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1

Oil history, potential converge in Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Azerbaijan, the oldest known oil producing region in the world, still holds great potential for new discoveries and increased production. A multi-billion dollar production sharing agreement was recently signed with a consortium of primarily western oil companies to develop three oil fields in the Caspian Sea. Soon, Azerbaijan will offer new exploration acreage both offshore and onshore. This paper describes the history of oil production in Azerbaijan, offshore developments, tectonics, stratigraphy, petroleum traps, mud volcanoes, and short summaries of several oil producing areas. Current production is about 9 million tons/yr of oil and 7 billion cu m/yr of natural gas.

Narimanov, A.A. [State Oil Co. of Azerbaijan, Baku (Azerbaijan); Palaz, I. [Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

2

Belarus: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belarus: Energy Resources Belarus: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":53,"lon":28,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Azerbaijan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Azerbaijan: Energy Resources Azerbaijan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5,"lon":47.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Azerbaijan field to step up oil flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that a unit of Pennzoil Co., Houston, is scheduled to operate a development program that could more than double oil production from Guneshli field off Azerbaijan in the southern Caspian Sea. Under agreements signed in Baku, Pennzoil Caspian Corp., Ramco Energy Ltd. of Aberdeen, Scotland, and state oil company Azerneft will have exclusive right to jointly develop the field. Partners' shares and other project details are to be laid out in the final development plan, expected by yearend.

Not Available

1992-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

5

Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, - Industrial Processes, People and Policy

6

Investment in Azerbaijan`s upstream requires attention to legal details  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When the 20th century began, Baku was a boom town without equal in the Russian empire. The city developed into a legendary cultural center, where some of the West`s leading commercial geniuses made substantial investments. Baku also was a city of diverse peoples, with its Azerbaijani core supplemented by substantial communities of Armenians, Germans, Russians and Swedes, not to mention merchant communities of other central Asian and Middle Eastern peoples. The miracle that caused Baku to bloom, then as now, was the promise of oil. Baku is arguably the world`s first important oil-producing city. As the 20th century draws to a close, Baku once more is on the verge of a transition that may restore its status as an important center for international investment and commerce. This article examines Azerbaijan`s legal environment as it relates to the natural resources sector.

Horton, S. [Patterson, Belknap, Webb and Tyler, New York, NY (United States); Mamedov, N. [Widener Univ., Wilmington, DE (United States). School of Law

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Upgrading the Radioactive Waste Management Infrastructure in Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radionuclide uses in Azerbaijan are limited to peaceful applications in the industry, medicine, agriculture and research. The Baku Radioactive Waste Site (BRWS) 'IZOTOP' is the State agency for radioactive waste management and radioactive materials transport. The radioactive waste processing, storage and disposal facility is operated by IZOTOP since 1963 being significantly upgraded from 1998 to be brought into line with international requirements. The BRWS 'IZOTOP' is currently equipped with state-of-art devices and equipment contributing to the upgrade the radioactive waste management infrastructure in Azerbaijan in line with current internationally accepted practices. The IAEA supports Azerbaijan specialists in preparing syllabus and methodological materials for the Training Centre that is currently being organized on the base of the Azerbaijan BRWS 'IZOTOPE' for education of specialists in the area of safety management of radioactive waste: collection, sorting, processing, conditioning, storage and transportation. (authors)

Huseynov, A. [Baku Radioactive Waste Site IZOTOP, Baku (Azerbaijan); Batyukhnova, O. [State Unitary Enterprise Scientific and Industrial Association Radon, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ojovan, M. [Sheffield Univ., Immobilisation Science Lab. (United Kingdom); Rowat, J. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Dept. of Nuclear Safety and Security, Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Seismicity in Azerbaijan and Adjacent Caspian Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

So far no general view on the geodynamic evolution of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea region is elaborated. This is associated with the geological and structural complexities of the region revealed by geophysical, geochemical, petrologic, structural, and other studies. A clash of opinions on geodynamic conditions of the Caucasus region, sometimes mutually exclusive, can be explained by a simplified interpretation of the seismic data. In this paper I analyze available data on earthquake occurrences in Azerbaijan and the adjacent Caspian Sea region. The results of the analysis of macroseismic and instrumental data, seismic regime, and earthquake reoccurrence indicate that a level of seismicity in the region is moderate, and seismic event are concentrated in the shallow part of the lithosphere. Seismicity is mostly intra-plate, and spatial distribution of earthquake epicenters does not correlate with the plate boundaries.

Panahi, Behrouz M. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29-A H. Javid Ave., Baku 1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

9

Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova Announces the Second Call for Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova EMP-AIM Announces the Second Call Universities from European countries, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova, which aims to build a structured by Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The project Erasmus Mundus Partnership for Belarus, Ukraine

Escolano, Francisco

10

Belarus: towards a new post-chernobyl rehabilitation strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......relocating populations from the most dangerous areas of Belarus, the third...development, such as improving the health and education systems or achieving...especially with regard to children health. After a careful appraisal...re-enforce the surveillance of the health status of the population and......

Zoia Trofimchik

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy Summit Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy Summit November 11, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman will lead a Presidential Delegation to Azerbaijan this week to participate in the 2008 Energy Summit hosted by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev on November 14. During the trip, Secretary Bodman and the U.S. delegation - including U.S. Special Envoy for Eurasian Energy C. Boyden Gray and U.S. Ambassador to Baku Anne Derse - will take part in a number of bilateral meetings with foreign heads of state and government ministers to discuss the U.S. commitment to the development of the Southern Pipeline Corridor and to

12

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Energy Resources Bosnia and Herzegovina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.25,"lon":17.83333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

13

Nominal and Real Effective Exchange Rate for Bosnia and Herzegovina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is presenting the overview of theoretic approach to Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) and Nominal Effective Exchange Rate (NEER) indicators calculation for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Special attention is dedicated to statistical difficulties in calculation and still limited implementation of this approach in Bosnia and Herzegovina. NEER and REER indices are indicators by themselves that BH has to work a lot to improve its competitiveness position. It is a widely known statement that a country's competitiveness improves when the relative price of its tradable goods declines. BH mostly trade with its raw materials, which are mostly natural wealth of the county like wood, coal and aluminium, so this cannot be a long-term and permanent solution for the country.

Sandra Hlivnjak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The oil resources of Azerbaijan: Survey and current developments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Azerbaijan, the third-ranking oil-producing former Soviet republic, produced 10.3 million tons of crude in 1993. Output, although slowly dwindling since 1966 as major onshore deposits have been depleted, now accounts for roughly 2.5% of former Soviet production. Reserves, estimated by various sources as ranging from 137 to 960 million tons, have been the focus of considerable interest by Western oil companies, as the government of Azerbaijan has sought foreign expertise and equipment in the development of promising offshore fields in deeper waters of the Caspian Sea. This paper describes the geologic structure of Azerbaijan's major oil- and gas-bearing regions (Caspian-Kuban, Kura, and Apsheron-Balkhan) and outlines the development history of major fields. Major onshore deposits on the Apsheron Peninsula, which yielded over half the world's petroleum in 1900, have now been largely exhausted, with production and exploration activity shifting to offshore deposits along the Apsheron Sill, an anticlinal structure extending from the Peninsula across the Caspian into western Turkmenistan. A prolonged process of negotiations between Western companies and the Azerbaijan government over the rights to explore and develop particular fields is summarized and the status of plans to construct an export pipeline to service outside markets is discussed. 14 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

Sagers, M.J. (PlanEcon, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)); Matzko, J.R. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Biological estimates of dose to inhabitants of Belarus and Ukraine following the Chernobyl accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of dose to inhabitants of Belarus and Ukraine following the Chernobyl accident A. Edwards...Medical Radiology (KhIMR), Kharkiv, Ukraine 4 Institute of Genetics and Cytology...and persons who lived in Belarus and Ukraine within about 30 km of the reactor were......

A. Edwards; P. Voisin; I. Sorokine-Durm; N. Maznik; V. Vinnikov; L. Mikhalevich; J. Moquet; D. Lloyd; M. Delbos; V. Durand

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Implementation of RODOS in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, and Future Perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Implementation of RODOS in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, and Future Perspectives V. Shershakov...European Union, Belarus, Russia and the Ukraine to cooperate in the development of the...Machines and System (IMMS CC), Kiev, Ukraine, and the Centre for Radiological and......

V. Shershakov; V. Kossykh; M. Zheleznyak; A. Mikhalevich

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - azerbaijan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BaghdadTyre July 13, 2011 Summary: with Hasan Mamedov (RussiaTurkmenistan), Cavid Tebrizli (Turkey), Simin Sabri (Morway, Azerbaijan), Behrouz......

18

Seismic Hazard Assessment of the Sheki-Ismayilli Region, Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seismic hazard assessment is an important factor in disaster management of Azerbaijan Republic. The Shaki-Ismayilli region is one of the earthquake-prone areas in Azerbaijan. According to the seismic zoning map, the region is located in intensity IX zone. Large earthquakes in the region take place along the active faults. The seismic activity of the Shaki-Ismayilli region is studied using macroseismic and instrumental data, which cover the period between 1250 and 2003. Several principal parameters of earthquakes are analyzed: maximal magnitude, energetic class, intensity, depth of earthquake hypocenter, and occurrence. The geological structures prone to large earthquakes are determined, and the dependence of magnitude on the fault length is shown. The large earthquakes take place mainly along the active faults. A map of earthquake intensity has been developed for the region, and the potential seismic activity of the Shaki-Ismayilli region has been estimated.

Ayyubova, Leyla J. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29A, H. Javid Ave., Baku 1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

19

TENDER: Grants for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan) International Summer School "Security Issues in the South Caucasus and Central Asia" at Siegen (Germany) from August 12th with participants from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany and Kazakhstan will focus on security issues arising from

Siegen, Universität

20

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 let spustya [Life after Chernobyl: 16 years later]. 2002.Press. Belarus and Chernobyl: The Second Decade. 1998. Ed.Alexievich, S. 1997. Chernobylskaya molitva. Hronika

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Some methods of oil and gas reserve estimation in Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article deals with the scientific and practical problems related to estimating oil and gas reserves in terrigenous reservoirs of the Productive Series of middle Pliocene and in Upper Cretaceous volcanic and sedimentary rocks. The deposits in question are spread over onshore Azerbaijan and adjacent offshore areas in the Caspian Sea and are approximately 6.5 km deep. This article presents lithologic, stratigraphic, and petrophysical criteria used for selecting prospects for reserve estimation. Also presented are information on structure of rocks and estimation of their lithologic and physical properties. New methods for the interpretation and application of petrophysical and logging data, as well as statistical estimation of reserves, in complex volcaniclastic reservoir rocks, are also discussed.

Abasov, M.T.; Buryakovsky, L.A.; Kondrushkin, Y.M.; Dzhevanshir, R.D.; Bagarov, T.Y. [Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan); Chilingar, G.V. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Stress State of the Earth's Crust in Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of the crustal stress has a practical implication in hazard mitigation. Knowledge on stress-related ground motion may help to improve the stability of public and private buildings. The stress state of the crust in Azerbaijan is studied in this paper by means of focal mechanism analysis and using different methods to determine the principal stress orientations. Two types of stress states were revealed in the studied regions. The territory of Great and Lesser Caucasus and Talysh folded zone are characterized by near-horizontal compression. The territories of Caspian Sea and Kura depression are characterized by near-horizontal tension. For both types of stress state, the predominant stress axes are oriented perpendicular to the regional geological structures.

Agayeva, Solmaz T. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29A, H. Javid Ave., Baku 1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

23

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy had maintained a web site that was meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consisted of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There were also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these was a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Azerbaijan.

anon.

2004-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

24

Distribution of Radioactive Materials in the Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan - 13567  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Absheron Peninsula forms the extreme Eastern part of Azerbaijan and juts into the Caspian Sea. The region has a long history of oil and gas exploration, transport, and processing and includes a number of abandoned chemical plants that were used in the separation of iodine from formation waters. As a result of lax environmental standards during the Soviet era, the industrial activity has led to serious contamination from oils residues, heavy metals and naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Radiometric surveys performed over a wide range of the Absheron Peninsula showed generally low NORM concentrations. However, radiation levels two to three orders of magnitude above background levels were detected at two abandoned iodine separation plants near the capital city, Baku. These elevated radiation levels are mainly due to Ra-226 and U-238 with lower contributions from Ra-228 and U-235. (authors)

Vandergraaf, Tjalle T. [Consultant, Pinawa, MB, R0E 1L0 (Canada)] [Consultant, Pinawa, MB, R0E 1L0 (Canada); Mamedov, Gudrat G.; Ramazanov, Mahammadali A.; Badalov, Vatan H. [Baku State University, Baku (Azerbaijan)] [Baku State University, Baku (Azerbaijan); Naghiyev, Jalal A. [Institute of Radiation Problems of ANAS, Baku (Azerbaijan)] [Institute of Radiation Problems of ANAS, Baku (Azerbaijan); Mehdiyeva, Afat A. [National Aerospace Agency of Ministry of Defense Industry, Baku (Azerbaijan)] [National Aerospace Agency of Ministry of Defense Industry, Baku (Azerbaijan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Scientific and technical assistance to the Republic of Belarus in the wake of the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations are presented in this paper from a visit to the Republic of Belarus after the Chernobyl accident. The trip was part of the Volunteers in Overseas Cooperative Assistance (VOCA) program. The primary focus of the paper is on environmental issues and the impact on agriculture. This overview discusses pertinent technical, social, and economic issues, and provides recommendations for continued international assistance. 4 refs.

Stanley, N.W.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Property:AdvancedEconomy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AdvancedEconomy AdvancedEconomy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "AdvancedEconomy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + false + Albania + false + Algeria + false + Andorra + false + Angola + false + Anguilla + false + Antigua and Barbuda + false + Argentina + false + Armenia + false + Aruba + false + Australia + true + Austria + true + Azerbaijan + false + B Bahamas + false + Bahrain + false + Bangladesh + false + Barbados + false + Belarus + false + Belgium + true + Belize + false + Benin + false + Bermuda + false + Bhutan + false + Bolivia + false + Bosnia and Herzegovina + false + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:AdvancedEconomy&oldid=282067#SMWResults"

27

Implications of outcrop geology for reservoirs in the Neogene productive series: Apsheron peninsula, Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Neogene sediments of eastern Azerbaijan and western Turkmenistan contain significant hydrocarbon reserves in deltaic reservoirs. Sedimentary logging of these reservoirs at outcrop in Azerbaijan has outlined four facies associations that encompass a range of paleoenvironments, from alluvial braided river sandstones and conglomerates to delta-front siltstones and mudstones. The facies associations suggest a river-dominated braid delta and are arranged into an architecture controlled by base-level changes: parasequences, parasequence sets, and sequence boundaries are key elements. The facies associations and stratigraphic architecture, together with outcrop observations of cementation and faulting, are summarized in terms of four idealized reservoir models: fluvial, delta plain, proximal delta front, and distal delta front. Each reservoir model has distinctive grain-size and shale distributions. Comparison of nearby oil fields with the studied outcrops suggests that the outcrops form good analogs from which to model reservoir architecture, barriers and baffles to fluid flow, reservoir heterogeneity, and reservoir quality variations.

Reynolds, A.D.; Bowman, M.B.J.; Henton, J. [BP Exploration, Middlesex (United Kingdom)] [and others

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

A safety management system for an offshore Azerbaijan Caspian Sea Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation will describe the Safety Management System that Azerbaijan International Operating Company (AIOC) has structured to assure that Company activities are performed in a manner that protects the public, the environment, contractors and AIOC employees. The Azerbaijan International Oil Company is a consortium of oil companies that includes Socar, the state oil company of Azerbaijan, a number of major westem oil companies, and companies from Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. The Consortium was formed to develop and produce a group of large oil fields in the Caspian Sea. The Management of AIOC, in starting a new operation in Azerbaijan, recognized the need for a formal HSE management system to ensure that their HSE objectives for AIOC activities were met. As a consortium of different partners working together in a unique operation, no individual partner company HSE Management system was appropriate. Accordingly AIOC has utilized the E & P Forum {open_quotes}Guidelines for the Development and Application of Health Safety and Environmental Management Systems{close_quotes} as the framework document for the development of the new AIOC system. Consistent with this guideline, AIOC has developed 19 specific HSE Management System Expectations for implementing its HSE policy and objectives. The objective is to establish and continue to maintain operational integrity in all AIOC activities and site operations. An important feature is the use of structured Safety Cases for the design engineering activity. The basis for the Safety Cases is API RP 75 and 14 J for offshore facilities and API RP 750 for onshore facilities both complimented by {open_quotes}Best International Oilfield Practice{close_quotes}. When viewed overall, this approach provides a fully integrated system of HSE management from design into operation.

Brasic, M.F.; Barber, S.W.; Hill, A.S.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The geological and geochemical study of the mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Azerbaijan is a classic region for the study of mud volcanism. Of the 700 mud volcanoes known in the world, 220 are in Azerbaijan. These are of great interest, not least in relation to oil and gas exploration since they give information on subsurface sediments beyond the reach of drilling. Mud volcanoes are clearly visible on satellite images. They are confined to structural lineaments and associated fractures. Changes in the morphology of some mud volcanoes post-eruption can be detected from a series of images pre-dating and post-dating eruptions. Mud volcanoes are notable for gradients of temperature that are by an order of magnitude or a factor of 102 greater than the temperature gradients established elsewhere. The gases of mud volcanoes consist mainly of methane (95-100%). There are small amounts of C{sub 2-6}, CO{sub 2}, N{sub 2}, He and Ar. The isotopic composition of carbon (ICC) within the methane varies from -61.29. to -35.W{close_quotes} which is isotopically heavier than the methane from producing fields. The ICC of the CO{sub 2} has a very wide range (from -49.6% to +23.1%), indicating several sources of its formation. The isotopically superheavy CO{sub 2} (+5%) is especially interesting. Oils from mud volcanoes are typically severely biodegraded. Their ICC ranges from -24.76% to -28.2%. A relationship between {partial_derivative}{sup l3}C of oils and ages of accumulations has been established. Waters of mud volcanoes are lightly mineralised, containing chiefly bicarbonates and sodium. The hydrogen composition of the water is abnormally heavy. Ejected rocks from mud volcanoes range in age from Cretaceous - Pliocene. Their study suggests that deeply buried reservoirs maintain good poroperm characteristics because of relatively little catagenesis.

Guliyev, I.A.; Aliyev, A.A.; Rahmanov, R.R. [Geological Institute of the Azerbaijan academy of sciences (GIA), Baku (Azerbaijan)] [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Neogene stratigraphy and sedimentology in eastern Azerbaijan: Outcrop observations and subsurface implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The largely Pliocene Productive Series of eastern Azerbaijan contains about 26 billion barrels oil equivalent. It is well exposed in outcrops on the Apsheron Peninsula which a joint team from the GIA and the BP and Statoil Alliance have described. Detailed biostratigraphic and petrographic studies have subsequently been carried out. Productive Series deposition was initiated by a dramatic relative sea-level fall which left the South Caspian an isolated basin fed by deeply incised precursors to the modern Volga, Amu Darya, and Kura rivers. Five facies associations have been recognised within the Productive Series at outcrop, encompassing a range of palaeoenvironments from alluvial braided river sandstones and conglomerates to delta-front siltstones and mudstones. The facies associations suggest a river-dominated, braid delta. Four idealised reservoir models can be recognised: fluvial, delta-plain, proximal delta-front and distal delta-front. Each has distinct grain-size and shale distributions. Studies of nearby oilfields suggest that these models form useful subsurface analogues. Flow simulation models suggest that each reservoir type has dramatically different performance. Productive Series sediments are typically loosely cemented and smectite rich, which may result in clay swelling and sand control problems. Localised reduction in reservoir quality is caused by fault-associated calcite cements. Proximal facies of the upper Productive Series contain porosity occluding gypsum cements. Palynology and nannopalaeontology have been applied to the Neogene sediments of Azerbaijan for almost the first time, and have given encouraging results, at least in terms of a broad biozonation. Micropaleontological analyses have also provided useful palaeoenvironmental data.

Ali-zade, A.A.; Guliyev, I.S.; Ateava, E.Z. [GIA, Baku (Azerbaijan)] [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

United Nations A/67/L.75* General Assembly Distr.: Limited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and related fields Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize water resources, Appreciating the ongoing work of the organizations of the United Nations system

Cambridge, University of

32

WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Armenia3 LM Chad L Suriname LM Azerbaijan3 LM Comoros L Trinidad and UM Belarus3 LM Congo (Republic) LM

Milano-Bicocca, Università

33

he crisis in Ukraine and protests in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) have made this calendar year an exceptionally eventful one for our region. This issue profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T he crisis in Ukraine and protests in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) have made this calendar year provided a thoughtful perspective on the crisis in Ukraine in his April 2014 speech titled, "A New protests and Ukraine's deeper struggle to balance Eastern and Western influences. Turning to the political

Qian, Ning

34

U.S./Belarus/Ukraine joint research on the biomedical effects of the Chernobyl Reactor Accident. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Cancer Institute has negotiated with the governments of Belarus and Ukraine (Ministers/Ministries of Health, institutions and scientists) to develop scientific research protocols to study the effects of radioactive iodine released by the Chernobyl accident upon thyroid anatomy and function in defined cohorts of persons under the age of 19 years at the time of the accident. These studies include prospective long term medical follow-up of the cohort and the reconstruction of the radiation dose to each cohort subject's thyroid. The protocol for the study in Belarus was signed by the US and Belorussian governments in May 1994 and the protocol for the study in Ukraine was signed by the US and Ukraine in May 1995. A second scientific research protocol also was negotiated with Ukraine to study the feasibility of a long term study to follow the development of leukemia and lymphoma among Ukrainian cleanup workers; this protocol was signed by the US and Ukraine in October 1996.

Bruce Wachholz

2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

35

Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 1 + Argentina + 0 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 3 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 1 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 1 + Barbados + 1 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 2 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 0 + Bolivia + 1 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy&oldid=314431

36

Non Annex B Countries List  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

37

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional definitions Regional definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure M1) are defined as follows: OECD (18 percent of the 2011 world population): OECD Americas-United States, Canada, Chile, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. Israel is reported in OECD Europe for statistical purposes. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2013 world population): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2013 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and

38

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

39

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Property Type Number Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 1 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 2 + Argentina + 6 + Armenia + 2 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 1 + B Bahamas + 2 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 8 + Barbados + 3 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 3 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 + Bolivia + 2 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms&oldid=59092

40

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

42

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional definitions Regional definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure M1) are defined as follows: OECD (18 percent of the 2011 world population): OECD Americas-United States, Canada, Chile, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom; OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2011 world population): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2011 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan,

43

Property:NumberOfSolarResources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfSolarResources NumberOfSolarResources Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfSolarResources" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 2 + Armenia + 0 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 0 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 2 + Bolivia + 0 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfSolarResources&oldid=313617#SMWResults" What links here

44

Estimation of thyroid doses received by the population of Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within weeks of the Chernobyl accident ABOUT 300,000 measurements of human thyroidal iodine-131 content were conducted in the more contaminated areas of Belarus. Results of these and other measurements form the basis of thyroid-dose reconstruction for the residents. For Class 1 (measured dose), individual doses are estimated directly from measured thyroidal iodine content plus information on life style and dietary habits. Such estimates are available for about 130,000 individuals from Gomel and Mogilev Oblasts and Minsk City. For Class 2 (passport doses), every settlement with a sufficient number of residents with measured doses, individual thyroid-dose distributions were determined for several age groups and levels of milk consumption. A population of about 2.7 million resides in the passport settlements.

Gavrilin, Y.; Khrouch, V.; Shinkarev, S. [Institut Biofiziki, Moscow (Russian Federation); Drozdovitch, V.; Minenko, V.; Shemyakina, E. [Institute of Radiation Medicine, Minsk (Belarus); Bouville, A. [National Cancer Inst., Rockville, MD (United States); Anspaugh, L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus, 2003. 21 7+( '(),1,7,21 2) 38/6$7,1* +($7 3,3(6 $1 29(59,(  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proc. 5th Minsk International Seminar (Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps and Refrigerators), Minsk, Belarus)-711-685-2142, Fax: (+49)-711-685-2010, E-mail: khandekar@ike.uni-stuttgart.de $EVWUDFW Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) have emerged as interesting alternatives to conventional heat transfer technologies. These simple

Khandekar, Sameer

46

Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Institutional Studies and Planning, 2001). The research of this thesis was limited to students of the NIS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bclarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine... 22 Q-5 In what country were you born? Q-6 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 3 Belarus 4 Georgia 5 Kazakhstan 6 Kyrgyzstan 7 Latvia 8 Lithuania 9 Moldova 10 Russia 11 Tajikistan 12 Turkmenistan 13 Ukraine 14 Uzbekistan 15 Other (Please Specify...

Leuenberger, Larissa Diane

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

47

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

48

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

49

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Newsletter Signup Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

51

Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

du Rwanda [INSR] and ORC Macro. 2006. "Rwanda DemographicCalverton, Maryland: INSR and ORC Macro. Isabirye, S. B. andde la Population [Rwanda] and ORC Macro. 1993. "Enqute

Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Sustainability Evaluation of Resident Building in Bosnia and Herzegovina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This evaluation will be based on the selection of a number of resident buildings as the potential options appropriate for the geographic, climate and cultural region. With multi-criteria method based on the selected number of indicators the sustainability index...

Zlomusica, E.; Afgan, N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Memory Slain: Recovering Cultural Heritage in Post-war Bosnia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abdelaziz, A. (1995). Memory of the worldPreserving theIn J. W. Mller (Ed. ), Memory and power in post-war Europe:and constructs of social memory. Archival Issues, 24(2),

Supple, Shannon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

55

Peculiarity of Seismicity in the Balakend-Zagatal Region, Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of seismicity in the Balakend-Zagatal region demonstrates a temporal correlation of small events in the region with the moderate events in Caucasus for the time interval of 1980 to 1990. It is shown that the processes resulting in deformation and tectonic movements of main structural elements of the Caucasus region are internal and are not related to large-scale tectonic processes. A week dependence of the regional movements on the large-scale motion of the lithospheric plates and microplates is apparent from another geological and geodetic data as well.

Ismail-Zadeh, Tahir T. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29A, H. Javid Ave., Baku 1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

57

Composition and properties of oil shale from the Turovskoe deposit in Belarus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance characteristics and chemical composition of a technological sample taken by the Belarussian prospecting expedition in the west of the Turovskoe deposit in 2007 were determined.

I. I. Lishtvan; P. L. Falyushin; V. M. Kraiko; E. V. Anufrieva

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

2012ExpertListingMASTERCOPY.xls  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Organization Title Organization Title Country/Subject Primary Expert Phone # (202- 586-xxxx) Email Alternate Expert Phone # (202- 586-xxxx) or (202-287-xxxx) Email PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Armenia Michael Apicelli 1238 Michael.Apicelli@hq.doe.gov David Gottfried 5622 david.gottfried@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Azerbaijan David Gottfried 5622 david.gottfried@hq.doe.gov Michael Apicelli 1238 Michael.Apicelli@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Belarus Paul Tumminia 8036 paul.tumminia@hq.doe.gov David Miller 9925 David.miller@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Climate Change Michael Apicelli 1238 Michael.Apicelli@hq.doe.gov David Gottfried 1238 david.gottfried@hq.doe.gov PI-21 Russian & Eurasian Affairs Electricity Issues Michael Apicelli

59

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

60

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Property Type Number Description Number of Low Emissions development planning(ProgramTopics) and Agriculture(Sector) programs for a country Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 0 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 3 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 3 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 +

62

Genocidal Rape in Bosnia: Redress in United States Courts under the Alien Tort Claims Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATES COURTS UNDER THE ALIEN TORT CLAIMS ACT Yolanda S. Wu*of any civil action by an alien for tort only, commit- 3.focuses on application of the Alien Tort Claims Act to focus

Wu, Yolanda S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Petrophysical characterization of Middle Pliocene Reservoirs, Guneschli Field, Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Guneshli Field is one of several large fields on the Apsheron Ridge, a bathymmic, and structural high, separating the North and South Caspian deeps. In total this trend contains more than 4 billion barrels of oil equivalent. The main reservoir is the Middle Pliocene Productive Series which is interpreted as a series of stacked wave dominated deltas. Reservoirs are fine to very-fine-grained sublitharenites, to feldspathic litharenites with excellent well-connected macro and meso pore systems. Porosity and permeability are texturally controlled due to depositional energy and provenance (as opposed to diagenetically controlled) primarily by grain size, sorting and percent of ductile shale rock fragments. Rarely, carbonate cement partially occludes primary pores. Six main lithofacies were recognized in core and described according to pore throat geometry and flow unit characteristics. Porosity, permeability, and mercury injection capillary pressure data were collected on reservoir and seal rocks. These data were used to define pore throat size distribution, hydrocarbon column height, sealing capacity, and irreducible water saturation for each facies. Porosity and permeability tests on reservoir samples at increasing confining stress conditions show only minor reductions in porosity and permeability. Permeability of poorly consolidated sands, in the absence of conventional plugs, can be estimated from mercury injection data on core chips or cuttings and from grain size data. Reservoir simulation models suggest Guneshli reservoirs have good displacement characteristics and are good waterflood candidates, with recovery being as high as 40% of the original oil-in-place.

Adams, C. [Amoco Production Company, Houston, TX (United States); Gousseinov, B. [Socar, Baku (Azerbaijan)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Seismic Hazard Assessment for the Baku City and Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with the seismic hazard assessment for Baku and the Absheron peninsula. The assessment is based on the information on the features of earthquake ground motion excitation, seismic wave propagation (attenuation), and site effect. I analyze active faults, seismicity, soil and rock properties, geological cross-sections, the borehole data of measured shear-wave velocity, lithology, amplification factor of each geological unit, geomorphology, topography, and basic rock and surface ground motions. To estimate peak ground acceleration (PGA) at the surface, PGA at the basic rock is multiplied by the amplification parameter of each surface layers. Quaternary soft deposits, representing a high risk due to increasing PGA values at surface, are studied in detail. For a near-zone target earthquake PGA values are compared to intensity at MSK-64 scale for the Absheron peninsula. The amplification factor for the Baku city is assessed and provides estimations for a level of a seismic motion and seismic intensity of the studied area.

Babayev, Gulam R. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29A, H. Javid Ave., Baku AZ1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

65

Seismic interpretation and classification of mud volcanoes of the South Caspian Basin, offshore Azerbaijan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the paleo-Amu Darya supplied sediment from the Pamirs to the east. Relatively minor sediment input came from other river systems, such as paleo-Kura and paleo-Sumgaiet. These rivers fed a series of lowstand lacustrine deltas. There are two distinctive... volcano formation begins in the Middle Miocene and becomes more intensive in the Pliocene. ? Roots of many mud volcanoes onshore are Lower Cretaceous and Jurassic. The samples of these rocks have bitumen content from 0.469% up to 2.5%. ? Gases of mud...

Yusifov, Mehdi Zahid

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Radiation exposure of human populations in villages in Russia and Belarus affected by fallout from the Chernobyl reactor.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A quarter of a century has elapsed since the catastrophe at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl. The radioactive fallout affected all the European countries (more)

Bernhardsson, Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The dissertation examines knowledge production practices following the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident and describes the production of invisibility of its consequences: practices that displace radiation (more)

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident and describes the productionconsequences of a nuclear accident and maintain or increaseof the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident. A Strategy for Recovery.

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

ICDERS July 27-31, 2009 Minsk, Belarus Correspondence to: Jean-Marc.Pascaud@bourges.univ-orleans.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the heat of combustion of kerosene. Vm is the molar volume depending on the initial conditions. * Transport

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimation of late effects was based on the actual doses in the Soviet scientists argued that health effects caused by radiation

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

"We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clarke, L. 1989. Acceptable Risk? : Making Decisions in awas a question of acceptable risks, not absolute safety.

Kuchinskaya, Olga

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

E-Print Network 3.0 - active gas handling Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

geopolitics of gas working paper series THE BELARUS CONNECTION: EXPORTING RUSSIAN GAS TO GERMANY... AND POLAND david victor and nadejda makarova victor 12;The Belarus Connection:...

73

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arrest officer from Azerbaijan over brutal murder NATO chief hopes Putin will attend bloc's June summit

74

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

75

Risk analysis of thyroid cancer incidence after exposure in childhood in the most contaminated areas of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia in comparison with other studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current knowledge about thyroid cancer induction due to 131I exposures during childhood is limited. Due to the low incidences observed, it was assumed that 131I is less effective in cancer induction by a factor of 3, if compared to external exposures. An increase of the thyroid cancer incidence among children and adolescents from the south-eastern Belorussian, the northern Ukrainian, and the western Russian oblasts after the reactor accident in Chernobyl is reported. As a result of the further improvement of the dose estimation methods, the individual exposure doses based on the results of direct thyroid activity measurement were recalculated, and the geographical pattern of age-dependent thyroid doses was analysed. These resulted in the re-assessment of collective doses and of thyroid cancer risk.

G. Goulko; M. Tronko; T. Bogdanova; K. Henrichs; I. Kayro; V. Shpak; M. Lassmann; Chr. Reiners

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Molecular Diversity of Plasmids Bearing Genes That Encode Toluene and Xylene Metabolism in Pseudomonas Strains Isolated from Different Contaminated Sites in Belarus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mixture of lubricants, diesel fuel, and phenol; central...mixture of lubricants, diesel fuel, and phenol; northwestern...soil contaminated with diesel oil; building area in...industrial lubricants and engine oil; local landfill...Apr ColE1 replicon; general cloning vector Promega...

Vladimir S. Sentchilo; Alexander N. Perebituk; Alexander J. B. Zehnder; Jan Roelof van der Meer

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Palaeoenvironmental evolution of Lake Gacko (Southern Bosnia and Herzegovina): Impact of the Middle Miocene Climatic Optimum on the Dinaride Lake System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.8 and ~15.2 Ma. The economically valuable lignite accumulations in the lower part of the succession rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Dinaride­Anatolian land formed a major barrier between Paratethys

Utrecht, Universiteit

78

The transboundary EIA convention in the context of private sector operations co-financed by an International Financial Institution: two case studies from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents two case studies involving private sector, offshore, oil field developments in the Caspian Sea. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) of these operations indicated that major and unmitigated oil spills could potentially result in transboundary impacts. Both projects were co-financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), an International Financial Institution (IFI). Project review and financing decision by the EBRD occurred when neither country hosting the projects was a Party to the 1991 Convention on EIA in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). Discussions with government agencies during project review highlighted their limited institutional capacity to pursue transboundary notification and consultation activities. However, without being formal Parties or having clearly defined roles under the Convention, the combined presence of the EBRD, the private sector developer and its project needing financing became important drivers to promote the Espoo Convention. Surveying for similar IFI-project combinations in developing and transition economies could provide a 'bottom up' input to further optimise the Convention Secretariat's awareness raising, intervention design, and alliance-building strategies. The knowledge management model and user-friendly Web site of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity highlight approaches that may also prove effective for the Espoo Convention.

Nazari, Mehrdad M

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Mathematical models of interconnections between composition and properties of oils in the Apsheron oil-and gas-bearing region of Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the example of oils in the Apsheron oil- and gas-bearing region and Apsheron archipelago located in the western part of the Southern Caspian depression, of which the authors have developed mathematical models of a group hydrocarbon composition; interconnection between oil density and content of asphalt-resin materials, benzine, and ligroin; interconnections between oil density and viscosity and temperature; and interconnections between content of asphalt-resin properties and low-temperature fractions. The models obtained enable us to extrapolate factual data on composition and properties of oils beyond the limits of fixed depths of burial of oil-saturated reservoirs both to a zone of great depths and increased temperatures where hydrocarbons were in a gaseous or oil and gaseous state, and to a zone of near-surface conditions where oils acquire the consistency of asphalts.

Buryakovsky, L.A.; Dzhevanshir, R.D. (Inst. of Deep Oil and Gas Deposits, Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, 33 Narimanov Prospect, Baku 370143, Azerbaijan (SU))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Moldova-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Russian-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

82

Ghana-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

83

Attivit illegali nella gestione delle risorse forestali  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CRIMES ON RENEWABLES AND ENVIRONMENT Terra Futura; Firenze, 21 maggio 2011 Organizzazione della Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti

Pettenella, Davide

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab republic of egypt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Venezuela Afghanistan Angola Bosnia Herzegovina Burundi...

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - azerbaijani national literature Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facilitation, and Deep Learning in Cross-Cultural Chat Summary: were located in Azerbaijan. The authors were not able to find literature that examines cultural... nationality...

86

Administrator D'Agostino's Remarks on U.S.-Georgian Cooperation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

* Earlier today, I had the opportunity to tour the Red Bridge Border Crossing with Azerbaijan - a very impressive and professional operation. * We also visited the Georgian...

87

Administrator Highlights U.S.-Georgian Nuclear Security Cooperation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Second Line of Defense (SLD) Program, including the Red Bridge Border Crossing with Azerbaijan -- the earliest SLD-deployment in Georgia. "I am proud of the strong cooperation...

88

Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso African convention on the conservation of nature and natural resources March 25, 1957 General Belgium

Wolf, Aaron

89

U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

90

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia sudan syrian Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MADAGASCAR NEPAL GUINEA ERITREA SUDAN ZAMBIA HAITI BHUTAN MYANMAR GAMBIA BANGLADESH... JORDAN THAILAND LITHUANIA SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC IRAQ REUNION TURKEY AZERBAIJAN ARGENTINA MACAU...

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cuba indonesia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Hazardous, Excluded Countries (NonApproved)** Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan...

92

Energy Secretary Bodman Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman next week will travel to Moscow, Russia; Baku, Azerbaijan; and Kiev, Ukraine, where he will hold discussions with senior...

93

Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Irans One Million Signatures Campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

McKibben, Susan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

95

Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline First Oil Ceremony Baku, Azerbaijan Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman...

96

PUTTING YOUR PASSION TO WORK As one of the country's top-ranked professional public policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.39 (including MPA) INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS FROM: Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Ethiopia career resources include specialized courses, exploration trips, internships, individualized counseling

Levinson, David M.

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Slovenka... Monaco Mongolia...

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria bulgaria canada Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia Brazil Britain... Venezuela Vietnam West Germany Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe Old Canada Old Spain ... Source: Bordenstein, Seth -...

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - area chelyabinsk southern Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Belarus after the Chernobyl accident were twice... in the vicinity of Chelyabinsk, Russia, one of the Earth's most radioactively and chemically polluted spots. Here Source:...

100

Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Latvia, Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece,Slovak Republic -0.009 Ukraine Notes: i. The results aree.g. , Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Estonia or

Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Riso-R-742(EN) EU-CISJoint Study Project 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kiev, Ukraine IgorV.Rolevich Chernobyl State Committee Minsk, Belarus Anatoliy M. Skryabin Research after the Chernobyl accident in the CIS republics Ukraine, Belarus and Russia have been evaluated the Chernobyl accident 26 3.4 Comparison of BARD and ASQRAD risk calculations 31 3.5 Attributable risks from

102

YALE UNIVERSITY Ethnic Conflict  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; commodity price shocks; dependence on mineral wealth) or in politics (exclusion from governance; repression by analyzing historical case material, policy reports and news articles on countries as diverse as Bosnia

103

Collaborative investigations on thoron and radon in some rural communities of Balkans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Gornja Stubla-uranium-thorium anomaly...Bujanovac are depleted uranium targeted sites...the only risk health population zone...wooden house. Health Phys. (1994...Programme). Depleted uranium in Bosnia and......

Z. S. Zunic; I. Celikovic; S. Tokonami; T. Ishikawa; P. Ujic; A. Onischenko; M. Zhukovsky; G. Milic; B. Jakupi; O. Cuknic; N. Veselinovic; K. Fujimoto; S. K. Sahoo; I. Yarmoshenko

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Combining environmental chemistry, somatic biomarkers, and population genetics: an innovative approach in wildlife ecotoxicology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

damage was documented at several sites in Azerbaijan relative to reference sites. Sediment samples were analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorines (OCs), and mercury to evaluate contaminant associations with genetic damage...

Matson, Cole Wesley

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Pandemic Preparedness - HPMC Occupational Health Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

number of human H5N1 cases have been reported in Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, Djibouti, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam. More than half of the people infected...

106

Weapon Systems Using Samine, Melanj and Isopropyl Nitrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the uses and properties of three chemicals stored in Azerbaijan: melanj, samine, and isopropyl nitrate. These three chemicals have historically been used in the manufacturing of liquid bal...

Vugar Gafarov

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Global human appropriation of net primary production doubled in the 20th century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Asia: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Egypt, Georgia, Iraq, Israel...Human impacts on the energy flow through natural ecosystems, and implications for...tropical land-use change: greenhouse gas emissions from biomass burning, decomposition...

Fridolin Krausmann; Karl-Heinz Erb; Simone Gingrich; Helmut Haberl; Alberte Bondeau; Veronika Gaube; Christian Lauk; Christoph Plutzar; Timothy D. Searchinger

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Using luminosity data as a proxy for economic statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A fifteen year record of global natural gas flaring derived from satellite data...Cuba D Hong Kong C Azerbaijan C Cyprus D Hungary...A Fifteen Year Record of Global Natural Gas Flaring Derived from Satellite Data...

Xi Chen; William D. Nordhaus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

with the support of the Erasmus Mundus programme of the European Union This project has been funded by the European Commission, This communication reflects the views only of the author and the Commission cannot be held responsible  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Languages Law Law Russian Armenian University () Languages Languages Law Law Social Sciences Social Sciences Communication and Information Sciences Communication and Information Sciences Azerbaijan University of Languages () Education, teacher training Languages Languages Social Sciences Communication and Information Sciences

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

110

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

and Azerbaijan, offset by large declines in production in Mexico, the North Sea, and Russia. The expected decline in Russian output in 2009 (-160,000 bbld) is especially...

111

Fact #780: May 20, 2013 Crude Oil Reserve to Production Ratio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

100 Iran 93 Saudi Arabia 76 Qatar 54 Kazakhstan 53 Nigeria 40 Algeria 22 Azerbaijan 20 Brazil 17 Russia 17 Angola 15 China 14 Mexico 11 United States 11 Norway 9 United Kingdom 8...

112

Biosensor Control of Acute Total Toxicity of Water and Soil Polluted by Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article a short analysis of total toxicity of different samples of water and soil (obtained from some Azerbaijan mud bobbling volcanoes, region of oil production, railway lines, Dnieper river and prepa...

Nikolay F. Starodub

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Bigger Picture of Corruption: Europe in Comparative Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems (e.g. Belarus, Ukraine) are located so closely toof corruption are found in Ukraine (7.6), Albania (7.2),Perception Index, 2014). Ukraine Albania Moldova Georgia

Kubbe, Ina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Russian Journal of Genetics,M269 Mirabal et al. 2009 Ukraine Haplogroup 1 Rosser et al.2000 Ukraine Eu 18 Semino et al. 2000(a) Ukraine Haplotype

St. Clair, Michael Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The Fantasy and Fear of Chernobyl's Ruins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

city on the map of Ukraine. The materials were prepared byin Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. By the end of Septmeber,shots of Duga ICBM site in Ukraine, known as "Chernobyl 2,"

Rotfeld, Masha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Never Stand Still Global Education and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for departure 20 On your return 21 Other Global Education Options 23 How to apply 24 Resources 24 Quick links 25. Belarus Bangladesh Azerb. Austria A u s t r a l i a Armenia Angola Algeria Albania Afghanistan Western

New South Wales, University of

117

International Student Enrollment Report Report based on Active F-1 & J-1 International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Austria 2 51 Malaysia 166 5 Bahamas 4 52 Mauritius 2 6 Bangladesh 6 53 Mexico 14 7 Belarus 2 54 Mongolia 2 by Curricula Undergraduate Graduate Other OPT Total Natural Resources & Conservation 1 1 Area, Ethnic, Cultural

Bordenstein, Seth

118

Chromosomal Rainbows detect Oncogenic Rearrangements of Signaling Molecules in Thyroid Tumors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELE1 genes, in a post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid cancer.in a case of post-Chernobyl childhood thyroid cancer. Foliafrom Belarus after the Chernobyl reactor accident. Oncogene

O'Brien, Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Modern Processes of Producing Two-Layer Filtering Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes developments of the Powder Metallurgy Institute (National Academy of Sciences of Belarus) in the field of producing two-layer permeable structures with a filtering layer 0.30.4mm in thick...

P. A. Vityaz; A. F. Ilyushchenko; V. M. Kaptsevich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Depleted UraniumExperience of the United Nations Environmental Programme Missions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depleted Uranium (DU) is used in ammunition designed for armour?piercing. DU was used in the Gulf war 1991 wars in Bosnia 19941995 Kosovo 1999 and Iraq 2003. The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) Post?Conflict Branch investigated sites where DU was used and evaluated health and environmental risks during missions to Kosovo Serbia and Bosnia. During a mission to Lebanon in 2006 UNEP also sampled areas where DU was supposed to have been used but did not find any DU. Due to the grave risks to the lives of UN personnel no UNEP mission was carried out in Iraq. UNEP has provided training for personnel engaged in decontamination of DU in Bosnia and Iraq.

Gustav kerblom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Operating in the Caspian environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Azerbaijan International Operating Company (AIOC) is currently developing oil production from three oil fields in the Caspian Sea. The activities are guided by a comprehensive Environmental Management System adopted to the uniqueness of the Caspian and the historical and political situation in Azerbaijan. The paper discusses the challenges of operating in the Caspian region with a focus on local involvement connected to environmental literature data review and environmental impact assessment. Local involvement and training is concluded to be one key to success for operations in an environmental sensitive region like the Caspian.

Kristoffersen, B.; Rogers, L.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 10030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sides of the planet, which according to experts are largely due to climate change [1]. Among on Information, Communication and Automation Technologies (ICAT), 30 October 2013 - 01 November 2013 (Sarajevo on Information, Communication and Automation Technologies (ICAT), Sarajevo : Bosnia And Herzegovina (2013)" #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

Forthcoming in Social Problems, Volume 55, Number 4 (2008). From Vietnam to Iraq: Continuity and Change in Between-Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sparked by the Persian Gulf War of 1990-91 (Schuman and Rieger 1992; Conover and Sapiro 1993; Bendyna et the first Persian Gulf War--especially on the gender issue--but almost none regarding other U.S. military, the first Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and #12;2 Iraq. Over the course

Rejaie, Reza

124

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we understand the importance of training and effective promotion of the services.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we to providing appropriate long-term training on the use of online resources and more. Several training modules@oaresciences.org Afghanistan Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Bhutan Bolivia Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon

Napp, Nils

125

April 2014 POLICY BRIEF 15 Blent Aras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 2014 POLICY BRIEF 15 Bülent Aras Turkish-Azerbaijani Energy Relations #12;July 2012March 2013 is a potential region of influence and * Bülent Aras is Professor of International Relations at Sabanci POLICY BRIEF 15 2April 2014 Foreign Policy Trends In its foreign policy, Azerbaijan has succeeded

Yanikoglu, Berrin

126

Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1): a Threat to Human Health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with oseltamivir at therapeutic twice-daily doses and survived. Studies using these...meet only a fraction of the likely global demand for vaccines in the event of a pandemic...Azerbaijan 14 March 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 5 0 0 8 5 Egypt 20 March 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 10 1 1 19...

J. S. Malik Peiris; Menno D. de Jong; Yi Guan

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

NEWS REPORT International Conference on ``Photosynthesis Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEWS REPORT International Conference on ``Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability-2011'', July ``Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability-2011'', held in Baku, Azerbaijan, during July 24�30, 2011 (http://www.photosynthesis at this conference. (See http://www.photosynthesis 2011.cellreg.org/Photos.php and http

Govindjee

128

9Using ArcGIS Geostatistical Analyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Radiation Safety "BELRAD", Minsk, Belarus, and is used here with permission. Copyright © 1996. CONTRIBUTING Any software, documentation, and/or data delivered hereunder is subject to the terms of the License.211/12.212 (Commercial Technical Data/Computer Software); and DFARS §252.227-7015 (NOV 1995) (Technical Data) and

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

129

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the model, a social benefit-cost analysis of the Nord Stream gas pipeline project from Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea is provided. It is found that Nord Stream project is profitable for its investors and Belarus) exert substantial market power then the economic value of Nord Stream to its investors

Aickelin, Uwe

130

Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new nuclear disaster about to happen?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new June 2014 Accepted 20 August 2014 Available online xxxx Keywords: Chernobyl accident Forest fires Redistribution Radionuclides Risks Radioactive contamination in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia after the Chernobyl

131

Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Russian (C. I. S. ) strategic nuclear forces, end of 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian (C.I.S.) strategic nuclear forces are approximately the same size as a year ago. The SS-25 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is the only weapon system in production; it continues to be fielded. There are still approximately 3,100 warheads deployed in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Proceedings of the IMC, Poznan, 2013 1 EDMOND Meteor Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rec software written by S. Molau (1999) and UFO Tool written by SonotaCo (2009). In the last column of Table 1-station meteors Network Num. of Meteors Tool stations single BOAM 10 26 779 UFO CEMeNt 15 40 742 UFO HMN 13 167 834 MetRec IMNT 15 135 534 UFO PFN 23 30 576 UFO MetRec SVMN 3 39 257 UFO UKMON 4 3 372 UFO Bosnia 4 1

Veres, Peter

134

US Energy Secretary Bodman Hails Opening of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

US Energy Secretary Bodman Hails Opening of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan US Energy Secretary Bodman Hails Opening of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline US Energy Secretary Bodman Hails Opening of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline May 25, 2005 - 12:53pm Addthis US National Energy Policy Listed BTC Pipeline as Important for Global Energy Security BAKU, AZERBAIJAN -- US Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today represented the United States at ceremonies here to open the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) Pipeline, a $2.9 billion East-West transport corridor that will increase the amount of oil exported from the region, and will provide a new oil delivery route -- from Azerbaijan, through Georgia, to Turkey and onward, for delivery to world markets. The pipeline is the first direct link between the landlocked Caspian Sea and the Mediterranean, and is noted for

135

Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline First Oil Ceremony Baku, Azerbaijan Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline First Oil Ceremony Baku, Azerbaijan May 25, 2005 - 12:54pm Addthis Ladies and Gentlemen, it is a great pleasure to be with you today to mark the loading of first oil into the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline. This extraordinary project will deliver oil from the Caspian Sea through Georgia to the Turkish Mediterranean coast in Ceyhan 1,760 kilometers away. This project is remarkable in many different ways, not the least of which has been its technical and financial complexity. Building this pipeline also required a regional consensus, complex environmental analyses, and a

136

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

137

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

138

Children of Chernobyl: A psycho-social empowerment project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this research has been to design and implement a social action project, using a Freirian Methodology for popular mental health among the victims of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear meltown disaster living in Belarus. Although Chernobyl is in the Ukraine, only 35 kilometers from Kiev, 70% of the 50 million curies of radiation from the 1986 Chernobyl meltdown fell on the Republic of Belarus. This continues to directly affect 2.4 million of the total population of 10 million people. These people, 800,000 of whom are children, still live in the radiated zones. They live with the knowledge that the food, the water, and the ground are slowly poisoning them through continued and ongoing exposure to radiation. While there has been some significant research on the medical effects of the disaster in the Ukraine, much more research needs to be done in Belarus. Very little research or treatment has responded to the emotional, mental health and psychosocial impacts of the disaster on individuals, families and communities. Following the introduction to the problem, a rationale for a new paradigm in Mental Health Treatment is presented in a chapter titled Liberation Psychology'. This chapter integrates fields of psychology, psychotherapy, social work, education, and community organization from a Freirian perspective. The Social Action Project is outlined and described in specific detail. The Social Action Project has led to medical, computer and school supplies being sent to Belarus. Workshops and training have been designed and implemented. Texts and manuals have been translated and published. Further, there is documentation of a joint conceptualization and design of this Children of Chernobyl' project with signed letters of agreement and a report of a fact finding mission to Belaraus. The Social Action Project is then evaluated with Future Planning discussed in the conclusion.

Kane, M.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.etsap.org/index.asp Country: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United States, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Albania, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, China, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, South Africa, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

140

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

142

Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Development Outlook 2010 Asian Development Outlook 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Books/ADO/2010/ado2010.pdf Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Myanmar, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

143

UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning Country Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Ukraine

144

IEC documents | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IEC documents IEC documents IEC documents The U.S. Department of Energy has longstanding cooperative arrangements with foreign governments and international organizations in all areas of its mission - energy supply and security, science and technology, non-proliferation, and the environment, including promoting clean energy technologies to address climate change. The Department has over one hundred active commitments with 70-plus countries and 11 international organizations. Through this site, you can search and access the Department's library of active and historic (expired) commitments. Country or International Organization Algeria Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Canada CERN Chile China Colombia Costa Rica CSLF

145

Use of Information Theory Concepts for Developing Contaminated Site Detection Method: Case for Fission Product and Actinides Accumulation Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information theory concepts and their fundamental importance for environmental pollution analysis in light of experience of Chernobyl accident in Belarus are discussed. An information and dynamic models of the radionuclide composition formation in the fuel of the Nuclear Power Plant are developed. With the use of code DECA numerical calculation of actinides (58 isotopes are included) and fission products (650 isotopes are included) activities has been carried out and their dependence with the fuel burn-up of the RBMK-type reactor have been investigated. (authors)

Harbachova, N.V.; Sharavarau, H.A. [Joint Institute of Power and Nuclear Research - 'Sosny' National Academy of Sciences, 99 Academic, A.K. Krasin Str., 220109 Minsk (Belarus)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Improvements in the computation of balances and localization of commercial losses of electric energy in 0.38-kV networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An example of four 0.38-kV overhead distribution lines fed from a 10/0.4-kV transformer substation of the Grodno Electrical Networks (Belarus') and supplying electricity to a cottage area is used for analyzing energy balances and commercial losses in the networks. It is shown that the reliability of such analysis can be ensured by the use of modern software and electronic energy meters recording a retrospective of half-hourly intervals of active and reactive electric energy.

Vorotnitskii, V. Z.; Zaslonov, S. V.; Lysyuk, S. S. [Electric Power Research Institute (VNIIE) (Russian Federation)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Data Archived for Events in the Caucasus for the CauSINCollaboration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Causin project is a joint effort between the countries in the Caucasus region to develop a Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis. To that end, we have compiled a database of all available network data in the region. The information contained in the database is from four countries: Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey and from the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). Table 1 lists the networks from which data were obtained. Figure 1 shows the locations of stations, and Figure 2 shows ray paths for event locations of the archived data. An ongoing effort in the region is the Caucasus Seismic Information Network (CauSIN) is an international scientific project enabling the countries and scientists of the region to: better understand the seismicity of the greater Caucasus; develop new monitoring networks to support the scientific understanding; provide access to seismic data from local networks in the participating countries; and develop a probabilistic seismic hazards assessment for the region enabling the governments in the region to better mitigate the damaging effects from large earthquakes. In parallel with this effort, training has been conducted on modern techniques for probabilistic hazards assessment. CauSIN is also an ongoing effort to promote cooperation in the geosciences between Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, European Union and the United States. The DOE supports the American team from New England Research, Inc. (NER), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston College, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).

Godoladze, T; Hunt, D; Aliyev, F; Arakelyan, A; Kalafat, D; Javakhishvil, Z; Panahi, B; Arzumanyan, V; Hutchings, L J; Vergino, E

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

148

Acquisition and refurbishment of the Caspian Sea MODU Kaspmorneft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, several international oil companies began negotiations to participate in the development of the region`s hydrocarbon reserves. One of the first agreements to be concluded was the production-sharing agreement (PSA) between the Republic of Azerbaijan and a consortium of 11 companies that were the founding members of Azerbaijan Intl. Operating Co. (AIOC). Water depth of the Caspian Sea in the AIOC area of interest varies between 80 and 300 m. Marine-vessel access to the Caspian Sea is possible form the Volga-Don waterway or from the Volga River. There are no existing mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs) able to navigate either waterway without significant modification. The indigenous MODU fleet of the Caspian Sea consists of five semisubmersible and six jackup units. The first of the semisubmersibles was the Kaspmorneft, a Freide and Goldman-designed pacesetter rig built in modules and assembled in Astrakhan, Russia. The four other semisubmersibles were Soviet-designed and -built shelf-class rigs that were also assembled in Astrakhan. The rigs were in a very poor state of repair and required significant investment to bring them to internationally recognized standards of safety and operating efficiency.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

EIA - Forecasts and Analysis of Energy Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J: Regional Definitions J: Regional Definitions Figure J1. Map of the Six Basic Country Groupings. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: Mature Market Economies (15 percent of the 2005 world population): North America—United States, Canada, and Mexico; Western Europe—Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom; Mature Market Asia—Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. Transitional Economies (6 percent of the 2005 world population): Eastern Europe (EE)—Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro,

150

United Energy Group PLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Group PLC Energy Group PLC Jump to: navigation, search Name United Energy Group PLC Place Haslemere, United Kingdom Sector Hydro, Wind energy Product The company develops small hydro, gas co-generation and wind projects in Serbia and the Serbian part of Bosnia Coordinates 51.08879°, -0.708724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.08879,"lon":-0.708724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

152

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

153

User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programs Map Programs Map < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Zoom South America Central America North America Africa Central Africa Northern Africa Southern Africa Eastern Asia Southern Asia Asia/Pacific Central Asia Middle East Northern Asia Northern Europe Western Europe Southern Europe Programs & Projects Afghanistan 5 Albania 3 Algeria 6 Angola 1 Anguilla 1 Antigua and Barbuda 6 Argentina 12 Armenia 6 Aruba 3 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 6 Bahrain 2 Bangladesh 27 Barbados 9 Belize 8 Benin 3 Bhutan 7 Bolivia 4 Botswana 5 Brazil 37 Brunei 7 Bulgaria 2 Burkina Faso 7 Burundi 6 Cambodia 25 Cameroon 8 Cape Verde 4 Cayman Islands 1 Central African Republic 4 Chad 4 Chile 24 China 63 Colombia 26 Costa Rica 24 Croatia 1 Cuba 5 Democratic Republic of Congo 13

154

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

155

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

156

Deputy Secretary Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey Deputy Secretary Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey July 13, 2006 - 3:02pm Addthis Hails International Cooperation on BTC Pipeline Completion WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Clay Sell today led a United States delegation to the official completion ceremony of the Baku-Tibilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline in Ceyhan,Turkey. The BTC pipeline, now operational, carries one-million barrels of Caspian oil daily to the global markets faster in an environmentally safe manner. The completion of the pipeline signifies substantial cooperation between the nations of Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan and strong efforts by a private sector consortium to implement this project. "The United States congratulates the leaders of Turkey, Georgia, and

157

Energy Secretary Bodman Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Energy and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Energy and Nuclear Security Energy Secretary Bodman Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Energy and Nuclear Security May 20, 2005 - 12:49pm Addthis Trip Will Focus on World Energy Security, Energy Resource Development, and Nuclear Nonproliferation WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman next week will travel to Moscow, Russia; Baku, Azerbaijan; and Kiev, Ukraine, where he will hold discussions with senior officials on a variety of energy and nuclear safety issues, including encouraging the development of diverse energy resources, promoting market transparency and investment, and advancing nuclear nonproliferation. "A healthy, vibrant and transparent global energy market is critical to the economic success of America and all nations," Secretary Bodman said.

158

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Appendix C Appendix C A Status Report on Developing Transportation for Caspian Basin Oil and Gas Production Prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, the petroleum transportation networks in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan were designed to provide petroleum to the internal Soviet economy and, in particular, to meet the Soviet military’s need for petroleum [1]. Investment in the Caspian Basin petroleum transportation system was, however, severely deficient. In order for the producers in the Caspian Sea area to become major petroleum exporters, existing petroleum transport lines, which generally head northward into Russia, will need upgrading. More importantly, new lines will need to be built to transport Caspian Sea oil to export markets, in some combination of westward to the Mediterranean,

159

Caucasus Seismic Information Network: Data and Analysis Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geology and tectonics of the Caucasus region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia) are highly variable. Consequently, generating a structural model and characterizing seismic wave propagation in the region require data from local seismic networks. As of eight years ago, there was only one broadband digital station operating in the region an IRIS station at Garni, Armenia and few analog stations. The Caucasus Seismic Information Network (CauSIN) project is part of a nulti-national effort to build a knowledge base of seismicity and tectonics in the region. During this project, three major tasks were completed: 1) collection of seismic data, both in event catalogus and phase arrival time picks; 2) development of a 3-D P-wave velocity model of the region obtained through crustal tomography; 3) advances in geological and tectonic models of the region. The first two tasks are interrelated. A large suite of historical and recent seismic data were collected for the Caucasus. These data were mainly analog prior to 2000, and more recently, in Georgia and Azerbaijan, the data are digital. Based on the most reliable data from regional networks, a crustal model was developed using 3-D tomographic inversion. The results of the inversion are presented, and the supporting seismic data are reported. The third task was carried out on several fronts. Geologically, the goal of obtaining an integrated geological map of the Caucasus on a scale of 1:500,000 was initiated. The map for Georgia has been completed. This map serves as a guide for the final incorporation of the data from Armenia and Azerbaijan. Description of the geological units across borders has been worked out and formation boundaries across borders have been agreed upon. Currently, Armenia and Azerbaijan are working with scientists in Georgia to complete this task. The successful integration of the geologic data also required addressing and mapping active faults throughout the greater Caucasus. Each of the major faults in the region were identified and the probability of motion were assessed. Using field data and seismicity, the relative activity on each of these faults was determined. Furthermore, the sense of motion along the faults was refined using GPS, fault plane solutions, and detailed field studies. During the course of the integration of the active fault data, the existence of the proposed strike slip Borjomi-Kazbeki fault was brought into question. Although it had been incorporated in many active tectonic models over the past decade, field geologists and geophysicists in Georgia questioned its existence. Detailed field studies were carried out to determine the existence of the fault and estimate the slip along it; and it was found that the fault zone did not exist. Therefore, the convergence rate in the greater Caucasus must be reinterpreted in terms of thrust mechanisms, instead of strike-slip on the Borjomi-Kazbeki fault zone.

Randolph Martin; Mary Krasovec; Spring Romer; Timothy O'Connor; Emanuel G. Bombolakis; Youshun Sun; Nafi Toksoz

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

160

Kuwait summons more fire fighting teams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kuwait is calling in more muscle to help kill its wild wells. This paper reports on the latest action in Kuwait, the leasing of well control contracts to Abel Engineering/Well Control Inc., Houston, and China Petroleum Engineering Construction Co. (CPEC). Abel is the sixth North American well control company called to the scene, while CPEC is the first summoned from the East. In addition, the service responsible for combating well fires and blowouts in the U.S.S.R.'s Azerbaijan oil fields signed an agreement with Kuwait's government, apparently involving a contract valued at more than $100 million, to extinguish fires at 150 Kuwaiti wells, reported Eastern Bloc Energy, a publication of Eastern Bloc Research Ltd., Newton Kyme, U.K. More help likely is on the way.

Not Available

1991-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

162

The oil and gas potential of the South Caspian Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For 150 years, the oil fountains of Baku have fueled the imaginations of oilmen around the world. The phrase {open_quotes}another Baku{close_quotes} often has been used to describe major new discoveries. The production of oil and gas from onshore Azerbaijan and from the shallower waters of the Caspian Sea offers tantalizing evidence for the hydrocarbon yet to be discovered. Today, the Azeri, Guneshli, and Chirag oil fields, with over four billion barrels of recoverable reserves, have refocused the attention of the petroleum industry on Baku. The rapid subsidence of the South Caspian Basin and accumulation of over 20 kilometers of Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic sediments have resulted in that rare combination of conditions ideal for the generation and entrapment of numerous giant oil and gas accumulations. Working with existing geological, geophysical, and geochemical data, SOCAR geologists, geophysicists, and geochemists have identified numerous structural and stratigraphic prospects which have yet to be tested by drilling. In the South Caspian Basin, undrilled prospects remain in relatively shallow water, 200-300 meters. As these shallow-water prospects are exhausted, exploration will shift farther offshore into deeper water, 300-1000 meters. The deepwater region of the South Caspian is unquestionably prospective. Exploration and development of oil and gas fields in water depths in excess of 300 meters will require the joint efforts of international companies and the Azerbaijan petroleum enterprises. In the near future, water depth and drilling depth will not be limiting factors in the exploration of the Caspian Sea. Much work remains to be done; and much oil and gas remain to be found.

Jusufzade, K.B.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Hypothyroidism prevalence following exposure to radioiodines in childhood  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hypothyroidism prevalence following exposure to radioiodines in childhood Hypothyroidism prevalence following exposure to radioiodines in childhood and adolescence: Belarusian-American Cohort Study of Thyroid Cancer and Other Thyroid Diseases after the Chernobyl Accident Ostroumova Evgenia National Cancer Institute Abstract Background. Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid abnormality in patients treated with high doses of iodine-131 (131I). Data on risk of hypothyroidism from low to moderate 131I thyroid doses are limited and inconsistent. Objective. To assess the risk of hypothyroidism prevalence in relation to 131I doses from Chernobyl fallout exposure. Materials and methods. The analysis is based on the first screening cycle (1996–2003) of a Belarus-American study of thyroid diseases in a cohort of 10,827 individuals under 18 years of age at the time of the

164

Elektra Holding | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elektra Holding Elektra Holding Jump to: navigation, search Name Elektra Holding Place Sofia, Bulgaria Sector Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product A company owned by a group of Spanish families operating in Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Cyprus and Mexico developing wind, small hydro, biomass and solar. Coordinates 42.697085°, 23.32455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.697085,"lon":23.32455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

165

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

166

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

167

Cancer risk estimation in Belarussian children due to thyroid irradiation as a consequence of the Chernobyl nuclear accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thyroid doses received by the juvenile population of Belarus following the Chernobyl accident ranged up to about 10 Gy. The thyroid cancer risk estimate recommended in NCRP Report No. 80 was used to predict the number of thyroid cancer cases among children during 1990-1992 in selected Belarussian regions and cities. The results obtained using this risk estimate show an excess of thyroid cancer cases being registered vs. the predicted cases. Thyroid cancer incidence rate among boys under investigation is higher than among girls in the postaccident period. The excess of the observed over the expected incidence in the general juvenile population is caused by the high thyroid cancer incidence rate among boys. These results, which can be considered part of the first stage of a thorough thyroid cancer risk estimation after the Chernobyl accident, demonstrate the critical need to complete these studies in depth. 6 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Buglova, E.; Kenigsberg, J.E.; Sergeeva, N.V. [Research Inst. of Radiation Medicine, Minsk (Belarus)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Book Review: Radiological Conditions in the Dnieper River Basin: Assessment by an International Expert Team and Recommendations for an Action Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is a book review of a report from the International Atomic Energy Agency that was prepared by a team of scientists from Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine as an assessment of radiological contamination of the Dnieper River, which flows through these three countries. The topics covered begin with radioactive sources (actual and potential) including areas affected by the Chernobyl nuclear accident, nuclear power plants along the river and its tributaries, uranium mining and ore processing, radioactive waste storage and disposal sites, and non-power sources, such as medicine, industry, and research. The report continues with an assessment of human exposures to radiation from these sources. An additional area of consideration is radiological hot spots in the region. The report finishes with conclusions and recommendations to the regional governments for a strategic action plan and individual government national plans.

Napier, Bruce A.

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

169

Electricity consumption and economic growth in transition countries: A revisit using bootstrap panel Granger causality analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to revisit the Granger causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth for 15 transition economies for the period 19752010 using a bootstrap panel causality approach that allows for both cross-sectional dependency and for heterogeneity across countries. Applying this approach, we found a unidirectional causality running from electricity consumption to economic growth only in Belarus and Bulgaria; from economic growth to electricity consumption in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and the Russian Federation; bidirectional causality only in Ukraine while no Granger causality in any direction in Albania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. These results show that there is a limited support for the electricity-led growth hypothesis. Nevertheless these different findings provide important implications for energy strategies and policies for transition countries.

Yemane Wolde-Rufael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Map-Annex 1 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Climate Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.unfccc.int/di/map/ Country: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States

171

Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA-booster subcritical assembly part 1: analytical models and main neutronics parameters.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was carried out to model and analyze the YALINA-Booster facility, of the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research of Belarus, with the long term objective of advancing the utilization of accelerator driven systems for the incineration of nuclear waste. The YALINA-Booster facility is a subcritical assembly, driven by an external neutron source, which has been constructed to study the neutron physics and to develop and refine methodologies to control the operation of accelerator driven systems. The external neutron source consists of Californium-252 spontaneous fission neutrons, 2.45 MeV neutrons from Deuterium-Deuterium reactions, or 14.1 MeV neutrons from Deuterium-Tritium reactions. In the latter two cases a deuteron beam is used to generate the neutrons. This study is a part of the collaborative activity between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of USA and the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research of Belarus. In addition, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has a coordinated research project benchmarking and comparing the results of different numerical codes with the experimental data available from the YALINA-Booster facility and ANL has a leading role coordinating the IAEA activity. The YALINA-Booster facility has been modeled according to the benchmark specifications defined for the IAEA activity without any geometrical homogenization using the Monte Carlo codes MONK and MCNP/MCNPX/MCB. The MONK model perfectly matches the MCNP one. The computational analyses have been extended through the MCB code, which is an extension of the MCNP code with burnup capability because of its additional feature for analyzing source driven multiplying assemblies. The main neutronics parameters of the YALINA-Booster facility were calculated using these computer codes with different nuclear data libraries based on ENDF/B-VI-0, -6, JEF-2.2, and JEF-3.1.

Talamo, A.; Gohar, M. Y. A.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

172

Wind energy resources analysis of Western Greece coast in terms of sustainable environmental indicators and towards their community-based exploitation in South-East Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind energy resources in the Ionian-Adriatic coast of South-East Europe were analyzed. Status of wind energy development in the countries of Greece Albania Montenegro Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia and regions of moderate and high wind potential at their west coasts were reviewed. The feasibility of the application of specific wind turbine generators with lower cut-in cut-out and rated speeds in moderate wind fields was investigated. The wind speed and direction as well as the availability the duration and the diurnal variation of several coastal sites in Western Greece were assessed and the results were statistically analyzed as time-series or with the Weibull probability distribution function. The mean wind power densities were less than 200?W?m?2 at 10?m suggesting the limiting suitability of the sites for the usual wind energy applications. However further technical-economical analysis revealed that the recent technological turbine improvements with lower cut-in and rated speeds make wind power viable even at moderate wind fields. Environmental indicators like energy payback period and avoided greenhouse emissions were determined to be significant for the utilization of wind energy resources in these coastal areas. Since the region is important for sea-related activities the implementation of wind energy applications in the frame of cross-border cooperation should be prioritized.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Depleted Uranium: Exposure and Possible Health Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depleted uranium (DU) is a by-product of the enrichment process of 235U used for fission in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons. It has both civilian and military applications. The military use of DU is of defensive as well as of offensive nature, being mainly employed as armor-piercing ammunition. So far, the usage of ammunitions containing DU has been officially confirmed in four military conflicts: Iraq (1991), Bosnia (1994), Kosovo (1999), and again Iraq (2003). During their deployment in the military actions, most penetrators are thought to have missed their intended targets. Therefore, a substantial amount of DU is still present in the environment and may act as a source of contamination for the environment and the population. The possible effects of this radioactive and chemically toxic material have attracted particular notice. To evaluate these consequences, it is important to have accurate methods to assess the exposure to DU in both environmental and biological samples. This article is therefore intended to point out the problematic nature of the experimental techniques and of the analytical methods so far used to quantify the exposure to DU in the light of possible health effects of DU.

U. Oeh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Determination of Depleted Uranium in Environmental Bio-monitor Samples and Soil from Target sites in Western Balkan Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lichen and Moss are widely used to assess the atmospheric pollution by heavy metals and radionuclides. In this paper, we report results of uranium and its isotope ratios using mass spectrometric measurements (followed by chemical separation procedure) for mosses, lichens and soil samples from a depleted uranium (DU) target site in western Balkan region. Samples were collected in 2003 from Han Pijesak (Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Hercegovina). Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) measurements show the presence of high concentration of uranium in some samples. Concentration of uranium in moss samples ranged from 5.2-755.43 Bq/Kg. We have determined {sup 235}U/{sup 238}U isotope ratio using thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) from the samples with high uranium content and the ratios are in the range of 0.002097-0.002380. TIMS measurement confirms presence of DU in some samples. However, we have not noticed any traces of DU in samples containing lesser amount of uranium or from any samples from the living environment of same area.

Sahoo, Sarata K.; Enomoto, Hiroko; Tokonami, Shinji; Ishikawa, Tetsuo [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Ujic, Predrag; Celikovic, Igor; Zunic, Zora S. [Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Vinca, Mike Petrovica Alasa 12-14, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

Determination of Depleted Uranium in Environmental Bio?monitor Samples and Soil from Target sites in Western Balkan Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lichen and Moss are widely used to assess the atmospheric pollution by heavy metals and radionuclides. In this paper we report results of uranium and its isotope ratios using mass spectrometric measurements (followed by chemical separation procedure) for mosses lichens and soil samples from a depleted uranium (DU) target site in western Balkan region. Samples were collected in 2003 from Han Pijesak (Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Hercegovina). Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP?MS) measurements show the presence of high concentration of uranium in some samples. Concentration of uranium in moss samples ranged from 5.2755.43 Bq/Kg. We have determined 235 U / 238 U isotope ratio using thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) from the samples with high uranium content and the ratios are in the range of 0.0020970.002380. TIMS measurement confirms presence of DU in some samples. However we have not noticed any traces of DU in samples containing lesser amount of uranium or from any samples from the living environment of same area.

Sarata K. Sahoo; Hiroko Enomoto; Shinji Tokonami; Tetsuo Ishikawa; Predrag Uji?; Igor ?elikovi?; Zora S. uni?

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A role for arms control and technology in peace-keeping operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a potential role for arms control monitoring technology in peace-keeping operations. The basic idea is to utilize monitoring technology developed or suggested for treaty verification (primarily Conventional Forces Europe (CFE), but other treaties as well) to minimize the exposure of humans as part of ``peace-keeping`` forces in various trouble spots throughout the world. The impetus comes from the dangers and high costs of stationing peace-keeping of forces in areas such as Bosnia-Herzegovina. Aside from the costs associated with such efforts the loss of life has escalated recently from 743 peace keepers lost from 1948 to 1988, to 180 lives lost in 1993 alone. Some potential advantages to using technology for certain monitoring roles are discussed in the paper and include: minimizing exposure/risk to peace-keeping personnel from hostile fire, hostage taking, etc.; sharable technology will allow all parties to view results, assess violations or transgressions, etc.; can be applied to equipment, railways, roads, etc., to confirm human and other monitoring capabilities; and provides data to settle disputes on which side initiated hostilities.

Indusi, J.; Allentuck, J.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 96,229 107,478 106,354 120,656 114,693 108,925 1981-2013 Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 Albania 110 0 55 0 0 1998-2013 Algeria 1 462 476 685 1 1996-2013 Andora 0 0 2005-2013 Angola 1 0 1 0 0 1995-2013 Anguilla 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Antigua and Barbuda 0 0 3 0 0 0 1995-2013 Argentina 2,256 1,324 1,457 1,727 1,129 1,753 1993-2013 Armenia 0 2005-2013 Aruba 386 241 743 818 928 1,600 2005-2013 Australia 328 114 232 394 333 290 1993-2013 Austria 0 1 0 0 0 0 1995-2013 Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 2 1995-2013 Bahama Islands 316 624 624 1,019 1,969 2,118 1993-2013 Bahrain 1 2 0 1 277 1 1993-2013 Barbados

178

Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 522,879 659,392 738,803 858,685 1,089,848 1,172,965 1981-2012 Afghanistan 0 0 2 4 3 7 1997-2012 Albania 0 0 0 0 0 166 1998-2012 Algeria 2,602 5 1,257 4 1,226 219 1996-2012 Andora 0 2005-2011 Angola 25 33 615 7 27 12 1995-2012 Anguilla 0 1 1 1 5 2 2005-2012 Antigua and Barbuda 3 8 10 146 231 634 1995-2012 Argentina 3,208 6,431 6,600 6,951 14,632 19,097 1993-2012 Armenia 0 0 0 2005-2012 Aruba 1,931 3,542 2,410 2,578 2,835 2,969 2005-2012 Australia 3,343 3,618 4,689 3,561 4,022 3,748 1993-2012 Austria 9 6 1 1 10 2 1995-2012 Azerbaijan 0 0 1 1 175 1995-2012 Bahama Islands 11,946 9,732 14,878 19,582 16,125 15,113 1993-2012

179

Turnabout. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

Roggero, F.F.

1993-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

180

Chapter 7 - General Regularities in Oil and Gas Distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The chapter provides a detailed geological description of the South Caspian Sea area, focusing on the major characteristics and patterns found in the distribution of oil and gas producing areas of the region. The chapter has divided the South Caspian Sea into three major areas: the Azerbaijan portion, the Turkmenistan portion, and the areas adjacent to the South Caspian basin. The chapter analyzes these areas, focusing on various topics related to the geological aspect of oil and gas production such as issues relating to depositional environments, oil and gas traps, lithology and properties of reservoir rocks, composition and properties of argillaceous rocks, effects of pressure and temperature, effects of abnormally high formation pressures, distribution of oil reserves, oil composition and its properties, properties of natural gas, the formation waters related properties, oil and gas migration and accumulation, and the potential of very deep oil and gas bearing deposits. The chapter also highlights the areas worthy of future exploration to find oil and gas reserves.

Leonid A. Buryakovsky; George V. Chilingar; Fred Aminzadeh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "azerbaijan belarus bosnia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

MCNPX, MONK, and ERANOS analyses of the YALINA booster subcritical assembly.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper compares the numerical results obtained from various nuclear codes and nuclear data libraries with the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly (Minsk, Belarus) experimental results. This subcritical assembly was constructed to study the physics and the operation of accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADS) for transmuting the light water reactors (LWR) spent nuclear fuel. The YALINA Booster facility has been accurately modeled, with no material homogenization, by the Monte Carlo codes MCNPX (MCNP/MCB) and MONK. The MONK geometrical model matches that of MCNPX. The assembly has also been analyzed by the deterministic code ERANOS. In addition, the differences between the effective neutron multiplication factor and the source multiplication factors have been examined by alternative calculational methodologies. The analyses include the delayed neutron fraction, prompt neutron lifetime, generation time, neutron flux profiles, and spectra in various experimental channels. The accuracy of the numerical models has been enhanced by accounting for all material impurities and the actual density of the polyethylene material used in the assembly (the latter value was obtained by dividing the total weight of the polyethylene by its volume in the numerical model). There is good agreement between the results from MONK, MCNPX, and ERANOS. The ERANOS results show small differences relative to the other results because of material homogenization and the energy and angle discretizations.The MCNPX results match the experimental measurements of the {sup 3}He(n,p) reaction rates obtained with the californium neutron source.

Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y.; Aliberti, G.; Cao, Y.; Smith, D.; Zhong, Z.; Kiyavitskaya, H.; Bournos, V.; Fokov, Y.; Routkovskaya, C.; Serafimovich, I. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (Joint Inst. for Power and Nuclear Research); (National Academy of Science of Belarus)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric Chernobyl-released radioactivity, assessed at about 2 x 10{sup 18} Bq, caused global environmental contamination. Contaminated air masses appeared in the Transcaucasian region in early May, 1986. Rains that month promoted intense radionuclide deposition all over Georgia. The contamination level of western Georgia considerably exceeded the contamination level of eastern Georgia. The Black Sea coast of Georgia suffered from the Chernobyl accident as much as did strongly contaminated areas of the Ukraine and Belarus`. Unfortunately, governmental decrees on countermeasures against the consequences of the Chernobyl accident at that time did not even refer to the coast of Georgia. The authors observed the first increase in radioactivity background in rainfall samples collected on May 2, 1986, in Tbilisi. {gamma}-Spectrometric measurements of aerosol filters, vegetation, food stuffs, and other objects, in addition to rainfall, persistently confirmed the occurrence of short-lived radionuclides, including {sup 131}I. At first, this fact seemed unbelievable, because the Chernobyl accident had occurred only 4-5 days earlier and far from Georgia. However, these arguments proved to be faulty. Soon, environmental monitoring of radiation in Georgia became urgent. Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia shortly after the Chernobyl accident, as well as the methods of analysis, are reported in this paper.

Mosulishvili, L.M.; Shoniya, N.I.; Katamadze, N.M. [Institute of Physics, Tbilisi, Georgia (Russian Federation)] [and others

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

US/Belarusian government-to-government material protection, control, and accounting cooperation at the Sosny science and technology center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A formal program of cooperation between the US Department of Energy and the Belarusian regulatory agency Promatomnazdor (PAN) began in 1994. A visit to the Belarusian Sosny Science and Technology Center (SSTC) by representatives from the United States, Sweden, Japan, and the International Atomic Energy Agency resulted in a multinational program of cooperation to enhance the existing material protection, control, and accounting systems in place at Sosny. Specific physical-protection-related recommendations included upgrades to the physical protection systems at Buildings 33 and 40 at Sosny and the security systems in the SSTC central alarm station. US experts, in conjunction with the multinational team and Belarus representatives, have reviewed initial designs for physical protection upgrades at Sosny. Subsequently, the United States assumed an essential role for funding and technical oversight for enhancements at the SSTC, aspects of its emergency communication systems, and the upgrade of the SSTC site access control system. This paper addresses the status of physical protection enhancements at the Sosny site.

Case, R.S. Jr.; Baumann, M.; Madsen, R.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Krevsum, E. [Sosny Science and Technology Center, Minsk (Belarus); Haase, M. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Proceedings of the Chornobyl phytoremediation and biomass energy conversion workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many concepts, systems, technical approaches, technologies, ideas, agreements, and disagreements were vigorously discussed during the course of the 2-day workshop. The workshop was successful in generating intensive discussions on the merits of the proposed concept that includes removal of radionuclides by plants and trees (phytoremediation) to clean up soil in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ), use of the resultant biomass (plants and trees) to generate electrical power, and incorporation of ash in concrete casks to be used as storage containers in a licensed repository for low-level waste. Twelve years after the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 accident, which occurred on April 26, 1986, the primary 4radioactive contamination of concern is from radioactive cesium ({sup 137}Cs) and strontium ({sup 90}Sr). The {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr were widely distributed throughout the CEZ. The attendees from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Denmark and the US provided information, discussed and debated the following issues considerably: distribution and characteristics of radionuclides in CEZ; efficacy of using trees and plants to extract radioactive cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) from contaminated soil; selection of energy conversion systems and technologies; necessary infrastructure for biomass harvesting, handling, transportation, and energy conversion; radioactive ash and emission management; occupational health and safety concerns for the personnel involved in this work; and economics. The attendees concluded that the overall concept has technical and possibly economic merits. However, many issues (technical, economic, risk) remain to be resolved before a viable commercial-scale implementation could take place.

Hartley, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Tokarevsky, V. [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)] [State Co. for Treatment and Disposal of Mixed Hazardous Waste (Ukraine)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

On-site Inspection Agency (OSIA) FY 1998-2003 program objective memorandum (POM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arms control is an integral part of our country`s national security strategy. Arms control ensures confidence in compliance through effective inspection, monitoring, and verification; and, ultimately, contributes to a more stable and calculable balance of power. The full and faithful implementation of existing arms control agreements, followed by ratification of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II) and Chemical Weapons (CW) Agreements remains an important element of the Administration`s national security policy. With the entry into force (ElF) of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) in the first quarter 1w 1995, ElF of START II planned for late 1w 1996, ElF of the Open Skies (OS) Treaty and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) planned for 1w 1997, and ElF of the Chemical Weapons Bilateral Destruction Agreement (CW BDA) now planned for 1w 1998, OSIA POM resources have been adjusted to support the significantly expanded missions associated with these Treaties in the outyears. The OSIA continues its efforts to carry out the inspection, escort, and monitoring provisions of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) and Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaties, as well as to maintain a standby status for the Nuclear Test Ban Treaties (NTBT). With the advent of new missions, OSIA is playing an expanding role in providing support to the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program and Safeguards, Transparency, and Irreversibility (STI) Agreements. Other missions include support for the Biological Weapons (BW) Program and the Technical Equipment Inspections (TEl) Program, Executive Agent for the Defense Treaty Inspection Readiness Program (DTIRP), and the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) on fraq. Our latest mission involves providing support for the Bosnia Peace Plan initiative.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Petroleum systems of the Southwest Caspian Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southwest Caspian Basin, located in offshore Azerbaijan, contains significant accumulations of oil and gas in Upper Tertiary siliciclastic sediments. The central basin contains up to 25 km of sediments. The relatively low geothermal gradients and low degree of compaction from rapid burial provide favorable conditions or the retention of hydrocarbons at relatively great depths. A variety of structural styles occur, ranging from anticlinal folds to monoclines, with various degrees of reverse faulting and brecciation. Molecular characterization of selected oil samples indicate most of the oils have been sourced form the same or similar facies; a Tertiary Type II, slightly calcareous, marine clastic facies. Insufficient organic-rich rocks are available for a reliable oil-source correlation. Examination of oil molecular characteristics, oil-oil correlations, molecular characteristics of key stratigraphic horizons, paleofacies maps, maturation, and potential migration pathways suggest the oil was not syngenetic but most likely sourced from deeper Oligo-Miocene or older marine shales. Compositional data for a single offshore gas sample suggest the gas is a mixture of low maturity Type III and biogenic. A multi-stage model of hydrocarbon emplacement for evolving structural traps has been postulated. The first phase of emplacement occurred in the Middle Pliocene when tectonic movement and significant subsidence initiated early trap/reservoir formation, migration, and hydrocarbon generation. Late Quaternary tectonic activity lead to the replenishment of older depleted traps, additional hydrocarbons for enhanced traps, and charging of new traps. In addition, late tectonic activity caused extensive redistribution of hydrocarbon accumulations, degassing due to breached faults, and destruction of selected oil pools.

Abrams, M.A.; Narimanov, A.A. [State Oil Company of Azerbaijan, Baku (Azerbaijan)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

YALINA-booster subcritical assembly pulsed-neutron experiments : data processing and spatial corrections.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The YALINA-Booster experiments and analyses are part of the collaboration between Argonne National Laboratory of USA and the Joint Institute for Power & Nuclear Research - SOSNY of Belarus for studying the physics of accelerator driven systems for nuclear energy applications using low enriched uranium. The YALINA-Booster subcritical assembly is utilized for studying the kinetics of accelerator driven systems with its highly intensive D-T or D-D pulsed neutron source. In particular, the pulsed neutron methods are used to determine the reactivity of the subcritical system. This report examines the pulsed-neutron experiments performed in the YALINA-Booster facility with different configurations for the subcritical assembly. The 1141 configuration with 90% U-235 fuel and the 1185 configuration with 36% or 21% U-235 fuel are examined. The Sjoestrand area-ratio method is utilized to determine the reactivities of the different configurations. The linear regression method is applied to obtain the prompt neutron decay constants from the pulsed-neutron experimental data. The reactivity values obtained from the experimental data are shown to be dependent on the detector locations inside the subcritical assembly and the types of detector used for the measurements. In this report, Bell's spatial correction factors are calculated based on a Monte Carlo model to remove the detector dependences. The large differences between the reactivity values given by the detectors in the fast neutron zone of the YALINA-Booster are reduced after applying the spatial corrections. In addition, the estimated reactivity values after the spatial corrections are much less spatially dependent.

Cao, Y.; Gohar, Y.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Monte Carlo modeling and analyses of YALINA booster subcritical assembly, Part III : low enriched uranium conversion analyses.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigates the performance of the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly, located in Belarus, during operation with high (90%), medium (36%), and low (21%) enriched uranium fuels in the assembly's fast zone. The YALINA Booster is a zero-power, subcritical assembly driven by a conventional neutron generator. It was constructed for the purpose of investigating the static and dynamic neutronics properties of accelerator driven subcritical systems, and to serve as a fast neutron source for investigating the properties of nuclear reactions, in particular transmutation reactions involving minor-actinides. The first part of this study analyzes the assembly's performance with several fuel types. The MCNPX and MONK Monte Carlo codes were used to determine effective and source neutron multiplication factors, effective delayed neutron fraction, prompt neutron lifetime, neutron flux profiles and spectra, and neutron reaction rates produced from the use of three neutron sources: californium, deuterium-deuterium, and deuterium-tritium. In the latter two cases, the external neutron source operates in pulsed mode. The results discussed in the first part of this report show that the use of low enriched fuel in the fast zone of the assembly diminishes neutron multiplication. Therefore, the discussion in the second part of the report focuses on finding alternative fuel loading configurations that enhance neutron multiplication while using low enriched uranium fuel. It was found that arranging the interface absorber between the fast and the thermal zones in a circular rather than a square array is an effective method of operating the YALINA Booster subcritical assembly without downgrading neutron multiplication relative to the original value obtained with the use of the high enriched uranium fuels in the fast zone.

Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division) [Nuclear Engineering Division

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

189

Chernobyl nuclear accident hydrologic analysis and emergency evaluation of radionuclide distributions in the Dnieper River, Ukraine, during the 1993 summer flood  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes joint activities of Program 7.1.F, ``Radionuclide Transport in Water and Soil Systems,`` of the USA/Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Joint Coordinating Committee of Civilian Nuclear Reactor Safety to study the hydrogeochemical behavior of radionuclides released to the Pripyat and Dnieper rivers from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine. These joint activities included rapid evaluation of radionuclide distributions in the Pripyat and Dnieper river system and field data evaluation and modeling for the 1993 summer flood to assist the Ukrainian government in their emergency response during the flood. In July-August 1993, heavy rainfall over the Pripyat River Catchment in Belarus and Ukraine caused severe flooding, significantly raising {sup 90}Sr concentrations in the river. Near the Chernobyl area, the maximum {sup 90}Sr concentration in the Pripyat River reached 20--25 PCi/L in early August; near the Pripyat River mouth, the concentration rose to 35 pCi/L. The peak {sup 90}Sr concentration in the Kiev Reservoir (a major source of drinking water for Kiev) was 12 pCi/L. Based on these measured radionuclide levels, additional modeling results and the assumption of water purification in a water treatment station, {sup 90}Sr concentrations in Kiev`s drinking water were estimated to be less than 8 pCi/L. Unlike {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs concentrations in the Pripyat River during the flood did not rise significantly to the pre-flood levels. Estimated {sup 137}Cs concentrations for the Kiev drinking water were two orders of magnitude lower than the drinking water standard of 500 pCi/L for {sup 137}Cs.

Voitsekhovitch, O.V. [Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Inst., Kiev (Ukraine); Zheleznyak, M.J. [Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine). Cybernetics Center; Onishi, Y. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The future of nuclear weapons: Proliferation in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty in December 1987, followed by the dramatic changes in East-West relations since 1989 and the more recent Soviet-American strategic arms limitation agreement, have greatly eased public concerns about the danger of nuclear war. The context has also changed for the Nonaligned Movement, which had made nuclear disarmament and condemnation of the concept of nuclear deterrence the primary themes of its multilateral disarmament diplomacy. More important would be the interrelationship among the states possessing nuclear weapons (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan). In any case, there is little risk of a revival of nuclear competition. Both France and China have decided to sign the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT); they are the only two nuclear-weapon states that have stayed outside the regime. Meanwhile, Brazil and Argentina have moved further down the nonproliferation road by engaging in confidence-building measures and moving closer to joining the Latin American nuclear-weapons-free zone established under the Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1967. South Africa has also agreed to embrace the NPT as well as a nuclear-weapons-free zone regime for the entire African continent, while North Korea has agreed to sign a safeguard agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), thereby allowing in principle international inspection of its nuclear facilities. In the third world regions, the dangers of nuclear proliferation and competitive nuclear buildup are most pronounced in South Asia, a region where a variety of complicating problems exist: acute threat perceptions, historical emity, religious and sectarian animosity, ethnic antagonism, territorial disputes, ambitions for regional dominance, and domestic political instability. This chapter will focus primarily on South Asia, although references will also be made to other regions, where relevant. 17 refs.

Kamal, N. [Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabada (Pakistan)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

191

U.S. Department of Energy, Defense Programs, activities to support the safe, secure dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the Former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In September 1991 President Bush announced sweeping cuts in the US nuclear weapon stockpile as well as changes in deployment to remove significant numbers of weapons from alert status and to return to the US for storage many weapons formerly based abroad in US sites. In October 1991 President Gorbachev announced similar moves for the Soviet Union. Even though the Gorbachev announcement represented a substantial step forward in reducing tension between the US and the Soviet Union, the US continued to be concerned about the deteriorating situation in the Soviet Union and the prospects for internal stability. As a result, in November 1991 the Administration began talks with the Soviets in a number of areas including field disablement of nuclear weapons to prevent unauthorized use, emergency response in the event of a weapons accident, and command and control of nuclear weapons. The Nunn-Lugar legislation assured assistance to the Soviet Union in the safe, secure dismantlement (SSD) of weapons to implement the Gorbachev commitment and in the development of measures to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The Department of Energy (DOE) is supporting and collaborating with the Department of Defense (DOD) in several areas due to the DOE responsibilities for developing, assembling, and dismantling US warheads and as the custodian of the nuclear materials stockpile. Russia, as the successor state to the Soviet Union, controls the nuclear weapons of the Former Soviet Union. Thus, DOE`s nuclear weapon and nuclear materials expertise are being applied particularly to Russia. However, the DOE is also providing assistance to Belarus and is prepared to assist Ukraine and Kazakhstan as well if agreements can be reached. In this paper, the DOE SSD activities in support of DOD as the US Executive Agent will be discussed. Two areas will not be covered, namely, DOD activities and the purchase of highly enriched uranium.

Turner, J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

Feasibility and options for purchasing nuclear weapons, highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium from the former Soviet Union (FSU)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to a recent tasking from the National Security Council, this report seeks to analyze the possible options open to the US for purchasing, from the former Soviet Union (FSU) substantial quantities of plutonium and highly enriched uranium recovered from the accelerated weapons retirements and dismantlements that will soon be taking place. The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the implications of some of the options that now appear to be open to the United States, it being recognized that several issues might have to be addressed in further detail if the US Government, on its own, or acting with others seeks to negotiate any such purchases on an early basis. As an outgrowth of the dissolution of the Soviet Union three of the C.I.S. republics now possessing nuclear weapons, namely the Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, have stated that it is their goal, without undue delay, to become non-nuclear weapon states as defined in the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Of overriding US concern is the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Third World, and the significant opportunity that the availability of such a large quantity of surplus weapons grade material might present in this regard, especially to a cash-starved FSU Republic. Additionally, the US, in its endeavor to drawdown its own arsenal, needs to assure itself that these materials are not being reconfigured into more modern weapons within the CIS in a manner which would be inconsistent with the stated intentions and publicized activities. The direct purchase of these valuable materials by the US government or by interested US private enterprises could alleviate these security concerns in a straightforward and very expeditious manner, while at the same time pumping vitally needed hard currency into the struggling CIS economy. Such a purchase would seem to be entirely consistent with the Congressional mandate indicated by the Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Enemy Below - The Global Diffusion of Submarines and Related Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the Cold War seemed to create a more peaceful international environment. September 11 reminded us of the dangers of complacency. Indeed, even before September 11 US forces had intervened in a number of wars and crises, including Panama, the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, several Taiwan Straits crises, the North Korea nuclear weapons crisis, and most recently Afghanistan. US ability to intervene in remote areas of the world is often dependent on the Navy's ability to project power ashore. As a result, US ability to influence events in crisis situations, especially between or among nuclear powers, may become more difficult along with our ability to conduct littoral warfare. Although the numbers of potentially hostile submarines have declined with the end of the Cold War, US anti-submarine warfare capabilities have also declined. Moreover, foreign submarines and related technologies are likely to diffuse globally. New technologies like Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), improved weapons and sensors will make conventional submarines more dangerous, and the spread of nuclear submarines even to a few more countries raise political, military, environmental, and safety concerns. Submarines are one of the key weapon systems used alone or in combination with other weapon systems such as coastal defense missiles, aircraft, and other sea-based missile platforms to deny US ability to project power ashore, Thus, other countries who wish to deny the US the ability to interfere with their regional or even global ambitions may emphasize the acquisition and/or development of submarines. As the world become more multipolar over the longer term, as the Chinese believe it will, countries such as Russia, China. etc., may be able to acquire the submarine capabilities to challenge us not just regionally, but in blue waters. To the extent that our alliance relationships require US naval access or superiority to sustain them, then our erstwhile friendly allies such as Japan, South Korea, ASEAN states, Taiwan, etc., may seek their own arrangements with other powers for their protection or seek WMD capabilities to offset the former reliance on the US. In addition to a loss of unchallenged regional access, the US may have to devote greater resources for protecting its homeland, and perhaps its sea-based deterrent, from hostile submarine forces.

Weiss, K G

2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

194

Evolutionary history of Ichthyosaura alpestris (Caudata, Salamandridae) inferred from the combined analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial markers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Widespread species with morphologically and ecologically differentiated populations are key to understand speciation because they allow investigating the different stages of the continuous process of population divergence. The alpine newt, Ichthyosaura alpestris, with a range that covers a large part of Central Europe as well as isolated regions in all three European Mediterranean peninsulas, and with strong ecological and life-history differences among populations, is an excellent system for such studies. We sampled individuals across most of the range of the species, and analyzed mitochondrial (1442bp) and nuclear (two nuclear genes -1554bp- and 35 allozyme loci) markers to produce a time-calibrated phylogeny and reconstruct the historical biogeography of the species. Phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA data produced a fully resolved topology, with an endemic, Balkan clade (Vlasina) which is sister to a clade comprising an eastern and a western group. Within the former, one clade (subspecies I. a. veluchiensis) is sister to a clade containing subspecies I. a. montenegrina and I. a. serdara as well as samples from southern Romania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Bulgaria (subspecies I. a. reiseri and part of I. a. alpestris). Within the western group, populations from the Italian peninsula (subspecies I. a. apuana and I. a. inexpectata) are sister to a clade containing samples from the Iberian Peninsula (subspecies I. a. cyreni) and the remainder of the samples from subspecies I. a. alpestris (populations from Hungary, Austria, Poland, France, Germany and the larger part of Romania). Results of ?BEAST analyses on a combined mtDNA and nDNA dataset consistently recovered with high statistical support four lineages with unresolved inter-relationships: (1) subspecies I. a. veluchiensis; (2) subspecies I. a. apuana+I. a. inexpectata; (3) subspecies I. a. cyreni+part of subspecies I. a. alpestris (the westernmost populations, plus most Romanian populations); and (4) the remaining populations, including subspecies I. a. serdara, I. a. reiseri and I. a. montenegrina and part of subspecies I. a. alpestris, plus samples from Vlasina. Our time estimates are consistent with ages based on the fossil record and suggest a widespread distribution for the I. alpestris ancestor, with the split of the major eastern and western lineages during the Miocene, in the Tortonian. Our study provides a solid, comprehensive background on the evolutionary history of the species based on the most complete combined (mtDNA+nDNA+allozymes) dataset to date. The combination of the historical perspective provided by coalescent-based analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA variation with individual-based multilocus assignment methods based on multiple nuclear markers (allozymes) also allowed identification of instances of discordance across markers that highlight the complexity and dynamism of past and ongoing evolutionary processes in the species.

Ernesto Recuero; David Buckley; Mario Garca-Pars; Jan W. Arntzen; Dan Cog?lniceanu; Iigo Martnez-Solano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Section 49 - Business  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The category entitled Business includes milestones involving companies and other business organizations with energy-related activities, and also business ventures in energy by individual entrepreneurs. This subject area is closely related to the preceding section Economics. The first significant energy business involved the mining, transportation, and sale of coal. The coal industry originated in Great Britain, especially in the Newcastle area of northern England. (This became the source of the expression carrying coals to Newcastle to describe a needless activity, since coal already could be found there in such abundance.) The U.S. coal business began in the mid 1700s, and was located mainly in the Appalachian region, where it still exists as a major industry today. The next major energy business to emerge in the U.S. was water power, in New Jersey in the late 1700s. This was followed by the gas lighting industry, which had begun in Britain in 1812 and then developed in the U.S. shortly afterward. Another notable energy business of this time was the whale oil industry, in which whales were hunted for use of their oil as a lighting fuel. This had a remarkable career arc as a business. It came of age in New England in the 1820s, peaked in the 1840s, and was virtually defunct by the end of the 1860s. Other fuel sources had replaced whale oil, chiefly kerosene, a cheaper and more easily obtainable product. The oil business had its formal beginnings in the 1850s in the U.S. and Romania. The year 1870 then saw a significant milestone in the business with the creation of the Standard Oil Company by John D. Rockefeller and colleagues. Three years later, the brothers Robert and Ludwig Nobel (siblings of the inventor Alfred) set up a company to exploit the oil riches of Baku, Azerbaijan. Bakus oil industry would become the largest in the world in the late nineteenth century. Also in the 1850s, the first commercial natural gas company was formed in Fredonia, New York. The 1870s marked the beginning of another huge energy business, the commercial supply of electric power. The founding of Thomas Edisons Edison Electric Light Company (1879) was the seminal event in this respect. Thus by the end of the 1870s, the four large energy supply industries of the U.S.coal, oil, gas, and electricitywere all in full operation. The general availability of energy supply from oil and electricity led to the development of a huge energy-related business, the automobile industry. This began in the 1890s, with the founding of Daimler Motors in Germany being the most significant event. Electric car companies would enjoy success from this early period of the 1890s up until the early 1920s, when gasoline-powered cars eclipsed their sale. The first step in the demise of electric streetcar companies also came in the early 1920s when the General Motors Company began a campaign to replace street cars with gasoline-powered vehicles. A major development in the energy business in the 20th century was the effort to produce and market oil from Middle Eastern sources. This began in earnest in the 1930s when Western oil companies were granted concessions to begin oil prospecting in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Eventually, these two nations would take over their oil industry and control its revenue themselves, as would various other oil-exporting nations (e.g., Venezuela, Nigeria). The influence of Western oil companies was at its peak in the mid 1970s when the popular media referred to the Seven Sisters that then dominated the business: Exxon, Mobil, Socal (Chevron), Texaco, Gulf, British Petroleum, and Royal Dutch/Shell. These companies controlled about 85 percent of the worlds oil reserves. Their influence on the global market would soon diminish due to the importance of OPEC and the existence of various state-owned oil companies as noted above. Nevertheless, a contemporary list of the ten largest global companies still includes all of the Seven Sisters, either as independent companies or as part of a merger with another of this group. The

Cutler J. Cleveland; Christopher Morris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z