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1

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES Form is used to document travel to sensitive countries. SECURITY...

3

Background estimation using a robust Bayesian analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel method for the estimation of the background in a powder diffraction pattern has been developed using a robust Bayesian analysis. The underlying probability theory is discussed in terms of going beyond the Gaussian approximation normally associated with counting statistics and least-squares analysis, and various examples are presented that illustrate the general applicability of the approach.

David, W.I.F.

2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

4

A cross country analysis of electricity market reforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

econometric model based on Poisson regression with cross-section data covering 51 US states, 13 Canada states and 51 other countries. The results show that both the background of the chairperson of electricity market regulatory agency when reforms started...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

5

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis Skepticism about climate change for other countries. · Skepticism and uncertainty are related but different aspects of climate change perceptions. In the literature, skepticism often relates to whether people believe climate change is happening

Hall, Sharon J.

6

BACKGROUND  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BACKGROUND The safe and environmentally conscious performance of work is a fundamental core value of the Hanford Advisory Board. The Department of Energy (DOE) in seeking to move...

7

Insurance demand and country risks: A nonlinear panel data analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the impact of country risks, including political, financial, and economic risks, on the income elasticity of insurance demand. Using the panel smooth transition regression model, we find that there is a significant regime-switching effect concerning the impact of country risks on the income elasticity of insurance demand. A full-sample analysis shows that the income elasticity of insurance demand decreases when country risks diminish. In a subsample analysis based on income level, legal origin, and restriction on banks' participation in insurance activities, we find that the elasticity diminishes in general when economic risk drops. When political risk is lower, the elasticity decreases in countries with high-income, common law origin, and insurance activities permitted by banks, whereas a clear pattern cannot be identified in the case of financial risk.

Chien-Chiang Lee; Yi-Bin Chiu; Chi-Hung Chang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Countries - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Current & Selected Reports Current & Selected Reports Most Requested Environment Other Energy Petroleum Total Energy Search within Countries Search By: Go Pick a date range: From: To: Go Search All Reports & Publications > WeeklyAvailable formats Today in Energy - Countries Short, timely articles with graphs about recent international energy issues and trends MonthlyAvailable formats Regional Analysis Briefs Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean). Country Analysis Briefs

9

Background  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Star Lighting Verification Program (Program for the Evaluation and Analysis of Residential Lighting) Semi-annual report For the period of October 2003 to April 2004 Authored...

10

BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Medical Coordination Emergency Medical Coordination Memorandum of Agreement at Brookhaven National Laboratory DOE/IG-0594 March 2003 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 March 3 1,2003 FROM: Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on Inspection of "Emergency Medical Coordination Memorandum of Agreement at Brookhaven National Laboratory" BACKGROUND Because of possible exposure to radioactive and hazardous materials and the potential for industrial accidents at Department of Energy (DOE) sites, the Department has established formalized agreements with local emergency medical providers. These arrangements are generally documented through memoranda of agreements (MOAs). These documents detail the m u

11

Background  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

explains the potential health hazards associated with air quality related to the removal and storage of explains the potential health hazards associated with air quality related to the removal and storage of mill tailings and other contaminated materials. Background From 1942 to 1960, uranium ore was processed at the Monticello mill in southeast Utah. When the mill was closed, approximately 2.3 million cubic yards of low-level radioactive mill tailings, contaminated soil, and other miscellaneous debris remained on the site. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office, in conjunction with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the State of Utah, is conducting the cleanup of the millsite and more than 400 area homes and businesses contaminated with mill tailings. The purpose of the cleanup is to minimize risks to the public and the

12

Background  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Format for the one pager: Report Statement/Recommendation Format for the one pager: Report Statement/Recommendation Background Pros/Cons discussion We would like to see good drafts by noon. 3/30/01. 11 circulate them as soon as I get them in. Any questions, give me a call. 456-7874 Charlie ___ ___ _8171 DOE015-1514 Martin, Adrienne ^ From: Anderson, Margot / / Sent: Thursday, March 29, 2001 723 PM To: 'Andrew D. Lundquisltovp.eop.gov%intemet' Subject: RE: 1 spoke with Charlie and we got it fixed. Thanksl -Original Message- From: Andrew D. Lundquist@ovp.eop.gov%intemet Imailto:Andrew D. Lundquistovp.eop.gov] Sent: Thursday March 29, 2001 7:18 PM To: Anderson. Margot Cc: Kelliher, Joseph; Kolevar, Kevin; Charles M. Smthovp.egov%htemet; Juleanna FR GOovsWeovp.eop.gov%intemet 'kmurphyiosec.doc.gov%intemet 'dina.eisOdo.treas.gov%intemer;

13

Background  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patent Rights in the New Patent Rights in the New Independent States (NIS) of the Former Soviet Union for Inventions made by NIS institutes' employeess in the course of or under agreements entered into pursuant to the Fiscal Year 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act (P.L. 103- 87). W(C) 94-001 Background The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the drastic reductions in defense spending by the NIS have created an extremely difficult situation for the scientists and engineers who are responsible for the former Soviet Union's defense technology base. It is estimated that there are several tens of thousands of such scientists and engineers; they possess critical technical knowledge about weapons of mass destruction and are underemployed and undercompensated, and consequently, could contribute to

14

Unsupervised neural models for country and political risk analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This interdisciplinary research project focuses on relevant applications of Knowledge Discovery and Artificial Neural Networks in order to identify and analyze levels of country, business and political risk. Its main goal is to help business decision-makers understand the dynamics within the emerging market countries in which they operate. Most of the neural models applied in this study are defined within the framework of unsupervised learning. They are based on Exploratory Projection Pursuit, Topology Preserving Maps and Curvilinear Component Analysis. Two interesting real data sets are analyzed to empirically probe the robustness of these models. The first case study describes information from a significant sample of Spanish multinational enterprises (MNEs). It analyses data pertaining to such aspects as decisions over the location of subsidiary enterprises in various regions across the world, the importance accorded to such decisions and the driving forces behind them. Through a projection-based analysis, this study reveals a range of different reasons underlying the internationalization strategies of Spanish \\{MNEs\\} and the different goals they pursue. It may be concluded that projection connectionist techniques are of immense assistance in the process of identifying the internationalization strategies of Spanish MNEs, their underlying motives and the goals they pursue. The second case study covers several risk categories that include task policy, security, and political stability among others, and it tracks the scores of different countries all over the world. Interesting conclusions are drawn from the application of several business intelligence solutions based on neural projection models, which support data analysis in the context of country and political risk analysis.

lvaro Herrero; Emilio Corchado; Alfredo Jimnez

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Inter-country R&D efficiency analysis: An application of data envelopment analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the relative efficiency of the R&D process across a group of 22 developed and developing countries using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The R&D technical efficiency is examined using a model...

Seema Sharma; V. J. Thomas

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

REDD Country Activity Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDD Country Activity Database REDD Country Activity Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDD Country Activity Database Agency/Company /Organization: Global Canopy Programme, Forum on Readiness for REDD Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Case studies/examples User Interface: Website Website: www.theredddesk.org/countries Country: Brazil, Cameroon, Vietnam, Guyana, Tanzania, Indonesia Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia REDD Country Activity Database Screenshot References: REDD Country Activity Database[1] Logo: REDD Country Activity Database The REDD Countries Database is a centralised and collaborative database of the diverse and rapidly evolving range of ongoing REDD activities in

17

Isenberg and Potvin 1 Financing REDD in Developing Countries: A Supply and Demand Analysis.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isenberg and Potvin 1 Financing REDD in Developing Countries: A Supply and Demand Analysis.1 2 3 4 at the centre of negotiations on a renewed international2 climate regime. Developing countries made it clear Jordan Isenberg was an intern at the Climate Change office of Panama's National22 Authority

Potvin, Catherine

18

Fast Illumination-invariant Background Subtraction using Two Views: Error Analysis, Sensor Placement and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast Illumination-invariant Background Subtraction using Two Views: Error Analysis, Sensor£ Abstract Background modeling and subtraction to detect new or moving objects in a scene is an important a detailed analysis of such errors. Then, we propose a sensor configuration that eliminates false de

Paragios, Nikos

19

Micro-Raman Spectroscopy of Algae: Composition Analysis and Fluorescence Background Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis; biodiesel Introduction To date, analysis of algae composition is a multi-staged processARTICLE Micro-Raman Spectroscopy of Algae: Composition Analysis and Fluorescence Background performed using Stokes Raman scattering for compositional analysis of algae. Two algal species, Chlorella

20

Maintaining urban greenery in developing countries for tourism and recreation: a benefit-cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conserving biodiversity in urban areas of developing countries has become a big challenge. Urban green spaces play a very important role in this direction. Governments in developing countries are recognising the need of increasing forest and tree cover in urban settings. Like other developing countries, India is also rapidly urbanising. Today every fourth Indian is a city-dweller and it is estimated that more than 40% of India's population will reside in urban areas by 2030. An attempt has been made in this paper to demonstrate the worth of maintaining urban green spaces in Chandigarh city of India by way of benefit-cost (B/C) analysis for the well-being of the city residents and tourists as well. The results would be useful for the city administrators, planners, academics, legal community and general public for deciding about urban land uses in more effective manner.

Pradeep Chaudhry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland, Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=576259"

24

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LBNL Developing Countries Studies LBNL Developing Countries Studies (Redirected from Developing Countries Studies) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate

25

CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CCAP Developing Country Project CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able

26

Climate change technology transfer to developing countries: evidence analysis and policy recommendations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Developing countries are experiencing unprecedented levels of economic growth. As a result, they will be responsible for most of the future growth in energy demand (more)

Pueyo Velasco, Ana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Brand Brasil: A Comparative Analysis of the Brazil Country Image in the United States and Brazil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the past decades, countries have been adopting the trend of creating their own Nation Brand and to manage them as commercial brands, establishing their (more)

Fonseca Leao, Iara M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Studies Countries Studies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. Developed international energy use data and emissions scenarios for

29

Comparative analysis of LMFBR licensing in the United States and other countries - notably France. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an analysis of LMFBR licensing in the United States. It approaches this question broadly, examining first the system in the United States with the various sectors of the nuclear power economy, and the experience of that system in LWR licensing. It then examines the nature of LMFBR safety licensing questions - to the degree that they differ from those of LWR's - and surveys the experience of the United States and other countries in LMFBR safety licensing. Special attention is devoted to the case of France because of the technical leadership which the French program has provided, and because of the apparent efficiency with which French licensing is performed. The French licensing system and LWR licensing experience are examined, and conclusions drawn regarding the reasons for their effectiveness. Finally, a general comparison of the United States and foreign licensing systems is performed, proposals offered during the recent past for changes in the United States system are examined, and possibilities for future changes are suggested.

Golay, M.W.; Castillo, M.

1981-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Country and Political Risk Analysis of Spanish Multinational Enterprises Using Exploratory Projection Pursuit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of a multidisciplinary research project on relevant applications of Exploratory Projection Pursuit, this study sets out to examine levels of country and political risk that are assumed by a sample of...

Alfredo Jimnez; lvaro Herrero

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Sustainable energy in Australia: an analysis of performance and drivers relative to other OECD countries .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??How sustainable is Australia???s pattern of energy supply and use? What are the major factors explaining Australia???s sustainable energy performance relative to other countries? This (more)

Kinrade, P. A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Comparative analysis of energy security in the Nordic countries: The role of renewable energy resources in diversification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Security of energy supply has been one of the important debates among citizens and governments of the Nordic countries after the first energy crisis. In response diversification was defined as the heart strategy to reach a certain level of energy supply. This article discusses about the level of energy security in the Nordic countries with comparison to other developed countries and their neighbors. Then the support schemes and policies to achieve the energy security and diversification are reviewed based on the system thinking approach with especial focus on the renewable energy resources. This approach provides a unique and powerful tool to explain the complexity and the relationships among the elements of the support schemes in the energy security analysis.

Alireza Aslani; Erkki Antila; Kau-Fui V. Wong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Electricity consumption and human development level: A comparative analysis based on panel data for 50 countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As a representative of modern energy, the level of electricity consumption can be regarded as an appraisal criterion of a countrys development level. This study analyses the causality between electricity consumption and human development and assesses the changing trend of electricity consumption. The models in this study are established using panel data from 19902009 for 50 countries divided into four groups according to income. For human development indicators, per-capita GDP, consumption expenditure, urbanisation rate, life expectancy at birth and the adult literacy rate were selected. The results show that long-run bidirectional causality exists between electricity consumption and five indicators. Additionally, the higher the income of a country, the greater is its electricity consumption and the higher is its level of human development. Further, the variables of four income-groupings vary considerably. Specifically, as income increases, the contribution of electricity consumption to GDP and consumption expenditure increases, but the urbanisation rate, life expectancy at birth and adult literacy rate present a weakening trend. This mainly because that the latter indicators in high-income countries are increasing to converge. To improve human development, electricity should be incorporated into the basic public services construction to enhance the availability of electricity for low-income residents.

Shuwen Niu; Yanqin Jia; Wendie Wang; Renfei He; Lili Hu; Yan Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

India-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-CCAP Developing Country Project India-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country India Southern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] India-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

36

China-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-CCAP Developing Country Project China-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country China Eastern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] China-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

37

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil South America References Developing Country Project[1] Brazil-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

38

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether and both renewable and non-renewable energy consumption in the short- and long run. This finding confirms

39

Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 households in ten EU countries and Norway. Knowledge of energy consumption and energy-efficient technology1 Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes of measures of household energy use behavior are estimated using a unique dataset of approximately 5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

40

Electricity consumption and economic growth in transition countries: A revisit using bootstrap panel Granger causality analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to revisit the Granger causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth for 15 transition economies for the period 19752010 using a bootstrap panel causality approach that allows for both cross-sectional dependency and for heterogeneity across countries. Applying this approach, we found a unidirectional causality running from electricity consumption to economic growth only in Belarus and Bulgaria; from economic growth to electricity consumption in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and the Russian Federation; bidirectional causality only in Ukraine while no Granger causality in any direction in Albania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. These results show that there is a limited support for the electricity-led growth hypothesis. Nevertheless these different findings provide important implications for energy strategies and policies for transition countries.

Yemane Wolde-Rufael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

US EIA Country Energy Profiles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US EIA Country Energy Profiles US EIA Country Energy Profiles Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: US EIA Country Energy Profiles Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Partner: United States Energy Information Agency Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Website: tonto.eia.doe.gov/country/index.cfm Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/country-energy-profiles-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. References: US EIA Country Energy Profiles[1] This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World

42

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING://www.economie.polytechnique.edu/ mailto:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00822070,version1-14May2013 #12;1 Oil price impact Khaled Guesmi3 Abstract The aim of this paper is to study the degree of interdependence between oil price

Boyer, Edmond

43

International support for feed-in tariffs in developing countriesA review and analysis of proposed mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Government support in the form of so-called feed-in tariff policies (FITs), which combine long-term, fixed-price electricity purchase agreements and guaranteed grid-access, has attracted large private-sector investments in sustainable electricity generation in the industrialized world. In an effort to replicate these experiences globally, a number of international organizations, NGOs, banks and donor countries are proposing mechanisms to cover part of the cost of \\{FITs\\} in developing countries. This paper reviews these proposals for supported \\{FITs\\} and then uses a case study of Thailands Alternative Energy Development Plan 20132021 to investigate the opportunities and challenges of supporting \\{FITs\\} at a global scale. The review highlights that these proposed mechanisms foresee different roles for national governments and supporting entities, particularly in terms of who is responsible to balance fixed FIT payments with uncertain revenues and savings from carbon markets, donors and avoided fuel consumption. The case study results then show that the uncertainty about the actual cost of supported \\{FITs\\} is so significant that the responsibility to balance the FIT budget has to be considered carefully in the design of any mechanism that is to be employed at scale. To a considerable extent, the uncertainty is driven by the counterfactual analysis, i.e., by assumptions about the future savings from avoided fossil fuel consumption: for example, depending on the fossil fuel price scenario the FIT may result in a cost of USD 17bn or savings of 23bn. Unlike uncertainty about the necessary level of FIT payments, uncertainty about the avoided fossil fuel cost materializes only over the course of the policys lifetime, making it politically challenging. This suggests that an international support mechanism that differentiates the allocation of responsibility depending on the income-level of the recipient country is more suitable for global-scale support than a one-size-fits-all approach.

Joern Huenteler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

The adoption of sustainable remediation behaviour in the US and UK: A cross country comparison and determinant analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The sustainable remediation concept, aimed at maximizing the net environmental, social, and economic benefits in contaminated site remediation, is being increasingly recognized by industry, governments, and academia. However, there is limited understanding of actual sustainable behaviour being adopted and the determinants of such sustainable behaviour. The present study identified 27 sustainable practices in remediation. An online questionnaire survey was used to rank and compare them in the US (n=112) and the UK (n=54). The study also rated ten promoting factors, nine barriers, and 17 types of stakeholders' influences. Subsequently, factor analysis and general linear models were used to determine the effects of internal characteristics (i.e. country, organizational characteristics, professional role, personal experience and belief) and external forces (i.e. promoting factors, barriers, and stakeholder influences). It was found that US and UK practitioners adopted many sustainable practices to similar extents. Both US and UK practitioners perceived the most effectively adopted sustainable practices to be reducing the risk to site workers, protecting groundwater and surface water, and reducing the risk to the local community. Comparing the two countries, we found that the US adopted innovative in-situ remediation more effectively; while the UK adopted reuse, recycling, and minimizing material usage more effectively. As for the overall determinants of sustainable remediation, the country of origin was found not to be a significant determinant. Instead, organizational policy was found to be the most important internal characteristic. It had a significant positive effect on reducing distant environmental impact, sustainable resource usage, and reducing remediation cost and time (p<0.01). Customer competitive pressure was found to be the most extensively significant external force. In comparison, perceived stakeholder influence, especially that of primary stakeholders (site owner, regulator, and primary consultant), did not appear to have as extensive a correlation with the adoption of sustainability as one would expect.

Deyi Hou; Abir Al-Tabbaa; Peter Guthrie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

46

An analysis of feedin tariffs for solar PV in six representative countries of the European Union  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, after a brief review on the main support policies for Photovoltaic (PV) systems in Europe, the specific situations of six representative countries (France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and the U.K.) are examined, with the purpose of highlighting the main differences in the implementation of the feedin tariff (FiT) support policies adopted for PV systems. In particular, a comparison based on the calculation of economic indexes, as the Discounted Cash Flows (DCF), the Pay-Back-Period (PBP), the Net Present Value (NPV) and the Internal Rate of Return (IRR), for different sized PV systems shows that a specific FiT can sometimes be inconvenient for the producer and that the different ways of implementing FiT support policies in the various countries can lead to significantly different results. The analysis carried out in this paper could help to assess the impact of PV energy policies in the main European markets, to make a prediction of how PV market could evolve in the selected EU member states, to gain an insight into the future of possible energy policies.

A. Campoccia; L. Dusonchet; E. Telaretti; G. Zizzo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The photovoltaic market analysis program : background, model development, applications and extensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to describe and motivate the market analysis program for photovoltaics that has developed over the last several years. The main objective of the program is to develop tools and procedures to ...

Lilien, Gary L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Agency/Company /Organization: Imperial College-London Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Biomass, - Waste to Energy, - Anaerobic Digestion, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar PV, Wind Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.uk/energyfutureslab/Public/2010-03-17-Bangladesh Country: Bangladesh Southern Asia Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Screenshot

49

Ten channel background alpha radiometer for nondestructive analysis of low activity samples  

SciTech Connect

The description of a ten-channel alpha-radiometer based on large-area semiconductor detectors is presented in this paper. The radiometer is intended for determination of soil pollution by alpha-active radionuclides using thick samples. The analysis of isotopes is also provided. The concentrations of Pu and Am isotopes in soil samples are determined.

Pugatch, V.M.; Pavlenko, Y.N.; Vasiliev, Y.O.; Nenakhov, A.N.; Tkatch, N.M.; Barabash, L.I.; Berdnichenko, S.V.; Litovchenko, P.G.; Rosenfeld, A.B.; Zinets, O.S. (Inst. for Nuclear Research, Kiev (USSR))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Applied Ecosystem Analysis - Background : EDT the Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment Method.  

SciTech Connect

This volume consists of eight separate reports. We present them as background to the Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) methodology. They are a selection from publications, white papers, and presentations prepared over the past two years. Some of the papers are previously published, others are currently being prepared for publication. In the early to mid 1980`s the concern for failure of both natural and hatchery production of Columbia river salmon populations was widespread. The concept of supplementation was proposed as an alternative solution that would integrate artificial propagation with natural production. In response to the growing expectations placed upon the supplementation tool, a project called Regional Assessment of Supplementation Project (RASP) was initiated in 1990. The charge of RASP was to define supplementation and to develop guidelines for when, where and how it would be the appropriate solution to salmon enhancement in the Columbia basin. The RASP developed a definition of supplementation and a set of guidelines for planning salmon enhancement efforts which required consideration of all factors affecting salmon populations, including environmental, genetic, and ecological variables. The results of RASP led to a conclusion that salmon issues needed to be addressed in a manner that was consistent with an ecosystem approach. If the limitations and potentials of supplementation or any other management tool were to be fully understood it would have to be within the context of a broadly integrated approach - thus the Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) method was born.

Mobrand, Lars E.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

UNEP-Risoe-Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Resource assessment Website http://www.uneprisoe.org/Econo References Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations[1] Country study series: Argentina, Ecuador, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Mauritius, Senegal, Vietnam Parallel country studies: Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia Regional Studies: Andean Region, Southern African Development Community (SADC) References ↑ "Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=UNEP-Risoe-Economics_of_GHG_Limitations:_Country_Study_Series&oldid=377226"

52

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

53

Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Mexico Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Mexico-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

54

The evolution of carbon dioxide emissions from energy use in industrialized countries: an end-use analysis  

SciTech Connect

There has been much attention drawn to plans for reductions or restraint in future C02 emissions, yet little analysis of the recent history of those emissions by end use or economic activity. Understanding the components of C02 emissions, particularly those related to combustion of fossil fuels, is important for judging the likely success of plans for dealing with future emissions. Knowing how fuel switching, changes in economic activity and its structure, or changes in energy-use efficiency affected emissions in the past, we can better judge both the realism of national proposals to restrain future emissions and the outcome as well. This study presents a first step in that analysis. The organization of this paper is as follows. We present a brief background and summarize previous work analyzing changes in energy use using the factorial method. We then describe our data sources and method. We then present a series of summary results, including a comparison of C02 emissions in 1991 by end use or sector. We show both aggregate change and change broken down by factor, highlighting briefly the main components of change. We then present detailed results, sector by sector. Next we highlight recent trends. Finally, we integrate our results, discussing -the most important factors driving change - evolution in economic structure, changes in energy intensities, and shifts in the fuel mix. We discuss briefly some of the likely causes of these changes - long- term technological changes, effects of rising incomes, the impact of overall changes in energy prices, as well as changes in the relative prices of energy forms.

Schipper, L.; Ting, M.; Khrushch, M.; Unander, F.; Monahan, P.; Golove, W.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Legal Background  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Legal Background Legal Background Book 1 . . Project Rulison :.Contract: . . AEC, Austral Oil Company, and CER Geonuclear Corporation, . . . . , . . . . , . . February 1969 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. PROJECT RULISON CONTRACT NO. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPRESENTED BY THE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION and THE DEPARTMENT. OF THE INTERIOR and AUSTRAL OIL COMPANY INCORPORATED and CER GEONUCLEAR CORPORATION Prepared by OFFICE OF THE CHIEF COUNSEL NEVADA OPERATIONS OFFICE FEBRUARY 1969 This page intentionally left blank UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION . NEVADA OPERATIONS OFFICE TABLE OF CONTENTS VII VIII XV XVI XVII SUBJECT - PAGE Definitions 2 Description of Project ~ulisdn 3

56

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Republic_of_Macedonia-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700212

57

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Poland-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700210"

58

Chapter 8 - An Econometric Analysis of the Impact of Oil Prices on Stock Markets in Gulf Cooperation Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper implements recent bootstrap panel cointegration techniques and Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) methods to investigate the existence of a long-run relationship between oil prices and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries stock markets. Since GCC countries are major world energy market players, their stock markets are likely to be susceptible to oil price shocks. Using two different (weekly and monthly) datasets covering, respectively, the periods from June 7, 2005 to October 21, 2008, and from January 1996 to December 2007, our investigation shows that there is evidence for cointegration of oil prices and stock markets in GCC countries, while the SUR results indicate that oil price increases have a positive impact on stock prices, except in Saudi Arabia.

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri; Christophe Rault

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Agency/Company /Organization Resources for the Future Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documen Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica[1] Abstract "Although fuel taxes are a practical means of curbing vehicular air pollution, congestion, and accidents in developing countries-all of which are typically major problems-they are often opposed on distributional

60

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Maldives UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

62

Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia, Honduras, Kenya, Maldives, Mali, Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

63

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

64

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Honduras UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

65

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Mali UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

66

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Kenya UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

67

UNEP-Risoe-Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study (Redirected from UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series) Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Resource assessment Website http://www.uneprisoe.org/Econo References Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations[1] Country study series: Argentina, Ecuador, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Mauritius, Senegal, Vietnam Parallel country studies: Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia Regional Studies: Andean Region, Southern African Development Community (SADC) References ↑ "Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=UNEP-Risoe-Economics_of_GHG_Limitations:_Country_Study_Series&oldid=377226"

68

Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/b Country Egypt Northern Africa References Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt[1] Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt Screenshot Summary "What elements of the domestic policy regime might be improved to help stimulate flows of private investment in clean energy infrastructure and

69

An Analysis of the Effects of Background Variables on Attitudes and Policy at the Bonneville Power Administration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The question is asked whether or not background, education, and training of middle and upper level bureaucratic personnel affects policy outcomes. The Bonneville Power (more)

Millam, Philip George

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS United States Agency for International Development USAID United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Department of Energy United States Department of Agriculture United States Department of State Albania Southern Asia Low emission development planning LEDS Energy Land Climate Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF African Development Bank Asian Development Bank European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD Inter American Development Bank IDB World Bank Algeria South Eastern Asia Background analysis Finance Implementation

71

CMVRTC: Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

newsletters newsletters contacts tools latest news 12.05.2013 Next Quarterly meeting scheduled for February 19, 2014 (10 a.m. - 12 p.m. ET). read more ... More information CMVRTC Showcase Events CMVRTC Poster Sessions Related Projects Heavy Truck Duty Cycle Medium Truck Duty Cycle Fuel Tax Evasion Other technical director For more information, please contact Gary Capps, Technical Director, at cappsgj@ornl.gov or (865) 946-1285. Background Introduction Vision cmvrtc poster Benefits Technology Transfer Introduction The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) launched the Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC) on August 7, 2007, in partnership with the Tennessee Departments of Safety and Transportation, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the

72

Inflation, employment, and the Dutch Disease in oil-exporting countries: a short-run disequilibrium analysis  

SciTech Connect

The author uses nontraded goods and labor shortages in the Gulf countries, the decline of the traded goods sector in oil producers (''Dutch Disease''), and the absence of employment benefits of higher oil revenues in Latin American oil producers. Higher oil revenues can be likened to a transfer putting pressure on non-oil traded (NT) goods prices and drawing resources out of the T sector. The slope of the wage indexation line determines whether classical unemployment or repressed inflation results. Various policy measures are analyzed. 3 references, 8 figures.

van Wijnbergen, S.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www-wds.worldbank.org/e Country Mexico UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture[1] Summary "Mexico is the only developing country to have submitted three national communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), indicating strong commitment by the government for addressing climate change across sectors. Agriculture contributes little, in relative

74

Comparing large scale CCS deployment potential in the USA and China: a detailed analysis based on country-specific CO2 transport & storage cost curves  

SciTech Connect

The United States and China are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world and their projected continued growth and reliance on fossil fuels, especially coal, make them strong candidates for CCS. Previous work has revealed that both nations have over 1600 large electric utility and other industrial point CO2 sources as well as very large CO2 storage resources on the order of 2,000 billion metric tons (Gt) of onshore storage capacity. In each case, the vast majority of this capacity is found in deep saline formations. In both the USA and China, candidate storage reservoirs are likely to be accessible by most sources with over 80% of these large industrial CO2 sources having a CO2 storage option within just 80 km. This suggests a strong potential for CCS deployment as a meaningful option to efforts to reduce CO2 emissions from these large, vibrant economies. However, while the USA and China possess many similarities with regards to the potential value that CCS might provide, including the range of costs at which CCS may be available to most large CO2 sources in each nation, there are a number of more subtle differences that may help us to understand the ways in which CCS deployment may differ between these two countries in order for the USA and China to work together - and in step with the rest of the world - to most efficiently reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper details the first ever analysis of CCS deployment costs in these two countries based on methodologically comparable CO2 source and sink inventories, economic analysis, geospatial source-sink matching and cost curve modeling. This type of analysis provides a valuable insight into the degree to which early and sustained opportunities for climate change mitigation via commercial-scale CCS are available to the two countries, and could facilitate greater collaboration in areas where those opportunities overlap.

Dahowski, Robert T.; Davidson, Casie L.; Dooley, James J.

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

75

Background Story  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Checking for Candidate Events Checking for Candidate Events The Tevatron produces millions of collisions each second at CDF and DZero. The detectors detect most but not all of these collisions. When a collision is detected, computers must decide if the event is an interesting one for the current study. (While this decision is being made, the detector cannot process another event. Also, the detector needs a little time to recover from one event before detecting another. That is why the detector cannot detect all the collisions. Physicists try to minimize this down time.) To decide if an event is interesting, computers perform a quick preliminary data analysis looking for certain characteristics. This is done in a series of tests. Only if the event passes these tests does it "trigger" the

76

Multicriteria Analysis of Economic Activity for Two Groups of European Countries by Decision Support System MKA-1*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Five macro-economic criteria have been considered in the analysis: GDP per capita; Exports (% of GDP); Imports (% of GDP); Inflation rate (consumer prices); Unemployment rate. Keywords: multicriteria analysis of multicriteria sorting. Many real life problems in management practice may be formulated as problems of choice

Borissova, Daniela

77

Predicting Consumption Expenditure for the Analysis of Health Care Financing Equity in Low Income Countries: a Comparison of Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis of equity in the distribution of health care payments requires nationally representative income and expenditure surveys, containing information on health care payments and ability to pay. Suchnat...

Gemini Mtei; Josephine Borghi; Kara Hanson

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Combined Use of Systematic Conservation Planning, Species Distribution Modelling, and Connectivity Analysis Reveals Severe Conservation gaps in a Megadiverse Country (Preu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation planning is crucial for megadiverse countries where biodiversity is coupled with incomplete reserve systems and limited resources to invest in conservation. Using Peru as an example of a megadiverse country, we asked whether...

Fajardo, Javier; Lessmann, Janeth; Bonaccorso, Elisa; Devenish, Christian; Munoz, Jesus

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

79

Country Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are a multitude of organizations providing country risk services using their proprietary benchmarking. The central ... in a quantifiable manner, individual country sovereign risk and the implication of such...

Mohamed A. Ramady

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

ARM - Campaign Backgrounders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual Reports Program Fact Sheets Campaign Backgrounders Education and Outreach Posters Brochures Research Highlights Summaries Campaign Backgrounders Please contact...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy demand simulation for East European countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis and created statistical models of energy consumption tendencies in the European Union (EU25), including new countries in transition, are presented. The EU15 market economy countries and countries in transition are classified into six clusters by relative indicators of Gross Domestic Product (GDP/P) and energy demand (W/P) per capita. The specified statistical models of energy intensity W/GDP non-linear stochastic tendencies have been discovered with respect to the clusters of classified countries. The new energy demand simulation models have been developed for the demand management in time??territory hierarchy in various scenarios of short-term and long-term perspective on the basis of comparative analysis methodology. The non-linear statistical models were modified to GDP, W/P and electricity (E/P) final consumption long-term forecasts for new associated East European countries and, as an example, for the Baltic Countries, including Lithuania.

Jonas Algirdas Kugelevicius; Algirdas Kuprys; Jonas Kugelevicius

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

ESMAP-Brazil-Low-carbon Country Case Study | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-carbon Country Case Study Low-carbon Country Case Study Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country Brazil South America References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "Benefiting from a cooperative process with Brazilian authorities, the study covers four key areas with large potential for low-carbon options in

83

An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agencys Geographic Names Data Base  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that over half of the countries have more than 13.5 as the maximum count of their unique names having multiple occurrences. Page 9 Country Antigua And Barbuda Macau Andorra Maldives Bahrain No Man?s Land Botswana Nauru Cayman Islands Suriname..., this is bordered by a region of extremely low values in northeastern South America in Suriname and Guyana. Other high value areas include a belt across Europe and Asia, countries of the Middle East, and a small belt across south central Africa. Not surprisingly...

Caldwell, Douglas R.

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

84

Country Political Risk Contents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For investors, domestic and international, the assessment of political risk is very important to decide whether to ... not in a particular market or country. Political risk can simply be defined as the risk of lo...

Mohamed A. Ramady

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization Risoe DTU Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type Workshop, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/~/medi References International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries[1] Background "The workshop covers the following main themes: Wind energy technologies, their perspectives and applications in developing countries. Reliability of wind turbines, lifetime and strength of wind turbine components. Low cost and natural materials for wind turbines.

86

Internships at VSTEP BV Background VSTEP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the effect of the current on the ship's manoeuvring characteristics needs to be implemented. 5. A damage (www.quest3d.com) and C++. Background Ship Simulator 2006 One of VSTEP's more recent products is a PC game called Ship Simulator 2006 (www.shipsim.com), in store in many countries since June 2006

Vuik, Kees

87

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

88

countries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

97 97 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281497 Varnish cache server countries Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 142, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses million short tons. The data is broken down into steam coal exports to Europe, Asia and America. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Coal flows countries EIA exporting importing Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: World Steam Coal Flows By Importing Regions and Exporting Countries- Reference Case (xls, 103.7 KiB)

89

Thailand: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of the Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked upon country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each country within the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic situation and, when possible, of the political situation in the country under study. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, as much as possible, we have provided the latest available statistics---more often than not, from unpublished sources. Staff members have traveled extensively in the countries under review and have spoken to top policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but the latest thinking on energy issues in various countries. It is our hope that over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. 48 refs., 23 figs., 56 tabs.

Fridley, D.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE /RENEWAL WEB SITE ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 www /RENEWAL WEB SITE FINLAND JAMK University of Applied Sciences 29.10.2009 www.jamk.fi/ FRANCE ?cole INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE /RENEWAL WEB SITE MACEDONIA St. Cyril and Methodius" University of Skopje 11

Di Pillo, Gianni

91

Development of Generic Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kentucky Guidance for Ambient Background Assessment Kentucky Guidance for Ambient Background Assessment January 8, 2004 Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet Introduction This guidance document is intended to assist in comparing site data and background data for sites undergoing environmental assessment. These procedures provide a simplified statistical procedure for determining if the site data is part of the background population. It also provides generic statewide background values for inorganic chemicals that may be used in lieu of collecting site-specific background samples. The statistical procedures may be used for site- specific data or the generic statewide values in Tables 1 and 2. This guidance does not preclude other appropriate statistical comparisons from being made, but rather a simplified screening

92

The link between energy and GDP in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historical studies of the energy-demand patterns of the industrial countries show increasing energy intensity followed by decreasing intensity. To explore the energy intensity patterns of developing countries, a data base was assembled for 38 developing countries. The data base contains estimates of per capita energy demand and GDP for 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1980. If the GDP is measured using the purchasing power parity method, analysis of the data base demonstrates an increase in energy intensity as countries develop.

David B. Reister

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

ARM - Radar Backgrounder  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance Radar Backgrounder ARM Scanning...

94

Gold Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gold Country Energy Gold Country Energy Place Alaska Utility Id 56739 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.6670/kWh Commercial: $0.6430/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Gold_Country_Energy&oldid=412919"

95

Health biotechnology publishing takes-off in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To gain insights into the potentials and characteristics of health biotechnology in developing countries, we carried out an analysis of health biotechnology publications in developing nations that have had some successes in this field. We analysed the patterns of health biotechnology publications of authors from seven developing countries from 1991 to 2002. Our results showed a significant growth in health biotechnology publications in developing countries. Their growth in the field was larger than the growth in industrialised countries, but the visibility of their research was limited. Universities were found to be the strongest producers of health biotechnology papers in the countries we studied. This study showed further that international research collaboration of these countries was extensive and domestic knowledge flows between their institutions seems to be increasing. Contrary to other work on health research in developing countries, this study suggested that developing countries' research was focused on local health needs.

Halla Thorsteinsdottir; Abdallah S. Daar; Peter A. Singer; Eric Archambault; Subbiah Arunachalam

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iisd.org/climate/land_use/redd/ Country: Kenya, Vietnam Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References: IISD Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries[1] Background "To provide developing countries with this support, IISD has partnered with the Alternatives to Slash and Burn Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforesty Centre (ASB-ICRAF), to deliver a series of

97

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

98

The direct and moderating influences of individual-level cultural values within web engagement: A multi-country analysis of a public information website  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Research to date has not systematically examined the role and relative impact of individual-level cultural orientations. The literature offers no dominant approach as to the nature (direct, moderating or both) of individual-level cultural orientations. Thus, examination and comparison of the nature of the effects of individual-level cultural orientations are both timely and warranted. To address this research gap, a conceptual model exploring the relationship of individualism and uncertainty avoidance manifested as individual-level cultural orientations is developed. Specifically, the direct and moderating effects of the individual-level cultural orientations are assessed within a web engagement model linking perceived value of a website to two antecedents (trust and attitude toward the website). A web-based survey capturing views from 1845 consumers across seven European Union countries tested the models. The results show that individualistic orientation affects trust, but no clear moderating relationships are evident, thus questioning the moderating role of individual-level cultural orientations.

Edward Shiu; Gianfranco Walsh; Louise M. Hassan; Sara Parry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

EBSD Images Theoretical Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivation EBSD Images Theoretical Background Defects in the Weld Grain Growth Low Speed Welding High Speed Welding Conclusion Heat-Affected Zone Observations Welding Experiments The low density in the transportation industries. Reproducibility and the low cost make welding a major large scale assembly process

Candea, George

100

Local microwave background radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.

Domingos Soares

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

David Smith Academic background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

David Smith Academic background Ph.D. in Mathematics (Algebra), Université de Sherbrooke, Canada project program (I. Assem, F. Bergeron, C. Reutenauer, D. Smith) $132,000 ($44,000 per year for 3 years. Schiffler and D. Smith, Friezes, strings and cluster variables, to appear in Glasgow Mathematcal Journal. 2

102

Monitored Retrievable Storage Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Monitored Retrievable Storage Background Monitored Retrievable Storage Background Monitored Retrievable Storage Background `The U.S. Government is seeking a site for a monitored retrievable storage facility (MRS). Employing proven technologies used in this country and abroad, the MRS will be an Integral part of the Federal system for safe and permanent disposal of the nation's high-level radioactive wastes. The MRS will accept shipments of spent fuel from commercial nuclear power plants, temporarily store the spent fuel above ground, and stage shipments of it to a geologic repository for permanent disposal. The law authorizing the MRS provides an opportunity for a State or an Indian Tribe to volunteer to host the MRS. The law establishes the Office of the Nuclear Waste Negotiator, who Is 10 seek a State or an Indian Tribe

103

Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KENYA COUNTRY REPORT KENYA COUNTRY REPORT SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY RESOURCE ASSESSMENT Nairobi, 23 May 2008 i ii Disclaimer This report is a compilation of information relating to the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Project (SWERA) including data capturing and analysis, computation and mapping using GIS and other technologies to produce a national solar and wind atlases for Kenya. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Environment Programme, Government of Kenya, Practical Action or any other party or organizations and countries involved in the SWERA project. Any omissions or alteration of the intended meaning and discrepancies are highly regretted. Daniel Theuri Lead Implementer SWERA National Team Nairobi, 23 May 2008 iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

104

Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Buildings, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/pdf/GreenEconomy_SuccessStories.pdf Country: China, Tunisia, Kenya, Uganda, Brazil, India, Nepal, Ecuador UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

105

OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves Agency/Company /Organization: Conservation International Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.conservation.org/osiris/Pages/overview.aspx Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia

106

Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shape File, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all Countries Agency...

107

Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries...

108

Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country Code Per Minute Rate Afghanistan * 93 $0.6800 Albania * 355 $0 (Mobile Termination) * 267 $0.3800 Brazil * 55 $0.3000 Brazil (Mobile Termination) * 55 $0.3000 #12.1683 Colombia (Mobile Termination - 3) * 57 $0.3000 Comoros * 269 $0.5400 Comoros (Mobile Termination - 3, 9

109

Development of long-term data acquisition system of noise exposure and personal behavior for analysis of health risk: Research background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since people living in urban areas are continuously exposed to loud environmental noises for a long duration the noise has to be treated not only as nuisance in our daily lives and adverse psychological effect but also as possible risk on health. WHO has presented an environmental noise guideline and has suggested dangers or risks on health by long-term high noise exposure and has recently published nighttime noise guideline to prevent adverse health effect to sleep disturbance. Some research projects in EU have revealed that detailed measurement in time of individual noise exposure is needed to improve the current assessment method instead of those based on energy-averaged value over the exposed duration to noise. It suggests necessity of short time-interval measurement of individual noise exposure as well as information when and where people are exposed to the noise. It is also necessary to measure environmental condition in nightitme since the condition very likely disturbs our sleep and therefore gives some effects to our health. From these circumstances and relating issues in Japanese we have established a new research project which aims to investigate the effect of individual noise exposure on health. This report presents the research background and objectives.

Hiroyuki Imaizumi; Kazutoshi Fujimoto; Ken Anai; Yasuhiro Hiraguri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME CLASSES AND GEOGRAPHY AFTER 9 and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events University of Southern California Los Angeles, California 3710 Mc;DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME CLASSES AND GEOGRAPHY AFTER 9/11 by Walter

Wang, Hai

111

The Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) is an instrument designed to make images of the cosmic microwave background radiation and to measure its statistical properties on angular scales from about 3 arc minutes to one degree (spherical harmonic scales from l ~ 4250 down to l ~ 400). The CBI is a 13-element interferometer mounted on a 6 meter platform operating in ten 1-GHz frequency bands from 26 GHz to 36 GHz. The instantaneous field of view of the instrument is 45 arcmin (FWHM) and its resolution ranges from 3 to 10 arcmin; larger fields can be imaged by mosaicing. At this frequency and resolution, the primary foreground is due to discrete extragalactic sources, which are monitored at the Owens Valley Radio Observatory and subtracted from the CBI visibility measurements. The instrument has been making observations since late 1999 of both primordial CMB fluctuations and the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect in clusters of galaxies from its site at an altitude of 5080 meters near San Pedro de Atacama, in northern Chile. Observations will continue until August 2001 or later. We present preliminary results from the first few months of observations.

T. J. Pearson; B. S. Mason; S. Padin; A. C. S. Readhead; M. C. Shepherd; J. Sievers; P. S. Udomprasert; J. K. Cartwright

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

112

The Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and performance details are given for the Cosmic Background Imager (CBI), an interferometer array that is measuring the power spectrum of fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) for multipoles in the range 400 < l < 3500. The CBI is located at an altitude of 5000 m in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. It is a planar synthesis array with 13 0.9-m diameter antennas on a 6-m diameter tracking platform. Each antenna has a cooled, low-noise receiver operating in the 26-36 GHz band. Signals are cross-correlated in an analog filterbank correlator with ten 1 GHz bands. This allows spectral index measurements which can be used to distinguish CMBR signals from diffuse galactic foregrounds. A 1.2 kHz 180-deg phase switching scheme is used to reject cross-talk and low-frequency pick-up in the signal processing system. The CBI has a 3-axis mount which allows the tracking platform to be rotated about the optical axis, providing improved (u,v) coverage and a powerful discriminant against false signals generated in the receiving electronics. Rotating the tracking platform also permits polarization measurements when some of the antennas are configured for the orthogonal polarization.

S. Padin; M. C. Shepherd; J. K. Cartwright; R. G. Keeney; B. S. Mason; T. J. Pearson; A. C. S. Readhead; W. L. Schaal; J. Sievers; P. S. Udomprasert; J. K. Yamasaki; W. L. Holzapfel; J. E. Carlstrom; M. Joy; S. T. Myers; A. Otarola

2001-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

113

Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

April 25, 2013 April 25, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The eighth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 April 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents March - April 2013 Update ........................................................................................................................... 2 Tables ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

114

Paducah Background Factsheet | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Background Factsheet Paducah Background Factsheet Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions, May 15, 2012 Paducah Background...

115

Photovoltaics Manufacturing in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The need for energy sources in the developing countries might be partially satisfied by using photovoltaic power systems in addition to conventional means. A review of photovoltaic manufacturing in developing ...

G. Darkazalli; S. Hogan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted to the website of the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

117

Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base and User Behavior How to Design and Market Energy Efficiency Programs to Specific Neighborhoods...

118

Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Place Texas Utility Id 18589 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC ERCOT Yes NERC SPP Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Rayburn_Country_Elec_Coop,_Inc&oldid=411429

119

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

120

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Lake Country Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Country Power Place Minnesota Utility Id 10697 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cycled/Interruptible Air Conditioning Cycled Air (metered) Residential Cycled/Interruptible Air Conditioning Cycled Air (unmetered) Residential Heat Pumps Air-Source if Cycled Residential Heat Pumps Duel Fuel Residential Heat Pumps Ground Source Residential Residential Service Residential Space Heating Duel Fuel Residential

122

Gasoline demand in developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents econometric estimates of motor gasoline demand in eleven developing countries of Asia. The price and GDP per capita elasticities are estimated for each country separately, and for several pooled combinations of the countries. The estimated elasticities for the Asian countries are compared with those of the OECD countries. Generally, one finds that the OECD countries have GDP elasticities that are smaller, and price elasticities that are larger (in absolute value). The price elasticities for the low-income Asian countries are more inelastic than for the middle-income Asian countries, and the GDP elasticities are generally more elastic. 13 refs., 6 tabs.

McRae, R. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Sandec #12;Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Jonathan Rouse Introduction 7 2 Background 11 2.1 What is marketing? 11 2.2 Why is marketing important for compost producers

Wehrli, Bernhard

124

Do corporate political strategies differ from one country to The case of France and Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do corporate political strategies differ from one country to the next ? The case of France in particular to determine if corporate political actions differ from one country to the next. To answer. Then, variance analysis is used to modelize corporate political strategies in both countries. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

125

MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil Hundreds of indigenous people demonstrated at the National Congress in Brasilia, capital of Brazil, following the announcement in the 1990s in the midst of extensive protests in Brazil and around the world. On February 8, an indigenous

Milchberg, Howard

126

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar panels are designed as a photovoltaic module. The energy producing aspect of the photovoltaic module has two primary steps. The first is a semiconducting material such as...

127

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and the Bureau of Reclamation signed 10-year agreements - known as the Columbia Basin Fish Accords - with four Northwest tribes and two states on May 2, 2008. These historic...

128

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

maintenance personnel, and film crews use small, portable lighting systems known as "mobile lighting." Traditionally, mobile lighting units are powered by diesel fuel generators...

129

Background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Onondaga Lake is located (lat. 4306?54?; long. 7614?34?) immediately north of the City of Syracuse, in Onondaga County, in the middle of the most urbanized ... River. The Seneca River combines with the Oneida R...

Steven W. Effler; Gena Harnett

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonneville Power Administration is considering building a new office building on its Ross Complex in Vancouver, Wash., to meet long-standing work space needs. BPA is inviting...

131

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Administration, January 14, 2011 Figure 2 - Natural Gas Rig Count U.S. Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in Operation (Count) 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 J a n - 0 7 M a r - 0 7 M a y -...

132

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable energy sources are critical to the nation's future, and hydrogen-powered fuel cells offer an attractive alternative to current technologies. However, fuel cell...

133

Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

build a facility in the Sandia Science & Technology Park (SS&TP) in 1998 for their Photovoltaics Division, which builds solar cells for the space industry. This division is built...

134

Aluminum as a source of background in low background experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrinoless double beta decay would be a key to understanding the nature of neutrino masses. The next generation of High Purity Germanium experiments will have to be operated with a background rate of better than 10^-5 counts/(kg y keV) in the region of interest around the Q value of the decay. Therefore, so far irrelevant sources of background have to be considered. The metalization of the surface of germanium detectors is in general done with aluminum. The background from the decays of 22Na, 26Al, 226Ra and 228Th introduced by this metalization is discussed. It is shown that only a special selection of aluminum can keep these background contributions acceptable.

B. Majorovits; I. Abt; M. Laubenstein; O. Volynets

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

135

Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group The Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) has been established to work collaboratively with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs to assist in surveys, analysis, and recommendations related to those program and policy initiatives required to fulfill the DOE statutory authorizations and requirements of Title V of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. About ICEIWG Secretary Steven Chu announced the creation of the Working Group in May 2011 as an initiative to establish a working group of tribal government leaders and DOE to survey, analyze, and provide feedback to the DOE on its policy and program initiatives to meet the goals and programmatic

136

Evidence for a non-zero Lambda and a low matter density from a combined analysis of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a joint likelihood analysis of the power spectra of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies under the assumptions that the initial fluctuations were adiabatic, Gaussian and well described by power laws with scalar and tensor indices of n_s and n_t. On its own, the 2dFGRS sets tight limits on the parameter combination Omega_m h, but relatively weak limits on the fraction of the cosmic matter density in baryons Omega_b/Omega_m. The CMB anisotropy data alone set poor constraints on the cosmological constant and Hubble constant because of a `geometrical degeneracy' among parameters. Furthermore, if tensor modes are allowed, the CMB data allow a wide range of values for the physical densities in baryons and cold dark matter. Combining the CMB and 2dFGRS data sets helps to break both the geometrical and tensor mode degeneracies. The values of the parameters derived here are consistent with the predictions of the simplest models of inflation, with the baryon density derived from primordial nucleosynthesis and with direct measurements of the Hubble parameter. In particular, we find strong evidence for a positive cosmological constant with a pm 2sigma range of 0.65 < Omega_Lambda < 0.85, completely independently of constraints on Omega_\\Lambda derived from Type Ia supernovae.

George Efstathiou; Stephen Moody; John A. Peacock; Will J. Percival; Carlton Baugh; Joss Bland-Hawthorn; Terry Bridges; Russell Cannon; Shaun Cole; Matthew Colless; Chris Collins; Warrick Couch; Gavin Dalton; Roberto De Propis; Simon P. Driver; Richard S. Ellis; Carlos S. Frenk; Karl Glazebrook; Carole Jackson; Ofer Lahav; Ian Lewis; Stuart Lumsden; Steve Maddox; Peder Norberg; Bruce A. Peterson; Will Sutherland; Keith Taylor

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

Low background techniques in XMASS  

SciTech Connect

The XMASS project aims to detect pp and {sup 7}Be solar neutrinos, neutrino-less double beta decay, and dark matter searches using ultra-pure liquid xenon. The first stage of XMASS project is concentrated on dark matter searches using 800 kg liquid xenon detector which requires low background and low threshold. Several techniques applied to XMASS detector for low background will be presented.

Takeda, Atsushi [Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, University of Tokyo, 456 Higashi-Mozumi, Kamioka-cho, Hida, Gifu, 506-1205 (Japan)

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

138

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Agency/Company /Organization: International Labor Office (ILO) Sector: Energy User Interface: Other Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documen Cost: Free Related Tools Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model Integrated Global System Modeling Framework ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A guidebook that provides instructions on estimating the actual and

139

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: cdn.globalccsinstitute.com/sites/default/files/publications/15536/carb Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carbon-dioxide-capture-and-storage-de Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This report discusses the value of carbon capture and storage (CCS)

140

Biotechnology patenting takes off in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the levels and patterns of biotechnology patenting in several developing countries by examining patents registered in the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database. The results showed, firstly, that developing countries have increased their biotechnology patenting during the period with the leading countries demonstrating inventive strengths in this field. Secondly, whereas in some countries national patenting ownership was high in others it was relatively low, which may limit the ability of the countries to harness their inventions. Thirdly, the research sector has been particularly active in patenting, especially in countries with relatively strong track records in developing biotechnology products, but industrial patenting is still limited in most of the countries studied. Finally, several of the countries we examined have a strong focus on health biotechnology compared to other types of biotechnology in their patenting rates. It remains to be seen if the increased patenting will foster biotechnology innovation.

Uyen Quach; Halla Thorsteinsdottir; James Renihan; Archana Bhatt; Zoe Costa Von Aesch; Peter A. Singer; Abdallah S. Daar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

142

Hanford Site background: Part 1, Soil background for nonradioactive analytes. Revision 1, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The determination of soil background is one of the most important activities supporting environmental restoration and waste management on the Hanford Site. Background compositions serve as the basis for identifying soil contamination, and also as a baseline in risk assessment processes used to determine soil cleanup and treatment levels. These uses of soil background require an understanding of the extent to which analytes of concern occur naturally in the soils. This report documents the results of sampling and analysis activities designed to characterize the composition of soil background at the Hanford Site, and to evaluate the feasibility for use as Sitewide background. The compositions of naturally occurring soils in the vadose Zone have been-determined for-nonradioactive inorganic and organic analytes and related physical properties. These results confirm that a Sitewide approach to the characterization of soil background is technically sound and is a viable alternative to the determination and use of numerous local or area backgrounds that yield inconsistent definitions of contamination. Sitewide soil background consists of several types of data and is appropriate for use in identifying contamination in all soils in the vadose zone on the Hanford Site. The natural concentrations of nearly every inorganic analyte extend to levels that exceed calculated health-based cleanup limits. The levels of most inorganic analytes, however, are well below these health-based limits. The highest measured background concentrations occur in three volumetrically minor soil types, the most important of which are topsoils adjacent to the Columbia River that are rich in organic carbon. No organic analyte levels above detection were found in any of the soil samples.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Terrorism, country attributes, and the volatility of stock returns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the interplay between terrorism and finance, focusing on the stock return volatility of American firms targeted by terrorist attacks. We find terrorism risk is an important factor in explaining the volatility of stock returns, which should be taken into account when modelling volatility. Using a volatility event-study approach and a new bootstrapping technique, we find volatility increases on the day of the attack and remain significant for at least fifteen days following the day of the attack. Cross-sectional analysis of the abnormal volatility indicates that the impact of terrorist attacks differs according to the country characteristics in which the incident occurred. We find that firms operating in wealthier, or more democratic countries, face greater volatility in stock returns relative to firms operating in developing countries. Firm exposure varies with the nature of country location, with country wealth and level of democracy playing an important role in explaining the likelihood of a terrorist attack. Our results show that despite significant terrorist events this past decade, stock markets in developed countries have not taken terrorist risk into sufficient consideration.

Naceur Essaddam; John M. Karagianis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Solar Background Document 3 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

3 Solar Background Document 3 A list of private sector investment in Solyndra. Solar Background Document 3.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar Background Document 2 GridWise...

145

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Survey Background and Technical Information on CBECS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background The commercial sector encompasses a vast range of building types- service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as certain buildings that would not be considered "commercial" in a traditional economic sense, such as public and private schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The 2003 CBECS was the eighth survey in the series begun in 1979. From 1979 to 1986, the survey was known as the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey, or NBECS.

147

Integrated global background monitoring network  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the background and elucidates the need for an integrated global background monitoring network. This network should: establish reference levels for pollutants that have potential for global contaminatin, serve as an early warning site for detecting global spread of pollutants, and establish baseline levels for selected ecosystem parameters against which data from more impacted areas can be compared. This paper proposes the following: (1) establish an integrated global background monitoring network for pollutants and ecosystem parameters; (2) pollutant measurements be multi-media; (3) carry out ecosystem parameter studies in conjunction with pollutant measurements; (4) the network be maintained for an indefinite period of time; (5) the network be established using the international biosphere reserve system as the universe from which a subset of monitoring sites are drawn; and (6) that the project be under the overall direction of the Global Environmental Monitoring System. 43 references, 1 figure, 1 table.

Wiersma, G.B.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Non Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

149

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS Workforce Planning | 408-924-2250 classcomp process. Workforce Planning will arrange this directly with the finalist(s) once the hiring manager has provided the finalist(s) name(s) to Workforce Planning. An exception to this process is for any candidates

Su, Xiao

150

Integrated Global Background Monitoring Network  

SciTech Connect

One of the more significant problems when trying to determine what impact is having on global cycles is not knowing what ''natural'' levels should be for both abiotic (gases, trace elements) and biotic (ecosystem functions) processes. The authors believe that a well designed, coordinated network of baseline stations in remote areas around the world can provide a data base will allow best current estimates to be made of biotic and abiotic baseline conditions. These baseline conditions will then help us make better comparisons with more impacted areas, and thus help us more fully understand the impact man is having on his world. This paper examines the history of background pollution monitoring at the international level, describes current activities in the field of ''integrated'' background monitoring, and proposes criteria for the development of a global network of baseline stations to coordinate background monitoring for the presence, accumulation and behavior of pollutants in remote ecosystems. In this paper, this network is called the Integrated Global Background Monitoring Network.

Wiersma, G.B.; Franklin, J.F.; Kohler, A.; Croze, H.; Boelcke, C.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

US Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Government Sector Energy, Land Website http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ Program Start 1993 References US Country Studies Program[1] From: http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ap.html The U.S. Country Studies Program provides financial and technical assistance to developing and transition countries for climate change studies. The program was announced by the President prior to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Brazil in 1992. The first round of two-year studies began in October 1993, and a second round followed in October 1994. Fifty-six countries on five continents currently participate in the program. Regional and sectoral

152

Inhomogeneous Background Error Modeling and Estimation over Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of the analysis increments in a variational data assimilation scheme is strongly driven by the formulation of the background error covariance matrix, especially in data-sparse areas such as the Antarctic region. The gridpoint ...

Yann Michel; Thomas Aulign

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

154

REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.wri.org/publication/getting-ready Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guyana, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mexico, Suriname, Panama Middle Africa, Western Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Central America, South America, Central America

155

Emergent Supersymmetry in Warped Backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that quantum mechanical supersymmetries are emerged in Kaluza-Klein spectrum of linearized gravity in several warped backgrounds as a consequence of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance. These emergent supersymmetries play an essential role for the spectral structure of braneworld gravity. We show that for the case of braneworld models with two codimension-1 branes the spectral pattern is completely determined only through the supersymmetries.

Nagasawa, Tomoaki; Sakamoto, Kazuki; Sakamoto, Makoto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Emergent Supersymmetry in Warped Backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that quantum mechanical supersymmetries are emerged in Kaluza-Klein spectrum of linearized gravity in several warped backgrounds as a consequence of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance. These emergent supersymmetries play an essential role for the spectral structure of braneworld gravity. We show that for the case of braneworld models with two codimension-1 branes the spectral pattern is completely determined only through the supersymmetries.

Tomoaki Nagasawa; Satoshi Ohya; Kazuki Sakamoto; Makoto Sakamoto

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

157

BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Most developing countries of the world still uses biomass for domestic energy, this is mostly used in the rural areas and using our case (more)

Liu, Xiaolin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation is hosting the Special Institute on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country. This two-day conference will cover laws, policies, and practices regarding natural resources development in Indian Country and how they've evolved in the recent years.

159

Solar Background Document 6 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background Document 6 Graph illustrating solar cell production in the United States and China from 2002 to 2010. Solar Background Document 6.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar...

160

Solar Background Document 1 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Solar Background Document 1 Solar Background Document 1 A timeline outlining the Energy Department's extensive review of the Solyndra Solar loan guarantee application from 2006 to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Solar Background Document 5 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

5 Solar Background Document 5 Graph illustrating Chinese Development Bank financing to Chinese solar companies. Solar Background Document 5.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar...

162

Solar Background Document 6 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

6 Solar Background Document 6 Graph illustrating solar cell production in the United States and China from 2002 to 2010. Solar Background Document 6.pdf More Documents &...

163

Solar Background Document 2 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

2 Solar Background Document 2 Media reports and other independent analysts which pointed to Solyndra as a very promising, innovative company. Solar Background Document 2.pdf More...

164

Solar Background Document 4 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

4 Solar Background Document 4 Graph illustrating global distribution of solar manufacturing market share from 1990 to 2010. Solar Background Document 4.pdf More Documents &...

165

APS USER TRAINING HISTORY Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USER TRAINING HISTORY USER TRAINING HISTORY Background The User Program Division Director has delegated to the CATs the authority to authorize the conduct of experiments because the CATs have accepted responsibility for: * identifying and evaluating the hazards posed by the experiment, * specifying controls appropriate to the hazards, and * verifying that controls are in place. One form of hazard control frequently made mandatory by law and laboratory policy is worker knowledge. The accepted means of verifying that a worker has the required knowledge is ensuring that the worker has completed appropriate training. With CAT input, the APS has developed the APS User Training History. This web-based tool enables designated CAT personnel to examine data characterizing ES&H training courses

166

Gauging the cosmic microwave background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a new derivation of the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), and find an exact expression that can be readily expanded perturbatively. Close attention is paid to gauge issues, with the motivation to examine the effect of super-Hubble modes on the CMB. We calculate a transfer function that encodes the behaviour of the dipole, and examine its long-wavelength behaviour. We show that contributions to the dipole from adiabatic super-Hubble modes are strongly suppressed, even in the presence of a cosmological constant, contrary to claims in the literature. We also introduce a naturally defined CMB monopole, which exhibits closely analogous long-wavelength behaviour. We discuss the geometrical origin of this super-Hubble suppression, pointing out that it is a simple reflection of adiabaticity, and hence argue that it will occur regardless of the matter content.

J. P. Zibin; Douglas Scott

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

167

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

168

11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic ...

Kim, Annette M.

169

Vietnam-USAID Country Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-USAID Country Report Vietnam-USAID Country Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Vietnam-USAID Country Report: From Ideas to Action: Clean Energy Solutions for Asia to Address Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: usaid.eco-asia.org/programs/cdcp/reports/Ideas-to-Action/annexes/Annex Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

170

Property:Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Country Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + United Kingdom + A A1 Sun, Inc. + United States + ALDACOR INC + United States + Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council + United Arab Emirates + Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining + Algeria + Alternate Energy LLC + United States + B Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority + Bahrain + Balloon Eólica + Brazil + Buffalo Software + United States + C CSBC Corporation + Taiwan + Community Energy Inc + United States + E EXEN Holdings LLC + United States + Ecoforest + Spain + H HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Gabon + HOMER + Sri Lanka + HOMER + Canada +

171

DarkLight radiation backgrounds  

SciTech Connect

We report measurements of photon and neutron radiation levels observed while transmitting a 0.43 MW electron beam through millimeter-sized apertures and during beam-on, but accelerating gradient RF-on, operation. These measurements were conducted at the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) facility of the Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) using a 100 MeV electron beam from an energy-recovery linear accelerator. The beam was directed successively through 6 mm, 4 mm, and 2 mm diameter apertures of length 127 mm in aluminum at a maximum current of 4.3 mA (430 kW beam power). This study was conducted to characterize radiation levels for experiments that need to operate in this environment, such as the proposed DarkLight Experiment. We find that sustained transmission of a 430 kW CW beam through a 2 mm aperture is feasible with manageable beam-related backgrounds. We also find that during beam-off, RF-on operation, field emission inside the niobium cavities of the accelerator cryomodules is the primary source of ambient radiation.

Kalantarians, N. [Department of Physics, Hampton University, Hampton VA 23668 (United States); Collaboration: DarkLight Collaboration

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

DarkLight radiation backgrounds  

SciTech Connect

We report measurements of photon and neutron radiation levels observed while transmitting a 0.43 MW electron beam through millimeter-sized apertures and during beam-on, but accelerating gradient RF-on, operation. These measurements were conducted at the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) facility of the Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) using a 100 MeV electron beam from an energy-recovery linear accelerator. The beam was directed successively through 6 mm, 4 mm, and 2 mm diameter apertures of length 127 mm in aluminum at a maximum current of 4.3 mA (430 kW beam power). This study was conducted to characterize radiation levels for experiments that need to operate in this environment, such as the proposed DarkLight Experiment. We find that sustained transmission of a 430 kW CW beam through a 2 mm aperture is feasible with manageable beam-related backgrounds. We also find that during beam-off, RF-on operation, field emission inside the niobium cavities of the accelerator cryomodules is the primary source of ambient radiation.

Kalantarians, Narbe [University of Texas

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

174

Oil prices and the developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many of the present difficulties of the world economy have been blamed on the two oil-price explosions of the 1970s. Professor Chichilnisky shows ... , at least in the case of the oil-importing developing countri...

Graciela Chichilnisky

175

Quality Renewable Energy Training in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What about the developing countries where Renewable Energy is still needed to meet the needs ... growing market. But the growing market needs quality trained technicians. How are the thousands of...

Geoff Stapleton; Zhu Li; Stephen Garrett

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Health Labor Markets in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The health workforce plays a key role in increasing access to health services for populations in developing countries. Yet there are numerous challenges in this critical area of health policy in developing countries, including labor shortages, geographic disparities, and variation in health worker productivity and quality. A labor economics perspective is extremely useful in understanding why, for example, countries with relatively similar epidemiological and disease profiles have vastly different numbers of doctors and nurses, or why there are unemployed nurses when the need for care is so great. This article reviews the key factors that influence the demand for and supply of health workers and reviews the special features of the health labor market in developing countries.

M. Vujicic

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tribal Programs in Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to the cleanup of sites that were once part of the Nation's nuclear weapons complex. Several of these sites are located close or adjacent to sovereign Tribal nations and impact Indian lands and/or resources. Consistent with the Department's American

178

Application of classification methods in assessment of NATO member countries' economic, security and political risks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to attempt possible quantification of determinants of military expenditure and their application to current NATO member countries. To analyse the economic security and political risks of NATO member countries author employ multivariate statistical techniques which take into consideration the multivariate properties of the data sets used as input variables. Classification of countries based on cluster analysis has made it possible to identify disparities between NATO member countries and thus to describe diverse economic or security environment affecting the amount of military expenditure as a percentage of the respective countries' gross domestic product.

Jakub Odehnal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries  

SciTech Connect

Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Gravitational clustering in Static and Expanding Backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A brief summary of several topics in the study of gravitational many body problem is given. The discussion covers both static backgrounds (applicable to astrophysical systems) as well as clustering in an expanding background (relevant for cosmology)

T. Padmanabhan

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Network Requirements Workshop - Documents and Background Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science...

182

Risk Estimation; Background Radiation (Natural and Artificial )  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-threshold mode estimate the response at lower doses. · The Committee on Biological Effects of Ionizing RadiationModule 9 Risk Estimation; Background Radiation (Natural and Artificial ) · sources of background radiation · various risk models. · estimating risk and on the sources of background radiation, both

Massey, Thomas N.

183

Lovelock black holes in a string cloud background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an exact static, spherically symmetric black hole solution to the third order Lovelock gravity with a string cloud background in seven dimensions for the special case when the second and third order Lovelock coefficients are related via $\\tilde{\\alpha}^2_2=3\\tilde{\\alpha}_3\\;(\\equiv\\alpha^2)$. Further, we examine thermodynamic properties of this black hole to obtain exact expressions for mass, temperature, entropy and also perform the thermodynamic stability analysis. We see that a string cloud background makes a profound influence on horizon structure, thermodynamic properties and the stability of black holes. Interestingly, the entropy of the black hole is unaffected due to a string cloud background. However, the critical solution for thermodynamic stability is being affected by a string cloud background.

Tae-Hun Lee; Dharmanand Baboolal; Sushant G. Ghosh

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

184

Sustainable energy for developing countries : modelling transitions to renewable and clean energy in rapidly developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this thesis is first to adapt energy models for the use in developing countries and second to model sustainable energy transitions (more)

Urban, Frauke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

High Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Country Energy High Country Energy Place Kasson, Minnesota Zip MN 55944 Sector Wind energy Product Developing a planned 300MW wind project in Dodge and Olmsted countries, Minnesota. Coordinates 44.02676°, -92.748254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.02676,"lon":-92.748254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels December 9, 2010 - 5:33pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Editor's Note: This entry is crossposted from the Energy Savers Blog. Every Thanksgiving, we hear stories about an imprudent cook deep frying a turkey inside, resulting in fiery disaster. But a more humdrum risk of deep-frying is improperly disposing of the grease. Pouring it down the drain, which can clog municipal pipes and pollute local waterways, is actually illegal in many places. A better option is to have it recycled into biodiesel. Some Clean Cities coalitions, supported by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Vehicle Technologies Program, have worked with their local governments to make holiday drippings

187

Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels December 7, 2010 - 12:37pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Every Thanksgiving, we hear stories about an imprudent cook deep frying a turkey inside, resulting in fiery disaster. But a more humdrum risk of deep-frying is improperly disposing of the grease. Pouring it down the drain, which can clog municipal pipes and pollute local waterways, is actually illegal in many places. A better option is to have it recycled into biodiesel. Some Clean Cities coalitions, supported by the Vehicle Technologies Program in EERE, have worked with their local governments to make holiday drippings into clean fuel. This year, Pima County (Tucson), Arizona collected more than 4,400 pounds of used oil at their sixth annual Day After Thanksgiving Grease Recycling

188

Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Country Project Country Property Type Page Pages using the property "Project Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/ADM 3 + Ireland + MHK Projects/ADM 4 + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/ADM 5 + Portugal + MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/AWS II + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project + United States + MHK Projects/Agucadoura + Portugal + MHK Projects/Alaska 1 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 13 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 17 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 18 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 24 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 25 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 28 + United States +

189

Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries Extended discussion here Carbon emissions per capita 1973 vs. 1991 by major end use. (Denmark comparison is 1972 and 1991) With the third Conference of the Parties (COP-3) in Kyoto approaching, there is a great deal of excitement over policies designed to reduce future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels. At COP-3, more than 130 nations will meet to create legally binding targets for CO2 reductions. Accordingly, we have analyzed the patterns of emissions arising from the end uses of energy (and electricity production) in ten industrialized countries, with surprising and, in some cases, worrisome results. The surprise is that emissions in many countries in the early 1990s were lower than in the 1970s in an absolute sense and on a per capita basis; the worry

190

Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis of Short-Bunch Production with the APS Booster and a Bunch Compressor Michael Borland, AOD/OAG ∗ August 8, 2003 1 Abstract There is significant interest among x-ray scientists in short-pulse x-rays. The x-rays from the APS ring, although very bright, are produced by an electron bunch with an rms length of more than 30 ps. Typically, it is only a linear accelerator that can produce a very short bunch. An idea was brought to my attention by Glenn Decker that might allow us to produce a short bunch using the APS booster. This idea involves extracting the beam from the booster at 3 to 4 GeV, while it is still relatively short, then compressing it with a magnetic bunch compressor. In this note, we present a preliminary analysis of this idea, along with the related idea of using a nonequilibrium beam from the APS photoinjector. 2 Background We will begin with an examination of the ideal result

191

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA JUNE 2006 This publication COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA The authors' views expressed in this publication do not necessarily States, Country Case Study: Northern Uganda. Arlington, Virginia, USA: Basic Support

Scharfstein, Daniel

192

A method for enhancement of background sounds in forensic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method for enhancement of background sounds in forensic audio recordings Robert C. Maher;Outline · Introduction ­ Audio forensic analysis ­ Adaptive interference cancelling ­ Sinusoidal modeling · Test implementation · Example processing · Conclusion #12;Audio Forensics · Audio Forensics

Maher, Robert C.

193

Georgia (country): Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Georgia (country): Energy Resources Georgia (country): Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42,"lon":43.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

194

Combining indicators of energy consumption and CO2 emissions: a cross-country comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When countries are compared in terms of their carbon emission intensities, carbon emissions are normally considered as a function of either energy consumption, GDP, population or any other suitable variable. These can be termed as partial indicators as they consider emissions as a function of only one variable. Simultaneous consideration of more variables affecting carbon emissions is relatively complex. In this paper, several variables are simultaneously considered in comparing carbon emissions of countries using a new mathematical programming methodology, called the Data Envelopment Analysis. We have illustrated the use of the methodology with four variables representing CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic activity. The illustrative analysis shows that Luxembourg, Norway, Sudan, Switzerland and Tanzania have been considered the most efficient countries, followed by India and Nigeria. Central European countries such as Poland, Romania, the Czech Republic, and South Africa are the least efficient.

R. Ramanathan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Mercury and the Gold Country Angler Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;Mercury and the Gold Rush #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Gold Country Angler Survey A Pilot Study to Assess Mercury Exposure from Sport Fish Consumption in the Sierra Nevada Carrie Monohan, Ph.D. #12;Mercury and the Gold Rush Deer Creek 1908 Greenhorn Creek 2011 Mercury was used during

196

Public and Private Enterprise in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... investment on the following day was intended to call attention to the importance of British private investment, and in opening the debate Lord Aldington was particularly concerned with the possible ... publication of the Overseas Development Institute, Investment and Development, in which the role of private investment in developing countries is discussed *. Following an introduc tion by Sir Leslie ...

1965-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

197

Policies for the 2011 Assessment of country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This means huge investments, totalling 1.4% of global GDP per year by 2030, which will have to be madePolicies for the future 2011 Assessment of country energy and climate policies World Energy Council Project Partner OLIVER WYMAN #12;Officers of the World Energy Council Pierre Gadonneix Chair Abubakar

Kammen, Daniel M.

198

Background-independent measurement of $?_{13}$ in Double Chooz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The oscillation results published by the Double Chooz collaboration in 2011 and 2012 rely on background models substantiated by reactor-on data. In this analysis, we present a background-model-independent measurement of the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ by including 7.53 days of reactor-off data. A global fit of the observed neutrino rates for different reactor power conditions is performed, yielding a measurement of both $\\theta_{13}$ and the total background rate. The results on the mixing angle are improved significantly by including the reactor-off data in the fit, as it provides a direct measurement of the total background rate. This reactor rate modulation analysis considers antineutrino candidates with neutron captures on both Gd and H, whose combination yields $\\sin^2(2\\theta_{13})=$ 0.102 $\\pm$ 0.028(stat.) $\\pm$ 0.033(syst.). The results presented in this study are fully consistent with the ones already published by Double Chooz, achieving a competitive precision. They provide, for the first time, a determination of $\\theta_{13}$ that does not depend on a background model.

Y. Abe; J. C. dos Anjos; J. C. Barriere; E. Baussan; I. Bekman; M. Bergevin; T. J. C. Bezerra; L. Bezrukov; E. Blucher; C. Buck; J. Busenitz; A. Cabrera; E. Caden; L. Camilleri; R. Carr; M. Cerrada; P. -J. Chang; E. Chauveau; P. Chimenti; A. P. Collin; E. Conover; J. M. Conrad; J. I. Crespo-Anadn; K. Crum; A. Cucoanes; E. Damon; J. V. Dawson; D. Dietrich; Z. Djurcic; M. Dracos; M. Elnimr; A. Etenko; M. Fallot; F. von Feilitzsch; J. Felde; S. M. Fernandes; V. Fischer; D. Franco; M. Franke; H. Furuta; I. Gil-Botella; L. Giot; M. Gger-Neff; L. F. G. Gonzalez; L. Goodenough; M. C. Goodman; C. Grant; N. Haag; T. Hara; J. Haser; M. Hofmann; G. A. Horton-Smith; A. Hourlier; M. Ishitsuka; J. Jochum; C. Jollet; F. Kaether; L. N. Kalousis; Y. Kamyshkov; D. M. Kaplan; T. Kawasaki; E. Kemp; H. de Kerret; T. Konno; D. Kryn; M. Kuze; T. Lachenmaier; C. E. Lane; T. Lasserre; A. Letourneau; D. Lhuillier; H. P. Lima Jr; M. Lindner; J. M. Lpez-Castao; J. M. LoSecco; B. K. Lubsandorzhiev; S. Lucht; J. Maeda; C. Mariani; J. Maricic; J. Martino; T. Matsubara; G. Mention; A. Meregaglia; T. Miletic; R. Milincic; A. Minotti; Y. Nagasaka; K. Nakajima; Y. Nikitenko; P. Novella; M. Obolensky; L. Oberauer; A. Onillon; A. Osborn; C. Palomares; I. M. Pepe; S. Perasso; P. Pfahler; A. Porta; G. Pronost; J. Reichenbacher; B. Reinhold; M. Rhling; R. Roncin; S. Roth; B. Rybolt; Y. Sakamoto; R. Santorelli; F. Sato; A. C. Schilithz; S. Schnert; S. Schoppmann; M. H. Shaevitz; R. Sharankova; S. Shimojima; V. Sibille; V. Sinev; M. Skorokhvatov; E. Smith; J. Spitz; A. Stahl; I. Stancu; L. F. F. Stokes; M. Strait; A. Stken; F. Suekane; S. Sukhotin; T. Sumiyoshi; Y. Sun; R. Svoboda; K. Terao; A. Tonazzo; H. H. Trinh Thi; G. Valdiviesso; N. Vassilopoulos; C. Veyssiere; M. Vivier; S. Wagner; H. Watanabe; C. Wiebusch; L. Winslow; M. Wurm; G. Yang; F. Yermia; V. Zimmer

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

199

Background reduction and sensitivity for germanium double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Germanium detectors have very good capabilities for the investigation of rare phenomena like the neutrinoless double beta decay. Rejection of the background entangling the expected signal is one primary goal in this kind of experiments. Here, the attainable background reduction in the energy region where the neutrinoless double beta decay signal of 76Ge is expected to appear has been evaluated for experiments using germanium detectors, taking into consideration different strategies like the granularity of the detector system, the segmentation of each individual germanium detector and the application of Pulse Shape Analysis techniques to discriminate signal from background events. Detection efficiency to the signal is affected by background rejection techniques, and therefore it has been estimated for each of the background rejection scenarios considered. Finally, conditions regarding crystal mass, radiopurity, exposure to cosmic rays, shielding and rejection capabilities are discussed with the aim to achieve a background level of 10-3 c keV-1 kg-1 y-1 in the region of interest, which would allow to explore neutrino effective masses around 40 meV.

H. Gmez; S. Cebrin; J. Morales; J. A. Villar

2007-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

200

Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis, Background analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Philippines South-Eastern Asia References: Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis[1] Background Economic Analysis of Solar Home Systems: A Case Study for the Philippines, Peter Meier, Prepared for The World Bank, Washington, D.C. References ↑ "Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis" Retrieved from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

TEC Working Group Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TEC Working Group Background TEC Working Group Background TEC Working Group Background Through the TEC/WG, DOE interacted with representatives of organizations at the state, tribal, and local levels to obtain input for program needs assessment, development and management, and to enhance their capability to carry out transportation emergency preparedness and safety activities specifically related to radioactive materials shipments. TEC membership included representatives from national, state, tribal and local government organizations, labor, industry and professional groups. Members meet semiannually to participate in plenary sessions, breakout work sessions, and in more specialized Topic Groups. To learn more about the history and background of TEC, please see the following documents:

202

TEC Working Group Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background Background TEC Working Group Background Through the TEC/WG, DOE interacted with representatives of organizations at the state, tribal, and local levels to obtain input for program needs assessment, development and management, and to enhance their capability to carry out transportation emergency preparedness and safety activities specifically related to radioactive materials shipments. TEC membership included representatives from national, state, tribal and local government organizations, labor, industry and professional groups. Members meet semiannually to participate in plenary sessions, breakout work sessions, and in more specialized Topic Groups. To learn more about the history and background of TEC, please see the following documents: TEC Charter TEC Work Plan

203

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

314 LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background BPA's low income program began in 1980, serving the states of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Over time the...

204

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. allbulbshiresweb.eps More Documents & Publications Lighting Choices - White Background Lighting Choices...

205

UBS AG, LONDON BRANCH Order No. EA-263 I. BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On April 11, 2002, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) received an application from UBS, AG London Branch (UBS) for authorization to transmit electric energy from the Untied States to Mexico and to Canada. UBS, a Swiss corporation formed in 1998 by the merger of Union Bank of Switzerland and Swiss Bank Corporation, is a power marketer that does not own or control any electric generation or transmission facilities nor does it have any franchised service territory in the United States. The designation "London Branch" indicates the principal booking location of the company's energy trading business; UBS

206

Exelon Generation Company, LLC Order No. EA-249 I. BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exelon Generation Company, LLC Exelon Generation Company, LLC Order No. EA-249 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On August 20, 2001, Exelon Generation Company, LLC (Exelon) applied to the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) for authorization to transmit electric energy to Canada as a power marketer. Exelon proposes to purchase surplus electric energy from electric utilities and other suppliers within the United States and to export this energy on its own behalf to Canada. The energy to be exported would be delivered to Canada over the international electric transmission facilities owned and operated by the following:

207

ENMAX Energy Marketing Inc. Order No. EA-264 I. BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENMAX Energy Marketing Inc. ENMAX Energy Marketing Inc. Order No. EA-264 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On February 20, 2002, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) received an application from ENMAX Energy Marketing, Inc. (ENMAX) to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada. ENMAX is an Alberta corporation having its principal place of business at Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ENMAX is a power marketer and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of ENMAX Energy Corporation, which in turn is a wholly owned subsidiary of ENMAX Corporation. ENMAX currently participates in the wholesale trading of

208

UBS AG, LONDON BRANCH Order No. EA-261 I. BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On April 11, 2002, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) received an application from UBS AG, London Branch (UBS) for authorization to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico. UBS, a Swiss corporation formed in 1998 by the merger of Union Bank of Switzerland and Swiss Bank Corporation, is a power marketer that does not own or control any electric generation or transmission facilities nor does it have any franchised service territory in the United States. The designation "London Branch" indicates the

209

NREL: Energy Analysis - Anelia Milbrandt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anelia Milbrandt Anelia Milbrandt Photo of Anelia Milbrandt. Anelia Milbrandt is a member of the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. She is also a member of the NREL International Studies Team. Senior Energy Resources Analyst On staff since 2003 Phone number: 303-275-4633 Email: anelia.milbrandt@nrel.gov Areas of expertise Biomass resource assessment Geospatial modeling and analysis Integrated resource, infrastructure, and market analysis Primary research interests Sustainable biomass resource development Global natural resources and population dynamics Renewable energy programs in developing countries Education and background training M.S. in geography, University of Sofia, Bulgaria, 1999 Prior work experience GIS Specialist, MN State Legislature, 2001 - 2003

210

Atmospheric muon background in the ANTARES detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An evaluation of the background due to atmospheric muons in the ANTARES high energy neutrino telescope is presented. Two different codes for atmospheric shower simulation have been used. Results from comparisons between these codes at sea level and detector level are presented. The first results on the capability of ANTARES to reject this class of background are given.

S. Cecchini; E. Korolkova; A. Margiotta; L. Thompson

2005-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

Extended Mosaic Observations with the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two years of microwave background observations with the Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) have been combined to give a sensitive, high resolution angular power spectrum over the range 400 2000 power previously seen with the CBI is reduced. Under the assumption that any signal in excess of the primary anisotropy is due to a secondary Sunyaev-Zeldovich anisotropy in distant galaxy clusters we use CBI, ACBAR, and BIMA data to place a constraint on the present-day rms mass fluctuation sigma_8. We present the results of a cosmological parameter analysis on the l < 2000 primary anisotropy data which show significant improvements in the parameters as compared to WMAP alone, and we explore the role of the small-scale cosmic microwave background data in breaking parameter degeneracies.

A. C. S. Readhead; B. S. Mason; C. R. Contaldi; T. J. Pearson; J. R. Bond; S. T. Myers; S. Padin; J. L. Sievers; J. K. Cartwright; M. C. Shepherd; D. Pogosyan; S. Prunet; P. Altamirano; R. Bustos; L. Bronfman; S. Casassus; W. L. Holzapfel; J. May; U. -L. Pen; S. Torres; P. S. Udomprasert

2004-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing Background: Today's Solyndra Solar Hearing September 14, 2011 - 12:04am Addthis Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs This morning, the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations is holding a hearing to discuss Solyndra Solar, the California-based solar manufacturer that declared bankruptcy last week. Jonathan Silver, Executive Director of the Department's Loan Programs Office, will be testifying. We've posted Jonathan's written testimony online. The testimony is very thorough and provides a good explanation of the loan process and the extensive reviews and analysis conducted by the Department between 2006 and 2009. He also explains the remarkable changes in the solar market since

213

Adirondack North Country Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adirondack North Country Association Adirondack North Country Association Jump to: navigation, search Name Adirondack North Country Association Address 67 Main Street, Suite 201 Place Saranac Lake, New York Zip 12946 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 1954 Phone number 518 891 6200 Website http://www.adirondack.org Coordinates 44.326363°, -74.132012° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.326363,"lon":-74.132012,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

214

Cavern background measurement with the ATLAS RPC system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measurement of cavern background has been carried out systematically since the beginning of LHC, as soon as the luminosity produced a detectable signal, from L = 10^28 cm^2s^1 of the early 2010 operation up to L=10^28 cm^2s^1 at the end of 2011 proton-proton run, which is just 1/3 of the nominal LHC luminosity. The reason for this is to early foresee the running condition for the detector for the nominal LHC luminosity and beyond, in view of the super-LHC upgrade. Background Montecarlo calculations have been validated against data and the background map analysis pointed out hotspots due to localized cracks in the radiation shielding. The RPCs participated to this effort since the earliest stages providing an accurate correlation between luminosity and background, a 3D background map in the barrel region and a direct measurement of the cavern activation. Moreover due to the high sensitivity and very good signal to noise ratio of the proposed method, based on the gap current, the measurement was provided in...

Aielli, G; The ATLAS collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Background field method as a canonical transformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We construct explicitly the canonical transformation which controls the full dependence (local and nonlocal) of the vertex functional of a Yang-Mills theory on a background field. After showing that the canonical transformation found is nothing but a direct field-theoretic generalization of the Lie transform of classical analytical mechanics, we comment on a number of possible applications, and, in particular, the nonperturbative implementation of the background field method on the lattice, the background field formulation of the two-particle irreducible formalism, and, finally, the formulation of the Schwinger-Dyson series in the presence of topologically nontrivial configurations.

D. Binosi and A. Quadri

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

216

Background considerations for SuperCDMS  

SciTech Connect

Rejection and protection from background is a key issue for the next generation SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment that will have a cross-section sensitivity of better than 8 10{sup ?46} cm{sup 2} for spin-independent WIMP-nucleon interactions. This paper presents the details of the methods used to reject electromagnetic backgrounds using the new iZIP detectors that are currently operated in the Soudan Underground Laboratory, MN and the methods the collaboration is investigating to protect against neutron background in the next generation SuperCDMS experiment.

Cooley, J. [Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275 (United States); Collaboration: SuperCDMS Collaboration

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

217

China energy, environment, and climate study: Background issues paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developing countries, China has made significant?and relatively successful?efforts to promote renewable energy

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.; Logan, Jeffrey; Guo, Yuan; Wang, Bangcheng; Xu, Qing

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background BPA's low income program began in in the mid-80s, serving the states of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Over time...

219

Environmental Permit Application Background Statement (Delaware)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of Chapter 79 of Delaware Title 7 is to ensure that the State has adequate information about the background of applicants or regulated parties for the purposes of processing permits and...

220

Background Knowledge, Category Labels, and Similarity Judgment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are more special than shared physical features. The goal of this dissertation is to provide evidence that complements these conflicting views. I suggest that the role of labels varies depending on the background knowledge: types of categories (living things...

Yu, Na-Yung

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Microsoft Word - Appendix A_Background.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Background Information, Remedial Action Histories, Background Information, Remedial Action Histories, Present Site Conditions U.S. Department of Energy Weldon Spring Site LTS&M Plan July 2005 Doc. No. S0079000 Page A-iii Contents A1.1 Location and Property Ownership ................................................................................1 A1.2 Physiography and Topography.....................................................................................4 A1.3 Hydrogeology ...............................................................................................................5 A1.3.1 Regional ...........................................................................................................5 A1.3.2 Chemical Plant .................................................................................................5

222

Preliminary Results from the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) is a 13-element interferometer designed to image intrinsic anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) on arcminute scales. A review of the capabilities of the instrument is presented, together with a discussion of observations which have been taken over the past 9 months from the Atacama desert of Chile. We present preliminary high-resolution mosaiced images of the CMB obtained from recent CBI data and discuss topics which the CBI will address in the near future.

B. S. Mason; J. K. Cartwright; S. Padin; T. J. Pearson; A. C. S. Readhead; M. Shepherd; J. Sievers; P. Udomprasert

2001-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

223

Fractal generation of textures and backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRACTAL GENERATION OF TEXTURES AND BACKGROUNDS A Thesis by KEVIN DUANE REUTER Subtnitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfilhnent of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1999... Major Subject; Visualization Sciences FRACTAL GENERATION OF TEXTURES AND BACKGROUNDS A Thesis by KEVIN DUANE REUTER Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfilhnent of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Reuter, Kevin Duane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

Estimating radiological background using imaging spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Optical imaging spectroscopy is investigated as a method to estimate radiological background by spectral identification of soils, sediments, rocks, minerals and building materials derived from natural materials and assigning tabulated radiological emission values to these materials. Radiological airborne surveys are undertaken by local, state and federal agencies to identify the presence of radiological materials out of regulatory compliance. Detection performance in such surveys is determined by (among other factors) the uncertainty in the radiation background; increased knowledge of the expected radiation background will improve the ability to detect low-activity radiological materials. Radiological background due to naturally occurring radiological materials (NORM) can be estimated by reference to previous survey results, use of global 40K, 238U, and 232Th (KUT) values, reference to existing USGS radiation background maps, or by a moving average of the data as it is acquired. Each of these methods has its drawbacks: previous survey results may not include recent changes, the global average provides only a zero-order estimate, the USGS background radiation map resolutions are coarse and are accurate only to 1 km 25 km sampling intervals depending on locale, and a moving average may essentially low pass filter the data to obscure small changes in radiation counts. Imaging spectroscopy from airborne or spaceborne platforms can offer higher resolution identification of materials and background, as well as provide imaging context information. AVIRIS hyperspectral image data is analyzed using commercial exploitation software to determine the usefulness of imaging spectroscopy to identify qualitative radiological background emissions when compared to airborne radiological survey data.

Bernacki, Bruce E.; Schweppe, John E.; Stave, Sean C.; Jordan, David V.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Stewart, Trevor N.; Seifert, Carolyn E.

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

225

Property:HPBD/Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page. Page. Pages using the property "HPBD/Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) H High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States +

226

The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Health Resource Type: Presentation, Technical report User Interface: Website Website: www.who.int/indoorair/publications/energyaccesssituation/en/index.html Cost: Free A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa The "Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries - A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa" report draws

227

Energy and development in Central America. Volume II. country assesments  

SciTech Connect

This volume presents a country-by-country energy assessment of six Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. For each country it includes an assessment of geographic, social, and economic aspects of energy development, an assessment of energy resources, current and projected energy use, potential strategies for energy development, and finally recommendations to USAID for the orientation of its energy development programs. Each country assessment is supplemented with a summary of energy R and D activities and a description of each country's energy-related institutions.

Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

NREL: Energy Analysis - Sadie Cox  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sadie Cox Sadie Cox Photo of Sadie Cox Sadie Cox is member of the Market and Policy Impact Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. International Energy Analyst On staff since April 2009 Phone number: 303-384-7391 E-mail: sadie.cox@nrel.gov Areas of expertise International market analysis Low emissions development planning International coordination to support climate programs Primary research interests Energy and development Renewable energy markets in Africa Microfinance in West African countries Ecological innovation Education and background training M.A. in global finance, trade and economic integration, University of Denver, 2009 B.A. in economics and international affairs, University of Colorado - Boulder, 2005 Prior work experience Graduate Assistant, Josef Korbel School of International Studies,

229

Projection of world fossil fuels by country  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Detailed projections of world fossil fuel production including unconventional sources were created by country and fuel type to estimate possible future fossil fuel production. Four critical countries (China, USA, Canada and Australia) were examined in detail with projections made on the state/province level. Ultimately Recoverable Resources (URR) for fossil fuels were estimated for three scenarios: Low=48.4 ZJ, Best Guess (BG)=75.7 ZJ, High=121.5 ZJ. The scenarios were developed using Geologic Resources Supply-Demand Model (GeRS-DeMo). The Low and Best Guess (BG) scenarios suggest that world fossil fuel production may peak before 2025 and decline rapidly thereafter. The High scenario indicates that fossil fuels may have a strong growth till 2025 followed by a plateau lasting approximately 50years before declining. All three scenarios suggest that world coal production may peak before 2025 due to peaking Chinese production and that only natural gas could have strong growth in the future. In addition, by converting the fossil fuel projections to greenhouse gas emissions, the projections were compared to IPCC scenarios which indicated that based on current estimates of URR there are insufficient fossil fuels to deliver the higher emission IPCC scenarios \\{A1Fl\\} and RCP8.5.

S.H. Mohr; J. Wang; G. Ellem; J. Ward; D. Giurco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Effect of Background Emissivity on Gas Detection in Thermal Hyperspectral Imagery  

SciTech Connect

Detecting and identifying weak gaseous plumes using thermal imaging data is complicated by many factors. These include variability due to atmosphere, ground and plume temper- ature, and background clutter. This paper presents an analysis of one formulation of the physics-based radiance model, which describes at-sensor observed radiance. The background emissivity and plume/ground temperatures are isolated, and their effects on net chemical signal are described. This analysis shows that the plumes physical state, emission or absorption, is directly dependent on the background emissivity. It then describes what conditions on the background emissivity have inhibiting effects on the net chemical signal. These claims are illustrated by analyzing synthetic hyperspectral imaging data with the Adaptive Matched Filter using four chemicals and three distinct background emissivities. Two chemicals (Carbontetrachloride and Tetraflourosilane) in the analysis had a very strong relationship with the background emissivities: they exhibited absorbance over a small range of wavenumbers and the background emissivities showed a consistent ordering at these wavenumbers. Analysis of simulated hyperspectral images containing these chemicals showed complete agreement with the analysis of the physics-based model that described when the background emissivities would have inhibiting effects on gas detection. The other chemicals considered (Ammonia and Tributylphosphate) exhibited very complex absorbance structure across the longwave infrared spectrum. Analysis of images containing these chemicals revealed that the the analysis of the physics-based model did not hold completely for these complex chemicals but did suggest that gas detection was dominated by their dominant absorbance features. These results provide some explanation of the effect of the background emissivity on gas detection and a more general exploration of gas absorbance/background emissivity variability and their effects on gas detection is warranted. i

Walsh, Stephen J.; Tardiff, Mark F.; Chilton, Lawrence K.; Metoyer, Candace N.

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

231

Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty Reduction in Low-income Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty Reduction in Low-income Countries GREGORY GRAFF, DAVID biotechnology innovation is concentrated in high income, ``Tier I'' countries, international diffusion. ? 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Key words -- agriculture, biotechnology, globalization, innovation

Kammen, Daniel M.

232

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Resource assessment Website: hqweb.enlighten-initiative.org/CountrySupport/CountryLightingAssessmen En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Screenshot References: CLAs[1] Logo: En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) About "A large scale shift to efficient lighting is one of the most effective and economically advantageous means to combat climate change. In order to demonstrate the potential opportunities in terms of CO2 emissions reduction and financial economies to be realized by countries that adopt efficient

235

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Connection: close Date: Sun, 29 Dec 2013 17:02:25 GMT HTTP/1.1 200 OK Connection: close Date: Sun, 29 Dec 2013 17:02:25 GMT Server: Microsoft-IIS/6.0 X-UA-Compatible: IE=EmulateIE8 X-Powered-By: ASP.NET Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and

236

Initial Evaluation of CDM-type Projects in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the DFID.

Dr K. G; Begg Centre; Environmental Strategy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission and Goals Mission and Goals Organization Chart and Contacts Background U.S. DRIVE Partnership Budget Timeline Program Activities Advisory Panels External Coordination U.S. Department of Energy Search help Home > About > Background Printable Version Background In the early 1970s, concern over our growing dependence on imported petroleum, coupled with concerns about our deteriorating air quality due to emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, spurred the Federal government to act. The timeline below provides policy and programmatic highlights for federally supported hydrogen and fuel cell R&D over the last three decades. Federal Support for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell R&D Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader.

238

National Climate Assessment: Background and Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Background and Process Print E-mail Background and Process Print E-mail Please view the links below to find out more about the background and process of the National Climate Assessment: National Climate Assessment Development & Advisory Committee Charter ( PDF) National Climate Assessment Proposed 2013 Report Outline [updated on 12/08/2011] (PDF) Strategy On May 20th, 2011 the National Climate Assessment released the following two strategy documents: National Climate Assessment Strategy Summary National Climate Assessment Engagement Strategy Federal Register Notices November 18, 2013 National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC) Notice of Open Meeting pdf | html A Notice by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on 10/29/2013 This notice sets forth the schedule of a forthcoming meeting of the DoC NOAA National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC).

239

Cosmological origin of anomalous radio background  

SciTech Connect

The ARCADE 2 collaboration has reported a significant excess in the isotropic radio background, whose homogeneity cannot be reconciled with clustered sources. This suggests a cosmological origin prior to structure formation. We investigate several potential mechanisms and show that injection of relativistic electrons through late decays of a metastable particle can give rise to the observed excess radio spectrum through synchrotron emission. However, constraints from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy, on injection of charged particles and on the primordial magnetic field, present a challenge. The simplest scenario is with a ?>9 GeV particle decaying into e{sup +}e{sup ?} at a redshift of z ? 5, in a magnetic field of ? 5?G, which exceeds the CMB B-field constraints, unless the field was generated after decoupling. Decays into exotic millicharged particles can alleviate this tension, if they emit synchroton radiation in conjunction with a sufficiently large background magnetic field of a dark U(1)' gauge field.

Cline, James M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montral, Qubec, H3A 2T8 Canada (Canada); Vincent, Aaron C., E-mail: jcline@physics.mcgill.ca, E-mail: vincent@ific.uv.es [Instituto de Fsica Corpuscular, Universitat de Valncia - CSIC, 46071, Valencia (Spain)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students #12;Country profile Main country, Russia. You stand at the beginning of an exciting career, but what are the steps you need to take provides you with practical advice about returning to work in Russia, to help you make a successful start

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Coal prospects and policies in IEA countries, 1983 review  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews coal policies and prospects in IEA countries and major non-IEA coal exporting countries. It also considers demand, production, infrastructure, prices, and environment issues. The review also suggests ways to promote demand for coal as a way of improving energy security in IEA countries.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Cosmic Microwave Background Tests of Inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inflation provides a unified paradigm for understanding the isotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the flatness problem, and the origin of large-scale structure. Although the physics responsible for inflation is not yet well understood, slow-roll inflation generically makes several predictions: a flat Universe, primordial adiabatic density perturbations, and a stochastic gravity-wave background. Inflation further predicts specific relations between the amplitudes and shapes of the spectrum of density perturbations and gravity waves. There are now excellent prospects for testing precisely these predictions with forthcoming CMB temperature and polarization maps. Here I discuss these new CMB tests of inflation.

Marc Kamionkowski

1998-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

Exchange Rate Misalignments and World Imbalances: A FEER Approach for Emerging Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of important surpluses thanks to oil price's increase. Many countries in Latin America and in Africa have in Asia and Latin America since the 1980s, so as to shed light on the 2000s by a long term analysis-Villavicencio and Valérie Mignon for providing the estimations of the Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rates. N°2010

Boyer, Edmond

244

EFFECTS OF COUNTRY OF ORIGIN, COUNTRY ANIMOSITY AND FOREIGN PRODUCT USAGE EXPERIENCES ON PRODUCT JUDGEMENT: A STUDY OF CHINESE CUSTOMERS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An experiment was conducted to test hypotheses the country-of-origin, country animosity and product usage experience jointly determine the intention of product purchase. One hundred and (more)

Sui, Cong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

THE COSMIC INFRARED BACKGROUND EXPERIMENT (CIBER): A SOUNDING ROCKET PAYLOAD TO STUDY THE NEAR INFRARED EXTRAGALACTIC BACKGROUND LIGHT  

SciTech Connect

The Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment (CIBER) is a suite of four instruments designed to study the near infrared (IR) background light from above the Earth's atmosphere. The instrument package comprises two imaging telescopes designed to characterize spatial anisotropy in the extragalactic IR background caused by cosmological structure during the epoch of reionization, a low resolution spectrometer to measure the absolute spectrum of the extragalactic IR background, and a narrow band spectrometer optimized to measure the absolute brightness of the zodiacal light foreground. In this paper we describe the design and characterization of the CIBER payload. The detailed mechanical, cryogenic, and electrical design of the system are presented, including all system components common to the four instruments. We present the methods and equipment used to characterize the instruments before and after flight, and give a detailed description of CIBER's flight profile and configurations. CIBER is designed to be recoverable and has flown four times, with modifications to the payload having been informed by analysis of the first flight data. All four instruments performed to specifications during the subsequent flights, and the scientific data from these flights are currently being analyzed.

Zemcov, M.; Bock, J.; Hristov, V.; Levenson, L. R.; Mason, P. [Department of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Arai, T.; Matsumoto, T.; Matsuura, S.; Tsumura, K.; Wada, T. [Department of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Battle, J. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Cooray, A. [Center for Cosmology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Keating, B.; Renbarger, T. [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA 92093 (United States); Kim, M. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, D. H.; Nam, U. W. [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Sullivan, I. [Department of Physics, The University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Suzuki, K., E-mail: zemcov@caltech.edu [Instrument Development Group of Technical Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Audio-video integration for background Marco Cristani, Manuele Bicego, and Vittorio Murino  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Audio-video integration for background modelling Marco Cristani, Manuele Bicego, and Vittorio of surveillance, namely, audio-visual data integration for background modelling. Actually, visual data acquired by a fixed camera can be easily supported by audio infor- mation allowing a more complete analysis

Cristani, Marco

247

Background Simulations for the International Linear Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on superconducting technology to collide bunches of electrons and positrons. The baseline configuration (about 31 km in a clean experimental environment with low backgrounds. The LHC will likely discover the Higgs boson accelerator directly. DESY FLC, 22603 Hamburg, Germany, adrian.vogel@desy.de 1 #12;Figure 1: Overall view

248

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background This thesis describes a multi-agent based architecture of the research and an outline plan for the rest of this thesis complete the chapter. 1.2 Software Project and monitor progress to check the development is on time and within budget. #12;3 1.3 Software Project

O'Connor, Rory

249

1 Introduction 1.1 Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;3 1 Introduction 1.1 Background Research method is a relevant topic to anybody performing. 1.2 Classical Research, Technology and Technology Research The term research is defined in several different ways. According to Merriam-Webster [1], research is "investigation or experimentation aimed

Stølen, Ketil

250

Carbon Management and Implementation Plan 1. Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the College's energy efficiency and use of resources by integrating sustainability with corporate strategiesCarbon Management and Implementation Plan 1. Background Energy security and the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases which contribute to climate change are one of the biggest challenges facing us

Chittka, Lars

251

UCHC Lockout/Tagout Policy Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UCHC Lockout/Tagout Policy (4/09) Background: This safety policy is applicable to all Health Center: Lockout will be utilized for equipment which is designed with a lockout capability. A valve that can be locked out with a chain is considered as having a lockout capability. Only the Office of Research Safety

Kim, Duck O.

252

Cosmic IR Backgrounds Ned Wright (UCLA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic IR Backgrounds by Ned Wright (UCLA) http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/intro.html See: · http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/cosmolog.htm · http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/DIRBE · http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/CIBR · http

Wright, Edward L. "Ned"

253

Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism: 1) What is Magnetism?Magnetism is a force or repulsion due to charge is called the electric force. But what about magnetism, is there a fundamental property of some matter that makes things magnetic? The answer is: "sort of." Electric current

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

254

Home Energy Score Research and Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Buildings » Home Energy Score » Home Energy Score Residential Buildings » Home Energy Score » Home Energy Score Research and Background Home Energy Score Research and Background Scoring Tool v.2014 In January 2014, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) released the first major update to the Home Energy Scoring Tool. After more than a year of implementation and feedback from program Partners, DOE made significant improvements to the scoring tool's calculation methodology and user interface. A newly refined scoring system will allow inefficient homes to more easily move up the scale with investments in efficiency improvements. This enhanced mobility is expected to help motivate greater action among homeowners. The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed a variety of analyses to test the updated scoring tool. Analysis

255

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/PublicPrivateWeb. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Screenshot References: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries[1]

256

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs (Redirected from Global Change and Developing Country Programs) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1]

257

First National Climate Assessment: Background and Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Background and Process Print E-mail Background and Process Print E-mail Workshops of the First National Climate Assessment In February 1997, the U.S. Global Change Research Program and the Office of Science and Technology Policy initiated a series of Regional Climate Change Workshops with the goal of starting the process of examining the vulnerabilities of regions of the United States to climate variability and climate change. What was initially intended to be three or four workshops developed into a series of twenty, covering every state and territory of the United States. The workshops span from May 1997 to September 1998 and represented the first step in conducting a regional assessment. Each workshop was sponsored by one or more government agencies,and was carried out by coordinators from local institutions. For details on each workshop, including its geographic coverage, see:

258

Polarization Observations with the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polarization observations of the cosmic microwave background with the Cosmic Background Imager from September 2002 to May 2004 provide a significant detection of the E-mode polarization and reveal an angular power spectrum of polarized emission showing peaks and valleys that are shifted in phase by half a cycle relative to those of the total intensity spectrum. This key agreement between the phase of the observed polarization spectrum and that predicted based on the total intensity spectrum provides support for the standard model of cosmology, in which dark matter and dark energy are the dominant constituents, the geometry is close to flat, and primordial density fluctuations are predominantly adiabatic with a matter power spectrum commensurate with inflationary cosmological models.

A. C. S. Readhead; S. T. Myers; T. J. Pearson; J. L. Sievers; B. S. Mason; C. R. Contaldi; J. R. Bond; R. Bustos; P. Altamirano; C. Achermann; L. Bronfman; J. E. Carlstrom; J. K. Cartwright; S. Casassus; C. Dickinson; W. L. Holzapfel; J. M. Kovac; E. M. Leitch; J. May; S. Padin; D. Pogosyan; M. Pospieszalski; C. Pryke; R. Reeves; M. C. Shepherd; S. Torres

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

259

Sideband Mixing in Intense Laser Backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electron propagator in a laser background has been shown to be made up of a series of sideband poles. In this paper we study this decomposition by analysing the impact of the residual gauge freedom in the Volkov solution on the sidebands. We show that the gauge transformations do not alter the location of the poles. The identification of the propagator from the two-point function is maintained but we show that the sideband structures mix under residual gauge transformations.

Martin Lavelle; David McMullan

2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

260

Cosmic Microwave Background: Past, Future, and Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I explain the origin and evolution of anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and argue that upcoming experiments will measure cosmological and fundamental parameters very accurately. Most of the paper focuses on present data, which strongly suggest that the universe is flat. Several arguments are given to prove that present data sets are not contaminated by systematics. New techniques to compare different experiments visually are introduced. These are illustrated for two years of the MSAM and Python experiments.

Scott Dodelson

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report Docket No. EO-05-01. As supporting documentation for "Update 1 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from Mirant's Potomac River Power Plant: Modeling Unit 1 Emissions in a Cycling Mode" this memo documents the fact that the observed 24-hour SO2 background concentrations during periods when meteorological conditions produce the highest impacts from Unit 1. Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report More Documents & Publications Review of the ENSR Report Titled "Update 1 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from Mirant's Potomac River Power Plant"

262

NREL: Energy Analysis - Jordan Macknick  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jordan Macknick Jordan Macknick Photo of Jordan Macknick Jordan Macknick is a member of the Energy Forecasting and Modeling Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. Energy and Environmental Analyst On staff since September 2009 Phone number: 303-275-3828 E-mail: jordan.macknick@nrel.gov Areas of expertise Renewable energy technological characterizations Database development Policy analysis Primary research interests Interface of energy and water in policy planning Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologies Renewable energy deployment in developing countries Education and background training M.E.Sc. in transboundary natural resource policy, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT, 2009 B.A. in mathematics and environmental studies, Hamline University,

263

Ultrarelativistic electron states in a general background electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The feasibility of obtaining exact analytical results in the realm of QED in the presence of a background electromagnetic field is almost exclusively limited to a few tractable cases, where the Dirac equation in the corresponding background field can be solved analytically. This circumstance has restricted, in particular, the theoretical analysis of QED processes in intense laser fields to within the plane-wave approximation even at those high intensities, achievable experimentally only by tightly focusing the laser energy in space. Here, within the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) or eikonal approximation, we construct analytically single-particle electron states in the presence of a background electromagnetic field of general space-time structure in the realistic assumption that the initial energy of the electron is the largest dynamical energy scale in the problem. The relatively compact expression of these states opens, in particular, the possibility of investigating analytically strong-field QED processes in the presence of spatially focused laser beams, which is of particular relevance in view of the upcoming experimental campaigns in this field.

A. Di Piazza

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

264

The nexus of electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reexamines the causal link between electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries (i.e., Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) for the period 19902010, using panel causality analysis, accounting for dependency and heterogeneity across countries. Regarding the electricityGDP nexus, the empirical results support evidence on the feedback hypothesis for Russia and the conservation hypothesis for South Africa. However, a neutrality hypothesis holds for Brazil, India and China, indicating neither electricity consumption nor economic growth is sensitive to each other in these three countries. Regarding the GDPCO2 emissions nexus, a feedback hypothesis for Russia, a one-way Granger causality running from GDP to CO2 emissions in South Africa and reverse relationship from CO2 emissions to GDP in Brazil is found. There is no evidence of Granger causality between GDP and CO2 emissions in India and China. Furthermore, electricity consumption is found to Granger cause CO2 emissions in India, while there is no Granger causality between electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa. Therefore, the differing results for the BRICS countries imply that policies cannot be uniformly implemented as they will have different effects in each of the BRICS countries under study.

Wendy N. Cowan; Tsangyao Chang; Roula Inglesi-Lotz; Rangan Gupta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

266

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2009/11/access-to-climate-change-technology-by-dev Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Screenshot References: Developing Country-Access to CC Tech[1] "The paper critically examines various approaches that have been suggested for achieving greater access to climate change technology by developing countries, including compulsory licensing, patent pools, patent databases

267

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Developing Country Programs Change and Developing Country Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 Global Change Retrieved from

268

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country May 21, 2012 7:45AM MST to May 22, 2012 12:30PM MST Scottsdale, Arizona At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. DOE Office of Indian Energy Director Tracey LeBeau will give the keynote at the conference entitled: "The Next Generation of Indian Energy and

269

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: July 2, 2012 4: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Digg

270

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

271

Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transport

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

DOE Vendor Communication Plan I. Background  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vendor Communication Plan Vendor Communication Plan I. Background On February 2, 2011, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) issued a memorandum entitled "Myth-Busting: Addressing Misconceptions to Improve Communication with Industry during the Acquisition Process." In addition to identifying and refuting common misconceptions about vendor engagement, the memorandum directed agencies to develop high-level vendor communication plans to discuss how each agency will reduce unnecessary barriers, publicize communication opportunities, and prioritize engagement opportunities for high-risk, complex programs or those that fail to attract new vendors during re-competitions.

273

New physics from the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the present status of the Cosmic Microwave Background, with some emphasis on the current and future implications for particle physics. Conclusions are: gravitational instability in a dark matter dominated universe grew today's structure; the Universe remained neutral until z<~50; the CMB power spectrum peaks at 150<~l<~350; the large-scale structure of spacetime appears to be simple; something like inflation is something like proven; we will learn a great deal about cosmology, astrophysics and particle physics from MAP and Planck.

Douglas Scott

1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change AgencyCompany Organization:...

275

The market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study develops a knowledge base of the market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico. The research findings and results of the study (more)

Berentsen, Roberto, Jr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid waste management (SWM) has become an issue of increasing global concern as urban populations continue to rise and consumption patterns change. The health and environmental implications associated with SWM are mounting in urgency, particularly in the context of developing countries. While systems analyses largely targeting well-defined, engineered systems have been used to help SWM agencies in industrialized countries since the 1960s, collection and removal dominate the SWM sector in developing countries. This review contrasts the history and current paradigms of SWM practices and policies in industrialized countries with the current challenges and complexities faced in developing country SWM. In industrialized countries, public health, environment, resource scarcity, climate change, and public awareness and participation have acted as SWM drivers towards the current paradigm of integrated SWM. However, urbanization, inequality, and economic growth; cultural and socio-economic aspects; policy, governance, and institutional issues; and international influences have complicated SWM in developing countries. This has limited the applicability of approaches that were successful along the SWM development trajectories of industrialized countries. This review demonstrates the importance of founding new SWM approaches for developing country contexts in post-normal science and complex, adaptive systems thinking.

Rachael E. Marshall; Khosrow Farahbakhsh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Indonesia-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate in UNFCCC...

278

DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impacts and Indian Country: Built Systems and Other Infrastructure Webinar sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White House Council on Environmental Quality, and...

279

Finacial liberalisation and sustainable economic growth in ECOWAS countries .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis examines the comprehensive relationship between all aspects of financial liberalisation and economic growth in three countries from the Economic Community of West African (more)

Owusu, Erasmus Labri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Data series subtraction with unknown and unmodeled background noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LISA Pathfinder (LPF), ESA's precursor mission to a gravitational wave observatory, will measure the degree to which two test-masses can be put into free-fall, aiming to demonstrate a residual relative acceleration with a power spectral density (PSD) below 30 fm/s$^2$/Hz$^{1/2}$ around 1 mHz. In LPF data analysis, the measured relative acceleration data series must be fit to other various measured time series data. This fitting is required in different experiments, from system identification of the test mass and satellite dynamics to the subtraction of noise contributions from measured known disturbances. In all cases, the background noise, described by the PSD of the fit residuals, is expected to be coloured, requiring that we perform such fits in the frequency domain. This PSD is unknown {\\it a priori}, and a high accuracy estimate of this residual acceleration noise is an essential output of our analysis. In this paper we present a fitting method based on Bayesian parameter estimation with an unknown frequency-dependent background noise. The method uses noise marginalisation in connection with averaged Welch's periodograms to achieve unbiased parameter estimation, together with a consistent, non-parametric estimate of the residual PSD. Additionally, we find that the method is equivalent to some implementations of iteratively re-weighted least-squares fitting. We have tested the method both on simulated data of known PSD, and to analyze differential acceleration from several experiments with the LISA Pathfinder end-to-end mission simulator.

Stefano Vitale; Giuseppe Congedo; Rita Dolesi; Valerio Ferroni; Mauro Hueller; Daniele Vetrugno; William Joseph Weber; Heather Audley; Karsten Danzmann; Ingo Diepholz; Martin Hewitson; Natalia Korsakova; Luigi Ferraioli; Ferran Gibert; Nikolaos Karnesis; Miquel Nofrarias; Henri Inchauspe; Eric Plagnol; Oliver Jennrich; Paul W. McNamara; Michele Armano; James Ira Thorpe; Peter Wass

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Operational background air pollution prediction over Slovenia by QualeAria modelling system - validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Slovenia is a country of very complex terrain and many problems with air pollution in the valleys, canyons and basins, where industrial air pollution is combined with traffic and domestic heating air pollution, giving rise to problems for the health impact and the ecosystems directly or indirectly. Among indirect effects is also effect on solar radiation budget because of photochemical smog and especially particulate air pollution. To assess air pollutants over the country, a preliminary application of an experimental operational forecast system is presented here, with the aim of exploring its potentials and limitations in modelling the background air quality, and to focus the aspects where improvements are needed for a true operational use.

Marija Zlata Božnar; Primož Mlakar; Boštjan Grašič; Giuseppe Calori; Alessio D'Allura; Sandro Finardi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/maroon_fusion.css background-image: url(../images/background.gif);  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/maroon_fusion.css body { background-image: url(../images/background.gif); ../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/ maroon_fusion.css body { background-color: #3e5c5f; ../fusion/templates/mapguide/maroon/css/ maroon_fusion.css #ToolbarVertical { background: #500000; maroon_fusion.css #Toolbar { background

Ahmad, Sajjad

283

NREL: Energy Analysis - Sarah (Busche) Booth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sarah Booth Sarah Booth Photo of Sarah (Busche) Booth Sarah (Busche) Booth is a member of the Market and Policy Impact Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. Energy Analyst & India Analysis Project Lead On staff since June 2009 Phone number: 303-275-4383 E-mail: sarah.busche@nrel.gov Areas of expertise Domestic and international clean energy policy Municipal climate mitigation strategies Renewable energy and energy efficiency for islands Primary research interests Interaction between local and state clean energy policy Domestic and international local climate mitigation and strategic energy planning Renewable energy deployment in developing countries Education and background training Certificate in financial management, Cornell University, 2012 M.A. in international relations and environmental policy, Boston

284

Jordan: A Refugee Haven ---Country Profile Graldine Chatelard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan: A Refugee Haven --- Country Profile Géraldine Chatelard August 2010, Migration Information Jordan since the Palestinian exodus of 1948 has played a key role in the country's politics, economy's Hashemite monarchy to ensure its own stability. Jordan is a case in point for how various forms of mobility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

286

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

Notices Background The National Wildlife Refuge System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

89 Federal Register 89 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 223 / Friday, November 20, 2009 / Notices Background The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee) (Administration Act), as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997, requires us to develop a CCP for each national wildlife refuge. The purpose for developing a CCP is to provide refuge managers with a 15-year plan for achieving refuge purposes and contributing toward the mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System, consistent with sound principles of fish and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our policies. In addition to outlining broad management direction on conserving wildlife and their habitats, CCPs identify wildlife-

288

Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background: Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) contain a wealth of information about the past history of the universe and the present values of cosmological parameters. I ouline some of the theoretical advances of the last few years. In particular, I emphasize that for a wide class of cosmological models, theorists can accurately calculate the spectrum to better than a percent. The specturm of anisotropies today is directly related to the pattern of inhomogeneities present at the time of recombination. This recognition leads to a powerful argument that will enable us to distinguish inflationary models from other models of structure formation. If the inflationary models turn out to be correct, the free parameters in these models will be determined to unprecedented accuracy by the upcoming satellite missions.

Scott Dodelson

1997-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

289

Fast neutron background measurements at shallow depths  

SciTech Connect

We report on measurements of the neutron backgrounds for neutrino experiments at shallow depth (such as the proposed San Onofre neutrino oscillation experiment). A detector capable of pulse-shape discrimination measured the flux of fast neutrons at 20 mwe depth in the Stanford Underground Facility to be (1.07 {+-} 0.30) X 10{sup -6} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. An experiment, situated in the Tendon Gallery of the San Onofre Unit 2 reactor. studied spallation neutrons from muons traversing Pb and Cu. An underground experiment in the SUF, employing a detector filled with Gd-loaded liquid scintillator, is measuring the neutron production rate and multiplicity for muon spallation in low-A material (hydrocarbon-based liquid scintillator).

Chen, M.; Hertenberger, R.; Novikov, V. [Inst. of Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Dougherty, B.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Information Gains from Cosmic Microwave Background Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To shed light on the fundamental problems posed by Dark Energy and Dark Matter, a large number of experiments have been performed and combined to constrain cosmological models. We propose a novel way of quantifying the information gained by updates on the parameter constraints from a series of experiments which can either complement earlier measurements or replace them. For this purpose, we use the Kullback-Leibler divergence or relative entropy from information theory to measure differences in the posterior distributions in model parameter space from a pair of experiments. We apply this formalism to a historical series of Cosmic Microwave Background experiments ranging from Boomerang to WMAP, SPT, and Planck. Considering different combinations of these experiments, we thus estimate the information gain in units of bits and distinguish contributions from the reduction of statistical errors and the `surprise' corresponding to a significant shift of the parameters' central values. For this experiment series, we...

Seehars, Sebastian; Refregier, Alexandre; Paranjape, Aseem; Akeret, Jol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Cosmic Microwave Background and Particle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In forthcoming years, connections between cosmology and particle physics will be made increasingly important with the advent of a new generation of cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments. Here, we review a number of these links. Our primary focus is on new CMB tests of inflation. We explain how the inflationary predictions for the geometry of the Universe and primordial density perturbations will be tested by CMB temperature fluctuations, and how the gravitational waves predicted by inflation can be pursued with the CMB polarization. The CMB signatures of topological defects and primordial magnetic fields from cosmological phase transitions are also discussed. Furthermore, we review current and future CMB constraints on various types of dark matter (e.g. massive neutrinos, weakly interacting massive particles, axions, vacuum energy), decaying particles, the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, exotic cosmological topologies, and other new physics.

Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky

1999-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country November 7, 2011 - 3:16pm Addthis Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs Director Tracey LeBeau meets with tribal leaders from across the United States in Portland, Oregon to discuss how to advance clean energy deployment in Indian Country. | The National Conference of State Legislatures Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs Director Tracey LeBeau meets with tribal leaders from across the United States in Portland, Oregon to discuss how to advance clean energy deployment in Indian Country. | The National Conference of State Legislatures Tracey A. LeBeau Director, Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs Last week, I attended the National Congress for American Indians (NCAI)

293

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENERGY/Resources/Energy19.pdf References: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries [1] Summary "This paper complements the World Bank's Operational Guidance Note by compiling lessons of this experience that help in applying the Note's guidance. These lessons are taken from the rapidly growing literature on power market reform in developing countries. They cover the range of issues

294

Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Website http://www.wri.org/topics/mrv Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Thailand South America, South America, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References World Resources Institute (WRI)[1] Program Overview Developing countries will be required to measure, report, and verify (MRV) mitigation actions according to international guidelines, but few have the capacity to do so. The goal of this project is to build the capacity of a

295

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 2 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

296

Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Name Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Topics Resource assessment Resource Type Dataset, Maps, Publications Website http://www.biofuels.apec.org/p Country Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand, South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, , South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South-Eastern Asia

297

Radioactive Waste Management in Non-Nuclear Countries - 13070  

SciTech Connect

This paper challenges internationally accepted concepts of dissemination of responsibilities between all stakeholders involved in national radioactive waste management infrastructure in the countries without nuclear power program. Mainly it concerns countries classified as class A and potentially B countries according to International Atomic Energy Agency. It will be shown that in such countries long term sustainability of national radioactive waste management infrastructure is very sensitive issue that can be addressed by involving regulatory body in more active way in the infrastructure. In that way countries can mitigate possible consequences on the very sensitive open market of radioactive waste management services, comprised mainly of radioactive waste generators, operators of end-life management facilities and regulatory body. (authors)

Kubelka, Dragan; Trifunovic, Dejan [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/39/39/42122112.pdf Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Screenshot References: Modelling Ag Policy[1] Overview "The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments. In the first place,

299

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. It highlights the pros and cons of various technologies. Cost breakdowns

300

Effective deployment of photovoltaics in the Mediterranean countries: Balancing policy risk and return  

SciTech Connect

Although the Mediterranean region is blessed with abundant solar resources, photovoltaic energy currently represents a very small share of power production. In Germany however, a much less sunny country, the photovoltaic (PV) industry is booming. This country has become a front runner in the adoption of PV because of effective policy incentives. Based on a cross-case study analysis of the German, Spanish and Greek PV markets, this paper investigates factors determining the effectiveness of PV policies. Our analysis shows that, above a certain level of return, risk-related factors (such as policy instability and administrative hurdles) play a more important role in influencing investment decisions than return-related factors (such as the level of a feed-in tariff). (author)

Luethi, S. [IWOe-HSG, Institute for Economy and the Environment, University of St. Gallen, Tigerbergstr. 2, CH-9000 St. Gallen (Switzerland)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Characterisation and mitigation of beam-induced backgrounds observed in the ATLAS detector during the 2011 proton-proton run  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a summary of beam-induced backgrounds observed in the ATLAS detector and discusses methods to tag and remove background contaminated events in data. Trigger-rate based monitoring of beam-related backgrounds is presented. The correlations of backgrounds with machine conditions, such as residual pressure in the beam-pipe, are discussed. Results from dedicated beam-background simulations are shown, and their qualitative agreement with data is evaluated. Data taken during the passage of unpaired, i.e. non-colliding, proton bunches is used to obtain background-enriched data samples. These are used to identify characteristic features of beam-induced backgrounds, which then are exploited to develop dedicated background tagging tools. These tools, based on observables in the Pixel detector, the muon spectrometer and the calorimeters, are described in detail and their efficiencies are evaluated. Finally an example of an application of these techniques to a monojet analysis is given, which demonstra...

Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdinov, Ovsat; Aben, Rosemarie; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Agustoni, Marco; Aharrouche, Mohamed; Ahlen, Steven; Ahles, Florian; Ahmad, Ashfaq; Ahsan, Mahsana; Aielli, Giulio; Akdogan, Taylan; kesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Alam, Mohammad; Alam, Muhammad Aftab; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alessandria, Franco; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Aliev, Malik; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alison, John; Allbrooke, Benedict; Allport, Phillip; Allwood-Spiers, Sarah; Almond, John; Aloisio, Alberto; Alon, Raz; Alonso, Alejandro; Alonso, Francisco; Altheimer, Andrew David; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amelung, Christoph; Ammosov, Vladimir; Amor Dos Santos, Susana Patricia; Amorim, Antonio; Amram, Nir; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Andrieux, Marie-Laure; Anduaga, Xabier; Angelidakis, Stylianos; Anger, Philipp; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonaki, Ariadni; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoki, Masato; Aoun, Sahar; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Apolle, Rudi; Arabidze, Giorgi; Aracena, Ignacio; Arai, Yasuo; Arce, Ayana; Arfaoui, Samir; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Argyropoulos, Spyridon; Arik, Engin; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Arnal, Vanessa; Arnault, Christian; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Arutinov, David; Asai, Shoji; Ask, Stefan; sman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astbury, Alan; Atkinson, Markus; Aubert, Bernard; Auge, Etienne; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Avramidou, Rachel Maria; Axen, David; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baccaglioni, Giuseppe; Bacci, Cesare; Bach, Andre; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Backus Mayes, John; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bahinipati, Seema; Bai, Yu; Bailey, David; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Baker, Mark; Baker, Sarah; Balek, Petr; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Piyali; Banerjee, Swagato; Banfi, Danilo; Bangert, Andrea Michelle; Bansal, Vikas; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barbaro Galtieri, Angela; Barber, Tom; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Bardin, Dmitri; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimares da Costa, Joo; Barrillon, Pierre; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartsch, Valeria; Basye, Austin; Bates, Richard; Batkova, Lucia; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Andreas; Battistin, Michele; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beale, Steven; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Anne Kathrin; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becks, Karl-Heinz; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Beemster, Lars; Begel, Michael; Behar Harpaz, Silvia; Behera, Prafulla; Beimforde, Michael; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belloni, Alberto; Beloborodova, Olga; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Bendtz, Katarina; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benhar Noccioli, Eleonora; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Benoit, Mathieu; Bensinger, James; Benslama, Kamal; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Berglund, Elina; Beringer, Jrg; Bernat, Pauline; Bernhard, Ralf; Bernius, Catrin; Berry, Tracey; Bertella, Claudia; Bertin, Antonio; Bertolucci, Federico; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besjes, Geert-Jan; Besson, Nathalie; Bethke, Siegfried; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianchini, Louis; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biesiada, Jed; Biglietti, Michela; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 31, 2013 October 31, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The eleventh in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 October 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents September - October 2013 Update ......................................................................................................... 2 Tables...................................................................................................................................................... 4 Figures .................................................................................................................................................. 10

303

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

August 29, 2013 August 29, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The tenth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 August 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents July - August 2013 Update ........................................................................................................................... 2 Tables ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

304

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

December 20, 2013 December 20, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The twelfth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 December 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents November - December 2013 Update ........................................................................................................... 2 Tables ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

305

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June 27, 2013 June 27, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The ninth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 June 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents May - June 2013 Update .............................................................................................................................. 2 Tables ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

306

Large-Angular-Scale Anisotropy in the Cosmic Background Radiation  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

We report the results of an extended series of airborne measurements of large-angular-scale anisotropy in the 3 K cosmic background radiation. Observations were carried out with a dual-antenna microwave radiometer operating at 33 GHz (.089 cm wavelength) flown on board a U-2 aircraft to 20 km altitude. In eleven flights, between December 1976 and May 1978, the radiometer measured differential intensity between pairs of directions distributed over most of the northern hemisphere with an rms sensitivity of 47 mK Hz{sup 1?}. The measurements how clear evidence of anisotropy that is readily interpreted as due to the solar motion relative to the sources of the radiation. The anisotropy is well fit by a first order spherical harmonic of amplitude 360{+ or -}50km sec{sup -1} toward the direction 11.2{+ or -}0.5 hours of right ascension and 19 {+ or -}8 degrees declination. A simultaneous fit to a combined hypotheses of dipole and quadrupole angular distributions places a 1 mK limit on the amplitude of most components of quadrupole anisotropy with 90% confidence. Additional analysis places a 0.5 mK limit on uncorrelated fluctuations (sky-roughness) in the 3 K background on an angular scale of the antenna beam width, about 7 degrees.

Gorenstein, M. V.; Smoot, G. F.

1980-05-00T23:59:59.000Z

307

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? International Energy Outlook 2009 Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? The Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) was established in 2001, with the objective of generating “tangible cooperation among gas producing and exporting countries.”a In May 2001, 10 countries attended the first Ministerial Meeting of the GECF in Tehran, Iran,band since then it has held ministerial-level meetings almost every year. The membership has fluctuated from year to year, because the forum has had no formal structure, no membership requirements, and no dues.c Topics discussed under the auspices of the GECF have included the structure of the organization, new regulatory policies in consuming countries, development of a natural gas supply and demand model, and various studies to be conducted for the benefit of the membership.d

308

Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Schwarzschild black hole in dark energy background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present an exact solution of Einstein's field equations describing the Schwarzschild black hole in dark energy background. It is also regarded as an embedded solution that the Schwarzschild black hole is embedded into the dark energy space producing Schwarzschild-dark energy black hole. It is found that the space-time geometry of Schwarzschild-dark energy solution is non-vacuum Petrov type $D$ in the classification of space-times. We study the energy conditions (like weak, strong and dominant conditions) for the energy-momentum tensor of the Schwarzschild-dark energy solution. We also find that the energy-momentum tensor of the Schwarzschild-dark energy solution violates the strong energy condition due to the negative pressure leading to a repulsive gravitational force of the matter field in the space-time. It is shown that the time-like vector field for an observer in the Schwarzschild-dark energy space is expanding, accelerating, shearing and non-rotating. We investigate the surface gravity and the area of the horizons for the Schwarzschild-dark energy black hole.

Ngangbam Ishwarchandra; Ng. Ibohal; K. Yugindro Singh

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

311

Statistics of Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a formalism for analyzing a full-sky temperature and polarization map of the cosmic microwave background. Temperature maps are analyzed by expanding over the set of spherical harmonics to give multipole moments of the two-point correlation function. Polarization, which is described by a second-rank tensor, can be treated analogously by expanding in the appropriate tensor spherical harmonics. We provide expressions for the complete set of temperature and polarization multipole moments for scalar and tensor metric perturbations. Four sets of multipole moments completely describe isotropic temperature and polarization correlations; for scalar metric perturbations one set is identically zero, giving the possibility of a clean determination of the vector and tensor contributions. The variance with which the multipole moments can be measured in idealized experiments is evaluated, including the effects of detector noise, sky coverage, and beam width. Finally, we construct coordinate-independent polarization two-point correlation functions, express them in terms of the multipole moments, and derive small-angle limits.

Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky; Albert Stebbins

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Understanding CDM potential in the Mediterranean basin: A country assessment of Egypt and Morocco  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Mediterranean basin countries on the one hand are considered a climate change vulnerability hotspot, while on the other they obtain a substantial potential for the implementation of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects and especially for North Africa region. Abatement of greenhouse gas emissions can mainly be achieved through utilizing renewable energy sources in the region, implementing energy efficiency measures and substituting oil with natural gas in energy generation. However, with few exceptions, the majority of these countries have a limited track record in the CDM pipeline. The aim of this paper is to investigate possibilities for CDM projects and indentify the main challenges for the promotion of CDM activities in the Mediterranean region. In this respect, an assessment of the current state of related institutional and policy setting, CDM potential and barriers related to the implementation of a CDM project in two representative case study countries of the Mediterranean basin, namely Egypt and Morocco was elaborated. The analysis indicated that the overall CDM potential in Egypt and Morocco are almost equal and both countries demonstrate the same tendencies, the key problem, however, remains on how to deal with the political instability and regulatory barriers the region face.

Charikleia Karakosta; John Psarras

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Mental health inequalities in 9 former Soviet Union countries: Evidence from the previous decade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the previous two decades, countries of the former Soviet Union underwent substantive economic and social changes. While there has been some limited evidence on the relationship between socioeconomic well-being and mental health in the developing and transitional economies, the evidence on economic inequalities in mental health has so far been scarce. In this paper, we analyse two unique datasets collected in 2001 (N=18,428) and in 2010 (N=17,998) containing data on 9 countries of the former Soviet Union, exploring how mental health inequalities have changed between 2001 and 2010. Using regression analysis, as well as the indirect standardization approach, we found that mental health appears to have substantially improved in most studied countries during the past decade. Specifically, both the proportion of people with poor mental health, as well as wealth-related inequalities in poor mental health, decreased in almost all countries, except Georgia. Hence, we did not find evidence of a trade-off between changes in average and distributional mental health indicators between 2001 and 2010. Our findings give ground for optimism that at least on these measures, the most difficult times associated with the transition to a market economy in this region may be coming to an end.

Yevgeniy Goryakin; Marc Suhrcke; Bayard Roberts; Martin McKee

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Measurement of a Peak in the Cosmic Microwave Background Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a measurement of the angular power spectrum of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at scales of 03 to 5 from the North American test flight of the Boomerang experiment. Boomerang is a balloon-borne telescope with a bolometric receiver designed to map CMB anisotropies on a long-duration balloon flight. During a 6 hr test flight of a prototype system in 1997, we mapped more than 200 deg2 at high Galactic latitudes in two bands centered at 90 and 150 GHz with a resolution of 26' and 165 FWHM, respectively. Analysis of the maps gives a power spectrum with a peak at angular scales of 1 with an amplitude 70 ?KCMB.

P. D. Mauskopf; P. A. R. Ade; P. de Bernardis; J. J. Bock; J. Borrill; A. Boscaleri; B. P. Crill; G. DeGasperis; G. De Troia; P. Farese; P. G. Ferreira; K. Ganga; M. Giacometti; S. Hanany; V. V. Hristov; A. Iacoangeli; A. H. Jaffe; A. E. Lange; A. T. Lee; S. Masi; A. Melchiorri; F. Melchiorri; L. Miglio; T. Montroy; C. B. Netterfield; E. Pascale; F. Piacentini; P. L. Richards; G. Romeo; J. E. Ruhl; E. Scannapieco; F. Scaramuzzi; R. Stompor; N. Vittorio

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Why marketing? If you choose to pursue a major in marketing, you will be earning one of the most sought-after degrees in the country. Because  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why marketing? If you choose to pursue a major in marketing, you will be earning one of the most sought-after degrees in the country. Because marketing is the link between an organization and its. The marketing degree from the Spears School of Business at OSU provides a strong educational background

Ghajar, Afshin J.

316

Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research and Background to someone by E-mail Research and Background to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Home Energy Score Research and Background on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Get Involved Partners Research & Background

317

High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility High Country Rose Greenhouses Sector Geothermal energy Type Greenhouse Location Helena, Montana Coordinates 46.6002123°, -112.0147188° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

318

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ecn/units/bs/IEC/LCDS_presentation_082010.pdf Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Screenshot References: Building Energy Efficiency[1] Summary "This report summarizes the findings of an extensive literature survey of

319

Hyannis Country Garden Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hyannis Country Garden Wind Farm Facility Hyannis Country Garden Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hyannis Country Garden Energy Purchaser Hyannis Country Garden Location Hyannis MA Coordinates 41.6356667°, -70.2994661° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.6356667,"lon":-70.2994661,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

320

&#8220;Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight against glo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Jump to: navigation, search Name Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Ecofys Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Chile, Indonesia, Kenya, Peru, Tunisia South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, South America, Northern Africa References ECN[1] Ecofys[2] Program Overview This project runs from March 2012 to December 2014, and is a collaboration

322

Indigenous Knowledge for Environmental Prediction in the Pacific Island Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indigenous people in Pacific Island countries (PICs) often use their knowledge of the environment, acquired through generations of holistic observational practices and experimental learning, to make meteorological forecasts. Such knowledge systems ...

Savin S. Chand; Lynda E. Chambers; Mike Waiwai; Philip Malsale; Elisabeth Thompson

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...necessary to complement these reforms with specific, targeted...developing countries policy reform will have to be complemented...community, education and health care services. REFERENCES...soil conservation and the reform of agricultural pricing...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

325

Oil Prices, Opec and the Poor Oil Consuming Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1950, the year O.P.E.C. (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) was formed, the world oil industry was dominated by a group of seven oligopolistic major international oil companies, who were collective...

Biplab Dasgupta

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

mHealth for Influenza Pandemic Surveillance in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Influenza pandemics caused millions of deaths and massive economic losses worldwide in the last century. The impact of any future pandemic is likely to be greatest in developing countries as a result of their limited surveillance and healthcare resources. ...

JunHua Li; Nathan Moore; Shahriar Akter; Steven Bleisten; Pradeep Ray

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of building envelope and weather data in reducing electrical energy consumption. The impacts of the following parameters were studied namely; walls and roof constructions, window size and glazing type for different geographical locations in the Arab Countries...

Hanna, G. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Low-Cost Blood Pressure Monitor Device for Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Taking the Blood Pressure (BP) with a traditional sphygmomanometer requires a trained user. In developed countries, patients who need to monitor their BP at home usually acquire an electronic BP device with an...

Carlos Arteta; Joo S. Domingos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Data and Fiscal Institutions of the Surveyed Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter describes the data base and provides a detailed survey of the fiscal and social institutions of the countries examined in this book. It is explained how the authors dealt with the LIS microdata an...

Christian Seidl; Kirill Pogorelskiy; Stefan Traub

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Relative ecological footprints based on resource usage efficiency per capita: macro-level segmentation of 121 countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper makes a vital contribution to the fields of sustainability studies, environmental policy-making and green business planning by presenting evidence that contradicts widely accepted conventional wisdom about the relative environmental efficiency of countries as determined by resource usage per capita. Using model-based cluster analysis, this study forms and compares groups of countries that are statistically similar in terms of their global ecological impact per person. The three measures of efficiency energy consumption per capita, emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) per capita, and per capita paper and paper products consumption are all related to a country's comparative resource usage efficiency and contribution to climate change, a primary global concern. The authors offer theoretical and practical motivations for using model-based cluster analysis as well as provide interpretation and insight of the resulting clusters.

D. Steven White; Adam J. Sulkowski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Global governance of technology: meeting the needs of developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2000, world leaders adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration in which they pledged to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the world's people earning less than a dollar a day, suffering from hunger and unable to obtain safe drinking water. This paper argues that meeting these targets will entail concerted efforts to raise economic productivity in the developing world and to redirect research and development (R&D) in the industrialised countries to address problems that affect the developing countries. Doing this will require approaches that place science and technology at the centre of development policy in a world that is marked by extreme disparities in the creation of scientific and technical knowledge. Mobilising this knowledge to meet the agricultural, health, communication and environmental needs of developing countries will continue to be one of the most important issues in international relations in the years to come. The paper identifies ways of using the world's scientific and technological knowledge to meet the needs of developing countries. More specifically, it examines linkages among science, technology and development; emerging trends in innovation systems; incentive measures for technological innovation; and how to make technology work for developing countries. The paper examines two categories of measures needed to promote the application of science and technology to development. The first includes measures adopted by developing countries themselves to promote scientific research and technological innovation as a key element in economic development policy. The second includes measures that can be adopted in the industrialised countries to contribute to solving problems in developing countries.

Calestous Juma; Karen Fang; Derya Honca; Jorge Huete-Perez; Victor Konde; Sung H. Lee; Jimena Arenas; Adrian Ivinson; Hilary Robinson; Seema Singh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Causal relationship between nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in G6 countries: Evidence from panel Granger causality tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Looking at the recent nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, the consequences were not just environmental or economic. The accident was a big hit to the reputation and trust in nuclear power generation making a number of countries reconsider the nuclear energy as an option. The recent financial crisis might have limited even more the developed countries from the necessary capital to invest in expensive power options but this might change in the future if the positive environmental effects of the nuclear power can be proven substantial. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the causal link between nuclear energy consumption and economic growth for six developed countries over the period from 1971 to 2011. Granger causality procedure based on Meta-analysis in heterogeneous mixed panels is used to allow for cross-sectional dependency and heterogeneity across countries. The empirical findings for the overall panel support the presence of unidirectional causality running from economic growth to nuclear energy consumption across the G-6 countries. However, in the case of UK we find a bidirectional causality running from nuclear energy consumption to economic growth; while the results for Germany confirm the growth hypothesis and for the rest of the countries the neutrality hypothesis.

T. Chang; F. Gatwabuyege; R. Gupta; R. Inglesi-Lotz; N.C. Manjezi; B.D. Simo-Kengne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 4: Mexico: Draft  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of carbon emissions from deforestation in Mexico are derived for the year 1985 and for two contrasting scenarios in 2025. Carbon emissions are calculated through an in-depth review of the existing information on forest cover deforestation mtes and area affected by forest fires as well as on forests` carbon-related biological characteristics. The analysis covers both tropical -- evergreen and deciduous -- and temperate -- coniferous and broadleaf -- closed forests. Emissions from the forest sector are also compared to those from energy and industry. Different policy options for promoting the sustainable management of forest resources in the country are discussed. The analysis indicates that approximately 804,000 hectares per year of closed forests suffered from major perturbations in the mid 1980`s in Mexico, leading to an annual deforestation mte of 668,000 hectares. Seventy five percent of total deforestation is concentrated in tropical forests. The resulting annual carbon balance is estimated in 53.4 million tons per year, and the net committed emissions in 45.5 million tons or 41% and 38%, respectively, of the country`s total for 1985--87. The annual carbon balance from the forest sector in 2025 is expected to decline to 16.5 million tons in the low emissions scenario and to 22.9 million tons in the high emissions scenario. Because of the large uncertainties in some of the primary sources of information, the stated figures should be taken as preliminary estimates.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Cerutti, O.M.; Ordonez, M.J.; Minjarez, R.D. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico) Centro de Ecologia

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost Agency/Company /Organization UC Berkeley- Energy Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://rael.berkeley.edu/sites Country Malaysia, Borneo South-Eastern Asia, References Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost[1] Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost Screenshot Overview "This report aims to present and analyze information on the potential of renewable energy in Sabah to provide an environmentally-friendly,

336

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Availability and Price of The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran February 29, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 A report required by section 1245 (d)(4)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views

337

The role of the domestic private sector in developing countries for addressing local health needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing countries can benefit from conducting innovative research and development in science and technology prioritised to their own specific health and development needs. Here, the role of the domestic private sector in utilising its knowledge, expertise, resources and relationships is critical for translating R&D results into tangible health products and services for individuals. We have recently initiated a study to analyse how the domestic health biotechnology sectors of four developing countries ?? India, China, Brazil and South Africa ?? address local health needs. In this paper, we introduce the purpose, design and objectives of the study, describe our rationale for undertaking this research and present preliminary results from our analysis of health biotechnology firms in India.

Sarah E. Frew; Stephen M. Sammut; Winnie W. Siu; Abdallah S. Daar; Peter A. Singer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Evidence-Based Background Material Underlying Guidance for Federal...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Material Underlying Guidance for Federal Agencies in Implementing Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans Evidence-Based Background Material Underlying Guidance for...

339

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

background in the neutrinoless double beta decay region ofis searching for neutrinoless double beta decay (0???), a

Andreotti, E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Background noise spectra of global seismic stations  

SciTech Connect

Over an extended period of time station noise spectra were collected from various sources for use in estimating the detection and location performance of global networks of seismic stations. As the database of noise spectra enlarged and duplicate entries became available, an effort was mounted to more carefully select station noise spectra while discarding others. This report discusses the methodology and criteria by which the noise spectra were selected. It also identifies and illustrates the station noise spectra which survived the selection process and which currently contribute to the modeling efforts. The resulting catalog of noise statistics not only benefits those who model network performance but also those who wish to select stations on the basis of their noise level as may occur in designing networks or in selecting seismological data for analysis on the basis of station noise level. In view of the various ways by which station noise were estimated by the different contributors, it is advisable that future efforts which predict network performance have available station noise data and spectral estimation methods which are compatible with the statistics underlying seismic noise. This appropriately requires (1) averaging noise over seasonal and/or diurnal cycles, (2) averaging noise over time intervals comparable to those employed by actual detectors, and (3) using logarithmic measures of the noise.

Wada, M.M.; Claassen, J.P.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Surface-wave-enabled darkfield aperture for background suppression during  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can be directly incorporated onto optical sensors to accom- plish predetection background suppression if the sensor is fully capable of measuring the same weak signal in the absence of background (1, 2- trivial to employ. A sensor that can intrinsically cancel a strong background prior to signal detection

Yang, Changhuei

343

PoGOLite: Neutron Background Studies for High Latitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PoGOLite: Neutron Background Studies for High Latitudes Maria Fernanda Muñoz Salinas SH2006. The measurements showed a neutron background ten times higher than expected. Because of this, new simulations of the PoGOLite flight which will take place in the summer of 2012. The neutron background was simulated

Haviland, David

344

Matrix Model in a Class of Time Dependent Supersymmetric Backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the matrix model in a class of 11D time dependent supersymmetric backgrounds as obtained in hep-th/0508191 . We construct the matrix model action through the matrix regularization of the membrane action in the background. We show that the action is exact to all order of fermionic coordinates. Furthermore We discuss the fuzzy sphere solutions in this background.

Hong-Zhi Chen; Bin Chen

2006-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

345

Gator: a low-background counting facility at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A low-background germanium spectrometer has been installed and is being operated in an ultra-low background shield (the Gator facility) at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory in Italy (LNGS). With an integrated rate of ~0.16 events/min in the energy range between 100-2700 keV, the background is comparable to those of the world's most sensitive germanium detectors. After a detailed description of the facility, its background sources as well as the calibration and efficiency measurements are introduced. Two independent analysis methods are described and compared using examples from selected sample measurements. The Gator facility is used to screen materials for XENON, GERDA, and in the context of next-generation astroparticle physics facilities such as DARWIN.

Baudis, L; Askin, A; Angle, J; Aprile, E; Bruch, T; Kish, A; Laubenstein, M; Manalaysay, A; Undagoitia, T Marrodan; Schumann, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Simulation of Monsoon Depressions Using WRF-VAR: Impact of Different Background Error Statistics and Lateral Boundary Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a variational data assimilation system, background error statistics (BES) spread the influence of the observations in space and filter analysis increments through dynamic balance or statistical relationships. In a data-sparse region such as the ...

A. Routray; S. C. Kar; P. Mali; K. Sowjanya

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Role of Background in the CERCLA Cleanup Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Background in the CERCLA Cleanup Program Background in the CERCLA Cleanup Program U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Office of Emergency and Remedial Response April 26, 2002 OSWER 9285.6-07P OSWER 9285.6-07P page 2 of 13 Table of Contents Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 3 of 13 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 4 of 13 Definitions of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 5 of 13 Consideration of Background in Risk Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 6 of 13 Consideration of Background in Risk Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 7 of 13 Consideration of Background in Risk Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 8 of 13 Hypothetical Case Examples .

348

Empowering Indian Country to Energize Future Generations (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, including background, goals, mission, activities, and initiatives.

Not Available

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Adaptive Background Learning for Vehicle Detection and Spatio-Temporal Tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Adaptive Background Learning for Vehicle Detection and Spatio- Temporal Tracking Chengcui Zhang1 processing, can be applied to traffic video analysis to address queue detection, vehicle classification , Shu-Ching Chen1* , Mei-Ling Shyu2 , Srinivas Peeta3 1 Distributed Multimedia Information System

Chen, Shu-Ching

350

STATISTICS OF EXTREMES IN CLIMATOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY PART I: BACKGROUND AND TRADITIONAL APPROACHES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 STATISTICS OF EXTREMES IN CLIMATOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY PART I: BACKGROUND AND TRADITIONAL APPROACHES;3 Outline (1) Historical Perspective (2) Basic Characteristics of Climate/Hydrologic Extremes (3) Traditional Statistical Analysis of Climate/Hydrologic Extremes (4) Spatial/Temporal Dependence of Climate

Katz, Richard

351

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Agency/Company /Organization: Kirsty Hamilton Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/Research/Energy,%20Env Cost: Free Language: English This paper, written for those involved in understanding and shaping policy, aims to provide an evidence-base from private sector financiers involved in

352

Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Geothermal Heat Pump: $400 per ton Central AC: $30 - $630 Air Source Heat Pumps: $330 - $630 Ductless Air-source Heat Pump: $300 ECM Furnace Motor: $100 Off-Peak ETS Heating System: $25/KW Cycled AC/Heat Pump: $100 Off-Peak Water Heater: $100 - $200 Heat Pump Water Heater: $200 Refrigerator/Freezer: $75 (with recycling of old appliance) CFL: $1 per bulb LED holiday lights: $3 per strand

353

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Focus Area: Industry Topics: Policy Data Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/media/documents/pdf/Energy_Environment/ind_ene Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/policies-promoting-industrial-energy- Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Energy Standards This paper presents policy options under the structure of an Industrial

354

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country priorities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and

355

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants April 8, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Dr. Art Rosenfeld Distinguished Scientist Emeritus at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory What does this project do? Builds energy savings. Promotes heat island mitigation and public health benefits. Encourages global cooling. I am delighted to learn that India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, announced yesterday at the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi. This working group was offered as part of the Clean Energy Ministerial, which is a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy

356

Adverse Diversity Analysis Guidance | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Recent Research to Address Technical Barriers to Increased Use of Biodiesel Health and Productivity Questionnaire (HPQ) Survey Report...

357

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

358

Fact #781: May 27, 2013 Top Ten Natural Gas Producing Countries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Countries Fact 781: May 27, 2013 Top Ten Natural Gas Producing Countries In 2011, Russia and the United States were by far the top natural gas producing countries, with more...

359

Lead and cadmium in human hair: A comparison among four countries  

SciTech Connect

Concern over the health hazards caused by lead and cadmium in the environment has been emphasized by several investigators. Unlike other biological specimens (e.g. the blood and urine) which indicate recent exposure, trace metal content of hair correlates with body stores, especially of bones, and reflects for each individual, specific factors of genetical and environmental origins. In this paper the authors present results of a survey of lead and cadmium in human hair among four suburban university communities from four countries, two European (England West Germany), one Asian (Saudi Arabia) and one African (Sudan). Hair samples were analyzed for lead and cadmium in order to compare levels and distribution between populations of different ethnic background and geographical location. An attempt was made to study correlations, if any, between levels of lead or cadmium and smoking habits or sex.

Ahmed, A.F.M.; Elmubarak, A.H. (King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG May 29, 2013 Wild Horse Pass Hotel and Casino Chandler, Arizona MEETING OVERVIEW The U.S. Department of Energy Office (DOE) of Indian Energy (IE) hosted an Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) Meeting on Wednesday, May 29, 2013 in Chandler, Arizona. IE welcomed reappointed and new members to ICEIWG. The ICEIWG meeting was held prior to the seventh Tribal Leader Forum on "Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals." Arizona tribal leaders and intertribal organization representatives were encouraged to attend this meeting.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHARTER CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP Official Designation Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group ("Working Group") Purpose The purpose of the Working Group is to provide advice and recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs (OIE) and the Secretary of Energy with respect to the strategic planning and implementation of OIE's energy resource, energy business and energy infrastructure development policy and programs. Objectives and Scope of Activities and Duties The Working Group shall: (a) make recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs

362

Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries  

SciTech Connect

In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Wind power planning and permitting: Comparative perspectives from the Nordic countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare some important institutional and legal preconditions for wind power development in three Nordic countries: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In the paper a number of historical, institutional and policy-related differences across these countries are highlighted, but most attention is paid to the various territorial planning procedures. The analysis suggests that although public economic support to wind power is necessary to promote its diffusion in the electricity system, similar policy instruments in terms of both size and design can induce significantly different developments depending on the legal preconditions for the location and environmental assessment of windmills. The success and failure stories of technology support policies can thus not easily be transferred across country borders. An important conclusion is that in comparison to Sweden the physical planning systems in both Denmark and Norway provide greater scope for implementing a national wind power policy at the local level. For instance, the Danish planning system is vertically integrated, and involves a designation of areas for wind power purposes in the local plans, while the municipalities in Sweden must in some way assent to (i.e., plan for) the establishment of windmills at a certain location in order for the installation to actually take place. Compared to its competitors, wind power is one of the power-generating technologies that tend to have the most to lose from the uncertainties created by planning regulations that leave much discretion to local authorities.

Maria Pettersson; Kristina Ek; Kristina Sderholm; Patrik Sderholm

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099 Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099 Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.eclac.org/publicaci Country Aruba, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean References Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099[1]

365

Capacity building for flood management in developing countries under climate change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Climate change will bring new flood threats, especially in developing countries. In addition, the contexts surrounding flood management have been shifting globally. If developing countries (more)

Katsuhama, Yoshihiro

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Price of Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports from Other Countries...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Price of Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports from Other Countries (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports from Other Countries...

367

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian developing countries Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(such as the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: ASEAN) which have been... countries believe there is inequality among ... Source: van den...

368

Explaining Conflict in Low-Income Countries: Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Countries: Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of theCountries: ict Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of thedue to incomplete contracting. When incumbent politicians

McBride, Michael; Skaperdas, Stergios

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Kinematics of geodesic flows in stringy black hole backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the kinematics of timelike geodesic congruences in two and four dimensions in spacetime geometries representing stringy black holes. The Raychaudhuri equations for the kinematical quantities (namely, expansion, shear and rotation) characterising such geodesic flows are written down and subsequently solved analytically (in two dimensions) and numerically (in four dimensions) for specific geodesics flows. We compare between geodesic flows in dual (electric and magnetic) stringy black hole backgrounds in four dimensions, by showing the differences that arise in the corresponding evolutions of the kinematic variables. The crucial role of initial conditions and the spacetime curvature on the evolution of the kinematical variables is illustrated. Some novel general conclusions on geodesic focusing are obtained from the analytical and numerical findings. We also propose new quantifiers in terms of (a) the time (affine parameter) of approach to a singularity and (b) the location of extrema in the functional evolution of the kinematic variables, which may be used to distinguish between flows in different geometries. In summary, our quantitative findings bring out hitherto unknown features of the kinematics of geodesic flows, which, otherwise, would have remained overlooked, if we confined ourselves to only a qualitative analysis.

Anirvan Dasgupta; Hemwati Nandan; Sayan Kar

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

370

Microsoft PowerPoint - Powerpoint_Background.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

g g Radiation Radiation Radiation is everywhere Cosmic Inhaled Radon Inhaled Radon Bodies Plants Bodies Radioactive Elements We live in a sea of radiation... Rocks BACKGROUND RADIATION BACKGROUND RADIATION The average background radiation per person is 370 millirems per person is 370 millirems (mrem) per year. This varies widely depending on where someone lives and their someone lives, and their occupation, health and lifestyle. Background Radiation g Most background radiation is g natural. It is part of nat re It is part of nature. It has always been here. y People have always lived with it. Radiation comes from space- sun and cosmic rays Because this type of radiation is somewhat shielded by the atmosphere, y p the dose is higher at higher altitudes Background Radiation Exposure at Different Elevations

371

Overcoming High Energy Backgrounds at Pulsed Spallation Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Instrument backgrounds at neutron scattering facilities directly affect the quality and the efficiency of the scientific measurements that users perform. Part of the background at pulsed spallation neutron sources is caused by, and time-correlated with, the emission of high energy particles when the proton beam strikes the spallation target. This prompt pulse ultimately produces a signal, which can be highly problematic for a subset of instruments and measurements due to the time-correlated properties, and different to that from reactor sources. Measurements of this background have been made at both SNS (ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN, USA) and SINQ (PSI, Villigen, Switzerland). The background levels were generally found to be low compared to natural background. However, very low intensities of high-energy particles have been found to be detrimental to instrument performance in some conditions. Given that instrument performance is typically characterised by S/N, improvements in backgrounds can both improve instrument pe...

Cherkashyna, Nataliia; DiJulio, Douglas D; Khaplanov, Anton; Pfeiffer, Dorothea; Scherzinger, Julius; Cooper-Jensen, Carsten P; Fissum, Kevin G; Ansell, Stuart; Iverson, Erik B; Ehlers, Georg; Gallmeier, Franz X; Panzner, Tobias; Rantsiou, Emmanouela; Kanaki, Kalliopi; Filges, Uwe; Kittelmann, Thomas; Extegarai, Maddi; Santoro, Valentina; Kirstein, Oliver; Bentley, Phillip M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Solar Resources By Class Per Country | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resources By Class Per Country Resources By Class Per Country Dataset Summary Description These estimates are derived from the best available solar resource datasets available to NREL by country. These vary in spatial resolution from 1 km to 1 degree (approximately 100 km) depending on the data source. High spatial resolution datasets (1 km to 40 km cells) were modeled to support country or regional projects. Where high resolution datasets were not available, data from NASA's Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) version 6 database were used. The data represents total potential solar energy per year as a function of land area per solar class (KWh/m²/day). Each solar class correlates to a specific 0.5 kWh/m²/day range. Energy is calculated by multiplying the productive land by the class, conversion efficiency and number of days per year. In this case, a standard calendar year of 365 days was used. The conversion efficiency rate applied was 10%. (E = Productive Land * kWh/m²/day * 365 days * 10% efficiency). The solar data has been derived from solar data measured or modeled between 1961 and 2008, depending on the dataset.

373

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries A Saleh1 and MA Al-Nimr2 1 Abstract: The present study proposes an evaporative refrigerating system used to keep water or other are found to be consistent with the available literature data. Keywords: evaporative refrigeration, heat

374

Relevance of demographic transition theory for developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1974, RANN led in the effort to define a solar energy Relevanceof DemographicTransition...high-risk, high-payoff projects in solar energy research. The NSF is indeed responding...whereas in many coun-tries today (such as Tanzania and Iran) it is over 45 per thousand...

MS Teitelbaum

1975-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

375

Telecommunications (interception and access) and its regulation in Arab countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Telecommunication has been a necessity in all countries this century. Communication has always been an essential part of our lives, education, family relations, business, government and other organisational activities. As telecommunication technology has advanced, so has the need for the interception of telecommunications and access by law enforcement authorities. In addition, lawful interception and the way it is performed have played an important role in the effectiveness of the monitoring of communications. Telecommunications interception and access law should also place a great deal of importance on the privacy of the individual as well as the needs of national security, crime investigation, counter terrorism efforts and economic growth. This paper looks at the applicability of regulations aimed at controlling telecommunications interception and access law in Arab countries. The Australian telecommunications interception and access law is taken as a relevant template that can be examined in light of Arab countries needs and requirements. Various issues unique to Arab countries need to be examined prior to adopting the Australian framework wholesale.

Nazzal M. Kisswani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A Blended Space for Tourism: Genesee Village Country & Museum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Blended Space for Tourism: Genesee Village Country & Museum Abstract Blended spaces are spaces on this enables us to provide general guidance and framework on the design of blended spaces for digital tourism. Author Keywords Design, Tourism, Blended Spaces, User Experience ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2 User

Deussen, Oliver

377

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany core members (project manager) Dr Sweden Germany ordinary members Frank Breitling Eoin Carley Dr. Harry Enke Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr Germany Ireland Germany Germany UK Ireland Germany UK Ireland associated memb. Prof. Dr. John Brown Dr

378

Industrial Energy Use and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The industrial sector accounts for over 50% of energy used in developing countries. Growth in this sector has been over 4.5% per year since 1980. Energy intensity trends for four energy-intensive sub-sectors (iron and steel, chemicals, building...

Price, L.; Martin, N.; Levine, M. D.; Worrell, E.

379

Agriculture in Developed Countries: Competition for Resources [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...related to the supply and demand for agricultural products...countries. On the supply side, agriculture is dominated...need of the market, the demand for food being highly...technology and improved management and organization can...more favourable supply/demand balance for agricultural...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

Not Available

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

Kammen, Daniel M.

382

The Killing superalgebra of ten-dimensional supergravity backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the Killing superalgebra of supersymmetric backgrounds of ten-dimensional heterotic and type II supergravities and prove that it is a Lie superalgebra. We also show that if the fraction of supersymmetry preserved by the background is greater than 1/2, in the heterotic case, or greater than 3/4 in the type II case, then the background is locally homogeneous.

Jos Figueroa-O'Farrill; Emily Hackett-Jones; George Moutsopoulos

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Smoothing of the cosmic background radiation by multiple gravitational scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the smoothing of the cosmic background radiation (CBR) ... rays increases exponentially through multiple scatterings. This exponential growth occurs if the distance is smaller...

Junichiro Making

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Backgrounds and Projected Limits from Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple formula is introduced which indicates the amount by which projections of dark matter direct detection experiments are expected to be degraded due to backgrounds.

Scott Dodelson

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

385

ESnet supports Sandia and APNIC IPv6 Background Radiation research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

supports Sandia and APNIC IPv6 Background Radiation research Engineering Services The Network OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network IPv6 Implementation Checklist ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers...

386

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment E.the contribution of cosmic ray muons to the CUORICINOKey words: CUORICINO, muons, cosmic rays, double beta decay,

Andreotti, E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agencys Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOEs International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a countrys end-state that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOEs AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

388

AES NewEnergy, Inc. Order No. EA-248 I. BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On July 13, 2001, AES NewEnergy, Inc. (AES NewEnergy) applied to the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) for authorization to transmit electric energy to Canada as a power marketer. AES NewEnergy, a Delaware corporation and wholly- owned subsidiary of the AES Corporation, a public utility holding company, is a power marketer that does not own or control any electric generation or transmission facilities nor does it have any franchised service territory in the United States. AES NewEnergy proposes to purchase surplus electric energy from electric utilities and

389

PSEG Energy Resources & Trade, LLC Order No. EA-250 I. BACKGROUND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PSEG Energy Resources & Trade, LLC PSEG Energy Resources & Trade, LLC Order No. EA-250 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On September 14, 2001, PSEG Energy Resources & Trade, LLC (PSEG ER&T) applied to the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) for authorization to transmit electric energy to Canada as a power marketer. The power to be exported by PSEG ER&T will be surplus to the needs of PSEG ER&T's native load and may be supplied by PSEG ER&T-owned generation or purchased from electric utilities and other suppliers within the United States. The energy to be exported would be

390

The impact of non-Planckian effects on radio cosmological backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-Planckian (NP) spectral modifications of the CMB radiation spectrum can be produced due to the existence of a non-zero value of the plasma frequency at the recombination epoch. We present here an analysis of NP effects on the radio cosmological background and we derive, for the first time, predictions of their amplitude on three different observables: the CMB spectrum, the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect in cosmic structures, and the 21-cm background temperature brightness change. We find that NP effect can manifest in the CMB spectrum at $\

Colafrancesco, Sergio; Marchegiani, Paolo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

An assessment of operations of oil-exporting countries in terms of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions from 16 oil-exporting countries are studied using Data Envelopment Analysis using indicators representing economic growth, energy consumption and emissions. The analysis for 1996 shows that Norway, Gabon and Nigeria are efficient and that Russia is inefficient. Malmquist Productivity Index analysis shows that there is progress in achieving higher values of GDP and non-fossil fuel consumption and in achieving lower values of fossil fuel consumption and carbon emissions in the year 1996 when compared with 1992 for Norway, Russia, Mexico, Algeria, Libya, Gabon and Oman.

Ramakrishnan Ramanathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

An electronic radiation of blackbody: Cosmic electron background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Universe owns the electronic radiation of blackbody at temperature 2.725 K, which we call the cosmic electron background. We calculate its radiation spectrum. The energy distribution of number density of electrons in the cosmic electron background becomes zero as energy goes to both zero and infinity. It has one maximum peak near the energy level of 10**(-23) J.

Jian-Miin Liu

2008-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

393

Background Long history of research and education in "nuclear  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Degradation Nuclear Materials · Multi physics modelling · Severe nuclear accidents · Non destructive testing#12;Background · Long history of research and education in "nuclear engineering" at Chalmers. · "Nuclear engineering" = multi-disciplinary research area. #12;Background Establishment of the Sustainable

Lemurell, Stefan

394

cognitive backgroundCIS4140-2 1 administrivia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive background human-computer interaction understand computer workings (reasonably well) how about humans? once part of psychology now considered cognitive science may also need some sociology later #12;cognitive backgroundCIS4140-2 4 perceptual 2 perceptions considered for UI auditory visual new interfaces

Damon, Craig A.

395

Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results May 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Deb Gill U.S. DOE Carlsbad Field Office (575) 234-7270 CARLSBAD, N.M. - New Mexico State University"s Low Background Radiation Experiment (LBRE), which takes place 2,150 feet below the earth"s surface at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, recently released some results about the project"s first two years of experimentation. The March 2011 edition of Health Physics printed an article titled "Exploring Biological Effects of Low Level Radiation from the Other Side of Background," summarizing some initial data taken from LBRE and from a sister experiment conducted at the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute

396

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of carbon emissions from deforestation in Mexico are derived for the year 1985 and for two contrasting scenarios in 2025. Carbon emissions are calculated through an in-depth review of the existing information on forest cover deforestation mtes and area affected by forest fires as well as on forests' carbon-related biological characteristics. The analysis covers both tropical -- evergreen and deciduous -- and temperate -- coniferous and broadleaf -- closed forests. Emissions from the forest sector are also compared to those from energy and industry. Different policy options for promoting the sustainable management of forest resources in the country are discussed. The analysis indicates that approximately 804,000 hectares per year of closed forests suffered from major perturbations in the mid 1980's in Mexico, leading to an annual deforestation mte of 668,000 hectares. Seventy five percent of total deforestation is concentrated in tropical forests. The resulting annual carbon balance is estimated in 53.4 million tons per year, and the net committed emissions in 45.5 million tons or 41% and 38%, respectively, of the country's total for 1985--87. The annual carbon balance from the forest sector in 2025 is expected to decline to 16.5 million tons in the low emissions scenario and to 22.9 million tons in the high emissions scenario. Because of the large uncertainties in some of the primary sources of information, the stated figures should be taken as preliminary estimates.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Cerutti, O.M.; Ordonez, M.J.; Minjarez, R.D. (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico) Centro de Ecologia)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The road from Kyoto: The evolution of carbon dioxide emissions from energy use in IEA countries  

SciTech Connect

Building on earlier analysis of energy use and CO{sub 2} emissions in 13 member countries of the International Energy Agency (IEA), the authors quantify energy use and carbon emissions for nearly three dozen activities and economic branches from the early 1970s to the mid 1990s. They show how lifestyles, economic structure, and overall economic growth affect the structure and rate of CO{sub 2} emissions. Similarly they show how energy intensities, final fuel mixes, and utility fuel mixes shape emissions. Using Laspeyres indices, they calculate the relative importance of each of these factors in affecting sectoral and total emissions over time. They focus on consumer sectors, homes and personal travel, but extend the analysis to all sectors of the economies studied. The authors find that emissions reductions in all sectors after 1990 have been slower than in the previous fifteen years, a period that saw emissions reductions in spite of economic growth. Manufacturing and households led the reductions in most cases, but progress has slowed markedly. In almost all cases, emissions from the transportation sector showed the least reduction and indeed some increases. Findings do not give an optimistic view of the recently concluded accords at the Third Conference of Parties (COP-3) in Kyoto, Japan. The authors conclude that the current rate of energy saving and fuel switching must be greatly accelerated if the IEA countries studied here are to affect reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions to meet their Kyoto targets.

Schipper, L.; Unander, F.; Marie, C.; Gorham, R.; Justus, D.; Ting, M.; Khrushch, M.; Krackeler, T.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Observations of the Isotropic Diffuse Gamma-ray Background with the EGRET Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Isotropic Diffuse Gamma-Ray Background (IDGRB) in the spectral range 30-10,000 MeV was first reported in the early 1970's using measurements made by the SAS-2 instrument. Data recorded by the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) over the last 4 years are analysed in order to extract the best measurement yet made of the IDGRB. Extensive analysis of the EGRET instrumental background is presented in order to demonstrate that an uncontaminated data set can be extracted from the EGRET data. A model of the high latitude galactic diffuse foreground emission is presented and the existence of an IDGRB is confirmed. Spatial and spectral analysis of this background is presented. In addition, point source analysis at high galactic latitudes is performed to reveal the existence of a population of extragalactic sources. The characteristics of this population are examined and models of its flux distribution are reported. The question of whether the IDGRB is composed of unresolved point sources is addressed using fluctuation analysis. Finally, possible future directions for gamma ray astronomy are examined through simulations of a future gamma ray telescope: the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST). The GLAST baseline design is described and its scientific performance is evaluated. The ability of this telescope to detect 1,000-10,000 new extragalactic sources is demonstrated and the likely impact on the study of the IDGRB is considered.

T. D. Willis

2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

399

Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources Town 'n' Country, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 28.0105745°, -82.5773193° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.0105745,"lon":-82.5773193,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

400

Energy Use and Carbon Emissions: Non-OECD Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Non-OECD Non-OECD Countries December 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts Energy Use and Carbon Emissions: Non-OECD Countries was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Energy Markets and End Use (EMEU). General questions concerning the content of the report may be referred to W. Calvin Kilgore (202-586-1617), Director of EMEU; Mark Rodekohr (202-586-1130), Director of Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division; or Derriel Cato (202-586-6574),

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

402

Country Club, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Club, Florida: Energy Resources Country Club, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 25.9481487°, -80.3169953° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25.9481487,"lon":-80.3169953,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

403

Chattahoochee Hill Country, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country, Georgia: Energy Resources Country, Georgia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 31.721548°, -83.2599068° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.721548,"lon":-83.2599068,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

404

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG March 14, 2013 Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino Las Vegas, Nevada MEETING OVERVIEW The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy (IE) hosted an Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) Meeting on Thursday, March 14, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nevada. IE solicited nominations for new members to ICEIWG-current, new and potential new members, as well as other tribal leaders and intertribal organization representatives were encouraged to attend. PARTICIPANTS ICEIWG Members Barney Enos, District 4 Councilman, Gila River Indian Community Jim Manion, General Manager of Warm Springs Power, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation William Micklin, CEO, Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians

405

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG June 21, 2012 GOLDEN, COLORADO National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 AGENDA MEETING ROOM - NREL ROOM 344C THURSDAY, JUNE 21, 2012 9:00am MEET IN HOTEL LOBBY Denver Marriott West Hotel 1717 Denver West Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 The hotel will provide a shuttle to take the group to NREL. Please be in the hotel lobby by 9:00am. Continental breakfast will be served onsite. 9:30am - 12:00pm WELCOME, INTRODUCTIONS & REVIEW OF AGENDA Tracey LeBeau, Director, U.S. DOE Office of Indian Energy INTRODUCTION OF ICEIWG MEMBERS New and current working group members will have the opportunity to introduce themselves and to share their tribe's expertise and interests in Indian

406

Distributed Generation Study/VIP Country Club | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

VIP Country Club VIP Country Club < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location New Rochelle, New York Site Description Commercial-Other Study Type Long-term Monitoring Technology Microturbine Prime Mover Capstone C60 Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Natural Gas System Installer Advanced Power Systems System Enclosure Indoor System Application Combined Heat and Power Number of Prime Movers 3 Stand-alone Capability Seamless Power Rating 180 kW0.18 MW 180,000 W 180,000,000 mW 1.8e-4 GW 1.8e-7 TW Nominal Voltage (V) 480 Heat Recovery Rating (BTU/hr) 750000 Cooling Capacity (Refrig/Tons) Origin of Controller Manufacturer-Integrated Component Integration Factory Integrated Start Date 2006/01/24 Monitoring Termination Date 1969/12/31 Primary Power Application Based Load

407

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Background Check Information College of Nursing Advisement Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(NOT Country) Tables of Counties State County Fee California Del Norte $15 Humbolt $15 Imperial $15 listed below have the same county. If your current address has a different county than your previous address you must pay $41.00. If you are from any of the counties in the below tables you have additional

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

409

Inexpensive passive samplers capture POPs data in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passive air samplers are particularly suitable for capturing POPs data in developing countries because they can operate without electricity and are much less expensive than the high-volume samplers conventionally used to capture POPs data. ... The GAPS data in the ES&T paper are the first to present a coherent big picture of the atmospheric occurrence and distribution of POPs on a global scale, says Knut Breivik with the Norwegian Institute for Air Research. ...

Kellyn Betts

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

410

Captive power plants and industrial sector in the developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The electrical power and energy is essential for the industrial sector of the countries which are transferring its social structure to the industry oriented one from the agrarian society. In Asian countries, this kind of transformation has actively been achieved in this century starting from Japan and followed by Korea, Taiwan, and it is more actively achieved in the countries of Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippine, India and China(PRC) in these days. It is valuable to review the effective utilizing of Power and Energy in the industrial sector of the developing countries. In this paper, it is therefore focussed to the captive power plants comparing those of utility companies such as government owned electrical power company and independent power company. It is noticed that major contribution to the electrical power generation in these days is largely dependent on the fossil fuel such as coal, oil and gas which are limited in source. Fossil energy reserves are assumed 1,194 trillion cubic meters or about 1,182 billion barrels of oil equivalent for natural gas 1,009 billion barrels for oil and at least 930 billion tons for coal in the world. According to the statistic data prepared by the World Energy Council, the fossil fuel contribution to electrical power generation records 92.3% in 1970 and 83.3% in 1990 in the world wide. Primary energy source for electrical power generation is shown in figure 1. It is therefore one of the most essential task of human being on how to utilize the limited fossil energy effectively and how to maximize the thermal efficiency in transferring the fossil fuel to usable energy either electrical power and energy or thermal energy of steam or hot/chilled water.

Lee, Rim-Taig [Hyundai Engineering Co. (Korea, Republic of)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Evaluation of collared peccary translocations in the Texas Hill Country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Country using translocations. The potential benefits of translocations include establishing source populations (Nielsen 1988) for the further expansion of peccaries into their historic range. The usefulness of translocations in the restoration... of collared peccaries, however, has not been evaluated. 1 Translocations have been used in the restoration of mid- to large-sized mammal populations in many areas of the United States (Nielsen 1988). For example, use of translocations for Sitka black...

Porter, Brad Alan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

413

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Measurement of Neutron Background at the Pyhasalmi mine for CUPP Project, Finland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A natural neutron flux is one of significant kind of background in high-sensitive underground experiments. Therefore, when scheduling a delicate underground measurements one needs to measure neutron background. Deep underground the most significant source of neutrons are the U-Th natural radioactive chains giving a fission spectrum with the temperature of 2-3 MeV. Another source is the U-Th alpha-reactions on light nuclei of mine rock giving neutrons with different spectra in the 1-15 MeV energy region. Normal basalt mine rocks contain 1 ppm g/g of U-238 and less. Deep underground those rocks produce natural neutron fluxes of 10^{-7} - 10^{-6} cm^{-2}s^{-1} above 1 MeV. To measure such a background one needs a special techniques. In the Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow, the neutron spectrometer was developed and built which is sensitive to such a low neutron fluxes. At the end of 2001 the collection of neutron data at the Pyhasalmi mine was started for the CUPP project. During 2002 the background and rough energy spectra of neutron at underground levels 410, 660, 990 and 1410 m were measured. The result of the measurement of the neutron background at different levels of the Pyhasalmi mine is presented and discussed. Data analysis is performed in different energy ranges from thermal neutrons up to 25 MeV and above.

J. N. Abdurashitov; V. N. Gavrin; V. L. Matushko; A. A. Shikhin; V. E. Yants; J. Peltoniemi; T. Keranen

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

416

Spinning Test Particle in Kalb-Ramond background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we explore the geodesic deviations of spinning test particles in a string inspired Einstein-Kalb Ramond background. Such a background is known to be equivalent to a spacetime geometry with torsion. We have shown here that the antisymmetric Kalb-Ramond field has significant effect on the geodesic deviation of a spinning test particle. A search for an observational evidence of such an effect in astrophysical experiments may lead to a better undestanding of the geometry of the background spacetime.

Debaprasad Maity; Soumitra SenGupta; Sourav Sur

2005-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

417

Sakai-Sugimoto model in D0-D4 background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We add smeared D0 charges to the D4 background and discuss the Sakai-Sugimoto model under this background. The corresponding gauge theory is in a state with an expectation value of ?tr(F??F??)?. The D8-branes go less deep than in the original S-S model and massless Goldstones are still found in the spectrum. The effects of this condensate on the meson spectra, pion decay constant, and couplings of the vector mesons and Goldstones in this background state are then investigated.

Chao Wu; Zhiguang Xiao; Da Zhou

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

418

Alternative treaty monitoring approaches using ultra-low background measurement technology  

SciTech Connect

The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty includes a network of stations and laboratories for collection and analysis of radioactive aerosols. Alternative approaches to IMS operations are considered as a method of enhancing treaty verification. Ultra-low background (ULB) detection promises the possibility of improvements to IMS minimum detectable activities (MDAs) well below the current approach, requiring MDAp30 mBq/m3 of air for 140Ba, or about 106 fissions per daily sample.

Miley, Harry S.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Fast, James E.; Hayes, James C.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Keillor, Martin E.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Seifert, Allen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Background gamma terrestrial dose rate in Nigerian functional coal mines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......444-448 (2003). 12. Nakaoka, A., Fukushima, M. and Shinji, T. Environmental...TERRESTRIAL DOSE RATE IN NIGERIAN MINES N d Aerial ropeway Figure 2. Surface background...444 448 (2003). 12. Nakaoka, A., Fukushima, M. and Shinji, T. Environmental......

C. E. Mokobia; F. A. Balogun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

EXTRAGALACTIC VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY BACKGROUND  

SciTech Connect

We study the origin of the extragalactic diffuse gamma-ray background using the data from the Fermi telescope. To estimate the background level, we count photons at high Galactic latitudes |b| > 60 Degree-Sign . Subtracting photons associated with known sources and the residual cosmic-ray and Galactic diffuse backgrounds, we estimate the extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGB) flux. We find that the spectrum of EGB in the very high energy band above 30 GeV follows the stacked spectrum of BL Lac objects. Large Area Telescope data reveal the positive (1 + z) {sup k}, 1 < k < 4 cosmological evolution of the BL Lac source population consistent with that of their parent population, Fanaroff-Riley type I radio galaxies. We show that EGB at E > 30 GeV could be completely explained by emission from unresolved BL Lac objects if k {approx_equal} 3.

Neronov, A. [ISDC Data Center for Astrophysics, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix (Switzerland); Semikoz, D. V. [APC, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

1 Mathematical Background 1 1.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contents 1 Mathematical Background 1 1.1 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Computability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.4 Probability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.5 Exercises and Problems

Goodman, James R.

422

1 Introduction 1 1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Our Goal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.3 ICSI's HMM/ANN Hybrid Speech Recognition System . . . . . . . . 2 1.4 What is Multi­band Processing

Mirghafori, N. Nikki

423

QCD background for the UA1 W?tb signal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ccX and bbX background affecting the W?tb e/?+2 jets signal reported by the UA1 Collaboration is discussed. Calculations are based on an O(?s 2)+leading-pole approximation scheme, which includes jet radiation in the initial and final states of the hard binary parton process, and include the heavy-flavor excitation contribution, the stability of which has been checked. The main conclusions are the following. (i) Selection cuts naturally induce a topological event structure on the surviving background mimicking that expected for a W?tb signal. (ii) The background rates for ?+2 jets events, on which we concentrate, are compatible within theoretical uncertainties with the number of events experimentally observed. The importance of purely leptonic decay modes, which survive the lepton-isolation cuts, and the bias induced by lepton-isolation cuts on background event topologies are also clarified.

A. Grosso and R. Odorico

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

GammaSense: Infrastructureless Positioning Using Background Radioactivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce the harvesting of natural background radioactivity for positioning. Using a standard Geiger-Mller counter as sensor, we fingerprint the natural levels of gamma radiation with the aim of then roughly pinpointing the position of a client ...

Doina Bucur; Mikkel Baun Kjrgaard

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Simulation of PEP-II Accelerator Backgrounds Using TURTLE  

SciTech Connect

We present studies of accelerator-induced backgrounds in the BaBar detector at the SLAC B-Factory, carried out using LPTURTLE, a modified version of the DECAY TURTLE simulation package. Lost-particle backgrounds in PEP-II are dominated by a combination of beam-gas bremstrahlung, beam-gas Coulomb scattering, radiative-Bhabha events and beam-beam blow-up. The radiation damage and detector occupancy caused by the associated electromagnetic shower debris can limit the usable luminosity. In order to understand and mitigate such backgrounds, we have performed a full program of beam-gas and luminosity-background simulations, that include the effects of the detector solenoidal field, detailed modeling of limiting apertures in both collider rings, and optimization of the betatron collimation scheme in the presence of large transverse tails.

Barlow, R.J.; Fieguth, T.; /SLAC; Kozanecki, W.; /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay; Majewski, S.A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Roudeau, P.; Stocchi, A.; /Orsay, LAL

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Cosmic Near Infrared Background: Remnant Light from Early Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The redshifted ultraviolet light from early stars at z ~ 10 contributes to the cosmic near infrared background. We present detailed calculations of its spectrum with various assumptions about metallicity and mass spectrum of early stars. We show that if the near infrared background has a stellar origin, metal-free stars are not the only explanation of the excess near infrared background; stars with metals (e.g. Z=1/50 Z_sun) can produce the same amount of background intensity as the metal-free stars. We quantitatively show that the predicted average intensity at 1-2 microns is essentially determined by the efficiency of nuclear burning in stars, which is not very sensitive to metallicity. We predict \

Elizabeth Fernandez; Eiichiro Komatsu

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

427

Muon-Induced Backgrounds in Double Chooz Emily Conover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to scintillator 8 MeV n capture energy, 30µs backgrounds due to muons remain E¯e = Ee+ + 10-40keV En + 1.8MeMuon-Induced Backgrounds in Double Chooz Emily Conover University of Chicago Second Thesis and Stopped Muons 9Li and 8He 3. Double Chooz Results 4. Conclusions Timeline/Future work Emily Conover (Univ

428

The X-ray background and the evolution of AGN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the constraints on the AGN evolution from the cosmic X-ray background and source counts. A synthesis model to fit the X-ray background is presented. In the model, the spectrum of type 2 AGN has been modeled including Compton down--scattering within the absorbing material. Besides, we introduced a dependence on redshift of the relative number of obscured sources and found a decrease of the fraction of type 2 AGN at redshifts larger than 2.

Fulvio Pompilio; Fabio La Franca; Giorgio Matt

1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

429

Muon-induced backgrounds in the CUORICINO experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To better understand the contribution of cosmic ray muons to the CUORICINO background, 10 plastic scintillator detectors were installed at the CUORICINO site and operated during the final 3 months of the experiment. From these measurements, an upper limit of 0.0021 counts/(keV kg yr) (95% CL) was obtained on the cosmic ray-induced background in the neutrinoless double beta decay region of interest. The measurements were also compared to Geant4 simulations.

E. Andreotti; C. Arnaboldi; F. T. Avignone III; M. Balata; I. Bandac; M. Barucci; J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; T. Bloxham; C. Brofferio; A. Bryant; C. Bucci; L. Canonica; S. Capelli; L. Carbone; M. Carrettoni; M. Clemenza; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; S. Di Domizio; M. J. Dolinski; L. Ejzak; R. Faccini; H. A. Farach; E. Ferri; F. Ferroni; E. Fiorini; L. Foggetta; A. Giachero; L. Gironi; A. Giuliani; P. Gorla; E. Guardincerri; T. D. Gutierrez; E. E. Haller; R. Kadel; K. Kazkaz; S. Kraft; L. Kogler; Yu. G. Kolomensky; C. Maiano; R. H. Maruyama; C. Martinez; M. Martinez; L. Mizouni; S. Morganti; S. Nisi; C. Nones; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; F. Orio; M. Pallavicini; V. Palmieri; L. Pattavina; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; L. Risegari; C. Rosenfeld; C. Rusconi; C. Salvioni; S. Sangiorgio; D. Schaeffer; N. D. Scielzo; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; C. Tomei; G. Ventura; M. Vignati

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

430

Kinematic interpretation of string instability in a background gravitational field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unstable regime in which the string oscillating modes develop imaginary frequencies is shown to be characterized, kinematically, by a positive relative acceleration among the different points of the string. Instability occurs when this acceleration, induced by the background curvature, is large enough to make the extension of the corresponding causally connected region smaller than the string maximal size. This kinematic characterization is applied, in particular, to discuss string instability in a static and spherically symmetric gravitational background.

M. Gasperini

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Measurement of low radioactivity background in a high voltage cable by high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

The measurement of naturally occurring low level radioactivity background in a high voltage (HV) cable by high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR ICP MS) is presented in this work. The measurements were performed at the Chemistry Service of the Gran Sasso National Laboratory. The contributions to the radioactive background coming from the different components of the heterogeneous material were separated. Based on the mass fraction of the cable, the whole contamination was calculated. The HR ICP MS results were cross-checked by gamma ray spectroscopy analysis that was performed at the low background facility STELLA (Sub Terranean Low Level Assay) of the LNGS underground lab using HPGe detectors.

Vacri, M. L. di; Nisi, S.; Balata, M. [Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Chemistry Service, SS 17bis km 18.910, 67100 Assergi (Aq) (Italy)] [Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Chemistry Service, SS 17bis km 18.910, 67100 Assergi (Aq) (Italy)

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

432

Play Fairway Analysis Poster Session  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Geothermal Technologies Office invested $4 million in ten projects to advance and adapt play fairway analysis. Selected awards span the country, from the Aleutian arc in Alaska to the...

433

Cooperation in nuclear data evaluation among the OECD countries  

SciTech Connect

In the fall of 1988, agreement was reached on a collaborative effort between the four nuclear data evaluation projects which exist within the OECD countries. Those projects participating in this effort are the ENDF/B project in the United States, the JENDL project in Japan and the JEF and EFF projects in Western Europe. The cooperation among these projects has been proceeding under the sponsorship of the NEA Committee on Reactor Physics and the NEA Nuclear Data Committee since 1989. The goals and accomplishments of the Working Group on Evaluation Cooperation and the work of its seven ongoing projects are briefly described. 6 refs.

Dunford, C.L. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Kikuchi, Y. (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)); Salvatores, M. (CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

AVTA: Chrysler Town and Country 2011 Experimental PHEV Testing Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

435

The status of energy planning in five Central American countries  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the current status of national energy planning in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. A framework is provided that divides energy planning activities into two broad categories: the fundamental tasks'' and the bounding conditions.'' The fundamental tasks of energy planning include the gathering and systematizing of data, conducting energy situation analyses and short- or long-term planning for the country, and defining and implementing national energy plans. While the bonding conditions are situations that preclude completion of fundamental tasks, such as level of technical expertise. 20 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Booth, S.R.; Fonseca, M.G.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

437

Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): Country Studies, United Arab Emirates Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

438

Evaluation of Ultra-Low Background Materials for Uranium and Thorium Using ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect

An increasing number of physics experiments require low background materials for their construction. The presence of Uranium and Thorium and their progeny in these materials present a variety of unwanted background sources for these experiments. The sensitivity of the experiments continues to drive the necessary levels of detection ever lower as well. This requirement for greater sensitivity has rendered direct radioassay impractical in many cases requiring large quantities of material, frequently many kilograms, and prolonged counting times, often months. Other assay techniques have been employed such as Neutron Activation Analysis but this requires access to expensive facilities and instrumentation and can be further complicated and delayed by the formation of unwanted radionuclides. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a useful tool and recent advancements have increased the sensitivity particularly in the elemental high mass range of U and Th. Unlike direct radioassay, ICP-MS is a destructive technique since it requires the sample to be in liquid form which is aspirated into a high temperature plasma. But it benefits in that it usually requires a very small sample, typically about a gram. Here we will discuss how a variety of low background materials such as copper, polymers, and fused silica are made amenable to ICP-MS assay and how the arduous task of maintaining low backgrounds of U and Th is achieved.

Hoppe, Eric W.; Overman, Nicole R.; LaFerriere, Brian D.

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

439

Astroparticle Physics with a Customized Low-Background Broad Energy Germanium Detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MAJORANA Collaboration is building the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, a 60 kg array of high purity germanium detectors housed in an ultra-low background shield at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge while demonstrating the feasibility of a tonne-scale experiment. It may also carry out a dark matter search in the 1-10 GeV/c^2 mass range. We have found that customized Broad Energy Germanium (BEGe) detectors produced by Canberra have several desirable features for a neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment, including low electronic noise, excellent pulse shape analysis capabilities, and simple fabrication. We have deployed a customized BEGe, the MAJORANA Low-Background BEGe at Kimballton (MALBEK), in a low-background cryostat and shield at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility in Virginia. This paper will focus on the detector characteristics and measurements that can be performed with such a radiation detector in a low-background environment.

MAJORANA Collaboration; C. E. Aalseth; M. Amman; F. T. Avignone III; H. O. Back; A. S. Barabash; P. S. Barbeau; M. Bergevin; F. E. Bertrand; M. Boswell; V. Brudanin; W. Bugg; T. H. Burritt; M. Busch; G. Capps; Y-D. Chan; J. I. Collar; R. J. Cooper; R. Creswick; J. A. Detwiler; J. Diaz; P. J. Doe; Yu. Efremenko; V. Egorov; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; J. Ely; J. Esterline; H. Farach; J. E. Fast; N. Fields; P. Finnerty; B. Fujikawa; E. Fuller; V. M. Gehman; G. K. Giovanetti; V. E. Guiseppe; K. Gusey; A. L. Hallin; G. C Harper; R. Hazama; R. Henning; A. Hime; E. W. Hoppe; T. W. Hossbach; M. A. Howe; R. A. Johnson; K. J. Keeter; M. Keillor; C. Keller; J. D. Kephart; M. F. Kidd; A. Knecht; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; R. T. Kouzes; L. Leviner; J. C. Loach; P. N. Luke; S. MacMullin; M. G. Marino; R. D. Martin; D. -M. Mei; H. S. Miley; M. L. Miller; L. Mizouni; A. W. Meyers; M. Nomachi; J. L. Orrell; D. Peterson; D. G. Phillips II; A. W. P. Poon; G. Prior; J. Qian; D. C. Radford; K. Rielage; R. G. H. Robertson; L. Rodriguez; K. P. Rykaczewski; H. Salazar; A. G. Schubert; T. Shima; M. Shirchenko; D. Steele; J. Strain; G. Swift; K. Thomas; V. Timkin; W. Tornow; T. D. Van Wechel; I. Vanyushin; R. L. Varner; K. Vetter; J. F. Wilkerson; B. A. Wolfe; W. Xiang; E. Yakushev; H. Yaver; A. R. Young; C. -H. Yu; V. Yumatov; C. Zhang; S. Zimmerman

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

440

No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March » March » Man-Made Radioactivity For Los Alamos area No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area Two aerial flyovers found that radioisotopes and their associated exposure rates are consistent with those expected from normal background radiation. March 19, 2013 High southwest aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory (left) and Los Alamos townsite (middle and right). High southwest aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory (left) and Los Alamos townsite (middle and right). The results are good news and the information will benefit the Lab and the community for years to come as we work toward cleanup and sustainability. Two aerial flyovers of the Los Alamos area to determine the presence of background and manmade radioactivity found that radioisotopes and their

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS IN LUCKEY, OHIO October 27, 1989 Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program Prepared by: R.F. Weston/Office of Technical Services BACKGROUND REVIEW OF THE BRUSH BERYLLIUM AND DIAMOND MAGNESIUM PLANTS IN LUCKEY, OHIO INTRODUCTION The Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a program to identify and examine the radiological conditions at sites used in the early years of nuclear energy development by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineer's Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). This program, the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), is administered by the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy through the

442

Direct Imaging of Exoplanets Without Background Subtraction: Implications for ELTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ultra-high contrast capability required to form images of other solar systems is arguably the highest-profile challenge in astronomy today. The current high-contrast imaging efforts all require background subtraction to separate the planetary image from the image of the host star. Background estimation is difficult due to the presence of non-common path aberrations (NCPAs) that change with time. The only major source of information that is not being utilized by current efforts is the random encoding of the planetary image and the NCPAs by the atmosphere on millisecond time-scales. Here, a method that utilizes this information in order to avoid background subtraction altogether is proposed. This new paradigm will allow simultaneous estimation of the time-dependent NCPAs and the planetary image via rigorous statistical inference procedures. These procedures are fully compatible with other information sources, such as diurnal field rotation and spectral diversity. Given the open-ended nature of the backgroun...

Frazin, Richard A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The local potential approximation in the background field formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Working within the familiar local potential approximation, and concentrating on the example of a single scalar field in three dimensions, we show that the commonly used approximation method of identifying the total and background fields, leads to pathologies in the resulting fixed point structure and the associated spaces of eigenoperators. We then show how a consistent treatment of the background field through the corresponding modified shift Ward identity, can cure these pathologies, restoring universality of physical quantities with respect to the choice of dependence on the background field, even within the local potential approximation. Along the way we point out similarities to what has been previously found in the f(R) approximation in asymptotic safety for gravity.

I. Hamzaan Bridle; Juergen A. Dietz; Tim R. Morris

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

444

Reducing backgrounds in the higgs factory muon collider detector  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary design of the 125-GeV Higgs Factory (HF) Muon Collider (MC) has identified an enormous background loads on the HF detector. This is related to the twelve times higher muon decay probability at HF compared to that previously studied for the 1.5-TeV MC. As a result of MARS15 optimization studies, it is shown that with a carefully designed protection system in the interaction region, in the machine-detector interface and inside the detector one can reduce the background rates to a manageable level similar to that achieved for the optimized 1.5-TeV case. The main characteristics of the HF detector background are presented for the configuration found.

Mokhov, N. V.; Tropin, I. S.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/d/d1/LCCG Country: China, Indonesia, Poland, Mexico, South Africa, India Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Southern Africa, Southern Asia References: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries[1]

446

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

447

Wind Resources by Class and Country At 50m - Datasets - OpenEI...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Resources by Class and Country At 50m These estimates are derived from a composite of high resolution wind resource datasets modeled for specific countries with low resolution...

448

Reflections on the development of health economics in low- and middle-income countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 54 Mills...case-study from Thailand. Health Policy 51, 163-180...Creating markets in hospital care: the adoption of developed country health sector reforms by developing countries...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Guilty by stereotypic association: Country animosity and brand prejudice and discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between country image and brand image (Han 1989). The CoO ofperceptions of the brands image. As advocated in previousR. W. (2007). Country image and consumer-based brand equity:

Russell, Cristel Antonia; Russell, Dale W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Economic freedom in Muslim countries: an explanation using the theory of institutional path dependency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Economic freedom in Muslim countries: an explanation using the theory of institutional path dependency Abstract. This article explains the level of economic freedom in Muslim countries through, on the world of institutional possibilities. Keywords Economic freedom, colonisation, imaginary, Islam

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

The contribution of mobile telecommunication technology to sustainable development in selected countries in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While most of the world's population resides in countries that are wealthy or developing, the rest reside in low-income and least developed countries (LDCs), left behind and growing more disconnected. At the same time, ...

Shih, Alexander (Alexander En-Tzu)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Alternative Energy Development in Indian Country: Lighting the Way for the Seventh Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies increasingly show that Indian country may be uniquely positioned to develop alternative energy. Indian country in general constitutes a significant portion of land in the United States. In recognition of the increasing interest...

Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June 26, 2012 June 26, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The third in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views

454

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 25, 2012 October 25, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The fifth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the U.S. Government. The views in this report, therefore, should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or

455

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

August 24, 2012 August 24, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The fourth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the U.S. Government. The views in this

456

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

April 27, 2012 April 27, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The second in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views

457

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

December 20, 2012 December 20, 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The sixth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the U.S. Government. The views in this report, therefore, should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or

458

Gravitational-Wave Stochastic Background from Cosmic Strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the stochastic background of gravitational waves produced by a network of cosmic strings and assess their accessibility to current and planned gravitational wave detectors, as well as to big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), cosmic microwave background (CMB), and pulsar timing constraints. We find that current data from interferometric gravitational wave detectors, such as Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO), are sensitive to areas of parameter space of cosmic string models complementary to those accessible to pulsar, BBN, and CMB bounds. Future more sensitive LIGO runs and interferometers such as Advanced LIGO and Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) will be able to explore substantial parts of the parameter space.

Xavier Siemens; Vuk Mandic; Jolien Creighton

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

459

Radiative emission of neutrino pair free of quantum electrodynamic backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A scheme of quantum electrodynamic (QED) background-free radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP) is proposed in order to achieve precision determination of neutrino properties so far not accessible. The important point for the background rejection is the fact that the dispersion relation between wave vector along propagating direction in wave guide (and in a photonic-crystal type fiber) and frequency is modified by a discretized non-vanishing effective mass. This effective mass acts as a cutoff of allowed frequencies, and one may select the RENP photon energy region free of all macro-coherently amplified QED processes by choosing the cutoff larger than the mass of neutrinos.

Yoshimura, M; Tanaka, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Connection between the pinch technique and the background field method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The connection between the pinch technique and the background field method is further explored. We show by explicit calculations that the application of the pinch technique in the framework of the background field method gives rise to exactly the same results as in the linear renormalizable gauges. The general method for extending the pinch technique to the case of Greens functions with off-shell fermions as incoming particles is presented. As an example, the one-loop gauge-independent quark self-energy is constructed. We briefly discuss the possibility that the gluonic Greens functions, obtained by either method, correspond to physical quantities.

Joannis Papavassiliou

1995-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "background analysis country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Radiative emission of neutrino pair free of quantum electrodynamic backgrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A scheme of quantum electrodynamic (QED) background-free radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP) is proposed in order to achieve precision determination of neutrino properties so far not accessible. The important point for the background rejection is the fact that the dispersion relation between wave vector along propagating direction in wave guide (and in a photonic-crystal type fiber) and frequency is modified by a discretized non-vanishing effective mass. This effective mass acts as a cutoff of allowed frequencies, and one may select the RENP photon energy region free of all macro-coherently amplified QED processes by choosing the cutoff larger than the mass of neutrinos.

M. Yoshimura; N. Sasao; M. Tanaka

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Beam-Induced Backgrounds in the CLIC Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beam parameters of the proposed CLIC linear electron-positron collider with a centre-of-mass energy of up to 3 TeV will lead to high rates of beam-induced background events. In this note simulation studies of ?? ? hadron interactions and of incoherent electron-positron pair production are presented. The CLIC detector concepts and their optimisation to reduce background occupancies are described. The characteristics of the events are discussed and resulting occupancies and energy deposits, as well as expected levels of both total ionising dose and displacement damage in the detectors are discussed.

Dannheim, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Cosmic Microwave Background: Beyond the Power Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much recent work on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) has focussed on the angular power spectrum of temperature anisotropies and particularly on the recovery of cosmological parameters from acoustic peaks in the power spectrum. However, there is more that can conceivably be done with CMB measurements. Here I briefly survey a few such ideas: cross-correlation with other cosmic backgrounds as a probe of the density of the Universe; CMB polarization as a gravitational-wave detector; secondary anisotropies and the ionization history of the Universe; tests of alternative-gravity theories; polarization, the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, and cosmic variance; and tests for a neutrino mass.

Marc Kamionkowski

1998-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

464

Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background Fact Sheet Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions At the direction of Energy Secretary Steven Chu, over many months, the Energy Department (DOE) has been working closely with Energy Northwest (ENW), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), and USEC Inc. (USEC) to develop a plan to address the challenges at USEC's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) that advances America's national security interests, protects taxpayers, and provides benefits for TVA and the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) electric ratepayers and business operations. BPA is ENW's sole customer, purchasing 100 percent of ENW's Columbia Generating Station's electric power as part of BPA's overall

465

NREL: Energy Analysis - Wesley Cole  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and integration Design and analysis of sustainable energy systems Impacts of the natural gas supply chain on renewable energy technologies Education and background training Ph.D....

466

Energy for all: Obstacles and success conditions for RE in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many developing countries there is a much larger potential for renewables like wind and solar energy than in industrialised countries. But there are obstacles that prevent the adoption of such new renewables in developing countries. Ulrich Laumanns and Danyel Reiche try to identify the most important obstacles and point to success conditions that can lead to a wider dissemination of new renewables in developing countries.

Ulrich Laumanns; Danyel Reiche

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

State-of-the-art of fast pyrolysis in IEA bioenergy member countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fast pyrolysis of biomass is becoming increasingly important in some member countries of the International Energy Agency (IEA). Six countries have joined the IEA Task 34 of the Bioenergy Activity: Canada, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, UK, and USA. The National Task Leaders give an overview of the current activities in their countries both on research, pilot and demonstration level.

Dietrich Meier; Bert van de Beld; Anthony V. Bridgwater; Douglas C. Elliott; Anja Oasmaa; Fernando Preto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

469

Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia Ethiopia Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

470

Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

471

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

472

Ranking the Economic Importance of Countries and Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the current era of worldwide stock market interdependencies, the global financial village has become increasingly vulnerable to systemic collapse. The recent global financial crisis has highlighted the necessity of understanding and quantifying interdependencies among the world's economies, developing new effective approaches to risk evaluation, and providing mitigating solutions. We present a methodological framework for quantifying interdependencies in the global market and for evaluating risk levels in the world-wide financial network. The resulting information will enable policy and decision makers to better measure, understand, and maintain financial stability. We use the methodology to rank the economic importance of each industry and country according to the global damage that would result from their failure. Our quantitative results shed new light on China's increasing economic dominance over other economies, including that of the USA, to the global economy.

Li, Wei; Yamasaki, Kazuko; Stanley, H Eugene; Havlin, Shlomo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Anisotropy of the Microwave Background to l = 3500: Deep Field Observations with the Cosmic Background Imager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation over the multipole range l ~ 200 - 3500 with the Cosmic Background Imager based on deep observations of three fields. These results confirm the drop in power with increasing l first reported in earlier measurements with this instrument, and extend the observations of this decline in power out to l \\~ 2000. The decline in power is consistent with the predicted damping of primary anisotropies. At larger multipoles, l = 2000 - 3500, the power is 3.1 sigma greater than standard models for intrinsic microwave background anisotropy in this multipole range, and 3.5 sigma greater than zero. This excess power is not consistent with expected levels of residual radio source contamination but, for sigma_8 >~ 1, is consistent with predicted levels due to a secondary Sunyaev-Zeldovich anisotropy. Further observations are necessary to confirm the level of this excess and, if confirmed, determine its origin.

B. S. Mason; T. J. Pearson; A. C. S. Readhead; M. C. Shepherd; J. L. Sievers; P. S. Udomprasert; J. K. Cartwright; A. J. Farmer; S. Padin; S. T. Myers; J. R. Bond; C. R. Contaldi; U. -L. Pen; S. Prunet; D. Pogosyan; J. E. Carlstrom; J. Kovac; E. M. Leitch; C. Pryke; N. W. Halverson; W. L. Holzapfel; P. Altamirano; L. Bronfman; S. Casassus; J. May; M. Joy

2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

474

Origin of the High Energy Cosmic Neutrino Background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffuse background of very high energy extraterrestrial neutrinos recently discovered with IceCube is compatible with that expected from cosmic ray interactions in the Galactic interstellar medium plus that expected from hadronic interactions near the source and in the intergalactic medium of the cosmic rays which have been accelerated by the jets that produce gamma ray bursts.

Shlomo Dado and Arnon Dar

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

475

Rev. January 30, 2012 1 REFERENCE and BACKGROUND CHECK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rev. January 30, 2012 1 REFERENCE and BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS HUMAN RESOURCES Workforce Planning, as allowed by law, and consistent with the job described. The appropriate Workforce Planning Analyst the documentation. (Please note that the review will take place in Human Resources, under a Workforce Planning

Eirinaki, Magdalini

476

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety I. Background. Due to the nature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety I. Background. Due to the nature of gas cylinders hazards of a ruptured cylinder. There are almost 200 different types of materials in gas cylinders, there are several general procedures to follow for safe storage and handling of a compressed gas cylinder: II

Suzuki, Masatsugu

477

3.5 Nanowire Sensors 3.5.1 Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

117 3.5 Nanowire Sensors 3.5.1 Background Nanowires are solid, rod-like materials with diameters that similar commercial products will eventually be available. 3.5.2 Description Nanowire sensors have et al. 2003). A comprehensive review of current research activities on chemical sensors based

478

STRING LOOPS IN BACKGROUND FIELDS Scott Alan Yost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

excellent collaborators. They have made my stay at Princeton very productive and enjoyable. I thank E. LiebSTRING LOOPS IN BACKGROUND FIELDS Scott Alan Yost A dissertation presented to the faculty formalism. ii #12;Acknowledgements I would like to thank my advisor, Chiara Nappi, for her support, advice

Yost, Scott

479

1 Background 1.1 Topic of research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Background 1.1 Topic of research Mathematical quantitative tools (like probabil- ity theory analyses on the basis of these meth- ods. 1.2 Academic and industrial con- text Interference in a security section 1.3). Applications of this work can be found in large scale, mission critical, security related

Hunt, Sebastian

480

An array of low-background 3 He proportional counters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a mixture of 3 He and CF4 gas capable of detecting the neutrons liberated by the neutrino-deuteron neutral current reaction in the D2O, and four strings filled with a mixture of 4 He and CF4 gas for background

Waltham, Chris

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481

Observation of objects under intense plasma background illumination  

SciTech Connect

Experiments on the observation of a brightness-amplified image of an object through a masking arc discharge are presented. The copper-vapor laser active medium was used as an image brightness amplifier. It is shown that the image quality does not worsen under plasma background illumination.

Buzhinsky, R. O.; Savransky, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Natural Science Center, Prokhorov Institute of General Physics (Russian Federation); Zemskov, K. I.; Isaev, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation); Buzhinsky, O. I. [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since 1977 the University of Oregon Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of utilities headed by the Eugene Water and Electric Board initiated the Re- gional Solar Radiation Monitoring2 II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since 1977 the University of Oregon Solar Monitoring Laboratory has operated a solar radiation monitoring network in the Pacific Northwest. The number of stations participat

Oregon, University of

483

MARSAME Appendix B B. SOURCES OF BACKGROUND RADIOACTIVITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consideration is given to issues associated with technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive reports on Exposure of the Population in the United States and Canada from Natural Background Radiation.1 Terrestrial Radioactivity The naturally occurring forms of radioactive elements incorporated into the Earth

484

Seeing is Believing: It's All About the Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seeing is Believing: It's All About the Background Thomas Meade Eileen Foell Chair in Cancer may promise for the experimental and clinical settings. Speaker Bio Thomas Meade, Ph.D., Received BS of Technology in the laboratory of Professor Harry B. Gray. In 1991 he joined the Division of Biology

Zanibbi, Richard

485

Cosmic and Galactic Neutrino Backgrounds from Thermonuclear Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate energy spectra and fluxes at the Earth's surface of the cosmic and Galactic neutrino backgrounds produced by thermonuclear reactions in stars. The extra-galactic component is obtained by combining the most recent estimates of the cosmic star formation history and the stellar initial mass function with accurate theoretical predictions of the neutrino yields all over the thermonuclear lifetime of stars of different masses. Models of the structure and evolution of the Milky Way are used to derive maps of the expected flux generated by Galactic sources as a function of sky direction. The predicted neutrino backgrounds depend only slightly on model parameters. In the relevant 50 keV-10 MeV window, the total flux of cosmic neutrinos ranges between 20 and 65 particles per square cm per s. Neutrinos reaching the Earth today have been typically emitted at redshift z~2. Their energy spectrum peaks at E~0.1-0.3 MeV. The energy and entropy densities of the cosmic background are negligible with respect to the thermal contribution of relic neutrinos originated in the early universe. In every sky direction, the cosmic background is outnumbered by the Galactic one, whose integrated flux amounts to 300-1000 particles per square cm per s. The emission from stars in the Galactic disk contributes more than 95 per cent of the signal.

Cristiano Porciani; Silvia Petroni; Giovanni Fiorentini

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

486

Is natural background or radiation from nuclear power plants leukemogenic  

SciTech Connect

The objective in this review is to provide some facts about normal hemopoietic cell proliferation relevant to leukemogenesis, physical, chemical, and biological facts about radiation effects with the hope that each person will be able to decide for themselves whether background radiation or emissions from nuclear power plants and facilities significantly add to the spontaneous leukemia incidence. 23 refs., 1 tab.

Cronkite, E.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The prospects for polarized target materials with pure carbon background  

SciTech Connect

None of the materials presently in common use for polarized proton targets has a pure carbon nuclear background. The alcohols and diols contain some oxygen, and the ammonia and amine-based materials contain nitrogen and/or other noncarbon species. In the latter cases the noncarbon nuclei are measurably polarized as a concomitant of the process used to polarize the hydrogen nuclei. The relative simplicity of a pure carbon background would be advantageous for most types of scattering experiments and perhaps crucial for some. In addition to simplifying the kinematics of background events, pure carbon is relatively easy to prepare as a ``dummy`` target for background subtraction. Also, in such a target material, {sup 13}C-enrichment would yield a clean polarized {sup 13}C material. In this note I explore the possibilities for such materials, touching upon only what I consider to be the ``high`` points. The subject matter is capable of nearly endless ramification and speculation. In fact, owing to a general lack of relevant experimental data, even this relatively brief note contains much that is speculative to some degree.

Hill, D.A.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

488

The prospects for polarized target materials with pure carbon background  

SciTech Connect

None of the materials presently in common use for polarized proton targets has a pure carbon nuclear background. The alcohols and diols contain some oxygen, and the ammonia and amine-based materials contain nitrogen and/or other noncarbon species. In the latter cases the noncarbon nuclei are measurably polarized as a concomitant of the process used to polarize the hydrogen nuclei. The relative simplicity of a pure carbon background would be advantageous for most types of scattering experiments and perhaps crucial for some. In addition to simplifying the kinematics of background events, pure carbon is relatively easy to prepare as a dummy'' target for background subtraction. Also, in such a target material, [sup 13]C-enrichment would yield a clean polarized [sup 13]C material. In this note I explore the possibilities for such materials, touching upon only what I consider to be the high'' points. The subject matter is capable of nearly endless ramification and speculation. In fact, owing to a general lack of relevant experimental data, even this relatively brief note contains much that is speculative to some degree.

Hill, D.A.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

489

Overcoming a critical background to Higgs-boson detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that it may well be possible to overcome the jjW background to Higgs-boson detection in mixed hadronic-leptonic final decay channels, while maintaining substantial event rates, even for Higgs-boson masses as high as 1 TeV.

J. F. Gunion and M. Soldate

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Optimal strategies for gravitational wave stochastic background searches in pulsar timing data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low frequency stochastic background of gravitational waves may be detected by pulsar timing experiments in the next 5 to 10yr. Using methods developed to analyze interferometric gravitational wave data, in this paper we lay out the optimal techniques to detect a background of gravitational waves using a pulsar timing array. We show that for pulsar distances and gravitational wave frequencies typical of pulsar timing experiments, neglecting the effect of the metric perturbation at the pulsar does not result in a significant deviation from optimality. We discuss methods for setting upper limits using the optimal statistic, show how to construct skymaps using the pulsar timing array, and consider several issues associated with realistic analysis of pulsar timing data.

Melissa Anholm; Stefan Ballmer; Jolien D. E. Creighton; Larry R. Price; Xavier Siemens

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

491

Background information for programs to improve the energy efficiency of Northwest residential rental property  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared for the Office of Conservation, Bonneville Power Administration. The report will be used by the Office as background information to support future analysis and implementation of electricity conservation programs for owners of residential rental housing in the Northwest. The principal objective of the study was to review market research information relating to attitudes and actions of Northwest rental housing owners and, to a lesser extent, tenants toward energy conservation and energy-efficiency improvements. Available market research data on these subjects were found to be quite limited. The most useful data were two surveys of Seattle rental housing owners conducted in late 1984 for Seattle City Light. Several other surveys provided supplemental market research information in selected areas. In addition to market research information, the report also includes background information on rental housing characteristics in the Northwest.

Hendrickson, P.L.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Probing non-Gaussianities in the cosmic microwave background on an incomplete sky using surrogates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate the feasibility to generate surrogates by Fourier-based methods for an incomplete data set. This is performed for the case of a cosmic microwave background analysis, where astrophysical foreground emission, mainly present in the Galactic plane, is a major challenge. The shuffling of the Fourier phases for generating surrogates is now enabled by transforming the spherical harmonics into a new set of basis functions that are orthonormal on the cut sky. The results show that non-Gaussianities and hemispherical asymmetries in the cosmic microwave background as identified in several former investigations, can still be detected even when the complete Galactic plane (|b|<30) is removed. We conclude that the Galactic plane cannot be the dominant source for these anomalies. The results point towards a violation of statistical isotropy.

G. Rossmanith, H. Modest, C. Rth, A. J. Banday, K. M. Grski, and G. Morfill

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

494

DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces New Indian Country Energy and Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Members April 24, 2013 - 6:11pm Addthis Through the Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG), the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy works to collaborate with and seek out real-time tribal expertise and experiences representing obstacles and opportunities in energy and related infrastructure development as well as capacity building in Indian Country. The ICEIWG represents the Department's commitment to work collaboratively with Indian Country, and the goal of this active, ongoing dialogue is to reflect the priorities and needs of Indian Country to the Energy Secretary

495

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

496

Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Differential Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Laboratory Policy and Evaluation (LPE) LPE Home Staff M&O Contracts SC Laboratory Appraisal Process Laboratory Planning Process Work for Others in the Office of Science Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) DOE's Philosophy on LDRD Frequently Asked Questions Success Stories Brochures Additional Information LDRD Program Contacts Technology Transfer DOE National Laboratories Contact Information Laboratory Policy and Evaluation U.S. Department of Energy SC-32/Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5447 F: (202) 586-3119 Success Stories Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

497

Plane-parallel waves as duals of the flat background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a classification of non-Abelian T-duals of the flat metric in D=4 dimensions with respect to the four-dimensional continuous subgroups of the Poincare group. After dualizing the flat background, we identify majority of dual models as conformal sigma models in plane-parallel wave backgrounds, most of them having torsion. We give their form in Brinkmann coordinates. We find, besides the plane-parallel waves, several diagonalizable curved metrics with nontrivial scalar curvature and torsion. Using the non-Abelian T-duality, we find general solution of the classical field equations for all the sigma models in terms of d'Alembert solutions of the wave equation.

Ladislav Hlavaty; Ivo Petr

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

498

Performance Oversight Group: Background and Guidelines for Presenters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oversight Group: Oversight Group: Background and Guidelines for Presenters Carl Strawbridge Office of Integrated Planning and Performance Management (formerly OPPS) Dean Hoffer Office of Project Support Services (formerly OPMO) 1 11/29/2012 Overview * Why POG? * Background on Laboratory Changes to Project Management Processes * POG Charter - Purpose - Membership - Roles & Responsibilities - Procedures * POG pilot meeting agenda, December 10 * Discussion--Guidelines for Presenters * Questions/Clarifications/Suggestions 2 11/29/2012 Why POG * Fermilab is managing a large number of major scientific capital construction projects to meet the future science agenda for the lab - May be unique in this respect within the DOE complex * Existing project support and oversight mechanisms not suitable for

499

Type I background fields in terms of type IIB ones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We choose such boundary conditions for open IIB superstring theory which preserve N=1 SUSY. The explicite solution of the boundary conditions yields effective theory which is symmetric under world-sheet parity transformation $\\Omega:\\sigma\\to-\\sigma$. We recognize effective theory as closed type I superstring theory. Its background fields,beside known $\\Omega$ even fields of the initial IIB theory, contain improvements quadratic in $\\Omega$ odd ones.

B. Nikolic; B. Sazdovic

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

500

RESOLVING THE RADIO SOURCE BACKGROUND: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING THROUGH CONFUSION  

SciTech Connect

We used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to image one primary beam area at 3 GHz with 8'' FWHM resolution and 1.0 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} rms noise near the pointing center. The P(D) distribution from the central 10 arcmin of this confusion-limited image constrains the count of discrete sources in the 1 < S({mu}Jy) < 10 range. At this level, the brightness-weighted differential count S {sup 2} n(S) is converging rapidly, as predicted by evolutionary models in which the faintest radio sources are star-forming galaxies; and Almost-Equal-To 96% of the background originating in galaxies has been resolved into discrete sources. About 63% of the radio background is produced by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the remaining 37% comes from star-forming galaxies that obey the far-infrared (FIR)/radio correlation and account for most of the FIR background at {lambda} Almost-Equal-To 160 {mu}m. Our new data confirm that radio sources powered by AGNs and star formation evolve at about the same rate, a result consistent with AGN feedback and the rough correlation of black hole and stellar masses. The confusion at centimeter wavelengths is low enough that neither the planned Square Kilometre Array nor its pathfinder ASKAP EMU survey should be confusion limited, and the ultimate source detection limit imposed by 'natural' confusion is {<=}0.01 {mu}Jy at {nu} = 1.4 GHz. If discrete sources dominate the bright extragalactic background reported by ARCADE 2 at 3.3 GHz, they cannot be located in or near galaxies and most are {<=}0.03 {mu}Jy at 1.4 GHz.

Condon, J. J.; Cotton, W. D.; Fomalont, E. B.; Kellermann, K. I. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Miller, N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Perley, R. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Scott, D.; Vernstrom, T.; Wall, J. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1C1 (Canada)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z