Sample records for bangladesh dlr gef

  1. Bangladesh-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock time hourly

  2. Kenya-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy ResourcesAerospace Center (DLR) Sector

  3. Kenya-GEF Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas FarmssourceGEF Projects

  4. Global Environment Fund GEF | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF Jump to: navigation, search Name: Global

  5. Turkmenistan-GEF Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas, Texas2022 |Turkmenistan-GEF Projects

  6. Ethiopia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area

  7. Nepal-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to: navigation,SNV-Climate andDLR

  8. Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLR Cooperation Jump to: navigation,

  9. ERK1/2 phosphorylate GEF-H1 to enhance its guanine nucleotide exchange activity toward RhoA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujishiro, Shuh-hei; Tanimura, Susumu; Mure, Shogo; Kashimoto, Yuji; Watanabe, Kazushi [Laboratory of Cell Regulation, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-14, Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521 (Japan); Kohno, Michiaki [Laboratory of Cell Regulation, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-14, Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521 (Japan)], E-mail: kohnom@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

    2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Rho GTPases play an essential role in the regulation of many cellular processes. Although various guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) are involved in the activation of Rho GTPases, the precise mechanism regulating such activity remains unclear. We have examined whether ERK1/2 are involved in the phosphorylation of GEF-H1, a GEF toward RhoA, to modulate its activity. Expression of GEF-H1 in HT1080 cells with constitutive ERK1/2 activation induced its phosphorylation at Thr{sup 678}, which was totally abolished by treating the cells with PD184352, an ERK pathway inhibitor. Stimulation of HeLa S3 cells with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate induced the phosphorylation of GEF-H1 in an ERK-dependent manner. ERK1/2-mediated Thr{sup 678}-phosphorylation enhanced the guanine nucleotide exchange activity of GEF-H1 toward RhoA. These results suggest that the ERK pathway, by enhancing the GEF-H1 activity, contributes to the activation of RhoA to regulate the actin assembly, a necessary event for the induction of cellular responses including proliferation and motility.

  10. Radiative Heat Transfer Analysis of Fibrous Insulation Materials Using the ZonalGEF Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuen, Walter W.

    Radiative Heat Transfer Analysis of Fibrous Insulation Materials Using the Zonal­GEF Method Walter to analyze radiative heat transfer in high porosity insulation materials which have a large scattering for LI900, a material used in the insulation tile for the space shuttle. Comparisons are presented

  11. UNDP-GEF Fuel Cell Bus Programme: Update | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbull HydroUK CentreMechanismGEF Fuel Cell

  12. "Bangladesh Today" BACO Essay Competition, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    Games in 1999 and 2010. Although Bangladesh has many rivers and the majority of the people, especially to learn properly. However, many students work very hard to be successful and therefore prosper

  13. Providing radiometric traceability for the calibration home base of DLR by PTB

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taubert, D. R.; Hollandt, J.; Sperfeld, P.; Pape, S.; Hoepe, A.; Hauer, K.-O. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig und Berlin, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Gege, P.; Schwarzmaier, T.; Lenhard, K.; Baumgartner, A. [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut fuer Methodik der Fernerkundung, 82234 Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany)

    2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A dedicated calibration technique was applied for the calibration of the spectral radiance transfer standard (RASTA) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), consisting of two independent but complementing calibration procedures to provide redundancy and smallest possible calibration uncertainties. Procedure I included two calibration steps: In a first step the optical radiation source of RASTA, an FEL lamp, was calibrated in terms of its spectral irradiance E{sub {lambda}}({lambda}) in the wavelength range from 350 nm to 2400 nm using the PTB Spectral Irradiance Calibration Equipment (SPICE), while in a second step the spectral radiance factor {beta}{sub 0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign }({lambda}) of the RASTA reflection standard was calibrated in a 0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign -viewing geometry in the wavelength range from 350 nm to 1700 nm at the robot-based gonioreflectometer facility of PTB. The achieved relative standard uncertainties (k= 1) range from 0.6 % to 3.2 % and 0.1 % to 0.6 % respectively. Procedure II was completely independent from procedure I and allowed to cover the entire spectral range of RASTA from 350 nm to 2500 nm. In the second procedure, the 0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign -viewing geometry spectral radiance L{sub {lambda},0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign }({lambda}) of RASTA was directly calibrated at the Spectral Radiance Comparator Facility (SRCF) of PTB. The relative uncertainties for this calibration procedure range from 0.8 % in the visible up to 7.5 % at 2500 nm (k= 1). In the overlapping spectral range of both calibration procedures the calculated spectral radiance L{sub {lambda},0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign ,calc}({lambda}) from procedure I is in good agreement with the direct measurement of procedure II, i.e. well within the combined expanded uncertainties (k= 2) of both procedures.

  14. Mutant Huntingtin Alters Cell Fate in Response to Microtubule Depolymerization via the GEF-H1-RhoA-ERK Pathway*S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Brent R.

    Mutant Huntingtin Alters Cell Fate in Response to Microtubule Depolymerization via the GEF-H1-RhoA-ERK- vated ERK survival signaling. The genotype-selective rescue was dependent upon increased RhoA protein

  15. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh Ben Crow andIndia, tensions over water with Pakistan and Bangladesh mayso that both India and Pakistan could use the water, within

  16. Corporate governance reform in a developing country : the case of Bangladesh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobhan, Md. Abdus

    2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh reformed its corporate governance by adopting Bangladesh Corporate Governance Guidelines-2006 (the BCGG-2006 hereafter) due to pressures from international financial institutions (IFIs). However, there is huge ...

  17. Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEF’s extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

  18. People, Policy, and Perpetuity: Sustainability Indicators of Bangladesh Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed; Kabir, M. A.; Hoque, A.T.M. Rafiqul

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National Conference on Forestry, Dhaka, Bangladesh. FAO. (Tropical forest resources, FAO Forestry Paper 30. Rome: FAO.FAO. (1995). Forestry statistics today for tomorrow. Rome:

  19. Land Transport Sector in Bangladesh: An Analysis Toward Motivating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Motivating GHG Emission Reduction Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Land Transport Sector in Bangladesh: An Analysis Toward Motivating GHG Emission Reduction...

  20. Insights into the Molecular Activation Mechanism of the RhoA-specific Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor, PDZRhoGEF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bielnicki, Jakub A.; Shkumatov, Alexander V.; Derewenda, Urszula; Somlyo, Avril V.; Svergun, Dmitri I.; Derewenda, Zygmunt S. (EMBL); (UV)

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    PDZRhoGEF (PRG) belongs to a small family of RhoA-specific nucleotide exchange factors that mediates signaling through select G-protein-coupled receptors via G{alpha}{sub 12/13} and activates RhoA by catalyzing the exchange of GDP to GTP. PRG is a multidomain protein composed of PDZ, regulators of G-protein signaling-like (RGSL), Dbl-homology (DH), and pleckstrin-homology (PH) domains. It is autoinhibited in cytosol and is believed to undergo a conformational rearrangement and translocation to the membrane for full activation, although the molecular details of the regulation mechanism are not clear. It has been shown recently that the main autoregulatory elements of PDZRhoGEF, the autoinhibitory 'activation box' and the 'GEF switch,' which is required for full activation, are located directly upstream of the catalytic DH domain and its RhoA binding surface, emphasizing the functional role of the RGSL-DH linker. Here, using a combination of biophysical and biochemical methods, we show that the mechanism of PRG regulation is yet more complex and may involve an additional autoinhibitory element in the form of a molten globule region within the linker between RGSL and DH domains. We propose a novel, two-tier model of autoinhibition where the activation box and the molten globule region act synergistically to impair the ability of RhoA to bind to the catalytic DH-PH tandem. The molten globule region and the activation box become less ordered in the PRG-RhoA complex and dissociate from the RhoA-binding site, which may constitute a critical step leading to PRG activation.

  1. Activation of p115-RhoGEF Requires Direct Association of G[alpha subscript 13] and the Dbl Homology Domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Zhe; Guo, Liang; Hadas, Jana; Gutowski, Stephen; Sprang, Stephen R.; Sternweis, Paul C. (IIT); (UTSMC); (Montana)

    2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    RGS-containing RhoGEFs (RGS-RhoGEFs) represent a direct link between the G{sub 12} class of heterotrimeric G proteins and the monomeric GTPases. In addition to the canonical Dbl homology (DH) and pleckstrin homology domains that carry out the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity toward RhoA, these RhoGEFs also possess RGS homology (RH) domains that interact with activated {alpha} subunits of G{sub 12} and G{sub 13}. Although the GEF activity of p115-RhoGEF (p115), an RGS-RhoGEF, can be stimulated by G{alpha}{sub 13}, the exact mechanism of the stimulation has remained unclear. Using combined studies with small angle x-ray scattering, biochemistry, and mutagenesis, we identify an additional binding site for activated G{alpha}{sub 13} in the DH domain of p115. Small angle x-ray scattering reveals that the helical domain of G{alpha}{sub 13} docks onto the DH domain, opposite to the surface of DH that binds RhoA. Mutation of a single tryptophan residue in the {alpha}3b helix of DH reduces binding to activated G{alpha}{sub 13} and ablates the stimulation of p115 by G{alpha}{sub 13}. Complementary mutations at the predicted DH-binding site in the {alpha}B-{alpha}C loop of the helical domain of G{alpha}{sub 13} also affect stimulation of p115 by G{alpha}{sub 13}. Although the GAP activity of p115 is not required for stimulation by G{alpha}{sub 13}, two hydrophobic motifs in RH outside of the consensus RGS box are critical for this process. Therefore, the binding of G{alpha}{sub 13} to the RH domain facilitates direct association of G{alpha}{sub 13} to the DH domain to regulate its exchange activity. This study provides new insight into the mechanism of regulation of the RGS-RhoGEF and broadens our understanding of G protein signaling.

  2. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arsenic in drinking water is a major public health problem threatening the lives of over 140 million people worldwide. In Bangladesh alone, up to 57 million people drink arsenic-laden water from shallow wells. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation(ECAR) overcomes many of the obstacles that plague current technologies and can be used affordably and on a small-scale, allowing for rapid dissemination into Bangladesh to address this arsenic crisis. In this work, ECAR was shown to effectively reduce 550 - 580 mu g=L arsenic (including both As[III]and As[V]in a 1:1 ratio) to below the WHO recommended maximum limit of 10 mu g=L in synthetic Bangladesh groundwater containing relevant concentrations of competitive ions such as phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate. Arsenic removal capacity was found to be approximately constant within certain ranges of current density, but was found to change substantially between ranges. In order of decreasing arsenic removal capacity, the pattern was: 0.02 mA=cm2> 0.07 mA=cm2> 0.30 - 1.1 mA=cm2> 5.0 - 100 mA=cm2. Current processing time was found to effect arsenic removal capacity independent of either charge density or current density. Electrode polarization studies showed no passivation of the electrode in the tested range (up to current density 10 mA=cm2) and ruled out oxygen evolution as the cause of decreasing removal capacity with current density. Simple settling and decantation required approximately 3 days to achieve arsenic removal comparable to filtration with a 0.1 mu m membrane. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) showed that (1) there is no significant difference in the arsenic removal mechanism of ECAR during operation at different current densities and (2) the arsenic removal mechanism in ECAR is consistent with arsenate adsorption onto a homogenous Fe(III)oxyhydroxide similar in structure to 2-line ferrihydrite. ECAR effectively reduced high arsenic concentrations (100 - 500 mu g=L) in real Bangladesh tube well water collected from three regions to below the WHO limit of 10 mu g=L. Prototype fabrication and field testing are currently underway.

  3. Bangladesh: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh: Energy Resources Jump

  4. Cyclone shelters and cyclone resilient design in coastal areas of Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Zheng, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh is one of those countries that are most vulnerable to tropical cyclones. In recent decades, cyclone mitigations by the Government of Bangladesh and international organizations have greatly increased the coastal ...

  5. Oncor DLR case study

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked QuestionsDepartmentGas and Oil ResearchEnergyOn October 18th, theHydrogen Study:

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guyana Philippines Bahrain Haiti Qatar Bangladesh India Russia Belarus... Republic of Libya Togo Congo, Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Cuba Madagascar Turkey Cyprus, northern part...

  7. Climate-Resilient Low Emission Development in Bangladesh (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.; Sandor, D.; Butheau, M.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh is widely considered to be one of the nations most threatened by climate change. With two-thirds of the country less than 20 feet above sea level, the intrusion of salt into freshwater wells, frequent flooding, and the displacement of people from their homes is an ongoing threat. At the same time, the country's cities are rapidly growing, and the demand for energy is increasing at a corresponding rate.

  8. Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency Allan H. Smith,1 Elena O. Lingas,2 & Mahfuzar Rahman3 The contamination of groundwater by arsenic in Bangladesh contamination. Studies in other countries where the population has had long-term exposure to arsenic

  9. Transport Policy Note-Bangladesh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower StationTown ofTownNote-Bangladesh Jump to:

  10. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China,solar home systems procurement procedures used in World Bank and GEF-assisted Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China and

  11. Cluster Angewandte Fernerkundung DLR Oberpfaffenhofen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    / heavily polluted air masses as mixtures of 4 basic aerosol components (sulfate/nitrate, mineral dust, sea and differentiates the type of aerosols between continental, maritime, polluted, desert outbreak, and biomass burning

  12. Design Strategies and Preliminary Prototype for a Low-Cost Arsenic Removal System for Rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Qazi, Shefah; Agogino, Alice M.

    2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers have invented a material called ARUBA -- Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash -- that effectively and affordably removes arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater. Through analysis of studies across a range of disciplines, observations, and informal interviews conducted over three trips to Bangladesh, we have applied mechanical engineering design methodology to develop eight key design strategies, which were used in the development of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to removearsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analysed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than US$2/day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  13. The hydrogeochemistry of pond and rice field recharge : implications for the arsenic contaminated aquifers in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Rebecca B

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shallow aquifers in Bangladesh, which provide drinking water for millions and irrigation water for innumerable rice fields, are severely contaminated with geogenic arsenic. Water mass balance calculations show that ...

  14. Sustainable water supply: rainwater harvesting for multistoried residential apartments in dhaka, bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sultana, Farzana

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    rainwater harvesting a logical solution for the arsenic contamination of ground water in Bangladesh (Rahman et al. 2003). Also, the increasing population in the urban as well as rural areas is putting increased load on underground aquifers which is evident...

  15. Effect of hydrological flow pattern on groundwater arsenic concentration in Bangladesh by Khandaker Ashfaque.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashfaque, Khandaker

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Widespread arsenic contamination of groundwater has become a major concern in Bangladesh since the water supply, particularly in rural areas, is heavily dependent on groundwater. However, relative to the extent of research ...

  16. Architecture as evocation of place : thoughts on an architectural "beginning" in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Kazi Khaleed

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a trajectory of a quest of trying to understand certain fundamental notions of architecture, triggered initially by the cultural conditions of Bangladesh: How does an architectural position really find ...

  17. Climate Change and the Preparation of the Government of Bangladesh: Support Environmental Migration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quasem, Saad

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a coastal area that is susceptible to sea level rise and other stresses of climate change, its status as the most densely populated country, crowded cities and rocketing poverty levels-spread mostly across the rural areas, Bangladesh seems...

  18. Impact of population and latrines on fecal contamination of ponds in rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524, United States d Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh f Department of Environmental Science, Barnard College, New York, NY 10027, United States a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 22 September 2010 Received

  19. Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    1 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis not be regarded as the views of SRI or The University of Leeds. #12;3 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural The trend towards multi-dimensional poverty assessment ..................... 5 Principal component analysis

  20. Design of a rural water provision system to decrease arsenic exposure in Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have invented ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) a material that effectively and affordably removes high concentrations of arsenic from contaminated groundwater. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate?bottom ash from coal fired power plants?is a waste material readily available in South Asia. During fieldwork in four sub-districts ofBangladesh, ARUBA reduced groundwater arsenic concentrations as high as 680 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Key results from three trips in Bangladesh and one trip to Cambodia include (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from contaminated water within the first five minutes of contact, andcontinues removing arsenic for 2-3 days; (2) ARUBA?s arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through fractionated dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once); (3) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic concentrations ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well; and (4) the amount of arsenic removed per gram of ARUBA is linearly related to the initial arsenic concentrationof the water. Through analysis of existing studies, observations, and informal interviews in Bangladesh, eight design strategies have been developed and used in the design of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to remove arsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analyzed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than $2 per day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  1. Up to the waist in mud! : the assessment and application of earth-derivative architecture in rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, K. Iftekhar

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is about architecture that uses earth as the prime· building material in the context of rural Bangladesh. In extreme environmental conditions of annual floods, rain and atmospheric humidity, the use of earth, ...

  2. ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan E.A.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Kostecki, Robert

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels> 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

  3. Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Addy, Susan E.A.

    2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate--bottom ash from coal fired power plants--is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing an arsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages.

  4. Effects of technological change in agriculture on distributive justice in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Asif Azam

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , have been intensively diffused in Bangladesh. These inputs have been responsible for large increases in the rice production levels, averaging a yield growth rate of three percent annually. Absoulute income levels for all rural groups have shown a... substantial increase due to the increased production levels. At the same time, a trend toward concentration of land ownership of the relatively wealthy in rural areas has led to progressively increased levels of individuals and families who...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - linet-dlr

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492air Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send

  6. German Aerospace Center (DLR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd toWell2008) | OpenSilver Peak Area (DOE

  7. German Aerospace Center DLR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration < Geothermal Jump to:Geprowind

  8. Degradation rates of CFC-11, CFC-12 and CFC-113 in anoxic shallow aquifers of Araihazar, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, David

    Degradation rates of CFC-11, CFC-12 and CFC-113 in anoxic shallow aquifers of Araihazar, Bangladesh that these compounds are not stable under anaerobic conditions. To determine the degradation rates of CFCs observed in 3 H/3 He dated groundwater were used to estimate degradation rates in the saturated zone

  9. Comparison of arsenic concentrations in simultaneously-collected groundwater and aquifer particles from Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, and Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    particles from Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, and Nepal A. van Geen1* , K. Radloff1 , Z. Aziz1 , Z. Cheng1 , M University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal Submitted to Applied Geochemistry, December 16, 2007 Accepted March 31 age in Vietnam and Nepal. We compare a total of 145 samples ranging in depth from 3 to 36 m that were

  10. Rice Field Geochemistry and Hydrology: An Explanation for Why Groundwater Irrigated Fields in Bangladesh are Net Sinks of Arsenic from Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Rebecca B.

    Irrigation of rice fields in Bangladesh with arsenic-contaminated groundwater transfers tens of cubic kilometers of water and thousands of tons of arsenic from aquifers to rice fields each year. Here we combine observations ...

  11. Feasibility study for thermal treatment of solid tire wastes in Bangladesh by using pyrolysis technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Islam, M.R., E-mail: mrislam1985@yahoo.com [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Rajshahi 6204 (Bangladesh); Joardder, M.U.H.; Hasan, S.M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Rajshahi 6204 (Bangladesh); Takai, K.; Haniu, H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University Corporation Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami City, Hokkaido 090-8507 (Japan)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study on the basis of lab data and available resources in Bangladesh, feasibility study has been carried out for pyrolysis process converting solid tire wastes into pyrolysis oils, solid char and gases. The process considered for detailed analysis was fixed-bed fire-tube heating pyrolysis reactor system. The comparative techno-economic assessment was carried out in US$ for three different sizes plants: medium commercial scale (144 tons/day), small commercial scale (36 tons/day), pilot scale (3.6 tons/day). The assessment showed that medium commercial scale plant was economically feasible, with the lowest unit production cost than small commercial and pilot scale plants for the production of crude pyrolysis oil that could be used as boiler fuel oil and for the production of upgraded liquid-products.

  12. The strontium isotopic budget of Himalayan rivers in Nepal and Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galy, A. [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques] [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques; France-Lanord, C. [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques] [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques; [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences; Derry, L.A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences] [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Himalayan rivers have very unusual Sr characteristics and their budget cannot be achieved by simple mixing between silicate and carbonate even if carbonates are radiogenic. The authors present Sr, O, and C isotopic data from river and rain water, bedload, and bedrock samples for the western and central Nepal Himalaya and Bangladesh, including the monsoon season. Central Himalayan rivers receive Sr from several sources: carbonate and clastic Tethyan sediments, High Himalayan Crystalline (HHC) gneisses and granitoids with minor marbles, carbonates and metasediments of the Lesser Himalaya (LH), and Miocene-Recent foreland basin sediment from the Siwaliks group and the modern flood plain. In the Tethyan Himalaya rivers have dissolved [Sr] {approx} 6 {micro}mol/l and {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.717, with a large contribution from moderately radiogenic carbonate. Rivers draining HHC gneisses are very dilute with [Sr] {approx} 0.2 {micro}mol/l and {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.74. Lesser Himalayan streams also have low [Sr] {approx} 0.4 {micro}mol/l and are highly radiogenic ({sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {ge} 0.78). Highly radiogenic carbonates of the LH do not contribute significantly to the Sr budget because they are sparse and have very low [Sr]. In large rivers exiting the Himalaya, Sr systematics can be modeled as a mixture between Tethyan rivers, where slightly radiogenic carbonates (mean {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.715) are the main source of Sr, and Lesser Himalaya waters, where extremely radiogenic silicates (> 0.8) are the main source of Sr. HHC waters are less important because of their low [Sr]. Rivers draining the Siwaliks foreland basin sediments have [Sr] {approx} 4 {micro}mol/l and {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.725. Weathering of silicates in the Siwaliks and the flood plain results in a probably significant radiogenic (0.72--0.74) input to the Ganges and Brahamputra (G-B), but quantification of this flux is limited by uncertainties in the hydrologic budget. The G-B in Bangladesh show strong seasonal variability with low [Sr] and high {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr during the monsoon. Sr in the Brahmaputra ranges from 0.9 {micro}mol/l and 0.722 in March to 0.3 {micro}mol/l and 0.741 in August. The authors estimate the seasonally weighted flux from the G-B to be 6.5 {times} 10{sup 8} mol/yr with {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr = 0.7295.

  13. Characterization of RopGEFs in maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ah Young

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dedicator of Cytokinesis) proteins lack the conventional DHThe lack of correspondence between maize proteins recognizedlack of chaperones leading to incorrect folding of proteins

  14. Global Environment Facility (GEF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd toWell2008)Information GlobalGlobal

  15. Global Environment Facility (GEF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd toWell2008)Information GlobalGlobalGlobal

  16. Impact of mineralogy on potassium dynamics and retention behavior in Bangladesh soils used in rice cropping systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Sumitra Bose

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal. 2 Most soils in the IGP, including those in Bangladesh, are usually regarded as high in K due to high rainfall, irrigation water and release from K-rich clay minerals (Dobermann et al., 1996a, 1996b, 1999). Potassium removal is large... of the Indo-Gangetic alluvial plains in India is derived from K feldspars and micas (Sidhu, 1984). Microcline and orthoclase are representative of K feldspars in these soils. Mica minerals present are muscovite and biotite in the coarser fractions...

  17. Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh concerning Education, Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh concerning Education, Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

  18. NIH Loan Repayment Programs THE DLR DATA BOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    Repayment Programs Table of Contents Extramural Loan Repayment Programs The Year in Review 1 The Five The Year in Review In Fiscal Year (FY) 2008, 3,377 individuals applied to the five Extramural Loan

  19. German Aerospace Center (DLR)Feed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd toWell2008) | OpenSilver Peak Area (DOEGerman

  20. China-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here.TelluricPower International New Energy Holding

  1. Jordan-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New Energy Co LtdJinzhouJoeSolar, Wind Topics

  2. Tunisia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinity Thermal SystemsInformationBank, Asianen/

  3. Ghana-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration < Geothermal JumpGermany: Energy

  4. Algeria-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwikiAgouraAlbatech srl JumpSolar, Wind Topics

  5. UNEP-GEF Renewable Energy Project Financial Risk Management in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Financial Risk Management 1 "This UNEPGEF targeted research project aims to catalyse new thinking in the risk management area, examining existing instruments and approaches and...

  6. Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  7. GEF-Colombia-Geothermal Energy Grant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFife EnergyFreightFulongFuturoGEA Wiegand

  8. Investing in Sustainable Transport and Urban Systems: The GEF Experience |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInterias Solar Energy Jump to:IESInterval Data SystemsInves PozoOpen

  9. GEF-Knowledge Management Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms A S JumpWindfarmFundicion NodularGermany

  10. UNDP/GEF-Cambodia-Sustainable Forest Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas,UGI UtilitiesInformation

  11. Armenia-GEF Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture andsoftware andSolar Center Jump to:ArkName

  12. Bangladesh S M Ullah

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock time hourly global

  13. A SIMULATION ASSESSMENT OF THE HEIGHT OF LIGHT SHELVES TO ENHANCE DAYLIGHTING QUALITY IN TROPICAL OFFICE BUILDINGS UNDER OVERCAST SKY CONDITIONS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Md. Ashikur; Rahman Joarder; Zebun Nasreen Ahmed; Andrew Price; Monjur Mourshed

    The objective of this paper is to highlight the effectiveness of light shelves in tropical office buildings to enhance interior daylighting quality. Daylight simulation was performed for custom light shelves for a typical office floor of Dhaka City in Bangladesh, to determine the best possible location under overcast sky conditions. Six alternative models of a 3m high study space were created with varying heights of light shelves. The 3D models were first generated in the Ecotect to study the distribution and uniformity of daylight in the interior space with splitflux method. These models were then exported to a physically-based backward raytracer, Radiance Synthetic Imaging software to generate realistic lighting levels for validating and crosschecking the Ecotect results. The results showed that for achieving light levels closest to specified standards, light shelves at a height of 2m above floor level perform better among the seven alternatives studied including the alternative where no light shelves are present. Finally, the decisions were verified with DAYSIM simulation program to ensure the compliance of the decisions with dynamic annual climate-based daylight performance metrics.

  14. 13th ONERA-DLR Aerospace Symposium 27th to 29th May, 2013 -Palaiseau, France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    neutral, no net current is drawn from the thruster, hence the term current-free. This is interesting in the expansion region of the plasma [11], [6], [12] have been investigated using a fluid model of the expanding

  15. Collision Detection and Safe Reaction with the DLR-III Lightweight Manipulator Arm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Luca, Alessandro

    are providing hw/sw facilities for prescribing safe Cartesian areas that should not be accessed by the robot the impact phase may be alleviated by pursuing a lightweight robot design [5], by adding soft visco Aerospace Center Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics P.O. Box 1116, D-82230 Wessling, Germany {alin

  16. Bangladesh: Case Studies Bangladesh: Case Studies Renewable Energy Research Centre, Dhaka University, Bangladesh

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock

  17. Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy Generation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCNInformation USPerseus LLC (NewPersuand End-Use

  18. China Renewable Energy Scale up Program CRESP GOC WB GEF | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:Information ChinaChina New Energy Ltd

  19. Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy Generation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergy International Limited Jump to:Perrysburg, Ohio:Countriesand

  20. UNEP-GEF Renewable Energy Project Financial Risk Management in Developing

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpType B:7-15:WebJump(FIRM) | Open

  1. 12TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON FLOW VISUALIZATION September 10-14, 2006, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Gttingen, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbe, Christoph S.

    of a microfluidic system was enabled by Planar Spontaneous Raman Scattering (PSRS). It was utilized that different, strongly benefit from small system volumes and substantially faster analysis times enabled by microfluidic covers the development of two procedures, which provide comprehensive information about microfluidic

  2. 12TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON FLOW VISUALIZATION September 10-14, 2006, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Gttingen, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbe, Christoph S.

    OF MICROFLUIDIC FLOWS Christoph Garbe1 , Karsten Roetmamm2 , Bernd Jähne1 1Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific: Optical Flow, Microfluidic, Molecular Tagging Velocimetry ABSTRACT A new approach for estimating motion in microfluidic flows is presented. Is is based on an extension of the brightness changes constraint equation

  3. Cooperative Bin-Picking with Time-of-Flight Camera and Impedance Controlled DLR Lightweight Robot III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    is characterized by all-purpose industrial robots replacing man- power for mass production. These robots perform industrial robotic generation will be characterized by highly sensorized light- weight robots

  4. 12TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON FLOW VISUALIZATION September 10-14, 2006, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Gttingen, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Robert C.

    pattern that when viewed in the cross flow plane resembles the classic von Karman vortex street. Finally the angle of attack to the range of 20-50 degrees, the vortex pattern is typically asymmetrical but steady. Vortex patterns on a fore-body shape as a function of angle of attack. The flight regime for which

  5. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of EGA sludge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195As mapping of EGA sludge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chemical analysis of waste EGA sludge . . . . . . . . .

  6. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economics, 85 (1-2), 349–349. Mameri, N. , Yeddou, A. R. ,et al. , 2001), ?uorine (Mameri et al. , 1998), polymericThis e?ect was noted by Mameri et al. (1998) while studying

  7. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iron XANES and XRF-maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198210 4.3.3 XRF Fe-As mapping of EGA213 XRF bicolor map of EGA powder. In this picture, each

  8. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total sludge produced after ECAR treatment of syntheticladen EGA sludge generated by ECAR treatment in syntheticsludge and the surface of the iron electrode after ECAR treatment 5 of SBGW-1 synthetic

  9. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2-line ferrihydrite (2L FH), goethite, and scorodite. Arrows6-line ferrihydrite, goethite, lepidocrocite, and akaganeiteof arsenate on/from goethite. Soil Science, 166 (3), 197–

  10. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalent circuit used in EIS analysis to measureImpedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The cell contained a platinumtransient voltammetry and EIS) and analysis of reaction

  11. Municipal Wastewater Characteristics of Sylhet City, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Raquibul; Ahmed, Mushtaq; Chowdhury, Md. Aktarul Islam; Nath, Suman Kanti

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biological treatment of the sewage. According to the Metcalf & Eddy (1995), a standard reference for wastewater treatment

  12. Bangladesh-NAMA Concepts | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagley PublicMaryland:Woburn,(CTI

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate change model predicts 33 % rice yield decrease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh, Bangladesh M. R. Karim (*) House-17

  14. People, Policy, and Perpetuity: Sustainability Indicators of Bangladesh Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed; Kabir, M. A.; Hoque, A.T.M. Rafiqul

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001). Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000. Rome: FAO.and natural resources assessment. Washington, DC: Worldfigure stated in Forest resource Assessment 2000 (FAO, 2001)

  15. Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    of Hindus. Pakistan had two parts, East and West, which were separated by about 1,000 miles. East Pakistan cyclone hit East Pakistan in 1970. It was called the Bhola Cyclone. It killed about 500,000 people wrought by the cyclone. This caused enormous misery in East Pakistan. The War The Awami League, led

  16. Policy Agenda for Addressing Climate Change in Bangladesh: Copenhagen...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    gas (GHG) emissions could rise by 25 - 90 percent by 2030 relative to 2000 The Earth could warm by 3 C by 2100 best estimates indicate that the 3 2100. Even if countries...

  17. Microcredit Program Participation and Household Food Security in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    and per capita calorie consumption, reduces the incidence of food poverty and the prevalence the impact of participation status on different measures of food insecurity -- household calorie consumption and consumption (Dercon and Krishnan, 2000; Dostie et al., 2002; Khandker et al., 2012). Income from non

  18. algeria bangladesh egypt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the radiation protection programme. Body monitoring can be placed into two categories by energy: 1) low energy ( 100 keV) photon emitting radionuclides. The former category...

  19. Arsenic in groundwater in Bangladesh: A geostatistical and epidemiological framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    concentrations in deep wells remain relatively low. INDEX TERMS: 1831 Hydrology: Groundwater quality; 6309 Policy Sciences: Decision making under uncertainty; 6304 Policy Sciences: Benefit-cost analysis; 1829 Hydrology al., 1968], northern China [Wang, 1984], Vietnam [Berg et al., 2001], Argentina [Hopenhayn- Rich et

  20. Bangladesh-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS,...

  1. A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergy InformationOfandInformation Synthesis of

  2. Policy Agenda for Addressing Climate Change in Bangladesh: Copenhagen and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformation to Reduce Emissions from the

  3. Renewable Energy Policy of Bangladesh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys HoldingsRenewable Energy

  4. Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program - Bangladesh | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformation Other4Q07) Wind FarmsourceScenarios

  5. Bangladesh-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagley PublicMaryland:Woburn,(CTI PFAN) |

  6. Bangladesh-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagley PublicMaryland:Woburn,(CTI PFAN)

  7. Bangladesh-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagley

  8. Land Transport Sector in Bangladesh: An Analysis Toward Motivating GHG

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea PartsLLNLLaizhouLand O Lakes Inc Jump

  9. Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energy

  10. Bangladesh-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock time hourly(EC-LEDS) |

  11. Bangladesh-Feed the Future | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock time hourly(EC-LEDS) |

  12. Bangladesh-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock time hourly(EC-LEDS)

  13. Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock timeInformation

  14. Bangladesh-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems Jump

  15. Bangladesh-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems Jump

  16. Bangladesh-USAID Climate Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems JumpUSAID Climate Activities

  17. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh Moldova Belarus Mongolia Belgium Morocco BoliviaAustria Mexico Bangladesh Mongolia Belgium Morocco BoliviaAustralia Mexico Austria Mongolia Bangladesh Morocco Belgium

  18. Radiative forcing since preindustrial times due to ozone change in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Underlying GCM/Meteorology ULAQ CCM University of L’Aquilaet al. , 2002) DLR E39C CCM DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany V.hPa GCM (ECHAM) NCAR MACCM CCM NCAR Boulder J. -F. Lamarque

  19. Michael.Gensch @ DESY.DE (First) Photondiagnostic of the FIR Undulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powermeter (currently under development by HASYLAB in collaboration with external groups: BESSY, FELBE, DLR under development in collaboration with external groups: BESSY, FELBE, DLR, PTB and DESY-FLA) } ONLINE

  20. Enabling Technologies for Personal Aerial Transportation Systems A progress report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Technology and Germany's national research centre for aeronautics and space DLR. http://www.mycopter.eu #12;

  1. The ESA ENVISOLAR project: Experience on the commercial use of Earth observation based solar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    , Lucien Wald7 , Antoine Zelenka8 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) e.V., Oberpfaffenhofen

  2. Training Traditional Birth Attendants in Bangladesh: A New Model for Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowen, Tami S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    traditional birth attendant training improve referral ofA, Finger, W.R. TBA training may reduce Maternal Mortality.Complications:does training traditional birth attendants

  3. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    point, here we focus on India's policy of bilateralism, andRose, L. (1987). India's regional policy: nonmilitarypolicy interests by improving cooperation between India and

  4. The Bangladesh Risk of Acute Vascular Events (BRAVE) Study: objectives and design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Rajiv; Alam, Dewan S.; Fakir, Ismail Ibrahim; Adnan, Sheikh Daud; Naheed, Aliya; Tasmin, Ishrat; Monower, Md Mostafa; Hossain, Farzana; Hossain, Fatema Mahjabin; Rahman, Md Mostafizur; Afrin, Sadia; Roy, Anjan Kumar; Akter, Minara; Sume, Sima Akter; Biswas, Ajoy Kumer; Pennells, Lisa; Surendran, Praveen; Young, Robin D.; Spackman, Sarah A.; Hasan, Khaled; Harshfield, Eric; Sheikh, Nasir; Houghton, Richard; Saleheen, Danish; Howson, Joanna M. M.; Butterworth, Adam S.; Raqib, Rubhana; Majumder, Abdulla Al Shafi; Danesh, John; Di Angelantonio, Emanuele

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Meat and poultry Chicken, eggs, liver, beef, mutton, and lamb Type of chicken, e.g., caged (farmed) or free-range (deshi); method of cooking, e.g., grilled or curried Fish Type and amount of fish Source such as sweet or saline water fish Dairy Milk... chil- ling) to sample separation (with immediate freezing) was about 15 min. The median (interquartile range) time recorded between the time of participant’s last meal and blood collection was 4.2 (2.4–7.3) h. 48 % of participants reported living...

  5. Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: prospective cohort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    13 million residents in the United States.1 Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer Death from cardiovascular disease. Results 198 people died from diseases of circulatory system, accounting for 43% of total mortality in the population. The mortality rate for cardiovascular disease

  6. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

  7. Mineralogical and chemical variability of fluvial sediments 1. Bedload sand (GangaBrahmaputra, Bangladesh)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    Mineralogical and chemical variability of fluvial sediments 1. Bedload sand (Ganga textural, petrographical, mineralogical and chemical data, and in the quantitative description and modeling of relationships among mineralogical and chemical variables for each sample and each grain-size class in each

  8. Suspended sediment transport in the Ganges-Brahmaputra River System, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Stephanie Kimberly

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An examination of suspended sediment concentrations throughout the Ganges-Brahmaputra River System was conducted to assess the spatial variability of river sediment in the world’s largest sediment dispersal system. During the high-discharge monsoon...

  9. DESIGN OF A RURAL WATER PROVISION SYSTEM TO DECREASE ARSENIC EXPOSURE IN BANGLADESH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    in fractions versus all at once); (3) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic concentrations ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to remove arsenic from drinking water. We have constructed

  10. Policy Implications and Implementation of Environmental ICTPs in Developing States: Examples from Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Mahbubul; Rashid, A.Z.M. Manzoor; Furukawa, Yasushi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to other national environmental and conservation planningof environmental conventions related to the conservation ofconservation of environment and forest are: National Environmental

  11. Meaning in architecture : an investigation of the indigenous environment in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haq, Saif-ul

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A meaningful environment forms a necessary and essential part of a meaningful existence. Meaning is an interpretive problem, and meaning in architecture is difficult to grasp. Theoretical insights into meaning have to be ...

  12. ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addy, Susan E.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemosphere, 55(9): 1245-1252. Mameri, N. et al. , 1998. "et al. , 2000), and fluorine (Mameri et al. , 1998) among

  13. Policy Implications and Implementation of Environmental ICTPs in Developing States: Examples from Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Mahbubul; Rashid, A.Z.M. Manzoor; Furukawa, Yasushi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, Brussels.Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response andPrevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil, London. Signed (

  14. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

  15. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New York: American Book Company. Buss, D. M. Love acts: Theto be older than women (Buss 1988, 1989; Baron and Byrnein mate selection (Buss, 1988a). In cross-cultural

  16. Low-Carbon Society Development: Towards 2025 in Bangladesh | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobsPlans: Advancing

  17. Bangladesh-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont: Energyclock time

  18. Bangladesh-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems Jump to:BaltimoreBangkok,Open

  19. A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Name A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Agency...

  20. Global Assessments and Guidelines for Sustainable Liquid Biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Assessments and Guidelines for Sustainable Liquid Biofuel Production in Developing Countries Biofuel Production in Developing Countries FINAL REPORT A GEF Targeted Research Project Organized by Bernd for Sustainable Liquid Biofuels. A GEF Targeted Research Project. Heidelberg/Paris/Utrecht/Darmstadt, 29 February

  1. Universit degli Studi di Genova Anno accademico 2013-14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Università degli Studi di

    Nziecky Bruslin Christ Congo Plaku Besin Albania Rabby Farhad Ben Ahamed Bangladesh Richard Jude Nigeria

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_MITCH_HEMBREE_NMMSS_2014_Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Argentina Australia Bangladesh Brazil Canada China Colombia Egypt European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) Indonesia India ...

  3. Nutrient and Residue Management for Improving Productivity and N Use Efficiency of Rice-Wheat-Mungbean Systems in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, Md. Ilias

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thus, our results showed that PRB with straw retention canon permanent raised beds (PRB) compared with those grown onand soil properties on PRB • assess N level effects on

  4. Exploring scaling up community-based adaptation: A case study with the PRODUCE Project in Rangpur, Bangladesh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsoyo, Dwi, L. R.

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    is an approach to respond to these immediate impacts by adjusting the natural or human systems in response to actual impacts of climate change. Community-based adaptation (CBA) is a bottom-up and development-oriented view of adaptation that accommodates...

  5. Fluvial facies architecture in small-scale river systems in the Upper Dupi Tila Formation, northeast Bengal Basin, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    Fluvial facies architecture in small-scale river systems in the Upper Dupi Tila Formation small-scale fining-upward cycles (average 4.5 m thick). Facies architectural elements include channel. Understanding of facies architecture and sand body geometry of this Formation is crucial in examining the issue

  6. Improving robot manipulation through fingertip perception Alexis Maldonado, Humberto Alvarez, Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , clockwise): Fingertip sensor, SPI controller, FLOSS-JTAG. Right: A 3D-printed fingertip for the DLR/HIT Hand

  7. Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2012 June 11-15, 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -68325 REDUCING THE DEMAND OF COOLANT AT THE SIDEWALL OF A HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE CASCADE BY MEANS OF SLOT WIDTH MODULATION Michael Woopen Institute of Propulsion Technology Turbine Department German Aerospace Center (DLR Turbine Department German Aerospace Center (DLR) G¨ottingen, Germany Peter-Anton Gieß Institute

  8. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy in China. ” Renewable Energy 36 (5): 1374-1378. Chen,GoC/World Bank/GEF China Renewable Energy Scale-up Programwind power systems. ” Renewable Energy 35: 218-225. Lechon

  9. AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION NETWORK FOR THE GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Annex II Workshop Programme Annex III Composition of Task Forces Annex IV Opening and Closing Addresses Foundation ABSP Agricultural Biotechnology Support Programme ADP Agricultural Development Project ARI Global Development Alliance GEF Global Environmental Facility GM Genetically Modified GMO Genetically

  10. A Second-Site Noncomplementation Screen for Modifiers of Rho1 Signaling during Imaginal Disc Morpogenesis in Drosophila

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patch, Kistie; Stewart, Shannon; Welch, Aaron; Ward, Robert

    2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    +/+ RhoGEF2 11-3b 21 31 (239) 25 75 (61) Rho1 E3.10 +/+ RhoGEF2 11-3b 21 20 (143) 25 20 (30) Rho1 k02107b +/+ RhoGEF2 11-3b 21 80 (5) 25 100 (9) Rho1 J3.8 +/+ RhoGEF2 11-3b 21 55 (62) 25 91 (22) Rho1 E(br)246 +/+ zip E(br) 21 50 (82) 25 66 (44) Rho1 E...(br)233 +/+ zip E(br) 21 20 (102) 25 66 (29) Rho1 E3.10 +/+ zip E(br) 21 ND 25 33 (12) Rho1 k02107b +/+ zip E(br) 21 ND 25 ND Rho1 J3.8 +/+ zip E(br) 21 95 (20) 25 97 (30) a Balanced, Rho heterozygous mutant virgin females were crossed to either w 1118...

  11. ISSN 2045-5577 ORDER: GOD'S, MAN'S AND NATURE'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartwright, Nancy

    ;2 The Bangladesh Project was modelled on TINP. But Bangladesh's project had little success. A Save the Children UK for poverty as scientifically-based as prescriptions for disease."2 MIT's Esther Duflo is one of the leaders

  12. 22 23 26 30 Aufteilung der intern. Gastwissenschaflterinnen/Gastwissenschaftler (inkl. Doktoranden) auf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habel, Annegret

    Australien 6 Kroatien 1 Ungarn 1 Bangladesh 1 Kuba 5 USA 13 Belgien 1 Libanon 1 Usbekistan 2 Brasilien 4

  13. International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, December 26-28, 2001, Dhaka, Bangladesh/pp. IV 37-40 Section IV: Fluid Mechanics 37

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    on gas wells, asserted that field measurements of the time it takes for a pressure disturbance at one/pp. IV 37-40 Section IV: Fluid Mechanics 37 ROLES OF PRESSURE AND FLOW RATE IN DEFINING THE RADIUS through the well bore, pressure changes occur everywhere within certain region around the well bore

  14. International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, December 26-28, 2001, Dhaka, Bangladesh/pp. I 149-151 Section I: Energy 149

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    /pp. I 149-151 Section I: Energy 149 WORLDWIDE LNG DEMAND AND SUPPLY SCENARIO Mohammed Enamul Hossain are increasing in the present day. With the increase of supply facilities and efficient technical support of LNG, its demand is also continuously increasing. As a result, the use of LNG is taking an important place

  15. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    Center (DLR), Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany n Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR. Lake Ave., Suite 104, Pasadena, CA 911006, USA m Institute of Planetary Research, German Aerospace

  16. Infrared Beamline to Experimental Hall (IBTEH?) M. Gensch (HASYLAB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , P. Schmüser, B. Schmidt (FLA) H. W Hübers (DLR) U. Schade (BESSY) A. Winter, W. Seidel (FZ requirements: · as close as possible to particle free UHV specs · avoid conflicts with normal FLASH run when

  17. 3, 32673299, 2003 Relative humidity and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are (IPA, Sweden 3 Dalhousie University, Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Halifax, Nova Scotia

  18. atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China, India, South Africa and Korea Wha: The Challenge of Adaptation to Climate Change Case Studies from Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India, South Africa 317 SPECIAL ISSUE...

  19. CX-010258: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bangladesh Meteorological Instrumentation Installation CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  20. Faculty of Graduate Studies Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Stephen

    's Bangladesh Second Class Upper Honours MA, MSc, MComm, BSc (Eng.), BArch Bosnia-Herzegovina 7.5 (1-10 scale

  1. Berea College Geographical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Armenia 0 1 1Azerbaijan 0 1 1Bangladesh 0 1 1Bhutan 0 1 1Bosnia & Hercegovina 0 2 2Brazil 1 4 5Bulgaria 0

  2. Thermal hydraulic calculations to support increase in operating power in McClellan Nuclear Radiation Center(MNRC) TRIGA reactor.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, R. T.; Newell, Daniel L.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to 2.0 MW. The calculation results show the reactor to havecalculations performed by others. Core loading data and measured fhel temperatures for a Bangladesh reactor

  3. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  4. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  5. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

  6. Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  7. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  8. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  9. The energy sector in Sri Lanka is currently a hotbed of activity and change. A reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    people have access to grid-based electricity, and the average electrification rate in rural areas needs of the off- grid rural population will be met. There is a World Bank/GEF funded program in place, 2002). As things stand, the means and mechanisms for extending power ser- vices to rural areas has yet

  10. SCIENCE sciencemag.org 5 DECEMBER 2014 VOL 346 ISSUE 6214 1191 Lysosomal lumen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    SCIENCE sciencemag.org 5 DECEMBER 2014 · VOL 346 ISSUE 6214 1191 Lysosomal lumen Amino acid deprivation Amino acid stimulation mTORC1 (inactive) mTORC1 (active) GATOR2 GDP Rheb Amino acids GEF activity processes required for growth. In the past 20 years, the mechanistic tar- get of the mechanistic target

  11. CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Carl E. Pray

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    /67-2/68 EXPERIENCE Visiting Scholar, Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Energy Biosciences and the pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs for Bangladesh Ministry of Agriculture and Bangladesh Planning1 CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Carl E. Pray Title: Professor II Address: Department of Agricultural, Food

  12. Dynamic Line Rating: Research and Policy Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jake P. Gentle; Kurt S. Myers; Michael R. West

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) is a smart grid technology that allows the rating of electrical conductors to be increased based on local weather conditions. Overhead lines are conventionally given a conservative rating based on worst case scenarios. We demonstrate that observing the conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. This paper provides a report of a pioneering scheme in the United States of America in which DLR has been applied. Thereby, we demonstrate that observing the local weather conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. Secondly, we discuss limitations involved. In doing so, we arrive at novel insights which will inform and improve future DLR projects. Third, we provide a policy background and discussion to clarify the technology’s potential and identifies barriers to the imminent adoption of dynamic line rating systems. We provide suggestions for regulatory bodies about possible improvements in policy to encourage adoption of this beneficial technology.

  13. Dynamic Line Rating Oncor Electric Delivery Smart Grid Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Justin; Smith, Cale; Young, Mike; Donohoo, Ken; Owen, Ross; Clark, Eddit; Espejo, Raul; Aivaliotis, Sandy; Stelmak, Ron; Mohr, Ron; Barba, Cristian; Gonzalez, Guillermo; Malkin, Stuart; Dimitrova, Vessela; Ragsdale, Gary; Mitchem, Sean; Jeirath, Nakul; Loomis, Joe; Trevino, Gerardo; Syracuse, Steve; Hurst, Neil; Mereness, Matt; Johnson, Chad; Bivens, Carrie

    2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric transmission lines are the lifeline of the electric utility industry, delivering its product from source to consumer. This critical infrastructure is often constrained such that there is inadequate capacity on existing transmission lines to efficiently deliver the power to meet demand in certain areas or to transport energy from high-generation areas to high-consumption regions. When this happens, the cost of the energy rises; more costly sources of power are used to meet the demand or the system operates less reliably. These economic impacts are known as congestion, and they can amount to substantial dollars for any time frame of reference: hour, day or year. There are several solutions to the transmission constraint problem, including: construction of new generation, construction of new transmission facilities, rebuilding and reconductoring of existing transmission assets, and Dynamic Line Rating (DLR). All of these options except DLR are capital intensive, have long lead times and often experience strong public and regulatory opposition. The Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP) project co-funded by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Oncor Electric Delivery Company developed and deployed the most extensive and advanced DLR installation to demonstrate that DLR technology is capable of resolving many transmission capacity constraint problems with a system that is reliable, safe and very cost competitive. The SGDP DLR deployment is the first application of DLR technology to feed transmission line real-time dynamic ratings directly into the system operation’s State Estimator and load dispatch program, which optimizes the matching of generation with load demand on a security, reliability and economic basis. The integrated Dynamic Line Rating (iDLR)1 collects transmission line parameters at remote locations on the lines, calculates the real-time line rating based on the equivalent conductor temperature, ambient temperature and influence of wind and solar radiation on the stringing section, transmits the data to the Transmission Energy Management System, validates its integrity and passes it on to Oncor and ERCOT (Electric Reliability Council of Texas) respective system operations. The iDLR system is automatic and transparent to ERCOT System Operations, i.e., it operates in parallel with all other system status telemetry collected through Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) employed across the company.

  14. World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE ASSESSMENT AND SITE EVALUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE, Germany ** German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 and diffuse irradiance model of Dumortier [5]. Both use

  15. Status Report 2004 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    ) Model at DLR-DFD. center: Cloud index image with motion vectorfield based on Meteosat-7 data (Oldenburg of the corresponding Helmholtz activity ,,Energy Meteorology ­ Remote Sensing and Atmospheric Physics for an EfficientStatus Report 2004 ­ 2007 Remote SenSing and atmoSpheRic phySicS foR an efficient USe of Renewable

  16. Friction Observer and Compensation for Control of Robots with Joint Torque Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Luca, Alessandro

    Friction Observer and Compensation for Control of Robots with Joint Torque Measurement Luc Le Tien-- In this paper we introduce a friction observer for robots with joint torque sensing (in particular for the DLR. The observer output corresponds to the low-pass filtered friction torque. It is used for friction compensation

  17. MODE SELECTIVE ACTUATOR-SENSOR SYSTEM FOR LAMB WAVE-BASED STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODE SELECTIVE ACTUATOR-SENSOR SYSTEM FOR LAMB WAVE-BASED STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING Daniel Braunschweig, Germany daniel.schmidt@dlr.de ABSTRACT Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) based on Lamb waves is developed. KEYWORDS : Structural health monitoring, Lamb waves, higher order plate theory, actuator

  18. 6, 56715709, 2006 Hemispheric ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 6, 5671­5709, 2006 Hemispheric ozone variability indices T. Erbertseder et al. Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Hemispheric ozone variability indices derived from satellite observations.erbertseder@dlr.de) 5671 #12;ACPD 6, 5671­5709, 2006 Hemispheric ozone variability indices T. Erbertseder et al. Title Page

  19. (A-13-015-00) National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IG-14-022 (A-13-015-00) National Aeronautics and Space Administration OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL SOFIA: NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy OFFICE OF AUDITS AUDIT REPORT JULY 9, 2014 #12;REPORT NO. IG-14-022 Final report released by: Paul K. Martin Inspector General Acronyms DLR

  20. is an open-source software suite for Partial Differential Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    -physics simulations · Adaptive, goal-oriented mesh refinement and sliding meshes Documentation and a full description.stanford.edu Analyze. Optimize. Design! DLR-F6 static pressure contours Sample Unstructured High-Fidelity Analysis and Optimization Baseline and Final N+2 surface pressure The New Open-Source CFD code

  1. 1International Conference on Resource Efficiency in Interorganizational Networks, Pauliner Church, Gttingen, 2013 International Conference on Resource Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wardetzky, Max

    Academy of Sciences · German Primate Center · German Aerospace Center (DLR) Max Planck Institutes · for Biophysical Chemistry · for Dynamics and Self-Organization · for Experimental Medicine · for Solar System resources has increased significantly in recent years ­ mainly towards energy crops Wouldn't it be better

  2. Space Sci Rev (2010) 153: 485510 DOI 10.1007/s11214-010-9646-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    heating of the rock compo- nent, additional contributions such as the dissipation of tidal energy ( ) Institute of Planetary Research, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Rutherfordstr. 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany e. Keywords Outer solar system · Water oceans · Oceanic composition · Chemical evolution · Organic compounds

  3. Use of OCA and APOLLO in Heliosat-4 method for the assessment of surface downwelling solar irradiance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the German Aerospace Center (DLR), for the assessment of surface downwelling solar irradiance (SSI). Each-based assessments of surface downwelling solar irradiance (SSI) are more and more used in the domain of solar energy, diffuse and direct surface irradiance for use in various domains: solar energy, biomass, agriculture

  4. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-9360-4, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tech and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), aiming at estimating surface downwelling solar irradiance (SSI of cloudless shortwave solar spectra incident on horizontal, tilted, or tracking surfaces, Solar energy, vol irradiance database for worldwide solar heat gain and building cooling load calculations. Solar Energy, vol

  5. WIRELESS HELIOSTAT AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR LARGE SELF-POWERED HELIOSTAT FIELDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turau, Volker

    Nodes, are deployed in the DLR Solar Tower Demonstration Plant heliostat field, controlled by a base station located individual heliostats, represent about 40% of the investment into the solar power plant. Furthermore, commercial solar power plants utilize dedicated wired links and bus systems to power and control heliostats

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. 25, NO. 8, AUGUST 2003 1027 [20] R.L. Kirby, "A Product Rule Relaxation Method," Technical Report 772,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peli, Eli

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. 25, NO. 8, AUGUST 2003 1027 [20] R.L. Kirby, "A Product Rule Relaxation Method," Technical Report 772, Univ. Maryland, 1979. [21," Technical Report DLR-FB 91-29, Deutsche Forschungsan- stalt fu¨r Luft- und Raumfahrt, 1991. [24] D.G. Lowe

  7. SYNCHROTRON-BASED INFRARED MICROSPECTROSCOPY AS A USEFUL TOOL TO STUDY HYDRATION STATES OF METEORITE CONSTITUENTS. L. V. Moroz1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroi, Takahiro

    Mighei, Murrey, and Cold Bokkeveld for comparison. The IRIS IR Beamline at the BESSY II synchrotronSYNCHROTRON-BASED INFRARED MICROSPECTROSCOPY AS A USEFUL TOOL TO STUDY HYDRATION STATES.moroz@dlr.de, 2 BESSY GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str.15, Berlin, D-12489, Berlin, Germany, 3 Department of Geosciences

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 21212145, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/2121/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1, B. Steil2, C. Br¨uhl2, and M. A. Giorgetta3 1Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, DLR, Hamburg, Germany *now at: University of Cambridge, Centre for Atmospheric Science, Department of Geography, Cambridge, UK **now at: ETH Z¨urich, Institut f¨ur Atmosph¨are und Klima, Z¨urich, Switzerland Received: 25

  9. 7, 1481314894, 2007 Lightning activity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Atmosph¨are, Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany 2 Flugabteilung of Munich, Germany 4 Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland 5 Norwegian and Research, D¨ubendorf, Switzerland now at: Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, Deutsches Zentrum f

  10. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 17911806, 2003 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/3/1791/ Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ,* 1Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are (IPA, Sweden 3Dalhousie University, Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, Germany *Now at: Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), University

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 575599, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/575/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    der Atmosph¨are, DLR, Oberpfaffenhoffen, Germany 3Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit`a de LDepartment of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, UK 8Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 11Earth System Science

  12. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 44934512, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/4493/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    /INSU, LATMOS-IPSL, Paris, France 3Spectroscopie de l'Atmosph`ere, Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Universit, Moffett Field, California, 94035, USA 9DLR, Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, Oberpfaffenhofen: Air Quality Research Division, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario

  13. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 42034227, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/4203/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ,*, and F. Yu5 1Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are (IPA-AAF), Karlsruhe, Germany 3Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523State University of New York at Albany (SUNY), Atmospheric Sciences Research Center (ASRC), NY, USA *now

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 82318256, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/8231/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, Johannes-Gutenberg-Universit¨at, Mainz, Germany 3Laboratoire des Sciences du6 1Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Syst`emes Atmosph´eriques (LISA), UMR7583, Universit´e Paris 5Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph

  15. 5, 22972353, 2005 Variability in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Wessling, Germany 2 Max-Planck-Institut f of Cambridge, Centre for Atmospheric Science, Department of Geography, Cambridge, United Kingdom 5 now at: ETH Z¨urich, Institut f¨ur Atmosph¨are und Klima, Z¨urich, Switzerland Received: 25 January 2005

  16. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The effects of mixing on Age of Air1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birner, Thomas

    Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany (hella.garny@dlr.de) 1 Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. 2 Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA. 3

  17. Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 325355, 2011 www.geosci-model-dev.net/4/325/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riemer, Nicole

    Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany 2International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA 3Department of Atmospheric Sciences Atmosfera, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico 6Chemical Sciences Division, Earth

  18. 3, 24992545, 2003 evaluation Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Z¨urich, Switzerland 2 Centre for Atmospheric Science, Cambridge University, UK 3 Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France 4 Service d`a L'Aquila, Italy 8 Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, DLR, Germany Received: 11 February 2003

  19. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1200712036, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/12007/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Science, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK 2C2SM ­ ETH Z¨urich, Z¨urich, Switzerland 3Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland 4Deutsches Zentrum f¨ur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 16091631, 2003 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/3/1609/ Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Z¨urich, Switzerland 2Centre for Atmospheric Science, Cambridge University, UK 3Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France 4Service d'Aquila, Italy 8Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph¨are, DLR, Germany Received: 11 February 2003 ­ Published

  1. Manuscript prepared for Atmos. Chem. Phys. with version 1.21 of the LATEX class copernicus.cls.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of Geosciences, Oslo, Norway 5 Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosph´erique, Universit´e des Sciences et Technologies de Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France 2 Max-Planck-Institut f Jersey, USA 10 ARQM Meteorological Service Canda, Toronto, Canada 11 DLR-Institut f¨ur Physik der Atmosph

  2. Call for a Joint Master thesis: Cohesive powder (Regolith) properties by DEM simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    -gravity conditions. (Left) Ring-shear cell (1/4) DEM simulation to measure the shear-stress-strain relation of the Solar System (asteroids, comets) are getting into focus of the big space agencies. DLR is presently as "ground truth" for verification/validation and calibration of numerical and theoretical models

  3. Great Lakes CoastWatch Research and Product Development Primary Investigator: George Leshkevich -NOAA/GLERL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    imagery from new satellite sensors such as synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for ice classification SWA calibration software, the collaboration with researchers at the German Aerospace Center (DLR at the University of Toledo to develop an improved turbidity product and data base: 1. SAR research and field

  4. Assessment of Heliosat-4 surface solar irradiance derived on the basis of SEVIRI-APOLLO cloud products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Assessment of Heliosat-4 surface solar irradiance derived on the basis of SEVIRI-APOLLO cloud are crucial for the assessment of SSI. The APOLLO cloud product provided by DLR includes abundant information about the cloud physical and optical properties. The performances of Heliosat-4 when using APOLLO

  5. On Motion and Force Control of Grasping Hands with Postural Synergies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siena, Università di

    to imitate the human hand in terms of dexterity and adaption capabilities. Some remarkable example of robotic and in particular motor control of human hands, which share with robotic hands the large number of degrees, the DLR hand, the Robonaut hand and the human hand model. In [5] authors proposed a robotic hand design

  6. armavir marz armenia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 Armenia 1 Australia 3 Austria 7 Bangladesh 23 Barbados 1 Belgium 1 Bolivia 5 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1 Brazil 8 Bulgaria 9 Burundi 1 Cameroon 6 Canada 7 Chile 6 China,...

  7. Factors influencing the efficiency of arsenic extraction by phosphate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yean, Su Jin

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extraction with sodium phosphate has been used as a method of accessing arsenic in soils. Arsenic extraction efficiency by phosphate from rice-paddy soils of Bangladesh usually has been low and highly variable between ...

  8. Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth A.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    US * Bangladesh is the only LDC to have participated in DSU1995-1997 and LI from 1998-2002. LDC S 68 Afghanistan AngolaZambia To qualify as an LDC a country must have a gross

  9. POWER PLAYS & CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS: THE SELECTION OF DEFENDANTS IN WTO DISPUTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth A

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    US * Bangladesh is the only LDC to have participated in DSU1995-1997 and LI from 1998-2002. LDC S 68 Afghanistan AngolaZambia To qualify as an LDC a country must have a gross

  10. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 21, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Argentina, Brazil, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, France, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

  11. Making climate adaptation work : strategies for resource constrained South Asian mega-cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta-Koehler, Madhu Chhanda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation compares the responses of Dhaka, Bangladesh and Kolkata, India to the serious challenges posed by climate change, particularly in the water sector. Drawing on the theories of "adaptation as development" ...

  12. Editors Kirsten Halsns & Amit Garg ENERGY, CLIMATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Editors Kirsten Halsnæs & Amit Garg ENERGY, CLIMATE Sustainable Development, Energy and Climate Development, Energy and Climate Exploring Synergies and Tradeoffs Methodological Issues and Case Studies from Brazil, China, India, South Africa, Bangladesh and Senegal Editors Kirsten Halsnæs & Amit Garg ENERGY

  13. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Nigeria, China, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Jamaica, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Ireland, France, Turkey, United Kingdom, and Federal Republic of Germany.

  14. Rose Murphy Research Associate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for All Electrification and Development in Rural Bangladesh C P R C O M M E N T A R Y N o . 2 · S U M M E .................................................................................................. 14 Difficulties of Electrification in Developing Countries ........................ 16 II

  15. Farzana Rahman (http://www.mscs.mu.edu/~frahman/) Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brylow, Dennis

    RFID Systems Advisor: Dr. Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed (http://www.mscs.mu.edu/~iq/) Marquette University. Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed (http://www.mscs.mu.edu/~iq/) Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology

  16. International Journal of Control and Automation Vol.2, No.3, September 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Ahamed4 , and Md. Mostofa Akbar5 Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology1, 2, 5 , University , gourab.kundu08@gmail.com3 , sheikh.ahamed@marquette.edu4 , mostofa@cse.buet.ac.bd5 Abstract Health

  17. Intelligent Mobile Health Monitoring System (IMHMS) Rifat Shahriyar, Md. Faizul Bari, Gourab Kundu, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    , Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Md. Mostofa Akbar Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bangladesh.com, sheikh.ahamed@mu.edu, mostofa@cse.buet.ac.bd Abstract. Health monitoring is repeatedly mentioned as one

  18. arsenic groundwater system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bangladesh" (II) Harvey et al. (1 with recent mobilization of arsenic by irri- gation pumping, if their model of vertical flow is taken at face mobilization if this feature was...

  19. african urban area: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Riccardo; Giovannini, Luca 2009-01-01 100 Green Solution for the Current Energy Crisis in the Urban Areas of Bangladesh CiteSeer Summary: Abstract This work is focused on...

  20. The Spirit of ’71: how the Bangladeshi War of Independence has haunted Tower Hamlets. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glynn, Sarah

    In 1971 Bengalis in Britain rallied en masse in support of the independence struggle that created Bangladesh. This study explores the nature and impact of that movement, and its continuing legacy for Bengalis in Britain, ...

  1. Copyright 2003 The Times Mirror Company; Los Angeles Times All Rights Reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to safe drinking water, energy and markets. The United Nations' 2003 Human Development Report, released, there are candidates for expanded aid right now: the vibrant democracies of Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ghana, Senegal

  2. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal 11 Bangladesh 15 Sri Lanka 4

  3. Villafranca Die Kabinete und die Revolutionen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodinger, Helmut

    Thei� an ihrer Verbindung mit dem Körös geführt haben, in denen die Revolu- tion Ungarns sich entspann bereits in einem früheren Bande erwähnt, und wie der wilde Racen- krieg in Ungarn selbst schon seit dem. Noch ehe das Jahr zu Ende, rückte die Kaiserliche Armee unter Windischgrätz in Ungarn ein. Rasch

  4. A developing country perspective on implementing sustainable energy programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ul Haq, Z.; James, J.A. [Princeton Economic Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Kamal, S. [International Consortium for Energy Development, Boston, MA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh is a developing country faced with many challenges such as high population growth rate, low literacy levels, and poverty. One of its most difficult tasks is providing the infrastructure necessary to sustain a growing population with a finite resource base. There is a need to develop a long term energy strategy that relies on sustainable resources while reducing environmental harm. Solar energy has the potential to meet these requirements and presents a highly attractive energy source for Bangladesh. Bangladesh is fortunate enough to have a significant amount of solar irradiance. A number of projects have been started in Bangladesh to exploit renewable energy resources. This paper will highlight the current status of these projects. Major interest and activity is directed towards development of photovoltaic and wind resources. The market for renewable technologies is vast in Bangladesh where a significant portion of the population is off-grid and in need of energy. Although this is not an affluent market technology costs have come down sufficiently such that it is becoming accessible to rural populations with credit schemes. While developing sustainable energy is a worthwhile goal and much encouraged by donor agencies, Bangladesh`s perspective on attempting to develop this sector suggests that it is not an easy road to follow, due to numerous internal and external barriers. A discussion of the barriers to the commercialization of renewables will be included in this paper. The objective of this paper is to shed some light on these issues and to stimulate discussions on how to overcome the barriers and encourage the dissemination of renewables in developing countries.

  5. Virtual Photon Emission from Quark-Gluon Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Suryanarayana

    2007-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We recently proposed an empirical approach for the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) effects in photon emission from the quark gluon plasma as a function of photon mass. This approach was based on Generalized Emission Functions (GEF) for photon emission, derived at a fixed temperature and strong coupling constant. In the present work, we have extended the LPM calculations for several temperatures and strong coupling strengths. The integral equations for (${\\bf \\tilde{f}(\\tilde{p}_\\perp)}$) and ($\\tilde{g}({\\bf \\tilde{p}_\\perp})$) are solved by the iterations method for the variable set \\{$p_0,q_0,Q^2,T,\\alpha_s$\\}, considering bremsstrahlung and $\\bf aws$ processes. We generalize the dynamical scaling variables, $x_T$, $x_L$, for bremsstrahlung and {\\bf aws} processes which are now functions of variables $p_0,q_0,Q^2,T,\\alpha_s$. The GEF introduced earlier, $g^b_T$, $g^a_T$, $g^b_L$, $g^a_L$, are also generalized for any temperatures and coupling strengths. From this, the imaginary part of the photon polarization tensor as a function of photon mass and energy can be calculated as a one dimensional integral over these GEF and parton distribution functions in the plasma. However, for phenomenological studies of experimental data, one needs a simple empirical formula without involving parton momentum integrations. Therefore, we present a phenomenological formula for imaginary photon polarization tensor as a function of \\{$q_0,Q^2,T,\\alpha_s$\\} that includes bremsstrahlung and $\\bf aws$ mechanisms along with LPM effects.

  6. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

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  7. Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in

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  8. Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

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  9. Kerman, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  10. Kernville, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  11. Global Feed-in Tariffs Project | Open Energy Information

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  12. Global Forest Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information

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  13. Global Framework for Climate Risk Exposure | Open Energy Information

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  14. Global Fuel Economy Initiative | Open Energy Information

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  15. Global GPS Phones Market Size, Segmentation, Demand Forecast Report Up To

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  16. Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) | Open Energy Information

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  17. Global Green Partners | Open Energy Information

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  18. Global Industry Analysts | Open Energy Information

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  19. Global Installed Capacity of Coal Fired Power Generation to Reach 2,057.6

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  20. Global Macrogol 6000 Market Size and Growth up to 2015 : Radiant Insights,

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  1. Global Mainframe As A Cloud Machine Market Size, Share, Growth and Research

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  2. Global Oilfield Equipment Market | OpenEI Community

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  3. Global Renewable Energy Network | Open Energy Information

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  4. Global Renewable Resource Potential | Open Energy Information

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  5. Global Seawater Inc | Open Energy Information

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  6. Global Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installation Market to be Propelled by

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  7. Global Solar Photovoltaic Installation Market | OpenEI Community

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  8. Global Solar Trackers Market | OpenEI Community

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  9. Global Timber Market and Forestry Data Project | Open Energy Information

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  10. Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base | Open Energy Information

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  11. Global Trade and Analysis Project (GTAP) Model | Open Energy Information

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  12. Global Unconventional Gas Market | OpenEI Community

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  13. Global Wind Energy Council | Open Energy Information

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  14. Global Wind Systems Inc | Open Energy Information

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  15. GlobalData | Open Energy Information

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  16. GlobalWatt Inc | Open Energy Information

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  17. Globasol Energias Renovables SL | Open Energy Information

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  18. Glocester, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  19. Gloria Glens Park, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  20. Gloria Spire Solar LLC | Open Energy Information

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  1. Glorieta, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  2. Glossary of Transmission Grid Integration Terms | Open Energy Information

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  3. Gloucester County, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  4. Gloucester County, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  5. Gloucester, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  6. Glouster, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  7. Gloversville, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  8. Gloverville, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  9. Glynn County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  10. Go Sustainable Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information

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  11. Goddard Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

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  12. Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy

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  13. Goddard, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  14. Godfrey Road, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  15. Godley, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville, SouthGoddardGodley,

  16. Goffstown, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,

  17. Gogebic County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,Gogebic County, Michigan:

  18. Gold Camp, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,Gogebic County,

  19. Gold Hill, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,Gogebic County,Oregon:

  20. Gold River, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,Gogebic

  1. Gold Standard Program Model | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,GogebicGold Standard

  2. Goldbeck Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,GogebicGold

  3. Golden Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,GogebicGoldGolden Beach,

  4. Golden Fuel Systems formerly Greasel Conversions Inc | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,GogebicGoldGolden

  5. Golden Glades, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,GogebicGoldGoldenGlades,

  6. Golden Grain Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF JumpGloverville,GogebicGoldGoldenGlades,

  7. Golden Grove, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF

  8. Turkmenistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas, Texas2022 |Turkmenistan-GEF

  9. Turks and Caicos Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas, Texas2022 |Turkmenistan-GEF

  10. UNDP-Human Development Reports | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbull HydroUK CentreMechanismGEF Fuel

  11. UNDP-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbull HydroUK CentreMechanismGEF FuelUnion

  12. UNECE-Annual Bulletin of Transport Statistics for Europe and North America

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbull HydroUK CentreMechanismGEF FuelUnion|

  13. UNECE-Transport for Sustainable Development in the ECE Region | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbull HydroUK CentreMechanismGEF

  14. S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheingans, Richard

    S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated With Childhood households. We used survey data from sites in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan to estimate the costs borne by households due to childhood diarrhea, including direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs

  15. CX-100164 Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    NREL – Bangladesh Wind Resources Assessment Project: NREL Tracking No. 14-020 Award Number: DE-AC36-08GO28308 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 09/11/2014 Location(s): Colorado Office(s): Golden Field Office

  16. Response to Comment on "Reliability of a Commercial Kit to Test Groundwater for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    Response to Comment on "Reliability of a Commercial Kit to Test Groundwater for Arsenic field kit continue to be used to test well water for arsenic throughout Bangladesh (1, 2): (1) our study stance on testing with field kits. Was the Evaluation Representative? We believe that comparing

  17. Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over1 Asian regions during 20002008: Regional Emission2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    -3-9 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-0001, Japan}12 [5]{Ocean Policy Research Foundation, 3-4-10 Toranomon Singapore SGP Thailand THA Vietnam VNM Bangladesh OSA BGD Bhutan BTN India/Andhra Pradesh IND ANPR India/Bihar, Jharkhand BIHA India/Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura EHIM India/Gujarat GUJA

  18. International Conference on the Developments in Renewable Energy Technology and German Alumni Energy Expert Seminar for South and South-East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    2nd International Conference on the Developments in Renewable Energy Technology and German Alumni on the Developments in Renewable Energy Technology (ICDRET, www.icdret.uiu.ac.bd ) in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The first local and international organizations involved in renewable energy supported the event as sponsors

  19. SUSTAINABLE PROCESS DESIGN IN THE CONTEXT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Federal University of Rio de Janeiro #12;Electricity Consumption (kwh per Capita) (2004) Brazil: 2340 http GIPpercapita($/year) U.S.A. Canada Bangladesh China Mexico Poland South Corea Russia France Japan U.K. kW per sequestration · Evolution: biodiesel production · Goals: high oil content, desirable fatty acids, fast growth

  20. Hand-pumps as reservoirs for microbial contamination of well water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    Hand-pumps as reservoirs for microbial contamination of well water Andrew S. Ferguson, Brian J and release of total coliforms and Escherichia coli was investigated in hand-pumps removed from tubewells tapping a faecally contaminated aquifer in Matlab, Bangladesh, and from a new hand-pump deliberately

  1. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [May 23, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Japan, (2) China, (3) South Korea, (4) Czechoslovakia, Poland, (5) Argentina, Brazil, (6) Bangladesh, India, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan, (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany, Canada, United Kingdom, France.

  2. D A R G A N M . W . F R I E R S O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frierson, Dargan

    with global warming is coal power plants ¡ Maybe we should ban these eventually ÷ This is not even close power plant construction may not be slowed enough ¡ Banning coal also would mean we wouldn't have in Dhaka, Bangladesh #12;Adaptation Costs for Sea Level Rise For these two reasons, adaptation costs

  3. Available at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/033 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Electronic Engineering, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh and The Abdus Salam International compared to present electronic devices. A spintronic device is based on the transport of an electron's spin devices would be spintronic devices due to the superiority compared to present electronic devices. Thus

  4. Everything we know is wrong On 1 April 2057, workers found the body of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    such promise for reversing the effects of global warming, winning him the Nobel and numerous other awards as waste. Atmospheric carbon levels were halved in little more than a decade. It was nothing less than by the Sinai LTC facility. But global temperatures continued to rise. Venice was lost, along with Bangladesh

  5. 25/06/2010 15:28Is Giving Genetic? | Children Page 1 of 7http://children.foreignpolicyblogs.com/2010/03/19/2918/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reece, Sarah

    and Proliferation Bangladesh Brazil Caucasus Central Asia Children China Climate Change Corruption and Accountability Cuba Current Conflicts Cybersecurity and Internet Communications East Asia Energy European Union Religion and Politics Rising Powers Russia Southeast Asia #12;25/06/2010 15:28Is Giving Genetic? | Children

  6. Ferrihydrite as an Enterosorbent for Arsenic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, John Floyd

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Arsenic in drinking water is a problem in many developing nations such as Taiwan and Bangladesh. Currently, no oral binding agent exists for the mitigation of arsenic toxicity. The goals of this research were to 1) screen a variety of sorbents...

  7. Winter 2011 Dear Friends,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    on renewable energy in Dhaka, Bangladesh in July; Michael Doonan, Ph.D. '02, whose Massachusetts Health PolicyWinter 2011 Dear Friends, As 2011 begins I want to share my warmest wishes to you and your families to move from Brandeis' International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life to its new permanent home

  8. Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water. One especially notable project was when the National Academy of Science asked him to go to Egypt with a team of other scientists to show the United State's sincerity to Egypt after presidents Carter

  9. | | |Home Archives Contact Us Sunday, November 14, 2004 Infotainment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), that would try to replicate the way the sun generates energy, ended on Tuesday with no decision on rival of the six-party framework." Nuclear fusion has been touted as a long-term solution to the world's energy group meets in Egypt Iraq accuses Iran of supplying drugs 10,000 blind children in Bangladesh will see

  10. Energy-Efficient Next-Generation Networks (E2 Pulak Chowdhury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Energy-Efficient Next-Generation Networks (E2 NGN) By Pulak Chowdhury B.S. (Bangladesh University a Green WOBAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.4 Energy-Efficient Mixed-Line-Rate Network Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.4.1 Selectively Turning Off Network Elements . . . . . . 24 2.4.2 Energy-Efficient Network

  11. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  12. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  13. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  14. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  15. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  16. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  17. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  18. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  19. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A (2011) 369, 130 doi:10.1098/rsta.2011.0160

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    assessment and extreme events: adaptation strategies for the developing world BY PETER J. WEBSTER1,* AND JUN and planning, store food and household items and evacuate those in peril. For the first time in Bangladesh, grossing agricultural and household savings measured in units of annual income. We argue that probabilistic

  20. Region Country Year Name Employer Current Title Discipline Specialty Western Afghanistan 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Environmental Management Environment, Sustainable Energy, Disaster Risk Management Asia, South Bangladesh 2004 America, South Bolivia 2012 Ms. Maria Esther Arrien Anez Repsol YPF E&P Bolivia S.A. Environmental License Technician Environmental Studies Environmental Law America, South Bolivia 2005 Ms Mónica Claudia Castro

  1. Ethiopia-National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios: Learning

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Areafrom

  2. Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus

  3. Ethiopia-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy FocusEnergy

  4. Ethiopia-Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy

  5. Ethiopian Development Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector EnergyResearch Institute

  6. Ethos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector EnergyResearch

  7. Etna Resources soon to be Pan American Lithium | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector EnergyResearchEtna

  8. Etnergia Srl | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector

  9. Eurel Inzeniring | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) SectorEurel Inzeniring Jump to:

  10. Eurener | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) SectorEurel Inzeniring Jump

  11. Europe China Clean Energy Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) SectorEurel Inzeniring

  12. Europe's Energy Portal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) SectorEurel InzeniringEurope's

  13. European Business Council for Sustainable Energy e5 | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) SectorEurel

  14. European Commission Impact Assessment Tools | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. European Energy Exchange AG EEX | Open Energy Information

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  16. European Energy Institute | Open Energy Information

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  17. European Environment Agency | Open Energy Information

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  18. European Facilitators Group | Open Energy Information

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  19. European Fuel Cell GmbH EFC | Open Energy Information

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  20. European Investment Bank | Open Energy Information

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  1. European Marine Energy Centre Ltd EMEC | Open Energy Information

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  2. European Pellet Centre | Open Energy Information

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  3. European Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

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  4. Eurowind Developments Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  5. Eurus Campo dos Ventos Energias Renovaveis Ltda | Open Energy Information

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  6. Eutropa AG | Open Energy Information

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  7. Evader Garini Brazilian scooter JV | Open Energy Information

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  8. Evaluating the Impact of Development Projects on Poverty: A Handbook for

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  9. Evance Wind | Open Energy Information

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  10. Evanston, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  11. Event | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Ever Cat Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

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  13. Everbright Jiangyin New Energy Industry | Open Energy Information

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  14. Everest Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  15. Evergreen BioPower LLC | Open Energy Information

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  16. Evergreen China Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  17. Evergreen Renewables LLC | Open Energy Information

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  18. Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy

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  19. Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Sri Sai Krishna Hydro Energies Pvt Ltd SSK | Open Energy Information

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  1. Sri Swarna Green Power SSGP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Sri Vel Bio Diesel Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. St Andrews Fuel Cells | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. St Croix Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. St. Louis, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  6. St. Louis, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  7. St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  8. Stable Flats LLC | Open Energy Information

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  9. Stadtwerke Aachen AG STAWAG | Open Energy Information

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  10. Stadtwerke Bochum GmbH | Open Energy Information

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  11. Stadtwerke Mainz AG | Open Energy Information

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  12. Stadtwerke Trier GmbH SWT | Open Energy Information

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  13. Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process | Open Energy Information

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  14. Stage 3b: Assessing Opportunities | Open Energy Information

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  15. Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |

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  16. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Best Practices and Lessons Learnt | Open

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  17. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis | Open Energy

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  18. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms | Open Energy Information

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  19. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Market Studies | Open Energy Information

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  20. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Policy and Regulatory Studies | Open Energy

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  1. Reduction of ruminant methane emissions - a win-win-win opportunity for business, development, and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, R. [Appropriate Technology International, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes research efforts of The Global Livestock Producers Program (GLPP) in establishing self-sustaining enterprises for cost-effective technologies (i.e., animal nutrition and genetic improvement) and global methane emissions reductions in developing world nations. The US Environmental Protection Agency has funded several studies to examine the possibilities of reducing ruminant methane emissions in India, Tanzania, Bangladesh, and Brazil. The results of the studies showed that: (1) many developing countries` production systems are inefficient, and (2) great potential exists for decreasing global methane emissions through increasing animal productivity. From this effort, the GLPP established livestock development projects in India, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, and is developing projects for Bangladesh, Nepal, and Brazil. The GLPP has developed a proven methodology for assessing ruminant methane and incorporating methane emissions monitoring into viable projects.

  2. Assessment of fission product yields data needs in nuclear reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kern, K.; Becker, M.; Broeders, C. [Institut fuer Neutronenphysik und Reaktortechnik, KIT Campus Nord, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies on the build-up of fission products in fast reactors have been performed, with particular emphasis on the effects related to the physics of the nuclear fission process. Fission product yields, which are required for burn-up calculations, depend on the proton and neutron number of the target nucleus as well as on the incident neutron energy. Evaluated nuclear data on fission product yields are available for all relevant target nuclides in reactor applications. However, the description of their energy dependence in evaluated data is still rather rudimentary, which is due to the lack of experimental fast fission data and reliable physical models. Additionally, physics studies of evaluated JEFF-3.1.1 fission yields data have shown potential improvements, especially for various fast fission data sets of this evaluation. In recent years, important progress in the understanding of the fission process has been made, and advanced model codes are currently being developed. This paper deals with the semi-empirical approach to the description of the fission process, which is used in the GEF code being developed by K.-H. Schmidt and B. Jurado on behalf of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, and with results from the corresponding author's diploma thesis. An extended version of the GEF code, supporting the calculation of spectrum weighted fission product yields, has been developed. It has been applied to the calculation of fission product yields in the fission rate spectra of a MOX fuelled sodium-cooled fast reactor. Important results are compared to JEFF-3.1.1 data and discussed in this paper. (authors)

  3. Comparative potency approach based on H2AX assay for estimating the genotoxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Audebert, M., E-mail: marc.audebert@toulouse.inra.fr [INRA UMR1331, TOXALIM (Research Center in Food Toxicology), 180 chemin de Tournefeuille, F-31027 Toulouse (France); Université de Toulouse, INP, ENVT, EIP, UPS, UMR1331, Toxalim, F-31076 Toulouse (France); Zeman, F.; Beaudoin, R.; Péry, A. [Unité “Modèles pour l'écotoxicologie et la toxicologie” (METO), INERIS, BP2, F-60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte (France)] [Unité “Modèles pour l'écotoxicologie et la toxicologie” (METO), INERIS, BP2, F-60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte (France); Cravedi, J.-P. [INRA UMR1331, TOXALIM (Research Center in Food Toxicology), 180 chemin de Tournefeuille, F-31027 Toulouse (France) [INRA UMR1331, TOXALIM (Research Center in Food Toxicology), 180 chemin de Tournefeuille, F-31027 Toulouse (France); Université de Toulouse, INP, ENVT, EIP, UPS, UMR1331, Toxalim, F-31076 Toulouse (France)

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) constitute a family of over one hundred compounds and can generally be found in complex mixtures. PAHs metabolites cause DNA damage which can lead to the development of carcinogenesis. Toxicity assessment of PAH complex mixtures is currently expressed in terms of toxic equivalents, based on Toxicity Equivalent Factors (TEFs). However, the definition of new TEFs for a large number of PAH could overcome some limitations of the current method and improve cancer risk assessment. The current investigation aimed at deriving the relative potency factors of PAHs, based on their genotoxic effect measured in vitro and analyzed with mathematical models. For this purpose, we used a new genotoxic assay (?H2AX) with two human cell lines (HepG2 and LS-174T) to analyze the genotoxic properties of 13 selected PAHs at low doses after 24 h treatment. The dose–response for genotoxic effects was modeled with a Hill model; equivalency between PAHs at low dose was assessed by applying constraints to the model parameters. In the two cell lines tested, we observed a clear dose–response for genotoxic effects for 11 tested compounds. LS-174T was on average ten times more sensitive than HepG2 towards PAHs regarding genotoxicity. We developed new TEFs, which we named Genotoxic Equivalent Factor (GEF). Calculated GEF for the tested PAHs were generally higher than the TEF usually used. Our study proposed a new in vitro based method for the establishment of relevant TEFs for PAHs to improve cancer risk assessment. -- Highlights: ? Examination of the genotoxic properties of 13 PAHs on two human cell lines. ? Modelization with a Hill model of the genotoxic dose–response. ? First investigation of the genotoxicity of benzo[c]fluorene on human cell lines. ? Establishment of relevant TEFs for PAHs to improve cancer risk assessment.

  4. Newsfront 23-29 January 2007, Issue 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    role occupation. The attitude of the political class treating them as a passive audience leaves them with uneasy options: indulge in street politics or face the fate of a robot. Political youths are, therefore, contesting the utility of a pre... of departmental stores, garment factories, travel agencies, shrimp trawlers and transport and investment companies. China inspace war ULFA funding candidates Reliable sources quoting political leaders in Bangladesh said Barua's funds are being managed and assisted...

  5. Efficient leader election in asynchronous networks of the order three

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Mohammad Atiqur

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFICIENT LEADER ELECTION IN ASYNCHRONOUS NETWORKS OF THE ORDER THREE A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ATIQUR RAHMAN Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style... of the Order Three. (December 1994) Mohammad Atiqur Rahman, B. Sc. Eng. , Bangladesh University of Engr. and Tech. Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Hosame Abu-Amara Election is the problem of choosing a unique processor as the leader of a network...

  6. Newsfront 3-9 March 2008, Issue 56

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    a Central Committee meeting was held at the end of July (2007) to ensure that the required report (to the party) by Prachanda was a consensus document, the EM did not go smoothly. Having continued to exclude the state from the rural areas, yet... ; and economic resource management. Designating regulatory authority to independent bodies as in the cases of electrification in Bangladesh and India along with liberalisation of the energy sector can accrue benefits: increased quality and quantity of fuel...

  7. A cascaded model of spectral distortions due to spectral response effects and pulse pileup effects in a photon-counting x-ray detector for CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cammin, Jochen, E-mail: jcammin1@jhmi.edu, E-mail: ktaguchi@jhmi.edu; Taguchi, Katsuyuki, E-mail: jcammin1@jhmi.edu, E-mail: ktaguchi@jhmi.edu [Division of Medical Imaging Physics, The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 (United States)] [Division of Medical Imaging Physics, The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 (United States); Xu, Jennifer [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 (United States); Barber, William C.; Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Hartsough, Neal E. [DxRay, Inc., Northridge, California 91324 (United States)] [DxRay, Inc., Northridge, California 91324 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Energy discriminating, photon-counting detectors (PCDs) are an emerging technology for computed tomography (CT) with various potential benefits for clinical CT. The photon energies measured by PCDs can be distorted due to the interactions of a photon with the detector and the interaction of multiple coincident photons. These effects result in distorted recorded x-ray spectra which may lead to artifacts in reconstructed CT images and inaccuracies in tissue identification. Model-based compensation techniques have the potential to account for the distortion effects. This approach requires only a small number of parameters and is applicable to a wide range of spectra and count rates, but it needs an accurate model of the spectral distortions occurring in PCDs. The purpose of this study was to develop a model of those spectral distortions and to evaluate the model using a PCD (model DXMCT-1; DxRay, Inc., Northridge, CA) and various x-ray spectra in a wide range of count rates. Methods: The authors hypothesize that the complex phenomena of spectral distortions can be modeled by: (1) separating them into count-rate independent factors that we call the spectral response effects (SRE), and count-rate dependent factors that we call the pulse pileup effects (PPE), (2) developing separate models for SRE and PPE, and (3) cascading the SRE and PPE models into a combined SRE+PPE model that describes PCD distortions at both low and high count rates. The SRE model describes the probability distribution of the recorded spectrum, with a photo peak and a continuum tail, given the incident photon energy. Model parameters were obtained from calibration measurements with three radioisotopes and then interpolated linearly for other energies. The PPE model used was developed in the authors’ previous work [K. Taguchi et al., “Modeling the performance of a photon counting x-ray detector for CT: Energy response and pulse pileup effects,” Med. Phys. 38(2), 1089–1102 (2011)]. The agreement between the x-ray spectra calculated by the cascaded SRE+PPE model and the measured spectra was evaluated for various levels of deadtime loss ratios (DLR) and incident spectral shapes, realized using different attenuators, in terms of the weighted coefficient of variation (COV{sub W}), i.e., the root mean square difference weighted by the statistical errors of the data and divided by the mean. Results: At low count rates, when DLR < 10%, the distorted spectra measured by the DXMCT-1 were in agreement with those calculated by SRE only, with COV{sub W}'s less than 4%. At higher count rates, the measured spectra were also in agreement with the ones calculated by the cascaded SRE+PPE model; with PMMA as attenuator, COV{sub W} was 5.6% at a DLR of 22% and as small as 6.7% for a DLR as high as 55%. Conclusions: The x-ray spectra calculated by the proposed model agreed with the measured spectra over a wide range of count rates and spectral shapes. The SRE model predicted the distorted, recorded spectra with low count rates over various types and thicknesses of attenuators. The study also validated the hypothesis that the complex spectral distortions in a PCD can be adequately modeled by cascading the count-rate independent SRE and the count-rate dependent PPE.

  8. Standardization of Solar Mirror Reflectance Measurements - Round Robin Test: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyen, S.; Lupfert, E.; Fernandez-Garcia, A.; Kennedy, C.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the SolarPaces Task III standardization activities, DLR, CIEMAT, and NREL have concentrated on optimizing the procedure to measure the reflectance of solar mirrors. From this work, the laboratories have developed a clear definition of the method and requirements needed of commercial instruments for reliable reflectance results. A round robin test was performed between the three laboratories with samples that represent all of the commercial solar mirrors currently available for concentrating solar power (CSP) applications. The results show surprisingly large differences in hemispherical reflectance (sh) of 0.007 and specular reflectance (ss) of 0.004 between the laboratories. These differences indicate the importance of minimum instrument requirements and standardized procedures. Based on these results, the optimal procedure will be formulated and validated with a new round robin test in which a better accuracy is expected. Improved instruments and reference standards are needed to reach the necessary accuracy for cost and efficiency calculations.

  9. Newsfront 5-11 February 2007, Issue 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    equal", Uttam added. This was the major turning point in Uttam's life who till then had been struggling in the world of films, assisting in directing TV serials. He now is a committed education provider for three schools (second one in Bhaktapur... in Bangladesh. In 1983 Muhammad Yunus established the Grameen bank (bank of villages) with hope that it would provide the poorest with small loans. It was purely a personal initiative to help the poor lift themselves out of poverty, but with their own...

  10. A Dharani-mantra in the Vinaya-vastu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathak, Suniti K.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    offence (Vinaya-pitaka, Culla-vagga, V. 8.2. (PTS edn). See also' KevaUa SuUa (No. 11) Vol. p 214 (PTS edn). 4. Dutt, N. Early Monastic Buddhism p. 153-158, Calcutta, 1960. 5. Sukomal Choudhuri : Contemporary Buddhism in Bangladesh pp 116... dag gis zas sbyar na ji Ita bu yin pa ma ses nasI de rnams kyi sman pa la dris pa dan{ des _ smras pal 'phags pa dag kyed nyid kyi Slon pa beom Idan 'das ei thams cad (46b:2) mkhyen pa thams edd gzigs pa kho ns nyid yin tel de nyid mkhyen Ie zhes...

  11. Laser velocimetry study of the flow field in a centrifugal pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Kazi M.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ I 0 ((I (K IE 0 Eg g 0 :5 8 O 0 g E( (((E QO . . E- 6i EEE 5!X. . ( N CC E(: NI RS KR OQ 0 EEW AA 0 -"ni V 0 O CO (EP 4 EEE 0 ~ E Q Og ((E O ~ 0(O A 00 ~ 0 E' ~ 29 the beam splitter prism. The direction of the flow...-Chair of Committee) PS4~ Yassin A. Hassan (Member) W. L. Bradley (Head of Department) MAY 1993 ABSTRACT Laser Velocimetry Study of the Flow Field in a Centrifugal Pump. (May 1993) Kazi M. Rashid, B. S. , Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology Co...

  12. Bangor Hydro-Electric Co | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh: Energy Resources

  13. Bank of America | Open Energy Information

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  14. BankInvest Technology AS | Open Energy Information

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  15. Banks, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  16. Banner Wind Project | Open Energy Information

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  17. Bannockburn Capital LTD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh: EnergyBanks,

  18. Baoding, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh: EnergyBanks,Baoding,

  19. Bar Gadda LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:

  20. Barbados: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados: Energy

  1. Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados: EnergySpain:

  2. Barnstable County, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:

  3. Barre Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:Barre Biomass

  4. Barron's Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:Barre

  5. Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:BarreBarrow

  6. Transportation Energy Futures Study: The Key Results and Conclusions

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower StationTown ofTownNote-Bangladesh Jump to:Webinar |

  7. Transportation | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower StationTown ofTownNote-Bangladesh Jump to:Webinar |

  8. Traverse City, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower StationTown ofTownNote-Bangladesh Jump to:Webinar

  9. Traverse Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower StationTown ofTownNote-Bangladesh Jump

  10. Travis Brown and Kamran Baksh, Final Submission | OpenEI Community

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  11. Tree Oils India Ltd TOIL | Open Energy Information

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  12. Trenton Forging | Open Energy Information

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  13. Trenton Municipal Utilities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Tri Alpha Energy | Open Energy Information

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  15. Tri Power Systems Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Tri State Electric Membership Corporation Smart Grid Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Tri-County Elec Member Corp (Kentucky) | Open Energy Information

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  18. Tri-County Elec Member Corp (North Carolina) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Data from the National Renewable Energy Library and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The SWERA Programme provides easy access to credible renewable energy data to stimulate investment in, and development of, renewable energy technologies. The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) started in 2001 to advance the large-scale use of renewable energy technologies by increasing the availability and accessibility of high-quality solar and wind resource information. SWERA began as a pilot project with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and managed by the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) in collaboration with more than 25 partners around the world. With the success of the project in 13 pilot countries SWERA expanded in 2006 into a full programme. Its expanded mission is to provide high quality information on renewable energy resources for countries and regions around the world, along with the tools needed to apply these data in ways that facilitate renewable energy policies and investments.[from the SWERA Guide at http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=sweraguide_chp1] DOE and, in particular, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, has been a functioning partner from the beginning. NREL was part of the original technical team involved in mapping, database, and GIS activities. Solar, wind, and meteorological data for selected countries can be accessed through a variety of different tools and interfaces.

  20. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  1. INVESTIGATION OF A DYNAMIC POWER LINE RATING CONCEPT FOR IMPROVED WIND ENERGY INTEGRATION OVER COMPLEX TERRAIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jake P. Gentle; Kurt S Myers; Tyler B Phillips; Inanc Senocak; Phil Anderson

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) is a smart grid technology that allows the rating of power line to be based on real-time conductor temperature dependent on local weather conditions. In current practice overhead power lines are generally given a conservative rating based on worst case weather conditions. Using historical weather data collected over a test bed area, we demonstrate there is often additional transmission capacity not being utilized with the current static rating practice. We investigate a new dynamic line rating methodology using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to determine wind conditions along transmission lines at dense intervals. Simulated results are used to determine conductor temperature by calculating the transient thermal response of the conductor under variable environmental conditions. In calculating the conductor temperature, we use both a calculation with steady-state assumption and a transient calculation. Under low wind conditions, steady-state assumption predicts higher conductor temperatures that could lead to curtailments, whereas transient calculations produce conductor temperatures that are significantly lower, implying the availability of additional transmission capacity.

  2. PRE-DISCOVERY OBSERVATIONS OF CoRoT-1b AND CoRoT-2b WITH THE BEST SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rauer, H.; Erikson, A.; Kabath, P.; Hedelt, P.; Csizmadia, Sz.; Paris, P. v.; Renner, S.; Titz, R.; Voss, H. [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut fuer Planetenforschung, Rutherfordstr. 2, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Boer, M.; Tournois, G. [Observatoire de Haute Provence, St. Michel-l'Observatoire 04870 (France); Carone, L. [Rheinisches Institut fuer Umweltforschung, Universitaet zu Koeln, Abt. Planetenforschung, Aachener Str. 209, 50931 Koeln (Germany); Eigmueller, P. [Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg (Germany)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope (BEST) wide-angle telescope installed at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence and operated in remote control from Berlin by the Institut fuer Planetenforschung, DLR, has observed the CoRoT target fields prior to the mission. The resulting archive of stellar photometric light curves is used to search for deep transit events announced during CoRoT's alarm mode to aid in fast photometric confirmation of these events. The 'initial run' field of CoRoT (IRa01) was observed with BEST in 2006 November and December for 12 nights. The first 'long run' field (LRc01) was observed from 2005 June to September for 35 nights. After standard CCD data reduction, aperture photometry has been performed using the ISIS image subtraction method. About 30,000 light curves were obtained in each field. Transits of the first detected planets by the CoRoT mission, CoRoT-1b and CoRoT-2b, were found in archived data of the BEST survey and their light curves are presented here. Such detections provide useful information at the early stage of the organization of follow-up observations of satellite alarm-mode planet candidates. In addition, no period change was found over {approx}4 years between the first BEST observation and last available transit observations.

  3. Early Science Results from SOFIA, the World's Largest Airborne Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Buizer, James M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy, or SOFIA, is the largest flying observatory ever built,consisting of a 2.7-meter diameter telescope embedded in a modified Boeing 747-SP aircraft. SOFIA is a joint project between NASA and the German Aerospace Center Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft und-Raumfahrt (DLR). By flying at altitudes up to 45000 feet, the observatory gets above 99.9 percent of the infrared-absorbing water vapor in the Earth's atmosphere. This opens up an almost uninterrupted wavelength range from 0.3-1600 microns that is in large part obscured from ground based observatories. Since its 'Initial Science Flight' in December 2010, SOFIA has flown several dozen science flights, and has observed a wide array of objects from Solar System bodies, to stellar nurseries, to distant galaxies. This paper reviews a few of the exciting new science results from these first flights which were made by three instruments: the mid-infrared camera FORCAST, the far-infrared heterodyne spectrometer GREAT, and...

  4. Arsenic and diabetes and hypertension in human populations: A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.-J. [Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, 128 Academia Road Section 2, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan Institute of Statistical Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Public Health, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: cjchen@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Wang, S.-L.; Chiou, J.-M.; Tseng, C.-H.; Chiou, H.-Y.; Hsueh, Y.-M.; Chen, S.-Y.; Wu, M.-M.; Lai, M.-S. [Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, 128 Academia Road Section 2, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan Institute of Statistical Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Public Health, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term exposure to ingested arsenic from drinking water has been well documented to be associated with an increased risk of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a dose-response relationship among residents of arseniasis-endemic areas in southwestern Taiwan and Bangladesh. An increased risk of self-reported hypertension but not diabetes was reported in a community-based study of residents who consumed drinking water with a low level of arsenic. Increased glycosylated hemoglobin level and systolic blood pressure were observed in workers occupationally exposed to arsenic. Inconsistent findings of arsenic and diabetes in occupational studies may result from the healthy worker effect and the variation in exposure measurement, age composition, number of patients, accuracy in diagnosis and classification of underlying causes of death, competing causes of death, and method to detect diabetes. The dose-response relationship and toxicological mechanisms of arsenic-induced diabetes and hypertension need further elucidation.

  5. TRIGA research reactor activities around the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chesworth, R.H.; Razvi, J.; Whittemore, W.L. (General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States))

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent activities at several overseas TRIGA installations are discussed in this paper, including reactor performance, research programs under way, and plans for future upgrades. The following installations are included: (1) 14,000-kW TRIGA at the Institute for Nuclear Research, Pitesti, Romania; (2) 2,000-kW TRIGA Mark II at the Institute of Nuclear Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh; (3) 3,000-kW TRIGA conversion, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Quezon City, Philippines; and (4) other ongoing installations, including a 1,500-kW TRIGA Mark II at Rabat, Morocco, and a 1,000-kW conversion/upgrade at the Institute Asunto Nucleares, Bogota, Columbia.

  6. Oil and gas developments in the Far East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courteney, S.; Soeparjadi, R.A.; Ahmad, S.M.S.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the stabilization of oil prices in 1987 following their collapse in 1986, the rate of slowdown in Far East exploration activities began to ease. Seismic acquisition increased slightly, and the fall in exploratory drilling was less dramatic in 1987 than in 1986. No major discoveries were reported during 1987, although small-to-medium-size oil and gas discoveries added to the potential reserves of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, People's Republic of China, Pakistan, Republic of China, and Thailand. Development drilling continued to rise by a modest amount. Far East oil and condensate production decreased in 1987 by just over 1% to 5.37 million b/d, whereas gas output rose to 11.7 bcf/day. New acreage awards were significantly higher in 1987 than in 1986, particularly in some of the region's key producing countries. 16 figs., 11 tabs.

  7. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  8. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  9. Development of an IAEA Training Course for Future U.S. Inspectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savannah Avgerinos Fitzwater; Amanda R. Rynes; David S. Bracken; Richard R. M. Metcalf; James D. West

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. citizens currently make up only 12% of the positions held in the IAEA’s Department of Safeguards. While the United States has maintained a high level of support for the Agency over the duration of its history, the number of American inspectors currently in the field does not reflect this level of involvement. As a result, the National Nuclear Security Administration’s Office of International Relations, as part of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) mission, has tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to develop a rigorous two week hands-on training program to encourage and operationally acclimatize U.S. Citizens who are interested in applying for IAEA inspector positions using IAEA authorized equipment at INL. Idaho National Laboratory is one-of-a-kind in its ability to train IAEA inspectors by including training at nuclear facilities on site and includes, for example, direct measurement of an active spent fuel storage cooling pond. This accredited course will introduce and train attendees on the major IAEA systems used in collecting nuclear safeguards data and performing safeguards inspections. Unique in the United States, these classes will give attendees direct hands-on training and will address equipment purpose, function, operating principles, application, and troubleshooting, based upon what would be expected of an IAEA Safeguards Inspector in the field and in the office. Upon completion, U.S. applicants will be better qualified to pursue a position in the IAEA Department of Safeguards Operational Divisions. In support, INL has recently established a new laboratory space to house state of the art nuclear safeguards instrumentation. Currently, equipment installed in the laboratory space includes attended systems: 3DLR (3-D Imaging Laser) for design information verification, a Digital Cerenkov Viewing Device for measurement of spent fuel, HM-5 handheld radiation detectors, quantitative neutron and gamma systems; unattended monitoring systems including: NGAM and MiniGRAND radiation systems and a DMOS camera system, and VACOSS/EOSS Optical Sealing Systems..

  10. Elevated levels of plasma Big endothelin-1 and its relation to hypertension and skin lesions in individuals exposed to arsenic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossain, Ekhtear; Islam, Khairul; Yeasmin, Fouzia [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Karim, Md. Rezaul [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh); Rahman, Mashiur; Agarwal, Smita; Hossain, Shakhawoat; Aziz, Abdul; Al Mamun, Abdullah; Sheikh, Afzal; Haque, Abedul; Hossain, M. Tofazzal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Hossain, Mostaque [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh)] [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh); Haris, Parvez I. [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom)] [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom); Ikemura, Noriaki; Inoue, Kiyoshi; Miyataka, Hideki; Himeno, Seiichiro [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan)] [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan); Hossain, Khaled, E-mail: khossain69@yahoo.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chronic arsenic (As) exposure affects the endothelial system causing several diseases. Big endothelin-1 (Big ET-1), the biological precursor of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a more accurate indicator of the degree of activation of the endothelial system. Effect of As exposure on the plasma Big ET-1 levels and its physiological implications have not yet been documented. We evaluated plasma Big ET-1 levels and their relation to hypertension and skin lesions in As exposed individuals in Bangladesh. A total of 304 study subjects from the As-endemic and non-endemic areas in Bangladesh were recruited for this study. As concentrations in water, hair and nails were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). The plasma Big ET-1 levels were measured using a one-step sandwich enzyme immunoassay kit. Significant increase in Big ET-1 levels were observed with the increasing concentrations of As in drinking water, hair and nails. Further, before and after adjusting with different covariates, plasma Big ET-1 levels were found to be significantly associated with the water, hair and nail As concentrations of the study subjects. Big ET-1 levels were also higher in the higher exposure groups compared to the lowest (reference) group. Interestingly, we observed that Big ET-1 levels were significantly higher in the hypertensive and skin lesion groups compared to the normotensive and without skin lesion counterpart, respectively of the study subjects in As-endemic areas. Thus, this study demonstrated a novel dose–response relationship between As exposure and plasma Big ET-1 levels indicating the possible involvement of plasma Big ET-1 levels in As-induced hypertension and skin lesions. -- Highlights: ? Plasma Big ET-1 is an indicator of endothelial damage. ? Plasma Big ET-1 level increases dose-dependently in arsenic exposed individuals. ? Study subjects in arsenic-endemic areas with hypertension have elevated Big ET-1 levels. ? Study subjects with arsenic-induced skin lesions show elevated plasma Big ET-1 levels. ? Arsenic-induced hypertension and skin lesions may be linked to plasma Big ET-1 levels.

  11. Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.; GADGIL, ASHOK J.; ADDY, SUSAN E.A.; KOWOLIK, KRISTIN

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~;;$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6x10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90percent (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90percent of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2>_ 0.99) increase from 2.4x105 to 7.2x105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center.

  12. Biodiesel Production from Linseed Oil and Performance Study of a Diesel Engine 40 BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM LINSEED OIL AND PERFORMANCE STUDY OF A DIESEL ENGINE WITH DIESEL BIO-DIESEL FUELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Md. Nurun Nabi; S. M. Najmul Hoque

    Abstract: The use of biodiesel is rapidly expanding around the world, making it imperative to fully understand the impacts of biodiesel on the diesel engine combustion process and pollutant formation. Biodiesel is known as “the mono alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from renewable lipid feedstock, such as vegetable oils or animal fats, for use in compression ignition (diesel) engines. ” Biodiesel was made by transesterification from linseed oil. In aspect of Bangladesh linseed can play an important role in the production of alternative diesel fuel. The climatic and soil condition of our country is convenient for the production of linseed (Linum Usitatissimum) crop. In the first phase of this work optimization of different parameters for biodiesel production were investigated. In the second phase the performance study of a diesel engine with diesel biodiesel blends were carried out. The results showed that with the variation of catalyst, methanol and reaction time; variation of biodiesel production was realized. About 88 % biodiesel production was experienced with 20 % methanol, 0.5% NaOH catalyst and at 550C. The results also showed that when compared with neat diesel fuel, biodiesel gives almost similar thermal efficiency, lower carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) while slightly higher nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission was experienced.

  13. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  14. Case Studies of integrated hydrogen systems. International Energy Agency Hydrogen Implementing Agreement, Final report for Subtask A of task 11 - Integrated Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schucan, T. [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    1999-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the framework of the International Energy Agency Hydrogen Implementing Agreement, Task 11 was undertaken to develop tools to assist in the design and evaluation of existing and potential hydrogen demonstration projects. Emphasis was placed on integrated systems, from input energy to hydrogen end use. Included in the PDF document are the Executive Summary of the final report and the various case studies. The activities of task 11 were focused on near- and mid-term applications, with consideration for the transition from fossil-based systems to sustainable hydrogen energy systems. The participating countries were Canada, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United States. In order for hydrogen to become a competitive energy carrier, experience and operating data need to be generated and collected through demonstration projects. A framework of scientific principles, technical expertise, and analytical evaluation and assessment needed to be developed to aid in the design and optimization of hydrogen demonstration projects to promote implementation. The task participants undertook research within the framework of three highly coordinated subtasks that focused on the collection and critical evaluation of data from existing demonstration projects around the world, the development and testing of computer models of hydrogen components and integrated systems, and the evaluation and comparison of hydrogen systems. While the Executive Summary reflects work on all three subtasks, this collection of chapters refers only to the work performed under Subtask A. Ten projects were analyzed and evaluated in detail as part of Subtask A, Case Studies. The projects and the project partners were: Solar Hydrogen Demonstration Project, Solar-Wasserstoff-Bayern, Bayernwerk, BMW, Linde, Siemens (Germany); Solar Hydrogen Plant on Residential House, M. Friedli (Switzerland); A.T. Stuart Renewable Energy Test Site; Stuart Energy Systems (Canada); PHOEBUS Juelich Demonstration Plant Research Centre, Juelich (FZJ) (Germany); Schatz Solar Hydrogen Project, Schatz Energy Research Centre, Humboldt State University (USA); INTA Solar Hydrogen Facility, INTA (Spain); Solar Hydrogen Fueled Trucks, Clean Air Now, Xerox (USA), Electrolyser (Canada); SAPHYS: Stand-Alone Small Size Photovoltaic Hydrogen Energy System, ENEA (Italy), IET (Norway), FZJ (Germany); Hydrogen Generation from Stand-Alone Wind-Powered Electrolysis Systems, RAL (United Kingdom), ENEA (Italy), DLR (Germany); Palm Desert Renewable Hydrogen Transportation Project; Schatz Energy Research Centre, City of Palm Desert (USA). Other demonstration projects are summarized in chapter 11.

  15. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  16. South Asia transboundary water quality monitoring workshop summary report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betsill, Jeffrey David; Littlefield, Adriane C.; Luetters, Frederick O.; Rajen, Gaurav

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in several regions as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group made up of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United States convened in Kathmandu, Nepal, from February 17-23,2002. The workshop was held to further develop the South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring (SATWQM) project. The project is sponsored in part by the CMC located at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico through funding provided by the US. Department of State, Regional Environmental Affairs Office, American Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal, and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. This report summarizes the SATWQM project, the workshop objectives, process and results. The long-term interests of the participants are to develop systems for sharing regional environmental information as a means of building confidence and improving relations among South Asian countries. The more immediate interests of the group are focused on activities that foster regional sharing of water quality data in the Ganges and Indus River basins. Issues of concern to the SATWQM network participants include studying the impacts from untreated sewage and industrial effluents, agricultural run-off, salinity increases in fresh waters, the siltation and shifting of river channels, and the environmental degradation of critical habitats such as wetlands, protected forests, and endangered aquatic species conservation areas. The workshop focused on five objectives: (1) a deepened understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of additional regional and national government and non-government organizations in South Asia involved in river water quality monitoring; (3) identification of sites within the region at which water quality data are to be collected; (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process; and, (5) training of partners in the use of water quality monitoring equipment.

  17. Long-term premonitory seismicity patterns in Tibet and the Himalayas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keilis-Borok, V.; Knopoff, L.; Allen, C.R.

    1980-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt is made to identify seismicity patterns precursory to great earthquakes in most of Tibet as well as the central and eastern Himalayas. The region has considerable tectonic homogeneity and encompasses parts of China. India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma. Two seismicity patterns previously described were used (1) pattern ..sigma.. is a peak in the sum of earthquake energies raised to the power of about 2/3, taken over a sliding time window and within a magnitude range less than that of events we are trying to predict; and (2) pattern S (Swarms) consists of the spatial clustering of earthquakes during a time interval when the seismicity is above average. Within the test region, distinct peaks in pattern ..sigma.. have occurred twice during the 78-year-long test period: in 1948--49, prior to the great 1950 Assam-Tibet earthquake (M=8.6) and in 1976. Peaks in pattern S have occurred three times; in 1932--1933, prior to the great 1934 Bihar-Nepal earthquake (M=8.3), in 1946, and in 1978. The 1934 and 1950 earthquakes were the only events in the region that exceeded M=8.0 during the test period. On the basis of experience here and elsewhere, the current peaks in both ..sigma.. and S suggest the likelihood of an M=8.0 event within 6 years or an M=8.5 event within 14 years. Such a prognostication should be viewed more as an experimental long-term enhancement of the probability that a large earthquake will occur than as an actual prediction, in view of the exceedingly large area encompassed and the very lengthy time window. Furthermore, the chances of a randomly occurring event as large as M=8.0 in the region are perhaps 21% within the next 6 years, and the present state of the art is such that we can place only limited confidence in such forecasts.

  18. Far East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fletcher, G.L.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum activity throughout the Far East region was on the upswing during 1980. In spite of increased interest in many parts of the Far East, no major new discoveries were reported. From India to Indonesia, old fields are being rehabilitated and previously uneconomic areas are being looked at again. Indonesia set a new record in 1980 for the number of exploratory wells drilled. Peninsular Malaysia set a record for oil production. Overall, however, 1980 was a banner year for petroleum exploration in the Far East. Sri Lanka saw its first foreign contractor interest in several years. India made major moves toward increasing exploration by offering offshore and onshore blocks to foreign contractors . Bangladesh and even Burma signed exploitation contracts with Japanese investors in order to increase production. Malaysia offered new acreage blocks for the first time in several years. Indonesia and the Philippines also actively encouraged exploration by offering new contract areas. One country in the Far East that did not participate in the 1980 oil boom was China. Taiwan also carried on, as in previous years with the Chinese Petroleum Corporation as the only operator. Japanese and South Korean activities were at approximately the same level as in previous years, although drilling did start in the joint development zone. Total production of the Far East reporting region declined slightly. One significant aspect of 1980 petroleum activities throughout the Far East region is the growing acceptance by various Far East countries of Asian investment for developing and exploring for hydrocarbons. Japan is the major investor, but South Korean interests and the Chinese Petroleum Corporation also began to invest in petroleum rights in other Asian countries. The main area for investment continued to be Indonesia. 39 figures, 9 tables.

  19. Health burden of skin lesions at low arsenic exposure through groundwater in Pakistan. Is river the source?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fatmi, Zafar, E-mail: zafar.fatmi@aku.edu [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan); Azam, Iqbal; Ahmed, Faiza; Kazi, Ambreen; Gill, Albert Bruce; Kadir, Muhmmad Masood; Ahmed, Mubashir; Ara, Naseem; Janjua, Naveed Zafar [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A significant proportion of groundwater in south Asia is contaminated with arsenic. Pakistan has low levels of arsenic in groundwater compared with China, Bangladesh and India. A representative multi-stage cluster survey conducted among 3874 persons {>=}15 years of age to determine the prevalence of arsenic skin lesions, its relation with arsenic levels and cumulative arsenic dose in drinking water in a rural district (population: 1.82 million) in Pakistan. Spot-urine arsenic levels were compared among individuals with and without arsenic skin lesions. In addition, the relation of age, body mass index, smoking status with arsenic skin lesions was determined. The geographical distribution of the skin lesions and arsenic-contaminated wells in the district were ascertained using global positioning system. The total arsenic, inorganic and organic forms, in water and spot-urine samples were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The prevalence of skin lesions of arsenic was estimated for complex survey design, using surveyfreq and surveylogistic options of SAS 9.1 software.The prevalence of definitive cases i.e. hyperkeratosis of both palms and soles, was 3.4 per 1000 and suspected cases i.e. any sign of arsenic skin lesions (melanosis and/or keratosis), were 13.0 per 1000 among {>=}15-year-old persons in the district. Cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) was calculated from levels of arsenic in water and duration of use of current drinking water source. Prevalence of skin lesions increases with cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) in drinking water and arsenic levels in urine. Skin lesions were 2.5-fold among individuals with BMI <18.5 kg/m{sup 2}. Geographically, more arsenic-contaminated wells and skin lesions were alongside Indus River, suggests a strong link between arsenic contamination of groundwater with proximity to river.This is the first reported epidemiological and clinical evidence of arsenic skin lesions due to groundwater in Pakistan. Further investigations and focal mitigation measures for arsenic may be carried out alongside Indus River.

  20. The mediation of environmental assessment's influence: What role for power?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cashmore, Matthew, E-mail: cashmore@plan.aau.dk [Danish Centre for Environmental Assessment, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen, A.C. Meyers Vaenge 15, DK-2450 Copenhagen SV (Denmark); Axelsson, Anna [Naturskyddsforeningen, Box 4625, 116 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Considerable empirical research has been conducted on why policy tools such as environmental assessment (EA) often appear to have 'little effect' (after Weiss) on policy decisions. This article revisits this debate but looks at a mediating factor that has received limited attention to-date in the context of EA - political power. Using a tripartite analytical framework, a comparative analysis of the influence and significance of power in mediating environmental policy integration is undertaken. Power is analysed, albeit partially, through an exploration of institutions that underpin social order. Empirically, the research examines the case of a new approach to policy-level EA (essentially a form of Strategic Environmental Assessment) developed by the World Bank and its trial application to urban environmental governance and planning in Dhaka mega-city, Bangladesh. The research results demonstrate that power was intimately involved in mediating the influence of the policy EA approach, in both positive (enabling) and negative (constraining) ways. It is suggested that the policy EA approach was ultimately a manifestation of a corporate strategy to maintain the powerful position of the World Bank as a leading authority on international development which focuses on knowledge generation. Furthermore, as constitutive of an institution and reflecting the worldviews of its proponents, the development of a new approach to EA also represents a significant power play. This leads us to, firstly, emphasise the concepts of strategy and intentionality in theorising how and why EA tools are employed, succeed and fail; and secondly, reflect on the reasons why power has received such limited attention to-date in EA scholarship. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conducts empirical research on the neglected issue of power. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Employs an interpretation of power in which it is viewed as a productive phenomenon. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Analyses the influence of power in the trial application of a new approach to policy environmental assessment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Demonstrates the importance of power dynamics in understanding the successes and failures of environmental assessment.

  1. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  2. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  3. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).