shunt impedance can be obtained. In alternative embodiments the cavity may include either four or more opposing pairs of rods which extend coaxially toward one another from the opposite end walls of the cavity and are spaced from one another to form capacitative gaps; or the cavity may include a single set of individual rods that extend from one end wall to a point adjacent the opposing end wall.

Barov, Nikolai (San Diego, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

348

AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Hasdec DC fast charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

349

Anomaly-induced charges in baryons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that quantum chiral anomaly of QCD in magnetic backgrounds induces a novel structure of electric charge inside baryons. To illustrate the anomaly effect, we employ the Skyrme model for baryons, with the anomaly-induced gauged Wess-Zumino term (\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) E_i B_i. Due to this term, the Skyrmions giving a local pion condensation ((\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) \

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

Winding number versus Chern--Pontryagin charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the usual d dimensional SO(d) gauged Higgs models with $d$-component Higgs fields, the 'energies' of the topologically stable solitons are bounded from below by the Chern-Pontryagin charges. A new class of Higgs models is proposed here, whose 'energies' are stabilised instead by the winding number of the Higgs field itself, with no reference to the gauge group. Consequently, such Higgs models can be gauged by SO(N), with 2 \\le N \\le d.

Tigran Tchrakian

2002-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

Charge breaking bounds in the Zee model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possibility that charge breaking minima occur in the Zee model. We reach very different conclusions from those attained in simpler, two Higgs doublet models, and the reason for this is traced back to the existence of cubic terms in the potential. A scan of the Zee model's parameter space shows that CB is restricted to a narrow region of values of the parameters.

A. Barroso; P. M. Ferreira

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

352

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GM to someone by E-mail GM to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development Plug-in Electric Vehicle Basics Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM

353

Solvent-Mediated Folding of a Doubly Charged Anion. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solvent-Mediated Folding of a Doubly Charged Anion. Solvent-Mediated Folding of a Doubly Charged Anion. Abstract: The microsolvation of suberate dianion, -O2C(CH2)6CO2-, with two...

354

Design and control of photoflash capacitor charging circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops an optimal strategy for charging photoflash capacitors. Photoflash capacitors need to be charged to voltages as high as 350V in low-voltage battery-powered portable devices. With the decreasing size ...

Negrete, Michael G. (Michael George), 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Print Wednesday, 29 October 2008 00:00 Graphene-a single layer...

356

Experimental investigation of induced-charge electro-osmosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the general phenomenon of induced-charge electro-osmosis (ICEO), nonlinear electro-osmotic slip generated when an electric field acts on its own induced charge around a polarizable surface, in the context of ...

Levitan, Jeremy Asher, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014: Session 2, Track A  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

“Workplace charging at leased facilities”: Employers who lease properties face a unique set of challenges when installing charging stations. Since they do not own the facility, they may feel...

358

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: SemaConnect, Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and reduce their carbon footprint. To provide further incentive, employees also enjoy free charging at work where they have access to 8 Level II charging stations in the parking...

359

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions ?-PM12O403- (M Mo, W) in the Gas Phase. Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions ?-PM12O403- (M Mo,...

360

Promote Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Workplace Charging Infrastructure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Drivers of conventional vehicles often learn about plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and charging infrastructure from PEV-driving employees and from employers who support workplace charging. Use the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Charge Transport within a Three-Dimensional DNA Nanostructure...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Transport within a Three-Dimensional DNA Nanostructure Framework Authors: Lu, N., Pei, H., Ge, Z., Simmons, C.R., Yan, H., and Fan, C. Title: Charge Transport within a...

362

Disassembly of hot classical charged drops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The disassembly of hot classical charged drops containing ?230 and 130 particles is studied with the molecular dynamics method. The strength of the Coulomb repulsion is chosen so that these drops have a binding energy formula similar to that of nuclei. The phase diagram of neutral matter, obtained by switching off the Coulomb force, is also similar to that of nuclear matter. In addition to the total-vaporization, fragmentation, and evaporation modes of the disassembly of neutral drops, the charged drops also break by multiple and binary fission. The liquid-gas phase transition plays an important role in the multiple fission of expanding charged liquid drops. There also appears to be a window in the initial conditions in which binary fission followed by a density oscillation is the dominant mode of breakup. The multiple and binary fission breakups are due to the Coulomb forces, and they yield more massive clusters with relatively few small clusters with ?10 particles. The higher energy fragmentation and total vaporization modes are not significantly influenced by the Coulomb forces. They are primarily due to the liquid-gas transition, and their yields decrease almost monotonically with the number of particles in the cluster.

R. J. Lenk and V. R. Pandharipande

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Field theoretic description of charge regulation interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to find the exact form of the electrostatic interaction between two proteins with dissociable charge groups in aqueous solution, we have studied a model system composed of two macroscopic surfaces with charge dissociation sites immersed in a counterion-only ionic solution. Field-theoretic representation of the grand canonical partition function is derived and evaluated within the mean-field approximation, giving the Poisson-Boltzmann theory with the Ninham-Parsegian boundary condition. Gaussian fluctuations around the mean-field are then analyzed in the lowest order correction that we calculate analytically and exactly, using the path integral representation for the partition function of a harmonic oscillator with time-dependent frequency. The first order (one loop) free energy correction gives the interaction free energy that reduces to the zero-frequency van der Waals form in the appropriate limit but in general gives rise to a mono-polar fluctuation term due to charge fluctuation at the dissociation sites. Our formulation opens up the possibility to investigate the Kirkwood-Shumaker interaction in more general contexts where their original derivation fails.

Natasa Adzic; Rudolf Podgornik

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Lithium-Ion Cell: Model, State Of Charge Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eery:Cellbehavior SAFT, "MP176065" Datasheet #12;LithiumionbaEery:Celldegrada+onprofiles ChargingVoltage Discharging

Schenato, Luca

365

Gravity Probe B Gyroscope charge control using field?emission cathodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose and test a method for controlling the charging of the Gravity Probe B(GP?B) electrostatically suspended gyroscopes using electrons generated by field emissioncathodes. The GP?B GyroscopeExperiment is designed to measure for the first time the geodetic and the frame?dragging effects predicted by Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The expected accuracy of ?0.3 marcsec/yr (10?11 deg/h) will allow for a 0.01% measurement of the geodetic effect and a 1% measurement of the frame?dragging effect. Gyroscope charging is caused by cosmic radiation by field emission and by the separation of dissimilar metals. The expected charging rate for the gyroscopes is ?1 nC/yr and consequently above the 50 pC limit dictated by disturbing torque considerations. The present charge control technique is based on ultraviolet photoemission of electrons from both the gyroscope and an auxiliary electrode. Experiments have shown this method to be effective at room temperature in ground testing and calculations indicate that it is suitable for charge control in orbit. As an alternative we demonstrate the use of Spindt?type field emissioncathodes for the control of the positive charges on the gyroscopes by using a 10?000 tip emitter array produced by SRI International. The device requirements are (a) stable and reliable operation over two years at 2 K and 1.5×10?9 Pa (b) average power dissipation in the device of less than 50 ?W (c) peak emission current of 1–100 pA (d) dimensions less than 2 mm (e) magnetization less than 10?8 G (f) electric field at the gyroscope less than 104 V/m. The control of negative charges on the gyroscope is achievable by operating in a regime in which the secondary electron emission coefficient is greater than unity.

Saps Buchman; Theodore Quinn; G. M. Keiser; Dale Gill

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Applied Optics PH454  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices Applied Optics PH454 Spring 2008 Kaliq Mansor #12;Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices The Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Device (EMCCD. EMCCD Technology: Electron Multiplication of the CCD image is performed directly on the CCD chip itself

La Rosa, Andres H.

367

Critical Nuclear Charges for N-Electron Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Critical Nuclear Charges for N-Electron Atoms ALEXEI V. SERGEEV, SABRE KAIS Department of Chemistry is proposed to describe the motion of a loosely bound electron in a multielectron atom when the nuclear charge, which is treated as a continuous parameter, approaches its critical value. The critical nuclear charge

Kais, Sabre

368

Analysis and Design of Charge Pumps for Telecommunication Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Design of Charge Pumps for Telecommunication Applications V.Kalenteridis, K pump circuit blocks. It presents an overview of charge pump topologies in addition to a coherent favorable charge pump combining current steering techniques with well utilized unity gain buffers in a novel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

369

Now Available: Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging Behaviors- Experiences from Six SGIG Projects (December 2014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Under OE's Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) program, six utilities evaluated operations and customer charging behaviors for in-home and public electric vehicle charging stations. The report is now available for downloading.

370

Electromagnetic field of a charge intersecting a cold plasma boundary in a waveguide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the electromagnetic field of a charge crossing a boundary between a vacuum and cold plasma in a waveguide. We obtain exact expressions for the field components and the spectral density of the transition radiation. With the steepest descent technique, we investigate the field components. We show that the electromagnetic field has a different structure in a vacuum than in cold plasma. We also develop an algorithm for the computation of the field based on a certain transformation of the integration path. The behavior of the field depending on distance and time and the spectral density depending on frequency are explored for different charge velocities. Some important physical effects are noted. A considerable increase and concentration of the field near the wave front in the plasma is observed for the case of ultrarelativistic particles. In the plasma, the mode envelopes and spectral density show zero points when the charge velocity is within certain limits.

Alekhina, Tatiana Yu.; Tyukhtin, Andrey V. [Radiophysics Department of St. Petersburg University, 1 Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a triatomic molecular model, we show that the interference pattern in the high-order above-threshold ionization (HATI) spectrum depends dramatically on the charge distribution of the molecular ion. Therefore the charge distribution can be considered a crucial factor for imaging a molecular geometric structure. Based on this study, a general destructive interference formula for each above-threshold ionization channel is obtained for a polyatomic molecule concerning the positions and charge values of each nuclei. Comparisons are made for the HATI spectra of CO{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, NO{sub 2}, and N{sub 2}. These results may shed light on imaging complex molecular structure by the HATI spectrum.

Wang Bingbing; Fu Panming [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Guo Yingchun [Department of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Zhang Bin; Zhao Zengxiu [Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Yan Zongchao [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3 (Canada)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Intelligent energy allocation strategy for PHEV charging station using gravitational search algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent researches towards the use of green technologies to reduce pollution and increase penetration of renewable energy sources in the transportation sector are gaining popularity. The development of the smart grid environment focusing on PHEVs may also heal some of the prevailing grid problems by enabling the implementation of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) concept. Intelligent energy management is an important issue which has already drawn much attention to researchers. Most of these works require formulation of mathematical models which extensively use computational intelligence-based optimization techniques to solve many technical problems. Higher penetration of PHEVs require adequate charging infrastructure as well as smart charging strategies. We used Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) to intelligently allocate energy to the PHEVs considering constraints such as energy price remaining battery capacity and remaining charging time.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Sorption of proteins to charged microgels: characterizing binding isotherms and driving forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a set of Langmuir binding models in which electrostatic cooperativity effects to protein sorption is incorporated in the spirit of Guoy-Chapman-Stern models, where the global substrate (microgel) charge state is modified by bound reactants (charged proteins). Application of this approach to lysozyme sorption to oppositely charged core-shell microgels allows us to extract the intrinsic, binding affinity of the protein to the gel, which is salt-concentration independent and mostly hydrophobic in nature. The total binding affinity is found to be mainly electrostatic in nature, changes many orders of magnitude during the sorption process, and is significantly influenced by osmotic deswelling effects. The intrinsic binding affinity is determined to be about 7 kBT for our system. We additionally show that Langmuir binding models and those based on excludedvolume interactions are formally equivalent for low to moderate protein packing, if the nature of the bound state is consistently defined. Having appre...

Yigit, Cemil; Ballauff, Matthias; Dzubiella, Joachim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Full charge-density calculation of the surface energy of metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have calculated the surface energy and the work function of the 4d metals by means of an energy functional based on a self-consistent, spherically symmetric atomic-sphere potential. In this approach the kinetic energy is calculated completely within the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA) by means of a spherically symmetrized charge density, while the Coulomb and exchange-correlation contributions are calculated by means of the complete, nonspherically symmetric charge density within nonoverlapping, space-filling Wigner-Seitz cells. The functional is used to assess the convergence and the accuracy of the linear-muffin-tin-orbitals (LMTO) method and the ASA in surface calculations. We find that the full charge-density functional improves the agreement with recent full-potential LMTO calculations to a level where the average deviation in surface energy over the 4d series is down to 10%.

L. Vitos; J. Kollár; H. L. Skriver

1994-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Active charge/passive discharge solar heating systems: thermal analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of active charge/passive discharge solar space-heating systems is analyzed. This type of system combines liquid-cooled solar collector panels with a massive integral storage component that passively heats the building interior by radiation and free convection. The TRNSYS simulation program is used to evaluate system performance and to provide input for the development of a simplified analysis method. This method, which provides monthly calculations of delivered solar energy, is based on Klein's Phi-bar procedure and data from hourly TRNSYS simulations. The method can be applied to systems using a floor slab, a structural wall, or a water tank as the storage component. Important design parameters include collector area and orientation, building heat loss, collector and heat-exchanger efficiencies, storage capacity, and storage to room coupling.

Swisher, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Retardation and relativity: The case of a moving line charge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric and magnetic fields of a line charge of finite length uniformly moving along its axis are derived by using retarded field integrals and also by using transformationequations of the special relativitytheory. Both derivations yield the same field equations although the derivation methods are drastically different. In particular whereas transformationequations generally associated with Lorentz length contraction are crucial for the relativistic derivation Lorentz contraction is not used in the retarded field derivation. On the other hand although the retarded field derivation is based on the idea that retardation in the propagation of electromagnetic effects is a fundamental electromagnetic phenomenon the relativistic derivation does not take retardation into account. An examination of the two solutions indicates that the field equations obtained classically and relativistically are identical because retardation is implicit in relativistic transformations.

Oleg D. Jefimenko

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Advances in Fe(VI) charge storage: Part I. Primary alkaline super-iron batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent advances in super-iron batteries, based on an unusual Fe(VI) cathodic charge storage, are presented. Fe(VI) cathodes that have been demonstrated in super-iron batteries include the synthesized Fe(VI) compound with three-electron cathodic charge capacity Na2FeO4, K2FeO4, Rb2FeO4, Cs2FeO4 (alkali Fe(VI) salts), alkali earth Fe(VI) salts BaFeO4, SrFeO4, and also a transition Fe(VI) salt Ag2FeO4 which exhibits a five-electron cathodic charge storage. This paper focus on the primary alkaline Fe(VI) charge storage in aqueous electrolyte systems. Primary alkaline super-iron batteries exhibit a higher capacity than conventional alkaline batteries. Configuration optimization, enhancement and mediation of Fe(VI) cathode charge transfer of primary Fe(VI) alkaline batteries are summarized. Composite Fe(VI)/Mn(IV or VII), Fe(VI)/Ag(II) and zirconia coating stabilized Fe(VI)/Ag(II) cathode alkaline batteries are also illustrated.

Xingwen Yu; Stuart Licht

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Distribution network planning integrating charging stations of electric vehicle with V2G  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Accompanied by the popularization of EVs, the planning of electric vehicle (EV) charging stations becomes an important concern of distribution network planning. In this paper, the load density method is introduced to determine the optimal capacity of the EV charging stations in the areas to be planned, and the difference between 1 and the weight coefficients obtained by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method is used to calculate the cost coefficients of the charging station. The objective function of the optimal distribution network planning model should be the minimal cost of the fixed investments, the operational costs and the maintenance costs including the substations, charging stations and feeders. In this model, the effect of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) is considered, i.e., the EV is respectively treated as both the load and the source. Moreover, the electricity price volatility has been taken into consideration. In this case, EV owners can be guided to charge and discharge EV orderly. The ordinal optimization approach is applied to get the best solution. The results of the case study based on IEEE 54 nodes model show the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed model.

Xiangning Lin; Jinwen Sun; Shengfang Ai; Xiaoping Xiong; Yunfei Wan; Dexian Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

High precision measurement of the proton charge radius: The PRad experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent high precision measurements of the proton charge radius performed at PSI from muonic hydrogen Lamb shift puzzled the hadronic physics community. A value of 0.8418 ± 0.0007 fm was extracted which is 7? smaller than the previous determinations obtained from electron-proton scattering experiments and based on precision spectroscopy of electronic hydrogen. An additional extraction of the proton charge radius from electron scattering at Mainz is also in good agreement with these 'electronic' determinations. An independent measurement of the proton charge radius from unpolarized elastic ep scattering using a magnetic spectrometer free method was proposed and fully approved at Jefferson Laboratory in June 2012. This novel technique uses the high precision calorimeter HyCal and a windowless hydrogen gas target which makes possible the extraction of the charge radius at very forward angles and thus very low momentum transfer Q{sup 2} up to 10{sup ?4} (GeV/c){sup 2} with an unprecedented sub-percent precision for this type of experiment. In this paper, after a review of the recent progress on the proton charge radius extraction and the new high precision experiment PRad will be presented.

Meziane, Mehdi [Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 (United States); Collaboration: PRad Collaboration

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

380

Tungsten and tungsten-alloy powder metallurgy: Powder production and applications-excluding lamps. November 1971-July 1989 (Citations from the US Patent data base). Report for November 1971-July 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bibliography contains citations of selected patents concerning the preparation of metallic and ceramic powders of tungsten and tungsten alloys including various applications of these materials. The hydrogen reduction of tungsten compounds together with alloying-element compounds produce forms with characteristics of high density, hardness, wear resistance, high melting points, and abrasiveness. Topics include production of various cathodes, heaters, filament wires, electrical contacts, acoustic absorbers, high-density sheets and coatings, hard penetrators, and tungsten carbide and metallized ceramics. Tungsten halogen lamps are examined in a separate bibliography. (Contains 60 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

Not Available

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Monte Carlo Tools for charged Higgs boson production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short review we discuss two implementations of the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark in Monte Carlo event generators at next-to-leading order in QCD. We introduce the MC@NLO and the POWHEG method of matching next-to-leading order matrix elements with parton showers and compare both methods analyzing the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark. We shortly discuss the case of a light charged Higgs boson where the associated charged Higgs production interferes with the charged Higgs production via t tbar-production and subsequent decay of the top quark.

Kovarik, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Charge regulation and ionic screening of patchy surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of surfaces with charge-regulated patches are studied using non-linear Poisson-Boltzmann theory. Using a mode expansion to solve the non-linear problem efficiently, we reveal the charging behaviour of Debye-length sized patches. We find that patches charge up to higher charge densities if their size is relatively small and if the patches are well separated. The numerical results are used to construct a basic analytical model which predicts the average surface charge density on surfaces with patchy chargeable groups.

Niels Boon; René van Roij

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

383

Surface charge in dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct measurements of the dielectric surface potential and its dynamics in asymmetric dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuators show that the charge builds up at the dielectric surface and extends far downstream of the plasma. The surface charge persists for a long time (tens of minutes) after the driving voltage has been turned off. For a sinusoidal voltage waveform, the dielectric surface charges positively. With the voltage waveform consisting of nanosecond pulses superimposed on a dc bias, the sign of the dielectric surface charge is the same as the sign (polarity) of the bias voltage. The surface charging significantly affects DBD plasma actuator performance.

Opaits, D. F.; Shneider, M. N.; Miles, Richard B. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Likhanskii, A. V. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Macheret, S. O. [Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Palmdale, California 93599 (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

Monte Carlo Tools for charged Higgs boson production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short review we discuss two implementations of the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark in Monte Carlo event generators at next-to-leading order in QCD. We introduce the MC@NLO and the POWHEG method of matching next-to-leading order matrix elements with parton showers and compare both methods analyzing the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark. We shortly discuss the case of a light charged Higgs boson where the associated charged Higgs production interferes with the charged Higgs production via t tbar-production and subsequent decay of the top quark.

K. Kovarik

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

385

Role of dipole charges in black hole thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern derivations of the first law of black holes appear to show that the only charges that arise are monopole charges that can be obtained by surface integrals at infinity. However, the recently discovered five dimensional black ring solutions empirically satisfy a first law in which dipole charges appear. We resolve this contradiction and derive a general form of the first law for black rings. Dipole charges do appear together with a corresponding potential. We also include theories with Chern-Simons terms and generalize the first law to other horizon topologies and more generic local charges.

Copsey, Keith; Horowitz, Gary T. [Department of Physics, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4-Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4- Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge, a simplified electrochemical and thermal model of LiFePO4-graphite based Li-ion batteries is developed for battery management system (BMS) applications and comprehensive aging investigations. Based on a modified

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

387

Search for Higgs boson production in oppositely charged dilepton and missing energy final states in 9.7??fb-1 of pp¯ collisions at s=1.96??TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a search for the Higgs boson in final states with two oppositely charged leptons and large missing transverse energy as expected in H?WW??????? decays. The events are selected from the full Run II data sample of 9.7??fb-1 of pp¯ collisions collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at s=1.96??TeV. To validate our search methodology, we measure the nonresonant WW production cross section and find ?WW=11.6±0.7??pb, in agreement with the standard model prediction. In the Higgs boson search, no significant excess above the background expectation is observed. Upper limits at the 95% confidence level on the Higgs boson production cross section are therefore derived. Within the standard model, the Higgs boson mass range 159excluded while the expected exclusion sensitivity is 156exclude Higgs boson production cross sections 4.1 times larger than the standard model expectation, which is compatible with the presence of a Higgs boson at this mass. Within a theoretical framework with a fourth generation of fermions, the mass range 125excluded. The search results are also interpreted in the context of fermiophobic Higgs boson couplings, which yields an exclusion of fermiophobic Higgs boson production cross sections 3.1 times larger than the expectation for MH=125??GeV.

V. M. Abazov et al. (D0 Collaboration)

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

388

Definition: Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station A device or station that provides power to charge the batteries of an electric vehicle. These chargers are classified according to output voltage and the rate at which they can charge a battery. Level 1 charging is the slowest, and can be done through most wall outlets at 120 volts and 15 amps AC. Level 2 charging is faster, and is done at less than or equal to 240 volts and 60 amps AC, with a power output of less than or equal to 14.4 kW. Level 3 charging is fastest, and can be done with power output of greater than 14.4 kW. Level 1 and 2 charging can be done at home with the proper equipment, and Level 2 and 3 charging can be done at fixed public charging

389

Definition: Electric Vehicle Charging Station | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicle Charging Station Vehicle Charging Station Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric Vehicle Charging Station An electric vehicle charging station that uses communications technology to enable it to intelligently integrate two-way power flow enabling electric vehicle batteries to become a useful utility asset.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An electric vehicle charging station, also called EV charging station, electric recharging point, charging point and EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment), is an element in an infrastructure that supplies electric energy for the recharging of plug-in electric vehicles, including all-electric cars, neighborhood electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. As plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicle ownership is

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retail Electric Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

391

Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations September 8, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis Nearly 300 electric vehicle charging stations are scheduled to be available throughout the Orlando area next year. File photo Nearly 300 electric vehicle charging stations are scheduled to be available throughout the Orlando area next year. File photo Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Coulomb highlighted in the Vice President's report on 100 Recovery Act Projects That Are Changing America Orlando will receive nearly 300 electric vehicle charging systems. 1 of 9 cities receiving charging systems from Coulomb-$15 million in Recovery Act funding. This scene is closer to reality as Orlando, Fla., prepares to get nearly

392

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biogen Idec Inc to someone by E-mail Biogen Idec Inc to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources

393

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

394

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Auburn Hills to someone by E-mail Auburn Hills to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

395

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Utah Paperbox Adds Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on AddThis.com...

396

AVTA: ChargePoint America Recovery Act project map of charging units  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe results of data collected through the Chargepoint America project, which deployed 4,600 public and home charging stations throughout the U.S.

397

How and why electrostatic charge of combustible nanoparticles can radically change the mechanism and rate of their oxidation in humid atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrostatically charged aerosol nanoparticles strongly attract surrounding polar gas molecules due to a charge-dipole interaction. In humid air, the substantial electrostatic attraction and acceleration of surrounding water vapour molecules towards charged combustible nanoparticles cause intense electrostatic hydration and preferential oxidation of these nanoparticles by accelerated water vapor molecules rather than non-polar oxygen molecules. In particular, electrostatic acceleration, acquired by surrounding water vapour molecules at a distance of their mean free path from the minimally charged iron metal nanoparticle can increase an oxidative activity of these polar molecules with respect to the nanoparticle by a factor of one million. Intense electrostatic hydration of charged metal nanoparticles converts the nanoparticle's oxide based shells into the hydroxide based electrolyte shells, transforming these nanoparticles into metal/air core-shell nanobatteries, periodically short-circuited by intra-particl...

Meshcheryakov, Oleg

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

working lunch menus prices excludes VAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

person +2 items £12.50 per person +3 items £15.00 per person +4 items £17.50 per person meat » mini pie with a coconut dipping sauce » all butter pastry mini sausage roll » traditional melton mowbray pork pie » scotch

399

Possibility of using active secondary charge-exchange particle diagnostics for measuring the magnetic field direction in the plasma of a magnetic fusion reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An active particle diagnostic method based on the secondary charge exchange of hydrogen atoms of a probing (diagnostic) beam is proposed for local measurements of the magnetic field direction in the plasma of a t...

A. A. Medvedev; V. S. Strelkov

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Method and apparatus for charged particle propagation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for propagating charged particles from a vacuum to a higher pressure region. A generator 14,14b includes an evacuated chamber 16a,b having a gun 18,18b for discharging a beam of charged particles such as an electron beam 12 or ion beam 12b. The beam 12,12b is discharged through a beam exit 22 in the chamber 16a,b into a higher pressure region 24. A plasma interface 34 is disposed at the beam exit 22 and includes a plasma channel 38 for bounding a plasma 40 maintainable between a cathode 42 and an anode 44 disposed at opposite ends thereof. The plasma channel 38 is coaxially aligned with the beam exit 22 for propagating the beam 12,12b from the chamber 16a,b, through the plasma 40, and into the higher pressure region 24. The plasma 40 is effective for pumping down the beam exit 22 for preventing pressure increase in the chamber 16a,b, and provides magnetic focusing of the beam 12,12b discharged into the higher pressure region 24.

Hershcovitch, Ady (Mount Sinai, NY)

1996-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Diffuse-Charge Dynamics in Electrochemical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The response of a model micro-electrochemical system to a time-dependent applied voltage is analyzed. The article begins with a fresh historical review including electrochemistry, colloidal science, and microfluidics. The model problem consists of a symmetric binary electrolyte between parallel-plate, blocking electrodes which suddenly apply a voltage. Compact Stern layers on the electrodes are also taken into account. The Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations are first linearized and solved by Laplace transforms for small voltages, and numerical solutions are obtained for large voltages. The ``weakly nonlinear'' limit of thin double layers is then analyzed by matched asymptotic expansions in the small parameter $\\epsilon = \\lambda_D/L$, where $\\lambda_D$ is the screening length and $L$ the electrode separation. At leading order, the system initially behaves like an RC circuit with a response time of $\\lambda_D L / D$ (not $\\lambda_D^2/D$), where $D$ is the ionic diffusivity, but nonlinearity violates this common picture and introduce multiple time scales. The charging process slows down, and neutral-salt adsorption by the diffuse part of the double layer couples to bulk diffusion at the time scale, $L^2/D$. In the ``strongly nonlinear'' regime (controlled by a dimensionless parameter resembling the Dukhin number), this effect produces bulk concentration gradients, and, at very large voltages, transient space charge. The article concludes with an overview of more general situations involving surface conduction, multi-component electrolytes, and Faradaic processes.

Martin Z. Bazant; Katsuyo Thornton; Armand Ajdari

2004-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Nanoscale Charge Transport in Excitonic Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excitonic solar cells, including all-organic, hybrid organic-inorganic and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), offer strong potential for inexpensive and large-area solar energy conversion. Unlike traditional inorganic semiconductor solar cells, where all the charge generation and collection processes are well understood, these excitonic solar cells contain extremely disordered structures with complex interfaces which results in large variations in nanoscale electronic properties and has a strong influence on carrier generation, transport, dissociation and collection. Detailed understanding of these processes is important for fabrication of highly efficient solar cells. Efforts to improve efficiency are underway at a large number of research groups throughout the world focused on inorganic and organic semiconductors, photonics, photophysics, charge transport, nanoscience, ultrafast spectroscopy, photonics, semiconductor processing, device physics, device structures, interface structure etc. Rapid progress in this multidisciplinary area requires strong synergetic efforts among researchers from diverse backgrounds. Such effort can lead to novel methods for development of new materials with improved photon harvesting and interfacial treatments for improved carrier transport, process optimization to yield ordered nanoscale morphologies with well defined electronic structures.

Venkat Bommisetty, South Dakota State University

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

403

Charge asymmetry in the differential cross section of high-energy bremsstrahlung in the field of a heavy atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The distinction between the charged particle and antiparticle differential cross sections of high-energy bremsstrahlung in the electric field of a heavy atom is investigated. The consideration is based on the quasiclassical approximation to the wave functions in the external field. The charge asymmetry (the ratio of the antisymmetric and symmetric parts of the differential cross section) arises due to the account for the first quasiclassical correction to the differential cross section. All evaluations are performed with the exact account of the atomic field. We consider in detail the charge asymmetry for electrons and muons. For electrons, the nuclear size effect is not important while for muons this effect should be taken into account. For the longitudinal polarization of the initial charged particle, the account for the first quasiclassical correction to the differential cross section leads to the asymmetry in the cross section with respect to the replacement $\\varphi\\rightarrow-\\varphi$, where $\\varphi$ i...

Krachkov, P A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ferrocenylundecanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayer Charging Correlates with Negative Differential Resistance Measured by Conducting Probe Atomic Force Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additionally, electric force measurements along with theoretical modeling both in and out of contact with a nonelectroactive 1-octanethiol (C8SH) SAM were also performed. ... Using a simple parallel-plate geometry37 and assuming that stored charge is localized on the ferricenium end groups, we find that the quantity of detected charges is Q = 80 ± 20 positive elementary charges or the same number of oxidized molecules if we assume each molecule can store one charge. ... The measurements showed: (1) the I-V traces were linear over ±0.3 V, (2) the junction resistance increased exponentially with alkyl chain length, (3) the junction resistance decreased with increasing load and showed two distinct power law scaling regimes, (4) resistances were a factor of 10 lower for junctions based on benzyl thiol SAMs compared to hexyl thiol SAMs having the same thickness, and (5) the junctions sustained fields up to 2 × 107 V/cm before breakdown. ...

Alexei V. Tivanski; Gilbert C. Walker

2005-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

405

Charge Transport in one Dimension:Dissipative and Non-Dissipative Space-Charge Limited Currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider charge transport in nanopores where the dielectric constant inside the nanopore is much greater than in the surrounding material, so that the flux of the electric fields due to the charges is almost entirely confined to the nanopore. That means that we may model the electric fields due to charge densities in the nanopore in terms of average properties across the nanopore as solutions of one dimensional Poisson equations. We develop basic equations for an M component system using equations of continuity to relate concentrations to currents, and flux equations relating currents to concentration gradients and conductivities. We then derive simplified scaled versions of the equations. We develop exact solutions for the one component case in a variety of boundary conditions using a Hopf-Cole transformation, Fourier series, and periodic solutions of the Burgers equation. These are compared with a simpler model in which the scaled diffusivity is zero so that all charge motion is driven by the electric field. In this non-dissipative case, recourse to an admissibility condition is utilised to obtain the physically relevant weak solution of a Riemann problem concerning the electric field. It is shown that the admissibility condition is Poynting's theorem.

S. R. Holcombe; E. R. Smith

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

Title of Document: STUDY OF LONGITUDINAL SPACE CHARGE WAVES IN SPACE-CHARGE DOMINATED BEAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAMS Jayakar Charles Tobin Thangaraj, Doctor of Philosophy, 2009 Directed By: Prof. Patrick O'Shea Prof current electron beam with very low emittance and energy spread. Any density fluctuation in an intense beam can launch space charge waves that lead to energy modulation. The energy modulations may cause

Anlage, Steven

407

Averaged dynamics of ultra-relativisitc charged particles beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we consider the suitability of using the charged cold fluid model in the description of ultra-relativistic beams. The method that we have used is the following. Firstly, the necessary notions of kinetic theory and differential geometry of second order differential equations are explained. Then an averaging procedure is applied to a connection associated with the Lorentz force equation. The result of this averaging is an affine connection on the space-time manifold. The corresponding geodesic equation defines the averaged Lorentz force equation. We prove that for ultra-relativistic beams described by narrow distribution functions, the solutions of both equations are similar. This fact justifies the replacement of the Lorentz force equation by the simpler {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation}. After this, for each of these models we associate the corresponding kinetic model, which are based on the Vlasov equation and {\\it averaged Vlasov equation} respectively. The averaged Vlasov equation is simpler than the original Vlasov equation. This fact allows us to prove that the differential operation defining the averaged charged cold fluid equation is controlled by the {\\it diameter of the distribution function}, by powers of the {\\it energy of the beam} and by the time of evolution $t$. We show that the Vlasov equation and the averaged Vlasov equation have similar solutions, when the initial conditions are the same. Finally, as an application of the {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation} we re-derive the beam dynamics formalism used in accelerator physics from the Jacobi equation of the averaged Lorentz force equation.

Ricardo Gallego Torromé

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

408

EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America November 19, 2012 - 12:14pm Addthis This ChargePoint station is located in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area in Stevenson, WA, -- an area that is adjacent to the city's shops, restaurants, spas and art galleries. | Photo courtesy of Port of Skamania. This ChargePoint station is located in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area in Stevenson, WA, -- an area that is adjacent to the city's shops, restaurants, spas and art galleries. | Photo courtesy of Port of Skamania. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager ChargePoint America Program deployed chargers in: Boston, MA Bellevue and Redmond, WA Sacramento, CA San Jose and San Francisco Bay Area

409

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

San Diego Gas and Electric to someone by E-mail San Diego Gas and Electric to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas and Electric on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas and Electric on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas and Electric on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas and Electric on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas and Electric on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas and Electric on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development

410

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New York Power Authority to someone by E-mail New York Power Authority to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York Power Authority on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York Power Authority on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York Power Authority on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York Power Authority on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York Power Authority on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: New York Power Authority on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development

411

EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America EV Charging Stations Take Off Across America November 19, 2012 - 12:14pm Addthis This ChargePoint station is located in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area in Stevenson, WA, -- an area that is adjacent to the city's shops, restaurants, spas and art galleries. | Photo courtesy of Port of Skamania. This ChargePoint station is located in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area in Stevenson, WA, -- an area that is adjacent to the city's shops, restaurants, spas and art galleries. | Photo courtesy of Port of Skamania. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager ChargePoint America Program deployed chargers in: Boston, MA Bellevue and Redmond, WA Sacramento, CA San Jose and San Francisco Bay Area

412

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Venetian and The Palazzo to someone by E-mail The Venetian and The Palazzo to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Venetian and The Palazzo on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Venetian and The Palazzo on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Venetian and The Palazzo on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Venetian and The Palazzo on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Venetian and The Palazzo on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Venetian and The Palazzo on AddThis.com...

413

Lipid membrane instability and poration driven by capacitive charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new model for the interaction of an electric pulse with a lipid membrane is proposed. Using this model we show that when a DC electric pulse is applied to an insulating lipid membrane separating fluids with different conductivities, the capacitive charging current through the membrane drives electrohydrodynamic flow that destabilizes the membrane. The instability is transient and decays as the membrane charges. The bulk conductivity mismatch plays an essential role in this instability because it results in a different rate of charge accumulation on the membrane's physical surfaces. Shearing stresses created by the electric field acting on its own induced free charge are non-zero as long as the charge imbalance exists. Accordingly, the most unstable mode is related to the ratio of membrane charging time and the electrohydrodynamic time.

Jonathan T. Schwalbe; Petia M. Vlahovska; Michael J. Miksis

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

414

Emissions-critical charge cooling using an organic rankine cycle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure provides a system including a Rankine power cycle cooling subsystem providing emissions-critical charge cooling of an input charge flow. The system includes a boiler fluidly coupled to the input charge flow, an energy conversion device fluidly coupled to the boiler, a condenser fluidly coupled to the energy conversion device, a pump fluidly coupled to the condenser and the boiler, an adjuster that adjusts at least one parameter of the Rankine power cycle subsystem to change a temperature of the input charge exiting the boiler, and a sensor adapted to sense a temperature characteristic of the vaporized input charge. The system includes a controller that can determine a target temperature of the input charge sufficient to meet or exceed predetermined target emissions and cause the adjuster to adjust at least one parameter of the Rankine power cycle to achieve the predetermined target emissions.

Ernst, Timothy C.; Nelson, Christopher R.

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Temperature dependence of vortex charges in high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a model Hamiltonian with d-wave superconductivity and competing antiferromagnetic (AF) interactions, the temperature (T) dependence of the vortex charge in high-Tc superconductors is investigated by numerically solving the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equations. The strength of the induced AF order inside the vortex core is T dependent. The vortex charge could be negative when the AF order with sufficient strength is present at low temperatures. At higher temperatures, the AF order may be completely suppressed and the vortex charge becomes positive. A first-order-like transition in the T-dependent vortex charge is seen near the critical temperature TAF. For an underdoped sample, the spatial profiles of the induced spin-density wave and the charge-density wave orders could have stripelike structures at TTs. As a result, a vortex charge discontinuity occurs at Ts.

Yan Chen; Z. D. Wang; C. S. Ting

2003-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

416

Permit for Charging Equipment Installation: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compliance with the following permit will allow the installation and operation of electric vehicle charging equipment at a Compliance with the following permit will allow the installation and operation of electric vehicle charging equipment at a residence in the City, State jurisdiction. This permit addresses one of the following situations: Only an additional branch circuit would be added at the residence A hard-wired charging station would be installed at the residence. The attached requirements for wiring the charging station are taken directly out of the 2011 edition of the National Electrical Code (NEC) NFPA 70, Article 625 Electric Vehicle Charging System. This article does not provide all of the information necessary for the installation of electric vehicle charging equipment. Please refer to the current edition of the electrical code adopted by the local jurisdiction for additional installation requirements. Reference to the 2011 NEC may be

417

EV Everywhere - Charge to Breakout Sessions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EV Everywhere EV Everywhere Charge to Breakout Sessions Steven Boyd Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy steven.boyd@doe.gov July 24, 2012 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov BREAKOUT GROUPS Traction Drive System Power Electronics and Thermal Management Electric Motors and Critical Materials Work Group Focus Questions 3 | Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov BREAKOUT SESSION #1 EV EVERYWHERE SCOPE & TECHNICAL TARGETS * Discussion of current state-of-art of the breakout group's focus area. * Are the initially posed EV-Everywhere electric drive system performance and cost targets achievable? * What role can the breakout group's focus area play on achieving these targets? * What are the major barriers?

418

Charge exchange recombination spectroscopy on fusion devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For fusion, obtaining reliable measurements of basic plasma parameters like ion and electron densities and temperatures is a primary goal. For theory, measurements are needed as a function of time and space to understand plasma transport and confinement with the ultimate goal of achieving economic nuclear fusion power. Electron profile measurements and plasma spectroscopy for the plasma ions are introduced. With the advent of Neutral Beam auxiliary plasma heating, Charge Exchange Recombination Spectroscopy provides accurate and time resolved measurements of the ions in large volume fusion devices. In acknowledgement of Nicol Peacock's role in the development of these techniques, still at the forefront of plasma fusion research, this paper describes the evolution of this diagnostic method.

Duval, B. P. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

419

State approaches to the system benefits charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the consideration and implementation of a non-bypassable system benefits charge (SBC) in six states through mid-May 1997. The SBC is being established to sustain important public-policy programs during the electric industry restructuring process. The states covered include Arizona, California, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. This report was prepared for the Office of Energy and Resource Planning, Utah Department of Natural Resources, under the National Renewable Energy Laboratory`s Sustainable Technology Energy Partnerships Initiative, Second Round (STEP-2). The purpose of the report is to provide decision makers in Utah, including the Utah Public Service Commission and the state legislature, with relevant information on the SBC for use in their deliberation on the matter. The issues faced by the six states are the SBC in general; surcharge rate or funding levels; administrative structure and procedures; and actions, guidelines, and principles by program area.

Fang, J.M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Implementing Shor's algorithm on Josephson charge qubits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the physical implementation of Shor's factorization algorithm on a Josephson charge qubit register. While we pursue a universal method to factor a composite integer of any size, the scheme is demonstrated for the number 21. We consider both the physical and algorithmic requirements for an optimal implementation when only a small number of qubits are available. These aspects of quantum computation are usually the topics of separate research communities; we present a unifying discussion of both of these fundamental features bridging Shor's algorithm to its physical realization using Josephson junction qubits. In order to meet the stringent requirements set by a short decoherence time, we accelerate the algorithm by decomposing the quantum circuit into tailored two- and three-qubit gates and we find their physical realizations through numerical optimization.

Vartiainen, Juha J.; Salomaa, Martti M. [Materials Physics Laboratory, POB 2200 (Technical Physics), Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT (Finland); Niskanen, Antti O. [VTT Information Technology, Microsensing, POB 1207, 02044 VTT (Finland); Nakahara, Mikio [Materials Physics Laboratory, POB 2200 (Technical Physics), Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT (Finland); Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka 577-8502 (Japan)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Accelerating classical charges and the equivalence principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare the behavior of a charged particle in a gravitational field and empty space. We resolve the apparent conflict between the Lorentz-Dirac equation and Larmor's formula of radiation by noting that the former describes an electron that is itself accelerated by an electromagnetic field. If instead, a hypothetical particle is considered that is accelerated by a non-electromagnetic force, Larmor's formula is found to be consistent with the accelerating particle's equation of motion. We consider the consequences concerning the equivalence principle and find that it is indeed violated if one demands that the same electromagnetic field be present in both the gravitational and accelerating cases; however, if one allows for the external electromagnetic fields to be different, the validity of the equivalence principle is restored. In either case, the basic idea behind the equivalence principle, which leads to a geometrized theory of gravity, remains unaffected.

Viktor T. Toth

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

422

Dust Charging and Transport on Surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we review laboratory studies of dust transport on surfaces in plasmas, performed for a number of different mechanisms: 1) Dust particles were levitated in plasma sheaths by electrostatic forces balancing the gravitational force. 2) Dust was observed to spread over and lift off a surface that repels electrons in a plasma. 3) Dust was transported on surfaces having different secondary electron yields in plasma with an electron beam as a consequence of differential charging. 4) We also report a mechanism of dust transport by electric fields occurring at electron beam impact/shadow boundaries. These processes are candidates to explain the formation of dust ponds that were recently observed in craters on the asteroid Eros by the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft.

Wang, X. [Colorado Center for Lunar Dust And Atmospheric Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Robertson, S. [Colorado Center for Lunar Dust And Atmospheric Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Horanyi, M. [Colorado Center for Lunar Dust And Atmospheric Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

423

Space charge emission in cylindrical diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a mathematical model to describe cylindrical electron current emissions through a physics approximation method is presented. The proposed mathematical approximation consists of analyzing and solving the nonlinear Poisson's equation, with some determined mathematical restrictions. Our findings tackle the problem when charge-space creates potential barrier that disable the steady-state of the beam propagation. In this problem, the potential barrier effects of electron's speed with zero velocity emitted through the virtual cathode happens. The interaction between particles and the virtual cathode have been to find the inter-atomic potentials as boundary conditions from a quantum mechanics perspective. Furthermore, a non-stationary spatial solution of the electrical potential between anode and cathode is presented. The proposed solution is a 2D differential equation that was linearized from the generalized Poisson equation. A single condition was used solely, throughout the radial boundary conditions of the current density formation.

Torres-Córdoba, Rafael; Martínez-García, Edgar [Universidad Autónoma de Cd. Juárez-IIT, Cd. Juárez, Chihuahua, México (Mexico)] [Universidad Autónoma de Cd. Juárez-IIT, Cd. Juárez, Chihuahua, México (Mexico)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Fabrication of nanoscale charge density wave systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoscale charge density wave systems of quasi-one-dimensional o ? TaS 3 crystals were fabricated.Goldelectrodes 400 nm wide were made by standard lift-off technique on o ? TaS 3 nanocrystals prepared by deposition on silicon substrates. Interface resistance was higher than 100 G ? just after evaporation and were significantly reduced by electron-beam irradiation. The electrodes were tested down to 80 mK and were found quite durable for cryogenic measurement. The temperature dependence of the resistance of the nanocrystal was represented as the variable-range-hopping-type conduction with one dimension over the wide range of temperature from 4.2 to 100 K. This behavior was different from that of conventional bulk samples.

Katsuhiko Inagaki; Takeshi Toshima; Satoshi Tanda; Kazuhiko Yamaya; Shinya Uji

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Charged Higgs Boson: Tracer of the Physics beyond Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charged Higgs boson can exist in many physics beyond the standard models (BSM) and it is the obvious BSM signal. We briefly describe why the 125GeV scalar discovered at the LHC must have (heavy) companion: the charged Higgs boson, in a new paradigm. We then focus on the charged Higgs phenomenology, especially on how to measure $\\tan\\beta$ precisely utilizing the top quark polarization information.

Zhu, Shou-hua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Complementarity problems for electro-neutral charged bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions to the complementarity problem constructed in [1], generally, possess non-zero total charge. In natural sciences, bodies possessing non-zero total charge (ions and similar object) are considered as specific objects. Bodies possessing zero total charge (electro-neutral bodies) are considered as general case objects. This paper presents a solution to the complementarity problem for electro-neutral bodies. The solution is constructed under the condition that the volumes of the bodies are small.

A. A. Kolpakov; A. G. Kolpakov

2012-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

Particles and scalar waves in noncommutative charged black hole spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have discussed geodesics and the motion of test particle in the gravitational field of noncommutative charged black hole spacetime. The motion of massive and massless particle have been discussed seperately. A comparative study of noncommutative charged black hole and usual Reissner-Nordstrom black hole has been done. The study of effective potential has also been included. Finally, we have examined the scattering of scalar waves in noncommutative charged black hole spacetime.

Bhar, Piyali; Biswas, Ritabrata; Mondal, U F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Static charged distributions in 2+1 gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Circularly symmetric charged perfect-fluid distributions are studied in three-dimensional gravity with a cosmological constant. We derive the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation of hydroelectrostatic equilibrium, and we discuss its applicability. A class of charged fluid distributions for p=-{rho} is considered. In this case, a particular model is obtained which represents a charged distribution whose mass is entirely of electromagnetic origin.

Cataldo, Mauricio; Cruz, Norman [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bio-Bio, Avenida Collao 1202, Casilla 5-C, Concepcion (Chile); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencia, Universidad de Santiago, Casilla 307, Santiago (Chile)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Survey Says: Workplace Charging is Growing in Popularity and Impact  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

To boost their programs and share their best practices with others, leading employers from across the country partner with the U.S. Department of Energy through the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge. The Challenge aims to achieve a dramatic increase in the number of employers offering workplace charging by 2018. As the Challenge approaches its second anniversary, Challenge partners and ambassadors convened at a Summit in Alexandria, Virginia, to celebrate progress and share new resources for expanding their workplace charging programs.

430

A particle accelerator employing transient space charge potentials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides an accelerator for ions and charged particles. The plasma is generated and confined in a magnetic mirror field. The electrons of the plasma are heated to high temperatures. A series of local coils are placed along the axis of the magnetic mirror field. As an ion or particle beam is directed along the axis in sequence the coils are rapidly pulsed creating a space charge to accelerate and focus the beam of ions or charged particles. 3 figs.

Post, R.F.

1988-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

431

Covariant Noether Charge for Higher Dimensional Chern-Simons Terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a manifestly covariant differential Noether charge for theories with Chern-Simons terms in higher dimensional spacetimes. This is in contrast to Tachikawa's extension of the standard Lee-Iyer-Wald formalism which results in a non-covariant differential Noether charge for Chern-Simons terms. On a bifurcation surface, our differential Noether charge integrates to the Wald-like entropy formula proposed by Tachikawa in arXiv:hep-th/0611141.

Tatsuo Azeyanagi; R. Loganayagam; Gim Seng Ng; Maria J. Rodriguez

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

432

Covariant Noether Charge for Higher Dimensional Chern-Simons Terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a manifestly covariant differential Noether charge for theories with Chern-Simons terms in higher dimensional spacetimes. This is in contrast to Tachikawa's extension of the standard Lee-Iyer-Wald formalism which results in a non-covariant differential Noether charge for Chern-Simons terms. On a bifurcation surface, our differential Noether charge integrates to the Wald-like entropy formula proposed by Tachikawa in arXiv:hep-th/0611141.

Azeyanagi, Tatsuo; Ng, Gim Seng; Rodriguez, Maria J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The charge-asymmetric nonlocally-determined local-electric (CANDLE) solvation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many important applications of electronic structure methods involve molecules or solid surfaces in a solvent medium. Since explicit treatment of the solvent in such methods is usually not practical, calculations often employ continuum solvation models to approximate the effect of the solvent. Previous solvation models either involve a parametrization based on atomic radii, which limits the class of applicable solutes, or based on solute electron density, which is more general but less accurate, especially for charged systems. We develop an accurate and general solvation model that includes a cavity that is a nonlocal functional of both solute electron density and potential, local dielectric response on this nonlocally-determined cavity, and nonlocal approximations to the cavity-formation and dispersion energies. The dependence of the cavity on the solute potential enables an explicit treatment of the solvent charge asymmetry. With only three parameters per solvent, this `CANDLE' model simultaneously reproduce...

Sundararaman, Ravishankar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

New beam-charge interlock system for radiation safety at the KEKB injector linac  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new beam-charge interlock system is under development for radiation safety and machine protection at the KEKB injector linac. A hardware-based interlock system is required instead of the present software-based interlock system in order to boost its reliability. This system restricts the integrated amount of beamcharges delivered to four different storage rings. The beamcharges are measured using wall-current monitors and detection electronics at six locations along the linac. The detection electronics independently transmits a beam-abort request through a twisted hardwire cable directly to the safetycontrol system of the linac when the integrated amount of beamcharges exceeds a certain threshold level prescribed for each location. We describe the characteristics and performance of the new beam-charge interlock system along with the details of the experimental tests.

T. Suwada; E. Kadokura; M. Satoh; K. Furukawa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Now Available: Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

changes that will be needed to handle large vehicle charging loads. Under OE's Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) program, six utilities evaluated operations and...

436

Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014: Session 3, Track B  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

“Utilities and workplace charging“: Electric utilities are a key partner in supporting transportation electrification, and they are developing a range of programs to educate customers and support...

437

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Beaverton, OR ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Beaverton, OR The City of Beaverton's Sustainable Beaverton Strategy includes the goal of decreasing greenhouse gas emissions...

438

Geodesics and Geodesic Deviation in static Charged Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radial motion along null geodesics in static charged black hole space-times, in particular, the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om and stringy charged black holes are studied. We analyzed the properties of the effective potential. The circular photon orbits in these space-times are investigated. We found that the radius of circular photon orbits in both charged black holes are different and differ from that given in Schwarzschild space-time. We studied the physical effects of the gravitational field between two test particles in stringy charged black hole and compared the results with that given in Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes.

Ragab M. Gad

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

439

U.S. Employers Drive Change with Workplace Charging | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

PEVs that are as affordable for the average American family as today's gasoline powered vehicles by 2022. As partners in the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge, more...

440

Thirteen Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Charging...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

availability of workplace charging, increasing the convenience of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and providing drivers with more options. "The market for electric vehicles is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: San Diego Gas & Electric...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

load management, influenced by local energy management systems andor utility Demand Response (DR) systems. Workplace charging The project reinforces SDG&E's commitment to the...

442

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop Introduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

443

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop- Backsplash  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Backsplash for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA

444

An artificial neural network application on nuclear charge radii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The artificial neural networks (ANNs) have emerged with successful applications in nuclear physics as well as in many fields of science in recent years. In this paper, by using (ANNs), we have constructed a formula for the nuclear charge radii. Statistical modeling of nuclear charge radii by using ANNs has been seen as to be successful. Also, the charge radii, binding energies and two-neutron separation energies of Sn isotopes have been calculated by implementing of the new formula in Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) calculations. The results of the study shows that the new formula is useful for describing nuclear charge radii.

S. Akkoyun; T. Bayram; S. O. Kara; A. Sinan

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

445

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of North Carolina...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

solar PV system in conjunction with the installations to reduce and offset the campus' GHG emissions for the electrical consumption of one of the stations. The charging stations...

446

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainabl...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

work and at home. By installing electric vehicle charging stations at their Albuquerque solar test laboratory, employees who now drive longer distances to work can consider the use...

447

Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged Polyoxovanadate...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxide clusters for subsequent investigations of structure and reactivity. Citation: Al Hasan NM, GE Johnson, and J Laskin.2013."Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged...

448

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Nissan North America, Inc...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Charging Partner Nissan. View more videos on the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center. Red Nissan Leaf on highway. Text version Old vehicle on muddy road. Text...

449

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: CFV Solar Test Laboratory...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

CFV Solar Test Laboratory, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: CFV Solar Test Laboratory, Inc. CFV Solar supports the sustainable energy industry by providing photovoltaic...

450

Top quark charge asymmetry measurements with ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The top quark charge asymmetry measurements performed with ATLAS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV are presented.

U. De Sanctis; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

451

Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables and Energy Storage 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

452

Energy Jobs: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Installer | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

-- here an electric vehicle owner uses a local charging station. | Photo Courtesy of the Energy Department. Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Digital Content Specialist, Office of...

453

Top quark charge asymmetry measurements with ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The top quark charge asymmetry measurements performed with ATLAS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV are presented.

De Sanctis, Umberto; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of North Carolina at Pembroke  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

For the University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP), workplace charging is one of the commuting transportation strategies that supports the campus' sustainability goal of becoming carbon...

455

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Max electricity demand across all days Min electricity demand across all days Electricity demand on single calendar day with highest peak Charging Unit Usage Residential Level 2...

456

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: January 2011 through March 2011 Number of EV Project vehicles in region: 35 Private Publicly Publicly Residential Nonresidential Available Available Charging Unit...

457

Transverse Focussing of Intense Charged Particle Beams with Chromatic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transverse Focussing of Intense Charged Particle Beams with Chromatic Effects for Heavy Ion Fusion Inventors..--.. James M. Mitrani, Igor D, Kaganovich, Ronald C, Davidson. A two...

458

Long Plasma Source for Heavy Ion Beam Charge Neutralization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutralizing plasma column the heavy ion beam can focus to aPlasmas are a source of unbound electrons for charge neutralizing intense heavy ion beams to focus

Efthimion, P.C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014: Session 1, Track B  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

“Data insights for smart workplace charging planning”: DOE, in conjunction with national laboratories and academia researchers, conducts a wide range of statistical research on energy use,...

460

AVTA: EVSE Testing- NYSERDA Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These reports describe the charging patterns of drivers participating in the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority's (NYSERDA) electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure project.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Documents & Publications Numerical Modeling of HCCI Combustion High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Modeling of HCCI and PCCI Combustion Processes...

462

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(PEVs). Workplace charging is consistent with Ford's broader commitment to sustainability. Ford is working to develop an Employee and Visitor Station Installation Plan that...

463

Design of a Sustainable Electric Vehicle Charging Station:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Electric vehicles only become useful in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, if the electricity used to charge their batteries comes from renewable energy sources. This thesis… (more)

Bakolas, B.V.E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Design of Photovoltaics e-bikes charging station:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??It is a project about designing a photovoltaics charging station for electrical bikes and scooters, which can facilitate electrical bike user and promote sustainable way… (more)

Zhao, Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

High-k shallow traps observed by charge pumping with varying discharging times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the influence of falling time and base level time on high-k bulk shallow traps measured by charge pumping technique in n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors with HfO{sub 2}/metal gate stacks. N{sub T}-V{sub high} {sub level} characteristic curves with different duty ratios indicate that the electron detrapping time dominates the value of N{sub T} for extra contribution of I{sub cp} traps. N{sub T} is the number of traps, and I{sub cp} is charge pumping current. By fitting discharge formula at different temperatures, the results show that extra contribution of I{sub cp} traps at high voltage are in fact high-k bulk shallow traps. This is also verified through a comparison of different interlayer thicknesses and different Ti{sub x}N{sub 1?x} metal gate concentrations. Next, N{sub T}-V{sub high} {sub level} characteristic curves with different falling times (t{sub falling} {sub time}) and base level times (t{sub base} {sub level}) show that extra contribution of I{sub cp} traps decrease with an increase in t{sub falling} {sub time}. By fitting discharge formula for different t{sub falling} {sub time}, the results show that electrons trapped in high-k bulk shallow traps first discharge to the channel and then to source and drain during t{sub falling} {sub time}. This current cannot be measured by the charge pumping technique. Subsequent measurements of N{sub T} by charge pumping technique at t{sub base} {sub level} reveal a remainder of electrons trapped in high-k bulk shallow traps.

Ho, Szu-Han; Chen, Ching-En; Tseng, Tseung-Yuen [Department of Electronics Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Chang, Ting-Chang, E-mail: tcchang@mail.phys.nsysu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Advanced Optoelectronics Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lu, Ying-Hsin; Lo, Wen-Hung; Tsai, Jyun-Yu; Liu, Kuan-Ju [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Wang, Bin-Wei; Cao, Xi-Xin [Department of Embedded System Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, P.R.China (China); Chen, Hua-Mao [Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Osbert; Huang, Cheng-Tung; Chen, Tsai-Fu [Device Department, United Microelectronics Corporation, Tainan Science Park, Taiwan (China)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

A Charge Cloud Model for H2: Or Is It a DFT Model? Frank Rioux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-electron spherical charge cloud of radius R. In atomic units (h/2 = me = e = 40 = 1) the total electronic energy based on this model is, E 9 4 R 2 24 5 R - D 2 2 R 3 + 1 D += The various energy components are identified below (3). Electron kinetic energy: T 9 4 R 2 = Electron-nucleus potential energy: Vne 6- R D 2 2

Rioux, Frank

467

Search for Lepton Number Violating Charged Current Processes with Neutrino Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new idea to test a class of loop-induced neutrino mass mechanisms by searching for lepton number violating charged current processes with incident of a neutrino beam. The expected rates of these processes are estimated based on some theoretical assumptions. They turn out to be sizable so that detection of such processes could be possible at near detectors in future highly intense neutrino-beam facilities.

Shinya Kanemura; Yoshitaka Kuno; Toshihiko Ota

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Emission of Electromagnetic Radiation from Charges Accelerated by Gravitational Waves and its Astrophysical Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide calculations and theoretical arguments supporting the emission of electromagnetic radiation from charged particles accelerated by gravitational waves (GWs). These waves have significant indirect evidence to support their existence, yet they interact weakly with ordinary matter. We show that the induced oscillations of charged particles interacting with a GW, which lead to the emission of electromagnetic radiation, will also result in wave attenuation. These ideas are supported by a small body of literature, as well as additional arguments for particle acceleration based on GW memory effects. We derive order of magnitude power calculations for various initial charge distributions accelerated by GWs. The resulting power emission is extremely small for all but very strong GWs interacting with large quantities of charge. If the results here are confirmed and supplemented, significant consequences such as attenuation of early universe GWs could result. Additionally, this effect could extend GW detection techniques into the electromagnetic regime. These explorations are worthy of study to determine the presence of such radiation, as it is extremely important to refine our theoretical framework in an era of active GW astrophysics.

Mitchell Revalski; Will Rhodes; Thulsi Wickramasinghe

2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

469

Charge constrained density functional molecular dynamics for simulation of condensed phase electron transfer reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a plane-wave basis set implementation of charge constrained density functional molecular dynamics (CDFT-MD) for simulation of electron transfer reactions in condensed phase systems. Following the earlier work of Wu and Van Voorhis [Phys. Rev. A 72, 024502 (2005)], the density functional is minimized under the constraint that the charge difference between donor and acceptor is equal to a given value. The classical ion dynamics is propagated on the Born-Oppenheimer surface of the charge constrained state. We investigate the dependence of the constrained energy and of the energy gap on the definition of the charge and present expressions for the constraint forces. The method is applied to the Ru{sup 2+}-Ru{sup 3+} electron self-exchange reaction in aqueous solution. Sampling the vertical energy gap along CDFT-MD trajectories and correcting for finite size effects, a reorganization free energy of 1.6 eV is obtained. This is 0.1-0.2 eV lower than a previous estimate based on a continuum model for solvation. The smaller value for the reorganization free energy can be explained by the fact that the Ru-O distances of the divalent and trivalent Ru hexahydrates are predicted to be more similar in the electron transfer complex than for the separated aqua ions.

Oberhofer, Harald; Blumberger, Jochen [Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom)

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

470

Transverse energy and charged particle production in heavy-ion collisions: From RHIC to LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the charged particle and transverse energy production mechanism from AGS, SPS, RHIC to LHC energies in the framework of nucleon and quark participants. At RHIC and LHC energies, the number of nucleons-normalized charged particle and transverse energy density in pseudorapidity, which shows a monotonic rise with centrality, turns out to be an almost centrality independent scaling behaviour when normalized to the number of participant quarks. A universal function which is a combination of logarithmic and power-law, describes well the charged particle and transverse energy production both at nucleon and quark participant level for the whole range of collision energies. Energy dependent production mechanisms are discussed both for nucleonic and partonic level. Predictions are made for the pseudorapidity densities of transverse energy, charged particle multiplicity and their ratio (the barometric observable, $\\frac{dE_{\\rm{T}}/d\\eta}{dN_{\\rm{ch}}/d\\eta} ~\\equiv \\frac{E_{\\rm{T}}}{N_{\\rm{ch}}}$) at mid-rapidity for Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm{NN}}}=5.5$ TeV. A comparison with models based on gluon saturation and statistical hadron gas is made for the energy dependence of $\\frac{E_{\\rm{T}}}{N_{\\rm{ch}}}$.

Raghunath Sahoo; Aditya Nath Mishra

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

471

Low noise charge sensitive preamplifier DC stabilized without a physical resistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a novel charge sensitive preamplifier (CSP) which has no resistor in parallel with the feedback capacitor. No resetting circuit is required to discharge the feedback capacitor. The DC stabilization of the preamplifier is obtained by means of a second feedback loop between the preamplifier output and the common base transistor of the input cascode. The input transistor of the preamplifier is a Junction Field Transistor (JFET) with the gate-source junction forward biased. The detector leakage current flows into this junction. This invention is concerned with a new circuit configuration for a charge sensitive preamplifier and a novel use of the input Field Effect Transistor of the CSP itself. In particular this invention, in addition to eliminating the feedback resistor, eliminates the need for external devices between the detector and the preamplifier, and it eliminates the need for external circuitry to sense the output voltage and reset the CSP. Furthermore, the noise level of the novel CSP is very low, comparable with the performance achieved with other solutions. Experimental tests prove that this configuration for the charge sensitive preamplifier permits an excellent noise performance at temperatures including room temperature. An equivalent noise charge of less than 20 electrons r.m.s. has been measured at room temperature by using a commercial JFET as input device of the preamplifier.

Bertuccio, Giuseppe (Brianza, IT); Rehak, Pavel (Patchogue, NY); Xi, Deming (Beijing, CN)

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

472

Low noise charge sensitive preamplifier DC stabilized without a physical resistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a novel charge sensitive preamplifier (CSP) which has no resistor in parallel with the feedback capacitor. No resetting circuit is required to discharge the feedback capacitor. The DC stabilization of the preamplifier is obtained by means of a second feedback loop between the preamplifier output and the common base transistor of the input cascode. The input transistor of the preamplifier is a Junction Field Transistor (JFET) with the gate-source junction forward biased. The detector leakage current flows into this junction. This invention is concerned with a new circuit configuration for a charge sensitive preamplifier and a novel use of the input Field Effect Transistor of the CSP itself. In particular this invention, in addition to eliminating the feedback resistor, eliminates the need for external devices between the detector and the preamplifier, and it eliminates the need for external circuitry to sense the output voltage and reset the CSP. Furthermore, the noise level of the novel CSP is very low, comparable with the performance achieved with other solutions. Experimental tests prove that this configuration for the charge sensitive preamplifier permits an excellent noise performance at temperatures including room temperature. An equivalent noise charge of less than 20 electrons r.m.s. has been measured at room temperature by using a commercial JFET as input device of the preamplifier. 6 figs.

Bertuccio, G.; Rehak, P.; Xi, D.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

473

electricity rates for military bases | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electricity rates for military bases Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hi, I was hoping to find rates for military bases, but have been unable to find anything. Are they just charged as...

474

Workplace Charging Case Study: Charging Station Utilization at a Work Site with AC Level 1, AC Level 2, and DC Fast Charging Units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of electric vehicle charging stations installed at a large corporate office complex. It will be published to the INL website for viewing by the general public.

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The Charging-Scheduling Problem for Electric Vehicle Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Design, Singapore University of New Mexico, USA {zhumingpassional, yanglet, linghe.kong, rmshen, shu, mwu}@sjtu.edu.cn Abstract--Electric vehicle (EV) is a promising transportation with plenty of advantages, e.g., low carbon emission, high energy efficiency. However, it requires frequent and long time charging. In public charging

476

Charge Density of Divalent Metal Cations Determines RNA Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determined by a combination of counterion charge and the packing efficiency of condensed cations that depends RNAs that have regions of high negative potential interact even more strongly with counterions than of the phosphate charge arises from nonspecific condensation of counterions.4,10 The ionic radius of a metal cation

Thirumalai, Devarajan

477

EV Everywhere: NASCAR and Sprint Race Forward with Workplace Charging  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Today, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy David Danielson welcomed NASCAR and Sprint to the growing list of employers participating in the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge to help build the nation’s plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

478

Magnetic Charge Lattices, Moduli Spaces and Fusion Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the set of magnetic charges carried by smooth BPS monopoles in Yang-Mills-Higgs theory with arbitrary gauge group G spontaneously broken to a subgroup H. The charges are restricted by a generalized Dirac quantization condition and by an inequality due to Murray. Geometrically, the set of allowed charges is a solid cone in the coroot lattice of G, which we call the Murray cone. We argue that magnetic charge sectors correspond to points in the Murray cone divided by the Weyl group of H; hence magnetic charge sectors are labelled by dominant integral weights of the dual group H*. We define generators of the Murray cone modulo Weyl group, and interpret the monopoles in the associated magnetic charge sectors as basic; monopoles in sectors with decomposable charges are interpreted as composite configurations. This interpretation is supported by the dimensionality of the moduli spaces associated to the magnetic charges and by classical fusion properties for smooth monopoles in particular cases. Throughout the paper we compare our findings with corresponding results for singular monopoles recently obtained by Kapustin and Witten.

L. Kampmeijer; J. K. Slingerland; B. J. Schroers; F. A. Bais

2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

479

Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-efficiency as variables relating to price and profitability. The retail electricity market is a case in point, as highMergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges N° 2006-08 Mai 2006 Evens SALIES OFCE hal-00972962,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

480

Head-Tail Modes for Strong Space Charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Head-tail modes are described here for the space charge tune shift significantly exceeding the synchrotron tune. General equation for the modes is derived. Spatial shapes of the modes, their frequencies, and coherent growth rates are explored. The Landau damping rates are also found. Suppression of the transverse mode coupling instability by the space charge is explained.

Burov, Alexey

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Motion of charged particles in ABC magnetic fields Alejandro Luque #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion of charged particles in ABC magnetic fields Alejandro Luque # Departament de Matemâ?? atica consequences of our study are the existence of confinement regions of charges near some magnetic lines, magnetic field, Hamiltonian dynamical system, el­ liptic equilibrium point, quasi­periodic solution

482

Charge-Density Variation in a Model of Amorphous Silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A population analysis of the one-electron eigenfunctions of random-network models of amorphous silicon shows fluctuations of the net atomic charge of about 0.2 electron units rms. The majority of the charge is calculable from a linear function of the deviations of first-neighbor distance and of the interbond angle from their values in the crystal.

Lester Guttman, W. Y. Ching, and Jagannath Rath

1980-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Charge Density Effects in Salt-Free Polyelectrolyte Solution Rheology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 2-vinyl pyridine and N-methyl-2-vinyl pyridinium chloride random copolymers in ethylene glycol of 2-vinyl pyridine and N- methyl-2-vinyl pyridinium chloride (PMVP-Cl) of any charge density was studied over wide ranges of con- centration and effective charge. The fraction of quaternized monomers

Colby, Ralph H.

484

Conserved Charges and Thermodynamics of the Spinning Goedel Black Hole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compute the mass, angular momenta, and charge of the Goedel-type rotating black hole solution to five-dimensional minimal supergravity. A generalized Smarr formula is derived, and the first law of thermodynamics is verified. The computation rests on a new approach to conserved charges in gauge theories that allows for their computation at finite radius.

Barnich, Glenn; Compere, Geoffrey [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Limit on the electric charge-nonconserving $?^+ \\to invisible$ decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first limit on the branching ratio of the electric charge-nonconserving invisible muon decay $Br(\\mu^+ \\to invisible) invisible$ decay rate are discussed. These leptonic charge-nonconserving processes may hold in four-dimensional world in models with infinite extra dimensions, thus making their searches complementary to collider experiments probing new physics.

S. N. Gninenko

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

486

Self-similar and charged spheres in the diffusion approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study spherical, charged and self--similar distributions of matter in the diffusion approximation. We propose a simple, dynamic but physically meaningful solution. For such a solution we obtain a model in which the distribution becomes static and changes to dust. The collapse is halted with damped mass oscillations about the absolute value of the total charge.

Barreto, W

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Electric-charge quantization in the standard model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The logic of the construction of the standard model (with the usual minimal set of chiral fermions) as a consistent renormalizable theory necessarily leads to the quantization of electric charge and the absence of massless charged fermions, as well as the automatic cancellation of an anomaly in the divergence of the weak hypercharge current that could arise should a coupling to gravity be contemplated.

Serge Rudaz

1990-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Argonne CNM News: Charge Separation in Silver Clusters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Separation in Silver Clusters Charge Separation in Silver Clusters silver clusters Artist's rendering of silver clusters capped with organic ligand molecules. transient kinetics of silver clusters Transient kinetics showing charge recombination in ligand-stabilized silver clusters for different surrounding solvents (water-methanol mixture, acetone, and dichloromethane). Both charge separation and recombination events are faster in more polar solvents. Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) users from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Switzerland, working with the CNM Nanophotonics Group, have demonstrated the existence of long-lived charge-separated states in silver clusters. The clusters, synthesized chemically in solution, consist of exactly 44 silver atoms and are stabilized by exactly

489

NREL: Awards and Honors - Current Interrupt Charging Algorithm for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Current Interrupt Charging Algorithm for Lead-Acid Batteries Current Interrupt Charging Algorithm for Lead-Acid Batteries Developers: Matthew A. Keyser, Ahmad A. Pesaran, and Mark M. Mihalic, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Robert F. Nelson, Recombination Technologies; Elizabeth D. Sexton and John Olson, Optima Batteries, Inc. The current interrupt charging algorithm is a simple approach for recharging lead-acid batteries that extends the cycle life of the batteries by 300% to 400%. Lead-acid batteries used in electric vehicles have, up until now, lasted only about 150 to 200 deep discharge cycles. This is primarily because the batteries have been charged using a constant current and voltage. In contrast, NREL and its partners devised a new and much more efficient way to charge batteries. Their method involves applying a current

490

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Department of Justice press release announcing that a federal grand jury in the Eastern District of Tennessee has charged a former contract worker, Roy Lynn Oakley, at East Tennessee Technology Park with converting to his own use restricted government materials utilized for uranium enrichment and illegally transferring these restricted materials to another person, with reason to believe the materials would be used to injure the United States and secure an advantage to a foreign country. Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act More Documents & Publications

491

Novolyte Charging Up Electric Vehicle Sector | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Novolyte Charging Up Electric Vehicle Sector Novolyte Charging Up Electric Vehicle Sector Novolyte Charging Up Electric Vehicle Sector August 11, 2010 - 10:15am Addthis Electric vehicles are powered by electricity that comes in the form of electrically charged molecules known as ions. Those ions need a substance to transport them throughout the system as they travel from the anode to the cathode and back again. That substance is an electrolyte. | Staff Photo Illustration Electric vehicles are powered by electricity that comes in the form of electrically charged molecules known as ions. Those ions need a substance to transport them throughout the system as they travel from the anode to the cathode and back again. That substance is an electrolyte. | Staff Photo Illustration Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me?

492

Washington DC's First Electric Vehicle Charging Station | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington DC's First Electric Vehicle Charging Station Washington DC's First Electric Vehicle Charging Station Washington DC's First Electric Vehicle Charging Station November 17, 2010 - 11:28am Addthis Street signage for Washington, DC's first electric vehicle charging station located on the northwest corner of the intersection of U and 14th streets. | Department of Energy Photo | Street signage for Washington, DC's first electric vehicle charging station located on the northwest corner of the intersection of U and 14th streets. | Department of Energy Photo | Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program It's always exciting to attend a grand opening, especially when it represents a "first" for an entire region. Yesterday, the U.S. Department of Energy and the city of Washington, DC joined together to

493

Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for direct determination and visualization of the distribution of charge in a composite electrode. Using synchrotron X-ray microdiffraction, state-of-charge profiles in-plane and normal to the current collector were measured. In electrodes charged at high rate, the signatures of nonuniform current distribution were evident. The portion of a prismatic cell electrode closest to the current collector tab had the highest state of charge due to electronic resistance in the composite electrode and supporting foil. In a coin cell electrode, the active material at the electrode surface was more fully charged than that close to the current collector because the limiting factor in this case is ion conduction in the electrolyte contained within the porous electrode.

Liu, Jun; Kunz, Martin; Chen, Kai; Tamura, Nobumichi; Richardson, Thomas J.

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

494

New charged shear-free relativistic models with heat flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study shear-free spherically symmetric relativistic gravitating fluids with heat flow and electric charge. The solution to the Einstein-Maxwell system is governed by the generalised pressure isotropy condition which contains a contribution from the electric field. This condition is a highly nonlinear partial differential equation. We analyse this master equation using Lie's group theoretic approach. The Lie symmetry generators that leave the equation invariant are found. The first generator is independent of the electromagnetic field. The second generator depends critically on the form of the charge, which is determined explicitly in general. We provide exact solutions to the gravitational potentials using the symmetries admitted by the equation. Our new exact solutions contain earlier results without charge. We show that other charged solutions, related to the Lie symmetries, may be generated using the algorithm of Deng. This leads to new classes of charged Deng models which are generalisations of conformally flat metrics.

Y. Nyonyi; S. D. Maharaj; K. S. Govinder

2014-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

495

Determination of time zero from a charged particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method, system and computer program is used to determine a linear track having a good fit to a most likely or expected path of charged particle passing through a charged particle detector having a plurality of drift cells. Hit signals from the charged particle detector are associated with a particular charged particle track. An initial estimate of time zero is made from these hit signals and linear tracks are then fit to drift radii for each particular time-zero estimate. The linear track having the best fit is then searched and selected and errors in fit and tracking parameters computed. The use of large and expensive fast detectors needed to time zero in the charged particle detectors can be avoided by adopting this method and system.

Green, Jesse Andrew (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Charged steps on III-V compound semiconductor surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrical charge of steps on (110) surfaces of InP, GaP, and GaAs is probed by scanning tunneling microscopy. It is demonstrated that step edges, with and without kinks, are charged and have localized defect states in the band gap. The charge of indium-terminated step edges on p-type doped InP(110) after annealing is found to be independent of the step orientation, while a strong orientation dependence is observed for phosphorus-terminated steps. This is explained by a partial compensation of the charge due to rebonding after phosphorus desorption. The magnitude of charge is estimated to be in the range of +1e to +3e per lattice spacing. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

M. Heinrich, C. Domke, Ph. Ebert, and K. Urban

1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

New charged shear-free relativistic models with heat flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study shear-free spherically symmetric relativistic gravitating fluids with heat flow and electric charge. The solution to the Einstein-Maxwell system is governed by the generalised pressure isotropy condition which contains a contribution from the electric field. This condition is a highly nonlinear partial differential equation. We analyse this master equation using Lie's group theoretic approach. The Lie symmetry generators that leave the equation invariant are found. The first generator is independent of the electromagnetic field. The second generator depends critically on the form of the charge, which is determined explicitly in general. We provide exact solutions to the gravitational potentials using the symmetries admitted by the equation. Our new exact solutions contain earlier results without charge. We show that other charged solutions, related to the Lie symmetries, may be generated using the algorithm of Deng. This leads to new classes of charged Deng models which are generalisations of conform...

Nyonyi, Y; Govinder, K S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Print Wednesday, 29 October 2008 00:00 Graphene-a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice-has very high conductivity that can be tuned by applying a gate voltage. The charge carriers in graphene can travel ballistically over great distances (~1 micron) without scattering. These unusual electronic properties make graphene a promising candidate for future nanoelectronics. Using infrared spectromicroscopy at ALS Beamline 1.4, a group of researchers from the University of California at San Diego, Columbia University, and the ALS has succeeded in probing the dynamical properties of the charge carriers in graphene with an accuracy never before achieved. Their results have uncovered signatures of many-body interactions in graphene and have demonstrated the potential of graphene for novel applications in optoelectronics.

499

Thirteen Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Charging  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Charging Challenge Thirteen Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Charging Challenge January 31, 2013 - 11:38am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced 13 major U.S. employers and eight stakeholder groups have joined the new Workplace Charging Challenge to help expand access to workplace charging stations for American workers across the country. In a speech at the Washington Auto Show, Secretary Chu outlined the new initiative, which aims to expand the availability of workplace charging, increasing the convenience of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and providing drivers with more options. "The market for electric vehicles is expanding dramatically, giving

500

Charged anisotropic matter with linear or nonlinear equation of state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ivanov pointed out substantial analytical difficulties associated with self-gravitating, static, isotropic fluid spheres when pressure explicitly depends on matter density. Simplifications achieved with the introduction of electric charge were noticed as well. We deal with self-gravitating, charged, anisotropic fluids and get even more flexibility in solving the Einstein-Maxwell equations. In order to discuss analytical solutions we extend Krori and Barua’s method to include pressure anisotropy and linear or nonlinear equations of state. The field equations are reduced to a system of three algebraic equations for the anisotropic pressures as well as matter and electrostatic energy densities. Attention is paid to compact sources characterized by positive matter density and positive radial pressure. Arising solutions satisfy the energy conditions of general relativity. Spheres with vanishing net charge contain fluid elements with unbounded proper charge density located at the fluid-vacuum interface. Notably the electric force acting on these fluid elements is finite, although the acting electric field is zero. Net charges can be huge (1019C) and maximum electric field intensities are very large (1023–1024??statvolt/cm) even in the case of zero net charge. Inward-directed fluid forces caused by pressure anisotropy may allow equilibrium configurations with larger net charges and electric field intensities than those found in studies of charged isotropic fluids. Links of these results with charged strange quark stars as well as models of dark matter including massive charged particles are highlighted. The van der Waals equation of state leading to matter densities constrained by cubic polynomial equations is briefly considered. The fundamental question of stability is left open.

Victor Varela; Farook Rahaman; Saibal Ray; Koushik Chakraborty; Mehedi Kalam

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z