Sample records for bahrain barbados belarus

  1. Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

  2. Barbados: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados: Energy

  3. Intern experience at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain: an internship report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljamea, Najeeb Ahmad

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    . Organization Chart of the Directorate of Administration and Financial A ffa irs ............................. 19 6. Configuration of the System Control C e n te r ..........................................25 7. Hardware Configuration of the Master S t a t io... chart of the Electricity Directorate of Bahrain is shown in figure 3. plSmS SxqdxSSDdxq LSUnDufSxum nDS maUUMDuSL :I ulS MulSD LSUnDufSxum dx ulS BLfdxdmuDnudMx nxL ulS GdxnxgdnT BCCndDm .dDSguMDnuS vduldx ulS NMvSD nxL HJs TM Rs xr AR JZU fdc...

  4. "To make their owne termes": servant rebelliousness and the transitionto slavery in seventeenth-century Barbados and Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compton, Tonia M

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the seventeenth century the English colonies of Barbados and Virginia relied upon the institution of indentured servitude to meet their labor needs. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, both colonies had come to rely upon...

  5. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    16 let spustya [Life after Chernobyl: 16 years later]. 2002.Press. Belarus and Chernobyl: The Second Decade. 1998. Ed.Alexievich, S. 1997. Chernobyl’skaya molitva. Hronika

  6. Dynamics of the radiation situation on the territory of the Republic of Belarus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matveyenko, I.I.; Zhukova, O.M. [Republic Centre of Radiation and Environment Monitoring, Minsk (Belarus). Belarus State Dept. for Hydrometerology

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the environmental contamination in Belarus before the Chernobyl accident and after it. The soil concentration was determined for iodine-131 in 1986, cerium-144 in 1986, and cesium-137 in 1993. Surface water contamination was determined for cesium-137 from 1987-1991. The vertical migration of cesium 137 was determined in soil.

  7. Global warming implications of facade parameters: A life cycle assessment of residential buildings in Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radhi, Hassan, E-mail: h_alradhi@yahoo.com [Global Engineering Bureau, P.O Box 33130, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain); Sharples, Stephen, E-mail: steve.sharples@liverpool.ac.uk [School of Architecture, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    On a global scale, the Gulf Corporation Council Countries (GCCC), including Bahrain, are amongst the top countries in terms of carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Building authority in Bahrain has set a target of 40% reduction of electricity consumption and associated CO{sub 2} emissions to be achieved by using facade parameters. This work evaluates how the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of buildings are affected by facade parameters. The main focus is placed on direct and indirect CO{sub 2} emissions from three contributors, namely, chemical reactions during production processes (Pco{sub 2}), embodied energy (Eco{sub 2}) and operational energy (OPco{sub 2}). By means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, it has been possible to show that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase (80-90%). However, embodied CO{sub 2} emissions are an important factor that needs to be brought into the systems used for appraisal of projects, and hence into the design decisions made in developing projects. The assessment shows that masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO{sub 2} emissions of facade construction, mainly due to their physical characteristics. The highest Pco{sub 2} emissions factors are those of window elements, particularly aluminium frames. However, their contribution of CO{sub 2} emissions depends largely on the number and size of windows. Each square metre of glazing is able to increase the total CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 30% when compared with the same areas of opaque walls. The use of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) walls reduces the total life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 5.2% when compared with ordinary walls, while the use of thermal insulation with concrete wall reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.2%. The outcome of this work offers to the building industry a reliable indicator of the environmental impact of residential facade parameters. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Life cycle carbon assessment of facade parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO2 emissions of facade construction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Window contribution of CO2 emissions depends on the number and size of windows. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Without insulation, AAC walls offer more savings in CO2 emissions.

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guyana Philippines Bahrain Haiti Qatar Bangladesh India Russia Belarus... Republic of Libya Togo Congo, Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Cuba Madagascar Turkey Cyprus, northern part...

  9. Measurement and comparison of individual external doses of high-school students living in Japan, France, Poland and Belarus -- the "D-shuttle" project --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adachi, N; Adjovi, Y; Aida, K; Akamatsu, H; Akiyama, S; Akli, A; Ando, A; Andrault, T; Antonietti, H; Anzai, S; Arkoun, G; Avenoso, C; Ayrault, D; Banasiewicz, M; Bana?kiewicz, M; Bernandini, L; Bernard, E; Berthet, E; Blanchard, M; Boreyko, D; Boros, K; Charron, S; Cornette, P; Czerkas, K; Dameron, M; Date, I; De Pontbriand, M; Demangeau, F; Dobaczewski, ?; Dobrzy?ski, L; Ducouret, A; Dziedzic, M; Ecalle, A; Edon, V; Endo, K; Endo, T; Endo, Y; Etryk, D; Fabiszewska, M; Fang, S; Fauchier, D; Felici, F; Fujiwara, Y; Gardais, C; Gaul, W; Guérin, L; Hakoda, R; Hamamatsu, I; Handa, K; Haneda, H; Hara, T; Hashimoto, M; Hashimoto, T; Hashimoto, K; Hata, D; Hattori, M; Hayano, R; Hayashi, R; Higasi, H; Hiruta, M; Honda, A; Horikawa, Y; Horiuchi, H; Hozumi, Y; Ide, M; Ihara, S; Ikoma, T; Inohara, Y; Itazu, M; Ito, A; Janvrin, J; Jout, I; Kanda, H; Kanemori, G; Kanno, M; Kanomata, N; Kato, T; Kato, S; Katsu, J; Kawasaki, Y; Kikuchi, K; Kilian, P; Kimura, N; Kiya, M; Klepuszewski, M; Kluchnikov, E; Kodama, Y; Kokubun, R; Konishi, F; Konno, A; Kontsevoy, V; Koori, A; Koutaka, A; Kowol, A; Koyama, Y; Kozio?, M; Kozue, M; Kravtchenko, O; Krucza?a, W; Kud?a, M; Kudo, H; Kumagai, R; Kurogome, K; Kurosu, A; Kuse, M; Lacombe, A; Lefaillet, E; Magara, M; Malinowska, J; Malinowski, M; Maroselli, V; Masui, Y; Matsukawa, K; Matsuya, K; Matusik, B; Maulny, M; Mazur, P; Miyake, C; Miyamoto, Y; Miyata, K; Miyata, K; Miyazaki, M; Mol?da, M; Morioka, T; Morita, E; Muto, K; Nadamoto, H; Nadzikiewicz, M; Nagashima, K; Nakade, M; Nakayama, C; Nakazawa, H; Nihei, Y; Nikul, R; Niwa, S; Niwa, O; Nogi, M; Nomura, K; Ogata, D; Ohguchi, H; Ohno, J; Okabe, M; Okada, M; Okada, Y; Omi, N; Onodera, H; Onodera, K; Ooki, S; Oonishi, K; Oonuma, H; Ooshima, H; Oouchi, H; Orsucci, M; Paoli, M; Penaud, M; Perdrisot, C; Petit, M; Piskowski, A; P?ocharski, A; Polis, A; Polti, L; Potsepnia, T; Przybylski, D; Pytel, M; Quillet, W; Remy, A; Robert, C; Sadowski, M; Saito, M; Sakuma, D; Sano, K; Sasaki, Y; Sato, N; Schneider, T; Schneider, C; Schwartzman, K; Selivanov, E; Sezaki, M; Shiroishi, K; Shustava, I; ?nieci?ska, A; Stalchenko, E; Staro?, A; Stromboni, M; Studzi?ska, W; Sugisaki, H; Sukegawa, T; Sumida, M; Suzuki, Y; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, R; Suzuki, H; Suzuki, K; ?widerski, W; Szudejko, M; Szymaszek, M; Tada, J; Taguchi, H; Takahashi, K; Tanaka, D; Tanaka, G; Tanaka, S; Tanino, K; Tazbir, K; Tcesnokova, N; Tgawa, N; Toda, N; Tsuchiya, H; Tsukamoto, H; Tsushima, T; Tsutsumi, K; Umemura, H; Uno, M; Usui, A; Utsumi, H; Vaucelle, M; Wada, Y; Watanabe, K; Watanabe, S; Watase, K; Witkowski, M; Yamaki, T; Yamamoto, J; Yamamoto, T; Yamashita, M; Yanai, M; Yasuda, K; Yoshida, Y; Yoshida, A; Yoshimura, K; ?mijewska, M; Zuclarelli, E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Twelve high schools in Japan (of which six are in Fukushima Prefecture), four in France, eight in Poland and two in Belarus cooperated in the measurement and comparison of individual external doses in 2014. In total 216 high-school students and teachers participated in the study. Each participant wore an electronic personal dosimeter "D-shuttle" for two weeks, and kept a journal of his/her whereabouts and activities. The distributions of annual external doses estimated for each region overlap with each other, demonstrating that the personal external individual doses in locations where residence is currently allowed in Fukushima Prefecture and in Belarus are well within the range of estimated annual doses due to the background radiation level of other regions/countries.

  10. Indigenous Anthropology Beyond Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Varese, Guillermo Delgado and Rodolfo meyer

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Andean languages. Tristan Platt in his essay, “Entre Ch’axwaThe problem, observes Platt, occurs when the line blursHowever, what is important in Platt’s observations is that

  11. Indigenous Anthropology Beyond Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Varese, Guillermo Delgado and Rodolfo meyer

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fausto Reynaga (Aymara, Bolivia), Dolores Cacuango (Quichua,C. Tello and A. Lipschutz in Bolivia, Peru and Chile, or J.it was becoming evident in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia

  12. Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus, 2003. 21 7+( '(),1,7,21 2) 38/6$7,1* +($7 3,3(6 $1 29(59,(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus)-711-685-2142, Fax: (+49)-711-685-2010, E-mail: khandekar@ike.uni-stuttgart.de $EVWUDFW Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) have emerged as interesting alternatives to conventional heat transfer technologies. These simple

  13. Bahrain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtria PowerAxeonBCHPBVGBadger Transport

  14. Solar Hot Water Heater Industry in Barbados

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartment of Energy Ready,SmartEnergyEnergy ResourceSolar Hot

  15. Belarus: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,

  16. Intern experience at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljamea, Najeeb Ahmad

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    n ......................................27 8. A VDU Picture of a Substation .............................................................. 35 9. A VDU Picutre of the Alarm List................................................................ 38 10... consists of : - Over-head lines : 33kv &66kv - Underground cables : 33kv & 66kv & 220kv - Substations: 33 /llkv & 66 /llkv & 220/66kv. Associated with this equipment is a protection system which utilises a network of pilot cables. The transmission...

  17. Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumAguaBBB Umwelttechnik GmbH JumpSunOasis

  18. Trade & Investment Barbados, 18-20 September 2005 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and practical experience have identified core technologies that can deliver increased food production, disease nutrients with chemical or organic fertilisers, the mass distribution of insecticide-treated bednets

  19. Transactions of the 16th Caribbean Geological Conference, Barbados.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbott Jr., Richard N.

    Hispaniola is one of the four large islands of the Greater Antilles (Fig. 1). Three of the islands (Jamaica, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico) lie just south of the northern edge of the Caribbean plate. The fourth of the Greater Antilles: C = Cuba; H = Hispaniola; J = Jama

  20. Solar Hot Water Heater Industry in Barbados | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's Nuclear EnergySmart Meters and|WaterEnergyFieldHot

  1. Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont:Solarfilms Co

  2. Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003Vermont:Solarfilms CoResilience Framework |

  3. Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems

  4. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnical PublicationsDepartmentEnergy Meeting

  5. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), OctoberMay 18-19, 2004 MeetingDepartment of

  6. Estimating recharge thresholds in tropical karst island aquifers: Barbados, Puerto Rico and Guam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner, Jay L.

    at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712 USA b Texas Water Development Board, P.O. Box 13231, Austin, TX 78711-3231 USA 13231, Austin, TX 78711­3231, USA. Fax: þ1- 512-936-0889. E-mail addresses: ian

  7. Born: 1929, Baranovicze, then Poland, now Belarus In 1937 emigrated to Christchurch New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Emmanuel

    Cited: 236 DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC-ACIDS (C1-C10) IN THE ATMOSPHERE, MOTOR EXHAUSTS, AND ENGINE OILS of Sulphur Isotopes, IR. Kaplan* and SC. Rittenberg Journal of General Microbiology, 1964 #12;The age curves,051 MICROBIOLOGICAL FRACTIONATION OF SULPHUR ISOTOPES. By: KAPLAN, I R; RITTENBERG, S C Journal of general

  8. Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

  9. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  10. ICDERS July 27-31, 2009 Minsk, Belarus Correspondence to: kmchung@astrc.iaalab.ncku.edu.tw 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Diaphragm Effect on Detonation Wave Transmission from Propane/Oxygen to Propane/Air Jiun-Ming Li1 , Kung on the detonation wave propagation from a propane/oxygen mixture to a propane/air mixture. 2 Experimental setup the diaphragm was 922 mm long, see Fig. 1. A stoichiometric propane/oxygen mixture filled the donor tube while

  11. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a mobile nuclear power plant to radiation protection ofless than a nuclear accident or a radiation safety disaster:on Radiation Protection) 55 —shape international nuclear

  12. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ci/km²” (Areas with cesium contamination higher than 40 Ci/based on the contamination with Cesium-137); it had enoughsince cesium-137, the major source of contamination, tends

  13. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unipack. Irwin, A.1995. Citizen Science: a Study of People,and lay expertise in Citizen Science (1995), though, forof Humility: Citizen Participation in Governing Science.

  14. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contaminated territories, decontamination, and developmentsanatoria and resorts). Decontamination and rehabilitationmeasures” aimed at decontamination and facilitation of

  15. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dirty With some joint efforts of the village authorities [selsovet], the local doctor, the head of the hospital, the money

  16. U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cook Islands

  17. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet Union (Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Russia),kg CO 2 /$GDP FSS Ukraine Kazakhstan Iran East Asia BelarusAsia China South Africa Kazakhstan Malaysia Russia Thailand

  18. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Belarus and Kazakhstan that promote an alternativeof Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan, as counterweights tofrom Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan to European markets without

  19. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Morocco Zimbabwe Belarus Mongolia Dominican Re Peru SouthSerbia Zambia Morocco Mongolia Nauru Bolivia ArgentinaZimbabwe Belarus Morocco Mongolia Algeria Cyprus Dominican

  20. JOUKNAI, OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 98. NO. D7. PAGES 12.673-12.685, JULY 20. 1993 Aerosol Selenium at Bermuda and Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    constant concentration in deep waters (Boyle et al. 1976, Bruland & Franks 1983).This distribution is prima ocean (-10 pM Zn', -1 pM Cd'; Bruland 1989, 1992) al- though Cd cannot completely replace Zn. Over

  1. International Enrollment: Fall 2010 and South Middle North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Vietnam. Europe Other: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria

  2. Erdteil/Land Gesamt mnnlich weiblich Erstimm. Neuimm. Rckgem. Beurlaubt Afrika 53 44 9 5 0 44 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    Ungarn 2 - 2 - - 2 - Vereinigtes Königreich 2 2 - - - 2 - Weissrussland (Belarus) 3 - 3 - - 3 - Zypern 1

  3. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syrian Arab Republic Belarus Kazakhstan Trinidad and Tobago Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Kyrgyzstan

  4. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia

  5. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ. (NORWAY) Svalbard FY R OM* SER. KAZAKHSTAN Black Sea Barents Sea

  6. The Comparative Geographies of Servitude: Servitude, Slavery, and Ideology in the 17th-and 18th-Century Anglo-American Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Laura Elizabeth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    her servant, Yahamona, in Hispaniola, 58 and jumpstart hisagainst the tendency of Hispaniola has replaced Barbados as

  7. Paul Bosco | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    installations throughout Europe and the Middle East, to include bases in Italy, Spain, England, Portugal, Greece and Bahrain. Prior to that, he was the Facilities Director and...

  8. area consortium research: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    138 Introduction Report 21 of the Consortium project "Seismic Waves in Complex 3D Structures" Geosciences Websites Summary: on Seismic Anisotropy in Bahrain in 2012, and...

  9. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  10. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  11. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  12. Margins of Multinational Labor Substitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas; Becker, Sascha O.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Balkan countries, Belarus, Turkey, and Ukraine Developing countries including Russia and Central Asian economies as well as dominions of Western

  13. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .RUS. BULGARIA CZ.REP. SLO. SLOV. AUS. BOS. & GEORGIA ROMANIA UKRAINE BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ

  14. antigua and barbuda: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Antarctic Territory Steiner, Ullrich 3 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  15. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

  16. amsterdam noord op: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  17. amsterdam puls stretcher: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  18. amsterdam wat levert: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  19. amsterdam cohort studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Geosciences Websites Summary: .V., Amsterdam MK Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados...

  20. Secretaries Chu and Clinton Praise Energy Cooperation Across...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for energy efficiency and conservation. Barbados is unlocking the potential of solar water heaters, and islands such as St. Kitts and Nevis and Dominica are developing their...

  1. Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece, andBelarus Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic -0.282*** -5.74 -Republic, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Poland exhibit relatively

  2. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990-91,” Eds. Jan KoehlerIn southwestern Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbiainclude: Belarus, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia,

  3. Erdteil/Land Gesamt mnnlich weiblich Erstimm. Neuimm. Rckgem. Beurlaubt Afrika 83 58 25 18 2 59 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    - Ungarn 4 2 2 1 1 2 - Vereinigtes Königreich 4 3 1 2 - 2 - Weissrussland (Belarus) 2 - 2 - - 2 - Zypern 3

  4. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nearby states (Uzbekistan in 2004, Kazakhstan and Belarus in2006, Armenia in 2006, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in 2007,of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and

  5. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  6. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

  7. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh Moldova Belarus Mongolia Belgium Morocco BoliviaAustria Mexico Bangladesh Mongolia Belgium Morocco BoliviaAustralia Mexico Austria Mongolia Bangladesh Morocco Belgium

  8. Riso-R-742(EN) EU-CISJoint Study Project 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiev, Ukraine IgorV.Rolevich Chernobyl State Committee Minsk, Belarus Anatoliy M. Skryabin Research after the Chernobyl accident in the CIS republics Ukraine, Belarus and Russia have been evaluated the Chernobyl accident 26 3.4 Comparison of BARD and ASQRAD risk calculations 31 3.5 Attributable risks from

  9. armavir marz armenia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 Armenia 1 Australia 3 Austria 7 Bangladesh 23 Barbados 1 Belgium 1 Bolivia 5 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1 Brazil 8 Bulgaria 9 Burundi 1 Cameroon 6 Canada 7 Chile 6 China,...

  10. `The Power of Caribbean Poetry Word and Sound' The Caribbean Poetry Project (CPP) conference, under the auspices of the Faculty of Education Centre for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Adrian

    `The Power of Caribbean Poetry ­ Word and Sound' The Caribbean by three associate members based in Barbados, plus four British / Caribbean poet views, values and ambitions for the teaching of Caribbean poetry. There were

  11. A. Cruise Narrative: A16C Updated 2004.SEP.14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orr/Princeton Dates 1989.MAR.13 ­ 1989.APR.19 Ship R/V MELVILLE Ports of call Montevideo, Uruguay 4 Montevideo, Uruguay to Bridgetown, Barbados 13 March - 19 April 1989 Stations 309 - 379 The upper

  12. Tri-trophic Analyses of Rice, the Sugarcane Borer, and Putative Biological Control Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lv, Jiale

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . flavipes. Alam (1980) reported the introduction of C. flavipes and Lixophaga diatraeae (Townsend) (Diptera: Tachinidae), two larval parasitoids, succesfully reduced sugarcane borer injury to sub-economic levels in Barbados. The succesful control...

  13. Biology of Xanthopimpla stemmator (Thunberg) (Hymenoptera:Ichneumonidae), a pupil parasite of stalkborers (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hailemichael, Yared

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parasite of Chilo partellus, to control the sugarcane borer, D. saccharalis in Barbados (Alam et al. 1971). In conclusion the reunion of many parasites and predators from the native habitat of the introduced pest have proved successful and will continue...

  14. Zoogeography and systematics of the shallow water echinodermata of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomory, Christopher Mark

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Honduras Nicarag Cos Oo Jamaica Haiti Guadeloupe Oa Dominica ~Martinique tySt Lucia +Barbados @&~St- Vincent Gpr nada Tobago rinidad Belize Puerto Rico Curacao Aru 1 Bonaire a ~ ia a Rica Venezuela Panama Anguilla St. Martin...

  15. Mass Spectrometric 14C and U-Th Measurements in Coral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burr, G S; Edwards, R L; Donahue, D J; Druffel, Ellen R M; Taylor, F W

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C AND U-Th MEASUREMENTS IN CORAL G. S. BURR', R. L.Th and “C measurements in coral. Samples with U-Th dates inU-Th ages from Barbados corals. Nature 345: 405-410. Bard,

  16. Geometry and continuity of fine-grained reservoir sandstones deformed within an accretionary prism - Basal Unit, West Woodbourne 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackman, Ingrid Maria

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Basal Unit of West Woodbourne Field in Barbados is a 250 m thick succession of finely-interbedded sandstones and mudstones deposited by Paleogene, fine-grained, deep-water systems off the northern South American margin ...

  17. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

  18. UNECE Timber Committee Market Discussions 8th October 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ukraine Yugoslavia Croatia Hungary Million m3 Source: JP database, UNECE/FAO #12;12 0 2 4 6 8 1990 1992.8 1 1.2 Estonia Latvia Czech Lithuania Croatia Hungary Belarus Poland Slovakia Yugoslavia Slovenia

  19. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a major airbase in Kant Kyrgyzstan that is located less thanBelarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and TajikistanStar On Rise Again In Kyrgyzstan”, Radio Free Europe-Radio

  20. A r c t i c Barents Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    Ri Vychegda R U S S I AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK GERMANY EST. KAZ. JAPAN (DENMARK) Greenland (NORWAY) Svalbard (NORWAY) (NORWAY) CHINA UNITED

  1. Chromosomal Rainbows detect Oncogenic Rearrangements of Signaling Molecules in Thyroid Tumors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Benjamin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ELE1 genes, in a post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid cancer.in a case of post-Chernobyl childhood thyroid cancer. Foliafrom Belarus after the Chernobyl reactor accident. Oncogene

  2. New Hanyang 2020 Blueprint Brand Power Up Human Power Up Asset Power Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jong-Il

    (1) Indonesia(3) Australia(7) Poland(10) Belarus(3) Brazil(2) Finland(2) Lithuania(1) Serbia(1,177 2012 #12; Patents 544 patent applications, 284 registered patents in 2011 Technology transfer record

  3. Presentation 3.3: The EE21 project Gianluca Sambucini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1422,600370,000Vitebsk Grosvet 7701,000770,000Borovljany Control Systems for district Heating Project Emission Reduction of Financed Projects (cont.) Belarus 1. Borovljany Control Systems for District Heating

  4. Fruit and vegetable consumption in the former Soviet Union: the role of individual and community-level factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Rocco, Lorenzo; Suhrcke, Marc; Roberts, Bayard; McKee, Martin

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . Setting: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. Subjects: Adult survey respondents (n 17 998) aged 18–95 years. Results: Being male, increasing age, lack of education and lack of financial resources were... behaviours and demographic, socio-economic and environ- mental characteristics. Surveys were nationally representa- tive and conducted among adult respondents (aged ?18 years) in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakh- stan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia...

  5. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  6. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  7. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, supplement au n012, Tome 48, dkcembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    long and 13mn diameter. The crystals were deformed by compression along the axis o f the cylinder i n IN ALUMINIUM SINGLE CRYSTALS AT MHz FREQUENCIES M. ZEIN Physics Department, University of Bahrain, College (100>, orientation, were deformed by compression, and the temperature dependence o f

  8. SPRING 201134 GRAHAM E. FULLER I AHMED ZEWAIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    in the nation-states of Tunisia and Egypt to brutal repression in the tribal societies of Libya, Syria, Bahrain for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya and others in the making. In these cases, unfortunately, tribal in the Middle East and the heart of the Arab world. Making sure Egypt succeeds is essential for the stability

  9. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  10. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 21 au 27 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    ( By JOHN CLOUD) : How alternative treatments can ease pain. WORLD The War Between The Libyas (Fby Abigail issue (by Natalie Bennett) : Libya, Japan, Bahrain and much more. International news US military taps The challenge of Libya : Where will it end? : The Americans, the Europeans and the Arabs must all hold

  11. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 171A SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 171A SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS BARBADOS ACCRETIONARY PRISM LOGGING WHILE DRILLING (LWD) Dr. J. Casey Moore Co-Chief Scientist, Leg 171A University of California, Santa Cruz Earth Drilling Program Texas A&M University Research Park 1000 Discovery Drive College Station, Texas 77845

  12. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 107 (1991) 129-137 129 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner, Jay L.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .V., Amsterdam [MK] Uranium-series evidence on diagenesis and hydrology in Pleistocene carbonates of Barbados 75083-0688, USA Received December 12, 1990; revision accepted July 31, 1991 ABSTRACT Uranium for modern seawater. These high 3234U values are common to Pleistocene carbonates from many localities

  13. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaithersburg, MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Bolivia Colombia Ecuador Peru Venezuela 8. US and improving national standards information distribution. Argentina Brazil Bolivia Chile Costa Rica Ecuador El Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  14. R u t c o r R e p o r t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Office of Naval Research (Grant N0001492F1375), NSF (Grant DMS­9806389), INTAS and the Belarus Government classes J(ff; !), where J 2 fF; Ig and ff; ! 2 fc; 1g in the following way: 1) if J = F (respectively, J

  15. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  16. P-113 / X. Li P-113: Ferroelectric LC Aligned on SiO2 Thin Films Using the Ion Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong A. Khokhlov and E. Khokhlov Izovac Ltd, Belarus Abstract The uniform" (before electrical treatment) and "quazi- bookshelf" (after electrical treatment) were studied of investigation of the alignment of FLC materials on the SiO2 films produced by the ion-beam deposition for LC

  17. Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new nuclear disaster about to happen?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new June 2014 Accepted 20 August 2014 Available online xxxx Keywords: Chernobyl accident Forest fires Redistribution Radionuclides Risks Radioactive contamination in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia after the Chernobyl

  18. Ris-R-742(EN) EU-CIS Joint Study Project 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific Centre for Radiation Medicine Kiev, Ukraine Igor V. Rolevich Chernobyl State Committee Minsk conditions after the Chernobyl accident in the CIS republics Ukraine, Belarus and Russia have been evaluated site 24 3.3 Risks in the Bryansk region from the Chernobyl accident 26 3.4 Comparison of BARD

  19. Batching Work and Rework Processes with Limited Deterioration of Reworkables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdeburg, Universität

    of Sciences of Belarus, E-mail: kovalyovmy@bsu.by Abstract We study the problem of planning the production [8] note that such an integration leads to challenging planning and control problems. Quite often of new and recovering defective items of the same product manufactured on the same facility. Items

  20. Geometry and continuity of fine-grained reservoir sandstones deformed within an accretionary prism - Basal Unit, West Woodbourne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackman, Ingrid Maria

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    be difficult to distinguish reservoir from non-reservoir intervals in successions of thinly interbedded sandstones and shales using conventional well logs; (3) There is limited outcrop analogue data that could be used to estimate the geometry and lateral... the depositional geometry and continuity of deep-water reservoir sandstones within the Basal Unit of the Scotland Formation in Woodbourne Trough, beneath Barbados. Observations in the study area were combined with observations of local outcrops of the Scotland...

  1. Supplement 5, Authors: A To Q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dorothy B.; Doss, Mildred A.; Humphrey, Judith M.

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Bull. Development and Welfare West Indies.? Bulletin. Development and Welfare in the West Indies. Bridgetown, Barbados. Bull. Epizoot. Dis. Africa.?Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa. Interafrican Bureau of Epizootic Diseases. Commission... Forest Products Industry Publication. Duluth. Leaflet, Exten. Serv., Montana State Coll.? Leaflet, Extension Service, Montana State College. Bozeman. Leaflet West. Australia Dept. Agrie.?Leaflet. Western Australia Department of Agricul- ture. Perth...

  2. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  3. Fi in Gulf Pidgin Arabic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potsdam, Eric; Alanazi, Mohammad

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    albaqala GA fii(h) pen. M.PL in the.grocery ‘There are pens in the grocery.’ We propose that fi is a copula verb in GPA and has a function similar to be in English, building on proposals in Smart 1990, Næss 2008, and Bakir 2010...: Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and nearby areas (Lewis, Simons, Fennig 2013). Smart 1990, Næss 2008, and Bakir 2010 further discuss the sociolinguistic situation of GPA. The syntax of GPA has been little studied in the linguistic...

  4. Initiatives for proliferation prevention program : goals, projects, and opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemberger, P. H. (Philip H.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP) Program is to identify and create commercial opportunities for former weapons scientists currently or formerly involved with weapons of mass destruction in the Former Soviet Union (FSU). IPP was first authorized in Fiscal Year 1994 under Section 575 of Public Law 103-87. IPP currently sponsors 164 projects in Russian at 64 institutes; 16 projects in the Ukraine at 14 institutes; 14 projects in Kazakhstan at 10 institutes; and one project in Belarus. To date, the IPP program has engaged over 10,000 experts in the areas of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and missile development at more than 170 institutes in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus.

  5. A review of "The Cossack Age, 1654-1657" by Mykhailo Hrushevsky, translated by Marta Daria Olynyk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Carol B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    attacked from west and south. Khmelnytsky, over this period of less than three years, attempted #23; rst to consolidate an alternative alliance with Sweden, then to undermine negotiations between Muscovy and the Polish-Lithuanian Common- wealth, and #23...; nally to create new alliances for Ukraine?with Sweden again, with Transylvania, and negotiations with the Ottoman Porte. At the same time, he tried to expand the Ukraine he controlled to include western Ukraine and parts of Belarus. #22; ree long...

  6. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  7. Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados: EnergySpain:

  8. Barnstable County, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:

  9. Barre Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:Barre Biomass

  10. Barron's Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:Barre

  11. Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: EnergyBagleyBangladesh:Barbados:BarreBarrow

  12. Director`s series on proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.C.; Price, M.E. [eds.

    1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Director`s Series on Proliferation is an occasional publication of essays on the topics of nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile proliferation. The seven papers presented in this issue cover the following topics: Should the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) be amended?; NPT extension - Legal and procedural issues; An Indonesian view of NPT review conference issues; The treaty of Tlatelolco and the NPT - Tools for peace and development; Perspectives on cut-off, weapons dismantlement, and security assurances; Belarus and NPT challenges; A perspective on the chemical weapons convention - Lessons learned from the preparatory commission.

  13. United States-assisted studies on dose reconstruction in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anspaugh, L.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bouville, A. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the Chernobyl accident, the US and the USSR entered into an agreement to work on the safety of civilian nuclear reactors; one aspect of that work was to study the environmental transport and health effects of radionuclides released by the accident. After the break-up of the USSR separate agreements were established between the US and Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia to continue work on dose reconstruction and epidemiologic studies of health effects from exposure to external radiation and the incorporation of radionuclides. Studies in Belarus and Ukraine related to the Chernobyl accident now emphasize epidemiologic: studies of childhood-thyroid cancer and leukemia, and eye-lens-cataract formation in liquidators. Supporting studies on dose reconstruction emphasize a variety of ecological, physical, and biological techniques. Studies being conducted in Russia currently emphasize health effects in the workers and the population around the Mayak Industrial Association. As this production complex is an analogue of the US Hanford Works, advantage is being taken of the US experience in conducting a similar, recently completed dose-reconstruction study. In all cases the primary work on dose reconstruction is being performed by scientists from the former Soviet Union. US assistance is in the form of expert consultation and participation, exchange visits, provision of supplies and equipment, and other forms of local assistance.

  14. YALINA facility a sub-critical Accelerator- Driven System (ADS) for nuclear energy research facility description and an overview of the research program (1997-2008).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gohar, Y.; Smith, D. L.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The YALINA facility is a zero-power, sub-critical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was conceived, constructed, and put into operation at the Radiation Physics and Chemistry Problems Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus located in Minsk-Sosny, Belarus. This facility was conceived for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven sub-critical systems, and to serve as a neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinide nuclei. This report provides a detailed description of this facility and documents the progress of research carried out there during a period of approximately a decade since the facility was conceived and built until the end of 2008. During its history of development and operation to date (1997-2008), the YALINA facility has hosted several foreign groups that worked with the resident staff as collaborators. The participation of Argonne National Laboratory in the YALINA research programs commenced in 2005. For obvious reasons, special emphasis is placed in this report on the work at YALINA facility that has involved Argonne's participation. Attention is given here to the experimental program at YALINA facility as well as to analytical investigations aimed at validating codes and computational procedures and at providing a better understanding of the physics and operational behavior of the YALINA facility in particular, and ADS systems in general, during the period 1997-2008.

  15. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  16. TEWS'98. Final report [5th annual International Science Camp: The Earth We Share 1998, Golden, CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mae C. Jemison

    1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The fifth annual International Science Camp The Earth We Share 1998 (TEWS'98) was held at the Colorado School of Mines located in Goldez Colorado. TEWS98 was a four week residential program which focused on providing a meaningful science education experience while developing critical thinking skills. Thirty three students, three teachers, four college interns and the camp administrator lived and worked together while developing solutions to several worldwide problems. These problems are called the Discovery Topics and they are: (1) design the worlds perfect house; (2) how many people can the world hold; and (3) predict the hot stocks for the year 2030. The participants, both students and staff came from different countries all over the world The following countries were represented: The United Kingdom, Sierra Leone (West Africa), Ireland, USA Nigeria, West Indies and Barbados.

  17. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  18. Weapons dismantlement issues in independent Ukraine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zack, N.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kirk, E.J. [American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Association for the Advancement of Science sponsored a seminar during September 1993, in Kiev, Ukraine, entitled ``Toward a Nuclear Free Future -- Barriers and Problems.`` It brought together Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Americans to discuss the legal, political, safeguards and security, economic, and technical dimensions of nuclear weapons dismantlement and destruction. US representatives initiated discussions on legal and treaty requirements and constraints, safeguards and security issues surrounding dismantlement, storage and disposition of nuclear materials, warhead transportation, and economic considerations. Ukrainians gave presentations on arguments for and against the Ukraine keeping nuclear weapons, Ukrainian Parliament non-approval of START I, alternative strategies for dismantling silos and launchers, and economic and security implications of nuclear weapons removal from the Ukraine. Participants from Belarus discussed proliferation and control regime issues, This paper will highlight and detail the issues, concerns, and possible impacts of the Ukraine`s dismantlement of its nuclear weapons.

  19. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  20. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  1. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  2. A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulstrom, R.L.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

  3. Pulse superimposition calculational methodology for estimating the subcritcality level of nuclear fuel assemblies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y.; Rabiti, C.; Aliberti, G.; Kondev, F.; Smith, D.; Zhong, Z.; Kiyavitskaya, H.; Bournos, V; Fokov, Y.; Routkovskaya, C.; Serafimovich, I. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (INL); (Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research-Sosny)

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most reliable experimental methods for measuring the subcriticality level of a nuclear fuel assembly is the Sjoestrand method applied to the reaction rate generated from a pulsed neutron source. This study developed a new analytical methodology simulating the Sjoestrand method, which allows comparing the experimental and analytical reaction rates and the obtained subcriticality levels. In this methodology, the reaction rate is calculated due to a single neutron pulse using MCNP/MCNPX computer code or any other neutron transport code that explicitly simulates the delayed fission neutrons. The calculation simulates a single neutron pulse over a long time period until the delayed neutron contribution to the reaction rate is vanished. The obtained reaction rate is then superimposed to itself, with respect to the time, to simulate the repeated pulse operation until the asymptotic level of the reaction rate, set by the delayed neutrons, is achieved. The superimposition of the pulse to itself was calculated by a simple C computer program. A parallel version of the C program is used due to the large amount of data being processed, e.g. by the Message Passing Interface (MPI). The analytical results of this new calculation methodology have shown an excellent agreement with the experimental data available from the YALINA-Booster facility of Belarus. This methodology can be used to calculate Bell and Glasstone spatial correction factor.

  4. Proceedings of the Chornobyl phytoremediation and biomass energy conversion workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Tokarevsky, V. [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)] [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many concepts, systems, technical approaches, technologies, ideas, agreements, and disagreements were vigorously discussed during the course of the 2-day workshop. The workshop was successful in generating intensive discussions on the merits of the proposed concept that includes removal of radionuclides by plants and trees (phytoremediation) to clean up soil in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ), use of the resultant biomass (plants and trees) to generate electrical power, and incorporation of ash in concrete casks to be used as storage containers in a licensed repository for low-level waste. Twelve years after the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 accident, which occurred on April 26, 1986, the primary 4radioactive contamination of concern is from radioactive cesium ({sup 137}Cs) and strontium ({sup 90}Sr). The {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr were widely distributed throughout the CEZ. The attendees from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Denmark and the US provided information, discussed and debated the following issues considerably: distribution and characteristics of radionuclides in CEZ; efficacy of using trees and plants to extract radioactive cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) from contaminated soil; selection of energy conversion systems and technologies; necessary infrastructure for biomass harvesting, handling, transportation, and energy conversion; radioactive ash and emission management; occupational health and safety concerns for the personnel involved in this work; and economics. The attendees concluded that the overall concept has technical and possibly economic merits. However, many issues (technical, economic, risk) remain to be resolved before a viable commercial-scale implementation could take place.

  5. Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA- booster subcritical assembly Part II : pulsed neutron source.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, M. Y. A.; Rabiti, C.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most reliable experimental methods for measuring the kinetic parameters of a subcritical assembly is the Sjoestrand method applied to the reaction rate generated from a pulsed neutron source. This study developed a new analytical methodology for characterizing the kinetic parameters of a subcritical assembly using the Sjoestrand method, which allows comparing the analytical and experimental time dependent reaction rates and the reactivity measurements. In this methodology, the reaction rate, detector response, is calculated due to a single neutron pulse using MCNP/MCNPX computer code or any other neutron transport code that explicitly simulates the fission delayed neutrons. The calculation simulates a single neutron pulse over a long time period until the delayed neutron contribution to the reaction is vanished. The obtained reaction rate is superimposed to itself, with respect to the time, to simulate the repeated pulse operation until the asymptotic level of the reaction rate, set by the delayed neutrons, is achieved. The superimposition of the pulse to itself was calculated by a simple C computer program. A parallel version of the C program is used due to the large amount of data being processed, e.g. by the Message Passing Interface (MPI). The new calculation methodology has shown an excellent agreement with the experimental results available from the YALINA-Booster facility of Belarus. The facility has been driven by a Deuterium-Deuterium or Deuterium-Tritium pulsed neutron source and the (n,p) reaction rate has been experimentally measured by a {sup 3}He detector. The MCNP calculation has utilized the weight window and delayed neutron biasing variance reduction techniques since the detector volume is small compared to the assembly volume. Finally, this methodology was used to calculate the IAEA benchmark of the YALINA-Booster experiment.

  6. Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA booster subcritical assembly, Part III : low enriched uranium conversion analyses.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division) [Nuclear Engineering Division

    2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the performance of the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly, located in Belarus, during operation with high (90%), medium (36%), and low (21%) enriched uranium fuels in the assembly's fast zone. The YALINA Booster is a zero-power, subcritical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was constructed for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven subcritical systems, and to serve as a fast neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinides. The first part of this study analyzes the assembly's performance with several fuel types. The MCNPX and MONK Monte Carlo codes were used to determine effective and source neutron multiplication factors, effective delayed neutron fraction, prompt neutron lifetime, neutron flux profiles and spectra, and neutron reaction rates produced from the use of three neutron sources: californium, deuterium-deuterium, and deuterium-tritium. In the latter two cases, the external neutron source operates in pulsed mode. The results discussed in the first part of this report show that the use of low enriched fuel in the fast zone of the assembly diminishes neutron multiplication. Therefore, the discussion in the second part of the report focuses on finding alternative fuel loading configurations that enhance neutron multiplication while using low enriched uranium fuel. It was found that arranging the interface absorber between the fast and the thermal zones in a circular rather than a square array is an effective method of operating the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly without downgrading neutron multiplication relative to the original value obtained with the use of the high enriched uranium fuels in the fast zone.

  7. YALINA-booster subcritical assembly pulsed-neutron experiments : data processing and spatial corrections.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Y.; Gohar, Y.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The YALINA-Booster experiments and analyses are part of the collaboration between Argonne National Laboratory of USA and the Joint Institute for Power & Nuclear Research - SOSNY of Belarus for studying the physics of accelerator driven systems for nuclear energy applications using low enriched uranium. The YALINA-Booster subcritical assembly is utilized for studying the kinetics of accelerator driven systems with its highly intensive D-T or D-D pulsed neutron source. In particular, the pulsed neutron methods are used to determine the reactivity of the subcritical system. This report examines the pulsed-neutron experiments performed in the YALINA-Booster facility with different configurations for the subcritical assembly. The 1141 configuration with 90% U-235 fuel and the 1185 configuration with 36% or 21% U-235 fuel are examined. The Sjoestrand area-ratio method is utilized to determine the reactivities of the different configurations. The linear regression method is applied to obtain the prompt neutron decay constants from the pulsed-neutron experimental data. The reactivity values obtained from the experimental data are shown to be dependent on the detector locations inside the subcritical assembly and the types of detector used for the measurements. In this report, Bell's spatial correction factors are calculated based on a Monte Carlo model to remove the detector dependences. The large differences between the reactivity values given by the detectors in the fast neutron zone of the YALINA-Booster are reduced after applying the spatial corrections. In addition, the estimated reactivity values after the spatial corrections are much less spatially dependent.

  8. EDITORIAL HPJ SPECIAL ISSUE INTRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farfan, E.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioecology is the study of the fate and transport and potential effects of radionuclides and associated contaminants in the environment. In short, it is the science that describes the fundamental connection between environmental health and human health risks. As such, radioecology can and has provided the credible, consistent and defensible basis for the successful and cost-effective environmental cleanup and closure of nuclear production and waste sites. In addition, radioecology also provides the technical basis for making timely and reliable decisions on cleanup in the aftermath of nuclear incidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima. The 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident resulted in catastrophic health, social, and economic consequences in many countries, predominantly, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. The extent of radioactive contamination, levels and forms of contamination, and diversity of the ecosystems affected by the accident did not have any precedent and provided unique opportunities for environmental scientists around the world. Following the natural course of their development, populations of species and their communities found themselves in conditions of chronic radiation exposure that exceeded the natural background by factors of hundreds and thousands. Anything similar would have been extremely difficult if not impossible to recreate in a scientific laboratory. Consequently, since the first few years after the accident, many teams of scientists have visited the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ). The knowledge gained by studying the consequences of this accident has tremendous importance. The concept of an international research and technical center to address the problems involving nuclear and radiological accidents became a reality with the establishment of the International Chernobyl Center (ICC). In May 1995, the US and Ukraine signed a Protocol of Intent on establishment of the ICC, and the government of Ukraine appealed to the international scientific community to support ICC and join its activities (Chernobyl Center 2006). In December 1995, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on the ChNPP closure was signed by the government of Ukraine, all of the G7 governments, and the European Commission. The ICC foundation was considered critical to ensure the safe decommissioning of the ChNPP reactor units and improvement of the safety of the Chernobyl Containment Shelter. On the 10th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1996), Mr. Viktor Yushchenko, the President of Ukraine, issued a decree to establish the Chernobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste and Radioecology (Chernobyl Center). On the same day, a MOU involving the US participation in Chernobyl Center activities was signed by the US and Ukraine (Chernobyl Center 2006). In July 1998, the US and Ukraine signed an agreement to establish the International Radioecology Laboratory (IRL) as part of the Chernobyl Center. The creation of IRL was a logical continuation of previous programs to conduct scientific research in radioecology and provide Ukraine and the rest of the world with the necessary infrastructure and scientific basis to conduct research in radioecology, radiobiology, dosimetry, and environmental protection in the ChEZ (Chernobyl Center 2006). A recent collaborative effort with IRL has been implemented through a project titled 'Long-term impacts from radiation/contamination within the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone' (Farfan et al. 2008; Gerdes et al. 2009; Marra et al. 2010). This collaboration had the following objectives: (1) Assess the long-term impacts to the environment from radiation exposure within the ChEZ; (2) Provide information on remediation guidelines and ecological risk assessment within radioactively contaminated territories based on the results of long-term field monitoring, analytical measurements, and numerical modeling of soils and groundwater radioactive contamination; and (3) Recommend the development and testing of effective cleanup technologies to reduce environmental and health risks. Based o

  9. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

  10. Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t