Sample records for barbados belarus belgium

  1. Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

  2. Barbados: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados: Energy

  3. 25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium’s E-Cube

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    No, it's not an Ikea manual; it's the instructions for how to construct Team Belgium's "E-Cube" home for the 2011 Solar Decathlon.

  4. "To make their owne termes": servant rebelliousness and the transitionto slavery in seventeenth-century Barbados and Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compton, Tonia M

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the seventeenth century the English colonies of Barbados and Virginia relied upon the institution of indentured servitude to meet their labor needs. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, both colonies had come to rely upon...

  5. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    16 let spustya [Life after Chernobyl: 16 years later]. 2002.Press. Belarus and Chernobyl: The Second Decade. 1998. Ed.Alexievich, S. 1997. Chernobyl’skaya molitva. Hronika

  6. Dynamics of the radiation situation on the territory of the Republic of Belarus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matveyenko, I.I.; Zhukova, O.M. [Republic Centre of Radiation and Environment Monitoring, Minsk (Belarus). Belarus State Dept. for Hydrometerology

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the environmental contamination in Belarus before the Chernobyl accident and after it. The soil concentration was determined for iodine-131 in 1986, cerium-144 in 1986, and cesium-137 in 1993. Surface water contamination was determined for cesium-137 from 1987-1991. The vertical migration of cesium 137 was determined in soil.

  7. International Enrollment: Fall 2010 and South Middle North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Vietnam. Europe Other: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria

  8. University of Liege, Belgium Faculty of Applied Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liège, Université de

    a safe, effective way to manage inter- and intra- patient variability and allow customised and patient framework in intensive care units at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire in Liege, Belgium. STAR is a model

  9. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh Moldova Belarus Mongolia Belgium Morocco BoliviaAustria Mexico Bangladesh Mongolia Belgium Morocco BoliviaAustralia Mexico Austria Mongolia Bangladesh Morocco Belgium

  10. THE NEXT BIG THING : HISTORIANS, LET US ALL BE BELGIANS ! A few comments about Belgium's heuristic power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to capture the circuits of information, power, knowledge, people and their impact comments about Belgium's heuristic power. There is not one ounce of irony and ponder the heuristic power of Belgium as a tool for the historian's craft

  11. Measurement and comparison of individual external doses of high-school students living in Japan, France, Poland and Belarus -- the "D-shuttle" project --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adachi, N; Adjovi, Y; Aida, K; Akamatsu, H; Akiyama, S; Akli, A; Ando, A; Andrault, T; Antonietti, H; Anzai, S; Arkoun, G; Avenoso, C; Ayrault, D; Banasiewicz, M; Bana?kiewicz, M; Bernandini, L; Bernard, E; Berthet, E; Blanchard, M; Boreyko, D; Boros, K; Charron, S; Cornette, P; Czerkas, K; Dameron, M; Date, I; De Pontbriand, M; Demangeau, F; Dobaczewski, ?; Dobrzy?ski, L; Ducouret, A; Dziedzic, M; Ecalle, A; Edon, V; Endo, K; Endo, T; Endo, Y; Etryk, D; Fabiszewska, M; Fang, S; Fauchier, D; Felici, F; Fujiwara, Y; Gardais, C; Gaul, W; Guérin, L; Hakoda, R; Hamamatsu, I; Handa, K; Haneda, H; Hara, T; Hashimoto, M; Hashimoto, T; Hashimoto, K; Hata, D; Hattori, M; Hayano, R; Hayashi, R; Higasi, H; Hiruta, M; Honda, A; Horikawa, Y; Horiuchi, H; Hozumi, Y; Ide, M; Ihara, S; Ikoma, T; Inohara, Y; Itazu, M; Ito, A; Janvrin, J; Jout, I; Kanda, H; Kanemori, G; Kanno, M; Kanomata, N; Kato, T; Kato, S; Katsu, J; Kawasaki, Y; Kikuchi, K; Kilian, P; Kimura, N; Kiya, M; Klepuszewski, M; Kluchnikov, E; Kodama, Y; Kokubun, R; Konishi, F; Konno, A; Kontsevoy, V; Koori, A; Koutaka, A; Kowol, A; Koyama, Y; Kozio?, M; Kozue, M; Kravtchenko, O; Krucza?a, W; Kud?a, M; Kudo, H; Kumagai, R; Kurogome, K; Kurosu, A; Kuse, M; Lacombe, A; Lefaillet, E; Magara, M; Malinowska, J; Malinowski, M; Maroselli, V; Masui, Y; Matsukawa, K; Matsuya, K; Matusik, B; Maulny, M; Mazur, P; Miyake, C; Miyamoto, Y; Miyata, K; Miyata, K; Miyazaki, M; Mol?da, M; Morioka, T; Morita, E; Muto, K; Nadamoto, H; Nadzikiewicz, M; Nagashima, K; Nakade, M; Nakayama, C; Nakazawa, H; Nihei, Y; Nikul, R; Niwa, S; Niwa, O; Nogi, M; Nomura, K; Ogata, D; Ohguchi, H; Ohno, J; Okabe, M; Okada, M; Okada, Y; Omi, N; Onodera, H; Onodera, K; Ooki, S; Oonishi, K; Oonuma, H; Ooshima, H; Oouchi, H; Orsucci, M; Paoli, M; Penaud, M; Perdrisot, C; Petit, M; Piskowski, A; P?ocharski, A; Polis, A; Polti, L; Potsepnia, T; Przybylski, D; Pytel, M; Quillet, W; Remy, A; Robert, C; Sadowski, M; Saito, M; Sakuma, D; Sano, K; Sasaki, Y; Sato, N; Schneider, T; Schneider, C; Schwartzman, K; Selivanov, E; Sezaki, M; Shiroishi, K; Shustava, I; ?nieci?ska, A; Stalchenko, E; Staro?, A; Stromboni, M; Studzi?ska, W; Sugisaki, H; Sukegawa, T; Sumida, M; Suzuki, Y; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, R; Suzuki, H; Suzuki, K; ?widerski, W; Szudejko, M; Szymaszek, M; Tada, J; Taguchi, H; Takahashi, K; Tanaka, D; Tanaka, G; Tanaka, S; Tanino, K; Tazbir, K; Tcesnokova, N; Tgawa, N; Toda, N; Tsuchiya, H; Tsukamoto, H; Tsushima, T; Tsutsumi, K; Umemura, H; Uno, M; Usui, A; Utsumi, H; Vaucelle, M; Wada, Y; Watanabe, K; Watanabe, S; Watase, K; Witkowski, M; Yamaki, T; Yamamoto, J; Yamamoto, T; Yamashita, M; Yanai, M; Yasuda, K; Yoshida, Y; Yoshida, A; Yoshimura, K; ?mijewska, M; Zuclarelli, E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Twelve high schools in Japan (of which six are in Fukushima Prefecture), four in France, eight in Poland and two in Belarus cooperated in the measurement and comparison of individual external doses in 2014. In total 216 high-school students and teachers participated in the study. Each participant wore an electronic personal dosimeter "D-shuttle" for two weeks, and kept a journal of his/her whereabouts and activities. The distributions of annual external doses estimated for each region overlap with each other, demonstrating that the personal external individual doses in locations where residence is currently allowed in Fukushima Prefecture and in Belarus are well within the range of estimated annual doses due to the background radiation level of other regions/countries.

  12. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

  13. European Wind Energy Conference -Brussels, Belgium, April 2008 Data mining for wind power forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    European Wind Energy Conference - Brussels, Belgium, April 2008 Data mining for wind power-term forecasting of wind energy produc- tion up to 2-3 days ahead is recognized as a major contribution the improvement of predic- tion systems performance is recognised as one of the priorities in wind energy research

  14. School segregation in the French Community of Belgium Marc Demeuse & Nathanal Friant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 School segregation in the French Community of Belgium Marc Demeuse & Nathanaël Friant Institute of School Administration Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science University of Mons 18, Place du Parc is fostered by the school quasi-market, this chapter reviews what we know about segregation in the educational

  15. Commissioning-Oriented Building Loads Calculations. Application to the CA-MET Building in Namur (Belgium)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, C.; Andre, P.; Aparecida Silva, C.; Hannay, J.; Lebrun, J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) for the particular case of an office building located in Namur (Belgium), which is the object of an intensive re-commissioning activity for several years. Very global methods are used as well as detailed computer simulations using TRNSYS Multizone building types 46...

  16. Brussels, Belgium, November 19-22, 2012 Energy Demand Prediction in a Charge Station: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    EEVC Brussels, Belgium, November 19-22, 2012 Energy Demand Prediction in a Charge Station over a real database which can be associated with the energy demand generated by electric vehicles simplifying assumptions about the EV drivers' energy demand. To improve the accuracy of the modelling

  17. Indigenous Anthropology Beyond Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Varese, Guillermo Delgado and Rodolfo meyer

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Andean languages. Tristan Platt in his essay, “Entre Ch’axwaThe problem, observes Platt, occurs when the line blursHowever, what is important in Platt’s observations is that

  18. Indigenous Anthropology Beyond Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Varese, Guillermo Delgado and Rodolfo meyer

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fausto Reynaga (Aymara, Bolivia), Dolores Cacuango (Quichua,C. Tello and A. Lipschutz in Bolivia, Peru and Chile, or J.it was becoming evident in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia

  19. Inter-annual variability in phytoplankton summer blooms in the freshwater tidal reaches of the Schelde estuary (Belgium)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Warwick F.

    of the Schelde estuary (Belgium) Marie Lionard a,*, Koenraad Muylaert b , Abdel Hanoutti c , Tom Maris d , Miche to be negligible due to the high turbidity of the water (e.g. Uncles and Stephens, 1993). An increase

  20. Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus, 2003. 21 7+( '(),1,7,21 2) 38/6$7,1* +($7 3,3(6 $1 29(59,(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus)-711-685-2142, Fax: (+49)-711-685-2010, E-mail: khandekar@ike.uni-stuttgart.de $EVWUDFW Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) have emerged as interesting alternatives to conventional heat transfer technologies. These simple

  1. DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (Belgium) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosaPageEnergyDLC+VIT4IP Country Belgium

  2. XII-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 19 21, 2012, Ghent, Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ­ 21, 2012, Ghent, Belgium ADAPTIVE UNSCENTED TRANSFORM FOR UNCERTAINTY QUANTIFICATION IN EMC LARGE, this methodology becomes unpractical for large-scale systems. Nevertheless, an adaptive Unscented Transform can of large-scale EMC systems. For instance, a model of a power converter can take into account the intrinsic

  3. 33rd International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics Lie`ge, Belgium, May 711, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, John J.

    Preface 33rd International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics Lie`ge, Belgium, May 7­11, 2001 The International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics is organized annually. The topic differs from year to year. Assembling a group of active and eminent scien- tists from various countries and often different disci

  4. Title COMBINATION OF THERMAL SOLAR COLLECTORS, HEAT PUMP AND THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR DWELLINGS IN BELGIUM.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contact Raf; De Herdt; Roel De Coninck; Filip Van Den Schoor; Lieve Helsen

    The amount of available solar energy in Belgium is more than sufficient to meet local heat demand for space heating and domestic hot water in a dwelling. However, the timing of both the availability of solar energy and the need for thermal energy, match only to a limited extent. Therefore, compact storage of the surplus of thermal energy is a critical issue. Depending on the temperature at which this energy is available, directly from the sun or indirectly through the storage, different combinations with a heat pump can be considered. By combining solar energy with a heat pump one may benefit on both sides since the fraction of solar energy increases as well as the performance of the heat pump. The aim of this thesis is to select the best out of three configurations that combine thermal solar collectors, heat pump and thermal energy storage for heating purposes in dwellings in Belgium, based on model simulations. Energetic, exergetic and economic criteria are used to evaluate the different configurations, while thermal comfort and domestic hot water tap profiles should be met. One (or more) performance index (indices) is (are) defined enabling an objective comparison between different systems. Today several systems are already commercially available on the international market [4]. Since these systems consist of different components, the system design is a crucial issue. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the sizing of the individual components, the interaction of the components within the global system, and the strategy for operational control. To study the interaction with the building, three types of buildings (already defined in a previous project) are considered.

  5. Department of Plant Systems Biology, Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) and Department of Plant Biotechnology and Genetics, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Department of Plant Systems Biology, Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) and Department of Plant Biotechnology and Genetics, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium. Correspondence should be addressed or rapidly escape from adverse environmental situations. To overcome these restrictions, plants have evolved

  6. Additional requirements for leak-before-break application to primary coolant piping in Belgium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roussel, G. [AIB Vincotte Nuclear, Brussels (Belgium)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leak-Before-Break (LBB) technology has not been applied in the first design of the seven Pressurized Water Reactors the Belgian utility is currently operating. The design basis of these plants required to consider the dynamic effects associated with the ruptures to be postulated in the high energy piping. The application of the LBB technology to the existing plants has been recently approved by the Belgian Safety Authorities but with a limitation to the primary coolant loop. LBB analysis has been initiated for the Doel 3 and Tihange 2 plants to allow the withdrawal of some of the reactor coolant pump snubbers at both plants and not reinstall some of the restraints after steam generator replacement at Doel 3. LBB analysis was also found beneficial to demonstrate the acceptability of the primary components and piping to the new conditions resulting from power uprating and stretch-out operation. LBB analysis has been subsequently performed on the primary coolant loop of the Tihange I plant and is currently being performed for the Doel 4 plant. Application of the LBB to the primary coolant loop is based in Belgium on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission requirements. However the Belgian Safety Authorities required some additional analyses and put some restrictions on the benefits of the LBB analysis to maintain the global safety of the plant at a sufficient level. This paper develops the main steps of the safety evaluation performed by the Belgian Safety Authorities for accepting the application of the LBB technology to existing plants and summarizes the requirements asked for in addition to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission rules.

  7. armavir marz armenia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 Armenia 1 Australia 3 Austria 7 Bangladesh 23 Barbados 1 Belgium 1 Bolivia 5 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1 Brazil 8 Bulgaria 9 Burundi 1 Cameroon 6 Canada 7 Chile 6 China,...

  8. ESANN'1993 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 7-8-9 April 1993, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-0-6, pp. 209-214

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    ESANN'1993 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 7 Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 7-8-9 April 1993, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-0-6, pp. 209-214 #12;ESANN'1993 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels

  9. ESANN'1994 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 20-21-22 April 1994, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-1-4, pp. 37-42

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    ESANN'1994 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 20 Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 20-21-22 April 1994, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-1-4, pp. 37-42 #12;ESANN'1994 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels

  10. ESANN'1998 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges (Belgium), 22-23-24 April 1998, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-8-1, pp. 91-98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierwagen, Andreas

    ESANN'1998 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges (Belgium), 22 Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges (Belgium), 22-23-24 April 1998, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-8-1, pp. 91-98 #12;ESANN'1998 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges

  11. ESANN'1995 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 19-20-21 April 1995, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-3-0, pp. 153-160

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    ESANN'1995 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 19 Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 19-20-21 April 1995, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-3-0, pp. 153-160 #12;ESANN'1995 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels

  12. ESANN'1995 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 19-20-21 April 1995, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-3-0, pp. 365-371

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

    ESANN'1995 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 19 Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 19-20-21 April 1995, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-3-0, pp. 365-371 #12;ESANN'1995 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels

  13. ESANN'1993 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 7-8-9 April 1993, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-0-6, pp. 137-144

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    ESANN'1993 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 7 Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels (Belgium), 7-8-9 April 1993, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-0-6, pp. 137-144 #12;ESANN'1993 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Brussels

  14. ESANN'1997 proceedings -European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges (Belgium), 16-17-18 April 1997, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-7-3, pp. 151-156

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

    ESANN'1997 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges (Belgium), 16-17-18 April 1997, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-9600049-7-3, pp. 151-156 #12;ESANN'1997 proceedings - European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks Bruges (Belgium), 16-17-18 April 1997, D-Facto public., ISBN 2

  15. Ecosystem management research group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp 2610, Belgium. 2 Spatial ecology research group, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Yerseke 4400 AC, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    1 Ecosystem management research group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp 2610, Belgium. 2 Spatial Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), Yerseke 4400 AB, the Netherlands. 4 Delft of shorelines to keep up with relative sea-level rise (Fig. 1). In recent years, ecosystem-based flood defence

  16. Cost comparison between private and public collection of residual household waste: Multiple case studies in the Flemish region of Belgium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobsen, R., E-mail: ray.jacobsen@ugent.be [Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Buysse, J., E-mail: j.buysse@ugent.be [Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Gellynck, X., E-mail: xavier.gellynck@ugent.be [Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The goal is to compare collection costs for residual household waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We have clustered all municipalities in order to find mutual comparable pairs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Each pair consists of one private and one public operating waste collection program. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer All cases show that private service has lower costs than public service. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Municipalities were contacted to identify the deeper causes for the waste management program. - Abstract: The rising pressure in terms of cost efficiency on public services pushes governments to transfer part of those services to the private sector. A trend towards more privatizing can be noticed in the collection of municipal household waste. This paper reports the findings of a research project aiming to compare the cost between the service of private and public collection of residual household waste. Multiple case studies of municipalities about the Flemish region of Belgium were conducted. Data concerning the year 2009 were gathered through in-depth interviews in 2010. In total 12 municipalities were investigated, divided into three mutual comparable pairs with a weekly and three mutual comparable pairs with a fortnightly residual waste collection. The results give a rough indication that in all cases the cost of private service is lower than public service in the collection of household waste. Albeit that there is an interest in establishing whether there are differences in the costs and service levels between public and private waste collection services, there are clear difficulties in establishing comparisons that can be made without having to rely on a large number of assumptions and corrections. However, given the cost difference, it remains the responsibility of the municipalities to decide upon the service they offer their citizens, regardless the cost efficiency: public or private.

  17. Solar Hot Water Heater Industry in Barbados

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartment of Energy Ready,SmartEnergyEnergy ResourceSolar Hot

  18. Analysis of the spatial variation in the parameters of the SWAT model with application in Flanders,Northern Belgium Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 931939 (2004) EGU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ,Northern Belgium 931 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 931939 (2004) © EGU Analysis of the spatial.heuvelmans@agr.kuleuven.ac.be Abstract Operational applications of a hydrological model often require the prediction of stream flow of a large river basin. Keywords: hydrological model, regionalisation, parameterisation, spatial variability

  19. Belarus: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,

  20. Repeated surveillance of exposure to cadmium, manganese, and arsenic in school-age children living in rural, urban, and nonferrous smelter areas in Belgium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchet, J.P. (Univ. of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium); Roels, H.; Lauwerys, R.; Bruaux, P.; Claeys-Thoreau, F.; Lafontaine, A.; Verduyn, G.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The intensity of exposure to Cd, As, Mn in groups of school-age children living around a lead smelter was assessed. By comparison, groups of children living in an urban and a rural area were also examined. The metal content of blood, urine, hand-rinsing, air, dust, and dirt collected in the school-playground was compared. The urinary excretion of cadmium in children living around the lead smelter is greater than in those living in the urban and in the rural area. In the latter there seems to exist a time-dependent trend in the renal accumulation of cadmium. This suggests that the overall pollution of the environment by cadmium in Belgium is progressively increasing. In the smelter area, both the oral and pulmonary routes play a role in the children's exposure to cadmium. Their relative contribution to the amount of cadmium absorbed appears similar. The concentration of arsenic in urine of children living around the smelter is significantly higher than that of rural children. Speciation of the chemical forms of arsenic in urine indicates that the difference is not due to different dietary habits of the children examined but to different intensity of exposure to inorganic arsenic. The amount of arsenic on the hand of children living at less than 1 km from the smelter (anti X = 17.6 ..mu..g As/hand) was more than 10 times that found in children living at 2.5 km from the plant (anti X = 1.5 ..mu..g As/hand) whereas that found in children living in urban and rural areas was below 0.2 ..mu..g As/hand. The arsenic concentration of dust and dirt collected in the school-playground in the different areas follows the same trend.

  1. Belgium | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

  2. Suntechnics Belgium | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co Ltd Place: Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China

  3. Trade & Investment Barbados, 18-20 September 2005 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and practical experience have identified core technologies that can deliver increased food production, disease nutrients with chemical or organic fertilisers, the mass distribution of insecticide-treated bednets

  4. Transactions of the 16th Caribbean Geological Conference, Barbados.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbott Jr., Richard N.

    Hispaniola is one of the four large islands of the Greater Antilles (Fig. 1). Three of the islands (Jamaica, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico) lie just south of the northern edge of the Caribbean plate. The fourth of the Greater Antilles: C = Cuba; H = Hispaniola; J = Jama

  5. Solar Hot Water Heater Industry in Barbados | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's Nuclear EnergySmart Meters and|WaterEnergyFieldHot

  6. Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont:Solarfilms Co

  7. Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont:Solarfilms CoResilience Framework |

  8. Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems

  9. Brussels, Belgium: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont,Florida: EnergyVirginia:Brushy

  10. Belgium: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to: navigation, search Name:

  11. Estimating recharge thresholds in tropical karst island aquifers: Barbados, Puerto Rico and Guam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner, Jay L.

    at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712 USA b Texas Water Development Board, P.O. Box 13231, Austin, TX 78711-3231 USA 13231, Austin, TX 78711­3231, USA. Fax: þ1- 512-936-0889. E-mail addresses: ian

  12. Born: 1929, Baranovicze, then Poland, now Belarus In 1937 emigrated to Christchurch New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Emmanuel

    Cited: 236 DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC-ACIDS (C1-C10) IN THE ATMOSPHERE, MOTOR EXHAUSTS, AND ENGINE OILS of Sulphur Isotopes, IR. Kaplan* and SC. Rittenberg Journal of General Microbiology, 1964 #12;The age curves,051 MICROBIOLOGICAL FRACTIONATION OF SULPHUR ISOTOPES. By: KAPLAN, I R; RITTENBERG, S C Journal of general

  13. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Belgium) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2 SubmitInformation

  14. TWENTIES (Smart Grid Project) (Brussels, Belgium) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By FaultSunpodsSweetwaterTMA Global WindTWDB

  15. Belgium Highly Enriched Uranium and Plutonium Removals | National Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplex historian ...BESFor41Before RetiringSecurity

  16. Belgium Nuclear Security Summit: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplex historian ...BESFor41Before

  17. Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPowerBeanBeijingEnergy Information

  18. ICDERS July 27-31, 2009 Minsk, Belarus Correspondence to: kmchung@astrc.iaalab.ncku.edu.tw 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Diaphragm Effect on Detonation Wave Transmission from Propane/Oxygen to Propane/Air Jiun-Ming Li1 , Kung on the detonation wave propagation from a propane/oxygen mixture to a propane/air mixture. 2 Experimental setup the diaphragm was 922 mm long, see Fig. 1. A stoichiometric propane/oxygen mixture filled the donor tube while

  19. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a mobile nuclear power plant to radiation protection ofless than a nuclear accident or a radiation safety disaster:on Radiation Protection) 55 —shape international nuclear

  20. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ci/km²” (Areas with cesium contamination higher than 40 Ci/based on the contamination with Cesium-137); it had enoughsince cesium-137, the major source of contamination, tends

  1. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unipack. Irwin, A.1995. Citizen Science: a Study of People,and lay expertise in Citizen Science (1995), though, forof Humility: Citizen Participation in Governing Science.

  2. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contaminated territories, decontamination, and developmentsanatoria and resorts). Decontamination and rehabilitationmeasures” aimed at decontamination and facilitation of

  3. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dirty With some joint efforts of the village authorities [selsovet], the local doctor, the head of the hospital, the money

  4. U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cook Islands

  5. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet Union (Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Russia),kg CO 2 /$GDP FSS Ukraine Kazakhstan Iran East Asia BelarusAsia China South Africa Kazakhstan Malaysia Russia Thailand

  6. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Belarus and Kazakhstan that promote an alternativeof Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan, as counterweights tofrom Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan to European markets without

  7. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Morocco Zimbabwe Belarus Mongolia Dominican Re Peru SouthSerbia Zambia Morocco Mongolia Nauru Bolivia ArgentinaZimbabwe Belarus Morocco Mongolia Algeria Cyprus Dominican

  8. JOUKNAI, OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 98. NO. D7. PAGES 12.673-12.685, JULY 20. 1993 Aerosol Selenium at Bermuda and Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    constant concentration in deep waters (Boyle et al. 1976, Bruland & Franks 1983).This distribution is prima ocean (-10 pM Zn', -1 pM Cd'; Bruland 1989, 1992) al- though Cd cannot completely replace Zn. Over

  9. SEFI Conference, 16-20 September 2013, Leuven, Belgium The mathematics in your ears

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathematics with Sciences, Technology and Engineering. First, the need for this new kind of didactics

  10. Holland&BelgiumCruise the Magnificent Waterways and Canals PRESENTED BY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    and hyacinths bloom each spring. ·Admire the art of Rembrandt and see the scenes that inspired him. ·Enjoy on the art and culture of the Netherlands, with a focus on the Dutch artist Rembrandt van Rijn. She is a past

  11. Plant Molecular Biology 35: 355365, 1997. 355 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in Belgium.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlemeier, Cris

    , cytoplasmic male sterility, fermentation, glyoxylate cycle, pollen, tobacco Abstract Acetaldehyde is one of the intermediate products of ethanolic fermentation, which can be reduced to ethanol by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). Alternatively, acetaldehyde can be oxidized to acetate by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) and subsequently

  12. Plant Ecology 131: 223231, 1997. 223 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in Belgium.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavin, Daniel G.

    . Spatial structure and regeneration of Tetramerista glabra in peat swamp rain forest in Indonesian Borneo Hampshire, 03755, USA; ( current address: College of Forest Resources, Box 352100, University of Washington in peat swamp rain forest in Borneo (West Kalimantan, Indonesia). T. glabra has strong spatial structure

  13. Facult' es Universitaires NotreDame de la Paix Namur, Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farenc, Christelle

    during the development life cycle. These er- gonomic rules (or guidelines, human-computer interaction life cycle of an interactive system. Then, it is as- sumed that different types of such useful of the Software Ergonomics discipline. If applying ergonomic rules during the development life cycle

  14. Ramsey Pricing in a Congested Network with Market Power in Generation: A Numerical Illustration for Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pepermans, Guido; Willems, Bert

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    request. Geertruidenberg Borssele Zandvliet Doel 1 MercatorMaasbracht Geertruidenberg Borssele TOTAL France Node Avelin

  15. Country Profile -Belgium What are my chances of getting a job?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    . Major companies: Anheuser-Busch InBev, KBC Group, Dexia, Solvay, Delhaize Group, Belgacon, Ageas, Banque

  16. Belgium's Ghent University Prepares their E-Cube for Solar Decathlon...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    workers or help from outside financial institutions. Ghent University's home meets Passive House standards with air-tight insulation, energy-efficient windows, and the...

  17. Submitted to 15th Power System Computation Conference (PSCC), August 2005, Lige, Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    changes by government agencies to changes in protection system plans and practices. It is clear the system survives depends entirely upon the actions of automatic devices such as relays. Examples

  18. Journal of Paleolimnology 18: 189206, 1997. 189 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in Belgium.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julius, Matthew L.

    Key words: Lake Baikal, Russia, paleolimnology, diatoms, chrysophyte cysts, climate change Abstract in the marine 18 O record, with peak microfossil levels generally representing climate optima. Microfossil taxa present in sampled intervals changed considerably with core depth. Within each sample a small number

  19. University of Namur 61, rue de Bruxelles, B5000 Namur (Belgium ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 9, 2010 ... University of Namur ... ?Department of Mathematics and Natural Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal ...... GALAHAD, a library of thread-.

  20. Dismantling of alpha contaminated obsolete installations and glove boxes on the IRMM site in Geel (Belgium)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cretskens, Pieter; Lenie, Koen [Tecnubel NV, Gravenstraat 77, B-2480 Dessel (Belgium); Melis, Gustaaf [IRMM JRC, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (European commission, Joint Research Centre, IRMM) a dismantling campaign of obsolete installations and glove boxes has been carried out in 2005. There were various reasons for their removal. Some large installations did not meet modern safety standards, other installations were worn out and expected to cause a radioactive contamination risk in the future. The main goal was to create as less waste as possible by extensive contamination checks and by decontamination if necessary. For the glove boxes, decontamination was not possible. A controlled area was set up around the installation to be dismantled in order to prevent spreading of contamination from dust and dirt. This was only possible for the 'minor' contaminated installations. The dismantling campaign of the glove boxes was carried out by using tents of two types depending the contamination inside the glove boxes. The most common glove boxes were dismantled in a tent constructed with hard surfaced polycarbonate plates (ventilated cell). For glove boxes with higher contamination, the same principle was used but with a second 'glove box tent' inside (ventilated glove tent). The purpose of this project was to learn from the experience of this campaign which gave the ability to make estimates of future radioactive waste or classic waste that could be expected from dismantled installations. (authors)

  1. Venue: Rue Joseph II, 54 (J-54). Meeting room: 00/SDR2 Brussels, Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    examines poverty through a new lens and multiple angles in order to contribute to a better understanding of poverty in the XXI st century and to improve the efficiency of policies on poverty reduction of approaches to apprehend the causes and mechanisms of poverty. 8:30-9:00 Registration and coffee 9

  2. The Environmental Data Acquisition System (EDAS) developed at the Royal Observatory of Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauducel, François

    conditions due to thermal waves were met. Similar equipment (EDAS) was also experimented on during the solar in this paper. The transducer's qualification is carried out in a laboratory where the admittance of various

  3. Erdteil/Land Gesamt mnnlich weiblich Erstimm. Neuimm. Rckgem. Beurlaubt Afrika 53 44 9 5 0 44 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    Ungarn 2 - 2 - - 2 - Vereinigtes Königreich 2 2 - - - 2 - Weissrussland (Belarus) 3 - 3 - - 3 - Zypern 1

  4. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syrian Arab Republic Belarus Kazakhstan Trinidad and Tobago Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Kyrgyzstan

  5. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia

  6. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ. (NORWAY) Svalbard FY R OM* SER. KAZAKHSTAN Black Sea Barents Sea

  7. The Comparative Geographies of Servitude: Servitude, Slavery, and Ideology in the 17th-and 18th-Century Anglo-American Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Laura Elizabeth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    her servant, Yahamona, in Hispaniola, 58 and jumpstart hisagainst the tendency of Hispaniola has replaced Barbados as

  8. ,((( %HQHOX[ 6LJQDO 3URFHVVLQJ 6\\PSRVLXP 636 /HXYHQ %HOJLXP 0DUFK 5('(),1,1* ,1721$7,21 )520 6(/(&7(' 81,76 )25 121

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    Scientific Park, Copernic Avenue, B-7000 Mons, Belgium Initialis Scientific Park, Copernic Avenue, B-7000 Mons, Belgium Initialis Scientific Park, Copernic Avenue, B-7000 Mons, Belgium bozkurt

  9. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 166, 165172 (2009) c EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael, Elie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 7000 Mons, Belgium 3 Materia Nova Asbl, Parc Initialis, 1 avenue N. Copernic, 7000 Mons, Belgium 4

  10. Trip report: European Communities 1989 International Conference on Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Brussels, Belgium, October 24-27, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rankin, W.N.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European community is conducting research on the decommissioning of nuclear installations. The prime objective is to develop effective techniques to ensure the protection of man and his environment against the potential hazards of nuclear installations that have been shut down. The results of the 1979--1983 research program were presented in a conference held in Luxembourg. This program was primarily concerned with decommissioning nuclear power plants. The 1984--1988 program was extended to all types of nuclear installations. Fuel fabrication, enrichment and reprocessing plants, and research and development facilities having fulfilled their useful purposes are also awaiting decommissioning. This Program has produced numerous scientific and technical achievements. Great progress has in particular been achieved in the reduction of metal waste arising from decommissioning, due to advances in areas such as the development of aggressive decontamination procedures and of techniques for melting and recycling low-level radioactive waste metal.

  11. SEFI Conference, 16-20 September 2013, Leuven, Belgium How to train engineering students to cope with complexity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    discuss the advantages of this process and explain the planned future improvements. 1 CONTEXT, PROBLEMS in their company or at school. However, these skills are not sufficient for students to be fully operational and project management planning). They also improve their knowledge in oral and written communication

  12. Foreign travel report: Visits to UK, Belgium, Germany, and France to benchmark European spent fuel and waste management technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ermold, L.F.; Knecht, D.A.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ICPP WINCO Spent Fuel and Waste Management Development Program recently was funded by DOE-EM to develop new technologies for immobilizing ICPP spent fuels, sodium-bearing liquid waste, and calcine to a form suitable for disposal. European organizations are heavily involved, in some cases on an industrial scale in areas of waste management, including spent fuel disposal and HLW vitrification. The purpose of this trip was to acquire first-hand European efforts in handling of spent reactor fuel and nuclear waste management, including their processing and technical capabilities as well as their future planning. Even though some differences exist in European and U.S. DOE waste compositions and regulations, many aspects of the European technologies may be applicable to the U.S. efforts, and several areas offer potential for technical collaboration.

  13. Evidence-based calibration of a building energy simulation model: Application to an office building in Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertagnolio, S.; Randaxhe, F.; Lemort, V.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    % of the total consumption while almost one quarter of the total consumption is due to IT rooms. Ventilation fans are responsible of about 14% of the consumption. The hot and chilled water production and distribution equipment represent about 13% of the total...

  14. Paper presented at EWEC 2008, Brussels, Belgium (31 March-03 April) Uncertainty Estimation of Wind Power Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Antipolis, France Abstract--Short-term wind power forecasting tools providing "single-valued" (spot) predictions associated to the future wind power produc- tion for performing more efficiently functions such as reserves and modelling architec- tures for probabilistic wind power forecasting. Then, a comparison is carried out

  15. 6th European Conference on Ecological Restoration Ghent, Belgium, 8-12/09/2008 A GEOMORPHIC APPROACH FOR THE ECOLOGICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with reclamation plans, have also the potential of affecting the rivers by siltation. In this work, geomorphic criteria for the eco-hydrological reclamation of both abandoned and active kaolin mines are explained the second economic activity here (13.5 % of the local employment). On the other hand, this portion of land

  16. Evidence-based calibration of a building energy simulation model: Application to an office building in Belgium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertagnolio, S.; Randaxhe, F.; Lemort, V.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy services play a growing role in the control of energy consumption and the improvement of energy efficiency in non-residential buildings. This work consists in the application of a simulation-based approach dedicated to whole-building energy...

  17. ROBERT WALKER DIED ON February 12, 2004, in Brussels, Belgium, after an extended battle with stomach cancer.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    where many students carried weapons. He worked through- out this time as a paperboy, then as a delivery to the Bronx High School of Science, he took the entrance test and was admitted, largely on the strength of his a nuclear emulsion experi- ment across from where Bob was worki

  18. JournalofApplied Phycology 5: 593-604, 1993. 1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers.Printed in Belgium. 593

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    , Israel, Czechoslovakia, Japan, Thailand and France. With the onset of the energy crisis, microalgae were 19 July 1993; revised 16 August 1993; accepted 17 August 1993 Key words:microalgae, culture systems, race-ways, photobioreactors, mass culture, algal biotechnology Abstract Microalgae are very efficient

  19. Brussels, Belgium, November 19-22, 2012 Application of an e-machine emulator for power converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paderborn, Universität

    synchronous motor (PMSM) is preferred by many automobile manu- factures due to its high efficiency and power

  20. Margins of Multinational Labor Substitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas; Becker, Sascha O.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Balkan countries, Belarus, Turkey, and Ukraine Developing countries including Russia and Central Asian economies as well as dominions of Western

  1. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .RUS. BULGARIA CZ.REP. SLO. SLOV. AUS. BOS. & GEORGIA ROMANIA UKRAINE BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ

  2. antigua and barbuda: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Antarctic Territory Steiner, Ullrich 3 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  3. amsterdam noord op: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  4. amsterdam puls stretcher: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  5. amsterdam wat levert: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  6. amsterdam cohort studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  7. Secretaries Chu and Clinton Praise Energy Cooperation Across...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for energy efficiency and conservation. Barbados is unlocking the potential of solar water heaters, and islands such as St. Kitts and Nevis and Dominica are developing their...

  8. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Latvia Australia N. Zealand Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2Belgium Brazil Canada Chile Croatia Cyprus Denmark EstoniaAustria Belgium Canada Croatia Cyprus Denmark Estonia Israel

  9. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belgium) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Belgium Coordinates...

  10. Contamination sources of PCDD/Fs, dioxin-like PCBs, PAHs and trace metals in sediments of high and low impacted transboundary rivers (Belgium-France).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    such as coal mining, electricity production, steel and non-ferrous metals' smelters, textile manufacturing, in some cases the contribution of long range pollutant transport should be taken into account. Direct but pollutants associated with contaminated soils alongside the river border can also accumulate in the same

  11. The GeDSeT project: constitution of a decision support tool (DST) for the management and material recovery of waterways sediments in Belgium and Northern France.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , and their level of contamination, - costs of dredging operations and benefits with respect to improved waterways quality, through pollution, and availability, through flooding. Sediment dredging allows the development include: - criteria evaluating the physical and chemical characteristics of the sediments to be dredged

  12. SEFI Conference, 16-20 September 2013, Leuven, Belgium Eco-design: what to teach in specialized/generic engineering education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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    programme or other accepted qualification. Belgium Diploma van Hoger overall Bosnia and Herzegovina Secondary School Leaving DiplomaMatura 4.5 overall Brazil The...

  17. aab galina zemtsovskaja: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    programme or other accepted qualification. Belgium Diploma van Hoger overall Bosnia and Herzegovina Secondary School Leaving DiplomaMatura 4.5 overall Brazil The...

  18. CONSORTIUM MEMBERS EU Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East Foundation, Belgium > University of Tuzla, Bosnia & Herzegovina > Roma Virtual Network, Israel > University

  19. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HSBC) Study: International Report from the 2009/2010 Survey Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic a Portugal Croatia Russian Federation SlovakiaIvana Pavic Simeton (Croatia), Nathalie Moreau (Belgium (Germany), Zuzana Veselská (Croatia) WHO REGIONAL OFFICE FOR

  20. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    November 2006). Belgium Croatia Czech Republic The EuropeanVlasta Hrabak-Zerjavic, Croatia; Charitini Komodiki, Cyprus;Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Cyprus,

  1. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  2. Targeted Energy Transfer between a Rotor and a Morse oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Copernic-B^at. Materia Nova 7000 Mons, Belgium bLaboratoire L´eon Brillouin (CEA-CNRS), CEA Saclay 91191

  3. AIDED DESIGN OF FINITE-STATE DIALOGUE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Olivier Pietquin Thierry Dutoit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    Polytechnique de Mons ­ TCTS Lab. Parc Initialis ­ Av. Copernic, 1 B-7000 Mons ­ Belgium E-mail : {pietquin

  4. BIMODAL COMBINATION OF SPEECH AND HANDWRITING FOR IMPROVED WORD RECOGNITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    ´ephane Dupont TCTS lab - FPMs & MULTITEL Avenue Copernic, B-7000, Mons, Belgium woodruff@tcts.fpms.ac.be, dupont

  5. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  6. A New Coarsening Operator for the Optimal Preconditioning of the Dual and Primal Domain Decomposition Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatiales Universit'e de Li`ege Rue Ernest Solvay, 21, B­4000 Li`ege, Belgium Abstract We present an optimal

  7. autolifting floating drilling: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Drilling Program (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden) the concept of deploying a mining- type diamond coring system (DCS)...

  8. ION ACCELERATORS AS DRIVERS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faltens, A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Brussels, Belgium,of the Heavy Ion Fusion Workshop held at Brookhaven NationalReport, Hearthfire Heavy Ion Fusion, October 1, 1979 - March

  9. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

  10. Life-Cycle Evaluation of Concrete Building Construction as a Strategy for Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadel, Alexander

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Portland Cement Concrete. P. C. A. [PCA]. Marceau, M.L. ,BIBM) (2009). Sustainable Benefits of Concrete Structures.Brussels, Belgium, European Concrete Platform ASBL ( Bureau

  11. Design and Control of Hydronic Radiant Cooling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jingjuan Dove

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    embedded heating and cooling systems. Brussels, Belgium,of radiant heating/cooling systems for non-residentalSimulations of floor cooling system capacity." Applied

  12. Journal of Biotechnology 164 (2012) 248253 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing., 2012), waste water treatment (Artechno SA, Gembloux, Belgium), and biodiesel production (Deng et al

  13. ant paraponera clavata: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  14. aguda grave antes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  15. ants kask jaanus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  16. ante situaciones anomalas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  17. aceros inoxidables ante: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  18. ante una pandemia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  19. ante desequilibrios nutricionales: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  20. ante las manifestaciones: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  1. ante distintas formas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  2. actitudes ante situaciones: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  3. ant wasmannia auropunctata: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  4. antes das minas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  5. ante las realidades: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  6. ante diferentes dosis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  7. ant anoplolepis gracilipes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  8. ants nurmekivi toomas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  9. ants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  10. arst ants erma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  11. ants tuulmets agu-tnis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  12. ante sacos foliculares: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  13. ants veski toomas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  14. ants jgiste juta: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  15. ant system algorithm: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  16. annika vaarmann ants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  17. ant eciton burchellii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  18. ants veski aadu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  19. association foundation ant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: For a Formal Foundation of the Ant Programming Approach to Combinatorial Optimization Part 1, Belgium mdorigo@ulb.ac.be Abstract This paper develops the formal framework...

  20. antes da historiografia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Libre de Bruxelles IRIDIA Brussels, Belgium Ant System, the first Ant Colony Optimization algorithm, showed to be a viable method for attacking Problem. To show that Ant...

  1. aid drilling decisions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PROSPECTUS Geosciences Websites Summary: is provided by the following agencies: Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada) Deutsche Drilling Program (Belgium, Denmark,...

  2. How to Fund an Unpaid CCE-administered programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hone, James

    Description: Worked on a project to extend social protection policies to Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru Parliament, Belgium Internship Description: Worked with the Industry, Research and Energy Committee

  3. Tommaso Vitale and Enrico Claps NOT ALWAYS THE SAME OLD STORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (and Romania goes down the scale of declared hostility to levels much more groups of people. Could you 1 Czech Republic Romania 51.5 Italy Czech Republic 3 Germany East Finland Austria Hungary 5 Hungary Greece Portugal 33.3 11 Romania Belgium 33.3 Spain Greece 13 Belgium Spain France 35.5 Austria 15

  4. Fig. 1. Example of sagittal view of a CT Scan image of the head and neck area.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    . Mancas is with the TCTS Lab of the Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, 1, Av. Copernic, 7000 Mons, Belgium is with the TCTS Lab of the Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, 1, Av. Copernic, 7000 Mons, Belgium (e-mail : gosselin

  5. Economic crises and political party disaffection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackland, Carol L

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND CORRELATIONAL PROCEDURES This analysis utilizes the following countries as a representative sample of Western Democratic nations: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden...: t t Environmental party (Sweden); Venstre (Norway); Venstre Socialistik, Socialistik Folkpartei, Ecologistes (Denmark); Ecologistes (Belgium); Democrates '66, Political Party Radikalen, Pacifistisch Socialist Party (The Netherlands); Die Grunen-The Green...

  6. www.newphytologist.org 451 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    , Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Gent, Belgium; 2, B-9052 Gent, Belgium Contents Summary 451 I. Introduction 452 II. Small interfering RNAs 453 III role in diverse and fundamental processes. In plants, small RNA-based mechanisms are involved in genome

  7. This article was downloaded by: [Virginia Tech Libraries] On: 06 February 2013, At: 05:36

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakha, Hesham A.

    This article was downloaded by: [Virginia Tech Libraries] On: 06 February 2013, At: 05:36 Publisher Leuven, Herverlee, Belgium b Center for Sustainable Mobility, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Herverlee, Belgium b Center for Sustainable Mobility, Virginia

  8. A review of the European particleboard market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spain Italy France Germany Source: E.P.F. Top 7 countries = 80% #12;Production Breakdown per CountryProduction Breakdown per Country 0 2 4 6 8 10 Germany France Italy Spain Belgium UK Austria 1999 2000 2001 2002 Capacity 0 2 4 6 8 10 Germany France Italy Spain Belgium UK Austria 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 (million m

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Biomarker discovery in asthma-related inflammation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liège, Université de

    GIGA-Management, Plateforme bioinformatique, University of Liège and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire and Development, University of Liège and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU-Liège), Belgium 2 Laboratory of Medical Chemistry, University of Liège and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU-Liège), Belgium 3

  10. Active ageing, development of skills and Long-life Learning at work1 Catherine Delgoulet* & Jean-Caude Marqui**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    situations. Measures that come within an ergonomics framework are proposed. Introduction The ageing: social, economic & ergonomics challenges for ageing people at work", 10-12th of october, Burges (Belgium of life: social, economic & ergonomics challenges for ageing people at work", Bruges : Belgium (2010)" #12

  11. R u t c o r R e p o r t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Office of Naval Research (Grant N0001492F1375), NSF (Grant DMS­9806389), INTAS and the Belarus Government classes J(ff; !), where J 2 fF; Ig and ff; ! 2 fc; 1g in the following way: 1) if J = F (respectively, J

  12. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  13. P-113 / X. Li P-113: Ferroelectric LC Aligned on SiO2 Thin Films Using the Ion Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong A. Khokhlov and E. Khokhlov Izovac Ltd, Belarus Abstract The uniform" (before electrical treatment) and "quazi- bookshelf" (after electrical treatment) were studied of investigation of the alignment of FLC materials on the SiO2 films produced by the ion-beam deposition for LC

  14. Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new nuclear disaster about to happen?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new June 2014 Accepted 20 August 2014 Available online xxxx Keywords: Chernobyl accident Forest fires Redistribution Radionuclides Risks Radioactive contamination in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia after the Chernobyl

  15. Ris-R-742(EN) EU-CIS Joint Study Project 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific Centre for Radiation Medicine Kiev, Ukraine Igor V. Rolevich Chernobyl State Committee Minsk conditions after the Chernobyl accident in the CIS republics Ukraine, Belarus and Russia have been evaluated site 24 3.3 Risks in the Bryansk region from the Chernobyl accident 26 3.4 Comparison of BARD

  16. Batching Work and Rework Processes with Limited Deterioration of Reworkables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdeburg, Universität

    of Sciences of Belarus, E-mail: kovalyovmy@bsu.by Abstract We study the problem of planning the production [8] note that such an integration leads to challenging planning and control problems. Quite often of new and recovering defective items of the same product manufactured on the same facility. Items

  17. Geometry and continuity of fine-grained reservoir sandstones deformed within an accretionary prism - Basal Unit, West Woodbourne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackman, Ingrid Maria

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    be difficult to distinguish reservoir from non-reservoir intervals in successions of thinly interbedded sandstones and shales using conventional well logs; (3) There is limited outcrop analogue data that could be used to estimate the geometry and lateral... the depositional geometry and continuity of deep-water reservoir sandstones within the Basal Unit of the Scotland Formation in Woodbourne Trough, beneath Barbados. Observations in the study area were combined with observations of local outcrops of the Scotland...

  18. Supplement 5, Authors: A To Q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dorothy B.; Doss, Mildred A.; Humphrey, Judith M.

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Bull. Development and Welfare West Indies.? Bulletin. Development and Welfare in the West Indies. Bridgetown, Barbados. Bull. Epizoot. Dis. Africa.?Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa. Interafrican Bureau of Epizootic Diseases. Commission... Forest Products Industry Publication. Duluth. Leaflet, Exten. Serv., Montana State Coll.? Leaflet, Extension Service, Montana State College. Bozeman. Leaflet West. Australia Dept. Agrie.?Leaflet. Western Australia Department of Agricul- ture. Perth...

  19. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  20. Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy...

  1. Does the market value R&D investment by European firms? Evidence from a panel of manufacturing firms in France, Germany, and Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Bronwyn H.; Oriani, R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Belgium, France, Germany and the UK: a comparison usingR&D and productivity in Germany and the United Kingdom. CEPcontrol: a study of France, Germany and the UK. Economic

  2. Rapid dynamic activation of a marine-based Arctic ice cap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMillan, Malcolm; Shepherd, Andrew; Gourmelen, Noel; Dehecq, Amaury; Leeson, Amber; Ridout, Andrew; Flament, Thomas; Hogg, Anna; Gilbert, Lin; Benham, Toby; van den Broeke, Michiel; Dowdeswell, Julian A.; Fettweis, Xavier; Noël, Brice; Strozzi, Tazio

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands, 7Department of Geography, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium, 8GAMMA Remote Sensing Research and Consulting AG, Gümligen, Switzerland Abstract We use satellite observations to document rapid...

  3. Sleep and Cortisol in Preschool-Aged Children with Autism and Typically Developing Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, Sharon Audrey

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    after administration of 5-HTP, a precursor to serotonin.age berghs, 22 CONT before 5-HTP years of no differences inHealthy teen Belgium (post- HTP volunteers available from

  4. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 725737, 2007 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/11/725/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 725­737, 2007 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/11/725/2007/ © Author´et´eorologique de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium Received: 21 February 2006 ­ Published in Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci

  5. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MN","MINNESOTA",2,260,"CANADA",3,0,0,,,,, 39478,"ALPAC MARKETING SERV ",1,130,"MOTOR GAS, CONVENTIONAL, OTHER",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,190,"BELGIUM",32,0,0,,,,,...

  6. Wind Power: How Much, How Soon, and At What Cost?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000. "The Potential of Wind Energy to Reduce Carbon Dioxide2008: arXiv:0804.1126v2. Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).2008. "Global Wind 2007 Report." Brussels, Belgium: Global

  7. CNR GRADUATION SURVEY RESULTS Spring, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes o Local 229 o New Belgium Brewing Company o Newmont Mining Company o Pason Systems 86 Productions 72% are employed or attending grad school vs. 76% Spring, 2004 #12;Range Ecology: No range

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 59455968, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5945/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    (ULB), Brussels, Belgium 3Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Rome, Italy 4UPMC Univ du Globe de Paris (IPGP), Paris, France *now at: Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Aut

  9. ali esat karakaya: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3; B. De Schutter and B-plus algebra," in Proceedings of the European Control Conference (ECC'97), Brussels, Belgium, July 1997. Paper.html 12; THE QR DECOMPOSITION AND THE...

  10. BLEEDING CANKER OF HORSE CHESTNUT QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and significance of horse chestnut? Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is a native of the Balkans region in other western European countries, including France and Belgium, but not yet confirmed as Pseudomonas

  11. Z .Physica C 332 2000 285288 www.elsevier.nlrlocaterphysc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshchalkov, Victor V.

    Also at: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Permanent Antwerpen, Belgium and Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

  12. Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    ´e Polytechnique de Mons, Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B-7000, Mons, Belgium B. Gosselin TCTS Labs., Facult´e Polytechnique de Mons, Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B

  13. Automatic Defect Segmentation of `Jonagold'1 Apples on Multi-Spectral Images: A2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    D. Unay 4 TCTS Lab., Facult´e Polytechnique de Mons,5 Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B-7000, Mons, Belgium9 Abstract10 In this work, several thresholding

  14. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 21, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Argentina, Brazil, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, France, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

  15. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 23, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Brazil, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, and United Kingdom.

  16. Curriculum Vitae Of Johannes (Jan) Zaanen. Professor of Theoretical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaanen, Jan

    Solvay Professor of Physics, Solvay Institute, Brussels, Belgium. 2013 Fellow of the Newton Centre of the American Physical Society. 2008 Fellow of the American Physical Society. 2012 Solvay Professor, Solvay

  17. Experimental monitoring of a solution-mining Cavern in Salt: Identifying and Analyzing Early-Warning Signals Prior to Collapse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Pirson, SOLVAY S.A. Bruxelles, Belgium Abstract Risk management of un derground cavities req uires a go with the Solvay mining company. This experiment consists in in-situ monitoring of a saline cavern in intensive use

  18. Prometheus unbound: quality of government and institutionalised grand corruption in public procurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fazekas, Mihály

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clean countries (Figure 3) (Piga, 2011). 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Greece Mexico Switzerland Italy Austria Portugal Denmark Belgium Hungary France Norway United States Spain Luxembourg Chile Poland Finland Slovenia Ireland Germany OECD34 Canada...

  19. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    star at the competition due to the Belgium team's innovative, ultra-efficient, passive home design. June 9, 2011 Kerstin Kleese-Van Dam 10 Questions for a Computational...

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - GNEP PARTNERS CANDIDATE PARTNERS AND OBSERVERS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Forum (GIF) 3. Euratom Attending Candidate Partner and Observer Countries 1. Argentina 2. Belgium 3. Brazil 4. Canada 5. Czech 6. Egypt 7. Finland 8. Germany 9. Italy 10....

  1. European Commission Agriculture and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European Commission Agriculture and Rural Development Good practice guidance on the sustainable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5. Sustainable mobilisation of wood: good practices Commission (EC) DG Agriculture and Rural Development 130, Rue de la Loi B ­ 1049 Brussels, Belgium Phone: +32

  2. Commissioning of Building HVAC Systems for Improved Energy Performance: A Summary of Annex 40 Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visier, J. C.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ( Japan, France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, Sweden, USA, Germany, Norway, Finland) took part as full members, observers participated from 4 other countries (The Netherlands, Korea, China, Hungary). The Annex is organized in 5 tasks according...

  3. Do financial investors destabilize the oil price?

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Germany; e-mail: marco.lombardi@ecb.europa.eu 3 Department of Financial Economics, Ghent University, Woodrow Wilsonplein 5D, B-9000 Gent, Belgium; e-mail: ine.vanrobays@ugent.be...

  4. REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kooser, J.C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    p. 297. Allan Rodgers, "Coking Coal Supply: Its Role in theChanges in the Supply of Coking Coal in Belgium since 1945,"Changes in the Supply of Coking Coal in Belgiumsince 1945,"

  5. AGROECOLOGIST WORK Department of Plant Sciences HOME 721 Barcelona Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    : Unifying Principles Sustainability and Agroecosystem Management Stable Isotopes in Ecology River Basin.D., Soil Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. Dissertation: 'Aggregate and Soil Leuven, Belgium. Major: Soil Science; Minor: Tropical Agriculture. Thesis: 'Soils and Land Use

  6. RIS-M-2408 Forsgsanlg RIS Juni 1984

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BARSEBACKVÃ?RKET MED ANDRF KERNFKRAFTWRKFR NfR STORRYFR OG LAMEfiRfNSER. ' INIS Descriptors BARSEBAECK-1 REACTOR 0418-6435 INIS Descriptors: BARSEBAECK-1 REACTOR, BAERSEBAECK2 REACTOR, BELGIUM, CANADA, COMPARATIVE

  7. INTERPRETING THE PAST Heritage, New Technologies and Local Develoment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frischer, Bernard

    INTERPRETING THE PAST Heritage, New Technologies and Local Develoment Flemish Heritage Institute and Heritage Presentation 2007 Brussels, Belgium Proceedings of the Conference on Authenticity, Intellectual Integrity and Sustainable Development of the Public Presentation of Archaeological and Historical Sites

  8. Capital Structure and Taxes: What Happens When You (Also) Subsidize Equity?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    on a battery of tests aimed at isolating the effect of other potential confounding variables. Overall), and Universidad Católica for comments. We thank the Central Bank of Belgium for providing us with data. All errors

  9. arabian society state: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Leuven, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium The low-frequency (LF) noise behavior The Electrochemical Society. DOI: 10.11492.011311jss All rights reserved. Manuscript submitted July 5, 2013...

  10. Smyrna's Ashes: Humanitarianism, Genocide, and the Birth of the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tusan, Michelle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3, 1925), 375. 65. E. N. Bennett, “Our Anatolian Policy andMrs. , 37, 38 Belgium, 116 Bennett, E. N. , 158 Bentinck, C.misfortune? ” 64 E. N. Bennett in the English Review sounded

  11. U.S. Department of the Interior May 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Switzerland). Nyrstar's zinc production facilities in Europe included the Auby smelter in France, the Balen/Overpelt smelter in Belgium, and the Budel smelter in the Netherlands. In 2012, the combined zinc production from

  12. Climate Models and Their Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randall, David A.

    . Pavlova (Russian Federationi), V. Petoukhov (Germany), T. Phillips (USA), S. Power (Australia), S. Wood (UK) Lead Authors: Sandrine Bony (France), Robert Colman (Australia), Thierry Fichefet (Belgium), John Fyfe (Canada), Vladimir Kattsov (Russian Federation), Andrew Pitman (Australia), Jagadish Shukla

  13. Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    December 2002 Leg 204 Preliminary Report Drilling Gas Hydrates on Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia Continental Research Institute of the University of Tokyo (Japan) National Science Foundation (United States) Natural (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden

  14. Prospects for Peace: Student Perceptions of Transitional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    ­ Independence from Belgium · 1973 ­ Military Coup by Juvenal Habyarimana · 1989 ­ Years of drought; agriculture chances Rwanda has." Is Gacaca effective? Are Rwandans reconciling? Can Hutu and Tutsi live peacefully

  15. Load Forecasting using Fixed-Size Least Squares Support Vector Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -SVM formulation, on the other hand, solves a linear sys- tem in dual space under a least-squares cost function [13 series comes from a local low voltage substation in Belgium and it contains 28,000 hourly values

  16. List of codes Language abbreviation codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal MT Malta GR Greece SE Sweden TR Turkey Country codes for the ERASMUS Institutional Identification codes A Austria IR L Ireland BG Bulgaria LV Latvia B Belgium IS Iceland CY Cyprus MT Malta D Germany L

  17. Jimmy Baert, Florentin Langouchea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    73 Jimmy Baert, Florentin Langouchea , Peter Van Puyveldeb Department of Chemical Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium e-mail: jimmy.baert@cit.kuleuven.be a Solvay Central

  18. THE TUM+TUT+KUL APPROACH TO THE 2ND CHIME CHALLENGE: MULTI-STREAM ASR EXPLOITING BLSTM NETWORKS AND SPARSE NMF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehnlenz, Kolja

    of Technology, Finland 3 Department ESAT, KU Leuven, Belgium 4 BMW Group, Munich, Germany geiger@tum.de ABSTRACT environments with interfering noise sources is typically addressed by a combination of front-end enhancement

  19. Lyapunov functions nonlinear spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafstein, Sigurður Freyr

    Lyapunov functions on nonlinear spaces R. Sepulchre -- University of Liege, Belgium Reykjavik - July 2013 Constructing Lyapunov functions: a personal journey · Lyap functions in linear spaces (1994: homogeneous spaces with flat, positive, and negative curvature) Lyapunov functions in linear spaces 3

  20. Steam Coal Import Costs - EIA

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Steam Coal Import Costs for Selected Countries U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton1 (Average Unit Value, CIF2) Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Belgium 46.96 39.34...

  1. Vol. , No. , 200x 1 Copyright 200x Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camci, Cengiz

    Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics in Belgium in 1985. He directed research in the Turbomachinery Aero actually be considered as a simple labyrinth seal configuration between the turbine casing and rotating

  2. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    goals. At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy Belgium Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Canada Chile China Czech Republic El Salvador France Georgia Germany Ghana

  3. Environment & Climate Change Law 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Mark

    Green Energy Policy in the Northeastern United States - Mark R. Sussman & Paul R. Michaud, Murtha Deringer LLP: Stephan Denk 44 8 Belgium Allen & Overy LLP: Gauthier van Thuyne & Fee Goossens 53 9 Bolivia

  4. International Symposium on Discrete Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University, China Ghent University, Belgium CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, ChinaInternational Symposium on Discrete Mathematics and Mathematical Biology August 26­27, 2013 Find Interdisciplinary Centre for Bioinformatics #12;

  5. Initiatives for proliferation prevention program : goals, projects, and opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemberger, P. H. (Philip H.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP) Program is to identify and create commercial opportunities for former weapons scientists currently or formerly involved with weapons of mass destruction in the Former Soviet Union (FSU). IPP was first authorized in Fiscal Year 1994 under Section 575 of Public Law 103-87. IPP currently sponsors 164 projects in Russian at 64 institutes; 16 projects in the Ukraine at 14 institutes; 14 projects in Kazakhstan at 10 institutes; and one project in Belarus. To date, the IPP program has engaged over 10,000 experts in the areas of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and missile development at more than 170 institutes in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus.

  6. The campaign of mud: a military-political analysis of the Third Battle of Ypres 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Stephen Mark

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Bri. tain, Prussia and Russia guaranteeing Belgium's security) plunged Britain into the war in 1914 with the aim of restoring Belgium as a sovereign and neutral State. &4 The deliverance of the Belgian people from the clutc2&es of a tyrannical... but also render great military advant- ages by resting the flank of the British armies on the Dutch border. Communications could then be shortened and the whole German position in France turned without an appreciable lengthening of the battle line...

  7. Nuclear Power: a Hedge against Uncertain Gas and Carbon Prices?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roques, Fabien A; Nuttall, William J; Newbery, David; de Neufville, Richard

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    conducted in Belgium (Ampere, 2000), the U.K. (RAE, 2004), Finland (Tarjanne and Rissanen, 2000), France (Dideme, 2003), and the USA (Deutch et al., 2003, and Tolley et al., 2004). The table shows wide differences in the results, arising mainly from... Belgium (Ampere) Finland (Tarjanne) France (DGEMP) UK (RAE) USA (Deutch et al., MIT) USA (Tolley et al., University of Chicago) Date 2000 2001 2003 2004 2003 2004 Nuclear CCGT Nuclear CCGT Nuclear CCGT Nuclear CCGT Nuclear CCGT...

  8. A review of "The Cossack Age, 1654-1657" by Mykhailo Hrushevsky, translated by Marta Daria Olynyk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Carol B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    attacked from west and south. Khmelnytsky, over this period of less than three years, attempted #23; rst to consolidate an alternative alliance with Sweden, then to undermine negotiations between Muscovy and the Polish-Lithuanian Common- wealth, and #23...; nally to create new alliances for Ukraine?with Sweden again, with Transylvania, and negotiations with the Ottoman Porte. At the same time, he tried to expand the Ukraine he controlled to include western Ukraine and parts of Belarus. #22; ree long...

  9. Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados: EnergySpain:

  10. Barnstable County, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:

  11. Barre Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:Barre Biomass

  12. Barron's Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:Barre

  13. Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:BarreBarrow

  14. Strain-Engineered Manufacturing of Freeform Carbon Nanotube Microstructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Volder, M.; Park, S.; Tawfick, S.; Hart, A. J.

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    4 0FS, UK 5 2 IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Katholieke 6 Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium 7 3Mechanosynthesis Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350... 1 Strain-Engineered Manufacturing of Freeform Carbon Nanotube 1 Microstructures 2 M. De Volder1,2,*,†, S. Park3,4,*, S. Tawfick3,4,5, A.J. Hart3,4,† 3 1 Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge, 17 Charles Babbage Rd, Cambridge, CB3...

  15. Director`s series on proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.C.; Price, M.E. [eds.

    1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Director`s Series on Proliferation is an occasional publication of essays on the topics of nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile proliferation. The seven papers presented in this issue cover the following topics: Should the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) be amended?; NPT extension - Legal and procedural issues; An Indonesian view of NPT review conference issues; The treaty of Tlatelolco and the NPT - Tools for peace and development; Perspectives on cut-off, weapons dismantlement, and security assurances; Belarus and NPT challenges; A perspective on the chemical weapons convention - Lessons learned from the preparatory commission.

  16. Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Selected Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 51115 6.15 6.08 6.28 6.83 6.96 6.75 3.06 5415 6.14 6.06...

  17. WETwin: a structured approach to evaluating wetland management options in data-poor contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    .P. Uyttendaelec a International Water Management Institute (IWMI);b University of Geneva, enviroSPACE Laboratory; c ANTEA Group, Belgium; d Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK);e Irstea, UMR G-eau; f and structured approach to evaluate wetland management interventions and integrate impact, feasibility

  18. Planar waveguide obtained by burying a Ge22As20Se58 fiber in As2S3 glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Planar waveguide obtained by burying a Ge22As20Se58 fiber in As2S3 glass Quentin Coulombier glasses. Two highly mature chalcogenide glasses are used for these experiments. GASIR glass from Umicore IR Glass, Olen, Belgium, with the composition of Ge22As20Se58 is used to draw fibers

  19. The climate change challenge and transitions for radical changes in the European steel industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    industry Paper presented at the 10 th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP) ­ Antwerp 5-7 October 2005, Belgium - (submitted for publication in Journal of Cleaner Production) DRAFT October 2 nd 2005 C.Rynikiewicz1 1 Lepii-EPE CNRS/Univ. Grenoble - Département Energie et Politiques de l

  20. Erasmus Mundus -Action 2, Strand 1, Lot 3-Israel: EDEN (Erasmus Mundus AcaDEmic Network)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    of organisation Country Coordinator Universitatea "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Romania Co-coordinator Interdisciplinary Associate 2 Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania ­ The Mosaic Cult Romania Associate 3 European Center for Jewish students Belgium Associate 4 Erasmus Student Network Iasi Romania The partnership

  1. Privacy-Preserving Smart Metering Alfredo Rial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    Privacy-Preserving Smart Metering Alfredo Rial K.U.Leuven, ESAT/COSIC & IBBT Leuven, Belgium General Terms Security Keywords Billing, Smart metering, Cryptographic Protocol, Verifiable Computing 1 of smart meter data for more accurate forecasting, Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part

  2. CEMENT/CLAY INTERACTIONS A REVIEW: EXPERIMENTS, NATURALANALOGUES, AND MODELING.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 CEMENT/CLAY INTERACTIONS ­ A REVIEW: EXPERIMENTS, NATURALANALOGUES, AND MODELING. Eric C. Gaucher that will be in contact with the clay material of the engineered barriers as well as with the geological formation. France, Switzerland and Belgium are studying the option of clayey geological formations. The clay and cement media

  3. arXiv:0811.1477v1[stat.AP]10Nov2008 The Annals of Applied Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in detail multidimensional scaling applied to a specific dataset: the 2005 United States House United States House of Represen- tatives roll call votes [Office of the Clerk--U.S. House ecological factors scored in the form of presence/absence in 10 km side squares in Belgium there was a strong

  4. Changes in the fatty acid composition of goat milk fat after a 48-hour fast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    milking was analysed. A total of 10 samples was taken from each goat and cooled. Milk samples 1-6 wereChanges in the fatty acid composition of goat milk fat after a 48-hour fast Anne-Marie MASSART, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Summary. Five lactating goats were milked twice daily. After a control period

  5. Models at Run-time for Sustaining User Interface Plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that is described in section 2. Section 4 opens the paper on a research agenda. 2. RUNNING EXAMPLE "Sedan-Bouillon" is a web site that aims at promoting tourism in the regions of Sedan and Bouillon in France and Belgium (http://www.bouillon-sedan.com/). Initially, the web site has been designed for PC screens only

  6. Pathological Changes Observed in European Amphibians with Ranaviral Diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    ., 2011) Denmark (Ariel et al., 2008) Belgium (Pasmans et al., 2008) (Balseiro et al., 2009; 2010) Croatia (Fijan et al., 1991) Croatia (Fijan et al., 1991) Mass mortalities in Europe Croatia: Since 1970 Smooth syndrome (ACUTE) o Tadpoles and juveniles - Spain o Adults, tadpoles and juveniles - England, Croatia

  7. Clustering Web Search Results Using Fuzzy Ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    Clustering Web Search Results Using Fuzzy Ants Steven Schockaert,* Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis and Uncertainty Modelling Research Unit, Krijgslaan 281 (S9), B-9000 Gent, Belgium Algorithms for clustering Web existing approaches and illustrates how our algorithm can be applied to the problem of Web search results

  8. This article was originally published in a journal published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    , reproduction and distribution, including without limitation commercial reprints, selling or licensing copies clay-size fractions at ODP site 646 (Labrador Sea) Nathalie Fagel a,, Claude Hillaire-Marcel b a URAP Clay and Paleoclimate, Geology Department, ULg, Liège B-4000, Belgium b GEOTOP, UQAM, Montréal, Canada

  9. 337978-1-4577-1597-6/12/$26.00 2012 IEEE Proceedings of the 2012 24th International Symposium on Power Semiconductor Devices and ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Wai Tung

    on Power Semiconductor Devices and ICs 3-7 June 2012 - Bruges, Belgium Fig.1 (a) Schematic cross-section of AlGaN/GaN HEMT with conventional field plate, where LFP is the field plate length. (b) with Novel Air-bridge bridge field plate distance, air bridge footprint width and gate­drain distance (drift region

  10. Input Data Reduction for the Prediction of Financial Time Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    , redundant or useless. Furthermore, it is well known that any regression method (in particular non-linear (Belgium), 25-27 April 2001, D-Facto public., ISBN 2-930307-01-3, pp. 237-244 #12;new non-linear one method or a non-linear one. In this paper, we will use Principal Component Analysis as a linear

  11. Genome Biology 2004, 6:302 commentreviewsreportsdepositedresearchinteractionsinformationrefereedresearch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    Genome Biology 2004, 6, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium. E-mail: Yves.vandepeer@psb.ugent.be Published: 21 December 2004 Genome at http://genomebiology.com/2004/6/1/302 © 2004 BioMed Central Ltd A report on the Plant Genomics European

  12. The impact of currency fluctuations on the interrelationships among stock markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maung, Thein Aye

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the dynamic interdependence structure of nine national equity markets of the U.S., Canada, U.K, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Japan and Hong Kong during the post-Bretton Woods era, i.e., January 1, 1973...

  13. Detailed Analysis of the Microbial Population in Malaysian Spontaneous Cocoa Pulp Fermentations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are the key players of this fermentationDetailed Analysis of the Microbial Population in Malaysian Spontaneous Cocoa Pulp Fermentations), Leuven, Belgium, 3 Barry Callebaut AG, Zurich, Switzerland Abstract The fermentation of cocoa pulp is one

  14. The Physical and Social Determinants of Mortality in the 3.11 Tsunami Daniel P. Aldrich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Germany, Italy, and Belgium) and forced the United States' Nuclear Regulatory Commission to rethink its 2 Estimates put the death rate from the earthquake at less than five pe of northeastern Japan. Instead, the mortality rate from the massive wave varied tremendously from zero to close

  15. Identification of energy consumption and nutritional stress by isotopic and elemental analysis of urine in bonobos (Pan paniscus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Belgium 4 Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 Canada 5 Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred-Kowalke-Str. 17, 10315 Berlin, Germany conducted on captive bonobos (Pan paniscus), we monitored urinary d13 C, d15 N, total C (carbon), total N

  16. Crisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes in the EU and its Member States 8th-9th March, 2012 University of Szeged, Hungary Fabian Zuleeg Chief Economist, European Policy Centre, Brussels, Belgium Professor Masahiko Yoshii Kobe University, EU Institute, Kobe, Japan Gabriele Cipriani Director, European

  17. Nanoscale Communica.on & Networks ! By means of communica.on, nanosystems will be able to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    -Pareta1 and Ian F. Akyildiz1,2 Prospects of Graphene-enabled Wireless Communica Laboratory, Georgia Tech Graphene 2012, Brussels, Belgium, April 10-13, 2012 Introduc the antenna size without dras.cally increasing its resonant frequency??? Graphene

  18. Supplement 21, Part 4, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Nematoda and Acanthocephala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Haneman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Brasil Aelurostrongylus abstrusus Labrique, Y.; and Gouffaux, ?., 1974 a, figs, epidemiology, diagnosis, pathology, review cat (poumon): Belgium Aelurostrongylus abstrusus Scott, D. W., 1975 a cat, levamisole hydrochloride, parameters of clinical... human infection, clinical trials studying vermifuge action of thiabendazole: India Ancylostoma Eisa, ?. ?.; et al., 1972 a relationship of parasitic infection to whole blood zinc and copper levels in Egyptian subjects, association with anemia...

  19. B. Vanlauwe et al.Decision support for organic resource management Original article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ), or by application of vast amounts of manures or other organic resources, e.g., sods of peat in northern Belgium [5B. Vanlauwe et al.Decision support for organic resource management Original article Organic resource management in sub-Saharan Africa: validation of a residue quality-driven decision support system

  20. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is experiencing a rapidly growing demand for commercially traded wood fuel for energy production. Forest biomass for the production of woody biomass-related energy. It includes a summary and synthesis of published literature of forest biomass to energy conversion facilities, including Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Canada

  1. Effect of beta-adrenergic agonists in animal production and their mode of action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Review Effect of beta-adrenergic agonists in animal production and their mode of action L.O. FIEMS-Gontrode (Belgium) Summary Beta-adrenergic agonists cause a shift in carcass composition of poultry, pigs, cattle and feed conversion in poultry and ruminants. In pigs, only feed conversion was positively affected. Beta

  2. A robust PCR method for high-dimensional regressors and Sabine Verboven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (NMR), Ultra-Violet spectrometry (UV), Energy dispersive X-Ray Flu- orescence spectrometry (EDA robust PCR method for high-dimensional regressors Mia Hubert and Sabine Verboven Revised version, Belgium, sabine.verboven@ua.ac.be. 1 #12;A robust PCR method for high-dimensional regressors SHORT TITLE

  3. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [August 18, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1987-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Australia, (2) China, (3) Canada, (4) Hong Kong, (5) Japan, (6) Yugoslavia, (7) Argentina, (8) Brazil, (9) Egypt, (10) India, (11) Pakistan, (12) Soviet Union, (13) Belgium, (14) Finland, (15) France, and (16) Turkey.

  4. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.40 2.30 2.43 2.41 2.41 2.11 2.56 42015 2.26 2.21 2.35 2.32 2.31...

  5. Countries Diesel Prices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 5.10 5.05 5.16 6.05 5.40 6.88 2.81 42015 4.82 4.93 5.05 5.90 5.25 6.73 2.78 41315 4.75 4.74 4.87...

  6. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.15 2.32 2.11 2.61 1.49 2.11 NA 42015 2.07 2.26 2.09 2.50 1.46 2.05 NA 41315 1.96 2.15 1.97 2.36...

  7. Countries Diesel Prices Excluding Taxes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.45 2.23 2.40 2.41 2.44 2.40 2.37 42015 2.24 2.15 2.33 2.33 2.34 2.33 2.33 41315 2.21 2.03 2.21...

  8. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.69 3.17 2.81 5.21 4.24 2.88 NA 42015 2.59 3.08 2.79 5.05 4.18 2.81 NA 41315 2.46 2.95 2.64 4.85...

  9. Study of phase transitions in piezoelectric polyvinylidene fluoride M. Latour and H. Abo Dorra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    groups : Solvay (Belgium), Kureha Chemical Ind. (Japan), Pennwalt Chemicals Co. (USA) and Rhône by suspension (Kureha, Solvay, Rhône-Poulenc) and the other by emulsion (Penn- walt). Generally [7 grade. Z .1 FILMS FROM SoLVAY. - The previous reference to this film, Solef XION, is now Solef 1010 FEF

  10. Iterative Feedback Tuning of PID parameters: comparison with classical tuning rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    a , Michel Gevers b,1 , Magnus Mossberg d , Emmanuel Bosmans a , Lionel Triest c aSolvay S.A., 39 rue Solvay, B-5190 Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Belgium E-mail: Olivier.Lequin@solvay.com bCentre for Systems Engineering

  11. NEWS & VIEWS nature physics | VOL 2 | FEBRUARY 2006 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 73

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    On the shoulders of giants In the early 1900s, the Solvay conferences famously brought together the early in Brussels, Belgium. This was the first conference sponsored by the chemist Ernst Solvay (who had made his relaxed format, with few formal lectures. Successive Solvay conferences have had the same structure

  12. arXiv:hep-th/0703137v114Mar2007 LPTENS-07/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    constraints in this setup is clarified. Solvay workshop "Bethe Ansatz: 75 Years Later" Brussels, Belgium-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence. http://pos.sissa.it/ hal-00717896,version1-13Jul2012 Author manuscript, published in "PoS Solvay

  13. Supplemental Papers for the 2nd International Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speidel, Ulrich

    on Unconventional Models of Computation, UMC'2K I. Antoniou Solvay Institutes, Brussels, Belgium C. S. Calude and M Science, the International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chem­ istry and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel Theoretical Physics Division was held at Solvay Institutes during December 13--16, 2000

  14. Geoinformatics 2004 Proc. 12th Int. Conf. on Geoinformatics -Geospatial Information Research: Bridging the Pacific and Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeds, University of

    OBJECTS ALONG A ROAD NETWORK Nico Van de Weghe1 , Anthony G. Cohn2 , Peter Bogaert1 and Philippe De Maeyer1 1 Ghent University - Department of Geography, B-9000 Gent (Belgium), {Nico.VandeWeghe, Peter.Bogaert.G. Cohn, P. Bogaert and P. De Maeyer 188 There are two types of moving objects (Moreira et al., 1999

  15. The Qualitative Trajectory Calculus on Networks Peter Bogaert1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeds, University of

    The Qualitative Trajectory Calculus on Networks Peter Bogaert1 , Nico Van de Weghe1 , Anthony G's), there #12;2 Peter Bogaert, Nico Van de Weghe, Anthony G. Cohn, Frank Witlox, Philippe De Maeyer are, 9000 Gent, Belgium {Peter.Bogaert, Nico.VandeWeghe, Frank.Witlox, Philippe.DeMaeyer}@UGent.be 2

  16. A WAVELET-BASED IMAGE DENOISING TECHNIQUE USING SPATIAL PRIORS Aleksandra PIZURICA 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pizurica, Aleksandra

    A WAVELET-BASED IMAGE DENOISING TECHNIQUE USING SPATIAL PRIORS Aleksandra PIZURICA 1 , Wilfried, Belgium ABSTRACT We propose a new wavelet-based method for image denoising that applies the Bayesian framework, using prior knowledge about the spatial clustering of the wavelet coefficients. Local spatial

  17. The plant embryo is a relatively simple structure consisting of a primordial shoot and root, whose development is frozen in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, J.A.H.

    and by environmental signals. Addresses *Aventis CropScience NV, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, B-9000, Gent, Belgium; e-mail: bart.denboer@aventis.com Institute of Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road in Biotechnology 2000, 11:138­145 0958-1669/00/$ -- see front matter © 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights

  18. EM Contributes Expertise to Comprehensive Resource on Managing Nuclear Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – EM officials wrote a chapter of a recently published book, Managing Nuclear Projects – A Comprehensive Management Resource, which covers a range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements and lessons learned. Authors from France, Germany, Argentina, Belgium, Finland, Austria, and the U.S. contributed to the book.

  19. You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates, Botswana, Belgium, Kenya, and South Africa. The participants are from multidisciplinary backgrounds. Key Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference (AYGS) University of Johannesburg

  20. A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

    1 A Taxonomy of C-systems ···· WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JOÃO MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

  1. A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

    15 A Taxonomy of C-systems · WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JOÃO MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

  2. Improving Robustness in P2PS and a Generic Belief Propagation Service for P2PKit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaventure, Olivier

    propagation service designed using P2PKit, showing an example of usage with the k-partition algorithm for loadImproving Robustness in P2PS and a Generic Belief Propagation Service for P2PKit Boris Mej´ias, Yves Jaradin, and Peter Van Roy Universit´e catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium firstname

  3. COUPLING LEAD ISOTOPE ANALYSIS AND PETROGRAPHY TO CHARACTERIZE FABRICS OF STORAGE AND TRADE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claeys, Philippe

    COUPLING LEAD ISOTOPE ANALYSIS AND PETROGRAPHY TO CHARACTERIZE FABRICS OF STORAGE AND TRADE Brussels, Belgium 6 Director of research at Hala Sultan Tekke, Area 8, Cyprus Lead isotopes, thin sections and com- pared to lead isotope results on the same samples. This study shows that a specific

  4. Comparing public policies in multilevel governance systems: tobacco control in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goerdel, Holly Thompson

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ???????.?... 57 Greece: Tobacco Control ?????????? 58 Italy: Tobacco Control ??????????? 60 Netherlands: Tobacco Control ???????? 62 Portugal: Tobacco Control ?????????. 64 Spain: Tobacco Control ??????????.. 65 Sweden: Tobacco... countries in the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. I add to this historical account empirical evidence in support of how...

  5. The Euro as More than a Currency: How Salient is the European Single Currency to Europeans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Laura J.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    , Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland 2003 Non-EMU includes Denmark, United Kingdom, Sweden 2008 EMU includes Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta..., Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Greece, Portugal 2008 Non-EMU includes Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Sweden, United Kingdom 2 European...

  6. e are in a global economy, and students must be prepared to live and work globally. Growing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    engineering, such as: · Using manure to produce bioenergy. · Treating agricultural wastewater with constructed and agricultural engineering (BAEN) at TAMU takes students to the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, in Belgium. Enrolling students from other biological and agricultural engineering programs from across the country adds

  7. Received 9 Sep 2013 | Accepted 26 Mar 2014 | Published 28 Apr 2014 Unusual ultra-low-frequency fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibado, Paul M.

    -low-frequency fluctuations in freestanding graphene P. Xu1, M. Neek-Amal2,3, S.D. Barber1, J.K. Schoelz1, M.L. Ackerman1, P Departement Fysica, Universiteit Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, Antwerpen B-2020, Belgium. 3 Department of Physics, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Lavizan, Tehran 16788, Iran. 4 Departement Physik

  8. Bootstrap for model selection: linear approximation of the optimism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    Bootstrap for model selection: linear approximation of the optimism G. Simon1 , A. Lendasse2 , M. Lemaître 4, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, lendasse@auto.ucl.ac.be Abstract. The bootstrap resampling, as artificial neural networks. Nevertheless, the use of the bootstrap implies a high computational load

  9. Fast Bootstrap for Least-square Support Vector Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    Fast Bootstrap for Least-square Support Vector Machines A. Lendasse1 , G. Simon2 , V. Wertz3 , M, CESAME, 4 av. G. Lemaître B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, wertz@auto.ucl.ac.be. Abstract. The Bootstrap of the Bootstrap implies a high computational load. In this paper we present a simple procedure to obtain a fast

  10. Two-phase flow infiltration equations accounting for air entrapment effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhi "Luke"

    Institute for Land and Water Management, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Donald R. Nielsen and Ampt, 1911; Kostia- kov, 1932; Powers, 1934; Christiansen 1944]. Philip [1957a, b, c, d] and Parlange and Ampt [1911]. Whisler and Bouwer [1970] previously compared several methods for calculating water

  11. Coking Coal Import Costs - EIA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Import Costs for Selected Countries U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton1 (Average Unit Value, CIF2) Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Belgium 48.67 46.59 49.25 78.98...

  12. OCEAN RTT.T.TN PRO-AM LEG 117 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the following agencies: Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada) Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Program (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and variations in solar radiation (Hahn and Manabe, 1975; Kutzbach, 1981; Kutzbach and Guetter, 1986; Prell

  13. 11/05/2007 16:29 1 Bayesian Belief Network Model for the Safety Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenton, Norman

    11/05/2007 16:29 1 Bayesian Belief Network Model for the Safety Assessment of Nuclear Computer assessment task for computer and software based nuclear systems important to safety. Our model is developed University P.-J. Courtois AV Nuclear Brussels, Belgium Abstract The formalism of Bayesian Belief Networks

  14. AGRO-ENERGY PRODUCTION AS A DRIVING FORCE IN THE SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION OF RURAL ENVIRONMENTS: A SIGNIFICANT CASE STUDY WITHIN THE ALTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 AGRO-ENERGY PRODUCTION AS A DRIVING FORCE IN THE SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION OF RURAL Intelligence, Liège 2011., Liège : Belgium (2011)" #12;2 Agro-energy production as a driving force in the socio the way to consider the relationship between energy production and consumption and the context in which

  15. By Errol D. Sehnke Germanium is a grayish-white, metallic the same as in 1993.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Domestic refinery production and 1994, Union Minière of Belgium sold its zin c consumption for germanium the new management, the Estimated domestic refinery production of Clarksville, TN, zinc refinery continued for fiscal year 1995. Production principally for military guidance and The USBM estimated domestic refinery

  16. November 27, 2007 Lecture, Centre for the Study of Women and Gender,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    : Colombia, Spain, Belgium, Turkey, the USA, Italy, Serbia, India, the Pacific region, Sierra Leone, Israel and Palestine, as well as the UK. During that time I listened to more than 250 women talking about more than 60 are the statistics totally definitive ­ it's not that 100% of soldiers are men, or 100% of rape victims are women. No

  17. PLUS Projector Contact Information CASA HELLMUND & CIA., S.A. (www.hellmund.com/)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    PLUS Projector Contact Information VENEZUELA CASA HELLMUND & CIA., S.A. (www Tecnologia Sistemas e Comercio Ltda. Rodovia Anhanguera SP330 - KM 296 Cravinhos-SP-Brazil - CEP:14140 Herentals Belgium tel: 014-84-9293 fax: 014-84-9291 jan@cnr.be BULGARIA Bulgarian Information & Office

  18. Issue 19 Spring Term 2001 The Newsletter of the Sussex European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    (environment to Sweden, agriculture to Belgium, regional policy and structural funds to Spain). It also gives of SEI and, judged by their predecessors, bring talent and energy and a keen appreciation chapters still open, including important ones such as structural funds and agriculture. This puts pressure

  19. Foreign Fishery Developments The Belgian Market for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 1978," and based on live weight equivalents of fish con- sumed. Actual per capita consumption would capita consumption' of fishery products in Belgium is esti- mated at about 18 kg, near the west European yearly per capita average of 19 kg, but higher than the 15 kg per person in the United States. According

  20. SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    · United States of America · Mexico · Brazil · Argentina · Netherlands · United Kingdom and Ireland States of America · Mexico · Brazil · Argentina · Netherlands · United Kingdom and Ireland · Belgium every year · Backed by more than 8,000 global patents World-class infrastructure and know-how · 13

  1. Bio-Rad Laboratories Q C D ATA M A N A G E M E N T S O L U T I O N S Westgard AdvisorTM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Carlos

    and automatically apply best QC rules with patented technology · Easy step-by-step automatic rule selection.S. 1-800-2BIO-RAD Australia 61-2-9914-2800 Austria 43-1-877-8901 Belgium 32-9-385-5511 Brazil 5521

  2. September 2005 DVR set-top box decoder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Geoffrey

    of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics Australia - Belgium - Brazil - Canada - China - Czech Republic - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong

  3. Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for Policymakers Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. 5-8 May 2011. #12;Final Plenary Special Report Renewable Energy Sources), Christoph von Stechow (Germany), Aviel Verbruggen (Belgium), Kevin Urama (Kenya/Nigeria), Ryan Wiser (USA

  4. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1036710385, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/10367/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of Toronto, Canada 3Laboratoire de l'Atmosph`ere et des Cyclones (LACy), Universit´e de La R´eunion, France 4LAGEO, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China *now at: the Laboratory State Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium Correspondence to: C. Vigouroux (corinne

  5. 8, 30273142, 2008 Validation of ACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), Karlsruhe, Germany 7 Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosph´erique, Universit´e des sciences et technologies de Lille Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU 8 Department of Radio and Space Science'A´eronomie Spatiale de Belgique (IASB- BIRA), Bruxelles, Belgium 10 Department of Physics & Atmospheric Science

  6. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 25692594, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/2569/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ´eans, France 8National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA 9Spectroscopie de l'atmosph, Brussels, Belgium 11Department of Physics & Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada 12Microwave Atmospheric Science Team, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA, USA 20Jet Propulsion Laboratory

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 43334351, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4333/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Spectroscopie de l'Atmosph´ere, Service de Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Universit´e Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium 3Centre for Atmospheric Science, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, UK 4Department of Geological Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological

  8. CURRICULUM VITAE MENAHEM SPIEGEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    and Center for Energy and the Environment, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA. 1986 Department, University of California, Los Angeles. AWARDS AND HONORS 1970-1974 Ford Foundation Fellow, The University of Chicago. 1980 Research Fellow, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. THESIS "Transaction Prices

  9. INTELLIGENT ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehenkel, Louis

    CPSPP'97 ­ IFAC/CIGRE SYMPOSIUM ON CONTROL OF POWER SYSTEMS AND POWER PLANTS TUTORIAL COURSE ON INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS AND THEIR POWER ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS AUTOMATIC LEARNING APPLICATIONS TO DSA Learning) THEN (class=stable) Automatic Louis WEHENKEL University of Liâ?? ege ­ Belgium Final version of the course notes

  10. An interview with Akira Hayami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayami, Akira

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wrote a letter to this person about my dilemma and said I would like to study in Belgium; I had bought a book in Lisbon written by a Belgian economic historian, Charles Verlinden, who taught at Ghent University; also the Dutch historian Huizinga had...

  11. Energy Efficient DSL via Heterogeneous Sleeping States: Optimization Structures and Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transitions is lower both in energy and time. The power consumption at L3 is zero but the switching cost for LEnergy Efficient DSL via Heterogeneous Sleeping States: Optimization Structures and Operation University, USA, 2 ESAT-SCD, KU Leuven, Belgium, 3 ASSIA, Inc., USA Abstract--Switching off a DSL line

  12. 1 Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden 2 Aalto University, Finland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachtold, Adrian

    1 Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden 2 Aalto University, Finland 3 Airbus, Spain 4 Aixtron, Spain 8 Avanzare, Spain 9 Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium 10 CEA French Alternative Energies of Technology, Germany 13 CIC energiGUNE, Spain 14 CIC NanoGUNE, Spain 15 CNR National Research Council, Italy

  13. COME TO STUDY ABROAD PEER ADVISING WALK IN HOURS!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Jana (Taiwan) Zach (Amsterdam) Danielle (Spain) Channah (Scotland) Alyssa (Spain) Emily W (Spain) Amanda (Spain) Dan (China) Rebecca (Italy) Courtney (England) Emily C (France) Julia (Spain) Mariella (England) Annie (England) Emily G (England) Riley (England) Sarah (Spain) Ashley (Belgium) Adam (England

  14. EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel-rules-won-t-r385258.htm 1 of 2 1/16/2008 12:32 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment © AP 2008-01-14 16:21:49 - BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - The European Union promised Monday that its new push to promote biofuels will try to prevent harming

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior December 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that of third quarter of 2012. Zinc production at Nyrstar plc's (Balen, Belgium) zinc smelter in Clarksville, TN by reduced production at Horsehead Holding Corp.'s (Pittsburgh, PA) Monaca, PA, zinc smelter. The company,500 r 67,900 579,000 Mine, recoverable zinc2 713,000 67,200 r 65,700 559,000 Smelter, refined zince, 3

  16. In-situ metal speciation in soils using synchrotron based techniques David McNear1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    ), nickel (Ni), and arsenic (As) in contaminated soils. CHANGING ZINC SPECIATION IN A REMEDIATED SMELTER become phytotoxic. In the topsoil around former Zn smelters and on sewage sludge sites, weight percent were obtained from a former zinc smelter (Belgium), where 135 ha of land were heavily contaminated

  17. Susceptibility and predictability of conditions for preferential flow Zhi Wang1 and Jan Feyen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhi "Luke"

    Institute for Land and Water Management, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Coen J. Ritsema DLO Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research, Wageningen, Netherlands Abstract unstable preferen- tial flow) in porous media affects the efficiency of oil recovery from a reservoir

  18. Learning, hubris and corporate serial acquisitions Nihat Aktas, Eric de Bodt,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    2007/68 Learning, hubris and corporate serial acquisitions Nihat Aktas, Eric de Bodt, and Richard Roll #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/68 Learning, hubris and corporate serial acquisitions Nihat AKTAS1 empirical hypotheses. 1 CORE & IAG, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium. E-mail: nihat

  19. CURRICULUM VITAE Zhi "Luke" WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhi "Luke"

    Irrigation Systems". Fully published in Irrigation and Drainage, 5(4): 15-26 1986. B. Eng. Project and Thesis Universiteit Leuven, Belgium 1985 M. Sc., Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Northwestern A & F University, former director of the Institute). Feb.1992-Jan.1993: Pre-doctoral Complementary Studies in Irrigation

  20. 18 July 1997 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 273 1997 199204

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Minh Tho

    18 July 1997 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 273 1997 199­204 qP ~ 2 z /On the geometry and inversion, Celestijnenlaan 200F, B-3001 Leu�en, Belgium Received 19 May 1997 Abstract qP Z Z .Geometries of PF , PF 1997 Elsevier Science B.V. 1. Introduction The inversion of tricoordinated compounds con- Z .taining

  1. Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe Dagmar Schrter,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gracia, Carlos

    , UK. 5 University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. 6 National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Madrid, Spain. 7. 17 Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. 18 Lund University, Lund, Sweden. 19 ecosystem models and scenarios of climate and land use greenhouse gas concentrations, climate factors

  2. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 146 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at two sites to determine its nature and whether free gas is present beneath it. At all drill site Program (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Iceland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden Science Foundation (United States) Natural Environment Research Council (United Kingdom) Ocean Research

  3. FEATURENEWS 6 5 4 | N A T U R E | V O L 4 9 1 | 2 9 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Natural gas Nuclear Renewables Energy use in million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe). KEY Design by JASIEK Croatia Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Ukraine Finland G reece Austria Romania Norway Czech Republic Sweden Belgium are burning unprecedented amounts of oil and gas, the estimates of how much is left continue to grow, thanks

  4. Meeting the Design Challenges of nano-CMOS Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asenov, A.; Millar, C.; Sinnott, R.O.

    Asenov,A. Millar,C. Sinnott,R.O. Roy,S. Zwolinski,M. Tyrell,A. Murray,A. Furber,S. Pickles,S. Stewart,G. Cumming,D. Berry,D. Third International Nanotechnology Conference on Communication and Cooperation, Brussels, Belgium, April 2007.

  5. QUARTIER DE L'INNOVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    , but largely unknown to the public Facing sizeable urban planning challenges Comprising three of Montreal of the QI's NPO October 2013 First QI Board Meeting November 2013 Montreal Summit on Innovation on Smart Grids (Nov. 7) Implementation of key projects Montreal Summit on Innovation In Liege (Belgium

  6. Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid Fred Roberts Rutgers University #12;2 Algorithmic Conference on ADT ­ probably Belgium in Fall 2013. #12;9 ADT and Smart Grid ·Many of the following ideas and planning dating at least to World War II. ·But: algorithms to speed up and improve real-time decision

  7. HVDC Control Strategies to Improve Transient Stability in Interconnected Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    HVDC Control Strategies to Improve Transient Stability in Interconnected Power Systems J. Hazra Dpt of Li`ege, Belgium, dernst@ulg.ac.be Abstract--This paper presents three HVDC modulation strate- gies flow settings through the HVDC-links. The proposed techniques are tested on the IEEE 24-Bus reliability

  8. Terminals and Ports Jan C. Willems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terminals and Ports Jan C. Willems ESAT, K.U. Leuven, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium Email: Jan. An electrical circuit is a device that interacts with its environment through wires, called terminals. On each terminal, there are two interaction variables, a potential and a current. Interconnection of circuits

  9. From mini-clouds to Cloud Computing Boris Mejias, Peter Van Roy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaventure, Olivier

    From mini-clouds to Cloud Computing Boris Mej´ias, Peter Van Roy Universit´e catholique de Louvain ­ Belgium {boris.mejias|peter.vanroy}@uclouvain.be Abstract Cloud computing has many definitions with different views within industry and academia, but everybody agrees on that cloud computing is the way

  10. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 562 (2006) 733736 Light charged particle and intermediate mass fragment cross-sections in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Katowice, Poland c Institute of Nuclear Physics, INP-PAN Krakow, Poland d Univ.de Liege, Belgium e Jagellonian Univ.Krakow, Poland f Univ.Bonn, Germany Available online 3 March 2006 Abstract materials by proton beams up to 2.5 GeV incident kinetic energy. In the framework of Spallation Neutron

  11. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Worldwide lithium resource exploration (led predominantly by Australian and Canadian startup companies of Energy, 2011). Recycling Lithium battery recycling projects were under development in the Belgium of 2009 (ARRA Public Law III­5), the DOE awarded $9.5 million to California-based battery recycler Toxco

  12. Belgirate, Italy, 28-30 September 2005 THERMAL MODELLING OF MULTI-FINGER ALGAN/GAN HEMT's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Belgium contact author: herman.oprins@imec.be ABSTRACT AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs validation of the modelling, both structures are thermally optimized. 1. INTRODUCTION As GaN devices operate of delivering about 0.75W/mm. The rapid increase in power density since the beginning of the development of GaN

  13. The Economics Behind Eurex European Financial Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    , Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands.7% 3.0% 3.7% 6.7% 11.9% 17.0% 21.2% 26.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Malta Cyprus Slovenia Luxembourg

  14. Photonics West Micromachinig and Microfabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    Components and Sensor Systems, 3001 Leuven, Belgium b) Research Center Jülich, Institute of Photovoltaic Conference on MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems III (mf05) THIN FILM TECHNOLOGY BASED MICRO-FOURIER SPECTROMETER of size, cost and performance. Consequently, several interferometers and spectrometer concepts have been

  15. Network of Centers for Very Small Entities (VSEs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Québec, Université du

    · Publications ­ Implementation Guide ­ ISO 29110 x CMMI x MPS.BR ­ ISO 29110 x 9001 · Certification ­ FinancialNetwork of Centers for Very Small Entities (VSEs) Montréal, Canada November 30th, 2013 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7- Working Group 24 #12;Belgium 2 http://survey.cetic.be/iso29110/english http://survey.cetic.be/iso

  16. Mystery Monday Each Monday, this LiveScience series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenseleers, Tom

    . Bumblebee queens eat their offspring's eggs, and honeybee workers make meals of their siblings' eggs of Leuven, Belgium. "In the honeybee, the workers eat other workers' eggs because they are collectively more the honeybee, most workers are half-sisters, and more related to their brothers (sons of the queen) than

  17. PreprintKULTF98/53 Goldstone Boson Normal Coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leuven, Belgium Abstract For the phenomenon of Bose­Einstein condensation we construct the canonical pair consider the imperfect Bose gas as well as the weakly interacting Bose gas. We prove that a canonical pair. The analysis of SSB goes back to the Goldstone Theorem [1], which has been the subject of much analysis

  18. Open Source Data Mining: Workshop Report Bart Goethals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Source Data Mining: Workshop Report Bart Goethals University of Antwerp Antwerp, Belgium bart tremendous progress has been made in data mining methods like clustering, classification, fre- quent pattern advances in the field. With this workshop we intended to promote open source data mining (OSDM) by creating

  19. Modeling the dynamics of human hair cycles by a follicular automaton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldbeter, Albert

    Modeling the dynamics of human hair cycles by a follicular automaton J. Halloy*, B. A. Bernard , G University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium, May 15, 2000 (received for review December 23, 1999) The hair correspond, respectively, to hair growth, arrest, shedding, and absence before a new anagen phase

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Short-term effect of tillage intensity on N2O and CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Short-term effect of tillage intensity on N2O and CO2 emissions Pascal Boeckx negative to positive. We studied the short-term effect of tillage intensity on N2O and CO2 emissions. We site, an intermediately aerated Luvisol in Belgium, were similar. Nitrous oxide and CO2 emissions were

  1. The Bioperl Toolkit: Perl Modules for the Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to bioperl-l@bioperl.org.] Computational analysis is an integral part of modern biologi- cal researchN OW9 Canada; 3 AlgoNomics, B 9052 Gent, Belgium; 4 Department of Plant and Molecular Biology, USA; 6 Open Bioinformatics Foundation, Somerville, Massachusetts 02144, USA; 7 Integrated Functional

  2. United States-assisted studies on dose reconstruction in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anspaugh, L.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bouville, A. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the Chernobyl accident, the US and the USSR entered into an agreement to work on the safety of civilian nuclear reactors; one aspect of that work was to study the environmental transport and health effects of radionuclides released by the accident. After the break-up of the USSR separate agreements were established between the US and Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia to continue work on dose reconstruction and epidemiologic studies of health effects from exposure to external radiation and the incorporation of radionuclides. Studies in Belarus and Ukraine related to the Chernobyl accident now emphasize epidemiologic: studies of childhood-thyroid cancer and leukemia, and eye-lens-cataract formation in liquidators. Supporting studies on dose reconstruction emphasize a variety of ecological, physical, and biological techniques. Studies being conducted in Russia currently emphasize health effects in the workers and the population around the Mayak Industrial Association. As this production complex is an analogue of the US Hanford Works, advantage is being taken of the US experience in conducting a similar, recently completed dose-reconstruction study. In all cases the primary work on dose reconstruction is being performed by scientists from the former Soviet Union. US assistance is in the form of expert consultation and participation, exchange visits, provision of supplies and equipment, and other forms of local assistance.

  3. YALINA facility a sub-critical Accelerator- Driven System (ADS) for nuclear energy research facility description and an overview of the research program (1997-2008).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gohar, Y.; Smith, D. L.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The YALINA facility is a zero-power, sub-critical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was conceived, constructed, and put into operation at the Radiation Physics and Chemistry Problems Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus located in Minsk-Sosny, Belarus. This facility was conceived for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven sub-critical systems, and to serve as a neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinide nuclei. This report provides a detailed description of this facility and documents the progress of research carried out there during a period of approximately a decade since the facility was conceived and built until the end of 2008. During its history of development and operation to date (1997-2008), the YALINA facility has hosted several foreign groups that worked with the resident staff as collaborators. The participation of Argonne National Laboratory in the YALINA research programs commenced in 2005. For obvious reasons, special emphasis is placed in this report on the work at YALINA facility that has involved Argonne's participation. Attention is given here to the experimental program at YALINA facility as well as to analytical investigations aimed at validating codes and computational procedures and at providing a better understanding of the physics and operational behavior of the YALINA facility in particular, and ADS systems in general, during the period 1997-2008.

  4. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  5. TEWS'98. Final report [5th annual International Science Camp: The Earth We Share 1998, Golden, CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mae C. Jemison

    1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The fifth annual International Science Camp The Earth We Share 1998 (TEWS'98) was held at the Colorado School of Mines located in Goldez Colorado. TEWS98 was a four week residential program which focused on providing a meaningful science education experience while developing critical thinking skills. Thirty three students, three teachers, four college interns and the camp administrator lived and worked together while developing solutions to several worldwide problems. These problems are called the Discovery Topics and they are: (1) design the worlds perfect house; (2) how many people can the world hold; and (3) predict the hot stocks for the year 2030. The participants, both students and staff came from different countries all over the world The following countries were represented: The United Kingdom, Sierra Leone (West Africa), Ireland, USA Nigeria, West Indies and Barbados.

  6. Investigation of the $^{37}Ar(n,p)$ $^{37}Cl$ and $^{37}Ar(n,\\alpha)$ $^{34}S$ reactions as a function of the neutron energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagemans, C; Wagemans, J; Bieber, R; Loiselet, M; Gaelens, M; Denecke, B; Geltenbort, P; Kolen, F; Wagemans, Cyriel; Goeminne, Gert; Wagemans, Jan; Bieber, Ronald; Loiselet, Marc; Gaelens, Michel; Denecke, Bruno; Geltenbort, Peter; Kolen, Filip

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy dependent 37Ar(n,p)37Cl and 37Ar(n,alpha)34S reaction cross sections were determined for the first time in an experimental effort involving three large facilities: the cyclotron of the UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium) where implanted 37Ar samples were produced; the high flux reactor of the ILL (Grenoble, France) where thermal (n,p), (n,alpha_0) and (n,alpha_1) cross sections of (37+/-4)b, (1070+/-80)b and (290+/-50)mb respectively could be determined, and the GELINA neutron time-of-flight facility of the IRMM (Geel, Belgium) where strong resonances were observed in the keV region.

  7. Investigation of the 37Ar(n,p)37Cl and 37Ar(n,alpha)34S reactions as a function of the neutron energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cyriel Wagemans; Gert Goeminne; Jan Wagemans; Ronald Bieber; Marc Loiselet; Michel Gaelens; Bruno Denecke; Peter Geltenbort; Filip Kolen

    1999-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy dependent 37Ar(n,p)37Cl and 37Ar(n,alpha)34S reaction cross sections were determined for the first time in an experimental effort involving three large facilities: the cyclotron of the UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium) where implanted 37Ar samples were produced; the high flux reactor of the ILL (Grenoble, France) where thermal (n,p), (n,alpha_0) and (n,alpha_1) cross sections of (37+/-4)b, (1070+/-80)b and (290+/-50)mb respectively could be determined, and the GELINA neutron time-of-flight facility of the IRMM (Geel, Belgium) where strong resonances were observed in the keV region.

  8. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  9. Weapons dismantlement issues in independent Ukraine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zack, N.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kirk, E.J. [American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Association for the Advancement of Science sponsored a seminar during September 1993, in Kiev, Ukraine, entitled ``Toward a Nuclear Free Future -- Barriers and Problems.`` It brought together Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Americans to discuss the legal, political, safeguards and security, economic, and technical dimensions of nuclear weapons dismantlement and destruction. US representatives initiated discussions on legal and treaty requirements and constraints, safeguards and security issues surrounding dismantlement, storage and disposition of nuclear materials, warhead transportation, and economic considerations. Ukrainians gave presentations on arguments for and against the Ukraine keeping nuclear weapons, Ukrainian Parliament non-approval of START I, alternative strategies for dismantling silos and launchers, and economic and security implications of nuclear weapons removal from the Ukraine. Participants from Belarus discussed proliferation and control regime issues, This paper will highlight and detail the issues, concerns, and possible impacts of the Ukraine`s dismantlement of its nuclear weapons.

  10. Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 12, 24 March 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrestha, Kashish Das

    , business and community based organizations from Virginia, Maryland and Washington D.C., organized a demonstration outside the U.S. Capitol in Washington D.C. to protest anti- immigration legislation. LawDiaspora Rallies in Belgium, Paris, Tokyo Nepali... rebel group. In Quotes New York Bureau Editor: Kashish Das Shrestha; Correspondents and/ or Regional Representatives; Bhaskar Rai (MN), Eta Shrestha (MN) Neeha Shrestha (NC), Piush (MN), Sahara Shrestha (NYC), Sakar Bhushal (TX), Santosh Basnet (CA...

  11. Summary report of first and foreign high-level waste repository concepts; Technical report, working draft 001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanke, P.M.

    1987-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Reference repository concepts designs adopted by domestic and foreign waste disposal programs are reviewed. Designs fall into three basic categories: deep borehole from the surface; disposal in boreholes drilled from underground excavations; and disposal in horizontal tunnels or drifts. The repository concepts developed in Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Denmark, West Germany and the United States are described. 140 refs., 315 figs., 19 tabs.

  12. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    ://www.ugent.be BELGIUM Université Catholique de Louvain 26.09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA

  13. A review of "A Companion to Juan Luis Vives" by Charles Fantazzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Elizabeth R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Armas Wilson, and Isabel Lozano Renieblas when seeking to understand The Labors of Persiles and Sigismunda. Charles Fantazzi. A Companion to Juan Luis Vives. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008. viii + 430 pp. $185.00. Review by elizabeth r. wright..., university of georgia. This volume offers detailed analysis and rigorous contextual- ization of the diverse writings of Juan Luis Vives (Valencia, Spain 1492/93?Bruges, Belgium, 1540). In the course of some sixty differ- ent publications, this Valencian...

  14. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    , Gaza Strip, Gibraltar, Marshall Islands, Saint Helena, and Swaziland to 35,392 names in Russia. The median value for countries with at least one toponymic homonym was 474.50. The geographical distribution of this pattern shows three areas... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

  15. European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures ESFRI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, David

    -Rudolph ESFRI Chair #12;EnviRonmEntal SciEncES COPaL > 30 EISCat_3D > 31 EMSO > 32 EPOS > 33 EUrO-arGO > 34 Ia is acknowledged. Printedin Belgium Printed on elemental chlorine-free bleached paper (ECF) #12;StrategyReport on the Grand Challenges ­ including the tightening supply of energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and an ageing

  16. GE Healthcare Product Guide 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    GE Healthcare BioProcess Product Guide 2007 #12;How to contact us Europe www.gehealthcare.com/bioprocess or by phone (T), fax (F), and Email Austria T: +43 1 57 606 1613 F: +43 1 57 606 1614 Email: cust.orderde@ge.com Belgium T: 0800 73890 F: 02 416 8206 Email: order.bnl@ge.com Central and East Europe (Austria) T: +43 1

  17. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    coverage.[2] Typically, when Americans speak of a place in a foreign country, they use the name followed by the country, with no additional hierarchy or feature type information. We say Stockholm, Sweden; not Stockholm, Stockholms L?n, Sweden... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

  18. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 90, 064101 (2014) Membrane amplitude and triaxial stress in twisted bilayer graphene deciphered using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibado, Paul M.

    . Neek-Amal,1,2 P. Xu,3,4 D. Qi,5 P. M. Thibado,5 L. O. Nyakiti,6 V. D. Wheeler,7 R. L. Myers-Ward,7 C. R University, Lavizan, Tehran 16785-136, Iran 2 Department of Physics, University of Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, Belgium 3 Laboratory for Physical Sciences, College Park, MD 20740, USA 4

  19. International fuel cycle and waste management technology exchange activities sponsored by the United States Department of Energy: FY 1982 evaluation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lakey, L.T.; Harmon, K.M.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In FY 1982, DOE and DOE contractor personnel attended 40 international symposia and conferences on fuel reprocessing and waste management subjects. The treatment of high-level waste was the topic most often covered in the visits, with geologic disposal and general waste management also being covered in numerous visits. Topics discussed less frequently inlcude TRU/LLW treatment, airborne waste treatment, D and D, spent fuel handling, and transportation. The benefits accuring to the US from technology exchange activities with other countries are both tangible, e.g., design of equipment, and intangible, e.g., improved foreign relations. New concepts initiated in other countries, particularly those with sizable nuclear programs, are beginning to appear in US efforts in growing numbers. The spent fuel dry storage concept originating in the FRG is being considered at numerous sites. Similarly, the German handling and draining concepts for the joule-heated ceramic melter used to vitrify wastes are being incorporated in US designs. Other foreigh technologies applicable in the US include the slagging incinerator (Belgium), the SYNROC waste form (Australia), the decontamination experience gained in decommissioning the Eurochemic reprocessing plant (Belgium), the engineered surface storage of low- and intermediate-level waste (Belgium, FRG, France), the air-cooled storage of vitrified high-level waste (France, UK), waste packaging (Canada, FRG, Sweden), disposal in salt (FRG), disposal in granite (Canada, Sweden), and sea dumping (UK, Belgium, The Netherlands, Switzerland). These technologies did not necessarily originated or have been tried in the US but for various reasons are now being applied and extended in other countries. This growing nuclear technological base in other countires reduces the number of technology avenues the US need follow to develop a solid nuclear power program.

  20. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  1. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  2. U.S. Department of the Interior June 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that in the same period of 2012. Nyrstar NV's (Balen, Belgium) Clarksville, TN, zinc smelter operated at less than Monaca, PA, zinc smelter operated at full capacity during the quarter; however, zinc production of concentrate2 738,000 56,400 r 57,300 180,000 Mine, recoverable zinc2 713,000 54,500 r 55,500 174,000 Smelter

  3. Factors Affecting the Feasibility of a Warsaw Pact Invasion of Western Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Corbin

    2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of Honors Programs at Texas A&M University and the Melbern G. Glassock Center for Humanities Research both provided funding that made the procurement of several key books and articles possible. My advisor, Dr. Donald Curtis, supported me throughout... adopted the Long Range Defense Program, a series of improvements in NATO’s conventional and nuclear forces. 21 In 1985 NATO introduced the Conventional Defense Improvement (CDI) Program. 22 For example Belgium increased its defense spending 55...

  4. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP/98128

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP/98­128 3 August 1998 LEADING-ORDER QCD ANALYSIS°as, J. Panman, A. Rozanov3) , K. Winter4) , G. Zacek5) and V. Zacek6) CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. F.W. B numbers 05-5HH22P and 05-5MU12P. 9) Inter-University Institute for Nuclear Science, Belgium. 10) Now

  5. Study of the hydration of CaO powder by gas-solid reaction 1 , Favergeon.L1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    « Study of the hydration of CaO powder by gas-solid reaction »1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15'industrie, B-1400 Nivelles, Belgium Abstract: Hydration of CaO powders by reaction with water vapor has been of the morphological properties on the mechanism of growth of Ca(OH)2. Keywords: A kinetics; A hydration; B

  6. A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulstrom, R.L.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

  7. Proceedings: 2002 EPRI International Low Level Waste Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear utilities are continually evaluating methods to improve operations and minimize cost. EPRI's 11th annual International Low Level Waste (LLW) Conference--coupled with the 25th annual Radwaste Workshop cosponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and EPRI--offered valuable insights into this effort. Industry representatives presented papers covering new or improved technology developed worldwide for LLW management, processing, shipment, disposal, and regulation. This year, in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), foreign participation increased, with papers from Canada, Korea, Germany, Finland, Ukraine, Belgium, the Slovak Republic, and the United Kingdom expanding the conference scope.

  8. Developments advance subsea pipelaying, inspection, repair

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in laying, inspecting, and repairing pipelines are helping to cut both costs and time. A new dredging system that employs jets to clear a subsea trench for pipelay received trials off Belgium last spring. Also, within the last year, projects in the Middle East and North Sea employed technologies that promise to make inspecting the surface of a subsea pipeline in difficult terrain easier, less time consuming, and therefore less costly. Plus, subsea repair of damaged pipelines may take less time with a new ``stabbable`` pipe connector. The paper describes jet dredging, inspection advance, support software, the North Sea site, and pipeline repair.

  9. Pilot-scale manufacture and marketing of Quarg cheese: implications for future U.S. market potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battaglia, Ann Christine

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Germany, Switzerland and Belgium, consists of a round or rectangular white plastic container with a resealable snap-on lid (7, 8, 14). The soft, higher moisture Quarg may be packaged ln form-sealed pouches or ln sausage-like plastic tubes while... STARTER INOCULAT ION A IDIFIED MILK IDIFICAT ION PAS T EUR- I ZAT ION HEAT ING PERMEATE UF PERMEATE RETENTATE RETENTATE COOLING COOLING STARTER ACIDIF I CAT I RENNET STIR/M I X MI X ING COOLING PACKING PACKING 13 the retentate be ad...

  10. EFOM 12 C case studies: candidate technologies to relieve the European energy system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daffe, A.; Guilmot, J.F.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of new technologies on the energy system of Belgium is assessed with the aid of the linear programming model (EFOM). Background descriptions are given-of the scenario for relative price variations between different energy forms, of the energy demand hypotheses, and of the new technologies studied. The detailed results of the reference case, i.e. minimal total energy cost, the effect of progressive reductions in imported energy cost, and the effect of a nuclear moratorium are analysed and conclusions drawn. The advantages of new technologies based on coal, nuclear, and solar energies are compared. The importance of energy conservation measures and the significant potential of nuclear power are emphasized.

  11. Precise neutron inelastic cross section measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negret, Alexandru [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Reactorului 30, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of a new generation of nuclear reactors requires the development of a very precise neutron cross section database. Ongoing experiments performed at dedicated facilities aim to the measurement of such cross sections with an unprecedented uncertainty of the order of 5% or even smaller. We give an overview of such a facility: the Gamma Array for Inelastic Neutron Scattering (GAINS) installed at the GELINA neutron source of IRMM, Belgium. Some of the most challenging difficulties of the experimental approach are emphasized and recent results are shown.

  12. Progress achieved in HLW vitrification techniques at INE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grunewald, W.; Roth, G.; Tobie, W.; Weisenburger, S. [Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Nucleare Entsorgungstechnik

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The progress in the liquid-fed ceramic waste glass melter process for high level waste vitrification is described. The technique has been used in the PAMELA plant in Mol/Belgium from 1985 to 1991. Currently three programs are underway at INE (Institut fuer Nukleare Entsorgungstechnik): a technology program for optimizing the process for noble metals containing high level waste (HLW), a vitrification technology transfer project with China, and a research project on noble metals behavior in an engineering scale melter which is funded by the US Department of Energy with oversight by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, WA. The status of the programs and results available are described.

  13. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and the USSR. Volume 3. 1990 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 29 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Denmark/Greenland, Spain, Portugal, Luxembourg, The United Kingdom, and Ireland); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Austria, and Switzerland); Malta; the 8 Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe (the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria); and the USSR.

  14. Panel Unit Root Tests in the Presence of a Multifactor Error Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pesaran, M Hashem; Smith, L Vanessa; Yamagata, Takashi

    Analysis and Policy (CFAP), University of Cambridge cUniversity of York December 2007 Abstract This paper extends the cross sectionally augmented panel unit root test proposed by Pesaran (2007) to the case of a multifactor error structure. The basic idea... = eit#0; pit is the real exchange rate, eqit is the real equity price index, gdpit is real output, rLit is the quarterly long-term interest rate and poilt is the nominal oil price.5 The 32 countries considered are: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium...

  15. Pulse superimposition calculational methodology for estimating the subcritcality level of nuclear fuel assemblies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y.; Rabiti, C.; Aliberti, G.; Kondev, F.; Smith, D.; Zhong, Z.; Kiyavitskaya, H.; Bournos, V; Fokov, Y.; Routkovskaya, C.; Serafimovich, I. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (INL); (Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research-Sosny)

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most reliable experimental methods for measuring the subcriticality level of a nuclear fuel assembly is the Sjoestrand method applied to the reaction rate generated from a pulsed neutron source. This study developed a new analytical methodology simulating the Sjoestrand method, which allows comparing the experimental and analytical reaction rates and the obtained subcriticality levels. In this methodology, the reaction rate is calculated due to a single neutron pulse using MCNP/MCNPX computer code or any other neutron transport code that explicitly simulates the delayed fission neutrons. The calculation simulates a single neutron pulse over a long time period until the delayed neutron contribution to the reaction rate is vanished. The obtained reaction rate is then superimposed to itself, with respect to the time, to simulate the repeated pulse operation until the asymptotic level of the reaction rate, set by the delayed neutrons, is achieved. The superimposition of the pulse to itself was calculated by a simple C computer program. A parallel version of the C program is used due to the large amount of data being processed, e.g. by the Message Passing Interface (MPI). The analytical results of this new calculation methodology have shown an excellent agreement with the experimental data available from the YALINA-Booster facility of Belarus. This methodology can be used to calculate Bell and Glasstone spatial correction factor.

  16. Proceedings of the Chornobyl phytoremediation and biomass energy conversion workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Tokarevsky, V. [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)] [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many concepts, systems, technical approaches, technologies, ideas, agreements, and disagreements were vigorously discussed during the course of the 2-day workshop. The workshop was successful in generating intensive discussions on the merits of the proposed concept that includes removal of radionuclides by plants and trees (phytoremediation) to clean up soil in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ), use of the resultant biomass (plants and trees) to generate electrical power, and incorporation of ash in concrete casks to be used as storage containers in a licensed repository for low-level waste. Twelve years after the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 accident, which occurred on April 26, 1986, the primary 4radioactive contamination of concern is from radioactive cesium ({sup 137}Cs) and strontium ({sup 90}Sr). The {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr were widely distributed throughout the CEZ. The attendees from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Denmark and the US provided information, discussed and debated the following issues considerably: distribution and characteristics of radionuclides in CEZ; efficacy of using trees and plants to extract radioactive cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) from contaminated soil; selection of energy conversion systems and technologies; necessary infrastructure for biomass harvesting, handling, transportation, and energy conversion; radioactive ash and emission management; occupational health and safety concerns for the personnel involved in this work; and economics. The attendees concluded that the overall concept has technical and possibly economic merits. However, many issues (technical, economic, risk) remain to be resolved before a viable commercial-scale implementation could take place.

  17. Fundamental investigations of underground coal gasification. Annual report Mar 82-Mar 83

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, R.D.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal deposits in the Appalachian and Midwest Coal Regions consist primarily of thin relatively deep seams of swelling bituminous coal, but little scientific effort in the United States has been directed toward underground coal gasification in these important industrial areas. In Europe, however, major work is under way on underground coal gasification in thin, deep seams of swelling coal. The principal investigator and a graduate student are participating in field tests in Belgium and supporting laboratory experiments in Germany. Mathematical models are being developed to interpret these experimental data, and a better understanding of the underground coal gasification process is emerging. This understanding is essential for evaluating potential problems, for devising solutions to such problems and for designing field tests.

  18. Final Scientific EFNUDAT Workshop

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Final Scientific EFNUDAT Workshop - organized by the CERN/EN-STI group on behalf of n_TOF Collaboration - will be held at CERN, Geneva (Switzerland) from 30 August to 2 September 2010 inclusive.EFNUDAT website: http://www.efnudat.euTopics of interest include: Data evaluationCross section measurementsExperimental techniquesUncertainties and covariancesFission propertiesCurrent and future facilities  International Advisory Committee: C. Barreau (CENBG, France)T. Belgya (IKI KFKI, Hungary)E. Gonzalez (CIEMAT, Spain)F. Gunsing (CEA, France)F.-J. Hambsch (IRMM, Belgium)A. Junghans (FZD, Germany)R. Nolte (PTB, Germany)S. Pomp (TSL UU, Sweden) Workshop Organizing Committee: Enrico Chiaveri (Chairman)Marco CalvianiSamuel AndriamonjeEric BerthoumieuxCarlos GuerreroRoberto LositoVasilis Vlachoudis Workshop Assistant: Géraldine Jean

  19. Investigations of Near-Field Thermal-Hydrologic-Mechanical-Chemical Models for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Clay/Shale Rock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, H.H.; Li, L.; Zheng, L.; Houseworth, J.E.; Rutqvist, J.

    2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Clay/shale has been considered as potential host rock for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste throughout the world, because of its low permeability, low diffusion coefficient, high retention capacity for radionuclides, and capability to self-seal fractures. For example, Callovo-Oxfordian argillites at the Bure site, France (Fouche et al., 2004), Toarcian argillites at the Tournemire site, France (Patriarche et al., 2004), Opalinus Clay at the Mont Terri site, Switzerland (Meier et al., 2000), and Boom clay at the Mol site, Belgium (Barnichon and Volckaert, 2003) have all been under intensive scientific investigation (at both field and laboratory scales) for understanding a variety of rock properties and their relationships to flow and transport processes associated with geological disposal of radioactive waste. Figure 1-1 presents the distribution of clay/shale formations within the USA.

  20. An evaluation of EIA system performance in eight EU countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, A. [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom); Wood, C. [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre] [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of the quality of environmental impact assessment (EIA) reports, modifications to projects as a result of EIA, and the influence of changes to EIA procedures in the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, and Portugal is reported. The overall proportion of satisfactory EIA reports sampled increased from 50% to 71% between 1990--1991 and 1994--1996. Several modifications to projects occurred as a result of the EIA process, but there was no apparent trend over time relating to the number or significance of modifications. All the eight Member States had taken major or minor measures to modify EIA procedures and these either have already improved the quality of EIA practice or are expected to do so. A series of recommendations to improve the performance of the EIA process is presented.

  1. Outage management and health physics issue, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the May-June issue is on outage management and health physics. Major articles/reports in this issue include: A design with experience for the U.S., by Michael J. Wallace, Constellation Generation Group; Hope to be among the first, by Randy Hutchinson, Entergy Nuclear; Plans to file COLs in 2008, by Garry Miller, Progress Energy; Evolution of ICRP's recommendations, by Lars-Erik Holm, ICRP; European network on education and training in radiological protection, by Michele Coeck, SCK-CEN, Belgium; Outage managment: an important tool for improving nuclear power plant performance, by Thomas Mazour and Jiri Mandula, IAEA, Austria; and Plant profile: Exploring new paths to excellence, by Anne Thomas, Exelon Nuclear.

  2. Proceedings of the ninth annual underground coal gasification symposium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wieber, P.R.; Martin, J.W.; Byrer, C.W. (eds.)

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ninth Underground Coal Gasification Symposium was held August 7 to 10, 1983 at the Indian Lakes Resort and Conference Center in Bloomingdale, Illinois. Over one-hundred attendees from industry, academia, National Laboratories, State Government, and the US Government participated in the exchange of ideas, results and future research plans. Representatives from six countries including France, Belgium, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, West Germany, and Brazil also participated by presenting papers. Fifty papers were presented and discussed in four formal sessions and two informal poster sessions. The presentations described current and future field testing plans, interpretation of field test data, environmental research, laboratory studies, modeling, and economics. All papers were processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

  3. DDE-MURR Status Report of Conceptual Design Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N.E. Woolstenhulme; R.B. Nielson; M.H. Sprenger; G.K. Housley

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Design Demonstration Experiment for the University of Missouri Research Reactor (DDE-MURR) is intended to facilitate Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) conversion of the MURR by demonstrating the performance and fabrication of the LEU fuel element design through an irradiation test in a 200mm channel at the Belgium Reactor 2. At the time this report was prepared the resources for furthering DDE design work were expected to be postponed. As such, the conceptual design effort to date is summarized herein in order to provide the status of key objectives, notable results, and provisions for future design work. These demonstrate that the DDE-MURR design effort is well on the path to producing a suitable irradiation experiment, but also exhibits several challenges for which timely resolution is recommend in order to facilitate success of the irradiation campaign and ultimate conversion of the MURR.

  4. Assessment of national systems for obtaining local acceptance of waste management siting and routing activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paige, H.W.; Lipman, D.S.; Owens, J.E.

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a rich mixture of formal and informal approaches being used in our sister nuclear democracies in their attempts to deal with the difficulties of obtaining local acceptance for siting of waste management facilities and activities. Some of these are meeting with a degree of success not yet achieved in the US. Although this survey documents and assesses many of these approaches, time did not permit addressing in any detail their relevance to common problems in the US. It would appear the US could benefit from a periodic review of the successes and failures of these efforts, including analysis of their applicability to the US system. Of those countries (Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, Japan, Belgium, and the US) who are working to a time table for the preparation of a high-level waste (HLW) repository, Germany is the only country to have gained local siting acceptance for theirs. With this (the most difficult of siting problems) behind them they appear to be in the best overall condition relative to waste management progress and plans. This has been achieved without a particularly favorable political structure, made up for by determination on the part of the political leadership. Of the remaining three countries studied (France, UK and Canada) France, with its AVM production facility, is clearly the world leader in the HLW immobilization aspect of waste management. France, Belgium and the UK appear to have the least favorable political structures and environments for arriving at waste management decisions. US, Switzerland and Canada appear to have the least favorable political structures and environments for arriving at waste management decisions.

  5. Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA- booster subcritical assembly Part II : pulsed neutron source.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, M. Y. A.; Rabiti, C.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most reliable experimental methods for measuring the kinetic parameters of a subcritical assembly is the Sjoestrand method applied to the reaction rate generated from a pulsed neutron source. This study developed a new analytical methodology for characterizing the kinetic parameters of a subcritical assembly using the Sjoestrand method, which allows comparing the analytical and experimental time dependent reaction rates and the reactivity measurements. In this methodology, the reaction rate, detector response, is calculated due to a single neutron pulse using MCNP/MCNPX computer code or any other neutron transport code that explicitly simulates the fission delayed neutrons. The calculation simulates a single neutron pulse over a long time period until the delayed neutron contribution to the reaction is vanished. The obtained reaction rate is superimposed to itself, with respect to the time, to simulate the repeated pulse operation until the asymptotic level of the reaction rate, set by the delayed neutrons, is achieved. The superimposition of the pulse to itself was calculated by a simple C computer program. A parallel version of the C program is used due to the large amount of data being processed, e.g. by the Message Passing Interface (MPI). The new calculation methodology has shown an excellent agreement with the experimental results available from the YALINA-Booster facility of Belarus. The facility has been driven by a Deuterium-Deuterium or Deuterium-Tritium pulsed neutron source and the (n,p) reaction rate has been experimentally measured by a {sup 3}He detector. The MCNP calculation has utilized the weight window and delayed neutron biasing variance reduction techniques since the detector volume is small compared to the assembly volume. Finally, this methodology was used to calculate the IAEA benchmark of the YALINA-Booster experiment.

  6. Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA booster subcritical assembly, Part III : low enriched uranium conversion analyses.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division) [Nuclear Engineering Division

    2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the performance of the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly, located in Belarus, during operation with high (90%), medium (36%), and low (21%) enriched uranium fuels in the assembly's fast zone. The YALINA Booster is a zero-power, subcritical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was constructed for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven subcritical systems, and to serve as a fast neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinides. The first part of this study analyzes the assembly's performance with several fuel types. The MCNPX and MONK Monte Carlo codes were used to determine effective and source neutron multiplication factors, effective delayed neutron fraction, prompt neutron lifetime, neutron flux profiles and spectra, and neutron reaction rates produced from the use of three neutron sources: californium, deuterium-deuterium, and deuterium-tritium. In the latter two cases, the external neutron source operates in pulsed mode. The results discussed in the first part of this report show that the use of low enriched fuel in the fast zone of the assembly diminishes neutron multiplication. Therefore, the discussion in the second part of the report focuses on finding alternative fuel loading configurations that enhance neutron multiplication while using low enriched uranium fuel. It was found that arranging the interface absorber between the fast and the thermal zones in a circular rather than a square array is an effective method of operating the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly without downgrading neutron multiplication relative to the original value obtained with the use of the high enriched uranium fuels in the fast zone.

  7. YALINA-booster subcritical assembly pulsed-neutron experiments : data processing and spatial corrections.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Y.; Gohar, Y.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The YALINA-Booster experiments and analyses are part of the collaboration between Argonne National Laboratory of USA and the Joint Institute for Power & Nuclear Research - SOSNY of Belarus for studying the physics of accelerator driven systems for nuclear energy applications using low enriched uranium. The YALINA-Booster subcritical assembly is utilized for studying the kinetics of accelerator driven systems with its highly intensive D-T or D-D pulsed neutron source. In particular, the pulsed neutron methods are used to determine the reactivity of the subcritical system. This report examines the pulsed-neutron experiments performed in the YALINA-Booster facility with different configurations for the subcritical assembly. The 1141 configuration with 90% U-235 fuel and the 1185 configuration with 36% or 21% U-235 fuel are examined. The Sjoestrand area-ratio method is utilized to determine the reactivities of the different configurations. The linear regression method is applied to obtain the prompt neutron decay constants from the pulsed-neutron experimental data. The reactivity values obtained from the experimental data are shown to be dependent on the detector locations inside the subcritical assembly and the types of detector used for the measurements. In this report, Bell's spatial correction factors are calculated based on a Monte Carlo model to remove the detector dependences. The large differences between the reactivity values given by the detectors in the fast neutron zone of the YALINA-Booster are reduced after applying the spatial corrections. In addition, the estimated reactivity values after the spatial corrections are much less spatially dependent.

  8. Radioactive Spent Ion-Exchange Resins Conditioning by the Hot Supercompaction Process at Tihange NPP - Early Experience - 12200

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braet, Johan; Charpentier, David; Centner, Baudouin; Vanderperre, Serge [Nuclear Department, Tractebel Engineering (GDF-SUEZ), Avenue Ariane 7, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spent ion-exchange resins are considered to be problematic waste that, in many cases, requires special approaches and precautions during their conditioning to meet the acceptance criteria for disposal. In Belgium, for economical reasons, the Volume Reduction Factor is a key criterion. After Tractebel Engineering performed a technical and economical comparison of the industrially available systems, Tihange NPP decided to install a spent ion-exchange resins hot supercompaction unit with Tractebel Engineering in the role of architect-engineer. The treatment and conditioning unit processes the spent ion-exchange resins through the following steps: dewatering of the resins, drying the resins under deep vacuum, discharging the dried resins into compactable drums, super-compacting the drums to generate pellets, grouting the pellets into standard 400 litres waste drums (overpacks) licensed for final disposal in the near-surface repository in Belgium. Several developments were required to adapt the reference process and equipment to PWR spent ion-exchange bead resins and Belgian radioactive waste acceptance criteria. In order to avoid cracks on the compacted drum, and external surface contamination from resin leaks, some improvements were achieved to minimize spring-back as well as the risk of cracking the drum wall. Placing the compactable drum inside a second, slightly larger drum, guarantees clean and reproducible pellets. Currently the commissioning phase is on-going. Numerous process validation tests have been completed. An acceptance file was transmitted to the Belgian Waste Management Authority recently. This will be followed by demonstration tests necessary to obtain their final acceptance of the installation. More than 3 800 drums of mixed powdered and bead resins have been processed by the reference Hot Compaction process, achieving a Volume Reduction Factor (VRF) of 2.5. The equipment has been proven to be a reliable technology with low operation and maintenance costs. Tractebel Engineering has managed the construction of a new application of this process in Belgium at Tihange NPP. Several developments were required to adapt the reference process and equipment to PWR spent ion-exchange bead resins and Belgian radioactive waste acceptance criteria. The chosen method of conditioning (draining, drying and compaction of the spent resins followed by grouting of the pellets in a 400 litres drum) immobilizes the spent resins under the form of a solid, compact, stable, and non dispersible block free of interstitial water. The various series of inactive tests which were conducted at Tihange NPP, helped among others to determine the best design of the compactable drum and lid and to set the value of critical parameters such as vapour temperature at the end of drying, speed, force and duration of compaction. In an environment of very limited space for interim storage and in the absence of an operational final repository site, or in the case of high final disposal costs, the process exhibits the following key advantages: - Achieving a Volume Reduction Factor (VRF) close to 1 (overpack included) for the interim storage instead of increased volumes observed with other currently available processes; - Achieving a water free end product; - Creating a flexible waste product for interim storage (pellet), which can be retrieved and routed into alternative types of package later, if not initially grouted; - Using well proven standard technologies like drying and compaction; - Flexible use of the system components for the supercompaction of other operational solid waste streams when not conducting resins conditioning campaigns. (authors)

  9. Analysis of the Younger Dryas Impact Layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, Richard B.; West, Allen; Revay, Zsolt; Hagstrum, Jonathon T,; Belgya, Thomas; Hee, Shane S. Que; Smith, Alan R.

    2010-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We have uncovered a thin layer of magnetic grains and microspherules, carbon spherules, and glass-like carbon at nine sites across North America, a site in Belgium, and throughout the rims of 16 Carolina Bays. It is consistent with the ejecta layer from an impact event and has been dated to 12.9 ka BP coinciding with the onset of Younger Dryas (YD) cooling and widespread megafaunal extinctions in North America. At many locations the impact layer is directly below a black mat marking the sudden disappearance of the megafauna and Clovis people. The distribution pattern of the Younger Dryas boundary (YDB) ejecta layer is consistent with an impact near the Great Lakes that deposited terrestrial-like ejecta near the impact site and unusual, titanium-rich projectile-like ejecta further away. High water content associated with the ejecta, up to 28 at. percent hydrogen (H), suggests the impact occurred over the Laurentide Ice Sheet. YDB microspherules and magnetic grains are highly enriched in TiO{sub 2}. Magnetic grains from several sites are enriched in iridium (Ir), up to 117 ppb. The TiO{sub 2}/FeO, K/Th, TiO{sub 2}/Zr, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/FeO+MgO, CaO/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, REE/ chondrite, FeO/MnO ratios and SiO{sub 2}, Na{sub 2}O, K{sub 2}O, Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Ni, Co, U, Th and other trace element abundances are inconsistent with all terrestrial and extraterrestrial (ET) sources except for KREEP, a lunar igneous rock rich in potassium (K), rare-earth elements (REE), phosphorus (P), and other incompatible elements including U and Th. Normal Fe, Ti, and {sup 238}U/{sup 235}U isotopic abundances were found in the magnetic grains, but {sup 234}U was enriched over equilibrium values by 50 percent in Murray Springs and by 130 percent in Belgium. 40K abundance is enriched by up to 100 percent in YDB sediments and Clovis chert artifacts. Highly vesicular carbon spherules containing nanodiamonds, glass-like carbon, charcoal and soot found in large quantities in the YDB layer are consistent with an impact followed by intense burning. Four holes in the Great Lakes, some deeper than Death Valley, are proposed as possible craters produced by the airburst breakup of a loosely aggregated projectile.

  10. The Belgoprocess Strategy Relating to the Management of Materials from Decommissioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teunckens, L.; Lewandowski, P.; Walthery, R.; Ooms. B.

    2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Belgium started its nuclear program quite early. The first installations were constructed in the fifties, and presently, more than 55 % of the Belgian electricity production is provided by nuclear power plants. After 30 years of nuclear experience, Belgium started decommissioning of nuclear facilities in the eighties with two main projects: the BR3-PWR plant and the Eurochemic reprocessing plant. The BR3-decommissioning project is carried out at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, while the decommissioning of the former Eurochemic reprocessing plant is managed and operated by Belgoprocess n.v., which is also operating the centralized waste treatment facilities and the interim storage for Belgian radioactive waste. Some fundamental principles have to be considered for the management of materials resulting from the decommissioning of nuclear installations, equipment and/or components, mainly based on the guidelines of the ''IAEA-Safety Fundamentals. The Principles of Radioactive Waste Management. Safety Series No. 111-F, IAEA, Vienna, 1995'' with respect to radioactive waste management. Two of the fundamental principles indicated in this document are specifically dealing with the strategy for the management of materials from decommissioning, ''Generation of radioactive waste shall be kept to the minimum practicable'' (seventh principle), and ''Radioactive waste shall be managed in such a way that it will not impose undue burdens on future generations'' (fifth principle). Based on these fundamental principles, Belgoprocess has made a straightforward choice for a strategy with minimization of the amount of materials to be managed as radioactive waste. This objective is obtained through the use of advanced decontamination techniques and the unconditional release of decontaminated materials. Unconditionally released materials are recycled, such as i.e., metal materials that are removed to conventional melting facilities, or are removed to conventional industrial disposal sites if they have no remaining value. In order to achieve these objectives, Belgoprocess uses techniques and equipment that enable the high degrees of decontamination to be obtained, while based on commercially available technology. As an example, for concrete surfaces, where the contamination has not penetrated deeply, significant improvement in operation efficiency was achieved when developing dry hand held and automated floor and wall shaving systems as an alternative for scabbling. As it was also shown that it is economically interesting to decontaminate metal components to unconditional release levels using dry abrasive blasting techniques, an industrial automated dry abrasive blasting unit was installed in the Belgoprocess central decontamination infrastructure. Moreover, a specific facility was developed and operations started for taking representative samples and monitoring concrete material in view of the final demolition and unconditional release of remaining structures of buildings after completing all dismantling and decontamination work.

  11. Proceedings of the thirteenth annual underground coal gasification symposium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, J.W.; Barone, S.P. (eds.)

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Thirteenth Annual Underground Coal Gasification Symposium was cosponsored by the Morgantown Energy Technology Center's Laramie Projects Office and Gas Research Institute of Chicago, Illinois, and hosted by the Western Research Institute of Laramie, Wyoming. The symposium was held in Laramie, Wyoming, during the period, August 24 to 26, 1987. Papers printed in these Proceedings were reproduced from camera-ready manuscripts furnished by the authors. They have not been refereed nor have they been edited after receipt for publishing. The purpose for this annual meeting is to provide an opportunity for scientists working in the technology to present their research results, exchange ideas, and discuss their future plans. Nearly 100 attendees from industry, academia, Government, and eight countries, including Belgium, Brazil, France, the Netherlands, Japan, West Germany, India, and Yugoslavia participated. Forty-seven papers were presented in five formal sessions covering Technology, International, Environmental, and General Topics and one informal poster session dominantly covering laboratory and modeling studies. Industrial papers have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

  12. A fleet leader experience with dry low emissions aeroderivative gas turbines (LM6000PB and PD)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandesteene, J.L.; De Witte, M.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In January 1995, the world's first LM6000 dry low emissions (DLE) aeroderivative gas turbine supplied by GE M and I was successfully started up at Gent power plant. In November 1997, the world's first uprated LM6000, also equipped with the DLE combustion system, began commercial operation at Geel cogeneration facility. TEE handled the engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning of these projects as well as for several other repowering and cogeneration facilities based on high efficiency DLE aeroderivative gas turbines. By mid 1998, seven LM6000 DLE and one LM2500 DLE will be in commercial operation at several cogeneration and power plants in Belgium. The results of three years of experience with the LM engines are presented: the reasons why the LM engines were selected, the history of the different units, the maintenance organization, the fleet fired hours and availability, and the main technical issues like DLE combustor, LPT5 failures. The conclusion is that after having experienced several serious problems, the LM6000 and the DLE combustion system have matured and now seem sufficiently reliable. The actual performance data of the uprated engine are significantly better than initially expected.

  13. Study of the reactivity of sodium compounds and Ca(OH){sub 2} towards SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mocke, K.; Stejskalova, K.; Bach, P. [J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, Prague (Czechoslovakia)] [and others

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The J.Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry (IPC) has conducted a detailed basic research under contract to Solvay Company (Belgium) to examine the reactivity of solid substances towards acid gases (SO{sub 2},NO{sub x}) with the aim to find the best conditions for their efficient removal. The reactivity of different sodium compounds (sodium bicarbonate, active soda, sodium carbonate monohydrate, dense soda ash) and Ca(OH){sub 2} was examined in the reaction with sulphur dioxide in a broad range of experimental variables (temperature, gas composition). The reactivity of selected samples was investigated also in the reactions with gaseous mixtures containing SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} in the dependence on temperature, SO{sub 2}/NO{sub x}, and NO/NO{sub 2} ratios and the hydrodynamic regime of the fixed bed flow reactor. Further, ESCA and SEM methods were used for the identification of solid reaction products and their evolution as a function of reaction parameters. It is shown that in the case of NaHCO{sub 3} precursor it is possible to achieve in average at least a 90 % SO{sub 2} and simultaneously an almost 50 % NO{sub x} removal. The results obtained are very promising with respect to the NaHCO{sub 3} utilization especially for the purification of waste gases from incinerators and power plants.

  14. Experienced gained with the dismantling of large components of the Pamela vitrification plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luycx, P.; Demonie, M.; Snoeckx, M.; Baeten, L.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Belgoprocess acquired valuable experience during the dismantling of four large components of its vitrification plant at Dessel, Belgium. The four components, a ceramic melter, the vitromet equipment, the wet dust scrubber and the container lifting and weighing carriage, had to be dismantled in view of recommissioning the plant for a second vitrification programme. The dismantling strategy and operations were determined by the existing plant and equipment and by the available staff and experience. A strict programme of quality assurance was implemented. The work was completed within the scheduled time period of 2.5 years and largely within the cost estimate. Total manhours amounted to 25,000. Some 30 t of dismantling waste was conditioned into cement in 187 stainless steel drums of 200 liters. 5 t of low-level dismantling waste was sent to treatment facilities onsite. Total costs amounted to $3.5 million. The collective occupational radiation dose amounted to 48 mSv and was mainly due to repair and maintenance jobs. Dismantling costs and occupational doses can be substantially lowered by taking into account dismantling requirements at the design phase of plant and equipment.

  15. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  16. Comparison of selected foreign plans and practices for spent fuel and high-level waste management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Hazelton, R.F.; Bradley, D.J.

    1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the major parameters for management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive wastes in selected foreign countries as of December 1989 and compares them with those in the United States. The foreign countries included in this study are Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All the countries are planning for disposal of spent fuel and/or high-level wastes in deep geologic repositories. Most countries (except Canada and Sweden) plan to reprocess their spent fuel and vitrify the resultant high-level liquid wastes; in comparison, the US plans direct disposal of spent fuel. The US is planning to use a container for spent fuel as the primary engineered barrier. The US has the most developed repository concept and has one of the earliest scheduled repository startup dates. The repository environment presently being considered in the US is unique, being located in tuff above the water table. The US also has the most prescriptive regulations and performance requirements for the repository system and its components. 135 refs., 8 tabs.

  17. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitner, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paraskevis, D [KATHOLIEKE UNIV; Pybus, O [UNIV OF OXFORD; Magiorkinis, G [KATHOLIEKE UNIV; Hatzakis, A [KATHOLIEKE UNIV

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  18. Development of fast response electrochromic devices on polymeric substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antinucci, M.; Ferriolo, A. [Conphoebus, Catania (Italy)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochromic devices have been widely studied in the past years for their very promising application in large-area glazing, smart windows, high contrast displays, automotive glazing. The development of full solid-state electrochromic (EC) devices on polymeric substrate is underway within a CEC BRITE-EURAM project (Project ``FREDOPS``, BE-4137) carried out by four industries, two universities and two research centers from Belgium, Denmark, France and Italy. Specific goal of the project is to develop a Fast Response Electrochromic Device On Polymeric Substrate (FREDOPS); in order to satisfy the required range of specifications in terms of fast response, long term performance and high contrast ratio, several systems based on different materials have been tested. The full cells consist of an electrochromic material layer and a counter-electrode, inserted between two PET/ITO layers and separated by a polymeric electrolyte. Different types of polymeric electrolytes, counter electrodes and electrochromic layers have been developed, studied and checked. Full devices have been assembled using different combinations. Voltammetric and spectrophotometric measurements have been executed to check the electrochromic behavior of the developed layers in half and full cells. Comparison of the electrochromic performances of different materials based cells has led to the rejection of several solutions due to poor performance and incompatibilities between layers. The present paper discusses these results in order to indicate the best foreseen solutions.

  19. The impact of a deregulated European electricity market on Volvo in Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dag, S.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The member countries within the European Union (EU) have agreed to open all national electricity markets for competition, starting January 1, 1999. The electricity market in Sweden is deregulated since January 1, 1996. The deregulation of the electricity markets will gradually shift the electricity price levels in different countries towards an equal price level, which will most likely be close to the levels on the Continental Europe. A deregulated European electricity market may change the competition situation for Swedish industries dramatically. The capacity in electric generation with low operating costs in Sweden has led to very low electricity prices and high usage level compared to other EU countries. The consumption level of electric energy per capita is nearly three times higher in Sweden than the average per capita EU usage. The high level of electricity consumption is typical also of industrial customers in Sweden. Studies of Volvo Car Corporation have shown that the Volvo car plant in Torslanda, Sweden utilizes substantially more electric energy per manufactured car than the Volvo car plant in Gent, Belgium. A method is developed to transform the Torslanda plant from a low energy efficiency state to a higher energy efficiency state by modeling. The method is based on the Life Cycle Cost (LCC) concept and includes optimization models of the two plants with mixed integer linear programming (MILP).

  20. Treatment of Visceral Aneurysm Using Multilayer Stent: Two-Year Follow-Up Results in Five Consecutive Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balderi, Alberto, E-mail: balders@libero.it; Antonietti, Alberto, E-mail: antonietti.a@ospedale.cuneo.it; Pedrazzini, Fulvio, E-mail: pedrazzini.f@ospedale.cuneo.it; Sortino, Davide, E-mail: davide.sortino@hotmail.it; Vinay, Claudia, E-mail: claudia.vinay@gmail.com; Grosso, Maurizio, E-mail: grosso.m@ospedale.cuneo.it [AO Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy)] [AO Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The present study was performed to analyze the midterm results (five consecutive patients, 2-year follow-up) of the endovascular management of visceral artery aneurysms using the Cardiatis Multilayer Flow Modulator (CMFM) (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium), a self-expandable stent. Materials and Methods: From August 2009 to January 2011, we implanted five CMFMs in five patients (all men; mean age 73 years) to treat two common hepatic artery aneurysms, one celiac trunk aneurysm, one splenic artery aneurysm, and one superior mesenteric artery aneurysm (diameter 25-81 mm). The primary end point was technical success. The secondary end point was stent patency, absence of aneurysm rupture or reperfusion, and shrinking of the sac at 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up using computed tomography angiography. Follow-up ranged from 24 to 48 months (mean 31.2). Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients. Complete exclusion of the aneurysm with sac shrinking was achieved in two patients. Two stents became occluded at 6- and 24-month follow-up, respectively; both patients were asymptomatic and were not retreated. One patient developed sac reperfusion due to incomplete aneurysm exclusion. Conclusion: Long-term results in a wider population are needed to validate the effectiveness of the CMFM.

  1. Analysis of Reactor Physics Experiment for the Irradiated LWR MOX Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katsuyuki; Kawashima; Toru, Yamamoto; Katsuichiro, Kamimura [Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Tokyu Reit Toranomon Bldg. 7F, 3-17-1, Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001 (Japan)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As an important part to validate the LWR core neutronics analysis methods, Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) has been participating in the REBUS international program and performing analyses and evaluations of the reactor physics experiment data including the irradiated fuels. In REBUS program, physics experiments were performed at the VENUS critical test facility in SCK/CEN, Belgium, in which the five core configurations were tested. In each core configuration, the central part of the 3.3%- and 4%-enriched UO{sub 2} fuel core was replaced by the test bundle of (1)fresh MOX fuel, (2)medium-burnup MOX fuel, (3)high-burnup MOX fuel, (4)fresh UO{sub 2} fuel, and (5)irradiated UO{sub 2} fuel. Measured parameters are critical water level, water level reactivity, fission rate distributions, and neutron flux distributions. In this paper, the results of the fresh MOX and medium-burnup MOX core critical experiments and analysis are presented. The medium-burnup MOX fuel used in this test is 6.9% in initial fissile enrichment and the burnup averaged over the fuel rods is 20 GWd/t. In the core critical analysis, a continuous energy Monte Carlo code MVP was used with the JENDL-3.2 nuclear data library as well as a deterministic analysis code SRAC. The calculated results are compared with the experimental ones. (authors)

  2. R-MATRIX ANALYSIS of 232Th NEUTRON TRANSMISSIONS and CAPTURE CROSS SECTIONS in the ENERGY RANGE THERMAL to 4 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, Herve [ORNL; Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Larson, Nancy M [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron resonance parameters of 232Th were obtained from the Reich-Moore SAMMY analysis of high-resolution neutron transmission measurements performed at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) by Olsen in 1981, along with the high-resolution neutron capture measurements performed in 2005 at the Geel Linear Accelerator (GELINA, Belgium) by Schillebeeckx and at the n-TOF facility (CERN, Switzerland) by Aerts. The ORELA data were analyzed previously by Olsen with the Breit-Wigner multilevel code SIOB, and the results were used in the ENDF/B-VI evaluation. In the new analysis of the Olsen neutron transmissions by the modern computer code SAMMY, better accuracy is obtained for the resonance parameters by including in the experimental data base the recent experimental neutron capture data. The experimental data base and the method of analysis are described in the report. The neutron transmissions and the capture cross sections calculated with the resonance parameters are compared to the experimental values. A description is given of the statistical properties of the resonance parameters. The new evaluation results in a decrease in the capture resonance integral and improves the prediction of integral thermal benchmarks.

  3. DDE-MURR Status Report of Conceptual Design Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N.E. Woolstenhulme; R.B. Nielson; M.H. Sprenger; G.K. Housley

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Design Demonstration Experiment for the University of Missouri Research Reactor (DDE-MURR) is intended to facilitate Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) conversion of the MURR by demonstrating the performance and fabrication of the LEU fuel element design through an irradiation test in a 200mm channel at the Belgium Reactor 2 (BR2). Revision 0 of this report was prepared at the end of government fiscal year 2012 when most of the resources for furthering DDE design work were expected to be postponed. Hence, the conceptual design efforts were summarized to provide the status of key objectives, notable results, and provisions for future design work. Revision 1 of this report was prepared at the end of fiscal year 2013 in order to include results from a neutronic study performed by BR2, to incorporate further details that had been achieved in the engineering sketches of the irradiation devices, and to provide an update of the DDE-MURR campaign in relation to program objectives and opportunities for its eventual irradiation. These updates were purposed to bring the DDE-MURR conceptual design to level of maturity similar to that of the other two DDE efforts (DDE-MITR and DDE-NBSR). This report demonstrates that the DDE-MURR design effort is well on the path to producing a suitable irradiation experiment, but also puts forth several recommendations in order to facilitate success of the irradiation campaign.

  4. Analysis of international efforts in energy research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rezaiyan, A.J.; Gill, R.T.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and experimental development comprise innovative and creative work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge of science, engineering, and society. This knowledge reserve is used to improve living conditions and standards, including economic growth. Research and development (R&D) expenditures are useful measures of the scale and direction of technological innovation within a country, industry, or scientific field. Administrators concerned with economic growth and performance rely on R&D statistics as one possible type of indicator of technological change. R&D statistics are an essential tool in many government programs and evaluations (OECD 1993). The objective of the analysis was to identify and evaluate R&D funding sources, levels, and trends in the energy sectors of selected industrialized countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States) and the European Union (EU). Fossil fuel technologies, particularly fuel cells and advanced gas turbines, were the focus of the analysis, whose results are presented in this report.

  5. New Brunswick Laboratory. Progress report, October 1995--September 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiscal year (FY) 1996 was a very good year for New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), whose major sponsor is the Office of Safeguards and Security (NN-51) in the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nonproliferation and National Security, Office of Security Affairs. Several projects pertinent to the NBL mission were completed, and NBL`s interactions with partners and customers were encouraging. Among the partners with which NBL interacted in this report period were the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), NN-51. Environmental Program Group of the DOE Chicago Operations Office, International Safeguards Project Office, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Ukraine Working Group, Fissile Materials Assurance Working Group, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) in Belgium, Brazilian/Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company, and other DOE facilities and laboratories. NBL staff publications, participation in safeguards assistance and other nuclear programs, development of new reference materials, involvement in the updating and refinement of DOE documents, service in enhancing the science education of others, and other related activities enhanced NBL`s status among DOE laboratories and facilities. Noteworthy are the facts that NBL`s small inventory of nuclear materials is accurately accounted for, and, as in past years, its materials and human resources were used in peaceful nuclear activities worldwide.

  6. EDITORIAL HPJ SPECIAL ISSUE INTRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farfan, E.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioecology is the study of the fate and transport and potential effects of radionuclides and associated contaminants in the environment. In short, it is the science that describes the fundamental connection between environmental health and human health risks. As such, radioecology can and has provided the credible, consistent and defensible basis for the successful and cost-effective environmental cleanup and closure of nuclear production and waste sites. In addition, radioecology also provides the technical basis for making timely and reliable decisions on cleanup in the aftermath of nuclear incidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima. The 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident resulted in catastrophic health, social, and economic consequences in many countries, predominantly, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. The extent of radioactive contamination, levels and forms of contamination, and diversity of the ecosystems affected by the accident did not have any precedent and provided unique opportunities for environmental scientists around the world. Following the natural course of their development, populations of species and their communities found themselves in conditions of chronic radiation exposure that exceeded the natural background by factors of hundreds and thousands. Anything similar would have been extremely difficult if not impossible to recreate in a scientific laboratory. Consequently, since the first few years after the accident, many teams of scientists have visited the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ). The knowledge gained by studying the consequences of this accident has tremendous importance. The concept of an international research and technical center to address the problems involving nuclear and radiological accidents became a reality with the establishment of the International Chernobyl Center (ICC). In May 1995, the US and Ukraine signed a Protocol of Intent on establishment of the ICC, and the government of Ukraine appealed to the international scientific community to support ICC and join its activities (Chernobyl Center 2006). In December 1995, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on the ChNPP closure was signed by the government of Ukraine, all of the G7 governments, and the European Commission. The ICC foundation was considered critical to ensure the safe decommissioning of the ChNPP reactor units and improvement of the safety of the Chernobyl Containment Shelter. On the 10th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1996), Mr. Viktor Yushchenko, the President of Ukraine, issued a decree to establish the Chernobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste and Radioecology (Chernobyl Center). On the same day, a MOU involving the US participation in Chernobyl Center activities was signed by the US and Ukraine (Chernobyl Center 2006). In July 1998, the US and Ukraine signed an agreement to establish the International Radioecology Laboratory (IRL) as part of the Chernobyl Center. The creation of IRL was a logical continuation of previous programs to conduct scientific research in radioecology and provide Ukraine and the rest of the world with the necessary infrastructure and scientific basis to conduct research in radioecology, radiobiology, dosimetry, and environmental protection in the ChEZ (Chernobyl Center 2006). A recent collaborative effort with IRL has been implemented through a project titled 'Long-term impacts from radiation/contamination within the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone' (Farfan et al. 2008; Gerdes et al. 2009; Marra et al. 2010). This collaboration had the following objectives: (1) Assess the long-term impacts to the environment from radiation exposure within the ChEZ; (2) Provide information on remediation guidelines and ecological risk assessment within radioactively contaminated territories based on the results of long-term field monitoring, analytical measurements, and numerical modeling of soils and groundwater radioactive contamination; and (3) Recommend the development and testing of effective cleanup technologies to reduce environmental and health risks. Based o

  7. Survey of waste package designs for disposal of high-level waste/spent fuel in selected foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Silviera, D.J.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a survey of the waste package strategies for seven western countries with active nuclear power programs that are pursuing disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high-level wastes in deep geologic rock formations. Information, current as of January 1989, is given on the leading waste package concepts for Belgium, Canada, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All but two of the countries surveyed (France and the UK) have developed design concepts for their repositories, but none of the countries has developed its final waste repository or package concept. Waste package concepts are under study in all the countries surveyed, except the UK. Most of the countries have not yet developed a reference concept and are considering several concepts. Most of the information presented in this report is for the current reference or leading concepts. All canisters for the wastes are cylindrical, and are made of metal (stainless steel, mild steel, titanium, or copper). The canister concepts have relatively thin walls, except those for spent fuel in Sweden and Germany. Diagrams are presented for the reference or leading concepts for canisters for the countries surveyed. The expected lifetimes of the conceptual canisters in their respective disposal environment are typically 500 to 1,000 years, with Sweden's copper canister expected to last as long as one million years. Overpack containers that would contain the canisters are being considered in some of the countries. All of the countries surveyed, except one (Germany) are currently planning to utilize a buffer material (typically bentonite) surrounding the disposal package in the repository. Most of the countries surveyed plan to limit the maximum temperature in the buffer material to about 100{degree}C. 52 refs., 9 figs.

  8. Belgian experience in applying the {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} concept to the primary loop piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerard, R.; Malekian, C.; Meessen, O. [Tractebel Energy Engineering, Brussels (Belgium)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Leak Before Break (LBB) concept allows to eliminate from the design basis the double-ended guillotine break of the primary loop piping, provided it can be demonstrated by a fracture mechanics analysis that a through-wall flaw, of a size giving rise to a leakage still well detectable by the plant leak detection systems, remains stable even under accident conditions (including the Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE)). This concept was successfully applied to the primary loop piping of several Belgian Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) units, operated by the Utility Electrabel. One of the main benefits is to permit justification of supports in the primary loop and justification of the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel and internals in case of a Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in stretch-out conditions. For two of the Belgian PWR units, the LBB approach also made it possible to reduce the number of large hydraulic snubbers installed on the primary coolant pumps. Last but not least, the LBB concept also facilitates the steam generator replacement operations, by eliminating the need for some pipe whip restraints located close to the steam generator. In addition to the U.S. regulatory requirements, the Belgian safety authorities impose additional requirements which are described in details in a separate paper. An novel aspect of the studies performed in Belgium is the way in which residual loads in the primary loop are taken into account. Such loads may result from displacements imposed to close the primary loop in a steam generator replacement operation, especially when it is performed using the {open_quote}two cuts{close_quotes} technique. The influence of such residual loads on the LBB margins is discussed in details and typical results are presented.

  9. Design and Performance of Solar Decathlon 2011 High-Penetration Microgrid: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stafford, B.; Coddington, M.; Butt, R.; Solomon, S.; Wiegand, G.; Wagner, C.; Gonzalez, B.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon challenges collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive. The Solar Decathlon 2011 was held in Washington, D.C., from September 23 to October 2, 2011 . A high-penetration microgrid was designed, installed, and operated for the Solar Decathlon 2011 to grid-connect 19 highly energy-efficient, solar-powered competition houses to a single utility connection point. The capacity penetration of this microgrid (defined as maximum PV generation divided by maximum system load over a two-week period) was 74% based on 1-minute averaged data. Temporary, ground-laid conductors and electrical distribution equipment were installed to grid-connect the Solar Decathlon village, which included the houses as well as other electrical loads used by the event organizers. While 16 of the houses were connected to the 60 Hz microgrid, three houses from Belgium, China, and New Zealand were supplied with 50 Hz power. The design of the microgrid, including the connection of the houses powered by 50 Hz and a standby diesel generator, is discussed in this paper. In addition to the utility-supplied net energy meters at each house, a microgrid monitoring system was installed to measure and record energy consumption and PV energy production at 1-second intervals at each house. Bidirectional electronic voltage regulators were installed for groups of competition houses, which held the service voltage at each house to acceptable levels. The design and successful performance of this high-penetration microgrid is presented from the house, microgrid operator, and utility perspectives.

  10. Nuclear Waste Disposal in Deep Geological Formations: What are the Major Remaining Scientific Issues?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toulhoat, Pierre [Institut des Sciences Analytiques, Universite de Lyon, 43 avenue du 11 novembre 1918, Villeurbanne, 69622 (France); Scientific Direction, INERIS, Parc Technologique ALATA, BP2, Verneuil-en-Halatte, 60550, (France)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For more than thirty years, considerable efforts have been carried out in order to evaluate the possibility of disposing of high level wastes in deep geological formations. Different rock types have been examined, such as water-under-saturated tuffs (USA), granites or crystalline rocks (Canada, Sweden, and Finland), clays (France, Belgium, and Switzerland), rock-salt (Germany). Deep clays and granites, (provided that the most fractured zones are avoided in the second case) are considered to fulfill most allocated functions, either on short term (reversibility) or long term. Chemically reducing conditions favor the immobilization of actinides and most fission products by precipitation, co-precipitation and sorption. If oxidizing conditions prevail, the safety demonstration will mostly rely on the performance of artificial confinement systems. Rock-salt offers limited performance considering the issue of reversibility, which is now perceived as essential, mostly for ethical and sociological reasons. However, several issues would deserve additional research programs, and as a first priority, a clear description of time/space succession of processes during the evolution of the repository. This will allow a better representation of coupled processes in performance assessment, such as the influence of gases (H{sub 2}) generated by corrosion, on the long term dynamics of the re-saturation. Geochemical interactions between the host formation and the engineered systems (packages + barriers) are still insufficiently described. Additional gains in performance could be obtained when taking into account processes such as isotopic exchange. Imaginative solutions, employing ceramic- carbon composite materials could be proposed to replace heavy and gas-generating overpacks, or to accommodate the small but probably significant amount of 'ultimate' wastes that will be inevitably produced by Generation IV reactor systems. (author)

  11. Acute changes in pulse pressure in relation to constituents of particulate air pollution in elderly persons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobs, Lotte [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)] [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Buczynska, Anna [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium)] [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium); Walgraeve, Christophe [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium)] [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium); Delcloo, Andy [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium)] [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium); Potgieter-Vermaak, Sanja [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium) [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium); Molecular Science Institute, School of Chemistry, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa); Division of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester (United Kingdom); Van Grieken, Rene [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium)] [Departement of Chemistry, UA, Wilrijk (Belgium); Demeestere, Kristof; Dewulf, Jo; Van Langenhove, Herman [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium)] [Research group EnVOC, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, UGent, Gent (Belgium); De Backer, Hugo [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium)] [Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels (Belgium); Nemery, Benoit, E-mail: ben.nemery@med.kuleuven.be [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)] [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Nawrot, Tim S. [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium) [Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung Toxicology, K.U.Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Centre for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek (Belgium)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An increased pulse pressure (difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure) suggests aortic stiffening. The objective of this study was to examine the acute effects of both particulate matter (PM) mass and composition on blood pressure, among elderly persons. We carried out a panel study in persons living in elderly homes in Antwerp, Belgium. We recruited 88 non-smoking persons, 70% women with a mean age of 83 years (standard deviation: 5.2). Blood pressure was measured and a blood sample was collected on two time points, which were chosen so that there was an exposure contrast in ambient PM exposure. The elemental content of the collected indoor and outdoor PM{sub 2.5} (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 {mu}m) mass concentration was measured. Oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (oxy-PAHs) on outdoor PM{sub 10} (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <10 {mu}m) were measured. Each interquartile range increase of 20.8 {mu}g/m Superscript-Three in 24-h mean outdoor PM{sub 2.5} was associated with an increase in pulse pressure of 4.0 mmHg (95% confidence interval: 1.8-6.2), in persons taking antihypertensive medication (n=57), but not in persons not using antihypertensive medication (n=31) (p for interaction: 0.02). Vanadium, iron and nickel contents of PM{sub 2.5} were significantly associated with systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure, among persons on antihypertensive medication. Similar results were found for indoor concentrations. Of the oxy-PAHs, chrysene-5,6-dione and benzo[a]pyrene-3,6-dione were significantly associated with increases in systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure. In elderly, pulse pressure was positively associated with acute increases in outdoor and indoor air pollution, among persons taking antihypertensive medication. These results might form a mechanistic pathway linking air pollution as a trigger of cardiovascular events.

  12. Quarterly coal report, January--March 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States produced 242 million short tons of coal in the first quarter of 1993, a decrease of 6 percent (14 million short tons) from the amount produced during the first quarter of 1992. The decrease was due to a decline in production east of the Mississippi River. All major coal-producing States in this region had lower coal production levels led by West Virginia, which produced 5 million short tons less coal. The principal reasons for the overall drop in coal output compared to a year earlier were: A decrease in demand for US coal in foreign markets; a slower rate of producer/distributor stock build-up; and a drawn-down of electric utility coal stocks. Distribution of US coal in the first quarter of 1993 was 10 million short tons lower than in the first quarter of 1992, with 5 million short tons less distributed to both electric utilities and overseas markets. The average price of coal delivered to electric utilities during the first quarter of 1993 was $28.65 per short ton, the lowest value since the first quarter of 1980. Coal consumption in the first quarter of 1993 was 230 million short tons, 4 percent higher than in the first quarter of 1992, due primarily to a 5-percent increase in consumption at electric utility plants. Total consumer stocks, at 153 million short tons, and electric utility stocks, at 144 million short tons, were at their lowest quarterly level since the end of 1989. US. coal exports totaled 19 million short tons, 6 million short tons less than in the first quarter of 1992, and the lowest quarterly level since 1988. The decline was primarily due to a 1-million-short-ton drop in exports to each of the following destinations: Italy, France, Belgium and Luxembourg, and Canada.

  13. Producers post increase as prices plumb new depths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    European polypropylene (PP) producers are gearing up for yet another attempt to raise prices and stem their losses. Despite a string of pricing initiatives throughout 1992, the oversupplied PP market continued to sink. It slipped again in January, with many producers accusing their competitors of price cutting to raise sales volumes. The difference this time is that all the major players have stated their readiness to hike prices, while output has been cut back considerably to reduce stocks. Sentiment in the market is that prices simply cannot be allowed to go any lower. Neste Chemicals (Helsinki) has led the way by announcing a 40-pfennig/kg increase, effective March 1. Sven Svensson, Neste's v.p./PP, says the increase was announced early to allow converters to adjust the prices of their products. Huels (Marl, Germany) has since announced a 30 pfennig-40 pfennig/kg hike for February or March, Hoechst (Frankfurt) says it will go for a similar increase March 1, Amoco Chemical Europe (Geneva) has promised a hike effective February 1, while Himont (Milan) and Brussels-based Petrofina and Solvay confirm they will also be raising prices. There could be a greater sense of urgency now that propylene contracts have been raised for February. The lowest PP price so far reported in Europe has been BF12.50/kg (DM0.61/kg) for raffia-grade material in Belgium. The French market is about F2.20/kg; the UK at [Brit pounds]290/m.t.; German prices are slightly firmer at DM0.70/kg, with injection molding at about DM0.75/kg. PP copolymer prices have fallen precipitously since early December, with German levels dropping by 20 pfennig/kg, to about DM0.90/kg.

  14. Determination of the Relative Amount of Fluorine in Uranium Oxyfluoride Particles using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry and Optical Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kips, R; Kristo, M J; Hutcheon, I D; Amonette, J; Wang, Z; Johnson, T; Gerlach, D; Olsen, K B

    2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Both nuclear forensics and environmental sampling depend upon laboratory analysis of nuclear material that has often been exposed to the environment after it has been produced. It is therefore important to understand how those environmental conditions might have changed the chemical composition of the material over time, particularly for chemically sensitive compounds. In the specific case of uranium enrichment facilities, uranium-bearing particles stem from small releases of uranium hexafluoride, a highly reactive gas that hydrolyzes upon contact with moisture from the air to form uranium oxyfluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) particles. The uranium isotopic composition of those particles is used by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to verify whether a facility is compliant with its declarations. The present study, however, aims to demonstrate how knowledge of time-dependent changes in chemical composition, particle morphology and molecular structure can contribute to an even more reliable interpretation of the analytical results. We prepared a set of uranium oxyfluoride particles at the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM, European Commission, Belgium) and followed changes in their composition, morphology and structure with time to see if we could use these properties to place boundaries on the particle exposure time in the environment. Because the rate of change is affected by exposure to UV-light, humidity levels and elevated temperatures, the samples were subjected to varying conditions of those three parameters. The NanoSIMS at LLNL was found to be the optimal tool to measure the relative amount of fluorine in individual uranium oxyfluoride particles. At PNNL, cryogenic laser-induced time-resolved U(VI) fluorescence microspectroscopy (CLIFS) was used to monitor changes in the molecular structure.

  15. Seventeenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Horne, R.N.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W. (Stanford Geothermal Program)

    1992-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    PREFACE The Seventeenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 29-31, 1992. There were one hundred sixteen registered participants which equaled the attendance last year. Participants were from seven foreign countries: Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Mexico and New Zealand. Performance of many geothermal fields outside the United States was described in the papers. The Workshop Banquet Speaker was Dr. Raffaele Cataldi. Dr. Cataldi gave a talk on the highlights of his geothermal career. The Stanford Geothermal Program Reservoir Engineering Award for Excellence in Development of Geothermal Energy was awarded to Dr. Cataldi. Dr. Frank Miller presented the award at the banquet. Thirty-eight papers were presented at the Workshop with two papers submitted for publication only. Dr. Roland Horne opened the meeting and the key note speaker was J.E. ''Ted'' Mock who discussed the DOE Geothermal R. & D. Program. The talk focused on aiding long-term, cost effective private resource development. Technical papers were organized in twelve sessions concerning: geochemistry, hot dry rock, injection, geysers, modeling, and reservoir mechanics. Session chairmen were major contributors to the program and we thank: Sabodh Garg., Jim Lovekin, Jim Combs, Ben Barker, Marcel Lippmann, Glenn Horton, Steve Enedy, and John Counsil. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank Pat Ota, Ted Sumida, and Terri A. Ramey who also produces the Proceedings Volumes for publication. We owe a great deal of thanks to our students who operate audiovisual equipment and to Francois Groff who coordinated the meeting arrangements for the Workshop. Henry J. Ramey, Jr. Roland N. Horne Frank G. Miller Paul Kruger William E. Brigham Jean W. Cook -vii

  16. SILER: Seismic-Initiated events risk mitigation in Lead-cooled Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forni, M. [ENEA, Via Martin di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); De Grandis, S. [SINTEC, Via Santo Stefano 20, 40125 Bologna (Italy)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SILER is a Collaborative Project, partially funded by the European Commission, aimed at studying the risk associated to seismic initiated events in Generation IV Heavy Liquid Metal reactors and developing adequate protection measures. The attention is focused on the evaluation of the effects of earthquakes (with particular regards to beyond design seismic events) and to the identification of mitigation strategies, acting both on structures and components design (as well as on the development of seismic isolation devices) which can also have positive effects on economics, leading to an high level of plant design standardization. Attention is also devoted to the identification of plant layout solutions able to avoid risks of radioactive release from both the core and other structures (i.e. the spent fuel storage pools). Specific effort is paid to the development of guidelines and design recommendations for addressing the seismic issue in next generation reactor systems. In addition, consideration will be devoted to transfer the knowledge developed in the project to Generation III advanced systems, in line with the objective of the SNE-TP SRA to support present and future Light Water Reactors and their further development, for which safety issues are key aspects to be addressed. Note, in this respect, that the benefits of base isolation in terms of response to design seismic actions are already widely recognized for Generation III LWRs, along with the possibility of a significant standardization of structural and equipment design. SILER activities started on October 1 st 2011 and are carried out by 18 partners: ENEA (Italy, Coordinator), AREVA NP SAS (France), SCK-CEN (Belgium), FIP Industriale (Italy), MAURER SOHENE (Germany), EC-JRC (Ispra (Italy)), SINTEC (Italy), KTH (Sweden), BOA-BKT (Germany), IDOM (Spain), ANSALDO (Italy), IPUL (Latvia), NUMERIA (Italy), VCE (Austria), SRS (Italy), CEA (France), EA (Spain), NUVIA (France). (authors)

  17. Plutonium utilisation in future UK PWRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, G. M.; Worrall, A. [Nexia Solutions Ltd. (Part of the BNFL Group of Companies), Springfield's Works, Preston, Lancashire (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plutonium recycling in the form of Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuels is already a reality in over 30 reactors in Europe (in Belgium, Switzerland, Germany and France). Japan also plans to use MOX in approximately 30% of its reactors in the near future[1]. This paper describes potential near to mid-term disposition strategies for the United Kingdom's stockpile of plutonium. In order to be confident that MOX fuel can be utilised effectively in Pressurised Water Reactors (PWRs) in the UK, details are given of studies carried out recently at Nexia Solutions on PWR cores loaded with MOX containing typical UK plutonium isotopic compositions. Three dimensional steady state neutronic models of a standard Westinghouse four loop PWR design are constructed using state of the art tools (Studsvik of America's Core Management System[2, 3, 4]). Initially, a standard 18-month equilibrium UO{sub 2} fuel cycle is generated, followed by safety analyses and fuel performance calculations to demonstrate its feasibility. This equilibrium UO{sub 2} core is then gradually transitioned through loading patterns containing increasing MOX core loading fractions. Finally, an equilibrium MOX core loading pattern is determined. Technical safety analyses are also carried out on the transition cores and the final equilibrium scenario to ensure that all of the MOX cores are robust from a technical and safety viewpoint. Once these studies are completed the annual fuel throughputs for each scenario can be determined and used to produce options for managing the UK's plutonium stockpile. This work is part of a wider exercise currently being carried out by Nexia Solutions to explore the options for the safe disposition of the UK civil stockpile of separated PUO{sub 2}. (authors)

  18. Measurement of neutron capture on $^{48}$Ca at thermal and thermonuclear energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Beer; C. Coceva; P. V. Sedyshev; Yu. P. Popov; H. Herndl; R. Hofinger; P. Mohr; H. Oberhummer

    1996-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Karlsruhe pulsed 3.75\\,MV Van de Graaff accelerator the thermonuclear $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca(8.72\\,min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 3084.5\\,keV $\\gamma$-ray line of the $^{49}$Ca-decay. Samples of CaCO$_3$ enriched in $^{48}$Ca by 77.87\\,\\% were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 151, 176, and 218\\,keV, respectively. Additionally, the thermal capture cross-section was measured at the reactor BR1 in Mol, Belgium, via the prompt and decay $\\gamma$-ray lines using the same target material. The $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca cross-section in the thermonuclear and thermal energy range has been calculated using the direct-capture model combined with folding potentials. The potential strengths are adjusted to the scattering length and the binding energies of the final states in $^{49}$Ca. The small coherent elastic cross section of $^{48}$Ca+n is explained through the nuclear Ramsauer effect. Spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca have been extracted from the thermal capture cross-section with better accuracy than from a recent (d,p) experiment. Within the uncertainties both results are in agreement. The non-resonant thermal and thermonuclear experimental data for this reaction can be reproduced using the direct-capture model. A possible interference with a resonant contribution is discussed. The neutron spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca determined from shell-model calculations are compared with the values extracted from the experimental cross sections for $^{48}$Ca(d,p)$^{49}$Ca and $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca.

  19. A method for evaluating transport energy consumption in suburban areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marique, Anne-Francoise, E-mail: afmarique@ulg.ac.be; Reiter, Sigrid, E-mail: Sigrid.Reiter@ulg.ac.be

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban sprawl is a major issue for sustainable development. It represents a significant contribution to energy consumption of a territory especially due to transportation requirements. However, transport energy consumption is rarely taken into account when the sustainability of suburban structures is studied. In this context, the paper presents a method to estimate transport energy consumption in residential suburban areas. The study aimed, on this basis, at highlighting the most efficient strategies needed to promote awareness and to give practical hints on how to reduce transport energy consumption linked to urban sprawl in existing and future suburban neighborhoods. The method uses data collected by using empirical surveys and GIS. An application of this method is presented concerning the comparison of four suburban districts located in Belgium to demonstrate the advantages of the approach. The influence of several parameters, such as distance to work places and services, use of public transport and performance of the vehicles, are then discussed to allow a range of different development situations to be explored. The results of the case studies highlight that traveled distances, and thus a good mix between activities at the living area scale, are of primordial importance for the energy performance, whereas means of transport used is only of little impact. Improving the performance of the vehicles and favoring home-work give also significant energy savings. The method can be used when planning new areas or retrofitting existing ones, as well as promoting more sustainable lifestyles regarding transport habits. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The method allows to assess transport energy consumption in suburban areas and highlight the best strategies to reduce it. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Home-to-work travels represent the most important part of calculated transport energy consumption. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Energy savings can be achieved by reducing distances to travel through a good mix between activities at the local scale. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Means of transport used in only of little impact in the studied suburban neighborhoods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Improving the performance of the vehicles and favoring home-work can significant energy savings.

  20. Estimate of the Sources of Plutonium-Containing Wastes Generated from MOX Fuel Production in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudinov, K. G.; Tretyakov, A. A.; Sorokin, Yu. P.; Bondin, V. V.; Manakova, L. F.; Jardine, L. J.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In Russia, mixed oxide (MOX) fuel is produced in a pilot facility ''Paket'' at ''MAYAK'' Production Association. The Mining-Chemical Combine (MCC) has developed plans to design and build a dedicated industrial-scale plant to produce MOX fuel and fuel assemblies (FA) for VVER-1000 water reactors and the BN-600 fast-breeder reactor, which is pending an official Russian Federation (RF) site-selection decision. The design output of the plant is based on a production capacity of 2.75 tons of weapons plutonium per year to produce the resulting fuel assemblies: 1.25 tons for the BN-600 reactor FAs and the remaining 1.5 tons for VVER-1000 FAs. It is likely the quantity of BN-600 FAs will be reduced in actual practice. The process of nuclear disarmament frees a significant amount of weapons plutonium for other uses, which, if unutilized, represents a constant general threat. In France, Great Britain, Belgium, Russia, and Japan, reactor-grade plutonium is used in MOX-fuel production. Making MOX-fuel for CANDU (Canada) and pressurized water reactors (PWR) (Europe) is under consideration in Russia. If this latter production is added, as many as 5 tons of Pu per year might be processed into new FAs in Russia. Many years of work and experience are represented in the estimates of MOX fuel production wastes derived in this report. Prior engineering studies and sludge treatment investigations and comparisons have determined how best to treat Pu sludges and MOX fuel wastes. Based upon analyses of the production processes established by these efforts, we can estimate that there will be approximately 1200 kg of residual wastes subject to immobilization per MT of plutonium processed, of which approximately 6 to 7 kg is Pu in the residuals per MT of Pu processed. The wastes are various and complicated in composition. Because organic wastes constitute both the major portion of total waste and of the Pu to be immobilized, the recommended treatment of MOX-fuel production waste is incineration or calcination, alkali sintering, and dissolution of sintered products in nitric acid. Insoluble residues are then mixed with vitrifying components and Pu sludges, vitrified, and sent for storage and disposal. Implementation of the intergovernmental agreement between Russia and the United States (US) regarding the utilization of 34 tons of weapons plutonium will also require treatment of Pu containing MOX fabrication wastes at the MCC radiochemical production plant.