Sample records for axis source short-term

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

  2. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day Forecast -0.9 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2013 -1...

  3. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Chart Gallery for April 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Jan 2014...

  4. Short-term energy outlook. Volume 2. Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume updates models and forecasting methodologies used and presents information on new developments since November 1981. Chapter discusses the changes in forecasting methodology for motor gasoline demand, electricity sales, coking coal, and other petroleum products. Coefficient estimates, summary statistics, and data sources for many of the short-term energy models are provided. Chapter 3 evaluates previous short-term forecasts for the macroeconomic variables, total energy, petroleum supply and demand, coal consumption, natural gas, and electricity fuel shares. Chapter 4 reviews the relationship of total US energy consumption to economic activity between 1960 and 1981.

  5. Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook- May 2003

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1 Short-Term

  7. Short-term energy outlook, January 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from January 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the fourth quarter 1998, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the January 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  8. Short-term energy outlook, July 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares The Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly for distribution on the internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. In addition, printed versions of the report are available to subscribers in January, April, July and October. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from July 1998 through December 1999. Values for second quarter of 1998 data, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the July 1998 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  9. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. Third quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the 1997 third quarter short term energy projections. Information is presented for fossil fuels and renewable energy.

  10. Semester, Academic Year and Short Term SUNY Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Semester, Academic Year and Short Term SUNY Programs: Asia #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use Year 10 Japan Short-term 12 Korea Semester & Academic Year 13 Korea Short-term 17 Programs in Other Contact Information 23 How to Use this Booklet This handout contains listings of all the programs offered

  11. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. First quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short- term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets.

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Introduction to the Special Issues: Short-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olufsen, Mette Sofie

    in short-term cardiovascular­respiratory regulation, (ii) to develop mathematical models that can improve involved in short-term cardio- vascular­respiratory control include auto-regulation of vasculature, controlORIGINAL PAPER Introduction to the Special Issues: Short-term Cardiovascular­Respiratory Control

  13. Short-term energy outlook, April 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from April 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the first quarter 1999, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the April 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated forecasting system (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 25 figs., 19 tabs.

  14. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The feature article for this issue is Demand, Supply and Price Outlook for Reformulated Gasoline, 1995.

  15. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: Italy Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 A Brief Overview 2 Semester and Academic Year Programs 3 Short Term Programs 8 Contact of programs offered in Italy by SUNY campuses. These listings provide a summary about the basic

  16. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: France Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 A Brief Overview 2 Semester and Academic Year Programs 3 Short Term Programs 6 SUNY Programs in Canada and other Francophone Locations 9 Recommended non-SUNY Program 11 Contact Information for all SUNY

  17. Short-term energy outlook, annual supplement 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (Supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

  18. Short-term energy outlook annual supplement, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

  19. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Ozone and Short-term Mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Ozone and Short-term Mortality in 95 US Urban Communities, 1987-2000 MichelleD E XPOSURE TO TROPOSPHERIC OZONE is widespread in the United States,1,2 occurring also outside southernCalifornia,whereozone formation was first recognized.3 Short- term exposure to ozone has been

  20. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the second quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates.

  1. Short-term CO? abatement in the European power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delarue, Erik D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on the possibilities for short term abatement in response to a CO2 price through fuel switching in the European power sector. The model E-Simulate is used to simulate the electricity generation in Europe ...

  2. A model for short term electric load forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tigue, John Robert

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A MODEL FOR SHORT TERM ELECTRIC LOAD FORECASTING A Thesis by JOHN ROBERT TIGUE, III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major... Subject: Electrical Engineering A MODEL FOR SHORT TERM ELECTRIC LOAD FORECASTING A Thesis by JOHN ROBERT TIGUE& III Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head Depart t) (Member) ;(Me r (Member) (Member) May 1975 ABSTRACT...

  3. Fused off-axis object illumination direct-to-digital holography with a plurality of illumination sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Price, Jeffery R.; Bingham, Philip R.

    2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are described for rapid acquisition of fused off-axis illumination direct-to-digital holography. A method of recording a plurality of off-axis object illuminated spatially heterodyne holograms, each of the off-axis object illuminated spatially heterodyne holograms including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis, includes digitally recording, with a first illumination source of an interferometer, a first off-axis object illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; and digitally recording, with a second illumination source of the interferometer, a second off-axis object illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis.

  4. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections. Second quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the first quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the second quarter 1995 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service.

  5. Rapid Re-Housing and Short-Term Rental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Rapid Re-Housing and Short-Term Rental Vouchers for Homeless Families: Summary Report of a Pilot of numerous reports and publications, such as Bridges and Barriers to Housing for Chronically Homeless Street Dwellers; Accessing Housing: Exploring the Impact of Medical and Substance Abuse Services; The First Two

  6. Short term forecasting of solar radiation based on satellite data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Short term forecasting of solar radiation based on satellite data Elke Lorenz, Annette Hammer University, D-26111 Oldenburg Forecasting of solar irradiance will become a major issue in the future integration of solar energy resources into existing energy supply structures. Fluctuations of solar irradiance

  7. Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jeffrey L.

    Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Greater Sage associated with wind energy development on greater sage-grouse populations. We hypothesized that greater sage-grouse nest, brood, and adult survival would decrease with increasing proximity to wind energy infrastructure

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook: Quarterly projections. Fourth quarter 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the fourth quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the third quarter of 1993, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications.

  9. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, second quarter 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections. The forecasts in this issue cover the second quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Changes to macroeconomic measures by the Bureau of Economic Analysis have been incorporated into the STIFS model used.

  10. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections: First quarter 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.). The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the fourth quarter of 1992, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  11. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The principal users of the Outlook are managers and energy analysts in private industry and government. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1992 through the fourth quarter of 1993. Values for the second quarter of 1992, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  12. Short-term energy outlook, Quarterly projections. Third quarter 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the second quarter of 1993, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  13. Word learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Prahlad

    for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. We then review a number of themes that in recent as a useful organizing scheme for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. In 2, we reviewWord learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and long-term memory

  14. ANALYSIS OF SHORT-TERM SOLAR RADIATION DATA Gayathri Vijayakumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    ANALYSIS OF SHORT-TERM SOLAR RADIATION DATA Gayathri Vijayakumar Sanford A. Klein William A beckman@engr.wisc.edu ABSTRACT Solar radiation data are available for many locations on an hourly basis annual performance, although solar radiation can exhibit wide variations during an hour. Variations

  15. Future stand conditions: Short term: Many aspen whips will sprout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Future stand conditions: Short term: Many aspen whips will sprout from the roots of cut trees. Pine, aspen, birch, and basswood. What's Going on Here? Active management is being used to fulfill trees (aspen and birch) Economic goals: Generate revenue to help maintain the forest, trails and other

  16. Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks Stefan Achleitner, Tao Liu an advantage for output power prediction. Solar Energy Prediction System Our prediction model is based variability of more then 100 kW per minute. For practical usage of solar energy, predicting times of high

  17. SHORT-TERM GENERATION ASSET VALUATION: A REAL OPTIONS APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Chung-Li

    using real options to value power plants with unit commitment constraints over a short-term period. We forward-moving Monte Carlo simulation with backward-moving dynamic programming. We assume that the power significantly overvalue a power plant. With deregulation of the electricity industry a global trend, utilities

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -term variability; PV plant ramp rate; daily aggregate ramp rate; inverter shells *Correspondence Rob van HaarenRESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from utility-scale solar PV plants and the output from 390 inverters. We use a simple metric, "daily aggregate ramp rate" to quantify, categorize

  19. ASPECT OBJECTIVE SHORT TERM TARGET by 2015 (unless otherwise stated)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    the remainder. Completion of Waste Management Strategy by the end of 2012. Implementation of the short term actions of the WMS by 2015 and long term actions by 2020. Development of a Waste Management Strategy (WMS costs per student (FTE). Estates and Facilities and Sustainability Committee 3 Energy consumed and used

  20. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: Spain Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use of programs offered in Spain by SUNY campuses. These listings provide a summary about the characteristics by the SUNY campuses in Spain. In addition, there are some excellent programs in Spain outside the SUNY system

  1. analyzing short-term noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    122 Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Short term effects of...

  2. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions forMeasuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions forpilots have shown that air conditioner (AC) electric loads

  3. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, first quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the fourth quarter of 1994, however, are preliminary EIA estimates or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the first quarter 1995 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The cases are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. The EIA model is available on computer tape from the National Technical Information Service.

  4. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, fourth quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for printed publication in January, April, July, and October in the Short-Term Energy Outlook. The details of these projections, as well as monthly updates on or about the 6th of each interim month, are available on the internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the fourth quarter of 1997 through the fourth quarter of 1998. Values for the fourth quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the fourth quarter 1997 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. 19 tabs.

  5. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, second quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in January, April, July, and October in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1997 through the fourth quarter of 1998. Values for the first quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the second quarter 1997 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). 34 figs., 19 tabs.

  6. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, first quarter 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Values for the fourth quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the first quarter 1996 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The cases are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook.

  7. Short-term energy outlook, quarterly projections, second quarter 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections. The details of these projections, as well as monthly updates, are available on the Internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. The paper discusses outlook assumptions; US energy prices; world oil supply and the oil production cutback agreement of March 1998; international oil demand and supply; world oil stocks, capacity, and net trade; US oil demand and supply; US natural gas demand and supply; US coal demand and supply; US electricity demand and supply; US renewable energy demand; and US energy demand and supply sensitivities. 29 figs., 19 tabs.

  8. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - August 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1 Short-Term Energy

  9. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - February 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1 Short-Term

  10. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - January 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1 Short-TermJanuary

  11. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - June 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term

  12. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - May 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term5 1

  13. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - October 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term5 15 1

  14. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - September 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term5 15

  15. Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1 Short-Term3 1

  16. Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model (Released in the STEO March 1998)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The blending of oxygenates, such as fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), into motor gasoline has increased dramatically in the last few years because of the oxygenated and reformulated gasoline programs. Because of the significant role oxygenates now have in petroleum product markets, the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) was revised to include supply and demand balances for fuel ethanol and MTBE. The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts in the Short-Term Energy Outlook. A review of the historical data sources and forecasting methodology for oxygenate production, imports, inventories, and demand is presented in this report.

  17. SHORT-TERM SOLAR FLARE PREDICTION USING MULTIRESOLUTION PREDICTORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Daren; Huang Xin; Hu Qinghua; Zhou Rui [Harbin Institute of Technology, No. 92 West Da-Zhi Street, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province (China); Wang Huaning [National Astronomical Observatories, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing (China); Cui Yanmei, E-mail: huangxinhit@yahoo.com.c [Center for Space Science and Applied Research, No. 1 Nanertiao, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing (China)

    2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiresolution predictors of solar flares are constructed by a wavelet transform and sequential feature extraction method. Three predictors-the maximum horizontal gradient, the length of neutral line, and the number of singular points-are extracted from Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Michelson Doppler Imager longitudinal magnetograms. A maximal overlap discrete wavelet transform is used to decompose the sequence of predictors into four frequency bands. In each band, four sequential features-the maximum, the mean, the standard deviation, and the root mean square-are extracted. The multiresolution predictors in the low-frequency band reflect trends in the evolution of newly emerging fluxes. The multiresolution predictors in the high-frequency band reflect the changing rates in emerging flux regions. The variation of emerging fluxes is decoupled by wavelet transform in different frequency bands. The information amount of these multiresolution predictors is evaluated by the information gain ratio. It is found that the multiresolution predictors in the lowest and highest frequency bands contain the most information. Based on these predictors, a C4.5 decision tree algorithm is used to build the short-term solar flare prediction model. It is found that the performance of the short-term solar flare prediction model based on the multiresolution predictors is greatly improved.

  18. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, third quarter 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in January, April, July, and October in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Values for the second quarter of 1996, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the third quarter 1996 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service.

  19. Short-Term Test Results: Multifamily Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyons, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multifamily deep energy retrofits (DERs) represent great potential for energy savings, while also providing valuable insights on research-generated efficiency measures, cost-effectiveness metrics, and risk factor strategies for the multifamily housing industry. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a base scope retrofit with a goal of achieving 30% savings (relative to pre-retrofit), and a DER scope with a goal of 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit). The base scope has been applied to the entire complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. Findings from the implementation, commissioning, and short-term testing at Bay Ridge include air infiltration reductions of greater than 60% in the DER building; a hybrid heat pump system with a Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) > 1 (relative to a high efficiency furnace) which also provides the resident with added incentive for energy savings; and duct leakage reductions of > 60% using an aerosolized duct sealing approach. Despite being a moderate rehab instead of a gut rehab, the Bay Ridge DER is currently projected to achieve energy savings ? 50% compared to pre-retrofit, and the short-term testing supports this estimate.

  20. Short-term energy outlook, Annual supplement 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This supplement is published once a year as a complement to the Short- Term Energy Outlook, Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts. Chap. 2 analyzes the response of the US petroleum industry to the recent four Federal environmental rules on motor gasoline. Chap. 3 compares the EIA base or mid case energy projections for 1995 and 1996 (as published in the first quarter 1995 Outlook) with recent projections made by four other major forecasting groups. Chap. 4 evaluates the overall accuracy. Chap. 5 presents the methology used in the Short- Term Integrated Forecasting Model for oxygenate supply/demand balances. Chap. 6 reports theoretical and empirical results from a study of non-transportation energy demand by sector. The empirical analysis involves the short-run energy demand in the residential, commercial, industrial, and electrical utility sectors in US.

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Uncertainties in the Short-Term Global Petroleum and Other Liquids Supply Forecast

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the Short-Term

  2. aneurysm repair short-term: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is socially excessive. The empirical analysis shows that the short-term debt to reserves ratio is a robust predictor of -nancial crises, and that greater short-term...

  3. Short-term exploitative competition can explain human foraging patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saavedra, Serguei; Switanek, Nicholas; Uzzi, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory purports that animal foraging choices evolve to maximize returns, such as net energy intake. Empirical research in both human and nonhuman animals reveals that many times foraging choices are context dependent and affected by the foraging choices of others. Yet, broad empirical facts on the link between optimal foraging patterns, competition and context-dependent information are only now emerging due to the complication of gathering field data or constructing experiments. Here, we analyze foraging choices by a cohort of professional day traders who face the trade-off of trading the same stock multiple times in a row---patch exploitation---or switching to a different stock---patch exploration---with potentially higher returns. Our findings indicate that traders' foraging patterns are characterized by short-term comparative returns that decrease in proportion to patch exploitation and exploration, a novel measure that captures the difference between a trader's resource intake and the competitors' expecte...

  4. Short-term planning and forecasting for petroleum. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elkins, R.D.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Defense Fuel Supply Center (DFSC) has, in recent past, been unable to adequately forecast for short-term petroleum requirements. This has resulted in inaccurate replenishment quantities and required short-notice corrections, which interrupted planned resupply methods. The relationship between the annual CINCLANTFLT DFM budget and sales from the the Norfolk Defense Fuel Support Point (DFSP) is developed and the past sales data from the Norfolk DFSP is used to construct seasonality indices. Finally, the budget/sales relationship is combined with the seasonality indices to provide a new forecasting model. The model is then compared with the current one for FY-88 monthly forecasts. The comparison suggests that the new model can provide accurate, timely requirements data and improve resupply of the Norfolk Defense Fuel Support Point.

  5. Short-term energy outlook, quarterly projections, first quarter 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1998 through the fourth quarter of 1999. Values for the fourth quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the first quarter 1998 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 24 figs., 19 tabs.

  6. SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: SHORT-TERM RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

    2002-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to utilities with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species, a precursor to acid aerosol/condensable emissions, and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of SCR for NOX control on some coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project is testing the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium- and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents have been tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two FirstEnergy Bruce Mansfield Plant units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide slurry produced from a wet flue gas desulfurization system waste stream, from a system that employs a Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime scrubbing process. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles into the front wall of upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests. The longer-term tests are being conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. This reports presents the results of the short-term tests; the long-term test results will be reported in a later document. The short-term test results showed that three of the four reagents tested, dolomite powder, commercial magnesium hydroxide slurry, and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry, were able to achieve 90% or greater removal of sulfuric acid compared to baseline levels. The molar ratio of alkali to flue gas sulfuric acid content (under baseline conditions) required to achieve 90% sulfuric acid removal was lowest for the byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry. However, this result may be confounded because this was the only one of the three slurries tested with injection near the top of the furnace across from the pendant superheater platens. Injection at the higher level was demonstrated to be advantageous for this reagent over injection lower in the furnace, where the other slurries were tested.

  7. SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: SHORT-TERM RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

    2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to utilities with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species, a precursor to acid aerosol/condensable emissions, and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of SCR for NO{sub x} control on some coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project is testing the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium- and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents have been tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two First Energy Bruce Mansfield Plant units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide slurry produced from a wet flue gas desulfurization system waste stream, from a system that employs a Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime scrubbing process. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles into the front wall of upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests. The longer-term tests are being conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. This reports presents the results of the short-term tests; the long-term test results will be reported in a later document. The short-term test results showed that three of the four reagents tested, dolomite powder, commercial magnesium hydroxide slurry, and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry, were able to achieve 90% or greater removal of sulfuric acid compared to baseline levels. The molar ratio of alkali to flue gas sulfuric acid content (under baseline conditions) required to achieve 90% sulfuric acid removal was lowest for the byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry. However, this result may be confounded because this was the only one of the three slurries tested with injection near the top of the furnace across from the pendant superheater platens. Injection at the higher level was demonstrated to be advantageous for this reagent over injection lower in the furnace, where the other slurries were tested.

  8. Short term thermal energy storage Institut fr Kernenergetik und Energiesysteme, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, FRG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    477 Short term thermal energy storage A. Abhat Institut für Kernenergetik und Energiesysteme the problem of short term thermal energy storage for low temperature solar heating applications. The techniques of sensible and latent heat storage are discussed, with particular emphasis on the latter

  9. Premium Ventilation Package Testing Short-Term Monitoring Report Task 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Premium Ventilation Package Testing Short-Term Monitoring Report Task 7 Review Draft Submittal. 00038702 RTU AirCarePlus & Premium Ventilation Program COTR - Jack Callahan (503) 230-4496 / jmcallahan Ventilation Package Testing PECI Short-Term Monitoring Report Task 7 REVIEW DRAFT: 9/14/2009 2 Table

  10. ANN-based Short-Term Load Forecasting in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    ANN-based Short-Term Load Forecasting in Electricity Markets Hong Chen Claudio A. Ca~nizares Ajit1 Abstract--This paper proposes an Artificial Neu- ral Network (ANN)-based short-term load forecasting, electricity markets, spot prices, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) I. Introduction Short

  11. Short-Term Generation Asset Valuation Chung-Li Tseng, Graydon Barz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short-Term Generation Asset Valuation Chung-Li Tseng, Graydon Barz Department of Civil Engineering 94305, USA chungli@eng.umd.edu, gbarz@leland.stanford.edu Abstract In this paper we present a method for valuing a power plant over a short-term period using Monte Carlo sim- ulation. The power plant valuation

  12. April 2013 Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5 (Million8103.SourceU.S.and

  13. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)2009 201070,174Natural Gas

  14. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)2009 201070,174Natural

  15. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)2009 201070,174Naturalcontinue

  16. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)2009

  17. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75 per MMBtu

  18. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75 per MMBturange

  19. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75 per

  20. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75 per$3.67 per

  1. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75 per$3.67

  2. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75 per$3.67the

  3. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75

  4. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Now that the

  5. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Now that theIn

  6. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Now that

  7. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Now thatthrough

  8. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Now thatthrough

  9. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Now

  10. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin September

  11. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin

  12. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin8 per

  13. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin8 per4.41

  14. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin8

  15. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin8the rest

  16. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin8the

  17. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and $2.75Nowin8theprices

  18. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 and

  19. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 andEIA projects that

  20. Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996)200971 andEIA projects thatThe

  1. An Exploration of Participant Motives and Motivational Tensions in Short-Term Medical Service Trips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sykes, Kevin James

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-term medical service trips (MSTs) are an increasingly popular, although not new, way for healthcare providers from high-income countries (HICs) to provide healthcare in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In ...

  2. SHORT-TERM FORECASTING OF SOLAR RADIATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA WITH STATISTICAL METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    SHORT-TERM FORECASTING OF SOLAR RADIATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA WITH STATISTICAL METHODS Annette governing the insolation, forecasting of solar radiation makes the description of development of the cloud

  3. Evaluation of forecasting techniques for short-term demand of air transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickham, Richard Robert

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forecasting is arguably the most critical component of airline management. Essentially, airlines forecast demand to plan the supply of services to respond to that demand. Forecasts of short-term demand facilitate tactical ...

  4. Short-term Migration, Rural Workfare Programs and Urban Labor Markets: Evidence from India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    , a simple calibration exercise reveals that small changes in short-term migration can have large impacts of migration in developing countries (Banerjee and Duo, 2007; Badiani and Sar, 2009; Morten, 2012). In 2007

  5. Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution on Wheeze in Asthmatic Children in Fresno, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution on Wheeze in Asthmaticchanges in ambient air pollution. Our data suggest the need2004. The effect of air pollution on lung development from

  6. SPE 124332 (revised) Hierarchical Long-Term and Short-Term Production Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    . In our study we used a 3-dimensional reservoir in a fluvial depositional environment with a production at maximizing short-term production. The optimal life-cycle waterflooding strategy that includes short

  7. Characterizing short-term stability for Boolean networks over any distribution of transfer functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Seshadhri; Andrew M. Smith; Yevgeniy Vorobeychik; Jackson Mayo; Robert C. Armstrong

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a characterization of short-term stability of random Boolean networks under \\emph{arbitrary} distributions of transfer functions. Given any distribution of transfer functions for a random Boolean network, we present a formula that decides whether short-term chaos (damage spreading) will happen. We provide a formal proof for this formula, and empirically show that its predictions are accurate. Previous work only works for special cases of balanced families. It has been observed that these characterizations fail for unbalanced families, yet such families are widespread in real biological networks.

  8. Short-term effects of Gamma Ray Bursts on oceanic photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penate, Liuba; Cardenas, Rolando; Agusti, Susana

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our previous work on the potential short-term influence of a gamma ray bursts on Earth's biosphere, focusing on the only important short-term effect on life: the ultraviolet flash which occurs as a result of the retransmission of the {\\gamma} radiation through the atmosphere. Thus, in this work we calculate the ultraviolet irradiances penetrating the first hundred meters of the water column, for Jerlov's ocean water types I, II and III. Then we estimate the UV flash potential for photosynthesis inhibition, showing that it can be important in a considerable part of the water column with light enough for photosynthesis to be done, the so called photic zone.

  9. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests, Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for ASHRAE Research Project 1004-RP: Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests. This report presents the results of the development and application of the methodology to Case Study #2...

  10. Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) was introduced through the Climate Change Response Act............................................................................ 14 #12;1 1 Introduction The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) was legislated through

  11. Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurlio R. L.

    that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interiorPrimal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including

  12. Short-term and long-term reliability studies in the deregulated power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yishan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    for the new structure to maintain system reliability. Power system reliability is comprised of two basic components, adequacy and security. In terms of the time frame, power system reliability can mean short-term reliability or long-term reliability. Short...

  13. Longitudinal Analysis of Short term Bronchiolitis Air Pollution Association using Semi Parametric Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesbah, Mounir

    1 Longitudinal Analysis of Short term Bronchiolitis Air Pollution Association using Semi Parametric of ambient air pollution on infant bronchiolitis hospital consultations. Infant bronchiolitis is a frequent pollution, semi parametric models. 1.1 Introduction Time-series studies of air pollution and health

  14. Instructions for use Short-term Glacier Velocity Changes at West Kunlun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsunogai, Urumu

    to global warming could further accelerate glacier15 flow and potentially lead to significant lossInstructions for use #12;Short-term Glacier Velocity Changes at West Kunlun Shan, Northwest Tibet. Abstract Seasonal glacier velocity changes across the High Arctic, including the Green- land Ice Sheet

  15. SHORT-TERM THERMAL RESISTANCE OF ZOEAE OF 10 SPECIES OF CRABS FROM PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHORT-TERM THERMAL RESISTANCE OF ZOEAE OF 10 SPECIES OF CRABS FROM PUGET SOUND, WASHINGTON BENJAMIN to protect the most sensitive species studied is 24OC for the Puget Sound area. Thermal resistance of marine species of Puget INorthwest and Alaska Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 2725

  16. Ethical Considerations for Short-term Experiences by Trainees in Global Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    -constrained health care set- tings, trainees from resource-replete environments may have inflated ideas aboutCOMMENTARY Ethical Considerations for Short-term Experiences by Trainees in Global Health John A. Crump, MB, ChB, DTM&H Jeremy Sugarman, MD, MPH, MA A CADEMIC GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS ARE BURGEON- ing.1

  17. Managing Short-Term Electricity Contracts Under Uncertainty: A Minimax Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Shabbir

    Managing Short-Term Electricity Contracts Under Uncertainty: A Minimax Approach Samer Takriti Heights, New York 10598, USA, takriti@us.ibm.com School of Industrial & Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 765 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA, sahmed@isye.gatech.edu. The work

  18. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Short-term responses of decomposers to flow restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeRoy, Carri J.

    most stream restoration projects, lack pre-restoration data and clearly defined goals, making et al., 2005; Bernhardt et al., 2005). Biotic recovery in response to stream restoration can be rapidPRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Short-term responses of decomposers to flow restoration in Fossil Creek

  19. Short-term Forecasting of Offshore Wind Farm Production Developments of the Anemos Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Short-term Forecasting of Offshore Wind Farm Production Developments of the Anemos Project J to the large dimensions of offshore wind farms, their electricity production must be known well in advance networks) models were calibrated on power data from two offshore wind farms: Tunoe and Middelgrunden

  20. Short-Term Hurricane Impacts on a Neotropical Community of Marked Birds and Implications for Early-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winker, Kevin

    Short-Term Hurricane Impacts on a Neotropical Community of Marked Birds and Implications for Early- Stage Community Resilience Andrew B. Johnson1,2 , Kevin Winker1 * 1 University of Alaska Museum birds, following this community through the catastrophic destruction of its forest habitat by Hurricane

  1. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Short-Term Synaptic Depression Causes a Non-Monotonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parga, Nstor

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Short-Term Synaptic Depression Causes a Non-Monotonic Response to the postsynaptic cell because a large fraction of the spikes fail to elicit a synaptic response. In addition, short of incoming spikes as these are first converted into synaptic current and afterward into the cell response

  2. SHORT-TERM EFFECTS OF SOIL AMENDMENT WITH TREE LEGUME BIOMASS ON CARBON AND NITROGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    SHORT-TERM EFFECTS OF SOIL AMENDMENT WITH TREE LEGUME BIOMASS ON CARBON AND NITROGEN IN PARTICLE-to-N ratio of the added plant material seems to control the eects of soil amendment with tree legume biomass to the total quantity of C and N pre- sent. Physical fractionation of SOM can help to identify more active

  3. SHORT TERM PREDICTIONS FOR THE POWER OUTPUT OF ENSEMBLES OF WIND TURBINES AND PV-GENERATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    SHORT TERM PREDICTIONS FOR THE POWER OUTPUT OF ENSEMBLES OF WIND TURBINES AND PV-GENERATORS Hans the state of the art of power predictios for wind and solar power plants.with a time horizon of several market there is a need for a forecast of the power production of wind and solar generators with time

  4. Visualization of short-term heart period variability with network tools as a method for quantifying autonomic drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makowiec, Danuta; Kaczkowska, Agnieszka; Graff, Grzegorz; Wejer, Dorota; Wdowczyk, Joanna; Zarczynska-Buchowiecka, Marta; Gruchala, Marcin; Struzik, Zbigniew R

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Signals from heart transplant recipients can be considered to be a natural source of information for a better understanding of the impact of the autonomic nervous system on the complexity of heart rate variability. Beat-to-beat heart rate variability can be represented as a network of increments between subsequent $RR$-intervals, which makes possible the visualization of short-term heart period fluctuations. A network is constructed of vertices representing increments between subsequent $RR$-intervals, and edges which connect adjacent $RR$-increments. Two modes of visualization of such a network are proposed. The method described is applied to nocturnal Holter signals recorded from healthy young people and from cardiac transplant recipients. Additionally, the analysis is performed on surrogate data: shuffled RR-intervals (to display short-range dependence), and shuffled phases of the Fourier Transform of RR-intervals (to filter out linear dependences). Important nonlinear properties of autonomic nocturnal reg...

  5. Short-term effects of air pollution: a panel study of blood markers in patients with chronic pulmonary disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-term effects of air pollution: a panel study of bloodindicates that ambient air pollution is associated withto daily changes in air pollution in Erfurt, Germany. 12

  6. Ichno-sedimentological record of short-term climate-controlled redox events and cycles in organic-rich strata

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savrda, C.E. (Auburn Univ., AL (USA)); Bottjher, D.J. (Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles (USA)); Ozalas, K. (Auburn Univ., AL (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reduced rates of biochemical degradation of organic matter in oxygen-depleted marine settings generally result in the accumulation of laminated strata with high hydrocarbon source potential. Periods of improved oxygenation, during which the quantity and quality of organic matter are effectively reduced, are reflected by interbedded bioturbated intervals. Such benthic redox excursions may reflect variable paleooceanographic responses to climatic events or cycles. The potential role of climate in the short-term modulation of source rock potential is exemplified by bioturbated intervals within three predominantly laminated organic-rich units. The Jurassic Posidonia Shale (Germany) contains bioturbated beds whose ichnologic characteristics reflect a spectrum from short, low-magnitude redox events to longer episodes of greater magnitude. The character and distribution of these event beds appear to be controlled by sea level mediated variations in the frequency and intensity of storm-induced basin turnover. Bioturbated beds of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation (Colorado) are characterized by four oxygen-related ichnocoenoses, the distribution of which reflects cyclic variations in redox conditions. Relationships between paleooxygenation and organic-carbon and carbonate contents, and estimated cycle periodicities, suggest that redox variations were controlled by wet-dry climatic cycles modulated by the Milankovitch cycle of axial precession. Bioturbated beds within slope and basinal facies of the Miocene Monterey Formation (California) are variable in character, reflecting differences in duration and magnitude of associated oxygenation episodes, and may be in response to short-term variations in wind-stress-induced upwelling and/or ice-volume-controlled eustatic sea level changes.

  7. Short-term Human Vision Protection from Intense Light Sources | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1

  8. Short-term measurements for the determination of envelope retrofit performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.; Mort, D.; Burch, J.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-term monitoring for estimating thermal parameters of a building, along with an analytical technique to (1) determine the long-term performance and (2) calculate the parameters from a building description, has many valuable applications, which include energy ratings, diagnostics, and retrofit analysis. In this paper we address issues relating to reducing uncertainties in estimating thermal parameters with emphasis on retrofit applications. In general, it is necessary to impose a known heat flow with a suitable profile to reliably estimate the parameters. This is demonstrated with test cell measurements taken before and after changes were made to the test cell. The eventual goal of this project is to develop a practical methodology to determine long-term retrofit performance from short-term tests.

  9. Short-Term Energy Tests of a Credit Union Building in Idaho (Draft)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.; Balcomb, J. D.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes tests and results of the energy performance of a credit union building in Idaho. The building is in the Energy Edge Program administered by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). BPA provided incentives to incorporate innovative features designed to conserve energy use by the building. It is of interest to determine the actual performance of these features. The objective of this project was to evaluate the applicability of the SERI short-term energy monitoring (STEM) method to nonresidential buildings.

  10. Short-term load forecasting using generalized regression and probabilistic neural networks in the electricity market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, M.M.; Upadhyay, K.G.; Singh, S.N.

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For the economic and secure operation of power systems, a precise short-term load forecasting technique is essential. Modern load forecasting techniques - especially artificial neural network methods - are particularly attractive, as they have the ability to handle the non-linear relationships between load, weather temperature, and the factors affecting them directly. A test of two different ANN models on data from Australia's Victoria market is promising. (author)

  11. Short term generation scheduling in photovoltaic-utility grid with battery storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marwali, M.K.C.; Ma, H.; Shahidehpour, S.M. [Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Abdul-Rahman, K.H. [Siemens Energy and Automation, Brooklyn Park, MN (United States)] [Siemens Energy and Automation, Brooklyn Park, MN (United States)

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an efficient approach to short term resource scheduling for an integrated thermal and photovoltaic-battery generation. The proposed model incorporated battery storage for peak load shaving. Several constraints including battery capacity, minimum up/down time and ramp rates for thermal units, as well as natural photovoltaic (PV) capacity are considered in the proposed model. A case study composed of 26 thermal units and a PV-battery plant is presented to test the efficiency of the method.

  12. Performance and nutrient utilization of steers fed short term reconstituted grains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Edward James

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    experiment. The ration's were composed on a dry basis of 86X grain and 14X of the same protein supplement used in the feeding experiment. Eight Beefmaster crossbred steers of the same origin and weight as those used in the growth trial were assigned...PERFORMANCE AND NUTRIENT UTILIZATION OF STEERS FED SHORT TERM RECONSTITUTED GRAINS A Thesis by EDWARD JAMES SIMPSON, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

  13. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, 2nd quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1994 through the fourth quarter of 1995. Values for the first quarter of 1994, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available. The historical energy data, compiled into the second quarter 1994 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The cases are produced using the STIFS. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. The EIA model is available on computer tape from the National Technical Information Service.

  14. Ramp Forecasting Performance from Improved Short-Term Wind Power Forecasting: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J.; Florita, A.; Hodge, B. M.; Freedman, J.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The variable and uncertain nature of wind generation presents a new concern to power system operators. One of the biggest concerns associated with integrating a large amount of wind power into the grid is the ability to handle large ramps in wind power output. Large ramps can significantly influence system economics and reliability, on which power system operators place primary emphasis. The Wind Forecasting Improvement Project (WFIP) was performed to improve wind power forecasts and determine the value of these improvements to grid operators. This paper evaluates the performance of improved short-term wind power ramp forecasting. The study is performed for the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) by comparing the experimental WFIP forecast to the current short-term wind power forecast (STWPF). Four types of significant wind power ramps are employed in the study; these are based on the power change magnitude, direction, and duration. The swinging door algorithm is adopted to extract ramp events from actual and forecasted wind power time series. The results show that the experimental short-term wind power forecasts improve the accuracy of the wind power ramp forecasting, especially during the summer.

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Short-term effect of tillage intensity on N2O and CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Short-term effect of tillage intensity on N2O and CO2 emissions Pascal Boeckx negative to positive. We studied the short-term effect of tillage intensity on N2O and CO2 emissions. We site, an intermediately aerated Luvisol in Belgium, were similar. Nitrous oxide and CO2 emissions were

  16. DOBEIA-0202(83/4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4ConsumptionDOBEIA-0202(83/4Q) Short-Term

  17. DOE/EIA-0202(84/3Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la3Q) Short-Term

  18. Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Weather Sensitivity in Natural Gas Markets

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April19.Data Series: ProvedShort-Term

  19. Seismic Activity of the Earth, the Cosmological Vectorial Potential And Method of a Short-term Earthquakes Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. A. Baurov; Yu. A. Baurov; Yu. A. Baurov Jr.; A. A. Spitalnaya; A. A. Abramyan; V. A. Solodovnikov

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    To the foundation of a principally new short-term forecasting method there has been laid down a theory of surrounding us world's creation and of physical vacuum as a result of interaction of byuons - discrete objects. The definition of the byuon contains the cosmological vector-potential A_g - a novel fundamental vector constant. This theory predicts a new anisotropic interaction of nature objects with the physical vacuum. A peculiar "tap" to gain new energy (giving rise to an earthquake) are elementary particles because their masses are proportional to the modulus of some summary potential A_sum that contains potentials of all known fields. The value of A_sum cannot be larger than the modulus of A_g. In accordance with the experimental results a new force associated with A_sum ejects substance from the area of the weakened A_sum along a conical formation with the opening of 100 +- 10 and the axis directed along the vector A_sum. This vector has the following coordinates in the second equatorial coordinate system: right ascension alpha = 293 +- 10, declination delta = 36 +- 10. Nearly 100% probability of an earthquake (earthquakes of 6 points strong and more by the Richter scale) arises when in the process of the earth rotation the zenith vector of a seismically dangerous region and/or the vectorial potential of Earth's magnetic fields are in a certain way oriented relative to the vector A_g. In the work, basic models and standard mechanisms of earthquakes are briefly considered, results of processing of information on the earthquakes in the context of global spatial anisotropy caused by the existence of the vector A_g, are presented, and an analysis of them is given.

  20. Short-term energy outlook, October 1998. Quarterly projections, 1998 4. quarter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares The Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly for distribution on the Internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. In addition, printed versions of the report are available to subscribers in January, April, July and October. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from October 1998 through December 1999. Values for third quarter of 1998 data, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the October 1998 version of the Short-term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  1. Research on Short-term Load Forecasting of the Thermoelectric Boiler Based on a Dynamic RBF Neural Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, W.; Zou, P.; Yan, C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As thermal inertia is the key factor for the lag of thermoelectric utility regulation, it becomes very important to forecast its short-term load according to running parameters. In this paper, dynamic radial basis function (RBF) neural network...

  2. Using futures prices to filter short-term volatility and recover a latent, long-term price series for oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herce, Miguel Angel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil prices are very volatile. But much of this volatility seems to reflect short-term,transitory factors that may have little or no influence on the price in the long run. Many major investment decisions should be guided ...

  3. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Worldwide interest in the deployment of photovoltaic generation (PV) is rapidly increasing. Operating experience with large PV plants, however, demonstrates that large, rapid changes in the output of PV plants are possible. Early studies of PV grid impacts suggested that short-term variability could be a potential limiting factor in deploying PV. Many of these early studies, however, lacked high-quality data from multiple sites to assess the costs and impacts of increasing PV penetration. As is well known for wind, accounting for the potential for geographic diversity can significantly reduce the magnitude of extreme changes in aggregated PV output, the resources required to accommodate that variability, and the potential costs of managing variability. We use measured 1-min solar insolation for 23 time-synchronized sites in the Southern Great Plains network of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program and wind speed data from 10 sites in the same network to characterize the variability of PV with different degrees of geographic diversity and to compare the variability of PV to the variability of similarly sited wind. The relative aggregate variability of PV plants sited in a dense 10 x 10 array with 20 km spacing is six times less than the variability of a single site for variability on time scales less than 15-min. We find in our analysis of wind and PV plants similarly sited in a 5 x 5 grid with 50 km spacing that the variability of PV is only slightly more than the variability of wind on time scales of 5-15 min. Over shorter and longer time scales the level of variability is nearly identical. Finally, we use a simple approximation method to estimate the cost of carrying additional reserves to manage sub-hourly variability. We conclude that the costs of managing the short-term variability of PV are dramatically reduced by geographic diversity and are not substantially different from the costs for managing the short-term variability of similarly sited wind in this region.

  4. Estimating long-term mean winds from short-term wind data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barchet, W.R.; Davis, W.E.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The estimation of long-term mean winds from short-term data is especially important in the area of wind energy. It is desirable to obtain reliable estimates of the long-term wind speed from as short a period of on-site measurements as possible. This study examined seven different methods of estimating the long-term average wind speed and compared the performance of these techniques. Three linear, three weather pattern, and one eigenvector methods were compared for measurement periods ranging from 3 months to 36 months. Average errors, both relative and absolute, and the rms errors in the techniques were determined. The best technique for less than 12 months of measurement was the eigenvector method using weekly mean wind speeds. However, this method was only slightly better than the linear adjusted method. When 12 or more months of data were used, the difference in errors between techniques was found to be slight.

  5. Short-term Variations in the Galactic Environment of the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priscilla C. Frisch; Jonathan D. Slavin

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The galactic environment of the Sun varies over short timescales as the Sun and interstellar clouds travel through space. Small variations in the dynamics, ionization, density, and magnetic field strength of the interstellar medium (ISM) surrounding the Sun yield pronounced changes in the heliosphere. We discuss essential information required to understand short-term variations in the galactic environment of the Sun, including the distribution and radiative transfer properties of nearby ISM, and variations in the boundary conditions of the heliosphere as the Sun traverses clouds. The most predictable transitions are when the Sun emerged from the Local Bubble interior and entered the cluster of local interstellar clouds flowing past the Sun, within the past 140,000 years, and again when the Sun entered the local interstellar cloud now surrounding and inside of the solar system, sometime during the past 44,000 years.

  6. Economic Evaluation of Short-Term Wind Power Forecasts in ERCOT: Preliminary Results; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orwig, K.; Hodge, B. M.; Brinkman, G.; Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Banunarayanan, V.; Nasir, S.; Freedman, J.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historically, a number of wind energy integration studies have investigated the value of using day-ahead wind power forecasts for grid operational decisions. These studies have shown that there could be large cost savings gained by grid operators implementing the forecasts in their system operations. To date, none of these studies have investigated the value of shorter-term (0 to 6-hour-ahead) wind power forecasts. In 2010, the Department of Energy and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration partnered to fund improvements in short-term wind forecasts and to determine the economic value of these improvements to grid operators, hereafter referred to as the Wind Forecasting Improvement Project (WFIP). In this work, we discuss the preliminary results of the economic benefit analysis portion of the WFIP for the Electric Reliability Council of Texas. The improvements seen in the wind forecasts are examined, then the economic results of a production cost model simulation are analyzed.

  7. Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM): Application of the PSTAR method to a residence in Fredericksburg, Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.; Burch, J.D.; Hancock, C.E.; Lekov, A.; Balcomb, J.D.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a project to assess the thermal quality of a residential building based on short-term tests during which a small number of data channels are measured. The project is called Short- Term Energy Monitoring (STEM). Analysis of the data provides extrapolation to long-term performance. The test protocol and analysis are based on a unified method for building simulations and short-term testing called Primary and Secondary Terms Analysis and Renormalization (PSTAR). In the PSTAR method, renormalized parameters are introduced for the primary terms such that the renormalized energy balance is best satisfied in the least squares sense; hence, the name PSTAR. The mathematical formulation of PSTAR is detailed in earlier reports. This report describes the short-term tests and data analysis performed using the PSTAR method on a residential building in Fredricksburg, Virginia. The results demonstrate the ability of the PSTAR method to provide a realistically complex thermal model of a building, and determine from short-term tests the statics as well as the dynamics of a building, including solar dynamics. 10 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Short-term and creep shear characteristics of a needlepunched thermally locked geosynthetic clay liner

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siebken, J.R. [National Seal Co., Galesburg, IL (United States). Technical Services; Swan, R.H. Jr.; Yuan, Z. [GeoSyntec Consultants, Atlanta, GA (United States). Soil-Geosynthetic Interaction Testing Lab.

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of constant-rate direct shear tests were conducted on a needlepunched thermally locked geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) in accordance with ASTM Test Method for Determining the Coefficient of Soil and Geosynthetic or Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic Friction by the Direct Shear Method (D 5321). The test results demonstrate that the needlepunched thermally locked reinforcing fibers provide substantial short-term shear strength to a GCL. However, there is a growing concern that the long-term shear strength to a GCL. However, there is a growing concern that the long-term shear strength of this type of GCL can be affected due to the potential of creep within the reinforcing fibers under sustained constant loads which occur in the field. An attempt was made to address this concern through an incrementally-loaded creep shear test conducted in a newly developed constant-load (creep) shear testing device. The results of the creep shear test to date show that the GCL has undergone relatively small shear displacements with incremental shear rates decreasing with time within each loading phase.

  9. Short Term Irradiation Test of Fuel Containing Minor Actinides Using the Experimental Fast Reactor Joyo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sekine, Takashi; Soga, Tomonori; Koyama, Shin-ichi; Aoyama, Takafumi [Oarai Research and Development Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. 4002 Narita, Oarai, Ibaraki 311-1393 (Japan); Wootan, David [Pacific Northwest National Laboratoy, M/S K8-34, P.O. Box 999 Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mixed oxide containing minor actinides (MA-MOX) fuel irradiation program is being conducted using the experimental fast rector Joyo of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to research early thermal behavior of MA-MOX fuel. Two irradiation experiments were conducted as part of the short-term phase of this program in May and August 2006. Six prepared fuel pins included MOX fuel containing 3% or 5% americium (Am-MOX), and MOX fuel containing 2% americium and 2% neptunium (Np/Am-MOX). The first test was conducted with high linear heat rates of approximately 430 W/cm maintained during only 10 minutes. After 10 minutes irradiation test, the test subassembly was transferred to the hot cell facility and an Am-MOX pin and a Np/Am-MOX pin were replaced with dummy pins with neutron dosimeters. The test subassembly loaded with the remaining four fuel pins was re-irradiated in Joyo for 24-hours in August 2006 at nearly the same linear power to obtain re-distribution data on MA-MOX fuel. The linear heat rate for each MA-MOX test fuel pin was calculated using the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP. The calculated fission rates were compared with the measured data based on the Nd-148 method. The maximum linear heat rate was approximately 444{+-}19 W/cm at the actual reactor power of 119.6 MWt. Post irradiation examination of these pins to confirm the absence of fuel melting and the local concentration under irradiation of NpO{sub 2-x} or AmO{sub 2-x}, in the (U,Pu)0{sub 2-x}, fuel are underway. The test results are expected to reduce uncertainties on the margin in the thermal design for MA-MOX fuel. (authors)

  10. Image-Guided Techniques Improve the Short-term Outcome of Autologous Osteochondral Cartilage Repair Surgeries -An

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, James

    Image-Guided Techniques Improve the Short-term Outcome of Autologous Osteochondral Cartilage Repair and deliver osteochondral grafts remains problematic. We investigated whether image-guided methods (optically-guided and template-guided) can improve the outcome of mo- saic arthroplasty procedures. Methods: Fifteen sheep were

  11. Short-term Wind Power Prediction for Offshore Wind Farms -Evaluation of Fuzzy-Neural Network Based Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Short-term Wind Power Prediction for Offshore Wind Farms - Evaluation of Fuzzy-Neural Network Based of offshore farms and their secure integration to the grid. Modeling the behavior of large wind farms presents the new considerations that have to be made when dealing with large offshore wind farms

  12. Short-term effects of oestradiol, T3 or insulin infusions on plasma concentrations and estimated hepatic balances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Short-term effects of oestradiol, T3 or insulin infusions on plasma concentrations and estimated infusions on interme- diary and hepatic metabolism were studied in 4 preruminant male calves fed milk replac/kg BW), infused during the first h after feeding. Metabolite concentrations were determined

  13. 1256 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2003 Short-Term Hydrothermal Generation Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    long and mid-term models, have been used to optimize the amount of hydro energy to be used during1256 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2003 Short-Term Hydrothermal are obtained for each of both hydro and thermal units. Future cost curves of hydro generation, obtained from

  14. Neurocomputing 70 (2007) 16261629 A biophysical model of short-term plasticity at the calyx of Held

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Bruce

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dynamics, which include passive and activity-dependent recycling, calcium-dependent exocytosis activity-dependent vesicle recycling and a limited number of vesicle docking sites at each active zone. r- and postsynaptic factors. Earlier work has led to the vesicle depletion model for short-term synaptic depression

  15. Use of short-term test systems for the prediction of the hazard represented by potential chemical carcinogens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glass, L.R.; Jones, T.D.; Easterly, C.E.; Walsh, P.J.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been hypothesized that results from short-term bioassays will ultimately provide information that will be useful for human health hazard assessment. Historically, the validity of the short-term tests has been assessed using the framework of the epidemiologic/medical screens. In this context, the results of the carcinogen (long-term) bioassay is generally used as the standard. However, this approach is widely recognized as being biased and, because it employs qualitative data, cannot be used to assist in isolating those compounds which may represent a more significant toxicologic hazard than others. In contrast, the goal of this research is to address the problem of evaluating the utility of the short-term tests for hazard assessment using an alternative method of investigation. Chemicals were selected mostly from the list of carcinogens published by the International Agency for Research on Carcinogens (IARC); a few other chemicals commonly recognized as hazardous were included. Tumorigenicity and mutagenicity data on 52 chemicals were obtained from the Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) and were analyzed using a relative potency approach. The data were evaluated in a format which allowed for a comparison of the ranking of the mutagenic relative potencies of the compounds (as estimated using short-term data) vs. the ranking of the tumorigenic relative potencies (as estimated from the chronic bioassays). Although this was a preliminary investigation, it offers evidence that the short-term tests systems may be of utility in ranking the hazards represented by chemicals which may contribute to increased carcinogenesis in humans as a result of occupational or environmental exposures. 177 refs., 8 tabs.

  16. CHANGES IN THE ELECTRICAL SURFACE CHARGE AND TRANSPLANTATION PROPERTIES OF TA3 ASCITES TUMOR CELLS DURING SHORT-TERM MAINTENANCE IN AN ISOTONIC SALT SOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tenforde, T.S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CELLS DURING SHORT-TERM MAINTENANCE IN AN ISOTONIC SALTcells. In conclusion, the maintenance of TA3 ascites cellslhort-term tumor cell maintenance in vitro. REFERENCES

  17. PSTAR: Primary and secondary terms analysis and renormalization: A unified approach to building energy simulations and short-term monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a unified method of hourly simulation of a building and analysis of performance data. The method is called Primary and Secondary Terms Analysis and Renormalization (PSTAR). In the PSTAR method, renormalized parameters are introduced for the primary terms such that the renormalized energy balance equation is best satisfied in the least squares sense, hence, the name PSTAR. PSTAR allows extraction of building characteristics from short-term tests on a small number of data channels. These can be used for long-term performance prediction (''ratings''), diagnostics, and control of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems (HVAC), comparison of design versus actual performance, etc. By combining realistic building models, simple test procedures, and analysis involving linear equations, PSTAR provides a powerful tool for analyzing building energy as well as testing and monitoring. It forms the basis for the Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) project at SERI.

  18. Methodology for Analyzing Energy and Demand Savings From Energy Services Performance Contract Using Short-Term Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J. S.; Cho, S.; Lynn, B.; Cook, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . New methods, which were developed to measure hourly demand savings from short-term data, were also discussed. INTRODUCTION The Fort Hood Army Base has selected an Energy Services Performance Contract (ESPC) contractor to help achieve its... energy reduction goals as mandated by Executive Order. This ESPC is expected to be a $3.8 million, 20 year contract, which includes five primary types of Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) in 58 buildings, including: boiler insulation, control...

  19. Short term effects of commercial polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixtures and individual PCB congeners in female Sprague-Dawley rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Chyu

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major subject: Toxicology SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF COMMERCIAL POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (PCB) MIXTURES AND INDIVIDUAL PCB CONGENERS IN FEMALE SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS A Thesis... of isomers 3 12 24 42 46 42 24 12 3 1 209 This thesis followed the format and style of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. isomers and congeners in which there are differences with respect to the number of halogen atoms and their substitution...

  20. Probabilistic wind power forecasting -European Wind Energy Conference -Milan, Italy, 7-10 May 2007 Probabilistic short-term wind power forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Probabilistic wind power forecasting - European Wind Energy Conference - Milan, Italy, 7-10 May 2007 Probabilistic short-term wind power forecasting based on kernel density estimators Jeremie Juban jeremie.juban@ensmp.fr; georges.kariniotakis@ensmp.fr Abstract Short-term wind power forecasting tools

  1. System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Srikrishna) feedback #12;System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect

  2. A Proposed Design for a Short-Term Resource Adequacy Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is the ability of the system to meet the aggregate customer demand with a certain probability [1], usually given characteristics of electricity, including the lack of large-scale storage and the limited demand responsiveness capacities of the existing supply sources and the demand bids of price responsive buyers. The regulatory

  3. Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Status of Libyan Loading Ports and Oil and Natural Gas Fields

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctoberOutlookShort-Term

  4. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source:Additions to Capacity ForYear Jan7.5, 20135:Decade Year-0‹

  5. A Distributed Modeling System for Short-Term to Seasonal Ensemble Streamflow Forecasting in Snowmelt Dominated Basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wigmosta, Mark S.; Gill, Muhammad K.; Coleman, Andre M.; Prasad, Rajiv; Vail, Lance W.

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a distributed modeling system for short-term to seasonal water supply forecasts with the ability to utilize remotely-sensed snow cover products and real-time streamflow measurements. Spatial variability in basin characteristics and meteorology is represented using a raster-based computational grid. Canopy interception, snow accumulation and melt, and simplified soil water movement are simulated in each computational unit. The model is run at a daily time step with surface runoff and subsurface flow aggregated at the basin scale. This approach allows the model to be updated with spatial snow cover and measured streamflow using an Ensemble Kalman-based data assimilation strategy that accounts for uncertainty in weather forecasts, model parameters, and observations used for updating. Model inflow forecasts for the Dworshak Reservoir in northern Idaho are compared to observations and to April-July volumetric forecasts issued by the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) for Water Years 2000 2006. October 1 volumetric forecasts are superior to those issued by the NRCS, while March 1 forecasts are comparable. The ensemble spread brackets the observed April-July volumetric inflows in all years. Short-term (one and three day) forecasts also show excellent agreement with observations.

  6. Short term Variability of the Sun Earth System: An Overview of Progress Made during the CAWSES II Period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalswamy, Nat; Yan, Yihua

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an overview of results obtained during the CAWSES II period on the short term variability of the Sun and how it affects the near Earth space environment. CAWSES II was planned to examine the behavior of the solar terrestrial system as the solar activity climbed to its maximum phase in solar cycle 24. After a deep minimum following cycle 23, the Sun climbed to a very weak maximum in terms of the sunspot number in cycle 24 (MiniMax24), so many of the results presented here refer to this weak activity in comparison with cycle 23. The short term variability that has immediate consequence to Earth and geospace manifests as solar eruptions from closed field regions and high speed streams from coronal holes. Both electromagnetic (flares) and mass emissions (coronal mass ejections, CMEs) are involved in solar eruptions, while coronal holes result in high speed streams that collide with slow wind forming the so called corotating interaction regions (CIRs). Fast CMEs affect Earth via leading shocks ...

  7. Prediction of short-term and long-term VOC emissions from SBR bitumen-backed carpet under different temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, S.; Chen, Q. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Building Technology Program; Bluyssen, P.M. [TNO Building and Construction Research, Delft (Netherlands)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents two models for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from carpet. One is a numerical model using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique for short-term predictions, the other an analytical model for long-term predictions. The numerical model can (1) deal with carpets that are not new, (2) calculate the time-dependent VOC distributions in a test chamber or room, and (3) consider the temperature effect on VOC emissions. Based on small-scale chamber data, both models were used to examine the VOC emissions under different temperatures from polypropene styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) bitumen-backed carpet. The short-term predictions show that the VOC emissions under different temperatures can be modeled solely by changing the carpet diffusion coefficients. A formulation of the Arrhenius relation was used to correlate the dependence of carpet diffusion coefficient with temperature. The long-term predictions show that it would take several years to bake out the VOCs, and temperature would have a major impact on the bake-out time.

  8. An evaluation of the Gilian TRACEAIR Organic Vapor Monitoring Diffusive Badge in measuring short-term exposure levels of benzene under field conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Mark Edward

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to evaluate the performance of the Gilian TRACEAIR Organic Vapor Monitoring I (OVMI) Diffusive Badge in measuring short-term benzene exposures under field conditions. In general, a diffusive badge is a device which...

  9. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests; Literature Review and Site Selection, Nov. 1997 (Revised Feb. 1998)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.; Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the preliminary report contains the literature review and site selection recommendations for ASHRAE Research Project RP 1004 "Determining Long-term Performance of Cool Storage Systems From Short-term Tests"....

  10. Laboratory Studies of the Short-term Responses of Freshwater Fish to Electromagnetic Fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL; Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Fortner, Allison M [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL; Riemer, Kristina P [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrokinetic energy technologies are being proposed as an environmentally preferred means of generating electricity from river and tidal currents. Among the potential issues that must be investigated in order to resolve environmental concerns are the effects on aquatic organisms of electromagnetic fields created by underwater generators and transmission cables. The behavioral responses of common freshwater fishes to static and variable electromagnetic fields (EMF) that may be emitted by hydrokinetic projects were evaluated in laboratory experiments. Various fish species were exposed to either static (DC) EMF fields created by a permanent bar magnet or variable (AC) EMF fields created by a switched electromagnet for 48 h, fish locations were recorded with a digital imaging system, and changes in activity level and distribution relative to the magnet position were quantified at 5-min intervals. Experiments with fathead minnows, redear sunfish, striped bass, lake sturgeon, and channel catfish produced mixed results. Except for fathead minnows there was no effect on activity level. Only redear sunfish and channel catfish exhibited a change in distribution relative to the position of the magnet with an apparent attraction to the EMF source. In separate experiments, rapid behavioral responses of paddlefish and lake sturgeon to onset of the AC field were recorded with high-speed video. Paddlefish did not react to a variable, 60-Hz magnetic field like that which would be emitted by an AC generator or cable, but lake sturgeon consistently responded to the variable, AC-generated magnetic field with a variety of altered swimming behaviors. These results will be useful for determining under what circumstances cables or generators need to be positioned to minimize interactions with sensitive species.

  11. Short-term effects of gaseous pollutants on cause-specific mortality in Wuhan, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhengmin Qian; Qingci He; Hung-Mo Lin (and others) [Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA (United States)

    2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was to determine the acute mortality effects of the gaseous pollutants in Wuhan, China a city with 7.5 million permanent residents during the period from 2000 to 2004. The major sources of air pollution in the city are motor vehicles and the use of coal for domestic cooking, heating, and industrial processes. In recent years, combustion of gas has been the most common method for domestic cooking. There is a large coal-combustion smelter in the district. There are approximately 4.5 million residents in Wuhan who live in the city's core area of 201 km{sup 2}, where air pollution levels are highest, and pollution ranges are wider than the majority of the cities in the published literature. We used the generalized additive model to analyze pollution, mortality, and covariate data. We found consistent NO{sub 2} effects on mortality with the strongest effects on the same day. Every 10-{mu}g/m{sup 3} increase in NO{sub 2} daily concentration on the same day was associated with an increase in nonaccidental cardiovascular, stroke, cardiac, respiratory, and cardiopulmonary mortality. These effects were stronger among the elderly than among the young. Formal examination of exposure-response curves suggests no-threshold linear relationships between daily mortality and NO{sub 2}, where the NO{sub 2} concentrations ranged from 19.2 to 127.4 {mu}g/m{sup 3}. SO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} were not associated with daily mortality. The exposure response relationships demonstrated heterogeneity, with some curves showing nonlinear relationships for SO{sub 2} and O{sub 3}. We conclude that there is consistent evidence of acute effects of NO{sub 2} on mortality and suggest that a no-threshold linear relationship exists between NO{sub 2} and mortality. 36 refs., 7 tabs.

  12. Microstructural evolution of delta ferrite in SAVE12 steel under heat treatment and short-term creep

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Shengzhi, E-mail: lishengzhi@sjtu.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Eliniyaz, Zumrat; Zhang, Lanting; Sun, Feng [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Shen, Yinzhong [School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Shan, Aidang, E-mail: adshan@sjtu.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focused on the formation and microstructural evolution of delta ferrite phase in SAVE12 steel. The formation of delta ferrite was due to the high content of ferrite forming alloy elements such as Cr, W, and Ta. This was interpreted through either JMatPro-4.1 computer program or Cr{sub eq} calculations. Delta ferrite was found in bamboo-like shape and contained large amount of MX phase. It was surrounded by Laves phases before creep or aging treatment. Annealing treatments were performed under temperatures from 1050 Degree-Sign C to 1100 Degree-Sign C and various time periods to study its dissolution kinetics. The result showed that most of the delta ferrite can be dissolved by annealing in single phase austenitic region. Dissolution process of delta ferrite may largely depend on dissolution kinetic factors, rather than on thermodynamic factors. Precipitation behavior during short-term (1100 h) creep was investigated at temperature of 600 Degree-Sign C under a stress of 180 MPa. The results demonstrated that delta ferrite became preferential nucleation sites for Laves phase at the early stage of creep. Laves phase on the boundary around delta ferrite showed relatively slower growth and coarsening rate than that inside delta ferrite. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Delta ferrite is systematically studied under heat treatment and short-term creep. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Delta ferrite contains large number of MX phase and is surrounded by Laves phases before creep or aging treatment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Formation of delta ferrite is interpreted by theoretical and empirical methods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Most of the delta ferrite is dissolved by annealing in single phase austenitic region. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Delta ferrite becomes preferential nucleation sites for Laves phase at the early stage of creep.

  13. Effects of various uranium leaching procedures on soil: Short-term vegetation growth and physiology. Progress report, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, N.T.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant volumes of soil containing elevated levels of uranium exist in the eastern United States. The contamination resulted from the development of the nuclear industry in the United States requiring a large variety of uranium products. The contaminated soil poses a collection and disposal problem of a magnitude that justifies the development of decontamination methods. Consequently, the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development formed the Uranium Soils Integrated Demonstration (USID) program to address the problem. The fundamental goal of the USID task group has been the selective extraction/leaching or removal of uranium from soil faster, cheaper, and safer than what can be done using current conventional technologies. The objective is to selectively remove uranium from soil without seriously degrading the soil`s physicochemical characteristics and without generating waste that is difficult to manage and/or dispose of. However, procedures developed for removing uranium from contaminated soil have involved harsh chemical treatments that affect the physicochemical properties of the soil. The questions are (1) are the changes in soil properties severe enough to destroy the soil`s capacity to support and sustain vegetation growth and survival? and (2) what amendments might be made to the leached soil to return it to a reasonable vegetation production capacity? This study examines the vegetation-support capacity of soil that had been chemically leached to remove uranium. The approach is to conduct short-term germination and phytotoxicity tests for evaluating soils after they are subjected to various leaching procedures followed by longer term pot studies on successfully leached soils that show the greatest capacity to support plant growth. This report details the results from germination and short-term phytotoxicity testing of soils that underwent a variety of leaching procedures at the bench scale at ORNL and at the pilot plant at Fernald.

  14. INFRARED OBSERVATIONS OF THE MILLISECOND PULSAR BINARY J1023+0038: EVIDENCE FOR THE SHORT-TERM NATURE OF ITS INTERACTING PHASE IN 2000-2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xuebing; Wang, Zhongxiang [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Morrell, Nidia [Las Campanas Observatory, Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, La Serena (Chile)] [Las Campanas Observatory, Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, La Serena (Chile)

    2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We report our multi-band infrared (IR) imaging of the transitional millisecond pulsar system J1023+0038, a rare pulsar binary known to have an accretion disk in 2000-2001. The observations were carried out with ground-based and space telescopes from near-IR to far-IR wavelengths. We detected the source in near-IR JH bands and Spitzer 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m mid-IR channels. Combined with the previously reported optical spectrum of the source, the IR emission is found to arise from the companion star, with no excess emission detected in the wavelength range. Because our near-IR fluxes are nearly equal to those obtained by the 2MASS all-sky survey in 2000 February, the result indicates that the binary did not contain the accretion disk at the time, whose existence would have raised the near-IR fluxes to twice larger values. Our observations have thus established the short-term nature of the interacting phase seen in 2000-2001: the accretion disk existed for at most 2.5 yr. The binary was not detected by the WISE all-sky survey carried out in 2010 at its 12 and 22 {mu}m bands and our Herschel far-IR imaging at 70 and 160 {mu}m. Depending on the assumed properties of the dust, the resulting flux upper limits provide a constraint of <3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 22}-3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 25} g on the mass of the dust grains that possibly exist as the remnants of the previously seen accretion disk.

  15. Comparison of MELCOR modeling techniques and effects of vessel water injection on a low-pressure, short-term, station blackout at the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbajo, J.J.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fully qualified, best-estimate MELCOR deck has been prepared for the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station and has been run using MELCOR 1.8.3 (1.8 PN) for a low-pressure, short-term, station blackout severe accident. The same severe accident sequence has been run with the same MELCOR version for the same plant using the deck prepared during the NUREG-1150 study. A third run was also completed with the best-estimate deck but without the Lower Plenum Debris Bed (BH) Package to model the lower plenum. The results from the three runs have been compared, and substantial differences have been found. The timing of important events is shorter, and the calculated source terms are in most cases larger for the NUREG-1150 deck results. However, some of the source terms calculated by the NUREG-1150 deck are not conservative when compared to the best-estimate deck results. These results identified some deficiencies in the NUREG-1150 model of the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station. Injection recovery sequences have also been simulated by injecting water into the vessel after core relocation started. This marks the first use of the new BH Package of MELCOR to investigate the effects of water addition to a lower plenum debris bed. The calculated results indicate that vessel failure can be prevented by injecting water at a sufficiently early stage. No pressure spikes in the vessel were predicted during the water injection. The MELCOR code has proven to be a useful tool for severe accident management strategies.

  16. European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition EWEC 2003, Madrid, Spain. State-of-the-Art on Methods and Software Tools for Short-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition EWEC 2003, Madrid, Spain. State-of-the-Art on Methods and Software Tools for Short-Term Prediction of Wind Energy Production G. Giebel*, L. Landberg, Risoe National Roskilde, Denmark Abstract: The installed wind energy capacity in Europe today is 20 GW, while

  17. Oxygen isotope content of CO2 in nocturnal ecosystem respiration: 2. Short-term dynamics of foliar and soil component fluxes in an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehleringer, Jim

    Oxygen isotope content of CO2 in nocturnal ecosystem respiration: 2. Short-term dynamics of foliar; accepted 29 October 2003; published 23 December 2003. [1] The oxygen isotope contents (d18 O) of soil showed enrichment over a 2-week sampling period as the weather became hot and dry (leaves 0.9 to 15

  18. A Methodology to Characterize Ideal Short-term Counting Conditions and Improve AADT Estimation Accuracy Using a Regression-based Correcting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    -established and robust with clear guidelines to collect short-term count data, to analyze data and develop annual average a statewide system of non-motorized data. From a planning point of view, a key measure of traffic volumes continuous counts comes from the AASHTO Guidelines for Traffic Data Programs, prepared in 1992 (AASHTO, 1992

  19. Prediction of wind speed profiles for short-term forecasting in the offshore environment R.J. Barthelmie and G. Giebel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in planning of maintenance visits to offshore wind farms. In most cases the basis for the predictionPrediction of wind speed profiles for short-term forecasting in the offshore environment R wind farms. The main effects considered here are: wind speed gradients in the coastal zone, vertical

  20. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests, Progress Report, 6-99, Revised 12-99

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the Spring 1999 progress report on ASHRAE Research Project RP 1004: Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests. This report presents an update concerning the work that has been accomplished since the June...

  1. Estimation of original gas in place from short-term shut-in pressure data for commingled tight gas reservoirs with no crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuong, Chan Hung

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas production (GP) under these circumstances. This research studies different empirical methods to estimate the original gas in place (OGIP) for one-layer or commingled two-layer tight gas reservoirs without crossflow, from short-term (72-hour) shut...

  2. Multi-color Near Infra-red Intra-day and Short Term Variability of the Blazar S5 0716+714

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alok C. Gupta; Sang-Mok Cha; Sungho Lee; Ho Jin; Soojong Pak; Seoung-hyun Cho; Bongkon Moon; Youngsik Park; In-Soo Yuk; Uk-won Nam; Jaemann Kyeong

    2008-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we report results of our near-infrared (NIR) photometric variability studies of the BL Lacertae object S5 0716+714. NIR photometric observations spread over 7 nights during our observing run April 2-9, 2007 at 1.8 meter telescope equipped with KASINICS (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute Near Infrared Camera System) and J, H, and Ks filters at Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (BOAO), South Korea. We searched for intra-day variability, short term variability and color variability in the BL Lac object. We have not detected any genuine intra-day variability in any of J, H, and Ks passbands in our observing run. Significant short term variability ~ 32.6%, 20.5% and 18.2% have been detected in J, H, Ks passbands, respectively, and ~ 11.9% in (J-H) color.

  3. arXiv:1007.3122v2[q-bio.NC]30Jan2013 Robust Short-Term Memory without Synaptic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Samuel

    been stored in samuel.johnson@imperial.ac.uk 1 #12;our brains previously (not very credible). Here wearXiv:1007.3122v2[q-bio.NC]30Jan2013 Robust Short-Term Memory without Synaptic Learning Samuel Johnson1,2, , J. Marro3 , and Joaqu´in J. Torres3 1 Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, SW

  4. An assay of duck hepatitis virus induced interferon, produced in duck embryo fibro-blasts which have experienced short term treatment with DDT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauder, Richard Burgess

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN ASSAY OP DUCK HEPATITIS VIRUS INDUCED INTERFERON, PRODUCED IN DUCK EMBRYO FIBROBLASTS WHICH HAVE EXPERIENCED SHORT TERM TREATMENT WITH DDT A Thesis by BURGESS BAUDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial... WITH DDT A Thesi. s by /'. ". " . "i BURGESS BAUDER Approved as to style and content by: (Chairm of Committee) (Head of Depar ent) (Member) (Member) (Member) August 1973 ABSTRACT An Assay of Duck Hepatitis Virus Induced Interferon, Produced...

  5. PSTAR: Primary and secondary terms analysis and renormalization: A unified approach to building energy simulations and short-term monitoring: A summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes a longer report entitled PSTAR - Primary and Secondary Terms Analysis and Renormalization. A Unified Approach to Building Energy Simulations and Short-Term Monitoring. These reports highlight short-term testing for predicting long-term performance of residential buildings. In the PSTAR method, renormalized parameters are introduced for the primary terms such that the renormalized energy balance equation is best satisfied in the least squares sense; hence, the name PSTAR. Testing and monitoring the energy performance of buildings has several important applications, among them: extrapolation to long-term performance, refinement of design tools through feedback from comparing design versus actual parameters, building-as-a-calorimeter for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) diagnostics, and predictive load control. By combining realistic building models, simple test procedures, and analysis involving linear equations, PSTAR provides a powerful tool for analyzing building energy as well as testing and monitoring. It forms the basis for the Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) project at SERI. 3 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Polar axis solar collector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ludlow, G.T.

    1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A polar column solar collector is described for use in association with a building, the system having a concave mirror located on the exterior of the building and defining a focal point and a central axis, a mounting column secured to the mirror coaxial therewith, a polar axis column, a hinge swingably connecting the mounting column to the polar axis column for moving the concave mirror to aim it directly at the sun at least over a predetermined period of the daylight hours, a secondary reflector located at the focal point of the concave mirror to receive the sun's rays reflected from the concave mirror, an opening in the concave mirror to receive a concentrated beam of the sun's rays reflected from the secondary reflector and to direct the beam along the mounting column, a third reflector movably located at the junction of the mounting column and the polar axis column to receive the concentrated beam of the sun's rays from the secondary reflector reflected through the opening, and to redirect it along the polar axis column, and a polar column rotator for rotating at least a portion of the polar column to track the movement of the sun. 7 figs.

  7. Acute Respiratory Health Effects in Asthmatic and Nonasthmatic Children Associated with Short-Term Exposure to Air Pollutants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irwin, Mark E.

    -Term Exposure to Air Pollutants Author(s): Lisa Kan, Barry Wiggs, Mark Irwin, Irene Yee Source: The CanadianMemorandumof Intenton TransboundaryAir Pollution(1983). Impactassessment-Work Group I. Final Report,Section 4, pp. 1. Environ.Health Perspect.,63, 39-44. Whittemore,A.S., and Korn,E.L. (1980). Asthmaand air pollution

  8. The effect of short-term soy isoflavone supplementation on mRNA in localized prostate cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Jessica D.

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    matters as the reliability of data can be compromised by the source (e.g. cell lines or human tissue) and quality of mRNA (17,18). Although omics research continues to... steamed, roasted, or processed into different soy-?based products, ranging from more traditional soy foods (e.g. tofu, miso, tempeh, and soy milk) to second generation soy...

  9. Winchester/Camberley Homes New Construction Test House Design, Construction, and Short-Term Testing in a Mixed-Humid Climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mallav, D.; Wiehagen, J.; Wood, A.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NAHB Research Center partnered with production builder Winchester/Camberley Homes to build a DOE Building America New Construction Test House (NCTH). This single family, detached house, located in the mixed-humid climate zone of Silver Spring, MD, was completed in June 2011. The primary goal for this house was to improve energy efficiency by 30% over the Building America B10 benchmark by developing and implementing an optimized energy solutions package design that could be cost effectively and reliably constructed on a production basis using quality management practices. The intent of this report is to outline the features of this house, discuss the implementation of the energy efficient design, and report on short-term testing results. During the interactive design process of this project, numerous iterations of the framing, air sealing, insulation, and space conditioning systems were evaluated for energy performance, cost, and practical implementation. The final design featured numerous advanced framing techniques, high levels of insulation, and the HVAC system entirely within conditioned space. Short-term testing confirmed a very tight thermal envelope and efficient and effective heating and cooling. In addition, relevant heating, cooling, humidity, energy, and wall cavity moisture data will be collected and presented in a future long-term report.

  10. Vertical axis wind turbines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krivcov, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Krivospitski, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Maksimov, Vasili (Miass, RU); Halstead, Richard (Rohnert Park, CA); Grahov, Jurij (Miass, RU)

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A vertical axis wind turbine is described. The wind turbine can include a top ring, a middle ring and a lower ring, wherein a plurality of vertical airfoils are disposed between the rings. For example, three vertical airfoils can be attached between the upper ring and the middle ring. In addition, three more vertical airfoils can be attached between the lower ring and the middle ring. When wind contacts the vertically arranged airfoils the rings begin to spin. By connecting the rings to a center pole which spins an alternator, electricity can be generated from wind.

  11. ANNOUNCEMENT Short-Term Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

    to reduction in underground-based carbon resources. This has propelled the development of advanced engine-treatment such as selective catalyst reduction and NOx storage catalysts Oxidation catalysts for VOC, and hydrocarbon-2). There will be a book exhibition on one evening. The first day of the course i.e. 28th June will be for the field visit

  12. ANNOUNCEMENT Short-Term Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

    to reduction in underground-based carbon resources. This has propelled the development of advanced engine traps Selective catalytic reduction technique NOx storage catalysts engine system strategies will be for the field visit to Engine Development Directorate, RDSO Lucknow, Ministry of Railways (Not compulsory

  13. ANNOUNCEMENT Short-Term Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

    to reduction in underground- based carbon resources. This has propelled the development of advanced engine traps Selective catalytic reduction technique NOx storage catalysts engine system strategies will be for the field visit to Engine Development Directorate, RDSO Lucknow, Ministry of Railways (Not compulsory

  14. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsShedding LightShinyShorei

  15. Short-Term Energy Outlook

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsShedding LightShinyShorei

  16. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April19.Data Series: Proved Reserves

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 13 13

  18. Short-Term Energy Outlook

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 13 133 1

  19. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 13(STEO)

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13

  2. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 1 December

  3. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 1

  4. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  5. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13June 2014

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13June 2014

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13June

  10. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13June(STEO)

  11. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13June(STEO)4

  12. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OMB No.Despite dropnatural

  13. Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy for High-Risk Prostate Cancer: Outcomes in Modern Era With Short-Term Androgen Deprivation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liauw, Stanley L., E-mail: sliauw@radonc.uchicago.ed [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (United States); Stadler, Walter M. [Department of Medical Oncology, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (United States); Correa, David B.S.; Weichselbaum, Ralph R. [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (United States); Jani, Ashesh B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Randomized data have supported the use of long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) combined with radiotherapy (RT) for men with high-risk prostate cancer. The present study reviewed the outcomes of intermediate- and high-risk men treated with RT and short-term ADT. Materials and Methods: A total of 184 men with any single risk factor of prostate-specific antigen >=10 ng/mL, clinical Stage T2b or greater, or Gleason score >=7 were treated with primary external beam RT for nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate. The median radiation dose was 74 Gy; 55% were treated with intensity-modulated RT. All patients received ADT for 1 to 6 months (median, 4), consisting of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed for risk factors, including T stage, Gleason score, radiation dose, and prostate-specific antigen level. Results: With a median follow-up of 51 months, the 4-year freedom from biochemical failure (FFBF) using the nadir plus 2 ng/mL definition was 83% for all patients. Clinical Stage T3 disease was the only variable tested associated with FFBF on univariate (4-year FFBF rate, 46% vs. 87% for Stage T1-T2c disease; p = .0303) and multivariable analysis (hazard ratio, 3.9; p = .0016). On a subset analysis of high-risk patients (National Comprehensive Cancer Network criteria), those with clinical Stage T3 disease (4-year FFBF rate, 46% vs. 80%; p = .0303) and a radiation dose <74 Gy (4-year FFBF rate, 64% vs. 80%) had a poorer outcome on univariate analysis. However, clinical Stage T3 disease and radiation dose were not significant on multivariable analysis, although a statistical multivariable trend was seen for both (p = .0650 and p = .0597, respectively). Conclusion: Short-term ADT and RT might be acceptable for men with intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer, especially for clinically localized disease treated with doses of >=74 Gy.

  14. Effect of short-term exposure to dichlorvos on synaptic plasticity of rat hippocampal slices: Involvement of acylpeptide hydrolase and {alpha}{sub 7} nicotinic receptors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olmos, Cristina; Sandoval, Rodrigo [Laboratory of Environmental Neurotoxicology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, 178-1421 Coquimbo (Chile); Rozas, Carlos [Laboratory of Neurosciences, Department of Biology, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Alameda 3363, Santiago (Chile); Navarro, Sebastian [Laboratory of Environmental Neurotoxicology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, 178-1421 Coquimbo (Chile); Wyneken, Ursula [Laboratory of Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Los Andes, San Carlos de Apoquindo 2200, Santiago (Chile); Zeise, Marc [School of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Santiago de Chile, Alameda 3363, Santiago (Chile); Morales, Bernardo [Laboratory of Neurosciences, Department of Biology, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Alameda 3363, Santiago (Chile); Pancetti, Floria [Laboratory of Environmental Neurotoxicology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, 178-1421 Coquimbo (Chile)], E-mail: pancetti@ucn.cl

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dichlorvos is the active molecule of the pro-drug metrifonate used to revert the cognitive deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease. A few years ago it was reported that dichlorvos inhibits the enzyme acylpeptide hydrolase at lower doses than those necessary to inhibit acetylcholinesterase to the same extent. Therefore, the aim of our investigation was to test the hypothesis that dichlorvos can enhance synaptic efficacy through a mechanism that involves acylpeptide hydrolase instead of acetylcholinesterase inhibition. We used long-term potentiation induced in rat hippocampal slices as a model of synaptic plasticity. Our results indicate that short-term exposures (20 min) to 50 {mu}M dichlorvos enhance long-term potentiation in about 200% compared to the control condition. This effect is correlated with approximately 60% inhibition of acylpeptide hydrolase activity, whereas acetylcholinesterase activity remains unaffected. Paired-pulse facilitation and inhibition experiments indicate that dichlorvos does not have any presynaptic effect in the CA3 {yields} CA1 pathway nor affect gabaergic interneurons. Interestingly, the application of 100 nM methyllicaconitine, an {alpha}{sub 7} nicotinic receptor antagonist, blocked the enhancing effect of dichlorvos on long-term potentiation. These results indicate that under the exposure conditions described above, dichlorvos enhances long-term potentiation through a postsynaptic mechanism that involves (a) the inhibition of the enzyme acylpeptide hydrolase and (b) the modulation of {alpha}{sub 7} nicotinic receptors.

  15. SOURCE?

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), is an open-source code package designed to be a common, low-cost, standardized tool...

  16. Food habits of axis deer (Axis axis) on the Coastal Plain, Calhoun County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, John Clarence

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluctuations in annual rainfall occur on the study area. Data for 1958 to 1970 were from U. S. Weather Bureau records for Port O' Connor, Texas. 30 Climograph comparing monthly temperature and precipitation at New Delhi, India and Port O' Connor, Texas... bite technique was used to aid in determining the food preference of axis deer. During 156 hours a tame axis doe took 324, 000 bites. Thirty-eight axis deer and 11 white-tailed deer were collected for rumen analysis during the study. Acorns were...

  17. Vertical axis wind turbine airfoil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krivcov, Vladimir; Krivospitski, Vladimir; Maksimov, Vasili; Halstead, Richard; Grahov, Jurij Vasiljevich

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A vertical axis wind turbine airfoil is described. The wind turbine airfoil can include a leading edge, a trailing edge, an upper curved surface, a lower curved surface, and a centerline running between the upper surface and the lower surface and from the leading edge to the trailing edge. The airfoil can be configured so that the distance between the centerline and the upper surface is the same as the distance between the centerline and the lower surface at all points along the length of the airfoil. A plurality of such airfoils can be included in a vertical axis wind turbine. These airfoils can be vertically disposed and can rotate about a vertical axis.

  18. MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS By CENK SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS Thesis Approved: ___________________________________________ Thesis Adviser scale test data. The short-term behavior of ground-coupled heat pump systems is important for the design

  19. Medial Axis Local Planner: Local Planning for Medial Axis Roadmaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manavi, Kasra Mehron

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    is the Probabilistic Roadman Method (PRM), which generates a graph of the free space of an environment referred to as a roadmap. In this work we describe a new approach to making high clearance paths when using PRM The medial axis is useful for this since...

  20. Two-axis angular effector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vaughn, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM); Phelan, John R. (Albuquerque, NM); Van Zuiden, Don M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A new class of coplanar two-axis angular effectors. These effectors combine a two-axis rotational joint analogous to a Cardan joint with linear actuators in a manner to produce a wider range of rotational motion about both axes defined by the joint. This new class of effectors also allows design of robotic manipulators having very high strength and efficiency. These effectors are particularly suited for remote operation in unknown surroundings, because of their extraordinary versatility. An immediate application is to the problems which arise in nuclear waste remediation.

  1. Vibration Analysis of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blade , S.Tullis 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullis, Stephen

    Vibration Analysis of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blade K. Mc Laren 1 , S.Tullis 2 and S.Ziada 3 1 vibration source of a small-scale vertical axis wind turbine currently undergoing field-testing. The turbine at a blade-tip speed ratio (the ratio of the blade rotational velocity to the ambient wind velocity) of 1

  2. CFD Simulation of Dynamic Thrust and Radial Forces on a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullis, Stephen

    CFD Simulation of Dynamic Thrust and Radial Forces on a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blade K. Mc vibration source of a small scale vertical axis wind turbine. The dynamic loading on the blades of the turbine, as they rotate about the central shaft and travel through a range of relative angles of attack

  3. AXI LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindey Wind6:00-06:00 U.S.ratios inAS 42.05,AXI LLC Jump to:

  4. PACER -- A fast running computer code for the calculation of short-term containment/confinement loads following coolant boundary failure. Volume 2: User information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sienicki, J.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Reactor Engineering Div.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Reactor Engineering Div.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fast running and simple computer code has been developed to calculate pressure loadings inside light water reactor containments/confinements under loss-of-coolant accident conditions. PACER was originally developed to calculate containment/confinement pressure and temperature time histories for loss-of-coolant accidents in Soviet-designed VVER reactors and is relevant to the activities of the US International Nuclear Safety Center. The code employs a multicompartment representation of the containment volume and is focused upon application to early time containment phenomena during and immediately following blowdown. PACER has been developed for FORTRAN 77 and earlier versions of FORTRAN. The code has been successfully compiled and executed on SUN SPARC and Hewlett-Packard HP-735 workstations provided that appropriate compiler options are specified. The code incorporates both capabilities built around a hardwired default generic VVER-440 Model V230 design as well as fairly general user-defined input. However, array dimensions are hardwired and must be changed by modifying the source code if the number of compartments/cells differs from the default number of nine. Detailed input instructions are provided as well as a description of outputs. Input files and selected output are presented for two sample problems run on both HP-735 and SUN SPARC workstations.

  5. Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility | National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  6. Helical axis stellarator with noninterlocking planar coils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reiman, Allan (Princeton, NJ); Boozer, Allen H. (Rocky Hill, NJ)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A helical axis stellarator using only noninterlocking planar, non-circular coils, generates magnetic fields having a magnetic well and large rotational transform with resultant large equilibrium beta.

  7. The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP): A Public/Private Partnership for Improving Short Term Wind Energy Forecasts and Quantifying the Benefits of Utility Operations the Southern Study Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freedman, Jeffrey M.; Manobianco, John; Schroeder, John; Ancell, Brian; Brewster, Keith; Basu, Sukanta; Banunarayanan, Venkat; Hodge, Bri-Mathias; Flores, Isabel

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This Final Report presents a comprehensive description, findings, and conclusions for the Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP)--Southern Study Area (SSA) work led by AWS Truepower (AWST). This multi-year effort, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), focused on improving short-term (15-minute 6 hour) wind power production forecasts through the deployment of an enhanced observation network of surface and remote sensing instrumentation and the use of a state-of-the-art forecast modeling system. Key findings from the SSA modeling and forecast effort include: 1. The AWST WFIP modeling system produced an overall 10 20% improvement in wind power production forecasts over the existing Baseline system, especially during the first three forecast hours; 2. Improvements in ramp forecast skill, particularly for larger up and down ramps; 3. The AWST WFIP data denial experiments showed mixed results in the forecasts incorporating the experimental network instrumentation; however, ramp forecasts showed significant benefit from the additional observations, indicating that the enhanced observations were key to the model systems ability to capture phenomena responsible for producing large short-term excursions in power production; 4. The OU CAPS ARPS simulations showed that the additional WFIP instrument data had a small impact on their 3-km forecasts that lasted for the first 5-6 hours, and increasing the vertical model resolution in the boundary layer had a greater impact, also in the first 5 hours; and 5. The TTU simulations were inconclusive as to which assimilation scheme (3DVAR versus EnKF) provided better forecasts, and the additional observations resulted in some improvement to the forecasts in the first 1 3 hours.

  8. QIP Short Term Course Application of Renewable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Delhi - 110016, India Course contents Fundamentals of solar radiation Solar cell material CO2 mitigation and credit PV modules/arrays Batteries Hybrid systems (wind, hydro etc.) Life cycle cost

  9. APPLICATION FORM Short term course on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

    Address: Prof. Tapan K. Sengupta High Performance Computing Lab Department of Aerospace Venue : IIT Kanpur, Kanpur Organized by: High Performance Computing Lab, Dept. of Aerospace Engineering

  10. Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    by the U.S. Supreme Court reversing a lower court opinion that vacated the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR). CSAPR will replace the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR). The...

  11. Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site.1 Relative Standard ErrorsSeptember 24, 2014 MEMORANDUM7,5:January

  12. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2013 2014 2015 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC World Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Production Growth...

  13. August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5AreOil andMarket Module

  14. September 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a eviequestionnairesMillionNovember 20006 Table

  15. Short Term Energy Outlook ,November 2002

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a eviequestionnairesMillionNovemberData

  16. Short Term Energy Outlook ,October 2002

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a eviequestionnairesMillionNovemberDataOctober 2002 1

  17. Short Term Energy Outlook, December 2002

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a eviequestionnairesMillionNovemberDataOctober 2002

  18. Short Term Energy Outlook, February 2003

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 1

  19. Short Term Energy Outlook, January 2003

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 13 1

  20. Short Term Energy Outlook, March 2003

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002 13 13 13 1

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹00

  2. Short-Term Energy Outlook February 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹004 1

  3. Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹004 1(STEO)

  4. Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹004

  5. Short-Term Energy Outlook June 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹0041 June

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook March 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹0041

  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹0041(STEO)

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctoberOutlook September

  10. Tuning the DARHT Axis-II linear induction accelerator focusing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ekdahl, Carl A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Flash radiography of large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives is a well-known diagnostic technique in use at many laboratories, and the Dual-Axis Radiography for Hydrodynamic Testing (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos produces flash radiographs of large hydrodynamic experiments. Two linear induction accelerators (LIAs) make the bremsstrahlung radiographic source spots for orthogonal views of each test. The 2-kA, 20-MeV Axis-I LIA creates a single 60-ns radiography pulse. The 1.7-kA, 16.5-MeV Axis-II LIA creates up to four radiography pulses by kicking them out of a longer pulse that has a 1.6-{mu}s flattop. The Axis-II injector, LIA, kicker, and downstream transport (DST) to the bremsstrahlung converter are described. Adjusting the magnetic focusing and steering elements to optimize the electron-beam transport through an LIA is often called 'tuning.' As in all high-current LIAs, the focusing field is designed to be as close to that of the ideal continuous solenoid as physically possible. In ideal continuous solenoidal transport a smoothly varying beam size can easily be found for which radial forces balance, and the beam is said to be 'matched' to the focusing field. A 'mismatched' beam exhibits unwanted oscillations in size, which are a source of free energy that contributes to emittance growth. This is undesirable, because in the absence of beam-target effects, the radiographic spot size is proportional to the emittance. Tuning the Axis-II LIA is done in two steps. First, the solenoidal focusing elements are set to values designed to provide a matched beam with little or no envelope oscillations, and little or no beam-breakup (BBU) instability growth. Then, steering elements are adjusted to minimize the motion of the centroid of a well-centered beam at the LIA exit. This article only describes the design of the tune for the focusing solenoids. The DARHT Axis-II LIA was required to be re-tuned after installing an accelerator cell to replace a failed solenoid in March of 2012. We took advantage of this opportunity to improve the design of the focusing tune with better models of the remaining partially failed solenoids, better estimates of beam initial conditions, and better values for pulsed-power voltages. As with all previous tunes for Axis-II, this one incorporates measures to mitigate beam-breakup (BBU) instability, image displacement instability (IDI), corkscrew (sweep), and emittance growth. Section II covers the general approach to of design of focusing solenoid tunes for the DARHT Axis-2 LIA. Section III explains the specific requirements and simulations needed to design the tune for the injector, which includes the thermionic electron source, diode, and six induction cells. Section IV explains the requirements and simulations for tuning the main accelerator, which consists of 68 induction cells. Finally, Section V explores sensitivity of the tune to deviations of parameters from nominal, random variations, and uncertainties in values. Four appendices list solenoid settings for this new tune, discuss comparisons of different simulation codes, show halo formation in mismatched beams, and present a brief discussion of the beam envelope equation, which is the heart of the method used to design LIA solenoid tunes.

  11. Automatic 5-axis NC toolpath generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramaniam, Mahadevan, 1976-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite over a decade of research, automatic toolpath generation has remained an elusive goal for 5-axis NC machining. This thesis describes the theoretical and practical issues associated with generating collision free ...

  12. Jet shapes with the broadening axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larkoski, Andrew James

    Broadening is a classic jet observable that probes the transverse momentum structure of jets. Traditionally, broadening has been measured with respect to the thrust axis, which is aligned along the (hemisphere) jet momentum ...

  13. Air dispersion modeling of particulate matter from ground-level area sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meister, Michael Todd

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    obtained from a dispersion model. The model currently approved by EPA, the Industrial Source Complex, Version 3 - Short Term (ISC3-ST), over-predicts downwind concentrations of PM by as much two orders of magnitude. As a result, a facility may be denied a...

  14. Actuator assembly including a single axis of rotation locking member

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Quitmeyer, James N.; Benson, Dwayne M.; Geck, Kellan P.

    2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    An actuator assembly including an actuator housing assembly and a single axis of rotation locking member fixedly attached to a portion of the actuator housing assembly and an external mounting structure. The single axis of rotation locking member restricting rotational movement of the actuator housing assembly about at least one axis. The single axis of rotation locking member is coupled at a first end to the actuator housing assembly about a Y axis and at a 90.degree. angle to an X and Z axis providing rotation of the actuator housing assembly about the Y axis. The single axis of rotation locking member is coupled at a second end to a mounting structure, and more particularly a mounting pin, about an X axis and at a 90.degree. angle to a Y and Z axis providing rotation of the actuator housing assembly about the X axis. The actuator assembly is thereby restricted from rotation about the Z axis.

  15. Sandia Energy - Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Rotors Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Wind Energy Offshore Wind Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Rotors Innovative...

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: horizontal-axis wind turbine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    horizontal-axis wind turbine Study Compares Floating-Platform Options for Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines On December 3, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events, Partnership,...

  17. Sandia Energy - Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Rotors Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Wind Energy Offshore Wind Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine...

  18. Enclosed, off-axis solar concentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benitez, Pablo; Grip, Robert E; Minano, Juan C; Narayanan, Authi A; Plesniak, Adam; Schwartz, Joel A

    2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar concentrator including a housing having receiving wall, a reflecting wall and at least two end walls, the receiving, reflecting and end walls defining a three-dimensional volume having an inlet, wherein a vertical axis of the housing is generally perpendicular to the inlet, a receiver mounted on the receiving wall of the housing, the receiver including at least one photovoltaic cell, wherein a vertical axis of the receiver is disposed at a non-zero angle relative to the vertical axis of the housing, at least one clip disposed on the reflecting wall an optical element received within the three-dimensional volume, the optical element including at least one tab, the tab being engaged by the clip to align the optical element with the receiver, and a window received over the inlet to enclose the housing.

  19. A low order model for vertical axis wind turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drela, Mark

    A new computational model for initial sizing and performance prediction of vertical axis wind turbines

  20. Short-Term Exchange Financial Statement Non-degree, Short-Term, Special Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for tuition with the estimated cost of your program. Do the same for each category A-G even if you to discuss Visa alternatives. STUDENT INFORMATION LAST/FAMILY NAME, capitalized First/Given Name Middle Name information regarding health insurance visit the ISSS website at http://www.vanderbilt.edu/isss/resources

  1. High payload six-axis load sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jansen, John F. (Knoxville, TN); Lind, Randall F. (Knoxville, TN)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A repairable high-payload six-axis load sensor includes a table, a base, and at least three shear-pin load transducers removably mounted between the table and the base. Removable mounting permits easy replacement of damaged shear pins. Preferably, the shear-pin load transducers are responsive to shear forces imparted along the two axes perpendicular to an axis of minimum sensitivity characteristic of the transducer. Responsive to an applied shear force, each shear-pin load transducer can produce an electrical signal proportional to the reaction force. The load sensor can further include a structure for receiving the proportional electrical signals and computing the applied load corresponding to the proportional electrical signals. The computed load can be expressed in terms of a three-dimensional XYZ Cartesian coordinate system.

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: vertical-axis wind turbine research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    vertical-axis wind turbine research Sandia Vertical-Axis Wind-Turbine Research Presented at Science of Making Torque from Wind Conference On July 8, 2014, in Computational Modeling...

  3. Vertical axis wind turbine with continuous blade angle adjustment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Samuel Bruce

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author presents a concept for a vertical axis wind turbine that utilizes each blade's entire rotational cycle for power generation. Each blade has its own vertical axis of rotation and is constrained to rotate at the ...

  4. Subhas Chandra Bose: darling of the Axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Marshall Jay

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bose's Memorandum Of Interest To The Nazis Difficult Days In Berlin 110 118 132 CHAPTER The Voice Of Indian Fascism The Fauj End Of A Dream Page 137 150 164 Volume II TABLE OF CONTENTS VI DARLING OF THE AXIS ill 169 Japan: The Tiny... Superpower Indian Nationalists Look To Japan The Story Of Nohan Singh Bose Looks East Bose Becomes Established In Asia VII NOBODY'S DARLING 169 176 182 192 201 214 "Free India" At Last Noney For The Novement On To Delhi Nother India In Turmoil...

  5. Three-axis asymmetric radiation detector system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martini, Mario Pierangelo (Oak Ridge, TN); Gedcke, Dale A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Raudorf, Thomas W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Sangsingkeow, Pat (Knoxville, TN)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A three-axis radiation detection system whose inner and outer electrodes are shaped and positioned so that the shortest path between any point on the inner electrode and the outer electrode is a different length whereby the rise time of a pulse derived from a detected radiation event can uniquely define the azimuthal and radial position of that event, and the outer electrode is divided into a plurality of segments in the longitudinal axial direction for locating the axial location of a radiation detection event occurring in the diode.

  6. Axis Technologies Group Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtria PowerAxeon Technology Ltd JumpAxis

  7. AXIS: An instrument for imaging Compton radiographs using the Advanced Radiography Capability on the NIF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, G. N., E-mail: hall98@llnl.gov; Izumi, N.; Tommasini, R.; Carpenter, A. C.; Palmer, N. E.; Zacharias, R.; Felker, B.; Holder, J. P.; Allen, F. V.; Bell, P. M.; Bradley, D.; Montesanti, R.; Landen, O. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Compton radiography is an important diagnostic for Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), as it provides a means to measure the density and asymmetries of the DT fuel in an ICF capsule near the time of peak compression. The AXIS instrument (ARC (Advanced Radiography Capability) X-ray Imaging System) is a gated detector in development for the National Ignition Facility (NIF), and will initially be capable of recording two Compton radiographs during a single NIF shot. The principal reason for the development of AXIS is the requirement for significantly improved detection quantum efficiency (DQE) at high x-ray energies. AXIS will be the detector for Compton radiography driven by the ARC laser, which will be used to produce Bremsstrahlung X-ray backlighter sources over the range of 50 keV200 keV for this purpose. It is expected that AXIS will be capable of recording these high-energy x-rays with a DQE several times greater than other X-ray cameras at NIF, as well as providing a much larger field of view of the imploded capsule. AXIS will therefore provide an image with larger signal-to-noise that will allow the density and distribution of the compressed DT fuel to be measured with significantly greater accuracy as ICF experiments are tuned for ignition.

  8. Vertical axis wind turbine control strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNerney, G.M.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Early expensive in automatic operation of the Sandia 17-m vertical axis research wind turbine (VAWT) has demonstrated the need for a systematic study of control algorithms. To this end, a computer model has been developed that uses actual wind time series and turbine performance data to calculate the power produced by the Sandia 17-m VAWT operating in automatic control. The model has been used to investigate the influence of starting algorithms on annual energy production. The results indicate that, depending on turbine and local wind characteristics, a bad choice of a control algorithm can significantly reduce overall energy production. The model can be used to select control algorithms and threshold parameters that maximize long-term energy production. An attempt has been made to generalize these results from local site and turbine characteristics to obtain general guidelines for control algorithm design.

  9. Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kenneth C. (201 W. California Ave., #401, Sunnyvale, CA 94086)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion.

  10. Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kenneth C. (201 W. California Ave. #705, Sunnyvale, CA 94086)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion.

  11. Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, K.C.

    1992-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion. 16 figs.

  12. Three-dimensional Numerical Analysis on Blade Response of Vertical Axis Tidal Current Turbine Under Operational Condition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Ye; Karri, Naveen K.; Wang, Qi

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Tidal power as a large-scale renewable source of energy has been receiving significant attention recently because of its advantages over the wind and other renewal energy sources. The technology used to harvest energy from tidal current is called a tidal current turbine. Though some of the principles of wind turbine design are applicable to tidal current turbines, the design of latter ones need additional considerations like cavitation damage, corrosion etc. for the long-term reliability of such turbines. Depending up on the orientation of axis, tidal current turbines can be classified as vertical axis turbines or horizontal axis turbines. Existing studies on the vertical axis tidal current turbine focus more on the hydrodynamic aspects of the turbine rather than the structural aspects. This paper summarizes our recent efforts to study the integrated hydrodynamic and structural aspects of the vertical axis tidal current turbines. After reviewing existing methods in modeling tidal current turbines, we developed a hybrid approach that combines discrete vortex method -finite element method that can simulate the integrated hydrodynamic and structural response of a vertical axis turbine. This hybrid method was initially employed to analyze a typical three-blade vertical axis turbine. The power coefficient was used to evaluate the hydrodynamic performance, and critical deflection was considered to evaluate the structural reliability. A sensitivity analysis was also conducted with various turbine height-to-radius ratios. The results indicate that both the power output and failure probability increase with the turbine height, suggesting a necessity for optimal design. An attempt to optimize a 3-blade vertical axis turbine design with hybrid method yielded a ratio of turbine height to radius (H/R) about 3.0 for reliable maximum power output.

  13. Control system for a vertical axis windmill

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brulle, Robert V. (St. Louis County, MO)

    1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A vertical axis windmill having a rotating structure is provided with a series of articulated vertical blades whose positions are controlled to maintain a constant RPM for the rotating structure, when wind speed is sufficient. A microprocessor controller is used to process information on wind speed, wind direction and RPM of the rotating structure to develop an electrical signal for establishing blade position. The preferred embodiment of the invention, when connected to a utility grid, is designed to generate 40 kilowatts of power when exposed to a 20 mile per hour wind. The control system for the windmill includes electrical blade actuators that modulate the blades of the rotating structure. Blade modulation controls the blade angle of attack, which in turn controls the RPM of the rotor. In the preferred embodiment, the microprocessor controller provides the operation logic and control functions. A wind speed sensor provides inputs to start or stop the windmill, and a wind direction sensor is used to keep the blade flip region at 90.degree. and 270.degree. to the wind. The control system is designed to maintain constant rotor RPM when wind speed is between 10 and 40 miles per hour.

  14. Yaw dynamics of horizontal axis wind turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, A.C. (Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Designers of a horizontal axis wind turbine yaw mechanism are faced with a difficult decision. They know that if they elect to use a yaw- controlled rotor then the system will suffer increased initial cost and increased inherent maintenance and reliability problems. On the other hand, if they elect to allow the rotor to freely yaw they known they will have to account for unknown and random, though bounded, yaw rates. They will have a higher-risk design to trade-off against the potential for cost savings and reliability improvement. The risk of a yaw-free system could be minimized if methods were available for analyzing and understanding yaw behavior. The complexity of yaw behavior has, until recently, discouraged engineers from developing a complete yaw analysis method. The objectives of this work are to (1) provide a fundamental understanding of free-yaw mechanics and the design concepts most effective at eliminating yaw problems, and (2) provide tested design tools and guidelines for use by free-yaw wind systems manufacturers. The emphasis is on developing practical and sufficiently accurate design methods.

  15. Three-axis particle impact probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Smith, Jr., Nelson S. (Morgantown, WV); Utt, Carroll E. (Morgantown, WV)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three-axis particle impact probes detect particle impact vectors along x-, y-, and z-axes by spherical probe head mounted on the outer end of a shaft that is flexibly mounted in silicone rubber at the top of a housing so as to enable motion imparted to the head upon impact to be transmitted to a grounded electrode secured to the shaft within the housing. Excitable electrodes are mounted in the housing in a fixed position, spaced apart from the ground electrode and forming, with the ground electrode, capacitor pairs. Movement of the ground electrode results in changes in capacitance, and these difference in capacitance are used for measurement or derivation of momentum vectors along each of the three axes. In one embodiment, the ground electrode is mounted at the base of the shaft and is secured to a silicone rubber layer at the top of the housing, providing for cantilevered movement. In another embodiment, the shaft is mounted at its mid point in a flexible bushing so that it undergoes pivotal movement around that point.

  16. 3, 55955658, 2003 Multi Axis Differential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) G. Honninger 1, * , C. von Friedeburg 1 , and U. Platt in contrast to spectroscopy using artificial light sources (i.e. active DOAS, Perner et al., 1976; Platt et al., 1979; Perner and Platt, 1979; Platt and Perner, 1980; Platt et al., 1980).25 Shortly after Dobson

  17. Event Rates for Off Axis NuMI Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Viren

    2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino interaction rates for experiments placed off axis in the NuMI beam are calculated. Primary proton beam energy is 120 GeV and four locations at 810 km from target and 6, 12, 30 and 40 km off axis are considered. This report is part of the Joint FNAL/BNL Future Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment Study.

  18. 3-Axis Magnetic Sensor Hybrid The Honeywell HMC2003 is a high sensitivity, three-axis magnetic sensor hybrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    3-Axis Magnetic Sensor Hybrid HMC2003 The Honeywell HMC2003 is a high sensitivity, three-axis magnetic sensor hybrid assembly used to measure low magnetic field strengths. Honeywell's most sensitive Reference, Traffic Detection, Proximity Detection and Medical Devices Honeywell continues to maintain

  19. Two-axis sagittal focusing monochromator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, Edwin G; Stelmach, Christopher; Zhong, Zhong

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An x-ray focusing device and method for adjustably focusing x-rays in two orthogonal directions simultaneously. The device and method can be operated remotely using two pairs of orthogonal benders mounted on a rigid, open frame such that x-rays may pass through the opening in the frame. The added x-ray flux allows significantly higher brightness from the same x-ray source.

  20. Off-axis illumination direct-to-digital holography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Clarence E.; Price, Jeffery R.; Voelkl, Edgar; Hanson, Gregory R.

    2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are described for off-axis illumination direct-to-digital holography. A method of recording an off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis, includes: reflecting a reference beam from a reference mirror at a non-normal angle; reflecting an object beam from an object at an angle with respect to an optical axis defined by a focusing lens; focusing the reference beam and the object beam at a focal plane of a digital recorder to form the off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; digitally recording the off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; Fourier analyzing the recorded off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes by transforming axes of the recorded off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes in Fourier space to sit on top of a heterodyne carrier frequency defined as an angle between the reference beam and the object beam; applying a digital filter to cut off signals around an original origin; and then performing an inverse Fourier transform.

  1. Dual-axis hole-drilling ESPI residual stress measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinzig, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schajer, Gary [UNIV OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel dual-axis ESPI hole-drilling residual stress measurement method is presented. The method enables the evaluation of all the in-plane normal stress components with similar response to measurement errors, significantly lower than with single-axis measurements. A numerical method is described that takes advantage of, and compactly handles, the additional optical data that are available from the second measurement axis. Experimental tests were conducted on a calibrated specimen to demonstrate the proposed method, and the results supported theoretical expectations.

  2. adrenal axis hpa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    off-axis jet model of GRBs, we can reproduce the observed unusual properties of the prompt emission of GRB980425, such as the extremely low isotropic equivalent gamma-ray...

  3. axis testis transcriptome: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    off-axis jet model of GRBs, we can reproduce the observed unusual properties of the prompt emission of GRB980425, such as the extremely low isotropic equivalent gamma-ray...

  4. axis rfp plasmas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    off-axis jet model of GRBs, we can reproduce the observed unusual properties of the prompt emission of GRB980425, such as the extremely low isotropic equivalent gamma-ray...

  5. Determination of Elastic Twist in Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines (HAWTs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoddard, F.; Nelson, V.; Starcher, K.; Andrews, B.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a project at the Alternative Energy Institute (AEI) which measured and calculated the elastic twist of three representative composite horizontal-axis blades: Carter 300, Gougeon ESI 54, and UTRC 8 kW.

  6. Magnetically suspended reaction sphere with one-axis hysteresis drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Lei., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the design, modeling, implementation, and control of a magnetically suspended reaction sphere with one-axis hysteresis drive (1D-MSRS). The goal of this project is two fold: (a) exploring the design ...

  7. EIS-0228: Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impact of a proposal to construct and operate theDual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)...

  8. A two axis mirror positioning system with quadrature encoder output

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodruff, Rick Bryan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was conducted in support of a solar concentrating technology that required the design and construction of a low cost, two axis rotational drive system with a resolution of one degree or better. The scope of ...

  9. axis rotating states: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Rotation speed and stellar axis inclination from p modes: How CoRoT would see other suns Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: In the...

  10. axis view techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 An Asymmetric, Energetic Type Ic Supernova Viewed Off-Axis, and a Link to Gamma-Ray Bursts Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: Type Ic supernovae, the explosions following the...

  11. Plasma ionization frequency, edge-to-axis density ratio, and density on axis of a cylindrical gas discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palacio Mizrahi, J. H. [Physics Department, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A rigorous derivation of expressions, starting from the governing equations, for the ionization frequency, edge-to-axis ratio of plasma density, plasma density at the axis, and radially averaged plasma density in a cylindrical gas discharge has been obtained. The derived expressions are simple and involve the relevant parameters of the discharge: Cylinder radius, axial current, and neutral gas pressure. The found expressions account for ion inertia, ion temperature, and changes in plasma ion collisionality.

  12. Hidden State and ShortTerm Memory: A bibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littman, Michael L.

    for hidden markov models. 1993. [ Baum et al., 1970 ] Leonard E. Baum, Ted Petrie, George Soules, and Norman. [ McCallum, 1992 ] R. Andrew McCallum. First results with utile distinction memory for re­ inforcement. [ Moore, 1991 ] Andrew W. Moore. Variable res­ olution dynamic programming: Efficiently learning action

  13. III. -ECONOMY Pig production : short-term prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    feed. The main price formation mechanisms on these markets are explained : the relationships between on the E.E.C. scene, formation of soyabean meal prices within the oil and protein crop complexand price forecasting H. MAROUBY LT.P., Service Economie, 34, bd de la Gare, 3150!0 Toulouse As pig price

  14. assess short term: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and demand response programs in wholesale power markets with congestion managed by locational marginal prices are derived from DC optimal power flow solutions for day-ahead...

  15. Short-term earthquake prediction by reverse analysis of lithosphere ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 13, 2005 ... a International Institute for Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Ac. Sci., Warshavskoe sh.,. 79, korp.

  16. Environmental Studies Short-Term Study Abroad Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papautsky, Ian

    GEOG263: People and Environment: Part III: Energy and Mineral Resources GEOG573: The Urban Habitat (3 & Policy EVST/POL602: Global Biodiversity Law & Policy (3 hrs) #12;

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office: Short-Term Lightweight Materials...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    face barriers in cost and manufacturing. Manufacturers also face issues with joining, corrosion, repair, and recycling when they combine aluminum with other materials. VTO has...

  18. Integrated Short Term Navigation of a Towed Underwater Body \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeGland, François

    is con­ sidered. An underwater body, to be called here­ after the fish, is towed by a surface ship centimeters, the trajectory of the fish relative to its otherwise unknown initial position, during a few­ cated on board of the fish, can be integrated. INS measurements are known to track accurately the high

  19. Integrated Short Term Navigation of a Towed Underwater Body*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeGland, François

    . An underwater body, to be called here- after the fish, is towed by a surface ship at the end of a few hundred of the fish relative to its otherwise unknown initial position, during a few minutes experiment, so, acceleration measurements pro- vided by an INS (inertial navigation system) lo- cated on board of the fish, can

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: Short-Term Lightweight Materials...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for advanced high-strength steel and show how it can be used in vehicles. With the US Automotive Materials Partnership (USAMP) and the Auto Steel Partnership, the Office is...

  1. Newporter Apartments: Deep Energy Retrofit Short-Term Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, A.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Lubliner, M.; Auer, D.; Clegg, Z.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project demonstrates a path to meet the goal of the Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30% in multi-family buildings. The project demonstrates cost effective energy savings targets as well as improved comfort and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) associated with deep energy retrofits by a large public housing authority as part of a larger rehabilitation effort. The project focuses on a typical 1960's vintage low-rise multi-family apartment community (120 units in three buildings).

  2. Long vs. short-term energy storage:sensitivity analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenung, Susan M. (Longitude 122 West, Inc., Menlo Park, CA); Hassenzahl, William V. (,Advanced Energy Analysis, Piedmont, CA)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report extends earlier work to characterize long-duration and short-duration energy storage technologies, primarily on the basis of life-cycle cost, and to investigate sensitivities to various input assumptions. Another technology--asymmetric lead-carbon capacitors--has also been added. Energy storage technologies are examined for three application categories--bulk energy storage, distributed generation, and power quality--with significant variations in discharge time and storage capacity. Sensitivity analyses include cost of electricity and natural gas, and system life, which impacts replacement costs and capital carrying charges. Results are presented in terms of annual cost, $/kW-yr. A major variable affecting system cost is hours of storage available for discharge.

  3. When Do I Report a Short Term Disability Claim?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    the patient may include information relating to any advice, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment or care of my, prescriptions or treatment, including x-ray plates and hospital records, records of drug or alcohol abuse and treatment, communicable disease, Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV), or Acquired Immune Deficiency

  4. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_short-term_amendments_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the same level of service under an existing power sales contract to the Intalco smelter in Ferndale, WA. These amendments would further extend this service for up to an...

  5. Conditional Reliability Modeling of Short-term River Basin Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, A.; Wurbs, R. A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , which are highly dependent on known current conditions of reservoir storage. 8 WRAP MODEL: Limitations 0 100 200 300 400 Jan-34 Jan-37 Jan-40 Jan-43 Jan-46 Jan-49 Jan-52 Jan-55 Jan-58 Jan-61 Jan-64 Jan-67 Jan-70 Jan-73 Jan-76 Jan-79 Jan-82 Jan-85 Jan... Q1 (Jan 1939) Q2 (Feb 1939) Q3 (Mar 1939) ? ? Qm (Dec 1939) Output 1 Simulation 2 Q1 (Jan 1940) Q2 (Feb 1940) Q3 (Mar 1940) ? ? Qm (Dec 1940) Output 2 Simulation n Q1 (Jan 2002) Q2 (Feb 2002) Q3 (Mar 2002) ? ? Qm (Dec 2002) Output n INITIAL CONDITION...

  6. SHORT-TERM EVOLUTION OF CORONAL HOLE BOUNDARIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krista, Larisza D.; Gallagher, Peter T.; Bloomfield, D. Shaun [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of open and closed field lines at coronal hole (CH) boundaries is widely accepted to be due to interchange magnetic reconnection. To date, it is unclear how the boundaries vary on short timescales and at what velocity this occurs. Here, we describe an automated boundary tracking method used to determine CH boundary displacements on short timescales. The boundary displacements were found to be isotropic and to have typical expansion/contraction speeds of {<=}2 km s{sup -1}, which indicate magnetic reconnection rates of {<=}3 x 10{sup -3}. The observed displacements were used in conjunction with the interchange reconnection model to derive typical diffusion coefficients of {<=}3 x 10{sup 13} cm{sup 2} s{sup -1}. These results are consistent with an interchange reconnection process in the low corona driven by the random granular motions of open and closed fields in the photosphere.

  7. Modular hybrid pier : fender system short term tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jerry Jing Peng

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lateral restraint system provided in this testing program was effective to prevent sidesway buckling

  8. Short-Term Operation Scheduling in Renewable-Powered Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bornemann, Jens

    existing algorithms; 2) an energy storage system (ESS) with suitable capacity contributes to the self. Cold start-up cost of a unit. Dual function. Forecasted demand in time interval . Emission function of a unit. CDF of wind power forecast error. Fuel cost function of a unit. Hot start-up cost of a unit. L

  9. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - April 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption SurveySurvey99253April

  10. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - April 2006

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption

  11. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - July 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1

  12. February 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5Values shown

  13. January 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarketsNov-14 Dec-14Has|Issues inU N E 1 5 , 2

  14. March 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400,Information Administration (EIA) Archive(STEO) Highlights

  15. December 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 42Q)2Q)6)2k(STEO) 

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office: Short-Term Lightweight Materials Research

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of Energy MicrosoftVOLUME I AThe

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 1999-Summer Gasoline Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹

  18. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2000--STEO Preface

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldonOctober 2002‹00 Summer

  19. Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest, Illinois:EdinburghEldorado IvanpahGasProject) | Open(Smart

  20. Short-Term Load Forecasting This paper discusses the state of the art in short-term load fore-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    spectrum of time intervals. In therange of seconds, when load variationsare small and random, the automatic by a number of generation control functions such as hydro scheduling, unit commitment, hydro-ther- mal present, functions such as fuel, hydro, and maintenance scheduling are performed to ensure that the load

  1. A Simplified Morphing Blade for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A Simplified Morphing Blade for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines Weijun WANG , Stephane CARO, Fouad salinas@hotmail.com The aim of designing wind turbine blades is to improve the power capture ability by adjusting the twist of the blade's root and tip. To evaluate the performance of wind turbine blades

  2. Vertical-axis wind turbines -- The current status of an old technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, D.E.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Vertical-axis wind turbine technology is not well understood, even though the earliest wind machines rotated about a vertical axis. The operating environment of a vertical-axis wind turbine is quite complex, but detailed analysis capabilities have been developed and verified over the last 30 years. Although vertical-axis technology has not been widely commercialized, it exhibits both advantages and disadvantages compared to horizontal-axis technology, and in some applications, it appears to offer significant advantages.

  3. An overview of craniospinal axis fields and field matching

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Robin L., E-mail: robinscott631@gmail.com

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many methods are implemented for craniospinal axis (CSA) radiation treatment (RT). This papers goal is to define correctly matched CSA RT fields. Overlap or a space between matched RT fields can create variances of dose and the possibility of negative side effects or disease recurrence, respectively. An accurate CSA RT match procedure is created with localization markers, immobilization devices, equations, feathered matches, safety gap, and portal imaging. A CS match angle is predetermined to optimize patient position before immobilization device fabrication. Various central axis (CA) placements within the brain and spine fields that effect gantry, table, and collimator rotation are described. An overview of the methods used to create CSA RT fields and matches is presented for optimal CSA RT implementation. In addition, to the authors knowledge, this is the first time that a prone CSA RT with anesthesia has been described.

  4. The NanoMax-TSTM three-axis stage offers an unmatched combination of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kik, Pieter

    555 Spacer Block to Raise Optical- Axis Height to 125-mm 17 AMA 554 ©2002 MELLES GRIOT MCE 1042 03 holes threaded M2 on 20 centers dimensions: millimeters 17 MAX 302 3-axis stage MELLES GRIOT

  5. Eye Movements During Multi-Axis Whole-Body Rotations CHRISTOPHER J. BOCKISCH,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haslwanter, Thomas

    Straumann, and Thomas Hasl- wanter. Eye movements during multi-axis whole-body rotations. J Neurophysiol 89

  6. Multi-Fidelity Uncertainty Quantification: Application to a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Under an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    Multi-Fidelity Uncertainty Quantification: Application to a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Under, USA Designing better vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) requires considering the uncertain wind cost. Low-fidelity tools are used extensively in the modeling of vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs)3

  7. A Low Order Model for Vertical Axis Wind Turbines Isaac M. Asher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    A Low Order Model for Vertical Axis Wind Turbines Isaac M. Asher , Mark Drela and Jaime Peraire and performance prediction of vertical axis wind turbines is presented. The model uses a 2D hybrid dynamic vortex perpendicular. z perpendicular to the plane (spanwise direction). I. Introduction Darrieus-type vertical axis

  8. Multidisciplinary Design Optimization for Glass-Fiber Epoxy-Matrix Composite 5 MW Horizontal-Axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    -Axis Wind-Turbine Blades M. Grujicic, G. Arakere, B. Pandurangan, V. Sellappan, A. Vallejo, and M. Ozen optimization, fatigue-life assessment, horizon- tal axis wind turbine blades 1. Introduction The depletion for the development of cost-effective glass-fiber reinforced epoxy-matrix composite 5 MW horizontal-axis wind-turbine

  9. Flux Distribution of a Single-Axis Tracking Parabolic Trough Array with Photovoltaic Receiver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . With single-axis tracking the incident solar rays are not in general perpendicular to the trough. NonFlux Distribution of a Single-Axis Tracking Parabolic Trough Array with Photovoltaic Receiver G 0200 Australia E-mail: gregory.burgess@anu.edu.au Abstract Single-axis tracking parabolic troughs

  10. Experimental investigation of the performance of a diffuser-augmented vertical axis wind turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Experimental investigation of the performance of a diffuser- augmented vertical axis wind turbine Experimental investigation of the performance of a diffuser-augmented vertical axis wind turbine by Arash The performance of a vertical axis wind turbine with and without a diffuser was studied using direct force

  11. Medial-Axis Biased Rapidly-Exploring Random Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greco, Evan

    2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    , 1998, 1998. [3] S. A. Wilmarth, N. M. Amato, and P. F. Stiller, MAPRM: A probabilistic roadmap planner with sampling on the medial axis of the free space. In Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. Autom. (ICRA), vol. 2, pp. 1024{1031, 1999. [4] J. J. Ku?ner and S.... M. LaValle, RRT-Connect: An ecient approach to single- query path planning. In Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. Autom. (ICRA), pp. 995{1001, 2000. [5] S. Rodriguez, X. Tang, J. M. Lien, and N. M. Amato, An obstacle-based rapidly- exploring random tree...

  12. Space variations in axis height of the jet stream core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leutwyler, Cooke Hearon

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    height, of 55 mb be- tween Model I (troughs) and Model II (ridges). However, the present models of the jet stream do not adequately describe the way a jet stream axis varies in height at a given time. The average presented by Reiter (1958... the Ridge cases, the standard deviation was smaller upstream from the reference height than it was downstream. Therefore the mean curves are more representative and useful as models upstream than they are downstream. C HAP TER I I I HEIGHT VARIATIONS...

  13. Off-Axis Parabola Inserter - Laboratory for Laser Energetics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Astrophysics One ofSpeeding access toSpeedingInnovationAxis

  14. Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch, NewYanceyYokayoYorktownYukon,Colorado:Z-Axis

  15. Shock margin testing of a one-axis MEMS accelerometer.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parson, Ted Blair; Tanner, Danelle Mary; Buchheit, Thomas Edward

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shock testing was performed on a selected commercial-off-the-shelf - MicroElectroMechanical System (COTS-MEMS) accelerometer to determine the margin between the published absolute maximum rating for shock and the 'measured' level where failures are observed. The purpose of this testing is to provide baseline data for isolating failure mechanisms under shock and environmental loading in a representative device used or under consideration for use within systems and assemblies of the DOD/DOE weapons complex. The specific device chosen for this study was the AD22280 model of the ADXL78 MEMS Accelerometer manufactured by Analog Devices Inc. This study focuses only on the shock loading response of the device and provides the necessary data for adding influence of environmental exposure to the reliability of this class of devices. The published absolute maximum rating for acceleration in any axis was 4000 G for this device powered or unpowered. Results from this study showed first failures at 8000 G indicating a margin of error of two. Higher shock level testing indicated that an in-plane, but off-axis acceleration was more damaging than one in the sense direction.

  16. IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullis, Stephen

    IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) is being studied at McMaster University using(VAWT) is being studied at McMaster University using a prototype wind turbine provided bya prototype wind turbine provided

  17. Dynamic behavior analysis for a six axis industrial machining robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bisu, Claudiu-Florinel; Grard, Alain; K'Nevez, Jean-Yves

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The six axis robots are widely used in automotive industry for their good repeatability (as defined in the ISO92983) (painting, welding, mastic deposition, handling etc.). In the aerospace industry, robot starts to be used for complex applications such as drilling, riveting, fiber placement, NDT, etc. Given the positioning performance of serial robots, precision applications require usually external measurement device with complexes calibration procedure in order to reach the precision needed. New applications in the machining field of composite material (aerospace, naval, or wind turbine for example) intend to use off line programming of serial robot without the use of calibration or external measurement device. For those applications, the position, orientation and path trajectory precision of the tool center point of the robot are needed to generate the machining operation. This article presents the different conditions that currently limit the development of robots in robotic machining applications. We ana...

  18. Nonlinear characterization of a single-axis acoustic levitator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrade, Marco A. B. [Institute of Physics, University of So Paulo, So Paulo (Brazil)] [Institute of Physics, University of So Paulo, So Paulo (Brazil); Ramos, Tiago S.; Okina, Fbio T. A.; Adamowski, Julio C. [Department of Mechatronics and Mechanical Systems Engineering, Escola Politcnica, University of So Paulo, So Paulo (Brazil)] [Department of Mechatronics and Mechanical Systems Engineering, Escola Politcnica, University of So Paulo, So Paulo (Brazil)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonlinear behavior of a 20.3 kHz single-axis acoustic levitator formed by a Langevin transducer with a concave radiating surface and a concave reflector is experimentally investigated. In this study, a laser Doppler vibrometer is applied to measure the nonlinear sound field in the air gap between the transducer and the reflector. Additionally, an electronic balance is used in the measurement of the acoustic radiation force on the reflector as a function of the distance between the transducer and the reflector. The experimental results show some effects that cannot be described by the linear acoustic theory, such as the jump phenomenon, harmonic generation, and the hysteresis effect. The influence of these nonlinear effects on the acoustic levitation of small particles is discussed.

  19. Dual-axis resonance testing of wind turbine blades

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hughes, Scott; Musial, Walter; White, Darris

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus (100) for fatigue testing test articles (104) including wind turbine blades. The apparatus (100) includes a test stand (110) that rigidly supports an end (106) of the test article (104). An actuator assembly (120) is attached to the test article (104) and is adapted for substantially concurrently imparting first and second forcing functions in first and second directions on the test article (104), with the first and second directions being perpendicular to a longitudinal axis. A controller (130) transmits first and second sets of displacement signals (160, 164) to the actuator assembly (120) at two resonant frequencies of the test system (104). The displacement signals (160, 164) initiate the actuator assembly (120) to impart the forcing loads to concurrently oscillate the test article (104) in the first and second directions. With turbine blades, the blades (104) are resonant tested concurrently for fatigue in the flapwise and edgewise directions.

  20. axis hpa function: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    We calculate the prompt x-ray emission as a function of viewing angle for beamed Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) sources. Prompt x-rays are inevitable due to the less highly blueshifted...

  1. Hydrodynamic analysis of a vertical axis tidal current turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gretton, Gareth I.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tidal currents can be used as a predictable source of sustainable energy, and have the potential to make a useful contribution to the energy needs of the UK and other countries with such a resource. One of the technologies ...

  2. Using Entrez Utilities Web Service with Apache Axis2 for Java Creating a Web Service Client Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Judith G.

    Using Entrez Utilities Web Service with Apache Axis2 for Java Creating a Web Service Client Entrez Utilities Web Service using Axis2 for Java. Preinstalled Software You should have Apache Axis2.sh shell script file on Linux) in the bin directory of Axis2 installation. You will use it to generate Web

  3. Seismic sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Green, M.A.; Cook, N.G.W.; McEvilly, T.V.; Majer, E.L.; Witherspoon, P.A.

    1987-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus is described for placement in a borehole in the earth, which enables the generation of closely controlled seismic waves from the borehole. Pure torsional shear waves are generated by an apparatus which includes a stator element fixed to the borehole walls and a rotor element which is electrically driven to rapidly oscillate on the stator element to cause reaction forces transmitted through the borehole walls to the surrounding earth. Longitudinal shear waves are generated by an armature that is driven to rapidly oscillate along the axis of the borehole, to cause reaction forces transmitted to the surrounding earth. Pressure waves are generated by electrically driving pistons that press against opposite ends of a hydraulic reservoir that fills the borehole. High power is generated by energizing the elements for more than about one minute. 9 figs.

  4. Control system for a vertical-axis windmill

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brulle, R.V.

    1981-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A vertical-axis windmill having a rotating structure is provided with a series of articulated vertical blades whose positions are controlled to maintain a constant RPM for the rotating structure, when wind speed is sufficient. A microprocessor controller is used to process information on wind speed, wind direction and RPM of the rotating structure to develop an electrical signal for establishing blade position. The preferred embodiment of the invention, when connected to a utility grid, is designed to generate 40 kilowatts of power when exposed to a 20 mile per hour wind. The control system for the windmill includes electrical blade actuators that modulate the blades of the rotating structure. Blade modulation controls the blade angle of attack, which in turn controls the RPM of the rotor. In the preferred embodiment, the microprocessor controller provides the operation logic and control functions. A wind speed sensor provides inputs to start or stop the windmill, and a wind direction sensor is used to keep the blade flip region at 90 and 270/sup 0/ to the wind. The control system is designed to maintain constant rotor RPM when wind speed is between 10 and 40 miles per hour.

  5. Off-axis electron holography of ferromagnetic multilayer nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akhtari-Zavareh, Azadeh; Kavanagh, K. L. [Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A1S6 (Canada); Carignan, L. P. [Apollo Microwaves, 1650 Trans-Canada Highway, Dorval, Quebec H9P 1H7 (Canada); Department of Engineering Physics, cole Polytechnique de Montral, Montral, Quebec, H3C 3A7 Canada (Canada); Department of Electrical Engineering, cole Polytechnique de Montral, Montral, Quebec, H3C 3A7 Canada (Canada); Yelon, A.; Mnard, D. [Department of Engineering Physics, cole Polytechnique de Montral, Montral, Quebec, H3C 3A7 Canada (Canada); Kasama, T. [Center for Electron Nanoscopy, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Herring, R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P6 (Canada); Dunin-Borkowski, R. E. [Ernst Ruska-Centre for Microscopy and Spectroscopy with Electrons and Institute for Microstructure Research, D-52425 Jlich (Germany); McCartney, M. R. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used electron holography to investigate the local magnetic behavior of isolated ferromagnetic nanowires (NWs) in their remanent states. The NWs consisted of periodic magnetic layers of soft, high-saturation magnetization CoFeB alloys, and non-magnetic layers of Cu. All NWs were fabricated by pulsed-potential electrodeposition in nanoporous alumina membranes. The NW composition and layer thicknesses were measured using scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The magnetization of individual NWs depended upon the thicknesses of the layers and the direction of an external magnetic field, which had been applied in situ. When the CoFeB was thicker than the diameter (50?nm), magnetization was axial for all external field directions, while thinner layers could be randomized via a perpendicular field. In some cases, magnetization inside the wire was detected at an angle with respect to the axis of the wires. In thinner Cu/CoFeB (<10?nm each) multilayer, magnetic field vortices were detected, associated with opposing magnetization in neighbouring layers. The measured crystallinity, compositions, and layer thicknesses of individual NWs were found to be significantly different from those predicted from calibration growths based on uniform composition NWs. In particular, a significant fraction of Cu (up to 50 at.?%) was present in the CoFeB layers such that the measured magnetic induction was lower than expected. These results will be used to better understand previously measured effective anisotropy fields of similar NW arrays.

  6. Severe accident source term characteristics for selected Peach Bottom sequences predicted by the MELCOR Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbajo, J.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to compare in-containment source terms developed for NUREG-1159, which used the Source Term Code Package (STCP), with those generated by MELCOR to identify significant differences. For this comparison, two short-term depressurized station blackout sequences (with a dry cavity and with a flooded cavity) and a Loss-of-Coolant Accident (LOCA) concurrent with complete loss of the Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) were analyzed for the Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station (a BWR-4 with a Mark I containment). The results indicate that for the sequences analyzed, the two codes predict similar total in-containment release fractions for each of the element groups. However, the MELCOR/CORBH Package predicts significantly longer times for vessel failure and reduced energy of the released material for the station blackout sequences (when compared to the STCP results). MELCOR also calculated smaller releases into the environment than STCP for the station blackout sequences.

  7. Dynamic behavior analysis for a six axis industrial machining BISU Claudiu1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .). In the aerospace industry, robot starts to be used for complex applications such as drilling, riveting, fiberDynamic behavior analysis for a six axis industrial machining robot BISU Claudiu1,a , CHERIF Mehdi2-yves.knevez@u-bordeaux1.fr Abstract The six axis robots are widely used in automotive industry for their good

  8. Near wake properties of horizontal axis marine current L. Myers and A.S. Bahaj

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quartly, Graham

    1 Near wake properties of horizontal axis marine current turbines L. Myers and A.S. Bahaj-scale horizontal axis turbine has been have been measured in a large water channel facility. A downstream map with different vertical shear and turbulence distributions. Offshore wind farms are perhaps the most closely

  9. Model for the prediction of 3D surface topography in 5-axis milling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 Model for the prediction of 3D surface topography in 5-axis milling Sylvain Lavernhe LURPA - ENS surface topography obtained in 5-axis milling in function of the machining conditions. For this purpose to a feed rate prediction model. Thanks to the simulation model of 3D surface topography, the influence

  10. Barium ferrite thin film media with perpendicular c-axis orientation and small grain size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, David E.

    Barium ferrite thin film media with perpendicular c-axis orientation and small grain size Zailong, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 Barium ferrite thin films with perpendicular c conditions. The c-axis orientation of barium ferrite thin films is most sensitive to the oxygen partial

  11. Hydrodynamic and Structural Performance of the Transverse Horizontal Axis Water Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    Hydrodynamic and Structural Performance of the Transverse Horizontal Axis Water Turbine Prof. Guy across the flow THAWT Concept Transverse Horizontal Axis Water Turbine Length limited only by stiffness;Options for tidal stream power (1) Axial flow turbines ("underwater windmills") "Unducted" MCT (most

  12. Weak-Axis Behavior of Wide Flange Columns Subjected to Blast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    the effect of blast loading on wide flange columns loaded perpendicular to the weak axis of bending field detonations. Furthermore, past studies investigating the effect of blast load- ing on wide flangeWeak-Axis Behavior of Wide Flange Columns Subjected to Blast Nagarjun Krishnappa1 ; Michel Bruneau

  13. Hydrothermal synthesis, off-axis electron holography and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    properties investigated using off-axis electron holography and more conventional rock magnetism techniqueHydrothermal synthesis, off-axis electron holography and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles measurements. 1. Introduction The ability of a rock to reliably record the geomagnetic field depends

  14. Performance Testing of a Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine , S. Tullis2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullis, Stephen

    Performance Testing of a Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine R. Bravo1 , S. Tullis2 , S. Ziada3 of electric production [1]. Although most performance testing for small-scale wind turbines is conducted vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWT) in urban settings, full-scale wind tunnel testing of a prototype 3.5 k

  15. Response of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine to Time Varying Wind Conditions found within the Urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullis, Stephen

    Response of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine to Time Varying Wind Conditions found within the Urban, 2010 PP 389­401 389 ABSTRACT Experimental testing of a vertical axis wind turbine within the urban of the turbine. Temporal variation of the wind with respect to the direction and velocity fluctuations

  16. Blade Offset and Pitch Effects on a High Solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullis, Stephen

    Blade Offset and Pitch Effects on a High Solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Andrzej J. Fiedler ABSTRACT A high solidity, small scale, 2.5m diameter by 3m high Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT in an open-air wind tunnel facility to investigate the effects of preset toe-in and toe-out turbine blade

  17. WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

    1 WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES J. J. Miau*1 were carried out to study the aerodynamic performance of three vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs. On the other hand, the characteristics of unsteady flow around the helical wind turbine were studied with a hot

  18. Seismic sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Green, Michael A. (Oakland, CA); Cook, Neville G. W. (Lafayette, CA); McEvilly, Thomas V. (Berkeley, CA); Majer, Ernest L. (El Cirrito, CA); Witherspoon, Paul A. (Berkeley, CA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus is described for placement in a borehole in the earth, which enables the generation of closely controlled seismic waves from the borehole. Pure torsional shear waves are generated by an apparatus which includes a stator element fixed to the borehole walls and a rotor element which is electrically driven to rapidly oscillate on the stator element to cause reaction forces transmitted through the borehole walls to the surrounding earth. Logitudinal shear waves are generated by an armature that is driven to rapidly oscillate along the axis of the borehole relative to a stator that is clamped to the borehole, to cause reaction forces transmitted to the surrounding earth. Pressure waves are generated by electrically driving pistons that press against opposite ends of a hydraulic reservoir that fills the borehole. High power is generated by energizing the elements at a power level that causes heating to over 150.degree. C. within one minute of operation, but energizing the elements for no more than about one minute.

  19. Off-axis variable focus and aberration control mirrors and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Himmer, Phillip A.; Dickensheets, David L.

    2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical element with multi-layer composites that deforms to reduce optical aberrations in off-axis optic. Methods are also described in relation to the optical element.

  20. Development of novel high-performance six-axis magnetically levitated instruments for nanoscale applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verma, Shobhit

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents two novel 6-axis magnetic-levitation (maglev) stages that are capable of nanoscale positioning. These stages have very simple and compact structure that is advantageous to meet requirements in ...

  1. Measurement of c-axis angular orientation in calcite (CaCO3) nanocrystals using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coppersmith, Susan N.

    Measurement of c-axis angular orientation in calcite (CaCO3) nanocrystals using X-ray absorption are demonstrated here on geologic calcite (CaCO3) and used to investigate the prismatic layer of a mollusk shell

  2. Multi-DOF precision positioning methodology using two-axis Hall-effect sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawato, Yusuke

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel sensing methodology using two-axis Hall-effect sensors is proposed, where the absolute positioning of a device atop any magnet matrix is possible. This methodology has the capability of micrometer-order positioning resolution as well...

  3. Design and development of a two-axis reluctance based actuator for hexflex nano-positioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liles, Howard J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An endeavor was conducted to explore the design and development of a two-axis linear reluctance actuator for use as a part of a nano-positioner with the application of serving as a small scale kinematic coupling assembly ...

  4. Content-based fused off-axis object illumination direct-to-digital holography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Price, Jeffery R.

    2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are described for content-based fused off-axis illumination direct-to-digital holography. A method includes calculating an illumination angle with respect to an optical axis defined by a focusing lens as a function of data representing a Fourier analyzed spatially heterodyne hologram; reflecting a reference beam from a reference mirror at a non-normal angle; reflecting an object beam from an object the object beam incident upon the object at the illumination angle; focusing the reference beam and the object beam at a focal plane of a digital recorder to from the content-based off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; and digitally recording the content based off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis.

  5. Design and Test of a Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine with Pitch Control J. J. Miau1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

    Design and Test of a Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine with Pitch Control J. J. Miau1,a , S. Y. Liang2 , R, USA a jjmiau@mail.ncku.edu.tw Keywords: vertical-axis wind turbine, pitch control, wind of a small vertical-axis wind turbine. Benefits gained can be shown by the experimental and numerical results

  6. First Light of the 1.6 meter off-axis New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -axis configurations, the NST adopts a unique off-axis optical design. Since the Secondary Mirror (SM) and SM supportFirst Light of the 1.6 meter off-axis New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory Wenda Caoab, Nicolas Gorceixb, Roy Coulterb, Aaron Coulterb, Philip R. Goodeab aCenter for Solar-Terrestrial Research

  7. First Measurement of $?_?$ and $?_e$ Events in an Off-Axis Horn-Focused Neutrino Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Adamson; A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo; C. E. Anderson; A. O. Bazarko; M. Bishai; S. J. Brice; B. C. Brown; L. Bugel; J. Cao; B. C. Choudhary; L. Coney; J. M. Conrad; D. C. Cox; A. Curioni; Z. Djurcic; D. A. Finley; B. T. Fleming; R. Ford; H. R. Gallagher; F. G. Garcia; G. T. Garvey; C. Green; J. A. Green; D. Harris; T. L. Hart; E. Hawker; J. Hylen; R. Imlay; R. A. Johnson; G. Karagiorgi; P. Kasper; T. Katori; T. Kobilarcik; S. Kopp; I. Kourbanis; S. Koutsoliotas; E. M. Laird; S. K. Linden; J. M. Link; Y. Liu; Y. Liu; L. Loiacono; W. C. Louis; A. Marchionni; K. B. M. Mahn; W. Marsh; G. McGregor; M. D. Messier; W. Metcalf; P. D. Meyers; F. Mills; G. B. Mills; J. Monroe; C. D. Moore; J. K. Nelson; R. H. Nelson; V. T. Nguyen; P. Nienaber; J. A. Nowak; S. Ouedraogo; R. B. Patterson; Z. Pavlovic; D. Perevalov; C. C. Polly; E. Prebys; J. L. Raaf; H. Ray; B. P. Roe; A. D. Russell; V. Sandberg; R. Schirato; D. Schmitz; M. H. Shaevitz; F. C. Shoemaker; W. Smart; D. Smith; M. Sodeberg; M. Sorel; P. Spentzouris; I. Stancu; R. J. Stefanski; M. Sung; H. A. Tanaka; R. Tayloe; M. Tzanov; P. Vahle; R. Van de Water; B. Viren; M. O. Wascko; D. H. White; M. J. Wilking; H. J. Yang; F. X. Yumiceva; G. P. Zeller; E. D. Zimmerman; R. Zwaska

    2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first observation of off-axis neutrino interactions in the MiniBooNE detector from the NuMI beamline at Fermilab. The MiniBooNE detector is located 745 m from the NuMI production target, at 110 mrad angle ($6.3^{\\circ}$) with respect to the NuMI beam axis. Samples of charged current quasi-elastic $\

  8. Method for non-contact particle manipulation and control of particle spacing along an axis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goddard, Gregory Russ; Kaduchak, Gregory; Jett, James Hubert; Graves, Steven Wayde

    2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Method and system for uniformly spacing particles in a flowing system comprising suspending particles in an elongated fluid filled cavity; exposing said cavity to an axial acoustic standing wave field, wherein said axial acoustic standing wave field drives said particles to nodal and anti-nodal positions along the center axis of said cavity to result in uniformly spaced particles; and focusing said particles to the center axis of said cavity.

  9. The experimental and theoretical investigaton of a horizontal-axis wind turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milburn, Robert Terrance

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS WIND TURBINE A Thesis by ROBERT TERRANCE MILBURN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1977 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering THE EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS WIND TURBINE A Thesis by ROBERT TERRANCE MILBURN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head...

  10. Preliminary investigation of processes that affect source term identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickliff, D.S.; Solomon, D.K.; Farrow, N.D.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid Waste Storage Area (SWSA) 5 is known to be a significant source of contaminants, especially tritium ({sup 3}H), to the White Oak Creek (WOC) watershed. For example, Solomon et al. (1991) estimated the total {sup 3}H discharge in Melton Branch (most of which originates in SWSA 5) for the 1988 water year to be 1210 Ci. A critical issue for making decisions concerning remedial actions at SWSA 5 is knowing whether the annual contaminant discharge is increasing or decreasing. Because (1) the magnitude of the annual contaminant discharge is highly correlated to the amount of annual precipitation (Solomon et al., 1991) and (2) a significant lag may exist between the time of peak contaminant release from primary sources (i.e., waste trenches) and the time of peak discharge into streams, short-term stream monitoring by itself is not sufficient for predicting future contaminant discharges. In this study we use {sup 3}H to examine the link between contaminant release from primary waste sources and contaminant discharge into streams. By understanding and quantifying subsurface transport processes, realistic predictions of future contaminant discharge, along with an evaluation of the effectiveness of remedial action alternatives, will be possible. The objectives of this study are (1) to characterize the subsurface movement of contaminants (primarily {sup 3}H) with an emphasis on the effects of matrix diffusion; (2) to determine the relative strength of primary vs secondary sources; and (3) to establish a methodology capable of determining whether the {sup 3}H discharge from SWSA 5 to streams is increasing or decreasing.

  11. Radiation source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thode, Lester E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A device and method for relativistic electron beam heating of a high-density plasma in a small localized region. A relativistic electron beam generator or accelerator produces a high-voltage electron beam which propagates along a vacuum drift tube and is modulated to initiate electron bunching within the beam. The beam is then directed through a low-density gas chamber which provides isolation between the vacuum modulator and the relativistic electron beam target. The relativistic beam is then applied to a high-density target plasma which typically comprises DT, DD, or similar thermonuclear gas at a density of 10.sup.17 to 10.sup.20 electrons per cubic centimeter. The target gas is ionized prior to application of the relativistic electron beam by means of a laser or other preionization source to form a plasma. Utilizing a relativistic electron beam with an individual particle energy exceeding 3 MeV, classical scattering by relativistic electrons passing through isolation foils is negligible. As a result, relativistic streaming instabilities are initiated within the high-density target plasma causing the relativistic electron beam to efficiently deposit its energy into a small localized region of the high-density plasma target.

  12. CFD Analysis Of Particle Transport In Axi-Symmetric Tubes Under The Influence Of Thermophoretic Force

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abarham, Mehdi [University of Michigan; Zamankhan, Parsa [University of Michigan; Hoard, John W. [University of Michigan; Styles, Dan [Ford Motor Company; Sluder, Scott [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Lance, Michael J [ORNL; Assanis, Dennis [University of Michigan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we developed two frameworks to investigate the thermophoretic particulate deposition in non-isothermal tube flows conveying particles ranging from 10 to 300 nm; a one dimensional model where the variables are assumed to be uniform in each cross section perpendicular to the tube axis and an axi-symmetric model where the aforementioned assumption is relaxed. In the one dimensional model, the rate of mass deposition along the inner surface of the tube is computed based on the local thermophoretic velocity of the particulate phase at the wall. This velocity is proportional to the radial gradient of the temperature at the wall and is calculated via some empirical correlations for heat transfer in tube flows. In the axi-symmetric model, the rate of deposition is computed through the Fick s law after solving the species transport equation for the solid phase. We included the formation of the soot layer through moving the gas solid interface in both models. The tube effectiveness (the ratio of actual heat transfer to the maximum possible heat transfer) decreases due to the formation of the layer. Model outputs including deposited mass along the tube wall and the tube effectiveness drop have been compared against experiments. While the computed results through both models agree with the trend of experimental data, the axi-symmetric results are closer to the experiments in most cases. The calculated deposited mass is smaller (and closer to experiments) for the axi-symmetric model compared to the one dimensional model in all cases. This indicates that the axi-symmetric model estimates the deposited mass more accurately.

  13. The role of the pituitary-adrenal axis in mild shock-induced hypoalgesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biles, Mandy Kathleen

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE ROLE OF THE PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS IN MILD SHOCK-INDUCED HYPOALGESIA A Thesis by MANDY KATHLEEN BILES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Psychology THE ROLE OF THE PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS IN MILD SHOCK-INDUCED HYPOALGESIA A Thesis by MANDY KATHLEEN BILES Approved as to style and content by: ames W. Grau (Chair of Committee) S eve Worchel...

  14. A composite application of source and receptor models to fine particle concentrations in Portage, Wisconsin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chow, J.C.; Severance, P.W.; Spengler, J.D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research reported here extends source apportioment techniques by combining four air quality model types to establish multi-scale source/receptor relationships. The selected models are: Branching Atmospheric Trajectory (BAT) model for regional-scale contributors; Principal Component Analysis (PCA) receptor model for urban and regional-scale contributors; Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) receptor model for urban- and regional-scale contributors; Industrial Source Complex Short-Term (ISC-ST) dispersion model for urban-scale contributors. The framework in which these models are placed allows each one to be replaced with better ones when these new models have been demonstrated to be superior. The theoretical basis, previous applications, and the results of model evaluation studies are summarized by Chow in great detail and will not be presented here. The objectives of this research are: to develop a method for multi-scale composite modeling applications; to define the data requirements; and to apportion local and distract pollution sources using the composite modeling strategy. Results from the entire research effort are too lengthy to include here. This paper focuses on CMB portion of the method. Trajectory and Principal Component Analyses were reported earlier.

  15. Extremely Soft X-ray Flash as the indicator of off-axis orphan GRB afterglow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urata, Yuji; Yamazaki, Ryo; Sakamoto, Takanori

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We verified the off-axis jet model of X-ray flashes (XRFs) and examined a discovery of off-axis orphan gamma-ray burst (GRBs) afterglows. The XRF sample was selected on the basis of the following three factors: (1) a constraint on the lower peak energy of the prompt spectrum $E^{src}_{obs}$, (2) redshift measurements, and (3) multi-color observations of an earlier (or brightening) phase. XRF020903 was the only sample selected basis of these criteria. A complete optical multi-color afterglow light curve of XRF020903 obtained from archived data and photometric results in literature showed an achromatic brightening around 0.7 days. An off-axis jet model with a large observing angle (0.21 rad, which is twice the jet opening half-angle, $\\theta_{jet}$) can naturally describe the achromatic brightening and the prompt X-ray spectral properties. This result indicates the existence of off-axis orphan GRB afterglow light curves. Events with a larger viewing angle ($>\\sim2\\theta_{jet}$) could be discovered using an 8-m ...

  16. Rotation Angle for the Optimum Tracking of One-Axis Trackers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marion, W. F.; Dobos, A. P.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An equation for the rotation angle for optimum tracking of one-axis trackers is derived along with equations giving the relationships between the rotation angle and the surface tilt and azimuth angles. These equations are useful for improved modeling of the solar radiation available to a collector with tracking constraints and for determining the appropriate motor revolutions for optimum tracking.

  17. Test plan for the 34 meter vertical axis wind turbine test bed located at Bushland, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephenson, W.A.

    1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A plan is presented for the testing and evaluation of a new 500 kw vertical axis wind turbine test bed. The plan starts with the initial measurements made during construction, proceeds through evaluation of the design, the development of control methods, and finally to the test bed phase where new concepts are evaluated and in-depth studies are performed.

  18. Endogenous opioids and attenuated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to immune challenge in pregnant rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, J. A.; Ochedalski, T; Meddle, S. L.; Ma, S.; Brunton, P. J.; Douglas, A. J.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but not pregnant, rats. However, naloxone infused directly into the PVN increased noradrenaline release after IL-1{beta} in pregnant rats. Thus, the HPA axis responses to immune signals are suppressed in pregnancy at the level of pPVN CRH neurons through an opioid...

  19. Axis control using model predictive control: identification and friction effect reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Axis control using model predictive control: identification and friction effect reduction Pedro this numerical model is used to synthetize a predictive GPC controller reducing the impact of the friction Rodriguez-Ayerbe, Didier Dumur, Sylvain Lavernhe** * SUPELEC- E3S, Automatic Control, 3 rue Joliot Curie

  20. First-order design of off-axis reflective ophthalmic adaptive optics systems using afocal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First-order design of off-axis reflective ophthalmic adaptive optics systems using afocal for designing laser cavities, spectrographs and adaptive optics retinal imaging systems. The use, range respectively. This is discussed using examples from adaptive optics retinal imaging systems. The performance

  1. Towards Finding Relevant Information Graphics: Identifying the Independent and Dependent Axis from User-written Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carberry, Sandra

    Towards Finding Relevant Information Graphics: Identifying the Independent and Dependent Axis from of Computer and Information Science University of Delaware Newark, DE 19716 Abstract Information graphics (non-pictorial graphics such as bar charts and line graphs) contain a great deal of knowl- edge. Information retrieval

  2. Method for non-contact particle manipulation and control of particle spacing along an axis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goddard, Gregory Russ; Kaduchak, Gregory; Jett, James Hubert; Graves, Steven Wayde

    2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    One or more of the embodiments of the present invention provide for a method of non-contact particle manipulation and control of particle spacing along an axis which includes axial and radial acoustic standing wave fields. Particles are suspended in an aqueous solution, and this solution then flows into the cylindrical flow channel. While the solution flows through the flow channel, the outer structure of the flow channel is vibrated at a resonant frequency, causing a radial acoustic standing wave field to form inside the flow channel in the solution. These radial acoustic standing waves focus the particles suspended in the solution to the center axis of the cylindrical flow channel. At the same time, a transducer is used to create an axial acoustic standing wave field in the flow channel parallel to the axis of the flow channel. This drives the particles, which are already being focused to the center axis of the flow channel, to nodes or anti-nodes of the axial standing wave at half-wavelength intervals, depending on whether the particles are more or less dense and more or less compressible than the surrounding fluid.

  3. Microstructure dependence of the c-axis critical current density in second-generation YBCO tapes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Y.; Welp, U.; Crabtree, G. W.; Kwok, W. K.; Malozemoff, A. P.; Rupich, M. W.; Fleshler, S.; Clem, J. R. (Materials Science Division); (American Superconductor Corp.); (Ames Lab.); (Iowa State Univ.)

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C-axis current flow in high temperature superconductor (HTS) tape-shaped wires arises in configurations where the local wire axis is not perpendicular to the local magnetic field, such as in power cables with helically wound HTS tapes. The c-axis critical current density J{sub c}{sup c} has been recently found to be orders of magnitude lower than the ab-plane critical current density J{sub c}{sup ab}. Here we report on J{sub c}{sup c} (77 K, sf) values of various YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}-based (YBCO) tapes with different microstructures. Our results show that the value of J{sub c}{sup c} (77 K, sf) decreases significantly with increasing concentration of ab-plane stacking faults in YBCO thin films and that the critical current anisotropy {gamma} = J{sub c}{sup ab}/J{sub c}{sup c} can reach values as high as 2070, implying that in the highest-anisotropy tape, {approx}20% of the tape width carries c-axis current in a helically wound power cable.

  4. Microstructure dependence of the c-axis critical current density in second generation YBCO tapes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Y. Welp, U. Crabtree, G.W.; Kwok, W.K.; Malozemoff, A.P.; Rupich, M.W.; Fleshler, S.; Clem, J.R.

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    C-axis current flow in high temperature superconductor (HTS) tape-shaped wires arises in configurations where the local wire axis is not perpendicular to the local magnetic field, such as in power cables with helically wound HTS tapes. The c-axis critical current density J{sub c}{sup c} has been recently found to be orders of magnitude lower than the ab-plane critical current density J{sub c}{sup ab}. Here we report on J{sub c}{sup c} (77 K, sf) values of various YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}-based (YBCO) tapes with different microstructures. Our results show that the value of J{sub c}{sup c} (77 K, sf) decreases significantly with increasing concentration of ab-plane stacking faults in YBCO thin films and that the critical current anisotropy {gamma} = J{sub c}{sup ab}/J{sub c}{sup c} can reach values as high as 2070, implying that in the highest-anisotropy tape, {approx}20% of the tape width carries c-axis current in a helically wound power cable.

  5. Off-axis directional acoustic wave beaming control by an asymmetric rubber heterostructures film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ji

    Off-axis directional acoustic wave beaming control by an asymmetric rubber heterostructures film rubber heterostructures film deposited on steel plate in water. The rubber heterostructures film at left side and right side are constructed by alternately stacking rubber-1 and rubber-2 film periodically

  6. On the probability of major-axis precession in triaxial ellipsoidal potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Thomas; S. Vine; F. R. Pearce

    1993-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Orbits in triaxial ellipsoidal potentials precess about either the major or minor axis of the ellipsoid. In standard perturbation theory it can be shown that a circular orbit will precess about the minor axis if its angular momentum vector lies in a region bounded by two great circles which pass through the intermediate axis and which are inclined with minimum separation $i_T$ from the minor axis. We test the accuracy of the standard formula for $i_T$ by performing orbit integrations to determine $i_S$, the simulated turnover angle corresponding to $i_T$. We reach two principal conclusions: (i) $i_S$ is usually greater than $i_T$, by as much as 12 degrees even for moderate triaxialities, $A/1.2

  7. PID Controller Synthesis with Shifted Axis Pole Assignment for a Class of MIMO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gundes, A. N.

    PID Controller Synthesis with Shifted Axis Pole Assignment for a Class of MIMO Systems A. N. G-output plants, a systematic synthesis is developed for stabilization using Proportional+Integral+Derivative (PID-zero of the plant. Plant classes that admit PID controllers with this property include stable and unstable multi

  8. MAGNETIC NEUTRON SCATTERING. And Recent Developments in the Triple Axis Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Peter D.

    Chapter 1 MAGNETIC NEUTRON SCATTERING. And Recent Developments in the Triple Axis Spectroscopy Igor.................................................................................... 2 2. Neutron interaction with matter and scattering cross-section ........ 6 2.1 Basic scattering theory and differential cross-section................ 7 2.2 Neutron interactions and scattering lengths

  9. On some sharp spectral inequalities for Schrdinger operators on semi-axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel Exner; Ari Laptev; Muhammad Usman

    2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we obtain sharp Lieb-Thirring inequalities for a Schr\\"odinger operator on semi-axis with a matrix potential and show how they can be used to other related problems. Among them are spectral inequalities on star graphs and spectral inequalities for Schr\\"odinger operators on half-spaces with Robin boundary conditions.

  10. Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility mitigation action plan. Annual report for 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haagenstad, T.

    1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report (MAPAR) has been prepared as part of implementing the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) to protect workers, soils, water, and biotic and cultural resources in and around the facility.

  11. 1-and 2-Axis Magnetic Sensors HMC1001/1002/1021/1022

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    1- and 2-Axis Magnetic Sensors HMC1001/1002/1021/1022 The Honeywell HMC100x and HMC102x magnetic and HMC102x sensors utilize Honeywell's Anisotropic Magnetoresistive (AMR) technology that provides-gauss to 6 gauss. Honeywell's Magnetic Sensors are among the most sensitive and reliable low-field sensors

  12. Development of a Rig and Testing Procedures for the Experimental Investigation of Horizontal Axis Kinetic Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Kinetic Turbines by Catalina Lartiga B.Sc., Catholic University of Chile, 2001 A Thesis Submitted Turbines by Catalina Lartiga B.Sc., Catholic University of Chile, 2001 Supervisory Committee Dr. Curran system to characterize the non-dimensional performance coefficients of hor- izontal axis kinetic turbines

  13. Radionuclides in Small Mammals Collected at the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility during 2001-- 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P.R. Fresquez

    2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Rodents are effective indicators of environmental contamination and the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility Mitigation Action Plan specifies the (radionuclide) comparison of small mammals to baseline levels to determine if there are any impacts as a result of operations. Consequently, samples of (whole body) field mice (Peromyscus spp.) were collected from within the grounds of the DARHT facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Technical Area 15, from 2001 through 2003. Samples were analyzed for {sup 3}H, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 241}Am, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239,240}Pu, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U, and {sup 238}U. Results, which represent three years since the start of operations in 2000, were compared with baseline statistical reference level (BSRL) data established over a four-year-long preoperational period. Most radionuclides in mice were either at nondetectable levels or within BSRLs. The few radionuclides that were above BSRLs included U isotopes; and the ratios of some samples indicated depleted U sources. Although the amounts of U in some samples were just above BSRLs, and since depleted U is less soluble and less toxic (chemical and radioactive) than naturally occurring U, the very small levels in the mice collected around the DARHT facility grounds are unlikely to pose a threat to predators that feed upon them.

  14. Accepted Article Preview: Published ahead of advance online publication Transcription Factor/microRNA Axis Blocks Melanoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamir, Ron

    /microRNA Axis Blocks Melanoma Invasion Program by miR-211 Targeting NUAK1 Rachel E Bell, Mehdi Khaled, Dvir Levy, Transcription Factor/microRNA Axis Blocks Melanoma Invasion Program by miR-211 Targeting NUAK1 Blocks Melanoma Invasion Program by miR-211 Targeting NUAK1 Rachel E. Bella,h , Mehdi Khaledb

  15. Abstract--This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract-- This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm on the development of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation Machine (MACARM) ­ a new cable robot Rehabilitation Machine (MACARM), a new cable (wire) robot for upper limb rehabilitation. The prototype

  16. Study of an hybrid positron source using channeling for CLIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dadoun, O; Chehab, R; Poirier, F; Rinolfi, L; Strakhovenko, V; Variola, A; Vivoli, A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CLIC study considers the hybrid source using channeling as the baseline for positron production. The hybrid source uses a few GeV electron beam impinging on a crystal tungsten radiator. With the tungsten crystal oriented on its axis it results an intense, relatively low energy photon beam due mainly to channeling radiation. Those photons are then impinging on an amorphous tungsten target producing positrons by e+e? pair creation. In this note the optimization of the positron yield and the peak energy deposition density in the amorphous target are studied according to the distance between the crystal and the amorphous targets, the primary electron energy and the amorphous target thickness.

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    471 million barrels as of March 27. With U.S. refineries beginning to return from maintenance, future inventory builds are likely to slow, and this contributed to a decrease in...

  18. Short-Term Load Forecasting Error Distributions and Implications for Renewable Integration Studies: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodge, B. M.; Lew, D.; Milligan, M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Load forecasting in the day-ahead timescale is a critical aspect of power system operations that is used in the unit commitment process. It is also an important factor in renewable energy integration studies, where the combination of load and wind or solar forecasting techniques create the net load uncertainty that must be managed by the economic dispatch process or with suitable reserves. An understanding of that load forecasting errors that may be expected in this process can lead to better decisions about the amount of reserves necessary to compensate errors. In this work, we performed a statistical analysis of the day-ahead (and two-day-ahead) load forecasting errors observed in two independent system operators for a one-year period. Comparisons were made with the normal distribution commonly assumed in power system operation simulations used for renewable power integration studies. Further analysis identified time periods when the load is more likely to be under- or overforecast.

  19. Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution on Wheeze in Asthmatic Children in Fresno, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AvolE, et al. 1999. Air pollution and bronchitic symptomsH, White M. 2001. Air pollution and exacerbation of asthmaGG. 2006. Ambient air pollution and asthma exacerbations in

  20. Guidelines for improvement on the short term of electricity distribution network regulation for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...............................................................27 2.2.2 Incremental OPEX + CAPEX due to DG

  1. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    measurements using smart meter household data produce theof program households. Smart meters lower the cost of usingsample sizes with smart meter data can be far larger than

  2. Evaluation of short-term climate change prediction in multi-model CMIP5 decadal hindcasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    events such as trop- ical cyclone activity. On decadal timescales, some aspects of internal climate skill of individual models have been analyzed separately for multi-year prediction horizons over

  3. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    design and evaluation of renewable energy policies, is anreport, Na- tional Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO,applications, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden,

  4. A Journal of Integrative Biology Short-Term Low-Salinity Tolerance by the Longhorn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, David H.

    ), 20% SW, or 10% SW for 24 or 72 hr. Plasma osmolality, sodium, potassium, and chloride concentrations) are necessary for ion homeostasis. We immunolocalized these proteins to the mitochondrion-rich cell of the gill, these results suggest that down to 20% SW longhorn sculpin are capable of completely regulating ion levels over

  5. Research Reports Humorous Coping and Serious Reappraisal: Short-Term and Longer-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, James J.

    with negative experiences (Kuiper, Martin, & Olinger, 1993; Kuiper, McKenzie, & Belanger, 1995). Furthermore

  6. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regions. In addition, the SCADA was not available for allData Real Time Visibility SCADA 5 minutes or less Limited

  7. The influence of diet on the short-term lipid response to acute exercise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bounds, Roger Glenn

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Goodyear 1990, Swank, 1987). The reported triglyceride response to acute exercise has been variable with some claiming no change (Angelopoulos and Robertson 1993). However, in the days (24 to 72 hours) atter an exercise bout, triglyceride has usually... been shown to decrease (Dufaux 1982, Kantor 1984, Cullinane 1982, Thompson 1980). Total cholesterol and LDL-C have been shown to increase (Kantor 1987, Dufaux 1982, Durstine 1983, Cullinane 1982) or decrease (Thompson 1980, Goodyear 1990), leading...

  8. ShortPK: A Short-Term Public Key Scheme for Broadcast Authentication in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

    on energy consumption. Categories and Subject Descriptors: C.2.1 [Computer-Communication Networks]: Network Engineering Building II, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695; email: pning Wang, Wenliang Du, Xiaogang Liu Syracuse University and Peng Ning North Carolina State University

  9. Short-term modulation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall by West Asian dust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vinoj, V.; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun; Landu, Kiranmayi; Singh, Balwinder

    2014-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Indian summer monsoon is the result of a complex interplay between radiative heating, dynamics and cloud and aerosol interactions. Despite increased scientific attention, the effect of aerosols on monsoons still remains uncertain. Here we present both observational evidence and numerical modeling results demonstrating a remote aerosol link to Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Rainfall over central India is positively correlated to natural aerosols over the Arabian Sea and West Asia. Simulations using a state-of-the-art global climate model support this remote aerosol link and indicate that dust aerosols induce additional moisture transport and convergence over Central India, producing increased monsoon rainfall. The convergence is driven through solar heating and latent heating within clouds over West Asia that increases surface winds over the Arabian Sea. On the other hand, sea-salt aerosol tends to counteract the effect of dust and reduces rainfall. Our findings highlight the importance of natural aerosols in modulating the strength of the Indian summer monsoon, and motivate additional research in how changes in background aerosols of natural origin may be influencing long-term trends in monsoon precipitation.

  10. Asymptotically short term behavior of solutions to one dimensional di usion processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, G. Donald

    . This simple statement, when applied to the migration of a contaminant through and out of a monolithic form de ned solely by di usion. Consider a contaminated monolithic form, in particular a solid cylindrical shape of concrete embedded during mixing with a mobile species such as radioactive cesium, the leachate

  11. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    photovoltaics (PV) in traditional electric power systems.photovoltaic systems. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research

  12. A Dual Algorithm for the Short Term Power Production Planning with Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is satisfied by means of a system of power generator units and transmission lines. The systematic coordination which can be of different kinds, connected by a power transmission network. These need to be scheduled de Ingenier'ia, Montevideo, Uruguay 1 #12; 1 Introduction The demand of electric power in a country

  13. Experimental short-term climate forecasting procedure for US winter temperatures and its verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navato, A.R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A linear multivariate regression model for continental United States Januray surface air temperatures is presented. The predictors enter the regression equation at more than one lag if their effects on the predictand tend to be spread over several months rather than be completed in one month. The monthly mean surface tempertures for 12 cities were taken to be representative of temperatures for the regions around them. The predictand series then consisted of annual January values for each representative city. A separate regression equation was derived for the annual departures from the long term means for January for each city. The procedure therefore predicts the inter-annual variability for January. The regression equations for inter-annual variability were able to explain a much higher percentage of variance compared to the corresponding regression equations for monthly variability. The same procedure can be applied to obtain prediction equations for other months. The higher percentage is to be expected if it is considered that there must be differences in the operation of temperature-controlling physical mechanisms which are dependent on the march of the seasons.

  14. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Wind Deltas from Similarly Sited 5.5 Potential Costto estimate the balancing costs for wind. The 4-hour reserve60-min Deltas Total Cost 5 Sites Wind 25 Site Grid Solar

  15. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than the cost for similarly sited wind. The slightly greaterto the cost of balancing reserves for wind. The decrease infor solar than for wind. The cost of accommodating the

  16. TPWRS-00322-2007.R2 1 Short-Term Resource Adequacy in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    of the system to meet the aggregate customer demand with the appropriate quality [1]. Resource adequacy and the demand bids of price-responsive buyers. The regulatory framework of the vertically integrated utility in terms of a price-sensitive demand curve. The program gives incentives for providing capacity to markets

  17. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of California Statewide Aggregator Demand Response Programs.Analysis of AMP Aggregator Demand Response Program. Preparedof California Statewide Aggregator Demand Response Programs.

  18. Revised 7/28/10 BRODY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE SHORT TERM VISITOR HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Mo/Day/Yr) _______________ First M. Last Do you currently have: a cough that produces phlegm? _____ Yes ______ No a cough that produces blood? _____ Yes ______ No a cold or sinus infection? _____ Yea

  19. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Term variability of solar power, Lawrence Berkeley Nationaldue to wind and solar power, Environmental Science &and Predictability of Solar Power Andrew D. Mills and Ryan

  20. Long-term vs. Short-term Contracts; A European perspective on natural gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten; von Hirschhausen, Christian

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyses the economics of long-term gas contracts under changing institutional conditions, mainly gas sector liberalisation. The paper is motivated by the increasingly tense debate in continental Europe, UK and the US on the security...

  1. Studies of asphalt air blowing and development of a new short-term aging technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vassiliev, Nicolai

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Table m-2. Low temperature hardening properi. ies of air blown asphalt fractions and blends. Table III-3. Parent asphalt HS, oxidation rate, and HR . Table IV-1. Estimated time required to achieve same degrcc of aging as RTFOT for Exxon AC-10 films... of varying I. hickness . 70 Table IV-2 Effect of air blowing conditions for Exxon AC- I 0, 325 'F, 70 min. 70 Table IV-3. Condensed volatiles and RTFOT mass change . 80 Table IV-4. Reproducibility analysis. LIST OF FIGURES P ige Figure I-l. Thin film...

  2. Short-Term Test Results: Transitional Housing Energy Efficiency Retrofit in the Hot-Humid Climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutherland, K.; Martin, E.

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project evaluates the renovation of a 5,800 ft2, multi-use facility located in St. Petersburg, on the west coast of central Florida, in the hot humid climate. An optimal package of retrofit measures was designed to deliver 30-40% annual energy cost savings for this building with annual utility bills exceeding $16,000 and high base load consumption. Researchers projected energy cost savings for potential retrofit measures based on pre-retrofit findings and disaggregated, weather normalized utility bills as a basis for simulation true-up. A cost-benefit analysis was conducted for the seven retrofit measures implemented; adding attic insulation and sealing soffits, tinting windows, improving whole building air-tightness, upgrading heating and cooling systems and retrofitting the air distribution system, replacing water heating systems, retrofitting lighting, and replacing laundry equipment. The projected energy cost savings for the full retrofit package based on a post-retrofit audit is 35%. The building's architectural characteristics, vintage, and residential and commercial uses presented challenges for both economic projections and retrofit measure construction.

  3. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar in the new home construction market; the risk mitigation value of renewable electricity; and customer

  4. Factors That Predict Short-term Complication Rates After Total Hip Arthroplasty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SooHoo, Nelson F.; Farng, Eugene; Lieberman, Jay R.; Chambers, Lauchlan; Zingmond, David S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    device implanted device for removal of prosthesis forremoval of prosthesis forremoval of prosthesis JRA, and RA with systemic JRA, and RA

  5. Long-and Short-Term Climate Influences on Southwestern Shrublands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to predict the ecological outcomes of climate change and direct human impacts. Interestin global change has body size to global warming during deglaciation (Smith and others 1995), and carbon isotopes from soil

  6. Next Generation Short-Term Forecasting of Wind Power Overview of the ANEMOS Project.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of difficulties to the power system operation. This is due to the fluctuating nature of wind generation to the management of wind generation. Accurate and reliable forecasting systems of the wind production are widely

  7. Intercomparison study of atmospheric mercury models: 1. Comparison of models with short-term measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the Irish west coast. The modelled concentrations of total particulate mercury (TPM) were generally 358, Roskilde, Denmark d NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, 1315 East West Highway, Silver Spring MD 20910 Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Tzarigradsko chaussee 66, 1785 Sofia, Bulgaria h Swedish

  8. Short-Term Monitoring to Diagnose Comfort Problems in a Residence in Central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kootin-Sanwu, V.; Sresthaputra, A.; Haberl, J. S.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    use of a bathroom fan may be drawing in more humid air through infiltration. Third, part of the homeowner's discomfort may be due to uneven heat gain on the first floor. Based on these observations we recommended that the return air duct be re-sealed... contractor who was given a copy of the report and asked to perform their own analysis on the house. The contractor performed his own tests and then decided to clean the evaporator coils, reseal the return chase and further increase the size of the air...

  9. A Calibration Methodology for Retrofit Projects Using Short-Term Monitoring and Disaggregated Energy Use Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soebarto, V. I.; Degelman, L. O.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    show that the differences between the disaggregated energy use based the monthly utility records and measured data are only 0.3% for the fan energy and 0.08% for lights and receptacles. SD. Wim DM So. Coolim Fm Liphtitq .Meawed Daa ODiszggrag...

  10. alleviates short-term cyclosporin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    response programs in wholesale power markets with congestion managed by locational marginal prices are derived from DC optimal power flow solutions for day-ahead energy markets....

  11. Global Sensitivity Analysis for the Short-term Prediction of System Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    and demand response programs in wholesale power markets with congestion managed by locational marginal prices the accuracy of the proposed prediction method. Index Terms--Wholesale power market, locational marginal price Marginal Prices (LMPs), the pricing of power in accordance with the loca- tion and timing of its injection

  12. allergen-dose short-term experimental: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    response programs in wholesale power markets with congestion managed by locational marginal prices are derived from DC optimal power flow solutions for day-ahead energy markets....

  13. affects short-term recovery: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    response programs in wholesale power markets with congestion managed by locational marginal prices are derived from DC optimal power flow solutions for day-ahead energy markets....

  14. Short-term Effects of a Partial Drawdown on Fish Condition in a Eutrophic Reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Berthou, Emili

    than roach (Rutilus rutilus) to poor water quality and a potential good indicator of water pollution. The weight­length relationship (i.e. condition) of roach and bleak also varied significantly during the draw- down following the same tendency in both species, losing and recovering their weight (4.99% in roach

  15. Short-term variability of overcast brightness Raymond L. Lee, Jr. and Javier Hernndez-Andrs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee Jr., Raymond L.

    overcast skies measured at 30-s intervals reveal unexpected temporal variability in horizontal illumi- nance E and zenith luminance L . Fourier analysis of these time series shows peak fluctuations overcast twilight E exceeds clear-sky E at the same Sun elevation. 2005 Optical Society of America OCIS

  16. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more dense spacing of solar plants. In this section we usedeviation of the Assuming a solar plant density of 20 W/msummer midday hours when solar plants are near capacity.

  17. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost 5 Sites Wind 25 Site Grid Solar Conclusions Our analysisanalysis of the potential cost implications of the vari- ability of PV compared to wind. analysis is to estimate the cost of providing additional balancing reserves to manage the variability of wind

  18. 1 Short-Term Advance Prediction of the San Simeon Earthquake ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilya Zaliapin

    2004-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    1International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Ac. Sci.,. Moscow; 2Institute of Geophysics and Planetary...

  19. Development of Short-term Demand Forecasting Model Application in Analysis of Resource Adequacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    calculated. Peak load and energy load for all months were ranked and top 5th percentile load were used

  20. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    deviation and 99.7 th percentile of deltas in global cleardeviation and 99.7 th percentile of deltas in normalizeddeviation and 99.7 th percentile of deltas in global clear

  1. THERMAL DEGRADATION OF A BLACK CHROME SOLAR SELECTIVE ABSORBER COATING: SHORT TERM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lampert, Carl M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    black show appreciable degradation ically or mechanically upGA, May ety THERMAL DEGRADATION A BLACK CHROME SOLARis ion, Ext. 781 THERMAL DEGRADATION OF A BLACK CHROME SOLAR

  2. International LNG trade : the emergence of a short-term market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athanasopoulos, Panagiotis G

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural gas is estimated to be the fastest growing component of world primary energy consumption. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply chain is a way of transporting natural gas over seas, by following a procedure of gas ...

  3. Short-term Wind Power Forecasting Using Advanced Statistical T.S. Nielsen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , in order to be able to absorb a large fraction of wind power in the electrical systems reliable short from refer- ence MET forecasts to the actual wind farm, wind farm power curve models, dynamical models of art wind power prediction system is outlined in Section 2. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP

  4. An Investigation of word encoding strategy and verbal short term memory in developmental dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Hazel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dyslexic children have been shown to have poorer phonological awareness and phonological memory skills than normal readers. Evidence from a number of studies shows that normal readers show impaired recall for phonologically ...

  5. American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT-TERM IRRADIANCE VARIABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    © American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT, as hypothesized in Hoff and Perez's optimum point. #12;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual is the factor that determines whether the combined relative fluctuations of two solar systems add up when

  6. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Even di?erent inverters within a single 13.2 MW PV plant infor di?erent inverters within a single 13.2 MW PV plant in

  7. Short-Term Oxidation Studies on Nicrofer- 6025HT in Air at Elevated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the use of solid state mixed ionic and electronic conductors. Nicrofer-6025HT, a nickel-based alloy, has been identified as a potential manifold material to transport the hot...

  8. Potential Effects of Short-Term Prey Changes on Sea Lion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    appeared to prioritize maintaining core growth rates even when energy was limited, electing to deplete animals, regardless of total energy intake. This mechanism has been hypothesized to have contributed lipid reserves to fulfill energy deficits, resulting in changes in relative body condition. In contrast

  9. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wind energy in studies that were often based on scaling the output of single wind turbinesturbine [3][10]. A large body of experience with and analysis of wind energy

  10. Freeway Short-Term Traffic Flow Forecasting by Considering Traffic Volatility Dynamics and Missing Data Situations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yanru

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    , assuming constant variance when perform forecasting. This method does not consider the volatility nature of traffic flow data. This paper demonstrated that the variance part of traffic flow data is not constant, and dependency exists. A volatility model...

  11. The influence of diet on the short-term lipid response to acute exercise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bounds, Roger Glenn

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    []4.4 % carbohydrate, 17 []2.4 % protein) and a high carbohydrate (CHO) (I 7 ?1.9 % fat, 63 ?3.2 % carbohydrate, 19 []1.0 % protein ) diet for two weeks in a randomized crossover design. On the seventh day of each dietary period, V02max was measured...

  12. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    93 Figure I-1: Electricty Use for a Specific Feeder in Santerritory. Figure I-1: Electricty Use for a Specific Feeder

  13. Studies of asphalt air blowing and development of a new short-term aging technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vassiliev, Nicolai

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lower temperature variation in the oil bath and better film agitation in the flask. At 163 'C (325 'F) for a sample weight of 200 g it takes 160 minutes to achieve the aging effect closest to that of the TFOT and 210 minutes to compare... on the operating temperature and was less at higher temperatures. A total of 300 g of heated material was placed in a 1 qt (07946 Ll can and air-blown with constant agitation by a mixer attached to a motor at 1550 RPM. An insulated heating tape was used to heat...

  14. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    017F.PDF KEMA, Inc. 2011. PJM Empirical Analysis of DemandMethods. Prepared for the PJM Markets Implementation~/media/markets-ops/dsr/pjm-analysis-of-dr-baseline-methods-

  15. Short Term Hourly Load Forecasting Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    Physical Sciences, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi for forecasting next-day hourly loads have been developed. Evaluated on data for the 6th year, the models give. INTRODUCTION Accurate load forecasting is a key requirement for the planning and economic and secure operation

  16. Short-term forecasting through intermittent assimilation of data from Taiwan and mainland China coastal radars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Ming

    ; published 29 March 2012. [1] Radial velocity (Vr) and reflectivity (Z) data from eight coastal operational, but the benefit is mostly lost within the first hour of forecast. Assimilating data from a single Doppler radar with a good coverage of the typhoon inner core region is also quite effective, but it takes one more cycle

  17. Integrating short-term demand response into long-term investment planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Jonghe, Cedric; Hobbs, Benjamin F.; Belmans, Ronnie

    2011-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    . In case of insufficient flexibility, wind power curtailment, also referred to as wasted wind [2], can help to instantaneously balance generation and demand when over- generation is a problem. As flexibility of conventional generation technologies... of load management is often facilitated by thermal storage applications for space cooling and heating applications. The final type of DSM program, flexible load shaping focuses on reliability. Programs allowing interruptible or curtailable load...

  18. Short-term supply chain management in upstream natural gas systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selot, Ajay

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural gas supply chain planning and optimization is important to ensure security and reliability of natural gas supply. However, it is challenging due to the distinctive features of natural gas supply chains. These ...

  19. system' --necessary for P. aeruginosa to cause a short-term infection --was reduced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewitt, David C.

    . Individual cells can be seen, surrounded by a sugar-rich matrix. (Courtesy Jon Budzik and the Ripple EM

  20. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_short-term_amendments2_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the same level of service under an existing power sales contract to the Intalco smelter in Ferndale, WA. These amendments would further extend this service for up to an...

  1. LONG-AND SHORT-TERM PRODUCTION SCHEDULING AT LKAB'S KIRUNA MINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweden. The iron ore mine currently uses a long-term production scheduling model to strategically plan the Arctic circle in northern Sweden, has been operational for more than a century. The mine currently

  2. Short-term and long-term reliability studies in the deregulated power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yishan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The electric power industry is undergoing a restructuring process. The major goals of the change of the industry structure are to motivate competition, reduce costs and improve the service quality for consumers. In the ...

  3. Assessment and Recommendations Overcoming in Short-Term Grid System Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intelligent Europe (EIE) DG-Grid Report D2 October 2005 #12;Acknowledgement This document is a result.dg-grid.org 2 #12;3 #12;4 #12;Contents Acknowledgement

  4. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    effects of distributed wind turbines. part 1. coherence andutilities by multiple wind turbines, IEEE Transactions onpower fluctuation of wind turbines: Analyzing data from the

  5. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Term power ?uctuation of wind turbines: Analyzing data frome?ects of distributed wind turbines. part 1. coherence andto utilities by multiple wind turbines. IEEE Transactions on

  6. Original Contribution Effect Modification by Community Characteristics on the Short-term Effects of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    communities for 1987 to 2000 from the National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study; US Census pollution. air conditioning; air pollution; continental population groups; income; mortality; ozone that the National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study and other large multicity studies examine

  7. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010. Quantifying PV power output variability. Solar EnergyOutput power correlation between adjacent wind power plants. Journal of Solarpower system demonstrate that scaling the output from an individual solar

  8. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Output power correlation between adjacent wind power plants, Journal of Solarpower system demonstrate that scaling the output from an individual solar

  9. Enhanced Short-Term Wind Power Forecasting and Value to Grid Operations: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orwig, K.; Clark, C.; Cline, J.; Benjamin, S.; Wilczak, J.; Marquis, M.; Finley, C.; Stern, A.; Freedman, J.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current state of the art of wind power forecasting in the 0- to 6-hour time frame has levels of uncertainty that are adding increased costs and risk on the U.S. electrical grid. It is widely recognized within the electrical grid community that improvements to these forecasts could greatly reduce the costs and risks associated with integrating higher penetrations of wind energy. The U.S. Department of Energy has sponsored a research campaign in partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and private industry to foster improvements in wind power forecasting. The research campaign involves a three-pronged approach: 1) a 1-year field measurement campaign within two regions; 2) enhancement of NOAA's experimental 3-km High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) model by assimilating the data from the field campaign; and 3) evaluation of the economic and reliability benefits of improved forecasts to grid operators. This paper and presentation provides an overview of the regions selected, instrumentation deployed, data quality and control, assimilation of data into HRRR, and preliminary results of HRRR performance analysis.

  10. Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is often noted that energy prices are quite volatile, reflecting market participants' adjustments to new information from physical energy markets and/or markets in energy-related financial derivatives. Price volatility is an indication of the level of uncertainty, or risk, in the market. This paper describes how markets price risk and how the marketclearing process for risk transfer can be used to generate "price bands" around observed futures prices for crude oil, natural gas, and other commodities.

  11. Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    smoothing effects at a wind farm, Wind Energy, vol. 7, no.fluctuations from large wind farms, IEEE Transactions on

  12. Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and smoothing e?ects at a wind farm. Wind Energy 7 (2), 61uctuations from large wind farms. IEEE Transactions on Power

  13. Are men really more `oriented' toward short-term mating than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    and research David P. Schmitt Bradley University Todd K. Shackelford Florida Atlantic University David M. Buss University of Texas at Austin Abstract According to Sexual Strategies Theory (D.M. Buss and D.P. Schmitt 1993 and temporal commitment associated with long-term, marital relationships (Buss and Schmitt 1993). In a meta

  14. Author's personal copy Short-term vegetation response to wildfire in the eastern Sierra Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebblewhite, Mark

    in unburned areas (Cook et al., 1994; Sachro et al., 2005), but the timeframe of this transi- tion varies (Cook et al., 1994; Merrill et al.,1980) and forbs (Merrill et al.,1980). Burned areas may also greenup earlier than unburned areas due to increased solar radiation and provide high quality forage early

  15. Short Term Energy Monitoring: What Does This Information Mean to the Facility Energy Manager?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, J. A.; Carlson, K. A.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    off. Major results for this test were: Lighting: The total demand level of all lighting was found to be about 277 kW. The lighting energy used during a typical academic workweek in the Engineering Physics Building-Office side was determined... 3). EPB teaching side has a higher demand, 2 10 kW than the EPB office side at 67 kW. After the lights, AHUs and pumps were shut off in the building, a baseload of 100 kW and 25 kW were found for the teaching and office sides respectively...

  16. Buildings in a Test Tube: Validation of the Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) Method (Preprint)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judkoff, R.; Balcomb, J.D. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Barker, G.; Hancock, E. (Mountain Energy Partnership); Subbarao, K.

    2001-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is extracted from a full-length technical report that presents a detailed analysis of the differences in thermal performance between the SIP and frame units and describes the validation of the STEM method.

  17. DOE/EIA-0202(84/1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la iliiiii3/P1Q)

  18. DOE/EIA-0202(84/2QH Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la

  19. DOE/EIA-0202(84/4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la3Q)

  20. DOE/EIA-0202(85/1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la3Q)1Q)

  1. DOE/EIA-0202(85/2Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la3Q)1Q)2Q)

  2. DOE/EIA-0202(85/3Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI la3Q)1Q)2Q)3Q)

  3. DOE/EIA-0202(85/4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook OBIS Quarterly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI

  4. DOE/EIA-0202(87/1Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI6/1Q)7/1Q) Energy

  5. DOE/EIA-0202(87/2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI6/1Q)7/1Q)

  6. DOE/EIA-0202(87/3Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI6/1Q)7/1Q)3Q)

  7. DOE/EIA-0202(87/4Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4 aI6/1Q)7/1Q)3Q)4Q)

  8. DOE/EIA-0202(88/1Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 4

  9. DOE/EIA-0202(88/2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 42Q) Energy

  10. DOE/EIA-0202(88/3Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 42Q) Energy3Q) Energy

  11. DOE/EIA-0202|83/2Q)-1 Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline353/06) 2Yonthly Energy : 42Q)2Q) 1992 2

  12. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsShedding LightShinyShoreiSpecial

  13. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsShedding

  14. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAll Tables Tables Table

  15. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAll Tables Tables

  16. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAll Tables

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAll TablesHighlights North

  18. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAll TablesHighlights

  19. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAll

  20. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund scholarshipsSheddingAllGlobal Petroleum and