National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for balancing item total

  1. Balancing Item (Billion Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 05312016 Next Release Date: 06302016 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance

  2. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas

  3. Gathering total items count for pagination | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gathering total items count for pagination Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hi I'm using the following base link plus some restrictions to sector, utility, and locations to poll for...

  4. U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 634,809 -111,218 2000's -240,342 134,346 -13,339 -38,495 356,956 134,293 61,404 -196,323 33,472 -89,392 2010's 124,358 -130,108 -123,053 -15,729 -44,437 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date:

  5. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly.

  6. BALANCE

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carmichael, H.

    1953-01-01

    A torsional-type analytical balance designed to arrive at its equilibrium point more quickly than previous balances is described. In order to prevent external heat sources creating air currents inside the balance casing that would reiard the attainment of equilibrium conditions, a relatively thick casing shaped as an inverted U is placed over the load support arms and the balance beam. This casing is of a metal of good thernnal conductivity characteristics, such as copper or aluminum, in order that heat applied to one portion of the balance is quickly conducted to all other sensitive areas, thus effectively preventing the fornnation of air currents caused by unequal heating of the balance.

  7. Total

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Product: Total Crude Oil Liquefied Petroleum Gases PropanePropylene Normal ButaneButylene Other Liquids Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol MTBE Other Oxygenates Biomass-based Diesel Other ...

  8. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Product: Total Crude Oil Liquefied Petroleum Gases PropanePropylene Normal ButaneButylene Other Liquids Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol MTBE Other Oxygenates Biomass-based Diesel Fuel ...

  9. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.9 Q Q Q Heat Pump......7.7 0.3 Q Q Steam or Hot Water System......Census Division Total West Energy Information Administration ...

  10. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.9 Q Q Q Heat Pump......6.2 3.8 2.4 Steam or Hot Water System......Census Division Total Northeast Energy Information ...

  11. Action Items

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ACTION ITEMS Presentation to the DOE High Level Waste Corporate Board July 29, 2009 Kurt Gerdes Office of Waste Processing DOE-EM Office of Engineering & Technology 2 ACTION ITEMS...

  12. Total..........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . 111.1 20.6 15.1 5.5 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.9 0.5 0.4 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 4.6 3.6 1.1 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 2.8 2.2 0.6 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 1.9 1.4 0.5 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 2.3 1.7 0.5 2,500 to

  13. Total..........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.6 17.7 7.9 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.5 0.3 Q 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 3.9 2.4 1.5 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 4.4 3.2 1.2 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 3.5 2.4 1.1 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 3.2 2.1 1.1 2,500 to

  14. Total..........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.9 0.6 Q Q 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 9.0 4.2 1.5 3.2 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 8.6 4.7 1.5 2.5 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 6.0 2.9 1.2 1.9 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 4.1 2.1 0.7

  15. Total................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    .. 111.1 86.6 2,522 1,970 1,310 1,812 1,475 821 1,055 944 554 Total Floorspace (Square Feet) Fewer than 500............................. 3.2 0.9 261 336 162 Q Q Q 334 260 Q 500 to 999.................................... 23.8 9.4 670 683 320 705 666 274 811 721 363 1,000 to 1,499.............................. 20.8 15.0 1,121 1,083 622 1,129 1,052 535 1,228 1,090 676 1,500 to 1,999.............................. 15.4 14.4 1,574 1,450 945 1,628 1,327 629 1,712 1,489 808 2,000 to

  16. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    .. 111.1 24.5 1,090 902 341 872 780 441 Total Floorspace (Square Feet) Fewer than 500...................................... 3.1 2.3 403 360 165 366 348 93 500 to 999.............................................. 22.2 14.4 763 660 277 730 646 303 1,000 to 1,499........................................ 19.1 5.8 1,223 1,130 496 1,187 1,086 696 1,500 to 1,999........................................ 14.4 1.0 1,700 1,422 412 1,698 1,544 1,348 2,000 to 2,499........................................ 12.7

  17. Total...................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500............................................ 3.2 0.4 Q 0.6 1.7 0.4 500 to 999................................................... 23.8 4.8 1.4 4.2 10.2 3.2 1,000 to 1,499............................................. 20.8 10.6 1.8 1.8 4.0 2.6 1,500 to 1,999............................................. 15.4 12.4 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 2,000 to 2,499............................................. 12.2 10.7 1.0 0.2 Q Q 2,500 to

  18. Total.........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 2 Fewer than 500.................................................. 3.2 Q 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.5 500 to 999.......................................................... 23.8 1.5 5.4 5.5 6.1 5.3 1,000 to 1,499.................................................... 20.8 1.4 4.0 5.2 5.0 5.2 1,500 to 1,999.................................................... 15.4 1.4 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.8 2,000 to 2,499.................................................... 12.2 1.4 3.2 3.0 2.3 2.3

  19. Total..........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    25.6 40.7 24.2 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.9 0.5 0.9 1.0 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 4.6 3.9 9.0 6.3 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 2.8 4.4 8.6 5.0 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 1.9 3.5 6.0 4.0 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 2.3 3.2 4.1

  20. Total..........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500................................................... 3.2 0.4 Q Q 0.5 500 to 999........................................................... 23.8 2.5 1.5 2.1 3.7 1,000 to 1,499..................................................... 20.8 1.1 2.0 1.5 2.5 1,500 to 1,999..................................................... 15.4 0.5 1.2 1.2 1.9 2,000 to 2,499..................................................... 12.2 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.4

  1. Total...........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    14.7 7.4 12.5 12.5 18.9 18.6 17.3 9.2 Floorspace (Square Feet) Total Floorspace 1 Fewer than 500.................................... 3.2 0.7 Q 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 Q 500 to 999........................................... 23.8 2.7 1.4 2.2 2.8 5.5 5.1 3.0 1.1 1,000 to 1,499..................................... 20.8 2.3 1.4 2.4 2.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 1.6 1,500 to 1,999..................................... 15.4 1.8 1.4 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.1 1.2 2,000 to 2,499..................................... 12.2 1.4 0.9

  2. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Two Small Business Users Awarded ARPA-E Funding Part of Cyclotron Road at Berkeley Lab, ... awarded a total of 125 million by DOE's ARPA-E. Spark Thermionics, led by Dan Riley and ...

  3. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Three Foundry Scientists Receive 2015 Lab Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Awards Director Alivisatos has announced the awards for the FY2015 Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program. A total of about $24.9 million was allocated for 82 projects from a field of 169 proposals. Of these, 39 are new and 43 are continuation projects. A significant portion of the projects focus on fundamental science and translational research in energy science and technology applications,

  4. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Delia Milliron, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin Title: The Role of Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanocrystal-Based Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In materials constructed from few-nanometer scale building blocks, a large fraction of the total volume lies within a few atomic layers of a surface or an interface. Within the context of plasmonic metal oxide nanocrystals, I will describe a few examples of how these

  5. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Three Foundry Scientists Receive 2014 Lab Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Awards Director Alivisatos has announced the awards for the FY2014 Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program. A total of about $22.1 million was allocated for 77 projects, which primarily focus on fundamental science and translational research in energy science and technology applications, address the use of large-scale computation and data science, and aid in the development of a biological

  6. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Combinatorial Nanoscience Shines in Pure Colors Green/red purity vs. total intensity, observed in the various lanthanide ion combinations. The Molecular Foundry's Delia Milliron and colleagues have employed a powerful combinatorial approach to synthesize nanocrystals that glow in bright, pure colors when excited with near infrared light. - a process known as upconversion. These nanocrystals may allow for biological imaging with less harmful radiation than current methods, and can be more easily

  7. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Probing carrier dynamics below the surface of solar cells (A) Schematic of the 2P microscope. 2D hyperspectral maps of lifetime were created by moving the laser excitation throughout the sample. (B) Comparison of lifetimes measured with 1P and 2P microscopy. A 10x difference in lifetime is seen between traditional 1P surface measurements and the 2P sub-surface measurements. Below, cross-section depth maps of two-photon TRPL of CdTe: total PL (left); fast (center) and slow (right) lifetime

  8. Significance analysis of the leachate level in a solid waste landfill in a coastal zone using total water balance and slope stability alternatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koo, Ja-Kong; Do, Nam-Young

    1996-12-31

    The K site near Seoul began landfilling in 1992. The landfilled wastes include municipal solid waste (66.4%), construction residues (20.4%), water and wastewater sludges (trace levels), and hazardous waste (trace levels). The water content of the municipal solid waste is very high (47.3%); as a result, the leachate level (average E.L.) of the landfill, the design value of which is 7.0 m, was measured at 10.3 m in January 1995 and is increasing. The increase of leachate level in the landfill site causes a problem with slope stability. The leachate level at each disposal stage divided by the intermediate cover layer was calculated with the HELP (Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance) model and calibrated with the data measured from February 1993 to June 1995. Also, the hydraulic conductivities of the waste layer and the intermediate cover layer in each stage were calibrated continuously with HELP model analysis. To verify these results, the total water balance in the landfill site was calculated using the infiltration rate calculated from HELP modeling. The leachate level was E.L. 10.0 m, which was close to the measured leachate level. To estimate the change of the leachate level in the future, the total water balances with different leachate discharge rates of 3,000, 3,500, and 5,000 m{sup 3}/day were analyzed. When the leachate discharge rate was 5,000 ton/day and the initial water content was decreased below 25%, the average leachate level was 10.8 m. This result satisfies the safety factor requirements (=1.3) for landfill slope stability. 4 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  9. ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item 2 Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ADMIN 1 Revision September 2015 Previous ADMIN 1 guidance edition: http://www.energy.gov/cio/downloads/administrative-records-schedule-1-personnel-records-revision-3 ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item 2 Summary Sub Item 2 Applicability Media Applicability Disposition NARA Approved Citation a. Transferred employees. Department-wide Media-neutral See Chapter 7 of The Guide to Personnel Recordkeeping for instructions relating to folders of employees transferred to

  10. Action Item Review and Status

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Board Action Items Action Item Resolution Action Item Strategic Planning Initiative Optimization Study Resolution Presentation by S. Schneider (HLW System Integrated Project...

  11. Notes and Action Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notes and Action Items Notes and Action Items ERSUG Action Items from June 1996 meeting at Germantown, MD Get DOE staff on mailers for broadcast of ERSUG issues Responsibility: Kendall and Kitchens Review and comment on ERSUG Proposal to SAC Responsibility: All of ERSUG Comments to Rick Kendall by July 17th email: ra_kendall@pnl.gov Fax : (509) 375-6631 Review and comment on Requirements Document "Greenbook" Responsibility: All of ERSUG Comments to Rick Kendall by August 7th email:

  12. Commercial Items Test Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Attached for your information is a copy of Civilian Agency Acquisition Council (CAAC) Letter 2009-04. It advises that the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 201 0, Section 8 16 authorizes extension of the Commercial Items Test Program from January 1,20 10 to January 1,20 12 and that an expedited FAR Case is being processed to insert the new date at FAR 13.500(d). Also attached is a class deviation authorizing the use of simplified acquisition procedures for commercial items up to $5.5 million [$I1 million for acquisitions of commercial items under FAR 13.500(e)

  13. Item Management Control System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1993-08-06

    The Item Management Control System (IMCS) has been developed at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory to assist in organizing collections of documents using an IBM-PC or similar DOS system platform.

  14. Notes and Action Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notes and Action Items Notes and Action Items Report on the NUGEX business meeting of June 6, 2000, in Oak Ridge Minute notes by Bas Braams First of all, many thanks to the organizers of the preceding NUG meeting: Roberta Boucher, David Dean, Brian Hingerty, Bill Kramer, Donald Spong and Malcolm Stocks. Likewise thanks to Brian Hingerty and Mike Minkoff for organizing the Users Helping Users events, and to Tom DeBoni, Osni Marques, Jeffrey Squyres and David Turner for the NERSC training classes.

  15. Pre-2012 News Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pre-2012 News Items Project and Communication Milestones: April 4, 2011: MINERvA receives Secretary's Award of Achievement March 14, 2012: Scientists send encoded message through rock via neutrino beam A particle physics private eye takes on the great interaction caper 2006 Fermilab Today Series: February 2, 2006: MINERvA Takes Point-Blank Aim at Neutrino Mysteries February 22, 2006: MINERvA Recycles to Tap Many Lab Resources March 1, 2006: Students on MINERvA Get to see End Result March 8,

  16. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- Featured Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Featured Items includeslanguage.htm Featured Items The Nevada Field Office Featured Items section provides quick access to brief program updates and some of the more popular new ...

  17. Method using a density field for locating related items for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wylie, Brian N.

    2002-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method makes use of numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. The items are given initial coordinates in the space. An energy is then determined for each item from the item's distance and similarity to other items, and from the density of items assigned coordinates near the item. The distance and similarity component can act to draw items with high similarities close together, while the density component can act to force all items apart. If a terminal condition is not yet reached, then new coordinates can be determined for one or more items, and the energy determination repeated. The iteration can terminate, for example, when the total energy reaches a threshold, when each item's energy is below a threshold, after a certain amount of time or iterations.

  18. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    150,000 APPLY TO ALL CONTRACTS EXCEEDING 5,000,000 Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy Department...

  19. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Bruce A.; Leland, Robert W.

    1996-12-24

    A method of and apparatus for graph partitioning involving the use of a plurality of eigenvectors of the Laplacian matrix of the graph of the problem for which load balancing is desired. The invention is particularly useful for optimizing parallel computer processing of a problem and for minimizing total pathway lengths of integrated circuits in the design stage.

  20. CRAD, Suspect/Counterfeit Item

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Management should have a formal system under Quality Assurance with adequate controls defined and implemented to identify and preclude Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI) from being introduced into safety systems and applications that create potential hazards.

  1. Shaft balancing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Irwin, John A.

    1979-01-01

    A gas turbine engine has an internal drive shaft including one end connected to a driven load and an opposite end connected to a turbine wheel and wherein the shaft has an in situ adjustable balance system near the critical center of a bearing span for the shaft including two 360.degree. rings piloted on the outer diameter of the shaft at a point accessible through an internal engine panel; each of the rings has a small amount of material removed from its periphery whereby both of the rings are precisely unbalanced an equivalent amount; the rings are locked circumferentially together by radial serrations thereon; numbered tangs on the outside diameter of each ring identify the circumferential location of unbalance once the rings are locked together; an aft ring of the pair of rings has a spline on its inside diameter that mates with a like spline on the shaft to lock the entire assembly together.

  2. JOBAID-SELF ASSIGNING COURSES (ITEMS)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this jobaid you will learn to use the Course Catalog, Browse Catalog, Recommended Items, Locate and Self-Assign Items (Courses) Using the Search Catalog features, Narrow Course Searches using...

  3. SciTech Connect: Item Not Found

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1115360, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Home

  4. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11/17/15 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (11/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  5. Total Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data Series: Imports - Total Imports - Crude Oil Imports - Crude Oil, Commercial Imports - by SPR Imports - into SPR by Others Imports - Total Products Imports - Total Motor Gasoline Imports - Finished Motor Gasoline Imports - Reformulated Gasoline Imports - Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Imports - Other Reformulated Gasoline Imports - Conventional Gasoline Imports - Conv. Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Imports - Conv. Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & < Imports -

  6. Country Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Country Total Percent of U.S. total Canada 61,078 1% China 3,323,297 57% Germany 154,800 3% Japan 12,593 0% India 47,192 1% South Korea 251,105 4% All Others 2,008,612 34% Total 5,858,677 100% Table 7 . Photovoltaic module import shipments by country, 2014 (peak kilowatts) Note: All Others includes Cambodia, Czech Republic, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Turkey Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-63B, 'Annual Photovoltaic

  7. New technologies for item monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, J.A.; Waddoups, I.G.

    1993-12-01

    This report responds to the Department of Energy`s request that Sandia National Laboratories compare existing technologies against several advanced technologies as they apply to DOE needs to monitor the movement of material, weapons, or personnel for safety and security programs. The authors describe several material control systems, discuss their technologies, suggest possible applications, discuss assets and limitations, and project costs for each system. The following systems are described: WATCH system (Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling); Tag system (an electrostatic proximity sensor); PANTRAK system (Personnel And Material Tracking); VRIS (Vault Remote Inventory System); VSIS (Vault Safety and Inventory System); AIMS (Authenticated Item Monitoring System); EIVS (Experimental Inventory Verification System); Metrox system (canister monitoring system); TCATS (Target Cueing And Tracking System); LGVSS (Light Grid Vault Surveillance System); CSS (Container Safeguards System); SAMMS (Security Alarm and Material Monitoring System); FOIDS (Fiber Optic Intelligence & Detection System); GRADS (Graded Radiation Detection System); and PINPAL (Physical Inventory Pallet).

  8. State Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    State Total Percent of U.S. total Alabama 482 0.0% Alaska 81 0.0% Arizona 194,476 3.3% Arkansas 336 0.0% California 3,163,120 53.0% Colorado 47,240 0.8% Connecticut 50,745 0.9% Delaware 6,600 0.1% District of Columbia 751 0.0% Florida 18,593 0.3% Georgia 47,660 0.8% Hawaii 78,329 1.3% Illinois 5,795 0.1% Indiana 37,016 0.6% Iowa 14,281 0.2% Kansas 1,809 0.0% Kentucky 520 0.0% Louisiana 12,147 0.2% Maine 1,296 0.0% Maryland 63,077 1.1% Massachusetts 157,415 2.6% Michigan 4,210 0.1% Minnesota

  9. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, Derek E.

    1998-01-01

    A beamsplitter assembly that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting.

  10. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, D.E.

    1998-02-17

    A beamsplitter assembly is disclosed that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting. 10 figs.

  11. Beyond Beginning Balances Presentation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Beyond Beginning Balances Peter Dessaules DOE/SO-62 Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop January 13, 2004 January 13, 2004 Crowne Crowne Plaza Plaza Ravinia Ravinia Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Beginning Foreign Obligation Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Balances * Why are they important? - United States Agreements for Cooperation hold Treaty status. - These Agreements require periodic reporting to the foreign countries. -

  12. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lithium Balance Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Product: Lithium ion battery developer. References: Lithium Balance1 This article is a stub....

  13. Calorimetry of low mass Pu239 items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, Teresa L; Sampson, Thomas E

    2010-01-01

    Calorimetric assay has the reputation of providing the highest precision and accuracy of all nondestructive assay measurements. Unfortunately, non-destructive assay practitioners and measurement consumers often extend, inappropriately, the high precision and accuracy of calorimetric assay to very low mass items. One purpose of this document is to present more realistic expectations for the random uncertainties associated with calorimetric assay for weapons grade plutonium items with masses of 200 grams or less.

  14. Suspect/Counterfeit Item Awareness Training Manual

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training U.S. Department of Energy Health, Safety and Security Office of Corporate Safety Analysis This training document is in the process of being revised by the Office of Analysis (HS-24) through a partnership with the Energy Facility Contractors Group. In the interim, the Suspect/ Counterfeit Headmark List (page 11) has been updated with the most current version. June 2007 Revision 6 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Training Sponsored by the Office of Analysis

  15. Work/Life Balance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab » Work/Life Balance Work/Life Balance Explore the multiple dimensions of a career at Los Alamos Lab: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Complete suite of benefits to balance your career Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge Enlarge poster enlarge

  16. Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR case I Sustainable Acquisition ... VI Technical Amendments NA Item I--Sustainable Acquisition (FAR Case 2010-001) ...

  17. Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report...

  18. Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 This paper discusses three main objectives in the CHP ...

  19. Self Supplied Balancing Reserves

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Self-Supplied-Balancing-Reserves Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

  20. Balancing coal pipes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Earley, D.; Kirkenir, B.

    2009-11-15

    Balancing coal flow to the burners to optimise combustion by using real-time measurement systems (such as microwave mass measurement) is discussed. 3 figs.

  1. CHAPS: status of issues and action items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2007 CHAPS: status of issues and action items. Items to watch are shown in bold. 1. Our most recent 'off-line' conference call was on March 30, with Yin-Nan, Liz, John J. Betsy, and John H. Details of AMS plumbing were discussed. 2. Status of CVI: a. It has been installed and test flown, 3/14 & 3/16. b. We are working on an instability in one of the flow meters (feedback with the zero-air regulator?) c. Will be flown again with nephs and psaps, and again with AMS d. See full status of

  2. CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software (44.56 KB) More Documents & Publications CITSS Project Plan CITSS Project Plan Software Configuration Management Plan

  3. Load Balancing Scientific Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearce, Olga Tkachyshyn

    2014-12-01

    The largest supercomputers have millions of independent processors, and concurrency levels are rapidly increasing. For ideal efficiency, developers of the simulations that run on these machines must ensure that computational work is evenly balanced among processors. Assigning work evenly is challenging because many large modern parallel codes simulate behavior of physical systems that evolve over time, and their workloads change over time. Furthermore, the cost of imbalanced load increases with scale because most large-scale scientific simulations today use a Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) parallel programming model, and an increasing number of processors will wait for the slowest one at the synchronization points. To address load imbalance, many large-scale parallel applications use dynamic load balance algorithms to redistribute work evenly. The research objective of this dissertation is to develop methods to decide when and how to load balance the application, and to balance it effectively and affordably. We measure and evaluate the computational load of the application, and develop strategies to decide when and how to correct the imbalance. Depending on the simulation, a fast, local load balance algorithm may be suitable, or a more sophisticated and expensive algorithm may be required. We developed a model for comparison of load balance algorithms for a specific state of the simulation that enables the selection of a balancing algorithm that will minimize overall runtime.

  4. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo The issue of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), specifically electronic components and integrated circuits, is an increasing problem throughout the nuclear industry. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo (381.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Technical Standards Newsletter - October 2015 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual Visiting Speaker Program - May 12, 2011

  5. Balance Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Balance Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Balance Energy Place: San Diego, California Zip: 92127-1874 Product: California-based end to end smart grid developer. References:...

  6. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, B.; Leland, R.

    1993-01-01

    We describe an algorithm for the static load balancing of scientific computations that generalizes and improves upon spectral bisection. Through a novel use of multiple eigenvectors, our new spectral algorithm can divide a computation into 4 or 8 pieces at once. These multidimensional spectral partitioning algorithms generate balanced partitions that have lower communication overhead and are less expensive to compute than those produced by spectral bisection. In addition, they automatically work to minimize message contention on a hypercube or mesh architecture. These spectral partitions are further improved by a multidimensional generalization of the Kernighan-Lin graph partitioning algorithm. Results on several computational grids are given and compared with other popular methods.

  7. Barge Truck Total

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Barge Truck Total delivered cost per short ton Shipments with transportation rates over total shipments Total delivered cost per short ton Shipments with transportation rates over...

  8. Guide to good practices for the development of test items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    While the methodology used in developing test items can vary significantly, to ensure quality examinations, test items should be developed systematically. Test design and development is discussed in the DOE Guide to Good Practices for Design, Development, and Implementation of Examinations. This guide is intended to be a supplement by providing more detailed guidance on the development of specific test items. This guide addresses the development of written examination test items primarily. However, many of the concepts also apply to oral examinations, both in the classroom and on the job. This guide is intended to be used as guidance for the classroom and laboratory instructor or curriculum developer responsible for the construction of individual test items. This document focuses on written test items, but includes information relative to open-reference (open book) examination test items, as well. These test items have been categorized as short-answer, multiple-choice, or essay. Each test item format is described, examples are provided, and a procedure for development is included. The appendices provide examples for writing test items, a test item development form, and examples of various test item formats.

  9. Calorimeter measurements of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, T.L.; Camp, K.L.; Hildner, S.S.; Sedlacek, W.A.

    1993-08-01

    The transition of DOE facilities from production to decontamination and decommissioning has led to more measurements of waste, scrap, and other less attractive materials. The difficulty that these materials pose for segmented gamma scanning and neutron counting has increased the use of calorimetric assay for very low wattage items (< 250 millwatts). We have measured well characterized {sup 238}Pu oxide ranging in wattage from 25 to 500 milliwatts in the calorimeters at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility and report the error and the precision of the measurements.

  10. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2012-11-06

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  11. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2009-10-20

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position one or more of the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  12. Western Hemisphere Oil Products Balance

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Western Hemisphere Oil Products Balance Ramn Espinasa, Ph.D. Lead Specialist July 2014 ... non-commercial purposes. 4 United States Oil Products Balance 5 Energy Matrix - USA 6 ...

  13. ,"Total Natural Gas Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet)",,,,,"Natural Gas Energy Intensity (cubic feetsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heating","Water Heating","Cook- ing","Other","Total ","Space...

  14. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abell, Jeffrey A.; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2014-06-24

    A system includes host and learning machines in electrical communication with sensors positioned with respect to an item of interest, e.g., a weld, and memory. The host executes instructions from memory to predict a binary quality status of the item. The learning machine receives signals from the sensor(s), identifies candidate features, and extracts features from the candidates that are more predictive of the binary quality status relative to other candidate features. The learning machine maps the extracted features to a dimensional space that includes most of the items from a passing binary class and excludes all or most of the items from a failing binary class. The host also compares the received signals for a subsequent item of interest to the dimensional space to thereby predict, in real time, the binary quality status of the subsequent item of interest.

  15. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual June 2007 The Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training manual provides information on individual components identified as suspect or counterfeit. The DOE Office of Environmental Protection, Sustainability Support & Corporate Safety Analysis has taken a corporate leadership role and is accountable for ensuring the effective implementation of the Department's S/CI process. The manual

  16. Safety Evaluation for Packaging (onsite) T Plant Canyon Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OBRIEN, J.H.

    2000-07-14

    This safety evaluation for packaging (SEP) evaluates and documents the ability to safely ship mostly unique inventories of miscellaneous T Plant canyon waste items (T-P Items) encountered during the canyon deck clean off campaign. In addition, this SEP addresses contaminated items and material that may be shipped in a strong tight package (STP). The shipments meet the criteria for onsite shipments as specified by Fluor Hanford in HNF-PRO-154, Responsibilities and Procedures for all Hazardous Material Shipments.

  17. Co2balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Co2balance Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: Carbon offset provider based in Somerset, UK. References: Co2balance1 This...

  18. SF6432-CI (02-01-12) Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    who will enter a government site to perform Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy & Quality Dept Release...

  19. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensor system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, (2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, (3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and (4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  20. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensory system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine 1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, 2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, 3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and 4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  1. Radar channel balancing with commutation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doerry, Armin Walter

    2014-02-01

    When multiple channels are employed in a pulse-Doppler radar, achieving and maintaining balance between the channels is problematic. In some circumstances the channels may be commutated to achieve adequate balance. Commutation is the switching, trading, toggling, or multiplexing of the channels between signal paths. Commutation allows modulating the imbalance energy away from the balanced energy in Doppler, where it can be mitigated with filtering.

  2. ARM - Measurement - Surface energy balance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy balance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface energy balance The energy balance at the earth's surface between the net radiation and the sensible and latent heat fluxes and ground heat flux. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each

  3. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, Stephen R.

    1997-01-01

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

  4. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  5. Water-Balance Cover Performance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    show that the plantings control the soil water balance in the source area, preventing ... plantings with high nitrate water pumped from the alluvial aquifer, is also underway. ...

  6. Par Pond water balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiergesell, R.A.; Dixon, K.L.

    1996-06-01

    A water budget for the Par Pond hydrologic system was established in order to estimate the rate of groundwater influx to Par Pond. This estimate will be used in modeling exercises to predict Par Pond reservoir elevation and spillway discharge in the scenario where Savannah River water is no longer pumped and discharged into Par Pond. The principal of conservation of mass was used to develop the water budget, where water inflow was set equal to water outflow. Components of the water budget were identified, and the flux associated with each was determined. The water budget was considered balanced when inflow and outflow summed to zero. The results of this study suggest that Par Pond gains water from the groundwater system in the upper reaches of the reservoir, but looses water to the groundwater system near the dam. The rate of flux of groundwater from the water table aquifer into Par Pond was determined to be 13 cfs. The rate of flux from Par Pond to the water table aquifer near the dam was determined to be 7 cfs.

  7. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per...

  8. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  9. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per Square Foot"...

  10. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration...

  11. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per...

  12. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  13. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Revised: December, 2008 Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other All Buildings...

  14. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other All Buildings*...

  15. AVOID BECOMING A VICTIM OF COUNTERFEIT ITEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WARRINER RD

    2011-07-13

    In today's globalized economy, we cannot live without imported products. Most people do not realize how thin the safety net of regulation and inspection really is. Less than three percent of imported products receive any form of government inspection prior to sale. Avoid flea markets, street vendors and deep discount stores. The sellers of counterfeit wares know where to market their products. They look for individuals who are hungry for a brand name item but do not want to pay a brand name price for it. The internet provides anonymity to the sellers of counterfeit products. Unlike Europe, U.S. law does not hold internet-marketing organizations, responsible for the quality of the products sold on their websites. These organizations will remove an individual vendor when a sufficient number of complaints are lodged, but they will not take responsibility for the counterfeit products you may have purchased. EBay has a number of counterfeit product guides to help you avoid being a victim of the sellers of these products. Ten percent of all medications taken worldwide are counterfeit. If you do buy medications on-line, be sure that the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS) recommends the pharmacy you choose to use. Inspect all medication purchases and report any change in color, shape, imprinting or odor to your pharmacist. If you take generic medications these attributes may change from one manufacturer to another. Your pharmacist should inform you of any changes when you refill your prescription. If they do not, get clarification prior to taking the medication. Please note that the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate supplements. The FDA only steps in when a specific supplement proves to cause physical harm or contains a regulated ingredient. Due to counterfeiting, Underwriters Laboratories (UL) changed their label design three times since 1996. The new gold label should be attached to the cord or

  16. Parallel Total Energy

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2004-10-21

    This is a total energy electronic structure code using Local Density Approximation (LDA) of the density funtional theory. It uses the plane wave as the wave function basis set. It can sue both the norm conserving pseudopotentials and the ultra soft pseudopotentials. It can relax the atomic positions according to the total energy. It is a parallel code using MP1.

  17. Microsoft Word - foi 2013-00964.Item 3.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Each item of your request is re-stated below: 1. "Any and all records reflecting correspondence (including letters and emails) between the Department of Energy offices at Hanford ...

  18. SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case FAC 56-Miscellaneous I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  19. U.S. Total Exports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Egypt ... Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total ...

  20. Libra: Scalable Load Balance Analysis

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2009-09-16

    Libra is a tool for scalable analysis of load balance data from all processes in a parallel application. Libra contains an instrumentation module that collects model data from parallel applications and a parallel compression mechanism that uses distributed wavelet transforms to gather load balance model data in a scalable fashion. Data is output to files, and these files can be viewed in a GUI tool by Libra users. The GUI tool associates particular load balancemore » data with regions for code, emabling users to view the load balance properties of distributed "slices" of their application code.« less

  1. LLNL line-item construction projects Master Site Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-04-15

    This interim submittal is an updated 1996 overview of the Master Plan based on the 1995 LLNL Site Development Plan, illustrating the future land use considerations, and the locations of proposed facilities as documented through the line item development process and keyed to the summary table. The following components in addition to the line-item proposals remain key elements in the implementation strategy of the Master Plan: personnel migration, revitalization, space reduction, classified core contraction, utility systems, and environmental restoration.

  2. Summary Max Total Units

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Summary Max Total Units *If All Splits, No Rack Units **If Only FW, AC Splits 1000 52 28 28 2000 87 59 35 3000 61 33 15 4000 61 33 15 Totals 261 153 93 ***Costs $1,957,500.00 $1,147,500.00 $697,500.00 Notes: added several refrigerants removed bins from analysis removed R-22 from list 1000lb, no Glycol, CO2 or ammonia Seawater R-404A only * includes seawater units ** no seawater units included *** Costs = (total units) X (estimate of $7500 per unit) 1000lb, air cooled split systems, fresh water

  3. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System Estimates of surface energy fluxes are a primary product of the data collection systems at the ARM SGP CART site. Surface fluxes tell ...

  4. Mechanically balanced tapered plug valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anaya, Jose R.

    1985-01-01

    The invention is a novel hermetic tapered plug valve having a spring-like resilient mechanism for providing axial balance to the plug and thereby prevent valve lock up.

  5. Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1.3 May 2016 ______________________________________________________________________________ 1 Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program [References: FAR Subpart 17.6, DEAR 970.0370-1, DEAR 970.4401-1, DEAR 970.4402-2] 1. Summary of Latest Changes This update revises the applicability of the Balanced Scorecard Program to DOE management and operating (M&O) contracts. Federal procurement offices are encouraged to continue their use of the BSC, however, The Critical Few Program has

  6. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  7. ARM - Measurement - Total carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    carbon ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Total carbon The total concentration of carbon in all its organic and non-organic forms. Categories Atmospheric Carbon, Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including

  8. Material Balance Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Material Balance Report Material Balance Report Form supports nuclear material control and accountability. Material Balance Report (16.77 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE/NRC F 742 PHYSICAL INVENTORY LISTING DOE/NRC F 740M

  9. A database system for characterization of munitions items in conventional ammunition demilitarization stockpiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chun, K.C.; Chiu, S.Y.; Ditmars, J.D.; Huber, C.C.; Nortunen, L.; Sabb, R.

    1994-05-01

    The MIDAS (Munition Items Disposition Action System) database system is an electronic data management system capable of storage and retrieval of information on the detailed structures and material compositions of munitions items designated for demilitarization. The types of such munitions range from bulk propellants and small arms to projectiles and cluster bombs. The database system is also capable of processing data on the quantities of inert, PEP (propellant, explosives and pyrotechnics) and packaging materials associated with munitions, components, or parts, and the quantities of chemical compounds associated with parts made of PEP materials. Development of the MIDAS database system has been undertaken by the US Army to support disposition of unwanted ammunition stockpiles. The inventory of such stockpiles currently includes several thousand items, which total tens of thousands of tons, and is still growing. Providing systematic procedures for disposing of all unwanted conventional munitions is the mission of the MIDAS Demilitarization Program. To carry out this mission, all munitions listed in the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition inventory must be characterized, and alternatives for resource recovery and recycling and/or disposal of munitions in the demilitarization inventory must be identified.

  10. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Information Guide for Subcontractors/Suppliers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tessmar, Nancy D.; Salazar, Michael J.

    2012-09-18

    Counterfeiting of industrial and commercial grade items is an international problem that places worker safety, program objectives, expensive equipment, and security at risk. In order to prevent the introduction of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), this information sheet is being made available as a guide to assist in the implementation of S/CI awareness and controls, in conjunction with subcontractor's/supplier's quality assurance programs. When it comes to counterfeit goods, including industrial materials, items, and equipment, no market is immune. Some manufactures have been known to misrepresent their products and intentionally use inferior materials and processes to manufacture substandard items, whose properties can significantly cart from established standards and specifications. These substandard items termed by the Department of Energy (DOE) as S/CI, pose immediate and potential threats to the safety of DOE and contractor workers, the public, and the environment. Failure of certain systems and processes caused by an S/CI could also have national security implications at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Nuclear Safety Rules (federal Laws), DOE Orders, and other regulations set forth requirements for DOE contractors to implement effective controls to assure that items and services meet specified requirements. This includes techniques to implement and thereby minimizing the potential threat of entry of S/CI to LANL. As a qualified supplier of goods or services to the LANL, your company will be required to establish and maintain effective controls to prevent the introduction of S/CI to LANL. This will require that your company warrant that all items (including their subassemblies, components, and parts) sold to LANL are genuine (i.e. not counterfeit), new, and unused, and conform to the requirements of the LANL purchase orders/contracts unless otherwise approved in writing to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) contract administrator

  11. ITEM NO. SUPPLIES/SERVICES QUANTITY UNIT UNIT PRICE AMOUNT NAME OF OFFEROR OR CONTRACTOR

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ITEM NO. SUPPLIES/SERVICES QUANTITY UNIT UNIT PRICE AMOUNT NAME OF OFFEROR OR CONTRACTOR 2 4 CONTINUATION SHEET REFERENCE NO. OF DOCUMENT BEING CONTINUED PAGE OF COMPUTER SCIENCES CORPORATION (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) DE-AC06-04RL14383/108 c. As a result of this modification, the total obligated funding on the contract remains at $78,915,927.97. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged. FOB: Destination Period of Performance: 01/06/2004 to 09/30/2013 NSN 7540-01-152-8067 OPTIONAL FORM 336

  12. Total DOE/NNSA

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    8 Actuals 2009 Actuals 2010 Actuals 2011 Actuals 2012 Actuals 2013 Actuals 2014 Actuals 2015 Actuals Total DOE/NNSA 4,385 4,151 4,240 4,862 5,154 5,476 7,170 7,593 Total non-NNSA 3,925 4,017 4,005 3,821 3,875 3,974 3,826 3765 Total Facility 8,310 8,168 8,245 8,683 9,029 9,450 10,996 11,358 non-NNSA includes DOE offices and Strategic Parternship Projects (SPP) employees NNSA M&O Employee Reporting

  13. Current balancing for battery strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galloway, James H.

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

  14. Method of data mining including determining multidimensional coordinates of each item using a predetermined scalar similarity value for each item pair

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyers, Charles E.; Davidson, George S.; Johnson, David K.; Hendrickson, Bruce A.; Wylie, Brian N.

    1999-01-01

    A method of data mining represents related items in a multidimensional space. Distance between items in the multidimensional space corresponds to the extent of relationship between the items. The user can select portions of the space to perceive. The user also can interact with and control the communication of the space, focusing attention on aspects of the space of most interest. The multidimensional spatial representation allows more ready comprehension of the structure of the relationships among the items.

  15. Dual shell pressure balanced vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fassbender, Alexander G.

    1992-01-01

    A dual-wall pressure balanced vessel for processing high viscosity slurries at high temperatures and pressures having an outer pressure vessel and an inner vessel with an annular space between the vessels pressurized at a pressure slightly less than or equivalent to the pressure within the inner vessel.

  16. Burner balancing Salem Harbor Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sload, A.W.; Dube, R.J.

    1995-12-31

    The traditional method of burner balancing is first to determine the fuel distribution, then to measure the economizer outlet excess oxygen distribution and to adjust the burners accordingly. Fuel distribution is typically measured by clean and dirty air probing. Coal pipe flow can then be adjusted, if necessary, through the use of coal pipe orificing or by other means. Primary air flow must be adjusted to meet the design criteria of the burner. Once coal pipe flow is balanced to within the desired criteria, secondary air flow to individual burners can be changed by adjusting windbox dampers, burner registers, shrouds or other devices in the secondary air stream. This paper discusses problems encountered in measuring excess O{sub 2} at the economizer outlet. It is important to recognize that O{sub 2} measurements at the economizer outlet, by themselves, can be very misleading. If measurement problems are suspected or encountered, an alternate approach similar to that described should be considered. The alternate method is not only useful for burner balancing but also can be used to help in calibrating the plant excess O{sub 2} instruments and provide an on line means of cross-checking excess air measurements. Balanced burners operate closer to their design stoichiometry, providing better NO{sub x} reduction. For Salem Harbor Station, this means a significant saving in urea consumption.

  17. DOE Hosts Festival to Collect Items for Area Food Banks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and a representative of the Capital Area Food Bank are among the guest speakers at an event this Tuesday, July 31, to collect food items for the DOE Feeds Families drive.

  18. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    76 Females Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female 27 24 86 134 65 24 192 171 1189 423 PAY PLAN SES 96 EX 4 EJ/EK 60 EN 05 39 EN 04 159 EN 03 21 EN 00 8 NN (Engineering) 398 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 1165 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 54 NV (Nuc Mat Courier) 325 GS 15 3 GS 14 1 GS 13 1 GS 10 1 Total includes 2318 permanent and 17 temporary employees. DIVERSITY 2335 1559 66.8% American Indian Alaska Native African American Asian American Pacific Islander Hispanic White 33.2% National

  19. Balanced pressure gerotor fuel pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Raney, Michael Raymond; Maier, Eugen

    2004-08-03

    A gerotor pump for pressurizing gasoline fuel is capable of developing pressures up to 2.0 MPa with good mechanical and volumetric efficiency and satisfying the durability requirements for an automotive fuel pump. The pump has been designed with optimized clearances and by including features that promote the formation of lubricating films of pressurized fuel. Features of the improved pump include the use of a shadow port in the side plate opposite the outlet port to promote balancing of high fuel pressures on the opposite sides of the rotors. Inner and outer rotors have predetermined side clearances with the clearances of the outer rotor being greater than those of the inner rotor in order to promote fuel pressure balance on the sides of the outer rotor. Support of the inner rotor and a drive shaft on a single bushing with bearing sleeves maintains concentricity. Additional features are disclosed.

  20. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abell, Jeffrey A; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2015-01-06

    A system includes host and learning machines. Each machine has a processor in electrical communication with at least one sensor. Instructions for predicting a binary quality status of an item of interest during a repeatable process are recorded in memory. The binary quality status includes passing and failing binary classes. The learning machine receives signals from the at least one sensor and identifies candidate features. Features are extracted from the candidate features, each more predictive of the binary quality status. The extracted features are mapped to a dimensional space having a number of dimensions proportional to the number of extracted features. The dimensional space includes most of the passing class and excludes at least 90 percent of the failing class. Received signals are compared to the boundaries of the recorded dimensional space to predict, in real time, the binary quality status of a subsequent item of interest.

  1. Archived News Item: August 5, 2009 - President Obama Announces...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Two companies, A123 and Johnson Controls, will receive a total of approximately 550 ... will receive a total of over 300 million for manufacturing battery cells and materials. ...

  2. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Instrument Handbook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    92 Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Instrument Handbook DR Cook January 2016 ... soilheatcapacity3 energystoragechange1 energystoragechange2 ...

  3. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  4. Determination of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) Using Total Carbon Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ekechukwu, A.A.

    2002-05-10

    Several methods have been proposed to replace the Freon(TM)-extraction method to determine total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content. For reasons of cost, sensitivity, precision, or simplicity, none of the replacement methods are feasible for analysis of radioactive samples at our facility. We have developed a method to measure total petroleum hydrocarbon content in aqueous sample matrixes using total organic carbon (total carbon) determination. The total carbon content (TC1) of the sample is measured using a total organic carbon analyzer. The sample is then contacted with a small volume of non-pokar solvent to extract the total petroleum hydrocarbons. The total carbon content of the resultant aqueous phase of the extracted sample (TC2) is measured. Total petroleum hydrocarbon content is calculated (TPH = TC1-TC2). The resultant data are consistent with results obtained using Freon(TM) extraction followed by infrared absorbance.

  5. The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Pits The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 The United States has released an inventory of its plutonium balances...

  6. U.S. Total Exports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Barbados Total To Brazil Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Canada Eastport, ID Calais, ME Detroit, MI Marysville, MI Port Huron, MI Crosby, ND Portal, ND Sault St. Marie, MI St. Clair, MI Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Buffalo, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Egypt Freeport, TX Total to India

  7. Device for balancing parallel strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashikian, Matthew S.

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means in association with each of the battery strings in the battery plant for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings by equalizing the voltage across each of the battery strings. Each of the magnetic circuit means generally comprises means for sensing the electrical current flow through one of the battery strings, and a saturable reactor having a main winding connected electrically in series with the battery string, a bias winding connected to a source of alternating current and a control winding connected to a variable source of direct current controlled by the sensing means. Each of the battery strings is formed by a plurality of batteries connected electrically in series, and these battery strings are connected electrically in parallel across common bus conductors.

  8. Total Eolica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eolica Jump to: navigation, search Name: Total Eolica Place: Spain Product: Project developer References: Total Eolica1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  9. Control of Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheriff, Marnelle L.

    2013-09-03

    This procedure implements portions of the requirements of MSC-MP-599, Quality Assurance Program Description. It establishes the Mission Support Alliance (MSA) practices for minimizing the introduction of and identifying, documenting, dispositioning, reporting, controlling, and disposing of suspect/counterfeit and defective items (S/CIs). employees whose work scope relates to Safety Systems (i.e., Safety Class [SC] or Safety Significant [SS] items), non-safety systems and other applications (i.e., General Service [GS]) where engineering has determined that their use could result in a potential safety hazard. MSA implements an effective Quality Assurance (QA) Program providing a comprehensive network of controls and verification providing defense-in-depth by preventing the introduction of S/CIs through the design, procurement, construction, operation, maintenance, and modification of processes. This procedure focuses on those safety systems, and other systems, including critical load paths of lifting equipment, where the introduction of S/CIs would have the greatest potential for creating unsafe conditions.

  10. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, R.W.; Fuller, J.L.; Doctor, S.R.; Good, M.S.; Heasler, P.G.; Skorpik, J.R.; Hansen, N.H.

    1995-09-26

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision. 15 figs.

  11. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard W.; Fuller, James L.; Doctor, Steven R.; Good, Morris S.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Skorpik, James R.; Hansen, Norman H.

    1995-01-01

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision.

  12. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, B.A.

    1999-07-27

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity. 12 figs.

  13. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Bruce A.

    1999-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity.

  14. Total..............................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    111.1 86.6 2,720 1,970 1,310 1,941 1,475 821 1,059 944 554 Census Region and Division Northeast.................................... 20.6 13.9 3,224 2,173 836 2,219 1,619 583 903 830 Q New England.......................... 5.5 3.6 3,365 2,154 313 2,634 1,826 Q 951 940 Q Middle Atlantic........................ 15.1 10.3 3,167 2,181 1,049 2,188 1,603 582 Q Q Q Midwest...................................... 25.6 21.0 2,823 2,239 1,624 2,356 1,669 1,336 1,081 961 778 East North

  15. Total............................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

  16. Total..............................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,171 1,618 1,031 845 630 401 Census Region and Division Northeast................................................... 20.6 2,334 1,664 562 911 649 220 New England.......................................... 5.5 2,472 1,680 265 1,057 719 113 Middle Atlantic........................................ 15.1 2,284 1,658 670 864 627 254 Midwest...................................................... 25.6 2,421 1,927 1,360 981 781 551 East North Central.................................. 17.7 2,483 1,926 1,269

  17. Total...............................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    20.6 25.6 40.7 24.2 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 6.9 8.1 14.2 6.4 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 13.7 17.5 26.6 17.8 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 9.3 11.9 18.2 11.0 2.......................................................... 16.2 2.9 3.5 5.5 4.4 3 or More............................................. 9.0 1.5 2.1 2.9 2.5 Number of Laptop PCs

  18. Total...............................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 14.2 7.2 2.8 4.2 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 26.6 14.5 4.1 7.9 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 18.2 10.0 2.9 5.3 2.......................................................... 16.2 5.5 3.0 0.7 1.8 3 or More............................................. 9.0 2.9 1.5 0.5 0.8 Number of Laptop PCs

  19. Total...............................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    26.7 28.8 20.6 13.1 22.0 16.6 38.6 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 17.1 10.8 4.2 1.8 1.6 10.3 20.6 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 9.6 18.0 16.4 11.3 20.3 6.4 17.9 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 8.3 14.2 11.4 7.2 9.2 5.3 14.2 2.......................................................... 16.2 0.9 2.6 3.7 2.9 6.2 0.8 2.6 3 or More............................................. 9.0 0.4 1.2

  20. Total...............................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    47.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 16.9 6.5 4.6 7.6 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 30.3 12.5 18.1 14.7 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 21.1 8.3 10.7 10.1 2.......................................................... 16.2 6.2 2.8 4.1 3.0 3 or More............................................. 9.0 2.9 1.4 3.2 1.6 Number of Laptop PCs

  1. Total.................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    49.2 15.1 15.6 11.1 7.0 5.2 8.0 Have Cooling Equipment............................... 93.3 31.3 15.1 15.6 11.1 7.0 5.2 8.0 Use Cooling Equipment................................ 91.4 30.4 14.6 15.4 11.1 6.9 5.2 7.9 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............... 1.9 1.0 0.5 Q Q Q Q Q Do Not Have Cooling Equipment................... 17.8 17.8 N N N N N N Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System............................................. 65.9 3.9 15.1 15.6 11.1 7.0 5.2 8.0 Without a Heat

  2. Total.................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    14.7 7.4 12.5 12.5 18.9 18.6 17.3 9.2 Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment........ 1.2 N Q Q 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 Q Have Main Space Heating Equipment........... 109.8 14.7 7.4 12.4 12.2 18.5 18.3 17.1 9.2 Use Main Space Heating Equipment............. 109.1 14.6 7.3 12.4 12.2 18.2 18.2 17.1 9.1 Have Equipment But Do Not Use It............... 0.8 Q Q Q Q 0.3 Q N Q Main Heating Fuel and Equipment Natural Gas................................................... 58.2 9.2 4.9 7.8 7.1 8.8 8.4 7.8 4.2 Central

  3. Total..................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . 111.1 14.7 7.4 12.5 12.5 18.9 18.6 17.3 9.2 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment..................... 17.8 3.9 1.8 2.2 2.1 3.1 2.6 1.7 0.4 Have Cooling Equipment................................. 93.3 10.8 5.6 10.3 10.4 15.8 16.0 15.6 8.8 Use Cooling Equipment.................................. 91.4 10.6 5.5 10.3 10.3 15.3 15.7 15.3 8.6 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it................. 1.9 Q Q Q Q 0.6 0.4 0.3 Q Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central

  4. Total...................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    15.2 7.8 1.0 1.2 3.3 1.9 For Two Housing Units............................. 0.9 Q N Q 0.6 N Heat Pump.................................................. 9.2 7.4 0.3 Q 0.7 0.5 Portable Electric Heater............................... 1.6 0.8 Q Q Q 0.3 Other Equipment......................................... 1.9 0.7 Q Q 0.7 Q Fuel Oil........................................................... 7.7 5.5 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.2 Steam or Hot Water System........................ 4.7 2.9 Q 0.7 0.8 N For One Housing

  5. Total...................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System............................................... 65.9 47.5 4.0 2.8 7.9 3.7 Without a Heat Pump.................................. 53.5 37.8 3.4 2.2 7.0 3.1 With a Heat Pump....................................... 12.3 9.7 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.6 Window/Wall Units.......................................... 28.9 14.9 2.3 3.5 6.0 2.1 1 Unit........................................................... 14.5 6.6 1.0 1.6 4.2 1.2 2

  6. Total.......................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.6 15.1 5.5 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ................... 35.5 6.9 5.3 1.6 Use a Personal Computer................................ 75.6 13.7 9.8 3.9 Number of Desktop PCs 1.................................................................. 50.3 9.3 6.8 2.5 2.................................................................. 16.2 2.9 1.9 1.0 3 or More..................................................... 9.0 1.5 1.1 0.4 Number of Laptop PCs

  7. Total.......................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.6 17.7 7.9 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ................... 35.5 8.1 5.6 2.5 Use a Personal Computer................................ 75.6 17.5 12.1 5.4 Number of Desktop PCs 1.................................................................. 50.3 11.9 8.4 3.4 2.................................................................. 16.2 3.5 2.2 1.3 3 or More..................................................... 9.0 2.1 1.5 0.6 Number of Laptop PCs

  8. Total.......................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4.2 7.6 16.6 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ................... 35.5 6.4 2.2 4.2 Use a Personal Computer................................ 75.6 17.8 5.3 12.5 Number of Desktop PCs 1.................................................................. 50.3 11.0 3.4 7.6 2.................................................................. 16.2 4.4 1.3 3.1 3 or More..................................................... 9.0 2.5 0.7 1.8 Number of Laptop PCs

  9. Total........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    25.6 40.7 24.2 Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment............... 1.2 Q Q Q 0.7 Have Main Space Heating Equipment.................. 109.8 20.5 25.6 40.3 23.4 Use Main Space Heating Equipment.................... 109.1 20.5 25.6 40.1 22.9 Have Equipment But Do Not Use It...................... 0.8 N N Q 0.6 Main Heating Fuel and Equipment Natural Gas.......................................................... 58.2 11.4 18.4 13.6 14.7 Central Warm-Air Furnace................................ 44.7 6.1

  10. Total........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.6 17.7 7.9 Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment............... 1.2 Q Q N Have Main Space Heating Equipment.................. 109.8 25.6 17.7 7.9 Use Main Space Heating Equipment.................... 109.1 25.6 17.7 7.9 Have Equipment But Do Not Use It...................... 0.8 N N N Main Heating Fuel and Equipment Natural Gas.......................................................... 58.2 18.4 13.1 5.3 Central Warm-Air Furnace................................ 44.7 16.2 11.6 4.7 For One Housing

  11. Total........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment............... 1.2 Q Q N Q Have Main Space Heating Equipment.................. 109.8 40.3 21.4 6.9 12.0 Use Main Space Heating Equipment.................... 109.1 40.1 21.2 6.9 12.0 Have Equipment But Do Not Use It...................... 0.8 Q Q N N Main Heating Fuel and Equipment Natural Gas.......................................................... 58.2 13.6 5.6 2.3 5.7 Central Warm-Air Furnace................................ 44.7 11.0 4.4

  12. Total........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment............... 1.2 Q Q Q 0.2 Have Main Space Heating Equipment.................. 109.8 7.1 6.8 7.9 11.9 Use Main Space Heating Equipment.................... 109.1 7.1 6.6 7.9 11.4 Have Equipment But Do Not Use It...................... 0.8 N Q N 0.5 Main Heating Fuel and Equipment Natural Gas.......................................................... 58.2 3.8 0.4 3.8 8.4 Central Warm-Air Furnace................................ 44.7 1.8 Q 3.1 6.0

  13. Total...........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.6 15.1 5.5 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................. 17.8 4.0 2.4 1.7 Have Cooling Equipment.......................................... 93.3 16.5 12.8 3.8 Use Cooling Equipment........................................... 91.4 16.3 12.6 3.7 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it.......................... 1.9 0.3 Q Q Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 6.0 5.2 0.8 Without a Heat

  14. Total...........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.6 17.7 7.9 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................. 17.8 2.1 1.8 0.3 Have Cooling Equipment.......................................... 93.3 23.5 16.0 7.5 Use Cooling Equipment........................................... 91.4 23.4 15.9 7.5 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it.......................... 1.9 Q Q Q Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 17.3 11.3 6.0 Without a Heat

  15. Total...........................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4.2 7.6 16.6 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................. 17.8 10.3 3.1 7.3 Have Cooling Equipment.......................................... 93.3 13.9 4.5 9.4 Use Cooling Equipment........................................... 91.4 12.9 4.3 8.5 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it.......................... 1.9 1.0 Q 0.8 Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 10.5 3.9 6.5 Without a Heat

  16. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... 17.8 4.0 2.1 1.4 10.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................ 93.3 16.5 23.5 39.3 13.9 Use Cooling Equipment............................................. 91.4 16.3 23.4 38.9 12.9 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................ 1.9 0.3 Q 0.5 1.0 Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 6.0 17.3 32.1 10.5 Without a Heat

  17. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cooking Appliances Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked 3 or More Times A Day......................................... 8.2 1.2 1.0 0.2 2 Times A Day...................................................... 24.6 4.0 2.7 1.2 Once a Day........................................................... 42.3 7.9 5.4 2.5 A Few Times Each Week...................................... 27.2 6.0 4.8 1.2 About Once a Week.............................................. 3.9 0.6 0.5 Q Less Than Once a

  18. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cooking Appliances Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked 3 or More Times A Day......................................... 8.2 1.4 1.0 0.4 2 Times A Day...................................................... 24.6 5.8 3.5 2.3 Once a Day........................................................... 42.3 10.7 7.8 2.9 A Few Times Each Week...................................... 27.2 5.6 4.0 1.6 About Once a Week.............................................. 3.9 0.9 0.6 0.3 Less Than Once a

  19. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... 17.8 2.1 1.8 0.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................ 93.3 23.5 16.0 7.5 Use Cooling Equipment............................................. 91.4 23.4 15.9 7.5 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................ 1.9 Q Q Q Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 17.3 11.3 6.0 Without a Heat

  20. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... 17.8 1.4 0.8 0.2 0.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................ 93.3 39.3 20.9 6.7 11.8 Use Cooling Equipment............................................. 91.4 38.9 20.7 6.6 11.7 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................ 1.9 0.5 Q Q Q Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 32.1 17.6 5.2 9.3 Without a Heat

  1. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cooking Appliances Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked 3 or More Times A Day......................................... 8.2 2.6 0.7 1.9 2 Times A Day...................................................... 24.6 6.6 2.0 4.6 Once a Day........................................................... 42.3 8.8 2.9 5.8 A Few Times Each Week...................................... 27.2 4.7 1.5 3.1 About Once a Week.............................................. 3.9 0.7 Q 0.6 Less Than Once a

  2. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... 17.8 10.3 3.1 7.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................ 93.3 13.9 4.5 9.4 Use Cooling Equipment............................................. 91.4 12.9 4.3 8.5 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................ 1.9 1.0 Q 0.8 Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 10.5 3.9 6.5 Without a Heat

  3. Total.............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... 17.8 8.5 2.7 2.6 4.0 Have Cooling Equipment............................................ 93.3 38.6 16.2 20.1 18.4 Use Cooling Equipment............................................. 91.4 37.8 15.9 19.8 18.0 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................ 1.9 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 25.8 10.9 16.6 12.5 Without a Heat

  4. Total..............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    20.6 25.6 40.7 24.2 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment................................ 17.8 4.0 2.1 1.4 10.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................. 93.3 16.5 23.5 39.3 13.9 Use Cooling Equipment.............................................. 91.4 16.3 23.4 38.9 12.9 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................. 1.9 0.3 Q 0.5 1.0 Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................... 65.9 6.0 17.3 32.1 10.5

  5. Total..............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment................................ 17.8 1.4 0.8 0.2 0.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................. 93.3 39.3 20.9 6.7 11.8 Use Cooling Equipment.............................................. 91.4 38.9 20.7 6.6 11.7 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................. 1.9 0.5 Q Q Q Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................... 65.9 32.1 17.6 5.2 9.3 Without a

  6. Total..............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    111.1 7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer .......................... 35.5 3.0 2.0 2.7 3.1 Use a Personal Computer....................................... 75.6 4.2 5.0 5.3 9.0 Number of Desktop PCs 1......................................................................... 50.3 3.1 3.4 3.4 5.4 2......................................................................... 16.2 0.7 1.1 1.2 2.2 3 or More............................................................ 9.0 0.3

  7. Total..............................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment................................ 17.8 8.5 2.7 2.6 4.0 Have Cooling Equipment............................................. 93.3 38.6 16.2 20.1 18.4 Use Cooling Equipment.............................................. 91.4 37.8 15.9 19.8 18.0 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................. 1.9 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................... 65.9 25.8 10.9 16.6 12.5

  8. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    25.6 40.7 24.2 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 6.9 8.1 14.2 6.4 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 13.7 17.5 26.6 17.8 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 10.4 14.1 20.5 13.7 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 3.3 3.4 6.1 4.1 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2

  9. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.6 17.7 7.9 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 8.1 5.6 2.5 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 17.5 12.1 5.4 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 14.1 10.0 4.0 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 3.4 2.1 1.3 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2

  10. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cooking Appliances Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked 3 or More Times A Day................................................. 8.2 3.0 1.6 0.3 1.1 2 Times A Day.............................................................. 24.6 8.3 4.2 1.3 2.7 Once a Day................................................................... 42.3 15.0 8.1 2.7 4.2 A Few Times Each Week............................................. 27.2 10.9 6.0 1.8 3.1 About Once a Week..................................................... 3.9

  11. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 14.2 7.2 2.8 4.2 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 26.6 14.5 4.1 7.9 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 20.5 11.0 3.4 6.1 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 6.1 3.5 0.7 1.9 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2

  12. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4.2 7.6 16.6 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 6.4 2.2 4.2 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 17.8 5.3 12.5 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 13.7 4.2 9.5 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 4.1 1.1 3.0 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2

  13. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cooking Appliances Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked 3 or More Times A Day................................................. 8.2 3.7 1.6 1.4 1.5 2 Times A Day.............................................................. 24.6 10.8 4.1 4.3 5.5 Once a Day................................................................... 42.3 17.0 7.2 8.7 9.3 A Few Times Each Week............................................. 27.2 11.4 4.7 6.4 4.8 About Once a Week.....................................................

  14. Total....................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    111.1 47.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 16.9 6.5 4.6 7.6 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 30.3 12.5 18.1 14.7 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 22.9 9.8 14.1 11.9 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 7.4 2.7 4.0 2.9 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2

  15. Total.........................................................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ..... 111.1 7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer...................................... 35.5 3.0 2.0 2.7 3.1 Use a Personal Computer.................................................. 75.6 4.2 5.0 5.3 9.0 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model............................................................. 58.6 3.2 3.9 4.0 6.7 Laptop Model................................................................. 16.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 2.4 Hours Turned on Per Week Less

  16. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Basements Basement in Single-Family Homes and Apartments in 2-4 Unit Buildings ... Attics Attic in Single-Family Homes and Apartments in 2-4 Unit Buildings ...

  17. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Climate region 3 Very coldCold 31,898 30,469 28,057 28,228 21,019 30,542 25,067 Mixed-humid 27,873 26,716 24,044 26,365 21,026 27,096 22,812 Mixed-dryHot-dry 12,037 10,484 7,628 ...

  18. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System......Central Air-Conditioning...... 65.9 1.1 6.4 6.4 ...

  19. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Income Relative to Poverty Line Below 100 Percent......1.3 1.2 0.8 0.4 1. Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State ...

  20. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 80,000 or More 60,000 to 79,999 ... Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 80,000 or More 60,000 to 79,999 ...

  1. Total..........................................................

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Table HC7.4 Space Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty Line ... Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 80,000 or More Space Heating ...

  2. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... Table HC7.7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty Line ... Table HC7.7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty Line ...

  3. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... Living Space Characteristics Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 Million ... Living Space Characteristics Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 Million ...

  4. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... Table HC7.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty ... Table HC7.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty ...

  5. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... Table HC7.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Below Poverty Line ... Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 40,000 to 59,999 60,000 to 79,999 ...

  6. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,001 to 5,000 2,777 8,041 10,232 2.9 786 56 5,001 to 10,000 1,229 8,900 9,225 7.2 965 62 10,001 to 25,000 884 14,105 14,189 16.0 994 65 25,001 to 50,000 332 11,917 11,327 35.9 1,052 72 50,001 to 100,000 199 13,918 12,345 69.9 1,127 80 100,001 to 200,000 90 12,415 11,310 137.9 1,098 89 200,001 to 500,000 38 10,724 10,356 284.2 1,035 99 Over 500,000 8 7,074 9,196 885.0 769 117 Principal building activity Education 389 12,239 10,885 31.5 1,124 53 Food sales 177 1,252 1,172 7.1 1,067 121 Food

  7. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,001 to 5,000 2,777 8,041 10,232 2.9 786 56 5,001 to 10,000 1,229 8,900 9,225 7.2 965 62 10,001 to 25,000 884 14,105 14,189 16.0 994 65 25,001 to 50,000 332 11,917 11,327 35.9 1,052 72 50,001 to 100,000 199 13,918 12,345 69.9 1,127 80 100,001 to 200,000 90 12,415 11,310 137.9 1,098 89 200,001 to 500,000 38 10,724 10,356 284.2 1,035 99 Over 500,000 8 7,074 9,196 885.0 769 117 Principal building activity Education 389 12,239 10,885 31.5 1,124 53 Food sales 177 1,252 1,172 7.1 1,067 121 Food

  8. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,001 to 5,000 2,777 8,041 10,232 2.9 786 56 5,001 to 10,000 1,229 8,900 9,225 7.2 965 62 10,001 to 25,000 884 14,105 14,189 16.0 994 65 25,001 to 50,000 332 11,917 11,327 35.9 1,052 72 50,001 to 100,000 199 13,918 12,345 69.9 1,127 80 100,001 to 200,000 90 12,415 11,310 137.9 1,098 89 200,001 to 500,000 38 10,724 10,356 284.2 1,035 99 Over 500,000 8 7,074 9,196 885.0 769 117 Principal building activity Education 389 12,239 10,885 31.5 1,124 53 Food sales 177 1,252 1,172 7.1 1,067 121 Food

  9. Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Median square feet per building (thousand) Median square feet per worker Median operating hours per week Median age of buildings (years) All buildings 5,557 87,093 88,182 5.0 1,029 50 32 Building floorspace (square feet) 1,001 to 5,000 2,777 8,041 10,232 2.8 821 49 37 5,001 to 10,000 1,229 8,900 9,225 7.0 1,167 50 31 10,001 to 25,000 884 14,105 14,189 15.0 1,444 56 32 25,001 to 50,000 332 11,917 11,327 35.0 1,461 60 29 50,001 to 100,000 199 13,918 12,345 67.0 1,442 60 26 100,001 to 200,000 90

  10. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Housing Units (millions) UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported) Living Space ... Housing Units (millions) UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported) Living Space ...

  11. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Housing Units (millions) UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported) City Town Suburbs Rural ... Housing Units (millions) UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported) City Town Suburbs Rural ...

  12. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Living Space Characteristics Detached Attached Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC3.2 ...

  13. Total..........................................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Table HC4.2 Living Space Characteristics by Renter-Occupied Housing Units, 2005 2 to 4 Units 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy ...

  14. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Per Household Member Average Square Feet Energy Information Administration 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Table HC1.2.2 ...

  15. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 111.1 20.6 15.1 5.5 Do Not Have Cooling Equipment...... 17.8 4.0 2.4 1.7 Have Cooling Equipment...... 93.3 ...

  16. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 41.8 2,603 2,199 1,654 941 795 598 1-Car Garage...... 9.5 2,064 1,664 1,039 775 624 390 2-Car Garage......

  17. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... Average Square Feet per Apartment in a -- Apartments (millions) Major Outside Wall Construction Siding (Aluminum, Vinyl, Steel)...... 35.3 3.5 1,286 1,090 325 852 786 461 ...

  18. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Type of Renter-Occupied Housing Unit Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units ... At Home Behavior Home Used for Business Yes......

  19. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit U.S. Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units ... At Home Behavior Home Used for Business Yes......

  20. Total..........................................................

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Housing Characteristics Tables Single-Family Units Detached Type of Housing Unit Table ... At Home Behavior Home Used for Business Yes......

  1. Balancing radar receiver channels with commutation. (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Balancing radar receiver channels with commutation. Abstract not provided. Authors: Doerry, Armin Walter Publication Date: 2015-01-01 OSTI Identifier: 1244859 Report ...

  2. EIA-930 Hourly and Daily Balancing ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... file retrieval using business-to-business data transfer or web services technology. ... but are to be included in the posted hourly value for balancing authority net generation. ...

  3. Archived News Item: August 26, 2009 - Secretary Chu Announces...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and renewable gas, propane, ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, and hybrid technologies. ... Total DOE award: 14,970,144 Railroad Commission of Texas' Texas Propane Fleet Pilot ...

  4. Dynamic load balance scheme for the DSMC algorithm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Jin; Geng, Xiangren; Jiang, Dingwu; Chen, Jianqiang

    2014-12-09

    The direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) algorithm, devised by Bird, has been used over a wide range of various rarified flow problems in the past 40 years. While the DSMC is suitable for the parallel implementation on powerful multi-processor architecture, it also introduces a large load imbalance across the processor array, even for small examples. The load imposed on a processor by a DSMC calculation is determined to a large extent by the total of simulator particles upon it. Since most flows are impulsively started with initial distribution of particles which is surely quite different from the steady state, the total of simulator particles will change dramatically. The load balance based upon an initial distribution of particles will break down as the steady state of flow is reached. The load imbalance and huge computational cost of DSMC has limited its application to rarefied or simple transitional flows. In this paper, by taking advantage of METIS, a software for partitioning unstructured graphs, and taking the total of simulator particles in each cell as a weight information, the repartitioning based upon the principle that each processor handles approximately the equal total of simulator particles has been achieved. The computation must pause several times to renew the total of simulator particles in each processor and repartition the whole domain again. Thus the load balance across the processors array holds in the duration of computation. The parallel efficiency can be improved effectively. The benchmark solution of a cylinder submerged in hypersonic flow has been simulated numerically. Besides, hypersonic flow past around a complex wing-body configuration has also been simulated. The results have displayed that, for both of cases, the computational time can be reduced by about 50%.

  5. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed ...

  6. NQA-1 Requirements for Commercial Grade Item Acceptance: ICONE20-54738

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Valkenburg, Taunia S.; Holmes, Richard A.; Tepley, Daniel J.; Sandquist, Gary

    2012-07-19

    Objectives are: (1) Present the DOE Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) Project Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication Process; and (2) Present CMRR Project CGI Lessons-Learned.

  7. Doubles counting of highly multiplying items in reflective surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, Stephen; Evans, Louise G; Schear, Melissa A; Tobin, Stephen J

    2010-11-18

    When a neutrons are counted from a spontaneously fissile multiplying item in a reflecting environment the temporal behavior of the correlated signal following neutron birth is complex. At early times the signal is dominated by prompt fission events coming from spontaneous fission bursts and also from prompt fast-neutron induced fission events. At later times neutrons 'returning' from the surroundings induce fission and give rise to an additional chain of correlated events. The prompt and returning components probe the fissile and fertile constituents of the item in different ways and it is potentially beneficial to exploit this fact. In this work we look at how the two components can be represented using a linear combination of two simple functions. Fitting of the composite function to the capture time distribution represents one way of quantifying the proportion of each contribution. Another approach however is to use a dual shift register analysis where after each triggering event two coincidence gates are opened, one close to the trigger that responds preferentially to the prompt dynamics and one later in time which is more sensitive to the returning neutron induced events. To decide on the best gate positions and gate widths and also to estimate the counting precision we can use the analytical fit to work out the necessary gate utilization factors which are required in both these calculations. In this work, we develop the approach. Illustrative examples are given using spent Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Pressurized light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel assemblies submersed in borated water and counted in a ring of {sup 3}He gas-filled proportional counters. In this case the prompt component is dominated by {sup 244}Cm spontaneous fission and induced fast neutron fission in for example {sup 238}U while the returning low energy neutrons induce fission mainly in the fissile nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Pu and {sup 235}U. One requirement is to calculate the Random

  8. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-14

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  9. Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and 1994 Vehicle Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 1993 Family Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factor: Less than 5,000 5,000...

  10. ARM - Measurement - Total cloud water

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cloud water ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Total cloud water The total concentration (mass/vol) of ice and liquid water particles in a cloud; this includes condensed water content (CWC). Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a

  11. Balance Calibration A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customers location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturers specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom

  12. Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On September 1, 2011, DOE announced $42.4 million in funding over three years for the Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction (BOS-X) funding opportunity. Part of the SunShot Systems...

  13. Background-free balanced optical cross correlator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nejadmalayeri, Amir Hossein; Kaertner, Franz X

    2014-12-23

    A balanced optical cross correlator includes an optical waveguide, a first photodiode including a first n-type semiconductor and a first p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a first side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry, and a second photodiode including a second n-type semiconductor and a second p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a second side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry. A balanced receiver including first and second inputs is configured to produce an output current or voltage that reflects a difference in currents or voltages, originating from the first and the second photodiodes of the balanced cross correlator and fed to the first input and to the second input of the balanced receiver.

  14. Work and Life Balance | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Balancing Work with Life Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on ...

  15. Annual Uncosted Balances Reports | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports Annual Uncosted Balances Reports Section 2307 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13526) requires the Department of Energy (Department or DOE) to submit an annual report to Congress on the state of the Department's uncosted obligations. The section requires the report to identify the uncosted obligations at the end of the previous fiscal year (FY), describe the purpose of those funds, and describe the effect the information had on the annual budget

  16. Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Balanced Scorecard Program Balanced Scorecard Program I. Introduction The BSC is a conceptual framework for translating an organization's vision into a set of performance indicators distributed among four perspectives: Financial, Customer, Internal Business Processes, and Learning and Growth. Indicators are maintained to measure an organization's progress toward achieving its vision; other indicators are maintained to measure the long term drivers of success. Through the BSC, an organization

  17. FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report represents an analysis of the Department's uncosted balances for FY 2011. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2011 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis of uncosted balances in

  18. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) This chapter ...

  19. IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    world Bracher, B. 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; MAINTENANCE; REPAIR Field balancing can achieve significant...

  20. Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon September 28, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis The Team...

  1. Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    defines charges for balancing services, or generation inputs, that maintain a constant balance of the energy produced and energy consumed. "BPA and the parties involved in this...

  2. Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors for the Power Reactors Michael J. Smith Michael J. Smith NAC International NAC ...

  3. CATEGORY Total Procurement Total Small Business Small Disadvantaged

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    CATEGORY Total Procurement Total Small Business Small Disadvantaged Business Woman Owned Small Business HubZone Small Business Veteran-Owned Small Business Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Business FY 2013 Dollars Accomplished $1,049,087,940 $562,676,028 $136,485,766 $106,515,229 $12,080,258 $63,473,852 $28,080,960 FY 2013 % Accomplishment 54.40% 13.00% 10.20% 1.20% 6.60% 2.70% FY 2014 Dollars Accomplished $868,961,755 $443,711,175 $92,478,522 $88,633,031 $29,867,820 $43,719,452 $26,826,374

  4. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 New Hampshire - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle ...

  5. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

  6. Total Number of Operable Refineries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data Series: Total Number of Operable Refineries Number of Operating Refineries Number of Idle Refineries Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operating Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Idle Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity (B/SD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operating Capacity (B/SD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Idle Capacity (B/SD) Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge

  7. Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Paid

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Performance Period Total Fee Paid FY2008 $134,832 FY2009 $142,578 FY2010 $299,878 FY2011 $169,878 Cumulative Fee Paid $747,166 Contract Period: September 2007 - October 2012 $31,885,815 C/P/E Environmental Services, LLC DE-AM09-05SR22405/DE-AT30-07CC60011/SL14 Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Cost Plus Award Fee $357,223 $597,797 $894,699 EM Contractor Fee Site: Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Contract Name: SLAC Environmental Remediation December 2012 $1,516,646 Fee

  8. Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item July 1, 2010 - 5:11pm Addthis Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE A new federal tax credit is helping McQuay International expand its line of energy-efficient HVAC products at two of its plants and bring back furloughed workers. With the help of a 48C manufacturing tax credit worth $2 million under the American

  9. Design Storm for Total Retention.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Title: Design Storm for "Total Retention" under Individual Permit, Poster, Individual ... International. Environmental Programs Design Storm for "Total Retention" under ...

  10. FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report represents an analysis of the Department's uncosted balances for FY 2010. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2010 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis of uncosted

  11. FY 2013 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2013 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2013 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report presents the results of the Department's annual analysis of uncosted balances for FY 2013. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2013 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis

  12. FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report presents the results of the Department's annual analysis of uncosted balances for FY 2012. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2012 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis

  13. FY 2014 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2014 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2014 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report presents the results of the Department's annual analysis of uncosted balances for FY 2014. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2014 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis of

  14. U.S. Total Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    St. Clair, MI International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake

  15. Torque-balanced vibrationless rotary coupling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, Donald M. (Sunnyside, WA)

    1980-01-01

    This disclosure describes a torque-balanced vibrationless rotary coupling for transmitting rotary motion without unwanted vibration into the spindle of a machine tool. A drive member drives a driven member using flexible connecting loops which are connected tangentially and at diametrically opposite connecting points through a free floating ring.

  16. Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future Initial Discussions 3072012 2 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Background BPA has implemented a number...

  17. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.

    1995-12-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a larger number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  18. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.; Peierls, R.F.

    1995-08-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a large number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  19. Energy balance of ENDF/B-VI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacFarlane, R.E.

    1994-06-01

    ENDF/B-VI through Release 2 has been tested for neutron-photon energy balance using the Heater module of the NJOY nuclear data procesing system. The situation is much improved over ENDF/B-V, but there are still a number of maerials that show problems.

  20. Influence of Long-Period Variations of Total Ozone Content on Climate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Change in Twentieth Century Influence of Long-Period Variations of Total Ozone Content on Climate Change in Twentieth Century Zuev, V Institute of Atmospheric Optics Zueva, N. Institute of Atmospheric Optics Bondarenko, S Institute of Atmospheric Optics Category: Atmospheric State and Surface It is shown that during long-term total ozone decrease everywhere at middle and high latitudes there takes place the destruction of balance in global carbon cycle first of all due to reduction of

  1. Approach to IAEA material-balance verification at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, D.M.; Sanborn, J.B.; Younkin, J.M.; DeVito, V.J.

    1983-01-01

    This paper describes a potential approach by which the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) might verify the nuclear-material balance at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP). The strategy makes use of the attributes and variables measurement verification approach, whereby the IAEA would perform independent measurements on a randomly selected subset of the items comprising the U-235 flows and inventories at the plant. In addition, the MUF-D statistic is used as the test statistic for the detection of diversion. The paper includes descriptions of the potential verification activities, as well as calculations of: (1) attributes and variables sample sizes for the various strata, (2) standard deviations of the relevant test statistics, and (3) the detection sensitivity which the IAEA might achieve by this verification strategy at GCEP.

  2. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review | Department of Energy Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review This is the

  3. Techniques for reducing error in the calorimetric measurement of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sedlacek, W.A.; Hildner, S.S.; Camp, K.L.; Cremers, T.L.

    1993-08-01

    The increased need for the measurement of low wattage items with production calorimeters has required the development of techniques to maximize the precision and accuracy of the calorimeter measurements. An error model for calorimetry measurements is presented. This model is used as a basis for optimizing calorimetry measurements through baseline interpolation. The method was applied to the heat measurement of over 100 items and the results compared to chemistry assay and mass spectroscopy.

  4. Total Imports of Residual Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 View History U.S. Total 9,010 5,030 8,596 6,340 4,707 8,092 1936-2016 PAD District 1 3,127 2,664 2,694 1,250 1,327 2,980 1981-2016 Connecticut 1995-2015 Delaware 280 1995-2016 Florida 858 649 800 200 531 499 1995-2016 Georgia 210 262 149 106 1995-2016 Maine 1995-2015 Maryland 84 1995-2016 Massachusetts 1995-2015 New Hampshire 1995-2015 New Jersey 1,283 843 1,073 734 355 1,984 1995-2016 New York 234 824 210 196 175 1995-2016 North Carolina 1995-2011

  5. Total quality management implementation guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    These Guidelines were designed by the Energy Quality Council to help managers and supervisors in the Department of Energy Complex bring Total Quality Management to their organizations. Because the Department is composed of a rich mixture of diverse organizations, each with its own distinctive culture and quality history, these Guidelines are intended to be adapted by users to meet the particular needs of their organizations. For example, for organizations that are well along on their quality journeys and may already have achieved quality results, these Guidelines will provide a consistent methodology and terminology reference to foster their alignment with the overall Energy quality initiative. For organizations that are just beginning their quality journeys, these Guidelines will serve as a startup manual on quality principles applied in the Energy context.

  6. Total Imports of Residual Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History U.S. Total 133,646 119,888 93,672 82,173 63,294 68,265 1936-2015 PAD District 1 88,999 79,188 59,594 33,566 30,944 33,789 1981-2015 Connecticut 220 129 1995-2015 Delaware 748 1,704 510 1,604 2,479 1995-2015 Florida 15,713 11,654 10,589 8,331 5,055 7,013 1995-2015 Georgia 5,648 7,668 6,370 4,038 2,037 1,629 1995-2015 Maine 1,304 651 419 75 317 135 1995-2015 Maryland 3,638 1,779 1,238 433 938 539 1995-2015 Massachusetts 123 50 78 542 88 1995-2015 New

  7. Total Adjusted Sales of Kerosene

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    End Use: Total Residential Commercial Industrial Farm All Other Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: End Use Area 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History U.S. 269,010 305,508 187,656 81,102 79,674 137,928 1984-2014 East Coast (PADD 1) 198,762 237,397 142,189 63,075 61,327 106,995 1984-2014 New England (PADD 1A) 56,661 53,363 38,448 15,983 15,991 27,500 1984-2014 Connecticut 8,800 7,437

  8. Total quality management program planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, P.T.; Spence, K.

    1994-05-01

    As government funding grows scarce, competition between the national laboratories is increasing dramatically. In this era of tougher competition, there is no for resistance to change. There must instead be a uniform commitment to improving the overall quality of our products (research and technology) and an increased focus on our customers` needs. There has been an ongoing effort to bring the principles of total quality management (TQM) to all Energy Systems employees to help them better prepare for future changes while responding to the pressures on federal budgets. The need exists for instituting a vigorous program of education and training to an understanding of the techniques needed to improve and initiate a change in organizational culture. The TQM facilitator is responsible for educating the work force on the benefits of self-managed work teams, designing a program of instruction for implementation, and thus getting TQM off the ground at the worker and first-line supervisory levels so that the benefits can flow back up. This program plan presents a conceptual model for TQM in the form of a hot air balloon. In this model, there are numerous factors which can individually and collectively impede the progress of TQM within the division and the Laboratory. When these factors are addressed and corrected, the benefits of TQM become more visible. As this occurs, it is hoped that workers and management alike will grasp the ``total quality`` concept as an acceptable agent for change and continual improvement. TQM can then rise to the occasion and take its rightful place as an integral and valid step in the Laboratory`s formula for survival.

  9. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, D. R.

    2016-01-01

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System (ECOR) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility’s Southern Great Plains (SGP) site, North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site, first ARM Mobile Facility (AMF1), second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2), and third ARM Mobile Facility (AMF3) at Oliktok Point (OLI). A SEBS was also deployed with the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site, before it was decommissioned. Data from these sites, including the retired TWP, are available in the ARM Data Archive. The SEBS consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  10. Total-derivative supersymmetry breaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haba, Naoyuki; Uekusa, Nobuhiro

    2010-05-15

    On an interval compactification in supersymmetric theory, boundary conditions for bulk fields must be treated carefully. If they are taken arbitrarily following the requirement that a theory is supersymmetric, the conditions could give redundant constraints on the theory. We construct a supersymmetric action integral on an interval by introducing brane interactions with which total-derivative terms under the supersymmetry transformation become zero due to a cancellation. The variational principle leads equations of motion and also boundary conditions for bulk fields, which determine boundary values of bulk fields. By estimating mass spectrum, spontaneous supersymmetry breaking in this simple setup can be realized in a new framework. This supersymmetry breaking does not induce a massless R axion, which is favorable for phenomenology. It is worth noting that fermions in hyper-multiplet, gauge bosons, and the fifth-dimensional component of gauge bosons can have zero-modes (while the other components are all massive as Kaluza-Klein modes), which fits the gauge-Higgs unification scenarios.

  11. Isorropia Partitioning and Load Balancing Package

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2006-09-01

    Isorropia is a partitioning and load balancing package which interfaces with the Zoltan library. Isorropia can accept input objects such as matrices and matrix-graphs, and repartition/redistribute them into a better data distribution on parallel computers. Isorropia is primarily an interface package, utilizing graph and hypergraph partitioning algorithms that are in the Zoltan library which is a third-party library to Tilinos.

  12. Balanced pressure techniques applied to geothermal drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dareing, D.W.

    1981-08-01

    The objective of the study is to evaluate balanced pressure drilling techniques for use in combating lost circulation in geothermal drilling. Drilling techniques evaluated are: aerated drilling mud, parasite tubing, concentric drill pipe, jet sub, and low density fluids. Based on the present state of the art of balanced pressure drilling techniques, drilling with aerated water has the best overall balance of performance, risk, availability, and cost. Aerated water with a 19:1 free air/water ratio reduce maximum pressure unbalance between wellbore and formation pressures from 1000 psi to 50 psi. This pressure unbalance is within acceptable operating limits; however, air pockets could form and cause pressure surges in the mud system due to high percent of air. Low density fluids used with parasite tubing has the greatest potential for combating lost circulation in geothermal drilling, when performance only is considered. The top portion of the hole would be aerated through the parasite tube at a 10:1 free air/mud ratio and the low density mud could be designed so that its pressure gradient exactly matches the formation pore pressure gradient. The main problem with this system at present is the high cost of ceramic beads needed to produce low density muds.

  13. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

  14. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, Russell; Ludwig, Peter; Maurer, Tessa

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution, and controls. The imbalance leads to tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity, and inefficient building operation. This research, conducted by Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61°F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1°F to 15.5°F.

  15. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing...

  16. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 1,870 1,276...

  17. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Consumption Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  18. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 1,602 1,397...

  19. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings ... 2,037...

  20. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" ...

  1. ,"Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Exports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ... "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Exports" ...

  2. ,"New Mexico Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Total Consumption ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" ...

  3. ,"North Dakota Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data for" ,"Data 1","North Dakota Natural Gas Total Consumption ... 9:10:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Natural Gas Total Consumption ...

  4. ,"North Carolina Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data for" ,"Data 1","North Carolina Natural Gas Total Consumption ... 9:10:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Carolina Natural Gas Total Consumption ...

  5. TRANSFORMER FOR JOINING UNBALANCED TO BALANCED TRANSMISSION MEANS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bittner, B.J.; Opperman, R.H.

    1960-06-28

    An improved transformer is invented for joining an unbalanced transmission means to a balanced transmission means and is useful, for example, in transmitting an electromagnetic signal from a coaxial cable to a balanced dipole antenna.

  6. Fact #593: October 19, 2009 Petroleum Accounts for Nearly Half of the Total

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trade Deficit | Department of Energy 3: October 19, 2009 Petroleum Accounts for Nearly Half of the Total Trade Deficit Fact #593: October 19, 2009 Petroleum Accounts for Nearly Half of the Total Trade Deficit As recently as 2002, the petroleum trade balance accounted for less than 20% of the total U.S. goods trade deficit. In 2008, however, petroleum accounted for 45% of the trade deficit. However, as petroleum's share of the deficit grew, the deficit for vehicles, engines and parts went

  7. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Balancing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) | Department of Energy Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) In multifamily building hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water

  8. " Level: National Data and Regional Totals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... by" "petroleum refineries, rather than purchased ... ,,"Total United States" ,"RSE Column ... 324,"Petroleum and Coal ...

  9. Safeguard Application Options for the Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laughter, Mark D

    2008-10-01

    Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are developing a Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS) for advanced safeguards at nuclear facilities. LBIMS uses a low-power laser transceiver to monitor the presence and position of items with retroreflective tags. The primary advantages of LBIMS are its scalability to continuously monitor a wide range of items, its ability to operate unattended, its low cost of implementation, and its inherent information security due to its line-of-sight and non-broadcasting operation. The primary proposed safeguard application of LBIMS is described in its name: item monitoring. LBIMS could be implemented in a storage area to continuously monitor containers of nuclear material and the area in which they are stored. The system could be configured to provide off-site notification if any of the containers are moved or removed or if the area is accessed. Individual tags would be used to monitor storage containers, and additional tags could be used to record information regarding secondary storage units and room access. The capability to register small changes in tag position opens up the possibility of several other uses. These include continuously monitoring piping arrangements for design information verification or recording equipment positions for other safeguards systems, such as tracking the opening and closing of autoclaves as part of a cylinder tracking system or opening and closing valves on a sample or product take-off line. Combined with attribute tags, which transmit information from any kind of sensor by modulating the laser signal, LBIMS provides the capability to wirelessly and securely collect safeguards data, even in areas where radio-frequency or other wireless communication methods are not practicable. Four application types are described in this report: static item monitoring, in-process item monitoring with trigger tags, multi-layered integration with trigger tags, and line-of-sight data transfer with

  10. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

    1997-07-01

    Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

  11. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Zheng; Lai, Jih-Sheng

    1997-01-01

    A voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means.

  12. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-23

    The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  13. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, D. R.

    2016-01-01

    The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  14. Rotary engine cooling system with flow balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, C.

    1987-05-12

    This patent describes a rotary internal combustion engine having a trochoid rotor housing section and having a group of cooling passages extending through a top-dead-center (TDC) region. The engine is characterized by: at least one passage of the group following a curved path which extends through a first hotter portion of the TDC region, by at least one further passage of the group following a substantially uncurved path through a second cooler portion of the TDC region, and by a fluid restriction for restricting fluid flow through the at least one further passage to balance coolant flow between the passages.

  15. Heat Balance Study for Submersible Mixer Pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.Y.

    2003-07-21

    A transient heat balance model was developed to assess the impact of a Submersible Mixer Pump (SMP) on waste temperature during the process of waste mixing and removal for the Type-I SRS tanks. The model results will be mainly used to determine the SMP design impacts on the waste tank temperature during operations and to develop a specification for a new SMP design to replace existing long-shaft mixer pumps used during waste removal. The model will also be used to provide input to the operation planning. This planning will be used as input to pump run duration in order to maintain temperature requirements within the tank during SMP operation.

  16. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M.

    2001-01-01

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  17. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N.; Hudyma, Russell M.; Shafer, David R.; Sweeney, Donald W.

    1999-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  18. The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944 - 2009

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Rocky Flats Site 1995 Rocky Flats Site 2005 Rocky Flats Site 1995 The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944 - 2009 An update of Plutonium: The First 50 Years, DOE/DP-0137, February 1996 June 2012 ii Preface This report updates Plutonium: The first 50 years which was released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1996. The topic of both reports is plutonium, sometimes referred to as Pu-239, which is capable of sustaining a nuclear chain reaction and is used in nuclear weapons and for nuclear

  19. HLW flowsheet material balance for DWPF rad operation with Tank 51 sludge and ITP Cycle 1 precipitate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, A.S.

    1995-04-19

    This document presents the details of the Savannah River Plant Flowsheet for the Rad Operation with Tank Sludge and ITP Cycle 1 Precipitate. Topics discussed include: material balance; radiolysis chemistry of tank precipitates; algorithm for ESP washing; chemistry of hydrogen and ammonia generation in CPC; batch sizes for processing feed; and total throughput of a streams during one cycle of operation.

  20. Strike a balance with flexible working arrangements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, Alison L.

    2012-12-15

    Monthly Economic Diversity column for the Tri-City Herald - Topic: Telworking - Excerpt below: As the holiday season kicks into high gear, work-life balance is on many of our minds. How can I meet all of my work commitments this month when no one will be in the office, and still strategically use very little vacation time to stretch the holiday break from four days to fourteen? Am I right? I think most all of us want to stay engaged with our professional lives while maintaining the freedom to prioritize our personal lives. And many employers have come up with ways to help us achieve that balance. Teleworking is not a brand new concept, but is certainly gaining steam as employers and employees alike try to find ways to meet a variety of wants and needs. There are benefits to both sides when it comes to offering flexible working arrangements such as teleworking. For businesses attempting to meet sustainability targets by reducing employee commuting and associated impacts to energy and environment, the benefits of this option can really add up.

  1. Certification of Completion of Item 2 of ASC FY07 Level-2 Milestone ID #2380

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipari, D A

    2007-03-28

    This report documents the completion of Item 2 of the three milestone deliverables that comprise Milestone ID 2380: Deploy selected Tri-Lab resource manager at LLNL and develop support model. Specifically: LLNL will integrate and support a commercial resource manager software product at LLNL to be used across the tri-lab HPC facilities.

  2. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Tables Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 634 578 46 1 Q 116.4 106.3...

  3. Total System Performance Assessment Peer Review Panel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Peer Review Panel for predicting the performance of a repository at Yucca Mountain.

  4. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Alaska - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Residential: Electric Power: Commercial: Total Delivered: Table S2. Summary statistics for natural gas - Alaska, 2010-2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Number of Producing Gas Wells at End of Year 269 277 185 R 159 170 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells 127,417 112,268

  5. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 District of Columbia - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Residential: Electric Power: Commercial: Total Delivered: Table S9. Summary statistics for natural gas - District of Columbia, 2010-2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Number of Producing Gas Wells at End of Year 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells

  6. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Indiana - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Residential: Electric Power: Commercial: Total Delivered: Table S16. Summary statistics for natural gas - Indiana, 2010-2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Number of Producing Gas Wells at End of Year 620 914 819 R 921 895 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells 6,802 9,075

  7. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Massachusetts - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Residential: Electric Power: Commercial: Total Delivered: Table S23. Summary statistics for natural gas - Massachusetts, 2010-2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Number of Producing Gas Wells at End of Year 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0

  8. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Nebraska - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Residential: Electric Power: Commercial: Total Delivered: Table S29. Summary statistics for natural gas - Nebraska, 2010-2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Number of Producing Gas Wells at End of Year 276 322 270 R 357 310 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells 2,092 1,854

  9. Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    50 North Dakota - Natural Gas 2014 Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Million Cu. Feet Percent of National Total Total Net Movements: - Industrial: Dry Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Residential: Electric Power: Commercial: Total Delivered: Table S36. Summary statistics for natural gas - North Dakota, 2010-2014 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Number of Producing Gas Wells at End of Year 188 239 211 200 200 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells

  10. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Ke Xu, UC Berkeley Title: Super-Resolution Fluorescence Microscopy: New Biology Revealed by Sub-10 nm Resolution Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Call for Proposals The Molecular Foundry user program gives researchers access to expertise and equipment for cutting-edge nanoscience in a collaborative, multidisciplinary environment. The program is open to scientists from academia, industry, and research institutes worldwide. Access is obtained through a brief, peer-reviewed proposal with no charge for users who intend to publish their results. There are two calls for standard proposals each year, with deadlines of March 31 and September 30.

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Stanley Love, NASA Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Near-Earth Asteroids: Stepping Stones to an Interplanetary Civilization Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Most asteroids orbit the Sun beyond the orbit of Mars and never come near the Earth. But ongoing searches are finding thousands of new asteroids whose orbits approach, and sometimes even intersect, that of the Earth. In this presentation, NASA astronaut and planetary scientist Dr. Stan

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    0, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jennifer Dionne, Stanford University Title: One Photon, Two Photons, Red Photon, Blue photon: Upconverters for Efficient Solar Harvesting and Biological Force Sensing Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Jen's research develops new nano and optical materials for applications ranging from high-efficiency energy conversion and storage to bioimaging and manipulation. This research has led to demonstration of negative refraction at visible wavelengths, development

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christopher Dames, UC Berkeley Title: Heat Transfer in Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Various physical phenomena cause the properties of nanostructures to differ from their bulk counterparts. These phenomena affect how nanostructures transport, store, convert,and dissipate energy. This is important for a broad range of energy applications including thermoelectrics, photovoltaics, hydrogen storage, and thermal management of microelectronics.

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Luis Campos, Columbia University Title: Thiophene Rust in Single-Molecule Electronics and Singlet Fission Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The combination of Barbarella's pioneering work on thiophene-1,1-dioxide (TDO) coupled with the development of Rozen's reagent has allowed us to engineer materials for organic electronics. The controlled chemical oxidation of thiophene engages the lone- pair electrons in sulfur to bond with oxygen, generating TDO, a

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    1, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Paul Voyles, University of Wisconsin-Madison Title: Solving Structurally Complex Materials Using Methods from Image Science and Optimization Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Crystallography offers tremendously powerful approaches based on diffraction for solving structures with translation symmetry and a limited number of degrees of freedom. Nanostructures with a large fraction of surface atoms and glasses have much higher structural complexity - up to 3N

  17. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    18, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Hagan, Brandeis University Title: Unexpected Ordered Phases in Active Matter Systems Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Active matter describes systems whose constituent elements consume energy to generate motion. I will describe computer simulations of two recently developed active matter systems, and unexpected ordered phases that arise as a consequence of activity in these systems. (1) Self-propelled colloids with repulsive interactions and no

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ulrike Wegst, Dartmouth College Title: The Science and Art of Freeze Casting: From Ice Crystal Nucleation and Growth to Biomedical and Energy Materials, and Edibles Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Ulrike Wegst studied physics at the University of Göttingen in Germany and received her Ph.D. in Engineering from the University of Cambridge in 1997 for analysis of the mechanical performance of natural materials. She worked on the CES Eco-Selector software

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Bryan Huey, University of Connecticut Title: Nanoscale Investigations of Solar Cell Performance Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Associate Professor Bryan Huey's research group develops and applies novel variations of Atomic Force Microscopy. Research projects include: Tomographic AFM Switching dynamics in ferroelectric and multiferroic materials. Piezoactuation of novel Piezoelectrics. In-situ imaging of Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems Nanoscale

  20. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  1. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    List 3010 INSITU 80+ Reactive Ion Etcher (tool referred to as the RIE by nanofab staff) AAPPTec Apex 396 Peptide Synthesizer AB Sciex TF4800 MALDI-TOF-TOF - Ideal for small molecules and (bio)polymers between 500 and 150,000 Da molecular weights ABM optical contact printer Agilent (Molecular Imaging) PicoPlus Scanning Probe Microscope Agilent 1100 series (ion trap) LC-MS-MS Mass spectrometer Agilent 1100 Series Agilent 1200 nanoHPLC System Agilent 1260 Infinity Agilent analytical HPLC Agilent

  2. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  3. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Discuss Recent Successes and Future Plans at Scientific Retreat On November 14, all Foundry scientific and technical staff assembled for a full day meeting to review the organization's research themes, identify areas of investment, and discuss strategies to expand the impact of the organization. The event built on recent planning activities such as the creation of the strategic plan and looked forward towards activities such as the DOE Budget Review in February. Research theme discussions

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    Foundry Winter Seminar Series Begins February 3 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

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    Precision Growth of Light-emitting Nanowires A novel approach to growing nanowires promises a new means of control over their light-emitting and electronic properties. In a recent issue of Nano Letters, scientists from the Molecular Foundry demonstrated a new growth technique that uses specially engineered catalysts. These catalysts, which are precursors to growing the nanowires, have given scientists more options than ever in turning the color of light-emitting nanowires. The new approach could

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    Bacterial Armor Holds Clues for Self-Assembling Nanostructures Many bacteria and archaea encase themselves within a self-assembling protective shell of S-layer proteins, like chainmail armor. A multidisciplinary team of Molecular Foundry researchers have uncovered key details in this natural process that can be used for the self-assembly of nanomaterials into complex two- and three-dimensional structures. Caroline Ajo-Franklin from the Foundry's Biological Nanostructures Facility led the study

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    Research Could Lead to More Efficient Electrical Energy Storage Working with the Molecular Foundry's David Prendergast, as well as researchers at the Advanced Light Source, users from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have identified electrical charge-induced changes in the structure and bonding of graphitic carbon electrodes that may one day improve the way energy is stored in electrical energy storage systems, such as batteries and supercapacitors. The team developed a new X-ray

  8. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE Deputy Secretary Visits the Molecular Foundry New Deputy Secretary Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall met with Foundry scientists and visited several labs during her visit to LBL on Tuesday, March 24. Sherwood-Randall joined the Department of Energy last October and is responsible for management of the Department and execution of the Administration's highest priority energy initiatives. During her time at the Foundry, she learned about the vital role the Molecular Foundry plays in the discovery and

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    Nanosheets Need Only Water, Sunlight To React Manganese (Mn) oxides are some of the most redox reactive minerals in natural waters, with a strong tendency to grab electrons from organic molecules, thereby breaking down natural organic matter into carbon dioxide. Working at the Molecular Foundry and the ALS, researchers used the ultrafast spectroscopy facilities to develop a new mechanism for the photoreduction of birnessite that considered electronic and structural transitions that occurred on

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundry Spring/Summer Seminar Series Begins May 19

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    Using Robots To Assemble Promising Antimicrobial Compounds There's an urgent demand for new antimicrobial compounds that are effective against constantly emerging drug-resistant bacteria. Two robotic chemical-synthesizing machines, named Symphony X and Overture, have joined the search. Their specialty is creating custom nanoscale structures that mimic nature's proven designs. They're also fast, able to assemble dozens of compounds at a time. The machines are located in a laboratory on the fifth

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    Berkley Lab Profiles the Molecular Foundry's Rita Garcia for Pride Month Rita Garcia considers herself "one of the lucky ones" in that she doesn't have a particularly dramatic coming-out story-at her small, private, liberal arts college it just wasn't a big deal. Still, she marvels at how far social norms have changed since those days. "Since I came out in college, so much has changed," Garcia says. "We are expecting the U.S. Supreme Court to rule by the end of June 2015

  13. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Most Singular Nano-Imaging Technique A multi-institutional team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has developed a new technique called "SINGLE" that provides the first atomic-scale images of colloidal nanoparticles. SINGLE, which stands for 3D Structure Identification of Nanoparticles by Graphene Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy, has been used to separately reconstruct the 3D structures of two individual platinum nanoparticles in solution. "Understanding structural

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundry Research Selected as One of Berkeley Lab's 10 Science Solutions that are "On the Way" Berkeley Lab has updated its "On the Way" list, which showcases ten research projects or technologies that are either starting up, moving along, or getting ready to deliver. The list first rolled out last year, and is intended to highlight how today's science could lead to the solutions and discoveries of tomorrow. This year's edition of the list included the Foundry's Caroline

  15. News Item

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    User Work Featured on Cover of Energy & Environmental Science

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    5 Surprising Discoveries about 2D Molybdenum Disulfide Scientists at the Molecular Foundry have used a unique nano-optical probe to study the effects of illumination on two-dimensional semiconductors at the molecular level. The team used the "Campanile" probe they developed to make some surprising discoveries about molybdenum disulfide, a member of a family of semiconductors, called "transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), whose optoelectronic properties hold great promise for

  17. News Item

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    Foundry Fall Seminar Series Begins September 15 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

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    Molecular Foundry User Meeting: A Macroscopic View of Nanoscience A US Department of Energy (DOE) user facility such as the Molecular Foundry provides perhaps one of the best examples of a community in which scientists from a range of disciplines have the opportunity to forge connections. The Foundry's User Meeting, held at Berkeley Lab from August 20-21, offered a glimpse into the diverse fields supported by the facility, and how these fields can converge at the nanoscale. Over 300 present and

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    Defects Through the Looking Glass Observing individual nanoscale defects in bulk insulators, a ubiquitous and essential component to almost all devices, has remained elusive: it's far easier to image the detailed electrical structure of conductors than insulators. Now, researchers at Berkeley Lab using the Molecular Foundry have demonstrated a new method that can be applied to study individual defects in a widely used bulk insulating material, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), by employing

  20. News Item

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    A Different Type of 2D Semiconductor To the growing list of two-dimensional semiconductors, such as graphene, boron nitride, and molybdenum disulfide, whose unique electronic properties make them potential successors to silicon in future devices, you can now add hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites. However, unlike the other contenders, which are covalent semiconductors, these 2D hybrid perovskites are ionic materials, which gives them special properties of their own. A team of Berkeley Lab

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    Newly Discovered 'Design Rule' Brings Nature-Inspired Nanostructures One Step Closer Scientists aspire to build nanostructures that mimic the complexity and function of nature's proteins, but are made of durable and synthetic materials. These microscopic widgets could be customized into incredibly sensitive chemical detectors or long-lasting catalysts, to name a few possible applications. But as with any craft that requires extreme precision, researchers must first learn how to finesse the

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    Berkeley Lab Awarded $8 Million for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research With commitments from leading car and stationary-power manufacturers to hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and the first ever fuel cell electric vehicle to go on sale later this year, interest is once again swelling in this carbon-free technology. Now, thanks to several new projects from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office, scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will

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    PIMs May Be the Cup of Choice for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Lithium-sulfur batteries, which store electrical energy by transferring electrons to or from a sulfur electrodeare well poised to provide high-density, long-term and low-cost electrochemical energy storage. The potential of lithium-sulfur batteries, has yet to be fully realized, however, due to the uncontrolled migration of soluble sulfur species through the membrane that separates the electrodes. This crossover of polysulfides reduces

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    The Molecular Foundry Goes to Capitol Hill On October 27, Director Jeff Neaton and two Molecular Foundry users led a group to Washington D.C. to educate key members of Congress and staff about advances in nanoscience and the research opportunities presented by user facilities. Ambika Bumb, CEO and Founder of Bikanta, described her company's efforts at the Foundry to synthesize and characterize nanodiamonds for cancer detection. Chris Regan from UCLA spoke about his collaborations with the

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    Battery Mystery Solved: Atomic-Resolution Microscopy Answers Longstanding Questions About Lithium-Rich Cathode Material Using complementary microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, researchers at the Molecular Foundry say they have solved the structure of lithium- and manganese-rich transition metal oxides, a potentially game-changing battery material and the subject of intense debate in the decade since it was discovered. Researchers have been divided into three schools of thought on the

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    Scientist and Two Users Win 2015 R&D 100 Awards Presented by R&D Magazine, the R&D 100 Awards recognize the year's top 100 technology products from industry, academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. The Molecular Foundry's Stefano Cabrini, in collaboration with ALS researchers and Foundry users from ABeam Technologies, won for their "Binary Pseudo-Random Calibration Tool." In addition, two Berkeley Lab

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    Staff Discuss Promising Future at All Day Retreat On November 13, Molecular Foundry staff gathered at the UC Berkeley Faculty Club for a full day scientific retreat. The meeting aimed to identify collaborative research opportunities and formulate new initiatives with the goal of expanding the impact of the Foundry's research and the center's ability to facilitate user-driven projects. The morning session was spent discussing the recently launched Theme Postdoc Program. Intended to better

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    Foundry User, X-Therma, Wins Patrick Soon-Shiong Innovation Award Molecular Foundry industrial user, X-Therma, was one of five recipients of the Patrick Soon-Shiong Innovation Award presented by Dr. Patrick Soon-Shiong, the Biotech/Pharma tycoon, and LA Business Journal. The award recognizes five new innovations that will have a significant and wide impact on society and industry. Working with the Foundry's Ron Zuckermann, X-Therma scientists led by Xiaoxi Wei are developing a radical new

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    Spring/Summer Seminar Series Begins May 3 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Making Smart Windows Even Smarter Nanocrystals of indium tin oxide (shown here in blue) embedded in a glassy matrix of niobium oxide (green) form a composite material that can switch between NIR-transmitting and NIR-blocking states with a small jolt of electricity. A synergistic interaction in the region where glassy matrix meets nanocrystal increases the potency of the electrochromic effect. Scientific Achievement Researchers have created a thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass that

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    3 Self-assembled Single-layer 2D Frameworks In the presence of macrocycle rings, rigid triangular struts are jointed and self-assemble in solution to create a supramolecular organic framework (SOF). Each strut contains functional units that resist stacking and results in single-layer 2D structures. Scientific Achievement Foundry Users have created the first 2D supramolecular organic framework (SOF) with honeycomb periodicity using a novel solution-based self-assembly approach. Significance and

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    Enhancing Thermal Transport of Carbon Nanotubes Organic molecules terminated by amine groups are bound to aluminum or gold surfaces. CNT arrays are treated to generate carboxylate polar groups that covalently bond with these amines, greatly increasing the system's thermal conductivity. This development can lead to practical integration of aligned CNT arrays for thermal management in microelectronic devices, which require more efficient heat transfer. Scientific Achievement In a User project with

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    Optimized Nanocrystals for Single-Molecule Imaging Upconverting lanthanide-doped nanocrystals, with near infrared excitation and visible light emission. Inset: Single-particle comparison of new (yellow circle) and old (blue circle) UCNP compositions, by confocal microscopy. Images were collected at increasing excitation powers, showing new compositions are poor emitters in ensemble imaging conditions but surpass the best previous compositions in single molecule conditions. Scientific Achievement

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    Monolayer Behavior Retained in Bulk Semiconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Comparison of the structure of ReS2 with the conventional structure of sTMDs such as MoS2 from the side (top panels) and top (bottom panels). Scientific Achievement Users at the Molecular Foundry have discovered a new member of the transition metal dichalcogenides (sTMD) family, rhenium disulphide (ReS2), in which the bulk behaves as electronically and vibrationally decoupled monolayers. Significance and Impact

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    Efficient Conversion of Carbon Monoxide to Liquid Fuel Electron microscopy images of copper electrodes at various magnifications. Top row: the copper nanoparticle electrode. Middle and bottom row: OD-Cu electrodes created using two different methods to vary the material properties. Scientific Achievement A multidisciplinary team of users at the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) created copper-derived electrocatalysts that efficiently produce appreciable amounts of ethanol from

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    Nanocrystal Simulation Verified by the Discovery of Predicted Hydroxyl Ions Calculated atomic structure of a 5 nm diameter nanocrystal passivated with oleate and hydroxyl ligands. Inset: High-resolution TEM images of the synthesized PbS-NC with enlarged views of selected nanocrystals Scientific Achievement A research team that included Molecular Foundry staff recently reported an atomic level simulation of semiconducting nanocrystals that provide a new understanding of the precise atomic

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    Chemically Amplified Molecular Photoresist for High-Resolution Lithography Schematic of photo-catalyzed cross-linking in resist by addition of low and high concentrations of cross-linker. CD-SEM images of negative resists with and without cross-linker. The new resist shows both higher resolution and lower edge roughness. Scientific Achievement Users from Intel collaborated with staff from the Molecular Foundry and the ALS to create a new approach to photoresist that achieves both high-resolution

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    4 Carbon Nanotube Porins Mimic Biological Channels Top: Schematic showing CNT porin preparation and incorporation into liposomes. Bottom: Representative conductance traces for CNT porin incorporation and gating Scientific Achievement Users of the Molecular Foundry have demonstrated that short carbon nanotubes (CNTs) insert into cell membranes and transport molecules like biological membrane channels Significance and Impact The use of CNTs "porins" are a promising biomimetic platform

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    4 Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes Revealed Schematic of the electrochemical cell - a silicon nitride (Si3N4) membrane separates the liquid from vacuum region of the x-ray source; a 20nm thin-film gold electrode is deposited on liquid side of the membrane. Detection of x-ray absorption is via fluorescence emission on the vacuum side or electron emission at the gold electrode. Scientific Achievement A team utilizing three Berkeley Lab user facilities have developed a method to look

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    Switchable Control of Nanowire Growth SEM images of GaN nanowire arrays illustrating their growth orientations with respect to the GaN crystal structure Scientific Achievement A team of multidisciplinary researchers at the Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry used catalyst composition to control the crystallographic growth of GaN nanowires Significance and Impact Manipulating GaN nanostructures offers the ability to custom design bulk material properties in unique ways, potentially leading to new

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    Enhanced Water Vapor Blocking for Solar Cells Illustration of self-assembling organic-inorganic composite material blocking water vapor transmission while remaining optically transparent, as shown in the lower image. Scientific Achievement Working through DOE's Bay Area Photovoltaic Consortium, researchers at the Molecular Foundry created an optically transparent composite that improves water vapor blocking by 3000 times. Significance and Impact Corrosion of solar cell electrical contacts by

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    Mapping Temperature at the Nanoscale A beam of electrons probes an electric circuit and tracks where heat is produced and how it dissipates with nanometer accuracy. Scientific Achievement A team of users and staff working at the Molecular Foundry have created a thermal imaging technique that can "see" how temperature changes from point to point inside the smallest electronic circuits. Significance and Impact Modern microelectronic circuits contain billions of nanometer-scale

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    Viable Single-Molecule Diodes Scientific Achievement Benefiting from the Molecular Foundry's expertise in the theory of molecular scale transport, Foundry users have designed a new technique to create single-molecule diodes that perform 50 times better than all prior designs. Significance and Impact Individual molecules represent the gold standard for electronics miniaturization, which leads to improved performance, greater utility and lower costs. Research Details A diode is a fundamental

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    Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging CLAIRE imaging chip consists of a YAlO3:Ce scintillator film supported by LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 buffer layers and a Si frame. Al nanostructures embedded in SiO2 are positioned below and directly against the scintillator film. ProTEK B3 serves as a protective layer for etching. Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry's imaging capabilities, users have developed a technique, called 'CLAIRE', that allows the resolution of electron microscopy to be used for

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    New Technique for Imaging Surface and Bulk Atoms Scientific Achievement A team of users and staff at the Molecular Foundry developed a new analytic technique able to image the atoms that make up a material's surface at the same time as those in the bulk. Significance and Impact The atomic structure of a surface is often very different from the bulk material, and controls the majority of chemical properties at the nanoscale including catalysis and corrosion. Research Details Scanning electron

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    Evaluating Electronic Structure in Aluminum Molecules and Materials Scientific Achievement Research at UC Berkeley and LBNL has addressed challenges in the measurement and interpretation of aluminum K-edge XAS, and shown that it provides new insight into structure-reactivity relationships. Significance and Impact Aluminum molecules, materials, and alloys are essential components in many emerging processes for energy generation, conversion, and storage. This synthetic, spectroscopic, and

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    3D Structure of Inorganic Nanocrystals in Solution by Transmission Electron Microscopy Scientific Achievement Measured the locations of all of the atoms in colloidal nanocrystals for the first time, with resolution of 2.15 Å. Significance and Impact Nanocrystals are a fundamental building block of nanoscience, yet until now we have only known the average positions of atom within them. This will enable scientists to control nanocrystals which are used in solar cells, batteries, displays,

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    Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff worked with users to discover a new design rule that controls the way in which polymers adjoin to form the backbones that run the length of biomimetic nanosheets. Significance and Impact Understanding the rules that govern self-assembly could be used to piece together complex nanosheet structures and other peptoid assemblies such as nanotubes and crystalline solids. Research Details Scientists aspire to

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    Controlled Porous Membranes for Better Batteries Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff and users have combined to develop membranes for lithium-sulfur batteries made from polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) that are 500 times more effective than conventional membranes. Significance and Impact Lithium-sulfur batteries are well poised to provide high-density, long-term and low-cost electrochemical energy storage but current designs have limited efficiency and lifetimes due to the

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    any etching steps. The method combines the advantages of top-down (NIL) and bottom-up (sol-gel chemistry) approaches. After annealing at high temperatures, the photonic...

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    for general use - 30 Gatan 652-Ta double tilt heating holder 23C-1000C 3030 Gatan 636-DH low background liquid nitrogen cooling holder -170C 23C 3030...

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    Facility at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry; Dr. Adam Rondinone, Task Leader for Catalysis and Industrial Liaison at Oak Ridge National Lab's Center for Nanophase Materials...

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    Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon An international team of physicists and chemists has, for the first time, taken snapshots of band-gap jumping electrons in silicon...

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    Beyond fluorescence. Nature 467, 407-408. 3. Ostrowski, A.D., Chan, E.M., Gargas, D.J., Katz, E.M., Han, G., Schuck, P.J., Milliron, D.J., & Cohen, B.E. (2012) Controlled synthesis...

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    They are generally strong light absorbers and have potential applications in solar energy harvesting. My research group is focused on the relationships between photophysics and ...

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    Enhanced CO2 Capture in Metal-Organic Frameworks CO2 binding in BTT-type metal-organic framework: the highly porous MOF structure and, inset, detail of the CO2 binding site ...

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    The research team focused on creating a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that serves as a catalyst able to selectively turn them into alcohols, like ethanol, which is much easier ...

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    Computational Design of a New MOF for N2CH4 Separations An open vanadium(II) site incorporated into a metal-organic framework is predicted to lead to a considerably higher ...

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    An Inside Look at MOFs A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal-organic framework (MOF) as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the ...

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    of Individual Atoms Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry's TEAM I microscope, an international collaboration of users and staff measured the 3D coordinates of...

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    be. Now, users from UCLA have partnered with Molecular Foundry staff to use the TEAM microscope to image the three-dimensional positions of individual atoms to a precision of 19...

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    Milliron wins ARPA-E Grant Awards to Advance Energy Efficiency and Storage In the recently ... of the Molecular Foundry received a grant of 3 million for her work on smart window ...

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    is happening. Deirdre Olynick -- staff scientist at the Molecular Foundry Dula Parkinson -- beamline scientist at the Advanced Light Source Jim Ciston -- senior staff...

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    projects; working with scientific staff to reach out to and grow new diverse, engaged and productive User communities; liaising with User Executive Committee leadership; and...

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    Since a diode acts as an electricity valve, its structure needs to be asymmetric so that electricity flowing in one direction experiences a different environment than electricity ...

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    relax. Materials Science Division researcher Haimei Zheng, the Molecular Foundry's Stephen Whitelam, and colleagues have imaged iron-platinum nanoparticle forming from...

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    Steve Chu, as well as Chris Murray from the University of Pennsylvania and David B. Williams from The Ohio State University who both gave keynote talks. The meeting also featured...

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    microscopy for decades, well known for their advancements in materials science, electron detector development and structural biology respectively, making the Lab a global center...

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    flexible, scaled, physical model of a polypeptide chain, which accurately reproduces the bond rotational degrees of freedom in the peptide backbone. Significance and Impact The...

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    The central nervous system relies on electrical signals traveling along neurons and ... Recent structural and biophysical studies of the protein machinery for synaptic vesicle ...

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    "This ARPA-E award is an enormous opportunity for Alveo." says Colin Wessells, CEO and lead researcher for Alveo Energy. "It will allow us to rapidly push our battery technology ...

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    19, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Michael Hecht, Princeton University Title: Sustaining Life with Genes and Proteins Designed De Novo Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Michael Hecht was born and grew up in midtown Manhattan. He received his BA in Chemistry from Cornell University, where he did undergraduate research on protein folding with Prof. Harold Scheraga. He completed his Ph.D. in Biology at MIT, where he received the first Ph.D. from Prof. Bob Sauer's lab, and did research on protein

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    26, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Igal Brener, Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT), Sandia-Los Alamos National Laboratories Title: Active Dielectric and Metallic Metasurfaces: Strong Coupling, Tuning and Nonlinearities Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Metasurfaces (2D arrays of metamaterial resonators) can be designed to exhibit strong electromagnetic resonances that can couple efficiently to emitters and a variety of excitations in semiconductors and their heterostructures. For

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Sarah Burke, University of British Columbia Title: Electronic Landscapes of Molecular Nanostructures: Mapping States for Charge Transfer with Pixel-by-Pixel Scanning Tunnelling Spectroscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: My research career has centred around the use of Scanning Probe Microscopy techniques to learn about materials from a nanoscale view. My early research opportunities as an undergraduate at Dalhousie University exposed me to UHV STM manipulation

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    9, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Oleg Prezhdo, USC Title: Quantum Dots - Artificial Atoms, Large Molecules or Small Pieces of Bulk? Insights from Time-Domain Ab Initio Studies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Quantum dots (QD) are quasi-zero dimensional structures with a unique combination of solid-state and atom-like properties. Unlike bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. Often, the bulk and molecular viewpoints contradict

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Will Dichtel, Cornell University Title: Noncovalent Binding and Dynamic Bonding in Crosslinked Polymer Networks Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Crosslinked polymers with permanent porosity provide empty spaces that facilitate valuable functions, including host-guest chemistry. For example, insoluble polymers of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), an inexpensive, sustainably produced macrocycle of glucose, are of interest to remove micropollutants from water by means

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jean-Luc Bredas, KAUST Title: On the Nature of Polymer/Fullerene Intermolecular Interactions and their Impact on the Performance of Organic Solar Cells Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In this presentation, we seek to provide a rationalization of the impact that inter-molecular arrangements and interactions at the polymer/fullerene interfaces have on the performance of bulk-heterojunction solar cells. We discuss the results of combined electronic-structure

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    0, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Frank van Veggel, University of Victoria Title: On the Optical and Magnetic Properties of Ln3+ Based Nanoparticles for Bio-Imaging Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: One of our main research thrusts in the field of colloidal nanomaterials and their applications is based on the trivalent lanthanide ions, which have unique optical and magnetic properties. We cover the range from synthesis and characterisation to (in vivo) applications, with a recent focus on

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    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christopher Kemper Ober, Cornell University Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Fifty Years of Moore's Law - Towards Fabrication at Molecular Dimensions Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: In the last half century, critical dimensions in electronic devices have been reduced from micrometers to a few tens of nanometers on a pace that has been consistent for decades. Lithography now touches many areas of science ranging from electronics to biology and

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ondrej Krivanek, Nion Title: Atomic-Resolution and Vibrational Studies of Materials by Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopes (AC-STEMs) are able to form electron probes as small as 0.5 Å in diameter, and they can image and spectroscopically analyze single atoms in-situ. NCEM and Nion have pioneered many of these advances. Nion's main

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    1, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Donglin Jiang, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Title: Covalent Organic Frameworks: Opportunities and Challenges Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Two-dimensional covalent polymers and organic frameworks are a class of crystalline polymers that enable the incorporation of organic building blocks into periodically aligned primary and high-order structures. In recent years, we have explored the design principle, synthetic reactions,

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    June 9, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ozgur Sahin, Columbia University Title: Microbe-Powered Machines: Harnessing Water Confinement in Biological Nanostructures Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Plants and many other biological organisms have developed structures that are extraordinarily effective in harnessing spatial and temporal changes in relative humidity to actuate structural changes. It is surprising that structures and devices made by humans rarely, if ever, take advantage of this

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Anne Milasincic Andrews, UCLA Title: Chemical Neurotransmission and Functional Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Numerous small molecules including amino acids, amino acid derivatives, and peptides have been identified as chemical neurotransmitters. Neuronal cells using different neurotransmitters have spatially distinct patterns that translate into highly heterogeneous chemistries in brain extracellular microenvironments. Accordingly,

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    8, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Mills, The Ohio State University Title: Revealing the Mechanisms of Deformation in Structural Materials Using Advanced Characterization Techniques Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The international initiative on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering holds great promise for accelerating the insertion of new materials in high performance structural applications. Achieving this aim relies upon the fidelity of materials models and their ability to

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    Updated Strategic Plan Available The Molecular Foundry's five-year strategic plan has been updated to reflect recent hires, acquisitions and programs. The plan is designed to provide a framework that guides Foundry-wide initiatives and priorities. The new plan builds off of the thorough planning activities of 2014 and now includes updates that reflect continuous dialogue with each of our many stakeholder groups, as well as planning activities such as the Foundry's Scientific Retreat (November

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    User Advocates for a New Era of Federal Funding for Nanoscience Ambika Bumb, CEO of Bikanta, published an Op-Ed in TechCrunch describing the benefits of federal investments in basic nanoscience research like those that support the Molecular Foundry. Dr. Bumb and her colleagues have used the Foundry to make and characterize her company's unique nanodiamonds for cancer detection and treatment. In her article, she takes a personal and national look at the technical and economic benefits tied to the

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    2D Islands in Graphene Hold Promise for Future Device Fabrication In what could prove to be a significant advance in the fabrication of graphene-based nanodevices, a team of Molecular Foundry users has discovered a new mechanism for assembling two-dimensional (2D) molecular "islands" that could be used to modify graphene at the nanometer scale. Graphene is a sheet of pure carbon just one atom thick through which electrons speed 100 times faster than they move through silicon. Graphene

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    Winter Seminar Series Begins January 19 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Research Team Creates a High-efficiency Solar Cell in 7 Steps An international team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design. Arrays of solar cells are used in solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity. The special blend of materials-which could also prove useful in semiconductor components-eliminates the need for a process known as doping that steers the

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    Molecular Foundry and ALS Users, aBeam Technologies, Make Metrology History Through a collaboration with two Berkeley Lab user facilities - the Molecular Foundry and ALS - as well as two other national labs, a small Bay Area company has made big news in the semiconductor world. Modern electronics are getting smaller and smaller, which means the demands on semiconductor manufacturers are increasing. To ensure the quality and consistency of substrates, wafer manufacturers employ metrology tools to

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    Polar Vortices Observed in Ferroelectric The observation in a ferroelectric material of "polar vortices" that appear to be the electrical cousins of magnetic skyrmions holds intriguing possibilities for advanced electronic devices. These polar vortices, which were theoretically predicted more than a decade ago, could also "rewrite our basic understanding of ferroelectrics" according to the researchers who observed them. A team of Molecular Foundry users and staff have

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    Spectroscopy of Supercapacitor Electrodes In Operando Future technology will require energy storage systems that have much larger storage capability, rapid charge/discharge cycling, and improved endurance. Progress in these areas demands a more complete understanding of the processes involved in energy storage, from the atomic scale to the device level. Now, using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) under operating conditions ("in operando"), users of the Molecular Foundry, ALS

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    6 'Lasers Rewired': Scientists Find a New Way to Make Nanowire Lasers Molecular Foundry users have found a simple new way to produce nanoscale wires that can serve as tiny, tunable lasers. The nanowires, with diameters as small as 200 nanometers and a blend of materials that has also proven effective in next-generation solar cell designs, were shown to produce very bright, stable laser light. Researchers say the excellent performance of these tiny lasers is promising for the field of

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    Foundry Users Developing Paint-on Coating for Energy Efficient Windows It's estimated that 10 percent of all the energy used in buildings in the U.S. can be attributed to window performance, costing building owners about $50 billion annually, yet the high cost of replacing windows or retrofitting them with an energy efficient coating is a major deterrent. Users at the Molecular Foundry are seeking to address this problem with creative chemistry-a polymer heat-reflective coating that can be

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    Modernizing a Technology From the Vacuum Tube Era To Generate Cheap Power Foundry users Daniel Riley and Jared Schwede hope to take thermionics, an all-but-forgotten technology, and develop it into a clean, compact, and efficient source of power. Working with Molecular Foundry staff scientist, Andreas Schmid, would allow their research to take a big shortcut, providing them with unprecedented insight into the inner workings of thermionic devices. "It turns out, by almost fortuitous

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    Form of Electron-beam Imaging Can See Elements that are 'Invisible' to Common Methods Electrons can extend our view of microscopic objects well beyond what's possible with visible light, all the way to the atomic scale. A popular method in electron microscopy for looking at tough, resilient materials in atomic detail is called STEM, or scanning transmission electron microscopy, but the highly focused beam of electrons used in STEM can also easily destroy delicate samples. To address this

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    Mr. Espresso Visits the Molecular Foundry It could be said that a lot of the research that is done at the Molecular Foundry is fueled by coffee, and for connoisseurs, you can't do much better on the hill than the second floor's coffee club run by Nanofabrication Facility Director Stefano Cabrini. On February 16, Carlo Di Ruocco, the Founder and CEO of the coffee maker company, Mr. Espresso, visited the Foundry's coffee club to discuss the art of brewing the perfect cup of espresso. During this

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    Experiment shows magnetic chips could dramatically increase computing's energy efficiency In a breakthrough for energy-efficient computing, engineers using the Molecular Foundry have shown for the first time that magnetic chips can operate with the lowest fundamental level of energy dissipation possible under the laws of thermodynamics. The findings mean that dramatic reductions in power consumption are possible-as much as one-millionth the amount of energy per operation used by transistors in

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    Fuel Cell Design Powered by Graphene-wrapped Nanocrystals Hydrogen is the lightest and most plentiful element on Earth and in our universe. So it shouldn't be a big surprise that scientists are pursuing hydrogen as a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source for cars and for a range of other uses, from portable generators to telecommunications towers-with water as the only byproduct of combustion. While there remain scientific challenges to making hydrogen-based energy sources more

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    Carbon Capture Membrane Boasts CO2 Highways A new, highly permeable carbon capture membrane developed by scientists at the Molecular Foundry could lead to more efficient ways of separating carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust, preventing the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere and contributing to climate change. The researchers focused on a hybrid membrane that is part polymer and part metal-organic framework, which is a porous three-dimensional crystal with a large internal surface

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    Nature-Inspired Nanotubes That Assemble Themselves, With Precision When it comes to the various nanowidgets scientists are developing, nanotubes are especially intriguing. That's because hollow tubes that have diameters of only a few billionths of a meter have the potential to be incredibly useful, from delivering cancer-fighting drugs inside cells to desalinating seawater. But building nanostructures is difficult. And creating a large quantity of nanostructures with the same trait, such as

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    Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D An international team of staff and users working at the Molecular Foundry has captured the first high-resolution 3D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles. The images detail the flexible structure of the DNA segments, which appear as nanoscale jump ropes. This unique imaging capability developed at the Foundry is called individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) and could aid in the use of

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    Porous Framework Electrocatalysts Are Key to Carbon Dioxide Conversion The burning of fossil fuels and the consequent rising levels of atmospheric CO-2 has led to a number of negative environmental consequences, including global warming and ocean acidification. Converting CO2 to fuels or chemical feedstock, ideally through the use of renewable energy, can simultaneously reduce atmospheric CO2 and decrease fossil fuel consumption. The principal difficulty in this process is that earth-abundant

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    6 Carbon Nanotubes Move into the Fast Lane Building off of their previous work demonstrating that short carbon nanotubes can make excellent artificial pores within cell membranes, Molecular Foundry users have now shown that carbon nanotubes can transport protons faster than bulk water, by an order of magnitude. What's more, the transport rates in these nanotube pores, which form one-dimensional water wires, also exceed those of biological channels and man-made proton conductors, making carbon

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    Seeing Atoms and Molecules in Action with an Electron 'Eye' A unique rapid-fire electron source-originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers-will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. This could provide new insight in how to make materials with custom, controllable properties and improve the efficiency and output of chemical reactions. This newly launched setup, dubbed HiRES (for High

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    The Foundry's Jim Ciston Wins DOE Early Career Award Molecular Foundry staff scientist, Jim Ciston, was selected by DOE to receive the prestigious Early Career Research Program award, which supports the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulates research careers in the disciplines supported by the DOE Office of Science. In 2016, 49 awards were made from 720 proposals. "We invest in promising young researchers early in their

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    and ALS Hire Joint Project Scientist Mike Brady has recently been appointed to the role as a joint Molecular Foundry/ALS project scientist following the departure of Elaine Chan. Mike's mission will focus on (1) fostering user collaboration and displaying the novel Foundry-ALS working mode that uniquely enables iterative materials discovery research, and on (2) team-based, soft matter research that links molecular structure and function in biomimetic and biopolymer coatings, polymer-inorganic

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    Molecular Foundry Scientists Discover Surprising New Properties in a 2-D Semiconductor In the world of semiconductors, impurities and defects can be a good thing. They modify the properties of materials such as silicon, and scientists can exploit these properties to develop better transistors for laptops, smart phones, and solar cells. Recently, a new class of semiconductor was discovered that is only three atoms thick and which extends in a two-dimensional plane, similar to graphene. These 2-D

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    New Chemical 'Sponges' Designed to Soak Up Toxic Cancer-fighting Drugs After Targeting Tumors Doctors have a powerful arsenal of cancer-fighting chemotherapy drugs to choose from, though a key challenge is to better target these drugs to kill tumors while limiting their potentially harmful side effects. Users of the Molecular Foundry, who also use the ALS, are helping to develop and test materials for a new device that can be inserted via a tiny tube into a vein and soak up most of these drugs

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    Saudi Minister of Energy Visits Molecular Foundry Khalid Al-Falih (left), Saudi Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources and the Chairman of Aramco Board of Directors toured the Molecular Foundry (pictured), the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, and FLEXLAB. DOE Under Secretary for Science and Energy Lynn Orr accompanied Minister Al-Falih during the visit

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    Scientists See Electron Bottleneck in Simulated Battery An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry has revealed how interactions between electrons and ions can slow down the performance of a material considered key to the next generation of batteries. As the appetite grows for more efficient vehicles and mobile devices based on cleaner, renewable energy sources, so does the demand for equally efficient, lightweight and energy-dense batteries that pack more punch, last

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    Discovery Could Dramatically Boost Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells A multidisciplinary team of staff and users at the Molecular Foundry have discovered a possible secret to dramatically boosting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells hidden in the nanoscale peaks and valleys of the crystalline material. Solar cells made from compounds that have the crystal structure of the mineral perovskite have captured scientists' imaginations. They're inexpensive and easy to fabricate, like organic

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    New Discovery By Foundry Users Could Better Predict How Semiconductors Weather Abuse Mimicking nature is not easy, but new insights by researchers at JCAP, partially through a user project at the Molecular Foundry, could help create a viable artificial system of photosynthesis. One of the major challenges for scientists working to create systems that efficiently convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into fuel is finding materials that can do the work while also surviving the corrosive

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    Foundry Users Create 'Second Skin' for Protection from Biological and Chemical Agents A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists working at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry and ALS has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from potential warfare agents. Shadowbox: A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists working at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry and ALS has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from potential

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    A New Way to Display the 3-D Structure of Molecules Users of the Molecular Foundry have created a sort of nanoscale display case that enables new atomic-scale views of hard-to-study chemical and biological samples. Their work could help to reveal new structural details for a range of challenging molecules-including complex chemical compounds and potentially new drugs-by stabilizing them inside sturdy structures known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The researchers introduced a series of

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    Energy Department to Invest $16 Million in Computer Design of Materials The U.S. Department of Energy announced on August 16 that it will invest $16 million over the next four years to accelerate the design of new materials through use of supercomputers. Two four-year projects-one team led by Berkeley Lab, including the Foundry's Jeff Neaton, the other team led by DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-will leverage the labs' expertise in materials and take advantage of superfast computers

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    Maker Movement Turns Scientists into Tinkerers Researchers in growing numbers are starting to enlist do-it-yourself 3-D printers, cheap electronics, sensors and more to advance their work. Over at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, nanobiochemist Ronald Zuckermann prints flexible 3-D plastic models of peptide-like polymers to study how they fold into stable structures. The shape and dynamics of the polymer chain dictate its properties for medical use. "The understanding I have

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    Five Nanoscience Research Projects That Could Deliver Big Results Berkeley Lab researchers are on the cutting edge of nanoscience. In a list of five high-impact nanoscience projects identified by Berkeley Lab, four came from work at the Molecular Foundry. This list ended with a video produced by the Molecular Foundry that was recently highlighted on the Department of Energy's website. The Berkeley Lab list of five nanoscience research projects that could deliver big results can be found here.

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    Subatomic Microscopy Key to Building New Classes of Materials Molecular Foundry users from Penn State University and Cornell University have worked with staff to describe the first atomic scale evidence for strain-induced ferroelectricity in a layered oxide. Pushing the limits of electron microscopy into the tens of picometer scale, the team has developed the ability to see at this subatomic level, which is crucial for designing new materials with unprecedented properties. Designing new

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    Molecular Foundry User Featured in MIT's Technology Review In its annual celebration of young innovators, MIT Technology Review recognized Opus 12 co-founder Kendra Kuhl for her work on designing a reactor that will convert the carbon dioxide emitted by power plants into useful chemicals. Opus 12 is a project of Cyclotron Road, an incubator for energy technologies at Berkeley Lab, and a user of the Molecular Foundry

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    6 Foundry Fall Seminar Series Begins September 13 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Highest Resolution Calibration Tool Created Scientific Achievement Industrial users at the Molecular Foundry have created the highest resolution calibration tool with feature sizes of 1.5 nanometers, a breakthrough that won an R&D100 Award. Significance and Impact Metrology tools are used to characterize advanced imaging systems from interferometers to electron microscopes. Research Details To ensure the quality and consistency of substrates, wafer manufacturers in the semiconductor industry

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    Molecular Self-Assembly in a Poorly Screened Environment: F4TCNQ on Graphene/BN (a) Chemical structure of F4TCNQ molecule. (b) STM and (c) nc-AFM images of a 2D F4TCNQ island on graphene/BN. Image resolves individual chemical bonds within the F4TCNQ molecules and shows that molecules within the island lie flat on the surface in a close-packed rectangular lattice. Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry, researchers show that charged molecules that would normally repel one another have

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    Lasing in Robust Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanowires Power-dependent emission spectra from a CsPbBr3 nanowire. Narrow emission peaks at approximately 530 nm are indicative of lasing. Inset: A CsPbBr3 nanowire excited past the lasing threshold by a femtosecond pulsed laser. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users achieve stable, high performance lasing in perovskite-based cesium lead halide nanowires (NWs). Significance and Impact These NW lasers demonstrate improved stability compared

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    Self-photosensitization of Nonphotosynthetic Bacteria for Solar-to-Chemical Production M. thermoacetica-CdS hybrids are formed by the one-pot growth and biological precipitation of CdS nanoparticles which serve as light absorbers for photosynthesis. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users induced the nonphotosynthetic, CO2 reducing bacterium M. thermoacetica to precipitate cadmium sulfide nanoparticles which serve as light harvesters to enable photosynthetic production of acetic acid.

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    Direct growth of single crystalline III-V semiconductors on amorphous substrates SEM image of a single-crystalline Cal logo (top) along with a corresponding electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) map showing the single crystal nature of the Cal logo (bottom) directly grown on amorphous SiO2 substrate. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users worked with staff to develop a new growth method, templated liquid phase (TLP) crystal growth, for growing patterned single crystalline III-V's on

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    Efficient silicon solar cells with dopant-free asymmetric heterocontacts Light JV characteristic and schematic of the dopant-free asymmetric heterocontact (DASH) silicon solar cell showing a conversion efficiency of 19.4%, with a high Voc above 710 mV, has been achieved at the proof-of-concept stage. TCO refers to a Transparent Conductive Oxide stack. Scientific Achievement Demonstration of efficient crystalline silicon solar cells by Molecular Foundry users and staff without the use of

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    Modular Design of Ordered Polymer-Nanoparticle Composites (a) Schematic illustration of nanocrystals end-grafted with polymer brushes. (b) Scaling relations of ligand shell thickness and ligand volume fraction as a function of polymer molecular weight. (c) Schematic and (d) TEM image of AB-type binary superlattices. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff and users create a diverse array of self-assembled binary superlattices using polymer-grafted nanocrystals as the colloidal building

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    Imaging Technique Able to See Elements that are 'Invisible' to Common Methods Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry scientists have developed a new imaging technique that greatly improves images of light elements using fewer electrons. Significance and Impact The MIDI-STEM method may prove to solve the challenge of seeing structures with a mixture of heavy and light elements in close proximity, thereby allowing high resolution electron microscopy to be used on a broader set of hybrid

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    Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D Scientific Achievement An international team of staff and users working at the Molecular Foundry has captured the first high-resolution 3D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles Significance and Impact This unique imaging capability should lead to better understanding of disease-relevant proteins and the assembly process that forms DNA. It could also aid in the use of DNA segments as

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    Electron Microscopy Discovers Peptoid Crystalline Nanotubes (a) Cryogenic electron micrographs of crystalline peptoid nanotubes in water, revealing stripes spaced 2.4 nm apart. (b) Molecular model showing how the peptoid chains act as molecular tile units that form crystalline, brick-like lattices that roll into nanotubes, and expose both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups to water. Scientific Achievement Electron micrographs of amphiphilic peptoids in water reveal crystalline nanotubes with

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    Carbon Capture Membrane Creates CO2 Highways Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry scientists, working with the ALS, have developed a hybrid polymer-MOF membrane that is eight times more CO2 permeable than membranes composed only of the polymer. Significance and Impact This new, highly permeable carbon capture membrane could lead to more efficient ways of separating carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust, preventing the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere. Research Details The hybrid

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    Fuel Cell Design Powered by Graphene-wrapped Nanocrystals Scientific Achievement Researchers at the Molecular Foundry have partnered with the ALS to develop a new material recipe for a battery-like hydrogen fuel cell. Significance and Impact Hydrogen has the potential to be a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source. This hybrid technology allows for very compact and safe storage of hydrogen, while offering fast fueling times. Research Details Hydrogen is the lightest and most

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    Boosted Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells to 31 Percent Scientific Achievement A multidisciplinary team of staff and users at the Molecular Foundry are now able to differentiate high performing areas on perovskite solar cells that approach the material's theoretical energy conversion limit of 31% Significance and Impact These top-performing facets could hold the secret to highly efficient perovskite solar cells if the material can be synthesized so that only very efficient facets develop.

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    Properties Discovered in a 2-D Semiconductor Scientific Achievement Scientists at the Molecular Foundry, in collaboration with researchers at the ALS, have found that linear defects in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (TMDs) create one-atom thick metallic wires that cross the otherwise intact semiconductor. Significance and Impact TMDs have exceptional optical characteristics. They can be developed into ultra-sensitive photo detectors, and a single TMD layer emits as much light as a 3-D TMD

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    Observation of Polarization Vortices in Complex Oxide Superlattices Polarization Vortices observed in (PbTiO3)10/(SrTiO3)10 Superlattice via High-Resolution STEM (The figure is an overlay of local polarization vectors, indicated by yellow arrows, on an atomic-resolution STEM image) Scientific Achievement Identified the existence of non-uniform polarization vortex states in a ferroelectric material Significance and Impact Topology of such non-uniform polarization fields, will act as a precursor

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    Scientists See Electron Bottleneck in Simulated Battery Scientific Achievement An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry has revealed how interactions between electrons and ions can slow down the performance of electrodes made with the compound vanadium pentoxide. Significance and Impact Vanadium pentoxide's layered atomic structure results in a vast surface area that may lead to batteries that pack more punch, last longer and charge or discharge more quickly. Research

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    properties between conducting (for applications in solar cells) and light-emitting (LEDs, lasers) simply by changing the interparticle distance in the matrix. This approach is...

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    3, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: David Norris, ETH Zurich Title: Quantum-Dot Plasmonics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Quantum optics involves the coupling of quantum ...

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    Hot carriers are electrical charge carriers - electrons and holes - with significantly higher energy than charge carriers at thermal equilibrium. Since hot carrier thermalization ...

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    Foundry Title: Nanoscale Perspectives on Organic Energy Materials from Ab Initio Quantum Mechanics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: New materials, architectures,...

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    Cs (Spherical aberration) 2.2 mm Cc (Chromatic aberration) 2.2 mm Specimen Stage Double tilt holder angle 70 deg 30 deg Cryo double tilt holder angle 49 deg 30 deg...

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    wide gap 2.1 Point-to-point resolution, narrow gap 1.7 Specimen Stages Single-tilt heating to 1300 C 40 Double-tilt heating to 1000C 4040 Single-tilt...

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    at the Theater' event featured eight researchers, each give 8 minutes to present a "big idea." Ron Zuckermann, from the Molecular Foundry, spoke about his work with synthetic...

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    Following the merge of the Molecular Foundry and the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) at the start of FY 2015, a new logo has been created to represent the newly ...

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    are reviewed by an external board of subject-matter experts for scientific merit and feasibility. Successful proposals can be started at any time and last for a maximum of one...

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    New measures adopted in 2013 by the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District aim to target particulate sources for mitigation that present the highest health risk to area ...

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    sons and daughters aged 9-16. As part of this event, Molecular Foundry and Materials Sciences Division volunteers helped children build a 20 foot carbon nanotube balloon model....

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    from industry, academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. Of the record eight awards that recognized Berkeley Lab...

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    Study Reveals How Oxygen is Like Kryptonite to Titanium Scientists working at the Molecular Foundry have found the mechanism by which titanium, prized for its high ...

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    Oxygen: Poison to Titanium In situ TEM nanocompression tests of Ti (above). Imaging of ... Scientists working at the Molecular Foundry have found the mechanism by which titanium ...

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    Outsmarting Thermodynamics in Self-assembly of Nanostructures If you can uniformly break the symmetry of nanorod pairs in a colloidal solution, you're one step closer to achieving...

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    time for a quick photo op with (left to right) User Program Director Alison Hatt, Project Scientist Sahar Sharifzadeh, and Senior Administrator Meg Holm. Read the full Berkeley Lab...

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    and will replace the Foundry's two-part system built around remote Proposal Study Panel (PSP) reviewers and the Proposal Review Council (PRC). Additional information on all of...

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    8, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Frank Q. Zhu, HGST Title: Controlled Nucleation Growth of Granular Thin Films by Templating Effect and Self-Assembly Location: 67-3111 Chemla...

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    interpretation of AFM data acquired during analysis. Scientific Achievement Using in-situ Atomic Force Microscopy to directly observe S-layer formation on mica chips, Foundry...

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    Arron Phillips Shakes Up Science at the Foundry Sometimes you need to shake up your perspective in order to do good science. So says Molecular Foundry intern Arron Phillips, who...

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    Dianne Xiao, UC Berkeley Title: Iron Metal-organic Frameworks for Hydrocarbon Oxidations Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Pizza will be served, compliments of Oxford Instruments...

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    200 kV Spherical Aberration Cs: 1.2mm Chromatic Aberration Cc: 1.2mm Detectors Oxford INCA energy dispersive X-ray detector with energy resolution of 136eV for Mn k-alpha...

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    control of reflection and diffraction, absorption and emission, phase and amplitude dispersion, and state of polarization. I will further discuss that enhanced and active...

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    details of inorganic-organic interface interaction, which can one day lead to the development of a library of molecular functions for biomimetic materials design and engineering.

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    I will discuss several relevant examples where we have: (1) created highly specific antimicrobial agents to detect and combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria, (2) designed digital...

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    Institutes of Health where he led Congressional and public outreach efforts within the science policy office of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculosketal and Skin...

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    Livermore National Laboratory. "Interpreting the widespread nonlinear force spectra of intermolecular bonds." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, 34 (2012)...

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    Facet-Dependent Photovoltaic Efficiency Variations in Perovskite Grains Sibel Leblebici, ... enhance device performance of both polycrystalline and single crystal photovoltaic devices

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    Evolving Click Chemistry SuFEx K. Barry Sharpless W. M. Keck Professor of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute What does it take to move fluoride and aryloxide ligands ...

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    Klaus van Benthem is interested in the investigation of the functionalities of novel nano-materials. He uses electron microscopy tools to image nano-materials with atomic ...

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    States and Optoelectronic Processes in Nano Building Block Assemblies Location: ... Nano materials have in principle the potential to realize this vision since the material ...

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    Chemical Imaging with Photo-induced Force Microscopy Robert Kertayasa, Molecular Vista Co-authors: Sung Park, Ph.D., Tom Albrecht, Ph.D. Infrared Photo-induced Force Microscopy (IR ...

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    3 Black Gold Makes Bright Beams For the high-rep-rate x-ray beams essential to next ... Led by the Molecular Foundry's Alex Polyakov, one design is an array of gold-plated ...

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    Array Figures: An array of nano-sized gold pillars, (a), creates a plasmonic surface ... from the nanopillar array, showing significant increases compared to a flat gold surface. ...

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    optimized geometries of pyridine and amine-based molecules in gold junctions. ... to trap individual amine and pyridine molecules between a sharp gold tip and a substrate. ...

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    Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes At an electrode surface, the ... With gold as a chemically inert electrode, and slightly-saline water as an electrolyte, ...

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    Frank Svec: Using Gold to Boost Power of Chromatography MSD scientist Frantisek Svec, ... Svec explained how the addition of gold nanoparticles to the surfaces of polymer ...

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    in application areas as diverse as heterogeneous catalysis, molecular electronics or drug delivery. While predictive-quality computational modeling assumes an increasing role in...

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    the wet part of artificial photosnythesis Location: 15-253 Abstract: We know photosynthesis as the natural, biological process where sunlight is used to oxidize water...

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    Researchers Take Cues From Nature in Designing a Programmable Nanomaterial for Biosensing Taking inspiration from the human immune system, researchers at the Molecular Foundry have...

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    Foundry Helps Capture Birth of Mineral in Real Time Found in seashells, pearls, marble, and chalk, calcium carbonate is one of the most important molecules on Earth. It is also the ...

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    with the nanocrystals. "Doping in semiconductor nanocrystals is still an evolving art," says Milliron. "Only in the last few years have people begun to observe interesting...

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    Specialist, Branden Brough, and visited nine House and Senate offices of California representatives, spanning both political parties. Read the full Berkeley Lab press release...

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    Molecular Foundry and NCEM Merge Complete As of October 1, 2014, the Molecular Foundry includes the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM). Previously, NCEM was a separate...

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    New and Improved Model of Molecular Bonding Jim DeYoreo of the Molecular Foundry led the development of a first-of-its-kind model for providing a comprehensive description of the ...

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    Develop a New Nanotech Tool to Probe Solar Energy Conversion If nanoscience were television, we'd be in the 1950s. Although scientists can make and manipulate nanoscale objects...

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    Protein Folding Funnels Apply to Self-Assembly; Should Benefit Biomimicry and Nanosynthesis Jim DeYorero and Carolyn Bertozzi led a team of researchers at the Molecular Foundry...

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    and fundamental research such as medical imaging, high energy physics, astrophysics, oil exploration and nuclear materials detection for homeland security and other...

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    Since natural sugars are difficult to manage, the development of proteoglycan mimics could significantly decrease the cost and complexity of tissue engineering and stem cell ...

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    carbonate-the ubiquitous compound that is a major component of seashells, limestone, concrete, antacids and myriad other naturally and industrially produced substances-may...

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    for vehicles. Q: My mother-in-law likes to occasionally visit my son at the Fermi daycare. Will I still need to get her security clearance when she wants to visit him? A: No,...

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    switch composition from CdSe to PbSe, Cu2Se, and Ag2Se through cation exchange: The architecture of these porous films remained intact and the chemical transformations were...

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    Functionalized Nanosheets Designed For Molecular Recognition Architecture of a natural antibody (left) and an antibody-mimetic nanosheet (right) with a high density of loops on a...

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    Oil-Water Interface Peptoid nanosheets are among the largest and thinnest free-floating organic crystals ever made. The sheets are a few nanometers thick but up to 100 micrometers...

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    Hosted by Jim Schuck: With the current explosion of big data and cloud computing, data storage is of paramount importance. For nearly 60 years, hard disk drive technology has been ...

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    Big, Deep and Smart Data Analytics in Materials Imaging Workshop Held at ORNL In June, Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee hosted a meeting organized by the five DOE ...

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    is enough to be analyzed. When combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), multiple fractions were directly characterized, establishing a prototypical LC-SCD...

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    control of chain conformation; combinatorial discovery technologies; therapeutic, vaccine and diagnostic applications; sequence-defined polymers; protein mimetic materials;...

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    1, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Peidong Yang, UC Berkeley Title: Semiconductor Nanowires for Artificial Photosynthesis Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Nanowires, with their...

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    to or may even exceed the capabilities of natural photosynthesis," says Peidong Yang, a Molecular Foundry user who led this work. "The bacteriainorganic-semiconductor...

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    Washington Title: Molecular FoundryALS Joint Seminar: Imaging Heterogeneity in Thin Film Solar Cells: Polymers to Perovskites Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Many ...

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    SC15 Releases Video on Berkeley Lab's Electrolyte Genome Project A new breakthrough battery-one that has significantly higher energy, lasts longer, and is cheaper and safer-will...

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    Such anisotropy could boost energy-efficient transistor and thermoelectric device design. ... with different lattice orientations for cooling & operating microchips S Lee, F Yang, J ...