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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Rice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rice Rice Nature Bulletin No. 364-A January 10, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation RICE The Biblical saying, "All flesh is grass", is food for thought. Civilization depends on agriculture; and agriculture, fundamentally, depends upon the seeds of grasses that were originally wild: principally wheat, rice and corn; to a lesser extent upon barley, rye, oats and millet, These are the cereal grains that feed us. The seeds, stems and leaves of these and other grasses also sustain the animals upon which we depend for meat. Millet and, later, barley were apparently the first grains to be cultivated but civilization really arrived, probably 10, 000 years ago, when man learned how to grow wheat. He learned how to make bread, the staff of life. About the same time, in southeastern Asia, he learned how to cultivate rice and boil it for food. To lessen his labor, he invented the plow, the wheel and the cart. Here in the western hemisphere he domesticated maize, which we call corn. Until those times the land would not support relatively dense populations nor the central cities that advanced the progress of civilization.

2

Hull | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hull Hull Jump to: navigation, search Name Hull Place Dublin, Ohio Sector Biomass, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product US-based company that develop renewable energy projects using solar, biomass, landfill gas, and wind energy technologies. Coordinates 40.0992294°, -83.1140771° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0992294,"lon":-83.1140771,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Conversion of bagasse cellulose into ethanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The study conducted by Arkenol was designed to test the conversion of feedstocks such as sugar cane bagasse, sorghum, napier grass and rice straw into fermentable sugars, and then ferment these sugars using natural yeasts and genetically engineered Zymomonis mobilis bacteria (ZM). The study did convert various cellulosic feedstocks into fermentable sugars utilizing the patented Arkenol Concentrated Acid Hydrolysis Process and equipment at the Arkenol Technology Center in Orange, California. The sugars produced using this process were in the concentration range of 12--15%, much higher than the sugar concentrations the genetically engineered ZM bacteria had been developed for. As a result, while the ZM bacteria fermented the produced sugars without initial inhibition, the completion of high sugar concentration fermentations was slower and at lower yield than predicted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Natural yeasts performed as expected by Arkenol, similar to the results obtained over the last four years of testing. Overall, at sugar concentrations in the 10--13% range, yeast produced 850090% theoretical ethanol yields and ZM bacteria produced 82--87% theoretical yields in 96 hour fermentations. Additional commercialization work revealed the ability to centrifugally separate and recycle the ZM bacteria after fermentation, slight additional benefits from mixed culture ZM bacteria fermentations, and successful utilization of defined media for ZM bacteria fermentation nutrients in lieu of natural media.

Cuzens, J.E.

1997-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

4

Hull Wind: A Community Gets Green  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hull Wind Hull Wind A Community Gets Green Community Wind Power National Renewable Energy Laboratory September 18, 2012 Andrew Stern Executive Director Action for Clean Energy, Inc. www. ActionforCleanEnergy.org "A non-profit helping citizens and communities get green..." 1990 GM SunRayce WPI Starduster Windmill Point Hull, Massachusetts 1990 GM SunRayce WPI Starduster Windmill Point Hull, Massachusetts 1 kW solar array 5 kWh AgZn battery Top speed: 70 mph 80+ mpg equivalent 1650 miles 32 colleges MIT Solar House -2007 DOE Solar House Windmill Point Hull, Massachusetts

5

Hull Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Farm Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hull Wind Farm Facility Hull Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hull Municipal Light Department Developer Hull Municipal Light Department Energy Purchaser Hull Municipal Light Department Location Hull MA Coordinates 42.2727°, -70.8597° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2727,"lon":-70.8597,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Economic feasibility of bagasse charcoal in Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The economics of implementing bagasse-based charcoal manufacturing in Haiti was investigated. From these main inputs, three different manufacturing economic scenarios were modeled using a simple, dynamic excel spreadsheet. ...

Kamimoto, Lynn K. (Lynn Kam Oi)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

RECIPIENT:Hull Municipal Light Plant STATE: MA PROJECT TITLE...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 01 :L RECIPIENT:Hull Municipal Light Plant STATE: MA PROJECT TITLE: Hull Offshore Wind Research and Development Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement...

8

Accelerating volume rendering with texture hulls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Texture-mapping hardware has been successfully exploited for volume rendering. In this paper, we propose algorithms for texture-based volume rendering accelerated by texture hulls that avoid the transferring and compositing of empty voxels. We have developed ... Keywords: 2D texture-based volume rendering, bounding shapes, contour simplification, empty space skipping, graphics hardware, texture hulls

Wei Li; Arie Kaufman

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Wild Rice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is an Algonquin Indian name for Wild Rice, the most productive and valuable wild grain crop we have. Wild rice and acorns were two crops harvested in autumn by the Indians in...

10

Hull-Mounted Sea Surface Temperatures from Ships of Opportunity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design and deployment of an inexpensive hull temperature sensor and data logger system was undertaken for the purpose of improving the measurement of sea surface temperature (SST) by ship-of-opportunity merchant vessels. The resulting hull ...

W. J. Emery; K. Cherkauer; B. Shannon; R. W. Reynolds

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

WIND DATA REPORT WBZ Tower, Hull, MA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND DATA REPORT WBZ Tower, Hull, MA 9/1/06-11/30/06 Prepared for Department of Energy (DOE) Golden the closest tower leg The data from the SecondWind Nomad2 logger is emailed to the Renewable Energy Research Energy Research Laboratory Page 10 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 #12;Wind Speed

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

12

Catalytic gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of catalytic gasification of bagasse to produce methanol. In previous studies, a catalytic steam gasification process was developed which converted wood to methanol synthesis gas in one step using nickel based catalysts in a fluid-bed gasifier. Tests in a nominal 1 ton/day process development unit (PDU) gasifier with these same catalysts showed bagasse to be a good feedstock for fluid-bed gasifiers, but the catalysts deactivated quite rapidly in the presence of bagasse. Laboratory catalyst screening tests showed K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ doped on the bagasse to be a promising catalyst for converting bagasse to methanol synthesis gas. PDU tests with 10 wt % K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ doped on bagasse showed the technical feasibility of this type of catalyst on a larger scale. A high quality synthesis gas was produced and carbon conversion to gas was high. The gasifier was successfully operated without forming agglomerates of catalyst, ash, and char in the gasifier. There was no loss of activity throughout the runs because catalysts is continually added with the bagasse. Laboratory tests showed about 80% of the potassium carbonate could be recovered and recycled with a simple water wash. An economic evaluation of the process for converting bagasse to methanol showed the required selling price of methanol to be significantly higher than the current market price of methanol. Several factors make this current evaluaton using bagasse as a feedstock less favorable: (1) capital costs are higher due to inflation and some extra costs required to use bagasse, (2) smaller plant sizes were considered so economies of scale are lost, and (3) the market price of methanol in the US has fallen 44% in the last six months. 24 refs., 14 figs., 16 tabs.

Baker, E.G.; Brown, M.D.; Robertus, R.J.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Life cycle assessment of bagasse waste management options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bagasse is mostly utilized for steam and power production for domestic sugar mills. There have been a number of alternatives that could well be applied to manage bagasse, such as pulp production, conversion to biogas and electricity production. The selection of proper alternatives depends significantly on the appropriateness of the technology both from the technical and the environmental points of view. This work proposes a simple model based on the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) to evaluate the environmental impacts of various alternatives for dealing with bagasse waste. The environmental aspects of concern included global warming potential, acidification potential, eutrophication potential and photochemical oxidant creation. Four waste management scenarios for bagasse were evaluated: landfilling with utilization of landfill gas, anaerobic digestion with biogas production, incineration for power generation, and pulp production. In landfills, environmental impacts depended significantly on the biogas collection efficiency, whereas incineration of bagasse to electricity in the power plant showed better environmental performance than that of conventional low biogas collection efficiency landfills. Anaerobic digestion of bagasse in a control biogas reactor was superior to the other two energy generation options in all environmental aspects. Although the use of bagasse in pulp mills created relatively high environmental burdens, the results from the LCA revealed that other stages of the life cycle produced relatively small impacts and that this option might be the most environmentally benign alternative.

Kiatkittipong, Worapon [Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom 73000 (Thailand); National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Wongsuchoto, Porntip [National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Pavasant, Prasert [National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)], E-mail: prasert.p@chula.ac.th

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Hull, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hull, Massachusetts: Energy Resources Hull, Massachusetts: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.3020436°, -70.9078243° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3020436,"lon":-70.9078243,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

Hull Wind II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

II Wind Farm II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hull Wind II Wind Farm Facility Hull II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hull Municipal Light Department Developer Hull Municipal Light Department Energy Purchaser Hull Municipal Light Department Location Hull MA Coordinates 42.2727°, -70.8597° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2727,"lon":-70.8597,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

Hull Wind II: A Case Study of the Development of a Second Large Wind Turbine Installation in the Town of Hull, MA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hull Wind II: A Case Study of the Development of a Second Large Wind Turbine Installation of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts * Hull Municipal Light and Water, Hull, Massachusetts American Wind Energy community: since 2001 the town's municipal light plant (HMLP) has owned and operated "Hull Wind I

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

17

Paper pulp from sugar mill bagasse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a continuation-in-part of US Serial No. 884,513, abandoned. Neutral sulfite semichemical (NSSC) cooking of depithed bagasse gave pulp with improved physicomechanical properties for use in the production of newsprint paper. Thus, the NSSC cooking at 170-175/sup 0/ gave pulp in 70-75% yield. The NSSC pulp as above was bleached with alkali H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ at 50-70/sup 0/ to give a product with breaking load 8.7 kg, tensile 3.9%, breaking length 7.13 km, absolute tearing strength 135 cmg/cm, absolute bursting strength 3.8 kg/sq. cm and Elrepho brightness 61.

Krueger, H.; Berndt, W.; Schwartzkopff, U.; Reitter, F.J.; Hoepner, T.; Muehlig, H.J.

1981-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

The effect of flaxseed hulls on expanded corn meal products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brown flaxseed hulls were added to de-germed corn meal and processed into extrudates with acceptable texture and increased nutritional benefits. The addition of brown flaxseed hulls to a corn based expanded snack increases the dietary fiber, alpha omega 3 fatty acids, and antioxidants levels. The addition of flaxseed hulls to a corn based snack can increase its susceptibility to oxidative rancidity which can limit shelf life. Whole ground tannin sorghum with added brown flaxseed hulls was processed into extrudates and texture, antioxidant activity, and stability were evaluated. Brown flaxseed hulls were mixed with de-germed yellow corn meal in ratios of 0:100, 15:85, 20:80, and 25:75 (w/w) and extruded with 12 and 15% feed moistures using a twin screw extruder to produce direct expanded extrudates. Expansion of extrudates containing brown hulls decreased as the amount of hulls increased. Dried extrudates had acceptable flavor immediately after processing. Total phenols and antioxidant activity of extrudates containing 20 and 25% brown flaxseed hulls, extruded at 15% feed moisture were higher than de-germed corn meal extruded at 16% feed moisture. Brown flaxseed hulls were added at 20% to whole ground white and sumac (tannin) sorghums and processed into extrudates. Expansion increased for sorghum extrudates containing brown flaxseed hulls. The addition of brown flaxseed hulls increased antioxidant activity and total phenols of both white and sumac (tannin) extrudates. The sumac (tannin) extrudates had the longest delay in producing off odor (paintlike odor) and had the lowest p-Anisidine values compared to white (ATX631x RTX 436) sorghum and corn meal with added flaxseed hulls. Corn meal extrudates with 20% brown flaxseed hulls produce off odors more rapidly than other extrudates. This suggests that the tannins in sorghum maybe extending shelf life because of their antioxidant activity. The addition of brown flaxseed hulls can be used to increase nutritional value and antioxidant levels in a direct expanded product. Also the use of tannins sorghums in products containing flaxseed may help delay oxidation, thus preventing the occurrence of off odors. Further work needs to be done to verify results.

Barron, Marc Edward

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Hull Municipal Light Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Municipal Light Plant Municipal Light Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Hull Municipal Light Plant Place Massachusetts Utility Id 8797 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Area Lights Rate 150 WATT Lighting Area Lights Rate 250 WATT Lighting Area Lights Rate 400 WATT Lighting Large Power Rate 35 Industrial Large Power Taxable Rate 39 Industrial Municipal Lighting Rate 33 Lighting Municipal Rate 36 Commercial Residential Rate 31 Residential

20

Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Catalytic steam gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) tested the catalytic gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol synthesis gas. The process uses steam, indirect heat, and a catalyst to produce synthesis gas in one step in fluidized bed gasifier. Both laboratory and process development scale (nominal 1 ton/day) gasifiers were used to test two different catalyst systems: (1) supported nickel catalysts and (2) alkali carbonates doped on the bagasse. This paper presents the results of laboratory and process development unit gasification tests and includes an economic evaluation of the process. 20 references, 6 figures, 9 tables.

Baker, E.G.; Brown, M.D.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Reconstruction of shape and reflectance properties based on visual hull  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method based on Visual Hull is proposed for simultaneously recovering an object's shape and its reflectance properties from multiple images. Here, the reflectance properties are described by the Ward BRDF model. Firstly, the shape represented by voxels ...

Zuoyong Zheng; Lizhuang Ma; Zhong Li; Zhihua Chen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while retaining protein value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybean hulls were evaluated as a resource for production of ethanol by the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process, and no pretreatment of the hulls was found to be needed to realize high ethanol yields with S. cerevisiae D5A. The impact of cellulase, -glucosidase and pectinase dosages were determined at a 15% biomass loading, and ethanol concentrations of 25-30 g/L were routinely obtained, while under these conditions corn stover, wheat straw, and switchgrass produced 3-4 times lower ethanol yields. Removal of carbohydrates also concentrated the hull protein to over 25% w/w from the original roughly 10%. Analysis of the soybean hulls before and after fermentation showed similar amino acid profiles including an increase in the essential amino acids lysine and threonine in the residues. Thus, eliminating pretreatment should assure that the protein in the hulls is preserved, and conversion of the carbohydrates to ethanol with high yields produces a more concentrated and valuable co-product in addition to ethanol. The resulting upgraded feed product from soybean hulls would likely to be acceptable to monogastric as well as bovine livestock.

Mielenz, Jonathan R [ORNL; Wyman, Professor Charles E [University of California, Riverside; John, Bardsley [Dartmouth College

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

MEASUREMENT OF TRITIUM DURING VOLOXIDATION OF ZIRCALOY-2 FUEL HULLS  

SciTech Connect

A straightforward method to evaluate the tritium content of Zircaloy-2 cladding hulls via oxidation of the hull and capture of the volatilized tritium in liquids has been demonstrated. Hull samples were heated in air inside a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The TGA was rapidly heated to 1000 C to oxidize the hulls and release absorbed tritium. To capture tritium, the TGA off-gas was bubbled through a series of liquid traps. The concentrations of tritium in bubbler solutions indicated that tritiated water vapor was captured nearly quantitatively. The average tritium content measured in the hulls was 19% of the amount of tritium produced by the fuel, according to ORIGEN2 isotope generation and depletion calculations. Published experimental data show that Zircaloy-2 oxidation follows an Arrhenius model, and that an initial, nonlinear oxidation rate is followed by a faster, linear rate after 'breakaway' of the oxide film. This study demonstrates that the linear oxidation rate of Zircaloy samples at 974 C is faster than predicted by the extrapolation of data from lower temperatures.

Crowder, M.; Laurinat, J.; Stillman, J.

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

25

Conversion of sugarcane bagasse to carboxylic acids under thermophilic conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the inevitable depletion of the petroleum supply and increasing energy demands in the world, interest has been growing in bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass (e.g., sugarcane bagasse). Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, inexpensive, and renewable resource. Most of current conversion technologies require expensive enzymes and sterility. In contrast, the patented MixAlco process requires no enzymes or sterility, making it attractive to convert lignocellulosic biomass to transportation fuels and valuable chemicals. This study focuses on pretreatment and thermophilic fermentation in the MixAlco process. Ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3) was discovered to be a better pH buffer than previously widely used calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in anaerobic fermentations under thermophilic conditions (55C). The desired pH should be controlled within 6.5 to 7.5. Over 85% acetate content in the product was found in paper fermentations and bagasse fermentations. Hot-lime-water-treated bagasse countercurrent fermentations buffered by ammonium bicarbonate achieved 5060% higher total product concentrations than those using calcium carbonate. It was nearly double in paper batch fermentations if the pH was controlled around 7.0. Ammonium bicarbonate is a weak methane inhibitor, so a strong methane inhibitor (e.g., iodoform) is still required in ammonium bicarbonate buffered fermentations. Residual calcium salts did not show significant effects on ammonium bicarbonate buffered fermentations. Lake inocula from the Great Salt Lake, Utah, proved to be feasible in ammonium bicarbonate buffered fermentations. Under mesophilic conditions (40C), the inoculum from the Great Salt Lake increased the total product concentration about 30%, compared to the marine inoculum. No significant fermentation performance difference, however, was found under thermophilic conditions. The Continuum Particle Distribution Model (CPDM) is a powerful tool to predict product concentrations and conversions for long-term countercurrent fermentations, based on batch fermentation data. The experimental acid concentrations and conversions agree well with the CPDM predictions (average absolute error < 15%). Aqueous ammonia treatment proved feasible for bagasse. Air-lime-treated bagasse had the highest acid concentration among the three treated bagasse. Air-lime treatment coupled with ammonium bicarbonate buffered fermentations is preferred for a crop-tofuel process. Aqueous ammonia treatment combined with ammonium bicarbonate buffered fermentations is a viable modification of the MixAlco process, if ammonia recycle is deployed.

Fu, Zhihong

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Volatile fatty acid fermentation of lime-treated bagasse by rumen microorganisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design and operation of a batch, anaerobic, in vitro fermentation of sugarcane bagasse by a mixed culture of ruminal microflora. The bagasse was supplemented with a small amount of alfalfa (0.16 g alfalfa/g bagasse) to provide necessary nutrients. The volatile fatty acid (VFA) product concentrations, yields and proportions of each acid for six different bagasse concentrations (10, 20, 35, 50, 75, and 100 g/L) are reported. Bagasse was treated with calcium hydroxide to increase the digestibility of the cell wall carbohydrates. The treatment conditions were: Ca(OH)2 loading = 10 g/100 g dry bagasse, water loading = 8.5 g/g dry bagasse, temperature 100'C, and treatment time = 1 hour. Compared to untreated bagasse, the lime-treated bagasse gave higher total VFA concentrations, faster rates of acidogenesis, and more stable molar proportions of individual VFA'S. The highest total VFA concentration obtained from lime-treated bagasse was 690 mM (45 g/L). By applying the lime pretreatment, the total VFA concentrations increased over 80% for a 10 g dry bagasse/L loading fermentation (from 4.5g VFA/L to 8.5 g VFAAL) With lime pretreatment, approximately 71 to 96% of the final total VFA yields were accomplished within the initial three days of fermentation, whereas only 52 to 67% were achieved without pretreatment during the same time period. At all solid loadings, the VFA molar compositions resulting from lime-treated bagasse were quite constant: acetate, 64-70%; propionate, 21-28%; butyrate, 6.5-7.6%; and other acids were about 1% each. In this thesis, we examined the effect of higher substrate concentration up to 100 g dry bagasse/L. For untreated bagasse, the VFA yields were fairly constant regardless of substrate concentration (ca. 0.37 g VFA/g dry substrate). However, for lime-treated bagasse, the total VFA yields decreased as the substrate concentrations increased. The best total VFA yield obtained from 10 g/L lime-treated bagasse was 0.63 g VFA/g dry raw substrate (or 0.82 g VFA/g dry ash-free substrate or 0.94 g VFA/g dry ash-free, lignin- free substrate). This is greater than yields previously reported in the literature using lignocellulosic substrates, and hence demonstrates the superiority of this very effective lime pretreatment.

Lee, Chang-Ming

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

A study into the permeability and compressibility of Australian bagasse pulp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This is an experimental study into the permeability and compressibility properties of bagasse pulp pads. Three experimental rigs were custom-built for this project. The experimental (more)

Rainey, Thomas James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The Profinite Hull of Special Groups and Local-Global Principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the Profinite Hull functor of special groups, showing that it gives rise to a new (and strong) local-global principle, the subform reflection property. We also indicate applications of this principle to the abstract algebraic theory of quadratic ... Keywords: Algebraic Theory of Quadratic Forms, Boolean Hull, Local-Global Principles, Profinite Groups, Profinite Hull, Pure Embeddings, Special Groups, Subform Reflection Property

Hugo Luiz Mariano; Francisco Miraglia

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Production of compost with bagasse and vinasses for cane crop in Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent laboratory experiments have shown that a mixture of bagasse, animal manure and vinasse can be transformed into compost suitable for agriculture. The factors necessary for good composting are discussed, these include the carbon-nitrogen ratio, moisture, aeration and temperature. A mixture of 300 kg cane bagasse and 38 kg poultry manure moistened with vinasse gave the best results.

Park, Y.K.; Castro Gomez, R.J.H.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

2013 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner Christine Hull  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

e ciency. e ciency. The Base energy savings success is attributed to the institutionalization of Ms. Hull's Energy STORM program which: Sustains facilities by developing energy e cient projects; Trains occupants in energy conservation practices; Operates facilities at peak e ciency; Renews facilities through retro-commissioning; and Measures and reports energy consumption. Ms. Hull recently refinanced an energy savings performance contract to gain $66 million in investments to improve controls and lighting power management, upgrade 12 central heating and cooling plants, and decrease monthly payments. She also drove the development of a Web-based application to manage and optimize work scheduling that resulted in a 4 percent increase in productivity in FY 2012 from the prior year.

31

Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while preserving protein value  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermentation Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while preserving protein value Jonathan R. Mielenz a,b, * , John S. Bardsley a,c , Charles E. Wyman a,d a Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, United States b BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, United States c Mascoma Corporation, Lebanon, NH 03766, United States d Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92507, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 August 2008 Received in revised form 11 February 2009 Accepted 11 February 2009 Available online 27 March 2009 Keywords: Ethanol SSF Biomass Agricultural residue Animal feed a b s t r a c t Soybean hulls were evaluated as a resource for production of ethanol by the simultaneous saccharifica- tion and fermentation (SSF) process, and no pretreatment

32

RECIPIENT:Hull Municipal Light Plant STATE: MA PROJECT TITLE:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: : Page 1 01 :L RECIPIENT:Hull Municipal Light Plant STATE: MA PROJECT TITLE: Hull Offshore Wind Research and Development Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number 09EE0000326 DE-EE0000326 GFO-OO00326-001 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the foUowing determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply and demand studies), and dissemination (including, but not limited to, document mailings, publication, and distribution; and

33

Design of a bagasse charcoal briquette-making device for use in Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charcoal made from bagasse, the fibrous remains of sugarcane production, has the potential to serve as an alternate cooking fuel in Haiti, where the reliance on wood has led to severe deforestation. Current production ...

Vechakul, Jessica

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

A New Method To Predict Fatigue Crack Growth Life for the Armored Hull  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on theories of dynamics of multi-body systems and linear elastic fracture mechanics, by using virtual prototyping technique, the model of tracked vehicle is established, and stress spectrums of the armored hulls weak points are tested by ... Keywords: Virtual Prototyping, Virtual Test, Fatigue Crack Grow, Simulation

Wang Hongyan; Yang Tao; Shang Qigang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Anaerobic fermentation of rice straw and chicken manure to carboxylic acids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, 80% lime-treated rice straw and 20% lime-treated chicken manure were used as substrates in rotary fermentors. Countercurrent fermentation was performed at various volatile solid loading rates (VSLR) and liquid residence times (LRT). The highest acid productivity of 1.69 g/(L?·d) was at a total acid concentration of 32.4 g/L. The highest conversion and yield were 0.692 g VS digested/g VS fed and 0.29 g total acids/g VS fed, respectively. The continuum particle distribution model (CPDM) was used to predict product concentrations at various VSLR and LRT. CPDM predicted the experimental total acid concentration and conversion at an average error of 6.41% and 6.55%, respectively. A fixed-bed fermentation system was designed to perform pretreatment and fermentation in the same unit. High product concentrations (~48 g/L) as well as high conversions (0.741 g VS digested/g VS fed, F4, Train B) were obtained from the same fermentor. CPDM was extended to predict product concentrations in the fixed-bed fermentation system. The model gave a good estimate of the product concentrations and retention time. After biomass fermentation, the residue can be combusted to generate heat. For pretreatment purposes, the use of ash can replace lime. A study was performed using ash as a potential pretreatment agent. Ash from raw poplar wood was effective in pretreating poplar wood; however, ash from bagasse fermentation residues was not useful in pretreating bagasse. Previous modeling studies indicate that a conversion of 95% could be achieved with bagasse using countercurrent fermentation. Because lignin constitutes 13% of the dry weight of bagasse, this means lignin would have to be digested to obtain a conversion of 95%. Experiments on the fermentation of enzymatically liberated lignin from both poplar wood and bagasse do not show that solubilized lignin was fermented to organic acids by using a mixed culture of marine microorganisms. Two buffer systems (ammonium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate) were used to compare product concentrations of carboxylic acid fermentations using office paper and chicken manure. It has been demonstrated that the total product concentration using ammonium bicarbonate is almost double the product concentration using calcium carbonate.

Agbogbo, Frank Kwesi

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Feasibility study for bagasse congeneration in Kenya. Final report. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Kenya's Ministry of Agriculture. The purpose of the report is to determine the economic, technical, and financial viability of implementing bagasse based cogeneration projects in Kenya. The study is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Terms of Reference, (3) Bagasse Fuel for Generation, (4) The Electrical Power Situation in Kenya, (5) Export Electricity Potential from Nyando Sugar Belt, (6) Export Potential from Proposed New Sugar Factories; (7) Financial, (8) Project Financing, (9) Demonstration Project.

Not Available

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Sugarcane juice extraction and preservation, and long-term lime pretreatment of bagasse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New technologies, such as an efficient vapor-compression evaporator, a stationary lime kiln (SLK), and the MixAlco process, compelled us to re-evaluate methods for producing sugar from cane. These technologies allow more water and lime to be used, and they add more value to bagasse. Extracting and preserving the sugars, and lime pretreating the bagasse to enhance biodigestibility, all at the same time in a pile, was demonstrated to be unfeasible; therefore, sugar extraction must occur before lime treating the bagasse. Sugar extraction should occur countercurrently by lixiviation, where liquid moves in stages opposite to the soaked bagasse (megasse), which is conveyed by screw-press conveyors that gently squeeze the fiber in each stage, improving extraction. The performance of a pilot-scale screw-press conveyor was tested for dewatering capabilities and power consumption. The unoptimized equipment decreased megasse moisture from 96 to 89%. Simulation of the process suggested that eight stages are necessary to achieve 98% recovery from typical sugarcane. The cumulative power for the screw-press conveyor system was 17.02.1 hp?h/ton dry fiber. Thin raw juice preserved with lime for several months showed no sucrose degradation and no quality deterioration, except for reducing sugar destruction. The lime loading needed for 1-year preservation is 0.20 g Ca(OH)2/g sucrose. Shorter times require less lime. After preservation, the juice was carbonated and filtered, and the resulting sludge pelletized. Due to their high organic content, the pellets were too weak for calcination temperatures used in the SLK. The organics must be decreased prior to pelletization and sodium must be supplemented as a binding agent. Long-term lime pretreatment of bagasse showed two delignification phases: bulk (rapid) and residual (slow). These were modeled by two simultaneous first-order reactions. Treatments with air purging and higher temperatures (50 ? 57oC) delignified more effectively, especially during the residual phase, thus yielding higher cellulase-enzyme digestibilities after 2 ? 8 weeks of treatment. At temperatures > 60oC, pure oxygen purging is preferred. Fresh bagasse was of better quality than old bagasse. Treatment with NaOH yielded a larger bulk delignification phase than Ca(OH)2. Long-term lime pulping of bagasse was unsuitable for copy-quality paper, but it was appropriate for strawboard and other filler applications.

Granda Cotlear, Cesar Benigno

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Genetic diversity and species relationships in the Oryza complex and glufosinate tolerance in rice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The weed red rice is a major problem in rice producing areas world wide. All of the red rice in commercial rice fields in the United States has traditionally been considered to be the same species as commercial rice, Oryza sativa. However, using DNA markers it was found that most of the red rice with black hulls was sufficiently divergent to be considered a separate species. This includes TX4, a red rice ecotype that has been reported to have considerable natural tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate. TX4 is closely related to samples that have been classified as Oryza rufipogon. However, it was shown that both the TX4-like red rice from commercial fields and most of the Oryza rufipogon accessions in the US National Small Grains Collection are more accurately classified as Oryza nivara. This is significant since Oryza rufipogon is regulated under the Federal Noxious Weed Act, while Oryza nivara is not. Oryza nivara closely related to TX4 was found to be widely distributed across the rice production areas of Texas and was also found in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Of 240 samples from across Texas, 23 samples from six different counties were identical with TX4 with all 18 DNA markers tested. The reported glufosinate tolerance of TX4 is a potential problem since this same herbicide would be used in conjunction with genetically modified (GM) that is being developed as a method of red rice control. Thus, field, greenhouse and tissue culture studies were conducted to evaluate the degree of glufosinate tolerance in TX4. TX4 typically was severely damaged by glufosinate, but not efficiently controlled. Even with the maximum number of herbicide applications at the proposed maximum label rate, TX4 often re-sprouted and produced viable seed. Herbicide tolerance was found to be variable, but appears to be sufficient to present a problem with the use of the GM glufosinate resistant varieties currently under development, particularly when combined with variation in the response of ??sensitive?? varieties.

Vaughan, Laura Kelly

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Rice Glycosyltransferase (GT) Phylogenomic Database  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Ronald Laboratory staff at the University of California-Davis has a primary research focus on the genes of the rice plant. They study the role that genetics plays in the way rice plants respond to their environment. They created the Rice GT Database in order to integrate functional genomic information for putative rice Glycosyltransferases (GTs). This database contains information on nearly 800 putative rice GTs (gene models) identified by sequence similarity searches based on the Carbohydrate Active enZymes (CAZy) database. The Rice GT Database provides a platform to display user-selected functional genomic data on a phylogenetic tree. This includes sequence information, mutant line information, expression data, etc. An interactive chromosomal map shows the position of all rice GTs, and links to rice annotation databases are included. The format is intended to "facilitate the comparison of closely related GTs within different families, as well as perform global comparisons between sets of related families." [From http://ricephylogenomics.ucdavis.edu/cellwalls/gt/genInfo.shtml] See also the primary paper discussing this work: Peijian Cao, Laura E. Bartley, Ki-Hong Jung and Pamela C. Ronalda. Construction of a Rice Glycosyltransferase Phylogenomic Database and Identification of Rice-Diverged Glycosyltransferases. Molecular Plant, 2008, 1(5): 858-877.

Ronald, Pamela

40

Effects of blending, staging and furnace temperature on co-firing of coal and biomass-bagasse.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This manuscript reports on emissions generated from laboratory-scale batch combustion of a high-volatile content bituminous coal, sugar-cane bagasse, and blends thereof. The average bulk equivalence (more)

Arvind, Joshi Kulbhushan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2009 Rice University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Rice University team on a deck extending from their unfinished Solar Decathlon house. The house is sided in corrugated metal. Rice University students display team spirit while...

42

SOLID MECHANICS James R. Rice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SOLID MECHANICS James R. Rice School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Department of Earth: February 2010 Downloadable at: http://esag.harvard.edu/rice/e0_Solid_Mechanics_94_10.pdf TABLE OF CONTENTS provided on last three pages, pp. 87-89 INTRODUCTION The application of the principles of mechanics to bulk

43

Rice Yearbook | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rice Yearbook Rice Yearbook Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Rice Yearbook Dataset Summary Description U.S. rice production, supply, disappearance, trade, and price data. Includes state acreage, yield, and production data; U.S. and world price series; and program statistics. Contains world supply and use estimates as well. Tags {Rice,production,supply,use,price,acreage,yield,imports,exports,ERS,USDA} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 4/8/2013 Publisher Economic Research Service, Department of Agriculture Contact Name Contact Email karlg@ers.usda.gov

44

The development of multi-objective optimization model for excess bagasse utilization: A case study for Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a multi-objective optimization model is proposed as a tool to assist in deciding for the proper utilization scheme of excess bagasse produced in sugarcane industry. Two major scenarios for excess bagasse utilization are considered in the optimization. The first scenario is the typical situation when excess bagasse is used for the onsite electricity production. In case of the second scenario, excess bagasse is processed for the offsite ethanol production. Then the ethanol is blended with an octane rating of 91 gasoline by a portion of 10% and 90% by volume respectively and the mixture is used as alternative fuel for gasoline vehicles in Thailand. The model proposed in this paper called 'Environmental System Optimization' comprises the life cycle impact assessment of global warming potential (GWP) and the associated cost followed by the multi-objective optimization which facilitates in finding out the optimal proportion of the excess bagasse processed in each scenario. Basic mathematical expressions for indicating the GWP and cost of the entire process of excess bagasse utilization are taken into account in the model formulation and optimization. The outcome of this study is the methodology developed for decision-making concerning the excess bagasse utilization available in Thailand in view of the GWP and economic effects. A demonstration example is presented to illustrate the advantage of the methodology which may be used by the policy maker. The methodology developed is successfully performed to satisfy both environmental and economic objectives over the whole life cycle of the system. It is shown in the demonstration example that the first scenario results in positive GWP while the second scenario results in negative GWP. The combination of these two scenario results in positive or negative GWP depending on the preference of the weighting given to each objective. The results on economics of all scenarios show the satisfied outcomes.

Buddadee, Bancha [National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)], E-mail: bancha_eng@yahoo.com; Wirojanagud, Wanpen [Research Center of Environmental and Hazardous Substance Management, Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: wanpen@kku.ac.th; Watts, Daniel J. [Center for Environmental Engineering and Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (United States)], E-mail: daniel.watts@njit.edu; Pitakaso, Rapeepan [Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ubonratchathani University, Ubonratchathani 34190 (Thailand)], E-mail: enrapepi@ubu.ac.th

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Environmental Life Cycle Implications of Using Bagasse-Derived Ethanol as a Gasoline Oxygenate in Mumbai (Bombay)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bagasse is the fibrous residue generated during sugar production and can be a desirable feedstock for fuel ethanol production. About 15%--25% of the bagasse is left after satisfying the mills' energy requirements, and this excess bagasse can be used in a bioconversion process to make ethanol. It is estimated that a 23 million L/yr ({approximately}6 million gal/yr) ethanol facility is feasible by combining excess bagasse from three larger sugar mills in Maharashtra state. The plant could supply about half of the ethanol demand in Mumbai, assuming that all gasoline is sold as an E10 fuel, a blend of 90% gasoline and 10% ethanol by volume. The life cycle assessment (LCA) performed in this study demonstrated the potentially significant benefits of diverting excess bagasse in Maharashtra to ethanol production, as opposed to disposing it by burning. In particular, lower net values for the ethanol production scenario were observed for the following: fossil energy consumption, and emissions of carbon monoxide , hydrocarbons (except methane), SOx, NOx, particulates, carbon dioxide, and methane. The lower greenhouse potential of the ethanol scenario is also important in the context of Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation because India is a developing country.

Kadam, K.

2000-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

46

Effects of physical and chemical pretreatments on the crystallinity of bagasse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass conversion technologies are receiving increasing attention due to global climate change and most recently plans from the President of the United States to reduce fossil fuel consumption. The MixAlco process converts a variety of feedstocks, such as agricultural residues, municipal solid waste, and sewage sludge, into mixed alcohols via microbial fermentation, which can then be used as fuel additives or independently as an alternative fuel. Optimizing the pretreatment step of this process is critical to improving product yields. The process uses lime pretreatment, which can be enhanced using new decrystallization pretreatment methods, namely hydrodynamic cavitation and shock tube pretreatment.Previous studies on biomass decrystallization showed an increase in biomass digestibility when hydrodynamic cavitation was utilized as a pretreatment step. This previous work was expanded by studying both acoustic and hydrodynamic cavitation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to model the cavitator to improve its efficiency. The crystallinity before and after pretreatment was analyzed. A new laboratory-scale MixAlco lime-pretreatment system was developed to produce greater quantities of lime-pretreated biomass that could be subjected to decrystallization experiments. The length of pretreatment, water loading, and bagasse loadings were varied for the shock tube experiments. After each pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis was performed, and the equivalent glucose yield was measured by the DNS (dinitrosalicylic acid) assay. Additionally, mixed-acid fermentation was performed to show the benefits of reduced crystallinity on the MixAlco fermentation. The acoustic and hydrodynamic cavitation pretreatments had a modest effect on crystallinity. In contrast, the shock tube pretreatment shows greater promise as an effective decrystallization pretreatment, even for lime-treated bagasse. Repeated shocks had little effect on digestibility and the crystallinity; however, the water temperature used in shock tube pretreatment played an important role in bagasse digestibility and crystallinity.

Jones, Maxine Janette

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Toward free-surface modeling of planing vessels: simulation of the Fridsma hull using ALE-VMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we focus on a class of applications involving surface vessels moving at high speeds, or "planing". We introduce a Fridsma planing hull benchmark problem, and simulate it using the finite-element-based ALE-VMS (Bazilevs et al. in Math Models ... Keywords: ALE-VMS, Finite elements, Fluid/rigid---body interaction, Free-surface flow, Fridsma planing hull, Level set, Ship hydrodynamics

I. Akkerman; J. Dunaway; J. Kvandal; J. Spinks; Y. Bazilevs

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Molecular Clustering Interrelationships and Carbohydrate Conformation in Hull and Seeds Among Barley Cultivars  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to use molecular spectral analyses with the diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (DRIFT) bioanlytical technique to study carbohydrate conformation features, molecular clustering and interrelationships in hull and seed among six barley cultivars (AC Metcalfe, CDC Dolly, McLeod, CDC Helgason, CDC Trey, CDC Cowboy), which had different degradation kinetics in rumen. The molecular structure spectral analyses in both hull and seed involved the fingerprint regions of ca. 1536-1484 cm{sup -1} (attributed mainly to aromatic lignin semicircle ring stretch), ca. 1293-1212 cm{sup -1} (attributed mainly to cellulosic compounds in the hull), ca. 1269-1217 cm{sup -1} (attributed mainly to cellulosic compound in the seeds), and ca. 1180-800 cm{sup -1} (attributed mainly to total CHO C-O stretching vibrations) together with an agglomerative hierarchical cluster (AHCA) and principal component spectral analyses (PCA). The results showed that the DRIFT technique plus AHCA and PCA molecular analyses were able to reveal carbohydrate conformation features and identify carbohydrate molecular structure differences in both hull and seeds among the barley varieties. The carbohydrate molecular spectral analyses at the region of ca. 1185-800 cm{sup -1} together with the AHCA and PCA were able to show that the barley seed inherent structures exhibited distinguishable differences among the barley varieties. CDC Helgason had differences from AC Metcalfe, MeLeod, CDC Cowboy and CDC Dolly in carbohydrate conformation in the seed. Clear molecular cluster classes could be distinguished and identified in AHCA analysis and the separate ellipses could be grouped in PCA analysis. But CDC Helgason had no distinguished differences from CDC Trey in carbohydrate conformation. These carbohydrate conformation/structure difference could partially explain why the varieties were different in digestive behaviors in animals. The molecular spectroscopy technique used in this study could also be used for other plant-based feed and food structure studies.

N Liu; P Yu

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Pyrolysis of sugarcane bagasse and co-pyrolysis with an Argentinean subbituminous coal  

SciTech Connect

Physicochemical properties of the charcoal arising from pyrolysis of sugarcane bagasse at 600{sup o}C and 800{sup o}C were determined to evaluate potentialities for specific end uses. The charcoals were found fairly adequate as solid bio-fuels. Their quality was comparable to charcoals obtained from some other agro-industrial by-products, reportedly proposed as substitutes of wood-based ones. Surface properties of the charcoal generated at the higher temperature indicated that it is reasonably suited for potential use as low-cost rough adsorbent, soil amender, and/or for further upgrading to activated carbon. Moreover, kinetic measurements for pyrolysis of the sugarcane bagasse individually and mixed with an Argentinean subbituminous coal in equal proportions were conducted by thermogravimetry for the range 25 -900{sup o}C. Data modeling accounting for variations in the activation energy with process evolution provided a proper description of pyrolysis and co-pyrolysis over the entire temperature range.

Bonelli, P.R.; Buonomo, E.L.; Cukierman, A.L. [University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Use of Brazilian sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete as sand replacement  

SciTech Connect

Sugarcane today plays a major role in the worldwide economy, and Brazil is the leading producer of sugar and alcohol, which are important international commodities. The production process generates bagasse as a waste, which is used as fuel to stoke boilers that produce steam for electricity cogeneration. The final product of this burning is residual sugarcane bagasse ash (SBA), which is normally used as fertilizer in sugarcane plantations. Ash stands out among agroindustrial wastes because it results from energy generating processes. Many types of ash do not have hydraulic or pozzolanic reactivity, but can be used in civil construction as inert materials. The present study used ash collected from four sugar mills in the region of Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil, which is one of the world's largest producers of sugarcane. The ash samples were subjected to chemical characterization, sieve analysis, determination of specific gravity, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and solubilization and leaching tests. Mortars and concretes with SBA as sand replacement were produced and tests were carried out: compressive strength, tensile strength and elastic modulus. The results indicated that the SBA samples presented physical properties similar to those of natural sand. Several heavy metals were found in the SBA samples, indicating the need to restrict its use as a fertilizer. The mortars produced with SBA in place of sand showed better mechanical results than the reference samples. SBA can be used as a partial substitute of sand in concretes made with cement slag-modified Portland cement.

Sales, Almir, E-mail: almir@ufscar.b [Department of Civil Engineering, UFSCar, Via Washington Luis, km 235, Monjolinho, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Lima, Sofia Araujo, E-mail: sofiaalima@yahoo.com.b [Department of Civil Engineering, UFSCar, Via Washington Luis, km 235, Monjolinho, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past three decades the Town of Hull, MA has solidified its place in U.S. wind energy history through its leadership in community-based generation. This is illustrated by its commissioning of the first commercial-scale wind turbine on the Atlantic coastline, the first suburban-sited turbine in the continental United States, pursuit of community-based offshore wind, and its push toward creating an energy independent community. The town's history and demographics are briefly outlined, followed by experience in projects to provide wind power, including pre-construction and feasibility efforts, financial aspects, and market/industry factors.

Adams, Christopher

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

52

Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California Title Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in...

53

Rice Production Texas produces nearly 225,000 acres high quality long grain rice for domestic and export  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rice Production · Texas produces nearly 225,000 acres high quality long grain rice for domestic and export markets. · Rice produces $145 million for farmers and generates $480 million for Texas. · Pest-chemicalpracticestoreducewaterweevildamageincludelaserlevelinganddelayed floodingforwatermanagement,seedingratesforuniformstands,andselectiveplanting dates. · 100% of the Texas rice acreage

Wilkins, Neal

54

Integrated Ocean Skin and Bulk Temperature Measurements Using the Calibrated Infrared In Situ Measurement System (CIRIMS) and Through-Hull Ports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design and performance of a shipboard-integrated system for underway skin and bulk temperature is presented. The system consists of the Calibrated Infrared In situ Measurement System (CIRIMS) and through-hull temperature sensors. The CIRIMS ...

A. T. Jessup; R. Branch

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Far West Rice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Rice West Rice Jump to: navigation, search Name Far West Rice Place Nelson, California Zip 95958 Sector Solar Product California-based family-owned rice mill. Owns a solar farm used mostly for the electricity needs of their factory. Coordinates 44.422864°, -92.009187° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.422864,"lon":-92.009187,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

Characterization of paralogous protein families in rice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: High gene numbers in plant genomes reflect polyploidy and major gene duplication events. Oryza sativa, cultivated rice, is a diploid monocotyledonous species with a ~390 Mb genome that has undergone segmental ...

Lin, Haining

57

An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA_Appendix 4_Geophysical Survey Report  

SciTech Connect

CR Environmental, Inc. (CR) was contracted by GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. (GZA) to perform hydrographic and geophysical surveys of an approximately 3.35 square mile area off the eastern shore of Hull, Massachusetts. Survey components included: Single-beam bathymetry; 100-kHz and 500-kHz side scan sonar; Magnetometry; and Low to mid-frequency sub-bottom profiling.

Adams, Christopher

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

Cladding hull decontamination and densification process. Part 2. Densification by inductoslag melting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Inductoslag melting process was developed to densify Zircaloy-4 cladding hulls. It is a cold crucible process that uses induction heating, a segmented water-cooled copper crucible, and a calcium fluoride flux. Metal and flux are fed into the furnace through the crucible, located at the top of the furnace, and the finished ingot is withdrawn from the bottom of the furnace. Melting rates of 40 to 50 kg/h are achieved, using 100 to 110 kW at an average energy use of 2.5 kWh/kg. The quality of ingots produced from factory supplied cladding tubing is sufficient to satisfy nuclear grade standards. An ingot of Zircaloy-4, made from melted cladding tubing that had been autoclaved to near reactor exposure and then descaled by the hydrogen fluoride decontamination process prior to Inductoslag melting, did not meet nuclear grade standards because the hydrogen, nitrogen, and hardness levels were too high. Melting development work is described that could possibly be used to test the capability of the Inductoslag process to satisfactorily melt a variety and mix of materials from LWR reprocessing, decontamination, and storage options. Results of experiments are also presented that could be used to improve remote operation of the melting process.

Nelson, R.G.; Montgomery, D.R.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Hull/Mooring/Riser coupled motion simulations of thruster-assisted moored platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To reduce large motion responses of moored platforms in a harsh environment in deep waters, a thruster-assisted position mooring system can be applied. By applying the system, global dynamic responses can be improved in terms of the mooring line/riser top tensions, operational radii, and the top and bottom angle of the production risers. Kalman filtering as an optimum observer and estimator for stochastic disturbances is implemented in the developed control algorithm to filter out wave frequency responses. Investigation of the performance of thruster-assisted moored offshore platforms was conducted in terms of six-degree-of-freedom motions and mooring line/riser top tensions by means of a fully coupled hull/mooring/riser dynamic analysis program in the time domain and a spectral analysis. The two cases, motion analyses of a platform with thrusters and without thrusters, are extensively compared. The numerical examples illustrate that for deepwater position-keeping of platforms a thruster-assisted moored platform can be an effective solution compared to a conventionally moored platform.

Ryu, Sangsoo

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Climate Change Impact on Rice Insurance Payouts in Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors constructed the framework for a preliminary assessment of climate change impact on the rice insurance payout in Japan. The framework consisted of various models ranging from climate projection downscaling, rice yield estimation, yield ...

Toshichika Iizumi; Masayuki Yokozawa; Yousay Hayashi; Fujio Kimura

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Texas Rice Industry Coalition for the Environment (R.I.C.E.): Main Points from Six Focus Groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................................... iv Background ..................................................................1 Texas R.I.C.E. ..........................................................2 Methods .....................................................................4 Rice Producers Focus Groups Materials ......................................5 Environmental Interests and General Public Focus Groups Materials ...............5 Children Focus Group Interview Materials ....................................6 West Side Rice Producers Focus Group ............................................6 EastSideRiceProducersFocusGroup ............................................11 OfficersofEnvironmentalOrganizationsFocusGroup ...............................16 MembersofEnvironmentalOrganizationsFocusGroup ..............................20 Unaffiliated Public Citizens of Houston Focus Group ................................24 ChildrenFocusGroup .............................

Texas A; Ed Rister; Amy Purvis Thurow; Amy Purvis Thurow; Shannon Sneary; Shannon Sneary; Sarah Stasny; Sarah Stasny

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Rice Lake Utilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rice Lake Utilities Rice Lake Utilities Jump to: navigation, search Name Rice Lake Utilities Place Wisconsin Utility Id 15938 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cp-1 Small Power Service Industrial Cp-1 Small Power Service with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Industrial Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering Discount Industrial Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Industrial

63

Methane Emissions from Rice Fields - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Methane (Ch4) is a greenhouse gas regarded second only to carbon dioxide in its ability to cause global warming. Methane is important because of its relatively fast increase, and also because it is, per molecule, some 60 times more effective than carbon dioxide in causing global warming. The largest present anthropogenic sources of methane are rice fields, cattle and biomass burning.

Khalil, M. Aslam; Rasmussen,Reinhold A.

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

64

Structure, Function, and Evolution of Rice Centromeres  

SciTech Connect

The centromere is the most characteristic landmark of eukaryotic chromosomes. Centromeres function as the site for kinetochore assembly and spindle attachment, allowing for the faithful pairing and segregation of sister chromatids during cell division. Characterization of centromeric DNA is not only essential to understand the structure and organization of plant genomes, but it is also a critical step in the development of plant artificial chromosomes. The centromeres of most model eukaryotic species, consist predominantly of long arrays of satellite DNA. Determining the precise DNA boundary of a centromere has proven to be a difficult task in multicellular eukaryotes. We have successfully cloned and sequenced the centromere of rice chromosome 8 (Cen8), representing the first fully sequenced centromere from any multicellular eukaryotes. The functional core of Cen8 spans ~800 kb of DNA, which was determined by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) using an antibody against the rice centromere-specific H3 histone. We discovered 16 actively transcribed genes distributed throughout the Cen8 region. In addition to Cen8, we have characterized eight additional rice centromeres using the next generation sequencing technology. We discovered four subfamilies of the CRR retrotransposon that is highly enriched in rice centromeres. CRR elements are constitutively transcribed and different CRR subfamilies are differentially processed by RNAi. These results suggest that different CRR subfamilies may play different roles in the RNAi-mediated pathway for formation and maintenance of centromeric chromatin.

Jiang, Jiming

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

65

An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA, Appendix 2: LaCapra Financial Study  

SciTech Connect

The financial analysis and summary results presented in this document represent a first cut at an economic assessment of the proposed Hull Offshore Wind Project. Wind turbine price increases have outpaced the materials and labor price pressures faced by nonrenewable power plant developers due to increased demands on a limited pool of turbine manufacturers and offshore installation companies. Moreover, given the size of the proposed offshore facility, it may be difficult to contract with turbine manufacturers and/or foundation companies given the size and scope of competing worldwide demand. The results described in this report assume that such conditions will not significantly impact the prices that will have to be received from the output of the project; rather, the project size may require as a prerequisite that Hull be able to piggyback on other offshore efforts. The financial estimates provided here necessarily feature a range due to uncertainty in a number of project assumptions as well as overall uncertainty in offshore wind costs. Nevertheless, taken together, the analysis provides a ballpark revenue requirement of approximately $157/MWh for the municipal financing option, with higher estimates possible assuming escalation in costs to levels higher than assumed here.

Adams, Christopher

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

66

Emissions Of Greenhouse Gases From Rice Agriculture  

SciTech Connect

This project produced detailed data on the processes that affect methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice agriculture and their inter-relationships. It defines the shifting roles and potential future of these gases in causing global warming and the benefits and tradeoffs of reducing emissions. The major results include: 1). Mechanisms and Processes Leading to Methane Emissions are Delineated. Our experiments have tested the standard model of methane emissions from rice fields and found new results on the processes that control the flux. A mathematical mass balance model was used to unravel the production, oxidation and transport of methane from rice. The results suggested that when large amounts of organic matter are applied, the additional flux that is observed is due to both greater production and reduced oxidation of methane. 2). Methane Emissions From China Have Been Decreasing Over the Last Two Decades. We have calculated that methane emissions from rice fields have been falling in recent decades. This decrease is particularly large in China. While some of this is due to reduced area of rice agriculture, the bigger effect is from the reduction in the emission factor which is the annual amount of methane emitted per hectare of rice. The two most important changes that cause this decreasing emission from China are the reduced use of organic amendments which have been replaced by commercial nitrogen fertilizers, and the increased practice of intermittent flooding as greater demands are placed on water resources. 3). Global Methane Emissions Have Been Constant For More Than 20 Years. While the concentrations of methane in the atmosphere have been leveling off in recent years, our studies show that this is caused by a near constant total global source of methane for the last 20 years or more. This is probably because as some anthropogenic sources have increased, others, such as the rice agriculture source, have fallen. Changes in natural emissions appear small. 4). Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Rice Fields Increase as Methane Emissions Drop. Inundated conditions favor anaerobic methane production with high emission rates and de-nitrification resulting in modest nitrous oxide emissions. Under drier conditions such as intermittent flooding, methane emissions fall and nitrous oxide emissions increase. Increased nitrogen fertilizer use increases nitrous oxide emissions and is usually accompanied by reduced organic matter applications which decreases methane emissions. These mechanisms cause a generally inverse relationship between methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Reduction of methane from rice agriculture to control global warming comes with tradeoffs with increased nitrous oxide emissions. 5). High Spatial Resolution Maps of Emissions Produced. Maps of methane and nitrous oxide emissions at a resolution of 5 min 5 min have been produced based on the composite results of this research. These maps are necessary for both scientific and policy uses.

M. Aslam K. Khalil

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

Genetic characterization of red rice (Oryza sativa L.) and control in imidazolinone tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red rice from the southern United States was collected and analyzed using Simple Sequence Length Polymorphism (SSLP) markers in an effort to test the assumption that red rice is Oryza sativa ssp. indica. The 18 markers used are distributed across all 12 chromosomes of the rice genome and can be used to distinguish between sibling cultivars. The results indicate that traditional classification of red rice based on morphological characteristics alone is inadequate. Some red rice was closely related to Oryza sativa ssp. indica, while other red rice was more closely related to Oryza sativa ssp. japonica. Some red rice samples collected from Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas are very closely related to the noxious weed, Oryza rufipogon accession IRGC 105491. This research revealed that different classes of red rice are intermingled across the southern United States rice belt. Within individual commercial production fields, Oryza sativa ssp. indica-like red rice and Oryza rufipogon-like red rice can be found within a single 9 m collection site. In 2000 and 2001, studies were conducted at several locations across the Texas rice-producing region with imidazolinone tolerant rice to determine the most efficacious sequential application rate and timing of imazethapyr for control of red rice and other weeds. At Beaumont, red rice and barnyardgrass control was greater than 94% with 0.07, 0.09 and 0.10 kg/ha preplant incorporated or preemergence followed by at least 0.04 kg/ha early postemergence on a clay soil. Broadleaf signalgrass control near Eagle Lake showed that preplant incorporated and preemergence applications followed by early postemergence applications provided greater than 86% control in 2000, and greater than 90% control in 2001. Sequential postemergence applications at Beaumont resulted in greater than 95% red rice and barnyardgrass control when 0.04 kg/ha late postemergence followed any early postemergence application. Sequential postemergence applications controlled broadleaf signalgrass greater than 98% in both years. Red rice control at Lissie on a fine sandy loam soil was at least 98% with all sequential treatments. Crop injury was found to be a function of the postemergence application in all studies. Crop yields were not reduced by early season crop injury from imazethapyr applications, regardless of soil type.

Ottis, Brian Vance

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Chloroplast DNA insertions into the nuclear genome of rice: the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shahmuradov IA, Akbarova YY, Solovyev VV, Aliye JA (2003). Abundance of plastid DNA insertions in nuclear genomes of rice and Arabidopsis. Plant Mol Biol...

69

VBH-0062- In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of...

70

VBZ-0062- In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of...

71

DOE Solar Decathlon: Rice University: Transforming the Row House...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Houses Now? Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

72

EIS-0439: Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California 9: Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California EIS-0439: Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California Summary This environmental review was prepared by DOE's Western Area Power Administration with the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as a cooperating agency. This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of the Rice Solar Energy Project, a 150-megawatt solar concentrating electric powerplant proposed to be constructed on private land in the Sonoran Desert. DOE's Western Area Power Administration actions under this proposal include building and operating a new substation to interconnect the solar project to Western's transmission system. DOE may also use this EIS as part of its decision whether to issue a Federal loan guarantee to support the proposal. BLM's

73

Surface Energy Components and Land Characteristics of a Rice Paddy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many meteorological and air-quality models require land characteristics as inputs. A field experiment was conducted to study the surface energy budget of a rice paddy in Taiwan. During the day, the energy balance ratio measured by an eddy ...

Jeng-Lin Tsai; Ben-Jei Tsuang; Po-Sheng Lu; Ming-Hwi Yao; Yuan Shen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

R-1: AMD Treatment Using Rice Husk as Biosorbent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this work was to study the rice husk as a biosorbent for the AMD treatment keeping constant: pH (2.6), biomass concentration (1g/L), temperature ...

75

International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity Saving mode warm mode mode mode achivement consumption (Yen/Year)electricity ode Saving mode warmmode mode m achivement consumption (Yen/Year)electricity consumption of an IH type rice cooker is 110.9 kWh /year,

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

VBA-0062- In the Matter of Susan Rice Gossett  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 8, 2002, involving a Complaint filed by Susan Rice Gossett (Gossett or the Complainant) under the Department of...

77

Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other research centers were introduced to the Beaumont Rice Research center for in situ evaluation and characterization. Beside the introduction of seeds, milled samples were also introduced for grain chemistry analysis. Field evaluation combined with physicochemical and molecular characterization revealed unique characteristics among African germplasm. New rice for Africa (NERICA) lines performed well in the USA environment. Varieties like Nerica 2, Nerica 3, Nerica 4, and Nerica 5 need more attention because of their superior performance in yield and grain quality. Landraces did not perform well due to their height and late maturity and their resulting problems with lodging. The rapid visco analyzer RVA profiles showed that the cultivar Jaya has unusually strong paste viscosity features. Comparing West Africa samples grown in Cote dâ??Ivoire with those grown in Texas, parameters like AA, ASV, Hot, Cool, and CT were not stongly affected by the environment. According to the Stbk value, cultivars grown in Cote dâ??Ivoire will cook softer than when they were grown in Texas. The lack of the environmental effect is somewhat surprising considering the difference in latitude, soil types, weather patterns, and management practices between the two locations. Apparent amylose is a key element to characterize a rice cultivar; however certain varieties like Cocodrie and Dixiebelle have similar apparent amylose content but dramatically different functional qualities. A population derived from Cocodrie and Dixiebelle was developed for genotypic and phenotypic analysis of grain chemistry traits that affect functionality. It was concluded that the amount of soluble amylose in the grain had a significant effect on flour pasting properties, even when total apparent amylose content did not vary. Marker association studies revealed that the Waxy microsatellite and the Waxy exon 10 SNP markers were associated with soluble amylose content and RVA characteristics. These markers will speed up the development of new rice cultivars with desirable quality characteristics in West Africa and in the USA.

Traore, Karim

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty OilsChapter 14 Rice Bran Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty Oils Chapter 14 Rice Bran Oil Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 14 Rice Bran Oil from the b

79

WILD RICE SALAD RECIPE 1 quart water, chicken stock or vegetable stock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WILD RICE SALAD RECIPE 1 quart water, chicken stock or vegetable stock 1 cup wild rice, rinsed Sea ground pepper to taste 4 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil 2 tablespoons buttermilk or plain low-fat

Blanchette, Robert A.

80

International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers  

SciTech Connect

China has had an active program on energy efficiency standards for household appliances since the mid-1990s. Rice cooker is among the first to be subject to such mandatory regulation, since it is one of the most prevalent electric appliances in Chinese households. Since first introduced in 1989, the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers has not been revised. Therefore, the potential for energy saving is considerable. Initial analysis from CNIS indicates that potential carbon savings is likely to reach 7.6 million tons of CO2 by the 10th year of the standard implementation. Since September 2007, CNIS has been working with various groups to develop the new standard for rice cookers. With The Energy Foundation's support, LBNL has assisted CNIS in the revision of the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers that is expected to be effective in 2009. Specifically, work has been in the following areas: assistance in developing consumer survey on usage pattern of rice cookers, review of international standards, review of international test procedures, comparison of the international standards and test procedures, and assessment of technical options of reducing energy use. This report particularly summarizes the findings of reviewing international standards and technical options of reducing energy consumption. The report consists of an overview of rice cooker standards and labeling programs and testing procedures in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, and Japan's case study in developing energy efficiency rice cooker technologies and rice cooker efficiency programs. The results from the analysis can be summarized as the follows: Hong Kong has a Voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling scheme for electric rice cookers initiated in 2001, with revision implemented in 2007; South Korea has both MEPS and Mandatory Energy Efficiency Label targeting the same category of rice cookers as Hong Kong; Thailand's voluntary endorsement labeling program is similar to Hong Kong in program design but has 5 efficiency grades; Japan's program is distinct in its adoption of the 'Top Runner' approach, in which, the future efficiency standards is set based on the efficiency levels of the most efficient product in the current domestic market. Although the standards are voluntary, penalties can still be evoked if the average efficiency target is not met. Both Hong Kong and South Korea's tests involve pouring water into the inner pot equal to 80% of its rated volume; however, white rice is used as a load for its tests in Hong Kong whereas no rice is used for tests in South Korea. In Japan's case, water level specified by the manufactures is used and milled rice is used as a load only partially in the tests. Moreover, Japan does not conduct heat efficiency test but its energy consumption measurements tests are much more complex, with 4 different tests are conducted to determine the annual average energy consumption. Hong Kong and Thailand both set Minimum Allowable Heat Efficiency for different rated wattages. The energy efficiency requirements are identical except that the minimum heat efficiency in Thailand is 1 percentage point higher for all rated power categories. In South Korea, MEPS and label's energy efficiency grades are determined by the rice cooker's Rated Energy Efficiency for induction, non-induction, pressure, nonpressure rice cookers. Japan's target standard values are set for electromagnetic induction heating products and non-electromagnetic induction heating products by different size of rice cookers. Specific formulas are used by type and size depending on the mass of water evaporation of the rice cookers. Japan has been the leading country in technology development of various types of rice cookers, and developed concrete energy efficiency standards for rice cookers. However, as consumers in Japan emphasize the deliciousness of cooked rice over other factors, many types of models were developed to improve the taste of cooked rice. Nonetheless, the efficie

Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Wild Rice Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rice Electric Coop, Inc Rice Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Wild Rice Electric Coop, Inc Place Minnesota Utility Id 20639 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png AUTOMATIC YARD LIGHT SERVICE Lighting FARM AND HOME SERVICE - Up to 10 KVA transformer Residential FARM AND HOME SERVICE - Up to 15 KVA transformer Residential FARM AND HOME SERVICE - Up to 25 KVA transformer Residential FARM AND HOME SERVICE - Up to 37.5 KVA transformer Residential FARM AND HOME SERVICE - Up to 50 KVA transformer Residential

82

A SIMPLE PROOF OF THE HOBBY-RICE THEOREM1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper presents a simple proof of the following theorem due to Hobby and Rice. THEOREM. Let {cp,- (jc)}"_, be n real functions in (di;[0,1]), where i is a finite, nonatomic, real measure. Then there exist {,}'=1, r < n, 0 = Jq < ^ < < , < +1- 1 such that 2 (-.y JC * Rice Theorem, which arises in the study of L1-approximation. Theorem A (Hobby, Rice [2]). Let {

Allan Pinkus

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Ultrasonic techniques for measuring rheological properties of rice slurries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of new sensors to monitor food quality is an emerging issue of today. Many food processing industries rely on batch methods to inspect food quality. These techniques yield results which are delayed in responding to the dynamic systems during food processing, resulting in poorly processed foods or production delays in processing plants. This research describes the development of a ultrasonic sensor to measure viscoelastic properties of rice slurries and dough. This inexpensive sensor can be applied in the food processing plant to minimize batch methods of Theological testing. Rice was milled to two different particle size distributions (PSD). Concentrations of 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% rice flour (for each PSD flour) were mixed with 4% Carboxy-methylcellulose solutions and tested for power law Theological parameters and for viscoelastic parameters with the Haake CV20 rheometer. Two repetitions were completed for each treatment. Sensors were fabricated to measure the relative acoustic impedance of rice slurries. Slurries of different concentration and particle characteristics were placed on the top surface of the sensor. An ultrasonic longitudinal wave was transmitted through the sensor and into the sample where a portion of the energy was absorbed by the slurry and a portion reflected to a receiving transducer. The samples were subjected for ten minutes to continuous, longitudinal waves at 500 kHZ, 1 MHz, and 2 MHz. The output voltage from the receiving transducer was recorded every 10 seconds. Results indicated that the sensors were able to detect differences in the different rice slurries. The sensor output voltage decreased with increased rice flour concentration. The values for flow behavior index follow the same trend. The sensor voltage values correlated to the measured Theological parameters. The sensors were able to detect the differences between the PSD flours (P=0.0739). The small PSD flour created slurries of significantly higher viscosities than the large PSD slurries.

Howell, Terry Allen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

6. Fracture mechanics lead author: J, R. Rice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6. Fracture mechanics lead author: J, R. Rice Division of Applied Sciences, Harvard University. F. Shih, and the ASME/AMD Technical Committee on Fracture Mechanics, pro- vided by A. S. Argon, S. N, W. D. Stuart, and R. Thomson. 6.0 ABSTRACT Fracture mechanics is an active research field

85

Effects of amylose and amylopectin on quality of rice noodles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of amylose content, amylose solubility, and amylopectin structure of rice flour on quality of rice noodles were determined. Milled rice was ground into flour. Noodles were prepared by mixing 100 g flour, 80 g water and 1 g salt. The mixture was heated in a microwave oven for 75 sec, extruded using a pasta maker, and dried at 60?C using a 2-step procedure: 100% RH (2 hr) and 30% RH (2 hr). Cooking, texture, and physico-chemical characteristics of dough and noodles were determined. More amylose in flour contributed to better texture of noodles, i.e., greater firmness and less stickiness. Texture of noodles prepared from flour with 25-30% amylose was substantially improved compared to flour with less than 25% amylose. Rice flour containing amylopectin with more long chains with degree of polymerization (DP) of 70-156, improved the quality of noodles. In contrast, flour containing more intermediate chains, DP 26-69, impaired noodle quality. The starch in dough was partially modified during processing. Correlation coefficients of noodle texture with pasting properties were lower for flour compared to dough. Hence, dough pasting properties could better predict noodle quality. Heating and extrusion processes caused rice starch to partially gelatinize. The crystalline structure of amylopectin was partly disrupted and some amylose leached from the granule. The noodle drying process enhanced the mobility of amylopectin chains. Amylose and long amylopectin chains probably associated and provided a gel network that strengthened the structure of the noodles. Intermediate amylopectin chains, in contrast, inhibited these associations. Short amylopectin chains, DP 5-25, did not affect the properties of noodles. These chains were probably too short to enhance or inhibit formation of the gel network. Amylose solubility in excess water at 120?C did not correlate with the noodle quality. Rice flours with amylose content between 25-30% are recommended for preparing rice noodles. Using flours with amylose contents less than 25% yielded unacceptable noodle textures, i.e., too sticky, while using flours with amylose contents more than 30% yielded noodles with poor appearance and high dry matter loss.

Chinnapha, Naliwan, Dd 1976-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The molecular biology and biochemistry of rice endosperm. alpha. -globulin  

SciTech Connect

The author's first objective was to isolate a cDNA clone that encodes the rice endosperm {alpha}-globulin. Purified antibodies against a rice storage protein, {alpha}-globulin, were used to screen a {lambda}gt11 cDNA expression library constructed from immature rice seed endosperm. The cDNA insert of clone 4A1 (identified by antibody screening) was used as a probe to identify long cDNA inserts in the library. The deduced amino acid sequence of clone A3-12 cDNA insert (identified by cDNA screening) contained the amino acid sequences of three cyanogen bromide peptides fragment of {alpha}-globulin. The calculated molecular weight and amino acid composition of the deduced amino acid sequence were similar to the {alpha}-globulin protein. Northern blot analysis indicated that mRNA of one size, approximately 1.0 kb, is expressed. Southern genomic blot analysis revealed one band with EcoRI or Hind III digestion. Cell-free translation and immunoprecipitation showed that the initial translation product is approximately 2,000 daltons larger than the mature protein. The amino acid sequence of {alpha}-globulin revealed limited regions of similarities with wheat storage proteins. The author concludes that the cDNA insert in clone A3-12 contained the entire coding region of {alpha}-globulin protein and that {alpha}-globulin is encoded by a single gene. My second objective was to inhibit the degradation of {alpha}-globulin in the salt extract of rice flour. The salt extract of rice flour contained an acid protease whose optimal pH was 3 for {sup 3}H-casein hydrolysis. A polypeptide with molecular weight of 20,000 was immunologically reactive with {alpha}-globulin antibodies and is produced by limited proteolysis in the extract. Pepstatin inhibited the proteolysis of 3H-casein and slowed the proteolysis of {alpha}-globulin.

Shorrosh, B.S.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

VEE-0035 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

35 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. 35 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. VEE-0035 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. On October 22, 1996, Rice Oil Company, Inc. (Rice) of Greenfield, Massachusetts filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its Application, Rice requests that it be relieved of the requirement to file Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA- 782B), and Form EIA-821, entitled "Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report". vee0035.pdf More Documents & Publications VEE-0082 - In the Matter of Fleischli Oil Company VEE-0085 - In the Matter of Smith Brothers Gas Company VEE-0066 - In the Matter of Taylor Oil Company

88

Conversion of rice straw to bio-based chemicals: an integrated process using Lactobacillus brevis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND PROCESS ENGINEERING Conversion of rice straw to bio-LB, Bothast RJ (1999) Conversion of corn fiber to ethanol by

Kim, Jae-Han; Block, David E.; Shoemaker, Sharon P.; Mills, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A ... Delivering a National Process Design Unit with Industry Support.

90

Simulating the Impact of Climate Change on Rice Phenology and Grain Yield in Irrigated Drylands of Central Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rice is the second major food crop in central Asia. Climate change may greatly affect the rice production in the region. This study quantifies the effects of projected increases in temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration on the phenological ...

K. P. Devkota; A. M. Manschadi; M. Devkota; J. P. A. Lamers; E. Ruzibaev; O. Egamberdiev; E. Amiri; P. L. G. Vlek

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Simulating the impact of climate change on rice phenology and grain yield in irrigated drylands of Central Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rice is the second major food crop in Central Asia. Climate change may greatly affect the rice production in the region. This study quantifies the effects of projected increases in temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration on the phenological ...

K. P. Devkota; A. M. Manschadi; M. K. Devkota; O. Egamberdiev; P. L. G. Vlek

92

Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract A regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan with a 5 Tg black carbonImpacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China Lili Xia & Alan Robock agricultural simulation model to simulate regional nuclear war impacts on rice yield in 24 provinces in China

Robock, Alan

93

Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan with a 5 Tg black carbon injection into the upperImpacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China Lili Xia & Alan Robock to simulate regional nuclear war impacts on rice yield in 24 provinces in China. We first evaluated the model

Robock, Alan

94

Participatory agent-based modeling and simulation of rice production and labor migrations in Northeast Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfed lowland rice production in lower Northeast Thailand is a complex and adaptive farming activity. Complexity arises from interconnections between multiple and intertwined processes, affected by harsh climatic and soil conditions, cropping practices ... Keywords: Capacity building, Co-learning, Companion modeling, Rainfed lowland rice

W. Naivinit; C. Le Page; G. Trbuil; N. Gajaseni

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Investigation of SPAD meter-based indices for estimating rice nitrogen status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One solution-culture and two field experiments with four rice genotypes were conducted to relate SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter readings to variables reflecting nitrogen (N) status at different developmental stages. We systemically compared differences of ... Keywords: Chlorophyll meter, Leaf, Plant nitrogen diagnosis, Rice

Fen Fang Lin; Le Feng Qiu; Jing Song Deng; Yuan Yuan Shi; Li Su Chen; Ke Wang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Formation and emission of methane in rice soils: Experimental determination and modeling analysis. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rice paddy soils have been identified as a major source of methane emissions contributing to the observed atmospheric increase in methane. This points to the need for a method of quantifying and predicting methane emissions for the widely varying conditions used in rice agriculture throughout the world. In the present work, a mathematical model for estimating the emission of methane from rice paddy soils is developed and refined. Kinetic parameters for methanogenesis in a Louisiana rice soil are determined from laboratory data on methane production from acetic acid substrate. Use of a stirred reactor allows simultaneous measurement of acetate consumption and methane production while minimizing mass transfer limitations. An existing model for rice plant growth is utilized to provide data on the availability of root exudates as a carbon source for the methanogens. The final methane model includes the kinetic parameters, plant data, and estimated transport parameters. With adjustments in these parameters, it provides an acceptable match to field data.

Law, V.J.; Bhattacharya, S.K.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

RAPID FUSION METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES IN LARGE RICE SAMPLES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new rapid fusion method for the determination of plutonium in large rice samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (Aiken, SC, USA) that can be used to determine very low levels of plutonium isotopes in rice. The recent accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March, 2011 reinforces the need to have rapid, reliable radiochemical analyses for radionuclides in environmental and food samples. Public concern regarding foods, particularly foods such as rice in Japan, highlights the need for analytical techniques that will allow very large sample aliquots of rice to be used for analysis so that very low levels of plutonium isotopes may be detected. The new method to determine plutonium isotopes in large rice samples utilizes a furnace ashing step, a rapid sodium hydroxide fusion method, a lanthanum fluoride matrix removal step, and a column separation process with TEVA Resin? cartridges. The method can be applied to rice sample aliquots as large as 5 kg. Plutonium isotopes can be determined using alpha spectrometry or inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The method showed high chemical recoveries and effective removal of interferences. The rapid fusion technique is a rugged sample digestion method that ensures that any refractory plutonium particles are effectively digested. The MDA for a 5 kg rice sample using alpha spectrometry is 7E-5 mBq g{sup -1}. The method can easily be adapted for use by ICP-MS to allow detection of plutonium isotopic ratios.

Maxwell, S.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

CX-006800: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorported for laboratory scale research extracting solar grade silicon from rice hull ash (RHA). This work would take place at a new Mayaterials facility located at 1665...

99

Recent Developments in the Processing, Characterization ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic and natural or waste/recycling reinforcements (fly-ash and rice-hull ash ) Novel characterization techniques Modeling and simulation of composite...

100

Conversion of rice straw to bio-based chemicals: an integrated process using Lactobacillus brevis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion of rice straw to bio-based chemicals: anbiomass as a feedstock for bio-based chemical production ispositive strain is used for bio-based chemical production

Kim, Jae-Han; Block, David E.; Shoemaker, Sharon P.; Mills, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The hydrogeochemistry of pond and rice field recharge : implications for the arsenic contaminated aquifers in Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shallow aquifers in Bangladesh, which provide drinking water for millions and irrigation water for innumerable rice fields, are severely contaminated with geogenic arsenic. Water mass balance calculations show that ...

Neumann, Rebecca B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Determination of Storage Time of Rice Seed Using ANN Based on NIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple, fast and nondestructive approach was put forward to classify rice seed of different storage time. This discrimination was conducted by integrated with wavelet transform (WT), principal component analysis (PCA) and artificial neural networks ...

Zhu Dengsheng; Li Xiaoli

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Probabilistic Risk Assessment of the Rice Cropping Schedule for Central Hokkaido, Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A framework for the probabilistic risk assessment of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) cropping schedule (PRARCS) is presented. The method accounts for interannual meteorological variation, as opposed to the traditional cultivation schedule planning ...

Manabu Nemoto; Takahiro Hamasaki; Ryoji Sameshima; Etsushi Kumagai; Hiroyuki Ohno; Yasuyuki Wakiyama; Atsushi Maruyama; Shinkichi Goto; Kiyoshi Ozawa

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Prediction of Rice Production in the Philippines Using Seasonal Climate Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive skills of retrospective seasonal climate forecasts (hindcasts) tailored to Philippine rice production data at national, regional, and provincial levels are investigated using precipitation hindcasts from one uncoupled general ...

Naohisa Koide; Andrew W. Robertson; Amor V. M. Ines; Jian-Hua Qian; David G. DeWitt; Anthony Lucero

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Contract Farming, Smallholders and Commercialization of Agriculture in Uganda: The Case of Sorghum, Sunflower, and Rice Contract Farming Schemes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rate of Adoption of Improved Sorghum Varieties in Easternand non contracted farmers Sorghum NCFs Total (n = 116) (n =in Uganda: The Case of Sorghum, Sunflower, and Rice Contract

Elepu, Gabriel; Nalukenge, Imelda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Seasonal Production and Emission of Methane from Rice Fields, Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

B 139 - Methane (CH4) is a greenhouse gas regarded second only to carbon dioxide in its ability to cause global warming. Methane is important because of its relatively fast increase, and also because it is, per molecule, some 60 times more effective than carbon dioxide in causing global warming. The largest present anthropogenic sources of methane are rice fields, cattle and biomass burning. The global emissions from these sources are still not well known. In the middle 1980s there were few available data on methane emissions from rice fields leading to estimates of a global source between 100-280 Tg/yr. Extensive worldwide research during the last decade has shown that the global emissions from rice fields are more likely to be in the range of 30-80Tg/yr. While this work has led to a substantial reduction in the estimated emissions, the uncertainty is still quite large, and seriously affects our ability to include methane in integrated assessments for future climate change and environmental management.China dominated estimates of methane emissions from rice fields because it was, and is, the largest producer of rice, and major increases in rice production had taken place in the country over the last several decades. This report summarizes the work in Sichuan Province, China, in each of the following areas: the design of the experiment; the main results on methane emissions from rice fields, delineating the factors controlling emissions; production of methane in the soil; a survey of water management practices in sample of counties in Sichuan province; and results of ambient measurements including data from the background continental site. B139

Khalil, M. Aslam K.; Rasmussen,Reinhold A.

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

107

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University (www.ruf.rice.edu/~nagaraja &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/11/us/11spill.html?hp New Estimates Double Rate of Oil Flowing on Thursday essentially doubled its estimate of how much oil has been spewing from the out-of-control BP well

Nagarajaiah, Satish

108

Rice Transformation as a Means to Study Gene Expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exceptionally effective transformation procedure has been established by using class I embryo-derived rice callus. Every treated callus clump yielded multiple independently transformed plants (average 40 plantlets). Analysis of genomic DNA blots and pollen expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) from T0 plants revealed that 64% bore a single locus T-DNA insertion in which half had one T-DNA copy. Additive transgene expression was observed fromT0 plants with GFP driven by mUbi1 promoter. Transgenic plants could be rapidly characterized by analyzing GFP pollen from T0 plants without the need for further generations or genomic DNA blot analysis. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of microspore-derived callus for generating large numbers of T-DNA haploid and doubled haploid(DH) plants has also been investigated. The established transformation procedure resulted in 100% transformation frequency for class I microspore-derived rice callus. Each callus typically yields multiple independent transgenic plants. Genomic DNA blot analysis suggested 98% of the transgenic plants are independent events. About half of the transgenic plants were identified as haploid plants, whereas half are DH hemizygous or homozygous transgenic plants. DH homozygous transgenic plants were obtained from T0plants and confirmed by pollen GFP expression and genomic blot analysis in T0transgenic DH plants. In this study, about 60% ofT0transgenic DH plants had a single locus T-DNA insertion of which 45% bore one T-DNA copy. Furthermore, in a population of over 2,000 haploid and doubled haploid T-DNA plants , about 25% showed phenotypic differences from non-transformed haploid plants. Approximately 5% were seriously phenotypically abnormal including lethal or semi-lethal mutants. This highly efficient transformation procedure using microspore-derived callus could be valuable in speeding up plant breeding and in new gene discovery. Diversification of the mUbi1 promoter led to a minimal promoter that has a similar function as the original mUbi1. Transient and stable transformation as measured from gene expression driven by the minimal promoter suggested that it has a similar function as the original wild type promoter.

Jiang, Yiming

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Application of neural networks to discriminate fungal infection levels in rice panicles using hyperspectral reflectance and principal components analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detecting plant health condition is an important step in controlling disease and insect stress in agricultural crops. In this study, we applied neural network and principal components analysis techniques for discriminating and classifying different fungal ... Keywords: Derivative spectra, Neural networks, Principal component analysis, Remote sensing, Rice false smut disease, Rice glume blight disease, Spectral reflectance

Zhan-Yu Liu; Hong-Feng Wu; Jing-Feng Huang

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Genomic organization of chromosomal centromeres in the cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L., and its wild progenitor, O. rufipogon Griff.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centromeres are responsible for sister-chromatid cohesion, kinetochore formation, and accurate transmission of chromosomes. Rice provides an excellent model for organizational and functional studies of centromeres since several of its chromosomes contain limited amounts of satellite and other repetitive sequences in their centromeres. To facilitate molecular characterization of the centromeres, we screened several BIBAC and BAC libraries of japonica and indica rice, using several centromere-specific repeat elements as probes. The positive clones were identified, fingerprinted and integrated into our whole genome physical map databases of the two rice subspecies. BAC/BIBACbased physical maps were constructed for the centromeric regions of the subspecies. To determine whether the genomic organization of the centromeres has changed since the cultivated rice split from its progenitor and to identify the sequences potentially playing an important role in centromere functions, we constructed a large-insert BIBAC library for the wild progenitor of Asian cultivated rice, O. rufipogon. The library contains 24,192 clones, has an average insert size of 163 kb, and covers 5 x haploid genome of wild rice. We screened the wild rice library with two centromere 8-specific overgo probes designed from the sequences flanking centromere 8 of japonica rice. A BIBACbased map was constructed for wild rice centromere 8. Two of the clones, B43P04 and B15E04, were found to span the entire region of the wild rice centromere and thus selected for sequencing the centromere. By sequencing the B43P09 clone, a 95% genomic sequence of the long arm side of wild rice centromere 8 was obtained. Comparative analysis revealed that the centromeric regions of wild rice have a similar gene content to japonica rice, but the centromeric regions of japonica rice have undergone chromosomal rearrangements at both large scale and nucleotide levels. In addition, although the 155-bp satellite repeats showed dramatic changes at the middle region, they are conserved at the 5' and 3' ends of satellite monomers, suggesting that those regions might have important functional roles for centromeres. These results provide not only new insights into genomic organization and evolution, but also a platform for functional analysis of plant centromeres.

Uhm, Taesik

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Event Reconstruction and Data Acquisition for the RICE Experiment at the South Pole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The RICE experiment seeks to measure ultra-high energy neutrinos (E(nu)>10 PeV) by detection of the radio wavelength Cherenkov radiation produced by neutrino-ice collisions within Antarctic ice. An array of 16 dipole antennas, buried at depths of 100-400 m, and sensitive over the 100-500 MHz frequency range, has been continuously taking data for the last seven years. We herein describe the design and performance of the RICE experiment's event trigger and data acquisition system, highlighting elements not covered as extensively in previous publications.

I. Kravchenko

2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

112

Plant-Soil Interactions, Weed Control, and Rice Tolerance as Affected by Saflufenacil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saflufenacil is a new herbicide for broadleaf weed control. Limited information is available for crop tolerance, weed control and herbicide behavior in the rice environment. Studies were designed to 1 and 2) evaluate rice tolerance and weed control to saflufenacil in combination with clomazone and imazethapyr; 3) evaluate the absorption and translocation of imazethapyr and saflufenacil in weed species 4) assess saflufenacil degradation and persistence in soils; and 5) investigate the use of reference compounds during the determination of pesticide adsorption (Kd). None or minimal rice injury was observed from preemergence (PRE) application of saflufenacil. Intense injury (68%) was noted with combinations of clomazone (505 g ha-1) applied PRE and saflufenacil (50 g ha-1) applied postemergence (POST). Similarly, rice injury up to 83% was observed in earlier evaluations when saflufenacil was applied POST with imazethapyr. However, subsequent evaluations indicated rice recovery from herbicide treatments. Combination of saflufenacil with imazethapyr resulted in hemp sesbania control ? 88% and red rice control of 100%. Rice yield was not adversely altered by the herbicide treatments used in the clomazone and imazethapyr weed control programs. Imazethapyr plus saflufenacil provided a greater uptake (30%) and translocation (35%) of 14C-imazethapyr than imazethapyr alone in the TX4 red rice. Absorption of 14C-saflufenacil ranged from approximately 40 to 60% in hemp sesbania plants. At 12 and 24 hours after treatment a greater percentage of the absorbed saflufenacil was quantified above the treated leaf at the two lower light intensities. Similar trends were observed for basipetal movement of saflufenacil. An accelerated solvent extraction method was developed to extract saflufenacil from soil. Half-life averaged among soils was 59 and 33 days for saturated and field capacity, respectively. Saflufenacil persistence in the environment was 2 to 3 times longer under flooded conditions for most of the studied soils. Adsorption values were affected by soil to solution ratios, particularly when the soil-pesticide interaction resulted in Kd values > than 2 mL g-1. The use of reference compounds during Kd estimation allowed for calculation of a conceptual adsorption window generating a more comprehensive set of data with alternatives for comparison of soils and methods.

Camargo, Edinalvo

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Integrating remote sensing and GIS for prediction of rice protein contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;1 Integrating remote sensing and GIS for prediction of rice protein contents Chanseok RYU1 harvest was established by remote sensing (RS) and analyzed to select the key management factors the key management factor by the difference in the Field GreenNDVI. Keywords: remote sensing, geographic

Takada, Shoji

114

Rice University WARPnet: A Platform for Clean-Slate Deployed Wireless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rice University WARPnet: A Platform for Clean-Slate Deployed Wireless Networks by Siddharth Gupta: A Platform for Clean-Slate Deployed Wireless Networks by Siddharth Gupta There has been a recent paradigm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 WARPnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Related Work

115

El NioSouthern Oscillation Impacts on Rice Production in Luzon, the Philippines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses regression analysis to evaluate the relationships among sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) averaged over the Nio-3.4 region (5N5S, 120170W), rainfall, and rice production, area harvested, and yield in Luzon, the large ...

Martha G. Roberts; David Dawe; Walter P. Falcon; Rosamond L. Naylor

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

I. Bread, cereal, rice, and pasta 6-11 servings (aim for 50% whole grain)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cranberry juice Dinner leftovers such as Chicken and veggie stir-fry over Steamed brown rice Low fat yogurt, and cheese (2-3 servings) IV. Fats, oils, and sweets (sparingly) Breakfast Ideas Oatmeal Raisins or dried cranberries Low-fat milk Low-fat mozzarella cheese sticks Whole-grain crackers Mixed dried fruits Low-fat

de la Torre, José R.

117

Effect of industrial by-products containing electron acceptors on mitigating methane emission during rice cultivation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three industrial by-products (fly ash, phosphogypsum and blast furnace slag), were evaluated for their potential re-use as soil amendments to reduce methane (CH{sub 4}) emission resulting from rice cultivation. In laboratory incubations, CH{sub 4} production rates from anoxic soil slurries were significantly reduced at amendment levels of 0.5%, 1%, 2% and 5% (wt wt{sup -1}), while observed CO{sub 2} production rates were enhanced. The level of suppression in methane production was the highest for phosphogypsum, followed by blast slag and then fly ash. In the greenhouse experiment, CH{sub 4} emission rates from the rice planted potted soils significantly decreased with the increasing levels (2-20 Mg ha{sup -1}) of the selected amendments applied, while rice yield simultaneously increased compared to the control treatment. At 10 Mg ha{sup -1} application level of the amendments, total seasonal CH{sub 4} emissions were reduced by 20%, 27% and 25%, while rice grain yields were increased by 17%, 15% and 23% over the control with fly ash, phosphogypsum, and blast slag amendments, respectively. The suppression of CH{sub 4} production rates as well as total seasonal CH{sub 4} flux could be due to the increased concentrations of active iron, free iron, manganese oxides, and sulfate in the amended soil, which acted as electron acceptors and controlled methanogens' activity by limiting substrates availability. Among the amendments, blast furnace slag and fly ash contributed mainly to improve the soil nutrients balance and increased the soil pH level towards neutral point, but soil acidity was developed with phosphogypsum application. Conclusively, blast slag among the selected amendments would be a suitable soil amendment for reducing CH{sub 4} emissions as well as sustaining rice productivity.

Ali, Muhammad Aslam [Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202 (Bangladesh); Lee, Chang Hoon [Functional Cereal Crop Research Division, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, 1085, Naey-dong, Milyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Yoon [Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School (Brain Korea 21 Program), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Pil Joo [Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School (Brain Korea 21 Program), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: pjkim@gnu.ac.kr

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

In silico analysis of motifs in promoters of Differentially Expressed Genes in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under anoxia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to characterise the molecular mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of Differentially Expressed Genes (DEGs) in rice coleoptiles under anoxia by identifying motifs that are common in the promoter region of co-regulated ... Keywords: AREs, DEGs, Oryza sativa, anaerobic response elements, anoxia, bioinformatics, consensus promoter motif, differentially expressed genes, eukaryotic promoters, gene promoters, in silico motifs, in-silico motifs, microarrays, molecular mechanisms, motif detection, promoter motifs, rice, transcriptional regulation

Ashutosh Kumar; Shuchi Smita; Neeti Sahu; Vivekanand Sharma; Shankaracharya; Ambarish S. Vidyarthi; Dev Mani Pandey

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Sources of methane in China: A program to estimate emissions from rice paddy fields, bio-gas pits, and urban areas: Annual progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are measuring methane from rice paddy fields and bio-gas pits. The project has produced new results that we are using to sharply focus the present study. We measured ambient concentrations at Minqin, Beijing, and Chendu. We obtained flux measurements from bio-gas pits, and flux measurements from rice paddy fields. Minqin is a background site with no large local sources of methane such as rice fields or urban areas. It serves as control for the experiment. Beijing is representative of a large industrialized Chinese city not affected by rice agriculture but heavily dependent on burning coal for cooking and heating. Chendu is in the heart of the rice producing areas of China where rice paddies cover millions of acres and methane from bio-gas pits is an important source of energy. Further progress was impeded by a lack of a formal agreement between the US and PRC, which was not signed until August 1987. 9 figs.

Rasmussen, R.A.; Khalil, M.A.K.

1987-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

Lincoln-Fort Rice, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lincoln-Fort Rice, North Dakota: Energy Resources Lincoln-Fort Rice, North Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.7374001°, -100.7514845° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.7374001,"lon":-100.7514845,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Microsoft Word - CX-RiceFlatsSiteMaintenanceFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12, 2012 12, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Steve Lowder Project Manager - TESM-AMPN-2 Proposed Action: Rice Flats Electrode Site Maintenance and Inspection Project Budget Information: Work Order #00219387 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: The proposed project area is approximately seven miles southeast of The Dalles,

122

Key words: serology/sedimentation/virus group~maize stripe virus/rice stripe virus Relationship Between Maize Stripe Virus and Rice Stripe Virus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maize stripe virus (MStpV) and rice stripe virus (RSV) were compared serologically, chemically and physically. Cross-reactions in agar gel double-diffusion and microprecipitin tests, and neutralization of MStpV infectivity by antiserum to either virus showed that MStpV and RSV are serologically related. Both viruses sedimented slowly and in a heterodisperse manner in rate-zonal sucrose gradients, and both had similar buoyant densities in CsC1. Large amounts of a low molecular weight non-capsid protein were found in plants infected with either virus. Only limited maize-to-maize transmission of RSV was obtained with Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead), the MStpV vector. This transmission, however, resulted in symptoms similar to those induced by MStpV. MStpV and RSV appear to be members of the same virus group.

E. Gingery; Lowell R. Nault; Shuichi Yamashita

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

High level expression of Acidothermus cellulolyticus ?-1, 4-endoglucanase in transgenic rice enhances the hydrolysis of its straw by cultured cow gastric fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale production of effective cellulose hydrolytic enzymes is the key to the bioconversion of agricultural residues to ethanol. The goal of this study was to develop a rice plant as a bioreactor for the large-scale production of cellulose hydrolytic enzymes via genetic transformation, and to simultaneously improve rice straw as an efficient biomass feedstock for conversion of cellulose to glucose. In this study, the cellulose hydrolytic enzyme {beta}-1, 4-endoglucanase (E1) from the thermophilic bacterium Acidothermus cellulolyticus was overexpressed in rice through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The expression of the bacterial gene in rice was driven by the constitutive Mac promoter, a hybrid promoter of Ti plasmid mannopine synthetase promoter and cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter enhancer with the signal peptide of tobacco pathogenesis-related protein for targeting the protein to the apoplastic compartment for storage. A total of 52 transgenic rice plants from six independent lines expressing the bacterial enzyme were obtained, which expressed the gene at high levels with a normal phenotype. The specific activities of E1 in the leaves of the highest expressing transgenic rice lines were about 20 fold higher than those of various transgenic plants obtained in previous studies and the protein amounts accounted for up to 6.1% of the total leaf soluble protein. Zymogram and temperature-dependent activity analyses demonstrated the thermostability of the enzyme and its substrate specificity against cellulose, and a simple heat treatment can be used to purify the protein. In addition, hydrolysis of transgenic rice straw with cultured cow gastric fluid yielded almost twice more reducing sugars than wild type straw. Taken together, these data suggest that transgenic rice can effectively serve as a bioreactor for large-scale production of active, thermostable cellulose hydrolytic enzymes. As a feedstock, direct expression of large amount of cellulases in transgenic rice may also facilitate saccharification of cellulose in rice straw and significantly reduce the costs for hydrolytic enzymes.

Chou, Hong L.; Dai, Ziyu; Hsieh, Chia W.; Ku, Maurice S.

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Catalytic gasification studies in a pressurized fluid-bed unit  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the project is to evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of producing specific gas products via the catalytic gasification of biomass. This report presents the results of research conducted from October 1980 to November 1982. In the laboratory scale studis, active catalysts were developed for generation of synthesis gases from wood by steam gasification. A trimetallic catalyst, Ni-Co-Mo on silica-alumina doped with 2 wt % Na, was found to retain activity indefinitely for generation of a methanol synthesis gas from wood at 1380/sup 0/F (750/sup 0/C) and 1 atm (100 kPa) absolute pressure. Catalysts for generation of a methane-rich gas were deactivated rapidly and could not be regenerated as required for economic application. Sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate were effective as catalysts for conversion of wood to synthesis gases and methane-rich gas and should be economically viable. Catalytic gasification conditions were found to be suitable for processing of alternative feedstocks: bagasse, alfalfa, rice hulls, and almond hulls. The PDU was operated successfully at absolute pressures of up to 10 atm (1000 kPa) and temperatures of up to 1380/sup 0/F (750/sup 0/C). Yields of synthesis gases at elevated pressure were greater than those used for previous economic evaluations. A trimetallic catalyst, Ni-Cu-Mo on silica-alumina, did not display a long life as did the doped trimetallic catalyst used in laboratory studies. A computer program for a Radio Shack TRS-80 Model I microcomputer was developed to evaluate rapidly the economics of producing either methane or methanol from wood. The program is based on economic evaluations reported in previous studies. Improved yields from the PDU studies were found to result in a reduction of about 9 cents/gal in methanol cost.

Mudge, L.K.; Baker, E.G.; Mitchell, D.H.; Robertus, R.J.; Brown, M.D.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Integrated model shows that atmospheric brown clouds and greenhouse gases have reduced rice harvests in India  

SciTech Connect

Previous studies have found that atmospheric brown clouds partially offset the warming effects of greenhouse gases. This finding suggests a tradeoff between the impacts of reducing emissions of aerosols and greenhouse gases. Results from a statistical model of historical rice harvests in India, coupled with regional climate scenarios from a parallel climate model, indicate that joint reductions in brown clouds and greenhouse gases would in fact have complementary, positive impacts on harvests. The results also imply that adverse climate change due to brown clouds and greenhouse gases contributed to the slowdown in harvest growth that occurred during the past two decades.

Auffhammer, M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics; Ramanathan, V. [Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego, CA (United States); Vincent, J.R. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

126

Responses of High Biomass Rice (Oryza sativa L.) to Various Abiotic Stresses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rice produces a lot of biomass which is an important trait in increasing grain yield and it is a potential feedstock for bioenergy production. High biomass rice is important to meet the growing demands of grains and biomass for food, fodder and bio-fuel industries. Limited studies have been conducted to determine its response to unfavorable conditions. The main objectives of this study were to determine the response of selected high biomass rice to drought, rainfed and flooded conditions and identify best genotypes that can be grown in unfavorable areas. Two experiments were conducted in summer 2009 to evaluate biomass yield and agronomic traits of selected high biomass genotypes. A greenhouse study had genotypes grown under drought condition - different field capacity (FC) i.e. 100 percent, 75 percent and 50 percent FC, while the field study had rainfed and flooded environments. Most of the genotypes performed well under fully saturated soil conditions but some were less affected by drought. Limited water delayed first tiller emergence and reduced tiller count, rate of tiller production, plant height, rate of increase in height, shoot and root weight, root:shoot (R:S) ratio, percent dry matter (percent DM) and total biomass. The plant height, tiller plant-1, and total biomass at maturity were lower under rainfed conditions and their flowering was delayed compared to flooded conditions. Majority of these traits were correlated with high biomass yield. Genotype 11 which is tall and late maturing produced the highest number of tillers plant-1 and tillers/ 750 cm2 and had the highest biomass yield under both rainfed and flooded conditions. It performed equally well under drought conditions particularly in root and R:S ratio, but genotype 12 was the best in most parameters measured in the greenhouse. Although it was the shortest genotype, it was highest in biomass yield, earliest to tiller, had the highest shoot weight and tiller count, and had the fastest tiller production. The high biomass genotypes like conventional rice were affected by drought and performed better under flooded conditions. However, these two genotypes can produce optimum results under limited availability of water and hence be used for biomass production under stressed environments.

Kondhia, Aditi Nitinkumar

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Root Morphological and Physiological Bases to Understand Genotypic Control of Mineral Acquisition in Rice Grains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) supports half of the human population. However, predominant rice consumption leads to malnutrition due to mineral deficiencies. The research goal was to support identification of genes responsible for the uptake/accumulation of potassium (K), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and molybdenum (Mo), thus promoting the breeding for rice with high grain concentrations of these elements. Prior studies identified rice genotypes with high grain-K, -Fe, -Zn or -Mo concentrations that were hypothesized to be due to differences in root traits. The research objective was to identify root traits associated with these elements. These traits could be bases for identifying genes. The first study determined if these genotypes showed similar accumulation patterns in leaves as in grains, which would hint at influences of the roots and enable identifying distinct root traits and possible genes in vegetative growth stages. The second study determined if root traits of high grain-Mo genotypes displayed an acid-tolerance mechanism as these genotypes originated from Malaysia where acidic soils strongly adsorb Mo making it unavailable for plants. The third study identified root trait differences of high grain-K, -Fe, -Zn and -Mo genotypes in hydroponics media, while the fourth determined root trait differences in these genotypes in sand-culture media including a 1-Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) seed treatment for perturbation. The first study identified several high grain-Mo genotypes with similar Mo accumulation patterns in V4 to V6 stage-leaves as in grains, suggestive of a root influence. The second study established that gross morphological and physiological root traits of a high grain-Mo genotype were not part of an acid-tolerance mechanism. Neither the third nor fourth study identified root traits related to shoot K, Fe, Zn or Mo concentration, however positive associations of seedling vigor traits with several beneficial elements, including K, and negative associations with numerous toxic elements were established. Lack of correlation with root traits suggests other mechanisms (e.g. active uptake transporters) instead control the observed grain accumulation differences. Based on the fourth study, either direct effects of NAA on element uptake/transfer or indirect effects on soil pH and redox potential altered tissue Fe and Zn levels.

Chittoori, Ratnaprabha 1982-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Recovery of Recombinant and Native Proteins from Rice and Corn Seed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plants are potential sources of valuable recombinant and native proteins that can be purified for pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and food applications. Transgenic rice and corn germ were evaluated for the production of novel protein products. This dissertation addresses: 1) the extraction and purification of the recombinant protein, human lysozyme (HuLZ), from transgenic rice and 2) the processing of dry-milled corn germ for the production of high protein germ and corn protein concentrate (CPC). The factors affecting the extraction and purification of HuLZ from rice were evaluated. Ionic strength and pH was used to optimize HuLZ extraction and cation exchange purification. The selected conditions, pH 4.5 with 50 mM NaCl, were a compromise between HuLZ extractability and binding capacity, resulting in 90% purity. Process simulation was used to assess the HuLZ purification efficiency and showed that the processing costs were comparable to native lysozyme purification from egg-white, the current predominant lysozyme source. Higher purity HuLZ (95%) could be achieved using pH 4.5 extraction followed by pH 6 adsorption, but the binding capacity was unexpectedly reduced by 80%. The rice impurity, phytic acid, was identified as the potential cause of the unacceptably low capacity. Enzymatic (phytase) treatment prior to adsorption improved purification, implicating phytic acid as the primary culprit. Two processing methods were proposed to reduce this interference: 1) pH 10 extraction followed by pH 4.5 precipitation and pH 6 adsorption and 2) pH 4.5 extraction and pH 6 adsorption in the presence of TRIS counter-ions. Both methods improved the binding capacity from 8.6 mg/mL to >25 mg/mL and maintained HuLZ purity. Processing of dry-milled corn germ to increase protein and oil content was evaluated using germ wet milling. In this novel method, dry-milled germ is soaked and wet processed to produce higher value protein products. Lab-scale and pilot-scale experiments identified soaking conditions that reduced germ starch content, enhanced protein and oil content, and maintained germ PDI (protein dispersibility index). Soaking at neutral pH and 25 degrees C maintained germ PDI and improved CPC yield from defatted germ flour. CPC with greater than 75% protein purity was produced using protein precipitation or membrane filtration.

Wilken, Lisa Rachelle

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, Andrew W. Moore and Andy Hopper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice renewable en- ergy by (i) colocating datacentres with these remote energy sources, (ii) connecting them over that period. In anticipation of this growth, our industry is begin- ning to explore renewable energy

Haddadi, Hamed

130

Chemical and physical property of rice straw waste and hospital sewage sludge in turned windrow aeration system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most sewage sludge from hospital wastewater treatment plants in Northern Thailand are also being to incinerator and agricultural fields. Land application of hospital sewage sludge has serious effects on environmental. The main goal of this investigation ... Keywords: co-composting, hospital sewage sludge, rice straw waste, turned windrow aeration

Khajornsak Sopajaree; Apisit Sancom

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

ENERGY CHANGES IN STRESSED BODIES DUE TO VOID AND CRACK J. R. Rice** and D. C. Drucker***  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the mechanical aspects of stress corrosion cracking are discussed. INTRODUCTION A comparison is made firstENERGY CHANGES IN STRESSED BODIES DUE TO VOID AND CRACK GROWTH* J. R. Rice** and D. C. Drucker materials, and for the mechanical aspects of stress corrosion. The authors acknowledge with thei~ respective

132

ALDEN HULL .. ... .. .. Editor JANE PIER . . . Business Manager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Directed by Richard Sullivan Lee Nancy T. Hansen Theatre iphigenia and other Daughters by Ellen mcLaughlin Schmidli James Keller Andrew Martin Kate Keller Colette Pfeiffer Helen Keller Anastasia Spalding Aunt Ev for making this place a home. She would especially like to thank Anastasia for taking this amazing trip

O'Laughlin, Jay

133

CLASS OF '13 Edna Hull Bennion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Horsley Camille Neddo Johnson Victoria Johnson Kidman Scott S. Kunkel Matthew L. Lalli Tim B. McLaughlin Joseph William Marchese Andrew Garcia Murphy Nicole Yvonne Nguyen Anastasia Nicole Niedrich Katherine

Provancher, William

134

Measurements of Aerodynamic Roughness, Bowen Ratio, and Atmospheric Surface Layer Height by Eddy Covariance and Tethersonde Systems Simultaneously over a Heterogeneous Rice Paddy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aerodynamic roughness, Bowen ratio, and friction velocity were measured over a rice paddy using tethersonde and eddy covariance (EC) systems. In addition, the height ranges of the atmospheric inertial sublayer (ISL) were derived using the ...

Jeng-Lin Tsai; Ben-Jei Tsuang; Po-Sheng Lu; Ken-Hui Chang; Ming-Hwi Yao; Yuan Shen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Predicting Success of IndicalJaponica Crosses in Rice, Based on a PCR Markerfor the S-5n Allele at a Hybrid-Sterility Locus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crosses in Rice, Based on a PCR Marker for the S-5n Allele1995). This report describes a PCR-based marker derived fromvisible on seedlings. The PCR primers were de- signed from

William, Christie E; Yanagihara, Seiji; McCouch, Susan R; Mackill, David J; Ronald, P C

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Diagnostics of Climate Model Biases in Summer Temperature and Warm-Season Insolation for the Simulation of Regional Paddy Rice Yield in Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study quantifies the ranges of climate model biases in surface air temperature for July and August (summer temperature) and daily total insolation for MayOctober (warm-season insolation) that can give simulated regional paddy rice yields ...

Toshichika Iizumi; Motoki Nishimori; Masayuki Yokozawa

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Climate Change, High-Temperature Stress, Rice Productivity, and Water Use in Eastern China: A New Superensemble-Based Probabilistic Projection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of climate change on rice productivity in China remains highly uncertain because of uncertainties from climate change scenarios, parameterizations of biophysical processes, and extreme temperature stress in crop models. Here, the Model ...

Fulu Tao; Zhao Zhang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Katie Rice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2011). Grand prize at the Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute (RASEI) poster competition (2011). Graduate Assistance ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Limits on the Transient Ultra-High Energy Neutrino Flux from Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRB) Derived from RICE Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present limits on ultra-high energy (UHE; E(nu)>1 PeV) neutrino fluxes from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), based on recently presented data, limits, and simulations from the RICE experiment. We use data from five recorded transients with sufficient photon spectral shape and redshift information to derive an expected neutrino flux, assuming that the observed photons are linked to neutrino production through pion decay via the well-known 'Waxman-Bahcall' prescription. Knowing the declination of the observed burst, as well as the RICE sensitivity as a function of polar angle and the previously published non-observation of any neutrino events allows an estimate of the sensitivity to a given neutrino flux. Although several orders of magnitude weaker than the expected fluxes, our GRB neutrino flux limits are nevertheless the first in the PeV--EeV energy regime. For completeness, we also provide a listing of other bursts, recorded at times when the RICE experiment was active, but requiring some assumptions regarding luminosity and redshift to permit estimates of the neutrino flux.

D. Besson; S. Razzaque; J. Adams; P. Harris

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

140

STUDY OF GENE SILENCING IN RICE: A ROOT PREFERENTIAL GENE RCG2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The RCg2 promoter was identified in a search for root-specific genes to combat the rice water weevil (RWW) but expressed at low frequency (~10%). Spatial expression of RCg2 was investigated using two reporter constructs YXA (RCg2-gus-ocs) and YXB (RCg2-gus-RCg2) that included 1.6 kb of the RCg2 5' sequence fused to the ?-glucuronidase (gus) coding region. YXB plants were generated via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation but only 8 of 158 plants analyzed showed strong GUS activity despite the presence of an intact construct. Reactivation of RCg2 gene in rice was investigated by treatment of R0 and R1 of YXB transgenic plants with 5-azacytidine. Reactivation of RCg2-gus was observed in some transgenic plants indicating different mechanisms involved in the gene silencing of the YXB lines. DNA methylation analysis, northern blotting, RT-PCR and small RNA analysis supported the conclusion that PTGS and TGS are present in the silenced plants. Promoter analysis in silico and using promoter deletion assays predicted that the RCg2 promoter contains a complex region that includes miRNA homologs, MITEs and repetitive sequences. The high frequency of promoter-related silencing suggests functional interactions of these elements of the transgene and the homologous endogenous gene. To identify key elements contributing to the root-preferential expression of RCg2 and the high frequency of silencing observed in transgenic (YXB) lines, several RCg2 promoter deletion constructs were designed. These include 5' deletions MC1, MC2, MC4, MC7 and MC8 and internal deletions MC5, MC11, MC12 and MC13. The frequency with which silencing was encountered in populations of the deletion mutants was used to characterize the effects of various promoter elements. Deletion of the region from -406 to -208 (compared MC11 to YXB, and MC13 to MC1) revealed that region contains a negative element. Among 36 independent transformants, 33% with MC11 expressed GUS and 85% with MC13 showed GUS expression. Comparing MC7 transgenic plants to MC1 revealed that the region ?888 to ?729 is another negative regulatory element, and comparing MC11 to MC12, the proportion of expression of transgenic plants indicated the region ?729 to ?406 is a positive regulatory element.

Shi, Xiangyu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Characterization and genetic analysis of a very high tillering and dwarf rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study focused on characterizing and determining the inheritance pattern of very high tillering and dwarf traits of a rice mutant. To characterize the new mutant, field phenotyping studies, and response of two mutant lines (M-13662 & M-13684) to three levels of nitrogen (179, 202, 224 kg ha-1) and five planting densities (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 plants hill-1) in greenhouse conditions were conducted. A separate study was carried out to determine the response of the two mutant lines to gibberellic acid (GA) application. The mutants were 50-55 cm tall and produced 89-121 tillers plant-1 at harvest. Dwarfness of the mutants was due to average shortening of the top four internodes as well as compression of 2-3 basal internodes. The first tiller emerged at the 4th leaf stage whereas no tiller was observed in semi-dwarf rice cultivar, Cocodrie. Results showed that the production of high tiller numbers was the result of the release of axillary buds from a dormant stage rather than the initiation of additional axillary buds. The mutants were late maturing than controls (Cocodrie & Zhe733). The panicles were very short (10-12 cm) and had 25-30 small grains. The majority of tillers of the mutants followed the dn-type dwarf pattern based on Takedas classification, but a few plants had a different dwarfing pattern not included in the classification. Both mutant lines were found to have similar agronomic traits but were significantly different from controls. The tillering ability of the mutants was affected by the five different planting densities as well as the three nitrogen levels. Mutants produced more tillers, both productive and non-productive, at the lowest plant density. The longest and shortest panicles were observed at 202 kg ha-1 and 179 kg ha-1, respectively. Variations in other agronomic traits were found not significant. The response of the mutant to GA application was similar to Cocodrie, and thus was considered GA responsive. Preliminary DNA data using SSR markers supported the presumed origin of the mutants and the genetic analysis indicated that one recessive gene controlled both the dwarfing and very high tillering traits.

Mani, Dhananjay

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Pyrolysis of hull-enriched byproducts from the scarification of hulled barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Orlando, Florida, USA NAWTEC18-3521 STATUS OF EXISTING BIOMASS GASIFICATION AND PYROLYSIS FACILITIES trucking. The preferred development scenario for a biomass gasification or pyrolysis facility to serve for commercial applications [10]. A biomass pyrolysis system has tested firing syn-oil in a gas turbine [11

143

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms Characterization of Rice NADPH Oxidase Genes and Their Expression under Various Environmental Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Plasma membrane NADPH oxidases (Noxs) are key producers of reactive oxygen species under both normal and stress conditions in plants. We demonstrate that at least eleven genes in the genome of rice (Oryza sativa L.) were predicted to encode Nox proteins, including nine genes (OsNox19) that encode typical Noxs and two that encode ancient Nox forms (ferric reduction oxidase 1 and 7, OsFRO1 and OsFRO7). Phylogenetic analysis divided the Noxs from nine plant species into six subfamilies, with rice Nox genes distributed among subfamilies I to V. Gene expression analysis using semi-quantitative RT-PCR and real-time qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of rice Nox genes depends on organs and environmental conditions. Exogenous calcium strongly stimulated the expression of OsNox3, OsNox5, OsNox7, and OsNox8, but depressed the expression of OsFRO1. Drought stress substantially upregulated the expression of OsNox13, OsNox5, OsNox9, and OsFRO1, but downregulated OsNox6. High temperature upregulated OsNox59, but significantly downregulated OsNox13 and OsFRO1. NaCl treatment increased the expression of OsNox2, OsNox8, OsFRO1, and OsFRO7, but decreased that of OsNox1, OsNox3, OsNox5, and OsNox6. These results suggest that the expression profilesInt. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14 9441

Gang-feng Wang; Wen-qiang Li; Wen-yan Li; Guo-li Wu; Cong-yi Zhou; Kun-ming Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Root-induced changes to cadmium speciation in the rhizosphere of two rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes  

SciTech Connect

Our aim was to investigate rhizosphere effects on the chemical behavior of Cd. This was done in a glasshouse experiment, where two rice cultivars (Zhenong54 and Sixizhan) were grown in soil spiked with cadmium (Cd) at two levels, 3.9{+-}0.5 and 8.3{+-}0.5 mg kg{sup -1} soil, placed in a rhizobox until ripening stage. Chemical forms of cadmium near the root surface were then assessed using a sequential extraction procedure (SEP). There were significant differences in Cd species, especially exchangeable Cd (EXC-Cd) between the two rice cultivars as affected by rice roots. The lowest EXC-Cd with Zhenong54 appeared in the near-rhizosphere area with little difference between tillering stage and ripening stage while Sixizhan had its lowest EXC-Cd concentration in the root compartment. Both cultivars had slight changes in the Fe/Mn oxide-bound fraction of Cd (FMO-Cd) at the grain ripening stage while the control treatments without plants had a significant increase in FMO-Cd at the same time, indicating a transformation from a less bioavailable form (FMO-Cd) to more bioavailable forms (EXC-Cd). Soil microbial biomass in the vicinity of the root surface had opposite trends to some extent with EXC-Cd, partly because of the root-induced changes to bioavailable Cd. Unlike Zhenong54, Sixizhan had a higher Cd concentration in the root, but only a small proportion of Cd translocated from the root to grain. - Research highlights: {yields}We investigated genotypic effects on Cd speciation in the rhizosphere of rice. {yields}Zhenong54 (ZN) and Sixizhan (SX) were grown in rhizobox to show root-induced changes. {yields}Lowest exchangeable-Cd of ZN was in near-rhizosphere while SX in root compartment. {yields}Soil microbial biomass had opposite trends with exchangeable-Cd in both cultivars. {yields}Unlike ZN, SX had higher Cd content in roots, but lower Cd content in shoots.

Hu, Linfei [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China) [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Bradfield Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); McBride, Murray B. [Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Bradfield Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)] [Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Bradfield Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Cheng, Hao [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China) [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Wu, Jianjun [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China) [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Nonpoint Source Pollution Control, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Shi, Jiachun, E-mail: jcshi@zju.edu.cn [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China) [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Nonpoint Source Pollution Control, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Xu, Jianming, E-mail: jmxu@zju.edu.cn [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China) [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Nonpoint Source Pollution Control, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Wu, Laosheng [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China) [Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition, Hangzhou 310029 (China); Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Nonpoint Source Pollution Control, Hangzhou 310029 (China)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

A STUDY OF THE FERTILITY AND CARBON SEQUESTRATION POTENTIAL OF RICE SOIL WITH RESPECT TO THE APPLICATION OF BIOCHAR AND SELECTED AMENDMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study was carried out to assess the effect of biochar on the carbon dynamics of wetland rice soils and on the growth and grain yield of rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). Pot experiments were conducted with amendments of chemical and organic origins in addition to woodderived biochar. Maximum soil carbon storage was observed with biochar compared to organic amendments such as composts and chemical fertilizer. Major soil carbon sequestration parameters like soil organic carbon (SOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) were found to be greater with biochar. Aggregate formation was also significant under biochar trials. Considerable reduction in greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission, especially carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O), was observed with biochar. Applications of biochar considerably influenced the growth profile and grain yield of the rice plants compared to other amendments. Hence, these results suggest that biochar of appropriate applied proportion can influence wetland rice soil carbon dynamics and has the potential to combat global warming without compromising productivity. The role of biochar as a green viable carbon negation option is supported by the study since the results showed a positive response towards soil and vegetation carbon Corresponding author:

Shanthi Prabhav; Renuka R; Sreekanth N. P; Babu Padmakumar; A. P Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Impact of biochar application on nitrogen nutrition of rice, greenhouse-gas emissions and soil organic carbon dynamics in two paddy soils of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two field microcosm experiments and 15N labeling techniques were used to investigate the first-year effects of biochar addition on rice N nutrition and GHG emissions in an Inceptisol and an Ultisol. Biochar N bioavailability and effect of biochar on fertilizer nitrogen-use efficiency (NUE) were studied by 15N-enriched wheat biochar (7.8803 atom% 15N) and fertilizer urea (5 atom% 15N) (Experiment I). Corn biochar and corn stalks were applied at 12 Mg ha-1 to study their effects on GHG emissions (Experiment II). Biochar had no significant impact on rice production and less than 2% of the biochar N was available to plants in the first season. Biochar addition increased soil C and N contents and decreased urea NUE.. Seasonal cumulative CH4 emissions with biochar were similar to the controls, but significantly lower than the local practice of straw amendment. Soil emissions of N2O with biochar amendment were similar to the control in the acidic Ultisol, but significantly higher in the slightly alkaline Inceptisol. Carbon-balance calculations found no major losses of biochar-C. Low bio-availability of biochar N did not make a significant impact on rice production or N nutrition during the first year.. Replacement of straw amendments with biochar could decrease CH4 emissions and increase SOC stocks.

Xie, Zubin; Xu, Yanping; Liu, Gang; Liu, Qi; Zhu, Jianguo; Tu, Cong; Amonette, James E.; Cadisch, Georg; Yong, Jean W.; Hu, Shuijin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

The usability of switchgrass, rice straw, and logging residue as feedstocks for power generation in East Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the economic implications of using agriculturally based feedstock for bio-energy production in East Texas. Specifically I examined the use of switchgrass, rice straw, and logging residue as a feedstock for electrical power generation in East Texas replacing coal. To examine the effects of such a substitution, an environmental bio-complexity approach is used to analyze the interactions of agricultural, technological, economic, and environmental factors. In particular, lifecycle analysis (LCA) and Cost-Benefit analysis is used. The results show that as we use more bio-energy for power generation, we will get less Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission, which will be an environmental benefit in the long run. The main problem is that cost increases. Current biomass feedstock production costs are generally too high for biomass feedstock to replace coal in power generation. However I find that GHG offset prices can make biomass economically attractive. In particular GHG offset prices and forgiveness for the emissions from combustion based on photosynthetic absorption would raise the price people would be willing to pay for biomass feedstock making it competitive.

Hong, Sung Wook

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Bagasse-based cogeneration projects in Kenya. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A Definitional Mission team evaluated the prospects of the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) funding a feasibility study that would assist the Government of Kenya in developing power cogeneration plants in three Kenyan sugar factories and possibly two more that are now in the planning stage or construction. The major Kenyan sugar producing region around Kisumu, on Lake Victoria has climatic conditions that permit cane growing operations ideally suitable for cogeneration of power in sugar factories. The total potentially available capacity from the proposed rehabilitation of the three mills will be approximately 25.15 MW, or 5.7 percent of total electricity production.

Kenda, W.; Shrivastava, V.K.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Comparative Study of the Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber/HDPE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The composite samples obtained by extrusion and injection molding processes were irradiated at 50 and 90 kGy using either a 1.5 MeV electron beam...

150

Ethanol Production from Rice-Straw Hydrolysate Using Zymomonas Mobilis in a Continuous Fluidized-Bed Reactor (FBR)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rice-straw hydrolysate obtained by the Arkenol's concentrated acid hydrolysis process was fermented to ethanol using a recombinant Zymomonas mobilis strain capable of utilizing both glucose and xylose in a continuous fluidized-bed reactor (FBR). The parameters studied included biocatalyst stability with and without antibiotic, feed composition, and retention time. Xylose utilization in the presence of tetracycline remained stable for at least 17 days. This was a significant improvement over the old strain, Z. mobilis CP4 (pZB5), which started to lose xylose utilization capability after seven days. In the absence of tetracycline, the xylose utilization rate started to decrease almost immediately. With tetracycline in the feed for the first six days, stability of xylose utilization was maintained for four days after the antibiotic was removed from the feed. The xylose utilization rate started to decrease on day 11. In the presence of tetracycline using the Arkenol's hydrolysate diluted to 48 g/L glucose and 13 g/L xylose at a retention time of 4.5 h, 95% xylose conversion and complete glucose conversion occurred. The ethanol concentration was 29 g/L, which gave a yield of 0.48 g/g sugar consumed or 94% of the theoretical yield. Using the Arkenol's hydrolysate diluted to 83 g/L glucose and 28 g/L xylose, 92% xylose conversion and complete glucose conversion were obtained. The ethanol concentration was 48 g/L, which gave a yield of 0.45 g/ g sugar consumed or 88% of the theoretical yield. Maximum productivity of 25.5 g/L-h was obtained at a retention time of 1.9 h. In this case, 84% xylose conversion was obtained.

deJesus, D.; Nghiem, N.P.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Alumni Scholarship Recipients 1936 -2006 Barbara Ann Hull Harris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

endonuclease I-DmoI. Nucleic Acids Res 25:1523­1530 Adams PL, Stahley MR, Kosek AB, Wang J, Strobel SA (2004

Grether, Gregory

152

Convex hulls of a curve in control theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A classification is obtained for typical singularities of the local transitivity sets of control systems on three-dimensional manifolds with nonconvex indicatrices that are closed smooth spatial curves. Bibliography: 8 titles.

Kurbatskii, Aleksei N [Moscow School of Economics of Lomonosov MSU, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Convex Hull Algorithm for Solving a Location Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(manufacturing plant, hospital, school, wireless station, etc.) to be constructed ... Preprint submitted to European Journal of Operational Research. May 21, 2013...

154

Recent Developments in the Processing, Characterization ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid-, semisolid- and liquid-state processing routes Reinforcements as continuous ... Synthetic and natural or waste/recycling reinforcements (fly-ash and rice-hull ash) ... In-Situ Formation of Novel Al-AlN Composites by Gas-Melt Reaction.

155

NIST Joseph Rice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... He is a member of the Optical Society of America (OSA), the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), the Council for the Optical ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

156

Pilot plant studies of the bioconversion of cellulose and production of ethanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported in several areas of research. The following cellulosic raw materials were selected for study: wheat, barley, and rice straws, rice hulls, sorghum, corn stover, cotton gin trash, newsprint, ground wood, and masonite steam-treated Douglas fir and redwood. Samples were collected, prepared, and analyzed for hexosans, pentosans, lignin, ash, and protein. Results of acid extraction and enzymatic hydrolysis are discussed. Yields of glucose, polyglucose, xylose, and arabinose are reported. Progress in process design and economic studies, as well as pilot plant process development and design studies, is summarized. (JGB)

Wilke, C.R.

1977-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

WEB FREE RICE Yuhei YAMAUCHI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008 6 2 2008 2009 COP3 TSCP SmartGrid 21 #12;27 2 IT CO2 IT 21 2 Flag-Ship Testbed Our One of Testbe

Kawato, Suguru

158

Conversion of sugarcane bagasse to ethanol by the use of Zymomonas mobilis and Pichia stipitis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The rapid development of the bioethanol industry globally demonstrates the importance of bioethanol as an alternate energy source to the depleting fossil fuels. To decrease (more)

Fu, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A comparative analysis of emissions from bagasse charcoal and wood charcoal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere and is in need of cheap cooking fuel source. Currently, lump charcoal, the cooking fuel of Haiti, is made by carbonizing trees in ditches before selling the charcoal ...

Ramrez, Andrs, 1982-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Design of a crushing and agglomeration process for manufacturing bagasse charcoal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Haiti, wood and wood charcoal are common fuels for cooking. This practice has contributed to deforestation, leading to erosion and fatal floods. The availability of charcoal made from a different source other than wood, ...

Fan, Victoria Y. (Victoria Yue-May)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Randomized Fully-Scalable BSP Techniques for Multi-Searching and Convex Hull Construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alaska Yukon River Basin British Columbia Northwest Territories 168o 160o 152o 144o 136o 128o176o180o176o 120o to originate from the Llewellyn Glacier, near Atlin Lake, in northwestern Brit- ish Columbia (Parfit, 1998 wide (fig. 6E) and is the location where the trans-Alaska oil pipeline crosses the river. Approximately

Goodrich, Michael T.

162

WIND TURBINE SITING IN AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT: THE HULL, MA 660 KW TURBINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at those models in our sample in the APWRA Micon 65 Bonus Danwin Flowind Windmatic Enertech KCS-56 KVS-33 Enertech KCS-56 KVS-33 Howden Nordtank W.E.G. 25002000150010005000 N Effort Turbine model Sum proportion Predictor Variable df GOEA RTHA AMKE BUOW BAOW GHOW Turbine model 10 17.98t 20.70* 78.59** 44.59** 7.23 5

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

163

Chemotactic antifouling properties of methyl caproate: its implication for ship hull coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Antifouling (AF) activity of methyl caproate was evaluated by using both laboratory assays and field investigations. It showed strong repellent activity against common fouling organisms (marine bacteria (Shewanella oneidensis, Roseobacter gallaeciensis ... Keywords: Ulva pertusa, antifouling, chemotaxis, fouling resistance, hybrid CDP, marine bacteria, methyl caproate, zinc pyrithione

Haridatta Bhatta Rai; Sang Mok Jung; M. Sidharthan; Ji Hyun Lee; Chi Young Lim; Young-Kyu Kang; Chang Yeon; N. S. Park; H. W. Shin

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

An improved cellular automata based algorithm for the 45convex hull problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

breaking protocol so that if two yellow cells are ad acent to each other, one will turn white (topmost cells are ad acent to each other, it does not matter which one turns white and #12; Figure 3: An example's paper [5] ­ Adamatzky's method with a slight modification. The basic rule is that any white cell with 4

Graham, Nick

165

Sweet-Talking the Climate? Evaluating Sugar Mill Cogeneration and Climate Change Financing in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004). Bagasse Cogeneration ?? Global Review and?Promotion of biomass cogeneration with power exportWADE 2004. Bagasse Cogeneration Global Review and

Ranganathan, Malini; Haya, Barbara; Kirpekar, Sujit

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Presented at: BioEnergy 98- The Eighth Biennial National Bioenergy Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new generation of small scale (less than 20 MWe) biomass fueled, power plants are being developed based on a gas turbine (Brayton cycle) prime mover. These power plants are expected to increase the efficiency and lower the cost of generating power from fuels such as wood. The new power plants are also expected to economically utilize annual plant growth materials (such as rice hulls, cotton gin trash, nut shells, and various straws, grasses, and animal manures) that are not normally considered as fuel for power plants. This paper summarizes the new power generation concept with emphasis on the engineering challenges presented by the gas turbine component.

A Small; Scale Biomass; Fueled Gas; Turbine Power Plant; C. R. Purvis; J. D. Craig

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Farinaz Koushanfar farinaz@rice.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supercapacitor-battery Power- supply Optimization for ENERGY efficiency." IEEE Design Automation and Test

Mellor-Crummey, John

168

Identification and Alteration of Rice-Diverged ...  

Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; Startup America; Vehicles and Fuels; Wind Energy; Partners (27) ... the University of California campuses of Berkeley and Davis, ...

169

Available Technologies: Identification and Alteration of Rice ...  

See More Biofuels Technologies. Contact Us. Receive Customized Tech Alerts. Tech Transfer Site Map. Last updated: 09/17/2009. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ...

170

Rice University and the Smalley Institute  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2012 ... Energy and Environmental Systems Institute. The Baker ... *FY 2008 preliminary AUTM stats ... Use nanoparticles to control the burn rate. 3.

171

Dedication Ceremony, Brockman Hall for Physics, Rice ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... scientists, the future leaders. And this facility also plays such an essential role in education and research. And so there's no ...

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

172

Revised 7/10 1 RICE UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are fully vested and may contact TIAA-CREF or Fidelity directly to discuss your options regarding the funds. (TIAA-CREF: www.tiaa-cref.org or 800-842-2776; Fidelity:www.netbenefits.fidelity.com or 800 and self-fund. If you enrolled, contact TIAA-CREF or Fidelity directly to discuss your options regarding

173

EXIT INTERVIEW SUMMARY FORM Life after Rice...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and may contact TIAA-CREF or Fidelity directly to discuss your options regarding the funds. (TIAA-CREF: www.tiaa-cref.org or 800-842-2776; Fidelity:www.netbenefits.fidelity.com or 800-642-7131). * 403(b-fund. If you enrolled, contact TIAA-CREF or Fidelity directly to discuss your options regarding these funds

174

Commercialization of the Conversion of Bagasse to Ethanol. Summary quarterly report for the period January-September 1999  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These studies were intended to further refine sugar yield parameters which effect sugar yield such as feedstock particle size, debris, acid soak time, temperature, dewatering, and pretreatment conditions (such as temperature, reaction time, percentage solids concentration, acid concentration), liquid-solids separation, and detoxification parameters (such as time temperature and mixing of detoxification ingredients). Validate and refine parameters, which affect ethanol yield such as detoxification conditions mentioned above, and to fermenter conditions such as temperature, pH adjustment, aeration, nutrients, and charging sequence. Materials of construction will be evaluated also. Evaluate stillage to determine clarification process and suitability for recycle; evaluate lignocellulosic cake for thermal energy recovery to produce heat and electricity for the process; and Support Studies at UF - Toxin Amelioration and Fermentation; TVA work will provide pre-hydroylsates for the evaluation of BCI proprietary methods of toxin amelioration. Pre-hydrolysates from batch studies will allow the determination of the range of allowable hydrolyze conditions that can be used to produce a fermentable sugar stream. This information is essential to guide selection of process parameters for refinement and validation in the continuous pretreatment reactor, and for overall process design. Additional work will be conducted at UFRFI to develop improved strains that are resistant to inhibitors. The authors are quite optimistic about the long-term prospects for this advancement having recently developed strains with a 25%--50% increase in ethanol production. The biocatalyst platform selected originally, genetically engineered Escherichia coli B, has proven to be quite robust and adaptable.

NONE

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA_Appendix 1_MEPA Certificate  

SciTech Connect

This appendix consists of the CERTIFICATE OF THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL NOTIFICATION FORM.

Adams, Christopher

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

176

An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA_Appendix 3_LaCapra Update 2012  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation covers an objective, market-based, review of the financial assessment of building offshore facilities of 15 or 25 MW.

Adams, Christopher

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

177

CarTel: A Distributed Mobile Sensor Computing System Bret Hull, Vladimir Bychkovsky, Yang Zhang, Kevin Chen, Michel Goraczko,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-oriented programming in- terface, handles large amounts of heterogeneous data from sensors, and handles intermittent" for remote sensornets, sending data from these networks to Internet servers. #12;OpenWireless Access PointNet Delay-tolerant relay via 802.11, Bluetooth, etc. ICEDB Remote Adapters log gps,Wi-Fi, OBD, camera data

Akella, Aditya

178

Degradation of cellulosic biomass and its subsequent utilization for the production of chemical feedstocks. Progress report, September 1-November 30, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies on the accumulation of glucose during the fermentation of cellulose by Clostridium thermocellum are discussed. Production of ethanol and its relationship to growth rate in C. thermocellum is reported. Different biomasses were tested for ethanol yields. These included exploded poplar, sugar cane, bagasse, corn cobs, sweet gum, rice straw, and wheat straw. Thermophilic bacteria were tested to determine relationship of temperature to yield of ethanol. A preliminary report on isolating plaque forming emits derived from C. thermocellum is presented as well as the utilization of carbohydrates in nutrition. A cellulose enzyme is being purified from C. thermocellum. The production of chemical feedstocks by fermentation is reported. Acrylic acid, acetone/butanol, and acetic acid, produced by C. propionicum, C. acetobutylicum, and C. thermoaceticum, are discussed. (DC)

Wang, D.I.; Cooney, C.L.; Demain, A.L.; Gomez, R.F.; Sinskey, A.J.

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference[1] Resources Preparation of Mini-hydro Private Power Projects Off-Grid Village Hydro Subproject Preparation Off-Grid Subprojects Pipeline Development Development of Wind Farm Projects - Local Consultants Bagasse/Rice Husk Co-generation Project Preparation Biomass Cogeneration Projects Preparation Design of a PV Pilot Concession

180

Carbon Offsetting: An Efficient Way to Reduce Emissions or to Avoid Reducing Emissions? An Investigation and Analysis of Offsetting Design and Practice in India and China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of the development of bagasse cogeneration (the generation of electricityhistory of the development of high efficiency bagasse cogeneration (the generation of electricityhistory of the development of a single technology in India the generation of electricity

Haya, Barbara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

NETL, USDA design coal-stabilized biomass gasification unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal, poultry litter, contaminated corn, rice hulls, moldly hay, manure sludge - these are representative materials that could be tested as fuel feedstocks in a hybrid gasification/combustion concept studied in a recent US Department of Energy (DOE) design project. DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) collaborated to develop a design concept of a power system that incorporates Hybrid Biomass Gasification. This system would explore the use of a wide range of biomass and agricultural waste products as gasifier feedstocks. The plant, if built, would supply one-third of electrical and steam heating needs at the USDA's Beltsville (Maryland) Agricultural Research Center. 1 fig., 1 photo.

NONE

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

182

17AJAN/FEB 2012--VOL. 67, NO. 1JOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION Stephen Ventura, Scott Hull, Randy Jackson, Gary Radloff, David Sample, Sara Walling, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of regulation and incentives from the public sector have not occurred to any extent in Wisconsin. Natural gas at Integrated Science Services, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin. Sara Walling of Natural Resources enlisted collabora- tion from the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade

Sheridan, Jennifer

183

New SRMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... RM 8491 Sugarcane Bagasse Whole Biomass Feedstock New expiration date: 01 June 2020 Technical changes RM 8492 ...

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

184

Techno-Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Production by Gasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was the design and operation of a gasifier processing 100 tons/day of bagasse utilizing the RENUGAS® pro

185

Renewable Energy in Rangan Banerjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power 376 70% 2306 Biomass Gasifier 69 70% 423 Bagasse Cogeneration 540 60% 2838 Small Hydro 1826 50

Banerjee, Rangan

186

Rice County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2749995°, -93.3388917° 2749995°, -93.3388917° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.2749995,"lon":-93.3388917,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

187

Rice County, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County, Kansas: Energy Resources County, Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.2808698°, -98.2212979° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.2808698,"lon":-98.2212979,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

188

Evaluation of High Solids Alkaline Pretreatment of Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. A. (2008). Biomass and Bioenergy, 32, 971977. 19. Oates,E. (1991). Biomass and Bioenergy, 1, 6164. 27. Chandra,T. (2000). Biomass and Bioenergy, 18, 189199. 29. Gerbens-

Cheng, Yu-Shen; Zheng, Yi; Yu, Chao Wei; Dooley, Todd M.; Jenkins, Bryan M.; VanderGheynst, Jean S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Lockheed Martin Advanced Nanotechnology Center Of Excellence at Rice University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Sanchez, J. Fontcuberta, R. Cordoba, B. G. Mendis and A. L. Bleloch, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2009, 95, 072507

190

RICE UNIVERSITY Multiscale Analysis for Intensity and Density Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was always revitalizing. I am also grateful to Dr. Eric Kolaczyk of Boston University for providing Gamma Ray Burst data. Additional thanks are due to Tycho Hoogland, Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College

Willett, Rebecca

191

Missing Rice in the Philippines: Measurement and Meaning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Statistics(BAS) CountrySTAT database to assessreported in the FIES data to national gures from the BAS.Because the BAS does not provide sub-national estimates of

Mehta, Aashish; Jha, Shikha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 3.2.2 Energy Saving in Standbyrice warming, timer, and standby modes are conducted. ForFor both the timer and standby mode testing, energy consump-

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Synthesis of Organosilicon Complexes from Rice Husk Derived ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... were characterized by 1H, 13C, 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance and elemental analysis. ... iNEMI Environmental Thrust; History, Challenges, & Opportunities ... Re-Processing of Mining Waste: An Alternative Way to Secure Metal ... The Sustainable Inorganic Materials Management (SIM2) Consortium at KU Leuven.

194

RICE: a reliable and efficient remote instrumentation collaboration environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Remote access of scientific instruments over the Internet (i.e., remote instrumentation) demand high-resolution (2D and 3D) video image transfers with simultaneous real-time mouse and keyboard controls. Consequently, user quality of experience (QoE) ...

Prasad Calyam; Abdul Kalash; Ramya Gopalan; Sowmya Gopalan; Ashok Krishnamurthy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

RICE UNIVERSITY An experimental analysis of a set of compiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

because of operating system unpre- dictability, most notably preemptive multitasking. Other measurements the -O flag. We use the times mechanism built into most Unix systems to get timing measure- ments for Dominance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 5.4.4 Measurements

Harvey, Tim

196

RICE UNIVERSITY Linear Scaling Density Functional Theory with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scho¨nle1 , Dirk Kamin2 , Volker Westphal1 , Silvio O. Rizzoli2 , and Stefan W. Hell *; 1 1 Department laser (Fiber Drive, Blue Sky, Re- search, Milpitas, CA, USA) at a wavelength of 635 nm and it was turned by a re- search grant from the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF): Nanolive. MAL

Scuseria, Gustavo E.

197

Rev: 31-OCT-12 WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amount of Deduction: Administrator Selection: _______% of salary, or TIAA-CREF TDA $______ per month, or Fidelity TDA Maximize my contributions each year TIAA-CREF RA I understand that this will increase each next to the administrator selection. TIAA/CREF Retirement Annuities (RA's) are not available

198

Rev: 16-OCT-12 WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amount of Deduction: Administrator Selection: _______% of salary, or TIAA-CREF TDA $______ per month, or Fidelity TDA Maximize my contributions each year TIAA-CREF RA I understand that this will increase each next to the administrator selection. TIAA/CREF Retirement Annuities (RA's) are not available

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

199

Rev: 05-Nov-13 WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amount of Deduction: Administrator Selection: _______% of salary, or TIAA-CREF TDA $______ per month, or Fidelity TDA Maximize my contributions each year TIAA-CREF RA I understand that this will increase each next to the administrator selection. TIAA/CREF Retirement Annuities (RA's) are not available

200

Breads, cereal, rice, pasta, etc. Bread, whole wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ skin Chicken wing Fish, cod Whole beans Nuts/seeds* Fruits *Nuts & avocado contain healthy fats, plain Dairy Products Cheese, cheddar Milk, whole Milk/yogurt, non-fat Milk/yogurt, 1% Protein Foods Beef, ground Beef, round Sausage/pepperoni Hot dogs Chicken/turkey breast without skin with skin deep fried w

de la Torre, José R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cookers 13 3.2 Energy Saving of Electric13 3.2.1 Energy Saving in Warm13 3.2.2 Energy Saving in Standby

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Effect of submergence on alleviation of soil acidity and availability of nutrients in a rice-rice ecosystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the kinetics of the availability of nutrients. Soil sampleswas noticed. Phosphorus availability increased in all soilsof Kerala to increase pH, availability of nutrients and to

Bhaskaran, Usha Pankajam Dr.; Varghese, Thomas Dr

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Wade Adams, Amy Jaffe, and Rick Smalley* www.nano.rice.edu www.rice.edu/energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People 2050 8-10 Billion People #12;#12;Hubbert's Peak #12;Nature 4 Jan 07 pp14-17 U.S. Oil Production #12;Nature 4 Jan 07 pp14-17 Peak Oil?! #12;Matthew Simmon's Presentations on Saudi Arabian Oil (www.simmons-intl.com) and his new book "Twilight in the Desert" John Wiley & Sons publishers, May 2005 Also Google "peak oil

204

Simulao do processo de produo de etanol a partir do aucar e do bagao, visando a integrao do processo e a maximizao da produo de energia e excedentes do bagao.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this dissertation is to present the description and simulation of bioethanol production processes from sugarcane juice and bagasse, considering the evaluation (more)

Marina Oliveira de Souza Dias

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Microsoft Word - MySAB_Final_EA-12-02-2010.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and other lignocellulosic sugars derived from biomass agricultural residues such as corn stover and sugarcane bagasse, and forest residues such as wood chips. The base...

206

NREL: Energy Analysis - Biomass Technology Analysis Models and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of more than 150 (as of 1001) samples of potential biofuels feedstocks including corn stover, wheat straw, bagasse, switchgrass and other grasses, and poplars and other...

207

NREL: Biomass Research - Data and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data on more than 150 analyzed samples of potential biofuels feedstocks, including corn stover, wheat straw, bagasse, switchgrass and other grasses, and poplars and other...

208

India Overview - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

large amount of biomass used for electricity generation comes from bagasse (crushed sugarcane or sorghum stalks), which can be used in ...

209

Characterization of Carbon and Soft Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 15, 2012... (HRTEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and Raman spectroscopy studies. .... Comparative Study of the Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber/HDPE...

210

Cellulosic biofuels begin to flow but in lower volumes than ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Several companies combined to produce about 20,000 gallons of fuels using cellulosic biomass (e.g., wood waste, sugarcane bagasse) from commercial-scale facilities in ...

211

Process for preparing and using sweet sorghum in a fuel product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a method of storing sweet sorghum preparatory to pelletizing it for use as a combustible fuel product comprising: removing a majority of sugar-containing fluid from the sorghum to leave a residue of ligno-cellulosic bagasse; piling the bagasse on a hard surface; compressing the piled bagasse to form a compacted mass, whereby the compressing frees air trapped within the bagasse to inhibit microbial and fungal oxidative degradation thereof; and storing the compacted mass preparatory to pelletizing the same.

Gunnerman, R.W.; Farone, W.A.

1986-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

Methodological and Practical Considerations for Developing Multiproject Baselines for Electric Power and Cement Industry Projects in Central America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MW of renewable energy projects (small hydro and bagasse co-hydro projects, and some geothermal projects, were registered under the Renewable Energy

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant; Galitsky, Christina; Dorion, Kristel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Solar Grade Silicon from Agricultural By-products  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this project, Mayaterials developed a low cost, low energy and low temperature method of purifying rice hull ash to high purity (5-6Ns) and converting it by carbothermal reduction to solar grade quality silicon (Sipv) using a self-designed and built electric arc furnace (EAF). Outside evaluation of our process by an independent engineering firm confirms that our technology greatly lowers estimated operating expenses (OPEX) to $5/kg and capital expenses (CAPEX) to $24/kg for Sipv production, which is well below best-in-class plants using a Siemens process approach (OPEX of 14/kg and CAPEX of $87/kg, respectively). The primary limiting factor in the widespread use of photovoltaic (PV) cells is the high cost of manufacturing, compared to more traditional sources to reach 6 g Sipv/watt (with averages closer to 8+g/watt). In 2008, the spot price of Sipv rose to $450/kg. While prices have since dropped to a more reasonable $25/kg; this low price level is not sustainable, meaning the longer-term price will likely return to $35/kg. The 6-8 g Si/watt implies that the Sipv used in a module will cost $0.21-0.28/watt for the best producers (45% of the cost of a traditional solar panel), a major improvement from the cost/wafer driven by the $50/kg Si costs of early 2011, but still a major hindrance in fulfilling DOE goal of lowering the cost of solar energy below $1/watt. The solar cell industry has grown by 40% yearly for the past eight years, increasing the demand for Sipv. As such, future solar silicon price spikes are expected in the next few years. Although industry has invested billions of dollars to meet this ever-increasing demand, the technology to produce Sipv remains largely unchanged requiring the energy intensive, and chlorine dependent Siemens process or variations thereof. While huge improvements have been made, current state-of-the-art industrial plant still use 65 kWh/kg of silicon purified. Our technology offers a key distinction to other technologies as it starts one step upstream from all other Sipv production efforts. Our process starts by producing high purity SiO2/C feedstocks from which Sipv can be produced in a single, chlorine free, final EAF step. Specifically, our unique technology, and the resultant SiO2/C product can serve as high purity feedstocks to existing metallurgical silicon (Simet) producers, allowing them to generate Sipv with existing US manufacturing infrastructure, reducing the overall capital and commissioning schedule. Our low energy, low CAPEX and OPEX process purifies the silica and carbon present in rice hull ash (RHA) at low temperatures (< 200C) to produce high purity (5-6 Ns) feedstock for production of Sipv using furnaces similar to those used to produce Simet. During the course of this project we partnered with Wadham Energy LP (Wadham), who burns 220k ton of rice hulls (RH)/yr generating 200 GWh of electricity/yr and >30k ton/yr RHA. The power generation step produces much more energy (42 kWh/kg of final silicon produced) than required to purify the RHA (5 kWh/kg of Sipv, compared to 65 kWh/kg noted above. Biogenic silica offers three very important foundations for producing high purity silicon. First, wastes from silica accumulating plants, such as rice, corn, many grasses, algae and grains, contain very reactive, amorphous silica from which impurities are easily removed. Second, plants take up only a limited set of, and minimal quantities of the heavy metals present in nature, meaning fewer minerals must be removed. Third, biomass combustion generates a product with intrinsic residual carbon, mixed at nanometer length scales with the SiO2. RHA is 80-90 wt% high surface area (20 m2/g), amorphous SiO2 with some simple mineral content mixed intimately with 5-15 wt% carbon. The mineral content is easily removed by low cost, acid washes using Mayaterials IP, leading to purified rice hull ash (RHAclean) at up to 6N purity. This highly reactive silica is partially extracted from RHAclean at 200 C in an environmentally benign process to adjust SiO2:C ratios to those needed in EA

Richard M. Laine

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

214

US ARMY GROUND VEHICLE CREW COMPARTMENT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... test fixture was constructed from an excess ground vehicle hull ... instrumentation measured acid gas exposure levels: ion selective electrodes (grab ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

215

Partnerships and Technology Transfer  

... including windshields, eyewear, clothing, building materials, road surfaces, ship hulls and self-cleaning coatings. ... free-living organisms.

216

tion of this barrier function will be given below. The default time is, by definition, the first time that X(t) hits this barrier, ie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' methodology recently introduced by Hull & White (2001). This paper draws from Hull & White (2001) and ex must satisfy an ad- ditional boundary condition at the barrier x = b(t). This gives rise to a free- tends it in several directions. First, we consider a continuous-time version of the Hull-White model

Avellaneda, Marco

217

Universit Aix-Marseille I U.F.R. des Sciences Gographiques et de l'Amnagement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clelland (2005). Rice and red rice interference. II. Rice response to population densities of three red rice Maturity Groups: II. Light Interception and Utilization. Crop Sci. 45:1778-1785. Edwards, J.T., L

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

Journal of Insect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insectscience.org Protein-enriched pea flour extract protects stored milled rice against the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae

P. Pretheep-kumar; S. Mohan; K. Ramaraju

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

2012 EmploymEnt REpoRt RICE MBA Full TIME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production Engineer McKinsey & Company Joseph Abdou Associate Justin Dahl Associate Mercer Rachel Mc

220

Dynamics of Transformation Insights from an Exploratory Review of Rice Farming in the Kpong Irrigation Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy solutions to sustainably end hunger and malnutrition and reduce poverty. The Institute conducts research, communicates results, optimizes partnerships, and builds capacity to ensure sustainable food production, promote healthy food systems, improve markets and trade, transform agriculture, build resilience, and strengthen institutions and governance. Gender is considered in all of the Institutes work. IFPRI collaborates with partners around the world, including development implementers, public institutions, the private sector, and farmers organizations, to ensure that local, national, regional, and global food policies are based on evidence. IFPRI is a member of the CGIAR Consortium.

Hiroyuki Takeshima; Kipo Jimah; Shashidhara Kolavalli; Xinshen Diao; Rebecca Lee Funk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

RICE UNIVERSITY Micro Power Management of Active 802.11 Network Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Tradeoffs between energy saving and frame delay constraint for µPM with different history sizes.4 0.5 0.6 Frame without Delay [Ratio] EnergySaving[Ratio] History = 1 History = 10 History = 50] EnergySaving[Ratio] History = 1 History = 10 History = 50 History = 100 History = 1000 #12;30 5

222

An automatic water management system for large-scale rice paddy fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automatic water management system for large-scale paddy fields has been developed. The purposes of that are to supply the paddy fields with water or drain water from that automatically, to decrease water consumption, and to have a good harvest. To ... Keywords: estimating mean water level, optimal water allocation, paddy field, predict field consumption, prediction of growth stages, water level control

Teruji Sekozawa

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption of Genetically Modified Rice in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Herbicide-Resistant Canola. AgBioForum 2(2) Gianessi,tolerant (HT) soybeans and canola and pest-resistant [e.g. ,of transgenic corn, cotton, canola, and soybeans have

Bond, Craig A.; Carter, C A; Farzin, Y. Hossein

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The rice OsGAE1 is a novel gibberellin-regulated gene and involved ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

genomic DNA was isolated from 1-week-old seedlings grown on MS ... restriction mapping and sequencing. .... (residues 52190) with a repeated sequence of.

225

An Analysis of Hard Drive Energy Consumption Anthony Hylick, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, and Brian Jones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as power systems, telecommunications and information networks have become critical for the functioning Technologies (ICT) into the power systems has been evidenced. ICT have enabled the improvement of the power are a key aspect in the smart grids development. Today's power systems depend on ICT. However

Cambridge, University of

226

Carol A. Rice, Ph.D., R.N. Professor and Extension Health Specialist  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, penicillin and doxycycline can successfully treat and cure anthrax when it is caught early. What should

227

Thermoanaerobacteriaceae oxidize acetate in methanogenic rice field soil at 50Cemi_2289 2341..2354  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on microbial community structure and biogas production in a laboratory-scale anaerobic digester. Bioresour

Lovley, Derek

228

Metabolomics of Complex Biological Systems to Uncover Molecular Mechanisms in Rice and Other Organisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J-resolved H-1 NMR projections of biofluids for metabonomicsJ. ; Wold, S. Orthogonal projections to latent structures (J. ; Wold, S. Orthogonal projections to latent structures (

Barding, Gregory Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Generation of reactive oxygen species by fungal NADPH oxidases is required for rice blast disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilizing all of the known techniques for NOx reduction. To be precise, the NOx formed within the flame] and several others [6, 7] have suggested certain reduction methods which are consistent with NOx formation, not solid waste. The results of NOx reduction techniques in coal combustion should be applied with caution

Talbot, Nicholas

230

Revamping the Rice Retirement Plan on January 1, 2013 Frequently Asked Questions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the 401(a) plan and the 403(b) plan among 36 TIAA-CREF funds and 180+ Fidelity funds. You can invest your retirement savings in the 457(b) plan in the 36 TIAA-CREF funds. A. Beginning January 1, 2013, employees of the TIAA-CREF funds and Fidelity funds that are available to you today and the choices will include

231

Human Resources 17Oct12 RICE UNIVERSITY 403(b) TAX-DEFERRED ANNUITY PLAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% on a pre-tax basis and contribute that amount to a TDA account established on your behalf by TIAA a TDA, you have a choice between two investment companies: TIAA-CREF and/or Fidelity Investments. Each an investment company, your contributions will be invested in the TDA's default investment with TIAA

232

William Marsh Rice University Defined Contribution Retirement Plan ADMINISTRATOR SELECTION FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(s) in the following percentages: ¹ The following are examples of allowable contribution allocations: Example 1: TIAA-CREF 100% & Fidelity 0% Example 2: TIAA-CREF 50% & Fidelity 50% Example 3: TIAA-CREF 25% & Fidelity 75% Example 4: TIAA-CREF 0% & Fidelity 100% The specific investment funds in which the employer contributions

233

William Marsh Rice University Defined Contribution Retirement Plan ADMINISTRATOR SELECTION FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(s) in the following percentages: The following are examples of allowable contribution allocations: Example 1: TIAA-CREF 100% & Fidelity 0% Example 2: TIAA-CREF 50% & Fidelity 50% Example 3: TIAA-CREF 25% & Fidelity 75% Example 4: TIAA-CREF 0% & Fidelity 100% The specific investment funds in which the employer contributions

234

FEATURE-AIDED TRACKING VIA SYNTHETIC HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY A. Rice, J. Vasquez, M. Mendenhall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-aided tracking (FAT) is an emerging area of research, employing HSI instruments and exploitation techniques of studies have been conducted to demonstrate HSI-FAT with contemporary and novel HSI in- struments, synthetic hyperspectral rendering, and full image-chain treatment of the various sensor models. Cor

Kerekes, John

235

Unprocessed rice husk ash as a partial replacement of cement for low-cost concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cement is a very valuable commodity as it can be used to construct structurally sound buildings and infrastructure. However, in many developing countries cement is expensive due to the unavailability of local resources to ...

Brown, Dorothy Kamilah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Solar Grade Silicon from Agricultural By-products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this project, Mayaterials developed a low cost, low energy and low temperature method of purifying rice hull ash to high purity (5-6Ns) and converting it by carbothermal reduction to solar grade quality silicon (Sipv) using a self-designed and built electric arc furnace (EAF). Outside evaluation of our process by an independent engineering firm confirms that our technology greatly lowers estimated operating expenses (OPEX) to $5/kg and capital expenses (CAPEX) to $24/kg for Sipv production, which is well below best-in-class plants using a Siemens process approach (OPEX of 14/kg and CAPEX of $87/kg, respectively). The primary limiting factor in the widespread use of photovoltaic (PV) cells is the high cost of manufacturing, compared to more traditional sources to reach 6 g Sipv/watt (with averages closer to 8+g/watt). In 2008, the spot price of Sipv rose to $450/kg. While prices have since dropped to a more reasonable $25/kg; this low price level is not sustainable, meaning the longer-term price will likely return to $35/kg. The 6-8 g Si/watt implies that the Sipv used in a module will cost $0.21-0.28/watt for the best producers (45% of the cost of a traditional solar panel), a major improvement from the cost/wafer driven by the $50/kg Si costs of early 2011, but still a major hindrance in fulfilling DOE goal of lowering the cost of solar energy below $1/watt. The solar cell industry has grown by 40% yearly for the past eight years, increasing the demand for Sipv. As such, future solar silicon price spikes are expected in the next few years. Although industry has invested billions of dollars to meet this ever-increasing demand, the technology to produce Sipv remains largely unchanged requiring the energy intensive, and chlorine dependent Siemens process or variations thereof. While huge improvements have been made, current state-of-the-art industrial plant still use 65 kWh/kg of silicon purified. Our technology offers a key distinction to other technologies as it starts one step upstream from all other Sipv production efforts. Our process starts by producing high purity SiO2/C feedstocks from which Sipv can be produced in a single, chlorine free, final EAF step. Specifically, our unique technology, and the resultant SiO2/C product can serve as high purity feedstocks to existing metallurgical silicon (Simet) producers, allowing them to generate Sipv with existing US manufacturing infrastructure, reducing the overall capital and commissioning schedule. Our low energy, low CAPEX and OPEX process purifies the silica and carbon present in rice hull ash (RHA) at low temperatures (30k ton/yr RHA. The power generation step produces much more energy (42 kWh/kg of final silicon produced) than required to purify the RHA (5 kWh/kg of Sipv, compared to 65 kWh/kg noted above. Biogenic silica offers three very important foundations for producing high purity silicon. First, wastes from silica accumulating plants, such as rice, corn, many grasses, algae and grains, contain very reactive, amorphous silica from which impurities are easily removed. Second, plants take up only a limited set of, and minimal quantities of the heavy metals present in nature, meaning fewer minerals must be removed. Third, biomass combustion generates a product with intrinsic residual carbon, mixed at nanometer length scales with the SiO2. RHA is 80-90 wt% high surface area (20 m2/g), amorphous SiO2 with some simple mineral content mixed intimately with 5-15 wt% carbon. The mineral content is easily removed by low cost, acid washes using Mayaterials IP, leading to purified rice hull ash (RHAclean) at up to 6N purity. This highly reactive silica is partially extracted from RHAclean at 200 C in an environmentally benign process to adjust SiO2:C ratios to those needed in EA

Richard M. Laine

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

237

AOCS Official Method Ad 1-48  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sampling AOCS Official Method Ad 1-48 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION SCOPE Applicable to sampling tung fruit or hulled tung f

238

The Brazilian Biofuel Experience: Lessons for the Future DOE/EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Corn (million hectares) Soybeans (million ... corn stover, soy bean hulls could be feedstock. If available at < $.14-$.12/lb. Brazil Electrical Sector

239

Water Phobic Powder Coatings Promise Breakthrough in Energy Saving ...  

of algae on the surfaces of water systems. Water repellent coatings can be advantageously applied to large-scale structures, such as boat hulls,

240

Bilevel Programming and the Separation Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original Publication: March 26, 2012 ... ically generating inequalities valid for the convex hull of solutions to such MILPs are a critical element of branch-and-cut.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

CX-005200: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005200: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hull Offshore Wind Research and Development CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 02162011 Location(s):...

242

US ARMY GROUND VEHICLE HALON REPLACEMENT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... test fixture has been constructed from a derelict ground vehicle hull ... exposure levels: ion selective electrodes (grab hag sampling), sorbent tubes ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Convex Geometry of Linear Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 2, 2010 ... orthogonal matrices in machine learning, and with simple models ..... set A here is the moment curve, and its convex hull conv(A) goes by...

244

Fuels II - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013... hulls laden with transition metals noble to the electrorefining process. ... requiring better fuel performance, the search for different fuel forms is...

245

13.400 Introduction to Naval Architecture, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to principles of naval architecture, ship geometry, hydrostatics, calculation and drawing of curves of form, intact and damaged stability, hull structure strength calculations and ship resistance. Projects ...

Herbein, David

246

INDIA.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

kcalkg (4100 Btulb) - one ton of bagasse is equal to about two barrels of oil on an energy basis. Based on Table 5 data, sugar production in India yields 70-80 million metric...

247

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DANISCO U.S. INC. (f/k...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the U.S. on substrates other than sugar cane bagasse, such as hardwoods, paper pulp, and corn stover. In exchange for the waiver from the U.S. Competitiveness clause of its...

248

Preliminary assessment of potential CDM early start projects in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10 XI. Wind Farms in Northeast$20/tC SMALL HYDRO IN GOIAS WIND FARMS BAGASSE ELECTRICITYFax: +55(71)379 1759 XI. Wind Farms in Northeast Brazil

Meyers, S.; Sathaye, J.; Lehman, B.; Schumacher, K.; van Vliet, O.; Moreira, J.R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Alcotra Bio Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zip 22290-906 Product Alcotra Bio Energy is a new subsidiary of Alcotra, focusing on production of ethanol and energy from sugarcane bagasse. References Alcotra Bio Energy1...

250

ARE Update Volume 12, Number 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policies continue to hold corn, soybean, and rice prices atmajor food com- modities (corn, rice, soybeans, and wheat)as they rose, although corn, rice, and soybean prices remain

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Who Hires a Rice Jones Graduate School of Business MBA? The following is a list of employers who have hired MBAs from Rice within the past few years. These  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airlines Cooper Industries Credit Suisse DataCert Dell Deloitte Deutsche Bank Direct Energy DKRW Energy LLC Companies AIM Air Liquide Aker Solutions Alvarez & Marsal Amegy Bank American Airlines American Express AmREIT Anadarko Arthur D. Little Bank of America Barclays Baylor College of Medicine BearingPoint Bechtel Belo BMC

Alvarez, Pedro J.

252

Comparisons of four categories of waste recycling in China's paper industry based on physical input-output life-cycle assessment model  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Using crop straws and wood wastes for paper production should be promoted. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bagasse and textile waste recycling should be properly limited. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Imports of scrap paper should be encouraged. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sensitivity analysis, uncertainties and policy implications are discussed. - Abstract: Waste recycling for paper production is an important component of waste management. This study constructs a physical input-output life-cycle assessment (PIO-LCA) model. The PIO-LCA model is used to investigate environmental impacts of four categories of waste recycling in China's paper industry: crop straws, bagasse, textile wastes and scrap paper. Crop straw recycling and wood utilization for paper production have small total intensity of environmental impacts. Moreover, environmental impacts reduction of crop straw recycling and wood utilization benefits the most from technology development. Thus, using crop straws and wood (including wood wastes) for paper production should be promoted. Technology development has small effects on environmental impacts reduction of bagasse recycling, textile waste recycling and scrap paper recycling. In addition, bagasse recycling and textile waste recycling have big total intensity of environmental impacts. Thus, the development of bagasse recycling and textile waste recycling should be properly limited. Other pathways for reusing bagasse and textile wastes should be explored and evaluated. Moreover, imports of scrap paper should be encouraged to reduce large indirect impacts of scrap paper recycling on domestic environment.

Liang Sai [School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, Tianzhu, E-mail: zhangtz@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Xu Yijian [School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100037 (China)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Biochemical characterization of the kinase domain of the rice disease resistance receptor-like kinase XA21.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

32 P-labeled fusion protein was oxidized in 50 ? l of coldg of fusion protein was incubated with 0.150 ? M cold ATP

Liu, Guo-Zhen; Pi, Li-Ya; Walker, John C; Ronald, Pamela C; Song, Wen-Yuan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

1.GRANARYWEEVIL,Sitophilus granarius(Linnaeus). This weevil, along with the closely related rice weevil, is among the most  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is a serious pest in flour mills and wherever cereal products and other dried foods are processed or stored kernels of whole grain in storage, thus making an infestation difficult to remove in the milling process. In Indiana, the granary weevil is largelyapestofstoredwheat,corn,andbarley,especiallyinelevators, mills

Ginzel, Matthew

255

Subscriber access provided by RICE UNIV ACS Nano is published by the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.6 10 13 4.1 10 11 4.7 10 11 N -- 7 21 -- 11 5 le (10 9 m) 2.7 39 36 4.7 48 121 Nle (10 9 m) -- 273 756 that Nle is between 0.5 1 m for our most conducting devices, which implies that Figure 2. (A D applications in the areas of low- resistance nanoelectronic circuitry,30 fuel cell re- search,31 and biosensing

Ajayan, Pulickel M.

256

Subscriber access provided by RICE UNIV ACS Nano is published by the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sources for high crystallinity graphene lay- ers.1 Graphene, a popular material of recent times By apply- ing voltage between graphite and the sub- strate, they found that the graphene islands could-printed graphene patterns through gold-stamp-assisted exfoliation. First, micrometer-scale line features

Ajayan, Pulickel M.

257

Management practices to improve the use efficiency of nutrients and water in a sandy soil under rice based cropping system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Productivity of coarse textured sandy soil and loamy sandwater and nutrients. Onattukara sandy tract is a fluvial andthe physical constraints of sandy soil and to enhance the

Bhaskaran, Usha Pankajam Dr.; S, Pushkala. Dr; A.K., Sreelatha Dr; Aparna, B Dr.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

EIS-0439: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0439: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, CA Rice Solar Energy (RSE) has submitted an...

259

Phase I Final Technical Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Rice University (Rice) teamed up to advance a new conductive wire based on carbon nanotubes 1. In this project, Technip, USA (Technip) and DUCO were industrial...

260

Genomic tools development for Aquilegia: construction of a BAC-based physical map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as rice, maize, sorghum and tomato, has dramaticallye.g. , rice, maize, sorghum, and Brachypodium distachyon)Lotus japonicus, and Sorghum bicolor. Other commonly

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Development and application of an intelligent welding robot system for shipbuilding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last few decades, there have been a large number of attempts to automate welding in the shipbuilding process. However, there are still many non-automated welding operations in the double-hulled blocks, even though it presents an extremely hazardous ... Keywords: Double-hulled block, Intelligent welding robot, Rail-runner mechanism, Shipbuilding

Donghun Lee; Namkug Ku; Tae-Wan Kim; Jongwon Kim; Kyu-Yeul Lee; Youg-Shuk Son

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Computing DOI 10.1007/s00607-012-0241-9 Non-convex systems of sets for numerical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract The notion of a system of sets generated by a family of functionals is introduced. A generalization of the classical support function of convex subsets of Rd allows to transfer the concept of the convex hull to these systems of sets. Approximation properties of the generalized convex hull and its use for practical computations are investigated.

Janosch Rieger

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

University of Minnesota Energy Production Frequently Asked Questions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Fuel Type Electric Coal Fuel Oil Gas Oat Hulls Blended FY05 Cost $14.97 $1.57 $ 8.17 $4 permit forbids us from burning more than 30% coal and/or fuel oil. In addition we are also permitted to burn oat hulls and wood. The U has dramatically lowered our use of coal. In the late 1990's coal

Gulliver, Robert

264

Programmed design of ship forms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new category of CAD applications devoted to the definition and parameterization of hull forms, called programmed design. Programmed design relies on two prerequisites. The first one is a product model with a variety of types large ... Keywords: CAD language, Hull form, Parametric design, Product model, Programmed design

A. Rodrguez; L. Fernndez-Jambrina

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Fundamental study of structural features affecting enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignocellulose is a promising and valuable alternative energy source. Native lignocellulosic biomass has limited accessibility to cellulase enzyme due to structural features; therefore, pretreatment is an essential prerequisite to make biomass accessible and reactive by altering its structural features. The effects of substrate concentration, addition of cellobiase, enzyme loading, and structural features on biomass digestibility were explored. The addition of supplemental cellobiase to the enzyme complex greatly increased the initial rate and ultimate extent of biomass hydrolysis by converting the strong inhibitor, cellobiose, to glucose. A low substrate concentration (10 g/L) was employed to prevent end-product inhibition by cellobiose and glucose. The rate and extent of biomass hydrolysis significantly depend on enzyme loading and structural features resulting from pretreatment, thus the hydrolysis and pretreatment processes are intimately coupled because of structural features. Model lignocelluloses with various structural features were hydrolyzed with a variety of cellulase loadings for 1, 6, and 72 h. Glucan, xylan, and total sugar conversions at 1, 6, and 72 h were linearly proportional to the logarithm of cellulase loadings from approximately 10% to 90% conversion, indicating that the simplified HCH-1 model is valid for predicting lignocellulose digestibility. Carbohydrate conversions at a given time versus the natural logarithm of cellulase loadings were plotted to obtain the slopes and intercepts which were correlated to structural features (lignin content, acetyl content, cellulose crystallinity, and carbohydrate content) by both parametric and nonparametric regression models. The predictive ability of the models was evaluated by a variety of biomass (corn stover, bagasse, and rice straw) treated with lime, dilute acid, ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX), and aqueous ammonia. The measured slopes, intercepts, and carbohydrate conversions at 1, 6, and 72 h were compared to the values predicted by the parametric and nonparametric models. The smaller mean square error (MSE) in the parametric models indicates more satisfactorily predictive ability than the nonparametric models. The agreement between the measured and predicted values shows that lignin content, acetyl content, and cellulose crystallinity are key factors that determine biomass digestibility, and that biomass digestibility can be predicted over a wide range of cellulase loadings using the simplified HCH-1 model.

Zhu, Li

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Chemical Engineering NC State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ameristeel Christy Taylor Angelo Jonathan Rice Madeha Baqai Caldwell Natalie Scurry Austin Kizzie Jessica

Velev, Orlin D.

267

Annual Report Department of Chemical & Biomolecular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ameristeel Christy Taylor Angelo Jonathan Rice Madeha Baqai Caldwell Natalie Scurry Austin Kizzie Jessica

Velev, Orlin D.

268

LEXSTAT CAL. CODE. CIV. PROC. 1085 DEERING'S CALIFORNIA CODES ANNOTATED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and egg or rice noodles. Garnish with chopped green onions. Freezing cabbage is not recommended because

Kammen, Daniel M.

269

Naval electrochemical corrosion reducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A corrosion reducer for use with ships having a hull, a propeller mounted a propeller shaft and extending through the hull, bearings supporting the shaft, at least one thrust bearing and one seal. The improvement includes a current collector and a current reduction assembly for reducing the voltage between the hull and shaft in order to reduce corrosion due to electrolytic action. The current reduction assembly includes an electrical contact, the current collector, and the hull. The current reduction assembly further includes a device for sensing and measuring the voltage between the hull and the shaft and a device for applying a reverse voltage between the hull and the shaft so that the resulting voltage differential is from 0 to 0.05 volts. The current reduction assembly further includes a differential amplifier having a voltage differential between the hull and the shaft. The current reduction assembly further includes an amplifier and a power output circuit receiving signals from the differential amplifier and being supplied by at least one current supply. The current selector includes a brush assembly in contact with a slip ring over the shaft so that its potential may be applied to the differential amplifier.

Clark, Howard L. (Ballston Lake, NY)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Spar buoy construction having production and oil storage facilities and method of operation  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a floating structure including oil storage capacity and production facilities and adapted to be anchored by catenary mooring lines at a subsea well location, the combination of: a vertical elongated hull means having means to maintain the hull means in vertical position; the hull means including a vertical oil storage chamber means for storing oil and extending for a major portion of the height of the floating structure; vertical variable ballast chamber means extending from the bottom of the storage chamber means to above the top of the oil storage chamber means and selectively filled with ballast to maintain the center of gravity of the structure a selected distance from the center of buoyancy of the structure; work chamber means in the hull means above the oil storage chamber means; means in the work chamber means and in the variable ballast chamber means for controlling the amount of ballast in the variable ballast means; means in the oil storage chamber means and in the work chamber means for feeding oil to the oil storage chamber means and for removing water therefrom as oil is introduced therein; a central longitudinal passageway through the hull means; a riser means extending into the passageway from the subsea well location and terminating at the work chamber means; means on the riser buoyant tank means and on the hull means in the central passageway for guiding relative movement between the hull means and the riser means.

Daniell, A.F.

1986-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

271

New England Wind Forum: A Wind Powering America Project; Volume 1, Issue 2 -- December 2006  

SciTech Connect

The New England Wind Forum electronic newsletter summarizes the latest news in wind energy development activity, markets, education, and policy in the New England region. It also features an interview with a key figure influencing New England's wind energy development. Volume 1, Issue 2 features an interview with John MacLeod of Hull Municipal Light Plant. Hull 2, a 1.8-MW Vestas turbine installed in the Town of Hull in Massachusetts in 2006, is the largest wind turbine in New England and the first U.S. installation on a capped landfill.

Grace, R. C.; Gifford, J.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

New England Wind Forum: A Wind Powering America Project; Volume 1, Issue 2 -- December 2006  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The New England Wind Forum electronic newsletter summarizes the latest news in wind energy development activity, markets, education, and policy in the New England region. It also features an interview with a key figure influencing New England's wind energy development. Volume 1, Issue 2 features an interview with John MacLeod of Hull Municipal Light Plant. Hull 2, a 1.8-MW Vestas turbine installed in the Town of Hull in Massachusetts in 2006, is the largest wind turbine in New England and the first U.S. installation on a capped landfill.

Grace, R. C.; Gifford, J.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

IMPROVED BIOREFINERY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL, CHEMICALS, ANIMAL FEED AND BIOMATERIALS FROM SUGAR CANE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Audubon Sugar Institute (ASI) of Louisiana State Universitys Agricultural Center (LSU AgCenter) and MBI International (MBI) sought to develop technologies that will lead to the development of a sugar-cane biorefinery, capable of supplying fuel ethanol from bagasse. Technology development focused on the conversion of bagasse, cane-leaf matter (CLM) and molasses into high value-added products that included ethanol, specialty chemicals, biomaterials and animal feed; i.e. a sugar cane-based biorefinery. The key to lignocellulosic biomass utilization is an economically feasible method (pretreatment) for separating the cellulose and the hemicellulose from the physical protection provided by lignin. An effective pretreatment disrupts physical barriers, cellulose crystallinity, and the association of lignin and hemicellulose with cellulose so that hydrolytic enzymes can access the biomass macrostructure (Teymouri et al. 2004, Laureano-Perez, 2005). We chose to focus on alkaline pretreatment methods for, and in particular, the Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) process owned by MBI. During the first two years of this program a laboratory process was established for the pretreatment of bagasse and CLM using the AFEX process. There was significant improvement of both rate and yield of glucose and xylose upon enzymatic hydrolysis of AFEX-treated bagasse and CLM compared with untreated material. Because of reactor size limitation, several other alkaline pretreatment methods were also co-investigated. They included, dilute ammonia, lime and hydroxy-hypochlorite treatments. Scale-up focused on using a dilute ammonia process as a substitute for AFEX, allowing development at a larger scale. The pretreatment of bagasse by an ammonia process, followed by saccharification and fermentation produced ethanol from bagasse. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) allowed two operations in the same vessel. The addition of sugarcane molasses to the hydrolysate/fermentation process yielded improvements beyond what was expected solely from the addition of sugar. In order to expand the economic potential for building a biorefinery, the conversion of enzyme hydrolysates of AFEX-treated bagasse to succinic acid was also investigated. This program established a solid basis for pre-treatment of bagasse in a manner that is feasible for producing ethanol at raw sugar mills.

Dr. Donal F. Day

2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Determination of the Rate of Formation of Hydroceramic Waste Forms made with INEEL Calcined Wastes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formulation, synthesis, characterization and hydration kinetics of hydroceramic waste forms designed as potential hosts for existing INEEL calcine high-level wastes have been established as functions of temperature and processing time. Initial experimentations were conducted with several aluminosilicate pozzolanic materials, ranging from fly ash obtained from various power generating coal and other combustion industries to reactive alumina, natural clays and ground bottled glass powders. The final selection criteria were based on the ease of processing, excellent physical properties and chemical durability (low-leaching) determined from the PCT test produced in hydroceramic. The formulation contains vermiculite, Sr(NO32), CsC1, NaOH, thermally altered (calcined natural clay) and INEEL simulated calcine high-level nuclear wastes and 30 weight percent of fluorinel blend calcine and zirconia calcine. Syntheses were carried out at 75-200 degree C at autogeneous water pressure (100% relative humidity) at various time intervals. The resulting monolithic compact products were hard and resisted breaking when dropped from a 5 ft height. Hydroceramic host mixed with fluorinel blend calcine and processed at 75 degree C crumbled into rice hull-side grains or developed scaly flakes. However, the samples equally possessed the same chemical durability as their unbroken counterparts. Phase identification by XRD revealed that hydroceramic host crystallized type zeolite at 75-150 degree C and NaP1 at 175-200 degree C in addition to the presence of quartz phase originating from the clay reactant. Hydroceramic host mixed with either fluorinel blend calcine or zirconia calcine crystallized type A zeolite at 75-95 degree C, formed a mixture of type A zeolite and hydroxysodalite at 125-150 degree C and hydroxysodalite at 175-200 degree C. Quartz, calcium fluoride and zirconia phases from the clay reactant and the two calcine wastes were also detected. The PCT test solution conductivity, pH and analytical concentration measured as a function of time decrease exponentially. In some cases nitrate, sulfate, chloride and fluoride ion concentrations increased with time and processing temperature with respect to the reference sample. The increasing concentration of these ions was due to the lack of formation of crystalline phases that can incorporate them in their structures, especially cancrinite. Another plausible explanations for their increase was due to the continuous withdrawal of cations with time, for example sodium to form zeolites, thereby increase their concentrations.

Barry Scheetz; Johnson Olanrewaju

2001-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Graph Theory Package for Maple, Part II - CECM - Simon Fraser ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

angles and choose the orientation which maximizes the area of the convex hull ... Opteron running at 2.2 GHz. 33. 32. 46. 41. 4534. 47. 31. 42. 50. 35. 52. 51. 48.

276

An empirical study of environmental policy and technology adoption : phasing out toxic antifouling paints on recreational boats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

every 7.5 years and costs $40 per square foot to apply.Hull cleaning costs $1 per square foot and must occur 142.5 years at a cost of $30 per square foot for a standard

Damon, Maria

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values in the United States: A Multi-Site Hedonic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002) Economic Impacts of Wind Power in Kittitas County, WA.Beck, D. (2004) How Hull Wind "I" Impacted Property Valuesof Visual Impact: The Case of Wind Turbines. Environment and

Hoen, Ben

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Reduce-or-Retreat Methods in Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here volk is the volume of the convex hull of Xk: volk := voln (con ... however the lower bound on vonk in (17) is less restrictive than the same one for volk (e.g. a.

279

Measurement of Wind Waves and Wave-Coherent Air Pressures on the Open Sea from a Moving SWATH Vessel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design and implementation on a Small Waterline Area Twin Hull (SWATH) vessel of a complete system for measuring the directional distribution of wind waves and the concomitant fluctuations of air pressure and wind speed immediately above them ...

Mark A. Donelan; Fred W. Dobson; Hans C. Graber; Niels Madsen; Cyril McCormick

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Walnuts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

person's skin, so that it is customary to gather the nuts and spread them upon an exposed flat surface, such as a shed roof, until the hull has become black and mushy. The nut...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Plug repairs of marine glass fiber / vinyl ester laminates subjected to uniaxial tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Glass fiber/vinyl ester composite laminates are currently being used and proposed for the hulls, bulkheads, and superstructures of large ships. This thesis examines the effectiveness of the repair of such laminates using ...

Michelis, Alexandros

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Carbon fiber substitution in shipboard instrument structural mounts for vibration and shock isolation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insufficient support and isolation of rotating and non-rotating shipboard equipment and instruments may cause damage to the components or the ship itself. Reduction of noise emissions to the ship's hull and protection of ...

Haas, Anna C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Three-Dimensional Imaging of the High Sea-State Wave Field Encompassing Ship Slamming Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding and modeling ship wave slamming necessitates characterizing the surface wave field that results in slamming events. Shipboard measurements of the incoming wave field were made during sea trials of the twin-hull Sea Fighter (FSF-1), ...

A. Brandt; J. L. Mann; S. E. Rennie; A. P. Herzog; T. B. Criss

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 02162011 Location(s): Hull, Massachusetts Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 16, 2011 CX-005199:...

285

CX-009130: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009130: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hull Municipal Light Plant Offshore Wind Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 08022012 Location(s): Massachusetts...

286

CX-009014: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009014: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Hull Municipal Light Plant Offshore Wind Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 08022012 Location(s): Massachusetts...

287

Uncertainty-driven view planning for underwater inspection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the problem of inspecting an underwater structure, such as a submerged ship hull, with an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). In such scenarios, the goal is to construct an accurate 3D model of the structure ...

Hollinger, Geoffrey A.

288

Imaging sonar-aided navigation for autonomous underwater harbor surveillance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we address the problem of drift-free navigation for underwater vehicles performing harbor surveillance and ship hull inspection. Maintaining accurate localization for the duration of a mission is important ...

Johannsson, Hordur

289

A flexible underwater pressure sensor array for artificial lateral line applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a flexible elastomer-based underwater pressure sensor array. When mounted onto the hull of an aquatic vehicle, the array enables obstacle detection, identification and tracking, and can help the vehicle ...

Yaul, Frank M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Toward autonomous harbor surveillance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we address the problem of drift-free navigation for underwater vehicles performing harbor surveillance and ship hull inspection. Maintaining accurate localization for the duration of a mission is important ...

Johannsson, Hordur

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

XAUV : modular high maneuverability autonomous underwater vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design and construction of a modular test bed autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is analyzed. Although a relatively common stacked-hull design is used, the state of the art is advanced through an aggressive power ...

Walker, Daniel G. (Daniel George)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Design options for an Arctic-class LNG carrier  

SciTech Connect

Melville Shipping Ltd., with Petro-Canada's Arctic pilot project, is designing the first commercial LNG system for year-round operations in the Canadian Arctic. Economical adaptation to the region will be maximized by the design combination of current icebreaking and LNG-transport technologies, with special concentration on the ship's hull form, hull structure and materials, LNG-containment system, and propulsion and transmission systems.

Dick, R.A.; Laskov, V.; Wainwright, J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plan/plan.htm. CEC. (2006). "Bioenergy Action Plan forCalifornia." Bioenergy Interagency Working Group, CEC- 600-The Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Crop Production on U.S.

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plan/plan.htm. CEC. (2006). "Bioenergy Action Plan forCalifornia." Bioenergy Interagency Working Group, CEC- 600-The Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Crop Production on U.S.

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accommodated half of the maximum demand (0.72*average demandaccommodate half of the maximum demand (0.72*average demandFor a demand cluster with less than the maximum stations

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accommodated half of the maximum demand (0.72*average demandaccommodate half of the maximum demand (0.72*average demandFor a demand cluster with less than the maximum stations

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include an estimate for biomass gasification for a 150,000A conservative estimate from the gasification literature.A conservative estimate from the gasification literature.

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include an estimate for biomass gasification for a 150,000A conservative estimate from the gasification literature.A conservative estimate from the gasification literature.

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as onsite steam methane reformers that is consistentranges for on-site steam methane reformer-based stations ofwith onsite steam methane reformers (SMR) in the near to

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as onsite steam methane reformers that is consistentranges for on-site steam methane reformer-based stations ofwith onsite steam methane reformers (SMR) in the near to

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Down-regulation of four putative arabinoxylan feruloyl transferase genes from family PF02458 reduces ester-linked ferulate content in rice cell walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials for ef?cient bioethanol production. In: Olsson L,BE (2004) Global potential bioethanol production from wasted

Piston, Fernando; Uauy, Cristobal; Fu, Lianhai; Langston, James; Labavitch, John; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to different assumed electricity prices. Hamelinck et alis advantageous for electricity prices up to $0.04/kWh for $of producing hydrogen when electricity price is greater than

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to different assumed electricity prices. Hamelinck et alis advantageous for electricity prices up to $0.04/kWh for $of producing hydrogen when electricity price is greater than

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfill Gas Waste Water Biogas Total 118 BCF/yr 16 BCF/yrConversion Efficiency 60% biogas Comment A conservative25% efficiency in converting to biogas and 60% efficiency in

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfill Gas Waste Water Biogas Total 118 BCF/yr 16 BCF/yrConversion Efficiency 60% biogas Comment A conservative25% efficiency in converting to biogas and 60% efficiency in

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004). "Optimizing Forest Biomass Exploitation for Energyat a Regional Level." Biomass and Bioenergy, 26(1), 15-25.Energy Crop Feedstock." Biomass and Bioenergy, 18(4), 309-

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004). "Optimizing Forest Biomass Exploitation for Energyat a Regional Level." Biomass and Bioenergy, 26(1), 15-25.Energy Crop Feedstock." Biomass and Bioenergy, 18(4), 309-

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

connections. Intracity pipeline lengths will be determinedThe intracity pipeline network length can also be expressedO&M ($/year) Pipeline Distribution Length of Pipeline (km)

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

connections. Intracity pipeline lengths will be determinedThe intracity pipeline network length can also be expressedO&M ($/year) Pipeline Distribution Length of Pipeline (km)

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theoretical prediction of high-pressure arrhenius parameters by nonlinear regression: application to silane and disilane decomposition  

SciTech Connect

Arrhenius parameters are estimated for silane and disilane thermal decomposition reactions by direct regression of RRKM predictions on published static and shock-tube data. For silane decomposition, they find E/sub infinity/ = 57.4-61.1 kcal/mol and log A/sub infinity/ = 14.9-16.3, while for disilane they find E/sub infinity/ = 51.1-52.5 kcal/mol and log A/sub infinity/ = 15.2-16.2. The lower limiting values correspond to inclusion of negative temperature dependence in the collision efficiency, while the higher values correspond to inclusion of weak or negligible temperature dependence. The Arrhenium parameters for both silane and disilane decomposition differ substantially from previously published values. For silane, they predict preexponentials approximately an order of magnitude greater than the previous values for the same activation energy. For disilane, they find A/sub infinity/ is roughly an order of magnitude higher than the literature values and E/sub infinity/ is greater by more than 2 kcal/mol. Falloff curves for both silane and disilane decomposition are given. Implications of these results for the activation energy of SiH/sub 2/ insertion into H/sub 2/ and SiH/sub 4/ and for ..delta..H/sub f//sup 0/(SiH/sub 2/) are discussed.

Roenigk, K.F.; Jensen, K.F.; Carr, R.W.

1987-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

311

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Production by Gasification of Biomass." Departmentand Celik, Fuat (2005). "Gasification-Based Fuels andon a study of slagging gasification for MSW that reported

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Production by Gasification of Biomass." Departmentand Celik, Fuat (2005). "Gasification-Based Fuels andon a study of slagging gasification for MSW that reported

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Down-regulation of four putative arabinoxylan feruloyl transferase genes from family PF02458 reduces ester-linked ferulate content in rice cell walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedstock for biofuel production. It has been estimated thatcell walls, both for biofuel production or to improve the

Piston, Fernando; Uauy, Cristobal; Fu, Lianhai; Langston, James; Labavitch, John; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Down-regulation of four putative arabinoxylan feruloyl transferase genes from family PF02458 reduces ester-linked ferulate content in rice cell walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cell wall in grasses. Keywords Biofuels Digestibility a broader adaptation of biofuels. One of the limitations foryield and composition for biofuels. Crop Sci 47:22112227

Piston, Fernando; Uauy, Cristobal; Fu, Lianhai; Langston, James; Labavitch, John; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

took an exogenous biomass price (Katofsky 1993; Hamelinck etof biomass that would be available at three price levels (price increase. This work demonstrates that biomass

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

took an exogenous biomass price (Katofsky 1993; Hamelinck etof biomass that would be available at three price levels (price increase. This work demonstrates that biomass

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrogen demand and the biomass supply distributed in space?and distribution of biomass supply what is the least-costfacilities be? o Which biomass supply points should serve

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrogen demand and the biomass supply distributed in space?and distribution of biomass supply what is the least-costfacilities be? o Which biomass supply points should serve

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at every compressed gas hydrogen station regardless of size.Table 16: Compressed Gas Refueling Station Capital Costs C bTable 17; Compressed Gas Refueling Station Operating Costs

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at every compressed gas hydrogen station regardless of size.Table 16: Compressed Gas Refueling Station Capital Costs C bTable 17; Compressed Gas Refueling Station Operating Costs

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sustainable gasificationbiochar systems? A case-study of rice-husk gasification in Cambodia, Part II: Field trial results, carbon abatement,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Biochar Stoves: an innovation studies perspective Sarah Carter Dr Simon Shackley UK Biochar is biochar?..............................................................................................15............................................................................34 5.2. Biochar production

Haszeldine, Stuart

322

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory Indirectly-Heated Gasifier." Department of Energy20: Cost Curves for Gasifier Scaling Factor Sensitivity C OManalyzed four different gasifiers - BCL, IGT, Shell, and

Parker, Nathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory Indirectly-Heated Gasifier." Department of Energy20: Cost Curves for Gasifier Scaling Factor Sensitivity C OManalyzed four different gasifiers - BCL, IGT, Shell, and

Parker, Nathan C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

MHK Technologies/Green Flagship | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flagship Flagship < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Green Flagship.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Wallenius Wilhelmsen Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The E S Orcelle will have five hulls a long slender main hull and four support hulls or sponsons to provide stability at sea The stability offered by the pentamaran hull and its fins combined with the use of new propulsion systems will eliminate the need for the vessel to take on and release ballast water In addition the pentamaran hull design will contribute to the improved utilisation of energy and to the clean flow of water around vessel Compared to today s vessels the pentamaran hull shape of the E S Orcelle and its utilisation of energy from renewable sources will help optimise the cargocarrying capacity of the vessel The E S Orcelle will have a maximum deadweight capacity of 13 000 tons and weigh 21 000 tons much like today s car carriers Yet the E S Orcelle will be capable of carrying approximately 3 000 more tons of cargo thanks to the use of lightweight materials and the elimination of ballast water Wave energy may be transformed into various types of energy by

325

Flexible ocean upwelling pipe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an ocean thermal energy conversion facility, a cold water riser pipe is releasably supported at its upper end by the hull of the floating facility. The pipe is substantially vertical and has its lower end far below the hull above the ocean floor. The pipe is defined essentially entirely of a material which has a modulus of elasticity substantially less than that of steel, e.g., high density polyethylene, so that the pipe is flexible and compliant to rather than resistant to applied bending moments. The position of the lower end of the pipe relative to the hull is stabilized by a weight suspended below the lower end of the pipe on a flexible line. The pipe, apart from the weight, is positively buoyant. If support of the upper end of the pipe is released, the pipe sinks to the ocean floor, but is not damaged as the length of the line between the pipe and the weight is sufficient to allow the buoyant pipe to come to a stop within the line length after the weight contacts the ocean floor, and thereafter to float submerged above the ocean floor while moored to the ocean floor by the weight. The upper end of the pipe, while supported by the hull, communicates to a sump in the hull in which the water level is maintained below the ambient water level. The sump volume is sufficient to keep the pipe full during heaving of the hull, thereby preventing collapse of the pipe.

Person, Abraham (Los Alamitos, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

An analysis of tomb reliefs depicting boat construction from the Old Kingdom period in Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among the aspects of daily life represented on the walls of private tombs during the Old Kingdom in Egypt are reliefs depicting the construction of boat hulls. Examination of the twenty known reliefs and relief fragments which date to this period provides numerous insights into the technology and methodology of wooden hull construction. These reliefs were created to be blueprints of boat construction procedures but rather to ensure that the owner of the tomb would have boats in his afterlife. The majority of the procedures relate to the final stages of constru ction prior to the hull being launched. The depiction of the tools necessary for hull construction and how they we,-e used is of great relevance. Hull symmetry was checked with the aid of a plumb bob while adzes were kept ready to remove flatspots. The procedure of joining planks edge-to-edge with mortise-and-tencn joints is representcd with great detail in the Ty relief. Joining planks in this manner required a team of men working together while being supervised. Reliefs which show hulls with a rope truss stretching from end to end were used to tighten internal traverse lashed joinery and are not the hogging trusses seen on seagoing ships and cargo vessels. Depictions of various steps required for this procedure in most reliefs suggests thats its employment was pervasive.

Rogers, Edward Morgan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Making the Most of Fish Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T he effect of rice - seeding rate and fish stocking on thefloodwater ecology of rice - fish system . B S J the trenchmost people hear the word fish, they think of food. In

Zhu, Julian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Preliminary Notice of Violation, Safety and Ecology Corporation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation,Bechtel National, Inc. - NEA-2008-03 VBH-0062 - In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett VBZ-0062 - In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett...

329

PCR template-DNA isolated quickly from monocot and dicot leaves without tissue homogenization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1994, Vol. 22, No. 10 PCR template-DNA isolated quickly fromthe polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Because rice leaves arequantities of rice DNA for PCR (about 100 ng per half-

Williams, C E; Ronald, P C

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The Economics of Ethanol from Sweet Sorghum Using the MixAlco Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source Pump Drain pipe Liner Cover Biomass Gravel Sugar JuiceGrain LeavesBagasse Fermentation Fermentation Co-generation Other uses DDGS Ethanol Ethanol Electricity Heat Sweet Sorghum Pretreatment fermentation Dewater Acid springing Hydrogenation Lime kiln Biomass Lime Calcium carbonate Carboxylate salts

331

Resource recovery potential from secondary components of segregated municipal solid wastes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for decentralized biogas plants to be operated in the vicinity. We characterized the fermen- tation potential of six differently for each of the feedstocks to obtain a higher gas recovery. Bagasse produced the largest fraction-systems. The existing centralized collection and open landfill systems are gradually becoming expensive and will need

Columbia University

332

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of bioethanol as an automotive fuel. Conversion of sugar and starch to ethanol has been proven at an industrial be conserved and requires immediate processing. In the case of sweet juice conversion to sugar (options #3 direct sale or convert- ing the sugar to ethanol with conversion of the residual bagasse to ethanol

333

Ris Energy Report 2 Bioenergy is energy of biological and renewable origin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of bioenergy resources are fuel wood, bagasse, organic waste, biogas and bioethanol. Bioenergy is the only in biomass conversion, combined with signifi- cant changes in energy markets, have stimulated this trend should continue to develop gasification and fuel cell conversion systems based on biomass. Conversion

334

2005_presentations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Optical Technologies Limits of CD Metrology Bryan Rice, Intel; ... corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Klaus van Benthem, ORNL; ...

2011-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

335

Potential Role of Nanotechnologies in Advanced Nuclear Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Office of Fuel Cycle Technologies. Office of Nuclear Energy. February 28, 2012. Nanotechnology Workshop. Rice University, Houston, Texas...

336

Determination of saccharides and ethanol from biomass conversion using Raman spectroscopy: Effects of pretreatment and enzyme composition  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation focuses on the development of facile and rapid quantitative Raman spectroscopy measurements for the determination of conversion products in producing bioethanol from corn stover. Raman spectroscopy was chosen to determine glucose, xylose and ethanol in complex hydrolysis and fermentation matrices. Chapter 1 describes the motives and main goals of this work, and includes an introduction to biomass, commonly used pretreatment methods, hydrolysis and fermentation reactions. The principles of Raman spectroscopy, its advantages and applications related to biomass analysis are also illustrated. Chapter 2 and 3 comprise two published or submitted manuscripts, and the thesis concludes with an appendix. In Chapter 2, a Raman spectroscopic protocol is described to study the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose by measuring the main product in hydrolysate, glucose. Two commonly utilized pretreatment methods were investigated in order to understand their effect on glucose measurements by Raman spectroscopy. Second, a similar method was set up to determine the concentration of ethanol in fermentation broth. Both of these measurements are challenged by the presence of complex matrices. In Chapter 3, a quantitative comparison of pretreatment protocols and the effect of enzyme composition are studied using systematic methods. A multipeak fitting algorithm was developed to analyze spectra of hydrolysate containing two analytes: glucose and xylose. Chapter 4 concludes with a future perspective of this research area. An appendix describes a convenient, rapid spectrophotometric method developed to measure cadmium in water. This method requires relatively low cost instrumentation and can be used in microgravity, such as space shuttles or the International Space Station. This work was performed under the supervision of Professor Marc Porter while at Iowa State University. Research related to producing biofuel from bio-renewable resources, especially bioethanol from biomass, has grown significantly in the past decade due to the high demand and rising costs of fossil fuels. More than 3 percent of the energy consumption in the U.S. is derived from renewable biomass, mostly through industrial heat and steam production by the pulp and paper industry, and electricity generation from municipal solid waste (MSW) and forest industry residues. The utilization of food-based biomass to make fuels has been widely criticized because it may increase food shortages throughout the world and raise the cost of food. Thus, nonfood-based and plentiful lignocellulosic feedstocks, such as corn stover, perennial grass, bagasse, sorghum, wheat/rice straw, herbaceous and woody crops, have great potential to be new bio-renewable sources for energy production. Given that many varieties of biomass are available, there is need for a rapid, simple, high-throughput method to screen the conversion of many plant varieties. The most suitable species for each geographic region must be determined, as well as the optimal stage of harvest, impacts of environmental conditions (temperature, soil, pH, etc.). Various genetically modified plants should be studied in order to establish the desired biomass in bioethanol production. The main screening challenge, however, is the complexity of plant cell wall structures that make reliable and sensitive analysis difficult. To date, one of the most popular methods to produce lignocellulosic ethanol is to perform enzymatic hydrolysis followed by fermentation of the hydrolysate with yeast. There are several vital needs related to the field of chemistry that have been suggested as primary research foci needed to effectively improve lignocellulosic ethanol production. These topics include overcoming the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass, the pervasiveness of pretreatment, advanced biological processing and better feedstocks. In this thesis, a novel approach using Raman spectroscopy has been developed to address important issues related to bioethanol generation, which will aid the research aimed to solve the topics m

Shih, Chien-Ju

2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

337

COFIRING OF BIOMASS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory was completed by the Energy & Environmental Research Center to explore the potential for cofiring biomass at the University of North Dakota (UND). The results demonstrate how 25% sunflower hulls can be cofired with subbituminous coal and provide a 20% return on investment or 5-year payback for the modifications required to enable firing biomass. Significant outcomes of the study are as follows. A complete resource assessment presented all biomass options to UND within a 100-mile radius. Among the most promising options in order of preference were sunflower hulls, wood residues, and turkey manure. The firing of up to 28% sunflower hulls by weight was completed at the university's steam plant to identify plant modifications that would be necessary to enable cofiring sunflower hulls. The results indicated investments in a new equipment could be less than $408,711. Data collected from test burns, which were not optimized for biomass firing, resulted in a 15% reduction in sulfur and NO{sub x} emissions, no increase in opacity, and slightly better boiler efficiency. Fouling and clinkering potential were not evaluated; however, no noticeable detrimental effects occurred during testing. As a result of this study, UND has the potential to achieve a cost savings of approximately $100,000 per year from a $1,500,000 annual fossil fuel budget by implementing the cofiring of 25% sunflower hulls.

Phillip N. Hutton

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Sugar-Based Ethanol Biorefinery: Ethanol, Succinic Acid and By-Product Production  

SciTech Connect

The work conducted in this project is an extension of the developments itemized in DE-FG-36-04GO14236. This program is designed to help the development of a biorefinery based around a raw sugar mill, which in Louisiana is an underutilized asset. Some technical questions were answered regarding the addition of a biomass to ethanol facility to existing sugar mills. The focus of this work is on developing technology to produce ethanol and valuable by-products from bagasse. Three major areas are addressed, feedstock storage, potential by-products and the technology for producing ethanol from dilute ammonia pre-treated bagasse. Sugar mills normally store bagasse in a simple pile. During the off season there is a natural degradation of the bagasse, due to the composting action of microorganisms in the pile. This has serious implications if bagasse must be stored to operate a bagasse/biorefinery for a 300+ day operating cycle. Deterioration of the fermentables in bagasse was found to be 6.5% per month, on pile storage. This indicates that long term storage of adequate amounts of bagasse for year-round operation is probably not feasible. Lignin from pretreatment seemed to offer a potential source of valuable by-products. Although a wide range of phenolic compounds were present in the effluent from dilute ammonia pretreatment, the concentrations of each (except for benzoic acid) were too low to consider for extraction. The cellulosic hydrolysis system was modified to produce commercially recoverable quantities of cellobiose, which has a small but growing market in the food process industries. A spin-off of this led to the production of a specific oligosaccharide which appears to have both medical and commercial implications as a fungal growth inhibitor. An alternate use of sugars produced from biomass hydrolysis would be to produce succinic acid as a chemical feedstock for other conversions. An organism was developed which can do this bioconversion, but the economics of succinic acid production were such that it could not compete with current commercial practice. To allow recovery of commercial amounts of ethanol from bagasse fermentation, research was conducted on high solids loading fermentations (using S. cerevisiae) with commercial cellulase on pretreated material. A combination of SHF/SSF treatment with fed-batch operation allowed fermentation at 30% solids loading. Supplementation of the fermentation with a small amount of black-strap molasses had results beyond expectation. There was an enhancement of conversion as well as production of ethanol levels above 6.0% w/w, which is required both for efficient distillation as well as contaminant repression. The focus of fermentation development was only on converting the cellulose to ethanol, as this yeast is not capable of fermenting both glucose and xylose (from hemicellulose). In anticipation of the future development of such an organism, we screened the commercially available xylanases to find the optimum mix for conversion of both cellulose and hemicellulose. A different mixture than the spezyme/novozyme mix used in our fermentation research was found to be more efficient at converting both cellulose and hemicellulose. Efforts were made to select a mutant of Pichia stipitis for ability to co-ferment glucose and xylose to ethanol. New mutation technology was developed, but an appropriate mutant has not yet been isolated. The ability to convert to stillage from biomass fermentations were determined to be suitable for anaerobic degradation and methane production. An economic model of a current sugar factory was developed in order to provide a baseline for the cost/benefit analysis of adding cellulosic ethanol production.

Donal F. Day

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 21320 of 26,764 results. 11 - 21320 of 26,764 results. Download Hull Wind: A Community Gets Green U.S. Department of Energy Community and Renewable Energy Success Stories webinar series titled Wind Energy in Urban Environments. This presentation describes two wind turbine installations and plans for an off-shore development in Hull, Massachusetts, at the entrance to Boston Harbor. http://energy.gov/eere/downloads/hull-wind-community-gets-green Download A Tale of Two Cities: Greensburg Rebuilds as a National Model for Green Communities (Fact Sheet), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) This fact sheet provides a summary of how DOE and NREL's technical assistance in Greensburg, Kansas, helped the town rebuild green after recovering from a tornado in May 2007. http://energy.gov/eere/downloads/tale-two-cities-greensburg-rebuilds-national-model-green-communities-fact-sheet

340

Data:Ab7e8c9a-82e1-4568-a927-887123beb3f3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c9a-82e1-4568-a927-887123beb3f3 c9a-82e1-4568-a927-887123beb3f3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hull Municipal Light Plant Effective date: 2009/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Power Rate 34 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.town.hull.ma.us/Public_Documents/HullMA_Light/rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NEWASH AND TECUMSETH: ANALYSIS OF TWO POST-WAR OF 1812 VESSELS ON THE GREAT LAKES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1953 the tangled, skeletal remains of a ship were pulled from the small harbor of Penetanguishene, Ontario. Local historians had hoped to raise the hull of a War of 1812 veteran, but the vessel pulled from the depths did not meet the criteria. Identified as H.M. Schooner Tecumseth, the vessel was built just after the War of 1812 had ended. Historical research of Tecumseth and her sister ship Newash, which remained in Penetanguishene harbor, illuminated the ships? shadowy past. Conceived and built after the war, the vessels sailed for only two years before being rendered obsolete by the terms of the Rush-Bagot disarmament agreement. Nevertheless, the two vessels offer a unique perspective from which to view the post-war period on the Great Lakes. The schooners? hulls were interpreted and analyzed using archaeological evidence. A theoretical rigging reconstruction was created, using contemporary texts and documentary evidence of the ships themselves. Architectural hull analysis was carried out to explore the nature of these vessels. From these varied approaches, a conception of Newash and Tecumseth has emerged, revealing ways in which the hulls were designed to fulfill their specific duties. The hulls were sharp, yet had capacious cargo areas. The rigs combined square-rigged and fore-and-aft sails for maximum flexibility. The designs of the hulls and rigging also reflect predominant attitudes of the period, in which naval vessels on the lakes gave way to merchant craft. Taken as a whole, Tecumseth and Newash illustrate how ships, while fluid in the nature of their work, are also singular entities that truly encapsulate a specific point in time and place.

Gordon, Leeanne E.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Data Report on Post-Irradiation Dimensional Change of AGC-1 Samples  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the initial dimensional changes for loaded and unloaded AGC-1 samples. The dimensional change for all samples is presented as a function of dose. The data is further presented by graphite type and applied load levels to illustrate the differences between graphite forming processes and stress levels within the graphite components. While the three different loads placed on the samples have been verified [ ref: Larry Hulls report] verification of the AGC-1 sample temperatures and dose levels are expected in the summer of 2012. Only estimated dose and temperature values for the samples are presented in this report to allow a partial analysis of the results.

William Windes

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

At Rice, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) is a dynamic and broad disci-pline that uses principles in mathematics, physics, and chemistry to address the challenges in engineer-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surapaneni and Radu Teodorescu Department of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Electrical-based models that are trained at runtime. Compared to static dual modular redundancy (DMR), our system reduces a sim- ple checker that verifies execution of the main processor as in DIVA [5]. Timing speculation has

344

At Rice, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) is a dynamic and broad disci-pline that uses principles in mathematics, physics, and chemistry to address the challenges in engineer-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. However, the number of trained therapists is being outpaced by the number of individuals who suffer from is with the Department of Electrical Engineer- ing, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA to more challenging fine motor tasks such as stacking checkers, picking up paper clips, and folding

Mellor-Crummey, John

345

At Rice, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) is a dynamic and broad disci-pline that uses principles in mathematics, physics, and chemistry to address the challenges in engineer-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the forthcoming research training group on the algorithmic synthesis of reactive systems. Joost-Pieter Katoen to the PRISM tool, a model-checker for probabilistic timed systems, developed at the University Birmingham, UK. Furthermore, we plan to connect MODEST to the UPPAAL model checker. Timed Model-Based Testing H. Bohnenkamp, A

Mellor-Crummey, John

346

At Rice, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) is a dynamic and broad disci-pline that uses principles in mathematics, physics, and chemistry to address the challenges in engineer-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

languages in the world have no written tradition For many others, limited literacy, or no electricity let, especially for phones Spelling and grammar checkers Online dictionaries and thesauri Translation software generated this way Upshot: lots of text needed for training... #12;An Crúbadán Web crawler that seeks out

Palem, Krishna V.

347

energy balance and comparison to conventional processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A Process Concept Energy consumption of metal electrowinning: an optimization.

348

Sintering Process of Nickel Laterite Based of Limonitic Style  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A Process Concept Energy consumption of metal electrowinning: an optimization.

349

Reduction of Agglomerated Manganese Ores In a 150KW pilot scale ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A Process Concept Energy consumption of metal electrowinning: an optimization.

350

Carbon Sequestration and Gas Emissions in Paddy Field Ecosystem Affected by Nitrogen Application in Purplish Soil, Southwest China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in parentheses. 3.2 Daily carbon sequestrations in growthstage Daily carbon sequestrations at different rice growth>N150. Table 3 Daily carbon sequestrations in growth stage /

Wang, Yuying; Hu, Chunsheng Sr.; Zhu, Bo Sr.; Xiang, Hongyan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

TRENDS: ANNUAL ESTIMATES OF GLOBAL ANTHROPOGENIC METHANE EMISSIONS...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flaring and Venting of Natural Gas Oil and Gas Supply Systems, Excluding Flaring Coal Mining Biomass Burning Livestock Farming Rice Farming and Related Activities Landfills...

352

Breakout Group 1: Catalysts and Supports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

More Oak Ridge National Laboratory Rachel O'Malley Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells Andy Herring Colorado School of Mines Debbie Myers Argonne National Laboratory Gordon Rice Cabot...

353

South Louisiana Enhanced Oil Recovery/Sequestration Demonstration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Texas Rice University The Computer Modeling Group Schlumberger Carbon Services Weatherford Laboratories PROJECT DURATION Start Date End Date 10012011 09302015 COST Total...

354

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team Spain: Tracking the Sun  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Houses Now? Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

355

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wilson Hall Cafe Menu Chez Leon Wednesday, Nov. 2 Lunch - Bourbon glazed salmon - Thai rice pilaf - Sauted pea pods - Lemon Napoleon Friday, Nov. 4 Dinner Closed Chez Leon...

356

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wilson Hall Cafe Menu Chez Leon Wednesday, Feb. 23 Lunch - Broiled tilapia with Thai coconut curry sauce - Jasmine rice - Tropical coconut cake Friday, Feb. 25 - Bacon,...

357

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

roll Wilson Hall Cafe Menu Chez Leon Wednesday, Oct. 14 Lunch - Broiled tilapia with Thai coconut curry sauce - Basmati rice - Julienne of peppers - Pear and ginger crisp...

358

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, no. D24 (2012). Jeong,...

359

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, no. D24 (2012). Sudderth, Erika...

360

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, no. D24 (2012). Newman, Sally,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reaction Mechanism and Reaction Rate of Sn Evaporation from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study, it was elucidated that, under the chemical reaction rate ... Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A...

362

Microevolution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have been created by man since he began manipulating his environment. Consider domestic cats, dogs, cows, pigs, horses, wheat, rice, and corn. New species of bacteria are created...

363

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, June 26 - Minnesota wild rice wchicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Vegetarian salad wrap -...

364

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Cafeteria Thursday, September 22 - Minnesota Wild Rice wChicken - Tuna Melt on Nine Grain - BBQ Ribs - Chicken Casserole - Buffalo Chicken Wrap - Mexican...

365

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cafe Thursday, Jan. 14 - Breakfast: Apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice w chicken - Tuna melt on nine-grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo krispy chicken wrap...

366

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Secon Level 3 Cafeteria Thursday, June 29 -Minnesota Wild Rice wChicken -Tuna Melt on Nine Grain -BBQ Ribs -Chicken Casserole -Buffalo Chicken Wrap -Assorted Slice...

367

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, April 3 - Minnesota wild rice wchicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Vegetarian salad wrap -...

368

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, April 24 - Minnesota wild rice wchicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Vegetarian salad wrap -...

369

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, Feb. 12 - Minnesota Wild Rice wChicken - Tuna Melt on Nine Grain - Smart Cuisine: Italian Meatloaf - Chicken Casserole - Smart...

370

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cafe Thursday, Oct. 21 - Breakfast: apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice w chicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - *Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo krispy chicken...

371

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hall Cafe Thursday, July 1 - Breakfast: Apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice wchicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo crispy chicken wrap...

372

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hall Cafe Thursday, June 4 - Breakfast: Apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice wchicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo crispy chicken wrap...

373

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cafe Thursday, June 16 - Breakfast: Apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice w chicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Smart cuisine: Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo...

374

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, March 8 -Minnesota Wild Rice with Chicken -Tuna Melt on Nine Grain -BBQ Ribs -Chicken Casserole -Buffalo Chicken Wrap -Assorted Slice...

375

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cafe Thursday, July 14 - Breakfast: Apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice w chicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Smart Cuisine: Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo...

376

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status Secon Level 3 Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, May 7 - Minnesota wild rice wchicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo crispy chicken wrap...

377

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hall Cafe Thursday, Nov. 3 - Breakfast: Apple sticks - Minnesota wild rice w chicken - Tuna melt on nine grain - Smart cuisine: Italian meatloaf - Chicken casserole - Buffalo...

378

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

could be used for bioethanol feedstocks. Grown currentlypotential for conventional bioethanol production are rice,ethanol production means bioethanol fermented from starch

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

could be used for bioethanol feedstocks. Grown currentlypotential for conventional bioethanol production are rice,ethanol production means bioethanol fermented from starch

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Office of Fossil Energy Oil & Natural Gas Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Energy Oil & Natural Gas Technology Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate End of Phase 2 Topical Report Reporting Period: June, 2007-June, 2008 Submitted by: Rice...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NREL: Biomass Research - Glossary of Biomass Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

not removed from the fields with the primary food or fiber product. Examples include corn stover (stalks, leaves, husks, and cobs); wheat straw; and rice straw. alcohol: An...

382

Applicant Organization:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ethanol Technology & Feedstocks: * Agricultural residues: wheat straw, barley straw, corn stover, switchgrass and rice straw State of Readiness: * Tested the overall process...

383

Energy Basics: Biomass Resources  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

leaves, that are not harvested or removed from fields in commercial use. Examples include corn stover (stalks, leaves, husks, and cobs), wheat straw, and rice straw. With...

384

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY STONE & WEBSTER FOR AN...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is to prepare a feasibility study for economical conversion of rice straw to ethanol near Gridley, California. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop a...

385

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT/PLAN...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTPLAN AMENDMENT Rice Solar Energy Project Riverside County, California Lead Agency Cooperating Agency U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power...

386

EIS-0439: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0439: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, CA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

387

EIS-0439: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0439: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California EIS-0439-EPANOA-2010.pdf More Documents &...

388

EIS-0439: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0439: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, CA The Western Area Power Administration (Western)...

389

Physical mapping of a large plant genome using global high-information-content-fingerprinting: the distal region of the wheat ancestor Aegilops tauschii chromosome 3DS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brachypodium Initiative: Genome sequencing and analysis ofInternational Rice Genome Sequencing Project: The map-basedthe International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium http://

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rice Lake, WI Biofuel Retail Availability Improvement Network - Biodiesel Infrastructure Installation Installation of 10,000 gallon above ground biodiesel storage tank and...

391

Taking ramen seriously : food, labor, and everyday life in modern Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laced noodles made from wheat flour, and various toppingsthe popularity of other wheat-flour based foods such asof rice in relation to wheat flour particularly after the

Solt, George Sekine

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Presentation Title  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petris Technology Rice University Rock Solid Images RTI Energy Systems Schlumberger Shell Exploration & Production Simmons and Co. StatoilHydro AeroVironment Conservation Comm. of...

393

Agency datasets monthly list | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report is prepared monthly and includes forecasts for U.S. and world wheat, rice, and coarse grains (corn, barley, sorghum, and oats),...

394

U.S. CMS - Endcap Muon Directory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Florida Florida Institute of Technology Northeastern University Northwestern University Ohio State University Purdue University Rice University Texas A&M Wayne State University...

395

LDC debt and policy linkages in the determination of world commodity prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coarse Grain, Rice, and Cotton Prices Explanatory VariablesDependent Variables\\ Wheat Prices Impact (standard error)Inter La DW I Coarse Grain Prices Impact (standard error)

Rausser, Gordon C.; Brazelon, Coleman

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Exploring genome rearrangements using virtual hybridization - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 7, 2006 ... inverted repeat. Molecular and General Genetics,252:195?206, 1996. 10. Matsuoa, M., Itob, Y., Yamauchib, R., Obokataa, J.: The Rice Nuclear...

397

THE NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... consortium with several companies to develop atomic clocks about the size of a grain of rice that could be powered by an AA battery and stable to 1 ...

2012-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

398

Teaching Process Simulation in Eleven Easy LessonsUsing Excel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The primary market driver for improving process technology is ... Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A...

399

A Green Method for the Recovery of Metal Oxides from Minerals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delivering a National Process Design Unit with Industry Support ... Electricity- independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A Concept Process.

400

Delivering a National Process Design Unit with Industry Support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Delivering a National Process Design Unit with Industry Support ... Electricity-independent Generation of Si Based on the Use of Rice Husk: A...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NREL: Energy Sciences - Yufeng Zhao  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yufeng went on to study one-dimensional materials, including carbon nanotubes and silicon nanowires, at Rice University. He has a background in laser...

402

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eis-0267-notice-availability-record-decision Download VBH-0062- In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by...

403

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

energy.govnepadownloadseis-0281-record-decision Download VBZ-0062- In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by...

404

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2009 Virginia Tech  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Teams Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

405

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team Alberta: Showcasing the Canadian Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Houses Now? Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

406

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team California: Creating a Legacy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Houses Now? Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

407

DOE Solar Decathlon: The University of Arizona: Growing Tomorrow...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Houses Now? Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

408

methane hydrate science plan-final.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial Revolu on. Methane in the atmosphere comes from many sources, including wetlands, rice cul va on, termites, cows and other ruminants, forest fi res, and fossil fuel...

409

Second law analysis of a natural gas-fired steam boiler and cogeneration plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A second law thermodynamic analysis of a natural gas-fired steam boiler and cogeneration plant at Rice University was conducted. The analysis included many components of (more)

Conklin, Eric D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Circa 1898: Overseas Empire and Transnational American Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Panama, Cuba, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii,in the Philippines and Puerto Rico), Mark Rice shows howhow representations of Puerto Rico (unlike more primitivist

Hsu, Hsuan L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bobi Garrett, Stuart Macmillan, Brent Rice, and Connie Komomua National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Dan Zimmerle Colorado State...

412

Bioenergy development from agricultural waste on Northern ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Summary This project will convert agricultural waste, including food waste, rice straw, and other organic farm waste to bioethanol through bacterial ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

413

Nano-structures of ?-SiC Formed by Pyrolosis of Agricultural Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... be obtained from agricultural waste such as rice husks, corn husks, and sorghum leaves by controlled conditions of temperature and surrounding atmosphere.

414

10.1007%2Fs12155-013-9315-6  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of cellulose synthases, transferases, decarboxy- lases, and epimerases from maize, sorghum, rice, and Ara- bidopsis found in the NCBI unigene database (http:...

415

Conference on Accelerating Innovation in 21st Century ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of soft condensed matter systems such as liquids, polymers and gels ... has genetically engineered rice for resistance to diseases and flooding, both of ...

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

416

Enabling Sustainability through Metal Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013... nanoparticles derived from rice husk (RH) biomass as the starting ... Furthermore the state of the art process is a very expensive solution and...

417

Inactivation of OsIRX10 leads to decreased xylan content in ...  

Inactivation of OsIRX10 leads to decreased xylan content in rice culm cell walls and improved ... We subjected destarched AIR samples to hot water ...

418

A semidefinite programming based polyhedral cut and price ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 17, 2004 ... A semidefinite programming based polyhedral cut and price algorithm for the maxcut problem. Kartik Krishnan (kartik ***at*** rice.edu)

419

Food Policy and Poverty in Indonesia: A General Equilibrium Analysis, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 49(3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indonesia is the worlds largest importer of its staple food, rice. Since the economic crisis of 1998, rice import policy has become increasingly protectionist and since early 2004, imports have been banned. This paper uses a general equilibrium model of the Indonesian economy to analyze the effects of an import ban on rice, including its effects on poverty. The analysis recognizes 1,000 individual households. The results indicate that the rice import ban raises poverty incidence by a little less than one per cent of the population. Poverty rises in both rural and urban areas. Among farmers, only the richest gain.

Peter Warr; Sulton Mawardi; Agus Priyambada

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Car Access and Welfare-To-Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and Illness30. March. Ong, Paul "Work and Car Ownership Among WelfareRice (2000). "The Effect of Car Ownershipon the Employment

Ong, Paul M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Bargaining for a New Car. American Economic Review 85 (Price Discrimination in New Car Pur- chases: Evidence fromand Lorien Rice. 2000. Car Ownership, Employment, and Earn-

Raphael, Steven; Stoll, Michael

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DE-FE0006827 DE-FE0006827 Prime: VCCER, Subs: Multiple FE DE-FE0006827 Sequestration Division 2011 Joshua Hull 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2015 Multiple sites, Multiple states & Canada Injecting Carbon Dioxide into Unconventional Storage Reservoirs in the Central Appalachian Basin.... This CX(-A) covers paper studies, information gathering, and data evaluation related to the project. (SUMMARY CX) 09 29 2011 Digitally signed by Joshua Hull DN: cn=Joshua Hull, o=Sequestration, ou=DOE, email=joshua.hull@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2011.09.29 13:01:51 -04'00' 10 14 2011 john ganz Digitally signed by john ganz DN: cn=john ganz, o=netl, ou=environmental compliance division, email=john.ganz@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2011.10.14 10:39:22 -04'00' Comprehensive list of contractors with 12 locations covered under this summary CX has been provided to

423

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

615.ps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Ax 6 b, such that A0has full row-rank and the affine hull of P is the set fx 2 R. n j . A0x = b0g. ..... A Framework for the Acquisition, Processing, Transmission, and. Interactive ... Infimaximal Frames: A Technique for Making Lines Look Like.

426

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process. 8 figures.

Herring, J.S.

1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University RIVER GEOTHERMAL SITE Earl Mattson1 , Mitchell Plummer1 , Carl Palmer1 , Larry Hull1 , Samantha Miller1 and Randy Nye2 1 Idaho National Laboratory PO Box 1625 Idaho Falls, ID 83415-2107 2 US Geothermal Inc 1505

Stanford University

429

Isogeometric Analysis and Applications and final consortium meeting of EXCITING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Propellers and Turbochargers 10:40-11:15 WP 2: Ship hulls 11:15-11:50 WP 3: Car components and frames 11:00 excursion to Andritz Hydro (14:30) and to Stahlwelt (16:00) 18:30 conference dinner (Promenadenhof) Thursday

Jüttler, Bert

430

Centre for the study of Regulated Industries PUBLICATIONS &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Peter Vass (July 1994) #12;16 4 European Community Integration and Comparative Natural Gas Regulation Turvey, CRI Gas regulation - Graham Shuttleworth & David Hough, NERA Postal services regulation - Paul of Hull Gas regulation - Chris Bolt, PPP Arbiter and Tim Davis, National Grid Transco Postal services

Collomosse, John

431

Wilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine foundations (Patrick and Henderson) was commissioned to design a foundation. More detailHull Wind II: A Case Study of the Development of a Second Large Wind Turbine Installation", the largest wind turbine (660 kW) yet installed in the state. That project proved to be so popular that HMLP

432

STATE OF CALIFORNIA -THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMNIISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine (CARE, 2003) and, as of day 400 since commissioning, there have been over 6,000 hits was commissioned by HMLP regarding the new 660 kW wind turbine and the possibility of additional wind turbines1 WIND TURBINE SITING IN AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT: THE HULL, MA 660 KW TURBINE J. F. Manwell, J. G. Mc

433

Waste management system alternatives for treatment of wastes from spent fuel reprocessing  

SciTech Connect

This study was performed to help identify a preferred TRU waste treatment alternative for reprocessing wastes with respect to waste form performance in a geologic repository, near-term waste management system risks, and minimum waste management system costs. The results were intended for use in developing TRU waste acceptance requirements that may be needed to meet regulatory requirements for disposal of TRU wastes in a geologic repository. The waste management system components included in this analysis are waste treatment and packaging, transportation, and disposal. The major features of the TRU waste treatment alternatives examined here include: (1) packaging (as-produced) without treatment (PWOT); (2) compaction of hulls and other compactable wastes; (3) incineration of combustibles with cementation of the ash plus compaction of hulls and filters; (4) melting of hulls and failed equipment plus incineration of combustibles with vitrification of the ash along with the HLW; (5a) decontamination of hulls and failed equipment to produce LLW plus incineration and incorporation of ash and other inert wastes into HLW glass; and (5b) variation of this fifth treatment alternative in which the incineration ash is incorporated into a separate TRU waste glass. The six alternative processing system concepts provide progressively increasing levels of TRU waste consolidation and TRU waste form integrity. Vitrification of HLW and intermediate-level liquid wastes (ILLW) was assumed in all cases.

McKee, R.W.; Swanson, J.L.; Daling, P.M.; Clark, L.L.; Craig, R.A.; Nesbitt, J.F.; McCarthy, D.; Franklin, A.L.; Hazelton, R.F.; Lundgren, R.A.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

The AirSea Momentum Flux in Conditions of Wind Sea and Swell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Surface Wave Dynamics Experiment, direct measurements of momentum, heat, and water vapor fluxes were obtained from a mast on the foredeck of a SWATH (small water-plane area, twin hull) ship in deep water off the state of Virginia. ...

Mark A. Donelan; William M. Drennan; Kristina B. Katsaros

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J.S.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Newport News Shipbuilding Company Interview re Ship Design Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is not physical arrangement or its visualization, but the CFD analyses of hull/powerplant combinations (10 minutes vessels for foreign sale Landing craft Repair work Complex nuclear overhauls 4. Overview of the Ship Design Process 4.1. Coordinate system: Distance from bow or stern, measured in frame number, and distance

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

437

I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a t of Since t h e e a r l y quantitative s t u d i e s of t h e g-process by Clayton, Fowler, HULL, and Zimemaan (1961), considerable e f f o r t has been mc?e t o determine t h e...

438

Platform effects on optical variability and prediction of underwater visibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Platform effects on optical variability and prediction of underwater visibility Grace Chang,1, specifically the breakdown of stratification from mixing by the hull of R/P FLIP. Modeled underwater radiance Successful, rapid identification of underwater tar- gets and accurate underwater imaging are critical

You, Yu

439

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

06827 06827 Virginia Tech FE Multiple SCC/Sequestration Division FY13-15/ 4/1/2013 - 9/30/2015 Joshua Hull Buchanan County, VA Small-Scale Enhanced Coalbed Methane Test Injection of up to 19,700 tons of CO2 in an existing coal bed methane field (3 wells) in Buchanan County, Virginia. Construct 2,500 foot CO2 pipeline between wells in existing pipeline right-of-way. Digitally signed by Joshua Hull DN: cn=Joshua Hull, o=NETL, ou=Seq div, email=joshua.hull@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2013.05.21 09:59:53 -04'00' 05 21 2013 John Ganz Digitally signed by John Ganz DN: cn=John Ganz, o=NETL, ou=ECD, email=john.ganz@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2013.09.09 15:00:13 -04'00' 9 9 2013 Project also involves drilling of three monitoring/characterization wells at the Buchanan County, VA

440

Gravity base, jack-up platform - method and apparatus  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to an offshore, gravity base, jack-up platform comprising a deck, a gravity base and one or more legs interconnecting the deck and base. The gravity base comprises a generally polygonal shaped, monolithic hull structure with reaction members extending downwardly from the hull to penetrate the waterbed and react to vertical and lateral loads imposed upon the platform while maintaining the gravity hull in a posture elevated above the surface of the waterbed. A method aspect of the invention includes the steps of towing a gravity base, jack-up platform, as a unit, to a preselected offshore site floating upon the gravity hull. During the towing operation, the deck is mounted adjacent the gravity base with a leg or legs projecting through the deck. At a preselected offshore station ballast is added to the gravity base and the platform descends slightly to a posture where the platform is buoyantly supported by the deck. The base is then jacked down toward the seabed and the platform is laterally brought onto station. Ballast is then added to the deck and the reaction members are penetrated into the waterbed to operational soil refusal. Ballast is then ejected from the deck and the deck is jacked to an operational elevation above a predetermined statistical wave crest height.

Herrmann, R.P.; Pease, F.T.; Ray, D.R.

1981-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

An interdependency index for the outputs of uncertain systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of mechanical systems with uncertain parameters is gaining increasing interest in the field of system analysis to provide an expedient model for the prediction of the system behavior. Making use of the Transformation Method, the uncertain parameters ... Keywords: Convex hull, Dependency, Fuzzy number, Fuzzy sets, Interdependency, Tight envelope, Transformation method

O. Giannini; M. Hanss

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Buddha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that it yields is the ambrosia fruit of Nirvana, and by this ploughing all sorrow is brought to an end". Than the Brahman poured milk-rice into a golden bowl and handed it to the lord saying: "Eat, 0 Gautama, the milk-rice. Indeed, thou art a hus- 10 bandman...

Yogi, P. G.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Prep time: 15 minutes Cook time: 30 minutes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In addition, no cross-reactivity was detected in protein extracts of host foods (whole wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, milk chocolate, raisin bran cereal, chocolate- filled cookies, and rice wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, chocolate-filled cookies, and rice cereal, detection

444

Menu 1 Associated Students Campus Children's Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In addition, no cross-reactivity was detected in protein extracts of host foods (whole wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, milk chocolate, raisin bran cereal, chocolate- filled cookies, and rice wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, chocolate-filled cookies, and rice cereal, detection

Ponce, V. Miguel

445

A Sensitive Sandwich ELISA for the Detection of Trace Amounts of Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) Nut in Foods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In addition, no cross-reactivity was detected in protein extracts of host foods (whole wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, milk chocolate, raisin bran cereal, chocolate- filled cookies, and rice wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, chocolate-filled cookies, and rice cereal, detection

Ronquist, Fredrik

446

The Grain Milling Oilseed Processing Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In addition, no cross-reactivity was detected in protein extracts of host foods (whole wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, milk chocolate, raisin bran cereal, chocolate- filled cookies, and rice wheat flour, all purpose wheat flour, rolled oats, chocolate-filled cookies, and rice cereal, detection

Levinson, David M.

447

e are pleased to assist you in planning a great celebration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, spring mix salad garnished with fresh cut vegetables and assorted dressings, potatoes or rice, and fresh Served with a fruit and cheese tray with assorted crackers during reception, spring mix salad garnished garnished with fresh cut vegetables and assorted dressings, fresh fruit salad with berries, potato or rice

448

LEGISLATING HARMONY: LABOUR LAW REFORM IN CONTEMPORARY CHINA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Political Science University of Michigan and Baohua Dong East China University of Politics and Law Shanghai://www.finance.people.com/cn/GB/1045/4473404.html>. #12;3 rice bowl" of the Maoist Era to more flexible and efficient "contract labour labour legislation. While the 1994 legislation was a premeditated move to "smash" the iron rice bowl

Edwards, Paul N.

449

2, 77102, 2005 Greenhouse gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGD 2, 77­102, 2005 Greenhouse gas emissions from Indian rice fields H. Pathak et al. Title Page Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences Greenhouse gas emissions from Indian Commons License. 77 #12;BGD 2, 77­102, 2005 Greenhouse gas emissions from Indian rice fields H. Pathak et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

Learning to Manage Combined Energy Supply Systems Azalia Mirhoseini, Farinaz Koushanfar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. of of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas azalia@rice.edu, farinaz- alone supply because of their comparatively higher leakage and lower energy density. Due functional capabil- ities. The wide-spread usage of batteries is because of their cost, rechargeability

451

Start | Author Index 741-7 Speciation and Release Kinetics of Cadmium and Zinc in Thai Paddy Soil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Start | Author Index 741-7 Speciation and Release Kinetics of Cadmium and Zinc in Thai Paddy Soil Ginder-Vogel 1 , Rufus L. Chaney 2 and Donald L. Sparks 1 , (1)Department of Plant and Soil Sciences is harmful to human health. Although Cd has no biological role in rice, rice can take up Cd from soil

Sparks, Donald L.

452

European Biochar Symposium Halle (Saale) 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainable gasification­biochar systems? A case-study of rice-husk gasification in Cambodia, Part Biochar Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Crew Building, King's Buildings, West Mains Road November 2011 Available online 26 November 2011 Keywords: Biochar Rice husk Sustainability a b s t r a c

Diekmann, Martin

453

1 Solvent-Extractable Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Biochar: 2 Influence of Pyrolysis Temperature and Feedstock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainable gasification­biochar systems? A case-study of rice-husk gasification in Cambodia, Part Biochar Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Crew Building, King's Buildings, West Mains Road November 2011 Available online 26 November 2011 Keywords: Biochar Rice husk Sustainability a b s t r a c

454

Pacific Ethanol, Inc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Verenium Biofuels Corporation Verenium Biofuels Corporation Corporate HQ: Cambridge, Massachusetts Proposed Facility Location: Jennings, Louisiana Description: Operation and maintenance of a demonstration-scale facility in Jennings, Louisiana with some capital additions. CEO or Equivalent: Carlos A. Riva, President, Chief Executive Officer and Director Participants: Only Verenium Biofuels Corporation Production: * Capacity of 1.5 million gallons per year of cellulosic ethanol biofuel Technology and Feedstocks: * Pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosics and fermentation of sugars into ethanol * sugarcane bagasse, dedicated energy crops, agricultural waste, and wood product residues State of Readiness: * The demonstration facility has been completed and is in the

455

Compilation of air pollutant emission factors. Volume 1. Stationary point and area sources. Supplement E  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Supplement to the Fourth Edition of AP-42 Volume I, new or revised emissions data are presented for Anthracite Coal Combustion; Natural Gas Combustion; Liquified Petroleum Gas Combustion; Wood Waste Combustion In Boilers; Bagasse Combustion In Sugar Mills; Residential Fireplaces; Residential Wood Stoves; Waste Oil Combustion; Automobile Body Incineration; Conical Burners; Open Burning; Stationary Gas Turbines for Electricity Generation; Heavy Duty Natural Gas Fired Pipeline Compressor Engines; Gasoline and Diesel Industrial Engines; Large Stationary Diesel and All Stationary Dual Fuel Engines; Soap and Detergents; and Storage of Organic Liquids.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

BSEL BioProducts, Sciences, and Engineering Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. . To develop and transform abundant and renewable bioresources through targeted research, development, demonstration and commercialization of bioproducts, bioprocesses and bioenergy supported by a wide variety of public and private partnerships. 2. To provide a quality and rigorous education in the sciences and engineering required to conduct an active program of research, discovery and commercialization while integrating the teaching and research missions. You are here Statement from US Department of Energy Current technology: Starch-based ethanol Biomass: Corn, grain, sugar Technology under implementation: Lignocellulose based ethanol Residues and waste: Corn stover, straw, bagasse, wood, garden refuges etc. Cellulose Hemicellulose

457

A Basic, and Slightly Acidic, Solution to Hydrogen Storage | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Basic, and Slightly Acidic, Solution to Hydrogen Storage A Basic, and Slightly Acidic, Solution to Hydrogen Storage A Basic, and Slightly Acidic, Solution to Hydrogen Storage March 23, 2012 - 2:17pm Addthis Brookhaven researchers Etsuko Fujita, Jonathan Hull, and James Muckerman developed a new catalyst that reversibly converts hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide to a liquid under very mild conditions. Their findings were published in the March 18th issue of Nature Chemistry. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Lab. Brookhaven researchers Etsuko Fujita, Jonathan Hull, and James Muckerman developed a new catalyst that reversibly converts hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide to a liquid under very mild conditions. Their findings were published in the March 18th issue of Nature Chemistry. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Lab.

458

MHK Technologies/Navatek WEC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WEC WEC < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Navatek WEC.png Technology Profile Primary Organization Navatek Ltd Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The Navatek WEC was developed using in house expertise gained through a decade of research into the design construction and at sea testing of advanced ship hull prototypes for the Office of Naval Research and other customers The same sophisticated hydrodynamics motions tools used to design ship hulls with reduced motions were applied in reverse to develop a WEC with enhanced motions for greater energy capture Navatek is currently looking at system aspects of proposed energy farms using this WEC device together with novel concepts for associated energy storage

459

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Traci Rodosta Traci Rodosta Carbon Storage Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road PO Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-1345 traci.rodosta@netl.doe.gov Joshua Hull Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-0906 joshua.hull@netl.doe.gov Erik Westman Principal Investigator Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 100 Holden Hall Blacksburg, VA 24061 540-0231-7510 Fax: 540-231-4070 ewestman@vt.edu PROJECT DURATION Start Date End Date 12/01/2009 12/31/2012 COST Total Project Value $257,818 DOE/Non-DOE Share $248,441 / $9,377 Government funding for this project is provided in whole or in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. P R OJ E C T FAC T

460

MHK Technologies/Trondheim Point Absorber | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trondheim Point Absorber Trondheim Point Absorber < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Trondheim Point Absorber.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Norwegian University of Science and Technology CONWEC AS Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The floating buoy can oscillate along a strut that at its lower end is connected to a universal joint on an anchor on the sea bed The water depth which depends on the tide is in the range of 4 to 7 m On the top of the hull the latching mechanism and one of the guiding roller units are visible As the bottom of the hull is open sea water is flowing into and out from an inner chamber where the water surface acts as the piston of an air pump

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 28150 of 28,904 results. 41 - 28150 of 28,904 results. Download CX-005200: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hull Offshore Wind Research and Development CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 02/16/2011 Location(s): Hull, Massachusetts Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005200-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-005268: Categorical Exclusion Determination Iowa-City-Davenport CX(s) Applied: A9, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 02/10/2011 Location(s): Davenport, Iowa Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005268-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-006366: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wisconsin-City-Oshkosh CX(s) Applied: A9, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 03/05/2010 Location(s): Oshkosh, Wisconsin

462

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 CX-005200: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hull Offshore Wind Research and Development CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 02/16/2011 Location(s): Hull, Massachusetts Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 16, 2011 CX-005199: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of Molten-Salt Heat Transfer Fluid Technology for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 02/16/2011 Location(s): Lakewood, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 16, 2011 CX-005198: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of Molten-Salt Heat Transfer Fluid Technology for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 02/16/2011 Location(s): Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

463

3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE 3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed "calibration" part illustrates some of the versatility of 3D printing. Photo: Jason Richards (hi-res image) Things have come a long way since the mid-1980s when 3D Systems cofounder Chuck Hull worked out the technology to print objects in three dimensions, one very thin layer at a time. Hull called his new technology "stereolithography." In it, a guided beam of ultraviolet light is focused on a vat of liquid polymer, solidifying areas where it hits. When one layer is complete, the

464

U.S. DEPAR.TlVIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT M_t\NAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TlVIENT OF ENERGY TlVIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT M_t\NAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETEIUJ.IINATION Page 1 of3 REClPIENT:Hull Municipal Light Plant STATE: MA PROJECT TITLE: Hull Municipal Light Plant Offshore Wind Project Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number COP DE-EE0000326 GF0-0000326-002 G0326 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1 A), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering, analysis, and dissemination 83.1 Site characterization and environmental monitoring Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, site visits, and audits),

465

MHL Free Surface Channel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHL Free Surface Channel MHL Free Surface Channel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name MHL Free Surface Channel Overseeing Organization University of Michigan Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Channel Beam(m) 1.0 Depth(m) 0.6 Cost(per day) $2000 (+ Labor/Materials) Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 2 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 2 Recirculating No Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description Custom Data Acquisition System using National Instruments hardware; system compatible with Planing Hull and Floating Beam Dynamometers Custom Data Acquisition System using National Instruments hardware; system compatible with Planing Hull and Floating Beam Dynamometers

466

Design features and availability of liquefied gas carriers  

SciTech Connect

A discussion covers the growth of seaborne LPG trade, various designs of liquefied gas carriers (independent tank, of semimembrane, and integral tank) for the transportation of LPG within the framework of the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) code as well as U.S. Coast Guard regulations including insulation systems, ballast storage between the cargo tank and the hull, and methods by which the cargo tank either supports the weight of the cargo or transfers it to the hull; the development of the world liquefied gas carrier fleet including pressurized ships, combination ships (which can carry cargo either partially or fully pressurized and/or fully refrigerated) and the fully refrigerated ships; new design developments; tanker availability; and their economic impact on the transportation costs of seaborne LPG.

Rasch, J.M.B.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Central ballast tanker design  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER Design. This design is intended to reduce the volume of oil spilled from tankers by giving the crew a tanker properly designed and equipped to allow large quantities of oil from ruptured tank(s) to flow safely to a fully-inerted central ballast tank. In addition to reducing the volume of oil spilled, the design also addresses many of the shortcomings of the DOUBLE HULL DESIGN which are increasingly becoming a concern. The following is a brief review of the development of the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER. The simple operational features, stability, low cost and ease of maintenance of the single hull tanker were important and can be retained with the CENTRAL BALLAST DESIGN.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

On the Facets of Mixed Integer Programs with Two Integer Variables and Two Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Facult??e des Sciences de Luminy, Universit??e de Marseille, France gc0v@andrew.cmu.edu and Fran­integer­variable linear program with two constraints x = f + # k j=1 r j s j x # Z 2 s # R k + (1) where f # Q 2 \\Z 2 , k # 1, and r j # Q 2 \\{0}. Let R f (r 1 , . . . , r k ) be the convex hull of all vectors

Cornuejols, Gerard P.

471

Raising and lowering operators, factorization and differential/difference operators of hypergeometric type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from Rodrigues formula we present a general construction of raising and lowering operators for orthogonal polynomials of continuous and discrete variable on uniform lattice. In order to have these operators mutually adjoint we introduce orthonormal functions with respect to the scalar product of unit weight. Using the Infeld-Hull factorization method, we generate from the raising and lowering operators the second order self-adjoint differential/difference operator of hypergeometric type.

M. Lorente

2004-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

Developing researchers in the arts and humanities: lessons from a pilot programme to develop discipline-specific research skills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s golden triangle of Oxford, Cambridge and London), and its geographical convenience for the Subject Centre for PRS (whose principal base is at the University of Leeds). We then repeated the needs analysis in our pilot region in 2005, in order... in our pilot programme: Durham University (Philosophy; Theology and Religion); University of Hull (Philosophy; Theology); University of Leeds (Philosophy; Theology and Religious Studies); University of Sheffield (Biblical Studies; Philosophy); University...

Saunders, Clare

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Anodizing Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Typical products for which anodizing is used in final finishing...ft by 7 by 4 6063-T6 (d) Sulfuric acid (e) Seal, lacquer (f) Urban atmosphere Name plates Various sizes Various sizes 3003??1114 (g) Sulfuric acid Dye, seal Atmospheric exposure Percolator shell 125 mm diam by 150 5 in. diam by 6 ? Buff, chemical brighten Sulfuric acid Seal Coffee Seaplane-hull skin 2850...

474

Multi-tiered sensing and data processing for monitoring ship structures  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive structural health monitoring (SHM) system is a critical mechanism to ensure hull integrity and evaluate structural performance over the life of a ship, especially for lightweight high-speed ships. One of the most important functions of a SHM system is to provide real-time performance guidance and reduce the risk of structural damage during operations at sea. This is done by continuous feedback from onboard sensors providing measurements of seaway loads and structural responses. Applications of SHM should also include diagnostic capabilities such as identifying the presence of damage, assessing the location and extent of damage when it does occur in order to plan for future inspection and maintenance. The development of such SHM systems is extremely challenging because of the physical size of these structures, the widely varying and often extreme operational and environmental conditions associated with the missions of high performance ships, the lack of data from known damage conditions, the limited sensing that was not designed specifically for SHM, the management of the vast amounts of data, and the need for continued, real-time data processing. This paper will discuss some of these challenges and several outstanding issues that need to be addressed in the context of applying various SHM approaches to sea trials data measured on an aluminum high-speed catamaran, the HSV-2 Swift. A multi-tiered approach for sensing and data processing will be discussed as potential SHM architecture for future shipboard application. This approach will involve application of low cost and dense sensor arrays such as wireless communications in selected areas of the ship hull in addition to conventional sensors measuring global structural response of the ship. A recent wireless hull monitoring demo on FSF-I SeaFighter will be discussed as an example to show how this proposed architecture is a viable approach for long-term and real-time hull monitoring.

Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salvino, Liming [NSWCCD; Lynch, Jerome [UNIV. OF MICHIGAN; Brady, Thomas [NSWCCD

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The potential for renewable energy technologies in the rural postharvest food system in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This report examines energy demand and potential renewable energy technologies for postharvest food processing with particular emphasis on technologies related to grain. Postharvest activities (harvesting, drying, threshing, winnowing, shelling, hulling, grinding, storage, refrigeration, canning, cooking) and the techniques used in these activities are explored. Possible renewable sources include fuelwood, charcoal, solar cookers, ovens, and crop dryers, photovoltaics, animal draft, pedal power, wind power, hydropower, biogas, and alcohol fuels; some of these, it is noted, also have potential applicability beyond postharvest activities.

Lindblad, C.J.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The western river steamboat: structure and machinery, 1811 to 1860  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The western river steamboat contained the technology that transformed the trans-Appalachian West from a wilderness to an economically significant region of the country. The following study explores the origin and development of this important steamboat type by analyzing archaeological data and historic sources. This information is used to create a thorough study of steamboat construction and machinery. The first steamboat on the western rivers was built by Robert Fulton in 1811. In the next decade many steamboats followed, but these vessels were not well-adapted to the shallow and swift rivers. Typically these steamboats had deep-drafted, stoutly constructed hulls, heavy low-pressure condensing engines, and many other features akin to ocean-going watercraft. In the 1820s, shipwrights began to adapt steamboat hull form and machinery to the river conditions. By the close of this decade the high-pressure engine was universally adopted for use on western steamboats because of its power, light weight, low cost, and ease of repair. Advancements in propulsion machinery were paralleled by the construction of shallow, flat-bottomed hulls and multiple decks rising high above the waterline. In the late 1830s or early 1840s, the construction of steamboats was materially advanced with the invention of hogging chains. These long iron rods prevented steamboat hulls from hogging or sagging, thereby allowing shipwrights to build vessels with lighter timbers, further reducing vessel draft. The first section of this thesis introduces the reader to the subject and outlines the sources consulted for this study, while Sections II and III present the historic context necessary for understanding the western river steamboat's historic importance. Sections IV through VI contain a detailed analysis of steamboat structure and machinery divided into chronological periods. Conclusions are presented in Section VII. Appendices include a table quantifying steamboat construction on western rivers and a table of measurements from steamboats that plied the Ohio River in 1850.

Kane, Adam Isaac

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July-September 2007 July-September 2007 Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Submitted by: Rice University University of Houston George J. Hirasaki Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Phone: 713-348-5416; FAX: 713-348-5478; Email: gjh@rice.edu Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory December, 2007 Office of Fossil Energy Table of Contents DOE Methane Hydrate Program Peer Review.................................................. 3 Task 5: Carbon Inputs and Outputs to Gas Hydrate Systems ........................... 3 Task 6: Numerical Models for Quantification of Hydrate and Free Gas Accumulations....................................................................................................

478

Modular OTEC platforms, SKSS designs. Volume I. Executive summary. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One of the possible options for generating electrical energy from ocean thermal gradients requires the use of a floating offshore platform. The platform would contain all OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) systems and power cycle components and consist of the hull, seawater, station-keeping, platform service, and mission support subsystems. It would be stationed at one of the designated OTEC sites, and would transmit the generated electricity to the shore power networks by means of an electrical transmission cable. The objective of the present study is to investigate the station-keeping subsystem (SKSS) requirements and develop preliminary SKSS designs for the two Modular Experiment Plant (MEP) candidates of 10/40 MW/sub e/ capacity for deployment at a specific site. The two MEP hull candidates are a Barge type platform and a Spar shaped hull with external heat exchangers. The specific site assigned for this study is Puerto Rico. The preliminary SKSS designs are developed for both platforms as follows: (1) an 8-leg spread catenary mooring system for the Spar, and (2) a 12-leg spread catenary mooring system for the Barge. Applicability of these designs to larger capacity commercial OTEC platforms is also investigated.

None

1980-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

479

The need for rotational margins in intensity-modulated radiotherapy and a new method for planning target volume design  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The effect of rotational errors on the coverage of clinical target volumes (CTVs) is examined. A new planning target volume (PTV) construction that considers the individual paths traced by movements of the target boundary points is developed. Methods and Materials: A standard uniform margin expansion was compared with a PTV constructed from the space swept out by a concave moving target. A new method formed the PTV by aggregating the separate convex hulls taken of the positions of the individual target boundary points in a sampling of CTV displacements. Results: A 0.5-cm uniform margin adequate for translations was inadequate given CTV rotation about a fixed off-center axis. A PTV formed of the target's swept-out area was 22% smaller than needed for coverage by a uniform margin, but computationally is not readily extended to translations combined with rotations about a shifting axis. Forming instead the union of convex hulls of the boundary points in a sampling of CTV displacements represented these movements in the PTV design and retained the target's concave shape. Conclusions: Planning target volumes should accommodate target rotation. The union of convex hulls of the boundary point positions in a sampling of displacements can effectively represent multiple sources of deviations while preserving target concavities.

Langer, Mark Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)]. E-mail: mlanger@iupui.edu; Papiez, Lech [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Spirydovich, Siarhei [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Thai, Van [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The Batavia shipwreck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Batavia, a Dutch East Indiaman, sank in 1629 on its maiden voyage to the Indies in the Houtman Abrolhos Archipelago off the coast of Western Australia. The ship gained notoriety for the mutiny and horrific massacre that engulfed the survivors after the wreck, but the vessel itself was lost for centuries. The remains of the ship were discovered in 1963, and excavated between 1971 and 1980 by a team of archaeologists from the Western Australian Museum. The surviving hull timbers, raised from the seabed by archaeologists, represent approximately 3.5 percent of the original hull. They include part of the transom and aft port quarter of the ship. To date, Batavia represents the only excavated remains of an early seventeenthcentury Dutch East Indiaman that have been raised and conserved in a way that permits detailed study. This is of great significance as there are no lines drawings or construction plans for any Dutch ships from this period. The study and comparison of the Batavia hull timbers with those of other Dutch shipwrecks and historic documentation contributes to the understanding of Dutch shipbuilding techniques at the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth centuries.

Van Duivenvoorde, Wendy

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bagasse rice hulls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

http://www.oha.doe.gov/cases/eia/vee0035.htm  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 March 21, 1997 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Application for Exception Name of Petitioner: Rice Oil Company, Inc. Date of Filing: October 22, 1996 Case Number: VEE-0035 On October 22, 1996, Rice Oil Company, Inc. (Rice) of Greenfield, Massachusetts filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its Application, Rice requests that it be relieved of the requirement to file Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA- 782B), and Form EIA-821, entitled "Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report". I. Background The EIA-782B reporting requirement grew out of the shortages of crude oil and petroleum products during the 1970s. In 1979,

482

Clean Cities: State of Maryland Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State of Maryland Clean Cities Coalition State of Maryland Clean Cities Coalition The State of Maryland Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. State of Maryland Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Chris Rice 410-260-7207 crice@energy.state.md.us Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Chris Rice Photo of Chris Rice Christopher Rice manages the Transportation and Clean Cities programs for the Maryland Energy Administration. He's currently working with the Maryland Public Service Commission on the regulatory treatment of electric vehicle re-charging stations. He is also working with the Maryland Department of Transportation to establish the Maryland Electric Vehicle Council and the implementation of the Electric Vehicle Excise Tax Credit

483

Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oil & Natural Gas Technology Oil & Natural Gas Technology DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-06NT42960 Quarterly Progress Report Reporting Period: April-June 2007 Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Submitted by: Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August, 2007 Office of Fossil Energy Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Quarterly Progress Report Reporting Period: April-June 2007 Prepared by: George Hirasaki Rice University August 2007 CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26-06NT42960 Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Phone: 713-348-5416; Fax: 713-348-5478; Email: gjh@rice.edu

484

Predation efficiency of Anopheles gambiae larvae by aquatic predators in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gambiae s.s larvae in western Kenya are being reported hereP. O. Box 1578, Kisumu 40100, Kenya. 2 Kilimanjaro ChristianAnopheles gambiae complex in Kenya: comparison between rice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for rice straw. In Bioenergy 2002. Madison, WI: Omnipresswashed straw. Biomass and Bioenergy 10 (4):177-200. Kaffka,gasification. Biomass and Bioenergy Turner, B.T. , R.J.

Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for rice straw. In Bioenergy 2002. Madison, WI: Omnipresscost scaling. Biomass and Bioenergy 13 (1/2):1-9. . 2005.washed straw. Biomass and Bioenergy 10 (4):177-200. Kaffka,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Rf2a and rf2b transcription factors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of activating the rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) promoter in vivo is disclosed. The RTBV promoter is activated by exposure to at least one protein selected from the group consisting of Rf2a and Rf2b.

Beachy, Roger N. (St. Louis, MO); Petruccelli, Silvana (La Plata, AR); Dai, Shunhong (St. Louis, MO)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

488

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

60 + IncentiveCont2Dept Maryland Energy Administration + IncentiveCont2Email crice@energy.state.md.us + IncentiveCont2Name Chris Rice + IncentiveCont2Phone 410-260-7655 +...

489

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research, alcator, publications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Comparisons with GYRO E. Marmar Alcator C-Mod Research Highlights J. Rice Counter-Current Rotation in Alcator C-Mod LHCD Plasmas M. Reinke Flux Surface Assymetries in VUVSXR...

490

O ecossistema orizcola na Guin-Bissau: principais constrangimentos produo na Zona I (Regies de Biombo, Cacheu e Oio) e perspectivas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work aims to demonstrate how the real socio-economic and cultural influences to the production of rice in Guinea-Bissau, particularly in Zone I, which includes (more)

Medina, Namb

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

A search for gamma ray burst neutrinos using the Radio Ice Cherenkov Experiment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Radio Ice Cherenkov Experiment(RICE) located at the South Pole, is designed to detect the coherent broad-band radio Cherenkov radiation emitted when a high energy (more)

Harris, Pauline Lisa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Department of AgricultureDepartment of Agriculture and Human Ecologyand Human Ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. Copper cathodes.. Gold dust and.. Abstract painting.. Wholesale ed hardy.. Abstract painting2 Abstract booms on Chinese demand Vietnam joins race for biofuel Rice that can survive flooding More Explore

Noakes, David R.

493

Thermodynamics of Icing Cylinder for Measurements of Liquid Water Content in Supercooled Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rosemount Icing Detector (RICE) has been used extensively over the last three decades for aircraft measurements of the rate of ice riming in supercooled liquid and mixed clouds. Because of difficulties related to calibration and ...

I. P. Mazin; A. V. Korolev; A. Heymsfield; G. A. Isaac; S. G. Cober

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Fermilab Today  

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Menu Chez Leon Friday, Feb. 18 - Closed Wednesday, Feb. 23 Lunch - Broiled tilapia with Thai coconut curry sauce - Jasmine rice - Tropical coconut cake Chez Leon Menu Call x3524 to...

495

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Mandarin orange and red-onion salad - Grilled mahi mahi w tomatillo-avocado salsa - Thai rice pilaf - Coconut cake Chez Leon Menu Call x3524 to make your reservation. Archives...

496

Market analysis of second-generation bioethanol in Vietnam : implication for business options.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the countrys moonsoon weather, Vietnam has ideal conditions for agriculture such as rice, sugar cane, maize, and has long been well-known for being the (more)

Vo Trieu Le Thao, Iva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Production of Methane Hydrate Phase 2 Rice University & University of Houston George J. Hirasaki, Lead PI CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26-05NT42960 NETL Project Manager: Kelly Rose...

498

Environmental Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four Cambodias CDM projects have been registered at the CDM Executive Board: rice husk biomass cogeneration project in Kandal Province; biogas project at tapioca starch factory in

Lao Pdr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Interdigitated Antennas for Broadband Terahertz Generation Mitch Connolly,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japan Program, Rice University, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. 2 Femtosecond Spectroscopy Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Okinawa, Japan The terahertz (THz) feild has become a hot topic for many

500

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secon Level 3 Cafeteria Thursday, March 3 Minnesota Wild Rice with Chicken Soup Tuna Melt on Nine Grain 4.75 Breaded Veal with Mushroom Cream Sauce 3.75 Sweet & Sour Pork...