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1

DATE: December 9, 2011 TO: Bailey Residents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joseph, Facilities Operations Supervisor, Walt Herrle, Food Service Director, and Greg Perrizo, Business Operations Supervisor RE: Bailey Hall Winter Break Information Please take a few minutes to read of the Bailey Staff will enter all rooms to conduct a safety and maintenance inspection. If University property

Janssen, Michel

2

ANOVA and Statistical Models R. A. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANOVA and Statistical Models R. A. Bailey School of Mathematical Sciences r.a.bailey depends on diet. Model: yield on cow i = KA +i if on diet A KB +i if on diet B KC +i if on diet C where +i if on diet B KC +i if on diet C where 1, ..., 11 are independent (normal) random variables

Bailey, R. A.

3

ANOVA and Statistical Models R. A. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANOVA and Statistical Models R. A. Bailey School of Mathematical Sciences r.a.bailey@qmul.ac.uk ESD on cow i = KA +i if on diet A KB +i if on diet B KC +i if on diet C where 1, ..., 11 are independent: yield depends on diet. Model: yield on cow i = KA +i if on diet A KB +i if on diet B KC +i if on diet

Bailey, R. A.

4

Ed Bailey | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironmentZIRKLE FRUITYear 1 WinnersEd Bailey Ed Bailey Oral

5

Field Mapping At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Bailey...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

based on surface mapping of the caldera. References Roy A. Bailey, Robert Leland Smith, Clarence Samuel Ross (1969) Stratigraphic Nomenclature of Volcanic Rocks in the Jemez...

6

Installation-wide energy-conservation demonstration at Fort McClellan, Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the installation-wide energy conservation demonstration at Fort McClellan, AL, was to evaluate the effectiveness of applying available energy-conservation technologies and techniques to produce significant and predictable reductions in energy use and cost. Five major areas of energy conservation were identified and investigated: (1) pressure reduction in district-steam-heating systems; (2) reduction of outdoor air in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems; (3) replacement of oversized and inefficient motors in HVAC systems; (4) reduction of outdoor air infiltration in family housing; and (5) combustion optimization of gas-fired heating equipment. Other areas of investigation included radio-controlled exterior lighting, and temperature reduction in the high-temperature hot-water system. Each conservation project was evaluated on a small scale to verify energy savings before it was implemented. An energy-information management system was developed to maintain annual consumption data for each building. The system provides immediate feedback on energy use so managers can make correct decisions on conservation measures. The energy conservation programs implemented at Fort McClellan contributed to the 14% reduction in baseline (weather independent) energy consumption from FY84 to FY86. These programs have wide applicability to other U.S. Army installations. This research has also shown the importance of preliminary, small-scale testing of energy-conservation programs before implementation.

Windingland, L.M.; Lilly, B.P.; Shonder, J.A.; Underwood, D.M.; Augustine, L.J.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Kay Bailey | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathan Pershingrelocates LocalFERMILAB-TM-2118Bailey Kay

8

Reactor control system upgrade for the McClellan Nuclear Radiation Center Sacramento, CA.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory is currently developing a new reactor control system for the McClellan Nuclear Radiation Facility. This new control system not only provides the same functionality as the existing control system in terms of graphic displays of reactor process variables, data archival capability, and manual, automatic, pulse and square-wave modes of operation, but adds to the functionality of the previous control system by incorporating signal processing algorithms for the validation of sensors and automatic calibration and verification of control rod worth curves. With the inclusion of these automated features, the intent of this control system is not to replace the operator but to make the process of controlling the reactor easier and safer for the operator. For instance, an automatic control rod calibration method reduces the amount of time to calibrate control rods from days to minutes, increasing overall reactor utilization. The control rod calibration curve, determined using the automatic calibration system, can be validated anytime after the calibration, as long as the reactor power is between 50W and 500W. This is done by banking all of the rods simultaneously and comparing the tabulated rod worth curves with a reactivity computer estimate. As long as the deviation between the tabulated values and the reactivity estimate is within a prescribed error band, then the system is in calibration. In order to minimize the amount of information displayed, only the essential flux-related data are displayed in graphical format on the control screen. Information from the sensor validation methods is communicated to the operators via messages, which appear in a message window. The messages inform the operators that the actual process variables do not correlate within the allowed uncertainty in the reactor system. These warnings, however, cannot cause the reactor to shutdown automatically. The reactor operator has the ultimate responsibility of using this information to either keep the reactor operating or to shut the reactor down. In addition to new developments in the signal processing realm, the new control system will be migrating from a PC-based computer platform to a Sun Solaris-based computer platform. The proven history of stability and performance of the Sun Sohuis operating system are the main advantages to this change. The I/O system will also be migrating from a PC-based data collection system, which communicates plant data to the control computer using RS-232 connections, to an Ethernet-based I/O system. The Ethernet Data Acquisition System (EDAS) modules from Intelligent Instrumentation, Inc. provide an excellent solution for embedded control of a system using the more universally-accepted data transmission standard of TCP/IP. The modules contain a PROM, which operates all of the functionality of the I/O module, including the TCP/IP network access. Thus the module does not have an internal, sophisticated operating system to provide functionality but rather a small set hard-coded of instructions, which almost eliminates the possibility of the module failing due to software problems. An internal EEPROM can be modified over the Internet to change module configurations. Once configured, the module is contacted just like any other Internet host using TCP/IP socket calls. The main advantage to this architecture is its flexibility, expandability, and high throughput.

Power, M. A.

1999-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

9

Radiation science using Z-pinch x raysa... J. E. Bailey,1,b)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation science using Z-pinch x raysa... J. E. Bailey,1,b) G. A. Chandler,1 D. Cohen,2 M. E 200 TW peak power, 5­10 ns duration x-ray bursts that provide new possibilities to advance radiation away from the pinch, where it is heated to 10­100 eV temperatures by the pinch radiation

Cohen, David

10

Using Layered Manufacturing for Scientific Visualization Mike Bailey, Oregon State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manufacturing, on the other hand, is characterized by additive manufacturing processes. They start with nothing, but there are significant advantages to additive manufacturing for scientific visualization: Extremely complex parts can1 Using Layered Manufacturing for Scientific Visualization Mike Bailey, Oregon State University

Bailey, Mike

11

A Comparison of Methods for Sizing Energy Storage Devices in Renewable Energy Systems Thomas Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Methods for Sizing Energy Storage Devices in Renewable Energy Systems by Thomas of Methods for Sizing Energy Storage Devices in Renewable Energy Systems by Thomas Bailey B.Eng, University, storage technologies are proposed as a means to increase the penetration of renewable energy, to minimize

Victoria, University of

12

The consolidation and bond strength of rafted sea ice Eleanor Bailey a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

override one an- other multiple times to produce thick sea ice features (Babko et al., 2002). This processThe consolidation and bond strength of rafted sea ice Eleanor Bailey a, , P.R. Sammonds a,b , D.L. Feltham b,c a Rock & Ice Physics Laboratory, Department of Earth Sciences, University College London

Feltham, Daniel

13

Loop Representations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The loop representation plays an important role in canonical quantum gravity because loop variables allow a natural treatment of the constraints. In these lectures we give an elementary introduction to (i) the relevant history of loops in knot theory and gauge theory, (ii) the loop representation of Maxwell theory, and (iii) the loop representation of canonical quantum gravity. (Based on lectures given at the 117. Heraeus Seminar, Bad Honnef, Sept. 1993)

B. Bruegmann

1993-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

14

PAP: A privacy and authentication protocol for passive RFID tags Alex X. Liu *, LeRoy A. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

people about consumer privacy protection and other security loopholes that make RFID tags an easy targetPAP: A privacy and authentication protocol for passive RFID tags Alex X. Liu *, LeRoy A. Bailey 2009 Accepted 20 March 2009 Available online 31 March 2009 Keywords: RFID Privacy Authentication

Liu, Alex X.

15

Compression Losses In Cryocoolers J.S. Reed, G. Davey, M.W. Dadd and P.B. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these losses is related to the irreversible compression of gas in the cylinder, and the magnitude of this loss1 Compression Losses In Cryocoolers J.S. Reed, G. Davey, M.W. Dadd and P.B. Bailey Department and conditions this 'lumped' loss varies with operating frequency, swept volume and pressure swing, suggesting

16

Gas Spring Losses in Linear Clearance Seal Compressors P.B. Bailey, M.W. Dadd, J.S. Reed*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a clearance seal linear compressor attached to a plain gas spring volume. The static flow through1 Gas Spring Losses in Linear Clearance Seal Compressors P.B. Bailey, M.W. Dadd, J.S. Reed* , C A fundamental loss mechanism in cryocoolers is associated with compression and expansion processes

17

Breaking ECC2K-130 Daniel V. Bailey1,10, Lejla Batina2, Daniel J. Bernstein3, Peter Birkner4, Joppe W. Bos5,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breaking ECC2K-130 Daniel V. Bailey1,10, Lejla Batina2, Daniel J. Bernstein3, Peter Birkner4, Joppe, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland {joppe.bos, thorsten.kleinjung}@epfl.ch 6 Academia Sinica, Taiwan {kc

Bernstein, Daniel

18

Quantum loop programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loop is a powerful program construct in classical computation, but its power is still not exploited fully in quantum computation. The exploitation of such power definitely requires a deep understanding of the mechanism of quantum loop programs. In this paper, we introduce a general scheme of quantum loops and describe its computational process. The notions of termination and almost termination are proposed for quantum loops, and the function computed by a quantum loop is defined. To show their expressive power, quantum loops are applied in describing quantum walks. Necessary and sufficient conditions for termination and almost termination of a general quantum loop on any mixed input state are presented. A quantum loop is said to be (almost) terminating if it (almost) terminates on any input state. We show that a quantum loop is almost terminating if and only if it is uniformly almost terminating. It is observed that a small disturbance either on the unitary transformation in the loop body or on the measurement in the loop guard can make any quantum loop (almost) terminating. Moreover, a representation of the function computed by a quantum loop is given in terms of finite summations of matrices. To illustrate the notions and results obtained in this paper, two simplest classes of quantum loop programs, one qubit quantum loops, and two qubit quantum loops defined by controlled gates, are carefully examined.

Mingsheng Ying; Yuan Feng

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

19

Fast flux locked loop  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flux locked loop for providing an electrical feedback signal, the flux locked loop employing radio-frequency components and technology to extend the flux modulation frequency and tracking loop bandwidth. The flux locked loop of the present invention has particularly useful application in read-out electronics for DC SQUID magnetic measurement systems, in which case the electrical signal output by the flux locked loop represents an unknown magnetic flux applied to the DC SQUID.

Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

20

Comparison of the ESP Benchmark with Observed System Utilization Adrian T. Wong, William T. C. Kramer, Leonid Oliker, and David H. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of the ESP Benchmark with Observed System Utilization Adrian T. Wong, William T. C. Kramer, Leonid Oliker, and David H. Bailey National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center Lawrence of configuration changes and software upgrades in existing systems, but are evolving this benchmark to provide

Bailey, David H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Dental Evidence from the Aterian Human Populations J.-J. Hublin, C. Verna, S. Bailey, T. Smith, A. Olejniczak, F. Z. Sbihi-Alaoui, and M. Zouak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Bailey, T. Smith, A. Olejniczak, F. Z. Sbihi-Alaoui, and M. Zouak Abstract The Aterian fossil hominins Department of Anthropology, New York University, Rufus D. Smith Hall, 25 Waverly Place, New York, NY 10003 Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany e-mail: sbailey@nyu.edu T. Smith Department of Human Evolutionary

Smith, Tanya M.

22

The Funk Transform as a Penrose Transform T.N. Bailey M.G. Eastwood A.R. Gover L.J. Mason  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Funk Transform as a Penrose Transform T.N. Bailey M.G. Eastwood A.R. Gover L.J. Mason December 2, 1999 Abstract The Funk transform is the integral transform from the space of smooth even this transform as a limit in a certain sense of the Penrose transform from C P 2 to C P \\Lambda 2 . We exploit

Gover, Rod

23

1D lanthanide halide crystals inserted into single-walled carbon nanotubes Cigang Xu,a Jeremy Sloan,ab Gareth Brown,ab Sam Bailey,a V. Clifford Williams,a Steffi Friedrichs,a Karl S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,ab Gareth Brown,ab Sam Bailey,a V. Clifford Williams,a Steffi Friedrichs,a Karl S. Coleman,a Emmanuel). Images were acquired digitally on a Gatan model 794 (1 k 3

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

24

Optimizing Nested Loops with Loop Distribution and Loop Fusion Department of Computer Science and Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nodes so that the loop nodes inside one partition can be fused directly without transformation. Maximum and the power consumption [1, 5, 7, 8]. Direct loop fusion is to find the legal fusion partition of the loop of the fused loops is minimized. Loop distribution separates independent statements inside a single loop (or

Sha, Edwin

25

Connecting PHP and PHP Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Connecting PHP and MySQL 1 #12;Outline · PHP Loops · PHPMyAdmin · Introducing SQL · Connecting Database from PHP · Exercises 2 #12;Loops · A loop statement is a control structure that repeatedly PHP supports the C style while loop ­ The body of the cycle

Graham, Nick

26

SPECIAL INITATIVE CONTACT: Stephanie McClellan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

necessary to displace fossil fuels and address climate change. Atlantic offshore wind energy has several blows during the points of highest energy demand. These advantages give offshore wind the potential to reduce peak and congestion prices on the East Coast. Importantly, offshore wind can significantly drive

Firestone, Jeremy

27

NETL - Chemical Looping Reactor  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

NETL's Chemical Looping Reactor unit is a high-temperature integrated CLC process with extensive instrumentation to improve computational simulations. A non-reacting test unit is also used to study solids flow at ambient temperature. The CLR unit circulates approximately 1,000 pounds per hour at temperatures around 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit.

None

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

28

Chemical Looping Combustion Kinetics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most promising methods of capturing CO{sub 2} emitted by coal-fired power plants for subsequent sequestration is chemical looping combustion (CLC). A powdered metal oxide such as NiO transfers oxygen directly to a fuel in a fuel reactor at high temperatures with no air present. Heat, water, and CO{sub 2} are released, and after H{sub 2}O condensation the CO{sub 2} (undiluted by N{sub 2}) is ready for sequestration, whereas the nickel metal is ready for reoxidation in the air reactor. In principle, these processes can be repeated endlessly with the original nickel metal/nickel oxide participating in a loop that admits fuel and rejects ash, heat, and water. Our project accumulated kinetic rate data at high temperatures and elevated pressures for the metal oxide reduction step and for the metal reoxidation step. These data will be used in computational modeling of CLC on the laboratory scale and presumably later on the plant scale. The oxygen carrier on which the research at Utah is focused is CuO/Cu{sub 2}O rather than nickel oxide because the copper system lends itself to use with solid fuels in an alternative to CLC called 'chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling' (CLOU).

Edward Eyring; Gabor Konya

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Coupled dual loop absorption heat pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coupled dual loop absorption system which utilizes two separate complete loops. Each individual loop operates at three temperatures and two pressures. This low temperature loop absorber and condenser are thermally coupled to the high temperature loop evaporator, and the high temperature loop condenser and absorber are thermally coupled to the low temperature generator.

Sarkisian, Paul H. (Watertown, MA); Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

BaileyQdo  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScience ProgramBackground High Energy Physics (HEP)Baer named a

31

Dynamic PID loop control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter oscillations. This paper presents a type of PID parameter self-optimal and Time-Delay control method used to reduce cryogenic system parameters' oscillation.

Pei, L; Theilacker, J; Soyars, W; Martinez, A; Bossert, R; DeGraff, B; Darve, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Dynamic PID loop control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter oscillations. This paper presents a type of PID parameter self-optimal and Time-Delay control method used to reduce cryogenic system parameters oscillation.

Pei, L.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; Soyars, W.; Martinez, A.; Bossert, R.; DeGraff, B.; Darve, C.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Sodium loop framework structural analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the structural analysis of the Sodium Loop framework in a drop condition. The drop is similar to the US Department of Transportation non-bulk, performance-oriented packaging (Packaging Group I) drop test. The drop height evaluated for the Sodium Loop framework is 5.9 ft.

Nguyen, P.M.

1995-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

34

Thermoelectric Power Generation System with Loop Thermosyphon...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Power Generation System with Loop Thermosyphon in Future High Efficiency Hybrid Vehicles Thermoelectric Power Generation System with Loop Thermosyphon in Future High Efficiency...

35

Loop Quantum Gravity Phenomenology: Linking Loops to Observational Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research during the last decade demonstrates that effects originating on the Planck scale are currently being tested in multiple observational contexts. In this review we discuss quantum gravity phenomenological models and their possible links to loop quantum gravity. Particle frameworks, including kinematic models, broken and deformed Poincar\\'e symmetry, non-commutative geometry, relative locality and generalized uncertainty principle, and field theory frameworks, including Lorentz violating operators in effective field theory and non-commutative field theory, are discussed. The arguments relating loop quantum gravity to models with modified dispersion relations are reviewed, as well as, arguments supporting the preservation of local Lorentz invariance. The phenomenology related to loop quantum cosmology is briefly reviewed, with a focus on possible effects that might be tested in the near future. As the discussion makes clear, there remains much interesting work to do in establishing the connection between the fundamental theory of loop quantum gravity and these specific phenomenological models, in determining observational consequences of the characteristic aspects of loop quantum gravity, and in further refining current observations. Open problems related to these developments are highlighted. characteristic aspects of loop quantum gravity, and in further refining current observations. Open problems related to these developments are highlighted.

Florian Girelli; Franz Hinterleitner; Seth A. Major

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

36

Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The questions I have been asked during the 5th International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, have compelled me to give an account of the premises that I consider important for a beginner's approach to Loop Quantum Gravity. After a description of some general arguments and an introduction to the canonical theory of gravity, I review the background independent approach to quantum gravity, giving only a brief survey of Loop Quantum Gravity.

Simone Mercuri

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

37

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop V. GravesV. Graves C. Caldwell IDS-NF Videoconference March 9, 2010 #12;Flow Loop Review · 1 cm dia nozzle, 20 m/s jet requires 1.57 liter/sec mercury flow (94 2 liter/min 24 9 gpm)mercury flow (94.2 liter/min, 24.9 gpm). · MERIT experiment showed that a pump

McDonald, Kirk

38

Free loop spaces in topology and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free loop spaces in topology and physics Kathryn Hess What is the space of free loops? Enumeration of geodesics Hochschild and cyclic homology Homological conformal field theories Free loop spaces in topology Meeting of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society Glasgow, 14 November 2008 #12;Free loop spaces in topology

Thévenaz, Jacques

39

Thermodynamics in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loop quantum cosmology (LQC) is very powerful to deal with the behavior of early universe. And the effective loop quantum cosmology gives a successful description of the universe in the semiclassical region. We consider the apparent horizon of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe as a thermodynamical system and investigate the thermodynamics of LQC in the semiclassical region. The effective density and effective pressure in the modified Friedmann equation from LQC not only determine the evolution of the universe in LQC scenario but are actually also found to be the thermodynamic quantities. This result comes from the energy definition in cosmology (the Misner-Sharp gravitational energy) and is consistent with thermodynamic laws. We prove that within the framework of loop quantum cosmology, the elementary equation of equilibrium thermodynamics is still valid.

Li-Fang Li; Jian-Yang Zhu

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

40

Parallel MATLAB: Parallel For Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel MATLAB: Parallel For Loops John Burkardt (FSU) Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff Research Computing ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 69 #12;MATLAB Parallel Example ODE SWEEP Example FMINCON Example Conclusion 2 / 69 #12;INTRO: Parallel MATLAB Parallel MATLAB

Crawford, T. Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Loop quantum gravity and observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum gravity has long been thought to be completely decoupled from experiments or observations. Although it is true that smoking guns are still missing, there are now serious hopes that quantum gravity phenomena might be tested. We review here some possible ways to observe loop quantum gravity effects either in the framework of cosmology or in astroparticle physics.

A. Barrau; J. Grain

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Detecting and escaping infinite loops using Bolt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we present Bolt, a novel system for escaping infinite loops. If a user suspects that an executing program is stuck in an infinite loop, the user can use the Bolt user interface, which attaches to the running ...

Kling, Michael (Michael W.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Video looping of human cyclic motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, a system called Video Looping is developed to analyze human cyclic motions. Video Looping allows users to extract human cyclic motion from a given video sequence. This system analyzes similarities from a large amount of live footage...

Choi, Hye Mee

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hard thermal loops in static external fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study, in the imaginary-time formalism, the high temperature behavior of n-point thermal loops in static Yang-Mills and gravitational fields. We show that in this regime, any hard thermal loop gives the same leading contribution as the one obtained by evaluating the loop at zero external energies and momenta.

J. Frenkel; S. H. Pereira; N. Takahashi

2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

45

Chemical Looping | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information on PV2009Information17.3180919°,FaultsLooping Jump

46

The conformal loop ensemble nesting field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conformal loop ensemble CLE$_\\kappa$ with parameter $8/3 nesting field. We generalize this result by assigning i.i.d. weights to the loops, and we treat an alternate notion of convergence to the nesting field in the case where the weight distribution has mean zero. We also establish estimates for moments of the number of CLE loops surrounding two given points.

Jason Miller; Samuel S. Watson; David B. Wilson

2014-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

McClellan, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermal System,WindMaxWestMcAdamsMcClellan,

48

Hard-thermal-loop QED thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The weak-coupling expansion for thermodynamic quantities in thermal field theories is poorly convergent unless the coupling constant is tiny. We discuss the calculation of the free energy for a hot gas of electrons and photons to three-loop order using hard-thermal-loop perturbation theory (HTLpt). We show that the hard-thermal-loop perturbation reorganization improves the convergence of the successive approximations to the QED free energy at large coupling, e ~ 2. The reorganization is gauge invariant by construction, and due to the cancellations among various contributions, we obtain a completely analytic result for the resummed thermodynamic potential at three loops.

Nan Su; Jens O. Andersen; Michael Strickland

2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

49

UWB communication receiver feedback loop  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel technique and structure that maximizes the extraction of information from reference pulses for UWB-TR receivers is introduced. The scheme efficiently processes an incoming signal to suppress different types of UWB as well as non-UWB interference prior to signal detection. Such a method and system adds a feedback loop mechanism to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of reference pulses in a conventional TR receiver. Moreover, sampling the second order statistical function such as, for example, the autocorrelation function (ACF) of the received signal and matching it to the ACF samples of the original pulses for each transmitted bit provides a more robust UWB communications method and system in the presence of channel distortions.

Spiridon, Alex (Palo Alto, CA); Benzel, Dave (Livermore, CA); Dowla, Farid U. (Castro Valley, CA); Nekoogar, Faranak (San Ramon, CA); Rosenbury, Erwin T. (Castro Valley, CA)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

50

Georgia gulf widens the loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In describing Georgia Gulf's experience with Responsible Care, president and CEO Jerry Satrum turns first to the pollution prevention code. Noting that the $838-million/year commodities and vinyl resins producer is not on the list of companies with the highest reportable emissions, Satrum says that Georgia Gulf has, nonetheless, reduced emissions from 4.5 million tons in 1987 to 1 million tons. The waste minimization element of pollution prevention has also had a profound effect on a compelling challenge to the company - getting its smaller operations into the loop on Responsible Care. It also brings to bear the product stewardship code - waste and materials management programs at Georgia Gulf's three vinyl compounding operations address waste issues for suppliers and customers.

Mullin, R.

1992-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

51

Ground Loops for Heat Pumps and Refrigeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ground loops are used for water source heat pumps. Refrigeration can be put on a ground loop. Water-cooled condensing units are more efficient than air-cooled, and they can be put indoors. Indoor location makes piping for desuperheater hot water...

Braud, H. J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Modulation of DNA loop lifetimes by the free energy of loop formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Storage and retrieval of the genetic information in cells is a dynamic process that requires the DNA to undergo dramatic structural rearrangements. DNA looping is a prominent example of such a structural rearrangement that is essential for transcriptional regulation in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and the speed of such regulations affects the fitness of individuals. Here, we examine the in vitro looping dynamics of the classic Lac repressor gene-regulatory motif. We show that both loop association and loop dissociation at the DNA-repressor junctions depend on the elastic deformation of the DNA and protein, and that both looping and unlooping rates approximately scale with the looping J factor, which reflects the system's deformation free energy. We explain this observation by transition state theory and model the DNA-protein complex as an effective worm-like chain with twist. We introduce a finite protein-DNA binding interaction length, in competition with the characteristic DNA deformation length scale, ...

Chen, Yi-Ju; Mulligan, Peter; Spakowitz, Andrew J; Phillips, Rob

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

FCH Optical Phase-Locked Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¦ î ¤ ü ? ø Ð Ð ú ¸ ? í ® FCH Optical Phase- Locked Loop? ? û ³ è Optimization of Optica1 Phase

Choi, Woo-Young

54

Sandia National Laboratories: PMTF Flow Loop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EBTS and EB-1200 vacuum chambers, and is used for infrared thermography in separate hotcold transient tests that assess the quality of brazed joints. The flow loop gives the...

55

The Three-Loop Lattice Free Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the free energy of SU(N) gauge theories on the lattice, to three loops. Our result, combined with Monte Carlo data for the average plaquette, gives a more precise estimate of the gluonic condensate.

B. Alles; M. Campostrini; A. Feo; H. Panagopoulos

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Detecting and escaping infinite loops with jolt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infinite loops can make applications unresponsive. Potential problems include lost work or output, denied access to application functionality, and a lack of responses to urgent events. We present Jolt, a novel system for ...

Carbin, Michael James

57

Off-shell two loop QCD vertices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the triple gluon, ghost-gluon and quark-gluon vertex functions at two loops in the MSbar scheme in the chiral limit for an arbitrary linear covariant gauge when the external legs are all off-shell.

J. A. Gracey

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

58

Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the past several years Alstom Power Inc. (Alstom), a leading world-wide power system manufacturer and supplier, has been in the initial stages of developing an entirely new, ultra-clean, low cost, high efficiency power plant for the global power market. This new power plant concept is based on a hybrid combustion-gasification process utilizing high temperature chemical and thermal looping technology The process consists of the oxidation, reduction, carbonation, and calcination of calcium-based compounds, which chemically react with coal, biomass, or opportunity fuels in two chemical loops and one thermal loop. The chemical and thermal looping technology can be alternatively configured as (i) a combustion-based steam power plant with CO{sub 2} capture, (ii) a hybrid combustion-gasification process producing a syngas for gas turbines or fuel cells, or (iii) an integrated hybrid combustion-gasification process producing hydrogen for gas turbines, fuel cells or other hydrogen based applications while also producing a separate stream of CO{sub 2} for use or sequestration. In its most advanced configuration, this new concept offers the promise to become the technology link from today's Rankine cycle steam power plants to tomorrow's advanced energy plants. The objective of this work is to develop and verify the high temperature chemical and thermal looping process concept at a small-scale pilot facility in order to enable AL to design, construct and demonstrate a pre-commercial, prototype version of this advanced system. In support of this objective, Alstom and DOE started a multi-year program, under this contract. Before the contract started, in a preliminary phase (Phase 0) Alstom funded and built the required small-scale pilot facility (Process Development Unit, PDU) at its Power Plant Laboratories in Windsor, Connecticut. Construction was completed in calendar year 2003. The objective for Phase I was to develop the indirect combustion loop with CO{sub 2} separation, and also syngas production from coal with the calcium sulfide (CaS)/calcium sulfate (CaSO{sub 4}) loop utilizing the PDU facility. The results of Phase I were reported in Reference 1, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase I Report' The objective for Phase II was to develop the carbonate loop--lime (CaO)/calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) loop, integrate it with the gasification loop from Phase I, and ultimately demonstrate the feasibility of hydrogen production from the combined loops. The results of this program were reported in Reference 3, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase II Report'. The objective of Phase III is to operate the pilot plant to obtain enough engineering information to design a prototype of the commercial Chemical Looping concept. The activities include modifications to the Phase II Chemical Looping PDU, solids transportation studies, control and instrumentation studies and additional cold flow modeling. The deliverable is a report making recommendations for preliminary design guidelines for the prototype plant, results from the pilot plant testing and an update of the commercial plant economic estimates.

Herbert Andrus; Gregory Burns; John Chiu; Gregory Lijedahl; Peter Stromberg; Paul Thibeault

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

On Smarandache Bryant Schneider group of a Smarandache loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of Smarandache Bryant Schneider Group of a Smarandache loop is introduced. Relationship(s) between the Bryant Schneider Group and the Smarandache Bryant Schneider Group of an S-loop are discovered and the later is found to be useful in finding Smarandache isotopy-isomorphy condition(s) in S-loops just like the formal is useful in finding isotopy-isomorphy condition(s) in loops. Some properties of the Bryant Schneider Group of a loop are shown to be true for the Smarandache Bryant Schneider Group of a Smarandache loop. Some interesting and useful cardinality formulas are also established for a type of finite Smarandache loop.

Temitope Gbolahan Jaiyeola

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

60

Closed Loop Recycling of PreservativeClosed Loop Recycling of Preservative Treated WoodTreated Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Closed Loop Recycling of PreservativeClosed Loop Recycling of Preservative Treated WoodTreated Wood.2 million cubic meters) of lumber treated with CCA are produced annually in the United States (Micklewright 1998). ·In 1997, for example, some 581.4 million cu. ft. was treated with waterborne preservatives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

USING MODEL CHECKING TO DERIVE LOOP BOUNDS OF GENERAL LOOPS WITHIN ANSI-C APPLICATIONS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USING MODEL CHECKING TO DERIVE LOOP BOUNDS OF GENERAL LOOPS WITHIN ANSI-C APPLICATIONS for applications written in ANSI-C. The described method uses a model checker and a binary search algorithm with little pro- gramming effort for applications written in ANSI-C. The performance is probably inferior

62

Towards LHC phenomenology at the loop level: A new method for one-loop amplitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A precise understanding of LHC phenomenology requires the inclusion of one-loop corrections for multi-particle final states. In this talk we describe a semi-numerical method to compute one-loop amplitudes with many external particles and present first applications.

T. Binoth; M. Ciccolini; G. Heinrich

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

63

Parameterizing loop fusion for automated empirical tuning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traditional compilers are limited in their ability to optimize applications for different architectures because statically modeling the effect of specific optimizations on different hardware implementations is difficult. Recent research has been addressing this issue through the use of empirical tuning, which uses trial executions to determine the optimization parameters that are most effective on a particular hardware platform. In this paper, we investigate empirical tuning of loop fusion, an important transformation for optimizing a significant class of real-world applications. In spite of its usefulness, fusion has attracted little attention from previous empirical tuning research, partially because it is much harder to configure than transformations like loop blocking and unrolling. This paper presents novel compiler techniques that extend conventional fusion algorithms to parameterize their output when optimizing a computation, thus allowing the compiler to formulate the entire configuration space for loop fusion using a sequence of integer parameters. The compiler can then employ an external empirical search engine to find the optimal operating point within the space of legal fusion configurations and generate the final optimized code using a simple code transformation system. We have implemented our approach within our compiler infrastructure and conducted preliminary experiments using a simple empirical search strategy. Our results convey new insights on the interaction of loop fusion with limited hardware resources, such as available registers, while confirming conventional wisdom about the effectiveness of loop fusion in improving application performance.

Zhao, Y; Yi, Q; Kennedy, K; Quinlan, D; Vuduc, R

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Entropic Motion in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entropic forces result from an increase of the entropy of a thermodynamical physical system. It has been proposed that gravity is such a phenomenon and many articles have appeared on the literature concerning this problem. Loop quantum gravity has also considered such possibility. We propose a new method in loop quantum gravity which reproduces an entropic force. By considering the interaction between a fixed gravity state space and a particle state in loop quantum gravity, we show that it leads to a mathematical description of a random walk of such particle. The random walk in special situations, can be seen as an entropic motion in such a way that the particle will move towards a location where entropy increases. This may prove that such theory can reproduce gravity as it is expected.

J. Manuel Garcia-Islas

2015-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

65

Flat Spacetime Vacuum in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a state in the loop quantum gravity theory with zero cosmological constant, which should correspond to the flat spacetime vacuum solution. This is done by defining the loop transform coefficients of a flat connection wavefunction in the holomorphic representation which satisfies all the constraints of quantum General Relativity and it is peaked around the flat space triads. The loop transform coefficients are defined as spin foam state sum invariants of the spin networks embedded in the spatial manifold for the SU(2) quantum group. We also obtain an expression for the vacuum wavefunction in the triad represntation, by defining the corresponding spin networks functional integrals as SU(2) quantum group state sums.

A. Mikovic

2004-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

66

A keyboard control method for loop measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a keyboard control mode based on the DEC VAX computer. The VAX Keyboard code can be found under running of a program was developed. During the loop measurement or multitask operation, it ables to be distinguished from a keyboard code to stop current operation or transfer to another operation while previous information can be held. The combining of this mode, the author successfully used one key control loop measurement for test Dual Input Memory module which is used in a rearrange Energy Trigger system for LEP 8 Bunch operation.

Gao, Z.W. [Universita Degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza (Italy)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

67

Loop quantum gravity - a short review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we review the foundations and the present status of loop quantum gravity. It is short and relatively non-technical, the emphasis is on the ideas, and the flavor of the techniques. In particular, we describe the kinematical quantization and the implementation of the Hamilton constraint, as well as the quantum theory of black hole horizons, semiclassical states, and matter propagation. Spin foam models and loop quantum cosmology are mentioned only in passing, as these will be covered in separate reviews to be published alongside this one.

Sahlmann, Hanno

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Non-standard loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results concerning the nature of the cosmological big bounce(BB) transition within the loop geometry underlying loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Our canonical quantization method is an alternative to the standard LQC. An evolution parameter we use has clear interpretation both at classical and quantum levels. The physical volume operator has discrete spectrum which is bounded from below. The minimum gap in the spectrum defines a quantum of the volume. The spectra of operators are parametrized by a free parameter to be determined.

Wlodzimierz Piechocki

2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

69

Automation of one-loop QCD corrections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the complete automation of the computation of one-loop QCD corrections, including UV renormalization, to an arbitrary scattering process in the Standard Model. This is achieved by embedding the OPP integrand reduction technique, as implemented in CutTools, into the MadGraph framework. By interfacing the tool so constructed, which we dub MadLoop, with MadFKS, the fully automatic computation of any infrared-safe observable at the next-to-leading order in QCD is attained. We demonstrate the flexibility and the reach of our method by calculating the production rates for a variety of processes at the 7 TeV LHC.

Valentin Hirschi; Rikkert Frederix; Stefano Frixione; Maria Vittoria Garzelli; Fabio Maltoni; Roberto Pittau

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

70

Evaluation of multi-loop multi-scale integrals and phenomenological two-loop applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, major developments in the publicly available program SecDec are presented, extending the numerical evaluation of multi-loop multi-scale integrals from Euclidean to physical kinematics. The power of this new feature is shown in two phenomenological applications. In the first, numerical results for several massive two-loop four-point functions are shown. In its second application within this thesis, the leading momentum-dependent two-loop corrections to the neutral $\\mathcal{CP}$-even MSSM Higgs-boson masses are calculated. The results are included in the code FeynHiggs.

Sophia Borowka

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

71

Wilson-Loop Symmetry Breaking Reexamined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The splitting in energy of gauge field vacua on the non-simply connected space $S^3/Z_2$ is reconsidered. We show the calculation to the one-loop level for a Yang-Mills vector with a ghost field. We confirm our previous result and give a solution to the question posed by Freire, Rom\\~ao and Barroso.

Atsushi Nakamula; Kiyoshi Shiraishi

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

72

Parallel MATLAB at VT: Parallel For Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel MATLAB at VT: Parallel For Loops John Burkardt (FSU) Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff Research Computing ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 72 #12;MATLAB Parallel Example ODE SWEEP Example FMINCON Example Conclusion 2 / 72 #12;INTRO: Parallel MATLAB Parallel MATLAB

Crawford, T. Daniel

73

Parallel MATLAB at VT: Parallel For Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel MATLAB at VT: Parallel For Loops John Burkardt (FSU) Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff Research Computing ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 71 #12;MATLAB Parallel Example ODE SWEEP Example FMINCON Example Conclusion 2 / 71 #12;INTRO: Parallel MATLAB Parallel MATLAB

Crawford, T. Daniel

74

Parallel MATLAB at VT: Parallel For Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel MATLAB at VT: Parallel For Loops John Burkardt (FSU) Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff Research Computing ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 56 #12;Matlab Parallel ODE SWEEP Example MD Example Conclusion 2 / 56 #12;INTRO: Parallel Matlab In a previous lecture we

Crawford, T. Daniel

75

Warm inflationary model in loop quantum cosmology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A warm inflationary universe model in loop quantum cosmology is studied. In general we discuss the condition of inflation in this framework. By using a chaotic potential, V({phi}){proportional_to}{phi}{sup 2}, we develop a model where the dissipation coefficient {Gamma}={Gamma}{sub 0}=constant. We use recent astronomical observations for constraining the parameters appearing in our model.

Herrera, Ramon [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Avenida Brasil 2950, Casilla 4059, Valparaiso (Chile)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills thermodynamics are, modulo 1PI resummations, determined by a finite number of connected bubble diagrams.

Ralf Hofmann

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

77

Free Steiner Loops Smile Markovski, Ana Sokolova  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Steiner Loops Smile Markovski, Ana Sokolova Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Institute and finite sloops. Two constructions of free objects in the variety of sloops are pre­ sented in this paper. They both allow recursive construction of a free sloop with a free base X, provided that X is recursively

Sokolova, Ana

78

One Loop Renormalization of Fermilab Fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the current status of our automatic perturbation theory program as applied to Fermilab Fermions. We give an overview of our methods, a discussion of tree level matching, and one loop results for the coefficients of the higher dimension kinetic operators.

Matthew Nobes; Howard Trottier

2002-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

79

Loop realizations of quantum affine algebras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We give a simplified description of quantum affine algebras in their loop presentation. This description is related to Drinfeld's new realization via halves of vertex operators. We also define an idempotent version of the quantum affine algebra which is suitable for categorification.

Cautis, Sabin [Department of Mathematics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, 90089 (United States); Licata, Anthony [Department of Mathematics, Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Selective purge for hydrogenation reactor recycle loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Processes and apparatus for providing improved contaminant removal and hydrogen recovery in hydrogenation reactors, particularly in refineries and petrochemical plants. The improved contaminant removal is achieved by selective purging, by passing gases in the hydrogenation reactor recycle loop or purge stream across membranes selective in favor of the contaminant over hydrogen.

Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Loop simulation capability for sodium-cooled systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A one-dimensional loop simulation capability has been implemented in the thermal-hydraulic analysis code, THERMIT-4E. This code had been used to simulate and investigate flow in test sections of experimental sodium loops ...

Adekugbe, Oluwole A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Thalamocortical Loops and Information Processing 2427 Thalamocortical Dysrhythmia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T Thalamocortical Loops and Information Processing 2427 Thalamocortical Dysrhythmia Synonyms TCD) the production of low-threshold calcium spike bursts by deinactiva- tion of calcium T-channels, discharging. Corticothalamic and Thalamocortical Interactions Thalamocortical Loops and Information Processing S. MURRAY

Sherman, S. Murray

83

Breakout Session: Getting in the Loop: PV Hardware Recycling...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Getting in the Loop: PV Hardware Recycling and Sustainability Breakout Session: Getting in the Loop: PV Hardware Recycling and Sustainability May 21, 2014 6:30PM to 7:30PM PDT...

84

Gravitational field of a stationary circular cosmic string loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational field of a stationary circular cosmic string loop has been studied in the context of full nonlinear Einstein's theory of gravity. It has been assumed that the radial and tangential stresses of the loop are equal to the energy density of the string loop. An exact solution for the system has been presented which has a singularity at a finite distance from the axis,but is regular for any other distances from the axis of the loop.

A; A. Sen; N. Banerjee

1998-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Closed loop cooling operation with MICON. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Document provides instructions for testing the closed loop cooling operation with the MICON Computer System at PFP.

Navarro, G.E.

1995-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

86

Open versus closed loop capacity equilibria in electricity markets ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ity expansion problem in liberalized electricity markets. The first is an open loop equilibrium model, where generation companies simultaneously choose.

2012-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

87

Six-loop divergences in the supersymmetric Kahler sigma model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The two-dimensional supersymmetric $\\s$-model on a K\\"ahler manifold has a non-vanishing $\\b$-function at four loops, but the $\\b$-function at five loops can be made to vanish by a specific choice of renormalisation scheme. We investigate whether this phenomenon persists at six loops, and conclude that it does not; there is a non-vanishing six-loop $\\b$-function irrespective of renormalisation scheme ambiguities.

I. Jack; D. R. T. Jones; J. Panvel

1993-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

88

On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Joel Ouaknine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Joel Ouaknine Department of Computer Science Oxford con- cerns the termination of simple linear loops of the form: x u ; while Bx c do x Ax + a , where initial integer vectors u, such a loop terminates. The correctness of our algorithm relies

Ouaknine, Jol

89

Sagnac Interference in Carbon Nanotube Loops Gil Refael,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sagnac Interference in Carbon Nanotube Loops Gil Refael,1 Jinseong Heo,2 and Marc Bockrath2 1 loops. The conductance as a function of the applied voltage is shown to oscillate due to interference between electron beams traversing the loop in two opposite directions, with slightly different velocities

Bockrath, Marc

90

REFINED RFP LOOP VOLTAGE CALCULATION J.C. Sprott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the stored magnetic energy, Up is the plasma energy, and 'E is the global energy confinement time, which-of-merit for RFP devices is the loop voltage. Low loop voltage implies high plasma temperature and long energy is smallest if the loop is as close to the outside of the shell and as far from the primary windings

Sprott, Julien Clinton

91

Molecular Cell R-Loop Formation Is a Distinctive Characteristic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular Cell Article R-Loop Formation Is a Distinctive Characteristic of Unmethylated Human Cp of GC skew leads to the formation of long R loop structures. Furthermore, we show that GC skew and R, we provide evidence that R loop formation protects from DNMT3B1, the primary de novo DNA

Chédin, Frédéric

92

Nested Loop Algorithm for Parallel Model Based Iterative Reconstruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nested Loop Algorithm for Parallel Model Based Iterative Reconstruction Zhou Yu, Lin Fu, Debashish. In this paper, we propose a fast converging simultaneous-update algorithm using a nested loop structure tomography, iterative reconstruction, nested loop, preconditioner. I. INTRODUCTION Recent applications

93

Loop Gas Model for Open Strings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The open string with one-dimensional target space is formulated in terms of an SOS, or loop gas, model on a random surface. We solve an integral equation for the loop amplitude with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions imposed on different pieces of its boundary. The result is used to calculate the mean values of order and disorder operators, to construct the string propagator and find its spectrum of excitations. The latter is not sensible neither to the string tension $\\L$ nor to the mass $\\mu$ of the ``quarks'' at the ends of the string. As in the case of closed strings, the SOS formulation allows to construct a Feynman diagram technique for the string interaction amplitudes.

V. Kazakov; I. Kostov

1992-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

94

MAGNETIC LOOPS IN THE QUIET SUN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the fine structure of magnetic fields in the atmosphere of the quiet Sun. We use photospheric magnetic field measurements from SUNRISE/IMaX with unprecedented spatial resolution to extrapolate the photospheric magnetic field into higher layers of the solar atmosphere with the help of potential and force-free extrapolation techniques. We find that most magnetic loops that reach into the chromosphere or higher have one footpoint in relatively strong magnetic field regions in the photosphere. Ninety-one percent of the magnetic energy in the mid-chromosphere (at a height of 1 Mm) is in field lines, whose stronger footpoint has a strength of more than 300 G, i.e., above the equipartition field strength with convection. The loops reaching into the chromosphere and corona are also found to be asymmetric in the sense that the weaker footpoint has a strength B < 300 G and is located in the internetwork (IN). Such loops are expected to be strongly dynamic and have short lifetimes, as dictated by the properties of the IN fields.

Wiegelmann, T.; Solanki, S. K.; Barthol, P.; Gandorfer, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Str. 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Borrero, J. M.; Schmidt, W. [Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik, Schoeneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Pillet, V. MartInez; Bonet, J. A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, C/Via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Del Toro Iniesta, J. C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Apartado de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Domingo, V. [Grupo de Astronomia y Ciencias del Espacio, Universidad de Valencia, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Knoelker, M. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Title, A. M., E-mail: wiegelmann@mps.mpg.d [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

95

Water-loop heat pump systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water-loop heat pump (WLHP) systems are reliable, versatile, energy-efficient alternatives to conventional systems such as packaged rooftop or central chiller systems. These systems offer low installed costs, unparalleled design flexibility, and an inherent ability to recover heat in a variety of commercial and multifamily residential buildings for both new construction and retrofit markets. Southern California Edison Co. (SCE) teamed with EPRI to develop a comprehensive design guide for WLHP systems that incorporated recent research by EPRI, SCE, and others. The project team reviewed current literature, equipment data, and design guidelines from equipment manufacturers. They next discussed design and application practices with consulting engineers as well as design and building contractors. The team also ran extensive computer simulations on commercial and multifamily residential building models for Southern California, both to determine the sensitivity of energy use to WLHP system design parameters and to establish optimal design parameters. This information culminated in a comprehensive engineering guide. Volume 1 of this report, provides step-by-step technical design data for selection, application, and specification of WLHP systems. This guide emphasizes energy-efficient design principles and incorporates the findings of the computer simulations and research. For example, it recommends lowering the loop temperature in buildings dominated by internal loads. Reducing the loop temperature from 90 to 80[degrees]F provides a 7--10% savings in the total system energy in Southern California climate areas. Other recommendations include (1) installing a cooling tower with a propeller fan, which uses one fourth to one third of the energy of a cooling tower with a centrifugal fan; and (2) incorporating variable-speed pumps in conjunction with two-position valves in the heat pumps to reduce the system pump energy use by up to 50%.

Eley, C.; Hydeman, M. (Eley (Charles) Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Gas Test Loop Booster Fuel Hydraulic Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gas Test Loop (GTL) project is for the design of an adaptation to the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) to create a fast-flux test space where fuels and materials for advanced reactor concepts can undergo irradiation testing. Incident to that design, it was found necessary to make use of special booster fuel to enhance the neutron flux in the reactor lobe in which the Gas Test Loop will be installed. Because the booster fuel is of a different composition and configuration from standard ATR fuel, it is necessary to qualify the booster fuel for use in the ATR. Part of that qualification is the determination that required thermal hydraulic criteria will be met under routine operation and under selected accident scenarios. The Hydraulic Testing task in the GTL project facilitates that determination by measuring flow coefficients (pressure drops) over various regions of the booster fuel over a range of primary coolant flow rates. A high-fidelity model of the NW lobe of the ATR with associated flow baffle, in-pile-tube, and below-core flow channels was designed, constructed and located in the Idaho State University Thermal Fluids Laboratory. A circulation loop was designed and constructed by the university to provide reactor-relevant water flow rates to the test system. Models of the four booster fuel elements required for GTL operation were fabricated from aluminum (no uranium or means of heating) and placed in the flow channel. One of these was instrumented with Pitot tubes to measure flow velocities in the channels between the three booster fuel plates and between the innermost and outermost plates and the side walls of the flow annulus. Flow coefficients in the range of 4 to 6.5 were determined from the measurements made for the upper and middle parts of the booster fuel elements. The flow coefficient for the lower end of the booster fuel and the sub-core flow channel was lower at 2.3.

Gas Test Loop Hydraulic Testing Staff

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

High Energy Evolution with Pomeron Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high energy/density QCD has been widely used for DIS phenomenology with a projectile particle considered as perturbative and dilute. We review some recent attempts to derive a high energy evolution kernel which treats targets and projectiles in a symmetric manner. From theoretical point of view the problem is tightly related to inclusion of Pomeron loops in the evolution. The ultimate goal is to consider high energy scatterings with both projectile and target being dense, the situation faced at RHIC and the LHC.

Michael Lublinsky

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

98

Thermoelectric power generator with intermediate loop  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric power generator is disclosed for use to generate electrical power from heat, typically waste heat. An intermediate heat transfer loop forms a part of the system to permit added control and adjustability in the system. This allows the thermoelectric power generator to more effectively and efficiently generate power in the face of dynamically varying temperatures and heat flux conditions, such as where the heat source is the exhaust of an automobile, or any other heat source with dynamic temperature and heat flux conditions.

Bell, Lon E; Crane, Douglas Todd

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

99

Thermoelectric power generator with intermediate loop  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric power generator is disclosed for use to generate electrical power from heat, typically waste heat. An intermediate heat transfer loop forms a part of the system to permit added control and adjustability in the system. This allows the thermoelectric power generator to more effectively and efficiently generate power in the face of dynamically varying temperatures and heat flux conditions, such as where the heat source is the exhaust of an automobile, or any other heat source with dynamic temperature and heat flux conditions.

Bel,; Lon E. (Altadena, CA); Crane, Douglas Todd (Pasadena, CA)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

100

Horizon entropy with loop quantum gravity methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the spherically symmetric isolated horizon can be described in terms of an SU(2) connection and a su(2) valued one form, obeying certain constraints. The horizon symplectic structure is precisely the one of 3d gravity in a first order formulation. We quantize the horizon degrees of freedom in the framework of loop quantum gravity, with methods recently developed for 3d gravity with non-vanishing cosmological constant. Bulk excitations ending on the horizon act very similar to particles in 3d gravity. The Bekenstein-Hawking law is recovered in the limit of imaginary Barbero-Immirzi parameter. Alternative methods of quantization are also discussed.

Daniele Pranzetti; Hanno Sahlmann

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fractal Structure of Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have calculated the spectral dimension of loop quantum gravity (LQG) using simple arguments coming from the area spectrum at different length scales. We have obtained that the spectral dimension of the spatial section runs from 2 to 3, across a 1.5 phase, when the energy of a probe scalar field decrees from high to low energy. We have calculated the spectral dimension of the space-time also using results from spin-foam models, obtaining a 2-dimensional effective manifold at hight energy. Our result is consistent with other two approach to non perturbative quantum gravity: causal dynamical triangulation and asymptotic safety quantum gravity.

Leonardo Modesto

2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

102

Sandia National Laboratories: PMTF Flow Loop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-Salt StorageNoLong RangePILS Sandia's Work withFlow Loop

103

Grafting Polymer Loops onto Functionalized Nanotubes: Monitoring Grafting and Loop Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polystyrene functionalized at both ends (telechelic polymer) with epoxide groups (epoxy PS epoxy) was reacted with carboxylated multiwall carbon nanotubes (COOH MWNT) in solution in order to graft polymer chains at both ends onto the MWNT surface, forming loops. FT-IR spectroscopy was employed to monitor the formation of aromatic esters and to quantify the amount of telechelic grafted to the nanotube surface as a function of reaction time. When the samples were further annealed in the melt, an increase in the aromatic ester peak was observed, indicating that the unreacted chain ends further grafted to MWNT surfaces to form loops. By reacting the grafted nanotube samples further with monocarboxy terminated poly(4-methylstyrene) (COOH P4MS), the amount of epoxy PS epoxy that had only reacted at one end was determined. Reaction rate analysis indicates that that the grafting of epoxy PS epoxy to the nanotube surface is reaction controlled, as the FT-IR spectroscopy signal grows as a function of approximately t0.3. These studies exemplify how FT-IR spectroscopy can be used as a novel technique to quantify the amount of grafted polymer, grafting rate, and percent of difunctional polymers that form loops, and provide a method to create loop covered nanoparticles.

Ashcraft, Earl C [ORNL; Ji, Haining [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Direct-contact closed-loop heat exchanger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature heat exchanger with a closed loop and a heat transfer liquid within the loop, the closed loop having a first horizontal channel with inlet and outlet means for providing direct contact of a first fluid at a first temperature with the heat transfer liquid, a second horizontal channel with inlet and outlet means for providing direct contact of a second fluid at a second temperature with the heat transfer liquid, and means for circulating the heat transfer liquid.

Berry, Gregory F. (Naperville, IL); Minkov, Vladimir (Skokie, IL); Petrick, Michael (Joliet, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A STATE VARIABLE DESCRIPTION OF THE RHIC RF CONTROL LOOPS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The beam transfer function changes during the RHIC ramp. The response of the RF control loops changes as a result. A state-variable description of the beam and the RF control loops was developed. This description was used to generate a set of feedback matrices that keeps the response of the RF control loops constant during the ramp. This paper describes the state-variable description and its use in determining the K matrices.

SCHULTHEISS,C.; BRENNAN,J.M.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

106

Exhaust Aftertreatment and Low Pressure Loop EGR Applied to an...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Loop EGR Applied to an Off-Highway Engine Project Director- Kirby Baumgard John Deere Power Systems DOE Project Officer- Steve Cooke Subcontract with Michigan Tech August 21...

107

Gas Test Loop Functional and Technical Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document defines the technical and functional requirements for a gas test loop (GTL) to be constructed for the purpose of providing a high intensity fast-flux irradiation environment for developers of advanced concept nuclear reactors. This capability is needed to meet fuels and materials testing requirements of the designers of Generation IV (GEN IV) reactors and other programs within the purview of the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). Space nuclear power development programs may also benefit by the services the GTL will offer. The overall GTL technical objective is to provide developers with the means for investigating and qualifying fuels and materials needed for advanced reactor concepts. The testing environment includes a fast-flux neutron spectrum of sufficient intensity to perform accelerated irradiation testing. Appropriate irradiation temperature, gaseous environment, test volume, diagnostics, and access and handling features are also needed. This document serves to identify those requirements as well as generic requirements applicable to any system of this kind.

Glen R. Longhurst; Soli T. Khericha; James L. Jones

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

ABJ Fractional Brane from ABJM Wilson Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new Fermi gas formalism for the ABJ matrix model. This formulation identifies the effect of the fractional M2-brane in the ABJ matrix model as that of a composite Wilson loop operator in the corresponding ABJM matrix model. Using this formalism, we study the phase part of the ABJ partition function numerically and find a simple expression for it. We further compute a few exact values of the partition function at some coupling constants. Fitting these exact values against the expected form of the grand potential, we can determine the grand potential with exact coefficients. The results at various coupling constants enable us to conjecture an explicit form of the grand potential for general coupling constants. The part of the conjectured grand potential from the perturbative sum, worldsheet instantons and bound states is regarded as a natural generalization of that in the ABJM matrix model, though the membrane instanton part contains a new contribution.

Sho Matsumoto; Sanefumi Moriyama

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

109

Open-loop heat-recovery dryer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A drying apparatus is disclosed that includes a drum and an open-loop airflow pathway originating at an ambient air inlet, passing through the drum, and terminating at an exhaust outlet. A passive heat exchanger is included for passively transferring heat from air flowing from the drum toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the ambient air inlet toward the drum. A heat pump is also included for actively transferring heat from air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the drum. A heating element is also included for further heating air flowing from the heat pump toward the drum.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward Evan

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

110

Pair Correlation Function of Wilson Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a path integral prescription for the pair correlation function of Wilson loops lying in the worldvolume of Dbranes in the bosonic open and closed string theory. The results can be applied both in ordinary flat spacetime in the critical dimension d or in the presence of a generic background for the Liouville field. We compute the potential between heavy nonrelativistic sources in an abelian gauge theory in relative collinear motion with velocity v = tanh(u), probing length scales down to r_min^2 = 2 \\pi \\alpha' u. We predict a universal -(d-2)/r static interaction at short distances. We show that the velocity dependent corrections to the short distance potential in the bosonic string take the form of an infinite power series in the dimensionless variables z = r_min^2/r^2, uz/\\pi, and u^2.

S. Chaudhuri; Y. Chen; E. Novak

2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

111

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research at the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility was successfully concluded in September 1979. In 13,000 hours of operation over a three and one half year period, the nominal 10 megawatt electrical equivalent GLEF provided the opportunity to identify problems in working with highly saline geothermal fluids and to develop solutions that could be applied to a commercial geothermal power plant producing electricity. A seven and one half year period beginning in April 1972, with early well flow testing and ending in September 1979, with the completion of extensive facility and reservoir operations is covered. During this period, the facility was designed, constructed and operated in several configurations. A comprehensive reference document, addressing or referencing documentation of all the key areas investigated is presented.

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Massive Nonplanar Two-Loop Maximal Unitarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore maximal unitarity for nonplanar two-loop integrals with up to four massive external legs. In this framework, the amplitude is reduced to a basis of master integrals whose coefficients are extracted from maximal cuts. The hepta-cut of the nonplanar double box defines a nodal algebraic curve associated with a multiply pinched genus-3 Riemann surface. All possible configurations of external masses are covered by two distinct topological pictures in which the curve decomposes into either six or eight Riemann spheres. The procedure relies on consistency equations based on vanishing of integrals of total derivatives and Levi-Civita contractions. Our analysis indicates that these constraints are governed by the global structure of the maximal cut. Lastly, we present an algorithm for computing generalized cuts of massive integrals with higher powers of propagators based on the Bezoutian matrix method.

Mads Sogaard; Yang Zhang

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

113

Jim Bailey | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJefferson LabJeffersonStandards andJianzhi Hu RecentJieying

114

Affine Nested Loop Programs and their Binary Parameterized Dataflow Graph Counterparts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affine Nested Loop Programs and their Binary Parameterized Dataflow Graph Counterparts Ed F Parameterized static affine nested loop programs can be automatically converted to input-output equivalent Kahn affine nested loop programs which are nested loop programs in which the loop boundaries, the conditions

Bhattacharyya, Shuvra S.

115

Tiling Imperfectly-nested Loop Nests Nawaaz Ahmed, Nikolay Mateev and Keshav Pingali,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tiling Imperfectly-nested Loop Nests Nawaaz Ahmed, Nikolay Mateev and Keshav Pingali, Department the effect of interleaving iterations of these loops. Tiling of perfectly-nested loop nests (which are loop nests in which all assignment statements are contained in the innermost loop) is well understood

Pingali, Keshav K.

116

Singlet Free Energies and Renormalized Polyakov Loop in full QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the free energy of a static quark anti-quark pair and the renormalized Polyakov loop in 2+1- and 3- flavor QCD using $16^3 \\times 4$ and $16^3 \\times 6$ lattices and improved staggered p4 action. We also compare the renormalized Polyakov loop with the results of our earlier studies.

K. Petrov

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

117

Charge Trapping in Carbon Nanotube Loops Demonstrated by Electrostatic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge Trapping in Carbon Nanotube Loops Demonstrated by Electrostatic Force Microscopy Thomas Sand ABSTRACT Electronic devices made from carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be greatly affected by substrate charges nanotube loops for extended periods of time, showing that nanotubes can act as confining barriers

Nygård, Jesper

118

Analysis of heat transfer in unlooped and looped pulsating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of heat transfer in unlooped and looped pulsating heat pipes M.B. Sha®i and A. Faghri of Mechnical Engineering, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, USA Keywords Heat transfer, Condensation, Tubing Abstract An advanced heat transfer model for both unlooped and looped Pulsating Heat Pipes (PHPs

Zhang, Yuwen

119

Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a transmission network from net generation nodes to net consumption nodes is governed by the Kirchoff Laws [45Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO Xinmin Hu Daniel Ralph to model markets for delivery of electrical power on looped transmission networks. It analyzes

Ferris, Michael C.

120

Exploring the Energy Landscapes of Flexible Molecular Loops using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Dynamical Systems and also applied to Robotics, provide efficient algorithms to trace out implicitly defined molecular loops. These tools produce an atlas composed by coordinated charts that parametrize the conformational space. The atlas captures the structure of this space, which determines the motion of the loop

Porta, Josep M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

IMPLEMENTING GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP AND GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPLEMENTING GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP AND GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGER MODELS IN THE ENERGYPLUS #12;ii IMPLEMENTING GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP AND GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGER MODELS IN THE ENERGYPLUS............................................................... 2 1.3. Overview of the Parameter Estimation Water-to-Water Heat Pump Model ........... 5 1

122

Robust Multi-loop Airborne SLAM in Unknown Wind Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Multi-loop Airborne SLAM in Unknown Wind Environments Jonghyuk Kim Department of Engineering for Autonomous Systems University of Sydney, Australia Email: salah@acfr.usyd.edu.au Abstract-- This paper presents a robust multi-loop airborne SLAM structure which also augments wind information. The air velocity

Kim, Jonghyuk "Jon"

123

The nested simple conformal loop ensembles in the Riemann sphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple conformal loop ensembles (CLE) are a class of random collection of simple non-intersecting loops that are of particular interest in the study of conformally invariant systems. Among other things related to these CLEs, we prove the invariance in distribution of their nested "full-plane" versions under the inversion $z \\mapsto 1/z$.

Antti Kemppainen; Wendelin Werner

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

124

Vortex loops: Are they always doomed to die  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effective equations of motion of relativistic strings in material media are derived and applied to moving rings with a time-dependent radius. The equations contain the Magnus force, due to the motion of the ring relative to the medium, whose eventual effect is the possible stabilization of the ring against shrinking. A constant solution is identified, and small fluctuations around it are bound, demonstrating the stability of the solution. If the string loops created in the cosmological cosmic string scenario interact via this mechanism with a formed-up Higgs particle condensate, then the stabilizing velocities are [similar to][delta][sub loop]/[ital R][sub loop], and the overall effect of this phenomenon is to stabilize large loops and reduce the general disappearance rate of the string loops.

Ben-Ya'acov, U. (International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry, Campus Plaine-CP231, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium))

1995-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Control and optimization system and method for chemical looping processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for optimizing a chemical loop system includes one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters in a chemical loop. The sensors are disposed on or in a conduit positioned in the chemical loop. The sensors generate one or more data signals representative of an amount of solids in the conduit. The control system includes a data acquisition system in communication with the sensors and a controller in communication with the data acquisition system. The data acquisition system receives the data signals and the controller generates the control signals. The controller is in communication with one or more valves positioned in the chemical loop. The valves are configured to regulate a flow of the solids through the chemical loop.

Lou, Xinsheng; Joshi, Abhinaya; Lei, Hao

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

126

Closed-loop control of anesthesia in children 1 Robust closed-loop control of induction and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: During closed-loop control, a drug infusion is continually adjusted according to a measure of clinical. Remifentanil was administered as a bolus (0.5 g/kg), followed by continuous infusion (0.03 g/kg/min). The propofol infusion was closed-loop controlled throughout induction and maintenance of anesthesia, using

127

Chemical Looping Combustion Reactions and Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is one promising fuel-combustion technology, which can facilitate economic CO{sub 2} capture in coal-fired power plants. It employs the oxidation/reduction characteristics of a metal, or oxygen carrier, and its oxide, the oxidizing gas (typically air) and the fuel source may be kept separate. This topical report discusses the results of four complementary efforts: (5.1) the development of process and economic models to optimize important design considerations, such as oxygen carrier circulation rate, temperature, residence time; (5.2) the development of high-performance simulation capabilities for fluidized beds and the collection, parameter identification, and preliminary verification/uncertainty quantification; (5.3) the exploration of operating characteristics in the laboratoryscale bubbling bed reactor, with a focus on the oxygen carrier performance, including reactivity, oxygen carrying capacity, attrition resistance, resistance to deactivation, cost and availability; and (5.4) the identification of kinetic data for copper-based oxygen carriers as well as the development and analysis of supported copper oxygen carrier material. Subtask 5.1 focused on the development of kinetic expressions for the Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling (CLOU) process and validating them with reported literature data. The kinetic expressions were incorporated into a process model for determination of reactor size and oxygen carrier circulation for the CLOU process using ASPEN PLUS. An ASPEN PLUS process model was also developed using literature data for the CLC process employing an iron-based oxygen carrier, and the results of the process model have been utilized to perform a relative economic comparison. In Subtask 5.2, the investigators studied the trade-off between modeling approaches and available simulations tools. They quantified uncertainty in the high-performance computing (HPC) simulation tools for CLC bed applications. Furthermore, they performed a sensitivity analysis for velocity, height and polydispersity and compared results against literature data for experimental studies of CLC beds with no reaction. Finally, they present an optimization space using simple non-reactive configurations. In Subtask 5.3, through a series of experimental studies, behavior of a variety of oxygen carriers with different loadings and manufacturing techniques was evaluated under both oxidizing and reducing conditions. The influences of temperature, degree of carrier conversion and thermodynamic driving force resulting from the difference between equilibrium and system O{sub 2} partial pressures were evaluated through several experimental campaigns, and generalized models accounting for these influences were developed to describe oxidation and oxygen release. Conversion of three solid fuels with widely ranging reactivities was studied in a small fluidized bed system, and all but the least reactive fuel (petcoke) were rapidly converted by oxygen liberated from the CLOU carrier. Attrition propensity of a variety of carriers was also studied, and the carriers produced by freeze granulation or impregnation of preformed substrates displayed the lowest rates of attrition. Subtask 5.4 focused on gathering kinetic data for a copper-based oxygen carrier to assist with modeling of a functioning chemical looping reactor. The kinetics team was also responsible for the development and analysis of supported copper oxygen carrier material.

Sarofim, Adel; Lighty, JoAnn; Smith, Philip; Whitty, Kevin; Eyring, Edward; Sahir, Asad; Alvarez, Milo; Hradisky, Michael; Clayton, Chris; Konya, Gabor; Baracki, Richard; Kelly, Kerry

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Boosted Fast Flux Loop Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Boosted Fast Flux Loop (BFFL) project was initiated to determine basic feasibility of designing, constructing, and installing in a host irradiation facility, an experimental vehicle that can replicate with reasonable fidelity the fast-flux test environment needed for fuels and materials irradiation testing for advanced reactor concepts. Originally called the Gas Test Loop (GTL) project, the activity included (1) determination of requirements that must be met for the GTL to be responsive to potential users, (2) a survey of nuclear facilities that may successfully host the GTL, (3) conceptualizing designs for hardware that can support the needed environments for neutron flux intensity and energy spectrum, atmosphere, flow, etc. needed by the experimenters, and (4) examining other aspects of such a system, such as waste generation and disposal, environmental concerns, needs for additional infrastructure, and requirements for interfacing with the host facility. A revised project plan included requesting an interim decision, termed CD-1A, that had objectives of' establishing the site for the project at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), deferring the CD 1 application, and authorizing a research program that would resolve the most pressing technical questions regarding GTL feasibility, including issues relating to the use of booster fuel in the ATR. Major research tasks were (1) hydraulic testing to establish flow conditions through the booster fuel, (2) mini-plate irradiation tests and post-irradiation examination to alleviate concerns over corrosion at the high heat fluxes planned, (3) development and demonstration of booster fuel fabrication techniques, and (4) a review of the impact of the GTL on the ATR safety basis. A revised cooling concept for the apparatus was conceptualized, which resulted in renaming the project to the BFFL. Before the subsequent CD-1 approval request could be made, a decision was made in April 2006 that further funding for the project would be suspended. Remaining funds have been used to prepare and irradiate mini-plates of the proposed booster fuel. The current baseline design is for a set of three test positions inside an in-pile tube with a thermal neutron absorber and heat sink made of aluminum mixed with hafnium. Operating the ATR at power levels needed to achieve the required fast flux will result in an estimated increase in ATR fuel consumption between 15 and 20% above present rates and a reduction in the time between fuel replacements. Preliminary safety analyses conducted have indicted safe operation of the ATR with the GTL under normal, abnormal, and postulated accident conditions. More comprehensive analyses are needed.

Boosted Fast Flux Loop Project Staff

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Instability of single-phase natural circulation under multiple loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural circulation loop passively conveys heat from heat sources to heat sinks without mechanical pump. Various plants have natural circulation systems, e.g., solar heaters, Light Water Reactor (LWR) and Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR). The core of LMFBR is cooled by forced convection of single-phase liquid sodium in normal operation. After the accident, the decay heat of the core is designed to be cooled by the natural circulation of the liquid sodium. The natural circulation cooling is very important from a viewpoint of passive safety concept. Here, the natural circulation in single loop system had been studied by many researchers. In a multiple loop system, the instability of natural circulation was more complicated because of the interaction between the loops. In this study, the effects of the multiple loop on the natural circulation instability were investigated numerically. The multiple loops system with one heating tube and two cooling tubes were evaluated. The one-dimensional energy and momentum equations were solved using Finite Difference Method. The flow regimes of the instability were evaluated with varying the heat flux. In multiple loop system, the observed flow was classified into five regimes including chaotic regime. The flow regimes were qualitatively explained by the stability of the attractor in the phase space.

Satoh, A.; Okamoto, K.; Madarame, H. [Univ. of Tokyo, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Nuclear Engineering Research Lab.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Chemical Looping Combustion Reactions and Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is one promising fuel-combustion technology, which can facilitate economic CO2 capture in coal-fired power plants. It employs the oxidation/reduction characteristics of a metal, or oxygen carrier, and its oxide, the oxidizing gas (typically air) and the fuel source may be kept separate. This work focused on two classes of oxygen carrier, one that merely undergoes a change in oxidation state, such as Fe3O4/Fe2O3 and one that is converted from its higher to its lower oxidation state by the release of oxygen on heating, i.e., CuO/Cu2O. This topical report discusses the results of four complementary efforts: (1) the development of process and economic models to optimize important design considerations, such as oxygen carrier circulation rate, temperature, residence time; (2) the development of high-performance simulation capabilities for fluidized beds and the collection, parameter identification, and preliminary verification/uncertainty quantification (3) the exploration of operating characteristics in the laboratory-scale bubbling bed reactor, with a focus on the oxygen carrier performance, including reactivity, oxygen carrying capacity, attrition resistance, resistance to deactivation, cost and availability (4) the identification of mechanisms and rates for the copper, cuprous oxide, and cupric oxide system using thermogravimetric analysis.

Sarofim, Adel; Lighty, JoAnn; Smith, Philip; Whitty, Kevin; Eyring, Edward; Sahir, Asad; Alvarez, Milo; Hradisky, Michael; Clayton, Chris; Konya, Gabor; Baracki, Richard; Kelly, Kerry

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

POSSIBLE PHASE LOOP FOR THE GLOBAL DECOUPLING.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two eigentunes Q{sub I} and Q{sub II}, two eigenmode amplitude ratios R{sub I} and R{sub II}, and two eignmode phase differences {Delta}{phi}{sub I} and {Delta}{phi}{sub II}, are defined as the coupling observables for the linear weak difference betatron coupling. Simulations were carried out to investigate their behaviors in global decoupling scans. It was found that the amplitude ratios R{sub I,II} are more sensitive than the tune split when the decoupling scan is approaching the global uncoupled point, and that the phase differences {Delta}{phi}{sub I,II} tell the right global decoupling direction, the right strength combination of the skew quadrupoles or families. The analytical solution to these six coupling observables is calculated through both the strict matrix approach and the perturbation Hamiltonian approach. The constant phase differences in the right decoupling direction hint a possible global decoupling phase loop. Dedicated beam experiments were carried out at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The preliminary results from the beam experiments are presented. These six parameters can be used for the global decoupling in feed-back mode, especially on the non-stop energy ramp.

LUO, Y.; CAMERON, P.; DELLA PENNA, A.; JONES, R.; ET AL.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Laser photon statistics in the feedback loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mere correspondence between the electron statistics and the photon one vanishes in the feedback loop (FBL). It means that the direct photodetection, supplying us with the electron statistics, does not provide us with a wished information about the laser photon statistics. For getting this information we should think up another measurement procedure, and we in the article suggest applying the three-level laser as a auxiliary measuring device. This laser has impressive property, namely, its photon statistics survive information about the initial photon statistics of the laser which excites coherently the three-level medium. Thus, if we choose the laser in the FBL as exciting the three-level laser, then we have an possibility to evaluate its initial photon statistics by means of direct detecting the three-level laser emission. Finally, this approach allows us to conclude the feedback is not capable of creating a regularity in the laser light beam. Contrary, the final photon fluctuations turn out to be always even bigger. The mentioned above feature of the three-level laser takes place only for the strong interaction between the lasers (exciting and excited). It means the initial state of the exciting laser is changed dramatically, so our measurement procedure can not be identified with some non-demolition one.

T. Yu. Golubeva; Yu. M. Golubev

2005-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

133

Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit SolventUsingRepli...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit Solvent UsingReplica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit Solvent...

134

On the black hole singularity issue in loop quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a brief overview on the issue of singularity resolution in loop quantum gravity presented at the Theory Canada IV conference at the Centre de Recherches Math\\'{e}matiques at the Universit\\'{e} de Montr\\'{e}al (June 4-7, 2008). The intended audience is theoretical physicists who are non-specialist in the field and therefore much of the technical detail is omitted here. Instead, a brief review of loop quantum gravity is presented, followed by a survey of previous and current work on results concerning the resolution of the classical black hole singularity within loop quantum gravity.

A. DeBenedictis

2009-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

135

Experimental characterization and chemical kinetics study of chemical looping combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is one of the most promising technologies to achieve carbon capture in fossil fuel power generation plants. A novel rotary-bed reactor concept was proposed by Zhao et. al. [1] in 2013. It ...

Chen, Tianjiao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

active region loop: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Loops J.-Y. Lee1,2 , Graham that seems to be associated with separators with a smaller free energy. Subject headings: Sun: corona -- Sun: magnetic topology -- Sun: UV radiation...

137

active region loops: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Loops J.-Y. Lee1,2 , Graham that seems to be associated with separators with a smaller free energy. Subject headings: Sun: corona -- Sun: magnetic topology -- Sun: UV radiation...

138

Investigations of tetraspanin functions using large extracellular loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes our characterization of a specific tetraspanin domain: the large extracellular loop (LEL). Tetraspanins are involved in cellular migration, adhesion, and metastasis, sperm-egg fusion, and viral ...

Liu, Christopher C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

How are Feynman graphs resumed by the Loop Vertex Expansion?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this short letter is to clarify which set of pieces of Feynman graphs are resummed in a Loop Vertex Expansion, and to formulate a conjecture on the $\\phi^4$ theory in non-integer dimension.

Vincent Rivasseau; Zhituo Wang

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

140

High Spatial Resolution Observations of Loops in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determining how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in July 2012. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) data for a subset of 79 of these loops and find that their temperature distributions are narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of proposed physical mechanisms.

Brooks, David H; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio; Winebarger, Amy R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF LOOPS IN THE SOLAR CORONA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determine how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200 km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in 2012 July. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270 km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly data for a subset of these loops and find temperature distributions that are generally very narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are often structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of many proposed physical mechanisms.

Brooks, David H.; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Warren, Harry P. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Entropy and Area of Black Holes in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple arguments related to the entropy of black holes strongly constrain the spectrum of the area operator for a Schwarzschild black hole in loop quantum gravity. In particular, this spectrum is fixed completely by the assumption that the black hole entropy is maximum. Within the approach discussed, one arrives in loop quantum gravity at a quantization rule with integer quantum numbers $n$ for the entropy and area of a black hole.

I. B. Khriplovich

2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

An evaluation of inductance loop detectors for speed measurement accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EVALUATION OF INDUCTANCE LOOP DETECTORS FOR SPEED MEASUREMENT ACCURACY A Thesis by BRIAN PATRICK CRONIN Submitted to the OfBce of Graduate Studies of Texas AJkM University in partial fulSllment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1994 Major Subject: Civil Engineering AN EVALUATION OF INDUCTANCE LOOP DETECTORS FOR SPEED MEASUREMENT ACCURACY A Thesis by BRIAN PATRICK CRONIN Submitted to Texas ~M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Cronin, Brian Patrick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

144

A study of the augmented Lagrangian method for open loop and closed loop constrained multibody dynamic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary objective of this thesis is to study the augmented Lagrangian method for open and closed loop constrained multibody dynamic systems. Much research has been carried out for the performance of the augmented Lagrangian formulation for open...

Webb, Glenn Viktor

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

Theory and Algorithms for Software Pipelining with Minimal Cost on Nested Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory and Algorithms for Software Pipelining with Minimal Cost on Nested Loops Qingfeng Zhuge. However, little research has been done for the software pipelining problem on nested loops. The existing software pipelining techniques for single loops can only explore the innermost loop parallelism of a nested

Sha, Edwin

146

Operational Results of a Closed Brayton Cycle Test-Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of space and terrestrial power system designs plan to use nuclear reactors that are coupled to Closed-loop Brayton Cycle (CBC) systems to generate electrical power. Because very little experience exists regarding the operational behavior of these systems, Sandia National Laboratories (through its Laboratory Directed Research and Development program) is developing a closed-loop test bed that can be used to determine the operational behavior of these systems and to validate models for these systems. Sandia has contracted Barber-Nichols Corporation to design, fabricate, and assemble a Closed-loop Brayton Cycle (CBC) system. This system was developed by modifying commercially available hardware. It uses a 30 kWe Capstone C-30 gas-turbine unit (www.capstoneturbine.com) with a modified housing that permits the attachment of an electrical heater and a water cooled chiller that are connected to the turbo-machinery in a closed loop. The test-loop reuses the Capstone turbine, compressor, and alternator. The Capstone system's nominal operating point is 1150 K turbine inlet temperature at 96,000 rpm. The annular recuperator and portions of the Capstone control system (inverter) and starter system are also reused. The rotational speed of the turbo-machinery is controlled either by adjusting the alternator load by either using the electrical grid or a separate load bank. This report describes the test-loop hardware SBL-30 (Sandia Brayton Loop-30kWe). Also presented are results of early testing and modeling of the unit. The SBL-30 hardware is currently configured with a heater that is limited to 80 kWth with a maximum outlet temperature of {approx}1000 K.

Wright, Steven A.; Lipinski, Ronald J.; Brown, Nicholas [Sandia National Laboratories, Org 6872 MS-1146, PO Box 5800 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Fuller, Robert; Nichols, Kenneth [Barber Nichols 6325 W 55th Ave., Arvada, Colorado 80002 (United States)

2005-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

147

Operational results of a Closed Brayton Cycle test-loop.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of space and terrestrial power system designs plan to use nuclear reactors that are coupled to Closed-loop Brayton Cycle (CBC) systems to generate electrical power. Because very little experience exists regarding the operational behavior of these systems, Sandia National Laboratories (through its Laboratory Directed Research and Development program) is developing a closed-loop test bed that can be used to determine the operational behavior of these systems and to validate models for these systems. Sandia has contracted Barber-Nichols Corporation to design, fabricate, and assemble a Closed-loop Brayton Cycle (CBC) system. This system was developed by modifying commercially available hardware. It uses a 30 kWe Capstone C-30 gas-turbine unit (www.capstoneturbine.com) with a modified housing that permits the attachment of an electrical heater and a water cooled chiller that are connected to the turbo-machinery in a closed loop. The test-loop reuses the Capstone turbine, compressor, and alternator. The Capstone system's nominal operating point is 1150 K turbine inlet temperature at 96,000 rpm. The annular recuperator and portions of the Capstone control system (inverter) and starter system are also reused. The rotational speed of the turbo-machinery is controlled either by adjusting the alternator load by either using the electrical grid or a separate load bank. This report describes the test-loop hardware SBL-30 (Sandia Brayton Loop-30kWe). Also presented are results of early testing and modeling of the unit. The SBL-30 hardware is currently configured with a heater that is limited to 80 kW{sub th} with a maximum outlet temperature of {approx}1000 K.

Fuller, Robert (Barber Nichols, Arvada, Colorado); Wright, Steven Alan; Nichols, Kenneth Graham. (Barber Nichols, Arvada, Colorado); Brown, Nicholas; Lipinski, Ronald J.

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Profiles of heating in turbulent coronal magnetic loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context: The location of coronal heating in magnetic loops has been the subject of a long-lasting controversy: does it occur mostly at the loop footpoints, at the top, is it random, or is the average profile uniform? Aims: We try to address this question in model loops with MHD turbulence and a profile of density and/or magnetic field along the loop. Methods: We use the ShellAtm MHD turbulent heating model described in Buchlin & Velli (2006), with a static mass density stratification obtained by the HydRad model (Bradshaw & Mason 2003). This assumes the absence of any flow or heat conduction subsequent to the dynamic heating. Results: The average profile of heating is quasi-uniform, unless there is an expansion of the flux tube (non-uniform axial magnetic field) or the variation of the kinetic and magnetic diffusion coefficients with temperature is taken into account: in the first case the heating is enhanced at footpoints, whereas in the second case it is enhanced where the dominant diffusion coefficient is enhanced. Conclusions: These simulations shed light on the consequences on heating profiles of the complex interactions between physical effects involved in a non-uniform turbulent coronal loop.

E. Buchlin; P. J. Cargill; S. J. Bradshaw; M. Velli

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

149

SLOW MAGNETOSONIC WAVES AND FAST FLOWS IN ACTIVE REGION LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent extreme ultraviolet spectroscopic observations indicate that slow magnetosonic waves are present in active region (AR) loops. Some of the spectral data were also interpreted as evidence of fast ({approx}100-300 km s{sup -1}) quasi-periodic flows. We have performed three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (3D MHD) modeling of a bipolar AR that contains impulsively generated waves and flows in coronal loops. The model AR is initiated with a dipole magnetic field and gravitationally stratified density, with an upflow-driven steadily or periodically in localized regions at the footpoints of magnetic loops. The resulting flows along the magnetic field lines of the AR produce higher density loops compared to the surrounding plasma by injection of material into the flux tubes and the establishment of siphon flow. We find that the impulsive onset of flows with subsonic speeds result in the excitation of damped slow magnetosonic waves that propagate along the loops and coupled nonlinearly driven fast-mode waves. The phase speed of the slow magnetosonic waves is close to the coronal sound speed. When the amplitude of the driving pulses is increased we find that slow shock-like wave trains are produced. When the upflows are driven periodically, undamped oscillations are produced with periods determined by the periodicity of the upflows. Based on the results of the 3D MHD model we suggest that the observed slow magnetosonic waves and persistent upflows may be produced by the same impulsive events at the bases of ARs.

Ofman, L.; Wang, T. J. [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Davila, J. M. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

From Loops to Trees By-passing Feynman's Theorem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derive a duality relation between one-loop integrals and phase-space integrals emerging from them through single cuts. The duality relation is realized by a modification of the customary + i0 prescription of the Feynman propagators. The new prescription regularizing the propagators, which we write in a Lorentz covariant form, compensates for the absence of multiple cut contributions that appear in the Feynman Tree Theorem. The duality relation can be applied to generic one-loop quantities in any relativistic, local and unitary field theories. It is suitable for applications to the analytical calculation of one-loop scattering amplitudes, and to the numerical evaluation of cross-sections at next-to-leading order.

Catani, Stefano; Gleisberg, Tanju; Krauss, Frank; Rodrigo, German; Winter, Jan-Christopher

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

151

Closed loop drilling systems can eliminate reserve pit costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Closed loop systems have become more dependable and efficient, making drilling without a mud pit an economically attractive alternative in many drilling programs. A closed loop system is defined simply as a mechanical and chemical system which will allow an operator to drill a well without using a reserve pit. A closed loop system includes some solids control equipment (such as the shaker, desander, desilter, and proper centrifuge), which may already be on the rig, and a polymer flocculation unit, which is not part of a conventional rig`s solids control system. This paper reviews the various methods of flocculation and the performance of the different units. It then goes on to describe costs and regulations associated with both methods of handling drilling wastes.

Astrella, L.; Wiemers, R. [Environmental Equipment Corp., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

152

Hamiltonian traffic dynamics in microfluidic-loop networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent microfluidic experiments revealed that large particles advected in a fluidic loop display long-range hydrodynamic interactions. However, the consequences of such couplings on the traffic dynamics in more complex networks remain poorly understood. In this letter, we focus on the transport of a finite number of particles in one-dimensional loop networks. By combining numerical, theoretical, and experimental efforts, we evidence that this collective process offers a unique example of Hamiltonian dynamics for hydrodynamically interacting particles. In addition, we show that the asymptotic trajectories are necessarily reciprocal despite the microscopic traffic rules explicitly break the time reversal symmetry. We exploit these two remarkable properties to account for the salient features of the effective three-particle interaction induced by the exploration of fluidic loops.

Raphal Jeanneret; Julien Piera-Vest; Denis Bartolo

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Novel Strange Attractor with a Stretched Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper introduces a new 3D strange attractor topologically different from any other known chaotic attractors. The intentionally constructed model of three autonomous first-order differential equations derives from the coupling-induced complexity of the well-known Lotka-Volterra oscillator. The chaotic attractor exhibiting a double scroll bridged by a loop mutates to a single scroll with a very stretched loop by the variation of one parameter. Analysis of the global behavior of the new low dimensional dissipative dynamical model and its range of periodic and a-periodic oscillations are presented.

Safieddine Bouali

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

154

From Classical To Quantum Gravity: Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an introduction to the canonical quantization of gravity performed in loop quantum gravity, based on lectures held at the 3rd quantum geometry and quantum gravity school in Zakopane in 2011. A special feature of this introduction is the inclusion of new proposals for coupling matter to gravity that can be used to deparametrize the theory, thus making its dynamics more tractable. The classical and quantum aspects of these new proposals are explained alongside the standard quantization of vacuum general relativity in loop quantum gravity.

Kristina Giesel; Hanno Sahlmann

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

155

Estimating two-loop radiative effects in the MOLLER experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within the on-shell renormalization scheme, two-loop electroweak corrections to the parityviolating polarization asymmetry in the reaction e{sup -}e{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}e{sup -}({gamma}, {gamma}{gamma}) were estimated for the MOLLER experiment at JLab. The infrared divergence and the imaginary part of the amplitude were taken completely under control. Relevant compact expressions obtained by using asymptotic methods are free from unphysical parameters and are convenient for analysis and for numerical estimations. A numerical analysis revealed a significant scale of two-loop effects and the need for taking them into account in the MOLLER experiment.

Aleksejevs, A. G., E-mail: aaleksejevs@swgc.mun.ca [Grenfell Campus Memorial University (Canada); Barkanova, S. G., E-mail: svetlana.barkanova@acadiau.ca [Acadia University (Canada); Zykunov, V. A., E-mail: vladimir.zykunov@cern.ch [Belarussian State University of Transport (Belarus); Kuraev, E. A., E-mail: kuraev@theor.jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Abnormal operating procedures for ATR (Advanced Test Reactor's) experiment loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines the background from the TMI accident which resulted in the definition and development of function-oriented procedures. It also explains how function-oriented procedures were applied in a task for the Advanced Test Reactor's (ATR) NR experiment loops. Human performance design discrepancies were identified for existing procedures, and were corrected by upgrading them according to current NRC and DOE standards. Finally, specific recommendations are made with respect to future ATR control room and loop improvements, as they relate to the revision of operating procedures within INEL's power reactor program. 8 refs., 4 figs.

Auflick, J.L.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Vadose Zone Monitoring System Installation Report for McClellan AFB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chloro- Toluene benzene Ethyl- PCE Xylene 1.3.5- 1.2,4- 1.3-Chloro- Toluene benzene Ethyl- PCE Xylene 1.3.5- 1.2,4- 1.3-Chlorobenzene Toluene PCE A Xylene 1.2,4-THB 1.3-

Zawislanski, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

LOCA with consequential or delayed LOOP accidents: Unique issues, plant vulnerability, and CDF contributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) can cause a loss-of-offsite power (LOOP) wherein the LOOP is usually delayed by few seconds or longer. Such an accident is called LOCA with consequential LOOP, or LOCA with delayed LOOP (here, abbreviated as LOCA/LOOP). This paper analyzes the unique conditions that are associated with a LOCA/LOOP, presents a model, and quantifies its contribution to core damage frequency (CDF). The results show that the CDF contribution can be a dominant contributor to risk for certain plant designs, although boiling water reactors (BWRs) are less vulnerable than pressurized water reactors (PWRs).

Martinez-Guridi, G.; Samanta, P.; Chu, L.; Yang, J.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Convenient Fitness Routes for the SU Community North Campus Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Archbold-Flanagan entrance, take Sims Drive to Euclid Ave. to the Lancaster Ave. or Westcott St. intersections and back. Distances: 1.18 miles to Lancaster and back; 1.80 miles to Westcott St. and back. to Barry Park, loop Barry Park (using Meadowbrook Dr., Broad St., and Westcott St.) and then head back

Mather, Patrick T.

160

On Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The benchmarks are executed on the Wattch power simulator. In comparison to the original (powerOn Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops # Hongbo Yang Dept of ECE Univ@capsl.udel.edu ABSTRACT While a significant body of work in compilers has been de­ voted to reducing energy consumption

Gao, Guang R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal amplification sequencing and analytical techniques, genomic sequence data of prok- aryotes are accumulating at a very rapid pace. As of October 2008, there are 873 complete and pub- lished genome sequences, as well as 2025

Hsiang, Tom

162

A PROJECT MANAGEMENT CAUSAL LOOP DIAGRAM T. Michael Toole1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PROJECT MANAGEMENT CAUSAL LOOP DIAGRAM T. Michael Toole1 Accepted for the 2005 ARCOM Conference several deficiencies in current project management analytical techniques. This paper facilitates the integration of system dynamics into project management by providing an overview of system dynamics principles

Toole, T. Michael

163

A multi-band phase-locked loop frequency synthesizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phase-locked loop (PLL) frequency synthesizer suitable for multi-band transceivers is proposed. The multi-band PLL frequency synthesizer uses a switched tuning voltage- controlled oscillator (VCO) that covers a frequency range of 111 to 297MHz...

Palermo, Samuel Michael

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ultra LowVoltage Delay Locked Loop Using Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultra LowVoltage Delay Locked Loop Using Carbon Nanotubes J.S. Ajit Northeastern University Dept, MA 02115 E-mail: ybk@ece.neu.edu AbstractCarbon Nanotube FET technology is investigated for both the shrinking process to continue, and for the development of novel architectures, is the carbon

Ayers, Joseph

165

STRING LOOPS IN BACKGROUND FIELDS Scott Alan Yost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

excellent collaborators. They have made my stay at Princeton very productive and enjoyable. I thank E. LiebSTRING LOOPS IN BACKGROUND FIELDS Scott Alan Yost A dissertation presented to the faculty formalism. ii #12;Acknowledgements I would like to thank my advisor, Chiara Nappi, for her support, advice

Yost, Scott

166

A Loop Material Flow System Design for Automated Guided Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Loop Material Flow System Design for Automated Guided Vehicles Ardavan Asef-Vaziri 1 Maged load automated guided vehicles. The model simultaneously determines both the design are attributed to material handling (Tompkins et al., 1996). Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) are among

Dessouky, Maged

167

Closed-Loop Energy Management Control of Large Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A case study is presented of a closed-loop control system installed and running at a Pulp and Paper facility in the southeast. A fuzzy logic, ruled-based control system optimally loads multiple steam turbines for maximum electrical generation, while...

Childress, R. L.

168

MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS By CENK SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS Thesis Approved: ___________________________________________ Thesis Adviser scale test data. The short-term behavior of ground-coupled heat pump systems is important for the design

169

Automation of Multi-leg One-loop virtual Amplitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the last few years, much progress has been made in the computation of one-loop virtual matrix elements for processes involving many external particles. In this contribution the methods that have enabled this recent progress are briefly reviewed with a focus on their computing and automation aspects.

D. Maitre

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

170

Optimization of Industrial Applications with Hardware in the Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots & Systems (2006)" #12;1 Optimization of Industrial ApplicationsOptimization of Industrial Applications with Hardware in the Loop Matthieu Guilbert St of industrial robots integrated in complex robot cells. Trajectory optimizers are usually based on models

Boyer, Edmond

171

A new closed loop control method for HVDC transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents a new closed loop control method which uses information locally available at each converter station and combines and coordinates control possibilities with the objective of improving the dynamic behavior during fault recoveries and disturbances around the operating points.

Karlecik-Maier, F. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany)] [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Polyakov loop, Hadron Resonance Gas Model and Thermodynamics of QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize recent results on the hadron resonance gas description of QCD. In particular, we apply this approach to describe the equation of state and the vacuum expectation value of the Polyakov loop in several representations. Ambiguities related to exactly which states should be included are discussed.

E. Megias; E. Ruiz Arriola; L. L. Salcedo

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

173

Magnetic phase diagram of small superconducting two-loop networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The critical magnetic behaviour of simple superconducting micro-networks is illustrat- ed by discussing several properties of super- conducting micro-networks [1-3], see also [4]. This theoretical activity has beenL-277 Magnetic phase diagram of small superconducting two-loop networks J. Riess Centre de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COOLING PLASMA IN QUIESCENT ACTIVE REGION LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present work, we use SOHO/SUMER, SOHO/UVCS, SOHO/EIT, SOHO/LASCO, STEREO/EUVI, and Hinode/EIS coordinated observations of an active region (AR 10989) at the west limb taken on 2008 April 8 to study the cooling of coronal loops. The cooling plasma is identified using the intensities of SUMER spectral lines emitted at temperatures in the 4.15 {<=} log T {<=} 5.45 range. EIS and SUMER spectral observations are used to measure the physical properties of the loops. We found that before cooling took place these loops were filled with coronal hole-like plasma, with temperatures in the 5.6 {<=} log T {<=} 5.9 range. SUMER spectra also allowed us to determine the plasma temperature, density, emission measure, element abundances, and dynamic status during the cooling process. The ability of EUVI to observe the emitting region from a different direction allowed us to measure the volume of the emitting region and estimate its emission measure. Comparison with values measured from line intensities provided us with an estimate of the filling factor. UVCS observations of the coronal emission above the active region showed no streamer structure associated with AR 10989 at position angles between 242{sup 0}and 253.{sup 0} EIT, LASCO, and EUVI-A narrowband images and UVCS spectral observations were used to discriminate between different scenarios and monitor the behavior of the active region in time. The present study provides the first detailed measurements of the physical properties of cooling loops, a very important benchmark for theoretical models of loop cooling and condensation.

Landi, E. [Artep, Inc. at Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave. S.W., 20375-5320, Washington DC (United States); Miralles, M. P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-50, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Curdt, W. [Max Planck Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max Planck Strasse 2, Katlenburg-Lindau 37191 (Germany); Hara, H. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

175

Lab 3: Fading Lab This lab introduces for loops and while loops through control of LEDs, piezo buzzers, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the same actions with the two loops. Materials 1) Arduino Uno 2) MakeBlock Shield 3) 1 ? LED 4) 1 ? 220 on top of the Arduino. This device provides simple phone cord connections (RJ25) between ports SOURCE BEFORE CHECKING WITH TAs). Supplying too much power and wrong connections can damage the Arduino

Wedeward, Kevin

176

A Simple and Quick Chilled Water Loop Balancing for Variable Flow System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For many modem buildings, the chilled water loops and risers are equipped with variable speed pumping systems. How to quickly balance the loop or riser to satisfy the cooling requirement and reduce energy consumption is a very interesting topic...

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

SU(2) Lattice Gauge Theory- Local Dynamics on Non-intersecting Electric flux Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use Schwinger Bosons as prepotentials for lattice gauge theory to de?ne local linking oper- ators and calculate their action on linking states for 2 + 1 dimensional SU(2) lattice gauge theory. We develop a diagrammatic technique and associate a set of (lattice Feynman) rules to compute the entire loop dynamics diagrammatically. The physical loop space is shown to contain only non- intersecting loop con?gurations after solving the Mandelstam constraint. The smallest plaquette loops are contained in the physical loop space and other con?gurations are generated by the action of a set of fusion operators on this basic loop states enabling one to charaterize any arbitrary loop by the basic plaquette together with the fusion variables. Consequently, the full Kogut-Susskind Hamiltonian and the dynamics of all possible non-intersecting physical loops are formulated in terms of these fusion variables.

Ramesh Anishetty; Indrakshi Raychowdhury

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

178

Extreme ultra-violet emission from coronal loop structures. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculate the XUV line and broad-band emission from a model active-region loop. The spectrum is found to be sensitive to both the coronal heating rate and to the loop geometry.

Tucker, W.H.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Possible Regulatory Role for the Histidine-Rich Loop in the Zinc...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regulatory Role for the Histidine-Rich Loop in the Zinc Transport Protein, ZnuA. Possible Regulatory Role for the Histidine-Rich Loop in the Zinc Transport Protein, ZnuA. Abstract:...

180

Development of a Water Loop Simulation at the Texas A&M University Main Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A computer simulation model is an economic and convenient tool to perform analysis of chilled water loop. The primary objective of this paper is developing procedure for simulating and optimizing chilled water loop with computer simulation model. A...

Xue, H.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

P a g e | 1 Why can wind delay the shedding of Loop Current eddies?1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a g e | 4 intrudes northward into the Gulf along the Campeche Bank's eastern shelfbreak, and loops44

182

RELAP-7: Demonstrating the integration of two-phase flow components for an ideal BWR loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is DOE Level 3 milestone report documenting RELAP-7's capability to simulate an ideal BWR loop.

Hongbin Zhang; Haihua Zhao; Ling Zou; David Andrs; John Peterson; Ray Berry; Richard Martineua

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

What is stopping Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage from closing the carbon loop?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is stopping Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage from closing the carbon loop? The social not work to close the loop, but simply maintain the amount of carbon consumed and emitted. Direct Air these sectors, direct air capture could provide a route for closing the carbon loop in the transportation sector

184

An inverse correlation between loop length and stability in a four-helix-bundle protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their intrinsic func- tionality upon their new environmental context: the calcium-binding activity of a loop has the molten globule behavior of apo- - lactalbumin in the absence of calcium [18]. Conversely, loops have beenAn inverse correlation between loop length and stability in a four-helix-bundle protein Athena D

Mochrie, Simon

185

Host Range and Variability of Calcium Binding by Surface Loops in the Capsids of Canine and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host Range and Variability of Calcium Binding by Surface Loops in the Capsids of Canine and Feline, consisting of residues 359 to 375 of the capsid protein. This loop binds a divalent calcium ion in FPV and in the presence or absence of Ca2 . The largest structural difference was found to occur in a ¯exible surface loop

Rossmann, Michael G.

186

Comprehensive computational model of single-and dual-loop optoelectronic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive computational model of single- and dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators describe a comprehensive computational model for single- loop and dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators amplifiers and oscillators; (230.0250) Optoelectronics; (230.4910) Oscillators. References and links 1. X. S

Horowitz, Moshe

187

Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ERCAN ATAM, LIONEL MATHELIN, LAURENT CORDIER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ERCAN ATAM, LIONEL MATHELIN, LAURENT CORDIER *CNRS- Mathelin-Cordier (LIMSI-CNRS,IP') Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ECCOMAS'12 1 / 21 #12;Outline 1 and some future work Atam- Mathelin-Cordier (LIMSI-CNRS,IP') Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ECCOMAS'12

Mathelin, Lionel

188

Effective SU(2) Polyakov Loop Theories with Heavy Quarks on the Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare SU(2) Polyakov loop models with different effective actions with data from full two-color QCD simulations around and above the critical temperature. We then apply the effective theories at finite temperature and density to extract quantities like Polyakov loop correlators, effective Polyakov loop potentials and baryon density.

Philipp Scior; David Scheffler; Dominik Smith; Lorenz von Smekal

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

189

The Distribution of Loop Lengths in Graphical Models for Turbo Decoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Distribution of Loop Lengths in Graphical Models for Turbo Decoding Xianping Ge, David model for a K = 6, N = 12, rate 1=2 turbo code. Abstract| This paper analyzes the distribution of loop lengths in graphical models for turbo decoding. The prop- erties of such loops are of signi#12;cant

Smyth, Padhraic

190

Capture of vacancies by extrinsic dislocation loops in silicon S. B. Herner,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capture of vacancies by extrinsic dislocation loops in silicon S. B. Herner,a) H.-J. Gossmann, F. H of vacancies in Si by a band of extrinsic dislocation loops has been observed in Sb doping superlattices of vacancies, which enhances the diffusion of Sb spikes located between the surface and loop band

Florida, University of

191

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini Department vacancy clusters with smaller and smaller energy. Further, the results show that a seven vacancy cluster that vacancy clustering leads to prismatic loop, and that these loops can be stable at extremely small sizes

Bhattacharya, Kaushik

192

Synthesizing Transformations for Locality Enhancement of Imperfectly-nested Loop Nests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesizing Transformations for Locality Enhancement of Imperfectly-nested Loop Nests Nawaaz Ahmed in imperfectly-nested loops. The key idea is to em- bed the iteration space of every statement in a loop nest into a spe- cial iteration space called the product space. The product space can be viewed as a perfectly-nested

Pingali, Keshav K.

193

On Resumming Inflationary Perturbations beyond One-loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well known that the correlation functions of a scalar field in a quasi-de Sitter space exhibit at the loop level cumulative infra-red effects proportional to the total number of e-foldings of inflation. Using the in-in formalism, we explore the behavior of these infra-red effects in the large N limit of an O(N) invariant scalar field theory with quartic self-interactions. By resumming all higher-order loop diagrams non-perturbatively, we show that the connected four-point correlation function, which is a signal of non-Gaussianity, is non-perturbatively enhanced with respect to its tree-level value.

Antonio Riotto; Martin S. Sloth

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

194

On the Blue Loops of Intermediate-Mass Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the blue loops in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram that occur when intermediate-mass stars begin core helium burning. It has long been known that the excess of helium above the burning shell, the result of the contraction of the convective core during core hydrogen burning, has the effect of making such stars redder and larger than they would be otherwise. The outward motion of the burning shell in mass removes this excess and triggers the loop. Hitherto nobody has attempted to demonstrate why the excess helium has this effect. We consider the effect of the local opacity, which is reduced by excess helium, the shell fuel supply, which is also reduced, and the local mean molecular weight, which is increased. We demonstrate that the mean molecular weight is the decisive reddening factor. The opacity has a much smaller effect and a reduced fuel supply actually favours blueward motion.

Walmswell, J J; Eldridge, J J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Renormalization and black hole entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microscopic state counting for a black hole in Loop Quantum Gravity yields a result proportional to horizon area, and inversely proportional to Newton's constant and the Immirzi parameter. It is argued here that before this result can be compared to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a macroscopic black hole, the scale dependence of both Newton's constant and the area must be accounted for. The two entropies could then agree for any value of the Immirzi parameter, if a certain renormalization property holds.

Ted Jacobson

2007-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

196

"Closed-loop" analysis of a thermo-charged capacitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Letter, an explicit application of conservation of energy and zero net work principle around a closed path ("closed-loop" analysis) is carried out on a thermo-charged capacitor at equilibrium with ambient heat at uniform temperature. This analysis corroborates the results of previous studies [Phys.Lett.A 374 (2010) 1801, Physica A 390 (2011) 481] that a potential drop $\\Delta V$ does actually occur at capacitor terminals.

Germano D'Abramo

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

197

Single-loop controllers bring boilers in line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The boiler process seems simple. Some type of fuel is burned in the presence of air, forming heat and combustion gases. The heat is then absorbed by the boiler drum and transferred to the water inside. The heated water changes to steam and is exhausted, which spins an electrical turbine that produces electricity, and exhausts lower pressure steam for condensing in the process. Although this process seems simple, anything could go wrong at any time. The flame could go out, the fuel could run low, or the drum could get dirty. Let`s take a look at how to avoid these problems. The first step is to take accurate measurements. Typically, these measurements include flow, pressure, conductivity, temperature, stack analysis, and a level or two. Ambient conditions can affect performance of each measuring device, so be sure to consider the hot, drafty conditions of boiler houses when selecting/installing devices. The second step is to bring the measurement signals back to the control room. Use two-wire, loop-powered devices to transmit all signals except the stack analysis signals. Two-wire, loop-powered technology increases reliability, lowers installation costs, and eliminates ground loops. Signal conditioning takes place at the microcontroller input points. Signal conditioning is done to provide a linear, overall loop response to the controller. It also simplified measurement. Examining four types of input signal characterization will help explain the signal conditioning process. The first signal is a zero-based pressure signal with a linear characteristic. The second is a temperature measurement made by a thermocouple whose output is nonlinear. Next is a flow measurement made with a conventional d/p cell and orifice plate. It needs a square root characterization. Last is a combustion air flow measurement from the pressure drop across part of the boiler or preheater. This flow measurement is quite tricky because of a large deviation from the simple square root relationship.

Harrelson, D.; Piechota, B.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Higher rank Wilson loops from a matrix model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the circular Wilson loop of N=4 SYM theory at large N in the rank k symmetric and antisymmetric tensor representations. Using a quadratic Hermitian matrix model we obtain expressions for all values of the 't Hooft coupling. At large and small couplings we give explicit formulae and reproduce supergravity results from both D3 and D5 branes within a systematic framework.

Sean A. Hartnoll; S. Prem Kumar

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

199

Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet summarizes a SunShot Initiative project led by Thermata to develop and demonstrate the first practical heliostat to use closed-loop tracking that can optically sense and control the reflected sunlight beam at the target. The expected benefits of this system include the reduction in the total installed cost of the heliostat field in a power tower concentrating solar power project.

200

Closed-loop air cooling system for a turbine engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus are disclosed for providing a closed-loop air cooling system for a turbine engine. The method and apparatus provide for bleeding pressurized air from a gas turbine engine compressor for use in cooling the turbine components. The compressed air is cascaded through the various stages of the turbine. At each stage a portion of the compressed air is returned to the compressor where useful work is recovered.

North, William Edward (Winter Springs, FL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Lattice refining loop quantum cosmology, anisotropic models and stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general class of loop quantizations for anisotropic models is introduced and discussed, which enhances loop quantum cosmology by relevant features seen in inhomogeneous situations. The main new effect is an underlying lattice which is being refined during dynamical changes of the volume. In general, this leads to a new feature of dynamical difference equations which may not have constant step-size, posing new mathematical problems. It is discussed how such models can be evaluated and what lattice refinements imply for semiclassical behavior. Two detailed examples illustrate that stability conditions can put strong constraints on suitable refinement models, even in the absence of a fundamental Hamiltonian which defines changes of the underlying lattice. Thus, a large class of consistency tests of loop quantum gravity becomes available. In this context, it will also be seen that quantum corrections due to inverse powers of metric components in a constraint are much larger than they appeared recently in more special treatments of isotropic, free scalar models where they were artificially suppressed.

Martin Bojowald; Daniel Cartin; Gaurav Khanna

2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

202

Visualisations of coherent centre domains in local Polyakov loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Chromodynamics exhibits a hadronic confined phase at low to moderate temperatures and, at a critical temperature $T_C$, undergoes a transition to a deconfined phase known as the quark-gluon plasma. The nature of this deconfinement phase transition is probed through visualizations of the Polyakov loop, a gauge independent order parameter. We produce visualizations that provide novel insights into the structure and evolution of center clusters. Using the HMC algorithm the percolation during the deconfinement transition is observed. Using 3D rendering of the phase and magnitude of the Polyakov loop, the fractal structure and correlations are examined. The evolution of the center clusters as the gauge fields thermalize from below the critical temperature to above it are also exposed. We observe deconfinement proceeding through a competition for the dominance of a particular center phase. We use stout-link smearing to remove small-scale noise in order to observe the large-scale evolution of the center clusters. A correlation between the magnitude of the Polyakov loop and the proximity of its phase to one of the center phases of SU(3) is evident in the visualizations.

Finn M. Stokes; Waseem Kamleh; Derek B. Leinweber

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

203

A solar active region loop compared with a 2D MHD model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyzed a coronal loop observed with the Normal Incidence Spectrometer (NIS), which is part of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The measured Doppler shifts and proper motions along the selected loop strongly indicate unidirectional flows. Analysing the Emission Measure Curves of the observed spectral lines, we estimated that the temperature along the loop was about 380000 K. We adapted a solution of the ideal MHD steady equations to our set of measurements. The derived energy balance along the loop, as well as the advantages/disadvantages of this MHD model for understanding the characteristics of solar coronal loops are discussed.

C. Gontikakis; G. J. D. Petrie; H. C. Dara; K. Tsinganos

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Heating and Dynamics of Two Flare Loop Systems Observed by AIA and EIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate heating and evolution of flare loops in a C4.7 two-ribbon flare on 2011 February 13. From SDO/AIA imaging observations, we can identify two sets of loops. Hinode/EIS spectroscopic observations reveal blueshifts at the feet of both sets of loops. The evolution and dynamics of the two sets are quite different. The first set of loops exhibits blueshifts for about 25 minutes followed by redshifts, while the second set shows stronger blueshifts, which are maintained for about one hour. The UV 1600 observation by AIA also shows that the feet of the second set of loops brighten twice. These suggest that continuous heating may be present in the second set of loops. We use spatially resolved UV light curves to infer heating rates in the few tens of individual loops comprising the two loop systems. With these heating rates, we then compute plasma evolution in these loops with the "enthalpy-based thermal evolution of loops" (EBTEL) model. The results show that, for the first set of loops, the synthetic EU...

Li, Y; Ding, M D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Loop Quantum Gravity and Cosmology: A dynamical introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loop quantum gravity and cosmology are reviewed with an emphasis on evaluating the dynamics, rather than constructing it. The three crucial parts of such an analysis are (i) deriving effective equations, (ii) controlling the theory's microscopic degrees of freedom that lead to its spatial discreteness and refinement, and (iii) ensuring consistency and anomaly-freedom. All three issues are crucial for making the theory testable by conceptual and observational means, and they remain challenging. Throughout this review, the Hamiltonian nature of the theory will play a large role for properties of space-time structure within the framework discussed.

Bojowald, Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Toroidal Carbon Nanotubes with Encapsulated Atomic Metal Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toroidal carbon nanotubes can serve as hosts for encapsulated loops of atomic metal wires. Such composite structures have been analyzed using density functional theory for a semiconducting C$_{120}$ torus encapsulating chains of Fe, Au and Cu atoms. The sheathed metal necklaces form a zigzag structure and drops the HOMO/LUMO bandgap to less than 0.1 eV. The iron composite is ferromagnetic with a magnetic moment essentially the same as that of bcc iron. The azimuthal symmetry of these toroidal composites suggests that they may offer novel elecromagnetic properties not associated with straight, metal-encapsulated carbon nanotubes.

Lusk, Mark T; 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.125422

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Numerical investigation of closed-loop control for Hall accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low frequency discharge current oscillations in Hall accelerators are conventionally damped with external inductor-capacitor (LC) or resistor-inductor-capacitor (RLC) networks. The role of such network in the stabilization of the plasma discharge is investigated with a numerical model and the potential advantages of proportional-integral-derivative (PID) closed-loop control over RLC networks are subsequently assessed using either discharge voltage or magnetic field modulation. Simulations confirm the reduction of current oscillations in the presence of a RLC network, but suggest that PID control could ensure nearly oscillation-free operation with little sensitivity toward the PID settings.

Barral, S.; Miedzik, J. [Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01497 Warsaw (Poland)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Loop Quantum Theory Applied to Biology and Nonlinear Whole Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The loop quantum theory, which constitutes a very small discontinuous space, as new method is applied to biology. The model of protein folding and lungs is proposed. In the model, some known results are used, and four approximate conclusions are obtained: their structures are quantized, their space regions are finite, various singularities correspond to folding and crossed points, and different types of catastrophe exist. Further, based on the inseparability and correlativity of the biological systems, the nonlinear whole biology is proposed, and four basic hypotheses are formed. It may unify reductionism and holism, structuralism and functionalism. Finally, the medical meaning of the theory is discussed briefly.

Yi-Fang Chang

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

209

Rupture loop annex ion exchange RLAIX vault deactivation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This engineering report documents the deactivation, stabilization and final conditions of the Rupture Loop Annex Ion Exchange (RLAIX) Vault located northwest of the 309 Building`s Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (PRTR). Twelve ion exchange columns, piping debris, and column liquid were removed from the vault, packaged and shipped for disposal. The vault walls and floor were decontaminated, and portions of the vault were painted to fix loose contamination. Process piping and drains were plugged, and the cover blocks and rain cover were installed. Upon closure,the vault was empty, stabilized, isolated.

Ham, J.E.; Harris, D.L., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

System having unmodulated flux locked loop for measuring magnetic fields  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system (10) for measuring magnetic fields, wherein the system (10) comprises an unmodulated or direct-feedback flux locked loop (12) connected by first and second unbalanced RF coaxial transmission lines (16a, 16b) to a superconducting quantum interference device (14). The FLL (12) operates for the most part in a room-temperature or non-cryogenic environment, while the SQUID (14) operates in a cryogenic environment, with the first and second lines (16a, 16b) extending between these two operating environments.

Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Blue Springs, MO)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Optical bistability in nonlinear system with two loops of feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model of nonlinear optical system surrounded by two loops of feedback is investigated. The cell with the vapor of rubidium - type atoms is taken in the capacity of nonlinear element. Two modes of near-resonant electromagnetic field interacting with the cell are involved in the feedback. Two-dimensional optical bistability domain in location of input field intensities is obtained and dependence of its form and magnitude from the system parameters (photon detunings, feedback factor etc.) is investigated. "Input - output" relations corresponding to different trajectories in the bistability domain are obtained. Cross-hysteresis is studied.

George P. Miroshnichenko; Alexander I. Trifanov

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

212

One-loop divergences in massive gravity theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The one-loop divergences are calculated for the recently proposed ghost-free version of massive gravity, where the action depends on both metric and external tensor field f. The non-polynomial structure of the massive term is reduced to a more standard form by means of auxiliary tensor field, which is settled on-shell after quantum calculations are performed. As one should expect, the counterterms do not reproduce the form of the classical action. Moreover, the result has the form of the power series in f.

Ioseph L. Buchbinder; Dante D. Pereira; Ilya L. Shapiro

2012-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

213

Closed loop air cooling system for combustion turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Convective cooling of turbine hot parts using a closed loop system is disclosed. Preferably, the present invention is applied to cooling the hot parts of combustion turbine power plants, and the cooling provided permits an increase in the inlet temperature and the concomitant benefits of increased efficiency and output. In preferred embodiments, methods and apparatus are disclosed wherein air is removed from the combustion turbine compressor and delivered to passages internal to one or more of a combustor and turbine hot parts. The air cools the combustor and turbine hot parts via convection and heat is transferred through the surfaces of the combustor and turbine hot parts.

Huber, David John (North Canton, OH); Briesch, Michael Scot (Orlando, FL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Closed loop air cooling system for combustion turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Convective cooling of turbine hot parts using a closed loop system is disclosed. Preferably, the present invention is applied to cooling the hot parts of combustion turbine power plants, and the cooling provided permits an increase in the inlet temperature and the concomitant benefits of increased efficiency and output. In preferred embodiments, methods and apparatus are disclosed wherein air is removed from the combustion turbine compressor and delivered to passages internal to one or more of a combustor and turbine hot parts. The air cools the combustor and turbine hot parts via convection and heat is transferred through the surfaces of the combustor and turbine hot parts. 1 fig.

Huber, D.J.; Briesch, M.S.

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

215

Sandia National Laboratories: HeFl Flow Loop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS Exhibit at ExploraGlobal SandiaVermontFacilityHeFl Flow Loop

216

Fusion rules and macroscopic loops from discretized approach to two-dimensional gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the multi-loop correlators and the multi-point functions for all of the scaling operators in unitary minimal conformal models coupled to two-dimensional gravity from the two-matrix model. We show that simple fusion rules for these scaling operators exist, and these are summarized in a compact form as fusion rules for loops. We clarify the role of the boundary operators and discuss its connection to how loops touch each other. We derive a general formula for the n-resolvent correlators, and point out the structure similar to the crossing symmetry of underlying conformal field theory. We discuss the connection of the boundary conditions of the loop correlators to the touching of loops for the case of the four-loop correlators.

Masahiro Anazawa

1997-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

217

OBSERVATIONS OF PLASMA UPFLOW IN A WARM LOOP WITH HINODE/EIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A complete understanding of Doppler shift in active region loops can help probe the basic physical mechanism involved into the heating of those loops. Here, we present observations of upflows in coronal loops detected in a range of temperatures (log T = 5.8-6.2). The loop was not discernible above these temperatures. The speed of upflow was strongest at the footpoint and decreased with height. The upflow speed at the footpoint was about 20 km s{sup -1} in Fe VIII, which decreased with temperature, being about 13 km s{sup -1} in Fe X, about 8 km s{sup -1} in Fe XII, and about 4 km s{sup -1} in Fe XIII. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first observation providing evidence of upflow of plasma in coronal loop structures at these temperatures. We interpret these observations as evidence of chromospheric evaporation in quasi-static coronal loops.

Tripathi, Durgesh [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Mason, Helen E.; Del Zanna, Giulio [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, Steven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

218

Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.

Clovis Jacinto de Matos

2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

219

Dry Dilution Refrigerator with He-4 Precool Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

He-3/He-4 dilution refrigerators (DR) are very common in sub-Kelvin temperature research. We describe a pulse tube precooled DR where a separate He-4 circuit condenses the He-3 of the dilution loop. Whereas in our previous work the dilution circuit and the He-4 circuit were separate, we show how the two circuits can be combined. Originally, the He-4 loop with a base temperature of ~ 1 K was installed to make an additional cooling power of up to 100 mW available to cool cold amplifiers and electrical lines. In the new design, the dilution circuit is run through a heat exchanger in the vessel of the He-4 circuit so that the condensation of the He-3 stream of the DR is done by the He-4 stage. A much reduced condensation time (factor of 2) of the He-3/He-4 gas mixture at the beginning of an experiment is achieved. A compressor is no longer needed with the DR as the condensation pressure remains below atmospheric pressure at all times; thus the risk of losing expensive He-3 gas is small. The performance of the DR ...

Uhlig, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Dry dilution refrigerator with 4He-1K-loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we summarize experimental work on cryogen-free 3He/4He dilution refrigerators which, in addition to the dilution refrigeration circuit, are equipped with a 4He-1K-stage. This type of DR becomes worth considering when high cooling capacities are needed at T ~ 1 K to cool cold amplifiers and heat sink cables. In our application, the motivation for the construction of this type of cryostat was to do experiments on superconducting quantum circuits for quantum information technology and quantum simulations. In other work, DRs with 1K-stage were proposed for astro-physical cryostats. For neutron scattering research, a top-loading cryogen-free DR with 1K-stage was built which was equipped with a standard commercial dilution refrigeration insert. Cooling powers of up to 100 mW have been reached with our 1K-stage, but higher refrigeration powers were achieved with more powerful pulse tube cryocoolers and higher 4He circulation rates in the 1K-loop. Several different versions of a 1K-loop have been test...

Uhlig, Kurt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Environmental Impact on the Southeast Limb of the Cygnus Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze observations from the Chandra X-ray Observatory of the southeast knot of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant. In this region, the blast wave propagates through an inhomogeneous environment. Extrinsic differences and subsequent multiple projections along the line of sight rather than intrinsic shock variations, such as fluid instabilities, account for the apparent complexity of the images. Interactions between the supernova blast wave and density enhancements of a large interstellar cloud can produce the morphological and spectral characteristics. Most of the X-ray flux arises in such interactions, not in the diffuse interior of the supernova remnant. Additional observations at optical and radio wavelengths support this account of the existing interstellar medium and its role in shaping the Cygnus Loop, and they demonstrate that the southeast knot is not a small cloud that the blast wave has engulfed. These data are consistent with rapid equilibration of electron and ion temperatures behind the shock front, and the current blast wave velocity v_{bw} approx 330 km/s. Most of this area does not show strong evidence for non-equilibrium ionization conditions, which may be a consequence of the high densities of the bright emission regions.

N. A. Levenson; James R. Graham

2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

222

Simulations of magnetic hysteresis loops at high temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The kinetic Monte-Carlo algorithm as well as standard micromagnetics are used to simulate MH loops of high anisotropy magnetic recording media at both short and long time scales over a wide range of temperatures relevant to heat-assisted magnetic recording. Microscopic parameters, common to both methods, were determined by fitting to experimental data on single-layer FePt-based media that uses the Magneto-Optic Kerr effect with a slow sweep rate of 700?Oe/s. Saturation moment, uniaxial anisotropy, and exchange constants are given an intrinsic temperature dependence based on published atomistic simulations of FePt grains with an effective Curie temperature of 680?K. Our results show good agreement between micromagnetics and kinetic Monte Carlo results over a wide range of sweep rates. Loops at the slow experimental sweep rates are found to become more square-shaped, with an increasing slope, as temperature increases from 300?K. These effects also occur at higher sweep rates, typical of recording speeds, but are much less pronounced. These results demonstrate the need for accurate determination of intrinsic thermal properties of future recording media as input to micromagnetic models as well as the sensitivity of the switching behavior of thin magnetic films to applied field sweep rates at higher temperatures.

Plumer, M. L.; Whitehead, J. P.; Fal, T. J. [Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 3X7 (Canada); Ek, J. van [Western Digital Corporation, San Jose, California 94588 (United States); Mercer, J. I. [Department of Computer Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 3X7 (Canada)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

223

THE DYNAMICS AND HEATING OF ACTIVE REGION LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I examine the dynamics of active regions using spectra obtained by the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on the Hinode spacecraft. I show the relationship between non-thermal velocities, Doppler outflows and downflows, intensities, and electron density for two representative active regions out of a group of 18 active regions examined. Results from the other active regions are summarized. Imaging spectra of these active regions were obtained from a number of different EIS raster observations. In the case of the outflows for the two representative regions, two-Gaussian fits were made to line profiles of Fe XII and Fe XIII to obtain quantitative information on high-speed components of the outflows. A three-Gaussian fit was made for the Fe XII line at {lambda}195.119. The highest speed outflows occur in weak regions adjacent to the bright loops in active regions. They are weak (less than 5% of the intensity of the main spectral component in the brightest parts of active regions) and even in the extensive flow regions they are generally less than 25% of the intensity of the main component. The outflow regions are characterized by long or open magnetic field lines and I suggest that the apparent absence of these higher speed outflows in bright regions is due to abundant stationary plasma in the closed bright loop regions that mask or overwhelm the outflow signal.

Doschek, G. A., E-mail: george.doschek@nrl.navy.mil [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management - Combining Fluid Loops in Electric Drive Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have increased vehicle thermal management complexity, using separate coolant loop for advanced power electronics and electric motors. Additional thermal components result in higher costs. Multiple cooling loops lead to reduced range due to increased weight. Energy is required to meet thermal requirements. This presentation for the 2013 Annual Merit Review discusses integrated vehicle thermal management by combining fluid loops in electric drive vehicles.

Rugh, J. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Tracking Phaselock Loop Characteristics with a VCO Using a Barium Strontium Titanate (BST)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracking Phaselock Loop Characteristics with a VCO Using a Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) Thin Strontium Titanate (BST) varactors utilized in a VCO demonstrate unique tuning characteristics compared

226

New one-loop techniques and first applications to LHC phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk we describe our approach for the computation of multi-leg one-loop amplitudes and present some first results relevant for LHC phenomenology.

T. Binoth; A. Guffanti; J. -Ph. Guillet; S. Karg; N. Kauer; T. Reiter

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

227

Testing of a loop heat pipe experimental apparatus under varied acceleration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An experimental apparatus was designed and fabricated to test a Loop Heat Pipe under varied acceleration. The experiment consisted of both flight and ground testing (more)

Kurwitz, Richard Cable

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

OPTIMIZED CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR A TYPICAL WATER LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Water Loop Heat Pump (WLHP) System has been widely utilized in the Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) industry for several decades. There is no (more)

Lian, Xu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation loop phosphorylation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activation loop phosphorylation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Photosynthesis Research 68: 7179, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic...

230

Hanford Tank Farms Waste Certification Flow Loop Test Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A future requirement of Hanford Tank Farm operations will involve transfer of wastes from double shell tanks to the Waste Treatment Plant. As the U.S. Department of Energy contractor for Tank Farm Operations, Washington River Protection Solutions anticipates the need to certify that waste transfers comply with contractual requirements. This test plan describes the approach for evaluating several instruments that have potential to detect the onset of flow stratification and critical suspension velocity. The testing will be conducted in an existing pipe loop in Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys facility that is being modified to accommodate the testing of instruments over a range of simulated waste properties and flow conditions. The testing phases, test matrix and types of simulants needed and the range of testing conditions required to evaluate the instruments are described

Bamberger, Judith A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Scott, Paul A.; Adkins, Harold E.; Wells, Beric E.; Blanchard, Jeremy; Denslow, Kayte M.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Laser Safety Method For Duplex Open Loop Parallel Optical Link  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided to ensure that laser optical power does not exceed a "safe" level in an open loop parallel optical link in the event that a fiber optic ribbon cable is broken or otherwise severed. A duplex parallel optical link includes a transmitter and receiver pair and a fiber optic ribbon that includes a designated number of channels that cannot be split. The duplex transceiver includes a corresponding transmitter and receiver that are physically attached to each other and cannot be detached therefrom, so as to ensure safe, laser optical power in the event that the fiber optic ribbon cable is broken or severed. Safe optical power is ensured by redundant current and voltage safety checks.

Baumgartner, Steven John (Zumbro Falls, MN); Hedin, Daniel Scott (Rochester, MN); Paschal, Matthew James (Rochester, MN)

2003-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

232

LORENTZ SELF-FORCE OF AN ELLIPSE CURRENT LOOP MODEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the Lorentz self-force of an ellipse current loop model is derived. We are motivated by the fact that it has been reported in the literature that coronal mass ejection morphology can resemble an ellipse in the field of view of coronagraph images. Deriving the Lorentz self-force using an ellipse geometry has the advantage of being able to be solved analytically, as opposed to other more complex geometries. The derived ellipse model is compared with the local curvature approximation, where the Lorentz self-force at the ellipse major/minor axis is compared with the Lorentz self-force of a torus with curvature equal to the local curvature at the ellipses major/minor axis. It is found that the local curvature approximation is valid for moderate values of eccentricity.

Olmedo, Oscar [Space Sciences Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Zhang Jie; Kunkel, Valbona, E-mail: oscar.olmedo.ctr@nrl.navy.mil [School of Physics, Astronomy and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

233

Chimera: A hybrid approach to numerical loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of a quantum bounce in isotropic spacetimes is a key result in loop quantum cosmology (LQC), which has been demonstrated to arise in all the models studied so far. In most of the models, the bounce has been studied using numerical simulations involving states which are sharply peaked and which bounce at volumes much larger than the Planck volume. An important issue is to confirm the existence of the bounce for states which have a wide spread, or which bounce closer to the Planck volume. Numerical simulations with such states demand large computational domains, making them very expensive and practically infeasible with the techniques which have been implemented so far. To overcome these difficulties, we present an efficient hybrid numerical scheme using the property that at the small spacetime curvature, the quantum Hamiltonian constraint in LQC, which is a difference equation with uniform discretization in volume, can be approximated by a Wheeler-DeWitt differential equation. By carefully choosi...

Diener, Peter; Singh, Parampreet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Study of Transients in an Enrichment Closed Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present thesis a mathematic model is presented in order to describe the dynamic behavior inside a closed enrichment loop, the latter representing a single stage of an uranium gaseous diffusion enrichment cascade.The analytical model is turned into a numerical model, and implemented through a computational code.For the verification of the model, measurements were taken in an experimental circuit using air as the process fluid.This circuit was instrumented so as to register its characteristic thermohydraulic variables.The measured transients were simulated, comparing the numerical results with the experimental measurements.A good agreement between the characteristic setting times and the thermohydraulic parameters evolution was observed.Besides, other transients of two species separation were numerically analyzed, including setting times of each magnitude, behavior of each one of them during different transients, and redistribution of concentrations.

Fernandino, M

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Quintessence and (anti-)Chaplygin gas in loop quantum cosmology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concordance model of cosmology contains several unknown components such as dark matter and dark energy. Many proposals have been made to describe them by choosing an appropriate potential for a scalar field. We study four models in the realm of loop quantum cosmology: the Chaplygin gas, an inflationary and radiationlike potential, quintessence and an anti-Chaplygin gas. For the latter we show that all trajectories start and end with a type II singularity and, depending on the initial value, may go through a bounce. On the other hand the evolution under the influence of the first three scalar fields behaves classically at times far away from the big bang singularity and bounces as the energy density approaches the critical density.

Lamon, Raphael; Woehr, Andreas J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, 89069 Ulm (Germany)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Renormalization of a two-loop neutrino mass model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the renormalization group structure of a radiative neutrino mass model consisting of a singly charged and a doubly charged scalar fields. Small Majorana neutrino masses are generated by the exchange of these scalars via two-loop diagrams. We derive boundedness conditions for the Higgs potential and show how they can be satisfied to energies up to the Planck scale. Combining boundedness and perturbativity constraints with neutrino oscillation phenomenology, new limits on the masses and couplings of the charged scalars are derived. These in turn lead to lower limits on the branching ratios for certain lepton flavor violating (LFV) processes such as ??e?, ??3e and ? ? e conversion in nuclei. Improved LFV measurements could test the model, especially in the case of inverted neutrino mass hierarchy where these are more prominent.

Babu, K. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Julio, J. [Fisika LIPI, Kompleks Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang 15310, Indonesia and Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova Cesta 39, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Polyakov loop and the hadron resonance gas model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Polyakov loop has been used repeatedly as an order parameter in the deconfinement phase transition in QCD. We argue that, in the confined phase, its expectation value can be represented in terms of hadronic states, similarly to the hadron resonance gas model for the pressure. Specifically, L(T) \\approx 1/2\\sum_\\alpha g_\\alpha \\,e^(-\\Delta_\\alpha/T), where g_\\alpha are the degeneracies and \\Delta_\\alpha are the masses of hadrons with exactly one heavy quark (the mass of the heavy quark itself being subtracted). We show that this approximate sum rule gives a fair description of available lattice data with N_f=2+1 for temperatures in the range 150MeVmodels. For temperatures below 150MeV different lattice results disagree. One set of data can be described if exotic hadrons are present in the QCD spectrum while other sets do not require such states.

E. Megias; E. Ruiz Arriola; L. L. Salcedo

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

238

NLO evolution of 3-quark Wilson loop operator  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

It is well known that high-energy scattering of a meson from some hadronic target can be described by the interaction of that target with a color dipole formed by two Wilson lines corresponding to fast quark-antiquark pair. Moreover, the energy dependence of the scattering amplitude is governed by the evolution equation of this color dipole with respect to rapidity. Similarly, the energy dependence of scattering of a baryon can be described in terms of evolution of a three-Wilson-lines operator with respect to the rapidity of the Wilson lines. We calculate the evolution of the 3-quark Wilson loop operator in the next-to-leading order (NLO) and present a quasi-conformal evolution equation for a composite 3-Wilson-lines operator. We also obtain the linearized version of that evolution equation describing the amplitude of the odderon exchange at high energies.

Balitsky, Ian [ODU, JLAB; Grabovsky, A V [Novosibirsk

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Two-loop Yang-Mills diagrams from superstring amplitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting from the superstring amplitude describing interactions among D-branes with a constant world-volume field strength, we present a detailed analysis of how the open string degeneration limits reproduce the corresponding field theory Feynman diagrams. A key ingredient in the string construction is represented by the twisted (Prym) super differentials, as their periods encode the information about the background field. We provide an efficient method to calculate perturbatively the determinant of the twisted period matrix in terms of sets of super-moduli appropriate to the degeneration limits. Using this result we show that there is a precise one-to-one correspondence between the degeneration of different factors in the superstring amplitudes and one-particle irreducible Feynman diagrams capturing the gauge theory effective action at the two-loop level.

Magnea, Lorenzo; Russo, Rodolfo; Sciuto, Stefano

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Bimetallic Fe-Ni Oxygen Carriers for Chemical Looping Combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative abundance, low cost, and low toxicity of iron make Fe-based oxygen carriers of great interest for chemical looping combustion (CLC), an emerging technology for clean and efficient combustion of fossil and renewable fuels. However, Fe also shows much lower reactivity than other metals (such as Ni and Cu). Here, we demonstrate strong improvement of Fe-based carriers by alloying the metal phase with Ni. Through a combination of carrier synthesis and characterization with thermogravimetric and fixed-bed reactor studies, we demonstrate that the addition of Ni results in a significant enhancement in activity as well as an increase in selectivity for total oxidation. Furthermore, comparing alumina and ceria as support materials highlights the fact that reducible supports can result in a strong increase in oxygen carrier utilization.

Bhavsar, Saurabh; Veser, Goetz

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Phenomenological aspects of heterotic orbifold models at one loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide a detailed study of the phenomenology of orbifold compactifications of the heterotic string within the context of supergravity effective theories. Our investigation focuses on those models where the soft Lagrangian is dominated by loop contributions to the various soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. Such models typically predict non-universal soft masses and are thus significantly different from minimal supergravity and other universal models. We consider the pattern of masses that are governed by these soft terms and investigate the implications of certain indirect constraints on supersymmetric models, such as flavor-changing neutral currents, the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and the density of thermal relic neutralinos. These string-motivated models show novel behavior that interpolates between the phenomenology of unified supergravity models and models dominated by the superconformal anomaly.

Birkedal-Hansen, A.; Binetruy, P.; Mambrini, Y.; Nelson, B.

2003-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

242

Dry dilution refrigerator with He-4 precool loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

He-3/He-4 dilution refrigerators (DR) are very common in sub-Kelvin temperature research. We describe a pulse tube precooled DR where a separate He-4 circuit condenses the He-3 of the dilution loop. Whereas in our previous work the dilution circuit and the He-4 circuit were separate, we show how the two circuits can be combined. Originally, the He-4 loop with a base temperature of ? 1 K was installed to make an additional cooling power of up to 100 mW available to cool cold amplifiers and electrical lines. In the new design, the dilution circuit is run through a heat exchanger in the vessel of the He-4 circuit so condensation of the He-3 stream of the DR is done by the He-4 stage. A much reduced condensation time (factor of 2) of the He-3/He-4 gas mixture at the beginning of an experiment is achieved. A compressor is no longer needed with the DR as the condensation pressure remains below atmospheric pressure at all times; thus the risk of losing expensive He-3 gas is small. The performance of the DR has been improved compared to previous work: The base temperature of the mixing chamber at a small He-3 flow rate is now 4.1 mK; at the highest He-3 flow rate of 1.2 mmol/s this temperature increases to 13 mK. Mixing chamber temperatures were measured with a cerium magnesium nitrate (CMN) thermometer which was calibrated with a superconducting fixed point device.

Uhlig, Kurt [Walther-Meissner-Institute, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

243

Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determined from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.

Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky We the energy bands for Bloch waves in optically trapped Bose­Einstein condensates. The comparison between in this context. These bifurcations generate loops in the energy bands of the Bloch waves near the ends

Pelinovsky, Dmitry

245

The Susceptibility of Materials in Spallation Neutron Source Target and Blanket Cooling Loops to Corrosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Corrosion R. Scott Lillard, Darryl P. Butt Materials Corrosion and Environmental Effects Lab MST-6 cooling loops to corrosion. To simulate the environment that materials may be exposed to in a target of exposing corrosion samples to an 800 MeV proton beam at currents upwards of 1 mA was constructed. This loop

246

Sequence Codes for Extended Conformation: A Neighbor-Dependent Sequence Analysis of Loops in Proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in proteins. Because of this lack of knowledge, our ability to identify loop regions in proteins is limited in Proteins Chiquito J. Crasto and Jin-an Feng* Institute for Cancer Research, Fox Chase Cancer Center of proteins. By dividing a loop databank derived from the Protein Data Bank into groups, we analyzed

Crasto, Chiquito

247

Process/Equipment Co-Simulation on Syngas Chemical Looping Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chemical looping strategy for fossil energy applications promises to achieve an efficient energy conversion system for electricity, liquid fuels, hydrogen and/or chemicals generation, while economically separate CO{sub 2} by looping reaction design in the process. Chemical looping particle performance, looping reactor engineering, and process design and applications are the key drivers to the success of chemical looping process development. In order to better understand and further scale up the chemical looping process, issues such as cost, time, measurement, safety, and other uncertainties need to be examined. To address these uncertainties, advanced reaction/reactor modeling and process simulation are highly desired and the modeling efforts can accelerate the chemical looping technology development, reduce the pilot-scale facility design time and operating campaigns, as well as reduce the cost and technical risks. The purpose of this work is thus to conduct multiscale modeling and simulations on the key aspects of chemical looping technology, including particle reaction kinetics, reactor design and operation, and process synthesis and optimization.

Zeng, Liang; Zhou, Qiang; Fan, Liang-Shih

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

Differential Supply of Autochthonous Organic Carbon and Nitrogen to the Microbial Loop in the Delaware Estuary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential Supply of Autochthonous Organic Carbon and Nitrogen to the Microbial Loop to heterotrophic bacteria (bacteria) has been re-evaluated in the Delaware Estuary, considering carbon (C sources of organic matter to the estuarine microbial loop. Introduction The fate of organic matter

249

INT. J. CONTROL, 1989, VOL. 49, NO. 4, 1249 1271 Loop recovery via Hm/* sensitivity recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;1250 J. B. Moore and T T Tay context of Anderson and Moore ( 1971 ) and Kwakernaak and Sivan ( 1972INT. J. CONTROL, 1989, VOL. 49, NO. 4, 1249­ 1271 Loop recovery via Hm/* sensitivity recovery J. B. MOOREt and T. T. TAY~ Loop transfer recovery (LTR) techniques are known to enhance the input or output

Moore, John Barratt

250

A Simple and Effective Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation Platform for Urban Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Simple and Effective Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation Platform for Urban Electric Vehicles B-in-the-loop simulation of urban electric vehicles. The proposed platform, which is expected to be used for electric is coupled to DC machine-based load torque emulator taking into account the electric vehicle mechanics

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

251

THERMAL NON-EQUILIBRIUM REVISITED: A HEATING MODEL FOR CORONAL LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The location and frequency of events that heat the million-degree corona are still a matter of debate. One potential heating scenario is that the energy release is effectively steady and highly localized at the footpoints of coronal structures. Such an energy deposition drives thermal non-equilibrium solutions in the hydrodynamic equations in longer loops. This heating scenario was considered and discarded by Klimchuk et al. on the basis of their one-dimensional simulations as incapable of reproducing observational characteristics of loops. In this paper, we use three-dimensional simulations to generate synthetic emission images, from which we select and analyze six loops. The main differences between our model and that of Klimchuk et al. concern (1) dimensionality, (2) resolution, (3) geometrical properties of the loops, (4) heating function, and (5) radiative function. We find evidence, in this small set of simulated loops, that the evolution of the light curves, the variation of temperature along the loops, the density profile, and the absence of small-scale structures are compatible with the characteristics of observed loops. We conclude that quasi-steady footpoint heating that drives thermal non-equilibrium solutions cannot yet be ruled out as a viable heating scenario for EUV loops.

Lionello, Roberto; Linker, Jon A.; Mikic, Zoran [Predictive Science, Inc., 9990 Mesa Rim Rd., Ste. 170, San Diego, CA 92121-2910 (United States); Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Mok, Yung, E-mail: lionel@predsci.com, E-mail: linkerj@predsci.com, E-mail: mikicz@predsci.com, E-mail: amy.r.winebarger@nasa.gov, E-mail: ymok@uci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, 4129 Reines Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Individualized closed-loop control of propofol anesthesia: A preliminary study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Individualized closed-loop control of propofol anesthesia: A preliminary study Kristian Soltesz a an individualized approach to closed-loop control of depth of hypnosis during propo- fol anesthesia. The novelty of the paper lies in the individualization of the controller at the end of the induction phase of anesthesia

253

Kinetics of Loop Formation and Breakage in the Denatured State of Iso-1-cytochrome c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetics of Loop Formation and Breakage in the Denatured State of Iso-1-cytochrome c Eydiejo to measure the rates of histidineheme loop formation and breakage in the denatured state of iso-1-cytochrome single surface histidine variants of iso-1-cytochrome c. A scaling factor (the dependence of kf on log

Roder, Heinrich

254

Nested Loops Revisited David J. DeWitt Je rey F. Naughton y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nested Loops Revisited David J. DeWitt Je rey F. Naughton y Joseph Burger Abstract The research, almostnone ofthe commercialparallel database systems use hashing-based join algorithms, us- inginstead nested hash-based algorithms and a parallel nested loops algorithm with index. In this pa- per we present

Liblit, Ben

255

Dynamics of interacting dark energy model in Einstein and Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the background dynamics when dark energy is coupled to dark matter in the universe described by Einstein cosmology and Loop Quantum Cosmology. We introduce a new general form of dark sector coupling, which presents us a more complicated dynamical phase space. Differences in the phase space in obtaining the accelerated scaling attractor in Einstein cosmology and Loop Quantum Cosmology are disclosed.

Songbai Chen; Bin Wang; Jiliang Jing

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

256

SEQUENTIAL OPEN-LOOP SCHEDULING STRATEGIES P. Nash, R.R. Weber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-optimal, scheduling strategies. This new approach is based on the notion of sequential open-loop control, sometimesSEQUENTIAL OPEN-LOOP SCHEDULING STRATEGIES P. Nash, R.R. Weber Cambridge University ABSTRACT For certain scheduling problems wi th pre-emptive processing, a dynamic programming formulation reduces

Weber, Richard

257

Relativistic calculation of the pion loop correlation energy in nuclear matter in a theory including confinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relativistic calculation of the pion loop correlation energy in nuclear matter in a theory of nuclear matter which contains the correlation energy. Pion loops are incorporated on top of a relativistic for the correlation energy is the Landau-Migdal parameter g governing the short-range part of the spin- isospin

Boyer, Edmond

258

On Hybrid Systems and Closed-Loop MPC Systems A. Bemporad1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Hybrid Systems and Closed-Loop MPC Systems A. Bemporad1 , W.P.M.H. Heemels2 , B. De Schutter3 Abstract The following five classes of hybrid systems were re- cently proved to be equivalent: linear- per, for linear or hybrid plants in closed-loop with a model predictive control (MPC) controller based

Sontag, Eduardo

259

Thermal Response of the Hybrid Loop-Pool Design for Sodium Cooled Faster Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An innovative hybrid loop-pool design for the sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) has been recently proposed with the primary objective of achieving cost reduction and safety enhancement. With the hybrid loop-pool design, closed primary loops are immersed in a secondary buffer tank. This design takes advantage of features from conventional both pool and loop designs to further improve economics and safety. This paper will briefly introduce the hybrid loop-pool design concept and present the calculated thermal responses for unproctected (without reactor scram) loss of forced circulation (ULOF) transients using RELAP5-3D. The analyses examine both the inherent reactivity shutdown capability and decay heat removal performance by passive safety systems.

Zhang, Hongbin; Zhao, Haihua; Davis, Cliff

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Particle acceleration and transport in reconnecting twisted loops in a stratified atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twisted coronal loops should be ubiquitous in the solar corona. Twisted magnetic fields contain excess magnetic energy, which can be released during magnetic reconnection, causing solar flares. The aim of this work is to investigate magnetic reconnection, and particle acceleration and transport in kink-unstable twisted coronal loops, with a focus on the effects of resistivity, loop geometry and atmospheric stratification. Another aim is to perform forward-modelling of bremsstrahlung emission and determine the structure of hard X-ray sources. We use a combination of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and test-particle methods. First, the evolution of the kinking coronal loop is considered using resistive MHD model, incorporating atmospheric stratification and loop curvature. Then, the obtained electric and magnetic fields and density distributions are used to calculate electron and proton trajectories using a guiding-centre approximation, taking into account Coulomb collisions. It is shown that electric fields in twist...

Gordovskyy, Mykola; Kontar, Eduard; Bian, Nicolas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

DEEPER BY THE DOZEN: UNDERSTANDING THE CROSS-FIELD TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS OF CORONAL LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectroscopic analysis of coronal loops has revealed a variety of cross-field temperature distributions. Some loops appear to be isothermal while others require multithermal plasma. The EUV Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode has the spatial resolution and temperature coverage required for differential emission measure (DEM) analysis of coronal loops. Our results also use data from the X-Ray Telescope on Hinode as a high-temperature constraint. Of our 12 loops, two were post-flare loops with broad temperature distributions, two were narrow but not quite isothermal, and the remaining eight were in the mid range. We consider our DEM methods to be a significant advance over previous work, and it is also reassuring to learn that our findings are consistent with results available in the literature. For the quiescent loops analyzed here, 10 MK plasma, a signature of nanoflares, appears to be absent at a level of approximately two orders of magnitude down from the DEM peak. We find some evidence that warmer loops require broader DEMs. The cross-field temperatures obtained here cannot be modeled as single flux tubes. Rather, the observed loop must be composed of several or many unresolved strands. The plasma contained in each of these strands could be cooling at different rates, contributing to the multithermal nature of the observed loop pixels. An important implication of our DEM results involves observations from future instruments. Once solar telescopes can truly resolve X-ray and EUV coronal structures, these images would have to reveal the loop substructure implied by our multithermal results.

Schmelz, J. T.; Pathak, S.; Jenkins, B. S.; Worley, B. T., E-mail: jschmelz@memphis.edu [Physics Department, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152 (United States)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

262

Numeric simulation of thyristor power converters taking into consideration the firing-circuits and the closed-loop control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numeric simulation of thyristor power converters taking into consideration the firing-circuits and the closed-loop control

Bordry, Frederick; Proudlock, Paul

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Design and implementation of a hardware-in-the-loop simulation system for small-scale UAV helicopters q  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and implementation of a hardware-in-the-loop simulation system for small-scale UAV: Hardware-in-the-loop simulation UAV Helicopter Flight control a b s t r a c t We present in the paper constructed unmanned-aerial-vehicle (UAV) helicopter systems. Real-time hardware-in-the-loop simulation is one

Benmei, Chen

264

Loop Driver Procedures IMPORTANT: If there is a problem at any time, immediately call the cell phone of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

you started your shift the Loop cart was in good condition, and the cell phone was on board and necessary to correct the problem. The first task when you begin your shift is to check the Loop cell phone name. Waiting During your work shift, keep the Loop cell phone close by and turned on as you wait

Sjölander, Kimmen

265

Entropy, Partitions and Association Schemes R. A. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Peter J. Cameron, Terence Chan, Max Gadouleau, Sune Jakobsen, Søren Riis) Network Coding, Partitions

Bailey, R. A.

266

Randomization 50 years after Fisher R. A. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with milk she can discriminate whether the milk or the tea infusion was first added to the cup." (Fisher made with milk she can discriminate whether the milk or the tea infusion was first added to the cup that by tasting a cup of tea made with milk she can discriminate whether the milk or the tea infusion was first

Bailey, R. A.

267

Computation in Optimal Extension Fields Daniel V. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Feds, geeks, and other social misfits was held in New York City to mark the tenth anniversary of 2600 which were so quickly changing our world. At the conference, Bruce Schneier and Matt Blaze gave a panel, Bruce Schneier, Matt Blaze, Amy Bern­ heisel, and Christof Paar, without whom none of this would have

268

Computation in Optimal Extension Fields Daniel V. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and other social misfits was held in New York City to mark the tenth anniversary of 2600 Magazine. We were quickly changing our world. At the conference, Bruce Schneier and Matt Blaze gave a panel discussion Pell, Bruce Schneier, Matt Blaze, Amy Bern- heisel, and Christof Paar, without whom none of this would

269

ROBERT MCNAB AND KATHLEEN BAILEY MANUSCRIPT 2: DEFINING CORRUPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be a corrupt action, given the individual saw no explicit private benefit? From Nye's perspective, 1964). The literature commonly defines corruption as, "the abuse of public power for private benefit: "the use of public office for private gain."3 From this perspective, corruption is connected explicitly

270

A Non-Normality Result D.H. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the summation are integers. That leaves the second expression. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley of Energy, under contract number DE-AC02-05CH11231. 1 #12;Consider the case when n = 3M , where M 1 the first 59049+14276 = 68536 base-6 digits of . In this tabulation we have of course ignored the many

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

271

In uence-Based Model Decomposition Christopher Bailey-Kellogg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

building temperature (smart buildings) to ve- hicle on-board diagnostic and control systems that in- cessing technology have enabled a new generation of AI robotic systems | so-called Smart Matter systems of these Smart Matter systems is to synthesize optimal control policies using data rich models for the systems

Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

272

Can An Evolutionary Process Create English Text? David H. Bailey*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to English text. For example, David Foster, in a book skeptical of evolution, discusses and then ref

Bailey, David H.

273

Bailey County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin EnergyBacliff, Texas: Energy Resources JumpBadASHRAE

274

Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCT BiomassArnprior,Aurantia SACitasUSFWSBay Hot Springs Geothermal

275

Bailey County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCT BiomassArnprior,Aurantia SACitasUSFWSBay Hot Springs

276

Field Mapping At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Bailey,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37.California: EnergyFeilden Clegg| Open Energy InformationThe2011) |

277

Magnetic reconnection between small-scale loops observed with the New Vacuum Solar Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the high tempo-spatial resolution H$\\alpha$ images observed with the New Vacuum Solar Telescope, we report the solid observational evidence of magnetic reconnection between two sets of small-scale anti-parallel loops with an X-shaped topology. The reconnection process contains two steps: a slow step with the duration of more than several tens of minutes, and a rapid step lasting for only about three minutes. During the slow reconnection, two sets of anti-parallel loops reconnect gradually, and new loops are formed and stacked together. During the rapid reconnection, the anti-parallel loops approach each other quickly, and then the rapid reconnection takes place, resulting in the disappearance of former loops. In the meantime, new loops are formed and separate. The region between the approaching loops is brightened, and the thickness and length of this region are determined to be about 420 km and 1.4 Mm, respectively. During the rapid reconnection process, obvious brightenings at the reconnection site an...

Yang, Shuhong; Xiang, Yongyuan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

DETECTING NANOFLARE HEATING EVENTS IN SUBARCSECOND INTER-MOSS LOOPS USING Hi-C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) flew aboard a NASA sounding rocket on 2012 July 11 and captured roughly 345 s of high-spatial and temporal resolution images of the solar corona in a narrowband 193 A channel. In this paper, we analyze a set of rapidly evolving loops that appear in an inter-moss region. We select six loops that both appear in and fade out of the Hi-C images during the short flight. From the Hi-C data, we determine the size and lifetimes of the loops and characterize whether these loops appear simultaneously along their length or first appear at one footpoint before appearing at the other. Using co-aligned, co-temporal data from multiple channels of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we determine the temperature and density of the loops. We find the loops consist of cool ({approx}10{sup 5} K), dense ({approx}10{sup 10} cm{sup -3}) plasma. Their required thermal energy and their observed evolution suggest they result from impulsive heating similar in magnitude to nanoflares. Comparisons with advanced numerical simulations indicate that such dense, cold and short-lived loops are a natural consequence of impulsive magnetic energy release by reconnection of braided magnetic field at low heights in the solar atmosphere.

Winebarger, Amy R.; Moore, Ronald; Cirtain, Jonathan [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Walsh, Robert W. [University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); De Pontieu, Bart; Title, Alan [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover St., Org. A0215, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Hansteen, Viggo [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Weber, Mark [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kobayashi, Ken [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Dr, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); DeForest, Craig [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Kuzin, Sergey, E-mail: amy.r.winebarger@nasa.gov [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt 53 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Phenylnaphthalene Derivatives as Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating Solar Power: Loop Experiments and Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ORNL and subcontractor Cool Energy completed an investigation of higher-temperature, organic thermal fluids for solar thermal applications. Although static thermal tests showed promising results for 1-phenylnaphthalene, loop testing at temperatures to 450 C showed that the material isomerized at a slow rate. In a loop with a temperature high enough to drive the isomerization, the higher melting point byproducts tended to condense onto cooler surfaces. So, as experienced in loop operation, eventually the internal channels of cooler components such as the waste heat rejection exchanger may become coated or clogged and loop performance will decrease. Thus, pure 1-phenylnaphthalene does not appear to be a fluid that would have a sufficiently long lifetime (years to decades) to be used in a loop at the increased temperatures of interest. Hence a decision was made not to test the ORNL fluid in the loop at Cool Energy Inc. Instead, Cool Energy tested and modeled power conversion from a moderate-temperature solar loop using coupled Stirling engines. Cool Energy analyzed data collected on third and fourth generation SolarHeart Stirling engines operating on a rooftop solar field with a lower temperature (Marlotherm) heat transfer fluid. The operating efficiencies of the Stirling engines were determined at multiple, typical solar conditions, based on data from actual cycle operation. Results highlighted the advantages of inherent thermal energy storage in the power conversion system.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Bell, Jason R [ORNL; Felde, David K [ORNL; Joseph III, Robert Anthony [ORNL; Qualls, A L [ORNL; Weaver, Samuel P [ORNL

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Corrosion of type 316L stainless steel in a mercury thermal convection loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two thermal convection loops fabricated from 316L stainless steel containing mercury (Hg) and Hg with 1000 wppm gallium (Ga), respectively, were operated continuously for about 5000 h. In each case, the maximum loop temperature was constant at about 305 degrees C and the minimum temperature was constant at about 242 degrees C. Coupons in the hot leg of the Hg-loop developed a posous surface layer substantially depleted of nickel and chromium, which resulted in a transformation to ferrite. The coupon exposed at the top of the hot leg in the Hg-loop experienced the maximum degradation, exhibiting a surface layer extending an average of 9-10 mu m after almost 5000 h. Analysis of the corrosion rate data as a function of temperature (position) in the Hg-loop suggests wetting by the mer cury occurred only above about 255 degrees C and that the rate limiting step in the corrosion process above 255 degrees C is solute diffusion through the saturated liquid boundary layer adjacent to the corroding surface. The latter factor suggests that the corrosion of 316L stainless steel in a mercury loop may be velocity dependent. No wetting and no corrosion were observed on the coupons and wall specimens removed from the Hg/Ga loop after 5000 h of operation.

DiStefano, J.R.; Manneschmidt, E.T.; Pawel, S.J.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Testing a Riemannian twisted solar loop model from EUV data and magnetic topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact Riemannian solar twisted magnetic flux tube surfaces model are tested against solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lines observations, allowing us to compute the diameter and height of solar plasma loops. The relation between magnetic and torsion energies is found for a nonplanar solar twisted (torsioned) loop to be $10^{9}$, which shows that the contribution of torsion energy to the solar loop is extremely weaker than the magnetic energy contribution. In this case solar loops of up $5000 km$ in diameter can be reached. The height of $220.000 km$ is used to obtain an estimate for torsion based on the Riemannian flux tube surface, which yields ${\\tau}_{0}=0.9{\\times} 10^{-8} m^{-1}$ which coincides with one of the data of $(0.9{\\pm}0.4){\\times}10^{-8}m^{-1}$ obtained by Lopez-Fuentes et al (2003). This result tells us that the Riemannian flux tube model for plasma solar loops is consistent with experimental results in solar physics. These results are obtained for a homogeneous twisted solar loop. By making use of Moffatt-Ricca theorem for the bounds on torsional energy of unknotted vortex filaments, applied to magnetic topology, one places bounds on the lengths of EUV solar loops. New results as the vorticity of the plasma flow along the tube is also computed in terms of the flux tube twist.

Garcia de Andrade

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

282

Peierls-Nabarro Barrier and Protein Loop Propagation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a self-localized quasiparticle excitation propagates along a discrete one dimensional lattice, it becomes subject to a dissipation that converts the kinetic energy into lattice vibrations. Eventually the kinetic energy does no longer enable the excitation to cross over the minimum energy barrier between neighboring sites, and the excitation becomes localized within a lattice cell. In the case of a protein, the lattice structure consists of the C-alpha backbone. The self-localized quasiparticle excitation is the elemental building block of loops. It can be modeled by a kink which solves a variant of the discrete non-linear Schroedinger equation (DNLS). We study the propagation of such a kink in the case of protein G related albumin-binding domain, using the UNRES coarse-grained molecular dynamics force field. We estimate the height of the energy barriers the kink needs to cross over, in order to propagate along the backbone lattice. We analyse how these barriers gives rise to both stresses and reliefs which control the kink movement. For this, we deform a natively folded protein structure by parallel translating the kink along the backbone away from its native position. We release the transposed kink, and we follow how it propagates along the backbone towards the native location. We observe that the dissipative forces which are exerted on the kink by the various energy barriers, have a pivotal role in determining how a protein folds towards its native state.

Adam K. Sieradzan; Antti Niemi; Xubiao Peng

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

283

Study of Two-Loop Neutrino Mass Generation Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the models with the Majorana neutrino masses generated radiatively by two-loop diagrams due to the Yukawa $\\rho \\bar \\ell_R^c \\ell_R$ and effective $\\rho^{\\pm\\pm} W^\\mp W^\\mp$ couplings along with a scalar triplet $\\Delta$, where $\\rho$ is a doubly charged singlet scalar, $\\ell_R$ the charged lepton and $W$ the charged gauge boson. A generic feature in these types of models is that the neutrino mass spectrum has to be a normal hierarchy. Furthermore, by using the neutrino oscillation data and comparing with the global fitting result in the literature, we find a unique neutrino mass matrix and predict the Dirac and two Majorana CP phases to be $1.40\\pi$, $1.11\\pi$ and $1.47\\pi$, respectively. We also discuss the model parameters constrained by the lepton flavor violating processes and electroweak oblique parameters. In addition, we show that the rate of the neutrinoless double beta decay $(0\

Geng, Chao-Qiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Future singularities and teleparallelism in loop quantum cosmology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate how holonomy corrections in loop quantum cosmology (LQC) prevent the Big Rip singularity by introducing a quadratic modification in terms of the energy density ? in the Friedmann equation in the Friedmann-Lematre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) space-time in a consistent and useful way. In addition, we investigate whether other kind of singularities like Type II,III and IV singularities survive or are avoided in LQC when the universe is filled by a barotropic fluid with the state equation P = ???f(?), where P is the pressure and f(?) a function of ?. It is shown that the Little Rip cosmology does not happen in LQC. Nevertheless, the occurrence of the Pseudo-Rip cosmology, in which the phantom universe approaches the de Sitter one asymptotically, is established, and the corresponding example is presented. It is interesting that the disintegration of bound structures in the Pseudo-Rip cosmology in LQC always takes more time than that in Einstein cosmology. Our investigation on future singularities is generalized to that in modified teleparallel gravity, where LQC and Brane Cosmology in the Randall-Sundrum scenario are the best examples. It is remarkable that F(T) gravity may lead to all the kinds of future singularities including Little Rip.

Bamba, Kazuharu [Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Haro, Jaume de [Departament de Matemtica Aplicada I, Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Odintsov, Sergei D., E-mail: bamba@kmi.nagoya-u.ac.jp, E-mail: jaime.haro@upc.edu, E-mail: odintsov@ieec.uab.es [Dept. Gen. and Theor. Phys. and Eurasian International Center for Theoretical Physics, Eurasian National University, Astana 010008 (Kazakhstan)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Chimera: A hybrid approach to numerical loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of a quantum bounce in isotropic spacetimes is a key result in loop quantum cosmology (LQC), which has been demonstrated to arise in all the models studied so far. In most of the models, the bounce has been studied using numerical simulations involving states which are sharply peaked and which bounce at volumes much larger than the Planck volume. An important issue is to confirm the existence of the bounce for states which have a wide spread, or which bounce closer to the Planck volume. Numerical simulations with such states demand large computational domains, making them very expensive and practically infeasible with the techniques which have been implemented so far. To overcome these difficulties, we present an efficient hybrid numerical scheme using the property that at the small spacetime curvature, the quantum Hamiltonian constraint in LQC, which is a difference equation with uniform discretization in volume, can be approximated by a Wheeler-DeWitt differential equation. By carefully choosing a hybrid spatial grid allowing the use of partial differential equations at large volumes, and with a simple change of geometrical coordinate, we obtain a surprising reduction in the computational cost. This scheme enables us to explore regimes which were so far unachievable for the isotropic model in LQC. Our approach also promises to significantly reduce the computational cost for numerical simulations in anisotropic LQC using high performance computing.

Peter Diener; Brajesh Gupt; Parampreet Singh

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

286

Natural Ores as Oxygen Carriers in Chemical Looping Combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a combustion technology that utilizes oxygen from oxygen carriers (OC), such as metal oxides, instead of air to combust fuels. The use of natural minerals as oxygen carriers has advantages, such as lower cost and availability. Eight materials, based on copper or iron oxides, were selected for screening tests of CLC processes using coal and methane as fuels. Thermogravimetric experiments and bench-scale fixed-bed reactor tests were conducted to investigate the oxygen transfer capacity, reaction kinetics, and stability during cyclic reduction/oxidation reaction. Most natural minerals showed lower combustion capacity than pure CuO/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} due to low-concentrations of active oxide species in minerals. In coal CLC, chryscolla (Cu-based), magnetite, and limonite (Fe-based) demonstrated better reaction performances than other materials. The addition of steam improved the coal CLC performance when using natural ores because of the steam gasification of coal and the subsequent reaction of gaseous fuels with active oxide species in the natural ores. In methane CLC, chryscolla, hematite, and limonite demonstrated excellent reactivity and stability in 50-cycle thermogravimetric analysis tests. Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based ores possess greater oxygen utilization but require an activation period before achieving full performance in methane CLC. Particle agglomeration issues associated with the application of natural ores in CLC processes were also studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Tian, Hanjing; Siriwardane, Ranjani; Simonyi, Thomas; Poston, James

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Loop quantum cosmology of k=1 FRW models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The closed, k=1, FRW model coupled to a massless scalar field is investigated in the framework of loop quantum cosmology using analytical and numerical methods. As in the k=0 case, the scalar field can be again used as emergent time to construct the physical Hilbert space and introduce Dirac observables. The resulting framework is then used to address a major challenge of quantum cosmology: resolving the big-bang singularity while retaining agreement with general relativity at large scales. It is shown that the framework fulfills this task. In particular, for states which are semi-classical at some late time, the big-bang is replaced by a quantum bounce and a recollapse occurs at the value of the scale factor predicted by classical general relativity. Thus, the `difficulties' pointed out by Green and Unruh in the k=1 case do not arise in a more systematic treatment. As in k=0 models, quantum dynamics is deterministic across the deep Planck regime. However, because it also retains the classical recollapse, in contrast to the k=0 case one is now led to a cyclic model. Finally, we clarify some issues raised by Laguna's recent work addressed to computational physicists.

Abhay Ashtekar; Tomasz Pawlowski; Parampreet Singh; Kevin Vandersloot

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

288

Cosmological Analysis of Pilgrim Dark Energy in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proposal of pilgrim dark energy is based on speculation that phantom-like dark energy (with strong enough resistive force) can prevent black hole formation in the universe. We explore this phenomenon in loop quantum cosmology framework by taking Hubble horizon as an infra-red cutoff in pilgrim dark energy. We evaluate the cosmological parameters such as Hubble, equation of state parameter, squared speed of sound and also cosmological planes like $\\omega_{\\vartheta}-\\omega'_{\\vartheta}$ and $r-s$ on the basis of pilgrim dark energy parameter ($u$) and interacting parameter ($d^2$). It is found that values of Hubble parameter lies in the range $74^{+0.005}_{-0.005}$. It is mentioned here that equation state parameter lies within the ranges $-1\\mp0.00005$ for $u=2, 1$ and $(-1.12,-1), (-5,-1)$ for $u=-1,-2$, respectively. Also, $\\omega_{\\vartheta}-\\omega'_{\\vartheta}$ planes provide $\\Lambda$CDM limit, freezing and thawing regions for all cases of $u$. It is also interesting to mention here that $\\omega_{\\va...

Jawad, Abdul

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Similarities and Differences between Coronal Holes and the Quiet Sun: Are Loop Statistics the Key?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coronal holes (CH) emit significantly less at coronal temperatures than quiet-Sun regions (QS), but can hardly be distinguished in most chromospheric and lower transition region lines. A key quantity for the understanding of this phenomenon is the magnetic field. We use data from SOHO/MDI to reconstruct the magnetic field in coronal holes and the quiet Sun with the help of a potential magnetic model. Starting from a regular grid on the solar surface we then trace field lines, which provide the overall geometry of the 3D magnetic field structure. We distinguish between open and closed field lines, with the closed field lines being assumed to represent magnetic loops. We then try to compute some properties of coronal loops. The loops in the coronal holes (CH) are found to be on average flatter than in the QS. High and long closed loops are extremely rare, whereas short and low-lying loops are almost as abundant in coronal holes as in the quiet Sun. When interpreted in the light of loop scaling laws this result suggests an explanation for the relatively strong chromospheric and transition region emission (many low-lying, short loops), but the weak coronal emission (few high and long loops) in coronal holes. In spite of this contrast our calculations also suggest that a significant fraction of the cool emission in CHs comes from the open flux regions. Despite these insights provided by the magnetic field line statistics further work is needed to obtain a definite answer to the question if loop statistics explain the differences between coronal holes and the quiet Sun.

T. Wiegelmann; S. K. Solanki

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF TWO FLARE LOOPS OBSERVED BY AIA AND EIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze and model an M1.0 flare observed by SDO/AIA and Hinode/EIS to investigate how flare loops are heated and evolve subsequently. The flare is composed of two distinctive loop systems observed in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) images. The UV 1600 A emission at the feet of these loops exhibits a rapid rise, followed by enhanced emission in different EUV channels observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). Such behavior is indicative of impulsive energy deposit and the subsequent response in overlying coronal loops that evolve through different temperatures. Using the method we recently developed, we infer empirical heating functions from the rapid rise of the UV light curves for the two loop systems, respectively, treating them as two big loops with cross-sectional area of 5'' by 5'', and compute the plasma evolution in the loops using the EBTEL model. We compute the synthetic EUV light curves, which, with the limitation of the model, reasonably agree with observed light curves obtained in multiple AIA channels and EIS lines: they show the same evolution trend and their magnitudes are comparable by within a factor of two. Furthermore, we also compare the computed mean enthalpy flow velocity with the Doppler shift measurements by EIS during the decay phase of the two loops. Our results suggest that the two different loops with different heating functions as inferred from their footpoint UV emission, combined with their different lengths as measured from imaging observations, give rise to different coronal plasma evolution patterns captured both in the model and in observations.

Li, Y.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Qiu, J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

Two-loop corrections to the potential of a pointlike charge in a superstrong magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential of the pointlike charge in a superstrong homogeneous magnetic field B Much-Greater-Than m{sub e}{sup 2}/e{sup 3} Almost-Equal-To 6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} G is considered. It is well known that Coulomb potential is significantly modified by taking into account vacuum polarization (calculated in one loop approximation). We consider electron selfenergy and correction to the vertex function at one loop, and show that these diagrams are not enhanced by magnetic field like eB.We calculate two-loop corrections to the vacuum polarization and find that these contributions are small.

Godunov, S. I., E-mail: sgodunov@itep.ru [All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (RRIA) (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Exact beta function from the holographic loop equation of large-N QCD_4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct and study a previously defined quantum holographic effective action whose critical equation implies the holographic loop equation of large-N QCD_4 for planar self-avoiding loops in a certain regularization scheme. We extract from the effective action the exact beta function in the given scheme. For the Wilsonean coupling constant the beta function is exacly one loop and the first coefficient agrees with its value in perturbation theory. For the canonical coupling constant the exact beta function has a NSVZ form and the first two coefficients agree with their value in perturbation theory.

Marco Bochicchio

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

293

Scalable boson-sampling with time-bin encoding using a loop-based architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an architecture for arbitrarily scalable boson-sampling using two nested fiber loops. The architecture has fixed experimental complexity, irrespective of the size of the desired interferometer, whose scale is limited only by fiber and switch loss rates. The architecture employs time-bin encoding, whereby the incident photons form a pulse train, which enters the loops. Dynamically controlled loop coupling ratios allow the construction of the arbitrary linear optics interferometers required for boson-sampling. The architecture employs only a single point of interference and may thus be easier to stabilize than other approaches. The scheme has polynomial complexity and could be realized using demonstrated present-day technologies.

Keith R. Motes; Alexei Gilchrist; Jonathan P. Dowling; Peter P. Rohde

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

294

Gas Test Loop Facilities Alternatives Assessment Report Rev 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important task in the Gas Test Loop (GTL) conceptual design was to determine the best facility to serve as host for this apparatus, which will allow fast-flux neutron testing in an existing nuclear facility. A survey was undertaken of domestic and foreign nuclear reactors and accelerator facilities to arrive at that determination. Two major research reactors in the U.S. were considered in detail, the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) and the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), each with sufficient power to attain the required neutron fluxes. HFIR routinely operates near its design power limit of 100 MW. ATR has traditionally operated at less than half its design power limit of 250 MW. Both of these reactors should be available for at least the next 30 years. The other major U.S. research reactor, the Missouri University Research Reactor, does not have sufficient power to reach the required neutron flux nor do the smaller research reactors. Of the foreign reactors investigated, BOR-60 is perhaps the most attractive. Monju and BN 600 are power reactors for their respective electrical grids. Although the Joyo reactor is vigorously campaigning for customers, local laws regarding transport of radioactive material mean it would be very difficult to retrieve test articles from either Japanese reactor for post irradiation examination. PHENIX is scheduled to close in 2008 and is fully booked until then. FBTR is limited to domestic (Indian) users only. Data quality is often suspect in Russia. The only accelerator seriously considered was the Fuel and Material Test Station (FMTS) currently proposed for operation at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The neutron spectrum in FMTS is similar to that found in a fast reactor, but it has a pronounced high-energy tail that is atypical of fast fission reactor spectra. First irradiation in the FMTS is being contemplated for 2008. Detailed review of these facilities resulted in the recommendation that the ATR would be the best host for the GTL.

William J. Skerjanc; William F. Skerjanc

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

An investigation of synthetic fuel production via chemical looping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels with a reduced greenhouse gas emissions profile would ease the transition to a carbon-neutral energy sector with the transportation industry being the immediate beneficiary followed by the power industry. Revolutionary solutions in transportation, such as electricity and hydrogen, depend on the deployment of carbon capture and storage technologies and/or renewable energy systems. Additionally, high oil prices may increase the development of unconventional sources, such as tar sands, that have a higher emissions profile. One process that is gaining interest is a system for producing reduced carbon fuels though chemical looping technologies. An investigation of the implications of such a process using methane and carbon dioxide that is reformed to yield methanol has been done. An important aspect of the investigation is the use of off-the-shelf technologies to achieve the results. The ability of the process to yield reduced emissions fuels depends on the source for the feed and process heat. For the range of conditions considered, the emissions profile of methanol produced in this method varies from 0.475 to 1.645 moles carbon dioxide per mole methanol. The thermal load can be provided by methane, coal or carbon neutral (biogas). The upper bound can be lowered to 0.750 by applying CCS and/or using nonfossil heat sources for the reforming. The process provides an initial pathway to incorporate CO{sub 2} into fuels independent of electrolytic hydrogen or developments in other sectors of the economy. 22 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Frank Zeman; Marco Castaldi [Columbia University, New York, NY (United States). Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) system customer interface document.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Solar Thermal Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories has a unique test capability called the Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) system. MSTL is a test capability that allows customers and researchers to test components in flowing, molten nitrate salt. The components tested can range from materials samples, to individual components such as flex hoses, ball joints, and valves, up to full solar collecting systems such as central receiver panels, parabolic troughs, or linear Fresnel systems. MSTL provides realistic conditions similar to a portion of a concentrating solar power facility. The facility currently uses 60/40 nitrate %E2%80%9Csolar salt%E2%80%9D and can circulate the salt at pressure up to 40 bar (600psi), temperature to 585%C2%B0C, and flow rate of 44-50kg/s(400-600GPM) depending on temperature. The purpose of this document is to provide a basis for customers to evaluate the applicability to their testing needs, and to provide an outline of expectations for conducting testing on MSTL. The document can serve as the basis for testing agreements including Work for Others (WFO) and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA). While this document provides the basis for these agreements and describes some of the requirements for testing using MSTL and on the site at Sandia, the document is not sufficient by itself as a test agreement. The document, however, does provide customers with a uniform set of information to begin the test planning process.

Gill, David Dennis; Kolb, William J.; Briggs, Ronald D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Results from tests of TFL Hydragard sampling loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is operational, processed radioactive sludge will be transferred in batches to the Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME), where glass frit will be added and the contents concentrated by boiling. Batches of the slurry mixture are transferred from the SME to the Melter Feed Tank (MFT). Hydragard{reg_sign} sampling systems are used on the SME and the MFT for collecting slurry samples in vials for chemical analysis. An accurate replica of the Hydragard sampling system was built and tested in the thermal Fluids Laboratory (TFL) to determine the hydragard accuracy. It was determined that the original Hydragard valve frequently drew a non-representative sample stream through the sample vial that ranged from frit enriched to frit depleted. The Hydragard valve was modified by moving the plunger and its seat backwards so that the outer surface of the plunger was flush with the inside diameter of the transfer line when the valve was open. The slurry flowing through the vial accurately represented the composition of the slurry in the reservoir for two types of slurries, different dilution factors, a range of transfer flows and a range of vial flows. It was then found that the 15 ml of slurry left in the vial when the Hydragard valve was closed, which is what will be analyzed at DWPF, had a lower ratio of frit to sludge as characterized by the lithium to iron ratio than the slurry flowing through it. The reason for these differences is not understood at this time but it is recommended that additional experimentation be performed with the TFL Hydragard loop to determine the cause.

Steimke, J.L.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Development of Computational Approaches for Simulation and Advanced Controls for Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the results of the project through September 2009. The Phase I project has recently been extended from September 2009 to March 2011. The project extension will begin work on Chemical Looping (CL) Prototype modeling and advanced control design exploration in preparation for a scale-up phase. The results to date include: successful development of dual loop chemical looping process models and dynamic simulation software tools, development and test of several advanced control concepts and applications for Chemical Looping transport control and investigation of several sensor concepts and establishment of two feasible sensor candidates recommended for further prototype development and controls integration. There are three sections in this summary and conclusions. Section 1 presents the project scope and objectives. Section 2 highlights the detailed accomplishments by project task area. Section 3 provides conclusions to date and recommendations for future work.

Joshi, Abhinaya; Lou, Xinsheng; Neuschaefer, Carl; Chaudry, Majid; Quinn, Joseph

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Development of a compensation chamber for use in a multiple condenser loop heat pipe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of many electronic devices is presently limited by heat dissipation rates. One potential solution lies in high-performance air-cooled heat exchangers like PHUMP, the multiple condenser loop heat pipe presented ...

Roche, Nicholas Albert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

MPCI: the capabilities of closed loop process identification by establishing a new paradigm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model predictive control and identification (MPCI) is a new class of adaptive controllers, that employ the following on-line optimization to perform closed-loop identification and controller adaptation : at each time step minimize an objective...

Eker, Sukru Alper

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Closed-loop Real-time Control of a Novel Linear Magnetostrictive Actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design of various closed-loop real-time control of a novel linear magnetostrictive actuator. The novel linear magnetostrictive actuator which uses Terfenol-D as the magnetostrictive material was developed by Sadighi...

Chen, Chien-Fan

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Two-phase flow visualization in a transparent, atmospheric pressure, boiling water loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Simulant Boiling Flow Visualization (SBFV) loop, a transparent, atmospheric pressure test apparatus employing boiling water as a simulant for boiling liquid sodium, has been designed and operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The objective of testing in this loop has been to study two-phase flow behavior that is phenomenologically similar to that observed in sodium boiling experiments, as part of the US Department of Energy Breeder Reactor Safety Program. A detailed description of the design of the SBFV loop is presented, as well as experimental results that show the similarity between low-power boiling behavior in water and liquid sodium. Future tests are planned in a seven-pin flow visualization bundle that will be installed in the SBFV loop. The design of this bundle is also discussed.

Levin, A.E.; Carbajo, J.J.; Montgomery, B.H.; Wantland, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A steady state analysis code for prediction of behavior in loop heat pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to prepare an analysis raphics. code for the prediction of Loop Heat Pipe (LHP) behavior in steady-state operation. The FORTRAN program is then benchmarked with experimental data obtained in two orientations: 1...

Hamm, Trenton Allen

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

ICFT- An Initial Closed-Loop Flow Test of the Fenton Hill Phase...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ICFT- An Initial Closed-Loop Flow Test of the Fenton Hill Phase II HDR Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: ICFT- An Initial...

305

Closed-loop, variable-valve-timing control of a controlled-auto-ignition engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to develop a closed-loop controller for use on a Controlled-Auto- Ignition (CAI) / Spark-Ignition (SI) mixed mode engine equipped with a variable-valve-timing (VVT) mechanism. The controller ...

Matthews, Jeffrey A., 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Development of Real-time Closed-loop Control Algorithms for Grid-scale Battery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i Development of Real-time Closed-loop Control Algorithms for Grid-scale Battery Energy Storage Systems Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy ................................................................................................. 23 6.2. Data Storage

307

Approximate inference on planar graphs using loop calculus and belief progagation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce novel results for approximate inference on planar graphical models using the loop calculus framework. The loop calculus (Chertkov and Chernyak, 2006b) allows to express the exact partition function Z of a graphical model as a finite sum of terms that can be evaluated once the belief propagation (BP) solution is known. In general, full summation over all correction terms is intractable. We develop an algorithm for the approach presented in Chertkov et al. (2008) which represents an efficient truncation scheme on planar graphs and a new representation of the series in terms of Pfaffians of matrices. We analyze in detail both the loop series and the Pfaffian series for models with binary variables and pairwise interactions, and show that the first term of the Pfaffian series can provide very accurate approximations. The algorithm outperforms previous truncation schemes of the loop series and is competitive with other state-of-the-art methods for approximate inference.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Vicenc [RADBOUD UNIV; Kappen, Hilbert [RADBOUD UNIV

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Rotary bed reactor for chemical-looping combustion with carbon capture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a novel and promising technology for power generation with inherent CO2 capture. Currently almost all the research has been focused on developing CLC based inter-connected fluidized bed ...

Zhao, Zhenlong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Control Strategy for a Dual Loop EGR System to Meet Euro 6 and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LP- EGR Cooler EGR Mixer HP- EGR Cooler VTG I4 diesel engine, common rail EGR & Turbo Charging System Architecture Base "Dual Loop" EGR system Layout Base engine HW: 2L...

310

Design, fabrication, and characterization of a multi-condenser loop heat pipe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A condenser design was characterized for a multi-condenser loop heat pipe (LHP) capable of dissipating 1000 W. The LHP was designed for integration into a high performance aircooled heat sink to address thermal management ...

Hanks, Daniel Frank

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - afferent loop occlusion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: to rely on peripheral afferent signals to obtain this state information. Such a process would be time... consum- ing due to long time delays in sensorimotor control loops...

312

Steelcase's Closed-Loop Energy Recovery System Results in $250,000 Savings Annually  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steelcase Inc. put a closed-loop energy recovery system into operation in August, 1980, with the installation of a $1.1 million waste incinerator. The system provides steam for process applications in the company's main complex. Processable waste...

Wege, P. M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Large rank Wilson loops in N=2 superconformal QCD at strong coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the expectation values of circular Wilson loops in large representations at strong coupling, in the large-N limit of the N=2 superconformal theory with SU(N) gauge group and 2N hypermultiplets. Employing Pestun's matrix integral, we focus attention on symmetric and antisymmetric representations with ranks of order N. We find that large rank antisymmetric loops are independent of the coupling at strong 't Hooft coupling while symmetric Wilson loops grow exponentially with it. Symmetric loops display a non-analyticity as a function of the rank, characterized by the splitting of a single matrix model eigenvalue from the continuum, bearing close resemblance to Bose-Einstein condensation in an ideal gas. We discuss implications of these for a putative large-N string dual. The method of calculation we adopt makes explicit the connection to Fermi and Bose gas descriptions and also suggests a tantalizing connection of the above system to a multichannel Kondo model.

Benedict Fraser; S. Prem Kumar

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

314

Progress in an oxygen-carrier reaction kinetics experiment for rotary-bed chemical looping combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design process for an experimental platform measuring reaction kinetics in a chemical looping combustion (CLC) process is documented and justified. To enable an experiment designed to characterize the reaction kinetics ...

Jester-Weinstein, Jack (Jack L.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Testing of a loop heat pipe experimental apparatus under varied acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental apparatus was designed and fabricated to test a Loop Heat Pipe under varied acceleration. The experiment consisted of both flight and ground testing as well as comparisons to a model developed from models found in literature...

Kurwitz, Richard Cable

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

HRP-CP: SUMMARY OF DESIGN CRITERIA AND PURPOSES OF LOOP 3-SOLID...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SEPARATOR LOOP Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Carter, W. L. Temp Data Storage 3: Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US) Short URL for this Page http:t.osti.gov3r6...

317

New Developments in Closed Loop Combustion Control Using Flue Gas Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New developments in closed loop combustion control are causing radical changes in the way combustion control systems are implemented. The recent availability of in line flue gas analyzers and microprocessor technology are teaming up to produce...

Nelson, R. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Looping and reconfiguration dynamics of a flexible chain with internal friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent past, experiments and simulations have suggested that apart from the solvent friction, friction arising from the protein itself plays an important role in protein folding by affecting the intra-chain loop formation dynamics. This friction is termed as internal friction in the literature. Using a flexible Gaussian chain with internal friction we analyze the intra- chain reconfiguration and loop formation times for all three topology classes namely end-to- end, end-to-interior and interior-to-interior. In a nutshell, bypassing expensive simulations we show how simple models like that of Rouse and Zimm can support the single molecule experiment and computer simulation results on intra-chain diffusion coefficients, looping time and even can predict the effects of tail length on the looping time.

Nairhita Samanta; Jayanta Ghosh; Rajarshi Chakrabarti

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

319

Microfluidic device incorporating closed loop feedback control for uniform and tunable production of micro-droplets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic device incorporating closed loop feedback control for uniform and tunable production, we have designed a microfluidic-based technology utilizing elementary microchannel geometries initial development using flow-focusing microfluidic geometry for droplet formation, computer

Rothstein, Jonathan

320

Two-loop self-energy correction in high-Z hydrogen-like ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A complete evaluation of the two-loop self-energy diagrams to all orders in Z\\alpha is presented for the ground state of H-like ions with Z\\ge 40.

V. A. Yerokhin; P. Indelicato; V. M. Shabaev

2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Infrared behaviour of the one-loop scattering equations and supergravity integrands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recently introduced ambitwistor string led to a striking proposal for one-loop maximal supergravity amplitudes, localised on the solutions of the ambitwistor one-loop scattering equations. However, these amplitudes have not yet been explicitly analysed due to the apparent complexity of the equations that determine the localisation. In this paper we propose an analytic solution to the four-point one-loop scattering equations in the infrared (IR) regime of the amplitude. Using this solution, we compute the ambitwistor integrand and demonstrate that it correctly reproduces the four-graviton integrand, in the IR regime. This solution qualitatively extends to n points. To conclude, we explain that the ambitwistor one-loop scattering equations actually correspond to the standard Gross & Mende saddle point.

Casali, Eduardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Constituent Quarks and Gluons, Polyakov loop and the Hadron Resonance Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on first principle QCD arguments, it has been argued in arXiv:1204.2424[hep-ph] that the vacuum expectation value of the Polyakov loop can be represented in the hadron resonance gas model. We study this within the Polyakov-constituent quark model by implementing the quantum and local nature of the Polyakov loop hep-ph/0412308, hep-ph/0607338. The existence of exotic states in the spectrum is discussed.

E. Megias; E. Ruiz Arriola; L. L. Salcedo

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

323

Optimal open-loop and feedback control of spacecraft using single gimbal control moment gyroscopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPTIMAL OPEN-LOOP AND FEEDBACK CONTROL OF SPACECRAFT USING SINGLE GIMBAL CONTROL MOMENT GYROSCOPES A Thesis by Brian Ray Hoelscher Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering OPTIMAL OPEN-LOOP AND FEEDBACK CONTROL OF SPACECRAFT USING SINGLE GIMBAL CONTROL MOMENT GYROSCOPES A Thesis by Brian Ray Hoelscher Approved as to style and content by...

Hoelscher, Brian Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season. Upon completion of the monitoring phase, measurements revealed that the initial TRNSYS simulated horizontal sub-slab ground loop heat exchanger fluid temperatures and heat transfer rates differed from the measured values. To determine the cause of this discrepancy, an updated model was developed utilizing a new TRNSYS subroutine for simulating sub-slab heat exchangers. Measurements of fluid temperature, soil temperature, and heat transfer were used to validate the updated model.

Mittereder, N.; Poerschke, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Phase loop bandwidth measurements on the advanced photon source 352 MHz rf systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase loop bandwidth tests were performed on the Advanced Photon Source storage ring 352-MHz rf systems. These measurements were made using the HP3563A Control Systems Analyzer, with the rf systems running at 30 kilowatts into each of the storage ring cavities, without stored beam. An electronic phase shifter was used to inject approximately 14 degrees of stimulated phase shift into the low-level rf system, which produced measureable response voltage in the feedback loops without upsetting normal rf system operation. With the PID (proportional-integral-differential) amplifier settings at the values used during accelerator operation, the measurement data revealed that the 3-dB response for the cavity sum and klystron power-phase loops is approximately 7 kHz and 45 kHz, respectively, with the cavities the primary bandwidth-limiting factor in the cavity-sum loop. Data were taken at various PID settings until the loops became unstable. Crosstalk between the two phase loops was measured.

Horan, D.; Nassiri, A.; Schwartz, C.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Partial Reflection and Trapping of a Fast-mode Wave in Solar Coronal Arcade Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first direct observation of a fast-mode wave propagating along and perpendicular to cool (171 {\\AA}) arcade loops observed by the SDO/AIA. The wave was associated with an impulsive/compact flare, near the edge of a sunspot. The EUV wavefront expanded radially outward from the flare center and decelerated in the corona from 1060-760 km/s within ~3-4 minute. Part of the EUV wave propagated along a large-scale arcade of cool loops and was partially reflected back to the flare site. The phase speed of the wave was about 1450 km/s, which is interpreted as a fast-mode wave. A second overlying loop arcade, orientated perpendicular to the cool arcade, is heated and becomes visible in the AIA hot channels. These hot loops sway in time with the EUV wave, as it propagated to and fro along the lower loop arcade. We suggest that an impulsive energy release at one of the footpoints of the arcade loops causes the onset of an EUV shock wave that propagates along and perpendicular to the magnetic field.

Kumar, Pankaj

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Performance of a Thermally Stable Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon in a Simulated Concentrating Solar Power Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polyaromatic hydrocarbon thermal fluids showing thermally stability to 600 C have been tested for solar thermal-power applications. Although static thermal tests showed promising results for 1-phenylnaphthalene, loop testing at temperatures to 450 C indicated that the fluid isomerized and degraded at a slow rate. In a loop with a temperature high enough to drive the isomerization, the higher melting point byproducts tended to condense onto cooler surfaces. So, as experienced in loop operation, eventually the internal channels of cooler components in trough solar electric generating systems, such as the waste heat rejection exchanger, may become coated or clogged affecting loop performance. Thus, pure 1-phenylnaphthalene, without addition of stabilizers, does not appear to be a fluid that would have a sufficiently long lifetime (years to decades) to be used in a loop at the temperatures greater than 500 C. The performance of a concentrating solar loop using high temperature fluids was modeled based on the National Renewable Laboratory Solar Advisory Model. It was determined that a solar-to-electricity efficiency of up to 30% and a capacity factor of near 60% could be achieved using a high efficiency collector and 12 h thermal energy storage.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL] [ORNL; Bell, Jason R [ORNL] [ORNL; Felde, David K [ORNL] [ORNL; Joseph III, Robert Anthony [ORNL] [ORNL; Qualls, A L [ORNL] [ORNL; Weaver, Samuel P [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Knots and numbers in $\\phi^{4}$ theory to 7 loops and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate all the primitive divergences contributing to the 7--loop \\beta\\/--function of \\phi^4 theory, i.e.\\ all 59 diagrams that are free of subdivergences and hence give scheme--independent contributions. Guided by the association of diagrams with knots, we obtain analytical results for 56 diagrams. The remaining three diagrams, associated with the knots 10_{124}, 10_{139}, and 10_{152}, are evaluated numerically, to 10 sf. Only one satellite knot with 11 crossings is encountered and the transcendental number associated with it is found. Thus we achieve an analytical result for the 6--loop contributions, and a numerical result at 7 loops that is accurate to one part in 10^{11}. The series of `zig--zag' counterterms, \\{6\\zeta_3,\\,20\\zeta_5,\\, \\frac{441}{8}\\zeta_7,\\,168\\zeta_9,\\,\\ldots\\} previously known for n=3,4,5,6 loops, is evaluated to 10 loops, corresponding to 17 crossings, revealing that the n\\/--loop zig--zag term is 4C_{n-1} \\sum_{p>0}\\frac{(-1)^{p n - n}}{p^{2n-3}}, where C_n=\\frac{1}{n+1}{2n \\c...

Broadhurst, D J; Broadhurst, D J; Kreimer, D

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Thermal hydraulic calculations to support increase in operating power in McClellan Nuclear Radiation Center(MNRC) TRIGA reactor.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 2.0 MW. The calculation results show the reactor to havecalculations performed by others. Core loading data and measured fhel temperatures for a Bangladesh reactor

Jensen, R. T.; Newell, Daniel L.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

SOLAR CORONA LOOP STUDIES WITH THE ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY. I. CROSS-SECTIONAL TEMPERATURE STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a first systematic study on the cross-sectional temperature structure of coronal loops using the six coronal temperature filters of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We analyze a sample of 100 loop snapshots measured at 10 different locations and 10 different times in active region NOAA 11089 on 2010 July 24, 21:00-22:00 UT. The cross-sectional flux profiles are measured and a cospatial background is subtracted in six filters in a temperature range of T {approx} 0.5-16 MK, and four different parameterizations of differential emission measure (DEM) distributions are fitted. We find that the reconstructed DEMs consist predominantly of narrowband peak temperature components with a thermal width of {sigma}{sub log(T)} {<=} 0.11 {+-} 0.02, close to the temperature resolution limit of the instrument, consistent with earlier triple-filter analysis from the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer by Aschwanden and Nightingale and from EIS/Hinode by Warren et al. or Tripathi et al. We find that 66% of the loops could be fitted with a narrowband single-Gaussian DEM model, and 19% with a DEM consisting of two narrowband Gaussians (which mostly result from pairs of intersecting loops along the same line of sight). The mostly isothermal loop DEMs allow us also to derive an improved empirical response function of the AIA 94 A filter, which needs to be boosted by a factor of q{sub 94} = 6.7 {+-} 1.7 for temperatures at log (T) {approx}< 6.3. The main result of near-isothermal loop cross-sections is not consistent with the predictions of standard nanoflare scenarios, but can be explained by flare-like heating mechanisms that drive chromospheric evaporation and upflows of heated plasma coherently over loop cross-sections of w {approx} 2-4 Mm.

Aschwanden, Markus J.; Boerner, Paul, E-mail: aschwanden@lmsal.com [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

Floating Refrigerant Loop Based on R-134a Refrigerant Cooling of High-Heat Flux Electronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) have been developing technologies to address the thermal issues associated with hybrid vehicles. Removal of the heat generated from electrical losses in traction motors and their associated power electronics is essential for the reliable operation of motors and power electronics. As part of a larger thermal control project, which includes shrinking inverter size and direct cooling of electronics, ORNL has developed U.S. Patent No. 6,772,603 B2, ''Methods and Apparatus for Thermal Management of Vehicle Systems and Components'' [1], and patent pending, ''Floating Loop System for Cooling Integrated Motors and Inverters Using Hot Liquid Refrigerant'' [2]. The floating-loop system provides a large coefficient of performance (COP) for hybrid-drive component cooling. This loop (based on R-134a) is integrated with a vehicle's existing air-conditioning (AC) condenser, which dissipates waste heat to the ambient air. Because the temperature requirements for cooling of power electronics and electric machines are not as low as that required for passenger compartment air, this adjoining loop can operate on the high-pressure side of the existing AC system. This arrangement also allows the floating loop to run without the need for the compressor and only needs a small pump to move the liquid refrigerant. For the design to be viable, the loop must not adversely affect the existing system. The loop should also provide a high COP, a flat-temperature profile, and low-pressure drop. To date, the floating-loop test prototype has successfully removed 2 kW of heat load in a 9 kW automobile passenger AC system with and without the automotive AC system running. The COP for the tested floating-loop system ranges from 40-45, as compared to a typical AC system COP of about 2-4. The estimated required waste-heat load for future hybrid applications is 5.5 kW and the existing system could be easily scaleable for this larger load.

Lowe, K.T.

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Conceptual Design of Forced Convection Molten Salt Heat Transfer Testing Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report develops a proposal to design and construct a forced convection test loop. A detailed test plan will then be conducted to obtain data on heat transfer, thermodynamic, and corrosion characteristics of the molten salts and fluid-solid interaction. In particular, this report outlines an experimental research and development test plan. The most important initial requirement for heat transfer test of molten salt systems is the establishment of reference coolant materials to use in the experiments. An earlier report produced within the same project highlighted how thermophysical properties of the materials that directly impact the heat transfer behavior are strongly correlated to the composition and impurities concentration of the melt. It is therefore essential to establish laboratory techniques that can measure the melt composition, and to develop purification methods that would allow the production of large quantities of coolant with the desired purity. A companion report describes the options available to reach such objectives. In particular, that report outlines an experimental research and development test plan that would include following steps: Molten Salts: The candidate molten salts for investigation will be selected. Materials of Construction: Materials of construction for the test loop, heat exchangers, and fluid-solid corrosion tests in the test loop will also be selected. Scaling Analysis: Scaling analysis to design the test loop will be performed. Test Plan: A comprehensive test plan to include all the tests that are being planned in the short and long term time frame will be developed. Design the Test Loop: The forced convection test loop will be designed including extensive mechanical design, instrument selection, data acquisition system, safety requirements, and related precautionary measures. Fabricate the Test Loop. Perform the Tests. Uncertainty Analysis: As a part of the data collection, uncertainty analysis will be performed to develop probability of confidence in what is measured in the test loop. Overall, the testing loop will allow development of needed heat transfer related thermophysical parameters for all the salts, validate existing correlations, validate measuring instruments under harsh environment, and have extensive corrosion testing of materials of construction.

Manohar S. Sohal; Piyush Sabharwall; Pattrick Calderoni; Alan K. Wertsching; S. Brandon Grover

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

COMBINING PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND CORONAL HEATING VIA DATA-CONSTRAINED CALCULATIONS OF NANOFLARES IN CORONAL LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We model nanoflare heating of extrapolated active-region coronal loops via the acceleration of electrons and protons in Harris-type current sheets. The kinetic energy of the accelerated particles is estimated using semi-analytical and test-particle-tracing approaches. Vector magnetograms and photospheric Doppler velocity maps of NOAA active region 09114, recorded by the Imaging Vector Magnetograph, were used for this analysis. A current-free field extrapolation of the active-region corona was first constructed. The corresponding Poynting fluxes at the footpoints of 5000 extrapolated coronal loops were then calculated. Assuming that reconnecting current sheets develop along these loops, we utilized previous results to estimate the kinetic energy gain of the accelerated particles. We related this energy to nanoflare heating and macroscopic loop characteristics. Kinetic energies of 0.1-8 keV (for electrons) and 0.3-470 keV (for protons) were found to cause heating rates ranging from 10{sup -6} to 1 erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -3}. Hydrodynamic simulations show that such heating rates can sustain plasma in coronal conditions inside the loops and generate plasma thermal distributions that are consistent with active-region observations. We concluded the analysis by computing the form of X-ray spectra generated by the accelerated electrons using the thick-target approach. These spectra were found to be in agreement with observed X-ray spectra, thus supporting the plausibility of our nanoflare-heating scenario.

Gontikakis, C.; Efthymiopoulos, C.; Georgoulis, M. K. [Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Academy of Athens, Soranou Efessiou 4, 11528 Athens (Greece); Patsourakos, S. [Section of Astro-Geophysics, Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina (Greece); Anastasiadis, A., E-mail: cgontik@academyofathens.gr [National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, GR-15236, Palaia Penteli (Greece)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

334

Understanding the grafting of telechelic polymers on a solid substrate to form loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experimental and theoretical studies have demonstrated that relative to singly tethered chains, the presence of polymer loops at interfaces significantly improves interfacial properties such as adhesion, friction, and wettability. In the present study, a simple system was studied to examine the formation of polymeric loops on a solid surface, where the grafting of carboxylic acid terminated telechelic polystyrene from the melt to an epoxy functionalized silicon is chosen. The impact of telechelic molecular weight, grafting temperature, and surface functionality on the telechelic attachment process is studied. It was found that grafting of the telechelic to the surface at both ends to form loops is the primary product of this grafting process. Moreover, examination of the kinetics of the grafting process indicates that it is reaction controlled. Fluorescence tagging of the dangling ends of singly bound chains provides a mechanism to monitor their time evolution during grafting, and these results indicate that the grafting process is accurately described by recent Monte Carlo simulation work. The results also provide a method to control the extent of loop formation at interfaces and therefore provide an opportunity to further understand the role of the loops in the interfacial properties in multicomponent polymer systems.

Huang, Zhenyu [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Ji, Haining [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC MODELING OF PROPAGATING DISTURBANCES IN FAN-LIKE CORONAL LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quasi-periodic propagating intensity disturbances (PDs) have been observed in large coronal loops in EUV images over a decade, and are widely accepted to be slow magnetosonic waves. However, spectroscopic observations from Hinode/EIS revealed their association with persistent coronal upflows, making this interpretation debatable. Motivated by the scenario that the coronal upflows could be the cumulative result of numerous individual flow pulses generated by sporadic heating events (nanoflares) at the loop base, we construct a velocity driver with repetitive tiny pulses, whose energy frequency distribution follows the flare power-law scaling. We then perform three-dimensional MHD modeling of an idealized bipolar active region by applying this broadband velocity driver at the footpoints of large coronal loops which appear open in the computational domain. Our model successfully reproduces the PDs with similar features as the observed, and shows that any upflow pulses inevitably excite slow magnetosonic wave disturbances propagating along the loop. We find that the generated PDs are dominated by the wave signature as their propagation speeds are consistent with the wave speed in the presence of flows, and the injected flows rapidly decelerate with height. Our simulation results suggest that the observed PDs and associated persistent upflows may be produced by small-scale impulsive heating events (nanoflares) at the loop base in the corona, and that the flows and waves may both contribute to the PDs at lower heights.

Wang, Tongjiang; Ofman, Leon [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20064 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Davila, Joseph M., E-mail: tongjiang.wang@nasa.gov [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20770 (United States)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

336

A development of an accelerator board dedicated for multi-precision arithmetic operations and its application to Feynman loop integrals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher order corrections in perturbative quantum field theory are required for precise theoretical analysis to investigate new physics beyond the Standard Model. This indicates that we need to evaluate Feynman loop diagram with multi-loop integral which may require multi-precision calculation. We developed a dedicated accelerator system for multi-precision calculation (GRAPE9-MPX). We present performance results of our system for the case of Feynman two-loop box and three-loop selfenergy diagrams with multi-precision.

Shinji Motoki; Hiroshi Daisaka; Naohito Nakasato; Tadashi Ishikawa; Fukuko Yuasa; Toshiyuki Fukushige; Atsushi Kawai; Junichiro Makino

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

337

Delayed neutron noise characteristics of an in-pile fission product loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on delayed neutron noise measurements carried out in an in-pile sodium loop, the Fission Product Loop 2 (FPL-2), installed on the Toshiba Training Reactor I. To clarify the characteristics and origin of delayed neutron count rate noise, a noise propagation mechanism was identified using a multivariate autoregressive model. The results show that a simulated fuel failure in the FPL-2, with recoil as the principal fission product release phenomena, produces a white spectrum of delayed neutron count rate noise. It was also found that the loop temperature fluctuation strongly affects the delayed neutron count rate noise at temperatures below 300{degrees} C, through the deposition of fission products on the surface of structures.

Tamaoki, T. (Toshiba Corp., Nuclear Engineering Lab., 8 Shin-Sugita, Isogo-ku, Yokohama 235 (JP)); Sakai, T.; Endo, H. (Toshiba Corp., Isogo Engineering Center, 8 Shin-Sugita, Isogo-ku, Yokohama 235 (JP)); Haga, K. (Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp., O-aral Engineering Center, 4002 Narita, O-araimachi, Ibaraki-ken 311-13 (JP)); Takahashi, R. (Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152 (JP))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Regulation loops for the ring magnet power supplies in the SSC accelerator complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SSC complex consists of five cascaded accelerators: The linear accelerator (linac) and four synchrotrons: The low energy booster (LEB), the medium energy booster (MEB), the high energy booster (HEB), and the collider. Twelve- or 24-pulse phase-controlled SCR power supplies are used to energize the ring magnets. Each power supply has a voltage loop designed to regulate the voltage applied to the magnets. The voltage regulation loops for these synchrotrons and the current regulation for the LEB are analyzed in this work. The digital voltage regulator is fiber-optic isolated from the power converter. It has a closed-loop bandwidth of 150 Hz with band rejections for 60-Hz and 120-Hz perturbations. The LEB has a very precise current regulation system composed of a feedforward compensator, a fast feedback regulator, and a slow synchronous regulator. The current regulation design is corroborated by computer simulations.

Tacconi, E.; Christiansen, C.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Lattice Free Energy of QCD with Clover Fermions, up to Three-Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the perturbative value of the free energy in Lattice QCD, up to three loops. Our calculation is performed using Wilson gluons and the Sheikholeslami - Wolhert (clover) improved action for fermions. The free energy is directly related to the average plaquette. To carry out the calculation, we compute all relevant Feynman diagrams up to 3 loops, using a set of automated procedures in Mathematica; numerical evaluation of the resulting loop integrals is performed on finite lattice, with subsequent extrapolation to infinite size. The results are presented as a function of the fermion mass m, for any SU(N_c) gauge group, and for an arbitrary number of fermion flavors. In order to enable independent comparisons, we also provide the results on a per diagram basis, for a specific mass value.

A. Athenodorou; H. Panagopoulos; A. Tsapalis

2007-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

340

A digital optical phase-locked loop for diode lasers based on field programmable gate array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have designed and implemented a highly digital optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for diode lasers in atom interferometry. The three parts of controlling circuit in this OPLL, including phase and frequency detector (PFD), loop filter and proportional integral derivative (PID) controller, are implemented in a single field programmable gate array chip. A structure type compatible with the model MAX9382/MCH12140 is chosen for PFD and pipeline and parallelism technology have been adapted in PID controller. Especially, high speed clock and twisted ring counter have been integrated in the most crucial part, the loop filter. This OPLL has the narrow beat note line width below 1 Hz, residual mean-square phase error of 0.14 rad{sup 2} and transition time of 100 {mu}s under 10 MHz frequency step. A main innovation of this design is the completely digitalization of the whole controlling circuit in OPLL for diode lasers.

Xu Zhouxiang; Zhang Xian; Huang Kaikai; Lu Xuanhui [Physics Department, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027 (China)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Two-loop correction to the Higgs boson mass in the MRSSM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the impact of two-loop corrections on the mass of the lightest Higgs boson in the Minimal R-symmetric Supersymmetric Standard Model (MRSSM). These shift the Higgs boson mass up by typically 5 GeV or more. The dominant corrections arise from strong interactions, from the gluon and its N=2 superpartners, the sgluon and Dirac gluino, and these corrections further increase with large Dirac gluino mass. The two-loop contributions governed purely by Yukawa couplings and the MRSSM $\\lambda,\\Lambda$ parameters are smaller. We also update an earlier analysis [Diessner:2014ksa], which showed that the MRSSM can accommodate the measured Higgs and W boson masses. Including the two-loop corrections increases the parameter space where the theory prediction agrees with the measurement.

Diessner, Philip; Kotlarski, Wojciech; Stckinger, Dominik

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Distribution of Loop Lengths in Graphical Models for Turbo Decoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Distribution of Loop Lengths in Graphical Models for Turbo Decoding Xianping Ge, David ¢¡£ ¢¡ ¡ ¤¡¥ ¢¡¦ ¢¡§ ¤¡¨ © £ © ¡ © ¥ © ¦ © § © ¨ £ £ £ ¡ £ ¥ £ ¦ £ § £ ¨ ¦ £ ¡ ¦ £ ¡ £ ¡ ¥ § ¨ £ ££ £ ¡ ¥ § ¨ £ ££ Fig. 1 The ADG model for a K = 6, N = 12, rate 1/2 turbo code. Abstract-- This paper analyzes the distribution of loop lengths in graphical models for turbo decoding. The prop- erties of such loops

Smyth, Padhraic

343

Breakdown of a topological phase: Quantum phase transition in a loop gas model with tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the stability of topological order against local perturbations by considering the effect of a magnetic field on a spin model -- the toric code -- which is in a topological phase. The model can be mapped onto a quantum loop gas where the perturbation introduces a bare loop tension. When the loop tension is small, the topological order survives. When it is large, it drives a continuous quantum phase transition into a magnetic state. The transition can be understood as the condensation of `magnetic' vortices, leading to confinement of the elementary `charge' excitations. We also show how the topological order breaks down when the system is coupled to an Ohmic heat bath and discuss our results in the context of quantum computation applications.

Simon Trebst; Philipp Werner; Matthias Troyer; Kirill Shtengel; Chetan Nayak

2006-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

344

Sensitivity of the blue loops of intermediate-mass stars to nuclear reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of a modification of the {sup 14}N(p,{gamma}){sup 15}O reaction rate, as suggested by recent evaluations, on the formation and extension of the blue loops encountered during the evolution of the stars in the mass range 5M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator} to 12M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator }. We show that the blue loops of stars in the mass range 5M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator} to 8M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator }, that is the range of super ABG stars, are severely affected by a modification of the important {sup 14}N(p,{gamma}){sup 15}O reaction rate. We also show that the blue loops can be restored if envelope overshooting is included, which is necessary to explain the observations of the Cepheid stars.

Halabi, Ghina M.; El Eid, Mounib [American University of Beirut, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut (Lebanon)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

345

Numerical Study of a Propagating Non-Thermal Microwave Feature in a Solar Flare Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analytically and numerically study the motion of electrons along a magnetic loop, to compare with the observation of the propagating feature of the non-thermal microwave source in the 1999 August 28 solar flare reported by Yokoyama et al. (2002). We model the electron motion with the Fokker-Planck equation and calculate the spatial distribution of the gyrosynchrotron radiation. We find that the microwave propagating feature does not correspond to the motion of electrons with a specific initial pitch angle. This apparent propagating feature is a consequence of the motion of an ensemble of electrons with different initial pitch angles, which have different time and position to produce strong radiation in the loop. We conclude that the non-thermal electrons in the 1999 August 28 flare were isotropically accelerated and then are injected into the loop.

T. Minoshima; T. Yokoyama

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Proposal for a Standard Interface Between Monte Carlo Tools And One-Loop Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many highly developed Monte Carlo tools for the evaluation of cross sections based on tree matrix elements exist and are used by experimental collaborations in high energy physics. As the evaluation of one-loop matrix elements has recently been undergoing enormous progress, the combination of one-loop matrix elements with existing Monte Carlo tools is on the horizon. This would lead to phenomenological predictions at the next-to-leading order level. This note summarises the discussion of the next-to-leading order multi-leg (NLM) working group on this issue which has been taking place during the workshop on Physics at TeV Colliders at Les Houches, France, in June 2009. The result is a proposal for a standard interface between Monte Carlo tools and one-loop matrix element programs.

Binoth, T.; /Edinburgh U.; Boudjema, F.; /Annecy, LAPP; Dissertori, G.; Lazopoulos, A.; /Zurich, ETH; Denner, A.; /PSI, Villigen; Dittmaier, S.; /Freiburg U.; Frederix, R.; Greiner, N.; Hoeche, Stefan; /Zurich U.; Giele, W.; Skands, P.; Winter, J.; /Fermilab; Gleisberg, T.; /SLAC; Archibald, J.; Heinrich, G.; Krauss, F.; Maitre, D.; /Durham U., IPPP; Huber, M.; /Munich, Max Planck Inst.; Huston, J.; /Michigan State U.; Kauer, N.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Maltoni, F.; /Louvain U., CP3 /Milan Bicocca U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /Granada U., Theor. Phys. Astrophys. /CERN /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Heidelberg U. /Oxford U., Theor. Phys.

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

347

A proposal for a standard interface between Monte Carlo tools and one-loop programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many highly developed Monte Carlo tools for the evaluation of cross sections based on tree matrix elements exist and are used by experimental collaborations in high energy physics. As the evaluation of one-loop matrix elements has recently been undergoing enormous progress, the combination of one-loop matrix elements with existing Monte Carlo tools is on the horizon. This would lead to phenomenological predictions at the next-to-leading order level. This note summarizes the discussion of the next-to-leading order multi-leg (NLM) working group on this issue which has been taking place during the workshop on Physics at TeV colliders at Les Houches, France, in June 2009. The result is a proposal for a standard interface between Monte Carlo tools and one-loop matrix element programs.

Binoth, T.; Boudjema, F.; Dissertori, G.; Lazopoulos, A.; Denner, A.; Dittmaier, S.; Frederix, R.; Greiner, N.; Hoche, S.; Giele, W.; Skands, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

String loops in the field of braneworld spherically symmetric black holes and naked singularities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study motion of current-carrying string loops in the field of braneworld spherically symmetric black holes and naked singularities. The spacetime is described by the Reissner-Nordstrm geometry with tidal charge b reflecting the non-local tidal effects coming from the external dimension; both positive and negative values of the spacetime parameter b are considered. We restrict attention to the axisymmetric motion of string loops when the motion can be fully governed by an appropriately defined effective potential related to the energy and angular momentum of the string loops. In dependence on these two constants of the motion, the string loops can be captured, trapped, or can escape to infinity. In close vicinity of stable equilibrium points at the centre of trapped states the motion is regular. We describe how it is transformed to chaotic motion with growing energy of the string loop. In the field of naked singularities the trapped states located off the equatorial plane of the system exist and trajectories unable to cross the equatorial plane occur, contrary to the trajectories in the field of black holes where crossing the equatorial plane is always admitted. We concentrate our attention to the so called transmutation effect when the string loops are accelerated in the deep gravitational field near the black hole or naked singularity by transforming the oscillatory energy to the energy of the transitional motion. We demonstrate that the influence of the tidal charge can be substantial especially in the naked singularity spacetimes with b > 1 where the acceleration to ultrarelativistic velocities with Lorentz factor ? ? 100 can be reached, being more than one order higher in comparison with those obtained in the black hole spacetimes.

Stuchlk, Z.; Kolo, M., E-mail: zdenek.stuchlik@fpf.slu.cz, E-mail: martin.kolos@fpf.slu.cz [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava, Bezru?ovo nm.13, CZ-74601 Opava (Czech Republic)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Scaling Laws and Temperature Profiles for Solar and Stellar Coronal Loops with Non-uniform Heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bulk of solar coronal radiative loss consists of soft X-ray emission from quasi-static loops at the cores of Active Regions. In order to develop diagnostics for determining the heating mechanism of these loops from observations by coronal imaging instruments, I have developed analytical solutions for the temperature structure and scaling laws of loop strands for a wide range of heating functions, including footpoint heating, uniform heating, and heating concentrated at the loop apex. Key results are that the temperature profile depends only weakly on the heating distribution -- not sufficiently to be of significant diagnostic value -- and that the scaling laws survive for this wide range of heating distributions, but with the constant of proportionality in the RTV scaling law ($P_{0}L \\thicksim T_{max}^3$) depending on the specific heating function. Furthermore, quasi-static analytical solutions do not exist for an excessive concentration of heating near the loop footpoints, a result in agreement with recent numerical simulations. It is demonstrated that a generalization of the solutions to the case of a strand with a variable diameter leads to only relatively small correction factors in the scaling laws and temperature profiles for constant diameter loop strands. A quintet of leading theoretical coronal heating mechanisms is shown to be captured by the formalism of this paper, and the differences in thermal structure between them may be verified through observations. Preliminary results from full numerical simulations demonstrate that, despite the simplifying assumptions, the analytical solutions from this paper are stable and accurate.

P. C. H. Martens

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

350

Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 RNA Crystal Structures Reveal Heterogeneous 1 1 Nucleotide UU Internal Loop Conformations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

RNA internal loops often display a variety of conformations in solution. Herein, we visualize conformational heterogeneity in the context of the 5'CUG/3'GUC repeat motif present in the RNA that causes myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Specifically, two crystal structures of a model DM1 triplet repeating construct, 5'r[{und UU}GGGC(C{und U}G){sub 3}GUCC]{sub 2}, refined to 2.20 and 1.52 {angstrom} resolution are disclosed. Here, differences in the orientation of the 5' dangling UU end between the two structures induce changes in the backbone groove width, which reveals that noncanonical 1 x 1 nucleotide UU internal loops can display an ensemble of pairing conformations. In the 2.20 {angstrom} structure, CUGa, the 5' UU forms a one hydrogen-bonded pair with a 5' UU of a neighboring helix in the unit cell to form a pseudoinfinite helix. The central 1 x 1 nucleotide UU internal loop has no hydrogen bonds, while the terminal 1 x 1 nucleotide UU internal loops each form a one-hydrogen bond pair. In the 1.52 {angstrom} structure, CUGb, the 5' UU dangling end is tucked into the major groove of the duplex. While the canonically paired bases show no change in base pairing, in CUGb the terminal 1 x 1 nucleotide UU internal loops now form two hydrogen-bonded pairs. Thus, the shift in the major groove induced by the 5' UU dangling end alters noncanonical base patterns. Collectively, these structures indicate that 1 x 1 nucleotide UU internal loops in DM1 may sample multiple conformations in vivo. This observation has implications for the recognition of this RNA, and other repeating transcripts, by protein and small molecule ligands.

Kumar, Amit; Park, HaJeung; Fang, Pengfei; Parkesh, Raman; Guo, Min; Nettles, Kendall W.; Disney, Matthew D. (Scripps)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

351

Stability Analysis on Single-Phase Natural Circulation in Argonne Lead Loop Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One-dimensional linear stability analysis was performed for single-phase lead-bismuth eutectic natural circulation. The Nyquist criterion and a root search method were employed to find the linear stability boundary of both forward and backward circulations. It was found that the natural circulations could be linearly unstable in a high Reynolds number region. Increasing loop friction makes a forward circulation more stable, but destabilizes the corresponding backward circulation under the same heating/cooling conditions. The characteristic wavelength of an unstable disturbance is roughly equal to the entire loop length. (authors)

Wu, Qiao [Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4501 (United States); Sienicki, James J. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Forty-Four Pass Fibre Optic Loop for Improving the Sensitivity of Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A forty-four pass fibre optic surface plasmon resonance sensor that enhances detection sensitivity according to the number of passes is demonstrated for the first time. The technique employs a fibre optic recirculation loop that passes the detection spot forty- four times, thus enhancing sensitivity by a factor of forty-four. Presently, the total number of passes is limited by the onset of lasing action of the recirculation loop. This technique offers a significant sensitivity improvement for various types of plasmon resonance sensors that may be used in chemical and biomolecule detections.

Chin B Su; Jun Kameoka

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

353

Numerical multi-loop calculations with the program SecDec  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SecDec is a program which can be used for the evaluation of parametric integrals, in particular multi-loop integrals. For a given set of propagators defining the graph, the program constructs the graph polynomials, factorizes the endpoint singularities, and finally produces a Laurent series in the dimensional regularization parameter, whose coefficients are evaluated numerically. In this talk we discuss various features of the program, which extend the range of applicability. We also present a recent phenomenological example of an application entering the momentum dependent two-loop corrections to neutral Higgs boson masses in the MSSM.

Sophia Borowka; Gudrun Heinrich

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hardware In The Loop Simulator in UAV Rapid Development Life Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field trial is very critical and high risk in autonomous UAV development life cycle. Hardware in the loop (HIL) simulation is a computer simulation that has the ability to simulate UAV flight characteristic, sensor modeling and actuator modeling while communicating in real time with the UAV autopilot hardware. HIL simulation can be used to test the UAV autopilot hardware reliability, test the closed loop performance of the overall system and tuning the control parameter. By rigorous testing in the HIL simulator, the risk in the field trial can be minimized.

Adiprawita, Widyawardana; Semibiring, Jaka

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Floating Loop System For Cooling Integrated Motors And Inverters Using Hot Liquid Refrigerant  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A floating loop vehicle component cooling and air-conditioning system having at least one compressor for compressing cool vapor refrigerant into hot vapor refrigerant; at least one condenser for condensing the hot vapor refrigerant into hot liquid refrigerant by exchanging heat with outdoor air; at least one floating loop component cooling device for evaporating the hot liquid refrigerant into hot vapor refrigerant; at least one expansion device for expanding the hot liquid refrigerant into cool liquid refrigerant; at least one air conditioning evaporator for evaporating the cool liquid refrigerant into cool vapor refrigerant by exchanging heat with indoor air; and piping for interconnecting components of the cooling and air conditioning system.

Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN; Ayers, Curtis W [Kingston, TN; Coomer, Chester [Knoxville, TN; Marlino, Laura D [Oak Ridge, TN

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

Application of infinite array theory to loop antennas in lossy media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering APPLICATION OF INFINITE ARRAY THEORY TO LOOP ANTENNAS IN LOSSY MEDIA A Thesis by MENG-FFNG LEE Approved as to style and content by: S. M. Wrig (Chair of Committee) R. D. Nevels (Member...APPLICATION OF INFINITE ARRAY THEORY TO LOOP ANTENNAS IN LOSSY MEDIA A Thesis by MENG-FENG LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Lee, Meng-Feng

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Automation of One-Loop Calculations with GoSam: Present Status and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this presentation, we describe the GoSam (Golem/Samurai) framework for the automated computation of multi-particle scattering amplitudes at the one-loop level. The amplitudes are generated analytically in terms of Feynman diagrams, and can be evaluated using either D-dimensional integrand reduction or tensor decomposition. GoSam can be used to compute one-loop corrections to Standard Model (QCD and EW) processes, and it is ready to link generic model files for theories Beyond SM. We show the main features of GoSam through its application to several examples of different complexity.

Gavin Cullen; Nicolas Greiner; Gudrun Heinrich; Gionata Luisoni; Pierpaolo Mastrolia; Giovanni Ossola; Thomas Reiter; Francesco Tramontano

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

Intermediate Heat Transfer Loop Study for High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of possible configurations for a system that transfers heat between the nuclear reactor and the hydrogen and/or electrical generation plants were identified. These configurations included both direct and indirect cycles for the production of electricity. Both helium and liquid salts were considered as the working fluid in the intermediate heat transport loop. Methods were developed to perform thermal-hydraulic and cycleefficiency evaluations of the different configurations and coolants. The thermal-hydraulic evaluations estimated the sizes of various components in the intermediate heat transport loop for the different configurations. This paper also includes a portion of stress analyses performed on pipe configurations.

C. H. Oh; C. Davis; S. Sherman

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Curvature and torsion effects in electric current-carrying twisted solar loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Riemannian geometry of the electric current-carrying solar loops is obtained from a thin tube approximation of twisted magnetic flux tubes. The Frenet torsion and curvature affect the electron drift speed of the electrons of the current along the toroidal direction of the tube. The twist of the tube is computed and it is shown that twist is maximum at the surface of the tube and minimum at the tube axis. This acts as inertia effects to the electron drift. The higher the torsion of the tube axis the smaller is the velocity along the direction of the tube. This effect is similar to the one obtained by Tyspin et al. [Physics of Plasmas, 5, 3385 (1998)] in the case of toroidal devices with curvature and torsion. Here the simple geometrical effects are enough to slow down the currents and no viscosity in the fluid is taken into account. A slight compressibility of the plasma flow is due to the twist of the tube. As applications of these ideas, it is shown that torsion effects are not enough to accelerate electrons up to relativistic energies, and the torsion is computed in the case of the force-free loop. The value of torsion is used to compute the electron acceleration in two distinct cases. The first is the case when the Riemann loop suffers the action of a dc electric sub-Dreicer field, where the magnetic field is direct along the magnetic loop, and the loop moves along the orthogonal direction to the loop as in vortex filaments. In this case, the acceleration is shown to be of the order of 10{sup -17} cm s{sup -2} for a solar torsion of the order of 10{sup -4} cm{sup -1}. The second case is for the curvature drift contribution, where torsion is also present. In this case we show that torsion is not present in the velocity drift but just in the electron acceleration. Though these values are extremely low, they can be improved by considering small loops lowering the radius of the loop which, here, was taken as 600 km. Curvature drift acceleration is also estimated as 100 cm s{sup -2}.

Garcia de Andrade, L. C. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica-IF-UERJ, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, Rio de Janeiro, RJ Maracana, CEP 20550-013 Brazil (Brazil)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Hanford Tank Farms Waste Feed Flow Loop Phase VI: PulseEcho System Performance Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents the visual and ultrasonic PulseEcho critical velocity test results obtained from the System Performance test campaign that was completed in September 2012 with the Remote Sampler Demonstration (RSD)/Waste Feed Flow Loop cold-test platform located at the Monarch test facility in Pasco, Washington. This report is intended to complement and accompany the report that will be developed by WRPS on the design of the System Performance simulant matrix, the analysis of the slurry test sample concentration and particle size distribution (PSD) data, and the design and construction of the RSD/Waste Feed Flow Loop cold-test platform.

Denslow, Kayte M.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Adkins, Harold E.; Jenks, Jeromy WJ; Hopkins, Derek F.

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Absolute Free Energy and Entropy of a Mobile Loop of the Enzyme Acetylcholinesterase Mihail Mihailescu and Hagai Meirovitch*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute Free Energy and Entropy of a Mobile Loop of the Enzyme Acetylcholinesterase Mihail dissociation measurements suggest that the free-energy (F) penalty for the loop displacement is F ) Ffree contribution of water to the total free energy. Namely, for water densities close to the experimental value

Meirovitch, Hagai

362

Evaluation of CuAl2O4 as an Oxygen Carrier in Chemical-Looping Mehdi Arjmand,*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of CuAl2O4 as an Oxygen Carrier in Chemical-Looping Combustion Mehdi Arjmand,*, Abdul of Technology, SE-412 96 Goteborg, Sweden ABSTRACT: The chemical-looping combustion (CLC) process is a novel solution for efficient combustion with intrinsic separation of carbon dioxide. The process uses a metal

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

363

Resource Conservative Manufacturing Transforming Waste into High Value Resource through Closed-Loop Product Systems (ResCoM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the environment, the EU has no choice but to go for the transition to a resource-efficient and ultimately), supply chain management (integrated supply chains), business model development (closed-loop business of closed loop product design in terms of resource efficiency, CO2 production and energy use

Arleo, Angelo

364

Acceleration of electric current-carrying string loop near a Schwarzschild black hole immersed in an asymptotically uniform magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the acceleration of an electric current-carrying and axially-symmetric string loop initially oscillating in the vicinity of a Schwarzschild black hole embedded in an external asymptotically uniform magnetic field. The plane of the string loop is orthogonal to the magnetic field lines and the acceleration of the string loop occurs due to the transmutation effect turning in the deep gravitational field the internal energy of the oscillating strings to the energy of their translational motion along the axis given by the symmetry of the black hole spacetime and the magnetic field. We restrict our attention to the motion of string loop with energy high enough, when it can overcome the gravitational attraction and escape to infinity. We demonstrate that for the current-carrying string loop the transmutation effect is enhanced by the contribution of the interaction between the electric current of the string loop and the external magnetic field and we give conditions that have to be fulfilled for an efficient acceleration. The Schwarzschild black hole combined with the strong external magnetic field can accelerate the current-carrying string loop up to the velocities close to the speed of light $v \\sim c$. Therefore, the string loop transmutation effect can potentially well serve as an explanation for acceleration of highly relativistic jets observed in microquasars and active galactic nuclei.

Arman Tursunov; Martin Kolo; Zden?k Stuchlk; Bobomurat Ahmedov

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Compiler Framework for Optimization of Affine Loop Nests for General Purpose Computations on GPUs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Until very recently, GPGPU computations were performed by transforming matrix operations. Although the polyhedral model of dependence abstraction and program transformation is much more powerfulA Compiler Framework for Optimization of Affine Loop Nests for General Purpose Computations on GPUs

Ramanujam, J. "Ram"

366

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part I: Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part I: Observations ERIC W-dimensional oceanic energy evolution in response to Hurricane Lili's (2002) passage. Mixed layer temperature analyses, Florida (Manuscript received 4 May 2011, in final form 3 October 2011) ABSTRACT The ocean mixed layer

Miami, University of

367

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part II: Idealized Numerical Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part II: Idealized Numerical horizontal pressure gradient, wind energy transfer to the mixed layer can be more efficient in such a regime as compared to the case of an initially horizontally homogeneous ocean. However, nearly all energy is removed

Miami, University of

368

One-loop Single Real Emission Contributions to Inclusive Higgs Production at NNNLO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss the contributions of the one-loop single-real-emission amplitudes, $gg\\to H g$, $qg\\to H q$, etc. to inclusive Higgs boson production through next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order in the strong coupling.

William B. Kilgore

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

369

Selected topics on multi-loop calculations to Higgs boson properties and renormalization group functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some results obtained in the context of the Collaborative Research Center/Transregio~9. In particular we discuss three-loop corrections to the Higgs boson mass in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, higher order corrections to Higgs boson production, and the calculations of renormalization group functions and decoupling constants.

Mihaila, Luminita N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

PERIODIC VARIATIONS IN X-RAY EMISSION INTENSITY OF CORONAL LOOPS D. E. McKenzie(  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

light observations made during solar eclipses (e.g., Pasachoff (1991), Singh et al. (1997), and recently-3840, USA (¡ ) Southwestern College, 100 College Street, Winfield, KS 67156, USA ABSTRACT The analysis of light curves generated from Yohkoh Soft X-ray Telescope observations of coronal loops, described by Mc

McKenzie, David E.

371

Shaping Power System Inter-area Oscillations through Control Loops of Grid Integrated Wind Farms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shaping Power System Inter-area Oscillations through Control Loops of Grid Integrated Wind Farms. However, in many situations, it may not be possible to site a wind farm at the location with the most desirable frequency response. Here, we show that one can design a wind farm controller to shape

Gayme, Dennice

372

Verifiable Active Safety for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems with Humans in the Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verifiable Active Safety for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems with Humans in the Loop Francesco-6925 A recent trend in the automotive industry is the rapid inclusion of electronics, computers and controls that focus entirely on improved functionality and overall system robustness. This makes the automotive sector

Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

373

Numerical evaluation of one-loop diagrams near exceptional momentum configurations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One problem which plagues the numerical evaluation of one-loop Feynman diagrams using recursive integration by part relations is a numerical instability near exceptional momentum configurations. In this contribution we will discuss a generic solution to this problem. As an example we consider the case of forward light-by-light scattering.

Walter T Giele; Giulia Zanderighi; E.W.N. Glover

2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

374

Control Engineering Practice 10 (2002) 315326 MIMO closed-loop identification of an MSW incinerator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control Engineering Practice 10 (2002) 315­326 MIMO closed-loop identification of an MSW of a specific system identification procedure to a municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator is discussed that with the proposed identification procedure a model of the MSW incinerator is obtained which, according to system

Van den Hof, Paul

375

Hardware-in-the-loop testing of wireless systems in realistic environments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes an approach for testing of wireless systems in realistic environments that include intentional as well as unintentional radio frequency interference. In the approach, signal generators along with radio channel simulators are used to carry out hardware-in-the-loop testing. The channel parameters are obtained independently via channel sounding measurements and/or EM simulations.

Burkholder, R. J. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory); Mariano, Robert J.; Gupta, I. J. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory); Schniter, P. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory)

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

TRACKING THE LIFE CYCLE OF CONSTRUCTION STEEL: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A RESOURCE LOOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-grave model to accounting materials and energy. Construction steel is chosen as a case study to show the developing processes, and identify "feeds" and "leaks" within the resource loop. The thesis found: 1) The transportation process generates a significant...

Liu, Lanfang

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

377

Effect of downstream feedback on the achievable performance of feedback control loops for serial processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of downstream feedback on the achievable performance of feedback control loops for serial conditions under which it is advisable to include a control law with downstream feedback besides local Si+1. In reference to that figure, we refer as downstream units (resp. upstream units) as those

Duffy, Ken

378

Statistical Evidence for the Existence of Alfv\\'enic Turbulence in Solar Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent observations have demonstrated that waves which are capable of carrying large amounts of energy are ubiquitous throughout the solar corona. However, the question of how this wave energy is dissipated (on which time and length scales) and released into the plasma remains largely unanswered. Both analytic and numerical models have previously shown that Alfv\\'enic turbulence may play a key role not only in the generation of the fast solar wind, but in the heating of coronal loops. In an effort to bridge the gap between theory and observations, we expand on a recent study [De Moortel et al., ApJL, 782:L34, 2014] by analyzing thirty-seven clearly isolated coronal loops using data from the Coronal Multi-channel Polarimeter (CoMP) instrument. We observe Alfv\\'enic perturbations with phase speeds which range from 250-750 km/s and periods from 140-270 s for the chosen loops. While excesses of high frequency wave-power are observed near the apex of some loops (tentatively supporting the onset of Alfv\\'enic turbu...

Liu, Jiajia; De Moortel, Ineke; Threlfall, James; Bethge, Christian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Looped carbon capturing and environmental remediation: case study of magnetic polypropylene nanocomposites{  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Looped carbon capturing and environmental remediation: case study of magnetic polypropylene carbon nanocomposites (MCNCs) and simultaneously produce useful chemical species which can be utilized a distribution of species with different numbers of carbon, while only 40% of pure PP is decomposed after

Guo, John Zhanhu

380

Microb Ecol (1994) 28:181-193 Sources of Carbonfor the Microbial Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microb Ecol (1994) 28:181-193 Sources of Carbonfor the Microbial Loop MICROBIAL ECOLOGY01994 to the limitation of bacteria by carbon and nutrients derived from allocthonous inputs, primary production of aquatic food webs. Numerous studies have documented that bacteria utilize a large fraction of the carbon

Pace, Michael L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Coupled Oscillations of Calcium and IP3: Identification of Feedback Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coupled Oscillations of Calcium and IP3: Identification of Feedback Loops with Andrew Thomas(cyt)Ca(ER) Ca(cyt) Calcium oscillator +/- Schuster, Marhl & Höfer, Eur. J. Biochem. (2002) #12;IP3 DAG Hormone for the calcium oscillator? #12;Höfer, Venance & Giaume J. Neurosci. (2002) #12;3 modes of intercellular signaling

Coombes, Stephen

382

Keeping the Intelligent Environment Resident in the Loop Parisa Rashidi and Diane J. Cook*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keeping the Intelligent Environment Resident in the Loop Parisa Rashidi and Diane J. Cook* *School will become part of our everyday environments. However, many of these technologies are brittle and do and requests. 1 Introduction Recently there has been extensive research to develop smart environments

Cook, Diane J.

383

The setpoint overshoot method: A simple and fast closed-loop approach for PID tuning*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The setpoint overshoot method: A simple and fast closed-loop approach for PID tuning* Mohammad and Technology (NTNU), N-7491 Trondheim, Norway Abstract: A simple method has been developed for PID controller% of the regulatory controllers utilise the PID algorithm. A recent survey (Kano and Ogawa [2]) from Japan shows

Skogestad, Sigurd

384

Performance Assessment of PID Control Loops based on IMC Tuning Rule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Assessment of PID Control Loops based on IMC Tuning Rule Zhenpeng Yu Jiandong Wang ,1, and controllers are usually restricted to the PID form. This paper establishes the lower bounds of integrated is proposed to assess the performance of PID controllers. Numerical and experimental examples, as well

Wang, Jiandong

385

Multi-loop Decentralized PID Control Based on Covariance Control Criteria: an LMI Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-loop Decentralized PID Control Based on Covariance Control Criteria: an LMI Approach Xin, Alberta, Canada T6G2G6 Abstract PID control is well known and widely applied in industry and many design PID control for multivariable processes to meet certain objectives simultaneously is still

Alberta, University of

386

THE SPECIFIC ACCELERATION RATE IN LOOP-STRUCTURED SOLAR FLARES IMPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SPECIFIC ACCELERATION RATE IN LOOP-STRUCTURED SOLAR FLARES ­ IMPLICATIONS FOR ELECTRON spectrum inside the acceleration region. The models are characterized by two parameters: the plasma density@dima.unige.it #12;­ 2 ­ 1. Introduction The Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI, Lin et al. 2002

Piana, Michele

387

Impacts of Water Loop Management on Simultaneous Heating and Cooling in Coupled Control Air Handling Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impacts of the water loop management on the heating and cooling energy consumption are investigated by using model simulation. The simulation results show that the total thermal energy consumption can be increased by 24% for a typical AHU in San...

Guan, W.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Black hole entropy with and without log correction in loop quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earlier calculations of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity have given a term proportional to the area with a correction involving the logarithm of the area when the area eigenvalue is close to the classical area. However the calculations yield an entropy proportional to the area eigenvalue with no such correction when the area eigenvalue is large compared to the classical area.

P. Mitra

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

389

Parameter Variation Analysis for Voltage Controlled Oscillators in Phase-Locked Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter Variation Analysis for Voltage Controlled Oscillators in Phase-Locked Loops Igor Vytyaz), the oscillation frequency of a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is specified by the reference frequency on the oscillation frequency as the PLL adjusts the control voltage to keep the frequency unchanged. More importantly

Moon, Un-Ku

390

Retrodirective phase-lock loop controlled phased array antenna for a solar power satellite system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was performed using a transceiver converting a pair of received 2.9 GHz signals down to 10 MHz, and up converting two 10 MHz signals to 5.8 GHz. Phase scaling and conjugation was performed at the 10 MHz IF using linear XOR phase detectors and a PLL loop...

Kokel, Samuel John

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

391

Structured H1 Command and Control-Loop Design for Unmanned Helicopters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(including wind gusts), excellent decoupling, andgood speed of response. Nomenclature A = system or plant-frame components R = control weighting matrix r = yaw rate in the body-frame components rfb = yaw-rate feedback U-loop output vector Z = inertial position z axis zt = performance output = system L2 gain in = L2 gain inner

Benmei, Chen

392

CHIRON: a package for ChPT numerical results at two loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document describes the package CHIRON which includes two libraries, chiron itself and jbnumlib. CHIRON is a set of routines useful for two-loop numerical results in Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). It includes programs for the needed one- and two-loop integrals as well as routines to deal with the ChPT parameters. The present version includes everything needed for the masses, decay constants and quark-antiquark vacuum-expectation-values. An added routine calculates consistent values for the masses and decay constants when the pion and kaon masses are varied. In addition a number of finite volume results are included: one-loop tadpole integrals, two-loop sunset integrals and the results for masses and decay constants. The numerical routine library jbnumlib contains the numerical routines used in chiron. Many are to a large extent simple C++ versions of routines in the CERNLIB numerical library. Notable exceptions are the dilogarithm and the Jacobi theta function implementations. This paper describes what is included in CHIRON v0.50.

Johan Bijnens

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

Closed-loop identification via output fast sampling Jiandong Wang a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Closed-loop identification via output fast sampling Jiandong Wang a , Tongwen Chen a,*, Biao Huang6G 2V4 b Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB identifiable? The so-called fast-sampling direct approach provides a positive answer. It removes a traditional

Wang, Jiandong

394

The electromagnetic fields and the radiation of a spatio-temporally varying electric current loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric and magnetic fields of a spatio-temporally varying electric current loop are calculated using the Jefimenko equations. The radiation and the nonradiation parts of the electromagnetic fields are derived in the framework of Maxwell's theory of electromagnetic fields. In this way, a new, exact, analytical solution of the Maxwell equation is found.

Markus Lazar

2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

395

ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins MICHELLE to have recovery levels similar to the wild-type SH2 domain and to be relatively intolerant to further insertions of 6080 amino acids have minimal effects on SH2 domain stability suggests that the free energy

Baker, David

396

Human-in-the-Loop Distributed Simulation and Validation of Strategic Autonomous Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human-in-the-Loop Distributed Simulation and Validation of Strategic Autonomous Algorithms Christopher W. Lum, Matthew L. Rowland, and Rolf T. Rysdyk Autonomous Flight Systems Laboratory University autonomously without human interaction. Most of these autonomous algorithms operate at a high, strate- gic

Washington at Seattle, University of

397

The Closed-loop Supply Chain Network with Competition and Design for Remanufactureability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Closed-loop Supply Chain #12;Remanufacturability Kodak recently replaced some plastic parts in its high at the demand markets. It has been discussed in the literature that consumers value new and remanufactured manufacturers (OEM) or competition between an OEM and a remanufacturer who are dealing with a single demand

Nagurney, Anna

398

A Stochastic Time-to-Digital Converter for Digital Phase-Locked Loops submitted to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Stochastic Time-to-Digital Converter for Digital Phase-Locked Loops by Kerem Ok A THESIS. Thanks to Tufan for always being ready to go lifting or to Platinum (Thanks Dave) or Senor Sam's with me.1.2 Synthesis Using Digital PLLs........................................................ 8 3. STOCHASTIC TIME

Moon, Un-Ku

399

Operational Space Inertia for Robots with Internal Loops Abhinandan Jain1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the environment. The advantage of the operational space control approach over joint space control matrix which defines the relationship between the joint space accelerations and torques, the operationalOperational Space Inertia for Robots with Internal Loops Abhinandan Jain1 1 Jet Propulsion

400

The loop compiler for Java and JML Joachim van den Berg, Bart Jacobs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engineering process. Within this project a dynamic logic for JavaCard, Java's subset for smart cardThe loop compiler for Java and JML Joachim van den Berg, Bart Jacobs Computing Science Institute into their semantics in higher order logic. It serves as a front-end to a the- orem prover in which the actual veri#12

Jacobs, Bart

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Deformed phase space for 3d loop gravity and hyperbolic discrete geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the loop gravity space phase for 3D Riemannian gravity by algebraically constructing the phase space $T^*\\mathrm{SU}(2)\\sim\\mathrm{ISO}(3)$ as the Heisenberg double of the Lie group $\\mathrm{SO}(3)$ provided with the trivial cocyle. Tackling the issue of accounting for a non-vanishing cosmological constraint $\\Lambda \

Valentin Bonzom; Mait Dupuis; Florian Girelli; Etera R. Livine

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

LOOP TRANSFORMATIONS FOR INTERFACE-BASED HIERARCHIES IN SDF GRAPHS Jonathan Piat1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOOP TRANSFORMATIONS FOR INTERFACE-BASED HIERARCHIES IN SDF GRAPHS Jonathan Piat1 , Shuvra S processing (DSP) applica- tions. A restricted version of data-flow, termed synchronous data-flow (SDF of hierarchy (Interface-based SDF) has been proposed allowing more expressivity while maintaining its

Bhattacharyya, Shuvra S.

403

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini Department of atoms to address this problem in aluminum. Our results show that there is a cascade of larger and larger, calculations for aluminum using quan- tum mechanical density-functional theory [9, 10] show that di

Nemat-Nasser, Sia

404

Green Communications by Demand Shaping and User-in-the-Loop Tariff-based Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Communications by Demand Shaping and User-in-the-Loop Tariff-based Control Rainer Schoenen1@sce.carleton.ca Abstract--The new field of green communications can be divided into a) energy-efficient communications control, green index, sustainability, cross-layer I. Introduction GREEN Communications has recently got

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

405

Fractal Structure of Isothermal Lines and Loops on the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal Structure of Isothermal Lines and Loops on the Cosmic Microwave Background Naoki KOBAYASHI and the fractal structure is confirmed in the radiation temperature fluctuation. We estimate the fractal exponents, such as the fractal dimension De of the entire pattern of isothermal lines, the fractal dimension Dc of a single

Chiang, Lung-Yih

406

Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

Ben-Yakar, Adela

407

A Study of Loop Style and Abstraction in Pedagogic Practice David J. Barnes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Study of Loop Style and Abstraction in Pedagogic Practice David J. Barnes School of Computing: Abstraction, exit-in-the-middle problems, iteration, object orientation, pedagogy, structured programming. 1 the research tradition that our role is to question and not to worship we sought to investigate the deployment

Kent, University of

408

1378 IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 13,No. 4, October 1998 C osed Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1378 IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 13,No. 4, October 1998 C osed Loop P.W. Lehn M Canada Abstract- This paper presents a new approach for the dynamic control of FACTS apparatus, such as the STAT- CQM and UPFC,which utilize voltage source inverters (VSI) as the main building block. The control

Lehn, Peter W.

409

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini Department show that there is a cascade of larger and larger vacancy clusters with smaller and smaller energy. Further, the results show that a seven vacancy cluster on the 111 plane can collapse into a stable

Ortiz, Michael

410

On the Location of Energy Release and Temperature Pro les along Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Location of Energy Release and Temperature Pro#12;les along Coronal Loops K. Galsgaard (klaus@mcs.st-and.ac.uk), D. H. Mackay (duncan@mcs.st-and.ac.uk) and E. R. Priest (eric@mcs.st-and.ac.uk Abstract. Several mechanisms have been suggested to contribute to the heat- ing of the solar corona, each

Mackay, Duncan

411

Hydrogen-bond driven loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characterization of the length dependence of end-to-end loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains provides an understanding of early steps in protein folding. Here, loop-closure in poly-glycine-serine peptides is investigated by combining single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy with molecular dynamics simulation. For chains containing more than 10 peptide bonds loop-closing rate constants on the 20-100 nanosecond time range exhibit a power-law length dependence. However, this scaling breaks down for shorter peptides, which exhibit slower kinetics arising from a perturbation induced by the dye reporter system used in the experimental setup. The loop-closure kinetics in the longer peptides is found to be determined by the formation of intra-peptide hydrogen bonds and transient beta-sheet structure, that accelerate the search for contacts among residues distant in sequence relative to the case of a polypeptide chain in which hydrogen bonds cannot form. Hydrogen-bond-driven polypeptide-chain collapse in unfolded peptides under physiological conditions found here is not only consistent with hierarchical models of protein folding, that highlights the importance of secondary structure formation early in the folding process, but is also shown to speed up the search for productive folding events.

Daidone, Isabella [University of Heidelberg; Neuweiler, H [University of Heidelberg; Doose, S [University of Heidelberg; Sauer, M [University of Heidelberg; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Structural properties of the histidine-containing loop in HIV-1RNase H  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The isolated HIV-1 RNase H domain is inactive. This inactivity has been linked to the lack of structure in the C-terminus of the isolated domain. His539 residing in a loop preceding the C-terminal Helix was studies by NMR to determine the stability and conformational properties of this region.

Kern, G.; Pelton, J.; Marqusee, S.; Kern, D.

2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

413

Control of Delayed Recycling Systems with Unstable First Order Forward Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of Delayed Recycling Systems with Unstable First Order Forward Loop J. F. M Abstract Unstable time-delay systems and recycling systems are challenging problems for control analysis and design. When an unstable time-delay system has a recycle, its control problem becomes even more difficult

Boyer, Edmond

414

Validation of Hardware and Software in the Loop add-ons simulation Mohamad Haffar1, 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these equipments is provided by an intelligent electronic device "IED" [1]. Two type of protection exists to ensure the concept of modeling an IED communication server and the usage of Hardware and Software In the loop modules The following table 1 contains the definition of acronyms used in this paper. Acronym Definition IED Intelligent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

415

Dynamically Feasible Trajectory and Open-Loop Control Design for Unmanned Airships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 1, belong to the category of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) that play an increasingly significant the problem of trajectory planning for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle. In this paper, we describe a methodDynamically Feasible Trajectory and Open-Loop Control Design for Unmanned Airships Filoktimon

Papadopoulos, Evangelos

416

Evaluation of Novel Ceria-Supported Metal Oxides As Oxygen Carriers for Chemical-Looping Combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of Novel Ceria-Supported Metal Oxides As Oxygen Carriers for Chemical-Looping Combustion of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goteborg, Sweden States § Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goteborg

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

417

VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS FOR A SOLAR ACTIVE REGION FAN LOOP FROM HINODE/EIS OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The velocity pattern of a fan loop structure within a solar active region over the temperature range 0.15-1.5 MK is derived using data from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board the Hinode satellite. The loop is aligned toward the observer's line of sight and shows downflows (redshifts) of around 15 km s{sup -1} up to a temperature of 0.8 MK, but for temperatures of 1.0 MK and above the measured velocity shifts are consistent with no net flow. This velocity result applies over a projected spatial distance of 9 Mm and demonstrates that the cooler, redshifted plasma is physically disconnected from the hotter, stationary plasma. A scenario in which the fan loops consist of at least two groups of 'strands'-one cooler and downflowing, the other hotter and stationary-is suggested. The cooler strands may represent a later evolutionary stage of the hotter strands. A density diagnostic of Mg VII was used to show that the electron density at around 0.8 MK falls from 3.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3} at the loop base, to 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} cm{sup -3} at a projected height of 15 Mm. A filling factor of 0.2 is found at temperatures close to the formation temperature of Mg VII (0.8 MK), confirming that the cooler, downflowing plasma occupies only a fraction of the apparent loop volume. The fan loop is rooted within a so-called outflow region that displays low intensity and blueshifts of up to 25 km s{sup -1} in Fe XII {lambda}195.12 (formed at 1.5 MK), in contrast to the loop's redshifts of 15 km s{sup -1} at 0.8 MK. A new technique for obtaining an absolute wavelength calibration for the EIS instrument is presented and an instrumental effect, possibly related to a distorted point-spread function, that affects velocity measurements is identified.

Young, P. R. [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); O'Dwyer, B.; Mason, H. E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Frequency multiplexed flux locked loop architecture providing an array of DC SQUIDS having both shared and unshared components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Architecture for frequency multiplexing multiple flux locked loops in a system comprising an array of DC SQUID sensors. The architecture involves dividing the traditional flux locked loop into multiple unshared components and a single shared component which, in operation, form a complete flux locked loop relative to each DC SQUID sensor. Each unshared flux locked loop component operates on a different flux modulation frequency. The architecture of the present invention allows a reduction from 2N to N+1 in the number of connections between the cryogenic DC SQUID sensors and their associated room temperature flux locked loops. Furthermore, the 1.times.N architecture of the present invention can be paralleled to form an M.times.N array architecture without increasing the required number of flux modulation frequencies.

Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Strategic Need for Multi-Purpose Thermal Hydraulic Loop for Support of Advanced Reactor Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a conceptual design for a new high-temperature multi fluid, multi loop test facility for the INL to support thermal hydraulic, materials, and thermal energy storage research for nuclear and nuclear-hybrid applications. In its initial configuration, the facility will include a high-temperature helium loop, a liquid salt loop, and a hot water/steam loop. The three loops will be thermally coupled through an intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) and a secondary heat exchanger (SHX). Research topics to be addressed with this facility include the characterization and performance evaluation of candidate compact heat exchangers such as printed circuit heat exchangers (PCHEs) at prototypical operating conditions, flow and heat transfer issues related to core thermal hydraulics in advanced helium-cooled and salt-cooled reactors, and evaluation of corrosion behavior of new cladding materials and accident-tolerant fuels for LWRs at prototypical conditions. Based on its relevance to advanced reactor systems, the new facility has been named the Advanced Reactor Technology Integral System Test (ARTIST) facility. Research performed in this facility will advance the state of the art and technology readiness level of high temperature intermediate heat exchangers (IHXs) for nuclear applications while establishing the INL as a center of excellence for the development and certification of this technology. The thermal energy storage capability will support research and demonstration activities related to process heat delivery for a variety of hybrid energy systems and grid stabilization strategies. Experimental results obtained from this research will assist in development of reliable predictive models for thermal hydraulic design and safety codes over the range of expected advanced reactor operating conditions. Proposed/existing IHX heat transfer and friction correlations and criteria will be assessed with information on materials compatibility and instrumentation needs. The experimental database will guide development of appropriate predictive methods and be available for code verification and validation (V&V) related to these systems.

James E. O'Brien; Piyush Sabharwall; Su-Jong Yoon; Gregory K. Housley

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Evolution of the Loop-Top Source of Solar Flares--Heating and Cooling Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the spatial and spectral evolution of the loop-top (LT) sources in a sample of 6 flares near the solar limb observed by {\\it RHESSI}. A distinct coronal source, which we identify as the LT source, was seen in each of these flares from the early ``pre-heating'' phase through the late decay phase. Spectral analyses reveal an evident steep power-law component in the pre-heating and impulsive phases, suggesting that the particle acceleration starts upon the onset of the flares. In the late decay phase the LT source has a thermal spectrum and appears to be confined within a small region near the top of the flare loop, and does not spread throughout the loop, as is observed at lower energies. The total energy of this source decreases usually faster than expected from the radiative cooling but much slower than that due to the classical Spitzer conductive cooling along the flare loop. These results indicate the presence of a distinct LT region, where the thermal conductivity is suppressed significantly and/or there is a continuous energy input. We suggest that plasma wave turbulence could play important roles in both heating the plasma and suppressing the conduction during the decay phase of solar flares. With a simple quasi-steady loop model we show that the energy input in the gradual phase can be comparable to that in the impulsive phase and demonstrate how the observed cooling and confinement of the LT source can be used to constrain the wave-particle interaction.

Yan Wei Jiang; Siming Liu; Wei Liu; Vahe Petrosian

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

Temperature control feedback loops for the linac upgrade side coupled cavities at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The linac upgrade project at Fermilab will replace the last 4 drift-tube linac tanks with seven side coupled cavity strings. This will increase the beam energy from 200 to 400 MeV at injection into the Booster accelerator. The main objective of the temperature loop is to control the resonant frequency of the cavity strings. A cavity string will constant of 4 sections connected with bridge couplers driven with a 12 MW klystron at 805 MHz. Each section is a side coupled cavity chain consisting of 16 accelerating cells and 15 side coupling cells. For the linac upgrade, 7 full cavity strings will be used. A separate temperature control system is planned for each of the 28 accelerating sections, the two transition sections, and the debuncher section. The cavity strings will be tuned to resonance for full power beam loaded conditions. A separate frequency loop is planned that will sample the phase difference between a monitor placed in the end cell of each section and the rf drive. The frequency loop will control the set point for the temperature loop which will be able to maintain the resonant frequency through periods within beam or rf power. The frequency loop will need the intelligence required to determine under what conditions the phase error information is valid and the temperature set point should be adjusted. This paper will discuss some of the reason for temperature control, the implementation, and some of the problems encountered. An appendix contains some useful constants and descriptions of some of the sensor and control elements used. 13 figs.

Crisp, J.

1990-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

422

Dismantling of Loop-Type Channel Equipment of MR Reactor in NRC 'Kurchatov Institute' - 13040  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2009 the project of decommissioning of MR and RTF reactors was developed and approved by the Expert Authority of the Russian Federation (Gosexpertiza). The main objective of the decommissioning works identified in this project: - complete dismantling of reactor equipment and systems; - decontamination of reactor premises and site in accordance with the established sanitary and hygienic standards. At the preparatory stage (2008-2010) of the project the following works were executed: loop-type channels' dismantling in the storage pool; experimental fuel assemblies' removal from spent fuel repositories in the central hall; spent fuel assembly removal from the liquid-metal-cooled loop-type channel of the reactor core and its placement into the SNF repository; and reconstruction of engineering support systems to the extent necessary for reactor decommissioning. The project assumes three main phases of dismantling and decontamination: - dismantling of equipment/pipelines of cooling circuits and loop-type channels, and auxiliary reactor equipment (2011-2012); - dismantling of equipment in underground reactor premises and of both MR and RTF in-vessel devices (2013-2014); - decontamination of reactor premises; rehabilitation of the reactor site; final radiation survey of reactor premises, loop-type channels and site; and issuance of the regulatory authorities' de-registration statement (2015). In 2011 the decommissioning license for the two reactors was received and direct MR decommissioning activities started. MR primary pipelines and loop-type facilities situated in the underground reactor hall were dismantled. Works were also launched to dismantle the loop-type channels' equipment in underground reactor premises; reactor buildings were reconstructed to allow removal of dismantled equipment; and the MR/RTF decommissioning sequence was identified. In autumn 2011 - spring 2012 results of dismantling activities performed are: - equipment from underground rooms (No. 66, 66A, 66B, 72, 64, 63) - as well as from water and gas loop corridors - was dismantled, with the total radwaste weight of 53 tons and the total removed activity of 5,0 x 10{sup 10} Bq; - loop-type channel equipment from underground reactor hall premises was dismantled; - 93 loop-type channels were characterized, chopped and removed, with radwaste of 2.6 x 10{sup 13} Bq ({sup 60}Co) and 1.5 x 10{sup 13} Bq ({sup 137}Cs) total activity removed from the reactor pool, fragmented and packaged. Some of this waste was placed into the high-level waste (HLW) repository of the Center. Dismantling works were executed with application of remotely operated mechanisms, which promoted decrease of radiation impact on the personnel. The average individual dose for the personnel was 1.9 mSv/year in 2011, and the collective dose is estimated as 0.0605 man x Sv/year. (authors)

Volkov, Victor; Danilovich, Alexey; Zverkov, Yuri; Ivanov, Oleg; Kolyadin, Vyacheslav; Lemus, Alexey; Pavlenko, Vitaly; Semenov, Sergey; Fadin, Sergey; Shisha, Anatoly; Chesnokov, Alexander [National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation)] [National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Micro capillary pumped loop system for a cooling high power device Chin-Tsan Wang a,*, Tzong-Shyng Leu b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro capillary pumped loop system for a cooling high power device Chin-Tsan Wang a,*, Tzong-driven two-phase loop, configured on a micro capillary pumped loop (MCPL) system without an external power. The combination of micro-scale heat transfer and fluid dynamics along with high surface-to-volume ratios makes

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

424

Forces of Interaction between Surfaces Bearing Looped Polymer Brushes in Good Solvent.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a previous publication we suggested [Huang et al., Macromolecules, 2008, 41, 1745-1752] that looped polymer brushes formed by tethering chains by both ends to a surface may exhibit a polydispersity-like effect due to a distribution of distances between tethering points, leading to segment density profiles dominated by a long and diffuse exponentially-decaying tail. To study this issue in more detail, the force profiles (forces of interaction as a function of separation distance) of a series of looped polymer brushes made by preferential adsorption of poly(2-vinylpyridine)-polystyrene-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PVP-b-PS-b-PVP) triblock copolymers of varying molecular weight and asymmetry ratio are measured using the surface forces apparatus. The force profiles are analyzed using an equivalent diblock model, which considers the triblock copolymer brushes as being comprised of two diblock copolymers of half the PS molecular weight. While scaling the dependencies of the interaction energy and distance on molecular weight, the tethering density and segment size coalesce the measured force profiles to the universal profile, it is necessary to include polydispersity in the description of the equilibrium structure. This is done using the self-consistent field model of Milner et al. [Macromolecules, 1988, 21, 2610-2619]. For looped brushes formed from the symmetric and moderately symmetric triblock copolymers we find that the polydispersity due to molecular weight distribution effectively accounts for the observed force profiles. On the other hand, agreement between the measured and predicted force profiles of looped brushes formed from highly asymmetric copolymers at low degrees-of-compression is achieved only if a much smaller value of the polydispersity index is used in the fitting. The implication of these results is that the shape of the segment density profiles is not due to the previously proposed anchor-induced polydispersity arising due to loop formation; however in the case of highly asymmetric copolymers, loop formation may constrain the stretching of the chains relative to what is expected for brushes formed from the equivalent diblock copolymer.

Alonzo, Jose [Clemson University; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Reconnections of Vortex Loops in the Superfluid Turbulent HeII. Rates of the Breakdown and Fusion processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetics of merging and breaking down vortex loops is the important part of the whole vortex tangle dynamics. Another part is the motion of individual lines, which obeys the Biot-Savart law in presence of friction force and of applied external velocity fields if any. In the present work we evaluate the coefficients of the reconnection rates $A(l_{1},l_{2},l)$ and $B(l,l_{1},l_{2})$. Quantity $A$ is a number (per unit of time and per unit of volume) of events, when two loops with lengths $l_{1}$and $l_{2}$ collide and form the single loop of length $ l=l_{1}+l_{2}$. Quantity $% B(l,l_{1},l_{2}) $ describes the rate of events, when the single loop of the length $l$ breaks down into two the daughter loops of lengths $ l_{1}$ and $l_{2}$. These quantities ave evaluated as the averaged numbers of zeroes of vector $\\mathbf{S}%_{s}(\\xi_{2},\\xi_{1},t)$ connecting two points on the loops of $\\xi_{2}$ and $ \\xi_{1}$ at moment of time $t$. Statistics of the individual loops is taken from the Gaussian model of vortex tangle. PACS-number 67.40

Sergey K. Nemirovskii

2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

426

Analytic Result for the Two-loop Six-point NMHV Amplitude in N = 4 Super Yang-Mills Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide a simple analytic formula for the two-loop six-point ratio function of planar N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory. This result extends the analytic knowledge of multi-loop six-point amplitudes beyond those with maximal helicity violation. We make a natural ansatz for the symbols of the relevant functions appearing in the two-loop amplitude, and impose various consistency conditions, including symmetry, the absence of spurious poles, the correct collinear behavior, and agreement with the operator product expansion for light-like (super) Wilson loops. This information reduces the ansatz to a small number of relatively simple functions. In order to fix these parameters uniquely, we utilize an explicit representation of the amplitude in terms of loop integrals that can be evaluated analytically in various kinematic limits. The final compact analytic result is expressed in terms of classical polylogarithms, whose arguments are rational functions of the dual conformal cross-ratios, plus precisely two functions that are not of this type. One of the functions, the loop integral {Omega}{sup (2)}, also plays a key role in a new representation of the remainder function R{sub 6}{sup (2)} in the maximally helicity violating sector. Another interesting feature at two loops is the appearance of a new (parity odd) x (parity odd) sector of the amplitude, which is absent at one loop, and which is uniquely determined in a natural way in terms of the more familiar (parity even) x (parity even) part. The second non-polylogarithmic function, the loop integral {tilde {Omega}}{sup (2)}, characterizes this sector. Both {Omega}{sup (2)} and {tilde {Omega}}{sup (2)} can be expressed as one-dimensional integrals over classical polylogarithms with rational arguments.

Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC; Drummond, James M.; /CERN /Annecy, LAPTH; Henn, Johannes M.; /Humboldt U., Berlin /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Effect of collisions and magnetic convergence on electron acceleration and transport in reconnecting twisted solar flare loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a model of particle acceleration coupled with an MHD model of magnetic reconnection in unstable twisted coronal loops. The kink instability leads to the formation of helical currents with strong parallel electric fields resulting in electron acceleration. The motion of electrons in the electric and magnetic fields of the reconnecting loop is investigated using a test-particle approach taking into account collisional scattering. We discuss the effects of Coulomb collisions and magnetic convergence near loop footpoints on the spatial distribution and energy spectra of high-energy electron populations and possible implications on the hard X-ray emission in solar flares.

Gordovskyy, M; Kontar, E P; Bian, N H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Conformation and dynamics of nucleotides in bulges and symmetric internal loops in duplex DNA studied by EPR and fluorescence spectroscopies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bulges and loops were studied by both EPR and fluorescence spectroscopies using the probe C/C{sup f}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer One-base bulge was in a temperature-dependent equilibrium between looped-out and stacked states. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bases in two- and three-base bulges were stacked at all temperatures, resulting in DNA bending. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bases were stacked in symmetrical two- to five-base internal loops, according to EPR data. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unexpectedly high fluorescence for the smaller loops indicated local structural perturbations. -- Abstract: The dynamics and conformation of base bulges and internal loops in duplex DNA were studied using the bifunctional spectroscopic probe C, which becomes fluorescent (C{sup f}) upon reduction of the nitroxide functional group, along with EPR and fluorescence spectroscopies. A one-base bulge was in a conformational equilibrium between looped-out and stacked states, the former favored at higher temperature and the latter at lower temperature. Stacking of bulge bases was favored in two- and three-base bulges, independent of temperature, resulting in DNA bending as evidenced by increased fluorescence of C{sup f}. EPR spectra of C-labeled three-, four- and five-base symmetrical interior DNA bulges at 20 Degree-Sign C showed low mobility, indicating that the spin-label was stacked within the loop. The spin-label mobility at 37 Degree-Sign C increased as the loops became larger. A considerable variation in fluorescence between different loops was observed, as well as a temperature-dependence within constructs. Fluorescence unexpectedly increased as the size of the loop decreased at 2 Degree-Sign C. Fluorescence of the smallest loops, where a single T{center_dot}T mismatch was located between the stem region and the probe, was even larger than for the single strand, indicating a considerable local structural deformation of these loops from regular B-DNA. These results show the value of combining EPR and fluorescence spectroscopy to study non-helical regions of nucleic acids.

Cekan, Pavol [University of Iceland, Science Institute, Dunhaga 3, 107 Reykjavik (Iceland)] [University of Iceland, Science Institute, Dunhaga 3, 107 Reykjavik (Iceland); Sigurdsson, Snorri Th., E-mail: snorrisi@hi.is [University of Iceland, Science Institute, Dunhaga 3, 107 Reykjavik (Iceland)

2012-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

429

On the relevance of magnetohydrodynamic pumping in solar coronal loop simulation experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A magnetohydrodynamic pumping mechanism was proposed by Bellan [Phys. Plasmas 10, 1999 (2003)] to explain the formation of highly collimated plasma-filled magnetic flux tubes in certain solar coronal loop simulation experiments. In this paper, measurements on such an experiment are compared to the predictions of Bellan's pumping and collimation model. Significant discrepancies between theoretical implications and experimental observations have prompted more elaborate investigations by making use of pertinent modifications of the experimental device. On the basis of these studies, it is concluded that the proposed MHD pumping mechanism does not play a crucial role for the formation and temporal evolution of the arched plasma structures that are generated in the coronal loop simulation experiments under consideration.

Tenfelde, J.; Mackel, F.; Ridder, S.; Stein, H.; Tacke, T.; Soltwisch, H. [Institute of Experimental Physics V-Laser and Plasma Physics Group, Ruhr Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Kempkes, P. [Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitaet Greifswald and MPI for Plasma Physics, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Spontaneous helicity of a polymer with side-loops confined to a cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired by recent experiments on the spatial organization of bacterial chromosomes, we consider a type of "bottle brush" polymer consisting of a flexible backbone chain, to which flexible side loops are connected. We show that such a model with an open linear backbone spontaneously adopts a helical structure with a well-defined pitch when confined to small cylindrical volume. This helicity persists over a range of sizes and aspect-ratios of the cylinder, provided the packing fraction of the chain is suitably large. We analyze this results in terms of the interplay between the effective stiffness and actual intra-chain packing effects caused by the side-loops in response to the confinement. For the case of a circular backbone, mimicking e.g. the E. coli chromosome, the polymer adopts a linearized configuration of two parallel helices connected at the cylinder poles.

Chaudhuri, Debasish

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

TRUEX Radiolysis Testing Using the INL Radiolysis Test Loop: FY-2012 Status Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INL radiolysis test loop has been used to evaluate the affect of radiolytic degradation upon the efficacy of the strip section of the TRUEX flowsheet for the recovery of trivalent actinides and lanthanides from acidic solution. The nominal composition of the TRUEX solvent used in this study is 0.2 M CMPO and 1.4 M TBP dissolved in n-dodecane and the nominal composition of the TRUEX strip solution is 1.5 M lactic acid and 0.050 M diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid. Gamma irradiation of a mixture of TRUEX process solvent and stripping solution in the test loop does not adversely impact flowsheet performance as measured by stripping americium ratios. The observed increase in americium stripping distribution ratios with increasing absorbed dose indicates the radiolytic production of organic soluble degradation compounds.

Dean R. Peterman; Lonnie G. Olson; Richard D. Tillotson; Rocklan G. McDowell; Jack D. Law

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Membrane loop process for separating carbon dioxide for use in gaseous form from flue gas  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a process involving membrane-based gas separation for separating and recovering carbon dioxide emissions from combustion processes in partially concentrated form, and then transporting the carbon dioxide and using or storing it in a confined manner without concentrating it to high purity. The process of the invention involves building up the concentration of carbon dioxide in a gas flow loop between the combustion step and a membrane separation step. A portion of the carbon dioxide-enriched gas can then be withdrawn from this loop and transported, without the need to liquefy the gas or otherwise create a high-purity stream, to a destination where it is used or confined, preferably in an environmentally benign manner.

Wijmans, Johannes G; Baker, Richard W; Merkel, Timothy C

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

Bibliography of publications related to Classical and Quantum Gravity in terms of Connection and Loop Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This bibliography attempts to give a comprehensive overview of all the literature related to the Ashtekar connection and the Rovelli-Smolin loop variables. The original version was compiled by Peter H\\"ubner in 1989, and it has been subsequently updated by Gabriela Gonzalez, Bernd Br\\"ugmann, Monica Pierri, Troy Schilling, Alejandro Corichi and Christopher Beetle. Information about additional literature, new preprints, and especially corrections are always welcome.

Christopher Beetle; Alejandro Corichi

1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

434

On the two-loop corrections to the Higgs mass in trilinear R-parity violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the impact of large trilinear R-parity violating couplings on the lightest CP-even Higgs boson mass in supersymmetric models. We use the publicly available computer codes SARAH and SPheno to compute the leading two-loop corrections. We use the effective potential approach. For not too heavy third generation squarks (< 1 TeV) and couplings close to the unitarity bound we find positive corrections up to a few GeV in the Higgs mass.

Herbi K. Dreiner; Kilian Nickel; Florian Staub

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

Multi-leg One-loop Massive Amplitudes from Integrand Reduction via Laurent Expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the application of a novel reduction technique for one-loop scattering amplitudes based on the combination of the integrand reduction and Laurent expansion. We describe the general features of its implementation in the computer code NINJA, and its interface to GoSam. We apply the new reduction to a series of selected processes involving massive particles, from six to eight legs.

Hans van Deurzen; Gionata Luisoni; Pierpaolo Mastrolia; Edoardo Mirabella; Giovanni Ossola; Tiziano Peraro

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

436

Leveraging a Cohesive Supply Chain to Close the Loop on EPS Packaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leveraging a Cohesive Supply Chain to Close the Loop on EPS Packaging Katherine Hang, UC San Diego Carbon Conversion Guide #12;1.09 2.08 0.97 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5L Amber Glass 7L Returnable Stainless Filling Packaging Distribution Collection Cleaning Disposal Mail-back Carbon Footprint Results Steel

Russell, Lynn

437

Two Loop Radiative Seesaw and X-ray line Dark Matter with Global U(1) Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a two loop induced radiative neutrino model with global $U(1)$ symmetry at 0.1 GeV scale, in which we consider a keV scale of dark matter candidate recently reported by XMN-Newton X-ray observatory using data of various galaxy clusters and Andromeda galaxy. We also discuss the vacuum stability of singly charged bosons, lepton flavor violation processes, and a role of Goldstone boson.

Okada, Hiroshi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Recursion relations for two-loop self-energy diagrams on-shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A set of recurrence relations for on-shell two-loop self-energy diagrams with one mass is presented, which allows to reduce the diagrams with arbitrary indices (powers of scalar propagators) to a set of the master integrals. The SHELL2 package is used for the calculation of special types of diagrams. A method of calculation of higher order \\epsilon-expansion of master integrals is demonstrated.

J. Fleischer; M. Yu. Kalmykov; A. V. Kotikov

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

439

One-loop Beta Functions for the Orientable Non-commutative Gross-Neveu Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute at the one-loop order the beta-functions for a renormalisable non-commutative analog of the Gross Neveu model defined on the Moyal plane. The calculation is performed within the so called x-space formalism. We find that this non-commutative field theory exhibits asymptotic freedom for any number of colors. The beta-function for the non-commutative counterpart of the Thirring model is found to be non vanishing.

Ahmed Lakhoua; Fabien Vignes-Tourneret; Jean-Christophe Wallet

2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

440

Analysis of the October 5, 1979 lithium spill and fire in the Lithium Processing Test Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On October 5, 1979, the Lithium Processing Test Loop (LPTL) developed a lithium leak in the electromagnetic (EM) pump channel, which damaged the pump, its surrounding support structure, and the underlying floor pan. A thorough analysis of the causes and consequences of the pump failure was conducted by personnel from CEN and several other ANL divisions. Metallurgical analyses of the elliptical pump channel and adjacent piping revealed that there was a significant buildup of iron-rich crystallites and other solid material in the region of the current-carrying bus bars (region of high magnetic field), which may have resulted in a flow restriction that contributed to the deterioration of the channel walls. The location of the failure was in a region of high residual stress (due to cold work produced during channel fabrication); this failure is typical of other cold work/stress-related failures encountered in components operated in forced-circulation lithium loops. Another important result was the isolation of crystals of a compound characterized as Li/sub x/CrN/sub y/. Compounds of this type are believed to be responsible for much of the Fe, Cr, and Ni mass transfer encountered in lithium loops constructed of stainless steel. The importance of nitrogen in the mass-transfer mechanism has long been suspected, but the existence of stable ternary Li-M-N compounds (M = Fe, Cr, Ni) had not previously been verified.

Maroni, V.A.; Beatty, R.A.; Brown, H.L.; Coleman, L.F.; Foose, R.M.; McPheeters, C.C.; Slawecki, M.; Smith, D.L.; Van Deventer, E.H.; Weston, J.R.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Two Loop Unification of Non-SUSY SO(10) GUT with TeV Scalars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we examine gauge coupling unification at the two loop level in the the non-SUSY SO(10) grand unified theory proposed by Babu and Mohapatra \\cite{BM}. This GUT, which breaks down to the standard model in a single step, has the distinguishing feature of containing non-standard model scalars at the TeV scale. This leads to a plethora of interesting effects in the TeV range, most prominently predicting the possibility of discovering new particles at the LHC in run 2. This model also gives rise to measurable proton decay, neutron-antineutron oscillations, provides a mechanism for baryogenesis, and contains potential dark matter candidates. In this paper, we compute the two loop beta function and show that this model unifies to two loop order around $10^{15}$ GeV. We then compute the proton lifetime and argue that threshold effects place it comfortably above the Super Kamiokande limit. In this paper, we demonstrate that this model passes the baseline for physical plausibility and therefore is worth st...

Brennan, T Daniel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Two Loop Unification of Non-SUSY SO(10) GUT with TeV Scalars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we examine gauge coupling unification at the two loop level in the the non-SUSY SO(10) grand unified theory proposed by Babu and Mohapatra \\cite{BM}. This GUT, which breaks down to the standard model in a single step, has the distinguishing feature of containing non-standard model scalars at the TeV scale. This leads to a plethora of interesting effects in the TeV range, most prominently predicting the possibility of discovering new particles at the LHC in run 2. This model also gives rise to measurable proton decay, neutron-antineutron oscillations, provides a mechanism for baryogenesis, and contains potential dark matter candidates. In this paper, we compute the two loop beta function and show that this model unifies to two loop order around $10^{15}$ GeV. We then compute the proton lifetime and argue that threshold effects place it comfortably above the Super Kamiokande limit. In this paper, we demonstrate that this model passes the baseline for physical plausibility and therefore is worth studying due to its interesting low energy phenomenology.

T. Daniel Brennan

2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

443

The role of loop stacking in the dynamics of DNA hairpin formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the dynamics of DNA hairpin formation using oxDNA, a nucleotide-level coarse-grained model of DNA. In particular, we explore the effects of the loop stacking interactions and non-native base pairing on the hairpin closing times. We find a non-monotonic variation of the hairpin closing time with temperature, in agreement with the experimental work of Wallace et al. [Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 2001, 98, 5584-5589]. The hairpin closing process involves the formation of an initial nucleus of one or two bonds between the stems followed by a rapid zippering of the stem. At high temperatures, typically above the hairpin melting temperature, an effective negative activation enthalpy is observed because the nucleus has a lower enthalpy than the open state. By contrast, at low temperatures, the activation enthalpy becomes positive mainly due to the increasing energetic cost of bending a loop that becomes increasingly highly stacked as the temperature decreases. We show that stacking must be very strong to induce this experimentally observed behavior, and that the existence of just a few weak stacking points along the loop can substantially suppress it. Non-native base pairs are observed to have only a small effect, slightly accelerating hairpin formation.

Majid Mosayebi; Flavio Romano; Thomas E. Ouldridge; Ard A. Louis; Jonathan P. K. Doye

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

444

The analytical basis for the resonances and anti-resonances of loop antennas and meta-material ring resonators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For Sustainable Energy Systems, College of Engineering and Computer Science, The Australian National University loops are relatively easy to build at the nano- scale and because RLC models clearly display resonan

445

Observations and modeling of the emerging EUV loops in the quiet Sun as seen with the Solar Dynamics Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We used data from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI), and Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on the \\textit{Solar Dynamics Observatory} (SDO) to study coronal loops at small scales, emerging in the quiet Sun. With HMI line-of-sight magnetograms, we derive the integrated and unsigned photospheric magnetic flux at the loop footpoints in the photosphere. These loops are bright in the EUV channels of AIA. Using the six AIA EUV filters, we construct the differential emission measure (DEM) in the temperature range $5.7 - 6.5$ in log $T$ (K) for several hours of observations. The observed DEMs have a peak distribution around log $T \\approx$ 6.3, falling rapidly at higher temperatures. For log $T temperature is calculated, and its time variations are compared with those of magnetic flux. We present two possibilities for explaining the observed DEMs and temperatures variations. (a) Assuming the observed loop...

Chitta, LP; van Ballegooijen, A A; DeLuca, E E; Hasan, S S; Hanslmeier, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Design of an experimental loop for post-LOCA heat transfer regimes in a Gas-cooled Fast Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this thesis is to design an experimental thermal-hydraulic loop capable of generating accurate, reliable data in various convection heat transfer regimes for use in the formulation of a comprehensive convection ...

Cochran, Peter A. (Peter Andrew)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Tyrosine B10 triggers a heme propionate hydrogen bonding network loop with glutamine E7 moiety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer H-bonding network loop by PheB10Tyr mutation is proposed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The propionate group H-bonding network restricted the flexibility of the heme. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hydrogen bonding interaction modulates the electron density of the iron. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Propionate H-bonding network loop explains the heme-ligand stabilization. -- Abstract: Propionates, as peripheral groups of the heme active center in hemeproteins have been described to contribute in the modulation of heme reactivity and ligand selection. These electronic characteristics prompted the question of whether the presence of hydrogen bonding networks between propionates and distal amino acids present in the heme ligand moiety can modulate physiological relevant events, like ligand binding association and dissociation activities. Here, the role of these networks was evaluated by NMR spectroscopy using the hemoglobin I PheB10Tyr mutant from Lucina pectinata as model for TyrB10 and GlnE7 hemeproteins. {sup 1}H-NMR results for the rHbICN PheB10Tyr derivative showed chemical shifts of TyrB10 OH{eta} at 31.00 ppm, GlnE7 N{sub {epsilon}1}H/N{sub {epsilon}2}H at 10.66 ppm/-3.27 ppm, and PheE11 C{sub {delta}}H at 11.75 ppm, indicating the presence of a crowded, collapsed, and constrained distal pocket. Strong dipolar contacts and inter-residues crosspeaks between GlnE7/6-propionate group, GlnE7/TyrB10 and TyrB10/CN suggest that this hydrogen bonding network loop between GlnE7, TyrB10, 6-propionate group, and the heme ligand contribute significantly to the modulation of the heme iron electron density as well as the ligand stabilization mechanism. Therefore, the network loop presented here support the fact that the electron withdrawing character of the hydrogen bonding is controlled by the interaction of the propionates and the nearby electronic environments contributing to the modulation of the heme electron density state. Thus, we hypothesize that in hemeproteins with similar electrostatic environment the flexibility of the heme-6-propionate promotes a hydrogen bonding network loop between the 6-propionate, the heme ligand and nearby amino acids, tailoring in this way the electron density in the heme-ligand moiety.

Ramos-Santana, Brenda J., E-mail: brenda.ramos@upr.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagueez Campus, P.O. Box 9019, Mayagueez 00681-9019 (Puerto Rico); Lopez-Garriga, Juan, E-mail: juan.lopez16@upr.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagueez Campus, P.O. Box 9019, Mayagueez 00681-9019 (Puerto Rico)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagueez Campus, P.O. Box 9019, Mayagueez 00681-9019 (Puerto Rico)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

448

Identification and open loop control of a simulated flexible space structure experimentally verified with a real flexible structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION A. ND OPEN LOOP CONTROL OF A SIMULATED FLEXIBLE SPACE STRUCTURE EXPERIMENTALLY VERIFIED WITH A REAL FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE A Thesis by STEPHEN ERIC MORGAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASSAM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering IDENTIFICATION AND OPEN LOOP CONTROL OF A SIMULATED FLEXIBLE SPACE STRUCTURE EXPERIMENTALLY VERIFIED WITH A REAL FLEXIBLE...

Morgan, Stephen Eric

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Phasing Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this work references minimalist composers and visual artist and composer Brian Eno. This thesis documents the research with analog and digital technologies, and the development of this installation....

Guinski, Rodrigo 1980-

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

Hydrogen and electricity from coal with carbon dioxide separation using chemical looping reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concern about global climate change has led to research on low CO{sub 2} emission in the process of the energy conversion of fossil fuel. One of the solutions is the conversion of fossil fuel into carbon-free energy carriers, hydrogen, and electricity with CO{sub 2} capture and storage. In this paper, the main purpose is to investigate the thermodynamics performance of converting coal to a hydrogen and electricity system with chemical-looping reactors and to explore the influences of operating parameters on the system performance. Using FeO/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} as an oxygen carrier, we propose a carbon-free coproduction system of hydrogen and electricity with chemical-looping reactors. The performance of the new system is simulated using ASPEN PLUS software tool. The influences of the chemical-looping reactor's temperature, steam conversion rate, and O{sub 2}/coal quality ratio on the system performance, and the exergy performance are discussed. The results show that a high-purity of H{sub 2} (99.9%) is reached and that CO{sub 2} can be separated. The system efficiency is 57.85% assuming steam reactor at 815 C and the steam conversion rate 37%. The system efficiency is affected by the steam conversion rate, rising from 53.17 to 58.33% with the increase of the steam conversion rate from 28 to 41%. The exergy efficiency is 54.25% and the losses are mainly in the process of gasification and HRSG. 14 refs., 12 figs., 3 tabs.

Xiang Wenguo; Chen Yingying [Southeast University, Nanjing (China). Key Laboratory of Clean Coal Power Generation and Combustion Technology of Ministry of Education

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Investigation of chemical looping combustion by solid fuels. 1. Process analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is the first in a series of two, where we present the concept of a CLC process of solid fuels using a circulating fluidized bed with three loop seals. The riser of this circulating fluidized bed was used as the oxidizer of the oxygen carrier; one of the loop seals was used as the reducer of the oxygen carrier and the separator for ash and oxygen carrier, and the other two loop seals were used for pressure balance in the solid recycle process. Pressure profiles of recycled solids using this process are presented in detail. For the development of an oxygen carrier, we focused on the establishment of a theoretical frame of oxygen transfer capability, reaction enthalpy, a chemical equilibrium, and kinetics. Analysis results indicated that Cu-, Ni-, and Co-based oxygen carriers may be the optimum oxygen carriers for the CLC of solid fuels. Thermodynamic analysis indicated that CO{sub 2} can be concentrated and purified to at least 99% purity for the gas-solid reaction mode or even higher for the solid-solid reaction mode on the basis of the selected oxygen carriers. A Cu-based oxygen carrier is the choice that has the potential to make the reducer self-sustaining or autothermal because of its exothermic nature during reduction. This would be beneficial for simplifying the operation of the reducer. The tendency of the Cu-based oxygen carriers to agglomerate can be eliminated by decreasing the operating temperature in the CLC system. In the second part of the series, we will evaluate the reduction kinetics of selected Cu-based oxygen carriers by coal and other 'opportunity solid fuels' using a simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry-thermogravimetric analysis to simulate a microreactor, using an X-ray diffractometer and a scanning electron microscope to characterize the solid residues, and a thermogravimetric analysis coupled with mass spectra to characterize the evolved gas compositions. 46 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Yan Cao; Wei-Ping Pan [Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY (United States). Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

Power Hardware-in-the-Loop (PHIL) Testing Facility for Distributed Energy Storage (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growing deployment of distributed, variable generation and evolving end-user load profiles presents a unique set of challenges to grid operators responsible for providing reliable and high quality electrical service. Mass deployment of distributed energy storage systems (DESS) has the potential to solve many of the associated integration issues while offering reliability and energy security benefits other solutions cannot. However, tools to develop, optimize, and validate DESS control strategies and hardware are in short supply. To fill this gap, NREL has constructed a power hardware-in-the-loop (PHIL) test facility that connects DESS, grid simulator, and load bank hardware to a distribution feeder simulation.

Neubauer.J.; Lundstrom, B.; Simpson, M.; Pratt, A.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Automated one-loop calculations with GoSam 2.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the version 2.0 of the program GoSam, which is a public program package to compute one-loop corrections to multi-particle processes. The extended version of the "Binoth-Les-Houches-Accord" interface to Monte Carlo programs is also implemented. This allows a large flexibility regarding the combination of the code with various Monte Carlo programs to produce fully differential NLO results, including the possibility of parton showering and hadronisation. We describe the new features of the code and illustrate the wide range of applicability for multi-particle processes at NLO, both within and beyond the Standard Model.

H. van Deurzen; N. Greiner; G. Heinrich; G. Luisoni; P. Mastrolia; E. Mirabella; G. Ossola; T. Peraro; J. Schlenk; J. F. von Soden-Fraunhofen; F. Tramontano

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

454

Predictive wavefront control for Adaptive Optics with arbitrary control loop delays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a modification of the closed-loop state space model for AO control which allows delays that are a non-integer multiple of the system frame rate. We derive the new forms of the Predictive Fourier Control Kalman filters for arbitrary delays and show that they are linear combinations of the whole-frame delay terms. This structure of the controller is independent of the delay. System stability margins and residual error variance both transition gracefully between integer-frame delays.

Poyneer, L A; Veran, J

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

455

Free energy of static quarks and the renormalized Polyakov loop in full QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from a detailed study of singlet free energies in full QCD with realistic quark masses. An improved scheme for the non-perturbative renormalization of the Polyakov loop is used and we compare its temperature dependence for QCD with different flavor content. We also analyze screening masses extracted from singlet free energies at various temperatures close to and above the QCD transition temperature. We conclude that the temperature dependence of screening masses is well described by perturbation theory up to a non-perturbative pre-factor. An effective running coupling has been determined for all temperature values giving additional insight into screening phenomena at high temperature.

K. Petrov; for the RBC-Bielefeld Collaboration

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

456

Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article addresses the issue of the closure of the algebra of constraints for generic (cosmological) perturbations when taking into account simultaneously the two main corrections of effective loop quantum cosmology, namely the holonomy and the inverse-volume terms. Previous works on either the holonomy or the inverse volume case are reviewed and generalized. In the inverse-volume case, we point out new possibilities. An anomaly-free solution including both corrections is found for perturbations, and the corresponding equations of motion are derived.

Thomas Cailleteau; Linda Linsefors; Aurelien Barrau

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

Coherent open-loop optimal control of light-harvesting dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply theoretically open-loop quantum optimal control techniques to provide methods for the verification of various quantum coherent transport mechanisms in natural and artificial light-harvesting complexes under realistic experimental constraints. We demonstrate that optimally shaped laser pulses allow to faithfully prepare the photosystem in specified initial states (such as localized excitation or coherent superposition, i.e. propagating and non-propagating states) and to probe efficiently the dynamics. These results provide a path towards the discrimination of the different transport pathways and to the characterization of environmental properties, enhancing our understanding of the role that coherent processes may play in biological complexes.

Filippo Caruso; Simone Montangero; Tommaso Calarco; Susana F. Huelga; Martin B. Plenio

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

458

Kinks, loops, and protein folding, with protein A as an example  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamics and energetics of formation of loops in the 46-residue N-terminal fragment of the B-domain of staphylococcal protein A has been studied. Numerical simulations have been performed using coarse-grained molecular dynamics with the united-residue (UNRES) force field. The results have been analyzed in terms of a kink (heteroclinic standing wave solution) of a generalized discrete nonlinear Schrdinger (DNLS) equation. In the case of proteins, the DNLS equation arises from a C{sup ?}-trace-based energy function. Three individual kink profiles were identified in the experimental three-?-helix structure of protein A, in the range of the Glu16-Asn29, Leu20-Asn29, and Gln33-Asn44 residues, respectively; these correspond to two loops in the native structure. UNRES simulations were started from the full right-handed ?-helix to obtain a clear picture of kink formation, which would otherwise be blurred by helix formation. All three kinks emerged during coarse-grained simulations. It was found that the formation of each is accompanied by a local free energy increase; this is expressed as the change of UNRES energy which has the physical sense of the potential of mean force of a polypeptide chain. The increase is about 7 kcal/mol. This value can thus be considered as the free energy barrier to kink formation in full ?-helical segments of polypeptide chains. During the simulations, the kinks emerge, disappear, propagate, and annihilate each other many times. It was found that the formation of a kink is initiated by an abrupt change in the orientation of a pair of consecutive side chains in the loop region. This resembles the formation of a Bloch wall along a spin chain, where the C{sup ?} backbone corresponds to the chain, and the amino acid side chains are interpreted as the spin variables. This observation suggests that nearest-neighbor side chainside chain interactions are responsible for initiation of loop formation. It was also found that the individual kinks are reflected as clear peaks in the principal modes of the analyzed trajectory of protein A, the shapes of which resemble the directional derivatives of the kinks along the chain. These observations suggest that the kinks of the DNLS equation determine the functionally important motions of proteins.

Krokhotin, Andrey, E-mail: Andrei.Krokhotine@cern.ch [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 803, S-75108 Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 803, S-75108 Uppsala (Sweden); Liwo, Adam, E-mail: adam@chem.univ.gda.pl [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, ul. Sobieskiego 18, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)] [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, ul. Sobieskiego 18, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Maisuradze, Gia G., E-mail: gm56@cornell.edu; Scheraga, Harold A., E-mail: has5@cornell.edu [Baker Laboratory of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-1301 (United States); Niemi, Antti J., E-mail: Antti.Niemi@physics.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 803, S-75108 Uppsala (Sweden); Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique CNRS UMR 6083, Fdration Denis Poisson, Universit de Tours, Parc de Grandmont, F37200 Tours, France and Department of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Haidian District, Beijing 100081 (China)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

459

Temporal Loop Multiplexing: A resource efficient scheme for multiplexed photon-pair sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single photons are a vital resource for photonic quantum information processing. However, even state-of-the-art single photon sources based on photon-pair generation and heralding detection have only a low probability of delivering a single photon when one is requested. We analyse a scheme that uses a switched fibre delay loop to increase the delivery probability per time bin of single photons from heralded sources. We show that, for realistic experimental parameters, combining the output of up to 15 pulses can yield a performance improvement of a factor of 10. We consider the future performance of this scheme with likely component improvements.

Francis-Jones, Robert J A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Why are the effective equations of loop quantum cosmology so accurate?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We point out that the relative Heisenberg uncertainty relations vanish for non-compact spaces in homogeneous loop quantum cosmology. As a consequence, for sharply peaked states quantum fluctuations in the scale factor never become important, even near the bounce point. This shows why quantum back-reaction effects remain negligible and explains the surprising accuracy of the effective equations in describing the dynamics of sharply peaked wave packets. This also underlines the fact that minisuperspace models ---where it is global variables that are quantized--- do not capture the local quantum fluctuations of the geometry.

Carlo Rovelli; Edward Wilson-Ewing

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Dual Loop Parallel/Series Waste Heat Recovery System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent(CRADA andDriving Innovation at theDryDual Loop

462

Hard Thermal Loops, Weak Gravitational Fields and The Quark Gluon Energy Momentum Tensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use an auxiliary field construction to discuss the hard thermal loop effective action associated with massless thermal SU(N) QCD interacting with a weak gravitational field. It is demonstrated that the previous attempt to derive this effective action has only been partially successful and that it is presently only known to first order in the graviton coupling constant. This is still sufficient to enable a calculation of a symmetric traceless quark gluon plasma energy momentum tensor. Finally, we comment on the conserved currents and charges of the derived energy momentum tensor.

E. A. Gaffney

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

463

SDO/AIA AND HINODE/EIS OBSERVATIONS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN AN EUV WAVE AND ACTIVE REGION LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present detailed analysis of an extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave and its interaction with active region (AR) loops observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). This wave was initiated from AR 11261 on 2011 August 4 and propagated at velocities of 430-910 km s{sup 1}. It was observed to traverse another AR and cross over a filament channel on its path. The EUV wave perturbed neighboring AR loops and excited a disturbance that propagated toward the footpoints of these loops. EIS observations of AR loops revealed that at the time of the wave transit, the original redshift increased by about 3 km s{sup 1}, while the original blueshift decreased slightly. After the wave transit, these changes were reversed. When the EUV wave arrived at the boundary of a polar coronal hole, two reflected waves were successively produced and part of them propagated above the solar limb. The first reflected wave above the solar limb encountered a large-scale loop system on its path, and a secondary wave rapidly emerged 144 Mm ahead of it at a higher speed. These findings can be explained in the framework of a fast-mode magnetosonic wave interpretation for EUV waves, in which observed EUV waves are generated by expanding coronal mass ejections.

Yang, Liheng; Zhang, Jun; Li, Ting [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Liu, Wei [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Shen, Yuandeng, E-mail: yangliheng@bao.ac.cn, E-mail: zjun@bao.ac.cn, E-mail: liting@bao.ac.cn [Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University, Kyoto 607-8471 (Japan)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

464

SDO/AIA and Hinode/EIS Observations of Interaction Between an EUV Wave and Active Region Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present detailed analysis of an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wave and its interaction with active region (AR) loops observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). This wave was initiated from AR 11261 on 2011 August 4 and propagated at velocities of 430--910 km\\s. It was observed to traverse another AR and cross over a filament channel on its path. The EUV wave perturbed neighboring AR loops and excited a disturbance that propagated toward the footpoints of these loops. EIS observations of AR loops revealed that at the time of the wave transit, the original redshift increased by about 3 km\\s, while the original blueshift decreased slightly. After the wave transit, these changes were reversed. When the EUV wave arrived at the boundary of a polar coronal hole, two reflected waves were successively produced and part of them propagated above the solar limb. The first reflected wave above the solar limb encountered a large-scale loop system on...

Yang, Liheng; Liu, Wei; Li, Ting; Shen, Yuandeng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Plane wave holonomies in loop quantum gravity II: sine wave solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper constructs an approximate sinusoidal wave packet solution to the equations of loop quantum gravity (LQG). There is an SU(2) holonomy on each edge of the LQG simplex, and the goal is to study the behavior of these holonomies under the influence of a passing gravitational wave. The equations are solved in a small sine approximation: holonomies are expanded in powers of sines, and terms beyond $\\sin^2$ are dropped; also, fields vary slowly from vertex to vertex. The wave is unidirectional and linearly polarized. The Hilbert space is spanned by a set of coherent states tailored to the symmetry of the plane wave case. Fixing the spatial diffeomorphisms is equivalent to fixing the spatial interval between vertices of the loop quantum gravity lattice. This spacing can be chosen such that the eigenvalues of the triad operators are large, as required in the small sine limit, even though the holonomies are not large. Appendices compute the energy of the wave, estimate the lifetime of the coherent state packet, discuss coarse-graining, and determine the behavior of the spinors used in the U(N) SHO realization of LQG.

Donald E. Neville

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

466

Carbon, Helium and Proton Kinetic Temperatures in a Cygnus Loop Shock Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of SN1006 have shown that ions and electrons in the plasma behind fast supernova remnant shock waves are far from equilibrium, with the electron temperature much lower than the proton temperature and ion temperatures approximately proportional to ion mass. In the ~360 km/s shock waves of the Cygnus Loop, on the other hand, electron and ion temperatures are roughly equal, and there is evidence that the oxygen kinetic temperature is not far from the proton temperature. In this paper we report observations of the He II lambda 1640 line and the C IV lambda 1550 doublet in a 360 km/s shock in the Cygnus Loop. While the best fit kinetic temperatures are somewhat higher than the proton temperature, the temperatures of He and C are consistent with the proton temperature and the upper limits are 0.5 and 0.3 times the mass-proportional temperatures, implying efficient thermal equilibration in this collisionless shock. The equilibration of helium and hydrogen affects the conversion between proton temperatur...

Raymond, J C; Ghavamian, P; Blair, W P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Pilot study of commercial water-loop heat pump compressor life  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study of the service life of water-loop heat pump compressors in commercial office buildings, using data gathered from the service records of one heat pump service contractor, focused on the replacement of compressors in small console ( perimeter'') water-loop heat pumps and in larger vertical and horizontal ( core'') units. A statistical methodology for dealing with censored data was developed for this study which is an extension of the methodologies used in other EPRI studies of heat pump and heat pump compressor life. By extrapolating a Weibull distribution curve fitted to the data, the median service life of the sample of perimeter unit compressors (the age at which 50% of the original population of compressors would be expected to have been replaced) was estimated to be 47 years. The median service life of a sample that excluded compressors with a known manufacturing defect was estimated to be 69 years. Core unit compressor replacements were analyzed in the same manner. Extrapolation of a Weibull distribution yielded an estimated median service life of core unit compressors of 12 years. As with the perimeter unit compressors, there was an identified manufacturing defect. When the compressors with the identified fault were excluded from the sample and the data reanalyzed, the median service life for the compressors in the remainder of the buildings was estimated to be 18 years.

Ross, D.P. (Policy Research Associates, Inc., Reston, VA (USA))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Waste Heat Recovery from the Advanced Test Reactor Secondary Coolant Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigated the feasibility of using a waste heat recovery system (WHRS) to recover heat from the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) secondary coolant system (SCS). This heat would be used to preheat air for space heating of the reactor building, thus reducing energy consumption, carbon footprint, and energy costs. Currently, the waste heat from the reactor is rejected to the atmosphere via a four-cell, induced-draft cooling tower. Potential energy and cost savings are 929 kW and $285K/yr. The WHRS would extract a tertiary coolant stream from the SCS loop and pump it to a new plate and frame heat exchanger, from which the heat would be transferred to a glycol loop for preheating outdoor air supplied to the heating and ventilation system. The use of glycol was proposed to avoid the freezing issues that plagued and ultimately caused the failure of a WHRS installed at the ATR in the 1980s. This study assessed the potential installation of a new WHRS for technical, logistical, and economic feasibility.

Donna Post Guillen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

ICFT: An initial closed-loop flow test of the Fenton Hill Phase II HDR reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 30-day closed-loop circulation test of the Phase II Hot Dry Rock reservoir at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, was conducted to determine the thermal, hydraulic, chemical, and seismic characteristics of the reservoir in preparation for a long-term energy-extraction test. The Phase II heat-extraction loop was successfully tested with the injection of 37,000 m/sup 3/ of cold water and production of 23,300 m/sup 3/ of hot water. Up to 10 MW/sub t/ was extracted when the production flow rate reached 0.0139 m/sup 3//s at 192/degree/C. By the end of the test, the water-loss rate had decreased to 26% and a significant portion of the injected water was recovered; 66% during the test and an additional 20% during subsequent venting. Analysis of thermal, hydraulic, geochemical, tracer, and seismic data suggests the fractured volume of the reservoir was growing throughout the test. 19 refs., 64 figs., 19 tabs.

Dash, Z.V. (ed.); Aguilar, R.G.; Dennis, B.R.; Dreesen, D.S.; Fehler, M.C.; Hendron, R.H.; House, L.S.; Ito, H.; Kelkar, S.M.; Malzahn, M.V.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

TSIL: a program for the calculation of two-loop self-energy integrals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TSIL is a library of utilities for the numerical calculation of dimensionally regularized two-loop self-energy integrals. A convenient basis for these functions is given by the integrals obtained at the end of O.V. Tarasov's recurrence relation algorithm. The program computes the values of all of these basis functions, for arbitrary input masses and external momentum. When analytical expressions in terms of polylogarithms are available, they are used. Otherwise, the evaluation proceeds by a Runge-Kutta integration of the coupled first-order differential equations for the basis integrals, using the external momentum invariant as the independent variable. The starting point of the integration is provided by known analytic expressions at (or near) zero external momentum. The code is written in C, and may be linked from C/C++ or Fortran. A Fortran interface is provided. We describe the structure and usage of the program, and provide a simple example application. We also compute two new cases analytically, and compare all of our notations and conventions for the two-loop self-energy integrals to those used by several other groups.

Stephen P. Martin; David G. Robertson

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Wide tracking range, auto ranging, low jitter phase lock loop for swept and fixed frequency systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a wide tracking range phase locked loop (PLL) circuit that achieves minimal jitter in a recovered clock signal, regardless of the source of the jitter (i.e. whether it is in the source or the transmission media). The present invention PLL has automatic harmonic lockout detection circuitry via a novel lock and seek control logic in electrical communication with a programmable frequency discriminator and a code balance detector. (The frequency discriminator enables preset of a frequency window of upper and lower frequency limits to derive a programmable range within which signal acquisition is effected. The discriminator works in combination with the code balance detector circuit to minimize the sensitivity of the PLL circuit to random data in the data stream). In addition, the combination of a differential loop integrator with the lock and seek control logic obviates a code preamble and guarantees signal acquisition without harmonic lockup. An adaptive cable equalizer is desirably used in combination with the present invention PLL to recover encoded transmissions containing a clock and/or data. The equalizer automatically adapts to equalize short haul cable lengths of coaxial and twisted pair cables or wires and provides superior jitter performance itself. The combination of the equalizer with the present invention PLL is desirable in that such combination permits the use of short haul wires without significant jitter.

Kerner, Thomas M. (Manorville, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY OBSERVATIONS OF CORONAL LOOPS: CROSS-FIELD TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct revised response functions for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) using the new atomic data, ionization equilibria, and coronal abundances available in CHIANTI 7.1. We then use these response functions in multithermal analysis of coronal loops, which allows us to determine a specific cross-field temperature distribution without ad hoc assumptions. Our method uses data from the six coronal filters and the Monte Carlo solutions available from our differential emission measure (DEM) analysis. The resulting temperature distributions are not consistent with isothermal plasma. Therefore, the observed loops cannot be modeled as single flux tubes and must be composed of a collection of magnetic strands. This result is now supported by observations from the High-resolution Coronal Imager, which show fine-scale braiding of coronal strands that are reconnecting and releasing energy. Multithermal analysis is one of the major scientific goals of AIA, and these results represent an important step toward the successful achievement of that goal. As AIA DEM analysis becomes more straightforward, the solar community will be able to take full advantage of the state-of-the-art spatial, temporal, and temperature resolution of the instrument.

Schmelz, J. T.; Jenkins, B. S.; Pathak, S., E-mail: jschmelz@memphis.edu [Physics Department, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

Self-avoiding worm-like chain model for dsDNA loop formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute for the first time the effects of excluded volume on the probability for double-stranded DNA to form a loop. We utilize a Monte-Carlo algorithm for generation of large ensembles of self- avoiding worm-like chains, which are used to compute the J-factor for varying lengthscales. In the entropic regime, we confirm the scaling-theory prediction of a power-law drop off of -1.92, which is significantly stronger than the -1.5 power-law predicted by the non-self-avoiding worm-like chain model. In the elastic regime, we find that the angle-independent end-to-end chain distribution is highly anisotropic. This anisotropy, combined with the excluded volume constraints, lead to an increase in the J-factor of the self-avoiding worm-like chain by about half an order of magnitude relative to its non-self-avoiding counterpart. This increase could partially explain the anomalous results of recent cyclization experiments, in which short dsDNA molecules were found to have an increased propensity to form a loop.

Yaroslav Pollak; Sarah Goldberg; Roee Amit

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

474

Integrating desulfurization with CO{sub 2}-capture in chemical-looping combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is an emerging technology for clean combustion. We have previously demonstrated that the embedding of metal nanoparticles into a nanostructured ceramic matrix can result in unusually active and sinter-resistant nanocomposite oxygen carrier materials for CLC which maintain high reactivity and high-temperature stability even when sulfur contaminated fuels are used in CLC. Here, we propose a novel process scheme for in situ desulfurization of syngas with simultaneous CO{sub 2}-capture in chemical looping combustion by using these robust nanocomposite oxygen carriers simultaneously as sulfur-capture materials. We found that a nanocomposite Cu-BHA carrier can indeed strongly reduce the H{sub 2}S concentration in the fuel reactor effluent. However, during the process the support matrix is also sulfidized and takes part in the redox process of CLC. This results in SO{sub 2} production during the reduction of the oxygen carrier and thus limits the degree of desulfurization attainable with this kind of carrier. Nevertheless, the results suggest that simultaneous desulfurization and CO{sub 2} capture in CLC is feasible with Cu as oxygen carrier as long as appropriate carrier support materials are chosen, and could result in a novel, strongly intensified process for low-emission, high efficiency combustion of sulfur contaminated fuel streams.

Solunke, Rahul; Veser, Goetz

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Symbol of Uniqueness: The Cluster Bootstrap for the 3-Loop MHV Heptagon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seven-particle scattering amplitudes in planar super-Yang-Mills theory are believed to belong to a special class of generalised polylogarithm functions called heptagon functions. These are functions with physical branch cuts whose symbols may be written in terms of the 42 cluster A-coordinates on Gr(4,7). Motivated by the success of the hexagon bootstrap programme for constructing six-particle amplitudes we initiate the systematic study of the symbols of heptagon functions. We find that there is exactly one such symbol of weight six which satisfies the MHV last-entry condition and is finite in the $7 \\parallel 6$ collinear limit. This unique symbol is both dihedral and parity-symmetric, and remarkably its collinear limit is exactly the symbol of the three-loop six-particle MHV amplitude, although none of these properties were assumed a priori. It must therefore be the symbol of the three-loop seven-particle MHV amplitude. The simplicity of its construction suggests that the n-gon bootstrap may be surprisingly powerful for n>6.

James M. Drummond; Georgios Papathanasiou; Marcus Spradlin

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

476

Pulse*Star Inertial Confinement Fusion Reactor: heat transfer loop and balance of plant considerations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual heat transfer loop and balance of plant design for the Pulse*Star Inertial Confinement Fusion Reactor has been investigated and results are presented. The Pulse*Star reaction vessel, a perforated steel bell jar approximately 11 m in diameter, is immersed in Li/sub 17/Pb/sub 83/ coolant which flows through the perforations and forms a 1.5 m thick plenum of droplets around an 8 m diameter inner chamber. The reactor and associated pumps, piping, and steam generators are contained within a 17 m diameter pool of Li/sub 17/Pb/sub 83/ coolant to minimize structural requirements and occupied space, resulting in reduced cost. Four parallel heat transfer loops with flow rates of 5.5 m/sup 3//s each are necessary to transfer 3300 MWt of power. The steam generator design was optimized by finding the most cost-effective combination of heat exchanger area and pumping power. Power balance calculations based on an improved electrical conversion efficiency revealed a net electrical output of 1260 MWe to the bus bar and a resulting net efficiency of 39%. Suggested balance-of-plant layouts are also presented.

McDowell, M.W.; Murray, K.A.

1984-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

477

Bellows-Type Accumulators for Liquid Metal Loops of Space Reactor Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In many space nuclear power systems, the primary and/or secondary loops use liquid metal working fluids, and require accumulators to accommodate the change in the liquid metal volume and maintain sufficient subcooling to avoid boiling. This paper developed redundant and light-weight bellows-type accumulators with and without a mechanical spring, and compared the operating condition and mass of the accumulators for different types of liquid metal working fluids and operating temperatures: potassium, NaK-78, sodium and lithium loops of a total capacity of 50 liters and nominal operating temperatures of 840 K, 860 K, 950 K and 1340 K, respectively. The effects of using a mechanical spring and different structural materials on the design, operation and mass of the accumulators are also investigated. The structure materials considered include SS-316, Hastelloy-X, C-103 and Mo-14Re. The accumulator without a mechanical spring weighs 23 kg and 40 kg for a coolant subcooling of 50 K and 100 K, respectively, following a loss of the fill gas. The addition of a mechanical spring comes with a mass penalty, in favor of higher redundancy and maintaining a higher liquid metal subcooling.

Tournier, Jean-Michel; El-Genk, Mohamed S. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States); Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States)

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

478

Resumming planar diagrams for the N=6 ABJM cusped Wilson loop in light-cone gauge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyse a light-like cusped Wilson loop in N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory at both weak and strong coupling in light-cone gauge. At the second order in the 't Hooft coupling $\\lambda$ the correct cusp anomalous dimension $\\Gamma_{\\rm cusp}=-\\phi / 2 \\lambda^2$ is recovered through a deformation of the contour that takes both rays of the cusp slightly off of the light-cone. The strong coupling behaviour is addressed by means of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for ladders of tree-level gauge propagators and ladders of one-loop corrected gauge propagators. It turns out that, as might be expected, the contribution of Chern-Simons tree-level propagators is insensitive of the cusp angle $\\phi$. On the other hand, corrected propagators lead to an exponential large $\\lambda$ behaviour $\\Gamma_{\\rm cusp} \\sim \\exp\\sqrt{\\lambda\\phi}$ which, though, disagrees with the AdS/CFT predictions in the power of $\\phi$.

Daniele Marmiroli

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

479

Design of State-based Schedulers for a Network of Control Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a closed-loop system, which has a contention-based multiple access network on its sensor link, the Medium Access Controller (MAC) may discard some packets when the traffic on the link is high. We use a local state-based scheduler to select a few critical data packets to send to the MAC. In this paper, we analyze the impact of such a scheduler on the closed-loop system in the presence of traffic, and show that there is a dual effect with state-based scheduling. In general, this makes the optimal scheduler and controller hard to find. However, by removing past controls from the scheduling criterion, we find that certainty equivalence holds. This condition is related to the classical result of Bar-Shalom and Tse, and it leads to the design of a scheduler with a certainty equivalent controller. This design, however, does not result in an equivalent system to the original problem, in the sense of Witsenhausen. Computing the estimate is difficult, but can be simplified by introducing a symmetry constraint on th...

Ramesh, Chithrupa; Johansson, Karl H

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Loop-closure events during protein folding: Rationalizing the shape of Phi-value distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past years, the folding kinetics of many small single-domain proteins has been characterized by mutational Phi-value analysis. In this article, a simple, essentially parameter-free model is introduced which derives folding routes from native structures by minimizing the entropic loop-closure cost during folding. The model predicts characteristic folding sequences of structural elements such as helices and beta-strand pairings. Based on few simple rules, the kinetic impact of these structural elements is estimated from the routes and compared to average experimental Phi-values for the helices and strands of 15 small, well-characterized proteins. The comparison leads on average to a correlation coefficient of 0.62 for all proteins with polarized Phi-value distributions, and 0.74 if distributions with negative average Phi-values are excluded. The diffuse Phi-value distributions of the remaining proteins are reproduced correctly. The model shows that Phi-value distributions, averaged over secondary structural elements, can often be traced back to entropic loop-closure events, but also indicates energetic preferences in the case of a few proteins governed by parallel folding processes.

Thomas R. Weikl

2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

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481

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cells use feedback to implement a diverse range of regulatory functions. Building synthetic feedback control systems may yield insight into the roles that feedback can play in regulation since it can be introduced independently of native regulation, and alternative control architectures can be compared. We propose a model for microbial biofuel production where a synthetic control system is used to increase cell viability and biofuel yields. Although microbes can be engineered to produce biofuels, the fuels are often toxic to cell growth, creating a negative feedback loop that limits biofuel production. These toxic effects may be mitigated by expressing efflux pumps that export biofuel from the cell. We developed a model for cell growth and biofuel production and used it to compare several genetic control strategies for their ability to improve biofuel yields. We show that controlling efflux pump expression directly with a biofuel-responsive promoter is a straight forward way of improving biofuel production. In addition, a feed forward loop controller is shown to be versatile at dealing with uncertainty in biofuel production rates.

Dunlop, Mary; Keasling, Jay; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

482

Test Report on ISR Double-Loop, Spray-Cooled Inverter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Isothermal Systems Research, Inc. (ISR) double-loop, two-phase spray cooling system was designed to use 85 C transmission oil to cool a heat exchanger via a second cooling loop. The heat exchanger condenses the working fluid vapor back to liquid inside a sealed enclosure to allow for continuous spray cooling of electronics. In the ORNL tests, 85 C water/ethylene/glycol (WEG), which has better thermal properties than transmission oil, was substituted for the transmission oil. Because the ISR spray-cooling system requires a second cooling loop, the final inverter might be inherently larger than inverters that do not require a second-loop cooling system. The ISR test setup did not include a dc bus capacitor. Because the insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) conduction test indicated that the ISR test setup could not be properly loaded thermally, no switching tests were conducted. Therefore it was not necessary to attach external capacitors outside the test setup. During load situations not exceeding 400A, the WEG inlet temperature was higher than the WEG outlet temperature. This meant that the 85 C WEG heat exchanger was not cooling the inverter and became a thermal load to the inverter. Only when the load was higher than 400A with a higher coolant temperature and the release valve actuated did the WEG heat exchanger start to cool the 2-phase coolant. The inverter relied strongly on the cooling of the huge aluminum enclosure located inside the ventilation chamber. In a hybrid vehicle, the inverter is situated under the hood, where the dependency on cooling provided by the enclosure may become a problem. The IGBT power dissipation with both sides being spray cooled was around 34 W/cm{sup 2} at 403A, with 995W total IGBT loss at 113.5 C projected junction temperature before the release valve was actuated. The current loading could rise higher than 403 A before reaching the 125 C junction temperature limit if the pressure buildup inside the enclosure could be prevented by improving the secondary cooling loop. This 34 w/cm{sup 2} was an average across all dies. There is no doubt that the cooling capability of the ISR spray-cooling test setup can be improved by (1) lowering the WEG inlet temperature from 85 C to say 70 C, this would condense the vapor better and lower the container pressure, (2) modification of the vapor condenser inside the container to cool both the vapor and the liquid of the 2-phase coolant, in the present setup only the vapor is cooled by the condenser inside the container, and (3) lower the liquid temperature through (1) and (2) to avoid the vaporization that causes cavitations in the pump for ensuring the pump's life expectance.

Hsu, John S [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Lowe, Kirk T [ORNL; McFee, Marshall T [ORNL

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

High-loop perturbative renormalization constants for Lattice QCD (III): three-loop quark currents for Iwasaki gauge action and n_f=4 Wilson fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is the third of a series of papers on three-loop computation of renormalization constants for Lattice QCD. Our main point of interest are results for the regularization defined by Iwasaki gauge action and n_f=4 Wilson fermions. Our results for quark bilinears renormalized according to the RI'-MOM scheme can be compared to non-perturbative results. The latter are available for Twisted Mass QCD: being defined in the chiral limit, renormalization constants must be the same. We also address more general problems. In particular, we discuss a few methodological issues connected to summing the perturbative series such as the effectiveness of Boosted Perturbation Theory and the disentanglement of irrelevant and finite volume contributions. Discussing these issues we consider ont only the new results of this paper, but also those for the regularization defined by tree-level Symanzik improved gauge action and n_f=2 Wilson fermions, which we presented in a recent paper of ours. We finally comment to which extent the techniques we put at work in the NSPT context can provide a fresher look into the lattice version of the RI'-MOM scheme.

M. Brambilla; F. Di Renzo; M. Hasegawa

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

484

DIRECT CONTACT HEAT EXCHANGER 10 kW POWER LOOP. SECTION 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. SECTION 2: TEST SERIES NO. 1. SECTION 3; TEST SERIES NO. 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Exchangers to Geothermal Power Production Cycles",Heat Exchanger to Geothermal Power Production Cycles",4057702. o m SUMMARY The geothermal power loop was modified

Engineering, Barber-Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Representations of the $SU(N)$ $T$-algebra and the loop representation in $1+1$-dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the phase-space of Yang-Mills on a cylindrical space-time ($S^1 \\times {\\bf R}$) and the associated algebra of gauge-invariant functions, the $T$-variables. We solve the Mandelstam identities both classically and quantum-mechanically by considering the $T$-variables as functions of the eigenvalues of the holonomy and their associated momenta. It is shown that there are two inequivalent representations of the quantum $T$-algebra. Then we compare this reduced phase space approach to Dirac quantization and find it to give essentially equivalent results. We proceed to define a loop representation in each of these two cases. One of these loop representations (for $N=2$) is more or less equivalent to the usual loop representation.

J. Hallin

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Two-loop helicity amplitudes for the production of two off-shell electroweak bosons in gluon fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the part of the two-loop virtual amplitude for the process $gg \\to V_1 V_2 \\to (l_1 \\bar l'_{1}) (l_2 \\bar l'_2)$, where $V_{1,2}$ are arbitrary electroweak gauge bosons, that receives contributions from loops of massless quarks. Invariant masses of electroweak bosons are allowed to be different from each other. Our result provides an important ingredient for improving the description of gluon fusion contribution to the production of four-lepton final states at the LHC.

Caola, Fabrizio; Melnikov, Kirill; Smirnov, Alexander V; Smirnov, Vladimir A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Recovery Act: Novel Oxygen Carriers for Coal-fueled Chemical Looping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) could totally negate the necessity of pure oxygen by using oxygen carriers for purification of CO{sub 2} stream during combustion. It splits the single fuel combustion reaction into two linked reactions using oxygen carriers. The two linked reactions are the oxidation of oxygen carriers in the air reactor using air, and the reduction of oxygen carriers in the fuel reactor using fuels (i.e. coal). Generally metal/metal oxides are used as oxygen carriers and operated in a cyclic mode. Chemical looping combustion significantly improves the energy conversion efficiency, in terms of the electricity generation, because it improves the reversibility of the fuel combustion process through two linked parallel processes, compared to the conventional combustion process, which is operated far away from its thermo-equilibrium. Under the current carbon-constraint environment, it has been a promising carbon capture technology in terms of fuel combustion for power generation. Its disadvantage is that it is less mature in terms of technological commercialization. In this DOE-funded project, accomplishment is made by developing a series of advanced copper-based oxygen carriers, with properties of the higher oxygen-transfer capability, a favorable thermodynamics to generate high purity of CO{sub 2}, the higher reactivity, the attrition-resistance, the thermal stability in red-ox cycles and the achievement of the auto-thermal heat balance. This will be achieved into three phases in three consecutive years. The selected oxygen carriers with final-determined formula were tested in a scaled-up 10kW coal-fueled chemical looping combustion facility. This scaled-up evaluation tests (2-day, 8-hour per day) indicated that, there was no tendency of agglomeration of copper-based oxygen carriers. Only trace-amount of coke or carbon deposits on the copper-based oxygen carriers in the fuel reactor. There was also no evidence to show the sulphidization of oxygen carriers in the system by using the high-sulfur-laden asphalt fuels. In all, the scaled-up test in 10 kW CLC facility demonstrated that the preparation method of copper-based oxygen carrier not only help to maintain its good reactivity, also largely minimize its agglomeration tendency.

Pan, Wei-Ping; Cao, Yan

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

488

The nucleon thermal width due to pion-baryon loops and its contribution in Shear viscosity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the real-time thermal field theory, the standard expression of shear viscosity for the nucleonic constituents is derived from the two point function of nucleonic viscous stress tensors at finite temperature and density. The finite thermal width or Landau damping is traditionally included in the nucleon propagators. This thermal width is calculated from the in-medium self-energy of nucleon for different possible pion-baryon loops. The dynamical part of nucleon-pion-baryon interactions are taken care by the effective Lagrangian densities of standard hadronic model. The shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of nucleonic component decreases with the temperature and increases with the nucleon chemical potential. However, adding the contribution of pionic component, total viscosity to entropy density ratio also reduces with the nucleon chemical potential when the mixing effect between pion and nucleon components in the mixed gas is considered. Within the hadronic domain, viscosity to entropy density ratio of ...

Ghosh, Sabyasachi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Assessment of High-Temperature Measurements for Use in the Gas Test Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature transducers capable of control and test measurements in the 1400-1800C range in the fast neutron irradiation environment of the Gas Test Loop are evaluated. Among the instruments discussed are high-temperature thermocouples, resistance temperature detectors, ultrasonic thermometers, noise thermometers, and optical temperature sensors. High-temperature capability, behavior under irradiation, technical maturity, cost, and availability are among the key factors considered in assessing the relative merits of each measurement method. In the near term, the doped molybdenum versus niobium-zirconium alloy thermocouple is deemed to be best suited to the in-pile test and control requirements. Additional characterization of this thermocouple combination is needed to ensure confidence in its performance. Use of tungsten-rhenium alloy thermocouples, with specific disadvantages noted, constitutes the recommended back-up position.

S. Curt Wilkins; Robert P. Evans

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

One-Loop Effective Action and Schwinger Effect in (Anti-) de Sitter Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Schwinger mechanism by a uniform electric field in ${\\rm dS}_2$ and ${\\rm AdS}_2$ and the curvature effect on the Schwinger effect, and further propose a thermal interpretation of the Schwinger formula in terms of the Gibbons-Hawking temperature and the Unruh temperature for an accelerating charge in ${\\rm dS}_2$ and an analogous expression in ${\\rm AdS}_2$. The exact one-loop effective action is found in the proper-time integral in each space, which is determined by the effective mass, the Maxwell scalar, and the scalar curvature, and whose pole structure gives the imaginary part of the effective action and the exact pair-production rate. The exact pair-production rate is also given the thermal interpretation.

Rong-Gen Cai; Sang Pyo Kim

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

491

Regge Field Theory in zero transverse dimensions: loops versus "net" diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toy models of interacting Pomerons with triple and quaternary Pomeron vertices in zero transverse dimension are investigated. Numerical solutions for eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the corresponding Hamiltonians are obtained, providing the quantum solution for the scattering amplitude in both models. The equations of motion for the Lagrangians of the theories are also considered and the classical solutions of the equations are found. Full two-point Green functions ("effective" Pomeron propagator) and amplitude of diffractive dissociation process are calculated in the framework of RFT-0 approach. The importance of the loops contribution in the amplitude at different values of the model parameters is discussed as well as the difference between the models with and without quaternary Pomeron vertex.

Sergey Bondarenko

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

492

GoSam 2.0: a tool for automated one-loop calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the version 2.0 of the program package GoSam, which is a public program package to compute one-loop QCD and/or electroweak corrections to multi-particle processes within and beyond the Standard Model. The extended version of the Binoth-Les-Houches-Accord interface to Monte Carlo programs is also implemented. This allows a large flexibility regarding the combination of the code with various Monte Carlo programs to produce fully differential NLO results, including the possibility of parton showering and hadronisation. We illustrate the wide range of applicability of the code by showing phenomenological results for multi-particle processes at NLO, both within and beyond the Standard Model.

Johann Felix von Soden-Fraunhofen

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

QCD Condensates and Holographic Wilson Loops for Asymptotically AdS Spaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The minimization of the Nambu-Goto (NG) action for a surface whose contour defines a circular Wilson loop of radius a placed at a finite value of the coordinate orthogonal to the border is considered. This is done for asymptotically AdS spaces. The condensates of dimension n = 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 are calculated in terms of the coefficients in the expansion in powers of the radius a of the on-shell subtracted NG action for small a->0. The subtraction employed is such that it presents no conflict with conformal invariance in the AdS case and need not introduce an additional infrared scale for the case of confining geometries. It is shown that the UV value of the gluon condensates is universal in the sense that it only depends on the first coefficients of the difference with the AdS case.

Quevedo, R. Carcasses [Instituto Balseiro, Centro Atomico Bariloche, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Goity, Jose L. [Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Trinchero, Roberto C. [Instituto Balseiro, Centro Atomico Bariloche, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

One-loop analysis of the interactions between charmed mesons and Goldstone bosons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the scattering amplitude for Goldstone bosons of chiral symmetry off the pseudoscalar charmed mesons up to leading one-loop order in a covariant chiral effective field theory, using the so-called extended-on-mass-shell renormalization scheme. Then we use unitarized chiral perturbation theory to fit to the available lattice data of the S-wave scattering lengths. The lattice data are well described. However, most of the low-energy constants determined from the fit bear large uncertainties. Lattice simulations in more channels are necessary to pin down these values which can then be used to make predictions in other processes related by chiral and heavy quark symmetries.

De-Liang Yao; Meng-Lin Du; Feng-Kun Guo; Ulf-G. Meiner

2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

495

One-loop analysis of the interactions between charmed mesons and Goldstone bosons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the scattering amplitude for Goldstone bosons of chiral symmetry off the pseudoscalar charmed mesons up to leading one-loop order in a covariant chiral effective field theory, using the so-called extended-on-mass-shell renormalization scheme. Then we use unitarized chiral perturbation theory to fit to the available lattice data of the S-wave scattering lengths. The lattice data are well described. However, most of the low-energy constants determined from the fit bear large uncertainties. Lattice simulations in more channels are necessary to pin down these values which can then be used to make predictions in other processes related by chiral and heavy quark symmetries.

Yao, De-Liang; Guo, Feng-Kun; Meiner, Ulf-G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Gravitational Lensing by Self-Dual Black Holes in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study gravitational lensing by a recently proposed black hole solution in Loop Quantum Gravity. We highlight the fact that the quantum gravity corrections to the Schwarzschild metric in this model evade the `mass suppression' effects (that the usual quantum gravity corrections are susceptible to) by virtue of one of the parameters in the model being dimensionless, which is unlike any other quantum gravity motivated parameter. Gravitational lensing in the strong and weak deflection regimes is studied and a sample consistency relation is presented which could serve as a test of this model. We discuss that though the consistency relation for this model is qualitatively similar to what would have been in Brans-Dicke, in general it can be a good discriminator between many alternative theories. Although the observational prospects do not seem to be very optimistic even for a galactic supermassive black hole case, time delay between relativistic images for billion solar mass black holes in other galaxies might be...

Sahu, Satyabrata; Narasimha, D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Effective Polyakov-loop theory for pure Yang-Mills from strong coupling expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice Yang-Mills theories at finite temperature can be mapped onto effective 3d spin systems, thus facilitating their numerical investigation. Using strong-coupling expansions we derive effective actions for Polyakov loops in the $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ cases and investigate the effect of higher order corrections. Once a formulation is obtained which allows for Monte Carlo analysis, the nature of the phase transition in both classes of models is investigated numerically, and the results are then used to predict -- with an accuracy within a few percent -- the deconfinement point in the original 4d Yang-Mills pure gauge theories, for a series of values of $N_\\tau$ at once.

Jens Langelage; Stefano Lottini; Owe Philipsen

2010-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

498

Noncontact atomic force microscopy simulator with phase-locked-loop controlled frequency detection and excitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simulation of an atomic force microscope operating in the constant amplitude dynamic mode is described. The implementation mimics the electronics of a real setup including a digital phase-locked loop (PLL). The PLL is not only used as a very sensitive frequency detector, but also to generate the time-dependent phase shifted signal driving the cantilever. The optimum adjustments of individual functional blocks and their joint performance in typical experiments are determined in detail. Prior to testing the complete setup, the performances of the numerical PLL and of the amplitude controller were ascertained to be satisfactory compared to those of the real components. Attention is also focused on the issue of apparent dissipation, that is, of spurious variations in the driving amplitude caused by the nonlinear interaction occurring between the tip and the surface and by the finite response times of the various controllers. To do so, an estimate of the minimum dissipated energy that is detectable by the instru...

Nony, L; Schaer, D; Pfeiffer, O; Wezel, A; Meyer, E; Nony, Laurent; Baratoff, Alexis Prof.; Schaer, Dominique; Pfeiffer, Oliver; Wezel, Adrian; Meyer, Ernst

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Chains with loops - synthetic magnetic fluxes and topological order in one-dimensional spin systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering topological quantum order has become a major field of physics. Many advances have been made by synthesizing gauge fields in cold atomic systems. Here, we carry over these developments to other platforms which are extremely well suited for quantum engineering, namely trapped ions and nano-trapped atoms. Since these systems are typically one-dimensional, the action of artificial magnetic fields has so far received little attention. However, exploiting the long-range nature of interactions, loops with non-vanishing magnetic fluxes become possible even in one-dimensional settings. This gives rise to intriguing phenomena, such as fractal energy spectra, flat bands with localized edge states, and topological many-body states. We elaborate on a simple scheme for generating the required artificial fluxes by periodically driving an XY spin chain. Concrete estimates demonstrating the experimental feasibility for trapped ions and atoms in waveguides are given.

Tobias Grass; Christine Muschik; Alessio Celi; Ravindra Chhajlany; Maciej Lewenstein

2015-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

500

Summary of TRUEX Radiolysis Testing Using the INL Radiolysis Test Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INL radiolysis and hydrolysis test loop has been used to evaluate the effects of hydrolytic and radiolytic degradation upon the efficacy of the TRUEX flowsheet for the recovery of trivalent actinides and lanthanides from acidic solution. Repeated irradiation and subsequent re-conditioning cycles did result in a significant decrease in the concentration of the TBP and CMPO extractants in the TRUEX solvent and a corresponding decrease in americium and europium extraction distributions. However, the build-up of solvent degradation products upon {gamma}-irradiation, had little impact upon the efficiency of the stripping section of the TRUEX flowsheet. Operation of the TRUEX flowsheet would require careful monitoring to ensure extraction distributions are maintained at acceptable levels.

Dean R. Peterman; Lonnie G. Olson; Rocklan G. McDowell; Gracy Elias; Jack D. Law

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z