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Sample records for balanced scorecard program

  1. Balanced Scorecard Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PLEASE NOTE: This page contains links to a great deal of information on the subject of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). It is intended to assist DOE employees, contractors and anyone who is interested...

  2. BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3 - Balanced Scorecard Assessment Program - (March 2004) DEPARTMENT OF...

  3. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) This chapter...

  4. The role of the Balanced Scorecard for improvement of management systems in Japanese companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abe, Taiji

    2006-01-01

    The concept of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) was first developed by R.S. Kaplan and D.P. Norton in 1992 and since that time has been implemented in thousands of organizations worldwide. While many tools that were proposed ...

  5. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3 - Balanced Scorecard Assessment...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Scorecard is consistent with the contractor's responsibility for developing management control systems that meet the requirements of DEAR 970.0370-1. Background In previous...

  6. Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics »Application for Refund Application for Refund During theB093Business of

  7. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And StatisticsProgram Manager DirectoryofDOEAccomplishments - AnChapter 3.2 (March 2004)Program -

  8. Balanced Scorecard

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Satisfaction - Employee Alignment FINANCIAL - Optimum Cost Efficiency of Purchasing Operations - Financial Contributions of Procurement via Cost Savings MISSION VISION STRATEGY...

  9. Balanced Scorecard

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    INTERNAL BUSINESS PROCESSES - Effective Internal Controls - Effective Supplier Management - Use of Effective Competition - Effective Utilization of Alternate Procurement...

  10. Balanced Scorecard

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    deliverable tracking systems. Data Generation: Data is tabulated from the listed tracking systems. Data Verification: Procurement Directors are responsible for accurately reporting...

  11. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3 - Balanced Scorecard Assessment Program -

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBerylliumDepartment of Energy8pt1.doc�47.1 (June 2004)1 (MarchChapter 42.5and(March

  12. 2014 DOE Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Scorecard 2014 DOE Scorecard Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Scorecard reporting Department of Energy sustainability achievements for fiscal year 2014. 2014 DOE Scorecard...

  13. State Clean Energy Scorecard: Renewable Energy Performance and Policy Rankings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation summarizes the State Clean Energy Scorecard Project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program.

  14. 2013 DOE Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3. 2013 DOE Scorecard More Documents & Publications Department of Energy FY 2011 OMB Scorecard Department of Energy FY 2012 OMB Scorecard 2014...

  15. Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future Initial Discussions 3072012 2 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Background BPA has implemented a number...

  16. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2015 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2015 Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2015 News Updates The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has issued an operating...

  17. Quarterly Nuclear Power Deployment Scorecard - April 2013 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Quarterly Nuclear Power Deployment Scorecard - April 2013 Quarterly Nuclear Power Deployment Scorecard - April 2013 News Updates On November 20, 2012, the Department of Energy...

  18. Department of Energy FY 2012 OMB Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    OMB Scorecard Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Scorecard reporting Department of Energy sustainability achievements for fiscal year (FY) 2012. 2012doescorecard.pdf More...

  19. Department of Energy FY 2010 OMB Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FY 2010 OMB Scorecard Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Scorecard reporting Department of Energy sustainability achievements for fiscal year (FY) 2010. 2010doescorecard.pdf...

  20. Department of Energy FY 2011 OMB Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    OMB Scorecard Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Scorecard reporting Department of Energy sustainability achievements for fiscal year (FY) 2011. 2011doescorecard.pdf More...

  1. LEED CI 2009 Project Scorecard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    LEED CI 2009 Project Scorecard Project Name: Last UpDate: Yes ? No 19 0 2 SUSTAINABLE SITES 21 1.4 MR5 1 UF None 1 Credit 1.5 MR4 UF None 1 Credit 2 LEED® Accredited Professional 1 UF None Yes

  2. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - January 2015 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    January 2015 Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - January 2015 News Updates The NRC has scheduled a public Commissioner's hearing for February 4 on DTE Electric's...

  3. Program Balance and its Impact on High Performance RISC Architectures Lizy Kurian John and Vinod Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    Program Balance and its Impact on High Performance RISC Architectures Lizy Kurian John and Vinod of functional units in high performance architectures. In this paper, we present stud- ies on the balance. A balance metric that indicates the match of ac- cessing power to computation power is calculated

  4. Alternative profit scorecards for revolving credit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez Barrios, Luis Javier; Sanchez, Luis Javier; Barrios, Luis Javier Barrios

    2013-07-03

    The aim of this PhD project is to design profit scorecards for a revolving credit using alternative measures of profit that have not been considered in previous research. The data set consists of customers from a lending ...

  5. Smithsonian Institution 2014 Scorecard on Sustainability and Energy Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    Smithsonian Institution 2014 Scorecard on Sustainability and Energy Performance In October 2009 are committed to the strategic objectives of the order. Our January 2015 Sustainability/Energy scorecard Scorecard on Sustainability/Energy Scope1&2GHGEmissionReductionTarget ForScope1&2GHGReductionTargetof32%by

  6. Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, B.; Miller, M.

    2009-09-01

    In practice, it is difficult to determine the optimal amount to spend on marketing and administering a green pricing program. Budgets for marketing and administration of green pricing programs are a function of several factors: the region of the country; the size of the utility service area; the customer base and media markets encompassed within that service area; the point or stage in the lifespan of the program; and certainly, not least, the utility's commitment to and goals for the program. All of these factors vary significantly among programs. This report presents data on programs that have funded both marketing and program administration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) gathers the data annually from utility green pricing program managers. Programs reporting data to NREL spent a median of 18.8% of program revenues on marketing their programs in 2008 and 16.6% in 2007. The smallest utilities (those with less than 25,000 in their eligible customer base) spent 49% of revenues on marketing, significantly more than the overall median. This report addresses the role of renewable energy credit (REC) marketers and start-up costs--and the role of marketing, generally, in achieving program objectives, including expansion of renewable energy.

  7. Program Balance and its Impact on High Performance RISC Architectures \\Lambda Lizy Kurian John and Vinod Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    Program Balance and its Impact on High Performance RISC Architectures \\Lambda Lizy Kurian John of functional units in high performance architectures. In this paper, we present stud­ ies on the balance. A balance metric that indicates the match of ac­ cessing power to computation power is calculated

  8. Executive Branch Management Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 InfographiclighbulbsDepartmentDeveloping11,Branch Management Scorecard

  9. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Methodology * The BSC is a structured approach to performance measurement and performance management that links the organization's strategic thinking to the activities necessary to...

  10. SUPERIOR ENERGY PERFORMANCE INDUSTRIAL FACILITY BEST PRACTICE SCORECARD

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Facilities seeking to use the Mature Energy Pathway to qualify for Superior Energy Performance® (SEP™) certification will use the SEP Industrial Facility Best Practice Scorecard to assess the...

  11. EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Scorecard Improvements July 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The highly-efficient, biomass-fired cogeneration facility at the Savannah River Site replaced a 1950s-era...

  12. ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram |RecentSulfonate as aEnergy1ACE-II: Areas ofACEEE

  13. 2013 DOE Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks2 DOEEnergy Los Alamos Site3 Awards3of3DOE

  14. BSCProgramDescriptionDocumentJan2005.doc | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BSCProgramDescriptionDocumentJan2005.doc&0; More Documents & Publications Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004)...

  15. Bonneville’s “Balanced Scorecard” Approach to Mitigation, Monitoring, and Adaptive Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This year Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), DOE’s power marketing organization in the Pacific Northwest, will spend more than $300 million on mitigation projects to meet its mandate under the 1980 Northwest Power Act to “protect, mitigate and enhance” fish and wildlife affected by construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. How is BPA meeting its responsibility to ratepayers to ensure that these mitigation funds are spent effectively?

  16. Formal Measures in Informal Management: Can a Balanced Scorecard Change a Culture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Robert S.

    We extend traditional agency theory by exploring the roles for formal measures when managerial behavior is not governed by rules, formulas, or contracts. Part I describes relational incentive contracts with informal weights ...

  17. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2014-01-01

    REPORT California Energy Balance Update and DecompositionCalifornia Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis2011. California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition

  18. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2014-01-01

    2005. Development of Energy Balances for the State ofIEA). 2010. World Energy Balance, 1971 to 2008. Paris: IEA.thermal unit California Energy Balance California Energy

  19. SUSTAINABILITY PERFORMANCE SCORECARD 1. Reported per 200,000 employee hours worked.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,383 N/A N/A ENVIRONMENT Reducing building energy use and greenhouse GHG emissions · Reduce GHG emissions from building energy use 28% from 2008-2020 (Target: 31,794 MTCO2e) · Reduce energy use intensitySUSTAINABILITY PERFORMANCE SCORECARD 1. Reported per 200,000 employee hours worked. 2

  20. An Approach to Locality-Conscious Load Balancing and Transparent Memory Hierarchy Management with a Global-Address-Space Parallel Programming Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Catalyurek, Umit; Nieplocha, Jarek; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2006-04-25

    This paper describes a global-addressspace framework for the convenient specification and effi- cient execution of parallel out-of-core applications operating on block-sparse data. The programming model provides a global view of block-sparse matrices and a mechanism for the expression of parallel tasks that operate on blocksparse data. The tasks are automatically partitioned into phases that operate on memory-resident data, and mapped onto processors to optimize load balance and data locality. Experimental results are presented that demonstrate the utility of the approach.

  1. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2014-01-01

    2005. Development of Energy Balances for the State ofIEA). 2010. World Energy Balance, 1971 to 2008. Paris: IEA.of energy within an energy balance. Although the supply flow

  2. A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, SPRING 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    1 A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, SPRING 2006 MR 11:00 am - 12:15 pm Instructor: Office: Phone: Email Overview: A Delicate Balance is the "capstone" course of your general education program. In Images people in different times and cultures measured nature. In A Delicate Balance, we will examine several

  3. Understanding Your Account Summary If you owe a deposit (not all programs require a deposit), the amount you owe is in addition to the balance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    ), the amount you owe is in addition to the balance. Your Account Summary may look like this: Current This amount represents: overdue balances PLUS amounts due within the next 25 days. NEW Unapplied Credits days from today. You Owe This amount represents the balance of your account: Current PLUS Unapplied

  4. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - April 2015 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report Appendices |Project Management|EnergyApril 2015 Quarterly

  5. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - July 2015 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report Appendices |Project Management|EnergyApril 2015

  6. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2015 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report Appendices |Project Management|EnergyApril 2015Energy

  7. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program Specific...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Microsoft Word - EERE PSRP 7 23 2010 Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard - Fourth Quarter FY2009 Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard - First Quarter FY2010...

  8. Guidance on Reading the Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing Programs | Department of Energy June 2015onGuidance

  9. ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK Support program;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" ­ March 2009 ­ Project ........................................................................................................................104 #12;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" ­ March

  10. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, Derek E. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A beamsplitter assembly that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting.

  11. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, D.E.

    1998-02-17

    A beamsplitter assembly is disclosed that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting. 10 figs.

  12. Making sense of competing organizational goals : perspectives of practice that affect coordinated efforts and organizational learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Joanne Kirkpatrick

    2007-01-01

    Six Sigma, (Summers, 2007; Welch & Byrne, 2001) Balanced Scorecard, (Kaplan & Norton, 2001) and Lean

  13. GENERAL LEDGER OBJECT CODES Fund Balance Fund Balance & Fund Balance-Related Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    GENERAL LEDGER OBJECT CODES ­ Fund Balance Fund Balance & Fund Balance-Related Objects Unrestricted Fund 3000 Unrestricted Fund Balance 4005 INACTIVE ­ Effective 7/1/2002 4009 Other Additions from Controls 3090 Unrestricted Fund Balance Reserved for Inventories 3095 Unrestricted Fund Balance

  14. Balancing coal pipes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Earley, D.; Kirkenir, B.

    2009-11-15

    Balancing coal flow to the burners to optimise combustion by using real-time measurement systems (such as microwave mass measurement) is discussed. 3 figs.

  15. Audit Report - Department of Energy's Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications Program's Fiscal Year 2010 Balance Sheet Audit, OAS-FS-13-09

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | DepartmentPeer ReviewEfficiencyOct 1, 20116

  16. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program. Final Project Report. California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Hasanbeigi, Ali; Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-12-01

    This report on the California Energy Balance version 2 (CALEB v2) database documents the latest update and improvements to CALEB version 1 (CALEB v1) and provides a complete picture of how energy is supplied and consumed in the State of California. The CALEB research team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) performed the research and analysis described in this report. CALEB manages highly disaggregated data on energy supply, transformation, and end-use consumption for about 40 different energy commodities, from 1990 to 2008. This report describes in detail California's energy use from supply through end-use consumption as well as the data sources used. The report also analyzes trends in energy demand for the "Manufacturing" and "Building" sectors. Decomposition analysis of energy consumption combined with measures of the activity driving that consumption quantifies the effects of factors that shape energy consumption trends. The study finds that a decrease in energy intensity has had a very significant impact on reducing energy demand over the past 20 years. The largest impact can be observed in the industry sector where energy demand would have had increased by 358 trillion British thermal units (TBtu) if subsectoral energy intensities had remained at 1997 levels. Instead, energy demand actually decreased by 70 TBtu. In the "Building" sector, combined results from the "Service" and "Residential" subsectors suggest that energy demand would have increased by 264 TBtu (121 TBtu in the "Services" sector and 143 TBtu in the "Residential" sector) during the same period, 1997 to 2008. However, energy demand increased at a lesser rate, by only 162 TBtu (92 TBtu in the "Services" sector and 70 TBtu in the "Residential" sector). These energy intensity reductions can be indicative of energyefficiency improvements during the past 10 years. The research presented in this report provides a basis for developing an energy-efficiency performance index to measure progress over time in the State of California.

  17. Spatial Water Balance in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Seann; Maidment, David; Patoux, Jerome

    1994-01-01

    different components of the hydrologic cycle - an atmospheric water balance, a soil-water balance, and a surface water balance. These models were constructed using a geographic information system (GIS). A GIS provides a framework for storing and manipulating...

  18. Detailed balance and entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocco Duvenhage; Machiel Snyman

    2015-03-27

    We study a connection between quantum detailed balance, which is a concept of importance in statistical mechanics, and entanglement. We also explore how this connection fits into thermofield dynamics.

  19. Load Balancing Scientific Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Olga

    2014-12-08

    The largest supercomputers have millions of independent processors, and concurrency levels are rapidly increasing. For ideal efficiency, developers of the simulations that run on these machines must ensure that computational work is evenly balanced...

  20. 2. System boundaries; Balance equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    , or cover a certain balance time (sv: balanstid) x,in x,out production of X consumption of X X/t Balance for X Balance volume Streams (amount / time) Production and consumption (amount / time) Åbo Akademi of a chemical reaction is easily added as production or consumption of species, heat, etc. The balance volume

  1. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, B.; Leland, R.

    1993-01-01

    We describe an algorithm for the static load balancing of scientific computations that generalizes and improves upon spectral bisection. Through a novel use of multiple eigenvectors, our new spectral algorithm can divide a computation into 4 or 8 pieces at once. These multidimensional spectral partitioning algorithms generate balanced partitions that have lower communication overhead and are less expensive to compute than those produced by spectral bisection. In addition, they automatically work to minimize message contention on a hypercube or mesh architecture. These spectral partitions are further improved by a multidimensional generalization of the Kernighan-Lin graph partitioning algorithm. Results on several computational grids are given and compared with other popular methods.

  2. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

  3. Balance functions revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bialas

    2011-02-11

    The idea of glue clusters, i.e. short-range correlations in the quark-gluon plasma close to freeze-out, is used to estimate the width of balance functions in momentum space. A good agreement is found with the recent measurements of STAR collaboration for central $Au-Au$ collisions.

  4. FINDING BALANCE: ENHANCING PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINDING BALANCE: ENHANCING PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING 3rd Annual Conference for psychologists requesting CE credits TOPICS INCLUDE: How finding "balance" can support our physical, emotional, and social well-being Balance exercises and physical fitness to prevent injuries and cognitive decline

  5. Programming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matricesstudents working inProgramming Programming

  6. Programming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matricesstudents working inProgrammingProgramming

  7. Radar channel balancing with commutation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doerry, Armin Walter

    2014-02-01

    When multiple channels are employed in a pulse-Doppler radar, achieving and maintaining balance between the channels is problematic. In some circumstances the channels may be commutated to achieve adequate balance. Commutation is the switching, trading, toggling, or multiplexing of the channels between signal paths. Commutation allows modulating the imbalance energy away from the balanced energy in Doppler, where it can be mitigated with filtering.

  8. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  9. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

  10. Programming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matricesstudents working inProgramming

  11. Water Balance AnalysisWater Balance Analysis C. P. KumarC. P. Kumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    Water Balance AnalysisWater Balance Analysis C. P. KumarC. P. Kumar Scientist `F'Scientist `FIntroduction ØØ Hydrologic CycleHydrologic Cycle ØØ Basic Concept of Water BalanceBasic Concept of Water Balance ØØ Water Balance of Unsaturated ZoneWater Balance of Unsaturated Zone ØØ Water Balance at Land

  12. Building Technologies Program Key Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-12-15

    The Building Technologies Program (BTP) employs a balanced approach to making buildings more energy efficient. The three pillars of our program, research and development (R&D), market stimulation, and building and equipment standards, help meet our strategic vision.

  13. An Oscillating Magnet Watt Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, H

    2015-01-01

    We establish the principles for a new generation of simplified and accurate watt balances in which an oscillating magnet generates Faraday's voltage in a stationary coil. A force measuring system and a mechanism providing vertical movements of the magnet are completely independent in an oscillating magnet watt balance. This remarkable feature allows to establish the link between the Planck constant and a macroscopic mass by a one single experiment. Weak dependence on variations of environmental and experimental conditions, weak sensitivity to ground vibrations and temperature changes, simple force measuring procedure, small sizes and other useful features offered by the novel approach considerably reduce the complexity of the experimental setup. We formulate the oscillating magnet watt balance principle and establish the measurement procedure for the Planck constant. We discuss the nature of oscillating magnet watt balance uncertainties and give a brief description of the National Metrology Institute (UME) wa...

  14. Mechanically balanced tapered plug valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anaya, Jose R. (Coacalco, MX)

    1985-01-01

    The invention is a novel hermetic tapered plug valve having a spring-like resilient mechanism for providing axial balance to the plug and thereby prevent valve lock up.

  15. Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction (BOS-X) Funding Opportunity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under the Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction (BOS-X) program, DOE is funding new components and system designs to overcome scientific, technological, and engineering barriers to...

  16. ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON SUCCESSFUL AGING FINDING BALANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3RD ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON SUCCESSFUL AGING FINDING BALANCE: ENHANCING PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, and how to improve them. Finding Balance Supports Our Well-Being. Dr. Glisky will talk about how balance in humans; Evolutionary medicine. Balance Exercises and Fitness to Prevent Injuries and Cognitive Decline

  17. MATERIAL BALANCES AND APPLICATIONS MATERIAL BALANCES AND APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Juhani, Abdulhadi A.

    engineering problems. Material balances are nothing more than the application of the law of conservation Equation Suppose propane is a component of both the input and output streams of a continuous process unit propane/h) qout (kg propane/h) If there are no leaks and the measurements are correct, then the other

  18. Current balancing for battery strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

  19. Available Balance Quick Reference Guide How do I find my Available Balance?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Available Balance Quick Reference Guide How do I find my Available Balance? Fund Balance (aka 'Cash Funded') Accounts Internet Native Banner (INB) Form: FGITBSR (see Note 1) e~Print Fund Balance Checkbook Banner (INB) Form: FGIBDST (See Note 2) e~Print CSM Budget Status or Budget Balance Checkbook Detail

  20. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Control 2010 Magali Mercier (Institut Camille Jordan, Lyon) L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Parma, 15th February 2010 1 / 30 #12;L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Introduction. Introduction Scalar balance

  1. The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

    2009-01-01

    Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

  2. Dual shell pressure balanced vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fassbender, Alexander G. (West Richland, WA)

    1992-01-01

    A dual-wall pressure balanced vessel for processing high viscosity slurries at high temperatures and pressures having an outer pressure vessel and an inner vessel with an annular space between the vessels pressurized at a pressure slightly less than or equivalent to the pressure within the inner vessel.

  3. Burner balancing Salem Harbor Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sload, A.W.; Dube, R.J.

    1995-12-31

    The traditional method of burner balancing is first to determine the fuel distribution, then to measure the economizer outlet excess oxygen distribution and to adjust the burners accordingly. Fuel distribution is typically measured by clean and dirty air probing. Coal pipe flow can then be adjusted, if necessary, through the use of coal pipe orificing or by other means. Primary air flow must be adjusted to meet the design criteria of the burner. Once coal pipe flow is balanced to within the desired criteria, secondary air flow to individual burners can be changed by adjusting windbox dampers, burner registers, shrouds or other devices in the secondary air stream. This paper discusses problems encountered in measuring excess O{sub 2} at the economizer outlet. It is important to recognize that O{sub 2} measurements at the economizer outlet, by themselves, can be very misleading. If measurement problems are suspected or encountered, an alternate approach similar to that described should be considered. The alternate method is not only useful for burner balancing but also can be used to help in calibrating the plant excess O{sub 2} instruments and provide an on line means of cross-checking excess air measurements. Balanced burners operate closer to their design stoichiometry, providing better NO{sub x} reduction. For Salem Harbor Station, this means a significant saving in urea consumption.

  4. BSCmemo.pdf | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    BSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdf More Documents & Publications FY2010FederalOfficeDepartmentalAverages-BSC-OPAM.pdf Federal Scorecard for FY2011 Federal Balanced Scorecard...

  5. Supplementary balance laws and the entropy principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serge Preston

    2010-08-01

    In this work we study the mathematical aspects of the development in the continuum thermodynamics known as the "Entropy Principle". It started with the pioneering works of B.Coleman, W.Noll and I. Muller in 60th of XX cent. and got its further development mostly in the works of G. Boillat, I-Shis Liu and T.Ruggeri. "Entropy Principle" combines in itself the structural requirement on the form of balance laws of the thermodynamical system (denote such system $(\\mathcal{C})$) and on the entropy balance law with the convexity condition of the entropy density. First of these requirements has pure mathematical form defining so called "supplementary balance laws" (shortly SBL) associated with the original balance system. Vector space of SBL can be considered as a kind of natural "closure" of the original balance system. This space includes the original balance laws, the entropy balance, the balance laws corresponding to the symmetries of the balance system and some other balance equations. We consider the case of Rational Extended Thermodynamics where densities, fluxes and sources of the balance equations do not depend on the derivatives of physical fields $y^i$. We present the basic structures of RET: Lagrange-Liu equations,"main fields", and dual formulation of the balance system. We obtain and start studying the defining system of equations for the density $h^0$ of a supplementary balance law. This overdetermined linear system of PDE of second order determines all the densities $h^0$ and with them, due to the formalism of RET, the fluxes and sources of SBL. Solvability conditions of defining system delivers the constitutive restrictions on the balance equations of the original balance system. We illustrate our results by some simple examples of balance system and by describing all the supplementary balance laws and the constitutive restrictions for the Cattaneo heat propagation system.

  6. Why Do Voters Dismantle Checks and Balances?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2011-07-17

    Voters often dismantle constitutional checks and balances on the executive. If such checks and balances limit presidential abuses of power and rents, why do voters support their removal? We argue that by reducing politician ...

  7. Why Do Voters Dismantle Checks and Balances?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    Voters often dismantle constitutional checks and balances on the executive. If such checks and balances limit presidential abuses of power and rents, why do voters support their removal? We argue that by reducing politician ...

  8. Entropy balance in holographic superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean A. Hartnoll; Razieh Pourhasan

    2012-05-07

    In systems undergoing second order phase transitions, the temperature integral of the specific heat over temperature from zero to the critical temperature is the same in both the normal and ordered phases. This entropy balance relates the critical temperature to the distribution of degrees of freedom in the normal and ordered states. Quantum criticality and fractionalization can imply an increased number of low energy degrees of freedom in both the normal and ordered states. We explore the role of entropy balance in holographic models of superconductivity, focussing on the interplay between quantum criticality and superconductivity. We consider models with and without a ground state entropy density in the normal phase; the latter models are a new class of holographic superconductors. We explain how a normal phase entropy density manifests itself in the stable superconducting phase.

  9. Balanced pressure gerotor fuel pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Raney, Michael Raymond; Maier, Eugen

    2004-08-03

    A gerotor pump for pressurizing gasoline fuel is capable of developing pressures up to 2.0 MPa with good mechanical and volumetric efficiency and satisfying the durability requirements for an automotive fuel pump. The pump has been designed with optimized clearances and by including features that promote the formation of lubricating films of pressurized fuel. Features of the improved pump include the use of a shadow port in the side plate opposite the outlet port to promote balancing of high fuel pressures on the opposite sides of the rotors. Inner and outer rotors have predetermined side clearances with the clearances of the outer rotor being greater than those of the inner rotor in order to promote fuel pressure balance on the sides of the outer rotor. Support of the inner rotor and a drive shaft on a single bushing with bearing sleeves maintains concentricity. Additional features are disclosed.

  10. Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Forestry., White, M. and Yamulki, S. (2012). Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests

  11. BALANCE IN NON-ISOTERMAL NON-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    WATER MASS BALANCE IN NON- ISOTERMAL NON- SATURATED SOILS Alejandro Blanco #12;ESQUEMA GENERAL desprecio de flujos térmicos. Balance de masa. Ecuación diferencial 1-D Condiciones de contorno superficie. La difusión de vapor debida a gradientes térmicos induce errores en los balances de masa; en

  12. The Balance Constraint Family Christian Bessiere1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    The Balance Constraint Family Christian Bessiere1 , Emmanuel Hebrard2 , George Katsirelos3 , Zeynep NICTA and University of New South Wales, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. The BALANCE constraint introduced by Beldiceanu ensures solutions are balanced. This is useful when, for example

  13. A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, FALL 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, FALL 2005 MR 11:00 am - 12:15 pm Instructor: Office: Phone: Email-1:45 pm; Thur. 1-3 pm; or by appointment. Course Overview: A Delicate Balance is the capstone course of informing public policy in order to address these pressing environmental concerns. A Delicate Balance

  14. Motivation: Three primary means of bipedal balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruina, Andy L.

    Motivation: · Three primary means of bipedal balance: · 1) Foot placement 2) Ankle torque 3) Body: · Attempt to balance the Cornell Ranger using only hip torque Theoretical Bound: · Find upper bound Bipedal Balance with Small Feet Matthew P. Kelly, Andy Ruina Mechanical Engineering, Cornell Realistic

  15. The Science of Global Warming Energy Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    The Science of Global Warming ·Energy Balance ·Feedback Loops Global Warming can be understood complexities ·Introduce a Simple Model of Energy Balance ·Understand the Vocabulary ·Point out some units of energy input from the Sun = Temperature: 5.3 oC Greenhouse Effect 101: A Balance is Achieved

  16. Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks Ivan Howitt Electrical & Computer Engineering because of their higher traffic. This paper suggests an energy balanced chain (EBC) which can efficiently the energy balance optimization problem in terms of the segmentation space. By adjusting the transmission

  17. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelof the international urban energy balance model comparison,

  18. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

  19. How is the balance between protein synthesis and degradation achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    as: Rothman, How is the balance between protein synthesisAccess Research How is the balance between protein synthesisstate concentrations. Balance between them is achieved

  20. The Pursuit of Balance in Sequential Randomized Trials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiteras, Raymond P.; Levine, David I.; Polley, Thomas H.

    2015-01-01

    2003). “The pursuit of balance using stratified and dynamicThe Pursuit of Balance in Sequential Randomized Trials ?Mikel (2001). “Randomization, balance, and the validity and

  1. Quantifying mass balance processes on the Southern Patagonia Icefield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    distributed glacier mass balance for the Swiss Alps from re-al. : Quantifying mass balance processes on the SPI Glaciarand future surface mass balance of the Northern Patagonian

  2. Magnetostrophic balance as the optimal state for turbulent magnetoconvection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, EM; Aurnou, JM

    2015-01-01

    that the magnetostrophic balance is no longer attained (Magnetostrophic balance as the optimal state for turbulentLorentz and Coriolis forces balance. One can estimate the

  3. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, JS; Wood, EF

    1994-01-01

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING cess runoff,models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,

  4. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelthree-dimensional urban energy balance model for studying

  5. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    AND WOOD: MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood,of spatially variable water and energy balance processes J.hydrological modeling. Water and energy balance models are

  6. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  7. Balance Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustriaBiofuels Brasil JumpGeorgia: EnergyBaker,BalBalance

  8. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance Jump to: navigation,

  9. Balance Systems and the Variational Bicomplex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serge Preston

    2011-07-09

    In this work we show that the systems of balance equations (balance systems) of continuum thermodynamics occupy a natural place in the variational bicomplex formalism. We apply the vertical homotopy decomposition to get a local splitting (in a convenient domain) of a general balance system as the sum of a Lagrangian part and a complemental "pure non-Lagrangian" balance system. In the case when derivatives of the dynamical fields do not enter the constitutive relations of the balance system, the "pure non-Lagrangian" systems coincide with the systems introduced by S. Godunov [Soviet Math. Dokl. 2 (1961), 947-948] and, later, asserted as the canonical hyperbolic form of balance systems in [M\\"uller I., Ruggeri T., Rational extended thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Springer Tracts in Natural Philosophy, Vol. 37, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998].

  10. Account Balance $0 to $999.99

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Account Balance $0 to $999.99 $1,000 to $2,499.99 $2,500 to $14,999.99 $15,000 + Deposit Account Rate Schedule Health Savings Account Current Interest Rates - 4 Tier: 0.25% to 1.00% Account balances to those portions of the minimum daily ledger balance within each tier. This results in a blended APY based

  11. A generalized detailed balance relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Ruelle

    2015-10-28

    Given a system $M$ in a thermal bath we obtain a generalized detailed balance relation for the ratio $r=\\pi_\\tau(K\\to J)/\\pi_\\tau(J\\to K)$ of the transition probabilities $M:J\\to K$ and $M:K\\to J$ in time $\\tau$. We assume an active bath, containing solute molecules in metastable states. These molecules may react with $M$ and the transition $J\\to K$ occurs through different channels $\\alpha$ involving different reactions with the bath. We find that $r=\\sum p^\\alpha r^\\alpha$, where $p^\\alpha$ is the probability that channel $\\alpha$ occurs, and $r^\\alpha$ depends on the amount of heat (more precisely enthalpy) released to the bath in channel $\\alpha$.

  12. Device for balancing parallel strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashikian, Matthew S. (Storrs, CT)

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means in association with each of the battery strings in the battery plant for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings by equalizing the voltage across each of the battery strings. Each of the magnetic circuit means generally comprises means for sensing the electrical current flow through one of the battery strings, and a saturable reactor having a main winding connected electrically in series with the battery string, a bias winding connected to a source of alternating current and a control winding connected to a variable source of direct current controlled by the sensing means. Each of the battery strings is formed by a plurality of batteries connected electrically in series, and these battery strings are connected electrically in parallel across common bus conductors.

  13. Balancing Area Coordination: Efficiently Integrating Renewable...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    integration of variable renewable energy (VRE), such as wind and solar, into power systems. This efficiency is achieved by sharing or coordinating balancing resources and...

  14. ENTRY POINTS FOR THE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE DEAN'S OFFICE Administrative Annual Reports and Scorecard Morgan/Price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zallen, Richard

    Morgan/Price Calendar/due dates Price College data Furrow Combined Virginia Campaign (CVC) Stearns Committee Assignments Price COOP & Emergency Action Plans Simpkins/Stearns Departmental reviews (Contact/Wardell Heads' Meetings Price Heads' Retreat Price Information Technology issues (NAS) Furrow New programs

  15. Horava-Lifshitz gravity with detailed balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Vernieri; Thomas P. Sotiriou

    2012-12-18

    Horava-Lifshitz gravity with "detailed balance" but without the projectability assumption is discussed. It is shown that detailed balance is quite efficient in limiting the proliferation of couplings in Horava-Lifshitz gravity, and that its implementation without the projectability assumption leads to a theory with sensible dynamics. However, the (bare) cosmological constant is restricted to be large and negative.

  16. Stakeholder Transportation Scorecard: Reviewing Nevada's Recommendations for Enhancing the Safety and Security of Nuclear Waste Shipments - 13518

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilger, Fred C.; Ballard, James D.; Halstead, Robert J.

    2013-07-01

    As a primary stakeholder in the Yucca Mountain program, the state of Nevada has spent three decades examining and considering national policy regarding spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste transportation. During this time, Nevada has identified 10 issues it believes are critical to ensuring the safety and security of any spent nuclear fuel transportation program, and achieving public acceptance. These recommendations are: 1) Ship the oldest fuel first; 2) Ship mostly by rail; 3) Use dual-purpose (transportable storage) casks; 4) Use dedicated trains for rail shipments; 5) Implement a full-scale cask testing program; 6) Utilize a National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process for the selection of a new rail spur to the proposed repository site; 7) Implement the Western Interstate Energy Board (WIEB) 'straw man' process for route selection; 8) Implement Section 180C assistance to affected States, Tribes and localities through rulemaking; 9) Adopt safety and security regulatory enhancements proposed states; and 10) Address stakeholder concerns about terrorism and sabotage. This paper describes Nevada's proposals in detail and examines their current status. The paper describes the various forums and methods by which Nevada has presented its arguments and sought to influence national policy. As of 2012, most of Nevada's recommendations have been adopted in one form or another, although not yet implemented. If implemented in a future nuclear waste program, the State of Nevada believes these recommendations would form the basis for a successful national transportation plan for shipments to a geologic repository and/or centralized interim storage facility. (authors)

  17. Introduction of static load balancing in incremental parallel programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, J.

    Goodman,J. O'Donnell,J.T. Proceedings of Euro-Par 2001 Parallel Processing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 535-539, vol. 2150 pp 535-539 Springer

  18. Dynamic Load Balancing on Single- and Multi-GPU Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Long; Villa, Oreste; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Gao, Guang R.

    2010-04-19

    The computational power provided by many-core graphics processing units (GPUs) has been exploited in many applications. The programming techniques supported and employed on these GPUs are not sufficient to address problems exhibiting irregular, and unbalanced workload. The problem is exacerbated when trying to effectively exploit multiple GPUs, which are commonly available in many modern systems. In this paper, we propose a task-based dynamic load-balancing solution for single- and multi-GPU systems. The solution allows load balancing at a finer granularity than what is supported in existing APIs such as NVIDIA’s CUDA. We evaluate our approach using both micro-benchmarks and a molecular dynamics application that exhibits significant load imbalance. Experimental results with a single-GPU configuration show that our fine-grained task solution can utilize the hardware more efficiently than the CUDA scheduler for unbalanced workload. On multi-GPU systems, our solution achieves near-linear speedup, load balance, and significant performance improvement over techniques based on standard CUDA APIs.

  19. CBE Lab Tips **How to clean a balance**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    CBE Lab Tips **How to clean a balance** Proper cleaning and maintenance of our analytical balances, although it appears there was an attempt to clean the surface, there is still ample residue on the balance. Follow these tips: · Use one of the small balance brushes to lightly sweep residue from the balance

  20. Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programs and the Impacts of Alternative Sources of Funding: Case Study of Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2010-01-01

    2009. “The 2009 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. ” ACEEEFinancial Impact of Energy Efficiency Under a Federalwith Investment in Energy Efficiency: A Product of the

  1. Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programs and the Impacts of Alternative Sources of Funding: Case Study of Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2010-01-01

    2009. “The 2009 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. ” ACEEEFinancial Impact of Energy Efficiency Under a Federalhistory of pursuing energy efficiency, and has recently set

  2. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-14

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  3. Balance Calibration – A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration – A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer’s location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer’s specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer’s specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

  4. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-01-01

    Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.phase for the California energy balance for 2000 (

  5. NITROGEN BALANCE IN INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE IN THE NORTH CHINA PLAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuming; Hu, Chunsheng; Zhang, Jiabao; Chen, Deli

    2009-01-01

    differences in the soil water balance under perennial and1.8m) by the soil water balance (SWB) model (Heng et al.conducted. The soil water balance was calculated on a daily

  6. District-school leadership for organizational learning : finding the balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umekubo, Lisa Ann

    2012-01-01

    Learning: Finding the Balance Lisa A. Umekubo, a researcher/Learning: Finding the Balance CVESD has made an impact byLearning: Finding the Balance CVESD has made an impact by

  7. A reconciled estimate of ice-sheet mass balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    Estimate of Ice-Sheet Mass Balance Andrew Shepherd, 1 * Erikand models of surface mass balance and glacial isostaticThis Ice Sheet Mass Balance Exercise (IMBIE) was facilitated

  8. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-01-01

    Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

  9. Surface Energy Balance of the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bliss, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    G. L. Dana. Surface energy balance and meltwater productionice sheet: a comparison of energy-balance and a degree-dayvariations in the surface energy balance of haut glacier d’

  10. Uniplanar microwave balanced mixers and amplifiers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Pang-Cheng

    1995-01-01

    The completely uniplanar broadband singly balanced diode mixers and FET amplifiers, which utilize coplanar waveguide and slot line as the main transmission lines, are presented. These mixers and amplifiers have several desirable features...

  11. Background-free balanced optical cross correlator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nejadmalayeri, Amir Hossein; Kaertner, Franz X

    2014-12-23

    A balanced optical cross correlator includes an optical waveguide, a first photodiode including a first n-type semiconductor and a first p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a first side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry, and a second photodiode including a second n-type semiconductor and a second p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a second side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry. A balanced receiver including first and second inputs is configured to produce an output current or voltage that reflects a difference in currents or voltages, originating from the first and the second photodiodes of the balanced cross correlator and fed to the first input and to the second input of the balanced receiver.

  12. Work-life balance across the lifecourse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Lynn; Morton, Sarah

    In Summer 2004, CRFR held an international conference to explore work-life balance across the lifecourse. This briefing outlines some of the main issues from the conference, explores what we might learn from international comparisons, and makes...

  13. Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability with Daily Life in 21st as individuals with explicit value commitments interact with information technology. Specifically, ethnographic methods are being used to investigate the information technology adaptive process as it unfolds

  14. Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On September 1, 2011, DOE announced $42.4 million in funding over three years for the Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction (BOS-X) funding opportunity. Part of the SunShot Systems...

  15. IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    world Bracher, B. 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; MAINTENANCE; REPAIR Field balancing can achieve significant...

  16. Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable Energy with Lower Integration Costs Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable...

  17. Covariant Balance Laws in Continua with Microstructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arash Yavari; Jerrold E. Marsden

    2008-11-13

    The purpose of this paper is to extend the Green-Naghdi-Rivlin balance of energy method to continua with microstructure. The key idea is to replace the group of Galilean transformations with the group of diffeomorphisms of the ambient space. A key advantage is that one obtains in a natural way all the needed balance laws on both the macro and micro levels along with two Doyle-Erickson formulas.

  18. Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy Systems and Applicability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    (BSI) Cramer Commission Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) Rainforest Alliance Balanced Scorecard Green, da Atividade Agropecuaria (IB) Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS

  19. Torsion Balance Search for Lorentz-invariance, Dark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsion Balance Search for Lorentz-invariance, Dark Energy and Dark Matter Claire Cramer AAPT of unpolarized matter another particle's spin #12;Torsion balances Coulomb's torsion balance: A high precision-plated · magnetically shielded · 4 mirrors 2.6 cm #12;#12;The torsion balance apparatus feet pendulum magnetic shielding

  20. Mass balance of Vatnajokull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Mass balance of Vatnaj¨okull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958 L. A. Rasmussen Department seasonal components of mass balance of five Vatnaj¨okull outlet glaciers. Over the period of observations of mass balance between 1991 and 2001, it had percentage r2 rang- ing from 41 to 93 for winter balance bw

  1. Measuring Partial Balance in Signed Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aref, Samin

    2015-01-01

    Is the enemy of an enemy necessarily a friend, or a friend of a friend a friend? If not, to what extent does this tend to hold? Such questions were formulated in terms of signed (social) networks and necessary and sufficient conditions for a network to be "balanced" were obtained around 1960. Since then the idea that signed networks tend over time to become more balanced has been widely used in several application areas, such as international relations. However investigation of this hypothesis has been complicated by the lack of a standard measure of partial balance, since complete balance is almost never achieved in practice. We formalise the concept of a measure of partial balance, compare several known measures on real-world and synthetic datasets, as well as investigating their axiomatic properties. We use both well-known datasets from the sociology literature, such as Read's New Guinean tribes, and much more recent ones involving senate bill co-sponsorship. The synthetic data involves both Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'e...

  2. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.

    1995-12-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a larger number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  3. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.; Peierls, R.F.

    1995-08-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a large number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  4. Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Shanhui

    Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells Sunil Sandhu, Zongfu Yu, and Shanhui Fan-voltage characteristic modeling of nanophotonic solar cells. This approach takes into account the intrinsic material non-idealities, and is useful for determining the theoretical limit of solar cell efficiency for a given structure. Our approach

  5. 3. Energy conversion, balances, efficiency, equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    1/124 3. Energy conversion, balances, efficiency, equilibrium (Introduction to Thermodynamics) Ron and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku | Finland 2/124 3.1: Energy Åbo Akademi University | Thermal and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku | Finland #12;3/124 What is energy? /1 "Energy is any quantity that changes

  6. Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency Wenfeng Qian1 , Jian-Rong Yang1, Guangzhou, China Abstract Cellular efficiency in protein translation is an important fitness determinant and that translational efficiency is maximized by the exclusive use of rapidly translated codons. Here we estimate

  7. Energy Balance and Emissions Associated with Biochar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    emissions of optimizing a slow pyrolysis-based bioenergy system for biochar and energy production rather pyrolysis systems produce some char as a product. In this paper we refer to this material as biochar (whichEnergy Balance and Emissions Associated with Biochar Sequestration and Pyrolysis Bioenergy

  8. State of balance of the cryosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Veen, Cornelis J.

    1991-12-05

    of the retreat. The interior part of the Greenland ice sheet appears to be thickening or in near equilibrium, but this ice sheet may be thinning in the coastal areas. Estimates of the mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet suggest that it is positive, although...

  9. Java Programming Certificate Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Java Programming Certificate Program COMPUTER PROGRAMMING The Java programming language lies that fuel the Internet economy. In addition, the portability inherent in Java is useful for programming languages are likely to encounter projects in the near future that require knowledge of Java. Who Should

  10. Java Programming Certificate Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Java Programming Certificate Program COMPUTER PROGRAMMING The Java programming language lies that fuel the Internet economy. In addition, the portability inherent in Java is useful for programming are likely to encounter projects in the near future that require knowledge of Java. Who Should Enroll

  11. Vulnerable Strong Farm Finance Scorecard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    risk and borrowing capacity of the business. 9. Rate of return on farm equity - represents the interest farm income - represents return to 3 things, · Your labor, · Your management and · Your equity, that you have invested in the business. It is the reward for investing your unpaid family labor, management

  12. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Fourth...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Bldg & AICPSL, and 320-M Alloy Bldg313- M Canning Bldg & AICPSL; Underground Sumps at 321-M 001 & 002) 7312009 2182010 8102009 9302009 DOEEPASC: RCRA B,EA,F...

  13. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Fourth...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (resolved by NMED on 05122010). N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) GREEN GREEN (0 0) GREEN (0 0) N A N A...

  14. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? First...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    on resolution of this remaining NOV. N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) GREEN GREEN (0 0) GREEN (0 0) N A N A...

  15. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Third...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    No status change during the quarter. N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) GREEN GREEN (0 0) GREEN (0 0) N A N A...

  16. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Second...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    No status change during the quarter. N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) GREEN GREEN (0 0) GREEN (0 0) N A N A...

  17. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Second...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0) GREEN (1 1) N A N A N A Carlsbad Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (CBFO WIPP) GREEN N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering...

  18. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? First...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1) GREEN (1 1) N A N A N A Carlsbad Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (CBFO WIPP) GREEN N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering...

  19. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Fourth...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    can be considered to be closed. N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) GREEN GREEN (0 0) GREEN (0 0) N A N A...

  20. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Third...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    NMED on resolution of these NOVs. N A (0 0) N A (0 0) N A N A SA Completed Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) GREEN GREEN (0 0) GREEN (2 2) N A N A...

  1. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? First...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    field monitoring activities. A fine of 38,520 was levied by the State. The CBFO and WTS met with the NMED on January 22, 2009 to negotiate a settlement agreement. The NMED...

  2. Environmental Compliance Performance Scorecard ??? Second...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    field monitoring activities. A fine of 38,520 was levied by the State. The CBFO and WTS met with the NMED on January 22, 2009 to negotiate a settlement agreement. The NMED...

  3. Industrial Facility Best Practice Scorecard

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide toIMPROVEMENT OFBarriers to Industrial Energy Efficiency

  4. A comparison of material balance calculations based on equilibrium ratios with Schilthuis balance calculations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clanton, John L

    1956-01-01

    . CALCULATION OF OIL INITIALLY IN PLACE BY SCHILTHUIS MATERIAL BALANCE . . . ZO 6. MATERIAL BALANCE BASED ON EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANTS 7. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS 8. CONCLUSIONS 9. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 10. REFERENCES 11. BIBLIOGRAPHY , 36 . 38 39 LIST... OF FIGURES AND TABLES FIGURES FOLLOWING PAGE Isovol Map of Scurry Reef Reservoir 22 Histogram of Production, Gas-Oil Ratio, Pressure and Water Injection History. Shrinkage of Scurry Reef Reservoir Oil, Scurry County, Texas. Gas Volumes Liberated from...

  5. USDA Regional Conservation Partnership Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is accepting applications for the Regional Conservation Partnership Program to identify and address natural resource objectives in balance with operational goals in order to benefit soil, water, wildlife, and related natural resources locally, regionally, and nationally.

  6. The power balance method For aerodynamic performance assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Sho, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis describes the use of the power balance method for performance estimation of aircraft configurations. In this method, mechanical power production and mechanical power consumption of the aircraft are balanced, ...

  7. Mass balance of four East Antarctic outlet glaciers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stearns, Leigh

    2011-12-01

    Mountains, the balance characteristics of which are largely unknown. Here the mass balance is estimated for four glaciers draining ice from the EAIS through the Transantarctic Mountains into the Ross Sea embayment: David, Mulock, Byrd and Nimrod glaciers...

  8. Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Both...

  9. First law energy balance as a data screening tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16

    This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...

  10. On static equilibrium and balance puzzler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samrat Dey; Ashish Paul; Dipankar Saikia; Deepjyoti Kalita; Anamika Debbarma; Shaheen Akhtar Wahab; Saurabh Sarma

    2012-12-12

    The principles of static equilibrium are of special interest to civil engineers. For a rigid body to be in static equilibrium the condition is that net force and net torque acting on the body should be zero. That clearly signifies that if equal weights are placed on either sides of a balance, the balance should be in equilibrium, even if its beam is not horizontal (we have considered the beam to be straight and have no thickness, an ideal case). Thus, although the weights are equal, they will appear different which is puzzling. This also shows that the concept of equilibrium is confusing, especially neutral equilibrium is confused to be stable equilibrium. The study not only throws more light on the concept of static equilibrium, but also clarifies that a structure need not be firm and steady even if it is in static equilibrium.

  11. Detailed balance in Horava-Lifshitz gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianluca Calcagni

    2010-02-04

    We study Horava-Lifshitz gravity in the presence of a scalar field. When the detailed balance condition is implemented, a new term in the gravitational sector is added in order to maintain ultraviolet stability. The four-dimensional theory is of a scalar-tensor type with a positive cosmological constant and gravity is nonminimally coupled with the scalar and its gradient terms. The scalar field has a double-well potential and, if required to play the role of the inflation, can produce a scale-invariant spectrum. The total action is rather complicated and there is no analog of the Einstein frame where Lorentz invariance is recovered in the infrared. For these reasons it may be necessary to abandon detailed balance. We comment on open problems and future directions in anisotropic critical models of gravity.

  12. Refined critical balance in strong Alfvenic turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Mallet; A. A. Schekochihin; B. D. G. Chandran

    2015-08-24

    We present numerical evidence that in strong Alfvenic turbulence, the critical balance principle---equality of the nonlinear decorrelation and linear propagation times---is scale invariant, in the sense that the probability distribution of the ratio of these times is independent of scale. This result only holds if the local alignment of the Elsasser fields is taken into account in calculating the nonlinear time. At any given scale, the degree of alignment is found to increase with fluctuation amplitude, supporting the idea that the cause of alignment is mutual dynamical shearing of Elsasser fields. The scale-invariance of critical balance (while all other quantities of interest are strongly intermittent, i.e., have scale-dependent distributions) suggests that it is the most robust of the scaling principles used to describe Alfvenic turbulence. The quality afforded by situ fluctuation measurements in the solar wind allows for direct verification of this fundamental principle.

  13. Nuclear Dynamics at the Balance Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

    2003-11-05

    We study the mass dependence of various quantities (like the average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, temperature as well as time zones for higher density) by simulating the reactions at the energy of vanishing flow. This study is carried out within the framework of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. Our findings clearly indicate an existence of a power law in all the above quantities calculated at the balance energy. The only significant mass dependence was obtained for the temperature reached in the central sphere. All other quantities are rather either insensitive or depend weakly on the system size at balance energy. The time zone for higher density as well as the time of maximal density and collision rate follow a power law inverse to the energy of vanishing flow.

  14. Nigerian refineries strive for product balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obuasi, P.A.

    1985-06-17

    This article discusses the growth patterns of the Nigerian refining industry. Production and consumption are expected to follow the pattern of consumption of fuel products by the domestic market, Presently, however, production and consumption are not evenly balanced for most fuel products, and non-fuel products are domestically consumed but not produced. Some progress has been made in the effort to match production and consumption of fuel products. But the progress that would have been made to balance non-fuel products has been nullified by 50% of the Daduna refinery being idle. This is due to problems associated with importation of heavy crude oil into Nigeria and also a weak market for asphalt in Nigeria.

  15. Biomass Program 2007 Accomplishments - Report Introduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-10-27

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE’s) Biomass Program works with industry, academia and its national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolio of research in biomass feedstocks and conversion technologies. This document provides the introduction to the 2007 Program Accomplishments Report.

  16. Biomass Program 2007 Accomplishments - Full Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-10-27

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE’s) Biomass Program works with industry, academia and its national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolio of research in biomass feedstocks and conversion technologies. This document provides Program accomplishments for 2007.

  17. Energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulf Leonhardt

    2005-12-21

    We calculate the energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics such as Bose-Einstein condensates. In agreement with the experiment [G. K. Campbell et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 170403 (2005)] variations of the Minkowski momentum are imprinted onto the phase, whereas the Abraham tensor drives the flow of the dielectric. Our analysis indicates that the Abraham-Minkowski controversy has its root in the Roentgen interaction of the electromagnetic field in dielectric media.

  18. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, Russell; Ludwig, Peter; Maurer, Tessa

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution, and controls. The imbalance leads to tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity, and inefficient building operation. This research, conducted by Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61°F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1°F to 15.5°F.

  19. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

  20. Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnin, Michele

    Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation Michele of the unperturbed system. On the other hand, spectral techniques, like the Harmonic Balance, have been widely's integral over the Harmonic Balance approximation of the unperturbed orbits. The proposed method

  1. Development of Balancing Markets in the West Status Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development of Balancing Markets in the West ­ Status Report Wally Gibson Power Committee Missoula, Montana January 11, 2011 #12;January 11, 2011 2 Overview · Why balancing markets? · Related 6th Power Plan · Balancing is particularly a problem now for BAs with large amounts of wind, e.g., BPA · What can be done

  2. Lifetime Benefits through Load Balancing in Homogeneous Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haenggi, Martin

    , battery depletion is emulated so that it becomes possible to actually measure the load balancingLifetime Benefits through Load Balancing in Homogeneous Sensor Networks Daniele Puccinelli network. The use of load balancing schemes can be expected to provide significant lifetime benefits

  3. Complexity of Layered Binary Search Trees with Relaxed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsen, Kim Skak

    Complexity of Layered Binary Search Trees with Relaxed Balance Lars Jacobsen Kim S. Larsen University of Southern Denmark, Odense Abstract. When search trees are made relaxed, balance constraints circumstances. However, the weakened balance constraints also make it more challenging to prove complexity

  4. HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM MATANIA BEN-ARTZI AND JIEQUAN LI Abstract. The Generalized Riemann Problem (GRP) for nonlinear hyperbolic system of m balance-resolution) generalization of the Godunov scheme. Key words: Hyperbolic balance laws, Generalized Riemann problem (GRP

  5. Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing for Heterogeneous Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing for Heterogeneous Systems Michael Boyer, Shuai Che AMD #12;2 | Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing | June 14, 2011 Motivation Many applications;3 | Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing | June 14, 2011 Leveraging Multiple Devices Writing correct

  6. Fluctuations and Energy Balance in Solar and Stellar Dynamos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ossendrijver, Mathieu

    Fluctuations and Energy Balance in Solar and Stellar Dynamos #12;How countless are your works HAAG Ossendrijver, Antonius Joannes Hendrikus Fluctuations and energy balance in solar and stellar-393-1345-8 #12;Fluctuations and Energy Balance in Solar and Stellar Dynamos Fluctuaties en energiebalans in zonne

  7. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01

    WP 171 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: ProgressiveTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the

  8. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along theconsumer desires. 1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal

  9. Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

    2001-01-01

    identification and energy balance models on a tallgrassdata for surface energy balance evaluation of a semiaridWatershed. We are energy balance components over a semiarid

  10. The impact of remineralization depth on the air–sea carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, EY; Primeau, F; Sarmiento, JL

    2009-01-01

    on the air–sea carbon balance Eun Young Kwon 1 * , Françoistion depth—depends on the balance between particle sinkingfactors can affect this balance, including temperature 1 ,

  11. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurbanmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  12. Quantification of colloidal and aqueous element transfer in soils: The dual-phase mass balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bern, CR; Thompson, A; Chadwick, OA

    2015-01-01

    1987) Constitutive mass balance relations between chemicalprocesses using mass balance princi- ples. Econ. Geol. 80,and Chorover J. (2011) A mass-balance model to separate and

  13. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    9421-3 ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above anmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  14. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal of Energy Policy

  15. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive EfficiencyTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may

  16. Application of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrass prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    Application of multiscale water and energy balance models onAPPLICATION OF MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELSand macroscale models of water and energy balance, Ph.D.

  17. Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

    2001-01-01

    distributed land surface water and energy balance model Pauldistributed land surface water and energy balance model (because models of water and energy balance, Ph.D.

  18. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

    1997-07-01

    Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

  19. Effect of short-term material balances on the projected uranium measurement uncertainties for the gas centrifuge enrichment plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younkin, J.M.; Rushton, J.E.

    1980-02-05

    A program is under way to design an effective International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system that could be applied to the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP). This system would integrate nuclear material accountability with containment and surveillance. Uncertainties in material balances due to errors in the measurements of the declared uranium streams have been projected on a yearly basis for GCEP under such a system in a previous study. Because of the large uranium flows, the projected balance uncertainties were, in some cases, greater than the IAEA goal quantity of 75 kg of U-235 contained in low-enriched uranium. Therefore, it was decided to investigate the benefits of material balance periods of less than a year in order to improve the sensitivity and timeliness of the nuclear material accountability system. An analysis has been made of projected uranium measurement uncertainties for various short-term material balance periods. To simplify this analysis, only a material balance around the process area is considered and only the major UF/sub 6/ stream measurements are included. That is, storage areas are not considered and uranium waste streams are ignored. It is also assumed that variations in the cascade inventory are negligible compared to other terms in the balance so that the results obtained in this study are independent of the absolute cascade inventory. This study is intended to provide information that will serve as the basis for the future design of a dynamic materials accounting component of the IAEA safeguards system for GCEP.

  20. Heat Balance Study for Submersible Mixer Pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.Y.

    2003-07-21

    A transient heat balance model was developed to assess the impact of a Submersible Mixer Pump (SMP) on waste temperature during the process of waste mixing and removal for the Type-I SRS tanks. The model results will be mainly used to determine the SMP design impacts on the waste tank temperature during operations and to develop a specification for a new SMP design to replace existing long-shaft mixer pumps used during waste removal. The model will also be used to provide input to the operation planning. This planning will be used as input to pump run duration in order to maintain temperature requirements within the tank during SMP operation.

  1. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  2. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  3. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-23

    The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  4. Festival de Teatro de La Habana: Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa Domí nguez, Carlos

    1982-04-01

    corrientes y estilos. 66 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Es de notar asimismo la preferencia por los temas actuales. Diecisiete títu los de los que se vieron se inscriben en esa línea, lo cual está en relación di recta con las exigencias de un público que... labor desarrollada por los artistas cubanos en estos últimos dos años. En tal sentido, a partir de los montajes que en el mismo se pusieron puede realizarse un balance crítico de los caminos y corrientes que confluyen hoy en este movimiento. En su...

  5. Rotary engine cooling system with flow balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, C.

    1987-05-12

    This patent describes a rotary internal combustion engine having a trochoid rotor housing section and having a group of cooling passages extending through a top-dead-center (TDC) region. The engine is characterized by: at least one passage of the group following a curved path which extends through a first hotter portion of the TDC region, by at least one further passage of the group following a substantially uncurved path through a second cooler portion of the TDC region, and by a fluid restriction for restricting fluid flow through the at least one further passage to balance coolant flow between the passages.

  6. Structure Fitness Sharing (SFS) for Evolutionary Design by Genetic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Structure Fitness Sharing (SFS) for Evolutionary Design by Genetic Programming Abstract Balanced structure and parameter search is critical to evolutionary design with genetic programming (GP). Structure problems such as algorithm design, program induction and logic design, in which only structure search

  7. Force Density Balance inside the Hydrogen Atom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, F J

    2015-01-01

    Motivated by the long-debated question about the internal stability of the electron, the force densities acting on the charge density of the 1s electron in the H atom are investigated. The problem is mapped onto the canonical formalism for a classical Dirac field coupled to the electric field of an external point charge. An explicit calculation shows that the attractive Coulomb force density is balanced exactly at every point in space by the repulsive confinement force density. The latter requires evaluating the divergence of the stress tensor for the 1s solution of the Dirac equation. Such a local force balance goes beyond the global stability criteria that are usually given for the H atom. This concept is extended to the internal stability of any charged particle by investigating the force densities acting on its surrounding vacuum polarization. At large distances one has to consider only the charge density of virtual electrons and positrons, induced by a point charge in the vacuum of quantum electrodynamic...

  8. Evaluation of the evaporative fraction for parameterization of the surface energy balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, W.E. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Cuenca, R.H. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

    1993-11-01

    The evaporative fraction is a ratio of latent heat flux to the sum of latent and sensible heat fluxes. It has been used to characterize the energy partition over land surfaces and has potential for inferring daily energy balance information based on midday remote sensing measurements. The HAPEX-MOBILHY program SAMER system provided surface energy balance data over a range of agricultural crops and soil types. Data from this large-scale field experiment was analyzed to study the behavior and daylight stability of the evaporative fraction in both ideal and general meteorological conditions. Strong linear relations were found to exist between the midday evaporative fraction and the daylight evaporative fraction. Statistical tests, however, rejected the hypothesis that the two quantities were equal. Relations between the evaporative fraction and surface soil moisture as well as soil moisture over the complete root zone were explored, but no correlation was identified. 33 refs., 11 figs., 6 tabs.

  9. Low-Level waste phase 1 melter testing off gas and mass balance evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, C.N.

    1996-06-28

    Commercially available melter technologies were tested during 1994-95 as part of a multiphase program to test candidate technologies for vitrification of the low-level waste (LLW) stream to be derived from retrieval and pretreatment of Hanford Site tank wastes. Seven vendors were selected for Phase 1 testing to demonstrate vitrification of a high sodium content liquid LLW simulant. The tested melter technologies included four Joule-heated melters, a carbon electrode melter, a combustion melter, and a plasma melter. Various dry and slurry melter feed preparation processes were also tested. Various feed material samples, product glass samples, and process offgas streams were characterized to provide data for evaluation of process decontamination factors and material mass balances for each vitrification technology. This report describes the melter mass balance evaluations and results for six of the Phase 1 LLW melter vendor demonstration tests.

  10. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

    1981-03-05

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

  11. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, Bernard M. (Oak Park, IL); Miyano, Kenjiro (Downers Grove, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

    1983-01-01

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

  12. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

    1983-11-08

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed. 5 figs.

  13. Ensure Program Correctness Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Ensure Program Correctness Programming Languages and Formal Methods Research Group Lab Coordinator Bow-Yaw Wang The Programming Languages and Formal Methods Research Group develops techniques to help ensure program correctness. Our research in programming languages focuses on syntactic, semantic

  14. A meaningful expansion around detailed balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Colangeli; Christian Maes; Bram Wynants

    2011-01-18

    We consider Markovian dynamics modeling open mesoscopic systems which are driven away from detailed balance by a nonconservative force. A systematic expansion is obtained of the stationary distribution around an equilibrium reference, in orders of the nonequilibrium forcing. The first order around equilibrium has been known since the work of McLennan (1959), and involves the transient irreversible entropy flux. The expansion generalizes the McLennan formula to higher orders, complementing the entropy flux with the dynamical activity. The latter is more kinetic than thermodynamic and is a possible realization of Landauer's insight (1975) that, for nonequilibrium, the relative occupation of states also depends on the noise along possible escape routes. In that way nonlinear response around equilibrium can be meaningfully discussed in terms of two main quantities only, the entropy flux and the dynamical activity. The expansion makes mathematical sense as shown in the simplest cases from exponential ergodicity.

  15. Torsion-balance probes of fundamental physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger

    2013-08-14

    This white paper is submitted as part of Snowmass2013 (subgroup CF2). The extraordinary sensitivity of torsion-balances can be used to search for the ultra-feeble forces suggested by attempts to unify gravity with the other fundamental interactions. The motivation, the results and their implications as well as the future prospects of this work are summarized. The experiments include tests of the universality of free fall (weak equivalence principle), probes of the short-distance behavior of gravity (inverse-square law tests for extra dimensions and exchange forces from new meV scale bosons), and Planck-scale tests of Lorentz invariance (preferred-frame effects, non-commutative geometries).

  16. Power Electronics and Balance of System Hardware Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    DOE is targeting solar technology improvements related to power electronics and balance of system (BOS) hardware technologies to reduce the installed cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity and...

  17. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

  18. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Annual Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

  19. Balanced Flow Geostrophic, Inertial, Gradient, and Cyclostrophic Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennon, Christopher C.

    Balanced Flow Geostrophic, Inertial, Gradient, and Cyclostrophic Flow The types of atmospheric flows describe here have the following characteristics: 1) Steady state (meaning that the flows do surfaces) These are "idealized" flows, created by balances of horizontal forces. They provide a qualitative

  20. Part 1. Energy and Mass Energy Balance and Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Youmin

    Part 1. Energy and Mass Chapter 3. Energy Balance and Temperature #12;Introduction Solar radiation Gases also scatter energy The global energy budget A balance between incoming solar radiation and outgoing terrestrial radiation #12;Atmospheric Influences on Insolation Radiant energy is absorbed

  1. Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    January 2012. [1] To better estimate the radiation energy within and beneath the forest canopy for energy the energy balance and snowmelt beneath the forest canopy. Parsimony in terms of model complexity and dataCanopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model Vinod Mahat1 and David G

  2. Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results James A. Sherrard Jr.1 and Jennifer M. Jacobs, M.ASCE2 Abstract: A five parameter, daily vegetated roof water balance model (VR-WBM) was developed, calibrated, and validated by using experimental vegetated roof data from the Seacoast, New

  3. Mechatronic design of a ball-on-plate balancing system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    Mechatronic design of a ball-on-plate balancing system Shorya Awtar, C. Bernard, N. Boklund, A the conception and development of a ball-on-plate balancing system based on mechatronic design principles was designed and built by students as part of the course Mechatronics System Design at Rensselaer. Ó 2002

  4. Heuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    Reiger, 1986. In some cases, such as in the constructionof hydraulic, steam or gas turbines, fan blades to counteract the residual un- balance. For gas and steam turbines, this is necessary not only when the engineHeuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny John J. Bartholdi, III John H. Vande Vate

  5. Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

  6. Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toumpis, Stavros

    Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law Stavros Toumpis Electrical balancing in wireless networks with a single class of traffic, focusing our attention on an important example, i.e., Wireless Sensor Networks. The analysis is based on the Wireless Minimum Cost Problem

  7. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  8. EPLA: Energy-balancing Packets Scheduling for Airborne Relaying Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). We propose an energy-efficient relaying scheme which is able to overcomeEPLA: Energy-balancing Packets Scheduling for Airborne Relaying Networks Kai Li1 Wei Ni2 Xin Wang3 then schedules UAVs' forwarding with guaranteed success rates and balanced energy consumption. Such scheduling

  9. Means and method of balancing multi-cylinder reciprocating machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, John A. (North Troy, NY); Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

    1985-01-01

    A virtual balancing axis arrangement is described for multi-cylinder reciprocating piston machines for effectively balancing out imbalanced forces and minimizing residual imbalance moments acting on the crankshaft of such machines without requiring the use of additional parallel-arrayed balancing shafts or complex and expensive gear arrangements. The novel virtual balancing axis arrangement is capable of being designed into multi-cylinder reciprocating piston and crankshaft machines for substantially reducing vibrations induced during operation of such machines with only minimal number of additional component parts. Some of the required component parts may be available from parts already required for operation of auxiliary equipment, such as oil and water pumps used in certain types of reciprocating piston and crankshaft machine so that by appropriate location and dimensioning in accordance with the teachings of the invention, the virtual balancing axis arrangement can be built into the machine at little or no additional cost.

  10. Interstellar Turbulence, Cloud Formation and Pressure Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni

    1998-10-23

    We discuss HD and MHD compressible turbulence as a cloud-forming and cloud-structuring mechanism in the ISM. Results from a numerical model of the turbulent ISM at large scales suggest that the phase-like appearance of the medium, the typical values of the densities and magnetic field strengths in the intercloud medium, as well as Larson's velocity dispersion-size scaling relation in clouds may be understood as consequences of the interstellar turbulence. However, the density-size relation appears to only hold for the densest simulated clouds, there existing a large population of small, low-density clouds, which, on the other hand, are hardest to observe. We then discuss several tests and implications of a fully dynamical picture of interstellar clouds. The results imply that clouds are transient, constantly being formed, distorted and disrupted by the turbulent velocity field, with a fraction of these fluctuations undergoing gravitational collapse. Simulated line profiles and estimated cloud lifetimes are consistent with observational data. In this scenario, we suggest it is quite unlikely that quasi-hydrostatic structures on any scale can form, and that the near pressure balance between clouds and the intercloud medium is an incidental consequence of the density field driven by the turbulence and in the presence of appropriate cooling, rather than a driving or confining mechanism.

  11. Balanced homodyne detectors and Casimir energy densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Marecki

    2008-03-22

    We recall and generalize the analysis of the output of the so-called balanced homodyne detectors. The most important feature of these detectors is their ability to quantify the vacuum fluctuations of the electric field, that is expectation values of products of (quantum-) electric-field operators. More precisely, the output of BHDs provides information on the one- and two-point functions of arbitrary states of quantum fields. We generalize the analysis of the response of BHDs to the case of quantum fields under influence of static external conditions such as cavities or polarizable media. By recalling the expressions for two-point functions of quantum fields in Casimir geometries we show, that a rich, position- and frequency-dependent pattern of BHD responses is predicted for ground states. This points to a potentially new characterization of quantum fields in Casimir setups which would not only complement the current global methods (Casimir forces), but also improve understanding of sub-vacuum energy densities present in some regions in these geometries.

  12. Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messenger, Mike

    2010-01-01

    of Ratepayer-Funded Energy Efficiency in the U.S. ,” LBNL-October. Consortium for Energy Efficiency 2009. “2008 AnnualThe 2008 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. ” American

  13. The energy balance in polars revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavin Ramsay; Mark Cropper

    2003-09-19

    In the EXOSAT and ROSAT eras a significant number of polars were found to show a soft/hard X-ray ratio much greater than that expected from the standard accretion shock model. This was known as the `soft X-ray excess'. We have made an snapshot survey of polars using XMM-Newton and determined their soft/hard ratios. We find that less than one in five of systems show a significant soft X-ray excess, while the rest show ratios consistent with that predicted by the standard model. We have investigated the discrepancy between this and the previous investigations by re-examining all the available ROSAT PSPC pointed observations of polars using more recent calibrations than in the original studies. We find that these data show an energy balance ratio which is broadly consistent with that of our XMM-Newton results. We conclude that the previous studies were affected by the data being less well calibrated. We discuss which physical mechanisms might give rise to a high soft X-ray excess and whether systems with high ratios show more variation in soft X-rays. Surprisingly, we find that 6 out of 21 systems found in a high accretion state did not show a distinct soft X-ray component. Two systems showed one pole with such a component and one which did not. Based on the ratio of the observed soft X-ray to UV flux measurements (which were obtained simultaneously using the Optical Monitor) we suggest that this is because the reprocessed component in these systems is cool enough to have moved out of the soft X-ray band and into the EUV or UV band.

  14. Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School;Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School/ College 1

  15. Structure Fitness Sharing (SFS) for Evolutionary Design by Genetic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jianjun

    Structure Fitness Sharing (SFS) for Evolutionary Design by Genetic Programming Abstract Balanced structure and parameter search is critical to evolutionary design with Genetic programming (GP). Structure and in neural network design. In all of these problems, the objective is to search for an open-ended structure

  16. Control of carbon balance in a silicon smelting furnace

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dosaj, V.D.; Haines, C.M.; May, J.B.; Oleson, J.D.

    1992-12-29

    The present invention is a process for the carbothermic reduction of silicon dioxide to form elemental silicon. Carbon balance of the process is assessed by measuring the amount of carbon monoxide evolved in offgas exiting the furnace. A ratio of the amount of carbon monoxide evolved and the amount of silicon dioxide added to the furnace is determined. Based on this ratio, the carbon balance of the furnace can be determined and carbon feed can be adjusted to maintain the furnace in carbon balance.

  17. Dynamic balancing of planar mechanisms using toric geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Brian; Gosselin, Clement M

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a new method to determine the complete set of dynamically balanced planar four-bar mechanims is presented. Using complex variables to model the kinematics of the mechanism, the dynamic balancing constraints are written as algebraic equations over complex variables and joint angular velocities. After elimination of the joint angular velocity variables, the problem is formulated as a problem of factorization of Laurent polynomials. Using toric polynomial division, necessary and sufficient conditions for dynamic balancing of planar four-bar mechanisms are derived.

  18. Markov Chain Monte Carlo Method without Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hidemaro Suwa; Synge Todo

    2010-10-13

    We present a specific algorithm that generally satisfies the balance condition without imposing the detailed balance in the Markov chain Monte Carlo. In our algorithm, the average rejection rate is minimized, and even reduced to zero in many relevant cases. The absence of the detailed balance also introduces a net stochastic flow in a configuration space, which further boosts up the convergence. We demonstrate that the autocorrelation time of the Potts model becomes more than 6 times shorter than that by the conventional Metropolis algorithm. Based on the same concept, a bounce-free worm algorithm for generic quantum spin models is formulated as well.

  19. Differential flow in heavy-ion collisions at balance energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bao-An Li; Andrew T. Sustich

    1999-05-18

    A strong differential transverse collective flow is predicted for the first time to occur in heavy-ion collisions at balance energies. We also give a novel explanation for the disappearance of the total transverse collective flow at the balance energies. It is further shown that the differential flow especially at high transverse momenta is a useful microscope capable of resolving the balance energy's dual sensitivity to both the nuclear equation of state and in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections in the reaction dynamics.

  20. Effect of Sex of Subject and Experimenter on Hemispheric Balance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Joan; Wilkes, Chris; Crissman, Sue; Barchas, Pat

    2015-08-15

    stream_source_info #61 Effect of Sex of Subject and Experimenter on Hemispheric Balance.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 28922 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name #61 Effect of Sex of Subject and Experimenter... on Hemispheric Balance.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 A TECHNICAL REPORT The Laboratory for Social Research STANFORD, CALIFORNIASTANFORD UNIVERSITY EFFECT OF SEX OF SUBJECT AMD EXPERIMENTER OH HEMISPHERIC BALANCE Joan Ford Chris...

  1. Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    forest managements and land conversions on ecosystem services including energy partitioning (Gholz are more interested in water and carbon balances, quantifying forest energy balance offers insights to how Accepted 9 September 2009 Keywords: Energy balance Evapotranspiration Forest albedo Forest hydrology

  2. Application of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrass prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrassOF MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELS I •l I •. [models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,

  3. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductanceon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Boreal

  4. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductance of aon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.further alter the radiation balance and energy partitioning,

  5. Mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet from 1958 to 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rignot, E; Rignot, E; Box, JE; Burgess, E; Hanna, E

    2008-01-01

    ice sheet surface mass balance varia- bility (1988 – 2004)5 L20502 RIGNOT ET AL. : MASS BALANCE GREENLAND 1958 – 20072005), Runoff and mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet:

  6. Integration of Low-Skilled Immigrants to the United-States and Work-Family Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girard, Magali

    2012-01-01

    Conceptualizing Work­Family Balance:  Implications for and their Work­Life Balance (pp.  252­272).  Cambridge New Theory of Work/Family  Balance” Human Relations 53(6): 

  7. Water balance of the Arctic drainage system using GRACE gravimetry products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frappart, F; Ramillien, G; Famiglietti, JS

    2011-01-01

    of the Arctic Ocean freshwater balance and their interannualInteractions, 2, pp. 1–37. Water balance of the Arctic usingEWG climatology. Water balance of the Arctic using GRACE

  8. CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    2486.2007.01439.x CO 2 balance of boreal, temperate, andR T et al. Fig. 10 Observed CO 2 balance for boreal biomes.These CO 2 balances were not closed and therefore the

  9. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductancereserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Borealon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.

  10. Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

  11. Application of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrass prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,variable water and energy balance processes, Water Resour.OF MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELS sented at the

  12. The balance between theoretical method and basis set quality: A systematic study of equilibrium geometries, dipole moments,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    The balance between theoretical method and basis set quality: A systematic study of equilibrium the best balance between theoretical method and basis set quality. This "balance" was evident

  13. FACULTY EXCELLENCE Syracuse University's balanced commitment to scholarship, teaching,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    FACULTY EXCELLENCE Syracuse University's balanced commitment to scholarship, teaching, and research, college, or unit. The Power of Endowment #12;If you have ever thought about endowing a faculty position in an equal commitment from the dean of the school or

  14. Prediction of Power System Balancing Requirement and Tail Event

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Pease, John

    2010-04-30

    This paper presents a methodology for the prediction of power system balancing requirement and the probability of tail event (large imbalance between generation and load). Maintaining sufficient balancing reserves to match the difference between hourly generation schedule and real-time variable load and intermittent resources, becomes more and more challenging with the increasing penetration of intermittent energy sources. The presented methodology uses a yearly distribution and an hourly distribution of balancing requirement and tail events to provide a high level look at the issue and warn system operators of those hours when problems are most likely to occur. For real-time prediction, a Bayes Net model is constructed to model the statistical relationships between system imbalance and forecast errors, generation schedule control errors and other influential factors. The methodology will be able to provide reference information to system operators in determining the sufficiency of system balancing reserve and taking appropriate control actions.

  15. Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The trade balance (exports minus imports) for petroleum has been negative for more than a quarter of a century, meaning that the U.S. imports more petroleum than it exports. The largest petroleum...

  16. Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Both grid-connected and off-grid home renewable energy systems require additional balance-of-system equipment. Both grid-connected and off-grid home renewable energy...

  17. On Load Balancing in a Dense Wireless Multihop Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyytiä, Esa

    3000, FIN 02015 TKK, Finland Abstract-- We study the load balancing problem in a dense wireless Research Center and by the Academy of Finland (grant n:o 202204). maximum is not a topic of this paper

  18. OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONAL ANKLE INSTABILITY AND BALANCE EXERCISE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Tarang Kumar

    2014-08-31

    OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONAL ANKLE INSTABILITY AND BALANCE EXERCISE TREATMENT By Copyright 2014 Tarang Kumar Jain D.P.T., University of Kansas Medical Center, 2012 B.P.T., MGM Medical College, DAVV University, Indore, INDIA, 2003...

  19. Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RELEASE Thursday, May 16, 2013 CONTACT: Doug Johnson, 503-230-5840 or 503-230-5131 Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment to work on broader solutions Portland,...

  20. Work/Family Balance for Men in Student Affairs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Shailendra Mohan

    2012-07-16

    This qualitative study will examine the concept of work/family demand specifically through the lens of male student affairs practitioners. Work family balance has been identified as a critical issue for the field of HRD impacting both individual...

  1. Relative efficiency of land surface energy balance components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateni, S. M.

    [1] The partitioning of available energy into dissipative fluxes over land surfaces is dependent on the state variable of the surface energy balance (land surface temperature) and the state variable of the surface water ...

  2. A BALANCED DIPLOMACY TOURNAMENT ANDREW ASH, J. MARSHALL ASH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, J. Marshall

    A BALANCED DIPLOMACY TOURNAMENT ANDREW ASH, J. MARSHALL ASH , TIMOTHY L. MCMURRY, AND BRIDGETPaul University Faculty Summer Research Grants. 1 #12;2 A. ASH, J. M. ASH, T. L. MCMURRY, AND B. E. TENNER

  3. Numerical balancing in a humidification dehumidification desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Jacob A., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    This thesis details research on the thermal and concentration balancing of a humidification dehumidification desalination system. The system operates similarly to the natural rain cycle. Seawater is heated, sprayed into ...

  4. Low Temperature Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Balance-of-Plant Manufactur...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Balance-of-Plant Manufacturing Needs Low Temperature Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Balance-of-Plant Manufacturing Needs Presented at the NREL Hydrogen and...

  5. Holocene hydrologic balance of tropical South America from oxygen isotopes of lake sediment opal, Venezuelan Andes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Alexander P.

    Holocene hydrologic balance of tropical South America from oxygen isotopes of lake sediment opal.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: oxygen isotopes; biogenic opal; hydrologic balance; Holocene; Venezuela

  6. GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Balance as of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Beginning Balance as of July 1 Actual Inception-to- Date Current/100)) = $2,093.48) Project Start: 7/1/2009 Current End: 1/1/2012 Index: F0000A - SES APSF Grwth Pro Sci Degr,840.00 $19,539.17 **Projected F&A Cost: $2,093.48 Available Balance: $17,445.69 ** Less F&A calculation

  7. Balancing of high speed, flexible rotating shafts across critical speeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Gary Paul

    1977-01-01

    BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by Gary Paul White Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1977 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering Gary Paul White 1977 BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by GARY PAUL WHITE Approved as to style and content by: Head of Department Member August...

  8. Off-balance-sheet financing to the refining industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, J.H. [Pace Consultants Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Off-balance-sheet lending, or project finance, is becoming an increasingly popular means of capital formation in the refining and petrochemical industries. However, these transactions are substantially different from traditional corporate lending, and the demands placed on the borrower to examine, substantiate, and support the project are far greater. The following paper examines ways in which international banks and other lenders evaluate off-balance-sheet refinery projects and suggests ways to better structure financial representations.

  9. Program Administration

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-08-21

    This volume describes program administration that establishes and maintains effective organizational management and control of the emergency management program. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

  10. Interlanguage Programming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interlanguage Programming Interlanguage Programming This page provides examples of compilation and running scripts when mixing CC++ with Fortran codes. CMPI Main Calling Fortran...

  11. Accessible programming using program synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Rishabh

    2014-01-01

    New computing platforms have greatly increased the demand for programmers, but learning to program remains a big challenge. Program synthesis techniques have the potential to revolutionize programming by making it more ...

  12. Lifeline-based Global Load Balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saraswat, Vijay A.; Kambadur, Prabhanjan; Kodali, Sreedhar; Grove, David; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram

    2011-02-12

    On shared-memory systems, Cilk-style work-stealing has been used to effectively parallelize irregular task-graph based applications such as Unbalanced Tree Search (UTS). There are two main difficulties in extending this approach to distributed memory. In the shared memory approach, thieves (nodes without work) constantly attempt to asynchronously steal work from randomly chosen victims until they find work. In distributed memory, thieves cannot autonomously steal work from a victim without disrupting its execution. When work is sparse, this results in performance degradation. In essence, a direct extension of traditional work-stealing to distributed memory violates the work-first principle underlying work-stealing. Further, thieves spend useless CPU cycles attacking victims that have no work, resulting in system inefficiencies in multi-programmed contexts. Second, it is non-trivial to detect active distributed termination (detect that programs at all nodes are looking for work, hence there is no work). This problem is well-studied and requires careful design for good performance. Unfortunately, in most existing languages/frameworks, application developers are forced to implement their own distributed termination detection. In this paper, we develop a simple set of ideas that allow work-stealing to be efficiently extended to distributed memory. First, we introduce lifeline graphs: low-degree, low diameter, fully connected directed graphs. Such graphs can be constructed from k-dimensional hypercubes. When a node is unable to find work after w unsuccessful steals, it quiesces after informing the outgoing edges in its lifeline graph. Quiescent nodes do not disturb other nodes. A quiesced node is reactivated when work arrives from a lifeline and itself shares this work with those of its incoming lifelines that are activated. Termination occurs precisely when computation at all nodes has quiesced. In a language such as X10, such passive distributed termination can be detected automatically using the finish construct -- no application code is necessary.

  13. Hydrogen program summary Fiscal Year 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-03-01

    The annual program summary provides stakeholders within the hydrogen community with a snapshop of important advances that have occurred in the National Hydrogen Program over the fiscal year, including industry interactions and cooperation. The document will also be used to encourage additional potential industrial partners to join the Hydrogen Program Team. Fiscal Year 1994 marked a turning point for the Hydrogen Program, with a budget that grew significantly. The focus of the program was broadened to include development of hydrogen production technologies using municipal solid waste and biomass, in addition to an increased emphasis on industrial involvement and near-term demonstration projects. In order to maintain its near- and long-term balance, the Hydrogen Program will continue with basic, fundamental research that provides the long-term, high-risk, high-payoff investment in hydrogen as an energy carrier.

  14. Detailed balance in micro-and macrokinetics and micro-distinguishability of macro-processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detailed balance in micro- and macrokinetics and micro-distinguishability of macro-processes A. N a general framework for the discussion of detailed balance and analyse its microscopic background. We find of detailed balance. Keywords: kinetic equation, random process, microreversibility, detailed balance

  15. Static balance control and external force estimation using ground reaction forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Satoshi

    Static balance control and external force estimation using ground reaction forces Satoshi ITO1 In this paper, we consider a balance control with focus- ing on ground reaction forces. As an example of balance control, the static balance with constant external forces act- ing is treated. Ankle joint torque is used

  16. Annals of Glaciology 50 2009 215 South Cascade Glacier mass balance, 19352006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Annals of Glaciology 50 2009 215 South Cascade Glacier mass balance, 1935­2006 L.A. RASMUSSEN station to estimate glacier-average seasonal mass-balance components at South Cascade Glacier, Washington the model's error in estimating winter balance and summer balance over 1959­2006 is greater than

  17. Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simha, Rahul

    Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control Nitin Kumar are optimized to balance energy consumption across the network. This paper formulates an en­ ergy balance­ nalized for their important role in network operation. While route selection to balance energy [13], [31

  18. Geothermal energy program summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The Geothermal Technology Division (GTD) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is charged with the lead federal role in the research and development (R D) of technologies that will assist industry in economically exploiting the nation's vast geothermal resources. The GTD R D Program represents a comprehensive, balanced approach to establishing all forms of geothermal energy as significant contributors to the nation's energy supply. It is structured both to maintain momentum in the growth of the existing hydrothermal industry and to develop long-term options offering the greatest promise for practical applications. This volume, Volume 2, contains a detailed compilation of each GTD-funded R D activity performed by national laboratories or under contract to industrial, academic, and nonprofit research institutions.

  19. Detailed balance The key idea in most practical MCMC methods is reversibility or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Peter

    Detailed balance The key idea in most practical MCMC methods is reversibility or , i.e. a balance is in detailed balance with respect to � if for all ¼ , ´ µ�´ ¼ µ 73 Why does detailed balance ensure the correct stationary distribution? Suppose ´ µ�´ ¼ µ ´ ¼ µ�´ ¼ µ Sum both sides over : we have "global balance": ´ µ

  20. Assigning gas balancing rights in the absence of a gas balancing agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, M.S.

    1993-01-01

    When two or more working interest owners share an undivided interest in a natural gas well, it is not uncommon for production imbalances to occur. Sometimes such imbalances are remedied pursuant to a gas balancing agreement (GBA) entered into by the interest owners. However, if no GBA is entered into, the common law rules of cotenancy and any other agreement between the parties will be used to cure the production imbalance. In [open quotes]Weiser-Brown Oil Co. v. Samson Resources Co.[close quotes], the Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that, absent a GBA, a co-owner has no contractual right to recoup underproduction, only a right to an accounting as between cotenants, and that this right to an accounting does not run with the land to subsequent cotenants, but is only personal to the cotenant who has underproduced. This note analyzes the [open quotes]Weiser-Brown[close quotes] decision by first addressing the common law of cotenancy and how the common law is affected by the existence of an operating agreement. The conclusion reached is that, under an operating agreement, the right to make up an underproduction, even absent a GBA, is an assignable contract right, and that this right runs with the land to inure to subsequent grantees of the original part to the operating agreement.

  1. New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance, which considers the energy flows within the climate system a perturbation of this energy balance, through a modification of the energy flows in the polluted atmosphere

  2. Balancing Student Rights and the Need for Safe Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hachiya, Robert Francis

    2010-04-23

    . 478 U.S. 675 (1986); Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier. 484 U.S. 260 (1988); Morse v. Frederick. 551 U.S. 393 (2007).] 12 The importance of the Tinker decision to the issue of balancing student speech and the responsibility of school.... 478 U.S. 675 (1986); Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier. 484 U.S. 260 (1988); Morse v. Frederick. 551 U.S. 393 (2007).] 12 The importance of the Tinker decision to the issue of balancing student speech and the responsibility of school...

  3. Isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

    2010-07-09

    We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/Z = 1.16 and 1.33 as well as isobaric systems with N/Z = 1.0 and 1.4. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

  4. QUELS TABLEAUX DE BORD DE PILOTAGE POUR L'HOPITAL ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) within hospitals. Key words : Hospital, management accounting, balanced scorecard, efficiency. halshs fortes mutations des pratiques hospitalières de management. Même, si « l'avènement de l de méthodes transférées dans l'univers hospitalier. Tous ces emprunts au monde de l

  5. Balancing Search and Target Response in Cooperative UAV Teams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Ali A.

    Balancing Search and Target Response in Cooperative UAV Teams Yan Jin, Yan Liao, Marios M of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH 45221-0030 Abstract-- In this paper, we consider a heterogeneous team of UAVs drawn-time by the actions of all UAVs and their consequences (e.g., sensor readings), which makes the task dynamics

  6. Greening Geographical Load Balancing Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, Adam

    " renew- able energy and reduce use of "brown" fossil fuel energy. We make two contributions. First, we balanc- ing" has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy

  7. h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Balanced Task Clustering in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deelman, Ewa

    h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Balanced Task Clustering in Scientific Workflows Weiwei Chen*, Rafael of Manchester, School of Computer Science, Manchester, U.K. Oct 24, 2013, CNCC, Beijing 1 h"p://pegasus.isi.edu #12;h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Outline · Introduction ­ Workflow Model ­ Execution Environment · Task

  8. Balancing Search and Stability: Interdependencies Among Elements of Organizational Design*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimbrough, Steven Orla

    Balancing Search and Stability: Interdependencies Among Elements of Organizational Design* Jan W Design Abstract: We examine how and why elements of organizational design depend on one another. An agent-based simulation allows us to model three design elements and two contextual variables that have rarely been

  9. Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale 1. Stand with feet: Stopwatch with lanyard (for placing around neck). Safety Procedures: Position person being tested n a corner at eye level so participant and time can be monitored simultaneously. Testing procedures: Demonstrate

  10. Guaranteed Passive Balancing Transformations for Model Order Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    Guaranteed Passive Balancing Transformations for Model Order Reduction Joel Phillips Cadence stable and efficient generation of the models, and preser- vation of system properties such as passivity. Algorithms such as PRIMA generate guaranteed-passive models, for systems with special internal structure

  11. PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutter, Jared

    PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance Huai-Xiang Hao*, Caleb M. Cardon*, Wojtek in a cell-autonomous manner to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and is a potential therapeutic target). The World Health Organization estimates that the current decade will witness a 46% increase in diabetes

  12. Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this capacity before 2010, to about 2,700 MW. High wind power output often occurs out of phase with demand and often unpredictably. Wind power output also ramps up and down continuously, sometimes by large amounts, there is an excellent match between wind and fast responding hydro, from an overall operating and grid balancing point

  13. Middleware for Pervasive Spaces: Balancing Privacy and Utility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

    Middleware for Pervasive Spaces: Balancing Privacy and Utility Daniel Massaguer, Bijit Hore the utility of the information ex- posed and ensure that this information does not violate users' privacy. In order to resolve these conflicts, we propose a framework grounded in utility theory where users

  14. ESTIMATION OF GROUND WATER RECHARGE USING SOIL MOISTURE BALANCE APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    ESTIMATION OF GROUND WATER RECHARGE USING SOIL MOISTURE BALANCE APPROACH C. P. Kumar* ABSTRACT The amount of water that may be extracted from an aquifer without causing depletion is primarily dependent upon the ground water recharge. Thus, a quantitative evaluation of spatial and temporal distribution

  15. Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload Muhammad Abdullah to enhancements of the electrical grid raise the possibility of utilizing "cloud computing" for energy efficient computing. Energy efficiency in the cloud has been explored recently in [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. While

  16. 12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

    12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions In this chapter we want to study only of the Leaky Box model, in which we now also consider a continuous change of energy. A general solution the total particle spectrum, i.e. only the energy distribu- tion of the particles regardless

  17. Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    include vehicles, combined heat and power (CHP), industrial plants, and forklifts. #12;Who Needs Balance CONDENSER EXHAUST EXHAUST CHP LOAD WATER PUMP CATHODE BLOWER LS VALVE METERING VALVE COOLANT PUMP SIMPLIFIED/CHP Integrated Data System. Web. 2004-2007. #12;Reliability Industrial Motive Power Reliability is the top

  18. Transition Metal Nutrition: A Balance Between Deficiency and Toxicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamel, Patrice

    333 Transition Metal Nutrition: A Balance Between Deficiency and Toxicity CHAPTER 10 CHAPTER CONTENTS I. Introduction 334 II. Components of the metal homeostasis network 335 A. Metal transporters 335 B. Metal chelation 349 C. Differences with other photosynthetic organisms 352 III. Metal tolerance

  19. Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    1 L1 Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic. Magali Mercier Universit-local flow, which appears for example in a new model of pedestrian traffic. 1 Introduction We consider condition. This is of interest in pedestrian traffic if for example we want to minimize the time of exit out

  20. On the study of force-balance percolation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Jeng; J. M. Schwarz

    2008-06-10

    We study models of correlated percolation where there are constraints on the occupation of sites that mimic force-balance, i.e. for a site to be stable requires occupied neighboring sites in all four compass directions in two dimensions. We prove rigorously that $p_c<1$ for the two-dimensional models studied. Numerical data indicate that the force-balance percolation transition is discontinuous with a growing crossover length, with perhaps the same form as the jamming percolation models, suggesting the same underlying mechanism driving the transition in both cases. In other words, force-balance percolation and jamming percolation may indeed belong to the same universality class. We find a lower bound for the correlation length in the connected phase and that the correlation function does not appear to be a power law at the transition. Finally, we study the dynamics of the culling procedure invoked to obtain the force-balance configurations and find a dynamical exponent similar to that found in sandpile models.

  1. Distributed, Secure Load Balancing with Skew, Heterogeneity, and Churn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distributed, Secure Load Balancing with Skew, Heterogeneity, and Churn Jonathan Ledlie and Margo rates of node join and leave (churn), and wide variation in node network and storage capacity be heavy-tailed, and because node availability and churn rates may change over time. Learning to adapt

  2. Mitigating Climate Change with Managed Forests: Balancing Expectations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Mitigating Climate Change with Managed Forests: Balancing Expectations, Opportunity, and Risk David and biomass energy) and di- rect substitution for more energy-intensive building mate- rials (e.g., concrete effect (but accounting for storage), intensive approaches do not ap- pear to compare favorably with more

  3. IMPACTS: Industrial Technologies Program, Summary of Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    IMPACTS: Industrial Technologies Program, Summary of Program Results for CY2009 IMPACTS: Industrial Technologies Program, Summary of Program Results for CY2009...

  4. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2014 | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    containment up to an elevation of over 80 feet; this placement forms the floor of the steam generator compartment and chemical and volume control system room. CA05 structural...

  5. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2013 | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    structure all contributed to the company's decision to shutter the plant. This is the fourth plant this year to announce decommissioning plans. Dominion's closure of its single...

  6. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - January 2014 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and to allow for additional time to address regulatory changes resulting from the Fukushima Daiichi accident. TVA's "most likely estimate to complete" date remains December...

  7. Quarterly Nuclear Power Deployment Scorecard - January 2013 ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    October 22, 2012, Dominion Resources Inc. announced that it would close and decommission its Kewaunee Power Station located in Carlton, Wis. after failing to find a buyer for the...

  8. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - April 2015 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ring has been set in place. Unit 4: Major construction activities continue, CH80 turbine module has been set in place. Fabrication and testing of steam generators has been...

  9. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - July 2012 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    four ABWRs have been operated in Japan and four are nearing completion in Japan and Taiwan. Expected Operation Date TVA expects Watts Bar 2 to be completed by late 2015....

  10. Microsoft Word - CSC Scorecard.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OF PAGESpersonal March 3, 2015CM The CMCleanroomMarch Fee

  11. Microsoft Word - FY14 NWP Fee Scorecards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OF PAGESpersonal CERTIFIED MAIL August0 FOIA Request2

  12. Executive Branch Management Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNaturaldefines and explains« AmericanJanuary 17, I N S P

  13. Department of Energy FY 2010 OMB Scorecard

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153Danielthrough theK A A A A ADepartment of Energy

  14. Department of Energy FY 2011 OMB Scorecard

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153Danielthrough theK A A A A ADepartment of Energy2

  15. Nuclear Deployment Scorecards | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014Department ofWind Career MapPowerHydrogenNow InInitiatives

  16. 2014 DOE Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar: Demonstration ofDepartment1 Webinar2013 DOEProgram344

  17. Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model (Released in the STEO March 1998)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1998-01-01

    The blending of oxygenates, such as fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), into motor gasoline has increased dramatically in the last few years because of the oxygenated and reformulated gasoline programs. Because of the significant role oxygenates now have in petroleum product markets, the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) was revised to include supply and demand balances for fuel ethanol and MTBE. The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts in the Short-Term Energy Outlook. A review of the historical data sources and forecasting methodology for oxygenate production, imports, inventories, and demand is presented in this report.

  18. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-75 Sediment Trap Study in the Green Bay Mass Balance Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Mass and Organic Carbon Fluxes, Resuspension, and Particle Settling Velocities Brian J. Eadie Gerald L ................................................................................................. 23 4.5 Flux Profiles and Estimates of Sediment Resuspension

  19. Dynamic Load Balancing of Atomic Structure Programs on a PVM Cluster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stathopoulos, Andreas

    and engineering. Model calculations for controlled thermonuclear fusion, geophysical studies of the atmosphere

  20. Program Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    their potential and pursue opportunities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Through Expanding Your Horizon (EYH) Network programs, we provide STEM role models...

  1. Counterintelligence Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1992-09-04

    To establish the policies, procedures, and specific responsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) Counterintelligence (CI) Program. This directive does not cancel any other directive.

  2. Counterintelligence Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-12-10

    The Order establishes Counterintelligence Program requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy, including the National Nuclear Security Administration. Supersedes DOE 5670.3.

  3. Program Summaries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Program Summaries Brochures Reports Accomplishments Presentations BES and Congress Science for Energy Flow Seeing...

  4. Programming Stage

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21

    This chapter addresses plans for the acquisition and installation of operating environment hardware and software and design of a training program.

  5. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01

    utility programs, updates, Energy and Buildings 22 (1995)utility programs, updates. Energy Buildings 22, 255–265. [4]Update [Available online at http://www.waterplan.water.ca.gov/previous/cwpu2005/index.cfm] [31] Energy

  6. The Balanced Unicast and Multicast Capacity Regions of Large Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niesen, Urs

    We consider the question of determining the scaling of the n[superscript n] -dimensional balanced unicast and the n 2[superscript n]-dimensional balanced multicast capacity regions of a wireless network with n nodes placed ...

  7. An institutional frame to compare alternative market designs in EU electricity balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel

    2007-01-01

    The so-called "electricity wholesale market" is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for "balancing," in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of ...

  8. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Borealstand age on the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,energy and water fluxes at mature and disturbed forest

  9. A one-dimensional nonlinear corner balance method for solving the neutron transport equation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castrianni, Christopher Lee

    1994-01-01

    The one-dimensional nonlinear comer balance method is a new spatial discretization scheme for solving the transport equation on grids consisting of arbitrarily connected polygonal meshes. It is a conceptually simple method based on particle balance...

  10. Temperature dynamics of a proglacial stream: Identifying dominant energy balance components and inferring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchner, James W.

    Temperature dynamics of a proglacial stream: Identifying dominant energy balance components. Kirchner (2012), Temperature dynamics of a proglacial stream: Identifying dominant energy balance forefield (Switzerland), we examined how longitudinal stream temperature changes can be used to infer reach

  11. Development of Data Quality Control Limits for Data Screening through the "Energy Balance" Method 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D.

    2008-01-01

    screening using “Energy Balance” methodology (Shao and Claridge, 2005). Energy Balance (EBL) parameter represents quasi-steady state thermal energy storage in a building and indicates a predominant linear behavior when it is plotted versus the outside air...

  12. Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2005-01-01

    the likely cost of renewable energy in the longer term. ItBalancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable EnergyBalancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy

  13. Building Technologies Program Budget Request: Fiscal Year 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-02-01

    Details about BTP's budget request for FY2012. BTP’s FY 2012 activities reflect a significant shift by EERE in budget development of incorporating analytically based integrated planning, review, and performance assessment of its programs. BTP’s FY 2012 portfolio will achieve rapid gains in the efficient use of buildings energy through a balanced set of strategies.

  14. Electromagnetic field objects in terms of Balance of Geometric flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donev, Stoil

    2015-01-01

    This paper reviews our physical motivation for choosing appropriate formal presentation of electromagnetic field objects (EMFO). Our view is based on the understanding that EMFO are spatially finite entities carrying internal dynamical structure, so, their available integral time stability should be represented by appropriate adaptation of their internal dynamical structure to corresponding local stress-energy-momentum balance relations with other physical objects. This adaptation process has two aspects: internal and external. Clearly, finding adequate internal dynamical structure giving appropriate integral characteristics of the object, will bring also appropriate behavior of EMFO as a whole. Therefore, the internal local stress-energy-momentum balance among the subsystems of EMFO should formally be presented by appropriately defined tensor-field quantities, which are meant to suggest a dynamical understanding of the abilities of EMFO to successfully communicate with all the rest physical world.

  15. On the Balance of a Set of Ranks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelditch, Morris Jr; Anderson, Bo

    2015-07-13

    the balance o f a s e t o f ranks. A theory o f rank balance i s concerned w ith s itu a t io n s in which a c to r s , s ta tu s e s , or c o l le c t iv e s are ranked in se v e r a l d if fe r e n t ways which can be regarded as in c o n... s is t e n t ? Some examples are: the Negro p r o fe s s io n a l, the w ealthy Jew, the im poverished Boston Brahmin, the $5,000 a year Harvard Ph»D. I t i s w id ely supposed th at d iscrep a n c ies o f th is kind are a source o f s t r a...

  16. Feasibility analysis/business plan for proposed residential balancing venture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-12-24

    To assess the feasibility of a residential balancing venture, Charles Rial and Associates determined the market potential for such a service, reviewed the efforts of the Chicago Energy Savers Fund, and interviewed engineering firms and heating and boiler contractors. Based on our findings, it was determined that a stand-alone venture that offers balancing as its only service will not reach a broad enough market to support a break-even operation, and therefore, does not represent a feasible venture opportunity. A more feasible approach would involve a joint-venture between an established heating/boiler contractor and a cbo. A summary of the findings that led to this conclusion are included.

  17. Electromagnetic field objects in terms of Balance of Geometric flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

    2015-08-26

    This paper reviews our physical motivation for choosing appropriate formal presentation of electromagnetic field objects (EMFO). Our view is based on the understanding that EMFO are spatially finite entities carrying internal dynamical structure, so, their available integral time stability should be represented by appropriate adaptation of their internal dynamical structure to corresponding local stress-energy-momentum balance relations with other physical objects. This adaptation process has two aspects: internal and external. Clearly, finding adequate internal dynamical structure giving appropriate integral characteristics of the object, will bring also appropriate behavior of EMFO as a whole. Therefore, the internal local stress-energy-momentum balance among the subsystems of EMFO should formally be presented by appropriately defined tensor-field quantities, which are meant to suggest a dynamical understanding of the abilities of EMFO to successfully communicate with all the rest physical world.

  18. Water balance report for the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-07-01

    The Y-12 Plant, which occupies approximately 800 acres, was built by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Recently, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, who manages the Y-12 Plant, has been concerned with the effects of water consumption and losses at the plant facility, and the ability of ground water beneath the site to act as a source of water seepage into East Fork Poplar Creek or as a source of water infiltration into subsurface strata. This has prompted the need to perform a water balance study on the facility. Data regarding all uses of municipal water and sources of discharge from the plant were recorded and then water balance calculations were performed using a computer model developed in a multi-dimensional electronic spreadsheet. This report describes the results of this research and includes the flow data collected during the study.

  19. Small lysimeters for documenting arid site water balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waugh, W.J. (Chem-Nuclear Geotech, Inc., Grand Junction, CO (USA)); Thiede, M.E.; Cadwell, L.L.; Gee, G.W.; Freeman, H.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Sackschewsky, M.R.; Relyea, J.F. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA))

    1991-07-01

    Small weighing lysimeters consisting of plastic pipes with lifting and drainage fittings were installed at the arid US DOE Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State to conduct factorial experiments comparing the influences of various waste site cover designs on soil water balance. Results of a comparison of erosion control designs indicate that gravel can be mixed into the soil surface to control soil loss without influencing the water balance. In contrast, an equivalent amount of gravel applied as a surface mulch suppressed evapotranspiration resulting in increased storage and drainage. Only slight differences were observed in a comparison of storage changes in the small-tube lysimeters and adjacent large weighing lysimeters. Soil temperature curves for small-tube lysimeters and nearby soil profiles converged after insulation collars were installed. 17 refs., 6 figs.

  20. Steam Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, J.; Ludwig, P.; Brand, L.

    2012-08-01

    Older heating systems often suffer from mis-investment--multiple contractors upgrading parts of systems in inadequate or inappropriate ways that reduce system functionality and efficiency--or from a lack of proper maintenance. This technical report addresses these barriers to information, contractor resources, and cost-savings. Building off of previous research, CNT Energy conducted a study to identify best practices for the methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam; system balancing.

  1. Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Wagner; S. Schlamminger; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger

    2012-07-10

    We briefly summarize motivations for testing the weak equivalence principle and then review recent torsion-balance results that compare the differential accelerations of beryllium-aluminum and beryllium-titanium test body pairs with precisions at the part in $10^{13}$ level. We discuss some implications of these results for the gravitational properties of antimatter and dark matter, and speculate about the prospects for further improvements in experimental sensitivity.

  2. Isospin dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varinderjit Kaur; Dolly Sood; Suneel Kumar

    2011-09-30

    Based on the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) picture, we attempt to understand the nature of transverse flow in $_{28}Ni^{58}+_{28}Ni^{58}$ and $_{26}Fe^{58}+_{26}Fe^{58}$ systems at wide range of energies and impact parameters. The isospin dependence of balance energy in transverse flow is clearly visible. The results are compared with the experimental data available.

  3. Dynamical Horizons: Energy, Angular Momentum, Fluxes and Balance Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhay Ashtekar; Badri Krishnan

    2002-11-03

    Dynamical horizons are considered in full, non-linear general relativity. Expressions of fluxes of energy and angular momentum carried by gravitational waves across these horizons are obtained. Fluxes are local, the energy flux is positive and change in the horizon area is related to these fluxes. The flux formulae also give rise to balance laws analogous to the ones obtained by Bondi and Sachs at null infinity and provide generalizations of the first and second laws of black hole mechanics.

  4. Cosmological perturbations in Horava-Lifshitz theory without detailed balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anzhong Wang; Roy Maartens

    2010-01-14

    In the Horava-Lifshitz theory of quantum gravity, two conditions -- detailed balance and projectability -- are usually assumed. The breaking of projectability simplifies the theory, but it leads to serious problems with the theory. The breaking of detailed balance leads to a more complicated form of the theory, but it appears to resolve some of the problems. Sotiriou, Visser and Weinfurtner formulated the most general theory of Horava-Lifshitz type without detailed balance. We compute the linear scalar perturbations of the FRW model in this form of HL theory. We show that the higher-order curvature terms in the action lead to a gravitational effective anisotropic stress on small scales. Specializing to a Minkowski background, we study the spin-0 scalar mode of the graviton, using a gauge-invariant analysis, and find that it is stable in both the infrared and ultraviolet regimes for $0 \\le \\xi \\le 2/3$. However, in this parameter range the scalar mode is a ghost.

  5. Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

    2015-02-10

    We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

  6. Application Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    16. Application Programming I (Embedded SQL, ODBC, JDBC) 16­1 Part 16: Application Programming I, ``Embedded SQL'', Chapter 5, ``Oracle JDBC''. . Michael Gertz: Oracle/SQL Tutorial, 1999. [http.5 Developer's Guide. McGraw­Hill, 1999. . SQL Server Books Online, ``Building SQL Server Applications''. . Art

  7. Application Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    17. Application Programming I (Embedded SQL, ODBC, JDBC) 17­1 Part 17: Application Programming I, ``Embedded SQL'', Chapter 5, ``Oracle JDBC''. . Michael Gertz: Oracle/SQL Tutorial, 1999. [http.5 Developer's Guide. McGraw­Hill, 1999. . SQL Server Books Online, ``Building SQL Server Applications''. . Art

  8. Energy and water balance measurements for water productivity analysis in irrigated mango trees,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy and water balance measurements for water productivity analysis in irrigated mango trees of rural communities. Mango is important for export markets. Its fruit has the advantage of being juicy 2008 Accepted 7 May 2008 Keywords: Mango orchard Energy balance Water balance Evapotranspiration

  9. Pricing mechanism for real-time balancing in regional electricity markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weerdt, Mathijs

    for precisely controlling the real-time balance in electricity markets, where retail brokers aggregate of their retail customer loads and sources. We enumerate the desirable properties of a market-based balancingPricing mechanism for real-time balancing in regional electricity markets Mathijs de Weerdt

  10. Conservation equations governing hillslope responses: Exploring the physical basis of water balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassanizadeh, S. Majid

    Conservation equations governing hillslope responses: Exploring the physical basis of water balance-term water balance of a single, hypothetical REW. The governing equations are formulated in terms the long-term water balance and show that the governing equations are able to provide a realistic picture

  11. BALANCE PROPERTIES OF ARNOUX-RAUZY WORDS VALERIE BERTHE, JULIEN CASSAIGNE, AND WOLFGANG STEINER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BALANCE PROPERTIES OF ARNOUX-RAUZY WORDS VAL´ERIE BERTH´E, JULIEN CASSAIGNE, AND WOLFGANG STEINER Abstract. The paper deals with balances and imbalances in Arnoux-Rauzy words. We provide sufficient conditions for C-balancedness, but our results indicate that even a char- acterization of 2-balanced Arnoux

  12. Balance properties of multi-dimensional words Val erie Berth e and Robert Tijdeman y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tijdeman, Robert

    Balance properties of multi-dimensional words Val#19;erie Berth#19;e #3; and Robert Tijdeman y Abstract A word u is called 1-balanced if for any two factors v and w of u of equal length, we have 1 #20 v. The aim of this paper is to extend the notion of balance to multi-dimensional words. We #12;rst

  13. Mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet from 1958 to 2007 E. Rignot,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Box, Jason E.

    Mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet from 1958 to 2007 E. Rignot,1,2 J. E. Box,3 E. Burgess,4 October 2008. [1] We combine estimates of the surface mass balance, SMB, of the Greenland ice sheet the total ice sheet mass balance. During that time period, we find a robust correlation (R2 = 0.83) between

  14. AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS WEN-AN YONG Abstract of balance laws in several space variables. We propose an entropy condition and prove the existence of global condition and Kawashima's condition are satis#12;ed. In addition, we show that a system of balance laws

  15. Collaborative Balance Your Life initiative provides resources to promote overall well-being on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    Collaborative Balance Your Life initiative provides resources to promote overall well: Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Updated: Tuesday, October 5, 2010 08:10 Tien Tien / Tufts Daily Balance Your lifestyle campaign called Balance Your Life. Ian Wong, director of health education, realized that resources

  16. LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS LAURENT GOSSE corresponds to the general case of a scalar balance law (26). These two problems share the common feature) is the key point and the general balance law, where a long- time decay to some steady regime should occur

  17. A biped static balance control and torque pattern learning under unknown periodic external forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Satoshi

    A biped static balance control and torque pattern learning under unknown periodic external forces balancing task in which an unknown external force is exerted, using so-called `ankle strategy' model. When an external force is pe- riodic, a human adaptively maintains the balance, next learns how much force should

  18. Using upper-air conditions to estimate South Cascade Glacier (U.S.A.) summer balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Using upper-air conditions to estimate South Cascade Glacier (U.S.A.) summer balance L. A-air conditions from the NCEP-NCAR Reanalysis database to estimate summer balance of South Cascade Glacier each error. The model relates summer balance linearly to temperature T > 0 C at 2000 m and to snow flux

  19. Glacier Mass Balance Reconstruction by Remote Sensing in the French Alps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabatel, Antoine

    Glacier Mass Balance Reconstruction by Remote Sensing in the French Alps : Comparison with Ground. Abstract -- The Alpine glaciers are sensitive to climate fluctuation, and glacier mass balance may be used for determining the distribution of mass balance at high spatial resolution using remote sensing and ground stakes

  20. INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS ­ RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS M of the surface energy balance of urban areas, based on both experimental investigations and numerical models effects in meso-scale mod- els are reviewed. Given that neither the surface energy balance, nor its

  1. N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the colliding geometries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Rajeev K. Puri

    2011-07-28

    We study the N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the mass range for colliding geometry varying from central to peripheral ones. Our results indicate that balance energy decreases linearly with increase in N/Z ratio for all the masses throughout the colliding geometry range. Also, the N/Z dependence of balance energy is sensitive to symmetry energy.

  2. AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen Department.com In this study an operational water and energy balance algorithm for Puerto Rico (GOES- PRWEB) was developed. In the algorithm, an energy balance approach is used to estimate actual evapotranspiration, which

  3. Glacier Changes and Regional Climate: A Mass and Energy Balance Approach* SUMMER RUPPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Gerard

    Glacier Changes and Regional Climate: A Mass and Energy Balance Approach* SUMMER RUPPER Department­climate relationship. Here, a full surface energy and mass balance (SEMB) model is developed to explore the pattern in ELAs well; the seasonal cycle in energy balance terms are comparable to studies on individual

  4. Change in surface energy balance in Alaska due to fire and spring warming, based on upscaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Change in surface energy balance in Alaska due to fire and spring warming, based on upscaling eddy in northern high latitudes has changed the energy balance between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere larger than the change in the energy forcing associated with CO2 balance for the Alaska region. Spring

  5. Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheuermann, Peter

    Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Goce Trajcevski of the network merge into a single path. These path merging effects decrease significantly the energy balance deployments. When multiple sources transmit infor- mation simultaneously, together with energy balancing

  6. Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yu

    Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Siyuan Chen Minsu Huang. In this paper, we aim to study the impact of cooperative routing on balancing the energy distribution among their transmission power, our cooperative routing method can balance the energy among neighboring nodes and maximize

  7. Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance Jozsef Szilagyi1 and the mean annual water-energy balance, Water Resour. Res., 45, W09201, doi:10.1029/2009WR008129. [2] Gerrits balance necessarily operates at the catchment scale, plus E0 depends predominantly on the available energy

  8. ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeny, Brian

    ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0 B is outlined, involving a balance of dissipated and supplied energies over a cycle of pe- riodic vibration a damping estimation method based on the balance of energy. The idea is to compute the energy input per

  9. A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz, Jesús Ildefonso

    A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model R. BERMEJO,1 J. This model belongs to the category of energy balance models introduced independently by the climatologists M climate. The energy balance model we are dealing with consists of a two-dimensional nonlinear parabolic

  10. WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric. W Management of water resources relies on estimates of the hydrologic water balance within defined and/or similar land use. Components of the water balance include precipitation, actual

  11. A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Veciana, Gustavo

    A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks Seung Jun Baek we consider how one might achieve more balanced energy burdens across the network by spreading sinks change their locations to balance the energy burdens incurred accross the network nodes [1

  12. Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities key ecosystem processes in the Great Basin, including hydrology and energy balance. To determine how) and energy fluxes using the Bowen ratio-energy balance method with measurements of normalized difference

  13. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113 (2002) 223243 Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    2002-01-01

    Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113 (2002) 223­243 Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites Kell Abstract A comprehensive evaluation of energy balance closure is performed across 22 sites and 50 site ecosystems and climates. En- ergy balance closure was evaluated by statistical regression of turbulent energy

  14. Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks Fatma Bouabdallah, Nizar. In this paper, we investigate the potential energy conservation achieved by balancing the traffic throughout, load balancing, performance analysis. I. INTRODUCTION In order to minimize the energy consumption

  15. DYNAMIC I/O-AWARE LOAD BALANCING AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOR CLUSTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Xiao

    DYNAMIC I/O-AWARE LOAD BALANCING AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOR CLUSTERS Xiao Qin, Ph.D. Department and distributed applications. Dynamic load balancing techniques have been investigated to achieve efficient utilizations of resources on clusters. Many load balancing polices achieve high system performance

  16. Load Balancing in Broadband Multi-Service Networks: A Management Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, David

    66/1 Load Balancing in Broadband Multi-Service Networks: A Management Perspective Panos Georgatsos1 nodes may be managed by a TMN system, by virtue of a management service called Load Balancing the objectives of the proposed Load Balancing management service. 1. Introduction The essential target of future

  17. INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    3160 INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is essential energy balance and storage (Stubbs and Tolkamp, 2006). Despite tight regulation of energy homeostasis, 2004). Energy acquisition, use and storage all contribute to energy balance. The foraging (for) gene

  18. Aalborg Universitet Voltage Scheduling Droop Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    ., & Guerrero, J. M. (2014). Voltage Scheduling Droop Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage in DC Microgrids," in Proc. IEEE International Energy Conference (EnergyCon'14), 2014. Voltage Scheduling Droop Control for State-of- Charge Balance of Distributed Energy

  19. Toward a consistency cross-check of eddy covariance flux–based and biometric estimates of ecosystem carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of ecosystem carbon balance S. Luyssaert, 1 M. Reichstein, 2controls on the carbon balances of three southern borealCROSS-CHECK FOR CO 2 BALANCES Yi, C. X. , D. E. Anderson, A.

  20. On the contribution of leaf surface wetness, leaf size and leaf longevity to variation in leaf water and carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonin, Kevin Allen

    2009-01-01

    relation to site water balance. Ecology 58: 893-899. Hornecosystem water and carbon balance (e.g. Diaz & Granadillothe role of the water balance. The American Naturalist 135,

  1. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    in the surface energy balance of Haut Glacier d’Arolla,2008), Distributed energy balance modeling of South CascadeA distributed energy balance model for complex topography

  2. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    variations in the surface energy balance of Haut Glacier d’2005), A distributed energy balance model for complexat Fraser using a energy balance based snowmelt model (WEB-

  3. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    variations in the surface energy balance of Haut Glacier d’Clark (2008), Distributed energy balance modeling of South2005), A distributed energy balance model for complex

  4. Effects of Isospin Asymmetry and In-Medium Corrections on Balance Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Daffin; Wolfgang Bauer

    1998-09-09

    The effects of an isospin asymmetry and in-medium corrections to the nucleon collision cross section on the balance energy are explored. The BUU model for intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions is used with isospin-dependent mean fields to calculate the balance energies of 58Fe + 58Fe and 58Ni + 58Ni for a range of impact parameters. We find that we are able to reproduce the impact parameter dependence of the balance energy, and the sign (but not the magnitude) of the shift in balance balance energy as a function of isospin asymmetry.

  5. SECO Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, E.

    2011-01-01

    AND FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES Energy Efficiency Technical Assistance Energy Efficiency Grants Renewable Energy Technology Grants Alternative Fuel Grants The LoanSTAR Revolving Loan Program Energy Efficiency Technical Assistance ? Free to Public Entities... efficiency retrofits that are too small for typical LoanSTAR projects. ? Competitive equipment grant program ? Up to 25 grants at a maximum $100,000 per grant ? Funded on a reimbursement basis ? Scheduled for early 2012 announcement Renewable Energy...

  6. Machinist Pipeline/Apprentice Program Program Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Machinist PipelineApprentice Program Program Description The Machinist Pipeline Program was created by the Prototype Fabrication Division to fill a critical need for skilled...

  7. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diamond, Rick; Harris, Jeff; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-08-13

    We argue that a primary focus on energy efficiency may not be sufficient to slow (and ultimately reverse) the growth in total energy consumption and carbon emissions. Instead, policy makers need to return to an earlier emphasis on"conservation," with energy efficiency seen as a means rather than an end in itself. We briefly review the concept of"intensive" versus"extensive" variables (i.e., energy efficiency versus energy consumption), and why attention to both consumption and efficiency is essential for effective policy in a carbon- and oil-constrained world with increasingly brittle energy markets. To start, energy indicators and policy evaluation metrics need to reflect energy consumption as well as efficiency. We introduce the concept of"progressive efficiency," with the expected or required level of efficiency varying as a function of house size, appliance capacity, or more generally, the scale of energy services. We propose introducing progressive efficiency criteria first in consumer information programs (including appliance labeling categories) and then in voluntary rating and recognition programs such as ENERGY STAR. As acceptance grows, the concept could be extended to utility rebates, tax incentives, and ultimately to mandatory codes and standards. For these and other programs, incorporating criteria for consumption as well as efficiency offers a path for energy experts, policy-makers, and the public to begin building consensus on energy policies that recognize the limits of resources and global carrying-capacity. Ultimately, it is both necessary and, we believe, possible to manage energy consumption, not just efficiency in order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may find it possible to shift expectations away from perpetual growth and toward satisfaction with sufficiency.

  8. Arid site water balance: evapotranspiration modeling and measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gee, G.W.; Kirkham, R.R.

    1984-09-01

    In order to evaluate the magnitude of radionuclide transport at an aird site, a field and modeling study was conducted to measure and predict water movement under vegetated and bare soil conditions. Significant quantities of water were found to move below the roo of a shallow-rooted grass-covered area during wet years at the Hanford site. The unsaturated water flow model, UNSAT-1D, was resonably successful in simulating the transient behavior of the water balance at this site. The effects of layered soils on water balance were demonstrated using the model. Models used to evaluate water balance in arid regions should not rely on annual averages and assume that all precipitation is removed by evapotranspiration. The potential for drainage at arid sites exists under conditions where shallow rooted plants grow on coarse textured soils. This condition was observed at our study site at Hanford. Neutron probe data collected on a cheatgrass community at the Hanford site during a wet year indicated that over 5 cm of water drained below the 3.5-m depth. The unsaturated water flow model, UNSAT-1D, predicted water drainage of about 5 cm (single layer, 10 months) and 3.5 cm (two layers, 12 months) for the same time period. Additional field measurements of hydraulic conductivity will likely improve the drainage estimate made by UNSAT-1D. Additional information describing cheatgrass growth and water use at the grass site could improve model predictions of sink terms and subsequent calculations of water storage within the rooting zone. In arid areas where the major part of the annual precipitation occurs during months with low average potential evapotranspiration and where soils are vegetated but are coarse textured and well drained, significant drainage can occur. 31 references, 18 figures, 1 table.

  9. Thermal Balance in the Intracluster Medium: Is AGN Feedback Necessary?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charlie Conroy; Jeremiah P. Ostriker

    2008-03-10

    A variety of physical heating mechanisms are combined with radiative cooling to explore, via one dimensional hydrodynamic simulations, the expected thermal properties of the intracluster medium (ICM) in the context of the cooling flow problem. Energy injection from type Ia supernovae, thermal conduction, and dynamical friction (DF) from orbiting satellite galaxies are considered. The novel feature of this work is the exploration of a wide range of efficiencies of each heating process. While the latter two can provide a substantial amount of energy, neither mechanism operating alone can produce nor maintain an ICM in thermal balance over cosmological timescales, in stark contrast with observations. For simulated clusters with initially isothermal temperature profiles, both mechanisms acting in combination result in long-term thermal balance for a range of ICM temperatures and for central electron densities less than n_e~0.02 cm^-3; at greater densities catastrophic cooling invariably occurs. Furthermore, these heating mechanisms can neither produce nor maintain clusters with a declining temperature profile in the central regions, implying that the observed "cooling-core'' clusters, which have such declining temperature profiles, cannot be maintained with these mechanisms alone. Thus, while there appears to be an abundant supply of energy capable of heating the ICM in clusters, it is extremely difficult for the energy deposition to occur in such a way that the ICM remains in thermal balance over cosmological time-scales. These results strongly suggest that a more dynamic heating process such as feedback from a central black hole is required to generate the properties of observed intracluster media. (ABRIDGED)

  10. Fossil Energy Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fossil Energy Program Home ORGANIZATION Program Management Program Manager Organizational Chart About FEP Mission Workshop ODS2010 PROGRAMS Coal Combustion Fuel Cells and...

  11. A theoretical basis for the Harmonic Balance Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Saldaña, Johanna D

    2012-01-01

    The Harmonic Balance method provides a heuristic approach for finding truncated Fourier series as an approximation to the periodic solutions of ordinary differential equations. Another natural way for obtaining these type of approximations consists in applying numerical methods. In this paper we recover the pioneering results of Stokes and Urabe that provide a theoretical basis for proving that near these truncated series, whatever is the way they have been obtained, there are actual periodic solutions of the equation. We will restrict our attention to one-dimensional non-autonomous ordinary differential equations and we apply the results obtained to a couple of concrete examples coming from planar autonomous systems.

  12. Social Balance on Networks: The Dynamics of Friendship and Enmity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Antal; P. L. Krapivsky; S. Redner

    2006-05-21

    How do social networks evolve when both friendly and unfriendly relations exist? Here we propose a simple dynamics for social networks in which the sense of a relationship can change so as to eliminate imbalanced triads--relationship triangles that contains 1 or 3 unfriendly links. In this dynamics, a friendly link changes to unfriendly or vice versa in an imbalanced triad to make the triad balanced. Such networks undergo a dynamic phase transition from a steady state to "utopia"--all friendly links--as the amount of network friendliness is changed. Basic features of the long-time dynamics and the phase transition are discussed.

  13. Balancing the vacuum energy in heterotic $M$-theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasr Ahmed; Ian G. Moss

    2010-01-22

    Moduli stabilisation is explored in the context of low-energy heterotic $M$-theory to show that a small value of the cosmological constant can result from a balance between the negative potential energy left over from stabilising the moduli and a positive Casimir energy from the higher dimensions. Supersymmetry breaking is induced by the fermion boundary conditions on the two branes in the theory. An explicit calculation of the Casimir energy for the gravitino reveals that the energy has the correct sign, although the size of the contribution is close to the edge of the parameter range for which the calculation is valid.

  14. Program Analyst (Senior Program Analyst)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A successful candidate in this position will serve as Senior Program Analyst in the NNSA Information Assurance Response Center Cyber Intelligence Unit (IARC CIU), as the IARC CIU Supervisory...

  15. Program Year 2008 State Energy Program Formula

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) State Energy Program (SEP), SEP Program Guidance Fiscal Year 2008, Program Year 2008, energy efficiency and renewable energy programs in the states, DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  16. ABSTRACT: RANZI R., GROSSI G., GITTI A. & TASCHNER S., Energy and mass balance of the Mandrone glacier (Adamello, Central Alps). (IT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mm for the 2002/03 year. KEY WORDS: Glacier retreat, Mass balance, Energy balance, Man- drone Glacier

  17. OXALATE MASS BALANCE DURING CHEMICAL CLEANING IN TANK 6F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-07-22

    The Savannah River Remediation (SRR) is preparing Tank 6F for closure. The first step in preparing the tank for closure is mechanical sludge removal. Following mechanical sludge removal, SRS performed chemical cleaning with oxalic acid to remove the sludge heel. Personnel are currently assessing the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning to determine whether the tank is ready for closure. SRR personnel collected liquid samples during chemical cleaning and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for analysis. Following chemical cleaning, they collected a solid sample (also known as 'process sample') and submitted it to SRNL for analysis. The authors analyzed these samples to assess the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning process. Analysis of the anions showed the measured oxalate removed from Tank 6F to be approximately 50% of the amount added in the oxalic acid. To close the oxalate mass balance, the author collected solid samples, leached them with nitric acid, and measured the concentration of cations and anions in the leachate. Some conclusions from this work are: (1) Approximately 65% of the oxalate added as oxalic acid was removed with the decanted liquid. (2) Approximately 1% of the oxalate (added to the tank as oxalic acid) formed precipitates with compounds such as nickel, manganese, sodium, and iron (II), and was dissolved with nitric acid. (3) As much as 30% of the oxalate may have decomposed forming carbon dioxide. The balance does not fully account for all the oxalate added. The offset represents the combined uncertainty in the analyses and sampling.

  18. Fuzzy-probabilistic calculations of water-balance uncertainty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faybishenko, B.

    2009-10-01

    Hydrogeological systems are often characterized by imprecise, vague, inconsistent, incomplete, or subjective information, which may limit the application of conventional stochastic methods in predicting hydrogeologic conditions and associated uncertainty. Instead, redictions and uncertainty analysis can be made using uncertain input parameters expressed as probability boxes, intervals, and fuzzy numbers. The objective of this paper is to present the theory for, and a case study as an application of, the fuzzyprobabilistic approach, ombining probability and possibility theory for simulating soil water balance and assessing associated uncertainty in the components of a simple waterbalance equation. The application of this approach is demonstrated using calculations with the RAMAS Risk Calc code, to ssess the propagation of uncertainty in calculating potential evapotranspiration, actual evapotranspiration, and infiltration-in a case study at the Hanford site, Washington, USA. Propagation of uncertainty into the results of water-balance calculations was evaluated by hanging he types of models of uncertainty incorporated into various input parameters. The results of these fuzzy-probabilistic calculations are compared to the conventional Monte Carlo simulation approach and estimates from field observations at the Hanford site.

  19. The relative contributions of alpine and subalpine ecosystems to the water balance of a mountainous, headwater catchment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Mark W.

    The relative contributions of alpine and subalpine ecosystems to the water balance of a mountainous balance of a mountainous, headwater catchment in Colorado, USA. Between 2008 and 2012, the water balance contributed from 27% to 48% of the alpine, and 6% to 9% of the catchment water balance, respectively

  20. EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF THE ARTS, Vol. 23(2) 165-180, 2005 THE ASSESSMENT OF PREFERENCE FOR BALANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, Anjan

    EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF THE ARTS, Vol. 23(2) 165-180, 2005 THE ASSESSMENT OF PREFERENCE FOR BALANCE Balance is a central feature that contributes to the organizational structure of aesthetic visual images. Balance gives unity to an otherwise diverse display. Dynamic balance refers to the way in which disparate

  1. DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2430-z The energy balance over land and oceans: an assessment based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    1 3 DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2430-z Clim Dyn The energy balance over land and oceans: an assessment ocean to land transports), and revisit the global mean energy balance. Keywords Global energy balance The energy balance of the Earth is a fundamental determinant of the climatic conditions on our planet. Thanks

  2. Abstract--In this paper, we study the tradeoff between two important traffic engineering objectives: load balance and energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    : load balance and energy efficiency. Although traditional commonly used multi-objective optimization-objective optimization problems. Index Terms--Traffic Engineering; Load Balance; Energy Efficiency; Nash Bargaining between two important traffic engineering objectives: load balance and energy efficiency. Load balance

  3. Integration of an Energy Balance Snowmelt Model into an Open Source Modeling Framework A. Sen Gupta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    1 Integration of an Energy Balance Snowmelt Model into an Open Source Modeling Framework A. Sen model for organizing the inputs and outputs of an energy balance snowmelt model (the Utah Energy Balance; data model; energy balance; snow melt; glacier melt #12;3 Software Availability Name of software: Utah

  4. Programming Libraries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matricesstudents working inProgrammingProgramming Math

  5. Programming models

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matricesstudents working inProgrammingProgramming NERSC-8

  6. STEP Program Benchmark Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    STEP Program Benchmark Report, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  7. Maryland Efficiency Program Options

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland Efficiency Program Options, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  8. Department of Energy: Photovoltaics program - FY 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    The National Photovoltaic Program supports efforts to make PV an important part of the US economy through three main program elements: Research and Development, Technology Development, and Systems Engineering and Applications. (1) Research and Development activities generate new ideas, test the latest scientific theories, and push the limits of PV efficiencies in laboratory and prototype materials and devices. (2) Technology Development activities apply laboratory innovations to products to improve PV technology and the manufacturing techniques used to produce PV systems for the market. (3) Systems Engineering and Applications activities help improve PV systems and validate these improvements through tests, measurements, and deployment of prototypes. In addition, applications research validates, sales, maintenance, and financing mechanisms worldwide. (4) Environmental, Health, Safety and Resource Characterization activities help to define environmental, health and safety issues for those facilities engaged in the manufacture of PV products and organizations engaged in PV research and development. All PV Program activities are planned and executed in close collaboration and partnership with the U.S. PV industry. The overall PV Program is planned to be a balanced effort of research, manufacturing development, and market development. Critical to the success of this strategy is the National Photovoltaic Program`s effort to reduce the cost of electricity generated by photovoltaic. The program is doing this in three primary ways: by making devices more efficient, by making PV systems less expensive, and by validating the technology through measurements, tests, and prototypes.

  9. STFC's Delivery Plan Scorecard 2011-2015 1 STFC's Delivery Plan Scorecard 2011-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including budgets; key issues and risks; and details of the in-year programme. This is directly supported-class research programme in astronomy, particle and nuclear physics, following the priorities established and the high power laser facility at the CLF March 2012 7. Provide access to the International facilities

  10. Program Description | Robotics Internship Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptions | NationalProcurementwork upProgram ContactsAbout the

  11. Basic and Equivariant Cohomology in Balanced Topological Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Zucchini

    1998-04-14

    We present a detailed algebraic study of the N=2 cohomological set--up describing the balanced topological field theory of Dijkgraaf and Moore. We emphasize the role of N=2 topological supersymmetry and $sl(2,R)$ internal symmetry by a systematic use of superfield techniques and of an $sl(2,R)$ covariant formalism. We provide a definition of N=2 basic and equivariant cohomology, generalizing Dijkgraaf's and Moore's, and of N=2 connection. For a general manifold with a group action, we show that: $i$) the N=2 basic cohomology is isomorphic to the tensor product of the ordinary N=1 basic cohomology and a universal $sl(2,R)$ group theoretic factor: $ii$) the affine spaces of N=2 and N=1 connections are isomorphic.

  12. Quantum master equation with balanced gain and loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennis Dast; Daniel Haag; Holger Cartarius; Günter Wunner

    2014-11-20

    We present a quantum master equation describing a Bose-Einstein condensate with particle loss on one lattice site and particle gain on the other lattice site whose mean-field limit is a non-Hermitian PT-symmetric Gross-Pitaevskii equation. It is shown that the characteristic properties of PT-symmetric systems, such as the existence of stationary states and the phase shift of pulses between two lattice sites, are also found in the many-particle system. Visualizing the dynamics on a Bloch sphere allows us to compare the complete dynamics of the master equation with that of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We find that even for a relatively small number of particles the dynamics are in excellent agreement and the master equation with balanced gain and loss is indeed an appropriate many-particle description of a PT-symmetric Bose-Einstein condensate.

  13. Levy targeting and the principle of detailed balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Garbaczewski; Vladimir Stephanovich

    2011-05-07

    We investigate confined L\\'{e}vy flights under premises of the principle of detailed balance. The master equation admits a transformation to L\\'{e}vy - Schr\\"{o}dinger semigroup dynamics (akin to a mapping of the Fokker-Planck equation into the generalized diffusion equation). We solve a stochastic targeting problem for arbitrary stability index $0<\\mu <2$ of L\\'{e}vy drivers: given an invariant probability density function (pdf), specify the jump - type dynamics for which this pdf is a long-time asymptotic target. Our ("$\\mu$-targeting") method is exemplified by Cauchy family and Gaussian target pdfs. We solve the reverse engineering problem for so-called L\\'{e}vy oscillators: given a quadratic semigroup potential, find an asymptotic pdf for the associated master equation for arbitrary $\\mu$.

  14. Test of the Equivalence Principle Using a Rotating Torsion Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Schlamminger; K. -Y. Choi; T. A. Wagner; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger

    2007-12-04

    We used a continuously rotating torsion balance instrument to measure the acceleration difference of beryllium and titanium test bodies towards sources at a variety of distances. Our result Delta a=(0.6+/-3.1)x10^-15 m/s^2 improves limits on equivalence-principle violations with ranges from 1 m to infinity by an order of magnitude. The Eoetvoes parameter is eta=(0.3+/-1.8)x10^-13. By analyzing our data for accelerations towards the center of the Milky Way we find equal attractions of Be and Ti towards galactic dark matter, yielding eta=(-4 +/- 7)x10^-5. Space-fixed differential accelerations in any direction are limited to less than 8.8x10^-15 m/s^2 with 95% confidence.

  15. Flow Effects on Jet quenching with Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luan Cheng; Enke Wang

    2011-02-01

    A new model potential in the presence of collective flow describing the interaction of the hard jet with scattering centers is derived based on the static color-screened Yukawa potential. The flow effect on jet quenching with detailed balance is investigated in pQCD. It turns out that the collective flow changes the emission current and the LPM destructive interference comparing to that in the static medium. Considering the collective flow with velocity v_z along the jet direction, the energy loss is (1 - v_z) times that in the static medium to the first order of opacity. The flow dependence of the energy loss will affect the suppression of high p_T hadron spectrum and anisotropy parameter v_2 in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

  16. Detailed Balance and Spin Content of ? using Statistical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Batra; A. Upadhyay

    2013-07-01

    In this study, we assume the hadrons as an ensemble of quark-gluon Fock states and apply statistical effects to explain the spin distribution of quarks for lambda hyperon. We extend the principle of detailed balance given by Zhang et al. [9] to calculate the probability of every Fock state in lambda. Using these probabilities, we have calculated quark distribution of spin, hyperon weak decay constant, SU(3) reduced matrix elements and their ratio and magnetic moment etc. using the statistical model proposed in ref.[17]. The extension of statistical model comes here with inclusion of more sub processes like etc. Finally the matching of our results with other models like chiral quark soliton model has also been analyzed.

  17. Multifragmentation at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriya Goyal

    2011-06-20

    Using the quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the role of mass asymmetry of colliding nuclei on the fragmentation at the balance energy and on its mass dependence. The study is done by keeping the total mass of the system fixed as 40, 80, 160, and 240 and by varying the mass asymmetry of the ($\\eta$ = $\\frac{A_{T}-A_{P}}{A_{T}+A_{P}}$; where $A_{T}$ and $A_{P}$ are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) reaction from 0.1 to 0.7. Our results clearly indicate a sizeable effect of the mass asymmetry on the multiplicity of various fragments. The mass asymmetry dependence of various fragments is found to increase with increase in total system mass (except for heavy mass fragments). Similar to symmetric reactions, a power law system mass dependence of various fragment multiplicities is also found to exit for large asymmetries.

  18. Elliptic flow in heavy ion collisions near the balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu-Ming Zheng; C. M. Ko; Bao-An Li; Bin Zhang

    1999-06-24

    The proton elliptic flow in collisions of Ca on Ca at energies from 30 to 100 MeV/nucleon is studied in an isospin-dependent transport model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive to negative flow. Its magnitude depends on both the nuclear equation of state (EOS) and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section. Different elliptic flows are obtained for a stiff EOS with free nucleon-nucleon cross sections and a soft EOS with reduced nucleon-nucleon cross sections, although both lead to vanishing in-plane transverse flow at the same balance energy. The study of both in-plane and elliptic flows at intermediate energies thus provides a means to extract simultaneously the information on the nuclear equation of state and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section in medium.

  19. Horizontal displacements contribution to tsunami wave energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutykh, Denys; Chubarov, Leonid; Shokin, Yuriy

    2010-01-01

    The main reason for the generation of tsunamis is the deformation of the bottom of the ocean caused by an underwater earthquake. Usually, only the vertical bottom motion is taken into accound while the horizontal displacements are neglected. In the present paper we study both the vertical and the horizontal bottom motion while we propose a novel methodology for reconstructing the bottom coseismic displacements field which is transmitted to the free surface using a new three-dimensional Weakly Nonlinear (WN) approach. We pay a special attention to the evolution of kinetic and potential energies of the resulting wave while the contribution of horizontal displacements into wave energy balance is also quantified. Approaches proposed in this study are illustrated on the July 17, 2006 Java tsunami.

  20. Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

    2010-11-01

    This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

  1. Balance the reaction MnO4 (aq) MnO2(s) + SO4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Kirk A.

    Balance the reaction MnO4 Ð (aq) + SO3 2Ð (aq) MnO2(s) + SO4 2Ð (aq) in basic solution Oxidation 2Ð SO4 2Ð (b) 2) These are already balanced in Mn and S 3) Balance O in (a) by adding H2OÕs to the right-hand-side MnO4 Ð MnO2 + 2H2O 4) Balance H by adding H + to the left-hand-side MnO4 Ð + 4H + MnO2

  2. Experimental balance energies and isospin-dependent nucleon-nucleon cross-sections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjeev Kumar; Rajni; Suneel Kumar

    2010-09-28

    The effect of different isospin-dependent cross-section on directed flow is studied for variety of systems(for which experimental balance energies are available) using an isospin-dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamic (IQMD) model. We show that balance energies are sensitive towards isospin-dependent cross-sections for light systems, while nearly no effect exist for heavier nuclei. A reduced cross-section $\\sigma = 0.9\\sigma_{NN}$ with stiff equation of state is able to explain experimental balance energies in most of systems. A power law behaviour is also given for the mass dependence of balance energy, which also follow N/Z dependence.

  3. Role of Large Balancing Areas In Integrating Solar Generation: Solar Integration Series. 3 of 3 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-05-01

    The third out of a series of three fact sheets describing the role of large balancing areas in integrating solar generation.

  4. Impact of Balancing Areas Size, Obligation Sharing, and Ramping Capability on Wind Integration: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

    2007-06-01

    This paper examines wind integration costs as a function of balancing area size to determine if the larger system size helps mitigate wind integration cost increases.

  5. Analysis of Sub-Hourly Ramping Impacts of Wind Energy and Balancing Area Size: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

    2008-06-01

    In this paper, we analyze sub-hourly ramping requirements and the benefit of combining Balancing Authority operations with significant wind penetrations.

  6. Sandia Energy - Upgrades to SNL-EFDC: A Tool to Balance Marine...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Upgrades to SNL-EFDC: A Tool to Balance Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Generation Efficiency with Environmental Response Home Renewable Energy Energy Water Power News News & Events...

  7. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly.

  8. Sponsored Programs SPONSORED PROGRAMS MANUAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    the faculty member's base salary rate. Salary above and beyond the faculty member's base salary rate agency. Summer salary paid to faculty on academic year, or nine-month contracts is not considered extra: Sponsored Programs requires that all proposals whose budgets include funds to pay for salary in excess of 1

  9. Evaluation of Counter-Based Dynamic Load Balancing Schemes for Massive Contingency Analysis on Over 10,000 Cores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yousu; Huang, Zhenyu; Rice, Mark J.

    2012-12-27

    Contingency analysis studies are necessary to assess the impact of possible power system component failures. The results of the contingency analysis are used to ensure the grid reliability, and in power market operation for the feasibility test of market solutions. Currently, these studies are performed in real time based on the current operating conditions of the grid with a set of pre-selected contingency list, which might result in overlooking some critical contingencies caused by variable system status. To have a complete picture of a power grid, more contingencies need to be studied to improve grid reliability. High-performance computing techniques hold the promise of being able to perform the analysis for more contingency cases within a much shorter time frame. This paper evaluates the performance of counter-based dynamic load balancing schemes for a massive contingency analysis program on 10,000+ cores. One million N-2 contingency analysis cases with a Western Electricity Coordinating Council power grid model have been used to demonstrate the performance. The speedup of 3964 with 4096 cores and 7877 with 10240 cores are obtained. This paper reports the performance of the load balancing scheme with a single counter and two counters, describes disk I/O issues, and discusses other potential techniques for further improving the performance.

  10. Program Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atencio, Julian J.

    2014-05-01

    This presentation covers how to go about developing a human reliability program. In particular, it touches on conceptual thinking, raising awareness in an organization, the actions that go into developing a plan. It emphasizes evaluating all positions, eliminating positions from the pool due to mitigating factors, and keeping the process transparent. It lists components of the process and objectives in process development. It also touches on the role of leadership and the necessity for audit.

  11. Program Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONALofDefine Review Purpose andProgram

  12. Program Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONALofDefine Review Purpose andProgramJanuary-March 2015

  13. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Program Administrator Description

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Program Administrator Business Models, Program Administrator Description.

  14. Geothermal Technologies Program Overview - Peer Review Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milliken, JoAnn

    2011-06-06

    This Geothermal Technologies Program presentation was delivered on June 6, 2011 at a Program Peer Review meeting. It contains annual budget, Recovery Act, funding opportunities, upcoming program activities, and more.

  15. Programming and Fold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evens, Aden

    2009-01-01

    in the digital more generally. Programming presents a vexingthe extent to which programming is indeed mechanistic buthelp generate richer programming habits and better models

  16. Programming Considerations on Franklin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Programming CNL Programming Considerations on Franklin CNL Programming Considerations on Franklin Shared Libraries (not supported) The Cray XT series currently do not support...

  17. Biomass Program 2007 Program Peer Review - Program Summary Section

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-10-27

    This document summarizes the comments provided by the peer reviewers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Biomass Program’s Peer Review meeting, held on November 14-15, 2007 in Baltimore, MD and Platform Reviews conducted over the summer of 2007. The Platform Reviews provide evaluations of the Program’s projects in applied research, development, and demonstration.

  18. ENergy and Power Evaluation Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-11-01

    In the late 1970s, national and international attention began to focus on energy issues. Efforts were initiated to design and test analytical tools that could be used to assist energy planners in evaluating energy systems, particularly in developing countries. In 1984, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) commissioned Argonne National Laboratory`s Decision and Information Sciences Division (DIS) to incorporate a set of analytical tools into a personal computer-based package for distribution in developing countries. The package developed by DIS staff, the ENergy and Power Evaluation Program (ENPEP), covers the range of issues that energy planners must face: economic development, energy demand projections, supply-and-demand balancing, energy system expansion, and environmental impact analysis. Following the original DOE-supported development effort, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), with the assistance from the US Department of State (DOS) and the US Department of Energy (DOE), provided ENPEP training, distribution, and technical support to many countries. ENPEP is now in use in over 60 countries and is an international standard for energy planning tools. More than 500 energy experts have been trained in the use of the entire ENPEP package or some of its modules during the international training courses organized by the IAEA in collaboration with Argonne`s Decision and Information Sciences (DIS) Division and the Division of Educational Programs (DEP). This report contains the ENPEP program which can be download from the internet. Described in this report is the description of ENPEP Program, news, forums, online support and contacts.

  19. Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dommenget, Dietmar

    on the surface energy balance by very simple repre- sentations of solar and thermal radiation, the atmosphericConceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model Dietmar will introduce a very simple, globally resolved energy bal- ance (GREB) model, which is capable of simulating

  20. Fast Harmonic Balance of SIS Mixers with Multiple Junctions and Superconducting Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, John

    Fast Harmonic Balance of SIS Mixers with Multiple Junctions and Superconducting Circuits Frank Rice-47, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Abstract We have extended the spectral domain harmonic balance method-Raphson technique to achieve rapid convergence, even when many harmonics are included in the analysis. Another im

  1. Aalborg Universitet Multi-Objective Control of Balancing Systems for Li-Ion Battery Packs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreasen, Søren Juhl

    in a e-mobility application. Simulation results demonstrate the technical feasibility of this newlyAalborg Universitet Multi-Objective Control of Balancing Systems for Li-Ion Battery Packs Barreras, R. E. (2014). Multi-Objective Control of Balancing Systems for Li-Ion Battery Packs: A paradigm

  2. Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chansu

    relevant nodes but also to balance individual battery levels. Unbalanced energy usage will result1 Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Kyungtae Woo, Chansu Yu, and Dongman Lee Hee Yong Youn Ben Lee School of Engineering Information

  3. Structural Change, the Real Exchange Rate, and the Balance of Payments Constraint in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Structural Change, the Real Exchange Rate, and the Balance of Payments Constraint in Mexico Carlos of a model of balance-of-payments-constrained growth for Mexico, with disaggregated exports (manufactured for the slowdown in Mexico's actual growth during the early phase of trade liberalization and macro stabilization

  4. Using Banyan Networks for Load-Balanced Switches with Incremental Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng-Shang

    Using Banyan Networks for Load-Balanced Switches with Incremental Update Ching-Min Lien, Cheng@ee.nthu.edu.tw; jcheng@ee.nthu.edu.tw; lds@cs.nthu.edu.tw; jtliao@gibbs.ee.nthu.edu.tw Abstract--Load-balanced switches have received a lot of atten- tion lately as they are much more scalable than other existing switch

  5. The energetics of immunity: a neuroendocrine link between energy balance and immune function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demas, Greg

    The energetics of immunity: a neuroendocrine link between energy balance and immune function November 2003; accepted 13 November 2003 Keywords: Immune function; Energy balance; Neuroendocrine link to be buffered, to a large extent, from the external world in that few if any environmental perturbations were

  6. Revisiting the parameterization of potential evaporation as a driver of long-term water balance trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Aiguo

    /or Runoff. Most regions in the world lie in the continuum between the water and energy limits, reachingRevisiting the parameterization of potential evaporation as a driver of long-term water balance, evaporative flux and runoff simulated by the water balance model underlying the Palmer Drought Severity Index

  7. Dynamics of Social Balance on Networks T. Antal, P.L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terzi, Evimaria

    ;Real World Example [2] #12;Project Generalization to neutral edges Introduction of an 'energy' UDynamics of Social Balance on Networks T. Antal, P.L. Krapivsky, S. Redner 2010 March 04 Marco Winkler #12;Contents Definition of Social Balance Dynamics Local Triad Dynamics (LTD) Constrained

  8. Mathematical Properties of Pump-Leak Models of Cell Volume Control and Electrolyte Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Mathematical Properties of Pump-Leak Models of Cell Volume Control and Electrolyte Balance Yoichiro using pump-leak models, a system of differential algebraic equations that de- scribes the balance and stability of steady states for a general class of pump-leak models. We treat two cases. When the ion channel

  9. Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1 L.M. ANDREASSEN2,3 1 Department of Earth, Norway 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway ABSTRACT. Previously discovered regularity in vertical profiles of net balance, bnðzÞ, on ten glaciers in Norway also

  10. LoadBalancing Algorithms for Climate Models Ian T. Foster and Brian R. Toonen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Load­Balancing Algorithms for Climate Models Ian T. Foster and Brian R. Toonen Mathematics­balancing algorithms that we have devel­ oped for PCCM2, a scalable parallel implementation of the Community Climate Model, and present exper­ imental results that demonstrate the effectiveness of these algorithms

  11. An Institutional Frame to Compare Alternative Market Designs in EU Electricity Balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel; Saguan, Marcelo

    The so-called â electricity wholesale marketâ is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for â balancing,â in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of the Transmission...

  12. Comparative Analysis of Balanced Winnow and SVM in Large Scale Patent Categorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    Comparative Analysis of Balanced Winnow and SVM in Large Scale Patent Categorization Katrien Beuls techniques, a collection of 1.2 million patent applications is used to build a classifier that is able). Contrary to SVM, Balanced Winnow is frequently applied in today's patent categorization systems. Results

  13. Seasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at thermal wavelengths. At the surface of the planet, however, solar heating is offset mainly through] To maintain thermal equilibrium, Earth must balance absorbed solar radiation with an equal outward flux Africa, soil moisture is often so depleted that solar heating is balanced mainly by longwave radiation

  14. NRES 725 PLANT PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY Reading List Water Balance of Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowak, Robert S.

    1 NRES 725 ­ PLANT PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY Fall 2008 Reading List ­ Water Balance of Plants I) Water Balance of Plants A) Water potential B) Soil, plant, air continuum C) Physiological control 1) Roots-256 *Steudle (01) Ann Rev Plant Phy Mol Biol 52:847-875 Kirkham (05) pp 207-216 Kramer & Boyer (95) pp 115

  15. Effect of mass asymmetry on the mass dependence of balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriya Goyal

    2011-02-19

    We demonstrate the role of the mass asymmetry on the balance energy (Ebal) by studying asymmetric reactions throughout the periodic table and over entire colliding geometry. Our results, which are almost independent of the system size and as well as of the colliding geometries indicate a sizeable effect of the asymmetry of the reaction on the balance energy.

  16. Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Directs POMC Gene to Mediate Hypothalamic Glucose Sensing and Energy Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayar, Abdallah

    nutrient sensing in regulation of energy and body weight balance. Citation: Zhang H, Zhang G, Gonzalez FJ Sensing and Energy Balance Regulation. PLoS Biol 9(7): e1001112. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001112 AcademicHypoxia-Inducible Factor Directs POMC Gene to Mediate Hypothalamic Glucose Sensing and Energy

  17. Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky Abstract This paper considers energy constrained routing pro- tocols and workload balancing techniques for improving MANET routing protocols and energy efficiency. We give new routing protocol

  18. A Load Balancing Mechanism with Verification Daniel Grosu and Anthony T. Chronopoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chronopoulos, Anthony T.

    A Load Balancing Mechanism with Verification £ Daniel Grosu and Anthony T. Chronopoulos Department mechanisms with verification for heteroge- neous distributed systems. We derive a compensation and bonus type mechanism that solves the load balancing prob- lem in distributed systems in which computers are charac

  19. Multivariate Population Balances via Moment and Monte Carlo Simulation Methods: An Important Sol Reaction Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multivariate Population Balances via Moment and Monte Carlo Simulation Methods: An Important Sol application of current/future importance, a multivariate description is required, for which the existing, hopefully, motivate a broader attack on important multivariate population balance problems, including those

  20. Balanced electronic detection of displacement in nanoelectromechanical K. L. Ekinci,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roukes, Michael L.

    - ings. First, detection of the EMF becomes extremely chal- lenging, when Re Rm, i.e., in unmetallizedBalanced electronic detection of displacement in nanoelectromechanical systems K. L. Ekinci,a) Y. T describe a broadband radio frequency balanced bridge technique for electronic detection of displacement

  1. An Analysis of Energy Balance in a Helicon Plasma Source for Space Propulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Analysis of Energy Balance in a Helicon Plasma Source for Space Propulsion by Justin Matthew;An Analysis of Energy Balance in a Helicon Plasma Source for Space Propulsion by Justin Matthew Pucci are optical radiation emission, wall losses due to poor magnetic confinement, and poor antenna-plasma coupling

  2. Locality-Aware and Churn-Resilient Load-Balancing Algorithms in Structured

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Cheng-Zhong

    Locality-Aware and Churn-Resilient Load-Balancing Algorithms in Structured Peer-to-Peer Networks with churn. This paper presents a locality-aware randomized load-balancing algorithm to deal with both the proximity and network churn at the same time. We introduce a factor of randomness in the probing of lightly

  3. The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild Doris Folini Christoph Schar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    of the global energy balance, the radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accuratelyThe global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild · Doris Folini · Christoph Scha quantified from new satellite missions. Much less is known about the magnitude of the energy flows within

  4. Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwinning, Susan - Department of Biology, Texas State University

    Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas J, and sensitivity of the energy balance and evapotranspiration (ET) to rainfall and water deficits should be dampened. We evaluated responses of energy and water vapor fluxes to rainfall and water deficits in a live

  5. A Uniform PV Framework for Balanced Dynamics vertical structure of the troposphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muraki, David J.

    A Uniform PV Framework for Balanced Dynamics vertical structure of the troposphere surface & vertical displacement surface QG: balanced dynamics & uniform PV with vertical structure surface pressure & thickness vis-`a-vis 500 hPa vorticity & geopotential http://grads.iges.org 2 #12;PV Structure of the Lower

  6. continuity program

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46A NAME6/%2A en Continuity Program

  7. Program Summaries

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D-Nicholas Turro,Science (SC)ProbingProgram Summaries

  8. Integrated Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLANIs gravity aOverview ARMDistribution Performance Program

  9. Environmental Programs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesof Energy Services » ProgramEnvironmentalPolicy Los

  10. Program Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices inPrincipalFirmProductionWeatherizeProgram

  11. Program Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices inPrincipalFirmProductionWeatherizeProgram

  12. Program Managers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matricesstudents working in wetland PROGRAMProgramProgram

  13. The Impact of Solar Photovoltaic Generation on Balancing Requirements in the Southern Nevada System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Lu, Shuai; Hafen, Ryan P.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Chadliev, Vladimir

    2012-05-07

    Abstract—The impact of integrating large-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) generation on the balancing requirements in terms of regulation and load-following requirements in the southern Nevada balancing area is evaluated. The “swinging door” algorithm and the “probability box” method developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were used to quantify the impact of large PV generation on the balancing requirements of the system operations. The system’s actual scheduling, real-time dispatch and regulation processes were simulated. Different levels of distributed generation were also considered in the study. The impact of hourly solar PV generation forecast errors on regulation and load-following requirements was assessed. The sensitivity of balancing requirements with respect to real-time forecast errors of large PV generation was analyzed. Index Terms—Ancillary services, balancing requirements, load following, regulation, renewables integration, swinging door

  14. Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration

    2012-01-01

    The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.

  15. 1997 Operating plan for the Office of International Health Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    One year ago, the Office of International Health Programs provided you with our 1996 Operating Plan, which defined our ideas and ideals for conducting business in 1996. We have again this year undertaken an intensive planning effort, first reviewing our accomplishments and shortcomings during 1996, and then developing plans and priorities for the upcoming year, taking into account input from customers and outside review panels, and ensuring that the demands on the office have been balanced with anticipated human, financial, and material resources.

  16. Exploiting Flexibly Assignable Work to Improve Load Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinar, Ali

    - ences program, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research and performed at Sandia National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720 apinar@lbl.gov Bruce Hendrickson Parallel Computing Sciences Department Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87185­1110 bah@cs.sandia.gov ABSTRACT In many

  17. Oxalate Mass Balance During Chemical Cleaning in Tank 5F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-07-08

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is preparing Tank 5F for closure. The first step in preparing the tank for closure is mechanical sludge removal. Following mechanical sludge removal, SRS performed chemical cleaning with oxalic acid to remove the sludge heel. Personnel are currently assessing the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning to determine whether the tank is ready for closure. SRS personnel collected liquid samples during chemical cleaning and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for analysis. Following chemical cleaning, they collected a solid sample (also known as 'process sample') and submitted it to SRNL for analysis. The authors analyzed these samples to assess the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning process. Analysis of the anions showed the measured oxalate removed from Tank 5F to be approximately 50% of the amount added in the oxalic acid. To close the oxalate mass balance, the author collected solid samples, leached them with nitric acid, and measured the concentration of cations and anions in the leachate.

  18. Noncooperative Games for Autonomous Consumer Load Balancing over Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Tarun

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally, most consumers of electricity pay for their consumptions according to a fixed rate. With the ad- vancement of Smart Grid technologies, large-scale implementation of variable-rate metering becomes more practical. As a result, consumers will be able to control their electricity consumption in an automated fashion, where one possible scheme is to have each individual maximize their own utility as a noncooperative game. In this paper, noncooperative games are formulated among the electricity consumers in Smart Grid with two real-time pricing schemes, where the Nash equilibrium operation points are investigated for their uniqueness and load balancing properties. The first pricing scheme charges a price according to the average cost of electricity borne by the retailer and the second one charges according to a time-variant increasing-block price, where for each scheme, a zero-revenue model and a constant-rate revenue model are considered. In addition, the relationship between the studied games and ce...

  19. Evolution Effects on Parton Energy Loss with Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luan cheng; Enke Wang

    2010-04-30

    The initial conditions in the chemical non-equilibrated medium and Bjorken expanding medium at RHIC are determined. With a set of rate equations describing the chemical equilibration of quarks and gluons based on perturbative QCD, we investigate the consequence for parton evolution at RHIC. With considering parton evolution, it is shown that the Debye screening mass and the inverse mean free-path of gluons reduce with increasing proper time in the QGP medium. The parton evolution affects the parton energy loss with detailed balance, both parton energy loss from stimulated emission in the chemical non-equilibrated expanding medium and in Bjorken expanding medium are linear dependent on the propagating distance rather than square dependent in the static medium. The energy absorption can not be neglected at intermediate jet energies and small propagating distance of the energetic parton in contrast with that it is important only at intermediate jet energy in the static medium. This will increase the energy and propagating distance dependence of the parton energy loss and will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high P_T hadron spectra.

  20. Measurements of sideward flow around the balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INDRA collaboration; D. Cussol; T. Lefort; J. Péter

    2001-11-13

    Sideward flow values have been determined with the INDRA multidetector for Ar+Ni, Ni+Ni and Xe+Sn systems studied at GANIL in the 30 to 100 A.MeV incident energy range. The balance energies found for Ar+Ni and Ni+Ni systems are in agreement with previous experimental results and theoretical calculations. Negative sideward flow values have been measured. The possible origins of such negative values are discussed. They could result from a more important contribution of evaporated particles with respect to the contribution of promptly emitted particles at mid-rapidity. But effects induced by the methods used to reconstruct the reaction plane cannot be totally excluded. Complete tests of these methods are presented and the origins of the ``auto-correlation'' effect have been traced back. For heavy fragments, the observed negative flow values seem to be mainly due to the reaction plane reconstruction methods. For light charged particles, these negative values could result from the dynamics of the collisions and from the reaction plane reconstruction methods as well. These effects have to be taken into account when comparisons with theoretical calculations are done.

  1. Flow Effects on Jet Energy Loss with Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luan Cheng; Jia Liu; Enke Wang

    2014-06-03

    In the presence of collective flow a new model potential describing the interaction of the hard jet with scattering centers is derived based on the static color-screened Yukawa potential. The flow effect on jet quenching with detailed balance is investigated in pQCD. It turns out, considering the collective flow with velocity $v_z$ along the jet direction, the collective flow decreases the LPM destructive interference comparing to that in the static medium. The gluon absorption plays a more important role in the moving medium. The collective flow increases the energy gain from gluon absorption, however, decreases the energy loss from gluon radiation, which is $(1 - v_z )$ times as that in the static medium to the first order of opacity. In the presence of collective flow, the second order in opacity correction is relatively small compared to the first order. So that the total effective energy loss is decreased. The flow dependence of the energy loss will affect the suppression of high $p_T$ hadron spectrum and anisotropy parameter $v_2$ in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

  2. Large-amplitude solitons in gravitationally balanced quantum plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M.

    2014-08-15

    Using the quantum fluid model for self-gravitating quantum plasmas with the Bernoulli pseudopotential method and taking into account the relativistic degeneracy effect, it is shown that gravity-induced large-amplitude density rarefaction solitons can exist in gravitationally balanced quantum plasmas. These nonlinear solitons are generated due to the force imbalance between the gravity and the quantum fluid pressure via local density perturbations, similar to that on shallow waters. It is found that both the fluid mass-density and the atomic-number of the constituent ions have significant effect on the amplitude and width of these solitonic profiles. Existence of a large-scale gravity-induced solitonic activities on neutron-star surface, for instance, can be a possible explanation for the recently proposed resonant shattering mechanism [D. Tsang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 011102 (2012)] causing the intense short gamma ray burst phenomenon, in which release of ?10{sup 46}–10{sup 47} ergs would be possible from the surface. The resonant shattering of the crust in a neutron star has been previously attributed to the crust-core interface mode and the tidal surface tensions. We believe that current model can be a more natural explanation for the energy liberation by solitonic activities on the neutron star surfaces, without a requirement for external mergers like other neutron stars or black holes for the crustal shatter.

  3. Human Reliability Program Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodin, Michael

    2012-09-25

    This presentation covers the high points of the Human Reliability Program, including certification/decertification, critical positions, due process, organizational structure, program components, personnel security, an overview of the US DOE reliability program, retirees and academia, and security program integration.

  4. Renewable Energy Grant Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: This program is no longer accepting applications. See the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. '''''

  5. Investigating the possibilities of energy balance modelling with more moderate input data. Development and testing, Griesgletscher, Switzerland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Sarah

    A distributed surface energy balance model has been developed to simulate mass balance at an hourly resolution. The model is applied to a 25 m resolution digital elevation model of a valley glacier in Switzerland. The ...

  6. Beam-Energy Dependence of Charge Balance Functions from Au+Au Collisions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STAR Collaboration

    2015-07-13

    Balance functions have been measured in terms of relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$) for charged particle pairs at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) from Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 7.7 GeV to 200 GeV using the STAR detector. These results are compared with balance functions measured at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) from Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV by the ALICE Collaboration. The width of the balance function decreases as the collisions become more central and as the beam energy is increased. In contrast, the widths of the balance functions calculated using shuffled events show little dependence on centrality or beam energy and are larger than the observed widths. Balance function widths calculated using events generated by UrQMD are wider than the measured widths in central collisions and show little centrality dependence. The measured widths of the balance functions in central collisions are consistent with the delayed hadronization of a deconfined quark gluon plasma (QGP). The narrowing of the balance function in central collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 7.7 GeV implies that a QGP is still being created at this relatively low energy.

  7. Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartment ofof Energy Test| Department

  8. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Balancing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBioPredicting Envelope Leakage inBoiler

  9. Estimation of Groundwater Recharge at Pahute Mesa using the Chloride Mass-Balance Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, Clay A [DRI] [DRI; Hershey, Ronald L [DRI] [DRI; Healey, John M [DRI] [DRI; Lyles, Brad F [DRI] [DRI

    2013-07-01

    Groundwater recharge on Pahute Mesa was estimated using the chloride mass-balance (CMB) method. This method relies on the conservative properties of chloride to trace its movement from the atmosphere as dry- and wet-deposition through the soil zone and ultimately to the saturated zone. Typically, the CMB method assumes no mixing of groundwater with different chloride concentrations; however, because groundwater is thought to flow into Pahute Mesa from valleys north of Pahute Mesa, groundwater flow rates (i.e., underflow) and chloride concentrations from Kawich Valley and Gold Flat were carefully considered. Precipitation was measured with bulk and tipping-bucket precipitation gauges installed for this study at six sites on Pahute Mesa. These data, along with historical precipitation amounts from gauges on Pahute Mesa and estimates from the PRISM model, were evaluated to estimate mean annual precipitation. Chloride deposition from the atmosphere was estimated by analyzing quarterly samples of wet- and dry-deposition for chloride in the bulk gauges and evaluating chloride wet-deposition amounts measured at other locations by the National Atmospheric Deposition Program. Mean chloride concentrations in groundwater were estimated using data from the UGTA Geochemistry Database, data from other reports, and data from samples collected from emplacement boreholes for this study. Calculations were conducted assuming both no underflow and underflow from Kawich Valley and Gold Flat. Model results estimate recharge to be 30 mm/yr with a standard deviation of 18 mm/yr on Pahute Mesa, for elevations >1800 m amsl. These estimates assume Pahute Mesa recharge mixes completely with underflow from Kawich Valley and Gold Flat. The model assumes that precipitation, chloride concentration in bulk deposition, underflow and its chloride concentration, have been constant over the length of time of recharge.

  10. Dual shell pressure balanced reactor vessel. Final project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertus, R.J.; Fassbender, A.G.

    1994-10-01

    The Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Research (OER) has previously provided support for the development of several chemical processes, including supercritical water oxidation, liquefaction, and aqueous hazardous waste destruction, where chemical and phase transformations are conducted at high pressure and temperature. These and many other commercial processes require a pressure vessel capable of operating in a corrosive environment where safety and economy are important requirements. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) engineers have recently developed and patented (U.S. patent 5,167,930 December 1, 1992) a concept for a novel Dual Shell Pressure Balanced Vessel (DSPBV) which could solve a number of these problems. The technology could be immediately useful in continuing commercialization of an R&D 100 award-winning technology, Sludge-to-oil Reactor System (STORS), originally developed through funding by OER. Innotek Corporation is a small business that would be one logical end-user of the DSPBV reactor technology. Innotek is working with several major U.S. engineering firms to evaluate the potential of this technology in the disposal of wastes from sewage treatment plants. PNL entered into a CRADA with Innotek to build a bench-scale demonstration reactor and test the system to advance the economic feasibility of a variety of high pressure chemical processes. Hydrothermal processing of corrosive substances on a large scale can now be made significantly safer and more economical through use of the DSPBV. Hydrothermal chemical reactions such as wet-air oxidation and supercritical water oxidation occur in a highly corrosive environment inside a pressure vessel. Average corrosion rates from 23 to 80 miles per year have been reported by Rice (1994) and Latanision (1993).

  11. Study of a double bubbler for material balance in liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hugues Lambert

    2013-09-01

    The objective of this project was to determine the potential of a double bubbler to measure density and fluid level of the molten salt contained in an electrorefiner. Such in-situ real-time measurements can provide key information for material balances in the pyroprocessing of the nuclear spent fuel. This theoretical study showed this technique has a lot of promise. Four different experiments were designed and performed. The first three experiments studied the influence of a variety of factors such as depth difference between the two tubes, gas flow rate, the radius of the tubes and determining the best operating conditions. The last experiment purpose was to determine the precision and accuracy of the apparatus during specific conditions. The elected operating conditions for the characterization of the system were a difference of depth of 25 cm and a flow rate of 55 ml/min in each tube. The measured densities were between 1,000 g/l and 1,400g/l and the level between 34cm and 40 cm. The depth difference between the tubes is critical, the larger, the better. The experiments showed that the flow rate should be the same in each tube. The concordances with theoretical predictions were very good. The density precision was very satisfying (spread<0.1%) and the accuracy was about 1%. For the level determination, the precision was also very satisfying (spread<0.1%), but the accuracy was about 3%. However, those two biases could be corrected with calibration curves. In addition to the aqueous systems studied in the present work, future work will focus on examining the behavior of the double bubbler instrumentation in molten salt systems. The two main challenges which were identified in this work are the effect of the temperature and the variation of the superficial tension.

  12. Fact #871: May 4, 2015 Most Manufacturers Have Positive CAFE Credit Balances at the End of Model Year 2013 – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Most Manufacturers Have Positive CAFE Credit Balances at the End of Model Year 2013

  13. San Francisco Estuary Regional Monitoring Program for Trace Substances SFEI Contribution 115

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Francisco Estuary Regional Monitoring Program for Trace Substances SFEI Contribution 115 August 2004 San Francisco Estuary Institute A Simple Mass Balance Model for PAH Fate in the San Francisco Estuary Ben K. Greenfield Jay A. Davis #12;PAH fate in the San Francisco Estuary San Francisco Estuary

  14. MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , on balance increasing its role from present levels. The shale gas resource is a major contributor including the scale and cost of gas resources, the costs of competing technologies, the patternMIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change The Future of U.S. Natural Gas

  15. Role of colliding geometry on the N/Z dependence of balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

    2011-08-01

    We study the role of colliding geometry on the N/Z dependence of balance energy using isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. Our study reveals that the N/Z dependence of balance energy becomes much steeper for peripheral collisions as compared to the central collisions. We also study the effect of system mass on the impact parameter dependence of N/Z dependence of balance energy. The study shows that lighter systems shows greater sensitivity to colliding geometry towards the N/Z dependence.

  16. Generators of KMS Symmetric Markov Semigroups on B(h) Symmetry and Quantum Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Fagnola; V. Umanitá

    2009-08-06

    We find the structure of generators of norm continuous quantum Markov semigroups on B(h) that are symmetric with respect to the scalar product tr(\\rho^{1/2}x\\rho^{1/2}y) induced by a faithful normal invariant state invariant state \\rho and satisfy two quantum generalisations of the classical detailed balance condition related with this non-commutative notion of symmetry: the so-called standard detailed balance condition and the standard detailed balance condition with an antiunitary time reversal.

  17. Isolation of the nuclear compressibility with the balance energy D. J. Magestro, W. Bauer, and G. D. Westfall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    Isolation of the nuclear compressibility with the balance energy D. J. Magestro, W. Bauer, and G. D- lations have demonstrated that the balance energy, while sen- sitive to the nuclear compressibility K on the equation of state EOS and the in-medium cross section ( nn) for light systems. Also, the balance energy

  18. Generated using version 3.2 of the official AMS LATEX template Spatial and Temporal Scales of Sverdrup Balance1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Helen

    of Sverdrup Balance1 Matthew D. Thomas School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Plouzan´e, France 1 #12;ABSTRACT6 Sverdrup balance underlies much of the theory of ocean circulation extent and over what spatial and temporal scales Sverdrup balance describes the meridional10 transport

  19. Glacier mass balance determination by Remote Sensing in the French Alps: Progress and limitation for time series monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabatel, Antoine

    Glacier mass balance determination by Remote Sensing in the French Alps: Progress and limitation to determine the distribution of mass balance at high spatial resolution using remote sensing and ground stakes suited in the French Alps to evaluate the accuracy of the computed mass balance. The method is based

  20. From balance to imbalance: a shift in the dynamic behaviour of Chhota Shigri glacier, western Himalaya, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Etienne

    From balance to imbalance: a shift in the dynamic behaviour of Chhota Shigri glacier, western Toulouse Cedex, France ABSTRACT. Mass-balance and dynamic behaviour of Chhota Shigri glacier, western­89. During the period 2002­10, the glacier experienced a negative glacier-wide mass balance of ­0.67 Æ 0.40 m