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1

Bahrain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahrain: Energy Resources Bahrain: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26,"lon":50.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority Country Bahrain Name Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority Address 1435 Manama-Bahrain City Manama, Bahrain Website http://www.noga.gov.bh/en/defa Coordinates 26.231155°, 50.5705391° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.231155,"lon":50.5705391,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Bahrain oil and development 1929-1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book describes the economic, political, and social elements of relations between international oil companies and Bahrain. It also provides insights into Middle East regional oil and gas development, oil pricing and production evolution, and relations between Persian Gulf states and such western powers as Great Britain and the U.S.

Clarke, A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Barbados: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados: Energy Resources Barbados: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":13.16667,"lon":-59.53333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Barbados Caribbean

6

Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Barbados Caribbean References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

7

Belarus: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belarus: Energy Resources Belarus: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":53,"lon":28,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

8

Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Barbados Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

9

Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S. [Univ. of Bahrain, Manama (Bahrain)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Trade & Investment Barbados, 18-20 September 2005 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trade & Investment Barbados, 18-20 September 2005 1 This year marks a pivotal moment is a scaling up of investments in targeted sectors and regions. One vital lesson from the UN Millennium Project control, and access to basic infrastructure such as safe drinking water. When these basic investments

11

The nexus between electricity consumption and economic growth in Bahrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the relationship between electricity consumption, foreign direct investment, capital and economic growth in the case of the Kingdom of Bahrain. The Cobb–Douglas production is used over the period of 1980Q1–2010Q4. We have applied the ARDL bounds testing approach and found that cointegration exists among the series. Electricity consumption, foreign direct investment and capital add in economic growth. The VECM Granger causality analysis has exposed the feedback effect between electricity consumption and economic growth and the same is true for foreign direct investment and electricity consumption. This study suggests government authorities to explore new sources of energy to achieve sustainable economic development for the long run.

Helmi Hamdi; Rashid Sbia; Muhammad Shahbaz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova Announces the Second Call for Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova EMP-AIM Announces the Second Call Universities from European countries, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova, which aims to build a structured by Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The project Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine

Escolano, Francisco

13

Belarus: towards a new post-chernobyl rehabilitation strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......relocating populations from the most dangerous areas of Belarus, the third...development, such as improving the health and education systems or achieving...especially with regard to children health. After a careful appraisal...re-enforce the surveillance of the health status of the population and......

Zoia Trofimchik

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Consolidation, permeability, and geotechnical properties of Ocean Drilling Program Leg 110 sediments from the Barbados forearc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSOLIDATION, PE~ILITY, AND GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SEDIMENTS FROM THE BARBADOS FOREARC A Thesis by JOHN NICHOLAS LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Oceanography CONSOLIDATION, PERMEABILITY, AND GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SEDIMENTS FROM THE BARBADOS FOREARC A Thesis by JOHN...

Leonard, John Nicholas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

Biological estimates of dose to inhabitants of Belarus and Ukraine following the Chernobyl accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of dose to inhabitants of Belarus and Ukraine following the Chernobyl accident A. Edwards...Medical Radiology (KhIMR), Kharkiv, Ukraine 4 Institute of Genetics and Cytology...and persons who lived in Belarus and Ukraine within about 30 km of the reactor were......

A. Edwards; P. Voisin; I. Sorokine-Durm; N. Maznik; V. Vinnikov; L. Mikhalevich; J. Moquet; D. Lloyd; M. Delbos; V. Durand

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Implementation of RODOS in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, and Future Perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Implementation of RODOS in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, and Future Perspectives V. Shershakov...European Union, Belarus, Russia and the Ukraine to cooperate in the development of the...Machines and System (IMMS CC), Kiev, Ukraine, and the Centre for Radiological and......

V. Shershakov; V. Kossykh; M. Zheleznyak; A. Mikhalevich

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Relationship Between Deep Ocean Currents and Winds East of Barbados  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of currents collected at the POLYMODE array III cluster C (16°N, 54°W) are compared with radiosonde winds measured at Barbados (13°N, 62°W) using a linear response analysis. The winds and the currents are coherent throughout the ...

C. J. Koblinsky; P. P. Niiler

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Impact of Kuwait`s oil-fire smoke cloud on the sky of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of the Kuwaiti oil well fires of 1991 on the atmospheric parameters of Bahrain (approximately 600 km southeast of Kuwait) were observed. Solar radiation, optical thickness, ultraviolet radiation, horizontal visibility, temperature, and solar spectral distribution were measured for 1991 and compared to the long-term values of 1985-1990. The relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain was reduced by 8% (February) when 50 oil wells were burning and reduced further to 20% when 470 oil wells were on fire (April-July). In November 1991, when there were 12 oil wells burning, the recorded solar radiation became nearly equal to the long-term average. The monthly average daily optical thickness, {tau}, for the direct or beam solar radiation was calculated. The values of {tau} were found to be larger in 1991 than the average for the years 1985-1990 by nearly 58% during June and returned to normal in October (after nearly all the oil well fires were extinguished). The clear and smoked sky solar spectra distribution were detected before and during the burning of the Kuwait oil wells. Large absorption of the solar radiation was noticed on the 2nd and 3rd of March, 1991. The daily average infrared radiation during 1990 was found to be 6700.4 Whm{sup -2} and shifted to 9182.1 Whm{sup -2} in 1991. Comparison was also made between 1990 and 1991 data of the global solar radiation and the temperature. 13 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Alnaser, W.E. [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)] [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 let spustya [Life after Chernobyl: 16 years later]. 2002.Press. Belarus and Chernobyl: The Second Decade. 1998. Ed.Alexievich, S. 1997. Chernobyl’skaya molitva. Hronika

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Recreational SCUBA divers' willingness to pay for marine biodiversity in Barbados  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of natural resources and the services they provide often do not have an explicit price and are therefore undervalued in decision-making, leading to environmental degradation. To ‘monetize’ the benefits from these services requires the use of non-market valuation techniques. Using a stated preference survey of recreational divers in Barbados conducted between 2007 and 2009, the economic value of marine biodiversity to recreational SCUBA divers in Barbados was estimated. In addition to a variety of demographic variables, divers were asked about their level of experience, expenditures related to travel and diving, and encounters with fish and sea turtles. Divers then completed a choice experiment, selecting between alternative dives with varying characteristics including price, crowding, fish diversity, encounters with sea turtles, and coral cover. Results indicate that divers in Barbados have a clear appreciation of reef quality variables. Willingness to pay for good coral cover, fish diversity and presence of sea turtles is significantly higher than prices paid for dives. In general, divers valued reef attributes similarly, although their appreciation of low density of divers at a site and high coral cover varied with prior diving experience. The results of this study demonstrate the economic value generated in Barbados by the recreational SCUBA diving industry and highlight the potential for substantial additional economic contributions with improvements to the quality of a variety of reef attributes. These results could inform management decisions regarding reef use and sea turtle conservation, and could aid in the development of informed ‘win–win’ policies aimed at maximizing returns from diving while reducing negative impacts often associated with tourism activities.

Peter W. Schuhmann; James F. Casey; Julia A. Horrocks; Hazel A. Oxenford

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Property:AdvancedEconomy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AdvancedEconomy AdvancedEconomy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "AdvancedEconomy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + false + Albania + false + Algeria + false + Andorra + false + Angola + false + Anguilla + false + Antigua and Barbuda + false + Argentina + false + Armenia + false + Aruba + false + Australia + true + Austria + true + Azerbaijan + false + B Bahamas + false + Bahrain + false + Bangladesh + false + Barbados + false + Belarus + false + Belgium + true + Belize + false + Benin + false + Bermuda + false + Bhutan + false + Bolivia + false + Bosnia and Herzegovina + false + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:AdvancedEconomy&oldid=282067#SMWResults"

22

Global warming implications of facade parameters: A life cycle assessment of residential buildings in Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On a global scale, the Gulf Corporation Council Countries (GCCC), including Bahrain, are amongst the top countries in terms of carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Building authority in Bahrain has set a target of 40% reduction of electricity consumption and associated CO{sub 2} emissions to be achieved by using facade parameters. This work evaluates how the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of buildings are affected by facade parameters. The main focus is placed on direct and indirect CO{sub 2} emissions from three contributors, namely, chemical reactions during production processes (Pco{sub 2}), embodied energy (Eco{sub 2}) and operational energy (OPco{sub 2}). By means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, it has been possible to show that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase (80-90%). However, embodied CO{sub 2} emissions are an important factor that needs to be brought into the systems used for appraisal of projects, and hence into the design decisions made in developing projects. The assessment shows that masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO{sub 2} emissions of facade construction, mainly due to their physical characteristics. The highest Pco{sub 2} emissions factors are those of window elements, particularly aluminium frames. However, their contribution of CO{sub 2} emissions depends largely on the number and size of windows. Each square metre of glazing is able to increase the total CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 30% when compared with the same areas of opaque walls. The use of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) walls reduces the total life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 5.2% when compared with ordinary walls, while the use of thermal insulation with concrete wall reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.2%. The outcome of this work offers to the building industry a reliable indicator of the environmental impact of residential facade parameters. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Life cycle carbon assessment of facade parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO2 emissions of facade construction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Window contribution of CO2 emissions depends on the number and size of windows. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Without insulation, AAC walls offer more savings in CO2 emissions.

Radhi, Hassan, E-mail: h_alradhi@yahoo.com [Global Engineering Bureau, P.O Box 33130, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain); Sharples, Stephen, E-mail: steve.sharples@liverpool.ac.uk [School of Architecture, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Scientific and technical assistance to the Republic of Belarus in the wake of the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations are presented in this paper from a visit to the Republic of Belarus after the Chernobyl accident. The trip was part of the Volunteers in Overseas Cooperative Assistance (VOCA) program. The primary focus of the paper is on environmental issues and the impact on agriculture. This overview discusses pertinent technical, social, and economic issues, and provides recommendations for continued international assistance. 4 refs.

Stanley, N.W.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

"To make their owne termes": servant rebelliousness and the transitionto slavery in seventeenth-century Barbados and Virginia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from even the sldlled positions they had occupied when slavery bee~me the dominant form of labor. ' T. H. Breen's studies of colonial labor utilize both econonuc and social factors as explanations for the changing labor systems. Breen concludes... in Barbados Slave Society, " Inssnigrunts und Minorities, 7 (1988), 3. " T. H. Breen, "A Changing Labor Force and Race Relations in Virginia 1660-1710, " Jonrnul of Sociul History, 7 (1973), 4. society threatened their control of the colony. " While...

Compton, Tonia M

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

25

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Slovenka... Monaco Mongolia...

26

Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 1 + Argentina + 0 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 3 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 1 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 1 + Barbados + 1 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 2 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 0 + Bolivia + 1 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy&oldid=314431

27

Non Annex B Countries List  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

28

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

29

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

30

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Property Type Number Description Number of Low Emissions development planning(ProgramTopics) and Agriculture(Sector) programs for a country Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 0 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 3 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 3 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 +

31

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Property Type Number Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 1 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 2 + Argentina + 6 + Armenia + 2 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 1 + B Bahamas + 2 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 8 + Barbados + 3 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 3 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 + Bolivia + 2 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms&oldid=59092

32

Property:NumberOfSolarResources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfSolarResources NumberOfSolarResources Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfSolarResources" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 2 + Armenia + 0 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 0 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 2 + Bolivia + 0 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfSolarResources&oldid=313617#SMWResults" What links here

33

Labor, nationalism, and imperialism in eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs, and the Gulf oil workers in Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines the lack of a noticeable indigenous labor movement in the contemporary Gulf Arab countries of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar; it focuses on the emergence, after the discovery of oil, of an industrial Gulf labor force, and on the evolution of the British policy towards oil and Gulf oil workers. The period examined begins with the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 (the first such discovery on the Arab side of the Gulf), and ends with the Suez Crisis of 1956. The latter is a watershed event in Gulf history. It is argued that the Suez Crisis was in large part responsible for the long-term defeat of the indigenous labor movement in the Gulf. Attention is given to the parts played by the British Government of India, the Foreign Office, the local Shaikhs, the Gulf nationalists, and by the workers themselves. Policies towards workers passed through two different periods. In the first, 1932-1945, the Government of India had no direct interest in the Gulf labor situation; in the second, 1946-1956, the Foreign Office took increased interest in the welfare of local oil workers, primarily because of the importance of oil to reconstruction of the British economy after the war. However, the Suez Crisis in 1956 convinced the British to withdraw their support for the workers.

Saleh, H.M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

U.S./Belarus/Ukraine joint research on the biomedical effects of the Chernobyl Reactor Accident. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Cancer Institute has negotiated with the governments of Belarus and Ukraine (Ministers/Ministries of Health, institutions and scientists) to develop scientific research protocols to study the effects of radioactive iodine released by the Chernobyl accident upon thyroid anatomy and function in defined cohorts of persons under the age of 19 years at the time of the accident. These studies include prospective long term medical follow-up of the cohort and the reconstruction of the radiation dose to each cohort subject's thyroid. The protocol for the study in Belarus was signed by the US and Belorussian governments in May 1994 and the protocol for the study in Ukraine was signed by the US and Ukraine in May 1995. A second scientific research protocol also was negotiated with Ukraine to study the feasibility of a long term study to follow the development of leukemia and lymphoma among Ukrainian cleanup workers; this protocol was signed by the US and Ukraine in October 1996.

Bruce Wachholz

2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

35

Estimation of thyroid doses received by the population of Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within weeks of the Chernobyl accident ABOUT 300,000 measurements of human thyroidal iodine-131 content were conducted in the more contaminated areas of Belarus. Results of these and other measurements form the basis of thyroid-dose reconstruction for the residents. For Class 1 (measured dose), individual doses are estimated directly from measured thyroidal iodine content plus information on life style and dietary habits. Such estimates are available for about 130,000 individuals from Gomel and Mogilev Oblasts and Minsk City. For Class 2 (passport doses), every settlement with a sufficient number of residents with measured doses, individual thyroid-dose distributions were determined for several age groups and levels of milk consumption. A population of about 2.7 million resides in the passport settlements.

Gavrilin, Y.; Khrouch, V.; Shinkarev, S. [Institut Biofiziki, Moscow (Russian Federation); Drozdovitch, V.; Minenko, V.; Shemyakina, E. [Institute of Radiation Medicine, Minsk (Belarus); Bouville, A. [National Cancer Inst., Rockville, MD (United States); Anspaugh, L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus, 2003. 21 7+( '(),1,7,21 2) 38/6$7,1* +($7 3,3(6 $1 29(59,(  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus)-711-685-2142, Fax: (+49)-711-685-2010, E-mail: khandekar@ike.uni-stuttgart.de $EVWUDFW Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) have emerged as interesting alternatives to conventional heat transfer technologies. These simple

Khandekar, Sameer

37

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

38

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

39

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

40

Intern experience at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n ......................................27 8. A VDU Picture of a Substation .............................................................. 35 9. A VDU Picutre of the Alarm List................................................................ 38 10... consists of : - Over-head lines : 33kv &66kv - Underground cables : 33kv & 66kv & 220kv - Substations: 33 /llkv & 66 /llkv & 220/66kv. Associated with this equipment is a protection system which utilises a network of pilot cables. The transmission...

Aljamea, Najeeb Ahmad

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Emerging Hubs: South Korea, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, and Bahrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A crosscutting analysis of the six case studies and an examination of key issues and challenges related to education hub development are the focus of this chapter. The key themes for the comparative analysis i...

Lois Dou; Jane Knight

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Newsletter Signup Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

43

User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programs Map Programs Map < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Zoom South America Central America North America Africa Central Africa Northern Africa Southern Africa Eastern Asia Southern Asia Asia/Pacific Central Asia Middle East Northern Asia Northern Europe Western Europe Southern Europe Programs & Projects Afghanistan 5 Albania 3 Algeria 6 Angola 1 Anguilla 1 Antigua and Barbuda 6 Argentina 12 Armenia 6 Aruba 3 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 6 Bahrain 2 Bangladesh 27 Barbados 9 Belize 8 Benin 3 Bhutan 7 Bolivia 4 Botswana 5 Brazil 37 Brunei 7 Bulgaria 2 Burkina Faso 7 Burundi 6 Cambodia 25 Cameroon 8 Cape Verde 4 Cayman Islands 1 Central African Republic 4 Chad 4 Chile 24 China 63 Colombia 26 Costa Rica 24 Croatia 1 Cuba 5 Democratic Republic of Congo 13

44

Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography applied to cave sustainability (Barbados) and groundwater exploration (Saint Lucia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we apply the method of two-dimensional time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (2D time-lapse ERT) for two different problems. In the first problem, we monitor the structural stability of the roof of the ...

Agramakova, Yulia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Promoting social change in the Arab Gulf: two case studies of communication programmes in Kuwait and Bahrain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis presents rich empirical analysis of the role of public relations in facilitating participation in social change in the Arab Gulf. The focus is… (more)

Al Saqer, Layla Hassan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Composition and properties of oil shale from the Turovskoe deposit in Belarus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance characteristics and chemical composition of a technological sample taken by the Belarussian prospecting expedition in the west of the Turovskoe deposit in 2007 were determined.

I. I. Lishtvan; P. L. Falyushin; V. M. Kraiko; E. V. Anufrieva…

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Gulf Powerbeat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Powerbeat Place: Bahrain Product: Bahrain-based Gulf Powerbeat manufactures long life batteries and was acquired by Time Technoplast, through Time's subsidiary NED Energy....

48

Tobacco Control Legislation in Costa Rica (1971-2012): After 40 Years of Tobacco Industry Dominance, Tobacco Control Advocacy Succeeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which covers the markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group which covers the markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group 

Crosbie, Eric MA; Sebrie, Ernesto M. MD MPH; Glantz, Stanton A. PhD

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 32 31 27 27 38 43 2010-2013 Afghanistan 2010-2010 Albania 1 2013-2013 Angola 0 2011-2013 Anguilla 2010-2010 Antigua and Barbuda 0 2010-2013 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Aruba 0 0 0 2010-2013 Australia 0 0 2010-2013 Bahama Islands 0 0 0 2010-2013 Bahrain 0 2010-2013 Barbados 2010-2011 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Belize 0 2010-2013 Brazil 1 2 2 0 2010-2013 Bulgaria 2010-2010 Cambodia 2011-2011 Canada 19 21 22 23 25 24 2010-2013 Cayman Islands 2010-2012 Chile 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 China 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Colombia 0 1 2010-2013 Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013

50

Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 96,229 107,478 106,354 120,656 114,693 108,925 1981-2013 Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 Albania 110 0 55 0 0 1998-2013 Algeria 1 462 476 685 1 1996-2013 Andora 0 0 2005-2013 Angola 1 0 1 0 0 1995-2013 Anguilla 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Antigua and Barbuda 0 0 3 0 0 0 1995-2013 Argentina 2,256 1,324 1,457 1,727 1,129 1,753 1993-2013 Armenia 0 2005-2013 Aruba 386 241 743 818 928 1,600 2005-2013 Australia 328 114 232 394 333 290 1993-2013 Austria 0 1 0 0 0 0 1995-2013 Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 2 1995-2013 Bahama Islands 316 624 624 1,019 1,969 2,118 1993-2013 Bahrain 1 2 0 1 277 1 1993-2013 Barbados

51

Radiation exposure of human populations in villages in Russia and Belarus affected by fallout from the Chernobyl reactor.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A quarter of a century has elapsed since the catastrophe at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl. The radioactive fallout affected all the European countries… (more)

Bernhardsson, Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The dissertation examines knowledge production practices following the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident and describes the production of invisibility of its consequences: practices that displace radiation… (more)

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident and describes the productionconsequences of a nuclear accident and maintain or increaseof the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident. A Strategy for Recovery.

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

ICDERS July 27-31, 2009 Minsk, Belarus Correspondence to: Jean-Marc.Pascaud@bourges.univ-orleans.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the heat of combustion of kerosene. Vm is the molar volume depending on the initial conditions. * Transport

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimation of late effects was based on the actual doses in the Soviet scientists argued that health effects caused by radiation

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clarke, L. 1989. Acceptable Risk? : Making Decisions in awas a question of ‘acceptable risks, not absolute safety. ’

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - active gas handling Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

geopolitics of gas working paper series THE BELARUS CONNECTION: EXPORTING RUSSIAN GAS TO GERMANY... AND POLAND david victor and nadejda makarova victor 12;The Belarus Connection:...

58

JOUKNAI, OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 98. NO. D7. PAGES 12.673-12.685, JULY 20. 1993 Aerosol Selenium at Bermuda and Barbados  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and methane sulfonate(MSA), but the intercept of the Se versusSb regression indicated that a marinebiogenic identification studies [Rahn and Lowenthal, 1984, 1985; Lowenthal et 01.. 1988; Lowenthal and Rahn, 1988). Coal for selenium is not well understood, C o o k andBruland [I9871suggest a similar mechanism where Se

Prospero, Joseph M.

59

Modernization Magnitude: An Interval Measure Applicable to Post- and Pre-Industrial Societies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reflect. Qatar, and several other oil producing nations,X in oil producing countries such as Qatar and Bahrain. (NoTable 8. Oil producing countries such as Qatar and Bahrain

Denton, Trevor D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Subaerial Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments: Efficiency of the Solution-Reprecipitation Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Barbados, 1966). 5 APRIL 1968 7. SuLpported by NSF grant No. GA306 and by unrestricted grants from Marathon Oil Co., Esso, and American Oil Foundation. We thank J. C. Hudson, Agronomy Research Unit, Barbados Sugar Producers Association...

William H. Harris; R. K. Matthews

1968-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Lysosomal Stability during Phagocytosis of Aspergillus flavus Spores by Alveolar Macrophages of Cortisone-Treated Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Barbados, 1966). 5 APRIL 1968 7. SuLpported by NSF grant No. GA306 and by unrestricted grants from Marathon Oil Co., Esso, and American Oil Foundation. We thank J. C. Hudson, Agronomy Research Unit, Barbados Sugar Producers Association...

Leonard Merkow; Matias Pardo; Sheldon M. Epstein; Ethel Verney; Herschel Sidransky

1968-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

62

Moldova-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

63

Russian-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

64

Ghana-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

65

Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

publicaci Country Aruba, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, South...

66

Risk analysis of thyroid cancer incidence after exposure in childhood in the most contaminated areas of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia in comparison with other studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current knowledge about thyroid cancer induction due to 131I exposures during childhood is limited. Due to the low incidences observed, it was assumed that 131I is less effective in cancer induction by a factor of 3, if compared to external exposures. An increase of the thyroid cancer incidence among children and adolescents from the south-eastern Belorussian, the northern Ukrainian, and the western Russian oblasts after the reactor accident in Chernobyl is reported. As a result of the further improvement of the dose estimation methods, the individual exposure doses based on the results of direct thyroid activity measurement were recalculated, and the geographical pattern of age-dependent thyroid doses was analysed. These resulted in the re-assessment of collective doses and of thyroid cancer risk.

G. Goulko; M. Tronko; T. Bogdanova; K. Henrichs; I. Kayro; V. Shpak; M. Lassmann; Chr. Reiners

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Molecular Diversity of Plasmids Bearing Genes That Encode Toluene and Xylene Metabolism in Pseudomonas Strains Isolated from Different Contaminated Sites in Belarus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mixture of lubricants, diesel fuel, and phenol; central...mixture of lubricants, diesel fuel, and phenol; northwestern...soil contaminated with diesel oil; building area in...industrial lubricants and engine oil; local landfill...Apr ColE1 replicon; general cloning vector Promega...

Vladimir S. Sentchilo; Alexander N. Perebituk; Alexander J. B. Zehnder; Jan Roelof van der Meer

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

69

Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Middle East Bahrain Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestinian Territories Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab...

70

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

71

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh egypt Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi, Mario R. - Department of Biology, University...

72

gpc3302.tmp  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Variable State Location Middle East: Iraq: Israel: Jerusalem:West Bank: Egypt: Jordan: Yemen: Lebanon: Bahrain:Gaza Strip: Saudi Arabia, North America: United States:U.S....

73

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq kuwait Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi, Mario R. - Department of Biology, University...

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria libya morocco Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya... , Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi...

75

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

76

Statistical estimation and tracking of refractivity from radar clutter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bahrain, Persian Gulf . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 4.2:boundary layer over the Persian gulf. Journal of Appliedsuface radar ducts over the Persian gulf. Journal of Applied

Yardim, Caglar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola...

78

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola...

79

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

80

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

82

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

83

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

84

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

85

Oil revenue of the Arabian gulf Emirates: patterns of allocation and impact on economic development.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The study aims to analyse the oil revenue, its allocational pattern and impact on economic development in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE from the… (more)

Al-Kuwari, Ali Khalifa

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an international oil spill as experienced in Qatar. In:oil spill: shoreline surveys and cleanup guidelines for Bahrain and Qatar.

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation Interactions in the Trade Wind Boundary Layer.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation includes an overview of aerosol, cloud, and precipitation properties associated with shallow marine cumulus clouds observed during the Barbados Aerosol Cloud Experiment (BACEX,… (more)

Jung, Eunsil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A. palmata on the south coast of Barbados for several reasons: (1) the offshore bathymetry is gently sloping compared with the precipitous drop surrounding many Caribbean volcanic islands or ... Caribbean volcanic islands or the Bahama Bank; (2) Barbados is rimmed by three parallel offshore ridges6 for which I had extremely detailed bathymetric maps. Macintyre has suggested6 that these ...

Richard G. Fairbanks

1989-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

PUTTING YOUR PASSION TO WORK As one of the country's top-ranked professional public policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.39 (including MPA) INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS FROM: Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Ethiopia career resources include specialized courses, exploration trips, internships, individualized counseling

Levinson, David M.

90

United Nations A/67/L.75* General Assembly Distr.: Limited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and related fields Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize water resources, Appreciating the ongoing work of the organizations of the United Nations system

Cambridge, University of

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria bulgaria canada Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia Brazil Britain... Venezuela Vietnam West Germany Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe Old Canada Old Spain ... Source: Bordenstein, Seth -...

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - area chelyabinsk southern Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Belarus after the Chernobyl accident were twice... in the vicinity of Chelyabinsk, Russia, one of the Earth's most radioactively and chemically polluted spots. Here Source:...

93

WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Armenia3 LM Chad L Suriname LM Azerbaijan3 LM Comoros L Trinidad and UM Belarus3 LM Congo (Republic) LM

Milano-Bicocca, UniversitĂ 

94

Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Latvia, Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece,Slovak Republic -0.009 Ukraine Notes: i. The results aree.g. , Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Estonia or

Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates 4-7 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Bahrain 3 Denmark 3 Ethiopia 3 Finland 3 Italy 3 Lithuania 3... Thailand 12 Jordan 11 Colombia 10 Iraq 10 Mexico 10 Nigeria 10 Sri-Lanka 10 Libyan-Arab-Jamahiriya 9......

96

Cattle ranching intensification in Brazil can reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by sparing land from deforestation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MENA): Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran...Biofuels use 48 ZZQQhy60 5 ZZQQhy6% Energy efficiency 12 ZZQQhy15 1% Hydroelectric power...8 ZZQQhy10% Other alternative energy 26 ZZQQhy33 3% Grand total 966 ZZQQhy1...

Avery S. Cohn; Aline Mosnier; Petr Havlík; Hugo Valin; Mario Herrero; Erwin Schmid; Michael O’Hare; Michael Obersteiner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

RMOTC - Staff - Clark Turner  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

numerous assignments in the United States, he has worked in Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, South Korea, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia. He left the Army after 11 years of active...

98

The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

Younes, Rayya

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

99

Atmospheric Aerosol Optical Properties in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aerosol optical depth measurements over Bahrain acquired through the ground-based Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) are analyzed. Optical depths obtained from ground-based sun/sky radiometers showed a pronounced temporal trend, with a maximum ...

Alexander Smirnov; Brent N. Holben; Oleg Dubovik; Norm T. O'Neill; Thomas F. Eck; Douglas L. Westphal; Andreas K. Goroch; Christophe Pietras; Ilya Slutsker

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Cities, states, and trust networks: chapter 1 of Cities and States in World History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rivers empty into the Persian Gulf. The Bible calls thetoday’s Bahrain, in the Persian Gulf. The sage relates theship from Hormuz on the Persian Gulf, a departure point for

Tilly, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Riso-R-742(EN) EU-CISJoint Study Project 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kiev, Ukraine IgorV.Rolevich Chernobyl State Committee Minsk, Belarus Anatoliy M. Skryabin Research after the Chernobyl accident in the CIS republics Ukraine, Belarus and Russia have been evaluated the Chernobyl accident 26 3.4 Comparison of BARD and ASQRAD risk calculations 31 3.5 Attributable risks from

103

Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers... producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers...

Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

104

C E L E B R A T I N G 7 5 Y E A R S " 1 9 2 9 2 0 0 4 2004 World Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic 1.7 Suriname 1.7 10 Thailand 1.5 Barbados 1.5 12 Ukraine 1.4 13 Myanmar 1.2 14 Jamaica 1.2 15

105

The Bigger Picture of Corruption: Europe in Comparative Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems (e.g. Belarus, Ukraine) are located so closely toof corruption are found in Ukraine (7.6), Albania (7.2),Perception Index, 2014). Ukraine Albania Moldova Georgia

Kubbe, Ina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Russian Journal of Genetics,M269 Mirabal et al. 2009 Ukraine Haplogroup 1 Rosser et al.2000 Ukraine Eu 18 Semino et al. 2000(a) Ukraine Haplotype

St. Clair, Michael Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The Fantasy and Fear of Chernobyl's Ruins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

city on the map of Ukraine. ” The materials were prepared byin Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. By the end of Septmeber,shots of Duga ICBM site in Ukraine, known as "Chernobyl 2,"

Rotfeld, Masha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Never Stand Still Global Education and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for departure 20 On your return 21 Other Global Education Options 23 How to apply 24 Resources 24 Quick links 25. Belarus Bangladesh Azerb. Austria A u s t r a l i a Armenia Angola Algeria Albania Afghanistan Western

New South Wales, University of

109

International Student Enrollment Report Report based on Active F-1 & J-1 International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Austria 2 51 Malaysia 166 5 Bahamas 4 52 Mauritius 2 6 Bangladesh 6 53 Mexico 14 7 Belarus 2 54 Mongolia 2 by Curricula Undergraduate Graduate Other OPT Total Natural Resources & Conservation 1 1 Area, Ethnic, Cultural

Bordenstein, Seth

110

Chromosomal Rainbows detect Oncogenic Rearrangements of Signaling Molecules in Thyroid Tumors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELE1 genes, in a post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid cancer.in a case of post-Chernobyl childhood thyroid cancer. Foliafrom Belarus after the Chernobyl reactor accident. Oncogene

O'Brien, Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Modern Processes of Producing Two-Layer Filtering Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes developments of the Powder Metallurgy Institute (National Academy of Sciences of Belarus) in the field of producing two-layer permeable structures with a filtering layer 0.3–0.4 mm in thick...

P. A. Vityaz; A. F. Ilyushchenko; V. M. Kaptsevich…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Property:Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Country Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + United Kingdom + A A1 Sun, Inc. + United States + ALDACOR INC + United States + Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council + United Arab Emirates + Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining + Algeria + Alternate Energy LLC + United States + B Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority + Bahrain + Balloon EĂłlica + Brazil + Buffalo Software + United States + C CSBC Corporation + Taiwan + Community Energy Inc + United States + E EXEN Holdings LLC + United States + Ecoforest + Spain + H HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Gabon + HOMER + Sri Lanka + HOMER + Canada +

113

Gazette d'Amsterdam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[3 VLESSINGUE] sur 2 vaiss. de sa M. Catholique[4 SP] o? ils se m?loient de batiser des enfants de c?te ville-l?. *IM Imprim? chez CORNEILLE JANZ ZWOLL, Marchand Libraire sur le Dam ? l'Enseigne du Mercure, le Judi 27 Dec. 1668. # *TI LA GAZETTE D... arriv?s d'ici. *d L'on a aussi avis que le vaiss. nomm? le _Marchand Polonois_[4 MARCHAND POLONOIS] est arriv? des Barbados[3 BARBADOS] ? Corunnas[3 CORUNNAS]; Mais on apprehende fort pour le vaiss. de la _Montagne d'or_[4 MONTAGNE D'OR] venant ici de...

Ries, Paul

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

When Governments Hack Opponents: A Look at Actors and Technology William R. Marczak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When Governments Hack Opponents: A Look at Actors and Technology William R. Marczak UC Berkeley Gamma's FinSpy and Hacking Team's Remote Control Sys- tem (RCS). We describe their use in Bahrain of these campaigns via strong circumstantial evidence linking hacking to arrests, interrogations, and imprisonment. 1

Paxson, Vern

115

INAMO #47 GolfStaaten-Gulf countries (Artikel * 2006) Beaugrand, Claire Nationalitt und Migration in den Golfstaaten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started to flock first to Bahrain where oil export began as early as in 1934, then Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, published in "INAMO 47 (2006) 10-14" #12;2 issue of oil revenues' distribution, affected the forms of movement control that were opted for, as well as the types of nationality issues that derived from it

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

Wald L., Baleynaud J.-M., 1999. Observing air quality over the city of Nantes by means of Landsat thermal infrared data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 5, 947-959.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil wells in Kuwait were set on fire. As a result smoke plumes have obscured the sky south of Kuwait. As an example, the relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain, 600 km south-east of Kuwait, was reduced by upto

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

117

Design wiki: a system for design sharing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design wiki: a system for design sharing Wael A. Abdelhameed, Yoshihiro Kobayashi #12;Wael of Bahrain. His research areas are 3D Modeling Systems, Computing Architecture, Virtual Reality, Design Process, Visual Design Thinking and Digital and Manual Media Interaction. Yoshihiro Kobayashi is a Faculty

118

The unstable Gulf, Threats from within  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

Martin, L.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: Mitochondrial DNA Markers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Families Migration: .......................................................................................... 20 Oil Discovery & its Impact:....................................................................................... 22 Genetic Structure... populations of the Arabian Peninsula (Abu-Amero et al. 2008; Alshamali et al. 2009; Beyin 2006; Carter 2006; Rose 2007). The Arabian Peninsula consists of seven countries: Yemen, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Jordan (Rose...

Theyab, Jasem

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

120

International Orientation Report 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico 5 Sri Lanka 1 Bangladesh 3 Guatemala 3 Nepal 1 Swaziland 1 Barbados 1 Guinea 1 Netherlands 2 students to resources on the ISSS website and campus partners to help them prepare in the time leading up to their arrival at Vanderbilt. A special section of the ISSS website is devoted to resources for Life

Bordenstein, Seth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High-Latitude Dust Over the North Atlantic: Inputs from Icelandic Proglacial Dust Storms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agustsson H. Olafsson H. , Forecasting wind gusts in complex terrain . Meteorol. Atmos...composition of African dust measured in trade wind aerosols at Barbados and Miami...version of this article illus. incl. sketch maps United States 201225 10.1126/science...

Joseph M. Prospero; Joanna E. Bullard; Richard Hodgkins

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

122

Vol. 133: 13-28, 1996 MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

patterns of coral reef fish larval supply to Barbados,West Indies Su Sponaugle*,Robert K. Cowen Marine deployed nightly at each of the 3 sites for 70 d. A total of 82 species from 31 farmlies was collected (duringthe quar- ter moons).East-west (onshore-offshore)transport due to tidal flows occurred on a much

Sponaugle, Su

123

Conclusions and recommendations of the Latin America and Caribbean Regional Energy Conservation Seminar, Alajuela, Costa Rica, January 14-17, 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reports were given on active energy-conservation projects in the region (Barbados, Jamaica, Central American region and Panama, Peru, Ecuador, the Dominican Republic, and Costa Rica). In addition, there were presentations on energy auditing, fuel substitution, and financing energy conservation. Although the seminar concentrated on the industrial sector, it also explored opportunities for energy-efficiency improvements in the building and transportation sectors.

Not Available

1985-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

124

Geometry and continuity of fine-grained reservoir sandstones deformed within an accretionary prism - Basal Unit, West Woodbourne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Basal Unit of West Woodbourne Field in Barbados is a 250 m thick succession of finely-interbedded sandstones and mudstones deposited by Paleogene, fine-grained, deep-water systems off the northern South American margin and deformed as sediments...

Blackman, Ingrid Maria

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

125

THE UNITED STATES SHRIMP FISHERY OFF NORTHEASTERN SOUTH AMERICA (1972-74)1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; pink shrimp, P. notialis; and white shrimp, P. schmitti. The areas offGuyana, Surinam, and western sustainable yield to be 28.7 million pounds and a linear model estimated the maximum sustainable yield Brazil and Barbados, Surinam, and Trinidad and Tobago. SOURCES OF DATA AND METHODS Catch data for U

126

On the seasonal and synoptic time scale variability of the North Atlantic trades and its low-level clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seasonality in large-scale meteorology and low-level cloud amount (CClow) is explored for a 5°×5° area in the North-Atlantic trades, using twelve years of ERA-Interim and MODIS data, supported by two years of Barbados Cloud Observatory (BCO) ...

Matthias Brueck; Louise Nuijens; Bjorn Stevens

127

9Using ArcGIS Geostatistical Analyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Radiation Safety "BELRAD", Minsk, Belarus, and is used here with permission. Copyright © 1996. CONTRIBUTING Any software, documentation, and/or data delivered hereunder is subject to the terms of the License.211/12.212 (Commercial Technical Data/Computer Software); and DFARS §252.227-7015 (NOV 1995) (Technical Data) and

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

128

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the model, a social benefit-cost analysis of the Nord Stream gas pipeline project from Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea is provided. It is found that Nord Stream project is profitable for its investors and Belarus) exert substantial market power then the economic value of Nord Stream to its investors

Aickelin, Uwe

129

Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new nuclear disaster about to happen?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new June 2014 Accepted 20 August 2014 Available online xxxx Keywords: Chernobyl accident Forest fires Redistribution Radionuclides Risks Radioactive contamination in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia after the Chernobyl

130

Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Russian (C. I. S. ) strategic nuclear forces, end of 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian (C.I.S.) strategic nuclear forces are approximately the same size as a year ago. The SS-25 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is the only weapon system in production; it continues to be fielded. There are still approximately 3,100 warheads deployed in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Essays in Empirical Macroeconomics: Applications to the GCC Monetary Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................50 Figure 3.1: Impulse Response Functions to an Oil Price Shock........................................84 Figure 3.2: Impulse Response Functions to an Oil Production Shock..............................85 Figure 3.3: Impulse Response Functions to a... of the GCC area. I then outline the essential motivations and research objectives of this dissertation. 1 Characteristics of the GCC Area 1.1 Historical Background In May 1981, the six Head of States of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia...

Al-Hassan, Abdullah Mohammed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Caribbean-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References NREL International Program [1] Abstract The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is partnering with Caribbean nations to build Low Carbon Communities in the Caribbean as part of the broader Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program.... The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is partnering with Caribbean nations to build Low Carbon Communities in the Caribbean as part of the broader Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. References

135

South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

Deal, C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

137

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

138

Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Institutional Studies and Planning, 2001). The research of this thesis was limited to students of the NIS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bclarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine... 22 Q-5 In what country were you born? Q-6 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 3 Belarus 4 Georgia 5 Kazakhstan 6 Kyrgyzstan 7 Latvia 8 Lithuania 9 Moldova 10 Russia 11 Tajikistan 12 Turkmenistan 13 Ukraine 14 Uzbekistan 15 Other (Please Specify...

Leuenberger, Larissa Diane

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

139

Children of Chernobyl: A psycho-social empowerment project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this research has been to design and implement a social action project, using a Freirian Methodology for popular mental health among the victims of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear meltown disaster living in Belarus. Although Chernobyl is in the Ukraine, only 35 kilometers from Kiev, 70% of the 50 million curies of radiation from the 1986 Chernobyl meltdown fell on the Republic of Belarus. This continues to directly affect 2.4 million of the total population of 10 million people. These people, 800,000 of whom are children, still live in the radiated zones. They live with the knowledge that the food, the water, and the ground are slowly poisoning them through continued and ongoing exposure to radiation. While there has been some significant research on the medical effects of the disaster in the Ukraine, much more research needs to be done in Belarus. Very little research or treatment has responded to the emotional, mental health and psychosocial impacts of the disaster on individuals, families and communities. Following the introduction to the problem, a rationale for a new paradigm in Mental Health Treatment is presented in a chapter titled Liberation Psychology'. This chapter integrates fields of psychology, psychotherapy, social work, education, and community organization from a Freirian perspective. The Social Action Project is outlined and described in specific detail. The Social Action Project has led to medical, computer and school supplies being sent to Belarus. Workshops and training have been designed and implemented. Texts and manuals have been translated and published. Further, there is documentation of a joint conceptualization and design of this Children of Chernobyl' project with signed letters of agreement and a report of a fact finding mission to Belaraus. The Social Action Project is then evaluated with Future Planning discussed in the conclusion.

Kane, M.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF 2.PDF Table 32. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 0 - - 58 58 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 1 1 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 0 6 - - 21 21 2 0 2 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - 2 - - - - - - 0 0 Belize .................................. - - - - - 62 62 - 0 0 Brazil ................................... - 0 410 - - 609 609 - - - Canada ............................... 2,425 2,728 421 - - 34 34 0 183 183 Cayman Islands .................. - - - - - 25 25 - -

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 51. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 0 0 - - 118 118 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 0 0 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - - 23 - - 875 875 0 314 315 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - - - - - - - - - - Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - - - Brazil ................................... - 4 1,238 - - - - - - - Canada ............................... 2,975 2,324 654 - - 348 348 0 1,408 1,408 Cayman Islands ..................

142

TABLE28.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8. 8. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, (Thousand Barrels) Destination Liquefied Finished Crude Pentanes Petroleum Motor Distillate Fuel Residual Oil a Plus Gases Gasoline Jet Fuel Kerosene Oil Fuel Oil January 1998 Argentina .............................................. 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 Australia ............................................... 0 0 (s) (s) 0 0 1 0 Bahama Islands ................................... 0 0 21 1 1 (s) 54 (s) Bahrain ................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Belgium & Luxembourg ........................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 Brazil .................................................... 0 0 (s) 0 82 0 150 0 Cameroon ............................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ................................................ 1,168 461 331 137 595 11 438 633 Chile .....................................................

143

An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that over half of the countries have more than 13.5 as the maximum count of their unique names having multiple occurrences. Page 9 Country Antigua And Barbuda Macau Andorra Maldives Bahrain No Man?s Land Botswana Nauru Cayman Islands Suriname..., this is bordered by a region of extremely low values in northeastern South America in Suriname and Guyana. Other high value areas include a belt across Europe and Asia, countries of the Middle East, and a small belt across south central Africa. Not surprisingly...

Caldwell, Douglas R.

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Four state companies are markedly different  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Journal continues its profiles of state owned oil companies with a return to the Persian Gulf, South America, and a first time look at the state oil company of Romania, one of Eastern Europe`s most active and oldest producers. The government of Kazakhstan`s activities are also covered in this report. These profiles detail the organization of the companies, with emphasis on upstream and downstream operations. Support functions, though essential to a company, are not covered in detail. Company projects and capabilities are only described in this report when necessary to put the company in perspective. Following are the profiles of state companies for Bahrain, Kuwait, Romania, and Venezuela.

Aalund, L.R.

1995-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

145

The unstable Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book is an analysis of the international political environment for business in the Gulf region. To secure the flow of oil supplies to the West, the U.S. relies on stable relations with the key Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar. The region's dynamic balance of power, however, is inherently destabilizing, which threatens the investment climate and the billions of dollars of international commerce with the Gulf states expected in the next decade. Dr. Martin analyzes the effects of the religious, ethnic, and ideological differences in the Persian Gulf on superpower competition and U.S. energy policy.

Martin, L.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.  (Fig.  3)  In  Bahrain  and  Saudi  Arabia consumption and production are matched. Neither exports raw gas. Oman remained   small net exporter in 2011, since its LNG exports were larger than its pipeline imports. a   EPRG WP 1302    5      Figure 3: Gas... .  Residential  tariffs  in  Saudi  Arabia  have been reduced six times since 1950. (Fig. 10)  12                                                         9 A 4 2012 ramco World Magazine.  “Foundations: The Keystone.” Vol. 33 No. 6. Nov/Dec 1982. Accessed Aug. 2...

Krane, Jim

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

148

Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization Organization of American States (OAS) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country St. Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References OAS Project Database[1] The objective of this program is to "Facilitate the adoption of energy policies and legislation in the seven Project Countries pertaining to address the market conditions for the development and use of renewable energy and energy efficiency systems by mitigating the barriers to their use." References ↑ "OAS Project Database"

149

Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Name Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft fĂĽr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Country Antigua & Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos Islands, United States

150

An analysis of ovine lymphocyte antigens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of four breeds of sheep (Finnish Landrace, Barbados& Rambouillet and Karakul). The sera were collected in clean untreated tubes and allowed to clot at room temperature ~ The coagu1a were removed and centrifugation separated the sera from the remaining... ml of McCoy's media (pH 7. 2 Gibco) and 1 ml of heparin (Sodium, beef lung, 1000 units per ml, VpJohn) were injected into vacuum tubes using sterile hypodermic needless A 20 ml sample of blood was drawn from the jugular vein by means of a sterile...

Boehm, Robert Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning Country Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Ukraine

152

Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the Galaxy with the combined IceCube-AMANDA detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Providence Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508, USA 44 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP, UK 45 Department of Physics, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Bridgetown BB11000, Barbados 46 NASA Goddard Space Flight... sources of cosmic rays in the Galaxy are the remnants of supernovae (both shell-type and pulsar wind nebulae), the jets of microquasars, and the collective winds of massive stars (Hillas 2005; Tavani et al. 2009; Corbel & Fermi-LAT Collaboration 2010...

Abbasi, R.; Besson, David Zeke

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

153

Electrochemical noise signature analysis using power and cross-spectral densities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the major problems faced by desalination plants is corrosion. Various alloys have been developed, and continue to be developed to combat corrosion. Stainless steels are widely used in the desalination industry, due to their superior corrosion resistance. However, they are prone to localized corrosion in stagnant saline water. The feed water for one of the desalination plants in Bahrain is highly saline, containing reduced sulphur species. The electrochemical potential and current fluctuations for different stainless steels in different environmental conditions prevailing in the desalination plants in Bahrain have been measured. Digital signal processing and analysis methods used in other branches of science and engineering were used for the analysis and interpretation of electrochemical noise signatures. By calculating the power spectral density at various frequencies, the noise signatures were compared. The results calculated using both Fast Fourier Transform and the Maximum Entropy method agree well. The Cross spectrum between the potential and current noise reveals the frequencies held in common in addition to improving the signal to noise ratio. It is suggested that the Cross Spectral Density, which maybe related to the quantity of charge in transients, maybe indicative of localized corrosion.

Alawadhi, A.A. [Ministry of Electricity and Water, Manamq (Bahrain); Cottis, R.A. [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). Corrosion and Protection Centre

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

IEC documents | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IEC documents IEC documents IEC documents The U.S. Department of Energy has longstanding cooperative arrangements with foreign governments and international organizations in all areas of its mission - energy supply and security, science and technology, non-proliferation, and the environment, including promoting clean energy technologies to address climate change. The Department has over one hundred active commitments with 70-plus countries and 11 international organizations. Through this site, you can search and access the Department's library of active and historic (expired) commitments. Country or International Organization Algeria Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Canada CERN Chile China Colombia Costa Rica CSLF

156

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

157

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Use of Information Theory Concepts for Developing Contaminated Site Detection Method: Case for Fission Product and Actinides Accumulation Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information theory concepts and their fundamental importance for environmental pollution analysis in light of experience of Chernobyl accident in Belarus are discussed. An information and dynamic models of the radionuclide composition formation in the fuel of the Nuclear Power Plant are developed. With the use of code DECA numerical calculation of actinides (58 isotopes are included) and fission products (650 isotopes are included) activities has been carried out and their dependence with the fuel burn-up of the RBMK-type reactor have been investigated. (authors)

Harbachova, N.V.; Sharavarau, H.A. [Joint Institute of Power and Nuclear Research - 'Sosny' National Academy of Sciences, 99 Academic, A.K. Krasin Str., 220109 Minsk (Belarus)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Improvements in the computation of balances and localization of commercial losses of electric energy in 0.38-kV networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An example of four 0.38-kV overhead distribution lines fed from a 10/0.4-kV transformer substation of the Grodno Electrical Networks (Belarus') and supplying electricity to a cottage area is used for analyzing energy balances and commercial losses in the networks. It is shown that the reliability of such analysis can be ensured by the use of modern software and electronic energy meters recording a retrospective of half-hourly intervals of active and reactive electric energy.

Vorotnitskii, V. Z.; Zaslonov, S. V.; Lysyuk, S. S. [Electric Power Research Institute (VNIIE) (Russian Federation)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 52. Year-to-Date Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 1 - - 1,675 1,675 - 0 0 Australia .............................. - 2 5 - - 302 302 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 1 157 - - 2,602 2,602 7 958 965 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 2 2 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 3 256 - - - - - 19 19 Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 24 10,364 - - 1,626 1,626 - 3,162 3,162 Canada ...............................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 3 2 - - 1,506 1,506 - - - Australia .............................. - 2 7 - - 316 316 0 1 1 Bahamas ............................ - 1 136 - - 1,284 1,284 12 1,042 1,054 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 4 4 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 5 303 - - 248 248 - 50 50 Belize .................................. - - 0 - - 96 96 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 29 5,443 - - 6,240 6,240 - 3,909 3,909 Canada ............................... 24,688 42,457 6,994 - - 2,958 2,958 1,832 6,854 8,687

162

Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Jump to: navigation, search Name Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region: Institutions and Instruments for Moving Beyond an Environmental Management Culture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.escwa.un.org/inform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

163

Export.gov - FTA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FTA FTA Print | E-mail Page Free Trade Agreements Free Trade Agreements Home Australia Bahrain CAFTA-DR Chile Colombia Israel Jordan Korea Morocco NAFTA Oman Panama Peru Singapore Related Topics FTA Tariff Tool Trade Compliance Center USTR Website U.S. Free Trade Agreements Why should you care about free trade agreements (FTAs)? If you are looking to export your product or service, the United States may have negotiated favorable treatment through an FTA to make it easier and cheaper for you. Accessing FTA benefits for your product may require more record-keeping, but can also give your product a competitive advantage versus products from other countries. What is an FTA negotiated by the United States? An FTA is an agreement between two or more countries where the countries agree on certain obligations that affect trade in goods and services, and

164

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Jump to: navigation, search Name MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Ministry of electricity and energy of Egypt, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Algeria, Bahrain, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

165

Too early to tell on $100 oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Confidential Confidential Presentation to: April 7, 2008 Middle East oil demand and Lehman Brothers oil price outlook Adam Robinson Middle East oil demand u Three pillars of Middle East oil demand - Petrodollar reinvestment - Purchasing power rise - Power sector constraints u Natural gas shortages for power generation mean balance of risks to any Middle East oil demand forecast are firmly to the upside, adding to summer upside seasonality u Lehman Brothers has pegged 3Q08 as the tightest quarter of the current oil cycle, with a possible turning point coming by the end of the year 1 Putting the GCC economy in global context u GCC = Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman u GDP/capita in 2007: $19,000 - Nearly 3x China and 5x India u At $800 bn, GCC is a top 10 developing economy by size

166

Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Survey to assess Persian Gulf spill effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that an international group is poised for an extensive survey of the Persian Gulf, including an assessment of the long term effects of last year's oil spill, a legacy of the Persian Gulf war. Saudi Arabia plans a $450 million cleanup program on beaches fouled by the massive spill. Plans for the survey were disclosed by the United National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco). It is to be carried out under the auspices of the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (Ropme), Unesco's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Ropme member countries are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Not Available

1992-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

168

Persian Gulf: their oil, our need  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The degree of reliance of the US on Persian Gulf petroleum as well as problems facing Persian Gulf nations are addressed in this report. While US dependency on oil imports from Saudi Arabia is down, Japan and other western allies are very dependent on Saudi oil. The consequences of being deprived of Persian Gulf oil are described. The status and implications of the Iran-Iraq war are discussed in detail. The Arab countries in the region fear attacks on their oil fields by enemies and have developed a regional point defense strategy involving Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. OPEC's role in the area is described. The possibility of US intervention if needed to keep the Strait of Hormuz open and to protect the Gulf states from violence is also addressed. (DMC)

Brossard, E.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Issues for storing plant-based alternative fuels in marine environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Two coastal seawaters (Key West, FL, USA and the Persian Gulf, Bahrain, representing oligotrophic and eutrophic environments, respectively) were used to evaluate potential biodegradation and corrosion problems during exposure to alternative and conventional fuels. Uncoated carbon steel was exposed at the fuel/seawater interface and polarization resistance was monitored. Under typical marine storage conditions, dioxygen in natural seawater exposed to fuel and carbon steel was reduced to < 0.1 parts-per-million within 2 d due to consumption by corrosion reactions and aerobic microbial respiration. Sulfides, produced by anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacteria, and chlorides were co-located in corrosion products. Transient dioxygen influenced both metabolic degradation pathways and resulting metabolites. Catechols, indicative of aerobic biodegradation, persisted after 90 d exposures. Detection of catechols suggested that initial exposure to dioxygen resulted in the formation of aerobic metabolites that exacerbated subsequent corrosion processes.

Jason S. Lee; Richard I. Ray; Brenda J. Little; Kathleen E. Duncan; Deniz F. Aktas; Athenia L. Oldham; Irene A. Davidova; Joseph M. Suflita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Category:Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gas Gas Jump to: navigation, search This category includes companies and information related to oil (petroleum) or natural gas. Pages in category "Oil and Gas" The following 114 pages are in this category, out of 114 total. A Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Al Furat Petroleum Company Alabama Oil and Gas Board Alaska Division of Oil and Gas Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining Archaeological Resource Protection Act Archaeological Resources Protection Act Arizona Oil and Gas Commission Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission B Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act C California Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources California Environmental Quality Act

172

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

173

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sieeEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

174

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Agency/Company /Organization: Latin America Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Presentation, Webinar, Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.olade.org/eficiencia/indexEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

175

Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099 Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099 Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.eclac.org/publicaci Country Aruba, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean References Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099[1]

176

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Background analysis Website: www.olade.org/proyectoPlanificacionEnergetica.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

177

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sielEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

178

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation (Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework) Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

179

CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2010 Country Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

180

TEWS'98. Final report [5th annual International Science Camp: The Earth We Share 1998, Golden, CO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fifth annual International Science Camp The Earth We Share 1998 (TEWS'98) was held at the Colorado School of Mines located in Goldez Colorado. TEWS98 was a four week residential program which focused on providing a meaningful science education experience while developing critical thinking skills. Thirty three students, three teachers, four college interns and the camp administrator lived and worked together while developing solutions to several worldwide problems. These problems are called the Discovery Topics and they are: (1) design the worlds perfect house; (2) how many people can the world hold; and (3) predict the hot stocks for the year 2030. The participants, both students and staff came from different countries all over the world The following countries were represented: The United Kingdom, Sierra Leone (West Africa), Ireland, USA Nigeria, West Indies and Barbados.

Mae C. Jemison

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

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181

The Risk Assessment Information System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RAIS User's Group RAIS User's Group The connection is no longer here Fill out the following section for addition to the RAIS User's List: CONTACT DETAILS First name: * Required Last name: * Required Company: Street: City: State: Country: Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Virgin Islands, British Canada Cayman Islands Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Virgin Islands, U.S. Argentina Bolivia

182

Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Jump to: navigation, search Name Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner UNEP Sector Energy Focus Area - Solar Hot Water Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Workshop Website http://www.olade.org/iniciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America References Renewable Energy and Environment Coordination[1] OLADE is a Latin American organization working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and adaptation options. Specific activities include: methodology for climate

183

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boundary Layer Cloud Climatology at the ARM TWP Nauru Boundary Layer Cloud Climatology at the ARM TWP Nauru Site P. Kollias Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science/ Environmental Technology Laboratory University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado B.A. Albrecht University of Miami Miami, Florida Introduction Boundary layer (BL) clouds are fundamental in regulating the vertical structure of water vapor and entropy in the lowest 2 km of the Earth's atmosphere. Data on fair-weather cumuli have also received relatively little recent attention compared with marine stratocumulus clouds. Studies made thirty years ago, Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX, 1969) and the Atlantic Trade- Wind Experiment (ATEX, 1969), provided key analyses (Augstein et al., 1973; Holland and Rassmusen,

184

Hypothyroidism prevalence following exposure to radioiodines in childhood  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hypothyroidism prevalence following exposure to radioiodines in childhood Hypothyroidism prevalence following exposure to radioiodines in childhood and adolescence: Belarusian-American Cohort Study of Thyroid Cancer and Other Thyroid Diseases after the Chernobyl Accident Ostroumova Evgenia National Cancer Institute Abstract Background. Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid abnormality in patients treated with high doses of iodine-131 (131I). Data on risk of hypothyroidism from low to moderate 131I thyroid doses are limited and inconsistent. Objective. To assess the risk of hypothyroidism prevalence in relation to 131I doses from Chernobyl fallout exposure. Materials and methods. The analysis is based on the first screening cycle (1996–2003) of a Belarus-American study of thyroid diseases in a cohort of 10,827 individuals under 18 years of age at the time of the

185

Elektra Holding | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elektra Holding Elektra Holding Jump to: navigation, search Name Elektra Holding Place Sofia, Bulgaria Sector Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product A company owned by a group of Spanish families operating in Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Cyprus and Mexico developing wind, small hydro, biomass and solar. Coordinates 42.697085°, 23.32455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.697085,"lon":23.32455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

2012ExpertListingMASTERCOPY.xls  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Organization Title Organization Title Country/Subject Primary Expert Phone # (202- 586-xxxx) Email Alternate Expert Phone # (202- 586-xxxx) or (202-287-xxxx) Email PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Armenia Michael Apicelli 1238 Michael.Apicelli@hq.doe.gov David Gottfried 5622 david.gottfried@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Azerbaijan David Gottfried 5622 david.gottfried@hq.doe.gov Michael Apicelli 1238 Michael.Apicelli@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Belarus Paul Tumminia 8036 paul.tumminia@hq.doe.gov David Miller 9925 David.miller@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Climate Change Michael Apicelli 1238 Michael.Apicelli@hq.doe.gov David Gottfried 1238 david.gottfried@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Electricity Issues Michael Apicelli

187

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional definitions Regional definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure M1) are defined as follows: OECD (18 percent of the 2011 world population): OECD Americas-United States, Canada, Chile, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. Israel is reported in OECD Europe for statistical purposes. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2013 world population): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2013 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and

188

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

189

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

190

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

191

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

192

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

193

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

194

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional definitions Regional definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure M1) are defined as follows: OECD (18 percent of the 2011 world population): OECD Americas-United States, Canada, Chile, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom; OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2011 world population): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2011 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan,

195

Cancer risk estimation in Belarussian children due to thyroid irradiation as a consequence of the Chernobyl nuclear accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thyroid doses received by the juvenile population of Belarus following the Chernobyl accident ranged up to about 10 Gy. The thyroid cancer risk estimate recommended in NCRP Report No. 80 was used to predict the number of thyroid cancer cases among children during 1990-1992 in selected Belarussian regions and cities. The results obtained using this risk estimate show an excess of thyroid cancer cases being registered vs. the predicted cases. Thyroid cancer incidence rate among boys under investigation is higher than among girls in the postaccident period. The excess of the observed over the expected incidence in the general juvenile population is caused by the high thyroid cancer incidence rate among boys. These results, which can be considered part of the first stage of a thorough thyroid cancer risk estimation after the Chernobyl accident, demonstrate the critical need to complete these studies in depth. 6 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Buglova, E.; Kenigsberg, J.E.; Sergeeva, N.V. [Research Inst. of Radiation Medicine, Minsk (Belarus)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Book Review: Radiological Conditions in the Dnieper River Basin: Assessment by an International Expert Team and Recommendations for an Action Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is a book review of a report from the International Atomic Energy Agency that was prepared by a team of scientists from Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine as an assessment of radiological contamination of the Dnieper River, which flows through these three countries. The topics covered begin with radioactive sources (actual and potential) including areas affected by the Chernobyl nuclear accident, nuclear power plants along the river and its tributaries, uranium mining and ore processing, radioactive waste storage and disposal sites, and non-power sources, such as medicine, industry, and research. The report continues with an assessment of human exposures to radiation from these sources. An additional area of consideration is radiological “hot spots” in the region. The report finishes with conclusions and recommendations to the regional governments for a strategic action plan and individual government national plans.

Napier, Bruce A.

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

Electricity consumption and economic growth in transition countries: A revisit using bootstrap panel Granger causality analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to revisit the Granger causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth for 15 transition economies for the period 1975–2010 using a bootstrap panel causality approach that allows for both cross-sectional dependency and for heterogeneity across countries. Applying this approach, we found a unidirectional causality running from electricity consumption to economic growth only in Belarus and Bulgaria; from economic growth to electricity consumption in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and the Russian Federation; bidirectional causality only in Ukraine while no Granger causality in any direction in Albania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. These results show that there is a limited support for the electricity-led growth hypothesis. Nevertheless these different findings provide important implications for energy strategies and policies for transition countries.

Yemane Wolde-Rufael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Map-Annex 1 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Climate Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.unfccc.int/di/map/ Country: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States

199

Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA-booster subcritical assembly part 1: analytical models and main neutronics parameters.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was carried out to model and analyze the YALINA-Booster facility, of the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research of Belarus, with the long term objective of advancing the utilization of accelerator driven systems for the incineration of nuclear waste. The YALINA-Booster facility is a subcritical assembly, driven by an external neutron source, which has been constructed to study the neutron physics and to develop and refine methodologies to control the operation of accelerator driven systems. The external neutron source consists of Californium-252 spontaneous fission neutrons, 2.45 MeV neutrons from Deuterium-Deuterium reactions, or 14.1 MeV neutrons from Deuterium-Tritium reactions. In the latter two cases a deuteron beam is used to generate the neutrons. This study is a part of the collaborative activity between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of USA and the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research of Belarus. In addition, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has a coordinated research project benchmarking and comparing the results of different numerical codes with the experimental data available from the YALINA-Booster facility and ANL has a leading role coordinating the IAEA activity. The YALINA-Booster facility has been modeled according to the benchmark specifications defined for the IAEA activity without any geometrical homogenization using the Monte Carlo codes MONK and MCNP/MCNPX/MCB. The MONK model perfectly matches the MCNP one. The computational analyses have been extended through the MCB code, which is an extension of the MCNP code with burnup capability because of its additional feature for analyzing source driven multiplying assemblies. The main neutronics parameters of the YALINA-Booster facility were calculated using these computer codes with different nuclear data libraries based on ENDF/B-VI-0, -6, JEF-2.2, and JEF-3.1.

Talamo, A.; Gohar, M. Y. A.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

200

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. International . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bahrain barbados belarus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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201

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques in ESCWA Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.escwa.un.org/information/publications/edit/upload/sdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen UN Region: "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

202

Radiative effects of the smoke clouds from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiative effects of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were assessed by measuring downwelling and upwelling solar flux, as well as spectral solar extinction beneath, above, and within the smoke plume. Seven radiation flight missions were undertaken between May 16 and June 2, 1991, to characterize the plume between the source region in Kuwait and approximately 200 km south, near Manama, Bahrain. The authors present results from one flight representative of conditions of the composite plume. On May 18, 1991, in a homogeneous, well-mixed region of smoke approximately 100 km downstream of the fires, visible optical depths as high as 2 were measured, at which time transmission to the surface was 8%, while 78% of the solar radiation was absorbed by the smoke. The calculated instantaneous heating rate inside the plume reached 24 K/d. While these effects are probably typical of those regions in the Persian Gulf area directly covered by the smoke, there is no evidence to suggest significant climatic effects in other regions. 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Pilewskie, P.; Valero, F.P.J. [NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

203

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

Not Available

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

An econometric study of the demand for gasoline in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reliable and accurate estimation of price and income elasticities of demand for gasoline are important ingredients for long-run energy planning and policy formation. The purpose of this study is to develop and estimate a model for gasoline demand for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Oatar, Saufi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). The model is capable of producing short-run and long-run price and income elasticities. Since the first oil price hike in 1973, a great deal of attention has been directed toward the demand for gasoline, especially in the industrialized countries. Few studies have been directed toward the demand for gasoline in developing countries. In terms of primary energy consumption, the GCC`s energy needs are met by oil, natural gas, and electricity. Without any doubt, oil is the largest energy source consumed and gasoline is the most important oil product. However, very few studies have been directed toward analyzing GCC energy demand, and yet there has been not attempt to model and estimate GCC gasoline demand. This study attempts to address this gap.

Eltony, M.N.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

After the oil boom: The holiday ends in the gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most unmanageable risk facing American interests in the Persian Gulf is the slow but sure decay of the economic and political structure of the United States` key regional allies. They are the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states: Saudia Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). External threats to these friendly governments and the direct risks to the continued flow of oil has blinded Washington to the end of these countries 20-year holiday from politics and economics. The holiday from economics was characterized by, among other syndromes, the lack of binding budget constraints, which reduced and sometimes even eliminated the need to set spending priorities and allocate scarce economic resources. It is no longer possible to cover up structural weaknesses and policy inconsistencies. All major interest groups, including governments, ruling families, merchant families, and the population at large, are under pressure to earn not only their privileges but their keep. The need for Washington to address these new threats is examined.

Zanoyan, V.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Production from

211

International Coal Prices for Industry- EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industry for Selected Countries1 Industry for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA 37.24 NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 55.54 74.15 86.26 168.56 175.88 178.48 199.93 245.60 239.30 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bulgaria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China 27.15 30.40 32.14 43.17 NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 42.85 49.66 NA

212

International Natural Gas Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Households for Selected Countries1 Households for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per 107 Kilocalories - Gross Calorific Value2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 368.5 379.3 590.6 686.2 729.6 785.0 936.5 1,024.3 1,060.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 294.1 236.2 339.8 361.4 429.6 481.6 487.0 512.7 NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 372.5 253.2 278.6 310.3 360.1 385.7 435.7 538.5 NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 361.2 437.8 NA Croatia 235.5 281.4 332.3 386.2 391.4 400.8 436.7 NA NA Cuba NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

213

International Natural Gas Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per 107 Kilocalories - Gross Calorific Value2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium C C C C C C C C C Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 145.5 144.7 174.9 171.9 225.2 NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 244.7 252.1 258.6 281.0 326.2 348.5 400.8 499.3 NA

214

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 83.0 96.4 146.4 153.3 182.2 226.1 220.3 342.3 248.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 155.1 160.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 115.7 117.8 180.4 141.5 198.4 222.4 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA 183.4 NA NA NA NA NA

215

Electricity Prices for Households - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Households for Selected Countries1 Households for Selected Countries1 (U.S. Dollars per Kilowatthour) Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.023 NA NA Australia 0.091 0.092 0.094 0.098 NA NA NA NA NA Austria 0.144 0.154 0.152 0.163 0.158 0.158 0.178 0.201 NA Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.145 0.171 NA Canada 0.067 0.069 0.070 0.071 0.076 0.078 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.140 0.195 NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 0.075 0.071 0.074 0.076 0.079 0.079 0.080 0.086 NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.111 0.135 NA

216

A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

Hulstrom, R.L.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

MCNPX, MONK, and ERANOS analyses of the YALINA booster subcritical assembly.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper compares the numerical results obtained from various nuclear codes and nuclear data libraries with the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly (Minsk, Belarus) experimental results. This subcritical assembly was constructed to study the physics and the operation of accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADS) for transmuting the light water reactors (LWR) spent nuclear fuel. The YALINA Booster facility has been accurately modeled, with no material homogenization, by the Monte Carlo codes MCNPX (MCNP/MCB) and MONK. The MONK geometrical model matches that of MCNPX. The assembly has also been analyzed by the deterministic code ERANOS. In addition, the differences between the effective neutron multiplication factor and the source multiplication factors have been examined by alternative calculational methodologies. The analyses include the delayed neutron fraction, prompt neutron lifetime, generation time, neutron flux profiles, and spectra in various experimental channels. The accuracy of the numerical models has been enhanced by accounting for all material impurities and the actual density of the polyethylene material used in the assembly (the latter value was obtained by dividing the total weight of the polyethylene by its volume in the numerical model). There is good agreement between the results from MONK, MCNPX, and ERANOS. The ERANOS results show small differences relative to the other results because of material homogenization and the energy and angle discretizations.The MCNPX results match the experimental measurements of the {sup 3}He(n,p) reaction rates obtained with the californium neutron source.

Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y.; Aliberti, G.; Cao, Y.; Smith, D.; Zhong, Z.; Kiyavitskaya, H.; Bournos, V.; Fokov, Y.; Routkovskaya, C.; Serafimovich, I. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (Joint Inst. for Power and Nuclear Research); (National Academy of Science of Belarus)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric Chernobyl-released radioactivity, assessed at about 2 x 10{sup 18} Bq, caused global environmental contamination. Contaminated air masses appeared in the Transcaucasian region in early May, 1986. Rains that month promoted intense radionuclide deposition all over Georgia. The contamination level of western Georgia considerably exceeded the contamination level of eastern Georgia. The Black Sea coast of Georgia suffered from the Chernobyl accident as much as did strongly contaminated areas of the Ukraine and Belarus`. Unfortunately, governmental decrees on countermeasures against the consequences of the Chernobyl accident at that time did not even refer to the coast of Georgia. The authors observed the first increase in radioactivity background in rainfall samples collected on May 2, 1986, in Tbilisi. {gamma}-Spectrometric measurements of aerosol filters, vegetation, food stuffs, and other objects, in addition to rainfall, persistently confirmed the occurrence of short-lived radionuclides, including {sup 131}I. At first, this fact seemed unbelievable, because the Chernobyl accident had occurred only 4-5 days earlier and far from Georgia. However, these arguments proved to be faulty. Soon, environmental monitoring of radiation in Georgia became urgent. Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia shortly after the Chernobyl accident, as well as the methods of analysis, are reported in this paper.

Mosulishvili, L.M.; Shoniya, N.I.; Katamadze, N.M. [Institute of Physics, Tbilisi, Georgia (Russian Federation)] [and others

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

US/Belarusian government-to-government material protection, control, and accounting cooperation at the Sosny science and technology center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A formal program of cooperation between the US Department of Energy and the Belarusian regulatory agency Promatomnazdor (PAN) began in 1994. A visit to the Belarusian Sosny Science and Technology Center (SSTC) by representatives from the United States, Sweden, Japan, and the International Atomic Energy Agency resulted in a multinational program of cooperation to enhance the existing material protection, control, and accounting systems in place at Sosny. Specific physical-protection-related recommendations included upgrades to the physical protection systems at Buildings 33 and 40 at Sosny and the security systems in the SSTC central alarm station. US experts, in conjunction with the multinational team and Belarus representatives, have reviewed initial designs for physical protection upgrades at Sosny. Subsequently, the United States assumed an essential role for funding and technical oversight for enhancements at the SSTC, aspects of its emergency communication systems, and the upgrade of the SSTC site access control system. This paper addresses the status of physical protection enhancements at the Sosny site.

Case, R.S. Jr.; Baumann, M.; Madsen, R.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Krevsum, E. [Sosny Science and Technology Center, Minsk (Belarus); Haase, M. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Proceedings of the Chornobyl phytoremediation and biomass energy conversion workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many concepts, systems, technical approaches, technologies, ideas, agreements, and disagreements were vigorously discussed during the course of the 2-day workshop. The workshop was successful in generating intensive discussions on the merits of the proposed concept that includes removal of radionuclides by plants and trees (phytoremediation) to clean up soil in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ), use of the resultant biomass (plants and trees) to generate electrical power, and incorporation of ash in concrete casks to be used as storage containers in a licensed repository for low-level waste. Twelve years after the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 accident, which occurred on April 26, 1986, the primary 4radioactive contamination of concern is from radioactive cesium ({sup 137}Cs) and strontium ({sup 90}Sr). The {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr were widely distributed throughout the CEZ. The attendees from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Denmark and the US provided information, discussed and debated the following issues considerably: distribution and characteristics of radionuclides in CEZ; efficacy of using trees and plants to extract radioactive cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) from contaminated soil; selection of energy conversion systems and technologies; necessary infrastructure for biomass harvesting, handling, transportation, and energy conversion; radioactive ash and emission management; occupational health and safety concerns for the personnel involved in this work; and economics. The attendees concluded that the overall concept has technical and possibly economic merits. However, many issues (technical, economic, risk) remain to be resolved before a viable commercial-scale implementation could take place.

Hartley, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Tokarevsky, V. [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)] [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Numerical modelling of salinity variations due to wind and thermohaline forcing in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salinity is an important component of the marine system. Due to shallow nature of the Persian Gulf, the salinity has been influenced by both wind driven and surface thermohaline fluxes (heat and moisture fluxes). In this study, the seasonal distribution of salinity and its variations due to wind stress and thermohaline forcing are investigated by using a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model, Coupled Hydrodynamical–Ecological Model for Regional and Shelf Seas (COHERENS). The simulation results show that the salinity in the Persian Gulf experiences dramatic spatial and temporal variations. The influence of the thermohaline forcing is considerably more than the wind stress on the salinity. The effect of the surface thermohaline fluxes over the salinity field is generally to increase the salinity for almost all the water column during the year. This effect is high during September–November where the evaporative surface salinity flux dominates over inflow of low-salinity values of Indian Ocean Surface Water. The wind forcing at the most regions of the Persian Gulf, in particular at the United Arab Emirate (UAE) coast and Bahrain–Qatar shelf, freshens the water all the year round. The wind and thermohaline forcing in March–June have strong potential to generate stratification in salinity structure. The model predictions, which are successful in simulating many features of observed pattern, indicate that the surface water of the Gulf is saltier in winter than that in spring and early summer. Both heat fluxes and wind stress play an important role for this seasonal cycle of the surface salinity.

S. Hassanzadeh; F. Hosseinibalam; A. Rezaei-Latifi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

YALINA-booster subcritical assembly pulsed-neutron experiments : data processing and spatial corrections.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The YALINA-Booster experiments and analyses are part of the collaboration between Argonne National Laboratory of USA and the Joint Institute for Power & Nuclear Research - SOSNY of Belarus for studying the physics of accelerator driven systems for nuclear energy applications using low enriched uranium. The YALINA-Booster subcritical assembly is utilized for studying the kinetics of accelerator driven systems with its highly intensive D-T or D-D pulsed neutron source. In particular, the pulsed neutron methods are used to determine the reactivity of the subcritical system. This report examines the pulsed-neutron experiments performed in the YALINA-Booster facility with different configurations for the subcritical assembly. The 1141 configuration with 90% U-235 fuel and the 1185 configuration with 36% or 21% U-235 fuel are examined. The Sjoestrand area-ratio method is utilized to determine the reactivities of the different configurations. The linear regression method is applied to obtain the prompt neutron decay constants from the pulsed-neutron experimental data. The reactivity values obtained from the experimental data are shown to be dependent on the detector locations inside the subcritical assembly and the types of detector used for the measurements. In this report, Bell's spatial correction factors are calculated based on a Monte Carlo model to remove the detector dependences. The large differences between the reactivity values given by the detectors in the fast neutron zone of the YALINA-Booster are reduced after applying the spatial corrections. In addition, the estimated reactivity values after the spatial corrections are much less spatially dependent.

Cao, Y.; Gohar, Y.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

223

Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA booster subcritical assembly, Part III : low enriched uranium conversion analyses.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigates the performance of the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly, located in Belarus, during operation with high (90%), medium (36%), and low (21%) enriched uranium fuels in the assembly's fast zone. The YALINA Booster is a zero-power, subcritical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was constructed for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven subcritical systems, and to serve as a fast neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinides. The first part of this study analyzes the assembly's performance with several fuel types. The MCNPX and MONK Monte Carlo codes were used to determine effective and source neutron multiplication factors, effective delayed neutron fraction, prompt neutron lifetime, neutron flux profiles and spectra, and neutron reaction rates produced from the use of three neutron sources: californium, deuterium-deuterium, and deuterium-tritium. In the latter two cases, the external neutron source operates in pulsed mode. The results discussed in the first part of this report show that the use of low enriched fuel in the fast zone of the assembly diminishes neutron multiplication. Therefore, the discussion in the second part of the report focuses on finding alternative fuel loading configurations that enhance neutron multiplication while using low enriched uranium fuel. It was found that arranging the interface absorber between the fast and the thermal zones in a circular rather than a square array is an effective method of operating the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly without downgrading neutron multiplication relative to the original value obtained with the use of the high enriched uranium fuels in the fast zone.

Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division) [Nuclear Engineering Division

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

224

Chernobyl nuclear accident hydrologic analysis and emergency evaluation of radionuclide distributions in the Dnieper River, Ukraine, during the 1993 summer flood  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes joint activities of Program 7.1.F, ``Radionuclide Transport in Water and Soil Systems,`` of the USA/Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Joint Coordinating Committee of Civilian Nuclear Reactor Safety to study the hydrogeochemical behavior of radionuclides released to the Pripyat and Dnieper rivers from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine. These joint activities included rapid evaluation of radionuclide distributions in the Pripyat and Dnieper river system and field data evaluation and modeling for the 1993 summer flood to assist the Ukrainian government in their emergency response during the flood. In July-August 1993, heavy rainfall over the Pripyat River Catchment in Belarus and Ukraine caused severe flooding, significantly raising {sup 90}Sr concentrations in the river. Near the Chernobyl area, the maximum {sup 90}Sr concentration in the Pripyat River reached 20--25 PCi/L in early August; near the Pripyat River mouth, the concentration rose to 35 pCi/L. The peak {sup 90}Sr concentration in the Kiev Reservoir (a major source of drinking water for Kiev) was 12 pCi/L. Based on these measured radionuclide levels, additional modeling results and the assumption of water purification in a water treatment station, {sup 90}Sr concentrations in Kiev`s drinking water were estimated to be less than 8 pCi/L. Unlike {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs concentrations in the Pripyat River during the flood did not rise significantly to the pre-flood levels. Estimated {sup 137}Cs concentrations for the Kiev drinking water were two orders of magnitude lower than the drinking water standard of 500 pCi/L for {sup 137}Cs.

Voitsekhovitch, O.V. [Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Inst., Kiev (Ukraine); Zheleznyak, M.J. [Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine). Cybernetics Center; Onishi, Y. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

The future of nuclear weapons: Proliferation in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty in December 1987, followed by the dramatic changes in East-West relations since 1989 and the more recent Soviet-American strategic arms limitation agreement, have greatly eased public concerns about the danger of nuclear war. The context has also changed for the Nonaligned Movement, which had made nuclear disarmament and condemnation of the concept of nuclear deterrence the primary themes of its multilateral disarmament diplomacy. More important would be the interrelationship among the states possessing nuclear weapons (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan). In any case, there is little risk of a revival of nuclear competition. Both France and China have decided to sign the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT); they are the only two nuclear-weapon states that have stayed outside the regime. Meanwhile, Brazil and Argentina have moved further down the nonproliferation road by engaging in confidence-building measures and moving closer to joining the Latin American nuclear-weapons-free zone established under the Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1967. South Africa has also agreed to embrace the NPT as well as a nuclear-weapons-free zone regime for the entire African continent, while North Korea has agreed to sign a safeguard agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), thereby allowing in principle international inspection of its nuclear facilities. In the third world regions, the dangers of nuclear proliferation and competitive nuclear buildup are most pronounced in South Asia, a region where a variety of complicating problems exist: acute threat perceptions, historical emity, religious and sectarian animosity, ethnic antagonism, territorial disputes, ambitions for regional dominance, and domestic political instability. This chapter will focus primarily on South Asia, although references will also be made to other regions, where relevant. 17 refs.

Kamal, N. [Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabada (Pakistan)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

226

U.S. Department of Energy, Defense Programs, activities to support the safe, secure dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the Former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In September 1991 President Bush announced sweeping cuts in the US nuclear weapon stockpile as well as changes in deployment to remove significant numbers of weapons from alert status and to return to the US for storage many weapons formerly based abroad in US sites. In October 1991 President Gorbachev announced similar moves for the Soviet Union. Even though the Gorbachev announcement represented a substantial step forward in reducing tension between the US and the Soviet Union, the US continued to be concerned about the deteriorating situation in the Soviet Union and the prospects for internal stability. As a result, in November 1991 the Administration began talks with the Soviets in a number of areas including field disablement of nuclear weapons to prevent unauthorized use, emergency response in the event of a weapons accident, and command and control of nuclear weapons. The Nunn-Lugar legislation assured assistance to the Soviet Union in the safe, secure dismantlement (SSD) of weapons to implement the Gorbachev commitment and in the development of measures to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The Department of Energy (DOE) is supporting and collaborating with the Department of Defense (DOD) in several areas due to the DOE responsibilities for developing, assembling, and dismantling US warheads and as the custodian of the nuclear materials stockpile. Russia, as the successor state to the Soviet Union, controls the nuclear weapons of the Former Soviet Union. Thus, DOE`s nuclear weapon and nuclear materials expertise are being applied particularly to Russia. However, the DOE is also providing assistance to Belarus and is prepared to assist Ukraine and Kazakhstan as well if agreements can be reached. In this paper, the DOE SSD activities in support of DOD as the US Executive Agent will be discussed. Two areas will not be covered, namely, DOD activities and the purchase of highly enriched uranium.

Turner, J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Feasibility and options for purchasing nuclear weapons, highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium from the former Soviet Union (FSU)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to a recent tasking from the National Security Council, this report seeks to analyze the possible options open to the US for purchasing, from the former Soviet Union (FSU) substantial quantities of plutonium and highly enriched uranium recovered from the accelerated weapons retirements and dismantlements that will soon be taking place. The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the implications of some of the options that now appear to be open to the United States, it being recognized that several issues might have to be addressed in further detail if the US Government, on its own, or acting with others seeks to negotiate any such purchases on an early basis. As an outgrowth of the dissolution of the Soviet Union three of the C.I.S. republics now possessing nuclear weapons, namely the Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, have stated that it is their goal, without undue delay, to become non-nuclear weapon states as defined in the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Of overriding US concern is the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Third World, and the significant opportunity that the availability of such a large quantity of surplus weapons grade material might present in this regard, especially to a cash-starved FSU Republic. Additionally, the US, in its endeavor to drawdown its own arsenal, needs to assure itself that these materials are not being reconfigured into more modern weapons within the CIS in a manner which would be inconsistent with the stated intentions and publicized activities. The direct purchase of these valuable materials by the US government or by interested US private enterprises could alleviate these security concerns in a straightforward and very expeditious manner, while at the same time pumping vitally needed hard currency into the struggling CIS economy. Such a purchase would seem to be entirely consistent with the Congressional mandate indicated by the Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

228

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z