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1

BASF's Energy Survey Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BASF?s Energy Survey Methodology Thomas R. Theising BASF Corporation operates several dozen manufacturing Sites within NAFTA and periodically conducts Energy Surveys at each Site. Although these manufacturing sites represent a variety.... Brainstorming activities always follow the walk-through time to capture as many findings as possible. A ranking process is then applied to extract those 20% of the ideas worth the bulk of the savings. A methodology of developing quick economics is applied...

Theising, T. R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Electronic Survey Methodology Page 1 Electronic Survey Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electronic Survey Methodology Page 1 Electronic Survey Methodology: A Case Study in Reaching Hard, Maryland preece@umbc.edu 2002 © Andrews, Nonnecke and Preece #12;Electronic Survey Methodology Page 2 Conducting Research on the Internet: Electronic survey Design, Development and Implementation Guidelines

Nonnecke, Blair

3

National Seafood Consumption Survey: Overview of Survey Methodology & Implementation Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Seafood Consumption Survey: Overview of Survey Methodology & Implementation Strategy Methodology The primary objective of NOAA Fisheries National Seafood Consumption Survey was to gather information about people's purchase and consumption behaviors of various seafood products. These behavioral

4

Survey Background and Technical Information on CBECS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background The commercial sector encompasses a vast range of building types- service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as certain buildings that would not be considered "commercial" in a traditional economic sense, such as public and private schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The 2003 CBECS was the eighth survey in the series begun in 1979. From 1979 to 1986, the survey was known as the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey, or NBECS.

5

E-Survey Methodology Karen J. Jansen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter I E-Survey Methodology Karen J. Jansen The Pennsylvania State University, USA Kevin G. Corley Arizona State University, USA Bernard J. Jansen The Pennsylvania State University, USA Copyright Academy of Management Annual Meeting (Corley & Jansen, 2000). We define an electronic survey as one

Jansen, James

6

Blood vessel segmentation methodologies in retinal images - A survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Retinal vessel segmentation algorithms are a fundamental component of automatic retinal disease screening systems. This work examines the blood vessel segmentation methodologies in two dimensional retinal images acquired from a fundus camera and a survey ... Keywords: Blood vessel segmentation, Image segmentation, Medical imaging, Retinal images, Retinopathy, Survey

M. M. Fraz; P. Remagnino; A. Hoppe; B. Uyyanonvara; A. R. Rudnicka; C. G. Owen; S. A. Barman

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Explanatory Notes Explanatory Notes The EIA-782 Surveys Background  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Explanatory Notes Explanatory Notes The EIA-782 Surveys Background The EIA-782 surveys were implemented in 1983 to fulfill the data requirements necessary to meet En- ergy Information Administration (EIA) legislative mandates and user community data needs. The re- quirements include petroleum product price, market distribution, demand (or sales), and product supply data, which are needed for a complete evaluation of petroleum market performance. The EIA-782 series includes the Form EIA-782A, "Refiners'/Gas Plant Operators' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Re- port"; Form EIA-782B, "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report"; and Form EIA- 782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption."

8

Survey of Transmission Cost Allocation Methodologies for Regional Transmission Organizations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report presents transmission cost allocation methodologies for reliability transmission projects, generation interconnection, and economic transmission projects for all Regional Transmission Organizations.

Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Mudd, C.; Rogers, J.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

BACKGROUND  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BACKGROUND The safe and environmentally conscious performance of work is a fundamental core value of the Hanford Advisory Board. The Department of Energy (DOE) in seeking to move...

10

BACKGROUND  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Medical Coordination Emergency Medical Coordination Memorandum of Agreement at Brookhaven National Laboratory DOE/IG-0594 March 2003 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 March 3 1,2003 FROM: Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on Inspection of "Emergency Medical Coordination Memorandum of Agreement at Brookhaven National Laboratory" BACKGROUND Because of possible exposure to radioactive and hazardous materials and the potential for industrial accidents at Department of Energy (DOE) sites, the Department has established formalized agreements with local emergency medical providers. These arrangements are generally documented through memoranda of agreements (MOAs). These documents detail the m u

11

Background  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

explains the potential health hazards associated with air quality related to the removal and storage of explains the potential health hazards associated with air quality related to the removal and storage of mill tailings and other contaminated materials. Background From 1942 to 1960, uranium ore was processed at the Monticello mill in southeast Utah. When the mill was closed, approximately 2.3 million cubic yards of low-level radioactive mill tailings, contaminated soil, and other miscellaneous debris remained on the site. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office, in conjunction with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the State of Utah, is conducting the cleanup of the millsite and more than 400 area homes and businesses contaminated with mill tailings. The purpose of the cleanup is to minimize risks to the public and the

12

Background  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Format for the one pager: Report Statement/Recommendation Format for the one pager: Report Statement/Recommendation Background Pros/Cons discussion We would like to see good drafts by noon. 3/30/01. 11 circulate them as soon as I get them in. Any questions, give me a call. 456-7874 Charlie ___ ___ _8171 DOE015-1514 Martin, Adrienne ^ From: Anderson, Margot / / Sent: Thursday, March 29, 2001 723 PM To: 'Andrew D. Lundquisltovp.eop.gov%intemet' Subject: RE: 1 spoke with Charlie and we got it fixed. Thanksl -Original Message- From: Andrew D. Lundquist@ovp.eop.gov%intemet Imailto:Andrew D. Lundquistovp.eop.gov] Sent: Thursday March 29, 2001 7:18 PM To: Anderson. Margot Cc: Kelliher, Joseph; Kolevar, Kevin; Charles M. Smthovp.egov%htemet; Juleanna FR GOovsWeovp.eop.gov%intemet 'kmurphyiosec.doc.gov%intemet 'dina.eisOdo.treas.gov%intemer;

13

Background  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Patent Rights in the New Patent Rights in the New Independent States (NIS) of the Former Soviet Union for Inventions made by NIS institutes' employeess in the course of or under agreements entered into pursuant to the Fiscal Year 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act (P.L. 103- 87). W(C) 94-001 Background The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the drastic reductions in defense spending by the NIS have created an extremely difficult situation for the scientists and engineers who are responsible for the former Soviet Union's defense technology base. It is estimated that there are several tens of thousands of such scientists and engineers; they possess critical technical knowledge about weapons of mass destruction and are underemployed and undercompensated, and consequently, could contribute to

14

Synoptic Sky Surveys and the Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background: Removing Astrophysical Uncertainties and Revealing Invisible Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cumulative (anti)neutrino production from all core-collapse supernovae within our cosmic horizon gives rise to the diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB), which is on the verge of detectability. The observed flux depends on supernova physics, but also on the cosmic history of supernova explosions; currently, the cosmic supernova rate introduces a substantial (+/-40%) uncertainty, largely through its absolute normalization. However, a new class of wide-field, repeated-scan (synoptic) optical sky surveys is coming online, and will map the sky in the time domain with unprecedented depth, completeness, and dynamic range. We show that these surveys will obtain the cosmic supernova rate by direct counting, in an unbiased way and with high statistics, and thus will allow for precise predictions of the DSNB. Upcoming sky surveys will substantially reduce the uncertainties in the DSNB source history to an anticipated +/-5% that is dominated by systematics, so that the observed high-energy flux thus will test supernova neutrino physics. The portion of the universe (z invisible supernovae, which may be unseen either due to unexpected large dust obscuration in host galaxies, or because some core-collapse events proceed directly to black hole formation and fail to give an optical outburst.

Amy Lien; Brian D. Fields; John F. Beacom

2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Development of residential-conservation-survey methodology for the US Air Force. Interim report. Task two  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A US Air Force (USAF) Residential Energy Conservation Methodology was developed to compare USAF needs and available data to the procedures of the Residential Conservation Service (RCS) program as developed for general use by utility companies serving civilian customers. Attention was given to the data implications related to group housing, climatic data requirements, life-cycle cost analysis, energy saving modifications beyond those covered by RCS, and methods for utilizing existing energy consumption data in approaching the USAF survey program. Detailed information and summaries are given on the five subtasks of the program. Energy conservation alternatives are listed and the basic analysis techniques to be used in evaluating their thermal performane are described. (MCW)

Abrams, D. W.; Hartman, T. L.; Lau, A. S.

1981-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Origin of the Cosmic Soft X-Ray Background: Optical Identification of an Extremely Deep ROSAT Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of the deepest optically identified X-ray survey yet made. The X-ray survey was made with the ROSAT PSPC and reaches a flux limit of 1.6x10^-15 erg cm^-2 s^-1 (0.5--2.0 keV). Above a flux limit of 2x10^-15 erg cm^-2 s^-1 we define a complete sample of 70 sources of which 59 are identified. Some (5) other sources have tentative identifications and in a further 4 the X-ray error-boxes are blank to R=23 mag. At the brighter flux levels (>= 10^-14 erg cm^-2 s^-1) we confirm the results of previous less deep X-ray surveys with 84% of the sources begin QSOs. At fainter fluxes, however, the survey is dominated by a population of galaxies with narrow optical emission lines (NELGs). In addition, a number of groups and clusters of galaxies are found at intermediate fluxes. Most of these are poor systems of low X-ray luminosity and are generally found at redshifts of > 0.3. Their numbers are consistent with a zero evolutionary scenario, in contrast to the situation for high luminosity clusters at the same redshift. We discuss the significance of these results to the determination of the cosmic soft X-ray background (XRB) and show that at 2x10^-15 erg cm^-2 s^-1, we have resolved more than 50% of the background. We also briefly consider the probable importance of NELG objects to the residual background and look at some of the properties of these unusual objects.

I. M. McHardy; L. R. Jones; M. R. Merrifield; K. O. Mason; R. G. Abraham; A. M. Newsam; G. B. Dalton; F. Carrera; P. J. Smith; M. Rowan-Robinson; G. A. Wegner; T. J. Ponman; H. J. Lehto; G. Branduardi-Raymont; G. A. Luppino; G. Efstathiou; D. J. Allan; J. J. Quenby

1997-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

17

Methodology for Validating Building Energy Analysis Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report was to develop a validation methodology for building energy analysis simulations, collect high-quality, unambiguous empirical data for validation, and apply the validation methodology to the DOE-2.1, BLAST-2MRT, BLAST-3.0, DEROB-3, DEROB-4, and SUNCAT 2.4 computer programs. This report covers background information, literature survey, validation methodology, comparative studies, analytical verification, empirical validation, comparative evaluation of codes, and conclusions.

Judkoff, R.; Wortman, D.; O'Doherty, B.; Burch, J.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

US National Climate Assessment (NCA) Scenarios for Assessing Our Climate Future: Issues and Methodological Perspectives Background Whitepaper for Participants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This whitepaper is intended to provide a starting point for discussion at a workshop for the National Climate Assessment (NCA) that focuses on the use and development of scenarios. The paper will provide background needed by participants in the workshop in order to review options for developing and using scenarios in NCA. The paper briefly defines key terms and establishes a conceptual framework for developing consistent scenarios across different end uses and spatial scales. It reviews uses of scenarios in past U.S. national assessments and identifies potential users of and needs for scenarios for both the report scheduled for release in June 2013 and to support an ongoing distributed assessment process in sectors and regions around the country. Because scenarios prepared for the NCA will need to leverage existing research, the paper takes account of recent scientific advances and activities that could provide needed inputs. Finally, it considers potential approaches for providing methods, data, and other tools for assessment participants. We note that the term 'scenarios' has many meanings. An important goal of the whitepaper (and portions of the workshop agenda) is pedagogical (i.e., to compare different meanings and uses of the term and make assessment participants aware of the need to be explicit about types and uses of scenarios). In climate change research, scenarios have been used to establish bounds for future climate conditions and resulting effects on human and natural systems, given a defined level of greenhouse gas emissions. This quasi-predictive use contrasts with the way decision analysts typically use scenarios (i.e., to consider how robust alternative decisions or strategies may be to variation in key aspects of the future that are uncertain). As will be discussed, in climate change research and assessment, scenarios describe a range of aspects of the future, including major driving forces (both human activities and natural processes), changes in climate and related environmental conditions (e.g., sea level), and evolution of societal capability to respond to climate change. This wide range of scenarios is needed because the implications of climate change for the environment and society depend not only on changes in climate themselves, but also on human responses. This degree of breadth introduces and number of challenges for communication and research.

Moss, Richard H.; Engle, Nathan L.; Hall, John; Jacobs, Kathy; Lempert, Rob; Mearns, L. O.; Melillo, Jerry; Mote, Phil; O'Brien, Sheila; Rosenzweig, C.; Ruane, Alex; Sheppard, Stephen; Vallario, Robert W.; Wiek, Arnim; Wilbanks, Thomas

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

DOE Challenge Home Label Methodology  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

October 2012 1 October 2012 1 Label Methodology DOE Challenge Home Label Methodology October 2012 DOE Challenge Home October 2012 2 Label Methodology Contents Background ............................................................................................................................................... 3 Methodology ............................................................................................................................................. 5 Comfort/Quiet .......................................................................................................................................... 5 Healthy Living ........................................................................................................................................... 7

20

Cogeneration Assessment Methodology for Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A methodology is presented that enables electric utilities to assess the cogeneration potential among industrial, commercial, and institutional customers within the utility's service area. The methodology includes a survey design, analytic...

Sedlik, B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cross-correlation of the cosmic microwave background with the 2MASS galaxy survey: Signatures of dark energy, hot gas, and point sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We cross-correlate the cosmic microwave background temperature anisotropies observed by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) with the projected distribution of extended sources in the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). By modeling the theoretical expectation for this signal, we extract the signatures of dark energy [integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect (ISW)], hot gas [thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect], and microwave point sources in the cross-correlation. Our strongest signal is the thermal SZ, at the 3.1–3.7? level, which is consistent with the theoretical prediction based on observations of x-ray clusters. We also see the ISW signal at the 2.5? level, which is consistent with the expected value for the concordance ?CDM cosmology, and is an independent signature of the presence of dark energy in the Universe. Finally, we see the signature of microwave point sources at the 2.7? level.

Niayesh Afshordi; Yeong-Shang Loh; Michael A. Strauss

2004-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

22

Legal Background  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Legal Background Legal Background Book 1 . . Project Rulison :.Contract: . . AEC, Austral Oil Company, and CER Geonuclear Corporation, . . . . , . . . . , . . February 1969 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. PROJECT RULISON CONTRACT NO. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPRESENTED BY THE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION and THE DEPARTMENT. OF THE INTERIOR and AUSTRAL OIL COMPANY INCORPORATED and CER GEONUCLEAR CORPORATION Prepared by OFFICE OF THE CHIEF COUNSEL NEVADA OPERATIONS OFFICE FEBRUARY 1969 This page intentionally left blank UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION . NEVADA OPERATIONS OFFICE TABLE OF CONTENTS VII VIII XV XVI XVII SUBJECT - PAGE Definitions 2 Description of Project ~ulisdn 3

23

A SURVEY OF H{sub 2}O, CO{sub 2}, AND CO ICE FEATURES TOWARD BACKGROUND STARS AND LOW-MASS YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS USING AKARI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present near-infrared spectroscopic observations of 19 molecular clouds made using the AKARI satellite, and the data reduction pipeline written to analyze those observations. The 2.5-5 ?m spectra of 30 objects—22 field stars behind quiescent molecular clouds and 8 low-mass young stellar objects in cores—were successfully extracted using the pipeline. Those spectra are further analyzed to calculate the column densities of key solid phase molecular species, including H{sub 2}O, CO{sub 2}, CO, and OCN{sup –}. The profile of the H{sub 2}O ice band is seen to vary across the objects observed and we suggest that the extended red wing may be an evolutionary indicator of both dust and ice mantle properties. The observation of 22 spectra with fluxes as low as < 5 mJy toward background stars, including 15 where the column densities of H{sub 2}O, CO, and CO{sub 2} were calculated, provides valuable data that could help to benchmark the initial conditions in star-forming regions prior to the onset of star formation.

Noble, J. A. [Aix-Marseille Université, PIIM UMR 7345, F-13397 Marseille (France); Fraser, H. J. [Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Aikawa, Y. [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Pontoppidan, K. M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Sakon, I., E-mail: helen.fraser@open.ac.uk [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0003 (Japan)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

CMVRTC: Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

newsletters newsletters contacts tools latest news 12.05.2013 Next Quarterly meeting scheduled for February 19, 2014 (10 a.m. - 12 p.m. ET). read more ... More information CMVRTC Showcase Events CMVRTC Poster Sessions Related Projects Heavy Truck Duty Cycle Medium Truck Duty Cycle Fuel Tax Evasion Other technical director For more information, please contact Gary Capps, Technical Director, at cappsgj@ornl.gov or (865) 946-1285. Background Introduction Vision cmvrtc poster Benefits Technology Transfer Introduction The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) launched the Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC) on August 7, 2007, in partnership with the Tennessee Departments of Safety and Transportation, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the

25

2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building Methodology Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology Report Main Report | Methodology Report Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Data Collection The data in the Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007 report and accompanying tables were collected in the 2007 round of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). CBECS is a quadrennial survey is conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide basic statistical information about energy consumption and expenditures in United States commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings. The survey was conducted in two phases, the Building Characteristics Survey and the Energy Supplier Survey. The Building Characteristics Survey collects information about selected

26

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- CBECS Survey Background...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

energy; Wind generation; Other Presence of: Passive solar features; Photovoltaic arrays; Geothermal energy; Well water for Cooling ; Wind Generation Not collected Not collected...

27

VEGAS-SSS. A VST survey of elliptical galaxies in the southern hemisphere: analysis of small stellar systems. Testing the methodology on the globular cluster system in NGC3115  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of globular clusters (GCs) and other small stellar systems (SSSs) in the field of NGC3115, observed as part of the VEGAS imaging survey, carried out with the VST telescope. We use deep g and i data of NGC3115, a well-studied lenticular galaxy with excellent scientific literature. This is fundamental to test the methodologies, verify the results, and probe the capabilities of the VEGAS-SSS. Leveraging the large field of view of the VST allow us to accurately study of the distribution and properties of SSSs as a function of galactocentric distance Rgc, well beyond ~20 galaxy effective radii, in a way not often possible. Our analysis of colors, magnitudes and sizes of SSS candidates confirms the results from existing studies, some of which carried out with 8-10m class telescopes, and further extends them to unreached Rgc distances, with similar accuracy. We find a color bimodality for the GC population and a r1/4 profile for the surface density of GCs as for the galaxy light profile. The radia...

Cantiello, Michele; Napolitano, Nicola; Grado, Aniello; Limatola, Luca; Paolillo, Maurizio; Iodice, Enrica; Romanowsky, Aaron J; Forbes, Duncan A; Raimondo, Gabriella; Spavone, Marilena; La Barbera, Francesco; Puzia, Thomas H; Schipani, Pietro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Evidence for a non-zero Lambda and a low matter density from a combined analysis of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform a joint likelihood analysis of the power spectra of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies under the assumptions that the initial fluctuations were adiabatic, Gaussian and well described by power laws with scalar and tensor indices of n_s and n_t. On its own, the 2dFGRS sets tight limits on the parameter combination Omega_m h, but relatively weak limits on the fraction of the cosmic matter density in baryons Omega_b/Omega_m. The CMB anisotropy data alone set poor constraints on the cosmological constant and Hubble constant because of a `geometrical degeneracy' among parameters. Furthermore, if tensor modes are allowed, the CMB data allow a wide range of values for the physical densities in baryons and cold dark matter. Combining the CMB and 2dFGRS data sets helps to break both the geometrical and tensor mode degeneracies. The values of the parameters derived here are consistent with the predictions of the simplest models of inflation, with the baryon density derived from primordial nucleosynthesis and with direct measurements of the Hubble parameter. In particular, we find strong evidence for a positive cosmological constant with a pm 2sigma range of 0.65 < Omega_Lambda < 0.85, completely independently of constraints on Omega_\\Lambda derived from Type Ia supernovae.

George Efstathiou; Stephen Moody; John A. Peacock; Will J. Percival; Carlton Baugh; Joss Bland-Hawthorn; Terry Bridges; Russell Cannon; Shaun Cole; Matthew Colless; Chris Collins; Warrick Couch; Gavin Dalton; Roberto De Propis; Simon P. Driver; Richard S. Ellis; Carlos S. Frenk; Karl Glazebrook; Carole Jackson; Ofer Lahav; Ian Lewis; Stuart Lumsden; Steve Maddox; Peder Norberg; Bruce A. Peterson; Will Sutherland; Keith Taylor

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

29

Survey and Evaluate Uncertainty Quantification Methodologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI) is a partnership among national laboratories, industry and academic institutions that will develop and deploy state-of-the-art computational modeling and simulation tools to accelerate the commercialization of carbon capture technologies from discovery to development, demonstration, and ultimately the widespread deployment to hundreds of power plants. The CCSI Toolset will provide end users in industry with a comprehensive, integrated suite of scientifically validated models with uncertainty quantification, optimization, risk analysis and decision making capabilities. The CCSI Toolset will incorporate commercial and open-source software currently in use by industry and will also develop new software tools as necessary to fill technology gaps identified during execution of the project. The CCSI Toolset will (1) enable promising concepts to be more quickly identified through rapid computational screening of devices and processes; (2) reduce the time to design and troubleshoot new devices and processes; (3) quantify the technical risk in taking technology from laboratory-scale to commercial-scale; and (4) stabilize deployment costs more quickly by replacing some of the physical operational tests with virtual power plant simulations. The goal of CCSI is to deliver a toolset that can simulate the scale-up of a broad set of new carbon capture technologies from laboratory scale to full commercial scale. To provide a framework around which the toolset can be developed and demonstrated, we will focus on three Industrial Challenge Problems (ICPs) related to carbon capture technologies relevant to U.S. pulverized coal (PC) power plants. Post combustion capture by solid sorbents is the technology focus of the initial ICP (referred to as ICP A). The goal of the uncertainty quantification (UQ) task (Task 6) is to provide a set of capabilities to the user community for the quantification of uncertainties associated with the carbon capture processes. As such, we will develop, as needed and beyond existing capabilities, a suite of robust and efficient computational tools for UQ to be integrated into a CCSI UQ software framework.

Lin, Guang; Engel, David W.; Eslinger, Paul W.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

ARM - Campaign Backgrounders  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Annual Reports Program Fact Sheets Campaign Backgrounders Education and Outreach Posters Brochures Research Highlights Summaries Campaign Backgrounders Please contact...

31

Background In March, 2003, military forces, mainly from the USA and the UK, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 146 months before the invasion with the 178 months after it.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 14·6 months before the invasion with the 17·8 months after it. Methods A cluster sample survey was undertaken throughout Iraq during September invasion of Iraq. Violence accounted for most of the excess deaths and air strikes from coalition forces

Scharfstein, Daniel

32

Benchmarking survey for recycling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the methodology, analysis and conclusions of a comparison survey of recycling programs at ten Department of Energy sites including Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). The goal of the survey was to compare SNL/NM's recycling performance with that of other federal facilities, and to identify activities and programs that could be implemented at SNL/NM to improve recycling performance.

Marley, Margie Charlotte; Mizner, Jack Harry

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Estimating radiological background using imaging spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical imaging spectroscopy is investigated as a method to estimate radiological background by spectral identification of soils, sediments, rocks, minerals and building materials derived from natural materials and assigning tabulated radiological emission values to these materials. Radiological airborne surveys are undertaken by local, state and federal agencies to identify the presence of radiological materials out of regulatory compliance. Detection performance in such surveys is determined by (among other factors) the uncertainty in the radiation background; increased knowledge of the expected radiation background will improve the ability to detect low-activity radiological materials. Radiological background due to naturally occurring radiological materials (NORM) can be estimated by reference to previous survey results, use of global 40K, 238U, and 232Th (KUT) values, reference to existing USGS radiation background maps, or by a moving average of the data as it is acquired. Each of these methods has its drawbacks: previous survey results may not include recent changes, the global average provides only a zero-order estimate, the USGS background radiation map resolutions are coarse and are accurate only to 1 km – 25 km sampling intervals depending on locale, and a moving average may essentially low pass filter the data to obscure small changes in radiation counts. Imaging spectroscopy from airborne or spaceborne platforms can offer higher resolution identification of materials and background, as well as provide imaging context information. AVIRIS hyperspectral image data is analyzed using commercial exploitation software to determine the usefulness of imaging spectroscopy to identify qualitative radiological background emissions when compared to airborne radiological survey data.

Bernacki, Bruce E.; Schweppe, John E.; Stave, Sean C.; Jordan, David V.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Stewart, Trevor N.; Seifert, Carolyn E.

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

34

Final Report of the Mid-Atlantic Marine Wildlife Surveys, Modeling...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Discussion: Survey methods, design, and coordination * Methodologies for collecting data (including issues such as: cross-platform comparison, detectability, capturing...

35

Development of Generic Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kentucky Guidance for Ambient Background Assessment Kentucky Guidance for Ambient Background Assessment January 8, 2004 Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet Introduction This guidance document is intended to assist in comparing site data and background data for sites undergoing environmental assessment. These procedures provide a simplified statistical procedure for determining if the site data is part of the background population. It also provides generic statewide background values for inorganic chemicals that may be used in lieu of collecting site-specific background samples. The statistical procedures may be used for site- specific data or the generic statewide values in Tables 1 and 2. This guidance does not preclude other appropriate statistical comparisons from being made, but rather a simplified screening

36

ARM - Radar Backgrounder  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance Radar Backgrounder ARM Scanning...

37

Software Function Allocation Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES 1. INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Terminology Definitions 1, 2 Problem Definition 2. CURRENT RESEARCH STATUS 2. 1 Current Methodologies 2. 1. 1 Structured Design 2. 1..., 2 The Jackson Methodology 2. 1. 3 Higher Order Software 2. 1. 4 Structured Analysis and Design Technique 2. 1. 5 Software Requirements Engineering Methodology 2. 1. 6 Software Development System 2. 2 Relation to Current Research 3. SFAM...

O'Neal, Michael Ralph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

38

2008 ASC Methodology Errata  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION'S ERRATA CORRECTIONS BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION'S ERRATA CORRECTIONS TO THE 2008 AVERAGE SYSTEM COST METHODOLOGY September 12, 2008 I....

39

ANALYSIS OF CEE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY NATIONAL AWARENESS OF ENERGY STAR  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ANALYSIS OF CEE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY ANALYSIS OF CEE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY NATIONAL AWARENESS OF ENERGY STAR ® FOR 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgements .................................................................................. ii Executive Summary ............................................................................ ES-1 Introduction ............................................................................................... 1 Methodology Overview ............................................................................. 2 Key Findings ............................................................................................. 5 Recognition .................................................................................................................. 5 Understanding ........................................................................................................... 12

40

Building Technologies Residential Survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Introduction A telephone survey of 1,025 residential occupants was administered in late October for the Building Technologies Program (BT) to gather information on residential occupant attitudes, behaviors, knowledge, and perceptions. The next section, Survey Results, provides an overview of the responses, with major implications and caveats. Additional information is provided in three appendices as follows: - Appendix A -- Summary Response: Provides summary tabular data for the 13 questions that, with subparts, comprise a total of 25 questions. - Appendix B -- Benchmark Data: Provides a benchmark by six categories to the 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey administered by EIA. These were ownership, heating fuel, geographic location, race, household size and income. - Appendix C -- Background on Survey Method: Provides the reader with an understanding of the survey process and interpretation of the results.

Secrest, Thomas J.

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Methodologies to Analysis Methodologies to someone by E-mail Share FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Facebook Tweet about FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Twitter Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Google Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Delicious Rank FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Digg Find More places to share FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on AddThis.com... Home Analysis Methodologies Resource Analysis Technological Feasibility & Cost Analysis Environmental Analysis Delivery Analysis Infrastructure Development & Financial Analysis Energy Market Analysis DOE H2A Analysis Scenario Analysis Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation

42

Application of the Methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter defines the methodological approach of the Green Energy Audit. The whole activity is divided into ... others. The chapter aims to provide the auditor with an overview, then in the subsequent...

Giuliano Dall’O’

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Systematic Comparison of Operating Reserve Methodologies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operating reserve requirements are a key component of modern power systems, and they contribute to maintaining reliable operations with minimum economic impact. No universal method exists for determining reserve requirements, thus there is a need for a thorough study and performance comparison of the different existing methodologies. Increasing penetrations of variable generation (VG) on electric power systems are posed to increase system uncertainty and variability, thus the need for additional reserve also increases. This paper presents background information on operating reserve and its relationship to VG. A consistent comparison of three methodologies to calculate regulating and flexibility reserve in systems with VG is performed.

Ibanez, E.; Krad, I.; Ela, E.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Comparative Methodologies for Measuring Metabolizable Energy of Various Types of Resistant High Amylose Corn Starch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparative Methodologies for Measuring Metabolizable Energy of Various Types of Resistant High Amylose Corn Starch ... BACKGROUND: Knowledge of energetic availability of dietary fibres is important for human nutrition. ...

Richard T. Tulley; Marko J. Appel; Tanya G. Enos; Maren Hegsted; Kathleen L. McCutcheon; Jun Zhou; Anne M. Raggio; Roger Jeffcoat; Anne Birkett; Roy J. Martin; Michael J. Keenan

2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

45

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY COMMUNITY LEADERS SURVEY  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY COMMUNITY LEADERS SURVEY SEPTEMBER 2013 LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY-COMMUNITY LEADERS STUDY SEPTEMBER 2013 PAGE 2 RESEARCH & POLLING, INC. TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

46

EBSD Images Theoretical Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivation EBSD Images Theoretical Background Defects in the Weld Grain Growth Low Speed Welding High Speed Welding Conclusion Heat-Affected Zone Observations Welding Experiments The low density in the transportation industries. Reproducibility and the low cost make welding a major large scale assembly process

Candea, George

47

Local microwave background radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.

Domingos Soares

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

48

David Smith Academic background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

David Smith Academic background Ph.D. in Mathematics (Algebra), Université de Sherbrooke, Canada project program (I. Assem, F. Bergeron, C. Reutenauer, D. Smith) $132,000 ($44,000 per year for 3 years. Schiffler and D. Smith, Friezes, strings and cluster variables, to appear in Glasgow Mathematcal Journal. 2

49

EIA - Appendix B: Estimation Methodologies of Household Vehicles Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you have trouble viewing this page, contact the National Energy Informaiton Center at (202) 586-8800. Return to Energy Information Administration Home Page If you have trouble viewing this page, contact the National Energy Informaiton Center at (202) 586-8800. Return to Energy Information Administration Home Page EIA Home > Transportation Home Page > Appendix B Estimation MethodologiesIntroduction Appendix B Estimation Methodologies Introduction Statistics concerning vehicle miles traveled (VMT), vehicle fuel efficiency (given in terms of miles per gallon (MPG)), vehicle fuel consumption, and vehicle fuel expenditures are presented in this report. The methodology used to estimate these statistics relied on data from the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) fuel efficiency test results, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) retail pump price series, and the Lundberg Survey, Inc., price series for 1994.

50

methodology | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

methodology methodology Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The main object of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data tx_metadatatool, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding from UNEP & SWERA have been published on this subject. Source SUNY Albany Date Released July 31st, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago) Keywords Cuba methodology solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 2.6 MiB)

51

Explanatory Notes Explanatory Notes The EIA-782 Surveys Background  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

data. These nonsampling er- rors also occur in complete censuses. Although no direct measurement of the biases due to nonsampling errors can be obtained, precautionary steps were...

52

DOE Systems Engineering Methodology  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Systems Engineering Methodology (SEM) In-Stage Assessment Process Guide Version 3 September 2002 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the Chief Information Officer In-Stage Assessment Process Date: September 2002 Page i Rev Date: Table of Contents Section Page 1.0 Overview .......................................................................................................................................... 1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ 1 Purpose .............................................................................................................................. 1 Who Conducts ...................................................................................................................

53

Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates Latest Update: November 25, 2008 This report consists of the following sections: Survey and Survey Processing - a description of the survey and an overview of the program Sampling - a description of the selection process used to identify companies in the survey Estimation - how the regional estimates are prepared from the collected data Computing the 5-year Averages, Maxima, Minima, and Year-Ago Values for the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report - the method used to prepare weekly data to compute the 5-year averages, maxima, minima, and year-ago values for the weekly report Derivation of the Weekly Historical Estimates Database - a description of the process used to generate the historical database for the

54

The Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) is an instrument designed to make images of the cosmic microwave background radiation and to measure its statistical properties on angular scales from about 3 arc minutes to one degree (spherical harmonic scales from l ~ 4250 down to l ~ 400). The CBI is a 13-element interferometer mounted on a 6 meter platform operating in ten 1-GHz frequency bands from 26 GHz to 36 GHz. The instantaneous field of view of the instrument is 45 arcmin (FWHM) and its resolution ranges from 3 to 10 arcmin; larger fields can be imaged by mosaicing. At this frequency and resolution, the primary foreground is due to discrete extragalactic sources, which are monitored at the Owens Valley Radio Observatory and subtracted from the CBI visibility measurements. The instrument has been making observations since late 1999 of both primordial CMB fluctuations and the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect in clusters of galaxies from its site at an altitude of 5080 meters near San Pedro de Atacama, in northern Chile. Observations will continue until August 2001 or later. We present preliminary results from the first few months of observations.

T. J. Pearson; B. S. Mason; S. Padin; A. C. S. Readhead; M. C. Shepherd; J. Sievers; P. S. Udomprasert; J. K. Cartwright

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and performance details are given for the Cosmic Background Imager (CBI), an interferometer array that is measuring the power spectrum of fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) for multipoles in the range 400 < l < 3500. The CBI is located at an altitude of 5000 m in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. It is a planar synthesis array with 13 0.9-m diameter antennas on a 6-m diameter tracking platform. Each antenna has a cooled, low-noise receiver operating in the 26-36 GHz band. Signals are cross-correlated in an analog filterbank correlator with ten 1 GHz bands. This allows spectral index measurements which can be used to distinguish CMBR signals from diffuse galactic foregrounds. A 1.2 kHz 180-deg phase switching scheme is used to reject cross-talk and low-frequency pick-up in the signal processing system. The CBI has a 3-axis mount which allows the tracking platform to be rotated about the optical axis, providing improved (u,v) coverage and a powerful discriminant against false signals generated in the receiving electronics. Rotating the tracking platform also permits polarization measurements when some of the antennas are configured for the orthogonal polarization.

S. Padin; M. C. Shepherd; J. K. Cartwright; R. G. Keeney; B. S. Mason; T. J. Pearson; A. C. S. Readhead; W. L. Schaal; J. Sievers; P. S. Udomprasert; J. K. Yamasaki; W. L. Holzapfel; J. E. Carlstrom; M. Joy; S. T. Myers; A. Otarola

2001-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

56

Survey Statisticians  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey Statisticians Survey Statisticians The U.S.Energy Information Administration (EIA) within the Department of Energy has forged a world-class information program that stresses quality, teamwork, and employee growth. In support of our program, we offer a variety of profes- sional positions, including the Survey Statistician, who measures the amounts of energy produced and consumed in the United States. Responsibilities: Survey Statisticians perform or participate in one or more of the following important functions: * Design energy surveys by writing questions, creating layouts and testing questions for clarity and accuracy. * Conduct energy surveys to include sending out and tracking survey responses, editing and analyzing data submis- sions and communicating with respondents to verify data.

57

Safeguards Envelope Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but this early research was the foundation for the process monitoring systems at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, the prime example of this Dissertation (See Appendix 1). Early approaches at Argonne National Laboratory in integrated system tracking... was dropped in favor or IGENPRO. IGENPRO, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, is a technique and code used in order to resolve events using first principles thermohydraulic codes instead of event-based structure. This methodology is especially...

Metcalf, Richard

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

Paducah Background Factsheet | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Background Factsheet Paducah Background Factsheet Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions, May 15, 2012 Paducah Background...

59

Digital Surveying Directional Surveying Specialists | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Digital Surveying Directional Surveying Specialists Digital Surveying Directional Surveying Specialists Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Digital Surveying Directional Surveying Specialists Author Directional Surveying Specialists Published Publisher Not Provided, 2012 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Digital Surveying Directional Surveying Specialists Citation Directional Surveying Specialists. Digital Surveying Directional Surveying Specialists [Internet]. 2012. [cited 2013/10/08]. Available from: http://www.digitalsurveying.co.za/services/geophysical-borehole-surveying/overview/optical-televiewer/ Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_Surveying_Directional_Surveying_Specialists&oldid=690244"

60

GIS Applications in Easter Island: Geodetic Adjustments and Survey Maps Accuracy .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This paper discusses the variables and methodology involved in the geodetic transformations required for the adjustment of the Easter Island Archaeological Survey's cartography — until… (more)

Vargas Casanova, Patricia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A Survey of Software Learnability: Metrics, Methodologies and Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fitzmaurice, Ramtin Attar Autodesk Research 210 King St. East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5A 1J7 {firstname.lastname}@autodesk

Toronto, University of

62

Survey Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fsidentoi fsidentoi Survey Consumption and 'Expenditures, April 1981 March 1982 Energy Information Administration Wasningtoa D '" N """"*"""*"Nlwr. . *'.;***** -. Mik>. I This publication is available from ihe your COr : 20585 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Consum ption and Expendi tures, April 1981 Through March 1982 Part 2: Regional Data Prepared by: Bruce Egan This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administra tion, the independent statistical

63

Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Simulations by Truescape Visual Reality, DOE/EA-1791 (May 2010) Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Simulations by Truescape Visual Reality, DOE/EA-1791 (May 2010) Barr Engineering, Minneapolis engaged Truescape in May 2010 to: 1) Provide a series of TrueViewTM2 "human field of view" survey controlled photo simulations from pre-determined viewpoint locations to assist with the assessment of the potential visibility of a proposed turbine, and 2) Simulate two different height options for the turbine tower, being 80m vs. 100m. Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Simulations by Truescape Visual Reality, DOE/EA-1791 (May 2010)

64

Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Simulations by Truescape Visual Reality, DOE/EA-1791 (May 2010) Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Simulations by Truescape Visual Reality, DOE/EA-1791 (May 2010) Barr Engineering, Minneapolis engaged Truescape in May 2010 to: 1) Provide a series of TrueViewTM2 "human field of view" survey controlled photo simulations from pre-determined viewpoint locations to assist with the assessment of the potential visibility of a proposed turbine, and 2) Simulate two different height options for the turbine tower, being 80m vs. 100m. Barr Engineering Statement of Methodology Rosemount Wind Turbine Simulations by Truescape Visual Reality, DOE/EA-1791 (May 2010)

65

Climate Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operations Employee Operations Employee Climate Survey March 2009 Acknowledgements The Berkeley Lab Survey Team consisted of the following: Jim Krupnick, Sponsor Vera Potapenko, Project Lead Karen Ramorino, Project Manager Chris Paquette, MOR Associates Alexis Bywater, MOR Associates MOR Associates, an external consulting firm, acted as project manager for this effort, analyzing the data and preparing this report. MOR Associates specializes in continuous improve- ment, strategic thinking and leadership development. MOR Associates has conducted a number of large-scale surveys for organizations in higher education, including MIT, Stanford, the University of Chicago, and others. MOR Associates, Inc. 462 Main Street, Suite 300 Watertown, MA 02472 tel: 617.924.4501

66

Mobile Web Survey Design: Scrolling versus Paging, SMS versus E-mail Invitations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Survey Methodology Mobile Web Survey Design: Scrolling versus Paging...e-mail) have an impact on response rates in web surveys completed on personal computers...these findings can be generalized to mobile web surveys. First, we explore the effect......

Aigul Mavletova; Mick P. Couper

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Cosmology with Cosmic Infrared Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006 #12;Title Here IR/Opt: Direct emission from stars FIR: Processed emission of Opt/IR light by dust IRAC Instrument Team's GTO Survey PI: Peter Eisenhardt (JPL) + ~20 collaborators IRAC Spitzer Bootes

Leka, K. D .

68

MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil Hundreds of indigenous people demonstrated at the National Congress in Brasilia, capital of Brazil, following the announcement in the 1990s in the midst of extensive protests in Brazil and around the world. On February 8, an indigenous

Milchberg, Howard

69

Systems Integration Methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-disciplinary team led by the Advanced Power and Energy Program (APEP) of the University of California at Irvine is defining the system engineering issues associated with the integration of key components and subsystems into power plant systems that meet performance and emission goals of VISION 21. The myriad of fuels, fuel processing, power generation, and emission control technologies are narrowed down to selected scenarios by a screening analysis to identify those combinations that have the potential to achieve the VISION 21 goals consisting of 60% efficiency (HHV) for coal based systems and 75% efficiency (LHV) for gas-based systems. The selected promising cycle scenarios are then analyzed in detail to develop the performance and costs for each. The methodology used in arriving at these promising cases and the preliminary results of the cycle analyses are presented. The technology levels considered are based on projected technical and manufacturing advances being made in industry and on advances identified in current and future government supported research such as the Clean Coal Program, Combustion 2000 (LEBS and HIPPS), Advanced Turbine Systems program, Low-Cost Advanced Fuel Cell programs, and the Flexible Gas Turbine Systems program. Examples of systems included in these advanced cycles are solid oxide and molten carbonate fuel cells, advanced gas turbines, ion transport membrane separation and hydrogen-oxygen combustion.

Samuelsen, Scott; Rao, Ashok

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

70

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar panels are designed as a photovoltaic module. The energy producing aspect of the photovoltaic module has two primary steps. The first is a semiconducting material such as...

71

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and the Bureau of Reclamation signed 10-year agreements - known as the Columbia Basin Fish Accords - with four Northwest tribes and two states on May 2, 2008. These historic...

72

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

maintenance personnel, and film crews use small, portable lighting systems known as "mobile lighting." Traditionally, mobile lighting units are powered by diesel fuel generators...

73

Background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Onondaga Lake is located (lat. 43°06?54?; long. 76°14?34?) immediately north of the City of Syracuse, in Onondaga County, in the middle of the most urbanized ... River. The Seneca River combines with the Oneida R...

Steven W. Effler; Gena Harnett

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bonneville Power Administration is considering building a new office building on its Ross Complex in Vancouver, Wash., to meet long-standing work space needs. BPA is inviting...

75

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Administration, January 14, 2011 Figure 2 - Natural Gas Rig Count U.S. Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in Operation (Count) 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 J a n - 0 7 M a r - 0 7 M a y -...

76

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable energy sources are critical to the nation's future, and hydrogen-powered fuel cells offer an attractive alternative to current technologies. However, fuel cell...

77

Background  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Star Lighting Verification Program (Program for the Evaluation and Analysis of Residential Lighting) Semi-annual report For the period of October 2003 to April 2004 Authored...

78

Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

build a facility in the Sandia Science & Technology Park (SS&TP) in 1998 for their Photovoltaics Division, which builds solar cells for the space industry. This division is built...

79

Survey Employees to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Commuting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Survey Employees to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Survey Employees to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Commuting Survey Employees to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Commuting October 7, 2013 - 1:47pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile for employee commuting, data on behavior and attitudes are best collected through an agency-wide survey. The default survey methodology in the Federal GHG Accounting Guidance is designed to collect the minimum data for emissions calculations. Additional information may be necessary to determine which trip reduction strategies are best suited for specific employee populations. The optional questions in the advanced survey methodology or data gathered through an agency-defined employee commute survey can provide this understanding.

80

Final Status Survey Report for Corrective Action Unit 117 - Pluto Disassembly Facility, Building 2201, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the process knowledge, radiological data and subsequent statistical methodology and analysis to support approval for the radiological release of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 117 – Pluto Disassembly Facility, Building 2201 located in Area 26 of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Preparations for release of the building began in 2009 and followed the methodology described in the Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM). MARSSIM is the DOE approved process for release of Real Property (buildings and landmasses) to a set of established criteria or authorized limits. The pre-approved authorized limits for surface contamination values and corresponding assumptions were established by DOE O 5400.5. The release criteria coincide with the acceptance criteria of the U10C landfill permit. The U10C landfill is the proposed location to dispose of the radiologically non-impacted, or “clean,” building rubble following demolition. However, other disposition options that include the building and/or waste remaining at the NNSS may be considered providing that the same release limits apply. The Final Status Survey was designed following MARSSIM guidance by reviewing historical documentation and radiological survey data. Following this review a formal radiological characterization survey was performed in two phases. The characterization revealed multiple areas of residual radioactivity above the release criteria. These locations were remediated (decontaminated) and then the surface activity was verified to be less than the release criteria. Once remediation efforts had been successfully completed, a Final Status Survey Plan (10-015, “Final Status Survey Plan for Corrective Action Unit 117 – Pluto Disassembly Facility, Building 2201”) was developed and implemented to complete the final step in the MARSSIM process, the Final Status Survey. The Final Status Survey Plan consisted of categorizing each individual room into one of three categories: Class 1, Class 2 or Class 3 (a fourth category is a “Non-Impacted Class” which in the case of Building 2201 only pertained to exterior surfaces of the building.) The majority of the rooms were determined to fall in the less restrictive Class 3 category, however, Rooms 102, 104, 106, and 107 were identified as containing Class 1 and 2 areas. Building 2201 was divided into “survey units” and surveyed following the requirements of the Final Status Survey Plan for each particular class. As each survey unit was completed and documented, the survey results were evaluated. Each sample (static measurement) with units of counts per minute (cpm) was corrected for the appropriate background and converted to a value with units of dpm/100 cm2. With a surface contamination value in the appropriate units, it was compared to the surface contamination limits, or in this case the derived concentration guideline level (DCGLw). The appropriate statistical test (sign test) was then performed. If the survey unit was statistically determined to be below the DCGLw, then the survey unit passed and the null hypothesis (that the survey unit is above limits) was rejected. If the survey unit was equal to or below the critical value in the sign test, the null hypothesis was not rejected. This process was performed for all survey units within Building 2201. A total of thirty-three “Class 1,” four “Class 2,” and one “Class 3” survey units were developed, surveyed, and evaluated. All survey units successfully passed the statistical test. Building 2201 meets the release criteria commensurate with the Waste Acceptance Criteria (for radiological purposes) of the U10C landfill permit residing within NNSS boundaries. Based on the thorough statistical sampling and scanning of the building’s interior, Building 2201 may be considered radiologically “clean,” or free of contamination.

Jeremy Gwin and Douglas Frenette

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Aluminum as a source of background in low background experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double beta decay would be a key to understanding the nature of neutrino masses. The next generation of High Purity Germanium experiments will have to be operated with a background rate of better than 10^-5 counts/(kg y keV) in the region of interest around the Q value of the decay. Therefore, so far irrelevant sources of background have to be considered. The metalization of the surface of germanium detectors is in general done with aluminum. The background from the decays of 22Na, 26Al, 226Ra and 228Th introduced by this metalization is discussed. It is shown that only a special selection of aluminum can keep these background contributions acceptable.

B. Majorovits; I. Abt; M. Laubenstein; O. Volynets

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

82

Low background techniques in XMASS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The XMASS project aims to detect pp and {sup 7}Be solar neutrinos, neutrino-less double beta decay, and dark matter searches using ultra-pure liquid xenon. The first stage of XMASS project is concentrated on dark matter searches using 800 kg liquid xenon detector which requires low background and low threshold. Several techniques applied to XMASS detector for low background will be presented.

Takeda, Atsushi [Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, University of Tokyo, 456 Higashi-Mozumi, Kamioka-cho, Hida, Gifu, 506-1205 (Japan)

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

83

Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12   Table 5. US EIA Energy ConsumptionTable 5. US EIA Energy Consumption Surveys Form # EIA-846US Energy Information Administration (EIA) conducts 3 major consumption

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Architecture-Driven Modelling Methodologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classical software development methodologies take architectural issues as granted or pre-determined. They thus neglect the impact decisions for architecture have within the development process. This omission is applicable as long as we are considering ...

Hannu Jaakkola; Bernhard Thalheim

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology Step 1 (Estimate total amount of weekly U.S. coal production) U.S. coal production for the current week is estimated using a ratio...

86

Review of radiological surveys of the General Services Administration's Raritan Depot in Edison, New Jersey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report reviews two recent radiological surveys of the General Services Administration (GSA) Raritan Depot in Edison, New Jersey, that were conducted after somewhat elevated levels of radiation were detected within a depot building. The first survey indicated gamma radiation levels were higher than natural background levels in some buildings and identified the probable source of the radiation as gypsum-like building tiles that contained natural uranium-chain radionuclides at a level 20 times higher than other materials. Elevated levels of radon and radon decay products also were detected in some buildings. A follow-on survey was conducted to confirm the January measurements and to measure radiation levels at other locations: additional buildings at the depot, buildings on the Middlesex County College campus, and a possible outdoor disposal site. EPA measurements established that ceiling material is the primary source of the radiation. Radioisotope analysis of the ceiling tile material from buildings with elevated radiation levels showed the presence of radium-226 at levels of approximately 25 picocuries per gram (pCi/g); this material would thus have to be treated as hazardous waste, should it be removed. This report critiques the methodology and results of the two surveys and recommends further action.

Herzenberg, C.L.; Winter, R.C.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solar Background Document 3 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

3 Solar Background Document 3 A list of private sector investment in Solyndra. Solar Background Document 3.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar Background Document 2 GridWise...

88

Integrated global background monitoring network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the background and elucidates the need for an integrated global background monitoring network. This network should: establish reference levels for pollutants that have potential for global contaminatin, serve as an early warning site for detecting global spread of pollutants, and establish baseline levels for selected ecosystem parameters against which data from more impacted areas can be compared. This paper proposes the following: (1) establish an integrated global background monitoring network for pollutants and ecosystem parameters; (2) pollutant measurements be multi-media; (3) carry out ecosystem parameter studies in conjunction with pollutant measurements; (4) the network be maintained for an indefinite period of time; (5) the network be established using the international biosphere reserve system as the universe from which a subset of monitoring sites are drawn; and (6) that the project be under the overall direction of the Global Environmental Monitoring System. 43 references, 1 figure, 1 table.

Wiersma, G.B.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SECURE Methodology to Identify Potential Reductions in Utility and Process Energy Consumption Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology to Identify...

90

The Cosmic Microwave Background: Beyond the Power Spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much recent work on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) has focussed on the angular power spectrum of temperature anisotropies and particularly on the recovery of cosmological parameters from acoustic peaks in the power spectrum. However, there is more that can conceivably be done with CMB measurements. Here I briefly survey a few such ideas: cross-correlation with other cosmic backgrounds as a probe of the density of the Universe; CMB polarization as a gravitational-wave detector; secondary anisotropies and the ionization history of the Universe; tests of alternative-gravity theories; polarization, the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, and cosmic variance; and tests for a neutrino mass.

Marc Kamionkowski

1998-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

91

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS Workforce Planning | 408-924-2250 classcomp process. Workforce Planning will arrange this directly with the finalist(s) once the hiring manager has provided the finalist(s) name(s) to Workforce Planning. An exception to this process is for any candidates

Su, Xiao

92

Integrated Global Background Monitoring Network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the more significant problems when trying to determine what impact is having on global cycles is not knowing what ''natural'' levels should be for both abiotic (gases, trace elements) and biotic (ecosystem functions) processes. The authors believe that a well designed, coordinated network of baseline stations in remote areas around the world can provide a data base will allow best current estimates to be made of biotic and abiotic baseline conditions. These baseline conditions will then help us make better comparisons with more impacted areas, and thus help us more fully understand the impact man is having on his world. This paper examines the history of background pollution monitoring at the international level, describes current activities in the field of ''integrated'' background monitoring, and proposes criteria for the development of a global network of baseline stations to coordinate background monitoring for the presence, accumulation and behavior of pollutants in remote ecosystems. In this paper, this network is called the Integrated Global Background Monitoring Network.

Wiersma, G.B.; Franklin, J.F.; Kohler, A.; Croze, H.; Boelcke, C.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Emergent Supersymmetry in Warped Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that quantum mechanical supersymmetries are emerged in Kaluza-Klein spectrum of linearized gravity in several warped backgrounds as a consequence of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance. These emergent supersymmetries play an essential role for the spectral structure of braneworld gravity. We show that for the case of braneworld models with two codimension-1 branes the spectral pattern is completely determined only through the supersymmetries.

Nagasawa, Tomoaki; Sakamoto, Kazuki; Sakamoto, Makoto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Emergent Supersymmetry in Warped Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that quantum mechanical supersymmetries are emerged in Kaluza-Klein spectrum of linearized gravity in several warped backgrounds as a consequence of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance. These emergent supersymmetries play an essential role for the spectral structure of braneworld gravity. We show that for the case of braneworld models with two codimension-1 branes the spectral pattern is completely determined only through the supersymmetries.

Tomoaki Nagasawa; Satoshi Ohya; Kazuki Sakamoto; Makoto Sakamoto

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

95

M&S methodological challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

M&S provides a formal way to generate or test existing knowledge. Like mathematics, M&S provides an apparatus for deduction while generating data that can be used for statistical inference. However, unlike mathematics, M&S's formal approach varies from ... Keywords: epistemology, methodology, philosophy

Jose J. Padilla; Andreas Tolk; Saikou Y. Diallo

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Shoreline survey for unpermitted discharges to Galveston Bay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the study are to identify and map unpermitted point source discharges within selected shoreline segments of Galveston Bay and to develop a standard methodology and framework for future comprehensive shoreline surveys of the Galveston Bay system. The pilot study utilized low altitude aerial surveys and shallow draft small boat surveys to determine the extent of and to document locations of unpermitted discharges along 159 miles of bayou and bay shoreline. Nine different shoreline types were surveyed. Positions of discharges, both permitted and unpermitted were logged on to a personal computer data base management system and photographic documentation of both aerial and surface observations were catalogued.

Fay, R.R.; Sweet, S.; Wilson, R.J.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

NUREG-1150 risk assessment methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the methodology developed in support of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NCR's) evaluation of severe accident risks in NUREG-1150. After the accident at Three Mile Island, Unit 2, the NRC initiated a sever accident research program to develop an improved understanding of severe accidents and to provide a second technical basis to support regulatory decisions in this area. A key product of this program is NUREG-1150, which provides estimates of risk for several nuclear reactors of different design. The principal technical analyses for NUREG-1150 were performed at Sandia National Labs. under the Severe Accident Risk Reduction Program and the Accident Sequence Evaluation Program. A major aspect of the work was the development of a methodology that improved upon previous full-scale probabilistic risk assessments (PRA) in several areas which are described.

Benjamin, A.S.; Amos, C.N.; Cunningham, M.A.; Murphy, J.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Solar Background Document 6 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Background Document 6 Graph illustrating solar cell production in the United States and China from 2002 to 2010. Solar Background Document 6.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar...

99

Solar Background Document 1 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Solar Background Document 1 Solar Background Document 1 A timeline outlining the Energy Department's extensive review of the Solyndra Solar loan guarantee application from 2006 to...

100

Solar Background Document 5 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5 Solar Background Document 5 Graph illustrating Chinese Development Bank financing to Chinese solar companies. Solar Background Document 5.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar Background Document 6 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

6 Solar Background Document 6 Graph illustrating solar cell production in the United States and China from 2002 to 2010. Solar Background Document 6.pdf More Documents &...

102

Solar Background Document 2 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2 Solar Background Document 2 Media reports and other independent analysts which pointed to Solyndra as a very promising, innovative company. Solar Background Document 2.pdf More...

103

Solar Background Document 4 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4 Solar Background Document 4 Graph illustrating global distribution of solar manufacturing market share from 1990 to 2010. Solar Background Document 4.pdf More Documents &...

104

APS USER TRAINING HISTORY Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

USER TRAINING HISTORY USER TRAINING HISTORY Background The User Program Division Director has delegated to the CATs the authority to authorize the conduct of experiments because the CATs have accepted responsibility for: * identifying and evaluating the hazards posed by the experiment, * specifying controls appropriate to the hazards, and * verifying that controls are in place. One form of hazard control frequently made mandatory by law and laboratory policy is worker knowledge. The accepted means of verifying that a worker has the required knowledge is ensuring that the worker has completed appropriate training. With CAT input, the APS has developed the APS User Training History. This web-based tool enables designated CAT personnel to examine data characterizing ES&H training courses

105

Gauging the cosmic microwave background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a new derivation of the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), and find an exact expression that can be readily expanded perturbatively. Close attention is paid to gauge issues, with the motivation to examine the effect of super-Hubble modes on the CMB. We calculate a transfer function that encodes the behaviour of the dipole, and examine its long-wavelength behaviour. We show that contributions to the dipole from adiabatic super-Hubble modes are strongly suppressed, even in the presence of a cosmological constant, contrary to claims in the literature. We also introduce a naturally defined CMB monopole, which exhibits closely analogous long-wavelength behaviour. We discuss the geometrical origin of this super-Hubble suppression, pointing out that it is a simple reflection of adiabaticity, and hence argue that it will occur regardless of the matter content.

J. P. Zibin; Douglas Scott

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

106

Home Energy Score Research and Background | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Buildings » Home Energy Score » Home Energy Score Residential Buildings » Home Energy Score » Home Energy Score Research and Background Home Energy Score Research and Background Scoring Tool v.2014 In January 2014, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) released the first major update to the Home Energy Scoring Tool. After more than a year of implementation and feedback from program Partners, DOE made significant improvements to the scoring tool's calculation methodology and user interface. A newly refined scoring system will allow inefficient homes to more easily move up the scale with investments in efficiency improvements. This enhanced mobility is expected to help motivate greater action among homeowners. The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed a variety of analyses to test the updated scoring tool. Analysis

107

2014 NERSC User Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2014 NERSC User Survey 2014 NERSC User Survey December 17, 2014 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) Please take a few minutes to fill out NERSC's annual user survey. Your feedback is...

108

The ESSENCE Supernova Survey: Survey Optimization, Observations, and Supernova Photometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the implementation and optimization of the ESSENCE supernova survey, which we have undertaken to measure the equation of state parameter of the dark energy. We present a method for optimizing the survey exposure times and cadence to maximize our sensitivity to the dark energy equation of state parameter w = P/{rho}c{sup 2} for a given fixed amount of telescope time. For our survey on the CTIO 4m telescope, measuring the luminosity distances and redshifts for supernovae at modest redshifts (z {approx} 0.5 {+-} 0.2) is optimal for determining w. We describe the data analysis pipeline based on using reliable and robust image subtraction to find supernovae automatically and in near real-time. Since making cosmological inferences with supernovae relies crucially on accurate measurement of their brightnesses, we describe our efforts to establish a thorough calibration of the CTIO 4m natural photometric system. In its first four years, ESSENCE has discovered and spectroscopically confirmed 102 type Ia SNe, at redshifts from 0.10 to 0.78, identified through an impartial, effective methodology for spectroscopic classification and redshift determination. We present the resulting light curves for the all type Ia supernovae found by ESSENCE and used in our measurement of w, presented in Wood-Vasey et al. (2007).

Miknaitis, Gajus; Pignata, G.; Rest, A.; Wood-Vasey, W.M.; Blondin, S.; Challis, P.; Smith, R.C.; Stubbs, C.W.; Suntzeff, N.B.; Foley, R.J.; Matheson, T.; Tonry, J.L.; Aguilera, C.; Blackman, J.W.; Becker, A.C.; Clocchiatti, A.; Covarrubias, R.; Davis, T.M.; Filippenko, A.V.; Garg, A.; Garnavich, P.M.; /Fermilab /Chile U., Catolica /Cerro-Tololo

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

109

DarkLight radiation backgrounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measurements of photon and neutron radiation levels observed while transmitting a 0.43 MW electron beam through millimeter-sized apertures and during beam-on, but accelerating gradient RF-on, operation. These measurements were conducted at the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) facility of the Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) using a 100 MeV electron beam from an energy-recovery linear accelerator. The beam was directed successively through 6 mm, 4 mm, and 2 mm diameter apertures of length 127 mm in aluminum at a maximum current of 4.3 mA (430 kW beam power). This study was conducted to characterize radiation levels for experiments that need to operate in this environment, such as the proposed DarkLight Experiment. We find that sustained transmission of a 430 kW CW beam through a 2 mm aperture is feasible with manageable beam-related backgrounds. We also find that during beam-off, RF-on operation, field emission inside the niobium cavities of the accelerator cryomodules is the primary source of ambient radiation.

Kalantarians, N. [Department of Physics, Hampton University, Hampton VA 23668 (United States); Collaboration: DarkLight Collaboration

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

DarkLight radiation backgrounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measurements of photon and neutron radiation levels observed while transmitting a 0.43 MW electron beam through millimeter-sized apertures and during beam-on, but accelerating gradient RF-on, operation. These measurements were conducted at the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) facility of the Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) using a 100 MeV electron beam from an energy-recovery linear accelerator. The beam was directed successively through 6 mm, 4 mm, and 2 mm diameter apertures of length 127 mm in aluminum at a maximum current of 4.3 mA (430 kW beam power). This study was conducted to characterize radiation levels for experiments that need to operate in this environment, such as the proposed DarkLight Experiment. We find that sustained transmission of a 430 kW CW beam through a 2 mm aperture is feasible with manageable beam-related backgrounds. We also find that during beam-off, RF-on operation, field emission inside the niobium cavities of the accelerator cryomodules is the primary source of ambient radiation.

Kalantarians, Narbe [University of Texas

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Robotic Surveying  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZAPATA ENGINEERING challenged our engineers and scientists, which included robotics expertise from Carnegie Mellon University, to design a solution to meet our client's requirements for rapid digital geophysical and radiological data collection of a munitions test range with no down-range personnel. A prime concern of the project was to minimize exposure of personnel to unexploded ordnance and radiation. The field season was limited by extreme heat, cold and snow. Geographical Information System (GIS) tools were used throughout this project to accurately define the limits of mapped areas, build a common mapping platform from various client products, track production progress, allocate resources and relate subsurface geophysical information to geographical features for use in rapidly reacquiring targets for investigation. We were hopeful that our platform could meet the proposed 35 acres per day, towing both a geophysical package and a radiological monitoring trailer. We held our breath and crossed our fingers as the autonomous Speedrower began to crawl across the playa lakebed. We met our proposed production rate, and we averaged just less than 50 acres per 12-hour day using the autonomous platform with a path tracking error of less than +/- 4 inches. Our project team mapped over 1,800 acres in an 8-week (4 days per week) timeframe. The expertise of our partner, Carnegie Mellon University, was recently demonstrated when their two autonomous vehicle entries finished second and third at the 2005 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Grand Challenge. 'The Grand Challenge program was established to help foster the development of autonomous vehicle technology that will some day help save the lives of Americans who are protecting our country on the battlefield', said DARPA Grand Challenge Program Manager, Ron Kurjanowicz. Our autonomous remote-controlled vehicle (ARCV) was a modified New Holland 2550 Speedrower retrofitted to allow the machine-actuated functions to be controlled by an onboard computer. The computer-controlled Speedrower was developed at Carnegie Mellon University to automate agricultural harvesting. Harvesting tasks require the vehicle to cover a field using minimally overlapping rows at slow speeds in a similar manner to geophysical data acquisition. The Speedrower had demonstrated its ability to perform as it had already logged hundreds of acres of autonomous harvesting. This project is the first use of autonomous robotic technology on a large-scale for geophysical surveying.

Suzy Cantor-McKinney; Michael Kruzic

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

SURVEY OF RESIDENTIAL POWER-FREQUENCY MAGNETIC FIELDS IN MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......methodology described by Karipidis(9). Instrumentation Magnetic fields were measured using calibrated EMDEX II triaxial meters (Enertech Consultants, CA, USA). The EMDEX meters were calibrated before and after the survey using a Helmholtz coil facility, and......

Ken K Karipidis

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Logistic regression models for predicting trip reporting accuracy in GPS-enhanced household travel surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a methodology for conducting logistic regression modeling of trip and household information obtained from household travel surveys and vehicle trip information obtained from global positioning systems (GPS) to better understand...

Forrest, Timothy Lee

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

114

STEP Participant Survey Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

STEP Participant Survey Report, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

115

Microsoft Word - UserSurvey08results.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 ALCF INCITE User Survey 8 ALCF INCITE User Survey Summary Report March 2009 2008 INCITE User Satisfaction Survey Results Page 2 of 8 2008 A LCF I NCITE U ser S urvey R esults Methodology: The 2008 INCITE User Survey was distributed via a link in an email to Principal Investigators on December 1, 2008. PIs were asked to either complete the online survey themselves, or to forward it on to one individual on their team who was best prepared to offer feedback on experiences with the ALCF. Results and notes: * Twelve individuals completed the online survey. * Response rate of 2008 INCITE PIs (or his/her designee) was 60%. * Not all individuals answered all questions. * The overall rate of user satisfaction was 4.6/5.0. * When mentioned specifically by the respondent, ALCF staff member

116

A New Measurement of the Cosmic X-ray Background  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I present a new analytical description of the cosmic X-ray background (CXRB) spectrum in the 1.5-200 keV energy band, obtained by combining the new measurement performed by the Swift X-ray telescope (XRT) with the recently published Swift burst alert telescope (BAT) measurement. A study of the cosmic variance in the XRT band (1.5-7 keV) is also presented. I find that the expected cosmic variance (expected from LogN-LogS) scales as {omega}{sup -0.3}(where {omega} is the surveyed area) in very good agreement with XRT data.

Moretti, A. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera v. E. Bianchi 46 23807 Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

117

Finnish Research Infrastructure Survey and Roadmap Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

location ERA policy ESFRI Roadmap EU27 MS & AS Survey "RI landscape" 2 #12;Background for National RI is appropriate in fields that require major investments in expensive research equipment (e.g. synchrotron light sources, research reactors), special laboratories (e.g. cleanrooms) or research materials (e.g. hazardous

Horn, David

118

Gravitational clustering in Static and Expanding Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief summary of several topics in the study of gravitational many body problem is given. The discussion covers both static backgrounds (applicable to astrophysical systems) as well as clustering in an expanding background (relevant for cosmology)

T. Padmanabhan

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

119

Nuclear weapon reliability evaluation methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of those activities that are normally performed by Sandia National Laboratories to provide nuclear weapon reliability evaluations for the Department of Energy. These reliability evaluations are first provided as a prediction of the attainable stockpile reliability of a proposed weapon design. Stockpile reliability assessments are provided for each weapon type as the weapon is fielded and are continuously updated throughout the weapon stockpile life. The reliability predictions and assessments depend heavily on data from both laboratory simulation and actual flight tests. An important part of the methodology are the opportunities for review that occur throughout the entire process that assure a consistent approach and appropriate use of the data for reliability evaluation purposes.

Wright, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Network Requirements Workshop - Documents and Background Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

An evaluation of market penetration forecasting methodologies for new residential and commercial energy technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forecasting market penetration is an essential step in the development and assessment of new technologies. This report reviews several methodologies that are available for market penetration forecasting. The primary objective of this report is to help entrepreneurs understand these methodologies and aid in the selection of one or more of them for application to a particular new technology. This report also illustrates the application of these methodologies, using examples of new technologies, such as the heat pump, drawn from the residential and commercial sector. The report concludes with a brief discussion of some considerations in selecting a forecasting methodology for a particular situation. It must be emphasized that the objective of this report is not to construct a specific market penetration model for new technologies but only to provide a comparative evaluation of methodologies that would be useful to an entrepreneur who is unfamiliar with the range of techniques available. The specific methodologies considered in this report are as follows: subjective estimation methods, market surveys, historical analogy models, time series models, econometric models, diffusion models, economic cost models, and discrete choice models. In addition to these individual methodologies, which range from the very simple to the very complex, two combination approaches are also briefly discussed: (1) the economic cost model combined with the diffusion model and (2) the discrete choice model combined with the diffusion model. This discussion of combination methodologies is not meant to be exhaustive. Rather, it is intended merely to show that many methodologies often can complement each other. A combination of two or more different approaches may be better than a single methodology alone.

Raju, P.S.; Teotia, A.P.S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Risk Estimation; Background Radiation (Natural and Artificial )  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-threshold mode estimate the response at lower doses. · The Committee on Biological Effects of Ionizing RadiationModule 9 Risk Estimation; Background Radiation (Natural and Artificial ) · sources of background radiation · various risk models. · estimating risk and on the sources of background radiation, both

Massey, Thomas N.

123

User_LaunchSurvey  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Completing Assigned Survey and Completing Assigned Survey © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 1 - SuccessFactors Learning Confidential. All rights reserved. Job Aid: Launching and Completing Assigned Survey Purpose The purpose of this job aid is to guide users through the step-by-step process of launching and completing assigned surveys. Task A. Launch and Complete Assigned Survey From the Home page, filter the To-Do List to show only Surveys. Hover over the course evaluation title. Click Open. 1 2 3 3 2 1 Launch and Complete Assigned Survey 6 Steps Task A SuccessFactors Learning v 6.4 User Job Aid Launching and Completing Assigned Survey © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 2 - SuccessFactors Learning Complete the survey by selecting the radio button for the appropriate rating

124

Non-thermal Cosmic Backgrounds from Blazars: the contribution to the CMB, X-ray and gamma-ray Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new assessment of the contribution of Blazars to the extragalactic background radiation across the e.m. spectrum. Our calculations rely on deep Blazar radio counts that we derived combining several multifrequency surveys. The integrated Blazar emission yields a broad-band non-thermal background that in some parts of the e.m. spectrum dominates the extragalactic brightness. Blazars are the main point-like contributors to the CMB. Their integrated emission causes an apparent T increase of 5-50 muK in the 50-250 GHz range. The CMB fluctuation spectrum is sensibly contaminated at l>300, for a Poissonian source distribution, or at lower l values if spatial clustering is present. We estimate that well over 100,000 Blazars will produce a significant signal in the PLANCK CMB anisotropy maps. Because of the microwave-Xray flux correlation, these sources are expected to have flux > a few 10^{-15} erg/s in the soft X-ray band. Thus, a large fraction of the foreground sources in CMB anisotropy maps could be identified and removed using a multi frequency approach, provided that a sufficiently deep all sky X-ray survey will be available. We further show that Blazars are a major constituent of all high-E extragalactic backgrounds. Their contribution is 11-12% at X-ray frequencies and possibly 100% in the 0.5-50 MeV band. At E>100 MeV, the Blazar collective emission, obtained extrapolating their integrated micro-wave flux to the gamma-ray band using the SED of EGRET detected sources, over-predicts the extragalactic background by a large factor, implying that Blazars not only dominate the gamma-ray sky but also that their average duty cycle at these frequencies must be rather low. We also find that Blazars of the HBL type may produce a significant amount of flux at TeV energies.

P. Giommi; S. Colafrancesco; E. Cavazzuti; M. Perri; C. Pittori

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

ORISE: Characterization surveys  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Characterization surveys Characterization surveys An ORISE technicians performs a characterization survey The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) performs independent, objective characterization surveys to define the extent of radiological contamination at sites scheduled for decontamination and decommissioning (D&D). A fundamental aspect of all D&D projects, characterization surveys provide guidance to determine the best remediation procedures and are a cost-effective method of ensuring a site meets preliminary regulatory standards. ORISE designs characterization surveys using the data quality objectives process. This approach focuses on the particular objective of characterization, and ensures that only the data needed to address the characterization decisions are collected. Data collection efforts are

126

Electric Utility Demand-Side Evaluation Methodologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"::. ELECTRIC UTILITY DEMAND-SIDE EVALUATION METHODOLOGIES* Nat Treadway Public Utility Commission of Texas Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The electric. util ity industry's demand-side management programs can be analyzed ?from various points... of view using a standard benefit-cost methodology. The methodology now in use by several. electric utilities and the Public Utility Commlsslon of Texas includes measures of efficiency and equity. The nonparticipant test as a measure of equity...

Treadway, N.

127

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology Justin Coleman, P.E. Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

128

Surveying and Cartography Packages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In attempting to meet the need for the very large number of different calculations that surveyors have to perform, surveying packages become collections of many diverse computation routines. For example, Survey S...

Howard Falk

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

AASG State Geological Survey  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.Contributions to the NGDSAASG State Geological Survey

130

Surveying the dark side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......next generation of imaging surveys driven by dark-energy science typically feature...specifications for both the Dark Energy Survey (DES, see Abbott et al...References Abbott T et al. 2005 Dark Energy Survey Collaboration arXiv:astro-ph......

Roberto Trotta; Richard Bower

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

TEC Working Group Background | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TEC Working Group Background TEC Working Group Background TEC Working Group Background Through the TEC/WG, DOE interacted with representatives of organizations at the state, tribal, and local levels to obtain input for program needs assessment, development and management, and to enhance their capability to carry out transportation emergency preparedness and safety activities specifically related to radioactive materials shipments. TEC membership included representatives from national, state, tribal and local government organizations, labor, industry and professional groups. Members meet semiannually to participate in plenary sessions, breakout work sessions, and in more specialized Topic Groups. To learn more about the history and background of TEC, please see the following documents:

132

TEC Working Group Background | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Background Background TEC Working Group Background Through the TEC/WG, DOE interacted with representatives of organizations at the state, tribal, and local levels to obtain input for program needs assessment, development and management, and to enhance their capability to carry out transportation emergency preparedness and safety activities specifically related to radioactive materials shipments. TEC membership included representatives from national, state, tribal and local government organizations, labor, industry and professional groups. Members meet semiannually to participate in plenary sessions, breakout work sessions, and in more specialized Topic Groups. To learn more about the history and background of TEC, please see the following documents: TEC Charter TEC Work Plan

133

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

314 LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background BPA's low income program began in 1980, serving the states of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Over time the...

134

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. allbulbshiresweb.eps More Documents & Publications Lighting Choices - White Background Lighting Choices...

135

Background Concentrations of Trace Metals in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quality Assurance Plan (RQAP) by Florida State Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP). l To select standard reference materials (SRMs). METHODOLOGY A RQAP was prepared based on the FDEP quality assurance manual and revised according to RQAP review checklists (FDER, 1992). Four hundred twenty eight soil

Ma, Lena

136

Atmospheric muon background in the ANTARES detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An evaluation of the background due to atmospheric muons in the ANTARES high energy neutrino telescope is presented. Two different codes for atmospheric shower simulation have been used. Results from comparisons between these codes at sea level and detector level are presented. The first results on the capability of ANTARES to reject this class of background are given.

S. Cecchini; E. Korolkova; A. Margiotta; L. Thompson

2005-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

RESOLVING THE RADIO SOURCE BACKGROUND: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING THROUGH CONFUSION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to image one primary beam area at 3 GHz with 8'' FWHM resolution and 1.0 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} rms noise near the pointing center. The P(D) distribution from the central 10 arcmin of this confusion-limited image constrains the count of discrete sources in the 1 < S({mu}Jy) < 10 range. At this level, the brightness-weighted differential count S {sup 2} n(S) is converging rapidly, as predicted by evolutionary models in which the faintest radio sources are star-forming galaxies; and Almost-Equal-To 96% of the background originating in galaxies has been resolved into discrete sources. About 63% of the radio background is produced by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the remaining 37% comes from star-forming galaxies that obey the far-infrared (FIR)/radio correlation and account for most of the FIR background at {lambda} Almost-Equal-To 160 {mu}m. Our new data confirm that radio sources powered by AGNs and star formation evolve at about the same rate, a result consistent with AGN feedback and the rough correlation of black hole and stellar masses. The confusion at centimeter wavelengths is low enough that neither the planned Square Kilometre Array nor its pathfinder ASKAP EMU survey should be confusion limited, and the ultimate source detection limit imposed by 'natural' confusion is {<=}0.01 {mu}Jy at {nu} = 1.4 GHz. If discrete sources dominate the bright extragalactic background reported by ARCADE 2 at 3.3 GHz, they cannot be located in or near galaxies and most are {<=}0.03 {mu}Jy at 1.4 GHz.

Condon, J. J.; Cotton, W. D.; Fomalont, E. B.; Kellermann, K. I. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Miller, N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Perley, R. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Scott, D.; Vernstrom, T.; Wall, J. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1C1 (Canada)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

Covariance Evaluation Methodology for Neutron Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the NNDC-BNL methodology for estimating neutron cross section covariances in thermal, resolved resonance, unresolved resonance and fast neutron regions. The three key elements of the methodology are Atlas of Neutron Resonances, nuclear reaction code EMPIRE, and the Bayesian code implementing Kalman filter concept. The covariance data processing, visualization and distribution capabilities are integral components of the NNDC methodology. We illustrate its application on examples including relatively detailed evaluation of covariances for two individual nuclei and massive production of simple covariance estimates for 307 materials. Certain peculiarities regarding evaluation of covariances for resolved resonances and the consistency between resonance parameter uncertainties and thermal cross section uncertainties are also discussed.

Herman,M.; Arcilla, R.; Mattoon, C.M.; Mughabghab, S.F.; Oblozinsky, P.; Pigni, M.; Pritychenko, b.; Songzoni, A.A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site Title Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-51938 Year of Publication 2005 Authors Pinckard, Margaret J., Richard E. Brown, Evan Mills, James D. Lutz, Mithra M. Moezzi, Celina S. Atkinson, Christopher A. Bolduc, Gregory K. Homan, and Katie Coughlin Document Number LBNL-51938 Pagination 108 Date Published July 13 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract The Home Energy Saver (HES, http://HomeEnergySaver.lbl.gov) is an interactive web site designed to help residential consumers make decisions about energy use in their homes. This report describes the underlying methods and data for estimating energy consumption. Using engineering models, the site estimates energy consumption for six major categories (end uses); heating, cooling, water heating, major appliances, lighting, and miscellaneous equipment. The approach taken by the Home Energy Saver is to provide users with initial results based on a minimum of user input, allowing progressively greater control in specifying the characteristics of the house and energy consuming appliances. Outputs include energy consumption (by fuel and end use), energy-related emissions (carbon dioxide), energy bills (total and by fuel and end use), and energy saving recommendations. Real-world electricity tariffs are used for many locations, making the bill estimates even more accurate. Where information about the house is not available from the user, default values are used based on end-use surveys and engineering studies. An extensive body of qualitative decision-support information augments the analytical results.

140

Developing new methodology for nuclear power plants vulnerability assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental aim of an efficient regulatory emergency preparedness and response system is to provide sustained emergency readiness and to prevent emergency situations and accidents. But when an event occurs, the regulatory mission is to mitigate consequences and to protect people and the environment against nuclear and radiological damage. The regulatory emergency response system, which would be activated in the case of a nuclear and/or radiological emergency and release of radioactivity to the environment, is an important element of a comprehensive national regulatory system of nuclear and radiation safety. In the past, national emergency systems explicitly did not include vulnerability assessments of the critical nuclear infrastructure as an important part of a comprehensive preparedness framework. But after the huge terrorist attack on 11/09/2001, decision-makers became aware that critical nuclear infrastructure could also be an attractive target to terrorism, with the purpose of using the physical and radioactive properties of the nuclear material to cause mass casualties, property damage, and detrimental economic and/or environmental impacts. The necessity to evaluate critical nuclear infrastructure vulnerability to threats like human errors, terrorist attacks and natural disasters, as well as preparation of emergency response plans with estimation of optimized costs, are of vital importance for assurance of safe nuclear facilities operation and national security. In this paper presented new methodology and solution methods for vulnerability assessment can help the overall national energy sector to identify and understand the terrorist threats to and vulnerabilities of its critical infrastructure. Moreover, adopted methodology could help national regulators and agencies to develop and implement a vulnerability awareness and education programs for their critical assets to enhance the security and a safe operation of the entire energy infrastructure. New methods can also assist nuclear power plants to develop, validate, and disseminate assessment and surveys of new efficient countermeasures. Consequently, concise description of developed new quantitative method and adapted new methodology for nuclear regulatory vulnerability assessment of nuclear power plants are presented.

Venceslav Kostadinov

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Field Assessment Tool for Deep Peat This methodology is designed to be undertaken at a site which has already been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field Assessment Tool for Deep Peat This methodology is designed to be undertaken at a site which has already been subject to desk based survey (and / or National Assessment). Where an area of deep to deliver greatest ecosystem service benefit. It should also help decide which sites should be prioritised

142

Background field method as a canonical transformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We construct explicitly the canonical transformation which controls the full dependence (local and nonlocal) of the vertex functional of a Yang-Mills theory on a background field. After showing that the canonical transformation found is nothing but a direct field-theoretic generalization of the Lie transform of classical analytical mechanics, we comment on a number of possible applications, and, in particular, the nonperturbative implementation of the background field method on the lattice, the background field formulation of the two-particle irreducible formalism, and, finally, the formulation of the Schwinger-Dyson series in the presence of topologically nontrivial configurations.

D. Binosi and A. Quadri

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

143

Background considerations for SuperCDMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rejection and protection from background is a key issue for the next generation SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment that will have a cross-section sensitivity of better than 8 × 10{sup ?46} cm{sup 2} for spin-independent WIMP-nucleon interactions. This paper presents the details of the methods used to reject electromagnetic backgrounds using the new iZIP detectors that are currently operated in the Soudan Underground Laboratory, MN and the methods the collaboration is investigating to protect against neutron background in the next generation SuperCDMS experiment.

Cooley, J. [Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275 (United States); Collaboration: SuperCDMS Collaboration

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

144

Integrated Computer Software for Process Design Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR PROCESS DESIGN METHODOLOGY Rajeev Gautam Union Carbide Corporation South Charleston, West Virginia A computer-aided system for synthesis, simulation and optimization of heat exchanger networks will be described...

Gautam, R.

145

NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy: Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy: Methodology Energy Technology (RET) projects. These climatological profiles are used for designing systems that have for implementing RETs, there are inherent problems in using them for resource assessment. Ground measurement

Firestone, Jeremy

146

The PIE Methodology — Concept and Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This methodology is concerned with technologies for supporting contemporary business processes. In particular, it concerns those that are long-lived, critical to the businesses’ success, are distributed and su...

Pierre-Yves Cunin; R. Mark Greenwood; Laurent Francou…

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Analysis Methodology for Industrial Load Profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY FOR INDUSTRIAL LOAD PROFILES Thomas W. Reddoch Executive Vice President Eleclrolek Concepts, Inc. Knoxvillc, Tennessee ABSTRACT A methodology is provided for evaluating the impact of various demand-side management... (OSM) options on industrial customers. The basic approach uses customer metered load profile data as a basis for the customer load shape. OSM technologies are represented as load shapes and are used as a basis for altering the customers existing...

Reddoch, T. W.

148

A planning methodology for arterial streets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PLANNING METHODOLOGY FOR ARTERIAL STREETS A Thesis by MARC DARYL WILLIAMS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991... Major Subject: Civil Engineering A PLANNING METHODOLOGY FOR ARTERIAL STREETS A Thesis by MARC DARYL WILLIAMS Approved as to style and content by: Daniel B. Fambro (Chair of Committee) J. T. . Yao (Head of Department) Kim Q. Hill (Member...

Williams, Marc Daryl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

149

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background BPA's low income program began in in the mid-80s, serving the states of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Over time...

150

Environmental Permit Application Background Statement (Delaware)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of Chapter 79 of Delaware Title 7 is to ensure that the State has adequate information about the background of applicants or regulated parties for the purposes of processing permits and...

151

Background Knowledge, Category Labels, and Similarity Judgment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are more special than shared physical features. The goal of this dissertation is to provide evidence that complements these conflicting views. I suggest that the role of labels varies depending on the background knowledge: types of categories (living things...

Yu, Na-Yung

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

152

A design methodology for unattended monitoring systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors presented a high-level methodology for the design of unattended monitoring systems, focusing on a system to detect diversion of nuclear materials from a storage facility. The methodology is composed of seven, interrelated analyses: Facility Analysis, Vulnerability Analysis, Threat Assessment, Scenario Assessment, Design Analysis, Conceptual Design, and Performance Assessment. The design of the monitoring system is iteratively improved until it meets a set of pre-established performance criteria. The methodology presented here is based on other, well-established system analysis methodologies and hence they believe it can be adapted to other verification or compliance applications. In order to make this approach more generic, however, there needs to be more work on techniques for establishing evaluation criteria and associated performance metrics. They found that defining general-purpose evaluation criteria for verifying compliance with international agreements was a significant undertaking in itself. They finally focused on diversion of nuclear material in order to simplify the problem so that they could work out an overall approach for the design methodology. However, general guidelines for the development of evaluation criteria are critical for a general-purpose methodology. A poor choice in evaluation criteria could result in a monitoring system design that solves the wrong problem.

SMITH,JAMES D.; DELAND,SHARON M.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Microsoft Word - Appendix A_Background.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Background Information, Remedial Action Histories, Background Information, Remedial Action Histories, Present Site Conditions U.S. Department of Energy Weldon Spring Site LTS&M Plan July 2005 Doc. No. S0079000 Page A-iii Contents A1.1 Location and Property Ownership ................................................................................1 A1.2 Physiography and Topography.....................................................................................4 A1.3 Hydrogeology ...............................................................................................................5 A1.3.1 Regional ...........................................................................................................5 A1.3.2 Chemical Plant .................................................................................................5

154

Preliminary Results from the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) is a 13-element interferometer designed to image intrinsic anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) on arcminute scales. A review of the capabilities of the instrument is presented, together with a discussion of observations which have been taken over the past 9 months from the Atacama desert of Chile. We present preliminary high-resolution mosaiced images of the CMB obtained from recent CBI data and discuss topics which the CBI will address in the near future.

B. S. Mason; J. K. Cartwright; S. Padin; T. J. Pearson; A. C. S. Readhead; M. Shepherd; J. Sievers; P. Udomprasert

2001-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

155

Fractal generation of textures and backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL GENERATION OF TEXTURES AND BACKGROUNDS A Thesis by KEVIN DUANE REUTER Subtnitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfilhnent of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1999... Major Subject; Visualization Sciences FRACTAL GENERATION OF TEXTURES AND BACKGROUNDS A Thesis by KEVIN DUANE REUTER Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfilhnent of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Reuter, Kevin Duane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

156

Jokestega: automatic joke generation-based steganography methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel steganography methodology, namely Automatic Joke Generation Based Steganography Methodology Jokestega, that pursues textual jokes in order to hide messages. Basically, Jokestega methodology takes advantage of recent advances ...

Abdelrahman Desoky

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The Chandra Deep Field–North Survey and the cosmic X–ray background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the University of Hawaii, the University of Wisconsin, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the California Institute of Technology...B. 1962 Evidence for X-rays from sources outside the solar system. Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 439{443. Giacconi, R...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Research background, approach, and methodologies for ensuring safety, integrity, and value optimization in the global biopharmaceutical supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the biomanufacturing (BioMAN) initiative within the MIT Center for Biomedical Innovation enters its third year of active research, the competitive landscape and sources of resources to support biomanufacturing research ...

Domike, Reuben Dumont, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Developing a Methodology for Characterizing the Effects of Building Materials’ Natural Radiation Background on a Radiation Portal Monitoring System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sponsors of this research, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). vi NOMENCLATURE EW Energy Windowing FWHM Full-Width at Half Maximum HEU Highly Enriched Uranium HPGe High-Purity Germanium ISOCS In-Situ Object Counting System MCA Multichannel... Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material ? Diameter ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PMT Photomultiplier Tube PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PVT Polyvinyl Toluene RDD Radiological Dispersal Device vii RPM Radiation Portal Monitor...

Fitzmaurice, Matthew Blake 1988-

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

160

XSEDE Cloud Survey Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XSEDE Cloud Survey Report David Lifka, Cornell Center for Advanced Computing Ian Foster, ANL, ANL and The University of Chicago A National Science Foundation-sponsored cloud user survey was conducted from September 2012 to April 2013 by the XSEDE Cloud Integration Investigation Team to better

Walter, M.Todd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background The commercial sector encompasses a vast range of building types-service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as certain buildings that would not be considered "commercial" in a traditional economic sense, such as public and private schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with

162

NASA Customer Satisfaction Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Customer Satisfaction Survey Customer Satisfaction Survey NASA's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) would like to encourage you to participate in the NASA ESDIS 2013 American Customer Satisfaction Survey. The ORNL DAAC is one of twelve data centers sponsored by NASA's Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) project. The ESDIS project uses the results of this survey to evaluate our success and to determine where improvements are needed. Invitations will be sent to you, our users, from CFI Group [CFI Group on behalf of NASA (NASA@jangomail.com)] during the week of August 20, 2013. Each invitation will reference us as "ORNL DAAC / FLUXNET", and contain a unique secure link to this Web-based anonymous survey. We encourage you to participate!

163

Modeling of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate soot reactivity Modeling of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate soot reactivity Discussed...

164

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of Co-Firing Biomass in Pulverized Coal Plants Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of...

165

Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and...

166

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress This Report to Congress, published in August 2006,...

167

A Review of Geothermal Resource Estimation Methodology | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to library Conference Paper: A Review of Geothermal Resource Estimation Methodology Abstract The reliability of resource estimation methodology has become increasingly...

168

2013 Survey of Non-Starch Ethanol and Renewable Hydrocarbon Biofuels Producers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand the status of the industry for non-starch ethanol and renewable hydrocarbon biofuels as of the end of calendar year 2013, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted the first of what is anticipated to be an annual survey of U.S. non-starch ethanol and renewable hydrocarbon biofuels producers. This report presents the results of this initial survey and describes the survey methodology. Subsequent surveys will report on the progress over time of the development of these facilities and companies.

Schwab, A.; Geiger, J.; Lewis, J.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Cosmology with SKA Radio Continuum Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radio continuum surveys have, in the past, been of restricted use in cosmology. Most studies have concentrated on cross-correlations with the cosmic microwave background to detect the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect, due to the large sky areas that can be surveyed. As we move into the SKA era, radio continuum surveys will have sufficient source density and sky area to play a major role in cosmology on the largest scales. In this chapter we summarise the experiments that can be carried out with the SKA as it is built up through the coming decade. We show that the SKA can play a unique role in constraining the non-Gaussianity parameter to \\sigma(f_NL) ~ 1, and provide a unique handle on the systematics that inhibit weak lensing surveys. The SKA will also provide the necessary data to test the isotropy of the Universe at redshifts of order unity and thus evaluate the robustness of the cosmological principle.Thus, SKA continuum surveys will turn radio observations into a central probe of cosmological research in th...

Jarvis, Matt J; Blake, Chris; Brown, Michael L; Lindsay, Sam N; Raccanelli, Alvise; Santos, Mario; Schwarz, Dominik

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The GP Patient Survey for use in primary care in the National Health Service in the UK - development and psychometric characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Background The UK National GP Patient Survey is one of the largest ever survey programmes of patients registered to receive primary health care, inviting five million respondents to report their experience of NHS primary healthcare...

Campbell, John; Smith, Patten; Nissen, Sonja; Bower, Peter; Elliott, Marc; Roland, Martin

2009-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

171

Non-thermal Cosmic Backgrounds from Blazars: the contribution to the CMB, X-ray and gamma-ray Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new assessment of the contribution of Blazars to the extragalactic background radiation across the e.m. spectrum. Our calculations rely on deep Blazar radio counts that we derived combining several multifrequency surveys. The integrated Blazar emission yields a broad-band non-thermal background that in some parts of the e.m. spectrum dominates the extragalactic brightness. Blazars are the main point-like contributors to the CMB. Their integrated emission causes an apparent T increase of 5-50 muK in the 50-250 GHz range. The CMB fluctuation spectrum is sensibly contaminated at l>300, for a Poissonian source distribution, or at lower l values if spatial clustering is present. We estimate that well over 100,000 Blazars will produce a significant signal in the PLANCK CMB anisotropy maps. Because of the microwave-Xray flux correlation, these sources are expected to have flux > a few 10^{-15} erg/s in the soft X-ray band. Thus, a large fraction of the foreground sources in CMB anisotropy maps could be ...

Giommi, P; Cavazzuti, E; Perri, M; Pittori, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mission and Goals Mission and Goals Organization Chart and Contacts Background U.S. DRIVE Partnership Budget Timeline Program Activities Advisory Panels External Coordination U.S. Department of Energy Search help Home > About > Background Printable Version Background In the early 1970s, concern over our growing dependence on imported petroleum, coupled with concerns about our deteriorating air quality due to emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, spurred the Federal government to act. The timeline below provides policy and programmatic highlights for federally supported hydrogen and fuel cell R&D over the last three decades. Federal Support for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell R&D Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader.

173

National Climate Assessment: Background and Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Background and Process Print E-mail Background and Process Print E-mail Please view the links below to find out more about the background and process of the National Climate Assessment: National Climate Assessment Development & Advisory Committee Charter ( PDF) National Climate Assessment Proposed 2013 Report Outline [updated on 12/08/2011] (PDF) Strategy On May 20th, 2011 the National Climate Assessment released the following two strategy documents: National Climate Assessment Strategy Summary National Climate Assessment Engagement Strategy Federal Register Notices November 18, 2013 National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC) Notice of Open Meeting pdf | html A Notice by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on 10/29/2013 This notice sets forth the schedule of a forthcoming meeting of the DoC NOAA National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC).

174

Monitored Retrievable Storage Background | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Monitored Retrievable Storage Background Monitored Retrievable Storage Background Monitored Retrievable Storage Background `The U.S. Government is seeking a site for a monitored retrievable storage facility (MRS). Employing proven technologies used in this country and abroad, the MRS will be an Integral part of the Federal system for safe and permanent disposal of the nation's high-level radioactive wastes. The MRS will accept shipments of spent fuel from commercial nuclear power plants, temporarily store the spent fuel above ground, and stage shipments of it to a geologic repository for permanent disposal. The law authorizing the MRS provides an opportunity for a State or an Indian Tribe to volunteer to host the MRS. The law establishes the Office of the Nuclear Waste Negotiator, who Is 10 seek a State or an Indian Tribe

175

Cosmological origin of anomalous radio background  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ARCADE 2 collaboration has reported a significant excess in the isotropic radio background, whose homogeneity cannot be reconciled with clustered sources. This suggests a cosmological origin prior to structure formation. We investigate several potential mechanisms and show that injection of relativistic electrons through late decays of a metastable particle can give rise to the observed excess radio spectrum through synchrotron emission. However, constraints from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy, on injection of charged particles and on the primordial magnetic field, present a challenge. The simplest scenario is with a ?>9 GeV particle decaying into e{sup +}e{sup ?} at a redshift of z ? 5, in a magnetic field of ? 5?G, which exceeds the CMB B-field constraints, unless the field was generated after decoupling. Decays into exotic millicharged particles can alleviate this tension, if they emit synchroton radiation in conjunction with a sufficiently large background magnetic field of a dark U(1)' gauge field.

Cline, James M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montréal, Québec, H3A 2T8 Canada (Canada); Vincent, Aaron C., E-mail: jcline@physics.mcgill.ca, E-mail: vincent@ific.uv.es [Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Universitat de València - CSIC, 46071, Valencia (Spain)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

MCNP Techniques for Modeling Sodium Iodide Spectra of Kiwi Surveys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work demonstrates how MCNP can be used to predict the response of mobile search and survey equipment from base principles. The instrumentation evaluated comes from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Aerial Measurement Systems. Through reconstructing detector responses to various point-source measurements, detector responses to distributed sources can be estimated through superposition. Use of this methodology for currently deployed systems allows predictive determinations of activity levels and distributions for common configurations of interest. This work helps determine the quality and efficacy of certain surveys in fully characterizing an effected site following a radiological event of national interest.

Robert B. Hayes

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

INTERIM REPORT--INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION SURVEY OF SECTION 3, SURVEY UNITS 1, 4 AND 5 EXCAVATED SURFACES, WHITTAKER CORPORATION, REYNOLDS INDUSTRIAL PARK, TRANSFER, PENNSYLVANIA DCN: 5002-SR-04-0"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's request, ORAU's IEAV program conducted verification surveys on the excavated surfaces of Section 3, SUs 1, 4, and 5 at the Whittaker site on March 13 and 14, 2013. The survey activities included visual inspections, gamma radiation surface scans, gamma activity measurements, and soil sampling activities. Verification activities also included the review and assessment of the licensee?s project documentation and methodologies. Surface scans identified four areas of elevated direct gamma radiation distinguishable from background; one area within SUs 1 and 4 and two areas within SU5. One area within SU5 was remediated by removing a golf ball size piece of slag while ORAU staff was onsite. With the exception of the golf ball size piece of slag within SU5, a review of the ESL Section 3 EXS data packages for SUs 1, 4, and 5 indicated that these locations of elevated gamma radiation were also identified by the ESL gamma scans and that ESL personnel performed additional investigations and soil sampling within these areas. The investigative results indicated that the areas met the release criteria.

ADAMS, WADE C

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

178

Cosmic Microwave Background Tests of Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inflation provides a unified paradigm for understanding the isotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the flatness problem, and the origin of large-scale structure. Although the physics responsible for inflation is not yet well understood, slow-roll inflation generically makes several predictions: a flat Universe, primordial adiabatic density perturbations, and a stochastic gravity-wave background. Inflation further predicts specific relations between the amplitudes and shapes of the spectrum of density perturbations and gravity waves. There are now excellent prospects for testing precisely these predictions with forthcoming CMB temperature and polarization maps. Here I discuss these new CMB tests of inflation.

Marc Kamionkowski

1998-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

179

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Speaker(s): Anil Aswani Date: September 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter This talk describes the use of empirical methodologies that we have developed for the purpose of improving heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) efficiency through better control algorithms and configuration. We show that semiparametric regression can both identify simplified models of thermal HVAC dynamics while also estimating time-varying heating loads using only real-time temperature measurements from thermostats. These models can be used with our learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC) method in order to improve the energy-efficiency of HVAC. Experiments on testbeds with different types of HVAC show the

180

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

182

Searching for dust in the intracluster medium from reddening of background galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a search for the presence of dust in the intra-cluster medium based on the study of statistical reddening of background galaxies. Armed with the Red Sequence Cluster survey data, from which we extracted (i) a catalog of 458 clusters with z_clust = 0.005 pm 0.008, and = 0.000 pm 0.008] were found for galaxies background to the clusters, compared to the references. Assuming a Galactic extinction law, we derive an average visual extinction of = 0.004 pm 0.010 towards the inner 1x R_200 of clusters.

Sebastien Muller; Szu-Ying Wu; Bau-Ching Hsieh; Rosa Gonzalez; Laurent Loinard; Howard Yee; Mike Gladders

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

183

Background Simulations for the International Linear Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on superconducting technology to collide bunches of electrons and positrons. The baseline configuration (about 31 km in a clean experimental environment with low backgrounds. The LHC will likely discover the Higgs boson accelerator directly. DESY FLC, 22603 Hamburg, Germany, adrian.vogel@desy.de 1 #12;Figure 1: Overall view

184

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background This thesis describes a multi-agent based architecture of the research and an outline plan for the rest of this thesis complete the chapter. 1.2 Software Project and monitor progress to check the development is on time and within budget. #12;3 1.3 Software Project

O'Connor, Rory

185

1 Introduction 1.1 Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;3 1 Introduction 1.1 Background Research method is a relevant topic to anybody performing. 1.2 Classical Research, Technology and Technology Research The term research is defined in several different ways. According to Merriam-Webster [1], research is "investigation or experimentation aimed

Stølen, Ketil

186

Internships at VSTEP BV Background VSTEP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the effect of the current on the ship's manoeuvring characteristics needs to be implemented. 5. A damage (www.quest3d.com) and C++. Background Ship Simulator 2006 One of VSTEP's more recent products is a PC game called Ship Simulator 2006 (www.shipsim.com), in store in many countries since June 2006

Vuik, Kees

187

Carbon Management and Implementation Plan 1. Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the College's energy efficiency and use of resources by integrating sustainability with corporate strategiesCarbon Management and Implementation Plan 1. Background Energy security and the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases which contribute to climate change are one of the biggest challenges facing us

Chittka, Lars

188

Background estimation using a robust Bayesian analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel method for the estimation of the background in a powder diffraction pattern has been developed using a robust Bayesian analysis. The underlying probability theory is discussed in terms of going beyond the Gaussian approximation normally associated with counting statistics and least-squares analysis, and various examples are presented that illustrate the general applicability of the approach.

David, W.I.F.

2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

189

UCHC Lockout/Tagout Policy Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCHC Lockout/Tagout Policy (4/09) Background: This safety policy is applicable to all Health Center: Lockout will be utilized for equipment which is designed with a lockout capability. A valve that can be locked out with a chain is considered as having a lockout capability. Only the Office of Research Safety

Kim, Duck O.

190

Cosmic IR Backgrounds Ned Wright (UCLA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cosmic IR Backgrounds by Ned Wright (UCLA) http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/intro.html See: · http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/cosmolog.htm · http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/DIRBE · http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/CIBR · http

Wright, Edward L. "Ned"

191

Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism: 1) What is Magnetism?Magnetism is a force or repulsion due to charge is called the electric force. But what about magnetism, is there a fundamental property of some matter that makes things magnetic? The answer is: "sort of." Electric current

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

192

Texas County Fairs: A Report of Survey Results.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and to provide an evaluation tool for fair managers. METHODOLOGY An official list of county fair representatives to receive the survey was developed through assistance from the Texas Association of Fairs and Expositions (TAFE) and county administrators... 76571 1 County een J-C's Fair , ~ John R. Cowsert P. O. Box 878 Killeen, Texas 76541 APPENDIX II FESTIVALS, FAIRS AND EVENTS IN TEXAS* Listed by County in Alphabetical Order Bexar County Fiesta San Antonio c/o Davis Burnett, Jr. 306 N. Presa...

Watt, Carson E.; Wicks, Bruce E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Background information for programs to improve the energy efficiency of Northwest residential rental property  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared for the Office of Conservation, Bonneville Power Administration. The report will be used by the Office as background information to support future analysis and implementation of electricity conservation programs for owners of residential rental housing in the Northwest. The principal objective of the study was to review market research information relating to attitudes and actions of Northwest rental housing owners and, to a lesser extent, tenants toward energy conservation and energy-efficiency improvements. Available market research data on these subjects were found to be quite limited. The most useful data were two surveys of Seattle rental housing owners conducted in late 1984 for Seattle City Light. Several other surveys provided supplemental market research information in selected areas. In addition to market research information, the report also includes background information on rental housing characteristics in the Northwest.

Hendrickson, P.L.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

f8J 0 Hazardous A. ir Pollutants? Is the project subject to emissions limitations in an Air Quality 0 f8J 0 Control Region? 2 Revised on: 1111212008 NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY Impacts...

195

Dark Energy Survey  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Members of the Dark Energy Survey collaboration explain what they hope to learn by studying the southern sky with the world's most advanced digital camera, mounted on a telescope in Chile.

Roodman, Aaron; Nord, Brian; Elliot, Ann

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

196

Dark Energy Survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Members of the Dark Energy Survey collaboration explain what they hope to learn by studying the southern sky with the world's most advanced digital camera, mounted on a telescope in Chile.

Roodman, Aaron; Nord, Brian; Elliot, Ann

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

197

Operations Improvement Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1981 timeframe. The first 20% of energy savings, versus the 1972 reference, had already been captured or was in progress via conventional energy conservation methods. The site energy surveys identified attractive investments to save a second 20% of energy use...

Guide, J. J.; O'Brien, W. J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

MARSAME Develop A Survey Design 4 DEVELOP A SURVEY DESIGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MARSAME Develop A Survey Design 4 DEVELOP A SURVEY DESIGN 4.1 Introduction Once a decision rule has been developed, a disposition survey can be designed for the impacted materials and equipment (M costly and time-consuming development of redundant survey designs. The evaluation of existing SOPs

199

Research and Methodological Foundations of Transaction Log  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach to data collection and a research method for both system performance and user behavior analysis and users of that system. These log files can come from a variety of computers and systems (Websites interactions. Transaction log analysis is the methodological approach to studying online systems and users

Jansen, James

200

Methodology in Biological Game Simon M. Huttegger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Huttegger and Zollman Methodology in Biological Game Theory ESS Method Describe a game Find all the stable states (ESS) If there is only one, conclude this one is evolutionarily significant #12;Huttegger An Evolutionarily Stable Strategy (ESS) Pooling equilibrium Not an ESS Hybrid equilibrium Not an ESS #12;Huttegger

Zollman, Kevin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 23 Synthese An International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and Philosophy of Science ISSN on . . . : reasoning with infinite diagrams Solomon Feferman #12;1 23 Your article is protected by copyright and all:371­386 DOI 10.1007/s11229-011-9985-6 And so on ...: reasoning with infinite diagrams Solomon Feferman

Feferman, Solomon

202

Developing multiagent systems: The Gaia methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systems composed of interacting autonomous agents offer a promising software engineering approach for developing applications in complex domains. However, this multiagent system paradigm introduces a number of new abstractions and design/development ... Keywords: Multiagent systems, agent-oriented software engineering, analysis and design methodologies, distributed systems, software architectures

Franco Zambonelli; Nicholas R. Jennings; Michael Wooldridge

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Teaching Ethics in K-12 Classrooms: Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teaching Ethics in K-12 Classrooms: Methodology and Pedagogy Richard A. Burgess, M.A. Texas Tech T-STEM Center and Deputy Director, National Institute for Engineering Ethics Summer 2012 #12;Introduction · Teaching ethics is deceptively complex. · Ethics is the careful and rigorous examination of our beliefs

Gelfond, Michael

204

Grant review of statistical methodology at BMRD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grant review of statistical methodology at BMRD Jeremy M G Taylor University of Michigan #12;Outline 1) Statistical methods grants at NIH 2) BMRD, miconceptions 3) Recent BMRD events 4) BMRD description update 5) The review process 6) Types of grants at BMRD 7) The review criteria 8) Tips on grant

Carlin, Bradley P.

205

Conservation Cost-Effectiveness Determination Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Cost-Effectiveness Determination Methodology CONSERVATION COST-EFFECTIVENESS As with all other resources, the Council uses its portfolio model to determine how much conservation is cost the amount of savings achievable at varying costs. In order to capture the impact of variations in wholesale

206

Optimization Material Distribution methodology: Some electromagnetic examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

730 1 Optimization Material Distribution methodology: Some electromagnetic examples P. Boissoles, H. Ben Ahmed, M. Pierre, B. Multon Abstract--In this paper, a new approach towards Optimization Material to be highly adaptive to various kinds of electromagnetic actuator optimization approaches. Several optimal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

207

First National Climate Assessment: Background and Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Background and Process Print E-mail Background and Process Print E-mail Workshops of the First National Climate Assessment In February 1997, the U.S. Global Change Research Program and the Office of Science and Technology Policy initiated a series of Regional Climate Change Workshops with the goal of starting the process of examining the vulnerabilities of regions of the United States to climate variability and climate change. What was initially intended to be three or four workshops developed into a series of twenty, covering every state and territory of the United States. The workshops span from May 1997 to September 1998 and represented the first step in conducting a regional assessment. Each workshop was sponsored by one or more government agencies,and was carried out by coordinators from local institutions. For details on each workshop, including its geographic coverage, see:

208

Polarization Observations with the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polarization observations of the cosmic microwave background with the Cosmic Background Imager from September 2002 to May 2004 provide a significant detection of the E-mode polarization and reveal an angular power spectrum of polarized emission showing peaks and valleys that are shifted in phase by half a cycle relative to those of the total intensity spectrum. This key agreement between the phase of the observed polarization spectrum and that predicted based on the total intensity spectrum provides support for the standard model of cosmology, in which dark matter and dark energy are the dominant constituents, the geometry is close to flat, and primordial density fluctuations are predominantly adiabatic with a matter power spectrum commensurate with inflationary cosmological models.

A. C. S. Readhead; S. T. Myers; T. J. Pearson; J. L. Sievers; B. S. Mason; C. R. Contaldi; J. R. Bond; R. Bustos; P. Altamirano; C. Achermann; L. Bronfman; J. E. Carlstrom; J. K. Cartwright; S. Casassus; C. Dickinson; W. L. Holzapfel; J. M. Kovac; E. M. Leitch; J. May; S. Padin; D. Pogosyan; M. Pospieszalski; C. Pryke; R. Reeves; M. C. Shepherd; S. Torres

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

209

Sideband Mixing in Intense Laser Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electron propagator in a laser background has been shown to be made up of a series of sideband poles. In this paper we study this decomposition by analysing the impact of the residual gauge freedom in the Volkov solution on the sidebands. We show that the gauge transformations do not alter the location of the poles. The identification of the propagator from the two-point function is maintained but we show that the sideband structures mix under residual gauge transformations.

Martin Lavelle; David McMullan

2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

210

Cosmic Microwave Background: Past, Future, and Present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I explain the origin and evolution of anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and argue that upcoming experiments will measure cosmological and fundamental parameters very accurately. Most of the paper focuses on present data, which strongly suggest that the universe is flat. Several arguments are given to prove that present data sets are not contaminated by systematics. New techniques to compare different experiments visually are introduced. These are illustrated for two years of the MSAM and Python experiments.

Scott Dodelson

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

211

STEP Participant Survey Executive Summary  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

STEP Participant Survey Executive Summary, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

212

Hanford Site background: Part 1, Soil background for nonradioactive analytes. Revision 1, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The determination of soil background is one of the most important activities supporting environmental restoration and waste management on the Hanford Site. Background compositions serve as the basis for identifying soil contamination, and also as a baseline in risk assessment processes used to determine soil cleanup and treatment levels. These uses of soil background require an understanding of the extent to which analytes of concern occur naturally in the soils. This report documents the results of sampling and analysis activities designed to characterize the composition of soil background at the Hanford Site, and to evaluate the feasibility for use as Sitewide background. The compositions of naturally occurring soils in the vadose Zone have been-determined for-nonradioactive inorganic and organic analytes and related physical properties. These results confirm that a Sitewide approach to the characterization of soil background is technically sound and is a viable alternative to the determination and use of numerous local or area backgrounds that yield inconsistent definitions of contamination. Sitewide soil background consists of several types of data and is appropriate for use in identifying contamination in all soils in the vadose zone on the Hanford Site. The natural concentrations of nearly every inorganic analyte extend to levels that exceed calculated health-based cleanup limits. The levels of most inorganic analytes, however, are well below these health-based limits. The highest measured background concentrations occur in three volumetrically minor soil types, the most important of which are topsoils adjacent to the Columbia River that are rich in organic carbon. No organic analyte levels above detection were found in any of the soil samples.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Radiological Habits Survey: Dungeness, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exposure 39 4.9 Water based activities 42 5. TERRESTRIAL RADIATION PATHWAYS 44 5.1 Terrestrial survey area.1 Direct radiation survey area 50 6.2 Residential activities 51 6.3 Leisure activities 51 6.4 Commercial 12 2. THE SURVEY 14 2.1 Site activity 14 2.2 Survey objectives 15 2.3 Survey areas 16 2.4 Conduct

214

Imperial County baseline health survey potential impact of geothermal energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The survey purpose, methods, and statistical methods are presented. Results are discussed according to: area differences in background variables, area differences in health variables, area differences in annoyance reactions, and comparison of symptom frequencies with age, smoking, and drinking. Included in appendices are tables of data, enumeration forms, the questionnaire, interviewer cards, and interviewer instructions. (MHR)

Deane, M.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Radiological Habits Survey, HM Naval Base Clyde, Faslane 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environment Report RL 7/02 #12;2 SUMMARY 4 1. BACKGROUND 5 1.1 Regulation of radioactive waste discharges 5 1/y). Table 13. Adult consumption rates of potatoes from the survey area (kg/y). Table 14. Adult consumption

216

U.S. Scientific Team Draws on New Data, Multiple Scientific Methodologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Scientific Team Draws on New Data, Multiple Scientific Scientific Team Draws on New Data, Multiple Scientific Methodologies to Reach Updated Estimate of Oil Flows from BP's Well U.S. Scientific Team Draws on New Data, Multiple Scientific Methodologies to Reach Updated Estimate of Oil Flows from BP's Well June 15, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington - Based on updated information and scientific assessments, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar, and Chair of the National Incident Command's Flow Rate Technical Group (FRTG) Dr. Marcia McNutt (Director of the U.S. Geological Survey) today announced an improved estimate of how much oil is flowing from the leaking BP well. Secretary Chu, Secretary Salazar, and Dr. McNutt convened a group of federal and independent scientists on Monday to discuss new analyses and

217

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Range Management Survey Date: Range Management Survey Date: 12/6/10 DOE Code: 6730.020.0000 Contractor 8067-788 Code: Project Lead: I Anthony Bowler Project Overview We will use a backhoe to get samples for our range management survey. At each site. one or 1. Brief project descnptlon [include anything that two holes will be excavated, and the samples will be taken from 0-1' and 1-2' deep. After could 1mpad the environment] excavating and the samples taken. the remaining soli Will be replaced and tamped back into 2. Legal location place. 3. Duratfon of tile project See attached NPR-3 Maps for preliminary locations : N~ area well 6-A-2\ NVV SW Section 21 . 4. Major equipment to be used f Township 39N, Range 78E) Middle area well 48-1 -Sh (SE SW 34 Township 39N, Range 4 WU-LSIT£5

218

The Dark Energy Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the Dark Energy Survey (DES), a proposed optical-near infrared survey of 5000 sq. deg of the South Galactic Cap to ~24th magnitude in SDSS griz, that would use a new 3 sq. deg CCD camera to be mounted on the Blanco 4-m telescope at Cerro Telolo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). The survey data will allow us to measure the dark energy and dark matter densities and the dark energy equation of state through four independent methods: galaxy clusters, weak gravitational lensing tomography, galaxy angular clustering, and supernova distances. These methods are doubly complementary: they constrain different combinations of cosmological model parameters and are subject to different systematic errors. By deriving the four sets of measurements from the same data set with a common analysis framework, we will obtain important cross checks of the systematic errors and thereby make a substantial and robust advance in the precision of dark energy measurements.

The Dark Energy Survey Collaboration

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

219

An aerial radiological survey of the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory conducted an aerial radiological survey of the US Department of Energy's Nevada Test Site including three neighboring areas during August and September 1994. The survey team measured the terrestrial gamma radiation at the Nevada Test Site to determine the levels of natural and man-made radiation. This survey included the areas covered by previous surveys conducted from 1962 through 1993. The results of the aerial survey showed a terrestrial background exposure rate that varied from less than 6 microroentgens per hour (mR/h) to 50 mR/h plus a cosmic-ray contribution that varied from 4.5 mR/h at an elevation of 900 meters (3,000 feet) to 8.5 mR/h at 2,400 meters (8,000 feet). In addition to the principal gamma-emitting, naturally occurring isotopes (potassium-40, thallium-208, bismuth-214, and actinium-228), the man-made radioactive isotopes found in this survey were cobalt-60, cesium-137, europium-152, protactinium-234m an indicator of depleted uranium, and americium-241, which are due to human actions in the survey area. Individual, site-wide plots of gross terrestrial exposure rate, man-made exposure rate, and americium-241 activity (approximating the distribution of all transuranic material) are presented. In addition, expanded plots of individual areas exhibiting these man-made contaminations are given. A comparison is made between the data from this survey and previous aerial radiological surveys of the Nevada Test Site. Some previous ground-based measurements are discussed and related to the aerial data. In regions away from man-made activity, the exposure rates inferred from the gamma-ray measurements collected during this survey agreed very well with the exposure rates inferred from previous aerial surveys.

Hendricks, T J; Riedhauser, S R

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Methodology for reconstruction of historical food consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was written to provide the food consumption methodology to be used in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HDER) Project beyond Phase I (which ended in July 1990). In Phase I (Callaway 1992), baseline food consumption estimates (grams per day) for 10 primary food types in the original 10-county study region were derived from the 1977--1978 National Food Consumption Survey (USDA 1983). The baseline estimates were multiplied by the 1945:1977 ratios to produce consumption estimates for 1945. This ratio backcasting method used in Phase I to project consumption estimates from 1977 back to 1945 will be refined using additional USDA data to improve and document the acceptability of the ratios for deriving backcast consumption estimates. The number of food types and population groups will be expanded to provide more disaggregated estimates of food consumption. Food consumption estimates will be developed for 1945, 1951, and 1957. A database of individual diets will be created from which daily diets will be randomly selected for use in the dose model to calculate doses for reference individuals.

Anderson, D.M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Investigating surety methodologies for cognitive systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advances in cognitive science provide a foundation for new tools that promise to advance human capabilities with significant positive impacts. As with any new technology breakthrough, associated technical and non-technical risks are involved. Sandia has mitigated both technical and non-technical risks by applying advanced surety methodologies in such areas as nuclear weapons, nuclear reactor safety, nuclear materials transport, and energy systems. In order to apply surety to the development of cognitive systems, we must understand the concepts and principles that characterize the certainty of a system's operation as well as the risk areas of cognitive sciences. This SAND report documents a preliminary spectrum of risks involved with cognitive sciences, and identifies some surety methodologies that can be applied to potentially mitigate such risks. Some potential areas for further study are recommended. In particular, a recommendation is made to develop a cognitive systems epistemology framework for more detailed study of these risk areas and applications of surety methods and techniques.

Caudell, Thomas P. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Peercy, David Eugene; Mills, Kristy (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Caldera, Eva (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

DOE Vendor Communication Plan I. Background  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vendor Communication Plan Vendor Communication Plan I. Background On February 2, 2011, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) issued a memorandum entitled "Myth-Busting: Addressing Misconceptions to Improve Communication with Industry during the Acquisition Process." In addition to identifying and refuting common misconceptions about vendor engagement, the memorandum directed agencies to develop high-level vendor communication plans to discuss how each agency will reduce unnecessary barriers, publicize communication opportunities, and prioritize engagement opportunities for high-risk, complex programs or those that fail to attract new vendors during re-competitions.

223

New physics from the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the present status of the Cosmic Microwave Background, with some emphasis on the current and future implications for particle physics. Conclusions are: gravitational instability in a dark matter dominated universe grew today's structure; the Universe remained neutral until z<~50; the CMB power spectrum peaks at 150<~l<~350; the large-scale structure of spacetime appears to be simple; something like inflation is something like proven; we will learn a great deal about cosmology, astrophysics and particle physics from MAP and Planck.

Douglas Scott

1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

224

Microbial Fuel Cells:? Methodology and Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbial Fuel Cells:? Methodology and Technology† ... The choice of the parameter that is used for normalization depends on application, as many systems are not optimized for power production. ... In many MFCs the ohmic resistance plays a dominant role in defining the point of the maximum attainable power (MPP), partially due to the low ionic conductivity of the substrate solutions (71), but usually to a low degree of optimization in the fuel cell design. ...

Bruce E. Logan; Bert Hamelers; René Rozendal; Uwe Schröder; Jürg Keller; Stefano Freguia; Peter Aelterman; Willy Verstraete; Korneel Rabaey

2006-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

225

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials (Redirected from UNFCCC GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/metho Cost: Free References: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials[1] Logo: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials

226

A Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A risk-based sensor placement methodology is proposed to solve the problem of optimal location of sensors or detectors to protect population against the exposure to and effects of known and/or postulated chemical, biological, and/or radiological threats. Risk is calculated as a quantitative value representing population at risk from exposure against standard exposure levels. Historical meteorological data are used to characterize weather conditions as the frequency of wind speed and direction pairs. The meteorological data drive atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling of the threats, the results of which are used to calculate risk values. Sensor locations are determined via an iterative dynamic programming algorithm whereby threats captured or detected by sensors placed in prior stages are removed from consideration in subsequent stages. In addition to the risk-based placement algorithm, the proposed methodology provides a quantification of the marginal utility of each additional sensor or detector. Thus, the criterion for halting the iterative process can be the number of detectors available, a threshold marginal utility value, or the cumulative detection of a minimum factor of the total risk value represented by all threats. The methodology quantifies the effect of threat reduction measures, such as reduced probability of one or more threats due to administrative and/or engineering controls.

Lee, Ronald W [ORNL; Kulesz, James J [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Background noise spectra of global seismic stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over an extended period of time station noise spectra were collected from various sources for use in estimating the detection and location performance of global networks of seismic stations. As the database of noise spectra enlarged and duplicate entries became available, an effort was mounted to more carefully select station noise spectra while discarding others. This report discusses the methodology and criteria by which the noise spectra were selected. It also identifies and illustrates the station noise spectra which survived the selection process and which currently contribute to the modeling efforts. The resulting catalog of noise statistics not only benefits those who model network performance but also those who wish to select stations on the basis of their noise level as may occur in designing networks or in selecting seismological data for analysis on the basis of station noise level. In view of the various ways by which station noise were estimated by the different contributors, it is advisable that future efforts which predict network performance have available station noise data and spectral estimation methods which are compatible with the statistics underlying seismic noise. This appropriately requires (1) averaging noise over seasonal and/or diurnal cycles, (2) averaging noise over time intervals comparable to those employed by actual detectors, and (3) using logarithmic measures of the noise.

Wada, M.M.; Claassen, J.P.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/maroon_fusion.css background-image: url(../images/background.gif);  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/maroon_fusion.css body { background-image: url(../images/background.gif); ../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/ maroon_fusion.css body { background-color: #3e5c5f; ../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/ maroon_fusion.css #ToolbarVertical { background: #500000; maroon_fusion.css #Toolbar { background

Ahmad, Sajjad

229

Ambient intelligence: A survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article we survey ambient intelligence (AmI), including its applications, some of the technologies it uses, and its social and ethical implications. The applications include AmI at home, care of the elderly, healthcare, commerce, and business, ... Keywords: Ambient intelligence, agents, assisted living, multiagent systems, social and ethical issues

Fariba Sadri

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Geological Survey of Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...forms publication No. 679 of the Catalogue of volumes published by the Canadian Survey. It is addressed to the Hon. Clifford Sifton, M.P., Minister of the Interior, and contains many valuable reports of exploratory and geo-266 SCTENCE. FEBRUARY 16...

H. M. AMI.

1900-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

231

Solar Site Survey Toolkit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

After a couple outings, a principal technologist at Sandia National Laboratories saw a need for a travel kit that would have the necessary tools to make the task of site surveys more manageable and safer. They have had great success using the kit in the field already.

232

2010 Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey Page 1 of 20 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Department of Energy 2010 Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey: Trend Report (2006 and 2008 results have been recalculated to exclude Do Not Know/No Basis to Judge responses) Response Summary Surveys Completed 2010 Governmentwide 263,475 2010 Department of Energy 6,648 2008 Department of Energy 6,093 2006 Department of Energy 7,742 This 2010 Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey Report provides summary results for your department or agency. The results include Positive, Neutral, and Negative response percentages for each survey item. For each of the

233

Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with future SKA surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The imprint of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in large-scale structure can be used as a standard ruler for mapping out the cosmic expansion history, and hence for testing cosmological models. In this article we briefly describe the scientific background to the BAO technique, and forecast the potential of the Phase 1 and 2 SKA telescopes to perform BAO surveys using both galaxy catalogues and intensity mapping, assessing their competitiveness with current and future optical galaxy surveys. We find that a 25,000 sq. deg. intensity mapping survey on a Phase 1 array will preferentially constrain the radial BAO, providing a highly competitive 2% constraint on the expansion rate at z ~ 2. A 30,000 sq. deg. galaxy redshift survey on SKA2 will outperform all other planned experiments for z < 1.4.

Bull, Philip; Raccanelli, Alvise; Blake, Chris; Ferreira, Pedro G; Santos, Mario G; Schwarz, Dominik J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

FACILITY SURVEY & TRANSFER Facility Survey & Transfer Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SURVEY & TRANSFER SURVEY & TRANSFER Facility Survey & Transfer Overview Transfer Activities Checklist Pre-Survey Information Request Survey Report Content Detailed Walkdown Checklist Walkdown Checklist Clipboard Aids S & M Checklist Survey Report Example - Hot Storage Garden Survey Report Example - Tritium System Test Assembly Survey Report Example - Calutron Overview As DOE facilities become excess, many that are radioactively and/or chemically contaminated will become candidate for transfer to DOE-EM for deactivation and decommissioning. Requirements and guidance for such transfers are contained in:  DOE Order 430.1B Chg. 2, REAL PROPERTY & ASSET MANAGEMENT  DOE Guide 430.1-5, TRANSITION IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE The transfer process is illustrated in the Transfer Process figure. The purpose here is to provide examples of methods and

235

Integrated Scenario-based Design Methodology for Collaborative Technology Innovation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information technology innovation with an end-to-end Human and Social Sciences assistance. This methodologyIntegrated Scenario-based Design Methodology for Collaborative Technology Innovation Fabrice Forest Technological innovation often requires large scale collaborative partnership between many heterogeneous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Introduction and Overall Design Approach Design Methodology Issues.........................................................................................................................................................2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1-1 Section 1 Introduction and Overall Design Approach Design Methodology Issues.....................................................................................................................................5 Design Methodology Framework, examine current practices, and produce useful tools for drainage design in the future. Therefore

Pitt, Robert E.

237

A methodology for forecasting carbon dioxide flooding performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A methodology was developed for forecasting carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding performance quickly and reliably. The feasibility of carbon dioxide flooding in the Dollarhide Clearfork "AB" Unit was evaluated using the methodology. This technique is very...

Marroquin Cabrera, Juan Carlos

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Constraint satisfaction modules : a methodology for analog circuit design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes a methodology for solving convex constraint problems using analog circuits. It demonstrates how this methodology can be used to design circuits that solve function-fitting problems through ...

Mitros, Piotr, 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Notices Background The National Wildlife Refuge System  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

89 Federal Register 89 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 223 / Friday, November 20, 2009 / Notices Background The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee) (Administration Act), as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997, requires us to develop a CCP for each national wildlife refuge. The purpose for developing a CCP is to provide refuge managers with a 15-year plan for achieving refuge purposes and contributing toward the mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System, consistent with sound principles of fish and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our policies. In addition to outlining broad management direction on conserving wildlife and their habitats, CCPs identify wildlife-

240

Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background: Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) contain a wealth of information about the past history of the universe and the present values of cosmological parameters. I ouline some of the theoretical advances of the last few years. In particular, I emphasize that for a wide class of cosmological models, theorists can accurately calculate the spectrum to better than a percent. The specturm of anisotropies today is directly related to the pattern of inhomogeneities present at the time of recombination. This recognition leads to a powerful argument that will enable us to distinguish inflationary models from other models of structure formation. If the inflationary models turn out to be correct, the free parameters in these models will be determined to unprecedented accuracy by the upcoming satellite missions.

Scott Dodelson

1997-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fast neutron background measurements at shallow depths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on measurements of the neutron backgrounds for neutrino experiments at shallow depth (such as the proposed San Onofre neutrino oscillation experiment). A detector capable of pulse-shape discrimination measured the flux of fast neutrons at 20 mwe depth in the Stanford Underground Facility to be (1.07 {+-} 0.30) X 10{sup -6} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. An experiment, situated in the Tendon Gallery of the San Onofre Unit 2 reactor. studied spallation neutrons from muons traversing Pb and Cu. An underground experiment in the SUF, employing a detector filled with Gd-loaded liquid scintillator, is measuring the neutron production rate and multiplicity for muon spallation in low-A material (hydrocarbon-based liquid scintillator).

Chen, M.; Hertenberger, R.; Novikov, V. [Inst. of Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Dougherty, B.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Information Gains from Cosmic Microwave Background Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To shed light on the fundamental problems posed by Dark Energy and Dark Matter, a large number of experiments have been performed and combined to constrain cosmological models. We propose a novel way of quantifying the information gained by updates on the parameter constraints from a series of experiments which can either complement earlier measurements or replace them. For this purpose, we use the Kullback-Leibler divergence or relative entropy from information theory to measure differences in the posterior distributions in model parameter space from a pair of experiments. We apply this formalism to a historical series of Cosmic Microwave Background experiments ranging from Boomerang to WMAP, SPT, and Planck. Considering different combinations of these experiments, we thus estimate the information gain in units of bits and distinguish contributions from the reduction of statistical errors and the `surprise' corresponding to a significant shift of the parameters' central values. For this experiment series, we...

Seehars, Sebastian; Refregier, Alexandre; Paranjape, Aseem; Akeret, Joël

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Cosmic Microwave Background and Particle Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In forthcoming years, connections between cosmology and particle physics will be made increasingly important with the advent of a new generation of cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments. Here, we review a number of these links. Our primary focus is on new CMB tests of inflation. We explain how the inflationary predictions for the geometry of the Universe and primordial density perturbations will be tested by CMB temperature fluctuations, and how the gravitational waves predicted by inflation can be pursued with the CMB polarization. The CMB signatures of topological defects and primordial magnetic fields from cosmological phase transitions are also discussed. Furthermore, we review current and future CMB constraints on various types of dark matter (e.g. massive neutrinos, weakly interacting massive particles, axions, vacuum energy), decaying particles, the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, exotic cosmological topologies, and other new physics.

Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky

1999-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

244

2006 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 User Survey Results 6 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 15 | Next » 2006 User Survey Results Table of Contents Survey Results Users are invited to provide overall comments about NERSC: Here are the survey results: Respondent Demographics Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings All Usefulness Topics Hardware Resources Software Visualization and Data Analysis HPC Consulting Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Survey Results Many thanks to the 256 users who responded to this year's User Survey. This represents a response rate of about 13 percent of the active NERSC users. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's

245

Energy Storage Valuation Methodology and Supporting Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ben Kaun Ben Kaun Sr. Project Engineer Electricity Advisory Committee: Storage Valuation Panel 6-6-13 Energy Storage Valuation Methodology and Supporting Tool 2 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) * Independent, non-profit, collaborative research institute, with full spectrum electric industry coverage * EPRI members represent ~90% of energy delivered in the U.S. * Energy Storage Research Program has over 30 funding utility members 3 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Storage Valuation Can be Confusing! Renewable Integration Frequency Regulation Spinning Reserve Resource Adequacy Asset Utilization Voltage Support Reduced GHG? Lower Production Costs

246

Chinese Geological Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geological Survey Place: China Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Chinese body which is involved in surveys of geothermal sites. References: Chinese Geological Survey1 This...

247

Cosmology with weak lensing surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and future weak lensing surveys such as the Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM; e.g...Large-aperture Synoptic Survey Telescope will play a major...and future weak lensing surveys such as the Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM; e.g...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

ARM User Survey Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this survey was to obtain user feedback to, among other things, determine how to organize the exponentially growing data within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, and identify users’ preferred data analysis system. The survey findings appear to have met this objective, having received approximately 300 responses that give insight into the type of work users perform, usage of the data, percentage of data analysis users might perform on an ARM-hosted computing resource, downloading volume level where users begin having reservations, opinion about usage if given more powerful computing resources (including ability to manipulate data), types of tools that would be most beneficial to them, preferred programming language and data analysis system, level of importance for certain types of capabilities, and finally, level of interest in participating in a code-sharing community.

Roeder, LR

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/metho Cost: Free References: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials[1] Logo: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Visit the website for GHG inventory training materials, software support

250

Methodology for the use of proportional counters in pulsed fast neutron yield measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces in full detail a methodology for the measurement of neutron yield and the necessary efficiency calibration, to be applied to the intensity measurement of neutron bursts where individual neutrons are not resolved in time, for any given moderated neutron proportional counter array. The method allows efficiency calibration employing the detection neutrons arising from an isotopic neutron source. Full statistical study of the procedure is descripted, taking into account contributions arising from counting statistics, piling-up statistics of real detector pulse-height spectra and background fluctuations. The useful information is extracted from the net waveform area of the signal arising from the electric charge accumulated inside the detector tube. Improvement of detection limit is gained, therefore this detection system can be used in detection of low emission neutron pulsed sources with pulses of duration from nanoseconds to up. The application of the methodology to detection systems to be...

Tarifeño-Saldivia, Ariel; Pavez, Cristian; Soto, Leopoldo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Schwarzschild black hole in dark energy background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present an exact solution of Einstein's field equations describing the Schwarzschild black hole in dark energy background. It is also regarded as an embedded solution that the Schwarzschild black hole is embedded into the dark energy space producing Schwarzschild-dark energy black hole. It is found that the space-time geometry of Schwarzschild-dark energy solution is non-vacuum Petrov type $D$ in the classification of space-times. We study the energy conditions (like weak, strong and dominant conditions) for the energy-momentum tensor of the Schwarzschild-dark energy solution. We also find that the energy-momentum tensor of the Schwarzschild-dark energy solution violates the strong energy condition due to the negative pressure leading to a repulsive gravitational force of the matter field in the space-time. It is shown that the time-like vector field for an observer in the Schwarzschild-dark energy space is expanding, accelerating, shearing and non-rotating. We investigate the surface gravity and the area of the horizons for the Schwarzschild-dark energy black hole.

Ngangbam Ishwarchandra; Ng. Ibohal; K. Yugindro Singh

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

252

Statistics of Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a formalism for analyzing a full-sky temperature and polarization map of the cosmic microwave background. Temperature maps are analyzed by expanding over the set of spherical harmonics to give multipole moments of the two-point correlation function. Polarization, which is described by a second-rank tensor, can be treated analogously by expanding in the appropriate tensor spherical harmonics. We provide expressions for the complete set of temperature and polarization multipole moments for scalar and tensor metric perturbations. Four sets of multipole moments completely describe isotropic temperature and polarization correlations; for scalar metric perturbations one set is identically zero, giving the possibility of a clean determination of the vector and tensor contributions. The variance with which the multipole moments can be measured in idealized experiments is evaluated, including the effects of detector noise, sky coverage, and beam width. Finally, we construct coordinate-independent polarization two-point correlation functions, express them in terms of the multipole moments, and derive small-angle limits.

Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky; Albert Stebbins

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sensor placement methodology is proposed to solve the problem of optimal location of sensors or detectors to protect population against the exposure to and effects of known and/or postulated chemical, biological, and/or radiological threats. Historical meteorological data are used to characterize weather conditions as wind speed and direction pairs with the percentage of occurrence of the pairs over the historical period. The meteorological data drive atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling of the threats, the results of which are used to calculate population at risk against standard exposure levels. Sensor locations are determined via a dynamic programming algorithm where threats captured or detected by sensors placed in prior stages are removed from consideration in subsequent stages. Moreover, the proposed methodology provides a quantification of the marginal utility of each additional sensor or detector. Thus, the criterion for halting the iterative process can be the number of detectors available, a threshold marginal utility value, or the cumulative detection of a minimum factor of the total risk value represented by all threats.

Lee, Ronald W [ORNL; Kulesz, James J [ORNL

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS CASE METHODOLOGY GUIDE & WORKBOOK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance advantages of the new digital technologies are widely acknowledged, but it has proven difficult for utilities to derive business cases for justifying investment in these new capabilities. Lack of a business case is often cited by utilities as a barrier to pursuing wide-scale application of digital technologies to nuclear plant work activities. The decision to move forward with funding usually hinges on demonstrating actual cost reductions that can be credited to budgets and thereby truly reduce O&M or capital costs. Technology enhancements, while enhancing work methods and making work more efficient, often fail to eliminate workload such that it changes overall staffing and material cost requirements. It is critical to demonstrate cost reductions or impacts on non-cost performance objectives in order for the business case to justify investment by nuclear operators. This Business Case Methodology approaches building a business case for a particular technology or suite of technologies by detailing how they impact an operator in one or more of the three following areas: Labor Costs, Non-Labor Costs, and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Key to those impacts will be identifying where the savings are “harvestable,” meaning they result in an actual reduction in headcount and/or cost. The report consists of a Digital Technology Business Case Methodology Guide and an accompanying spreadsheet workbook that will enable the user to develop a business case.

Ken Thomas; Sean Lawrie; Adam Hart; Chris Vlahoplus

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

2002 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey - User Needs Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2002 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: User-Needs Survey 2002 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: User-Needs Survey View current results. We need your help in designing the next “ Energy Consumption Survey” (MECS)! As our valued customer, you are in an important position to tell us what kinds of data are most useful in helping you understand energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector. Below is a short electronic survey with just a few questions. We will stop collecting responses for user feedback on May 17, 2002. This deadline serves to meet our intended release date of April/May 2003 for fielding MECS2002. The MECS is designed to produce estimates of energy consumption and other energy-related activities in manufacturing. The survey also collects information on energy expenditures, average prices, onsite generation of

256

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: wbcarbonfinance.org/docs/REDD_Mosaic_Methodology.pdf Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Screenshot References: Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation[1] Overview "This methodology is for project activities that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from mosaic deforestation and, where relevant and

257

Methodology and Analysis Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Methodology and Analysis Methodology and Analysis Methodology and Analysis 1 Methodology: Description of the sampling and estimating methodologies implemented in April 2010 PDF 2 Review Results: Description of the problem and the alternative methodologies tested PDF 3 2009 Revisions: A comparison of the current methodology estimates to the previous estimates PDF 4 ICF International Review: ICF International's review paper given to the American Statistical Association Committee on Energy Statistics PDF 5 Other Sources: EIA-914 Estimates Compared with Other sources PDF 6 Issues: EIA-914 Sample and Model Issues PDF 7 Data Analysis: EIA-914 Final Clearance Package October 2006 PDF 8 Revision Policy: EIA-914 and Natural Gas Monthly Revision Policy March 2007 PDF 9 Commercial Data Sources:

258

Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research and Background to someone by E-mail Research and Background to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Get Involved Partners Research & Background

259

The Cosmic MeV Neutrino Background as a Laboratory for Black Hole Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculations of the cosmic rate of core collapses, and the associated neutrino flux, commonly assume that a fixed fraction of massive stars collapse to black holes. We argue that recent results suggest that this fraction instead increases with redshift. With relatively more stars vanishing as "unnovae" in the distant universe, the detectability of the cosmic MeV neutrino background is improved due to their hotter neutrino spectrum, and expectations for supernova surveys are reduced. We conclude that neutrino detectors, after the flux from normal SNe is isolated via either improved modeling or the next Galactic SN, can probe the conditions and history of black hole formation.

Hasan Yuksel; Matthew D. Kistler

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Microsoft Word - MethodologyFinal.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WaterSense Program WaterSense Program Methodology for National Water Savings Analysis Model Indoor Residential Water Use Michael McNeil, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Virginie Letschert, and Mirka della Cava Water and Energy Technology Team Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley CA 94720 For the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency WaterSense Program February 2008 The work described in this paper was funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Planning Analysis, and Evaluation section in the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. i Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Underground Natural Gas Working Storage Capacity - Methodology  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary Prices Exploration & Reserves Production Imports/Exports Pipelines Storage Consumption All Natural Gas Data Reports Analysis & Projections Most Requested Consumption Exploration & Reserves Imports/Exports & Pipelines Prices Production Projections Storage All Reports ‹ See All Natural Gas Reports Underground Natural Gas Working Storage Capacity With Data for November 2012 | Release Date: July 24, 2013 | Next Release Date: Spring 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 Go Methodology Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity Estimates: Estimates are based on aggregation of the noncoincident peak levels of working gas inventories at individual storage fields as reported monthly over a 60-month period ending in November 2012 on Form EIA-191, "Monthly Natural Gas Underground Storage

262

A secure methodology for interchangeable services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computing today requires the use of many software packages, but only a few packages are used on a daily basis. This infrequent usage pattern often does not justify purchasing full licenses and therefore motivates a need for a more flexible way to use and pay for the usage of software. This paper describes a design philosophy in which similar services provide the same interface to clients. Services based on this design are interchangeable, allow payment per use, handle payment conveniently and securely, are platform independent, and frequently do not require local installation. Clients can therefore easily utilize resources based on application needs and services available at the time that the application is executing. An example implementation using this methodology is also discussed.

Brian Fenicle; Tim Wahls

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

ENERGY CONSUMPTION SURVEY  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 RESIDENTIAL TRANSPORTATION 5 RESIDENTIAL TRANSPORTATION ENERGY CONSUMPTION SURVEY Prepared for: UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF ENERGY MARKETS AND END USE ENERGY END USE DIVISION RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL BRANCH WASHINGTON, DC 20585 Prepared by: THE ORKAND CORPORATION 8484 GEORGIA AVENUE SILVER SPRING, MD 20910 October 1986 Contract Number DE-AC01-84EI19658 TABLE OF CONTENTS FRONT MATTER Index to Program Descriptions........................................... vi List of Exhibits ....................................................... viii Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................. ix SECTION 1: GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................ 1-1 1.1. Summary ....................................................... 1-1

264

Control Surveys for Underground Construction of the Superconducting Super Collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particular care had to be taken in the design and implementation of the geodetic control systems for the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) due to stringent accuracy requirements, the demanding tunneling schedule, long duration and large size of the construction effort of the project. The surveying requirements and the design and implementation of the surface and underground control scheme for the precise location of facilities which include approximately 120 km of bored tunnel are discussed. The methodology used for the densification of the surface control networks, the technique used for the transfer of horizontal and vertical control into the underground facilities, and the control traverse scheme employed in the tunnels is described.

Greening, W.J.Trevor; Robinson, Gregory L.; /Measurment Science Inc.; Robbins, Jeffrey S.; Ruland, Robert E.; /SLAC

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

265

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 4 Project Information Project Title: Survey Centralizer Design Date: 2-10-2010 DOE Code: 6730.020.71091 Contractor Code: 8067-762 Project Lead: Frank Ingham Project Overview 1. What are the environmental No environmental impacts. impacts? Run a logging tool through existing wells at : 2. What is the /ega/location? 67-LBT-3, SW SE sec 3, T38N , R78W 86-1 -X-10 , NE SE Sec 10, T38N , R78W 3. What is the duration of the project? 22-2-X-10H , NW NW Sec 10, T38N , R78W 4. What major equipment will be used if any (work over rig , drilling rig, 4 Days etc.)? Stinger truck or crane . The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

266

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY # 350 8 Revised 8/2/10 mjt Attachment 1 Written by Dan Smallwood Production Enhancement Project-5 T-2-34 to T-1-33 MIT all wells in this area to determine which are producing wells. There are 15 wells shut in this area because of no tank or shipping line. According to the old test sheet these wells make 24bbls oil and 120bbls of water. Two of these wells have leaks in the flow lines that will be fixed. One is 33-S-34 which could be run to 34-AX-34, about 400' .6 bbl/pd and the other is 35 shx 34 which could be run to 35-AX-34 which is about 200'.5bbl/pd. 42-AX-34 could be ran to 32-AX-34 and then to 33-SX-34 to 34-AX-34. There are two manifolds at T-2-34, one with 10 wells and the other with 12. None of the flow lines have valves or checks in the lines. I propose we flush, disconnect, and plug all wells that

267

Camp Century survey 1986  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Directional surveys of the bore-hole at Camp Century, Greenland were made in 1966, 1967 and 1969. From these surveys a surface velocity of 5.5 m/yr ± 3 m/yr in the direction 240° was computed. The position of the 60 metre meteorological tower near the bore-hole was measured in 1977 and 1986 with satellite navigation equipment. These measurements show a surface velocity of 3.5 m/yr ± 0.2 m/yr in the direction 235° ± 2°. Measurement of the surface topography in 1986 shows the bore-hole is situated on a local sloping ice divide. A differential magnetometer was used to locate the drill tower. Hand augering verified the location and showed the drill tower was buried 6.5 to 7 m beneath the 1986 snow surface, as expected from the depth-age relation. The casing was not identified. Extension of the casing to the snow surface and resurvey of the borehole will provide urgently needed information on the variation of ice flow with depth.

N.S. Gundestrup; H.B. Clausen; B.L. Hansen; J. Rand

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2001 RECS Survey Data 2009 | 2005 | 2001 | 1997 | 1993 | Previous 2001 RECS Survey Data 2009 | 2005 | 2001 | 1997 | 1993 | Previous Housing Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Housing Characteristics Tables + EXPAND ALL Tables HC1: Housing Unit Characteristics, Million U.S. Households PDF (all tables) Climate Zone PDF Year of Construction PDF Household Income PDF Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit PDF Four Most Populated States PDF Urban/Rural Location PDF Northeast Census Region PDF Midwest Census Region PDF South Census Region PDF West Census Region PDF Tables HC2: Household Characteristics, Million U.S. Households PDF (all tables) Climate Zone PDF Year of Construction PDF Household Income PDF Type of Housing Unit PDF Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit PDF Type of Rented Housing Unit PDF

269

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 8 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Values SIC RSE Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 1998; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Establishment Counts XLS XLS XLS First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 1998; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Trillion Btu XLS XLS XLS First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 1998; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Physical Units or Btu XLS XLS

270

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 1 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 1 (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units) XLS Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 2 (Estimates in Trillion Btu) XLS Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil, and Residual Fuel Oil for Selected Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991 (Estimates in Barrels per Day) XLS Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census Region and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991 (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units) XLS

271

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1997 RECS Survey Data 2009 | 2005 | 2001 | 1997 | 1993 | Previous 1997 RECS Survey Data 2009 | 2005 | 2001 | 1997 | 1993 | Previous Housing Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Housing Characteristics Tables Table Titles (Released: February 2004) Entire Section Percents Tables: HC1 Housing Unit Characteristics, Million U.S. Households PDF PDF NOTE: As of 10/31/01, numbers in the "Housing Units" TABLES section for stub item: "Number of Floors in Apartment Buildings" were REVISED. These numbers will differ from the numbers in the published report. Tables: HC2 Household Characteristics, Million U.S. Households PDF PDF Tables: HC3 Space Heating, Million U.S. Households PDF PDF Tables: HC4 Air-Conditioning, Million U.S. Households PDF PDF Tables: HC5 Appliances, Million U.S. Households PDF PDF

272

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 RECS Survey Data 2009 | 2005 | 2001 | 1997 | 1993 | Previous 3 RECS Survey Data 2009 | 2005 | 2001 | 1997 | 1993 | Previous Housing Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Housing Characteristics Tables Topical Sections Entire Section All Detailed Tables PDF Tables: HC1 Household Characteristics, Million U.S. Households Presents data relating to location, type, ownership, age, size, construction, and householder demographic and income characteristics. PDF Tables: HC2 Space Heating, Million U.S. Households Presents data describing the types of heating fuel and equipment used for main and secondary heating purposes. PDF Tables: HC3 Air-Conditioning, Million U.S. Households Presents data describing selected household characteristics including location, number of rooms and area cooled and air-conditioning usage. PDF

273

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 10 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Table 1.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF Table 1.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF Table 1.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category & Region XLS PDF Table 1.5 By Further Classification of "Other" Energy Sources XLS PDF Energy Used as a Nonfuel (Feedstock) Table 2.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF Table 2.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF Table 2.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category XLS PDF Energy Consumption as a Fuel Table 3.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF

274

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 6 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms 2006 Data Tables Revision notice (November 2009): Tables 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.5, 4.1 and 4.2 have been slightly revised due to further editing. The revisions in XLS are indicated with a value of "R" in an adjacent column. In the PDF versions, the revised values are superscripted with an "R". No further revisions are anticipated for these tables. all tables + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Values RSE Table 1.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category & Region XLS PDF XLS

275

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 2 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms all tables + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Values RSE Table 1.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category & Region XLS PDF Table 1.4 Number of Establishments Using Energy Consumed for All Purpose XLSPDF Table 1.5 By Further Classification of "Other" Energy Sources XLS PDF Energy Used as a Nonfuel (Feedstock) Values RSE Table 2.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF XLS Table 2.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF XLS Table 2.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category XLS PDF

276

2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of the 2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources (RMUS), which was updated by the Environmental Protection (ENV) Division's Environmental Stewardship (ES) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). ES classifies LANL emission sources into one of four Tiers, based on the potential effective dose equivalent (PEDE) calculated for each point source. Detailed descriptions of these tiers are provided in Section 3. The usage survey is conducted annually; in odd-numbered years the survey addresses all monitored and unmonitored point sources and in even-numbered years it addresses all Tier III and various selected other sources. This graded approach was designed to ensure that the appropriate emphasis is placed on point sources that have higher potential emissions to the environment. For calendar year (CY) 2011, ES has divided the usage survey into two distinct reports, one covering the monitored point sources (to be completed later this year) and this report covering all unmonitored point sources. This usage survey includes the following release points: (1) all unmonitored sources identified in the 2010 usage survey, (2) any new release points identified through the new project review (NPR) process, and (3) other release points as designated by the Rad-NESHAP Team Leader. Data for all unmonitored point sources at LANL is stored in the survey files at ES. LANL uses this survey data to help demonstrate compliance with Clean Air Act radioactive air emissions regulations (40 CFR 61, Subpart H). The remainder of this introduction provides a brief description of the information contained in each section. Section 2 of this report describes the methods that were employed for gathering usage survey data and for calculating usage, emissions, and dose for these point sources. It also references the appropriate ES procedures for further information. Section 3 describes the RMUS and explains how the survey results are organized. The RMUS Interview Form with the attached RMUS Process Form(s) provides the radioactive materials survey data by technical area (TA) and building number. The survey data for each release point includes information such as: exhaust stack identification number, room number, radioactive material source type (i.e., potential source or future potential source of air emissions), radionuclide, usage (in curies) and usage basis, physical state (gas, liquid, particulate, solid, or custom), release fraction (from Appendix D to 40 CFR 61, Subpart H), and process descriptions. In addition, the interview form also calculates emissions (in curies), lists mrem/Ci factors, calculates PEDEs, and states the location of the critical receptor for that release point. [The critical receptor is the maximum exposed off-site member of the public, specific to each individual facility.] Each of these data fields is described in this section. The Tier classification of release points, which was first introduced with the 1999 usage survey, is also described in detail in this section. Section 4 includes a brief discussion of the dose estimate methodology, and includes a discussion of several release points of particular interest in the CY 2011 usage survey report. It also includes a table of the calculated PEDEs for each release point at its critical receptor. Section 5 describes ES's approach to Quality Assurance (QA) for the usage survey. Satisfactory completion of the survey requires that team members responsible for Rad-NESHAP (National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants) compliance accurately collect and process several types of information, including radioactive materials usage data, process information, and supporting information. They must also perform and document the QA reviews outlined in Section 5.2.6 (Process Verification and Peer Review) of ES-RN, 'Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Rad-NESHAP Compliance Project' to verify that all information is complete and correct.

Sturgeon, Richard W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

277

SEDS: THE SPITZER EXTENDED DEEP SURVEY. SURVEY DESIGN, PHOTOMETRY, AND DEEP IRAC SOURCE COUNTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Spitzer Extended Deep Survey (SEDS) is a very deep infrared survey within five well-known extragalactic science fields: the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey, the Extended Chandra Deep Field South, COSMOS, the Hubble Deep Field North, and the Extended Groth Strip. SEDS covers a total area of 1.46 deg{sup 2} to a depth of 26 AB mag (3{sigma}) in both of the warm Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) bands at 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m. Because of its uniform depth of coverage in so many widely-separated fields, SEDS is subject to roughly 25% smaller errors due to cosmic variance than a single-field survey of the same size. SEDS was designed to detect and characterize galaxies from intermediate to high redshifts (z = 2-7) with a built-in means of assessing the impact of cosmic variance on the individual fields. Because the full SEDS depth was accumulated in at least three separate visits to each field, typically with six-month intervals between visits, SEDS also furnishes an opportunity to assess the infrared variability of faint objects. This paper describes the SEDS survey design, processing, and publicly-available data products. Deep IRAC counts for the more than 300,000 galaxies detected by SEDS are consistent with models based on known galaxy populations. Discrete IRAC sources contribute 5.6 {+-} 1.0 and 4.4 {+-} 0.8 nW m{sup -2} sr{sup -1} at 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m to the diffuse cosmic infrared background (CIB). IRAC sources cannot contribute more than half of the total CIB flux estimated from DIRBE data. Barring an unexpected error in the DIRBE flux estimates, half the CIB flux must therefore come from a diffuse component.

Ashby, M. L. N.; Willner, S. P.; Fazio, G. G.; Huang, J.-S.; Hernquist, L.; Hora, J. L. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Arendt, R. [Observational Cosmology Laboratory, Code 665, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Barmby, P. [University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7 (Canada); Barro, G.; Faber, S.; Guhathakurta, P. [University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Bell, E. F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Bouwens, R. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Cattaneo, A. [Aix Marseille Universite, CNRS, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR 7326, F-13388, Marseille (France); Croton, D. [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, P.O. Box 218 Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia); Dave, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Dunlop, J. S. [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Egami, E. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Finlator, K. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, CK-2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark); Grogin, N. A., E-mail: mashby@cfa.harvard.edu [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); and others

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

278

Evidence-Based Background Material Underlying Guidance for Federal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Material Underlying Guidance for Federal Agencies in Implementing Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans Evidence-Based Background Material Underlying Guidance for...

279

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

background in the neutrinoless double beta decay region ofis searching for neutrinoless double beta decay (0???), a

Andreotti, E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Blazar Duty-Cycle at gamma-ray Frequecies: Constraints from Extragalactic Background Radiation and Prospects for AGILE and GLAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We take into account the constraints from the observed extragalactic gamma-ray background to estimate the maximum duty cycle allowed for a selected sample of WMAP Blazars, in order to be detectable by AGILE and GLAST gamma-ray experiments. For the nominal sensitivity values of both instruments, we identify a subset of sources which can in principle be detectable also in a steady state without over-predicting the extragalactic background. This work is based on the results of a recently derived Blazar radio LogN-LogS obtained by combining several multi-frequency surveys.

Pittori, Carlotta; Colafrancesco, Sergio; Giommi, Paolo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Blazar Duty-Cycle at gamma-ray Frequecies: Constraints from Extragalactic Background Radiation and Prospects for AGILE and GLAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We take into account the constraints from the observed extragalactic gamma-ray background to estimate the maximum duty cycle allowed for a selected sample of WMAP Blazars, in order to be detectable by AGILE and GLAST gamma-ray experiments. For the nominal sensitivity values of both instruments, we identify a subset of sources which can in principle be detectable also in a steady state without over-predicting the extragalactic background. This work is based on the results of a recently derived Blazar radio LogN-LogS obtained by combining several multi-frequency surveys.

Carlotta Pittori; Elisabetta Cavazzuti; Sergio Colafrancesco; Paolo Giommi

2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

282

2005 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 User Survey Results 5 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 10 | Next » 2005 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary Respondent Demographics All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings Hardware Resources Software Visualization and Data Analysis Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Response Summary Many thanks to the 201 users who responded to this year's User Survey. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, and point us to areas we can improve. The survey results are listed below.

283

2000 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 User Survey Results 0 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 10 | Next » 2000 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary User Information Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction Questions and FY 1999 to FY 2000 Changes Consulting and Account Support Web and Communications Hardware Resources Software Resources Training User Comments Response Summary NERSC extends its thanks to all the users who participated in this year's survey. Your responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, and point us to areas we can improve. Every year we institute changes based on the survey; the FY 1999 survey resulted in the following changes: We created a long-running queue (12 hours maximum) for jobs using up

284

2002 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 User Survey Results 2 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 11 | Next » 2002 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary User Information Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction Questions and Changes from Previous Years Visualization and Grid Computing Web, NIM, and Communications Hardware Resources Software Training User Services Comments about NERSC Response Summary Many thanks to the 300 users who responded to this year's User Survey -- this represents the highest response level in the five years we have conducted the survey. The respondents represent all five DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see User Information. You can see the FY 2002 User Survey text, in which users rated us on a 7-point satisfaction scale. Some areas were also rated on a 3-point

285

Surface-wave-enabled darkfield aperture for background suppression during  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be directly incorporated onto optical sensors to accom- plish predetection background suppression if the sensor is fully capable of measuring the same weak signal in the absence of background (1, 2- trivial to employ. A sensor that can intrinsically cancel a strong background prior to signal detection

Yang, Changhuei

286

PoGOLite: Neutron Background Studies for High Latitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PoGOLite: Neutron Background Studies for High Latitudes Maria Fernanda Muñoz Salinas SH2006. The measurements showed a neutron background ten times higher than expected. Because of this, new simulations of the PoGOLite flight which will take place in the summer of 2012. The neutron background was simulated

Haviland, David

287

Matrix Model in a Class of Time Dependent Supersymmetric Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the matrix model in a class of 11D time dependent supersymmetric backgrounds as obtained in hep-th/0508191 . We construct the matrix model action through the matrix regularization of the membrane action in the background. We show that the action is exact to all order of fermionic coordinates. Furthermore We discuss the fuzzy sphere solutions in this background.

Hong-Zhi Chen; Bin Chen

2006-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

288

Quality Guidline for Cost Estimation Methodology for NETL Assessments...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Program Performance and Benefits 2 Power Plant Cost Estimation Methodology Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies April 2011...

289

Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology Development and Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview of the technical progress and accomplishments on the evaluation methodology for proliferation resistance and physical protection of Generation IV nuclear energy Systems.

Bari,R.A.; Bari, R.; Peterson, P.; Therios, I.; Whitlock, J.

2009-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

290

PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION WORKING GROUP: METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We summarize the technical progress and accomplishments on the evaluation methodology for proliferation resistance and physical protection (PR and PP) of Generation IV nuclear energy systems. We intend the results of the evaluations performed with the methodology for three types of users: system designers, program policy makers, and external stakeholders. The PR and PP Working Group developed the methodology through a series of demonstration and case studies. Over the past few years various national and international groups have applied the methodology to nuclear energy system designs as well as to developing approaches to advanced safeguards.

Bari R. A.; Whitlock, J.; Therios, I.U.; Peterson, P.F.

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

291

UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TOOL Name: UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities AgencyCompany Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on...

292

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation...

293

National Academies Criticality Methodology and Assessment Video (Text Version)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This is a text version of the "National Academies Criticality Methodology and Assessment" video presented at the Critical Materials Workshop, held on April 3, 2012 in Arlington, Virginia.

294

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Report to Congress, published in August 2006, focuses on the methodologies used by the DOE Hydrogen Program for goal-setting.

295

Synthesizing Membrane Proteins Using In Vitro Methodology | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proteins Using In Vitro Methodology Technology available for licensing: in vitro, cell-free expression system that caters to the production of protein types that are challenging...

296

Methodologies for Reservoir Characterization Using Fluid Inclusion Gas Chemistry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Methodologies for Reservoir Characterization Using Fluid Inclusion Gas Chemistry presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

297

Methodology for Carbon Accounting of Grouped Mosaic and Landscape...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grouped Mosaic and Landscape-scale REDD Projects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Methodology for Carbon Accounting of Grouped Mosaic and Landscape-scale...

298

Surveys of the Great Pyramid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... IN an article in NATURE of December 26, 1925, Sir W. M. Flinders Petrie compares unfavourably the recent survey of the ...

F. S. RICHARDS

1926-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

299

2013 Uranium Marketing Annual Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for inflation. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-858 "Uranium Marketing Annual Survey" (2013). UF 6 is uranium hexafluoride. The natural UF 6 and enriched...

300

Role of Background in the CERCLA Cleanup Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Background in the CERCLA Cleanup Program Background in the CERCLA Cleanup Program U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Office of Emergency and Remedial Response April 26, 2002 OSWER 9285.6-07P OSWER 9285.6-07P page 2 of 13 Table of Contents Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 3 of 13 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 4 of 13 Definitions of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 5 of 13 Consideration of Background in Risk Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 6 of 13 Consideration of Background in Risk Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 7 of 13 Consideration of Background in Risk Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 8 of 13 Hypothetical Case Examples .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

SURVEY LEADERSHIP The Manager's Guide to Survey Feedback & Action Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planning Tools from Morehead A Word about Morehead's Workforce Commitment Model Technical Support Section 2 Activities Appendices Appendix 1 ­ Workforce Commitment Domains Summary Appendix 2 ­ Action Plan Form #12SURVEY LEADERSHIP The Manager's Guide to Survey Feedback & Action Planning A guide designed to help

Squire, Larry R.

302

SurveyMan: programming and automatically debugging surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surveys can be viewed as programs, complete with logic, control flow, and bugs. Word choice or the order in which questions are asked can unintentionally bias responses. Vague, confusing, or intrusive questions can cause respondents to abandon a survey. ... Keywords: domain specific languages, social science, statistical debugging

Emma Tosch, Emery D. Berger

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

1Shallow Survey 2005 Plymouth Shallow Survey 2005 Plymouth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amplitude · Mid-point binning OR · 3D pre-stack Kirchhoff migration · Move reflection energy to correct location · Output to regular grid #12;11Shallow Survey 2005 Plymouth Engineering case studyBerth 204 Port of Southampton cofferdam · Survey for Associated British Ports (ABP) · Buried cofferdam ­ sheet steel

Southampton, University of

304

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 8 Project lnfonnation Project Title: Change out down guy on power pole Date: 2-8-10 DOE Code : Contractor Code: Project Lead: Mike Preston Project Overview 1 What are the environmental No impact to the environment impacts? Power pole east of B-1 -33 2. What is the legal location? 3. What is the duration of the project? 3Hr 4. What major equipment will be used if any (worl< over rig, drilling rig, Backhoe and operator for equ1 pment etc.)? The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE; If ChiingSurvey alld contact Ut TlrCh.,lcal Assunlnce DepartmenL Impacts If YES, then complete below

305

Fermilab Prairie Plant Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Crack the Quadrat* Code! Crack the Quadrat* Code! compass plasnt * What is a Quadrat? It's a one-meter square plot. Plants in the quadrat are identified and counted. Fermilab quadrat specialists can! Attention Citizen Scientists Are you a prairie enthusiast? Learn scientific plant monitoring techniques while enjoying our beautiful prairie. Join a unique science program open to the public, adult groups, families, scouts and more Â…. Become a prairie quadrat specialist and do real science at Fermilab! In the Fermilab Prairie Plant Survey you will learn how to identify prairie plants, map a prairie plot and track restoration progress along with our experts. Use our Website to contribute data you collect. Come once or come back two or three times to see how the prairie changes. Keep an eye on this prairie for years to come!

306

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 8 Project lnfonnation Project Title: New Drilling Location in Section 29 Date: 12-10-2009 DOE Code: 6730.020.78002 Contractor Code: 8067-371 Project Lead: Mark Duletsky Project Overview The project will involve excavating 3-4 backhoe pits to a depth of about 8 feet to observe soil characteristics 1. What are the environmental impacts? in the vicinity of our planned reserve pit excavation area. 2. What is the legal location? NE 1/4, SE 1/4, Sec. 29. T39N. R78W. Natrona County, Wyoming 3. What is the duration of the project? 4. What major equipment will be used 1 day if any (work over rig, drilling rig, etc.)? Backhoe The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

307

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Project l nfonnation Project Title: Reclamation ofT-2-14 Date: 11/2412009 DOE Code: Contractor Code: Project Lead: Jeff Jones Project Overview We will be removing old piping from the treater@ T-2-14. We will also remove the berm and grade and 1. What are the environmental impacts? reclamate location. The duration of this project will be approx. 2 days. Equipment that will be used is as follows backhoe. dumptruck, blade,and a tiller so we can seed with native grasses. 2. What is the legal location? 3. What is the duration of the project? 4. What major equipment will be used if any (woO< over rig, drilling rig, etc.)? The table below Is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

308

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 0 Project lnfonnation Project Title: Replace electrical line from well to power pole Date: 3/10/2010 DOE Code: Contractor Code: Project Lead: Mike Preston Project Overview No impact to the environment. 1. What are the environmental impacts? Dig up old electrical line from pumping unit on 61-S-34 to power pole east of well , {approximately 75 feet 2. What is the legal location? from unit) and replace with new line. 3. What is the duration of the project? 4. What major equipment will be used 1 day if any (work over rig , drilling rig , etc.)? Electrician, ditch witch and operator for equipment The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

309

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 6 Project lnfonnation Project Title: C-EAG. Maintenance I grading of existing roads Date: 8/4/2011 and road drainages (barrow ditches): ex 81.3 DOE Code: Contractor Code: Project Lead: Michael J. Taylor [NCO] Project Overview 1. Brief project description [include C-EA 6. Maintenance I grading of existing roads and road drai nages anything that could impact the (barrow ditches) : ex 81.3 environment] Existing roads defined as per May 2010 Aerial Photos. (Changing out culverts, grading I modifying embankments, etc., that has potential to impact wetlands, requires a NCS.) The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

310

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Project lnfonnation Project Title: Restoration of 77 -13-SX-3 Date: 2-8-1 0 DOE Code: Contractor Code: Project Lead: Jeff Jones Project Overview We will be restoring 77-SX-3 per procedure. 1. What are the environmental impacts? The duration of this project will be 3-4 days. 2. What is the leg al location? 3. What is the duration of the project? The equipment to be used will be Backhoe, welder, tiller dump truck. 4. What major equipment will be used if any (work over rig , drilling rig , We will take oil contaminated dirt to the Eastside landfarm and backfill with d ean fill dirt from sec. 20. etc.)? The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

311

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 4 Project lnfonnation Project Title: e-EA5. Reclamation of well sites Date: 8/4/2011 DOE Code: Contractor Code: Project Lead: Michael J. Taylor [NCO] Project Overview e-EA 5. Reclamation of wellsites : ex 81.3 and ex 86.1 1. Brief project description [include anything that could impact the Small-scale, short-term cleanup actions including excavation and environment] consolidation of contaminated soils, removal of underground piping, removal of rig anchors or T-bars, drainage control , transport and backfilling of clean soil I fill dirt, and reseeding . The table below is to be completed by the Project Lead and reviewed by the Environmental Specialist and the DOE NEPA Compliance Officer. NOTE: If Change of Scope occurs, Project Lead must submit a new NEPA Compliance Survey and

312

Low-level-waste-disposal methodologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers the followng: (1) history of low level waste disposal; (2) current practice at the five major DOE burial sites and six commercial sites with dominant features of these sites and radionuclide content of major waste types summarized in tables; (3) site performance with performance record on burial sites tabulated; and (4) proposed solutions. Shallow burial of low level waste is a continuously evolving practice, and each site has developed its own solutions to the handling and disposal of unusual waste forms. There are no existing national standards for such disposal. However, improvements in the methodology for low level waste disposal are occurring on several fronts. Standardized criteria are being developed by both the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and by DOE. Improved techniques for shallow burial are evolving at both commercial and DOE facilities, as well as through research sponsored by NRC, DOE, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Alternatives to shallow burial, such as deeper burial or the use of mined cavities is also being investigated by DOE.

Wheeler, M.L.; Dragonette, K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Non-linear evolution of the cosmic neutrino background  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the non-linear evolution of the relic cosmic neutrino background by running large box-size, high resolution N-body simulations which incorporate cold dark matter (CDM) and neutrinos as independent particle species. Our set of simulations explore the properties of neutrinos in a reference ?CDM model with total neutrino masses between 0.05-0.60 eV in cold dark matter haloes of mass 10{sup 11}?10{sup 15} h{sup ?1}M{sub s}un, over a redshift range z = 0?2. We compute the halo mass function and show that it is reasonably well fitted by the Sheth-Tormen formula, once the neutrino contribution to the total matter is removed. More importantly, we focus on the CDM and neutrino properties of the density and peculiar velocity fields in the cosmological volume, inside and in the outskirts of virialized haloes. The dynamical state of the neutrino particles depends strongly on their momentum: whereas neutrinos in the low velocity tail behave similarly to CDM particles, neutrinos in the high velocity tail are not affected by the clustering of the underlying CDM component. We find that the neutrino (linear) unperturbed momentum distribution is modified and mass and redshift dependent deviations from the expected Fermi-Dirac distribution are in place both in the cosmological volume and inside haloes. The neutrino density profiles around virialized haloes have been carefully investigated and a simple fitting formula is provided. The neutrino profile, unlike the cold dark matter one, is found to be cored with core size and central density that depend on the neutrino mass, redshift and mass of the halo, for halos of masses larger than ? 10{sup 13.5}h{sup ?1}M{sub s}un. For lower masses the neutrino profile is best fitted by a simple power-law relation in the range probed by the simulations. The results we obtain are numerically converged in terms of neutrino profiles at the 10% level for scales above ? 200 h{sup ?1}kpc at z = 0, and are stable with respect to box-size and starting redshift of the simulation. Our findings are particularly important in view of upcoming large-scale structure surveys, like Euclid, that are expected to probe the non-linear regime at the percent level with lensing and clustering observations.

Villaescusa-Navarro, Francisco; Viel, Matteo [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, 34143, Trieste (Italy); Bird, Simeon [Institute for Advanced Study, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ, 08540 (United States); Peña-Garay, Carlos, E-mail: villaescusa@oats.inaf.it, E-mail: spb@ias.edu, E-mail: penya@ific.uv.es, E-mail: viel@oats.inaf.it [Instituto de Física Corpuscular, CSIC-UVEG, E-46071, Paterna, Valencia (Spain)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Patent Policy to Be Surveyed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Patent Policy to Be Surveyed ... INCREASED interest in scientific research, especially sponsored research, and the wide diversity of practices among educational institutions and research organizations in their methods of dealing with inventions and discoveries growing out of scientific research have prompted the National Research Council to undertake a survey of policies in patent administration by nonprofit research organizations. ...

1947-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

315

A Case Study applying Process and Project Alignment Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Case Study applying Process and Project Alignment Methodology Paula Ventura Martins1 & Alberto process and (2) analyze projects, starting an SPI effort. In order to evaluate ProPAM, a study case Martins A Case Study Applying & Alberto Rodrigues da Silva Process and Project Alignment Methodology 64

da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

316

PDF Approach Hybrid Methodology Validation DEVELOPMENT OF A HYBRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PDF Approach Hybrid Methodology Validation DEVELOPMENT OF A HYBRID EULERIAN-LAGRANGIAN METHOD CNRS / INPT / UPS PhD Defense X. PIALAT Hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian Method (HELM) #12;PDF Approach Hybrid Methodology Validation Introduction Gas-Particle Flows Applications pollutant dispersion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

317

Design Methodology for Unmannded Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Team Coordination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Design Methodology for Unmannded Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Team Coordination F.B. da Silva S.D. Scott-mail: halab@mit.edu #12;2 Design Methodology for Unmannded Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Team Coordination by F.B. da Silva, S.D. Scott, and M.L. Cummings Executive Summary Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) systems, despite

Cummings, Mary "Missy"

318

ORNL/TM-2008/105 Cost Methodology for Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORNL/TM-2008/105 Cost Methodology for Biomass Feedstocks: Herbaceous Crops and Agricultural Resource and Engineering Systems Environmental Sciences Division COST METHODOLOGY FOR BIOMASS FEESTOCKS ....................................................................................................... 3 2.1.1 Integrated Biomass Supply Analysis and Logistics Model (IBSAL).......................... 6 2

Pennycook, Steve

319

BOREAS Survey On-Line  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FF33"> FF33"> BOREAS Survey On-Line To improve the BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On data sets and to meet users' needs, we are conducting a survey. The BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On data sets continue to be important products at the ORNL DAAC. To date we have provided over 8,000 data products from these projects to nearly 1,500 users. We invite you to fill out this survey, identifying any problems you had with the data and documentation or any difficulties you experienced in finding and acquiring the data sets. Information you provide will enable us to address problems that need attention. It will also help us determine which aspects of the BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On information need to be expanded. You can complete the survey at the BOREAS Home Page. After you complete the on-line survey, submit your answers to the ORNL

320

2004 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 User Survey Results 4 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 13 | Next » 2004 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary Respondent Demographics Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings Hardware Resources Software Security and One Time Passwords Visualization and Data Analysis HPC Consulting Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Response Summary Many thanks to the 209 users who responded to this year's User Survey. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, and point us to areas we can improve. The

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

1999 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 User Survey Results 9 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 11 | Next » 1999 User Survey Results Table of Contents Respondent Summary Overall Satisfaction User Information Visualization Consulting and Account Support Information Technology and Communication Hardware Resources Software Training Comments about NERSC All Satisfaction Questions and FY 1998 to FY 1999 Changes Respondent Summary NERSC would like to thank all the users who participated in this year's survey. Your responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, point us to areas we can improve, and show how we compare to similar facilities. This year 177 users responded to our survey, compared with 138 last year.

322

Methodology for Scaling Fusion Power Plant Availability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normally in the U.S. fusion power plant conceptual design studies, the development of the plant availability and the plant capital and operating costs makes the implicit assumption that the plant is a 10th of a kind fusion power plant. This is in keeping with the DOE guidelines published in the 1970s, the PNL report1, "Fusion Reactor Design Studies - Standard Accounts for Cost Estimates. This assumption specifically defines the level of the industry and technology maturity and eliminates the need to define the necessary research and development efforts and costs to construct a one of a kind or the first of a kind power plant. It also assumes all the "teething" problems have been solved and the plant can operate in the manner intended. The plant availability analysis assumes all maintenance actions have been refined and optimized by the operation of the prior nine or so plants. The actions are defined to be as quick and efficient as possible. This study will present a methodology to enable estimation of the availability of the one of a kind (one OAK) plant or first of a kind (1st OAK) plant. To clarify, one of the OAK facilities might be the pilot plant or the demo plant that is prototypical of the next generation power plant, but it is not a full-scale fusion power plant with all fully validated "mature" subsystems. The first OAK facility is truly the first commercial plant of a common design that represents the next generation plant design. However, its subsystems, maintenance equipment and procedures will continue to be refined to achieve the goals for the 10th OAK power plant.

Lester M. Waganer

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

323

Probabilistic fatigue methodology and wind turbine reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines subjected to highly irregular loadings due to wind, gravity, and gyroscopic effects are especially vulnerable to fatigue damage. The objective of this study is to develop and illustrate methods for the probabilistic analysis and design of fatigue-sensitive wind turbine components. A computer program (CYCLES) that estimates fatigue reliability of structural and mechanical components has been developed. A FORM/SORM analysis is used to compute failure probabilities and importance factors of the random variables. The limit state equation includes uncertainty in environmental loading, gross structural response, and local fatigue properties. Several techniques are shown to better study fatigue loads data. Common one-parameter models, such as the Rayleigh and exponential models are shown to produce dramatically different estimates of load distributions and fatigue damage. Improved fits may be achieved with the two-parameter Weibull model. High b values require better modeling of relatively large stress ranges; this is effectively done by matching at least two moments (Weibull) and better by matching still higher moments. For this purpose, a new, four-moment {open_quotes}generalized Weibull{close_quotes} model is introduced. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methodology for design against fatigue is proposed and demonstrated using data from two horizontal-axis wind turbines. To estimate fatigue damage, wind turbine blade loads have been represented by their first three statistical moments across a range of wind conditions. Based on the moments {mu}{sub 1}{hor_ellipsis}{mu}{sub 3}, new {open_quotes}quadratic Weibull{close_quotes} load distribution models are introduced. The fatigue reliability is found to be notably affected by the choice of load distribution model.

Lange, C.H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Interventions to improve recruitment and retention in clinical trials: a survey and workshop to assess current practice and future priorities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recruitment and retention in clinical trials is still a major challenge and are of high priority for many Clinical Trials Units. Using survey and workshop data, methods used to encourage recruitment and retention were categorised and the authors highlighted areas for prioritising further methodological research.

Peter Bower; Valerie Brueton; Carrol Gamble; Shaun Treweek; Catrin Smith; Bridget Young; Paula Williamson

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

An aerial radiological survey of the Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and surrounding area, Titusville, Florida: Date of survey: October 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An aerial radiological survey of the entire Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) was performed during the period 9 through 23 October 1985. This survey was conducted in three parts. First, a low resolution, low sensitivity background survey was performed that encompassed the entire KSC and CCAFS area. Next, two smaller, high resolution, high sensitivity surveys were conducted: the first focused on Launch Complexes 39A and 39B, and the second on the Shuttle Landing Facility. The areas encompassed by the surveys were 200, 5.5, and 8.5 square miles (500, 14, and 22 sq km), respectively. The purpose of these surveys was to provide information useful for an emergency response to a radiological accident. Results of the background survey are presented as isoradiation contour maps of both total exposure rate and man-made gross count superimposed on a mosaic of recent aerial photographs. Results of the two small, detailed surveys are also presented as an isoradiation contour map of exposure rate on the aerial photograph base. These data were evaluated to establish sensitivity limits for mapping the presence of plutonium-238. Natural background exposure rates at the Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station are very low, generally ranging from 4 to 6.5 microroentgens per hour (..mu..R/h) and less than 4 ..mu..R/h in wet areas. However, exposure rates in developed areas were observed to be higher due to the importation of construction materials not characteristic of the area. 8 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Microsoft PowerPoint - Powerpoint_Background.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

g g Radiation Radiation Radiation is everywhere Cosmic Inhaled Radon Inhaled Radon Bodies Plants Bodies Radioactive Elements We live in a sea of radiation... Rocks BACKGROUND RADIATION BACKGROUND RADIATION The average background radiation per person is 370 millirems per person is 370 millirems (mrem) per year. This varies widely depending on where someone lives and their someone lives, and their occupation, health and lifestyle. Background Radiation g Most background radiation is g natural. It is part of nat re It is part of nature. It has always been here. y People have always lived with it. Radiation comes from space- sun and cosmic rays Because this type of radiation is somewhat shielded by the atmosphere, y p the dose is higher at higher altitudes Background Radiation Exposure at Different Elevations

327

Overcoming High Energy Backgrounds at Pulsed Spallation Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrument backgrounds at neutron scattering facilities directly affect the quality and the efficiency of the scientific measurements that users perform. Part of the background at pulsed spallation neutron sources is caused by, and time-correlated with, the emission of high energy particles when the proton beam strikes the spallation target. This prompt pulse ultimately produces a signal, which can be highly problematic for a subset of instruments and measurements due to the time-correlated properties, and different to that from reactor sources. Measurements of this background have been made at both SNS (ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN, USA) and SINQ (PSI, Villigen, Switzerland). The background levels were generally found to be low compared to natural background. However, very low intensities of high-energy particles have been found to be detrimental to instrument performance in some conditions. Given that instrument performance is typically characterised by S/N, improvements in backgrounds can both improve instrument pe...

Cherkashyna, Nataliia; DiJulio, Douglas D; Khaplanov, Anton; Pfeiffer, Dorothea; Scherzinger, Julius; Cooper-Jensen, Carsten P; Fissum, Kevin G; Ansell, Stuart; Iverson, Erik B; Ehlers, Georg; Gallmeier, Franz X; Panzner, Tobias; Rantsiou, Emmanouela; Kanaki, Kalliopi; Filges, Uwe; Kittelmann, Thomas; Extegarai, Maddi; Santoro, Valentina; Kirstein, Oliver; Bentley, Phillip M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Residential Energy Consumption Survey:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E/EIA-0262/2 E/EIA-0262/2 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: 1978-1980 Consumption and Expenditures Part II: Regional Data May 1981 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information Administration Assistant Administrator for Program Development Office of the Consumption Data System Residential and Commercial Data Systems Division -T8-aa * N uojssaooy 'SOS^-m (£03) ao£ 5925 'uofSfAfQ s^onpojj aa^ndmoo - aojAaag T BU T3gN am rcoj? aig^IT^^ '(adBx Q-naugBH) TOO/T8-JQ/30Q 30^703 OQ ' d jo :moaj ajqBfT^A^ 3J^ sjaodaa aAoqe aqa jo 's-TZTOO-eoo-Tgo 'ON ^ois odo 'g^zo-via/aoQ 'TBST Sujpjjng rXaAang uojidmnsuoo XSaaug sSu-ppjprig ON ^oo^s OdO '^/ZOZO-Via/aOQ *086T aunr '6L6I ?sn§ny og aunf ' jo suja^Bd uoj^dmnsuoo :XaAjng uo^^dmnsuoQ XSaaug OS '9$ '6-ieTOO- 00-T90 OdD 'S/ZOZO-Via/aOa C

329

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY Project lnfonnation Project Title: Reclamation of Pits and Boxes Date: Nov. 3, 2010 DOE Code: 6740.010.00000 Contractor Code: 8067-451 Project Lead: Anthony Bowler Project Overview Reclamation of QD.]y the following Pits and Boxes : 1. Brief project description [include 1. B-2-1 0 Skim Box anything that could impact the 2. B-1-14 Skim Box environment 3. Near66-1-STX-14 Pit 2. Legal location 4. T-5-10 Skim Box 3. Duration of the project 5. WDFUpperPit 6. WDFLowerPit 4. Major equipment to be used 7. WDFSkimBox 8. B-1-3 Pit 9. B-1 -3 Skim Box 10. T-2-34 Pit 11 . B-1-10 Pit 12. B-1 -10 Skim Box 13. SE of SG3 & Welding Shop Skim Box 14. 58.Q4-1-SX-3 Skim Box 15. Near Tank 126 Skim Box 16. 77-1-SX-3 NW of Well Pit 17. T-5-3 Pit

330

The Killing superalgebra of ten-dimensional supergravity backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the Killing superalgebra of supersymmetric backgrounds of ten-dimensional heterotic and type II supergravities and prove that it is a Lie superalgebra. We also show that if the fraction of supersymmetry preserved by the background is greater than 1/2, in the heterotic case, or greater than 3/4 in the type II case, then the background is locally homogeneous.

José Figueroa-O'Farrill; Emily Hackett-Jones; George Moutsopoulos

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

331

Smoothing of the cosmic background radiation by multiple gravitational scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the smoothing of the cosmic background radiation (CBR) ... rays increases exponentially through multiple scatterings. This exponential growth occurs if the distance is smaller...

Junichiro Making

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Backgrounds and Projected Limits from Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple formula is introduced which indicates the amount by which projections of dark matter direct detection experiments are expected to be degraded due to backgrounds.

Scott Dodelson

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

333

ESnet supports Sandia and APNIC IPv6 Background Radiation research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

supports Sandia and APNIC IPv6 Background Radiation research Engineering Services The Network OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network IPv6 Implementation Checklist ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers...

334

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment E.the contribution of cosmic ray muons to the CUORICINOKey words: CUORICINO, muons, cosmic rays, double beta decay,

Andreotti, E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

User Survey | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Survey User Survey Results The ALCF conducts yearly surveys to gain a better understanding of how we can improve the user experience at ALCF. Below are the numeric results of these...

336

Building Energy Codes Survey Tool  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Codes Program Codes Program Building Energy Codes Survey Tool The following surveys are available: No available surveys Please contact ( webmaster@energycode.pnl.gov ) for further assistance. English Albanian Arabic Basque Belarusian Bosnian Bulgarian Catalan Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional; Hong Kong) Chinese (Traditional; Taiwan) Croatian Czech Danish Dutch Dutch Informal English Estonian Finnish French Galician German German informal Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Irish Italian Italian (formal) Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Macedonian Malay Maltese Norwegian (Bokmal) Norwegian (Nynorsk) Persian Polish Portuguese Portuguese (Brazilian) Punjabi Romanian Russian Serbian Sinhala Slovak Slovenian Spanish Spanish (Mexico) Swedish Thai Turkish Urdu Vietnamese Welsh

337

Telluric Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Telluric Survey Telluric Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Telluric Survey Details Activities (3) Areas (3) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 522.2252,222 centUSD

338

Geophex airborne unmanned survey system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this effort is to design, construct, and evaluate a portable, remotely-piloted, airborne, geophysical survey system. This nonintrusive system will provide {open_quotes}stand-off{close_quotes} capability to conduct surveys and detect buried objects, structures, and conditions of interest at hazardous locations. This system permits two operators to rapidly conduct geophysical characterization of hazardous environmental sites. During a survey, the operators remain remote from, but within visual distance, of, the site. The sensor system never contacts the Earth, but can be positioned near the ground so that weak anomalies can be detected.

Won, I.J.; Taylor, D.W.A.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Region-to-area screening methodology for the Crystalline Repository Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to describe the Crystalline Repository Project's (CRP) process for region-to-area screening of exposed and near-surface crystalline rock bodies in the three regions of the conterminous United States where crystalline rock is being evaluated as a potential host for the second nuclear waste repository (i.e., in the North Central, Northeastern, and Southeastern Regions). This document indicates how the US Department of Energy's (DOE) General Guidelines for the Recommendation of Sites for Nuclear Waste Repositories (10 CFR 960) were used to select and apply factors and variables for the region-to-area screening, explains how these factors and variable are to be applied in the region-to-area screening, and indicates how this methodology relates to the decision process leading to the selection of candidate areas. A brief general discussion of the screening process from the national survey through area screening and site recommendation is presented. This discussion sets the scene for detailed discussions which follow concerning the region-to-area screening process, the guidance provided by the DOE Siting Guidelines for establishing disqualifying factors and variables for screening, and application of the disqualifying factors and variables in the screening process. This document is complementary to the regional geologic and environmental characterization reports to be issued in the summer of 1985 as final documents. These reports will contain the geologic and environmental data base that will be used in conjunction with the methodology to conduct region-to-area screening.

none,

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Advanced Model and Methodology Development [Heat Transfer and Fluid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Model and Advanced Model and Methodology Development Capabilities Engineering Computation and Design Engineering and Structural Mechanics Systems/Component Design, Engineering and Drafting Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics Overview Thermal Hydraulic Optimization of Nuclear Systems Underhood Thermal Management Combustion Simulations Advanced Model and Methodology Development Multi-physics Reactor Performance and Safety Simulations Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics Bookmark and Share Advanced Model and Methodology Development Electrorefiner Model for Treatment of Spent Nuclear Fuel Electrorefiner Model for Treatment of Spent Nuclear Fuel. Click on image to

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341

"Speak Up" Survey Results - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the survey. The goal is to use the results to continuously improve Hanford's safety culture and work environment. Results for the "Speak Up" Survey An Organizational...

342

Aftertreatment Research Prioritization: A CLEERS Industrial Survey...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Research Prioritization: A CLEERS Industrial Survey Aftertreatment Research Prioritization: A CLEERS Industrial Survey Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

343

Category:Telluric Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pages in category "Telluric Survey" This category contains only the following page. T Telluric Survey Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:Telluric...

344

Category:Geodetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

only the following page. G Geodetic Survey Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:GeodeticSurvey&oldid794159" Categories: Geothermal Passive Sensors...

345

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Abstract INPUT airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were conducted during 1979 in five...

346

The Gemini Deep Planet Survey - GDPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of the Gemini Deep Planet Survey, a near-infrared adaptive optics search for giant planets and brown dwarfs around nearby young stars. The observations were obtained with the Altair adaptive optics system at the Gemini North telescope and angular differential imaging was used to suppress the speckle noise of the central star. Detection limits for the 85 stars observed are presented, along with a list of all faint point sources detected around them. Typically, the observations are sensitive to angular separations beyond 0.5-inch with 5{sigma} contrast sensitivities in magnitude difference at 1.6 {micro}m of 9.6 at 0.5-inch, 12.9 at 1-inch, 15 at 2-inch, and 16.6 at 5-inch. For the typical target of the survey, a 100 Myr old K0 star located 22 pc from the Sun, the observations are sensitive enough to detect planets more massive than 2 M{sub Jup} with a projected separation in the range 40-200 AU. Depending on the age, spectral type, and distance of the target stars, the minimum mass that could be detected with our observations can be {approx}1 M{sub Jup}. Second epoch observations of 48 stars with candidates (out of 54) have confirmed that all candidates are unrelated background stars. A detailed statistical analysis of the survey results, which provide upper limits on the fractions of stars with giant planet or low mass brown dwarf companions, is presented. Assuming a planet mass distribution dn/dm {proportional_to} m{sup -1.2} and a semi-major axis distribution dn/da {proportional_to} a{sup -1}, the upper limits on the fraction of stars with at least one planet of mass 0.5-13 M{sub Jup} are 0.29 for the range 10-25 AU, 0.13 for 25-50 AU, and 0.09 for 50-250 AU, with a 95% confidence level; this result is weakly dependent on the semi-major axis distribution power-law index. Without making any assumption on the mass and semi-major axis distributions, the fraction of stars with at least one brown dwarf companion having a semi-major axis in the range 25-200 AU is 0.018{sub -0.014}{sup +0.078}, with a 95% confidence level. The observations made as part of this survey have resolved the stars HD 14802, HD 135363, HD 160934, HD 166181, and HD 213845 into close binaries for the first time.

Lafreniere, D; Doyon, R; Marois, C; Nadeau, D; Oppenheimer, B R; Roche, P F; Rigaut, F; Graham, J R; Jayawardhana, R; Johnstone, D; Kalas, P G; Macintosh, B; Racine, R

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Implementing the Pecos River Watershed Protection Plan through a Heliborne Electromagnetic (EM) Survey: Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the hydrological assessment. ..................................... 9 Figure 3: Distribution of TDS of the groundwater in the Pecos Valley Aquifer. ........................... 11 List of Acronyms BRACS Brackish Resources Aquifer Characterization System Database... June 4–5, 2013, in Pecos, Imperial, Iraan and Ozona. Throughout these public meetings, this project (TSSWCB 12-11) was discussed. [6] During the meeting in Imperial on June 4, landowners voiced concerns over the planned HEM survey methodology...

Gregory, L.; Sheng, Z.; Hassan, A.; McDonald, A.; Porter, A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

An electronic radiation of blackbody: Cosmic electron background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Universe owns the electronic radiation of blackbody at temperature 2.725 K, which we call the cosmic electron background. We calculate its radiation spectrum. The energy distribution of number density of electrons in the cosmic electron background becomes zero as energy goes to both zero and infinity. It has one maximum peak near the energy level of 10**(-23) J.

Jian-Miin Liu

2008-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

349

Background Long history of research and education in "nuclear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Degradation Nuclear Materials · Multi physics modelling · Severe nuclear accidents · Non destructive testing#12;Background · Long history of research and education in "nuclear engineering" at Chalmers. · "Nuclear engineering" = multi-disciplinary research area. #12;Background Establishment of the Sustainable

Lemurell, Stefan

350

cognitive backgroundCIS4140-2 1 administrivia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive background human-computer interaction understand computer workings (reasonably well) how about humans? once part of psychology now considered cognitive science may also need some sociology later #12;cognitive backgroundCIS4140-2 4 perceptual 2 perceptions considered for UI auditory visual new interfaces

Damon, Craig A.

351

Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey -- Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey > Overview Survey > Overview Overview Percent of FBSS Buildings and Floorspace by Selected Agencies, FY 1993 Percent of FBSS Buildings and Floorspace by Selected Agencies, FY 1993 Sources: Energy Information Administration, Energy Markets and End Use, 1993 Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey. Divider Line Highlights on Federal Buildings The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993 provides building-level energy-related characteristics for a special sample of commercial buildings owned by the Government. Extensive analysis of the data was not conducted because this report represents the 881 responding buildings (buildings for which interviews were completed) and cannot be used to generalize about Federal buildings in each region. Crosstabulations of the data from the 881 buildings are provided in the Detailed Tables section.

352

2001 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 User Survey Results 1 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 11 | Next » 2001 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary User Information Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction Questions and Changes from Previous Years NERSC Information Management (NIM) System Web and Communications Hardware Resources Software Training User Services Comments about NERSC Response Summary NERSC extends its thanks to the 237 users who participated in this year's survey; this compares with 134 respondents last year. The respondents represent all five DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see User Information. Your responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well

353

Coal Survey Frequently Asked Questions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey FAQ Survey FAQ Available FAQ: Q. Whom do I contact if I need assistance completing a survey form? Q. Whom do I contact if I require assistance with the registration process, log-in process, instructions pertaining to JavaScript or cookies? Q. What unit of measurement should be used to calculate Btu? Q. How do I update the information that appears under Item I on IDC? Q. Under "Item II: Coal Receipts, Consumption and Stocks," can a value be negative? Q. How do I convert between short tons and metric tons? Vice Versa. Q. How do I convert between pounds to short tons? Vice Versa. Q. How do I correct a mistake on the Survey Form once I have submitted the data? Q. How do I log in if forgot my password? Q. If I accidently deleted the registration letters, how can I get my Mail ID and Code?

354

Appalachian Studies Student Survey Items  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

about Appalachian culture/history Historical Survey Data (Prior to 2006) ACT Appalachian Region Alumni selected Berea College. Major Reason Minor Reason Not a Reason Cost of attendance/affordable price Close

Baltisberger, Jay H.

355

"NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANT SURVEY"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.5 hours" "NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANT SURVEY" "FORM EIA-757" "Schedule A: Baseline Report " "This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public...

356

A survey of moving frames  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper surveys the new, algorithmic theory of moving frames developed by the author and M. Fels. Applications in geometry, computer vision, classical invariant theory, the calculus of variations, and numerical analysis are indicated.

Peter J. Olver

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results May 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Deb Gill U.S. DOE Carlsbad Field Office (575) 234-7270 CARLSBAD, N.M. - New Mexico State University"s Low Background Radiation Experiment (LBRE), which takes place 2,150 feet below the earth"s surface at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, recently released some results about the project"s first two years of experimentation. The March 2011 edition of Health Physics printed an article titled "Exploring Biological Effects of Low Level Radiation from the Other Side of Background," summarizing some initial data taken from LBRE and from a sister experiment conducted at the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute

358

Geophex Airborne Unmanned Survey System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground-based surveys place personnel at risk due to the proximity of buried unexploded ordnance (UXO) items or by exposure to radioactive materials and hazardous chemicals. The purpose of this effort is to design, construct, and evaluate a portable, remotely-piloted, airborne, geophysical survey system. This non-intrusive system will provide stand-off capability to conduct surveys and detect buried objects, structures, and conditions of interest at hazardous locations. During a survey, the operators remain remote from, but within visual distance of, the site. The sensor system never contacts the Earth, but can be positioned near the ground so that weak geophysical anomalies can be detected. The Geophex Airborne Unmanned Survey System (GAUSS) is designed to detect and locate small-scale anomalies at hazardous sites using magnetic and electromagnetic survey techniques. The system consists of a remotely-piloted, radio-controlled, model helicopter (RCH) with flight computer, light-weight geophysical sensors, an electronic positioning system, a data telemetry system, and a computer base-station. The report describes GAUSS and its test results.

Won, I.L.; Keiswetter, D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, - Landfill Gas Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: cdm.unfccc.int/public_inputs/meth/acm0001/index.html Cost: Free Language: English References: UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References

360

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress (ESECS EE-4015) Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies (This page intentionally left blank) 8/7/2006 - 2 - Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Introduction This report addresses section 1819 of Public Law 109-58, also referred to as the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1819 states: "Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report evaluating methodologies to ensure the widest participation practicable in setting goals and milestones under the hydrogen program of the Department, including international participants." In response to section 1819, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) delivers this report

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Paducah DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Appendix F: Assessment Methodologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paducah DUF Paducah DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS APPENDIX F: ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES Assessment Methodologies F-2 Paducah DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS Assessment Methodologies F-3 Paducah DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS APPENDIX F: ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES In general, the activities assessed in this environmental impact statement (EIS) could affect workers, members of the general public, and the environment during construction of new facilities, during routine operation of facilities, during transportation, and during facility or transportation accidents. Activities could have adverse effects (e.g., human health impairment) or positive effects (e.g., regional socioeconomic benefits, such as the creation of jobs). Some impacts would result primarily from the unique characteristics of the uranium and other chemical

362

Egs Exploration Methodology Project Using the Dixie Valley Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Egs Exploration Methodology Project Using the Dixie Valley Geothermal Egs Exploration Methodology Project Using the Dixie Valley Geothermal System, Nevada, Status Update Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Egs Exploration Methodology Project Using the Dixie Valley Geothermal System, Nevada, Status Update Authors Joe Iovenitti, Jon Sainsbury, Ileana Tibuleac, Robert Karlin, Philip Wannamaker, Virginia Maris, David Blackwell, Mahesh Thakur, Fletcher H. Ibser, Jennifer Lewicki, B. Mack. Kennedy and Michael Swyer Conference Thirty-Eighth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University; Stanford, California; 2013 Published Publisher Not Provided, 2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Egs Exploration Methodology Project Using the

363

A methodology to assess cost implications of automotive customization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on determining the cost of customization for different components or groups of components of a car. It offers a methodology to estimate the manufacturing cost of a complex system such as a car. This ...

Fournier, Laëtitia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Architectural Approaches, Concepts and Methodologies of Service Oriented Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Architectural Approaches, Concepts and Methodologies of Service Oriented Architecture Master Thesis. Introduction to Service Oriented Architecture........................................... 2.1 Evolution Middleware (MOM)........................................... 2.5 Definition of Service Oriented Architecture

Moeller, Ralf

365

Good Experimental Methodologies and Simulation in Autonomous Mobile Robotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Good Experimental Methodologies and Simulation in Autonomous Mobile Robotics Francesco Amigoni and Viola Schiaffonati Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Laboratory, Dipartimento di Elettronica e to characterize analytically, as it is often the case in autonomous mobile robotics. Although their importance

Amigoni, Francesco

366

Average System Cost Methodology : Administrator's Record of Decision.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant features of average system cost (ASC) methodology adopted are: retention of the jurisdictional approach where retail rate orders of regulartory agencies provide primary data for computing the ASC for utilities participating in the residential exchange; inclusion of transmission costs; exclusion of construction work in progress; use of a utility's weighted cost of debt securities; exclusion of income taxes; simplification of separation procedures for subsidized generation and transmission accounts from other accounts; clarification of ASC methodology rules; more generous review timetable for individual filings; phase-in of reformed methodology; and each exchanging utility must file under the new methodology within 20 days of implementation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission of the ten major participating utilities, the revised ASC will substantially only affect three. (PSB)

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Methodological issues in MIS cross-cultural research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a discussion of methodological issues that are relevant and idiosyncratic to cross-cultural research. One characteristic that typifies cross-cultural studies is their comparative nature, i.e., they involve a comparison across two ...

Elena Karahanna; Roberto Evaristo; Mark Srite

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Reservoir characterization using experimental design and response surface methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research combines a statistical tool called experimental design/response surface methodology with reservoir modeling and flow simulation for the purpose of reservoir characterization. Very often, it requires large number of reservoir simulation...

Parikh, Harshal

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

369

A Methodology for Automated Verification of Rosetta Specification Transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particular semantic vocabulary and modeling style. The following dissertation proposes a framework, semantics and methodology for automated verification of safety preservation over specification transformations between domains. Utilizing the ideas of lattice...

Lohoefener, Jennifer Lee

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

370

Methodology for Assesment of Urban Water Planning Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planning methodology and develop supporting data, develop and evaluate alternative plans, select an alternative, and implement the selected plan. Previous researchers have attempted to improve planning technology by utilizing operations research and systems...

Meier, W. L.; Thornton, B. M.

371

A Quasi-Dynamic HVAC and Building Simulation Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis introduces a quasi-dynamic building simulation methodology which complements existing building simulators by allowing transient models of HVAC (heating, ventilating and air-conditioning) systems to be created in an analogous way...

Davis, Clinton Paul

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

372

Ontology-based methodology for e-service discovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Service discovery is a critical aspect in the Service Oriented Computing approach. A model, a methodology and a tool environment based on ontologies are proposed in this paper. The requester and provider perspectives are discussed, both to support the ...

Devis Bianchini; Valeria De Antonellis; Barbara Pernici; Pierluigi Plebani

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hanford Site baseline risk assessment methodology. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This methodology has been developed to prepare human health and environmental evaluations of risk as part of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act remedial investigations (RIs) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act facility investigations (FIs) performed at the Hanford Site pursuant to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order referred to as the Tri-Party Agreement. Development of the methodology has been undertaken so that Hanford Site risk assessments are consistent with current regulations and guidance, while providing direction on flexible, ambiguous, or undefined aspects of the guidance. The methodology identifies Site-specific risk assessment considerations and integrates them with approaches for evaluating human and environmental risk that can be factored into the risk assessment program supporting the Hanford Site cleanup mission. Consequently, the methodology will enhance the preparation and review of individual risk assessments at the Hanford Site.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Hydrogen Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

DOE's Hydrogen Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress summarizes the processes used to set Hydrogen Program goals and milestones. Published in August 2006, it fulfills the requirement under se

375

Protein MAS NMR methodology and structural analysis of protein assemblies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methodological developments and applications of solid-state magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy, with particular emphasis on the analysis of protein structure, are described in this thesis. ...

Bayro, Marvin J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Combining Modeling Methodologies for Improved Understanding of Smart Material Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining Modeling Methodologies for Improved Understanding of Smart Material Characteristics Material Systems and Structures February 2, 1998 ABSTRACT Smart materials are complex materials performance capabilities but the synergistic response of the smart material and companion structure. Behavior

Lindner, Douglas K.

377

Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radiological survey was conducted in the Northern Marshall Islands to document reamining external gamma exposures from nuclear tests conducted at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls. An additional program was later included to obtain terrestrial and marine samples for radiological dose assessment for current or potential atoll inhabitants. This report is the first of a series summarizing the results from the terrestrial and marine surveys. The sample collection and processing procedures and the general survey methodology are discussed; a summary of the collected samples and radionuclide analyses is presented. Over 5400 samples were collected from the 12 atolls and 2 islands and prepared for analysis including 3093 soil, 961 vegetation, 153 animal, 965 fish composite samples (average of 30 fish per sample), 101 clam, 50 lagoon water, 15 cistern water, 17 groundwater, and 85 lagoon sediment samples. A complete breakdown by sample type, atoll, and island is given here. The total number of analyses by radionuclide are 8840 for /sup 241/Am, 6569 for /sup 137/Cs, 4535 for /sup 239 +240/Pu, 4431 for /sup 90/Sr, 1146 for /sup 238/Pu, 269 for /sup 241/Pu, and 114 each for /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. A complete breakdown by sample category, atoll or island, and radionuclide is also included.

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Eagle, R.J.; Stuart, M.L.

1981-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

378

A methodology of mathematical models with an application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A METHODOLOGY OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS WITH AN APPLICATION A Thesis by RICHARD BRIAN WOOD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1972... Major Subject: Mathematics A METHODOLOGY OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS WITH AN APPLICATION A Thesis by RICHARD BRIAN WOOD Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) December 1972 ABSTRACT A...

Wood, Richard Brian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

Mobile phone user types by Q methodology: an exploratory research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

User types describe the attitudes and behaviours that determine the preferred way of an individual. The purpose of this research is to explore mobile phone user types by users' perspectives. In-depth interview and Q methodology are used to collect ... Keywords: Q methodology, cell phones, communication, gratification, in-depth interviews, m-commerce, m-services, mobile commerce, mobile communications, mobile phones, mobile services, user attitudes, user behaviour, user types, uses, value

Chung-Chu Liu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An interference solving methodology for form feature modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INTERFERENCE SOLVING METHODOLOGY FOR FORM FEATURE MODELING A Thesis by TIEN-LUNG SUN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AgtM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1992 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN INTERFERENCE SOLVING METHODOLOGY FOR FORM FEATURE MODELING A Thesis by TIEN-LUNG SUN Approved as to style and content by; Richar . Mayer (Chairman f Committee) Richard A. Wys (Member) C -Jnn Su...

Sun, Tien-Lung

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A methodological approach to the complexity measurement of software designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE COMPLEXITY MEASUREMENT OF SOFTWARE DESIGNS A Thesis by CLAY EDWIN WILLIAMS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial fulffilment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Computer Science A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE COMPLEXITY MEASUREMENT OF SOFTWARE DESIGNS A Thesis by CLAY EDWIN WILLIAMS Approved as to style and content by: Willi m M. L' (Co-Chair of C ittee...

Williams, Clay Edwin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

382

Economic and Financial Methodology for South Texas Irrigation Projects – RGIDECON©  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES TR-203 (Revised) 2009 Economic and Financial Methodology for South Texas Irrigation Projects ? RGIDECON? By: M. Edward Rister Callie S. Rogers Ronald D. Lacewell John R...) RGIDECON? ? Economic and Financial Methodology August 2009 page i of 29 Author?s Note This report is a revision of the original TR-203 report published in October, 2002. There are only three substantial differences in this new, revised report...

Rister, M. Edward; Rogers, Callie S.; Lacewell, Ronald; Robinson, John; Ellis, John; Sturdivant, Allen

383

Economic Methodology for South Texas Irrigation Projects - RGIDECON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR-203 October 2002 Economic Methodology for South Texas Irrigation Projects – RGIDECON© M. Edward Rister Ronald D. Lacewell John R. C. Robinson John R. Ellis Allen W. Sturdivant Department of Agricultural Economics Texas Agricultural Experiment... Station Texas Cooperative Extension Texas A&M University Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University TR-203 October 2002 Economic Methodology for South Texas Irrigation Projects – RGIDECON© M. Edward Rister Ronald D. Lacewell John R. C...

Ellis, John R.; Robinson, John R.C.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Rister, M. Edward

384

Spinning Test Particle in Kalb-Ramond background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we explore the geodesic deviations of spinning test particles in a string inspired Einstein-Kalb Ramond background. Such a background is known to be equivalent to a spacetime geometry with torsion. We have shown here that the antisymmetric Kalb-Ramond field has significant effect on the geodesic deviation of a spinning test particle. A search for an observational evidence of such an effect in astrophysical experiments may lead to a better undestanding of the geometry of the background spacetime.

Debaprasad Maity; Soumitra SenGupta; Sourav Sur

2005-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

385

Sakai-Sugimoto model in D0-D4 background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We add smeared D0 charges to the D4 background and discuss the Sakai-Sugimoto model under this background. The corresponding gauge theory is in a state with an expectation value of ?tr(F??F˜??)?. The D8-branes go less deep than in the original S-S model and massless Goldstones are still found in the spectrum. The effects of this condensate on the meson spectra, pion decay constant, and couplings of the vector mesons and Goldstones in this background state are then investigated.

Chao Wu; Zhiguang Xiao; Da Zhou

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

386

System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After-treatment Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After;System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After-treatment Technologies, analyzing, and optimizing of complex diesel exhaust after-treatment systems. The methodology presented

de Weck, Olivier L.

387

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Features The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey Chris Blake and the WiggleZ...redshift surveys The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey at the Anglo-Australian Telescope...5). The aim of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is to extend this delineation......

Chris Blake; Sarah Brough; Warrick Couch; Karl Glazebrook; Greg Poole; Tamara Davis; Michael Drinkwater; Russell Jurek; Kevin Pimbblet; Matthew Colless; Rob Sharp; Scott Croom; Michael Pracy; David Woods; Barry Madore; Chris Martin; Ted Wyder

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Voluntary sexual exposure online among Swedish youth – social background, Internet behavior and psychosocial health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Studies have described the phenomenon of voluntary sexual exposure among youth online but only a few focus on the typical young person who has this experience. The purpose of this study was to investigate Swedish youth with experience of voluntary sexual exposure online, with regard to Internet behavior, social background, and psychosocial health including parent–child relationships. A representative sample of 3503 Swedish youths in their third year of high school completed a survey about Internet behavior, Internet-related sexual harassment, sexuality, health, and sexual abuse. Out of those taking part in the survey, 20.9% (19.2% boys and 22.3% girls) reported experiences of voluntary sexual exposure online. Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between voluntary sexual exposure online and a number of different forms of harassment online. Neither poorer psychosocial health nor problematic relationships with parents remained significant in the final model. The results underlined the fact that voluntary sexual exposure online is associated with vulnerability on the Internet among both boys and girls and that there is a need for parents and professionals to better understand what young people do on the Internet and the risks they may incur.

Linda S. Jonsson; Gisela Priebe; Marie Bladh; Carl Göran Svedin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Background gamma terrestrial dose rate in Nigerian functional coal mines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......444-448 (2003). 12. Nakaoka, A., Fukushima, M. and Shinji, T. Environmental...TERRESTRIAL DOSE RATE IN NIGERIAN MINES N d Aerial ropeway Figure 2. Surface background...444 448 (2003). 12. Nakaoka, A., Fukushima, M. and Shinji, T. Environmental......

C. E. Mokobia; F. A. Balogun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

EXTRAGALACTIC VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY BACKGROUND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the origin of the extragalactic diffuse gamma-ray background using the data from the Fermi telescope. To estimate the background level, we count photons at high Galactic latitudes |b| > 60 Degree-Sign . Subtracting photons associated with known sources and the residual cosmic-ray and Galactic diffuse backgrounds, we estimate the extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGB) flux. We find that the spectrum of EGB in the very high energy band above 30 GeV follows the stacked spectrum of BL Lac objects. Large Area Telescope data reveal the positive (1 + z) {sup k}, 1 < k < 4 cosmological evolution of the BL Lac source population consistent with that of their parent population, Fanaroff-Riley type I radio galaxies. We show that EGB at E > 30 GeV could be completely explained by emission from unresolved BL Lac objects if k {approx_equal} 3.

Neronov, A. [ISDC Data Center for Astrophysics, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix (Switzerland); Semikoz, D. V. [APC, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

1 Mathematical Background 1 1.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contents 1 Mathematical Background 1 1.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Computability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.4 Probability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.5 Exercises and Problems

Goodman, James R.

392

1 Introduction 1 1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Our Goal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.3 ICSI's HMM/ANN Hybrid Speech Recognition System . . . . . . . . 2 1.4 What is Multi­band Processing

Mirghafori, N. Nikki

393

Inhomogeneous Background Error Modeling and Estimation over Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of the analysis increments in a variational data assimilation scheme is strongly driven by the formulation of the background error covariance matrix, especially in data-sparse areas such as the Antarctic region. The gridpoint ...

Yann Michel; Thomas Auligné

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Lovelock black holes in a string cloud background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an exact static, spherically symmetric black hole solution to the third order Lovelock gravity with a string cloud background in seven dimensions for the special case when the second and third order Lovelock coefficients are related via $\\tilde{\\alpha}^2_2=3\\tilde{\\alpha}_3\\;(\\equiv\\alpha^2)$. Further, we examine thermodynamic properties of this black hole to obtain exact expressions for mass, temperature, entropy and also perform the thermodynamic stability analysis. We see that a string cloud background makes a profound influence on horizon structure, thermodynamic properties and the stability of black holes. Interestingly, the entropy of the black hole is unaffected due to a string cloud background. However, the critical solution for thermodynamic stability is being affected by a string cloud background.

Tae-Hun Lee; Dharmanand Baboolal; Sushant G. Ghosh

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

395

QCD background for the UA1 W?tb¯ signal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cc¯X and bb¯X background affecting the W?tb¯ e/?+2 jets signal reported by the UA1 Collaboration is discussed. Calculations are based on an O(?s 2)+leading-pole approximation scheme, which includes jet radiation in the initial and final states of the hard binary parton process, and include the heavy-flavor excitation contribution, the stability of which has been checked. The main conclusions are the following. (i) Selection cuts naturally induce a topological event structure on the surviving background mimicking that expected for a W?tb¯ signal. (ii) The background rates for ?+2 jets events, on which we concentrate, are compatible within theoretical uncertainties with the number of events experimentally observed. The importance of purely leptonic decay modes, which survive the lepton-isolation cuts, and the bias induced by lepton-isolation cuts on background event topologies are also clarified.

A. Grosso and R. Odorico

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

GammaSense: Infrastructureless Positioning Using Background Radioactivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce the harvesting of natural background radioactivity for positioning. Using a standard Geiger-Müller counter as sensor, we fingerprint the natural levels of gamma radiation with the aim of then roughly pinpointing the position of a client ...

Doina Bucur; Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Simulation of PEP-II Accelerator Backgrounds Using TURTLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present studies of accelerator-induced backgrounds in the BaBar detector at the SLAC B-Factory, carried out using LPTURTLE, a modified version of the DECAY TURTLE simulation package. Lost-particle backgrounds in PEP-II are dominated by a combination of beam-gas bremstrahlung, beam-gas Coulomb scattering, radiative-Bhabha events and beam-beam blow-up. The radiation damage and detector occupancy caused by the associated electromagnetic shower debris can limit the usable luminosity. In order to understand and mitigate such backgrounds, we have performed a full program of beam-gas and luminosity-background simulations, that include the effects of the detector solenoidal field, detailed modeling of limiting apertures in both collider rings, and optimization of the betatron collimation scheme in the presence of large transverse tails.

Barlow, R.J.; Fieguth, T.; /SLAC; Kozanecki, W.; /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay; Majewski, S.A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Roudeau, P.; Stocchi, A.; /Orsay, LAL

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

The Cosmic Near Infrared Background: Remnant Light from Early Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The redshifted ultraviolet light from early stars at z ~ 10 contributes to the cosmic near infrared background. We present detailed calculations of its spectrum with various assumptions about metallicity and mass spectrum of early stars. We show that if the near infrared background has a stellar origin, metal-free stars are not the only explanation of the excess near infrared background; stars with metals (e.g. Z=1/50 Z_sun) can produce the same amount of background intensity as the metal-free stars. We quantitatively show that the predicted average intensity at 1-2 microns is essentially determined by the efficiency of nuclear burning in stars, which is not very sensitive to metallicity. We predict \

Elizabeth Fernandez; Eiichiro Komatsu

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

399

Muon-Induced Backgrounds in Double Chooz Emily Conover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to scintillator 8 MeV n capture energy, 30µs backgrounds due to muons remain E¯e = Ee+ + 10-40keV En + 1.8MeMuon-Induced Backgrounds in Double Chooz Emily Conover University of Chicago Second Thesis and Stopped Muons 9Li and 8He 3. Double Chooz Results 4. Conclusions Timeline/Future work Emily Conover (Univ

400

The X-ray background and the evolution of AGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the constraints on the AGN evolution from the cosmic X-ray background and source counts. A synthesis model to fit the X-ray background is presented. In the model, the spectrum of type 2 AGN has been modeled including Compton down--scattering within the absorbing material. Besides, we introduced a dependence on redshift of the relative number of obscured sources and found a decrease of the fraction of type 2 AGN at redshifts larger than 2.

Fulvio Pompilio; Fabio La Franca; Giorgio Matt

1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To better understand the contribution of cosmic ray muons to the CUORICINO background, 10 plastic scintillator detectors were installed at the CUORICINO site and operated during the final 3 months of the experiment. From these measurements, an upper limit of 0.0021 counts/(keV kg yr) (95% CL) was obtained on the cosmic ray-induced background in the neutrinoless double beta decay region of interest. The measurements were also compared to Geant4 simulations.

E. Andreotti; C. Arnaboldi; F. T. Avignone III; M. Balata; I. Bandac; M. Barucci; J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; T. Bloxham; C. Brofferio; A. Bryant; C. Bucci; L. Canonica; S. Capelli; L. Carbone; M. Carrettoni; M. Clemenza; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; S. Di Domizio; M. J. Dolinski; L. Ejzak; R. Faccini; H. A. Farach; E. Ferri; F. Ferroni; E. Fiorini; L. Foggetta; A. Giachero; L. Gironi; A. Giuliani; P. Gorla; E. Guardincerri; T. D. Gutierrez; E. E. Haller; R. Kadel; K. Kazkaz; S. Kraft; L. Kogler; Yu. G. Kolomensky; C. Maiano; R. H. Maruyama; C. Martinez; M. Martinez; L. Mizouni; S. Morganti; S. Nisi; C. Nones; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; F. Orio; M. Pallavicini; V. Palmieri; L. Pattavina; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; L. Risegari; C. Rosenfeld; C. Rusconi; C. Salvioni; S. Sangiorgio; D. Schaeffer; N. D. Scielzo; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; C. Tomei; G. Ventura; M. Vignati

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

402

Kinematic interpretation of string instability in a background gravitational field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unstable regime in which the string oscillating modes develop imaginary frequencies is shown to be characterized, kinematically, by a positive relative acceleration among the different points of the string. Instability occurs when this acceleration, induced by the background curvature, is large enough to make the extension of the corresponding causally connected region smaller than the string maximal size. This kinematic characterization is applied, in particular, to discuss string instability in a static and spherically symmetric gravitational background.

M. Gasperini

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Methodology for Final Hazard Categorization for Nuclear Facilities from Category 3 to Radiological  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy Nuclear Safety Technical Position NSTP 2002-2 Methodology for Final Hazard Categorization for Nuclear Facilities from Category 3 to Radiological Issue: DOE-STD-1027-92 defines a lower threshold criterion for preliminary hazard categorization as a nuclear Hazard Category 3 (HC-3) facility or activity. But it does not provide a method other than inventory reduction or segmentation on how an HC-3 facility or activity can be demonstrated to be below HC-3 (i.e., radiological) in final hazard categorization. Background: 10 CFR 830 Subpart B requires that all DOE nuclear facilities categorized as HC-3 or above have a DOE approved safety basis compliant with the requirements of Subpart B. The rule requires the use of DOE-

404

Paducah DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 4: Environmental Impact Assessment Approach, Assumptions, and Methodology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paducah DUF Paducah DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT APPROACH, ASSUMPTIONS, AND METHODOLOGY This EIS evaluates potential impacts on human health and the natural environment from building and operating a DUF 6 conversion facility at three alternative locations at the Paducah site and for a no action alternative. These impacts might be positive, in that they would improve conditions in the human or natural environment, or negative, in that they would cause a decline in those conditions. This chapter provides an overview of the methods used to estimate the potential impacts associated with the EIS alternatives, summarizes the major assumptions that formed the basis of the evaluation, and provides some background information on human health

405

Methodology for integration of HVDC links in large ac systems. Phase I. Reference manual. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HVDC transmission has been found to be an attractive alternative to ac transmission in many situations. Evaluations of HVDC alternatives include technical, economic, environmental and sometimes regulatory considerations which are different than those for ac transmission. This research project resulted in the preparation of a HVDC reference manual which describes a comprehensive methodology for evaluating HVDC alternatives in utility transmission planning. It provides basic background information about existing HVDC systems. It describes the types of studies required and potential problems which must be dealt with. It also discusses how the studies are usually run and what system modeling is required. It emphasizes the importance of proper control of the dc system and provides examples of control systems which have been used.

Meredith, R.J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Blazar surveys with WMAP and Swift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the preliminary results from two new surveys of blazars that have direct implications on the GLAST detection of extragalactic sources from two different perspectives: microwave selection and a combined deep X-ray/radio selection. The first one is a 41 GHz flux-limited sample extracted from the WMAP 3-yr catalog of microwave point sources. This is a statistically well defined sample of about 200 blazars and radio galaxies, most of which are expected to be detected by GLAST. The second one is a new deep survey of Blazars selected among the radio sources that are spatially coincident with serendipitous sources detected in deep X-ray images (0.3-10 keV) centered on the Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB) discovered by the Swift satellite. This sample is particularly interesting from a statistical viewpoint since a) it is unbiased as GRBs explode at random positions in the sky, b) it is very deep in the X-ray band (\\fx \\simgt $10^{-15}$ \\ergs) with a position accuracy of a few arc-seconds, c) it will cover a fairly large (20-30 square deg.) area of sky, d) it includes all blazars with radio flux (1.4 GHz) larger than 10 mJy, making it approximately two orders of magnitude deeper than the WMAP sample and about one order of magnitude deeper than the deepest existing complete samples of radio selected blazars, and e) it can be used to estimate the amount of unresolved GLAST high latitude gamma-ray background and its anisotropy spectrum.

P. Giommi; M. Capalbi; E. Cavazzuti; S. Colafrancesco; S. Cutini; D. Gasparrini; E. Massaro; P. Padovani; M. Perri; S. Puccetti

2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

407

Clean Development Mechanism agricultural methodologies could help California to achieve AB 32 goals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agricultural methodologies could help California to achieveIts methodologies can help inform the implementation ofproject meth- odologies could help California realize its

Dinar, Ariel; Larson, Donald F; Frisbie, J. Aapris

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Background reduction and sensitivity for germanium double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germanium detectors have very good capabilities for the investigation of rare phenomena like the neutrinoless double beta decay. Rejection of the background entangling the expected signal is one primary goal in this kind of experiments. Here, the attainable background reduction in the energy region where the neutrinoless double beta decay signal of 76Ge is expected to appear has been evaluated for experiments using germanium detectors, taking into consideration different strategies like the granularity of the detector system, the segmentation of each individual germanium detector and the application of Pulse Shape Analysis techniques to discriminate signal from background events. Detection efficiency to the signal is affected by background rejection techniques, and therefore it has been estimated for each of the background rejection scenarios considered. Finally, conditions regarding crystal mass, radiopurity, exposure to cosmic rays, shielding and rejection capabilities are discussed with the aim to achieve a background level of 10-3 c keV-1 kg-1 y-1 in the region of interest, which would allow to explore neutrino effective masses around 40 meV.

H. Gómez; S. Cebrián; J. Morales; J. A. Villar

2007-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

409

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are Peer Reviewers Encouraged to Use Reporting Guidelines? A Survey of 116 Health Research Journals of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom Abstract Background: Pre-publication peer review of manuscripts should prepare better manuscripts may help peer reviewers in assessing them. We examined journals' instructions

410

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Relationship of CBECS Coverage to EIA Supply Surveys Relationship of CBECS Coverage to EIA Supply Surveys The primary purpose of the CBECS is to collect accurate statistics of energy consumption by individual buildings. EIA also collects data on total energy supply (sales). For the information on sales totals, a different reporting system is used for each fuel and the boundaries between the different sectors (e.g., residential, commercial, industrial) are drawn differently for each fuel. Background EIA sales data on the different fuels are compiled in individual fuel reports. Annual electricity sales data are currently collected on Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report," which is sent to all electric utilities in the United States. Supply data for natural gas are collected on Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas

411

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: survey design and first data release  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: survey design and first data...M5S 3H4, Canada The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is a survey of 240 000 emission-line...et al. 2009a). The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is a major large-scale structure......

Michael J. Drinkwater; Russell J. Jurek; Chris Blake; David Woods; Kevin A. Pimbblet; Karl Glazebrook; Rob Sharp; Michael B. Pracy; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Warrick J. Couch; Scott M. Croom; Tamara M. Davis; Duncan Forbes; Karl Forster; David G. Gilbank; Michael Gladders; Ben Jelliffe; Nick Jones; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Gregory B. Poole; Todd Small; Emily Wisnioski; Ted Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

412

Refraction Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refraction Survey Refraction Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Refraction Survey Details Activities (16) Areas (13) Regions (5) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Active Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Can provide information on crustal thickness, depth to basement. Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 6,206.80620,680 centUSD 6.207 kUSD 0.00621 MUSD 6.2068e-6 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 10,877.331,087,733 centUSD 10.877 kUSD 0.0109 MUSD 1.087733e-5 TUSD / mile

413

Geodetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geodetic Survey Geodetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Geodetic Survey Details Activities (17) Areas (10) Regions (5) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Map regional strain rates Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 250.0025,000 centUSD 0.25 kUSD 2.5e-4 MUSD 2.5e-7 TUSD / point Median Estimate (USD): 600.0060,000 centUSD 0.6 kUSD 6.0e-4 MUSD 6.0e-7 TUSD / point High-End Estimate (USD): 1,500.00150,000 centUSD 1.5 kUSD 0.0015 MUSD 1.5e-6 TUSD / point Time Required Low-End Estimate: 5 days0.0137 years

414

Probing Dark Energy with Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations from Future Large Galaxy Redshift Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the measurement of the baryonic acoustic oscillations in large high redshift galaxy surveys offers a precision route to the measurement of dark energy. The cosmic microwave background provides the scale of the oscillations as a standard ruler that can be measured in the clustering of galaxies, thereby yielding the Hubble parameter and angular diameter distance as a function of redshift. This, in turn, enables one to probe dark energy. We use a Fisher matrix formalism to study the statistical errors for redshift surveys up to z=3 and report errors on cosmography while marginalizing over a large number of cosmological parameters including a time-dependent equation of state. With redshifts surveys combined with cosmic microwave background satellite data, we achieve errors of 0.037 on Omega_x, 0.10 on w(z=0.8), and 0.28 on dw(z)/dz for cosmological constant model. Models with less negative w(z) permit tighter constraints. We test and discuss the dependence of performance on redshift, survey conditions, and fiducial model. We find results that are competitive with the performance of future supernovae Ia surveys. We conclude that redshift surveys offer a promising independent route to the measurement of dark energy.

Hee-Jong Seo; Daniel J. Eisenstein

2003-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

415

The Gemini Deep Planet Survey -- GDPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of the Gemini Deep Planet Survey, a near-infrared adaptive optics search for giant planets and brown dwarfs around nearby young stars. The observations were obtained with the Altair adaptive optics system at the Gemini North telescope and angular differential imaging was used to suppress the speckle noise of the central star. Detection limits for the 85 stars observed are presented, along with a list of all faint point sources detected around them. Typically, the observations are sensitive to angular separations beyond 0.5" with 5-sigma contrast sensitivities in magnitude difference at 1.6 micron of 9.5 at 0.5", 12.9 at 1", 15.0 at 2", and 16.5 at 5". For the typical target of the survey, a 100 Myr old K0 star located 22 pc from the Sun, the observations are sensitive enough to detect planets more massive than 2 Mjup with a projected separation in the range 40-200 AU. Second epoch observations of 48 stars with candidates (out of 54) have confirmed that all candidates are unrelated background stars. A detailed statistical analysis of the survey results, yielding upper limits on the fractions of stars with giant planet or low mass brown dwarf companions, is presented. Assuming a planet mass distribution dN/dm m^{-1.2} and a semi-major axis distribution dN/da a^{-1}, the 95% credible upper limits on the fraction of stars with at least one planet of mass 0.5-13 Mjup are 0.28 for the range 10-25 AU, 0.13 for 25-50 AU, and 0.093 for 50-250 AU. The 95% credible interval for the fraction of stars with at least one brown dwarf companion having a semi-major axis in the range 25-250 AU is 0.019 (-0.015/+0.083), irrespective of any assumption on the mass and semi-major axis distributions. The stars HD 14802, HD 166181, and HD 213845 have been resolved into binaries for the first time.

David Lafreniere; Rene Doyon; Christian Marois; Daniel Nadeau; Ben R. Oppenheimer; Patrick F. Roche; Francois Rigaut; James R. Graham; Ray Jayawardhana; Doug Johnstone; Paul G. Kalas; Bruce Macintosh; Rene Racine

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

416

Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Reflection Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Reflection Survey Details Activities (35) Areas (22) Regions (2) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Active Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

417

Aeromagnetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Aeromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Aeromagnetic Survey Details Activities (26) Areas (19) Regions (1) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: map structure, basin fill thickness, and magnetic mineral concentrations in ore bodies Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 22.532,253 centUSD

418

A new well surveying tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

directional well was to tip the entire rig, then block up one side of the rotary table so as to incline the uppermost joint of the drill pipe. The accuracy obtained by this method left much to be desired. The technique of controlled directional drilling... by Surveying Device for S and 19 , N and 41 . 21 3. Comparison of Measured Angles and Angles Indicated by Surveying Device for NE snd 9 , W and 45 . . . . . . . ~ 22 ABSTRNl T Ever since the advent of rotary drilling the petroleum industry has been...

Haghighi, Manuchehr Mehdizabeh

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

State background-radiation levels: results of measurements taken during 1975-1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background radiation levels across the United States have been measured by the Off-Site Pollutant Measurements Group of the Health and Safety Research Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). These measurements have been conducted as part of the ORNL program of radiological surveillance at inactive uranium mills and sites formerly utilized during Manhattan Engineer District and early Atomic Energy Commission projects. The measurements included determination of /sup 226/Ra, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 238/U concentrations in surface soil samples and measurement of external gamma-ray exposure rates at 1 m above the ground surface at the location of soil sampling. This information is being utilized for comparative purposes to determine the extent of contamination present at the survey sites and surrounding off-site areas. The sampling program to date has provided background information at 356 locations in 33 states. External gamma-ray exposure rates were found to range from less than 1 to 34 ..mu..R/h, with an US average of 8.5 ..mu..R/h. The nationwide average concentrations of /sup 226/Ra, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 238/U in surface soil were determined to be 1.1, 0.98, and 1.0 pCi/g, respectively.

Myrick, T.E.; Berven, B.A.; Haywood, F.F.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Optimizing spectroscopic and photometric galaxy surveys: efficient target selection and survey strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......instrument design and survey strategy in order to measure dark energy. We use colour-colour...next 10-years. The Dark Energy Survey, 1 hereafter DES...used by the WiggleZ Dark Energy survey (Drinkwater et-al......

S. Jouvel; F. B. Abdalla; D. Kirk; O. Lahav; H. Lin; J. Annis; R. Kron; J. A. Frieman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Analysis & Projections -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

How does EIA estimate energy consumption and end uses in U.S. homes? How does EIA estimate energy consumption and end uses in U.S. homes? RECS 2009 - Release date: March 28, 2011 EIA administers the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) to a nationally representative sample of housing units. Specially trained interviewers collect energy characteristics on the housing unit, usage patterns, and household demographics. This information is combined with data from energy suppliers to these homes to estimate energy costs and usage for heating, cooling, appliances and other end uses â€" information critical to meeting future energy demand and improving efficiency and building design. RECS uses a multi-stage area probability design to select sample methodology figure A multi-stage area probability design ensures the selection

422

SKA - EoR correlations and cross-correlations: kSZ, radio galaxies, and NIR background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Universe's Cosmic Dawn (CD) and Epoch of Reionization (EoR) can be studied using a number of observational probes that provide complementary or corroborating information. Each of these probes suffers from its own systematic and statistical uncertainties. It is therefore useful to consider the mutual information that these data sets contain. In this paper, we discuss a potential of cross-correlations between the SKA cosmological 21 cm data with: (i) the kinetic Sunyaev- Zel'dovich (kSZ) effect in the CMB data; (ii) the galaxy surveys; and (iii) near infrared (NIR) backgrounds.

Jelic, Vibor; Fernandez, Elizabeth; Tashiro, Hiroyuki; Vrbanec, Dijana

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Commercial Energy and Cost Analysis Methodology | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development » Commercial Development » Commercial Site Map Printable Version Development Commercial Residential Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Commercial Energy and Cost Analysis Methodology The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) evaluates published model codes and standards to help states and local jurisdictions better understand the impacts of updating commercial building energy codes and standards. A methodology was used for evaluating the energy and economic performance of commercial energy codes and standards and proposed changes thereto. This method serves to ensure DOE proposals are both energy efficient and cost-effective. The DOE methodology contains two primary assessments: Energy savings Cost-effectiveness Energy and economic calculations are performed through a comparison of

424

Motor System Energy Efficiency Supply Curves: A Methodology for Assessing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Motor System Energy Efficiency Supply Curves: A Methodology for Assessing Motor System Energy Efficiency Supply Curves: A Methodology for Assessing the Energy Efficiency Potential of Industrial Motor Systems Speaker(s): Ali Hasanbeigi Date: February 8, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Aimee McKane Motor-driven equipment accounts for approximately 60% of manufacturing final electricity use worldwide. A major barrier to effective policymaking, and to more global acceptance of the energy efficiency potential in industrial motor systems, is the lack of a transparent methodology for quantifying the magnitude and cost-effectiveness of these energy savings. This paper presents the results of groundbreaking analyses conducted for five countries and one region to begin to address this barrier. Using a combination of expert opinion and available data from the United States,

425

A Methodology for the Neutronics Design of Space Nuclear Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A methodology for the neutronics design of space power reactors is presented. This methodology involves balancing the competing requirements of having sufficient excess reactivity for the desired lifetime, keeping the reactor subcritical at launch and during submersion accidents, and providing sufficient control over the lifetime of the reactor. These requirements are addressed by three reactivity values for a given reactor design: the excess reactivity at beginning of mission, the negative reactivity at shutdown, and the negative reactivity margin in submersion accidents. These reactivity values define the control worth and the safety worth in submersion accidents, used for evaluating the merit of a proposed reactor type and design. The Heat Pipe-Segmented Thermoelectric Module Converters space reactor core design is evaluated and modified based on the proposed methodology. The final reactor core design has sufficient excess reactivity for 10 years of nominal operation at 1.82 MW of fission power and is subcritical at launch and in all water submersion accidents.

King, Jeffrey C.; El-Genk, Mohamed S. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States); Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States)

2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

426

An Integrated Safety Assessment Methodology for Generation IV Nuclear Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Risk and Safety Working Group (RSWG) was created to develop an effective approach for the safety of Generation IV advanced nuclear energy systems. Early work of the RSWG focused on defining a safety philosophy founded on lessons learned from current and prior generations of nuclear technologies, and on identifying technology characteristics that may help achieve Generation IV safety goals. More recent RSWG work has focused on the definition of an integrated safety assessment methodology for evaluating the safety of Generation IV systems. The methodology, tentatively called ISAM, is an integrated “toolkit” consisting of analytical techniques that are available and matched to appropriate stages of Generation IV system concept development. The integrated methodology is intended to yield safety-related insights that help actively drive the evolving design throughout the technology development cycle, potentially resulting in enhanced safety, reduced costs, and shortened development time.

Timothy J. Leahy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology A Qualified Assessor calculates the Home Energy Score by first conducting a brief walk-through of the home and collecting approximately 40 data points. Next, the Qualified Assessor uses the Home Energy Scoring Tool to estimate the home's energy use. The Scoring Tool converts it into a Score and develops recommendations for energy improvements. All the data required to calculate the Home Energy Score is listed in the Data Collection Sheet. The calculation method holds a number of variables constant. For example, it assumes, that the thermostat is set at specific levels at various points of the year, and that homeowners use appliances in a standard way. By holding these other variables constant, the Home Energy Score allows

428

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.scribd.com/doc/34712276/Energy-efficiency-standards-for-refrigerat Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-efficiency-standards-refrigera Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: "Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling,Emissions Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

429

Background-independent measurement of $?_{13}$ in Double Chooz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The oscillation results published by the Double Chooz collaboration in 2011 and 2012 rely on background models substantiated by reactor-on data. In this analysis, we present a background-model-independent measurement of the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ by including 7.53 days of reactor-off data. A global fit of the observed neutrino rates for different reactor power conditions is performed, yielding a measurement of both $\\theta_{13}$ and the total background rate. The results on the mixing angle are improved significantly by including the reactor-off data in the fit, as it provides a direct measurement of the total background rate. This reactor rate modulation analysis considers antineutrino candidates with neutron captures on both Gd and H, whose combination yields $\\sin^2(2\\theta_{13})=$ 0.102 $\\pm$ 0.028(stat.) $\\pm$ 0.033(syst.). The results presented in this study are fully consistent with the ones already published by Double Chooz, achieving a competitive precision. They provide, for the first time, a determination of $\\theta_{13}$ that does not depend on a background model.

Y. Abe; J. C. dos Anjos; J. C. Barriere; E. Baussan; I. Bekman; M. Bergevin; T. J. C. Bezerra; L. Bezrukov; E. Blucher; C. Buck; J. Busenitz; A. Cabrera; E. Caden; L. Camilleri; R. Carr; M. Cerrada; P. -J. Chang; E. Chauveau; P. Chimenti; A. P. Collin; E. Conover; J. M. Conrad; J. I. Crespo-Anadón; K. Crum; A. Cucoanes; E. Damon; J. V. Dawson; D. Dietrich; Z. Djurcic; M. Dracos; M. Elnimr; A. Etenko; M. Fallot; F. von Feilitzsch; J. Felde; S. M. Fernandes; V. Fischer; D. Franco; M. Franke; H. Furuta; I. Gil-Botella; L. Giot; M. Göger-Neff; L. F. G. Gonzalez; L. Goodenough; M. C. Goodman; C. Grant; N. Haag; T. Hara; J. Haser; M. Hofmann; G. A. Horton-Smith; A. Hourlier; M. Ishitsuka; J. Jochum; C. Jollet; F. Kaether; L. N. Kalousis; Y. Kamyshkov; D. M. Kaplan; T. Kawasaki; E. Kemp; H. de Kerret; T. Konno; D. Kryn; M. Kuze; T. Lachenmaier; C. E. Lane; T. Lasserre; A. Letourneau; D. Lhuillier; H. P. Lima Jr; M. Lindner; J. M. López-Castaño; J. M. LoSecco; B. K. Lubsandorzhiev; S. Lucht; J. Maeda; C. Mariani; J. Maricic; J. Martino; T. Matsubara; G. Mention; A. Meregaglia; T. Miletic; R. Milincic; A. Minotti; Y. Nagasaka; K. Nakajima; Y. Nikitenko; P. Novella; M. Obolensky; L. Oberauer; A. Onillon; A. Osborn; C. Palomares; I. M. Pepe; S. Perasso; P. Pfahler; A. Porta; G. Pronost; J. Reichenbacher; B. Reinhold; M. Röhling; R. Roncin; S. Roth; B. Rybolt; Y. Sakamoto; R. Santorelli; F. Sato; A. C. Schilithz; S. Schönert; S. Schoppmann; M. H. Shaevitz; R. Sharankova; S. Shimojima; V. Sibille; V. Sinev; M. Skorokhvatov; E. Smith; J. Spitz; A. Stahl; I. Stancu; L. F. F. Stokes; M. Strait; A. Stüken; F. Suekane; S. Sukhotin; T. Sumiyoshi; Y. Sun; R. Svoboda; K. Terao; A. Tonazzo; H. H. Trinh Thi; G. Valdiviesso; N. Vassilopoulos; C. Veyssiere; M. Vivier; S. Wagner; H. Watanabe; C. Wiebusch; L. Winslow; M. Wurm; G. Yang; F. Yermia; V. Zimmer

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

430

Cavern background measurement with the ATLAS RPC system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measurement of cavern background has been carried out systematically since the beginning of LHC, as soon as the luminosity produced a detectable signal, from L = 10^28 cm^2s^1 of the early 2010 operation up to L=10^28 cm^2s^1 at the end of 2011 proton-proton run, which is just 1/3 of the nominal LHC luminosity. The reason for this is to early foresee the running condition for the detector for the nominal LHC luminosity and beyond, in view of the super-LHC upgrade. Background Montecarlo calculations have been validated against data and the background map analysis pointed out hotspots due to localized cracks in the radiation shielding. The RPCs participated to this effort since the earliest stages providing an accurate correlation between luminosity and background, a 3D background map in the barrel region and a direct measurement of the cavern activation. Moreover due to the high sensitivity and very good signal to noise ratio of the proposed method, based on the gap current, the measurement was provided in...

Aielli, G; The ATLAS collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Aerial surveying of the world's largest leatherback turtle rookery: A more effective methodology for large-scale monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-de-France 75005, France e PROTOMAC, BP 2104 Libreville, Gabon f IBONGA-ACPE, BP 178 Gamba, Gabon g CNDIO-Gabon, BP 10961 Libreville, Gabon h Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux, BP 546 Libreville, Gabon i Gabon Environnement, BP 2104 Libreville, Gabon j Aventures Sans Frontières, BP 7248, Gabon k WWF-Gabon, BP 9144

Exeter, University of

432

Survey of Biochemistry Course Syllabus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:45 pm Boggs 228 PREREQUISITES CHEM 1315 (Survey of Organic Chemistry) or CHEM 2312 (Organic Chemistry II throughout the term and each will be closed book. There will be no opportunity for make-up examination book. Students who fail to attend the final examination will earn an automatic grade of "0

Houston, Paul L.

433

White Ranch Wetlands Biological Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Ranch Wetlands Biological Survey and Permanent Vegetation Monitoring Plots Prepared for: U Services Building Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 March 1998 #12;WHITE RANCH WETLANDS assessment of the White Ranch wetlands. In addition we set up permanent plots along transects to collect

434

Hazards Survey and Hazards Assessments  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This volume is to assist DOE Operations/Field Offices and operating contractors in complying with the DOE O 151.1 requirement that Hazards Surveys and facility-specific Hazards Assessments be prepared, maintained, and used for emergency planning purposes. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-2.

1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

EIA - Appendix B: Estimation Methodologies of Household Vehicles...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey (RTECS), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) fuel efficiency test results, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) retail pump price series, and the...

436

PNNL-21294 Methodology for Evaluating Cost- Effectiveness of Residential Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1294 1294 Methodology for Evaluating Cost- Effectiveness of Residential Energy Code Changes ZT Taylor N Fernandez RG Lucas April 2012 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352 iii Contents 1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 1.1 2.0 Estimating Energy Savings of Code Changes .............................................................................. 2.1 2.1 Building Energy Use Simulation Assumptions and Methodology ....................................... 2.1 2.1.1 Energy Simulation Tool ............................................................................................ 2.1

437

Expert opinion in risk analysis; The NUREG-1150 methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Risk analysis of nuclear power generation often requires the use of expert opinion to provide probabilistic inputs where other sources of information are unavailable or are not cost effective. In the Reactor Rise Reference Document (NUREG-1150), a methodology for the collection of expert opinion was developed. The resulting methodology presented by the author involves a ten-step process: selection of experts, selection of issues, preparation of issue statements, elicitation training, preparation of expert analyses by panel members, discussion of analyses, elicitation, recomposition and aggregation, and review by the panel members. These steps were implemented in a multiple meeting format that brought together experts from a variety of work places.

Hora, S.C.; Iman, R.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Numerical Methodology to Evaluate Fast Reactor Sodium Combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, a numerical methodology for sodium combustion has been developed for the safety evaluation of a liquid-metal-cooled fast reactor. The methodology includes a fast-running zone model computer program for safety evaluation, a field model program for multidimensional thermal hydraulics, and a chemical reaction analysis program based on chemical equilibrium theory. Two recently performed experiments have been analyzed using the computer programs, and the numerical results are in good agreement with the experiments. Although sodium combustion is a complex phenomenon, use of these computer programs gives better understanding of the coupled thermal hydraulics and chemical reaction.

Yamaguchi, Akira; Takata, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (Japan)

2001-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Performance Management Methodology Moving from Performance Measurement to Performance Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guide to a Balanced Scorecard: Guide to a Balanced Scorecard: Performance Management Methodology Moving from Performance Measurement to Performance Management Guide to a Balanced Scorecard Performance Management Methodology Richard H. Hopf Deputy Assistant Secretary for Procurement and Assistance Management Department of Energy Lloyd W. Pratsch Procurement Executive Department of State Robert A. Welch Director for Acquisition Management and Procurement Executive Department of Commerce Pauk A. Denett Director of Administration/Senior Procurement Executive Department of Interior David J. Litman Director, Office of Acquisition and Grants Management Department of Transportation Ida M. Ustad Deputy Associate Administrator for Acquisition Policy General Services Administration Terrence J. Tychan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Grants

440

No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March » March » Man-Made Radioactivity For Los Alamos area No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area Two aerial flyovers found that radioisotopes and their associated exposure rates are consistent with those expected from normal background radiation. March 19, 2013 High southwest aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory (left) and Los Alamos townsite (middle and right). High southwest aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory (left) and Los Alamos townsite (middle and right). The results are good news and the information will benefit the Lab and the community for years to come as we work toward cleanup and sustainability. Two aerial flyovers of the Los Alamos area to determine the presence of background and manmade radioactivity found that radioisotopes and their

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441

BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS IN LUCKEY, OHIO October 27, 1989 Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program Prepared by: R.F. Weston/Office of Technical Services BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS IN LUCKEY, OHIO INTRODUCTION The Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a program to identify and examine the radiological conditions at sites used in the early years of nuclear energy development by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineer's Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). This program, the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), is administered by the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy through the

442

Direct Imaging of Exoplanets Without Background Subtraction: Implications for ELTs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultra-high contrast capability required to form images of other solar systems is arguably the highest-profile challenge in astronomy today. The current high-contrast imaging efforts all require background subtraction to separate the planetary image from the image of the host star. Background estimation is difficult due to the presence of non-common path aberrations (NCPAs) that change with time. The only major source of information that is not being utilized by current efforts is the random encoding of the planetary image and the NCPAs by the atmosphere on millisecond time-scales. Here, a method that utilizes this information in order to avoid background subtraction altogether is proposed. This new paradigm will allow simultaneous estimation of the time-dependent NCPAs and the planetary image via rigorous statistical inference procedures. These procedures are fully compatible with other information sources, such as diurnal field rotation and spectral diversity. Given the open-ended nature of the backgroun...

Frazin, Richard A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Extended Mosaic Observations with the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two years of microwave background observations with the Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) have been combined to give a sensitive, high resolution angular power spectrum over the range 400 2000 power previously seen with the CBI is reduced. Under the assumption that any signal in excess of the primary anisotropy is due to a secondary Sunyaev-Zeldovich anisotropy in distant galaxy clusters we use CBI, ACBAR, and BIMA data to place a constraint on the present-day rms mass fluctuation sigma_8. We present the results of a cosmological parameter analysis on the l < 2000 primary anisotropy data which show significant improvements in the parameters as compared to WMAP alone, and we explore the role of the small-scale cosmic microwave background data in breaking parameter degeneracies.

A. C. S. Readhead; B. S. Mason; C. R. Contaldi; T. J. Pearson; J. R. Bond; S. T. Myers; S. Padin; J. L. Sievers; J. K. Cartwright; M. C. Shepherd; D. Pogosyan; S. Prunet; P. Altamirano; R. Bustos; L. Bronfman; S. Casassus; W. L. Holzapfel; J. May; U. -L. Pen; S. Torres; P. S. Udomprasert

2004-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

The local potential approximation in the background field formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working within the familiar local potential approximation, and concentrating on the example of a single scalar field in three dimensions, we show that the commonly used approximation method of identifying the total and background fields, leads to pathologies in the resulting fixed point structure and the associated spaces of eigenoperators. We then show how a consistent treatment of the background field through the corresponding modified shift Ward identity, can cure these pathologies, restoring universality of physical quantities with respect to the choice of dependence on the background field, even within the local potential approximation. Along the way we point out similarities to what has been previously found in the f(R) approximation in asymptotic safety for gravity.

I. Hamzaan Bridle; Juergen A. Dietz; Tim R. Morris

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

445

Reducing backgrounds in the higgs factory muon collider detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preliminary design of the 125-GeV Higgs Factory (HF) Muon Collider (MC) has identified an enormous background loads on the HF detector. This is related to the twelve times higher muon decay probability at HF compared to that previously studied for the 1.5-TeV MC. As a result of MARS15 optimization studies, it is shown that with a carefully designed protection system in the interaction region, in the machine-detector interface and inside the detector one can reduce the background rates to a manageable level similar to that achieved for the optimized 1.5-TeV case. The main characteristics of the HF detector background are presented for the configuration found.

Mokhov, N. V.; Tropin, I. S.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing September 14, 2011 - 12:04am Addthis Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs This morning, the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations is holding a hearing to discuss Solyndra Solar, the California-based solar manufacturer that declared bankruptcy last week. Jonathan Silver, Executive Director of the Department's Loan Programs Office, will be testifying. We've posted Jonathan's written testimony online. The testimony is very thorough and provides a good explanation of the loan process and the extensive reviews and analysis conducted by the Department between 2006 and 2009. He also explains the remarkable changes in the solar market since

447

Mapping the Heavens: Probing Cosmology with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This talk will provide an overview of results from the on-going Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), the most ambitious mapping of the Universe yet undertaken, focusing on those with implications for cosmology. It will include a virtual fly-through of the survey that reveals the 3-dimensional large-scale structure of the galaxy distribution. Recent measurements of this large-scale structure, in combination with observations of the cosmic microwave background, have provided independent evidence for a Universe dominated by dark matter and dark energy as well as insights into how galaxies and larger-scale structures formed. I will also describe early results from the SDSS Supernova Survey, which aims to provide more precise constraints on the nature of dark energy. Future planned surveys from the ground and from space will build on these foundations to probe the history of the cosmic expansion--and thereby the dark energy--with even greater precision.

Professor Josh Frieman

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

448

Can a galaxy redshift survey measure dark energy clustering?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(abridged) A wide-field galaxy redshift survey allows one to probe galaxy clustering at largest spatial scales, which carries an invaluable information on horizon-scale physics complementarily to the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Assuming the planned survey consisting of z~1 and z~3 surveys with areas of 2000 and 300 square degrees, respectively, we study the prospects for probing dark energy clustering from the measured galaxy power spectrum, assuming the dynamical properties of dark energy are specified in terms of the equation of state and the effective sound speed c_e in the context of an adiabatic cold dark matter dominated model. The dark energy clustering adds a power to the galaxy power spectrum amplitude at spatial scales greater than the sound horizon, and the enhancement is sensitive to redshift evolution of the net dark energy density, i.e. the equation of state. We find that the galaxy survey, when combined with Planck, can distinguish dark energy clustering from a smooth dark energy model such as the quintessence model (c_e=1), when c_esurvey of z~1 galaxies allows the detection when c_edark energy clustering and the non-relativistic neutrinos implied from the neutrino oscillation experiments, because the two effects both induce a scale-dependent modification in the galaxy power spectrum shape at largest spatial scales accessible from the galaxy survey. It is shown that a wider redshift coverage can efficiently separate the two effects by utilizing the different redshift dependences, where dark energy clustering is apparent only at low redshifts z<1.

Masahiro Takada

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

449

A Methodology for Calculating Emissions Reductions from Renewable Energy Programs and its Application to the Wind Farms in the Texas ERCOT Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Systems Laboratory 1 A METHODOLOGY FOR CALCULATING EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE WIND FARMS IN THE TEXAS ERCOT REGION Zi Liu, Jeff Haberl, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Kris Subbarao, Charles... on Sweetwater I Wind Farm Capacity Factor Analysis Application to All Wind Farms Uncertainty Analysis Emissions Reduction Summary Energy Systems Laboratory 3 SUMMARYEMISSIONS REDUCTION UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS APPLICATIONMETHODOLOGYINTRODUCTION Background...

Liu, Z.; Haberl, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Subbarao, K.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

450

Gravitational-Wave Stochastic Background from Cosmic Strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the stochastic background of gravitational waves produced by a network of cosmic strings and assess their accessibility to current and planned gravitational wave detectors, as well as to big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), cosmic microwave background (CMB), and pulsar timing constraints. We find that current data from interferometric gravitational wave detectors, such as Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO), are sensitive to areas of parameter space of cosmic string models complementary to those accessible to pulsar, BBN, and CMB bounds. Future more sensitive LIGO runs and interferometers such as Advanced LIGO and Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) will be able to explore substantial parts of the parameter space.

Xavier Siemens; Vuk Mandic; Jolien Creighton

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

451

Radiative emission of neutrino pair free of quantum electrodynamic backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme of quantum electrodynamic (QED) background-free radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP) is proposed in order to achieve precision determination of neutrino properties so far not accessible. The important point for the background rejection is the fact that the dispersion relation between wave vector along propagating direction in wave guide (and in a photonic-crystal type fiber) and frequency is modified by a discretized non-vanishing effective mass. This effective mass acts as a cutoff of allowed frequencies, and one may select the RENP photon energy region free of all macro-coherently amplified QED processes by choosing the cutoff larger than the mass of neutrinos.

Yoshimura, M; Tanaka, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Connection between the pinch technique and the background field method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The connection between the pinch technique and the background field method is further explored. We show by explicit calculations that the application of the pinch technique in the framework of the background field method gives rise to exactly the same results as in the linear renormalizable gauges. The general method for extending the pinch technique to the case of Green’s functions with off-shell fermions as incoming particles is presented. As an example, the one-loop gauge-independent quark self-energy is constructed. We briefly discuss the possibility that the gluonic Green’s functions, obtained by either method, correspond to physical quantities.

Joannis Papavassiliou

1995-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Radiative emission of neutrino pair free of quantum electrodynamic backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme of quantum electrodynamic (QED) background-free radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP) is proposed in order to achieve precision determination of neutrino properties so far not accessible. The important point for the background rejection is the fact that the dispersion relation between wave vector along propagating direction in wave guide (and in a photonic-crystal type fiber) and frequency is modified by a discretized non-vanishing effective mass. This effective mass acts as a cutoff of allowed frequencies, and one may select the RENP photon energy region free of all macro-coherently amplified QED processes by choosing the cutoff larger than the mass of neutrinos.

M. Yoshimura; N. Sasao; M. Tanaka

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

454

Beam-Induced Backgrounds in the CLIC Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The beam parameters of the proposed CLIC linear electron-positron collider with a centre-of-mass energy of up to 3 TeV will lead to high rates of beam-induced background events. In this note simulation studies of ?? ? hadron interactions and of incoherent electron-positron pair production are presented. The CLIC detector concepts and their optimisation to reduce background occupancies are described. The characteristics of the events are discussed and resulting occupancies and energy deposits, as well as expected levels of both total ionising dose and displacement damage in the detectors are discussed.

Dannheim, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Background Fact Sheet Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions At the direction of Energy Secretary Steven Chu, over many months, the Energy Department (DOE) has been working closely with Energy Northwest (ENW), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), and USEC Inc. (USEC) to develop a plan to address the challenges at USEC's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) that advances America's national security interests, protects taxpayers, and provides benefits for TVA and the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) electric ratepayers and business operations. BPA is ENW's sole customer, purchasing 100 percent of ENW's Columbia Generating Station's electric power as part of BPA's overall

456

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodology calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal system in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. The overall project area is 2500km2 with the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) being about 170km2. The project was subdivided into five tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data; (2) design and populate a GIS database; (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area at 0.5km intervals to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km; (4) collect new geophysical and geochemical data, and (5) repeat Task 3 for the enhanced (baseline + new ) data. Favorability maps were based on the integrated assessment of the three critical EGS exploration parameters of interest: rock type, temperature and stress. A complimentary trust map was generated to compliment the favorability maps to graphically illustrate the cumulative confidence in the data used in the favorability mapping. The Final Scientific Report (FSR) is submitted in two parts with Part I describing the results of project Tasks 1 through 3 and Part II covering the results of project Tasks 4 through 5 plus answering nine questions posed in the proposal for the overall project. FSR Part I presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region. FSR Part II presents (1) 278 new gravity stations; (2) enhanced gravity-magnetic modeling; (3) 42 new ambient seismic noise survey stations; (4) an integration of the new seismic noise data with a regional seismic network; (5) a new methodology and approach to interpret this data; (5) a novel method to predict rock type and temperature based on the newly interpreted data; (6) 70 new magnetotelluric (MT) stations; (7) an integrated interpretation of the enhanced MT data set; (8) the results of a 308 station soil CO2 gas survey; (9) new conductive thermal modeling in the project area; (10) new convective modeling in the Calibration Area; (11) pseudo-convective modeling in the Calibration Area; (12) enhanced data implications and qualitative geoscience correlations at three scales (a) Regional, (b) Project, and (c) Calibration Area; (13) quantitative geostatistical exploratory data analysis; and (14) responses to nine questions posed in the proposal for this investigation. Enhanced favorability/trust maps were not generated because there was not a sufficient amount of new, fully-vetted (see below) rock type, temperature, and stress data. The enhanced seismic data did generate a new method to infer rock type and temperature. However, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator for this project, this new methodology needs to be tested and evaluated at other sites in the Basin and Range before it is used to generate the referenced maps. As in the baseline conceptual model, the enhanced findings can be applied to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Iovenitti, Joe

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

457

The Anisotropy of the Microwave Background to l = 3500: Deep Field Observations with the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation over the multipole range l ~ 200 - 3500 with the Cosmic Background Imager based on deep observations of three fields. These results confirm the drop in power with increasing l first reported in earlier measurements with this instrument, and extend the observations of this decline in power out to l \\~ 2000. The decline in power is consistent with the predicted damping of primary anisotropies. At larger multipoles, l = 2000 - 3500, the power is 3.1 sigma greater than standard models for intrinsic microwave background anisotropy in this multipole range, and 3.5 sigma greater than zero. This excess power is not consistent with expected levels of residual radio source contamination but, for sigma_8 >~ 1, is consistent with predicted levels due to a secondary Sunyaev-Zeldovich anisotropy. Further observations are necessary to confirm the level of this excess and, if confirmed, determine its origin.

B. S. Mason; T. J. Pearson; A. C. S. Readhead; M. C. Shepherd; J. L. Sievers; P. S. Udomprasert; J. K. Cartwright; A. J. Farmer; S. Padin; S. T. Myers; J. R. Bond; C. R. Contaldi; U. -L. Pen; S. Prunet; D. Pogosyan; J. E. Carlstrom; J. Kovac; E. M. Leitch; C. Pryke; N. W. Halverson; W. L. Holzapfel; P. Altamirano; L. Bronfman; S. Casassus; J. May; M. Joy

2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

458

Thermal stability of working fluids for organic Rankine cycles: An improved survey method and experimental results for cyclopentane, isopentane and n-butane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work we present an improved survey method for the evaluation of the thermal stability of working fluids for organic Rankine cycles. The method presented here represents an improvement of a test methodology already used in literature, based on the analysis of temperature and pressure measurements of a fluid subjected to increasing thermal stress temperatures. Compared to the already known methodology, the survey technique presented in this work offers a different evaluation of the measured vapor pressure deviations and a different estimation method of the decomposition rates. After the description of the experimental apparatus and of the test methodology, we present and discuss some experimental results of the thermal stability of three fluids of interest for organic Rankine cycle applications, namely Cyclopentane, Isopentane and n-Butane, in the temperature range between 220 °C and 350 °C.

Marco Pasetti; Costante M. Invernizzi; Paolo Iora

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Primordial Non-Gaussianity and Dark Energy Constraints from Cluster Surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Galaxy cluster surveys will be a powerful probe of dark energy. At the same time, cluster abundance is sensitive to any non-Gaussianity of the primordial density field. It is therefore possible that non-Gaussian initial conditions might be misinterpreted as a sign of dark energy or at least degrade the expected constraints on dark energy parameters. To address this issue, we perform a likelihood analysis of an ideal cluster survey similar in size and depth to the upcoming South Pole Telescope survey and Dark Energy Survey. We analyze a model in which the strength of the non-Gaussianity is parameterized by the constant fNL; this model has been used extensively to derive cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy constraints on non-Gaussianity, allowing us to make contact with those works. We find that the constraining power of the cluster survey on dark energy observables is not significantly diminished by non-Gaussianity, provided that cluster redshift information is included in the analysis. We also find that even an ideal cluster survey is unlikely to significantly improve current and future CMB constraints on non-Gaussianity. However, when all systematics are under control, such surveys could constitute a valuable cross-check on CMB observations.

Emiliano Sefusatti; Chris Vale; Kenji Kadota; Joshua Frieman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Microsoft Word - 42651 UCI System Study Methodology r051215.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SYSTEMS STUDY METHODOLOGY SYSTEMS ANALYSES OF ADVANCED BRAYTON CYCLES FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY ZERO EMISSION PLANTS DOE Award No. DE-FC26-05NT42652 Prepared by: Advanced Power and Energy Program University of California Irvine, California 92697-3550 December 15, 2005 0 Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................................................ 1 Process Design Procedure ....................................................................... 1 Site Conditions and Feedstock Characteristics ........................................................................... 1 Site Conditions........................................................................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Methodology for extracting local constants from petroleum cracking flows  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A methodology provides for the extraction of local chemical kinetic model constants for use in a reacting flow computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computer code with chemical kinetic computations to optimize the operating conditions or design of the system, including retrofit design improvements to existing systems. The coupled CFD and kinetic computer code are used in combination with data obtained from a matrix of experimental tests to extract the kinetic constants. Local fluid dynamic effects are implicitly included in the extracted local kinetic constants for each particular application system to which the methodology is applied. The extracted local kinetic model constants work well over a fairly broad range of operating conditions for specific and complex reaction sets in specific and complex reactor systems. While disclosed in terms of use in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) riser, the inventive methodology has application in virtually any reaction set to extract constants for any particular application and reaction set formulation. The methodology includes the step of: (1) selecting the test data sets for various conditions; (2) establishing the general trend of the parametric effect on the measured product yields; (3) calculating product yields for the selected test conditions using coupled computational fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics; (4) adjusting the local kinetic constants to match calculated product yields with experimental data; and (5) validating the determined set of local kinetic constants by comparing the calculated results with experimental data from additional test runs at different operating conditions.

Chang, Shen-Lin (Woodridge, IL); Lottes, Steven A. (Naperville, IL); Zhou, Chenn Q. (Munster, IN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Prometheus Reactor I&C Software Development Methodology, for Action  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this letter is to submit the Reactor Instrumentation and Control (I&C) software life cycle, development methodology, and programming language selections and rationale for project Prometheus to NR for approval. This letter also provides the draft Reactor I&C Software Development Process Manual and Reactor Module Software Development Plan to NR for information.

T. Hamilton

2005-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

Synthesis in land change science: methodological patterns, challenges, and guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Synthesis in land change science: methodological patterns, challenges, and guidelines of synthesis methods in LCS and assess the current state of synthetic research based on a meta-analysis of synthesis studies from 1995 to 2012. Publication of synthesis research is accel- erating, with a clear trend

Ellis, Erle C.

464

A METHODOLOGY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NARMAX MODELS APPLIED TO DIESEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A METHODOLOGY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NARMAX MODELS APPLIED TO DIESEL ENGINES 1 Gianluca Zito ,2 Ioan is illustrated by means of an automotive case study, namely a variable geometry turbocharged diesel engine identification procedure is illustrated. In section 3 a diesel engine system, used to test the procedure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

465

Methodology for Assessing Biodiversity Prof. S. Ajmal Khan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methodology for Assessing Biodiversity Prof. S. Ajmal Khan Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology Annamalai University he biodiversity has remained as one of the central themes of ecology of plants and animals occurring in their respective countries assess the biodiversity properly

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

466

A Polygon-based Methodology for Mining Related Spatial Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as countries, and in that they can be used for the modeling of spatial events, such as air pollution. MoreoverA Polygon-based Methodology for Mining Related Spatial Datasets Sujing Wang, Chun-Sheng Chen clusters. This paper claims that polygon analysis is particularly useful for mining related, spatial

Eick, Christoph F.

467

Introduction Data Methodology Liquidity Hoarding in the Interbank Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Armantier & Copeland, 2012) · Or transactions from only a part of the market (eMid) · Secured lendingIntroduction Data Methodology Liquidity Hoarding in the Interbank Market: Evidence from Mexican Interbank Overnight Loan and Repo Transactions Marco J. van der Leij1 Seraf´in Mart´inez-Jaramillo2 Jos

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

468

Experimental methodology for computational fluid dynamics code validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Validation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes is an essential element of the code development process. Typically, CFD code validation is accomplished through comparison of computed results to previously published experimental data that were obtained for some other purpose, unrelated to code validation. As a result, it is a near certainty that not all of the information required by the code, particularly the boundary conditions, will be available. The common approach is therefore unsatisfactory, and a different method is required. This paper describes a methodology developed specifically for experimental validation of CFD codes. The methodology requires teamwork and cooperation between code developers and experimentalists throughout the validation process, and takes advantage of certain synergisms between CFD and experiment. The methodology employs a novel uncertainty analysis technique which helps to define the experimental plan for code validation wind tunnel experiments, and to distinguish between and quantify various types of experimental error. The methodology is demonstrated with an example of surface pressure measurements over a model of varying geometrical complexity in laminar, hypersonic, near perfect gas, 3-dimensional flow.

Aeschliman, D.P.; Oberkampf, W.L.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

ORIGINAL PAPER Review of Methodologies for Offshore Wind Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Review of Methodologies for Offshore Wind Resource Assessment in European Seas A. M offshore is generally larger than at geographically nearby onshore sites, which can offset the higher installation, operation and maintenance costs associated with offshore wind parks. Successful offshore wind

Pryor, Sara C.

470

Navigocorpus: A Database for Shipping Information A Methodological and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Maritime History XXIII, 2 (2011) 241-262" #12;Jean-Pierre Dedieu, et al. the database on-line beginningNavigocorpus: A Database for Shipping Information ­ A Methodological and Technical Introduction and stored them in databases which are generally organized according to the nature of the sources used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

471

SOC Testing Methodology and Practice Cheng-Wen Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOC Testing Methodology and Practice Cheng-Wen Wu Department of Electrical Engineering National- troller chip we practice a novel SOC test integration plat- form, solving real problems in test scheduling, test IO reduc- tion, timing of functional test, scan IO sharing, embedded memory built-in self-test

Boyer, Edmond

472

Regional issue identification and assessment: study methodology. First annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall assessment methodologies and models utilized for the first project under the Regional Issue Identification and Assessment (RIIA) program are described. Detailed descriptions are given of the methodologies used by lead laboratories for the quantification of the impacts of an energy scenario on one or more media (e.g., air, water, land, human and ecology), and by all laboratories to assess the regional impacts on all media. The research and assessments reflected in this document were performed by the following national laboratories: Argonne National Laboratory; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory; Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Pacific Northwest Laboratory. This report contains five chapters. Chapter 1 briefly describes the overall study methodology and introduces the technical participants. Chapter 2 is a summary of the energy policy scenario selected for the RIIA I study and Chapter 3 describes how this scenario was translated into a county-level siting pattern of energy development. The fourth chapter is a detailed description of the individual methodologies used to quantify the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the scenario while Chapter 5 describes how these impacts were translated into comprehensive regional assessments for each Federal Region.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Numerical Optimization Methodology for the Design of Power Equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health effects from overhead power line conductors [6,7]. Even though no conclusive evidence has been of utility companies have been involved in a redesign of their overhead transmission lines to avoid potentialNumerical Optimization Methodology for the Design of Power Equipment Gaurav Tewari* My M. Hua

Mamishev, Alexander

474

Does help help? Introducing the Bayesian Evaluation and Assessment methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does help help? Introducing the Bayesian Evaluation and Assessment methodology Joseph E. Beck1--and how--help helps students has not been a well studied problem in the ITS community. In this paper we present three approaches for evaluating the efficacy of the Reading Tutor's help: creating experimental

Mostow, Jack

475

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) supply chain collaboration development methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) project during the last five years of work with the U.S. Integrated Textile Complex (retail, apparel, textile, and fiber sectors) has developed an inter-enterprise supply chain collaboration development methodology. The goal of this methodology is to enable a supply chain to work more efficiently and competitively. The outcomes of this methodology include: (1) A definitive description and evaluation of the role of business cultures and supporting business organizational structures in either inhibiting or fostering change to a more competitive supply chain; (2) ``As-Is'' and proposed ``To-Be'' supply chain business process models focusing on information flows and decision-making; and (3) Software tools that enable and support a transition to a more competitive supply chain, which results form a business driven rather than technologically driven approach to software design. This methodology development will continue in FY00 as DAMA engages companies in the soft goods industry in supply chain research and implementation of supply chain collaboration.

PETERSEN,MARJORIE B.; CHAPMAN,LEON D.

2000-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Architecture Rationalization: A Methodology for Architecture Verifiability, Traceability and Completeness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Architecture Rationalization: A Methodology for Architecture Verifiability, Traceability-mail: {atang, jhan}@it.swin.edu.au Abstract Architecture modeling is practiced extensively in the software of architecture designs. Deficiencies in any of these three areas in an architecture model can be costly and risky

Han, Jun

477

Methodological commons: arts and humanities e-Science fundamentals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Articles 1003 184 193 Theme Issue 'e-Science: past, present and future I' compiled...Methodological commons: arts and humanities e-Science fundamentals Sheila Anderson Tobias Blanke...London WC2B 5RL, UK The application of e-Science technologies to disciplines in the arts...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

CONTRIBUTION TO A METHODOLOGY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FRACTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the results. Hereafter a method is proposed to determine crack growth under subcritical loading conditions materials for electronic components. A methodology to analyse the behaviour of cracks initiated is then used to compare the crack behaviour in a bimaterial structure and to determine the validity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

Problems addressed in this course Teaching methodology, material, exams, contacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The first look at a genome - Sequence analysis Bioinformatics - Lecture 1 Louis Wehenkel Department. The first look at a genome - Sequence analysis Problems addressed in this course Teaching methodology, material, exams, contacts Chapter 1. The first look at a genome - Sequence analysis Introduction

Wehenkel, Louis

480

Origin of the High Energy Cosmic Neutrino Background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffuse background of very high energy extraterrestrial neutrinos recently discovered with IceCube is compatible with that expected from cosmic ray interactions in the Galactic interstellar medium plus that expected from hadronic interactions near the source and in the intergalactic medium of the cosmic rays which have been accelerated by the jets that produce gamma ray bursts.

Shlomo Dado and Arnon Dar

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background survey methodology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Rev. January 30, 2012 1 REFERENCE and BACKGROUND CHECK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rev. January 30, 2012 1 REFERENCE and BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS HUMAN RESOURCES Workforce Planning, as allowed by law, and consistent with the job described. The appropriate Workforce Planning Analyst the documentation. (Please note that the review will take place in Human Resources, under a Workforce Planning

Eirinaki, Magdalini

482

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety I. Background. Due to the nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety I. Background. Due to the nature of gas cylinders hazards of a ruptured cylinder. There are almost 200 different types of materials in gas cylinders, there are several general procedures to follow for safe storage and handling of a compressed gas cylinder: II

Suzuki, Masatsugu

483

3.5 Nanowire Sensors 3.5.1 Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117 3.5 Nanowire Sensors 3.5.1 Background Nanowires are solid, rod-like materials with diameters that similar commercial products will eventually be available. 3.5.2 Description Nanowire sensors have et al. 2003). A comprehensive review of current research activities on chemical sensors based

484

STRING LOOPS IN BACKGROUND FIELDS Scott Alan Yost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

excellent collaborators. They have made my stay at Princeton very productive and enjoyable. I thank E. LiebSTRING LOOPS IN BACKGROUND FIELDS Scott Alan Yost A dissertation presented to the faculty formalism. ii #12;Acknowledgements I would like to thank my advisor, Chiara Nappi, for her support, advice

Yost, Scott

485

1 Background 1.1 Topic of research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Background 1.1 Topic of research Mathematical quantitative tools (like probabil- ity theory analyses on the basis of these meth- ods. 1.2 Academic and industrial con- text Interference in a security section 1.3). Applications of this work can be found in large scale, mission critical, security related

Hunt, Sebastian

486

An array of low-background 3 He proportional counters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a mixture of 3 He and CF4 gas capable of detecting the neutrons liberated by the neutrino-deuteron neutral current reaction in the D2O, and four strings filled with a mixture of 4 He and CF4 gas for background

Waltham, Chris

487

Observation of objects under intense plasma background illumination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments on the observation of a brightness-amplified image of an object through a masking arc discharge are presented. The copper-vapor laser active medium was used as an image brightness amplifier. It is shown that the image quality does not worsen under plasma background illumination.

Buzhinsky, R. O.; Savransky, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Natural Science Center, Prokhorov Institute of General Physics (Russian Federation); Zemskov, K. I.; Isaev, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation); Buzhinsky, O. I. [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since 1977 the University of Oregon Solar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of utilities headed by the Eugene Water and Electric Board initiated the Re- gional Solar Radiation Monitoring2 II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since 1977 the University of Oregon Solar Monitoring Laboratory has operated a solar radiation monitoring network in the Pacific Northwest. The number of stations participat

Oregon, University of

489

MARSAME Appendix B B. SOURCES OF BACKGROUND RADIOACTIVITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consideration is given to issues associated with technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive reports on Exposure of the Population in the United States and Canada from Natural Background Radiation.1 Terrestrial Radioactivity The naturally occurring forms of radioactive elements incorporated into the Earth

490

Seeing is Believing: It's All About the Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seeing is Believing: It's All About the Background Thomas Meade Eileen Foell Chair in Cancer may promise for the experimental and clinical settings. Speaker Bio Thomas Meade, Ph.D., Received BS of Technology in the laboratory of Professor Harry B. Gray. In 1991 he joined the Division of Biology

Zanibbi, Richard

491

Cosmic and Galactic Neutrino Backgrounds from Thermonuclear Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We estimate energy spectra and fluxes at the Earth's surface of the cosmic and Galactic neutrino backgrounds produced by thermonuclear reactions in stars. The extra-galactic component is obtained by combining the most recent estimates of the cosmic star formation history and the stellar initial mass function with accurate theoretical predictions of the neutrino yields all over the thermonuclear lifetime of stars of different masses. Models of the structure and evolution of the Milky Way are used to derive maps of the expected flux generated by Galactic sources as a function of sky direction. The predicted neutrino backgrounds depend only slightly on model parameters. In the relevant 50 keV-10 MeV window, the total flux of cosmic neutrinos ranges between 20 and 65 particles per square cm per s. Neutrinos reaching the Earth today have been typically emitted at redshift z~2. Their energy spectrum peaks at E~0.1-0.3 MeV. The energy and entropy densities of the cosmic background are negligible with respect to the thermal contribution of relic neutrinos originated in the early universe. In every sky direction, the cosmic background is outnumbered by the Galactic one, whose integrated flux amounts to 300-1000 particles per square cm per s. The emission from stars in the Galactic disk contributes more than 95 per cent of the signal.

Cristiano Porciani; Silvia Petroni; Giovanni Fiorentini

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

492

Is natural background or radiation from nuclear power plants leukemogenic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective in this review is to provide some facts about normal hemopoietic cell proliferation relevant to leukemogenesis, physical, chemical, and biological facts about radiation effects with the hope that each person will be able to decide for themselves whether background radiation or emissions from nuclear power plants and facilities significantly add to the spontaneous leukemia incidence. 23 refs., 1 tab.

Cronkite, E.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The prospects for polarized target materials with pure carbon background  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

None of the materials presently in common use for polarized proton targets has a pure carbon nuclear background. The alcohols and diols contain some oxygen, and the ammonia and amine-based materials contain nitrogen and/or other noncarbon species. In the latter cases the noncarbon nuclei are measurably polarized as a concomitant of the process used to polarize the hydrogen nuclei. The relative simplicity of a pure carbon background would be advantageous for most types of scattering experiments and perhaps crucial for some. In addition to simplifying the kinematics of background events, pure carbon is relatively easy to prepare as a ``dummy`` target for background subtraction. Also, in such a target material, {sup 13}C-enrichment would yield a clean polarized {sup 13}C material. In this note I explore the possibilities for such materials, touching upon only what I consider to be the ``high`` points. The subject matter is capable of nearly endless ramification and speculation. In fact, owing to a general lack of relevant experimental data, even this relatively brief note contains much that is speculative to some degree.

Hill, D.A.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

494

The prospects for polarized target materials with pure carbon background  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

None of the materials presently in common use for polarized proton targets has a pure carbon nuclear background. The alcohols and diols contain some oxygen, and the ammonia and amine-based materials contain nitrogen and/or other noncarbon species. In the latter cases the noncarbon nuclei are measurably polarized as a concomitant of the process used to polarize the hydrogen nuclei. The relative simplicity of a pure carbon background would be advantageous for most types of scattering experiments and perhaps crucial for some. In addition to simplifying the kinematics of background events, pure carbon is relatively easy to prepare as a dummy'' target for background subtraction. Also, in such a target material, [sup 13]C-enrichment would yield a clean polarized [sup 13]C material. In this note I explore the possibilities for such materials, touching upon only what I consider to be the high'' points. The subject matter is capable of nearly endless ramification and speculation. In fact, owing to a general lack of relevant experimental data, even this relatively brief note contains much that is speculative to some degree.

Hill, D.A.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

495

Overcoming a critical background to Higgs-boson detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that it may well be possible to overcome the jjW background to Higgs-boson detection in mixed hadronic-leptonic final decay channels, while maintaining substantial event rates, even for Higgs-boson masses as high as 1 TeV.

J. F. Gunion and M. Soldate

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

A method for enhancement of background sounds in forensic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for enhancement of background sounds in forensic audio recordings Robert C. Maher;Outline · Introduction ­ Audio forensic analysis ­ Adaptive interference cancelling ­ Sinusoidal modeling · Test implementation · Example processing · Conclusion #12;Audio Forensics · Audio Forensics

Maher, Robert C.

497

NEPA Litigation Surveys | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEPA Litigation Surveys NEPA Litigation Surveys NEPA Litigation Surveys CEQ publishes surveys on NEPA litigation on an annual basis. These surveys identify the number of cases involving a NEPA based cause of action, Federal agencies that were identified as a lead defendant, general information on plaintiffs, general information on why litigation was pursued, and the outcomes of the cases decided during the year. Each year, Federal agencies conduct hundreds of EISs, tens of thousands of EAs and hundreds of thousands of CEs. The amount of litigation on these NEPA analyses is comparatively small. Since 2001, fewer than 175 NEPA cases were filed each year - with less than 100 filed in 2007, 2009, 2010, and 2011. The annual surveys are provided below: 2011 Litigation Survey 2010 Litigation Survey

498

NEPA Litigation Surveys | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEPA Litigation Surveys NEPA Litigation Surveys NEPA Litigation Surveys CEQ publishes surveys on NEPA litigation on an annual basis. These surveys identify the number of cases involving a NEPA based cause of action, Federal agencies that were identified as a lead defendant, general information on plaintiffs, general information on why litigation was pursued, and the outcomes of the cases decided during the year. Each year, Federal agencies conduct hundreds of EISs, tens of thousands of EAs and hundreds of thousands of CEs. The amount of litigation on these NEPA analyses is comparatively small. Since 2001, fewer than 175 NEPA cases were filed each year - with less than 100 filed in 2007, 2009, 2010, and 2011. The annual surveys are provided below: 2011 Litigation Survey 2010 Litigation Survey

499

2008/2009 NERSC User Survey Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8/2009 User Survey Results 8/2009 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 9 | Next » 2008/2009 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Survey Respondent Demographics Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction and Importance Ratings Hardware Resources Software HPC Consulting Services and Communications Comments Response Survey Many thanks to the 421 users who responded to this year's User Survey. The response rate is comparable to last year's and both are significantly increased from previous years: 77.4 percent of users who had used more than 250,000 XT4-based hours when the survey opened responded 36.6 percent of users who had used between 10,000 and 250,000 XT4-based hours responded The overall response rate for the 3,134 authorized users during the survey period was 13.4%.

500

Southeastern Colorado Survey of Critical Biological Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southeastern Colorado Survey of Critical Biological Resources: Landowner's Guide to Livestock and Biodiversity Prepared By: Paul Holsinger, Project Assistant and Chris West, Executive Director Colorado Colorado Landowner's Guide to Livestock and Biodiversity Introduction Southeastern Colorado Survey