Sample records for bahrain iran iraq

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq kuwait Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 To: All SEVIS Users Date: May 5, 2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi,...

  2. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  3. War curbs oil exports by Iran and Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the effects of the war between Iran and Iraq on oil exports from the area covers damage (extent unknown) to the Abadan, Iran, and Basra, Iraq, oil refineries, to the Iraqi petrochemical complex under construction at Basra, to oil export terminals at Kharg Island and Mina-al-Bakr, and to other oil facilities; war-caused reductions in oil production, refining, shipping, and export, estimated at 2.05-3.35 million bbl/day; the possible effects of the war on OPEC's decisions concerning oil production and pricing; the significance of the Strait of Hormuz for the export of oil by several countries in addition to the belligerents; the U.S. and non-Communist oil stocks which might enable the world to avoid an oil shortage if the war is ended in the near future; and the long-term effects of the war on Iran's and Iraq's oil industries.

  4. Iran and Iraq - the proliferation challenge. Strategic research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, F.R.

    1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Worldwide proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles has been on the rise since the end of the Cold War. This escalation has brought a new set of challenges to post-Cold War strategists and policymakers. This study focus on the impact of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. It assesses the possibility of Iran`s and Iraq`s ability to develop a nuclear capability within the next twenty to thirty years. United States` strategy and policy to counter this potential is also considered.

  5. Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1981-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

  6. Worry grows as Iran/Iraq war lingers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the Iran/Iraq war and the prospect of greater disruption of Persian Gulf oil deliveries, the international crude market has adjusted to the loss of supplies and remains stable, partly because some nonwarring members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries have boosted production to make up losses and partly because the industrialized nations have maintained high levels of crude and product stocks. These stocks would be draw-depleted in nine months if used at the rate of 1.8 million bbl/day; this and a 2 million bbl/day increase in OPEC production would make up for the entire war-caused shortfall. If the Strait of Hormuz were closed, the shortfall would be 17 million bbl/day, which would deplete stocks in less than one month. Patterns of supply and demand in non-Communist western countries in 1978-79 and 1979-80; the International Energy Agency oil-sharing plan which would go into effect in the case of a major oil shortage; and the prospects for a surge in prices in the international oil markets, are discussed.

  7. Assessing world energy in the wake of the Iran/Iraq war: an oil shortage proves elusive. [Monograph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randol, W.L.; Verleger, P.K. Jr.; Clayman, M.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reassessment of world energy supplies was made in the wake of curtailed exports during the Iran/Iraq war and the corresponding increase in world oil prices, the drop in oil consumption, the widening economic recession, and US decontrol of oil. The report concludes that present worldwide levels of oil production are adequate to satisfy projected levels of consumption through 1981. This leaves the world energy system in balance even if oil exports from Iran and Iraq remain at minimal levels for the year. Past overestimation of demand makes it more likely that this year's consumption will fall short of the projection. The way in which Saudi Arabia's output is cut will be the key to oil pricing in 1981, the authors feel, but the likely approach will be a gradual reduction in production that will allow the Saudis to regain control of OPEC. The effects of a receding demand for oil have been intensified by high US interest rates and the spreading recession. The effect of immediate decontrol of petroleum is likely to compound the trend for reduced consumption and a corresponding increase in efficiency. 2 figures, 2 tables.

  8. Middle East: Iran isn't missed much

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

  9. Syria's alignment with Iran and efforts to encourage Syrian defection.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Zachary Bret

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Since the Iranian revolution in 1979, Syria and Iran have maintained a strategic alliance. Syria supported Iran throughout the Iran-Iraq war and Iran has been… (more)

  10. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (NonApproved)** Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cambodia... Columbia Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Georgia...

  12. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  15. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

  17. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

  18. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

  19. Petroleum industry in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farideh, A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the oil industry in Iran from the early discovery of oil nearly two hundred years ago in Mazandaran (north part) to the development of a giant modern industry in the twentieth century. Chapter I presents a brief historical setting to introduce the reader to the importance of oil in Iran. It focuses on the economic implications of the early oil concessions in the period 1901 to 1951. Chapter II discusses the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry and creation of NIOC in 1951 and the international political and economic implication of these activities. Chapter III explains the activities of NIOC in Iran. Exploration and drilling, production, exports, refineries, natural gas, petrochemicals and internal distributions are studied. Chapter IV discusses the role of the development planning of Iran. A brief presentation of the First Development Plan through the Fifth Development Plan is given. Sources and uses of funds by plan organization during these Five Plans is studied. The Iran and Iraq War is also studied briefly, but the uncertainty of its resolution prevents any close analysis of its impact on the Iranian oil industry. One conclusion, however, is certain; oil has been a vital resource in Iran's past and it will remain the lifetime of its economic development in the future.

  20. Iran: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that at the end of its war with Iraq, Iran embarked on an urgent program to restore its productive capacity. This effort has been hindered by lack of hard currency and, hence, technology, parts, equipment, etc. Iran has been trying to improve relations with the U.S, over the past two years. Recently, the embargo on importing Iranian crude into the U.S. was lifted. Over the past year and a half, Iran accumulated enough money to resume imports of U.S. and other foreign drilling equipment. However, drilling has remained at a low level. Also, efforts to boost output have been slowed by war damage both on and offshore---particularly the latter---and serious BHP declines in major onshore fields that can only be corrected by ultra- high cost gas injection projects. Currently, large injection projects are only operating in three major fields: Gachsaran, Ahwaz and Marun.

  1. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  2. Managing Proliferation Issues with Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, C. Richard; Saltiel, David H.

    2002-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Any government in Tehran will be inclined to seek weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missile delivery options given the realities of its strategic environment. These weapons might help Iran to deter potential external threats, to achieve equality with other major regional powers armed with WMD, and to attain self-reliance in national security, given the isolating experience of arms embargoes. A more pluralist leadership in the future, however, may examine broader choices and trade-offs, and perhaps be less likely to cross key thresholds in WMD acquisition. In any event, Iran's WMD behavior is likely to be determined by both external factors, mainly the availability of crucial components, and internal factors, including calculations of costs, risks, and benefits. Among the benefits, psychological factors, such as prestige, will play an important role. Other important factors that might well shape Iran's WMD behavior include developments in Iraq, relations with the United States and other Gulf states, Israeli-Palestinian relations and the future price of oil. This paper offers recommendations on how the United States can best hope to influence Iranian decisions regarding the acquisition of WMD and missile delivery systems if the United States decides to pursue more direct engagement with Tehran. An engagement-nonproliferation strategy should involve at least three types of parallel efforts: public, private and indirect. Public efforts should seek to create a more positive, less-threatening image of the United States among opinion leaders in Iran. Private efforts should seek to determine the purposes, nature and extent of Iran's efforts to develop WMD and missiles and to suggest better alternatives for Iran's security and prestige needs. Indirect efforts should involve key third countries and organizations in an attempt both to address Iran's security concerns and to deny Iran access to critical WMD and missile technology and components. Russian policy, in particular, will continue to play a vital role in determining the extent to which Iran is able to pursue WMD options. Without a fundamental change in the regional security environment, however, there is little reason to expect changes in Iranian WMD and missile policies, and the United States, acting alone and short of war, cannot prevent Iran from ultimately developing WMD and delivery systems. Furthermore, U.S. policies that take a tougher line with Russia, China and North Korea are not likely to lead to more restraint among these potential sources of WMD and missile technology. In the absence of engagement with Iran, unilateral U.S. economic sanctions will remain the principal, if flawed, U.S. policy tool for seeking to prevent Iran from acquiring WMD. The rationale is that by discouraging trade and investment, particularly in Iran's energy sector, the government of Iran will have less revenue to pursue proliferation. Without broad international support for economic isolation, however, such an effort may hinder Iran's WMD programs, though it cannot block them. Finally, options are needed to deal with major failures in nonproliferation efforts. These options include measures to deter Iranian use of WMD, to defend against their use if deterrence fails, and to destroy Iranian WMD capabilities should the need arise.

  3. Power, policy and war : explaining the Iran-Iraq War.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, Jerome Denis

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The failure of traditional analytical tools in successfully predicting the end of the Cold War has seen a series of competing methods seeking to explain… (more)

  4. Iran at the Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reza

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Clerical Regime in Iran in order to stage the perceptionthat political candidates in Iran are exclusively confinedstyle charade, as a sign of Iran's flourishing new democracy

  5. Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S. [Univ. of Bahrain, Manama (Bahrain)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

  6. Iran in History Iran in History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

  7. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, C.F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.

  8. Iraq: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that no reliable information on Iraqi E and P operations and only a few reports on oil field facilities damage have been available since last August. Most of what is known originated from the Middle East Economic Survey (MEES), the authoritative newsletter covering the Middle East. According to MEES reports in major northern oil fields (Kirkuk, Bai Hasan and Jambur) is put at 800,000 bpd. The northern fields and the pipeline system through Turkey to the Mediterranean Sea that serves as an export outlet for the area apparently were not damaged much by coalition air strikes or subsequent fighting by the Kurds. Last May production was estimated at 250,000 bpd, presumably from northern fields. If and when U.N. sanctions are lifted, Iraq should be able to export promptly through the Turkish line.

  9. CHRTIENSD'IRAN ENTREHAGIOGRAPHIEETHISTOIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    175 CHR�TIENSD'IRAN ENTREHAGIOGRAPHIEETHISTOIRE Avecunenouvellepropositionsurlacroixde iranienne et la mixité culturelle qui caractériselechristianismeenIran exemple l'apport scientifique des chrétiens syriaques à l'Iran sassanideenmatièred

  10. Iraq's Oil Tomorrow Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iraq's Oil Tomorrow April 2003 By Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow John V. Mitchell the prior permission of the copyright holder. #12;Iraq's Oil Tomorrow 2 Introduction Public perceptions that the American-led military campaign against Iraq is fuelled by oil are widespread in Europe and in the Middle

  11. Iraq: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (bot load)InternationalRenewableIowa DepartmentIowa JumpIra,Iraq:

  12. Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GHOBADI, NEGAR

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Iran’s Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  13. Statement by NSC Spokesperson Caitlin Hayden on the U.S.-Iraq...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the U.S.-Iraq energy partnership and supporting the continued increase of Iraq's energy supply to the global markets. Following on that meeting, today in Baghdad, Deputy...

  14. Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question of Street Politics for Arendt readers in the postrevolutionary context of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arendt's skepticism

  15. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  16. Iraq hedges on arms inspections; CIA warns of ongoing programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfsthal, J.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International inspection terms received distinctly mixed signals from Iraqi officials during December inspection visits. Iraq's liasion to U.N. Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspection teams told the head of an UNSCOM chemical and biological weapons team that began a visit December 5 that Iraqi citizens would like to drink the blood' of the inspectors, and that Iraq would no longer cooperate with U.N. weapon inspection activities. An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) nuclear inspection team in Iraq at the same time, however, was told by its chief Iraqi liasion officer that Baghdad was finally willing to answer questions about Iraq's foreign procurement network for nuclear equipment and technology. These contradictory developments came only days before the head of U.S. Intelligence made renewed allegations about Iraq's weapons capabilities.

  17. On Demand Guarantees in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahvenainen, Laura

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??On Demand Guarantees in Iran This thesis examines on demand guarantees in Iran concentrating on bid bonds and performance guarantees. The main guarantee types and… (more)

  18. Factors affecting Iran`s future. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinai, J.

    1993-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the factors affecting Iran`s future by focusing on the demographic, economic, and military trends in Iran and their impact on the country`s national security objectives in the next decade. The paper also assesses the implications of an economic embargo on Iran and potential Iranian threats to regional and United States national interests.

  19. Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

  20. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  1. Iraq's housing crisis : upgrading settlements for IDPS (internally displaced persons)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaikley, Layla Karim

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The most recent war in Iraq has resulted in a large wave of internal and external displacement with increased sectarian violence and ethnic tension. Subsequent conflict has exacerbated conditions within the nation and ...

  2. Support of the Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria); Cochran, John; Danneels, Jeff [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Chesser, Ronald; Phillips, Carlton; Rogers, Brenda [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Iraq's former nuclear facilities contain large quantities of radioactive materials and radioactive waste. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the Iraq NDs Program) is a new program to decontaminate and permanently dispose of radioactive wastes in Iraq. The NDs Program is led by the Government of Iraq, under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) auspices, with guidance and assistance from a number of countries. The U.S. participants include Texas Tech University and Sandia National Laboratories. A number of activities are ongoing under the broad umbrella of the Iraq NDs Program: drafting a new nuclear law that will provide the legal basis for the cleanup and disposal activities; assembly and analysis of existing data; characterization of soil contamination; bringing Iraqi scientists to the world's largest symposium on radioactive waste management; touring U.S. government and private sector operating radwaste disposal facilities in the U.S., and hosting a planning workshop on the characterization and cleanup of the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Facility. (authors)

  3. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I. [and others

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  4. Impact of Kuwait`s oil-fire smoke cloud on the sky of Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alnaser, W.E. [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)] [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the Kuwaiti oil well fires of 1991 on the atmospheric parameters of Bahrain (approximately 600 km southeast of Kuwait) were observed. Solar radiation, optical thickness, ultraviolet radiation, horizontal visibility, temperature, and solar spectral distribution were measured for 1991 and compared to the long-term values of 1985-1990. The relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain was reduced by 8% (February) when 50 oil wells were burning and reduced further to 20% when 470 oil wells were on fire (April-July). In November 1991, when there were 12 oil wells burning, the recorded solar radiation became nearly equal to the long-term average. The monthly average daily optical thickness, {tau}, for the direct or beam solar radiation was calculated. The values of {tau} were found to be larger in 1991 than the average for the years 1985-1990 by nearly 58% during June and returned to normal in October (after nearly all the oil well fires were extinguished). The clear and smoked sky solar spectra distribution were detected before and during the burning of the Kuwait oil wells. Large absorption of the solar radiation was noticed on the 2nd and 3rd of March, 1991. The daily average infrared radiation during 1990 was found to be 6700.4 Whm{sup -2} and shifted to 9182.1 Whm{sup -2} in 1991. Comparison was also made between 1990 and 1991 data of the global solar radiation and the temperature. 13 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  6. Afghanistan and Iraq--$2 Trillion Dollar Graveyards of Armies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrov, Vladimir

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the projection of violent direct action in the case of Iraq and Afghanistan since 2007 through May 2011. Machine-coded events data from the free, publicly available, on-line Reuters archives was fitted to both regressor and time...

  7. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in Kurdistan. http://sites.google.com/a/mhe-krg.org/rrku/ Session Four: Mathematics December 15, 2010, 9 and Kurdistan" 9 :15 ­ 9 :30 -- Fatima Aboud : "International Cooperation in Mathematics : France and Kurdistan

  8. AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

  9. Global warming implications of facade parameters: A life cycle assessment of residential buildings in Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radhi, Hassan, E-mail: h_alradhi@yahoo.com [Global Engineering Bureau, P.O Box 33130, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain); Sharples, Stephen, E-mail: steve.sharples@liverpool.ac.uk [School of Architecture, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    On a global scale, the Gulf Corporation Council Countries (GCCC), including Bahrain, are amongst the top countries in terms of carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Building authority in Bahrain has set a target of 40% reduction of electricity consumption and associated CO{sub 2} emissions to be achieved by using facade parameters. This work evaluates how the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of buildings are affected by facade parameters. The main focus is placed on direct and indirect CO{sub 2} emissions from three contributors, namely, chemical reactions during production processes (Pco{sub 2}), embodied energy (Eco{sub 2}) and operational energy (OPco{sub 2}). By means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, it has been possible to show that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase (80-90%). However, embodied CO{sub 2} emissions are an important factor that needs to be brought into the systems used for appraisal of projects, and hence into the design decisions made in developing projects. The assessment shows that masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO{sub 2} emissions of facade construction, mainly due to their physical characteristics. The highest Pco{sub 2} emissions factors are those of window elements, particularly aluminium frames. However, their contribution of CO{sub 2} emissions depends largely on the number and size of windows. Each square metre of glazing is able to increase the total CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 30% when compared with the same areas of opaque walls. The use of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) walls reduces the total life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 5.2% when compared with ordinary walls, while the use of thermal insulation with concrete wall reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.2%. The outcome of this work offers to the building industry a reliable indicator of the environmental impact of residential facade parameters. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Life cycle carbon assessment of facade parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO2 emissions of facade construction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Window contribution of CO2 emissions depends on the number and size of windows. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Without insulation, AAC walls offer more savings in CO2 emissions.

  10. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012 11:00 am Iran

  11. Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 -Teheran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Arnoud

    Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 - Teheran, Iran Intelligent Autonomous Systems the competition. One of those teams was the UvA Drone Team. The Dutch team participating at the Iran Open 2013 to perception and control algorithms which leaded to this frame- work. The Iran Open 2013 gives the possibility

  12. Meeting report:Iraq oil ministry needs assessment workshop.3-5 Septemner 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Nuclear Security Administration, and Sandia National Laboratories met with mid-level representatives from Iraq's oil and gas companies and with former employees and senior managers of Iraq's Ministry of Oil September 3-5 in Amman, Jordan. The goals of the workshop were to assess the needs of the Iraqi Oil Ministry and industry, to provide information about capabilities at DOE and the national laboratories relevant to Iraq, and to develop ideas for potential projects.

  13. AnnalesdesPressesUniversitairesd'Iran Revuesemestrielle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LUQMAN AnnalesdesPressesUniversitairesd'Iran Revuesemestrielle Vingtidme ann6e,num6ro2 Printemps-6t62004 Num6ro de s6rie: 40 #12;LUQMAN Annales des PressesUniversitaires d'Iran Revue semestrielle R6. Les articles non publi6s ne seront pas retourn6s, Administration : Ptesses Universitaires d'Iran

  14. Iraq liquid radioactive waste tanks maintenance and monitoring program plan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis, Matthew L.; Cochran, John Russell; Sol Shamsaldin, Emad (Iraq Ministry of Science and Technology)

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to develop a project management plan for maintaining and monitoring liquid radioactive waste tanks at Iraq's Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center. Based on information from several sources, the Al-Tuwaitha site has approximately 30 waste tanks that contain varying amounts of liquid or sludge radioactive waste. All of the tanks have been non-operational for over 20 years and most have limited characterization. The program plan embodied in this document provides guidance on conducting radiological surveys, posting radiation control areas and controlling access, performing tank hazard assessments to remove debris and gain access, and conducting routine tank inspections. This program plan provides general advice on how to sample and characterize tank contents, and how to prioritize tanks for soil sampling and borehole monitoring.

  15. Examining the influence of civilian casualties on insurgent attacks in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnis, Jessica Eve

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although there have been several attempts to tabulate civilian casualties in the Iraq War, the effect of these casualties on the Iraqi population and insurgent organizations has not been thoroughly examined. From the ...

  16. Death before dismount? : mechanization, force employment, and counterinsurgency outcomes in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Raphael (Raphael E.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent research suggests that heavily mechanized armies perform worse in counterinsurgency campaigns than those that use fewer vehicles. The U.S. military's 2007 operations in Iraq, however, present an empirical quandary ...

  17. Sandia National Laboratories support of the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Danneels, Jeffrey John

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there are now enormous radioactive waste problems in Iraq. These waste problems include destroyed nuclear facilities, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, liquid radioactive waste in underground tanks, wastes related to the production of yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, activated metals and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq currently lacks the trained personnel, regulatory and physical infrastructure to safely and securely manage these facilities and wastes. In 2005 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed to organize an international cooperative program to assist Iraq with these issues. Soon after, the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) was initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to support the IAEA and assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials. The Iraq NDs Program is providing support for the IAEA plus training, consultation and limited equipment to the GOI. The GOI owns the problems and will be responsible for implementation of the Iraq NDs Program. Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is a part of the DOS's team implementing the Iraq NDs Program. This report documents Sandia's support of the Iraq NDs Program, which has developed into three principal work streams: (1) training and technical consultation; (2) introducing Iraqis to modern decommissioning and waste management practices; and (3) supporting the IAEA, as they assist the GOI. Examples of each of these work streams include: (1) presentation of a three-day training workshop on 'Practical Concepts for Safe Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste in Arid Settings;' (2) leading GOI representatives on a tour of two operating low level radioactive waste disposal facilities in the U.S.; and (3) supporting the IAEA's Technical Meeting with the GOI from April 21-25, 2008. As noted in the report, there was significant teaming between the various participants to best help the GOI. On-the-ground progress is the focus of the Iraq NDs Program and much of the work is a transfer of technical and practical skills and knowledge that Sandia uses day-to-day. On-the-ground progress was achieved in July of 2008 when the GOI began the physical cleanup and dismantlement of the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) facility at Al Tuwaitha, near Baghdad.

  18. Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reva

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

  19. Oil, power, and principle: Iran`s oil nationalizaation and its aftermath

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elm, M.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides a concise and well documented analysis of events leading to Iran`s oil nationalization and its aftermath. It also helps to understand Iran`s 1979 revolution and its current situation. The book, at 413 pages, is divided into twenty-two chapters, beginning with a review of the historical background of Iran`s oil industry from the late 19th century throught the mid-1900s. The book interlaces energy, economic, and political factors of not only Iran, but other important players such as the United States and Great Britian. Also included is a well-documented analysis of the Anglo-American coup to overthrow the Mossadeq government, which helps the reader understand why there is so much anti-U.S. sentiment in Iran.

  20. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  1. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David [President, Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE 305, Washington, DC 20002 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  2. English language policy and planning in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamshidifard, Saman

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Iran has been in the headlines in the recent years and decades for many socio-political reasons. Many of these involve the confrontation between Islamic revolutionary… (more)

  3. US foreign policy conduct in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansouri, Amir

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Die vorliegende Dissertation und Analyse ist eine umfassende Untersuchung der bilateralen Beziehung zwischen den USA und dem Iran seit dem Jahr 1953. Die darin erörterte… (more)

  4. The New Majority: A View into the Motivations and Aspirations Of Iran's Women in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheiltash, Omid

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are  wasted   in  Iran.    Arkiv  2003.    Retrieved  Esfandiari,  G.  (2003).   Iran:  Number  of  Female  Higher  Education  in  Iran?    Presentation  at  CIES  

  5. Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

  6. Analysis of 15 years of skin cancer in central Iran (Yazd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noorbala, Mohammad Taghi; Kafaie, P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluation in center of Iran. Pejoohesh in medical scienceskin cancer in central Iran (Yazd) Mohammad Taghi NoorbalaScience University of Yazd, Iran. mtnoorbala@gmail.com

  7. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  8. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN-apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombination

  9. The Iran Nuclear Crisis: An Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Sagan

    2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Will Iran develop nuclear weapons capabilities and what effects would such capabilities have on international peace and security? Despite two recent U.N. Security Council resolutions sanctioning Iran for its nuclear activities, the government in Tehran continues to press ahead with efforts to expand its uranium enrichment program to industrial scale. But both the Tehran regime and the Iranian people remain divided on the nuclear question, creating opportunities for a negotiated settlement. It is essential for US security that the Iranian program be contained, for nuclear weapons in Iran would increase risks of regional instability, terrorist use, and further proliferation. The U.S. and its negotiating partners have already missed a number of potential opportunities for a diplomatic breakthrough, but the right mix of incentives designed to address the reasons driving Iran’s nuclear program could still succeed in producing an acceptable outcome.

  10. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  11. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  12. Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Juliana

    2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront.

  13. April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    , Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

  14. Organic geochemistry and source rock characteristics of the Zagros Petroleum Province, southwest Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ala, M.A.; Kinghorn, R.R.F.; Rahman, M.

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Zagros sector of SW Iran and its continuation into N Iraq forms the tectonized NE margin of the Middle East basin. Sedimentation in the Zagros began in the late Precambrian and continued with comparatively few interruptions until the Pliocene, when strong earth movements affected the area and gave rise to the present day large, elongated NW-SE trending structures. Some of the world's largest structurally-controlled oil fields are located in the Zagros. The most productive pay zone is the Oligo-Miocene Asmari Formation, although significant oil pools are present also in the Cenomanian-Turonian Sarvak limestone and in the Neocomian-Jurassic Khami Group carbonates. Recently, large gas deposits have been discovered in the Permo-Triassic carbonates assigned to the Deh Ram Group. Geochemical studies were carried out in five potential source beds of Eocene-Palaeocene (Pabdeh Formation), Maestrichtian-Campanian (Gurpi Formation), Albian (Kazhdumi Formation), Coniacian-Neocomian (Garau Formation) and Silurian (Gahkum Formation) age. The results showed that the organic matter in these formations is almost exclusively of marine algal origin, and that the Kazhdumi is the major source of the hydrocarbons in the Asmari and Sarvak reservoirs. The origin of the hydrocarbons in the Khami and Deh Ram reservoirs is at present speculative. 19 figures, 1 table.

  15. Radioactive Waste Management and Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Progress in Iraq - 13216

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Musawi, Fouad; Shamsaldin, Emad S.; Jasim, Hadi [Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), Al-Jadraya, P.O. Box 0765, Baghdad (Iraq)] [Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), Al-Jadraya, P.O. Box 0765, Baghdad (Iraq); Cochran, John R. [Sandia National Laboratories1, New Mexico, Albuquerque New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories1, New Mexico, Albuquerque New Mexico 87185 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management of Iraq's radioactive wastes and decommissioning of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are the responsibility of Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST). The majority of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are in the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located a few kilometers from the edge of Baghdad. These facilities include bombed and partially destroyed research reactors, a fuel fabrication facility and radioisotope production facilities. Within these facilities are large numbers of silos, approximately 30 process or waste storage tanks and thousands of drums of uncharacterised radioactive waste. There are also former nuclear facilities/sites that are outside of Al-Tuwaitha and these include the former uranium processing and waste storage facility at Jesira, the dump site near Adaya, the former centrifuge facility at Rashdiya and the former enrichment plant at Tarmiya. In 2005, Iraq lacked the infrastructure needed to decommission its nuclear facilities and manage its radioactive wastes. The lack of infrastructure included: (1) the lack of an organization responsible for decommissioning and radioactive waste management, (2) the lack of a storage facility for radioactive wastes, (3) the lack of professionals with experience in decommissioning and modern waste management practices, (4) the lack of laws and regulations governing decommissioning or radioactive waste management, (5) ongoing security concerns, and (6) limited availability of electricity and internet. Since its creation eight years ago, the MoST has worked with the international community and developed an organizational structure, trained staff, and made great progress in managing radioactive wastes and decommissioning Iraq's former nuclear facilities. This progress has been made, despite the very difficult implementing conditions in Iraq. Within MoST, the Radioactive Waste Treatment and Management Directorate (RWTMD) is responsible for waste management and the Iraqi Decommissioning Directorate (IDD) is responsible for decommissioning activities. The IDD and the RWTMD work together on decommissioning projects. The IDD has developed plans and has completed decommissioning of the GeoPilot Facility in Baghdad and the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) in Al-Tuwaitha. Given this experience, the IDD has initiated work on more dangerous facilities. Plans are being developed to characterize, decontaminate and decommission the Tamuz II Research Reactor. The Tammuz Reactor was destroyed by an Israeli air-strike in 1981 and the Tammuz II Reactor was destroyed during the First Gulf War in 1991. In addition to being responsible for managing the decommissioning wastes, the RWTMD is responsible for more than 950 disused sealed radioactive sources, contaminated debris from the first Gulf War and (approximately 900 tons) of naturally-occurring radioactive materials wastes from oil production in Iraq. The RWTMD has trained staff, rehabilitated the Building 39 Radioactive Waste Storage building, rehabilitated portions of the French-built Radioactive Waste Treatment Station, organized and secured thousands of drums of radioactive waste organized and secured the stores of disused sealed radioactive sources. Currently, the IDD and the RWTMD are finalizing plans for the decommissioning of the Tammuz II Research Reactor. (authors)

  16. COLE POLYTECHNIQUE, PARIS, FRANCE & SHARIF UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ă?COLE POLYTECHNIQUE, PARIS, FRANCE & SHARIF UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN Ă?COLE DOCTORAL of Technology (Tehran, IRAN) tel-00540175,version1-11Dec2010 #12;tel-00540175,version1-11Dec2010 #12

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Trends in meteorological and agricultural droughts in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AghaKouchak, Amir

    ORIGINAL PAPER Trends in meteorological and agricultural droughts in Iran S. Golian & O. Mazdiyasni droughts and their trends in Iran, as well as several subregions with different climate conditions from, northwestern, and central parts of Iran have experienced sig- nificant drying trends at a 95 % confidence level

  18. AMERICAN POLICY AND IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME: THE CHINA ANALOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    1 AMERICAN POLICY AND IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME: THE CHINA ANALOGY For historians of American policy toward China in the 1960s, the current nuclear crisis over Iran has some eerie and suggestive parallels to Iran, Pentagon hawks saw an ideal opportunity for military action which would give China a bloody nose

  19. First evidence for large earthquakes4 on the Deshir Fault, Central Iran Plateau5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 1 2 3 First evidence for large earthquakes4 on the Deshir Fault, Central Iran Plateau5 6 7 8 of Iran, Po Box:13185-1494,Teheran-Iran.13 email: nazari@gsi-iran.org, talebian@gsi-iran.org, foroutan@gsi.ir, ghorashi@gsi-iran.org14 2: The Institute of Geophysics, University of Teheran, Teheran, Iran.15 email

  20. Embargo on Iran hurts supply firms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle, D.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When President Clinton dropped an embargo on Iran, he also collided with oilfield supply companies to the tune of some $662.5 million. The embargo locked Iran away from oil exports to the US and some imports from the US in an attempt to stop Iran from: building a nuclear weapons stockpile; threatening the Persian Gulf with conventional military operations, and supporting terrorism. Most people would agree with the need to stop that activity. But, the supply companies would have preferred something less drastic. The Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Association, and the Tom Wheatley Valve Co. of Houston, said Iran owes suppliers approximately a half-billion dollars in receivables. That money may never be recovered, and it could send some companies into bankruptcy. In addition, the embargo cuts off $325 million in business the US conducts with Iran and about half of that business goes to the oil industry. If you plug that $162.5 million into Department of Labor statistics that say each $1 million sustains 20 jobs, the industry stands to lose 3250 jobs.

  1. Oil, state and industrialization in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karshenas, M.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In contrast to its agrarian policies, Iran's industrialization drive during 1954-1977 has received scant attention. This book is the first substantive study of Iran's industrialization that also covers the oil boom years, and is comparable to some of the studies on Egypt and Turkey. It thus fills a void in the literature. The wealth of information and data and the careful analysis combine to make it a scholarly contribution to the study of economic development in pre-1979 Iran. In particular, the quantitative measurements presented in the appendices are enormously valuable to researchers. This book, is also a valuable source in a graduate-level course on economic development in the Middle East.

  2. Iran plans huge private sector MTBE plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1992-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An export-oriented 1-million m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant is planned as one of Iran`s private sector investment projects. State-owned National Petrochemical Co (NPC; Tehran) and the Dubai-based Iranian businessman Abdul Wahab Galadari have signed a letter of intent allowing Galadari to develop the venture. Colt Engineering (Calgary, AL) is assisting Galadari with costs, planning and technology selection for the estimated $300-million plus venture. An important meeting with NPC is scheduled end of this month, says Galadari, and a financial package should be put together by end of March or April. The facility will most likely be wholly-owned by the Galadari family, roughly 50% by members resident in Iran and the remainder by the Dubai-based concern A.W. Galadari Sons. NPC says it may take a token shareholding in the venture.

  3. Reliability and economy -- Hydro electricity for Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jahromi-Shirazi, M.J.; Zarbakhsh, M.H. [Teleh Shofage Co., Ghazvin (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Reliability is the probability that a device or system will perform its function adequately, for the period of time intended, under the operating conditions intended. Reliability and economy are two important factors in operating any system, especially in power generation. Due to the high rate in population growth in Iran, the experts have estimated that the demand for electricity will be about 63,000 MW in the next 25 years, the installed power is now about 26,000 MW. Therefore, the energy policy decision made in Iran is to go to power generation by hydroelectric plants because of reliability, availability of water resources and the economics of hydroelectric power.

  4. Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. -Print Version -International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. - Print Version - International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. John Deutch The New York from Iraq. - Print Version - International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php

  5. A Security Definition for Multi Secret Sharing and a Scheme Based Massoud Hadian Dehkordi, Iran University of Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Iran University of Science and Technology Reza Ghasemi, Iran University of Science and Technology Since. Ghasemi, The School of Mathematics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran mhadian

  6. The proliferation of surface-to-surface missiles and weapons of mass destruction and the emerging role of tactical missile defenses in Israel, Syria and Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, T.H.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proliferation of surface-to-surface missiles (SSMs) and weapons of mass destruction has become one of the more serious security threats to post-Cold War peace. This dissertation examines the history of proliferation within the Middle East by focusing primarily on three trend-setting countries: Israel, Syria and Iran. Building on the theoretical framework established by Lewis A. Dunn and Herman Kahn, this dissertation examines why and how Israel, Syria and Iran have procured SSMs and weapons of mass destruction. The author also includes an analysis of tactical missile defenses and their impact on proliferation trends. The final section investigates the numerous arms control treaties and supplier cartels designed to halt or slow the pace of unconventional weapons proliferation. In many instances, Iraq serves as the primary example of how well-intentioned nonproliferation efforts have fallen short. This dissertation reveals some of the major flaws in these regimes while proposing necessary improvements if nonproliferation efforts are to succeed. In conclusion, this dissertation returns to the expanded Dunn-Kahn nuclear proliferation model. By categorizing the various reasons as to why countries choose to procure unconventional weapons, a more successful nonproliferation policy can be constructed. However, this dissertation warns that without political solutions to long-term disputes in the region, western-imposed nonproliferation regimes will fail. Thus, nonproliferation policies must be accompanied or preceded by a vigorous diplomatic and political effort to solve seemingly intractable differences.

  7. Politics of oil and revolution in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bakhash, S.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elements of continuity and change in Iran's post-revolution oil strategy, the domestic forces that helped to shape oil policy, the regional repercussions of the Iranian revolution, and the manner in which the Iranian authorities have reacted to changes in the oil market over the past three and half years are examined.

  8. Iran rebuilding petroleum industry, output capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Iran which has turned away from stern isolationism this year in order to rebuild a war-ravaged petroleum industry and stimulate its economy. The reconstruction effort includes participation, under terms still not well defined, by non-Iranian companies in upstream oil and gas operations.

  9. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  10. Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices and patterns of use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafouri, Nasim; Hirsch, Jan D; Heydari, Gholamreza; Morello, Candis M; Kuo, Grace M; Singh, Renu F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HA, colleagues: I.R. Iran global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/Iran%20GYTS2007% 20final%sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices

  11. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  12. Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Khalil, M.A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

  13. The Most Sovereign of Masters: The History of Opium in Modern Iran, 1850-1955.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regavim, Ram Baruch

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study surveys a century of commercial opium production in Iran, from 1850 to 1955. From an insignificant contributor to the global opium market, Iran… (more)

  14. Saudi-Arabias forverrede forhold til Iran etter 2011. : En konsekvens av řkte indre spenninger?.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimsrud, Siri

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Helt siden den islamske revolusjonen i Iran i 1979 har relasjonen mellom Saudi-Arabia og Iran vćrt preget av spenning. Begge landene řnsker, ved ĺ spre… (more)

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - area southwestern iran Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    southwestern iran Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area southwestern iran Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Doing Algebra in...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - ardabil iran functional Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ardabil iran functional Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ardabil iran functional Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Phlebotomus perfiliewi...

  17. De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oubli.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oublié. Dernière version avant publication dans la nouveau "normales" entre les démocraties occidentales et l'Iran. L'accession au pouvoir du modéré Khatami'esquisser en Iran. Une longue parenthèse serait ainsi appelée à se résorber, permettant de relancer

  18. Israel, Iran, and the United States: A Precarious Alliance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, Roy J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The purpose of this work is to examine the relationship between Iran and Israel after Israel became a state in 1948 following the United Nations… (more)

  19. Ökonomische und sicherheitspolitische Interessen am Beispiel der Iran-Sanktionen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramharter, Christina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Die Vereinten Nationen begegnen der Herausforderung, Konflikte zwischen der internationalen Gemeinschaft friedlich zu lösen, meist mit der Verhängung von Sanktionen. Auch im Fall Iran hat… (more)

  20. The Culture of revolution: Revolutionary transformation in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kojoori-Saatchi, Autoosa Elizabeth

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The current challenges to the authority of the Islamic Republic and mass demonstrations in opposition to the presidential elections of 2009 in Iran, have raised… (more)

  1. Internet und Weblogs in der Islamischen Republik Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krenner, Melanie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Welcher Spielraum existiert in der Islamischen Republik Iran für Meinungs- und Informationsfreiheit? Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht den Zusammenhang zwischen der Entwicklung neuer digitaler Medien und… (more)

  2. Iran som Atommagt - En Magt- og Sikkerhedsanalyse; Iran as a Nuclear Power - A Power and Security Analysis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atli Larsen, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Det internationale atomagentur (IAEA) mener, at Irans atomprogram i sidste ende har til formĺl at udvikle atomvĺben, og det internationale samfund fřlger tćt udviklingen i… (more)

  3. The Economics of Energy Independence for Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Thomas W.; Milazzo, Matthew D.; Reichmuth, Barbara A.; Bedell, Jeffrey J.

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran has pursued an ambitious nuclear program with the declared goal of long-term energy independence. While this is a worthwhile and generally accepted national planning objective, it is clear that the nuclear program as now structured will not achieve it, and in fact may delay it by diverting capital and other resources from projects that would address pressing current energy sector problems and contribute to ultimate energy independence.

  4. Future oil and gas: Can Iran deliver?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takin, M. [Centre for Global Energy Studies, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran`s oil and gas production and exports constitute the country`s main source of foreign exchange earnings. The future level of these earnings will depend on oil prices, global demand for Iranian exports, the country`s productive capability and domestic consumption. The size of Iranian oil reserves suggests that, in principle, present productive capacity could be maintained and expanded. However, the greatest share of production in coming years still will come from fields that already have produced for several decades. In spite of significant remaining reserves, these fields are not nearly as prolific as they were in their early years. The operations required for further development are now more complicated and, in particular, more costly. These fields` size also implies that improving production, and instituting secondary and tertiary recovery methods (such as gas injection), will require mega-scale operations. This article discusses future oil and gas export revenues from the Islamic Republic of Iran, emphasizing the country`s future production and commenting on the effects of proposed US sanctions.

  5. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  6. UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs 7 September 2011 Denouncement comes after International Atomic Energy Agency submits a report claiming Iran continues to make advances weaponization of its nuclear program. The United States, Germany, France and Britain joined forces in exposing

  7. Biclique Cryptanalysis of the Block Cipher SQUARE Department of Information Technology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran Abstract. SQUARE, an 8-round substitution-permutation block cipher

  8. Escherichia coli: a brief review of diarrheagenic pathotypes and their role in diarrheal diseases in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Iran Jafari A1 , Aslani MM2* , Bouzari S1,3* 1 Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 2 Bacteriology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 3 National Escherichia coli, Aslani MM Address: Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran. National Escherichia coli Reference

  9. The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran Mohammad Hamid. Molecular Medicine Division, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran 2. Medical Genetics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran 3

  10. Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and Myanmar Helen ­ Sichuan Earthquake 2008 Iran ­ Bam Earthquake 2003; Tabriz Earthquake 2012 Myanmar ­ Cyclone Nargis 2008 element in psycho-social recovery and reconstruction phase. #12;Iran Model Iran: Bam Earthquake 2003

  11. A Study to Assess Needed Improvements and Barriers in Planning and Delivering Agricultural Extension Activities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khoshnaw, Yousif Khalid

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to assess planning and delivering agricultural extension activities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq for future program implementation. The study was a descriptive research and used a modified Delphi technique...

  12. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Homeland Security), and Energy producing sectors (Oil andOil Futures During the Gulf Crisis .. Figure 3.1: The Saddam Security andoil prices, investment opportunities in Iraq, government spending on the military, transportation, reconstruction, and private security (and

  13. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  14. Iran: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview OfIowa/Incentives < Iowa JumpIran: Energy

  15. Coalition of the Leaving: What Caused the Disintegration of the Multi-National Force in Iraq (2003-2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantir, Cristian

    2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    and the withdrawal of the various allies. In contrast, the topic has been understudied in the academic community. Most of the 1 Portugal and Spain Vow to Boost Ties Despite Differences in Iraq, AFP, May 4 2004. 2 research about the “Coalition of the Willing” (CW... 56-108 Chapter 4: Italy in the Coalition of the Willing 109-139 Chapter 5: Denmark in the Coalition of the Willing 140-170 Chapter 6: Bulgaria in the Coalition...

  16. La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches Le recteur Gérard-François DUMONT* La France et l'Iran apparaissent comme'autre. Pour les Français, comme sans doute pour les autres Européens, penser ce pays asiatique qu'est l'Iran

  17. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    document contains the author’s accepted manuscript. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective Mariya Y. Omelicheva Paper citation: Omelicheva..., Mariya Y. Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective, forthcoming in Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 14(3): 331-344, 2012. Abstract: Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate...

  18. Key Classification Attack on Block Ciphers Maghsoud Parviz, Math. Dept., Sharif University of Technology,Tehran, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Technology,Tehran, IRAN maghsoudparviz@alum.sharif.ir Seyed Hassan Mousavi, Math. Dept., Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, IRAN shnmousavi_iut@yahoo.fr Saeed Mirahmadi, Pooyesh Educational Institute, Qom, IRAN

  19. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  20. Control Policy--CCL Based Controls Part 742-page 1 Export Administration Regulations October 1, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , Iraq, Iran, and the Bosnian Serb- controlled areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina This part does not cover (Cuba, Libya, Iraq, Iran and the Bosnian-Serb controlled areas of Bosnia

  1. The role of energy sector in sustainable development in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golabi, Zanyar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generally speaking, both supply and use of energy in Iran are unsustainable. The unsustainable energy supply and use coupled with an unreliable and unsecure energy system have striking and lasing impacts on economic, social ...

  2. The progress of e-Government in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haghighi, Behrooz

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This thesis intends to examine the progress of e-government in Iran and its plans towards practices in the field of e-government as well as comparing… (more)

  3. Early Islamic architecture in Iran (637-1059) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anisi, Alireza

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the architecture of early Islamic Iran (16-450/637-1059). To better understand the architectural history of this period, it is necessary to specify in detail how it took shape and to describe its ...

  4. Environmental and Economical Evaluation of Integrating NGL Extraction and LNG Liquefaction Technology in Iran LNG Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manesh, M. H. K.; Mazhari, V.

    Environmental and Economical Evaluation of Integrating NGL Extraction and LNG Liquefaction Technology in Iran LNG Project Mohammad Hasan Khoshgoftar Manesh, Vahid Mazhari Iran Power Projects Management Company The combination of changing...

  5. robustly minimal iterated function systems Department of Mathematics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homburg, Ale Jan

    University of Mashhad, Iran f h ghane@yahoo.com A.J. Homburg Korteweg-de Vries Institute for Mathematics University of Mashhad, Iran ali.sarizadeh@gmail.com August 6, 2009 Abstract We construct iterated function

  6. Search for Impact Craters in Iran: Citizen Science as a Useful Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To recognition probable impact craters in Iran, we use Google Earth data in the first step. Some probable structures identified and studies suggest non-impact origin for them. Studies on other craters in Iran are in progress.

  7. Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran) J.-F. Ritz,1 H. Ghorashi, and A. Saidi (2012), Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - air tehran iran Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tehran iran Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air tehran iran Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Doing Algebra in Sather-Wagstaff Summary:...

  9. Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN: INSIGHT FROM DNA SEQUENCING_Adams@baylor.edu and Fatemeh Hojjati Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of Tehran, Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT that junipers from the southern mountain ranges of Iran are very diverse. The combined NJ tree (3,705 bp) showed

  10. Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran Shahab. The measurements from a single tide gauge at Urmia Lake, Northwest Iran, were used to train and validate the GP of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran. Tel: 0098-411-3392786 Fax: 0098-411-3345332, (e-mail: sha- hab kvk66@yahoo

  11. Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

  12. IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system Denise, as countries with a long sedentary tradition, such as China and Iran, were made subject to a single people of the steppes for over a century.4 THE CONQUEST OF THE IRANIAN LANDS Iran had suffered other major invasions

  13. POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran S Chinikar1* , SM of CCHF in the country. The Lab along with CDC of Iran (national health regulator) and Veterinary Committee on Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (NECVHFs) for surveillance and control of CCHF in Iran. Methods Since

  14. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  15. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  16. The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh an important role in Iran's economic growth. This paper examines the factors that affect stock returns in Iran by estimating the relationship between various sources of risk -- market risk, oil price risk

  17. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  18. Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin F. Masson a,, Y. Djamour b , S, Iran c International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., N° 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran d Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts

  19. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw ÂĽ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

  20. Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

  1. MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2 , Mahmmod Ghoranneviss2 and Fatemeh Hajakbari1,2 Physics group, Islamic Azad University of Karaj 31485-313, Iran. Plasma Physics Research Center, Azad University, Tehran 14835-197,Iran The purpose of this paper is to further investigate

  2. Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data Ph. Vernanta,*, F 13185-1684, Meraj Av., Tehran, Iran Received 27 January 2004; received in revised form 16 April 2004 accommodates the differential motion between the Sanandaj­Sirjan zone in central Iran and the South Caspian

  3. Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications for chronostratigraphy and collisional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Brian K.

    Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran d Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA e provenance history of Iran. The results place improved chronological constraints on the age of earliest

  4. 1 aot 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 août 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005 Je suis allé en Iran du 8 au 23 juillet. Malgré ces absences la participation de jeunes mathématiciens en dehors de l'Iran a été convenable (même

  5. Phlebotomus perfiliewi transcaucasicus is circulating both Leishmania donovani and L. infantum in northwest Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northwest Iran Mohammad Ali Oshaghi a,*, Naseh Maleki Ravasan b , Mallorie Hide c , Ezat-Aldin Javadian-6446, Iran b Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, College of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran c G'en'etique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, IRD/CNRS (UMR 2724), F-34394

  6. ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97 Fatemeh Roodbari, Farzaneh Sabahi, Mohamad and submission visit: www.iji.ir For assistance or queries, email: iji@sums.ac.ir #12;Roodbari F, et al Iran of Basic Sciences, 4 Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, 5 Department

  7. A perturbation approach for assessing trends in precipitation extremes across Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AghaKouchak, Amir

    A perturbation approach for assessing trends in precipitation extremes across Iran Hossein Tabari a of Iran using a novel quantile perturbation method during 1980­2010. Precipitation data from NASA's Modern indicate significant anomalies in precipitation extremes in the northwest and southeast regions of Iran

  8. Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran), Tectonics, 25, TC3002, doi:10.1029/2005TC001860. 1. Introduction [2] The Zagros fold-and-thrust belt of southern Iran, the longest

  9. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  10. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  11. Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    25 Nowzari et al. · Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of Environment, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran. Address: No.475, 90 alley, Ghasrodasht Av

  12. A strong seismic velocity contrast in the shallow mantle across the Zagros collision zone (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Iran) A. Kaviani 1, 2 , A. Paul 1 , E. Bourova 1 , D. Hatzfeld 1 , H. Pedersen 1 , M. Mokhtari 2 1 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran Revised version, 8 June 2007 Keywords: Zagros collision belt, lithospheric residuals in the Zagros Simple Folded Belt and positive residuals in Central Iran. This difference

  13. Comparison of soil seed banks of habitats distributed along an altitudinal gradient in northern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran R. Erfanzadeh1,* , S.H. Hosseini Kahnuj1 , H. Azarnivand2 and J. Pétillon3 1 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. 2 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran. 3 URU 420 - Université de Rennes 1, UMR 7204

  14. Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    CHAPTER 5 Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh MANA KIA Nationalist views ofIran are predicated on "a congruence 0fstate, society and culture years has detailed the various ways in which this process of imagining Iran as a national homeland

  15. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  16. Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat -Friday 22 June 2012 User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat - Friday 22 June 2012 User Message rojatafaroji hello to the University of Sheffield's 'Iran: Immigration and Visas' web chat. ghahhari88 Hello davood Hello Dear John'm khashayar the International Ambassador for Iran Internatioanal Student Ambassador _ Khashayar Welcome

  17. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN JUNIPER and Rangelands, Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT The utilization of 3,714 bp from four gene regions (nr the Elburz Mtns., Iran as Juniperus polycarpos var. polycarpos, not J. excelsa. The combined NJ tree (3

  18. Oil exports, structural change, and economic development in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emami-Khoi, A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the broad Chenery-Kuznets framework, using structural change as a major indicator of economic development, this study investigates the direction and magnitude and broad features of structural change in Iran, and the role of oil production and exports in that change. Although the study covers a larger horizon, the analysis is focused on the period 1955 through 1977. A similar but less-detailed investigation is conducted for Algeria, Indonesia, and Venezuela also, and a cross-country, comparative perspective is generated. The study shows that, in general, the structural changes in Iran have either been weak (for example, in production and employment), or they are contrary to what the model would predict (for instance in trade). The pattern of structural change observed in Iran, therefore, does not indicate any significant economic development even though per capita income increased five-fold over the period 1955 through 1977. In short, oil does not appear to have been an engine of economic development in Iran. The situation appears broadly similar for the other three countries. Based on these findings, the study offers some suggestions concerning the future economic strategies that should enhance very considerably the contribution that oil industry can make toward Iran's economic development, and should thus accelerate the pace of economic development. These suggestions may be useful to other oil-exporting countries as well.

  19. ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran teachers using prescribed textbooks at Iranian high schools in Iran, Japan and Malaysia. Based on my own testing instruments, influence how teachers use these textbooks. In Iran, the highly standardized national

  20. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  1. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  2. Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers... producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers...

  3. Iran seeking help in regaining prerevolution oil and gas flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1996-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the goals of the Iranian oil and gas industry to rebuild their oil and gas production facilities by using foreign investment. It discusses the historical consequences of war in the region to diminish the production and postpone the recovery of natural gas which is currently flared. It describes the major projects Iran hopes to develop through international partnerships and includes field development, pipeline construction, gas reinjection, gas treatment facilities, and new offshore operation. The paper also reviews the US policy on Iran and its attempt to apply sanctions towards this country.

  4. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  5. Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

  6. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. By Eric J. Hooglund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Pp. xvii+191. Notes, bibliography, and index. $19.95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshiri, Farrokh

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S 1960-1980. By Eric in Iran, J. Hooglund. Austin: 1982. Pp.Hooglund's Land and Revolution Iran, in valuable addition toobjective economic, and Iran (1960), and a few articles in

  7. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  8. Groundwater monitoring program plan and conceptual site model for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center in Iraq.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copland, John Robin; Cochran, John Russell

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Radiation Protection Center of the Iraqi Ministry of Environment is developing a groundwater monitoring program (GMP) for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located near Baghdad, Iraq. The Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center was established in about 1960 and is currently being cleaned-up and decommissioned by Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology. This Groundwater Monitoring Program Plan (GMPP) and Conceptual Site Model (CSM) support the Radiation Protection Center by providing:A CSM describing the hydrogeologic regime and contaminant issues,recommendations for future groundwater characterization activities, anddescriptions of the organizational elements of a groundwater monitoring program. The Conceptual Site Model identifies a number of potential sources of groundwater contamination at Al-Tuwaitha. The model also identifies two water-bearing zones (a shallow groundwater zone and a regional aquifer). The depth to the shallow groundwater zone varies from approximately 7 to 10 meters (m) across the facility. The shallow groundwater zone is composed of a layer of silty sand and fine sand that does not extend laterally across the entire facility. An approximately 4-m thick layer of clay underlies the shallow groundwater zone. The depth to the regional aquifer varies from approximately 14 to 17 m across the facility. The regional aquifer is composed of interfingering layers of silty sand, fine-grained sand, and medium-grained sand. Based on the limited analyses described in this report, there is no severe contamination of the groundwater at Al-Tuwaitha with radioactive constituents. However, significant data gaps exist and this plan recommends the installation of additional groundwater monitoring wells and conducting additional types of radiological and chemical analyses.

  9. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  10. L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, RALITS ET PROSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    141 L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, R�ALIT�S ET PROSPECTIVE Le recteur Gérard faire évoluer les rapports de force, plus particulièrement au Moyen-Orient, en faveur de l'Iran et, donc chiite ». Ce dernier, allant de l'Iran au Liban, comprendrait d'abord l'Irak post-Saddam, dont les

  11. COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. LMENTS MINRAUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. �L�MENTS MIN�RAUX Chemische Zusammensetzung einiger Honige aus dem Iran L Mineralische Elemente Hassan EBRAHIMZADEH Farideh HAGHCHENASSE Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Téhéran, Téhéran, IRAN R�SUM� Les éléments majeurs

  12. War by Proxy? De betrokkenheid van Iran bij de terreurbeweginen Hezbollah, Hamas en Palestijnse Islamitische Jihad.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soest, A. van

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Op welke wijze is Iran vanaf 1979 tot heden betrokken geweest bij de terreurbewegingen Hezbollah, Palestijnse Islamitische Jihad en Hamas en is het terecht om… (more)

  13. The security and foreign policy of the Islamic republic of Iran: An offensive realism perspective.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prifti, Bledar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study argues that security and foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is mainly driven by the main principles of the Offensive Realism… (more)

  14. Exploring the Health Houses Network| Iran and Mississippi A Cross-sectional Qualitative study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Sanaz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This study explores an Iranian healthcare delivery model, its implementation and outcomes in rural Iran as well as the planned deployment of this model… (more)

  15. Framing Iran: The Islamic Revolution and the Green Movement as Told Through Time Magazine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maiwandi, Nadia

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? FRAMING IRAN: THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION AND THE GREEN MOVEMENT AS TOLD THROUGH TIME MAGAZINE by Nadia Maiwandi This framing analysis was conducted to study… (more)

  16. A Content Analysis of Elite U.S. Newspapers' Coverage of Iran, 1979 and 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Melissa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study is a quantitative content analysis of the New York Times and Washington Post coverage of Iran during the period surrounding the Ayatollah Khomeini's… (more)

  17. Outside influences and ruling Iran : the emergence of the rift with the West.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Alana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Since the establishment of a united, Shi’a Persian empire in 1501 through to the overthrow of the last Shah in the Islamic Revolution, Iran and… (more)

  18. An Analysis of Residential Energy Intensity in Iran, A System Dynamics Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed M. Jamshidi

    Abstract: substantial development of counties needs to use the resources in an efficient way. One indicator that shows the degree of efficient use of energy resources is energy intensity. Statistics show that Iran’s energy intensity was in a bad situation during past years and if this manner of using energy resources continues, it will get worse.In this study a system dynamics approach is used to model changes of energy intensity in residential sector in Iran. By implementation and simulation of this model we found some reasons of this problem in Iran. Then we tried to introduce some policies to make steady improvement in energy intensity in the future. Keywords:

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - angola iran nigeria Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety and Risk Management 1600 Holloway Avenue, ADM 252 Summary: Columbia Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan......

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - area central iran Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , published by Praeger in 1991.,and RUSSIA,IRAN AND THE NUCLEAR QUESTION: THE PUTIN RECORD(US ... Source: Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin - Institut fr Mathematik, Johannes...

  1. 11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n n matrices. Show that if AB -BA is invertible and A2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Christopher Carl

    11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n Ă? n matrices. Show that if AB - BA is invertible and A2 + B2 = 3(AB - BA

  2. Energy policy in Iran: domestic choices and international implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mossavar-Rahjmani, B.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book assesses energy-demand patterns, evaluates major energy supply sources, and recommends policy guidelines intended to comprise an integrated national energy plan for Iran. The book also provides some insights for other developing countries facing similar energy options and serves as a reminder that Iran, in addition to the strategic importance of its geography, remains a potential force in international energy markets. The general policy guidelines the author proposes are: (1) to expand domestic natural gas consumption; (2) promote the use of liquefied-petroleum gas where natural gas is unavailable; (3) cancel the nuclear power program; (4) develop hydropower resources; (5) prepare an inventory of oil and gas resources; (6) hold natural gas until world prices justify exporting surpluses; (7) encourage conservation; (8) expand electric power systems; (9) coordinate national planning; (10) monitor advanced energy-technology development; (11) expand manpower training; and (12) limit petrochemical programs until they are fully assessed. 41 tables.

  3. Changing aspects of economic and family structures in Kal?rdasht, a district in Northern Iran, up to 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir-Hosseini, Ziba

    1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is offered as a contribution to the ethnography of Iran. As such it is concerned with the description of some aspects of the economic and familial life in Kalardasht, a mountainous district in the Caspian provinces of Iran...

  4. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 4, No. 7, December 2009, pp. 930933 Emerging sacred values: Iran's nuclear program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : Iran's nuclear program Morteza Dehghani1 , Rumen Iliev1 , Sonya Sachdeva1 , Scott Atran2 , Jeremy values, negotiation, Iran, nuclear ambitions, sanctions 1 Introduction At least since the end

  5. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion (IJFSE) Vol. 3 No.1 February 2013 Shabestar, I. R. Iran | 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    . Iran | 45 Int. J. Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2013 3(1): 45-53 ISSN 2251-6387 © February 2013, GHB's Journals, IJFSE, Shabestar, Iran Research Paper Short-term effects of site preparation practices

  6. Electric power restructuring in iran: achievements and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khosroshahi, Kaveh Aflaki; Jadid, Shahram; Shahidehpour, Mohammad

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the power market in Iran is not fully constructed, several key steps have been taken to meet privatization and restructuring objectives. The addition of a power exchange sector has placed the power market on par with that in other countries. Operational concerns that still need to be addressed include technical and non-technical losses, enhancing new investment, and providing incentives for introducing energy efficiency and promoting green power generation. (author)

  7. Oil products distribution in Iran: a planning approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abrishami, H.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The significance of this study is that it examines the functions of the most important element in the public sector of the economy of Iran - the Ministry of Oil. Oil is the main source of Iran's foreign earnings and the commodity most crucial to the country's economy as its prime export. Furthermore, it plays a vital role in meeting domestic energy demands. The distribution of oil products affects, on the one hand, households, small businesses, and larger industries while, on the other, it affects the allocation, in general of other national resources. Accordingly, the effects of the Ministry of Oil's policies with regard to its production-distribution system cannot be overemphasized. The research entailed has elicited certain factors: The Ministry of Oil's present system suffers from a number of weaknesses in its production-distribution design. These deficiencies involved, among others, terminal location, number of terminals, assignment of terminals to customers, substitution of other major sources of energy for major oil products, the middle distillates problem, and an outmoded distribution method and techniques. This dissertation addresses alternatives that will eliminate faults in the present system. The approach and conclusions of this research have the potential of application to any type of industry in Iran - oil or otherwise, whether in the private or public sector - that has a similar intricate distribution-system design subject to similar variables.

  8. Uppermost mantle P wave velocities beneath Turkey and Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.; Chen, W.; Molnar, P.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The uppermost mantle P wave velocities beneath Turkey and Iran were estimated by applying the conventional travel time-distance relation method to arrival times of well located earthquakes recorded at a few stations. The average uppermost mantle P wave velocity under Turkey is estimated from two stations of the World Wide Standardized Seismograph Network (WWSSN), Istanbul and Tabriz. The data are consistent with a crust of uniform, but poorly determined, thickness and an uppermost mantle P wave velocity of 7.73 +- 0.08 km/s. This velocity is very similar to that for the Aegean Sea and suggests that its structure could be closely related to that beneath Turkey. For Iran, the results calculated from travel times to three WWSSN stations, Meshed, Shiraz, and Tabriz, can be explained by a crust dipping toward the south-southeast at about 1/sup 0/ with an uppermost mantle P wave velocity of 8.0 +- 0.1 km/s. If the crustal thickness were 34 km in the north it would reach about 49 km in the south. Based on these uppermost mantle velocities, the temperature at Moho beneath Turkey is probably close to the melting temperature of peridotite but that beneath Iran is probably lower.

  9. Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction A, Vol. 32, No. A3 Printed in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    Republic of Iran, 2008 © Shiraz University DOSE RESPONSE OF IRRADIATED XRCT RADIOCHROMIC FILM* M. J. BUTSON

  10. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ongoing nuclear negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran have made greater progress on more substantial issues than any previous talks. This report argues that Iran’s unprecedented willingness to negotiate is strongly influenced by two factors: a...

  11. New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis of Other Iranian Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrbek, Tomas - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

    New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis isfahanensis, is described from the Isfahan basin of Iran. It is distinguished from the other Iranian species in Iran. THE extant and extinct species of the killifish genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827 (Cyprinodon- tiformes

  12. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 5, No. 7, December 2010, pp. 540546 Sacred values and conflict over Iran's nuclear program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Paul J.

    over Iran's nuclear program Morteza Dehghani1 , Scott Atran2 , Rumen Iliev3 , Sonya Sachdeva3 , Douglas Research, New York, NY Abstract Conflict over Iran's nuclear program, which involves a US-led policy to impose sanctions on Iran, is perceived by each side as a preeminent challenge to its own national

  13. Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

  14. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  15. U-Pb zircon geochronology of late NeoproterozoicEarly Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications for paleogeography, magmatism,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U-Pb zircon geochronology of late Neoproterozoic­Early Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran b Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 of various dimensions are exposed in all continental tectonic zones of Iran. These rocks have traditionally

  16. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  17. Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran M.H. Farpoor a, , H.R. Krouse b a Soil Sci. Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar Univ. of Kerman, Kerman, Iran b Department of Physics and Astronomy, the Univ technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

  18. La escritora iran Chahla Chafiq participa en la UA en la presentacin del libro Hacia una democracia rabe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    , August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look Simurgh Aryan Aryan Censorship Project aryan censorship in Iran based on network measurements conducted from a major Iranian ISP during the lead up Introduction Iran is known as one of the leading suppressors of Internet freedom. Reporters Without Borders

  19. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip (Iran) earth- quake using radar data from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Analysis. In this paper we report on deformation associated with the Mw6.5 Bam (Iran) earthquake determined using

  20. Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E. and Hashemi, A.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E IN IRAN Esmail Karamidehkordi*, Atefeh Hashemi** *Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran Email: e.karamidehkordi@gmail.com **Agricultural Extension

  1. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    countries' energy policies. Among the OPEC members, Iran, with 137.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves.2 million barrels per day in 2030 (International Energy Agency [IEA], 2009). Meeting 2030 demand requires gas reserves after Russia.3 Iran's centerpiece of energy policies, enforced by the National Iranian

  2. Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran) based on organic petrography, geochemistry and basin modelling: implications for source rock1 Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran. Organic matter (OM) has been investigated using Rock-Eval pyrolysis, elemental analysis

  3. To Appear in Middle East Economic Survey (MEES)-Op-Ed http://www.mees.com/cms/ China's Angst over Iran Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iran Sanctions Beijing's go-it-alone oil security could fail during any U.S.-Iran conflict Thomas W O "targeted" sanctions on Iran's nuclear program. This is a significant change. For many years, China has fifty percent of its imported oil now comes from the Persian Gulf, and any U.S.-Iran clash could

  4. Shirin Ebadi, received the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for promoting human rights, in particular, the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    , the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She was the first Muslim woman to receive one of the first female judges in Iran. She served as president of the city court of Tehran from 1975's Initiative, and the PeaceJam Foundation. She is the author of Refugee Rights in Iran (2008) and Iran

  5. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 5660 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... Short Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 56­60 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... 56 Province, Iran, 2007-2008 A Nasiri1 , *Z Telmadarraiy1 , H Vatandoost1 , S Chinikar2 , M Moradi2 , MA of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2 Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran

  6. S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8C cooler than normal during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8°C cooler than normal during December. Snow and cold weather penetrated north- ern Iran, with heavy rainfall in eastern and southern Iran, precipitation totals were normal to above normal in much of Iran during autumn 2006. (v) Significant weather

  7. Cloning of fimH and fliC and expression of the fusion protein FimH/FliC from Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran Asadi Karam MR, Oloomi M, Habibi M, Bouzari S* Department of Molecular Biology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Received: March 2012, Accepted: May 2012 is one the most important infectious diseases in Iran that needs further consideration (4

  8. Dependent capitalist accumulation in an oil-producing nation: Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zavareei, M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical and empirical analysis of underdevelopment has remained significantly limited with respect to the oil-producing nations of the Middle East. This study points out reasons for such shortcomings and then goes on to advance the analysis of the region. The theoretical framework of the study is based on a critical evaluation of the dependency model from a Marxist perspective. More specifically, the study delves into the analysis of underdevelopment in Iran by focusing on the dynamics of change in the country since the turn of the nineteenth century. The forces of change in Iran are seen to be the consequence of such external pressure on the one hand and internal resistance to it on the other. This resistance is analyzed in terms of the country's social class structure and its changing formation. The focus of the study, however, is on the fundamental class nature of change in Iran since the development of dependent capitalism began in the early 1960s. The study recognizes the interests of the United States as the single outside force most directly related to the formation of the Shah's regime as a repressive client state: the most-significant impetus for change in the country since 1963. Analyzed in detail are the economic changes of this period and the rising social and political contradictions which were the inevitable consequence of this process. The central feature of these contradictions is recognized as the promotion of capitalist relations of production motivated by the preservation of the political control of the Shah's regime. It is precisely in this context that the uprising of 1979, its success in overthrowing the Shah's regime, and its failure in maintaining a domocratic revolutionary process is discussed.

  9. A conceptual national plan for outdoor recreation in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saaidi-Ashtiani, Hossein

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the construction of Amir Kab1r (Karaj), Shahbanou Farah (Sef1d Rud) Mohammad Reza Shah (Dez) and Faranhnaz (Latian) dams have resulted in the creation of four large artificial lakes. Th1s in turn has led to the activities of water skiing and boating in Iran... is humid and subtrop1cal in character, while the interior deserts have hot dry summers and cold dry winters. TABLE 2 IRANIAN DANS AND CAPACITIES Name of Dam Reservoir ca acit million cu. m. A) 8) Dams already built Mohammad Reza Shah Empress Farah...

  10. ans cette puissance rgio-qu'est l'Iran, les don-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EDITORIAL ans cette puissance régio- nale1 qu'est l'Iran, les don- nées démographiques met- tent en diversité ethnique et religieuse d'un pays qui passe souvent pour homogène. En effet, les périphéries de l'Iran majorité perse. � l'extrême sud-est, le peuplement de l'Iran comprend des baloutches (Province du Sistan

  11. Iran sets sights on 5 million b/d of crude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Iran, currently producing 3.2 million b/d of oil, has set a production target of 5 million b/d by March 1994. On the way to that target Iran's oil flow will climb to 4 million b/d by March 1993, says A. Moshtaqhian, director of exploration and production for National Iranian Oil Co. (NIOC). With oil reserves of about 100 million bbl, Iran will find it easy to increase productive capacity, Moshtaqhian told the Gulf Oil and Politics publication.

  12. Thtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperu gnral ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Théâtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperçu général �ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK Sorbonne Nouvelle ­ Paris 3, UMR 7528 « Mondes iranien et indien » L'Iran possède à la fois un théâtre rituel encore très vivace siècle, ne doit rien à l'Occident. La question de l'existence d'un théâtre indigène en Iran s

  13. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  14. U.S. Public Diplomacy toward Iran: Structures, Actors, and Policy Communities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izadi, Foad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This dissertation is an in depth study of the structures, actors, and policy communities associated with U.S. public diplomacy toward Iran. Since 2006, the U.S.… (more)

  15. Correspondences: A personal photographic journey between past/Iran and present/Australia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javan, Katayoun

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This project is an autobiographical photography series entitled: Correspondences; A personal photographic journey between past/Iran and present/Australia. This series of photographs are partly influenced by… (more)

  16. The ties that bind : Iran and Hamas' principal-agent relationship.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, Amy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The evolution of the Iran-Hamas relationship can be mapped using Principal-Agent analysis. It is a cost-benefit approach based on rational choice theory. In contrast to… (more)

  17. System transferability of public hospital facility management between Germany and Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banedj-Schafii, Mandana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The subject of this PhD-thesis is the transferability of Facility Management (FM) by using the example of hospitals in Germany and Iran. The intention is… (more)

  18. Evaluation of Horizontal Seismic Hazard of Shahrekord, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amiri, G. Ghodrati [Iran University of Science and Technology--Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord, Narmak, Tehran 16846 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dehkordi, M. Raeisi [Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Amrei, S. A. Razavian [College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kamali, M. Koohi [Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents probabilistic horizontal seismic hazard assessment of Shahrekord, Iran. It displays the probabilistic estimate of Peak Ground Horizontal Acceleration (PGHA) for the return period of 75, 225, 475 and 2475 years. The output of the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis is based on peak ground acceleration (PGA), which is the most common criterion in designing of buildings. A catalogue of seismic events that includes both historical and instrumental events was developed and covers the period from 840 to 2007. The seismic sources that affect the hazard in Shahrekord were identified within the radius of 150 km and the recurrence relationships of these sources were generated. Finally four maps have been prepared to indicate the earthquake hazard of Shahrekord in the form of iso-acceleration contour lines for different hazard levels by using SEISRISK III software.

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - asmara district eritrea Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2011) Summary: Colombia East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi Source: Warkentin, Ian G. - Department of Biology, Memorial...

  20. IS OPEC'S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics); IS OPEC?S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ud din, Fateh; hazar, Hazal

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? The foundation of OPEC (Organization of Oil Exporting Countries) was laid in the early 1960?s by the five major oil exporters, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,… (more)

  1. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  2. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  4. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  5. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  7. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  8. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

  10. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  11. Extended Abstracts of the 38th Iranian International Conference on Mathematics 3-6 September 2007, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran, pp 377-379

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weske, Mathias

    , University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran, pp 377-379 ACCEPTING MORE GENERAL FORMS OF QBFS MOHAMMAD GHASEMZADEH1

  12. Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor -To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor - expert To build a thermonuclear misunderstood." Work to create a thermonuclear reactor has been pursued in all leading countries for several experimental thermonuclear reactor ITER in France. The project involves the European Union, America, Russia

  13. The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, claimed that the United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president portion of the higher ground. Of all the regional powers, Iran has contributed least, rhetorically sectarianism. By whipping up fear of Iran on the back of an energised Shia revival, the Saudis justify

  14. The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran Fakultt Chemie, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Germany albert.gilg@geo.tum.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boni, Maria

    The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran H.A. Gilg Fakultät Chemie@unina.it F. Moore Geological Department, University Shiraz, Iran moor@geology.susc.ac.ir Keywords: Angouran, Iran, sulfide, MVT, smithsonite, hypogene, supergene ABSTRACT: The giant Angouran Zn-Pb deposit (Zanjan

  15. A program for reducing teacher's resistance to changes in curriculum in centralized education systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results. Zohreh systems are prepared from an upper-stream reference and hand over teachers' disposal . Curricula in Iran as Polya had said. And so curricula developers in Iran tried to integrate Polya's method in math books

  16. ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http://jsciences.ut.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Gerta

    ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in Southwestern Iran B. Darvishzad,1,* E. Ghasemi-Nejad,2 S. Ghourchaei,2 and G of Iran 2 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Islamic Republic

  17. Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications for Caspian subsidence and Collision-Related Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications, University of Tehran, Iran Abstract. Crystallization and thermal histories of two plutons in the northwestern Alborz (also Elburz, Elburs) Mountains, northern Iran were obtained by U/Pb, 40 Ar/39 Ar, and (U

  18. 43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel-lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1 , GH Tah-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel- lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1, Iran; 3 Institut fĂĽr Bienenkunde, Karl-von- Frisch-Weg 2, D-61440 Oberursel, Deutsch- land) Bis zu den in Iran Up to the political changes in 1979, many queens (Midnight and Starline hybrids) were imported

  19. Distribution of the right-lateral strikeslip motion from the Main Recent Fault to the Kazerun Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities F. Tavakoli a,b , A. Walpersdorf a Center, Meraj Ave. Azadi Sq., P.O.Box 13185-1684, Tehran, Iran c CEREGE, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille-3 Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran e Institut de

  20. Pn Tomographic Velocity and Anisotropy beneath the Iran Region by Yan L, Bin Liu, Shunping Pei, Youshun Sun, M. Nafi Toksz, and Xiangfang Zeng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Youshun

    Short Note Pn Tomographic Velocity and Anisotropy beneath the Iran Region by Yan LĂĽ, Bin Liu and anisotropy models of the upper- most mantle beneath the Iran region. A total of 74,375 Pn phase readings from). The tomography results show some interesting anomalies. The average Pn velocity under the Iran region

  1. arXiv:heplat/0610083v1 Hadron and Lepton School and Conference, Tehran, Iran, May 19th 2006 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet,

    arXiv:hep­lat/0610083v1 13 Oct 2006 Hadron and Lepton School and Conference, Tehran, Iran, May 19th, Iran, May 19th 2006 L (a) (b) L # Figure 1: Two potentially relevant graphs to the h#22;qqi

  2. Huge natural gas reserves central to capacity work, construction plans in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Questions about oil production capacity in Iran tend to mask the country's huge potential as a producer of natural gas. Iran is second only to Russia in gas reserves, which National Iranian Gas Co. estimates at 20.7 trillion cu m. Among hurdles to Iran's making greater use of its rich endowment of natural gas are where and how to sell gas not used inside the country. The marketing logistics problem is common to other Middle East holders of gas reserves and a reason behind the recent proliferation of proposals for pipeline and liquefied natural gas schemes targeting Europe and India. But Iran's challenges are greater than most in the region. Political uncertainties and Islamic rules complicate long-term financing of transportation projects and raise questions about security of supply. As a result, Iran has remained mostly in the background of discussions about international trade of Middle Eastern gas. The country's huge gas reserves, strategic location, and existing transport infrastructure nevertheless give it the potential to be a major gas trader if the other issues can be resolved. The paper discusses oil capacity plans, gas development, gas injection for enhanced oil recovery, proposals for exports of gas, and gas pipeline plans.

  3. Thermal insulation standards for residential building envelopes in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslami, H.M.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project develops thermal-insulation standards for residential-building envelopes in Iran which would later serve as the groundwork for development of thermal-insulation regulations in the country. The energy performance of the opaque components of present common construction systems was studied. The results clearly indicate the need for improvement of the energy performance of building components through the application of thermal insulation. The initial cost of insulating the building varied from 2.0-3.5% of the total construction cost, depending on the climate location, form and size of the building. Discounted pay-back period ranged from two to four years. Component performance standards were developed with prescriptive recommendations to meet with the level of technical skills of the parties involved in the implementation and control of standards. The macro-economic assessment of insulation standards proves annual savings of billions of Rials on the national level and also the creation of more jobs in construction-related industries.

  4. Municipal solid waste management in Rasht City, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alavi Moghadam, M.R. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: alavi@aut.ac.ir; Mokhtarani, N. [Jahesh Kimia Company, No. 26, Sadeghi St., Azadi Avenue, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: mokhtarani@jaheshkimia.com; Mokhtarani, B. [Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center, P.O. Box 14335-186 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: mokhtaranib@ccerci.ac.ir

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Pollution and health risks generated by improper solid waste management are important issues concerning environmental management in developing countries. In most cities, the use of open dumps is common for the disposal of wastes, resulting in soil and water resource contamination by leachate in addition to odors and fires. Solid waste management infrastructure and services in developing countries are far from achieving basic standards in terms of hygiene and efficient collection and disposal. This paper presents an overview of current municipal solid waste management in Rasht city, Gilan Province, Iran, and provides recommendations for system improvement. The collected data of different MSW functional elements were based on data from questionnaires, visual observations of the authors, available reports and several interviews and meetings with responsible persons. Due to an increase in population and changes in lifestyle, the quantity and quality of MSW in Rasht city has changed. Lack of resources, infrastructure, suitable planning, leadership, and public awareness are the main challenges of MSW management of Rasht city. However, the present situation of solid waste management in this city, which generates more than 400 tons/d, has been improved since the establishment of an organization responsible only for solid waste management. Source separation of wastes and construction of a composting plant are the two main activities of the Rasht Municipality in recent years.

  5. Bahrain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Jump to:Ayuda:PalabrasBadema Jump to:Strategy

  6. Mineralogical Characteristics of Specimens of a Meteorwrong Fall from NW Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early hours of October 22, 2011, people of a small town in NW Iran, called Khameneh (38{\\deg}11'47" N, 45{\\deg}38'14" E) noticed sounds of some colliding objects to home roofs and yard floors. Mineralogical investigations revealed the terrestrial and man-made origin of these stony samples.

  7. Estimation of height-dependent solar irradiation and application to the solar climate of Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samimi, J. (Sharif Univ of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of))

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An explicitly height-dependent model has been used to estimate the solar irradiation over Iran which has a vast range of altitudes. The parameters of the model have been chosen on general grounds and not by parameters best fitting to any of the available measured irradiation data in Iran. The estimated global solar irradiation on the horizontal surface shows a very good agreement (4.1% deviation) with the 17-year long pyranometric measurements in Tehran, and also, is in good agreement with other, shorter available measured data. The entire data base of the Iranian meteorological stations have been used to establish a simple relation between the sunshine duration records and the cloud cover reports which can be utilized in solar energy estimations for sites with no sunshine duration recorders. Clear sky maps of Iran for direct solar irradiation on tracking, horizontal, and south-facing vertical planes are presented. The global solar irradiation map for horizontal surface with cloudiness is zoned into four irradiation zones. In about four-fifths of the land in Iran, the annual-mean daily global solar irradiation on horizontal surface ranges from 4.5 to 5.4 kWh/m[sup 2].

  8. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  9. India Walking a Tightrope : A case study of the U.S. influence on India’s policies towards Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dufva, Inger Elise Houge

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??In this thesis I have investigated the degree of U.S. influence on India’s room of manoeuvre with regard to Iran. India has several incentives to… (more)

  10. Cultivat(ing) modernities : the Society for National Heritage, political propaganda and public architecture in twentieth-century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigor, Talinn, 1972-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in ...

  11. Evidence-based spatial intervention for regeneration of deteriorating urban areas, a case of study from Tehran, Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rismanchian, Omid

    2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. ...

  12. Iran and the Boomeranging Cartoon Wars: Can Public Spheres At Risk Ally With Public Spheres Yet to be Achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M. J.

    Twelve cartoons, published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005, nine cartoons published in the Tehran newspaperIran in May 2006, and two hundred eighty-two cartoons curated in Tehran in September 2006 ...

  13. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  14. POUR L'OBTENTION DU GRADE DE DOCTEUR S SCIENCES B.Sc. in electronical engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Thran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Téhéran, Iran et de nationalité iranienne acceptée sur proposition du jury

  15. To appear in Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Workshop on Free and Open Communications on the Internet, August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    University of Technology, Téhéran, Iran et de nationalité iranienne acceptée sur proposition du jury

  16. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  17. Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

  18. Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters. Volume 1: Investigations and prosecutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, L.E.

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November 1986, two secret U.S. Government operations were publicly exposed, potentially implicating Reagan Administration officials in illegal activities. These operations were the provision of assistance to the military activities of the Nicaraguan contra rebels during an October 1984 to October 1986 prohibition on such aid, and the sale of U.S. arms to Iran in contravention of stated U.S. policy and in possible violation of arms-export controls. In late November 1986, Reagan Administration officials announced that some of the proceeds from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran had been diverted to the contras. As a result of the exposure of these operations, Attorney General Edwin Meese III sought the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate and, if necessary, prosecute possible crimes arising from them. This is the final report of that investigation.

  19. Paleogeography of major accumulation stages of Lower Mesozoic coal deposits in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bragin, Yu.N.; Golubev, S.A.; Polyanski, B.V.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accumulation of the Upper Triassic-Jurassic coal-bearing deposits in Iran took place on a tectonically heterogeneous territory of the Mediterranean belt, at the junction with the Turanian platform, in a setting of alluvial-deltaic plains that in the south were superseded by a marine sedimentation environment. This paleogeographic setting was compounded by the secondary paleolandscape zonality due largely to the block structure of Iran's territory. Individual blocks, elevated along the faults and bounding them, formed an archipelago of lowland islands and affected the distribution of peat formation and marine facies. For the first time a new stratigraphic basis has been used to correlate more than 40 lithostratigraphic profiles to trace the time and space succession of the paleolandscape settings for the three principal stages of the Late Triassic-Jurassic sediment and peat accumulation. (10 refs.)

  20. Role of Wind in Vernacular Architecture of Hot and Humid Region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafabadi, R. A.; Daneshvar, K.; Pakseresht, K.; Pooryousefzadeh, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the total framework which underlies architecture. Vernacular architecture in hot and humid regions of Iran has strong bonds with local climate. Shenasil, Taremi and Wind towers are the features that have developed according to climatic considerations... of different climatic elements on the vernacular architecture with a focus on humidity and air currents. Then, natural ventilation and the architectural elements involving it will be discussed. Finally, the wind towers of the region...

  1. Circumstances surrounding the government's approval of nuclear-related exports to Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staats, E.B.

    1980-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In June 1978 the Department of Energy concluded that a proposed equipment export to Iran did not present a nuclear weapons proliferation risk. GAO believes the Department of Energy's review of that export was not as comprehensive as it should have been. The absence of sufficient information on the exact nature of the export prevented GAO from reaching an independent conclusion about its proliferation significance.

  2. Alternative energy sources in Iran: the state-of-the-art

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabzevari, A.; Yaghoubi, M.A.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran, the country well known for its enormous proven reserves of oil (fourth largest in the world), natural gas (second largest), and coal (considerable) is also one of the most favourable countries for utilization of solar, wind and other alternative energy sources. Depsite an average of 5 KWh/m/sup 2//day of solar energy over a large land area, and sites with frequent wind velocities of 7 m/s, very little attention has been paid to non-fossil fuels. Petroleum, on the other hand, has not only been the main fuel for Iran, but has also provided the country with its major revenue. Furthermore, the low cost of oil and gas has pushed the alternative energy sources into an unfavorable position. The main question is, for how long can such an energy picture go on. To answer this important question, the authors have attempted, firstly, to draw a concise energy picture (fuel and power production, distribution, demands and policies), and secondly, to list the potentials of the alternative energy sources. The paper also includes a critical review of the work done and the programs in connection with alternative energies in Iran.

  3. Estimation and projection of the demand for refined petroleum products in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kianian, S.A.; Amin, M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of this study is to construct an econometric model for estimation and projection of oil-refined products in Iran based on the situation of the Iranian energy market. Part 1 reviews the existing literature and contains the salient socio-economic futures of OPEC countries in general and of Iran in particular. Explanation of the structure of Iran's domestic energy market (demand, supply, and price) is the main purpose of this part. In Part 2, the demand function for each refined petroleum product is analyzed, formulated, and estimated. The price and income elasticities of the demands for gasoline, kerosene, gas oil and fuel oil are analyzed and compared with those of other countries. In Part 3, after analyzing and estimating the demand functions for total refined products, first, the full model, including all the estimated demand functions is dynamically simulated over the sample periods (1955-1978) in order to evaluate the performance power of the model, then the amount of consumption of each refined product for the next decade (1979-1988), under three scenarios of the rate of growth of real GNP, 9%, 7% and 5% is projected.

  4. 1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie �mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

  5. Nationalization of the oil industry in Iran 1951-1953: a study in cold war diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qaim-Maqami, Linda Wills

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ort, facing p. 3)0. 23 The means of oil transportation were also controlled. by the seven~ together they owned. 5' of the world. tanker fleet and were under contract to two-thirds of private tankers. AU. pipelines outside the United States ware...NATIONALIZATION OF THE OIL INDUSTRY IN IRAN 195l-1953s A STUN IN COLD WAR DIPLIRAOI LINDA NILLS /AIM-lQLQAXI Sulaitte4 to the Graduate Callege of Texme AAH Vhiverssity & yartiel fulfiI1msnt of the requirement for the Legree of December 1973...

  6. Towards Building KurdNet, the Kurdish WordNet Purya Aliabadi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .it@gmail.com Mohammad Sina Ahmadi University of Kurdistan Sanandaj, Iran reboir.ahmadi@gmail.com Shahin Salavati University of Kurdistan Sanandaj, Iran shahin.salavati@ieee.org Kyumars Sheykh Esmaili Nanyang Technological in Kurdistan, a large geographical region spanning the intersections of Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. Kurdish

  7. Daily and Long Term Variations of Out-Door Gamma Dose Rate in Khorasan Province, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toossi, M. T. Bahreyni; Bayani, SH. [Environmental dosimetery laboratory, Medical Physics Research Center, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In Iran before 1996, only a few hot spots had been identified, no systematic study had been envisaged. Since then preparation of out-door environmental gamma radiation map of Iran was defined as a long term goal in our center, at the same time simultaneous monitoring of outdoor gamma level in Khorasan was also proposed. A Rados area monitoring system (AAM-90) including 10 intelligent RD-02 detector and all associated components were purchased. From 2003 gradually seven stations have been setup in Khorasan. For all seven stations monthly average and one hour daily average on four time intervals have been computed. Statistically no significant differences have been observed. This is also true for monthly averages. The overall average dose rate for present seven stations varies from 0.11 {mu}Sv{center_dot}h{sup -1} for Ferdows, to 0.04 {mu}Sv{center_dot}h{sup -1} for Dargaz. Based on our data, 50 minutes sample in any time interval is an accurate sample size to estimate out door Gamma dose rate.

  8. The New York Times' Framing of Involvement of the Russian Federation in Arms and Nuclear Trade with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2009-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagiev, Artem

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the mediated portrait of nuclear and arms trade between Russia and Iran in The New York Times in 2009-2011, applying framing theory as a tool. I used three frames, pre-defined in earlier studies: ...

  9. THE HIGH BACKGROUND RADIATION AREA IN RAMSAR IRAN: GEOLOGY, NORM, BIOLOGY, LNT, AND POSSIBLE REGULATORY FUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karam, P. A.

    2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The city of Ramsar Iran hosts some of the highest natural radiation levels on earth, and over 2000 people are exposed to radiation doses ranging from 1 to 26 rem per year. Curiously, inhabitants of this region seem to have no greater incidence of cancer than those in neighboring areas of normal background radiation levels, and preliminary studies suggest their blood cells experience fewer induced chromosomal abnormalities when exposed to 150 rem ''challenge'' doses of radiation than do the blood cells of their neighbors. This paper will briefly describe the unique geology that gives Ramsar its extraordinarily high background radiation levels. It will then summarize the studies performed to date and will conclude by suggesting ways to incorporate these findings (if they are borne out by further testing) into future radiation protection standards.

  10. Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forozani, Ghasem

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

  11. Results of a hospital waste survey in private hospitals in Fars province, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Askarian, Mehrdad; Vakili, Mahmood; Kabir, Gholamhosein

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hospital waste is considered dangerous because it may possess pathogenic agents and can cause undesirable effects on human health and the environment. In Iran, neither rules have been compiled nor does exact information exist regarding hospital waste management. The survey presented in this article was carried out in all 15 private hospitals of Fars province (Iran) from the total numbers of 50 governmental and private hospitals located in this province, in order to determine the amount of different kinds of waste produced and the present situation of waste management. The results indicated that the waste generation rate is 4.45 kg/bed/day, which includes 1830 kg (71.44%) of domestic waste, 712 kg (27.8%) of infectious waste, and 19.6 kg (0.76%) of sharps. Segregation of the different types of waste is not carried out perfectly. Two (13.3%) of the hospitals use containers without lids for on-site transport of wastes. Nine (60%) of the hospitals are equipped with an incinerator and six of them (40%) have operational problems with the incinerators. In all hospitals municipal workers transport waste outside the hospital premises daily or at the most on alternative days. In the hospitals under study, there aren't any training courses about hospital waste management and the hazards associated with them. The training courses that are provided are either ineffective or unsuitable. Performing extensive studies all over the country, compiling and enacting rules, establishing standards and providing effective personnel training are the main challenges for the concerned authorities and specialists in this field.

  12. Davood Babaei Pourkargar was born in Rasht, Iran, in 1986. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Chemical Engineering from Sharif University of Technology in 2008 and 2010,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas

    -4563, Tehran, Iran; Fax 98-21-661024 2 Professor, Dept. of Civil, Struc. & Env. Engrg, State Univ. of New York

  13. EIA Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    barrel (22.05) as diplomatic sources in the Middle East indicate that the IranIraq political and military situation may be worsening. Storage: Net injections increased by almost...

  14. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    , Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

  15. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  16. The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    , Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

  17. Chronology of trap formation and migration of hydrocarbons in Zagros sector of southwest Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ala, M.A.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sixty-three orogenically controlled oil and gas fields have been discovered in the Zagros sector of southwest Iran since teh turn of the present century. Most of the fields are giant, multi-reservoir accumulations producing from fractured carbonate pay zones ranging in age from permo-Triassic to Oligo-Miocene. The most prolific oil-producing zones are the Asmari formation (Oligo-Miocene( and the Bangestan Group (Upper Cretaceous). The available geochemical evidence indicates taht the major source of the oil is the underlying Lower Cretaceous (Albian) Kazhdumi Formation. It is argued that, in the main oil-producing area, the Kazhdumi source rock was not buried to the depth required for hydrocarbon generation until the Eocene, and that not significant oil explusion took place until the Miocene. entry of oil into the reservoirs is geologically a recent event; it postdates the late Miocene-Holocene Zagros orogeny that resulted in the formation of the present structural traps. It is suggested that the development of growth structures during the Late Cretaceous and Palogene could have contributed to some hydrocarbon localization prior to the formation of the late Tertiary traps.

  18. Application of Radial Basis Functional Link Networks to Exploration for Proterozoic Mineral Deposits in Central Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behnia, Pouran [Geological Survey of Iran, Geomatics Department (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: pouranb@yahoo.com

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The metallogeny of Central Iran is characterized mainly by the presence of several iron, apatite, and uranium deposits of Proterozoic age. Radial Basis Function Link Networks (RBFLN) were used as a data-driven method for GIS-based predictive mapping of Proterozoic mineralization in this area. To generate the input data for RBFLN, the evidential maps comprising stratigraphic, structural, geophysical, and geochemical data were used. Fifty-eight deposits and 58 'nondeposits' were used to train the network. The operations for the application of neural networks employed in this study involve both multiclass and binary representation of evidential maps. Running RBFLN on different input data showed that an increase in the number of evidential maps and classes leads to a larger classification sum of squared error (SSE). As a whole, an increase in the number of iterations resulted in the improvement of training SSE. The results of applying RBFLN showed that a successful classification depends on the existence of spatially well distributed deposits and nondeposits throughout the study area.

  19. Econometric study of an oil-exporting country: the case of Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiat, A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of this study is to contribute toward an analytical and empirical work on the oil-based developing economy of Iran. It focuses on the aggregate behavior of the Iranian economy through a simple linear econometric model. After a survey of the literature on the theoretical framework of macroeconomic models for the developing countries in general, and for the oil-exporting developing countries in particular, a linear econometric model for the Iranian economy if formulated and its logical and economic aspects are explained. The proposed model consists of basic consumption, production, foreign trade, and employment relationship. Results obtained from the estimation of the consumption functions seem to indicate that the aggregate Iranian consumption behavior can be best explained by Fiedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis. In general, the results of this study demonstrate that the links between different sectors of the Iranian economy are very weak and the import-substitution strategy of the government during the period of study failed to establish a genuine domestic industrial base and to reduce its dependence on foreign resources.

  20. Effect of oil revenue on the fertility pattern in Iran, 1952-1976

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nassirpour, M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Counter to expectation based on the experience of developed nations, in Iran the increase of oil revenue from 1952 to 1975 was not accompanied by a decline in the fertility rate. To identify possible determinants of fertility behavior, the following hypotheses were tested: 1) developmental factors such as urbanization, high school or higher education of females, types of occupation and female labor force participation, have a direct negative impact; 2) the developmental variables have an indirect negative effect on fertility through the mean age at first marriage; 3) mean age at first marriage has a direct negative effect on fertility; and 4) in the provinces (Central, Khuzestan, Esfahan, E. Azarbijan) where large amounts of oil revenue was allocated, the fertility rate is lower than the fertility rate in other provinces where small amounts of oil revenue were distributed. Among developmental variables, high school and college education of females aged 15-29 as well as mean age at first marriage of females, or, lower proportion of married females age 20-24 were found to be important factors in depressing the fertility rate.

  1. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  2. Intern experience at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljamea, Najeeb Ahmad

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    n ......................................27 8. A VDU Picture of a Substation .............................................................. 35 9. A VDU Picutre of the Alarm List................................................................ 38 10... consists of : - Over-head lines : 33kv &66kv - Underground cables : 33kv & 66kv & 220kv - Substations: 33 /llkv & 66 /llkv & 220/66kv. Associated with this equipment is a protection system which utilises a network of pilot cables. The transmission...

  3. Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium VitrificationAltensolOffshore

  4. Trends of population radiation adsorbed dose from diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in Iran: 1985-1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammadi, H.; Tabeie, F.; Saghari, M. [Tehran Univ. of Medical Sciences (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In view of the rapid expansion of diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in Iran, this study was undertaken to examine trends of nuclear medicine practice in the country and to determine the mean effective dose equivalent per patient and per capita. Comprehensive national data covering 93% of all nuclear medicine centers in 1985-1989 were obtained. The total number of nuclear medicine examinations inc teased by 42% during these years. The relative frequency of thyroid investigations was 84% followed by liver/spleen and bone procedures (7% and 6%, respectively). {sup 99m}Tc was the radionuclide of choice for 86% of investigation while {sup 131}I alone accounted for 59% of collective effective dose equivalent. The annual average number of nuclear medicine procedures per 1,000 people was 1.9. For the thyroid, the highest number (48%) of patients investigated was in the 15-29 y age group and the lowest (3%) was in the >64 y age group. The male to female ratio of thyroid and cardiac patient was 0.18 and 3.64, respectively. The numbers of males and females studied for the remaining eight procedures were less frequent and about the same. The mean effective dose equivalent per patient and per capita was about 4.3 mSv and 8 {mu}Sv, respectively. {sup 131}I was responsible for most of collective effective dose equivalent produced by nuclear medicine. Therefore, future efforts should be concentrated on dose reduction for diagnostic {sup 131}I tests.

  5. Lead and other trace metals in preeclampsia: A case-control study in Tehran, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigeh, Mohsen [Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Yokoyama, Kazuhito [Department of Public Health and Occupational Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu-shi, Mie 514-8507 (Japan)]. E-mail: kazuhito@doc.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Ramezanzadeh, Fateme [Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Complex Hospitals, Keshavarz Ave., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dahaghin, Mojgan [Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Complex Hospitals, Keshavarz Ave., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sakai, Tadashi [Occupational Poisoning Center, Tokyo Rosai Hospital, Ota-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Morita, Yoko [Occupational Poisoning Center, Tokyo Rosai Hospital, Ota-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Kitamura, Fumihiko [National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa (Japan); Sato, Hajime [Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Kobayashi, Yasuki [Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

    2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To assess the effects of environmental exposures to trace metals on the incidence of preeclampsia, concentrations of lead (Pb), antimony (Sb), manganese (Mn), mercury, cadmium, cobalt and zinc in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and mother whole blood (MWB) were measured in 396 postpartum women without occupational exposure to metals in Tehran, Iran, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Mother's ages ranged from 15 to 49 (mean 27) years. Preeclampsia was diagnosed in 31 subjects (7.8%). Levels of Pb, Sb and Mn in UCB were significantly higher in preeclampsia cases [mean+/-SD of 4.30+/-2.49{mu}g/dl, 4.16+/-2.73 and 46.87+/-15.03{mu}g/l, respectively] than in controls [3.52+/-2.09{mu}g/dl, 3.17+/-2.68 and 40.32+/-15.19{mu}g/l, respectively] (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis revealed that one unit increase in the common logarithms of UCB concentration of Pb, Sb or Mn led to increase in the risk of preeclampsia several-fold; unit risks (95% CI) were 12.96 (1.57-107.03), 6.11 (1.11-33.53) and 34.2 (1.81-648.04) for Pb, Sb and Mn, respectively (P<0.05). These findings suggest that environmental exposure to Pb, Sb and Mn may increase the risk of preeclampsia in women without occupational exposure; levels of metals in UCB to be sensitive indicators of female reproductive toxicity as compared with those in mother MWB. Further studies are necessary to confirm these findings, especially on Sb and Mn.

  6. Association of ambient air quality with children`s lung function in urban and rural Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asgari, M.M.; Dubois, A.; Beckett, W.S. [Yale Univ. School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (United States); Asgari, M. [Shaheed Beheshti Univ., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Gent, J. [John B. Pierce Lab., New Haven, CT (United States)

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the summer of 1994, a cross-sectional epidemiological study, in which the pulmonary function of children in Tehran was compared with pulmonary function in children in a rural town in Iran, was conducted. Four hundred children aged 5--11 y were studied. Daytime ambient nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter were measured with portable devices, which were placed in the children`s neighborhoods on the days of study. Levels of these ambient substances were markedly higher in urban Tehran than in rural areas. Children`s parents were questioned about home environmental exposures (including heating source and environmental tobacco smoke) and the children`s respiratory symptoms. Pulmonary function was assessed, both by spirometry and peak expiratory flow meter. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced vital capacity--as a percentage of predicted for age, sex and height--were significantly lower in urban children than in rural children. Both measurements evidenced significant reverse correlations with levels of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter. Differences in spirometric lung function were not explained by nutritional status, as assessed by height and weight for age, or by home environmental exposures. Reported airway symptoms were higher among rural children, whereas reported physician diagnosis of bronchitis and asthma were higher among urban children. The association between higher pollutant concentrations and reduced pulmonary function in this urban-rural comparison suggests that there is an effect of urban air pollution on short-term lung function and/or lung growth and development during the preadolescent years.

  7. H. R. 3743: This Act may be cited as the Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1998, Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, April 29, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this bill is to withhold voluntary proportional assistance for programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the development and completion of the Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran, and for other purposes. This bill is divided into the following sections: Section 1. Short Title; Section 2. Findings; Section 3. Withholding of voluntary contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency for programs and projects in Iran. Section 4. Annual review by Secretary of State of programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency; United States opposition to programs and projects of the Agency in Iran; Section 5. Reporting Requirements; and Section 7. Sense of the Congress.

  8. Petroleum-based accumulation and the state form in Iran: aspects of social and geographical differentiation, 1953-1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imam-Jomeh, I.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paradox of impressive economic growth leading to revolutionary change in Iran demonstrates the obvious limitations of current theories in dealing with the oil-producing countries, the state, and the development planning process. The Iranian state's failure in reproducing itself becomes all the more interesting when set in its historical context of abundant capital, labor, and planning. This research argues that the regime of petroleum-based accumulation (PBA) and state intervention in Iran led to an extensive form of economic growth on one level, and to a highly differentiated form of social and geographical development on the other. The main purpose of this research is to introduce the concept of localization (the allocation of money capital to particular economic sectors, social classes, and geographical locations) of the oil rents and explore its relations with the state (form, functions, and limits), with the planning process, and with the process of social and geographical differentiation. The study's main conclusion is that social and geographical differentiation can be reduced in a localization process only where the state is democratized and access to the oil rents is regulated in a public, rather than a private, mode.

  9. 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' l'ATn(QJN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l'ATn(QJN 1966 F' 0 ul~ Llr e 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l

  10. Estimating direct, diffuse, and global solar radiation for various cities in Iran by two methods and their comparison with the measured data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashjaee, M.; Roomina, M.R.; Ghafouri-Azar, R. (Univ. of Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of))

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two computational methods for calculating hourly, daily, and monthly average values of direct, diffuse, and global solar radiation on horizontal collectors have been presented in this article for location with different latitude, altitude, and atmospheric conditions in Iran. These methods were developed using two different independent sets of measured data from the Iranian Meteorological Organization (IMO) for two cities in Iran (Tehran and Isfahan) during 14 years of measurement for Tehran and 4 years of measurement for Isfahan. Comparison of calculated monthly average global solar radiation, using the two models for Tehran and Isfahan with measured data from the IMO, has indicated a good agreement between them. Then these developed methods were extended to another location (city of Bandar-Abbas), where measured data are not available. But the work of Daneshyar predicts its monthly global radiation. The maximum discrepancy of 7% between the developed models and the work of Daneshyar was observed.

  11. Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters. Volume 2: Indictments, plea agreements, interim reports to the congress, and administrative matters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, L.E.

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November 1986, two secret U.S. Government operations were publicly exposed, potentially implicating Reagan Administration officials in illegal activities. These operations were the provision of assistance to the military activities of the Nicaraguan contra rebels during an October 1984 to October 1986 prohibition on such aid, and the sale of U.S. arms to Iran in contravention of stated U.S. policy and in possible violation of arms-export controls. In late November 1986, Reagan Administration officials announced that some of the proceeds from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran had been diverted to the contras. As a result, Attorney General Edwin Meese III sought the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate and prosecute possible crimes. Volume II contains indictments, plea agreements, interim reports to Congress and administrative matters from that investigation.

  12. Secretary Bodman Visits Iraq | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13 Page 1to Launch NewBiorefinerythe

  13. Integrating multi-criteria decision analysis for a GIS-based hazardous waste landfill sitting in Kurdistan Province, western Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharifi, Mozafar [Razi University Center for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Baghabrisham 67149, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: sharifimozafar@gmail.com; Hadidi, Mosslem [Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: hadidi_moslem@yahoo.com; Vessali, Elahe [Paradise Ave, Azad University, School of Agriculture, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: elahe_vesali@yahoo.com; Mosstafakhani, Parasto [Razi University Centre for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Baghabrisham 67149, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: mostafakhany2003@yahoo.com; Taheri, Kamal [Regional office of Water Resource Management, Zan Boulevard, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: taheri.kamal@gmail.com; Shahoie, Saber [Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kurdistan University, University Boulevard, Sanandadj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: shahoei@yahoo.com; Khodamoradpour, Mehran [Regional office of Climatology, Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: mehrankhodamorad@yahoo.com

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The evaluation of a hazardous waste disposal site is a complicated process because it requires data from diverse social and environmental fields. These data often involve processing of a significant amount of spatial information which can be used by GIS as an important tool for land use suitability analysis. This paper presents a multi-criteria decision analysis alongside with a geospatial analysis for the selection of hazardous waste landfill sites in Kurdistan Province, western Iran. The study employs a two-stage analysis to provide a spatial decision support system for hazardous waste management in a typically under developed region. The purpose of GIS was to perform an initial screening process to eliminate unsuitable land followed by utilization of a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) to identify the most suitable sites using the information provided by the regional experts with reference to new chosen criteria. Using 21 exclusionary criteria, as input layers, masked maps were prepared. Creating various intermediate or analysis map layers a final overlay map was obtained representing areas for hazardous waste landfill sites. In order to evaluate different landfill sites produced by the overlaying a landfill suitability index system was developed representing cumulative effects of relative importance (weights) and suitability values of 14 non-exclusionary criteria including several criteria resulting from field observation. Using this suitability index 15 different sites were visited and based on the numerical evaluation provided by MCDA most suitable sites were determined.

  14. The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cashin, Paul; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and Spain. The time series data for the GCC block and the Euro Area block are constructed as cross-sectionally weighted averages of the domestic variables (described in detail below), using Purchasing Power... Systemic Countries Other Oil Exporters Algeria#3; China Canada GCC Countries Euro Area Ecuador#3; Bahrain#3; Austria Indonesia Kuwait#3; Belgium Mexico Oman#3; Finland Nigeria#3; Qatar#3; France Norway Saudi Arabia Germany Venezuela#3; UAE#3; Italy Iran#3...

  15. The cretaceous source rocks in the Zagros Foothills of Iran: An example of a large size intracratonic basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bordenave, M.L. (TOTAL, Cedex (France)); Huc, A.Y. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France))

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Zagros orogenic belt of Iran is one of the world most prolific petroleum producing area. However, most of the oil production is originated from a relatively small area, the 60,000 km[sup 2] wide Dezful Embayment which contains approximately 12% of the proven oil global reserves. The distribution of the oil and gas fields results from the area extent of six identified source rock layers, their thermal history and reservoir, cap rock and trap availability. In this paper, the emphasis is three of the layers of Cretaceous sources rocks. The Garau facies was deposited during the Neocomian to Albian interval over Lurestan, Northeast Khuzestan and extends over the extreme northeast part of Fars, the Kazhdumi source rock which deposited over the Dezful Embayment, and eventually the Senonian Gurpi Formation which has marginal source rock characteristics in limited areas of Khuzestan and Northern Fars. The deposition environment of these source rock layers corresponds to semipermanent depressions, included in an overall shallow water intracratonic basin communicating with the South Tethys Ocean. These depressions became anoxic when climatic oceanographical and geological conditions were adequate, i.e., humid climate, high stand water, influxes of fine grained clastics and the existence of sills separating the depression from the open sea. Distribution maps of these source rock layers resulting from extensive field work and well control are also given. The maturation history of source rocks is reconstructed from a set of isopachs. It was found that the main contributor to the oil reserves is the Kazhdumi source rock which is associated with excellent calcareous reservoirs.

  16. Role of S??hayk??h Muh?ammad K??hiya?ba?ni? and the Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan in the socio-political history of Iran 1910-1920 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabatabai Khatambakhsh, Mohammad-Taghi

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and foreign dynasties, we had to study a great deal about the lives of individual Kings; but hardly any space was allocated to the history of social and political movements in Iran. The names of patriots and political thinkers such as K?h?iya?ba?ni? were not...

  17. S. 1228: A Bill to impose sanctions on foreign persons exporting petroleum products, natural gas, or related technology to Iran. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains S.1228, a Bill to impose sanctions on foreign persons exporting petroleum products, natural gas, or related technology to Iran. This bill was introduced in the Senate of the United States, 104th Congress, First session, September 8, 1995.

  18. The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010 Version: 28apr10a Syllabus: Geopolitics of Global Oil Graduate Program in International Affairs Development Concentration: Spring 2010 Description: What's oil's role in the Iraq war, the Iran nuclear crisis, in Afghanistan

  19. Dover Textiles - A Case History on Retrofitting Factories with a Boiler System Fueled on Coal, Wood and Waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pincelli, R. D.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shortage of affordable gas and oil boiler fuels and the recent Iran/Iraq war underscores the urgent need for the American industrial system to convert to domestically controlled fuels and particularly coal, wood, and waste. More talk than action...

  20. Polisarbete i Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banĺs, Jeanette

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? Allt började med att jag sĺg en bild av iranska kvinnliga poliser. I Sverige görs egentligen ingen större skillnad mellan män och kvinnor ur… (more)

  1. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for andFuel-Efficient Engines | ornl.gov

  2. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions and IonEnergyIonsIowaIowa's

  3. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions and IonEnergyIonsIowaIowa's8, 2012

  4. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions and IonEnergyIonsIowaIowa's8,

  5. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions and IonEnergyIonsIowaIowa's8,1,

  6. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions and IonEnergyIonsIowaIowa's8,1,May

  7. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions and

  8. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012 11:00 am

  9. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012 11:00

  10. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012 11:00Thursday,

  11. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012

  12. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012December 10,

  13. Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters. Volume 3: Comments and materials submitted by individuals and their attorneys responding to volume 1 of the final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, L.E.

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November 1986, two secret U.S. Government operations were publicly exposed, potentially implicating Reagan Administration officials in illegal activities. These operations were the provision of assistance to the military activities of the Nicaraguan contra rebels during an October 1984 to October 1986 prohibition on such aid, and the sale of U.S. arms to Iran in contravention of stated U.S. policy and in possible violation of arms-export controls. In late November 1986, Reagan Administration officials announced that some of the proceeds from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran had been diverted to the contras. As a result, Attorney General Edwin Meese III sought the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate and prosecute possible crimes. Volume III contains comments and materials submitted by individuals and their attorneys from that investigation.

  14. A social impact assessment of the floodwater spreading project on the Gareh-Bygone plain in Iran: A causal comparative approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: Ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.com; Karami, Ezatollah [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.ir

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore the social impacts of the floodwater spreading project (FWSP) on the Gareh-Bygone plain, Iran. The study was in the form of a causal comparative design, and a triangulation technique was used to collect data including the use of survey data, archival data, and a participatory rural appraisal (PRA). The causal comparative method requires a comparison of villages with and without the FWSP. Therefore, a survey was conducted using stratified random sampling to select 202 households in villages with and without FWSP in the plain. Significant differences were found between the respondents in villages with and without FWSP with regard to social impact criteria. In spite of the project had negative impact on perceived wellbeing, social capital, social structure development; it had positive impact on quality of life, rural and agricultural economic conditions, and conservation of community resources. However, no significant difference was found between women and men regarding the SIA of FWSP in Gareh-Bygone plain. Analysis of the archival data and PRA techniques supported the survey results and demonstrated that the project improved environmental criteria and deteriorated social dimensions.

  15. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson -ofMarc Morial -ThisMedgate,Department of

  16. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

  17. Groundwater investigation and modeling - western desert of Iraq.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Muqdadi, Sameh Wisam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The region of interest is part from Iraqi western desert covering an area about 100,000 km˛. Several of the large wadis such as Hauran, Amij,… (more)

  18. ORISE: Radiation Emergency Training for Iraq, South Africa and Morocco

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. Republic of Iraq - Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New EnergyAnatolia Jump to:ToolkitRenovalia Energy Jump

  20. Strengthening Our Continued Partnership with Iraq | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate Characterization ofDepartment ofTechnologiesE n

  1. Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hankyeung

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    (Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). OPEC collects...-1 and 5-3-2, may also be utilized for crack spread margins. Especially, the 2-1-1 crack spread, signifying that two barrels of crude yield a barrel each of gasoline and heating oil, is a better description of the case of heavy crude oils like OPEC basket...

  2. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  3. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  4. Fighting Iran with Trade Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    acts continued, and the human rights environment changed minimally. But, thanks to the November 2013 deal, sanctions one day may be viewed retrospectively as efficacious, because they appear to have played a necessary part in causing the economic...

  5. Iran outlines oil productive capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    National Iranian Oil Co. (NIOC) tested production limits last month to prove a claim of 4 million bd capacity made at September's meeting of the organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Onshore fields account for 3.6 million bd of the total, with offshore fields providing the rest. NIOC plans to expand total capacity to 4.5 million bd by April 1993, consisting of 4 million b/d onshore and 500,000 b/d offshore. Middle East Economic Survey says questions remain about completion dates for gas injection, drilling, and offshore projects, but expansion targets are attainable within the scheduled time. NIOC said some slippage may be unavoidable, but it is confident the objective will be reached by third quarter 1993 at the latest. More than 60 rigs are working or about to be taken under contract to boost development drilling in onshore fields and provide gas injection in some. NIOC has spent $3.2 billion in foreign exchange on the drilling program in the last 2 1/2 years.

  6. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  7. GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    ESEofAlAinandBuraimi,preservesaculmination of Jurassic and Cretaceous continental slope deposits (Sumeini Group) that was emplaced during the Late and the Hormuz Salt Basin to the north. The Jabal Qumayrah area may represent another, smaller basin. INTRODUCTION Two major carbonate-evaporite sequences of significance to the oil and gas industry are developed

  8. Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

  9. In contrast to conventional inactivated influenza vaccines, 4xM2e.HSP70c fusion protein fully protected mice against lethal dose of H1, H3 and H9 influenza A isolates circulating in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebrahimi, Seyyed Mahmoud, E-mail: smebrahimi@shirazu.ac.ir [Applied Biotechnology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-3651,Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Center of Virus and Vaccine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science, P.O.Box 14155-3651, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dabaghian, Mehran [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tebianian, Majid [Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), P.O. Box 31975/148, Karaj, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), P.O. Box 31975/148, Karaj, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabeh Jazi, Mohammad Hossein [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ideal vaccines against influenza viruses should elicit not only a humoral response, but also a cellular response. Mycobacterium tuberculosis HSP70 (mHSP70) have been found to promote immunogenic APCs function, elicit a strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and prevent the induction of tolerance. Moreover, it showed linkage of antigens to the C-terminus of mHSP70 (mHSP70c) can represent them as vaccines resulted in more potent, protective antigen specific responses in the absence of adjuvants or complex formulations. Hence, recombinant fusion protein comprising C-terminus of mHSP70 genetically fused to four tandem repeats of the ectodomain of the conserved influenza matrix protein M2 (M2e) was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified under denaturing condition, refolding, and then confirmed by SDS-PAGE, respectively. The recombinant fusion protein, 4xM2e.HSP70c, retained its immunogenicity and displayed the protective epitope of M2e by ELISA and FITC assays. A prime-boost administration of 4xM2e.HSP70c formulated in F105 buffer by intramuscular route in mice (Balb/C) provided full protection against lethal dose of mouse-adapted H1N1, H3N2, or H9N2 influenza A isolates from Iran compared to 0-33.34% survival rate of challenged unimmunized and immunized mice with the currently in use conventional vaccines designated as control groups. However, protection induced by immunization with 4xM2e.HSP70c failed to prevent weight loss in challenged mice; they experienced significantly lower weight loss, clinical symptoms and higher lung viral clearance in comparison with protective effects of conventional influenza vaccines in challenged mice. These data demonstrate that C-terminal domain of mHSP70 can be a superior candidate to deliver the adjuvant function in M2e-based influenza A vaccine in order to provide significant protection against multiple influenza A virus strains.

  10. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract KOUROS ATIGHETCHI BSc, MBA,PhD Student School of Business and Management , Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK atighetchi@gmail.com This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy... with it implications. ESL-IE-07-05-29 Proceedings from the Twenty-ninth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 8-11, 2007. Finally, this model will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi...

  11. Formulating earthquake response modes in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzger, Michael D. (Michael David), 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this paper was to try and find the optimal distribution of rescuers after an earthquake with a very large magnitude caused major damage in two different cities. A model was developed to optimally divide ...

  12. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar Home DesignPresentationsSRS RespondsLiftPetroleum SurveyApril 25, 2013

  13. Iran to build new refinery at Arak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports Iranian plans to construct a grassroots 150,000-b/d refinery in Arak. The plant, to be completed in early 1993, will be capable of producing unleaded gasoline and other light products.

  14. Iran moves to beef up downstream operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1996-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the plans of the Iranian oil and gas industry to rebuild their oil and gas processing and distribution network. It describes the construction and operation of two natural gas processing plants along with a gas condensate processing plant. Another project is a liquefied petroleum gas processing facility which is also discussed. Plant capacities and specifications of operations are discussed along with the various types of processing and treatment equipment and needed pipeline construction.

  15. Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs space Combined Routes12thnear DPEnvironmentalNew

  16. Iran Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview OfIowa/Incentives < Iowa Jump

  17. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haiti, Somalia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Cambodia. A few oldprovinces into “Iraqi Kurdistan” in the wake of Operationsometimes called Iraqi Kurdistan). The NGO representatives

  18. Frontier market analysis : a case study of Iraq's real estate industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Steven C., Jr. (Steven Charles)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Success in frontier markets could mean high returns for real estate developers and investors. In order to succeed, companies must determine how to provide their products or services in an environment that may not necessarily ...

  19. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are we exposing our staff to depleted uranium? Were chemicalabout contamination from the depleted uranium the coalition

  20. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Persian Gulf oil and the security of key friendly statesthe Oil-for-Food Program established by Security CouncilSecurity Council which were most amenable to seeing the oil

  1. Web MSNBC Search Alerts Newsletters RSS Help MSN Home Hotmail Sign In Conflict in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plant in shift to wind · Kissinger warns about the Iranian threat · Bush sees green reasons for nuclear power · Nations gather to review nuclear treaty MOST POPULAR Most Viewed · Top Rated · Most E, and the creation of thousands of jobs. Fusion, not fission Unlike fission reactors used in existing nuclear power

  2. Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson - Project Leader at NRELJoin us

  3. Statement by NSC Spokesperson Caitlin Hayden on the U.S.-Iraq Energy Joint

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the AmericasDOE-STD-3020-2005Code ofand EnergyCoordination Committee

  4. Ranking of four potential nuclear power plant sites in Iraq according to the collective dose criterion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marouf, B.A.; Al-Kateeb, G.H.; Al-Ani, D.S. [and others

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The collective dose criterion was used to rank four potential nuclear power-plant sites. Baiji, Al-Mahzam, Al-Abbasia, and Abu-Dalaf. Atmospheric as well as aquatic releases of radionuclides into the environment from the VVER 440 nuclear power plant during normal operation were used to estimate the collective dose equivalents. The results indicated that the collective doses at Baiji, Al-Mahzam, Al-Abbasia, and Abu-Dalaf were 3.6 x 10{sup -2}, 4.7 x 10{sup -2}, 1.1 x 10{sup -1}, and 1.2 x 10{sup -1} man-Sv, respectively. Thus the order of preference is Baiji, Al-Mahzam, Al-Abbasia, and Abu-Dalaf. The effective dose equivalents to the highest exposed individual resulting from atmospheric as well as aquatic releases of radionuclides from the reactor at any one of the four potential nuclear power-plant sites would not exceed 2 x 10{sup -5} Sv/yr. Thus any one of the four sites is suitable for the operation of the 440 nuclear power plants. 27 refs., 1 tab.

  5. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Smoke-free Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IARC World Health Organization

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    students aged 13-15 years--Kurdistan Region, Iraq, 2005.detail. For example, in Kurdistan, Iraq, the results for

  6. A Comprehensive Survey to Identify System Concepts & ICT Requirements of IRAN Intelligent Transportation System (IRAN ITS).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farzaneh, Kayvan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This thesis report describes the survey carried out in order to study the ITS practices in Sweden and Europe and indentifying their successes and… (more)

  7. Effect of the Brazilian arms industry on US strategy. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahne, S.D.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil's arms manufacturing capability has made great strides in the international market in the past 25 years. Thus far, the U.S. has only taken action to try and limit Brazil and their actions regarding their arms exports. This was done once because of human rights violations called out by the Carter Administration and once because of sales made by Brazilian defense firms to destabilizing countries such as Iraq, Libya, and Iran. The U.S. should see the Brazilian arms industries could provide a sharing of overhead costs and technologies. This could reduce overall unit prices for two countries' major weapon systems and help promote greater hemispheric stability. Brazil has announced they are open to this. It is up to the U.S. to seize the opportunity.

  8. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  9. arak iran graphite: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OF THE BNL, in the first phase of the E951 experiment, graphite and carbon-carbon composite targets were exposed to the AGS materials selected for the experiment are ATJ...

  10. Die Todesstrafe an Jugendlichen in der Islamischen Republik Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sailer, Johanna Georgina Petra

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Die Praxis der Hinrichtung von Minderjährigen verstößt in mehrfacher Hinsicht gegen internationale Menschenrechtsstandards. Einerseits ist die Todesstrafe an sich, wie sie im iranischen Recht geregelt… (more)

  11. The rise and fall of presidential power in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Donavan.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This project explores the power dynamics within the Iranian political system, asking what accounts for the rise and fall of a president's power relative to… (more)

  12. The energy connection in the Iran-Contra affair

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forscher, F.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author believes that choices about America's energy future cannot be left in the hands of technocrats. Governments and energy companies choose ''hard'' technologies not only because of their deeply ingrained belief of technical fixes, but also because policies that emphasize those technologies tend to maximize their power and control over society's wealth and decision making. Hence, the first and foremost energy policy recommendation must be increasing public awareness of the dangers of U.S. energy vulnerability, and better education about the link between our economy, energy use, and the quality of the environment.

  13. Recent Results of IRAN-T1 Tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorranian, D.; Ghoranneviss, M.; Salem, M. K.; Mahmoodi D, M.; Arvin, R.; Talebitaher, Alireza; Abhari, Ali [Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Campus, Islamic Azad University, Poonak, Hesarak, Tehran (14736) (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khorshid, P. [Physics Dept., Mashhad Campus, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hojabri, A. [Physics Dept., Karaj Campus, Islamic Azad University, Karaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article after introducing the IR-T1 tokamak and its diagnostic systems a brief discussion on the range of grossly stable operating conditions of its plasma by Hugill diagram is presented. Hard disruption instability is studied experimentally in the next part, which confirms that MHD behavior in small tokamaks can be characterized by a single parameter q(a), safety factor at plasma edge. Finally the characteristics of the new regime of IR-T1 are reported. By our new model of triggering different fields (toroidal, ohmic and vertical), the plasma duration time is increased up to 35 ms with Ip of about 25 kA. By modifying capacitance and charging voltage of ohmic and vertical fields the spike oscillations which was appeared in the plasma behavior is taken out. The role of cleaning the vacuum chamber and using heavier gas for glow discharge and the effect of base pressure is described in detail.

  14. Trace metals in tap water from Tehran, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shariatpanahi, M.; Anderson, A.C.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 272 tap water samples were collected from 68 homes throughout the city of Tehran. Analysis for cadmium, zinc, lead, copper, arsenic, iron and manganese showed some accumulation of these metals in household piping overnight. However, the concentration of all metals was in the parts per billion (ug/l) range and well below international standards. Heavy metals in Tehran's drinking water therefore, do not pose a significant acute health hazard. 19 references, 2 tables.

  15. Coliphages and bacteria in ground water from Tehran, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shariatpanahi, M.; Anderson, A.C.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the microbial quality of Tehran's ground water and selected springs, using coliphages and selected bacteria as indicator organisms. The water table in Tehran varies from approximately 160 meters in the north to approximately 5 meters in the south. Individual wells and subterranean man-made aqueducts (qanate) tap the ground water. Since Tehran lacks municipal sewage facilities, waste disposal is by means of seepage pits, privies and leaching cesspools. There is potential for waste from these sites to leach into the ground water, particularly in the south where the water table is near the surface and the clay content of the soil holds moisture during periods of heavy rainfall.

  16. Microearthquakes and crustal structure off the Makran coast of Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niazi, M.; Shimamura, H.; Matsu'ura, M.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the basis of bathymetric an seismic data collected recently off the coast of Makran in the Gulf of Oman, it has been suggested that the folding of the sediments at the northern edge of the abyssal plain is taking place at the present time. The folding is thought to be the consequence of ongoing subduction of the Arabian plate beneath the Eurasian Lithosphere along the Makran coast. Th model assigns a far more significant role to the Makran coast in shaping the tectonics of the region than has thus far been assumed.

  17. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectrics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012December

  18. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Determination of CO, H

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012DecemberFebruary

  19. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy for Catalysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5,

  20. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Fighting Cancer with Nanoparticle Medicines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5,October 13, 2011 4:00

  1. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Transport Measurements by Scanning Probe Microscopy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5,October

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates 4-7 Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates united Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - ain-united arab emirates Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates earthquakes Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  6. U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

  7. Gas Centrifuges and Nuclear Proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas centrifuges have been an ideal enrichment method for a wide variety of countries. Many countries have built gas centrifuges to make enriched uranium for peaceful nuclear purposes. Other countries have secretly sought centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. In more recent times, several countries have secretly sought or built gas centrifuges in regions of tension. The main countries that have been of interest in the last two decades have been Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Currently, most attention is focused on Iran, Pakistan, and North Korea. These states did not have the indigenous abilities to make gas centrifuges, focusing instead on illicit and questionable foreign procurement. The presentation covered the following main sections: Spread of centrifuges through illicit procurement; Role of export controls in stopping proliferation; Increasing the transparency of gas centrifuge programs in non-nuclear weapon states; and, Verified dismantlement of gas centrifuge programs. Gas centrifuges are important providers of low enriched uranium for civil nuclear power reactors. They also pose special nuclear proliferation risks. We all have special responsibilities to prevent the spread of gas centrifuges into regions of tension and to mitigate the consequences of their spread into the Middle East, South Asia, and North Asia.

  8. The More Things Stay the Same the More They Change : : Measuring Changing Levels of Human Rights Using Computational Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fariss, Christopher J.

    IRAQ SYRIA MAURITIUS SURINAME MALI GUYANA GERMAN FEDERALBRAZZAVILLE) DOMINICAN REP SURINAME TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

  9. Countries with Estimated or Reported Tuberculosis Incidence, 2009 "High Incidence" areas are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    China India Namibia Sri Lanka Colombia Indonesia Nepal Sudan Comoros Iraq Nicaragua Suriname Congo Japan

  10. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  11. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  12. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  13. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  14. The European Mathematical Society Committee for Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Conference on Revitalizing Research in Kurdistan in Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq. Among my projects for next year

  15. WATER SECURITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST GROWING CONFLICT OVER DEVELOPMENT IN THE EUPHRATES-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    and Iraq's historic rights, irrigation projects, dependence on agriculture and relationship with Kurdistan

  16. Cryptanalysis and improvements on some graph-based authentication schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Salahaddin University, College of Science Mathematics Department, Kurdistan, Iraq email:herish omer69@yahoo

  17. Coordinamento e Organizzazione Micaela Lepore,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", UniversitĂ  di

    Valorizzazione del Patrimonio culturale della Regione del Kurdistan in Iraq Carlo Giovanni Cereti, Dipartimento

  18. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    percent of the world’s oil reserves, additional leverage inin size. Kuwait’s oil reserves, while relatively large, onlyto offset Iraqi Proven oil reserves figures from Humphreys

  19. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    found in the study: Acetone, Acrolein**, Benzene, Carbon Disulfide, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloromethane, Toluene Acrolein and Hexachlorobutadiene were occasionally detected far above the MEG ratio--over 1800 percent above the MEG for Acrolein and over 500 percent above the MEG for Hexachlorobutadiene. Plaintiffs

  20. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the disruption of oil production and distribution in therespect to Persian Gulf oil production, since it reflectssectors, especially oil production and drilling sectors.

  1. Collateral Damage In Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Jason Scott

    2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    justice system, the degree to which middle scorers buy in to the master narratives or national stories regarding justifications for collateral damage, and ability of middles to formulate and articulate counter narratives. The continued relevancy of Erich...

  2. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Links Between Conflict and Economic Activity." The JournalFirms? ” The American Economic Review, Vol 97, no. 5, ppKilian, Lutz. 2008. "The Economic Effects of Energy Price

  3. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forthcoming. “The Impact of Oil Price Shocks on the U.S.On the Dynamic Effects of Oil Price Shocks: A Study Usingand Destruction Responses to Oil Price Changes. ” Journal of

  4. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    increase short-term oil prices, investment opportunities infor oil drilling, which would be a good investment relativeoil and other energy related industries. On the other hand, industries in which consumer demand and investment

  5. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that increases short-term demand for oil. 10 More generally,short-term spikes in the demand for oil have had as large ana spike in short term demand for oil in anticipation of such

  6. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Send Fuel for Iran Nuclear Plant,” N.Y. Times, Sept. 27,to Send Fuel for Iran Nuclear Plant,” N.Y. Times, Sept. 27,fuel to Iran’s Bushehr nuclear plant. 93 3.5 December 2007 –

  7. Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property during Conflict provides case studies of Cultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protection. Dr. Kila, has undertaken cultural rescue missions in Iraq, Macedonia, Egypt and Libya: The Case of Iraq" by B. Isakhan Chapter 12: "A Report on Archaeological Site Stability and Security

  8. CENTRE INTERNATIONAL DE MATHMATIQUES PURES ET APPLIQUES INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR PURE AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    MATHEMATICS India and West Asia 2014 Inverse problems : Theory and applications CIMPA-KURDISTAN-IRAQ Erbil, Kurdistan-Iraq, May 5-14 Mock Modular Forms CIMPA-ICTP-INDIA Research School co-sponsored with ICTP

  9. Asymmetric Threat Assessment Tool (ATAT) Gary W. King, Matthew Schmill, Andrew Hannon. Paul Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Bosnia, Somalia and Iraq implies that the psychological hearts-and-minds effects are often of greater, infrastructure and information (PMESII) factors. Indeed, our experience in Bosnia, Somalia and Iraq implies

  10. Updated 8-14 Sandy MacIsaac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    support to Coalition Forces throughout Iraq. In 1995, Mr. MacIsaac was recognized as the Kings County, CA

  11. Political performance of violence : Palestinian female bombers and the politics of visual representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salimi, Rana; Salimi, Rana

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bombs. Today, members of the Kurdistan Workers Party and thein Chechnya, Iraq, Kurdistan and Indonesia responded to the

  12. 10/10/2012 The University of Sheffield John Connolly, Associate Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Mark

    experience · A welcoming city · Recognised by key sponsors in Iraq and Kurdistan: HCED, KRG, MOHESR 10

  13. America and the Misshaping of a New World Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Giles; Gutiérrez-Jones, Carl

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) held in Istanbul in Juneinternational criminal law. The WTI heard testimony from ?

  14. Reuters News Article http://www.reuters.com/printerFriendlyPopup.jhtml?type=topNews... 1 of 1 1/13/04 11:45 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the U.S.-led war in Iraq, has backed the remote northern Japanese fishing village of Rokkasho as ITER

  15. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  16. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  17. Nuclear threats from small states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahan, J.H.

    1994-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the policy implications regarding proliferation and counter proliferation of nuclear weapons among Third World states. How does deterrence operate outside the parameters of superpower confrontation as defined by the cold war elaborate system of constraints enforced by concepts like mutual assured destruction, and counter-value and counter-force targeting. How can US policymakers devise contingencies for dealing with nuclear threats posed by countries like North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. These are some of the unsettling but nevertheless important questions addressed by the author in this monograph. In his analysis, Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000. He also offers a framework that policymakers and planners might use in assessing US interests in preempting the use of nuclear weapons or in retaliating for their use. Ironically, with the end of the cold war, it is imperative that defense strategists, policymakers, and military professionals think about the `unthinkable`. In the interest of fostering debate on this important subject, the Strategic Studies Institute commends this insightful monograph.

  18. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  19. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  20. NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

  1. The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes, Rayya

    2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

  2. 2, 129164, 2005 The circulation of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Countries bordering the Persian Gulf are the15 United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and is surrounded by most of the Earth's deserts. The most known weather phenomenon in the Persian Gulf

  3. Epidemiology and prevention of drowning in northern Iran : a community based program.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davoudi-Kiakalayeh, Ali

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Background: Drowning in developing countries is a major, but often neglected, public health problem. However, due to a lack of reliable or statistical data concerning… (more)

  4. Iran-Libya: a comparison of two state sponsors of terrorism.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milinski, Martin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??A comparison of the socio-political and national security similarities and differences between two of the US Department of State´s 'Designated State Sponsors of Terrorism' is… (more)

  5. The benign hegemon: the problematic conflation of values and interests in America's Iran policy .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SIMPSON-GRAY, KUMUDA

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??America has long claimed that its foreign policy is both informed by, and a reflection, of its values. It portrays itself as the champion of… (more)

  6. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 3.10 Paul Klee, E (Emma) [Miniature with the E], 1916, 12.5 x 7 cm Source: The Paul Klee Catalogue Raisonne. ...................................................................... 117 #1; #1; 3.11 Paul Klee, Diagram Cosmos – Earth – I – You... Raisonne. .............................................................................. 136 #1; #1; 3.18 Paul Klee, Miniature Framed Black at Top and Bottom, 1917, 19.2 x 14.5 cm. Source: The Paul Klee Catalogue Raisonne...

  7. Imaging topographic growth by long-lived postseismic afterslip at Sefidabeh, east Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Reynolds, Kirsty

    2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    . Previous studies have documented deformation and the evolution of geologi- cal and topographic structures in regions where thick sequences of relatively young and unconsolidated sediments undergo active shortening. Recent examples include studies...

  8. The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearchScheduled System BurstLong Term ScheduleProject

  9. Iran-United States Claims Tribunal Precedent in Investor-State Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Christopher S.; Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The article examines the jurisprudential value of Tribunal decisions and awards from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. The article considers four factors for assessing the precedential value of awards and decisions ...

  10. Influence of perennial plants on chemical properties of arid calcareous soils in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karimian, N.; Razmi, K. (Shiraz Univ. (Iran))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors conducted a study in Bajgah to determine the influence of perennial plants on some selected properties of soils formed on the highly calcareous parent material. The major plant genera were determined to be Agropyron, Artemisia, Astragalus, Dianthus, Eryngium, Peganum, Polygonum, Stipa, and Thymus. Tops of plants genera were found to be significantly different in ash, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Mn, Zn, and Cu; the concentration of Fe was not significantly different. The authors found the plants to differ significantly in their influence on soil properties. Peganum caused an accumulation of organic matter (OM) as high as 7% in the soil, in an environment where the soils typically contain less than 1% OM. Soil concentrations of P, K, Mn, Zn, and Cu were also found to vary significantly beneath different plant genera. They suggest these differences in OM accumulation were caused by plant litter. Concentration of Fe in the soils formed beneath different plant genera was statistically unchanged.

  11. Considerations concerning the installation of mine planning computers at the Sar Cheshmeh copper complex in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raieszadeh, A.; Hooper, G.; Spratley, B.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large mining companies have appreciated the benefits to be gained by the improvement of the technical and financial aspects of mining operations through the use of computers. Since the early 1960`s they have spent large amounts of money in attempting to realize the benefits of improved operational direction and control. Today the emphasis is on desktop workstations and software packages for the main applications rather than the mainframe or minicomputer and in-house software development. There is substantial experience in the industry of the wide range of computer software and hardware currently available, but there are still operations where the pace of development of computer assistance has been restricted due to a variety of factors. The lack of computing facilities at Sar Cheshmeh gave the management of the mine the opportunity to review the state of current technology and choose the most appropriate configuration without having to retrofit to any existing system. The primary areas for computerization that were evaluated were: geology and ore reserves; mine design and planning; geotechnical analysis, planning and monitoring; production scheduling and reporting; equipment selection, costing and optimization; equipment maintenance management; stock control and ordering; management reporting; equipment scheduling.

  12. Calculation and Experiment of Adding Top Beryllium Shims for Iran MNSR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebadati, Javad; Rezvanifard, Mehdi; Shahabi, Iraj [Esfahan Nuclear Technology Center - ENTC (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Miniature Neutron Source Reactor which is called MNSR were put into operation on June 1994 in Esfahan Nuclear Technology Center (ENTC). At that time the excess reactivity at the cold condition was 3.85 mk. After 7 years of operation and fuel consumption the reactivity was reduced to 2.90 mk. To compensate this reduction and upgrade the reactor, Beryllium Shim were used at the top of the core. This paper discusses the steps for this accurate and sensitive task. Finally a layer of 1.5 mm Beryllium were added to restore the reactor life. (authors)

  13. Stable Isotopes (O, H, and S) in the Muteh Gold Deposit, Golpaygan Area, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdollahi, M. J. [Shahid Bahonar University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: kmgbkh@gmail.com; Karimpour, M. H. [Ferdousi University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kheradmand, A. [Shahid Bahonar University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zarasvandi, A. R. [Shahid Chamran University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Muteh gold district with nine gold deposits is located in the Sanandaj-Sirjan metamorphic zone. Gold mineralization occurs in a pre-Permian complex which mainly consists of green schists, meta-volcanics, and gneiss rocks. Shear zones are the host of gold mineralization. Gold paragenesis minerals include pyrite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and secondary minerals. Pyrites occur as pre-, syn-, and post-metamorphism minerals. To determine the source of the ore-bearing fluids, fifty samples were selected for petrographical and stable isotope studies. The mean values of 12.4 per mille , and -42 per mille for {delta}{sup 18}O and {delta}D isotopes, respectively, and a mean value of 7.75 per mille of calculated fractionation factors for {delta}{sup 18}O H{sub 2}O, from quartz veins indicate that metamorphic host rocks are the most important source for the fluids and gold mineralization. Three generations of pyrite can be distinguished showing a wide range of {delta}{sup 34}S. Gold mineralization is closely associated with intense hydrothermal alteration along the ductile shear zones. The characteristics of the gold mineralization in the study area are similar to those of orogenic gold deposits elsewhere.

  14. A survey of {sup 222}Rn concentrations in domestic water supplies of Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sohrabi, M.; Alirezazadeh, N.; Ahmadi, H.T. [Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a national program to determine public exposure to natural radiation, {sup 222}Rn concentrations were determined in domestic water supplies, including ground and surface waters, in 23 provincial centers using a liquid scintillation counting technique. The minimum and maximum mean concentrations of {sup 222}Rn in ground water were, respectively, 7.9 {+-} 4.5 kBq m{sup {minus}3} in Sanandaj and 46.5 {+-} 11.5 kBq m{sup {minus}3} in Tehran with an overall national mean value of 21 {+-} 8.3 kBq m{sup {minus}3}. The {sup 222}Rn concentrations in surface waters ranged from less than 1 to 7 kBq m{sup {minus}3} with a mean value of 3.9 {+-} 1.9 kBq m{sup {minus}3}. The mean concentration of {sup 222}Rn in tap water in different parts of Tehran is 3.8 {+-} 1.1 kBq m{sup {minus}3}. The results are presented and discussed in this paper.

  15. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Materials For Energy: In Situ Synchrotron X-Ray Studies for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5,October 13, 2011

  16. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Nano Carbon: From Solar Cells to Atomic Drums

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5,October 13,

  17. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Metal Nanocrystals

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5,October 13,January

  18. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.1 14.7Conference24, 2014

  19. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.1 14.7Conference24,

  20. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.1 14.7Conference24,August

  1. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.1

  2. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19, 2013 Independent

  3. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19, 2013

  4. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19, 2013December 20, 2012

  5. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19, 2013December 20,

  6. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19, 2013December

  7. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19, 2013DecemberFebruary

  8. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,

  9. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,The Availability and

  10. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,The Availability andJune

  11. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,The Availability

  12. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,The Availability7, 2013

  13. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,The Availability7,

  14. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,The

  15. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,TheOctober 31, 2013

  16. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael Schaal Director,ChargeStocks 111.19,TheOctober 31, 2013April

  17. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran’s NIOC, and Mexico’s Pemex, produce 25% of the world’sIran’s NIOC, and Mexico’s Pemex. With the super majors and

  18. CURRICULUM VITAE NAME: Ali A. Nowroozi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darby, Dennis

    and advanced subjects in physical geology, seismology, seismic exploration, geophysical exploration, marine geology and geophysics, and geology of Iran. Performing research on seismotectonics of Iran. Principal and Fuel Department. Directing Uranium exploration program in Iran, ne

  19. REVSTAT Statistical Journal Volume 9, Number 3, November 2011, 227245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alves, Maria Isabel Fraga

    ­ Department of Mathematics, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran Zahra ­ Department of Statistics, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran nematollahi@atu.ac.ir Z. Meghnatisi

  20. 4512.ps - Optimization Online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MRT Pack 20 DVDs

    2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    aIndustrial Engineering Department, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran. cIndustrial Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. Abstract.

  1. The Relations of Terror and Immigration: Preventive Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryder, Frances I.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iraq continued to increase. Present arrangements with Iraq also highlight self-serving interests of the U.S. As Andrew Kramer of the New York Times reported in June of 2008, ?Exxon Mobil, Shell, Total and BP ? the original partners in the Iraq... factory laws and consumer protection laws and limiting the growth of monopolies. To address these issues, several monopolies were dismantled and several industries and services were nationalized around the world. Keynesian economics took over...

  2. Worldwide threat assessment brief to the Senate Select Committee on intelligence statement for the record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deutch, J.

    1996-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the threats to the United States and its interests now and into the next century. We still call this the post-Cold War world. Among the opportunities and challenges of our time, there is not yet one dominant enough to define the era on its own terms and give it a name. Looking beyond our borders, we see much that is uncertain: The stability of many regions of the world is threatened by ethnic turmoil and humanitarian crises. Two great powers, Russia and China, are in the process of metamorphosis and their final shape is still very much in question.-Free nations of the world are threatened by rogue nations - - Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Libya, that have built up significant military forces and seek to acquire weapons of mass destruction. The world community is under assault from those who deal in proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, drugs and crime. And the interdependence of the world economy has made us more vulnerable to economic shocks beyond our borders. The strategic threat to our continent is reduced, but the potential for surprise is greater than it was in the days when we could focus our energies on the well-recognized instruments of Soviet power. No one challenge today is yet as formidable as the threat from the former Soviet Union. If nurtured by neglect on our part, these new challenges could expand to threaten the growth of democracy and free markets. All the tools of national security -- diplomacy, the military, and intelligence -- must remain sharp. It is the task of the Intelligence Community to provide policymakers and military commanders with early warning of emerging problems -- warning that can allow us to avoid crisis or military conflict. We must continuously monitor and assess the threats so that our leaders can manage these wisely.

  3. Federal Trade Commission tenth report to the Congress and the President

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Tenth Report on the Voluntary Agreement has reviewed the major activities of the oil industry groups participating in IEA activities during the reporting period. The Report concludes that the safeguards built into the conduct of AST-3 minimized competitive risks. However, the report recommends that the extent of ISAG's planning role be clarified for future tests or during an emergency. In December 1980, the IEA adopted an inventory balancing plan to forstall price increases that could result from the oil supply disruption caused by the Iran/Iraq war. Oil companies were given clearance to provide the IEA with supply data and to engage in bilateral consultation with the Secretariat to assist the IEA to determine whether to activate its oil sharing system. However, Section 252 required that no antitrust immunity be given for any supply actions taken at the request of the IEA or the US Government to carry out the balancing plan. Although the companies submitted supply data, no bilateral consultation were conducted. In the past, industry consultation on the need to activate the sharing system has included the receipt and discussion of Secretariat forecasts based upon company-submitted supply data. The report notes the traditional antitrust concern regarding the dissemination and discussion of short term industry forecasts. In addition, the report reviews the results of our staff's inquiry into company use of IEA-forecast data. The inquiry found that while the forecasts had not been used for operational purposes, some companies circulated the forecasts widely and did not limit the use of the data to IEA- related purposes. The report recommends that access to forecast data be restricted to company personnel who need the information in connection with IEA activities and that the use of the data for non-IEA purposes be prohibited. The report also suggests that industry discussions of short-term market conditions be restricted.

  4. Iran's trust in China and Russia : an analysis of Iranian media discourse in the wake of UNSC Resolution 1737 (2006).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basit, Saira H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The aim of my thesis is to study the nature of the Islamic Republic’s relations with China and Russia. In order to shed light on… (more)

  5. Oil, politics, society and the state in the middle east: Enduring authoritarianism in Iran and Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martorell, Benjamin E

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This thesis examines the relationship between oil and the persistence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. Specifically, it analyzes and critiques the rentier state… (more)

  6. Integration of geology, geostatistics, well logs and pressure data to model a heterogeneous supergiant field in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samimi, B.; Bagherpour, H.; Nioc, A. [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The geological reservoir study of the supergiant Ahwaz field significantly improved the history matching process in many aspects, particularly the development of a geostatistical model which allowed a sound basis for changes and by delivering much needed accurate estimates of grid block vertical permeabilities. The geostatistical reservoir evaluation was facilitated by using the Heresim package and litho-stratigraphic zonations for the entire field. For each of the geological zones, 3-dimensional electrolithofacies and petrophysical property distributions (realizations) were treated which captured the heterogeneities which significantly affected fluid flow. However, as this level of heterogeneity was at a significantly smaller scale than the flow simulation grid blocks, a scaling up effort was needed to derive the effective flow properties of the blocks (porosity, horizontal and vertical permeability, and water saturation). The properties relating to the static reservoir description were accurately derived by using stream tube techniques developed in-house whereas, the relative permeabilities of the grid block were derived by dynamic pseudo relative permeability techniques. The prediction of vertical and lateral communication and water encroachment was facilitated by a close integration of pressure, saturation data, geostatistical modelling and sedimentological studies of the depositional environments and paleocurrents. The nature of reservoir barriers and baffles varied both vertically and laterally in this heterogeneous reservoir. Maps showing differences in pressure between zones after years of production served as a guide to integrating the static geological studies to the dynamic behaviour of each of the 16 reservoir zones. The use of deep wells being drilled to a deeper reservoir provided data to better understand the sweep efficiency and the continuity of barriers and baffles.

  7. Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kavoossi, M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

  8. Assessment of effective parameters on dilution using approximate reasoning methods in longwall mining method, Iran coal mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owladeghaffari, H; Saeedi, G H R

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately more than 90% of all coal production in Iranian underground mines is derived directly longwall mining method. Out of seam dilution is one of the essential problems in these mines. Therefore the dilution can impose the additional cost of mining and milling. As a result, recognition of the effective parameters on the dilution has a remarkable role in industry. In this way, this paper has analyzed the influence of 13 parameters (attributed variables) versus the decision attribute (dilution value), so that using two approximate reasoning methods, namely Rough Set Theory (RST) and Self Organizing Neuro- Fuzzy Inference System (SONFIS) the best rules on our collected data sets has been extracted. The other benefit of later methods is to predict new unknown cases. So, the reduced sets (reducts) by RST have been obtained. Therefore the emerged results by utilizing mentioned methods shows that the high sensitive variables are thickness of layer, length of stope, rate of advance, number of miners, type of...

  9. international engagement

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Energy Agency (NEA), Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, China, Georgia, Iraq, Japan, Mexico, Russia, South Korea, and Taiwan.  New initiatives are under development with India,...

  10. Memory as Antidote: Remembering Repression from Latin America to Katrina: KLEIN, NAOMI. The Shock Doctrine. The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Toronto: Knopf, 2007. 662 pages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Alessandra

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    means of torture. and how the CIA conducted research appHedin Iraq. America through CIA sup- and the connections Klein

  11. Artificial Borders and Mass Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Nathan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the more probable Kurdistan in northern Iraq and Syria.of the periphery of Kurdistan, sectarian identity would bepopulation into a greater Kurdistan. But extraregional

  12. Contemporary Korean/American Evangelical Missions: Politics of Space, Gender, and Difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ju Hui Judy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Azerbaijan, Iraq, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. The third casemillion ethnic Koreans in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan fallAviv, Israel; Almaty, Kazakhstan; Pyongyang, North Korea;

  13. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  14. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  15. Go Global Newsletter, Winter/Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global & International Studies

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) held its final session inits inception and conduct. The WTI is one expression of themoral globalization. ” The WTI generated intense interest in

  16. analysis identifies jnk: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Iraq). Heyam Daod 283 Contribution of Identified Active Faults to Near Fault Seismic Hazard in the Flinders Ranges Geosciences Websites Summary: Contribution of...

  17. analysis identifies tlr7: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Iraq). Heyam Daod 265 Contribution of Identified Active Faults to Near Fault Seismic Hazard in the Flinders Ranges Geosciences Websites Summary: Contribution of...

  18. analysis identifies age-associated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Iraq). Heyam Daod 265 Contribution of Identified Active Faults to Near Fault Seismic Hazard in the Flinders Ranges Geosciences Websites Summary: Contribution of...

  19. analysis identifies pde4d: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Iraq). Heyam Daod 268 Contribution of Identified Active Faults to Near Fault Seismic Hazard in the Flinders Ranges Geosciences Websites Summary: Contribution of...

  20. analysis identifies amphiregulin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Iraq). Heyam Daod 266 Contribution of Identified Active Faults to Near Fault Seismic Hazard in the Flinders Ranges Geosciences Websites Summary: Contribution of...

  1. In DC and Around the Nation: Join the National Day of Service...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ben Folds, Iraq war veteran and Delaware Attorney General Beau Biden, American Heart Association spokesperson and television personality Star Jones, actress Angela...

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - armed conflicts wartime Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of small arms is a common phenomenon in post-conflict countries. The Iraq... -Nepal border during the time of armed conflict and ... Source: Richner, Heinz - Zoologischen...

  3. Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies PARIS, Jan 12 (Reuters) -Europe could build a disputed experimental nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to punish it for opposing the U.S.-led war in Iraq, has backed the remote northern Japanese fishing village

  4. Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) -Russia on Thursday declined Japanese pleas to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a bid to punish it for opposing the U.S.-led war in Iraq -- back Japan's fishing village of Rokkasho

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon compounds Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... and detected all of the...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic organic compounds Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... and detected all of the...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic chemical compounds Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... in burn pits include, but...

  8. Microsoft Word - FIA-13-0003.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    filed a FOIA Request seeking "The April 11, 2001 Daily Intelligence Highlight, 'Iraq: Aluminum Alloy Tube Purchase.'" See FOIA Request from Roger Strother, National Security...

  9. robots.txt for http://www.whitehouse.gov/ User-agent: * Disallow: /cgi ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Disallow: /infocus/education/text Disallow: /infocus/educationreform/iraq Disallow: ... /infocus/medicalliability/text Disallow: /infocus/medicare/health-care/

  10. PHONETIC NAME MATCHING FOR CROSS-LINGUAL SPOKEN SENTENCE RETRIEVAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talabani Iraq pu jing Putin Russia bu shi Bush US sha bi er Shabir Afghanistan bu le er Blair UK ying show

  11. Lesson 7a: Continents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ] [Democratic Republic of Congo] Mifano Zaidi: Ulaya; Uropa [Europe] Ufini; Finland [Finland] Uajemi [Iran

  12. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Republic of Iran Ammunition and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group

  13. Multiresolution Lossy-to-Lossless Coding of MRI Habibollah Danyali1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lübeck, Universität zu

    Department of Electrical Engineering University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran hdanyali@ieee.org 2 Signal

  14. EnvironmentalHealth Dedicated to the advancement of the environmental health professional Volume 69, No. 7 March 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Kurdistan Province, Iran ....................... 51 Mohammad Ali Abduli, Ph.D., and Touraj Nasrabadi, M

  15. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kármán Vortices, Southern Pacific Ocean 148 Wadi Branches, Jordan 150 Zagros Mountains, Iran 152 About

  16. Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010)............................22-25 Web-Based CPP Training Module............................26-27 Shopping in Egypt

  17. INAMO #47 GolfStaaten-Gulf countries (Artikel * 2006) Beaugrand, Claire Nationalitt und Migration in den Golfstaaten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    started to flock first to Bahrain where oil export began as early as in 1934, then Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, published in "INAMO 47 (2006) 10-14" #12;2 issue of oil revenues' distribution, affected the forms of movement control that were opted for, as well as the types of nationality issues that derived from it

  18. Wald L., Baleynaud J.-M., 1999. Observing air quality over the city of Nantes by means of Landsat thermal infrared data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 5, 947-959.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    oil wells in Kuwait were set on fire. As a result smoke plumes have obscured the sky south of Kuwait. As an example, the relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain, 600 km south-east of Kuwait, was reduced by upto

  19. Design wiki: a system for design sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design wiki: a system for design sharing Wael A. Abdelhameed, Yoshihiro Kobayashi #12;Wael of Bahrain. His research areas are 3D Modeling Systems, Computing Architecture, Virtual Reality, Design Process, Visual Design Thinking and Digital and Manual Media Interaction. Yoshihiro Kobayashi is a Faculty

  20. SPRING 201134 GRAHAM E. FULLER I AHMED ZEWAIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    in the nation-states of Tunisia and Egypt to brutal repression in the tribal societies of Libya, Syria, Bahrain for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya and others in the making. In these cases, unfortunately, tribal in the Middle East and the heart of the Arab world. Making sure Egypt succeeds is essential for the stability

  1. 30 November 2007 Where do we come from... -Robert Hack -Delft 1 Where do we come from and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    Bahrain-Saudi Causeway Off/onshore pile foundations in soil and rock (geology, properties, and engineering weathered to soil, which could be at any depth (engineering and properties) #12;30 November 2007 Where do we properties, shear strength, weathering) ·Uncertainty ·Geo-informatics (modelling, identification) ·Numerical

  2. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, supplement au n012, Tome 48, dkcembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    long and 13mn diameter. The crystals were deformed by compression along the axis o f the cylinder i n IN ALUMINIUM SINGLE CRYSTALS AT MHz FREQUENCIES M. ZEIN Physics Department, University of Bahrain, College (100>, orientation, were deformed by compression, and the temperature dependence o f

  3. L'AutRE RIVE : LES IRAnIEnS Aux MIRAtS ARAbES unIS, EntRE VISIbILIt Et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    OpOLItIquE Les pérégrinations entre les deux côtes, arabe et persane, ont marqué la vie des villes concernées

  4. L'ONOMASTIQUE IRANIENNE DANS LES SOURCES SYRIAQUES Quand les chrtiens d'Iran changent de nom (IVe-VIIe s.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    consacré au persan, kurde et ossète. Le vol. 4 concernera les noms propres des monnaies par M. Alram (1987

  5. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  6. Exploring routine data collection systems in Iran, focussing on maternal mortality and using the city of Bam as a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zolala, Farzaneh

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: Health information systems provide information obtained from data for decision making in order to improve the performance of a health system. Although health information systems can be very influential, ...

  7. "12th International Congress on Plasma Physics, 25-29 October 2004, Nice (France)". Study on MHD activity in Tokamaks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    activity in Tokamaks Fatemeh Hajakbari1,2 and Alireza Hojabri1,2 1 Physics group, Islamic Azad University of Karaj, Iran. 2 Plasma Physics Research Center, Azad University, Tehran 14835-197,Iran The tearing mode

  8. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  9. CV-November 2013 Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Central Florida, University of

    of Internal Combustion Engine Supervisor: Prof. Vahid Esfahanian University of Semnan- Semnan, IRAN BS, M. (2009). "Numerical 1-D Simulation of Internal Combustion Engines considering Entropy Level Changes," Proceeding of The sixth International Conference on Internal Combustion Engines, Tehran, Iran

  10. Ben-Gurion University (of the Negev) Nuclear Research Center Negev (NRCN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    of Technology M,N 9 Iran Ammunition and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry

  11. How Europe is Changing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdolah, Kader

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    office. During the war, when Kurdistan was independent for ato flee Iran. Through Kurdistan, Abdolah made it into Turkey

  12. Brief History of Herpetology in the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, with a List of Type Specimens of Recent Amphibians and Reptiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez-Robles, Javier A.; Good, David A.; Wake, David B.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    d’amphibies (Urodela) du Kurdistan]. Annuaire du Musée=Avroman Mountains, Kurdistan Province, Iran); May 1914. The

  13. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  14. International Student and Scholar Enrollment & Statistical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Turkmenistan 3 Iran 61 Uganda 6 Ireland 14 Ukraine 7 Israel 5 United Arab Emirates 21 Italy 18 United Kingdom

  15. International Student and Scholar Enrollment & Statistical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    1367 UKRAINE 15 INDONESIA 142 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 25 IRAN 37 UNITED KINGDOM 25 IRELAND 6 UZBEKISTAN 1

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - asmari formation zagros Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    over the latest... : Evolution tectonique et croissance de la chane du Zagros (Fars, Iran): contraintes magntostratigraphiques... , sdimentologiques et thermochronomtrique...

  17. THE HUMAN ANIMAL Unlearning what nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starks, Philip

    on the Iraqi border in 1991 precisely because Kuwait had oil that Iraq coveted. But knowing that war common triggers are the desires or needs for territory, resources, or mates. Ants are a well

  18. 17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy

    The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

  19. Computational modeling of primary blast effects on the human brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the beginning of the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, there have been over 250,000 diagnoses of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the U.S. military, with the majority of incidents caused by improvised explosive ...

  20. Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...