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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

GPRS Based Remote Monitoring and Controlling System for Oil Delivery Truck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the oil retail market, to participate into the whole oil sale process is an urgent demand for oil retail company. As a respond to this situation, a GPRS based remote monitoring and controlling system for oil delivery truck is proposed in this paper. ... Keywords: GPRS, oil delivery, ATmega16

Yang Jia-zhi; Shen Xian-hao

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Modeling priority-based incentive policies for peer-assisted content delivery systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Content delivery providers can improve their service scalability and offload their servers by making use of content transfers among their clients. To provide peers with incentive to transfer data to other peers, protocols such as BitTorrent typically ... Keywords: modeling, peer-assisted content delivery, priority-based incentive

Niklas Carlsson; Derek L. Eager

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Highly charged ion based time of flight emission microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A highly charged ion based time-of-flight emission microscope has been designed, which improves the surface sensitivity of static SIMS measurements because of the higher ionization probability of highly charged ions. Slow, highly charged ions are produced in an electron beam ion trap and are directed to the sample surface. The sputtered secondary ions and electrons pass through a specially designed objective lens to a microchannel plate detector. This new instrument permits high surface sensitivity (10.sup.10 atoms/cm.sup.2), high spatial resolution (100 nm), and chemical structural information due to the high molecular ion yields. The high secondary ion yield permits coincidence counting, which can be used to enhance determination of chemical and topological structure and to correlate specific molecular species.

Barnes, Alan V. (Livermore, CA); Schenkel, Thomas (San Francisco, CA); Hamza, Alex V. (Livermore, CA); Schneider, Dieter H. (Livermore, CA); Doyle, Barney (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Constraint-Based charging scheduler design for electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an efficient charging scheduler for electric vehicles and measures its performance, aiming at reducing peak power consumption while satisfying the diverse constraints specified in each charging request. Upon the arrival of a charging ...

Hye-Jin Kim; Junghoon Lee; Gyung-Leen Park

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Model-Based Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Medium-duty vehicles are used in a broad array of fleet applications, including parcel delivery. These vehicles are excellent candidates for electric drive applications due to their transient-intensive duty cycles, operation in densely populated areas, and relatively high fuel consumption and emissions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted a robust assessment of parcel delivery routes and completed a model-based techno-economic analysis of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle configurations. First, NREL characterized parcel delivery vehicle usage patterns, most notably daily distance driven and drive cycle intensity. Second, drive-cycle analysis results framed the selection of drive cycles used to test a parcel delivery HEV on a chassis dynamometer. Next, measured fuel consumption results were used to validate simulated fuel consumption values derived from a dynamic model of the parcel delivery vehicle. Finally, NREL swept a matrix of 120 component size, usage, and cost combinations to assess impacts on fuel consumption and vehicle cost. The results illustrated the dependency of component sizing on drive-cycle intensity and daily distance driven and may allow parcel delivery fleets to match the most appropriate electric drive vehicle to their fleet usage profile.

Barnitt, R. A.; Brooker, A. D.; Ramroth, L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Electron Charged Graphite-based Hydrogen Storage Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electron-charge effects have been demonstrated to enhance hydrogen storage capacity using materials which have inherent hydrogen storage capacities. A charge control agent (CCA) or a charge transfer agent (CTA) was applied to the hydrogen storage material to reduce internal discharge between particles in a Sievert volumetric test device. GTI has tested the device under (1) electrostatic charge mode; (2) ultra-capacitor mode; and (3) metal-hydride mode. GTI has also analyzed the charge distribution on storage materials. The charge control agent and charge transfer agent are needed to prevent internal charge leaks so that the hydrogen atoms can stay on the storage material. GTI has analyzed the hydrogen fueling tank structure, which contains an air or liquid heat exchange framework. The cooling structure is needed for hydrogen fueling/releasing. We found that the cooling structure could be used as electron-charged electrodes, which will exhibit a very uniform charge distribution (because the cooling system needs to remove heat uniformly). Therefore, the electron-charge concept does not have any burden of cost and weight for the hydrogen storage tank system. The energy consumption for the electron-charge enhancement method is quite low or omitted for electrostatic mode and ultra-capacitor mode in comparison of other hydrogen storage methods; however, it could be high for the battery mode.

Dr. Chinbay Q. Fan; D Manager

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

7

A Cassette Based System for Hydrogen Storage and Delivery  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydrogen storage system is described and evaluated. This is based upon a cassette, that is a container for managing hydrogen storage materials. The container is designed to be safe, modular, adaptable to different chemistries, inexpensive, and transportable. A second module receives the cassette and provides the necessary infrastructure to deliver hydrogen from the cassette according to enduser requirements. The modular concept has a number of advantages over approaches that are all in one stand alone systems. The advantages of a cassette based system are discussed, along with results from model and laboratory testing.

Britton Wayne E.

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

8

Charge Dynamics Breakthrough May Improve Organic-Based PV Device...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scientists working on molecular systems comprising the active element of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices develop a new understanding of the processes responsible for charge...

9

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 8 Lipid Nano-vehicles Based on Lyotropic Liquid Crystals as Drug Delivery Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 8 Lipid Nano-vehicles Based on Lyotropic Liquid Crystals as Drug Delivery Vehicles Food Science Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry P

10

Postoperative Irradiation of Gynecologic Malignancies: Improving Treatment Delivery Using Aperture-Based Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate dosimetric and treatment delivery advantages of aperture-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy (AB-IMRT) for the treatment of patients receiving whole pelvic radiotherapy for gynecologic malignancies. Methods and Materials: Nineteen patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy after resection of endometrial cancers were selected. A 45-Gy dose was prescribed to the target volume delineated on a planning CT scan. An in-house inverse planning system, Ballista, was used to develop a treatment plan using aperture-based multileaf collimator segments. This approach was compared with conventional four-field, enlarged four-field, and static beamlet-based IMRT (BB-IMRT) techniques in terms of target coverage, dose-volume histogram statistics for surrounding normal tissues, and numbers of segments and monitor units (MU). Results: Three quarters (76.4%) of the planning target volume received the prescription dose with conventional four-field plans. With adequate target coverage, the Ballista plans significantly reduced the volume of bowel and bladder irradiated at the prescribed dose (p < 0.001), whereas the two approaches provided equivalent results for the rectum (p 0.5). On the other hand, AB-IMRT and BB-IMRT plans showed only small differences in dose-volume histogram statistics of unknown clinical impact, whereas Ballista plan delivery required on average 73% and 59% fewer segments and MU, respectively. Conclusion: With respect to conventional techniques, AB-IMRT for the treatment of gynecologic malignancies provides dosimetric advantages similar to those with BB-IMRT but with clear treatment delivery improvements.

Nadeau, Sylvain [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada) and Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada)]. E-mail: sylvainn@rrsb.nb.ca; Bouchard, Myriam [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Germain, Isabelle [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Raymond, Paul-Emile [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Beaulieu, Frederic [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Roy, Rene [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Gingras, Luc [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l' Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Asynchronous Sigma-Delta analog-to digital converter based on the charge pump integrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of the asynchronous Sigma-Delta analog-to-digital converter (ASD-ADC) based on the charge pump integrator is discussed in the paper. A two-level conversion scheme is utilized. The first level is accomplished by amplitude-to-pulse-width mapping ... Keywords: Asynchronous Sigma-Delta modulation, Asynchronous circuits, Charge pump, Time quantization, Time-to-digital conversion

Dariusz Ko?cielnik; Marek Mi?kowicz

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Secondary ion coincidence in highly charged ion based secondary ion mass spectroscopy for process characterization  

SciTech Connect

Coincidence counting in highly charged ion based secondary ion mass spectroscopy has been applied to the characterization of selective tungsten deposition via disilane reduction of tungsten hexafluoride on a patterned SiO{sub 2}/Si wafer. The high secondary ion yield and the secondary ion emission from a small area produced by highly charged ions make the coincidence technique very powerful.

Hamza, A.V.; Schenkel, T.; Barnes, A.V.; Schneider, D.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California, 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California, 94551 (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

TRANSFORMING ELECTRICITY DELIVERY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRANSFORMING ELECTRICITY DELIVERY TRANSFORMING ELECTRICITY DELIVERY Designing research, development, and demonstration programs based on a future look at electric power delivery...

14

Information kiosk based Indian e-governance service delivery: value chain based measurement and acceptance modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Globally, e-governance systems are evolving towards wider acceptance. Almost all the countries have embraced e-governance as part of their long term policy. Contemporary e-governance implementation efforts however, are not free from challenges. While ... Keywords: e-governance, information kiosk based services, modeling citizen acceptance, user centered services, user interfaces, value chain

Harekrishna Misra

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Studies of space-charge-dominated multispecies beam in a solenoid based beam transport line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A self-consistent particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation is used to study the transport properties of a space-charge-dominated multispecies beam propagating through a solenoid-based low energy beam transport line. The evolution of the beam radius and emittance growth of each species arising due to the nonlinear space-charge forces has been investigated. The self-consistent PIC simulation shows the formation of hollow density profiles of subdominant unwanted species around the primary beam, downstream of the transport line. We have utilized this effect for efficient removal of unwanted species by making use of a slit at a suitable location in the beam line.

Sing Babu, P.; Goswami, A.; Pandit, V. S. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700064 (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

16

Molecular Ensemble Based Remote Quantum Storage for Charge Qubit via Quasi-Dark State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a quantum storage scheme independent of the current time-control schemes, and study a "quantum data bus" (transmission line resonator) in a hybrid system consisting of a circuit QED system integrated with a cold molecular ensemble. Here, an effective interaction between charge qubit and molecule is mediated by the off-resonate field in the data bus. Correspondingly, the charge state can be mapped into the collective quasi-spin state of the molecular ensemble via the standard dark state based adiabatic manipulation.

Zhang, H R; Gong, Z R; Sun, C P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Molecular Ensemble Based Remote Quantum Storage for Charge Qubit via Quasi-Dark State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a quantum storage scheme independent of the current time-control schemes, and study a "quantum data bus" (transmission line resonator) in a hybrid system consisting of a circuit QED system integrated with a cold molecular ensemble. Here, an effective interaction between charge qubit and molecule is mediated by the off-resonate field in the data bus. Correspondingly, the charge state can be mapped into the collective quasi-spin state of the molecular ensemble via the standard dark state based adiabatic manipulation.

H. R. Zhang; Y. B. Gao; Z. R. Gong; C. P. Sun

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

18

H2A Delivery Models and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of well defined "base cases" that span major markets and demand levels: Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) * Estimate the cost of H 2 delivery for base cases. *...

19

Clustering-based methodology for analyzing near-miss reports and identifying risks in healthcare delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Near-miss reports are qualitative descriptions of events that could have harmed patients but did not due to a timely intervention or a convenient evolution of the circumstances. Near-miss reporting has increasingly become a relevant tool to support patient ... Keywords: Clustering incident reports, Health care delivery, Near-miss, Patient safety, Risk identification

Laila Cure; José Zayas-Castro; Peter Fabri

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Hydrogen Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mark Paster Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technology Program Hydrogen Production and Delivery Team Hydrogen Delivery Goal Hydrogen Delivery Goal Liquid H 2 & Chem. Carriers Gaseous Pipeline Truck Hydrides Liquid H 2 - Truck - Rail Other Carriers Onsite reforming Develop Develop hydrogen fuel hydrogen fuel delivery delivery technologies that technologies that enable the introduction and enable the introduction and long long - - term viability of term viability of hydrogen as an energy hydrogen as an energy carrier for transportation carrier for transportation and stationary power. and stationary power. Delivery Options * End Game - Pipelines - Other as needed * Breakthrough Hydrogen Carriers * Truck: HP Gas & Liquid Hydrogen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Document Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery The Research Library can order journal articles, conference papers and book chapters not found in the Library collection for LANL staff. The service is provided by...

22

Demand Dispatch Based on Smart Charging of Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncontrolled charging of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) has a negative impact on the peak load and brings potential challenges to electric utility. In this paper, we apply a statistical load model of PEVs charging demand to simulate the driving habits ... Keywords: Plug-in Electric Vehicles, Demand dispatch, Smart charging, Driving habits, Load model

Ting Wu, Gang Wu, Zhejing Bao, Wenjun Yan, Yiyan Zhang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Electrochemistry theorem based state-of-charge estimation of the lead acid batteries for electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for the estimation of the state-of-charge in lead-acid batteries for electric vehicles is investigated. The electrochemistry theorem is introduced to measure the resistance effect of the electrode reaction and to estimate the internal energy ... Keywords: digital signal processor, electric vehicles, electrode reaction, electrolyte specific gravity, lead-acid battery, state-of-charge

Ying-Shing Shiao; Ding-Tsair Su; Jui-Liang Yang; Rong-Wen Hung

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Evaluation of prediction error effects in wind energy-based electric vehicle charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper first presents a battery operation scheduler for the sake of practical integration of wind energy generation and electric vehicle charging, and then measures its performance mainly focusing on the effect of wind speed prediction errors. The ... Keywords: battery operation scheduler, electric vehicle charging, renewable energy gain, smart grid, wind energy

Junghoon Lee, Gyung-Leen Park, Il-Woo Lee, Wan Ki Park

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Optimization of Stereotactic Radiotherapy Treatment Delivery Technique for Base-Of-Skull Meningiomas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares static conformal field (CF), intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and dynamic arcs (DA) for the stereotactic radiotherapy of base-of-skull meningiomas. Twenty-one cases of base-of-skull meningioma (median planning target volume [PTV] = 21.3 cm{sup 3}) previously treated with stereotactic radiotherapy were replanned with each technique. The plans were compared for Radiation Therapy Oncology Group conformity index (CI) and homogeneity index (HI), and doses to normal structures at 6 dose values from 50.4 Gy to 5.6 Gy. The mean CI was 1.75 (CF), 1.75 (DA), and 1.66 (IMRT) (p gland. These results demonstrate that stereotactic IMRT should be considered to treat base-of-skull meningiomas with a PTV larger than 25 cm{sup 3}, due to improved conformity and normal tissue sparing, in particular for the brain stem and ipsilateral temporal lobe.

Clark, Brenda G. [Departments of Medical Physics, Radiation Oncology, and Radiology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)], E-mail: brclark@ottawahospital.on.ca; Candish, Charles; Vollans, Emily; Gete, Ermias; Lee, Richard; Martin, Monty; Ma, Roy; McKenzie, Michael [Departments of Medical Physics, Radiation Oncology, and Radiology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Coca-Cola Charges Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks on AddThis.com... Aug. 18, 2012 Coca-Cola Charges Forward With Hybrid Delivery Trucks

27

Radiochromic film based transit dosimetry for verification of dose delivery with intensity modulated radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the transit dose based patient specific quality assurance (QA) of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for verification of the accuracy of dose delivered to the patient. Methods: Five IMRT plans were selected and utilized to irradiate a homogeneous plastic water phantom and an inhomogeneous anthropomorphic phantom. The transit dose distribution was measured with radiochromic film and was compared with the computed dose map on the same plane using a gamma index with a 3% dose and a 3 mm distance-to-dose agreement tolerance limit. Results: While the average gamma index for comparisons of dose distributions was less than one for 98.9% of all pixels from the transit dose with the homogeneous phantom, the passing rate was reduced to 95.0% for the transit dose with the inhomogeneous phantom. Transit doses due to a 5 mm setup error may cause up to a 50% failure rate of the gamma index. Conclusions: Transit dose based IMRT QA may be superior to the traditional QA method since the former can show whether the inhomogeneity correction algorithm from TPS is accurate. In addition, transit dose based IMRT QA can be used to verify the accuracy of the dose delivered to the patient during treatment by revealing significant increases in the failure rate of the gamma index resulting from errors in patient positioning during treatment.

Chung, Kwangzoo; Lee, Kiho; Shin, Dongho; Kyung Lim, Young; Byeong Lee, Se [Proton Therapy Center, National Cancer Center, Goyang 410-769 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Myonggeun; Son, Jaeman [Department of Radiological Science, College of Health Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-703 (Korea, Republic of); Yong Park, Sung [Proton Therapy Center, McLaren Cancer Institute, Flint, Michigan 48532 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Charge Dynamics Breakthrough May Improve Organic-Based PV Device Efficiencies (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) scientists working on molecular systems comprising the active element of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices develop a new understanding of the processes responsible for charge generation in organic bulk heterojunctions.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): A delivery medium for CBT (computer-based training)  

SciTech Connect

Computer-based training (CBT) development has evolved from electronic page turners to a sophisticated instructional environment. The use of numerous large image files, large digital audio files, and complex computer-generated graphics files places great demands on a system's capacity for binary storage (disk space). One solution is the use of compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM). The explosive growth of CD-ROM players in the marketplace makes CD-ROM a viable delivery medium for CBT. Recently, a CBT package for radiation protection technicians at Los Alamos National Laboratory was produced on CD-ROM. The course is delivered on a multimedia system consisting of the following: MS DOS-based computer, CD-ROM player, high-resolution video graphics array monitor, scanned color images with graphic overlays, digital audio, and mouse interface. This paper will allow the reader to assess the appropriateness of CD-ROM for a specific project, report on lessons learned from the RPT project, demonstrate that CD-ROM is within reach of the average CBT developer, and provide guidelines for successfully developing CD-ROM based CBT. This paper can serve as a basic primer on how to adapt CD-ROM as a CBT medium. Some of the technical aspects that are discussed are listed here: CD-ROM basics for CBT development, availability of low-cost development environments, file organization, optimization of CD-ROM response times, effective use of digital audio and still frame graphics, and animation with CD-ROM.

Luettgen, A.L.; Houghton, F.K.; Andrews, A.E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Cost Comparison of Public Elementary School Construction Costs Based on Project Delivery System in the State of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If a correlation exists between cost and project delivery system then this is crucial knowledge for any group organizing a new construction project. It has been observed anecdotally that the construction cost per student of public elementary schools has been observed to continue to increase in the state of Texas, even with the recent downturn in the economy. The recent economic depression in the USA has seen construction material costs stagnate and construction costs dropping. This is a direct result of the competitive nature of a market that has a lack of business. The issue of a rising cost at the time of a falling market is of more than a passing research interest to school superintendents and the people of Texas. This study investigated the relationship between cost and project delivery systems. A survey was sent to all school superintendents in Texas requesting recent data on elementary school enrollment, project delivery type and construction costs. One hundred and thirty six responses were received from one thousand and seventy six Texas school districts. A comparative means test was used to determine if a relationship exists between construction cost per student and project delivery system for public elementary schools in Texas. The research shows that Texas school districts are primarily using two types of project delivery systems for their new school construction, Construction Management at Risk and Competitive Sealed Proposals. After comparing the average construction cost per student for these two project delivery systems, the statistical analysis showed that Competitive Sealed Proposals cost approximately four thousand dollar less per student than Construction Management at Risk. The clear question is then as to why are districts using Construction Management at Risk when the comparative benefits of the contract type are not worth this amount of money per student.

Reinisch, Ashley

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

A new saving-based ant algorithm for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Simultaneous Pickup and Delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Vehicle Routing Problem with Pickup and Delivery (VRPPD) is a variant of the Vehicle Routing Problem where the vehicles are not only required to deliver goods but also to pick up some goods from the customers. Given a fleet of vehicles and a set ... Keywords: Ant Colony Optimization, Metaheuristics, Reverse logistics, Vehicle routing

Bülent Çatay

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Thermal treatment effects on charge storage performance of graphene-based materials for supercapacitors  

SciTech Connect

Graphene materials were synthesized by reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide sheets by hydrazine hydrate and then thermally treated in nitrogen to improve the surface area and their electrochemical performance as electrical double-layer capacitor electrodes. The structural and surface properties of the prepared reduced graphite oxide (RGO) were investigated using atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectra, X-ray diffraction, and nitrogen adsorption / desorption. RGO forms a continuous network of crumpled sheets, which consist of numerous few-layer and single-layer graphenes. Electrochemical studies were conducted by cyclic voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. The modified RGO materials showed enhanced electrochemical performance, with maximum specific capacitance of 96 F/g, energy density of 12.8 Wh/kg, and power density of 160 kW/kg. The results demonstrate that thermal treatment of RGO at selected conditions is a convenient and efficient method for improving specific capacitance, energy, and power density.

Zhang, Hongxin [ORNL; Bhat, Vinay V [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Contescu, Cristian I [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Radiation delivery system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation delivery system and method are described. The system includes a treatment configuration such as a stent, balloon catheter, wire, ribbon, or the like, a portion of which is covered with a gold layer. Chemisorbed to the gold layer is a radiation-emitting self-assembled monolayer or a radiation-emitting polymer. The radiation delivery system is compatible with medical catheter-based technologies to provide a therapeutic dose of radiation to a lesion following an angioplasty procedure.

Sorensen, Scott A. (Overland Park, KS); Robison, Thomas W. (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Craig M. V. (Jemez Springs, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

model for delivery system component costs and performance: Components Model Delivery scenario model for Urban and Rural Interstate markets and demand levels (Mkt....

35

LNG – Engine Delivery  

This is a method of improved delivery of liquid natural gas (LNG) within an engine delivery system. The LNG gas is first be pumped into the insulated ...

36

Office of Electricity Delivery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Smart Grid R&D Program DOE Microgrid Workshop Report August 30-31, 2011 San Diego, California ii Acknowledgment The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) would like to acknowledge the support provided by the organizations represented on the workshop planning committee in developing the workshop process and sessions. The preparation of this workshop report was coordinated by Energy & Environmental Resources Group, LLC (E2RG). The report content is based on the workshop session discussions, with session summary descriptions taken from the report-out presentations by individual teams during the closing plenary. Contributions to this report by all workshop participants, via expressed viewpoints during the

37

Method and apparatus for measuring the state of charge in a battery based on volume of battery components  

SciTech Connect

The state of charge of electrochemical batteries of different kinds is determined by measuring the incremental change in the total volume of the reactive masses in the battery. The invention is based on the principle that all electrochemical batteries, either primary or secondary (rechargeable), produce electricity through a chemical reaction with at least one electrode, and the chemical reactions produce certain changes in the composition and density of the electrode. The reactive masses of the electrodes, the electrolyte, and any separator or spacers are usually contained inside a battery casing of a certain volume. As the battery is used, or recharged, the specific volume of at least one of the electrode masses will change and, since the masses of the materials do not change considerably, the total volume occupied by at least one of the electrodes will change. These volume changes may be measured in many different ways and related to the state of charge in the battery. In one embodiment, the volume change can be measured by monitoring the small changes in one of the principal dimensions of the battery casing as it expands or shrinks to accommodate the combined volumes of its components.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

38

FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Hydrogen Delivery R&D Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Delivery R&D Activities to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Hydrogen Delivery R&D Activities on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Hydrogen Delivery...

39

Kilogram Scale Synthesis of a Triazine-based Dendrimer and the Development of a General Strategy for the Installation of Pharmacophores to Yield Potential Drug Delivery Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diverse dendrimer peripheries are often produced through convergent synthesis with multiple protection-deprotection steps. Achieving such diversity while maintaining monodispersity, has previously proven problematic. Interception of an electrophilic poly(monochlorotriazine) dendrimer with a molecule of interest bearing a reactive, nucleophilic group presents an efficient method to achieve large quantities of dendrimers with biologically relevant peripheries. Kilogram-scale synthesis of a triazine-based dendrimer relies on reaction of the dichlorotriazine monomer with the amine terminated dendrimer to afford a poly(monochlorotriazine) dendrimer. Normally, the dendrimer is then reacted with piperidine, an inexpensive “cap” due to its chemically inert nature after reaction. The dendrimer then undergoes a global deprotection to afford an amine-terminated dendrimer. Subsequent iterations with the dichlorotriazine monomer affords higher generation architectures. Intercepting the poly(monochlorotriazine) dendrimer with biologically relevant molecules containing reactive amines enables the development of a drug delivery vehicle. Desferrioxamine B, an iron chelate, and camptothecin, and anticancer drug, are two clinically approved drugs of interest investigated for macromolecular drug delivery. Upon acylation of each drug with BOC-isonipecotic acid, substitution on the dendrimer may occur with varying levels of success depending on the drug in question. Upon successful substitution to afford the desired product,biological studies may be performed. Each synthetic approach will be discussed along with alternative routes leading to this general strategy.

Venditto, Vincent J.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Cost and Area Comparison Per Student of the Public Elementary Schools in Texas based on the Project Delivery Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been shown that there exists a correlation between the cost of construction of elementary schools and the project delivery systems. Previous research showed that Competitive Sealed proposal contract method of construction is $4000 cheaper than the Construction Manager at Risk method of construction per student for elementary school construction in Texas. This research investigates the elements causing construction cost variation in elementary schools of Texas by comparing and contrasting the two forms of contract documents, CSP and CMR. Two schools were selected for the study, although the schools are technically in different regions of Texas, the geological record suggests that there is not much difference in the techniques used for foundation construction and hence a reasonable comparison is possible. A comparison was completed of the contract documents for two elementary schools. School A was built using CSP and School B using CMR. The two schools were built for about $13000 per student in line with A. N. Reinisch’s findings for CSP contracts in Texas, but not CMR average costs. The two ISD’s who supplied the documents were clearly concerned at cost control and appear to have managed this process. The earlier findings of a cost difference between CSP and CMR are not overturned by this study. Future studies involving a greater number of schools and the development of a central database are recommended.

Goyal Rakesh, Sheetal

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modeling of the charging characteristic of linear-type superconducting power supply using granular-based radial basis function neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since superconducting coils cause the current decay due to connection resistance and intrinsic characteristic in the persistent current mode, various current compensations should be required to maintain stable property in the superconducting magnet system. ... Keywords: Charging characteristic, Fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering method, Granular-based radial basis function neural network, Information granules, K-means clustering, Linear-type superconducting power supply

H. -S. Park; W. Pedrycz; Y. -D. Chung; S. -K. Oh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fuzzy Clustering Based Multi-model Support Vector Regression State of Charge Estimator for Lithium-ion Battery of Electric Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on fuzzy clustering and multi-model support vector regression, a novel lithium-ion battery state of charge (SOC) estimating model for electric vehicle is proposed. Fuzzy C-means and Subtractive clustering combined algorithm is employed to implement ...

Xiaosong Hu; Fengchun Sun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Energy Storage & Delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Storage & Delivery. Summary: Schematic of Membrane Molecular Structure The goal of the project is to develop ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

44

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Car Charging Group, Inc. Place Miami Beach, Florida Product Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge...

45

Articulating feedstock delivery device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fully articulable feedstock delivery device that is designed to operate at pressure and temperature extremes. The device incorporates an articulating ball assembly which allows for more accurate delivery of the feedstock to a target location. The device is suitable for a variety of applications including, but not limited to, delivery of feedstock to a high-pressure reaction chamber or process zone.

Jordan, Kevin

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

46

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 28, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2013 2373 Market-Based Control in Emerging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrical distribution systems, a multi- tude of self-interested individual decision makers interacts among prosumers, market- based control needs to make prosumer benets aligned with reg- ulator/DSOs concerns, thus]. With these additional technical and market possibilities, mi- croplayer-like electricity end users are entitled

Nesterov, Yurii

47

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery. 35 figs.

Rouhani, S.Z.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

48

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

SciTech Connect

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

distributed production facilities have relatively low delivery costs, but the hydrogen production costs are likely to be higher-lower volume production means higher equipment...

50

Negative differential conductance in InAs wire based double quantum dot induced by a charged AFM tip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the conductance of an InAs nanowire in the nonlinear regime in the case of low electron density where the wire is split into quantum dots connected in series. The negative differential conductance in the wire is initiated by means of a charged atomic force microscope tip adjusting the transparency of the tunneling barrier between two adjoining quantum dots. We confirm that the negative differential conductance arises due to the resonant tunneling between these two adjoining quantum dots. The influence of the transparency of the blocking barriers and the relative position of energy states in the adjoining dots on a decrease of the negative differential conductance is investigated in detail.

Zhukov, A. A., E-mail: azhukov@issp.ac.ru [Russian Academy of Science, Institute of Solid State Physics (Russian Federation); Volk, Ch.; Winden, A.; Hardtdegen, H.; Schaepers, Th. [Peter Gruenberg Institut (PGI-9) (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Contribution of Partial Charge Interactions and Base Stacking to the Efficiency of Primer Extension at and beyond Abasic Sites in DNA  

SciTech Connect

During DNA synthesis, base stacking and Watson-Crick (WC) hydrogen bonding increase the stability of nascent base pairs when they are in a ternary complex. To evaluate the contribution of base stacking to the incorporation efficiency of dNTPs when a DNA polymerase encounters an abasic site, we varied the penultimate base pairs (PBs) adjacent to the abasic site using all 16 possible combinations. We then determined pre-steady-state kinetic parameters with an RB69 DNA polymerase variant and solved nine structures of the corresponding ternary complexes. The efficiency of incorporation for incoming dNTPs opposite an abasic site varied between 2- and 210-fold depending on the identity of the PB. We propose that the A rule can be extended to encompass the fact that DNA polymerase can bypass dA/abasic sites more efficiently than other dN/abasic sites. Crystal structures of the ternary complexes show that the surface of the incoming base was stacked against the PB's interface and that the kinetic parameters for dNMP incorporation were consistent with specific features of base stacking, such as surface area and partial charge-charge interactions between the incoming base and the PB. Without a templating nucleotide residue, an incoming dNTP has no base with which it can hydrogen bond and cannot be desolvated, so that these surrounding water molecules become ordered and remain on the PB's surface in the ternary complex. When these water molecules are on top of a hydrophobic patch on the PB, they destabilize the ternary complex, and the incorporation efficiency of incoming dNTPs is reduced.

Xia, Shuangluo; Vashishtha, Ashwani; Bulkley, David; Eom, Soo Hyun; Wang, Jimin; Konigsberg, William H. (Yale); (Gwangju)

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

52

Investigation on the Charging Process of Li2O2-Based Air Electrodes in Li-O2 Batteries with Organic Carbonate Electrolytes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The charge processes of Li-O2 batteries were investigated by analyzing the gas evolution by in situ gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) technique. The mixture of Li2O2/Fe3O4/Super P carbon/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was used as the starting air electrode material and 1M LiTFSI in carbonate-based solvents was used as electrolyte. It was found that Li2O2 is reactive to 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and PVDF binder used in the electrode preparation. During the 1st charge (up to 4.6 V), O2 was the main component in the gases released. The amount of O2 measured by GC/MS was consistent with the amount of Li2O2 decomposed in the electrochemical process as measured by the charge capacity, indicative of the good chargeability of Li2O2. However, after the cell was discharged to 2.0 V in O2 atmosphere and re-charged to ~ 4.6 V in the second cycle, CO2 was dominant in the released gases. Further analysis of the discharged air electrode by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that lithium-containing carbonate species (lithium alkyl carbonate and/or Li2CO3) were the main reaction products. Therefore, compatible electrolyte and electrodes as well as the electrode preparation procedures need to be developed for long term operation of rechargeable Li-O2 or Li-air batteries.

Xu, Wu; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Wang, Deyu; Towne, Silas A.; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Hu, Dehong; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.5 seconds 0.5 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 83.2 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 100.6 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 10.6 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 82.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 101.9 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 145.1 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6,10 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 10 118.5 2.85 10 53.0 1.80 20 116.8 5.49 20 56.6 3.37 40 116.0 10.50 40 58.0 6.38 60 90.7 11.34 60 55.3 9.48 80 76.6 11.34 80 51.4 11.11 100 68.0 11.34 100 47.2 11.13 200 50.9 11.34 200 38.7 11.13 Fuel Economy with A/C Off 1 Cold Start Charge Depleting 2 : Fuel Economy: 119.7 MPG AC kWh Consumed 7 : 0.282 kWh/mi Charge Depleting

54

Electric:SpaceCharge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Electric:SpaceCharge. Prev, 6.4.1. Material Properties, Next. Name. Electric:SpaceCharge — Spatial charge density. Details. ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

55

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 seconds 3 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.3 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.3 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 103.4 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 13.4 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.4 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 153.0 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

56

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 seconds 0 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.1 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.9 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 12.8 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.0 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 105.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 126.8 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

57

High dynamic range charge measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charge amplifier for use in radiation sensing includes an amplifier, at least one switch, and at least one capacitor. The switch selectively couples the input of the switch to one of at least two voltages. The capacitor is electrically coupled in series between the input of the amplifier and the input of the switch. The capacitor is electrically coupled to the input of the amplifier without a switch coupled therebetween. A method of measuring charge in radiation sensing includes selectively diverting charge from an input of an amplifier to an input of at least one capacitor by selectively coupling an output of the at least one capacitor to one of at least two voltages. The input of the at least one capacitor is operatively coupled to the input of the amplifier without a switch coupled therebetween. The method also includes calculating a total charge based on a sum of the amplified charge and the diverted charge.

De Geronimo, Gianluigi

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

58

Calculation of spectral and Rosseland paths in a plasma with multiply charged ions based on a statistical approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The semiclassical approach to determine the Fourier components of the electron dipole moment disregarding polarization (noninteracting electron model) is used for analyzing ion oscillator strengths and determining the radiation properties of plasmas consisting of multiply charged ions of heavy elements. The oscillator strength distribution df/d{omega} (proportional to the photoabsorption cross section) is calculated as a function of the degree of ionization and self-similar frequency {Omega} = {omega}/Z. It is found that for low degrees of ionization, function df/d{omega} for an ion is close to function df/d{omega} for a neutral atom; upon an increase in the degree of ionization, regions are formed in which df/d{omega} = 0 (transparency windows) and the photoabsorption cross section for high degrees of ionization differs from zero only in small frequency ranges. The resultant distribution of the ion oscillator strengths is used for calculating the polarizability of ions as a function of frequency and the cross section of radiation scattering on ions. For a gold plasma, the absorbance and opacity (both spectral and averaged according to Rosseland and Planck) are calculated. The results of computing the paths and absorption coefficients coincide in order of magnitude with the available data. The effect of scattering on the Rosseland path is estimated.

Garanin, S. F., E-mail: sfgar@vniief.ru; Kravets, E. M. [All-Russia Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Russian Federal Nuclear Center (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report Project Status to Date through: March 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit -...

60

VIA EMAIL DELIVERY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIA EMAIL DELIVERY VIA EMAIL DELIVERY March 28, 2012 Lamont Jackson Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, D.C. 20585 Lamont.Jackson@hq.doe.gov Re: Request for Information, OE Docket No. RRTT-IR-001, Rapid Response Team for Transmission Dear Mr. Jackson: TransWest Express LLC (TransWest) appreciates the opportunity to respond to the Department of Energy's questions related to permitting transmission lines, as outlined in the February 27, 2012, Federal Register notice. Per your request, the role of our company in the electric sector is as follows. TransWest is an independent transmission developer that is focused on permitting and developing the TransWest Express Transmission Project (TWE Project). The TWE Project is one of the seven

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Hydrogen Delivery Roadmap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery Delivery Technical Team Roadmap June 2013 This roadmap is a document of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership. U.S. DRIVE (United States Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability) is a voluntary, non-binding, and nonlegal partnership among the U.S. Department of Energy; United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), representing Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors; Tesla Motors; five energy companies - BPAmerica, Chevron Corporation, Phillips 66 Company, ExxonMobil Corporation, and Shell Oil Products US; two utilities - Southern California Edison and DTE Energy; and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The Hydrogen Delivery Technical Team is one of 12 U.S. DRIVE technical teams ("tech teams") whose

62

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

| Consumer Information Hydrogen Delivery Search Search Help Hydrogen Delivery EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Hydrogen Delivery Printable Version Share this resource...

63

Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cybersecurity Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity About the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program A key mission of the...

64

Cell squeezing : a vector-free microfluidic platform for intracellular delivery of macromolecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intracellular delivery of material is a long-standing challenge for both therapeutic and research applications. Existing technologies rely on a variety of mechanisms to facilitate delivery. Vector-based methods, such as ...

Sharei, Armon R. (Armon Reza)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

How Usage is Charged at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

usage usage is charged How usage is charged MPP Charging (Computational Systems) When a job runs on a NERSC MPP system, such as Hopper, charges accrue against one of the user's repository allocations. The unit of accounting for these charges is the "MPP Hour". A parallel job is charged for exclusive use of each multi-core node allocated to the job. The MPP charge for such a job is calculated as the product of: the job's elapsed wall-clock time in hours, the number of nodes allocated to the job (regardless of the number actually used), the number of cores available on each allocated node, a machine charge factor (MCF) based on typical performance of the machine relative to Hopper (MCF=1.0), and a queue charge factor (QCF). Queue priority scheduling gives users

66

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued...

67

Delivery Tech Team  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tech Team Tech Team Oak Ridge National Laboratory January, 2005 Team Members * Tony Bouza: DOE * Nick Burkhead: SC * Dan Casey: CVX * Maria Curry- Nkansah: BP* * Jim Kegerreis: XOM * George Parks: COP** * Mark Paster: DOE** * Steve Pawel: ORNL * Jim Simnick: BP * FOG Liaison ** Co-Leads Shawna McQueen (Energetics): Facilitator Mission * Provide a forum for the Partnership to help advance research aimed at developing low cost, safe, and energy efficient hydrogen delivery systems * Catalyze the development of hydrogen delivery technologies that enable the introduction and long-term viability of hydrogen as an energy carrier for transportation and stationary power Useful Facts * 1 kg H 2 = 1 gallon gasoline * Eff FCV = 2-3 x Eff ICEV = 1.2-1.4 x Eff HEV * Energy Density - 10,000 psi H 2 = 1.3 kWhr/l

68

Transient thermal analysis of three fast-charging latent heat storage configurations for a space-based power system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A space-based thermal storage application must accept large quantities of heat in a short period of time at an elevated temperature. A model of a lithium hydride phase change energy storage system was used to estimate reasonable physical dimensions for this application which included the use of a liquid metal heat transfer fluid. A finite difference computer code was developed and used to evaluate three methods of enhancing heat transfer in the PCM energy storage system. None of these three methods, inserting thin fins, reticulated nickel, or liquid lithium, significantly improved the system performance. The use of a 95% void fraction reticulated nickel insert was found to increase the storage capacity (total energy stored) of the system slightly with only a small decrease in the system energy density (energy storage/system mass). The addition of 10% liquid lithium was found to cause minor increases in both storage density and storage capacity with the added benefit of reducing the hydrogen pressure of the lithium hydride. 9 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Stovall, T.K.; Arimilli, R.V.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Polarization Behavior of Water in Extreme Aqueous Environments: A molecular dynamics study based on the Gaussian Charge Polarizable Water Model.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the polarization behavior of water under geologically-relevant extreme aqueous environments along four equidistant supercritical isotherms, 773 ! T (K) ! 1373, and over a wide pressure range, 0 order parameters and the magnitude of the average induced dipole moment of water. The predicted behavior indicates an isothermal linear dependence (a) between the magnitude of the average induced dipole moment ind and the average system density ! , (b) between the magnitude of the average induced dipole ind and that of the total dipole tot , resulting from (c) a compensating (inverse) dependence between the permanent-to-induced dipolar angle ! and the magnitude of the average induced dipole moment ind . Moreover, we interpret this behavior in terms of the evolution of the state dependent tetrahedral order parameter qT and the corresponding bond-order parameter Q6 , supplemented by the microstructural analysis based on the three site-site radial distribution functions of water and the distance-ranked nearest-neighbors distributions. Finally, we show that while water exhibits a dramatic microstructural transformation from an open four-coordinated hydrogen-bonded network at normal conditions to a quasi close-packed coordination, it still preserves a significant degree of hydrogen bonding.

Chialvo, Ariel A [ORNL; Horita, Juske [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Option Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Option Analysis Option Analysis DOE and FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop January 25, 2005 Washington DC This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information Tan-Ping Chen Nexant Jim Campbell Bhadra Grover Air Liquide Stefan Unnasch TIAX Glyn Hazelden GTI Graham Moore Chevron Matt Ringer NREL Ray Hobbs Pinnacle West 2 Presentation Outline Project Background Knowledge Collected and Preliminary Results for Each Delivery Option Summary of Observations Next Step Project Background Project Background 4 Delivery Options Option 1* GH delivery by new pipelines Option 2 Converting NG/oil pipelines for GH delivery Option 3 Blending GH into NG pipelines Option 4* GH tube trailers

71

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

period: May 2011 through December 2011 ChargePoint Charging Electricity Charge Unit Usage - Charging Units Events Consumed By State Installed Performed (AC MWh) California 657...

72

Charge state simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The charge state balance (eg, the population of different charge states) inside the EBIT is determined by the balance between the different ...

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

Electric Vehicle Public Charging -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Public Charging - Time vs. Energy March, 2013 A critical factor for successful PEV adoption is the deployment and use of charging infrastructure in non-...

74

Capacitive charging system for high power battery charging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes a project to design, build, demonstrate, and document a Level 3 capacitive charging system, and it will be based on the existing PEZIC prototype capacitive coupler. The capacitive coupler will be designed to transfer power at a maximum of 600 kW, and it will transfer power by electric fields. The power electronics will transfer power at 100 kW. The coupler will be designed to function with future increases in the power electronics output power and increases in the amp/hours capacity of sealed batteries. Battery charging algorithms will be programmed into the control electronics. The finished product will be a programmable battery charging system capable of transferring 100 kW via a capacitive coupler. The coupler will have a low power loss of less than 25 watts when transferring 240 kW (400 amps). This system will increase the energy efficiency of high power battery charging, and it will enhance mobility by reducing coupler failures. The system will be completely documented. An important deliverable of this project is information. The information will be distributed to the Army`s TACOM-TARDEC`s Advanced Concept Group, and it will be distributed to commercial organizations by the Society of Automotive Engineers. The information will be valuable for product research, development, and specification. The capacitive charging system produced in this project will be of commercial value for future electric vehicles. The coupler will be designed to rapid charge batteries that have a capacity of several thousand amp/hours at hundreds of volts. The charging system built here will rapid charge batteries with several hundred amp/hours capacity, depending on the charging voltage.

NONE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

A vector-free microfluidic platform for intracellular delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intracellular delivery of macromolecules is a challenge in research and therapeutic applications. Existing vector-based and physical methods have limitations, including their reliance on exogenous materials or electrical ...

Sharei, Armon Reza

76

FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current Technology to someone Current Technology to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology on Google Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology on Delicious Rank FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology on Digg Find More places to share FCT Hydrogen Delivery: Current Technology on AddThis.com... Home Basics Current Technology R&D Activities Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts Current Technology Today, hydrogen is transported from the point of production to the point of use via pipeline, over the road in cryogenic liquid trucks or gaseous tube

77

Battery charging system  

SciTech Connect

A battery charging system designed to charge a battery, especially a nickel-cadmium (Ni-cd) battery from a lead acid power supply without overcharging, and to charge uniformly a plurality of batteries in parallel is described. A non-linear resistance is utilized and is matched to the voltage difference of the power supply battery and the batteries being charged.

Komatsu, K.; Mabuchi, K.

1982-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

78

Battery charging system  

SciTech Connect

A highly efficient battery charging system is described in which the amperehour discharge of the battery is sensed for controlling the battery charging rate. The battery is charged at a relatively high charge rate during a first time period proportional to the extent of battery discharge and at a second lower rate thereafter.

Bilsky, H.W.; Callen, P.J.

1982-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

79

STUDIES ON SILICON NMR CHARACTERIZATION AND KINETIC MODELING OF THE STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF SILOXANE-BASED MATERIALS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS IN DRUG DELIVERY AND ADSORPTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents studies of the synthetic processes and applications of siloxane-based materials. Kinetic investigations of bridged organoalkoxysilanes that are precursors to organic-inorganic hybrid polysilsesquioxanes… (more)

Ambati, Jyotrhirmai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability information about the delivery of electricity and energy reliability Electricity Delivery...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Secondary fuel delivery system  

SciTech Connect

A secondary fuel delivery system for delivering a secondary stream of fuel and/or diluent to a secondary combustion zone located in the transition piece of a combustion engine, downstream of the engine primary combustion region is disclosed. The system includes a manifold formed integral to, and surrounding a portion of, the transition piece, a manifold inlet port, and a collection of injection nozzles. A flowsleeve augments fuel/diluent flow velocity and improves the system cooling effectiveness. Passive cooling elements, including effusion cooling holes located within the transition boundary and thermal-stress-dissipating gaps that resist thermal stress accumulation, provide supplemental heat dissipation in key areas. The system delivers a secondary fuel/diluent mixture to a secondary combustion zone located along the length of the transition piece, while reducing the impact of elevated vibration levels found within the transition piece and avoiding the heat dissipation difficulties often associated with traditional vibration reduction methods.

Parker, David M. (Oviedo, FL); Cai, Weidong (Oviedo, FL); Garan, Daniel W. (Orlando, FL); Harris, Arthur J. (Orlando, FL)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

82

Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Plus Meeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Distinct ConventionalConventionalConventional Gasification Coal Gasif w/CO2 SeqCoal Gasification w/CO2 SequestrationGasification #12;Note: All cases include assessment of current, mid-term, and long · Estimates the cost of H2 delivery ($/kg) · Assumes 2005 delivery technologies · We can insert our Research

83

In vitro and in vivo mRNA delivery using lipid-enveloped pHresponsive polymer nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biodegradable core?shell structured nanoparticles with a poly(?-amino ester) (PBAE) core enveloped by a phospholipid bilayer shell were developed for in vivo mRNA delivery with a view toward delivery of mRNA-based vaccines. ...

Su, Xingfang

84

Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC (Redirected from Oncor Electric Delivery Company, LLC) Jump to: navigation, search Name Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC Place Texas Service Territory Texas Website www.oncor.com/EN/Pages/de Green Button Landing Page www.smartmetertexas.com/C Green Button Reference Page www.emeter.com/smart-grid Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 44372 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it.

85

National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming the Grid to...

86

Soldier power. Battery charging.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soldier power. Marine. Battery charging. Advertising. Remote. SOFC (NanoDynamics, AMI) 60 watts q SOFC #12;

Hong, Deog Ki

87

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date Performed...

88

Electrically charged pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n the present work we investigate one possible variation on the usual electrically neutral pulsars: the inclusion of electric charge. We study the effect of electric charge in pulsars assuming that the charge distribution is proportional to the energy density. All calculations were performed for zero temperature and fixed entropy equations of state.

M. D. Alloy; D. P. Menezes

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electrically charged pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n the present work we investigate one possible variation on the usual electrically neutral pulsars: the inclusion of electric charge. We study the effect of electric charge in pulsars assuming that the charge distribution is proportional to the energy density. All calculations were performed for zero temperature and fixed entropy equations of state.

Alloy, M D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery Breakout - Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gaseous Hydrogen Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery Breakout Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7-8, 2003 Crystal City, Virginia Breakout Session Name Targets/Objectives More work is needed to better define delivery target metrics Assumptions about targets for costs and energy efficiency need to be qualified Technology improvements likely to lower costs, but may not have major impact on total cost A significant impact on cost would come through permitting policy changes, e.g., use of public land Breakout Session Name Priority Barriers System Issues: need to assess delivery options in context of total system Materials: corrosion, H2 permeability Construction: welding, joining Maintenance and Operation: leak detection Pipeline Safety: odorants, flame visibility

91

Automated Discovery of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Using AMI Meter Data: Initial Algorithm Development and Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is believed that the potential stresses on power delivery systems can be mitigated through asset management, system design practices, controlled charging of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), or some combination of the three. Given the likely variability in customers’ electric vehicle (EV) choices, car types, charging patterns, charging speed preferences, and participation in utility-centric time-of-use (TOU) charging options, we believe that a utility will not be able to manage to manage ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

PRECISE CHARGE MEASUREMENT FOR LASER PLASMA ACCELERATORS  

SciTech Connect

Cross-calibrations of charge diagnostics are conducted to verify their validity for measuring electron beams produced by laser plasma accelerators (LPAs). Employed diagnostics are a scintillating screen, activation based measurement, and integrating current transformer. The diagnostics agreed within {+-}8 %, showing that they can provide accurate charge measurements for LPAs provided they are used properly.

Nakamura, Kei; Gonsalves, Anthony; Lin, Chen; Sokollik, Thomas; Shiraishi, Satomi; Tilborg, Jeroen van; Osterhoff, Jens; Donahue, Rich; Rodgers, David; Smith, Alan; Byrne, Warren; Leemans, Wim

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

93

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis of seven hydrogen delivery options to identify the most cost-effective hydrogen infrastructure for the transition and long term. The pro

94

Hydrogen Storage Technologies Hydrogen Delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Storage Technologies Roadmap Hydrogen Delivery Technical Team Roadmap June 2013 #12;This.................................................................................. 13 6. Hydrogen Storage and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability) is a voluntary, nonbinding, and nonlegal

95

Hydrogen Distribution and Delivery Infrastructure  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen delivery technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how hydrogen is transported and delivered today, the challen

96

Hydrogen Delivery Technology Roadmap, November 2005  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

Document describing plan for research into and development of hydrogen delivery technology for transportation applications.

97

Weakly Charged Cationic Nanoparticles Induce DNA Bending and Strand Separation  

SciTech Connect

The understanding of interactions between double stranded (ds) DNA and charged nanoparticles will have a broad bearing on many important applications from drug delivery [ 1 4 ] to DNAtemplated metallization. [ 5 , 6 ] Cationic nanoparticles (NPs) can bind to DNA, a negatively charged molecule, through a combination of electrostatic attraction, groove binding, and intercalation. Such binding events induce changes in the conformation of a DNA strand. In nature, DNA wraps around a cylindrical protein assembly (diameter and height of 6 nm) [ 7 ] with an 220 positive charge, [ 8 ] creating the complex known as chromatin. Wrapping and bending of DNA has also been achieved in the laboratory through the binding of highly charged species such as molecular assemblies, [ 9 , 10 ] cationic dendrimers, [ 11 , 12 ] and nanoparticles. [ 13 15 ] The charge of a nanoparticle plays a crucial role in its ability to induce DNA structural changes. If a nanoparticle has a highly positive surface charge density, the DNA is likely to wrap and bend upon binding to the nanoparticle [ 13 ] (as in the case of chromatin). On the other hand, if a nanoparticle is weakly charged it will not induce dsDNA compaction. [ 9 , 10 , 15 ] Consequently, there is a transition zone from extended to compact DNA conformations which depends on the chemical nature of the nanoparticle and occurs for polycations with charges between 5 and 10. [ 9 ] While the interactions between highly charged NPs and DNA have been extensively studied, the processes that occur within the transition zone are less explored.

Railsback, Justin [North Carolina State University; Singh, Abhishek [North Carolina State University; Pearce, Ryan [North Carolina State University; McKnight, Timothy E [ORNL; Collazo, Ramon [North Carolina State University; Sitar, Zlatko [ORNL; Yingling, Yaroslava [North Carolina State University; Melechko, Anatoli Vasilievich [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Waste feed delivery planning at Hanford  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Integrated Waste Feed Delivery Plan (IWFDP) describes how waste feed will be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) to safely and efficiently accomplish the River Protection Project (RPP) mission. The IWFDP, which is integrated with the Baseline Case operating scenario, is comprised of three volumes. Volume 1 - Process Strategy provides an overview of waste feed delivery (WFD) and describes how the WFD system will be used to prepare and deliver feed to the WTP based on the equipment configuration and functional capabilities of the WFD system. Volume 2 - Campaign Plan describes the plans for the first eight campaigns for delivery to the WTP, evaluates projected feed for systematic issues, projects 242-A Evaporator campaigns, and evaluates double-shell tank (DST) space and availability of contingency feed. Volume 3 - Project Plan identifies the scope and timing of the DST and infrastructure upgrade projects necessary to feed the WTP, and coordinates over 30 projectized projects and operational activities that comprise the needed WFD upgrades.

Certa, Paul J.; West, Elizha B.; Rodriguez, Juissepp S.; Hohl, Ted M.; Larsen, Douglas C.; Ritari, Jaakob S.; Kelly, James W.

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

99

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage...

100

System Benefits Charge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New York's system benefits charge (SBC), established in 1996 by the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), supports energy efficiency, education and outreach, research and development, and low...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Linear Thermite Charge  

The Linear Thermite Charge (LTC) is designed to rapidly cut through concrete and steel structural components by using extremely high temperature thermite reactions jetted through a linear nozzle. 

102

Protein encapsulated magnetic carriers for micro/nanoscale drug delivery systems.  

SciTech Connect

Novel methods for drug delivery may be based on nanotechnology using non-invasive magnetic guidance of drug loaded magnetic carriers to the targeted site and thereafter released by external ultrasound energy. The key building block of this system is to successfully synthesize biodegradable, magnetic drug carriers. Magnetic carriers using poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) or poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLA-PEG) as matrix materials were loaded with bovine serum albumin (BSA) by a double-emulsion technique. BSA-loaded magnetic microspheres were characterized for size, morphology, surface charge, and magnetization. The BSA encapsulation efficiency was determined by recovering albumin from the microspheres using dimethyl sulfoxide and 0.05N NaOH/0.5% SDS then quantifying with the Micro-BCA protein assay. BSA release profiles were also determined by the Micro-BCA protein assay. The microspheres had drug encapsulation efficiencies up to 90% depending on synthesis parameters. Particles were spherical with a smooth or porous surface having a size range less than 5 {mu}m. The surface charge (expressed as zeta potential) was near neutral, optimal for prolonged intravascular survival. The magnetization of these BSA loaded magnetic carriers was 2 to 6 emu/g, depending on the specific magnetic materials used during synthesis.

Xie, Y.; Kaminski, M. D.; Mertz, C. J.; Finck, M. R.; Guy, S. G.; Chen, H.; Rosengart, A. J.; Chemical Engineering; Univ. of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Hydrogen Delivery Options and Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options and Issues Options and Issues Mark Paster DOE August, 2006 Scope * From the end point of central or distributed production (300 psi H2) to and including the dispenser at a refueling station or stationary power site - GH2 Pipelines and Trucks, LH2 Trucks, Carriers <$1.00/kg of Hydrogen by 2017 Hydrogen Delivery H2 Delivery Current Status * Technology - GH2 Tube Trailers: ~340 kg, ~2600 psi - LH2 Trucks: ~3900 kg - Pipelines: up to 1500 psi (~630 miles in the U.S.) - Refueling Site Operations (compression, storage dispensing): Demonstration projects * Cost (Does NOT include refueling Site Operations) - Trucks: $4-$12/kg - Pipeline: <$2/kg H2A Analysis * Consistent, comparable, transparent approach to hydrogen production and delivery cost analysis * Excel spreadsheet tools with common economic

104

Transmission Access Charge Informational Filing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of any new Participating Transmission Owner (“Participating TO”) during the proceeding six months or (2) changes to Transmission Revenue Requirements of any of the Participating TOs. 1 Because the Access Charges are determined through a formula rate mechanism, these semi-annual adjustments take place automatically. In the enclosed informational filing, the ISO is providing notice regarding the updated Access Charges that reflect the charges that will be in effect beginning January 1, 2002 in accordance with the formula rate. The adjusted charges are based on the modified Transmission Revenue Requirements, both High Voltage and Low Voltage as a result of: (1) the Offer of Settlement accepted by the Commission in Pacific Gas & Electric Company’s (“PG&E”) Docket No. ER01-66-000, (2) San Diego Gas and Electric Company’s supplemental surcharge accepted, subject to refund, in Docket No. ER01-3074-000, and (3) the annual adjustment to the Transmission Revenue Balancing Account (“TRBA”) of the Participating TOs. 1 Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein are defined in the Master Definitions

unknown authors

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Missouri School District Charges Up | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Missouri School District Charges Up Missouri School District Charges Up Missouri School District Charges Up September 8, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Lee's Summit R-7 School District gets four electric vehicles (EV) District was spending $2.25 per gallon of diesel, EV charging equal 15 to 20 cents per gallon $330,000 Recovery Act award helps District improve schools' air quality Missouri's Lee's Summit R-7 school district's distribution fleet was tired. Many of the vehicles had racked up more than 300,000 miles and made frequent trips to the shop to repair the 20 plus-year-old parts. However this August, with $330,000 in Recovery Act funding from the Clean Cities program, the district sold their old trucks and welcomed a new fleet of four all-electric medium-duty delivery trucks. The EV distribution fleet

106

Electrically charged compact stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review here the classical argument used to justify the electrical neutrality of stars and show that if the pressure and density of the matter and gravitational field inside the star are large, then a charge and a strong electric field can be present. For a neutron star with high pressure (~ 10^{33} to 10^{35} dynes /cm^2) and strong gravitational field (~ 10^{14} cm/s^2), these conditions are satisfied. The hydrostatic equation which arises from general relativity, is modified considerably to meet the requirements of the inclusion of the charge. In order to see any appreciable effect on the phenomenology of the neutron stars, the charge and the electrical fields have to be huge (~ 10^{21} Volts/cm). These stars are not however stable from the viewpoint that each charged particle is unbound to the uncharged particles, and thus the system collapses one step further to a charged black hole

Subharthi Ray; Manuel Malheiro; Jose' P. S. Lemos; Vilson T. Zanchin

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Auxiliary battery charging terminal  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with the present invention there is provided an auxiliary battery charging terminal that may selectively engage battery charging circuitry inside a portable radio pager. There is provided a current conducting cap having a downwardly and outwardly flared rim that deforms to lock under the crimped edge an insulating seal ring of a standard rechargeable cell by application of a compressive axial force. The auxiliary battery charging terminal is further provided with a central tip axially projecting upwardly from the cap. The auxiliary terminal may be further provided with a cap of reduced diameter to circumferentially engage the raised battery cathode terminal on the battery cell. A mating recess in a remote battery charging receptacle may receive the tip to captivate the battery cell against lateral displacement. The tip may be further provided with a rounded apex to relieve localized frictional forces upon insertion and removal of the battery cell from the remote battery charging receptacle.

Field, H.; Richter, R. E.

1985-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

108

Hydrogen Delivery Model for H2A Analysis: A Spreadsheet Model For Hydrogen Delivery Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINAL REPORT HYDROGEN DELIVERY MODEL FOR H2AA SPREADSHEET MODEL FOR HYDROGEN DELIVERY SCENARIOS Joan M.Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure

Ogden, Joan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Hydrogen Delivery Model for H2A Analysis: A Spreadsheet Model for Hydrogen Delivery Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINAL REPORT HYDROGEN DELIVERY MODEL FOR H2AA SPREADSHEET MODEL FOR HYDROGEN DELIVERY SCENARIOS Joan M.Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure

Ogden, Joan M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Comments of Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC Comments of Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC Comments of Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC on Implementing the National Broadband Plan by...

111

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) drives electric grid modernization and resiliency in the energy infrastructure while working to enable innovation across the energy sector, empowering American consumers, and securing our energy future. The OE mission and the leadership role OE plays in the energy industry directly support the President's effort to accelerate the transformation of America's energy system

112

Photon: history, mass, charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The talk consists of three parts. ``History'' briefly describes the emergence and evolution of the concept of photon during the first two decades of the 20th century. ``Mass'' gives a short review of the literature on the upper limit of the photon's mass. ``Charge'' is a critical discussion of the existing interpretation of searches for photon charge. Schemes, in which all photons are charged, are grossly inconsistent. A model with three kinds of photons (positive, negative and neutral) seems at first sight to be more consistent, but turns out to have its own serious problems.

L. B. Okun

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

113

Packaging for a drug delivery microelectromechanical system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local drug delivery is a fast expanding field, and has been a center of attention for researchers in medicine in the last decade. Its advantages over systemic drug delivery are clear in cancer therapy, with localized tumors. ...

Ho Duc, Hong Linh, 1978-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

California Natural Gas International Deliveries (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas International Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

115

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Availability: Range of Charging Units with a Vehicle Connected versus Time of Day Percentage Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Inner-quartile range of...

116

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Release Time Scheduling and Hub Location for Next-Day Delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inspired by a real-life problem faced by one of the largest ground-based cargo companies of Turkey, the current study introduces a new facet to the hub location literature. The release time scheduling and hub location problem aims to select a specified ... Keywords: cargo delivery, hub location, release times, time definite delivery, valid inequalities

Hande Yaman; Oya Ekin Karasan; Bahar Y. Kara

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

'Smart' Frequency-Sensing Charge Controller for Electric Vehicles  

AVAIL ABLE FOR L ICENSING Minimizes burden on power grid The Invention A “smart” frequency-based charge controller (FBCC) system for electric vehicles ...

119

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kim, Kiyoung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kiyoung Kim

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Liquid Hydrogen Delivery - Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Hydrogen Delivery Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7-8, 2003 Crystal City, Virginia Main Themes/Caveats Will be challenging (if not impossible) to meet the 2010 cost target with today's technology Without significant growth in product demand, progress will likely be slow even with incremental technology Group a little light on technical expertise, but feel captured main ideas required Less "weeding" of ideas, but more divergent thinking Targets/Objectives 2003 Status: $1.11/kg May be a bit lower than actual costs Baseline needs to be revisited 2005 Target: $1.01/kg Technically (10% improvement) could be met, but unlikely demand drivers will be present to encourage meeting target Likely no plant will be built in 2005

123

ADVANCED WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEM FOR PORTABLE ELECTRIC DEVICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a wireless charging system for portable electric devices. The important impacts of wireless charging systems on the global environment are first examined, and the two basic methods for wireless charging are then explained. The feasibility of applying each method to the wireless charging system is also analyzed. In order to achieve a high efficiency and more precise control for the wireless power transfer, the technology of a contactless charging board is used in this research. Because the experiments operated base on an induction cooker, the basic structure of the induction cooker are explained. Then the strategy of controling the output power is given. Finally, comprehensive experiments with efficiency tests, effective distance tests, and how the location of the coil would affect those important factors are given. The result shows that the method of contactless charging board is reliable for portable electric devices to achieve a relatively high charging efficiency and an acceptable charging distance.

Liu, Jianyang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio (Gas) - Commercial Energy Ohio (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Other Commercial Weatherization Maximum Rebate Boilers: $5,000 Boiler Tune-Up: $250 Custom Incentives: 30% of the total project cost or $25,000/project Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Boilers: 25% of cost Boiler Tune-Up: 50% of cost Furnace: $200 Programmable Thermostat: $20 Custom Incentives: $0.75/therm (less than 7500 therm savings) or $1/therm (greater than 7500 therm savings) calculated based on first year energy savings. Provider Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio Vectren Energy Delivery offers commercial natural gas customers in Ohio

125

Machine and Beam Delivery Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAchine and Beam delivery Updates FY13 MAchine and Beam delivery Updates FY13 Summary of Beam Delivery: FACET Summary Feb_15_22.pdf FACET Summary Feb_15_22.pdf FACET Summary Feb_23_Mar_1.pdf FACET Summary Feb_23_Mar_1.pdf FACET Summary Mar_2_8.pdf FACET Summary Mar_2_8.pdf FACET Summary Mar_9_15.pdf FACET Summary Mar_9_15.pdf FACET Summary Mar_16_22.pdf FACET Summary Mar_16_22.pdf FACET Summary Mar_23_29.pdf FACET Summary Mar_23_29.pdf FACET Summary Mar_30_Apr_5.pdf FACET Summary Mar_30_Apr_5.pdf FACET Summary Apr_6_12.pdf FACET Summary Apr_6_12.pdf FACET Summary Apr_27_May_3.pdf FACET Summary Apr_27_May_3.pdf FACET Summary May_4_10.pdf FACET Summary May_4_10.pdf Emittance Stability in Sector 2_31513.pdf Emittance Stability in Sector 2_31513.pdf FACET beam operations readiness with R56.pdf FACET beam operations readiness with R56.pdf (6/19/2013)

126

Influence of momentum and charge conservation on azimuthally sensitive correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charge neutralisation procedure based on a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is applied to a system of generated hadrons. The algorithm changes the charge of a randomly picked particle by shifting it within its isomultiplet. For baryons changes in both electric charge and baryon number are applied and the algorithm leads to charge and baryon number neutralisation. The procedure can thus be used to study the effects of the local charge and baryon number conservation. We attempt to study these together with the local momentum conservation and their effect on azimuthal correlator observable sensitive to local C and CP violation in quark-gluon plasma.

Zuzana Fecková; Boris Tomášik

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

127

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The electron energy dependence of a scintillating screen (Lanex Fast) was studied with sub-nanosecond electron beams ranging from 106 MeV to 1522 MeV at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Advanced Light Source (ALS) synchrotron booster accelerator. The sensitivity of the Lanex Fast decreased by 1percent per 100 MeV increase of the energy. The linear response of the screen against the charge was verified with charge density and intensity up to 160 pC/mm2 and 0.4 pC/ps/mm2, respectively. For electron beams from the laser plasma accelerator, a comprehensive study of charge diagnostics has been performed using a Lanex screen, an integrating current transformer, and an activation based measurement. The charge measured by each diagnostic was found to be within +/-10 percent.

Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A. J.; Lin, C.; Sokollik, T.; Smith, A.; Rodgers, D.; Donahue, R.; Bryne, W.; Leemans, W. P.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electron energy dependence of a scintillating screen (Lanex Fast) was studied with sub-nanosecond electron beams ranging from 106 MeV to 1522 MeV at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Advanced Light Source (ALS) synchrotron booster accelerator. The sensitivity of the Lanex Fast decreased by 1% per 100 MeV increase of the energy. The linear response of the screen against the charge was verified with charge density and intensity up to 160 pC/mm{sup 2} and 0.4 pC/ps/mm{sup 2}, respectively. For electron beams from the laser plasma accelerator, a comprehensive study of charge diagnostics has been performed using a Lanex screen, an integrating current transformer, and an activation based measurement. The charge measured by each diagnostic was found to be within {+-}10%.

Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A. J.; Lin, C.; Sokollik, T.; Smith, A.; Rodgers, D.; Donahue, R.; Bryne, W.; Leemans, W. P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

129

EV Charging Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charging Infrastructure Charging Infrastructure JOHN DAVIS: Virtually anywhere in the U.S. you can bring light to a room with the flick of a finger. We take it for granted, but creating the national electric grid to make that possible took decades to accomplish. Now, in just a few years, we've seen the birth of a new infrastructure that allows electric vehicles to quickly recharge their batteries at home, work, or wherever they may roam. But this rapid growth has come with a few growing pains. Starting with less than 500 in 2009, there are now over 19,000 public-access charging outlets available to electric vehicles owners at commuter lots, parking garages, airports, retail areas and thousands of

130

Aggregation in Charged Nano Suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to control aggregation phenomena in suspensions of nanoparticles, one often charges the particles electrically, e.g. by triboelectric charging. Stabilization of suspensions against aggregation of particles is an important issue, which may be realized by monopolar charging, where particles repel each other. Contrarily, bipolar charging may be used in coating processes, where smaller particles of one material coat larger particles of another material. When the two particle fractions are charged oppositely, aggregation between equally charged particles is hindered whereas aggregation between oppositely charged particles is preferred, thereby improving the coating process. We study various aspects of these two situations by theoretical investigations and computer simulations.

J. H. Werth; S. M. Dammer; H. A. Knudsen; H. Hinrichsen; D. E. Wolf

2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

131

Charged Metallic Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usually in Nuclear Physics the minimum of the liquid drop model (LDM) energy occurs at a mass asymmetry which is different from the minimum of shell correction. Charged metallic clusters are ideal emitters of singly ionized trimers because both LDM and shell correction are reaching a minimum for the same mass asymmetry corresponding to the emission of a charged particle with two delocalized electrons. Maximum dissociation energy (Q-value) is obtained for metallic clusters with high surface tension and low Wigner-Seitz radius (transition metals). The Q-values for spheroidal shapes are much larger than for hemispheroids.

Poenaru, D. N.; Gherghescu, R. A. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Solov'yov, A. V.; Greiner, W. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

132

Charged Vacuum Bubble Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A type of scenario is considered where electrically charged vacuum bubbles, formed from degenerate or nearly degenerate vacuua separated by a thin domain wall, are cosmologically produced due to the breaking of a discrete symmetry, with the bubble charge arising from fermions residing within the domain wall. Stability issues associated with wall tension, fermion gas, and Coulombic effects for such configurations are examined. The stability of a bubble depends upon parameters such as the symmetry breaking scale and the fermion coupling. A dominance of either the Fermi gas or the Coulomb contribution may be realized under certain conditions, depending upon parameter values.

J. R. Morris

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

133

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

134

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

135

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

136

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

137

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

138

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

139

Evaluation of Retrofit Delivery Packages  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy retrofit activities are a critical component of efforts to increase energy efficiency in the U.S. building stock; however, retrofits account for a small percentage of aggregate energy savings at relatively high per unit costs. This report by Building America research team, Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), describes barriers to widespread retrofits and evaluates opportunities to improve delivery of home retrofit measures by identifying economies of scale in marketing, energy assessments, and bulk purchasing through pilot programs in portions of Sonoma, Los Angeles, and San Joaquin Counties, CA. These targeted communities show potential and have revealed key strategies for program design, as outlined in the report.

Berman, M.; Smith, P.; Porse, E.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Fiber coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, the spark delivery system including a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. In addition, the laser delivery assembly includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. In accordance with embodiments of the present invention, the assembly may be used to create a spark in a combustion engine. In accordance with other embodiments of the present invention, a method of using the spark delivery system is provided. In addition, a method of choosing an appropriate fiber for creating a spark using a laser beam is also presented.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The electric delivery system-a complex network of transmission and distribu  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

electric delivery system-a complex network of transmission and distribu- electric delivery system-a complex network of transmission and distribu- tion lines, substations, and electrical components-is aging. To deliver more electricity and ensure reliability, the grid needs to be modernized. As the grid is being upgraded, it is also being challenged by increased needs to integrate variable renewable energy resources such as solar and wind, the potential growth of electric vehicles and related charging infrastructure, and the potential development of new electricity market designs and operating practices. To help decision makers better understand how these changes and challenges are shaping electricity delivery systems, as well as provide the industry with the tools necessary to cope with the new designs, the Reliability and Markets activ-

142

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comments of Cisco Systems to Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Department of Energy in Response to Request for Information: Addressing Policy and Logistical...

143

Nano-vesicles for gene delivery.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Gene therapy was considered an important modality for the potential treatment of cancer. It aimed to correct diseases through the delivery of genetic material encoding… (more)

Tan, Karen Li Ping.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 18, 2010 CX-004242: Categorical Exclusion Determination Colonias for Microgrids (Texas) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 14.09 CX(s) Applied:...

145

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laboratory July 23, 2010 CX-003171: Categorical Exclusion Determination Colonias for Microgrids (Texas) Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) 14.09 CX(s) Applied: A1,...

146

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Planning and Priorities CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 04222010 Location(s): Denver, Colorado Office(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy...

147

Delivery of Hydrogen Produced from Natural Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify and evaluate the most promising approaches and options for economic storage, handling and delivery of hydrogen. Office of Fossil Energy Milestone * 2006: Define a...

148

Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems report, prepared by Idaho National Laboratory, describes the common vulnerabilities on energy sector control systems, and provides...

149

Laser Beam Delivery [Laser Applications Laboratory] - Nuclear...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails High Power Laser Beam Delivery Decontamination and Decommissioning Refractory Alloy Welding Robots Applications Other Facilities Other Capabilities...

150

Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity ii Acknowledgements The Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group (ESCSWG) developed this roadmap in support of the...

151

Mercury Sorbent Delivery System for Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(NETL) is seeking licensing partners interested in implementing United States Patent Number 7,494,632 entitled "Mercury Sorbent Delivery System for Flue Gas." Disclosed in...

152

Nanolipoprotein Particles for Vaccine and Adjuvant Delivery  

home \\ technologies \\ nlps for vaccines. Technologies: Ready-to-Sign Licenses: Software: Patents: Nanolipoprotein Particles for Vaccine and Adjuvant Delivery. Contact.

153

Systems and methods for bi-directional energy delivery with galvanic isolation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and methods are provided for bi-directional energy delivery. A charging system comprises a first bi-directional conversion module, a second bi-directional conversion module, and an isolation module coupled between the first bi-directional conversion module and the second bi-directional conversion module. The isolation module provides galvanic isolation between the first bi-directional conversion module and the second bi-directional conversion module.

Kajouke, Lateef A.

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

154

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report period: May 1, 2011 through August 31, 2011 Includes all charging units that were in use by the end of the reporting period A charging event is defined as the...

155

Blasting charge and method  

SciTech Connect

This is a process for setting off a blasting charge employing nitrate explosions in a thick aqueous slurry. There is formed in the bore a blasting charge consisting, in part, of a thick aqueous slurry of dispersed ammonium nitrate particles as the predominant explosive material with or without a lesser amount of sodium, calcium, or other nitrate in like dispersion. In addition, one or more localized or undispersed solid bodies of booster explosive are included in the body of the slurry. Conventional means are used for detonating the booster, such as a blasting cap, an electric blasting cap, or a detonating fuse. The slurry may be formed in the bore or may be preformed and packaged for shipment, the latter being preferable.

Towle, L.W.

1966-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

156

Charge! for Scientists  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge! for Scientists Charge! for Scientists This show can be adapted for grades 2-8. Materials This equipment is located in the Lederman Science Center. Please talk to Susan Dahl. Balloons PVC pipe and wool Electroscope (glass jar with wire hanging from top and two small pieces of aluminum foil hanging from wire) Van de Graaff generator Bar magnets with opposite ends painted blue and red Circular magnets and pencils Compass Iron filings Battery, wire and nail Things kids can do at home Olga's overheads David Christian's PowerPoint Demos Balloons - Ask for a few volunteers and have them rub a balloon on their head or shirt. PVC pipe and wool - Pour a bunch of pieces of various material onto the table in the front of the room, including pieces of aluminum foil, styrofoam peanuts, paper clips, staples. Have a student rub the wool on the

157

Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC Place Texas Service Territory Texas Website www.oncor.com/EN/Pages/de Green Button Landing Page www.smartmetertexas.com/C Green Button Reference Page www.emeter.com/smart-grid Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 44372 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Metered Facilities - Company-Owned (Closed to new installations) Lighting

158

Microfabricated injectable drug delivery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfabricated, fully integrated drug delivery system capable of secreting controlled dosages of multiple drugs over long periods of time (up to a year). The device includes a long and narrow shaped implant with a sharp leading edge for implantation under the skin of a human in a manner analogous to a sliver. The implant includes: 1) one or more micromachined, integrated, zero power, high and constant pressure generating osmotic engine; 2) low power addressable one-shot shape memory polymer (SMP) valves for switching on the osmotic engine, and for opening drug outlet ports; 3) microfabricated polymer pistons for isolating the pressure source from drug-filled microchannels; 4) multiple drug/multiple dosage capacity, and 5) anisotropically-etched, atomically-sharp silicon leading edge for penetrating the skin during implantation. The device includes an externally mounted controller for controlling on-board electronics which activates the SMP microvalves, etc. of the implant.

Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Wang, Amy W. (Oakland, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Third Power Delivery Asset Management Conference Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's utility managers face an array of conflicting business objectives. In response, many utilities are considering implementing asset management concepts. The Third EPRI Power Delivery Asset Management Conference highlighted the work of researchers, consultants, software providers, and utilities in identifying and overcoming challenges faced in implementing asset management programs for transmission, distribution, and independent system operator (ISO) business segments of power delivery.

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fifth Power Delivery Asset Management Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research (EPRI) Asset Management Conference is part of EPRI's Power Delivery Asset Management program. The Asset Management Conference helps members manage their corporate culture by incorporating asset management best practices and aligning organizational processes around asset management goals. This report details EPRI's fifth Power Delivery Asset Management (PDAM) Conference.

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Delivery of Hydrogen Produced from Natural Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for economic storage, handling and delivery of hydrogen. Office of Fossil Energy Milestone · 2006: Define & Petroleum Technology Office of Fossil Energy June 3, 2003 Hydrogen Coordination Meeting #12;Key NearDelivery of Hydrogen Produced from Natural Gas Christopher Freitas Office of Natural Gas

162

A Stable Massive Charged Particle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possibility of the existence of a stable massive charged particle by a minimal extension of the standard model particle content. Absolute stability in the case of singly charged particle is not possible if the usual doublet Higgs exists, unless a discrete symmetry is imposed.But a doubly charged particle is absolutely stable.

G. Rajasekaran

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

163

Power Delivery System and Electricity Markets for the Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is in draft form pending approval by EPRI Power Delivery & Markets Group Council. Upon approval, the report will be reformatted and issued as a final report by October 31, 2003. The Electricity Roadmap Initiative is an ongoing collaborative exploration of the opportunities for electricity-based innovation over the next 20 years and beyond. Thus far, over 150 organizations have participated with EPRI and its members in shaping a comprehensive vision of how to further increase electricity's val...

2003-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

164

Potential Carriers and Approaches for Hydrogen Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carriers and Potential Carriers and Carriers and Potential Carriers and Approaches for Hydrogen Approaches for Hydrogen Delivery Delivery TIAX LLC 1601 S. D Anza Blvd. Cupertino CA, 95014 Tel. 408-517-1550 Reference: D0348 © 2007 TIAX LLC Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting May 8-9, 2007 Columbia, Maryland Matthew Hooks Stefan Unnasch Stephen Lasher 1 Novel Hydrogen Carriers Project Overview Cost Density (wt. and vol.) Energy requirements Forecourt storage requirements Codes and standards H H 2 2 Plant, Liquefier, LH Plant, Liquefier, LH 2 2 storage storage H H 2 2 Tube Trailer Tube Trailer LH 2 2 Tank/ Fueling Station LH Tank/ Fueling Station The efficient delivery of hydrogen is necessary for the adoption of hydrogen as a transportation fuel, but numerous challenges must be met. 2 "Conventional" delivery options are limited by volumetric density,

165

Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

166

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Raytheon Raytheon has installed seven dual 220-volt plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations (14 charging points) at three...

167

Argonne's Pilot Electric Vehicle Charging Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne's Pilot Electric Vehicle Charging Project solar array and charging station Solar array and charging station. View larger image. As part of Argonne's continuing efforts to...

168

Fermilab | Fermilab Director Search | Process and Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Process and Charge Charge to the Director Search Committee Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory The Fermi Research Alliance, LLC Board of Directors charges the Committee to engage...

169

Tissue-Specific Gene Delivery via Nanoparticle Coating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of biomaterials for gene delivery can potentially avoid many of the safety concerns with viral gene delivery. However, the efficacy of polymeric gene delivery methods is low, particularly in vivo. One significant ...

Harris, Todd J.

170

The delivery option in mortgage backed security valuation simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A delivery option exists in mortgage-backed security market, which has not been considered in existing mortgage pricing simulation literature. We explain the delivery option in the "To Be Announced" trade. We discuss how the presence of the delivery ...

Scott Gregory Chastain; Jian Chen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Method for charging a hydrogen getter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for charging a sample of either a permanent or reversible getter material with a high concentration of hydrogen while maintaining a base pressure below 10.sup.-4 torr at room temperature involves placing the sample of hydrogen getter material in a chamber, activating the sample of hydrogen getter material, overcharging the sample of getter material through conventional charging techniques to a high concentration of hydrogen, and then subjecting the sample of getter material to a low temperature vacuum bake-out process. Application of the method results in a reversible hydrogen getter which is highly charged to maximum capacities of hydrogen and which concurrently exhibits minimum hydrogen vapor pressures at room temperatures.

Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Keyser, Matthew A. (Westminster, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Medium energy charged particle data for evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Medium energy charged particles incident on targets can cause a variety of nuclear reactions. Charged particle transport calculations require access to a large body of cross-section data which results in interest in an evaluated charge particle data library. Developing an evaluated data library can involve several steps. An index to the literature on measurements and theory is useful to locate information relevant to data evaluation. A computerized compilation of measurements facilitates the intercomparison of different experiments and the determination of how well data are known. Nuclear models, based on theory or phenonological evidence, are compared with experiment and where validated, are used to fill in regions where experimental data are not available. Finally, the selected data is placed into computer readable formats for use in transport calculations. 16 refs.

Pearlstein, S.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

GreenCharge: Managing Renewable Energy in Smart Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 GreenCharge: Managing Renewable Energy in Smart Buildings Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant that combines market-based electricity pricing models with on-site renewables and modest energy storage (in, called GreenCharge, to efficiently manage the renewable energy and storage to reduce a building

Shenoy, Prashant

174

Rethinking hydrogen fueling insights from delivery modeling.  

SciTech Connect

Over the past century gasoline fueling has evolved from being performed by a variety of informal, diverse methods to being performed through the use of a standardized, highly automated system that exploits the fuel's benefits and mitigates its hazards. Any effort to transition to another fuel with different properties--with both advantages and disadvantages--must make similar adjustments. This paper discusses the existing gasoline refueling infrastructure and its evolution. It then describes the hydrogen delivery scenario analysis model, an Excel-based tool that calculates the levelized cost of delivering hydrogen from a central production facility to a vehicle by the use of currently available technologies and a typical profile of vehicle use and fueling demand. The results are shown for a status quo, or gasoline-centric case, in which demand reflects the current gasoline-based system and supply responds accordingly, and a hydrogen-centric case, in which some of those patterns are altered. The paper highlights fueling requirements that are particularly problematic for hydrogen and concludes with a discussion of alternative fueling paradigms.

Mintz, M.; Elgowainy, A.; Gardiner, M.; Energy Systems; U. S. DOE

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Condition responsive battery charging circuit  

SciTech Connect

A battery charging circuit includes a ferroresonant transformer having a rectified output for providing a constant output voltage to be supplied to a battery to be charged. Battery temperature is sensed providing an input to a control circuit which operates a shunt regulator associated with the ferroresonant transformer to provide battery charge voltage as a function of battery temperature. In response to a high battery temperature the controller functions to lower the output voltage to the battery, and in response to a low battery temperature, operates to provide a higher output voltage, with suitable control for any battery temperature between minus 10* and plus 150* fahrenheit. As the battery approaches full charge and battery acceptance current falls below a predetermined level, a charge cycle termination control allows charging to continue for a period preset by the operator, at the end of which period, line voltage is removed from the charger thereby terminating the charge cycle.

Reidenbach, S.G.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

176

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices...

177

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery and Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Delivery and Fueling (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications

178

California Natural Gas Exports (No Intransit Deliveries) (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Exports (No Intransit Deliveries) (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Exports (No Intransit Deliveries) (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

179

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation...

180

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold Technical Conference On The Design Of Future Electric Transmission Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis Meeting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen Delivery, Storage and Fuel Pathway Integration Tech Teams May 8-9, 2007 Energetics...

182

FY 2014 Budget Request for the Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Budget Request for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability FY 2014 Budget Request for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Table showing the...

183

FY 2013 Budget Request for the Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Budget Request for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability FY 2013 Budget Request for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Table showing...

184

Texas Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Texas Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power...

185

Secretary of Energy Announces New Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Secretary of Energy Announces New Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability June 9, 2005 - 1:45pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC --...

186

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability: Organizational...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Skip to main content Energy.gov Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Search form Search Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Services Electricity...

187

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability 2010 Strategic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability 2010 Strategic Plan (WEB) Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability 2010 Strategic Plan...

188

Office of Electricity and Delivery & Energy Reliability 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home Office of Electricity and Delivery & Energy Reliability 2010 Strategic Plan (PRINT) Office of Electricity and Delivery & Energy Reliability 2010 Strategic...

189

2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Carlsbad...

190

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in South Dakota (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers...

191

South Dakota Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) South Dakota Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries...

192

South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to...

193

Electrically charged curvaton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possibility that the primordial curvature perturbation was generated through the curvaton mechanism from a scalar field with an electric charge, or precisely the Standard Model U(1) weak hypercharge. This links the dynamics of the very early universe concretely to the Standard Model of particle physics, and because the coupling strength is known, it reduces the number of free parameters in the curvaton model. The gauge coupling also introduces several new physical effects. Charge fluctuations are generated during inflation, but they are screened by electron-positron pairs therefore do not violate observational constraints. After inflation, the curvaton interacts with thermal radiation which destroys the curvaton condensate and prevents the generation of curvature perturbations, unless the inflaton dynamics satisfy strong constraints. The curvaton also experiences a period of parametric resonance with the U(1) gauge field. Using the standard perturbative approach, we find that the model can generate the observed density perturbation for Hubble rate H_* > 10^8 GeV and curvaton mass m > 0.01 H_*, but with a level of non-Gaussianity (f_NL > 130) that violates observational constraints. However, previous studies have shown that the parametric resonance changes the predicted perturbations significantly, and therefore fully non-linear numerical field theory simulations are required.

Michela D'Onofrio; Rose N. Lerner; Arttu Rajantie

2012-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

194

A market-based bandwidth charging framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demand for high-bandwidth applications such as video-on-demand and grid computing is reviving interest in bandwidth reservation schemes. Earlier attempts did not catch on for a number of reasons, notably lack of interest on the part of ... Keywords: Trust management, bandwidth reservations, credentials, network management

David Michael Turner; Vassilis Prevelakis; Angelos D. Keromytis

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems. According to one aspect, a battery charging control method includes accessing information regarding a presence of at least one of a surplus and a deficiency of electrical energy upon an electrical power distribution system at a plurality of different moments in time, and using the information, controlling an adjustment of an amount of the electrical energy provided from the electrical power distribution system to a rechargeable battery to charge the rechargeable battery.

Tuffner, Francis K. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W. (Richland, WA); Hammerstrom, Donald J. (West Richland, WA); Pratt, Richard M. (Richland, WA)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

196

Photon and Charged Particle Data Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photon and Charged Particle Data Center. Summary: The Photon and Charged Particle Data Center has long been an ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

197

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern California Edison on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging...

198

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Chrysler Group LLC on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:...

199

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO International, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO...

200

Charge Density Wave Compounds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fisher Research Group Fisher Research Group Layered Chalcogenides 29 February 2008 Controlling the Wave by Brad Plummer, SLAC Communications Stanford University researchers working in part at SSRL have discovered a novel set of properties pertaining to a compound of materials called tritellurides. These compounds, composed of three atoms of tellurium and a single atom of one of the rare earth elements, demonstrate unique electronic properties that can be controlled by altering the temperature of the material. The tritellurides display phenomena known as charge density waves (CDW). In a normal conductive metal, electrons persist in a "sea" wherein they are evenly distributed and equally available, or conductive. A CDW occurs under certain circumstances and causes the electrons to clump together, lowering their availability, and thereby lowering the compound's conductivity. Tellurium, when crystallized into quasi-two-dimensional planes and combined with rare earth elements, produces a material with CDWs that can be manipulated and controlled.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

NERSC HPSS Charging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HPSS Charging NERSC uses Storage Resource Units (SRUs) to help manage HPSS storage. The goal is to provide a balanced computing environment with appropriate amounts of storage and adequate bandwidth to keep the compute engines fed with data. Performance and usage tracking allows NERSC to anticipate demand and maintain a responsive storage environment. Storage management also recognizes storage as a distinct resource in support of an increasing amount of data intensive computing. Storage management and the quota system are intended to encourage efficient usage by the user community. SRU Management SRUs are reported and managed through the NERSC Information Management (NIM) system. If a user is out of SRUs in all of their HPSS repositories that user will be restricted so that they can no longer write data to HPSS

202

Stable Charged Cosmic Strings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the quantum stabilization of a cosmic string by a heavy fermion doublet in a reduced version of the standard model. We show that charged strings, obtained by populating fermionic bound state levels, become stable if the electroweak bosons are coupled to a fermion that is less than twice as heavy as the top quark. This result suggests that extraordinarily large fermion masses or unrealistic couplings are not required to bind a cosmic string in the standard model. Numerically we find the most favorable string profile to be a simple trough in the Higgs vacuum expectation value of radius {approx_equal}10{sup -18} m. The vacuum remains stable in our model, because neutral strings are not energetically favored.

Weigel, H. [Physics Department, Stellenbosch University, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); Quandt, M. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Tuebingen University, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Graham, N. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College , Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States)

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

203

Mesoporous Silica Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis, Sensing, Drug Delivery and Gene Transfection  

SciTech Connect

The central theme of this dissertation is represented by the versatility of mesoporous silica nanomaterials in various applications such as catalysis and bio-applications, with main focus on biological applications of Mesoporous Silica Nanospheres (MSN). The metamorphosis that we impose to these materials from catalysis to sensing and to drug and gene delivery is detailed in this dissertation. First, we developed a synthetic method that can fine tune the amount of chemically accessible organic functional groups on the pores surface of MSN by exploiting electrostatic and size matching between the cationic alkylammonium head group of the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant and various anionic organoalkoxysilane precursors at the micelle-water interface in a base-catalyzed condensation reaction of silicate. Aiming nature imitation, we demonstrated the catalytic abilities of the MSNs, We utilized an ethylenediamine functional group for chelating Cu{sup 2+} as a catalytic functional group anchored inside the mesopores. Thus, a polyalkynylene-based conducting polymer (molecular wire) was synthesized within the Cu-functionalized MSNs silica catalyst. For sensing applications, we have synthesized a poly(lactic acid) coated mesoporous silica nanosphere (PLA-MSN) material that serves as a fluorescence sensor system for detection of amino-containing neurotransmitters in neutral aqueous buffer. We exploited the mesoporosity of MSNs for encapsulating pharmaceutical drugs. We examined bio-friendly capping molecules such as polyamidoamine dendrimers of generations G2 to G4, to prevent the drug leaching. Next, the drug delivery system employed MSNs loaded with Doxorubicin, an anticancer drug. The results demonstrated that these nano-Trojan horses have ability to deliver Doxorubicin to cancer cells and induce their death. Finally, to demonstrate the potential of MSN as an universal cellular transmembrane nanovehicle, we anchored positively charged dendrimers on the surface of MSN and utilize them to complex cationic DNA. The p-EGFP-CI gene-coated MSN nanocomposite was able to transfect cancer cell lines, such as human HeLa and CHO cancer cell lines. The gene carrier ability of MSNs was further proved by transfecting primary cells and cotransfecting of two different genes in cancer cell lines. In sum, MSN are versatile partners in several types of applications.

Daniela Rodica Radu

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

204

Delivery and Receipt | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery and Receipt Delivery and Receipt Delivery and Receipt Delivery and Receipt of Personal Property Acquired by Purchase Card at Headquarters Receiving Items Purchased with the Purchase Card that are Shipped or Delivered by the Vendor All personal property acquired by using the purchase card should generally be delivered to and processed by the receiving office (loading dock). This will ensure inventory control identification, as appropriate and recording in the personal property management records. The following practices and procedures, as set forth by the Personal Property and Supply Management Team, Office of Logistics and Facility Operations, Office of Administration, are effective November 2007. These procedures were implemented to create a safe work environment, reduce

205

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A9, B3.6, B4.11 Date: 07132010 Location(s): Oak Ridge, Tennessee Office(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy Technology Laboratory July 13,...

206

NREL: Learning - Energy Delivery and Storage Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Delivery and Storage Basics Helping secure a clean energy future for the nation and the world isn't just about reducing energy usage or producing clean energy. It is about...

207

Echogenic Lipsomes for targeted drug delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Echogenic immunoliposomes (ELIP) are under development to enable ultrasound-controlled drug delivery. Mechanistic studies in vitro have revealed that stable cavitation is correlated with enhanced recombinant tissue Plasminogen Activator (rt-PA) thrombolysis, ...

Christy K. Holland; David D. McPherson

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Silica-coated liposomes for insulin delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Liposomes coated with silica were explored as protein delivery vehicles for their enhanced stability and improved encapsulation efficiency. Insulin was encapsulated within the fluidic phosphatidylcholine lipid vesicles by thin film hydration at pH 2.5, ...

Neelam Dwivedi; M. A. Arunagirinathan; Somesh Sharma; Jayesh Bellare

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Coordinated part delivery using distributed planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we develop a distributed mobile robot platform to deliver parts around a model construction site. The platform's robots, specialized into delivery robots and assembly robots, use a distributed coverage ...

Bolger, Adrienne (Adrienne M.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Reading Comprehension - Charges and Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charges and Electricity Atoms, the basic building blocks of matter, are made of three basic components: protons, neutrons and electrons. The protons and neutrons cluster together...

211

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 13013: Hydrogen Delivery Cost Projections - 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3013 Date: September 26, 2013 3013 Date: September 26, 2013 Title: H 2 Delivery Cost Projections - 2013 Originator: E. Sutherland, A. Elgowainy and S. Dillich Approved by: R. Farmer and S. Satyapal Date: December 18, 2013 Item: Reported herein are past 2005 and 2011 estimates, current 2013 estimates, 2020 projected cost estimates and the 2015 and 2020 target costs for delivering and dispensing (untaxed) H 2 to 10%- 15% of vehicles within a city population of 1.2M from a centralized H 2 production plant located 100 km from the city gate. The 2011 volume cost estimates are based on the H2A Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) V2.3 projections and are employed as the basis for defining the cost and technical targets of delivery components in Table 3.2.4 in the 2012 Delivery

212

Hydrogen Production and Delivery Research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In response to DOE's Solicitation for Grant Applications DE-PS36-03GO93007, 'Hydrogen Production and Delivery Research', SRI International (SRI) proposed to conduct work under Technical Topic Area 5, Advanced Electrolysis Systems; Sub-Topic 5B, High-Temperature Steam Electrolysis. We proposed to develop a prototype of a modular industrial system for low-cost generation of H{sub 2} (<$2/kg) by steam electrolysis with anodic depolarization by CO. Water will be decomposed electrochemically into H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} on the cathode side of a high-temperature electrolyzer. Oxygen ions will migrate through an oxygen-ion-conductive solid oxide electrolyte. Gas mixtures on the cathode side (H{sub 2} + H{sub 2}O) and on the anode side (CO + CO{sub 2}) will be reliably separated by the solid electrolyte. Depolarization of the anodic process will decrease the electrolysis voltage, and thus the electricity required for H{sub 2} generation and the cost of produced H{sub 2}. The process is expected to be at least 10 times more energy-efficient than low-temperature electrolysis and will generate H{sub 2} at a cost of approximately $1-$1.5/kg. The operating economics of the system can be made even more attractive by deploying it at locations where waste heat is available; using waste heat would reduce the electricity required for heating the system. Two critical targets must be achieved: an H{sub 2} production cost below $2/kg, and scalable design of the pilot H{sub 2} generation system. The project deliverables would be (1) a pilot electrolysis system for H{sub 2} generation, (2) an economic analysis, (3) a market analysis, and (4) recommendations and technical documentation for field deployment. DOE was able to provide only 200K out of 1.8M (or about 10% of awarded budget), so project was stopped abruptly.

Iouri Balachov, PhD

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Direct charge radioisotope activation and power generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An activator has a base on which is mounted an elastically deformable micromechanical element that has a section that is free to be displaced toward the base. An absorber of radioactively emitted particles is formed on the base or the displaceable section of the deformable element and a source is formed on the other of the displaceable section or the base facing the absorber across a small gap. The radioactive source emits charged particles such as electrons, resulting in a buildup of charge on the absorber, drawing the absorber and source together and storing mechanical energy as the deformable element is bent. When the force between the absorber and the source is sufficient to bring the absorber into effective electrical contact with the source, discharge of the charge between the source and absorber allows the deformable element to spring back, releasing the mechanical energy stored in the element. An electrical generator such as a piezoelectric transducer may be secured to the deformable element to convert the released mechanical energy to electrical energy that can be used to provide power to electronic circuits.

Lal, Amit (Madison, WI); Li, Hui (Madison, WI); Blanchard, James P. (Madison, WI); Henderson, Douglass L. (Madison, WI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in Minnesota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices ; Minnesota Natural Gas Prices ...

215

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Wisconsin (Million Cubic Feet)

216

Interfaces and Charge Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011 ... Pico-Tesla magnetic field sensors based on multiferroic composites consisting of magnetization-graded ferromagnetic and ferroelectric phases ...

217

Battery charging and testing circuit  

SciTech Connect

A constant current battery charging circuit is provided by which the battery receives a full charge until the battery voltage reaches a threshold. When the battery voltage is above the threshold, the battery receives a trickle charge. The actual battery voltage is compared with a reference voltage to determine whether the full charge circuit should be in operation. Hysteresis is provided for preventing a rapid on/off operation around the threshold. The reference voltage is compensated for temperature variations. The hysteresis system and temperature compensation system are independent of each other. A separate test circuit is provided for testing the battery voltage. During testing of the battery, the full charge circuit is inoperative.

Wicnienski, M. F.; Charles, D. E.

1984-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

218

Excess charges in semiconductor nanocrystallites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors explore in this report the effects of excess electrons on the edge of the absorption spectrum of small semiconductor particles. The presence of these charges leads to strong bleaching of the absorption at the exciton region and to slight enhancement of the absorption on both sides of the bleaching. They show that the effect is independent of the origin of the charge; it occurs whether the charge is injected into the particle or only attached to its surface, and it appears even when the charge is deeply localized within the band gap. They conclude that the effect arises from the electric field associated with the charge and not from its presence in the band.

Laungdilok, C.; Lawless, D.; Cook, A.R.; Meisel, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Purchase, Delivery, and Storage of Gases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purchase, Delivery, and Storage of Gases Print Purchase, Delivery, and Storage of Gases Print ALS users should follow Berkeley Lab policy, as described below, for the purchase, delivery, storage, and use of all gases at the ALS. See Shipping and Receiving for information on any non-gas deliveries. Contacts: Gas purchase or delivery: ALS Receiving, 510-486-4494 Gas use and storage: Experiment Coordination, 510-486-7222, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Gas Storage: Berkeley Lab Chemical Inventory All gas bottles and cylinders at the ALS must be identified with bar code and logged into the Berkeley Lab Chemical Inventory by ALS staff. The inventory will be updated periodically; for more information contact Experiment Coordination. Gases are stored either in the racks between buildings 6 and 7; toxic and corrosive gases are stored in Building 6, room 6C across the walkway from beamline 10.0.

220

The Energy of Charged Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I will discuss some of the techniques that have been developed over the past 35 years to estimate the energy of charged matter. These techniques have been used to solve stability of (fermionic) matter in different contexts, and to control the instability of charged bosonic matter. The final goal will be to indicate how these techniques with certain improvements can be used to prove Dyson's 1967 conjecture for the energy of a charged Bose gas--the sharp $N^{7/5}$ law.

Jan Philip Solovej

2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Optically generated ultrasound for enhanced drug delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High frequency acoustic waves, analogous to ultrasound, can enhance the delivery of therapeutic compounds into cells. The compounds delivered may be chemotherapeutic drugs, antibiotics, photodynamic drugs or gene therapies. The therapeutic compounds are administered systemically, or preferably locally to the targeted site. Local delivery can be accomplished through a needle, cannula, or through a variety of vascular catheters, depending on the location of routes of access. To enhance the systemic or local delivery of the therapeutic compounds, high frequency acoustic waves are generated locally near the target site, and preferably near the site of compound administration. The acoustic waves are produced via laser radiation interaction with an absorbing media and can be produced via thermoelastic expansion, thermodynamic vaporization, material ablation, or plasma formation. Acoustic waves have the effect of temporarily permeabilizing the membranes of local cells, increasing the diffusion of the therapeutic compound into the cells, allowing for decreased total body dosages, decreased side effects, and enabling new therapies.

Visuri, Steven R. (Livermore, CA); Campbell, Heather L. (Baltimore, MD); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A high o/p resistance, wide swing and perfect current matching charge pump having switching circuit for PLL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The charge pump (CP) circuit is one of the main building block in a phase-locked loop (PLL) based frequency synthesizers. In conventional CMOS charge pump circuits, there are some non-ideal effects such as clock feed through, current mismatch and charge ... Keywords: Charge pump, Charge sharing, Constant-gm rail-to-rail swing OTA, Current mirror, Phase noise, Phase-locked loop (PLL)

Manas Kumar Hati, Tarun Kanti Bhattacharyya

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Search for the Light Charged Higgs in CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report the CMS potential for the light charged Higgs boson discovery in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is presented. First the latest results of the Tevatron and LEP experiments on the light charged Higgs search are reminded. In the rest of the report the perspectives of CMS for the light charged Higgs search are presented with description of some details of the analysis. The results are based on the full simulation and reconstruction of the CMS detector including the systematic uncertainties on the background determination. Finally the $\\rm 5\\sigma$ discovery contour for an integrated luminosity of $\\rm 30fb^{-1}$ is shown.

M. Hashemi

2006-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

224

2012 Revenue for Delivery Service Providers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue for Delivery Service Providers" Revenue for Delivery Service Providers" "(Data from form EIA-861 schedule 4C)" ,,,"Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" "Entity","State","Ownership","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "Pacific Gas & Electric Co","CA","Investor Owned",38657,306699,232366,2843,580565 "San Diego Gas & Electric Co","CA","Investor Owned",1019.1,62400.1,84143.3,0,147562.5 "Southern California Edison Co","CA","Investor Owned",6706,456007,69193,".",531906 "Connecticut Light & Power Co","CT","Investor Owned",362262,514043,100262,6681,983248

225

Renewable energy delivery systems and methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system, method and/or apparatus for the delivery of energy at a site, at least a portion of the energy being delivered by at least one or more of a plurality of renewable energy technologies, the system and method including calculating the load required by the site for the period; calculating the amount of renewable energy for the period, including obtaining a capacity and a percentage of the period for the renewable energy to be delivered; comparing the total load to the renewable energy available; and, implementing one or both of additional and alternative renewable energy sources for delivery of energy to the site.

Walker, Howard Andrew

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

226

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles; Optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately… (more)

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A Non-Invasive Energy/Angle Diagnostic for Charged Particle Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic for charged particle beams based on Compton scattering is presented. The particular case of an electron beam is treated in detail relativistically.

Christensen, C. R.

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

228

Tools for Charged Higgs Bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to identify the Higgs sector realized in nature, the predictions for Higgs boson masses, production cross sections and decay widths have to be compared with experimental results. We give a brief overview about computer codes for the evaluation of the properties of charged Higgs bosons, mostly focusing on the case of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We briefly review the relevance of the various contributions to the charged MSSM Higgs boson mass arising at the one-loop level.

S. Heinemeyer

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

229

Policy Implications from: -Charging Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Workplace Charging 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% 100.00% 120.00% ToyotaPlug-In Prius ChevyVolt Nissan.00% 120.00% ToyotaPlug-In Prius ChevyVolt Nissan Leaf FreeWorkplaceCharging morethan 5 times aweek 4.00% ToyotaPlug-In Prius ChevyVolt Nissan Leaf WorkplaceSame Price AsHome Electricity morethan 5 times aweek 4

California at Davis, University of

230

Electrically charged dilatonic black rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we present (electrically) charged dilatonic black ring solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory in five dimensions and we consider their physical properties. These solutions are static and as in the neutral case possess a conical singularity. We show how one may remove the conical singularity by application of a Harrison transformation, which physically corresponds to supporting the charged ring with an electric field. Finally, we discuss the slowly rotating case for arbitrary dilaton coupling.

Hari K. Kunduri; James Lucietti

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

231

BMW MINI E Smart Charging Analysis for FirstEnergy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Without any utility controls, plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) will be plugging in during typical coincident peak periods, and therefore, large-scale PEV deployment may create issues for the utility distribution system grid. The objectives of this Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) study were to learn about electric vehicle (EV) charging patterns in residential and workplace settings and to assess possible grid impacts based on charging data and a forecast of PEV penetration. In the study, four BMW...

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

232

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coca-Cola Company. plug-in electric vehicles parked at charging stations in parking garage Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: February 27, 2013 Headquarters:...

233

PropagateUnequalCharges3.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beams of Unequal Charges through the same Lattice Abstract: In the Enhanced Transformer Ratio experiment, a train of 4 electron bunches, each with a different charge must...

234

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon American Battery Charging Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name American Battery Charging Inc Place...

235

Method and apparatus for rapid battery charging  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for charging electrical storage batteries having a known nominal amperage are described. The method consists in discharging the battery to a predetermined value and then charging the battery with a charging current initially several times greater than the nominal battery amperage. The charging current decreases exponentially from the initial charging current to a charging current much less than the nominal battery amperage when the battery is fully charged. The apparatus uses the discharge rate of an RC circuit to control the charging current applied to the battery. 3 figures, 1 table.

Samsioe, P.E.

1979-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

236

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: ABB Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: ABB Inc....

237

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Google to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Google on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging...

238

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Cisco Systems, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Cisco...

239

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: 3M on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: 3M on...

240

Multiple delivery cesium oven system for negative ion sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution of cesium in large negative ion beam sources to be operational in ITER, is presently based on the use of three or more cesium ovens, which operate simultaneously and are controlled remotely. However, use of multiple Cs ovens simultaneously is likely to pose difficulties in operation and maintenance of the ovens. An alternate method of Cs delivery, based on a single oven distribution system is proposed as one which could reduce the need of simultaneous operation of many ovens. A proof of principle experiment verifying the concept of a multinozzle distributor based Cs oven has been carried out at Institute for Plasma Research. It is also observed that the Cs flux is not controlled by Cs reservoir temperature after few hours of operation but by the temperature of the distributor which starts behaving as a Cs reservoir.

Bansal, G.; Bhartiya, S.; Pandya, K.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Singh, M. J.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Hydrogen production and delivery analysis in US markets : cost, energy and greenhouse gas emissions.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen production cost conclusions are: (1) Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) is the least-cost production option at current natural gas prices and for initial hydrogen vehicle penetration rates, at high production rates, SMR may not be the least-cost option; (2) Unlike coal and nuclear technologies, the cost of natural gas feedstock is the largest contributor to SMR production cost; (3) Coal- and nuclear-based hydrogen production have significant penalties at small production rates (and benefits at large rates); (4) Nuclear production of hydrogen is likely to have large economies of scale, but because fixed O&M costs are uncertain, the magnitude of these effects may be understated; and (5) Given H2A default assumptions for fuel prices, process efficiencies and labor costs, nuclear-based hydrogen is likely to be more expensive to produce than coal-based hydrogen. Carbon taxes and caps can narrow the gap. Hydrogen delivery cost conclusions are: (1) For smaller urban markets, compressed gas delivery appears most economic, although cost inputs for high-pressure gas trucks are uncertain; (2) For larger urban markets, pipeline delivery is least costly; (3) Distance from hydrogen production plant to city gate may change relative costs (all results shown assume 100 km); (4) Pipeline costs may be reduced with system 'rationalization', primarily reductions in service pipeline mileage; and (5) Liquefier and pipeline capital costs are a hurdle, particularly at small market sizes. Some energy and greenhouse gas Observations: (1) Energy use (per kg of H2) declines slightly with increasing production or delivery rate for most components (unless energy efficiency varies appreciably with scale, e.g., liquefaction); (2) Energy use is a strong function of production technology and delivery mode; (3) GHG emissions reflect the energy efficiency and carbon content of each component in a production-delivery pathway; (4) Coal and natural gas production pathways have high energy consumption and significant GHG emissions (in the absence of carbon caps, taxes or sequestration); (5) Nuclear pathway is most favorable from energy use and GHG emissions perspective; (6) GH2 Truck and Pipeline delivery have much lower energy use and GHG emissions than LH2 Truck delivery; and (7) For LH2 Truck delivery, the liquefier accounts for most of the energy and GHG emissions.

Mintz, M.; Gillette, J.; Elgowainy, A. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( ES)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

243

Utah Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Utah Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

244

Utah Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Utah Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

245

A prepaid architecture for solar electricity delivery in rural areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates a model for electricity delivery and revenue collection in a rural context with the potential to increase the reliability of service delivery and lower operating costs compared to traditional fixed monthly fee utilities. The microutility ...

Daniel Soto; Edwin Adkins; Matt Basinger; Rajesh Menon; Sebastian Rodriguez-Sanchez; Natasha Owczarek; Ivan Willig; Vijay Modi

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

California Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) California Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

247

California Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) California Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

248

Ohio Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Ohio Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

249

Ohio Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Ohio Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

250

Wisconsin Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Wisconsin Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

251

Wisconsin Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Wisconsin Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

252

An implantable device for localized drug delivery and sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many potential clinical applications for localized drug delivery and sensing systems, such as cancer, vaccinations, pain management, and hormone therapy. Localized drug delivery systems reduce the amount of drug ...

Daniel, Karen D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Michigan Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Michigan Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

254

Michigan Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Michigan Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

255

Idaho Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Idaho Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

256

Idaho Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Idaho Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

257

California Natural Gas % of Total Electric Utility Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Electric Utility Deliveries (Percent) California Natural Gas % of Total Electric Utility Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

258

California Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries to All States (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries to All States (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries to All States (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

259

Vermont Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Vermont Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

260

Vermont Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Vermont Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Colorado Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Colorado Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

262

Colorado Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Colorado Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

263

Argonne Transportation - DOE H2A Delivery Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE H2A Delivery Analysis Hydrogen delivery is an essential component of any future hydrogen energy infrastructure. Hydrogen must be transported from the point of production to the...

264

Deputy Secretary Poneman's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

as Prepared for Delivery at the American Chamber of Commerce in Korea Deputy Secretary Poneman's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the American Chamber of Commerce in Korea June...

265

Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

266

Illinois Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Illinois Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

267

Illinois Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Illinois Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

268

New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

269

New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Vehicle Fuel Deliveries (Percent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Vehicle Fuel Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

270

New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

271

New Mexico Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) New Mexico Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

272

New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Electric Utility Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Electric Utility Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Electric Utility Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

273

New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

274

New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

275

Texas Natural Gas Exports (No Intransit Deliveries) (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Exports (No Intransit Deliveries) (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Exports (No Intransit Deliveries) (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

276

Texas Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Texas Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

277

Texas Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Texas Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

278

Helium- and Lithium-like ionic sequences: Critical charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In non-relativistic quantum mechanics we study the Coulomb systems of infinitely massive center of charge Z and two-three electrons: $(Z,e,e)$ and $(Z,e,e,e)$. It is shown that in both cases the total energy curve in $Z$ is smooth, without any visible irregularities. Thus, for both systems the physical integer charges $Z=1,2,...$ do not play a distinguished role as would be associated with charge quantization. By definition, a critical charge $Z_{cr}$ is a charge which separates a domain of the existence of bound states from a domain of unbound ones (continuum). For both systems the critical charges are found, $Z_{cr,2e}=0.91085$ and $Z_{cr,3e}=2.009$, respectively. Based on numerical analysis, the Puiseux expansion in fractional powers of $(Z-Z_{cr})$ is constructed for both systems. Our results indicate the existence of a square-root branch point singularity at $Z_{cr}$ with exponent 3/2. A connection between the critical charge and the radius of convergence of 1/Z-expansion is briefly discussed.

N. L. Guevara; A. V. Turbiner

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

279

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: H2A Delivery Components Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigator: Matt Ringer Keywords: Hydrogen delivery; tube trailers; costs; pipelines Performer Principal Investigator: Matt Ringer Organization: National Renewable...

280

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Services Electricity Advisory Committee Technology Development Electricity Policy Coordination and Implementation DOE Grid Tech Team...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

2012 Annual Planning Summary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2012 and 2013 within Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability.

282

Alabama Aviation Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual : Download Data (XLS File) Alabama Aviation Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ... Alabama Prices, ...

283

AFM Fluid Delivery/Liquid Extraction Surface Sampling ...  

Disclosure Number 201303009 . Technology Summary This invention is an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) Fluid Delivery/Electrostatic ... The invention pro ...

284

A new battery-charging method suggested by molecular dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on large-scale molecular dynamics simulations, we propose a new charging method that should be capable of charging a Lithium-ion battery in a fraction of the time needed when using traditional methods. This charging method uses an additional applied oscillatory electric field. Our simulation results show that this charging method offers a great reduction in the average intercalation time for Li+ ions, which dominates the charging time. The oscillating field not only increases the diffusion rate of Li+ ions in the electrolyte but, more importantly, also enhances intercalation by lowering the corresponding overall energy barrier.

Hamad, Ibrahim Abou; Wipf, D; Rikvold, P A; 10.1039/b920970k

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Amp-hour counting charge control for photovoltaic hybrid power systems  

SciTech Connect

An amp-hour counting battery charge control algorithm has been defined and tested using the Digital Solar Technologies MPR-9400 microprocessor based photovoltaic hybrid charge controller. This work included extensive laboratory and field testing of the charge algorithm on vented lead-antimony and valve regulated lead-acid batteries. The test results have shown that with proper setup amp-hour counting charge control is more effective than conventional voltage regulated sub-array shedding in returning the lead-acid battery to a high state of charge.

Hund, T.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Thompson, B. [Biri Systems, Ithaca, NY (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) Technical Reference for Power Delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall goal of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) is to improve the economic posture of a utility by promoting cost-effective application of maintenance resources. EPRI's RCM Technical Reference for Power Delivery provides utilities with essential technical data and guidance for conducting RCM studies of power delivery equipment and systems. It serves as the "handbook" of RCM for the utility power delivery sector.

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

287

Method for mapping charge pulses in semiconductor radiation detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient method for determining the distribution of charge pulses produced by semiconductor detectors is presented. The method is based on a quasi-steady-state model for semiconductor detector operation. A complete description of the model and underlying assumptions is given. Mapping of charge pulses is accomplished by solving an adjoint carrier continuity equation. The solution of the adjoint equation yields Green`s function, a time- and position-dependent map that contains all possible charge pulses that can be produced by the detector for charge generated at discrete locations (e.g., by gamma-ray interactions). Because the map is generated by solving a single, time-dependent problem, the potential for reduction in computational effort over direct mapping methods is significant, particularly for detectors with complex electrode structures. In this paper, the adjoint equation is derived and the mapping method is illustrated for a simple case.

Prettyman, T.H.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Charge exchange processes involving iron ions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A review and evaluation is given of the experimental data which are available for charge exchange processes involving iron ions and neutral H, H/sub 2/ and He. Appropriate scaling laws are presented, and their accuracy estimated for these systems. A bibliography is given of available data sources, as well as of useful data compilations and review articles. A procedure is recommended for providing single approximate formulae to the fusion community to describe total cross sections for electron capture by partially-stripped Fe/sup q+/ ions in collisions with H, H/sub 2/ and He, based on the scaling relationships suggested by Janev and Hvelplund.

Phaneuf, R.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Electric Charge Quantization in Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of Standard Model for the arbitrary values of Higgs and fermions fields hypercharges, taking into account parity invariance of electromagnetic interaction, expressions for the fermions charges, testifying the electric charge quantization are obtained. From the chiral anomalies cancellation condition within one family of leptons and quarks, numerical values of fermions charges, coinciding with standard values of charges have been obtained.

O. B. Abdinov; F. T. Khalil-zade; S. S. Rzaeva

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Puerto Rico Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

291

Puerto Rico Refinery Desulfurization, Gasoline Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico Refinery Desulfurization, Gasoline Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

292

Mississippi Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Mississippi Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

293

Louisiana Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Louisiana Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

294

Oklahoma Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oklahoma Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

295

Mississippi Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Mississippi Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

296

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is a spherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved. It is an object of this invention to provide an improved shape charge for oil well perforation.

Haselman, L.C. Jr.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

297

Middleware Support for Multicast-based Data Dissemination: A Working Reality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and PanAmSat, to perform content delivery and to support Web browsing with satellites for home-based

Pruhs, Kirk

298

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

299

Electric Charge in Interaction with Magnetically Charged Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the angular momentum of an electric charge e placed at rest outside a dilaton black hole with magnetic charge Q. The electromagnetic angular momentum which is stored in the electromagnetic field outside the black hole shows several common features regardless of the dilaton coupling strength, though the dilaton black holes are drastically different in their spacetime structure depending on it. First, the electromagnetic angular momentum depends on the separation distance between the two objects and changes monotonically from eQ to 0 as the charge goes down from infinity to the horizon, if rotational effects of the black hole are discarded. Next, as the black hole approaches extremality, however, the electromagnetic angular momentum tends to be independent of the distance between the two objects. It is then precisely $eQ$ as in the electric charge and monopole system in flat spacetime. We discuss why these effects are exhibited and argue that the above features are to hold in widely generic settings including black hole solutions in theories with more complicated field contents, by addressing the no hair theorem for black holes and the phenomenon of field expulsion exhibited by extremal black holes.

J. H. Kim; Sei-Hoon Moon

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

300

Method and apparatus for battery charging  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of charging a battery and terminating the charging thereof upon determination of the existence of a prescribed condition comprising the steps of: applying charging current to the battery; measuring the battery voltage soon after the charging current is applied; determining, on the basis of the battery voltage measurement, the knee voltage of the charging characteristic of the particular battery being charged; calculating a battery voltage limit beyond which no further charging current is to be applied, the voltage limit being the point at which the instantaneous battery voltage is a pre-determined value greater than the knee voltage of the battery's charging characteristic; continued measuring of the battery voltage as the charging current is applied; and terminating the application of charging current when the battery voltage limit is reached.

Westhaver, L.A.; Ruksznis, R.E.

1987-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Charged particle mobility refrigerant analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for analyzing a gaseous electronegative species comprises the steps of providing an analysis chamber; providing an electric field of known potential within the analysis chamber; admitting into the analysis chamber a gaseous sample containing the gaseous electronegative species; providing a pulse of free electrons within the electric field so that the pulse of free electrons interacts with the gaseous electronegative species so that a swarm of electrically charged particles is produced within the electric field; and, measuring the mobility of the electrically charged particles within the electric field.

Allman, Steve L. (Knoxville, TN); Chen, Chung-Hsuan (Knoxville, TN); Chen, Fang C. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Method for charging a storage battery  

SciTech Connect

A method is disclosed for charging a lead-acid storage battery, the method comprising the steps of charging the battery at an initially high rate during an initial stage of the charging cycle, monitoring the internal battery voltage, charging the battery at a lower, finishing rate after a preselected battery voltage has been monitored, and periodically interrupting the finishing charge until the battery is recharged.

Fallon, W.H.; Kirby, D.W.; Neukirch, E.O.; Schober, W.R.

1983-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

303

Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Residential Energy Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Furnace: $150 - $275 Boiler: $300 Storage Water Heater: $125 Tankless Water Heater: $150 Programmable Thermostat: $20 Attic Insulation: Up to $600 Wall Insulation: Up to $700 Air Sealing: Up to $250 Provider Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio Vectren Energy Delivery offers residential natural gas customers in Ohio

304

College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Vision OE recognizes that our Nation's sustained economic prosperity, quality of life, and global competitiveness depend on access to an abundance of secure, reliable, and affordable energy resources. Through a mix of technology and policy solutions, we will address the changing dynamics and uncertainties in which the electric system will operate. We will leverage effective partnerships, solid research, and best practices to address diverse interests in achieving economic, societal, and environmental objectives. Resources Explore the following topics at OE's College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability:

305

Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity ii Acknowledgements The Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group (ESCSWG) developed this roadmap in support of the Electricity Sub-sector Coordinating Council, Oil and Natural Gas Sector Coordinating Council, and the Government Coordinating Council for Energy under the Critical Infrastructure Partnership Advisory Council (CIPAC) Framework; the roadmap has been approved for release by these councils. The ESCSWG members volunteered their time and expertise to this effort and would like to thank the other participants for their valuable perspectives and contributions to this important effort. Special thanks go to the U.S. Department of Energy, which provided the funds and support needed to convene participants

306

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comments of Cisco Systems to Comments of Cisco Systems to Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Department of Energy in Response to Request for Information: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Issued September 13, 2010 FR Doc. 2010-23251 November 30, 2010 Cisco Systems provides these Comments in response to the Request for Information ("RFI") issued by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the Department of Energy ("DOE") on September 13, 2010. The RFI seeks information across a broad range of topics, but also requests that commenters be "concise," and provide "facts and concrete recommendations that can augment the general knowledge." 1 1. Interoperability Standards and the Smart Grid

307

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) leads national efforts to modernize the electric grid, enhance security and reliability of energy infrastructure, and facilitate recovery from disruptions to the energy supply. As stated in the President's A Policy Framework for the 21 st Century Grid, a smarter, modernized electric grid is fundamental to transforming the Nation's energy system and securing US leadership in a clean energy future. OE supports activities that enable innovation across the energy sector, empower American consumers, and secure our energy future. OE consists of three programs: Research and Development; Permitting, Siting and Analysis; and Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration.

308

Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0-18381 0-18381 Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems September 2011 Idaho National Laboratory Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 http://www.inl.gov Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under DOE Idaho Operations Office Contract DE-AC07-05ID14517 The INL is a U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Battelle Energy Alliance DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or

309

Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Power of Experience The Power of Experience Final Report Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis DOE Award Number: DE-FG36-05GO15032 Project director/principal investigator: Tan-Ping Chen Consortium/teaming Partners: Air Liquide, Chevron Technology Venture, Gas Technology Institute, NREL, Tiax, ANL Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis ii TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................... 1-1 1.1 HOW THE RESEARCH ADDS TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE AREA INVESTIGATED. 1-1 1.2 TECHNICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF THE METHODS OR TECHNIQUES INVESTIGATED OR DEMONSTRATED .................................................... 1-1 1.3 HOW THE PROJECT IS OF BENEFIT TO THE PUBLIC..................................................... 1-1

310

Improved Audit Implementation Through Programmed Report Delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of energy audit recommendations have identified four primary barriers to implementation, perceived process interference, finances, organizational changes, and knowledge limitations leading to a bias against innovative technologies. To address these barriers, Georgia Tech engineers providing industrial audits have begun a program of delivering audit reports instead of mailing them. Although report delivery does not directly confront barriers relating to organization changes, it can be effective in dealing with the other three barriers. The delivery process is automated by using a personal computer and overhead projector to display relevant audit calculations, graphs, and tables as well as images of recommended equipment and maintenance concerns. The program elements can be modified depending on the plant and audit report contents.

Brown, M. L.; Gurta, M. E.; Meffert, W. A.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Power Delivery Asset Management Information Sharing Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's Power Delivery Asset Management (PDAM) Program has initiated an EPRI.com Collaboration website for its members. Using this tool, members can access important meeting documents as well as presentations from meetings and webcasts. Members can also post documents for comment and discussion between other members. This report describes the process for accessing and using the EPRI.com Collaboration site for PDAM. This site was established for the sole use of EPRI members participating in the PDAM program.

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

312

Power Delivery Asset Management Decision Making Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asset management processes for electric utility fossil and nuclear generation were formalized and widely used during the 1990s. However, transmission and distribution asset management processes have been slower to evolve because of wide diversity in power delivery organizations, many dimensions of potential value, varying perceptions of value by various stakeholders, the need to accommodate uncertainty, and the need to align the actions of individuals with higher level corporate objectives. Therefore, t...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

313

DOE to Defer Strategic Petroleum Reserve RIK Deliveries | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Defer Strategic Petroleum Reserve RIK Deliveries to Defer Strategic Petroleum Reserve RIK Deliveries DOE to Defer Strategic Petroleum Reserve RIK Deliveries June 5, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis 2.1 Million Barrels Delayed Until Spring 2009 WASHINGTON, DC - The U. S. Department of Energy today announced it will defer approximately 2.1 million barrels of royalty-in-kind (RIK) exchange crude oil that had been scheduled for delivery to the nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites (SPR) this summer. The deferred deliveries are part of a royalty-in-kind crude oil exchange that began in January 2008 and were to total approximately 11 million barrels delivered to the SPR through July 2008. The approximately 2.1 million barrels will be deferred for delivery until March-May 2009, after the winter heating season. Deliveries of approximately 2.8 million

314

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop The U.S. Department of Energy sponsored a Hydrogen Delivery Workshop in Washington, DC, May 7-8, 2003. Attendees included researchers, government officials, and industry members. A key element of the overall hydrogen energy infrastructure is the delivery system that moves the hydrogen from its point of production to an end-use device. The DOE's Fuel Cell Technologies Office will initiate, in fiscal year 2004, a research program targeted specifically at addressing hydrogen transportation and delivery. This special workshop was held to outline the future technology and research needs for developing cost-effective, reliable, and safe hydrogen delivery systems. The proceedings of the Hydrogen Delivery Workshop, which include the presentations and the recommendations of the four breakout groups, are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader.

315

Stability of charged thin shells  

SciTech Connect

In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

Eiroa, Ernesto F. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, C.C. 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Simeone, Claudio [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Stochastic dynamics of charge fluctuations in dusty plasma: A non-Markovian approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dust particles in typical laboratory plasma become charged largely by collecting electrons and/or ions. Most of the theoretical studies in dusty plasma assume that the grain charge remains constant even though it fluctuates due to the discrete nature of the charge. The rates of ions and electrons absorption depend on the grain charge, hence its temporal evolution. Stochastic charging model based on the standard Langevin equation assumes that the underlying process is Markovian. In this work, the memory effect in dust charging dynamics is incorporated using fractional calculus formalism. The resulting fractional Langevin equation is solved to obtain the amplitude and correlation function for the dust charge fluctuation. It is shown that the effects of ion-neutral collisions can be interpreted in phenomenological sense through the nonlocal fractional order derivative.

Asgari, H.; Muniandy, S. V.; Wong, C. S. [Plasma Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603 (Malaysia)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

DOE/EIS-0197-SA-01; Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Final Environmental Impact Statement Supplement to Record of Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Final Environmental Impact Statement Supplement to Record of Decision Summary The United States Entity has decided to supplement an earlier decision regarding the Canadian Entitlement. The United States Entity issued a Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Record of Decision (ROD) on November 8, 1996. The ROD was based on the Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS- 0197, issued in January 1996). The November 1996 ROD announced the United States Entity decision to fulfill its obligation under the Columbia River Treaty (Treaty) between Canada and the United States of America (United States) by delivering the full Canadian Entitlement (Entitlement) at existing transmission interconnections between the United

318

Electrostatic Interaction of Heterogeneously Charged Surfaces with Semipermeable Membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the electrostatic interaction of a heterogeneously charged wall with a neutral semipermeable membrane. The wall consists of periodic stripes, where the charge density varies in one direction. The membrane is in a contact with a bulk reservoir of an electrolyte solution and separated from the wall by a thin film of salt-free liquid. One type of ions (small counterions) permeates into the gap and gives rise to a distance-dependent membrane potential, which translates into a repulsive electrostatic disjoining pressure due to an overlap of counterion clouds in the gap. To quantify it we use two complementary approaches. First, we propose a mean-field theory based on a linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation and Fourier analysis. These calculations allow us to estimate the effect of a heterogeneous charge pattern at the wall on the induced heterogeneous membrane potential, and the value of the disjoining pressure as a function of the gap. Second, we perform Langevin dynamics simulations of the same system with explicit ions. The results of the two approaches are in good agreement with each other at low surface charge and small gap, but differ due to nonlinearity at the higher charge. These results demonstrate that a heterogeneity of the wall charge can lead to a huge reduction in the electrostatic repulsion, which could dramatically facilitate a self-assembly in complex synthetic and biological systems.

Salim R. Maduar; Vladimir Lobaskin; Olga I. Vinogradova

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

319

Gas-Solid Coexistence in Highly Charged Colloidal Suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aqueous suspensions of highly charged polystyrene particles with different volume fractions have been investigated for structural ordering and phase behavior using static light scattering (SLS) and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Under deionized conditions, suspensions of high charge density colloidal particles remained disordered whereas suspensions of relatively low charge density showed crystallization by exhibiting iridescence for the visible light. Though for unaided eye crystallized suspensions appeared homogeneous, static light scattering measurements and CLSM observations have revealed their inhomogeneous nature in the form of coexistence of voids with dense ordered regions. CLSM investigations on disordered suspensions showed their inhomogeneous nature in the form coexistence of voids with dense disordered (amorphous) regions. Our studies on highly charged colloids confirm the occurrence of gas-solid transition and are in accordance with predictions of Monte Carlo simulations using a pair-potential having a long-range attractive term [Mohanty and Tata, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2003, 264, 101]. Based on our experimental and simulation results we argue that the reported reentrant disordered state [Yamanaka et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 1998, 80, 5806 and Toyotama et al Langmuir, 2003, 19, 3236] in charged colloids observed at high charge densities is a gas-solid coexistence state.

P. S. Mohanty; B. V. R. Tata; A. Toyotama; T. Sawada

2005-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

320

Efficient security mechanisms for overlay multicast based content delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the security issues that arise in an overlay multicast architecture where service providers distribute content such as web pages, static and streaming multimedia data, realtime stock quotes, or security updates to a large number of ... Keywords: DoS-resilient, Group key management, Network access control, Overlay multicast

Sencun Zhu; Chao Yao; Donggang Liu; Sanjeev Setia; Sushil Jajodia

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A macromolecular delivery vehicle for protein-based vaccines: Acid ...  

... methane, was designed as the key acid-cleavable crosslinking monomer used to prepare acid-degradable protein-loaded microgels by inverse ...

322

NMR-Based Biosensing with Optimized Delivery of Polarized 129  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to handle the sample to refresh LE 129Xe after an observation pulse depletes polarization. With this new can be opened and closed in a programmable way for flow control. Here, pneumatically actuated pinch detection can be addressed in a fundamental manner by means of the recently developed NMR remote detection

Pines, Alexander

323

Charge Management for Gravitational Wave Observatories using UV LEDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accumulation of electrical charge on the end mirrors of gravitational wave observatories, such as the space-based LISA mission and ground-based LIGO detectors, can become a source of noise limiting the sensitivity of such detectors through electronic couplings to nearby surfaces. Torsion balances provide an ideal means for testing gravitational wave technologies due to their high sensitivity to small forces. Our torsion pendulum apparatus consists of a movable Au-coated Cu plate brought near a Au-coated Si plate pendulum suspended from a non-conducting quartz fiber. A UV LED located near the pendulum photoejects electrons from the surface, and a UV LED driven electron gun directs photoelectrons towards the pendulum surface. We have demonstrated both charging and discharging of the pendulum with equivalent charging rates of $\\sim

Pollack, S E; Schlamminger, S; Hagedorn, C A; Gundlach, J H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM-0501 ARM-0501 Marine Stratus Radiation, Aerosol, and Drizzle (MASRAD) Science Plan June 2005 M.A. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Earth System Science Division Upton, New York A. Bucholtz Naval Research Laboratory Monterey, California B. Albrecht and P. Kollias Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Miami, Florida Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research M.A. Miller et al., June 2005, DOE/ER-ARM-0501 Abstract Marine stratus is one of the most prevalent and under sampled cloud types on earth and is an important component of the earth's climate system. Marine stratus is thought to be susceptible to infusions of anthropogenic aerosols that alter in-cloud microphysical processes and is known to

325

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

001 001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations January 2001 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Infrastructure Review committee feels that the organization of the ARM Infrastructure must change as the amount of required work grows and budgets remain fixed. The current structure may not lend itself to the more efficient operation that will be needed. The current ARM Infrastructure is site centric; that structure served ARM well in its early years of development but is one that has become limiting.

326

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics for Global Climate Models First Quarter 2007 ARM Metric Report January 2007 Xiaohong Liu and Steven J. Ghan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research X. Liu and S.J. Ghan, DOE/SC-ARM-0701 iii Summary Mixed-phase clouds are composed of a mixture of cloud droplets and ice crystals. The partitioning of condensed water into liquid droplets and ice crystals in clouds varies throughout the life cycle of clouds, with droplets forming initially but crystals dominating later as ice forms first by crystal nucleation and then by vapor deposition. This report documents an ice nucleation

327

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 DOE Review of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility February 3-4, 2005 American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. June 2005 W.R. Ferrell Climate Change Research Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0502 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1 2. SUMMARY OF ACRF INFRASTRUCTURE REVIEW PANEL COMMENTS................ 3 2.1 Management.................................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Research Support ............................................................................................................

328

TIMELY DELIVERY OF LASER INERTIAL FUSION ENERGY (LIFE)  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world's largest and most energetic laser system, is now operational at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. A key goal of the NIF is to demonstrate fusion ignition for the first time in the laboratory. Its flexibility allows multiple target designs (both indirect and direct drive) to be fielded, offering substantial scope for optimization of a robust target design. In this paper we discuss an approach to generating gigawatt levels of electrical power from a laser-driven source of fusion neutrons based on these demonstration experiments. This 'LIFE' concept enables rapid time-to-market for a commercial power plant, assuming success with ignition and a technology demonstration program that links directly to a facility design and construction project. The LIFE design makes use of recent advances in diode-pumped, solid-state laser technology. It adopts the paradigm of Line Replaceable Units utilized on the NIF to provide high levels of availability and maintainability and mitigate the need for advanced materials development. A demonstration LIFE plant based on these design principles is described, along with the areas of technology development required prior to plant construction. A goal-oriented, evidence-based approach has been proposed to allow LIFE power plant rollout on a time scale that meets policy imperatives and is consistent with utility planning horizons. The system-level delivery builds from our prior national investment over many decades and makes full use of the distributed capability in laser technology, the ubiquity of semiconductor diodes, high volume manufacturing markets, and U.S. capability in fusion science and nuclear engineering. The LIFE approach is based on the ignition evidence emerging from NIF and adopts a line-replaceable unit approach to ensure high plant availability and to allow evolution from available technologies and materials. Utilization of a proven physics platform for the ignition scheme is an essential component of an acceptably low-risk solution. The degree of coupling seen on NIF between driver and target performance mandates that little deviation be adopted from the NIF geometry and beamline characteristics. Similarly, the strong coupling between subsystems in an operational power plant mandates that a self-consistent solution be established via an integrated facility delivery project. The benefits of separability of the subsystems within an IFE plant (driver, chamber, targets, etc.) emerge in the operational phase of a power plant rather than in its developmental phase. An optimized roadmap for IFE delivery needs to account for this to avoid nugatory effort and inconsistent solutions. For LIFE, a system design has been established that could lead to an operating power plant by the mid-2020s, drawing from an integrated subsystem development program to demonstrate the required technology readiness on a time scale compatible with the construction plan. Much technical development work still remains, as does alignment of key stakeholder groups to this newly emerging development option. If the required timeline is to be met, then preparation of a viable program is required alongside the demonstration of ignition on NIF. This will enable timely analysis of the technical and economic case and establishment of the appropriate delivery partnership.

Dunne, A M

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

SciTech Connect

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved.

Haselman, Jr., Leonard C. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Nonadiabatic charged spherical gravitational collapse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a complete set of the equations and matching conditions required for the description of physically meaningful charged, dissipative, spherically symmetric gravitational collapse with shear. Dissipation is described with both free-streaming and diffusion approximations. The effects of viscosity are also taken into account. The roles of different terms in the dynamical equation are analyzed in detail. The dynamical equation is coupled to a causal transport equation in the context of Israel-Stewart theory. The decrease of the inertial mass density of the fluid, by a factor which depends on its internal thermodynamic state, is reobtained, with the viscosity terms included. In accordance with the equivalence principle, the same decrease factor is obtained for the gravitational force term. The effect of the electric charge on the relation between the Weyl tensor and the inhomogeneity of the energy density is discussed.

Di Prisco, A.; Herrera, L. [Escuela de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela); Le Denmat, G. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS/UMR 8112, LERMA/ERGA, Boite 142, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Observatoire de Paris (France); MacCallum, M. A. H. [School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Santos, N. O. [School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Laboratorio Nacional de Computacao Cientifica, 25651-070 Petropolis, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Basophile: Accurate Fragment Charge State Prediction Improves Peptide Identification Rates  

SciTech Connect

In shotgun proteomics, database search algorithms rely on fragmentation models to predict fragment ions that should be observed for a given peptide sequence. The most widely used strategy (Naive model) is oversimplified, cleaving all peptide bonds with equal probability to produce fragments of all charges below that of the precursor ion. More accurate models, based on fragmentation simulation, are too computationally intensive for on-the-fly use in database search algorithms. We have created an ordinal-regression-based model called Basophile that takes fragment size and basic residue distribution into account when determining the charge retention during CID/higher-energy collision induced dissociation (HCD) of charged peptides. This model improves the accuracy of predictions by reducing the number of unnecessary fragments that are routinely predicted for highly-charged precursors. Basophile increased the identification rates by 26% (on average) over the Naive model, when analyzing triply-charged precursors from ion trap data. Basophile achieves simplicity and speed by solving the prediction problem with an ordinal regression equation, which can be incorporated into any database search software for shotgun proteomic identification.

Wang, Dong; Dasari, Surendra; Chambers, Matthew C.; Holman, Jerry D.; Chen, Kan; Liebler, Daniel; Orton, Daniel J.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Chung, Chang Y.; Rose, Kristie L.; Tabb, David L.

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

Position sensing by charge division  

SciTech Connect

A summary of a comprehensive analysis of theoretical and practical aspects of position sensing by charge division from resistive electrodes is presented. Properties of transformer decoupling of the resistive electrode from detector bias voltage are analyzed and compared to the usual capacitive decoupling methods. Optimization and limitiation of signal shaping is discussed as a function of diffusion time constant, signal rise times, and notes. (auth)

Alberi, J.L.; Radeka, V.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Report of the Production and Delivery Subgroup  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Production and Delivery Subgroup was tasked with evaluating the various options that could be used for hydrogen production and delivery in terms of availability/industry readiness, technical and economic barriers, and environmental considerations. Hydrogen can be produced using a variety of feedstocks and conversion technologies. The feedstock options include water, natural gas, coal, petroleum, methanol, ethanol, biomass, and organic waste streams. Ultimately, using these domestic resources we will be able to produce all the hydrogen we will need for the complete conversion of our transportation infrastructure. The various conversion technologies include electrolysis, reforming (principally of natural gas, but also ethanol and methanol), photobiological and photoelectrochemical, biofermentation, pyrolysis and gasification of biomass and coal, high temperature thermochemical, and catalytic membranes. All of these production technologies are being actively researched by DOE's Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (HFCIT); and other offices within DOE support work that complements the HFCIT Program activities. In addition, private industry is also dedicating significant resources to these efforts. In establishing the California Hydrogen Highway Network (CA H2 Net) we must utilize both distributed (that is, hydrogen that is produced at the point of use) as well as centralized production of hydrogen. Because of technical and economic barriers, most of the technologies for hydrogen production listed above will not become practical for either mode of hydrogen production in large quantities until at least the 2015-2030 timeframe. In the near term, that is, the transitional period between now and 2010 when we will establish a widely available hydrogen fueling infrastructure in California, the distributed production options of reforming and electrolysis will play the dominant role. In addition, production of hydrogen at centralized plants using natural gas reforming and delivery of pressurized or liquefied hydrogen by truck will be utilized. This is a logical extension of the current merchant hydrogen market.

Glass, R; Zalesky, R

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Report of the Production and Delivery Subgroup  

SciTech Connect

The Production and Delivery Subgroup was tasked with evaluating the various options that could be used for hydrogen production and delivery in terms of availability/industry readiness, technical and economic barriers, and environmental considerations. Hydrogen can be produced using a variety of feedstocks and conversion technologies. The feedstock options include water, natural gas, coal, petroleum, methanol, ethanol, biomass, and organic waste streams. Ultimately, using these domestic resources we will be able to produce all the hydrogen we will need for the complete conversion of our transportation infrastructure. The various conversion technologies include electrolysis, reforming (principally of natural gas, but also ethanol and methanol), photobiological and photoelectrochemical, biofermentation, pyrolysis and gasification of biomass and coal, high temperature thermochemical, and catalytic membranes. All of these production technologies are being actively researched by DOE's Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (HFCIT); and other offices within DOE support work that complements the HFCIT Program activities. In addition, private industry is also dedicating significant resources to these efforts. In establishing the California Hydrogen Highway Network (CA H2 Net) we must utilize both distributed (that is, hydrogen that is produced at the point of use) as well as centralized production of hydrogen. Because of technical and economic barriers, most of the technologies for hydrogen production listed above will not become practical for either mode of hydrogen production in large quantities until at least the 2015-2030 timeframe. In the near term, that is, the transitional period between now and 2010 when we will establish a widely available hydrogen fueling infrastructure in California, the distributed production options of reforming and electrolysis will play the dominant role. In addition, production of hydrogen at centralized plants using natural gas reforming and delivery of pressurized or liquefied hydrogen by truck will be utilized. This is a logical extension of the current merchant hydrogen market.

Glass, R; Zalesky, R

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions for Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines Dr. Subodh K. Das Secat, Inc. September 26, 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Project Team SECAT (KY) Project Manager Oregon Steel Mills (OR) Steel Pipe Producer Columbia Gas of Kentucky (KY) NG transporter Schott North America (PA) Glass coatings supplier Chemical Composite Coatings (GA) Composites coatings Advanced Technology Corp. (TN) ABI technology provider ASME (NY) Codes and Standards DGS Metallurgical Solutions (OR) Steel consulting University of Illinois (IL) Basic embrittlement studies Oak Ridge National Laboratory (TN) Applied research Objective and Deliverables Objective: ∑ Develop materials technologies to minimize embrittlement of

336

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body. 14 figs.

Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.; Reeder, P.L.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

337

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body.

Bliss, Mary (West Richland, WA); Craig, Richard A. (West Richland, WA); Reeder, Paul L. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Method for controlled hydrogen charging of metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for controlling hydrogen charging of hydride forming metals through a window of a superimposed layer of a non-hydriding metal overlying the portion of the hydride forming metals to be charged.

Cheng, Bo-Ching (Fremont, CA); Adamson, Ronald B. (Fremont, CA)

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. The final agenda and welcome presentation are below. Presentations

340

H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H2A Delivery Scenario Model H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses Marianne Mintz and Jerry Gillette DOE Hydrogen Delivery Analysis and High Pressure Tanks R&D Project Review Meeting February 8, 2005 2 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Topics * Delivery Scenarios - Current status - Future scenarios * Delivery Scenarios model - Approach - Structure - Current status - Results * Pipeline modeling - Approach - Key assumptions - Results * Next Steps 3 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Delivery Scenarios 4 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Three-Quarters of the US Population Reside in Urbanized Areas East of the Mississippi there are many large, proximate urban areas. In the West

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. The final agenda and welcome presentation are below. Presentations

342

The Lithium-Ion Cell: Model, State Of Charge Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lithium-Ion Cell: Model, State Of Charge Estimation and Battery Management System Tutor degradation mechanisms of a Li-ion cell based on LiCoO2", Journal of Power Sources #12;Lithium ions and e and Y. Fuentes. Computer simulations of a lithium-ion polymer battery and implications for higher

Schenato, Luca

343

Charge structure and lightning sensitivity in a simulated multicell thunderstorm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continental multicell storm. Five laboratory-based parameterizations of noninductive graupel-ice charge for rebounding graupel-droplet collisions. Each noninductive graupel-ice parameterization is combined. [3] Only a few studies have employed multidimensional dynamical simulation models with predicted ice-phase

Mansell, Edward "Ted"

344

Non-intrusive refrigerant charge indicator - Energy ...  

... -phase refrigerant line section. The measured temperature can be used to determine the refrigerant charge status of an HVAC system, ...

345

Electrochemically controlled charging circuit for storage batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemically controlled charging circuit for charging storage batteries is disclosed. The embodiments disclosed utilize dc amplification of battery control current to minimize total energy expended for charging storage batteries to a preset voltage level. The circuits allow for selection of Zener diodes having a wide range of reference voltage levels. Also, the preset voltage level to which the storage batteries are charged can be varied over a wide range.

Onstott, E.I.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

346

CNST Researchers Observe Nanoscale Charge Transport in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The efficiency is strongly dependent on the material morphology, making ... of nanoscale charge transport in bulk heterojunction solar cells, BH ...

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

347

POPCORN: privacy-preserving charging for emobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upcoming years will see a massive deployment of electric vehicles and, combined with this, of charging infrastructure. This will require protocols and standards that will control authentication, authorization, and billing of electric-vehicle charging. ... Keywords: electric vehicle charging, iso/iec 15118, privacy, privacy enhancing technologies, security

Christina Höfer, Jonathan Petit, Robert Schmidt, Frank Kargl

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Steam distribution and energy delivery optimization using wireless sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Extreme Measurement Communications Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) explores the deployment of a wireless sensor system with a real-time measurement-based energy efficiency optimization framework in the ORNL campus. With particular focus on the 12-mile long steam distribution network in our campus, we propose an integrated system-level approach to optimize the energy delivery within the steam distribution system. We address the goal of achieving significant energy-saving in steam lines by monitoring and acting on leaking steam valves/traps. Our approach leverages an integrated wireless sensor and real-time monitoring capabilities. We make assessments on the real-time status of the distribution system by mounting acoustic sensors on the steam pipes/traps/valves and observe the state measurements of these sensors. Our assessments are based on analysis of the wireless sensor measurements. We describe Fourier-spectrum based algorithms that interpret acoustic vibration sensor data to characterize flows and classify the steam system status. We are able to present the sensor readings, steam flow, steam trap status and the assessed alerts as an interactive overlay within a web-based Google Earth geographic platform that enables decision makers to take remedial action. We believe our demonstration serves as an instantiation of a platform that extends implementation to include newer modalities to manage water flow, sewage and energy consumption.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Allgood, Glenn O [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Djouadi, Seddik M [ORNL; Lake, Joe E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial...

350

Examination of Terminal Land Requirements for Hydrogen Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 8, 2007 Jerry Gillette Examination of Terminal Land Requirements for Hydrogen Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting Argonne National Laboratory A Variety of Terminal...

351

Winter LNG deliveries played a limited, yet important role - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total deliveries of liquefied natural gas ... terminals delivering natural gas into the Northeast market, at terminals that rely upon longer duration contracts, ...

352

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cyber Security Project Selections Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections On September 23, 2010, speaking at the inaugural GridWise...

353

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Software Engineering Institute Software Engineering Institute Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Software Engineering Institute National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. Presentations from Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering

354

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Visualization and Modeling Visualization and Modeling Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Visualization and Modeling National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. Presentations on Visualization and Modeling are below.

355

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Energy Reliability To Hold Technical Conference On The Design Of Future Electric Transmission Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold Technical...

356

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: H2 Delivery Infrastructure...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carriers. Keywords: Hydrogen delivery; Hydrogen infrastructure; tube trailers; pipelines Purpose This project will conduct an in-depth comparative analysis of the various...

357

Competition Advocates and Task-Order and Delivery Order Ombudsman...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Delivery Order Ombudsman Home > About Us > Our Operations > Acquisition and Project Management > Office of Acquisition Management (OAM) > Competition Advocates and Task-Order and...

358

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for...

359

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Visualization and Modeling National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for...

360

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Best PracticesStandards Development National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Best Practice DesignConfiguration National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for...

362

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Software Engineering Institute National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for...

363

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Secure Communications National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for...

364

Engineering targeted proteins for intracellular delivery of biotherapeutics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biotherapeutics have revolutionized medicine with their ability to achieve unprecedented molecular recognition and mediate complex biological responses. The intracellular delivery of biotherapeutics is an unmet scientific ...

Pirie, Christopher M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Specification of an Information Delivery Tool to Support Optimal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Media Contacts Specification of an Information Delivery Tool to Support Optimal Holistic Environmental and Energy Management in Buildings Title Specification of an Information...

366

United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuel economy than comparable conventional vans. United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans Advanced Vehicle Testing This project is part of a series of...

367

Secretary of Energy Announces New Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability June 9, 2005 - 9:26am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced the completion of the merger of...

368

Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis, May...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery Model: Discussion Items, Comments, and Follow-up Actions 1. Pipeline Pressures: Transmission, Trunk, and Distribution lines - Early on it may be difficult to do anything...

369

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: H2A Delivery Scenario Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) Project Summary Full Title: H2A Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) Project ID: 218 Principal Investigator: Marianne Mintz Keywords: Models;...

370

H2A Delivery Components Model and Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Replacement capital includes for some components H2A Delivery Component Economic Analysis * The economic results presented assume specific scenario - Scenario refers to...

371

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storm Karen Visit the Blog Current Topics Community Guidelines for Energy Emergencies Demand Response Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Energy Storage Modeling and...

372

PHEV Parcel Delivery Truck Model - Development and Preliminary Results (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes results of a study to determine the impact of drive cycles on the energy- and cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric delivery vans.

Barnitt, R

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: Hydrogen Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

refueling stations or stationary power facilities. Due to its relatively low volumetric energy density, transportation, storage and final delivery to the point of use can be one...

374

Energy Infrastructure Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comparing the Impacts of Northeast Hurricanes on Energy Infrastructure Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy April 2013 i For Further...

375

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program...

376

NREL: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Research - Hydrogen Production and Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production and Delivery Hydrogen Production and Delivery Most of the hydrogen in the United States is produced by steam reforming of natural gas. For the near term, this production method will continue to dominate. Researchers at NREL are developing advanced processes to produce hydrogen economically from sustainable resources. NREL's hydrogen production and delivery R&D efforts, which are led by Huyen Dinh, focus on the following topics: Biological Water Splitting Fermentation Conversion of Biomass and Wastes Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Solar Thermal Water Splitting Renewable Electrolysis Hydrogen Dispenser Hose Reliability Hydrogen Production and Delivery Pathway Analysis. Biological Water Splitting Certain photosynthetic microbes use light energy to produce hydrogen from

377

Hazard Evaluation for Waste Feed Delivery Operations and Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document contains the results of the hazard analysis that has been performed to address Waste Feed Delivery operations and activities.

RYAN, G.W.

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

378

South Dakota Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) South Dakota Heat Content of Natural Gas...

379

Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in South Dakota...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in South Dakota Represented by the Price (Percent) Percent of Industrial Natural Gas...

380

Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in South Dakota...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in South Dakota Represented by the Price (Percent) Percent of Commercial Natural Gas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"South Dakota Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","...

382

Robust Broadcast-Communication Control of Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The anticipated increase in the number of plug-in electric vehicles (EV) will put additional strain on electrical distribution circuits. Many control schemes have been proposed to control EV charging. Here, we develop control algorithms based on randomized EV charging start times and simple one-way broadcast communication allowing for a time delay between communication events. Using arguments from queuing theory and statistical analysis, we seek to maximize the utilization of excess distribution circuit capacity while keeping the probability of a circuit overload negligible.

Turitsyn, Konstantin; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Misha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Robust broadcast-communication control of electric vehicle charging  

SciTech Connect

The anticipated increase in the number of plug-in electric vehicles (EV) will put additional strain on electrical distribution circuits. Many control schemes have been proposed to control EV charging. Here, we develop control algorithms based on randomized EV charging start times and simple one-way broadcast communication allowing for a time delay between communication events. Using arguments from queuing theory and statistical analysis, we seek to maximize the utilization of excess distribution circuit capacity while keeping the probability of a circuit overload negligible.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sulc, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Parity meter for charge qubits: an efficient quantum entangler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a realization of a charge parity meter based on two double quantum dots alongside a quantum point contact. Such a device is a specific example of the general class of mesoscopic quadratic quantum measurement detectors previously investigated by Mao et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 056803 (2004)]. Our setup accomplishes entangled state preparation by a current measurement alone, and allows the qubits to be effectively decoupled by pinching off the parity meter. Two applications of the parity meter are discussed: the measurement of Bell's inequality in charge qubits and the realization of a controlled NOT gate.

B. Trauzettel; A. N. Jordan; C. W. J. Beenakker; M. Buttiker

2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Range of Percent of Charging Units with a Vehicle Connected versus Time of Day Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Min percentage of charging units...

386

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our study found that a simple upgrade from 120-volt to240-volt charging outlets allowed for charging durationsaffordable conversion from 120-volt to 240-volt charging at

Recker, W.W.; Kang, J.E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our study found that a simple upgrade from 120-volt to240-volt charging outlets allowed for charging durationsaffordable conversion from 120-volt to 240-volt charging at

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

U.S. Refinery Catalytic Hydrocracking, Gas Oil Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cat. Hydro-Cracking Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity ; Cat. Hydro-Cracking Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity ; U.S. Downstream Charge Capacity of Operable ...

389

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Inner-quartile range of charging units connected across all days Median percentage of charging units connected across all...

390

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace

391

Primary charge separation in isolated photosystem II reaction centers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Primary charge-separation in isolated bacterial reaction center (RC) complex occurs in 2.8 ps at room temperature and 0.7--1.2 ps at 10 K. Because of similarities between the bacterial and photosystem II (PSII) RCs, it has been of considerable interest to obtain analogous charge-separation rates in the higher plant system. Our previous femtosecond transient absorption studies used PSII RC material stabilized with PEG or by exchanging dodecyl maltoside (DM) for Triton in the isolation procedure. These materials gave charge-separation 1/e times of 3.0 [plus minus] 0.6 ps at 4[degree]C and 1.4[plus minus] 0.2 ps at 15 K based on the risetime of transient absorption kinetics at 820 nm. These values were thought to represent the time required for formation of the P680[sup +]-Pheo[sup [minus

Seibert, M.; Toon, S. (National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)); Govindjee (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States)); O'Neil, M.P.; Wasielewski, M.R. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

392

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers Monday, September 23, 2013 The potential for combining low-cost manufacturing and mechanical robustness with engineering of specific opto-electronic properties has recently spurred great interest in semiconducting polymers. Consequently, devices based on organic semiconductors have reached significant milestones such as ~10% solar power conversion efficiencies as well as electron and hole mobilities exceeding 1 cm2/Vs. Conjugated polymer chains have many degrees of conformational freedom and interact weakly with each other, resulting in complex microstructures in the solid state. Understanding charge transport in such systems, which have both amorphous and ordered

393

Nuclear PDF for neutrino and charged lepton data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering on nuclei is an essential process to constrain the strange quark parton distribution functions in the proton. The critical component on the way to using the neutrino DIS data in a proton PDF analysis is understanding the nuclear effects in parton distribution functions. We parametrize these effects by nuclear parton distribution functions. Here we compare results from two analysis of NPDF both done at next-to-leading order in QCD. The first uses neutral current charged-lepton lA Deeply Inelastic Scattering and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets and the second uses neutrino-nucleon DIS data. We compare the nuclear corrections factors F_2^Fe/F_2^D for the charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

K. Kovarik

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

394

Measurement of Ground Level Muon Charge Ratio Using ECRS Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Muon charge ratio at the Earth's surface has been studied with a Geant4 based simulation for two different geomagnetic locations: Atlanta and Lynn Lake. The simulation results are shown in excellent agreement with the data from NMSU-WIZARD/CAPRICE and BESS experiments at Lynn Lake, At low momentum, ground level muon charge ratios show latitude dependent geomagnetic effects for both Atlanta and Lynn Lake from the simulation. The simulated charge ratio is 1.20 {+-} 0.05 (without geomagnetic field), 1.12 {+-} 0.05 (with geomagnetic field) for Atlanta and 1.22 {+-} 0.04 (with geomagnetic field) for Lynn Lake. These types of studies are very important for analyzing secondary cosmic ray muon flux distribution at Earth's surface and can be used to evaluate the parameter of atmospheric neutrino oscillations.

Sanjeewa, Hakmana; He Xiaochun; Cleven, Christopher [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States)

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

395

Numerical simulation of the impact and deposition of charged particulate droplets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work addresses the impact and deposition of charged ''cluster-droplets'', comprised of particulates, on electrified surfaces. A direct numerical method is developed, based on an implicit, staggered, time-stepping scheme which separates the impulsive ... Keywords: Charged particulates, Clusters, Impact, Staggering scheme

T. I. Zohdi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Electric charge quantization in SU(3)XSU(4)XU(1) models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain electric charge quantization in the context of models based on the gauge symmetry group SU(3) X SU(4) X U(1). The gauge models studied include three families to cancel out anomalies and a set of scalar fields to break spontaneously the symmetry. To show the electric charge quantization, we use clasical symmetry conditions and quantum quiral anomaly conditions.

J. M. Cabarcas; J. -Alexis Rodriguez

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

397

Light ternary fission products: probabilities and charge distributions. [Reviews, data systematics  

SciTech Connect

A survey was made of experimental information pertinent to the probability of ternary fission and the charge distribution of the light ternary fission products. A new prescription is presented for the ternary fission probability as a function of incident particle energy and certain compound nucleus properties. Based upon systematics, a method for obtaining charge distributions of the light ternary products is presented.

Madland, D.G.; Stewart, L.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Self-assembled pentablock copolymers for selective and sustained gene delivery  

SciTech Connect

The poly(diethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDEAEM) - Pluronic F127 - PDEAEM pentablock copolymer (PB) gene delivery vector system has been found to possess an inherent selectivity in transfecting cancer cells over non-cancer cells in vitro, without attaching any targeting ligands. In order to understand the mechanism of this selective transfection, three possible intracellular barriers to transfection were investigated in both cancer and non-cancer cells. We concluded that escape from the endocytic pathway served as the primary intracellular barrier for PB-mediated transfection. Most likely, PB vectors were entrapped and rendered non-functional in acidic lysosomes of non-cancer cells, but survived in less acidic lysosomes of cancer cells. The work highlights the importance of identifying intracellular barriers for different gene delivery systems and provides a new paradigm for designing targeting vectors based on intracellular differences between cell types, rather than through the use of targeting ligands. The PB vector was further developed to simultaneously deliver anticancer drugs and genes, which showed a synergistic effect demonstrated by significantly enhanced gene expression in vitro. Due to the thermosensitive gelation behavior, the PB vector packaging both drug and gene was also investigated for its in vitro sustained release properties by using polyethylene glycol diacrylate as a barrier gel to mimic the tumor matrix in vivo. Overall, this work resulted in the development of a gene delivery vector for sustained and selective gene delivery to tumor cells for cancer therapy.

Zhang, Bingqi

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Outlook for Charged Higgs Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Almost all extensions of the Standard Model predict the existence of charged Higgs bosons. This talk focuses on the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), which is relatively predictive. The outlook for detecting supersymmetric particles and Higgs bosons at the LHC are discussed, as are the prospects for finding indirect effects of supersymmetric Higgs bosons at low energies, e.g., in K decays. The outlook for discovering observable effects of CP-violating supersymmetric phases at high energies or in B decays is also mentioned.

John Ellis

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

Calculations of nonspherically averaged charge densities for subtitutionally disordered alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on screening transformations of muffin-tin orbitals introduced by Andersen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2571 (1984)], we have developed a formalism for calculating the non-spherically averaged charge densities of substitutionally disordered alloys using the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker coherent potential approximation (KKR CPA) method in the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA). We have validated our method by calculating charge densities for ordered structures, where we find that our approach yields charge densities that are essentially indistinguishable from the results of full-potential methods. For substitutionally disordered alloys, where full-potential methods have not been implemented so far, our approach can be used to calculate reliable non-spherically averaged charge densities from spherically symmetric one-electron potentials obtained from the KKR-ASA CPA. We report on our study of differences in charge denisty between ordered AlLi in L1{sub o} phase and substitutionally disordered Al{sub 0.5}Li{sub 0.5} on face-centered cubic lattice.

Singh, P.P.; Gonis, A.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lynda.com to someone by E-mail lynda.com to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

402

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BookFactory to someone by E-mail BookFactory to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

403

Dynamics of Charged-particle Between the DC Voltage Biased Plane-Parallel Conductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analytic description to an oscillating charged-particle between the DC voltage biased plane-parallel conductors is presented. Contrary to the traditional belief in which the oscillatory behavior of the charged-particle in a uniform DC field is attributed to the reversal in the sign of the particle's charge polarity as it rebounds between the two electrodes, the analytic description of the phenomenon presented in this work reveals that such requirement is not necessary for the charged-particle oscillation. Since the system involves a spatially oscillating charged-particle, it represents a natural prototype for illuminating electric dipole radiation. By varying the DC bias voltage across the plane-parallel electrodes, the frequency of radiated electromagnetic waves can be adjusted. The device based on charged-particle oscillation is predicted to generate the coherent electromagnetic waves in the microwave to the X-ray regions of the spectrum, which includes the technologically important terahertz, the infra...

Cho, Sung Nae

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Fabrication and testing analysis of tapered silicon microneedles for drug delivery applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drug delivery plays an important role in the treatment of disease, and the equipment used for drug delivery has a great impact on the delivery efficiency of drugs. Recently developed for drug delivery, the new microneedle apparatus has the potential ... Keywords: Chemical etching, Dicing saw, Drug delivery, Microneedles

Xiao-Xiao Yan, Jing-Quan Liu, Shui-Dong Jiang, Bin Yang, Chun-Sheng Yang

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Charging and de-charging of dust particles in bulk region of a radio frequency discharge plasma  

SciTech Connect

An analysis to investigate the effect of the dust particle size and density on the floating potential of the dust particles of uniform radius and other plasma parameters in the bulk region plasma of a RF-discharge in collisionless/collisional regime has been presented herein. For this purpose, the average charge theory based on charge balance on dust and number balance of plasma constituents has been utilized; a derivation for the accretion rate of electrons corresponding to a drifting Maxwellian energy distribution in the presence of an oscillatory RF field has been given and the resulting expression has been used to determine the floating potential of the dust grains. Further, the de-charging of the dust grains after switching off the RF field has also been discussed.

Mishra, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382428 (India); Misra, Shikha; Sodha, M. S. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subtopic c. References: Subtopic c. References: 1. Thomas B. Johansson, Henry Kelly, Amulya K.N. Reddy, and Robert H. Williams, "Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity", Island Press, 1993 2. Patrick Takahashi and Andrew Trenka, "Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion", John Wiley & sons, 1996. *All references can be accessed at: http://archive.epri.com/oceanenergy/streamenergy.html#reports OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY 28. NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY The U.S. electric power sector is a critical part of our society. Virtually all aspects of residential, industrial, and commercial activities depend on safe, reliable, and affordable electricity. Electricity is among the most infrastructure-intensive segments of the energy sector - the electricity grid includes a network of 5,000 power

407

LNG delivery system for gas powered vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a natural gas delivery system. It comprises a first vehicle mounted tank for storing liquid natural gas and natural gas vapor; a second vehicle mounted tank for storing liquid natural gas and natural gas vapor; a use line connected to the first and second tanks for receiving natural gas from the first and second tanks and delivering natural gas vapor to the use device on the vehicle and means for pressurizing the natural gas in the use line; means for selecting one of the first or second tanks to deliver natural gas to the use line; and means for overriding the selecting means to deliver natural gas vapor to the use line from either of the tanks in response to detecting a pressure rise therein which exceeds a preselected maximum.

Nesser, T.A.; Hedegard, K.W.

1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

408

Express location: supporting coordination of mobile delivery work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces Express Location, a mobile web application, supporting drivers in delivery service in the daily coordination of work. Remote communication and cooperation takes place on a shared map view around the drivers' locations and next stop, ... Keywords: CSCW, delivery service, drawing, drivers, express location, field study, location-awareness, mobility, visual representations, workspace

Markus Westerlund; Maria Normark; Lars Erik Holmquist

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions Publication 328 ISBN 978-90-6363-060-7 #12;CIB White Paper on IDDS Page 1 of 15 CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery White Paper on IDDS Page 2 of 15 Table of Contents Introduction and Use of this White Paper

Amor, Robert

410

Adaptive Medical Information Delivery Combining User, Task and Situation Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive Medical Information Delivery Combining User, Task and Situation Models Luis Francisco, USA +1409 845 4924 {lOfO954,shipman} @cs.tamu.edu ABSTRACT Medical information delivery for users for communication with Earth. The Mars Medical Assistant (MMA) uses a combination of user, situation, and task

Francisco-Revilla, Luis

411

Project delivery system selection of construction projects in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: The suitability of the project delivery system (PDS) selected for a project greatly influences the efficiency to conduct a project. It is not an easy task to select an appropriate PDS as a large amount of ambiguous information exists. The paper ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, China, Construction project, Data envelopment analysis, Project delivery system

Yong Qiang Chen; Jun Ying Liu; Bingguang Li; Binshan Lin

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

MADServer: a server architecture for mobile advanced delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid increases in cellular data traffic demand creative alternative delivery vectors for data. Despite the conceptual attractiveness of mobile data offloading, no concrete web server architectures integrate intelligent offloading in a production-ready ... Keywords: cellular data offloading, delay tolerant cache, mobile advanced delivery

Agoston Petz; Anders Lindgren; Pan Hui; Christine Julien

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Environmental Assessment : Muddy Ranch Point of Delivery.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) proposed action is to provide a new pint-of-delivery while Wasco Electric Cooperative (WEC, a preference customer of BPA) will build a new substation and transmission tapline for this new point-of-delivery as connected actions. If the action is not taken, system reliability in the area will be threatened in the near future. The load of the Clarno Basin, served by the Antelope substation, exclusive of the Muddy Ranch Development, is approximately 1000 kW. The connected load on the Muddy Ranch at present is approximately 2000 kW and recently has been growing at the rate of 400 kW per month. The Clarno load and the Muddy Ranch load, when totaled, is approximately 3000 kW at the present time. In an effort to maintain voltage on the system, WEC has installed three banks of regulators between Antelope and the Muddy Ranch, each of which boosts the voltage approximately 10%. Electrical service has been kept within usable standards through operation of these regulators and by voluntary curtailment of major uses on portions of the Muddy Ranch Development. However, the present condition does not meet normal standards expected under th American National Standards Institute for electrical service. With the load growth on the Muddy Ranch, and continued growth in electrical demand from the ranchers in the Clarno area, an extremely unstable operating condition is projected as early as the winter of 1982-1983. At that time, the existing facilities could be heavily overtaxed and damage could be caused to electrical pumps and other electrical applicances. 10 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Non-Wires Alternatives to Achieving Electric Delivery Reliability Goals: Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) launched the Program 172, Transmission and Distribution Efficiency in a Carbon-Constrained World initiative to focus research on improving the efficiency of the electric delivery system. It included parallel research projects to explore the feasibility of utilities employing non-wires solutions to meeting transmission and distribution (T&D) electric reliability obligations. Traditionally, electric grid investments are made by utilities based on foreca...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Gas) - Residential Energy Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Attic Insulation: 40% of cost, up to $450 Wall/Ceiling Insulation: 40% of cost, up to $450 Duct Sealing: Total cost, up to $400 Boilers: $300 Furnace: $150 - $275 Programmable Thermostat: $20 Provider Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana Vectren Energy Delivery offers its residential natural gas customers in Indiana rebates for the installation of certain high efficiency natural gas

416

Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems - 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems - 2011 Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems - 2011 Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems - 2011 Cybersecurity for energy delivery systems has emerged as one of the Nation's most serious grid modernization and infrastructure protection issues. Cyber adversaries are becoming increasingly targeted, sophisticated, and better financed. The energy sector must research, develop and deploy new cybersecurity capabilities faster than the adversary can launch new attack tools and techniques. The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE/OE) National Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Test Bed (NSTB) program is to enhance the reliability and resiliency of the Nation's energy infrastructure by reducing the risk

417

Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Energy Star Home Rebate |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Energy Star Home Rebate Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Energy Star Home Rebate Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas) - Energy Star Home Rebate < Back Eligibility Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Full Adoption of Energy Star (Version 2.5) Standards: $750 Vectren Gold Star - HERS rating of 70 or less: $750 Furnace: $300 Boiler: $500 Tankless Water Heater: $150 Storage Water Heater: $50-$150 Programmable Thermostat: $20 Provider Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio offers a flat rebate to builders of residential single-family Energy Star certified homes that receive gas

418

Office of Electricity Delivery &amp; Energy Reliability Contributors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability » Office of Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability » Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors June 20, 2012 David Ortiz, OE-40 David Ortiz is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis (EIMA) in the Department of Energy's Office of Electrici April 25, 2013 Eric Lightner June 22, 2011 Henry S. Kenchington, OE-50 Mr. Henry (Hank) Kenchington is Deputy Assistant Secretary (DAS) for the Advanced Grid Integration Division in the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. He is responsible for the strategic management of the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to

419

National Electricity Delivery Division (NEDD) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Electricity Delivery Division (NEDD) National Electricity Delivery Division (NEDD) National Electricity Delivery Division (NEDD) National Electricity Delivery Division (NEDD) Timely, accurate and defensible policy and market analysis is a key ingredient to building and sustaining successful programs at DOE. The National Electricity Delivery Division coordinates OE's policy-related activities which include: Coordination of Federal Transmission Authorizations Section 1221(a) of EPACT added section 216(h) to the Federal Power Act, which requires that DOE act as the lead agency for purposes of coordinating all applicable Federal authorizations and related environmental reviews required to site an electric transmission facility. DOE and eight other Federal agencies have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding and DOE

420

Hydrogen Delivery: An Option to Ease the Transition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery: Delivery: An Option to Ease the Transition Presentation at: The DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Coordination Meeting Washington, D.C. June 3, 2003 John C. Winslow, Product Manager, Coal Fuels & Hydrogen National Energy Technology Laboratory Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Hydrogen Delivery Today * Hydrogen infrastructure exists only for small merchant hydrogen markets in the chemical and refining industries * Current natural gas infrastructure consists of: - Pipelines - intermediate product storage - import terminals - rail, barge, and truck delivery U.S. Pipeline Mileage 0.7 2000 279 0 1000 2000 3000 Oil Nat Gas Hydrogen thousand miles Source: APCI, EIA, NEP Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Comparison of Alternative Delivery Pathways Central H 2 production (coal)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Optical diagnostics integrated with laser spark delivery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

422

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 18, 2012 CX-009236: Categorical Exclusion Determination Dynasty Power, Inc. Export Authorization CX(s) Applied: B4.2 Date: 09/18/2012 Location(s): Canada Offices(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability September 18, 2012 CX-009406: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rainbow Energy Marketing Corporation CX(s) Applied: B4.2 Date: 09/18/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability June 12, 2012 CX-008821: Categorical Exclusion Determination NRG Power Marketing, LLC Docket EA-384

423

Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 As part of the Obama Administration's goals to enhance the security and reliability of the Nation's energy infrastructure, the U.S. Department of Energy released the 2011 Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity. Developed as an update to the 2006 Roadmap to Secure Control Systems in the Energy Sector, the report outlines a strategic framework over the next decade among industry, vendors, academia and government stakeholders to design, install, operate, and maintain a resilient energy delivery system capable of surviving a cyber incident while sustaining critical functions. Developed by the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group, a partnership

424

Explicit Allocation of Best-Effort Packet Delivery Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the “allocated-capacity” framework for providing different levels of best-effort service in times of network congestion. The “allocatedcapacity” framework—extensions to the Internet protocols and algorithms—can allocate bandwidth to different users in a controlled and predictable way during network congestion. The framework supports two complementary ways of controlling the bandwidth allocation: sender-based and receiver-based. In today’s heterogeneous and commercial Internet the framework can serve as a basis for charging for usage and for more efficiently utilizing the network resources. We focus on algorithms for essential components of the framework: a differential dropping algorithm for network routers and a tagging algorithm for profile meters at the edge of the network for bulk-data transfers. We present simulation results to illustrate the effectiveness of the combined algorithms in controlling transmission control protocol (TCP) traffic to achieve certain targeted sending rates.

David D. Clark; et al.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Materials For Nonlinear Optical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Technology & Communications Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Materials For Nonlinear Optical Applications Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Materials For Nonlinear Optical...

426

Charge Management for Gravitational Wave Observatories using UV LEDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accumulation of electrical charge on the end mirrors of gravitational wave observatories, such as the space-based LISA mission and ground-based LIGO detectors, can become a source of noise limiting the sensitivity of such detectors through electronic couplings to nearby surfaces. Torsion balances provide an ideal means for testing gravitational wave technologies due to their high sensitivity to small forces. Our torsion pendulum apparatus consists of a movable Au-coated Cu plate brought near a Au-coated Si plate pendulum suspended from a non-conducting quartz fiber. A UV LED located near the pendulum photoejects electrons from the surface, and a UV LED driven electron gun directs photoelectrons towards the pendulum surface. We have demonstrated both charging and discharging of the pendulum with equivalent charging rates of $\\sim$$10^5 e/\\mathrm{s}$, as well as spectral measurements of the pendulum charge resulting in a white noise level equivalent to $3\\times10^5 e/\\sqrt{Hz}$.

S. E. Pollack; M. D. Turner; S. Schlamminger; C. A. Hagedorn; J. H. Gundlach

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

427

Development and Testing of Commercial Prototype Wind-Electric Battery Charging Station  

SciTech Connect

The technical aspects of charging 12-volt (V) batteries with a small permanent magnet wind-turbine generator suggested that a special battery-charging station be developed. Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted research on several possible configurations of wind-electric battery-charging stations. Based on preliminary modeling and test results, the optimal system for this application was the one with individual charge controllers. This paper presents the development efforts and test results of a commercial prototype wind-electric battery-charging station designed and manufactured by Ascension Technology, a Division of Applied Power Corporation (APC). The system, which is powered by a 3-kilowatt (kW) wind turbine, was tested at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The paper discusses control strategies to improve system performance, and includes recommendations for system integrators based on the testing experience accumulated at the NWTC.

Gevorgian, V.; Corbus, D.; Kern, G.

2000-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

428

Experimental strategies for investigating passive and ultrasound-enhanced transdermal drug delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transdermal drug delivery offers many advantages over traditional drug delivery methods. However, the natural resistance of the skin to drug permeation represents a major challenge that transdermal drug delivery needs to ...

Seto, Jennifer Elizabeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: DOE H2A Delivery Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery Carrier Components Overview Version 1.0 (PDF 415 KB) H2A Current (2010) Delivery Scenario Analysis Model Version 2.3 (Excel 8.6 MB) H2A Future (2020) Delivery Scenario...

430

Charge asymmetry of top quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC is a promising machine to discover new physics in the top sector. There are several models that predict the existence of heavy colored resonances decaying to top quarks in the TeV energy range. The production of such resonances might generate a sizable charge asymmetry of top versus antitop quarks. At the Tevatron, a 2 sigma discrepancy with the SM prediction for the forward--backward asymmetry has been found, boosting a renewed interest for this kind of models. We consider a toy model with general flavour dependent couplings of the resonance to quarks, of both vector and axial-vector kind and investigate the possible constraints on the coupling space from the measurement of the asymmetry and the invariant mass distribution at the Tevatron. Then, we define a central asymmetry in a specific kinematic region and investigate its signature at the LHC as well as its statistical significance, for exclusive processes.

Ferrario, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Charge asymmetry of top quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC is a promising machine to discover new physics in the top sector. There are several models that predict the existence of heavy colored resonances decaying to top quarks in the TeV energy range. The production of such resonances might generate a sizable charge asymmetry of top versus antitop quarks. At the Tevatron, a 2 sigma discrepancy with the SM prediction for the forward--backward asymmetry has been found, boosting a renewed interest for this kind of models. We consider a toy model with general flavour dependent couplings of the resonance to quarks, of both vector and axial-vector kind and investigate the possible constraints on the coupling space from the measurement of the asymmetry and the invariant mass distribution at the Tevatron. Then, we define a central asymmetry in a specific kinematic region and investigate its signature at the LHC as well as its statistical significance, for exclusive processes.

Paola Ferrario; German Rodrigo

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cesium Delivery System for Negative Ion Source at IPR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technique of surface production of negative ions using cesium, Cs, has been efficiently exploited over the years for producing negative ion beams with increased current densities from negative ion sources used on neutral beam lines. Deposition of Cs on the source walls and the plasma grid lowers the work function and therefore enables a higher yield of H{sup -}, when hydrogen particles (H and/or H{sub x}{sup +}) strike these surfaces.A single driver RF based (100 kW, 1 MHz) negative ion source test bed, ROBIN, is being set up at IPR under a technical collaboration between IPR and IPP, Germany. The optimization of the Cs oven design to be used on this facility as well as multidriver sources is underway. The characterization experiments of such a Cs delivery system with a 1 g Cs inventory have been carried out using surface ionization technique. The experiments have been carried by delivering Cs into a vacuum chamber without plasma. The linear motion of the surface ionization detector, SID, attached with a linear motion feedthrough allows measuring the angular distribution of the Cs coming out of the oven. Based on the experimental results, a Cs oven for ROBIN has been proposed. The Cs oven design and experimental results of the prototype Cs oven are reported and discussed in the paper.

Bansal, G.; Pandya, K.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382 428 (India); Bandyopadhyay, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Singh, M. J. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

433

Charged fermions tunneling from regular black holes  

SciTech Connect

We study Hawking radiation of charged fermions as a tunneling process from charged regular black holes, i.e., the Bardeen and ABGB black holes. For this purpose, we apply the semiclassical WKB approximation to the general covariant Dirac equation for charged particles and evaluate the tunneling probabilities. We recover the Hawking temperature corresponding to these charged regular black holes. Further, we consider the back-reaction effects of the emitted spin particles from black holes and calculate their corresponding quantum corrections to the radiation spectrum. We find that this radiation spectrum is not purely thermal due to the energy and charge conservation but has some corrections. In the absence of charge, e = 0, our results are consistent with those already present in the literature.

Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Javed, W., E-mail: wajihajaved84@yahoo.com [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location. 26 figs.

Garnett, R.W.; Dobelbower, M.C.

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location.

Garnett, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Dobelbower, M. Christian (Toledo, OH)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Review of Variable Generation Integration Charges  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The growth of wind and solar generation in the United States, and the expectation of continued growth of these technologies, dictates that the future power system will be operated in a somewhat different manner because of increased variability and uncertainty. A small number of balancing authorities have attempted to determine an 'integration cost' to account for these changes to their current operating practices. Some balancing authorities directly charge wind and solar generators for integration charges, whereas others add integration charges to projected costs of wind and solar in integrated resource plans or in competitive solicitations for generation. This report reviews the balancing authorities that have calculated variable generation integration charges and broadly compares and contrasts the methodologies they used to determine their specific integration charges. The report also profiles each balancing authority and how they derived wind and solar integration charges.

Porter, K.; Fink, S.; Buckley, M.; Rogers, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Doubly charged Higgsinos at the Tevatron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several supersymmetric models with extended gauge structures, motivated by either grand unification or by neutrino mass generation, predict light doubly charged Higgsinos. In this work we study the signals of doubly charged Higgsinos at the Tevatron in both pair- and single-production modes, and show that it is possible, especially from the events containing same-sign same-flavor isolated leptons, to disentangle the effects of doubly charged Higgsinos in the Tevatron data.

Demir, Durmus A. [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, IZTECH, TR35430 Izmir (Turkey); Frank, Mariana; Turan, Ismail [Department of Physics, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H4B 1R6 (Canada); Ghosh, Dilip Kumar [Department of Theoretical Physics and Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A and 2B Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032 (India); Huitu, Katri; Rai, Santosh Kumar [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki (Finland) and Helsinki Institute of Physics, Post Office Box 64, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Effect of charging methods on battery electrodes  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the effect of modified charging methods on the structure and behavior of several battery electrodes. These include the alkaline cadmium, zinc, silver oxide and nickel oxide electrodes. Also included are recent results obtained for pasted zinc electrodes and in acidic zinc chloride electrolytes. Modified charging methods can greatly affect electrodes perticularly when the charging reaction involving the nucleation, and growth of a new phase. Many of the observed morphological effects can be a described to nucleation and orientation effects.

McBreen, J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and explore additional installations at its corporate headquarters near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: February 27, 2013...

440

Randomly charged polymers in porous environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the conformational properties of charged polymers in a solvent in the presence of structural obstacles correlated according to a power law \\sim x^{-a}. We work within the continuous representation of a model of linear chain considered as a random sequence of charges $q_i=\\pm q_0$. Such a model captures the properties of polyampholytes -- heteropolymers, comprising both positively and negatively charged monomers. We apply the direct polymer renormalization scheme and analyze the scaling behavior of charged polymers up to the first order of an $\\epsilon=6-d$, $\\delta=4-a$-expansion.

V. Blavatska; C. von Ferber

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Societal Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's 1999 electric-utility restructuring legislation created a "societal benefits charge" (SBC) to support investments in energy efficiency and "Class I" renewable energy. The SBC funds New Jersey's Clean Energy Program (NJCEP), a statewide initiative administered by the

442

Electric Vehicle Charging Levels and Requirements Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and certification Safety standards and certification * Charging definitions * EVSE ( (electric vehicle supp pp y ly eq quip pment) ) examp ples * Installation requirements * Siting...

443

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development Plug-in Electric Vehicle Basics Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: CFV Solar Test Laboratory,...

444

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone...

445

Wafer-scale charge isolation technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method are described which improve the performance of charge-coupled devices (CCD) in the presence of ionizing radiation. The invention is a wafer scale charge isolation technique which inhibits or reduces the flow of electrons created by the passage of ionizing radiation in the bulk regions of a silicon CCD. The technique has been tested in a device designed for operating in the infra-red wavelength band. The technique prevents charge from reaching the active charge collection volume of a pixel in a CCD.

Colella, N.J.; Kimbrough, J.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Charge-collection mechanisms of heterostructure FETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ion- and laser-induced charge-collection transients measured for AlGaAs/InGaAs heterostructure insulated-gate field-effect transistors (HIGFETs) reveal evidence for two mechanisms of enhanced charge collection: a channel-modulation mechanism that dominates the charge-collection processes at positive gate biases and can persist for several nanoseconds; and a parasitic bipolar transistor mechanism that shows a sensitive dependence on the density of free carriers injected into the device, and is complete within a few hundred picoseconds. The results reinforce the utility of the laser technique for investigating the charge-collection mechanisms of semiconductor devices.

McMorrow, D.; Melinger, J.S.; Thantu, N.; Campbell, A.B. (Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)); Weatherford, T.R.; Knudson, A.R.; Tran, L.H. (SFA, Inc., Landover, MD (United States)); Peczalski, A. (Honeywell, Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States))

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Charge Carrier Chemistry in Nanoscopic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Defect chemistry is explored in space charge zones with emphasis on mesoscopic situations. After a general overview two representative

448

Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and Møller.

Black Hole; I. Radinschi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Wireless Charging System for Electric Vehicles  

Technology Summary ORNL researchers have made wireless power transfer more efficient by using an air core ... communication system in the wireless charging apparatus.

450

Consumers (Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure) Consumer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CONSUMERS (CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE AND CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE) EV Everywhere Workshop July 30, 2012 Consumer Acceptance Group A Breakout Session 1 - Brainstorm Consumer Acceptance...

451

Wireless Charging System for Electric Vehicles  

OEM Electric Vehicles OEM EV Manufacturers Plug-in; internal technology development Street / highway in-motion charging systems Federal / State / Local

452

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schneider Electric to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Schneider Electric on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies...

453

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

worksites, and a best practice goal of assessing and meeting all PEV-driving employee demand. Take action by implementing a plan to install charging stations for their...

454

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Basics Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Hertz Hertz has embraced plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) as an integral part of both employee commutes and business rentals....

455

Slow Wave Structures for Charged Particle Applications  

of light in free space. This slower wave speed is important for acceleration of charged particles. The special shape of the cross-

456

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

current public charging already exists across the country. Tools and Resources The AFDC offers a large collection of helpful tools. These calculators, interactive maps, and...

457

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: 2008 Annual Progress Report - Delivery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery Delivery Printable Version 2008 Annual Progress Report III. Delivery This section of the 2008 Progress Report for the DOE Hydrogen Program focuses on delivery. Each technical report is available as an individual Adobe Acrobat PDF. Download Adobe Reader. Hydrogen Delivery Sub-Program Overview, Rick Farmer, U.S. Department of Energy (PDF 218 KB) Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis, TP Chen, Nexant, Inc. (PDF 242 KB) Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Marrianne Mintz, Argonne National Laboratory (PDF 324 KB) Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipelines: Fundamentals, Experiments, Modeling, Petros Sofronis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (PDF 686 KB) Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Steel Pipeline, Subodh Das, Secat, Inc. (PDF 691 KB)

458

FY 2011 Budget Control Table for the Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Budget Control Table for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability FY 2011 Budget Control Table for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability...

459

FY 2012 Budget Control Table for the Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FY 2012 Budget Control Table for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Control Table for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...

460

Electro-osmotically driven liquid delivery method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are disclosed for controlling precisely the composition and delivery of liquid at sub-{micro}L/min flow rate. One embodiment of such a delivery system is an electro-osmotically driven gradient flow delivery system that generates dynamic gradient flows with sub-{micro}L/min flow rates by merging a plurality of electro-osmotic flows. These flows are delivered by a plurality of delivery arms attached to a mixing connector, where they mix and then flow into a receiving means, preferably a column. Each inlet of the plurality of delivery arms is placed in a corresponding solution reservoir. A plurality of independent programmable high-voltage power supplies is used to apply a voltage program to each of the plurality of solution reservoirs to regulate the electro-osmotic flow in each delivery arm. The electro-osmotic flow rates in the delivery arms are changed with time according to each voltage program to deliver the required gradient profile to the column. 4 figs.

Rakestraw, D.J.; Anex, D.S.; Yan, C.; Dadoo, R.; Zare, R.N.

1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Electro-osmotically driven liquid delivery method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for controlling precisely the composition and delivery of liquid at sub-.mu.L/min flow rate. One embodiment of such a delivery system is an electro-osmotically driven gradient flow delivery system that generates dynamic gradient flows with sub-.mu.L/min flow rates by merging a plurality of electro-osmotic flows. These flows are delivered by a plurality of delivery arms attached to a mixing connector, where they mix and then flow into a receiving means, preferably a column. Each inlet of the plurality of delivery arms is placed in a corresponding solution reservoir. A plurality of independent programmable high-voltage power supplies is used to apply a voltage program to each of the plurality of solution reservoirs to regulate the electro-osmotic flow in each delivery arm. The electro-osmotic flow rates in the delivery arms are changed with time according to each voltage program to deliver the required gradient profile to the column.

Rakestraw, David J. (Fremont, CA); Anex, Deon S. (Livermore, CA); Yan, Chao (Pleasanton, CA); Dadoo, Rajeev (Stanford, CA); Zare, Richard N. (Stanford, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 19, NO. 3, JULY 2004 1127 Investigation of an Expert System for the Condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION TRANSFORMER is one of the most important and costly apparatus in a power system. The reliableIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 19, NO. 3, JULY 2004 1127 Investigation of an Expert System for the Condition Assessment of Transformer Insulation Based on Dielectric Response Measurements

Saha, Tapan Kumar

463

Load requirements for maintaining structural integrity of Hanford single-shell tanks during waste feed delivery and retrieval activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides structural load requirements and their basis for maintaining the structural integrity of the Hanford Single-Shell Tanks during waste feed delivery and retrieval activities. The requirements are based on a review of previous requirements and their basis documents as well as load histories with particular emphasis on the proposed lead transfer feed tanks for the privatized vitrification plant.

JULYK, L.J.

1999-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

464

Quantitative Assessment of Range Fluctuations in Charged Particle Lung Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Water equivalent path length (WEL) variations due to respiration can change the range of a charged particle beam and result in beam overshoot to critical organs or beam undershoot to tumor. We have studied range fluctuations by analyzing four-dimensional computed tomography data and quantitatively assessing potential beam overshoot. Methods and Materials: The maximal intensity volume is calculated by combining the gross tumor volume contours at each respiratory phase in the four-dimensional computed tomography study. The first target volume calculates the maximal intensity volume for the entire respiratory cycle (internal target volume [ITV]-radiotherapy [RT]), and the second target volume is the maximal intensity volume corresponding to gated RT (gated-RT, {approx}30% phase window around exhalation). A compensator at each respiratory phase is calculated. Two 'composite' compensators for ITV-RT and gated-RT are then designed by selecting the minimal compensator depth at the respective respiratory phase. These compensators are then applied to the four-dimensional computed tomography data to estimate beam penetration. Analysis metrics include range fluctuation and overshoot volume, both as a function of gantry angle. We compared WEL fluctuations observed in treating the ITV-RT versus gated-RT in 11 lung patients. Results: The WEL fluctuations were <21.8 mm-WEL and 9.5 mm-WEL for ITV-RT and gated-RT, respectively for all patients. Gated-RT reduced the beam overshoot volume by approximately a factor of four compared with ITV-RT. Such range fluctuations can affect the efficacy of treatment and result in an excessive dose to a distal critical organ. Conclusion: Time varying range fluctuation analysis provides information useful for determining appropriate patient-specific treatment parameters in charged particle RT. This analysis can also be useful for optimizing planning and delivery.

Mori, Shinichiro [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)], E-mail: shinshin@nirs.go.jp; Wolfgang, John; Lu, H.-M.; Schneider, Robert; Choi, Noah C.; Chen, George T.Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Modeling the effects of Refrigerant Charging on Air Conditioner Performance Characteristics For Three Expansion Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental and analytical study concerned with the off-design refrigerant charging of air conditioners is presented. A series of experiments were conducted to characterize the effects of refrigerant charge and type of expansion device on the system performance (capacity, EER, SEER, etc.) of an air conditioner. All experiments were performed according to the ASHRAE Standard [1983]. The effects of off-design refrigerant charge in the system, type of expansion device (capillary tube, TXV, and short-tube orifice), and outdoor dry-bulb temperature (82° to l00°F) on the wet and dry steady state and cyclic tests are addressed in this study. The fully charged condition was established as a base case for all the expansion device systems. A full charge was obtained by charging the unit to the superheat or subcooled condition specified by the manufacturer charging chan. Once the full charge was determined, refrigerant was then added in 5% increments from -20% of full charge to +20% of full charge to cover the full range of charging conditions for a particular expansion device being tested. The investigation of off-design charging indicated that the system performance variables (total capacity, EER, and SEER) of the unit with capillary tube were more sensitive to off-design charging than the systems with TXV and short-tube orifice. From -20% to +20% charging, the capacity and EER showed a strong dependence on the outdoor temperature, but varied little with charge for the TXV and short-tube orifice expansion systems. A -20% charging resulted in a 21% reduction in SEER while a +20% charging produced an 11% reduction in SEER for the unit with capillary tube. For the TXV, SEER dropped 2% and 8% for -20% and +20% refrigerant charging, respectively. The SEER was constant at 9.4 for all the charging condition except for -5% charging where it peaked to 9.9 for the short-tube orifice expansion system. This trend would suggest that the range of sensitivity of a short-tube orifice system is confined within a small refrigerant charge. A new heat exchanger model based on tube-by-tube simulation was developed and integrated into the ORNL heat pump model. The model was capable of simulating the steady state response of a vapor compression air-to-air heat pump and air conditioner commonly used in residential applications. The simulated results were compared with laboratory tests at two outdoor temperatures. It was found that the ORNL model estimates were within an average of 3% of the experimental results from - 10% to +10% charging conditions. The model predicted the system performance up to 8% higher than measured results at +/-20% and +/-15% charging conditions. Among the eight void fraction models studied, the Hughmark model showed the best agreement between superheat and subcooled temperatures, refrigerant flow rate and capacity and the measured results.

Farzad, Mohsen

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Aspects of charge recombination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, aspects of charge reconbination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices are presented. These devices show promise relative to traditional inorganic semiconductors. We show ...

Difley, Seth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Electric) - Commercial New Construction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Electric) - Commercial New Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Electric) - Commercial New Construction Rebates (Indiana) Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Electric) - Commercial New Construction Rebates (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Custom/HVAC Systems: $100,000 or 50% of the total project cost Incentive cannot buy down project below 1.5 years payback. Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Systems (New Construction): $0.12/kWh reduced

468

A Collaborative Infrastructure for Scalable and Robust News Delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the model used for the News Wire collaborative content delivery system. The system builds on the robustness and scalability of Astrolabe to weave a peer-to-peer infrastructure for real-time delivery of news items. The goal of the system is to deliver news updates to hundreds of thousands of subscribers within tens of seconds of the moment of publishing. The system significantly reduces the compute and network load at the publishers and guarantees delivery even in the face of publisher overload or denial of service attacks.

Werner Vogels Cornell; Werner Vogels; Ken Birman

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The cacheand-forward network architecture for efficient mobile content delivery services in the future internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel “cache-and-forward ” (CNF) protocol architecture for mobile content delivery services in the future Internet. The CNF architecture can be implemented as an overlay on top of the Internet Protocol (IP), or as a clean slate protocol for next-generation networks. CNF is based on the concept of store-and-forward routers with large storage, providing for opportunistic delivery to occasionally disconnected mobile users and for in-network caching of content. The proposed CNF protocol uses reliable hop-by-hop transfer of large data files between CNF routers in place of an end-to-end transport protocol like TCP. This approach makes it possible to serve mobile users with intermittent connectivity, while also mitigating selfinterference problems which arise in multi-hop wireless scenarios. Hop-by-hop transport is similarly useful in wired networks where router storage can help to smooth out link congestion bottlenecks which arise in TCP/IP networks. A second key feature of the CNF protocol is the integration of addressbased and content-based routing to support various content delivery modes that take advantage of in-network storage. An overview of the CNF architecture and major protocol components is given, and preliminary performance evaluation results are summarized to validate the main design principles.

Sanjoy Paul; Roy Yates; Dipankar Raychaudhuri; Jim Kurose

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Distributed Energy Resources at Naval Base Ventura County Building 1512: A Sensitivity Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Naval Base Ventura County Standby Generator Optimization20 Figure 7: Standby Charge Sensitivity – Separate24 Figure 11: Standby Charge Sensitivity Analysis –

Bailey, Owen C.; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

H2A Delivery: GH2 and LH2 Forecourt Land Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GH2 and LH2 Forecourt GH2 and LH2 Forecourt GH2 and LH2 Forecourt Land Areas Land Areas Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting May 8-9, 2007 Columbia, Maryland TIAX LLC Matthew Hooks 1601 S. D Anza Blvd. hooks.matthew@TIAXLLC.com Cupertino CA, 95014 Tel. 408-517-1550 Reference: D0348 © 2007 TIAX LLC General Assumptions ƒ Forecourt stations with fewer than 6 hydrogen dispensers will have both hydrogen and gasoline dispensers on-site (6 total) ƒ Forecourt area (not including convenience store) will be allocated based on relative number of hydrogen/gasoline dispensers ƒ All stations with more than 6 hydrogen dispensers will only dispense hydrogen ƒ 100% of forecourt area (not including convenience store) will be allocated to hydrogen delivery ƒ Area allocated to hydrogen storage will be in excess of the

472

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 12001: H2 Production and Delivery Cost Apportionment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

01 Date: May 14, 2012 01 Date: May 14, 2012 Title: H 2 Production and Delivery Cost Apportionment Originator: Scott Weil, Sara Dillich, Fred Joseck, and Mark Ruth Approved by: Sunita Satyapal and Rick Farmer Date: December 14, 2012 Item: The hydrogen threshold cost is defined as the untaxed cost of hydrogen (H 2 ) (produced, delivered, and dispensed) at which hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are projected to become competitive on a $/mile basis with competing vehicles [gasoline in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs)] in 2020. As established in Record 11007 [1], this cost ranges from $2.00-$4.00/gge a of H 2 (based on $2007). The threshold cost can be apportioned into its constituent H 2 production and delivery costs, which can then serve as the respective cost targets for multi-year planning of the Fuel Cell Technologies (FCT)

473

Fluid Delivery System For Capillary Electrophoretic Applications.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An automated electrophoretic system is disclosed. The system employs a capillary cartridge having a plurality of capillary tubes. The cartridge has a first array of capillary ends projecting from one side of a plate. The first array of capillary ends are spaced apart in substantially the same manner as the wells of a microtitre tray of standard size. This allows one to simultaneously perform capillary electrophoresis on samples present in each of the wells of the tray. The system includes a stacked, dual carrousel arrangement to eliminate cross-contamination resulting from reuse of the same buffer tray on consecutive executions from electrophoresis. The system also has a gel delivery module containing a gel syringe/a stepper motor or a high pressure chamber with a pump to quickly and uniformly deliver gel through the capillary tubes. The system further includes a multi-wavelength beam generator to generate a laser beam which produces a beam with a wide range of wavelengths. An off-line capillary reconditioner thoroughly cleans a capillary cartridge to enable simultaneous execution of electrophoresis with another capillary cartridge. The streamlined nature of the off-line capillary reconditioner offers the advantage of increased system throughput with a minimal increase in system cost.

Li, Qingbo (State College, PA); Liu, Changsheng (State College, PA); Kane, Thomas E. (State College, PA); Kernan, John R. (Loganton, PA); Sonnenschein, Bernard (Brooklyn, NY); Sharer, Michael V. (Tyrone, PA)

2002-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

474

Effects of image charges, interfacial charge discreteness, and surface roughness on the zeta potential of spherical electric double layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of image charges, interfacial charge discreteness, and surface roughness on spherical electric double layers in electrolyte solutions with divalent counter-ions in the setting of the primitive model. By using Monte Carlo simulations and the image charge method, the zeta potential profile and the integrated charge distribution function are computed for varying surface charge strengths and salt concentrations. Systematic comparisons were carried out between three distinct models for interfacial charges: 1) SURF1 with uniform surface charges, 2) SURF2 with discrete point charges on the interface, and 3) SURF3 with discrete interfacial charges and finite excluded volume. By comparing the integrated charge distribution function (ICDF) and potential profile, we argue that the potential at the distance of one ion diameter from the macroion surface is a suitable location to define the zeta potential. In SURF2 model, we find that image charge effects strongly enhance charge inversion for monovalent interfacial charges, and strongly suppress charge inversion for multivalent interfacial charges. For SURF3, the image charge effect becomes much smaller. Finally, with image charges in action, we find that excluded volumes (in SURF3) suppress charge inversion for monovalent interfacial charges and enhance charge inversion for multivalent interfacial charges. Overall, our results demonstrate that all these aspects, i.e., image charges, interfacial charge discreteness, their excluding volumes have significant impacts on the zeta potential, and thus the structure of electric double layers.

Zecheng Gan; Xiangjun Xing; Zhenli Xu

2012-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

475

The Charge Induced on a Conducting Cylinder by a Point Charge and Its Application to the Measurement of Charge on Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of the electrostatic boundary value problem for a point charge inside an infinite cylinder is applied to sensors employed in the measurement of charge on precipitation. With these devices the charge induced on a cylindrical segment ...

Andrew J. Weinheimer

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The inter- and intrafraction reproducibilities of three common IMRT delivery techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment delivery requires higher precision than conventional 3D treatment delivery because of the sensitivity of the resulting dose to small geometric misalignment of the modulated beamlets. The chosen treatment delivery technique will affect the treatment precision in different ways, based on the characteristics of the delivery method. Delivery using a multileaf collimator (MLC) can reduce treatment time and therapist workload, but typically requires a greater number of monitor units and the fields are prone to both systematic and random leaf positioning errors. An alternative to MLC-based fields, patient specific brass compensators, do not suffer from these leaf positioning errors. In our study, we set out to investigate which delivery method will provide the highest levels of dosimetric reproducibility and the minimum amount of interfraction variability. Methods: In our study, a seven field IMRT plan for a head and neck treatment was created using the Pinnacle{sup 3} treatment planning system and the intensity maps for each field were obtained. The intensity maps of the fields were delivered with a Varian 2100C/D linear accelerator, using solid compensators and sliding window (SW) and step-and-shoot (SS) MLC segments. Three fields were selected from the seven-beam IMRT plan for comparison. Analysis was carried out using the MatriXX ion chamber array, radiochromic film, and Varian dynalog files. Results: Our results show that the error in MLC leaf positioning has no gantry angle dependence. The compensator and SW deliveries showed excellent agreement, even when stricter than usual gamma criteria were applied. However, we noted that under these strict conditions, the SS fields had at least ten times more pixels out of range than did the compensators. When using step-and-shoot MLC fields, it was observed that the increase in dose rate or the increase of MU/segment degrades the quality of the plan. Analysis of the dynalog files showed that while each individual field had its own propensity for error, all fields showed the same trend: a greater percentage of time the leaves are out of position as dose rate increases, MUs decrease, or both. Conclusions: The compensator-based field and both types of MLC-based fields have MatriXX results that are within the clinically acceptable tolerance of 3% dose difference and 2 mm DTA. However, when the criteria are tightened, it becomes evident that the compensators have a definite advantage over their comparable MLC-based competitors in terms of interfraction reproducibility. Fewer monitor units are required to deliver each portal, potentially improving patient outcomes and reducing unwanted side effects to both patients and therapists. In centers without MLC, compensators represent a simple and cost effective way to offer patients state of the art treatment. Based on the results of this study, compensator-based IMRT is a reliable, viable option for use in clinics both with and without MLC-equipped linacs.

Buckey, Courtney R.; Stathakis, Sotirios; Papanikolaou, Niko [Department of Radiology and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey and Guidelines Title Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey and Guidelines Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2000 Authors Schiller, Steven R., Charles A. Goldman, and Brian Henderson Pagination 20 Date Published 08/2000 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract This paper discusses the evolution of performance contracting programs that are included in energy efficiency activities supported by Public Benefit Charge (PBC) funds. Between 1998 and 2002, on the order of $400 million of ratepayer funds are or expected to be committed for these programs in California, Colorado, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin. We summarize several programs that encourage performance-based contracting either through standard performance contracting (e.g., California, New York and Texas), demandside bidding (Colorado) or contractor support programs (Wisconsin). The programs are selected in part to illustrate differing program objectives as well as the relationship between goals and program design. Our major findings and recommendations are:

478

Ambipolar charge transport in microcrystalline silicon thin-film transistors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon ({mu}c-Si:H) is a promising candidate for thin-film transistors (TFTs) in large-area electronics due to high electron and hole charge carrier mobilities. We report on ambipolar TFTs based on {mu}c-Si:H prepared by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition at temperatures compatible with flexible substrates. Electrons and holes are directly injected into the {mu}c-Si:H channel via chromium drain and source contacts. The TFTs exhibit electron and hole charge carrier mobilities of 30-50 cm{sup 2}/V s and 10-15 cm{sup 2}/V s, respectively. In this work, the electrical characteristics of the ambipolar {mu}c-Si:H TFTs are described by a simple analytical model that takes the ambipolar charge transport into account. The analytical expressions are used to model the transfer curves, the potential and the net surface charge along the channel of the TFTs. The electrical model provides insights into the electronic transport of ambipolar {mu}c-Si:H TFTs.

Knipp, Dietmar; Marinkovic, M. [Electronic Devices and Nanophotonics Laboratory, Jacobs University Bremen, 28759 Bremen (Germany); Chan, Kah-Yoong [IEF5-Photovoltaics, Research Center Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, Cyberjaya, 63100 Selangor (Malaysia); Gordijn, Aad [IEF5-Photovoltaics, Research Center Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Stiebig, Helmut [IEF5-Photovoltaics, Research Center Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Malibu Solar GmbH and Co. KG, 33609 Bielefeld (Germany)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Charging generator for a vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A charging generator is described for a vehicle, comprising: an annular casing having an axis, and having a radially outer periphery and front and rear axial side walls defined by axially spaced front and rear brackets which are fixed to one another; a rotary shaft extending through the casing along the axis and being rotatably supported by bearings of the front and rear brackets; a rotor mounted on the rotary shaft; a stator fixed to one of the brackets; at least one window in the front bracket, at least a portion of at least one window extending along a portion of the outer periphery between the rotor and the front side wall; and partition plate fixed within the front bracket between the rotor and the front side wall, the partition plate extending radially to at least one window being spaced from the rotor and the front side wall to divide each at least one window into an air intake window and an air discharge window, the air intake and discharge windows being connected by a radially extending air inlet passage on one side of the partition plate and a radially extending air discharge passage on the other side of the partition plate.

Gotoh, H.

1987-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

480

Gravitating Dyons with Large Electric Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider non-Abelian dyons in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. The dyons are spherically symmetric with unit magnetic charge. For large values of the electric charge the dyons approach limiting solutions, related to the Penney solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-scalar theory.

Rustam Ibadov; Burkhard Kleihaus; Jutta Kunz; Ulrike Neemann

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "base charge delivery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Adaptive Battery Charge Scheduling with Bursty Workloads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Adaptive Battery Charge Scheduling with Bursty Workloads Dylan Lexie , Shan Lin, and Jie Wu.wu@temple.edu Abstract--Battery-powered wireless sensor devices need to be charged to provide the desired functionality after deployment. Task or even device failures can occur if the voltage of the battery is low

Wu, Jie

482

Charging system for nickel-zing batteries  

SciTech Connect

A source of constant current or constant power supplies charging current to a nickel-zinc battery to produce a generally S-shaped battery voltage waveform. To improve battery life, charging is terminated at the inflection point where the slope of the battery voltage changes from increasing to decreasing.

Jones, R. A.; Reoch, W. D.

1985-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

483

Charged Black Holes in New Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct charged black hole solutions to three-dimensional New Massive Gravity (NMG), by adding electromagnetic Maxwell and Chern-Simons actions. We find charged black holes in the form of warped AdS_3 and "log" solutions in specific critical point. The entropy, mass and angular momentum of these black holes are computed.

Ghodsi, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rechargeable batteries are found in almost every battery powered application. Be it portable, stationary or motive applications, these batteries go hand in hand with battery charging systems. With energy harvesting being targeted in this day and age, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system, have to be replenished or recharged once their energy is depleted. Battery charging systems must perform this replenishment by using very fast and efficient methods to extend battery life and to increase periods between charges. In this regard, they have to be versatile, efficient and user programmable to increase their applications in numerous battery powered systems. This is to reduce the cost of using different battery chargers for different types of battery powered applications and also to provide the convenience of rare battery replacement and extend the periods between charges. This thesis proposes a user programmable charging system that can charge a Lithium ion battery from three different input sources, i.e. a wall outlet, a universal serial bus (USB) and an energy harvesting system. The proposed charging system consists of three main building blocks, i.e. a pulse charger, a step down DC to DC converter and a switching network system, to extend the number of applications it can be used for. The switching network system is to allow charging of a battery via an energy harvesting system, while the step down converter is used to provide an initial supply voltage to kick start the energy harvesting system. The pulse charger enables the battery to be charged from a wall outlet or a USB network. It can also be reconfigured to charge a Nickel Metal Hydride battery. The final design is implemented on an IBM 0.18µm process. Experimental results verify the concept of the proposed charging system. The pulse charger is able to be reconfigured as a trickle charger and a constant current charger to charge a Li-ion battery and a Nickel Metal Hydride battery, respectively. The step down converter has a maximum efficiency of 90% at an input voltage of 3V and the charging of the battery via an energy harvesting system is also verified.

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Canada, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.bchydro.com/etc/medialib/internet/documents/environment/EVcharging A major component of winning public acceptance for plug-in vehicles is the streamlining of the private electric vehicle charging or supply equipment permitting and installation process as well as the public and commercial availability of charging locations. These guidelines are intended to anticipate the questions and requirements to ensure customer satisfaction.

486

On the charge of the photon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The papers setting upper bounds on the value of electric charge of the photon are briefly reviewed. The theoretical framework of these bounds is shown to be incomplete. Hence the bounds seem to be unreliable. There exists about a dozen of papers questioning the neutrality of photon and setting an upper limit on its charge. The title of the first paper [1] was “Experimental limit on the “charge ” of the photon”. Please note that the word “charge ” was in quotation marks, which, I suspect, reflected the scepticism of the authors. They searched for the effect of electric field V = 20 kv on the energy of 14.4 KeV photons emitted by Fe 57 and investigated with the use of recoilless resonance scattering. Neither an energy shift nor a line broadening has been observed allowing the authors to set the limit e?/e < 10 ?15. The authors of experiment [2] were searching for small charge (<

L. B. Okun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Cooper pairing near charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a quartic contact interaction between charged fermions can lead to Cooper pairing and a superconducting instability in the background of a charged asymptotically Anti-de Sitter black hole. For a massless fermion we obtain the zero mode analytically and compute the dependence of the critical temperature T_c on the charge of the fermion. The instability we find occurs at charges above a critical value, where the fermion dispersion relation near the Fermi surface is linear. The critical temperature goes to zero as the marginal Fermi liquid is approached, together with the density of states at the Fermi surface. Besides the charge, the critical temperature is controlled by a four point function of a fermionic operator in the dual strongly coupled field theory.

Hartman, Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Cooper pairing near charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a quartic contact interaction between charged fermions can lead to Cooper pairing and a superconducting instability in the background of a charged asymptotically Anti-de Sitter black hole. For a massless fermion we obtain the zero mode analytically and compute the dependence of the critical temperature T_c on the charge of the fermion. The instability we find occurs at charges above a critical value, where the fermion dispersion relation near the Fermi surface is linear. The critical temperature goes to zero as the marginal Fermi liquid is approached, together with the density of states at the Fermi surface. Besides the charge, the critical temperature is controlled by a four point function of a fermionic operator in the dual strongly coupled field theory.

Thomas Hartman; Sean A. Hartnoll

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

489

Electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector system having enhanced radio frequency interference immunity includes a detector housing with a detector entrance opening for receiving the charged particles. A charged particle detector having an active surface is disposed within the housing. The active surface faces toward the detector entrance opening for providing electrical signals representative of the received charged particles when the received charged particles are applied to the active surface. A conductive layer is disposed upon the active surface. In a preferred embodiment, a nonconductive layer is disposed between the conductive layer and the active surface. The conductive layer is electrically coupled to the detector housing to provide a substantially continuous conductive electrical shield surrounding the active surface. The inner surface of the detector housing is supplemented with a radio frequency absorbing material such as ferrite.

Balmer, D.K.; Haverty, T.W.; Nordin, C.W.; Tyree, W.H.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

490

Proximity charge sensing for semiconductor detectors  

SciTech Connect

A non-contact charge sensor includes a semiconductor detector having a first surface and an opposing second surface. The detector includes a high resistivity electrode layer on the first surface and a low resistivity electrode on the high resistivity electrode layer. A portion of the low resistivity first surface electrode is deleted to expose the high resistivity electrode layer in a portion of the area. A low resistivity electrode layer is disposed on the second surface of the semiconductor detector. A voltage applied between the first surface low resistivity electrode and the second surface low resistivity electrode causes a free charge to drift toward the first or second surface according to a polarity of the free charge and the voltage. A charge sensitive preamplifier coupled to a non-contact electrode disposed at a distance from the exposed high resistivity electrode layer outputs a signal in response to movement of free charge within the detector.

Luke, Paul N; Tindall, Craig S; Amman, Mark

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

491

A First Look at the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Electric Grid in the EV Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

ECOtality was awarded a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to lead a large-scale electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration, called The EV Project. ECOtality has partnered with Nissan North America, General Motors, the Idaho National Laboratory, and others to deploy and collect data from over 5,000 Nissan LEAFsTM and Chevrolet Volts and over 10,000 charging systems in 18 regions across the United States. This paper summarizes usage of residential charging units in The EV Project, based on data collected through the end of 2011. This information is provided to help analysts assess the impact on the electric grid of early adopter charging of grid-connected electric drive vehicles. A method of data aggregation was developed to summarize charging unit usage by the means of two metrics: charging availability and charging demand. Charging availability is plotted to show the percentage of charging units connected to a vehicle over time. Charging demand is plotted to show charging demand on the electric gird over time. Charging availability for residential charging units is similar in each EV Project region. It is low during the day, steadily increases in evening, and remains high at night. Charging demand, however, varies by region. Two EV Project regions were examined to identify regional differences. In Nashville, where EV Project participants do not have time-of-use electricity rates, demand increases each evening as charging availability increases, starting at about 16:00. Demand peaks in the 20:00 hour on weekdays. In San Francisco, where the majority of EV Project participants have the option of choosing a time-of-use rate plan from their electric utility, demand spikes at 00:00. This coincides with the beginning of the off-peak electricity rate period. Demand peaks at 01:00.

Stephen L. Schey; John G. Smart; Don R. Scoffield

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. Presentations on Vulnerability and Instrusion Detection are below.

493

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Vulnerability and Intrusion Detection National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. Presentations on Vulnerability and Instrusion Detection are below.

494

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Practices/Standards Development Best Practices/Standards Development Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Best Practices/Standards Development National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. Presentations on Best Practices/Standards Development are below.

495

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs.

496

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely Monitoring Hurricane Irene (2011) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely Monitoring Hurricane Irene (2011) August 25, 2011 - 11:13am Addthis The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) is closely monitoring Hurricane Irene as it travels up the U.S. coast and is publishing Situation Reports. Addthis Related Articles Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone on the southern coast of New Jersey near Atlantic City at 8 p.m. on October 29, with top sustained winds of 80 mph. | Photo courtesy of NOAA. Responding To Hurricane Sandy: DOE Situation Reports On November 7, a Nor'easter began to impact the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast with strong winds, rain or snow, and coastal flooding. | Photo courtesy of NOAA.

497

Secretary Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

as Prepared for Delivery at the Washington as Prepared for Delivery at the Washington University Commencement Secretary Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the Washington University Commencement May 21, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Remarks of Secretary Steven Chu- As Prepared for Delivery Washington University Friday, May 21, 2010 Chancellor Mark Wrighton, the Board of Trustees, faculty, family, and friends here today, thank you for letting me share this wonderful day with you. It is a special privilege to return to the campus where my father began his career as a professor of chemical engineering. To the new graduates: Congratulations on your achievements. This year is the 40th anniversary of my own commencement. I know from personal experience that you will probably not remember what I will have said five years from today. I could stand here and read the phone book -

498

Improvements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Hydrogen to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results May 8, 2007 Amgad Elgowainy Argonne National Laboratory Comparison of Delivery Pathways- V1.0 vs. V2.0 2 1 3 i delivery by a Loading, the plant Version 1.0 character zed components for 3 pathways with single mode. conditioning and storage are at or adjacent to Liquid Hydrogen (LH) Truck H2 Production 100 or 1500 kg/d Compressed H2 (CH) Truck H2 Production 3 or 7 kpsi 100 or 1500 kg/d H2 Production Gaseous H2 Pipeline 100 or 1500 kg/d HDSAM V1.0 Estimates Delivery Cost for 3 Pathways 4 H2 H2 1 2 3 H2 Distribution and Ci I. Liquid H2 Distribution: HDSAM V2.0 Simulates Nine Pathways Production Production LH Terminal LH Terminal Production LH Terminal Transmission Transmission Distribution

499

Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secure Communications Secure Communications Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Secure Communications National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia from the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program in the DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability held a 2-day public peer review to examine more than 30 DOE-supported or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group provided technical feedback and recommendations to each project to ensure DOE continues to support robust projects that meet industry needs. Presentations on Secure Communications are below. CEDS 2010 Peer Review - Cryptographic Trust Management - Mark Hadley,

500

EM's Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity Cleanup Contracts |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM's Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity Cleanup Contracts EM's Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity Cleanup Contracts EM's Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity Cleanup Contracts The Office of Environmental Management (EM) has 23 Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contracts to provide cleanup services at EM sites across the United States. The scope of work of the IDIQ contracts includes: environmental remediation deactivation, decommissioning, demolition and removal of contaminated facilities waste management regulatory compliance These nationwide, multiple-award IDIQ contracts allow EM sites to place timely, competitive and cost-effective task orders for environmental services with either large or small businesses, as determined by the complexity of the requirements. Twelve of the IDIQ contracts were awarded