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  1. Sandia Energy - SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana...

  2. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeBahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeBahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize

  3. Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and...

  4. Bahamas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ), created in order to serve as the primary governing body for electronic communications in the Bahamas. The URCA is to assume responsibility for the electricity...

  5. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy Summit Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy...

  6. Intern experience at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain: an internship report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljamea, Najeeb Ahmad

    2013-03-13

    at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain. (May 1985) Najeeb Ahmad Aljarnea, B.S., Texas A&M University, M.E. Texas A&'M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. A. K. Ayoub Dr. B. D. Russell This report describes the author's experience... with the Electricity Directorate of Bahrain from September 19X3 to December 198U During this internship period, the author worked as a Senior Engineer in the System Operations and Planning Department. The intent of this report is to demonstrate that this experience...

  7. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the entire world." The Energy Summit is built around the core nations of Georgia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Azerbaijan and is focused on promoting a collective energy...

  8. Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, H.; Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S.

    1996-08-01

    Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

  9. Azerbaijan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump|LineMaine:Ayuda:Navegacion JumpAzerbaijan:

  10. Succulent and spiny : the Bahamas' quest for a sustainable lobster fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rood, Jennifer E., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    The Caribbean spiny lobster fishery is one of the most important industries in the economy of the Bahamas, and in turn it is one of the largest lobster industries in the world. The natural geography of the Bahamas makes ...

  11. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Bahamas (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the electricity generation or reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to the Commonwealth of the Bahamas - a country consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets - of which only 30 are actually inhabited. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  12. BAHAMAS: new SNIa analysis reveals inconsistencies with standard cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shariff, H; Trotta, R; van Dyk, D A

    2015-01-01

    We present results obtained by applying our BAyesian HierArchical Modeling for the Analysis of Supernova cosmology (BAHAMAS) software package to the 740 spectroscopically confirmed supernovae type Ia (SNIa) from the "Joint Light-curve Analysis" (JLA) dataset. We simultaneously determine cosmological parameters and standardization parameters, including host galaxy mass corrections, residual scatter and object-by-object intrinsic magnitudes. Combining JLA and Planck Cosmic Microwave Background data, we find significant discrepancies in cosmological parameter constraints with respect to the standard analysis: we find Omega_M = 0.399+/-0.027, 2.8\\sigma\\ higher than previously reported and w = -0.910+/-0.045, 1.6\\sigma\\ higher than the standard analysis. We determine the residual scatter to be sigma_res = 0.104+/-0.005. We confirm (at the 95% probability level) the existence of two sub-populations segregated by host galaxy mass, separated at log_{10}(M/M_solar) = 10, differing in mean intrinsic magnitude by 0.055+...

  13. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Azerbaijan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2004-06-21

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy had maintained a web site that was meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consisted of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There were also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these was a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Azerbaijan.

  14. Distribution of Radioactive Materials in the Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan - 13567

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandergraaf, Tjalle T.; Mamedov, Gudrat G.; Ramazanov, Mahammadali A.; Badalov, Vatan H.; Naghiyev, Jalal A.; Mehdiyeva, Afat A.

    2013-07-01

    The Absheron Peninsula forms the extreme Eastern part of Azerbaijan and juts into the Caspian Sea. The region has a long history of oil and gas exploration, transport, and processing and includes a number of abandoned chemical plants that were used in the separation of iodine from formation waters. As a result of lax environmental standards during the Soviet era, the industrial activity has led to serious contamination from oils residues, heavy metals and naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Radiometric surveys performed over a wide range of the Absheron Peninsula showed generally low NORM concentrations. However, radiation levels two to three orders of magnitude above background levels were detected at two abandoned iodine separation plants near the capital city, Baku. These elevated radiation levels are mainly due to Ra-226 and U-238 with lower contributions from Ra-228 and U-235. (authors)

  15. Assessment of lead contamination in Bahrain environment. I. Analysis of household paint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madany, I.M.; Ali, S.M.; Akhter, M.S.

    1987-01-01

    The analysis of lead in household paint collected from various old buildings in Bahrain is reported. The atomic absorption spectrophotometric method, both flame and flameless (graphite furnace) techniques, were used for the analysis. The concentrations of lead in paint were found in the range 200 to 5700 mg/kg, which are low compared to the limit of 0.5% in UK and 0.06% in USA. Nevertheless, these are hazardous. Recommendations are reported in order to avoid paint containing lead. 17 references, 1 table.

  16. GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    as representing the deeply weathered top of a salt diapir, whose emplacement had a strong tectonic fault141 GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain Salt intrusions in Jabal, is attributed to deep weathering and dissolution similar to that seen at the surface-piercing salt domes

  17. Whose land is it anyway? : an analysis of the management and distribution of Crown Land in the Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Nakeischea Loi

    2007-01-01

    Like many islands throughout the Caribbean, The Bahamas are now experiencing rapid growth and development in the form of large-scale luxury resorts and second homes. Consistent with a long history going back to the colonial ...

  18. Can Ecotourism Help Achieve Sustainable Development? A SWOT Analysis of the Marine Ecotourism Sector on Andros Island, Bahamas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baller, Joshua

    2014-11-27

    sustainable development in small island states. This will be carried out through an analysis of the marine ecotourism sector on Andros Island, The Bahamas, using SWOT Analysis to determine whether or not ecotourism is viable as a sustainable development option...

  19. When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svensen, Henrik

    Petroleum Research, Oslo Research Park, 0349 Oslo, Norway c Geology Institute Azerbaijan, Husein Avenue 29A, and petroleum. However, the source of the fluids and the fluid­rock interactions within the mud volcano conduit and Indonesia (e.g. Jakubov et al.,1971; Barber et al.,1986; Cita et al.,1996; Dia et al., 1999; Isaksen et al

  20. When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzini, Adriano

    Petroleum Research, Oslo Research Park, 0349 Oslo, Norway c Geology Institute Azerbaijan, Husein Avenue 29A, gas, and petroleum. However, the source of the fluids and the fluid­rock interactions within the mud and Indonesia (e.g. Jakubov et al.,1971; Barber et al.,1986; Cita et al.,1996; Dia et al., 1999; Isaksen et al

  1. Investigation of the Dashigil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using beryllium-10 K.J. Kim a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the Dashigil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using beryllium-10 K.J. Kim a, , M. Baskaran: Mud volcano Hydrothermal Beryllium-10 Beryllium isotopes Subduction Cosmogenic nuclide a b s t r a c Caucasus Mountains and 160 marine volcanoes (Fig. 1). Beryllium isotopes have been extensively utilized

  2. Global warming implications of facade parameters: A life cycle assessment of residential buildings in Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radhi, Hassan; Sharples, Stephen

    2013-01-15

    On a global scale, the Gulf Corporation Council Countries (GCCC), including Bahrain, are amongst the top countries in terms of carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Building authority in Bahrain has set a target of 40% reduction of electricity consumption and associated CO{sub 2} emissions to be achieved by using facade parameters. This work evaluates how the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of buildings are affected by facade parameters. The main focus is placed on direct and indirect CO{sub 2} emissions from three contributors, namely, chemical reactions during production processes (Pco{sub 2}), embodied energy (Eco{sub 2}) and operational energy (OPco{sub 2}). By means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, it has been possible to show that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase (80-90%). However, embodied CO{sub 2} emissions are an important factor that needs to be brought into the systems used for appraisal of projects, and hence into the design decisions made in developing projects. The assessment shows that masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO{sub 2} emissions of facade construction, mainly due to their physical characteristics. The highest Pco{sub 2} emissions factors are those of window elements, particularly aluminium frames. However, their contribution of CO{sub 2} emissions depends largely on the number and size of windows. Each square metre of glazing is able to increase the total CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 30% when compared with the same areas of opaque walls. The use of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) walls reduces the total life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 5.2% when compared with ordinary walls, while the use of thermal insulation with concrete wall reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.2%. The outcome of this work offers to the building industry a reliable indicator of the environmental impact of residential facade parameters. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Life cycle carbon assessment of facade parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO2 emissions of facade construction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Window contribution of CO2 emissions depends on the number and size of windows. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Without insulation, AAC walls offer more savings in CO2 emissions.

  3. Sedimentary iron cycling and the origin and preservation of magnetization in platform carbonate muds, Andros Island, Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschvink, Joseph L.

    carbonates provide, in their stratigraphy and sedimentology, a local record of changing environmental of Pleistocene aeolianites in the Triple Goose Creek region of northwest Andros Island, Bahamas. Sedimentological directions and magnetofossil stratigraphies. © 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: sedimentary

  4. Geochemical evidence for African dust inputs to soils of western Atlantic islands: Barbados, the Bahamas, and Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    Geochemical evidence for African dust inputs to soils of western Atlantic islands: Barbados of Barbados, the Florida Keys, and the Bahamas. Potential soil parent materials in this region, external to the carbonate substrate, include volcanic ash from the island of St. Vincent (near Barbados), volcanic ash from

  5. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeRep. Albania Georgia Belgium Barbados Serbia and MontenegroIsrael Belgium Denmark Barbados Bulgaria France Hungary

  6. Geo-Information Systems for the Middle EastGeoArabia, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2000 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    295 Geo-Information Systems for the Middle EastGeoArabia, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2000 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain Design and Development of Information Systems for the Geosciences: An Application to the Middle are developing a comprehensive Solid Earth Information System (SEIS). The complex nature of the solid earth

  7. Deposition of carbonate mud beds within high-energy subtidal sand Dunes, Bahamas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dill, R.F.; Steinen, R.P.

    1988-01-01

    Laminated, carbonate mud beds are being deposited in the interisland channels of the Exuma Cays in the Bahamas. They are associated with stromatolites and interbedded with ooid sands that form large migrating subtidal dunes on flood tidal deltas and bars. Currents up to 3 knots sweep in and out of the 4-8 m deep channels 3 hours out of every 6 hours, creating a high-energy bank margin environment not usually considered to be the site of mud-sized particle deposition. Mud deposits reach thicknesses of 1 m and have individual beds 2-5 cm thick. When exposed to flowing seawater, bed surfaces become encrusted with carbonate cement and algal mats. The white interior of mud beds between the crusts appears homogeneous, is soft, and has the consistency of ''tooth paste.'' Loose uncemented ooid sand is found above and below the mud beds, showing that both are occupying the same depositional environment. Rip-up clasts of the crusted mud beds, formed by scour of underlying sands, are carried throughout the channels and accumulate as a lag deposit within the troughs of migrating dunes. Some clasts are colonized by algal mats that trap ooid and skeletal sands forming stromatolite structures that can grow up to 2 m high.

  8. Temporal and spatial variability of ooid sand shoals: Comparison of Mississippian of Kentucky and Quaternary of Bahamas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boardman, M.R. (Miami Univ., Oxford, OH (USA))

    1989-08-01

    An examination of the lithology and topography of Andros Island, Bahamas, reveals it is a Pleistocene ooid sand shoal. A comparison with Joulters Cays (a modern ooid sand shoal directly to the north) shows that much of the original depositional topography is preserved through at least one cycle of sea level highstand and lowstand. Both the Pleistocene and the Holocene ooid sand bodies are a few kilometers to tens of kilometers wide. The total vertical relief of a single episode of Quaternary ooid sand deposition is more than 10 m and includes accumulation in tidal channels, shallow flat areas, and eolian dunes. Today, much of Andros Island is within 2 m of present sea level and is the site of a belt several kilometers wide consisting of muddy tidal flat sediments overlying an exposure surface. The site of ooid sand deposition and shoal complex formation is not continuous along shorelines, especially windward margins, but shifts abruptly along the margins of platforms as a result of minor fluctuations of sea level. Thus, it should be expected that ooid sand shoals (ancient and modern) should be in direct lateral and vertical contact with lagoons, tidal flats, and reefs. The Mississippian Slade Formation contains many of the features of Quaternary ooid sand accumulation: abrupt vertical and lateral gradations between oolitic grainstones, packstones, and lime mudstones, vertical relief of individual oolitic sedimentary packages up to 30 m (perhaps with eolian dunes) and numerous exposure surfaces of varying intensities. These characteristics suggest that this formation represents a time of rapid fluctuations of relative sea level and abrupt shifts in the sites of ooid sand shoal complexes.

  9. Stromatolites, ooid dunes, hardgrounds, and crusted mud beds, all products of marine cementation and microbial mats in subtidal oceanic mixing zone on eastern margin of Great Bahama Bank

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dill, R.F.; Kendall, C.S.C.G.; Steinen, R.P.

    1989-03-01

    The interisland channels along the eastern margin of the Great Bahamas Bank contain lithified structures that owe their origin to recent marine cementation. This cementation appears to be commonly associated with a complex microbial community of plants and microorganisms living within a bank-margin oceanographic mixing zone. In this region, reversing tidal and wind-driven currents flow up to 3 knots (150 cm/sec) three hours out of each six-hour tidal period. Here, marine-cement crusted, carbonate mud beds are found interbedded within migrating ooid sand bars and dunes and are associated with growing, lithified stromatolites up to 2 m in height. These laminated mud beds are found with thicknesses of up to 1 m in subtidal depths of 4 to 8 m (12 to 25 ft). The muds appear to be homogeneous, but closer examination by SEM and under a microscope reveals they are composed of pelletoid aggregates of needle-shaped aragonite crystals with diameters of up to 50 ..mu... The size of these soft pellets is similar to the smaller grains of ooid sands that are abundant in the area. This size similarity could explain why both the mud beds are found in similar high-energy hydraulic regimes as the ooid sands, but does not suggest how or why the aggregates of pure aragonite needles form. A high production of ooid sand within this bank margin environment permits the formation of natural levees along the margins of tidal channels. The back sides of these levees are being lithified by marine cements to form hardgrounds. Skeletal and ooid sand dunes stabilized by Thallasia in channel bottoms also are becoming lithified. Grapestones form at the distributaries of flood tidal deltas of ooid sand. All of these features have a common attribute: they are continually in contact with the turbulent mixing-zone waters.

  10. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  11. Bahrain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece: EnergyMontana)DistrictTransport Jump to:Strategy

  12. Macroalgal distribution at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Jill Christie

    1997-01-01

    The preservation of coral reef communities has become a major concern to scientists and environmentalists due to the increase in coral diseases and reef degradation on a worldwide basis. As a result of coral mortality and the removal of herbivores...

  13. Cuba, Jamaica and the Bahama Islands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodd, Mead & Company

    1907-01-01

    in equine genomics and the genetics of athletic performance in humans have opened up the possibility of investigating this important trait in the Thoroughbred. Initially, 46 candidate genes associated with human athletic performance were mapped in the equine...

  14. Bahamas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustriaBiofuels Brasil Jump to:Babette JeeBaca2EnergyBagnore

  15. UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar Carnegie Mellon University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Healthcare Benefits International/ In Network US Out of Network US Hospital Charges Nursing, accommodation Immunizations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Travel Vaccinations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Preventive

  16. Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSAEngineering LLC Jump to:SunOasis

  17. BAHAMA ISLANDS Christian JUBERTHIE* and Thomas M. ILIFFE**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    , encouraging karst erosion. There are numerous caves and sinkholes, occasionally reaching depths of 100 m

  18. Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece: EnergyMontana)DistrictTransport Jump to:Strategy |

  19. Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArabVisits IraqAdvanceas

  2. Participation in Environmental Organizations: An Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; García-Valiñas, Maria A.

    2006-01-01

    Azerbaijan, Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina),Azerbaijan Serbia Macedonia Croatia Bosnia-Hercegovina Latin

  3. GeoArabia, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2008 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    regime took place in the Late Eocene-Miocene but gradually shifted to become N-S to NE-SW. This shift

  4. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By SarahMODELING Release date:MeetMeet

  5. The Impact of Climate Change on The Bahamas a Review of Early Forecasts By Neil Sealey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    . Changes due to Sea Level Rise: Sea level will rise because more polar and glacial ice will melt than warming, it is not simply warming that causes glaciers to melt. All glaciers are melting to some degree at their terminuses, but whether they are advancing or retreating is determined by the balance between melting

  6. Underwater Mirror Exposure to Free-Ranging Naïve Atlantic Spotted Dolphins (Stenella frontalis) in the Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delfour, Fabienne; Herzing, Denise

    2013-01-01

    false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and Californiafalse killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and sea lions (

  7. ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY OF TROPICAL REEF SYSTEMS: ESTABLISHING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN THE EXUMA CAYS, BAHAMAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY OF TROPICAL REEF SYSTEMS: ESTABLISHING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM destination in the wider Carib- bean and entertains two tourism markets: 1) cruise ship and resort (overnight to that which will sustain rather than destroy the environment, the very product marketed and sought. In order

  8. Organic matter preserved in modern ooids from Shark Bay and the Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillespie, Aimée L

    2013-01-01

    Ooids - small, concentrically laminated carbonate grains - are an important component of the sedimentary rock record, yet many details of their formation are not well understood. In particular, the role of microorganisms ...

  9. Tourism-related drivers of support for protection of fisheries resources on Andros Island, The Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    to create a poverty trap by providing a minimum income thereby removing incentive to invest in education or take risks necessary to escape poverty (Delacote, 2009). Protecting fisheries resources can ensure the poverty trap effect caused by overreliance on extraction. Fisheries protection measures (e.g., protected

  10. Novel Bacterial Diversity in an Anchialine Blue Hole on Abaco Island, Bahamas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Brett Christopher

    2012-02-14

    in the interior of the island (Raeisi and Mylroie, 1995). This mixing of water masses has aggressive dissolutional properties and aids in the forming of karstic features such as flank margin caves. Mylroie et al., (2001) proposed and developed the ?Carbonate... towards the geologic development and glacial eustatic events on the island. 10 Anchialine Environment Anchialine habitats are known to exist throughout the world often underground, forming a halocline where freshwater mixes with the intruding...

  11. Mapping bathymetry and depositional facies on Great Bahama PAUL M. (MITCH) HARRIS*, 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purkis, Sam

    of Earth and Life Sciences, Sedimentology and Marine Geology Group, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Associate. Sedimentology © 2014 International Association of Sedimentologists Sedimentology (2014) doi: 10.1111/sed.12159

  12. Stratigraphic Heterogeneity of a Holocene Ooid Tidal Sand Shoal: Lily Bank, Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Andrew

    2011-08-31

    ........................................................................................................................ 5 Regional Trends in Reflectors and Units .................................................................................................. 7 SEDIMENTOLOGY OF THE HOLOCENE SUCCESSION... ...................................................................... 8 Lagoon Sedimentology and Stratigraphy .................................................................................................. 8 Channel (Inter-bar) Sedimentology and Stratigraphy...

  13. Mapping bathymetry and depositional facies on Great Bahama PAUL M. (MITCH) HARRIS*, 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purkis, Sam

    of Earth and Life Sciences, Sedimentology and Marine Geology Group, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Associate. Sedimentology © 2014 International Association of Sedimentologists Sedimentology (2015) 62, 566­589 doi: 10

  14. Constructing Pillars of Islamic Banking: Creating and Sustaining Specialized Financial Centers in Bahrain and the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dicce, Ryan P

    2015-04-27

    The Islamic financial industry has risen out of Muslim discomfort with the practices of conventional finance – interest-based trading, speculation, inequitable transactions, and investment in products that violate the religion – and posits itself...

  15. Seismic interpretation and classification of mud volcanoes of the South Caspian Basin, offshore Azerbaijan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusifov, Mehdi Zahid

    2005-11-01

    development in the South Caspian Basin is generally linked to faults, which in some instances are detached at the basement level. By using interpreted seismic surfaces it is possible to determine relative time of mud flows from the mud volcanoes. Timing of mud...

  16. Faculty of Health Sciences MPH Program Policies and Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    region (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Arab Jamahiriya

  17. A Novel Comprehensive Database for Arabic Off-Line Handwriting Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suen, Ching Y.

    such as Algeria, Bahrain, The Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco

  18. Life in the Living Laboratory: An Anthropological Investigation of Environmental Science, Tourism, and Design in the Contemporary Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Amelia M.

    2010-01-01

    of what he calls positive “ modes of subject formation. ”These interdependent modes are 1) subject formation through

  19. Life in the Living Laboratory: An Anthropological Investigation of Environmental Science, Tourism, and Design in the Contemporary Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Amelia M.

    2010-01-01

    the vulnerability of island systems, the geographicallymake a real impact in island energy systems and brand bothexpense of Eleuthera’s island energy system, and by the fact

  20. Foreign Fishery Developments u.s. Tuna Imports From

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caribbean Caribbean Bahamas! 529.7 Bahamas' $ 175.2 Barbados 680 Barbados $ 222.2 Bermuda' 6.300.7 4

  1. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bolivia, Botswana, Bulgaria,75 th Argentina, Bahamas Barbados, Belize Bolivia, BrazilUnited States Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Botswana,

  2. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Albania, Australia, Barbados*, Bhutan, Burkina Faso*,countries (Bahamas, Barbados, Iran, Panama, and Trinidad andArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  3. Security and United States Immigration Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Totten, Robbie James

    2012-01-01

    from the Bahamas, Barbados, Canada, Jamaica, Mexico, andworkers were imported from Barbados, 18,423 workers werelaborers from the Bahamas, Barbados, Honduras, and Jamaica

  4. Tectonic subsidence and uplift history of UAE foreland basinGeoArabia, vol. 14, no. 2, 2009, p. 17-44 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    17 Tectonic subsidence and uplift history of UAE foreland basinGeoArabia, vol. 14, no. 2, 2009, p extension, and the flexural effects of ophiolite load emplacement. The tectonic subsidence and uplift for the general exponential decrease that is observed in the tectonic subsidence and uplift between 210 Ma and 95

  5. SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arrest officer from Azerbaijan over brutal murder NATO chief hopes Putin will attend bloc's June summit

  6. Kode Dansk English AD Andorra ANDORRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataillon, Thomas

    ISLANDS AZ Aserbajdsjan AZERBAIJAN BA Bosnien-Hercegovina BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BB Barbados BARBADOS BD

  7. Phytologia (April 2008) 90(1) 103 THE EVOLUTION OF CARIBBEAN JUNIPERUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    (endemic to Bermuda); J. barbadensis (endemic to St. Lucia, extinct on Barbados); J. lucayana (Bahamas

  8. Countries with "low incidence" of tuberculosis. Students who have resided in any country other than those listed below in the past 5 years must check yes in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    to have a tuberculin skin test. Albania Andorra Antigua and Barbuda Australia Austria Bahamas Barbados

  9. What Can Open Access Do for Me? Personal Perspectives of KU Faculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Greenberg, Marc L.; Torrance, Andrew W.; Goddard, Stephen

    2010-10-21

    , Belgium, Belarus, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Austria, Australia, Aruba, Argentina, Algeria, Albania … town@ku.edu ..., Belgium, Belarus, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Austria, Australia, Aruba, Argentina, Algeria, Albania … town@ku.edu ...

  10. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Coal Products (t) Exports Imports Angola Argentina Australia II Austria Bahrain Bangladesh Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Burma (Myanmar) Belarus Canada

  11. Statistisches Bundesamt VIB/32134000 und VIB/32135100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    Bahrain, auch Bahrein 460 Bangladesch 322 Barbados 320 Barbuda, Antigua und - 149 Bäreninsel, zu Norwegen

  12. Department of Energy, Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    country (Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, or Singapore); 61 November 2012...

  13. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada,Argentina*, Australia, Barbados, Bhutan, Brazil*, BruneiArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  14. CURRICULUM VITAE EUGENE C. RANKEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .C.RankeyC.V. October20132 2. Sparks, A.G., and Rankey, E.C., 2013, Relations between geomorphic form and sedimentologic a Holocene analogue, Little Bahama Bank, Bahamas: Sedimentology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2012.01338.x 4, Southeast Bahamas: An alternative to the humid channeled belt model: Sedimentology, 59, 1902-1925. 5. Rankey

  15. Deaf people, modernity, and a contentious effort to unify Arab sign languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Fityani, Kinda

    2010-01-01

    countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq,at this workshop are Comoros, Mauritania, Morocco, andeconomically impoverished Comoros, Mauritania, and Somalia.

  16. Section - - SPECIAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE IN MOST GRANTS...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom; (2) A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) country (Australia, Bahrain,...

  17. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    national treatment for trade in natural gas with Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco,...

  18. Normgeber: Finanzministerium Aktenzeichen: VD3 15 43/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    Australien -Canberra 48 158 -Sydney 49 186 -im Ã?brigen 46 133 Bahrain 30 70 Bangladesch 25 75 Barbados 48 179

  19. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  20. DOE's Program Regulating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of...

  1. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  2. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    pentanes plus, petroleum coke, and waxes. d Formerly Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500...

  3. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  4. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Armenia3 LM Chad L Suriname LM Azerbaijan3 LM Comoros L Trinidad and UM Belarus3 LM Congo (Republic) LM

  5. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  6. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Azerbaijan Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Bosnia & Herzegovinaand Barbuda Argentina Barbados Belize Botswana Chile CostaKingdom of Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin

  7. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  8. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  9. Part VII: Section J - List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  10. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Dominica Grenada Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  11. The Fear of French Negroes: Transcolonial Collaboration in the Revolutionary Americas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Sara E.

    2012-01-01

    apprentices in Montserrat and Barbados are free]” (June 9,their enterprises, from Barbados to South Carolina, forVincent, Trinidad, Anti- gua, Barbados, and the Bahamas. 11.

  12. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Panama Mongolia T.F.Y.R. of Macedonia Andorra Bahamas Cubambodia* eria e F.Y.R. of Macedonia ypt man* prus minican

  13. An alkaline spring system within the Del Puerto ophiolite (California USA): A Mars analog site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blank, J.G.

    2009-01-01

    Eluthera Island, Bahamas). Sedimentology 51, 745–765. Eiler,and eukaryotic algae. Sedimentology 45, Friedman, I. , andPliocene, central Spain). Sedimentology 48, 897–915. Geets,

  14. Role of S??hayk??h Muh?ammad K??hiya?ba?ni? and the Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan in the socio-political history of Iran 1910-1920 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabatabai Khatambakhsh, Mohammad-Taghi

    1984-01-01

    and foreign dynasties, we had to study a great deal about the lives of individual Kings; but hardly any space was allocated to the history of social and political movements in Iran. The names of patriots and political thinkers such as K?h?iya?ba?ni? were not...

  15. Decision Making under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Towards an Operational Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan raliev@asoa.edu.az, oleg huseynov@yahoo.com 2 Azerbaijan Association assumption that for each two alterna- tives, a user can always meaningfully decide which of them. Traditional decision theory is based on a simplifying assumption that for each two alternatives, a user can

  16. TOOLS AND METHODS FOR STUDIES IN COASTAL ECOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    TOOLS AND METHODS FOR STUDIES IN COASTAL ECOLOGY OF THE BAHAMAS Version 1.2. April 2006 #12;TOOLS Sealey, K, K. Semon, N. Cushion, E.Wright, C. Kaplan, and B. Carpenter. 2006. Tools and Methods for Coastal Ecological Studies of The Bahamas. University of Miami, Coral Gables, Fl. 33124. 111 pp. #12;TOOLS

  17. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY, 25(1): 8194, 2005 NEW SPECIES OF THE GENUS TYPHLATYA (DECAPODA: ATYIDAE) FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    : ATYIDAE) FROM ANCHIALINE CAVES IN MEXICO, THE BAHAMAS, AND HONDURAS Fernando Alvarez, Thomas M. Iliffe Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Apartado Postal 70-153, Me´xico 04510 D.F., Me´xico (FA, correspondence caves in Mexico (T. dzilamensis), the Bahamas (T. kakuki), and Honduras (T. utilaensis) are described

  18. Myodocopid Ostracoda (Halocypridina, Cladocopina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    in the Bahamas, Canary Islands, and Mexico Louis S. Kornicker and Thomas M. Iliffe SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION PRESS (Halocypridina, Cladocopina)fromAnchialine Caves in the Bahamas, Canary Islands, and Mexico. Smithsonian, 1995, from a lava tube in Lanzarote, Canary Islands. One specimen of the cladocopid Polycopiellafromthe

  19. Jara S. D. Schnyder1 Gregor P. Eberli1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    ,Talence Cedex fig. 6 landslide duration fig. 7 terminal velocity slope failures potential for tsunami generation by submarine slope failures along the western Great Bahama Bank jschnyder@rsmas.miami.edu fig. 1 The western slope of Great Bahama Bank shows slope failures at various scales (fig. 1).Three land- slides were

  20. The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes, Rayya

    2013-03-22

    . The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

  1. Tobacco industry issues management organizations: Creating a global corporate network to undermine public health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, PA; Intinarelli, G; Malone, RE

    2008-01-01

    tid/ pdx81a99]. 199. Bacon D, Tobacco BA: TobaccoHoel D, Shook Hardy & Bacon: Bahrain papers. 24 Sep. PhilipCovington MW: Shook, Hardy & Bacon office in Europe. 12 Aug.

  2. NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

    2009-07-31

    ): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

  3. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  4. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01

    Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chad Comoros Congo (dropped) Cote d’violence Azerbaijan Cameroon Comoros Cote d’Ivoire GhanaPeru, Niger, Mali, Yemen, Ghana, Comoros, and Cameroon while

  5. Pandemic Preparedness - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    number of human H5N1 cases have been reported in Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, Djibouti, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam. More than half of the people infected...

  6. Somatic growth functions are critical parameters for understanding the life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    181300 Corpus Christi, Texas 78480 Wendy G. Teas Wayne N. Witzell Southeast Fisheries Science Center growth rates was tested in a population of green turtles, Chelonia mydas, in the south- ern Bahamas

  7. Blue Bonnet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Anchialine blue holes found in the interior of the Bahama Islands have distinct fresh and salt water layers, with vertical mixing, and dysoxic to anoxic conditions below the halocline. Scientific cave diving exploration and microbiological...

  8. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Barbuda, the Bahamas, the Comoros, Cook Islands, Ecuador,African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d’Ivoire DemocraticAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic

  9. Allan w. Stoner Kirsten C. Schwarte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :171-179 (1994) Queen conch (Strombus gigas), once abundant throughout the Car- ibbean region, have been fished). To the west and south of the Cays lies the Great Bahama Bank, a shallow, sand- and seagrass-covered platform

  10. ELSEVIER Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 150 (1999) 223246 Marine saline ponds as sedimentary archives of late Holocene climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    1999-01-01

    ELSEVIER Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 150 (1999) 223­246 Marine saline ponds sedimentation is preserved in shallow ponds on Lee Stocking Island, Exuma Cays, Bahamas. Details throughout the remaining history of saline pond development. Foraminiferal isotope stratigraphy is compatible

  11. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Argentina, Australia, Barbados, Bhutan, Brazil, BruneiII From 15% to 19.9% Barbados Less than 15% Belize BoliviaArgentina Bahamas** Barbados WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL

  12. Evaluating the national HIV counseling and testing (CT) program of St. Lucia: a study to determine coverage, utilization, successes, and gaps in service delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asrat, Anjabebu S.

    2010-01-01

    quot;“""°5 ‘ -M ~ Barbados 0 200 Kilometers ‘ .Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada,Tobago 2.6% Guyana 2.4% Barbados 1.5% Jamaica 1.5% Dominican

  13. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  14. Novel Application of Metering Pump on Diesel Aftertreatment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guyan a The Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic Panama Costa Rica Nicaragu a Honduras Guatemala El Salv ador T rinidad and Tobag o Jam. Haiti Puerto Rico (US) Greenland (Den.)...

  15. K. Sullivan Sealey 10/3/2006 What I did on my summer vacation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    and submersible hangars, fully equipped machine shop, fume hoods, uninterruptable power supply, air conditioning more lab space that the entire College of The Bahamas, and likely more computing capacity! The power

  16. Toxicity Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naspinski, Christine S.

    2010-01-16

    . The collection of dust samples was coordinated by Dr. Leslie Cizmas, Dr. Ziad Naufal and Rebecca Lingenfelter in Texas, China, and Azerbaijan, respectively. Soil and mouse samples were collected from Azerbaijan by Dr. John Bickham and Dr. Cole Matson. Dust... Phillips, Dr. Ziad Naufal, Molly Richardson, Shirley Wang, Dr. Xinsheng Gu, Sui Ke, Dr. Liu Duan, Ying vi Xie, Dr. Cole Matson, Dr. Petros Dimitriou-Christidis, Dr. Erica Bruce, Dr. Henry Huebner, and Dr. Evans Afriyie-Gyawu. Finally, I would like...

  17. chariots of fire Tom McNab recalls the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    communities? malcolm baird As I remember it Strathclyde A u T u M N 2 0 0 7 Improving world health Why. And that's no idle boast. Triple accreditation puts us in the top 1% of the world's schools. It IS ALSO AT BAHRAIN DUBAI ABU DHABI HONG KONG GREECE MALAYSIA OMAN SHANGHAI SINGAPORE ZURICH THE ELITE 1

  18. When Governments Hack Opponents: A Look at Actors and Technology William R. Marczak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxson, Vern

    When Governments Hack Opponents: A Look at Actors and Technology William R. Marczak UC Berkeley Gamma's FinSpy and Hacking Team's Remote Control Sys- tem (RCS). We describe their use in Bahrain of these campaigns via strong circumstantial evidence linking hacking to arrests, interrogations, and imprisonment. 1

  19. Design wiki: a system for design sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design wiki: a system for design sharing Wael A. Abdelhameed, Yoshihiro Kobayashi #12;Wael of Bahrain. His research areas are 3D Modeling Systems, Computing Architecture, Virtual Reality, Design Process, Visual Design Thinking and Digital and Manual Media Interaction. Yoshihiro Kobayashi is a Faculty

  20. recently read an important study that left me in awe of the knowledge demo-graphics of our planet. In Educating All Children: A Global Agenda, Joel Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    of societies. Indeed, Egypt is a living testimony to the link between the power of knowledge and the impact obvious. The children of Facebook have ignited an intifada to plant democracy in Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain) who lived ca. 965­1040 in Iraq and Egypt. He developed concepts in optics, later used by Descartes

  1. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /31 $124 BAHRAIN SOUTHWEST ASIA ADMIN SPT UNIT 01/01 12/31 $124 BANGLADESH CHITTAGONG 01/01 12/31 $71 BANGLADESH DHAKA 01/01 12/31 $90 BANGLADESH SYLHET 01/01 12/31 $69 BANGLADESH [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $71

  2. **The total number of academic personnel is 18,122. Appointments excluded from the above data include clinical faculty (5,911), affiliate faculty (2,737), and other faculty and academic personnel (4,898). UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    ICELAND 2 INDONESIA 2 LIBYA 2 NEPAL 2 SINGAPORE 2 TANZANIA 1 ALGERIA 1 ARMENIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BRUNEI 1 179 224 8 63 6 26 0 255 7 38 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BY RANK AND TRACK AS OF 10/31/2014 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BYYEAR ­ PROFESSORIAL FACULTY Year Total Male Female American Indian Asian Black Hispanic Pacific

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    OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

  4. Biostromal Coral Facies -A Miocene Example from the Leitha Limestone (Austria) and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahamas (Andros,Exu- ma Cays)and theArabian Gulf(Dubai, UAE).Accordingto the model presented of benthic biota in the Arabian Gulf (JebelAli, Dubai, UAE)wasusedto illustrate the likely lateral, 1991;Piller et al.,1996).The coralsgrewona shoal or closeto a string of islands, in a relatively low

  5. Commercializing/Financing OTEC Dr. Ted Johnson, Executive Director and VP of OTEC/SDC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finance Architecture 6 (Baha Mar SDC Project & Bahamas Electricity Corporation OTEC power plants) Top (equivalent to ~42,000 tons CO2) per year, reducing electricity consumption by over 80% · Energy Services, LLC (NJ, USA) is a proven leader in the development of Central Energy Cooling, Combined Heat and Power

  6. ANCHIALINE ECOSYSTEMS Microbial hotspots in anchialine blue holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macalady, Jenn

    ANCHIALINE ECOSYSTEMS Microbial hotspots in anchialine blue holes: initial discoveries from+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Inland blue holes of the Bahamas are anchialine ecosystems with distinct fresh and geomicrobiology exploration of blue holes are providing a first glimpse of the geochemistry and microbial life

  7. Animal vocal sequences: not the Markov chains we thought they were

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kershenbaum, Arik; Bowles, Ann E.; Freeberg, Todd M.; Jin, Dezhe Z.; Lameira, Adriano R.; Bohn, Kirsten

    2014-08-20

    ://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/prsb Submitted to Proceedings of the Royal Society B: For Review Only Pilot whale permits: US NMFS 1121-1900, 981-1578, Bahamas 01/09, 02/07, 02/08; 425 funding: SERDP, ONR, NOAA, US Navy Environmental Readiness Division; call 426 classification: Laela Sayigh...

  8. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Turks & Caicos (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This profile presents a snapshot of the electricity generation and reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to Turks and Caicos - a British overseas territory consisting of two groups of islands located southeast of the Bahamas. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  9. Insights on Psittacine Nutrition through the Study of Free-living Chicks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornejo, Juan

    2012-07-16

    sampled the crops from free-living chicks of scarlet macaws and red-and-green macaws from southeastern Peru, Cuban parrots from the Bahamas, lilac-crowned parrots from northwestern Mexico, and thick-billed parrots from northern Mexico. The predicted...

  10. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 101 PRELIMINARY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institutions, Inc., under contract with the National Science Foundation. Funding for the program is provided by the following agencies: Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada) Deutsche ForschungsgemeinschaftOCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 101 PRELIMINARY REPORT BAHAMAS James A. Austin, Jr. Co-Chief Scientist

  11. BIOLOGY OF UNDERWATER CAVES by Tom IlifJe, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    , Canary Islands and Western Australia. 63 #12;· Thermosbaenaceans - small (4 mm or less), eyeless or eye and volcanic caves, mostly on islands, around the Caribbean, Med- iterranean and Indo-Pacific. Seven of the ten marine, oxygen-deficient waters in caves in the Bahamas, Caicos Islands, Cuba, Yucatan Pen- insula

  12. Sustainable Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    . Policies (1/3) Create transportation systems compatible with native habitats and species and help restore-fossil light duty vehicles #12;#12;Hawaii's Many Challenges Most dependent on oil among 50 states... Big Island level #12;Island Population 1 Azores-San miguel 140,000 2 Bahamas-N.Providence 307,000 3 Big Island 148

  13. Characterization of tropical near-shore fish communities by coastal habitat status on spatially complex island systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    complex island systems Vanessa L. Nero & Kathleen Sullivan Sealey Coastal Ecology Project, Department communities for Andros Island, Bahamas, a complex coastal-reef island system. Benthic assessments and beach available to fishes on island bank systems. Since habitat mapping is often incorpo- rated into marine

  14. 1) Comparative Sedimentology Laboratory, Miami, FL, United States; 2) Center for Applied Coastal Research, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United States;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    , Bordeaux, Talence cedex, France Potential for tsunami generation by submarine slope failures along the western Great Bahama Bank Introduction Multibeam and seismic data reveal repeated slope failures scars indicate slope instabilities that will lead to large-scale slope failures in the near future

  15. 04/17/2007 10:06 PMDHL: Track details Page 1 of 2http://track.dhl-usa.com/TrackRslts.asp?nav=TrackRslt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    Date and Time Status Location 4/17/2007 10:17 am Shipment delivered. Baghdad, Iraq Why is this? 8:36 am With delivery courier. Baghdad, Iraq 4/16/2007 5:23 pm Arrived at DHL facility. Baghdad, Iraq 5:21 pm Arrived at DHL facility. Baghdad, Iraq 11:39 am Depart Facility. Manama, Bahrain 4/15/2007 9:36 am Arrived at DHL

  16. Progress through Dispute: The Caspian Oil Power Struggle and Its Effects on Central Asian Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristin Perry, Natalie

    2014-08-25

    oil. He also speculates that the opening of this Central Asian pipeline could lead to continued cooperation on the Nabucco Pipeline, which gives direct mobility from the Caspian to Europe More recently, the Nabucco Pipeline has since transformed... into the Nabucco- West Pipeline, along with a new route for Central Asian resources to Europe that compliment the Nabucco-West pipeline. It is labeled the Trans-Andalou Pipeline (TANAP) and involves countries such as Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia...

  17. Subsea BOP stack built for Caspian drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-16

    This paper reports that Shaffer Inc. completed construction of a multi-million dollar subsea drilling system for Caspmorneftegas, an operating company in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The subsea stack will be installed on the semisubmersible drilling rig Shelf 7 currently under construction in Astrakan in the Soviet Union. Shelf 7 will drill wells in the Caspian Sea, one of the most prolific production areas in the Soviet Union.

  18. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  19. Growth, Development and Natural Resources: New Evidence Using a Heterogeneous Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavalcanti, T. V. V.; Mohaddes, K.; Raissi, M.

    which are not endowed with oil, natural gas, minerals and other non-renewable resources. Therefore, resource abun- dance is believed to be an important determinant of economic failure, which implies that oil abundance is a curse and not a blessing... that the results are not driven by a few outliers in the sub-samples, we look at country-speci?c estimations for the OPEC and EX countries. Overall the coe¢ cients 15Bahrain, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Egypt, France, India, Iran, Italy, Japan...

  20. Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21

    in strata of the same age in Kuwait and Bahrain by Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq (1979) and Al-Abdul-Razzaq and Grosdi- dier (1981), and in Iran by Grosdidier (1973). This supports the suggestion of Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq and Grosdidier (1981) that these ostracodes... five members are named after formations in southeastern Kuwait. The lowest two members are named after areas in Saudi Arabia where they have greatest economic significance. These two lowest members can also be traced northward, where together...

  1. Global warming and the regions in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvi, S.H.; Elagib, N.

    1996-12-31

    The announcement of NASA scientist James Hansen made at a United States Senate`s hearing in June 1988 about the onset of global warming ignited a whirlwind of public concern in United States and elsewhere in the world. Although the temperature had shown only a slight shift, its warming has the potential of causing environmental catastrophe. According to atmosphere scientists, the effect of higher temperatures will change rainfall patterns--some areas getting drier, some much wetter. The phenomenon of warming in the Arabian Gulf region was first reported by Alvi for Bahrain and then for Oman. In the recent investigations, the authors have found a similar warming in other regions of the Arabian Gulf and in several regions of Sudan in Africa. The paper will investigate the observed data on temperature and rainfall of Seeb in Oman, Bahrain, International Airport in Kuwait as index stations for the Arabian Gulf and Port Sudan, Khartoum and Malakal in the African Continent of Sudan. Based on various statistical methods, the study will highlight a drying of the regions from the striking increase in temperature and decline of rainfall amount. Places of such environmental behavior are regarded as desertifying regions. Following Hulme and Kelly, desertification is taken to mean land degradation in dryland regions, or the permanent decline in the potential of the land to support biological activity, and hence human welfare. The paper will also, therefore, include the aspect of desertification for the regions under consideration.

  2. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  3. Azle, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump|LineMaine:Ayuda:Navegacion JumpAzerbaijan:Azle,

  4. Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

  5. Oil, Water, and Wildlife: The Gulf of Mexico Disaster and Related Environmental Issues

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bickman, John W. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States

    2010-09-01

    The BP Macondo oil field spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has the potential to impact sea turtle and marine mammal populations, and others. This presentation will review the genotoxic effects of oil exposure in wildlife and discuss the potential for an oil spill to impact wildlife populations. Whereas some aspects of a spill are predictable, each spill is different because oils are highly variable, as are the environments in which they occur. The presentation will discuss what has been learned from previous spills, including the Exxon Valdez and the soviet oil legacy in Azerbaijan, and the potential dangers of offshore oil development in the Arctic. Related Purdue University research efforts in oil-spill related engineering and science also will be highlighted.

  6. Caspian pipeline combine awards construction contract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-02

    This paper reports that the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) has let contract to Overseas Bechtel Inc. for a 500 mile crude oil export pipeline in Russia. Bechtel will provide engineering, procurement, financing, and construction services and serve as project manager for the 42 inc. line that will extend west from Grozny, near the Caspian Sea, to Novorossiisk, on the Black Sea. Estimated cost is more than $850 million. At Grozny, the new line will tie into 800 miles of existing pipeline that runs along the north shore of the Caspian Sea from supergiant Tengiz field in Kazakhstan. Together, the two segments will form a 1,300 mile system capable of shipping crude oil from the Tengiz region and from Baku, Azerbaijan, to a new terminal and port facilities at Novorossiisk for shipment to world markets, ultimately reaching open oceans via the Mediterranean Sea.

  7. Oil, Water, and Wildlife: The Gulf of Mexico Disaster and Related Environmental Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickman, John W.

    2010-08-04

    The BP Macondo oil field spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has the potential to impact sea turtle and marine mammal populations, and others. This presentation will review the genotoxic effects of oil exposure in wildlife and discuss the potential for an oil spill to impact wildlife populations. Whereas some aspects of a spill are predictable, each spill is different because oils are highly variable, as are the environments in which they occur. The presentation will discuss what has been learned from previous spills, including the Exxon Valdez and the soviet oil legacy in Azerbaijan, and the potential dangers of offshore oil development in the Arctic. Related Purdue University research efforts in oil-spill related engineering and science also will be highlighted.

  8. Gulf Cooperation Council: Arabia's model of integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etaibi, G.T.

    1984-01-01

    This study is an analysis of the foundations and emergence in 1981 of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which consists of six traditional Arab Gulf states (the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait). It finds the GCC to be a unique case among twentieth-century integrative schemes. The study also identifies and analyzes relevant local, regional, and international forces. Among the local forces are traditional religio-political systems, economic dependence on a depletable resource, and the presence of a large number of foreign residents. On the regional level, this study takes into consideration such issues as the Arab League, Arab Nationalism, and the Islamic revolutionary movement in Iran. On the international level, the influence of the superpowers and the major industrialized nations on the emergence and future of the GCC Community are analyzed. Throughout the past decade there has been a growing scholarly interest in the Gulf region. In preparation for this study, the author relied heavily on the literature generated by this new research, as well as on documents and official publications, mostly in Arabic. A survey was conducted among a limited number of GCC graduate students during the summer of 1983. In addition, interviews with selected members of the GCC Secretariat-General and various member-state officials were conducted during a research trip in the region in the spring of 1984.

  9. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  10. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  11. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  12. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  13. Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

  14. Turnabout. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roggero, F.F.

    1993-04-19

    The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

  15. Bacterially induced precipitation of CaCO{sub 3}: An example from studies of cyanobacterial mats. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chafetz, H.S.

    1990-04-30

    Bacteria induce the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the laboratory and in nature by altering their chemical environment. Geologists are recognizing the possibility that bacterially induced precipitates may form significant mineral deposits, unfortunately, there are currently no sound criteria by which they can be recognized in recent sediments, or in the rock record. Cultures of aerobic and facultative bacteria from cyanobacterial mats on Andros Island, Bahamas, and Baffin Bay, Texas, induced the precipitation of calcium carbonate under controlled conditions. Crusts, the largest features formed, are composed of 5--200{mu}m diameter bundles which are, in turn, composed of numerous individual crystals. The smallest observed features are 0.1--0.4{mu}m spheres and rods which comprise some individual crystals and crystal bundles. Crystal bundles resembling rhombohedra, tetragonal disphenoids, tetragonal dipyramids, and calcite dumbbells appear to be uniquely bacterial in origin, and they have all been observed in recent sediments. Swollen rods, discs, curved dumbbells, and 50--200{mu}m optically continuous crystals resembling brushes may be uniquely bacterial in origin, however, they have not been reported by other laboratories nor observed in natural settings. Presence of any of these forms in recent sediments should be taken as strong evidence for bacterial influence. Spheres and aragonite dumbbells have also been observed in natural environments, however, they are not always bacterial in origin. Precipitation of calcium carbonate occurs preferentially on dead cyanobacteria in the presence of bacteria. Lithification of algal mats to form stromatolites may take place in the zone of decaying organic matter due to bacterial activity.

  16. Bacterially induced precipitation of CaCO sub 3 : An example from studies of cyanobacterial mats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chafetz, H.S.

    1990-04-30

    Bacteria induce the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the laboratory and in nature by altering their chemical environment. Geologists are recognizing the possibility that bacterially induced precipitates may form significant mineral deposits, unfortunately, there are currently no sound criteria by which they can be recognized in recent sediments, or in the rock record. Cultures of aerobic and facultative bacteria from cyanobacterial mats on Andros Island, Bahamas, and Baffin Bay, Texas, induced the precipitation of calcium carbonate under controlled conditions. Crusts, the largest features formed, are composed of 5--200{mu}m diameter bundles which are, in turn, composed of numerous individual crystals. The smallest observed features are 0.1--0.4{mu}m spheres and rods which comprise some individual crystals and crystal bundles. Crystal bundles resembling rhombohedra, tetragonal disphenoids, tetragonal dipyramids, and calcite dumbbells appear to be uniquely bacterial in origin, and they have all been observed in recent sediments. Swollen rods, discs, curved dumbbells, and 50--200{mu}m optically continuous crystals resembling brushes may be uniquely bacterial in origin, however, they have not been reported by other laboratories nor observed in natural settings. Presence of any of these forms in recent sediments should be taken as strong evidence for bacterial influence. Spheres and aragonite dumbbells have also been observed in natural environments, however, they are not always bacterial in origin. Precipitation of calcium carbonate occurs preferentially on dead cyanobacteria in the presence of bacteria. Lithification of algal mats to form stromatolites may take place in the zone of decaying organic matter due to bacterial activity.

  17. DE-EE0000319 Final Technical Report [National Open-ocean Energy Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skemp, Susan

    2013-12-29

    Under the authorization provided by Section 634 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), in 2009 FAU was awarded U.S. Congressionally Directed Program (CDP) funding through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to investigate and develop technologies to harness the energy of the Florida Current as a source of clean, renewable, base-load power for Florida and the U.S. A second CDP award in 2010 provided additional funding in order to enhance and extend FAU’s activities. These two CDPs in 2009 and 2010 were combined into a single DOE grant, DE-EE0000319, and are the subject of this report. Subsequently, in July 2010 funding was made available under a separate contract, DE-EE0004200. Under that funding, DOE’s Wind and Water Power Program designated FAU’s state of Florida marine renewable energy (MRE) center as the Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC). This report discusses SNMREC activities funded by the DE-EE0000319 grant, but will make reference, as appropriate, to activities that require further investigation under the follow-on grant. The concept of extracting energy from the motions of the oceans has a long history. However, implementation on large scales of the technologies to effect renewable energy recovery from waves, tides, and open-ocean currents is relatively recent. DOE’s establishment of SNMREC recognizes a significant potential for ocean current energy recovery associated with the (relatively) high-speed Florida Current, the reach of the Gulf Stream System flowing through the Straits of Florida, between the Florida Peninsula and the Bahamas Archipelago. The proximity of the very large electrical load center of southeast Florida’s metropolitan area to the resource itself makes this potential all the more attractive. As attractive as this potential energy source is, it is not without its challenges. Although the technology is conceptually simple, its design and implementation in a commercially-viable fashion presents a variety of challenges. Beyond the technology itself (and, especially, the effects on the technology of the harsh oceanic environment), it is important to consider the possible environmental impacts of commercial-scale implementation of oceanic energy extraction. Further, because such implementation represents a completely new undertaking, the human resources required do not exist, so education and training programs are critical to eventual success. This project, establishing a national open-ocean energy laboratory, was designed to address each of these three challenges in a flexible framework allowing for adaptive management as the project proceeded. In particular: ? the technology challenge, including resource assessment, evolved during the project to recognize and address the need for a national testing facility in the ocean for small-scale prototype MRE systems developed by industry; ? the environmental challenge became formalized and expanded during the permitting process for such a testing facility; and ? the human resources/societal challenges, both in terms of the need for education and training and in terms of public acceptance of MRE, stimulated a robust outreach program far beyond that originally envisioned at SNMREC. While all of these activities at SNMREC are ongoing, a number of significant milestones (in addition to the contributions listed in the appendices) were achieved under the auspices of this award. These include: ? Planning and site selection for the first-phase test facility, offshore of Dania Beach, FL, including some equipment for the facility, submission of an Interim Policy Lease Application to the U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), and completion of an Environmental Assessment by BOEM and a positive Consistency Determination by the State of Florida; ? Measurements using acoustic profilers of the current structure and variability in the vicinity of the site under a variety of weather conditions, seasons and time durations; ? Design and implementation of instrument

  18. Geoscience Perspectives in Carbon Sequestration - Educational Training and Research Through Classroom, Field, and Laboratory Investigations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wronkiewicz, David; Paul, Varum; Abousif, Alsedik; Ryback, Kyle

    2013-09-30

    The most effective mechanism to limit CO{sub 2} release from underground Geologic Carbon Sequestration (GCS) sites over multi-century time scales will be to convert the CO{sub 2} into solid carbonate minerals. This report describes the results from four independent research investigations on carbonate mineralization: 1) Colloidal calcite particles forming in Maramec Spring, Missouri, provide a natural analog to evaluate reactions that may occur in a leaking GCS site. The calcite crystals form as a result of physiochemical changes that occur as the spring water rises from a depth of more than 190'?. The resultant pressure decrease induces a loss of CO{sub 2} from the water, rise in pH, lowering of the solubility of Ca{sup 2+} and CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}, and calcite precipitation. Equilibrium modelling of the spring water resulted in a calculated undersaturated state with respect to calcite. The discontinuity between the observed occurrence of calcite and the model result predicting undersaturated conditions can be explained if bicarbonate ions (HCO{sub 3}{sup -}) are directly involved in precipitation process rather than just carbonate ions (CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}). 2) Sedimentary rocks in the Oronto Group of the Midcontinent Rift (MCR) system contain an abundance of labile Ca-, Mg-, and Fe-silicate minerals that will neutralize carbonic acid and provide alkaline earth ions for carbonate mineralization. One of the challenges in using MCR rocks for GCS results from their low porosity and permeability. Oronto Group samples were reacted with both CO{sub 2}-saturated deionized water at 90°C, and a mildly acidic leachant solution in flow-through core-flooding reactor vessels at room temperature. Resulting leachate solutions often exceeded the saturation limit for calcite. Carbonate crystals were also detected in as little as six days of reaction with Oronto Group rocks at 90oC, as well as experiments with forsterite-olivine and augite, both being common minerals this sequence. The Oronto Group samples have poor reservoir rock characteristics, none ever exceeded a permeability value of 2.0 mD even after extensive dissolution of calcite cement during the experiments. The overlying Bayfield Group – Jacobsville Formation sandstones averaged 13.4 ± 4.3% porosity and a single sample tested by core-flooding revealed a permeability of ~340 mD. The high porosity-permeability characteristics of these sandstones will allow them to be used for GCS as a continuous aquifer unit with the overlying Mt. Simon Formation. 3) Anaerobic sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) can enhance the conversion rate of CO{sub 2} into solid minerals and thereby improve long-term storage. SRB accelerated carbonate mineralization reactions between pCO{sub 2} values of 0.0059 and 14.7 psi. Hydrogen, lactate and formate served as suitable electron donors for SRB metabolism. The use of a {sup 13}CO{sub 2} spiked gas source also produced carbonate minerals with ~53% of the carbon being derived from the gas phase. The sulfate reducing activity of the microbial community was limited, however, at 20 psi pCO{sub 2} and carbonate mineralization did not occur. Inhibition of bacterial metabolism may have resulted from the acidic conditions or CO{sub 2} toxicity. 4) Microbialite communities forming in the high turbidity and hypersaline water of Storrs’ Lake, San Salvador Island, The Bahamas, were investigated for their distribution, mineralogy and microbial diversity. Molecular analysis of the organic mats on the microbialites indicate only a trace amount of cyanobacteria, while anaerobic and photosynthetic non-sulfur bacteria of the phyla Chloroflexi and purple sulfur bacteria of class Gammaproteobacteria were abundant.

  19. INCREASED OIL PRODUCTION AND RESERVES UTILIZING SECONDARY/TERTIARY RECOVERY TECHNIQUES ON SMALL RESERVOIRS IN THE PARADOX BASIN, UTAH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas C. Chidsey, Jr.

    2002-11-01

    The Paradox Basin of Utah, Colorado, and Arizona contains nearly 100 small oil fields producing from shallow-shelf carbonate buildups or mounds within the Desert Creek zone of the Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) Paradox Formation. These fields typically have one to four wells with primary production ranging from 700,000 to 2,000,000 barrels (111,300-318,000 m{sup 3}) of oil per field at a 15 to 20 percent recovery rate. Five fields in southeastern Utah were evaluated for waterflood or carbon-dioxide (CO{sub 2})-miscible flood projects based upon geological characterization and reservoir modeling. Geological characterization on a local scale focused on reservoir heterogeneity, quality, and lateral continuity as well as possible compartmentalization within each of the five project fields. The Desert Creek zone includes three generalized facies belts: (1) open-marine, (2) shallow-shelf and shelf-margin, and (3) intra-shelf, salinity-restricted facies. These deposits have modern analogs near the coasts of the Bahamas, Florida, and Australia, respectively, and outcrop analogs along the San Juan River of southeastern Utah. The analogs display reservoir heterogeneity, flow barriers and baffles, and lithofacies geometry observed in the fields; thus, these properties were incorporated in the reservoir simulation models. Productive carbonate buildups consist of three types: (1) phylloid algal, (2) coralline algal, and (3) bryozoan. Phylloid-algal buildups have a mound-core interval and a supra-mound interval. Hydrocarbons are stratigraphically trapped in porous and permeable lithotypes within the mound-core intervals of the lower part of the buildups and the more heterogeneous supramound intervals. To adequately represent the observed spatial heterogeneities in reservoir properties, the phylloid-algal bafflestones of the mound-core interval and the dolomites of the overlying supra-mound interval were subdivided into ten architecturally distinct lithotypes, each of which exhibits a characteristic set of reservoir properties obtained from outcrop analogs, cores, and geophysical logs. The Anasazi and Runway fields were selected for geostatistical modeling and reservoir compositional simulations. Models and simulations incorporated variations in carbonate lithotypes, porosity, and permeability to accurately predict reservoir responses. History matches tied previous production and reservoir pressure histories so that future reservoir performances could be confidently predicted. The simulation studies showed that despite most of the production being from the mound-core intervals, there were no corresponding decreases in the oil in place in these intervals. This behavior indicates gravity drainage of oil from the supra-mound intervals into the lower mound-core intervals from which the producing wells' major share of production arises. The key to increasing ultimate recovery from these fields (and similar fields in the basin) is to design either waterflood or CO{sub 2}-miscible flood projects capable of forcing oil from high-storage-capacity but low-recovery supra-mound units into the high-recovery mound-core units. Simulation of Anasazi field shows that a CO{sub 2} flood is technically superior to a waterflood and economically feasible. For Anasazi field, an optimized CO{sub 2} flood is predicted to recover a total 4.21 million barrels (0.67 million m3) of oil representing in excess of 89 percent of the original oil in place. For Runway field, the best CO{sub 2} flood is predicted to recover a total of 2.4 million barrels (0.38 million m3) of oil representing 71 percent of the original oil in place. If the CO{sub 2} flood performed as predicted, it is a financially robust process for increasing the reserves in the many small fields in the Paradox Basin. The results can be applied to other fields in the Rocky Mountain region, the Michigan and Illinois Basins, and the Midcontinent.