National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for bags anti-lock brakes

  1. Non-invasive Spoofing Attacks For Anti-lock Braking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    the proposed ABS spoofer module using industrial ABS sensors and wheel speed decoders, concluding by outlining the implementation and lifetime considerations of an ABS spoofer with real hardware. Keywords: Automotive embedded

  2. Gravity brake

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lujan, Richard E. (Santa Fe, NM)

    2001-01-01

    A mechanical gravity brake that prevents hoisted loads within a shaft from free-falling when a loss of hoisting force occurs. A loss of hoist lifting force may occur in a number of situations, for example if a hoist cable were to break, the brakes were to fail on a winch, or the hoist mechanism itself were to fail. Under normal hoisting conditions, the gravity brake of the invention is subject to an upward lifting force from the hoist and a downward pulling force from a suspended load. If the lifting force should suddenly cease, the loss of differential forces on the gravity brake in free-fall is translated to extend a set of brakes against the walls of the shaft to stop the free fall descent of the gravity brake and attached load.

  3. Braking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norgren, D.U.

    1982-09-23

    A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling means causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

  4. Hybrid: Braking

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement VouchersBraking

  5. When Bagging Groceries, Don't Bag A Foodborne Illness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    spilling inside the reusable bag. Once home, refrigerate or freeze the meat right away and throw away, and let them hang until they are completely dry. 2. Assign specific bags for meat, produce. For example, use a green bag for produce or a bag that has a special design for meat or other readytoeat

  6. Full Hybrid: Braking

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement VouchersBraking button highlighted Stopped

  7. Air bag restraint device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marts, D.J.; Richardson, J.G.

    1995-10-17

    A rear-seat air bag restraint device is disclosed that prevents an individual, or individuals, from continuing violent actions while being transported in a patrol vehicle`s rear seat without requiring immediate physical contact by the law enforcement officer. The air bag is activated by a control switch in the front seat and inflates to independently restrict the amount of physical activity occurring in the rear seat of the vehicle while allowing the officer to safely stop the vehicle. The air bag can also provide the officer additional time to get backup personnel to aid him if the situation warrants it. The bag is inflated and maintains a constant pressure by an air pump. 8 figs.

  8. Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Venkataperumal, Rama R. (Troy, MI); Mericle, Gerald E. (Mount Clemens, MI)

    1981-06-02

    A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle, with the braking system being responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.

  9. Gravitating lepton bag model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burinskii, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    As is known, the gravitational and electromagnetic (EM) field of the Dirac electron is described by an over-extremal Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole (BH) solution which has the naked singular ring and two-sheeted topology. This space is regulated by the formation of a regular source based on the Higgs mechanism of broken symmetry. This source shares much in common with the known MIT- and SLAC-bag models, but has the important advantage, of being in accordance with gravitational and electromagnetic field of the external KN solution. The KN bag model is flexible. At rotations, it takes the shape of a thin disk, and similar to other bag models, under deformations it creates a string-like structure which is positioned along the sharp border of the disk.

  10. Gravitating lepton bag model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Burinskii

    2015-04-30

    As is known, the gravitational and electromagnetic (EM) field of the Dirac electron is described by an over-extremal Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole (BH) solution which has the naked singular ring and two-sheeted topology. This space is regulated by the formation of a regular source based on the Higgs mechanism of broken symmetry. This source shares much in common with the known MIT- and SLAC-bag models, but has the important advantage, of being in accordance with gravitational and electromagnetic field of the external KN solution. The KN bag model is flexible. At rotations, it takes the shape of a thin disk, and similar to other bag models, under deformations it creates a string-like structure which is positioned along the sharp border of the disk.

  11. Regenerative braking device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

    1982-01-12

    Disclosed are several embodiments of a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a plurality of rubber rollers (24, 26) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (14) connectable to the vehicle drivetrain and an output shaft (16) which is drivingly connected to the input shaft by a variable ratio transmission (20). When the transmission ratio is such that the input shaft rotates faster than the output shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy, thereby slowing the vehicle. When the transmission ratio is such that the output shaft rotates faster than the input shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally relaxed to deliver accumulated energy, thereby accelerating or driving the vehicle.

  12. Variable ratio regenerative braking device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

    1981-12-15

    Disclosed is a regenerative braking device (10) for an automotive vehicle. The device includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (36) and an output shaft (42), clutches (38, 46) and brakes (40, 48) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. The rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the output shaft is applied, and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the input shaft is applied. The transmission ratio is varied to control the rate of energy accumulation and delivery for a given rotational speed of the vehicle drivetrain.

  13. Brake System Modeling, Control And Integrated Brake/throttle Switching Phase I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedrick, Karl; Et. al.,

    1997-01-01

    and vacuum chambers, the intake manifold, the secondary brake line at the master cylinder and the front brake on the same hydraulic

  14. Material bagging device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wach, Charles G. (Oak Lawn, IL); Nelson, Robert E. (Lombard, IL); Brak, Stephen B. (Tinley Park, IL)

    1984-01-01

    A bagging device for transferring material from one chamber through an opening in a wall to a second chamber includes a cylindrical housing communicating with the opening and defining a passage between the chambers. A cylindrical cartridge is slidably received within the housing. The cartridge has a substantially rigid cylindrical sleeve to which is affixed a pliable tube. The pliable tube is positioned concentrically about the sleeve and has a pleated portion capable of unfolding from the sleeve and a closed end extending over a terminal end of the sleeve. Sealing means are interposed in sealed relationship between the cartridge and the housing. Material from one chamber is inserted into the cartridge secured in the housing and received in the closed end of the tube which unfolds into the other chamber enclosing the material therein. The tube may then be sealed behind the material and then severed to form a bag-like enclosure defined by the tube's closed terminal end and the new seal. The new seal then forms a terminal end for the unsevered portion of the pliable tube into which additional material may be placed and the bagging process repeated.

  15. Brake Defect Causation and Abatement Study (BDCAS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cost with proper re- pairs being made the first time and reduction in out-of-service vehicles #12; corrective actions and validate true abatement of initial out-of- service causation the FMCSA began the BDCAS brake efficiency data as new brakes are burnished; and where possible, collect brake efficiency data

  16. Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology to deceleration in g's ­ Passing score: BE43.5 · Enforcement tool for only 3 years. · Based solely on brake Brake Research · CMVRTC research built on these enforcement tools ­ Correlation Study ­ Level-1 / PBBT

  17. Brake blending strategy for a hybrid vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI)

    2000-12-05

    A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including a transmission for driving a pair of wheels of a vehicle and a heat engine and an electric motor/generator coupled to the transmission. A friction brake system is provided for applying a braking torque to said vehicle. A controller unit generates control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system for controllably braking the vehicle in response to a drivers brake command. The controller unit determines and amount of regenerative torque available and compares this value to a determined amount of brake torque requested for determining the control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system.

  18. Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor

  19. Multidisciplinary design optimization of an automotive magnetorheological brake design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Edward

    Multidisciplinary design optimization of an automotive magnetorheological brake design Edward J to the elec- tromagnet. Key issues involved in the initial design of the automotive MR brake are presented: Magnetorheological fluid; Automotive brake; Finite element analysis; Computational fluid dynamics; Multidisciplinary

  20. A diagnostic system for air brakes in commercial vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar Ram

    2007-09-17

    ............. 14 4 The S-cam foundation brake ....................... 15 5 A schematic of the drum brake ..................... 16 6 A schematic of the experimental setup ................. 24 7 A sectional view of the treadle valve .................. 26 8 A layout... the disc brake and the drum brake. In this dissertation, the main focus will be restricted to air brake systems that use S-cam drum foundation brakes. A. Background and motivation The safety of vehicles operating on the road depends amongst other things...

  1. Svendborg Brakes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo New Energy EquipmentSvendborg Brakes Jump to:

  2. TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance This technology allows for CMV operators to have knowledge of their steer, drive, and tandem axle group weights setup is required. Current Safety/Enforcement Technologies EOBR (electronic on-board recorder) On

  3. Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

  4. An engine air-brake integration study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulchandani, Hiten

    2011-01-01

    The feasibility of operating an engine air-brake (EAB) integrated with a pylon duct bifurcation in a realistic aircraft engine environment has been analyzed. The EAB uses variable exit guide vanes downstream of a high ...

  5. Method and apparatus for wind turbine braking

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barbu, Corneliu (Laguna Hills, CA); Teichmann, Ralph (Nishkayuna, NY); Avagliano, Aaron (Houston, TX); Kammer, Leonardo Cesar (Niskayuna, NY); Pierce, Kirk Gee (Simpsonville, SC); Pesetsky, David Samuel (Greenville, SC); Gauchel, Peter (Muenster, DE)

    2009-02-10

    A method for braking a wind turbine including at least one rotor blade coupled to a rotor. The method includes selectively controlling an angle of pitch of the at least one rotor blade with respect to a wind direction based on a design parameter of a component of the wind turbine to facilitate reducing a force induced into the wind turbine component as a result of braking.

  6. Contactless magnetic brake for automotive applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gay, Sebastien Emmanuel

    2009-05-15

    MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY... May 2005 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  7. Improved material-bagging device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wach, C.G.; Nelson, R.E.; Brak, S.B.

    1982-01-19

    A bagging device for transferring material; specifically contaminated material, from one chamber through an opening in a wall to a second chamber includes a cylindrical housing communicating with the opening and defining a passage between the chambers. A cylindrical cartridge is slidably received within the housing. The cartridge has a substantially rigid cylindrical sleeve to which is affixed a pliable tube. The pliable tube is positioned concentrically about the sleeve and has a pleated portion capable of unfolding from the sleeve and a closed end extending over a terminal end of the sleeve. Sealing means are interposed in sealed relationship between the cartridge and the housing. Material from one chamber is inserted into the cartridge secured in the housing and received in the closed end of the tube which unfolds into the other chamber enclosing the material therein. The tube may then be sealed behind the material and then severed to form a bag-like enclosure defined by the tube's closed terminal end and the new seal. The new seal then forms a terminal end for the unsevered portion of the pliable tube into which additional material may be placed and the bagging process repeated.

  8. CMV Brake Wear and Performance Test Little is known about the brake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inspections were due to brake defects. Additionally, brake maintenance and repair present a significant cost as part of an 18-month Field Operational Test. Parameters Being Measured The PBBT machine uses in Data, Statistical Analysis Geo-Spatial Information Tools Defense Transportation Energy Policy Analysis

  9. Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)

    1990-01-01

    A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.

  10. Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, R.I.

    1990-10-16

    A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more road wheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the road wheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the road wheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded. 8 figs.

  11. Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cikanek, S.R.

    1995-09-12

    An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 10 figs.

  12. Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

    1995-01-01

    An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

  13. Allison Lab Protocol: Resin Bags, 1/2008, Steve Allison Making, deploying, and extracting resin bags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German, Donovan P.

    bags Anion Exchange Resin: Amberlite reg IRA 400(Cl) VWR Catalog AA17246-36 Cation Exchange Resin: Amberlite reg IR 120 Plus VWR Catalog AA42833-A1 Mixed Bed Resin: Dowex Marathon MR-3 Sigma-Aldrich Catalog minutes. Remove bags and rinse in DI water. · Prepare a large volume of 2 M NaCl and soak bags until the p

  14. Design Restrictions Ground clearance Brake components cannot contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provancher, William

    of Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah Test Results Heat Test ­ apply pressure to the rotating brake. The truck and brake must be strong but not heavy. · Temperature ­ The brake will generate a lot of heat. The epoxy, wheels and bearings must all be able to withstand high heat. · Testing of Realistic Conditions

  15. Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution Share Description Plastic bags are the scourge of roadsides, parking lots and landfills. But chemistry comes to the rescue At...

  16. Engine brake control in automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayasaki, K.; Sugano, K.

    1988-09-13

    This patent describes an engine braking control for a transmission for an automotive vehicle having an engine, the transmission including an input member drivingly coupled to the engine and an output member subject to load from driving wheels of the automotive vehicle, the transmission also including a first rotary member, a second rotary member, a hydraulically operated clutch selectively establishing a drive connection between the first rotary member and the second rotary member, and a one-way clutch arranged in parallel to the hydraulically operated clutch such that when the hydraulically operated clutch is released, the one-way clutch transmits forward torque from the first rotary member to the second rotary member, but interrupts transmission of revers torque to the first rotary member from the second rotary member, the engine braking control comprising: means for providing an engine braking command fluid pressure signal when demanded by a vehicle operator; a valve means for normally discharging hydraulic fluid from the hydraulically operated clutch to deactivate the hydraulically operated clutch, the valve means being fluidly connected to the hydraulically operated clutch, the engine braking command fluid pressure signal providing means and a drain port. The valve means including a valve spool having a first position where the hydraulically operated clutch is allowed to communicate with the drain port to permit discharge of hydraulic fluid therefrom and thus the hydraulically operated clutch is caused to be deactivated and a second position where the hydraulically operated clutch is disconnected from the drain port and allowed to communicate with the engine braking command fluid pressure signal.

  17. Hybrid Braking System for Non-Drive Axles | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Braking System for Non-Drive Axles Hybrid Braking System for Non-Drive Axles A hybrid braking system is designed to conserve diesel fuel (or alternative fuels) by using...

  18. The Effects of Quantum Entropy on the Bag Constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, D E; Miller, David E.; Tawfik, Abdel-Nasser

    2003-01-01

    The effects of quantum entropy on the bag constant are studied at low temperatures and small chemical potentials. The inclusion of the quantum entropy of the quarks in the equation of state provides the hadronic bag with an additional heat which causes a decrease in the effective latent heat inside the bag. We have considered two types of baryonic bags, $\\Delta$ and $\\Omega^-$. In both cases we have found that the bag constant without the quantum entropy almost does not change with the temperature and the quark chemical potential. The contribution from the quantum entropy to the equation of state clearly decreases the value of the bag constant.

  19. Braking system for use with an arbor of a microscope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norgren, Duane U. (Orinda, CA)

    1984-01-01

    A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling device causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

  20. Development of Diagnostic Algorithms for Air Brakes in Trucks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhar, Sandeep

    2011-10-21

    In this dissertation, we focus on development of algorithms for estimating the severity of air leakage and for predicting the out-of-adjustment of pushrod in an air brake system of heavy commercial vehicles. The leakage of air from the brake system...

  1. A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowlin, Christopher Leland

    2007-04-25

    This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...

  2. Free energy of a fourdimensional chiral bag \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Free energy of a four­dimensional chiral bag \\Lambda M. De Francia, H. Falomir, and E. M obtain a closed expression for the chiral correction to the free energy of a bag, due to the presence] to evaluate the one­loop contribution to the free energy of a chiral bag, due to the presence of a hedgehog

  3. Airbus A320 Braking as Predicate-Action Peter B. Ladkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    to interest us and others in the design of the A320 braking system [FI.93a, FI.93b, FI.93c]. This paper]. The Braking System Design of the A320. The braking system design of the A320 is described in the A320 Flight). The brakes and anti-skid system are described in [FCOM, 1.32.30: Landing Gear: Brakes and Anti

  4. A mathematical model for air brake systems in the presence of leaks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaratham, Srivatsan

    2008-10-10

    of leaks. Brake systems in trucks are crucial for ensuring the safety of vehicles and passengers on the roadways. Most trucks in the US are equipped with S-cam drum brake systems and they are sensitive to maintenance. Brake defects such as leaks are a major... and schematic of operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 A typical drum brake assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4 Front and rear brake chambers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5 Automatic slack adjuster construction...

  5. Regenerative braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Ian M

    2005-01-01

    This work develops a method for capturing some of the kinetic energy ordinarily lost during braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers. The system is designed to eliminate: (a) battery changing in popular LED flashers, ...

  6. The effects of colored quark entropy on the bag pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David E

    2004-01-01

    We study the effects of the ground state entropy of colored quarks upon the bag pressure at low temperatures. The vacuum expectation values of the quark and gluon fields are used to express the interactions in QCD ground state in the limit of low temperatures and chemical potentials. Apparently, the inclusion of this entropy in the equation of state provides the hadron constituents with an additional heat which causes a decrease in the effective latent heat inside the hadronic bag and consequently decreases the non-perturbative bag pressure. We have considered two types of baryonic bags, $\\Delta$ and $\\Omega^-$. In both cases we have found that the bag pressure decreases with the temperature. On the other hand, when the colored quark ground state entropy is not considered, the bag pressure as conventionally believed remains constant for finite temperature.

  7. Design considerations for an automotive magnetorheological brake Kerem Karakoc, Edward J. Park *, Afzal Suleman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Edward

    Design considerations for an automotive magnetorheological brake Kerem Karakoc, Edward J. Park *, Afzal Suleman Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, STN CSC February 2008 Available online xxxx Keywords: Mechatronic design Magnetorheological fluid Automotive brake

  8. Modeling the pneumatic relay valve of an s-cam air brake 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilayannur Natarajan, Shankar

    2005-08-29

    Statistics indicate that defects in brake system contribute significantly to fatal crashes involving commercial vehicles. Hence there is a need for developing preventive and active safety measures for assessing the performance of an air brake system...

  9. Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cikanek, S.R.

    1994-10-25

    An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 123 figs.

  10. Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

    1994-01-01

    An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

  11. Braking the Gas in the beta Pictoris Disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fern'andez, R; Wu, Y; Brandeker, Alexis; Fern\\'andez, Rodrigo

    2006-01-01

    (Abridged) The main sequence star beta Pictoris hosts the best studied circumstellar disk to date. Nonetheless, a long-standing puzzle has been around since the detection of metallic gas in the disk: radiation pressure from the star should blow the gas away, yet the observed motion is consistent with Keplerian rotation. In this work we search for braking mechanisms that can resolve this discrepancy. We find that all species affected by radiation force are heavily ionized and dynamically coupled into a single fluid by Coulomb collisions, reducing the radiation force on species feeling the strongest acceleration. For a gas of solar composition, the resulting total radiation force still exceeds gravity, while a gas of enhanced carbon abundance could be self-braking. We also explore two other braking agents: collisions with dust grains and neutral gas. Grains surrounding beta Pic are photoelectrically charged to a positive electrostatic potential. If a significant fraction of the grains are carbonaceous (10% in t...

  12. Regenerative braking device with rotationally mounted energy storage means

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

    1982-03-16

    A regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (30) and an output shaft (32), clutches (50, 56) and brakes (52, 58) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. In a second embodiment the clutches and brakes are dispensed with and the variable ratio transmission is connected directly across the input and output shafts. In both embodiments the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft rotates faster or relative to the output shaft and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft rotates faster or relative to the input shaft.

  13. Pressure Bag Molding: Manufacturing, Mechanical Testing, Non-Destructive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pressure Bag Molding: Manufacturing, Mechanical Testing, Non-Destructive Evaluation, and Analysis Eric Barnholt Larsen Abstract Process limitations in Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) have been identified. The first was "pressure bag molding," a variation of RTM designed to remedy limitations inherent with RTM

  14. Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-04-19

    Plastic bags are the scourge of roadsides, parking lots and landfills. But chemistry comes to the rescue! At Argonne National Laboratory, Vilas Pol has found a way to not only recycle plastic bags--but make them into valuable batteries for cell phones and laptops.

  15. Aalborg Universitet Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zhenyu

    Aalborg Universitet Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine Jepsen, Frank Brake in a Wind Turbine. In Energy Conference and Exhibition (EnergyCon), 2010 IEEE International . (pp from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 07, 2015 #12;Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine

  16. The Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.), native to China, is widely naturalized in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    The Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.), native to China, is widely naturalized in many areas and anatomical aspects of Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata; Pteridaceae) Bhaskar Bondada1, Cong Tu, and Lena Ma-0290, U.S.A.; e-mail: lqma@ifas.ufl.edu). Sur- face structure and anatomical aspects of Chinese brake fern

  17. Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter Juan situation (regenerative braking), the battery voltage goes up, and then the control needs to activate regenerative braking can be avoided #12;with the help of ultracapacitors. Besides, ultracapacitors allow

  18. Emission Factor for Antimony in Brake Abrasion Dusts as One of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    112-8551, Japan, and Akebono Brake Industry, Co., Ltd., 5-4-71 Higashi, Hanyu, Saitama 348-8509, Japan, and shape distributions, automotive brake abrasion dusts were suspected as one of the important sources factor that originates from automotive braking in order to quantitatively evaluate the contribution

  19. Tyre curve estimation in slip-controlled braking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Jonathan I.; Cebon, David

    2015-06-09

    identifying a Kalman filter observer for vehicle handling dynamics. IMECHE Part D – J. of Auto. Eng. 2006; 220: 1063–1072. 27. Yi J et al. Emergency braking control with an observer-based dynamic tire/road friction model and wheel angular velocity... also used by Shim et al.15, and Hong et al.16 Unsal and Kachroo17 compared an EKF with a sliding mode observer to estimate vehicle velocity, using this estimated velocity with a nominal slip-friction curve to determine the braking force. The authors...

  20. PRESSURE BAG MOLDING: MANUFACTURING, MECHANICAL TESTING, NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION, AND ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRESSURE BAG MOLDING: MANUFACTURING, MECHANICAL TESTING, NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION, AND ANALYSIS..........................................................................................................4 Pressure Bag Molding-up ..............................................................................................................13 Resin Transfer Molding

  1. Braking index of isolated pulsars: open questions and ways forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamil, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate, the commonly accepted view is that it arises either through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body, through emission of a relativistic particle wind, or via higher order magnetic multipole or gravitational quadrupole radiation. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar is model dependent and leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The theoretical value for braking index is $n = 1, 3, 5$ for wind, MDR, quadrupole radiation respectively. The accepted view is that pulsar braking is strongly dominated by MDR. Highly precise observations of isolated pulsars yield braking index values in the range $1 < n < 2.8$ which are consistently less than the value pred...

  2. Active Pedestrian Safety by Automatic Braking and Evasive Steering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    1 Active Pedestrian Safety by Automatic Braking and Evasive Steering C. Keller, T. Dang, H. Fritz of crashes. This paper presents a novel active pedestrian safety system, which combines sensing, situation two complementary approaches for added robustness: motion-based object detection and pedestrian

  3. The Role of Bag Surface Tension in Color Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bugaev, K A

    2011-01-01

    We discuss here the novel view at the color confinement which, on the one hand, allows us to find out the surface tension coefficient of quark gluon bags and, under a plausible assumption, to determine the endpoint temperature of the QCD phase diagram, on the other hand. The present model considers the confining color tube as the cylindrical quark gluon bag with non-zero surface tension. A close inspection of the free energies of elongated cylindrical bag and the confining color tube that connects the static quark-antiquark pair allows us to find out the string tension in terms of the surface tension, thermal pressure and the bag radius. Using the derived relation it is possible to estimate the bag surface tension at zero temperature directly from the lattice QCD data and to estimate the (tri)critical endpoint temperature. In the present analysis the topological free energy of the cylindrical bag is accounted for the first time. The requirement of positive entropy density of such bags leads to negative values...

  4. Radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Yu. Kuchiev; V. V. Flambaum

    2011-01-16

    Radiative corrections for several heavy fermions bound together via the Higgs boson exchange are studied. The fermion bags considered include 12, or fewer, fermions occupying the lowest S_{1/2} shell. It is shown that for `moderately heavy' fermions with masses 0.4< m c^2< 1 TeV the radiative corrections are small, 10^{-2}, and have an attractive nature. Therefore they do not put existence of the fermion bag in doubt. This proves that these fermion bags can exist in nature.

  5. Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing: Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lascurain, Mary Beth; Capps, Gary J; Franzese, Oscar

    2013-10-01

    The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. This testing was conducted on a five-axle combination vehicle with tractor brakes meeting the Reduced Stopping Distance requirement rulemaking. This report provides a summary of the testing activities, the results of various analyses of the data, and recommendations for future research. Following a complete brake rebuild, instrumentation, and brake burnish, stopping tests were performed from 20 and 40 mph with various brake application pressures (15 psi, 25 psi, 35 psi, 45 psi, 55 psi, and full system pressure). These tests were conducted for various brake conditions at the following GVWs: 60,000, 80,000, 91,000, 97,000, 106,000, and 116,000 lb. The 80,000-lb GVWs included both balanced and unbalanced loads. The condition of the braking system was also varied. To introduce these defects, brakes (none, forward drive axle, or rear trailer axle) were made inoperative. In addition to the stopping tests, performance-based brake tests were conducted for the various loading and brake conditions. Analysis of the stopping test data showed the stopping distance to increase with load (as expected) and also showed that more braking force was generated by the drive axle brakes than the trailer axle brakes. The constant-pressure stopping test data revealed a linear relationship between brake application pressure and was used to develop an algorithm to normalize stopping data for weight and initial speed.

  6. Energy Efficiency in Heavy Vehicle Tires, Drivetrains, and Braking Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter J. Blau

    2000-04-26

    This document was prepared to support the primary goals of the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These were recently stated as follows: ''Develop by 2004 the enabling technologies for a class 7-8 truck with a fuel efficiency of 10 mpg (at 65 mph) which will meet prevailing emission standards. For Class 3-6 trucks operating on an urban driving cycle, develop by 2004 commercially viable vehicles that achieve at least double the fuel economy of comparable current vehicles (1999), and as a research goal, reduce criteria pollutants to 30% below EPA standards. Develop by 2004 the diesel engine enabling technologies to support large-scale industry dieselization of Class 1 and 2 trucks, achieving a 35 % fuel efficiency improvement over comparable gasoline-fueled trucks, while meeting applicable emissions standards.'' The enabling technologies for improving the fuel efficiency of trucks, include not only engine technologies but also technologies involved with lowering the rolling resistance of tires, reducing vehicle aerodynamic drag, improving thermal management, and reducing parasitic frictional losses in drive train components. Opportunities also exist for making better use of the energy that might ordinarily be dissipated during vehicle braking. Braking systems must be included in this evaluation since safety in truck operations is vital, and braking requirements are greater for vehicles having lowered resistance to rolling. The Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies has initiated a program to improve the aerodynamics of heavy vehicles through wind tunnel testing, computational modeling, and on-road evaluations. That activity is described in a separate multi-year plan; therefore, emphasis in this document will be on tires, drive trains, and braking systems. Recent, dramatic fluctuations in diesel fuel prices have emphasized the importance of effecting savings in truck fuel economy by implementing new component designs and materials.

  7. Braking the Gas in the beta Pictoris Disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrigo Fernández; Alexis Brandeker; Yanqin Wu

    2006-01-11

    (Abridged) The main sequence star beta Pictoris hosts the best studied circumstellar disk to date. Nonetheless, a long-standing puzzle has been around since the detection of metallic gas in the disk: radiation pressure from the star should blow the gas away, yet the observed motion is consistent with Keplerian rotation. In this work we search for braking mechanisms that can resolve this discrepancy. We find that all species affected by radiation force are heavily ionized and dynamically coupled into a single fluid by Coulomb collisions, reducing the radiation force on species feeling the strongest acceleration. For a gas of solar composition, the resulting total radiation force still exceeds gravity, while a gas of enhanced carbon abundance could be self-braking. We also explore two other braking agents: collisions with dust grains and neutral gas. Grains surrounding beta Pic are photoelectrically charged to a positive electrostatic potential. If a significant fraction of the grains are carbonaceous (10% in the midplane and larger at higher altitudes), ions can be slowed down to satisfy the observed velocity constraints. For neutral gas to brake the coupled ion fluid, we find the minimum required mass to be $\\approx$ 0.03 $M_\\earth$, consistent with observed upper limits of the hydrogen column density, and substantially reduced relative to previous estimates. Our results favor a scenario in which metallic gas is generated by grain evaporation in the disk, perhaps during grain-grain collisions. We exclude a primordial origin for the gas, but cannot rule out the possibility of its production by falling evaporating bodies near the star. We discuss the implications of this work for observations of gas in other debris disks.

  8. SPINDOWN OF ISOLATED NEUTRON STARS: GRAVITATIONAL WAVES OR MAGNETIC BRAKING?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staff, Jan E.; Jaikumar, Prashanth; Chan, Vincent; Ouyed, Rachid

    2012-05-20

    We study the spindown of isolated neutron stars from initially rapid rotation rates, driven by two factors: (1) gravitational wave emission due to r-modes and (2) magnetic braking. In the context of isolated neutron stars, we present the first study including self-consistently the magnetic damping of r-modes in the spin evolution. We track the spin evolution employing the RNS code, which accounts for the rotating structure of neutron stars for various equations of state. We find that, despite the strong damping due to the magnetic field, r-modes alter the braking rate from pure magnetic braking for B {<=} 10{sup 13} G. For realistic values of the saturation amplitude {alpha}{sub sat}, the r-mode can also decrease the time to reach the threshold central density for quark deconfinement. Within a phenomenological model, we assess the gravitational waveform that would result from r-mode-driven spindown of a magnetized neutron star. To contrast with the persistent signal during the spindown phase, we also present a preliminary estimate of the transient gravitational wave signal from an explosive quark-hadron phase transition, which can be a signal for the deconfinement of quarks inside neutron stars.

  9. Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Proof of Concept Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL

    2011-11-01

    This proof-of-concept research was performed to explore the feasibility of using real-world braking data from commercial motor vehicles to make a diagnosis of brake condition similar to that of the performance-based brake tester (PBBT). This was done by determining the relationship between pressure and brake force (P-BF), compensating for the gross vehicle weight (GVW). The nature of this P-BF relationship (e.g., low braking force for a given brake application pressure) may indicate brake system problems. In order to determine the relationship between brake force and brake application pressure, a few key parameters of duty cycle information were collected. Because braking events are often brief, spanning only a few seconds, a sample rate of 10 Hz was needed. The algorithm under development required brake application pressure and speed (from which deceleration was calculated). Accurate weight estimation was also needed to properly derive the braking force from the deceleration. In order to ensure that braking force was the predominant factor in deceleration for the segments of data used in analysis, the data was screened for grade as well. Also, the analysis needed to be based on pressures above the crack pressure. The crack pressure is the pressure below which the individual brakes are not applied due the nature of the mechanical system. This value, which may vary somewhat from one wheel end to another, is approximately 10 psi. Therefore, only pressures 15 psi and above were used in the analysis. The Department of Energy s Medium Truck Duty Cycle research has indicated that under the real-world circumstances of the test vehicle brake pressures of up to approximately 30 psi can be expected. Several different types of data were collected during the testing task of this project. Constant-pressure stopping tests were conducted at several combinations of brake application pressure (15, 20, 25, and 30 psi), load conditions (moderately and fully laden), and speeds (20 and 30 mph). Data was collected at 10 Hz. Standard and stepped-pressure performance-based brake tests with brake pressure transducers were performed for each loading condition. The stepped-pressure test included the constant-pressure intervals of brake application at 15, 20, 25, and 30 psi. The PBBT data files included 10 Hz streaming data collected during the testing of each axle. Two weeks of real-world duty cycle (driving and braking) data was also collected at 10 Hz. Initial analysis of the data revealed that the data collected in the field (i.e., day-to-day operations) provided the same information as that obtained from the controlled tests. Analysis of the data collected revealed a strong linear relationship between brake application pressure and deceleration for given GVWs. As anticipated, initial speed was not found to be a significant factor in the deceleration-pressure relationship, unlike GVW. The positive results obtained from this proof of concept test point to the need for further research to expand this concept. A second phase should include testing over a wider range of speeds and include medium brake application pressures in addition to the low pressures tested in this research. Testing on multiple vehicles would also be of value. This future phase should involve testing to determine how degradation of braking performance affects the pressure-deceleration relationship.

  10. Tachyon cosmology, supernovae data and the Big Brake singularity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Keresztes; L. Á. Gergely; V. Gorini; U. Moschella; A. Yu. Kamenshchik

    2009-04-21

    We compare the existing observational data on type Ia Supernovae with the evolutions of the universe predicted by a one-parameter family of tachyon models which we have introduced recently in paper \\cite{we-tach}. Among the set of the trajectories of the model which are compatible with the data there is a consistent subset for which the universe ends up in a new type of soft cosmological singularity dubbed Big Brake. This opens up yet another scenario for the future history of the universe besides the one predicted by the standard $\\Lambda$CDM model.

  11. Adaptive Torque Control of Electro-Rheological Fluid Brakes Used in Active Knee Rehabilitation Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    1 Adaptive Torque Control of Electro-Rheological Fluid Brakes Used in Active Knee Rehabilitation-rheological fluid (ERF) based variable resistance brakes that are used in compact and portable rehabilitation Control, Actuators for Rehabilitation Robotics I. INTRODUCTION Electro-rheological fluids (ERFs

  12. Modeling the pneumatic subsystem of a S-cam air brake system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar

    2004-09-30

    The air brake system is one of the critical components in ensuring the safe operation of any commercial vehicle. This work is directed towards the development of a fault-free model of the pneumatic subsystem of the air brake system. This model can...

  13. On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic RenderingGill University, Montr´eal, Canada ABSTRACT We describe the use of eddy current brakes as fast turn-on, tunable, linear dampers for haptic rendering using a prototype haptic device outfitted with eddy current brakes

  14. Lunchtime Brown Bag Discussions in Education Summary Fall '03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    R., P Beale, S Robertson, A Hasenfratz 9/17 - David Hammer (U Maryland) - epistemology in physics 10 / 9 others At least 25 different faculty from the physics department attended the brown bag sessions. Significant interest from other departments (APS, Engineering, Math) in various programs, particularly

  15. A water bag theory of autoresonant Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal modes P. Khain and L. Friedlanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedland, Lazar

    A water bag theory of autoresonant Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal modes P. Khain and L. Friedlanda Racah 23 July 2007; published online 29 August 2007 The adiabatic water bag theory describing formation. 1 b . In the present work we develop the adiabatic water bag theory of autoresonant phase

  16. A Two-Stage Approach for Bag Detection in Pedestrian Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ai, Haizhou

    A Two-Stage Approach for Bag Detection in Pedestrian Images Yuning Du1 , Haizhou Ai1 and Shihong., LTD Abstract. Bag detection in pedestrian images is a very practical visual surveillance problem for bag detection in pedestrian images. Firstly, we utilize two stripe vocabulary forests to check whether

  17. A nonextensive view of the stellar braking indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Freitas, D B; Soares, B B; Silva, J R P

    2015-01-01

    The present work is based on a description for the angular mometum loss rate due to magnetic braking for main-sequence stars on the relationship between stellar rotation and age. In general, this loss rate denoted by $\\mathrm dJ/\\mathrm dt$ depends on angular velocity $\\Omega$ in the form $\\mathrm dJ/\\mathrm dt\\propto\\Omega^{q}$, where $q$ is a parameter extracted from nonextensive statistical mechanics. Already, in context of stellar rotation, this parameter is greater than unity and it is directly related to the braking index. For $q$ equal to unity, the scenario of saturation of the magnetic field is recovered, otherwise $q$ indicates an unsaturated field. This new approach have been proposed and investigated by de Freitas \\& De Medeiros for unsaturated field stars. In present work, we propose a nonextensive approach for the stellar rotational evolution based on the Reiners \\& Mohanthy model. In this sense, we developed a nonextensive version of Reiners \\& Mohanthy torque and also compare this ...

  18. Evaluation of driver braking performance to an unexpected object in the roadway 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picha, Dale Louis

    1994-01-01

    ) in 1940, incorporates two components into geometric design, a perception-response time (PRT) component and a braking distance component. Because of the importance of sight distance on highways, previous research has questioned the assumptions of these two...

  19. Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, James Elliott

    2011-10-21

    Societal concerns on combustion-based fuel consumption are ever-increasing. With respect to internal combustion engines, this translates to a need to increase brake fuel conversion efficiency (BFCE). Diesel engines are a relatively efficient...

  20. A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berman, Andrea Helene

    1994-01-01

    The nature of foot movement time (MT) in an actual braking maneuver and in a stationary vehicle was investigated regarding the effects of age and gender of the driver and nature of the stimulus to which the driver was ...

  1. Combined fast valving and braking resistor application to improve transient stability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jen-Yeu Thomas

    1982-01-01

    COMBINED FAST VALVING AND BRAKING RESISTOR APPLICATION TO IMPROVE TRANSIENT STABILITY A Thesis by Submitted to the Graduate College of' Texas A&M University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1982 Major Subjecta Electrical Engineering COMBINED FAST VALVING AND BRAKING RESISTOR APPLICATION TO IMPROVE TRANSIENT STABILITY A Thesis by Approved as to style and content by& herman oY mm ee ad of' De tment Member May 1982 ABSTRACT...

  2. Geek-Up[08.20.10] -- Turning Trash Bags into Battery Anodes and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    plastic bags - which are non-biodegradable and made from nonrenewable resources (crude oil and natural gas) - are one of the most challenging items for the recycling industry...

  3. Braking index of isolated uniformly rotating magnetized pulsars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamil, Oliver; Urbanec, Martin; Urbancova, Gabriela

    2015-01-01

    Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate in detail, the commonly accepted view is that it arises through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body. Other processes, including the emission of gravitational radiation, and of relativistic particles (pulsar wind), are also being considered. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar with a constant moment of inertia is assumed proportional to a model dependent power of $\\Omega$. This relation leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The MDR model predicts $n$ exactly equal to 3. Selected observations of isolated pulsars provide rather precise values of $n$, individually accurate to a few percent or better, in the range 1$ <$ n $ < $ 2.8, which is consi...

  4. Vacuum Bag Only Prepreg Processing of Honeycomb Sandwich Panels James Kratz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    Vacuum Bag Only Prepreg Processing of Honeycomb Sandwich Panels James Kratz Department that consistently produce predictable results are needed. Vacuum-bag-only (VBO) manufacturing is one possible solution that relies on vacuum to remove all entrapped volatiles prior to cure, and then the differential

  5. Initial results using Eddy Current Brakes as Fast Turn-on, Programmable Physical Dampers for Haptic Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    Initial results using Eddy Current Brakes as Fast Turn-on, Programmable Physical Dampers for Haptic Machines McGill University, Montr´eal, Qu´ebec, Canada ABSTRACT We demonstrate the use of eddy current propose an alternate method to create damping in a haptic interface that uses eddy current brakes. 2 EDDY

  6. Energy-Saving Control of an Unstable Valve with a MR Brake QingHui Yuan and Perry Y. Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    as a brake does not imply heat reduction. In this paper, we propose a new type of actuator in which a dual lead to heat reduction. In [6], we use a dual-solenoid actuator and design a controller to minimizeEnergy-Saving Control of an Unstable Valve with a MR Brake QingHui Yuan and Perry Y. Li Abstract

  7. REPORT on the TRUCK BRAKE LINING WORKSHOP and FLEET OPERATORS' SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blau, P.J.

    2003-02-03

    The report summarizes what transpired during brake linings-related workshop held at the Fall 2003 meeting of the Technology and Maintenance Council (TMC) in Charlotte, NC. The title of the workshop was ''Developing a Useful Friction Material Rating System''. It was organized by a team consisting of Peter Blau (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Jim Britell (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), and Jim Lawrence (Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association). The workshop was held under the auspices of TMC Task Force S6 (Chassis), chaired by Joseph Stianche (Sanderson Farms, Inc.). Six invited speakers during the morning session provided varied perspectives on testing and rating aftermarket automotive and truck brake linings. They were: James R. Clark, Chief Engineer, Foundation Brakes and Wheel Equipment, Dana Corporation, Spicer Heavy Axle and Brake Division; Charles W. Greening, Jr, President, Greening Test Labs; Tim Duncan, General Manager, Link Testing Services;Dennis J. McNichol, President, Dennis NationaLease; Jim Fajerski, Business Manager, OE Sales and Applications Engineering, Federal Mogul Corporation; and Peter J. Blau, Senior Materials Development Engineer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The afternoon break-out sessions addressed nine questions concerning such issues as: ''Should the federal government regulate aftermarket lining quality?''; ''How many operators use RP 628, and if so, what's good or bad about it?''; and ''Would there be any value to you of a vocation-specific rating system?'' The opinions of each discussion group, consisting of 7-9 participants, were reported and consolidated in summary findings on each question. Some questions produced a greater degree of agreement than others. In general, the industry seems eager for more information that would allow those who are responsible for maintaining truck brakes to make better, more informed choices on aftermarket linings. A written fleet operator survey was also conducted during the TMC meeting. Twenty-one responses were received, spanning fleet sizes between 12 and 170,000 vehicles. Responses are summarized in a series of tables separated into responses from small (100 or fewer powered vehicles), medium (101-1000 vehicles), and large fleets (>1000 vehicles). The vast majority of fleets do their own brake maintenance, relying primarily on experience and lining manufactures to select aftermarket linings. At least half of the responders are familiar to some extent with TMC Recommended Practice 628 on brake linings, but most do not use this source of test data as the sole criterion to select linings. Significant shortfalls in the applicability of TMC RP 628 to certain types of brake systems were noted.

  8. System for lubrication of a brake air compressor associated with a turbocharged internal combustion engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, J.C.

    1992-10-13

    This patent describes a system for use with a vehicle which includes a turbocharged internal combustion engine having a lubricating system wherein lubricating oil from an engine oil reservoir is circulated within the engine and also to and from an associated brake system air compressor which supplies compressed air for operation of the vehicle air braking system. This patent describes improvement in passing supercharged air to an oil crankcase of the air compressor to cause lubricating oil to drain therefrom and return to the engine oil reservoir.

  9. A water bag model of driven phase space holes in non-neutral plasmas L. Friedland,1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedland, Lazar

    A water bag model of driven phase space holes in non-neutral plasmas I. Barth,1 L. Friedland,1,a, quasi-one-dimensional water bag model of this excitation for an initially flat-top distribution estimated within the water bag theory. © 2008 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2969738 I

  10. Calculation of the Electric and Magnetic Root Mean Squared Radiuses of Proton Based on MIT Bag Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryam Momeni Feili; Mahvash Zandi

    2015-01-12

    The electric and magnetic bag radiuses of the proton can be determined by MIT bag model based on electric and magnetic form factors of the proton. Also we determined electric and magnetic root mean squared radiuses of the proton, using of bag radius and compared with other results suggests a suitable compatibility.

  11. Adaptation of hybrid five-phase ABS algorithms for experimental validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -lock braking, Hybrid control systems, Limit cycle analysis, Experimental validation, Quarter-car. 1Adaptation of hybrid five-phase ABS algorithms for experimental validation Mathieu Gerard WilliamAnti-lock Braking System (ABS) is the most important active safety system for passenger cars, but unfortunately

  12. Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroeger, Timothy H

    2013-09-19

    The brake torque of a direct-injection diesel engine is known to plateau over a range of injection timings. Injection timing affects the engine’s ignition delay and the fractions of fuel which burn in premixed and diffusion modes. Therefore...

  13. ORBITAL AND MASS RATIO EVOLUTION OF PROTOBINARIES DRIVEN BY MAGNETIC BRAKING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Bo; Li, Zhi-Yun

    2013-01-20

    The majority of stars reside in multiple systems, especially binaries. The formation and early evolution of binaries is a longstanding problem in star formation that is not yet fully understood. In particular, how the magnetic field observed in star-forming cores shapes the binary characteristics remains relatively unexplored. We demonstrate numerically, using an MHD version of the ENZO AMR hydro code, that a magnetic field of the observed strength can drastically change two of the basic quantities that characterize a binary system: the orbital separation and mass ratio of the two components. Our calculations focus on the protostellar mass accretion phase, after a pair of stellar 'seeds' have already formed. We find that in dense cores magnetized to a realistic level, the angular momentum of the material accreted by the protobinary is greatly reduced by magnetic braking. Accretion of strongly braked material shrinks the protobinary separation by a large factor compared to the non-magnetic case. The magnetic braking also changes the evolution of the mass ratio of unequal-mass protobinaries by producing material of low specific angular momentum that accretes preferentially onto the more massive primary star rather than the secondary. This is in contrast with the preferential mass accretion onto the secondary previously found numerically for protobinaries accreting from an unmagnetized envelope, which tends to drive the mass ratio toward unity. In addition, the magnetic field greatly modifies the morphology and dynamics of the protobinary accretion flow. It suppresses the traditional circumstellar and circumbinary disks that feed the protobinary in the non-magnetic case; the binary is fed instead by a fast collapsing pseudodisk whose rotation is strongly braked. The magnetic braking-driven inward migration of binaries from their birth locations may be constrained by high-resolution observations of the orbital distribution of deeply embedded protobinaries, especially with ALMA and JVLA.

  14. Summary of MgO Bag and Room Model Team | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    event. This document corresponds to Appendix D: Modeling Integrated Summary Report of the Technical Assessment Team Report. Summary of MgO Bag and Room Model Team More Documents &...

  15. "Don't Bag It" lawn care plan: an urban educational program in Bell County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locke, Darlene H

    1991-01-01

    "DOB'T BAG IT" LAWN CARE PLAN An Urban Bducational Program in Bell County, Texas A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Darlene H. Locke Submitted to the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE May, 1991 Department of Horticultural Sciences esDONsT BAG ZTe LAWN CARS PLAN An Urban Bduoational Program in Bell County, Texas A Professional Paper by Darlene H. Locke Approved as to style...

  16. Use of an auditory signal in a rear-end collision warning system: effects on braking force and reaction time 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Jennifer Susan

    1995-01-01

    This simulator experiment is a preliminary study examining the effects of different auditory signals on braking force and reaction time in a rear-end collision warning system. A driving simulator was built in which subjects operated a computer...

  17. Nonlinear analysis of time series of vibration data from a friction brake: SSA, PCA, and MFDFA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolay K. Vitanov; Norbert P. Hoffmann; Boris Wernitz

    2014-10-23

    We use the methodology of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and multi-fractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA), for investigating characteristics of vibration time series data from a friction brake. SSA and PCA are used to study the long time-scale characteristics of the time series. MFDFA is applied for investigating all time scales up to the smallest recorded one. It turns out that the majority of the long time-scale dynamics, that is presumably dominated by the structural dynamics of the brake system, is dominated by very few active dimensions only and can well be understood in terms of low dimensional chaotic attractors. The multi-fractal analysis shows that the fast dynamical processes originating in the friction interface are in turn truly multi-scale in nature.

  18. DOES MAGNETIC-FIELD-ROTATION MISALIGNMENT SOLVE THE MAGNETIC BRAKING CATASTROPHE IN PROTOSTELLAR DISK FORMATION?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica, Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2013-09-01

    Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 10{sup 2} AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the ''magnetic braking catastrophe''. A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle and Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}> 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90 Degree-Sign . If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.

  19. Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution

    1998-01-01

    In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.

  20. Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rau, Scott James

    2013-01-29

    Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

  1. Skyrmions and Bags in the 2D-O(3) model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Holzwarth

    1999-05-25

    Localized static solutions of the 2D-O(3) model are investigated in a representation with the 3-vector field $\\vec Phi$ split into the unit vector $\\hat Phi$ and the modulus $\\Phi$. As in the nonlinear version of the model this allows for the definition of a topological winding number $B$, and for the separation of the complete configuration space into distinct $B$-sectors. For small values of the $\\Phi^4$-coupling strength the stable energy minima in these sectors are characterized by bag formation in the modulus field which in the standard cartesian representation of the linear O(3) model would be unstable towards decay into the trivial B=0 vacuum. Stabilized by $B$-conservation they exhibit a surprising variety of very appealing features for multiply charged systems. With the total charge bound into one common deep bag opposite ways of distributing the topological charge density inside the bag can be realized: Pointlike structures which retain the individuality of single constituents (or doubly charged pairs), or a deconfined charge density spread uniformly throughout the interior of the bag. It is suggested that this extension supplies a crucial link to overcome the unsatisfactory existing mismatch between multiskyrmion configurations and nuclear structure.

  2. Classificac~ao Automatica de G^eneros Musicais Utilizando Metodos de Bagging e Boosting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    um estudo utilizando t´ecnicas de meta- aprendizagem para o problema de classificac¸~ao autom´atica de g^eneros musi- cais. As t´ecnicas de meta-aprendizagem utilizadas foram Bagging e Boosting. Em]. No momento, a maior parte das informac¸~oes sobre dados multim´idia s~ao classificadas e organizadas baseadas

  3. Influence of noise on the synchronization of the stochastic Kuramoto model Bidhan Chandra Bag*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of noise on the synchronization of the stochastic Kuramoto model Bidhan Chandra Bag-Uhlenbeck OU 11,12 and non-Gaussian colored noise 13­15 . The model first introduced by Kuramoto 2 is one were modeled by an ensemble of coupled phase oscillators 6 . The Kuramoto model subject to a noise

  4. Hybrid: Braking

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlenderBusiness Case for E85CaliforniaCleanUNITEDNREL

  5. Hybrid: Braking

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlenderBusiness Case for E85CaliforniaCleanUNITEDNRELButton

  6. Uncertainty-Enabled Design of a Rocket Sled Track Switch Drs. Jordan E. Massad and Matthew R. Brake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uncertainty-Enabled Design of a Rocket Sled Track Switch Drs. Jordan E. Massad and Matthew R. Brake Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico Rocket sled tracks provide a dynamically rich environment acceleration profile, the switch closes to complete a circuit for instrument activation. Preliminary tests

  7. CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

  8. Energy-Saving Control of an Unstable Valve with a MR Brake QingHui Yuan and Perry Y. Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Energy-Saving Control of an Unstable Valve with a MR Brake QingHui Yuan and Perry Y. Li Abstract controller is then developed to achieve position tracking and energy-saving. Simulation verifies that using. INTRODUCTION Energy-saving is an important issue in fluid power indus- try. The research of energy efficiency

  9. Legislation & Embedded Fundamental Ambiguities in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Classify These? Fuel injectors Anti-lock brakes Hot water heater control Refrigerator control Home) of the Uniform Commercial Code (aka Article 2), and the ¡ Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (aka Article 2 (Sales) (other Articles govern wire transfers, cheque payment systems, secured loans, etc

  10. Hamiltonian fluid closures of the Vlasov-Amp{è}re equations: from water-bags to N moment models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Perin; Cristel Chandre; P. J. Morrison; E. Tassi

    2015-07-02

    Moment closures of the Vlasov-Amp{\\`e}re system, whereby higher moments are represented as functions of lower moments with the constraint that the resulting fluid system remains Hamiltonian, are investigated by using water-bag theory. The link between the water-bag formalism and fluid models that involve density, fluid velocity, pressure and higher moments is established by introducing suitable thermodynamic variables. The cases of one, two and three water-bags are treated and their Hamiltonian structures are provided. In each case, we give the associated fluid closures and we discuss their Casimir invariants. We show how the method can be extended to an arbitrary number of fields, i.e., an arbitrary number of water-bags and associated moments. The thermodynamic interpretation of the resulting models is discussed. Finally, a general procedure to derive Hamiltonian N-field fluid models is proposed.

  11. Hamiltonian fluid closures of the Vlasov-Amp{\\`e}re equations: from water-bags to N moment models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perin, M; Morrison, P J; Tassi, E

    2015-01-01

    Moment closures of the Vlasov-Amp{\\`e}re system, whereby higher moments are represented as functions of lower moments with the constraint that the resulting fluid system remains Hamiltonian, are investigated by using water-bag theory. The link between the water-bag formalism and fluid models that involve density, fluid velocity, pressure and higher moments is established by introducing suitable thermodynamic variables. The cases of one, two and three water-bags are treated and their Hamiltonian structures are provided. In each case, we give the associated fluid closures and we discuss their Casimir invariants. We show how the method can be extended to an arbitrary number of fields, i.e., an arbitrary number of water-bags and associated moments. The thermodynamic interpretation of the resulting models is discussed. Finally, a general procedure to derive Hamiltonian N-field fluid models is proposed.

  12. Amplitudes of radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Yu. Kuchiev

    2010-12-04

    Properties of amplitudes that describe radiative corrections in a bag of heavy fermions bound by the Higgs boson exchange are studied. Classes of amplitudes, in which the large fermion mass is canceled out and hence produces no enhancement for the radiative corrections are found. For fermions with masses in the region 4001000 Gev, the processes described by diagrams with closed fermion loops are also mass-independent.

  13. D-branes, Wilson Bags, and Coherent Topological Charge Structure in QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. B. Thacker

    2006-10-06

    Monte Carlo studies of pure glue SU(3) gauge theory using the overlap-based topological charge operator have revealed a laminar structure in the QCD vacuum consisting of extended, thin, coherent, locally 3-dimensional sheets of topological charge embedded in 4D space, with opposite sign sheets interleaved. Studies of localization properties of Dirac eigenmodes have also shown evidence for the delocalization of low-lying modes on effectively 3-dimensional surfaces. In this talk, I review some theoretical ideas which suggest the possibility of 3-dimensionally coherent topological charge structure in 4-dimensional gauge theory and provide a possible interpretation of the observed structure. I begin with Luscher's ``Wilson bag'' integral over the 3-index Chern-Simons tensor. The analogy with a Wilson loop as a charged world line in 2-dimensional $CP^{N-1}$ sigma models suggests that the Wilson bag surface represents the world volume of a physical membrane. The large-N chiral Lagrangian arguments of Witten also indicate the existence of multiple ``k-vacuum'' states with discontinuous transitions between k-vacua at $\\theta=$ odd multiples of $\\pi$. The domain walls between these vacua have the properties of a Wilson bag surface. Finally, I review the AdS/CFT duality view of $\\theta$ dependence in QCD. The dual realtionship between topological charge in gauge theory and Ramond-Ramond charge in type IIA string theory suggests that the coherent topological charge sheets observed on the lattice are the holographic image of wrapped D6 branes.

  14. MAGNETIC BRAKING FORMULATION FOR SUN-LIKE STARS: DEPENDENCE ON DIPOLE FIELD STRENGTH AND ROTATION RATE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matt, Sean P.; Pinsonneault, Marc H.; Greene, Thomas P. E-mail: kmac@ucar.edu E-mail: thomas.p.greene@nasa.gov

    2012-08-01

    We use two-dimensional axisymmetric magnetohydrodynamic simulations to compute steady-state solutions for solar-like stellar winds from rotating stars with dipolar magnetic fields. Our parameter study includes 50 simulations covering a wide range of relative magnetic field strengths and rotation rates, extending from the slow- and approaching the fast-magnetic-rotator regimes. Using the simulations to compute the angular momentum loss, we derive a semi-analytic formulation for the external torque on the star that fits all of the simulations to a precision of a few percent. This formula provides a simple method for computing the magnetic braking of Sun-like stars due to magnetized stellar winds, which properly includes the dependence on the strength of the magnetic field, mass loss rate, stellar radius, surface gravity, and spin rate, and which is valid for both slow and fast rotators.

  15. Bag model of hadrons, dual QCD thermodynamics and Quark-Gluon Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. C. Chandola; Garima Punetha; H. Dehnen

    2015-05-16

    Using the grand canonical ensemble formulation of a multi-particle statistical system, the thermodynamical description of the dual QCD has been presented in terms of the bag model of hadrons and analyzed for the quark-gluon plasma phase of hadronic matter. The dual QCD bag construction has been shown to lead to the radial pressure on the bag surface in terms of the vector glueball masses of the magnetically condensed QCD vacuum. Constructing the grand canonical partition function to deal with the quark-gluon plasma phase of the non-strange hadrons, the energy density and the plasma pressure have been derived and used to understand the dynamics of the associated phase transition. The critical temperature for QGP-hadron phase transition has been derived and numerically estimated by using various thermodynamic considerations. A comparison of the values of the critical temperatures for QGP-hadron phase transition with those obtained for the deconfinement-phase transition, has been shown to lead to the relaxation of the system via a mixed phase of QGP and hot hadron gas. The associated profiles of the normalized energy density and the specific heat have been shown to lead to a huge latent heat generation and indicate the onset of a first-order QGP phase transition. The squared speed of sound has been shown to act as a physical measure of large thermodynamical fluctuations near transition point where it shows a large reduction in its value as compared to the conformal limit and has intimate connection with the evolution of fire-ball and QGP in heavy-ion collision events. The possible implications of the trace anomaly and conformal measure on QGP formation have been discussed and a considerable increase in the degrees of freedom and the associated interaction effects has been indicated around the transition region and discussed for its relevance with the modern heavy-ion collision experiments.

  16. A Comparison of Three Voting Methods for Bagging with the MLEM2 Algorithm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clinton Cohagan; Jerzy W. Grzymala-Busse; Zdzislaw S. Hippe

    2010-03-17

    This paper presents results of experiments on some data sets using bagging on the MLEM2 rule induction algorithm. Three different methods of ensemble voting, based on support (a non-democratic voting in which ensembles vote with their strengths), strength only (an ensemble with the largest strength decides to which concept a case belongs) and democratic voting (each ensemble has at most one vote) were used. Our conclusions are that though in most cases democratic voting was the best, it is not significantly better than voting based on support. The strength voting was the worst voting method.

  17. This interactive exhibit is a bean bag tossing game that teaches about the energy of different colors of light and how a solar cell works. Kids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    is a generalized schematic that could apply to organic or inorganic thin film solar cells. · Directions / Socratic of different colors of light and how a solar cell works. Kids toss colored bean bags at a model solar cell Sequence Hand the child the bean bags. Tell them "The poster shows the layers of a solar cell seen from

  18. Bags-of-Features for fish school cluster characterization in pelagic ecosystems: application to the discrimination of juvenile and adult

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Bags-of-Features for fish school cluster characterization in pelagic ecosystems: application mainly focused on the detection, characterization and recognition of individual fish schools, here we addressed the characterization and discrimination of fish school clusters. The proposed scheme relied on35

  19. Sharing Bags of Tasks Optimally in Heterogeneous Clusters Micah Adler and Ying Gong and Arnold L. Rosenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Micah

    Sharing Bags of Tasks Optimally in Heterogeneous Clusters Micah Adler and Ying Gong and Arnold L Clusters Authors: Micah Adler Ying Gong Arnold L. Rosenberg (Fellow, IEEE) Address: Department of Computer. The research of Y. Gong and A.L. Rosenberg was supported in part by NSF Grant CCR-00-73401. A portion

  20. Strange Stars in $f(T)$ Gravity With MIT Bag Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Abbas; Shahid Qaisar; Abdul Jawad

    2015-09-15

    This paper deals with existence of strange stars in $f\\left(T\\right) $ modified gravity. For this purpose, we have taken the diagonal tetrad field of static spacetime with charged anisotropic fluid and MIT bag model, which provide the linear relation between radial pressure and density of the matter. Further, the analysis of the resulting equations have been done by assuming the parametric form of the metric functions in term of the radial profiles with some unknown constant (introduced by Krori and Barua). By the matching of two metrices, unknown constant of the metric functions appear in terms of mass, radius and charge of the stars, the observed values of these quantities have been used for the detail analysis of the the derived model. We have discuss the regularity, anisotropy, energy conditions, stability and surface redshift of the model.

  1. Strange Stars in $f(T)$ Gravity With MIT Bag Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbas, G; Jawad, Abdul

    2015-01-01

    This paper deals with existence of strange stars in $f\\left(T\\right) $ modified gravity. For this purpose, we have taken the diagonal tetrad field of static spacetime with charged anisotropic fluid and MIT bag model, which provide the linear relation between radial pressure and density of the matter. Further, the analysis of the resulting equations have been done by assuming the parametric form of the metric functions in term of the radial profiles with some unknown constant (introduced by Krori and Barua). By the matching of two metrices, unknown constant of the metric functions appear in terms of mass, radius and charge of the stars, the observed values of these quantities have been used for the detail analysis of the the derived model. We have discuss the regularity, anisotropy, energy conditions, stability and surface redshift of the model.

  2. Bag breakup of low viscosity drops in the presence of a continuous air jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulkarni, V. Sojka, P. E.

    2014-07-15

    This work examines the breakup of a single drop of various low viscosity fluids as it deforms in the presence of continuous horizontal air jet. Such a fragmentation typically occurs after the bulk liquid has disintegrated upon exiting the atomizer and is in the form of an ensemble of drops which undergo further breakup. The drop deformation and its eventual disintegration is important in evaluating the efficacy of a particular industrial process, be it combustion in automobile engines or pesticide spraying in agricultural applications. The interplay between competing influences of surface tension and aerodynamic disruptive forces is represented by the Weber number, We, and Ohnesorge number, Oh, and used to describe the breakup morphology. The breakup pattern considered in our study corresponds to that of a bag attached to a toroidal ring which occurs from ?12 < We < ?16. We aim to address several issues connected with this breakup process and their dependence on We and Oh which have been hitherto unexplored. The We boundary at which breakup begins is theoretically determined and the expression obtained, We=12(1+2/3Oh{sup 2}), is found to match well with experimental data ([L.-P. Hsiang and G. M. Faeth, Int. J. Multiphase Flow 21(4), 545–560 (1995)] and [R. S. Brodkey, “Formation of drops and bubbles,” in The Phenomena of Fluid Motions (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1967)]). An exponential growth in the radial extent of the deformed drop and the streamline dimension of the bag is predicted by a theoretical model and confirmed by experimental findings. These quantities are observed to strongly depend on We. However, their dependence on Oh is weak.

  3. ACCEPTED AUTHORS' DRAFT, THE FINAL VERSION TO APPEAR IN THE IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 13, NO. 6, 669677, 2008. 1 Eddy Current Brakes for Haptic Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    , VOL. 13, NO. 6, 669­677, 2008. 1 Eddy Current Brakes for Haptic Interfaces: Design, Identification describe the design of an eddy current brake for use as programmable viscous damper for haptic interfaces actuators for haptic interfaces. We overview the governing physical relationships, and describe design

  4. Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew McGrath, Hurst Nuckols, Grant Wilson Adviser: Dr. Andrew Jackson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpick, Robert W.

    Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew Mc Pressure Reservior Filter Variable Vane Pump Motor/Pump Hydraulic Accumulators Solenoid Valve Relief Valve Suction Line Since their development in 2006, hydraulic drivetrain systems have gained considerable

  5. Finite element analysis of the effect of up-armouring on the off-road braking and sharp-turn performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    Finite element analysis of the effect of up-armouring on the off-road braking and sharp-mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicle, off-road vehicle performance, finite element modelling and simulations revision for publication on 15 June 2009. DOI: 10.1243/09544070JAUTO1187 Abstract: A comprehensive finite

  6. Hamiltonian fluid reductions of drift-kinetic equations and the correspondence with water-bag distribution functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perin, Maxime; Tassi, Emanuele

    2015-01-01

    Hamiltonian models for the first three moments of the drift-kinetic distribution function, namely the density, the fluid velocity and the parallel pressure, are derived from the Hamiltonian structure of the drift-kinetic equations. The link with the water-bag closure is established, showing that, unlike the one-dimensional Vlasov equations, these solutions are the only Hamiltonian fluid reductions for the drift-kinetic equation. These models are discussed through their equations of motion and their Casimir invariants.

  7. Hamiltonian fluid reductions of drift-kinetic equations and the correspondence with water-bag distribution functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxime Perin; Cristel Chandre; Emanuele Tassi

    2015-10-12

    Hamiltonian models for the first three moments of the drift-kinetic distribution function, namely the density, the fluid velocity and the parallel pressure, are derived from the Hamiltonian structure of the drift-kinetic equations. The link with the water-bag closure is established, showing that, unlike the one-dimensional Vlasov equations, these solutions are the only Hamiltonian fluid reductions for the drift-kinetic equation. These models are discussed through their equations of motion and their Casimir invariants.

  8. An analysis of the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J.

    1995-11-01

    The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) previously analyzed the probability of a catastrophic accident in the waste hoist of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and published the results in Greenfield (1990; EEG-44) and Greenfield and Sargent (1993; EEG-53). The most significant safety element in the waste hoist is the hydraulic brake system, whose possible failure was identified in these studies as the most important contributor in accident scenarios. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division has calculated the probability of an accident involving the brake system based on studies utilizing extensive fault tree analyses. This analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) used point estimates to describe the probability of failure and includes failure rates for the various components comprising the brake system. An additional controlling factor in the DOE calculations is the mode of operation of the brake system. This factor enters for the following reason. The basic failure rate per annum of any individual element is called the Event Probability (EP), and is expressed as the probability of failure per annum. The EP in turn is the product of two factors. One is the {open_quotes}reported{close_quotes} failure rate, usually expressed as the probability of failure per hour and the other is the expected number of hours that the element is in use, called the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes}. In many instances the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} will be the number of operating hours of the brake system per annum. However since the operation of the waste hoist system includes regular {open_quotes}reoperational check{close_quotes} tests, the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} for standby components is reduced in accordance with the specifics of the operational time table.

  9. Model Based Structural Evaluation & Design of Overpack Container for Bag-Buster Processing of TRU Waste Drums

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. T. Clark; A. S. Siahpush; G. L. Anderson

    2004-07-01

    This paper describes a materials and computational model based analysis utilized to design an engineered “overpack” container capable of maintaining structural integrity for confinement of transuranic wastes undergoing the cryo-vacuum stress based “Bag-Buster” process and satisfying DOT 7A waste package requirements. The engineered overpack is a key component of the “Ultra-BagBuster” process/system being commercially developed by UltraTech International for potential DOE applications to non-intrusively breach inner confinement layers (poly bags/packaging) within transuranic (TRU) waste drums. This system provides a lower cost/risk approach to mitigate hydrogen gas concentration buildup limitations on transport of high alpha activity organic transuranic wastes. Four evolving overpack design configurations and two materials (low carbon steel and 300 series stainless) were considered and evaluated using non-linear finite element model analyses of structural response. Properties comparisons show that 300-series stainless is required to provide assurance of ductility and structural integrity at both room and cryogenic temperatures. The overpack designs were analyzed for five accidental drop impact orientations onto an unyielding surface (dropped flat on bottom, bottom corner, side, top corner, and top). The first three design configurations failed the bottom and top corner drop orientations (flat bottom, top, and side plates breached or underwent material failure). The fourth design utilized a protruding rim-ring (skirt) below the overpack’s bottom plate and above the overpack’s lid plate to absorb much of the impact energy and maintained structural integrity under all accidental drop loads at both room and cryogenic temperature conditions. Selected drop testing of the final design will be required to confirm design performance.

  10. We Brake for Mars Hi! My name is Mike Meacham. I'm an engineer here at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    We Brake for Mars Hi! My name is Mike Meacham. I'm an engineer here at the Jet Propulsion a really big parachute. To make these large parachutes you have to test them before you go. You need a way've got to test big here on Earth. You got to be a little crazy sometimes if you want to do crazy things

  11. Non-smooth Chemical Freeze-out and Apparent Width of Wide Resonances and Quark Gluon Bags in a Thermal Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. A. Bugaev; A. I. Ivanytskyi; D. R. Oliinychenko; E. G. Nikonov; V. V. Sagun; G. M. Zinovjev

    2014-05-06

    Here we develop the hadron resonance gas model with the Gaussian width of hadron resonances. This model allows us to treat the usual hadrons and the quark gluon bags on the same footing and to study the stability of the results obtained within different formulations of the hadron resonance gas model. In this work we perform a successful fit of 111 independent hadronic multiplicity ratios measured for $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} $= 2.7- 200 GeV. We demonstrate that in a narrow range of collision energy $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 4.3-4.9 GeV there exist peculiar irregularities in various thermodynamic quantities found at chemical freeze-out. The most remarkable irregularity is an unprecedented jump of the number of effective degrees of freedom observed in this narrow energy range which is seen in all realistic versions of the hadron resonance gas model. Therefore, the developed concept is called the non-smooth chemical freeze-out. We are arguing that these irregularities evidence for the possible formation of quark gluon bags. In order to develop other possible signals of their formation here we study the apparent width of wide hadronic resonances and quark gluon bags in a thermal environment. Two new effects generated for the wide resonances and quark gluon bags by a thermal medium are discussed here: the near threshold thermal resonance enhancement and the near threshold thermal resonance sharpening. On the basis of the new effects we argue that the most optimistic chance to find experimentally the quark gluon bags may be related to their sharpening and enhancement in a thermal medium. In this case the wide quark gluon bags may appear directly or in decays as narrow resonances that are absent in the tables of elementary particles and that have the apparent width about 50-120 MeV and the mass about or above 2.5 GeV.

  12. UCT Practice Note (Finance) FND001_Oct11 Finance Department, UCT, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa Page 1 of 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    UCT Practice Note (Finance) FND001_Oct11 Finance Department, UCT, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701 as to the finance department's policy relating to the payment/reimbursement of personal professional subscription fees of recognised accounting bodies. Scope This applies to finance department staff who, in line

  13. UCT Finance Policies and Procedures PAY005_May14 Finance Department, UCT, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    UCT Finance Policies and Procedures PAY005_May14 Finance Department, UCT, Private Bag X3, is R400 per month. The Executive Director of Finance must authorise all exceptions on the motivation of the HOD. If this is required, please complete FM041 Request for Exception to Finance Policy. A copy

  14. UCT Finance Policies & Procedures pur002_pcard.docx Finance Department, UCT, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa Page 1 of 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    UCT Finance Policies & Procedures pur002_pcard.docx Finance Department, UCT, Private Bag and research university, educating for life and addressing the challenges facing our society." Finance Policy of Departments, Faculty/PASS finance managers, Deans/Executive Directors Additional information PCard procedures

  15. The Journal of Neuroscience, April 1993, 13(4): 1666-1700 Bag Cell Extract Inhibits Tail-Siphon Withdrawal Reflex, Suppresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, John H.

    The Journal of Neuroscience, April 1993, 13(4): 1666-1700 Bag Cell Extract Inhibits Tail-Siphon- tified BCP, on both the tail-siphon withdrawal reflex and the ability of that reflex to exhibit together, these results suggest a novel behavioral modification attributed to BCPs, inhibition of the tail-siphon

  16. The phase diagram of QCD in a BAG+HRG based equation of state: appearance of a pseudo-critical point

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partha Pratim Bhaduri; Victor Roy; A. K. Chaudhuri

    2011-01-25

    Mapping the QCD phase boundary and locating critical end point still remains as an open problem in strong interaction physics. Predictions about the co-ordinates of the critical point in the $(T, \\mu_B)$ plane, from different QCD motivated models show a wide variation. Lattice QCD calculations are also available, that give an estimation of the critical point for chiral phase transition, where the transition changes its nature from rapid cross over to first order transition. Recently co-ordinates of the critical point for deconfinement phase transition are claimed to be found as an endpoint of the first order phase transition line, in Bag model scenario. In the present paper we have shown that Bag model gives a complete first order phase transition line in the $(T, \\mu_B)$ plane, and one can not have any point where the transition changes its nature.

  17. Brown Bag Teaching Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    When the department chooses a new Head (roughly, every five years), ... c) Certification and licensure examinations d) External accreditation reports e) ...

  18. Art Cellar: The non-profit supply & bookstore inside the Minneapolis College of Art & Design: WAM member visitors are offered a free tote bag when they visit the Art Cellar (limit to one per household). Call 612.874.3775.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Art Cellar: The non-profit supply & bookstore inside the Minneapolis College of Art & Design: WAM member visitors are offered a free tote bag when they visit the Art Cellar (limit to one per household Boulevard, St. Paul, MN 55102 Soo Visual Arts Center: WAM members receive $5 off any level of membership

  19. Upper and lower limits on the Crab pulsar's astrophysical parameters set from gravitational wave observations by LIGO: braking index and energy considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Santostasi

    2008-07-16

    The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory (LIGO) has recently reached the end of its fifth science run (S5), having collected more than a year worth of data. Analysis of the data is still ongoing but a positive detection of gravitational waves, while possible, is not realistically expected for most likely sources. This is particularly true for what concerns gravitational waves from known pulsars. In fact, even under the most optimistic (and not very realistic) assumption that all the pulsar's observed spin-down is due to gravitational waves, the gravitational wave strain at earth from all the known isolated pulsars (with the only notable exception of the Crab pulsar) would not be strong enough to be detectable by existing detectors. By August 2006, LIGO had produced enough data for a coherent integration capable to extract signal from noise that was weaker than the one expected from the Crab pulsar's spin-down limit. No signal was detected, but beating the spin-down limit is a considerable achievement for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC). It is customary to translate the upper limit on strain from a pulsar into a more astrophysically significant upper limit on ellipticity. Once the spin-down limit has been beaten, it is possible to release the constraint that all the spin-down is due to gravitational wave emission. A more complete model with diverse braking mechanisms can be used to set limits on several astrophysical parameters of the pulsar. This paper shows possible values of such parameters for the Crab pulsar given the current limit on gravitational waves from this neutron star.

  20. Master Thesis High torque, high impact braking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    to add a break in each actuated joint, so it is not necesary to wasted energy during the stoped time to any sort of actuator, e.g., hidraulic, electric, . . . Even though they have been deeply studied

  1. Cyber Academic Group Brown Bag Guest Lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted SCADA, substation, plant control system, and water systems vulnerability Applied Control Solutions, LLC. The State of Cyber Security in Industrial Control Systems 1200 This talk will explore control system cyber security, how is it different than

  2. CSMRI Bagged Soil Disposal Summary Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiological Instrumentation Calibration Records Appendix D Truck Manifests, Weigh Tickets, and Incoming/Outgoing Radiological Surveys Appendix E Truck Departure Record Forms Appendix F Final Radiological Surveys of Trucks (Stoller 2005b). The soil was loaded into trucks and shipped to BFI Foothills facility under the Stoller

  3. GROUP 1 B INSECTICIDE (Water Soluble Bags)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    , and A respirator with an organic-vapor cartridge with a prefilter approved for pesticides (MSHA/NIOSH approval), or a NIOSH-approved respirator with an organic vapor (OV) cartridge or canister with any N, R or P or He

  4. SQU Professor Bags Distinguished Arab Researcher Award

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    applications, materials for high energy products, batteries, solar cells and others. The Association of Arab, magnetic, resistance to corrosion, and to cut the energy cost, the preparation cost and save Academy in Denmark and Alhuraa University in the Netherlands, are outside of the Arab world. Members

  5. Hanford Beryllium Awareness Group (BAG) - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSCGrid-based29Hai Ah Nam HaiHAB and

  6. Operating Systems Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogliolo, Alessandro

    by the environment" 4 Introduction (2) ¿ Examples of real-time systems: ¿ plant control ¿ control of production systems ¿ space missions ¿ household appliances ¿ virtual / augmented reality #12;3 5 Introduction (3 of application: ¿ Automotive: · power-train control, air-bag control, steer by wire, brake by wire ¿ Aircraft

  7. Fuzzy Throttle And Brake Control For Platoons Of Smart Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Dickerson, J.; Kosko, B.

    1995-01-01

    for Platoons of Smart Cars,” in Fuzzy Sets, Neural Networks,The hardware on the test car had limited memory and usedclosing rate between the cars. The spike at 15 seconds shows

  8. Why Brake-By-Wire (BBW) ? Advantages of BBW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    Central Bearing Planetary Gear Bearing Planetary Gear Stator Rotor Bearing Motor Revolver Revolver Bearing Force Sensor Cap Nut (Carrier) Spindle Planetary Rollers Internal Gear Sun Gear Pressure Pin Holder Pads Planetary Gear Objective Development of a Reference Model to Interrogate Dynamic Behaviors

  9. Modeling of air brakes for onboard diagnostics of heavy trucks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kankanala, Penchala N

    2000-01-01

    Accidents involving commercial vehicles have disastrous consequences; most of the times they result in human fatalities, environmental damage, traffic congestion leading to fuel wastage and associated productivity losses. Moreover, with the rapid...

  10. Brake System Analysis, Reliability Testing And Control Using Bench Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Z.; Yang, B.

    1997-01-01

    Hydraulic Module The function of AHM is to provide an input force to vacuumVacuum pump failure' a) complete loss of vaczum b) partial loss 2) Auxiliary hydraulichydraulic pump for actuator Software failure due to wrong inputs leading to controller failure Reduction in effective vacuum

  11. ORNL/Pub40701 Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1 are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) representatives specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does

  12. Daimler's SuperTruck Program; 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents highlights of engine and vehicle advances made, and progress towards achieving aggressive goals

  13. Compression Braking for Longitudinal Control of Commercial Heavy Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moklegaard, Lasse; Druzhinina, Maria; Stefanopoulou, Anna G.

    2001-01-01

    i g i t a l Simulation of Turbocharged Diesel Engines UnderN . 1984. Dynamic Turbocharged Diesel Engine Simulator forMoskwa. J. J. 1995. Turbocharged Diesel Engine Modeling for

  14. Scheduling concurrent bag-of-tasks applications on heterogeneous platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchal, Loris

    to select which resources to enroll before initiating the computation [4], [5]. Anne Benoit is with ENS Lyon, University of Lyon, and LIP Loris Marchal is with CNRS, University of Lyon, and LIP Jean-Franc¸ois Pineau is with ENS Lyon, University of Lyon, and LIP Yves Robert is with ENS Lyon, University of Lyon, and LIP Fr

  15. Dark matter and dark energy from quark bag model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brilenkov, Maxim; Eingorn, Maxim; Jenkovszky, Laszlo; Zhuk, Alexander E-mail: maxim.eingorn@gmail.com E-mail: ai.zhuk2@gmail.com

    2013-08-01

    We calculate the present expansion of our Universe endowed with relict colored objects — quarks and gluons — that survived hadronization either as isolated islands of quark-gluon ''nuggets'' or spread uniformly in the Universe. In the first scenario, the QNs can play the role of dark matter. In the second scenario, we demonstrate that uniform colored objects can play the role of dark energy providing the late-time accelerating expansion of the Universe.

  16. PLEASE JOIN US! NANOSCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY BROWN BAG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Society Distinguished Lecturer presenting Nanotechnology in Chemical and Bio Sensor Systems Abstract: There are strong research programs in nanotechnology related to chemical sensors, electromechanical devices nanotube based chemical and biosensors will be presented. The chemical sensor is a simple interdigitated

  17. Learning Hierarchical Bag of Words using Naive Bayes Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    hierarchical models [12] use simple building blocks such as a logistic function to learn complex overall models in these models is that they need real-valued inputs at each layer in the hierarchy and hence the traditional BoW approaches that generate a large number of discrete symbols at lower levels can- not be naturally

  18. Macmillan Brown Library, University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800, Christchurch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    of the University's Documentary Archives, Photographic, Architectural Drawings, and Art Collections. All requests and postal orders. Photocopying / Reference Copies from the Documentary Archives, Photograph, and Art for copying. NZ WORLD Books, Periodicals, Newspapers $40 $80 TV, Film, Video $60 $120 Book Covers $150 $350

  19. Algebraen og talteorien bag o entlig n gle kryptering og

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Johan P.

    Univsersitet #12; Indhold Indledning 1 Kapitel 1. St#28;rste f#26;lles divisor 3 Euklids algoritme 3 Afvikling af eksempler 3 Analyse af Euklids algoritme 4 Bezouts identitet 5 Kapitel 2. Primtal 7 Aritmetikkens. For store tal er det sv#26;rt umiddelbart at #12;nde den st#28;rste f#26;lles divisor. Euklids algoritme

  20. AVCEM: Advanced Vehicle Cost and Energy Use Model. Overview of AVCEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01

    accounted separately), regenerative braking, battery thermalthere is no regenerative braking, and vehicle efficiency,iterative calculations. Regenerative braking is represented

  1. AVCEM: Advanced-Vehicle Cost and Energy Use Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01

    accounted separately), regenerative braking, battery thermalthere is no regenerative braking, and vehicle efficiency,iterative calculations. Regenerative braking is represented

  2. Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

    2010-01-01

    capability and thus regenerative braking performancecapability and thus regenerative braking performanceaccept all the regenerative braking energy. This paper is

  3. High-reliability computing for the smarter planet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, Heather M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Graham, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Manuzzato, Andrea [UNIV OF PADOVA; Dehon, Andre [UNIV OF PENN; Carter, Nicholas [INTEL CORPORATION

    2010-01-01

    The geometric rate of improvement of transistor size and integrated circuit performance, known as Moore's Law, has been an engine of growth for our economy, enabling new products and services, creating new value and wealth, increasing safety, and removing menial tasks from our daily lives. Affordable, highly integrated components have enabled both life-saving technologies and rich entertainment applications. Anti-lock brakes, insulin monitors, and GPS-enabled emergency response systems save lives. Cell phones, internet appliances, virtual worlds, realistic video games, and mp3 players enrich our lives and connect us together. Over the past 40 years of silicon scaling, the increasing capabilities of inexpensive computation have transformed our society through automation and ubiquitous communications. In this paper, we will present the concept of the smarter planet, how reliability failures affect current systems, and methods that can be used to increase the reliable adoption of new automation in the future. We will illustrate these issues using a number of different electronic devices in a couple of different scenarios. Recently IBM has been presenting the idea of a 'smarter planet.' In smarter planet documents, IBM discusses increased computer automation of roadways, banking, healthcare, and infrastructure, as automation could create more efficient systems. A necessary component of the smarter planet concept is to ensure that these new systems have very high reliability. Even extremely rare reliability problems can easily escalate to problematic scenarios when implemented at very large scales. For life-critical systems, such as automobiles, infrastructure, medical implantables, and avionic systems, unmitigated failures could be dangerous. As more automation moves into these types of critical systems, reliability failures will need to be managed. As computer automation continues to increase in our society, the need for greater radiation reliability is necessary. Already critical infrastructure is failing too frequently. In this paper, we will introduce the Cross-Layer Reliability concept for designing more reliable computer systems.

  4. Prioritizing Climate Change Mitigation Alternatives: Comparing Transportation Technologies to Options in Other Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2008-01-01

    crops Full HEV (regenerative braking, battery-electricidle-off and limited regenerative braking Closing/covering

  5. Identifying Options for Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from California Transportation: Meeting an 80% Reduction Goal in 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; McCollum, David L; McCarthy, Ryan; Leighty, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    under low loads, and regenerative braking. Application ofthe entire fleet). Regenerative braking can improve energy

  6. Braking of Tearing Mode Rotation by Ferromagnetic Conducting Walls in Tokamaks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    the equilibrium magnetic field. Magnetic islands degrade plasma confinement because they enable heat and particles structures known as magnetic islands. Magnetic islands are radially localized struc- tures centered on so fast rotation, magnetic islands co-rotate with the plasma at their associated rational surfaces.10

  7. Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue

    2007-01-01

    stopping” of a 40 foot CNG bus for the Bus Precision Dockingfor two different 40 foot CNG buses (c1 and c2). Althoughpressure of two different CNG buses (c1 and c2) speeds since

  8. Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue

    2007-01-01

    IEEE/ASME Trans. on Mechatronics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 79–91,Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), Italy, 2001. [21

  9. ORNL/TTG/BWPT/PVS/Rev5 Performance-Based Brake Tester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) representatives specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does

  10. ORNL/TM-2011/479 Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) representatives specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does

  11. No Keplerian Disk >10 AU around the Protostar B335: Magnetic Braking or Young Age?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yen, Hsi-Wei; Koch, Patrick M; Aso, Yusuke; Koyamatsu, Shin; Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Ohashi, Nagayoshi

    2015-01-01

    We have conducted ALMA cycle 2 observations in the 1.3 mm continuum and in the C18O (2-1) and SO (5_6-4_5) lines at a resolution of ~0.3" toward the Class 0 protostar B335. The 1.3 mm continuum, C18O, and SO emission all show central compact components with sizes of ~40-180 AU within more extended components. The C18O component shows signs of infalling and rotational motion. By fitting simple kinematic models to the C18O data, the protostellar mass is estimated to be 0.05 Msun. The specific angular momentum, on a 100 AU scale, is ~4.3E-5 km/s*pc. A similar specific angular momentum, ~3E-5 to 5E-5 km/s*pc, is measured on a 10 AU scale from the velocity gradient observed in the central SO component, and there is no clear sign of an infalling motion in the SO emission. By comparing the infalling and rotational motion, our ALMA results suggest that the observed rotational motion has not yet reached Keplerian velocity neither on a 100 AU nor even on a 10 AU scale. Consequently, the radius of the Keplerian disk in ...

  12. Longitudinal Control of Commercial Heavy Vehicles Equipped with Variable Compression Brake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moklegaard, Lasse; Druzhinina, Maria; Stefanopoulou, Anna G.

    2002-01-01

    tively converting the turbocharged diesel engine, t h a tvalve of the vehicle's turbocharged diesel engine using avalve of the vehicle's turbocharged diesel engine using a

  13. Fault tolerant control of automatically controlled vehicles in response to brake system failures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsien, Li-Wei

    1998-01-01

    Increasing highway traffic congestion and high cost of ics. building new highways have brought out a renewed design of an Automated Highway System (AHS). Since safety is an important issue in the development of an AHS, ...

  14. Climate and Transportation Solutions: Findings from the 2009 Asilomar Conference on Transportation and Energy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel; Cannon, James S.

    2010-01-01

    ef?ciency through regenerative braking. The development of aincluding start/stop with regenerative braking, combustioneffects of regenerative braking. Since the acceleration term

  15. Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

    2006-01-01

    coasting through regenerative braking. Second, by downsizingrecharge the battery. Regenerative braking and coasting Onehybrid that uses regenerative braking and some electric

  16. The Rise of Electric Two-wheelers in China: Factors for their Success and Implications for the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.

    2007-01-01

    management system. Regenerative braking too many products,60V battery systems and regenerative braking. Two companiessell E2Ws with regenerative braking systems. Innovation in

  17. Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles Using Supercapacitors: Device Characteristics, Control Strategies, and Simulation Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

    2010-01-01

    the capture of regenerative braking energy, which willand frequent capture of regenerative braking energy, thethe stack and the regenerative braking energy and provide a

  18. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2012-01-01

    Improvement from Regenerative Braking on the Copper Electriccomponents. The use of regenerative braking can also have aeasier to add regenerative braking capability, particularly

  19. Transportation and its Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    electrical energy if regenerative braking is available (seerecharged only by regenerative braking and engine charging,systems, store regenerative braking energy and to operate

  20. Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

    2009-01-01

    decelerating through regenerative braking. In the hybridvehicle through regenerative braking. The remaining energya narrow range, such that regenerative braking energy can be

  1. Brown Bag Lunch Tuesday, October 23, 12:15-1:15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to secure your rights as an author. Tea, coffee and cake will be available. In conjunction with Open Access and Green OA OA Factsheet 3: World of Open Access Publishing OA Factsheet 4: Open Access Mandates OA

  2. Experimenting Liver Fibrosis Diagnostic by Two Photon Excitation Microscopy and Bag-of-Features Image Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanciu, Stefan G.

    The accurate staging of liver fibrosis is of paramount importance to determine the state of disease progression, therapy responses, and to optimize disease treatment strategies. Non-linear optical microscopy techniques ...

  3. Veterans and STEM Mentoring Programs- Info Session and Brown Bag Networking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    January is National Mentoring Month. Join the Veterans Mentoring Program and the STEM Mentoring Program at DOE for information distribution and networking to meet current and potential mentors and...

  4. 70 K. C Park et a1 The electroantennogram (BAG) has been a useful tool for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    compounds In any of these assessments, however, the amount of odourant blowing onto the antenna has rarely kept in a freezer at glass capillary (0 86mm

  5. Effect of Electric Arc Furnace Bag House Dust on Concrete Durability Researcher: Fahad Al-Mutlaq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    benefits since they allow partial substitution of Portland cement clinker, which has high CO2. corrosion of reinforcing steel. #12;Since rates of ingress of aggressive agents such as Cl , CO2 etc. from environmental conditions, as high levels of chloride combined with large diurnal temperature ranges and high

  6. Bag-of-Visual-Words Models for Adult Image Classification and Filtering Thomas Deselaers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deselaers, Thomas

    types of images are allowed. In the literature, different porn image filtering tech- niques were features for porn image classification are pre- sented and used in a retrieval/nearest neighbour clas model to discriminate between different classes of content-type. 2 Porn Image Identification For porn

  7. Beyond the skin bag: on the moral responsibility of extended agencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2009-03-01

    The growing prominence of computers in contemporary life, often seemingly with minds of their own, invites rethinking the question of moral responsibility. If the moral responsibility for an act lies with the subject that carried it out, it follows...

  8. Distinction between handwritten and machine-printed text based on the bag of visual words model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantinos Zagoris a,b,n , Ioannis Pratikakis a , Apostolos Antonacopoulos b , Basilis Gatos c , Nikos

  9. Handwritten and Machine Printed Text Separation in Document Images using the Bag of Visual Words Paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paradigm Konstantinos Zagoris1,2 , Ioannis Pratikakis2 , Apostolos Antonacopoulos1 , Basilis Gatos3 , Nikos

  10. Oxidation of NO in Sample Bags to Yield NO2 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. 2006deershah.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  11. Geek-Up[08.20.10] -- Turning Trash Bags into Battery Anodes and Researching

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive Compensation References: FARWashers |Gamma-Ray Loggingthe Gut

  12. Kwangjin Lee J. R. Barber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barber, James R.

    Kwangjin Lee J. R. Barber Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University Instability in Automotive Disk Brakes Under a Drag Brake Application Thermoelastic instability in an automotive disk brake system is investigated exper- imentally underdrag braking conditions. The onset

  13. Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy

    2009-01-01

    recharged during regenerative braking. With these two modes,energy during regenerative braking. In the Honda system, the

  14. Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2008-01-01

    generator or from regenerative braking and uses the energya generator and from regenerative braking, and passes energy

  15. Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

    2008-01-01

    energy through regenerative braking. In contrast, PHEVs canfrom a stop, and regenerative braking—signaled to HEV owners

  16. DESIGNMODELOFAVACUUM-ASSISTED7 HYDRAULICBRAKINGSYSTEM8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    ;DESIGN MODEL OF A VACUUM-ASSISTED HYDRAULIC BRAKING SYSTEM Ramprasad S. Krishnamachari Graduate Student hydraulic brake system is one of the common brake systems used in cars. Shown in Fig. 1 is a typical vacuum cylinders To hand brake brake lines Fig. 1 Vacuum assisted hydraulic brake system The difference

  17. This paper presents a new actuation approach which combines the use of brakes, springs and mini motors to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and mini motors to produce a safer and more energy efficient way to drive haptic devices. The applications which can only be powered by limited energy sources such as small batteries. This work also addresses Introduction The continuing emergence of computer haptics for train- ing, industrial and entertainment

  18. Acceleration of Type 2 Spicules in the Solar Chromosphere - 2: Viscous Braking and Upper Bounds on Coronal Energy Input

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Michael L

    2014-01-01

    A magnetohydrodynamic model is used to determine conditions under which the Lorentz force accelerates plasma to type 2 spicule speeds in the chromosphere. The model generalizes a previous model to include a more realistic pre-spicule state, and the vertical viscous force. Two cases of acceleration under upper chromospheric conditions are considered. The magnetic field strength for these cases is ~ this energy. Compressive heating dominates during the early phase of acceleration. The maximum energy injected into the corona by type 2 spicules, defined as the energy flux in the upper chromosphere, may largely balance total coronal energy losses in quiet regions, possibly also in coronal holes, but not in active regions. It is proposed that magnetic flux emergence in inter-granular regions drives type 2 spicules.

  19. 394 J. GUIDANCE, VOL. 20, NO. 2: ENGINEERING NOTES thrust-induced braking acceleration. Therefore, including air drag,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Tarunraj

    -pathanglemay be used as the independentvariableto obtaina single rst-orderequation,viz., dv d� D f1.�/v C f2.�/v3 (6) where f1.�/ D ® cosec� ¡ cot� (7a) f2.�/ D ¯ cosec� (7b) Equation(6) is a form of Bernoulli by v.�/¡2 D ·exp ¡2 f1 d� ´ ¡ 2exp ¡2 f1d� ´ £ exp 2 f1 d� ´ f2 d� (8) Evaluatingthe integralsand

  20. A Time Optimization Algorithm for Scheduling Bag-of-Task Applications in Auction-based Proportional Share Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    P) network technologies enable aggregation of distributed resources for solv- ing large-to-peer (P2P) [10] network tech- nologies enable aggregation of distributed resources for solving large Share Systems Anthony Sulistio and Rajkumar Buyya Grid Computing and Distributed Systems (GRIDS

  1. A Time Optimization Algorithm for Scheduling Bag-of-Task Applications in Auction-based Proportional Share Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    -to-peer (P2P) network technologies enable aggregation of distributed resources for solv- ing large-to-peer (P2P) [11] network tech- nologies enable aggregation of distributed resources for solving large Share Systems Anthony Sulistio and Rajkumar Buyya Grid Computing and Distributed Systems (GRIDS

  2. Optimization of warehouse operations and transport risk mitigation for disposable bioreactor bags to support launch of Amgen Singapore Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Maxine

    2015-01-01

    A strategic imperative for Amgen is to increase the number of patients that have access to the company's lifesaving medicines. As part of this goal, Amgen is launching a new manufacturing site in Singapore (ASM). Reliability ...

  3. Fairytale Cynicism in the Kingdom of Plastic Bags: Mapping Power and Powerlessness in Chelnochovsk-na-Dniestre, Ukraine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blank, Diana R.

    2003-01-01

    Chelnochovsk-na-Dniestre, Ukraine Diana R. Blank Berkeley PChelnochovsk-na-Dniestre, Ukraine Diana R. Blank Spring 2003emerging ethnography on Ukraine is based, and perhaps, in

  4. Phosphorus and Other Nutrient Disappearance from Plants Containing Condensed Tannins Using In Situ and Mobile Nylon Bag Techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagan Riestra, Suzika

    2011-02-22

    (Amanda Acero, Rachel Allphin, Yara S?nchez, Mariana Olmedo, Bel?n Valdovinos, Ver?nica Ancona, Walter Vargas, Marcelo Gonz?lez and members of the Puerto Rican Student Association) for making my time at College Station and Stephenville a great...

  5. Packing checklist A carry-on bag with an extra set of field clothing, field shoes/ or sneakers, prescriptions, travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    , personal toiletries, hand sanitizers, sunscreens, insect repellants, camp chair etc. Bring notebooks, you

  6. Sensor-Friendly Freeways: Investigation of Progressive Roadway Changes to Facilitate Deployment of AHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misener, James A.; Griffiths, Paul; Johnson, Lee; Segal, Andy

    2001-01-01

    three potential systems: Light Emitting Diode Brake Lightthree potential systems: Light Emitting Diode Brake Lightfrom a vehicle. Light Emitting Diode Brakelight Messaging

  7. Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) for Truck Platooning: Operational Concept Alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowakowski, Christopher; Shladover, Steven E; Lu, Xiao-Yun; Thompson, Deborah; Kailas, Aravind

    2015-01-01

    truck attributes of engine performance, weight and braking performance, or aerodynamics.trucks within the CACC string to be ordered by weight and braking performance, engine performance, aerodynamics,

  8. Final report for CCS cross-layer reliability visioning study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, Heather M; Dehon, Andre; Carter, Nicj

    2010-12-20

    The geometric rate of improvement of transistor size and integrated circuit performance known as Moore's Law has been an engine of growth for our economy, enabling new products and services, creating new value and wealth, increasing safety, and removing menial tasks from our daily lives. Affordable, highly integrated components have enabled both life-saving technologies and rich entertainment applications. Anti-lock brakes, insulin monitors, and GPS-enabled emergency response systems save lives. Cell phones, internet appliances, virtual worlds, realistic video games, and mp3 players enrich our lives and connect us together. Over the past 40 years of silicon scaling, the increasing capabilities of inexpensive computation have transformed our society through automation and ubiquitous communications. Looking forward, increasing unpredictability threatens our ability to continue scaling integrated circuits at Moore's Law rates. As the transistors and wires that make up integrated circuits become smaller, they display both greater differences in behavior among devices designed to be identical and greater vulnerability to transient and permanent faults. Conventional design techniques expend energy to tolerate this unpredictability by adding safety margins to a circuit's operating voltage, clock frequency or charge stored per bit. However, the rising energy costs needed to compensate for increasing unpredictability are rapidly becoming unacceptable in today's environment where power consumption is often the limiting factor on integrated circuit performance and energy efficiency is a national concern. Reliability and energy consumption are both reaching key inflection points that, together, threaten to reduce or end the benefits of feature size reduction. To continue beneficial scaling, we must use a cross-layer, Jull-system-design approach to reliability. Unlike current systems, which charge every device a substantial energy tax in order to guarantee correct operation in spite of rare events, such as one high-threshold transistor in a billion or one erroneous gate evaluation in an hour of computation, cross-layer reliability schemes make reliability management a cooperative effort across the system stack, sharing information across layers so that they only expend energy on reliability when an error actually occurs. Figure 1 illustrates an example of such a system that uses a combination of information from the application and cheap architecture-level techniques to detect errors. When an error occurs, mechanisms at higher levels in the stack correct the error, efficiently delivering correct operation to the user in spite of errors at the device or circuit levels. In the realms of memory and communication, engineers have a long history of success in tolerating unpredictable effects such as fabrication variability, transient upsets, and lifetime wear using information sharing, limited redundancy, and cross-layer approaches that anticipate, accommodate, and suppress errors. Networks use a combination of hardware and software to guarantee end-toend correctness. Error-detection and correction codes use additional information to correct the most common errors, single-bit transmission errors. When errors occur that cannot be corrected by these codes, the network protocol requests re-transmission of one or more packets until the correct data is received. Similarly, computer memory systems exploit a cross-layer division of labor to achieve high performance with modest hardware. Rather than demanding that hardware alone provide the virtual memory abstraction, software page-fault and TLB-miss handlers allow a modest piece of hardware, the TLB, to handle the common-case operations on a cyc1e-by-cycle basis while infrequent misses are handled in system software. Unfortunately, mitigating logic errors is not as simple or as well researched as memory or communication systems. This lack of understanding has led to very expensive solutions. For example, triple-modular redundancy masks errors by triplicating computations in either time or area. T

  9. Design Principles of a flywheel Regenerative Braking System (f-RBS) for Formula SAE type racecar and system testing on a Virtual Test Rig modeled on MSC ADAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pochiraju, Anirudh

    2012-08-31

    to these advantages, flywheels are being used for Energy storage in various applications some of which are: 1. Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) systems [5, 18]. 2. Grid energy systems like the Beacon Flywheel Power Storage Plant in Stephentown, New York [19]. 3... for Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) systems, grid power storage requirements and pulse power requirements. In comparison, the application of FES in the field of transportation has been more of a recent phenomenon. Safety issues with rotating steel flywheels...

  10. Performance of Networked Control Systems under Sporadic Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemmon, Michael

    Regenerative Braking power inverter storage Micro-Grid Renewable Generation PHEV Smart Grid - Distributed

  11. University of Toronto Scaffolds Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    , maintenance and dismantling; Scaffolds equipped with castors or wheels must have a braking device on each

  12. Development of Dual-Fuel Engine for Class 8 Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Highlights roadmap towards 55% brake thermal efficiency and progress to meet engine development goals

  13. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2007-01-01

    brake cleaners, carburetor and choke cleaners, and enginecleaners, carburetor cleaners, choke cleaners, and engine

  14. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01

    brake  cleaners, carburetor and choke cleaners, and engine cleaners, carburetor cleaners, choke cleaners, and engine 

  15. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2008-01-01

    brake cleaners, carburetor and choke cleaners, and enginecleaners, carburetor cleaners, choke cleaners, and engine

  16. Journal of Power Sources 210 (2012) 286291 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Craig B.

    2012-01-01

    solar and wind sys- tems and regenerative braking in cars. New battery chemistries and control systems

  17. 194 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 56, NO. 1, JANUARY 2009 PWM Method to Eliminate Power Sources in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    unidirectional if the machine is not using regenerative braking. In this paper, these nine power supplies

  18. n CAPABILITY STATEMENT Centre for Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    , control systems, battery charging, battery capacity indication, regenerative braking. Modelling of wear

  19. Computation of Optimal Current References for Flux-weakening of Multi-Phase Synchronous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the start-stop concept, a regenerative braking and torque assistance. The torque boost makes possible

  20. SOC/SIP for energy management Bernard COURTOIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    consumption with stop-start, with the use of electrical power for acceleration, with regenerative braking

  1. Vehicle System Dynamics 0042-3114/01/3602-179$16.00 2001, Vol. 36, No. 23, pp. 179201 # Swets & Zeitlinger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    engine model of a six cylinder, 350 Hp turbocharged diesel engine, equipped with a compression brake

  2. Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007) 49084919 Particle size and composition distribution analysis of automotive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    of automotive brake abrasion dusts for the evaluation of antimony sources of airborne particulate matter Akihiro

  3. High Energy pp Elastic Scattering in Condensate Enclosed Chiral Bag Model and TOTEM Elastic Measurements at LHC at 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. M. Islam; R. J. Luddy

    2013-10-28

    We study high energy $\\small{\\rm{pp}}$ and $\\small{\\rm{\\bar {p}p}}$ elastic scattering in the TeV region based on an effective field theory model of the proton. We phenomenologically investigate the main processes underlying elastic scattering and quantitatively describe the measured elastic d$\\small{\\sigma}$/dt at energies 7.0 TeV (LHC $\\small{\\rm{pp}}$), 1.96 TeV (Tevatron $\\small{\\rm{\\bar {p}p}}$), and 0.630 TeV (SPS $\\small{\\rm{\\bar {p}p}}$). Finally, we give our prediction for $\\small{\\rm{pp}}$ elastic d$\\small{\\sigma}$/dt at 14 TeV that will be measured by the TOTEM Collaboration.

  4. Sierra Designs 20 degrees F Wild Bill Climashield Sleeping Bag ClimashieldTM HL, a high-loft continuous filament insulation, offers excellent thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    -loft continuous filament insulation, offers excellent thermal efficiency, durability and water resistance Chest

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 38, NO. 3, JUNE 2008 771 Bagging and Boosting Negatively

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 38, NO. 3, JUNE 2008 for the Promotion of Sciences (JSPS). The work of X. Yao was supported in part by the Engineering and Physical Editor N. Chawla. M. M. Islam is with the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technol- ogy (BUET

  6. The conversion of biomass to ethanol and microbial biomass protein 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reshamwala, Sultan

    1994-01-01

    , Azotobacter vinelandii resulting in 15% crude protein (CP, dry substrate basis) for AFEX-treated BAG, a 300% increase over untreated, Pchrysosporium inoculated, BAG (5% CP). AFEX-treated BAG was also hydrolyzed by commercial enzymes followed by A. vine...

  7. Iron Cycling and Redox Evolution in the Precambrian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planavsky, Noah John

    2012-01-01

    a Teflon bag using a hydraulic press. Rock chips were rinseda polypropylene bag using a hydraulic press. The resultingTeflon bag using a hydraulic press. Rock chips were cleaned

  8. Sampling Report for Parent Drum S855793

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    bags). The final outer bag will be decontaminated to free-release levels and a self-adhesive TID will be placed on the outer bag. The innermost container is expected to have...

  9. Lateral control of articulated vehicles for automated highway systems under uncertainty in vehicle parameters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daud, Omar

    1998-01-01

    is first developed and then the steering controller is augmented with an independent braking controller which provides differential torque for directly controlling the trailer yaw motion by applying unilateral tire braking on the trailer rear wheels...

  10. Energy Management System for an Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Using Ultracapacitors and Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    from regenerative braking, or with scarce power capacity for fast acceleration. The experimental HEV to accept energy from regenerative braking. For this reason, hybrid systems use an auxiliary energy system

  11. 614 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 53, NO. 2, APRIL 2006 Energy-Management System for a Hybrid Electric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    with a poor ability to recover energy from a regenerative braking, or with a scarce power capacity for a fast batteries, are unable to accept energy from the regen- erative braking. For this reason, these vehicles may

  12. 1642 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2013 Minimal-Energy Driving Strategy for High-Speed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Lang

    , including the extended speed range, energy efficiency, and regenerative braking. Based on this model, train the regenerative brake to feed back the kinetic energy, etc. On the other hand, a proper driving strategy can also

  13. 12,000 MILE / ANNUAL VEHICLE SAFETY INSPECTON CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Eric J.

    transmission fluid Inspect brake linings for wear and wheel cylinders for signs of leakage Inspect brake lines, including; radiator core, freeze plugs, hoses and water pump Inspect suspension system, tie rod ends

  14. Motion planning for 3D Navier Stokes equations and stability of nonholonomic source seeking algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochran, Jennie Eleanor

    2008-01-01

    control of a tunable thermoacoustic cooler,” IEEE Trans.braking systems, [48] in thermoacoustic coolers, and [88] in

  15. Heavy-duty H2-Diesel Dual Fuel Engines

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Brake thermal efficiency can be improved with the addition of a large amount of hydrogen at medium to high loads

  16. EDITED BY CAROLINE ASH CREDITS(TOPTOBOTTOM):BURMANNETAL.;MATZELETAL.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leake, Mark C.

    , such as in regenerative braking in hybrid cars. For very small power requirements, capaci- tors have not been competitive

  17. ARES NW Power and Conservation Council Presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shortfall of power, due to high demand, energy supplied into the grid by regenerative braking of shuttle

  18. Bare knuckle and better technics: trajectories of access to safe water in history and in the global south

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben

    2007-01-01

    Financing Household Technology Plastic bag and wastelandplastic bottle) Point-of-use ?ltration Wireless information technology

  19. Chronopolis: Preserving our Digital Heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minor, David; Sutton, Don; Kozbial, Ardys; Burek, Michael; Smorul, Michael

    2009-01-01

    highly redundant data storage systems. Specifically, eachbetween differing storage systems. The BagIt specification

  20. A procedure assistant for astronauts in a functional programming architecture,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the small waste water bag."). Previewing steps; for example, "Read step three". Issuing spoken corrections

  1. Enclosed is a confirmation that indicates the camp session(s) in which you have enrolled your child, receipt of payment, location of registration, and check-in times. This Summer Sports Camp News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    only) GOLF Golf shoes, clubs, bag, umbrella, rain gear, towel, sunscreen, swimsuit, 2 dozen golf balls

  2. 48669Federal Register / Vol. 65, No. 154 / Wednesday, August 9, 2000 / Proposed Rules Type of motor vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vehicle Service Brake Systems Emergency brake sys- tems: applica- tion and brak- ing distance in feet from initial speed of 20 mph Braking force as a percent- age of gross vehicle or combination weight mph B. Property-carrying vehicles: (1) Single unit vehicles having a manufacturer's GVWR of 10

  3. ZEBRA plus ultracapacitors: A good match for energy efficient EVs Juan Dixon, Micah Ortzar, Eduardo Arcos and Ian Nakashima.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    to be improved for fast acceleration and good regenerative braking. With this purpose in mind, an ultra capacitor of batteries show reduced acceleration and reduced regenerative braking capability. One example of this kind be observed, the ZEBRA does not have a good specific power for braking and acceleration [2]. To improve

  4. Monitoring System for Testing the Performance of an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    , efficiency, state of charge, regenerative braking. 1. Introduction Ultracapacitors are a new technology, or fast charge during regenerative braking can be avoided with the help of ultracapacitors. Besides, ultracapacitors allow regenerative braking even when the batteries are fully charged. This paper describes

  5. DSP Based Ultracapacitor System for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles Juan W. Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    regenerative braking, or with scarce power capacity for fast acceleration. The ratings of the ultracapacitor, regenerative braking is disconnected from the main computer of the traction drive system, and the battery", "Regenerative Braking". 1. Introduction Throughout the years hybrid vehicles have proofed themselves the shorter

  6. Report on Fire Event Originated by Ultracapacitors in an Experimental Electric Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    and sudden battery discharge during acceleration, or fast charge during regenerative braking can be avoided with the help of ultracapacitors. Besides, ultracapacitors allow regenerative braking even when the batteries (acceleration and regeneration during braking). The Ultracapacitor Bank and Battery Pack were connected using

  7. female was exposed to them in turn. A female was placed in the centre of the female compartment within a plastic bag for 5 min, then released and the number and duration of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Eshel Ben

    ). Feeding responsiveness Fish were kept without food for 24 h in the presentation tank, then exposed to two fish kept in green plastic boxes (4 £ 2.5 £ 2.5 cm) with adjustable walls that enabled only their tails movement. Before each trial, a partition hid the presentation boxes from the focal fish. Stimuli fishwere

  8. A. Bag, W. Zhou, D. Taplin and E. S. Dwarakadasa, Fatigue Behaviour of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy and its Composite Reinforced with SiC, in Magnesium Technology 2000, eds. H. I. Kaplan, J. N. Hryn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Wei

    and its Composite Reinforced with SiC, in Magnesium Technology 2000, eds. H. I. Kaplan, J. N. Hryn and B

  9. An industrial hygiene survey of acetonitrile using a miniature quadrupole mass spectrometer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruss, Stacy M

    1999-01-01

    , the potential for worker exposure to acetonitrile vapors during the cleaning of a DNA-synthesizing process was demonstrated. Second, acetonitrile concentrations were measured from Tedlar bags filled in an organics-contaminated work environment and other bags...

  10. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brown Bag: Commercial Measure Review Part One When: Wednesday, October 21, 2015 Time: 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm PDT Description: Please join us for a Brown Bag on Commercial Measure...

  11. Cleaning procedure beakers # of times cleaning acid has been used (discard after 5x)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    the jars, store them in Ziploc bag or plastic bin Cleaning procedure centrifuge tubes # of times cleaning droplets 5 a large number are cleaned in advance, store them in a Ziploc bag with an appropriate label #12;#12;

  12. Name ___________________________________________ Soil, Water and Forage Testing Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and mix thoroughly. Package and label as described above. If a probe is not available, carefully collect bags, fertilizer bags, or feed sacks, as these containers may produce inaccurate results). Label sack

  13. CATCHER/PROCESSOR DCPL LONGLINE AND POT GEAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HAULED LOCATION OF SET BEGIN POSITION LATITUDE LONGITUDE Buoy or Bag # END POSITION LATITUDE LONGITUDE Buoy or Bag # BEGIN & END DEPTH (Fath.) IPHC OFFICE USE ONLY GEAR ID NUMBER OF SKATES OR POTS Set Lost

  14. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brown Bag: Lighting Program Updates When: Wednesday, August 19th, 2015 Time: 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm PDT Description: Join the BPA Lighting Team for an informative brown bag on the...

  15. 2006 Nature Publishing Group The twentieth century was the wettest period in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    synoptic fronts and catalyses the formation of meridional troughs in the jet stream (Rossby waves classification, two sites were classified as cold/moist (`Ram' and `Bag-high'), one as warm/dry (`Bag

  16. The Late Prehistoric Coastal Orange County Hokan Hypothesis: A Commentary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koerper, Henry C.; Mason, Roger D.

    2004-01-01

    a canvas bag containing "chia" seeds and red maids seeds andbag included "chia" and red maids seeds, two black seed

  17. Remerciements Nous remercions les orateurs et participants ERMITES 2013, et nous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamroukhi, Faicel

    in classification as an alternative to the popular Bag-of-Words (BOV) image representation. As in the BOV, images

  18. Large-scale image classification with trace-norm regularization Zaid Harchaoui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    embeddings [29]. Popular and efficient visual features include the low dimensional bag-of-visual- words (BOV

  19. A Facile Approach to a d4 RutN: Moiety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baik, Mu-Hyun

    automotive air bag industry;11 therefore, it is clearly essential that eq 1 possess a high barrier against

  20. Analysis of Auto Industry and Consumer Response to Regulations and Technological Change, and Customization of Consumer Response Models in Support of AB 1493 Rulemaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    of the Emerging Hybrid- Electric and Diesel Technologies toair bags, and hybrid electric vehicles in the US; and diesel

  1. GET THE LEAD OUT Prior to November 2008 many autoclave tape brands such as FisherBrand, 3M

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Songtao

    autoclave tape as hazardous waste. · Collect used pieces or tape roll in a ziplock bag · Affix a hazardous

  2. Hartz, fieldsafety, East Greenland 19-05-06 6 EXAMPLES OF WHAT TO BRING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartz, Ebbe

    personal washing gear sunscreen: skin and lips knife sunglasses 2 sleeping bags (-10oC) Pillow cover (fill

  3. built by airport authority for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    on landing 3.1.1.3.1.1.3 low weight on each main gear wheel 3.1.1.3.1.1.1.3 condition of RWY surface 3 between consequences of design and behaviour expected by pilots 3.1.1.3.2.2 braking systems' logical design 3.1.1.3.2 speed brakes and thrust reverser deployment delayed 3.1.1.3 braking delayed 3

  4. Internal Report 2013number July 2013 Universiteit Leiden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Michael

    retrieval algorithms are frequently based on the bag-of-visual- words (BoV) representation of images. The BoV information into the BoV representation. Our algorithm forms geometry-preserving visual phrases which . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Bibliography 47 #12;7 Glossary BOW Bag of words, algorithm for large scale text retrieval. BOV Bag

  5. USE OF FISH PRODUCTS IN BLUEBACK SALMON DIETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Side view of iron chink shows (at left) the shield built around the viscera grate and (lower center are pulling the polyethylene bag over the sack stand; a burlap bag (upper center) is then pulled over on the outside of the polyethylene bag. The completed containers are piled on the stand behind the man

  6. Commercial Fertilizers in 1949-50. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogier, T. L. (Thomas Louis); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

    1950-01-01

    Free Analysis of Fertilizers .............................................. 17 ...................................... Publications Dealing with the Use of Fertilizers 18 Analyses of Fertilizers, 1949... the following information to be printed on the bag or on a tag attached to the bag: Net weight of content of the bag. Name of fertilizer in full. Name and address of manufacturer, manipulator or guarantor. Guaranteed analysis (in the order given below...

  7. Commercial Fertilizers in 1948-49. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogier, T. L. (Thomas Louis); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

    1949-01-01

    ............................ 15 How to Secure Free Analysis of Fertilizers ........................................ 17 .................................... Publications Dealing with the Use of Fertilizers 17 Analyses of Fertilizers. 1948... requires the following information to be printed on the bag or on a tag attached to the bag: Net weight of content of the bag. Name of fertilizer in full. Name and address of manufacturer, manipulator or guarantor. Guaranteed analysis (in the order...

  8. Operating Experience Level 3, Lack of Familiarity with Infrequently...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in configurations where it was difficult to see and operate safety controls such as parking brake releases. Accordingly, this OE-3 document provides recommended actions for...

  9. Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

    2009-01-01

    regenerative braking, as do Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissionsconditions, the expected savings in fuel costs are notis whether the fuel cost savings over the lifetime of the

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF THE HELIUM-JET FED ONLINE MASS SEPARATOR RAMA AND ITS APPLICATION TO STUDIES OF Tz = -2 NUCLEI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moltz, D.M.

    2010-01-01

    CLUTCH/BRAKE ENERGIZED TO CONNECT ROTARY SOLENOID TO SHAFT.ROTARY SOLENOID ACTUATED ROTATING SHAFT 1 8 0 ° , STOPROTATION AND ALLOWING ROTARY SOLENOID TO RELAX, STOP ROD

  11. Exhaust Heat Driven Rankine Cycle for a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents progress to date and plans to develop a viable Rankine engine to harness useful brake power from wasted heat energy in heavy duty truck engine exhaust

  12. Microsoft PowerPoint - Advances_Fuller [Compatibility Mode

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to developing rear-end collisions Haptic warning provides short brake pulse which causes drivers to respond faster to imminent rear-end collisions "Always on" at speeds...

  13. The selection of mechanical actuators based on performance indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Norman A.

    . Huber, N. A. Fleck and M. F. Ashby Table 1. Typical applications of actuators aerospace automotive industrial equipment flight control surfaces braking automation equipment landing gear movement tappets

  14. Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Substantial increases in brake power and...

  15. Sensorless Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator-Based Wind urbines using a High-Order Sliding Mode Observer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Circuit Breaker Medium Voltage Switchgear Line Coupling Transformer Gear Pitch Drive Brake DFIGDFIG Frequency Converter Wind Turbine Control Main Circuit Breaker Medium Voltage Switchgear Line Coupling

  16. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Sandia MEMS passive shock sensor : FY08 design summary.","Walraven, Jeremy Allen; Baker, Michael Sean; Clemens, Rebecca C.; Mitchell, John Anthony; Brake, Matthew Robert; Epp,...

  17. Comparing Environmental Impacts of Additive Manufacturing vs. Traditional Machining via Life-Cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faludi, Jeremy; Bayley, Cindy; Bhogal, Suraj; Iribarne, Myles

    2014-01-01

    motor! is! similar! to! a! Baldor! 5.6kW! motor! weighing!specification! sheet,! Baldor! BM3710T! brake! motor. !!

  18. Sedimentary records of metal deposition in Japanese alpine lakes for the last 250 years: Recent enrichment of airborne Sb and In in East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    . Antimony is used in automobile brake pads, batteries, ceramics, glass, plastics, and flame retardants concentrations (Gebel, 1997), and In compounds are potentially pulmonary toxins, carcinogens, and teratogens

  19. Kwangjin Lee J. R. Barber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barber, James R.

    Kwangjin Lee J. R. Barber Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Ml 48109-2125 Frictionally Excited Thermoelastic Instability in Automotive Disk Brakes Thermoelastic instability in automotive disk brake systems is investigated focusing on the effect of a finite

  20. PROOF COPY 018405PHP Observation of tearing mode deceleration and locking due to eddy currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    to eddy currents induced in a conducting shell B. E. Chapman Department of Physics, University 6, 3878 1999 in which a braking torque originates from eddy currents induced by the rotating mode, eddy currents induced in the conducting shell surrounding the plasma exert a braking torque

  1. IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillespie, Brent

    , and light emitting diode brake- light messaging. These technologies all focus on improving the signal- ance, sensor, radar, fluorescence, light emitting diode. I. INTRODUCTION As a compromise between · Radar reflection-enhanced license plates · Vehicle-to-vehicle light emitting diode (LED) brake- light

  2. Implementation and Evaluation of an Ultracapacitor-Based Auxiliary Energy System for Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    (W/kg) for acceleration, and power reversal capability for regenerative braking [3, 4]. Most hybrid regenerative braking capability and better efficiency. These two energy storage devices can be connected System" (AES). The MES provides extended driving range and the AES good acceleration and regenerative

  3. Journal of Cleaner Production 13 (2005) 1931 www.elsevier.com/locate/jclepro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    as a lubricant in friction material. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed Sb in 3/3 disc brake pads (range 41 and products of service. Brake pads are true products of consumption, because they are released to biological be expec- ted to be increasingly used for cars. However, cars also contain some consumption parts

  4. PBBT Valuation Study Purpose PBBT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tester is a roller dynamometer that measures the efficiency of each brake on a vehicle. Brake efficiency: · Determine time savings afforded by using CMV Inspection Pit to conduct NAS Level- 1 inspections · Determine possible within an 8-hour shift when used in conjunction with a PBBT · Quantify time savings with using

  5. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the emission sources fuel consumption, engine oil, tyre wear, brake wear and road abrasion. The emission metals, road transport, fuel consumption, engine oil, tyre wear, brake wear, road abra- sion Layout: Ann.1 Metal content in fuels 15 2.2 Heavy metal emissions from fuel consumption 17 2.3 Engine oil and engine

  6. Reinforcement There is no programmer for the brain but instead it can guess programs that are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Dana H.

    of these involve physical behaviors wherein the body is directed to do something. Consider making a cup of tea a tea bag put the tea bag in the cup when the water is boiling, fill the cup discard the tea bag add coded in some way. Then this recipe for tea-making would be carried out by the body. But how do we come

  7. STY-WET-TAN GREAT HALL USAGE GUIDELINES GUIDELINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    products Compostable plates Coffee grounds & filters Tea bags Wood chopsticks AND WINDOWS ARE CLOSED AFTER AN EVENT. 5. REMOVE ALL CARDBOARD BOXES TO THE GREEN

  8. Scientific Opportunities and Challenges in the Upgraded National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    retain the right to inspect vehicles and personal packages, such as briefcases, satchels, book bags, and purses. Learn More Fusion energy Fusion reactor design NSTX-U Tokamaks...

  9. HMSC Sustainability Committee Meeting Minutes: March 3, 2009/ by J. Mullen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will be placing these at locations in RSF, NAL, BFB. Plastic bags can be taken to Newport Safeway or Fred Meyers

  10. X-RAY SPECTRAL COMPONENTS OBSERVED IN THE AFTERGLOW OF GRB 130925A...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 (India) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States) DTU Space-National...

  11. Introducing Price Competition at the Box Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Harrison J.

    2013-01-01

    point to those paid at Starbucks, or for by-the-bag premiumreporting standard cup at Starbucks in 2006 was $4). For

  12. An array of low-background 3He proportional counters for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    im- mediately into the cleanroom, placed into a vacuumthe University of Washing- ton cleanroom where the detectorand endcaps in nylon cleanroom bags, minimizing exposure to

  13. Oecologia (1989) 81:149-153 Oecologia 9 Springer-Verlag1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    1989-01-01

    in a Brazilian forest using root-bags buried in the soil. Eissenstat and Caldwell (1988 a) used a root periscope

  14. 2015 Discovery Science Call for Proposal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    users 2015 Discovery Science Call for Proposal Reference Links: - Basic NIF Specs (User Brown Bag) Publications Platforms Diagnostics NIF User Portal - User Guide Shot Calendar...

  15. EMRTC Report RF 10-13: Application to LANL Evaporator Nitrate...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from evaporator operations at TA55 were packaged (up to around 1991) primarily in plastic bags and ranged in moisture content up to saturation (generator knowledge states the...

  16. ISSN0249-6399ISRNINRIA/RR--8209--FR+ENG January 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into a finite set of prototypical elements. This leads to the popular Bag-of-Visual words (BoV) representation

  17. ISSN0249-6399ISRNINRIA/RR--8209--FR+ENG Project-Team LEAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of prototypical elements. This leads to the popular Bag-of-Visual words (BoV) representation. In this work, we

  18. Applied Studies and Technology Stakeholder Outreach: Helping...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    health of the land. His detective's bag for scientific inquiry also holds results of soil fertility and soil morphology sampling, and satellite images that tell him how much...

  19. Andre Simmons May 27, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a bible, a bag of marijuana, a glock .45 pistol, a box of condoms, and a forty ounce of Old English you

  20. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 (India); Cenko, S. Bradley NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Christensen, Finn E....

  1. X-RAY SPECTRAL COMPONENTS OBSERVED IN THE AFTERGLOW OF GRB 130925A...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 (India); Cenko, S. Bradley NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Christensen, Finn E....

  2. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics Post Bag Ganeshkhind Pune India Cenko S Bradley NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt MD United States Christensen Finn E DTU Space...

  3. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    From Physics World, Nov. 13, 2015: Astronomers gaze upon the oldest stars in the galaxy Monday, Nov. 16 An avian mixed bag reflects Fermilab's diverse ecosystem From...

  4. Sub-scale Drum Test Memo David Rosenberg

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to contain 14 bags of nitrate salts, four of which resulted from an oxalate precipitation process. Documentation of the original, detailed chemical composition of the...

  5. 1. W.Scandale, G.Arduini, M.Butcher, F.Cerutti, S.Gilardoni, A.Lechner, R.Losito, A.Masi, E.Metral, D.Mirarchi, S.Montesano, S.Redaelli, G.Smirnov, E.Bagli, L.Bandiera, S.Baricordi, P.Dalpiaz,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    V/c proton beam with the help of bent crystals, Physics Letters B 733 (2014) 366­372. 3. W.Scandale, G

  6. Coastal-Marine Research Group, Institute of Natural Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 102 904, North Shore MSC, New Zealand. *Corresponding Author: K. A. Stockin; Email: k.a.stockin@massey.ac.nz Tel: +64 9 414 0800, ext: 41127. Fax: +64 9 443 9790

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockin, Karen

    of the spinal cord, with the vertebral column sustaining fractures between L17 and Cd7 and between Cd3 and Cd8 the vertebral body and epiphyses were also fractured. Paralysis of the lower truck and associated extensive

  7. Vibration Isolation of a Locomotive Mounted Energy Storage Flywheel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaohua

    2011-02-22

    Utilizing flywheels to store and reuse energy from regenerative braking on locomotives is a new technology being developed in the Vibration Control and Electromechanics Lab at Texas A&M. This thesis focuses on the motion analysis of a locomotive...

  8. Robust yaw stability controller design and hardware-in-the-loop testing for a road vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guvenc, Levent

    Unsymmetrical loading on a car like mu-split braking, side wind forces, or unilateral loss of tire pressure results in unexpected yaw disturbances that require yaw stabilization either by the driver or by an automatic ...

  9. Crevice volume effect on spark ignition engine efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Patrick M. (Patrick Michael)

    2013-01-01

    A set of experiments and a simulation study are completed to quantify the effect of the piston crevice on engine efficiency. The simulation study breaks down the loss mechanisms on brake efficiency at different displacement ...

  10. Apparatus for stopping a vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wattenburg, Willard H. (Walnut Creek, CA); McCallen, David B. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-03-20

    An apparatus for externally controlling one or more brakes on a vehicle having a pressurized fluid braking system. The apparatus can include a pressurizable vessel that is adapted for fluid-tight coupling to the braking system. Impact to the rear of the vehicle by a pursuit vehicle, shooting a target mounted on the vehicle or sending a signal from a remote control can all result in the fluid pressures in the braking system of the vehicle being modified so that the vehicle is stopped and rendered temporarily inoperable. A control device can also be provided in the driver's compartment of the vehicle for similarly rendering the vehicle inoperable. A driver or hijacker of the vehicle preferably cannot overcome the stopping action from the driver's compartment.

  11. Wireless Roadside Inspection (WRI) Every year the number of trucks on the road, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carrier/coach USDOT number Shipping document ID Equipment (e.g., trailer) ID Vehicle Measures Brakes Tire warning Container Coupling Driver performance Emissions Exhaust system Fuel system Steering Suspension

  12. Verification and Validation of Hybrid Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Xiaoqing

    2013-01-01

    brake torque. The outputs are gear position, engine speed inspeed in mph. The discrete gear shift logic is done usingThe simpli?ed gear shift logic of a four-speed

  13. Particulate matter emissions from a DISI engine under cold-fast-idle conditions for ethanol-gasoline blends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimou, Iason

    2011-01-01

    In an effort to build internal combustion engines with both reduced brake-specific fuel consumption and better emission control, engineers developed the Direct Injection Spark Ignition (DISI) engine. DISI engines combine ...

  14. VEHICLE ANNUAL COMPREHENSIVE INSPECTION CHECKLIST To be completed for each vehicle annually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    emission filter INSPECT BODY AND GLASS ( ) Fuel pump ( ) ( ) Fuel Filter TOP OFF ALL FLUIDS ( ) Battery fluid ( ) ( ) Brake cylinder fluid SPARK PLUGS ( ) Transmission fluid ( ) ( ) Windshield washer fluid ELECTRICAL ( ) Battery fluid ( ) Starter ( ) Radiator pressure cap ( ) Battery cranking voltage ( ) Radiator

  15. Design of a fuzzy controller for energy management of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estrada Gutierrez, Pedro Cuauhtemoc

    1997-01-01

    devices apply torque directly to the drive shaft for propelling the vehicle. Each component of the hybrid vehicle is modeled, and throttle angle, motor current and brake torque command are chosen as the control inputs. Another input considered...

  16. Assessing benefits of coordination on safety in automated highway systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Woosuk

    2000-01-01

    the lead vehicle brakes at its maximum possible deceleration. The quantities that are of interest are severity of impact in terms of relative velocity at impact, probability of a collision, and expected number of collisions. We are interested...

  17. An evaluation of modifications to the advance warning sign at passive highway-railroad grade crossings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bridgette DeWees

    1995-01-01

    to an advance warning preceding a passive railroad crossing would result in adverse driver reactions such as slamming on the brakes or erratic steering maneuvers. Approaching motor vehicles detected by a motion sensor activate a strobe light which flashed until...

  18. Stormwater Management for UMore Park Molly McClung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    from brake dust, oils on asphalt, and pesticides and fertilizer from landscaping. These compounds ground water sources on site. To support the current goals of creating a sustainable, regenerative

  19. Open Archive TOULOUSE Archive Ouverte (OATAO) OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (1) are used. One such application is regenerative brak- ing, used to recover power in cars and electric mass transit vehicles that would otherwise lose braking energy as heat. However, super- capacitors

  20. Polar-Molecule-Dominated Electrorheological Fluids Featuring High Yield Stresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zexian, Cao

    , brakes and shock absorbers, and many novel uses such as in accurate polishing, robotics, haptic Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (P

  1. The economics of evolution: Henry Ford and the Model T Robert A. Laird and Thomas N. Sherratt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laird, Robert

    inspectors came back with reports of almost every kind of failure: axles, brakes, pistons Á all were liable were unnecessarily durable and asked that they be built to a cheaper specification. The general lesson

  2. Just build it! : a fully functional concept vehicle using robotic wheels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitt, Peter, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    Interest in electric vehicle drive units is resurging with the proliferation of hybrid and electric vehicles. Currently emerging key-technologies are: in-wheel motors, electric braking, integrated steering activators and ...

  3. Notes 12. (a) Annular pressure (damper) seals, and (b) Hydrostatic journal bearings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Andres, Luis

    2009-01-01

    The mechanism of centering stiffness in seals. Force coefficients for short-length pressure seals. Design of annular seals: swirl brakes, impact on rotordynamics. Hydrostatic bearings in modern applications. The principle of hydrostatic lubrication...

  4. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Sandia MEMS passive shock sensor FY08 design summary Walraven Jeremy Allen Baker Michael Sean Clemens Rebecca C Mitchell John Anthony Brake Matthew Robert Epp David S Wittwer...

  5. Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Applica on for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Conges on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and traffic throughput efficiency of the road system. cta.ornl.gov Contact Tim LaClair Research R&D Center that calculates a planned speed profile that minimizes braking · Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications

  6. EVALUATION OF UPFLOW FILTERS FOREVALUATION OF UPFLOW FILTERS FOR STORMWATER TREATMENT AT CRITICALSTORMWATER TREATMENT AT CRITICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    .brakes, etc. Infiltration Devices: Subsurface Infiltration Trenches,Infiltration Devices: Subsurface Infiltration Trenches, Surface Percolation Areas, Porous Pavement, Grass Filters,Surface Percolation Areas filters.downflow filters. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDYOBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY Primary:Primary: Optimize

  7. Smart Parking Pilot on the Coaster Commuter Rail Line in San Diego, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Tagan; Rodier, Caroline J.; Shaheen, Susan

    2008-01-01

    brake command an vehicle drive Cycle 1 Ac ce p us cr Page 23of three main blocks: drive cycle, driver, and vehicle. The21,22]. The block of drive cycle defines the driving profile

  8. Optimization of Fuel Cell System Operating Conditions for Fuel Cell Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

    2008-01-01

    brake command an vehicle drive Cycle 1 Ac ce p us cr Page 23of three main blocks: drive cycle, driver, and vehicle. The21,22]. The block of drive cycle defines the driving profile

  9. Experimental investigation of frictional melting of argillite at high slip rates: Implications for seismic slip in subduction-accretion complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    of the melt layer. Our experimental results suggest that viscous braking can be efficient at shallow depths recently found in exhumed subduction thrusts, roof thrusts of duplex struc- tures [Ikesawa et al., 2003

  10. 1061-933X/05/6701- 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.0001 Colloid Journal, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2005, pp. 120. Translated from Kolloidnyi Zhurnal, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2005, pp. 525.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , cutting tools, and braking systems. Such growing technologies as the production of modern elec- tronics, metal injection molding, production of ceram- ics, and the formation of thick- and thin-film coatings

  11. Household Hazardous Waste Collection Centers are not permitted to accept waste from businesses, churches, schools, nonprofit organizations or government agencies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    insecticides Moth repellents Mouse and rat poisons and baits Other Flammable Products CO2 cartridges (lecture injection cleaners Fuel additives Motor oil Starter fluids Transmission and brake fluid Indoor Pesticides

  12. Charged Particle Energization and Transport in the Magnetotail during Substorms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Qingjiang

    2015-01-01

    Owen (2011), Plasma jet braking: energy dissipation and non-Hones Jr. (1979), High-energy magnetospheric protons andof energetic electrons energy ( E ? 200 keV ) in the earth’s

  13. CALL FOR PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS Abstracts due by September 15, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    Energy conservation and efficiency, energy storage modeling, hybrid vehicles, emissions reduction savings, energy storage devices, regenerative braking, smart electrical supply Abstract can be submitted System safety approaches, safety data management, risk analysis approaches, accident avoidance, accident

  14. Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

    1989-01-01

    A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

  15. 1.2.3. internal event and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    3.1.1.3.1.1.3 low weight on each main gear wheel 3.1.1.3.2.2 braking system's logical design 3 3.1.1.3.1.1.3 low weight on each main gear wheel 3.1.1.3.2.2 braking system's logical design 3.1.1.3.2.3 divergence between consequences of design and behaviour expected by CRW 3.1.1.3.2.3.1 behavior expected

  16. Microcomputer Analysis of Pumping System Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierschenk, J. L.; Schmidt, P. S.

    1986-01-01

    produced by the pump for a given series computers, has been developed to permit the capacity, as well as the brake horsepower, analysis of pump operation based on descriptions efficiency, and net positive suction head. Pump of the piping system... to impeller peripheral velocity and head is proportional to the square of the peripheral velocity. Therefore. flow (Q) will vary directly with the change in speed (n). head (H) will vary as the square of the speed, and brake horsepower (BHP) will vary...

  17. Full Hybrid: Passing

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement VouchersBraking buttonhighlighted Braking

  18. Full Hybrid: Stopped

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement VouchersBraking buttonhighlightedBraking

  19. Prehospital Use of IM Ketamine for Sedation of Violent and Agitated Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheppke, MD, Kenneth A; Braghiroli, Joao; Shalaby, Mostafa; Chait, MD, Robert

    2014-01-01

    EtCO 2 , end tidal CO 2 ; BVM, bag-valve-mask; RSI, rapidNOEF, no effect; BVM, bag valve mask required; ETT, requiredparamedics. M PSY UNK NO M PSY BVM M D UNK NO M D/CO UNK NO

  20. AquaTRAIN MCRTN Geogenic Chemicals in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    , leaching ­ Fossil fuel (mainly coal), ores (mainly copper ores) · Burning, roasting Also (was) very) solution (in pentane) into Tedlar Bags. Trap the content of the bags and assess recovery Solid phase Totals: ­ 3 different experiments to assess recovery on SKC traps, with 3 traps per species each time

  1. Bagworms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2008-07-02

    _tp://insects.tamu.edu ht_tp://landscapeipm.tamu.edu Fig. 5. Early stages of bag- worms have smaller bags and actively feeding larvae Fig. 6. Leaf damage from bagworm caterpillar Fig. 7. Bagworms on Indian hawthorn Fig. 8. Bagworrm on cypress Fig. 9. Bagworm on broadleaved...

  2. SF 2001-WLD (11-2012) Supersedes (4-2010) Issue CONTRACTOR WELDING, CUTTING, BRAZING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    SF 2001-WLD (11-2012) Supersedes (4-2010) Issue CONTRACTOR WELDING, CUTTING, BRAZING PART 1: CONTRACTOR'S EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT Identify what welding, cutting and/or brazing you are doing: (Check box or fill-in type below) Welding Thermal Cutting Brazing (No cadmium filler BAg-1 or BAg- 2; Silver

  3. Document 19 State of Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    require sitting, standing, walking, lifting, bending, twisting, squatting, carrying, pushing, pulling · Change dressings · Place and maintain catheters Lifting · Patient transfers o Floor--kneel or sitting o supplies o Mannequins o Pumps o Fluid bags (IV, urinary, drainage bags, etc) #12;o Bedside Commodes Visual

  4. Simulating intertwined design processes that have similar structures: a case study of a small company that creates made-to-order fashion products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wynn, David C; Eckert, Claudia M; Clarkson, P John

    % of the total is spent producing bags to an existing design and 12.5% on designing new bags and ranges. The remainder of their time is spent on the administrative tasks related to running a small business. Harkin’s main resource is, therefore, his and his...

  5. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    single-use items. ! We can recycle paper, plastic, glass, and metal into other useful things. ! Litter towels, and a fabric tote bag vs. plastic grocery bags. Reuse 6. Introduce the word "reuse", "to useOIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 minutes REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE! Oregon Science Content

  6. Rev. 01072013 Perelman School of Medicine Smilow Center for Translational Research Infectious Waste Disposal Guide*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    plastic bag. Do not use biohazard boxes or red/orange bags under any circumstances. Infectious waste sharps include: All needles, syringes, and blades; broken or unbroken glass and plasticware that has contacted infectious agents or was used in animal or human patient care or treatment; plastic pipettes

  7. Aisle Marking Requirements permanent workplace aisles should have appropriate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Robert E.

    , brown paper bags, glass jars, metal cans, milk/juice cartons, plastic #1-7. No food contamination · packing peanuts: no recycling, but can send to mail services reuse program. ­ place sealed bags on top of campus mail boxes, addressed to "Packing Peanuts Reuse Program, WW15" http://web.mit.edu/facilities/environmental/reuse

  8. Rev. 06182012 Medical School Laboratory Infectious Waste Disposal Guide*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    glassware boxes with clear plastic bags. DO NOT line buckets with any bags. Infectious waste sharps including: All needles and syringes; broken or unbroken glass and plasticware that has contacted infectious agents or was used in animal or human patient care or treatment, including plastic pipettes and other

  9. Improving the Fisher Kernel for Large-Scale Image Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Tae-Kyun

    classification the FK was shown to extend the popular bag-of-visual-words (BOV) by going beyond count statistics. However, in practice, this enriched representation has not yet shown its superiority over the BOV classification to date has been to describe images with bag-of-visual-words (BOV) histograms and to classify them

  10. Scene Modeling Using Co-Clustering Computer Vision Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Central Florida, University of

    concept corresponds to a cluster of visterms in the Bag of Vis- terms (BOV) paradigm for scene to cluster image patches based on their appearances in BOV, MMI co-clustering can group the visterms which interest-points and their descriptors have attracted lots of attention. Bag of Visterms (BOV) approaches

  11. BIODIVERSITY Freshwater fish introductions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Berthou, Emili

    : are there commonalities in the conservation problem? S. M. Marr1,2 *, M. P. Marchetti3 , J. D. Olden4 , E. Garci Biodiversity, Private Bag 1015, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa *Correspondence: S. M. Marr, Zoology Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa. E-mail: sean.marr@uct.ac.za ABSTRACT

  12. DNA Extraction 5th Grade Physical Science Standard 1.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are used in a real world application. Materials - strawberry - Ziploc bag - extraction buffer (90m a strawberry in the Ziploc, and mash up well. 2. Add 10mL of extraction solution with syringe and mix. #12 up the strawberries breaks up cells and releases their content into the bag. The soap

  13. Scenario A (Cogaids) Megacode video 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klemmer, Scott

    Transcutaneous pacing--consider OR Infusions--consider Support breathing Bag valve mask & O2 tank FiO2/VF Bradycardia #12;TREAT Transcutaneous pacing--consider OR Infusions--consider Support breathing Bag valve mask?--consider... TREAT Transcutaneous pacing--consider OR Infusions--consider Support breathing FiO2

  14. South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    493 South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa PennPatrick Inst., DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Univ. of Cape Town, P/Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa African National Biodiversity Inst., P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa, and School of Statistics

  15. STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 1333. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13 STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 13­33. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Biosystematics Division, ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X134, Queenswood, Pretoria 0121, South Africa; 4 ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X5017

  16. IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 4606, Fax: + 27 21 650 4104, Email

  17. Proteomic Interrogation of Human Chromatin Mariana P. Torrente1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shorter, James

    -access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits) Early Faculty CAREER award, a New Jersey Commission on Cancer research grant, an NIH Innovator award (DP research award sponsored by the Waters Corp. to B.A.G. B.A.G. and C.A.F. were also funded by NSF grant

  18. The Asian Wood Pellet Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Asian Wood Pellet Markets Joseph A. Roos and Allen M. Brackley United States Department Wood Pellet plant in North Pole, Alaska. Clockwise from upper left: pelleting machine; pellets bagged for home use; a Superior Pellet Fuels bag; inventory of product ready for shipment to retailers. Upper

  19. 1www.sheffield.ac.uk/fotm 1828 September

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    turn the Arts Tower into a 255-foot art installation that uses light waves to simulate natural chemical reactions. City Centre Pop-up Gardens in a Bag: Lecture Olympic meadows co-designer and RHS gold Centre Pop-up Gardens in a Bag: Tour Professor Nigel Dunnett has created a series of instant gardens

  20. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , is to leave them in the ground and mulch them heavily with straw or leaves. They then can be dug throughout radishes can also be stored in plastic bags or other con- tainers for months. Store as close to 32u F as possible (without freezing) and in high relative humidity. Perforated plastic bags or garbage can liners

  1. Vegetable GardenVegetable Gardengg BasicsBasics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    mulch Add complete fertilizer right at planting time (4-6-8 or 6-6-6) #12;Preparing SoilPreparing Soil chests Plastic bags Plastic bags Barrels and drums #12;Other ContainersOther Containers #12;Grow BoxesOrganic Gardening Certification required (if selling produce) Composting Mulching No synthetic chemicals (pesticides

  2. Alternative Lawns *Note:Price estimates are for seeds only.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    lawn with black plastic bags or old newspapers (10-12 pages thick) using rocks to secure,remove plastic bags. The newspaper will decompose with the dead grass providing a nutrient rich top layer. 1.4 Mulch with straw which has been cleaned,chopped,and is weed-free (do not use hay).5 Use a fine

  3. HMSC Sustainability Committee May 22, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    to the community for brown bag lunch speakers 2. Carpool Websites 3. Composting 4. Bike Rack Proposal 5. Federal to get someone from Lincoln County Transit to talk at a Brown Bag. 3. Composting Ken and Randy of a larger effort to develop a more locally sourced food supply for Lincoln County. The county group

  4. 2323 University Way, Suite 239 Bozeman, MT 59717

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    is accomplished through exposure and penetration of the contaminated material by superheated steam for an adequate through autoclaving. After sterilization in a steam autoclave, these materials are considered non amount of time. Because steam will not penetrate a sealed plastic autoclave bag, bags containing dry

  5. A MODULAR ACTUATOR ARCHITECTURE FOR ROBOTIC APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2001-07-01

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) Complexes perform numerous hazardous material handling operations within the confines of a glovebox. The DOE is continuing to seek more efficient and safer means of handling these materials inside gloveboxes rather than the conventional, labor-intensive method through lead lined gloves. The use of glovebox automation technology will also be critical to the DOE in its efforts to comply with its mandated ALARA principles in handling the hazardous materials associated with the cleanup process. Operations associated with materials processing in a glovebox are similar to many industrial tasks, but the unique glovebox environment and Plutonium material properties create a unique set of challenges for conventional automation machinery. Such properties include: Low to moderate levels of ionizing radiation, high abrasiveness, corrosiveness, pyrophoric tendencies, rapid dispersal and permeation of environment, diffuses quickly, and possible incompatible material interaction. The glovebox presents the following challenges: existing gloveboxes may not be readily altered or even modified at all, complex mechanical operations for maintenance and repair are difficult or impossible through gloves, failed equipment may not be removed easily or at all. If a broken piece of equipment cannot be bagged-out through a glove port (approximately 216 mm (8 1/2 inch) diameter) it must remain in place. Broken equipment obstructs further operations. If it renders the entire glovebox unusable, a significant volume of waste is generated and an expensive system must be disposed of and replaced. A moderate sized glovebox alone costs between $250,000 and $500,000 and an equipment malfunction, which penetrates the glovebox and exposes the room to Plutonium or other toxic materials, is catastrophic. In addition to the human exposure issues, cleanup can easily run into the millions of dollars. A solution to the issues described above is ARM Automation Inc.'s (ARM) modular robotic manipulator technology developed for DOE EM operations, which addresses many of the issues discussed in the previous section. This manipulator system has the capability of custom configurations, which accommodate common glovebox tasks such as materials repackaging. The modular nature and quick connects of this system simplify installations into ''hot'' boxes and any potential modifications or repair therein. In the field of automation and robotics, a very common element is one used to generate motion for precise positioning of loads. One example of such an automation component would be an individual joint within an industrial robotic manipulator. This component consists of a tightly integrated package containing an electric motor, gear train, output support bearings, position sensors, brake, servo-amplifier and communications controller. Within the context of this paper, this key building block is referred to as an actuator module. With regard to the needs of the EM, [8] and [9] have shown that while each focus area has unique requirements for robotic automation at a system or manipulator level, their requirements at the actuator level are very similar. Thereby, a modular approach to automation which utilizes a small set of versatile actuator modules can be used to construct a broad range of robotic systems and automation cells suited to EM applications. By providing a pre-engineered, pre-integrated motion system to different robotics users within the DOE, new automation systems can be more quickly created without extensive expertise in motion control or the expense of building custom equipment.

  6. Typical College Student Diet Food Derived Microorganisms and Their Relation to the Human Gastrointestinal Microflora 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haselhorst, Alexandria J.

    2011-08-08

    plates, the results were truly representative of the actual microbial load within the sample. 8 Homogenization was completed by placing 50 g of food product into a sample bag with a filter insert (VWR, West Chester, Penn.). Some products..., such as the drinks, were shaken prior to being weighed to ensure accurate collection of any bacteria present. The filter bag was filled with 450 mL of sterile Butterfield?s phosphate buffer when solid samples were being processed. The stomacher filter bag...

  7. Sapphire tube pressure vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Outwater, John O. (Cambridge, MA)

    2000-01-01

    A pressure vessel is provided for observing corrosive fluids at high temperatures and pressures. A transparent Teflon bag contains the corrosive fluid and provides an inert barrier. The Teflon bag is placed within a sapphire tube, which forms a pressure boundary. The tube is received within a pipe including a viewing window. The combination of the Teflon bag, sapphire tube and pipe provides a strong and inert pressure vessel. In an alternative embodiment, tie rods connect together compression fittings at opposite ends of the sapphire tube.

  8. Fundamental Properties and Processes of Energetic Materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojeda Mota, Oscar Ulises

    2012-10-19

    Energetic materials comprise a set of systems of tremendous technological importance. Besides helping shape landscapes to establish communications, they have been used to reach fuel reservoirs, deploy safety bags and prevent ...

  9. Conservation Stand! Reducing My Commute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    foods, o Coffee grounds and filters, Tea bags (without the metal staples), o Egg shells (if crushed Strips manage it for you!!! Pays for itself in just a few monthswww.masssave.com #12;Valley Green Feast

  10. Bodily Destruction, Bodily Empowerment: A Year of Detainee Resistance at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandoval, Mathew

    2014-01-01

    even ventilations from the BVM held tight to Ahmed’s face.placed a Bag Valve Mask (BVM) over Ahmed’s nose and closedforefinger she pressed the BVM to his face, creating a seal.

  11. A Comparison of Procedural Sedation for the Reduction of Dislocated Total Hip Arthroplasty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Notes 2 IVF for BP, 1 BVM, 1 prolonged recovery, 1unable to achieve sedation 4 BVM, 4 prolonged recovery, 12 unable to achieve sedation BVM, bag-valve-mask sedation

  12. Propofol and Etomidate are Safe for Deep Sedation in the Emergency Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denny, Mark A; Manson, Roger; Della-Giustina, David

    2011-01-01

    need for bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation, or need forrequired less than 1 minute of BVM ventilation for an oxygenrespiration assistance with BVM, or use of reversal agents.

  13. Relativistic harmonic oscillator model for quark stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishnu M. Bannur

    2008-10-06

    The relativistic harmonic oscillator (RHO) model of hadrons is used to study quark stars. The mass-radius relationship is obtained and compared with bag model of quark star, using Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation. In this model, the outward degenerate pressure due to discrete Landau levels and Landau degeneracy balances the inward gravitational pressure. Where as in bag model the degenerate pressure is due to the standard continuum levels which balances the combined inward pressure due to gravitation and bag pressure. So in RHO model, the confinement effect is included in the degenerate pressure. We found a qualitative similarity, but quantitative differences in mass-radius relationship of quark stars in these two models. Masses and radii are relatively larger and the central energy densities, required for stable quark stars, are lower in RHO model than that of bag model.

  14. The gravitational dynamics of galaxies RAJARAM NITYANANDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giri, Ranjit K.

    , Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Post Bag 3, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007, India e-mail: rajaram from classical mechanics and statistical physics. In spite of the restriction to processes dominated

  15. Sustainable Development & Land Use Committee Meeting Meeting 2009-2010 #5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to improve recycling and composting on campus. One of the things that they have asked to change is to remove the black garbage bags from the composting containers in The Grill as the composting containers look like

  16. Unraveling the mystery of compost teas used for organic disease and insect pest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unraveling the mystery of compost teas used for organic disease and insect GilleN #12;What are compost teas? · Watery extracts (teas) made from placing compost in a mesh bag and soaking in water · Plant vs. animal (manure

  17. Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, San Diego, CA, May 1994. Sensorless Manipulation Using Massively Parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, David

    Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, San Diego, CA, May 1994. Sensorless, and Industrial Affiliates. air­bag sensor is commercially available [1]; video pro­ jections using an integrated

  18. 7E N G I N E E R I N G & S C I E N C E N O . 1 / 22 0 0 5 TMI, Meet IST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

    be because the keyless entry system is getting cross talk from a defective accelerometer in the air bags gulf yawns between our ability to de- scribe and build complex systems and our ability to understand

  19. Compositional Sentiment Analysis Stephen Pulman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    labelled training data. bag-of-words means structure is ignored: "Knox is found guilty of the murder of Kercher" = "Kercher is found guilty of the murder of Knox" 1 n usually

  20. 18/05/12 7:47 AMUC Berkeley's Floating Sensor Network adafruit industries blog Page 1 of 4http://www.adafruit.com/blog/2012/05/17/uc-berkeleys-floating-sensor-network/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fuzebox game of life gift guides gps halloween internet of things iron on patches kinect hacking kits ladyada.net laser leds-lcds mail bag maker business mbed meggy jr Microtouch midisense #12;18/05/12 7

  1. Physiologist's Friend Chip User and Demonstration Guide The Physiologist's Friend Chip (http://www.ini.unizh.ch/~tobi/friend/chip) is a neuromorphic analog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delbruck, Tobi

    Physiologist's Friend Chip User and Demonstration Guide The Physiologist's Friend Chip (http://www.ini materials and antistatic bag for traveling. Last modified 5/14/2009 See http://www.ini

  2. Chewy Granola Bars Adapted from one I found on a Quaker Oats box years ago. This is very

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    in a zip loc bag. These freeze well. You can adapt the mix-ins (chips, fruit, nuts) according to what your products like tofu, mock refried beans, bean burger stew (with small amount of meat or preferably

  3. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (pound or ounce) . Examples include meat, flour, canned foods, frozen food , bread, and cereal) . Examples include cook- ing and storage bags, jar lids, freezing contain- ers, paper napkins. · Area (square

  4. The effects of transplanting stress on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and leaf water potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Natural Resources, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004 India Introduction Artificial forest in polyethylene bags (16 x 60 cm) containing sphagnum peat and were maintained well-watered. One yr later

  5. Learnability of the Superset Label Learning Problem Li-Ping Liu LIULI@EECS.OREGONSTATE.EDU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of independent in- stances or as multiple-instance bags. For both scenarios, we give the conditions for ERM learn analyze the performance of learners that minimize the empirical risk (ERM learners). We only investigate

  6. Chlorobenzylidenemalonitrile Gas Exposure from A Novelty Personal-Protection Gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Christopher; Garza, Albert de la

    2007-01-01

    A Novelty Personal-Protection Gun Christopher Dong, MD Kernloaded with CS gas. The gun was in a bag of toys purchasedFig.1, 2, 3) was a small, gun-like object. One of the boys

  7. (Infrequently Questions) Lydia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrhardt, Matthias

    Scilab Bag Of Tricks The Scilab­2.5 IAQ (Infrequently Asked Questions) Lydia E. van Dijk (Infrequently Asked Questions) by Lydia E. van Dijk and Christoph L. Spiel Copyright© 2000 by L. E. van Dijk, Ch

  8. Target System Operations and Hg Handling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    in the sump tank or drain line using the pump #12;9 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY fill and drain operations ... gloves, gauze, drip shields, etc. will be double-bagged, taped and placed

  9. OAA's navigation service offices help ensure safe and reliable marine transportation. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hurricanes or severe storms. Navigation response teams move into a coastal area after a storm moves out and remove harmful debris, and protect the environment. Marine debris ­ like lost fish nets, plastic bags

  10. Solution-processed photovoltaics with advanced characterization and analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Hsin-Sheng

    2014-01-01

    at the 37th IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference (D. B. Mitzi, Prog. Photovoltaics 2011, 20, 6. [23] S. Bag,R. Noufi, IEEE J. Photovoltaics 2012, T. Todorov, J. Tang,

  11. Putting the Pieces Together 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friesenhahn, Karla; Stone, Cody; Texas 4-H Leadership Project Team

    2004-10-22

    separately Materials: Rubber bands, cans, bottles (plastic and/or glass), milk jugs, detergent bottles, sticks/skewers/popsicle sticks, plastic bag, newspapers/magazines, etc. Equipment: Markers or crayons, scissors for each...

  12. Thermite powder ignition by localized microwaves Yehuda Meir, Eli Jerby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerby, Eli

    aspects and potential applications of this mechanism, such as rust conversion, energy production are of interest for a variety of applica- tions, such as explosives (e.g. for automotive air-bag safety sys- tems

  13. WILLIAM GILDEA. When the Colts Belonged to Baltimore: A Father and a Son, A Team and a Time. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aurand Jr., Harold

    1997-01-01

    Team and a at 2:00 with the Baltimore Colts are not academica Son, A the Colts Belonged to Baltimore: Team and a Time.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994 ViNCE BaGLI

  14. Integrating co-occurrence and spatial contexts on patch-based scene segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    use is the bag-of-visterms (BOV), i.e., a histogram of discretized regional descriptors. On one hand, despite the loss of "strong" spatial contextual infor- mation, BOVs have been successfully used

  15. Introduction to Engineering and Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    in Mechatronics Engineering. Published April 2015 by the University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch Engineering 17 Mechatronics Engineering 17 Natural Resources Engineering 18 Software Engineering 18 Forestry, Chemical and Process, Computer, Electrical and Electronic, Forest, Mechanical, Mechatronics, Natural

  16. UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE CENTER FOR WILDLIFE HEALTH STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    container). Next, place the Ziploc bag into a box containing a Styrofoam insert (i.e., third container-974-2740) on the list. Place the lid on the Styrofoam insert, close the outer box and tape with packaging tape

  17. Low-cost exterior insulation process and structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vohra, Arun (Bethesda, MD)

    1999-01-01

    A low-cost exterior insulation process of stacking bags of insulating material against a wall and covering them with wire mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value.

  18. Low-cost exterior insulation process and structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vohra, A.

    1999-03-02

    A low-cost exterior insulation process of stacking bags of insulating material against a wall and covering them with wire mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value. 2 figs.

  19. Simulation of Polymers Using the Ellipsoidal G. Schoppe and D. W. Heermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    of the monomers. Static and dynamical properties are investigated using a parameteriza- tion for the Bisphenol for this are plastic bags made out of polyethylene or compact discs which mainly consist out of Bisphenol

  20. Clean Stuff: the Latest from NOVA's "Making Stuff" Mini-Series

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An Argonne National Laboratory scientist discusses transforming plastics – say from grocery bags – into carbon nanotubes and spheres, which can then be used in lithium-ion batteries, as well as an array of other applications.

  1. The Effects of Group Collaboration on Presence in a Collaborative Virtual Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    , University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa jcasanue,edwin @cs.uct.ac.za Abstract architecture and advanced interactive user interfaces to create a `shared' space where multiple users, located

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genome-wide mapping of histone H3 lysine 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to understanding the chromatin landscape and epigenomic architecture of xylogenesis in plants, and complements RNA (GRI), University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa Full list of author

  3. Presence and Co-Presence in Collaborative Virtual Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    of Cape Town Private Bag, RONDEBOSCH 7701 South Africa e-mail: jcasanue@cs.uct.ac.za, edwin@cs.uct.ac.za #12;Abstract Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs) involve the use of a distributed architecture

  4. The Effects of Group Collaboration on Presence in a Collaborative Virtual Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Science University of Cape Town Private Bag, RONDEBOSCH 7701 South Africa e-mail: jcasanue Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs) involve the use of a distributed architecture and ad- vanced

  5. Hydrogen Concentration in the Inner-Most Container within a Pencil Tank Overpack Packaged in a Standard Waste Box Package

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marusich, Robert M.

    2012-01-25

    A set of steady state diffusion flow equations, for the hydrogen diffusion from one bag to the next bag (or one plastic waste container to another), within a set of nested waste bags (or nested waste containers), are developed and presented. The input data is then presented and justified. Inputting the data for each volume and solving these equations yields the steady state hydrogen concentration in each volume. The input data (permeability of the bag surface and closure, dimensions and hydrogen generation rate) and equations are analyzed to obtain the hydrogen concentrations in the innermost container for a set of containers which are analyzed for the TRUCON code for the general waste containers and the TRUCON code for the Pencil Tank Overpacks (PTO) in a Standard Waste Box (SWB).

  6. Investigation of Methods of Disinfection in an All-air System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Yan, Z.

    2006-01-01

    The experiment of removing bacteria and indoor air particulates by a bag ventilation filter with synthetic media and an electrostatic filter was carried out, and the effect of killing bacteria by ozone application was also tested. The results show...

  7. Bands, orchestras, and the ideal I : the musical stage as constitutive of the I function / by Tracy Marie McMullen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMullen, Tracy

    2007-01-01

    because they couldn’t get gigs in Hollywood (Bag/McMullens) jazz festivals and other gigs that musicians scrap for.Center is hardly the only gig in town, however because it is

  8. Testing Your Soil: How to Collect and Send Samples 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provin, Tony; Pitt, John L.

    2002-06-26

    Soil tests can be used to estimate the kinds and amounts of soil nutrients available to plants and as aids in determining fertilizer needs. This publication covers the three-step procedure for obtaining sample bags and instructions, collecting...

  9. TYPES OF FLOODING IN AUSTRALIA Floods are part of the natural water cycle or a "Hydrologic Cycle". In this natural cycle, the energy of the sun causes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    · develop an evacuation strategy which identifies routes and safe locations in which to shelter · prepare and take your mobile phone o place a strong plastic bag full of sand or earth in the toilet bowl and over

  10. Capillary Porosity Depercolation/Repercolation in Hydrating Cement Pastes Via Low-Temperature Calorimetry Measurements and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    conventionally, percolation/depercolation has been inferred indirectly from measurements of chemical shrinkage4 was performed by kneading the paste by hand in a sealed plastic bag. Cast wafers (%5 g) of the prepared pastes

  11. One Mixed Margolin: Mixed Discipline. Mixed Media. Mixed Race.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margolin, Alexandra Elyse

    2013-01-01

    family, 3. bag or box of coconut, since the only brand nameof Baker’s Angel Flake Coconut. In my mom’s own words inmacaroons . . . the coconut macaroon recipe is basically

  12. Ryan, James by Patrick Maume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the garrison. He recalled coming under fire during the evacuation of the GPO, when his bag of medical supplies and provided medical aid to the garrison. He performed the same service for the republican garrison

  13. Development of a Model for High Precursor Conversion Efficiency Pulsed-Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition (PP-CVD) Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand-stabilised zirconia (YSZ) has also been deposited using the same technique [4, 5]. Figure 1 shows a functional

  14. www.growit.umd.edu Home and Garden Information Center 12005 Homewood Road Ellicott City, MD 21042 www.hgic.umd.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -Remove all young weed seedlings by hand and use a mulch laid along each side of the row to keep weed. In refrigerator, store in a vented plastic bag. Nutrition: Beets contain small amounts of several vitamins

  15. Controlled Unclassified Information

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    as CUI until they are destroyed. Personally owned, non-official waste material including food waste products are no to be included in the Burn Bags. Failure to comply with...

  16. A Modular Approach to Turkish Noun Compounding: The Integration of a Finite-State Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Sandiway

    of possible semantic relations that can be encoded through compounding. Compounds such as tea bag, tea leaf, tea garden, tea cake, tea break, and tea service behave like common nouns with respect to syntax

  17. Green Tea Polyphenols Rescue of Brain Defects Induced by Overexpression of DYRK1A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    son’s disease in mice by tea phenolic epigallocatechin 3-catechins and gallic acid in bag tea infusions. J Chromatogr2004) Protective effect of green tea polyphenol EGCG against

  18. Hazard Class Category

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2- Heat sealed Plastic bag Uses-Liquid sample in 2 mL, screw-top, polypropylene centrifuge tube inside three layers of heat-sealed plastic. Physical approvals: Room...

  19. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED11 15 -18 AUGUST 2011, TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    , the NHTSA New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) didn't emerge until 1987, followed by the Australasian NCAP technologies implemented in practically every car produced today are seat belts, air bags, and energy

  20. Model independent foreground power spectrum estimation using WMAP 5-year data Tuhin Ghosh,1,* Rajib Saha,1,2,3,4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souradeep, Tarun

    Saha,1,2,3,4, Pankaj Jain,4, and Tarun Souradeep1,x 1 IUCAA, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune-411007 of CMB power spectrum estimation was proposed by Saha et al. 2006. This methodology demonstrates

  1. Magellan: experiences from a Science Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Lavanya

    2013-01-01

    2010. From Clusters To Clouds: xCAT 2 Is Out Of The Bag.Cost of Doing Science on the Cloud: The Montage Example. Incost of doing science on the cloud: the montage example. In

  2. Utilizing fly ash particles to produce low-cost metal matrix composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Withers, G.

    2008-07-01

    Metal matrix composites (MMCs) are a blend of fine ceramic particles mixed with metals such as aluminium or magnesium. Fly ash is considerably cheaper than ceramics; aluminium-fly ash composites cost less than 60% of conventional aluminium-SiC composites making them attractive to automakers striving for lower weight and cheaper materials for brake rotors or brake drums. Ultalite.com has consulted with US researchers to to find the optimum requirements of the fly ash needed to make MMCs. Particle size 20-40 microns, low calcium oxide content and spherical particles were identified. The desired particles once extracted are stirred into molten aluminum and the resulting composite is into ingots for shipment to a casting facility. Dynamometer testing has shown that aluminium-fly ash composite brake drums have better performance and wear than cast iron drums. 6 figs., 1 tab.

  3. Heel and toe driving on fuel cell vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choi, Tayoung; Chen, Dongmei

    2012-12-11

    A system and method for providing nearly instantaneous power in a fuel cell vehicle. The method includes monitoring the brake pedal angle and the accelerator pedal angle of the vehicle, and if the vehicle driver is pressing both the brake pedal and the accelerator pedal at the same time and the vehicle is in a drive gear, activating a heel and toe mode. When the heel and toe mode is activated, the speed of a cathode compressor is increased to a predetermined speed set-point, which is higher than the normal compressor speed for the pedal position. Thus, when the vehicle brake is removed, the compressor speed is high enough to provide enough air to the cathode, so that the stack can generate nearly immediate power.

  4. International Journal of Computer Vision manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the popular Bag-of-Visual words (BoV) rep- resentation. In this work, we propose to use the Fisher Ker- nel, the most popular image representation for clas- sification has been the Bag-of-Visual words (BoV) (Csurka et al, 2004). In a nutshell, the BoV consists in extracting a set of local descriptors, such as SIFT

  5. Comparison of systems for the distribution of lamb carcasses and wholesale cuts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tatum, Joseph Daryl

    1976-01-01

    treatments -- vacuum pack- aging (VPI), heat seal closure; vacuum packaging (VPII) clip seal closure; carbon dioxide (C02) chilling, poly- ethylene bag; polyvinyl chlor1de (PVC) film wrapping- and stored for 7, 14, 21 or 28 days; while intact carcasses..., Wholesale cuts were randomly assigned to one of four treatments ? vacuum pack- aging (VPI), heat seal closure; vacuum packaging (VPII) clip seal closure; carbon dioxide (C02) chilling, poly- ethylene bag; polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film wrapping...

  6. Commercial Fertilizers 1927-28. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Asbury, S. E. (Samuel E.)

    1928-01-01

    -29 -_--__.._-.-.---------: -----------------------------.. Fertilizer statistics, 1928 Free analysis Bulk sales 15 Analysis of fertilizers, 1927-28 15 Relation of valuation guaranteed to valuation delivered ----_......-----.-.. 16 Averages below guarantee 18 Investigations under the fertilizer law.... 387, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION Information on the Fertilizer Bag and Tag A fertilizer tax tag is required on every bag of fertilizer before it is offered for sale or sold. The guaranteed analysis of the fertilizer is required by law...

  7. In-depth survey report: control technology for falling solids at Cincinnati Paint and Varnish, Cincinnati, Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heitbrink, W.A.

    1988-04-01

    A visit was made to the Cincinnati Paint and Varnish Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, to determine the effectiveness of control measures used to contain dust generated during the manufacturing of custom coatings. Dust arose when 50 pound bags of different powdered materials, titanium dioxide, talc, and crystalline silica, were emptied into 600-gallon mixing tanks by a worker. The worker slit the bags with a knife, lifted the bag, poured the contents into the mixer, and returned the empty bags to the floor. Exterior surfaces of the bags were dusty; handling them released some dust into the atmosphere. A slot hood was used to capture dust generated during the operation. Air velocity toward th slot hood along the lip of the tank where the bags were emptied ranged from 50 to 100 feet per minute. The total dust concentrations determined for crystalline silica during this operation averaged 3.0mg/cum. During a revisit to the site this worker's exposure was below 0.15mg/cum for a time-weighted average of less than 0.004 mg/m/sup 3/. The difference in liquid level in the tank at the time each powdered ingredient was added may have significantly affected the amount of dust released. Measurements of the actual process indicated that the silica had to fall almost 1 meter before reaching any liquid in the mixing tank whereas the talc had to fall only 25 centimeters.

  8. Control system for supercharged internal combustion engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kawamura, H.

    1988-05-24

    A control system for controlling an internal combustion engine is described having a supercharge including a rotatable shaft and an exhaust turbine driven by exhaust gas. The control system comprising: a rotary electric machine mounted on the rotatable shaft of the supercharger for imposing a load on the exhaust turbine of the supercharger; setting means for setting an engine brake mode of the internal combustion engine; and operating means for operating the rotary electric machine when the engine brake mode is set by the setting means.

  9. Paper Number Sizing and Optimal Operation of a Power Split Hydraulic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    sector. In hybrid vehicles energy is saved by regenerating kinetic energy while braking, by operating power sources that can directly or indirectly propel the vehicle. A hybrid vehicle saves energy in three as alternative energy storage and electric motors and generators are used to assist the engine in power, is often

  10. A Coordinated Train Control Algorithm to Improve Regenerative Energy Receptivity in Metro Transit Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    regenerative energy receptivity and energy savings in a bi-directional metro transit network, this paper formulates a coordinated train control algorithm based on genetic algorithm techniques. The energy saving is a braking mechanism that decelerates the vehicle by converting its kinetic energy into electric energy

  11. 1 Copyright 2014 by ASME Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Rail Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    operations, regenerative braking is one practical way for saving energy because it enables the kinetic energy-unit railcars are converted into generators, and electricity generated from kinetic energy of the train trains, the excess energy must be dissipated by the resistors on-board the train where electrical power

  12. This article was downloaded by:[Lee, John D.] [Lee, John D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, John D.

    Ergonomics Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: http sensitivity to brake pulse duration and magnitude', Ergonomics, 50:6, 828 - 836 To link to this article: DOI of the vehicle and, in *Corresponding author. Email: jdlee@engineering.uiowa.edu Ergonomics Vol. 50, No. 6

  13. AAIB Bulletin No: 2/2005 Ref: EW/C2003/08/11 Category: 1.1 Aircraft Type and Registration: Airbus A320-200, C-FTDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    's Runway 30. On finals, the Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring (ECAM) display showed a STEERING to recognise the lack of pedal braking and there was no overt warning from the ECAM of the malfunction) and the crew noted that the WHEEL page on the ECAM (Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring) display showed

  14. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Time, (sec)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mektronika Systems MIRA QinetiQ Shell UK Tinsley Bridge Volvo Trucks Effects of Tyre Dynamics on Slip Control by tyre vibration? · What benefits can be achieved by using a Smart Tyre signal? vx ba Effects of Tyre Smart Tyre Straight-Line Braking Performance on Smooth, Wet Road Slip Controller Performance

  15. D2Cyber: A Design Automation Tool for Dependable Cybercars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -by-wire (e.g., steer-by-wire (SBW), brake-by-wire). ISO 26262 specifies automotive safety integrity levels cybercar applications where electronic controllers substitute for the traditional mechanical and/or hydraulic systems. The use of electronic controllers in automotive systems has not only improved performance

  16. Breakthrough Makes LED Lights More Versatile Author: Andrea Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Breakthrough Makes LED Lights More Versatile Author: Andrea Thompson Source: http these limitations by combining the best of two worlds of LEDs to make ultrathin, ultrasmall and flexible light-sized inorganic LEDs after a request from Ford Motor Co. to create a third brake light for cars that would

  17. SwRI Patents Southwest Research Institute -Page 1 of 85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Clark R.

    ,720,184 5/13/2014 Use of Braking Energy to Augment Exhaust Heat for Improved Operation of Exhaust Aftertreatment Devices Cynthia C. Webb, Karl J Kreder III SwRI 8,714,121 5/6/2014 Split-Cycle Air Hybrid V

  18. Cost Analysis of Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /FreedomCar guidelines. Packaging (Piping, Electrical, .....) Start-up Power (battery); Anode Tailgas Burner Included in DOE PEMFC System Analyzed Fuel Tank · Power Conditioning · Electric Motor · Electric Drive Train · Regenerative Braking System (Battery) Managers (Controllers and Sensors) Air Thermal Water Safety Other: · AC

  19. CATEGORY/BUYER LISTING BUYERS: Darlene Smith, Richard Wagner Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    CONDITIONING EQUIP AND ACCESSORIES ROBERT LOZIER (614) 292-9959 AIRCP AIRCRAFT PARTS & SUPP: AIRCRAFT EQUIP PLUGS, BATTERIES, BRAKES, HOSES, FLUID, WHEELS, RIMS, FILTERS, ETC SERVICE AND REPAIR RICHARD WAGNER (614) 688-3678 AUTSP AUTOMOTIVE SHOP EQUIP: BATTERY CHARGERS, TIRE CHANGING EQUIP. ETC JOHN MALONEY

  20. CATEGORY/BUYER LISTING BUYERS: Darlene Smith, Richard Wagner Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    -8729 *AIRCN AIR CONDITIONERS-SEE ALSO HVAC: AIR CONDITIONING EQUIP AND ACCESSORIES ROBERT LOZIER (614) 292 & SUPP: ANTIFREEZE, OIL, TIRES, SPARK PLUGS, BATTERIES, BRAKES, HOSES, FLUID, WHEELS, RIMS, FILTERS, ETC SERVICE AND REPAIR RICHARD WAGNER (614) 688-3678 AUTSP AUTOMOTIVE SHOP EQUIP: BATTERY CHARGERS, TIRE

  1. Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and testing of the Westport High Pressure Direct Injection liquefied natural gas heavy duty engine and 0.01 grams per brake horsepower-hour particulate matter. The engine test results were successful Commission at 916-327-1551. i #12;ABSTRACT Westport Innovations is a leader in gaseous fuel engine technology

  2. INTRODUCTION Muscle fibers can be modified to produce a broad continuum of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hynes, Wayne L.

    as powerful motors (Lutz and Rome, 1994; Marsh and Olson, 1994), as brakes or shock absorbers (Full et al heavy chain (MHC) and the function of the The Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 1079-1091 © 2010 23529, USA and 3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275

  3. Series 8000 Available in 3 lengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, Robert G.

    is subjected to automated performance testing prior to shipment. LCM-1 LO-COG ® DC Servo MotorsSeries 8000 magnets enclosed in heavy-gauge steel return rings · Diamond turned commutators ensure maximum brush life · Shaft-mounted pulleys and gears · Ball bearings · Multiple windings · Electromechanical brakes

  4. nature photonics | VOL 1 | APRIL 2007 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics 189 he semiconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheludev, Nikolay

    . Increasingly, cars are equipped with LED indicator and brake lights. Most crucially, however, the LED Electric Company laboratories, Marshall Nathan of IBM and Robert Rediker of MIT, and their co (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) senior member at the US Embassy in Moscow5

  5. A Probabilistic Particle Control Approximation of Chance Constrained Stochastic Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    and can control a ground vehicle while being robust to brake failures. I. INTRODUCTION Robust control such as failures. We demonstrate in simulation that the new method is able to control an aircraft in turbulence control ensures that failure is prevented under all possible uncertainties. In many cases, for example

  6. RESEARCH FRONT CSIRO PUBLISHING Foreword

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    it is now being used extensively in industry[3] and for items such as car brake linings[4] and in fire to organisms is not well understood. Antimony is a global contaminant and there is an urgent need to improve of analytical procedures for measuring trace contaminants in water, sediment and biota. He is also director

  7. Computer controllable synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, R.I.; Patil, P.B.

    1989-08-08

    A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements. 6 figs.

  8. Computer controlled synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, Roy I. (9214 Abbey La., Ypsilanti, MI 48198); Patil, Prabhakar B. (10294 W. Outer Dr., Detroit, MI 48223)

    1989-01-01

    A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements.

  9. 1.2.3. internal event and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    main gear wheel 3.1.1.3.2.2 braking system's logical design 3.1.1.3.2.3 divergence between consequences of design and behaviour expected by CRW 3.1.1.3.2.3.1 behavior expected by CRW 3.1.1.3.2.3.1.1 `normal

  10. internal event and its description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    main gear wheel 3.1.1.3.2.2 braking system's logical design 3.1.1.3.2.3 divergence between consequences of design and behaviour expected by CRW 3.1.1.3.2.3.1 behavior expected by CRW 3.1.1.3.2.3.1.1 `normal

  11. The 1993 Warsaw Accident (with Michael Hohl)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    with the landing gear very lightly and did not compress the left landing gear leg suÆciently (p9) (DESIGN). #15; q speed of 72 kts (p9) (DESIGN) and because the crew used full aps which disabled the braking system until the recorded touchdown (p32) (DESIGN). #15; r) The deceleration decreased because a layer of water

  12. Lecture notes Introductory fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malham, Simon J.A.

    Lecture notes Introductory fluid mechanics Simon J.A. Malham Simon J.A. Malham (15th September 2014 of fluid mechanics and along the way see lots of interesting applications. 2 Fluid flow, the Continuum are generally incompressible--a feature essential to all modern car braking mechanisms. Fluids can be further

  13. Lecture notes Introductory incompressible fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malham, Simon J.A.

    Lecture notes Introductory incompressible fluid mechanics Simon J.A. Malham Simon J.A. Malham (23rd of fluid mechanics and along the way see lots of interesting applications. 2 Fluid flow, the Continuum. Liquids are generally incompressible--a feature essential to all modern car braking mechanisms. Fluids can

  14. AME 436, 2nd Midterm Exam Study Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Brake torque, power, MEP · Efficiency - thermal, mechanical, volumetric · Emissions · Ideal-gas cycle Indicated Mean Effective Pressure (IMEPg)? b) What is the Pumping Mean Effective Pressure (PMEP)? c) If the volumetric efficiency is 100%, what is the air mass flow rate ( mair )? d) What is the net indicated thermal

  15. Author's personal copy Journal of Hazardous Materials 185 (2011) 983989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    2011-01-01

    of frond harvesting regimes and arsenic levels in refill water Seenivasan Natarajana,1 , Robert H. Stampsa online 8 October 2010 Keywords: Chinese brake fern Hydroponic tanks Phytoremediation Frond harvest Water, three frond-harvesting regimes (all, mature, and senescing fronds) and two water-refilling schemes

  16. Thermal Evolution of Strange Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou Xia; Wang Lingzhi; Zhou Aizhi

    2007-09-03

    We investigated the thermal evolution of rotating strange stars with the deconfinement heating due to magnetic braking. We consider the stars consisting of either normal quark matter or color-flavor-locked phase. Combining deconfinement heating with magnetic field decay, we find that the thermal evolution curves are identical to pulsar data.

  17. Multispectral Machine Vision for Improved Undercarriage Inspection of Railroad Rolling Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todorovic, Sinisa

    mechanical or electrical systems, for example, brakes and traction motors, respectively. Thermal energy are developing a machine vision system to improve both the efficiency and effectiveness of this inspection. Camera location was the first to be considered because it affects various other design elements

  18. ATriP to Halifax By SaulWilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, W. Stephen

    taking some pictures from the far end of the platform, we boarded the last car, a Quiet Car, so I could consist of a mere six Amfleet cars led by a single AEM- 7. (Evidently the temporary elimination of Acela service due to cracks on their brakes had created a serious lack of Amfleet cars; normal trains would have

  19. An architect wants to design a 5 m high circular pillar with a radius of 0.5 m that holds a bronze statue that weighs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    -03= 7E+05 Pa (about 7 times the atmospheric pressure). #12;6 Force and pressure A P=0 Vacuum Air (P=1. #12;8 Does the shape of the container matter? NO!! #12;9 Hydraulic brake 6.4 cm2 1.8 cm2 F=44 N R=0

  20. The Plasma Magnet for Deep Space Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepherd, Simon

    . Expansion is halted by solar wind pressure is in balance with the magnetic pressure from the driven currentsW RF power ·Magnetic shielding of spacecraft from high energy solar particles ·Magneto-braking in magnetosphere of outer planets ·Electrical power generation from back emf on RF field coils from solar plasma

  1. Fuel Quality & Metering Current Status and Future Needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuel Quality & Metering Current Status and Future Needs DOE Tank Safety Workshop Sandia National with enforcing the quality standards for Gasoline, Diesel, Motor Oil, Coolants, Brake Fluid, ATF, and Hydrogen commercial weighing, measuring, or counting device. This includes all Retail Motor Fuel devices (California

  2. "Are You Getting Your Money's Worth?" CC ONSUMERONSUMER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pumps. We also test the quality of; gasoline, diesel fuel, motor oil, and brake fluid you didn't get. · When buying gasoline, look at the pump reading before the start of fuel delivery. The reading should be cleared and the pump set at zero be- fore you dispense fuel. · Check your receipts

  3. The Plasma Magnet John Slough

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepherd, Simon

    power from the solar wind. ·The ultimate spacecraft speed powered by the plasma magnet the Solar Wind plications: ulti-MW thruster leveraged from multi-KW RF power agneto-braking in magnetosphere (rotor) creating an expanding magnetized bubble. Expansion is halted by solar wind pressure is in balance

  4. The New PulsarSupernova Remnant System PSR J1119\\Gamma6127 and SNR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). The mean MJD of this observation (51404.4) is just six days after a glitch reported by Camilo et al. (2000:31 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma23 Epoch of period (MJD) 51398 48355.00 Braking index, n 2:91 \\Sigma 0:01 2:837 \\Sigma 0

  5. A Smart Walker to Understand Walking Abilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poupart, Pascal

    for Aging, Village of Winston Park, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, CIHR, NSERC #12;3 Outline · Motivation? Pascal Poupart, 11/21/2008 #12;7 Smart Walker walker devices + caregivers users Force sensors Load, brakes, load) ­ environment (obstacles) · Why? ­ Detect falls ­ Monitor users ­ Ensure safety #12;9 i

  6. Provided to Michigan State University as an example system description for educational purposes only. All questions should be directed to the instructor, Dr. Betty H.C. Cheng at Michigan State University.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    idle when the vehicle is stopped, the average car's fuel economy will improve by about 3.5 %. While emissions are reduced by approximately 4%, making this a truly green technology. Assisted Direct Start emissions. The engine is automatically restarted when the driver releases the brake and engages the gas

  7. Model Based Safety Assessment Dynamic System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoras, .Romulus

    Assessment Techniques ·Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) ­ Model: from a local failure to its system chain .... 2 Functional FMEA template FT unannunciated loss of wheel braking #12;Drawbacks of the Classical Safety Assessment Techniques · Fault Tree, FMEA ­ Give failure propagation paths without referring

  8. 3736 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 8, OCTOBER 2010 Asymmetrical Multilevel Inverter for Traction Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    reduces these nine sources to only one: the battery car. The topology also permits full regenerative braking working as a three-level converter. The proposed system is intended for ap- plication in EVs from levels of voltage, bidirectional power supplies are required, and the same happens when regenerative

  9. Efficient high density train operations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gordon, Susanna P. (Oakland, CA); Evans, John A. (Hayward, CA)

    2001-01-01

    The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference. During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

  10. Method of managing interference during delay recovery on a train system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gordon, Susanna P.; Evans, John A.

    2005-12-27

    The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

  11. Voltage control on a train system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gordon, Susanna P.; Evans, John A.

    2004-01-20

    The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

  12. Design and Architecture of the Unified Modular Snake Robot Cornell Wright, Austin Buchan, Ben Brown, Jason Geist, Michael Schwerin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choset, Howie

    Motor Current Joint Angle Actuators 36 V Brushed DC Motor SMA Wire Parking Brake Torque 1.3 Nm (0.95 ft its locomotion. Inside each 2-DOF module are two hobby servos, magnetic encoders, and a Lithium Ion, power, and speed tradeoffs. Each module includes a motor and gear train, an SMA wire actuated bistable

  13. Effects of Plant Age on Arsenic Hyperaccumulation by Pteris vittata L.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    of biomass production lead to higher As accumulation and removal by young plants. This re- search Introduction Arsenic (As) is a ubiquitous trace element present in soils and plants. Natural and anthropogenic of hyperaccumulator plants such as Pteris vittata L (Chinese brake fern) for phyto- extraction of arsenic

  14. [Minor revision posted 11/2/12 (replaces 11/29/07 edition)] Operating Policy and Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    are dependent upon the nature and degree of exposure to wear, deterioration, or malfunction. e. Frequent in lines, tanks, valves, drain pumps, and other parts of air or hydraulic systems- checked daily; (3) Hooks) Excessive brake wear; (6) Excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and excessive chain stretch; and (7

  15. Combustion joining of refractory materials: Carboncarbon composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukasyan, Alexander

    Combustion joining of refractory materials: Carbon­carbon composites Jeremiah D.E. White Department­carbon composite is achieved by employing self-sustained, oxygen-free, high-temperature combustion reactions to a used "core" to produce a brake that meets the performance specifications. The combustion-joining (CJ

  16. A New Microstructural Parameter for the Characterization of Porous Ceramics Derived from a Combination of Stochastic and Mechanical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    materials are of interest for different technical applications e.g. vehicle disc brakes, coatings of turbine in burners of stationary gas turbines or in other high temperature applications. To correlate the properties Materials Simulation (ICAMS), Ruhr-Universit¨at Bochum, Universit¨atsstr. 150, 44801, Bochum, Germany b

  17. Volume 2, Issue 2 GT-CERT NEWSLETTERGeorgia T ech Office of E merg ency Pre pared ne ss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    positions. There are opportunities to be involved with drills and training in the areas of Damage Assessment or other severe weather. Encourage the idea of drilling for a sever weather event, as well as the posting. Vehicle Emergency Kit: Extra fluids (brake fluid, oil, etc.) Jumper cables Tools (pliers, adjustable

  18. miR-153 and miR-335, Ethanol Sensitive MicroRNAs, Control NSC/NPC Maturation during Fetal Brain Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Pai Chi

    2014-05-05

    conclude that miR-335 and miR-153 act as molecular brakes to prevent NSCs/NPCs early maturation by regulating cell differentiation genes during the second trimester, and ethanol leads to organizational defects in the developing cerebral cortex through...

  19. A Modular High Temperature Measurement Set-Up for Semiconductor Device Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    such as combustion engines, car brake systems, turbines or well drilling. Therefore, the high temperature to the exposure to the oxygen in the surrounding air. Apart from measuring device terminal characteristics chambers has several ports for electrical feedthroughs as well as a feedthrough for the cooling liquid

  20. Energy Management for an Onboard Storage System Based on Multi-Objective Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    Energy Management for an Onboard Storage System Based on Multi-Objective Optimization Tobias Knoke an onboard energy storage, the overhead line peak power and energy consumption can be reduced. The storage. This can be achieved by using an onboard energy storage, which recuperates the power during the braking

  1. TRANSPORTATION SERVICES VEHICLE RENTAL FEES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) $120.00 PARTS + 10% BRAKE SHOE REPLACEMENT (REAR) $180.00 PARTS + 10% ENGINE FLUSH $60.00 OIL CHANGE $60.00 QM HEAVY EQUIPMENT & OTHERS QM VEHICLES $250.00 SAFETY CHECK $20.00 TIRE SERVICE HEAVY EQUIPMENT TIRE SERVICE FLAT REPAIR $30.00 TIRE SERVICE REPLACEMENT

  2. School of Computing, Informatics and Decision System Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainekos, Georgios E.

    driving - which would mean a loss of some control and in many cars also disables power steering. Braking is in error. The ECU monitors certain driving conditions, and when the engine is found to be out of tolerance an optimal driving condition outside its prescribed tolerances, a rough idle or stalling situation ensues

  3. AVL-PASSION AND RESULTS AVL is the world's largest privately owned company for development, simulation and testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    AVL- PASSION AND RESULTS AVL is the world's largest privately owned company for development and the 2 biggest contributors to losses are oil pump and open clutches. This means that the layout number of open clutches/brakes with following constrains: 1. Number of gears 2. Gear range (top gear

  4. High voltage bus and auxiliary heater control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Murty, Balarama Vempaty (West Bloomfield, MI)

    2000-01-01

    A control system for an electric or hybrid electric vehicle includes a vehicle system controller and a control circuit having an electric immersion heater. The heater is electrically connected to the vehicle's high voltage bus and is thermally coupled to a coolant loop containing a heater core for the vehicle's climate control system. The system controller responds to cabin heat requests from the climate control system by generating a pulse width modulated signal that is used by the control circuit to operate the heater at a duty cycle appropriate for the amount of cabin heating requested. The control system also uses the heater to dissipate excess energy produced by an auxiliary power unit and to provide electric braking when regenerative braking is not desirable and manual braking is not necessary. The control system further utilizes the heater to provide a safe discharge of a bank of energy storage capacitors following disconnection of the battery or one of the high voltage connectors used to transmit high voltage operating power to the various vehicle systems. The control circuit includes a high voltage clamping circuit that monitors the voltage on the bus and operates the heater to clamp down the bus voltage when it exceeds a pre-selected maximum voltage. The control system can also be used to phase in operation of the heater when the bus voltage exceeds a lower threshold voltage and can be used to phase out the auxiliary power unit charging and regenerative braking when the battery becomes fully charged.

  5. The picture represents how motions of distal enzyme loops (shown as thick colored tubes) in the enzyme cyclophilin A can impact the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discovery casts enzymes in new light Similarly, scientists have known for decades that certain structural energy applications, specifically in the area of cellulosic ethanol. Highly efficient enzymes could bring," Agarwal said. "For example, regardless of which company makes a car, they all have wheels and brakes

  6. JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES & LIFE SCIENCES EDUCATION VOLUME 38 2009 87 exceeds the harvesting rate, forest carbon uptake during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grogan, Paul

    , and lifestyle/ social dimensions. For example, is an energy-efficient hybrid car (with regenerative braking the harvesting rate, forest carbon uptake during growth of new trees in the harvested forest or woodlot offsets, Increasing energy costs as well as concerns about climate change associated with fossil fuel use have

  7. Fachgebiet Konstruktion von Maschinensystemen Prof. Dr.Ing. Henning J. Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machinery System Design Design of suspension and braking systems for mobile working machines and off road.km.tuberlin.de June 2426, 2008 ETH Zurich Contents · requirements · system design · network topology and configuration A company designing software for leasing of construction machines · GeoSat A company specialized

  8. Rachel Andrews Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachel Andrews Georgia Institute of Technology Oscar Franzese Energy & Transportation Science) are roller dynamometers currently used to measure CMV brake efficiency. During a PBBT test, the CMV driver. Acknowledgements: Gary Capps, Mary Beth Lascurain Energy & Transportation Science Division Zane Pannell Pellissippi

  9. U31: Vehicle Stability and Dynamics: Electronic Stability Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrolino, Joseph; Spezia, Tony; Arant, Michael; Delorenzis, Damon; LaClair, Tim J; Lim, Alvin; Pape, Doug

    2011-01-01

    A team led by NTRCI is working to improve the roll and yaw stability of heavy duty combination trucks through developing stability algorithms, assembling demonstration hardware, and investigating robust wireless communication. Modern electronic stability control (ESC) products automatically slow a vehicle rounding a corner too quickly or apply individual brakes when necessary to improve the steering characteristics of a vehicle. Air brake systems in North America provide no electronic communication between a tractor and semitrailer, limiting the degree to which control systems can be optimized. Prior research has demonstrated stability improvements where dynamic measurements and control commands are communicated between units of a vehicle. Three related activities were undertaken: (1) Develop an algorithm for the optimum yaw and roll control of a combination vehicle. Vehicle state parameters needed to control the vehicle and the proper brake response were determined. An integrated stability control for the tractor and semitrailer requires communication between the two units. Dynamic models were used to assess the algorithm. (2) Implement the ESC algorithm in the laboratory. Hardware components suitable for the harsh environment for measurement, sensor-to-controller communication, and semitrailer-to-tractor communication and brake actuation were specified and assembled as a working system. The goal was to collect the needed vehicle state information, transmit the information to the ESC system, and then actuate the brakes in response to controller commands. (3) Develop a wireless network with the data rate and reliability necessary to communicate dynamic signals for a vehicle stability control system. Adaptive connectivity-aware, multi-hop routing was selected because it can perform in the harsh environment where packet collisions and fading often will exist. The protocol is to give high priority to urgent messages.

  10. Transporting container for an amputated extremity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, S.W.

    1988-02-09

    A container assembly for transporting of an amputated extremity to a location for replantation is described comprising: an inner compartment adapted to receive an amputated extremity, the inner compartment being defined by a wall, an access opening providing access into the inner compartment, the access opening being closable; a completely closed outer compartment surrounding the inner compartment, the outer compartment abutting the wall; and cooling bags located within the outer compartment, Each cooling bag contains a pair of substances when mixed results in the production of a cooling affect. Each cooling bag contains chambers. The chambers are connected but separate. One of the substances is a granulized solid. The granulized solid is located within the separate chambers, whereby upon mixing occurring of the substances substantially even distribution of the cooling affect is obtained across the entire width of the inner compartment due to mixing between the substances occurring within each chamber.

  11. Methods and Cost of Handling Texas Citrus, 1946-51. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorensen, H. B.; Baker, C. K.

    1953-01-01

    Texas Citrus TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STAT10 R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION. TEXAS DIGEST The citrus industry in Texas underwent considerable change during the 1946-51 period. 7 of production dropped from a high of 29,800,000 boxes... in the use of containers for fresh citrus showed the rise in popularity of consumer-size mesh bags. The increase in proportion of these bags was from 2 percent of the total to 13 percent for grapefruit and from 10 percent to 32 percent for oranges...

  12. High reduction transaxle for electric vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalns, Ilmars

    1987-01-01

    A drivetrain (12) includes a transaxle assembly (16) for driving ground engaging wheels of a land vehicle powered by an AC motor. The transaxle includes a ratio change section having planetary gear sets (24, 26) and brake assemblies (28, 30). Sun gears (60, 62) of the gear sets are directly and continuously connected to an input drive shaft (38) driven by the motor. A first drive (78a) directly and continuously connects a planetary gear carrier (78) of gear sets (24) with a ring gear (68) of gear set (26). A second drive (80a) directly and continuously connects a planetary gear carrier (80) of gear set (26) with a sun gear (64) of a final speed reduction gear set (34) having a planetary gear carrier directly and continuously connected to a differential (22). Brakes (28, 30) are selectively engageable to respectively ground a ring gear 66 of gear set 24 and ring gear 68 of gear set 26.

  13. Mechanisms of Organic-inorganic Interactions in Soils and Aqueous Environments Elucidated using Calorimetric Techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey, Omar R.

    2011-08-08

    : bacteria, viruses and spores; roads, tire and brake abrasions; and fine soil particles [20]. Secondary organic aerosols (SOAs) are formed through condensation of VOCs in the atmosphere [20]. Estimates of atmospheric organic matter production are very... of the biochar formed during pyrolysis is dependent on combustion conditions (eg. temperature, combustion duration and oxygen supply) and the chemistry of the original plant tissues. As combustion temperature increases transformation of plant tissues occur via...

  14. Load Stability Alarm Paul Moldovan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    Wheel Hitches · Special connecter in bed of pick-up truck · Completely different than the previous://images.hayneedle.com/mgen/master:C TM933.jpg 6 #12;Towing Technology cont'd · Most trailers have own light and brake system · Connects.thefuntimesguide.com/images/blogs/fifth -wheel-trailer-and-pickup-truck-public-domain.gif 7 #12;Consumer · Ideal consumer is every person who

  15. Heavy Truck Engine Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Christopher

    2009-01-08

    The Heavy Duty Truck Engine Program at Cummins embodied three significant development phases. All phases of work strove to demonstrate a high level of diesel engine efficiency in the face of increasingly stringent emission requirements. Concurrently, aftertreatment system development and refinement was pursued in support of these efficiency demonstrations. The program's first phase focused on the demonstration in-vehicle of a high level of heavy duty diesel engine efficiency (45% Brake Thermal Efficiency) at a typical cruise condition while achieving composite emissions results which met the 2004 U.S. EPA legislated standards. With a combination of engine combustion calibration tuning and the development and application of Urea-based SCR and particulate aftertreatment, these demonstrations were successfully performed by Q4 of 2002. The second phase of the program directed efforts towards an in-vehicle demonstration of an engine system capable of meeting 2007 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements while achieving 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency at cruise conditions. Through further combustion optimization, the refinement of Cummins Cooled EGR architecture, the application of a high pressure common rail fuel system and the incorporation of optimized engine parasitics, Cummins Inc. successfully demonstrated these deliverables in Q2 of 2004. The program's final phase set a stretch goal of demonstrating 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency from a heavy duty diesel engine system capable of meeting 2010 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements. Cummins chose to pursue this goal through further combustion development and refinement of the Cooled EGR system architecture and also applied a Rankine cycle Waste Heat Recovery technique to convert otherwise wasted thermal energy to useful power. The engine and heat recovery system was demonstrated to achieve 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency while operating at a torque peak condition in second quarter, 2006. The 50% efficient engine system was capable of meeting 2010 emissions requirements through the application of NOx and particulate matter reduction techniques proven earlier in the program.

  16. Direct drive wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bywaters, Garrett Lee; Danforth, William; Bevington, Christopher; Stowell, Jesse; Costin, Daniel

    2006-09-19

    A wind turbine is provided that minimizes the size of the drive train and nacelle while maintaining the power electronics and transformer at the top of the tower. The turbine includes a direct drive generator having an integrated disk brake positioned radially inside the stator while minimizing the potential for contamination. The turbine further includes a means for mounting a transformer below the nacelle within the tower.

  17. Direct drive wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bywaters, Garrett; Danforth, William; Bevington, Christopher; Jesse, Stowell; Costin, Daniel

    2007-02-27

    A wind turbine is provided that minimizes the size of the drive train and nacelle while maintaining the power electronics and transformer at the top of the tower. The turbine includes a direct drive generator having an integrated disk brake positioned radially inside the stator while minimizing the potential for contamination. The turbine further includes a means for mounting a transformer below the nacelle within the tower.

  18. Direct drive wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bywaters, Garrett; Danforth, William; Bevington, Christopher; Stowell, Jesse; Costin, Daniel

    2006-07-11

    A wind turbine is provided that minimizes the size of the drive train and nacelle while maintaining the power electronics and transformer at the top of the tower. The turbine includes a direct drive generator having an integrated disk brake positioned radially inside the stator while minimizing the potential for contamination. The turbine further includes a means for mounting a transformer below the nacelle within the tower.

  19. Direct drive wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bywaters, Garrett; Danforth, William; Bevington, Christopher; Jesse, Stowell; Costin, Daniel

    2006-10-10

    A wind turbine is provided that minimizes the size of the drive train and nacelle while maintaining the power electronics and transformer at the top of the tower. The turbine includes a direct drive generator having an integrated disk brake positioned radially inside the stator while minimizing the potential for contamination. The turbine further includes a means for mounting a transformer below the nacelle within the tower.

  20. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    /min Li evaporation. · No HeGDC between shots. · Shorten shot to 500-600 ms to reduce shot cycle to 10 is to study the effect of rotation on the L-H threshold power. n=3 braking will be used to vary the rotation) and at higher rotation (NHTX, ST-CTF). 3. Experimental run plan · Establish L-H threshold power in low