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  1. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy Summit Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy...

  2. Kazakhstan's potential provides Western opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darnell, R. )

    1993-01-01

    While crude oil production continues to drop in the Russian Federation at a rate of 15% to 20% per year, Kazakhstan's output rose from 440,000 bopd in 1991 to 446,000 bopd, as of November 1992. Much of this increase was exported to the Russian Federation to supplement the latter's declining production. while Kazakhstan received needed Russian goods in exchange for this oil, it isn't getting the hard currency that will be required to upgrade its petroleum industry. This is a serious problem for Kazakh officials, since they are counting on revenues from petroleum exports to invigorate their overall plan for economic growth in this newly independent country. In order to convert Kazakhstan's hydrocarbon potential into economic reality, two critical issues must be addressed immediately. First, Kazakhstan must develop a tax and minerals law that gives multinational petroleum companies an incentive to invest in opening a dedicated crude oil export route through Russia, and at least one alternate export route to the Caspian Sea or Persian Gulf. At present, even the most successful petroleum venture inside Kazakhstan would have to weave its way through the Russian bureaucracy to utilize that existing and inadequate export pipeline system. This quandary, of course, has recently become the undoing of several Western petroleum operations that have managed to actually produce exportable oil inside the Russian Federation itself, but they can't get it out. In addition, three other variables should be considered by any party that is evaluating Kazakhstan as a future area (see map for current fields) of interest for petroleum operations. These are political stability, field operating conditions, and the country's natural gas crisis. Each of these factors, though not as critical as the legal regime and export access, can radically affect how an operator might approach negotiating the terms of its particular project.

  3. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the entire world." The Energy Summit is built around the core nations of Georgia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Azerbaijan and is focused on promoting a collective energy...

  4. Azerbaijan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump|LineMaine:Ayuda:Navegacion JumpAzerbaijan:

  5. KazaKhstan and theworld economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of trade policy, with a distinctive constitutional, classical-liberal defence of free trade drawn from his government at home. he strongly advocated a rule-based international economic order pillared on free tradeKazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession

  6. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Energy Mark the Completion of the Packaging of the BN-350 Fast Breeder Reactor Spent Fuel | National Nuclear...

  7. School Leadership and Capacity Building in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakavets, Natallia; Frost, David; Khoroshash, Aidar

    2015-08-04

    will and accompanying strategic plans, which we can safely say exist in abundance in contemporary Kazakhstan. Initiatives that emanate from the centre seem to have a clear rationale and explicit plans for dissemination. Indeed, our research hitherto indicates... detail’, and also by introducing the rotation of staff every two years. In one of the schools we visited, the principal was trying to find ways to encourage teachers to take on leadership by ‘giving some opportunities, some space to work, some...

  8. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    climate in Kazakhstan. Secretary Bodman arrived in Kazakhstan after visiting Pakistan where he took part in high-level meeting to discuss ways that the U.S. and Pakistan...

  9. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Azerbaijan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2004-06-21

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy had maintained a web site that was meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consisted of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There were also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these was a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Azerbaijan.

  10. Distribution of Radioactive Materials in the Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan - 13567

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandergraaf, Tjalle T.; Mamedov, Gudrat G.; Ramazanov, Mahammadali A.; Badalov, Vatan H.; Naghiyev, Jalal A.; Mehdiyeva, Afat A.

    2013-07-01

    The Absheron Peninsula forms the extreme Eastern part of Azerbaijan and juts into the Caspian Sea. The region has a long history of oil and gas exploration, transport, and processing and includes a number of abandoned chemical plants that were used in the separation of iodine from formation waters. As a result of lax environmental standards during the Soviet era, the industrial activity has led to serious contamination from oils residues, heavy metals and naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Radiometric surveys performed over a wide range of the Absheron Peninsula showed generally low NORM concentrations. However, radiation levels two to three orders of magnitude above background levels were detected at two abandoned iodine separation plants near the capital city, Baku. These elevated radiation levels are mainly due to Ra-226 and U-238 with lower contributions from Ra-228 and U-235. (authors)

  11. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  12. When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svensen, Henrik

    Petroleum Research, Oslo Research Park, 0349 Oslo, Norway c Geology Institute Azerbaijan, Husein Avenue 29A, and petroleum. However, the source of the fluids and the fluid­rock interactions within the mud volcano conduit and Indonesia (e.g. Jakubov et al.,1971; Barber et al.,1986; Cita et al.,1996; Dia et al., 1999; Isaksen et al

  13. When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzini, Adriano

    Petroleum Research, Oslo Research Park, 0349 Oslo, Norway c Geology Institute Azerbaijan, Husein Avenue 29A, gas, and petroleum. However, the source of the fluids and the fluid­rock interactions within the mud and Indonesia (e.g. Jakubov et al.,1971; Barber et al.,1986; Cita et al.,1996; Dia et al., 1999; Isaksen et al

  14. Investigation of the Dashigil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using beryllium-10 K.J. Kim a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the Dashigil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using beryllium-10 K.J. Kim a, , M. Baskaran: Mud volcano Hydrothermal Beryllium-10 Beryllium isotopes Subduction Cosmogenic nuclide a b s t r a c Caucasus Mountains and 160 marine volcanoes (Fig. 1). Beryllium isotopes have been extensively utilized

  15. US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:TucsonLLCAdministration EIA| OpenKazakhstan

  16. Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town Corporationsource HistoryKazakhstan

  17. Power in Transition: The Spatial Variation of Territorial Cohesion in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Cristin

    2013-08-31

    encouraged to do so. It was quite a gift from our parents. Mom once wrote to say how brave I was to live in Kazakhstan and face some of the challenges. Brave? Not really. I had a cell phone, a computer, and a means to reach family on a regular basis. I wasn... Power in Transition: The Spatial Variation of Territorial Cohesion in Kazakhstan By Copyright 2013 Cristin A. Burke Submitted to the graduate degree program in Geography and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial...

  18. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  19. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  20. Part VII: Section J - List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  1. Cross-avenue politics : the case of Colombia and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachon Buitrago, Monica

    2008-01-01

    nacionales,” in La democracia en blanco y negro: Colombia enelecciones,” in Elecciones y Democracia en Colombia 1997-Sanchez, Miguel. 2001. “La democracia colombiana: entre las

  2. An Energy Overview of Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site--each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Colombia. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  3. The theoretical model of the design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan, based on the experience of the same business in Austin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozenberg, Julia Alexeevna

    2001-01-01

    This study discussed a theoretical model for the start-up stage of a design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The model is designed based on the analysis of the same industry in Austin, Texas, USA and takes into account the national context...

  4. A digital seismogram archive of nuclear explosion signals, recorded at the Borovoye Geophysical Observatory, Kazakhstan, from 1966 to 1996

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    An, Vadim A.; Ovtchinnikov, Vladimir M.; Kaazik, Pyotr B.; Adushkin, Vitaly V.; Sokolova, Inna N.; Aleschenko, Iraida B.; Mikhailova, Natalya N.; Kim, Won -Young; Richards, Paul G.; Patton, Howard J.; et al

    2015-03-27

    Seismologists from Kazakhstan, Russia, and the United States have rescued the Soviet-era archive of nuclear explosion seismograms recorded at Borovoye in northern Kazakhstan during the period 1966–1996. The signals had been stored on about 8000 magnetic tapes, which were held at the recording observatory. After hundreds of man-years of work, these digital waveforms together with significant metadata are now available via the project URL, namely http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/res/pi/Monitoring/Data/ as a modern open database, of use to diverse communities. Three different sets of recording systems were operated at Borovoye, each using several different seismometers and different gain levels. For some explosions, more thanmore »twenty different channels of data are available. A first data release, in 2001, contained numerous glitches and lacked many instrument responses, but could still be used for measuring accurate arrival times and for comparison of the strengths of different types of seismic waves. The project URL also links to our second major data release, for nuclear explosions in Eurasia recorded in Borovoye, in which the data have been deglitched, all instrument responses have been included, and recording systems are described in detail. This second dataset consists of more than 3700 waveforms (digital seismograms) from almost 500 nuclear explosions in Eurasia, many of them recorded at regional distances. It is important as a training set for the development and evaluation of seismological methods of discriminating between earthquakes and underground explosions, and can be used for assessment of three-dimensional models of the Earth’s interior structure.« less

  5. The Marriage Squeeze in Colombia, 19732005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, James Holland

    labor for developed countries like the United States, marriage squeezes can arise in both the source experi- ences a squeeze on men, as labor migration to the United States is predominantly male140 HSBI The Marriage Squeeze in Colombia, 1973­2005: The Role of Excess Male Death Marriage

  6. The Intersection of Violence and Land Inequality in Modern Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Laurence Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Frank Safford. 1995. Agrarian Structure & Political Power:Case of Colombia. ” in Agrarian Structure & Political Power:exchange for an agrarian reform that left the structure of

  7. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Colombia Ministry of Environment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty Elec Coop, IncColombia

  9. Feasibility studies to establish at the Kazakhstan Ulba metallurgical plant the manufacturing capability to produce low-enriched uranium certified reference materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nesuhoff, J [NBL; Cratto, P [NBL; Pfennigwerth, G [Y12 NATIONAL SEC. COMPLEX; Mikhailenko, A [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Maliutina, I [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Nations, J [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01

    One of the salient features of the transition plan that the United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) is presently implementing in the Former Soviet Union countries is the availability of uranium certified reference materials for calibration of nondestructive assay (NDA) measurement equipment. To address this challenge, DOE/NNSA and U.S. national laboratories have focused their cooperative efforts on establishing a reliable source for manufacturing, certifying, and supplying of such standards. The Ulba Metallurgical Plant (UMP), Kazakhstan, which processes large quantities of low-enriched uranium to produce ceramic fuel pellets for nuclear-powered reactors, is well situated to become a key supplier of low-enriched uranium certified reference materials for the country and Central Asia region. We have recently completed Phase I of a feasibility study to establish at UMP capabilities of manufacturing these standards. In this paper we will discuss details of a proposed methodology for uranium down-blending, material selection and characterization, and a proposed methodology of measurement by destructive (DA) and non-destructive (NDA) analysis to form a database for material certification by the competent State authorities in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, we will discuss the prospect for manufacturing of such standards at UMP.

  10. The Downside of Decentralization: Armed Clientelism in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Kent

    2006-01-01

    Fundaci´ Seguridad y Democracia, interview with author, 3en Colombia,” Reforma y n on Democracia, no. 17 (June 2000):y desaf´ os a la democracia,” in Con?ictos regionales: a La

  11. The Downside of Decentralization: Armed Clientelism in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Kent

    2006-01-01

    de Paz y Apertura Democr´ tica,” in Al Filo a del Caos, ed.Leal, Estado y o a Pol´ tica en Colombia (Bogot´ : Siglonew party (Uni´ n Patri´ tica or UP ) to contest elections,

  12. Policy learning : new challenges for smart value capture in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Patricia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Contribucion por Valorizacion is a form of value capture similar to Special Assessment, used in Colombia to complement Local revenues for major public infrastructure programs. SA's continued use countrywide and its resulting ...

  13. Production optimization in the Provincia field, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blann, J.; Jacobson, L.; Faber, C.

    1989-02-01

    Designing or redesigning production facilities for optimum operation usually results in the generation of maximum profit from an installation. But in older fields, or fields where a short life is expected, design changes may not be a viable option. In such cases, obtaining maximum production within the limits of existing facilities, thereby minimizing new investments, may be an attractive option. This paper discusses application of the latter technique in the Provincia field, Colombia, to optimize oil and gas production within constraints imposed by periodic temporary gas-compression-capacity restrictions and by the configuration of existing oil and gas facilities. The multistep optimization program used at Provincia included improvement of individual well performance, optimization of individual well facilities, fieldwide optimization of surface facilities, and optimization of the field production scheme.

  14. Fungal Diversity Ceratocystis neglecta sp. nov., infecting Eucalyptus trees in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fungal Diversity 73 Ceratocystis neglecta sp. nov., infecting Eucalyptus trees in Colombia Rodas, C Eucalyptus trees in Colombia. Fungal Diversity 28: 73-84. Commercial plantation forestry utilising species of non-native Eucalyptus trees forms an important industry in Colombia. These trees are, however

  15. Borehole stability analysis at the Coporo-1 well, Colombia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arias, Henry

    2000-01-01

    Coporo-1 is an 18,000-ft dry hole located in the tectonically active foothills of the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. A mechanical stability analysis allowed explaining most of the drilling stability-related problems and elaborating an optimal mud...

  16. Regional patterns of agricultural land use and deforestation in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    Science, School of Geography, Planning and Architecture, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 Asia (e.g. Indonesia), tropical Africa (e.g. Cameroon), Latin America (e.g. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador (2006) 369­386 * Corresponding author at: School of Geography, Planning and Architecture, Chamberlain

  17. Micro-foundations of producer power in Colombia and the Philippines: towards a political understanding of rents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Micro-foundations of producer power in Colombia and the Philippines: towards a political Kingdom http://www.bath.ac.uk/cds #12;Micro-foundations of producer power in Colombia and the Philippines-creating state interventions in Colombia and the Philippines, where the authority to mobilise agricultural levies

  18. Cuando llovió dinero en Macondo: Literatura y narcotráfico en Colombia y México

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonseca, Alberto

    2009-05-13

    This study deals with the representation of drug trafficking in six narrative texts from Colombia and Mexico. Narco-narratives examine the social structures that drug trafficking has brought to Latin American society, which ...

  19. Experimental and simulation studies of water-alternating-enriched gas injection for San Francisco Field, Colombia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soto Tavera, Claudia Patricia

    2003-01-01

    This thesis presents a complete investigation involving experimental and compositional reservoir simulation studies into enriched gas injection as a method to enhance oil recovery from the San Francisco field in Colombia. In enriched gas floods...

  20. Notable altitudinal range extension of the northern naked-tailed armadillo Cabassous centralis (Cingulata: Dasypodidae) in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    Notable altitudinal range extension of the northern naked-tailed armadillo Cabassous centralis, Colombia The Northern naked-tailed armadillo, Cabassous centralis Miller 1899, is distributed through

  1. Comparing the Effectiveness of Regulation and Pro-Social Emotions to Enhance Cooperation: Experimental Evidence from Fishing Communities in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James J.

    : Experimental Evidence from Fishing Communities in Colombia Maria Claudia Lopez James J. Murphy John M. Spraggon of Regulation and Pro-Social Emotions to Enhance Cooperation: Experimental Evidence from Fishing Communities in fishing communities off the Caribbean coast of Colombia. The goal is to investigate the relative

  2. Environmental impact assessment in Colombia: Critical analysis and proposals for improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toro, Javier; Requena, Ignacio; Zamorano, Montserrat

    2010-07-15

    The evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) systems is a highly recommended strategy for enhancing their effectiveness and quality. This paper describes an evaluation of EIA in Colombia, using the model and the control mechanisms proposed and applied in other countries by Christopher Wood and Ortolano. The evaluation criteria used are based on Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment Best Practice, such as effectiveness and control features, and they were contrasted with the opinions of a panel of Colombian EIA experts as a means of validating the results of the study. The results found that EIA regulations in Colombia were ineffective because of limited scope, inadequate administrative support and the inexistence of effective control mechanisms and public participation. This analysis resulted in a series of recommendations regarding the further development of the EIA system in Colombia with a view to improving its quality and effectiveness.

  3. Title: Feasibility Study for 20 MW Hybrid Solar and Wind Park in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    1 of 2 Title: Feasibility Study for 20 MW Hybrid Solar and Wind Park in Colombia Principal to assess the Colombian solar and wind resources, looking at different technology options, anticipated performance, and evaluating the economics of solar and wind power technologies. The NMSU team also evaluates

  4. Mercury levels in muscle of some fish species from the Dique Channel, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olivero, J.; Navas, V.; Perez, A.

    1997-06-01

    Gold mining is an activity that has been increasing during the last ten years in Colombia. Most mining activities are carried out using mercury for gold amalgamation. In a recent publication we stated that in the Sur de Bolivar, the main gold mining zone in Colombia, the highest mercury concentration in hair was observed in fishermen. The Magdalena River, the largest and most important river in Colombia, receives all this contamination and carries it to the Atlantic Ocean through two means: The main river course and the Dique Channel. The Dique Channel is surrounded by many marshes, which are a major source of fish for nearly two hundred thousands people in northwestern Colombia. The goal of the present study was to determine, for the first time, the content of mercury in muscle tissue of the four most popular fish species purchased in some towns along the Dique Channel, to establish whether these concentrations fall within the WHO guidelines, and to identify those species which can be consumed with less risk. 11 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  5. Tejiendo una red de resiliencia = weaving a web of resilience : Internal displacement, social networks and urban integration in Cartagena, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollock, Jody (Jody Tamar)

    2013-01-01

    There are over 28.8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world today because of conflict, human rights violations and situations of generalized violence. Colombia's protracted internal armed conflict, which ...

  6. Electrical power systems (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, Panama and Peru)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This 12-part set of reports contains market information on the following countries and topics: Brazil - potentiometers, steam turbines, gas turbines, electric generators; Chile - power systems; Colombia - electric generators; Dominican Republic - electric generators; Guatemala - power generation and distribution equipment, non-current carriers, electric generators, and turbines; Jamaica - power systems; Panama - power generation and control equipment; and Peru - power generation equipment. These reports have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  7. Molecular Perspectives on the Origins of Chibchan Populations from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melton, Phillip Edward

    2004-11-01

    of Kansas Central American Theses and Dissertations Collection Molecular Perspectives on the Origins of Chibchan Populations from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia Professor in Charge Michael H. Crawford Committee Members James H. Mielke Deborah... of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts ^/DL Mchael/ft Crawford, Chair Dr. James H, Mielke Date Defended: lího/ú^ Abstract Current archaeological, biological and linguistic evidence points to a lower Central American origin for Chibchan speaking...

  8. Kazakhstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuari SiliconEnergyKarlsruheKatana

  9. Cusiana trend exploration, Llanos Foothills thrustbelt, Colombia: The opening of a new hydrocarbon province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, J.; Hayward, T.; Addison, F. (BP Exploration, Bogota (Colombia)); Espinosa, G. (Ecopetrol, Bogota (Colombia))

    1996-01-01

    The Llanos Foothills petroleum trend of the Eastern Cordillera in Colombia containing the giant Cusiana Field has proven to be one of the most exciting hydrocarbon provinces discovered in recent years. The Llanos Foothills trend is a fold and thrust belt with cumulative discovered reserves to date of nearly 6 billion barrels of oil equivalent. This paper summarizes the critical exploration techniques used in unlocking the potential of this major petroleum system. The first phase of exploration in the Llanos Foothills lasted from the early 1960's to the mid-70's. Several large structures defined by surface geology and seismic data were drilled. Although no major discoveries were made, evidence of a petroleum play was found. The seismic imaging and drilling technology combined with the geological understanding which was then available did not allow the full potential of the trend to be realized. In the late 1980's better data and a revised geological perception of the trend led BP, Triton and Total into active exploration, which resulted in the discovery of the Cusiana Field. The subsequent discovery of the Cupiagua, Volcanera, Florena and Pauto Sur Fields confirmed the trend as a major hydrocarbon province. The exploration programme has used a series of geological and geophysical practices and techniques which have allowed the successful exploitation of the trend. The critical success factor has been the correct application of technology in seismic acquisition and recessing and drilling techniques.

  10. CENTRAL STORAGE FACILITY PROJECT IN COLOMBIA TO PROVIDE THE SAFE STORAGE AND PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Raymond; Wright, Kyle A.; McCaw, Erica E.; Vallejo, Jorge

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide. Internationally, over 40 countries are cooperating with GTRI to enhance the security of these materials. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials, including orphaned and disused high-activity sources. GTRI began cooperation with the Republic of Colombia in April 2004. This cooperation has been a resounding success by securing forty high-risk sites, consolidating disused/orphan sources at an interim secure national storage facility, and developing a comprehensive approach to security, training, and sustainability. In 2005 the Colombian Ministry of Mines and Energy requested the Department of Energy’s support in the construction of a new Central Storage Facility (CSF). In December 2005, the Ministry selected to construct this facility at the Institute of Geology and Mining (Ingeominas) site in Bogota. This site already served as Colombia’s national repository, where disused sources were housed in various buildings around the complex. The CSF project was placed under contract in May 2006, but environmental issues and public protests, which led to a class action lawsuit against the Colombian Government, forced the Ministry to quickly suspend activities, thereby placing the project in jeopardy. Despite these challenges, however, the Ministry of Mines and Energy worked closely with public and environmental authorities to resolve these issues, and continued to be a strong advocate of the GTRI program. In June 2008, the Ministry of Mines and Energy was granted the construction and environmental licenses. As a result, construction immediately resumed and the CSF was completed by December 2008. A commissioning ceremony was held for the new facility in January 2009, which was attended by representatives from the Department of Energy, U.S. Embassy, and the Ministry of Mines and Energy, including the Minister and Vice Minister.

  11. Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump|LineMaine:Ayuda:Navegacion Jump

  12. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArabVisits IraqAdvanceas

  13. Participation in Environmental Organizations: An Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; García-Valiñas, Maria A.

    2006-01-01

    Azerbaijan, Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina),Azerbaijan Serbia Macedonia Croatia Bosnia-Hercegovina Latin

  14. Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,New York:JustKandiyohiCounty,Kawar

  15. Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,New York:JustKandiyohiCounty,Kawar(CTI PFAN) | Open

  16. Deputy Secretary Poneman Visits Kazakhstan | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof Energy ElevenLGJulyHailsofmonth, Deputy Secretary

  17. Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClioCommunityLtd JumpAntasCompareCompiling RES

  18. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy RFPsLtd RES Group Jump| Open

  19. U.S. - Kazakhstan Cooperation on Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport forRetirement PlanSupplementalEmergency ResponseNational

  20. US, Kazakhstan Cooperate to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport forRetirement PlanSupplementalEmergencyDetection Sensors

  1. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town Corporationsource

  2. Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town CorporationsourceEconomies in Central Asia

  3. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF MEXICO, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; Watson, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Mexico, GTRI first made contact in 2005. The project then lost momentum and stalled. At the same time, GTRI’s cooperation with the Republic of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Mexico and to facilitate this cooperation, they offered to invite their Mexican counterparts to Colombia to observe its successful cooperation with GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Mexico agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Mexico be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians. As a result, 22 of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have had security upgrades in place within 18 months of cooperation.

  4. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; McCaw, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.; Medina, Maximo

    2009-10-06

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Dominican Republic, the GTRI first received contact in 2008 from the Government of Dominican Republic. They requested cooperation that was similar to the tri-partite cooperation between Colombia, Mexico and the United States. Throughout the region it was widely known that the GTRI’s cooperation with the Government of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The Government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. In 2007, Colombia was an integral component of GTRI multi-lateral cooperation initiation in Mexico. As a result, twenty two of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have been upgraded in the past eighteen months. These two endeavors served as catalysts for cooperation opportunities in the Dominican Republic. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Dominican Republic and to facilitate this cooperation, they traveled to the Dominican Republic and provided briefings and presentations which demonstrated its successful cooperation with the GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Dominican Republic agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Dominican Republic be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians, and the financial and technical support of the United States. As a result, two of Dominican Republic’s largest radioactive sites had security upgrades in place within 90 days of the cooperation visit in December 2008.

  5. Administrative morality in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paez Murcia, Angela Maria

    2013-05-31

    This dissertation analyzes a cause of action created by the Colombian constitutional reform of 1991: administrative morality. This cause of action was created with the purpose of facilitating citizen engagement in governmental ...

  6. Colombia: Periplo Teatro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Robert E.

    1996-04-01

    Universidad Libre de Cúcuta con Mi novia tiene dos novios de Alfonso Paso; la Escuela de Teatro de la Universidad de Antioquia con Penas sin importancia de Griselda Gámbaro; el grupo Yage de la Universidad de Pamplona con Diatriba de amor contra un hombre... mayoría de los participantes, pues todo esto sucedió, al mismo tiempo, en cinco lugares: el Teatro Zulima y el Auditorio de la UFPS en Cúcuta y en las vecinas pequeñas ciudades de Ocafía y Pamplona, y además en la ciudad venezolana de San Cristóbal, en...

  7. Seismic interpretation and classification of mud volcanoes of the South Caspian Basin, offshore Azerbaijan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusifov, Mehdi Zahid

    2005-11-01

    development in the South Caspian Basin is generally linked to faults, which in some instances are detached at the basement level. By using interpreted seismic surfaces it is possible to determine relative time of mud flows from the mud volcanoes. Timing of mud...

  8. Caspian pipeline combine awards construction contract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-02

    This paper reports that the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) has let contract to Overseas Bechtel Inc. for a 500 mile crude oil export pipeline in Russia. Bechtel will provide engineering, procurement, financing, and construction services and serve as project manager for the 42 inc. line that will extend west from Grozny, near the Caspian Sea, to Novorossiisk, on the Black Sea. Estimated cost is more than $850 million. At Grozny, the new line will tie into 800 miles of existing pipeline that runs along the north shore of the Caspian Sea from supergiant Tengiz field in Kazakhstan. Together, the two segments will form a 1,300 mile system capable of shipping crude oil from the Tengiz region and from Baku, Azerbaijan, to a new terminal and port facilities at Novorossiisk for shipment to world markets, ultimately reaching open oceans via the Mediterranean Sea.

  9. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - As part of the overall U.S. strategy to prevent nuclear and dangerous radiological materials from falling into the hands of terrorists, the Department of...

  10. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    McGinnis explained the role of the Office of Nuclear Energy within the U.S. Department of Energy as well as useful ways by which to collaborate multilaterally such as through the...

  11. Housing and Ethnicity in the Post-Soviet City: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    functioning and its degree of state regulation, housing stock heterogeneity, labour market conditions, anti important in taking advantage

  12. Use of plasma fuel systems at thermal power plants in Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpenko, E.I.; Karpenko, Y.E.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). Institute of Thermal Physics

    2009-05-15

    The technology of plasma ignition of solid fuels is described, as well as its creation and development steps, the technoeconomic characteristics of plasma igniter systems, schemes of their installation in pulverized-coal boilers, and results of their application at pulverized coal-fired power plants.

  13. Ultrarapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    .: +1-805-893-7952; fax: +1-805- 893-2314. E-mail address: hacker@geology.ucsb.edu (B.R. Hacker). www

  14. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop at

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the1996of EnergyIdaho National Laboratory

  15. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport forRetirement PlanSupplementalEmergencyDetectionof Energy

  16. Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town CorporationsourceEconomies in Central

  17. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling | Department of

  18. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling | Department|

  19. U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling |Spain to

  20. SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arrest officer from Azerbaijan over brutal murder NATO chief hopes Putin will attend bloc's June summit

  1. Kode Dansk English AD Andorra ANDORRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataillon, Thomas

    ISLANDS AZ Aserbajdsjan AZERBAIJAN BA Bosnien-Hercegovina BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BB Barbados BARBADOS BD

  2. Turnabout. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roggero, F.F.

    1993-04-19

    The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

  3. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01

    Canoeing  Rowing  Taekwondo  Cycling  Shooting  Trampoline Boxing  Judo  Shooting  Taekwondo  Wrestling  Canoeing Gymnastics  Shooting  Taekwondo  Triathlon  Wrestling 

  4. Department of Energy Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Program at the Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex, Aktau, Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, R.; Berry, R.B.; Eras, A. [and others

    1998-08-01

    As part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program, the US Department of Energy and Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex (MAEC), Aktau, Republic of Kazakstan have cooperated to enhance existing MAEC MPC and A features at the BN-350 liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor. This paper describes the methodology of the enhancement activities and provides representative examples of the MPC and A augmentation implemented at the MAEC.

  5. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Mozambique Kenya Kazakhstan Comoros Togo Uzbekistan Southsuch as Kazakhstan, Comoros, Togo. Uzbekistan, and Southfor Bangladesh,1975 for Comoros and 1976 for Vietnam ; all

  6. Taking On Goliath - Civil Society's Leadership Role in Tobacco Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Society Institute

    2007-01-01

    Kazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTEwww.icps.com.ua/doc/Tobacco_in_Ukraine_ENG.pdf. 15. PetoKazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine Lessons Learned Notes

  7. Demobilized Women Combatants: Lessons from Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giraldo, Saridalia

    2012-01-01

    V. (2011) “Female Soldiers and DDR: Sierra Leone, Nepal, andDemobilization, Reintegration, DDR, Peace-building,and Reintegration Process (DDR). The unusual scenario of the

  8. Experimento teatral en Colombia: El teatro identificador.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzá lez Cajiao, Fernando

    1975-10-01

    magnetofónicas, diapositivas, fotografías y películas que luego son clasificadas y estudiadas detenidamente. Todo lo registrado será posterior mente utilizado en el montaje: la arquitectura, el vestido, los tipos físicos, las representaciones tradicionales... forma objetiva y ante un público de terminado el acervo cultural y social de la región que representan. De allí el nombre que Zapata ha querido darle a este tipo de teatro: teatro identificador, es decir, teatro que identifique, tanto para los actores...

  9. Colombia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty ElecEnergyWorld

  10. CDM Projects in Colombia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to:Energy Inc

  11. 167Thermomagnetic treatment of zinc: selective grain growth and texture modification Corresponding author: A.D. Sheikh-Ali, e-mail: a.sheikh-ali@kbtu.kz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garmestani, Hamid

    of Kazakhstan 2 Institut für Metallkunde und Metallphysik, RWTH Aachen, D-52056 Aachen, Germany 3 Georgia

  12. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Total Visits: 38 Europe: Kosovo, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia: Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, France, Albania Asia: Kazakhstan: 54 Europe: Turkey, Czech Republic, Germany, Kosovo, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Netherlands, Croatia

  13. Los años ochenta en Colombia: El derecho a ser distintos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzá lez Cajiao, Fernando

    1992-04-01

    una sede propia en el barrio la Candelaria en 1991. Hasta el momento ha presentado allí dos obras: Cenizas sobre el mar y Ascensor para tres, ambas de José Assad. Este autor había hecho su debut dramaturgia) en la década anterior con Biófilo... una sede propia en el barrio la Candelaria en 1991. Hasta el momento ha presentado allí dos obras: Cenizas sobre el mar y Ascensor para tres, ambas de José Assad. Este autor había hecho su debut dramaturgia) en la década anterior con Biófilo...

  14. PROGRAMA MDULO FUNDAMENTOS DE MATEMTICAS SUPERVISORES SUPERINTENDENCIA FINANCIERA DE COLOMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardona, Alexander

    a curvas y derivadas, tasas de variación y su significado económico, derivación implícita, regla de la ecuaciones lineales, producto escalar y la geometría de rectas y planos. Mayo 19: Matrices y su álgebra, derivadas parciales y aplicaciones, modelos lineales, derivación implícita y regla de la cadena. Mayo 22

  15. Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

  16. Finding Eldorado: Slavery and Long-run Development in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2012-06-12

    Slavery has been a major institution of labor coercion throughout history. Colonial societies used slavery intensively across the Americas, and slavery remained prevalent in most countries after independence from the ...

  17. Atabí, primer montaje en Colombia sobre tradiciones precolombinas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzá lez Cajiao, Fernando

    1977-10-01

    tipo brech- tiano; algunas otras escenas nos han hecho acudir a teorías como las de Artaud y Grotowski, e incluso hemos acudido a veces al teatro chino y japonés. Además de todo esto, hemos estudiado las pocas obras precolombinas que se preservan (el... tipo brech- tiano; algunas otras escenas nos han hecho acudir a teorías como las de Artaud y Grotowski, e incluso hemos acudido a veces al teatro chino y japonés. Además de todo esto, hemos estudiado las pocas obras precolombinas que se preservan (el...

  18. Cross-avenue politics : the case of Colombia and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachon Buitrago, Monica

    2008-01-01

    the Pragmatic Vote in Brazil’s 2006 Presidential Election,”Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: University of2003. “Agenda Power in Brazil’s Câmara dos Deputados, 1989

  19. The Intersection of Violence and Land Inequality in Modern Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Laurence Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Colombiana de Geología y Minería- government mining ministryColombiano de Geología y Minería (Ingeominas)). I included

  20. Colombia: Patricia Ariza gana el Premio ollantay, 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parias, Elizabeth

    1991-10-01

    programa nosotros sacamos una analogía de Galileo y Oppenheimer, relacionado con la bomba atómica. La universidad, no estuvo de acuerdo con ese programa y prácticamente lo decomisó. El director, Santiago García renunció a la Universidad y resolvió formar... programa nosotros sacamos una analogía de Galileo y Oppenheimer, relacionado con la bomba atómica. La universidad, no estuvo de acuerdo con ese programa y prácticamente lo decomisó. El director, Santiago García renunció a la Universidad y resolvió formar...

  1. Cross-avenue politics : the case of Colombia and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachon Buitrago, Monica

    2008-01-01

    President’s New Constituency: Lula and the Pragmatic Vote inConseqüências Políticas de Lula: Novos Padrões de Formação eContemporánea. De Collor a Lula en años de transformación.

  2. Department of Energy signs Memorandum of Understanding with Colombia's

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof Energy Eleven sites toFutureGen 2.0the

  3. Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty Elec Coop,

  4. Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty Elec Coop,

  5. Colombia-Facility for Environmentally Friendly Transport Technology and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty Elec Coop,Measures

  6. Colombia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty Elec Coop,Measures(RECP)

  7. Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty Elec

  8. Colombia-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty ElecEnergy

  9. Colombia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty ElecEnergyWorld Bank

  10. GEF-Colombia-Geothermal Energy Grant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlexStock Co LtdWiegand GmbH

  11. Colombia-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) JumpIowa:Colmar, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources

  12. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) JumpIowa:Colmar, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources(EC-LEDS) |

  13. Colombia-US Forest Service Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) JumpIowa:Colmar, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources(EC-LEDS) |US

  14. MHK Projects/Salvajina Colombia SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos BayOysterReliance LightSalem Tidal

  15. Colombia-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, searchCloverColado(Redirected

  16. Colombia-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, searchCloverColado(Redirected(CTI PFAN) |

  17. Colombia-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, searchCloverColado(Redirected(CTI

  18. Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation,

  19. Some integral geometry problems on Finsler and Riemannian ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yernat M. Assylbekov

    2012-06-23

    Institute of Mathematics Informatics and Mechanics. Kazakhstan. Joint work with Nurlan Dairbekov. Yernat M. Assylbekov. Integral geometry problems on Finsler ...

  20. Office of Strategic Programs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bilateral Partnerships * China * Japan * India * Mexico * Brazil * Korea * Israel * Russia * EU * Kazakhstan * United Arab Emirates * Canada Multilateral Partnerships * APEC...

  1. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National Welfare Pension FundLibya Russia UAE – Abu Dhabi Algeria Kazakhstan Oil & Gas

  2. Clean Cities Reaches Across the Sea

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities International collaborates with leaders from Kazakhstan and Sweden share best practices and accomplish mutual goals.

  3. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  4. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  5. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Armenia3 LM Chad L Suriname LM Azerbaijan3 LM Comoros L Trinidad and UM Belarus3 LM Congo (Republic) LM

  6. Sandia Energy - SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana...

  7. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Azerbaijan Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Bosnia & Herzegovinaand Barbuda Argentina Barbados Belize Botswana Chile CostaKingdom of Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin

  8. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  9. Role of S??hayk??h Muh?ammad K??hiya?ba?ni? and the Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan in the socio-political history of Iran 1910-1920 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabatabai Khatambakhsh, Mohammad-Taghi

    1984-01-01

    and foreign dynasties, we had to study a great deal about the lives of individual Kings; but hardly any space was allocated to the history of social and political movements in Iran. The names of patriots and political thinkers such as K?h?iya?ba?ni? were not...

  10. Decision Making under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Towards an Operational Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan raliev@asoa.edu.az, oleg huseynov@yahoo.com 2 Azerbaijan Association assumption that for each two alterna- tives, a user can always meaningfully decide which of them. Traditional decision theory is based on a simplifying assumption that for each two alternatives, a user can

  11. Crime, Contraband, and Property Rights: Explaining Variations in Violent Crime Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris, Jeffrey Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    boom ilegal en Colombia? Minería ilegal y violencia” http://boom-ilegal-en-colombia- mineria-ilegal-y-violencia/ Mejiaboom ilegal en Colombia? Mineria ilegal y violencia”,

  12. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Daniel Poneman's remarks, as prepared for delivery, to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World in Astana, Kazakhstan. A fact sheet describing the broad scope...

  13. The Geopolitics of Oil, Gas, and Ecology in the Caucasus and Caspian Sea Basin. 1998 Caucasus Conference Report.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcelon, Marc; Walker, Edward W.; Patten-Wood, Alexandra; Radovich, Aleksandra

    1998-01-01

    Energy Agency, Caspian Oil and Gas. Paris: Energy Charterforecasting studies on oil and gas projects in Kazakhstan33 Map of oil and gas

  14. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Incident Shows Tensions With Ukraine,” N.Y. Times, Feb. 10,Russia intervened in Ukraine’s 2004 presidential electionsthe presidents of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan

  15. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  16. Microsoft Word - Mod 205 - H 52

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    of Energy's nuclear materials protection and accountability programs in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus, including developing such systems and consulting and...

  17. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of tobacco taxation in Ukraine. Paris: International UnionBangladesh, Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, EU). In Indonesia, upKazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine apply different specific

  18. China's Pathways to Energy Security 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01

    43, 2009) 220,000 bpd of Kazakhstan’s total oil exports of 1.0 million bpd goes to China Kazakhstan is a major oil nation, with more oil reserves (30 bil. Barrels est) than the US and half that of Russia Kazakhstan the only Cen. Asian nation... increasingly concerned about China’s economic clout China’s economy still export driven - Attempting to create a larger domestic market China’s demand increase between 2006 - 2020 Coal: 7,400% Copper: 600% Iron Ore: 380% Wood: 330% Soy: 80% Manganese: 30...

  19. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (RK) Kuwait Crudo Oil (t) Exports Imports Petroleum

  20. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  1. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  2. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  3. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01

    Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chad Comoros Congo (dropped) Cote d’violence Azerbaijan Cameroon Comoros Cote d’Ivoire GhanaPeru, Niger, Mali, Yemen, Ghana, Comoros, and Cameroon while

  4. Pandemic Preparedness - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    number of human H5N1 cases have been reported in Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, Djibouti, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam. More than half of the people infected...

  5. Toxicity Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naspinski, Christine S.

    2010-01-16

    . The collection of dust samples was coordinated by Dr. Leslie Cizmas, Dr. Ziad Naufal and Rebecca Lingenfelter in Texas, China, and Azerbaijan, respectively. Soil and mouse samples were collected from Azerbaijan by Dr. John Bickham and Dr. Cole Matson. Dust... Phillips, Dr. Ziad Naufal, Molly Richardson, Shirley Wang, Dr. Xinsheng Gu, Sui Ke, Dr. Liu Duan, Ying vi Xie, Dr. Cole Matson, Dr. Petros Dimitriou-Christidis, Dr. Erica Bruce, Dr. Henry Huebner, and Dr. Evans Afriyie-Gyawu. Finally, I would like...

  6. The Logic of Violence in Criminal War: Cartel-State Conflict in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessing, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    vida y muerte de Pablo Escobar. Bogotá: Planeta. Cano,Los Pepes: Desde Pablo Escobar hasta Don Berna, Macaco, yNoche: La Fuga de Pablo Escobar. Bogota: Ediciones B.

  7. A NEW SPECIES OF WREN (TROGLODYTIDAE: THRYOPHILUS) FROM THE DRY CAUCA RIVER CANYON, NORTHWESTERN COLOMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuervo, Andrés

    coloration of the upperparts, the pattern of barring on the wings and tail, overall smaller body size of the planned construction of a major dam in the region; immediate conservation actions are thus imperative

  8. The Logic of Violence in Criminal War: Cartel-State Conflict in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessing, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Economy of Narco-corruption in Mexico”. Current History 97,weakness. CHAPTER 6. MEXICO Today, corruption continues todue to violent corruption and turf war in Mexico has had a

  9. Geomorphic Evaluation of Radar Imagery of Southeastern Panama and Northwestern Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Anthony J.

    1971-02-01

    Layover. • • • • • • • • • • • • 35 2.4 2.5 Radar Power Return. . • • • • • • • • • • • • • • · . . 2.4. 1 Slope Determination from Radar Power Return. • Radar Shadow . • • ... . • . • • . . .* ~ • • • • • • • 2.5. 1 Types of Elevated Terrain... Features within the Study Area • • 79 3.3. 1.1 Shoreline Coastal Configuration. 79 3.3.1.2 Tidal Flats. . . . • • • . . • . • .• 79 3.3.1.3 Mangrove Coasts • . 0 • • • • 0 82 3.3.1.4 Beach Ridges and Wave Refraction.. 82 3.3. 1.5 Barrier Reefs and Surf...

  10. Sedimentary structures and textures of Rio Orinoco channel sands, Venezuela and Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKee, E.D.

    1989-01-01

    The majority of the sedimentary structures in the channel sands of the Orinoco River are planar cross-strata that are products of sand-wave deposition. Sands in these deposits are mostly medium-grained. Eolian dunes form on top of the sand waves when they are exposed to the trade winds at low river stages. The windblown sands are typically fine-grained.

  11. Water alternating enriched gas injection to enhance oil production and recovery from San Francisco Field, Colombia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda Silva, Carlos Fernando

    2003-01-01

    The main objectives of this study are to determine the most suitable type of gas for a water-alternating-gas (WAG) injection scheme, the WAG cycle time, and gas injection rate to increase oil production rate and recovery from the San Francisco field...

  12. The palynology of the Cerrejon Formation (upper Paleocene) of northern Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaramillo, C.A.; Pardo-Trujillo, A.; Rueda, M.; Torres, V.; Harrington, G.J.; Mora, G.

    2007-07-01

    A palynological study of the Cerrejon Formation was conducted in order to date the formation and understand the floristic composition and diversity of a Paleocene tropical site. The Cerrejon Formation outcrops in the Cerrejon Coal Mine, the largest open cast coal mine in the world. Two cores (725 m) were provided by Carbones del Cerrejon LLC for study. Two hundred samples were prepared for palynology, and at least 150 palynomorphs were counted per sample where possible. Several statistical techniques including rarefaction, species accumulation curves, detrended correspondence analysis, and Anosim were used to analyze the floristic composition and diversity of the palynofloras. Palynomorph assemblages indicate that the age of the Cerrejon Formation and the overlying Tabaco Formation is Middle to Late Paleocene (ca. 60-58 Ma). Major structural repetitions were not found in the Cerrejon Formation in the Cerrejon coal mine, and there is little floral variation throughout. The floral composition, diversity, and lithofacies do not change significantly. Lithofacies associations and floral composition indicate deposition fluctuating from an estuarine-influenced coastal plain at the base to a fluvial-influenced coastal plain at the top. There are, however, significant differences in the composition and diversity of coal and siliciclastic samples. Coal palynofloras have fewer morphospecies, and a distinct and more homogeneous floral assemblage compared to assemblages from the intervening sisliciclastic strata, suggesting that tropical swampy environments supported fewer plant species and had a distinct vegetation adapted to permanently wet environments.

  13. Characterization by XRD and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of waste materials from 'Cerro Matoso' Mine (Colombia)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hernandez, Y.; Carriazo, J.G.; Almanza, O. . E-mail: oaalmanzam@unal.edu.co

    2006-07-15

    Materials from a mining process, in which ferronickel metal extraction is the principal aim, were studied. The residual solid (scum) obtained in this process leads to large-scale accumulation of a vitreous material (pollutant) which creates an environmental problem. These materials were characterized by EPR, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence. The results indicate that the analyzed solids are rich in Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and NiO among other oxides. The scum material shows diffraction signals corresponding to the minerals enstatite (pyroxene) and {alpha}-alumina. Moreover, the scum EPR analysis showed a broad line around g = 2.1 corresponding to Fe{sup 3+} clusters in a complex glassy matrix. An analysis of EPR at different temperatures was also performed. The objective of this work, as a first exploratory stage, is to develop a better understanding of the residual solids in order to identify potential applications.

  14. Bees visiting squash (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne ex Poiret) in southwestern Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zambrano-G, Giselle; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-10-07

    This note records for the first time 12 bee species belonging to eight genera of Apidae and Halictidae as visitors of cultivated squash (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne ex Poiret: Cucurbitaceae) in the municipality of El Patía, Department of Cauca...

  15. Supporting Information Late Paleocene fossils from the Cerrejn Formation, Colombia, are the earliest record of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, S. Kathleen

    as subtidal deposits). These clastic beds overlie or underlie thick coal seams. The middle part of the type of coal marks the lower 50 m of the Cerrejón Formation. Sedimentary structures in this interval include-upward trends in grain size are common. Coal seams have variable thickness in this part of the succession

  16. An Enabling Framework for Wind Power in Colombia: What are the...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to investing in wind power, we focus on the regulatory incentives for investment in power generation."1 References 1.0 1.1 "An Enabling Framework for Wind Power in...

  17. Colombia is considered among the countries with the highest levels of amphibian species richness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    . Cepeda5 & Sergio A. Balaguera-Reina6 1,2,3,4 Centro de Desarrollo Sostenible Námaku, Minca, Magdalena

  18. Application of geostatistical reservoir description for maximizing waterflood infill drilling recovery from La Cira Field, Colombia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cubillos Gutierrez, Helber

    1995-01-01

    One of the prospective ways to increase the oil production is to maximize the oil recovery from mature oil fields. In this study we apply an integrated approach that combines geostatistical reservoir description and reservoir ...

  19. The Logic of Violence in Criminal War: Cartel-State Conflict in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessing, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    from the state-owned firm PEMEX. Despite growing criticismstate-owned oil monopoly PEMEX (Guerrero, 2011b:32-34). By

  20. Urban Development and Land and Housing Market Dynamics in Bogotá, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; P. Alan Treffeisen

    1990-01-01

    o r a productive f a c t o r and the i n d u s t r y supply1974-1978, using l i n e a r and l o g - l i n e a r forms.we expect to see t a l l e r and/or b u l k i e r b u i l d

  1. Devising a framework for the development of the medium scale coal sector in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez Montes, Juan David

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of my study is to devise a framework that encompasses the strategies put forth by the Colombian government as to advancing the productivity and competitiveness of the country, with an emphasis on finding ...

  2. Urban Development and Land and Housing Market Dynamics in Bogotá, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; P. Alan Treffeisen

    1990-01-01

    n s (Corporaciones and de Ahorro y Vivienda [CAVs]) was t hthe Corporaciones de Ahorro y Vivienda. Another decree I tnewly-created Corporaciones de Ahorro y Vivienda (CAVs, the

  3. Beyond Assilimation vs Cultural Resistance: Wayuu Market Appropriation in Riohacha, La Guajira, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robles, David Alexander

    2008-09-02

    weavers to mass produce textiles for export (Wood 2000). Stephen (1991) reported that starting in the 1960s production and distribution networks for textiles expanded greatly, and by 1985, Teotitl?n had a population of about 5,000, 24 which consisted... of 80% weavers, 10% merchants, and 10% farmers. The craft production of textiles was destined primarily for Santa Fe, New Mexico. This U.S. city in the 1980s became a famous vacation and tourist spot known for its Southwestern style that included...

  4. CURRICULAR CHOICES FOR ELITE BILINGUAL SCHOOLS ON COLOMBIA'S CARIBBEAN COAST: AMERICAN ACCREDITATION OR THE INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nalley, Joel Josiah

    2010-06-14

    School in Cartagena: A Tale of IB Gone Wrong 117 Benefits of the International Baccalaureate 120 5 Getting Students Into University 122 Getting the Students Credit in University 124 Negatives of the IB 126 Closing 128... the International Baccalaureate 106 Image: IB Diploma Programme Curriculum Diagram 108 Table 5.3 International Baccalaureate Course Offerings 108 Table 5.4 Fall 2002 University Acceptance Rates 122 Table 5.5 Colombian Universities Accepting...

  5. Sclerites and possible mouthparts of Wiwaxia from the temperate palaeolatitudes of Colombia, South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Martin R.; Hughes, Gareth M. G.; Vargas, M. Carolina; Parra, Felipe de la

    2015-11-25

    and stratigraphy of the Cambrian Nolichucky Shale and associated formations at Thorn Hill, Tennessee, USA. University of Sheffield, 231 pp. Page 12 of 17 Lethaia - manuscript copy Lethaia 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28...

  6. The Logic of Violence in Criminal War: Cartel-State Conflict in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessing, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Sérgio Cabral, not President Lula or Mayor Eduardo Paes.the PT’s Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva for the presidency.between Cabral’s PMDB and Lula’s PT facilitated the

  7. The Logic of Violence in Criminal War: Cartel-State Conflict in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lessing, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    caso do governo Sérgio Cabral Filho (2007-2008). Segurança,2010, Governor Sérgio Cabral of Rio de Janeiro prepared tofor decades. Unlike Calderón, Cabral expected the worst. In

  8. Seismic reprocessing, interpretation and petroleum prospectivity of the East Cano Rondon Area, Llanos Basin, Colombia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molina, German D

    1999-01-01

    was to reprocess approximately 200 km of mid 1980s seismic, integrate the interpretation of the seismic data with the available well and geologic data, create a sequence stratigraphic framework and describe the hydrocarbon potential of the area. Reprocessing...

  9. From medical geography to germ theory in Colombia, 1860-1900 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia Lopez, Claudia Monica

    2009-01-01

    Before the consolidation of the germ theory of human diseases at the end of the nineteenth century, medical explanations about disease causation were dominated by the environmental notions of medical geography. This ...

  10. Risk Distance: The Loss of Strength Gradient and Colombia's Geography of Impunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demarest, Geoffrey

    2013-12-31

    The dissertation proposes a theoretical category of distance, risk distance, as a prompt for understanding outcomes in internal armed struggles. Geographers are familiar with cost distance -- conceiving distance according ...

  11. IDB-Colombia-Renwable Energy and Energy Efficiency Finance Facility | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:Hydrothermally DepositedInformation 6 -Energy

  12. Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClio Power LtdCounty ElecEnergy Information

  13. An Enabling Framework for Wind Power in Colombia: What are the Lessons from

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, searchAmmonix Jump to:Amulairedo BrasilLatin

  14. Colombia-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) JumpIowa:Colmar, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpCaribbean

  15. Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, searchCloverColado(Redirected(CTI PFAN)

  16. Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, searchCloverColado(Redirected(CTIEnergy

  17. Colombia-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation,Energy Information World Bank

  18. U.S. and Colombia to Collaborate on First Solar Decathlon in Latin America

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryin the Nation's ElectricU.S. LNGDepartmentEnergyDepartment|

  19. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Demrepub Congo Repub CongoChad Chile China Colombia Comoros Demrepub Congo Repub CongoChad Chile China Colombia Comoros Demrepub Congo Repub Congo

  20. Essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Tiffany

    2011-01-01

    Colombia Portugal Chile Finland Austria S. Czechosl Korea UKCzechosl S. Cyprus Korea Finland Chile Chile Colombia S.Portugal Spain Chile Finland US Finland Finland Portugal

  1. The Dissimilarity Representation as a Tool for Three-Way Data Classification: A 2D Measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duin, Robert P.W.

    Colombia Sede Manizales, Colombia morozcoa@bt.unal.edu.co 4 Instituto Colombiano de Geolog´ia y Miner´ia

  2. Fast dimensional inspection of deformable parts from partial views Andres Jaramillo a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberta, University of

    Nacional de Colombia, Cra 27 No. 64-60 Manizales, Caldas, Colombia b Depto. Ing. Meca´nica y Mecatro

  3. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    Colombia 2012. “Colombia/EU Free Trade Agreement,” Website.South-South Relations: Free Trade between Chile and China inprinciples (upholding open, free trade, low tariff barriers

  4. "Es Siempre Preferible la Carpa a la Pulquería": The Construction of Poverty in the Music of the Carpas Shows in Mexico City, 1890-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieletto-Bueno, M Natalia

    2015-01-01

    de salón en Colombia y Venezuela vista a través de lasde salón en Colombia y Venezuela, vista a través de lasan undesirable image. Venezuela, the political implications

  5. El comportamiento del mercado de trabajo en América Latina en el contexto de la globalización económica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruesga, Santos; Fujii, Gerardo

    2006-01-01

    Colombia Chile Perú Venezuela a Ocupados correspondientes aColombia, Chile, Perú y Venezuela. Conviene hacer unaregistrarse en Chile y en Venezuela, en general, situándose

  6. Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over1 Asian regions during 20002008: Regional Emission2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of Russia/West Siberia WSIB Asian part of Russia/Ural URAL Kazakhstan KAZ Kyrgyzstan KGZ Tajikistan TJK Maldives MDV Asian part of Russia/Far East RCA FARE Asian part of Russia/East Siberia ESIB Asian part

  7. Rachel J. Beane Earth and Oceanographic Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beane, Rachel J.

    in the Maksyutov Complex, south Ural Mountains." Williams College, Williamstown, MA B.A. with Highest Honors guide 1995 Kazakhstan Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism, Kokchetav Massif 1994 Russia Dissertation

  8. Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Meeting of SIGMORPHON and SIGFSM, pages 4654, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    belongs to Kipchak branch of Ural-Altaic language family and it is spoken approximately by 8 million people. It is the official language of Kazakhstan and it has also speakers in Russia, China, Mongolia

  9. Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sievers, Eric

    2001-01-01

    The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

  10. Immobility and the Re-imaginings of Ethnic Identity among Mongolian Kazakhs in the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcus, Holly; Werner, Cynthia

    2015-06-05

    identities, as expressed through cultural elements of religiosity, kinship ties, and language versatility, tie Mongolian Kazakhs strongly to western Mongolia while meta-narratives about diaspora and homelandArticle history: Received 12 July 2014 Received... and Barcus, 2009). The second and third factors are tightly intertwined: the pervasive meta-narratives of homeland and its coupling with strategic immigration policies and incentives from the Kazakhstan government. Although Kazakhstan gained inde- pendence...

  11. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    1998. Power in Movement: Social Movements and ContentiousDevelopment, Social Movements and Third World Resistance.1998. Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics:

  12. Depositional environment of the Caballos Formation, San Francisco field, Neiva sub-basin, Upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sneider, John Scott

    1988-01-01

    of the Cretaceous shales supply a ready source rock for oil generation (Macellari, 1985). Uplift during the early stages of the Andean orogeny resulted in a non-depositional episode which extended to the late Eocene. Continual uplift of the Central Cordillera... increases upward in the coset; 2542. 0 ft (774. 8 m). Coarsening upward coset of discontinuous wavy laminated sandstone. Coset continues in photograph G. Oil stain increases upward in the sandstone; 2542. 5 ft (775. 0 m). Interlaminated shale, siltstone...

  13. Reservoir description of low resistivity sandstones in the Mugrosa Formation (Oligocene) of Gala-Llanito Fields, Colombia, South America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernal Guerrero, Maria Cristina

    1993-01-01

    resistivity log response produce oil. However, some of these reservoirs which present a low-resistivity response on well logs still produce water-free oil irrespective of the calculated water saturation value. Identification of the fluid saturations from...

  14. Maria Guiomar Nates-Parra: biographical sketch and summary of contributions to the melittological knowledge of Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Victor H.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-02-26

    . Procedencia botánica del polen almacenado por Apis mellifera, en alrededores de la Sabana de Bogotá. I: Polen en las colmenas. Agronomía Colombiana 4: 31?38. 9. Nates-Parra, G., & S. Acevedo. 1988. Madurez sexual en zánganos de Apis mellifera de origen... Sims f. edulis. Caldasia 33(2): 433?451. 54. Giraldo, C., A. Rodríguez, F. Chamorro, D. Obregón, P. Montoya, N. Ramírez, V. Solarte, & G. Nates-Parra. 2011. Guía Ilustrada de Polen y Plantas Nativas Visitadas por Abejas: Cundina- marca, Boyacá...

  15. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    path of “dependence” on oil rents to smoothen the impact ofThe use of the oil industry as a rent seeking mechanismoil booms had an unanticipated consequence: they produced rent-

  16. Depositional environment of the Monserrate Formation: Palogrande, Cebu, and Dina-K fields, Upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia, South America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Curtis Fred

    1989-01-01

    deposited during a world wide regression and are conformable with the marine shales of the Villeta Formation below and the nonmarine shales of the San Francisco Formation above. The lowest member, C, is composed of normal-marine shelf deposits... and consists of interbedded sandstone and shale. Sediments were derived from quartz arenites of the Guayana shield and from the emerging Central Cordillera. The middle member, B, consists of sandstones, siltstones, and shales deposited in a transitional...

  17. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    oil and coal addictions, protect endangered forests, and promote human rights and sustainable finance,oil and coal. They mainly target multinational corporations and the banks that finance

  18. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    oil industry. Thus, the alliance between oil companies andof the oil industry to forge alliances with governments toform of alliance that Watts has called “the oil complex”

  19. Latin American and Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology Medelln, Colombia WE1-1 August 3-5, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalva, Hari

    . The planned deployment of huge underwater turbines in the Florida Gulf Stream could affect the pattern of sea trying to harness energy from ocean currents by placing turbines deep under the ocean. Sea

  20. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    weapons to protect oil investments provided by the Unitedin the round to promote oil investment in the country. As itinsurgency and secure oil investments. In areas inhabited by

  1. From the Law to the Market: the Campaign of the U'wa Indigenous People in Colombia (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rueda, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    in 1997 Oxy acquired the Elk Hills Oil Field, which by thensources the purchase of Elk Hills by Oxy has been the object

  2. Policy recommendations to improve the competitiveness of small scale farmers in Colombia through Information and Communication Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maya, Natalia (Natalia Carolina Maya Ortiz)

    2010-01-01

    Half of the Colombian population lives in regions dependent on primary activities such as agriculture, livestock, and fishing. This sector is characterized for being a mix of two kinds of productive systems: large-scale ...

  3. Strategic framework for real estate investment in emerging markets : the case of commercial real estate in Bogotá, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otálora Castro, José Camilo

    2008-01-01

    Real estate investment is becoming increasingly international. Deregulation and integration of global capital markets, growth of emerging market economies, demographic trends in developed economies, and geopolitical and ...

  4. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 7 January 5, 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    ) ­­­­­ CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands b­u­­ CO Colombia (Republic of) ­­­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic Federal Republic

  5. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suriname Colombia Mauritania Tajikistan Comoros Mauritius Togo Democratic Republic of the New Caledonia

  6. Part I: International and Regional Management Arrangements Global Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Republic, Chad, Chile, China, People's Republic of, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo, Democratic Republic of

  7. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    - Iran Myanmar Singapore Yemen Colombia Iraq Namibia Solomon Islands Zambia Comoros Japan Nauru Somalia

  8. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 10 February 15, 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    (Indian Ocean) ­­­­­ CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands B­u­­ CO Colombia (Republic of) ­­­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic

  9. Decker Student Health Services Center PO Box 6000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of Costa

  10. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 16 June 15, 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    ) Islands Iu­ CO Colombia (Republic of) ­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic Federal Republic of the) ­­­ CG Congo

  11. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  12. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  13. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 13 February 15, 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Colombia (Republic of) ­­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic Federal Republic of the) ­­U­ CG Congo (Republic of the

  14. Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Colombia Comoros Congo

  15. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 9 August 1, 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    (Indian Ocean) ­­­­­ CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands B­u­­ CO Colombia (Republic of) ­­­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic

  16. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 12 November 15, 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    (Keeling) Islands BIu­ CO Colombia (Republic of) ­­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic Federal Republic of the) ­­u­ CG

  17. The circuitous path of democracy : legislative control of the bureaucracy in presidential regimes : the case of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ríos C., Alejandra

    2010-01-01

    Power Influence on the Legislative Process High Variable Low Country/State Argentina Chile Colombia Peru

  18. Understanding Online Malicious Behavior: Social Malware and Email Spam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ting-Kai

    2013-01-01

    Czech Republic France Turkey Germany Germany Ukraine UkraineGermany Korea Ukraine Argentina Venezuela Colombia Turkey

  19. **The total number of academic personnel is 18,122. Appointments excluded from the above data include clinical faculty (5,911), affiliate faculty (2,737), and other faculty and academic personnel (4,898). UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    ICELAND 2 INDONESIA 2 LIBYA 2 NEPAL 2 SINGAPORE 2 TANZANIA 1 ALGERIA 1 ARMENIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BRUNEI 1 179 224 8 63 6 26 0 255 7 38 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BY RANK AND TRACK AS OF 10/31/2014 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BYYEAR ­ PROFESSORIAL FACULTY Year Total Male Female American Indian Asian Black Hispanic Pacific

  20. NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

  1. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  2. GEOPEDOLOGIA GEOPEDOLOGIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venezuela y Colombia. En Venezuela, la materia de geopedología era el componente esencial de un taller Venezuela (UCV). En Colombia, talleres similares se han realizado en varias oportunidades en el marco de un

  3. Long-term trends and interannual variability of forest, savanna and agricultural fires in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Llanos in Colombia and Venezuela [3] ). In recent decades,in South America N Llanos Venezuela re s efo French Guianathe Llanos in Colombia and Venezuela) and Agri in southern

  4. Soils of Amazonia with particular reference to the RAINFOR sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quesada, C. A; Lloyd, J.; Anderson, L. O; Fyllas, N. M; Schwarz, M.; Czimczik, C. I

    2011-01-01

    Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela. A subset of 18 soilabove a Leptosol in Venezuela (ELD-34). Fig. 5 to have givenzone of Guyana, Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia, as well as

  5. CARLOS ALBERTO PALACIOS TENREIRO 11905 SOUTHERN TRAILS CT, PEARLAND, TX, 77584

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botte, Gerardine G.

    Venezuela and Petrozuata (Conoco-Philips/PDVSA joint venture); Ecopetrol­ Colombia; PEMEX, Mexico ­ Colombia, Pipeline System 4 for PEMEX ­ Mexico. Have experience and background of oil/gas fields

  6. World Shale Resource Assessments

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01

    Four countries: Chad, Kazakhstan, Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been added to report “Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources.” The report provides an estimate of shale resources in selected basins around the world. The new chapters cover shale basins from the Sub-Saharan Africa region, represented by Chad; the Caspian region, represented by Kazakhstan; and the Middle East region, represented by Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and are available as supplemental chapters to the 2013 report.

  7. Physical space and its role in the production and reproduction of violence in the "slum wars" in Medellin, Colombia (1970s-2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samper Escobar, Jose Jaime

    2014-01-01

    Rhetorically, people often make a tacit linkage between the spaces of urban informality ("slums"), crime and violence. This occurs in academic circles-as exemplified by the common occurrence that when researchers seek to ...

  8. The experiencing of the Wayuu lucha in a context of uncertainty : : Neoliberal multiculturalism, political subjectivities, and preocupación in La Guajira, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrero Botero, Esteban

    2013-01-01

    wayuu. N. Wayuu, ed. NotiWayuu 2011 Mineria=Miseria http://de Barrancas afectadas por mineria. Oliver, Jose R. 1990y el territorio. Cerrejón, Minería Responsable. 2011 Resumen

  9. ANÁLISIS ECONÓMICO DE LOS DERECHOS COLECTIVOS Y SU MECANISMO DE PROTECCIÓN JURISDICCIONAL EN COLOMBIA: El papel de los incentivos, la acción colectiva y la provisión de bienes públicos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroy, Daniel A.; Pinzón, Mario A.

    2012-01-01

    y Valores de la democracia. (I. F. Electoral, Ed. )Encuesta de Cultura Política - Anexo Democracia. DANE. (de Cultura Política - Anexo Democracia. Jordana, J. (2007).

  10. The experiencing of the Wayuu lucha in a context of uncertainty : : Neoliberal multiculturalism, political subjectivities, and preocupación in La Guajira, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrero Botero, Esteban

    2013-01-01

    My conversations with Dora Luz’s exemplify this well, DL:Personal Interview). For Dora Luz, it is a similar case,Julia, Carlos, Dora Luz, Francia, Constanza, Patricia,

  11. La representación legal de las sociedades comerciales en Colombia y el problema de principal y agente, soluciones introducidas por la ley 222 de 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delvasto Perdomo, Carlos Andrés

    2008-01-01

    financieras, corporaciones de ahorro y vivienda (A partir deArt. 5º, “las corporaciones de ahorro y vivienda tendrán la

  12. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras 183 Bol. Invest. Mar. Cost. 43 (1) ISSN 0122-9761 Santa Marta, Colombia, 2014183-193

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras 183 Bol. Invest. Mar. Cost. 43 (1) ISSN 0122 Ecologia e Zoologia, Lab. de Biogeografia e Macroecologia Marinha, Florianópolis, SC 88010-970, Brasil Postal 6109, 13083-970 Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. isazima@gmail.com RESUMEN Asociaciones alimentarias

  13. 59S.A. BALAGUERA-REINA Y J.F. GONZLEZ-MAYA-POPULATION ECOLOGY OF C. ACUTUS IN VIPIS, MAGDALENA, COLOMBIA POPULATIONSTRUCTURE,DENSITY,ANDHABITATOF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    .F. González-Maya. "Estructura poblacional, densidad y hábitat de Crocodylus acutus Cuvier 1807 en la Vía poblacional y densidad es un elemento clave de la planificación de conservación para cocodrilos. Entre septiembre y diciembre de 2006 se llevó a cabo la determinación de la estructura poblacional, densidad y

  14. Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1683 Colombia (Mobile Termination - 3) * 57 $0.3000 Comoros * 269 $0.5400 Comoros (Mobile Termination - 3, 9

  15. Last Name First Date of Birth Immunization Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    African Rep. Chad China Colombia Comoros Congo Congo DR Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Djibouti Dominican Republic

  16. TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE (REQUIRED) PLEASE PRINT -This section to be completed by student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    African Republic Chad China Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands DR - Congo Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Djibouti

  17. Last update / Dernire mise jour: 7/07/2005 EU Member States Other countries (continued)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    American Samoa 108 China 100 Angola 237 Colombia 118 Anguilla 184 Comoros 114 Les per diems couvrent le

  18. INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 14 June 15, 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    (Keeling) Islands bIu­ CO Colombia (Republic of) ­­­­ KM Comoros (Islamic Federal Republic of the) ­­U­ CG

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7_James Warden_2013-05-06 123 agreements...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    - South Africa - Colombia - Switzerland - Egypt - Thailand - EURATOM (27 countries) - Turkey - India - Ukraine - Indonesia - United Arab Emirates - Japan - International Atomic...

  20. Megacities and Megatraffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutzbach, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Egypt Nigeria Chile Thailand Mongolia Oman Turkey Jordan Mexico Colombia China Philippines Pakistan INCOME PER-CAPITA (PURCHASING-POWER

  1. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Algeria 109 India 348 Brasile 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasile 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egitto 66 Cina 137 Colombia 71 Sud Africa 63 Pakistan 85

  2. Statistical Tools for Admission Control Decisions in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Espa~na. 3 Universidad del Cauca, Popay´an, Colombia. Abstract

  3. Slide 1

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Antonio, TX Agreements for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation * Argentina * Australia * Bangladesh * Brazil * Canada * China * Colombia * Egypt * EURATOM * IAEA * Indonesia * Japan *...

  4. Abstract--Hand impairment is common following stroke and is often resistant to traditional therapy methods. Successful

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenyon, Robert V.

    of Chicago, Chicago, IL. M. Toro is with the Escuela de Ingenieria de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia R. Kenyon

  5. Progress through Dispute: The Caspian Oil Power Struggle and Its Effects on Central Asian Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristin Perry, Natalie

    2014-08-25

    oil. He also speculates that the opening of this Central Asian pipeline could lead to continued cooperation on the Nabucco Pipeline, which gives direct mobility from the Caspian to Europe More recently, the Nabucco Pipeline has since transformed... into the Nabucco- West Pipeline, along with a new route for Central Asian resources to Europe that compliment the Nabucco-West pipeline. It is labeled the Trans-Andalou Pipeline (TANAP) and involves countries such as Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia...

  6. Subsea BOP stack built for Caspian drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-16

    This paper reports that Shaffer Inc. completed construction of a multi-million dollar subsea drilling system for Caspmorneftegas, an operating company in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The subsea stack will be installed on the semisubmersible drilling rig Shelf 7 currently under construction in Astrakan in the Soviet Union. Shelf 7 will drill wells in the Caspian Sea, one of the most prolific production areas in the Soviet Union.

  7. web page: http://w3.pppl.gov/~ zakharov Ignited Spherical Tokamaks for development of power reactor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    web page: http://w3.pppl.gov/~ zakharov Ignited Spherical Tokamaks for development of power reactor-0451 International Workshop on Experimental Performance of KTM Tokamak, Oct. 10, 2005, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2005 1 development, and the only candidates are spherical tokamaks (ST). For the purposes of the first wall R

  8. Radiative forcing due to enhancements in tropospheric ozone and carbonaceous aerosols caused by Asian fires during spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiative forcing due to enhancements in tropospheric ozone and carbonaceous aerosols caused of fires that occurred in three regions of Asia, namely Thailand, Kazakhstan, and Siberia, during spring Dobson units (DU) near the Thailand region, and by lesser amounts in the other regions due to the fires

  9. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using and Pakistan (J. p. var. seravschanica). Several compounds distinguish J. excelsa: decadienal #12;Phytologia groups, each well resolved. The J. p. var. seravschanica populations are resolved into the Pakistan

  10. SEPTEMBER 29, 2009 COVERING ISRAEL, THE MIDDLE EAST & THE JEWISH WORLD Ethiopian kids `not at our school!' Hungary's martyred poet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEPTEMBER 29, 2009 COVERING ISRAEL, THE MIDDLE EAST & THE JEWISH WORLD Ethiopian kids ­ `not at our school!' · Hungary's martyred poet Brain Power Israeli researchers make waves Love affair with Kazakhstan scientists like Segev are an ambi- tious bunch. Cheerleading, or even playing on the support teams

  11. 1/21/13 3:57 PMFactiva Page 1 of 3http://global.factiva.com.libproxy.mit.edu/hp/printsavews.aspx?pp=Print&hc=Publication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    America will have the capacity to be a net exporter of oil and natural gas by the end of this decade time, it would yield a shift in global oil-market power from the traditional producers (OPEC, Russia (Britain, France, Poland, Russia), Latin America (Argentina, Brazil) and Asia (China, Kazakhstan, India

  12. Microsoft Word - FY07AnnualReport.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (EZ) 1 18,000,000 FRANCE (FR) 5 8,093,198 GABON (GB) 1 441,600 GAMBIA (GA) 1 49,300 GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (GE) 3 1,698,498 HUNGARY (HU) 1 4,000,000 KAZAKHSTAN (KZ) 3...

  13. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  14. Enrique Buenaventura's Theory of the Committed Theatre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson Espender, Maida

    1976-10-01

    Enrique Buenaventura's Theory of the Committed Theatre MAIDA WATSON ESPENER Enrique Buenaventura has won a reputation as one of Colombia's foremost playwrights during the last fifteen years. His theatre has been staged in Colombia, Canada, Europe..., Cuba and the United States. Born in Cali, Colombia in 1925, he is a member of that group of Latin American playwrights referred to by some critics as "writers of the committed theatre." Buenaventura's commitment is to the solution of Latin American...

  15. Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs Resource Type Workshop Website http:www.olade.orginiciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America,...

  16. Capital flows: Catalyst or Hindrance to economic takeoffs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Sushko, Vladyslav

    2011-01-01

    in Australia and in 1983 in Comoros. As results reported inCongo, Republic of Colombia Comoros Cape Verde Costa Rica

  17. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  18. Edinburgh Research Explorer Citation for published version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    process, corruption or presidential manoeuvering. The progressive march of women's football offers confederations have qualified for the event in Canada: USA, Costa Rica, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil

  19. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    national treatment for trade in natural gas with Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco,...

  20. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University and Californias Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; John Ellis (Colombia), of CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland; Belen...

  1. DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl, Terry

    2008-01-01

    armed forces once used oil to finance war, they begin to usesouth. In Colombia, oil helps to finance two rebel groups

  2. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  3. Jamaica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  6. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  9. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  10. Indonesia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  11. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  12. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  13. Zambia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  14. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  15. Moldova-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  16. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  17. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Dominica Grenada Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  18. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Torres, F., Reinoso, W., Chapman, M., Han, X., and Campo, P., 2012. "Field Application of New Proppant Detection Technology - A Case History of the Putumayo Basin of Colombia."...

  19. DOE's Program Regulating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of...

  20. Protected Areas Stacy Philpott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottgens, Hans

    conservation? · Indigenous Reserves? ­ Caura ­ Yasuni #12;Caura, Venezuela #12;Caura, Venezuela · Amazon low, outboard engines, ipods... #12;Caura, Venezuela #12;Yasuní National Park, Ecuador COLOMBIA PERU ECUADOR o

  1. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Brazil Norway Moldova NZ Macedonia Switzerlad. AlbaniaPhilippines Colombia Macedonia Turkey Albania GuatemalaIran Argentina Bosnia Macedonia Belarus Algeria Armenia

  2. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    women’s empowerment while Croatia, Greece, the Philippines,African Republic, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech. Republic,Chile Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia Cyprus, Czech. Republic,

  3. The structural preconditions for maximizing FDI spillovers in Colombia : a sectoral impact analysis of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Industry output, labor payments, firm productivity, and the productive structure (1995-2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyman, Benjamin G. (Benjamin Gabriel)

    2011-01-01

    Do multinational corporations (MNCs) crowd out domestic firms in developing countries, or is foreign direct investment (FDI) complementary to domestic firm profitability, productivity, and employment? Empirical literature ...

  4. Border Patrol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    (Kus#2;çu Bonnenfant, 2012). The widespread Kazakh diaspora heeded this call, migrating from Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Mongolia and elsewhere seeking to return to the ‘traditional Kazakh homeland’. From the state perspective, repatriation suc... (immobile). Beginning in the early 1990s, following the opening of borders across Central Asia, a sizable portion of the Kazakh minority popu- lation in western Mongolia migrated to Kazakhstan. The rationale for leaving was clear – the loss of a central...

  5. The Kazakhs of Western Mongolia: Transnational Migration from 1990-2008 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcus, Holly; Werner, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    dawned, Mongolia and Bayan-Ulgii began a slow emergence. Bayan-Ulgii has the unique distinction in Mongolia as the only province sharing two international borders, one with Russia and one with China. These borders, as they became more open, created... and are affected by national, local, and individual circumstances. Keywords: Kazakhs; migration; diaspora; repatriation; Mongolia; Kazakhstan Introduction and background Through the creation of national borders, individuals identifying strongly with one ethnic...

  6. Proceedings of the Radionuclide Contamination in Water Resources Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson, J H; Duisebayev, B; Janecky, D R; Knapp, R; Rosenburg, N D; Smith, D K; Tompson, A F B; Tyupkina, O; Veselov, V V

    2001-07-26

    A workshop entitled ''Radionuclide Contamination in Water Resources'' was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan from Tuesday 29 May through Friday 1 June. This workshop was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and three organizations from the Republic of Kazakhstan: the Institute of Nonproliferation, the Institute of Hydrogeology and Hydrophysics, and KazAtomProm. Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, three national laboratories, and 13 different organizations from the Republic of Kazakhstan attended the workshop. A complete list of attendees, the workshop program, and information on the background and motivation for this workshop are provided in this report. The objective of the workshop was to identify critical problems, discover what is known about the problems related to radionuclide contamination of groundwater resources, form collaborative teams, and produce a small number proposals that both address further characterization and assess risk via contaminant fate and transport modeling. We plan to present these proposals to U.S. government agencies and international sponsors for funding.

  7. Azle, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump|LineMaine:Ayuda:Navegacion JumpAzerbaijan:Azle,

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  9. Dr. Lupita D. Montoya, Assistant Professor in the Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering Department and affiliated faculty in the Mortenson Center in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    and knowledge to be more competitive in obtaining funds to study effects of air pollution on health. Further Quality Committee to define air pollution abatement policies in Colombia. Exposure to international Quality Committee. Air pollution is currently a main environmental concern in Colombia, after natural

  10. Times Series Study of Effects of Petroleum Production on GDP 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballinger, Leslie 1991-

    2012-05-02

    development. The countries studied include: Argentina, Canada, Colombia, the United States, Mexico, Venezuela, Peru, and Indonesia. The dates of analysis are different for every country due to data reliability. This paper focuses mainly on a time series...

  11. A proposed framework for harmonization of the veterinary medicine curriculum in Latin America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega Meyer, Bruno de Jesus

    2009-05-15

    review and responses obtained from interviews with 25 veterinarians selected from Argentina (3), Bolivia (2), Chile (3), Colombia (2), Costa Rica (3), Guatemala (2), Mexico(6), and Peru (4). Several techniques were used to complement the research, among...

  12. The Portrayal of Colombian Indigenous Amazonian Peoples by the National Press, 1988-2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jean E.

    In this chapter I examine articles published in Colombia's two national daily newspapers on the country's Amazonian indigenous communities. I explore the ways the journalists and photographers working for El Espectador and ...

  13. Explaining the increase of competitiveness in the Colombian car industry after the end of import substitution industralization [sic] policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrillo-Mora, Felipe, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    At the beginning of the decade of the nineties, Import Substitution Industrialization - ISI- policies were dismantled all over Latin America, including Colombia. This meant that tariff protection for locally produced ...

  14. internacional Clave de pas Claves mviles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    -917, 919, 922-929, 936-939 Chile $ 0.16 56 39303 China $ 0.01 86 13 Colombia $ 0.05 57 3 Comoros $ 0.14 269

  15. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Central African Rep. Chad Comoros Congo, Republic of CôteCentral African Rep. Chad Comoros Congo, Republic of CôteHong Kong Macao Colombia Comoros Congo, Republic of Costa

  16. PUBLICATIONS LIST Jean Elizabeth Jackson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    pain? The politics of representation." In Daniel B. Carr, John D. Loeser, David B. Morris, eds: 172- 194. 2002: "Caught in the Crossfire: Colombia's indigenous peoples during the 1990s." In David

  17. Vertical composition gradient effects on original hydrocarbon in place volumes and liquid recovery for volatile oil and gas condensate reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo Arias, Juan Manuel

    2000-01-01

    field in Colombia. The experimental PVT tests used consisted of constant composition expansion (CCE) and constant volume depletion (CVD) and were reported by Brunal. This study was accomplished by tuning an equation of state, EOS, to the available CCE...

  18. BIOFRAG a new database for analyzing BIOdiversity responses to forest FRAGmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willig, Michael

    , Sweden 8 Departmento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Sistemas de Informacion, Universidad de Buenos Aires, University of Leeds, Leeds, U.K. 29 Instituto de Ciencias Naturales ­ ICN, National University of Colombia

  19. Investigative Journalism and Access to Information in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Kate

    2011-01-01

    Fromson, Murray. 1996. Mexico’s struggle for a free press.Periodistas: Brasil, Colombia, México, 65-78. Miami: Inter-artículo 6o constitucional. Mexico: Trust. Hughes, Sallie.

  20. A BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAM IN A TECHNOLOGY-FOCUSED UNIVERSITY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    needed to make a meaningful impact on an organization's success. WHAT MAKES THE UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS, including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico · Environmental Engineering · Finance · Industrial Engineering · Management Science · Marketing · Mathematics

  1. A BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAM IN A TECHNOLOGY-FOCUSED UNIVERSITY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    a meaningful impact on an organization's success. WHAT MAKES THE UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS PROGRAM AT STUART, including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico · Chemical Engineering · Chemistry · Computer Science · Electrical Engineering · Environmental Engineering

  2. Volunteer Day Countries Represented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    China Colombia Egypt France Italy Japan Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Thailand Turkey UAE much and in how many ways this may change, depending on the price of gas! Q: Why do the American people

  3. Top Needs of Occupy Sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, J.R.

    2012-01-01

    Individuals Occupy Sourcing Top Needs of Occupy Sites Art byand Social Media in Colombia Top Needs of Occupy Sites J.R.Baldwin collects the top needs of Occupy sites across the

  4. TABLE37.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 61 28 251 99 0 26 Colombia ... 180 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Norway ... 1,036 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  5. Party Systems in Latin America after the Third Wave: A Critical Re-Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreras, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    partidos políticos y la democracia en Colombia 1958–2002,largo camino hacia la democracia, in: Marcelo Cavarozzi andLos espejismos de la democracia: el colapso del sistema de

  6. Refining the theory of partisan alignmentsEvidence from Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreras, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    partidos pol?´ticos y la democracia en Colombia 1958–2002.total volatility is high. While Democracia Cristiana Guate-and the Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB). The

  7. Intercultural Universities in Mexico: Identity and Exclusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, David

    2013-11-13

    Política del Gatopardo. Multiculturalismo y democracia en Oaxaca. (Mexico DF, CIESAS - Casa Chata, 2007). ‡ See the recent Bolivian Constitution, and Van Cott, D. (2000). "A political analysis of legal pluralism in Bolivia and Colombia." Journal of Latin...

  8. An overview of recent trends and current status of Forest Stewardship Council ) certification | July 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by engaging the power of market dynamics. Activities FSC, a multi-stakeholder organization, was foundedPacific(HK) LatinAmerica(Peru) Russia+CIS(Russia) Colombia Uganda Argentina Congo India Indonesia Ireland Latvia

  9. J. Field Ornithol. 73(1):7481, 2002 Is the White-flanked Antwren (Formicariidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botero, Carlos A.

    Colombia y examine´ experimentalmente la hipo´tesis de que sen~ales conspicuas de las alas de los machos alas de Myrmothercula axillaris proveen un ejemplo de co´mo asumir roles nucleares en especies con

  10. Impacts of Biofuel Production and Navigation Impediments on Agricultural Transportation and Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, Zafarbek

    2013-08-22

    , Paraguay, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay Excess Demand Regions (Importing Countries) Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France...

  11. The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Kai Olaf

    2009-01-01

    Cooley, John K. (2005) An Alliance against Babylon. London:The Future of the Atlantic Alliance. Colombia: University ofKai Lie* Draft The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New

  12. Foxburg-Clarion folio, Pennsylvania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lines, Edwin F.; Shaw, E. W. (Eugene Wesley), 1881-1935.; Munn, Malcolm John, b. 1874.

    1911-01-01

    This thesis presents a complete investigation involving experimental and compositional reservoir simulation studies into enriched gas injection as a method to enhance oil recovery from the San Francisco field in Colombia. In enriched gas floods...

  13. Strategies for the development of the software industry in Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cepero, Monica (Cepero Uribe)

    2007-01-01

    Using Michael Porter's framework for the competitiveness of the nations and Professor Michael Cusumano's theory on the orientation of the software companies toward services, I analyzed the country of Colombia's software ...

  14. Traditional, transnational, and cosmopolitan: The Colombian Yanacona look to the past and to the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jean E.

    In this article, we analyze a crisis that resulted when a vehicular road was illegally cut through a corner of southern Colombia's San Agustín Archaeological Park, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage site, by a nearby ...

  15. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Algeria 109 India 348 Brazil 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India 348 Brazil 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egypt 66 China 137 Colombia 71 South Africa 63 - CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (CMSP) ! 2 - MATHEMATICS (Math)! 1 - High Energy Physics (HECAP) ! 1 - Physics

  16. The Rise of Outsiders in Latin America, 1980-2010: an Institutionalist Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreras, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Party system collapse in Venezuela and Peru. Latin AmericanHawkins, K. A. (2010). Venezuela’s chavismo and populism inColombia, Costa Rica, and Venezuela) and have much higher

  17. Refining the theory of partisan alignmentsEvidence from Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreras, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Press. Hawkins KA ( 2010) Venezuela’s Chavismo and Populisme.g. Colombia and Venezuela), others have been reoriented inand Cha´vez (president of Venezuela between 1998 and 2013).

  18. Branch xylem density variations across the Amazon Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    dec) Latitutude (dec) 7-SW-Venezuela 4-N-Peru r 2 =0.15 P Venezuela 5-Ecuador MT-Brazil BoliviaN-Peru Ecuador Colombia SW-Venezuela NE-Venezuela AM-Brazil

  19. Phylogeography of the neotropical Anopheles triannulatus complex (Diptera: Culicidae) supports deep structure and complex patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    triannulatus C; trans-Andean Venezuela; central Amazonia +Colombia; and cis- Venezuela. The Amazon delta specimens areTRI) 10°39’N/61°09’W RCW Venezuela Trinidad-Tobago Salobra (

  20. The influence of ENSO on global terrestrial water storage using GRACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, T.; Nerem, R. S; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Famiglietti, J. S; Rajagopalan, B.

    2012-01-01

    variability (equation (6)). Venezuela and Papua New Guineacorrelation with the MEI (Venezuela/Colombia (À0.62), Costashows a decrease in correlation. Venezuela/Columbia (À0.78),

  1. An analysis of Pre-Columbian balsa raft design to determine the suitability of such rafts for ancient maritime trade between Ecuador and Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dewan, Leslie

    2007-01-01

    By approximately 100 BCE Ecuadorian traders had established extensive maritime commercial routes reaching from Chile to Colombia. Historical sources indicate that they transported their merchandise in large, ocean-going ...

  2. Survival cities : adaptive approaches to violence and insecurity on the periphery of Bogotá

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryson, Alyssa

    2011-01-01

    In Latin America, the most violent and urbanized region of the developing world, violence and insecurity are among the most powerful issues facing cities. In Bogotá, Colombia, decades of armed conflict and structural ...

  3. Municipal performance: does mayoral quality matter? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avellaneda, Claudia Nancy

    2009-05-15

    of Cities and Local Governments held in Cali, Colombia, on July 26-29, 2006. The statistical findings reveal that mayoral qualifications—education and jobrelated experience—positively influence municipal performance with respect to education enrollment, tax...

  4. Development of Energy Models for Production Systems and Processes to Inform Environmentally Benign Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz-Elsayed, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    industries of Germany and Colombia, 1998-2005,” Energy forthe cleaner energy mix relative to facilities in Germany andEnergy Agency (IEA), “Electricity/heat in Germany in 2009,”

  5. Another Kazakh megaproject lined up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-13

    This paper reports that Agip SpA and British Gas plc (BG) have signed an exclusive protocol of intent with Kazakhstan for joint further development of supergiant Karachaganak oil and gas/condensate field and related work in the Uralsk region of the former Soviet republic. The deal ultimately could mean an outlay of $6 billion during a 10 year period of boost production in the field, on stream since 1986, by drilling wells and implementing advanced recovery techniques. Reserves currently are pegged at more than 20 tcf of gas and a combined 1.9-2 billion bbl of liquids, an estimate likely to rise.

  6. News: Premio Ollantay 1989 - Acta del jurado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1990-04-01

    Colombia 2. Grupo de Teatro al Teatro Imagen, de Chile 3. Institución de Apoyo al Teatro al Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, CONCYTEC, de Perú 4. Teatro Infantil al Grupo de Teatro de Muñecos "Quijotillo," de Cumaná, Venezuela 5. Publicación... Colombia 2. Grupo de Teatro al Teatro Imagen, de Chile 3. Institución de Apoyo al Teatro al Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, CONCYTEC, de Perú 4. Teatro Infantil al Grupo de Teatro de Muñecos "Quijotillo," de Cumaná, Venezuela 5. Publicación...

  7. Coordinating Low Emission Development in Columbia (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.; Butheau, M.; Sandor, D.

    2013-11-01

    Colombia's economy has grown more than 4 percent per year for a decade, but climate change is posing new risks to sustaining that development. With the nation's coastal areas, mountain ranges, rain forests, plains, and river basins vulnerable to changing weather patterns and growing seasons, Colombia is building resilience to climate change while working to curb emissions and pursue new options for low emission development.

  8. Bringing Society Back into the Theory of the Firm: the Adaptation of the Mondragon Cooperative Model in Valencia and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Spencer Paul

    2015-07-10

    -op Model’ 219 Other American Examples 221 Parallels of the Mondragón Model 223 The Cajamar Cluster in Almería, Spain 223 The Italian Cooperative Movement 226 The Region of Santander, Colombia 232 Kerala Dinesh Beedi in India... resemblance to it. These include: the Cajamar cluster in Almería, Spain; the Italian cooperative movement; the region of Santander, Colombia; the Kerala Dinesh Beedi cooperative in India; and the Polish cooperative movement. Although all of the cases discussed...

  9. Oil, Water, and Wildlife: The Gulf of Mexico Disaster and Related Environmental Issues

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bickman, John W. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States

    2010-09-01

    The BP Macondo oil field spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has the potential to impact sea turtle and marine mammal populations, and others. This presentation will review the genotoxic effects of oil exposure in wildlife and discuss the potential for an oil spill to impact wildlife populations. Whereas some aspects of a spill are predictable, each spill is different because oils are highly variable, as are the environments in which they occur. The presentation will discuss what has been learned from previous spills, including the Exxon Valdez and the soviet oil legacy in Azerbaijan, and the potential dangers of offshore oil development in the Arctic. Related Purdue University research efforts in oil-spill related engineering and science also will be highlighted.

  10. Oil, Water, and Wildlife: The Gulf of Mexico Disaster and Related Environmental Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickman, John W.

    2010-08-04

    The BP Macondo oil field spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has the potential to impact sea turtle and marine mammal populations, and others. This presentation will review the genotoxic effects of oil exposure in wildlife and discuss the potential for an oil spill to impact wildlife populations. Whereas some aspects of a spill are predictable, each spill is different because oils are highly variable, as are the environments in which they occur. The presentation will discuss what has been learned from previous spills, including the Exxon Valdez and the soviet oil legacy in Azerbaijan, and the potential dangers of offshore oil development in the Arctic. Related Purdue University research efforts in oil-spill related engineering and science also will be highlighted.

  11. In situ radiation measurements at the former Soviet Nuclear Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tipton, W.J.

    1996-06-01

    A team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory conducted a series of in situ radiological measurements at the former Soviet Nuclear Test Site near Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan, during the period of July 21-30, 1994. The survey team measured the terrestrial gamma radiation at selected areas on the site to determine the levels of natural and man-made radiation. The survey was part of a cooperative effort between the United States team and teams of radiation scientists from the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the V.G. Khlopin Radium Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia. In addition to in situ radiation measurements made by the United States and Russian teams, soil samples were collected and analyzed by the Russian and Kazakhstani teams. All teams conducted their measurements at ten locations within the test site. The United States team also made a number of additional measurements to locate and verify the positions of three potential fallout plumes containing plutonium contamination from nonnuclear tests. In addition, the United States team made several measurements in Kurchatov City, the housing area used by personnel and their families who work(ed) at the test sites. Comparisons between the United States and Russian in situ measurements and the soil sample results are presented as well as comparisons with a Soviet aerial survey conducted in 1990-1991. The agreement between the different types of measurements made by all three countries was quite good.

  12. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  13. Oil discoveries and basin resource prediction in Latin America: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kronman, G.E.; Aleman, A.M.; Rushworth, S.W. (Amoco Production Company, Houston, TX (United States))

    1993-02-01

    Over 350 oil discoveries were made in Latin America during the 1980s. About 12% are estimated to contain reserves greater than 100 MMBO. Several of the larger finds (>500 MMBO), such as Cusiana (Colombia), Furrial/Musipan (Venezuela), Cano Lima (Colombia) and Marlim (Brazil) represent an important part of the giant field found worldwide since 1980. Most of the larger discoveries were made by national oil companies in Venezuela, Mexico and Brazil. Undiscovered oil resources of 40-80 BBO are estimated to remain in the highest potential Latin American basins, including those in Mexico, based on historical field size data and current geological knowledge. Over 150 BBO of produced oil and proven reserves has been found in the same group of basins. The probability of finding large undiscovered oil and gas fields (>100 MMBOE) in selected established and mature Latin American basins is high. The Campos (Brazil), Llanos (Colombia), Magadalena (Colombia), Maracaibo (Venezuela), Marahon-Oriente-Putomayo (Peru-Ecuador-Colombia), Maturin (Venezuela), Reforma-Campeche (Mexico) and Ucayali (Peru) basins have the best possibility for such accumulations. Another tier of frontier and emerging basins may also contain significant resources, but limited data makes it difficult to estimate their undiscovered resources. Some of the higher potential basins in this group include the Sierra de Chiapas (Mexico/Guatemala), Huallaga (Peru), Yucatan (Mexico), Sabinas, and Burgos (Mexico) basins.

  14. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1987-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986 was considerably reduced compared to 1985. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Venezuela had increased oil production, with Colombia showing a dramatic 71% increase attributed mainly to bringing on-stream the pipeline connecting Occidental-Shell-Ecopetrol's Cano Limon complex to the port of Covenas. Significant discoveries were reported from Argentina in the Olmedo, Oran, and San Jorge basins; Brazil in the offshore Campos and Amazon basins; Colombia in the Llanos basin; Ecuador in the Oriente basin; Mexico in the Bay of Campeche; Peru in the Ucayali basin; and Venezuela in the Eastern Venezuela basin. Eastern Venezuela's Furrial discovery is reported to have recoverable reserves of more than 1 million bbl of oil, and Shell's Ucayali basin discovery is reported to hold more than 7 tcf of gas. 7 figures, 10 tables.

  15. Recent hydrocarbon developments in Latin America: Key issues in the downstream oil sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.; Pezeshki, S.

    1995-03-01

    This report discusses the following: (1) An overview of major issues in the downstream oil sector, including oil demand and product export availability, the changing product consumption pattern, and refineries being due for major investment; (2) Recent upstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela; (3) Recent downstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Cuba, and Venezuela; (4) Pipelines in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; and (5) Regional energy balance. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

  16. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  17. Global nuclear material monitoring with NDA and C/S data through integrated facility monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, J.A.; Menlove, H.O.; Argo, P.; Goulding, C.; Klosterbuer, S.; Halbig, J.

    1996-09-01

    This paper focuses on a flexible, integrated demonstration of a monitoring approach for nuclear material monitoring. This includes aspects of item signature identification, perimeter portal monitoring, advanced data analysis, and communication as a part of an unattended continuous monitoring system in an operating nuclear facility. Advanced analysis is applied to the integrated nondestructive assay and containment and surveillance data that are synchronized in time. End result will be the foundation for a cost-effective monitoring system that could provide the necessary transparency even in areas that are denied to foreign nationals of both US and Russia should these processes and materials come under full-scope safeguards or bilateral agreements. Monitoring systems of this kind have the potential to provide additional benefits including improved nuclear facility security and safeguards and lower personnel radiation exposures. Demonstration facilities in this paper include VTRAP-prototype, Los Alamos Critical Assemblies Facility, Kazakhstan BM-350 Reactor monitor, DUPIC radiation monitoring, and JOYO and MONJU radiation monitoring.

  18. Technology Cooperation Agreement Pilot Project development-friendly greenhouse gas reduction, May 1999 update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.

    1999-05-11

    The Technology Cooperation Agreement Pilot Project (TCAPP) was launched by several U.S. Government agencies (USAID, EPA and DOE) in August 1997 to establish a model for climate change technology cooperation with developing and transition countries. TCAPP is currently facilitating voluntary partnerships between the governments of Brazil, China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Mexico, and the Philippines, the private sector, and the donor community on a common set of actions that will advance implementation of clean energy technologies. The six participating countries have been actively engaged in shaping this initiative along with international donors and the private sector. This program helps fulfill the US obligation to support technology transfer to developing countries under Article 4.5 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. TCAPP also provides a mechanism to focus resources across international donor programs on the technology cooperation needs of developing and transition countries.

  19. A neutron method for NDA analysis in the SAPPHIRE Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, K.D.

    1995-01-09

    The implementation of Project SAPPHIRE, the top secret mission to the Republic of Kazakhstan to recover weapons grade nuclear materials, consisted of four major elements: (1) the re-packing of fissile material from Kazakh containers into suitable US containers; (2) nondestructive analyses (NDA) to quantify the U-235 content of each container for Nuclear Criticality Safety and compliance purposes; (3) the packaging of the fissile material containers into 6M/2R drums, which are internationally approved for shipping fissile material; and (4) the shipping or transport of the recovered fissile material to the United States. This paper discusses the development and application of a passive neutron counting technique used in the NDA phase of SAPPHIRE operations to analyze uranium/beryllium (U/Be) alloys and compounds for U-235 content.

  20. Neutron method for NDA in the Sapphire Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, K.D. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The implementation of Project Sapphire, the top-secret mission to the Republic of Kazakhstan to recover weapons-grade nuclear materials, consisted of four major elements: (1) repacking of fissile material from Kazakh containers into suitable U.S. containers; (2) nondestructive analyses (NDA) to quantify the {sup 235}U content of each container for nuclear criticality safety and compliance purposes; (3) packaging of the fissile material containers into 6M/2R drums, which are internationally approved for shipping fissile material; and (4) shipping or transport of the recovered fissile material to the United States. This paper discusses the development and application of a passive neutron counting technique used in the NDA phase of the Sapphire operations to analyze uranium/beryllium (U/Be) alloys and compounds for {sup 235}U content.

  1. Paleosols and carbonate sequence stratigraphy, Carboniferous, S. Kazakstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehmann, P.J.; Cook, H.E.; Zempolich, W.G.

    1996-12-31

    Carbonate platform facies in the Karatau Mountains of S. Kazakhstan are analogs for coeval oil and gas fields in the N. Caspian Basin, W. Kazakhstan. Understanding the sequence stratigraphy of these analogs is enhanced by the recognition and interpretation of paleosols. Thirty four paleosols subdivide 620 in of Visean-Bashkirian carbonates that span {approx} 30 my. M. and U. Visean strata consists of slope apron to platform margin skeletal/oolitic grainstone subdivided by 15 paleosols, that stack into 5 upward-thinning sequence sets. The U. Visean marks a significant increase in accommodation where shelf lagoon burrowed, skeletal wackestone/packstone shoal upward into skeletal/oncolitic grainstonelpackstone. Here depositional units thicken and are capped by thin peritidal laminates, not paleosols. The Serpukovian has 13 paleosols developed in biostromal open shelf grainstone/packstone and skeletal/oolitic grain shoal complexes. The L. Bashkirian records a major flooding event where lower slope laminates lie only 7 m above three stacked, deeply-rooted paleosols. This section shoals upward into upper slope acid-rich turbidites. Sequence boundaries are marked by 4 burrowed firmgrounds in the lower slope facies and by paleosols in the upper slope facies. Paleosols are characterized by the following: (1) laminated micrite crusts (i.e. Multer crusts), (2) rhizoliths, (3) alveolar texture, (4) brown isopachous and pendant spar, (5) desiccation cracks, (6) glaebules, (7) micritized grains, and (8) tangential needle fibers of calcite. Most rhizoliths and micrite crusts penetrate less than 1 m of strata. The shallow penetration, dark color of the michte crusts and rhizoliths, and common isopachous cements may indicate significant paleosol formation in a humid climate. The repeated occurrence of paleosols on subtidal upper slope, platform margin and platform interior facies strongly suggests a eustatic or glacio-eustatic origin.

  2. Paleosols and carbonate sequence stratigraphy, Carboniferous, S. Kazakstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehmann, P.J. , Houston, TX ); Cook, H.E. ); Zempolich, W.G. )

    1996-01-01

    Carbonate platform facies in the Karatau Mountains of S. Kazakhstan are analogs for coeval oil and gas fields in the N. Caspian Basin, W. Kazakhstan. Understanding the sequence stratigraphy of these analogs is enhanced by the recognition and interpretation of paleosols. Thirty four paleosols subdivide 620 in of Visean-Bashkirian carbonates that span [approx] 30 my. M. and U. Visean strata consists of slope apron to platform margin skeletal/oolitic grainstone subdivided by 15 paleosols, that stack into 5 upward-thinning sequence sets. The U. Visean marks a significant increase in accommodation where shelf lagoon burrowed, skeletal wackestone/packstone shoal upward into skeletal/oncolitic grainstonelpackstone. Here depositional units thicken and are capped by thin peritidal laminates, not paleosols. The Serpukovian has 13 paleosols developed in biostromal open shelf grainstone/packstone and skeletal/oolitic grain shoal complexes. The L. Bashkirian records a major flooding event where lower slope laminates lie only 7 m above three stacked, deeply-rooted paleosols. This section shoals upward into upper slope acid-rich turbidites. Sequence boundaries are marked by 4 burrowed firmgrounds in the lower slope facies and by paleosols in the upper slope facies. Paleosols are characterized by the following: (1) laminated micrite crusts (i.e. Multer crusts), (2) rhizoliths, (3) alveolar texture, (4) brown isopachous and pendant spar, (5) desiccation cracks, (6) glaebules, (7) micritized grains, and (8) tangential needle fibers of calcite. Most rhizoliths and micrite crusts penetrate less than 1 m of strata. The shallow penetration, dark color of the michte crusts and rhizoliths, and common isopachous cements may indicate significant paleosol formation in a humid climate. The repeated occurrence of paleosols on subtidal upper slope, platform margin and platform interior facies strongly suggests a eustatic or glacio-eustatic origin.

  3. Contributing to engineering education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    's energy industry and certain other industrial applications. Through an integrated global network in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Guatemala, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Romania, Uruguay, USA and the renewal of Scholarships awarded in previous years. Scholarships For exceptional university graduates from

  4. Lithofacies, palynofacies, and sequence stratigraphy of Palaeogene strata in Southeastern Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Lithofacies, palynofacies, and sequence stratigraphy of Palaeogene strata in Southeastern Nigeria and Geophysics, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409, USA b Department of Geology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria c Instituto Colombiano del Petroleo, AA 4185, Bucaramanga, Colombia Received 27 April

  5. Ursula Hammes Professional Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    countries and petroleum provinces around the world (e.g., Nigeria, Iran, Colombia, Hungary, Ecuador, Morocco sites along Tenneco gas pipelines. Preparation of proposals, reports, and environmental audits. G. Geologic Consultant, Marathon Oil Company, Littleton, Colorado (January 1992 - April 1994). Established

  6. Research and Satellite Applications -Cristina Bentz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications ·New projects Overview #12;PETROBRAS Oil, Gas and Energy Company E&P TRADINGHEAD OFFICE DOWNSTREAM GAS & ENERGY REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE Houston Colombia Argentina Angola United Kingdom USA BRAZIL Bolivia Rio de Janeiro NigeriaVenezuela Ecuador Peru Mexico Tanzania Iran China Japan New York Uruguay Libya

  7. UNESCO RAPC A 3. Introduccin a los deslizamientos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    simple. Tipo Subtipo Actividad Profundidad Vegetacion Cuerpo 1 2 3 4 5 6 Caida Derrumbe Deslizamiento Caida lateral Flujo Avalancha de Debris Rotacional Translacional Complejo Desconocido Estable Activo,Caldas,Colombia UNESCO RAPC A 12 Mapeo de tipos de deslizamientos #12;3 UNESCO RAPC A 13 Mapeo de tipos de deslizamientos

  8. International Agriculture Fellowship: A Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration in Endophytic Biological Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    America and Sub-Saharan Africa. Our research team is awarding a 1-year fellowship for a qualified graduate in international agricultural development. Currently enrolled in a Ph.D. program. M.S. in plant pathology Location: Cali, Colombia! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kUU-DWOqmI Duration: 1 ­year, starting January

  9. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 31/03/15 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -months* Albania 3 2 4.14 Algeria 50 19 50.37 Argentina 142 53 111.55 Armenia 94 42 39.58 Australia 18 5 5.37 Colombia 49 13 55.76 Costa Rica 44 5 33.80 Côte d'Ivoire 12 2 14.83 Croatia 29 11 10.95 STATISTICAL SUMMARY

  10. Informal Formal WBA of Important Incidents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    , it is precise and captures the intuitive meaning of `cause' well enough for formal failure analysis. We justify757 controlled ight into terrain (CFIT) accident in Buga, near Cali, Colombia in late 1995 in mountainous terrain. Continued descent took them into a mountain, and the GPWS (Ground Proximity Warning

  11. Zonificacin regional del peligro de deslizamiento de tierras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deslizamiento de tierras provocado por terremotos. Este ejercicio se basa en datos de Manizales (Colombia terremoto de magnitud 6.3 en la escala de Richter que puede ocurrir cerca de Manizales. Los estudios, capaz de engendrar terremotos con profundidades de 10 a 13 km. y magnitudes por encima de 6 en la escala

  12. ON THE CALIBRATION OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND MONITORING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON THE CALIBRATION OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND MONITORING A brief, Colombia; ANASTASIA MINAEVA1 , Shell Exploration and Production Co., New Orleans, LA; SHAWN M. LEN1 , Ewen Technological University) In the DOE-sponsored project, "Calibration of Seismic Attributes for Reservoir

  13. NASA/TM2013218033 Rewriting Modulo SMT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz, César A.

    NASA/TM­2013­218033 Rewriting Modulo SMT Camilo Rocha Escuela Colombiana de Ingenier´ia, Bogot´a, Colombia Jos´e Meseguer University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA C´esar A. Mu~noz NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA August 2013 #12;NASA STI Program . . . in Profile Since its

  14. River Flow 2012 Murillo (Ed.) 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-62129-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a reach. Most of these methods focus on set-point control such that the most upstream or downstream water-0-415-62129-8 Control of a single reach with model predictive control M. Breckpot & B. De Moor ESAT-SCD Electrical Occidente, Cali, Colombia ABSTRACT: Many control strategies can be found in literature for controlling

  15. International Association for Energy Economics | 35 Regulating Generation Investment in Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    auctioned in Colombia; · Successful auction of other renewables such as wind, biomass and small hydro: more in which small hydro, biomass and wind plants compete with each other; (iii) biomass- and wind-scale hydroelectric plants: about 18,000 MW in Bra- zil, including Santo Antonio and Jirau hydro plants (3,500 MW each

  16. Effects of Mitigative Measures on Productivity of White Sturgeon Populations in the Columbia River Downstream from McNary Dam; Determine Status and Habitat Requirements of White Sturgeon Populations in the Columbia and Snake Rivers Upstream from McNary Dam, 1995-1996 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rien, Thomas A.; Beiningen, Kirk T.

    1997-07-01

    This project began in July 1986 and is a cooperative effort of federal, state, and tribal fisheries entities to determine (1) the status and habitat requirements, and (2) effects of mitigative measures on productivity of white sturgeon populations in the lower Colombia and Snake rivers.

  17. Improvement of Work-to-Break Characteristics of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Fibers and Yarn through Breeding and Selection for Improved Fiber Elongation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osorio Marin, Juliana 1982-

    2012-11-12

    but not least to my family in Colombia, for their support and love. My vi biggest gratitude goes to my parents, Javier and Carmen Julia; and my sisters, Luisa Fernanda and Sara Monica. Thanks for your unconditional support, for your love, advice...

  18. Counting Critters: Developing new ways to estimate wildlife population size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Len

    tamarin is a critically endangered primate, endemic to the tropical forests of NW Colombia. It is hard populations. Biometrics 65: 572-583 Photo: Neil Hope Photo: Callan Duck pups adults Listening for Whales tp ,1,5.0 pup 1 2 3 4 5 6+ t,1 a a a a a density dependent pup survival a Photo: Diane Claridge Traditional

  19. Thermal and Kinematic Evolution of the Eastern Cordillera Fold and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toro, Jaime

    Thermal and Kinematic Evolution of the Eastern Cordillera Fold and Thrust Belt, Colombia Jaime Toro and then calculated the conductive thermal state of key steps of the kinematic history using ThrustpackR 4.0. The models were constrained by well, seismic, apatite fission-track, and thermal-maturity data. The main

  20. Willingness to Pay Data Potential problems with WTP method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottgens, Hans

    of the harm · Wind turbines excellent example ­ Provide large gains, but need to assess the risk to birds?) not always included #12;CBA - Removing bats from a barn in Colombia #12;COSTS Bats and rabies · ­ In US - 47 cases of bat rabies since 1951 ­ Vaccination or treatment · #12;BENEFITS - bats? · 45 species of global

  1. 456162534236135124 enumerative combinatorics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardila, Federico

    . Enumerative Combinatorics, Vol. 1 (2nd edition) and Vol. 2. Course website. http of the fundamental combinatorial structures that appear in most fields of mathematics. We will address the questions-Colombia Combinatorics Initiative, a teaching and research collaboration between SFSU and Los Andes, with participants

  2. THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10 are yet to be reached for the entire country; Colombia is not expected to export biofuels of biofuels aimed at diversifying their sources of energy by reducing its dependency on fossil-fuels, using-industry to promote agricultural employment in rural areas. For the energy sector as a whole, the Colombian government

  3. Software Quality Modeling Experiences at an Oil Company Constanza Lampasona &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    Software Quality Modeling Experiences at an Oil Company Constanza Lampasona & Jens Heidrich No 7-43 Bogotá, Colombia alexis.ocampo@ecopetrol.com.co ABSTRACT The concept of "software quality by refining the "quality" of software development products and processes into sub-concepts down to the level

  4. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa n° visitatori Asia n° visitatori America Latina n° visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Venezuela 64 Ruanda 50 Armenia 94 Colombia 49 Senegal 50 Turchia 37 Cuba 46 22 PMA in Africa Algeria America Latina 196 Africa 194 Europa dell'Est 121 5 PMA in Asia più altre 32 nazioni 1

  5. Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    36 Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics Johannes Lehmann1), ColombiaQ1 CONTENTS 36.1 Bio-Char Management and Soil Nutrient Availability ............................................. 518 36.2 Microbial Cycling of Nutrients in Soils with Bio-Char

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 62, NO. 7, SEPTEMBER 2013 3271 A Multihop-Authenticated Proxy Mobile IP Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    , Colombia, and also with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada, and also with the Faculty of Computers and Information, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt (e-mail: staha@uwaterloo.ca). X. Shen

  7. *Year of initial appointment at Binghamton Abou-El-Haj, Rifa'at A., Professor, PhD, 1963,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    , PhD, 1963, Princeton University: Modern Near East, Europe. (1993)* Africa, Thomas, W. Professor Emeritus, PhD, 1959, University of California at Los Angeles: Ancient history, Greece and Rome. (1969) Appelbaum, Nancy, Assistant Professor, PhD, 1997, University of Wisconsin: Modern Latin America, Colombia

  8. S-MEP: A Planner for Numeric Goals Javier Sanchez(*) & Amol Dattatraya Mali

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mali, Amol D.

    S-MEP: A Planner for Numeric Goals Javier Sanchez(*) & Amol Dattatraya Mali Dept. of Elect. Engg-414-229-2769, mali@uwm.edu (*) EDESA S.A, Cra 18 86A-14, Bogota, Colombia, javier.sanchez@edesa.net Abstract Planning

  9. Homecoming Gator Growl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    at 7:00 pm. A ticket is required for entry, soyouMUST buy your ticket beforehand. Cost: Tickets cost being a Gator! When: Gates will open for entry into the stadium at 6:00 pm and Gator Growl will start are countries and places represented by our new B- Term students: Burkina Faso Chile China Colombia Korea Kuwait

  10. BOLETIN DE AVES MARINAS LATINOAMERICANOS VOLUMEN 2j NUMERO 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, David Cameron

    , durante un El Nino del Atlantico). Personas con inter~s en participar en el grupo 0 en el boletin deben CONGRESO DE ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL Cali, Colombia, 30 de noviembre hasta 5 de diciembre 1987. El congreso sera una oportunidad para reunirnos. Esperamos tener un taller sobre el estado de la investigaci6n de

  11. Formally Reasoning About Security Issues in P2P Protocols: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valencia, Frank D.

    Universidad Javeriana Cali, Colombia aaaristizabal@puj.edu.co, {halopez,crueda}@cic.puj.edu.co 2 CNRS property against outsider attacks. By formally modeling and analyzing a real-world, yet informally. In this paper we present a formal specification of MUTE, a protocol for P2P systems, modelled in the SPL process

  12. A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, William

    A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin America. This paper presents efforts aimed at using Natural Language Engineering (NLE) techniques to solve of three Latin American countries: Uruguay, Argentina and Colombia. An NLE system is under construction

  13. Genetic Variation and Population Structure in Native Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakobsson, Mattias

    Gene´tica Molecular, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelli´n, Colombia, 7 Center for Neurobehavioral´a, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose´, Costa Rica, 15 Departamento de Gene´tica, Instituto de Biocie^ncias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 16 Departamento de Gene´tica

  14. Latin American vertebrate systematic collections: status and management procedures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrizabalaga, M. Begona

    1994-01-01

    (Venezuela) Estacion de Investigaciones Marinas, Fundacion La Salle (Venezuela) Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional (Mexico) Escuela Politecnica Nacional (Ecuador) Fundacion Miguel Lillo, Tucuman (Argentina... Ciencia de Cuba (Cuba) Instituto de Ecologfa y Sistematica, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba (Cuba) Instituto de Historia Natural, Chiapas (Mexico) Colexao de Peixos do INPA (Brazil) Coleccion de referencia INVEMAR (Colombia) Instituto de la Patagonia...

  15. BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (ZIMMERIUS CHRYSOPS) IN VENEZUELA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (ZIMMERIUS CHRYSOPS) IN VENEZUELA WILLIAM GOULDING1 Park, Venezuela during the 2002 to 2008 breeding seasons. The enclosed nest was similar to descriptions, it is broadly distributed with a range that extends from Peru, north through the Andes to Colombia and Venezuela

  16. Introduction Around the year 1500, discoveries by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearl-Oyster, Pinctata imbricata, Industry in Venezuela and Colombia, with Biological and Ecological, Venezuela. ABSTRACT--In the 1500's, the waters of Venezuela and to a lesser extent Colom- bia produced more fishery in Colom- bia ended in the 1940's, but it has contin- ued in Venezuela with the fishermen selling

  17. BREEDING BIOLOGY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF THE SLATE-THROATED WHITESTART IN VENEZUELA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    BREEDING BIOLOGY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF THE SLATE-THROATED WHITESTART IN VENEZUELA ROMA´ N A´ National Park, Venezuela. Nesting activity peaked in late April and May. Only the female built the nest is the most common race in the Andes of Venezuela, Colombia, and part of Ecuador. Genetic information for our

  18. 12/14/14, 7:14 PMUSAID Announces Global Research Collaboration Awards | U.S. Agency for International Development Page 1 of 2http://www.usaid.gov/news-information/press-releases/aug-20-2014-usaid-announces-global-research-collaboration-awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER) program, a joint initiative designed to foster collaborative global systems in Colombia, improved yam seed systems in Nigeria, reduced exposure to arsenic and fluoride in East Africa that will map multiple geothermal areas and identify new forms of geothermal activity

  19. APPLICATION OF THE REVERSE ENGINEER IN THE MODELING OF A FRANCIS TURBINE IN A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberta, University of

    APPLICATION OF THE REVERSE ENGINEER IN THE MODELING OF A FRANCIS TURBINE IN A HYDROELECTRIC for the geometry reconstruction of a Francis turbine installed in a hydroelectric Minipower-station in Colombia directly from the machine and matched against the original incomplete drawings. The Francis Turbine

  20. 50 IEEE power & energy magazine july/august 2007 by Hugh Rudnick,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    50 IEEE power & energy magazine july/august 2007 by Hugh Rudnick, Alejandro Arnau, Sebastian Mocarquer, and Efrain Voscoboinik 1540-7977/07/$25.00©2007 IEEE #12;july/august 2007 IEEE power & energy be either North American or European. Countries such as Colombia and Brazil, among others, were directly

  1. LESSONS FROM FIVE YEARS OF EXPERIENCE IN ENERGY CONTRACT AUCTIONS IN SOUTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    and experiences from the energy auctions implemented in South America, namely in Brazil, Chile, Peru and Colombia1 LESSONS FROM FIVE YEARS OF EXPERIENCE IN ENERGY CONTRACT AUCTIONS IN SOUTH AMERICA Rodrigo Morenod a Imperial College London, UK b PSR, Brazil c Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile d Systep

  2. Leverhulme research network: ID20060104 EUROBRISA Page 1 of 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decision- making in several key areas such as energy production, agriculture, and water resources planning in several South American countries: 60% in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Uruguay; and 40/northeast Brazil, northeast Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and south of Brazil. Forecast skill heavily depends

  3. ELLA AREA: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT | ELLA THEME: THE GREEN ECONOMY 1 ELLA Area: Environmental Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and accountability ­ cannot be overstated. THE CHALLENGES OF PROVIDING GREEN BUILDINGS IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY% of electricity, whileproducing25%ofCO2 emissionsand65%ofwaste.Greenbuildingsaredefined as structures countries including Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico and Peru. Latin American experience demonstrates

  4. Abstract -The world has become information and technology dependent. The use of Information Technology is an effective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , with the degree of success being directly proportional to stra- tegic investments in science, technology, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil) Mauro Miskulin Facultade de Engenharia Eléctrica

  5. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean Area, and Mexico in 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1983-10-01

    Petroleum developments in the region in 1982 had a more varied pattern than in 1981 when all aspects were upbeat with varying degrees of increases. In 1982, Brazil, Mexico, and Guatemala had striking increases in oil production; Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia had moderate increases; and Argentina, Trinidad, and Venezuela reported declines. In exploration, Argentina reported several additional offshore Tierra del Fuego discoveries in the Cretaceous Springhill and 2 more encouraging gas discoveries in the Noroeste basin. Bolivia reported an oil discovery from Silurian rocks more generally considered a gas objective. Brazil extended and confirmed the Western Amazonas gas area with 2 discoveries. Colombia added 2 more spectacular oil discoveries in the Llanos basin to follow up 2 similar finds in 1981. Several countries reported that discoveries have increased the national reserves of hydrocarbons. Considering the social, political, and economic problems in several countries, along with the worldwide depression and petroleum surplus, developments in the region have been on the whole favorable.

  6. Crecimiento del PIB vs. Consumo de Energa (variacin % respecto del ao base 1990)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    % 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Venezuela % Oil Natural Gas.4% Coal 11.5% Natural gas 8.7% Crude oil 40.6% 2005 329,283 teracalorías Wood & others 14.0% Hydroelectricity 20.0% Coal 8.7% Natural gas 23.8% Crude oil 33.5% Hydro 57% Natural gas 0% Coal 28% Others 2

  7. Book Reviews, News Briefs and Recent Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1978-10-01

    mujer tradicionalmente sacrificada. Será por supuesto buena base de foro para después de las funciones. Con los mismos planteos políticos, en un país de democracia autoritaria, la Candelaria de Colombia da el ejemplo de un teatro popular sin la menor.... Los actores comunican en sus extraños gestos la fuerza imparable de una lógica cuya clave nos queda disimulada. Los símbolos de la opresión ejercida por unas momias sobre un joven apasionan al público argentino desde hace meses, sin tener nada que...

  8. V Festival Nacional del Nuevo Teatro: Las fuentes inagotables del arte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Má rceles Daconte, Eduardo

    1982-10-01

    adoptar este polisémico signo teatral. Son también los primeros frutos que se perciben como resultado de la instrucción sistemática que reciben nuestros jóvenes teatreros en la Escuela Nacional de Arte Dramático (ENAD) de Bogotá y similares en Cali y... Medellín: con mayor o menor intensidad los tres polos de desarrollo teatral más importantes de Colombia. Por supuesto, conjuntos teatrales de amplia trayectoria en el oficio han impulsado recientemente esta modalidad que sólo ahora en este festival se...

  9. A new species of Chilicola from Bahia, Brazil (Hymenoptera, Colletidae), with a key to the species of the megalostigma group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Favizia; Mahlmann, Thiago; Engel, Michael S.

    2011-12-09

    ) C. longiceps (Ashmead, 1900) ?? Mexico: Jalisco; St. Vincent C. huberi (Ducke, 1908) ? Brazil: Ceará C. aequatoriensis Benoist, 1942 ?? Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela C. mexicana Toro & Michener, 1975 ?? Mexico: México, Hidalgo, Morelos C.... In addition, we provide an expanded and updated identification key to species for the megalostigma group. Material and methods Morphological terminology used herein is adapted from Engel (2001) and Michener (2007), while the format for the description...

  10. News: Theatre Festivals- 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-04-01

    SPRING 2002 135 THEATRE FESTIVALS - 2002 ENERO Bolivia Chile Cuba FEBRERO Cuba MARZO Colombia Cuba ABRIL Bolivia México La Paz, Festival Internacional de Teatro de La Paz Santiago, Teatro al Aire Libre La Habana, Folkcuba y Encuentro... de Educación Artística Guanabacoa, Encuentro de Teatro para Niños y Jóvenes Bogotá, Festival Internacional de Teatro Camagüey, Festival de Arte Danzario Matanzas, Taller Internacional de Teatro de Títeres La Paz, Festival Internacional de...

  11. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  12. Reports & News Briefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1969-10-01

    of Demetrio Aguilera Malta's "Dientes Blancos." HOLZAPFEL, TÁMARA (University of New Mexico) Article: Griselda Gámbaro's Theatre of the Absurd. JASSO, ARTURO F. (Western Carolina University) Article: Orígenes de la crítica teatral mexicana. JOHNSON, DAVID... for the Humani ties, Fall, 1969. YALE UNIVERSITY Visiting Lecturer Alberto Castilla (Spain), Department of Romance Lan guages, 1969-70. U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT José Joaquin Ramírez Barrero (Colombia), Director of La Mama and Theatre Professor at Universidad...

  13. Caracas: Escenario del mundo (V Festival Internacional de Teatro)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Má rceles Daconte, Eduardo

    1981-10-01

    existió en Cracovia en los años 30 y radicado ahora temporalmente en Florencia, Italia), representó la obra Wie- lopole Wielopole, la cual se adjudicó ovaciones en cada función. Justamente en Wielopole, ciudad de Cracovia, nació Kantor en 1915. La obra... recuperado de la tradi ción popular colonial conocido como "teatro de relaciones" cuyo núcleo en esta obra radica en una anécdota político-religiosa: De cómo Santiago A pos- Historia de una bala de plata (Colombia), V Festival Internacional de Teatro de...

  14. Representación y justicia en Manda patibularia de Santiago García

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garavito, Lucí a

    2001-04-01

    Samper, ha llevado a un profundo cuestionamiento de los parámetros del ejercicio de la justicia en Colombia. Igualmente, la difusión de las ideas de Michel Foucault en el país - Disciplina y castigo en particular -, el film Dead Man Walking de Tim... (también propuesto en improvisaciones) creaba la sensación laberíntica del panóptico con el reo confinado bajo tierra. (10-1) El panóptico es una construcción ideada por Jeremy Bentham en el siglo XIX. Foucault la describe en Disciplina y castigo como un...

  15. El lesbianismo como monstruosidad en El cumpleaños de Alicia de Henry Díaz Vargas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñ oz, Willy O.

    2002-04-01

    de Díaz se remontan al pasado histórico de Colombia para sacar lecciones de historia o ilustran mordazmente cómo la opresión social y económica y la religión influyen en el comportamiento del pueblo colombiano. La única atención crítica que El... un texto de una pareja de lesbianas que termina en asesinatos? Quizá encontremos la respuesta en la teoría del lesbianismo. La crítica feminista concluye que la literatura lesbiana tiene por objeto contribuir a la liberación de la mujer dado que...

  16. Festival Report: III Festival Iberoamericano de Teatro de Cádiz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reverte Bernal, Concepció n

    1989-04-01

    siguiente proporción: dos de Argentina, una del Uruguay, una de Chile, tres de Colombia, dos de Venezuela, una del Brasil, una de Cuba, una de Puerto Rico, una de México y una de latinoamericanos en Suécia. Según el propio Margallo, la selección de... país por efecto del tráfico de armas y drogas. Finalmente Alvaro Restrepo, creador y protagonista único de Atanor-Danza, llevó a cabo un programa compuesto por Rebis (homenaje a Federico García Lorca), Variaciones contemporáneas sobre Chu Men Mu...

  17. New Central American Cinema (2001-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duró n, Hispano

    2014-05-31

    Institute) ICSR Instituto Cinematográfico de El Salvador Revolucionario (Film Institute of Revolutionary El Salvador) ILO International Labour Organization INCINE Instituto Nicaragüense de Cine (Nicaraguan Film Institute) xi IOM... interpretations to the debate of the recent history of Central America. In this study, Central America is defined as the geographical region between Mexico and Colombia, comprised by seven countries (Belize1, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua...

  18. New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01

    AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

  19. Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AllamehZadeh, Mostafa, E-mail: dibaparima@yahoo.com [International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

  20. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla fusione, Centro Ricerche di Frascati (Italy); Hirooka, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science and Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki (Japan); Hu, J. S. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (China); Mirnov, S. V. [TRINITI, Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation); NRNU MEPhI, Moscow (Russian Federation); Nygren, R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shimada, M. [JAEA-International Fusion Research Centre, IFERC Obuchi (Japan); Ono, M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ (United States); Tabares, F. L. [National Institute for Fusion, As EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    2015-02-01

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy), T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.

  1. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G.; Hirooka, Y.; Hu, J. S.; Mirnov, S. V.; NRNU MEPhI, Moscow; Nygren, R.; Shimada, M.; Ono, M.; Tabares, F. L.

    2015-01-14

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy),more »T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.« less

  2. Initiatives for proliferation prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    Preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is a central part of US national security policy. A principal instrument of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) program for securing weapons of mass destruction technology and expertise and removing incentives for scientists, engineers and technicians in the newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union to go to rogue countries or assist terrorist groups is the Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP). IPP was initiated pursuant to the 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act. IPP is a nonproliferation program with a commercialization strategy. IPP seeks to enhance US national security and to achieve nonproliferation objectives by engaging scientists, engineers and technicians from former NIS weapons institutes; redirecting their activities in cooperatively-developed, commercially viable non-weapons related projects. These projects lead to commercial and economic benefits for both the NIS and the US IPP projects are funded in Russian, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus. This booklet offers an overview of the IPP program as well as a sampling of some of the projects which are currently underway.

  3. ICSBEP Benchmarks For Nuclear Data Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, J. Blair [Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (United States)

    2005-05-24

    The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) -- Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia), Kazakhstan, Spain, Israel, Brazil, Poland, and the Czech Republic are now participating. South Africa, India, China, and Germany are considering participation. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled ''International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments.'' The 2004 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 3331 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data. New to the 2004 Edition of the Handbook is a draft criticality alarm / shielding type benchmark that should be finalized in 2005 along with two other similar benchmarks. The Handbook is being used extensively for nuclear data testing and is expected to be a valuable resource for code and data validation and improvement efforts for decades to come. Specific benchmarks that are useful for testing structural materials such as iron, chromium, nickel, and manganese; beryllium; lead; thorium; and 238U are highlighted.

  4. Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

    2012-11-15

    As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEF’s extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

  5. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  6. Tectonic Evolution of the Contaya Arch Ucyali Basin, Peru 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarro Zelasco, Luis

    2011-08-08

    , it has been proposed that uplift of the Pampeanas Range in Argentina (Jordan et al., 1983) and large-scale block-type uplifts in the Eastern Cordillera in Colombia (Gutscher et al., 2000) are a result of such thick skinned tectonics. We propose that a... the Andean chain has overlooked this compressional deformation in Peru. Jordan (1983) compared the foreland deformation above segments of flat slab subduction in the Pampeanas range in Argentina and the Peruvian fold and thrust belt. She describes a less...

  7. Book Reviews, Plays in Performance and Recent Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1980-04-01

    realizados hasta el momento en este campo. De aquí que el carácter abierto de la obra se haga patente y que invite al investigador a que forme posteriormente, y con base en estos materiales, "el rompecabezas completo de una historia del teatro en Colombia... sección consta del mismo número de ensayos y trata del siglo 92 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW XIX. Los primeros siete artículos enfocan el período desde el punto de vista socio- cultural y aportan datos de interés con respecto a las condiciones de...

  8. Institutions and the Volatility Curse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Weishu; Mohaddes, Kamiar

    2011-07-10

    and 12 can be found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Our sample also includes 32 out of the 34 OECD countries and 8 out of the 12 of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Thus our sample is very comprehensive... -Bissau Netherlands Tanzania Cameroon Guyana New Zealand Thailand Canada Haiti Nicaragua Togo Central African Rep. Honduras Niger Trinidad and Tobago Chad Hungary Nigeria Tunisia Chile India Norway Turkey China, People?s Rep. of Indonesia Oman Uganda Colombia Iran, I...

  9. Accounting for social impacts and costs in the forest industry, British Columbia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gale, Robert . E-mail: rgale@web.net; Gale, Fred . E-mail: fred.gale@utas.edu.au

    2006-03-15

    Business reviews of the forest industry in British Colombia, Canada, typically portray an unequivocally positive picture of its financial and economic health. In doing so, they fail to consider the following six categories of social impacts and costs: (1) direct and indirect subsidies; (2) government support through investment; (3) community dependence; (4) the maintenance of public order; (5) aboriginal title; and (6) the overestimation of employment. Our findings show that conventional economic and financial accounting methods inflate the industry's net contribution to the economy. We make a number of recommendations to address this shortcoming to improve future accounting and reporting procedures.

  10. A new species of antipatharian coral (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia: Schizopathidae) from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Opresko, Dennis M; Breedy, Odalisca

    2010-09-01

    A new species of black coral, Aphanipathes colombiana (Cnidaria:Antipatharia) from the Caribbean coast of Colombia is described. The species forms small flabellate colonies with anisomorphic polypar spines. It is morphologically similar to the western Atlantic species A. thyoides (Pourtales) but its hypostomal polypar spines are not reduced in size. The new species also resembles the Indo-Pacific species A. reticulata van Pesch but it has smooth-surfaced polypar spines, whereas in A. reticulata these spines have small tubercles on their surface

  11. Fertility and rate of growth in a beef cattle herd in the 0rient of Venezuela 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Crespo, Justo Nicolas

    1978-01-01

    status upon pregnancy rate in Venezuela. They calculated adjusted means of lactating and nonlactating cows to be 54. 3~~ and 89. 2~ respect. ively. Such results have been re- ported by . , everal authors in Bolivia (Plasse et aL. , 1975 and Bauer et a... and Huertas, 1974, in Colombia and Bauer, 1973, in Bolivia). Thc negative effect of lactation upon ferti. lity seems to be related to the plane of nutrition (IViltbank et al. , 1961, 1964; Villar et al, 1975; Stonaker et al, 1975 and Bazan et al. , 1975...

  12. Was Brazil's recent growth acceleration the world's most overrated boom?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, Jose Gabriel

    2012-11-01

    to such 2 Perhaps the main reason why for the ‘new’ left is so difficult to continue thinking critically in their new, ‘modern’, ideology (and in their new, ‘modern’ relationship to power) is explained by Freud’s idea that “[a]nyone who knows anything... , the year of the military coup); China*, rate of growth 1980-2011 = 8.7%; co = Colombia; cr = Costa Rica; dr = Dominican Republic e = Ecuador; gt = Guatemala; mx = Mexico; pe = Peru; us = United States; ur = Uruguay; ve = Venezuela; and za = South Africa...

  13. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  14. Precambrian geology of a portion of the Purdy Hill quadrangle, Mason County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutis-Duplat, Emilio

    1969-01-01

    ) (Head of Department) (Membe r) A ust 1969 ABS TRAC T Precambrian Geology of a Portion of the Purdy Hill Quadrangle, Mason County, Texas. (August 1969) Emilio Mutis-Duplat, Geologist and Geophysicist, Unive re idad Nacional de Colombia; Directed by...'s understanding of the geology of the area. Dr. Robert R. Berg, Head of the Department of Geology, who was a permanent source of encouragement. The members of the Awards Committee of the Department of Geology, for the award that provided financial support...

  15. Analysis of HEU samples from the ULBA Metallurgical Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gift, E.H.

    1995-05-01

    In early March 1994, eight highly enriched uranium (HEU) samples were collected from materials stored at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Oskamen (Ust Kamenogorsk), Kazakhstan. While at the plant site, portions of four samples were dissolved and analyzed by mass spectrograph at the Ulba analytical laboratory by Ulba analysts. Three of these mass spectrograph solutions and the eight HEU samples were subsequently delivered to the Y-12 Plant for complete chemical and isotopic analyses. Chemical forms of the eight samples were uranium metal chips, U0{sub 2} powder, uranium/beryllium oxide powder, and uranium/beryllium alloy rods. All were declared by the Ulba plant to have a uranium assay of {approximately}90 wt % {sup 235}U. The uranium/beryllium powder and alloy samples were also declared to range from about 8 to 28 wt % uranium. The chemical and uranium isotopic analyses done at the Y-12 Plant confirm the Ulba plant declarations. All samples appear to have been enriched using some reprocessed uranium, probably from recovery of uranium from plutonium production reactors. As a result, all samples contain some {sup 236}U and {sup 232}U and have small but measurable quantities of plutonium. This plutonium could be the result of either contamination carried over from the enrichment process or cross-contamination from weapons material. It is not the result of direct reactor exposure. Neither the {sup 232}U nor the plutonium concentrations are sufficiently high to provide a significant industrial health hazard. Both are well within established or proposed acceptance criteria for storage at Y-12. The trace metal analyses showed that, with the exception of beryllium, there are no trace metals in any of these HEU samples that pose a significant health hazard.

  16. Silo Storage Preconceptual Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

    2012-09-01

    The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage option’s primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argon’s design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, “Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study” (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

  17. The Future of Nuclear Energy: Facts and Fiction: An update using 2009/2010 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Dittmar

    2011-01-21

    An update of our 2009 study, "The Future of Nuclear Energy, Facts and Fiction" using the 2009 and the available 2010 data, including a critical look at the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, is presented. Since January 2009, eight reactors with a capacity of 4.9 GWe have been connected to the electric grid and four older reactors, with a combined capacity of 2.64 GWe have been terminated. Furthermore, 27 reactor constructions, dominated by China (18) and Russia (4), have been initiated. The nuclear fission produced electric energy in 2009 followed the slow decline, observed since 2007, with a total production of 2560 TWhe, 41 TWhe (1.6%) less than in 2008 and roughly 100 TWhe less than in the record year 2006. The preliminary data from the first 10 months of 2010 in the OECD countries indicate that nuclear power production in North-America remained at the 2009 levels, while one observes a recovery in Europe with an increase of 2.5% and a strong rise of 5% in the OECD Asia-Pacific area compared to the same period in 2009. Worldwide uranium mining has increased during 2009 by about 7000 tons to almost 51000 tons. Still roughly 18000 tons of the 2010 world uranium requirements need to be provided from the civilian and military reserves. Perhaps the most remarkable new data from the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, are that (1) the best understood RAR (reasonable assured) and IR (inferred) resources, with a price tag of less than 40 US dollars/Kg, have been inconsistently absorbed in the two to three times higher price categories and (2) uranium mining in Kazakhstan is presented with a short lifetime. The presented mining capacity numbers indicate an uranium extraction peak of 28000 tons during the years 2015-2020, from which it will decline quickly to 14000 tons by 2025 and to only 5000-6000 tons by 2035.

  18. Preparation of High Purity, High Molecular-Weight Chitin from Ionic Liquids for Use as an Adsorbate for the Extraction of Uranium from Seawater (Workscope MS-FC: Fuel Cycle R&D)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Robin

    2013-12-21

    Ensuring a domestic supply of uranium is a key issue facing the wider implementation of nuclear power. Uranium is mostly mined in Kazakhstan, Australia, and Canada, and there are few high-grade uranium reserves left worldwide. Therefore, one of the most appealing potential sources of uranium is the vast quantity dissolved in the oceans (estimated to be 4.4 billion tons worldwide). There have been research efforts centered on finding a means to extract uranium from seawater for decades, but so far none have resulted in an economically viable product, due in part to the fact that the materials that have been successfully demonstrated to date are too costly (in terms of money and energy) to produce on the necessary scale. Ionic Liquids (salts which melt below 100{degrees}C) can completely dissolve raw crustacean shells, leading to recovery of a high purity, high molecular weight chitin powder and to fibers and films which can be spun directly from the extract solution suggesting that continuous processing might be feasible. The work proposed here will utilize the unprecedented control this makes possible over the chitin fiber a) to prepare electrospun nanofibers of very high surface area and in specific architectures, b) to modify the fiber surfaces chemically with selective extractant capacity, and c) to demonstrate their utility in the direct extraction and recovery of uranium from seawater. This approach will 1) provide direct extraction of chitin from shellfish waste thus saving energy over the current industrial process for obtaining chitin; 2) allow continuous processing of nanofibers for very high surface area fibers in an economical operation; 3) provide a unique high molecular weight chitin not available from the current industrial process leading to stronger, more durable fibers; and 4) allow easy chemical modification of the large surface areas of the fibers for appending uranyl selective functionality providing selectivity and ease of stripping. The resulting sorbent should prove economically feasible, as well as providing an overall net energy gain.

  19. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Carribbean area, and Mexico in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1982-11-01

    Petroleum developments in 1981 continued in the pattern of recent years of increasing exploration and exploitation in response to the second catastrophic surge in crude oil prices thrust on the world economy in 1979. Production of crude oil increased in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico, whereas Venezuela, Trinidad, Peru, and Bolivia experienced declines. Exploratory surveys, exploratory drilling, and development drilling all increased in most of the countries reporting. Significant successful exploratory drilling is reported for several countries. In Argentina, the producing zone of the Austral basin has been extended farther offshore, and is reportedly productive in what is apparently the upper Malvinas basin. In Brazil, extensions to several producing areas are reported in the Campos basin. Also, the Jurua gas province of western Amazonas reportedly had an encouraging extension. Colombia had several discoveries in the Magdalena basins, but the 2 Llanos discoveries are considered much more significant. For a variety of reasons, several countries have undertaken or are undertaking changes in laws and regulations to attract foreign companies into exploration risk ventures. In some countries, exploitation ventures are also offered.

  20. Astroparticles in Latin America: current status and outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidelnik, Iván

    2014-01-01

    The successful installation and operation of the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina has been a milestone in Astroparticle research in Latin America, generating new regional research opportunities in the field. In this context, the LAGO project, begun in 2005 with the aim of studying the high-energy component of gamma ray bursts (GRBs). This observatory consists of different arrays of water-Cherenkov detectors installed in high altitude mountains throughout Latin America. Recently, it has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting studies on the solar modulation of the galactic cosmic ray flux. Currently more than 80 scientists and students from Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Argentina are integrated into the LAGO Collaboration. The high level of regional integration in the scientific community reached thanks to this kind of major projects, has led to the recent formation of the CLES (Consorcio Latinoamericano de Experimentos Subterr\\'{a}neos). This organization promotes ...

  1. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  2. Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.

    1994-07-01

    Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

  3. Pump packages for Colombian crude oil pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-05-01

    The Caterpillar Large Engine Center recently packaged ten engine-driven centrifugal pump packages for British Petroleum Exploration`s crude oil pipeline in South America. The ten sets, which use Ingersoll-Dresser centrifugal pumps, are designed to increase significantly the output of BP`s Central LLanos pipeline located in a remote region near Bogota, Colombia. BP anticipates that the addition of the new pump packages will increase daily volume from the current 100000 barrels to approximately 210000 barrels when the upgrade of the pipeline is completed in September. The ten sets are installed at three separate pumping stations. The stations are designed to operate continuously while unmanned, with only periodic maintenance required. The pump packages are powered by Caterpillar 3612 engines rated 3040 kW at 1000 r/min. The 12-cylinder engines are turbocharged and charge-air cooled and use the pipeline oil as both fuel and a cooling medium for the fuel injectors.

  4. Dissection of defense responses of skl, an ethylene insensitive mutant of Medicago truncatula 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro, Uribe Mejia

    2004-11-15

    , and the constant words of encouragement that I received from my family far away. vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I want to express my sincere gratitude to COLFUTURO, Corporaci?n Colombiana para el Futuro de Colombia, whose scholarship provided me...,720,707 Caribbean 27,162 31,139 36,764 37,159 37,552 37,941 38,327 Central America 78,562 98,401 128,005 130,390 132,765 135,129 137,480 Europe 472,669 489,101 728,901 728,622 728,076 727,304 726,314 N. America Devel. 243,303 265,609 304,557 307,773 310...

  5. Numerical study on transient heat transfer under soil with plastic mulch in agriculture applications using a nonlinear finite element model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Castro, Carlos Armando

    2011-01-01

    In this paper is developed a simple mathematical model of transient heat transfer under soil with plastic mulch in order to determine with numerical studies the influence of different plastic mulches on the soil temperature and the evolutions of temperatures at different depths with time. The governing differential equations are solved by a Galerkin Finite Element Model, taking into account the nonlinearities due to radiative heat exchange between the soil surface, the plastic mulch and the atmosphere. The model was validated experimentally giving good approximation of the model to the measured data. Simulations were run with the validated model in order to determine the optimal combination of mulch optical properties to maximize the soil temperature with a Taguchi's analysis, proving that the material most used nowadays in Colombia is not the optimal and giving quantitative results of the properties the optimal mulch must possess.

  6. Developments in the Nuclear Safeguards and Security Engineering Degree Program at Tomsk Polytechnic University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boiko, Vladimir I.; Demyanyuk, Dmitry G.; Silaev, Maxim E.; Duncan, Cristen L.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.; Killinger, Mark H.; Goodey, Kent O.; Butler, Gilbert W.

    2009-10-06

    Over the last six years, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) has developed a 5½ year engineering degree program in the field of Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A). In 2009 the first students graduated with this new degree. There were 25 job offers from nuclear fuel cycle enterprises of Russia and Kazakhstan for 17 graduates of the program. Due to the rather wide selection of workplaces, all graduates have obtained positions at nuclear enterprises. The program was developed within the Applied Physics and Engineering Department (APED). The laboratory and methodological base has been created taking into consideration the experience of the similar program at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). However, the TPU program has some distinguishing features such as the inclusion of special courses pertaining to fuel enrichment and reprocessing. During the last two years, three MPC&A laboratories have been established at APED. This was made possible due to several factors such as establishment of the State innovative educational program at TPU, assistance of the U.S. Department of Energy through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the financial support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and some Russian private companies. All three of the MPC&A laboratories are part of the Innovative Educational Center “Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation,” which deals with many topics including research activities, development of new curricula for experts training and retraining, and training of master’s students. In 2008, TPU developed a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was familiarized with APED’s current resources and activities. The IAEA has shown interest in creation of a master’s degree educational program in the field of nuclear security at TPU. A future objective is to acquaint nuclear fuel cycle enterprises with new APED capabilities and involve the enterprises in the scientific and educational projects implemented through the Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation Center. This paper describes the development of the MPC&A engineering degree program and future goals of TPU in the field of nonproliferation education.

  7. Recent Developments in the Management of Cameco Corporation's Fuel Services Division Waste - 13144

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Thomas P.

    2013-07-01

    Cameco Corporation is a world leader in uranium production. Headquartered in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan our operations provide 16% of the world uranium mine production and we have approximately 435 million pounds of proven and probable uranium reserves. Cameco mining operations are located in Saskatchewan, Wyoming, Nebraska and Kazakhstan. Cameco is also a major supplier of uranium processing services required to produce fuel for the generation of clean energy. These operations are based in Blind River, Cobourg and Port Hope, Ontario and are collectively referred to as the Fuel Services Division. The Fuel Services Division produces uranium trioxide from uranium ore concentrate at the Blind River Refinery. Cameco produces uranium hexafluoride and uranium dioxide at the Port Hope Conversion Facility. Cameco operates a fuel manufacturing facility in Port Hope, Ontario and a metal fabrication facility located in Cobourg, Ontario. The company manufactures fuel bundles utilized in the Candu reactors. Cameco's Fuel Services Division produces several types of low-level radioactively contaminated wastes. Internal processing capabilities at both the Blind River Refinery and Port Hope Conversion Facility are extensive and allow for the recycling of several types of waste. Notwithstanding these capabilities there are certain wastes that are not amenable to the internal processing capabilities and must be disposed of appropriately. Disposal options for low-level radioactively contaminated wastes in Canada are limited primarily due to cost considerations. In recent years, Cameco has started to ship marginally contaminated wastes (<500 ppm uranium) to the United States for disposal in an appropriate landfill. The landfill is owned by US Ecology Incorporated and is located near Grand View, Idaho 70 miles southeast of Boise in the Owyhee Desert. The facility treats and disposes hazardous waste, non-hazardous industrial waste and low-activity radioactive material. The site's arid climate, deep groundwater and favourable geology help ensure permanent waste isolation. Combined with a state of the art multi-layer landfill liner system, the Grand View facility represents an ideal choice to minimize environmental liability. Marginally contaminated wastes from operations within the Fuel Services Division are typically loaded into PacTec IP-2 rated Intermediary Bulk Containers and then transported by road to a nearby rail siding. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are then loaded in US Ecology owned gondola rail-cars. The gondolas are then transported via Canadian Pacific and Union Pacific railroads to the US Ecology Rail Transfer facility located in Mayfield, Idaho. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are unloaded into trucks for transport to the disposal facility located approximately 32 miles away. (authors)

  8. Cogeneration of Electricity and Potable Water Using The International Reactor Innovative And Secure (IRIS) Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ingersoll, D.T.; Binder, J.L.; Kostin, V.I.; Panov, Y.K.; Polunichev, V.; Ricotti, M.E.; Conti, D.; Alonso, G.

    2004-10-06

    The worldwide demand for potable water has been steadily growing and is projected to accelerate, driven by a continued population growth and industrialization of emerging countries. This growth is reflected in a recent market survey by the World Resources Institute, which shows a doubling in the installed capacity of seawater desalination plants every ten years. The production of desalinated water is energy intensive, requiring approximately 3-6 kWh/m3 of produced desalted water. At current U.S. water use rates, a dedicated 1000 MW power plant for every one million people would be required to meet our water needs with desalted water. Nuclear energy plants are attractive for large scale desalination application. The thermal energy produced in a nuclear plant can provide both electricity and desalted water without the production of greenhouse gases. A particularly attractive option for nuclear desalination is to couple a desalination plant with an advanced, modular, passively safe reactor design. The use of small-to-medium sized nuclear power plants allows for countries with smaller electrical grid needs and infrastructure to add new electrical and water capacity in more appropriate increments and allows countries to consider siting plants at a broader number of distributed locations. To meet these needs, a modified version of the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) nuclear power plant design has been developed for the cogeneration of electricity and desalted water. The modular, passively safe features of IRIS make it especially well adapted for this application. Furthermore, several design features of the IRIS reactor will ensure a safe and reliable source of energy and water even for countries with limited nuclear power experience and infrastructure. The IRIS-D design utilizes low-quality steam extracted from the low-pressure turbine to boil seawater in a multi-effect distillation desalination plant. The desalination plant is based on the horizontal tube film evaporation design used successfully with the BN-350 nuclear plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan. Parametric studies have been performed to optimize the balance of plant design. Also, an economic analysis has been performed, which shows that IRIS-D should be able to provide electricity and clean water at highly competitive costs.

  9. Determining Vulnerability Importance in Environmental Impact Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toro, Javier; Duarte, Oscar; Requena, Ignacio; Zamorano, Montserrat

    2012-01-15

    The concept of vulnerability has been used to describe the susceptibility of physical, biotic, and social systems to harm or hazard. In this sense, it is a tool that reduces the uncertainties of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) since it does not depend exclusively on the value assessments of the evaluator, but rather is based on the environmental state indicators of the site where the projects or activities are being carried out. The concept of vulnerability thus reduces the possibility that evaluators will subjectively interpret results, and be influenced by outside interests and pressures during projects. However, up until now, EIA has been hindered by a lack of effective methods. This research study analyzes the concept of vulnerability, defines Vulnerability Importance and proposes its inclusion in qualitative EIA methodology. The method used to quantify Vulnerability Importance is based on a set of environmental factors and indicators that provide a comprehensive overview of the environmental state. The results obtained in Colombia highlight the usefulness and objectivity of this method since there is a direct relation between this value and the environmental state of the departments analyzed. - Research Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The concept of vulnerability could be considered defining Vulnerability Importance included in qualitative EIA methodology. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The use of the concept of environmental vulnerability could reduce the subjectivity of qualitative methods of EIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A method to quantify the Vulnerability Importance proposed provides a comprehensive overview of the environmental state. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results in Colombia highlight the usefulness and objectivity of this method.

  10. Use of Data Denial Experiments to Evaluate ESA Forecast Sensitivity Patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zack, J; Natenberg, E J; Knowe, G V; Manobianco, J; Waight, K; Hanley, D; Kamath, C

    2011-09-13

    The overall goal of this multi-phased research project known as WindSENSE is to develop an observation system deployment strategy that would improve wind power generation forecasts. The objective of the deployment strategy is to produce the maximum benefit for 1- to 6-hour ahead forecasts of wind speed at hub-height ({approx}80 m). In this phase of the project the focus is on the Mid-Columbia Basin region which encompasses the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) wind generation area shown in Figure 1 that includes Klondike, Stateline, and Hopkins Ridge wind plants. The Ensemble Sensitivity Analysis (ESA) approach uses data generated by a set (ensemble) of perturbed numerical weather prediction (NWP) simulations for a sample time period to statistically diagnose the sensitivity of a specified forecast variable (metric) for a target location to parameters at other locations and prior times referred to as the initial condition (IC) or state variables. The ESA approach was tested on the large-scale atmospheric prediction problem by Ancell and Hakim 2007 and Torn and Hakim 2008. ESA was adapted and applied at the mesoscale by Zack et al. (2010a, b, and c) to the Tehachapi Pass, CA (warm and cools seasons) and Mid-Colombia Basin (warm season only) wind generation regions. In order to apply the ESA approach at the resolution needed at the mesoscale, Zack et al. (2010a, b, and c) developed the Multiple Observation Optimization Algorithm (MOOA). MOOA uses a multivariate regression on a few select IC parameters at one location to determine the incremental improvement of measuring multiple variables (representative of the IC parameters) at various locations. MOOA also determines how much information from each IC parameter contributes to the change in the metric variable at the target location. The Zack et al. studies (2010a, b, and c), demonstrated that forecast sensitivity can be characterized by well-defined, localized patterns for a number of IC variables such as 80-m wind speed and vertical temperature difference. Ideally, the data assimilation scheme used in the experiments would have been based upon an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) that was similar to the ESA method used to diagnose the Mid-Colombia Basin sensitivity patterns in the previous studies. However, the use of an EnKF system at high resolution is impractical because of the very high computational cost. Thus, it was decided to use the three-dimensional variational analysis data assimilation that is less computationally intensive and more economically practical for generating operational forecasts. There are two tasks in the current project effort designed to validate the ESA observational system deployment approach in order to move closer to the overall goal: (1) Perform an Observing System Experiment (OSE) using a data denial approach which is the focus of this task and report; and (2) Conduct a set of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSE) for the Mid-Colombia basin region. The results of this task are presented in a separate report. The objective of the OSE task involves validating the ESA-MOOA results from the previous sensitivity studies for the Mid-Columbia Basin by testing the impact of existing meteorological tower measurements on the 0- to 6-hour ahead 80-m wind forecasts at the target locations. The testing of the ESA-MOOA method used a combination of data assimilation techniques and data denial experiments to accomplish the task objective.

  11. The annual cycle in equatorial convection and sea surface temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, T.P.; Wallace, J.M. (Washington Univ., Seattle (United States) NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States))

    1992-10-01

    The coupled atmosphere-ocean system in the equatorial eastern Pacific and Atlantic exhibits a distinct annual cycle that is reflected in contrasting conditions at the times of the two equinoxes. The contrasts are so strong that they dominate the annual march of zonally averaged outgoing long wave radiation for the equatorial belt. The March equinox corresponds to the warm season when the equatorial cold tongues in the eastern Pacific and Atlantic area absent. With the onset of summer monsoon convection over Colombia, Central America, and West Africa in May-June, northward surface winds strengthen over the eastern Pacific and Atlantic, the equatorial cold tongues reappear, and the marine convection shifts from the equatorial belt to the intertropical convergence zones (ITCZs) along 8 deg N. On the basis of observational evidence concerning the timing and year-to-year regularity of the surface wind changes during the development of the cold tongues, it is argued that (1) the increase in the northward surface winds in response to the onset of the northern summer monsoon may be instrumental in reestablishing the cold tongues, and (2) positive feedbacks involving both the zonal and meridional wind components contribute to the remarkable robustness of the cold tongue-ITCZs complexes in both oceans. 36 refs.

  12. Central America and the Caribbean: No place for the unwary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, L.M.

    1994-11-15

    Central America and the Caribbean have not enjoyed the same high profile as more prominent independent power markets like India and China. Indeed, only one country in the region appeared in a recent survey of the 20 most promising markets: Panama, with a projected demand for 2,040 megawatts (MW) of new capacity, was ranked twentieth. Nevertheless, taken as a whole, Central America and the Caribbean offer significant opportunities for new development. Projected incremental capacity needs in some of the larger markets in the region include: Costa Rica (700-1,000 MW), Dominican Republic (1,100 MW), Guatemala (450 MW), Honduras (225 MW), Jamaica (729 MW), Panama (2,040 MW), and Trinidad & Tobago (200 MW). These markets represent an aggregate potential demand of 5,750 MW - more than the projected demand in Colombia, one of South America`s most active markets. Yet although its need for capacity is significant, the region presents developers with unique challenges because it comprises so many relatively small countries, each with its own special needs and characteristics.

  13. A qualitative method proposal to improve environmental impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toro, Javier; Requena, Ignacio; Duarte, Oscar; Zamorano, Montserrat

    2013-11-15

    In environmental impact assessment, qualitative methods are used because they are versatile and easy to apply. This methodology is based on the evaluation of the strength of the impact by grading a series of qualitative attributes that can be manipulated by the evaluator. The results thus obtained are not objective, and all too often impacts are eliminated that should be mitigated with corrective measures. However, qualitative methodology can be improved if the calculation of Impact Importance is based on the characteristics of environmental factors and project activities instead on indicators assessed by evaluators. In this sense, this paper proposes the inclusion of the vulnerability of environmental factors and the potential environmental impact of project activities. For this purpose, the study described in this paper defined Total Impact Importance and specified a quantification procedure. The results obtained in the case study of oil drilling in Colombia reflect greater objectivity in the evaluation of impacts as well as a positive correlation between impact values, the environmental characteristics at and near the project location, and the technical characteristics of project activities. -- Highlights: • Concept of vulnerability has been used to calculate the importance impact assessment. • This paper defined Total Impact Importance and specified a quantification procedure. • The method includes the characteristics of environmental and project activities. • The application has shown greater objectivity in the evaluation of impacts. • Better correlation between impact values, environment and the project has been shown.

  14. Experiences with energy prices in a deregulated market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebellon, P.

    1999-11-01

    The energy market was deregulated in Colombia back in 1994. Since then, an increasing share of energy has been traded at prices dictated essentially by market considerations, not always coherent with sound technical and commercial practices. This paper is based on the author`s experiences with the negotiation of a number of contracts for energy purchase between 1994 and 1997. It starts with a brief presentation of the Colombian power system, the key players and the structure of energy prices before the market was deregulated. An overview of the conditions that led to power shortages in 1992 is included. The document continues with the description of the operation of the Colombian deregulated energy market, as well as the available contracts and energy transactions. Then, the evolution of the energy bid prices submitted by different generating companies during the period 1994--1997 is developed in detail. The final part of the paper discusses the effects of the energy prices in the operation of the system; the financial impact for IPPs; the economic signals given to the market; and the overall performance of the national power system.

  15. Annotated bibliography of coal in the Caribbean region. [Lignite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orndorff, R.C.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of preparing this annotated bibliography was to compile information on coal localities for the Caribbean region used for preparation of a coal map of the region. Also, it serves as a brief reference list of publications for future coal studies in the Caribbean region. It is in no way an exhaustive study or complete listing of coal literature for the Caribbean. All the material was gathered from published literature with the exception of information from Cuba which was supplied from a study by Gordon Wood of the US Geological Survey, Branch of Coal Resources. Following the classification system of the US Geological Survey (Wood and others, 1983), the term coal resources has been used in this report for reference to general estimates of coal quantities even though authors of the material being annotated may have used the term coal reserves in a similar denotation. The literature ranges from 1857 to 1981. The countries listed include Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the countries of Central America.

  16. Measuring the speed of light and the moon distance with an occultation of Mars by the Moon: a Citizen Astronomy Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuluaga, Jorge I; Moncada, Jonathan; Quijano-Vodniza, Alberto; Rojas, Mario; Ariza, Leonardo D; Vanegas, Santiago; Aristizábal, Lorena; Salas, Jorge L; Ocampo, Luis F; Ospina, Jonathan; Gómez, Juliana; Cortés, Helena

    2015-01-01

    In July 5th 2014 an occultation of Mars by the Moon was visible in South America. Citizen scientists and professional astronomers in Colombia, Venezuela and Chile performed a set of simple observations of the phenomenon aimed to measure the speed of light and lunar distance. This initiative is part of the so called "Aristarchus Campaign", a citizen astronomy project aimed to reproduce observations and measurements made by astronomers of the past. Participants in the campaign used simple astronomical instruments (binoculars or small telescopes) and other electronic gadgets (cell-phones and digital cameras) to measure occultation times and to take high resolution videos and pictures. In this paper we describe the results of the Aristarchus Campaign. We compiled 9 sets of observations from sites separated by distances as large as 2,500 km. We achieve at measuring the speed of light in vacuum and lunar distance with uncertainties of few percent. The goal of the Aristarchus Campaigns is not to provide improved val...

  17. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, Keith L; Oladosu, Gbadebo A; Wolfe, Amy K; Perlack, Robert D; Dale, Virginia H; McMahon, Matthew

    2008-02-01

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

  18. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

    2008-02-18

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

  19. Petroleum geology of Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America, from Guatemala to Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scrutton, M.E.; Escalante, G.F.

    1986-07-01

    Exploration for hydrocarbons along the Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America has been limited and spasmodic. Less than 100 exploration wells have been drilled, with nearly 50 of these being in the Santa Elena, Progreso, and Guayas basins in Ecuador. Shows have been reported in some wells, and a few oil seeps are known. The only commercial production established to date has been from the Santa Elena Peninsula in Ecuador in the extreme south of the study area. Understanding of the geology in this part of the continental margin is incomplete at best. This paper reviews present-day knowledge in an attempt to define the sedimentary basins better, to characterize their structure and stratigraphy, and to assess their petroleum prospects. The area of continental margin reviewed is to the north, located northwest of the trench system where oceanic crust of the Cocos plate subducts under the Caribbean plate, and to the south, where the northern part of the Nazca plate collides with the South American plate. This plate tectonic setting forms the framework on which local structural and sedimentary events have created a series of relatively small trench-slope and forearc basins in what is now the coastal plain and adjacent offshore area of Central and South America, south or west of a line of mountain ranges with active volcanism. Sedimentary fill is generally of Tertiary age. The basins and subbasins recognized and described include: in Ecuador - Guayas, Santa Elena, Progreso, Valdivia, Bajo Grande, Manta, Muisne-Esmeraldas, and Borbon; in Colombia - Choco-Pacific; in Panama - Gulf of Panama basin complex (Santiago, Tonosi, Sambu), and Burica-Chiriqui; in Costa Rica - Terraba and Coronado/Tempisque; in Nicaragua - San Juan del Sur; and in the Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala - the Pacific coastal basin.

  20. Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) for the Mid-Columbia Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zack, J; Natenberg, E J; Knowe, G V; Waight, K; Manobianco, J; Hanley, D; Kamath, C

    2011-09-13

    The overall goal of this multi-phased research project known as WindSENSE is to develop an observation system deployment strategy that would improve wind power generation forecasts. The objective of the deployment strategy is to produce the maximum benefit for 1- to 6-hour ahead forecasts of wind speed at hub-height ({approx}80 m). In this phase of the project the focus is on the Mid-Columbia Basin region, which encompasses the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) wind generation area (Figure 1) that includes the Klondike, Stateline, and Hopkins Ridge wind plants. There are two tasks in the current project effort designed to validate the Ensemble Sensitivity Analysis (ESA) observational system deployment approach in order to move closer to the overall goal: (1) Perform an Observing System Experiment (OSE) using a data denial approach. The results of this task are presented in a separate report. (2) Conduct a set of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSE) for the Mid-Colombia basin region. This report presents the results of the OSSE task. The specific objective is to test strategies for future deployment of observing systems in order to suggest the best and most efficient ways to improve wind forecasting at BPA wind farm locations. OSSEs have been used for many years in meteorology to evaluate the potential impact of proposed observing systems, determine tradeoffs in instrument design, and study the most effective data assimilation methodologies to incorporate the new observations into numerical weather prediction (NWP) models (Atlas 1997; Lord 1997). For this project, a series of OSSEs will allow consideration of the impact of new observing systems of various types and in various locations.

  1. Evolution of the Llanos Basin and the deformation of the Eastern Cordiller, Columbia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addison, F.; Cooper, M.; Hayward, A.; Howe, S. O'Leary, J. (BP Exploration Co. Ltd., Santafe de Bogota (Colombia))

    1993-02-01

    The Llanos Basin is located on the flank of the Eastern Cordillera in northeast Colombia. Basin development commenced with the deposition of a synrift Triassic and Jurassic megasequence related to the separation of North and South America in the Caribbean. Basin development continued with the Cretaceous Back Arc Megasequence deposited in a back arc basin behind the Andean subduction zone. Three major sequences can be recognized corresponding to extensional pulses in the Tithonian, Albian, and the Santonian which control thickness and facies distributions. The primary reservoir in the basin is the Late Eocene Mirandor Formation which was deposited in a fluvial system which prograded from the Guyana Shield to the west-northwest. This was deposited as part of the Pre-Andean Foreland Basin Megasequence (Bartonian to Serravallian) which developed as a result of uplift onset and deformation in the Central Cordillera. This megasequence covered the Magdalena Valley the Eastern Cordillera ad the Llanos Basin. In the foothills of the Eastern Cordillera, the Mirador Formation begins to show evidence of marine influence and was probably deposited in a series of shoreface sands and offshore bar complexes in the Cordillera. The Pre-Andean Foreland Basin Megasequence includes the Eocene-Oligocene Carbonera Formation which was deposited in a low every fluvial system that was mud dominated. Within the Carbonera Formation, a series of major, grossly coarsening upward cycles can be seen which are separated by maximum flooding surfaces that approximate to time lines. These cycles correspond to the early phases of development of the Central Cordillera with each pulse being seen as an influx of coarser clastics to the basin. The deformation style in the Eastern Cordillera is a mixture of thin-skinned thrust structures and the inversion of the thick-skinned basement involved extension faults. The inversion structures include the Cuisana field, a giant oil and gas-condensate discovery.

  2. Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oglesby, Robert J [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL

    2009-12-01

    Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

  3. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

  4. Microbiological characterization and specific methanogenic activity of anaerobe sludges used in urban solid waste treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandoval Lozano, Claudia Johanna Vergara Mendoza, Marisol; Carreno de Arango, Mariela; Castillo Monroy, Edgar Fernando

    2009-02-15

    This study presents the microbiological characterization of the anaerobic sludge used in a two-stage anaerobic reactor for the treatment of organic fraction of urban solid waste (OFUSW). This treatment is one alternative for reducing solid waste in landfills at the same time producing a biogas (CH{sub 4} and CO{sub 2}) and an effluent that can be used as biofertilizer. The system was inoculated with sludge from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) (Rio Frio Plant in Bucaramanga-Colombia) and a methanogenic anaerobic digester for the treatment of pig manure (Mesa de los Santos in Santander). Bacterial populations were evaluated by counting groups related to oxygen sensitivity, while metabolic groups were determined by most probable number (MPN) technique. Specific methanogenic activity (SMA) for acetate, formate, methanol and ethanol substrates was also determined. In the acidogenic reactor (R1), volatile fatty acids (VFA) reached values of 25,000 mg L{sup -1} and a concentration of CO{sub 2} of 90%. In this reactor, the fermentative population was predominant (10{sup 5}-10{sup 6} MPN mL{sup -1}). The acetogenic population was (10{sup 5} MPN mL{sup -1}) and the sulphate-reducing population was (10{sup 4}-10{sup 5} MPN mL{sup -1}). In the methanogenic reactor (R2), levels of CH{sub 4} (70%) were higher than CO{sub 2} (25%), whereas the VFA values were lower than 4000 mg L{sup -1}. Substrate competition between sulphate-reducing (10{sup 4}-10{sup 5} MPN mL{sup -1}) and methanogenic bacteria (10{sup 5} MPN mL{sup -1}) was not detected. From the SMA results obtained, acetoclastic (2.39 g COD-CH{sub 4} g{sup -1} VSS{sup -1} day{sup -1}) and hydrogenophilic (0.94 g COD-CH{sub 4} g{sup -1} VSS{sup -1} day{sup -1}) transformations as possible metabolic pathways used by methanogenic bacteria is suggested from the SMA results obtained. Methanotrix sp., Methanosarcina sp., Methanoccocus sp. and Methanobacterium sp. were identified.

  5. Scientific Solutions to Nuclear Waste Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Bradley R.

    2014-01-30

    The Hidden Cost of Nuclear Weapons The Cold War arms race drove an intense plutonium production program in the U.S. This campaign produced approximately 100 tons of plutonium over 40 years. The epicenter of plutonium production in the United States was the Hanford site, a 586 square mile reservation owned by the Department of Energy and located on the Colombia River in Southeastern Washington. Plutonium synthesis relied on nuclear reactors to convert uranium to plutonium within the reactor fuel rods. After a sufficient amount of conversion occurred, the rods were removed from the reactor and allowed to cool. They were then dissolved in an acid bath and chemically processed to separate and purify plutonium from the rest of the constituents in the used reactor fuel. The acidic waste was then neutralized using sodium hydroxide and the resulting mixture of liquids and precipitates (small insoluble particles) was stored in huge underground waste tanks. The byproducts of the U.S. plutonium production campaign include over 53 million gallons of high-level radioactive waste stored in 177 large underground tanks at Hanford and another 34 million gallons stored at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. This legacy nuclear waste represents one of the largest environmental clean-up challenges facing the world today. The nuclear waste in the Hanford tanks is a mixture of liquids and precipitates that have settled into sludge. Some of these tanks are now over 60 years old and a small number of them are leaking radioactive waste into the ground and contaminating the environment. The solution to this nuclear waste challenge is to convert the mixture of solids and liquids into a durable material that won't disperse into the environment and create hazards to the biosphere. What makes this difficult is the fact that the radioactive half-lives of some of the radionuclides in the waste are thousands to millions of years long. (The half-life of a radioactive substance is the amount of time it takes for one-half of the material to undergo radioactive decay.) In general, the ideal material would need to be durable for approximately 10 half-lives to allow the activity to decay to negligible levels. However, the potential health effects of each radionuclide vary depending on what type of radiation is emitted, the energy of that emission, and the susceptibility for the human body to accumulate and concentrate that particular element. Consequently, actual standards tend to be based on limiting the dose (energy deposited per unit mass) that is introduced into the environment. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the responsibility to establish standards for nuclear waste disposal to protect the health and safety of the public. For example, the Energy Policy Act of 1992 directed the EPA to establish radiation protection standards for the Yucca Mountain geologic repository for nuclear wastes. The standards for Yucca Mountain were promulgated in 2008, and limit the dose to 15 millirem per year for the first 10,000 years, and 100 milirem per year between 10,000 years and 1 million years (40 CFR Part 197; http://www.epa.gov/radiation/yucca/2008factsheet.html). So, the challenge is two-fold: (1) develop a material (a waste form) that is capable of immobilizing the waste over geologic time scales, and (2) develop a process to convert the radioactive sludge in the tanks into this durable waste form material. Glass: Hard, durable, inert, and with infinite chemical versatility Molten glass is a powerful solvent liquid, which can be designed to dissolve almost anything. When solidified, it can be one of the most chemically inert substances known to man. Nature's most famous analogue to glass is obsidian, a vitreous product of volcanic activity; formations over 17 million years old have been found. Archaeologists have found man-made glass specimens that are five thousand years old.

  6. A new phase of matter in Oakland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, Spencer; Nystrand, Joakim

    2004-03-18

    Recent results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the phase diagram of matter at very high energies were the focal points of Quark Matter 2004, held January 10-17, 2004 in the Oakland, California convention center. About 700 participants, including 125 students, from 28 countries gathered for 5 days of plenary and parallel sessions. Besides the scientific discussions, participants enjoyed an afternoon of excursions; choices included visits to San Francisco, the Muir woods, and, of course, a chance to sample Napa Valley wines. There was also a day of introductory lectures for graduate students and a separate afternoon program for 50 local high school teachers. The ''Quark Matter'' conference series has evolved into the premier venue for relativistic heavy ion collisions, and QM2004 was no exception. The 44 plenary and 92 parallel session talks featured a veritable flood of data from STAR (Kai Schweda, LBNL), PHENIX (Tony Frawley, Florida State), PHOBOS (Peter Steinberg, BNL) and BRAHMS (Michael Murray, Kansas), at RHIC. This was accompanied by contributions from HERMES ( Pasquale DiNezza, Frascati) and HERA-B (Joakim Spengler, Heidelberg) and continuing analyses from NA-49 (Marek Gazdzicki, Frankfurt) and NA-57 (Giuseppe Bruno, Bari) at the CERN SPS. The theoretical contributions presented a broad range of models and calculations, from microscopic particle-by-particle simulations to hydrodynamic models that model the bulk behavior using an equation of state. A focus of much discussion was the question ''Have we found the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP)?'' This search was the prime motivation to build RHIC. Although the RHIC experiments made no formal statement, most conference attendees seemed to feel that the answer was yes. No single measurement makes the case, but the variety of data featured at QM2004 seems most easily explained in the context of a QGP. Some of the signatures included the suppression of high transverse momentum (pT) particles and, disappearance of back-to-back correlated high-pT particles (showing that produced particles underwent very strong energy loss before escaping from the medium), the strong elliptical flow (showing that the pressure was very high early in the collision), and the species dependent elliptical flow (showing behavior as an almost perfect fluid, as expected for a QGP). Data on deuterium-gold collisions presented at QM2004 provided important cross-checks, ruling out models that explained the observed phenomena as initial-state effects present in the undisturbed gold nuclei. Many of these signatures were reviewed in the 5 rapporteur talks covering high-pT and jets (Kirill Filimonov, LBNL), bulk properties and collective flow (Zhangbu Xu, BNL), correlations and HBT (Harald Appelhauser, GSI), leptons, photons and heavy quarks (Ralf Averbeck, Stony Brook) and theory (Ralf Rapp, Texas A & M). In addition, Mike Lisa (Ohio State), Miklos Gyulassy (Colombia) and Peter Braun-Munzinger (GSI) gave their personal views on the QGP.