Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps.

2

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

3

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

4

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Reflector Lamp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp Objective LED reflector lamp The goal of this project is to develop a revolutionary new reflector lamp which offers many advantages over current incandescent reflector lamps, including: three times greater efficiency ten times the rated life greater optical and performance properties use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) to generate the light. Although LEDs have been commercially available since the late 1960’s, recent dramatic improvements in LED technology have led to white light devices with efficiencies that meet or exceed those of a standard incandescent lamp. This project will build upon these improvements to develop a new type of source for focusing light. Contact Information For more information on this project, please contact:

5

DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a final rule regarding the request for exclusion of 100 Watt R20 short incandescent reflector lamps from energy conservation standards.

6

2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding energy conservation standards for general service fluorescent lamps and incandescent reflector lamps, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on December 30, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

7

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps June 24, 2010 - 2:40pm...

8

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

9

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

10

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights July 21, 2009 - 5:18pm Addthis John Lippert Pretty soon, lighting is going to get a lot more efficient. New standards for incandescent reflector bulbs, general purpose fluorescent bulbs, and regular incandescent bulbs are going into effect beginning in approximately three years. You may be curious about how these standards will affect the most popular types of incandescent bulbs we've all used for so long: the common non-reflector 40-watt, 60-watt, 75-watt, and 100-watt bulbs. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (also known as EISA) requires that these incandescent bulbs use 30% less energy than today's

11

Photonically Engineered Incandescent Emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photonically engineered incandescence is disclosed. The emitter materials and photonic crystal structure can be chosen to modify or suppress thermal radiation above a cutoff wavelength, causing the emitter to selectively emit in the visible and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. An efficient incandescent lamp is enabled thereby. A method for fabricating a three-dimensional photonic crystal of a structural material, suitable for the incandescent emitter, is also disclosed.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

12

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps MediumBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

High efficiency incandescent lighting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

14

Energy-efficient incandescent lamp: Final report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Energy Conserving Incandescent Lamps", J . Brett, R.July 1981. "Filaments for Incandescent Lamps with Radiation20-22 "Energy Saving Incandescent Lamps with Infrared

Verderber, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Incandescent | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incandescent Incandescent Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

16

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

17

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

18

The incandescent disposal system  

SciTech Connect

The electrotechnology device being introduced to the low-level waste market is an Incandescent Disposal System (IDS) for volume reduction and vitrification. The process changes the composition of the waste material, usually long molecular chains, into simple molecules and elements. It renders the volume of low-level wastes to a manageable solid vitrified residue, carbon black, and a water discharge. The solid material, which has been vitrified if silica is introduced into the waste stream, is an ideal inert filler. The carbon black is non-leaching and is readily available for vitrification as it comes out of the IDS.

Smith, R.G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

halogenhiresweb.eps Description Energy-saving incandescent lightbulbs - high-resolution EPS More Documents & Publications Energy-Saving Incandescents CFL Lightbulbs CFL...

20

Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

halogenshires.jpg Description Energy-saving incandescent lighbulbs - high-resolution JPG More Documents & Publications Energy-Saving Incandescents CFL Lightbulbs Lighting Tip Card...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and collimated underwater incandescent projector. The laser-collimated underwater incandescent projector used for beamBY SUBMERGED LASERS and Incandescent Sources DESCRIPTIVE

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

SciTech Connect

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

23

General service incandescent lamp with improved efficiency  

SciTech Connect

A high efficiency general service incandescent lamp is disclosed. The disclosed improved general service incandescent lamp has an outer and an inner envelope. The inner envelope has a relatively small housing containing a halogen gas and a relatively high pressure efficient fill-gas and in which a low voltage filament is spatially disposed therein.

Berlec, I.

1985-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

24

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as any 1ong-li incandescent lamp or system evaluated in thisEFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGYEFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Visible Spectrum Incandescent Selective Emitter  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the work performed was to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel bi-layer selective emitter. Selective emitters are incandescent radiant bodies with emissivities that are substantially larger in a selected part of the radiation spectrum, thereby significantly shifting their radiated spectral distribution from that of a blackbody radiating at the same temperature. The major research objectives involved answering the following questions: (1) What maximum VIS/NIR radiant power and emissivity ratios can be attained at 2650 K? (2) What is the observed emitter body life and how does its performance vary with time? (3) What are the design tradeoffs for a dual heating approach in which both an internally mounted heating coil and electrical resistance self-heating are used? (4) What are the quantitative improvements to be had from utilizing a bi-layer emitter body with a low emissivity inner layer and a partially transmissive outer layer? Two approaches to obtaining selective emissivity were investigated. The first was to utilize large optical scattering within an emitter material with a spectral optical absorption that is much greater within the visible spectrum than that within the NIR. With this approach, an optically thick emitter can radiate almost as if optically thin because essentially, scattering limits the distance below the surface from which significant amounts of internally generated radiation can emerge. The performance of thin emitters was also investigated (for optically thin emitters, spectral emissivity is proportional to spectral absorptivity). These emitters were fabricated from thin mono-layer emitter rods as well as from bi-layer rods with a thin emitter layer mounted on a substrate core. With an initially estimated energy efficiency of almost three times that of standard incandescent bulbs, a number of energy, economic and environmental benefits such as less energy use and cost, reduced CO{sub 2} emissions, and no mercury contamination was initially projected. The work performed provided answers to a number of important questions. The first is that, with the investigated approaches, the maximum sustained emitter efficiencies are about 1.5 times that of a standard incandescent bulb. This was seen to be the case for both thick and thin emitters, and for both mono-layer and bi-layer designs. While observed VIS/NIR ratios represent improvements over standard incandescent bulbs, it does not appear sufficient to overcome higher cost (i.e. up to five times that of the standard bulb) and ensure commercial success. Another result is that high temperatures (i.e. 2650 K) are routinely attainable without platinum electrodes. This is significant for reducing material costs. A novel dual heating arrangement and insulated electrodes were used to attain these temperatures. Another observed characteristic of the emitter was significant grain growth soon after attaining operating temperatures. This is an undesirable characteristic that results in substantially less optical scattering and spectral selectivity, and which significantly limits emitter efficiencies to the values reported. Further work is required to address this problem.

Sonsight Inc.

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

26

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamp filaments must operate at high temperatures and for long times. To meet these requirements, the grain morphology of the wire must be controlled to reduce the propensity for grain boundary sliding. The morphology is a function of the distribution of very small pockets of potassium in the wire and the mechanical processing from ingot to wire. The behavior of the filament is directly related to the grain morphology. This paper describes the mechanism by which the potassium is incorporated into and distributed in the ingot. The elongation and spheroidization of the bubbles during hot rolling and swaging is also examined and related to the grain morphology of wire. Some indications of the relationship between grain morphology and filament behavior are also given.

Walter, J.L.; Briant, C.L. (General Electric Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 28, 2014 - 11:39pm Addthis...

28

New Reflector CFLs that Can Take the Heat  

SciTech Connect

Reflector compact fluorescent bulbs (R-CFLs) are a wise choice for the energy savvy because they offer energy savings of up to 66 percent compared to incandescent reflectors. But some R-CFLs have suffered performance problems (including premature failure) when used in high-temperature environments, such as recessed downlight fixtures located in insulated ceilings with airtight housings. To help address this issue, the U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) is working with lamp manufacturers to improve the quality and performance of screw-based reflector CFLs in high-heat applications.

Vogt, Susan

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent and Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement

30

Covered Product Category: Fluorescent Ballasts | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

can achieve large energy savings by moderating the timing and light output of lighting systems. Fluorescent lamp ballasts should have a ballast factor between 85% and 105% in...

31

Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.17 Image of incandescent tungsten ?to collect data from incandescent MWCNTs. An illustration ofand of Carbon at Incandescent Temper- atures, Physical

Singer, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Oregon Ballast Water Task Force Report on Ballast Water Management in Oregon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oregon Ballast Water Task Force Report on Ballast Water Management in Oregon #12;Oregon Ballast Water Task Force Report on Ballast Water Management in Oregon Prepared for the Oregon State Legislature October 2006 #12;Report on Ballast Water Management in Oregon-2006 Acknowledgements We would like to thank

33

Fully Integrated Ballast Controller with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Research (through CoPEC) and the Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Simplified block diagram of the two primary control loops in the ballast IC: (I) inner phase control and (2

34

Effective Ship Ballast Water Treatment System Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Besides its great effect on ship stability, ballast water causes an important problem. While a ship loads ballast water from any sea, it ... species. These species may have a great effect on the local ecological ...

Levent Bilgili; Kaan nlgeno?lu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 29, 2012 - 6:25pm Addthis Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Compared to traditional incandescents, energy-efficient lightbulbs such as energy-saving incandescents, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), and light emitting diodes (LEDs) have the following advantages: Typically use about 25%-80% less energy, saving you money

36

Covered Product Category: Fluorescent Ballasts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including fluorescent ballasts, which are a FEMP-designated product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

37

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT A Thesis-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT Approved: _________________________ Jerry M. Seitzman, Chairman

Seitzman, Jerry M.

38

Nuclear reactor reflector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor reflector is disclosed that comprises a stack of reflector blocks with vertical water flow passages to cool the reflector. The interface between blocks is opposite support points for reactor fuel rods. Water flows between the reflector and the reactor barrel from passages in a bottom block. The top block contains a flange to limit this flow and the flange has a slot to receive an alignment pin that is welded to the barrel. The pin is held in the slot by two removable shims. Alignment bars extend the length of the stack in slots machined in each block when the stack is assembled.

Hopkins, Ronald J. (Pensacola, FL); Land, John T. (Pensacola, FL); Misvel, Michael C. (Pensacola, FL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Report on the Oregon Ballast Water Management Program in 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report on the Oregon Ballast Water Management Program in 2004 #12;Acknowledgements We would like Ballast Water Management Program in 2004 Produced for the Oregon State Legislature By The Oregon Ballast State University September 2004 #12;Report on Oregon Ballast Water Management Program 2004 Executive

40

Cost effectiveness of long life incandescent lamps and energy buttons  

SciTech Connect

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen hours are determined for each lamp system. It is found that the most important component lighting cost is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial unit cost of $20.00, is the most cost-effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined.

Verderber, R.; Morse, O.

1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with time-induced incandescence (LII) has been successfully used for soot volume fraction and particle size measurements

Hahn, David W.

42

Introduction The Sun is a mass of incandescent gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 Introduction The Sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Building that our bodies contain atoms that, like most elements and their isotopes in the Solar System, were part of the molecular cloud from which the Solar System condensed, and were trapped in primitive

Nittler, Larry R.

43

EFFECT OF COAL DUST ONEFFECT OF COAL DUST ON RAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTHRAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 EFFECT OF COAL DUST ONEFFECT OF COAL DUST ON RAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTHRAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTH for Laboratory StudyFouling Mechanism / Need for Laboratory Study Mechanical Properties of Coal DustMechanical Properties of Coal Dust Grain Size AnalysisGrain Size Analysis AtterbergAtterberg LimitsLimits Specific

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

44

Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Advance Manufacture of Reflectors fact sheet describes a SunShot Initiative project being conducted research team led by the University of Arizona, which is working to develop a novel method for shaping float glass. The technique developed by this research team can drastically reduce the time required for the shaping step. By enabling mass production of solar concentrating mirrors at high speed, this project should lead to improved performance and as much as a 40% reduction in manufacturing costs for reflectors made in very high volume.

45

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John and Rongzhou Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John occur 3,4 . Tra- ditionally incandescent lighting filaments, despite being driven from equilibrium the blackbody spectrum. This suggests the pos- sibility of higher efficiency incandescent lighting, through

John, Sajeev

46

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser Induced Incandescence Dr. Adri van Duin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) Dr. Adri van Duin Associate of Engineering. Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) is a popular method to estimate the properties of soot. Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser-Induced Incandescence of Soot Using an Extended ReaxFF Reactive

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

47

A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement by detecting D. Bachalo Laser-induced incandescence (LII) has proved to be a useful diagnostic tool for spatially incandescence inten- sity, avoiding the need for ex situ calibration that typically uses a source of particles

Gülder, ?mer L.

48

L'EMISSION ELECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L'EMISSION ELECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH?RE D'IODE par M. S. KALANDYK influence devient nulle aux températures de chauffage élevées. 3. Pour une faible incandescence du platine approximativement linéaire; aux fortes incandescences, cette variation offre un caractère beaucoup plus compliqué. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

49

Glass for Reflectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... "for the 4-foot disc of glass for the Paris reflector, in place of that which has so recently resulted in ... in place of that which has so recently resulted in failure, the St. Gobain Glass Company require twelve months' time to perfect (although, be it remembered, the quality ...

HENRY BESSEMER

1878-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

50

J.-A. FLEMING. 2014 On the characteristic curves and surfaces of incandescence lamps (Courbes caractristiques des lampes incandescence) ; Phil. Mag.,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

80 J.-A. FLEMING. 2014 On the characteristic curves and surfaces of incandescence lamps (Courbes caractéristiques des lampes à incandescence) ; Phil. Mag., 5e série, t. XIX, p. 368; I885. L'auteur étudie les résistance correspondant à la force électromotrice vo à laquelle l'incandescence commence à se produire, et r

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

New and Underutilized Technology: HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts New and Underutilized Technology: HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts October 7, 2013 - 8:51am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for HID electronic/dimming ballasts within the Federal sector. Benefits Most HID electronic/dimming ballasts, typically metal halide or high-pressure sodium lamps, are currently driven by magnetic ballasts. Several manufacturers now offer electronic ballasts for these lamps, which promise better efficiency, longer lamp life, and faster startup and re-strike. Application HID electronic/dimming ballasts are applicable in exterior/security lighting and facilities with high bay areas. Key Factors for Deployment Federal agencies must evaluate relative costs, benefits, and application of

52

SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics

53

Report on the Oregon Ballast Water Management Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report on the Oregon Ballast Water Management Program in 2002 #12;Report on the Oregon Ballast Water Management Program in 2002 Produced for the Oregon State Legislature by Jordan Vinograd and Mark Water Task Force December 2002 #12;Report on Oregon Ballast Water Management Program in 2002 i Executive

54

L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L'?MISSION ?LECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH?RE D'IODE par M. PIERRE JEZ],du platine incandescent ~dans une atmosphère d'iode en fonction : 1, de la température ; 2, du temps; 3, de électrodes, d'un grillage métallique pour éviter les influences extérieures. L'incandescence des électrodes s

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

LE RAYONNEMENT DES MANCHONS A INCANDESCENCE ; Par M. H. RUBENS1).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

306 LE RAYONNEMENT DES MANCHONS A INCANDESCENCE ; Par M. H. RUBENS1). 1. - INTRODUCTION. Les remarquables propriétés du manchon à incandescence Auer ont dès l'origine excité au plus haut point l été entreprises par Langley pour la lampe à incandescence au pétrole avec l'aide de ses bolomètres

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

PROCD RAPIDE POUR LA PHOTOMTRIE DES BECS A INCANDESCENCE PAR LE GAZ (1) ;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

469 PROC?D? RAPIDE POUR LA PHOTOM?TRIE DES BECS A INCANDESCENCE PAR LE GAZ (1) ; Par P. LAURIOL. Les essais des becs à incandescence par le gaz destinés à l'éclai- rage public comportent un très pendant une série de mesures. On emploie une lampe à incandescence électrique dont on #12;471 maintint la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

57

MISSION CATHODIQUE A L'INTRIEUR DES LAMPES A INCANDESCENCE ; par M. L. HOULLEVIGUE (1).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

523 ?MISSION CATHODIQUE A L'INT?RIEUR DES LAMPES A INCANDESCENCE ; par M. L. HOULLEVIGUE (1). I. Lorsqu'on survolte fortement une lampe à incandescence à filament de charbon, par exemple en mettant sous incandescent. ' , Fic.. 1. Tous ces effets peuvent être attribués, en première analyse, aux électrons émanés du

Boyer, Edmond

58

Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors  

SciTech Connect

The main project objective has been to develop an advanced gravity sag method for molding large glass solar reflectors with either line or point focus, and with long or short focal length. The method involves taking standard sized squares of glass, 1.65 m x 1.65 m, and shaping them by gravity sag into precision steel molds. The method is designed for high volume manufacture when incorporated into a production line with separate pre-heating and cooling. The performance objectives for the self-supporting glass mirrors made by this project include mirror optical accuracy of 2 mrad root mean square (RMS), requiring surface slope errors <1 mrad rms, a target not met by current production of solar reflectors. Our objective also included development of new methods for rapidly shaping glass mirrors and coating them for higher reflectivity and soil resistance. Reflectivity of 95% for a glass mirror with anti-soil coating was targeted, compared to the present ~94% with no anti-soil coating. Our mirror cost objective is ~$20/m2 in 2020, a significant reduction compared to the present ~$35/m2 for solar trough mirrors produced for trough solar plants. During the first year a custom batch furnace was built to develop the method with high power radiative heating to simulate transfer of glass into a hot slumping zone in a production line. To preserve the original high polish of the float glass on both front and back surfaces, as required for a second surface mirror, the mold surface is machined to the required shape as grooves which intersect the glass at cusps, reducing the mold contact area to significantly less than 1%. The mold surface is gold-plated to reflect thermal radiation. Optical metrology of glass replicas made with the system has been carried out with a novel, custom-built test system. This test provides collimated, vertically-oriented parallel beams from a linear array of co-aligned lasers translated in a perpendicular direction across the reflector. Deviations of each reflected beam from the paraboloid focus give a direct measure of surface slope error. Key findings A gravity sag method for large (2.5 m2) second surface glass solar reflectors has been developed and demonstrated to a uniquely high level of accuracy. Mirror surface slope accuracy of 0.65 mrad in one dimension, 0.85 mrad in 2 dimensions (point focus) has been demonstrated by commercial partner REhnu using this process. This accuracy exceeds by a factor of two current solar reflector accuracy. Our replicas meet the Sunshot accuracy objective of 2 mrad optical, which requires better than 1 mrad rms slope error. Point-focus as well as line-focus mirrors have been demonstrated at 1.65 m x 1.65 m square a unique capability. The new process using simple molds is economical. The molds for the 1.65 m square reflectors are bent and machined steel plates on a counter-weighted flotation support. To minimize thermal coupling by radiative heat transfer, the mold surface is grooved and gilded. The molds are simple to manufacture, and have minimal thermal stresses and distortion in use. Lapping and bending techniques have been developed to obtain better than 1 mrad rms surface mold accuracy. Float glass is sagged into the molds by rapid radiative heating, using a custom high power (350 kW) furnace. The method of manufacture is well suited for small as well as large volume production, and as it requires little capital investment and no high technology, it could be used anywhere in the world to make solar concentrating reflectors. A novel slope metrology method for full 1.65 aperture has been demonstrated, with 25 mm resolution across the face of the replicas. The method is null and therefore inherently accurate: it can easily be reproduced without high-tech equipment and does not need sophisticated calibration. We find by cross calibration with reference trough reflectors from RioGlass that our null-test laser system yields a measurement accuracy better than 0.4 mrad rms slope error. Our system is inexpensive and could have broad application for test

Angel, Roger [University of Arizona

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: HID Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Systems Evaluation of Electronic Ballasts and Related Controls for HID Lighting Systems Objective HID ballast The goal of this project is to evaluate the potential of electronic ballasts and related controls for HID lighting systems to improve the efficiency of current technology. The specific objectives of this project are to: Test, analyze and determine the potential of electronic ballasts for HID lighting systems in cooperation with manufacturers as an emerging energy efficient technology to reduce lighting loads in commercial, industrial and municipal applications. Identify control strategies to further improve the energy efficiency of these systems with a municipal partner. Provide appropriate recommendations for incorporating these technologies into current state codes and regulations.

60

Apparatus to facilitate lengthening the life of incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

An energizing circuit is described for an incandescent bulb comprising a transformer having a primary winding connectable to an AC mains source and first and second secondary windings for producing first and second voltages. The first secondary winding is connected to an input of a first full-wave rectifier means and the second secondary winding is connected to an input of a second full-wave rectifier means, the full-wave rectifier means having outputs connected in parallel across the bulb. The first voltage is sufficient to fully illuminate the bulb and the second voltage is sufficient to maintain the bulb warm but with little or no light output, a first switch being connected between the first secondary winding and the first rectifier means whereby, when the first switch is open, the bulb is energized solely by the second voltage.

Spissinger, F.H.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Custom Spectral Shaping for EMI Reduction in Electronic Ballasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modulating waveforms, for custom spectral shaping of the fundamental harmonic of electronic ballastsCustom Spectral Shaping for EMI Reduction in Electronic Ballasts Sandra Johnson, Yan Yin, Regan Zane Colorado Power Electronics Center University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, Colorado 80309

62

L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L'?MISSION ?LECTRIQUE DU TUNGST?NE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH?RE D'IODE. par S. KALANDYK'émission négative du tungstène; l'influence de l'iode est prépondérante aux basses températures d'incandescence 3. L vapeur d'iode augmente l'émis sion électrique négative du platine incandescent. L'influence de l'iode se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Fluorescent ballast and lamp disposal issues  

SciTech Connect

All around the world, governments, utility companies, and private businesses are attempting to reduce the amount of energy consumed. In the US alone, new economic strategies and programs are being created to facilitate this process. For instance, the recent enactment of the National Energy Policy Act, the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) Green Lights Program, and a surge of utility involvement in Demand Side Management (DSM) Commercial/Industrial Direct Install and Rebate Programs. Many of these problems target commercial/industrial lighting system retrofits as one of the most cost effective avenues for reducing the consumption of energy. Due to this trend, hundreds of millions of lighting ballasts and lamps are being discarded. The benefits of these programs result in enormous reductions in fossil fuels (and subsequent carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide emissions) required to generate the displaced electricity. Throughout the US, however, there is an increasing concern for the environmental impacts surrounding the accelerated disposal of both lighting ballasts and lamps. Regulations initially established were for a one by one, retirement (failure) process rather than promoted obsolescence and forced retirement of lamp groups or entire systems (truckloads of old technologies). Recognizing this trend and the potential negative environmental effects, federal, state, and local regulators are reevaluating the impacts and are being asked to promulgate policies to specifically address this situation.

Leishman, D.L. [Alta Resource Management Services, Inc., Springfield, MA (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Computational Modeling of Ballast Tanks to Improve Understanding and Maximize Effectiveness of Management Practices and Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Modeling of Ballast Tanks to Improve Understanding and Maximize Effectiveness tanks exchange coastal ballast water with mid-ocean seawater (referred to as "ballast water exchange of high-resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to model ballast tank water flow and to predict EE

65

Performance of Geogrid Reinforced Ballast under Dynamic Loading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Railroad ballast consists of open graded crushed stone used as a bed for railroad track to provide stability. It plays a significant role in providing support for the track base and distributing the load to the weaker ...

Jowkar, Milad

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Appendix B Page B-1 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Manual August 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................B-18 K-2 Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps..................................................

67

Disinfection of Ballast Water with Iron Activated Persulfate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lack of harmful byproducts produced during application makes PS an attractive alternative to other biocides currently in use for ballast water treatments and merits further testing at a larger scale. ... Waldemer, R. H.; Tratnyek, P. G.; Johnson, R. L.; Nurmi, J. T.Oxidation of chlorinated ethenes by heat-activated persulfate: kinetics and products Environ. ... Here, the authors examine the efficacy of the ballast water biocides SeaKleen and Peraclean Ocean, and the chlorine dioxide biocide Vibrex. ...

Samyoung Ahn; Tawnya D. Peterson; Jason Righter; Danielle M. Miles; Paul G. Tratnyek

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

68

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Berkeley, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, T.L.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

70

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED options to choose replacement light bulbs. You can save energy and money by replacing any standard incandescent from The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes, LRC 1993. Lighting Energy Use by Room BR · Note the type

Bystroff, Chris

71

Performance of "Ultra-High" Efficient Electronic Ballast for HID Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Index Terms--Electronic ballast, HID lamps, resonant inverter, power loss modeling, Silicon Carbide (Si of >95% for the ballast. Diode bridge rectifier EMI filter Resonant Inverter Power Factor Correction 75423, USA Abstract--A new electronic ballast circuit for High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps

Tolbert, Leon M.

72

Zero energy-storage ballast for compact fluorescent lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A CFL ballast includes complementary-type switching devices connected in series with their gates connected together at a control node. The switching devices supply a resonant tank circuit which is tuned to a frequency near, but slightly lower than, the resonant frequency of a resonant control circuit. As a result, the tank circuit restarts oscillations immediately following each zero crossing of the bus voltage. Such rapid restarts avoid undesirable flickering while maintaining the operational advantages and high efficacy of the CFL ballast. 4 figs.

Schultz, W.N.; Thomas, R.J.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

ISSUANCE 2014-12-29: Energy Conservation Program: Clarification for Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Clarification for Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts

74

Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than their 100-year old incandescent ancestors. However,Hz core-coil ballasts. Incandescent lighting consumes aboutthe developing world, incandescent lamps drive peak demand,

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry Speaker(s): Francis Rubinstein Date: February 14, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Fluorescent lamp ballasts are subject to DOE appliance standards and rulemaking. But currently, only ballasts for older fluorescent lamp types, such as T-12 lamps are subject to minimum efficacy limits. The majority of fluorescent lamps now being shipped (T-8 and T-5 types) type are operated by ballasts that will not be subject to DOE rule until 2011. The metric used by DOE for characterizing the electrical efficiency of the fluorescent lamp-ballast system is called Ballast Efficacy Factor (BEF). Because BEF is not normalized, it is of limited utility for rulemaking and is useless for procurement. But by normalizing BEF to the total lamp power, I have

76

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier DOE Hydrogen Program Contractors biomass #12;Approach Outline Gasifier Pilot Plant· Develop subsystems for the hydrogen production system and pyrolysis occur simultaneously in a single reactor · Exothermic combustion provides heat · Endothermic

77

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Profile Lighting Equipment - Type and Characteristics of Equipment Emits Found In Incandescent Incandescent Light Bulb Produces light by electrically heating a tungsten filament Includes energy-efficient incandescent bulbs, such as Reflector or R-Lamps (accent and task lighting), Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) lamps (flood and spot lighting), and Ellipsoidal Reflector (ER) lamps (recessed lighting) Highly inefficient because much of the energy is lost as heat 14-18 Lumens Per Watt (LPW) 14% of Lit Commercial Floorspace Standard Fluorescent Lighting with Magnetic Ballast Standard Fluorescent with Magnetic Ballast Produces light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, causing the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce

78

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Bulbs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Artificial lighting systems are transitioning from incandescent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs in response to the U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act and the EU Ecodesign Directive, which leads to energy savings and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. ... The CFLs and LEDs have higher resource depletion and toxicity potentials than the incandescent bulb due primarily to their high aluminum, copper, gold, lead, silver, and zinc. ... mercury pollution; redn. in electricity demand from the substitution of incandescent bulbs with fluorescents leads to reduced mercury emissions during the use of the bulb. ...

Seong-Rin Lim; Daniel Kang; Oladele A. Ogunseitan; Julie M. Schoenung

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

79

Distributed Bragg Reflectors With Reduced Optical Absorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of distributed Bragg reflectors has been developed. These distributed Bragg reflectors comprise interlayers positioned between sets of high-index and low-index quarter-wave plates. The presence of these interlayers is to reduce photon absorption resulting from spatially indirect photon-assisted electronic transitions between the high-index and low-index quarter wave plates. The distributed Bragg reflectors have applications for use in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for use at 1.55 .mu.m and at other wavelengths of interest.

Klem, John F. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

82

Creating markets for new products to replace incandescent lamps: The international experience  

SciTech Connect

Since the summer of 1995, several organizations have been in pursuit of what many consider the Holy Grail of lighting technology--a low-cost, drop-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international experience in attempting to catalyze the commercialization of a mass-market, replacement product that could have major impact on residential lighting energy consumption in US and EU homes. The technology procurement effort was originally spearheaded by US Federal Government through a loose collaboration between the Department of Defense (DoD), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The DoD agreed to serve as the anchor buyer for a low-cost, drop-in replacement product for standard-sized light bulbs that provide at least 30 percent energy savings compared to traditional incandescent lamps. In parallel to the US effort, the International Energy Agency launched a co-operative technology procurement effort by assembling large buyers' groups in Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom to pull a similar efficient lighting product into the European market. The lukewarm response from lamp manufacturers to these two technology procurement efforts illustrates the challenges of transforming residential lighting from incandescent to efficient lighting.

Rubinstein, F.; Borg, N.; Horowitz, N.; Narel, T.; Morehouse, E.T. Jr.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Solar central receiver heliostat reflector assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heliostat reflector assembly for a solar central receiver system comprises a light-weight, readily assemblable frame which supports a sheet of stretchable reflective material and includes mechanism for selectively applying tension to and positioning the sheet to stretch it to optical flatness. The frame is mounted on and supported by a pipe pedestal assembly that, in turn, is installed in the ground. The frame is controllably driven in a predetermined way by a light-weight drive system so as to be angularly adjustable in both elevation and azimuth to track the sun and efficiently continuously reflect the sun's rays to a focal zone, i.e. central receiver, which forms part of a solar energy utilization system, such as a solar energy fueled electrical power generation system. The frame may include a built-in system for testing for optical flatness of the reflector. The preferable geometric configuration of the reflector is octagonal; however, it may be other shapes, such as hexagonal, pentagonal or square. Several different embodiments of means for tensioning and positioning the reflector to achieve optical flatness are disclosed. The reflector assembly is based on the stretch frame concept which provides an extremely light-weight, simple, low-cost reflector assembly that may be driven for positioning and tracking by a light-weight, inexpensive drive system.

Horton, Richard H. (Schenectady, NY); Zdeb, John J. (Clifton Park, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Utility DSM Rebates for electronic ballasts: National estimates and market impact (1992 - 1997)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 GENERAL DEVELOPMENTS IN DSM AND ENERGY EFFICIENCYFigure 1. Ballast Shipment and DSM Rebate Data . . . . .utility Demand-Side Management (DSM) rebates for electronic

Busch, C.B.; Atkinson, B.A.; Eto, J.H.; Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Killing Effects of Hydroxyl Radical on Algae and Bacteria in Ships Ballast Water and on Their Cell Morphology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the method of strong electric-field discharge, the treatments of ships ballast water [13, 14] and red tide in ocean [5...] using OH radicals were performed in our laboratory. Based on the D-2 ballast water...

Mindong Bai; Zhitao Zhang; Xiaohong Xue

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Bacteria in Ballast Water: The Shipping Industry's Contributions to the Transport and Distribution of Microbial Species in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the ballast tank bacterial community has not been examined. This study is the first to characterize the total bacterial community within a ballast tank by constructing a clone library from a ballast water sample from a cargo ship in the Port of Houston...

Neyland, Elizabeth B.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

87

Dual annular rotating "windowed" nuclear reflector reactor control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core.

Jacox, Michael G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Drexler, Robert L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Hunt, Robert N. M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lake, James A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A theoretical study of the incandescent filament lamp performance under voltage flicker  

SciTech Connect

Incandescent filament lamp flicker, produced by voltage fluctuation, is a power quality problem that caused engineering concern since the onset of electrical illumination technology. The flicker phenomenon was analyzed and explained in early studies. Standards dealing with acceptable flicker levels are well known, nevertheless, today the discussion about flicker continues to be a top priority topic due to the fact that steady-state and transient voltage waveform distortion is a growing problem in low and medium voltage systems. In many situations voltage flicker is caused by subharmonics and interharmonics of voltage. Cycloconverters, welders and arc furnaces, eccentrically operating tools and integral cycle controlled power equipment are notorious for producing voltage flicker. The goal of this paper is to provide solid mathematical basis for the analytical modeling of incandescent filament lamp flicker when the voltage is nonsinusoidal. A mathematical model that enables the evaluation of the luminous flux modulation caused by noninteger harmonics (subharmonics and interharmonics) is presented. Three situations are detailed: square-wave voltage modulation, sinusoidal modulation and the case of noninteger harmonics with nearly contiguous frequencies.

Peretto, L. [Univ. of Bologna (Italy)] [Univ. of Bologna (Italy); Emanuel, A.E. [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., MA (United States)] [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., MA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The US has a standard for incandescent non-reflector lamps.ve ,S m L mc ,L ve ,S m Incandescent Lamps and Luminaires SFluorescent lamps Incandescent reflector lamps Incandescent

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Manufacture of Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

91

The provenance of the stone ballast from the Molasses Reef Wreck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ballast-mound strati graphy was recorded 13 Sorted ballast from section 13 of the LM cross section 15 Original hand-specimen sample form. 18 A simpiified hand-specimen sample form employed on the centerline cross section ba 1 I ast stones 18... reasonably well but the l2 Figure 2. View of the MRW ballast mound from the south end. (Photo courtesy of INA staff) 0 1 2 1" 1 I 0-aa 0- 1 ~ LM TRANSECT MN TRANSECT 04 TRANSECT MID 4 THAHSKCT Cf NTERLINK 1 - 1 33 KL TRANSECT NORTH \\3 3031...

Lamb, William Reginald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

93

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACTBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and lighting dominantly incandescent. LED) replace Althoughare similar, LED incandescent efficacies are expected toUse (TWh) a Lighting (incandescent, including reflector

Garbesi, Karina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACTBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Max Tech and Beyond: Fluorescent Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Finalmany end- use applications. Incandescent Outdoor Stationaryof color compared with the incandescent reference source is

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Ecosystem under pressure: Ballast water discharge into Galveston Bay, Texas (USA) from 2005 to 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ballast water exchange processes facilitate the dispersal and unnatural geographic expansion of phytoplankton, including harmful algal bloom species. From 2005 to 2010, over 45,000 vessels (?8000 annually) travelled across Galveston Bay (Texas, USA) to the deep-water ports of Houston (10th largest in the world), Texas City and Galveston. These vessels (primarily tankers and bulkers) discharged ?1.2נ108metrictons of ballast water; equivalent to ?3.4% of the total volume of the Bay. Over half of the ballast water discharged had a coastwise origin, 96% being from US waters. Galveston Bay has fewer non-indigenous species but receives a higher volume of ballast water discharge, relative to the highly invaded Chesapeake and San Francisco Bays. Given the magnitude of shipping traffic, the role of Galveston Bay, both as a recipient and donor region of non-indigenous phytoplankton species is discussed here in terms of the invasibility risk to this system by way of ballast water.

Jamie L. Steichen; Rachel Windham; Robin Brinkmeyer; Antonietta Quigg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Impact of HFIR LEU Conversion on Beryllium Reflector Degradation Factors  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the impact of low enriched uranium (LEU) conversion on the factors that may cause the degradation of the beryllium reflector is performed for the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). The computational methods, models, and tools, comparisons with previous work, along with the results obtained are documented and discussed in this report. The report documents the results for the gas and neutronic poison production, and the heating in the beryllium reflector for both the highly enriched uranium (HEU) and LEU HFIR configurations, and discusses the impact that the conversion to LEU may have on these quantities. A time-averaging procedure was developed to calculate the isotopic (gas and poisons) production in reflector. The sensitivity of this approach to different approximations is gauged and documented. The results show that the gas is produced in the beryllium reflector at a total rate of 0.304 g/cycle for the HEU configuration; this rate increases by ~12% for the LEU case. The total tritium production rate in reflector is 0.098 g/cycle for the HEU core and approximately 11% higher for the LEU core. A significant increase (up to ~25%) in the neutronic poisons production in the reflector during the operation cycles is observed for the LEU core, compared to the HEU case, for regions close to the core s horizontal midplane. The poisoning level of the reflector may increase by more than two orders of magnitude during long periods of downtime. The heating rate in the reflector is estimated to be approximately 20% lower for the LEU core than for the HEU core. The decrease is due to a significantly lower contribution of the heating produced by the gamma radiation for the LEU core. Both the isotopic (gas and neutronic poisons) production and the heating rates are spatially non-uniform throughout the beryllium reflector volume. The maximum values typically occur in the removable reflector and close to the midplane.

Ilas, Dan [ORNL] ORNL

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Field Validated Discrete Element Model for Railroad Ballast Erol Tutumluer, Yu Qian, Youssef Y.M.A. Hashash, and Jamshid Ghaboussi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a curve at the TTC FAST test track. During the ballast layer construction, settlement plates were also

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

100

Method of making reflecting film reflector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflector of the reflecting film type is disclosed and which may be used in a heliostatic system for concentrating solar energy and comprising a reflecting film bonded to an appropriate rigid substrate in such a way that specularity of a very high order is achieved. A method of bonding the reflecting film to the substrate is also disclosed and comprises the steps of initially adhering the film to a smooth, clean flat rigid surface with a non-bonding liquid between the rigid surface and film, and then bonding the substrate and film. The non-bonding liquid has a molecular adhesion greater than any stresses due to handling or curing of the bonding agent which is applied between the film and the opposing surface of the rigid substrate.

Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Optical Durability of Candidate Solar Reflectors for Concentrating Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies use large mirrors to collect sunlight to convert thermal energy to electricity. The viability of CSP systems requires the development of advanced reflector materials that are low in cost and maintain high specular reflectance for extended lifetimes under severe outdoor environments. The long-standing goals for a solar reflector are specular reflectance above 90% into a 4 mrad half-cone angle for at least 10 years outdoors with a cost of less than $13.8/m{sup 2} (the 1992 $10.8/m{sup 2} goal corrected for inflation to 2002 dollars) when manufactured in large volumes. Durability testing of a variety of candidate solar reflector materials at outdoor test sites and in laboratory accelerated weathering chambers is the main activity within the Advanced Materials task of the CSP Program at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado. Test results to date for several candidate solar reflector materials will be presented. These include the optical durability of thin glass, thick glass, aluminized reflectors, front-surface mirrors, and silvered polymer mirrors. The development, performance, and durability of these materials will be discussed. Based on accelerated exposure testing the glass, silvered polymer, and front-surface mirrors may meet the 10 year lifetime goals, but at this time because of significant process changes none of the commercially available solar reflectors and advanced solar reflectors have demonstrated the 10 year or more aggressive 20 year lifetime goal.

Kennedy, C. E.; Terwilliger, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of ballast life-cycle cost and payback period  

SciTech Connect

The paper introduces an innovative methodology for evaluating the relative significance of energy-efficient technologies applied to fluorescent lamp ballasts. The method involves replacing the point estimates of life cycle cost of the ballasts with uncertainty distributions reflecting the whole spectrum of possible costs, and the assessed probability associated with each value. The results of uncertainty and sensitivity analyses will help analysts reduce effort in data collection and carry on analysis more efficiently. These methods also enable policy makers to gain an insightful understanding of which efficient technology alternatives benefit or cost what fraction of consumers, given the explicit assumptions of the analysis.

McMahon, James E.; Liu, Xiaomin; Turiel, Ike; Hakim, Sajid; Fisher, Diane

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lamps in Texas Description Value Reference Total Housing Units in Texas in 2013: 10,204,056 Real Estate Center, Texas A&M University3, U.S. Census Bureau4 5 Average Lighting Electricity Usage per House: 1,946 kWh/yr NREL Building America Program6... Savings in Texas: 10,424,973 MWh/yr OSD CFL Savings in Texas: 28,562 MWh/day By 2013, it is estimated that total savings of 10,424,973 MWh/yr would be achieved from replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) in residential...

Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

104

Solar cell comprising a plasmonic back reflector and method therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming a solar cell having a plasmonic back reflector is disclosed. The method includes the formation of a nanoimprinted surface on which a metal electrode is conformally disposed. The surface structure of the nanoimprinted surface gives rise to a two-dimensional pattern of nanometer-scale features in the metal electrode enabling these features to collectively form the plasmonic back reflector.

Ding, I-Kang; Zhu, Jia; Cui, Yi; McGehee, Michael David

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

105

Ballasts: Handling, Storage and Procedure: 8.40 Created: 07/01/2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of industrial compounds produced by chlorination of biphenyl, noted primarily as an environmental pollutant applies to all Contractors, Project Managers, Facilities Operations and Environmental Health & Safety (EH-lamping activities and construction/renovation activities at Columbia University. Ballasts manufactured before 1978

Jia, Songtao

106

Comparison of 60-Hz electric fields and incandescent light as aversive stimuli controlling the behavior of rats  

SciTech Connect

Rats were exposed to two procedures which enabled them to press a lever to turn off a 90 or 100 kV/m 60-Hz electric field or, later in the study, illumination from an incandescent lamp. Under one procedure, a response turned off the stimulus for a fixed duration, after which the stimulus was turned on again. A response during the off-period restarted the fixed duration. None of the rats turned the field off reliably. Next, under an alternative procedure, pressing one lever turned the field off; pressing the other lever turned it back on; responding under those conditions differed little from that seen at 0 kV/m. Under both procedures, when illumination from an incandescent lamp served as the stimulus, each rat did turn the stimulus off, and performances varied with stimulus intensity. The results show that a 100 kV/m 60-Hz electric field is not sufficient to function as an aversive stimulus under two procedures where illumination from a lamp does function as an aversive stimulus.

Stern, S.; Laties, V.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System - Methodology and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Documents U.S. Rulemaking Documents TSL 4 PHP IncandescentLamps Incandescent Lamps Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts kWh/yrand T5 fluorescent tubes, incandescent lamps, CFLs, Halogen

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE AND FIELD INSPECTION CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Watts: 1. Type of luminaire (i.e.: post top, wall pack, surface, shoe box); for non-incandescent luminaires, indicate nominal lamp wattage and lamp type ( i.e.: fluorescent, incandescent, HID); ballast type. For incandescent luminaires, the lum

109

Theoretical and experimental investigations into the particular features of the process of converting coal gas hydrocarbons on incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect

The prospects of the use of reducing gases in ferrous metallurgy and the possibilities for using them as a basis for coke production have been presented by the authors of the present article in the past. In the present report, the authors present certain results of theoretical and experimental investigations into the process of converting coal gas hydrocarbons on incandescent coke. The modification of the present-day method of thermodynamically calculating stable compositions of coking products, which was developed by the authors, has made it possible to apply it to specific chemical systems and process conditions not met with before, such as the conversion of hydrocarbons in mixtures of actual industrial gases (coal gas and blast furnace gas) in the presence of carbon and considerable amounts of hydrogen.

Zubilin, I.G.; Umanskii, V.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

2015-01-28 Issuance: Test Procedure for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts; Final Rule Correction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule correction regarding test procedures for fluorescent lamp ballasts, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on January 28, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

111

Dual annular rotating [open quotes]windowed[close quotes] nuclear reflector reactor control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core. 4 figures.

Jacox, M.G.; Drexler, R.L.; Hunt, R.N.M.; Lake, J.A.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

112

STIFFENED SPRINGBACK REFLECTORS L.T. Tan and S. Pellegrino  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STIFFENED SPRINGBACK REFLECTORS L.T. Tan and S. Pellegrino Department of Engineering, University plastic (CFRP). The whole structure is made as a single piece, without any expensive and potentially the reliability of the system. This paper proposes a modification of the original concept, based on the idea

Pellegrino, Sergio

113

Disordered animal multilayer reflectors and the localization of light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the more weakly disordered guanine-cytoplasm...However, silvery protein structures around...system) are highly disordered and have sigma R...matrix models of protein-cytoplasm reflectors...stack model of a disordered animal multilayer...reflectivity spectrum of an ensemble (spatial) average...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next-Generation Low-Cost Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

115

DOE/EA-1664: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps (June 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps June 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS...................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions............................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation................................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Global Climate Change..................................................................................................

116

2014-10-14 Issuance: Test Procedures Correction for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for fluorescent lamp ballasts, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on October 14, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

117

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

SciTech Connect

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (2006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

SciTech Connect

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (20006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Efficacy of open-ocean ballast water exchange as a means of preventing invertebrate invasions between freshwater ports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between freshwater ports Derek K. Gray Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University Lakes to European ports. Each vessel had paired ballast tanks, one of which was designated as a control ports. BWE was verified by ship records and, in two cases, by in situ water quality sensors. BWE

120

Design constraints on Cherenkov telescopes with Davies-Cotton reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the construction of high-performance ground-based gamma-ray Cherenkov telescopes with a Davies-Cotton reflector. For the design of such telescopes, usually physics constrains the field-of-view, while the photo-sensor size is defined by limited options. Including the effect of light-concentrators in front of the photo sensor, it is demonstrated that these constraints are enough to mutually constrain all other design parameters. The dependability of the various design parameters naturally arises once a relationship between the value of the point-spread functions at the edge of the field-of-view and the pixel field-of-view is introduced. To be able to include this constraint into a system of equations, an analytical description for the point-spread function of a tessellated Davies-Cotton reflector is derived from Taylor developments and ray-tracing simulations. Including higher order terms renders the result precise on the percent level. Design curves are provided within the typical phase sp...

Bretz, Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Temperature and thermal stress distributions for the HFIR permanent reflector generated by nuclear heating  

SciTech Connect

The beryllium permanent reflector of the High Flux Isotope Reactor has the main functions for slowing down and reflecting the neutrons and housing the experimental facilities. The reflector is heated as a result of the nuclear reaction. Heat is removed mainly by the cooling water passing through the densely distributed coolant holes along the vertical or axial direction of the reflector. The reflector neutronic distribution and its heating rate are calculated by J.C. Gehin of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory by applying the Monte Carlo Code MCNP. The heat transfer boundary conditions along several reflector interfaces are estimated to remove additional heat from the reflector. The present paper is to report the calculation results of the temperature and the thermal stress distributions of the permanent reflector by applying the computer aided design code I-DEAS and the finite element code ABAQUS. The present calculation is to estimate the high stress areas as a result of the new beam tube cutouts along the horizontal mid-plane of the reflector of the recent reactor upgrade project. These high stresses were not able to be calculated in the preliminary design analysis in earlier 60`s. The heat transfer boundary conditions are used in this redesigned calculation. The material constants and the acceptance criteria for the allowable stresses are mainly based on that assumed in the preliminary design report.

Chang, S.J.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

DISSERTATION ELECTRON-REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISSERTATION ELECTRON-REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS Submitted by Kuo-Jui Hsiao ELECTRON- REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS SOLAR CELLS The CdTe thin-film solar cell has a large absorption coefficient and high theoretical

Sites, James R.

123

Reflector for efficient coupling of a laser beam to air or other fluids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflector array is disclosed herein that provides a controlled region or regions of plasma breakdowns from a laser beam produced at a remotely-based laser source. The plasma may be applied to produce thrust to propel a spacecraft, or to diagnose a laser beam, or to produce shockwaves. The spacecraft propulsion system comprises a reflector array attached to the vehicle. The reflector array comprises a plurality of reflectors spaced apart on a reflective surface, with each reflector acting as an independent focusing mirror. The reflectors are spaced closely together to form a continuous or partially-continuous surface. The reflector array may be formed from a sheet of reflective material, such as copper or aluminum. In operation, a beam of electromagnetic energy, such as a laser beam, is directed at the reflectors which focus the reflected electromagnetic energy at a plurality of regions off the surface. The energy concentrated in the focal region causes a breakdown of the air or other fluid in the focal region, creating a plasma. Electromagnetic energy is absorbed in the plasma and it grows in volume, compressing and heating the adjacent fluid thereby providing thrust. Laser pulses may be applied repetitively. After each such thrust pulse, fresh air can be introduced next to the surface either laterally, or through a perforated surface. If air or some other gas or vapor is supplied, for example from a tank carried on board a vehicle, this invention may also be used to provide thrust in a vacuum environment.

Kare, Jordin T. (Pleasanton, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Reflector for efficient coupling of a laser beam to air or other fluids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflector array is disclosed herein that provides a controlled region or regions of plasma breakdowns from a laser beam produced at a remotely-based laser source. The plasma may be applied to produce thrust to propel a spacecraft, or to diagnose a laser beam, or to produce shock waves. The spacecraft propulsion system comprises a reflector array attached to the vehicle. The reflector array comprises a plurality of reflectors spaced apart on a reflective surface, with each reflector acting as an independent focusing mirror. The reflectors are spaced closely together to form a continuous or partially-continuous surface. The reflector array may be formed from a sheet of reflective material, such as copper or aluminum. In operation, a beam of electromagnetic energy, such as a laser beam, is directed at the reflectors which focus the reflected electromagnetic energy at a plurality of regions off the surface. The energy concentrated in the focal region causes a breakdown of the air or other fluid in the focal region, creating a plasma. Electromagnetic energy is absorbed in the plasma and it grows in volume, compressing and heating the adjacent fluid thereby providing thrust. Laser pulses may be applied repetitively. After each such thrust pulse, fresh air can be introduced next to the surface either laterally, or through a perforated surface. If air or some other gas or vapor is supplied, for example from a tank carried on board a vehicle, this invention may also be used to provide thrust in a vacuum environment. 10 figs.

Kare, J.T.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

125

Advanced Manufacture of Second-Surface, Silvered Glass Reflectors for High-Performance, Low-Cost CSP Collector Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Advanced Manufacture of Second-Surface, Silvered Glass Reflectors for High-Performance, Low-Cost CSP Collector Systems

126

Energy saving in lighting system with fuzzy logic controller which uses light-pipe and dimmable ballast  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Approximately, 20% of the electricity consumed in the world is spent for lighting. More efficient utilization of the sun, as a natural source of light, for lighting would save electricity used for lighting. The aim of this study is to illuminate a windowless room via a light-pipe and dimmable electronic ballasts. Light-pipe is used for the illumination of the space during the daytime. In case of inadequate daylight, artificial lighting is made via dimmable electronic ballasts and fluorescence lamps. Artificial lighting is supervised by a fuzzy logic control system to keep the illumination level at 350lux. When there is a motion in the room, the system works with the message of the motion sensor, which, thereby, enables energy saving. Additionally, dimming the lamps result in conversation of the electrical energy used for illumination. After the experimental studies, 350lux value targeted in the work plane is achieved with 10lux error.

Serta Grgl; Nazmi Ekren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Benefit of Lunar Regolith on Reflector Mass Savings  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 NASA Vision for Space Exploration calls for the return of mankind to the moon by no later than 2020, in preparation for an adventure to Mars and beyond. An envisioned lunar outpost will provide living quarters for initially 5- 10 astronauts for up to 2 weeks, and latter for science experiments, and recovery of mineral and indigenous resources for the day-to-day operation and production of propellant. These activities would require electrical and thermal powers in the order of 10's - 100's of kilowatts 24/7. Potential power options include photovoltaic, requiring massive batteries or fuel cells for energy storage during the long nights on the moon, and nuclear reactor power systems, which are much more compact and operate independent of the sun. This paper examines the benefit of using the lunar regolith as a supplemental neutron reflector on decreasing the launch mass of the Sectored Compact Reactor (SCoRe-S), developed at the Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies. In addition to providing at least $2.00 of hot-clean excess reactivity at the beginning of life, various SCoRe-S concepts investigated in this paper are at least $1.00 sub-critical when shutdown, and when the bare reactor cores are submerged in wet sand and flooded with seawater, following a launch abort accident. Design calculations performed using MCNP5 confirmed that using lunar regolith as supplementary reflector reduces the launch mass of the SCoRe-S cores by {approx} 34% - 35%, or 150 - 200 kg, while satisfying the above reactivity requirements.

Hatton, Steven A.; El-Genk, Mohamed S. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 (United States); Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 (United States)

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

128

Optimized Magnetic Components Improve Efficiency of Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

xtures (designed for incandescent bulbs) has allowed residential and small commercial electric customers of incandescent lamps and last 10 times longer [1]. High-frequency electronic ballasts are used to power CFLs

129

Preparation of nuclear libraries with deterministic and stochastic methods for LWR reflectors  

SciTech Connect

The explicit reflector methodology is used in the system of codes CASMO-5 / SIMULATE-3 to include the reflector around the active core into the computational region and avoid adopting any ad-hoc or experimental albedo coefficients as boundary conditions. However, to complete the core calculation, a set of cross sections and discontinuity factors is needed for the reflector nodes and the accuracy of these nuclear parameters influences the final results, in particular along the peripheral regions of the core. In this paper the explicit reflector methodology of CASMO-5 is adopted to evaluate the few-group cross sections and discontinuity factors of the different reflector cases, based on the design of Generation II and III LWR reactors. In addition, in the perspective of using Monte-Carlo codes as a complementary option for lattice calculations of reflector configurations, the stochastic SERPENT code is also included as part of this benchmark. With the latter, the impact of applying 2-D reflector models with homogenized materials instead of explicit representation of the real geometrical structures is moreover evaluated and shown to be limited. (authors)

Canepa, S.; Hursin, M.; Ferroukhi, H.; Pautz, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut PSI, 5232, Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

150 million compact fluorescent light bulbs in 2010. (ChinaCleaners Incandescent Bulbs Fluorescent Lamps Ballasts forincandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent lamps. Consumers

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen" "All Buildings ................",67338,64321,38156,60344,20666,19223,17926 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5859,2946,5154,738,245,600 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7464,4047,6722,1108,663,991 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,10393,6055,9815,1759,1701,1996 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",9311,9053,5004,8344,2296,2224,1611

132

Angle-tuned, evanescently-decoupled reflector for high-efficiency red light-emitting diode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose and demonstrate evanescently-decoupled, solid-angle-optimized distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) for AlGaInP light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The thickness of each DBR layer...

Kim, Sun-Kyung; Cho, Hyun K; Park, Kyung K; Jang, Junho; Lee, Jeong S; Park, Kyung W; Park, Youngho; Kim, Ju-Young; Lee, Yong-Hee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Widely-tunable femtosecond operation of Cr:LiSAF lasers using broadband saturable bragg reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a low-cost diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser, mode-locked using a broadband saturable Bragg reflector. The laser produces continuously tunable sub-200-fs pulses from 800 nm to 905 nm.

Demirbas, Umit

134

Performance Study of Thermoelectric Solar-Assisted Heat Pump with Reflectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The simultaneous conversion of solar radiation into thermal and electrical energy in a thermoelectric (TE) solar-assisted heat pump is, for the purposes of ... plate reflectors have been mounted on a TE solar col...

C. Lertsatitthanakorn; S. Soponronnarit

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Photodetector with absorbing region having resonant periodic absorption between reflectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photodetector is disclosed that is responsive to a wavelength or wavelengths of interest which have heretofore been unrealized. The photodetector includes a resonant cavity structure bounded by first and second reflectors, the resonant cavity structure being resonant at the wavelength or wavelengths of interest for containing a plurality of standing waves therein. The photodetector further includes a radiation absorbing region disposed within the resonant cavity structure, the radiation absorbing region including a plurality of radiation absorbing layers spaced apart from one another by a distance substantially equal to a distance between antinodes of adjacent ones of the standing waves. Each of radiation absorbing layers is spatially positioned at a location of one of the antinodes of one of the standing waves such that radiation absorption is enhanced. The radiation absorbing layers may be either bulk layers or quantum wells includes a plurality of layers, each of which is comprised of a strained layer of InGaAs. Individual ones of the InGaAs layers are spaced apart from one another by a GaAs barrier layer. 11 figs.

Bryan, R.P.; Olbright, G.R.; Brennan, T.M.; Tsao, J.Y.

1995-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

136

Enhanced quantum efficiency of amorphous silicon thin film solar cells with the inclusion of a rear-reflector thin film  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the growth mechanism of amorphous silicon thin films by implementing hot-wire chemical vapor deposition and fabricated thin film solar cell devices. The fabricated cells showed efficiencies of 7.5 and 8.6% for the samples without and with the rear-reflector decomposed by sputtering, respectively. The rear-reflector enhances the quantum efficiency in the infrared spectral region from 550 to 750?nm. The more stable quantum efficiency of the sample with the inclusion of a rear-reflector than the sample without the rear-reflector due to the bias effect is related to the enhancement of the short circuit current.

Park, Seungil [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of); Energy Conversions Technology Center, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Cheonan 331-825 (Korea, Republic of); Yong Ji, Hyung; Jun Kim, Myeong; Hyeon Peck, Jong [Energy Conversions Technology Center, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Cheonan 331-825 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Keunjoo, E-mail: kimk@chonbuk.ac.kr [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

137

Heavy reflector experiments in the IPEN/MB-01 reactor: Stainless steel, carbon steel and nickel  

SciTech Connect

New experiments devoted to the measurements of physical parameters of a light water core surrounded by a heavy reflector were performed in the IPEN/MB-01 research reactor facility. These experiments comprise three sets of heavy reflector (SS-304, Carbon Steel, and Nickel) in a form of laminates around 3 mm thick. Each set was introduced individually in the west face of the core of the IPEN/MB-01 reactor. The aim here is to provide high quality experimental data for the interpretation and validation of the SS-304 heavy reflector calculation methods. The experiments of Carbon Steel, which is composed mainly of iron, and Nickel were performed to provide a consistent and an interpretative check for the SS-304 reflector experiment. The experimental results comprise critical control bank positions, temperatures and reactivities as a function of the number of the plates. Particularly to the case of Nickel, the experimental data are unique of its kind. The theoretical analysis was performed by MCNP-5 with the nuclear data library ENDF/B-VII.0. It was shown that this nuclear data library has a very good performance up to thirteen plates and overestimates the reactivity for higher number of plates independently of the type of the reflector.

Santos, Adimir dos; Andrade e Silva, Graciete Simoes de; Jerez, Rogerio; Liambos Mura, Luis Felipe; Fuga, Rinaldo [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares - IPEN-CNEN/SP Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 2242 - CEP 05508-000 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

138

Advanced Reflector and Absorber Materials (Fact Sheet), Thermal Systems Group: CSP Capabilities (TSG)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ideally, we want reflector Ideally, we want reflector materials in a CSP plant to last 20 to 30 years and cost less than $2.50 per square foot (or $25 per square meter) to manufacture. Highly specular mirrors should have better than 95% reflectance into a 4-milliradian full-cone angle and should resist soiling in all outdoor conditions. NREL focuses on achieving these goals by creating and applying testing procedures that accurately predict the performance and lifetime of materials. Some testing is relatively brief, lasting several weeks, whereas other processes may take several months or even years. We evaluate the potential of reflector (mirror) and absorber (receiver) materials in the three areas described below, working with our industry partners to develop technologies that will

139

Long-range, full-duplex, modulated-reflector cell phone for voice/data transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A long-range communications apparatus utilizing modulated-reflector technology is described. The apparatus includes an energy-transmitting base station and remote units that do not emit radiation in order to communicate with the base station since modulated-reflector technology is used whereby information is attached to an RF carrier wave originating from the base station which is reflected by the remote unit back to the base station. Since the remote unit does not emit radiation, only a low-power power source is required for its operation. Information from the base station is transmitted to the remote unit using a transmitter and receiver, respectively. The range of such a communications system is determined by the properties of a modulated-reflector half-duplex link.

Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Freund, Samuel M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Wafer-Bonded Internal Back-Surface Reflectors for Enhanced TPV Performance  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses recent efforts to realize GaInAsSb/GaSb TPV cells with an internal back-surface reflector (BSR). The cells are fabricated by wafer bonding the GaInAsSb/GaSb device layers to GaAs substrates with a dielectric/Au reflector, and subsequently removing the GaSb substrate. The internal BSR enhances optical absorption within the device while the dielectric layer provides electrical isolation. This approach is compatible with monolithic integration of series-connected TPV cells and can mitigate the requirements of filters used for front-surface spectral control.

C.A. Wang; P.G. Murphy; P.W. O'Brien; D.A. Shiau; A.C. Anderson; Z.L. Liau; D.M. Depoy; G. Nichols

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

INCREASED CELL EFFICIENCY IN InGaAs THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH DIELECTRIC AND METAL BACK REFLECTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INCREASED CELL EFFICIENCY IN InGaAs THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH DIELECTRIC AND METAL BACK REFLECTORS solar cells using back reflectors. We studied absorption enhancement in InGaAs and InGaAsP thin film and metal, on InGaAs thin film solar cell performance by device modeling and nu- merical simulations. DEVICE

Atwater, Harry

142

Restoring the image of reflectors using the C-SAFT method during multiple reflection of echo signals from the boundaries of a cylindrical inspection object  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified method of combined SAFT (C-SAFT) for restoring the images of reflectors is ... obtain images of reflectors by the M-C-SAFT method using many acoustic schemes. The images...

E. G. Bazulin

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Analysis of large reflector antennas using CSP fringe formulation and higher-order diffraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of large reflector antennas using CSP fringe formulation and higher-order diffraction- tric conductor (PEC) objects when illuminated by a Complex Source Points (CSP) beam expansion (S of a CSP-expansion illumination. In this work we discuss an application of the CSP fringe formulation

Nehorai, Arye

144

Polyhedral Specular Reflector Design for Ultra-High Spectrum Splitting Solar Module Efficiencies (>50%)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polyhedral Specular Reflector Design for Ultra-High Spectrum Splitting Solar Module Efficiencies., Pasadena, CA, USA 95555-0345 ABSTRACT One pathway to achieving ultra-high solar efficiencies (>50, multijunction solar cell, solar concentrator 1. INTRODUCTION Solar cell efficiency is increased through

Atwater, Harry

145

Evaluation of Hardware and Procedures for Astronaut Assembly and Repair of Large Precision Reflectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed procedure is presented that enables astronauts in extravehicular activity (EVA) to efficiently assemble and repair large (i.e., greater than 10m-diameter) segmented reflectors, supported by a truss, for space-based optical or radio-frequency ...

Lake Mark S.; Jr Walter L. Heard; Watson Judith J.; Collins Timothy J.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A SOLAR STILL AUGMENTED WITH A FLAT-PLATE COLLECTOR AND A REFLECTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SOLAR STILL AUGMENTED WITH A FLAT-PLATE COLLECTOR AND A REFLECTOR A. Saleh A. Badran Mechanical ­ Jordan Amman ­ Jordan e-mail: asaleh@philadelphia.edu.jo e-mail: badran@ju.edu.jo ABSTRACT A solar distillation system was built and tested to study the effect of increasing the solar radiation incident

147

DESIGN AND TESTING FOR NOVEL JOINT FOR WAVE REFLECTORS James Tedd1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN AND TESTING FOR NOVEL JOINT FOR WAVE REFLECTORS James Tedd1 , Erik Friis-Madsen2 , and Peter of the Wave Dragon has begun. This paper describes the design and testing process behind this. Tests conducted design. This testing has influenced the design and allowed construction to begin on refitting the joint

148

Solar receiver heliostat reflector having a linear drive and position information system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heliostat for a solar receiver system comprises an improved drive and control system for the heliostat reflector assembly. The heliostat reflector assembly is controllably driven in a predetermined way by a light-weight drive system so as to be angularly adjustable in both elevation and azimuth to track the sun and efficiently continuously reflect the sun's rays to a focal zone, i.e., heat receiver, which forms part of a solar energy utilization system, such as a solar energy fueled electrical power generation system. The improved drive system includes linear stepping motors which comprise low weight, low cost, electronic pulse driven components. One embodiment comprises linear stepping motors controlled by a programmed, electronic microprocessor. Another embodiment comprises a tape driven system controlled by a position control magnetic tape.

Horton, Richard H. (Schenectady, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The development of large area saturable Bragg reflectors for the generation of widely-tunable ultra-short pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on the realization of two photonic devices; 1) semiconductor lasers and 2) large area broadband Saturable Bragg Reflectors (SBRs). Semiconductor lasers explore the use of 3D and 2D quantum confinement ...

Nabanja, Sheila P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Semitransparent metal or distributed Bragg reflector for wide-viewing-angle organic light-emitting-diode microcavities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microcavities for organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) with a metal mirror on one side and a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) on the other side have been extensively studied in...

Neyts, Kristiaan; De Visschere, Patrick; Fork, David K; Anderson, Greg B

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Advanced ultraviolet-resistant silver mirrors for use in solar reflectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silver mirror construction that maintains a high percentage of hemispherical reflectance throughout the UV and visible spectrum when used in solar reflectors, comprising:a) a pressure sensitive adhesive layer positioned beneath a silver overlay;b) a polymer film disposed on the silver overlay;c) an adhesive layer positioned on the polymer film; andd) a UV screening acrylic film disposed on the adhesive layer.

Jorgensen, Gary J. (Pine, CO); Gee, Randy (Arvada, CO)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

152

Study of Different Cleaning Methods for Solar Reflectors Used in CSP Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Soiling and dust accumulation in reflectors for concentrating solar plants (CSP) plants decrease their reflectance and, as a consequence, the solar field efficiency. Minimizing the cost of the cleanliness is a key issue for the solar-plant feasibility. This work is focused on optimizing the cleaning method of solar reflectors for CSP applications under real outdoor conditions in a semi-desert climate. The testing consisted on outdoor exposing of solar reflectors and applying different cleaning methods. According to results obtained, the most effective cleaning method is the one based on demineralized water and a brush, with an average efficiency of 98.8% in rainy periods and 97.2% in dry seasons. The innovative cleaning method based on a steam device with a soft tissue was inefficient (efficiency of 97.3% in a rainy period). If the number of passes applied with the high- pressure demineralized water method is highly enough, this method is as effective as the one based on brushing and the addition of a detergent does not increase its effectiveness.

A. Fernndez-Garca; L. lvarez-Rodrigo; L. Martnez-Arcos; R. Aguiar; J.M. Mrquez-Pays

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

An Advanced Computational Scheme for the Optimization of 2D Radial Reflectors in Pressurized Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a computational scheme for the determination of equivalent 2D multi-group heterogeneous reflectors in a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The proposed strategy is to define a full-core calculation consistent with a reference lattice code calculation such as the Method Of Characteristics (MOC) as implemented in APOLLO2 lattice code. The computational scheme presented here relies on the data assimilation module known as "Assimilation de donn\\'{e}es et Aide \\`{a} l'Optimisation (ADAO)" of the SALOME platform developed at \\'{E}lectricit\\'{e} De France (EDF), coupled with the full-core code COCAGNE and with the lattice code APOLLO2. A first validation of the computational scheme is made using the OPTEX reflector model developed at \\'{E}cole Polytechnique de Montr\\'{e}al (EPM). As a result, we obtain 2D multi-group, spatially heterogeneous 2D reflectors, using both diffusion or $\\text{SP}_{\\text{N}}$ operators. We observe important improvements of the power discrepancies distribution over the cor...

Clerc, Thomas; Leroyer, Hadrien; Argaud, Jean-Philippe; Bouriquet, Bertrand; Ponot, Aglique

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Chemical Effect of Dry and Wet Cleaning of the Ru Protective Layer of the Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography Reflector  

SciTech Connect

The authors report the chemical influence of cleaning of the Ru capping layer on the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) reflector surface. The cleaning of EUV reflector to remove the contamination particles has two requirements: to prevent corrosion and etching of the reflector surface and to maintain the reflectivity functionality of the reflector after the corrosive cleaning processes. Two main approaches for EUV reflector cleaning, wet chemical treatments [sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide mixture (SPM), ozonated water, and ozonated hydrogen peroxide] and dry cleaning (oxygen plasma and UV/ozone treatment), were tested. The changes in surface morphology and roughness were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, while the surface etching and change of oxidation states were probed with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Significant surface oxidation of the Ru capping layer was observed after oxygen plasma and UV/ozone treatment, while the oxidation is unnoticeable after SPM treatment. Based on these surface studies, the authors found that SPM treatment exhibits the minimal corrosive interactions with Ru capping layer. They address the molecular mechanism of corrosive gas and liquid-phase chemical interaction with the surface of Ru capping layer on the EUV reflector.

Belau, Leonid; Park, Jeong Y.; Liang, Ted; Seo, Hyungtak; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

155

Rise Time of the Simulated VERITAS 12 m Davies-Cotton Reflector  

SciTech Connect

The Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) will utilise Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) based on a Davies-Cotton design with f-number f/1.0 to detect cosmic gamma-rays. Unlike a parabolic reflector, light from the Davies-Cotton does not arrive isochronously at the camera. Here the effect of the telescope geometry on signal rise-time is examined. An almost square-pulse arrival time profile with a rise time of 1.7 ns is found analytically and confirmed through simulation.

White, Richard J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds (United Kingdom)

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

156

Lamp system with conditioned water coolant and diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene(PTFE)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lamp system with a very soft high-intensity output is provided over a large area by water cooling a long-arc lamp inside a diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) and titanium dioxide (TiO.sub.2) white pigment. The water is kept clean and pure by a one micron particulate filter and an activated charcoal/ultraviolet irradiation system that circulates and de-ionizes and biologically sterilizes the coolant water at all times, even when the long-arc lamp is off.

Zapata, Luis E. (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

DOE Publishes Request for Information for Ceiling Fans | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fans Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards...

158

2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for General...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation...

159

See-through amorphous silicon solar cells with selectively transparent and conducting photonic crystal back reflectors for building integrated photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect

Thin semi-transparent hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) solar cells with selectively transparent and conducting photonic crystal (STCPC) back-reflectors are demonstrated. Short circuit current density of a 135?nm thick a-Si:H cell with a given STCPC back-reflector is enhanced by as much as 23% in comparison to a reference cell with an ITO film functioning as its rear contact. Concurrently, solar irradiance of 295?W/m{sup 2} and illuminance of 3480 lux are transmitted through the cell with a given STCPC back reflector under AM1.5 Global tilt illumination, indicating its utility as a source of space heating and lighting, respectively, in building integrated photovoltaic applications.

Yang, Yang [The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Room GB254B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4 (Canada)] [The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Room GB254B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4 (Canada); OBrien, Paul G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Room 140, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4 (Canada) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Room 140, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4 (Canada); Materials Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, 80 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H6 (Canada); Ozin, Geoffrey A., E-mail: gozin@chem.utoronto.ca, E-mail: kherani@ecf.utoronto.ca [Materials Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, 80 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H6 (Canada); Kherani, Nazir P., E-mail: gozin@chem.utoronto.ca, E-mail: kherani@ecf.utoronto.ca [The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Room GB254B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4 (Canada); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Room 140, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4 (Canada)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

160

MHD compressor---expander conversion system integrated with GCR inside a deployable reflector  

SciTech Connect

This work originates from the proposal MHD Compressor-Expander Conversion System Integrated with a GCR Inside a Deployable Reflector''. The proposal concerned an innovative concept of nuclear, closed-cycle MHD converter for power generation on space-based systems in the multi-megawatt range. The basic element of this converter is the Power Conversion Unit (PCU) consisting of a gas core reactor directly coupled to an MHD expansion channel. Integrated with the PCU, a deployable reflector provides reactivity control. The working fluid could be either uranium hexafluoride or a mixture of uranium hexafluoride and helium, added to enhance the heat transfer properties. The original Statement of Work, which concerned the whole conversion system, was subsequently redirected and focused on the basic mechanisms of neutronics, reactivity control, ionization and electrical conductivity in the PCU. Furthermore, the study was required to be inherently generic such that the study was required to be inherently generic such that the analysis an results can be applied to various nuclear reactor and/or MHD channel designs''.

Tuninetti, G. (Ansaldo S.p.A., Genoa (Italy). Research Div.); Botta, E.; Criscuolo, C.; Riscossa, P. (Ansaldo S.p.A., Genoa (Italy). Nuclear Div.); Giammanco, F. (Pisa Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica); Rosa-Clot, M. (Florence Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica)

1989-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Multiplier, moderator, and reflector materials for lithium-vanadium fusion blankets.  

SciTech Connect

The self-cooled lithium-vanadium fusion blanket concept has several attractive operational and environmental features. In this concept, liquid lithium works as the tritium breeder and coolant to alleviate issues of coolant breeder compatibility and reactivity. Vanadium alloy (V-4Cr-4Ti) is used as the structural material because of its superior performance relative to other alloys for this application. However, this concept has poor attenuation characteristics and energy multiplication for the DT neutrons. An advanced self-cooled lithium-vanadium fusion blanket concept has been developed to eliminate these drawbacks while maintaining all the attractive features of the conventional concept. An electrical insulator coating for the coolant channels, spectral shifter (multiplier, and moderator) and reflector were utilized in the blanket design to enhance the blanket performance. In addition, the blanket was designed to have the capability to operate at high loading conditions of 2 MW/m{sup 2} surface heat flux and 10 MW/m{sup 2} neutron wall loading. This paper assesses the spectral shifter and the reflector materials and it defines the technological requirements of this advanced blanket concept.

Gohar, Y.; Smith, D. L.

1999-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

Optical and Durability Evaluation for Silvered Polymeric Mirrors and Reflectors: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number, CRD-08-316  

SciTech Connect

3M is currently developing silvered polymeric mirror reflectors as low-cost replacements for glass mirrors in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems. This effort is focused on development of reflectors comprising both metallized polymeric mirror films based on improved versions of ECP-305+ or other durable mirror film concepts and appropriate mechanically robust substrates. The objectives for this project are to reduce the system capital and operating costs and to lower the levelized cost of energy for CSP installations. The development of mirror reflectors involves work on both full reflectors and mirror films with and without coatings. Mirror reflectors must meet rigid optical specifications in terms of radius of curvature, slope errors and specularity. Mirror films must demonstrate long-term durability and maintain high reflectivity. 3M would like to augment internal capabilities to validate product performance with methods and tools developed at NREL to address these areas.

Gray, M.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Review of the Reflector Compact Fluorescent Lights Technology Procurement Program: Conclusions and Results  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and implemented by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), from 2000 to 2007 to improve the performance of reflector type (R-lamp) compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and increase their availability throughout the United States by means of a technology development and procurement strategy. In 2000, at the request of the U.S. Department of Energys Emerging Technologies Program and its predecessors, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory undertook a technology procurement seeking R-CFLs that were specifically designed for use in ICAT recessed can fixtures and that met other minimum performance criteria including minimum light output and size restrictions (to ensure they fit in standard residential recessed cans). The technology procurement included two phases. In Phase I, requests for proposals (RFPs) were issued in October 2002 and five manufacturers responded with 12 lamp models. Eight of these models met the minimum requirements and passed the 6-hour short-term test in a simulated ICAT environment. These eight models were subjected to long-term tests of 6,000 or more hours in a simulated ICAT environment. Three of these models passed the short- and long-term tests and were promoted through the program website (www.pnl.gov/rlamps), press releases, and fliers. To increase the number of qualifying models, a second RFP was issued in June 2005. In April 2007, DOE announced that 16 reflector CFL (R-CFL) models by four manufacturers had met all the minimum requirements of Phase 2 of the R-CFL Technology Innovation Competition. PNNL developed both the criteria and the test apparatus design for Elevated Temperature Life Testing (ETLT), which has been included by DOE in its draft ENERGY STAR specifications for the reflector category of CFLs. PNNL promoted the winning lamps through a program website, press releases, and fliers as well as through program partners. PNNL also helped engage distributors including Costco, the Home Depot, Bonneville Power Administration, and utility organizations.

Sandahl, Linda J.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Ledbetter, Marc R.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

164

Photonic crystal membrane reflectors by magnetic field-guided metal-assisted chemical etching  

SciTech Connect

Metal-assisted chemical etching (MacEtch) is a simple etching method that uses metal as the catalyst for anisotropic etching of semiconductors. However, producing nano-structures using MacEtch from discrete metal patterns, in contrast to interconnected ones, has been challenging because of the difficulties in keeping the discrete metal features in close contact with the semiconductor. We report the use of magnetic field-guided MacEtch (h-MacEtch) to fabricate periodic nanohole arrays in silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers for high reflectance photonic crystal membrane reflectors. This study demonstrates that h-MacEtch can be used in place of conventional dry etching to produce ordered nanohole arrays for photonic devices.

Balasundaram, Karthik; Mohseni, Parsian K.; Li, Xiuling, E-mail: wzhou@uta.edu, E-mail: xiuling@illinois.edu [Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Shuai, Yi-Chen; Zhao, Deyin; Zhou, Weidong, E-mail: wzhou@uta.edu, E-mail: xiuling@illinois.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, NanoFAB Center, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, NanoFAB Center, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

165

Greek research reactor performance characteristics after addition of beryllium reflector and LEU fuel  

SciTech Connect

The GRR-1 is a 5-MW pool-type, light-water-moderated and-cooled reactor fueled with MTR-type fuel elements. Recently received Be reflector blocks will soon be added to the core to add additional reactivity until fresh LEU fuel arrives. REBUS-3 xy fuel cycle analyses, using burnup dependent cross sections, were performed to assist in fuel management decisions for the water- and Be-reflected HEU nonequilibrium cores. Cross sections generated by EPRI-CELL have been benchmarked to identical VIM Monte Carlo models. The size of the Be-reflected LEU core has been reduced to 30 elements compared to 35 for the HEU water-reflected core, and an equilibrium cycle calculation has been performed.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Papastergiou, C. [National Center for Scientific Research, Athens (Greece)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

Greek research reactor performance characteristics after addition of beryllium reflector and LEU fuel  

SciTech Connect

The GRR-1 is a 5-MW pool-type, light-water-moderated and-cooled reactor fueled with MTR-type fuel elements. Recently received Be reflector blocks will soon be added to the core to add additional reactivity until fresh LEU fuel arrives. REBUS-3 xy fuel cycle analyses, using burnup dependent cross sections, were performed to assist in fuel management decisions for the water- and Be-reflected HEU nonequilibrium cores. Cross sections generated by EPRI-CELL have been benchmarked to identical VIM Monte Carlo models. The size of the Be-reflected LEU core has been reduced to 30 elements compared to 35 for the HEU water-reflected core, and an equilibrium cycle calculation has been performed.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Papastergiou, C. (National Center for Scientific Research, Athens (Greece))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Reactivity Accountability Attributed to Reflector Poisons in the High Flux Isotope Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to develop a methodology to predict the reactivity impact as a function of outage time between cycles of 3He, 6Li, and other poisons in the High Flux Isotope Reactor s (HFIR) beryllium reflector. The reactivity worth at startup of the HFIR has been incorrectly predicted in the past after the reactor has been shut-down for long periods of time. The incorrect prediction was postulated to be due to the erroneous calculation of 3He buildup in the beryllium reflector. It is necessary to develop a better estimate of the start-of-cycle symmetric critical control element positions since if the estimated and actual symmetrical critical control element positions differ by more than $1.55 in reactivity (approximately one-half inch in control element startup position), HFIR is to be shutdown and a technical evaluation is performed to resolve the discrepancy prior to restart. 3He is generated and depleted during operation, but during an outage, the depletion of 3He ceases because it is a stable isotope. 3He is born from the radioactive decay of tritium, and thus the concentration of 3He increases during shutdown. SCALE, specifically the TRITON and CSAS5 control modules including the KENO V.A, COUPLE, and ORIGEN functional modules were utilized in this study. An equation relating the down time (td) to the change in symmetric control element position was generated and validated against measurements for approximately 40 HFIR operating cycles. The newly-derived correlation was shown to improve accuracy of predictions for long periods of down time.

Chandler, David [ORNL; Maldonado, G Ivan [ORNL; Primm, Trent [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

169

Single-mode, narrow-linewidth external cavity quantum cascade laser through optical feedback from a partial-reflector  

SciTech Connect

An external-cavity (EC) quantum cascade (QC) laser using optical feedback from a partial-reflector is reported. With this configuration, the otherwise multi-mode emission of a Fabry-Perot QC laser was made single-mode with optical output powers exceeding 40 mW. A mode-hop free tuning range of 2.46 cm-1 was achieved by synchronously tuning the EC length and QC laser current. The linewidth of the partial-reflector EC-QC laser was measured for integration times from 100 ?s to 4 s, and compared to a distributed feedback QC laser. Linewidths as small as 480 kHz were recorded for the EC-QC laser

Cendejas, Richard A.; Phillips, Mark C.; Myers, Tanya L.; Taubman, Matthew S.

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

170

Impact of strongly absorbing experiments in the HFIR reflector on control plate strength  

SciTech Connect

Several improvements in the experimental irradiation facilities of the High-Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) were incorporated at the time of its restart in 1989 in order to enhance its capabilities for materials irradiations. One improvement that is of particular interest in regard to its impact on the reactor`s nuclear characteristics is the increase in number and size of the larger irradiation holes in the HFIR`s removable beryllium reflector (RB). A principal use for these larger-diameter holes has been to accommodate spectrally tailored materials irradiations where fast neutron reactions are of principal interest and the suppression of thermal neutron reactions is important to the interpretation of the results. Such experiments typically require thermal neutron-absorbing shrouds around the experimental capsules. Reactor operation with strong thermal neutron absorbers directly outboard of the control elements has significant impact on core power distribution, cycle length, control rod worths, and on other experimental facilities nearby. This paper specifically discusses the impacts on control rod strength due to the strong localized thermal neutron absorbers.

Rothrock, R.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Monte Carlo analysis of a monolithic interconnected module with a back surface reflector  

SciTech Connect

Recently, the photon Monte Carlo code, RACER-X, was modified to include wave-length dependent absorption coefficients and indices of refraction. This work was done in an effort to increase the code`s capabilities to be more applicable to a wider range of problems. These new features make RACER-X useful for analyzing devices like monolithic interconnected modules (MIMs) which have etched surface features and incorporates a back surface reflector (BSR) for spectral control. A series of calculations were performed on various MIM structures to determine the impact that surface features and component reflectivities have on spectral utilization. The traditional concern of cavity photonics is replaced with intra-cell photonics in the MIM design. Like the cavity photonic problems previously discussed, small changes in optical properties and/or geometry can lead to large changes in spectral utilization. The calculations show that seemingly innocuous surface features (e.g., trenches and grid lines) can significantly reduce the spectral utilization due to the non-normal incident photon flux. Photons that enter the device through a trench edge are refracted onto a trajectory where they will not escape. This leads to a reduction in the number of reflected below bandgap photons that return to the radiator and reduce the spectral utilization. In addition, trenches expose a lateral conduction layer in this particular series of calculations which increase the absorption of above bandgap photons in inactive material.

Ballinger, C.T.; Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States); Murray, C.S. [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps (RIN: 1904-AC15) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s} (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this NQPR, DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for small diameter lamps and requests further comment on an appropriate standard for these products. The proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all the

173

Ceramic Mugs & Dishes Incandescent Light Bulbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

502-6808 · Campus Recycling Service 476-2021 · sustainability.ucsf.edu/stay_informed/recycling_resources Binders Plastic Bags & Wrap Pretzel & Chip Bags Rubber bands Styrofoam Tyvek RECYCLE Aluminum foil & cans Reuse Recycle Compost receptacles can be found at campus cafes; Individual office composting is starting

Yamamoto, Keith

174

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.",174,173,53,172,"Q","Q","Q" "Food Service ...",349,349,277,308,78,"Q",84 "Health Care ...",127,127,83,126,20,8,34 " Inpatient ...",11,...

175

Effect of non-uniform slow wave structure in a relativistic backward wave oscillator with a resonant reflector  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a fresh insight into the effect of non-uniform slow wave structure (SWS) used in a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) with a resonant reflector. Compared with the uniform SWS, the reflection coefficient of the non-uniform SWS is higher, leading to a lower modulating electric field in the resonant reflector and a larger distance to maximize the modulation current. Moreover, for both types of RBWOs, stronger standing-wave field takes place at the rear part of the SWS. In addition, besides Cerenkov effects, the energy conversion process in the RBWO strongly depends on transit time effects. Thus, the matching condition between the distributions of harmonic current and standing wave field provides a profound influence on the beam-wave interaction. In the non-uniform RBWO, the region with a stronger standing wave field corresponds to a higher fundamental harmonic current distribution. Particle-in-cell simulations show that with a diode voltage of 1.02 MV and beam current of 13.2 kA, a microwave power of 4 GW has been obtained, compared to that of 3 GW in the uniform RBWO.

Chen, Changhua; Xiao, Renzhen; Sun, Jun; Song, Zhimin; Huo, Shaofei; Bai, Xianchen; Shi, Yanchao; Liu, Guozhi [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)] [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Solar passive ceiling system. Final report. [Passive solar heating system with venetian blind reflectors and latent heat storage in ceiling  

SciTech Connect

The construction of a 1200 square foot building, with full basement, built to be used as a branch library in a rural area is described. The primary heating source is a passive solar system consisting of a south facing window system. The system consists of: a set of windows located in the south facing wall only, composed of double glazed units; a set of reflectors mounted in each window which reflects sunlight up to the ceiling (the reflectors are similar to venetian blinds); a storage area in the ceiling which absorbs the heat from the reflected sunlight and stores it in foil salt pouches laid in the ceiling; and an automated curtain which automatically covers and uncovers the south facing window system. The system is totally passive and uses no blowers, pumps or other active types of heat distribution equipment. The building contains a basement which is normally not heated, and the north facing wall is bermed four feet high around the north side.

Schneider, A.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Finding of No Significant Impact 4: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy conservation standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps as described in the final rule titled the "energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector lamps," would not be a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Finding of No Significant Impact for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent

178

EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

64: Final Environmental Assessment 64: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy conservation standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps as described in the final rule titled the "energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector lamps," would not be a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps,

179

Vertical cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1.56 microns with AlGaAsSb/AlAsSb distributed Bragg reflectors  

SciTech Connect

The authors report 77K operation of an optically pumped vertical cavity surface emitting laser with an Sb-based cavity. The structure consists of 15 and 20 pair AlGaAsSb/AlAsSb top and bottom reflectors and a bulk InGaAs active region.

Blum, O.; Klem, J.F.; Lear, K.L.; Vawter, G.A.; Kurtz, S.R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Efficient directional spontaneous emission from an InGaAs/InP heterostructure with an integral parabolic reflector  

SciTech Connect

In order to increase the radiative efficiency and directivity of spontaneous emission from a lattice-matched InGaAs/InP heterostructure, we have polished the substrate into a parabolic reflector. We combine optical and thermal measurements to obtain the absolute external efficiency over a wide range of carrier densities. Using a simple model, the measurement is used to determine interface, radiative, and Auger recombination rates in the active material. At the optimal density, the quantum efficiency exceeds 60{percent} at room temperature. The divergence of the emitted light is less than 20{degree}. In fact, the beam profile is dominated by a 6{degree} wide lobe that can be swept across the field of emission by changing the excitation position. This suggests a way to create an all-electronic scanned light beam. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Gfroerer, T.H.; Cornell, E.A. [JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology and University of Colorado, and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 80309-0440 (United States)] [JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology and University of Colorado, and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 80309-0440 (United States); Wanlass, M.W. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, 80401 (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, 80401 (United States)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Electromagnetic modeling of the energy distribution of a metallic cylindrical parabolic reflector covered with a magnetized plasma layer  

SciTech Connect

The energy distribution along the focal axis of a long metallic cylindrical parabolic reflector with a plasma layer on its surface in the presence of an external magnetic field is investigated. The effects of some physical parameters, such as the plasma frequency, the wave frequency and the thickness of plasma layer on the energy distribution and the reflected and transmitted electromagnetic fields, are simulated. These investigations for both S- and P-polarizations have been done separately. It is found that the maximum value of the reflected intensity increases by increasing the incident wave frequency and by decreasing the plasma layer thickness and the plasma frequency for both polarizations. Furthermore, the results show that the increase of the magnetic field strength can cause an increase in the reflected intensity for S-polarization and a slight decrease for P-polarization.

Niknam, A. R., E-mail: a-niknam@sbu.ac.ir; Khajehmirzaei, M. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, GC, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Davoudi-Rahaghi, B.; Rahmani, Z.; Jazi, B.; Abdoli-Arani, A. [Department of Laser and Photonics, Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

The effects of supply harmonics on the performance of compact fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a performance evaluation of ten compact fluorescent lighting systems operated with sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform conditions. The lamps were either provided with an electronic ballast, a magnetic core ballast or a magnetic core ballast with a power factor correction circuit. The test results show that the electrical performance of the compact fluorescent lamps for both sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform operation is related to the different types of ballast used. The cost of operation of these compact fluorescent lamps was calculated and compared to the cost of a conventional 60 W incandescent lamp.

Arseneau, R.; Ouellette, M.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

850: Categorical Exclusion Determination 850: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for

184

Composition pulling effect and strain relief mechanism in AlGaN/AlN distributed Bragg reflectors  

SciTech Connect

We report on the composition pulling effect and strain relief mechanism in AlGaN/AlN distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) grown on GaN template/{alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The reciprocal space mapping contours reveal that these DBRs are coherently grown. Cross-section transmission electron microscopy image of the AlGaN/AlN DBRs and the energy-dispersive x-ray analysis indicate that an AlGaN layer with gradient Al composition is located between the Al{sub 0.4}Ga{sub 0.6}N and AlN layers along the [0001] direction. It is attributed to the fact that Ga atoms in AlGaN are pulled and segregated to the upper layer by the strain. The density of strain energy is estimated to reduce more than one order by forming this quasi-three-sublayer structure comparing to the designed bi-sublayer structure.

Liu, B.; Zhang, R.; Ji, X. L.; Fu, D. Y.; Xie, Z. L.; Chen, D. J.; Chen, P.; Jiang, R. L.; Zheng, Y. D. [Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic Materials, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zheng, J. G. [California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2800 (United States)

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

185

Fiber optic sensor employing successively destroyed coupled points or reflectors for detecting shock wave speed and damage location  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A shock velocity and damage location sensor providing a means of measuring shock speed and damage location. The sensor consists of a long series of time-of-arrival "points" constructed with fiber optics. The fiber optic sensor apparatus measures shock velocity as the fiber sensor is progressively crushed as a shock wave proceeds in a direction along the fiber. The light received by a receiving means changes as time-of-arrival points are destroyed as the sensor is disturbed by the shock. The sensor may comprise a transmitting fiber bent into a series of loops and fused to a receiving fiber at various places, time-of-arrival points, along the receiving fibers length. At the "points" of contact, where a portion of the light leaves the transmitting fiber and enters the receiving fiber, the loops would be required to allow the light to travel backwards through the receiving fiber toward a receiving means. The sensor may also comprise a single optical fiber wherein the time-of-arrival points are comprised of reflection planes distributed along the fibers length. In this configuration, as the shock front proceeds along the fiber it destroys one reflector after another. The output received by a receiving means from this sensor may be a series of downward steps produced as the shock wave destroys one time-of-arrival point after another, or a nonsequential pattern of steps in the event time-of-arrival points are destroyed at any point along the sensor.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Development of a straightness measurement and compensation system with multiple right-angle reflectors and a lead zirconate titanate-based compensation stage  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a real-time straightness measurement and compensation system with an optical straightness measurement system and a single-axis flexure-hinge type lead zirconate titanate (PZT)-based compensation stage. The optical straightness measurement system consists of a He-Ne laser, a quadrant photodiode detector, and five right-angle reflectors. Multiple laser beam reflections between the right-angle reflectors increase the sensitivity of the straightness measurement by a factor of 6. The right-angle reflectors can be moved by the flexure-hinge type PZT-based compensation stage that is actuated by a PZT actuator to ensure that the laser beam is always projected onto the center of the quadrant detector. These two systems are integrated and fixed on a scanning stage. The resolution of the straightness measurement system is 0.1 {mu}m. Using the real-time straightness compensation system, the straightness error of the scanning stage is fed back to the control system. The compensated straightness error of the scanning stage system was reduced from 6.5 {mu}m to less than 1 {mu}m.

Liu, Chien-Hung; Chen, Jui-Hung [Institute of Electro-Optical and Materials Science, National Formosa University, Huwei, Yunlin 632, Taiwan (China); Teng, Yun-Feng [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chung-Cheng University, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Solid-State LightingL Prize Competition  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The L Prize competition spurs the development of new, ultra-efficient lighting products to replace common light sources, including the 60-watt (W) incandescent bulb and the PAR38 reflector bulb.

188

CX-011406: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 11/21/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

189

CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

190

DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt...

191

Trojan: Order (2011-CE-2704)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Trojan, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Trojan had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

192

Topstar International: Order (2011-CE-2703)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Topstar International, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Topstar International had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

193

CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

194

EiKO: Order (2011-CE-2702)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered EiKO Ltd. - North America to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding EiKO had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

195

DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

196

Energy-efficient compact screw-in fluorescent lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A compact fluorescent lamp has been designed and constructed which can replace an incandescent lamp. The lamp is slightly larger than a standard lamp (8 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.), but is designed to fit a majority of portable lamp applications. This version, with a core-coil ballast, results in a system efficacy of 54 lumens per watt, with a light output of more than 1800 lumens. This compares favorably with a 100-watt incandescent (17.5 lumens per watt and 1750 lumens light output). The color temperature of 3000/sup 0/K is compatible with an incandescent lamp (2800/sup 0/K). The color rendition index (CRI) is 84. With a solid-state ballast, the efficacy and light output could be increased by 20% (65 l/w, 2200 lumens) and could provide a direct replacement for a three-way, 150-watt incandescent lamp (15 l/w, 2200 lumens).

Morton, E.W.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...heat barrier or collector in thermoelectric...for imaging and solar energy collection and...confined to the slabs with the high index...heat barrier or collector in thermoelectric...heat barrier or collector in thermoelectric...for imaging and solar...

Yoel Fink; Joshua N. Winn; Shanhui Fan; Chiping Chen; Jurgen Michel; John D. Joannopoulos; Edwin L. Thomas

1998-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

198

High Hats, Swiss Cheese, and Fluorescent Lighting?  

SciTech Connect

For DOE, PNNL is conducting a competitive procurement to promote market introduction of new residential recessed downlights (also known as ''recessed cans'' or ''high hats'') that are airtight, rated for insulated ceilings, and hard-wired for CFLs. This paper discusses the potential energy savings of new high-efficiency downlights, and the results of product testing to date. Recessed downlights are the most popular residential lighting fixtures in the United States, with 21.7 million fixtures sold in 2000. An estimated 350 million are currently installed in American homes. Recessed cans are relatively inexpensive, and provide an unobtrusive, directed source of light for kitchens, hallways, and living rooms. Recessed cans are energy-intensive in three ways. First, virtually all recessed cans currently installed in the residential sector use incandescent light sources, typically reflector-type lamps drawing 65-150 watts. Second, heat from incandescent lamps adds to air-conditioning loads. Third, most installed recessed cans are not airtight, so they allow conditioned air to escape from the living area into unconditioned spaces such as attics. Addressing both lighting energy use and air leakage in recessed cans has proven challenging. Lighting energy efficiency is greatly improved by using CFLs. Air leakage can be addressed by making fixtures airtight. But when CFLs are used in an airtight recessed can, heat generated by the lamp and ballast is trapped within the fixture. Excessive heat causes reduced light output and shorter lifespan of the CFL. The procurement was designed to overcome these technical challenges and make new products available in the marketplace.

McCullough, Jeffrey J.; Gordon, Kelly L.

2002-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Thermodynamic and optical analysis for a CPV/T hybrid system with beam splitter and fully tracked linear Fresnel reflector concentrator utilizing sloped panels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Spectral splitting technology that separates solar spectrum into several parts and enables different energy conversions such as photovoltaic (PV) conversion and photo-thermal conversion aims to utilize the full spectrum solar energy efficiently. A novel concentrating PV/Thermal (CPV/T) hybrid system with beam splitter and fully tracked linear Fresnel reflector concentrator utilizing sloped panels was proposed in this study. The relations between the structural parameters and the optical performances of the system were investigated. The concentrated radiation distribution on the PV device surface was simulated by taking into account the main optical errors and shows a good uniformity. Based on the experimental data of the components, thermodynamic analysis on the CPV/T hybrid system was carried out and the results reveal that the overall energy conversion efficiencies of the proposed CPV/T hybrid system is higher than that of the CPV system under the same conditions.

Yang Liu; Peng Hu; Qian Zhang; Zeshao Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

GaInAsSb/A1GaAsSb/Sb Thermophotovoltaic Devices With an Internal Back-Surface Reflector Formed by Wafer Bonding  

SciTech Connect

A novel implementation for GAInAsSb/AlGaAsSb/GaSb TPV cells with an internal back-surface reflector (BSR) formed by wafer bonding to GaAs is demonstrated. The SiO{sub x}/Ti/Au internal BSR enhances optical absorption within the device, while the dielectric layer provides electrical isolation. This configuration has the potential to improve TPV device performance; is compatible with monolithic series-interconnection of TPV cells for building voltage; and can mitigate the requirements of filters used for front-surface spectral control. At a short-circuit density of 0.4 A/cm{sup 2}, the open-circuit voltage of a single TPV cell is 0.2 V, compared to 0.37 and 1.8 V for 2- and 10-junction series-interconnected TPV cells, respectively.

C.A. Wang; R.K. Huang; D.A. Shiau; M.K. Connors; P.G. Murphy; P.W. O'brien; A.C. Anderson; D.M. DePoy; G. Nichols; M.N. Palmasiano

2002-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

AlGaInP thin-film LED with omni-directionally reflector and ITO transparent conducting n-type contact  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a novel AlGaInP thin-film light-emitting diode (LED) with omni-directionally reflector (ODR) and transparent conducting indium tin oxide (ITO) n-type contact structure is proposed, and fabrication process is developed. This reflector is realized with the combination of a low-refractive-index dielectric layer and a high reflectivity metal layer. This allows the light emitted or internally reflected downwardly towards the GaAs substrate at any angle of incidence to be reflected towards the top surface of the chip. ITO n-type contact is used for anti-reflection and current spreading layers on the ODR-LED with ITO. The sheet resistance of the ITO films (95 nm) deposited on n-ohmic contact of ODR-LED is of the order 23.5?/ with up to 90% transmittance (above 92% for 590770 nm) in the visible region of the spectrum. The optical and electrical characteristics of the ODR-LED with ITO are presented and compared to conventional AS-LED and ODR-LED without ITO. It is shown that the light output from the ODR-LED with ITO at forward current 20 mA exceeds that of AS-LED and ODR-LED without ITO by about a factor of 1.63 and 0.16, respectively. A favourable luminous intensity of 218.3 mcd from the ODR-LED with ITO (peak wavelength 620 nm) could be obtained under 20 mA injection, which is 2.63 times and 1.21 times higher than that of AS-LED and ODR-LED without ITO, respectively.

Zhang Jian-Ming; Zou De-Shu; Xu Chen; Guo Wei-Ling; Zhu Yan-Xu; Liang Ting; Da Xiao-Li; Li Jian-Jun; Shen Guang-Di

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

versus cost - Power Electronic Drives for CFL and LED light sources to achieve dimmable operation - Basic electric AC and DC circuits at Sophomore level or equivalents Absolutes Lighting System Requirements index as a metric of a light source - Power Electronic Energy sources driving light sources in a compact

Schumacher, Russ

203

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: OLED Cathodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OLED Cathodes OLED Cathodes Development of New Cathodes for OLED's Objective The objective of this project is to develop improved cathodes for use in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). Approach A major challenge for organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology is to improve electron injection into the organic electroluminescent layer, which limits the efficiency of the device and the luminous flux per unit area. This project aims at overcoming such barriers by developing “structured cathodes” based on functional materials (nanotubes and nanoclusters) with characteristic size smaller than the optical wavelength. The incorporation of such nanostructured cathodes in OLEDs can significantly improve device efficiency by lowering operating voltage, and increase device stability and light extraction.

204

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2012 9, 2012 Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Lighting Principles and Terms Learn the basics of lighting principles and terms to choose the best energy-efficient lighting options for your home. July 29, 2012 Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Buy new fixtures made for new lightbulbs for the greatest energy savings, reliability, and longevity. July 29, 2012 Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Find product information and locate professional services for lighting and

205

CX-100118 Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Final Rule for Amended Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps RIN: 1904-AC43 CX(s) Applied: B5.1 EERE Buildings Technology Program Date: 11/26/2014 Location(s): Nationwide Office(s): Golden Field Office

206

A Study of Contacts and Back-Surface Reflectors for 0.6eV Ga0.32In0.68As/InAs0.32P0.68 Thermophotovoltaic Monolithically Interconnected Modules  

SciTech Connect

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems have recently rekindled a high level of interest for a number of applications. In order to meet the requirement of low-temperature ({approx}1000 C) TPV systems, 0.6-eV Ga0.32In0.68As/InAs0.32P0.68 TPV monolithically interconnected modules (MIMs) have been developed at the National Renewable energy Laboratory (NREL)[1]. The successful fabrication of Ga0.32In0.68As/InAs0.32P0.68 MIMs depends on developing and optimizing of several key processes. Some results regarding the chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-SiO2 insulating layer, selective chemical etch via sidewall profiles, double-layer antireflection coatings, and metallization via interconnects have previously been given elsewhere [2]. In this paper, we report on the study of contacts and back-surface reflectors. In the first part of this paper, Ti/Pd/Ag and Cr/Pd/Ag contact to n-InAs0.32P0.68and p-Ga0.32In0.68As are investigated. The transfer length method (TLM) was used for measuring of specific contact resistance Rc. The dependence of Rc on different doping levels and different pre-treatment of the two semiconductors will be reported. Also, the adhesion and the thermal stability of Ti/Pd/Ag and Cr/Pd/Ag contacts to n-InAs0.32P0.68and p-Ga0.32In0.68As will be presented. In the second part of this paper, we discuss an optimum back-surface reflector (BSR) that has been developed for 0.6-eV Ga0.32In0.68As/InAs0.32P0.68 TPV MIM devices. The optimum BSR consists of three layers: {approx}1300{angstrom} MgF2 (or {approx}1300{angstrom} CVD SiO2) dielectric layer, {approx}25{angstrom} Ti adhesion layer, and {approx}1500{angstrom} Au reflection layer. This optimum BSR has high reflectance, good adhesion, and excellent thermal stability.

Wu, X.; Duda, A.; Carapella, J. J.; Ward, J. S.; Webb, J. D.; Wanlass, M. W.

1998-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

207

Feature scaling of large, ballasted, field emission arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Field emitters are an exciting technology for high-frequency, high-power applications because of their excellent free space electron transport, and their potential for high current density and high current, especially when ...

Guerrera, Stephen A. (Stephen Angelo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Sandia National Laboratories: Compact Linear Fesnel Reflector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is collaborating with Sandia National Laboratories on a new concentrated solar power (CSP) installation with thermal energy storage. The CSP storage project combines Areva's...

209

Sandia National Laboratories: compact linear Fresnel reflector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Partnership, Renewable Energy, Research & Capabilities, Solar, Solar Newsletter, SunShot, Systems Engineering AREVA and Sandia began operations of their molten salt...

210

Reflectors in wave equation imaging Frank Natterer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the propagation obeys the wave equation 2 u t2 = c2 (u + q(t)(x - s)) (1.1) Here, c = c(x), x IRn is the local

Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

211

Solar module having reflector between cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic module comprising an array of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells disposed in a planar and mutually spaced relationship between a light-transparent front cover member in sheet form and a back sheet structure is provided with a novel light-reflecting means disposed between adjacent cells for reflecting light falling in the areas between cells back toward said transparent cover member for further internal reflection onto the solar cells. The light-reflecting comprises a flexible plastic film that has been embossed so as to have a plurality of small V-shaped grooves in its front surface, and a thin light-reflecting coating on said front surface, the portions of said coating along the sides of said grooves forming light-reflecting facets, said grooves being formed so that said facets will reflect light impinging thereon back into said transparent cover sheet with an angle of incidence greater than the critical angle, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to said solar modules, thereby increasing the current output of the module.

Kardauskas, Michael J. (Billerica, MA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Correlated-Intensity velocimeter for Arbitrary Reflector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A velocimetry apparatus and method comprising splitting incoming reflected laser light and directing the laser light into first and second arms, filtering the laser light with passband filters in the first and second arms, one having a positive passband slope and the other having a negative passband slope, and detecting the filtered laser light via light intensity detectors following the passband filters in the first and second arms

Wang, Zhehui (Los Alamos, NM); Luo, Shengnian (Los Alamos, NM); Barnes, Cris W. (Arlington, VA); Paul, Stephen F. (West Orange, NJ)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

213

Optical Reflectance Measurements for Commonly Used Reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the National Nuclear Security Administration, Office ofby the National Nuclear Security Administration, Office of

Janecek, Petr Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Aerosol Mass Spectrometry via Laser-Induced Incandescence Particle Vaporization Final Report  

SciTech Connect

We have successfully developed and commercialized a soot particle aerosol mass spectrometer (SP-AMS) instrument to measure mass, size, and chemical information of soot particles in ambient environments. The SP-AMS instrument has been calibrated and extensively tested in the laboratory and during initial field studies. The first instrument paper describing the SP-AMS has been submitted for publication in a peer reviewed journal and there are several related papers covering initial field studies and laboratory studies that are in preparation. We have currently sold 5 SP-AMS instruments (either as complete systems or as SP modules to existing AMS instrument operators).

Timothy B. Onasch

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

215

Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................24 6.4.2 Incandescent Luminaires

216

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Nationwide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nationwide Nationwide Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Nationwide Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions nationwide. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 2, 2013 CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office August 2, 2013 CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office July 9, 2013 CX-010765: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for New Energy Conservation Standards for

217

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 26370 of 29,416 results. 61 - 26370 of 29,416 results. Download Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/lumiram-electric-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1014 Download Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/aero-tech-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1012 Download Averen: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0711) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Averen, Inc. failed

218

U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave, SW  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of. of. Westinghouse Lighting Corporation Case Number : 2010-CE -09/ 1001 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION CERTIFICATION Manufacturers of certain covered products are required to certify compliance with the applicable energy conservation standards through submission of a compliance statement and a certification report. 10 CFR § 430.62. See 42 U.S.C. 6296. As of April 19, 2010, Westinghouse Lighting Corporation (Westinghouse) had not filed these documents with DOE. Accordingly, DOE issued a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty for apparent violations of the certification requirements. On June 4, 2010, Westinghouse provided to DOE a compliance statement for incandescent reflector lamps and copies of test reports for a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps.

219

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oE 1 oE 1 ) Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. ) Case Number: 201 0-CE-1012 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 ) NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 7 M a x i m ~ ~ m possible assessment: $374,560 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. (Aero-Tech) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Aero-Tech manufactures andlor privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: 75BR40/* * (ULA 29), 1 OOBR40/** (ULA 24), 120BR40/** (ULA 25), 100BR38/"* (ULA 32), 150 BR 381"" (ULA 33), and

220

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumiram Electric Corporation 1 Case Number: 20 10-CE- 10 14 Lumiram Electric Corporation 1 Case Number: 20 10-CE- 10 14 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 1 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 6 Maximum possible assessment: $313,800 Proposed civil penalty: $43,800 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Lumiram Electric Corporation (Manufacturer) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 6201, et seq., and/or 10 C.F.R. Paxt 430. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Manufacturer manufactures and/or privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: R3OFL-75 R30FL- 100 R30SP-100 R40SP-150 2. These models have been in distribution in the U.S. for at least 365 days.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CREE LIGHTING COMPANY, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20 2001 09:52 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FGCP-HQ P.02/04 20 2001 09:52 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FGCP-HQ P.02/04 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CREE LIGHTING COMPANY, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26- 00NT40985 W(A)-01-002, CH-1055 The Petitioner, Cree Lighting Company, (Cree), was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Energy Efficient Solid State Lamp". The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop high efficiency, high radiance light emitting diode (LED) chip and packaging technology that is expected to lead to novel solid state lamps capable of replacing less energy efficient incandescent and halogen reflector lamps. When compared with current incandescent reflector lamps, this revolutionary new lamp is expected to be three times more

222

EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. On October 23, 2012, OHA issued a decision considering an Application for Exception filed by Tailored Lighting, Inc. (TLI) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, TLI requests exception relief for its principal product, a PAR-shaped daylight incandescent reflector lamp known as the SoLux PAR. The company maintains that it has been unable to develop a more efficient alternative that offers the same utility as the SoLux PAR and, as

223

EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. 07 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. On October 23, 2012, OHA issued a decision considering an Application for Exception filed by Tailored Lighting, Inc. (TLI) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, TLI requests exception relief for its principal product, a PAR-shaped daylight incandescent reflector lamp known as the SoLux PAR. The company maintains that it has been unable to develop a more efficient alternative that offers the same utility as the SoLux PAR and, as a result, will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair

224

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero- Aero- Tech Light Bulb Co., Respondent Case Number : 2010-CE-1012 Issued : October 8, 2010 By the General Counsel , U.S. Department of Energy: 1. DOE has promulgated energy conservation standards for incandescent reflector lamps at 10 C . F.R. § 430.32. 2. DOE initiated a case on September 8, 2010 , to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements at 10 C.F . R. § 430.62. 3. Respondent manufactures and/or privately labels incandescent reflector lamps, including basic models 75BR40 /** (ULA 29), 100BR40 /* * (ULA 24), 120BR40 /** (ULA 25), 100BR38 /** (ULA 32), 150 BR 38/** (ULA 33), and 75BR38/**. 4. Based on the information gathered in this case, including Respondent's packaging, labeling, and marketing materials, which demonstrate that these models are

225

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 15060 of 31,917 results. 51 - 15060 of 31,917 results. Article Weatherization Provides Boost for New Jersey Business Why one small New Jersey business is already seeing 15-20% increases in sales. http://energy.gov/articles/weatherization-provides-boost-new-jersey-business Article DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE has issued Notices of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company requiring that they halt the sale of 8 basic... http://energy.gov/gc/articles/doe-requires-manufacturer-and-labeler-cease-sale-incandescent-reflector-lamps Download Research Call to DOE/Federal Laboratories: Technical Support for Interconnection-Level Electric Infrastructure Planning RC-BM-2010; Due May

226

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A5 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A5 A5 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A5 Existing Regulations A5: Interpretive rulemakings with no change in environmental effect Rulemakings interpreting or amending an existing rule or regulation that does not change the environmental effect of the rule or regulation being amended. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 2, 2013 CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office August 2, 2013 CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013

227

The National Energy Policy Act and lamp replacement options  

SciTech Connect

The National Policy Act of 1992 involves the creation of energy efficiency standards for a wide range of products including fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Minimum efficacy (lumens per watt) and color rendering index (CRI) standards are mandated for the popular fluorescent lamps: four-foot medium bi-pin, two-foot U-bent, eight-foot slimline and eight-foot high output. Minimum efficacies are mandated for specific incandescent R and PAR reflector lamps. These standards will affect selected colors and designs of fluorescent lamps, the most significant being the standard lamps in the cool white and warm white colors. The incandescent reflector lamps will include the R-30, R-40, PAR-38 lamps above 40 watts, excluding the halogen types. These efficiency and color rendering standards will require end-users and specifiers to select replacement fluorescent lamps from a range of performance characteristics (lumen output, efficacy, CRI and price). The choice of replacement for the R and PAR incandescent lamps will include the halogen designs and compact fluorescent designs. In this paper, replacement options will be analyzed and discussed and the effect of these options on the performance of the lighting system will be explored in detail.

Ryerson, C.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 5160 of 8,172 results. 51 - 5160 of 8,172 results. Download CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007850-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007993: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hatwai 230-Kilovolt Substation Breaker Replacement CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 02/09/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007993-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-008013: Categorical Exclusion Determination

229

New Research Tool for Energy-Efficient Residential Fixtures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 New Research Tool for Energy-Efficient Residential Fixtures Lighting Group researcher Erik Page stands next to the new goniophotometer, shown in a multiple-exposure photo that represents a complete sensor sweep around a table lamp. The lamp is seen reflected in a mirror mounted on a swing arm, aimed at a photocell used for data acquisition. The residential lighting sector represents a significant opportunity for energy conservation because it currently uses inefficient incandescent sources almost exclusively. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) have the potential to transform this market by using one-fourth as much power as an incandescent to provide the same amount of light. While technical advances such as triphosphors and electronic ballasts have addressed issues of color

230

Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent products to provide a similar amount of light. They also last about 10 times longer (7,000-24,000 hours). The two general types of fluorescent lamps are: Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) -- commonly found with integral ballasts and screw bases, these are popular lamps often used in household fixtures Fluorescent tube and circline lamps -- typically used for task lighting such as garages and under cabinet fixtures, and for lighting large areas in commercial buildings. CFLs CFLs combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting with the convenience and popularity of incandescent fixtures. CFLs fit most fixtures

231

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

CX-008415: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15: Categorical Exclusion Determination 15: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008415: Categorical Exclusion Determination California-City-Westminster CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 07/10/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Conduct lighting retrofits in city buildings (City Hall, Council Chambers, Community Center/Senior Center, and Rose Center) which includes replacing some existing fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some 1st generation T8 fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some incandescent fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps or new PL-lamp fixtures, and adding occupancy sensor controls and daylight controls to interior lighting fixtures in some of the facilities.

233

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-City-Westminster CA-City-Westminster Location: City Westminster CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description: 1) Conduct lighting retrofits in city buildings (City Hall, Council Chambers, Community Center/Senior Center, and Rose Center) which includes replacing some existing fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some 1st generation T8 fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low- watt electronic ballasts, replacing some incandescent fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps or new PL- lamp fixtures, and adding occupancy sensor controls and daylight controls to interior lighting fixtures in some of the facilities; 2) replace tennis court light fixtures at Park West and Bolsa Chica Park; 3) furnish

234

ZPR-3 Assembly 11 : A cylindrical sssembly of highly enriched uranium and depleted uranium with an average {sup 235}U enrichment of 12 atom % and a depleted uranium reflector.  

SciTech Connect

Over a period of 30 years, more than a hundred Zero Power Reactor (ZPR) critical assemblies were constructed at Argonne National Laboratory. The ZPR facilities, ZPR-3, ZPR-6, ZPR-9 and ZPPR, were all fast critical assembly facilities. The ZPR critical assemblies were constructed to support fast reactor development, but data from some of these assemblies are also well suited for nuclear data validation and to form the basis for criticality safety benchmarks. A number of the Argonne ZPR/ZPPR critical assemblies have been evaluated as ICSBEP and IRPhEP benchmarks. Of the three classes of ZPR assemblies, engineering mockups, engineering benchmarks and physics benchmarks, the last group tends to be most useful for criticality safety. Because physics benchmarks were designed to test fast reactor physics data and methods, they were as simple as possible in geometry and composition. The principal fissile species was {sup 235}U or {sup 239}Pu. Fuel enrichments ranged from 9% to 95%. Often there were only one or two main core diluent materials, such as aluminum, graphite, iron, sodium or stainless steel. The cores were reflected (and insulated from room return effects) by one or two layers of materials such as depleted uranium, lead or stainless steel. Despite their more complex nature, a small number of assemblies from the other two classes would make useful criticality safety benchmarks because they have features related to criticality safety issues, such as reflection by soil-like material. ZPR-3 Assembly 11 (ZPR-3/11) was designed as a fast reactor physics benchmark experiment with an average core {sup 235}U enrichment of approximately 12 at.% and a depleted uranium reflector. Approximately 79.7% of the total fissions in this assembly occur above 100 keV, approximately 20.3% occur below 100 keV, and essentially none below 0.625 eV - thus the classification as a 'fast' assembly. This assembly is Fast Reactor Benchmark No. 8 in the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) Benchmark Specificationsa and has historically been used as a data validation benchmark assembly. Loading of ZPR-3 Assembly 11 began in early January 1958, and the Assembly 11 program ended in late January 1958. The core consisted of highly enriched uranium (HEU) plates and depleted uranium plates loaded into stainless steel drawers, which were inserted into the central square stainless steel tubes of a 31 x 31 matrix on a split table machine. The core unit cell consisted of two columns of 0.125 in.-wide (3.175 mm) HEU plates, six columns of 0.125 in.-wide (3.175 mm) depleted uranium plates and one column of 1.0 in.-wide (25.4 mm) depleted uranium plates. The length of each column was 10 in. (254.0 mm) in each half of the core. The axial blanket consisted of 12 in. (304.8 mm) of depleted uranium behind the core. The thickness of the depleted uranium radial blanket was approximately 14 in. (355.6 mm), and the length of the radial blanket in each half of the matrix was 22 in. (558.8 mm). The assembly geometry approximated a right circular cylinder as closely as the square matrix tubes allowed. According to the logbook and loading records for ZPR-3/11, the reference critical configuration was loading 10 which was critical on January 21, 1958. Subsequent loadings were very similar but less clean for criticality because there were modifications made to accommodate reactor physics measurements other than criticality. Accordingly, ZPR-3/11 loading 10 was selected as the only configuration for this benchmark. As documented below, it was determined to be acceptable as a criticality safety benchmark experiment. A very accurate transformation to a simplified model is needed to make any ZPR assembly a practical criticality-safety benchmark. There is simply too much geometric detail in an exact (as-built) model of a ZPR assembly, even a clean core such as ZPR-3/11 loading 10. The transformation must reduce the detail to a practical level without masking any of the important features of the critical experiment. And it must do this without increasing the total uncertain

Lell, R. M.; McKnight, R. D.; Tsiboulia, A.; Rozhikhin, Y.; National Security; Inst. of Physics and Power Engineering

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

235

Power Quality Improvements in Lighting Systems Mr. Ashish Shrivastava  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from early incandescent lamps to present generation light emitting diodes (LEDs). Incandescent light

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

236

Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance variations. Incandescent and fluorescent lightbetter than the common incandescent lamp. Off-grid lighting

Mills, Evan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A study of contacts and back-surface reflectors for 0.6-eV Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} thermophotovoltaic monolithically interconnected modules  

SciTech Connect

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems have recently rekindled a high level of interest for a number of applications. In order to meet the requirement of low-temperature ({approximately}1000&hthinsp;{degree}C) TPV systems, 0.6-eV Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} TPV monolithically interconnected modules (MIMs) have been developed at the National Renewable energy Laboratory (NREL) [1]. The successful fabrication of Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} MIMs depends on developing and optimizing of several key processes. Some results regarding the chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-SiO{sub 2} insulating layer, selective chemical etch via sidewall profiles, double-layer antireflection coatings, and metallization via interconnects have previously been given elsewhere [2]. In this paper, we report on the study of contacts and back-surface reflectors. In the first part of this paper, Ti/Pd/Ag and Cr/Pd/Ag contact to n-InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} and p-Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As are investigated. The transfer length method (TLM) was used for measuring of specific contact resistance R{sub c}. The dependence of R{sub c} on different doping levels and different pre-treatment of the two semiconductors will be reported. Also, the adhesion and the thermal stability of Ti/Pd/Ag and Cr/Pd/Ag contacts to n-InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} and p-Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As will be presented. In the second part of this paper, we discuss an optimum back-surface reflector (BSR) that has been developed for 0.6-eV Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} TPV MIM devices. The optimum BSR consists of three layers: {approximately}1300 {Angstrom} MgF{sub 2} (or {approximately}1300 {Angstrom} CVD SiO{sub 2}) dielectric layer, {approximately}25 {Angstrom} Ti adhesion layer, and {approximately}1500 {Angstrom} Au reflection layer. This optimum BSR has high reflectance, good adhesion, and excellent thermal stability. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Wu, X.; Duda, A.; Carapella, J.J.; Ward, J.S.; Webb, J.D.; Wanlass, M.W. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Demonstration of Recessed Downlight Technologies: Power and Illumination Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Solid state lighting (SSL), specifically light-emitting diodes (LED), has been advancing at a rapid pace, and there are presently multiple products available that serve as direct replacements for traditional luminaires. In this demonstration, conventional recessed lights in a conference room were used to compare conventional incandescent A-lamps, incandescent reflector R-lamps, dimming compact fluorescent lamps (CFL), to an LED replacement product. The primary focus during the study was on light delivered to the task plane as provided by the power required by the lighting system. Vertical illuminance, dimming range, and color shift are also important indicators of lighting quality and are discussed in the report. The results clearly showed that LEDs, with dimming-capable drivers, are much more efficient than incandescent and CFLs. Further, LEDs provide much smoother and consistent dimming than dimmable CFLs. On the potential negative side, it is important that the dimming switch be identified as compatible with the LED driver. A wide variety of dimmer switches are capable of dimming LEDs down to 15% of full light output, while select others can be capable of dimming LEDs down to 5%. In addition, LEDs can be intensive light sources, which can result in uncomfortable glare in some applications and to some occupants. Higher ceiling (9-foot or greater) or non-specular reflectors can act to alleviate the potential for glare.

Parker, Steven A.; Beeson, Tracy A.

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

High-performance CFL downlights: The best and the brightest  

SciTech Connect

Downlight fixtures -- often referred to as ``recessed cans`` -- are among the most common lighting fixtures in commercial and residential settings. As such, they represent one of the most promising targets for improving lighting energy efficiency. The authors estimate that downlight fixtures account for more than one-fifth of the 2.8 billion incandescent lighting sockets in the US, and represent about 8 percent of total direct lighting energy use. Over 30 million new fixtures of this type are sold each year in the US. With existing and foreseeable technology, nearly two-thirds of the incandescent downlights in the US are candidates for retrofit or replacement with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or fixtures. The remaining one-third, however, are unlikely to ever be replaceable with CFL technology because of constraints on light output, lighting quality, size, and cost-effectiveness of CFL alternatives. High performance downlight systems using compact fluorescent lamps and incorporating advanced optical, thermal, and ballast designs use up to 75 percent less energy than conventional incandescent downlight fixtures. Many CFL downlight fixtures, however, perform poorly. In this report, the authors explore ways in which various elements of fixture design influence performance. They also describe exemplary elements of high-performance designs, and evaluate several emerging or experimental technologies that promise to further improve efficiency.

Sardinsky, R.; Hawthorne, S.; Newcomb, J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

Soot particle size measurements in laminar premixed ethylene flames with laser-induced incandescence and scanning mobility particle sizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health, Environment International 32 (4): 560-566 (2006) Jacobson MZ, Climate Response of Fossil Fuel

Yin, Chung-Yuan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Appliance Standard Program - The FY 2003 Priority -Setting Summary Report and Actions Proposed - Appendix B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APPENDIX B: APPENDIX B: Data Sheets for Existing Products Table of Contents Product Rulemaking Priority Page Product Rulemaking Priority Page Commercial Air-Cooled Central A/C & Air-Source HP, 65-240 kBtu/h Standards High B-1 High Intensity Discharge Lamps Determination High B-27 Central A/C & HP, 3 phase, < 65 kBtu/h Standards Medium B-2 Test Procedure Low B-28 Clothes Dryers Standards Low B-3 Lamps, Fluorescent Standards Low B-29 Test Procedure Low B-4 Test Procedure Low B-30 Clothes Washers Standards* Low B-5 Lamps, Incandescent General Service Standards Low B-31 Test Procedure* Low B-6 Test Procedure Low B-32 Commercial Water-Cooled A/C & Water- Source Heat Pumps Standards Low B-7 Lamps, Incandescent Reflector Standards Low B-33

242

Appliance Standard Program - The FY 2003 Priority -Setting Summary Report and Actions Proposed - Appendix B  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APPENDIX B: APPENDIX B: Data Sheets for Existing Products Table of Contents Product Rulemaking Priority Page Product Rulemaking Priority Page Commercial Air-Cooled Central A/C & Air-Source HP, 65-240 kBtu/h Standards High B-1 High Intensity Discharge Lamps Determination High B-27 Central A/C & HP, 3 phase, < 65 kBtu/h Standards Medium B-2 Test Procedure Low B-28 Clothes Dryers Standards Low B-3 Lamps, Fluorescent Standards Low B-29 Test Procedure Low B-4 Test Procedure Low B-30 Clothes Washers Standards* Low B-5 Lamps, Incandescent General Service Standards Low B-31 Test Procedure* Low B-6 Test Procedure Low B-32 Commercial Water-Cooled A/C & Water- Source Heat Pumps Standards Low B-7 Lamps, Incandescent Reflector Standards Low B-33

243

Enforcement News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 30, 2010 June 30, 2010 DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued a draft interpretative rule clarifying its views on the application of the current residential clothes washer test procedure to machines that offer a warm rinse option that is not included in the recommended cycle for washing cotton or linen clothes. The Department is soliciting feedback from the public on the draft interpretive rule, which is available here, until July 30, 2010. June 24, 2010 DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE has issued Notices of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company requiring that they halt the sale of 8 basic models of incandescent

244

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

only be able to find incandescent lightbulbs and fluorescent10: Output spectra of incandescent light bulb, fluorescentemission spectra. The incandescent light bulb for example

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Building Technologies Program - 1995 Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more efficient than typical incandescent lamps (17 lpw),near term with the ubiquitous incandescent light bulb in theyet fit in virtually any incandescent socket. Emboldened by

Selkowitz, S.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

project. Modify the default values to suit your project requirements. Existing incandescent lamp wattage Watts Incandescent lamp cost dollars Incandescent lamp life 1000 hours...

247

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equipment years years Incandescent Lamps (Residential)W CFL 4hr/day Chinese Data Incandescent Lamps (Commercial)and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators Air

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for typical wattage of incandescent bulbs and hours of usagefor which we assume that incandescent bulbs gradually getsimilar to that of incandescent or fluorescent bulbs. These

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Status and Opportunities for Improving the Consistency of Technical Reference Manuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than an equivalent incandescent). More recent TRMs tend torequiring standard incandescent bulbs to be 30% morea ratio of average incandescent wattage removed to average

Jayaweera, Tina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting (replacement of incandescent lamps with CFLs) withof each type of lamp: incandescent; fluorescent tubes; andless consumptive than incandescent bulbs. Second, it impacts

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumers to replace incandescent bulbs with CFLs. Weprograms (for example, incandescent bulbs) and j indicatesend-use (for example, incandescent bulbs) in 2011 and, T c

Abhyankar, Nikit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Stalled on the Road to the Market: Analysis of Field Experience with a Project to Promote Lighting Efficiency in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

several rea- sons: (1) incandescent lamps, the products thatin replacing an incandescent with a CFL is unmatched in anysame quantity of light as an incandescent lamp. The BELLE

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000: Lighting Type Incandescent Fluorescent CFL Percentagescenario, we assume that incandescent bulbs are graduallyW 60W 15W Fluorescent Lamps Incandescent Lamps CFL We then

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy consumed by an incandescent bulb is emitted in thefluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights typically arelamps in place of incandescent bulbs in most cases; and

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift from conventional incandescent technology to modernby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by aSLA battery, and incandescent flashlights powered by dry

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

socket for a standard incandescent lamp. Once the diffuserwhether the lamp is fluorescent or incandescent, Comparedto the incandescent lamp, the circline fluorescent improves

Berman, S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting using incandescent lights and fluorescent lamps, asenergy used for the incandescent lamp is wasted as infraredsource to replace incandescent and fluorescent lighting [2].

Han, Jinkyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Controls for Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

very high would replace incandescent and halogen A modernmotion sensor, the incandescent lamp switches on providing awork with fluorescent and incandescent lighting as well as

Rubinstein, Francis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

people reported using an incandescent dry cell flashlightpurchasers. TypeofLight Incandescent LEDdrycell LEDLED rechargeable, and incandescent dry cell flashlights were

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 Figure 10. Efficacy of AC incandescent13 Figure 11. Efficacy of AC incandescent reflectorand halogen lamps, which are incandescent, have considerably

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

out of inefficient incandescent light bulbs”, informationof a complete phasing out of incandescent lamps by 2009. Theof an import restriction on incandescent general lighting

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and general lighting incandescent services (GLIS) areLighting Phase out of incandescent lighting has been passedout of general service incandescent lamps (GSIL) which dont

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Economic Analysis of Ilumex, A Project to Promote Energy-Efficient Residential Lighting in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results for Replaceable Incandescent Lamps GUADALAJARA:new pesoslkWh respectively. Incandescent bulb purchase iscompared to conventional incandescent lamps, but its much

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting, we assume that incandescent bulbs have a one-yeargigaton Indonesia India incandescent Lamp Japan Koreaprice data for 60-watt incandescent bulbs, excluding non-

Letschert, Virginie E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Radiative Heat Transfer in Enhanced Hydrogen Outgassing of Glass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

samples are exposed to an incandescent lamp. Acknowledgmentin a furnace or by an incandescent lamp. It was observedwhen heated by an incandescent lamp than within furnace.

Kitamura, Rei; Pilon, Laurent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

2007 Status Report: Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) VoluntaryLabeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Homan, Gregory K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following majorproposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile. 2 Lifeless energy: here incandescent lights (IL) are evaluated

Letschert, Virginie E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps RefrigeratorsMachines IndustrialMotors IncandescentLamps StandbyPowerGasWater Heaters, Incandescent Lamps,286 Industrial

McNeil, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Available in the Kenyan Off-Grid Lighting Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have largely displaced incandescent flashlights in retailinvolving the use of incandescent lighting, unless there areFluorescent Flashlight C Incandescent SPX 50 Fluorescent y x

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

2005 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China has beenhand, a phase- out of incandescent lamps has begun to Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China in 2011.

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights are typicallyhours) Applications Incandescent Task Halogen Task CFL TaskCenter of Wisconsin. Replace incandescent lamps with compact

Worrell, Ernst

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

device. For instance, an incandescent bulb used one hour persockets. We create incandescent bulb UECs by both hours ofand lifetimes for standard incandescent bulbs and their more

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weighted average across incandescent, CFL, and non-ENERGYreports power savings from incandescent/CFL lamp replacementreplacement of a 65 W incandescent lamp with a 16 W compact

Sanchez, Marla Christine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of color compared with the incandescent reference source isin this report. Standard Incandescent Halogen Low-Pressure:value equivalent to an incandescent filament lamp. Taking

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Synthesis and characterization of visible emission from rare-earth doped aluminum nitride, gallium nitride and gallium aluminum nitride powders and thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential lighting using incandescent lights [2], as shownenergy used for the incandescent lamp is wasted as infraredlight source to replace incandescent lighting [1]. Figure

Tao, Jonathan Huai-Tse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Acting Globally: Potential Carbon Emissions Mitigation Impacts from an International Standards and Labelling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

both fluorescent and incandescent), standby power (forFluorescent Tubes Incandescent Lamps All % of CFL variableRefrigerator Savings Incandescent Lamp Savings Fluorescent

Letschert, Virginie E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Equipment Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators RoomElectricWaterHeaters IncandescentLamps In2020 In2030512 CentralAC& HP,264 Incandescent Lamps,513 Standby

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

whenever possible) Lamps Type (incandescent, fluorescent,are as follows: Lamp Type Incandescent FI uorescent Mercurylumens/watt lumens/watt Incandescent Mercury Metal Additive

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone etbenefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDsby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by a

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

52LPW assuming 80% incandescent @14LPW goes to CFL @52LPWthan the traditional incandescent lighting it is replacingbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Optical and Mechanical Effects of Elastomeric Distributed Bragg Reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

colour selective mirrors as can be seen in Figure 1.2(b), where the DBR is preferentially reflecting green light while allowing other colours to transmit through it as shown in Figure 1.3. Since DBRs can be made from transparent materials, and because its... materials, and using such materials for creating dielec- tric mirrors will allow them to exhibit their unique properties in conjunction with the optical properties defined by their periodic structure. Interaction between polymers and their solvents is a...

Kamita, Gen

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

284

Project Profile: High Performance Reflector Panels for CSP Assemblies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

PPG, under the CSP R&D FOA, is aiming to develop and commercialize large-area second-surface glass mirrors that are superior in value, cost, and performance, to existing mirrors on the market today.

285

Code division multiple access signaling for modulated reflector technology  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for utilizing code division multiple access in modulated reflectance transmissions comprises the steps of generating a phase-modulated reflectance data bit stream; modifying the modulated reflectance data bit stream; providing the modified modulated reflectance data bit stream to a switch that connects an antenna to an infinite impedance in the event a "+1" is to be sent, or connects the antenna to ground in the event a "0" or a "-1" is to be sent.

Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

High-Frequency Radars: Beamforming Calibrations Using Ships as Reflectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Linear array antennas and beamforming techniques offer some advantages compared to direction finding using squared arrays. The azimuthal resolution depends on the number of antenna elements and their spacing. Assuming an ideal beam pattern and no ...

X. Flores-Vidal; P. Flament; R. Durazo; C. Chavanne; K.-W. Gurgel

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors- FY12 Q4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document summarizes the progress of this University of Arizona project, funded by SunShot, for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2012.

288

Advanced Manufacture of Reflectors- FY13 Q1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document summarizes the progress of this University of Arizona project, funded by SunShot, for the first quarter of fiscal year 2013.

289

Suzaku observations of Markarian 335: evidence for a distributed reflector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......as (Shakura Syunyaev 1973). A natural explanation for the constant temperature...unification models, and in highly ionized gas filling this torus, respectively...new processing version. JL thanks Corpus Christi College, the Isaac Newton Trust......

J. Larsson; G. Miniutti; A. C. Fabian; J. M. Miller; C. S. Reynolds; G. Ponti

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0005.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Halco Lighting Technologies ) Case No.: EXC-12-0005 Halco Lighting Technologies ) Case No.: EXC-12-0005 ) Filing Date: April 20, 2012 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: July 10, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Halco Lighting Technologies (Halco or the Applicant), seeking temporary exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with

291

EXC-12-0010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) DLU Lighting USA ) Case No.: EXC-12-0010 ) Filing Date: June 25, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: September 6, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by DLU Lighting USA (DLU or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the Lighting

292

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0014.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Topaz Lighting Corporation. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0014 Topaz Lighting Corporation. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0014 ) Filing Date: October 1, 2012 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: November 19, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Topaz Lighting Corporation, (Topaz or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its request, the Applicant asserts that it will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if it is required to comply with the Lighting

293

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0007.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) Tailored Lighting, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0007 ) Filing Date: May 7, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: October 23, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Tailored Lighting, Inc. (TLI or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the Lighting

294

Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) June 14, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation finding that various models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the products were noncompliant based on the company's own testing. Westinghouse Lighting must immediately notify each person (or company) to whom Westinghouse Lighting distributed the noncompliant products that the products do not meet Federal standards. In addition, Westinghouse Lighting must provide to DOE documents and records showing the number of units Westinghouse Lighting distributed and to whom. The manufacturer

295

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0011.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse Lighting Corporation ) Case No.: EXC-12-0011 Westinghouse Lighting Corporation ) Case No.: EXC-12-0011 ) Filing Date: July 24, 2012 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: September 17, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Westinghouse Lighting Corporation (Westinghouse or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with

296

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0009.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) Satco Products, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0009 ) Filing Date: May 25, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: July 20, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Satco Products, Inc. (Satco or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the Lighting

297

2006 Draft Rulemaking Activities Data Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING 2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING ACTIVITIES DATA SHEETS APPLIANCE STANDARDS BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY October 2005 1 Table of Contents (alphabetical order) Product Rulemaking Page Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps less than 65 kBtu/hr, 3-Phase (Commercial) Standards 1 Automatic Ice Makers (Commercial) Standards 2 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Determination 3 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Test Procedure 4 Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits Standards 5 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Standards 9 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Test Procedure 10 Certain Incandescent Reflector Lamps (ER/BR) Coverage 11 Clothes Dryers (Residential) Standards 12

298

2006 Draft Rulemaking Activities Data Sheets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING 2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING ACTIVITIES DATA SHEETS APPLIANCE STANDARDS BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY October 2005 1 Table of Contents (alphabetical order) Product Rulemaking Page Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps less than 65 kBtu/hr, 3-Phase (Commercial) Standards 1 Automatic Ice Makers (Commercial) Standards 2 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Determination 3 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Test Procedure 4 Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits Standards 5 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Standards 9 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Test Procedure 10 Certain Incandescent Reflector Lamps (ER/BR) Coverage 11 Clothes Dryers (Residential) Standards 12

299

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0008.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Litetronics International, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0008 Litetronics International, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0008 ) Filing Date: May 9, 2012 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: July 20, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Litetronics International, Inc. (Litetronics or the Applicant), seeking temporary exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of

300

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0001thru03.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) Philips Lighting Company; ) Case Nos.: EXC-12-0001 GE Lighting; and ) EXC-12-0002 OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. ) EXC-12-0003 ) Filing Date: February 22, 2012 ) ____________________________________) Issued: April 16, 2012 _____________________ Decision and Order ______________________ This Decision and Order considers Applications for Exception filed by Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. (OSI) (collectively, "the Applicants"), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, pertaining to Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED) replace conventional incandescent lighting Heat pumpreplacing Only the residential sector remains incandescentdominantly incandescent. Although bulbs, primarily in LED

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Laboratory Ventilation SafetyLaboratory Ventilation Safety J. Scott WardJ. Scott Ward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the incandescent light bulb in 1879.incandescent light bulb in 1879. #12;First Labconco Hood 1936First Labconco

Farritor, Shane

303

PHASE I FINAL REPORT SUBCONTRACT NO. 2019702 "ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUORESCENT BALLASTS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELATIVE EFFICIENCY (FOOT CANDLES/POWER IN) LAMP TEMPERATUREEFFICIENCY (FOOT CANDLES/POWER IN) LAMP TEMPERATURE *INPUT CURRENT POWER INPUT POWER FACTOR LIGHT IN FOOT CANDLES

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The future of the carbon cycle: review, calcification response, ballast and feedback on atmospheric CO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...inorganic carbon ( C O2) in seawater is in the form HCO- 3 , the...inorganic carbon species in seawater is such that, for a given...effective buffering capacity of seawater is analogous to the Revelle...larger capacity for carbon storage in the oceans than in the atmosphere...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 2010 Total Lighting Technology Electricity Consumption, by Sector (TWh per Year) (1) Incandescent 136 78% 15 4% 0 0% 4 4% 156 22% General (A-type, Decorative) 112 64% 9 3% 0 0% - - 122 17% Reflector 19 11% 5 2% 0 0% - - 24 3% Miscellaneous 5 3% 0 0% 0 0% 4 4% 9 1% Halogen 12 7% 15 4% 0 0% 1 1% 28 4% General 1 1% 0 0% 0 0% - - 1 0% Reflector 8 5% 7 2% 0 0% - - 15 2% Low Voltage Display 1 0% 7 2% - - - - 8 1% Miscellaneous 2 1% 1 0% 0 0% 1 1% 4 1% Compact Fluorescent 15 9% 16 5% 0 0% 1 1% 32 5% General (Screw, Pin) 13 7% 13 4% 0 0% - - 26 4% Reflector 1 1% 3 1% 0 0% - - 4 1% Miscellaneous 1 1% - - 0 0% 1 1% 2 0% Linear Fluorescent 10 6% 250 72% 23 40% 10 9% 294 42% T5 0 0% 16 5% 2 4% - - 19 3% T8 1 1% 124 35% 12 21% - - 137 20% T12 7 4% 109 31% 9 15% - - 124 18% Miscellaneous 2 1% 2 0% 0 0% 10 9% 14 2% High Intensity Discharge 0 0% 49 14% 35 60% 98 83% 183 26% Mercury Vapor 0 0% 1 0% 4 7% 4 3% 9 1% Metal Halide 0 0% 43 12% 25 42% 29 25% 97 14% High Pressure Sodium 0 0% 5 1%

306

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 2010 Total Lighting Technology Light Output, by Sector (Trillion Lumen-Hour per Year)(1) Residential Commercial Industrial Other (2) Total Incandescent 1640 49% 180 1% 0 0% 50 1% 1870 5% General (A-type, Decorative) 1390 42% 120 0% 0 0% - - 1510 4% Reflector 190 6% 60 0% 0 0% - - 250 1% Miscellaneous 60 2% 0 0% - - 50 1% 110 0% Halogen 170 5% 240 1% 0 0% 20 0% 430 1% General 20 1% 0 0% 0 0% - - 20 0% Reflector 110 3% 100 0% 0 0% - - 210 1% Low Voltage Display 10 0% 130 1% - - - - 140 0% Miscellaneous 30 1% 10 0% 0 0% 20 0% 70 0% Compact Fluorescent 780 23% 880 4% 0 0% 50 1% 1710 4% General (Screw, Pin) 670 20% 760 3% 0 0% - - 1430 4% Reflector 60 2% 130 1% 0 0% - - 180 0% Miscellaneous 50 2% - - - - 50 1% 100 0% Linear Fluorescent 670 20% 19180 79% 1800 40% 750 9% 22400 55% T5 0 0% 1480 6% 210 5% - - 1700 4% T8 80 2% 9690 40% 960 21% - - 10740 26% T12 470 14% 7880 32% 640 14% - - 8980 22% Miscellaneous 100 3% 120 0% 10 0% 750 9% 980 2% High Intensity Discharge

307

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of lighting bulb (incandescent, fluorescent), number ofof incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes per household,incandescent bulbs of 60W and 2.1 fluorescent tubes of 40W

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

38 TWh, 10% of which was for incandescent lighting (Fig. 3).The electricity consumed in incandescent lighting can be300 and 400 million incandescent lamps in the country. Let

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Boom of Electricity Demand in the Residential Sector in the Developing World and the Potential for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Estimates of thein Table 3. Table 3 Incandescent, Fluorescent and CFL lampthe surveys is 60W for incandescent bulb, 15W for CFLs and

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reports power savings from incandescent/CFL lamp replacementreplacement of a 65 W incandescent lamp with a 16 W compactthe equivalent of 109 W incandescent lamp, the average of

Homan, GregoryK

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the replacement of short-lived incandescent bulbs with long-the replacement of short-lived incandescent bulbs with long-15 watt CFL for 60 watt incandescent bulb), durable (minimum

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of lighting bulb (incandescent, fluorescent), number ofhouseholds possessed 3.2 incandescent bulbs of 60W and 2.1areas versus only 2.1 incandescent bulbs of 60W and 1.5

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology categories: incandescent, CFL, non-Energy Star45% of exit signs were incandescent, 40% were CFLs, 7.5%share weighted average of incandescent, CFL, and non-Energy

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS NOTICE (2011-04-25) i ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements ______ 22/E12* IES LM-45:1991 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13* IES LM-45:2000 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13a* IES LM-45:2009 Incandescent

315

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including a) LED lamp, b) incandescent lamp, c) Macbook Pro,W) a LED Lamp 15W b Incandescent Lamp 25W c Macbook 200W dLED lamp (LED) from the incandescent lamp (Lamp) and the Fan

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS TEST METHOD SELECTION LIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:1991 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13* IES LM-45:2000 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13a* IES LM-45:2009 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E14 IES LM

317

Ecosystem under Pressure: Examining the Phytoplankton Community in the High Ballast Water Discharge Environment of Galveston Bay, Texas (USA).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With steady growth in global commerce and intensified ship traffic worldwide, comes the increased risk of invasion by non-indigenous organisms. Annually, >7000 vessels traveled across (more)

Steichen, Jamie L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Ecosystem under Pressure: Examining the Phytoplankton Community in the High Ballast Water Discharge Environment of Galveston Bay, Texas (USA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and support the idea that a monitoring system within the ports as well as the bay should be put in place. The actions would help to maintain the current health of this ecosystem and aide in preventing a negative impact in the event of successful establishment...

Steichen, Jamie L

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also additional benefits from avoided costs of environmentalpremium for India)) - (avoided annual cost of incandescents)electricity) + (avoided annual cost of incandescents) - (

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appliance type Standard technology DC-internal best technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED Incandescent Electronic Heating Heater Electric resistance Cooling Motor (& compressor,

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

MOntage Builders NORTHERN FOREST NORTHERN FOREST MOntage  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of light: incandescent (as a control), compact florescent lighting (CFL), and light emitting diode (LED). LIGHTING AND APPLIANCES Comparison P oint LED CFL Incandescent Watt B...

322

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of incandescent light bulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue lightof incandescent light bulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue lightincandescent bulb and is on the same order as fluorescent

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol.23, No. 4, 1997 CUTICULAR HYDROCARBONS OF TERMITES OF THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a single incandescent light. Initially samples were dried in whatevervessel wasavailable over whatever lamp scintillation vials over a single 75-W, reflecting incandescent light.

Yorke, James

324

A Journey from UCSB physics to Audrey Nelson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target Gas Patented Waveguide Incandescent Infrared Source Microprocessor Diffusion Membranes Dual Beam integrated electronics Incandescent IR source and multi-channel thermopile detector Current gases applicable

Akhmedov, Azer

325

1. Mean Trick in the Shower It is known that in conditions of collective water supply the temperature of the water flowing on the man in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

outside affect the situation. 4. , , , . 4. Incandescent Data Transfer Achieve a maximum data transfer rate using an incandescent bulb as a transmitter to modulate the optical signal

Kaplan, Alexander

326

THELUMINAPROJECT http://light.lbl.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs

Jacobson, Arne

327

Arnold Schwarzenegger SPECTRALLY ENHANCED CERAMIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor SPECTRALLY ENHANCED CERAMIC INCANDESCENT EMITTER Prepared For ENHANCED CERAMIC INCANDESCENT EMITTER EISG AWARDEE SONSIGHT INC. 17609 Clinton Drive Accokeek, MD 20607

328

Replacement Costs and Cleaning & Service Charges for ResidenceHalls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incandescent Light Fixture $130.00 each Incandescent Light Fixture Globe $82.00 each Exit Sign $440.00 each

Shyy, Wei

329

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2011 22, 2011 Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Elmira Stove Works failed to certify refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smeg USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers and refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that EiKO Ltd. - North America failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508)

330

EXC-13-0001 - In the Matter of Feit Electric Company, Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of Feit Electric Company, Inc. 1 - In the Matter of Feit Electric Company, Inc. EXC-13-0001 - In the Matter of Feit Electric Company, Inc. On February 5, 2013, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Feit Electric Company (Feit) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Feit asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Feit cited a previous OHA

331

EXC-12-0014 - In the Matter of Topaz Lighting Corporation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 - In the Matter of Topaz Lighting Corporation 4 - In the Matter of Topaz Lighting Corporation EXC-12-0014 - In the Matter of Topaz Lighting Corporation On November 16, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Topaz Lighting Corporation (Topaz) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Topaz asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Topaz cited a previous OHA

332

Information Resources: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs This September 23, 2008 webcast provided an overview of the Bright Tomorrow Lighting Prize (L Prize) technology competition. The L Prize calls for super-efficient SSL products to replace two of the most common light bulbs used today: the 60-watt incandescent and the PAR-38 halogen reflector. Kelly Gordon, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, kicked off the webcast with an overview of the competition requirements, evaluation process, and opportunities for promotion of the winning products. Mary Matteson Bryan, Pacific Gas & Electric, and Liesel Whitney-Schulte, Wisconsin Focus on Energy, followed with a look at the role of L Prize partners and plans for their organizations to support the winning products through demonstrations, education, promotions, and other collaborative efforts.

333

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products August 6, 2010 - 4:26pm Addthis The Department has issued Notices of Allowance to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company determining, based on corrected test data provided by Westinghouse, that the incandescent reflector lamps listed below are compliant with the federal energy conservation standard and may be sold in the United States. These 11 Westinghouse brand lamps, usually used in recessed light fixtures, correspond to 7 basic models, which are manufactured in China by Fuzhou. DOE had previously issued Notices requiring Fuzhou and Westinghouse to

334

Product Efficiency Cases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Product Efficiency Cases Product Efficiency Cases Product Efficiency Cases RSS November 6, 2013 EXC-13-0004 - In the Matter of Liebherr Canada Ltd. On November 6, 2013, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Liebherr Canada Ltd. (Liebherr). In its Application, Liebherr sought relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. March 19, 2013 EXC-13-0003 - In the Matter of W.W. Grainger, Inc. On March 18, 2013, OHA issued a decision denying an Application for Exception filed by W. W. Grainger, Inc. (Grainger) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). February 22, 2013 EXC-13-0002 - In the Matter of Technical Consumer Products, Inc.

335

Microsoft Word - EXC-13-0002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Consumer Products, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-13-0002 Technical Consumer Products, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-13-0002 ) Filing Date: January 18, 2013 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: February 22, 2013 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Technical Consumer Products, Inc., (TCP or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its request, the Applicant asserts that it will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if it is required to comply with the Lighting

336

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 18360 of 28,905 results. 51 - 18360 of 28,905 results. Download DOE F 1350.4 DOE Program Review Centers Information Sheet http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/doe-f-13504 Download jrevSETTLEMENT0105.PDF http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/jrevsettlement0105pdf0 Download Fuzhou Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd. finding that a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/fuzhou-sunlight-noncompliance-determination-2010-se-1402 Download ASKO Appliances: Notice of Investigation (2010-SE-0601) DOE notified ASKO Appliances, Inc., by letter that DOE believes ASKO dishwasher model D5122XXLB may violate federal minimum standards for energy

337

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 2740 of 26,777 results. 31 - 2740 of 26,777 results. Download Microsoft Word- AL2005-01.doc http://energy.gov/management/downloads/microsoft-word-al2005-01doc Download EIS-0346: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Salmon Creek Project, Water Flow Restoration and Streambed Rehabilitation, Providing Passage for Summer Steelhead and Spring Chinook, Funding, Okanogan County, Washington http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0346-epa-notice-availability-draft-environmental-impact-statement Download DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912) DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

338

Summary of Decisions - September 3 - September 7, 2012 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- September 7, 2012 - September 7, 2012 Summary of Decisions - September 3 - September 7, 2012 September 10, 2012 - 1:18pm Addthis Application for Exception (10 CFR Part 430) On September 6, 2012, OHA issued a decision denying an Application for Exception filed by DLU Lighting USA (DLU) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, DLU asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General

339

EXC-13-0003 - In the Matter of W.W. Grainger, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - In the Matter of W.W. Grainger, Inc. 3 - In the Matter of W.W. Grainger, Inc. EXC-13-0003 - In the Matter of W.W. Grainger, Inc. On March 18, 2013, OHA issued a decision denying an Application for Exception filed by W. W. Grainger, Inc. (Grainger) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Grainger asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its LumaPro brand 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Grainger cited a previous

340

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 9480 of 28,560 results. 71 - 9480 of 28,560 results. Download Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-300 Maine Public Service Company http://energy.gov/oe/downloads/application-presidential-permit-oe-docket-no-pp-300-maine-public-service-company Download Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation finding that various models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/westinghouse-lighting-noncompliance-determination-2010-ce-091001 Download Major Communications Report March 13, 2009 This file includes the Department of Energy's major announcements regarding the Recovery Act such as press releases, videos, press events or other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Compliance Certification Enforcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 22, 2011 April 22, 2011 Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Topstar International, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 Living Direct: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Living Direct, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea Washing Appliances Mfg. Co., Ltd. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable water and energy conservation standards.

342

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

801 - 15810 of 31,917 results. 801 - 15810 of 31,917 results. Download Fuzhou Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd. finding that a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/fuzhou-sunlight-noncompliance-determination-2010-se-1402 Download Conflict of Interest and Nondisclosure Acknowledgement http://energy.gov/management/downloads/conflict-interest-and-nondisclosure-acknowledgement-0 Download Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: Bandolier and Portaledge, March 2010 This project of the cyber security audit and attack detection toolkit will employ Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the

343

EXC-12-0011 - In the Matter of Westinghouse Lighting Corporation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of Westinghouse Lighting Corporation 1 - In the Matter of Westinghouse Lighting Corporation EXC-12-0011 - In the Matter of Westinghouse Lighting Corporation On September 17, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Westinghouse Lighting Corporation (Westinghouse) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Westinghouse asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the Lighting Efficiency Standards, which became effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL).

344

EXC-12-0006 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. 6 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0006 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. On July 27, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. (PQL) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, PQL asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service

345

U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave, SW  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave, SW Washington, DC 20585 In the Matter of: Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd. ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2010-SE-1402 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION CERTIFICATION Manufacturers of certain covered products are required to certify compliance with the applicable energy conservation standards through submission of a compliance statement and a certification report. 10 CFR § 430.62. See 42 U.S.C. 6296. On June 4, 2010, Westinghouse provided to DOE copies of NVLAP test reports for a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps. Westinghouse also provided a spreadsheet summarizing the information from the test reports. In relevant part, the spreadsheet (and test reports) details the following information:

346

Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) More Documents & Publications Aero-Tech: Order (2010-CE-1012) Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411)

347

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 14040 of 31,917 results. 31 - 14040 of 31,917 results. Download Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Mitsubishi Electric & Electronics USA, Inc. failed to certify residential central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps as compliant with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/mitsubishi-electric-proposed-penalty-2011-ce-010202 Download Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Turolight, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/turolight-proposed-penalty-2011-ce-2705 Download Sunpentown: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1504)

348

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0012.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0012 Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0012 ) Filing Date: September 11, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: November 16, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. (Ascent or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the

349

Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Trojan, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) More Documents & Publications Trojan: Order (2011-CE-2704) Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705)

350

Microsoft Word - EXC-13-0001.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feit Electric Company, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-13-0001 Feit Electric Company, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-13-0001 ) Filing Date: January 11, 2013 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: February 5, 2013 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Feit Electric Company, Inc., (Feit or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its request, the Applicant asserts that it will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if it is required to comply with the Lighting

351

Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Topstar International, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) More Documents & Publications Topstar International: Order (2011-CE-2703) Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705)

352

Summary of Decisions - November 19, 2012 - November 23, 2012 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2012 - November 23, 2012 9, 2012 - November 23, 2012 Summary of Decisions - November 19, 2012 - November 23, 2012 November 23, 2012 - 1:10pm Addthis Application for Exception On November 16, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Topaz Lighting Corporation (Topaz) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Topaz asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service

353

EXC-12-0009 - In the Matter of Satco Products, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 - In the Matter of Satco Products, Inc. 9 - In the Matter of Satco Products, Inc. EXC-12-0009 - In the Matter of Satco Products, Inc. On July 20, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Satco Products, Inc. (Satco) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Satco asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Satco cited a previous OHA

354

EXC-12-0013 - In the Matter of EiKO, Ltd. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - In the Matter of EiKO, Ltd. 3 - In the Matter of EiKO, Ltd. EXC-12-0013 - In the Matter of EiKO, Ltd. On November 16, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by EiKO, Ltd. (EiKO) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, EiKO asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, EiKO cited a previous OHA decision in which OHA granted

355

EXC-13-0002 - In the Matter of Technical Consumer Products, Inc. |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - In the Matter of Technical Consumer Products, Inc. 2 - In the Matter of Technical Consumer Products, Inc. EXC-13-0002 - In the Matter of Technical Consumer Products, Inc. On February 22, 2013, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Technical Consumer Products, Inc. (TCP) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, TCP asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service

356

EXC-12-0012 - In the Matter of Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - In the Matter of Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. 2 - In the Matter of Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. EXC-12-0012 - In the Matter of Ascent Battery Supply, L.L.C. On November 15, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Ascent Battery Supply, LLC (Ascent) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Ascent asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service

357

EXC-12-0005 - In the Matter of Halco Lighting Technologies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 - In the Matter of Halco Lighting Technologies 5 - In the Matter of Halco Lighting Technologies EXC-12-0005 - In the Matter of Halco Lighting Technologies On July 10, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Halco Lighting Technologies (Halco) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Halco asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Halco cited previous requests for

358

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0006.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0006 Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0006 ) Filing Date: May 1, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: July 27, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. (PQL or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the

359

Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012 Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012 Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012 September 21, 2012 - 9:09am Addthis Application for Exception (10 CFR Part 430) On September 17, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Westinghouse Lighting Corporation (Westinghouse) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Westinghouse asserted that it would suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the Lighting Efficiency

360

Westinghouse Lighting: Order (2010-CE-09/1001) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Order (2010-CE-09/1001) Order (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Order (2010-CE-09/1001) December 9, 2010 DOE ordered Westinghouse Lighting Corporation to pay a $50,000 civil penalty after finding Westinghouse Lighting had failed to certify that certain models of general service flourescent and incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE also found that Westinghouse Lighting had manufactured and distributed noncompliant products in commerce in the U.S. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement terms between DOE and Westinghouse Lighting. Westinghouse Lighting: Order (2010-CE-09/1001) More Documents & Publications DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912) Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014) Philips: Order (2012-SE-2605

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Fuzhou Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) June 16, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd. finding that a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the products were noncompliant based on the company's own testing. Fuzhou Sunlight must immediately notify each person (or company) to whom Fuzhou Sunlight distributed the noncompliant products that the products do not meet Federal standards. In addition, Fuzhou Sunlight must provide to DOE documents and records showing the number of units Fuzhou Sunlight distributed and to whom. The manufacturer

362

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 12640 of 31,917 results. 31 - 12640 of 31,917 results. Download CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-010744-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-010745: Categorical Exclusion Determination America Saves! Energizing Main Street Small Businesses CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 08/16/2013 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-010745-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-010747: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advanced Commercial Buildings Initiative CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 08/16/2013

363

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 14050 of 31,917 results. 41 - 14050 of 31,917 results. Download Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Trojan, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/trojan-proposed-penalty-2011-ce-2704 Download Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1507) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Heat Controller, Inc. failed to certify a variety of room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/heat-controller-proposed-penalty-2011-ce-1507 Download AGA Marvel: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that AGA Marvel (also AGA

364

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 20970 of 28,560 results. 61 - 20970 of 28,560 results. Download WA_07_021_SUNPOWER_CORPORATION_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreig.pdf http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/wa07021sunpowercorporationwaiverofdomesticandforeigpdf Download Fuzhou Sunlight: Noncompliance Determination (2010-SE-1402) DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd. finding that a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/fuzhou-sunlight-noncompliance-determination-2010-se-1402 Download Microsoft Word- FAL2004-02.doc http://energy.gov/management/downloads/microsoft-word-fal2004-02doc Download Microsoft Word- AL2006-02.doc http://energy.gov/management/downloads/microsoft-word-al2006-02doc

365

Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2012 - September 21, 2012 7, 2012 - September 21, 2012 Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012 September 21, 2012 - 9:09am Addthis Application for Exception (10 CFR Part 430) On September 17, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Westinghouse Lighting Corporation (Westinghouse) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Westinghouse asserted that it would suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the Lighting Efficiency Standards, which became effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with

366

Summary of Decisions - February 18, 2013-February 22, 2013 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2013-February 22, 2013 8, 2013-February 22, 2013 Summary of Decisions - February 18, 2013-February 22, 2013 February 22, 2013 - 1:35pm Addthis Application for Exception On February 22, 2013, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Technical Consumer Products, Inc. (TCP) for relief from the provisions of 10 CFR Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, TCP asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service

367

Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) More Documents & Publications Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014)

368

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 1, 2010 November 1, 2010 Innovative Concept Appliances: Order (2010-CE-03/0415) DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with Innovative Concept Appliances, LLC. to resolve a case involving the failure to certify that a variety of residential clothes washers and clothes dryers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. October 29, 2010 DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912) DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards. October 29, 2010 GE-Prolec CCE Meeting October 19,2010 GE-Prolec CCE meeting of October 19, 2010 concerning Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-CE-0014 October 28, 2010

369

Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) April 19, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Westinghouse Lighting Corporation failed to certify various flourescent and incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) More Documents & Publications

370

EXC-12-0008 - In the Matter of Litetronics International, Inc. | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 - In the Matter of Litetronics International, Inc. 8 - In the Matter of Litetronics International, Inc. EXC-12-0008 - In the Matter of Litetronics International, Inc. On July 20, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Litetronics International, Inc. (Litetronics) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Litetronics asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series

371

EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that EiKO Ltd. - North America failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) More Documents & Publications EiKO: Order (2011-CE-2702) Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705)

372

EXC-12-0004 - In the Matter of Ushio America, Inc | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 - In the Matter of Ushio America, Inc 4 - In the Matter of Ushio America, Inc EXC-12-0004 - In the Matter of Ushio America, Inc On June 21, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Ushio America, Inc. (Ushio) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, Ushio asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Ushio cited previous requests for

373

EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips 1, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting Company, GE Lighting, and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting Company, GE Lighting, and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. On April 16, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting Applications for Exception filed respectively by Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. (OSI) (collectively, "the Applicants"), for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In their exception requests, the Applicants asserted that they will suffer a serious hardship, gross

374

EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting Company, GE Lighting, and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting Company, GE Lighting, and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. On April 16, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting Applications for Exception filed respectively by Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. (OSI) (collectively, "the Applicants"), for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In their exception requests, the Applicants asserted that they will suffer a serious hardship, gross

375

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 120 of 8,172 results. 11 - 120 of 8,172 results. Download Audit Report: OAS-L-06-09 The Department of Energy's Management Oil of the Northeast Home Heating Reserve http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-l-06-09 Download Audit Report: OAS-L-05-09 Audit of the National Nuclear Security Administration's Deferred Maintenance http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-l-05-09 Download Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation finding that various models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/westinghouse-lighting-noncompliance-determination-2010-ce-091001 Download Inspection Letter Report: INS-L-09-06

376

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. September 7, 2010 Stiebel Eltron: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1711) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Stiebel Eltron, Inc. failed to certify a variety of water heaters as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. September 7, 2010 Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2009-060 This is a request by PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION for a DOE waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-EE0000412 September 2, 2010 Whirlpool: ENERGY STAR Referral (ASD2524VE) DOE referred the matter of Whirlpool's Amana-brand dishwasher model

377

United States Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

W.W. Grainger, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-13-0003 W.W. Grainger, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-13-0003 ) Filing Date: February 19, 2013 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: March 19, 2013 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by W.W. Grainger, Inc. (Grainger or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its request, the Applicant asserts that it will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if it is required to comply with the Lighting

378

Estimate of federal relighting potential and demand for efficient lighting products  

SciTech Connect

The increasing level of electric utility rebates for energy-efficient lighting retrofits has recently prompted concern over the adequacy of the market supply of energy-efficient lighting products (Energy User News 1991). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Federal Energy Management Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has developed an estimate of the total potential for energy-efficient lighting retrofits in federally owned buildings. This estimate can be used to address the issue of the impact of federal relighting projects on the supply of energy-efficient lighting products. The estimate was developed in 1992, using 1991 data. Any investments in energy-efficient lighting products that occurred in 1992 will reduce the potential estimated here. This analysis proceeds by estimating the existing stock of lighting fixtures in federally owned buildings. The lighting technology screening matrix is then used to determine the minimum life-cycle cost retrofit for each type of existing lighting fixture. Estimates of the existing stock are developed for (1) four types of fluorescent lighting fixtures (2-, 3-, and 4-lamp, F40 4-foot fixtures, and 2-lamp, F96 8-foot fixtures, all with standard magnetic ballasts); (2) one type of incandescent fixture (a 75-watt single bulb fixture); and (3) one type of exit sign (containing two 20-watt incandescent bulbs). Estimates of the existing stock of lighting fixtures in federally owned buildings, estimates of the total potential demand for energy-efficient lighting products if all cost-effective retrofits were undertaken immediately, and total potential annual energy savings (in MWh and dollars), the total investment required to obtain the energy savings and the present value of the efficiency investment, are presented.

Shankle, S.A.; Dirks, J.A.; Elliott, D.B.; Richman, E.E.; Grover, S.E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Clock bulkpropsslurryabv1 BulkProperties RHO Bulk Density2 RHO Bulk Density1 RHO Bulk Density K Borazine Conc1 K Borazine Conc E Ballast2 E Ballast1 E Ballast...

380

Compare Activities by Energy Conservation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Conservation Energy Conservation Compare Activities by ... Energy Conservation Inpatient health care buildings had the highest incidence of conservation features among all building types. For almost all building types, at least half of the buildings reported having a regularly scheduled maintenance program for the heating and/or cooling equipment. Reference: Definitions of Conservation Features Number of Buildings With Conservation Features by Building Type Number of Buildings (thousand) All Buildings Variable Air-Volume System Economizer Cycle HVAC Maintenance Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) Specular Reflector Electronic Ballasts All Buildings 4,657 550 567 2,786 460 843 2,167 Principal Building Activity Education 327 53 76 262 112 75 208 Food Sales 174

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

High-Frequency Radars: Beamforming Calibrations Using Ships as Reflectors* X. FLORES-VIDAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rimouski, Universite du Quebec a Rimouski, Rimouski, Quebec, Canada K.-W. GURGEL Institut fur Meereskunde

382

Comparative study of Non -Tracking and Low Concentrating Photovoltaic systems Using Low -Cost Reflectors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The traditional high concentrating photovoltaic systems have proved to be expensive as they use high grade silicon solar cells, highly specular reflecting materials and require (more)

Hatwaambo, Sylvester

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Optical losses in amorphous silicon solar cells due to back reflectors  

SciTech Connect

The authors have used a new numerical model and here present initial results on how texturing and backreflectors affect the maximum achievable short-circuit current densities in amorphous silicon solar cells.

Sopori, B.L.; Madjdpour, J.; Von Roedern, B.; Chen, W.; Hegedus, S.S.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Electron-reflector strategy for CdTe thin-film solar cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The CdTe thin-film solar cell has a large absorption coefficient and high theoretical efficiency. Moreover, large-area photovoltaic panels can be economically fabricated. These features potentially (more)

Hsiao, Kuo-Jui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Ytterbium-doped fibre laser with a Bragg grating reflector written in a multimode fibre  

SciTech Connect

An efficient cladding-pumped Yb-doped fibre laser with a Bragg grating written in a multimode graded-index fibre is fabricated for the first time. The laser emits one transverse mode with a slope efficiency of 60%. The resonator design proposed in the paper can be used for the development of high-power fibre lasers with an increased fibre core diameter. (lasers)

Kurkov, Andrei S; Grukh, Dmitrii A; Medvedkov, O I; Paramonov, Vladimir M; Dianov, Evgenii M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

386

Wide bandwidth, large, and tunable polarization mode dispersions in multilayered omnidirectional reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-speed fiber links in general.1­6 Cabled fibers show time-varying PMD due to manufacturing imperfec- tions. B. Miller and Shanhui Fana) Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford

Miller, David A. B.

387

WhiteOptics' Low-Cost Reflector Composite Boosts LED Fixture Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

With the help of DOE funding, WhiteOptics has developed a composite coating that can be used to improve efficiency in backlit, indirect, and cavity-mixing LED luminaire designs by maximizing light reflection and output. The highly diffuse coating, which is based on a novel high-reflectance particle technology, allows for uniform distribution of light without exaggerating the point-source nature of the LEDs, and is intended to offer an overall system cost-improving solution for LED optics.

388

Project Profile: Predictive Physico-Chemical Modeling of Intrinsic Degradation Mechanisms for Advanced Reflector Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

NREL, under the Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar (PREDICTS) Program will be developing a physics-based computational degradation model to assess the kinetic oxidation rates; realistic model light attenuation and transport; and multi-layer treatment with variable properties Simulation based experimental design.

389

Project Profile: Low-Cost Self-Cleaning Reflector Coatings for CSP Collectors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), under the National Laboratory R&D competitive funding opportunity, is developing self-cleaning, optically transparent coatings that can be applied to the surfaces of heliostats and collector mirrors in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems. The coatings can help to achieve the SunShot Initiative cost goals by reducing the time and costs associated with cleaning collector and heliostat mirror surfaces and increasing the reliability and efficiency of CSP systems.

390

Low-Cost Self-Cleaning Reflector Coatings for CSP Collectors- FY13 Q2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document summarizes the progress of this ORNL project, funded by SunShot, for the second quarter of fiscal year 2013.

391

Accelerated aging of thick glass second surface silvered reflectors under sandstorm conditions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Concentrated solar power systems are expected to be sited in desert locations where the direct normal irradiation is above 1800 kWh/m2.year. These systems include (more)

Caron, Simon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Project Profile: Low-Cost Self-Cleaning Reflector Coatings for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Innovation This project derives innovative new coatings by modifying high surface-area nano-structured silica particles with self-assembled low surface energy monolayers. The...

393

A biological sub-micron thickness optical broadband reflector characterized using both light and microwaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...had been patterned with a reference two-dimensional micro-grid using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (FEI Nova...coater (208 HR). Using substrates with the reference micro-grid described in 2.2, SEM images were taken of the same...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit Second Live Test Demonstration (LTD)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes and summarizes the Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit Live Test demonstration (LTD) performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Room 5E-080 of the DOE Forrestal Building in Washington, D.C. The purpose of the LTD was to evaluate proposed lighting retrofits for compliance with the requirements laid out in the request for proposal (RFP) for the Shared Energy Savings (SES) Lighting Retrofit Project for the Forrestal Building, Washington, D.C. Testing was conducted from March 9 through March 18, 1992, and again on August 3 through August 6, 1992. Four contractors were initially tested in March. Then, two contractors were retested in August due to changes in the rebate schedule for electronic ballasts being offered by the Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO), the utility servicing the Forrestal Building. The two contractors tested in March were retested with different ballasts, tubes, and reflectors. The results from these new tests are reported here and compared with those from the earlier tests.

Halverson, M.A.; Schmelzer, J.R.; Parker, G.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Retail Lamps Study 3.1: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED A Lamps.  

SciTech Connect

To date, all three reports in the retail lamps series have focused on basic performance parameters, such as lumen output, efficacy, and color quality. This report goes a step further, examining the photoelectric characteristics (i.e., dimming and flicker) of a subset of lamps from CALiPER Retails Lamps Study 3. Specifically, this report focuses on the dimming, power quality, and flicker characteristics of 14 LED A lamps, as controlled by four different retail-available dimmers. The results demonstrate notable variation across the various lamps, but little variation between the four dimmers. Overall, the LED lamps: ~tended to have higher relative light output compared to the incandescent and halogen benchmark at the same dimmer output signal (RMS voltage). The lamps dimming curves (i.e., the relationship between control signal and relative light output) ranged from linear to very similar to the square-law curve typical of an incandescent lamp. ~generally exhibited symmetrical behaviorthe same dimming curvewhen measured proceeding from maximum to minimum or minimum to maximum control signal. ~mostly dimmed below 10% of full light output, with some exceptions for specific lamp and dimmer combinations ~exhibited a range of flicker characteristics, with many comparing favorably to the level typical of a magnetically-ballasted fluorescent lamp through at least a majority of the dimming range. ~ always exceeded the relative (normalized) efficacy over the dimming range of the benchmark lamps, which rapidly decline in efficacy when they are dimmed. This report generally does not attempt to rank the performance of one product compared to another, but instead focuses on the collective performance of the group versus conventional incandescent or halogen lamps, the performance of which is likely to be the baseline for a majority of consumers. Undoubtedly, some LED lamps perform betteror more similar to conventional lampsthan others. Some perform desirably for one characteristic, but not others. Consumers (and specifiers) may have a hard time distinguishing better-performing lamps from one another; at this time, physical experimentation is likely the best evaluation tool.

Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Brown, Charles C.

2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

396

Sleep, mood, and circadian responses to bright green light during sleep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white light from fluorescent bulbs, as point sources mightthan incandescent bulbs. Also, fluorescent light is easier

Grandner, Michael Andrew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electrical and Optical Enhancement in Internally Nanopatterned Organic Light-Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent bulbs and fluorescent bulbs). Solid-stateindex (CRI) than fluorescent bulbs. Common examples where

Fina, Michael Dane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Recessed Lighting in the Limelight  

SciTech Connect

Recessed downlights are among the most popular installed lighting fixtures for new and remodeled homes. DOE estimates there are at least 350 million currently installed in US homes, and around 20 million are sold each year. A recent California study showed only 0.4 percent of recessed cans used compact fluorescent lamps. Annual reported sales of fluorescent residential recessed downlights nationwide make up no more than three percent of total residential recessed downlight sales. Standard recessed downlights waste energy by leaking conditioned air to unconditioned attic space, and using less efficient, high-heat incandescent bulbs. 33 states have adopted building codes that require recessed cans installed in the building shell to be airtight. To encourage lighting fixture manufacturers to bring to market high-efficiency air-tight recessed cans, DOE is sponsoring the recessed downlights project. PNNL solicited bids for energy efficient recessed downlights meeting the following specifications: They must use pin-based CFLs, have an airtight housing, be IC-rated, use electronic ballasts, and have a light output minimum of 900 initial lumens. PNNL did short- and long-term testing of the submitted lamps and negotiated lower prices for consumer purchase of qualifying models.

Gordon, Kelly L.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 2010 Lamp Wattage, Number of Lamps, and Hours of Usage Lamp Wattage (Watts per lamp) Number of Lamps per Building Hours of Usage per Day Res Com Ind Other (1) Res Com Ind Res Com Ind Other Incandescent 56 53 46 68 32 14 1 2 10 13 9 General (A-type, Decorative) (2) 58 58 46 N/A 27 8 1 2 10 13 N/A Reflector 69 79 65 N/A 4 4 0 (3) 2 10 12 N/A Miscellaneous 45 7 0 68 1 3 N/A 2 11 0 9 Halogen 65 68 68 149 2 9 0 2 12 12 11 General 50 46 36 N/A 0 0 0 2 12 12 N/A Reflector 68 78 64 N/A 1 4 0 2 12 12 N/A Low Voltage Display 44 60 0 N/A 0 5 N/A 2 13 0 N/A Miscellaneous 82 99 145 149 0 0 0 2 10 12 11 Compact Fluorescent 16 19 31 22 12 39 1 2 10 13 9 General (Screw, Pin) 17 19 36 N/A 10 32 1 2 10 13 N/A Reflector 17 20 16 N/A 1 7 0 2 10 13 N/A Miscellaneous 18 0 0 22 1 N/A N/A 2 0 0 9 Linear Fluorescent 24 37 39 63 5 301 283 2 11 13 14 T5 19 36 58 N/A 0 20 20 2 12 13 N/A T8 26 31 32 N/A 1 181 182 2 11 13 N/A T12 28 50 53 N/A 3 98 79 2 11 12 N/A Miscellaneous 16 31 42 63 1 2 1

400

EA-1881: Final Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Status of China's Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and International Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

irons Automatic rice cookers Televisions Radio receivers andlamp ballasts Automatic rice cookers Hot water bottle Small

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Evaluation of Ships' Ballast Water as a Vector for Transfer of Pathogenic Bacteria to Marine Protected Areas in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, BES Islands, Nicaragua, Panam?, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Maarten, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Anguilla, British Virgin Island, Cayman Islands, Montserrat, Turks... and Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria Thailand Macedonia Timor...

Morris, Theresa L

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

403

CFLs in Recessed Downlights: Technical Challenges  

SciTech Connect

Recessed downlights are the most popular residential lighting fixture in the United States representing about 12 percent of installed residential lighting fixtures and 15 percent of total lighting energy use nationwide. We estimate 400 million recessed downlights are currently installed in American homes, almost all using incandescent light sources. In the year 2000, only 0.44 percent of recessed cans sold were hard-wired for using pin-based CFLs. Recessed downlights consume energy in three ways. First, their incandescent light sources use energy directly, drawing 65 to 150 watts. Second, they consume energy indirectly by adding heat from their light sources to air-conditioning loads. Third, since most are not airtight, they also consume energy indirectly by allowing conditioned air to escape into unconditioned areas above the downlights, such as attics. PNNL calculated potential energy savings and found that if a 65W incandescent non-airtight downlight is replaced with a 26W CFL ICAT downlight operated at 3 hrs per day savings will be 126 kWh/yr. Early reflector CFLs have had high return rates primarily because of failure due to thermal related stress. A PNNL laboratory test of ten commercially available R-CFLs selected from retail store shelves showed almost all operated above their manufacturer rated maximum operating temperatures when they were installed and tested in ICAT downlights in a simulated insulated ceiling apparatus. DOE asked PNNL to investigate the development and introduction of both pin-based and screw-based CFLs for use in ICAT fixtures. PNNL invited manufacturers to submit lamps to a procurement program. PNNL conducted short- and long-term thermal testing of the lamps to measure performance parameters affected by elevated temperatures. 8 out of 10 R-CFLs (secrew-based lamps) failed the long-tem testing. Five out of nine CFL-ICAT (pin-based CFL) fixtures passed the long-term test, surviving a full year of operation in a simulated insulated ceiling apparatus, while maintaining at least 80% of initial lumens at 40% of rated life. Of those five products, two were withdrawn from the market due to poor sales, probably because of the high prices on the products. Three remain on the market. PNNL plans to initiate another R-CFL technology procurement in the winter of 2004/2005 to bring more high-quality R-CFL models to market. PNNL developed a number of design ideas for improving the thermal performance of pin-based CFL ICAT downlights for use in future activities.

Ledbetter, Marc R.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.; Dillon, Heather E.; Sandahl, Linda J.; Gordon, Kelly L.

2005-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

404

Full-color transflective cholesteric LCD with image-enhanced reflector Yi-Pai Huang, Xinyu Zhu,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optronics Corp., Hsinchu, Taiwan, 300, R.O.C. M-X. Chan, S-H. Lin, and H-P. D. Shieh are with the Institute

Wu, Shin-Tson

405

Perfect light trapping in nanoscale thickness semiconductor films with resonant back reflector and spectrum-splitting structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optical absorption of nanoscale thickness semiconductor films on top of light-trapping structures based on optical interference effects combined with spectrum-splitting structures is theoretically investigated. Nearly perfect absorption over a broad spectrum range can be achieved in $solar absorption and low carrier thermalization loss can be achieved when the light-trapping structures with wedge-shaped spacer layer or semiconductor films are combined with spectrum-splitting structures.

Liu, Jiang-Tao; Yang, Wen; Li, Jun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Improved red-response in thin film a-Si:H solar cells with soft-imprinted plasmonic back reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Albert Polman4 1 Thomas J. Watson Laboratories of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology, The Netherlands 3 Utrecht University, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Section Nanophotonics, P.O. Box 80,000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands 4 Center for Nanophotonics, FOM--Institute AMOLF, Science

Polman, Albert

407

Daylighting Application and Effectiveness in Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before the advent of practical mercury vapor and fluorescent lighting, the only available artificial lighting for industrial buildings was incandescent. The illumination of active industrial workspaces with incandescent lighting is difficult, so...

McCowan, B.; Birleanu, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

th Plan estimated that the conversion of standard incandescent bulbs used in the residential sector standard does not cover all incandescent lamps (e.g., lamps over 100 watts, 3- way lamps are exempt

409

Lesson Summary In this lesson, students will build an open spectrograph to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lines/mm or 25,400 groves/in) · Incandescent flashlight with focusing beam · Ruler · Meter stick · Exact students look through a diffraction grating toward an incandescent light bu

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

410

502 SHORT COMMUNICATIONS (Speotyto cuniculuria) to a moving object when the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the window. A red, 7-watt incandescent bulb inside the box provided illumina- tion for viewing the owl conditions were provided by one and four `I-watt incandescent bulbs, respectively. The single bulb

Minnesota, University of

411

Slutrapport for PSO 337-068 Udvikling af LED lyskilder og lamper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and RGB Lamps. The objective of this project was to pave the way for replacement of incandescent LED light source with an efficacy of 51 lm/W and a CRI index of 92 that can replace an incandescent

412

March 10, 2011 Let There Be More Efficient Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards for light bulbs, which include a phasing out of incandescent bulbs in favor of more energy lyrically with two colleagues about "the incandescent bulb that has been turning back the night ever since

Colorado at Boulder, University of

413

The Problem Conventional office lighting typically consists of bright fluo-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and undercabinet lights combined with incandescent or fluorescent task lights. This approach is not very energy ) of space; traditional system with incandescent task lamp. Table 1: Traditional versus integrated office

414

Self-metallization of photocatalytic porphyrin nanotubes Zhongchun Wang,,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, placed in a glass water bath to control the temperature, and then irradiated with incandescent light (800 bath to control the temperature, and then irradiated with incandescent light (800 nmol cm-2 s-1 ). When

Shelnutt, John A.

415

Development of an Open-Source Smart Energy House for K-12 Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

around the world, incandescent lighting are becoming banned, because of the low efficiency. For example, through European commission regulation 244/2009 [4], re- cently all sales of incandescent light became

416

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plan estimated that the conversion of standard incandescent bulbs used in the residential sector not cover all incandescent lamps (e.g., lamps over 100 watts, 3-way lamps are exempt), it does cover 70

417

ELIZABETH H. AMARAL and H. ARNOLD CARR Experimental Fishing for Squid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

south- ern California became dependent upon lamps, principally the incandescent type, combined under I,OOO-watt incandescent lights!. However, the squid never Introduction July-A ugusl 1980 51 #12

418

Imaging Overview For understanding work in computational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

absorbs some light 5 #12;6 #12;Other typical light sources · Incandescent light source ­ Produced absorb UV light and produce visible light. 7 #12;Incandescent sources Power spectrum of common light

California at Santa Barbara, University of

419

Fermilab | Science | Inquiring Minds | Questions About Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

high temperature, so high that the material will emit light, that is, glow like an incandescent light bulb. That is exactly what an incandescent bulb is: current passing through a...

420

Funding Sustainable Initiatives: Should Williams Implement a Revolving Loan Fund?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to replace its incandescent light bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent (CFL) light bulbs. These light bulbs use 2/3 less energy than #12;Terra 4 standard incandescent bulbs, but they are more

Aalberts, Daniel P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

D E V E L O P I N G E N E R G Y E F F I C I E N T R E S I D E N T I A L L I G H T F I X T U R E S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table Lamp by Fire & Water Lighting For a typical high use fixture, replacing a 120-watt incandescent/managers in the target markets. · Find buildings with high quantities of portable incandescent fixtures that would

422

Table Set-up with Materials near Lamp Stand (below) Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6) and Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent. 5. Discuss light bulb. Observe difference of color spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent type of bulb at different horizontal level. Electromagnetic Spectrum handouts that includes spectrum

Linhardt, Robert J.

423

4024 Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26, 4024-4029 Contribution from the Departments of Chemistry, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York 13346,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and laboratory fluorescent light and during nights to light from a 150-W incandescent bulb 20 cm from the pair

Herbert, Bruce

424

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a washroom with bulb-type fluorescent lamps, (5) closingusing incandescent bulbs to fluorescent lamps. This switch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

55Measuring Star Temperatures The lower plot shows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, incandescent bodies that have a red glow are 'cool' while bodies with a yellow or blue color are 'hot

426

HiRho CCD INTERNAL NOTE 31 October 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by incandescent light) exposure with the Keck low­resolution spectrograph, divided by the same frame averaged over

427

Power Factor Reactive Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power: 130 watts Induction motor PSERC Incandescent lights 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0 power: 150 watts #12;Page 4 PSERC Incandescent Lights PSERC Induction motor with no load #12;Page 5 Incandescent Lights #12;Page 7 PSERC Incandescent lights power: Power = 118 V x 1.3 A = 153 W = 0.15 kW = power

428

b39.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings All Lit Buildings Energy Information Administration 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables 121 Incandescent Standard...

429

Presented at the 1998 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 23-28, 1998, Pacific Grove, CA, and published in the Proceedings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incandescent Lamps: The International Experience Francis Rubinstein Building Technologies Department 22311-1772 March 1998 #12;1 Creating Markets For New Products To Replace Incandescent Lamps-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international

430

Supplementary Material for: Application of Synchrotron Radiation for Measurement of Iron Red-ox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@engr.wisc.edu #12;Incandescent Light Bulb Spectrum Figure 1 Visible Light Fluorescent Light Bulb Spectrum #12;Figure 2 Visible Light Incandescent Light Bulb Spectrum #12;Figure 3 Unmodified XANES Spectrum February 14 of the incandescent lights used for aging the atmospheric aerosols. The units are in m / S / m2 / nm. Figure 3

Meskhidze, Nicholas

431

Author's personal copy Radiative heat transfer in enhanced hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tube and heated in a furnace or by an incandescent lamp. It was observed that hydrogen release from the glass sample was faster and stronger when heated by an incandescent lamp than within a furnace. Here and the glass samples. In brief, the radiation emitted by the incandescent lamp is concentrated between 0

Pilon, Laurent

432

Energy Conversion: Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and global climate change. Historically, electric light bulbs have been of the incandescent type. Although this technology was developed more than 100 years ago, it is still in use today. Incandescent light bulbs operate, which allows the bulb to operate at a higher temperature. However, the efficiency of incandescent light

433

How Many CASTLE Bulbs Would You Need To Match the Brightness of the Sun?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Suppose that you have two household incandescent bulbs: one is labeled "60W," the other "100W." If you try incandescent bulb and a 9W fluorescent bulb. Which one makes your room brighter? It's not what you might expect... in fact, they look about the same! The incandescent bulb emits a broad spectrum of visible and infrared

Collar, Juan I.

434

Issues, Models and Solutions for Triac Modulated Phase Dimming of LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

greater than incandescent lamps [1,2]. In fact, recent technological breakthroughs [3-7] in the high of LED lighting: An incandescent source produces 10 ­ 20 lumens/watt, while several manufacturers have? Incandescent bulbs primarily utilize phase modulating dimming through triac switches to control the power sent

Lehman, Brad

435

PipelineJuly 2012 Volume 4, Issue 4 (From President Kaler's June 14 e-mail)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the LightEnergy Management seeks incandescent and T12 lamps Energy Management Senior Engineer Alicia inefficient light sources. Although the vast majority of the campus's number one offenders -- incandescent fluorescent lamps and classic incandescent A-lamps. T12's can be identified by their "fat" appearance (1

Webb, Peter

436

EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for residential lighting (LED, Compact Fluorescent, Incandescent). Develop a plan of experiments to be conducted, CF, and Incandescent bulbs for the past ten years. (try the wayback time machine if other sources fail). Discuss the key challenges associated with a transition from incandescent lighting

Bifano, Thomas

437

The light-emitting diode (LED) is an fairly new kind of light source found currently in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this technology an ideal replacement for less efficient incandescent light sources, particularly in applications elevator lighting has the potential to achieve 25 percent greater efficiency than current incandescent ILLUMINATION LEVELS SIMILAR TO THOSE OF INCANDESCENT FIXTURES WHILE CUTTING ENERGY USE 45 PERCENT. ELEVATOR

438

geoffrey iwata phy h190phy h190  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through 2014 Effectively bans the manufacturing and importing of most current incandescent light bulbsmost current incandescent light bulbs Rationale: 22% of US electricity consumption due to lighting Wikipedia.org #12;What are the Light Bulb Wars Should incandescent bulbs be banned from production? ? #12

Budker, Dmitry

439

JY Tsao Evolution of Solid-State Lighting: Market Pull and Technology Push Xiamen 2005 Apr 13 Evolution of Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Technology Push · Xiamen · 2005 Apr 13 0 20 40 60 80 100 0.1 1.0 10.0 100.0 Incandescent (12%) Fluorescent Fluorescent Standard Incandescent · So let's start with traditional lighting. · Here, I've plotted the 26 and Eugene Hong of Navigant Consulting. The lamps fall into three overall families: incandescent, in green

440

Article #11, May 23, 2006 AJ's Technical Tips: Technologies for Lighting in Rural Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/a 30 lumens 0.1 Incandescent Bulb 15 W 225 lumens 15 Fluorescent Tube Lamp 10 W 500 lumens 50 White LED Lamp 1 W 30 lumens 30 The data in Table 1 show that incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes generate incandescent bulbs are about 150 times more efficient. In other words, electric lights are not only brighter

Jacobson, Arne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Colin Fink was a pioneer in electrochemical processing of materials. Fink is best known for his ground-breaking developments in the electro-deposi:on of metals, and par:cularly for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:le tungsten for incandescent lamp filaments, an insoluble anode used in the copper! ! Invented process to produce ductile tungsten for incandescent lamp filaments! ! Taught S. Ruben, who for incandescent lamp filaments! ! Taught S. Ruben, who invented alkaline baJery (Duracell Company

Columbia University

442

THE HISTORY AND TECHNICAL EVOLUTION OF HIGH FREQUENCY FLUORESCENT LIGHTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B L U E , G R E E N , INCANDESCENT FORM OF LAMPS OF VARIOUSTHE E F F I C I E N C Y INCANDESCENT A P P L I C A T I O N SI M E S , DEPENDING THE THE INCANDESCENT GENERAL LAMPS. THE

Campbell, John H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The answer to this question may be found in the following Confucian proverb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

principle: when you get something hot, it glows. The hot wire filament inside an incandescent light bulb clear incandescent Christmas tree lights · Infrared goggles (optional) Please don't use this activity with incandescent bulbs takes much more power input, and so they'll need to work quite a bit harder. Doing

Hardy, Darel

444

DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high shown that the high brightness LEDs are significantly brighter than the incandescent lights lights with LEDs is a reduction in power consumption [7]. In addition, incandescent traffic signals burn

Pang, Grantham

445

Sponsored by The Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent bulbs 5. Photocell Output vs. Lamp Distance To investigate the photovoltaic (PV) cell output power dependence on the distance between the PV cell and an incandescent lamp. 6. Output Current between the PV cell and an incandescent lamp. Appendix C: Vocabulary Brief explanation of terminology

Oregon, University of

446

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUEIV Colloque C4,supplkmentau Journal de Physique 111,Volume4, avril1994  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from an incandescent lamp and a Article published online by EDP Sciences and available at http imperfections in the device : the heat produced by the incandescent lamp may affect the tissue sample and may and log P) and the penetration depth (lines). #12;C4-256 JOURNALDE PHYSIQUEIV in place of the incandescent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History and Impacts History and Impacts Appliance and equipment efficiency standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for improving energy efficiency. The first standards were enacted at the state level in California in 1974. At the national level, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) was enacted in 1975, and established a federal program consisting of test procedures, labeling, and energy targets for consumer products. EPCA was amended in 1979 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish energy conservation standards for consumer products. The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 established minimum efficiency standards for many common household appliances. Congress set initial federal energy efficiency standards and established schedules for DOE to review and update these standards. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) added standards for some fluorescent and incandescent reflector lamps, plumbing products, electric motors, commercial water heaters, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. EPAct also allowed for the future development of standards for many other products.

448

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Efficiency Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps (1) Effective for lamps manufactured after November 1, 1995 and before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Efficacy (lm/W) 40-50 10.5 51-66 11.0 67-85 12.5 86-115 14.0 116-155 14.5 156-205 15.0 Effective for lamps manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Rated Lamp Rated Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Lamp Spectrum Diameter (in) Voltage (V) Efficacy (lm/W) (2) 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 6.8*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.9*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 5.7*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 5.8*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 4.9*P^0.27

449

E-Print Network 3.0 - active disassembly balance Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disassembly - Recycling without Disassembly - Disposal Design Strategies... housing paint - The silicon steel and copper in the ballast transformer and inductor...

450

Medium Base Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Templates for Reporting Test Results mediumbasecfltestreporttemplatev1.1.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Showerheads Beverage Vending Machines...

451

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bulb or tube, a compact fluorescent lamp typically includes an integral ballast, as do HID lamps, and an LED

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a versatile and cost-effective way of controlling the unsaturated loss, modulation depth and saturation fluence of graphene-based saturable absorbers (GSAs), by changing the thickness of a spacer between SLG and a high-reflection mirror. This allows us to modulate the electric field intensity enhancement at the GSA from 0 up to 400%, due to the interference of incident and reflected light at the mirror. The unsaturated loss of the SLG-mirror-assembly can be reduced to$\\sim$0. We use this to mode-lock a VECSEL from 935 to 981nm. This approach can be applied to integrate SLG into various optical components, such as output coupler mirrors, dispersive mirrors, dielectric coatings on gain materials. Conversely, it can also be used to increase absorption (up to 10%) in various graphene based photonics and optoelectronics devices, such as photodetectors.

Zaugg, C A; Wittwer, V J; Popa, D; Milana, S; Kulmala, T; Sundaram, R S; Mangold, M; Sieber, O D; Golling, M; Lee, Y; Ahn, J H; Ferrari, A C; Keller, U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Design and Predictive Control of a Net Zero Energy Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the same amount of light as traditional incandescent bulbs with less energy. Incandescent bulbs are inherently inefficient as most of the energy they consume goes towards heat generation. Compact fluorescent (CFL) and light emitting diode (LED) bulbs... as heat [1]. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) were analyzed in comparison with incandescent lamps. To determine the most energy efficient bulb, energy consumption for each type of bulb is needed. To do this, the amount...

Morelli, F.; Abbarno, N.; Boese, E.; Bullock, J.; Carter, B.; Edwards, R.; Lapite, O.; Mann, D.; Mulvihill, C.; Purcell, E.; Stein, M. IV; Rasmussen, B. P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

LED ProspectsLED Prospects photometric units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/5/8 #12;16 Light bulb comparisonLight bulb comparison W lumens khours CRI $US Incandescent (long life) 75-life incandescent with LED. · 10 light fixtures/home, lights on for 6h/day, 333 days/yr. · Electricity 0.12 $/kWh. W khours $US Incandescent (long life) 100 10 2 LED (PAR38, warm, dimmable) 11 40 90 · What is the lifetime

Pulfrey, David L.

455

(1) Telegraphy (2) Continuous and Alternating Current Machinery An Elementary Textbook for use in Technical Schools (3) Laboratory Manual, Direct and Alternating Current (4) Transmission Line Formulas for Electrical Engineers and Engineering Students (5) Wireless Telegraphy (6) Incandescent Electric Lamps and Their Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the various kinds of electrical machinery now in use. Although the treatment is of an elementary kind and includes very few formulas, it is very thorough. It discusses all the ... special circumstances we should never think of using i iovolt mains for measuring the resistance of a yard or two of wire or of the armature of a dynamo, ...

DAVID ROBERTSON

1914-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

456

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... concrete, 37; phonograph, 37; incandescent electric lamp, 35; steam turbine, 34; electric car, 34; calculating machine, 33; internal-combustion engine, 33.

1913-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

457

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

served as the catalyst for cost-competitive incandescent lighting. 4. Back when the automobile was first introduced, electric cars outsold their internal combustion counterparts....

458

Sandia National Laboratories: Brief History of Artificial Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lifetime; as demonstrated by the evolution from lamps that utilize the electric arc then to carbon-filament and finally to metal-filament lamps. Incandescence culmination...

459

CFL Lightbulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

cflhiresweb.eps Description CFL lightbulbs - high-resolution EPS More Documents & Publications CFL Lightbulbs Energy-Saving Incandescents LED Lightbulbs...

460

Edison vs. Tesla: Toasting a Rivalry That Drove Innovation |...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

inventions -- the incandescent light bulb -- in our new interactive timeline. And test your knowledge of these two important energy inventors with our gallery of "Who Said...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

LED Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Basics LED Basics Unlike incandescent and fluorescent lamps, LEDs are not inherently white light sources. Instead, LEDs emit nearly monochromatic light, making them highly...

462

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Museum of Electricity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and businesses as an energy-saving alternative to incandescent. Related Electricity & Magnetism Pages Interactive Java Tutorials: Arc Lamp Museum: Arc Lamp Pioneers: Nikola Tesla...

463

Energy Department Provides $7 Million for Solid-State Lighting...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

incandescent and fluorescent lamps, solid-state lighting creates light without producing heat. A semi-conducting material converts electricity directly into light, which maximizes...

464

U. S. Department of Energy to Invest up to $20.6 Million for...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

million. SSL lighting is an advanced technology that creates light with considerably less heat than incandescent and fluorescent lamps, allowing for increased energy efficiency....

465

Data:9896ce95-eb09-4363-b003-2286bc397634 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Street Light: 670 Watt Incandescent (Type 0600) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Document Source...

466

Tesla vs. Edison | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Edison was an American inventor who developed the first commercially practical incandescent light bulb. Learn More Nikola Tesla Inventor 435 likes Nikola Tesla was born in the...

467

Semiconductor Science and Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

controlled illumination via interface with microelectronics. MASSIVE ENERGY SAVINGS Incandescent and fluorescent lamps convert less than 20% of electrical energy into visible...

468

Educators: Are You Ready to Teach Energy Literacy? Join our August...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

pedal for power and experience the difference in physical effort necessary to power incandescent, compact fluorescent, and LED lighting. This lesson highlighted Energy Principle 4,...

469

Type of Space Bulb Type #/House Fixture Style Greenhouse #  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

841 360 8 F 32 T8/TL 841 360 9 F 32 T8/TL 841 360 MTPS 216 Ch. 1 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 1 Incandescent 60w 72 2 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 2 Incandescent 60w 72 5 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 5 Incandescent 60w 72 10 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 10 Incandescent 60w 72 #12;DR 1009 Ch. 27 F 032/431 4 Seed Chamber Ch. 28 F40T12/ADV 41 6

Pawlowski, Wojtek

470

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alike can also reduce power demand, and thus carbon emissions, by replacing the incandescent bulbs in their homes with energy-saving compact fluorescent bulbs. That's a handy...

471

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

light bulbs, which use 75 percent less energy and last ten times longer than incandescent bulbs, (2) window installation kits, which would improve heat instillation in the...

472

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Native Village of Stevens...

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidentelle aux iodes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE. Summary: 'mission ngative du tungstne; l'influence...

474

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

potentially provide many advantages over standard lighting technologies, such as incandescent bulbs, especially in the areas of efficiency, - 2 - operating lifetime and the...

475

DOE Publishes New Report on Dimming LEDs with Phase-Cut Dimmers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The new report reviews how phase-cut dimmers work, how LEDs differ from the incandescent lamps these dimmers were originally designed to control, and how those differences...

476

CX-000139: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

until funds are expended. Retrofits will consist of changing fixtures from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. Recent experience with lighting retrofits in the region...

477

Data:31d94db3-6c2b-472f-990d-9ee9a8ffef87 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

purposes or high mounting ornamental pole installed initially to support an incandescent luminaire 3.52 b) Low mounting ornamental pole or distribution pole preserved...

478

ARM - Field Campaign - ASRC RSS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

were cosine response corrected, and their radiometric calibration were based on incandescent lamp calibrators that are traceable to the NIST irradiance scale. Campaign Data...

479

Data:950167f8-54e9-4cb6-abd7-5c9ac4078c09 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Street Light: 295 Watt Incandescent (Type 0500) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Document Source...

480

CX-000136: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

retrofits for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ballasts incandescent reflector" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

retrofits for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is...

482

General Service LED Lamps | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

DOE SSL technology fact sheet that compares general service LED light bulbs with incandescent and CFL bulbs. ledgeneral-service-lamps.pdf More Documents & Publications LED...

483

ARM - PI Product - ASRC RSS Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are cosine response corrected. And their radiometric calibration is based on incandescent lamp calibrators that can be traced to the NIST irradiance scale. The units are W...

484

CX-000137: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000137.pdf More Documents &...

485

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs would be replaced with compact fluorescent bulbs. Power consumption would be...

486

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and engineers -- pioneered improvements to a variety of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb. 6. Edison left a profound impact on the nation's energy sector. Beyond...

487

Fabrication of Emissible Metallic Layer-by-Layer Photonic Crystals...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

crystals that can be used as highly efficient light sources.DescriptionOrdinary incandescent lamps waste most of the supplied electric power to emit invisible light such as...

488

Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per watt performance. Buyer Tips CFLs installed in enclosed fixtures designed for incandescent bulbs may overheat. This can significantly reduce both light output and lifetime....

489

Energy Implications of Solid-State Lighting Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficient yet highly controllable generation of light can be accomplished by light-emitting diodes that can have a 20 times greater efficiency than incandescent light sources....

Schubert, E Fred; Kim, Jong Kyu

490

Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Impact Understanding "droop" may result in cheaper, more efficient LEDs; LEDs are more energy efficient, smaller, and longer-lived than incandescent lamps or fluorescent...

491

Wavelength-stable rare earth-free green light-emitting diodes for energy efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid state lighting seeks to replace both, incandescent and fluorescent lighting by energy efficient light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Just like compact fluorescent tubes, current white...

Wetzel, Christian; Detchprohm, Theeradetch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

FIND A BIN, IT ALL GOES IN all types of paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

containers · ceramics, mirrors, windows, pyrex · incandescent light bulbs HAZARDOUS WASTE & CONFIDENTIAL: flatten next to containers, or place in marked dumpsters SPECIAL RECYCLING ITEMS: containers located

Thaxton, Christopher S.

493

Thesis.dvi  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Bi Fe AlAlF 3 Target 12 cm 20 cm Reflector Reflector Deuteron beam Lithiated polyethylene shielding Lithiated polyethylene shielding Lithiated polyethylene delimiter...

494

Northeastern Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeastern Rural E M C Northeastern Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Northeastern Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 20603 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 1000W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 100W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 150W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 175W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 200W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 250W Lighting

495

EVOLUTION OF BLACK CARBON MIXING-STATE IN AN URBAN-BIOGENIC ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), the Department of Energy Gulfstream-1 (DOE G-1) and the incandescent signal peak from the BC core (BC; mass equivalent diameter = 60 - 650 nm). For nascent soot that must first "boil" off before the BC core can incandesce. It is this time ­ to vaporize the coating

496

Table Set-up with equipment Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6), Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on significantly different technology (e.g. incandescent, CFL, LED) as an example of information on light bulbs://sites.google.com/a/mobilestudioproject.com/www/ Approx. $150.00 each LED Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (Sylvania) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $22.00 each Compact Fluorescent Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (GE) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $6.50 each Incandescent

Linhardt, Robert J.

497

Power Planning Challenges in a Fast MarketChallenges in a Fast Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incandescent 10 80 Downlight CFL 40 88 But it's not all about efficacy: · Cost · Life O t t 4Foot Linear, nondimmable at bottom, and dimmable at top). , p) A halogen incandescent costs about $2.50/klm today. #12

498

SUR LA LUMIRE POSITIVE ET LE PASSAGE DE L'LECTRICIT DANS LES GAZ ; Par M. P. VILLARD.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on chauffe fortement une région cesse d'être lumineux dans cette région ; un fil incandescent placé dans ce tube crée autour de lui un espace obscur : or on sait qu'un corps incandescent érnet des ions en

Boyer, Edmond

499

3Water on Planetary Surfaces Space is very cold!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent bulb consume if left on for 1 hour? Problem 2: A house consumes about 3,000 kilowatts in one hour, in Joules, does a 100 watt incandescent bulb consume if left on for 1 hour? Answer: 100 watts is the same

500

System Architecture Directions for a Software-Defined Lighting Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrum of an outdoor environment and a typical fluorescent tube-lit office space. Indoor spectrum to incandescent and fluorescent lights. Unfortunately, the remarkable march of semiconductor technology a renaissance. The staple of illumi- nation for one and a half centuries, the incandescent bulb, is being phased

Dutta, Prabal