Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Marla Ingram-Bailey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accounting Marla Ingram-Bailey Contact Information contact contact us Marla Ingram-Bailey Accounting Manager ...

2

Alton E. Bailey Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognizes outstanding research and exceptional service in the field of lipids and associated products Alton E. Bailey Award USA Section Alton E.Bailey award aocs awards fats global Hans Kaunitz award inform job listings member membership network oils Pr

3

McClellan, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

McClellan, California: Energy Resources McClellan, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.3155757°, -122.0504654° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3155757,"lon":-122.0504654,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edible Oils (Volume 5) First published in 1945, Bailey's has become the standard reference on the food chemistry and processing technology related to edible oils and the nonedible byproducts derived from oils. Bailey's Industrial O

5

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edible Oils (Volume 4) First published in 1945, Bailey's has become the standard reference on the food chemistry and processing technology related to edible oils and the nonedible byproducts derived from oils. Bailey's Industrial O

6

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edible Oils (Volume 3) First published in 1945, Bailey's has become the standard reference on the food chemistry and processing technology related to edible oils and the nonedible byproducts derived from oils. Bailey's Industrial O

7

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edible Oils (Volume 6) First published in 1945, Bailey's has become the standard reference on the food chemistry and processing technology related to edible oils and the nonedible byproducts derived from oils. Bailey's Industrial O

8

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volumes 1-6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complete set, volumes 1-6. First published in 1945, Bailey's has become the standard reference on the food chemistry and processing technology related to edible oils and the nonedible byproducts derived from oils....

9

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edible Oils Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 2 Processing Hardback Books Processing John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Edible Oil and Fat Products: Edible Oils 978-0-471-38551-6 Fereidoon Shahidi John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

10

Bailey's Crossroads, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bailey's Crossroads, Virginia: Energy Resources Bailey's Crossroads, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.848033°, -77.12916° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.848033,"lon":-77.12916,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal Area Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.982,"lon":-131.6622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

12

Institution Name Institution Name Address Place Zip Notes Website Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

McClellan Technology Incubator Clean Start McClellan Technology McClellan Technology Incubator Clean Start McClellan Technology Incubator Bailey Loop McClellan California http www sarta org go cs Bay Area Corvalence Corvalence Jackson St San Francisco California Bay Area Energy BioSciences Institute Energy BioSciences Institute Berkeley California http www energybiosciencesinstitute org Bay Area Environmental Business Cluster Environmental Business Cluster North First Street Third Floor San Jose California http www environmentalcluster org Bay Area Global Climate and Energy Project Global Climate and Energy Project Via Ortega Suite Stanford California http gcep stanford edu Bay Area Google org Google org Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View California http www google org Bay Area Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National

13

Bailey County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Elec Coop Assn County Elec Coop Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Place Texas Utility Id 1169 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cotton GINS 3O Industrial Cotton GINS 3O Ginning Season Farm & Home service 1O Residential Farm & Home service 3O Residential Industrial 3O Industrial Irrigation Mar to Sep Industrial Irrigation Sep to Mar Industrial Large Commercial 3O Commercial Medium Commercial 3O Commercial Outdoor Lighting 100 W HPS Lighting

14

Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Baileys Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Death Valley Nat'l Monument, Nevada Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

15

Installation-Restoration Program Stage 3. McClellan Air Force Base quality-assurance project plan. Final report, November 1987-August 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The USAF is conducting a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study ( RI/FS) at McClellan Air Force Base (AFB)to assess the extent and magnitude of contamination from past waste-disposal and spill sites. This process includes the development of a remediation plan(s) for sites determined to pose a threat to human health or welfare, or the environment. The remedial investigation (RI) phase of the program includes multimedia sampling tasks to complete site-characterization studies, and to assess potential exposure pathways. McClellan AFB is located near Sacramento, California and is an active aircraft maintenance facility associated with the Air Force Logistics Air Command. This document contains procedures for the collection, analysis, and documentation for all anticipated sampling and analysis tasks. These include ground water monitoring-well installation, geophysical techniques, and sampling and analysis for ground water, surface water, sediment, soil, soil vapor, and air.

Not Available

1989-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

16

McClellan Nuclear Radiation Center (MNRC) TRIGA reactor: The national organization of test research and training reactors  

SciTech Connect

This year's TRTR conference is being hosted by the McClellan Nuclear Radiation Center. The conference will be held at the Red Lion Hotel in Sacramento, CA. The conference dates are scheduled for October 11-14, 1994. Deadlines for sponsorship commitment and papers have not been set, but are forthcoming. The newly remodeled Red Lion Hotel provides up-to-date conference facilities and one of the most desirable locations for dining, shopping and entertainment in the Sacramento area. While attendees are busy with the conference activities, a spouses program will be available. Although the agenda has not been set, the Sacramento area offers outings to San Francisco, Pier 39, Ghirardelli Square (famous for their chocolate), and a chance to discover 'El Dorado' in the gold country. Not to forget our own bit of history with visits to 'Old Sacramento and Old Folsom', where antiquities abound, to the world renown train museum and incredible eating establishments. (author)

Kiger, Kevin M. [SWI-ALC/TIR, 5335 Price Ave., McClellan Air Force Base Sacramento, CA 95652-2504 (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The CERTS Microgrid and the Future of the Chris Marnay and Owen C. Bailey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-55281 The CERTS Microgrid and the Future of the Macrogrid Chris Marnay and Owen C. Bailey contract DE-AC03-76SF00098, and by the California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service

18

Institution Name Institution Name Address Place Zip Notes Website Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incubator Austin Clean Energy Incubator West Braker Incubator Austin Clean Energy Incubator West Braker Lane Austin Texas http www ati utexas edu clean energy clean energy html Texas Area Bank of Italy Bank of Italy Via nazionale Rome Italy http www bancaditalia Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory William Floyd Parkway Upton New York http www bnl gov Northeast NY NJ CT PA Area Centro de Energ as Renovables CER Centro de Energ as Renovables CER Agustinas piso Santiago Chile http www cer gov cl Clean Start McClellan Technology Incubator Clean Start McClellan Technology Incubator Bailey Loop McClellan California http www sarta org go cs Bay Area Colorado Renewable Energy Collaboratory Colorado Renewable Energy Collaboratory th Street Suite Denver Colorado http www coloradocollaboratory org

19

Institution Name Institution Name Address Place Zip Notes Website Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laboratory Applied Process Engineering Laboratory Applied Process Engineering Laboratory Hills Street Suite Richland Washington http www apel org contact html Pacific Northwest Area Austin Clean Energy Incubator Austin Clean Energy Incubator West Braker Lane Austin Texas http www ati utexas edu clean energy clean energy html Texas Area Clean Edge Inc Clean Edge Inc Portland Oregon http www cleanedge com Pacific Northwest Area Clean Start McClellan Technology Incubator Clean Start McClellan Technology Incubator Bailey Loop McClellan California http www sarta org go cs Bay Area Corvalence Corvalence Jackson St San Francisco California Bay Area E Co E Co Franklin Street Bloomfield New Jersey http www eandco net EcoElectron Ventures Inc EcoElectron Ventures Inc Second Street PMB Encinitas California http www ecoelectron com Southern CA Area

20

Stephany Bailey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... (steam fitters and plumbers); computer sales at Anderson Jacobson, Inc.; Montgomery County Board of Realtors; Dept. ...

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Loop-to-loop coupling.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report estimates inductively-coupled energy to a low-impedance load in a loop-to-loop arrangement. Both analytical models and full-wave numerical simulations are used and the resulting fields, coupled powers and energies are compared. The energies are simply estimated from the coupled powers through approximations to the energy theorem. The transmitter loop is taken to be either a circular geometry or a rectangular-loop (stripline-type) geometry that was used in an experimental setup. Simple magnetic field models are constructed and used to estimate the mutual inductance to the receiving loop, which is taken to be circular with one or several turns. Circuit elements are estimated and used to determine the coupled current and power (an equivalent antenna picture is also given). These results are compared to an electromagnetic simulation of the transmitter geometry. Simple approximate relations are also given to estimate coupled energy from the power. The effect of additional loads in the form of attached leads, forming transmission lines, are considered. The results are summarized in a set of susceptibility-type curves. Finally, we also consider drives to the cables themselves and the resulting common-to-differential mode currents in the load.

Warne, Larry Kevin; Lucero, Larry Martin; Langston, William L.; Salazar, Robert Austin; Coleman, Phillip Dale; Basilio, Lorena I.; Bacon, Larry Donald

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Fast flux locked loop  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flux locked loop for providing an electrical feedback signal, the flux locked loop employing radio-frequency components and technology to extend the flux modulation frequency and tracking loop bandwidth. The flux locked loop of the present invention has particularly useful application in read-out electronics for DC SQUID magnetic measurement systems, in which case the electrical signal output by the flux locked loop represents an unknown magnetic flux applied to the DC SQUID.

Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

23

Software: LoopDA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The method employed is based largely upon the Loop Equation Design Method that provides for sizing of openings to utilize driving wind and stack ...

2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

24

Loop Equation in Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The incompressible fluid dynamics is reformulated as dynamics of closed loops $C$ in coordinate space. This formulation allows to derive explicit functional equation for the generating functional $\\Psi[C]$ in inertial range of spatial scales, which allows the scaling solutions. The requirement of finite energy dissipation rate leads then to the Kolmogorov index. We find an exact steady solution of the loop equation in inertial range of the loop sizes. The generating functional decreases as $\\EXP{-A^{\\tt}}$ where $A=\\oint_C r \\wedge dr$ is the area inside the loop. The pdf for the velocity circulation $\\Gamma$ is Lorentzian, with the width $\\bar{\\Gamma} \\propto A^{\\tt} $.

Alexander A. Migdal

1993-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

25

Loose Loops Sink Chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores the concept of micro-architectural loops and discusses their impact on processor pipelines. In particular, we establish the relationship between loose loops and pipeline length and configuration, and show their impact on performance. We then evaluate the load resolution loop in detail and propose the distributed register algorithm (DRA) as a way of reducing this loop. It decreases the performance loss due to load mis-speculations by reducing the issue-to-execute latency in the pipeline. A new loose loop is introduced into the pipeline by the DRA, but the frequency of mis-speculations is very low. The reduction in latency from issue to execute, along with a low mis-speculation rate in the DRA result in up to a 4% to 15% improvement in performance using a detailed architectural simulator.

Eric Borch Intel; Eric Borch; Eric Tune; Srilatha Manne; Joel Emer

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Loose loops sink chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores the concept of micro-architectural loops and discusses their impact on processor pipelines. In particular, we establish the relationship between loose loops and pipeline length and configuration, and show their impact on performance. We then evaluate the load resolution loop in detail and propose the distributed register algorithm (DRA) as a way of reducing this loop. It decreases the performance loss due to load mis-speculations by reducing the issue-to-execute latency in the pipeline. A new loose loop is introduced into the pipeline by the DRA, but the frequency of mis-speculations is very low. The reduction in latency from issue to execute, along with a low mis-speculation rate in the DRA result in up to a 4 % to 15% improvement in performance using a detailed architectural simulator. 1

Eric Borch; Eric Tune; Srilatha Manne; Joel Emer; Stage N

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

flow_loop.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FLOW ASSURANCE TEST LOOP FLOW ASSURANCE TEST LOOP Objective O ver a decade ago, RMOTC began cooperatively building a full-scale facility to test new fl ow assurance technology, mainly in the areas of hydrates and paraffi ns. Today, RMOTC's test facility consists of fi ve individual loop sections, including chilling and heated pipe-in-pipe water sections, bare lines, and a mixing section. The facility was designed to represent typical deepwater production systems in order to simulate full-scale tests and apply the results to fl ow assurance fi eld applications and technology. The current facility design consists of a 6" x 3,600 maximum allowable operating pressure test pipeline in fi ve separate loops. The test loops begin and ter- minate at a central location just north

28

Wireless Local Loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless local loop systems are available to provide both broadband and narrowband services to customers. Narrowband systems are generally either based on cordless or mobile standards, or a manufacturers proprietary technology. They are generally ...

R. P. Merrett; P. V. E. Beastall; S. J. Buttery

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

COLD TEST LOOP INTEGRATED TEST LOOP RESULTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A testing facility (Cold Test Loop) was constructed and operated to demonstrate the efficacy of the Accelerated Waste Retrieval (AWR) Project's planned sluicing approach to the remediation of Silos 1 and 2 at the Fernald Environmental Management Project near Cincinnati, Ohio. The two silos contain almost 10,000 tons of radium-bearing low-level waste, which consists primarily of solids of raffinates from processing performed on ores from the Democratic Republic of Congo (commonly referred to as ''Belgium Congo ores'') for the recovery of uranium. These silos are 80 ft in diameter, 36 ft high to the center of the dome, and 26.75 ft to the top of the vertical side walls. The test facility contained two test systems, each designed for a specific purpose. The first system, the Integrated Test Loop (ITL), a near-full-scale plant including the actual equipment to be installed at the Fernald Site, was designed to demonstrate the sluicing operation and confirm the selection of a slurry pump, the optimal sluicing nozzle operation, and the preliminary design material balance. The second system, the Component Test Loop (CTL), was designed to evaluate many of the key individual components of the waste retrieval system over an extended run. The major results of the initial testing performed during July and August 2002 confirmed that the AWR approach to sluicing was feasible. The ITL testing confirmed the following: (1) The selected slurry pump (Hazleton 3-20 type SHW) performed well and is suitable for AWR application. However, the pump's motor should be upgraded to a 200-hp model and be driven by a 150-hp variable-frequency drive (VFD). A 200-hp VFD is not much more expensive and would allow the pump to operate at full speed. (2) The best nozzle performance was achieved by using 15/16-in. nozzles operated alternately. This configuration appeared to most effectively mine the surrogate. (3) The Solartron densitometer, which was tested as an alternative mass flow measurement device, did not operate effectively. Consequently, it is not suitable for application to the AWR process. (4) Initially, the spray ring (operated at approximately 2300 psi) and the nozzles provided by the pump vendor did not perform acceptably. The nozzles were replaced with a more robust model, and the performance was then acceptable. (5) The average solids concentration achieved in the slurry before Bentogrout addition was approximately 16% by weight. The solids concentration of the slurry after Bentogrout addition ranged from 26% to approximately 40%. The slurry pump and ITL system performed well at every concentration. No line plugging or other problems were noted. The results of the CTL runs and later ITL testing are summarized in an appendix to this report.

Abraham, TJ

2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

30

Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining, i.e. given a fixed throughput, finding a schedule of a loop which minimizes resource requirements. This paper proposes a methodology, called TCLP, based on dividing the problem into ... Keywords: loop pipelining, scheduling, timing and resource contraints, register optimization

Fermin Sanchez

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Lectures on loop gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the first version of the introductory lectures on loop quantum gravity that I will give at the quantum gravity school in Zakopane. The theory is presented in self-contained form, without emphasis on its derivation from classical general relativity. Dynamics is given in the covariant form. The approximations needed to compute physical quantities are discussed. Some applications are described, including the recent derivation of de Sitter cosmology from full quantum gravity.

Rovelli, Carlo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Molten salt test loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the Molten Salt Test Loop Project was to design, construct, and demonstrate operation of an outdoor high temperature molten salt test facility. This facility is operational, and can now be used to evaluate materials and components, and the design features and operating procedures required for molten salt heat transport systems. The initial application of the loop was to demonstrate the feasibility of using molten salt as the heat transport medium for a high temperature distributed collector system. A commercially available eutectic salt blend is used as the heat transfer fluid. This salt has a composition of 40% NaNO/sub 2/, 7% NaNO/sub 3/, and 53% KNO/sub 3/ and is marketed under the trade name Hitec. It has a freezing (solidifying) point of 142/sup 0/C (288/sup 0/F) and has been satisfactorily used at temperatures as high as 594/sup 0/C (1100/sup 0/F). General Atomic (GA) installed a row of Fixed Mirror Solar Concentrators (FMSC's) in the loop. The system was started up and a test program conducted. Startup went smoothly, with the exception of some burned-out trace heaters. Salt temperatures as high as 571/sup 0/C (1060/sup 0/F) were achieved.

Schuster, J.R.; Eggers, G.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Powers of Elements in Jordan Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Jordan loop is a commutative loop satisfying the Jordan identity $(x^2 y) x = x^2 (y x)$. We establish several identities involving powers in Jordan loops and show that there is no nonassociative Jordan loop of order $9$.

Pula, Kyle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sacramento Area Technology Alliance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sacramento Area Technology Alliance Sacramento Area Technology Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Sacramento Area Technology Alliance Name Sacramento Area Technology Alliance Address 5022 Bailey Loop Place McClellan, California Zip 95652 Region Bay Area Coordinates 38.657365°, -121.390278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.657365,"lon":-121.390278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

35

Renewable Energy Institute International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International International Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Institute International Name Renewable Energy Institute International Address 5022 Bailey Loop Place McClellan, California Zip 95652 Region Bay Area Coordinates 38.657365°, -121.390278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.657365,"lon":-121.390278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

36

Clean Start/McClellan Technology Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Start/McClellan Technology Incubator Start/McClellan Technology Incubator Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Clean Start/McClellan Technology Incubator Name Clean Start/McClellan Technology Incubator Address 5022 Bailey Loop Place McClellan, California Zip 95652 Region Bay Area Coordinates 38.657365°, -121.390278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.657365,"lon":-121.390278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

37

Coupled dual loop absorption heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coupled dual loop absorption system which utilizes two separate complete loops. Each individual loop operates at three temperatures and two pressures. This low temperature loop absorber and condenser are thermally coupled to the high temperature loop evaporator, and the high temperature loop condenser and absorber are thermally coupled to the low temperature generator.

Sarkisian, Paul H. (Watertown, MA); Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

REACTOR MAIN COOLANT LOOP  

SciTech Connect

A parametric study was made for the POPR with temperature gradients of 610 to 670 deg F and 6l0 to 684.5 deg F at organic flow rates of 17.8 x l0/sup 6/ and l4.4 x l0/sup 6/ lbs/hr, respectively; and steam turbine conditions at the throttle of 600 and 650 deg F at 800 to l200 psig. The study was made to obtain the most economical layout of the main heat transfer loop system. (B.O.G.)

Terpe, G.R.; Katz, B.

1961-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Uranyl Nitrate Flow Loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the work discussed in this report were to: (1) develop a flow loop that would simulate the purified uranium-bearing aqueous stream exiting the solvent extraction process in a natural uranium conversion plant (NUCP); (2) develop a test plan that would simulate normal operation and disturbances that could be anticipated in an NUCP; (3) use the flow loop to test commercially available flowmeters for use as safeguards monitors; and (4) recommend a flowmeter for production-scale testing at an NUCP. There has been interest in safeguarding conversion plants because the intermediate products [uranium dioxide (UO{sub 2}), uranium tetrafluoride (UF{sub 4}), and uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6})] are all suitable uranium feedstocks for producing special nuclear materials. Furthermore, if safeguards are not applied virtually any nuclear weapons program can obtain these feedstocks without detection by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Historically, IAEA had not implemented safeguards until the purified UF{sub 6} product was declared as feedstock for enrichment plants. H. A. Elayat et al. provide a basic definition of a safeguards system: 'The function of a safeguards system on a chemical conversion plant is in general terms to verify that no useful nuclear material is being diverted to use in a nuclear weapons program'. The IAEA now considers all highly purified uranium compounds as candidates for safeguarding. DOE is currently interested in 'developing instruments, tools, strategies, and methods that could be of use to the IAEA in the application of safeguards' for materials found in the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle-prior to the production of the uranium hexafluoride or oxides that have been the traditional starting point for IAEA safeguards. Several national laboratories, including Oak Ridge, Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore, and Brookhaven, have been involved in developing tools or techniques for safeguarding conversion plants. This study was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) NA-241, Office of Dismantlement and Transparency.

Ladd-Lively, Jennifer L [ORNL

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Chemical Looping | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Looping Looping Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Introduction 2 Process Description 3 Benefits 4 Oxygen Carriers 5 Multimedia 6 Patents 7 References 8 External Links Introduction Chemical looping or chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a novel technology that could provide the means to convert fossil fuels to electricity and provide carbon capture without significant efficiency or cost penalties. Chemical looping combustion is very similar to oxy-fuel combustion where there is no direct contact between air and fuel.[1] Oxygen is extracted from air, then the oxygen is reacted with the hydrocarbon fuel producing an exhaust gas composed of carbon dioxide and water vapor.[2] The water vapor is condensed out of the gas resulting in near 100% carbon dioxide stream that could be sequestered in the ground.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fusion of Loops for Parallelism and Locality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractLoop fusion improves data locality and reduces synchronization in data-parallel applications. However, loop fusion is not always legal. Even when legal, fusion may introduce loop-carried dependences which prevent parallelism. In addition, performance ... Keywords: Locality enhancement, loop fusion, cache conflicts, loop transformations, data-parallel applications, scalable shared-memory multiprocessors.

Naraig Manjikian; Tarek S. Abdelrahman

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Loop-deformed Poincar algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this essay we present evidence suggesting that loop quantum gravity leads to deformation of the local Poincar\\'e algebra within the limit of high energies. This deformation is a consequence of quantum modification of effective off-shell hypersurface deformation algebra. Surprisingly, the form of deformation suggests that the signature of space-time changes from Lorentzian to Euclidean at large curvatures. We construct particular realization of the loop-deformed Poincar\\'e algebra and find that it can be related to curved momentum space, which indicates the relationship with recently introduced notion of relative locality. The presented findings open a new way of testing loop quantum gravity effects.

Jakub Mielczarek

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

43

The calculus of looping sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the Calculus of Looping Sequences (CLS) which is suitable for modeling microbiological systems and their evolution. We present two extensions, CLS with links (LCLS) and Stochastic CLS. LCLS simplifies the description of protein interaction ...

Roberto Barbuti; Giulio Caravagna; Andrea Maggiolo-Schettini; Paolo Milazzo; Giovanni Pardini

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining, i.e. given a fixed throughput, finding a schedule of a loop which minimizes resource requirements. We propose a methodology, called TCLP, based on dividing the problem into two simpler and independent tasks: retiming and scheduling. TCLP explores different sets of resources, searchingfor a maximum resource utilization. This reduces area requirements. After a minimum set of resourceshas been found, the execution throughput is increased and the number of registers required by the loop schedule is reduced. TCLP attempts to generate a schedule which minimizes cost in time and area (resources and registers). The results show that TCLP obtains optimal schedules in most cases. 1 Introduction This paper presents TCLP, a methodology to solve TimeConstrained Loop Pipelining. TCLP is NP-complete [3]. Two types of timing constraints (TCs) have been considered in the literature: local TCs to specify minimum and/or maximum TCs ...

Fermn Sanchez; Jordi Cortadella

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The questions I have been asked during the 5th International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, have compelled me to give an account of the premises that I consider important for a beginner's approach to Loop Quantum Gravity. After a description of some general arguments and an introduction to the canonical theory of gravity, I review the background independent approach to quantum gravity, giving only a brief survey of Loop Quantum Gravity.

Mercuri, Simone

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The questions I have been asked during the 5th International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, have compelled me to give an account of the premises that I consider important for a beginner's approach to Loop Quantum Gravity. After a description of some general arguments and an introduction to the canonical theory of gravity, I review the background independent approach to quantum gravity, giving only a brief survey of Loop Quantum Gravity.

Simone Mercuri

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

47

Free loop spaces in topology and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free loop spaces in topology and physics Kathryn Hess What is the space of free loops? Enumeration of geodesics Hochschild and cyclic homology Homological conformal field theories Free loop spaces in topology Meeting of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society Glasgow, 14 November 2008 #12;Free loop spaces in topology

Thévenaz, Jacques

48

Pomona Loop Baseline Performance Testing.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pomona Loop Baseline Performance Testing Summary Pomona Loop Baseline Performance Testing Summary The U.S. Department of Energy's Field Operations Program sponsors the Urban and Freeway Pomona Loop range testing in Southern California. The testing is performed by one of the Program's testing partners, Southern California Edison. The vehicles are tested on local city streets (Urban Loop) and four highways (Freeway Loop). The Urban Loop is 19.3 miles long, ranging in elevation from 900 to 1500 feet, with approximately 50 stop signs and traffic lights. The Freeway Loop is 37.2 miles long, ranging in elevation from 700 to 1150 feet, and consists of four connected freeways shaped like a rectangle. When a vehicle is Pomona Loop tested, eight range tests are performed, with four tests on the Urban Loop and four on the Freeway Loop. The range tests are performed

49

NPP Database Sites (Bailey Map)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Konza Prairie (U.S.A.) Kursk (Russia) Kurukshetra (India) Lamto (Ivory Coast) Matador (Canada) Media Luna (Argentina) Montecillo (Mexico) Nairobi (Kenya) Nylsvley (South Africa)...

50

Loop Current and Deep Eddies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the Loop Current and rings, much less is known about deep eddies (deeper than 1000 m) of the Gulf of Mexico. In this paper, results from a high-resolution numerical model of the Gulf are analyzed to explain their origin and how ...

L-Y. Oey

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Ground Loop Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Loop Design Ground Loop Design logo Ground Loop Design is a versatile ground source heat pump system design program that helps the trained geothermal HVAC designerengineer...

52

Hard thermal loops in static external fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study, in the imaginary-time formalism, the high temperature behavior of n-point thermal loops in static Yang-Mills and gravitational fields. We show that in this regime, any hard thermal loop gives the same leading contribution as the one obtained by evaluating the loop at zero external energies and momenta.

Frenkel, J; Takahashi, N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Chemical Looping for Combustion and Hydrogen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ChemiCal looping for Combustion and ChemiCal looping for Combustion and hydrogen produCtion Objective The objective of this project is to determine the benefits of chemical looping technology used with coal to reduce CO 2 emissions. Background Chemical looping is a new method to convert coal or gasified coal to energy. In chemical looping, there is no direct contact between air and fuel. The chemical looping process utilizes oxygen from metal oxide oxygen carrier for fuel combustion, or for making hydrogen by "reducing" water. In combustion applications, the products of chemical looping are CO 2 and H 2 O. Thus, once the steam is condensed, a relatively pure stream of CO 2 is produced ready for sequestration. The production of a sequestration ready CO 2 stream does not require any additional separation units

54

High-temperature helium-loop facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high-temperature helium loop is a facility for materials testing in ultrapure helium gas at high temperatures. The closed loop system is capable of recirculating high-purity helium or helium with controlled impurities. The gas loop maximum operating conditions are as follows: 300 psi pressure, 500 lb/h flow rate, and 2100/sup 0/F temperature. The two test sections can accept samples up to 3.5 in. diameter and 5 ft long. The gas loop is fully instrumented to continuously monitor all parameters of loop operation as well as helium impurities. The loop is fully automated to operate continuously and requires only a daily servicing by a qualified operator to replenish recorder charts and helium makeup gas. Because of its versatility and high degree of parameter control, the helium loop is applicable to many types of materials research. This report describes the test apparatus, operating parameters, peripheral systems, and instrumentation system.

Tokarz, R.D.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Video looping of human cyclic motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a system called Video Looping is developed to analyze human cyclic motions. Video Looping allows users to extract human cyclic motion from a given video sequence. This system analyzes similarities from a large amount of live footage to find the point of smooth transition. The final cyclic loop is created using only a few output images. Video Looping is useful not only to learn and understand human movements, but also to apply the cyclic loop to various artistic applications. To provide practical animation references, the output images are presented as photo plate sequences to visualize human cyclic motion similar to Eadweard Muybridge's image sequences. The final output images can be used to create experimental projects such as composited multiple video loops or small size of web animations. Furthermore, they can be imported into animation packages, and animators can create keyframe animations by tracing them in 3D software.

Choi, Hye Mee

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

LMFBR with booster pump in pumping loop  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A loop coolant circulation system is described for a liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) utilizing a low head, high specific speed booster pump in the hot leg of the coolant loop with the main pump located in the cold leg of the loop, thereby providing the advantages of operating the main pump in the hot leg with the reliability of cold leg pump operation.

Rubinstein, H.J.

1975-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

57

Magnetic monopole in the loop representation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We quantize, within the Loop Representation formalism, the electromagnetic field in the presence of a static magnetic pole. It is found that the loop-dependent physical wave functionals of the quantum Maxwell theory become multivalued, through a topological phase factor depending on the solid angle subtended at the monopole by a surface bounded by the loop. It is discussed how this fact generalizes what occurs in ordinary quantum mechanics in multiply connected spaces.

Leal, Lorenzo; Lopez, Alexander [Grupo de Campos y Particulas, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, AP 47270, Caracas 1041-A (Venezuela); Centro de Fisica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas, AP 21827, Caracas 1020-A, Venezuela, and Grupo de Campos y Particulas, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela (Venezuela)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Coal Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Process Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Retrofit to Pulverized Coal Power Plants for In-Situ CO 2 Capture William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio...

59

Aircraft Thermal Management Using Loop Heat Pipes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this thesis was to determine the feasibility of using loop heat pipes to dissipate waste heat from power electronics to the skin (more)

Fleming, Andrew J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

UWB communication receiver feedback loop  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel technique and structure that maximizes the extraction of information from reference pulses for UWB-TR receivers is introduced. The scheme efficiently processes an incoming signal to suppress different types of UWB as well as non-UWB interference prior to signal detection. Such a method and system adds a feedback loop mechanism to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of reference pulses in a conventional TR receiver. Moreover, sampling the second order statistical function such as, for example, the autocorrelation function (ACF) of the received signal and matching it to the ACF samples of the original pulses for each transmitted bit provides a more robust UWB communications method and system in the presence of channel distortions.

Spiridon, Alex (Palo Alto, CA); Benzel, Dave (Livermore, CA); Dowla, Farid U. (Castro Valley, CA); Nekoogar, Faranak (San Ramon, CA); Rosenbury, Erwin T. (Castro Valley, CA)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Slack analysis in the system design loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a system-level technique to analyze the impact of design optimizations on system-level timing dependencies. This technique enables us to speed up the design cycle by substituting, in the design the loop, the time-consuming simulation step ... Keywords: slack analysis, system design loop, timing update

Girish Venkataramani; Seth C. Goldstein

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Hard thermal loops in static background fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the high temperature behavior of retarded thermal loops in static external fields. We employ an analytic continuation of the imaginary time formalism and use a spectral representation of the thermal amplitudes. We show that, to all orders, the leading contributions of static hard thermal loops can be directly obtained by evaluating them at zero external energies and momenta.

Brandt, F T; Siqueira, J B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Newtonian gravity in loop quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a recent argument of Verlinde to loop quantum gravity, to conclude that Newton's law of gravity emerges in an appropriate limit and setting. This is possible because the relationship between area and entropy is realized in loop quantum gravity when boundaries are imposed on a quantum spacetime.

Smolin, Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Coronal loop detection from solar images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we make an overview of a methodology for the automatic retrieval of images with coronal loops from the solar image data captured by the extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope (EIT) onboard the spacecraft SOHO (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory). ... Keywords: Classification techniques, Coronal loop, Curvature feature, Data mining, Feature extraction, Image retrieval, Solar images

Nurcan Durak; Olfa Nasraoui; Joan Schmelz

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Efficient Hardware Looping Units for FPGAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Looping operations impose a significant bottleneck to achieving better computational efficiency for embedded applications. To confront this problem in embedded computation either in the form of programmable processors or FSMD (Finite-State Machine with ... Keywords: FPGA, embedded system, high-level synthesis, hardware looping, control unit

Nikolaos Kavvadias; Konstantinos Masselos

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Is the Loop Current a Chaotic Oscillator?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamical systems theory is employed to study the irregular Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico using a short database of shedding periods and northsouth positions of the current. Two independent tests based on these data suggest that the Loop ...

Alexis Lugo-Fernndez

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Coal Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Process Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Retrofit to Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Retrofit to Pulverized Coal Power Plants for In-Situ CO 2 Capture William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210 Award #: DE-NT0005289 PI: Liang-Shih Fan Presenter: Samuel Bayham Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio State University 2013 NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting July 11, 2013 Pittsburgh, PA Clean Coal Research Laboratory at The Ohio State University Sub-Pilot Scale Unit 250kW th Pilot Unit (Wilsonville, Alabama) Syngas Chemical Looping Coal-Direct Chemical Looping Cold Flow Model Sub-Pilot Scale Unit HPHT Slurry Bubble Column 120kW th Demonstration Unit Calcium Looping Process CCR Process Sub-Pilot Unit F-T Process

68

Dual quark condensate and dressed Polyakov loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a new order parameter for finite temperature QCD by considering the quark condensate for U(1)-valued temporal boundary conditions for the fermions. Fourier transformation with respect to the boundary condition defines the dual condensate. This quantity corresponds to an equivalence class of Polyakov loops, thereby being an order parameter for the center symmetry. We explore the duality relation between the quark condensate and these dressed Polyakov loops numerically, using quenched lattice QCD configurations below and above the QCD phase transition. It is demonstrated that the Dirac spectrum responds differently to changing the boundary condition, in a manner that reproduces the expected Polyakov loop pattern. We find the dressed Polyakov loops to be dominated by the lowest Dirac modes, in contrast to thin Polyakov loops investigated earlier.

Erek Bilgici; Falk Bruckmann; Christof Gattringer; Christian Hagen

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

69

Novel Reactor Design for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion Opportunity Research is active on the patent pending technology, titled "Apparatus and Method for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping...

70

Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For the past several years Alstom Power Inc. (Alstom), a leading world-wide power system manufacturer and supplier, has been in the initial stages of developing an entirely new, ultra-clean, low cost, high efficiency power plant for the global power market. This new power plant concept is based on a hybrid combustion-gasification process utilizing high temperature chemical and thermal looping technology The process consists of the oxidation, reduction, carbonation, and calcination of calcium-based compounds, which chemically react with coal, biomass, or opportunity fuels in two chemical loops and one thermal loop. The chemical and thermal looping technology can be alternatively configured as (i) a combustion-based steam power plant with CO{sub 2} capture, (ii) a hybrid combustion-gasification process producing a syngas for gas turbines or fuel cells, or (iii) an integrated hybrid combustion-gasification process producing hydrogen for gas turbines, fuel cells or other hydrogen based applications while also producing a separate stream of CO{sub 2} for use or sequestration. In its most advanced configuration, this new concept offers the promise to become the technology link from today's Rankine cycle steam power plants to tomorrow's advanced energy plants. The objective of this work is to develop and verify the high temperature chemical and thermal looping process concept at a small-scale pilot facility in order to enable AL to design, construct and demonstrate a pre-commercial, prototype version of this advanced system. In support of this objective, Alstom and DOE started a multi-year program, under this contract. Before the contract started, in a preliminary phase (Phase 0) Alstom funded and built the required small-scale pilot facility (Process Development Unit, PDU) at its Power Plant Laboratories in Windsor, Connecticut. Construction was completed in calendar year 2003. The objective for Phase I was to develop the indirect combustion loop with CO{sub 2} separation, and also syngas production from coal with the calcium sulfide (CaS)/calcium sulfate (CaSO{sub 4}) loop utilizing the PDU facility. The results of Phase I were reported in Reference 1, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase I Report' The objective for Phase II was to develop the carbonate loop--lime (CaO)/calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) loop, integrate it with the gasification loop from Phase I, and ultimately demonstrate the feasibility of hydrogen production from the combined loops. The results of this program were reported in Reference 3, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase II Report'. The objective of Phase III is to operate the pilot plant to obtain enough engineering information to design a prototype of the commercial Chemical Looping concept. The activities include modifications to the Phase II Chemical Looping PDU, solids transportation studies, control and instrumentation studies and additional cold flow modeling. The deliverable is a report making recommendations for preliminary design guidelines for the prototype plant, results from the pilot plant testing and an update of the commercial plant economic estimates.

Herbert Andrus; Gregory Burns; John Chiu; Gregory Lijedahl; Peter Stromberg; Paul Thibeault

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

71

LOOP CALCULUS AND BELIEF PROPAGATION FOR Q-ARY ALPHABET: LOOP TOWER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Loop calculus introduced in [1], [2] constitutes a new theoretical tool that explicitly expresses symbol Maximum-A-Posteriori (MAP) solution of a general statistical inference problem via a solution of the Belief Propagation (BP) equations. This finding brought a new significance to the BP concept, which in the past was thought of as just a loop-free approximation. In this paper they continue a discussion of the Loop Calculus, partitioning the results into three Sections. In Section 1 they introduce a new formulation of the Loop Calculus in terms of a set of transformations (gauges) that keeping the partition function of the problem invariant. The full expression contains two terms referred to as the 'ground state' and 'excited states' contributions. The BP equations are interpreted as a special (BP) gauge fixing condition that emerges as a special orthogonality constraint between the ground state and excited states, which also selects loop contributions as the only surviving ones among the excited states. In Section 2 they demonstrate how the invariant interpretation of the Loop Calculus, introduced in Section 1, allows a natural extension to the case of a general q-ary alphabet, this is achieved via a loop tower sequential construction. The ground level in the tower is exactly equivalent to assigning one color (out of q available) to the 'ground state' and considering all 'excited' states colored in the remaining (q-1) colors, according to the loop calculus rule. Sequentially, the second level in the tower corresponds to selecting a loop from the previous step, colored in (q-1) colors, and repeating the same ground vs excited states splitting procedure into one and (q-2) colors respectively. The construction proceeds till the full (q-1)-levels deep loop tower (and the corresponding contributions to the partition function) are established. In Section 3 they discuss an ultimate relation between the loop calculus and the Bethe-Free energy variational approach of [3].

CHERTKOV, MICHAEL [Los Alamos National Laboratory; CHERNYAK, VLADIMIR [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

On-line parameter estimation of PMSM in open loop and closed loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the multi-models approach for on-line parameter estimation of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM). The study is focused on a PMSM with non sinusoidal electromotive force (emf) in open loop and closed loop conditions. The electrical ...

Makara Khov; Jeremi Regnier; Jean Faucher

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Parameterizing loop fusion for automated empirical tuning  

SciTech Connect

Traditional compilers are limited in their ability to optimize applications for different architectures because statically modeling the effect of specific optimizations on different hardware implementations is difficult. Recent research has been addressing this issue through the use of empirical tuning, which uses trial executions to determine the optimization parameters that are most effective on a particular hardware platform. In this paper, we investigate empirical tuning of loop fusion, an important transformation for optimizing a significant class of real-world applications. In spite of its usefulness, fusion has attracted little attention from previous empirical tuning research, partially because it is much harder to configure than transformations like loop blocking and unrolling. This paper presents novel compiler techniques that extend conventional fusion algorithms to parameterize their output when optimizing a computation, thus allowing the compiler to formulate the entire configuration space for loop fusion using a sequence of integer parameters. The compiler can then employ an external empirical search engine to find the optimal operating point within the space of legal fusion configurations and generate the final optimized code using a simple code transformation system. We have implemented our approach within our compiler infrastructure and conducted preliminary experiments using a simple empirical search strategy. Our results convey new insights on the interaction of loop fusion with limited hardware resources, such as available registers, while confirming conventional wisdom about the effectiveness of loop fusion in improving application performance.

Zhao, Y; Yi, Q; Kennedy, K; Quinlan, D; Vuduc, R

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Selective purge for hydrogenation reactor recycle loop  

SciTech Connect

Processes and apparatus for providing improved contaminant removal and hydrogen recovery in hydrogenation reactors, particularly in refineries and petrochemical plants. The improved contaminant removal is achieved by selective purging, by passing gases in the hydrogenation reactor recycle loop or purge stream across membranes selective in favor of the contaminant over hydrogen.

Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Free Steiner Loops Smile Markovski, Ana Sokolova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Steiner Loops Smile Markovski, Ana Sokolova Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Institute and finite sloops. Two constructions of free objects in the variety of sloops are pre­ sented in this paper. They both allow recursive construction of a free sloop with a free base X, provided that X is recursively

Sokolova, Ana

76

Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills thermodynamics are, modulo 1PI resummations, determined by a finite number of connected bubble diagrams.

Ralf Hofmann

2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

77

Loop realizations of quantum affine algebras  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We give a simplified description of quantum affine algebras in their loop presentation. This description is related to Drinfeld's new realization via halves of vertex operators. We also define an idempotent version of the quantum affine algebra which is suitable for categorification.

Cautis, Sabin [Department of Mathematics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, 90089 (United States); Licata, Anthony [Department of Mathematics, Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Research issues on closed-loop PLM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study introduces the research issues on closed-loop product lifecycle management (PLM) where product information flow is closed due to emerging technologies. PLM is a new strategic approach to manage the product lifecycle information efficiently ... Keywords: PLM, Product identification technologies, Product lifecycle, Research issues

Hong-Bae Jun; Dimitris Kiritsis; Paul Xirouchakis

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Organic Mathematics: David H. Bailey - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The second eldest is a talented athlete, competing in field hockey and soccer. The third may have inherited some of her father's flair for mathematics, and the...

80

Loop simulation capability for sodium-cooled systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A one-dimensional loop simulation capability has been implemented in the thermal-hydraulic analysis code, THERMIT-4E. This code had been used to simulate and investigate flow in test sections of experimental sodium loops ...

Adekugbe, Oluwole A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Better 'Photon Loops' May Be Key to Computer and Physics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Better 'Photon Loops' May Be Key to Computer and Physics Advances. From NIST Tech Beat: August 22, 2011. ...

2012-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

82

A Load Balancing Tool for Distributed Parallel Loops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large scale applications typically contain parallel loops with many iterates. The iterates of a parallel loop may have variable execution times which translate into performance degradation of an application due to load imbalance. This paper describes ... Keywords: adaptive loop scheduling, dynamic load balancing

Ricolindo L. Cario; Ioana Banicescu

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

EXAMINATION OF HIGH PRESSURE RECOMBINER LOOP SPECIMENS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Speciments of iodide zirconium, Zircaloy-2, Zr-15Nb, iodide titanium, TMCA-45 titanium, A-110AT titanium, and 430 stainless steel were corroded in a highpressure recombiner loop. Analyses were performed to determine the amount of hydrogen pickup. The titanium materials and iodide zirconium showed very high hydrogen pickups, while the zirconium alloys and the 430 stainless steel absorbed smaller amounts of hydrogen Metallographic examination of the specimens showed that recrystallization occurred in all but the Ar-15Nb specimens. There seems to be little difference in the extent of recrystallization and grain growth whether the in the recombiner section at 430 to 500 deg C. Recrystalliplained or correlated in any way with the amount of f hydrogen sion that occured. Since hydrogen is known to seriously embrittle zirconium and titanium, it is recommended that crystal-bar zirconium and titanium alloys not be used as materials of construction in environ ments sinmilar to that of the High Pressure Recombiner Loop. (auth)

Picklesimer, M.L.; Rittenhouse, P.L.

1958-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

84

Highly Efficient Modeling of Dynamic Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observational and theoretical evidence suggests that coronal heating is impulsive and occurs on very small cross-field spatial scales. A single coronal loop could contain a hundred or more individual strands that are heated quasi-independently by nanoflares. It is therefore an enormous undertaking to model an entire active region or the global corona. Three-dimensional MHD codes have inadequate spatial resolution, and 1D hydro codes are too slow to simulate the many thousands of elemental strands that must be treated in a reasonable representation. Fortunately, thermal conduction and flows tend to smooth out plasma gradients along the magnetic field, so "0D models" are an acceptable alternative. We have developed a highly efficient model called Enthalpy-Based Thermal Evolution of Loops (EBTEL) that accurately describes the evolution of the average temperature, pressure, and density along a coronal strand. It improves significantly upon earlier models of this type--in accuracy, flexibility, and capability. It ...

Klimchuk, J A; Cargill, P J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Projective Structures in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projective structures have successfully been used for the construction of measures in the framework of loop quantum gravity. In the present paper we establish such a structure for the space $R \\sqcup R_Bohr$ recently constructed in the context of homogeneous isotropic loop quantum cosmology. This space has the advantage to be canonically embedded into the quantum configuration space of the full theory, but, in contrast to the traditional space $R_Bohr$, there exists no Haar measure on $R \\sqcup R_Bohr$. The introduced projective structure, however, allows to construct a family of canonical measures on $R \\sqcup R_Bohr$ whose corresponding Hilbert spaces of square integrable functions we finally investigate.

Maximilian Hanusch

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

86

Lorentz covariance of loop quantum gravity  

SciTech Connect

The kinematics of loop gravity can be given a manifestly Lorentz-covariant formulation: the conventional SU(2)-spin-network Hilbert space can be mapped to a space K of SL(2,C) functions, where Lorentz covariance is manifest. K can be described in terms of a certain subset of the projected spin networks studied by Livine, Alexandrov and Dupuis. It is formed by SL(2,C) functions completely determined by their restriction on SU(2). These are square-integrable in the SU(2) scalar product, but not in the SL(2,C) one. Thus, SU(2)-spin-network states can be represented by Lorentz-covariant SL(2,C) functions, as two-component photons can be described in the Lorentz-covariant Gupta-Bleuler formalism. As shown by Wolfgang Wieland in a related paper, this manifestly Lorentz-covariant formulation can also be directly obtained from canonical quantization. We show that the spinfoam dynamics of loop quantum gravity is locally SL(2,C)-invariant in the bulk, and yields states that are precisely in K on the boundary. This clarifies how the SL(2,C) spinfoam formalism yields an SU(2) theory on the boundary. These structures define a tidy Lorentz-covariant formalism for loop gravity.

Rovelli, Carlo; Speziale, Simone [Centre de Physique Theorique de Luminy, Case 907, F-13288 Marseille (France)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

MAGNETIC LOOPS IN THE QUIET SUN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the fine structure of magnetic fields in the atmosphere of the quiet Sun. We use photospheric magnetic field measurements from SUNRISE/IMaX with unprecedented spatial resolution to extrapolate the photospheric magnetic field into higher layers of the solar atmosphere with the help of potential and force-free extrapolation techniques. We find that most magnetic loops that reach into the chromosphere or higher have one footpoint in relatively strong magnetic field regions in the photosphere. Ninety-one percent of the magnetic energy in the mid-chromosphere (at a height of 1 Mm) is in field lines, whose stronger footpoint has a strength of more than 300 G, i.e., above the equipartition field strength with convection. The loops reaching into the chromosphere and corona are also found to be asymmetric in the sense that the weaker footpoint has a strength B < 300 G and is located in the internetwork (IN). Such loops are expected to be strongly dynamic and have short lifetimes, as dictated by the properties of the IN fields.

Wiegelmann, T.; Solanki, S. K.; Barthol, P.; Gandorfer, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Str. 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Borrero, J. M.; Schmidt, W. [Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik, Schoeneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Pillet, V. MartInez; Bonet, J. A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, C/Via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Del Toro Iniesta, J. C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Apartado de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Domingo, V. [Grupo de Astronomia y Ciencias del Espacio, Universidad de Valencia, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Knoelker, M. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Title, A. M., E-mail: wiegelmann@mps.mpg.d [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

88

Flipped spinfoam vertex and loop gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a vertex amplitude for 4d loop quantum gravity. We derive it from a conventional quantization of a Regge discretization of euclidean general relativity. This yields a spinfoam sum that corrects some difficulties of the Barrett-Crane theory. The second class simplicity constraints are imposed weakly, and not strongly as in Barrett-Crane theory. Thanks to a flip in the quantum algebra, the boundary states turn out to match those of SO(3) loop quantum gravity -- the two can be identified as eigenstates of the same physical quantities -- providing a solution to the problem of connecting the covariant SO(4) spinfoam formalism with the canonical SO(3) spin-network one. The vertex amplitude is SO(3) and SO(4)-covariant. It rectifies the triviality of the intertwiner dependence of the Barrett-Crane vertex, which is responsible for its failure to yield the correct propagator tensorial structure. The construction provides also an independent derivation of the kinematics of loop quantum gravity and of the result that geometry is quantized.

Jonathan Engle; Roberto Pereira; Carlo Rovelli

2007-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

89

Ground Loops for Heat Pumps and Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground loops are used for water source heat pumps. Refrigeration can be put on a ground loop. Water-cooled condensing units are more efficient than air-cooled, and they can be put indoors. Indoor location makes piping for desuperheater hot water easy. Since refrigeration equipment runs more than heat pumps, energy savings can be large for ground-coupled refrigeration. The paper presents a design procedure for ground loops for heat pumps, hot water, ice machines, and water-cooled refrigeration. It gives an overview of the commercial ground-coupled systems in Louisiana that have both refrigeration and heat pumps. Systems vary from small offices to a three-story office building with 187 tons. A chain of hamburger outlets uses total ground-coupling in all of its stores. A grocery store has ground-coupling for heat pumps and refrigeration. Desuperheaters provide 80 percent of the hot water for a coin laundry in the same building. A comparison of energy costs in a bank with a ground-coupled heat pump system to a similar bank with air-conditioning and gas for heat revealed a 31 percent reduction in utility costs for the ground-coupled building. Two buildings of the Mississippi Power and Light Co. have ground-coupled heat pumps in one, and high efficiency air source heat pumps in the other. Energy savings in nine months was 60,000 kWh (25 percent), and electric peak demand was reduced 42 kW (35 percent).

Braud, H. J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

On active region loops: Hinode/EIS observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coronal loops are fundamental building blocks of the solar active regions and the corona. Therefore, a clear understanding of the physics of coronal loops will help us understand the physics of active region heating in particular and coronal heating in general. This requires a precise measurement of physical quantities such as electron densities and filling factors, temperatures, and flows in coronal loops. In this paper we have carried out an investigation of a spatially well resolved coronal loop using the EIS onboard Hinode to measure the above mentioned physical quantities. Based on this study we find that a nano-flare model could explain most of the observed characteristics of this loop.

Tripathi, D; Dwivedi, B N; Del Zanna, G; Young, P R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Bio-Polymer Hairpin Loops Sustained by Polarons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that polarons can sustain loop-like configurations in flexible bio-polymers and that the size of the loops depend on both the flexural rigidity of the polymer and the electron-phonon coupling constant. In particular we show that for single stranded DNA (ssDNA) such loops can have as little as 10 base pairs. For polyacetylene the shortest loop must have at least 12 nodes. We also show that these configurations are very stable under thermal fluctuations and can facilitate the formation of hairpin-loops of ssDNA.

B. Chakrabarti; B. Piette; W. J. Zakrzewski

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

92

Bio-Polymer Hairpin Loops Sustained by Polarons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that polarons can sustain loop-like configurations in flexible bio-polymers and that the size of the loops depend on both the flexural rigidity of the polymer and the electron-phonon coupling constant. In particular we show that for single stranded DNA (ssDNA) such loops can have as little as 10 base pairs. For polyacetylene the shortest loop must have at least 12 nodes. We also show that these configurations are very stable under thermal fluctuations and can facilitate the formation of hairpin-loops of ssDNA.

Chakrabarti, B; Zakrzewski, W J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Chemical Looping Air Separation Unit and Methods of Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looping Air Separation Unit and Methods of Use Looping Air Separation Unit and Methods of Use Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov October 2012 Opportunity Research is currently active on the patent-pending technology "Chemical Looping Air Separation Unit and Methods of Use" that combines the best attributes of chemical looping and oxy-fuel combustion technologies. Following patent approval, the technology will be available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Significance * Combines chemical looping and oxy-fuel technologies * Separates oxygen from air at high efficiencies * Removes CO

94

Gas Test Loop Booster Fuel Hydraulic Testing  

SciTech Connect

The Gas Test Loop (GTL) project is for the design of an adaptation to the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) to create a fast-flux test space where fuels and materials for advanced reactor concepts can undergo irradiation testing. Incident to that design, it was found necessary to make use of special booster fuel to enhance the neutron flux in the reactor lobe in which the Gas Test Loop will be installed. Because the booster fuel is of a different composition and configuration from standard ATR fuel, it is necessary to qualify the booster fuel for use in the ATR. Part of that qualification is the determination that required thermal hydraulic criteria will be met under routine operation and under selected accident scenarios. The Hydraulic Testing task in the GTL project facilitates that determination by measuring flow coefficients (pressure drops) over various regions of the booster fuel over a range of primary coolant flow rates. A high-fidelity model of the NW lobe of the ATR with associated flow baffle, in-pile-tube, and below-core flow channels was designed, constructed and located in the Idaho State University Thermal Fluids Laboratory. A circulation loop was designed and constructed by the university to provide reactor-relevant water flow rates to the test system. Models of the four booster fuel elements required for GTL operation were fabricated from aluminum (no uranium or means of heating) and placed in the flow channel. One of these was instrumented with Pitot tubes to measure flow velocities in the channels between the three booster fuel plates and between the innermost and outermost plates and the side walls of the flow annulus. Flow coefficients in the range of 4 to 6.5 were determined from the measurements made for the upper and middle parts of the booster fuel elements. The flow coefficient for the lower end of the booster fuel and the sub-core flow channel was lower at 2.3.

Gas Test Loop Hydraulic Testing Staff

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

High-Resolution Design of a Protein Loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Despite having irregular structure, protein loops often adopt specific conformations that are critical to protein function. Most studies in de novo protein design have focused on creating proteins with regular elements of secondary structure connected by very short loops or turns. To design longer protein loops that adopt specific conformations, we have developed a protocol within the Rosetta molecular modeling program that iterates between optimizing the sequence and conformation of a loop in search of low-energy sequence-structure pairs. We have tested the procedure by designing 10-residue loops for the connection between the second and third strand in the {beta}-sandwich protein tenascin. Three low-energy designs from 7,200 flexible backbone trajectories were selected for experimental characterization. All three designs, called LoopA, LoopB, and LoopC, adopt stable folded structures. High-resolution crystal structures of LoopA and LoopB have been solved. LoopB adopts a structure very similar to the design model (0.46 Angstroms rmsd), and all but one of the side chains are modeled in the correct rotamers. LoopA crystallized at low pH in a structure that differs dramatically from our design model. It forms a strand-swapped dimer mediated by hydrogen bonds to protonated glutamic acids. Gel filtration indicates that the protein is not a dimer at neutral pH. These results suggest that the high-resolution design of protein loops is possible; however, they also highlight how small changes in protein energetics can dramatically perturb the low free energy structure of a protein.

Hu,X.; Wang, H.; Ke, H.; Kuhlman, B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

GNSS dataless signal tracking with a delay semi-open loop and a phase open loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we propose to process the code and phase delay of a dataless GNSS signal in open and semi-open loops. The aims of this processing are to get an accurate estimate of the phase and code delays by integration of the GNSS signal. We show ... Keywords: Bayesian estimation, Circular estimation, GNSS signal processing

G. Stienne; S. Reboul; M. Azmani; J. B. Choquel; M. Benjelloun

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Loop Current Cycle: Coupled Response of the Loop Current with Deep Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the upper-layer dynamics of the Loop Current and eddies in the Gulf of Mexico are well studied, the understanding of how they are coupled to the deep flows is limited. In this work, results from a numerical model are analyzed to classify ...

Y.-L. Chang; L.-Y. Oey

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Highly Efficient Modeling of Dynamic Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observational and theoretical evidence suggests that coronal heating is impulsive and occurs on very small cross-field spatial scales. A single coronal loop could contain a hundred or more individual strands that are heated quasi-independently by nanoflares. It is therefore an enormous undertaking to model an entire active region or the global corona. Three-dimensional MHD codes have inadequate spatial resolution, and 1D hydro codes are too slow to simulate the many thousands of elemental strands that must be treated in a reasonable representation. Fortunately, thermal conduction and flows tend to smooth out plasma gradients along the magnetic field, so "0D models" are an acceptable alternative. We have developed a highly efficient model called Enthalpy-Based Thermal Evolution of Loops (EBTEL) that accurately describes the evolution of the average temperature, pressure, and density along a coronal strand. It improves significantly upon earlier models of this type--in accuracy, flexibility, and capability. It treats both slowly varying and highly impulsive coronal heating; it provides the differential emission measure distribution, DEM(T), at the transition region footpoints; and there are options for heat flux saturation and nonthermal electron beam heating. EBTEL gives excellent agreement with far more sophisticated 1D hydro simulations despite using four orders of magnitude less computing time. It promises to be a powerful new tool for solar and stellar studies.

J. A. Klimchuk; S. Patsourakos; P. J. Cargill

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Cascading Closed Loop Cycle Power Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOW Energies was issued Patent 6,857,268 B2 on Feb 22, 2005 titled CASCADING CLOSED LOOP CYCLE (CCLC) and Patent 7,096,665 B2 on August 29, 2006 titled CASCADING CLOSED LOOP CYCLE POWER GENERATION. These patented technologies are collectively marketed as WOWGen. The WOW Energies patents represent the production of efficient power from low, medium and high temperature heat generated from the combustion of fuels; heat from renewable energy sources such as solar and geothermal heat; or waste heat sources. Waste heat sources can be in the form of exhaust stack flue gases; waste heat from vented steam or steam discharged from steam turbines; hot water; hot oils or combined waste heat sources. A major advantage of the WOWGen power plant is the ability to produce power without the use, consumption or contamination of valuable water resources. Production of power from waste heat and renewable energy sources is the most viable path to energy independence from foreign oil and reduced emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels. The WOWGen power plant inherently reduces emissions and Greenhouse Gases (GHG) by producing power from waste heat without consuming fuel, thus increasing the overall energy efficiency of any industrial plant or power generation facility. The presentation will focus on the technology and provide case studies of its application.

Romero, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

BAYESIAN MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SEISMOLOGY OF CORONAL LOOPS  

SciTech Connect

We perform a Bayesian parameter inference in the context of resonantly damped transverse coronal loop oscillations. The forward problem is solved in terms of parametric results for kink waves in one-dimensional flux tubes in the thin tube and thin boundary approximations. For the inverse problem, we adopt a Bayesian approach to infer the most probable values of the relevant parameters, for given observed periods and damping times, and to extract their confidence levels. The posterior probability distribution functions are obtained by means of Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations, incorporating observed uncertainties in a consistent manner. We find well-localized solutions in the posterior probability distribution functions for two of the three parameters of interest, namely the Alfven travel time and the transverse inhomogeneity length scale. The obtained estimates for the Alfven travel time are consistent with previous inversion results, but the method enables us to additionally constrain the transverse inhomogeneity length scale and to estimate real error bars for each parameter. When observational estimates for the density contrast are used, the method enables us to fully constrain the three parameters of interest. These results can serve to improve our current estimates of unknown physical parameters in coronal loops and to test the assumed theoretical model.

Arregui, I. [Departament de Fisica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07122, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Asensio Ramos, A., E-mail: inigo.arregui@uib.es, E-mail: aasensio@iac.es [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Jordan cells of periodic loop models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan cells in transfer matrices of finite lattice models are a signature of the logarithmic character of the conformal field theories that appear in their thermodynamical limit. The transfer matrix of periodic loop models, T_N, is an element of the periodic Temperley-Lieb algebra EPTL_N(\\beta, \\alpha), where N is the number of sites on a section of the cylinder, and \\beta = -(q+1/q) = 2 \\cos \\lambda and \\alpha the weights of contractible and non-contractible loops. The thermodynamic limit of T_N is believed to describe a conformal field theory of central charge c=1-6\\lambda^2/(\\pi(\\lambda-\\pi)). The abstract element T_N acts naturally on (a sum of) spaces V_N^d, similar to those upon which the standard modules of the (classical) Temperley-Lieb algebra act. These spaces known as sectors are labeled by the numbers of defects d and depend on a {\\em twist parameter} v that keeps track of the winding of defects around the cylinder. Criteria are given for non-trivial Jordan cells of T_N both between sectors with distinct defect numbers and within a given sector.

Alexi Morin-Duchesne; Yvan Saint-Aubin

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

102

Wilson loops in warped resolved deformed conifolds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We calculate quark-antiquark potentials using the relationship between the expectation value of the Wilson loop and the action of a probe string in the string dual. We review and categorise the possible forms of the dependence of the energy on the separation between the quarks. In particular, we examine the possibility of there being a minimum separation for probe strings which do not penetrate close to the origin of the bulk space, and derive a condition which determines whether this is the case. We then apply these considerations to the flavoured resolved deformed conifold background of Gaillard et al. (2010) . We suggest that the unusual behaviour that we observe in this solution is likely to be related to the IR singularity which is not present in the unflavoured case. - Highlights: > We calculate quark-antiquark potentials using the Wilson loop and the action of a probe string in the string dual. > We review and categorise the possible forms of the dependence of the energy on the separation between the quarks. > We look in particular at the flavoured resolved deformed conifold. > There appears to be unusual behaviour which seems likely to be related to the IR singularity introduced by flavours.

Bennett, Stephen, E-mail: pystephen@swansea.ac.uk

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Off-Criticality and the Massive Brownian Loop Soup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Brownian loop soup is a conformally invariant Poissonian ensemble of loops in the plane recently introduced by Lawler and Werner. It has attracted significant attention for its connection to the Schramm-Loewner Evolution and Conformal Loop Ensembles and its consequent ability to describe the critical scaling limit of two-dimensional statistical mechanical models. In this paper, we introduce a natural "massive" (non-scale-invariant) version of the Brownian loop soup as a candidate to describe near-critical scaling limits, and study some of its properties, such as conformal covariance, exponential decay of correlations, and Hausdorff dimension. We also show that the massive Brownian loop soup arises as the near-critical scaling limit of a "gas" of random walk loops which is closely related to the discrete Gaussian free field.

Federico Camia

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

104

Direct-contact closed-loop heat exchanger  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature heat exchanger with a closed loop and a heat transfer liquid within the loop, the closed loop having a first horizontal channel with inlet and outlet means for providing direct contact of a first fluid at a first temperature with the heat transfer liquid, a second horizontal channel with inlet and outlet means for providing direct contact of a second fluid at a second temperature with the heat transfer liquid, and means for circulating the heat transfer liquid.

Berry, Gregory F. (Naperville, IL); Minkov, Vladimir (Skokie, IL); Petrick, Michael (Joliet, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Quantum Configuration Space of Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The article gives an account of several aspects of the space known as the Bohr compactification of the line, featuring as the quantum configuration space in loop quantum cosmology, as well as of the corresponding configuration space realization of the so-called polymer representation. Analogies with loop quantum gravity are explored, providing an introduction to (part of) the mathematical structure of loop quantum gravity, in a technically simpler context.

J. M. Velhinho

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

106

Geothermal Ground-Loop Preinstallation Project at Walden Pond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geothermal ground-source heat pumps can help utilities increase electricity sales while reducing peak demands, but high ground-loop installation costs are a barrier to widespread acceptance. This project, conducted with Public Service Company of Indiana, demonstrated that mass installation of ground loops in a residential subdivision prior to home construction can substantially reduce installed cost for both horizontal and vertical loop configurations.

1990-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

107

Evolution and dynamics of cusped light-like Wilson loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possible relation between the singular structure of TMDs on the light-cone and the geometrical behaviour of rectangular Wilson loops.

Frederik F. Van der Veken

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

108

Chemical Looping Combustion Prototype for CO2 Capture from Existing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

looping combustion prototype based on successful development and testing of a 65 kW (thermal) pilot-scale system under a previous Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative...

109

Open versus closed loop capacity equilibria in electricity markets ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 7, 2012 ... Open versus closed loop capacity equilibria in electricity markets under ... We also present and analyze alternative conjectured price response...

110

Bosonic (meta)stabilization of cosmic string loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possibility of a bosonic (meta)stabilization of a cosmic gauge string loop due to the presence of a gas of low mass bosonic particles which become trapped within the string core. This boson gas exerts a pressure which tends to counteract the string tension, allowing a circular string loop to find a finite equilibrium radius, provided that gas particles do not escape the string core. However, high energy bosons do escape, and consequently the loop shrinks and the temperature rises. Estimates indicate that the bosonic stabilization mechanism is ineffective, and the loop is unstable against decay.

J. R. Morris

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

111

Chemical Looping Gasification for Hydrogen Enhanced Syngas Production...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Looping Gasification for Hydrogen Enhanced Syngas Production with In-Situ CO2 Capture The Ohio State University (OSU) Project Number: FE0012136 Project Description The...

112

Experimental and computational studies of loop heat pipes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Computational and experimental investigations of fluid flow and heat transfer aspects of loop heat pipes (LHPs) are presented in this thesis. The overall goal is (more)

Atabaki, Nima.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

NETL: Novel Oxygen Carriers for Coal-Fueled Chemical Looping...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Looping Combustion Project No.: DE-FE0001808 NETL has partnered with Western Kentucky University to develop a series of advanced oxygen carriers for coal-fueled...

114

Precipitation and scaling in dynamic geothermal systems. [Titanium loop facility  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A dynamic loop facility for studying scaling in simulated geothermal brines--under conditions such as will be encountered in engineering scale heat transfer equipment is being constructed. The first phase of the program consists of two principal efforts: (1) modification of an existing 100 gpm titanium loop to provide the engineering scaling test facility and (2) operation of an approximately 1 gph once-through (experimental) system to provide design data for titanium loop modifications to provide experience with scale formation and characterization. This experience is being used in planning the scaling studies to be conducted in the dynamic loop facility. The status of the project is described.

Bohlmann, E.G.; Shor, A.J.; Berlinski, P.

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Open-loop heat-recovery dryer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drying apparatus is disclosed that includes a drum and an open-loop airflow pathway originating at an ambient air inlet, passing through the drum, and terminating at an exhaust outlet. A passive heat exchanger is included for passively transferring heat from air flowing from the drum toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the ambient air inlet toward the drum. A heat pump is also included for actively transferring heat from air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the drum. A heating element is also included for further heating air flowing from the heat pump toward the drum.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward Evan

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

116

ABJ Fractional Brane from ABJM Wilson Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new Fermi gas formalism for the ABJ matrix model. This formulation takes a form that identifies the effect of the fractional M2-brane in the ABJ matrix model as that of a composite Wilson loop operator in the corresponding ABJM matrix model. Using this formalism, we study the phase dependence of the ABJ partition function numerically and find a simple rule for it. We further compute first few exact values at some coupling constants. Fitting these exact values against the expected form of the grand potential we can write down the grand potential with exact coefficients. The results at various coupling constants enable us to conjecture an explicit form of the grand potential for general coupling constants. This matches with a natural generalization of the perturbative sum, worldsheet instantons and bound states from the ABJM matrix model, but contains a minor difference in the membrane instantons.

Sho Matsumoto; Sanefumi Moriyama

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research at the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility was successfully concluded in September 1979. In 13,000 hours of operation over a three and one half year period, the nominal 10 megawatt electrical equivalent GLEF provided the opportunity to identify problems in working with highly saline geothermal fluids and to develop solutions that could be applied to a commercial geothermal power plant producing electricity. A seven and one half year period beginning in April 1972, with early well flow testing and ending in September 1979, with the completion of extensive facility and reservoir operations is covered. During this period, the facility was designed, constructed and operated in several configurations. A comprehensive reference document, addressing or referencing documentation of all the key areas investigated is presented.

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

The HTGR Closed - Loop Energy System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes some of the studies performed during the past several years on the application of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) to the U.S. industrial energy market. The specific concept utilizes a closed-loop thermo chemical pipe (TCP), combined with the HTGR to serve dispersed industrial heat and electrical loads. Heat in various forms can be supplied at temperatures up to about 1700 F. The system substitutes nuclear energy for fluid fuels, conserves energy compared to many alternatives, and features zero emissions at the user site. Potential U.S. market size for the HTGR/TCP system appears to be approximately 8 quads per year (300 GWT to 400 GWT) in the 2000 to 2020 time period. The current U.S. HTGR development program is focused on industrial heat applications.

Leeth, G. G.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

URANIUM-BISMUTH IN-PILE CORROSION TEST LOOP. RADIATION LOOP NO. 1  

SciTech Connect

A loop was operated in the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor to determine the effect of in-pile irradiation on the corrosion of various materials by a U-- Bi solution. The loop wws fabricated of 21/4% chrome-1% Mo steel and contained, in the in-pile section, specimens of low-chrome steels, C steel, Mo, Be, Ta, and graphite. The U--Bi solution containing 869 ppm U/sup 235/ 98 ppm U/ sup 238/, 236 ppm Zr, and 346 ppm Mg was circulated at 51/4 gpm. A temperature difference of 75 deg C was maintained on the loop. The in-pile test section ran at 500 deg C and the finned cooler section at 425 deg C. The in-pile test section was exposed to a neutron flux of 4.4 x 10/sup 12/ neutrons/cm/sup 2/-sec which provided a fission density of 5.5 x 10/sup 10/ fissions/cm/sup 3/-sec. Metallographic examination indicated that the corrosion and/or erosion of the steel and graphite specimens was nil. Wetting of the specimens by the U-Bi solution was limited. Results indicate that in-pile and out-of-pile experimental results are similar and that fission fragment recoils did not contribute materially to either wetting or corrosion under the conditions imposed in this test. (auth)

Waide, C.H.; Kukacka, L.E.; Meyer, R.A.; Milau, J.; Klein, J.H.; Chow, J.G.Y.; Klamut, C.J.; Gurinsky, D.H.

1961-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Feature Exploration for Mining Coronal Loops from Solar Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coronal loops are especially important in analyzing some important phenomena related to the Sun such as the controversial coronal heating problem. The analysis requires astrophysicists to manually sift through thousands of images in order to acquire ... Keywords: feature extraction, coronal loops, SOHO, data mining, solar

Nurcan Durak; Olfa Nasraoui

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Singlet Free Energies and Renormalized Polyakov Loop in full QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the free energy of a static quark anti-quark pair and the renormalized Polyakov loop in 2+1- and 3- flavor QCD using $16^3 \\times 4$ and $16^3 \\times 6$ lattices and improved staggered p4 action. We also compare the renormalized Polyakov loop with the results of our earlier studies.

K. Petrov

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

122

Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO Xinmin Hu Daniel Ralph to model markets for delivery of electrical power on looped transmission networks. It analyzes in transmission capacity mean the ISO potentially sets a different electricity price at each node of the trans

Ferris, Michael C.

123

The Spectrum of Loop Current Variability from Gappy Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this work was to understand the rate at which large anticyclonic rings are shed from the Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico. The northward penetration of the Loop Current is used here as a surrogate variable. Data are primarily from ...

Wilton Sturges

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Solid looping cycles: A new technology for coal conversion  

SciTech Connect

This article examines both oxygen looping cycles (otherwise known as chemical looping combustion), and lime-based CO{sub 2} looping cycles, where calcined limestone is used for in situ CO{sub 2} capture. There has been a rapid rise in the amount of research carried out recently, and both technologies are likely to see practical application in the near future. However, these technologies urgently require demonstration at the large pilot-plant level - in the case of chemical looping cycles for use with high-pressure syngas of the type likely to be produced by current coal gasification technologies and in the case of CO{sub 2} looping cycles both for combustion and gasification applications with coal. Both approaches have potential for application in schemes for H{sub 2} production, but these have not been considered here, although such applications will also inevitably follow in the medium to long term.

Anthony, E.J. [CANMET Energy Technology Centre Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Natural Resources Canada

2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

A thermodynamic model for agglomeration of DNA-looping proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a thermodynamic mechanism for the formation of transcriptional foci via the joint agglomeration of DNA-looping proteins and protein-binding domains on DNA: The competition between the gain in protein-DNA binding free energy and the entropy loss due to DNA looping is argued to result in an effective attraction between loops. A mean-field approximation can be described analytically via a mapping to a restricted random-graph ensemble having local degree constraints and global constraints on the number of connected components. It shows the emergence of protein clusters containing a finite fraction of all looping proteins. If the entropy loss due to a single DNA loop is high enough, this transition is found to be of first order.

Sumedha; Martin Weigt

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

126

TS LOOP NON-POTABLE PUMP EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

This analysis evaluates the existing subsurface non-potable water system from the portal pump to the end of the water line in the South Ramp and determines if the pump size and spacing meets the system pressure and flow requirements for construction operations and incipient fire fighting capability as established in the Subsurface Fire Hazards Analysis (CRWMS M&O 1998b). This analysis does not address the non potable water system in the Cross Drift which is covered under a previous design analysis (CRWMS-M&O 1998a). The Subsurface Fire Hazards Analysis references sections of OSHA 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L for requirements applicable to the incipient fire fighting hose stations used underground. This analysis does not address mechanical system valves, fittings, risers and other components of the system piping. This system is not designed or intended to meet all National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes for a fire fighting system but is only considered a backup system to fire extinguishers that are installed throughout the Topopah Springs (TS) Loop and may be used to fight small incipient stage fires.

S. Goodin

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

Consistent probabilities in loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fundamental issue for any quantum cosmological theory is to specify how probabilities can be assigned to various quantum events or sequences of events such as the occurrence of singularities or bounces. In previous work, we have demonstrated how this issue can be successfully addressed within the consistent histories approach to quantum theory for Wheeler-DeWitt-quantized cosmological models. In this work, we generalize that analysis to the exactly solvable loop quantization of a spatially flat, homogeneous and isotropic cosmology sourced with a massless, minimally coupled scalar field known as sLQC. We provide an explicit, rigorous and complete decoherent histories formulation for this model and compute the probabilities for the occurrence of a quantum bounce vs. a singularity. Using the scalar field as an emergent internal time, we show for generic states that the probability for a singularity to occur in this model is zero, and that of a bounce is unity, complementing earlier studies of the expectation values of the volume and matter density in this theory. We also show from the consistent histories point of view that all states in this model, whether quantum or classical, achieve arbitrarily large volume in the limit of infinite `past' or `future' scalar `time', in the sense that the wave function evaluated at any arbitrary fixed value of the volume vanishes in that limit. Finally, we briefly discuss certain misconceptions concerning the utility of the consistent histories approach in these models.

David A. Craig; Parampreet Singh

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

128

Laser photon statistics in the feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mere correspondence between the electron statistics and the photon one vanishes in the feedback loop (FBL). It means that the direct photodetection, supplying us with the electron statistics, does not provide us with a wished information about the laser photon statistics. For getting this information we should think up another measurement procedure, and we in the article suggest applying the three-level laser as a auxiliary measuring device. This laser has impressive property, namely, its photon statistics survive information about the initial photon statistics of the laser which excites coherently the three-level medium. Thus, if we choose the laser in the FBL as exciting the three-level laser, then we have an possibility to evaluate its initial photon statistics by means of direct detecting the three-level laser emission. Finally, this approach allows us to conclude the feedback is not capable of creating a regularity in the laser light beam. Contrary, the final photon fluctuations turn out to be always even bigger. The mentioned above feature of the three-level laser takes place only for the strong interaction between the lasers (exciting and excited). It means the initial state of the exciting laser is changed dramatically, so our measurement procedure can not be identified with some non-demolition one.

T. Yu. Golubeva; Yu. M. Golubev

2005-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

129

EXAMINATION OF Zr AND Ti RECOMBINER LOOP SPECIMENS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cold-worked specimens of iodide zirconium, Zircaloy-2, iodide titanium, and A-55 titanium were tested in a high-pressure recombiner loop in an attempt to duplicate anomalous results obtained in a prior recombiner loop. Hydrogen analyses and metallographic examinations were made on all specimens. The titanium materials and Zircaloy-2 picked up major amounts of hydrogen in the cell section. None of the materials tested showed appreciable hydrogen absorption in the recombiner section. Complete recrystallization occurred in all cell specimens while only Zircaloy-2, of the recombiner specimens, showed any degree of recrystallization. No explanation for this behavior can be given. A survnnary of the data obtained in previous recombiner loops is compared with the results of this loop. Conclusions were based on the results of three recombiner loops. Primarlly because of the hydrogen absorption data obtained in all three recombiner loops it is recommended that the zirconium and titunium materials tested not be used in environments similar to those encountered in high pressure recombiner loops. (auth)

Rittenhouse, P.L.

1958-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

130

Observation of multiple sausage oscillations in cool postflare loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using simultaneous high spatial (1.3 arc sec) and temporal (5 and 10 s) resolution H-alpha observations from the 15 cm Solar Tower Telescope at ARIES, we study the oscillations in the relative intensity to explore the possibility of sausage oscillations in the chromospheric cool postflare loop. We use standard wavelet tool, and find the oscillation period of ~ 587 s near the loop apex, and ~ 349 s near the footpoint. We suggest that the oscillations represent the fundamental and the first harmonics of fast sausage waves in the cool postflare loop. Based on the period ratio P1/P2 ~ 1.68, we estimate the density scale height in the loop as ~ 17 Mm. This value is much higher than the equilibrium scale height corresponding to H-alpha temperature, which probably indicates that the cool postflare loop is not in hydrostatic equilibrium. Seismologically estimated Alfv\\'en speed outside the loop is ~ 300-330 km/s. The observation of multiple oscillations may play a crucial role in understanding the dynamics of lower solar atmosphere, complementing such oscillations already reported in the upper solar atmosphere (e.g., hot flaring loops).

A. K. Srivastava; T. V. Zaqarashvili; W. Uddin; B. N. Dwivedi; Pankaj Kumar

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

131

Iterational retiming: Maximize iteration-level parallelism for nested loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nested loops are the most critical sections in many scientific and Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications. It is important to study effective and efficient transformation techniques to increase parallelism for nested loops. In this paper, we propose a novel technique, iterational retiming, that can satisfy any given timing constraint by achieving full parallelism for iterations in a partition. Theorems and efficient algorithms are proposed for iterational retiming. The experimental results show that iterational retiming is a promising technique for parallel embedded systems. It can achieve 87% improvement over software pipelining and 88 % improvement over loop unfolding on average.

Chun Xue; Zili Shao; Meilin Liu; Edwin H. -m. Sha

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Zipping and Unzipping of Cosmic String Loops in Collision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the collision of two cosmic string loops is studied. After collision junctions are formed and the loops are entangled. We show that after their formation the junctions start to unzip and the loops disentangle. This analysis provides a theoretical understanding of the unzipping effect observed in numerical simulations of a network of cosmic strings with more than one type of cosmic strings. The unzipping phenomena have important effects in the evolution of cosmic string networks when junctions are formed upon collision, such as in a network of cosmic superstrings.

Hassan Firouzjahi; Johanna Karouby; Shahram Khosravi; Robert Brandenberger

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

133

Direct-contact closed-loop heat exchanger  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature heat exchanger is disclosed which has a closed loop and a heat transfer liquid within the loop, the closed loop having a first horizontal channel with inlet and outlet means for providing direct contact of a first fluid at a first temperature with the heat transfer liquid, a second horizontal channel with inlet and outlet means for providing direct contact of a second fluid at a second temperature with the heat transfer liquid, and means for circulating the heat transfer liquid.

Berry, G.F.; Minkov, V.; Petrick, M.

1981-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

Equivalence of string and fusion loop-spin structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of the fusion relation of loops was recognized in the context of spin structures on the loop space by Stolz and Teichner and further developed by Waldorf. On a spin manifold M the equivalence classes of `fusive' spin structures on the loop space LM, incorporating the fusion property, strong regularity and reparameterization-invariance, are shown to be in 1-1 correspondence with equivalence classes of string structures on M. The identification is through the affine space of `string' cohomology classes considered by Redden.

Chris Kottke; Richard Melrose

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Fiber-bragg grating-loop ringdown method and apparatus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A device comprising a fiber grating loop ringdown (FGLRD) system of analysis is disclosed. A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) or Long-Period grating (LPG) written in a section of single mode fused silica fiber is incorporated into a fiber loop. By utilizing the wing areas of the gratings' bandwidth as a wavelength dependent attenuator of the light transmission, a fiber grating loop ringdown concept is formed. One aspect of the present invention is temperature sensing, which has been demonstrated using the disclosed device. Temperature measurements in the areas of accuracy, stability, high temperature, and dynamic range are also described.

Wang, Chuji (Starkville, MS)

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

136

Fiber-bragg grating-loop ringdown method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device comprising a fiber grating loop ringdown (FGLRD) system of analysis is disclosed. A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) or Long-Period grating (LPG) written in a section of single mode fused silica fiber is incorporated into a fiber loop. By utilizing the wing areas of the gratings' bandwidth as a wavelength dependent attenuator of the light transmission, a fiber grating loop ringdown concept is formed. One aspect of the present invention is temperature sensing, which has been demonstrated using the disclosed device. Temperature measurements in the areas of accuracy, stability, high temperature, and dynamic range are also described.

Wang, Chuji (Starkville, MS)

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

Boosted Fast Flux Loop Alternative Cooling Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Gas Test Loop (GTL) Project was instituted to develop the means for conducting fast neutron irradiation tests in a domestic radiation facility. It made use of booster fuel to achieve the high neutron flux, a hafnium thermal neutron absorber to attain the high fast-to-thermal flux ratio, a mixed gas temperature control system for maintaining experiment temperatures, and a compressed gas cooling system to remove heat from the experiment capsules and the hafnium thermal neutron absorber. This GTL system was determined to provide a fast (E > 0.1 MeV) flux greater than 1.0E+15 n/cm2-s with a fast-to-thermal flux ratio in the vicinity of 40. However, the estimated system acquisition cost from earlier studies was deemed to be high. That cost was strongly influenced by the compressed gas cooling system for experiment heat removal. Designers were challenged to find a less expensive way to achieve the required cooling. This report documents the results of the investigation leading to an alternatively cooled configuration, referred to now as the Boosted Fast Flux Loop (BFFL). This configuration relies on a composite material comprised of hafnium aluminide (Al3Hf) in an aluminum matrix to transfer heat from the experiment to pressurized water cooling channels while at the same time providing absorption of thermal neutrons. Investigations into the performance this configuration might achieve showed that it should perform at least as well as its gas-cooled predecessor. Physics calculations indicated that the fast neutron flux averaged over the central 40 cm (16 inches) relative to ATR core mid-plane in irradiation spaces would be about 1.04E+15 n/cm2-s. The fast-to-thermal flux ratio would be in excess of 40. Further, the particular configuration of cooling channels was relatively unimportant compared with the total amount of water in the apparatus in determining performance. Thermal analyses conducted on a candidate configuration showed the design of the water coolant and Al-Hf alloy heat sink system is capable of maintaining all system components below their maximum temperature limits. The maximum temperature of this conduction cooling system, 224.2C (435.6 F) occurs in a small, localized region in the heat sink structure near the core mid-plane. The total coolant flow rate requirement for this configuration is 207 L/min (54.7 gpm). The calculated Flow Instability Ratio and Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio for this configuration under nominal conditions are 6.5 and 8.0, respectively, which safely exceed the minimum values of 2.0. Materials and fabrication issues inspection revealed that the neutron absorber would probably best be made from powdered Al3Hf mixed with aluminum powder and extruded or hot isostatically pressed. Although Al3Hf has not been specifically studied extensively, its mechanical and chemical properties should be very much like Al3Zr, which has been studied. Its behavior under irradiation should be very satisfactory, and resistance to corrosion will be investigated to a limited extent in planned miniplate irradiation tests in ATR. Pressurized water systems needed to effect heat removal are already available in the ATR complex, and mixed gas temperature control systems needed to trim experiment temperatures have been engineered and need only be fabricated and installed. In sum, it appears the alternately cooled configuration arrived at can be very successful. The cost estimate for this configuration indicates to

Glen R. Longhurst; Donna Post Guillen; James R. Parry; Douglas L. Porter; Bruce W. Wallace

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Ground Loop Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Loop Design Ground Loop Design Ground Loop Design logo Ground Loop Design is a versatile ground source heat pump system design program that helps the trained geothermal HVAC designer/engineer size equipment, determine the correct lengths of bore or pipe required for commercial projects, optimize the piping configuration for balanced flow and optimal heat transfer, and calculate the annual and lifetime energy/operating/emissions costs associated with the design. The modular program enhances design productivity and permits flexibility in the designing process and customization based on designer preferences. It also has an English/metric conversion engine and is available in many languages, providing applicability to the widest range of equipment and customers. Screen Shots

139

High Spatial Resolution Observations of Loops in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determining how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in July 2012. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) data for a subset of 79 of these loops and find that their temperature distributions are narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of proposed physical mechanisms.

Brooks, David H; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio; Winebarger, Amy R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Loop Current Response to Hurricanes Isidore and Lili  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent hurricane activity over the Gulf of Mexico basin has underscored the importance of the Loop Current (LC) and its deep, warm thermal structure on hurricane intensity. During Hurricanes Isidore and Lili in 2002, research flights were ...

Lynn K. Shay; Eric W. Uhlhorn

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

N >= 4 Supergravity Amplitudes from Gauge Theory at Two Loops  

SciTech Connect

We present the full two-loop four-graviton amplitudes in N = 4, 5, 6 supergravity. These results were obtained using the double-copy structure of gravity, which follows from the recently conjectured color-kinematics duality in gauge theory. The two-loop four-gluon scattering amplitudes in N = 0, 1, 2 supersymmetric gauge theory are a second essential ingredient. The gravity amplitudes have the expected infrared behavior: the two-loop divergences are given in terms of the squares of the corresponding one-loop amplitudes. The finite remainders are presented in a compact form. The finite remainder for N = 8 supergravity is also presented, in a form that utilizes a pure function with a very simple symbol.

Boucher-Veronneau, C.; Dixon, L.J.; /SLAC

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Geometry of loop quantum gravity on a graph  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the meaning of geometrical constructions associated to loop quantum gravity states on a graph. In particular, we discuss the 'twisted geometries' and derive a simple relation between these and Regge geometries.

Rovelli, Carlo; Speziale, Simone [Centre de Physique Theorique, CNRS-Luminy Case 907, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09 (France)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Oxygen Carriers for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion Process  

This patent-pending technology, Regenerable Mixed Copper-Iron-Inert Support Oxygen Carriers for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion Process, provides a metal-oxide oxygen carrier for application in fuel combustion processes that use oxygen.

144

Coal Direct Chemical Looping Retrofit for Pulverized Coal-Fired...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Direct Chemical Looping Retrofit for Pulverized Coal-Fired Power Plants with In-Situ CO 2 Capture Background Pulverized coal (PC)-fired power plants provide nearly 50% of...

145

The search for the phonological store: From loop to convolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phonological loop system of Baddeley and colleagues' Working Memory model is a major accomplishment of the modern era of cognitive psychology. It was one of the first information processing models to make an explicit attempt to accommodate both traditional ...

Bradley R. Buchsbaum; Mark D'Esposito

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Numerical Study of Loop Current Intrusions and Eddy Shedding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of the eddy shedding by the Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico have been investigated using three nonlinear numerical models: two-layer, barotropic and reduced gravity. The barotropic and reduced gravity models demonstrate the ...

H. E. Hurlburt; J. Dana Thompson

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Topological interactions between ring polymers: Implications for chromatin loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chromatin looping is a major epigenetic regulatory mechanism in higher eukaryotes. Besides its role in transcriptional regulation, chromatin loops have been proposed to play a pivotal role in the segregation of entire chromosomes. The detailed topological and entropic forces between loops still remain elusive. Here, we quantitatively determine the potential of mean force between the centers of mass of two ring polymers, i.e. loops. We find that the transition from a linear to a ring polymer induces a strong increase in the entropic repulsion between these two polymers. On top, topological interactions such as the non-catenation constraint further reduce the number of accessible conformations of close-by ring polymers by about 50%, resulting in an additional effective repulsion. Furthermore, the transition from linear to ring polymers displays changes in the conformational and structural properties of the system. In fact, ring polymers adopt a markedly more ordered and aligned state than linear ones. The force...

Bohn, Manfred

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A Trigger Mechanism for Loop Current Ring Separations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico sheds large anticyclonic rings on an irregular basis. The authors attempt to show what actually triggers the ring separations. Pulses of increased transport through the Florida Straits, as observed by the ...

Wilton Sturges; Nicholas G. Hoffmann; Robert R. Leben

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Klystron "efficiency loop" for the ALS storage ring RF system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFICIENCY LOOP FOR THE ALS STORAGE RING RF SYSTEM* S.at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) in order to decrease thethe cavities. 1 INTRODUCTION ALS Storage Ring RF system is

Kwiatkowski, Slawomir; Julian, Jim; Baptiste, Kenneth

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Investigations of tetraspanin functions using large extracellular loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes our characterization of a specific tetraspanin domain: the large extracellular loop (LEL). Tetraspanins are involved in cellular migration, adhesion, and metastasis, sperm-egg fusion, and viral ...

Liu, Christopher C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Corrosion of alloy 718 in a mercury thermal convection loop  

SciTech Connect

Two thermal convection loops (TCLs) fabricated from annealed alloy 718 continuously circulated mercury (Hg) with 1000 wppm gallium (Ga), respectively, for about 5000 h, duplicating previous TCL tests for annealed 316L. In each case, the maximum loop temperature was 305C, the minimum temperature was 242C, and the Hg flow rate was approximately 1.2 m/min. Unlike the 316L exposed to Hg, which above about 260C exhibited a thin, porous surface layer depleted in Ni and Cr, the alloy 718 coupons revealed essentially no wetting and, therefore, no interaction with that Hg at any temperature. Alloy 718 coupons suspended in the loops revealed inconsequentially small weight changes, and both the coupons and loop tubing exhibited no detectable metallographic evidence of attack.

Pawel, S.J.; DiStefano, J.R.; Manneschmidt, E.T.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Sodium Plugging Test Loop - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sodium Plugging Test Loop Sodium Plugging Test Loop Sodium Plugging Test Loop Overview Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Sodium Plugging Test Loop This experimental setup is part of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Advanced Fuel Cycle R&D work carried out at Argonne on advanced sodium component technology. Bookmark and Share For long range sodium technology research and development, employing supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle power conversion technology as an advanced balance of plant technology is being considered. The component that provides the interface between the sodium and supercritical CO2 is a compact heat exchanger known as a printed circuit heat exchanger (PCHE). This heat exchanger has very small coolant flow passages that may foul or

153

Loop Current Eddy Paths in the Western Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paths of anticyclonic Loop Current eddies in the western Gulf of Mexico have been investigated using ARGOS-tracked drifters accompanied by hydrographic surveys. The analysis used orbit parameters derived from a least square fit of a ...

Peter Hamilton; G. S. Fargion; D. C. Biggs

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Snowmass Benchmark Points and Three-Loop Running  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the full three-loop beta-functions for the MSSM generalised to include additional matter multiplets in 5, 10 representations of SU(5). We analyse in detail the effect of three-loop running on the sparticle spectrum for the MSSM Snowmass Benchmark Points. We also consider the effect on these spectra of additional matter multiplets (the semi-perturbative unification scenario).

I. Jack; D. R. T. Jones; A. F. Kord

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

155

Water-Loop Heat Pump Systems: Assessment Study Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water-loop heat pump systems, composed of multiple water-source heat pumps, a boiler, and a cooling tower operating in a closed water loop are a key segment of the commercial building heat pump market. This type of system provides a low-first-cost, versatile, and energy-efficient approach to space conditioning commercial buildings that have simultaneous heating and cooling loads.

1991-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

156

On the Rational Terms of the one-loop amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The various sources of Rational Terms contributing to the one-loop amplitudes are critically discussed. We show that the terms originating from the generic (n-4)-dimensional structure of the numerator of the one-loop amplitude can be derived by using appropriate Feynman rules within a tree-like computation. For the terms that originate from the reduction of the 4-dimensional part of the numerator, we present two different strategies and explicit algorithms to compute them.

Giovanni Ossola; Costas G. Papadopoulos; Roberto Pittau

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

157

HEATING OF FLARE LOOPS WITH OBSERVATIONALLY CONSTRAINED HEATING FUNCTIONS  

SciTech Connect

We analyze high-cadence high-resolution observations of a C3.2 flare obtained by AIA/SDO on 2010 August 1. The flare is a long-duration event with soft X-ray and EUV radiation lasting for over 4 hr. Analysis suggests that magnetic reconnection and formation of new loops continue for more than 2 hr. Furthermore, the UV 1600 Angstrom-Sign observations show that each of the individual pixels at the feet of flare loops is brightened instantaneously with a timescale of a few minutes, and decays over a much longer timescale of more than 30 minutes. We use these spatially resolved UV light curves during the rise phase to construct empirical heating functions for individual flare loops, and model heating of coronal plasmas in these loops. The total coronal radiation of these flare loops are compared with soft X-ray and EUV radiation fluxes measured by GOES and AIA. This study presents a method to observationally infer heating functions in numerous flare loops that are formed and heated sequentially by reconnection throughout the flare, and provides a very useful constraint to coronal heating models.

Qiu Jiong; Liu Wenjuan; Longcope, Dana W. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717-3840 (United States)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

158

Triple loop heat exchanger for an absorption refrigeration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A triple loop heat exchanger for an absorption refrigeration system is disclosed. The triple loop heat exchanger comprises portions of a strong solution line for conducting relatively hot, strong solution from a generator to a solution heat exchanger of the absorption refrigeration system, conduit means for conducting relatively cool, weak solution from the solution heat exchanger to the generator, and a bypass system for conducting strong solution from the generator around the strong solution line and around the solution heat exchanger to an absorber of the refrigeration system when strong solution builds up in the generator to an undesirable level. The strong solution line and the conduit means are in heat exchange relationship with each other in the triple loop heat exchanger so that, during normal operation of the refrigeration system, heat is exchanged between the relatively hot, strong solution flowing through the strong solution line and the relatively cool, weak solution flowing through the conduit means. Also, the strong solution line and the bypass system are in heat exchange relationship in the triple loop heat exchanger so that if the normal flow path of relatively hot, strong solution flowing from the generator to an absorber is blocked, then this relatively, hot strong solution which will then be flowing through the bypass system in the triple loop heat exchanger, is brought into heat exchange relationship with any strong solution which may have solidified in the strong solution line in the triple loop heat exchanger to thereby aid in desolidifying any such solidified strong solution.

Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

2F and 2H evaporator loop evaluation closure report  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Concentrate Transfer System (CTS) tank ventilation system contamination event, a task team was formed to evaluate instrument loops associated with waste reduction equipment. During the event a conductivity probe designed to provide an alarm and initiate an interlock failed to respond to the presence of liquid. An investigation revealed that the probe had become disconnected from the loop. The daily functional check of the conductivity probe circuit only tested the circuit continuity from the ventilation unit to the control room and did not actually test the probe. To test the continuity, a test switch was used to simulate the conducting probe. Because the functional check did not test each part of the loop, the test could be satisfactorily completed even though the probe itself was inoperable. The function of the task team was to develop a list of loops and interlocks prioritized by importance and likelihood of similar failure. The team evaluated the associated loop calibration and functional test procedures to verify that they are adequate to ensure loop performance on a periodic frequency. This report documents the evaluation findings and associated actions required prior to startup of the 2F and 2H evaporators.

Bates, W.F.

1994-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

160

Design and analysis of a second order phase locked loops (PLLs)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work concerns with the design and analysis of phase locked loops (PLLs). In the last decade a lot of works have been done about the analysis of PLLs. The phase locked loops are analyzed briefly, second order, third order, and fourth order. In practically ... Keywords: charge pump PLL (CPPPL), loop filter (LF), phase locked loop (PLL)

Diary R. Sulaiman

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Micro-Columnated Loop Heat Pipe: The Future of Electronic Substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loop Heat Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Heat Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of operation of a heat pipe [13]. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dhillon, Navdeep Singh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Loop Current, Rings and Related Circulation in the Gulf of Mexico: A Review of Numerical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Loop Current, Rings and Related Circulation in the Gulf of Mexico: A Review of Numerical Models of the most energetic components of the circulation in the Gulf of Mexico: the Loop Current and Loop Current the observable features of the Loop Current and rings." The Gulf of Mexico is a semi-enclosed sea that con- nects

Ezer,Tal

163

An exercise in forecasting loop current and eddy frontal positions in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exercise in forecasting loop current and eddy frontal positions in the Gulf of Mexico L.-Y. Oey to forecast Loop Current and Loop Current eddy frontal positions in the Gulf of Mexico, the Princeton Regional (2005), An exercise in forecasting loop current and eddy frontal positions in the Gulf of Mexico

164

Synthesizing Transformations for Locality Enhancement of Imperfectly-Nested Loop Nests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear loop transformations and tiling are known to be very effective for enhancing locality of reference in perfectly-nested loops. However, they cannot be applied directly to imperfectly-nested loops. Some compilers attempt to convert imperfectly-nested ... Keywords: automatic locality enhancement, caches, imperfectly-nested loops, program transformation, restructuring compilers

Nawaaz Ahmed; Nikolay Mateev; Keshav Pingali

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

NETL: Alstom's Chemical Looping Combustion Technology with CO2 Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alstom's Chemical Looping Combustion Technology with CO2 Capture for New and Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants Alstom's Chemical Looping Combustion Technology with CO2 Capture for New and Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants Project No.: DE-FE0009484 Alstom is advancing the development of Limestone Chemical Looping Combustion (LCL-C(tm)) technology. Chemical looping has no direct contact between air and fuel. The looping process usually utilizes oxygen from a metal carrier, but in this case, limestone is used. Economic evaluations will be made of four LCL-C plant configurations. The base configuration plant has already been completed and will be updated from previous reports. A second case will compare the effects of designing the reducer reactor using CFB sizing standards. A third case will investigate the effects of using a pressurized reducer reactor. Pressurizing the reducer reduces the reactor size and reduces the amount of compression required for the CO2 outlet gas stream. A fourth case will investigate the use of an advanced ultra-supercritical (USC) steam cycle. The advanced USC steam cycle should increase overall plant efficiency and lower the cost of electricity. Mass and energy balances will be done for each case. The four LCL-CTM cases will be compared against a supercritical pulverized coal-fired plant without CO2 capture.

166

Topological interactions between ring polymers: Implications for chromatin loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chromatin looping is a major epigenetic regulatory mechanism in higher eukaryotes. Besides its role in transcriptional regulation, chromatin loops have been proposed to play a pivotal role in the segregation of entire chromosomes. The detailed topological and entropic forces between loops still remain elusive. Here, we quantitatively determine the potential of mean force between the centers of mass of two ring polymers, i.e. loops. We find that the transition from a linear to a ring polymer induces a strong increase in the entropic repulsion between these two polymers. On top, topological interactions such as the non-catenation constraint further reduce the number of accessible conformations of close-by ring polymers by about 50%, resulting in an additional effective repulsion. Furthermore, the transition from linear to ring polymers displays changes in the conformational and structural properties of the system. In fact, ring polymers adopt a markedly more ordered and aligned state than linear ones. The forces and accompanying changes in shape and alignment between ring polymers suggest an important regulatory function of such a topology in biopolymers. We conjecture that dynamic loop formation in chromatin might act as a versatile control mechanism regulating and maintaining different local states of compaction and order.

Manfred Bohn; Dieter W. Heermann

2010-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

167

Electroweak Constraints on the Fourth Generation at Two Loop Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If the Higgs-like particle at 126 GeV is the standard model Higgs boson, then SM4, the simplest four generation extension of the SM, is inconsistent with the most recent LHC data. However, 4G variations (BSM4) are possible if the new particle is not the SM Higgs boson and/or if other new quanta modify its production and decay rates. Since LHC searches have pushed 4G quarks to high mass and strong coupling where perturbation theory eventually fails, we examine the leading nondecoupling EW (electroweak) corrections at two loop order to estimate the domain of validity for perturbation theory. We find that the two loop hypercharge correction, which has not been included in previous EW fits of 4G models, makes the largest quark sector contribution to the rho parameter, much larger even than the nominally leading one loop term. Because it is large and negative, it has a big effect on the EW fits. It does not invalidate perturbation theory since it only first appears at two loop order and is large because it does not vanish for equal quark doublet masses, unlike the one loop term. We estimate that perturbation theory is useful for $m_Q\\simeq 600$ GeV but begins to become marginal for $m_Q\\, \\gtap\\, 900$ GeV. The results apply directly to BSM4 models that retain the SM Higgs sector but must be re-evaluated for non-SM Higgs sectors.

Michael S. Chanowitz

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

168

Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers: Closed Loop, Space  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers: Closed Loop, Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers: Closed Loop, Space Heating Applications Only Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers: Closed Loop, Space Heating Applications Only October 8, 2013 - 2:23pm Addthis This cost calculator is a screening tool that estimates a product's lifetime energy cost savings at various efficiency levels. Learn more about the base model and other assumptions. Project Type Is this a new installation or a replacement? New Replacement What is the deliverable fluid type? Water Steam What fuel is used? Gas Oil How many boilers will you purchase? unit(s) Performance Factors Existing What is the capacity of the existing boiler? MBtu/hr* What is the thermal efficiency of the existing boiler? % Et New What is the capacity of the new boiler?

169

Quasi-Local Energy in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although there is no known meaningful notion of the energy density of the gravitational field in general relativity, a few notions of quasi-local energy of gravity associated to extended but finite domains have been proposed. In this paper, the notions of quasi-local energy are studied in the framework of loop quantum gravity, in order to see whether these notions can be carried out at quantum level. Two basic quasi-local geometric quantities are quantized, which lead to well-defined operators in the kinematical Hilbert space of loop quantum gravity. We then use them as basic building blocks to construct different versions of quasi-local energy operators. The operators corresponding to Brown-York energy, Liu-Yau energy, Hawking energy, and Geroch energy are obtained respectively. The virtue of the Geroch energy operator is beneficial for us to derive a rather general entropy-area relation and thus a holographic principle from loop quantum gravity.

Jinsong Yang; Yongge Ma

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

170

Quasi-Local Energy in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although there is no known meaningful notion of the energy density of the gravitational field in general relativity, a few notions of quasi-local energy of gravity associated to extended but finite domains have been proposed. In this paper, the notions of quasi-local energy are studied in the framework of loop quantum gravity, in order to see whether these notions can be carried out at quantum level. Two basic quasi-local geometric quantities are quantized, which lead to well-defined operators in the kinematical Hilbert space of loop quantum gravity. We then use them as basic building blocks to construct different versions of quasi-local energy operators. The operators corresponding to Brown-York energy, Liu-Yau energy, Hawking energy, and Geroch energy are obtained respectively. The virtue of the Geroch energy operator is beneficial for us to derive a rather general entropy-area relation from loop quantum gravity.

Yang, Jinsong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Multi-loop Feynman integrals and conformal quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New algebraic approach to analytical calculations of D-dimensional integrals for multi-loop Feynman diagrams is proposed. We show that the known analytical methods of evaluation of multi-loop Feynman integrals, such as integration by parts and star-triangle relation methods, can be drastically simplified by using this algebraic approach. To demonstrate the advantages of the algebraic method of analytical evaluation of multi-loop Feynman diagrams, we calculate ladder diagrams for the massless $\\phi^3$ theory. Using our algebraic approach we show that the problem of evaluation of special classes of Feynman diagrams reduces to the calculation of the Green functions for specific quantum mechanical problems. In particular, the integrals for ladder massless diagrams in the $\\phi^3$ scalar field theory are given by the Green function for the conformal quantum mechanics.

A. P. Isaev

2003-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

172

Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Belgium east loop active network management Country Belgium Coordinates 50.148746°, 4.086914° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.148746,"lon":4.086914,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

Novel Reactor Design for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Novel Reactor Design for Solid Fuel Novel Reactor Design for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion Opportunity Research is active on the patent pending technology, titled "Apparatus and Method for Solid Fuel Chemical Looping Combustion." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview The removal of CO2 from power plants is challenging because existing methods to separate CO2 from the gas mixture requires a significant fraction of the power plant output. Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a novel technology that utilizes a metal oxide oxygen carrier to transport oxygen to the fuel thereby avoiding direct contact between fuel and air. The use of CLC has the advantages of reducing the energy penalty while

174

From Classical To Quantum Gravity: Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an introduction to the canonical quantization of gravity performed in loop quantum gravity, based on lectures held at the 3rd quantum geometry and quantum gravity school in Zakopane in 2011. A special feature of this introduction is the inclusion of new proposals for coupling matter to gravity that can be used to deparametrize the theory, thus making its dynamics more tractable. The classical and quantum aspects of these new proposals are explained alongside the standard quantization of vacuum general relativity in loop quantum gravity.

Giesel, Kristina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Severe accident sequences analyzed for a two-loop PWR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different severe accident sequences have been analyzed for a two-loop Westinghouse pressurized water reactor (PWR) using the MELCOR code, version 1.8.4. The purpose of this study was to calculate source terms and the timing of events for severe accident sequences at this type of PWR to be used in the HAS-CAL code .The results calculated by MELCOR have been compared to results from the individual plant examination (IPE) of the Kewaunee nuclear power plant, also a two-loop Westinghouse PWR. The results of the Kewaunee IPE were obtained with the severe accident code MAAP.

Carbajo, J.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Dilaton Gravity, Poisson Sigma Models and Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spherically symmetric gravity in Ashtekar variables coupled to Yang-Mills theory in two dimensions and its relation to dilaton gravity and Poisson sigma models are discussed. After introducing its loop quantization, quantum corrections for inverse triad components are shown to provide a consistent deformation without anomalies. The relation to Poisson sigma models provides a covariant action principle of the quantum corrected theory with effective couplings. Results are also used to provide loop quantizations of spherically symmetric models in arbitrary D space-time dimensions.

Martin Bojowald; Juan D. Reyes

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

177

Gravity quantized: Loop quantum gravity with a scalar field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...''but we do not have quantum gravity.'' This phrase is often used when analysis of a physical problem enters the regime in which quantum gravity effects should be taken into account. In fact, there are several models of the gravitational field coupled to (scalar) fields for which the quantization procedure can be completed using loop quantum gravity techniques. The model we present in this paper consists of the gravitational field coupled to a scalar field. The result has similar structure to the loop quantum cosmology models, except that it involves all the local degrees of freedom of the gravitational field because no symmetry reduction has been performed at the classical level.

Domagala, Marcin; Kaminski, Wojciech [Instytut Fizyki Teoretycznej, Uniwersytet Warszawski, ul. Hoza 69, 00-681 Warszawa (Warsaw), Polska (Poland) (Poland); Giesel, Kristina [Excellence Cluster Universe, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Lewandowski, Jerzy [Instytut Fizyki Teoretycznej, Uniwersytet Warszawski, ul. Hoza 69, 00-681 Warszawa (Warsaw), Polska (Poland) (Poland); Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Physics Department, Penn State, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Silica precipitation and scaling in a dynamic loop system. [Design and testing of titanium corrosion test loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A titanium corrosion test loop was modified to provide a dynamic facility for studying the formation of silica precipitates and scale from simulated geothermal brines as a function of composition, temperature, and flow conditions. A schematic of the modified loop system is presented. The principal components and connecting piping are all constructed of commercially pure titanium. These components include a centrifugal pump, silica saturator column, segmented heat exchanger, reheat heat exchanger, and a high pressure feed pump (stainless steel). The system is designed to circulate simulated geothermal brines saturated with silica to approximately 300/sup 0/C for study of silica scaling. Data obtained from a test run are included. (JGB)

Bohlmann, E.G.; Shor, A.J.; Berlinski, P.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Why Can Wind Delay the Shedding of Loop Current Eddies?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is first shown that wind in the Gulf of Mexico can delay the shedding of Loop Current eddies. A time-dependent, three-dimensional numerical experiment forced by a spatially and temporally constant westward wind stress within the Gulf is ...

Y.-L. Chang; L.-Y. Oey

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Discrete gravity models and Loop Quantum Gravity: a short review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the relation between loop quantum gravity on a fixed graph and discrete models of gravity. We compare Regge and twisted geometries, and discuss discrete actions based on twisted geometries and on the discretization of the Plebanski action. We discuss the role of discrete geometries in the spin foam formalism, with particular attention to the definition of the simplicity constraints.

Dupuis, Maite; Speziale, Simone

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Water-Loop Heat Pump Systems: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water-loop heat pump (WLHP) systems are reliable, versatile, energy-efficient alternatives to conventional systems such as packaged rooftop or central chiller systems. These systems offer low installed costs, unparalleled design flexibility, and an inherent ability to recover heat in a variety of commercial and multifamily residential buildings for both new construction and retrofit markets.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Ideal kink instability of a magnetic loop equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The force-free coronal loop model by Titov & D\\'emoulin (1999} is found to be unstable with respect to the ideal kink mode, which suggests this instability as a mechanism for the initiation of flares. The long-wavelength ($m=1$) mode grows for average twists $\\Phi\\ga3.5\\pi$ (at a loop aspect ratio of $\\approx$ 5). The threshold of instability increases with increasing major loop radius, primarily because the aspect ratio then also increases. Numerically obtained equilibria at subcritical twist are very close to the approximate analytical equilibrium; they do not show indications of sigmoidal shape. The growth of kink perturbations is eventually slowed down by the surrounding potential field, which varies only slowly with radius in the model. With this field a global eruption is not obtained in the ideal MHD limit. Kink perturbations with a rising loop apex lead to the formation of a vertical current sheet below the apex, which does not occur in the cylindrical approximation.

T. Toeroek; B. Kliem; V. S. Titov

2003-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

183

Two-loop corrections to gluon fusion into two photons  

SciTech Connect

An overview of the calculation of the two-loop helicity amplitudes for scattering of two gluons into two photons is presented. These matrix elements enter into the recent improved calculation of the QCD background to Higgs boson decay into a pair of photons, which is the preferred search mode at the LHC for the case of a light Higgs boson.

Dixon, Lance

2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Cerenkov's Effect and Neutrino Oscillations in Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bounds on the scale parameter {\\cal L} arising in loop quantum gravity theory are derived in the framework of Cerenkov's effect and neutrino oscillations. Assuming that {\\cal L} is an universal constant, we infer {\\cal L}> 10^{-18}eV^{-1}, a bound compatible with ones inferred in different physical context.

G. Lambiase

2003-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

185

Loop Quantum Corrections to Statefinder Parameters of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short letter, we presented the explicit forms of the statefinder parameters for the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) Universe in the loop quantum cosmology (LQC) for Holographic dark energy and New-Agegraphic dark energy. Numerically we investigated cosmological implications of these parameters for models of dark energy.

Jamil, Mubasher; Myrzakulov, Ratbay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Loop Quantum Corrections to Statefinder Parameters of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short letter, we presented the explicit forms of the statefinder parameters for the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) Universe in the loop quantum cosmology (LQC) for Holographic dark energy and New-Agegraphic dark energy. Numerically we investigated cosmological implications of these parameters for models of dark energy.

Mubasher Jamil; D. Momeni; Ratbay Myrzakulov

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Mirnov loop array for field-reversed configurations  

SciTech Connect

An array of 64 magnetic pick-up loops has been used for stability studies of large field-reversed configurations in the FRX-C/LSM device. This array proved reliable, could resolve signals of a few Gauss, and allowed the detection of several plasma instabilities. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Tuszewski, M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Micro loop heat pipe evaporator coherent pore structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loop heat pipes seem a promising approach for application in modern technologies where such thermal devices as cooling fans and radiators cannot satisfy overall requirements. Even though a loop heat pipe has a big potential to remove the thermal energy from a high heat flux source, the heat removal performance of heat pipes cannot be predicted well since a first principles of evaporation has not been established. An evaporation model based on statistical rate theory has been recently suggested by Ward and developed for a single pore by Oinuma. A loop heat pipe with coherent pore wick structure has been proposed as a design model. To limit product development risk and to enhance performance assurance, design model features and performance parameters have been carefully reviewed during the concept development phase and have been deliberately selected so as to be well-founded on the limited existing loop heat pipe knowledge base. A first principles evaporation model has been applied for evaporator geometry optimization. A number of iteration calculations have been performed to satisfy design and operating limitations. A set of recommendations for design optimization has been formulated. An optimal model has been found and proposed for manufacture and experimental investigation.

Alexseev, Alexandre Viktorovich

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Phase Locked Loop Control of Inverters in a Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase Locked Loop Control of Inverters in a Microgrid Matthew Surprenant Dept of ECE University Venkataramanan Dept of ECE University of Wisconsin Madison, WI, USA Abstract--Microgrids are small for inverter-based microsources within a mi- crogrid. The general control philosophy within a microgrid

Hiskens, Ian A.

190

Loop Current excursions and ring detachments during 19932009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linkages between the variability of Loop Current LC surface dynamics, LC ring detachments, and the mean sea height anomaly in the Gulf of Mexico GOM are explored using a new methodology that locates the LC fronts and detects the shedding of LC rings. ...

David Lindo-Atichati, Francis Bringas, Gustavo Goni

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Closed Loop Test Facility for hot dirty gas valves  

SciTech Connect

A design study of a closed loop test facility for eight-inch hot dirty gas valves is presented. The objective of the facility is to quality valves for use in coal gasifiers, combined cycle plants, and pressurized fluid bed combustors. Outline sketches and estimated costs are presented for the selected design.

Not Available

1980-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

192

LOOP ROUTE UCSC CAMPUS SHUTTLES Saturday Service Hours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Way Social Sciences 2 ChinquapinRoad MERRILL COLLEGE McLaughlin Drive East Field House Hagar Drive, Hagar Drive, McLaughlin Drive, Heller Drive, and Empire Grade/High Street. Barn Theater Loop Science & Engineering Library Steinhart W ay Social Sciences 2 ChinquapinRoad MERRILL COLLEGE McLaughlin

California at Santa Cruz, University of

193

Energy of string loops and thermodynamics of dark energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the thermodynamic aspects of a simple model of cosmic string loops, whose energy is nonlinearly related to their lengths. We obtain in a direct way an equation of state having the form p=-(1+{alpha}){rho}/3, with {rho} the energy density and 1+{alpha} the exponent which relates the energy u{sub l} of a loop with its length l as u{sub l}{approx}l{sup 1+{alpha}}. In the linear situation ({alpha}=0) one has p=-{rho}/3, in the quadratic one ({alpha}=1) p=-2{rho}/3, and in the cubic case ({alpha}=2) p=-{rho}. For all values of {alpha} the entropy goes as S{approx}(2-{alpha})L{sup 3/2} (L being the string length density). The expression of S is useful to explore the behavior of such string loops under adiabatic expansion of the Universe. Thermodynamic stability suggests that the gas of string loops must coexist with several long strings, longer than the horizon radius.

Jou, D. [Departament de Fisica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia (Spain); Mongiovi, M. S.; Sciacca, M. [Dipartimento di Metodi e Modelli Matematici, Universita di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128, Palermo (Italy)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Polyhedral model based mapping optimization of loop nests for CGRAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coarse-grained reconfigurable architecture (CGRA) is a promising platform that provides both high performance and high power-efficiency. The compute-intensive portions of an application (e.g. loops) are often mapped onto CGRA for acceleration. To ...

Dajiang Liu, Shouyi Yin, Leibo Liu, Shaojun Wei

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COOLING PLASMA IN QUIESCENT ACTIVE REGION LOOPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, we use SOHO/SUMER, SOHO/UVCS, SOHO/EIT, SOHO/LASCO, STEREO/EUVI, and Hinode/EIS coordinated observations of an active region (AR 10989) at the west limb taken on 2008 April 8 to study the cooling of coronal loops. The cooling plasma is identified using the intensities of SUMER spectral lines emitted at temperatures in the 4.15 {EIS and SUMER spectral observations are used to measure the physical properties of the loops. We found that before cooling took place these loops were filled with coronal hole-like plasma, with temperatures in the 5.6 {<=} log T {<=} 5.9 range. SUMER spectra also allowed us to determine the plasma temperature, density, emission measure, element abundances, and dynamic status during the cooling process. The ability of EUVI to observe the emitting region from a different direction allowed us to measure the volume of the emitting region and estimate its emission measure. Comparison with values measured from line intensities provided us with an estimate of the filling factor. UVCS observations of the coronal emission above the active region showed no streamer structure associated with AR 10989 at position angles between 242{sup 0}and 253.{sup 0} EIT, LASCO, and EUVI-A narrowband images and UVCS spectral observations were used to discriminate between different scenarios and monitor the behavior of the active region in time. The present study provides the first detailed measurements of the physical properties of cooling loops, a very important benchmark for theoretical models of loop cooling and condensation.

Landi, E. [Artep, Inc. at Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave. S.W., 20375-5320, Washington DC (United States); Miralles, M. P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-50, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Curdt, W. [Max Planck Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max Planck Strasse 2, Katlenburg-Lindau 37191 (Germany); Hara, H. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

196

On the universality of some Smarandache loops of Bol-Moufang type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Smarandache quasigroup(loop) is shown to be universal if all its f,g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f,g-principal isotopes. Also, weak Smarandache loops of Bol-Moufang type such as Smarandache: left(right) Bol, Moufang and extra loops are shown to be universal if all their f,g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f,g-principal isotopes. Conversely, it is shown that if these weak Smarandache loops of Bol-Moufang type are universal, then some autotopisms are true in the weak Smarandache sub-loops of the weak Smarandache loops of Bol-Moufang type relative to some Smarandache elements. Futhermore, a Smarandache left(right) inverse property loop in which all its f,g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f,g-principal isotopes is shown to be universal if and only if it is a Smarandache left(right) Bol loop in which all its f,g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f,g-principal isotopes. Also, it is established that a Smarandache inverse property loop in which all its f,g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f,g-principal isotopes is universal if and only if it is a Smarandache Moufang loop in which all its f,g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f,g-principal isotopes. Hence, some of the autotopisms earlier mentioned are found to be true in the Smarandache sub-loops of universal Smarandache: left(right) inverse property loops and inverse property loops.

Temitope Gbolahan Jaiyeola

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

197

Preprocessing of backprojection images in the McClellan Nuclear Radiation Center tomography system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Neutron tomography is being investigated as a nondestructive technique for quantitative assessment of low atomic mass impurity concentration in metals. Neutrons maximize the sensitivity given their higher cross sections for low Z isotopes while tomography provides the three dimensional density information. The specific application is the detection of Hydrogen down to 200 ppm weight in aircraft engine compressor blades. A number of preprocessing corrections have been implemented for the backprojection images in order to achieve the detection requirements for a testing rate of three blades per hour. Among the procedures are corrections for neutron scattering and beam hardening. With these procedures the artifacts in tomographic reconstructions are shown to be less than the signal for 100 ppm hydrogen in titanium alloy samples.

Gibbons, M. R., LLNL

1998-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

198

Vadose Zone Monitoring System Installation Report for McClellan AFB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

100 ft but the cuttings indicated sandy sediment. The mostwas the predominance of sandy silt in the top 30 ft ofat 0942 in field: 0 ppm SANDY SILT (ML), with interlayered

Zawislanski, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

An Analysis of Loop Current Frontal Eddies in a Atlantic Ocean Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Loop Current frontal eddies (LCFEs) refer to cyclonic cold eddies moving downstream along the outside edge of the Loop Current in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. They have been observed by in situ measurements and satellite imagery, mostly ...

Haosheng Huang; Nan D. Walker; Ya Hsueh; Yi Chao; Robert R. Leben

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

An Analysis of Loop Current Frontal Eddies in a 1/6 Atlantic Ocean Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Loop Current Frontal Eddies (LCFEs) refer to cyclonic cold eddies moving downstream along the outside edge of the Loop Current in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. They have been observed by in-situ measurements and satellite imagery, mostly ...

Haosheng Huang; Nan D. Walker; Ya Hsueh; Yi Chao; Robert R. Leben

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

On the Linear Relationship between Loop Current Retreat Latitude and Eddy Separation Period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear correlation exists between the retreat latitude of the Loop Current following eddy separation and the subsequent eddy separation period. This empirical relationship was first identified in satellite altimeter-derived Loop Current ...

Alexis Lugo-Fernndez; Robert R. Leben

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The HIGGS Boson Mass at 2 Loops in the Finely Tuned Split Supersymmetric Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

The mass of the Higgs boson in the finely tuned Split Supersymmetric Standard Model is calculated. All 1 loop threshold effects are included, in addition to the full RG running of the Higgs quartic coupling through 2 loops. The 2 loop corrections are very small, typically less than 1GeV. The 1 loop threshold corrections to the top yukawa coupling and the Higgs mass generally push the Higgs mass down a few GeV.

Binger, M

2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

203

Particle sorter comprising a fluid displacer in a closed-loop fluid circuit  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein are methods and devices utilizing a fluid displacer in a closed-loop fluid circuit.

Perroud, Thomas D. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Kamlesh D. (Dublin, CA); Renzi, Ronald F. (Tracy, CA)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

204

Brief Nonlinear stabilization of a thermal convection loop by state feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear feedback control law that achieves global asymptotic stabilization of a 2D thermal convection loop (widely known for its ''Lorenz system'' approximation) is presented. The loop consists of viscous Newtonian fluid contained in between two ... Keywords: Backstepping, Boundary control, Convection loop

Dejan M. BoKovi?; Miroslav Krsti?

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ERCAN ATAM, LIONEL MATHELIN, LAURENT CORDIER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ERCAN ATAM, LIONEL MATHELIN, LAURENT CORDIER *CNRS- Mathelin-Cordier (LIMSI-CNRS,IP') Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ECCOMAS'12 1 / 21 #12;Outline 1 and some future work Atam- Mathelin-Cordier (LIMSI-CNRS,IP') Model Free Closed-Loop Flow Control ECCOMAS'12

Mathelin, Lionel

206

Development of a Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation System for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to facilitate control strategy development and performance test of hybrid electric vehicle, a hardware-in-the-loop simulation system is developed. The system is constructed with LabVIEW and PXI hardware. Hardware-in-the-loop simulation test ... Keywords: hybrid electric vehicle, hardware-in-the-loop simulation, fuel economy, exhaust emission

Yanyi Zhang, Zhenhua Jin, Haoduan Wang, Qingchun Lu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Ga-based passive loop optimization for magnetic field mitigation of transmission lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a systematic method to assist in the design of passive loops with the aim of mitigating the magnetic field generated by overhead transmission lines. The procedure is based on a two-dimensional (2D) modeling of the magnetic field, ... Keywords: Compensated loop, Genetic algorithm, Magnetic field, Mitigation, Passive loop, Reduction factor

Pedro Cruz; Jess M. Riquelme; Antonio de la Villa; Jos L. Martnez

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Microsoft Word - DOE Report on OSU Looping final.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 2007 December 2007 DOE/NETL-2008/1307 Independent Assessment of the Potential of Chemical-Looping in the Context of a Fischer-Tropsch Plant Chemical-Looping Process in a Coal-to-Liquids Configuration Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

209

NETL: Alstom's Chemical Looping Combustion Technology with CO2 Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxy-Combustion CO2 Emissions Control Oxy-Combustion CO2 Emissions Control Commercialization of the Iron Based Coal Direct Chemical Looping Process for Power Production with in situ CO2 Capture Project No.: DE-FE0009761 CDLC Process Concept CDLC Process Concept (click to enlarge) Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group (B&W) is developing the coal direct chemical looping (CDCL) process. The CDCL process consists of a unique moving bed reactor - the reducer - where pulverized coal is fully converted using iron-based oxygen carriers. The oxygen carrier is reduced from Fe2O3 to FeO/Fe and the flue gas is a concentrated stream of CO2 that is available for storage or beneficial use. The reduced FeO/Fe is oxidized to Fe2O3 using air in the combustor, liberating heat to produce steam for a

210

A loop group extension of the odd Chern character.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the universal odd Chern form, defined on the stable unitary group $U$, extends to the loop group $LU$ in a way that is closed with respect to an equivariant-type differential. This provides an odd analogue to the Bismut-Chern form. We also describe the associated transgression form, the so-called Bismut-Chern-Simons form, and explicate some properties it inherits as a differential form on the space of maps of a cylinder into the stable unitary group. As a corollary, we obtain the Chern character homomorphism from odd K-theory to the periodic cohomology of the free loop space, represented geometrically on the level of differential forms.

Scott O. Wilson

211

Scaling law for the heating of solar coronal loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report preliminary results from a series of numerical simulations of the reduced magnetohydrodynamic equations, used to describe the dynamics of magnetic loops in active regions of the solar corona. A stationary velocity field is applied at the photospheric boundaries to imitate the driving action of granule motions. A turbulent stationary regime is reached, characterized by a broadband power spectrum $E_k\\simeq k^{-3/2}$ and heating rate levels compatible with the heating requirements of active region loops. A dimensional analysis of the equations indicates that their solutions are determined by two dimensionless parameters: the Reynolds number and the ratio between the Alfven time and the photospheric turnover time. From a series of simulations for different values of this ratio, we determine how the heating rate scales with the physical parameters of the problem, which might be useful for an observational test of this model.

Pablo Dmitruk; Daniel Gomez

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

212

Magnetic and electric screening masses from Polyakov-loop correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Screening properties of the quark gluon plasma are studied from Polyakov-loop correlation in lattice QCD simulations with two flavors of improved Wilson quarks at temperatures $T/\\Tpc \\simeq 1$--4 where $\\Tpc$ is the pseudocritical temperature. Using the Euclidean-time reflection symmetry and the charge conjugation symmetry, we introduce various types of Polyakov-loop correlation functions and extract screening masses in magnetic and electric sectors. We find that the temperature dependence of the screening masses are well described by the weak coupling expansion. We also find that a ratio of the screening masses in the electric sector to the magnetic sector shows qualitative agreement with a prediction from the dimensionally-reduced effective field theory and the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at $1.3 < T/\\Tpc < 3$.

Y. Maezawa; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; K. Kanaya; N. Ukita; T. Umeda

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

213

Dynamical eigenfunctions and critical density in loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We offer a new, physically transparent argument for the existence of the critical, universal maximum matter density in loop quantum cosmology for the case of a flat Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker cosmology with scalar matter. The argument is based on the existence of a sharp exponential ultraviolet cutoff in momentum space on the eigenfunctions of the quantum cosmological dynamical evolution operator (the gravitational part of the Hamiltonian constraint), attributable to the fundamental discreteness of spatial volume in loop quantum cosmology. The existence of the cutoff is proved directly from recently found exact solutions for the eigenfunctions for this model. As a consequence, the operators corresponding to the momentum of the scalar field and the spatial volume approximately commute. The ultraviolet cutoff then implies that the scalar momentum, though not a bounded operator, is in effect bounded on subspaces of constant volume, leading to the upper bound on the expectation value of the matter densit...

Craig, David A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Transmission of energy by open-loop chemical energy pipeline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary objective of this program is to evaluate the technical feasibility and, in a preliminary fashion, the economic viability of transmitting and storing energy by an open-loop modification of the reversible chemical energy pipeline system known as EVA/ADAM. The work designed to achieve this objective includes: (1) the preliminary design of a nuclear (HTGR) and methane-based open-loop system; (2) evaluation of energy sources as alternatives to those in the preliminary design (e.g., coal gasification and HTGR/LNG); (3) assessment of the feasibility of using existing natural gas pipelines and storage systems for the synthesis gas; (4) assessment of existing methanation technologies and interchangeability of the SNG with natural gas; (5) evaluation of the various alternative energy end-uses for heat, SNG, and electricity; and (6) development of two conceptual designs and evaluation of their economics and environmental impacts.

Baker, N R

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Wilson loops in string duals of walking and flavored systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the vacuum expectation value of Wilson loop operators by studying the behavior of string probes in solutions of type-IIB string theory generated by N{sub c} D5-branes wrapped on an S{sup 2} internal manifold. In particular, we focus on solutions to the background equations that are dual to field theories with a walking gauge coupling as well as for flavored systems. We present in detail our walking solution and emphasize various general aspects of the procedure to study Wilson loops using string duals. We discuss the special features that the strings show when probing the region associated with the walking of the field-theory coupling.

Nunez, Carlos; Piai, Maurizio; Rago, Antonio [Swansea University, School of Physical Sciences, Singleton Park, Swansea, Wales (United Kingdom)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Circadian Rhythm, A Continuous Transcription-Translation Feedback Loop,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Circadian Rhythm, A Continuous Transcription-Translation Feedback Loop, Circadian Rhythm, A Continuous Transcription-Translation Feedback Loop, Contributes to Low-Dose Radiation-Induced Radioadaptive Response Aris Alexandrou University of California Davis Abstract The initiation of the circadian rhythm field occurred when the Takahashi group defined a mutation in the mouse gene “Clock” and cloned the circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (Clock) in the mid-1990’s (1-3). Currently more than a dozen clock genes have been identified (3-4). Disruptions in the circadian rhythm via changes in environmental conditions, such as, diet, temperature, and night/day hours lead to the pathogenesis of a multitude of diseases, such as, cancer, diabetes mellitus, neurological diseases, and sleep disorders. A disruption in the

217

Closed-loop air cooling system for a turbine engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are disclosed for providing a closed-loop air cooling system for a turbine engine. The method and apparatus provide for bleeding pressurized air from a gas turbine engine compressor for use in cooling the turbine components. The compressed air is cascaded through the various stages of the turbine. At each stage a portion of the compressed air is returned to the compressor where useful work is recovered.

North, William Edward (Winter Springs, FL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

3-d lattice SU(3) free energy to four loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the perturbative computation of the 3d lattice Yang-Mills free energy to four loops by means of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory. The known first and second orders have been correctly reproduced; the third and fourth order coefficients are new results and the known logarithmic IR divergence in the fourth order has been correctly identified. Progress is being made in switching to the gluon mass IR regularization and the related inclusion of the Faddeev-Popov determinant.

F. Di Renzo; A. Mantovi; V. Miccio; Y. Schroder; C. Torrero

2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

219

THERMAL HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS OF A GAS TEST LOOP SYSTEM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses thermal hydraulic calculations for a Gas Test Loop (GTL) system designed to provide a high intensity fast-flux irradiation environment for testing fuels and materials for advanced concept nuclear reactors. To assess the performance of candidate reactor fuels, these fuels must be irradiated under actual fast reactor flux conditions and operating environments, preferably in an existing irradiation facility [1]. Potential users of the GTL include the Generation IV Reactor Program, the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative and Space Nuclear Programs.

Donna Post Guillen; James E. Fisher

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Waveguide and loop coupling to fast MHD toroidal eigenmodes  

SciTech Connect

Heating of plasmas by wave techniques requires an effective method of coupling rf energy to the plasma. In cavities the presence of weakly damped eigenmodes will enhance the loading of antennas when the wave frequency equals an eigenmode frequency. This report considers two methods of coupling to fast MHD eigenmodes in a toroidal cavity: one is by a waveguide mounted perpendicular to the vacuum vessel wall; and the other by a loop placed within the cavity. (auth)

Paoloni, F.J.

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Quick Derivation of the Loop Equations for Random Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The "loop equations" of random matrix theory are a hierarchy of equations born of attempts to obtain explicit formulae for generating functions of map enumeration problems. These equations, originating in the physics of 2-dimensional quantum gravity, have lacked mathematical justification. The goal of this paper is to provide a complete and short proof, relying on a recently established complete asymptotic expansion for the random matrix theory partition function.

N. M. Ercolani; K. D. T-R McLaughlin

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

222

Integrated Framework toward a Closed Loop Measurement and Verification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Framework toward a Closed Loop Measurement and Verification Integrated Framework toward a Closed Loop Measurement and Verification Approach Title Integrated Framework toward a Closed Loop Measurement and Verification Approach Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2011 Authors Earni, Shankar, Philip Coleman, and Mark D. Sanders Conference Name ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry Volume 1 Pagination 68-79 Date Published 1/2011 Abstract This study reviews a sample set of measurement and verification (M&V) plans from federal ESPC projects to understand and assess the overall status of M&V practices. The review identifies some of the key issues that need to be addressed to improve the rigor and transparency of M&V practices. To mitigate some of the identified M&V issues, this work also reviews existing M&V protocols, guidelines and other pertinent literature to identify strategies that can augment traditional M&V approaches. The authors provide a framework to identify ways to integrate M&V and commissioning activities into the ESPC process, combining M&V activities and advanced meter data into a monitoring-based commissioning approach that reduces the uncertainty of savings while ensuring their persistence.

223

Duality relation between radiation thermodynamics and cosmic string loop thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

We discuss thermodynamics of electromagnetic radiation, with p=(1/3){rho} and S{proportional_to}T{sup 3}V, and of cosmic string loops, with p=-(1/3){rho} and S{proportional_to}T{sup -3}V, where p stands for pressure, T temperature, {rho} energy density, S entropy, and V volume. We write the thermodynamic formalisms under a common framework that illustrates their formal relationship and allows us to go from one to the other through a smooth transformation. From a microscopic perspective, these relations arise from the energy relations u({lambda})=hc/{lambda} for the photons of electromagnetic radiation, and u(l)=(c{sup 4}/a{sup 2}G)l for cosmic string loops, a being a numerical (dimensionless) constant and {lambda} and l the radiation wavelength and the length of a loop; G, c, and h are the gravitational constant, the speed of light in vacuo, and the Planck constant, respectively. The corresponding thermodynamic behaviors are seen to be connected through a related thermal duality corresponding to the change of T by T*=T{sub c}{sup 2}/T, with T{sub c} a reference temperature related to h, c, and G.

Jou, D. [Departament de Fisica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia (Spain); Mongiovi, M. S. [Dipartimento di Metodi e Modelli Matematici, Universita di Palermo, 90128 Palermo (Italy); Sciacca, M. [Dipartimento di Sistemi Agro-Ambientali, Universita di Palermo, 90128 Palermo (Italy)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Contrasting HIV phylogenetic relationships and V3 loop protein similarities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At least five distinct sequence subtypes of HIV-I can be identified from the major centers of the AMS pandemic. While it is too early to tell whether these subtypes are serologically or phenotypically similar or distinct in terms of properties such as pathogenicity and transmissibility, we can begin to investigate their potential for phenotypic divergence at the protein sequence level. Phylogenetic analysis of HIV DNA sequences is being widely used to examine lineages of different viral strains as they evolve and spread throughout the globe. We have identified five distinct HIV-1 subtypes (designated A-E), or clades, based on phylogenetic clustering patterns generated from genetic information from both the gag and envelope (env) genes from a spectrum of international isolates. Our initial observations concerning both HIV-1 and HIV-2 sequences indicate that conserved patterns in protein chemistry may indeed exist across distant lineages. Such patterns in V3 loop amino acid chemistry may be indicative of stable lineages or convergence within this highly variable, though functionally and immunologically critical, region. We think that there may be parallels between the apparently stable HIV-2 V3 lineage and the previously mentioned HIV-1 V3 loops which are very similar at the protein level despite being distant by cladistic analysis, and which do not possess the distinctive positively charged residues. Highly conserved V3 loop protein sequences are also encountered in SIVAGMs and CIVs (chimpanzee viral strains), which do not appear to be pathogenic in their wild-caught natural hosts.

Korber, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)]|[Santa Fe Inst., NM (United States); Myers, G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

Contrasting HIV phylogenetic relationships and V3 loop protein similarities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At least five distinct sequence subtypes of HIV-I can be identified from the major centers of the AMS pandemic. While it is too early to tell whether these subtypes are serologically or phenotypically similar or distinct in terms of properties such as pathogenicity and transmissibility, we can begin to investigate their potential for phenotypic divergence at the protein sequence level. Phylogenetic analysis of HIV DNA sequences is being widely used to examine lineages of different viral strains as they evolve and spread throughout the globe. We have identified five distinct HIV-1 subtypes (designated A-E), or clades, based on phylogenetic clustering patterns generated from genetic information from both the gag and envelope (env) genes from a spectrum of international isolates. Our initial observations concerning both HIV-1 and HIV-2 sequences indicate that conserved patterns in protein chemistry may indeed exist across distant lineages. Such patterns in V3 loop amino acid chemistry may be indicative of stable lineages or convergence within this highly variable, though functionally and immunologically critical, region. We think that there may be parallels between the apparently stable HIV-2 V3 lineage and the previously mentioned HIV-1 V3 loops which are very similar at the protein level despite being distant by cladistic analysis, and which do not possess the distinctive positively charged residues. Highly conserved V3 loop protein sequences are also encountered in SIVAGMs and CIVs (chimpanzee viral strains), which do not appear to be pathogenic in their wild-caught natural hosts.

Korber, B. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States) Santa Fe Inst., NM (United States)); Myers, G. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The temporal evolution of coronal loops observed by GOES-SXI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the temporal evolution of coronal loops using data from the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) on board of GOES-12. This instrument allows us to follow in detail the full lifetime of coronal loops. The observed light curves suggest three somewhat distinct evolutionary phases: rise, main, and decay. The durations and characteristic timescales of these phases are much longer than a cooling time and indicate that the loop-averaged heating rate increases slowly, reaches a maintenance level, and then decreases slowly. This suggests that a single heating mechanism operates for the entire lifetime of the loop. For monolithic loops, the loop-averaged heating rate is the intrinsic energy release rate of the heating mechanism. For loops that are bundles of impulsively heated strands, it is an indication of the frequency of occurrence of individual heating events, or nanoflares. We show that the timescale of the loop-averaged heating rate is proportional to the timescale of the observed intensity variation. The ratios of the radiative to conductive cooling times in the loops are somewhat less than 1, putting them intermediate between the values measured previously for hotter and cooler loops. Our results provide further support for the existence of a trend suggesting that all loops are heated by the same mechanism, or that different mechanisms have fundamental similarities (e.g., are all impulsive or are all steady with similar rates of heating).

M. C. Lopez Fuentes; J. A. Klimchuk; C. H. Mandrini

2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

227

SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heliostat System with Wireless Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload

228

Bailey County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4.0913057°, -102.8975098° 4.0913057°, -102.8975098° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.0913057,"lon":-102.8975098,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

229

1/15/12 1 MARK W. BAILEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consultant (March 2001­September 2004). Information Directorate, Air Force Research Lab, Rome, NY. Visiting Fellowship. National Research Council/United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Summer 2003 (1998­1999). PROFESSIONAL SERVICE Editor, ACM SIGPLAN Notices (2005­2011). Member (ex-officio), ACM

Bailey, Mark W.

230

Performance of a Treatment Loop for Recycling Spent Rinse Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes an evaluation of a treatment loop designed to upgrade the quality of spent rinse waters discharged from 10 wet benches located in the fab at Sandia's Microelectronics Development Laboratory (MDL). The goal of the treatment loop is to make these waters, presently being discharged to the fab's acid waste neutralization (AWN) station, suitable for recycling as feed water back into the fab's ultrapure water (UPW) plant. The MDL typically operates 2 shifts per day, 5 days per week. Without any treatment, the properties of the spent rinse waters now being collected have been shown to be compatible with recycling about 30% (50/168) of the time (weekends primarily, when the fab is idling) which corresponds to about 12% of the present water discharged from the fab to the AWN. The primary goal of adding a treatment loop is to increase the percentage of recyclable water from these 10 wet benches to near 100%, increasing the percentage of total recyclable water to near 40% of the total present fab discharge to the AWN. A second goal is to demonstrate compatibility with recycling this treated spent rinse water to the present R/O product water tank, reducing both the present volume of R/O reject water and the present load on the R/O. The approach taken to demonstrate achieving these goals is to compare all the common metrics of water quality for the treated spent rinse waters with those of the present R/O product water. Showing that the treated rinse water is equal or superior in quality to the water presently stored in the R/O tank by every metric all the time is assumed to be sufficient argument for proceeding with plans to incorporate recycling of these spent rinse waters back into MDL's R/O tank.

DONOVAN,ROBERT PATRICK; TIMON,ROBERT P.; DEBUSK,MICHAEL JOHN; JONES,RONALD V.; ROGERS,DARELL M.

2000-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

DOE/NETL ADVANCED COMBUSTION SYSTEMS: CHEMICAL LOOPING SUMMARY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMBUSTION SYSTEMS: CHEMICAL LOOPING SUMMARY JULY 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal li- ability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or useful- ness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommenda-

232

Closed loop air cooling system for combustion turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Convective cooling of turbine hot parts using a closed loop system is disclosed. Preferably, the present invention is applied to cooling the hot parts of combustion turbine power plants, and the cooling provided permits an increase in the inlet temperature and the concomitant benefits of increased efficiency and output. In preferred embodiments, methods and apparatus are disclosed wherein air is removed from the combustion turbine compressor and delivered to passages internal to one or more of a combustor and turbine hot parts. The air cools the combustor and turbine hot parts via convection and heat is transferred through the surfaces of the combustor and turbine hot parts.

Huber, David John (North Canton, OH); Briesch, Michael Scot (Orlando, FL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Quarterly report, January-March, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The general operations and accomplishments of the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility during the period from January 1, 1979 through March 31, 1979 are summarized. The construction and installation of a reactor clarifier/media filter system to treat the effluent brine continued. Startup is expected during the next reporting period. Operations of the facility evaluated the two stage flash cycle characteristics of brines from the second production well (Woolsey No. 1). The results were similar to the characteristics of the first production well (Magmamax No. 1) that were reported previously. The 1979 test program has been initiated and preliminary results documented.

Anastas, G.; Bischoff, W.S.; Bishop, H.K.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Closed loop air cooling system for combustion turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Convective cooling of turbine hot parts using a closed loop system is disclosed. Preferably, the present invention is applied to cooling the hot parts of combustion turbine power plants, and the cooling provided permits an increase in the inlet temperature and the concomitant benefits of increased efficiency and output. In preferred embodiments, methods and apparatus are disclosed wherein air is removed from the combustion turbine compressor and delivered to passages internal to one or more of a combustor and turbine hot parts. The air cools the combustor and turbine hot parts via convection and heat is transferred through the surfaces of the combustor and turbine hot parts. 1 fig.

Huber, D.J.; Briesch, M.S.

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

235

One Loop Effects in Various Dimensions and D-Branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate some one loop corrections to the effective action of theories in $d$ dimensions that arise on the dimensional reduction of a Weyl fermion in $D$ dimensions. The terms that we are interested in are of a topological nature. Special attention is given to the effective actions of the super Yang Mills theories that arise on dimensional reduction of the N=1 theory in six dimensions or on the dimensional reduction of the N=1 theory in ten dimensions. In the latter case we suggest an interpretation of the quantum effect as a coupling of the gauge field on the brane to a relative background gauge field.

Chaouki Boulahouache; George Thompson

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

236

Open-loop Band excitation Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multidimensional scanning probe microscopy approach for quantitative, cross-talk free mapping of surface electrostatic properties is demonstrated. Open-loop band excitation Kelvin probe force microscopy (OL BE KPFM) probes the full response-frequency-potential surface at each pixel at standard imaging rates. The subsequent analysis reconstructs work function, tip surface capacitance gradient and resonant frequency maps, obviating feedback-related artifacts. OL BE KPFM imaging is demonstrated for several materials systems with topographic, potential and combined contrast. This approach combines the features of both frequency and amplitude KPFM and allows complete decoupling of topographic and voltage contributions to the KPFM signal.

Guo, Senli [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Loop Quantum Theory Applied to Biology and Nonlinear Whole Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The loop quantum theory, which constitutes a very small discontinuous space, as new method is applied to biology. The model of protein folding and lungs is proposed. In the model, some known results are used, and four approximate conclusions are obtained: their structures are quantized, their space regions are finite, various singularities correspond to folding and crossed points, and different types of catastrophe exist. Further, based on the inseparability and correlativity of the biological systems, the nonlinear whole biology is proposed, and four basic hypotheses are formed. It may unify reductionism and holism, structuralism and functionalism. Finally, the medical meaning of the theory is discussed briefly.

Yi-Fang Chang

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

238

System having unmodulated flux locked loop for measuring magnetic fields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system (10) for measuring magnetic fields, wherein the system (10) comprises an unmodulated or direct-feedback flux locked loop (12) connected by first and second unbalanced RF coaxial transmission lines (16a, 16b) to a superconducting quantum interference device (14). The FLL (12) operates for the most part in a room-temperature or non-cryogenic environment, while the SQUID (14) operates in a cryogenic environment, with the first and second lines (16a, 16b) extending between these two operating environments.

Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Blue Springs, MO)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.

Clovis Jacinto de Matos

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Two-Loop Bethe Logarithms for Higher Excited S Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Processes mediated by two virtual low-energy photons contribute quite significantly to the energy of hydrogenic S states. The corresponding level shift is of the order of (alpha/pi)^2 (Zalpha)^6 m_e c^2 and may be ascribed to a two-loop generalization of the Bethe logarithm. For 1S and 2S states, the correction has recently been evaluated by Pachucki and Jentschura [Phys. Rev. Lett. vol. 91, 113005 (2003)]. Here, we generalize the approach to higher excited S states, which in contrast to the 1S and 2S states can decay to P states via the electric-dipole (E1) channel. The more complex structure of the excited-state wave functions and the necessity to subtract P-state poles lead to additional calculational problems. In addition to the calculation of the excited-state two-loop energy shift, we investigate the ambiguity in the energy level definition due to squared decay rates.

Ulrich D. Jentschura

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Supervisory control of a pilot-scale cooling loop  

SciTech Connect

We combine a previously developed strategy for Fault Detection and Identification (FDI) with a supervisory controller in closed loop. The combined method is applied to a model of a pilot-scale cooling loop of a nuclear plant, which includes Kalman filters and a model-based predictive controller as part of normal operation. The system has two valves available for flow control meaning that some redundancy is available. The FDI method is based on likelihood ratios for different fault scenarios which in turn are derived from the application of the Kalman filter. A previously introduced extension of the FDI method is used here to enable detection and identification of non-linear faults like stuck valve problems and proper accounting of the time of fault introduction. The supervisory control system is designed so to take different kinds of actions depending on the status of the fault diagnosis task and on the type of identified fault once diagnosis is complete. Some faults, like sensor bias and drift, are parametric in nature and can be adjusted without need for reconfiguration of the regulatory control system. Other faults, like a stuck valve problem, require reconfiguration of the regulatory control system. The whole strategy is demonstrated for several scenarios.

Kris Villez; Venkat Venkatasubramanian; Humberto Garcia

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

A New Multilevel Method for Electrostatic Problems through Hierarchical Loop Basis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new multilevel method for calculating Poisson's equation, which often arises form electrostatic problems, by using hierarchical loop bases. This method, termed hierarchical Loop basis Poisson Solver (hieLPS), extends previous Poisson solver through loop-tree basis to a multilevel mesh. In this method, Poisson's equation is solved by a two-step procedure: First, the electric flux is found by using loop-tree basis based on Helmholtz decomposition of field; Second, the potential distribution is solved rapidly with a fast solution of O(N) complexity. Among the solution procedures, finding the loop part of electric flux is the most critical part and dominates the computational effort. To expedite this part's convergent speed, we propose to use hierarchical loop bases to construct a multilevel system. As a result, the whole solution time has been noticeably reduced. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method.

Z. -H. Ma; W. C. Chew; Y. M. Wu; L. J. Jiang

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

OBSERVATIONS OF PLASMA UPFLOW IN A WARM LOOP WITH HINODE/EIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A complete understanding of Doppler shift in active region loops can help probe the basic physical mechanism involved into the heating of those loops. Here, we present observations of upflows in coronal loops detected in a range of temperatures (log T = 5.8-6.2). The loop was not discernible above these temperatures. The speed of upflow was strongest at the footpoint and decreased with height. The upflow speed at the footpoint was about 20 km s{sup -1} in Fe VIII, which decreased with temperature, being about 13 km s{sup -1} in Fe X, about 8 km s{sup -1} in Fe XII, and about 4 km s{sup -1} in Fe XIII. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first observation providing evidence of upflow of plasma in coronal loop structures at these temperatures. We interpret these observations as evidence of chromospheric evaporation in quasi-static coronal loops.

Tripathi, Durgesh [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Mason, Helen E.; Del Zanna, Giulio [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, Steven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

244

Advanced Control Technology Update: Multi-Loop Tuning and Model Predictive Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update provides information on two projects in the advanced control area. The first project is a study of control system tuning methods for multiple interacting proportional-integral-derivative PID control loops. The traditional method for tuning such systems, common on power plant boiler control systems, is to tune each loop in a specified sequence. An alternative method, in which all loops are tuned simultaneously, is being developed in this study and will be compared to the traditional ...

2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

245

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management - Combining Fluid Loops in Electric Drive Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have increased vehicle thermal management complexity, using separate coolant loop for advanced power electronics and electric motors. Additional thermal components result in higher costs. Multiple cooling loops lead to reduced range due to increased weight. Energy is required to meet thermal requirements. This presentation for the 2013 Annual Merit Review discusses integrated vehicle thermal management by combining fluid loops in electric drive vehicles.

Rugh, J. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Scaling of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain Components for Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hardware in the loop (HIL) simulation enables experimental study of prototype hardware systems or control algorithms via real-time interaction between physical hardware and virtual simulations. (more)

Petersheim, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Conceptual Design for a High-Temperature Gas Loop Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

This report documents an early-stage conceptual design for a high-temperature gas test loop. The objectives accomplished by the study include, (1) investigation of existing gas test loops to determine ther capabilities and how the proposed system might best complement them, (2) development of a preliminary test plan to help identify the performance characteristics required of the test unit, (3) development of test loop requirements, (4) development of a conceptual design including process flow sheet, mechanical layout, and equipment specifications and costs, and (5) development of a preliminary test loop safety plan.

James B. Kesseli

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

OPTIMIZED CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR A TYPICAL WATER LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water Loop Heat Pump (WLHP) System has been widely utilized in the Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) industry for several decades. There is no (more)

Lian, Xu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A steady state analysis code for prediction of behavior in loop heat pipes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this work is to prepare an analysis raphics. code for the prediction of Loop Heat Pipe (LHP) behavior in steady-state operation. The (more)

Hamm, Trenton Allen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Three loop MSbar transversity operator anomalous dimensions for fixed moment n <= 8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the anomalous dimensions of the transversity operator at three loops in the MSbar scheme for fixed moment n where n n <= 7.

J. A. Gracey

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

251

Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Technology Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Gasification Technologies contacts Gary J. stiegel Gasification Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-4499 gary.stiegel@netl.doe.gov Ronald Breault Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-4486 ronald.breault@netl.doe.gov Herbert E. andrus, Jr. Principal Investigator ALSTOM Power 2000 Day Hill Rd. Windsor, CT 06095 860-285-4770 herbert.e.andrus@power.alstom.com Hybrid Combustion-GasifiCation CHemiCal loopinG Coal power teCHnoloGy development Description Gasification technologies can provide a stable, affordable energy supply for the nation, while also providing high efficiencies and near zero pollutants. With coal

252

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Quarterly report, April-June 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility (GLEF) start-up in May, 1976, a substantial amount of information has been obtained on the operation of the plant and its components, brine and steam composition, production and injection wells, and the potential of the Niland Reservoir. The GLEF was modified in April, 1978, from a four stage flash/binary process to a two stage flash cycle for the extraction of energy from a high temperature, high salinity, liquid-dominated resource. A Reactor Clarifier/Media Filter System was put in operation in May, 1979 to demonstrate that suspended solids in the brine could be removed prior to brine injection into the reservoir. The general operations and accomplishments of the GLEF during the period are summarized.

Anastas, G.; Bischoff, W.S.; Bishop, H.K.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Quarterly report, January--March 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility (GLEF) utilizes a four stage flash/binary process for the extraction of energy from a high temperature, high salinity, liquid-dominated resource. Since plant start-up in May 1976, a substantial amount of information has been obtained on the operation of the plant, components, brine and steam composition, production and injection wells, and the potential of the Niland Reservoir. The general operation and activities of the GLEF during the period January 1978 through March 1978, are discussed. The production and injection well encountered no unusual difficulties. Scrubber performance tests were rerun this period and are discussed. Steam pH, conductivity, chemical composition, brine and scale properties, pigging, and component optimization efforts are discussed. The injection pump difficulties and condenser plugging problems are detailed. The feasibility study for a 50 MWe plant and H/sub 2/S abatement are discussed.

Bischoff, W.S.; Bishop, H.K.; Cooney, C.S.; Hanenburg, W.H.; Hoaglin, G.J.; Jacobson, W.O.; Mulliner, D.K.; Newell, D.G.; Swanson, C.R.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS INVOLVING CHEMICAL LOOPING COMBUSTION  

SciTech Connect

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) system using coal gasification is an important approach for future energy options. This work focuses on understading the system operation and optimizing it in the presence of uncertain operating conditions using ASPEN Plus and CAPE-OPEN compliant stochastic simulation and multiobjective optimization capabilities developed by Vishwamitra Research Institute. The feasible operating surface for the IGCC system is generated and deterministic multiobjective optimization is performed. Since the feasible operating space is highly non-convex, heuristics based techniques that do not require gradient information are used to generate the Pareto surface. Accurate CFD models are simultaneously developed for the gasifier and chemical looping combustion system to characterize and quantify the process uncertainty in the ASPEN model.

Juan M. Salazar; Urmila M. Diwekar; Stephen E. Zitney

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Minimally doubled fermions at one-loop level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single fermionic degrees of freedom together with standard chiral symmetry at finite lattice spacing, correct continuum limit and local interactions only are precluded by the Nielsen-Ninomiya no-go theorem. The class of minimally doubled fermion actions exhibits exactly two chiral modes. Recent interest in these actions has been sparked by the investigation of fermionic actions defined on "hyperdiamond" lattices. Due to the necessity of breaking hypercubic symmetry explicitly, radiative corrections generate operator mixings with relevant and marginal operators that should vanish in continuum QCD. These cannot be avoided and must be taken into account in particular by a peculiar wave-function renormalisation and additive momentum renormalisation. Renormalisation properties at one-loop level of the self-energy, local bilinears and conserved vector and axial-vector currents are presented for Borici-Creutz and Karsten-Wilczek actions. Distinct differences and similarities between both actions are elucidated.

Capitani, Stefano; Wittig, Hartmut

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Quarterly report, October-December 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility (GLEF) was modified in April 1978 from a four stage flash/binary process to a two stage cycle for the extraction of energy from a high temperature, high salinity, liquid-dominated resource. The overhaul and cleaning during October and pigging problems which led to a limited shutdown in December are discussed. Reservoir assessment, including production and injection wells, are discussed. Results of tests that were accomplished are included. Laboratory data obtained for steam, brine, binary and cooling water, and scale are indicated. Any equipment that required repairs or modifications to equipment and the clarifier/media filter are discussed. The status of the feasibility and surge studies is covered. (MHR)

Anastas, G.; Bischoff, W.S.; Bishop, H.K.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

On the Semiclassical Limit of Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a k=0 Friedman-Robertson-Walker (FRW) model within loop quantum cosmology (LQC) and explore the issue of its semiclassical limit. The model is exactly solvable and allows us to construct analytical (Gaussian) coherent-state solutions for each point on the space of classical states. We propose physical criteria that select from these coherent states, those that display semiclassical behavior, and study their properties in the deep Planck regime. Furthermore, we consider generalized squeezed states and compare them to the Gaussian states. The issue of semiclassicality preservation across the bounce is studied and shown to be generic for all the states considered. Finally, we comment on some implications these results have, depending on the topology of the spatial slice. In particular we consider the issue of the recovery, within our class of states, of a scaling symmetry present in the classical description of the system when the spatial topology is non-compact.

Alejandro Corichi; Edison Montoya

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

258

Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Quarterly report, April--June 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility (GLEF) was modified to use a two stage flash process with two parallel flash trains for the extraction of energy from a high temperature, high salinity, liquid-dominated resource. Since plant start-up in May 1976, a substantial amount of information has been obtained on the operation of the plant, components, brine and steam composition, production and injection wells, and the potential of the Niland Reservoir. The general operation and accomplishments of the GLEF during the period April 1978 through June 1978 are discussed. The GLEF underwent a major redesign. Modifications and inspections of various GLEF equipment and systems are also discussed. Information about the production and injection wells flow testing and instrumentation are discussed. Information regarding coatings and linings for valves and piping is included. In the Chemistry Section there is a wide range of data taken from Brine, Steam, Scale, Binary, Condensate, and Cooling Water Systems.

Bischoff, W.S.; Bishop, H.K.; Cooney, C.S.; Hanenburg, W.H.; Hoaglin, G.J.; Jacobson, W.O.; Mulliner, D.K.; Newell, D.G.; Swanson, C.R.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Study of Transients in an Enrichment Closed Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present thesis a mathematic model is presented in order to describe the dynamic behavior inside a closed enrichment loop, the latter representing a single stage of an uranium gaseous diffusion enrichment cascade.The analytical model is turned into a numerical model, and implemented through a computational code.For the verification of the model, measurements were taken in an experimental circuit using air as the process fluid.This circuit was instrumented so as to register its characteristic thermohydraulic variables.The measured transients were simulated, comparing the numerical results with the experimental measurements.A good agreement between the characteristic setting times and the thermohydraulic parameters evolution was observed.Besides, other transients of two species separation were numerically analyzed, including setting times of each magnitude, behavior of each one of them during different transients, and redistribution of concentrations.

Fernandino, M

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Hanford Tank Farms Waste Certification Flow Loop Test Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A future requirement of Hanford Tank Farm operations will involve transfer of wastes from double shell tanks to the Waste Treatment Plant. As the U.S. Department of Energy contractor for Tank Farm Operations, Washington River Protection Solutions anticipates the need to certify that waste transfers comply with contractual requirements. This test plan describes the approach for evaluating several instruments that have potential to detect the onset of flow stratification and critical suspension velocity. The testing will be conducted in an existing pipe loop in Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys facility that is being modified to accommodate the testing of instruments over a range of simulated waste properties and flow conditions. The testing phases, test matrix and types of simulants needed and the range of testing conditions required to evaluate the instruments are described

Bamberger, Judith A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Scott, Paul A.; Adkins, Harold E.; Wells, Beric E.; Blanchard, Jeremy; Denslow, Kayte M.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Radiation Tolerant Phase Locked Loop Design for Digital Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With decreasing feature sizes, lowered supply voltages and increasing operating frequencies, the radiation tolerance of digital circuits is becoming an increasingly important problem. Many radiation hardening techniques have been presented in the literature for combinational as well as sequential logic. However, the radiation tolerance of clock generation circuitry has received scant attention to date. Recently, it has been shown that in the deep submicron regime, the clock network contributes significantly to the chip level Soft Error Rate (SER). The on-chip Phase Locked Loop (PLL) is particularly vulnerable to radiation strikes. In this thesis, we present a radiation hardened PLL design. Each of the components of this design-the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), the phase frequency detector (PFD) and the charge pump/loop filter-are designed in a radiation tolerant manner. Whenever possible, the circuit elements used in our PLL exploit the fact that if a gate is implemented using only PMOS (NMOS) transistors then a radiation particle strike can result only in a logic 0 to 1 (1 to 0) flip. By separating the PMOS and NMOS devices, and splitting the gate output into two signals, extreme high levels of radiation tolerance are obtained. Our design uses two VCOs (with cross-coupled inverters) and charge pumps, so that a strike on any one is compensated by the other. Our PLL is tested for radiation immunity for critical charge values up to 250fC. Our SPICE-based results demonstrate that after exhaustively striking all circuit nodes, the worst case jitter of our hardened PLL is just 37.4 percent. In the worst case, our PLL returns to the locked state in 2 cycles of the VCO clock, after a radiation strike. These numbers are significant improvements over those of the best previously reported approaches.

Kumar, Rajesh

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determined from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.

Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Design and Fabrication of a Vertical Pump Multiphase Flow Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new centrifugal pump has been devised to handle two-phase flow. However, it requires full scale testing to allow further development. Testing is required to verify performance and to gain information needed to apply this design in the field. Further, testing will allow mathematical models to be validated which will allow increased understanding of the pump's behavior. To perform this testing, a new facility was designed and constructed. This facility consists of a closed flow loop. The pump is supplied by separate air and water inlet flows that mix just before entering the pump. These flows can be controlled to give a desired gas volume fraction and overall flow rate. The pump outlet flows into a tank which separates the fluids allowing them to re-circulate. Operating inlet pressures of up to three hundred PSIG will be used with a flow rate of twelve hundred gallons per minute. A two-hundred fifty horsepower electric motor is used to power the pump. The loop is equipped with instrumentation to measure temperature, pressure, flow rate, pump speed, pump shaft horsepower, shaft torque, and shaft axial load. The pump itself has a clear inlet section and a clear section allowing visualization of the second stage volute interior as well as numerous pressure taps along the second stage volute. This instrumentation is sufficient to completely characterize the pump. Design and construction details are provided as well as a history of the initial operating experiences and data collected. A discussion of lessons learned is given in the conclusions. Future projects intended to use this facility are also given. Finally, detailed design drawings are supplied as well as operating instructions and checklists.

Kirkland, Klayton 1965-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Chemical Looping Reforming for H2, CO and Syngas Production  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that the extension of CLC onto oxidants beyond air opens new, highly efficient pathways for production of ultra-pure hydrogen, activation of CO{sub 2} via reduction to CO, and are currently working on production of syngas using nanocomposite Fe-BHA. CLR hold great potential due to fuel flexibility and CO{sub 2} capture. Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is a novel clean combustion technology which offers an elegant and highly efficient route for fossil fuel combustion. In CLC, combustion of a fuel is broken down into two spatially separated steps. In the reducer, the oxygen carrier (typically a metal) supplies the stoichiometric oxygen required for fuel combustion. In the oxidizer, the oxygen-depleted carrier is then re-oxidized with air. After condensation of steam from the effluent of the reducer, a high-pressure, high-purity sequestration-ready CO{sub 2} stream is obtained. In the present study, we apply the CLC principle to the production of high-purity H{sub 2}, CO, and syngas streams by replacing air with steam and/or CO{sub 2} as oxidant, respectively. Using H{sub 2}O as oxidant, pure hydrogen streams can be obtained. Similarly, using CO{sub 2} as oxidant, CO is obtained, thus opening an efficient route for CO{sub 2} utilization. Using steam and CO{sub 2} mixtures for carrier oxidation should thus allow production of syngas with adjustable CO:H{sub 2} ratios. Overall, these processes result in Chemical Looping Reforming (CLR), i.e. the net overall reaction is the steam and/or dry reforming of the respective fuel.

Bhavsar,Saurabh; Najera,Michelle; Solunke,Rahul; Veser,Gtz

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

265

Development of Computational Approaches for Simulation and Advanced Controls for Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Approaches Computational Approaches for Simulation and Advanced Controls for Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Background The United States Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) develops affordable and clean energy from coal and other fossil fuels to secure a sustainable energy economy. To further this mission, NETL funds research and development of advanced control technologies, including chemical looping (CL)

266

Loop transformations in the ahead-of-time optimization of java bytecode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Loop optimizations such as loop unrolling, unfolding and invariant code motion have long been used in a wide variety of compilers to improve the running time of applications. In this paper we present a series of experimental results detailing the effect ...

Simon Hammond; David Lacey

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A time management optimization framework for large-scale distributed hardware-in-the-loop simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale distributed HIL(Hardware-In-The-Loop) simulation is an important and indispensable method for testing and verifying complex engineering systems. An important necessary condition for realizing HIL simulation is that the speedup ratio of full-speed ... Keywords: hardware-in-the-loop simulation, large-scale distributed simulation, optimization framework, speedup ratio of simulation, time management

Wei Dong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Profitable loop fusion and tiling using model-driven empirical search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Loop fusion and tiling are both recognized as effective transformations for improving memory performance of scientific applications. However, because of their sensitivity to the underlying cache architecture and their interaction with each other it is ... Keywords: empirical tuning, loop fusion, memory hierarchy, tiling

Apan Qasem; Ken Kennedy

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A possibilistic approach to the modeling and resolution of uncertain closed-loop logistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Closed-loop logistics planning is an important tactic for the achievement of sustainable development. However, the correlation among the demand, recovery, and landfilling makes the estimation of their rates uncertain and difficult. Although the fuzzy ... Keywords: Closed-loop logistics, Fuzzy number, Genetic algorithms, Possibilistic mean, Shortage and surplus

Hsiao-Fan Wang; Hsin-Wei Hsu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Scaling of hybrid-electric vehicle powertrain components for Hardware-in-the-loop simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling of hybrid-electric vehicle powertrain components for Hardware-in-the-loop simulation: Hardware-in-the-loop Hybrid electric vehicle Buckingham Pi Theorem Battery model a b s t r a c t Hardware between the highly coupled subsystems typically found in an electric or hybrid-electric vehicle

Brennan, Sean

271

Fuzzy incremental control algorithm of loop heat pipe cooling system for spacecraft applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable and high precision thermal control technologies are essential for the safe flight of advanced spacecraft. A fuzzy incremental control strategy is proposed for control of an LHP space cooling system comprising a loop heat pipe and a variable ... Keywords: Fuzzy incremental control, Loop heat pipe, Modeling and simulation, Space cooling system

Su-Jun Dong; Yun-Ze Li; Jin Wang; Jun Wang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The economics of hybrid manufacturing systems in a closed-loop supply chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the economics of a closed-loop supply chain and the decision-making in a hybrid manufacturing system. We develop analytic models and quantify the potential profits gain generated by such a hybrid system that collects, remanufactures, ... Keywords: Closed-loop supply chain, Competition, Newsvendor, Remanufacturing, Reverse logistics

Jen-Ming Chen; Chia-I Chang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Energy-Aware Loop Parallelism Maximization for Multi-core DSP Architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advance of semiconductor, multi-core architecture is inevitable in today's embedded system design. Nested loops are usually the most critical part in multimedia and high performance DSP (Digital Signal Processing) systems. Hence, maximizing ... Keywords: Energy, multi-core, loop parallelization, retiming, voltage assignment

Meikang Qiu; Jian-Wei Niu; Laurence T. Yang; Xiao Qin; Senlin Zhang; Bin Wang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

CURRENT STATUS OF INSTRUMENTATION FOR A FLUORIDE SALT HEAT TRANSPORT DEMONSTRATION LOOP  

SciTech Connect

A small forced convection liquid fluoride salt loop is under construction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to examine the heat transfer behavior of FLiNaK in a heated pebble bed. Loop operation serves several purposes: (1) reestablishing the infrastructure necessary for fluoride salt loop testing, (2) demonstrating a wireless heating technique for simulating pebble type fuel, (3) demonstration of the integration of silicon carbide (SiC) and metallic components into a liquid salt loop, and (4) demonstration of the functionality of distinctive instrumentation required for liquid fluoride salts. Loop operation requires measurement of a broad set of process variables including temperature, flow, pressure, and level. Coolant chemistry measurements (as a corrosion indicator) and component health monitoring are also important for longer-term operation. Two dominating factors in sensor and instrument selection are the high operating temperature of the salt and its chemical environment.

Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Stability and bifurcation of a soap film spanning an elastic loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Euler--Plateau problem, proposed by \\cite{gm}, concerns a soap film spanning a flexible loop. The shapes of the film and the loop are determined by the interactions between the two components. In the present work, the Euler--Plateau problem is reformulated to yield a boundary-value problem for a vector field that parameterizes both the spanning surface and the bounding loop. Using the first and second variations of the relevant free-energy functional, detailed bifurcation and stability analyses are performed. For spanning surface with energy density $\\sigma$ and a bounding loop with length $2\\pi R$ and bending rigidity $a$, the first bifurcation, during which the spanning surface remains flat but the bounding loop becomes noncircular, occurs at $\\sigma R^3/a=3$, confirming a result obtained previously via an energy comparison. Other bifurcation solution branches, including those emanating from the flat circular solution branch to nonplanar solution branches, are also shown to be unstable.

Yi-chao Chen; Eliot Fried

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

276

OBSERVATIONS OF RECONNECTING FLARE LOOPS WITH THE ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps the most compelling evidence for the role of magnetic reconnection in solar flares comes from the supra-arcade downflows that have been observed above many post-flare loop arcades. These downflows are thought to be related to highly non-potential field lines that have reconnected and are propagating away from the current sheet. We present new observations of supra-arcade downflows taken with the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The morphology and dynamics of the downflows observed with AIA provide new evidence for the role of magnetic reconnection in solar flares. With these new observations we are able to measure downflows originating at larger heights than in previous studies. We find, however, that the initial velocities measured here ({approx}144 km s{sup -1}) are well below the Alfven speed expected in the lower corona, and consistent with previous results. We also find no evidence that the downflows brighten with time, as would be expected from chromospheric evaporation. These observations suggest that simple two-dimensional models cannot explain the detailed observations of solar flares.

Warren, Harry P.; Sheeley, Neil R. Jr. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); O'Brien, Casey M. [Also at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Loop Quantum Cosmology in Bianchi Type I Models: Analytical Investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The comprehensive formulation for loop quantum cosmology in the spatially flat, isotropic model was recently constructed. In this paper, the methods are extended to the anisotropic Bianchi I cosmology. Both the precursor and the improved strategies are applied and the expected results are established: (i) the scalar field again serves as an internal clock and is treated as emergent time; (ii) the total Hamiltonian constraint is derived by imposing the fundamental discreteness and gives the evolution as a difference equation; and (iii) the physical Hilbert space, Dirac observables and semi-classical states are constructed rigorously. It is also shown that the state in the kinematical Hilbert space associated with the classical singularity is decoupled in the difference evolution equation, indicating that the big bounce may take place when any of the area scales undergoes the vanishing behavior. The investigation affirms the robustness of the framework used in the isotropic model by enlarging its domain of validity and provides foundations to conduct the detailed numerical analysis.

Dah-Wei Chiou

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

278

Oriented Matroids -- Combinatorial Structures Underlying Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze combinatorial structures which play a central role in determining spectral properties of the volume operator in loop quantum gravity (LQG). These structures encode geometrical information of the embedding of arbitrary valence vertices of a graph in 3-dimensional Riemannian space, and can be represented by sign strings containing relative orientations of embedded edges. We demonstrate that these signature factors are a special representation of the general mathematical concept of an oriented matroid. Moreover, we show that oriented matroids can also be used to describe the topology (connectedness) of directed graphs. Hence the mathematical methods developed for oriented matroids can be applied to the difficult combinatorics of embedded graphs underlying the construction of LQG. As a first application we revisit the analysis of [4-5], and find that enumeration of all possible sign configurations used there is equivalent to enumerating all realizable oriented matroids of rank 3, and thus can be greatly simplified. We find that for 7-valent vertices having no coplanar triples of edge tangents, the smallest non-zero eigenvalue of the volume spectrum does not grow as one increases the maximum spin $\\jmax$ at the vertex, for any orientation of the edge tangents. This indicates that, in contrast to the area operator, considering large $\\jmax$ does not necessarily imply large volume eigenvalues. In addition we give an outlook to possible starting points for rewriting the combinatorics of LQG in terms of oriented matroids.

Johannes Brunnemann; David Rideout

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

279

Chimera: A hybrid approach to numerical loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of a quantum bounce in isotropic spacetimes is a key result in loop quantum cosmology (LQC), which has been demonstrated to arise in all the models studied so far. In most of the models, the bounce has been studied using numerical simulations involving states which are sharply peaked and which bounce at volumes much larger than the Planck volume. An important issue is to confirm the existence of the bounce for states which have a wide spread, or which bounce closer to the Planck volume. Numerical simulations with such states demand large computational domains, making them very expensive and practically infeasible with the techniques which have been implemented so far. To overcome these difficulties, we present an efficient hybrid numerical scheme using the property that at the small spacetime curvature, the quantum Hamiltonian constraint in LQC, which is a difference equation with uniform discretization in volume, can be approximated by a Wheeler-DeWitt differential equation. By carefully choosing a hybrid spatial grid allowing the use of partial differential equations at large volumes, and with a simple change of geometrical coordinate, we obtain a surprising reduction in the computational cost. This scheme enables us to explore regimes which were so far unachievable for the isotropic model in LQC. Our approach also promises to significantly reduce the computational cost for numerical simulations in anisotropic LQC using high performance computing.

Peter Diener; Brajesh Gupt; Parampreet Singh

2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Polyakov loop and the hadron resonance gas model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Polyakov loop has been used repeatedly as an order parameter in the deconfinement phase transition in QCD. We argue that, in the confined phase, its expectation value can be represented in terms of hadronic states, similarly to the hadron resonance gas model for the pressure. Specifically, L(T) \\approx 1/2\\sum_\\alpha g_\\alpha e^(-\\Delta_\\alpha/T), where g_\\alpha are the degeneracies and \\Delta_\\alpha are the masses of hadrons with exactly one heavy quark (the mass of the heavy quark itself being subtracted). We show that this approximate sum rule gives a fair description of available lattice data with N_f=2+1 at low temperatures by using the spectrum of hadrons containing one charmed quark, and the \\bar{MS}-scheme charmed quark mass. A direct fit to this latter quantity yields a close value, m_c=1280_{-44}^{+29}MeV. The lattice data are well reproduced by a simplified version of this formula, L(T)= N_f(2N_f+3)e^(-\\Delta/T), for T < 200 MeV and Delta=913(2)MeV. We argue that this number should be Delta ...

Megias, E; Salcedo, L L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

MODEL FOR ALFVEN WAVE TURBULENCE IN SOLAR CORONAL LOOPS: HEATING RATE PROFILES AND TEMPERATURE FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been suggested that the solar corona may be heated by dissipation of Alfven waves that propagate up from the solar photosphere. According to this theory, counterpropagating Alfven waves are subject to nonlinear interactions that lead to turbulent decay of the waves and heating of the chromospheric and coronal plasma. To test this theory, better models for the dynamics of Alfven waves in coronal loops are required. In this paper, we consider wave heating in an active region observed with the Solar Dynamics Observatory in 2010 May. First a three-dimensional (3D) magnetic model of the region is constructed, and ten magnetic field lines that match observed coronal loops are selected. For each loop we construct a 3D magnetohydrodynamic model of the Alfven waves near the selected field line. The waves are assumed to be generated by footpoint motions inside the kilogauss magnetic flux elements at the two ends of the loop. Based on such models, we predict the spatial and temporal profiles of the heating along the selected loops. We also estimate the temperature fluctuations resulting from such heating. We find that the Alfven wave turbulence model can reproduce the observed characteristics of the hotter loops in the active region core, but the loops at the periphery of the region have large expansion factors and are predicted to be thermally unstable.

Asgari-Targhi, M.; Van Ballegooijen, A. A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street MS-15, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Phenylnaphthalene Derivatives as Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating Solar Power: Loop Experiments and Final Report  

SciTech Connect

ORNL and subcontractor Cool Energy completed an investigation of higher-temperature, organic thermal fluids for solar thermal applications. Although static thermal tests showed promising results for 1-phenylnaphthalene, loop testing at temperatures to 450 C showed that the material isomerized at a slow rate. In a loop with a temperature high enough to drive the isomerization, the higher melting point byproducts tended to condense onto cooler surfaces. So, as experienced in loop operation, eventually the internal channels of cooler components such as the waste heat rejection exchanger may become coated or clogged and loop performance will decrease. Thus, pure 1-phenylnaphthalene does not appear to be a fluid that would have a sufficiently long lifetime (years to decades) to be used in a loop at the increased temperatures of interest. Hence a decision was made not to test the ORNL fluid in the loop at Cool Energy Inc. Instead, Cool Energy tested and modeled power conversion from a moderate-temperature solar loop using coupled Stirling engines. Cool Energy analyzed data collected on third and fourth generation SolarHeart Stirling engines operating on a rooftop solar field with a lower temperature (Marlotherm) heat transfer fluid. The operating efficiencies of the Stirling engines were determined at multiple, typical solar conditions, based on data from actual cycle operation. Results highlighted the advantages of inherent thermal energy storage in the power conversion system.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Bell, Jason R [ORNL; Felde, David K [ORNL; Joseph III, Robert Anthony [ORNL; Qualls, A L [ORNL; Weaver, Samuel P [ORNL

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

DETECTING NANOFLARE HEATING EVENTS IN SUBARCSECOND INTER-MOSS LOOPS USING Hi-C  

SciTech Connect

The High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) flew aboard a NASA sounding rocket on 2012 July 11 and captured roughly 345 s of high-spatial and temporal resolution images of the solar corona in a narrowband 193 A channel. In this paper, we analyze a set of rapidly evolving loops that appear in an inter-moss region. We select six loops that both appear in and fade out of the Hi-C images during the short flight. From the Hi-C data, we determine the size and lifetimes of the loops and characterize whether these loops appear simultaneously along their length or first appear at one footpoint before appearing at the other. Using co-aligned, co-temporal data from multiple channels of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we determine the temperature and density of the loops. We find the loops consist of cool ({approx}10{sup 5} K), dense ({approx}10{sup 10} cm{sup -3}) plasma. Their required thermal energy and their observed evolution suggest they result from impulsive heating similar in magnitude to nanoflares. Comparisons with advanced numerical simulations indicate that such dense, cold and short-lived loops are a natural consequence of impulsive magnetic energy release by reconnection of braided magnetic field at low heights in the solar atmosphere.

Winebarger, Amy R.; Moore, Ronald; Cirtain, Jonathan [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Walsh, Robert W. [University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); De Pontieu, Bart; Title, Alan [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover St., Org. A0215, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Hansteen, Viggo [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Weber, Mark [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kobayashi, Ken [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Dr, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); DeForest, Craig [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Kuzin, Sergey, E-mail: amy.r.winebarger@nasa.gov [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt 53 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Corrosion of type 316L stainless steel in a mercury thermal convection loop  

SciTech Connect

Two thermal convection loops fabricated from 316L stainless steel containing mercury (Hg) and Hg with 1000 wppm gallium (Ga), respectively, were operated continuously for about 5000 h. In each case, the maximum loop temperature was constant at about 305 degrees C and the minimum temperature was constant at about 242 degrees C. Coupons in the hot leg of the Hg-loop developed a posous surface layer substantially depleted of nickel and chromium, which resulted in a transformation to ferrite. The coupon exposed at the top of the hot leg in the Hg-loop experienced the maximum degradation, exhibiting a surface layer extending an average of 9-10 mu m after almost 5000 h. Analysis of the corrosion rate data as a function of temperature (position) in the Hg-loop suggests wetting by the mer cury occurred only above about 255 degrees C and that the rate limiting step in the corrosion process above 255 degrees C is solute diffusion through the saturated liquid boundary layer adjacent to the corroding surface. The latter factor suggests that the corrosion of 316L stainless steel in a mercury loop may be velocity dependent. No wetting and no corrosion were observed on the coupons and wall specimens removed from the Hg/Ga loop after 5000 h of operation.

DiStefano, J.R.; Manneschmidt, E.T.; Pawel, S.J.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF TWO FLARE LOOPS OBSERVED BY AIA AND EIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze and model an M1.0 flare observed by SDO/AIA and Hinode/EIS to investigate how flare loops are heated and evolve subsequently. The flare is composed of two distinctive loop systems observed in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) images. The UV 1600 A emission at the feet of these loops exhibits a rapid rise, followed by enhanced emission in different EUV channels observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). Such behavior is indicative of impulsive energy deposit and the subsequent response in overlying coronal loops that evolve through different temperatures. Using the method we recently developed, we infer empirical heating functions from the rapid rise of the UV light curves for the two loop systems, respectively, treating them as two big loops with cross-sectional area of 5'' by 5'', and compute the plasma evolution in the loops using the EBTEL model. We compute the synthetic EUV light curves, which, with the limitation of the model, reasonably agree with observed light curves obtained in multiple AIA channels and EIS lines: they show the same evolution trend and their magnitudes are comparable by within a factor of two. Furthermore, we also compare the computed mean enthalpy flow velocity with the Doppler shift measurements by EIS during the decay phase of the two loops. Our results suggest that the two different loops with different heating functions as inferred from their footpoint UV emission, combined with their different lengths as measured from imaging observations, give rise to different coronal plasma evolution patterns captured both in the model and in observations.

Li, Y.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Qiu, J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

286

Similarities and Differences between Coronal Holes and the Quiet Sun: Are Loop Statistics the Key?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coronal holes (CH) emit significantly less at coronal temperatures than quiet-Sun regions (QS), but can hardly be distinguished in most chromospheric and lower transition region lines. A key quantity for the understanding of this phenomenon is the magnetic field. We use data from SOHO/MDI to reconstruct the magnetic field in coronal holes and the quiet Sun with the help of a potential magnetic model. Starting from a regular grid on the solar surface we then trace field lines, which provide the overall geometry of the 3D magnetic field structure. We distinguish between open and closed field lines, with the closed field lines being assumed to represent magnetic loops. We then try to compute some properties of coronal loops. The loops in the coronal holes (CH) are found to be on average flatter than in the QS. High and long closed loops are extremely rare, whereas short and low-lying loops are almost as abundant in coronal holes as in the quiet Sun. When interpreted in the light of loop scaling laws this result suggests an explanation for the relatively strong chromospheric and transition region emission (many low-lying, short loops), but the weak coronal emission (few high and long loops) in coronal holes. In spite of this contrast our calculations also suggest that a significant fraction of the cool emission in CHs comes from the open flux regions. Despite these insights provided by the magnetic field line statistics further work is needed to obtain a definite answer to the question if loop statistics explain the differences between coronal holes and the quiet Sun.

T. Wiegelmann; S. K. Solanki

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Research on Applying Unidirectional Loop Layout to Optimize Facility Layout in Workshop Based on Improved Genetic Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a type of layout which can bring the material transport high flexibility, unidirectional loop layout is widely used in modern workshop layout. This paper deploys research around how to apply a unidirectional loop layout to optimize the facility layout ... Keywords: Unidirectional loop layout, improved genetic algorithm, facility layout, blade manufacturing workshop

Yi Zhang; Hu Zhang; Min-min Xia; Tong-tong Lu; Li-ling Jiang

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Lattice Free Energy with Overlap Fermions: A Two-Loop Result  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the 2-loop partition function of QCD on the lattice, using the Wilson formulation for gluons and the overlap-Dirac operator for fermions. Direct by-products of our result are the 2-loop free energy and average plaquette. Our calculation serves also as a prototype for further higher loop calculations in the overlap formalism. We present our results as a function of a free parameter $M_0$ entering the overlap action; the dependence on the number of colors $N$ and fermionic flavors $N_f$ is shown explicitly.

A. Athenodorou; H. Panagopoulos

2004-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

289

Operating experience with gas-bearing circulators in a high-pressure helium loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-pressure engineering test loop has been designed and constructed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for circulating helium through a test chamber at temperatures to 1000/sup 0/C. The purpose of this loop is to determine the thermal and structural performance of proposed components for the primary loops of gas-cooled nuclear reactors. Five MW of power is available to provide the required gas temperature at the test chamber, and an air-cooled heat exchanger, rated at 4.4 MW, serves as a heat sink. This report contains results of tests performed on gas-bearing circulators.

Sanders, J.P.; Gat, Uri; Young, H.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

EFFICIENT PARALLEL COMPUTATION OF ALL-PAIRS N-BODY ACCELERATION BY DO-LOOP FOLDING  

SciTech Connect

The computational load inside a do loop is equalized by folding the loop appropriately if the amount of load is a linear function of the loop index. Using this idea, we develop an efficient parallel computation scheme of Newtonian all-pairs N-body acceleration vectors with help from OpenMP architecture. Using a consumer PC with a quad-core eight-thread processor, the new parallel scheme runs 4.2-4.9 times faster than a serial computation when the number of particles exceeds a few hundred.

Fukushima, Toshio, E-mail: Toshio.Fukushima@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory, Ohsawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

HRP-CP: AN EVALUATION OF THE DESIGN FEATURES OF BLANKET PROCESSING LOOP P- 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design features and the performance of UO/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ blanket processing Loop P-1 are evaluated from an engineering viewpoint. This unique experiment development loop was operated with pump heating to study the behavior of plutonium in 1.4 M UO/sub 2/SO/sub 4/at 250 deg C and was designed for mixed O/ sub 2/-H/sub 2/ gas pressurization The canned loop and the feed and sampling systems in glove boxes completely contained the plutonium throughout the experimental program. (auth)

Snider, J.W.; Clinton, S.D.

1958-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

292

Loop induced interference effects in Higgs Boson plus two jet production at the LHC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :0 70 9. 35 13 v2 [ he p- ph ] 22 Fe b 2 00 8 Cavendish-HEP-07/09 Edinburgh 2007/21 Loop induced interference effects in Higgs Boson plus two jet production at the LHC J. R. Andersena, T. Binothb, G. Heinrichb, J. M. Smilliea a... processes allowed at the one-loop level in Higgs boson plus 2 jet production at the LHC. The corresponding one-loop amplitudes, which have not been considered in the lit- erature so far, are evaluated analytically using dimensional regularisation...

Andersen, Jeppe R; Binoth, T; Heinrich, G; Smillie, Jennifer M

293

An investigation of synthetic fuel production via chemical looping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels with a reduced greenhouse gas emissions profile would ease the transition to a carbon-neutral energy sector with the transportation industry being the immediate beneficiary followed by the power industry. Revolutionary solutions in transportation, such as electricity and hydrogen, depend on the deployment of carbon capture and storage technologies and/or renewable energy systems. Additionally, high oil prices may increase the development of unconventional sources, such as tar sands, that have a higher emissions profile. One process that is gaining interest is a system for producing reduced carbon fuels though chemical looping technologies. An investigation of the implications of such a process using methane and carbon dioxide that is reformed to yield methanol has been done. An important aspect of the investigation is the use of off-the-shelf technologies to achieve the results. The ability of the process to yield reduced emissions fuels depends on the source for the feed and process heat. For the range of conditions considered, the emissions profile of methanol produced in this method varies from 0.475 to 1.645 moles carbon dioxide per mole methanol. The thermal load can be provided by methane, coal or carbon neutral (biogas). The upper bound can be lowered to 0.750 by applying CCS and/or using nonfossil heat sources for the reforming. The process provides an initial pathway to incorporate CO{sub 2} into fuels independent of electrolytic hydrogen or developments in other sectors of the economy. 22 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Frank Zeman; Marco Castaldi [Columbia University, New York, NY (United States). Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Complete algebraic reduction of one-loop tensor Feynman integrals  

SciTech Connect

We set up a new, flexible approach for the tensor reduction of one-loop Feynman integrals. The 5-point tensor integrals up to rank R=5 are expressed by 4-point tensor integrals of rank R-1, such that the appearance of the inverse 5-point Gram determinant is avoided. The 4-point tensor coefficients are represented in terms of 4-point integrals, defined in d dimensions, 4-2{epsilon}{<=}d{<=}4-2{epsilon}+2(R-1), with higher powers of the propagators. They can be further reduced to expressions which stay free of the inverse 4-point Gram determinants but contain higher-dimensional 4-point integrals with only the first power of scalar propagators, plus 3-point tensor coefficients. A direct evaluation of the higher-dimensional 4-point functions would avoid the appearance of inverse powers of the Gram determinants completely. The simplest approach, however, is to apply here dimensional recurrence relations in order to reduce them to the familiar 2- to 4-point functions in generic dimension d=4-2{epsilon}, introducing thereby coefficients with inverse 4-point Gram determinants up to power R for tensors of rank R. For small or vanishing Gram determinants--where this reduction is not applicable--we use analytic expansions in positive powers of the Gram determinants. Improving the convergence of the expansions substantially with Pade approximants we close up to the evaluation of the 4-point tensor coefficients for larger Gram determinants. Finally, some relations are discussed which may be useful for analytic simplifications of Feynman diagrams.

Fleischer, J. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Bielefeld, Universitaetsstrasse 25, 33615 Bielefeld (Germany); Riemann, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen (Germany)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) system customer interface document.  

SciTech Connect

The National Solar Thermal Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories has a unique test capability called the Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) system. MSTL is a test capability that allows customers and researchers to test components in flowing, molten nitrate salt. The components tested can range from materials samples, to individual components such as flex hoses, ball joints, and valves, up to full solar collecting systems such as central receiver panels, parabolic troughs, or linear Fresnel systems. MSTL provides realistic conditions similar to a portion of a concentrating solar power facility. The facility currently uses 60/40 nitrate %E2%80%9Csolar salt%E2%80%9D and can circulate the salt at pressure up to 40 bar (600psi), temperature to 585%C2%B0C, and flow rate of 44-50kg/s(400-600GPM) depending on temperature. The purpose of this document is to provide a basis for customers to evaluate the applicability to their testing needs, and to provide an outline of expectations for conducting testing on MSTL. The document can serve as the basis for testing agreements including Work for Others (WFO) and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA). While this document provides the basis for these agreements and describes some of the requirements for testing using MSTL and on the site at Sandia, the document is not sufficient by itself as a test agreement. The document, however, does provide customers with a uniform set of information to begin the test planning process.

Gill, David Dennis; Kolb, William J.; Briggs, Ronald D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Pantex High Pressure Fire Loop Project Completed On Time, Under Budget |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Pressure Fire Loop Project Completed On Time, Under Budget | High Pressure Fire Loop Project Completed On Time, Under Budget | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Press Releases > Pantex High Pressure Fire Loop Project Completed ... Press Release Pantex High Pressure Fire Loop Project Completed On Time, Under Budget

297

CNCC Craig Campus Geothermal Program: 82-well closed loop GHP well field to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CNCC Craig Campus Geothermal Program: 82-well closed loop GHP well field to CNCC Craig Campus Geothermal Program: 82-well closed loop GHP well field to provide geothermal energy as a common utility for a new community college campus. Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title CNCC Craig Campus Geothermal Program: 82-well closed loop GHP well field to provide geothermal energy as a common utility for a new community college campus. Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description This "geothermal central plant" concept will provide ground source loop energy as a utility to be shared by the academic and residential buildings on the soon-to-be-constructed campus.

298

V-212: Samba smbd CPU Processing Loop Lets Remote Users Deny Service |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Samba smbd CPU Processing Loop Lets Remote Users Deny 2: Samba smbd CPU Processing Loop Lets Remote Users Deny Service V-212: Samba smbd CPU Processing Loop Lets Remote Users Deny Service August 6, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Samba PLATFORM: Samba 3.0.x - 4.0.7 ABSTRACT: All current released versions of Samba are vulnerable to a denial of service on an authenticated or guest connection REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA54436 Samba Security Release CVE-2013-4124 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A malformed packet can cause the smbd server to loop the CPU performing memory allocations and preventing any further service. A connection to a file share, or a local account is needed to exploit this problem, either authenticated or unauthenticated if guest connections are allowed. This

299

Design, fabrication, and characterization of a multi-condenser loop heat pipe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A condenser design was characterized for a multi-condenser loop heat pipe (LHP) capable of dissipating 1000 W. The LHP was designed for integration into a high performance aircooled heat sink to address thermal management ...

Hanks, Daniel Frank

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Closed-loop, variable-valve-timing control of a controlled-auto-ignition engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to develop a closed-loop controller for use on a Controlled-Auto- Ignition (CAI) / Spark-Ignition (SI) mixed mode engine equipped with a variable-valve-timing (VVT) mechanism. The controller ...

Matthews, Jeffrey A., 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

(VDL) : a jitter measurement built-in self-test circuit for phase locked loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of a new type of BIST circuit, the (VDL)2, with the purpose of measuring jitter in IBM's phase locked loops. The (VDL)2, which stands for Variable Vernier Digital Delay Locked Line, ...

Kam, Brandon Ray

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Loop current order and d-wave superconductivity: Some observable consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loop current order has been reported in the pseudogap regime of a few cuprate systems in polarized neutron scattering experiments. Here we study several observable consequences of such order in the d-wave superconducting ...

Allais, Andrea

303

Frequency of Ring Separations from the Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico: A Revised Estimate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The most energetic events in the circulation of the Gulf of Mexico are the separation of large anticyclonic rings from the Loop Current. Building on previous work, the authors examine all the apparent rings since July 1973. This new dataset ...

W. Sturges; R. Leben

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The Design and Qualification of a Hydraulic Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulator .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of this work was to design and evaluate a hydraulic Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation system based around electric and hydraulic motors. The idea behind (more)

Driscoll, Scott Crawford

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A Numerical Study of Loop Current Eddy Interaction with Topography in the Western Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anticyclones originating from the Loop Current are known to propagate into the western Gulf of Mexico. Their frequency of generation, their long lifetimes, and satellite data suggest that at any one time one or more eddies may occupy the Gulf. ...

David C. Smith IV

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Oriented matroid theory and loop quantum gravity in (2+2) and eight dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish a connection between oriented matroid theory and loop quantum gravity in (2+2) (two time and two space dimensions) and 8-dimensions. We start by observing that supersymmetry implies that the structure constants of the real numbers, complex numbers, quaternions and octonions can be identified with the chirotope concept. This means, among other things, that normed divisions algebras, which are only possible in 1,2, 4 or 8-dimensions, are linked to oriented matroid theory. Therefore, we argue that the possibility for developing loop quantum gravity in 8-dimensions must be taken as important alternative. Moreover, we show that in 4-dimensions, loop quantum gravity theories in the (1+3) or (0+4) signatures are not the only possibilities. In fact, we show that loop quantum gravity associated with the (2+2)-signature may also be an interesting physical structure.

J. A. Nieto

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

307

DETAILED LOOP MODEL (DLM) ANALYSIS OF LIQUID SOLAR THERMOSIPHONS WITH HEAT EXCHANGERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eq. (18b) Dhe heat exchanger heat transfer parameter, Eq. (t1 Loop Thermosiphon Heat Exchanger,n ASHRAE Transactions,s . Thermosiphon Heat Exchanger,n Part 2, 1980, No. 2588,

Mertol, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Rotary bed reactor for chemical-looping combustion with carbon capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a novel and promising technology for power generation with inherent CO2 capture. Currently almost all the research has been focused on developing CLC based inter-connected fluidized bed ...

Zhao, Zhenlong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Geek-Up08.27.10 -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Nio Geek-Up08.27.10 --...

310

Feedback loop design and experimental testing for integrated optics with micro-mechanical tuning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I designed a capacitive sensor with feedback control for precision tuning of a MEMS controlled wavelength-selective switch. The implementation is based upon a customized feedback loop with a PID controller. The positional ...

Waller, Laura A. (Laura Ann)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

SATB1 packages densely-looped, transciptionally-active chromatin for coordinated expression of cytokine genes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. Loss of silent- chromatin looping and impaired imprintingT. SATB1 targets chromatin remodelling to regulate genesS.T. & Fisher, A.G. Chromatin structure and gene regulation

Cai, Shutao; Lee, Charles C.; Kohwi-Shigematsu, Terumi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

DETAILED LOOP MODEL (DLM) ANALYSIS OF LIQUID SOLAR THERMOSIPHONS WITH HEAT EXCHANGERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THERMOSIPHONS WITH HEAT EXCHANGERS A. Mertol, W. Place, T.Eq. (18b) Dhe heat exchanger heat transfer parameter, Eq. (t1 Loop Thermosiphon Heat Exchanger,n ASHRAE Transactions,

Mertol, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

On the Green's function and iterative solutions of Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we shall find the green's function of the difference equation of loop quantum cosmology. To illustrate how to use it, we shall obtain an iterative solution for closed model and evaluate its corresponding Bohmian trajectory.

Fatimah Shojai; Ali Shojai

2006-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

314

Development of a compensation chamber for use in a multiple condenser loop heat pipe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of many electronic devices is presently limited by heat dissipation rates. One potential solution lies in high-performance air-cooled heat exchangers like PHUMP, the multiple condenser loop heat pipe presented ...

Roche, Nicholas Albert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The periodic table of topological insulators and superconductors: the loop sequence approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, a complete homotopic interpretation on the periodic table of topological insulators and superconductors has been derived by establishing the loop sequence of the corresponding classifying spaces. In our approach, each classifying spaces has been regarded as a fiber bundle defined on one point, following that the loop relationship between the classifying spaces in the same symmetric class has been built and proved. Meanwhile, the loop sequence between the classifying spaces with the same spatial dimension has also been developed based on the minimal geodesic approximation. Finally, by building the loop sequence for general dimensions and symmetric classes, a complete homotopic understanding about the whole periodic table of any classifying spaces is achieved. Our approach provides a unified way to interpret the topological relationship between any free-fermion systems.

Chunbo Zhao

2013-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

316

Real-Time Loop Scheduling with Energy Optimization Via DVS and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-Time Loop Scheduling with Energy. Optimization Via DVS and ABB for Multi -core. Embedded System. Guochen Hua1, Meng Wang1, Zili Shao1, Hui Liu2,...

317

Loop Current Eddy Interaction with the Western Boundary in the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-layer, intermediate equations model that, uniquely, allows for the intersection of the bathymetry with the layer interface is used to study the interaction of isolated Loop Current Eddy (LCE)-type anticyclones with western-boundary ...

S. A. Frolov; G. G. Sutyrin; G. D. Rowe; L. M. Rothstein

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Hydrodynamic Simulation of a nano-flare heated multi-strand solar atmospheric loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a growing body of evidence that the plasma loops seen with current instrumentation (SOHO, TRACE and Hinode) may consist of many sub-resolution elements or strands. Thus, the overall plasma evolution we observe in these features could be the cumulative result of numerous individual strands undergoing sporadic heating. This paper presents a short (10^9 cm ~ 10 Mm) ``global loop'' as 125 individual strands where each strand is modelled independently by a one-dimensional hydrodynamic simulation. The energy release mechanism across the strands consists of localised, discrete heating events (nano-flares). The strands are ``coupled'' together through the frequency distribution of the total energy input to the loop which follows a power law distribution with index alpha. The location and lifetime of each energy event occurring is random. Although a typical strand can go through a series of well-defined heating/cooling cycles, when the strands are combined, the overall quasi-static emission measure weighted thermal profile for the global loop reproduces a hot apex/cool base structure. Localised cool plasma blobs are seen to travel along individual strands which could cause the loop to `disappear' from coronal emission and appear in transition or chromospheric ones. As alpha increases (from 0 to 2.29 to 3.29), more weight is given to the smallest heating episodes. Consequently, the overall global loop apex temperature increases while the variation of the temperature around that value decreases. Any further increase in alpha saturates the loop apex temperature variations at the current simulation resolution. The effect of increasing the number of strands and the loop length as well as the implications of these results upon possible future observing campaigns for TRACE and Hinode are discussed.

Aveek Sarkar; Robert W Walsh

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

319

Constituent Quarks and Gluons, Polyakov loop and the Hadron Resonance Gas Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on first principle QCD arguments, it has been argued in arXiv:1204.2424[hep-ph] that the vacuum expectation value of the Polyakov loop can be represented in the hadron resonance gas model. We study this within the Polyakov-constituent quark model by implementing the quantum and local nature of the Polyakov loop hep-ph/0412308, hep-ph/0607338. The existence of exotic states in the spectrum is discussed.

Megias, E; Salcedo, L L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

One-loop effects of a heavy Higgs boson: A functional approach  

SciTech Connect

We integrate out the Higgs boson in the electroweak standard model at one loop, assuming that it is very heavy. We construct a low-energy effective Lagrangian, which parametrizes the one-loop effect of the heavy Higgs boson at {O}({ital M}{sup O}{sup -}{sub {ital H}}). Instead of applying conventional diagrammatical techniques, we integrate out the Higgs boson directly in the path integral. {copyright} 1995 American Institute of Physics

Dittmaier, S. [Univeristy of Bielefeld, Bielefeld (Germany); Grosse-Knetter, C. [University of Montreal, Montreal (Canada)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Using FACTS Devices To Mitigate Loop Flows on the Southern Company Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eight power transfers between control areas neighboring the Southern Control Area (SCA) were created to evaluate the application of FACTS devices to (1) mitigate loop flows on the SCA and (2) maintain or improve available transfer capability between neighboring control areas and into the SCA. These eight transfers were selected to include those that have the maximum MW loop flow impact on the SCA ties to Duke, Entergy, TVA, South Carolina Electric & Gas, and Santee-Cooper. These eight transfers were used...

2000-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

322

Constituent Quarks and Gluons, Polyakov loop and the Hadron Resonance Gas Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on first principle QCD arguments, it has been argued in arXiv:1204.2424[hep-ph] that the vacuum expectation value of the Polyakov loop can be represented in the hadron resonance gas model. We study this within the Polyakov-constituent quark model by implementing the quantum and local nature of the Polyakov loop hep-ph/0412308, hep-ph/0607338. The existence of exotic states in the spectrum is discussed.

E. Megias; E. Ruiz Arriola; L. L. Salcedo

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

323

Coronal Seismology and the Propagation of Acoustic Waves Along Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a combination of analytical theory, numerical simulation, and data analysis to study the propagation of acoustic waves along coronal loops. We show that the intensity perturbation of a wave depends on a number of factors, including dissipation of the wave energy, pressure and temperature gradients in the loop atmosphere, work action between the wave and a flow, and the sensitivity properties of the observing instrument. In particular, the scale length of the intensity perturbation varies directly with the dissipation scale length (i.e., damping length) and the scale lengths of pressure, temperature, and velocity. We simulate wave propagation in three different equilibrium loop models and find that dissipation and pressure and temperature stratification are the most important effects in the low corona where the waves are most easily detected. Velocity effects are small, and cross-sectional area variations play no direct role for lines-of-sight that are normal to the loop axis. The intensity perturbation scale lengths in our simulations agree very well with the scale lengths we measure in a sample of loops observed by TRACE. The median observed value is 4.35x10^9 cm. In some cases the intensity perturbation increases with height, which is likely an indication of a temperature inversion in the loop (i.e., temperature that decreases with height). Our most important conclusion is that thermal conduction, the primary damping mechanism, is accurately described by classical transport theory. There is no need to invoke anomalous processes to explain the observations.

J. A. Klimchuk; S. E. M. Tanner; I. De Moortel

2004-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

324

Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season. Upon completion of the monitoring phase, measurements revealed that the initial TRNSYS simulated horizontal sub-slab ground loop heat exchanger fluid temperatures and heat transfer rates differed from the measured values. To determine the cause of this discrepancy, an updated model was developed utilizing a new TRNSYS subroutine for simulating sub-slab heat exchangers. Measurements of fluid temperature, soil temperature, and heat transfer were used to validate the updated model.

Mittereder, N.; Poerschke, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

NONLINEAR FORCE-FREE MAGNETIC FIELD FITTING TO CORONAL LOOPS WITH AND WITHOUT STEREOSCOPY  

SciTech Connect

We developed a new nonlinear force-free magnetic field (NLFFF) forward-fitting algorithm based on an analytical approximation of force-free and divergence-free NLFFF solutions, which requires as input a line-of-sight magnetogram and traced two-dimensional (2D) loop coordinates of coronal loops only, in contrast to stereoscopically triangulated three-dimensional loop coordinates used in previous studies. Test results of simulated magnetic configurations and from four active regions observed with STEREO demonstrate that NLFFF solutions can be fitted with equal accuracy with or without stereoscopy, which relinquishes the necessity of STEREO data for magnetic modeling of active regions (on the solar disk). The 2D loop tracing method achieves a 2D misalignment of {mu}{sub 2} = 2. Degree-Sign 7 {+-} 1. Degree-Sign 3 between the model field lines and observed loops, and an accuracy of Almost-Equal-To 1.0% for the magnetic energy or free magnetic energy ratio. The three times higher spatial resolution of TRACE or SDO/AIA (compared with STEREO) also yields a proportionally smaller misalignment angle between model fit and observations. Visual/manual loop tracings are found to produce more accurate magnetic model fits than automated tracing algorithms. The computation time of the new forward-fitting code amounts to a few minutes per active region.

Aschwanden, Markus J., E-mail: aschwanden@lmsal.com [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Simulating dislocation loop internal dynamics and collective diffusion using stochastic differential equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanoscale prismatic loops are modeled via a partial stochastic differential equation that describes an overdamped continuum elastic string, with a view to describing both the internal and collective dynamics of the loop as a function of temperature. Within the framework of the Langevin equation, expressions are derived that relate the empirical parameters of the model, the friction per unit length, and the elastic stiffness per unit length, to observables that can be obtained directly via molecular-dynamics simulations of interstitial or vacancy prismatic loop mobility. The resulting expressions naturally exhibit the properties that the collective diffusion coefficient of the loop (i) scales inversely with the square root of the number of interstitials, a feature that has been observed in both atomistic simulation and in situ TEM investigations of loop mobility, and (ii) the collective diffusion coefficient is not at all dependent on the internal interactions within the loop, thus qualitatively rationalizing past simulation results showing that the characteristic migration energy barrier is comparable to that of a single interstitial, and cluster migration is a result of individual (but correlated) interstitial activity.

Derlet, P. M.; Gilbert, M. R.; Dudarev, S. L. [Condensed Matter Theory Group, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Investigation of gasification chemical looping combustion combined cycle performance  

SciTech Connect

A novel combined cycle based on coal gasification and chemical looping combustion (CLC) offers a possibility of both high net power efficiency and separation of the greenhouse gas CO{sub 2}. The technique involves the use of a metal oxide as an oxygen carrier, which transfers oxygen from the combustion air to the fuel, and the avoidance of direct contact between fuel and combustion air. The fuel gas is oxidized by an oxygen carrier, an oxygen-containing compound, in the fuel reactor. The oxygen carrier in this study is NiO. The reduced oxygen carrier, Ni, in the fuel reactor is regenerated by the air in the air reactor. In this way, fuel and air are never mixed, and the fuel oxidation products CO{sub 2} and water vapor leave the system undiluted by air. All that is needed to get an almost pure CO{sub 2} product is to condense the water vapor and to remove the liquid water. When the technique is combined with gas turbine and heat recovery steam generation technology, a new type of combined cycle is formed which gives a possibility of obtaining high net power efficiency and CO{sub 2} separation. The performance of the combined cycle is simulated using the ASPEN software tool in this paper. The influence of the water/coal ratio on the gasification and the influence of the CLC process parameters such as the air reactor temperature, the turbine inlet supplementary firing, and the pressure ratio of the compressor on the system performance are discussed. Results show that, assuming an air reactor temperature of 1200{sup o}C, a gasification temperature of 1100 {sup o}C, and a turbine inlet temperature after supplementary firing of 1350{sup o}C, the system has the potential to achieve a thermal efficiency of 44.4% (low heating value), and the CO{sub 2} emission is 70.1 g/(kW h), 90.1% of the CO{sub 2} captured. 22 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

Wenguo Xiang; Sha Wang; Tengteng Di [Southeast University, Nanjing (China). Key Laboratory of Clean Coal Power Generation and Combustion Technology of the Ministry of Education

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Development of a Forced-Convection Liquid-Fluoride-Salt Test Loop  

SciTech Connect

A small forced-convection molten-fluoride-salt loop is being constructed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to examine the heat transfer behavior of FLiNaK salt in a heated pebble bed. Objectives of the experiment include reestablishing infrastructure needed for fluoride-salt loop testing, developing a unique inductive heating technique for performing heat transfer (or other) experiments, measuring heat transfer characteristics in a liquid-fluoride-salt-cooled pebble bed, and demonstrating the use of silicon carbide (SiC) as a structural component for salt systems. The salt loop will consist of an Inconel 600 piping system, a sump-type pump, a SiC test section, and an air-cooled heat exchanger, as well as auxiliary systems needed to pre-heat the loop, transport salt into and out of the loop, and maintain an inert cover gas over the salt. A 30,000 Hz inductive heating system will be used to provide up to 250 kW of power to a 15 cm diameter SiC test section containing a packed bed of 3 cm graphite spheres. A SiC-to-Inconel 600 joint will use a conventional nickel/grafoil spiral wound gasket sandwiched between SiC and Inconel flanges. The loop system can provide up to 4.5 kg/s of salt flow at a head of 0.125 MPa and operate at a pressure just above atmospheric. Pebble Reynolds numbers of up to 2600 are possible with this configuration. A sump system is provided to drain and store the salt when not in use. Instrumentation on the loop will include pressure, temperature, and flow measurements, while the test section will be instrumented to provide pebble and FLiNaK temperatures.

Yoder Jr, Graydon L [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL; Peretz, Fred J [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Romanoski, Glenn R [ORNL; Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Heatherly, Dennis Wayne [ORNL; Aaron, Adam M [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Floating Refrigerant Loop Based on R-134a Refrigerant Cooling of High-Heat Flux Electronics  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) have been developing technologies to address the thermal issues associated with hybrid vehicles. Removal of the heat generated from electrical losses in traction motors and their associated power electronics is essential for the reliable operation of motors and power electronics. As part of a larger thermal control project, which includes shrinking inverter size and direct cooling of electronics, ORNL has developed U.S. Patent No. 6,772,603 B2, ''Methods and Apparatus for Thermal Management of Vehicle Systems and Components'' [1], and patent pending, ''Floating Loop System for Cooling Integrated Motors and Inverters Using Hot Liquid Refrigerant'' [2]. The floating-loop system provides a large coefficient of performance (COP) for hybrid-drive component cooling. This loop (based on R-134a) is integrated with a vehicle's existing air-conditioning (AC) condenser, which dissipates waste heat to the ambient air. Because the temperature requirements for cooling of power electronics and electric machines are not as low as that required for passenger compartment air, this adjoining loop can operate on the high-pressure side of the existing AC system. This arrangement also allows the floating loop to run without the need for the compressor and only needs a small pump to move the liquid refrigerant. For the design to be viable, the loop must not adversely affect the existing system. The loop should also provide a high COP, a flat-temperature profile, and low-pressure drop. To date, the floating-loop test prototype has successfully removed 2 kW of heat load in a 9 kW automobile passenger AC system with and without the automotive AC system running. The COP for the tested floating-loop system ranges from 40-45, as compared to a typical AC system COP of about 2-4. The estimated required waste-heat load for future hybrid applications is 5.5 kW and the existing system could be easily scaleable for this larger load.

Lowe, K.T.

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

330

Conceptual Design of Forced Convection Molten Salt Heat Transfer Testing Loop  

SciTech Connect

This report develops a proposal to design and construct a forced convection test loop. A detailed test plan will then be conducted to obtain data on heat transfer, thermodynamic, and corrosion characteristics of the molten salts and fluid-solid interaction. In particular, this report outlines an experimental research and development test plan. The most important initial requirement for heat transfer test of molten salt systems is the establishment of reference coolant materials to use in the experiments. An earlier report produced within the same project highlighted how thermophysical properties of the materials that directly impact the heat transfer behavior are strongly correlated to the composition and impurities concentration of the melt. It is therefore essential to establish laboratory techniques that can measure the melt composition, and to develop purification methods that would allow the production of large quantities of coolant with the desired purity. A companion report describes the options available to reach such objectives. In particular, that report outlines an experimental research and development test plan that would include following steps: Molten Salts: The candidate molten salts for investigation will be selected. Materials of Construction: Materials of construction for the test loop, heat exchangers, and fluid-solid corrosion tests in the test loop will also be selected. Scaling Analysis: Scaling analysis to design the test loop will be performed. Test Plan: A comprehensive test plan to include all the tests that are being planned in the short and long term time frame will be developed. Design the Test Loop: The forced convection test loop will be designed including extensive mechanical design, instrument selection, data acquisition system, safety requirements, and related precautionary measures. Fabricate the Test Loop. Perform the Tests. Uncertainty Analysis: As a part of the data collection, uncertainty analysis will be performed to develop probability of confidence in what is measured in the test loop. Overall, the testing loop will allow development of needed heat transfer related thermophysical parameters for all the salts, validate existing correlations, validate measuring instruments under harsh environment, and have extensive corrosion testing of materials of construction.

Manohar S. Sohal; Piyush Sabharwall; Pattrick Calderoni; Alan K. Wertsching; S. Brandon Grover

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Floating Refrigerant Loop Based on R-134a Refrigerant Cooling of High-Heat Flux Electronics  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) have been developing technologies to address the thermal issues associated with hybrid vehicles. Removal of the heat generated from electrical losses in traction motors and their associated power electronics is essential for the reliable operation of motors and power electronics. As part of a larger thermal control project, which includes shrinking inverter size and direct cooling of electronics, ORNL has developed U.S. Patent No. 6,772,603 B2, ''Methods and Apparatus for Thermal Management of Vehicle Systems and Components'' [1], and patent pending, ''Floating Loop System for Cooling Integrated Motors and Inverters Using Hot Liquid Refrigerant'' [2]. The floating-loop system provides a large coefficient of performance (COP) for hybrid-drive component cooling. This loop (based on R-134a) is integrated with a vehicle's existing air-conditioning (AC) condenser, which dissipates waste heat to the ambient air. Because the temperature requirements for cooling of power electronics and electric machines are not as low as that required for passenger compartment air, this adjoining loop can operate on the high-pressure side of the existing AC system. This arrangement also allows the floating loop to run without the need for the compressor and only needs a small pump to move the liquid refrigerant. For the design to be viable, the loop must not adversely affect the existing system. The loop should also provide a high COP, a flat-temperature profile, and low-pressure drop. To date, the floating-loop test prototype has successfully removed 2 kW of heat load in a 9 kW automobile passenger AC system with and without the automotive AC system running. The COP for the tested floating-loop system ranges from 40-45, as compared to a typical AC system COP of about 2-4. The estimated required waste-heat load for future hybrid applications is 5.5 kW and the existing system could be easily scaleable for this larger load.

Lowe, K.T.

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

A THEORETICAL STUDY OF THE TRANSIENT OPERATION AND STABILITY OF TWO-PHASE NATURAL CIRCULATION LOOPS  

SciTech Connect

Mathematical models of the time-dependent behavior of two-phase natural- circulation loops were used to predict the operation and to explain the unusual instability sometimes observed. The initial results obtained for a loop similar to the Univ. of Minnesota loop were used to formulate a more complex and accurate model, and the predicted transient behavior was in close agreement with the experimental results from the Minnesota loop. For a 300psia, high-pressure loop, unstable oscillatory behavior was predicted under certain conditions and stable behavior under others. Closed unstable regions rather than limits were predicted, and the specifications of stability in terms of a single parameter were found to be impossible. The great difference in oscillatory frequencies observed at low and high pressures was found to be due largely to the system geometry. The criterion for the absence of oscillations was found to be similar to one of the criteria for stability of chemical reaction systems. (D.L.C.)

Garlid, K.; Amundson, N.R.; Isbin, H.S.

1961-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Experiments in a single-phase natural circulation mini-loop  

SciTech Connect

This study reports an experimental investigation related to a rectangular single-phase natural circulation mini-loop, which consists of two horizontal copper tubes (heat transfer sections) and two vertical tubes (legs) made of copper, connected by means of four glass 90 bends. The loop inner diameter is 4 mm. The lower heating section consists of an electrical heating wire made of nicromel on the outside of the copper tube; the upper cooling system consists of a coaxial cylindrical heat exchanger with a water-glycol mixture, set at controlled temperature and flowing through the annulus. The loop has an imposed heat flux in the lower heating section and an imposed temperature in the cooler. The mini-loop was placed onto a table which can assume different inclinations. The parameters investigated during the experiments were: power transferred to the fluid and inclination of the loop. The preliminary results show a stable behaviour with a steady temperature difference across the heat sinks. It has been confirmed that the fluid velocity is very small (order of millimetres per second). (author)

Misale, M.; Garibaldi, P. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria della Produzione, Termoenergetica e Modelli Matematici DIPTEM-Tec, University of Genoa, Via All'Opera Pia, 15-a (I) 16145 Genova (Italy); Passos, J.C.; de Bitencourt, G. Ghisi [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica, LEPTEN/Boiling - Laboratorios de Engenharia de Processos e Tecnologia de Energia, Boiling Group EMC - Caixa Postal 476, CEP 88040-900, Florianopolis, SC (Brazil)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

ENTHALPY-BASED THERMAL EVOLUTION OF LOOPS. II. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE MODEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops the zero-dimensional (0D) hydrodynamic coronal loop model 'Enthalpy-based Thermal Evolution of Loops' (EBTEL) proposed by Klimchuk et al., which studies the plasma response to evolving coronal heating, especially impulsive heating events. The basis of EBTEL is the modeling of mass exchange between the corona and transition region (TR) and chromosphere in response to heating variations, with the key parameter being the ratio of the TR to coronal radiation. We develop new models for this parameter that now include gravitational stratification and a physically motivated approach to radiative cooling. A number of examples are presented, including nanoflares in short and long loops, and a small flare. The new features in EBTEL are important for accurate tracking of, in particular, the density. The 0D results are compared to a 1D hydro code (Hydrad) with generally good agreement. EBTEL is suitable for general use as a tool for (1) quick-look results of loop evolution in response to a given heating function, (2) extensive parameter surveys, and (3) situations where the modeling of hundreds or thousands of elemental loops is needed. A single run takes a few seconds on a contemporary laptop.

Cargill, P. J. [Space and Atmospheric Physics, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, S. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Klimchuk, J. A., E-mail: p.cargill@imperial.ac.uk [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Solar Physics Laboratory, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Niño Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Niño August 27, 2010 - 5:21pm Addthis Blue flame generated by natural gas. Blue flame generated by natural gas. Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs With the opening of a new IKEA in suburban Denver slated for fall 2011, Coloradans can expect more than affordable home furnishings: the Centennial store will be the first IKEA to be built with geothermal heating and cooling. The retailers have partnered with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to study and demonstrate the advantages of a geothermal heating system. By

336

Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle 8.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Niño Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Niño August 27, 2010 - 5:21pm Addthis Blue flame generated by natural gas. Blue flame generated by natural gas. Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs With the opening of a new IKEA in suburban Denver slated for fall 2011, Coloradans can expect more than affordable home furnishings: the Centennial store will be the first IKEA to be built with geothermal heating and cooling. The retailers have partnered with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to study and demonstrate the advantages of a geothermal heating system. By

337

A digital optical phase-locked loop for diode lasers based on field programmable gate array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have designed and implemented a highly digital optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for diode lasers in atom interferometry. The three parts of controlling circuit in this OPLL, including phase and frequency detector (PFD), loop filter and proportional integral derivative (PID) controller, are implemented in a single field programmable gate array chip. A structure type compatible with the model MAX9382/MCH12140 is chosen for PFD and pipeline and parallelism technology have been adapted in PID controller. Especially, high speed clock and twisted ring counter have been integrated in the most crucial part, the loop filter. This OPLL has the narrow beat note line width below 1 Hz, residual mean-square phase error of 0.14 rad{sup 2} and transition time of 100 {mu}s under 10 MHz frequency step. A main innovation of this design is the completely digitalization of the whole controlling circuit in OPLL for diode lasers.

Xu Zhouxiang; Zhang Xian; Huang Kaikai; Lu Xuanhui [Physics Department, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027 (China)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Lattice Free Energy of QCD with Clover Fermions, up to Three-Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the perturbative value of the free energy in Lattice QCD, up to three loops. Our calculation is performed using Wilson gluons and the Sheikholeslami - Wolhert (clover) improved action for fermions. The free energy is directly related to the average plaquette. To carry out the calculation, we compute all relevant Feynman diagrams up to 3 loops, using a set of automated procedures in Mathematica; numerical evaluation of the resulting loop integrals is performed on finite lattice, with subsequent extrapolation to infinite size. The results are presented as a function of the fermion mass m, for any SU(N_c) gauge group, and for an arbitrary number of fermion flavors. In order to enable independent comparisons, we also provide the results on a per diagram basis, for a specific mass value.

A. Athenodorou; H. Panagopoulos; A. Tsapalis

2007-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

339

PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF A HYDROGEN-COOLED IN-PILE LOOP FOR THE EGCR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A discussion is presented concerning the preliminary design and hazards evaluation of a H-cooled in-pile experimental loop for operation in the large double-walled through-tube in the Experimental Gas-Cooled Reactor (EGCR) at Oak Ridge. This loop is designed to permit experimentation with full-scale fuel element configurations up to 8 in. OD, at inlet gas temperatures of 600 to 950 deg F at 300 psig, and experimental power levels up to 500 kw. The results of a preliminary hazards evaluation indicate that a loop of this type can be safely operated in the EGCR. The H flammability hazard is controlled by blanketing all H-filled pipes and components with a sufficient quantity of nonreactive gas, such as He or CO/ sup 2/, to produce a noncombustible mixture for all credible H- release situations. (auth)

Michelson, C.; Culp, A.W.; Neill, F.H.

1962-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

340

Scaling Laws and Temperature Profiles for Solar and Stellar Coronal Loops with Non-uniform Heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bulk of solar coronal radiative loss consists of soft X-ray emission from quasi-static loops at the cores of Active Regions. In order to develop diagnostics for determining the heating mechanism of these loops from observations by coronal imaging instruments, I have developed analytical solutions for the temperature structure and scaling laws of loop strands for a wide range of heating functions, including footpoint heating, uniform heating, and heating concentrated at the loop apex. Key results are that the temperature profile depends only weakly on the heating distribution -- not sufficiently to be of significant diagnostic value -- and that the scaling laws survive for this wide range of heating distributions, but with the constant of proportionality in the RTV scaling law ($P_{0}L \\thicksim T_{max}^3$) depending on the specific heating function. Furthermore, quasi-static analytical solutions do not exist for an excessive concentration of heating near the loop footpoints, a result in agreement with recent numerical simulations. It is demonstrated that a generalization of the solutions to the case of a strand with a variable diameter leads to only relatively small correction factors in the scaling laws and temperature profiles for constant diameter loop strands. A quintet of leading theoretical coronal heating mechanisms is shown to be captured by the formalism of this paper, and the differences in thermal structure between them may be verified through observations. Preliminary results from full numerical simulations demonstrate that, despite the simplifying assumptions, the analytical solutions from this paper are stable and accurate.

P. C. H. Martens

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Effects of internal hydrogen on the vacancy loop formation probability in Al  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of internal hydrogen on the formation of vacancy dislocation loops from heavy-ion generated displacement cascades in Al has been investigated. Samples of high-purity aluminum and aluminum containing 900 and 1300 appM of hydrogen were irradiated at room temperature with 50 keV Kr+ ions. The ion dose rate was typically 2 {times} 10{sup 10}ions cm{sup {minus}2} sec{sup {minus}1} and the ion dose was between 10{sup 11} and 10{sup 13} ion cm{sup {minus}2}. Under these irradiation conditions, dislocation loops were observed in all compositions, although the formation probability was relatively low (less than 10 percent of the displacement cascades produced a vacancy loop). The loop formation probability was further reduced by the presence of hydrogen. No difference in the geometry or the size of the loops created in the hydrogen free and hydrogen charged samples was found. These results are difficult to interpret, and the explanation may lie in the distribution and form of the hydrogen. To account for the large hydrogen concentrations and from calculations of the energy associated with hydrogen entry into aluminum, it has been suggested that the hydrogen enters the aluminum lattice with an accompanying vacancy. This will create hydrogen-vacancy complexes in the material; two dimensional complexes have been detected in the hydrogen-charged, but unirradiated, samples by the small-angle x-ray scattering technique. The possibility of these complexes trapping the vacancies produced by the cascade process exists thus lowering the formation probability. However, such a mechanism must occur within the lifetime of the cascade. Alternatively, if a displacement cascade overlaps with the hydrogen-vacancy complexes, the lower atomic density of the region will result in an increase in the cascade volume (decrease in the local vacancy concentration) which will also reduce the loop formation probability.

Bui, T.X.; Sirois, E.; Robertson, I.M. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); Kirk, M.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

On the relation between the connection and the loop representation of quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Penrose binor calculus for SU(2) (SL(2,C)) tensor expressions, a graphical method for the connection representation of Euclidean Quantum Gravity (real connection) is constructed. It is explicitly shown that: {\\it (i)} the recently proposed scalar product in the loop-representation coincide with the Ashtekar-Lewandoski cylindrical measure in the space of connections; {\\it (ii)} it is possible to establish a correspondence between the operators in the connection representation and those in the loop representation. The construction is based on embedded spin network, the Penrose graphical method of SU(2) calculus, and the existence of a generalized measure on the space of connections modulo gauge transformations.

De Pietri, R

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

On the relation between the connection and the loop representation of quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Penrose binor calculus for $SU(2)$ ($SL(2,C)$) tensor expressions, a graphical method for the connection representation of Euclidean Quantum Gravity (real connection) is constructed. It is explicitly shown that: {\\it (i)} the recently proposed scalar product in the loop-representation coincide with the Ashtekar-Lewandoski cylindrical measure in the space of connections; {\\it (ii)} it is possible to establish a correspondence between the operators in the connection representation and those in the loop representation. The construction is based on embedded spin network, the Penrose graphical method of $SU(2)$ calculus, and the existence of a generalized measure on the space of connections modulo gauge transformations.

Roberto De Pietri

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

Intermediate Heat Transfer Loop Study for High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of possible configurations for a system that transfers heat between the nuclear reactor and the hydrogen and/or electrical generation plants were identified. These configurations included both direct and indirect cycles for the production of electricity. Both helium and liquid salts were considered as the working fluid in the intermediate heat transport loop. Methods were developed to perform thermal-hydraulic and cycleefficiency evaluations of the different configurations and coolants. The thermal-hydraulic evaluations estimated the sizes of various components in the intermediate heat transport loop for the different configurations. This paper also includes a portion of stress analyses performed on pipe configurations.

C. H. Oh; C. Davis; S. Sherman

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Forced flow supercritical helium in a closed heat transfer loop subjected to pulsed heat loads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The superconducting magnets of the tokamak JT-60SA are cooled by means of forced flows of supercritical helium at 4.4 K and 0.5 MPa. The closed loops transfer heat from the magnets to the refrigerator through heat exchangers immersed into a saturated liquid helium bath. An experimental loop was designed to represent a 1/20 scaled down mock-up of JT-60SA central solenoid cooling circuits. This design for keeping the same transit times in the helium circuits

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The energy spectrum of gravitational waves in a loop quantum cosmological model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the consequences of loop quantum cosmology (inverse-volume corrections) in the spectrum of the gravitational waves using the method of the Bogoliubov coefficients. These corrections are taken into account at the background level of the theory as well as at the first order in the perturbations theory framework. We show that these corrections lead to an intense graviton production during the loop super-inflationary phase prior to the standard slow-roll era, which leave their imprints through new features on the energy spectrum of the gravitational waves as would be measured today, including a new maximum on the low frequency end of the spectrum.

Joao Morais; Mariam Bouhmadi-Lopez; Alfredo B. Henriques

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

347

Floating Loop System For Cooling Integrated Motors And Inverters Using Hot Liquid Refrigerant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A floating loop vehicle component cooling and air-conditioning system having at least one compressor for compressing cool vapor refrigerant into hot vapor refrigerant; at least one condenser for condensing the hot vapor refrigerant into hot liquid refrigerant by exchanging heat with outdoor air; at least one floating loop component cooling device for evaporating the hot liquid refrigerant into hot vapor refrigerant; at least one expansion device for expanding the hot liquid refrigerant into cool liquid refrigerant; at least one air conditioning evaporator for evaporating the cool liquid refrigerant into cool vapor refrigerant by exchanging heat with indoor air; and piping for interconnecting components of the cooling and air conditioning system.

Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN; Ayers, Curtis W [Kingston, TN; Coomer, Chester [Knoxville, TN; Marlino, Laura D [Oak Ridge, TN

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Loop model with mixed boundary conditions, qKZ equation and alternating sign matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The integrable loop model with mixed boundary conditions based on the 1-boundary extended Temperley--Lieb algebra with loop weight 1 is considered. The corresponding qKZ equation is introduced and its minimal degree solution described. As a result, the sum of the properly normalized components of the ground state in size L is computed and shown to be equal to the number of Horizontally and Vertically Symmetric Alternating Sign Matrices of size 2L+3. A refined counting is also considered.

P. Zinn-Justin

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

349

A hard thermal loop benchmark for the extraction of the nonperturbative $Q\\bar{Q}$ potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extraction of the finite temperature heavy quark potential from lattice QCD relies on a spectral analysis of the Wilson loop. General arguments tell us that the lowest lying spectral peak encodes, through its position and shape, the real and imaginary part of this complex potential. Here we benchmark this extraction strategy using leading order hard-thermal loop (HTL) calculations. I.e. we analytically calculate the Wilson loop and determine the corresponding spectrum. By fitting its lowest lying peak we obtain the real- and imaginary part and confirm that the knowledge of the lowest peak alone is sufficient for obtaining the potential. Access to the full spectrum allows an investigation of spectral features that do not contribute to the potential but can pose a challenge to numerical attempts of an analytic continuation from imaginary time data. Differences in these contributions between the Wilson loop and gauge fixed Wilson line correlators are discussed. To better understand the difficulties in a numerical extraction we deploy the Maximum Entropy method with extended search space to HTL correlators in Euclidean time and observe how well the known spectral function and values for the real and imaginary part are reproduced. Possible venues for improvement of the extraction strategy are discussed.

Yannis Burnier; Alexander Rothkopf

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Numerical test of Polyakov loop models in high temperature SU(2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the compatibility of effective mean-field models of the Polyakov loop for the deconfined phase of SU(N) pure gauge theories with lattice data obtained for the case of SU(2), in the temperature range T_c - 4.8 T_c.

Roberto Fiore; Pietro Giudice; Alessandro Papa

2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part I: Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ocean mixed layer response to a tropical cyclone within and immediately adjacent to the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current is examined. In the first of a two-part study, a comprehensive set of temperature, salinity, and current profiles acquired from ...

Eric W. Uhlhorn; Lynn K. Shay

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Variation resilient low-power circuit design methodology using on-chip phase locked loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a variation resilient circuit design technique for maintaining parametric yield of design under inherent variation in process parameters. We propose to utilize on-chip phase locked loop (PLL) as a sensor to detect process, VDD, ... Keywords: NBTI, PLL, process variation, system reliability

Kunhyuk Kang; Keejong Kim; Kaushik Roy

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The Influence of Loop Current Position on Winter Sea Surface Temperatures in the Florida Straits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Influences of the Gulf of Mexico's Loop Current (LC) position on the sea surface temperature (SST) in the Florida Straits (FS) during the winter season are investigated. Satellite-derived SST data are analyzed on the basis of the LC configuration (...

Johna E. Rudzin; Steven L. Morey; Mark A. Bourassa; Shawn R. Smith

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hardware-in-the-loop testing of wireless systems in realistic environments.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes an approach for testing of wireless systems in realistic environments that include intentional as well as unintentional radio frequency interference. In the approach, signal generators along with radio channel simulators are used to carry out hardware-in-the-loop testing. The channel parameters are obtained independently via channel sounding measurements and/or EM simulations.

Burkholder, R. J. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory); Mariano, Robert J.; Gupta, I. J. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory); Schniter, P. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory)

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Distributed digital processing and closed loop computer control of wastewater treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of digital computer control to municipal wastewater treatment processes is steadily gaining popularity. Within the next few years this mode of control is expected to become a standard feature of larger wastewater treatment plants. The ... Keywords: Closed loop systems, PID control, computer application, computer control, digital control, direct digital control, ecology, feedback, feedforward, water pollution

Bipin Mishra

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Gravitational Waves from Light Cosmic Strings: Backgrounds and Bursts with Large Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean spectrum and burst statistics of gravitational waves produced by a cosmological population of cosmic string loops are estimated using analytic approximations, calibrated with earlier simulations. Formulas are derived showing the dependence of observables on the string tension, in the regime where newly-formed loops are relatively large, not very much smaller than the horizon. Large loops form earlier, are more abundant, and generate a more intense stochastic background and more frequent bursts than assumed in earlier background estimates, enabling experiments to probe lighter cosmic strings of interest to string theory. Predictions are compared with instrument noise from current and future experiments, and with confusion noise from known astrophysical gravitational wave sources such as stellar and massive black hole binaries. In these large-loop models, current data from millisecond pulsar timing already suggests that the tension is less than about $10^{-10}$, a typical value expected in strings from brane inflation. LISA will be sensitive to stochastic backgrounds created by strings as light as $G\\mu\\approx 10^{-15}$, at frequencies where it is limited by confusion noise of Galactic stellar populations; however, for those lightest detectable strings, bursts are rarely detectable.

Craig J. Hogan

2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

357

Liquid Lead-Bismuth Materials Test Loop Valentina Tcharnotskaia, Curtt Ammerman, Timothy Darling, Joe King,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is connected to the main loop piping via a globe valve. This valve can regulate the flow through the gas the gas injection and regulation system. We will calibrate the Magnetic Flow Meter. Next heating rates.84GPM. Liquid LBE flow can be activated by a mechanical sump pump or by natural convection. In order

McDonald, Kirk

358

A Precise Open-Loop Torque Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Precise Open-Loop Torque Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM@lea.upb.de Abstract-Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are preferentially chosen as traction drives. INTRODUCTION Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) provide high power and torque densities

Noé, Reinhold

359

Improving Water Loop Heat Pump Performance by Using Low Temperature Geothermal Fluid  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Water-loop heat pump (WLHP) systems are an important option for space conditioning of commercial buildings. They provide the opportunity of saving energy through heat recovery and thermal balancing when heating and cooling occur simultaneously. WLHP systems typically operate with loop water temperature between 16 C and 32 C. When cooling loads dominate, loop water temperatures are maintained below 32 C by rejecting excess heat with a cooling tower. When heating dominates, loop water temperatures are maintained above 16 C by a heater input. The capacity and efficiency of water-source heat pumps (WSHP) in both operating modes are strong functions of the inlet water temperature. The emphasis of this paper is on the analysis of system performances, energy savings of the mixed cooling and heating mode of the WLHP systems for it is a unique operating mode in the air-conditioning and space heating systems. The energy saving effect by using low temperature geothermal as the heat input for WLHP systems was examined.

Xinguo, Li

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Charge Detection in a Closed-Loop Aharonov-Bohm Interferometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a study of complementarity in a two-terminal "closed-loop" Aharonov-Bohm interferometer. In this interferometer, the simple picture of two-path interference cannot be applied. We introduce a nearby quantum point contact to detect the electron in a quantum dot inserted in the interferometer. We found that charge detection reduces but does not completely suppress the interference even in the limit of perfect detection. We attribute this phenomenon to the unique nature of the closed-loop interferometer. That is, the closed-loop interferometer cannot be simply regarded as a two-path interferometer because of multiple reflections of electrons. As a result, there exist indistinguishable paths of the electron in the interferometer and the interference survives even in the limit of perfect charge detection. This implies that charge detection is not equivalent to path detection in a closed-loop interferometer. We also discuss the phase rigidity of the transmission probability for a two-terminal conductor in the presence of a detector.

Gyong Luck Khym; Kicheon Kang

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Coupled hydrodynamic-structural analysis of an integral flowing sodium test loop in the TREAT reactor  

SciTech Connect

A hydrodynamic-structural response analysis of the Mark-IICB loop was performed for the TREAT (Transient Reactor Test Facility) test AX-1. Test AX-1 is intended to provide information concerning the potential for a vapor explosion in an advanced-fueled LMFBR. The test will be conducted in TREAT with unirradiated uranium-carbide fuel pins in the Mark-IICB integral flowing sodium loop. Our analysis addressed the ability of the experimental hardware to maintain its containment integrity during the reference accident postulated for the test. Based on a thermal-hydraulics analysis and assumptions for fuel-coolant interaction in the test section, a pressure pulse of 144 MPa maximum pressure and pulse width of 1.32 ms has been calculated as the reference accident. The response of the test loop to the pressure transient was obtained with the ICEPEL and STRAW codes. Modelling of the test section was completed with STRAW and the remainder of the loop was modelled by ICEPEL.

Zeuch, W.R.; A-Moneim, M.T.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Motor Modeling and Position Control Lab Week 3: Closed Loop Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor Modeling and Position Control Lab Week 3: Closed Loop Control 1. Review In the first week of motor modeling lab, a mathematical model of a DC motor from first principles was derived to obtain specifically for this motor model. In the second week, a physical DC motor (Quanser SRV-02) was used for open

Krovi, Venkat

363

Hydrogen-bond driven loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Characterization of the length dependence of end-to-end loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains provides an understanding of early steps in protein folding. Here, loop-closure in poly-glycine-serine peptides is investigated by combining single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy with molecular dynamics simulation. For chains containing more than 10 peptide bonds loop-closing rate constants on the 20-100 nanosecond time range exhibit a power-law length dependence. However, this scaling breaks down for shorter peptides, which exhibit slower kinetics arising from a perturbation induced by the dye reporter system used in the experimental setup. The loop-closure kinetics in the longer peptides is found to be determined by the formation of intra-peptide hydrogen bonds and transient beta-sheet structure, that accelerate the search for contacts among residues distant in sequence relative to the case of a polypeptide chain in which hydrogen bonds cannot form. Hydrogen-bond-driven polypeptide-chain collapse in unfolded peptides under physiological conditions found here is not only consistent with hierarchical models of protein folding, that highlights the importance of secondary structure formation early in the folding process, but is also shown to speed up the search for productive folding events.

Daidone, Isabella [University of Heidelberg; Neuweiler, H [University of Heidelberg; Doose, S [University of Heidelberg; Sauer, M [University of Heidelberg; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A Comment on the calculation of the Lie algebra cocycle in the book Loop Groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An expression for the Lie algebra cocycle corresponding to the central extension of the group GLres(H) is derived in the book Loop Groups [1]. It will be shown in this paper that some of the terms in this expression are ambiguous and in order to be evaluated correctly the trace operation must be properly defined.

Dan Solomon

2013-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

365

Magnetic Bianchi type II string cosmological model in loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The loop quantum cosmology of the Bianchi type II string cosmological model in the presence of a homogeneous magnetic field is studied. We present the effective equations which provide modifications to the classical equations of motion due to quantum effects. The numerical simulations confirm that the big bang singularity is resolved by quantum gravity effects.

Victor Rikhvitsky; Bijan Saha; Mihai Visinescu

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

366

Pollution Reduction System that Generates Profits (Cascading Closed Loop Cycle - CCLC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOW Energy Inc. (WOW) recently received notification from the patent office that its patent claims for the Cascading Closed Loop Cycle (CCLC) were valid for converting waste heat to electricity in a process using standard off-the-shelf components. These c

Stinger, D. H.; Mian, F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND A PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON START-UP INSTABILITIES IN AN R-11 THERMOSIPHON LOOP WITH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refrigeration system include: (1) absence of moving parts leading to a more reliable system operation, 1 Current, with the addition of a liquid circulating pump in a thermosiphon loop, higher heat transfer coefficients associated loop transfers heat from a hot source to a cold sink through the evaporation and condensation

Kandlikar, Satish

368

Acetylation of MEK2 and I B kinase (IKK) activation loop residues by YopJ inhibits signaling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acetylation of MEK2 and I B kinase (IKK) activation loop residues by YopJ inhibits signaling Rohit modifi- cation prevents the phosphorylation of these serine residues that is required for activation residue in the activation loop of both the and subunits of the NF- B pathway kinase, IKK. These results

McMahon, Harvey

369

SU(N) group-theory constraints on color-ordered five-point amplitudes at all loop orders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Color-ordered amplitudes for the scattering of n particles in the adjoint representation of SU(N) gauge theory satisfy constraints arising solely from group theory. We derive these constraints for n=5 at all loop orders using an iterative approach. These constraints generalize well-known tree-level and one-loop group theory relations.

Alexander C. Edison; Stephen G. Naculich

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

370

SU(N) group-theory constraints on color-ordered five-point amplitudes at all loop orders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Color-ordered amplitudes for the scattering of n particles in the adjoint representation of SU(N) gauge theory satisfy constraints arising solely from group theory. We derive these constraints for n=5 at all loop orders using an iterative approach. These constraints generalize well-known tree-level and one-loop group theory relations.

Edison, Alexander C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Emergence of Self-Replicating Loops in an Interactive, Hardware-Implemented Game-of-Life Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the design of an interactive self-replicating loop, wherein the user can physically induce the loop's creation and then control its replication and destruction. After introducing the BioWall, a reconfigurable electronic wall for bio-inspired ...

Andr Stauffer; Moshe Sipper

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

On the Elimination of Reactive Element Loops and the Useof Special Approximations in the Design of OTA-C Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Loops of reactive elements in passive filters cause a series of problems in OTA-C simulations of these structures. These loops can be eliminated in a systematic way by the procedures described in the paper. The use of special approximations in the ... Keywords: OTA-C filters, approximation, filters

Antonio Carlos M. De Queiroz; Luiz P. Caloba

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS FOR A SOLAR ACTIVE REGION FAN LOOP FROM HINODE/EIS OBSERVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The velocity pattern of a fan loop structure within a solar active region over the temperature range 0.15-1.5 MK is derived using data from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board the Hinode satellite. The loop is aligned toward the observer's line of sight and shows downflows (redshifts) of around 15 km s{sup -1} up to a temperature of 0.8 MK, but for temperatures of 1.0 MK and above the measured velocity shifts are consistent with no net flow. This velocity result applies over a projected spatial distance of 9 Mm and demonstrates that the cooler, redshifted plasma is physically disconnected from the hotter, stationary plasma. A scenario in which the fan loops consist of at least two groups of 'strands'-one cooler and downflowing, the other hotter and stationary-is suggested. The cooler strands may represent a later evolutionary stage of the hotter strands. A density diagnostic of Mg VII was used to show that the electron density at around 0.8 MK falls from 3.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3} at the loop base, to 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} cm{sup -3} at a projected height of 15 Mm. A filling factor of 0.2 is found at temperatures close to the formation temperature of Mg VII (0.8 MK), confirming that the cooler, downflowing plasma occupies only a fraction of the apparent loop volume. The fan loop is rooted within a so-called outflow region that displays low intensity and blueshifts of up to 25 km s{sup -1} in Fe XII {lambda}195.12 (formed at 1.5 MK), in contrast to the loop's redshifts of 15 km s{sup -1} at 0.8 MK. A new technique for obtaining an absolute wavelength calibration for the EIS instrument is presented and an instrumental effect, possibly related to a distorted point-spread function, that affects velocity measurements is identified.

Young, P. R. [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); O'Dwyer, B.; Mason, H. E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Evolution of the Loop-Top Source of Solar Flares--Heating and Cooling Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the spatial and spectral evolution of the loop-top (LT) sources in a sample of 6 flares near the solar limb observed by {\\it RHESSI}. A distinct coronal source, which we identify as the LT source, was seen in each of these flares from the early ``pre-heating'' phase through the late decay phase. Spectral analyses reveal an evident steep power-law component in the pre-heating and impulsive phases, suggesting that the particle acceleration starts upon the onset of the flares. In the late decay phase the LT source has a thermal spectrum and appears to be confined within a small region near the top of the flare loop, and does not spread throughout the loop, as is observed at lower energies. The total energy of this source decreases usually faster than expected from the radiative cooling but much slower than that due to the classical Spitzer conductive cooling along the flare loop. These results indicate the presence of a distinct LT region, where the thermal conductivity is suppressed significantly and/or there is a continuous energy input. We suggest that plasma wave turbulence could play important roles in both heating the plasma and suppressing the conduction during the decay phase of solar flares. With a simple quasi-steady loop model we show that the energy input in the gradual phase can be comparable to that in the impulsive phase and demonstrate how the observed cooling and confinement of the LT source can be used to constrain the wave-particle interaction.

Yan Wei Jiang; Siming Liu; Wei Liu; Vahe Petrosian

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

375

Frequency multiplexed flux locked loop architecture providing an array of DC SQUIDS having both shared and unshared components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Architecture for frequency multiplexing multiple flux locked loops in a system comprising an array of DC SQUID sensors. The architecture involves dividing the traditional flux locked loop into multiple unshared components and a single shared component which, in operation, form a complete flux locked loop relative to each DC SQUID sensor. Each unshared flux locked loop component operates on a different flux modulation frequency. The architecture of the present invention allows a reduction from 2N to N+1 in the number of connections between the cryogenic DC SQUID sensors and their associated room temperature flux locked loops. Furthermore, the 1.times.N architecture of the present invention can be paralleled to form an M.times.N array architecture without increasing the required number of flux modulation frequencies.

Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

DIRECT CONTACT HEAT EXCHANGER 10 kW POWER LOOP. SECTION 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. SECTION 2: TEST SERIES NO. 1. SECTION 3; TEST SERIES NO. 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Contact Heat Exchanger . . . . . . . . . .DIRECT CONTACT HEAT EXCHANGER TEST LOOP . . . . . . . . TestCALIBRATION . CONVENTIONAL HEAT EXCHANGER . . . Subcritical

Engineering, Barber-Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Non-equilibrium of Ionization and the Detection of Hot Plasma in Nanoflare-heated Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impulsive nanoflares are expected to transiently heat the plasma confined in coronal loops to temperatures of the order of 10 MK. Such hot plasma is hardly detected in quiet and active regions, outside flares. During rapid and short heat pulses in rarified loops the plasma can be highly out of equilibrium of ionization. Here we investigate the effects of the non-equilibrium of ionization (NEI) on the detection of hot plasma in coronal loops. Time-dependent loop hydrodynamic simulations are specifically devoted to this task, including saturated thermal conduction, and coupled to the detailed solution of the equations of ionization rate for several abundant elements. In our simulations, initially cool and rarified magnetic flux tubes are heated to 10 MK by nanoflares deposited either at the footpoints or at the loop apex. We test for different pulse durations, and find that, due to NEI effects, the loop plasma may never be detected at temperatures above ~5 MK for heat pulses shorter than about 1 min. We discuss some implications in the framework of multi-stranded nanoflare-heated coronal loops.

Fabio Reale; Salvatore Orlando

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

378

CORONAL LOOP OSCILLATIONS OBSERVED WITH ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY-KINK MODE WITH CROSS-SECTIONAL AND DENSITY OSCILLATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of a coronal loop oscillation event is presented, using data from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) for the first time. The loop oscillation event occurred on 2010 October 16, 19:05-19:35 UT and was triggered by an M2.9 GOES-class flare, located inside a highly inclined cone of a narrow-angle coronal mass ejection. This oscillation event had a number of unusual features: (1) excitation of kink-mode oscillations in vertical polarization (in the loop plane), (2) coupled cross-sectional and density oscillations with identical periods, (3) no detectable kink amplitude damping over the observed duration of four kink-mode periods (P=6.3 minutes), (4) multi-loop oscillations with slightly ({approx}10%) different periods, and (5) a relatively cool loop temperature of T {approx} 0.5 MK. We employ a novel method of deriving the electron density ratio external and internal to the oscillating loop from the ratio of Alfvenic speeds deduced from the flare trigger delay and the kink-mode period, i.e., n{sub e} /n{sub i} = (v{sub A} /v{sub Ae}){sup 2} = 0.08 {+-} 0.01. The coupling of the kink mode and cross-sectional oscillations can be explained as a consequence of the loop length variation in the vertical polarization mode. We determine the exact footpoint locations and loop length with stereoscopic triangulation using STEREO/EUVI/A data. We model the magnetic field in the oscillating loop using Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager/SDO magnetogram data and a potential-field model and find agreement with the seismological value of the magnetic field, B{sub kink} = 4.0 {+-} 0.7 G, within a factor of two.

Aschwanden, Markus J.; Schrijver, Carolus J., E-mail: aschwanden@lmsal.com [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Closed-loop flow test Miravalles Geothermal Field well log results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE) conducted a closed-loop flow test in the Miravalles Geothermal Field. The closed-loop test was started in May and ran through August of 1990. The effluent from the production well PG-11 was carried by a pipeline through a monitor station to the injection well PG-2. Before starting the long-term flow test in May, cold-water injection experiments were performed in each well to determine the pressure and temperature response. A series of downhole measurements were made in each well to obtain background information. The downhole measurements were repeated in August just before terminating the flow test to evaluate the results.

Dennis, B.; Eden, G.; Lawton, R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Large Scale Soft X-ray Loops And Their Magnetic Chirality In Both Hemispheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic chirality in solar atmosphere has been studied based on the soft X-ray and magnetic field observations. It is found that some of large-scale twisted soft X-ray loop systems occur for several months in the solar atmosphere, before the disappearance of the corresponding background large-scale magnetic field. It provides the observational evidence of the helicity of the large-scale magnetic field in the solar atmosphere and the reverse one relative to the helicity rule in both hemispheres with solar cycles. The transfer of the magnetic helicity from the subatmosphere is consistent with the formation of large-scale twisted soft X-ray loops in the both solar hemispheres.

Zhang, Hongqi; Gao, Yu; Su, Jiangtao; Sokoloff, D D; Kuzanyan, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Gluon Regge trajectory at two loops from Lipatov's high energy effective action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the derivation of the two-loop gluon Regge trajectory using Lipatov's high energy effective action and a direct evaluation of Feynman diagrams. Using a gauge invariant regularization of high energy divergences by deforming the light-cone vectors of the effective action, we determine the two-loop self-energy of the reggeized gluon, after computing the master integrals involved using the Mellin-Barnes representations technique. The self-energy is further matched to QCD through a recently proposed subtraction prescription. The Regge trajectory of the gluon is then defined through renormalization of the reggeized gluon propagator with respect to high energy divergences. Our result is in agreement with previous computations in the literature, providing a non-trivial test of the effective action and the proposed subtraction and renormalization framework.

Chachamis, G; Madrigal, J D; Vera, A Sabio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

SDG and E and ERDA Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Bimonthly report, March-April 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility was shut down in March, 1977, for the refurbishment of the facility and the injection well. Heavy scaling, which occurred in the facility brine systems as well as in the injection well, necessitated periodic plant shutdowns and cleanings. Various means of scale cleaning and controls were accomplished and evaluated for cost effectiveness. Initial indications showed that operations were satisfactory. Initial operational stability, and heat and mass balance testing of the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility (GLEF) were accomplished. Operational stability was demonstrated but heat and mass balance test data were not satisfactory primarily due to off design facility operation. Testing was also hampered by pump failures, injection strainer cleaning difficulties and instrumentation problems.

Bishop, H.K.; Bricarello, J.R.; Enos, F.L.; Hodgdon, N.C.; Jacobson, W.O.; Li, K.K.; Swanson, C.R.

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

TRUEX Radiolysis Testing Using the INL Radiolysis Test Loop: FY-2012 Status Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The INL radiolysis test loop has been used to evaluate the affect of radiolytic degradation upon the efficacy of the strip section of the TRUEX flowsheet for the recovery of trivalent actinides and lanthanides from acidic solution. The nominal composition of the TRUEX solvent used in this study is 0.2 M CMPO and 1.4 M TBP dissolved in n-dodecane and the nominal composition of the TRUEX strip solution is 1.5 M lactic acid and 0.050 M diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid. Gamma irradiation of a mixture of TRUEX process solvent and stripping solution in the test loop does not adversely impact flowsheet performance as measured by stripping americium ratios. The observed increase in americium stripping distribution ratios with increasing absorbed dose indicates the radiolytic production of organic soluble degradation compounds.

Dean R. Peterman; Lonnie G. Olson; Richard D. Tillotson; Rocklan G. McDowell; Jack D. Law

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Fermion mass at next-to-leading order in the hard thermal loop effective theory  

SciTech Connect

The calculation of the real part of a quasiparticle dispersion relation at next-to-leading order in the hard thermal loop effective theory is a very difficult problem. Even though the hard thermal loop effective theory is almost 20 years old, there is only one next-to-leading order calculation of the real part of a quasiparticle dispersion relation in the literature [H. Schulz, Nucl. Phys. B413, 353 (1994)]. In this paper, we calculate the fermion mass in QED and QCD at next-to-leading order. For QED the result is M=eT/{radical}(8)(1-(1.427{+-}0.02)e/4{pi}) and for QCD with N{sub f}=2 and N{sub c}=3 we obtain M=gT/{radical}(6)(1+(1.867{+-}0.02)g/4{pi})

Carrington, M. E.; Gynther, A.; Pickering, D. [Department of Physics, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, R7A 6A9 (Canada) and Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Department of Mathematics, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, R7A 6A9 (Canada)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Long Term Geothermal Heat Pump System Ground Loop Heat Exchanger Performance: Field Data from a Quick Service Restaurant Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes measured long-term performance of the ground loop heat exchanger in a geothermal heat pump system in a McDonald's Quick Service Restaurant located in Westland near Detroit, Michigan. Heat build-up in the soil around the heat exchanger over a long period of time has always been a concern, but only limited data has been available in the past. The gradual increase in the return loop temperature over a period of five years is evidence of the heat built up in the ground loop field, whic...

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

386

UV-divergences of Wilson Loops for Gauge/Gravity Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the structure of the UV divergences of the Wilson loop for a general gauge/gravity duality. We find that, due to the presence of a nontrivial NSNS B-field and metric, new divergences that cannot be subtracted out by the conventional Legendre transform may arise. We also derive conditions on the B-field and the metric, which when satisfied, the leading UV divergence will become linear, and can be cancelled out by choosing the boundary condition of the string appropriately. Our results, together with the recent result of arXiv:0807.5127, where the effect of a nontrivial dilaton on the structure of UV divergences in Wilson loop is analysed, allow us to conclude that Legendre transform is at best capable of cancelling the linear UV divergences arising from the area of the worldsheet, but is incapable to handle the divergences associated with the dilaton or the B-field in general. We also solve the conditions for the cancellation of the leading linear divergences generally and find that many well-known supergravity backgrounds are of these kinds, including examples such as the Sakai-Sugimoto QCD model or N=1 duality with Sasaki-Einstein spaces. We also point out that Wilson loop in the Klebanov-Strassler background have a divergence associated with the B-field which cannot be cancelled away with the Legendre transform. Finally we end with some comments on the form of the Wilson loop operator in the ABJM superconformal Chern-Simons theory.

Chong-Sun Chu; Dimitrios Giataganas

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

One-loop fluctuation-dissipation formula for bubble-wall velocity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The limiting bubble wall velocity during a first-order electroweak phase transition is of interest in scenarios for electroweak baryogenesis. Khlebnikov has recently proposed an interesting method for computing this velocity based on the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. It is demonstrated that at one-loop order this method is identical to simple, earlier techniques for computing the wall velocity based on computing the friction from particles reflecting off or transmitting through the wall in the ideal gas limit.

Arnold, P.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Program on Technology Innovation: Modeling of Single-Well Closed-Loop Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs) include one production well and one injection well to use hydrothermal resources to generate electricity. However, the high initial cost of drilling EGS wells is one of the main factors that hurt its competitiveness with other energy sources. The single-well closed-loop EGS (SWCLEGS) is a new type of geothermal power generation technology that aims to eliminate the need for natural hydrothermal resources with a relatively low drilling cost. The objective of...

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

389

The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

SciTech Connect

Commercial buildings often have extensive periods where one space needs cooling and another heating. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If a building's heating and cooling system could be integrated with the building's structural mass such that the mass can be used to collect, store, and deliver energy, significant energy might be saved. Computer models were developed to simulate this interaction for an existing office building in Seattle, Washington that has a decentralized water-source heat pump system. Metered data available for the building was used to calibrate a base'' building model (i.e., nonintegrated) prior to simulation of the integrated system. In the simulated integration strategy a secondary water loop was manifolded to the main HVAC hydronic loop. tubing in this loop was embedded in the building's concrete floor slabs. Water was routed to this loop by a controller to charge or discharge thermal energy to and from the slabs. The slabs were also in thermal communication with the conditioned spaces. Parametric studies of the building model, using weather data for five other cities in addition to Seattle, predicted that energy can be saved on cooling dominated days. On hot, dry days and during the night the cooling tower can beneficially be used as a free cooling'' source for thermally charging'' the floor slabs using cooled water. Through the development of an adaptive/predictive control strategy, annual HVAC energy savings as large as 30% appear to be possible in certain climates. 8 refs., 13 figs.

Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Tailoring anisotropic magnetoresistance and giant magnetoresistance hysteresis loops with spin-polarized current injection  

SciTech Connect

Current pulses were injected into magnetic nanowires. Their effect on the magnetoresistance hysteresis loops was studied for three morphologies: homogeneous Ni wires, copper wires containing five cobalt/copper bilayers, and hybrid structures composed of a homogeneous Ni half wire and a multilayered Co/Cu half wire. The characteristic features of the action of the current on the magnetization are shown and discussed. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Wegrowe, J.-E.; Kelly, D.; Hoffer, X.; Guittienne, Ph.; Ansermet, J.-Ph.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Small magnetic loops connecting the quiet surface and the hot outer atmosphere of the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sunspots are the most spectacular manifestation of solar magnetism, yet, 99% of the solar surface remains 'quiet' at any time of the solar cycle. The quiet sun is not void of magnetic fields, though; they are organized at smaller spatial scales and evolve relatively fast, which makes them difficult to detect. Thus, although extensive quiet Sun magnetism would be a natural driver to a uniform, steady heating of the outer solar atmosphere, it is not clear what the physical processes involved would be due to lack of observational evidence. We report the topology and dynamics of the magnetic field in very quiet regions of the Sun from spectropolarimetric observations of the Hinode satellite, showing a continuous injection of magnetic flux with a well organized topology of Omega-loop from below the solar surface into the upper layers. At first stages, when the loop travels across the photosphere, it has a flattened (staple-like) geometry and a mean velocity ascent of $\\sim3$ km/s. When the loop crosses the minimum...

Gonzalez, M J Martinez; Ramos, A Asensio; Rubio, L R Bellot

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Dynamic performance of packed-bed dehumidifiers: experimental results from the SERI desiccant test loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discussed are the design and construction of a desiccant test loop and results of tests with a silica-gel-packed bed. The test loop consists of two centrifugal fans, two duct heaters, a steam humidifier, 24.4m (80 ft) of 30-cm (12-in.) circular duct, instrumentation, and a test section. The loop is capable of testing adsorption and desorption modes at flow rates up to 0.340 kg/s (600 scfm) and at regeneration temperatures up to 120/sup 0/C (248/sup 0/F). Tests of a 74-cm(29-in.)-diameter, 3.2-cm(1.25-in.)-thick silica gel bed indicated that mass transfer occurs more readily in the adsorption direction than in the desorption direction. Pressure drop data indicated that the resistance of each of the two screens that hold the silica gel in place was equivalent to 2.5-cm(1-in.) of silica gel due to plugging. Results of the tests were also used to validate a SERI desiccant computer model, DESSIM.

Kutscher, C F; Barlow, R S

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

PROPAGATING SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC WAVES IN CORONAL LOOPS OBSERVED BY HINODE/EIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer observations of 5 minute quasi-periodic oscillations detected in a transition-region line (He II) and five coronal lines (Fe X, Fe XII, Fe XIII, Fe XIV, and Fe XV) at the footpoint of a coronal loop. The oscillations exist throughout the whole observation, characterized by a series of wave packets with nearly constant period, typically persisting for 4-6 cycles with a lifetime of 20-30 minutes. There is an approximate in-phase relation between Doppler shift and intensity oscillations. This provides evidence for slow magnetoacoustic waves propagating upward from the transition region into the corona. We find that the oscillations detected in the five coronal lines are highly correlated, and the amplitude decreases with increasing temperature. The amplitude of Doppler shift oscillations decrease by a factor of about 3, while that of relative intensity decreases by a factor of about 4 from Fe X to Fe XV. These oscillations may be caused by the leakage of the photospheric p-modes through the chromosphere and transition region into the corona, which has been suggested as the source for intensity oscillations previously observed by Transition Region and Coronal Explorer. The temperature dependence of the oscillation amplitudes can be explained by damping of the waves traveling along the loop with multithread structure near the footpoint. Thus, this property may have potential value for coronal seismology in diagnostic of temperature structure in a coronal loop.

Wang, T. J.; Ofman, L. [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Davila, J. M. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)], E-mail: wangtj@helio.gsfc.nasa.gov

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

394

Impulsive magnetic pulsations and electrojets in the loop footpoint driven by the fast reconnection jet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that magnetic pulsations of long periods impulsively occur in accordance with the sudden onset of geomagnetic substorms and drastic enhancement of electrojets in the ionosphere. On the basis of the spontaneous fast reconnection model, the present paper examines the physical mechanism by which both magnetic pulsations and strong electrojets are impulsively driven by the fast (Alfvenic) reconnection jet. When a large-scale plasmoid [or traveling compression region (TCR)], directly caused by the fast reconnection jet, collides with the magnetic loop footpoint, strong electrojets are impulsively driven in a finite extent in the loop footpoint in accordance with the evolution of the current wedge and the generator current circuit. Simultaneously, magnetohydrodynamic (Alfven) waves, accompanied by the TCR, are reflected from the electrojet layer, leading to impulsive magnetic pulsations ahead of the loop footpoint because of the interaction (or resonance) between the reflected waves and the waves traveling toward the footpoint. The pulsations propagate outward in all directions from the source region of the wave reflection, and the pulsation periods are typically estimated to be of several tens of seconds.

Ugai, M. [Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Shock Speed, Cosmic Ray Pressure, and Gas Temperature in the Cygnus Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper limits on the shock speeds in supernova remnants can be combined with post-shock temperatures to obtain upper limits on the ratio of cosmic ray to gas pressure (P_CR / P_G) behind the shocks. We constrain shock speeds from proper motions and distance estimates, and we derive temperatures from X-ray spectra. The shock waves are observed as faint H-alpha filaments stretching around the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant in two epochs of the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS) separated by 39.1 years. We measured proper motions of 18 non-radiative filaments and derived shock velocity limits based on a limit to the Cygnus Loop distance of 576 +/- 61 pc given by Blair et al. for a background star. The PSPC instrument on-board ROSAT observed the X-ray emission of the post-shock gas along the perimeter of the Cygnus Loop, and we measure post-shock electron temperature from spectral fits. Proper motions range from 2.7 arcseconds to 5.4 arcseconds over the POSS epochs and post-shock temperatures range from kT ~ 100...

Salvesen, Greg; Edgar, Richard J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

An Innovative Hybrid Loop-Pool Design for Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The existing sodium cooled fast reactors (SFR) have two types of designs loop type and pool type. In the loop type design, such as JOYO (Japan) [1] and MONJU (Japan), the primary coolant is circulated through intermediate heat exchangers (IHX) external to the reactor tank. The major advantages of loop design include compactness and easy maintenance. The disadvantage is higher possibility of sodium leakage. In the pool type design such as EBR-II (USA), BN-600M(Russia), Superphnix (France) and European Fast Reactor [2], the reactor core, primary pumps, IHXs and direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS) heat exchangers (DHX) all are immersed in a pool of sodium coolant within the reactor vessel, making a loss of primary coolant extremely unlikely. However, the pool type design makes primary system large. In the latest ANLs Advanced Burner Test Reactor (ABTR) design [3], the primary system is configured in a pool-type arrangement. The hot sodium at core outlet temperature in hot pool is separated from the cold sodium at core inlet temperature in cold pool by a single integrated structure called Redan. Redan provides the exchange of the hot sodium from hot pool to cold pool through IHXs. The IHXs were chosen as the traditional tube-shell design. This type of IHXs is large in size and hence large reactor vessel is needed.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

ON THE POLARIMETRIC SIGNATURE OF EMERGING MAGNETIC LOOPS IN THE QUIET SUN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The abundance of Stokes V profiles dominated by one lobe at the locations of emergence of {Omega}-shaped magnetic loops is evaluated. The emergence events were found in Hinode Solar Optical Telescope/spectro-polarimeter time sequences of quiet-Sun regions. Such a study has the aim of confirming a prediction based on the basic geometrical and physical properties of emerging magnetic loops: Stokes V profiles dominated by one lobe are possibly the main polarimetric signature of these structures. In agreement with this prediction, 47% of the Stokes V profiles analyzed have an amplitude asymmetry |{delta}a| > 0.3, while in the quiet Sun the abundance is of about 30%. This excess with respect to the quiet Sun is found consistently for any value of the threshold on the amplitude asymmetry. Such a result proves the goodness of the physical scenarios so far proposed for the interpretation of loop emergence events and may prompt the use of Stokes V profiles dominated by one lobe as a new proxy for their identification in observations with a good spectral sampling.

Viticchie, B., E-mail: Bartolomeo.Viticchie@esa.int [ESA/ESTEC RSSD, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk (Netherlands)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

398

Integrated dynamic and simulation model on coupled closed-loop workstation capacity controls in a multi-workstation production system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a dynamic model coupled with a simulation model is introduced to control a multi-workstation production system such that a given performance measure is achieved. In particular, we consider closed loop capacity controls for regulating WIP ...

Tao Wu; Leyuan Shi; Benjamin Quirt; N. A. Duffie

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Design of an experimental loop for post-LOCA heat transfer regimes in a Gas-cooled Fast Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this thesis is to design an experimental thermal-hydraulic loop capable of generating accurate, reliable data in various convection heat transfer regimes for use in the formulation of a comprehensive convection ...

Cochran, Peter A. (Peter Andrew)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

STUDY OF TRANSIENT BEHAVIOR OF THE EVAPORATOR OF THE MICRO LOOP HEAT PIPE AND MODIFICATIONS TO THE EXISTING GLOBAL MODEL.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Micro Loop Heat Pipe (LHP) is a self-circulating cooling device with extremely high thermal conductivity where heat is removed by phase change and the (more)

PONUGOTI, PRIYANKA

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Air Mass Modification over the Eastern Gulf of Mexico as a Function of Surface Wind Fields and Loop Current Position  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of surface wind patterns and Loop Current position on surface distributions of latent and sensible heat fluxes in the eastern Gulf of Mexico are demonstrated. Mean monthly fields of thew fluxes computed from data collected during ...

Robert L. Molinari

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Demonstration Development Project: Evaluation of a Test Loop to Demonstrate Handling Properties of Liquid CO2-Coal Slurry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants employing liquid CO2 in lieu of water as the slurrying medium to feed coal to the gasifier are a promising option for carbon capture and storage (CCS). This report summarizes the design and cost estimate for a proposed CO2-coal slurry test loop system. The objective is to validate a cost estimate for the construction of a full scale CO2-coal slurry test loop and aid in technical aspects of working with ...

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

403

Advanced Intermediate Heat Transport Loop Design Configurations for Hydrogen Production Using High Temperature Nuclear Reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy is investigating the use of high-temperature nuclear reactors to produce hydrogen using either thermochemical cycles or high-temperature electrolysis. Although the hydrogen production processes are in an early stage of development, coupling either of these processes to the high-temperature reactor requires both efficient heat transfer and adequate separation of the facilities to assure that off-normal events in the production facility do not impact the nuclear power plant. An intermediate heat transport loop will be required to separate the operations and safety functions of the nuclear and hydrogen plants. A next generation high-temperature reactor could be envisioned as a single-purpose facility that produces hydrogen or a dual-purpose facility that produces hydrogen and electricity. Early plants, such as the proposed Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP), may be dual-purpose facilities that demonstrate both hydrogen and efficient electrical generation. Later plants could be single-purpose facilities. At this stage of development, both single- and dual-purpose facilities need to be understood. A number of possible configurations for a system that transfers heat between the nuclear reactor and the hydrogen and/or electrical generation plants were identified. These configurations included both direct and indirect cycles for the production of electricity. Both helium and liquid salts were considered as the working fluid in the intermediate heat transport loop. Methods were developed to perform thermal-hydraulic evaluations and cycle-efficiency evaluations of the different configurations and coolants. The thermal-hydraulic evaluations estimated the sizes of various components in the intermediate heat transport loop for the different configurations. The relative sizes of components provide a relative indication of the capital cost associated with the various configurations. Estimates of the overall cycle efficiency of the various configurations were also determined. The evaluations determined which configurations and coolants are the most promising from thermal-hydraulic and efficiency points of view.

Chang Oh; Cliff Davis; Rober Barner; Paul Pickard

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hydrogen and electricity from coal with carbon dioxide separation using chemical looping reactors  

SciTech Connect

Concern about global climate change has led to research on low CO{sub 2} emission in the process of the energy conversion of fossil fuel. One of the solutions is the conversion of fossil fuel into carbon-free energy carriers, hydrogen, and electricity with CO{sub 2} capture and storage. In this paper, the main purpose is to investigate the thermodynamics performance of converting coal to a hydrogen and electricity system with chemical-looping reactors and to explore the influences of operating parameters on the system performance. Using FeO/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} as an oxygen carrier, we propose a carbon-free coproduction system of hydrogen and electricity with chemical-looping reactors. The performance of the new system is simulated using ASPEN PLUS software tool. The influences of the chemical-looping reactor's temperature, steam conversion rate, and O{sub 2}/coal quality ratio on the system performance, and the exergy performance are discussed. The results show that a high-purity of H{sub 2} (99.9%) is reached and that CO{sub 2} can be separated. The system efficiency is 57.85% assuming steam reactor at 815 C and the steam conversion rate 37%. The system efficiency is affected by the steam conversion rate, rising from 53.17 to 58.33% with the increase of the steam conversion rate from 28 to 41%. The exergy efficiency is 54.25% and the losses are mainly in the process of gasification and HRSG. 14 refs., 12 figs., 3 tabs.

Xiang Wenguo; Chen Yingying [Southeast University, Nanjing (China). Key Laboratory of Clean Coal Power Generation and Combustion Technology of Ministry of Education

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

R-parity violating two-loop level rainbowlike contribution to the fermion electric dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the two-loop level R-parity violating supersymmetric contribution to the electric and chromoelectric dipole moments of the fermion with neutrino and gaugino in the intermediate state. It is found that this contribution can be sufficiently enhanced with large tan {\\beta} and that it can have comparable size with the currently known R-parity violating Barr-Zee type process in the TeV scale supersymmetry breaking. We also give new limits on the R-parity violating couplings from the experimental data of the electric dipole moments of the neutron and the electron.

Nodoka Yamanaka

2012-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

Isolating Energized Line Segments by Opening Jumper Loops: General Guidelines and Selected Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A jumper is a conductor that is rated to carry full line (load plus capacitive charging) current and is installed to connect line spans on opposite sides of a deadend or a large angle structure. The jumper is installed on each phase of the line and operates at full line voltage. Interrupting a jumper loop consists of disconnecting at least one end of each jumper from the line conductors after the electrical load of the line has been reduced to zero, but the line remains energized. ...

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

407

SDG and E - ERDA Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Bi-monthly report, May 1975-August 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A description of the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility (GLEF) its construction problems, and a discussion of start-up testing are included. A history and description of the operation and maintenance with the brine injection pump for the facility are presented. The GLEF was divided into five separate sections: steam and condensate system, brine system, purge water system, vent gas system, and cooling water system. An insight into the chemistry of each system is provided by analysis of samples taken. Scaling and corrosion effects of brine, steam, gas, and water in these systems are described in detail. (MHR)

Bishop, H.K.; Bricarello, J.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Lombard, G.L.; Mulliner, D.K.; Swanson, C.R.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The cost of gauge coupling unification in the SU(5) model at three loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-supersymmetric SU(5) model can accommodate heavy neutrinos and gauge coupling unification when augmented with an adjoint fermionic multiplet 24_F. Among the most important phenomenological implications of the model is the prediction of light fermions and scalars, charged under the SU(2) gauge group, in the reach of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In this talk, we report on the recent calculation of the correlation function between the mass scale of the new electroweak multiplets and the gauge coupling unification scale at three loop accuracy.

L. Mihaila

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

409

Evaluation of cobalt sources in Westinghouse-designed three- and four-loop plants. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Sources of cobalt input in two typical Westinghouse-designed three- and four-loop plants are identified. Quantification of the sources was based on a detailed analysis of the construction materials. The best available information was used to establish the corrosion and wear release rates. This analysis concludes that approximately 70% of the cobalt input arises from corrosion release of Inconel steam generator tubing. Corrosion and wear of high-cobalt alloys account for about 25%. Recommendations are made concerning cobalt reduction options based on a cost-benefit analysis.

Bergmann, C.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Bosonic Loop Diagrams as Perturbative Solutions of the Classical Field Equations in $\\phi^4$-Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solutions of the classical $\\phi^4$-theory in Minkowski space-time are analyzed in a perturbation expansion in the nonlinearity. Using the language of Feynman diagrams, the solution of the Cauchy problem is expressed in terms of tree diagrams which involve the retarded Green's function and have one outgoing leg. In order to obtain general tree diagrams, we set up a "classical measurement process" in which a virtual observer of a scattering experiment modifies the field and detects suitable energy differences. By adding a classical stochastic background field, we even obtain all loop diagrams. The expansions are compared with the standard Feynman diagrams of the corresponding quantum field theory.

Finster, Felix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article addresses the issue of the closure of the algebra of constraints for generic (cosmological) perturbations when taking into account simultaneously the two main corrections of effective loop quantum cosmology, namely the holonomy and the inverse-volume terms. Previous works on either the holonomy or the inverse volume case are reviewed and generalized. In the inverse-volume case, we point out new possibilities. An anomaly-free solution including both corrections is found for perturbations, and the corresponding equations of motion are derived.

Thomas Cailleteau; Linda Linsefors; Aurelien Barrau

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

412

Free energy of static quarks and the renormalized Polyakov loop in full QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results from a detailed study of singlet free energies in full QCD with realistic quark masses. An improved scheme for the non-perturbative renormalization of the Polyakov loop is used and we compare its temperature dependence for QCD with different flavor content. We also analyze screening masses extracted from singlet free energies at various temperatures close to and above the QCD transition temperature. We conclude that the temperature dependence of screening masses is well described by perturbation theory up to a non-perturbative pre-factor. An effective running coupling has been determined for all temperature values giving additional insight into screening phenomena at high temperature.

K. Petrov; for the RBC-Bielefeld Collaboration

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

413

Capacity statistics for short DSL loops from measured 30 MHz channel data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years, there is growing interest in hybrid fiber-copper access solutions, as in fiber to the basement (FTTB) and fiber to the curb/cabinet (FTTC), combined with advanced vectored transmission modalities. The twisted pair segment in these architectures is in the range of a few hundred meters, thus supporting transmission over up to 30 MHz. In this paper, we assess the capacity potential of these very short loops using full-binder channel measurements collected by France Telecom R&D. Key statistics are provided for both uncoordinated and vectored transmission, and the vectoring benefit is evaluated. The results provide useful bounds for developers and providers alike. I.

E. Karipidis; N. D. Sidiropoulos

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The three loop slope of the Dirac form factor and the S Lamb shift in hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The last unknown contribution to hydrogen energy levels at order malpha{sup 7}, due to the slope of the Dirac form factor at three loops, is evaluated in a closed analytical form. The resulting shift of the hydrogen nS energy level is found to be 3.016/n{sup 3} kHz. Using the QED calculations of the 1S Lamb shift, the authors extract a precise value of the proton charge radius r{sub p} = 0.883{+-}0.014 fm.

Melnikov, K.

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

415

Search for the IR fixed point in the Twisted Polyakov Loop scheme (II)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We measure the renormalized coupling in the Twisted Polyakov loop scheme for SU(3) gauge theory coupled with $N_f=12$ fundamental fermions. To find the infrared fixed point of this theory, we focus on the step scaling function for the renormalized coupling. We take the continuum limit using the linear function of $(a/L)^2$ and a constant fit function. We find that there is a sizeable systematic error due to the choice of the continuum extrapolation function in the low energy region. We will give some directions to reduce the systematic errors.

Etsuko Itou; Tatsumi Aoyama; Masafumi Kurachi; C. -J. David Lin; Hideo Matsufuru; Hiroshi Ohki; Tetsuya Onogi; Eigo Shintani; Takeshi Yamazaki

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

Search for the IR fixed point in the twisted Polyakov loop scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a non-perturbative study of the running coupling constant in the Twisted Polyakov Loop (TPL) scheme. We investigate how the systematic and statistical errors can be controlled {\\it via} a feasibility study in SU(3) pure Yang-Mills theory. We show that our method reproduces the perturbative determination of the running coupling in the UV. In addition, our numerical result agrees with the theoretical prediction of this coupling constant in the IR. We also present our preliminary results for $N_f=12$ QCD, where an IR fixed point may be present.

Erek Bilgici; Antonino Flachi; Etsuko Itou; Masafumi Kurachi; C. -J. David Lin; Hideo Matsufuru; Hiroshi Ohki; Tetsuya Onogi; Eigo Shintani; Takeshi Yamazaki

2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

417

Shell-models of RMHD turbulence and the heating of solar coronal loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified non-linear numerical model for the development of incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) in the presence of a strong magnetic field B0 and stratification, nicknamed Shell-Atm, is presented. In planes orthogonal to the mean field, the non-linear incompressible dynamics is replaced by 2D shell-models for the complex variables u and b, allowing one to reach large Reynolds numbers while at the same time carrying out sufficiently long time integrations to obtain a good statistics at moderate computational cost. The shell-models of different planes are coupled by Alfven waves propagating along B0. The model may be applied to open or closed magnetic field configurations where the axial field dominates and the plasma pressure is low; here we apply it to the specific case of a magnetic loop of the solar corona heated via turbulence driven by photospheric motions, and we use statistics for its analysis. The Alfven waves interact non-linearly and form turbulent spectra in the directions perpendicular and, via propagation, also parallel to the mean field. A heating function is obtained, and is shown to be intermittent; the average heating is consistent with values required for sustaining a hot corona, and is proportional to the aspect ratio of the loop to the power -1.5; characteristic properties of heating events are distributed as power-laws. Cross-correlations show a delay of dissipation compared to energy content.

E. Buchlin; M. Velli

2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

418

Integrating desulfurization with CO{sub 2}-capture in chemical-looping combustion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is an emerging technology for clean combustion. We have previously demonstrated that the embedding of metal nanoparticles into a nanostructured ceramic matrix can result in unusually active and sinter-resistant nanocomposite oxygen carrier materials for CLC which maintain high reactivity and high-temperature stability even when sulfur contaminated fuels are used in CLC. Here, we propose a novel process scheme for in situ desulfurization of syngas with simultaneous CO{sub 2}-capture in chemical looping combustion by using these robust nanocomposite oxygen carriers simultaneously as sulfur-capture materials. We found that a nanocomposite Cu-BHA carrier can indeed strongly reduce the H{sub 2}S concentration in the fuel reactor effluent. However, during the process the support matrix is also sulfidized and takes part in the redox process of CLC. This results in SO{sub 2} production during the reduction of the oxygen carrier and thus limits the degree of desulfurization attainable with this kind of carrier. Nevertheless, the results suggest that simultaneous desulfurization and CO{sub 2} capture in CLC is feasible with Cu as oxygen carrier as long as appropriate carrier support materials are chosen, and could result in a novel, strongly intensified process for low-emission, high efficiency combustion of sulfur contaminated fuel streams.

Solunke, Rahul; Veser, Goetz

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

ICFT: An initial closed-loop flow test of the Fenton Hill Phase II HDR reservoir  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 30-day closed-loop circulation test of the Phase II Hot Dry Rock reservoir at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, was conducted to determine the thermal, hydraulic, chemical, and seismic characteristics of the reservoir in preparation for a long-term energy-extraction test. The Phase II heat-extraction loop was successfully tested with the injection of 37,000 m/sup 3/ of cold water and production of 23,300 m/sup 3/ of hot water. Up to 10 MW/sub t/ was extracted when the production flow rate reached 0.0139 m/sup 3//s at 192/degree/C. By the end of the test, the water-loss rate had decreased to 26% and a significant portion of the injected water was recovered; 66% during the test and an additional 20% during subsequent venting. Analysis of thermal, hydraulic, geochemical, tracer, and seismic data suggests the fractured volume of the reservoir was growing throughout the test. 19 refs., 64 figs., 19 tabs.

Dash, Z.V. (ed.); Aguilar, R.G.; Dennis, B.R.; Dreesen, D.S.; Fehler, M.C.; Hendron, R.H.; House, L.S.; Ito, H.; Kelkar, S.M.; Malzahn, M.V.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Closed loop chemical systems for energy storage and transmission (chemical heat pipe). Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work documents the anlaysis of closed loop chemical systems for energy storage and transmission, commonly referred to as the Chemical Heat Pipe (CHP). Among the various chemical reaction systems and sources investigated, the two best systems were determined to be the high temperature methane/steam reforming reaction (HTCHP) coupled to a Very High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (VHTR) and the lower temperature, cyclohexane dehydrogenation reaction (LTCHP) coupled to existing sources such as coal or light water reactors. Solar and other developing technologies can best be coupled to the LTCHP. The preliminary economic and technical analyses show that both systems could transport heat at an incremental cost of approximately $1.50/GJ/160 km (in excess of the primary heat cost of $2.50/GJ), at system efficiencies above 80%. Solar heat can be transported at an incremental cost of $3/GJ/160 km. The use of the mixed feed evaporator concept developed in this work contributes significantly to reducing the transportation cost and increasing the efficiency of the system. The LTCHP shows the most promise of the two systems if the technical feasibility of the cyclic closed loop chemical reaction system can be established. An experimental program for establishing this feasibility is recommended. Since the VHTR is several years away from commercial demonstration and the HTCHP chemical technology is well developed, future HTCHP programs should be aimed at VHTR and interface problems.

Vakil, H.B.; Flock, J.W.

1978-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Generation of Coronal Loop Waves below the Photosphere by p-Mode Forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observations of coronal-loop waves by TRACE and within the corona as a whole by CoMP clearly indicate that the dominant oscillation period is 5 minutes, thus implicating the solar p modes as a possible source. We investigate the generation of tube waves within the solar convection zone by the buffeting of p modes. The tube waves--in the form of longitudinal sausage waves and transverse kink waves--are generated on the many magnetic fibrils that lace the convection zone and pierce the solar photosphere. Once generated by p-mode forcing, the tube waves freely propagate up and down the tubes, since the tubes act like light fibers and form a waveguide for these magnetosonic waves. Those waves that propagate upward pass through the photosphere and enter the upper atmosphere where they can be measured as loop oscillations and other forms of propagating coronal waves. We treat the magnetic fibrils as vertically aligned, thin flux tubes and compute the energy flux of tube waves that can generated and driven into the upper atmosphere. We find that a flux in excess of 10^5 ergs/cm^2/s can be produced, easily supplying enough wave energy to explain the observations. Furthermore, we compute the associated damping rate of the driving p modes and find that the damping is significant compared to observed line widths only for the lowest order p modes.

Bradley W. Hindman; Rekha Jain

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

422

Semantic-driven Parallelization of Loops Operating on User-defined Containers  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe ROSE, a C++ infrastructure for source-to-source translation, that provides an interface for programmers to easily write their own translators for optimizing user-defined high-level abstractions. Utilizing the semantics of these high-level abstractions, they demonstrate the automatic parallelization of loops that iterate over user-defined containers that have interfaces similar to the lists, vectors and sets in the Standard Template Library (STL). The parallelization is realized in two phases. First, they insert OpenMP directives into a serial program, driven by the recognition of the high-level abstractions, containers, that are thread-safe. Then, they translate the OpenMP directives into library routines that explicitly create and manage parallelism. By providing an interface for the programmer to classify the semantics of their abstractions, they are able to automatically parallelize operations on containers, such as linked-lists, without resorting to complex loop dependence analysis techniques. The approach is consistent with general goals within telescoping languages.

Quinlan, D; Schordan, M; Yi, Q; de Supinski, B R

2003-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

423

Waste Heat Recovery from the Advanced Test Reactor Secondary Coolant Loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated the feasibility of using a waste heat recovery system (WHRS) to recover heat from the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) secondary coolant system (SCS). This heat would be used to preheat air for space heating of the reactor building, thus reducing energy consumption, carbon footprint, and energy costs. Currently, the waste heat from the reactor is rejected to the atmosphere via a four-cell, induced-draft cooling tower. Potential energy and cost savings are 929 kW and $285K/yr. The WHRS would extract a tertiary coolant stream from the SCS loop and pump it to a new plate and frame heat exchanger, from which the heat would be transferred to a glycol loop for preheating outdoor air supplied to the heating and ventilation system. The use of glycol was proposed to avoid the freezing issues that plagued and ultimately caused the failure of a WHRS installed at the ATR in the 1980s. This study assessed the potential installation of a new WHRS for technical, logistical, and economic feasibility.

Donna Post Guillen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cells use feedback to implement a diverse range of regulatory functions. Building synthetic feedback control systems may yield insight into the roles that feedback can play in regulation since it can be introduced independently of native regulation, and alternative control architectures can be compared. We propose a model for microbial biofuel production where a synthetic control system is used to increase cell viability and biofuel yields. Although microbes can be engineered to produce biofuels, the fuels are often toxic to cell growth, creating a negative feedback loop that limits biofuel production. These toxic effects may be mitigated by expressing efflux pumps that export biofuel from the cell. We developed a model for cell growth and biofuel production and used it to compare several genetic control strategies for their ability to improve biofuel yields. We show that controlling efflux pump expression directly with a biofuel-responsive promoter is a straight forward way of improving biofuel production. In addition, a feed forward loop controller is shown to be versatile at dealing with uncertainty in biofuel production rates.

Dunlop, Mary; Keasling, Jay; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

425

POST-FLARE ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT CURVES EXPLAINED WITH THERMAL INSTABILITY OF LOOP PLASMA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, we study the C8 flare that occurred on 2000 September 26 at 19:49 UT and observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation spectrometer from the beginning of the impulsive phase to well beyond the disappearance in the X-rays. The emission first decayed progressively through equilibrium states until the plasma reached 2-3 MK. Then, a series of cooler lines, i.e., Ca X, Ca VII, Ne VI, O IV, and Si III (formed in the temperature range log T = 4.3-6.3 under equilibrium conditions), are emitted at the same time and all evolve in a similar way. Here, we show that the simultaneous emission of lines with such a different formation temperature is due to thermal instability occurring in the flaring plasma as soon as it has cooled below {approx}2 MK. We can qualitatively reproduce the relative start time of the light curves of each line in the correct order with a simple (and standard) model of a single flaring loop. The agreement with the observed light curves is greatly improved, and a slower evolution of the line emission is predicted, if we assume that the model loop consists of an ensemble of subloops or strands heated at slightly different times. Our analysis can be useful for flare observations with the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Extreme ultraviolet Variability Experiment.

Reale, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo (Italy); Landi, E. [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Orlando, S. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo (Italy)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

SATB1 packages densely-looped, transciptionally-active chromatinfor coordinated expression of cytokine genes  

SciTech Connect

SATB1 is an important regulator of nuclear architecture that anchors specialized DNA sequences onto its cage-like network and recruits chromatin remodeling/modifying factors to control gene transcription. We studied the role of SATB1 in regulating the coordinated expression of Il5, Il4, and Il13 from the 200kb cytokine gene cluster region of mouse chromosome 11 during T-helper 2 (Th2)-cell activation. We show that upon cell activation, SATB1 is rapidly induced to form a unique transcriptionally-active chromatin structure that includes the cytokine gene region. Chromatin is folded into numerous small loops all anchored by SATB1, is histone H3 acetylated at lysine 9/14, and associated with Th2-specific factors, GATA3, STAT6, c-Maf, the chromatin-remodeling enzyme Brg-1, and RNA polymerase II across the 200kb region. Before activation, the chromatin displays some of these features, such as association with GATA3 and STAT6, but these were insufficient for cytokine gene expression. Using RNA interference (RNAi), we show that upon cell activation, SATB1 is not only required for chromatin folding into dense loops, but also for c-Maf induction and subsequently for Il4, Il5, and Il13 transcription. Our results show that SATB1 is an important determinant for chromatin architecture that constitutes a novel higher-order, transcriptionally-active chromatin structure upon Th2-cell activation.

Cai, Shutao; Lee, Charles C.; Kohwi-Shigematsu, Terumi

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

427

Control Loop Tuning and Surge Response for Hanford WTP Melter Offgas Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report describes control loop tuning in models of the high level waste (HLW) melter offgas system, the low activity waste (LAW) melter offgas system and the HLW Pulse Jet Ventilation system and an assessment of the response to steam surges in both melter offgas systems. The three offgas systems were modeled using the Aspen Custom Modeler (ACM) software. The ACM models have been recently updated. Flowsheets of the system models used in this study are provided in Appendix D. To facilitate testing, these flowsheets represent somewhat simplified versions of the full models. For example, the HLW and LAW vessel ventilation systems have been represented as fixed air sources that provide a constant gas flow and specified air surges. Similarly, the six tanks and individual pulse-jet air sources in the HLW Pulse Jet Ventilation system are represented as a constant air source for control loop tuning purposes. The second LAW melter system has also been represented as a constant flow air source and several other simplifications such as removing HLW and LAW control interlocks, submerged bed scrubber bypass lines, and pressure relief valves have been made.

SMITH, FG III

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

428

Test Report on ISR Double-Loop, Spray-Cooled Inverter  

SciTech Connect

The Isothermal Systems Research, Inc. (ISR) double-loop, two-phase spray cooling system was designed to use 85 C transmission oil to cool a heat exchanger via a second cooling loop. The heat exchanger condenses the working fluid vapor back to liquid inside a sealed enclosure to allow for continuous spray cooling of electronics. In the ORNL tests, 85 C water/ethylene/glycol (WEG), which has better thermal properties than transmission oil, was substituted for the transmission oil. Because the ISR spray-cooling system requires a second cooling loop, the final inverter might be inherently larger than inverters that do not require a second-loop cooling system. The ISR test setup did not include a dc bus capacitor. Because the insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) conduction test indicated that the ISR test setup could not be properly loaded thermally, no switching tests were conducted. Therefore it was not necessary to attach external capacitors outside the test setup. During load situations not exceeding 400A, the WEG inlet temperature was higher than the WEG outlet temperature. This meant that the 85 C WEG heat exchanger was not cooling the inverter and became a thermal load to the inverter. Only when the load was higher than 400A with a higher coolant temperature and the release valve actuated did the WEG heat exchanger start to cool the 2-phase coolant. The inverter relied strongly on the cooling of the huge aluminum enclosure located inside the ventilation chamber. In a hybrid vehicle, the inverter is situated under the hood, where the dependency on cooling provided by the enclosure may become a problem. The IGBT power dissipation with both sides being spray cooled was around 34 W/cm{sup 2} at 403A, with 995W total IGBT loss at 113.5 C projected junction temperature before the release valve was actuated. The current loading could rise higher than 403 A before reaching the 125 C junction temperature limit if the pressure buildup inside the enclosure could be prevented by improving the secondary cooling loop. This 34 w/cm{sup 2} was an average across all dies. There is no doubt that the cooling capability of the ISR spray-cooling test setup can be improved by (1) lowering the WEG inlet temperature from 85 C to say 70 C, this would condense the vapor better and lower the container pressure, (2) modification of the vapor condenser inside the container to cool both the vapor and the liquid of the 2-phase coolant, in the present setup only the vapor is cooled by the condenser inside the container, and (3) lower the liquid temperature through (1) and (2) to avoid the vaporization that causes cavitations in the pump for ensuring the pump's life expectance.

Hsu, John S [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Lowe, Kirk T [ORNL; McFee, Marshall T [ORNL

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Severe constraints on Loop-Quantum-Gravity energy-momentum dispersion relation from black-hole area-entropy law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore a possible connection between two aspects of Loop Quantum Gravity which have been extensively studied in the recent literature: the black-hole area-entropy law and the energy-momentum dispersion relation. We observe that the original Bekenstein argument for the area-entropy law implicitly requires information on the energy-momentum dispersion relation. Recent results show that in first approximation black-hole entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity depends linearly on the area, with small correction terms which have logarithmic or inverse-power dependence on the area. Preliminary studies of the Loop-Quantum-Gravity dispersion relation reported some evidence of the presence of terms that depend linearly on the Planck length, but we observe that this possibility is excluded since it would require, for consistency, a contribution to black-hole entropy going like the square root of the area.

Giovanni Amelino-Camelia; Michele Arzano; Andrea Procaccini

2004-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

430

Performance analysis of a two-stage variable capacity air source heat pump and a horizontal loop coupled ground source heat pump system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thermal performance of a new two-stage variable capacity air source heat pump (ASHP) and a horizontal ground loop ground source heat pump (GSHP) was (more)

Safa, Amir Alizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit Solvent Using Replica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulations.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research described in this product was performed in part in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hairpin loop structures are common motifs in folded nucleic acids. The 59-GCGCAGC sequence in DNA forms a characteristic and stable trinucleotide hairpin loop flanked by a two basepair stem helix. To better understand the structure formation of this hairpin loop motif in atomic detail, we employed replica-exchange molecular dynamics (RexMD) simulations starting from a single-stranded DNA conformation. In two independent 36 ns RexMD simulations, conformations in very close agreement with the experimental hairpin structure were sampled as dominant conformations (lowest free energy state) during the final phase of the RexMDs (;35% at the lowest temperature replica). Simultaneous compaction and accumulation of folded structures were observed. Comparison of the GCA trinucleotides from early stages of the simulations with the folded topology indicated a variety of central loop conformations, but arrangements close to experiment that are sampled before the fully folded structure also appeared. Most of these intermediates included a stacking of the C2 and G3 bases, which was further stabilized by hydrogen bonding to the A5 base and a strongly bound water molecule bridging the C2 and A5 in the DNA minor groove. The simulations suggest a folding mechanism where these intermediates can rapidly proceed toward the fully folded hairpin and emphasize the importance of loop and stem nucleotide interactions for hairpin folding. In one simulation, a loop motif with G3 in syn conformation (dihedral flip at N-glycosidic bond) accumulated, resulting in a misfolded hairpin. Such conformations may correspond to long-lived trapped states that have been postulated to account for the folding kinetics of nucleic acid hairpins that are slower than expected for a semiflexible polymer of the same size.

Kannan, Srinivasaraghavan; Zacharias, Martin W.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Experiments on chemical looping combustion of coal with a NiO based oxygen carrier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A chemical looping combustion process for coal using interconnected fluidized beds with inherent separation of CO{sub 2} is proposed in this paper. The configuration comprises a high velocity fluidized bed as an air reactor, a cyclone, and a spout-fluid bed as a fuel reactor. The high velocity fluidized bed is directly connected to the spout-fluid bed through the cyclone. Gas composition of both fuel reactor and air reactor, carbon content of fly ash in the fuel reactor, carbon conversion efficiency and CO{sub 2} capture efficiency were investigated experimentally. The results showed that coal gasification was the main factor which controlled the contents of CO and CH{sub 4} concentrations in the flue gas of the fuel reactor, carbon conversion efficiency in the process of chemical looping combustion of coal with NiO-based oxygen carrier in the interconnected fluidized beds. Carbon conversion efficiency reached only 92.8% even when the fuel reactor temperature was high up to 970 C. There was an inherent carbon loss in the process of chemical looping combustion of coal in the interconnected fluidized beds. The inherent carbon loss was due to an easy elutriation of fine char particles from the freeboard of the spout-fluid bed, which was inevitable in this kind of fluidized bed reactor. Further improvement of carbon conversion efficiency could be achieved by means of a circulation of fine particles elutriation into the spout-fluid bed or the high velocity fluidized bed. CO{sub 2} capture efficiency reached to its equilibrium of 80% at the fuel reactor temperature of 960 C. The inherent loss of CO{sub 2} capture efficiency was due to bypassing of gases from the fuel reactor to the air reactor, and the product of residual char burnt with air in the air reactor. Further experiments should be performed for a relatively long-time period to investigate the effects of ash and sulfur in coal on the reactivity of nickel-based oxygen carrier in the continuous CLC reactor. (author)

Shen, Laihong; Wu, Jiahua; Xiao, Jun [Thermoenergy Engineering Research Institute, Southeast University, 2 Sipailou, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Development of a closed-loop, lean-burn natural gas engine control system. Final report, February 1993-December 1995  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project was to develop a closed-loop, lean-burn control system for medium and heavy duty, lean-burn, gaseous fueled engines. The closed-loop F/A ratio control system was designed to provide diesel engine-like performance and fuel economy, and take advantage of the emissions benefits of a gaseous fueled engine. The control system was designed to have the processing power and I/O capacity to accommodate the engine Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM`s).

Morris, D.A.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Microsoft Word - Naselle Tap Modification Loop to Driscoll Sub CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2010 7, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amy Freel Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Naselle Tap Modification Loop into Driscoll Substation Budget Information: Work order 231878 task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Construction or modification of electric power substations. B4.6 Additions/modifications to electric power transmission facilities within previously developed area. Location: Clatsop County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to expand the existing Driscoll Substation to accommodate a 115-kV ring bus and rebuild 2 ½ miles of the Allston-Astoria No. 1 line to

435

Summary of TRUEX Radiolysis Testing Using the INL Radiolysis Test Loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The INL radiolysis and hydrolysis test loop has been used to evaluate the effects of hydrolytic and radiolytic degradation upon the efficacy of the TRUEX flowsheet for the recovery of trivalent actinides and lanthanides from acidic solution. Repeated irradiation and subsequent re-conditioning cycles did result in a significant decrease in the concentration of the TBP and CMPO extractants in the TRUEX solvent and a corresponding decrease in americium and europium extraction distributions. However, the build-up of solvent degradation products upon {gamma}-irradiation, had little impact upon the efficiency of the stripping section of the TRUEX flowsheet. Operation of the TRUEX flowsheet would require careful monitoring to ensure extraction distributions are maintained at acceptable levels.

Dean R. Peterman; Lonnie G. Olson; Rocklan G. McDowell; Gracy Elias; Jack D. Law

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dynamic structural analysis of a head assembly for a large loop-type LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

An investigation is presented on the dynamic structural response of the primary vessel's head closure to slug impact loadings generated from a 1000 MJ source term. The reference reactor considered was designed in a loop configuration. The head structure consisted of a deck and a triple rotatable plug assembly. Two designs were considered for the deck structure: a reference design and an alternate design. The reference deck was designed as a single flat annular plate. For the alternate design, the deck plate was reinforced by adding an extender cylinder with a flange and flanged webs between the deck-plate and cylinder. The investigation showed that the reference design cannot maintain containment integrity when subjected to slug loading generated by a 1000 MJ source term. It was determined that the head deformed excessively.

Kulak, R.F.; Fiala, C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Continuous culture in combined backmix-plug-flow-tubular-loop fermentor configurations  

SciTech Connect

Several combinations of backmix, tubular-loop, and plug-flow fermentors with and without culture recycle were studied by computer simulations. The steady-state concentrations of cell mass in a continuous culture were calculated as a function of dilution rate using Monod growth kinetics. It was found theoretically and verified for one case experimentally that the maximum dilution rate, over which microbial cells were washed out from the fermentor, could be elevated well beyond the maximum specific growth rate if a particular fermentor combination was used. A combination of two backmix fermentors has been analyzed previously by Sinclair and Brown. Application of this type of fermentor combination as a seed tank for performing continuous culture of microbes in a plug-flow reactor was shown with special reference to fermentation production using the kinetics proposed by Luedeking and Piret, van Dedem and Moo-Young, and Brown and Vass. (Refs. 11).

Toda, K.; Dunn, I.J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Estimation of Critical Flow Velocity for Collapse of Gas Test Loop Booster Fuel Assembly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents calculations performed to determine the critical flow velocity for plate collapse due to static instability for the Gas Test Loop booster fuel assembly. Long, slender plates arranged in a parallel configuration can experience static divergence and collapse at sufficiently high coolant flow rates. Such collapse was exhibited by the Oak Ridge High Flux Reactor in the 1940s and the Engineering Test Reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory in the 1950s. Theoretical formulas outlined by Miller, based upon wide-beam theory and Bernoullis equation, were used for the analysis. Calculations based upon Millers theory show that the actual coolant flow velocity is only 6% of the predicted critical flow velocity. Since there is a considerable margin between the theoretically predicted plate collapse velocity and the design velocity, the phenomena of plate collapse due to static instability is unlikely.

Guillen; Mark J. Russell

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Environmental assessment for the new looped power system on Rainier Mesa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is the single location within the continental United States where tests involving nuclear explosive devices are conducted. The NTS is a land mass of 1,350 square miles. It is located 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, on the eastern edge of the Great Mohave Desert in high desert country where altitude ranges from 3,500 feet to approximately 7,700 feet. It is in a remote, isolated and sparsely populated area. The proposed action supports the underground nuclear weapons test program conducted on the NTS as defined in the Nevada Test Site Final Environmental Impact Statement, dated September 1977. The project involves the construction of a new looped power system, to be performed in three phases, indicated on Rainier Mesa in Area 12 at the NTS. The phases are described in this paper.

Not Available

1992-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

440

AB Method of Irrigation without Water (Closed-loop water cycle)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author suggests and researches a new revolutionary idea for a closed-loop irrigation method. He offers to cover a given site by a thin closed film with controlled heat conductivity and clarity located at an altitude of 50 300 m. The film is supported at altitude by small additional atmospheric overpressure and connected to the ground by thin cables. Authors show that this closed dome allows full control of the weather in a given region (the day is always fine, the rain is only at night, no strong winds). The dome (having control of the clarity of film and heat conductivity) converts the cold regions to subtropics, hot deserts and desolate wildernesses to prosperous regions with a temperate climate. This is a realistic and cheap method of evaporation economical irrigation and virtual weather control on Earth at the current time.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Open loop pneumatic control of a Lysholm engine or turbine exhaust pressure  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Lysholm engine, or helical screw expander, is currently being evaluated at the University of California, Berkeley for staging with a conventional turbine in geothermal energy conversion. A pneumatic closed loop, proportional-integral control system was implemented to control the Lysholm engine's exhaust pressure for performance testing of the engine at constant inlet/outlet pressure ratios. The control system will also be used to control the exhaust pressure of the conventional turbine during future testing of the staged Lysholm-turbine system. Analytical modeling of the control system was performed and successful tuning was achieved by applying Ziegler-Nichol's tuning method. Stable control and quick response, of approximately 1 minute, was demonstrated for load and set point changes in desired exhaust pressures.

Plonski, B.A.

1981-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

442

2004 HALL CENTER STAFF Victor Bailey Director and Professor of History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

union." In the beauty of its design, and in the energy with which it encourages vigorous intellectual, "The Origins of the Literary Vampire in German Literature." Crawford will travel to the German Folksong on the vampire figure. The vampire has been one of the most popular figures in horror literature since 18th

Peterson, Blake R.

443

The Quest for Pi David H. Bailey, Jonathan M. Borwein ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 25, 1996 ... the computation of is given in Tables 1 and 2. 1. .... the Indiana House of Representatives a bill that would introduce new Mathematical truth".

444

Gluon Fusion Processes at One-loop within the Standard Model and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we have studied certain gluon fusion processes which proceed via quark loop diagrams at the leading order. The fact that these gluon-gluon channel processes are independent processes, their contributions towards the total/differential hadronic cross sections can be calculated separately. We have considered the production of a pair of electroweak vector bosons in association with a jet via gluon fusion within the standard model. These processes were not accessible at earlier hadron colliders such as the Tevatron. Therefore, observation of these rare processes at the LHC will be a test of the standard model itself. Like the di-vector boson production via gluon fusion processes, these processes are also important backgrounds for many new physics signals, and the standard model Higgs boson signal at the LHC. These leading order gluon fusion processes contribute to the corresponding hadronic processes at the next-to-next-to-leading order in {\\alpha}_s. We have taken a model of extra-dimensions, the ADD (Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos and Dvali) model, as the possible candidate of new physics at the LHC. This model tries to solve the hierarchy problem of the standard model by proposing large extra space dimensions which may be accessible at TeV scale. We have considered the direct production of KK-gravitons (GKK) in association with an electroweak boson (H/{\\gamma}/Z) via gluon fusion. These processes contribute to the corresponding hadronic processes at the next-to-leading order in {\\alpha}_s. Many interesting issues related to the fermion loop amplitudes have also been discussed.

Ambresh Shivaji

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

PROPERTIES OF THE ACCELERATION REGIONS IN SEVERAL LOOP-STRUCTURED SOLAR FLARES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using RHESSI hard X-ray imaging spectroscopy observations, we analyze electron flux maps for a number of extended coronal loop flares. For each event, we fit a collisional model with an extended acceleration region to the observed variation of loop length with electron energy E, resulting in estimates of the plasma density in, and longitudinal extent of, the acceleration region. These quantities in turn allow inference of the number of particles within the acceleration region and hence the filling factor f-the ratio of the emitting volume to the volume that encompasses the emitting region(s). We obtain values of f that lie mostly between 0.1 and 1.0; the (geometric) mean value is f = 0.20 Multiplication-Sign / Division-Sign 3.9, somewhat less than, but nevertheless consistent with, unity. Further, coupling information on the number of particles in the acceleration region with information on the total rate of acceleration of particles above a certain reference energy (obtained from spatially integrated hard X-ray data) also allows inference of the specific acceleration rate (electron s{sup -1} per ambient electron above the chosen reference energy). We obtain a (geometric) mean value of the specific acceleration rate {eta}(20 keV) =(6.0 Multiplication-Sign / Division-Sign 3.4) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} electrons s{sup -1} per ambient electron; this value has implications both for the global electrodynamics associated with replenishment of the acceleration region and for the nature of the particle acceleration process.

Guo Jingnan; Piana, Michele [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 35, 16146 Genova (Italy); Gordon Emslie, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States); Massone, Anna Maria, E-mail: guo@dima.unige.it, E-mail: piana@dima.unige.it, E-mail: emslieg@wku.edu, E-mail: annamaria.massone@cnr.it [CNR-SPIN, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova (Italy)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

446

The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

SciTech Connect

Many commercial buildings need heat in one part and, at the same time, cooling in another part. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If that energy could be shifted or stored for later use, significant energy might be saved. If a building's heating and cooling subsystems could be integrated with the building's structural mass and used to collect, store, and deliver energy, the energy might be save cost-effectively. To explore this opportunity, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the thermal interactions between the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system and the structure of a commercial building. Computer models were developed to simulate the interactions in an existing building located in Seattle, Washington, to determine how these building subsystems could be integrated to improve energy efficiency. The HVAC subsystems in the existing building were modeled. These subsystems consist of decentralized water-source heat pumps (WSHP) in a closed water loop, connected to cooling towers for heat rejection during cooling mode and boilers to augment heating. An initial base case'' computer model of the Seattle building, as-built, was developed. Metered data available for the building were used to calibrate this model to ensure that the analysis would provide information that closely reflected the operation of a real building. The HVAC system and building structure were integrated in the model using the concrete floor slabs as thermal storage media. The slabs may be actively charged during off-peak periods with the chilled water in the loop and then either actively or passively discharged into the conditioned space during peak periods. 21 refs., 37 figs., 17 tabs.

Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many commercial buildings need heat in one part and, at the same time, cooling in another part. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If that energy could be shifted or stored for later use, significant energy might be saved. If a building's heating and cooling subsystems could be integrated with the building's structural mass and used to collect, store, and deliver energy, the energy might be save cost-effectively. To explore this opportunity, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the thermal interactions between the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system and the structure of a commercial building. Computer models were developed to simulate the interactions in an existing building located in Seattle, Washington, to determine how these building subsystems could be integrated to improve energy efficiency. The HVAC subsystems in the existing building were modeled. These subsystems consist of decentralized water-source heat pumps (WSHP) in a closed water loop, connected to cooling towers for heat rejection during cooling mode and boilers to augment heating. An initial base case'' computer model of the Seattle building, as-built, was developed. Metered data available for the building were used to calibrate this model to ensure that the analysis would provide information that closely reflected the operation of a real building. The HVAC system and building structure were integrated in the model using the concrete floor slabs as thermal storage media. The slabs may be actively charged during off-peak periods with the chilled water in the loop and then either actively or passively discharged into the conditioned space during peak periods. 21 refs., 37 figs., 17 tabs.

Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Precipitation and scaling in dynamic geothermal systems. Progress report ending December 31, 1976. [Ti loop facility  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Major additions and modifications to a titanium loop system for conversion to the study of the formation of silica from simulated geothermal brine were completed. Preliminary pressure and temperature testing with water up to 1000 psig and 200/sup 0/C, respectively, indicated general operability of the system. A 0.5- to 1.5-gpm side-stream was monitored and cooled under controlled conditions from 190/sup 0/C to 50/sup 0/C in a five-section double-tube bypass heat exchanger, then reheated and recycled. Satisfactory performance of the saturator column in providing suitable silica containing brines was also demonstrated. An on-line programmable computer-based data acquisition system was connected to the loop system to read temperature and flow data; to estimate heat transfer coefficients; and to perform additional monitoring, such as limit control and safety functions. Studies with the Once-Through System showed that seeding by silica polymers formed during shutdowns has been the major factor in promoting scaling in the studies carried out thus far. In a run at pH 6 with 1 M NaCl, no deposits formed during 58 h of continuous operation without seeding, but substantial scale formed in 13 h of continued operation after a 17 h shutdown to allow seeding to take place. Such seeded scales show strong dependence of the amount and nature of the deposit on temperature of deposition. The rate of buildup is also substantially enhanced by raising the sodium chloride concentration from zero to one molar.

Bohlmann, E.G.; Shor, A.J.; Berlinski, P.

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATIONS OF GYROSYNCHROTRON EMISSION FROM MILDLY ANISOTROPIC NONUNIFORM ELECTRON DISTRIBUTIONS IN SYMMETRIC MAGNETIC LOOPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microwave emission of solar flares is formed primarily by incoherent gyrosynchrotron radiation generated by accelerated electrons in coronal magnetic loops. The resulting emission depends on many factors, including pitch-angle distribution of the emitting electrons and the source geometry. In this work, we perform systematic simulations of solar microwave emission using recently developed tools (GS Simulator and fast gyrosynchrotron codes) capable of simulating maps of radio brightness and polarization as well as spatially resolved emission spectra. A three-dimensional model of a symmetric dipole magnetic loop is used. We compare the emission from isotropic and anisotropic (of loss-cone type) electron distributions. We also investigate effects caused by inhomogeneous distribution of the emitting particles along the loop. It is found that the effect of the adopted moderate electron anisotropy is the most pronounced near the footpoints and it also depends strongly on the loop orientation. Concentration of the emitting particles at the looptop results in a corresponding spatial shift of the radio brightness peak, thus reducing effects of the anisotropy. The high-frequency ({approx}> 50 GHz) emission spectral index is specified mainly by the energy spectrum of the emitting electrons; however, at intermediate frequencies (around 10-20 GHz), the spectrum shape is strongly dependent on the electron anisotropy, spatial distribution, and magnetic field nonuniformity. The implications of the obtained results for the diagnostics of the energetic electrons in solar flares are discussed.

Kuznetsov, Alexey A. [Armagh Observatory, Armagh BT61 9DG (United Kingdom); Nita, Gelu M.; Fleishman, Gregory D. [Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Entropy and Free Energy of a Mobile Protein Loop in Explicit Water Srinath Cheluvaraja, Mihail Mihailescu, and Hagai Meirovitch*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Entropy and Free Energy of a Mobile Protein Loop in Explicit Water Srinath Cheluvaraja, Mihail of the absolute entropy, S (hence the absolute free energy F) is difficult because it depends on the entire at 300 K. As in paper I, we are mainly interested in entropy and free energy differences between the free

Meirovitch, Hagai

451

Modeling Evolving Coronal Loops with Observations from \\textit{STEREO}, \\textit{Hinode}, and \\textit{TRACE}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high densities, long lifetimes, and narrow emission measure distributions observed in coronal loops with apex temperatures near 1 MK are difficult to reconcile with physical models of the solar atmosphere. It has been proposed that the observed loops are actually composed of sub-resolution "threads" that have been heated impulsively and are cooling. We apply this heating scenario to nearly simultaneous observations of an evolving post-flare loop arcade observed with the EUVI imagers on \\textit{STEREO}, the EIS spectrometer on \\textit{HINODE}, the XRT imager on \\textit{HINODE}, and the textit{TRACE} imager. We find that it is possible to reproduce the extended loop lifetime, high electron density, and the narrow differential emission measure with a multi-thread hydrodynamic model provided that the time scale for the energy release is sufficiently short. The model, however, does not reproduce the evolution of the high temperature emission observed with XRT. In XRT the emission appears diffuse and it may be ...

Warren, Harry P; DeGiorgi, Amanda M; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A Manifestly Gauge Invariant, Continuum Calculation of the SU(N) Yang-Mills two-loop beta function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The manifestly gauge invariant Exact Renormalisation Group provides a framework for performing continuum computations in SU(N) Yang-Mills theory, without fixing the gauge. We use this formalism to compute the two-loop beta function in a manifestly gauge invariant way, and without specifying the details of the regularisation scheme.

Tim R. Morris; Oliver J. Rosten

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

453

Test Requirements and Conceptual Design for a Potassium Test Loop to Support an Advanced Potassium Rankine Cycle Power Conversion Systems  

SciTech Connect

Parameters for continuing the design and specification of an experimental potassium test loop are identified in this report. Design and construction of a potassium test loop is part of the Phase II effort of the project ''Technology Development Program for an Advanced Potassium Rankine Power Conversion System''. This program is supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Design features for the potassium test loop and its instrumentation system, specific test articles, and engineered barriers for ensuring worker safety and protection of the environment are described along with safety and environmental protection requirements to be used during the design process. Information presented in the first portion of this report formed the basis to initiate the design phase of the program; however, the report is a living document that can be changed as necessary during the design process, reflecting modifications as additional design details are developed. Some portions of the report have parameters identified as ''to be determined'' (TBD), reflecting the early stage of the overall process. In cases where specific design values are presently unknown, the report attempts to document the quantities that remain to be defined in order to complete the design of the potassium test loop and supporting equipment.

Yoder, JR.G.L.

2006-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

454

Performance of MEMS-based visible-light adaptive optics at Lick Observatory: Closed- and open-loop control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the University of California's Lick Observatory, we have implemented an on-sky testbed for next-generation adaptive optics (AO) technologies. The Visible-Light Laser Guidestar Experiments instrument (ViLLaGEs) includes visible-light AO, a micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) deformable mirror, and open-loop control of said MEMS on the 1-meter Nickel telescope at Mt. Hamilton. In this paper we evaluate the performance of ViLLaGEs in open- and closed-loop control, finding that both control methods give equivalent Strehl ratios of up to ~ 7% in I-band and similar rejection of temporal power. Therefore, we find that open-loop control of MEMS on-sky is as effective as closed-loop control. Furthermore, after operating the system for three years, we find MEMS technology to function well in the observatory environment. We construct an error budget for the system, accounting for 130 nm of wavefront error out of 190 nm error in the science-camera PSFs. We find that the dominant known term is internal static error...

Morzinski, Katie; Gavel, Donald T; Grigsby, Bryant; Dillon, Daren; Reinig, Marc; Macintosh, Bruce A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Relationship between Variations in the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current and Straits of Florida Volume Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Twelve years of monthly mean positions of the northern boundary of the Loop Current in the eastern Gulf of Mexico from satellite and in situ data have been compared with coincident 19771988 estimates of volume transport in the Straits of Florida ...

George A. Maul; Fred M. Vukovich

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Validation of MPPT strategy for a wind energy conversion system using a hardware-in-the-loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Validation of MPPT strategy for a wind energy conversion system using a hardware - A hardware-in-the-loop simulation of a wind energy conversion system is used to assess a MPPT strategy of wind energy conversion systems (WECS) have been studied [1, 2]. In most of case, simulation has been

Hansen, René Rydhof

457

Optimal Planning of a Load Transfer Substation Pair between Two Normally Closed-Loop Feeders Considering Minimization of System Power Losses Using a Genetic Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an effective approach for planning a load transfer substation pair(LTSP) between two normally closed-loop feeders considering minimization of system power losses. Firstly, the annual equivalent load of each load point is calculated. ... Keywords: distribution feeder, normally closed-loop feeder, distribution substation, genetic algorithm, power losses

Wei-Tzer Huang; Kai-chao Yao; Shiuan-Tai Chen; Hsiau-Hsian Nien; Deng-Chung Lin; Po-Tung Huang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

New Method for Calculating the Absolute Free Energy of Binding: The Effect of a Mobile Loop on the Avidin/Biotin Complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Method for Calculating the Absolute Free Energy of Binding: The Effect of a Mobile Loop Hypothetical scanning molecular dynamics (HSMD) is a relatively new method for calculating the absolute free as a byproduct of the simulation. The binding mechanism of biotin to avidin involves a mobile loop

Meirovitch, Hagai

459

Study of Scheme Transformations to Remove Higher-Loop Terms in the $?$ Function of a Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since three-loop and higher-loop terms in the $\\beta$ function of a gauge theory are scheme-dependent, one can, at least for sufficiently small coupling, carry out a scheme transformation that removes these terms. A basic question concerns the extent to which this can be done at an infrared fixed point of an asymptotically free gauge theory. This is important for quantitative analyses of the scheme dependence of such a fixed point. Here we study a scheme transformation $S_{R,m}$ with $m \\ge 2$ that is constructed so as to remove the terms in the beta function at loop order $\\ell=3$ to $\\ell=m+1$, inclusive. Starting from an arbitrary initial scheme, we present general expressions for the coefficients of terms of loop order $\\ell$ in the beta function in the transformed scheme from $\\ell=m+2$ up to $\\ell=8$. Extending a previous study of $S_{R,2}$, we investigate the range of applicability of the $S_{R,3}$ scheme transformation in an asymptotically free SU($N_c$) gauge theory with an infrared zero in $\\beta$ depending on the number, $N_f$, of fermions in the theory. We show that this $S_{R,3}$ scheme transformation can only be applied self-consistently in a restricted range of $N_f$ with a correspondingly small value of infrared fixed-point coupling. We also study the effect of higher-loop terms on the beta function of a U(1) gauge theory.

Robert Shrock

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

460

Alstom's Chemical Looping Combustion Prototype for CO{sub 2} Capture from Existing Pulverized Coal-Fired Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Alstoms Limestone Chemical Looping (LCL) process has the potential to capture CO{sub 2} from new and existing coal-fired power plants while maintaining high plant power generation efficiency. This new power plant concept is based on a hybrid combustion- gasification process utilizing high temperature chemical and thermal looping technology. This process could also be potentially configured as a hybrid combustion-gasification process producing a syngas or hydrogen for various applications while also producing a separate stream of CO{sub 2} for use or sequestration. The targets set for this technology is to capture over 90% of the total carbon in the coal at cost of electricity which is less than 20% greater than Conventional PC or CFB units. Previous work with bench scale test and a 65 kWt Process Development Unit Development (PDU) has validated the chemistry required for the chemical looping process and provided for the investigation of the solids transport mechanisms and design requirements. The objective of this project is to continue development of the combustion option of chemical looping (LCL-C) by designing, building and testing a 3 MWt prototype facility. The prototype includes all of the equipment that is required to operate the chemical looping plant in a fully integrated manner with all major systems in service. Data from the design, construction, and testing will be used to characterize environmental performance, identify and address technical risks, reassess commercial plant economics, and develop design information for a demonstration plant planned to follow the proposed Prototype. A cold flow model of the prototype will be used to predict operating conditions for the prototype and help in operator training. Operation of the prototype will provide operator experience with this new technology and performance data of the LCL-C process, which will be applied to the commercial design and economics and plan for a future demonstration plant.

Andrus, Herbert; Chiu, John; Edberg, Carl; Thibeault, Paul; Turek, David

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bailey loop mcclellan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Quark Loop Contributions to Neutron, Deuteron, and Mercury EDMs from Supersymmetry without R parity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed analysis of the neutron, deuteron and mercury electric dipole moment from supersymmetry without R parity, focusing on the quark-scalar loop contributions. Being proportional to top Yukawa and top mass, such contributions are often large. Analytical expressions illustrating the explicit role of the R-parity violating parameters are given following perturbative diagonalization of mass-squared matrices for the scalars. Dominant contributions come from the combinations $B_i \\lambda^{\\prime}_{ij1}$ for which we obtain robust bounds. It turns out that neutron and deuteron EDMs receive much stronger contributions than mercury EDM and any null result at the future deuteron EDM experiment or Los Alamos neutron EDM experiment can lead to extra-ordinary constraints on RPV parameter space. Even if R-parity violating couplings are real, CKM phase does induce RPV contribution and for some cases such a contribution is as strong as contribution from phases in the R-parity violating couplings.Hence, we have bounds directly on $|B_i \\lambda^{\\prime}_{ij1}|$ even if the RPV parameters are all real. Interestingly, even if slepton mass and/or $\\mu_0$ is as high as 1 TeV, it still leads to neutron EDM that is an order of magnitude larger than the sensitivity at Los Alamos experiment. Since the results are not much sensitive to $\\tan \\beta$, our constraints will survive even if other observables tighten the constraints on $\\tan \\beta$.

Chan-Chi Chiou; Otto C. W. Kong; Rishikesh D. Vaidya

2007-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

462

Meson properties at finite temperature in a three flavor nonlocal chiral quark model with Polyakov loop  

SciTech Connect

We study the finite temperature behavior of light scalar and pseudoscalar meson properties in the context of a three-flavor nonlocal chiral quark model. The model includes mixing with active strangeness degrees of freedom, and takes care of the effect of gauge interactions by coupling the quarks with the Polyakov loop. We analyze the chiral restoration and deconfinement transitions, as well as the temperature dependence of meson masses, mixing angles and decay constants. The critical temperature is found to be T{sub c{approx_equal}}202 MeV, in better agreement with lattice results than the value recently obtained in the local SU(3) PNJL model. It is seen that above T{sub c} pseudoscalar meson masses get increased, becoming degenerate with the masses of their chiral partners. The temperatures at which this matching occurs depend on the strange quark composition of the corresponding mesons. The topological susceptibility shows a sharp decrease after the chiral transition, signalling the vanishing of the U(1){sub A} anomaly for large temperatures.

Contrera, G. A. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libert