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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Mesh Requirement Investigation for 2D and 3D Aerodynamic Simulation of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The accuracy of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to capture the complex flow around a small vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) on 2D and (more)

Naghib Zadeh, Saman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Axis-1 diode simulations I: standard 2-inch cathode  

SciTech Connect

The standard configuration of the DARHT Axis-I diode features a 5.08-cm diameter velvet emitter mounted in the flat surface of the cathode shroud. The surface of the velvet is slightly recessed {approx}2.5 mm. This configuration produces a 1.75 kA beam when a 3.8-MV pulse is applied to the anode-cathode (AK) gap. This note addresses some of the physics of this diode through the use of finite-element simulations.

Ekdahl, Carl [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

3

Performance Testing of a Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine , S. Tullis2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Testing of a Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine R. Bravo1 , S. Tullis2 , S. Ziada3 of electric production [1]. Although most performance testing for small-scale wind turbines is conducted vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWT) in urban settings, full-scale wind tunnel testing of a prototype 3.5 k

Tullis, Stephen

4

Drop Axis Ratios from a 2D Video Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results from an experiment to measure the drop shapes using a 2D video disdrometer (2DVD) are reported. Under calm conditions, drops were generated from a hose located on a bridge 80 m above ground, this height being sufficient to allow drop ...

Merhala Thurai; V. N. Bringi

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Path placement optimization of manipulators based on energy consumption: application to the orthoglide 3-axis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with the optimal path placement for a manipulator based on energy consumption. It proposes a methodology to determine the optimal location of a given test path within the workspace of a manipulator with minimal electric energy used by the actuators while taking into account the geometric, kinematic and dynamic constraints. The proposed methodology is applied to the Orthoglide~3-axis, a three-degree-of-freedom translational parallel kinematic machine (PKM), as an illustrative example.

Ur-Rehman, Raza; Chablat, Damien; Wenger, Philippe

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Solving the neutrino parameter degeneracy by measuring the T2K off-axis beam in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The T2K neutrino oscillation experiment will start in 2009. In this experiment the center of the neutrino beam from J-PARC at Tokai village will go through underground beneath Super-Kamiokande, reach the sea level east of Korean shore, and an off-axis beam at $0.5^{\\circ}$ to $1.0^{\\circ}$ can be observed in Korea. We study physics impacts of putting a 100 kt-level Water \\cerenkov detector in Korea during the T2K experimental period. For a combination of the $3^{\\circ}$ off-axis beam at SK with baseline length L = 295 km and the $0.5^{\\circ}$ off-axis beam in the east coast of Korea at L = 1000 km, we find that the neutrino mass hierarchy (the sign of $m^2_{3} - m^2_1$) can be resolved and the CP phase of the MNS unitary matrix can be constrained uniquely at 3-$\\sigma$ level when \\sin^2 2\\theta_{\\rm rct} $ \\ge 0.06 $.

Kaoru Hagiwara; Naotoshi Okamura; Ken-ichi Senda

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

7

Resolve the Neutrino Parameter Degeneracies with the T2K Off-axis Beam and the Large Detector in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk, we show the physics impacts of putting a large Water Cerenkov detector in Korea during the T2K experimental period. The T2K experiment which will start in 2009 plans to use the high intensity conventional neutrino beam from J-PARC at Tokai village, Japan. The center of this beam will reach the sea level between Japan and Korea, and an off-axis beam at 0.5^o to 1.0^o can be observed in Korea. For a combination of the 3^o off-axis beam at SK with baseline length L=295km and the 0.5^o off-axis beam in the east coast of Korea, near Gyeongju, at L=1000km, we find that the neutrino mass hierarchy (the sign of the larger mass-squared difference) can be resolved and the CP phase of the MNS unitary matrix can be constrained uniquely at 3-sigma level when sin^2(2theta_rct) simgt 0.06.

Naotoshi Okamura

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

8

Dual axis radiographic hydrodynamic test facility. Final environmental impact statement, Volume 2: Public comments and responses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On May 12, 1995, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued the draft Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility Environmental Impact Statement (DARHT EIS) for review by the State of New Mexico, Indian Tribes, local governments, other Federal agencies, and the general public. DOE invited comments on the accuracy and adequacy of the draft EIS and any other matters pertaining to their environmental reviews. The formal comment period ran for 45 days, to June 26, 1995, although DOE indicated that late comments would be considered to the extent possible. As part of the public comment process, DOE held two public hearings in Los Alamos and Santa Fe, New Mexico, on May 31 and June 1, 1995. In addition, DOE made the draft classified supplement to the DARHT EIS available for review by appropriately cleared individuals with a need to know the classified information. Reviewers of the classified material included the State of New Mexico, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Defense, and certain Indian Tribes. Volume 2 of the final DARHT EIS contains three chapters. Chapter 1 includes a collective summary of the comments received and DOE`s response. Chapter 2 contains the full text of the public comments on the draft DARHT EIS received by DOE. Chapter 3 contains DOE`s responses to the public comments and an indication as to how the comments were considered in the final EIS.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Drop Shapes and Axis Ratio Distributions: Comparison between 2D Video Disdrometer and Wind-Tunnel Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons of drop shapes between measurements made using 2D video disdrometer (2DVD) and wind-tunnel experiments are presented. Comparisons are made in terms of the mean drop shapes and the axis ratio distributions. Very close agreement of the ...

M. Thurai; V. N. Bringi; M. Szakll; S. K. Mitra; K. V. Beard; S. Borrmann

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Deposition of stress free c-axis oriented LiNbO{sub 3} thin film grown on (002) ZnO coated Si substrate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

C-axis oriented lithium niobate thin films have been deposited on Si substrate using RF sputtering technique. A thin buffer layer of c-axis (002) oriented ZnO on Si substrate has been used as a nucleating layer to promote the growth of (006) oriented LiNbO{sub 3} film. The processing gas composition and pressure are found to be very critical in obtaining stress free LiNbO{sub 3} film having desired (006) orientation. The LiNbO{sub 3} films deposited under unique combination of sputtering pressure (10 mTorr) and argon percentage (80%) in reactive gas (Ar + O{sub 2}) composition become almost stress free having lattice parameter (1.3867 A) close to the bulk value. The observed variation in the structural properties and optical phonon modes observed by Raman spectroscopic studies of the oriented LiNbO{sub 3} thin film with stress has been correlated with growth kinetics.

Shandilya, Swati; Gupta, Vinay [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Tomar, Monika [Miranda House, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Blade Offset and Pitch Effects on a High Solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT A high solidity, small scale, 2.5m diameter by 3m high Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT, performance 1. INTRODUCTION Small scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) show potential for urban rooftop turbines. Keywords: Vertical Axis Wind Turbine, VAWT, airfoil, pitch, blade, mount, offset, high solidity

Tullis, Stephen

12

Accessibility in 5-Axis Milling Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using algorithms from computer graphics, namely hidden line and surface removal, techniques have been constructed to derive the 3-axis visible or millable set of a computer model from a given orientation or simulate and verify machining toolpaths. In this paper, an approach that reduces the accessibility problem of 5-axis milling using a flat end tool into a 3-axis accessibility problem is discussed. Using this approach, global detection of possible gouging into other parts, while a 5-axis flat end mill is in use, is made feasible and collisions can be avoided. Key Words: NURBs, accessibility, 5-axis machining. 1 Introduction Several methods are in use, when freeform computer models are realized using milling machines. Possibly the most common approach utilizes a ball end tool with three degrees of freedom, namely translation in x, y, and z [1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7]. The ball end center of the tool follows an offset [8] to the model by the tool radius while the ball end surface is tangent to...

Gershon Elber

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Effect on C-axis transport properties of a critical state in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8}  

SciTech Connect

At low temperatures, the c-axis transport properties of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8} single crystals depend strongly on the magnetic field history for fields applied along the c-axis, indicating the effect of a critical state in the ab direction. In this study, the authors report zero field cooled (ZFC), field cooled warming (FCW), and field cooled cooling (FCC) c-axis transport properties. In addition, they also report magnetic relaxation measurements on the same samples to identify the c-axis dissipation mechanism. They observe a relaxation of the c-axis resistivity that follows the relaxation of the flux profile across the ab plane. By identifying the irreversible temperature vs. magnetic field for H // c, they construct a phase diagram of vortex states. Finally, they will discuss the implication of the phase diagram and the features related to the transport properties of the Josephson-coupled system and the role of pancake vortices in highly two-dimensional superconductors.

Cho, J.H.; Maley, M.P.; Bulaevskii, L.N.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

14

L .~$;2-3  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.~$;2-3 . .~$;2-3 . I * 7-x z "1 ' , ImdrL~~~Ql8hua _. -qu?a . )#UWC.jabaaen,~,filrtdond~~t0rl&lB ?llm!a cxfll cm%D~hXSI xm. m~?zk.T?s; tnKBmB;m Teym# &#I* fiaimdmlr, Ir8lorpuru~, baa rucan*- -a!tbntshakiedoun ~at$gmonItsmd$a)ai rrapko~t0p;lurt~tf3uln~a~,'pllxr uutub0rf;,l~% Tkmp3lultwillpro~aboth8nirlla2feedgredo umi t~Ymrgrudediaalaltra*orphatre llsd - 8tartttQru0u?ur~ pruduat t8unlm frcm FbH.c?u phosphata roe y&w memeL, lltzlab uoe8lna ~~tu~n~~ub~~~~~f~~~~~f~~~~l~ ad &ll be p\Wki tsJr the Ckmd.tim tn accxwdeme wftb Usa-tena ob tha mt 49tmJraut l#etmen ToGas or.* Qleabaa cnnd the cxR!ulaw~* The ati b fBe LawPStssion fur thlr ulutim all 0tRw8re f6iwlabp'd~A uruntull prw ctmud from dhar t.k#mauu abmlrceR0 kt88 Gttiy 4ib0dmla oantaqpllstrs a fcms81 ccm~ b&m ,oull-acalc upapt

15

BEAMLINE 2-3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 1.3 Tesla Bend Magnet BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DEE spot size flux...

16

Category 3 Case 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data Tab 3 Dr. Will Hert discusses systemic treatment options with the patient, Joan Gibson, for her stage 4 malignant melanoma of the right back. ...

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

table3.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption, 2002; Fuel Consumption, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.6 0.9 1.8 0.7 0.7 1.1 311 Food 1,116 230 13 19 575 5 184 1 90 7.6 311221 Wet Corn Milling 217 23 * * 61 * 121 0 11 1.2 31131 Sugar 111 2 2 1 22 * 37 1 46 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 7 1 1 36 Q 0 0 1 12.5 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 104 26 2 2 46 1 17 0 10 4.4 3121 Beverages 85 22 1 2 42 1 8 0 10 5.9 3122 Tobacco 19 4 1 * 4 * 10 0 * 1 313 Textile Mills 205 86 4 2 74 2 22 0 15 15.7 314 Textile Product Mills 60 17 2 Q 29 1 Q 0 Q 21.7 315 Apparel 30 12 * 1 16 * 0 0 * 23.2 316 Leather and Allied Products 7 2 * * 4 * 0 0 * 8.5 321 Wood Products 375 72 1 10 57 5 1 0 229 4.5 321113 Sawmills

18

AXI LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » AXI LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name AXI LLC Place Quincy, Massachusetts Zip 02169 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to make commercially feasible strains of algae for fuel production Coordinates 42.2363996°, -71.0200613° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2363996,"lon":-71.0200613,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

Tape 3, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

20

AFN 3-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 An Official Publication of the Clean Cities Network and the Alternative Fuels Data Center From the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Special Clean Cities Conference Issue Conference Issue Conference Issue ear Clean Cities Stakeholders: Summer is nearly over, but it wasn't that long ago when I stood among the more than 700 friends and supporters of Clean Cities at the Fifth National Conference and Expo in Louisville, Kentucky. It was an action-packed few days, complete with panel presentations, table talk sessions, exhibits, and ride and drives-with a little taste of Louisville's unique flavor in between. I would like to personally extend my thanks to Melissa Howell and the Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition, as well as the city of Louisville, for their

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Vertical axis wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis wind turbine is described. The wind turbine can include a top ring, a middle ring and a lower ring, wherein a plurality of vertical airfoils are disposed between the rings. For example, three vertical airfoils can be attached between the upper ring and the middle ring. In addition, three more vertical airfoils can be attached between the lower ring and the middle ring. When wind contacts the vertically arranged airfoils the rings begin to spin. By connecting the rings to a center pole which spins an alternator, electricity can be generated from wind.

Krivcov, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Krivospitski, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Maksimov, Vasili (Miass, RU); Halstead, Richard (Rohnert Park, CA); Grahov, Jurij (Miass, RU)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

22

Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DARHT Facility: A critical component of stockpile stewardship DARHT Facility: A critical component of stockpile stewardship A new research frontier awaits! Our door is open and we thrive on mutually beneficial partnerships, collaborations that drive innovations and new technologies. April 12, 2012 Dominic Tafoya and Dave Honaberger prepare a refurbished DARHT (Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrotest Facility) 2nd axis accelerator cell for magnetic axis alignment measurements. Contact Group Leader Terry Priestley (505) 665-1330 Email Deputy Group Leader Tim Ferris (505) 665-2179 Email Hydrotests are critical in assessing nuclear weapons in nation's stockpile Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test facility 4:17 How DARHT Works The weapons programs at Los Alamos have one principal mission: ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of nuclear weapons in our nation's

23

One-Axis Trackers -- Improved Reliability, Durability, Performance, and Cost Reduction; Final Subcontract Technical Status Report, 2 May 2006 - 31 August 2007  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this subcontract is to reduce the total cost of electricity generated by single-axis tracking solar energy systems for utility and other large-scale commercial applications by improving performance and reliability and by reducing installation time, cost, and environmental impact.

Shingleton, J.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9.3.2 9.3.2 Beamline 9.3.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:06 Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

25

Axis Technologies Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Axis Technologies Group Inc Axis Technologies Group Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Axis Technologies Group, Inc Place Lincoln, Nebraska Zip 68522 Product Designs, manufactures, and markets energy-saving and daylight harvesting electronic dimming ballasts for the commercial lighting industry. Coordinates 47.829403°, -118.419202° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.829403,"lon":-118.419202,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

27

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

28

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

29

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

30

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

31

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

32

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

33

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

34

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

35

t2t3.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3.60 3.61 3.61 3.62 3.62 3.62 3.62 3.62 3.64 3.65 3.66 3.68 3.69 3.71 3.72 3.73 0.3% Solar Thermal 0.36 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.33...

36

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

37

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

38

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

39

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

40

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

42

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

43

Beamline 11.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.3.2 Print 1.3.2 Print Inspection of EUV lithography masks GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 50-1000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Endstations The SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool Detector 2048 x 2048 EUV CCD Characteristics 900-1000x zoneplate microscope Spot size at sample 1-5 microns Spatial resolution 60 nm Sample format EUV Photolithography masks: 6" glass plate, multilayer coated for normal incidence reflectivity at 13.4 nm Sample preparation Cleanroom handling Sample environment 2.0 x 10-7 Torr base pressure Scientific applications EUV lithography Local contacts/ Spokespersons This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

44

Experimental and theoretical study of horizontal-axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in many of the large machines which are now operating . 1.2 Recent developments (prior to 1978) Since 1973 wind power has grown at a very rapid rate in both Europe and America. The number of horizontal-axis wind turbines which have been built... .1 Introduction 9.2 Wind velocity measurement 9.3 Concluding remarks re wind velocity measurement 9.4 Power vs. wind speed 9.5 POWer coefficient vs. tip speed ratio 9.6 Conclusions Chapter 10. Summary of conclusions and suggestions for further research...

Anderson, Michael Broughton

1981-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

45

Vertical axis wind turbine airfoil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis wind turbine airfoil is described. The wind turbine airfoil can include a leading edge, a trailing edge, an upper curved surface, a lower curved surface, and a centerline running between the upper surface and the lower surface and from the leading edge to the trailing edge. The airfoil can be configured so that the distance between the centerline and the upper surface is the same as the distance between the centerline and the lower surface at all points along the length of the airfoil. A plurality of such airfoils can be included in a vertical axis wind turbine. These airfoils can be vertically disposed and can rotate about a vertical axis.

Krivcov, Vladimir; Krivospitski, Vladimir; Maksimov, Vasili; Halstead, Richard; Grahov, Jurij Vasiljevich

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

46

Two-axis angular effector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of coplanar two-axis angular effectors. These effectors combine a two-axis rotational joint analogous to a Cardan joint with linear actuators in a manner to produce a wider range of rotational motion about both axes defined by the joint. This new class of effectors also allows design of robotic manipulators having very high strength and efficiency. These effectors are particularly suited for remote operation in unknown surroundings, because of their extraordinary versatility. An immediate application is to the problems which arise in nuclear waste remediation.

Vaughn, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM); Phelan, John R. (Albuquerque, NM); Van Zuiden, Don M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

The incommensurate magnetic structure of Er3Cu4Ge4 J M Cadogan1, D H Ryan2 and L M D Cranswick3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beam Centre, NRCC, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0, Canada E-mail: cadoganB, ordered along the crystal c-axis, with a propagation vector [0 1 2 0]. This is the free-ion Er3+ moment

Ryan, Dominic

48

Luminescence, energy transfer, and upconversion mechanisms of Y2O3nanomaterials doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+, Er3+, and Yb3+Ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Luminescence, energy transfer, and upconversion mechanisms of nanophosphors (Y2O3:Eu3+, Tb3+, Y2O3:Tm3+, Y2O3:Er3+, Yb3+) both in ...

TranKim Anh; Paul Benalloul; Charles Barthou; Lam ThiKieu Giang; Nguyen Vu; LeQuoc Minh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

t2t3.PDF  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Table 1. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source (1 of 3) (Quadrillion Btu per Year, Unless Otherwise Noted) New England 1999- 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008...

50

Beamline 10.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cells, capillaries, Si3N4 sandwiches). STXM samples OK. Sample environment Air, sample cooling to -30 C (Peltier) or 100 K (Cryo-Stream available). Typically 30 microns thick...

51

The Locked-in magnetic structure of Er3Cu4Si4 below J M Cadogan1, D H Ryan2 and L M D Cranswick3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beam Centre, NRCC, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0, Canada E-mail: cadogan vector [1 3 1 2 1 2 ] with the moments aligned in the crystal bc-plane, canted about 4 away from the b) moment was 8.6(1) µB, ordered along the crystal c-axis, with a propagation vector [0 1 2 0]. At 1.5 K

Ryan, Dominic

52

Professional Preface, 2 (3): Disney Land - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Professional Preface logo This story appears in The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society's student newsletter Professional Preface, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1-2.

53

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

54

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

55

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

56

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

57

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

58

cjue2e3.tmp  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

- - 67163 Informal Report Survey of Noise Suppression Systems for Engine Generator Sets Brookhaven National Laboratory C.R. Krishna J.E. Wegrzyn Work Sponsored by Communications and Electronics Command U.S. Army Program Managers E.A. Nawrocki S.N. Matthews October 1999 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Division Department of Applied Science Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven Science Associates Upton, Long Island, New York 11973 Under Contract No. DE-.4CO2-98CH1O886 with the United States Department of Energy Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nc.- any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility

59

On the Spin-Orbit Misalignment of the XO-3 Exoplanetary System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of the 2009 February 2 transit of the exoplanet XO-3b. The new data show that the planetary orbital axis and stellar rotation axis are misaligned, as reported earlier ...

Winn, Joshua Nathan

60

MHK Technologies/Vertical Axis Venturi System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Axis Venturi System Axis Venturi System < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage 275px Technology Profile Primary Organization Warrior Girl Corporation Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The proprietary venturi system uses two venturies one on the upstream side of the vertical axis turbine to force the water flow into the turbine and one at the downstream side of the turbine which creates a lower pressure region that pulls the water through the turbine The vertical axis orientation of the turbine is believed by the company to allow for efficiency gains

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A comparison of on-axis and off-axis heliostat alignment strategies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Heliostat installation and alignment costs will be an important element in future solar power tower projects. The predicted annual performances of on- and-off axis strategies are compared for 95 m{sup 2} flat-glass heliostats and an external, molten-salt receiver. Actual approaches to heliostat alignment that have been used in the past are briefly discussed, and relative strengths and limitations are noted. The optimal approach can vary with the application.

Jones, S.A.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

2.3.4.7. Humidity standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2.3.4.7. Humidity standards. ... The designs shown in this catalog are drift-eliminating and may be suitable for artifacts other than humidity cylinders. ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

&DOLIRUQLD&UXGH2LO3ULFHV  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

dark areas where demand exceeds supply and stocks are being drawn down to the ... Energy Information Administration &UXGH2LO3ULFH)RUHFDVW $0 $5 ...

64

TableHC2.3.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total................................................................... Total................................................................... 111.1 78.1 64.1 4.2 1.8 2.3 5.7 Household Size 1 Person......................................................... 30.0 18.6 13.2 1.4 0.7 1.3 2.1 2 Persons........................................................ 34.8 26.8 22.9 1.3 0.5 0.7 1.4 3 Persons........................................................ 18.4 12.8 10.7 0.5 0.4 Q 1.0 4 Persons........................................................ 15.9 11.5 9.8 0.6 Q Q 0.9 5 Persons........................................................ 7.9 5.9 5.3 0.2 Q Q 0.3 6 or More Persons........................................... 4.1 2.4 2.1 Q Q N Q 2005 Annual Household Income Category Less than $9,999............................................. 9.9 4.7 3.1 0.3 0.3 Q 0.8 $10,000 to $14,999.........................................

65

3.System Design Basis 2) MODELING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-0012) Vendor Prints 2) All equipments are modelled using the standard HYSYS unit operation models. 3) Butane BOG compressors with butane storage system is modelled for this report. 4) Modelling have been streams and out streams specifications for the butane storage tanks(T-1/2/3/4) with Butane BOG compressor

Hong, Deog Ki

66

3 445b 0377240 2 Mark Elless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, in depleted uranium - 0.75wt% (3.61at%) titanium and uranium - 2.2wt% (5.29at%) molybdenum alloys been used to characterise the microstructural and chemical changes occurring in depleted U - 0.75wt% Ti and depleted U - 2.2 wt% Mo during aging to peak strength. Strengthening in U - 0.75 Ti was found to follow

Hoffman, Forrest M.

67

Helical axis stellarator with noninterlocking planar coils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A helical axis stellarator using only noninterlocking planar, non-circular coils, generates magnetic fields having a magnetic well and large rotational transform with resultant large equilibrium beta.

Reiman, Allan (Princeton, NJ); Boozer, Allen H. (Rocky Hill, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Helical-axis stellarator with helical windings  

SciTech Connect

The equilibrium and stability of the plasma in a stellarator with a helical geometric axis and with helical external fields are analyzed.

Mikhailov, M.I.; Pustovitov, V.D.

1981-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

69

Oriented Event Shapes at N3LL + O(as^2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze oriented event-shapes in the context of Soft-Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) and in Fixed-Order perturbation theory. Oriented event-shapes are distributions of event-shape variables which are differential on the angle theta_T that the thrust axis forms with the electron-positron beam. We show that at any order in perturbation theory and for any event shape, only two angular structures can appear: F_0 = 3/8(1 + cos^2 theta_T) and F_1 = (1 - 3cos^2 theta_T). When integrating over theta_T to recover the more familiar event-shape distributions, only F_0 survives. The validity of our proof goes beyond perturbation theory, and hence only these two structures are present at the hadron level. The proof also carries over massive particles. Using SCET techniques we show that singular terms can only arise in the F_0 term. Since only the hard function is sensitive to the orientation of the thrust axis, this statement applies also for recoil-sensitive variables such as Jet Broadening. We carry out resummation at N3LL of singular terms for Thrust, Heavy-Jet Mass, the sum of the Hemisphere Masses and C-parameter. We also compute the Fixed-Order distributions for these event-shapes at O(as) analytically and at O(as^2) with the program Event2.

Vicent Mateu; German Rodrigo

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

70

Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3}, a new lithium-rich fluorooxoborate  

SciTech Connect

The new lithium fluorooxoborate, Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3}, is obtained by a solid state reaction from LiBO{sub 2} and LiBF{sub 4} at 553 K and crystallizes in the acentric orthorhombic space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} (no. 19) with the cell parameters a=4.8915(9), b=8.734(2), and c=12.301(2) A. Chains of fluorinated boroxine rings along the b axis consists of BO{sub 3} triangles and BO{sub 2}F{sub 2} as well as BO{sub 3}F tetrahedra. Mobile lithium ions are compensating the negative charge of the anionic chain, in which the fourfold coordinated boron atoms bear a negative formal charge. Annealing Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3} at temperatures above 573 K leads to conversion into Li{sub 2}B{sub 6}O{sub 9}F{sub 2}. The title compound is an ionic conductor with the highest ion conductivity among the hitherto know lithium fluorooxoborates, with conductivities of 1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9} and 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8} S cm{sup -1} at 473 and 523 K, respectively. - Graphical abstract: Repetition unit of Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3} is the third member within the family of lithium fluorooxoborates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It shows the highest lithium ion conductivity among them. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chains of interconnected fluorinated boroxine rings run along the b axis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Acentric space group meets the requirement for second harmonic generation.

Pilz, Thomas; Nuss, Hanne [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Jansen, Martin, E-mail: M.Jansen@fkf.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

AcqGuide3pt2.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 3.2 (March 2004) Chapter 3.2 (March 2004) Antitrust Teaming Arrangements [Reference: FAR 3.3, 9.6; DEAR 903.3; DCAA Contract Audit Manual Vol. 1, Section 4-705; FTC/DOJ Antitrust Guidelines for Collaborations Among Competitors (April 2000)] Overview This section provides guidance that is in use Government-wide to assist the Department's Contracting Officers in identifying whether certain contractor teaming arrangements may unduly restrict competition. Although no specific situations within the Department have been identified to date, circumstances involving anticompetitive teaming arrangements that may inhibit competition could arise in DOE acquisitions, particularly in major site/facility management acquisitions. Recent Government-wide interest in teaming arrangements has focused on the potential for such

72

Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetotelluric Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 4,827.00482,700 centUSD 4.827 kUSD 0.00483 MUSD 4.827e-6 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 6,206.14620,614 centUSD 6.206 kUSD 0.00621 MUSD 6.20614e-6 TUSD / mile High-End Estimate (USD): 17,239.291,723,929 centUSD 17.239 kUSD 0.0172 MUSD 1.723929e-5 TUSD / mile Dictionary.png

73

Conductor assembly formed about a curved axis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A conductor assembly of the type which, when conducting current, generates a magnetic field or in which, in the presence of a changing magnetic field, a voltage is induced. In the assembly a first layer, tubular in shape, is formed about an axis. The axis includes a curved portion along which a conductor may be positioned to define a first conductor path. The first layer also includes a curved portion having a shape that includes a curve extending along the curved portion of the axis. A first conductor is arranged about the curved portion of the first layer in a first helical configuration including a curved segment, helical in shape and formed about the curved portion of the axis. The configuration is capable of sustaining a magnetic field having multipole components oriented in directions transverse to the axis.

Meinke, Rainer (Melbourne, FL)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

MHK Technologies/Horizontal Axis Logarithmic Spiral Turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Horizontal Axis Logarithmic Spiral Turbine Horizontal Axis Logarithmic Spiral Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Technology Profile Primary Organization Golden Turbines LLC Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description A Horizontal axis Water turbine following the logarithmic spiral to generate clean electric energy from slow moving currents like rivers or ocean currents and with least impact on marine life and the environment because it doesn t require a damn or building huge structures Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 36:09.5 << Return to the MHK database homepage

75

T-613: Microsoft Excel Axis Properties Remote Code Execution Vulnerability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

613: Microsoft Excel Axis Properties Remote Code Execution 613: Microsoft Excel Axis Properties Remote Code Execution Vulnerability T-613: Microsoft Excel Axis Properties Remote Code Execution Vulnerability May 2, 2011 - 7:42am Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft Excel is prone to a remote code-execution vulnerability because the applications fail to sufficiently validate user-supplied input. PLATFORM: Microsoft Excel (2002-2010) ABSTRACT: Microsoft Excel is prone to a remote code-execution vulnerability because the applications fails to sufficiently validate user-supplied input. Attackers can exploit this issue by enticing an unsuspecting user to open a specially crafted Excel file. Successful exploits can allow attackers to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the user running the application. Failed exploit attempts will result in a denial-of-service

76

Eribium Doped Y2O3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Local Coordination on the Photoluminescence Properties of Er-doped Effect of Local Coordination on the Photoluminescence Properties of Er-doped Y2O3 Thin Films Miniaturizing the erbium-doped optical fiber amplifier (~20 m in length) into a small, compact amplifier that can be integrated with other optical and electronic devices on a single chip (optoelectronics) offers great promise in optical communication as an alternative to the electronic technology.1,2, The gain of these miniaturized devices is limited by the solubility, concentration, and distribution of optically-active Er3+ in a host material. 3 While incorporation of a high concentration of erbium is possible by ion implantation, the method does not allow for the control of spatial distribution or the activation of the ions in the host. This is critical at high Er concentrations, since non-radiative processes resulting from ion-ion interactions become dominant and significantly reduce the photoluminescence (PL) yield.

77

Table 3.2 Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Fuel Consumption, 2010; 2 Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. NAICS Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coal and Breeze Other(f) Total United States 311 Food 1,158 257 12 22 579 6 182 2 99 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 350 56 * 1 121 * 126 0 45 311221 Wet Corn Milling 214 25 * * 53 * 110 0 25 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 107 4 1 1 15 * 49 2 36 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 143 31 1 Q 100 1 2 0 4 3115 Dairy Products 105 33 2 2 66 1 * 0 2 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 212 69 5 3 125 2 Q 0 8 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 86 29 1 1 38 1 10 0 7 3121 Beverages

78

Phase Diagram and Spin Hamiltonian of Weakly-coupled Anisotropic S=1/2 Chains in CuCl2.2((CD3)2SO)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field-dependent specific heat and neutron scattering measurements were used to explore the antiferromagnetic S=(1/2) chain compound CuCl{sub 2}{center_dot}2((CD{sub 3}){sub 2}SO). At zero field the system acquires magnetic long-range order below T{sub N}=0.93 K with an ordered moment of 0.44{micro}{sub B}. An external field along the b axis strengthens the zero-field magnetic order, while fields along the a and c axes lead to a collapse of the exchange stabilized order at {micro}{sub 0}H{sub c}=6 T and {micro}{sub 0}H{sub c}=4 T (extrapolated to zero temperature) and the formation of an energy gap in the excitation spectrum. We relate the field-induced gap to the presence of a staggered g-tensor and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, which lead to effective staggered fields for magnetic fields applied along the a and c axes. Competition between anisotropy, interchain interactions, and staggered fields leads to a succession of three phases as a function of field applied along the c axis. For fields greater than {micro}{sub 0}H{sub c}, we find a magnetic structure that reflects the symmetry of the staggered fields. The critical exponent, beta, of the temperature driven phase transitions are indistinguishable from those of the three-dimensional Heisenberg magnet, while measurements for transitions driven by quantum fluctuations produce larger values of beta.

Chen, Y. [Johns Hopkins University; Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Kenzelmann, M. [Johns Hopkins University; Batista, C. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Reich, D. H. [Johns Hopkins University; Broholm, C. L. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

RSE Table 3.2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.2;" 2 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " " "," " "NAICS"," "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate","Natural","LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(f)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",4,5,25,20,5,27,6,0,10

80

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Foundation parameter study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The dynamic failure criterion governing the dimensions of prototype Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Foundations is treated as a variable parameter. The resulting change in foundation dimensions and costs is examined.

Lodde, P.F.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Chemical Management (Vol. 2 of 3)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

i i TS DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2006 AUGUST 2006 DOE HANDBOOK CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT (Volume 2 of 3) Chemical Safety and Lifecycle Management U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2006 ii Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web site http://standards.doe.gov DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2006 iii Foreword During the last several years, the Department of Energy (DOE) complex has averaged one chemical incident per day. DOE considers this rate to be unacceptable. In an effort to address

82

Marketing Strategies for Horizontal Axis Washers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal axis washing machines provide superior washing quality and gentleness as well as reduced energy use. This EPRI guide describes how utilities can effectively engage the horizontal axis washing machine market and the strategic and load-related reasons they should be interested in doing so. The guide covers topics ranging from a detailed overview of the marketplace to specific tactical advice that offers practical insights for any utility considering entering this new market.

1997-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

83

sup_t2t3.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

3.55 3.56 3.57 3.59 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.59 3.59 3.59 3.58 3.58 3.57 3.57 0.1% Solar Thermal 0.34 0.35 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.39 0.40 0.41 0.41 0.42 0.43 0.43...

84

3:2:1 Crack Spread  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

:2:1 Crack Spread :2:1 Crack Spread Figure 1 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Thomson Reuters. A crack spread measures the difference between the purchase price of crude oil and the selling price of finished products, such as gasoline and distillate fuel, that a refinery produces from the crude oil. Crack spreads are an indicator of the short-term profit margin of oil refineries because they compare the cost of the crude oil inputs to the wholesale, or spot, prices of the outputs (although they do not include other variable costs or any fixed costs). The 3:2:1 crack spread approximates the product yield at a typical U.S. refinery: for every three barrels of crude oil the refinery processes, it makes two barrels of gasoline and one barrel of distillate

85

Chemical Management, Volume 2 of 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2002 July 2002 DOE HANDBOOK CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT (Volume 2 of 3) U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2002 iii Foreword This non-mandatory Handbook is designed to assist Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor

86

2. Scope of application.....................................................................................3 3. Structure of the Financial Reporting Framework..............................................3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.4. Structure of the consolidated balance sheet........................................5 3.5. Structure of the consolidated income statement..................................5 3.6. Additional tables..............................................................................5 4. Accounting conventions................................................................................6 4.1. Trade date versus settlement date.....................................................6 4.2. Accrued interest and interest rate margin...........................................6

Core Information

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

5-Axis Freeform Surface Milling using Piecewise Ruled Surface Approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a 5-axis side milling scheme for freeform surfaces based on automatic piecewise ruled surface approximation. With this scheme, resulting surface finish is accurate and pleasing, and has a smaller scallop height compared to ball-end milling. The ruled surface approximation can be made arbitrarily precise resulting in an overall fast milling operation that satisfies tight tolerances, and smoother surface finish. The class of surfaces that can take advantage of this type of 5-axis milling operation includes both convex and saddle-like (hyperbolic) shapes. 1 Introduction The automatic toolpath generation for manufacturing of models consisting of freeform surfaces is a difficult problem addressed by numerous researchers [Bob85, Choi89, Choi93, Chou89, Elb93, Elb94, Fers86, Jera91, Lone87, Sait91, Spen90, Zhan86]. 3-axis machining [Bob85, Choi89, Fers86, Jera91, Lone87, Sait91, Spen90, Zhan86] is more frequently used than 4- or 5-axis machining modes. While deri...

Gershon Elber; Russ Fish

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Yaw dynamics of horizontal axis wind turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Designers of a horizontal axis wind turbine yaw mechanism are faced with a difficult decision. They know that if they elect to use a yaw- controlled rotor then the system will suffer increased initial cost and increased inherent maintenance and reliability problems. On the other hand, if they elect to allow the rotor to freely yaw they known they will have to account for unknown and random, though bounded, yaw rates. They will have a higher-risk design to trade-off against the potential for cost savings and reliability improvement. The risk of a yaw-free system could be minimized if methods were available for analyzing and understanding yaw behavior. The complexity of yaw behavior has, until recently, discouraged engineers from developing a complete yaw analysis method. The objectives of this work are to (1) provide a fundamental understanding of free-yaw mechanics and the design concepts most effective at eliminating yaw problems, and (2) provide tested design tools and guidelines for use by free-yaw wind systems manufacturers. The emphasis is on developing practical and sufficiently accurate design methods.

Hansen, A.C. (Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

RSE Table N3.1 and N3.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N3.1 and N3.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

N3.1 and N3.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N3.1 and N3.2;" N3.1 and N3.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N3.1 and N3.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " "NAICS"," "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","Natural Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(f)" ,,"Total United States" , 311,"Food",1,1,2,3,1,1,0,0,1

90

Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, IG-0599 |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, IG-0599 Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, IG-0599 The Dual...

91

Modular Off-Axis Fiber Optic Solar Concentrator  

interior lighting: Sunlight Direct, ... a Modular Off-Axis Fiber Optic Solar Concentrator, uses novel embodiments of an off-axis aspheric focusing system to achieve ...

92

Enclosed, off-axis solar concentrator  

SciTech Connect

A solar concentrator including a housing having receiving wall, a reflecting wall and at least two end walls, the receiving, reflecting and end walls defining a three-dimensional volume having an inlet, wherein a vertical axis of the housing is generally perpendicular to the inlet, a receiver mounted on the receiving wall of the housing, the receiver including at least one photovoltaic cell, wherein a vertical axis of the receiver is disposed at a non-zero angle relative to the vertical axis of the housing, at least one clip disposed on the reflecting wall an optical element received within the three-dimensional volume, the optical element including at least one tab, the tab being engaged by the clip to align the optical element with the receiver, and a window received over the inlet to enclose the housing.

Benitez, Pablo; Grip, Robert E; Minano, Juan C; Narayanan, Authi A; Plesniak, Adam; Schwartz, Joel A

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

DARHT Axis-I Diode Simulations II: Geometrical Scaling  

SciTech Connect

Flash radiography of large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives is a venerable diagnostic technique in use at many laboratories. Many of the largest hydrodynamic experiments study mockups of nuclear weapons, and are often called hydrotests for short. The dual-axis radiography for hydrodynamic testing (DARHT) facility uses two electron linear-induction accelerators (LIA) to produce the radiographic source spots for perpendicular views of a hydrotest. The first of these LIAs produces a single pulse, with a fixed {approx}60-ns pulsewidth. The second axis LIA produces as many as four pulses within 1.6-{micro}s, with variable pulsewidths and separation. There are a wide variety of hydrotest geometries, each with a unique radiographic requirement, so there is a need to adjust the radiographic dose for the best images. This can be accomplished on the second axis by simply adjusting the pulsewidths, but is more problematic on the first axis. Changing the beam energy or introducing radiation attenuation also changes the spectrum, which is undesirable. Moreover, using radiation attenuation introduces significant blur, increasing the effective spot size. The dose can also be adjusted by changing the beam kinetic energy. This is a very sensitive method, because the dose scales as the {approx}2.8 power of the energy, but it would require retuning the accelerator. This leaves manipulating the beam current as the best means for adjusting the dose, and one way to do this is to change the size of the cathode. This method has been proposed, and is being tested. This article describes simulations undertaken to develop scaling laws for use as design tools in changing the Axis-1 beam current by changing the cathode size.

Ekdahl, Carl A. Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

2.3 Understanding Chemical Reactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6/1/2011 6/1/2011 2.3 Understanding Chemical Reactions The molecular features that influence the rate of chemical reactions were poorly understood until the mid- 1960s, when Dudley Herschbach and his postdoctoral student Yuan T. Lee began a series of experiments at Harvard University. With funding from the Office of Science and predecessor agencies, they explained in detail how chemical reactions take place, and solved the problem of how to observe the random directions and velocities of molecules in a gas or a liquid. They developed an apparatus in which crossed molecular beams were used to vary the velocities and approach angles of reacting molecules. With this tool, the scientists discovered and studied long-lived complexes of reactants formed before a reaction was

95

OVIS 3.2 user's guide.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes how to obtain, install, use, and enjoy a better life with OVIS version 3.2. The OVIS project targets scalable, real-time analysis of very large data sets. We characterize the behaviors of elements and aggregations of elements (e.g., across space and time) in data sets in order to detect meaningful conditions and anomalous behaviors. We are particularly interested in determining anomalous behaviors that can be used as advance indicators of significant events of which notification can be made or upon which action can be taken or invoked. The OVIS open source tool (BSD license) is available for download at ovis.ca.sandia.gov. While we intend for it to support a variety of application domains, the OVIS tool was initially developed for, and continues to be primarily tuned for, the investigation of High Performance Compute (HPC) cluster system health. In this application it is intended to be both a system administrator tool for monitoring and a system engineer tool for exploring the system state in depth. OVIS 3.2 provides a variety of statistical tools for examining the behavior of elements in a cluster (e.g., nodes, racks) and associated resources (e.g., storage appliances and network switches). It provides an interactive 3-D physical view in which the cluster elements can be colored by raw or derived element values (e.g., temperatures, memory errors). The visual display allows the user to easily determine abnormal or outlier behaviors. Additionally, it provides search capabilities for certain scheduler logs. The OVIS capabilities were designed to be highly interactive - for example, the job search may drive an analysis which in turn may drive the user generation of a derived value which would then be examined on the physical display. The OVIS project envisions the capabilities of its tools applied to compute cluster monitoring. In the future, integration with the scheduler or resource manager will be included in a release to enable intelligent resource utilization. For example, nodes that are deemed less healthy (i.e., nodes that exhibit outlier behavior with respect to some set of variables shown to be correlated with future failure) can be discovered and assigned to shorter duration or less important jobs. Further, HPC applications with fault-tolerant capabilities would respond to changes in resource health and other OVIS notifications as needed, rather than undertaking preventative measures (e.g. checkpointing) at regular intervals unnecessarily.

Mayo, Jackson R.; Gentile, Ann C.; Brandt, James M.; Houf, Catherine A.; Thompson, David C.; Roe, Diana C.; Wong, Matthew H.; Pebay, Philippe Pierre

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Active curve axis Gaussian mixture models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM) have been broadly applied for the fitting of probability density function. However, due to the intrinsic linearity of GMM, usually many components are needed to appropriately fit the data distribution, when there are curve ... Keywords: AcaG, AcaGMM, Active curve axis, EM, Finite mixture models, GMM, Unsupervised learning

Baibo Zhang; Changshui Zhang; Xing Yi

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Prospects for Off-Axis Neutral Beam Current Drive in the DIII-D Tokamak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-axis neutral beam (NB) current drive (CD) (NBCD) has the potential to supply substantial off-axis CD for the demonstration steady-state, Advanced Tokamak scenarios. A modification of the two existing DIII-D NB beamlines is proposed to allow off-axis CD with NB injection (NBI) vertically steered to drive current as far off axis as half the plasma radius. The profile and magnitude of the driven current is calculated using the NUBEAM Monte Carlo module in the TRANSP and ONETWO transport codes. When the beam is injected in the same direction as the toroidal field, off-axis CD of approximate to 45 kA/MW is calculated at normalized radius (square root of the wtoroidal flux), rho = 0. 5 with full-width at half-maximum of 0.45 in rho. The dimensionless CD efficiency is comparable or somewhat better than that for electron cyclotron CD (ECCD) at the same location and plasma parameters. The efficiency stays nearly constant in going from on-axis to off-axis CD. The localization and magnitude of the off-axis NBCD are sensitive to the alignment of the NBI relative to the helical pitch of the magnetic field lines and thus to the direction of the toroidal field and plasma current. The driven current is still localized off axis for fast ion diffusivities up to 1 m(2)/s. The calculations show that the off-axis NBCD can supply much of the off-axis CD for the steady-state scenarios under consideration, leaving ECCD for fine-tuning of the current profile and real-time control.

Murakami, Masanori [ORNL; Park, Jin Myung [ORNL; Luce, T.C. [General Atomics, San Diego; Wade, David R [ORNL; Hong, R. M. [General Atomics, San Diego

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

RSE Table S3.1 and S3.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables S3.1 and S3.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

S3.1 and S3.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables S3.1 and S3.2;" S3.1 and S3.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables S3.1 and S3.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " "SIC"," "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Major Group and Industry","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","Natural Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(f)" ,,"Total United States" , 20,"Food and Kindred Products",1,1,3,5,1,6,1,0,1 21,"Tobacco Products",4,5,23,53,10,24,1,0,32 22,"Textile Mill Products",2,2,4,16,3,7,1,0,4

99

CMB Maximum Temperature Asymmetry Axis: Alignment with Other Cosmic Asymmetries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a global pixel based estimator to identify the axis of the residual Maximum Temperature Asymmetry (MTA) (after the dipole subtraction) of the WMAP 7 year Internal Linear Combination (ILC) CMB temperature sky map. The estimator is based on considering the temperature differences between opposite pixels in the sky at various angular resolutions (4 degrees-15 degrees and selecting the axis that maximizes this difference. We consider three large scale Healpix resolutions (N_{side}=16 (3.7 degrees), N_{side}=8 (7.3 degrees) and N_{side}=4 (14.7 degrees)). We compare the direction and magnitude of this asymmetry with three other cosmic asymmetry axes (\\alpha dipole, Dark Energy Dipole and Dark Flow) and find that the four asymmetry axes are abnormally close to each other. We compare the observed MTA axis with the corresponding MTA axes of 10^4 Gaussian isotropic simulated ILC maps (based on LCDM). The fraction of simulated ILC maps that reproduces the observed magnitude of the MTA asymmetry and alignment with the observed \\alpha dipole is in the range of 0.1%-0.5%$ (depending on the resolution chosen for the CMB map). The corresponding magnitude+alignment probabilities with the other two asymmetry axes (Dark Energy Dipole and Dark Flow) are at the level of about 1%. We propose Extended Topological Quintessence as a physical model qualitatively consistent with this coincidence of directions.

Antonio Mariano; Leandros Perivolaropoulos

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

100

A low order model for vertical axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new computational model for initial sizing and performance prediction of vertical axis wind turbines

Drela, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ESH100.2.IH.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Waste at SNL. ESH100.2.IH.4, Evaluate and Control Chemical Hazards. ESH100.2.IH.9, Enter Confined Spaces Safely. ESH100.2.IH.25, Control Chemical Hazards at SNLCA....

102

High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3-KNO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3- KNO2 Quaternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Generation.

103

table2.3_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu....

104

ESH100.2.SB.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Procedure Title Implement the Unreviewed Safety Question Process for Nuclear Facilities Procedure Manager COFFING, STEPHEN A. Status Active Subject Matter Expert Michael...

105

OOMMF 1.2a3 Patches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... (Thanks to RP Boardman for reporting this.) Solution: Apply this patch, and if you haven't already, also the the patch at item 3, and rerun pimake. ...

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Infrared phonon structure in epitaxial films of Tl sub 2 Ca sub 2 Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 10 at low temperatures  

SciTech Connect

We have used both bolometric and cavity techniques to obtain accurate submillimeter and microwave loss data for epitaxial thin films of Tl{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10} at low temperatures. These films have {Tc}=121.5 K, are c-axis oriented, contain some volume fraction of the 2:1:2:2 phase, and are characterized by excellent in-plane epitaxy. The absorptivity of these films at 100 cm{sup {minus}1} is a factor of five lower than that obtained by others from a reflectivity measurement on a ceramic sample. We observe strong phonon structure for frequencies between 70 and 600 cm{sup {minus}1}, which are in agreement with a lattice dynamical calculation. Our results show remarkably similar phonon structure to that observed in the ceramic sample. This is in strong contrast to the case for other high {Tc} superconductors such as YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}, where phonon structure observed in ceramic samples in absent in epitaxial oriented films and crystals because of the electronic screening due to the high conductivity of the a-b planes. At microwave frequencies the absorptivity follows a frequency squared dependence, and is consistent with the submillimeter results. 6 refs.

Miller, D.; Richards, P.L. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Lee, W.Y. (IBM Research Div., San Jose, CA (United States). Almaden Research Center); Newman, N.; Garrison, S.M. (Conductus, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)); Martens, J.S. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Tuning the DARHT Axis-II linear induction accelerator focusing  

SciTech Connect

Flash radiography of large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives is a well-known diagnostic technique in use at many laboratories, and the Dual-Axis Radiography for Hydrodynamic Testing (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos produces flash radiographs of large hydrodynamic experiments. Two linear induction accelerators (LIAs) make the bremsstrahlung radiographic source spots for orthogonal views of each test. The 2-kA, 20-MeV Axis-I LIA creates a single 60-ns radiography pulse. The 1.7-kA, 16.5-MeV Axis-II LIA creates up to four radiography pulses by kicking them out of a longer pulse that has a 1.6-{mu}s flattop. The Axis-II injector, LIA, kicker, and downstream transport (DST) to the bremsstrahlung converter are described. Adjusting the magnetic focusing and steering elements to optimize the electron-beam transport through an LIA is often called 'tuning.' As in all high-current LIAs, the focusing field is designed to be as close to that of the ideal continuous solenoid as physically possible. In ideal continuous solenoidal transport a smoothly varying beam size can easily be found for which radial forces balance, and the beam is said to be 'matched' to the focusing field. A 'mismatched' beam exhibits unwanted oscillations in size, which are a source of free energy that contributes to emittance growth. This is undesirable, because in the absence of beam-target effects, the radiographic spot size is proportional to the emittance. Tuning the Axis-II LIA is done in two steps. First, the solenoidal focusing elements are set to values designed to provide a matched beam with little or no envelope oscillations, and little or no beam-breakup (BBU) instability growth. Then, steering elements are adjusted to minimize the motion of the centroid of a well-centered beam at the LIA exit. This article only describes the design of the tune for the focusing solenoids. The DARHT Axis-II LIA was required to be re-tuned after installing an accelerator cell to replace a failed solenoid in March of 2012. We took advantage of this opportunity to improve the design of the focusing tune with better models of the remaining partially failed solenoids, better estimates of beam initial conditions, and better values for pulsed-power voltages. As with all previous tunes for Axis-II, this one incorporates measures to mitigate beam-breakup (BBU) instability, image displacement instability (IDI), corkscrew (sweep), and emittance growth. Section II covers the general approach to of design of focusing solenoid tunes for the DARHT Axis-2 LIA. Section III explains the specific requirements and simulations needed to design the tune for the injector, which includes the thermionic electron source, diode, and six induction cells. Section IV explains the requirements and simulations for tuning the main accelerator, which consists of 68 induction cells. Finally, Section V explores sensitivity of the tune to deviations of parameters from nominal, random variations, and uncertainties in values. Four appendices list solenoid settings for this new tune, discuss comparisons of different simulation codes, show halo formation in mismatched beams, and present a brief discussion of the beam envelope equation, which is the heart of the method used to design LIA solenoid tunes.

Ekdahl, Carl A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

108

High payload six-axis load sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable high-payload six-axis load sensor includes a table, a base, and at least three shear-pin load transducers removably mounted between the table and the base. Removable mounting permits easy replacement of damaged shear pins. Preferably, the shear-pin load transducers are responsive to shear forces imparted along the two axes perpendicular to an axis of minimum sensitivity characteristic of the transducer. Responsive to an applied shear force, each shear-pin load transducer can produce an electrical signal proportional to the reaction force. The load sensor can further include a structure for receiving the proportional electrical signals and computing the applied load corresponding to the proportional electrical signals. The computed load can be expressed in terms of a three-dimensional XYZ Cartesian coordinate system.

Jansen, John F. (Knoxville, TN); Lind, Randall F. (Knoxville, TN)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Accelerated Publication: Ge metal-oxide-semiconductor devices with Al2O3/Ga2O3(Gd2O3) as gate dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ga"2O"3(Gd"2O"3) [GGO] 3.5nm-thick, with an in situ Al"2O"3 cap 1.5nm thick, has been directly deposited on Ge substrate without employing interfacial passivation layers. The equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) of the gate stack is 1.38-nm. The metal-oxide-semiconductor ... Keywords: EOT, Germanium, High-? dielectric, MOS

L. K. Chu; T. H. Chiang; T. D. Lin; Y. J. Lee; R. L. Chu; J. Kwo; M. Hong

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

sup_t2t3.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table 1. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source (1 of 3) (Quadrillion Btu per Year, Unless Otherwise Noted) New England 2000- 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009...

111

Administrator Guide version 3.0.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Records 10.0 Logging 10.1 Job Logging 11.0 TroubleShooting 11.1 Troubleshooting 11.2 Compute Node Health

Prinz, Friedrich B.

112

1.3. Learning OOF2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The tutorials cover all of the OOF2 basics by ... introducing the features of the Tutorial window, and then ... to bring up all the major windows, and points ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

113

TransForum, Vol. 3, No. 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and hybrid vehicles powered by a variety of fuels. Page 2 RESEARCH REVIEW Ethanol Fuel Additive May Help Solve the Diesel Emissions Puzzle The quest to reduce...

114

3.2 Logfile Convertor Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLOG-2 file and close the window Since the Logfile Convertor launches a separate Java process to do the logfile conversion, it requires certain parameters to launch the...

115

Structure and Magnetic Properties of Cu3Ni2SbO6 and Cu3Co2SbO6 Delafossites with Honeycomb Lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The crystal structures of two Delafossites, Cu3Ni2SbO6 and Cu3Co2SbO6, are determined by high resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction. The Ni and Co are ordered with respect to Sb in the layer of edge sharing octahedra, forming magnetic layers with honeycomb geometry. High-resolution electron microscopy confirms ordering, and selected-area electron diffraction patterns identify examples of the stacking polytypes. Low temperature synthetic treatments result in disordered stacking of the layers, but heating just below their melting points results in nearly fully ordered stacking variants. The major variant in both cases is a monoclinic distortion of a 6-layer Delafossite polytype, but a significant amount of a 2-layer polytype is also present for the Ni case. The antiferromagnetic ordering with transitions, at 22.3 and 18.5 K for Ni and Co variants, respectively, is investigated by temperature and field dependent magnetization, as well as specific heat. The sharp magnetic transitions support the presence of well developed 2:1 ordering of the Co:Sb or Ni:Sb ions in the honeycomb layers. Neutron diffraction measurements at 4 K are used to determine the magnetic structures. For both the Ni and Co phases, the propagation vector is k = [100], and can be described as alternating ferromagnetic chains in the metal-oxide plane giving an overall antiferromagntic zigzag alignment. While orientation of the magnetic moments of the Co is along the b-axis, the Ni moments are in the ac plane, approximately parallel to the stacking direction. Bulk magnetization properties are discussed in terms of their magnetic structures.

Roudebush, J. H. [Princeton University; Andersen, N. [Technical University of Denmark; Ramlau, R. [Max Planck Institute for the Chemical Physics of Solids; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Toft-Petersen, R. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin; Norby, P. [Technical University of Denmark; Schneider, R. [Laboratory for Electron Microscopy, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology; Hay, J. N. [Princeton University; Cava, R J [Princeton University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Gamma spectroscopy of nuclei far from stability Institut de Physique Nucl eaire, IN2P3-CNRS, F-91406 Orsay, France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In such case, di erent magnetic substates of a given orbitals have not equal energy, those along the axis to predict what would be the shape of the ground state con gu- ext-2001-016 21/02/2001 in2p3-00018850,version to be spherical in their ground state con guration. With this requirement, it may be possible to isolate the e ect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

117

Energy Emergency Preparedness Quarterly Vol 2, Issue 3 - July...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - July 2013 Energy Emergency Preparedness Quarterly Vol 2, Issue 3 - July 2013 The Energy Emergency Preparedness Quarterly is published by the Infrastructure Security and Energy...

118

3-(2-Biphenyl)sydnone  

SciTech Connect

The title compound, C{sub 14}H{sub 10}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}, is one of many sydnones which have been synthesized in order to investigate the influence of substituents and sydnone-ring stability. There is medicinal interest in the sydnone if the ring can predictably release NO. Bond lengths and angles of the sydnone ring were compared with those of other published sydnone compounds and were found to fit the average of the published data.

Riddle, Gordon B.; Grossie, David A.; Turnbull, Kenneth (WSU)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

119

Feasibility and optical performance of one axis three positions sun-tracking polar-axis aligned CPCs for photovoltaic applications  

SciTech Connect

A new design concept, called one axis three positions sun-tracking polar-axis aligned CPCs (3P-CPCs, in short), was proposed and theoretically studied in this work for photovoltaic applications. The proposed trough-like CPC is oriented in the polar-axis direction, and the aperture is daily adjusted eastward, southward, and westward in the morning, noon and afternoon, respectively, by rotating the CPC trough, to ensure efficient collection of beam radiation nearly all day. To investigate the optical performance of such CPCs, an analytical mathematical procedure is developed to estimate daily and annual solar gain captured by such CPCs based on extraterrestrial radiation and monthly horizontal radiation. Results show that the acceptance half-angle of 3P-CPCs is a unique parameter to determine their optical performance according to extraterrestrial radiation, and the annual solar gain stays constant if the acceptance half-angle, {theta}{sub a}, is less than one third of {omega}{sub 0,min}, the sunset hour angle in the winter solstice, otherwise decreases with the increase of {theta}{sub a}. For 3P-CPCs used in China, the annual solar gain, depending on the climatic conditions in site, decreased with the acceptance half-angle, but such decrease was slow for the case of {theta}{sub a}{<=}{omega}{sub 0,min}/3, indicating that the acceptance half-angle should be less than one third of {omega}{sub 0,min} for maximizing annual energy collection. Compared to fixed east-west aligned CPCs (EW-CPCs) with a yearly optimal acceptance half-angle, the fixed south-facing polar-axis aligned CPCs (1P-CPCs) with the same acceptance half-angle as the EW-CPCs annually collected about 65-74% of that EW-CPCs did, whereas 3P-CPCs annually collected 1.26-1.45 times of that EW-CPCs collected, indicating that 3P-CPCs were more efficient for concentrating solar radiation onto their coupling solar cells. (author)

Tang, Runsheng; Yu, Yamei [Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology and Preparation for Renewable Energy Materials, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650092 (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

ESH100.2.IS.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Procedure Title Weld, Cut, and Braze Safely Procedure Manager HOOPER, LISA Z. Status Active Subject Matter Expert Diane Morrell Herman O. Armijo, Jr. (CA) Applicability, Exceptions, and Consequences This procedure applies to all Members of the Workforce, whose activities at Sandia-controlled premises include welding, thermal cutting, or brazing, such as, but not limited to the following activities: Working in designated welding shops. Welding, thermal cutting, or brazing in confined spaces. Using portable welding machines, including those on vehicles. Using welding or cutting torches in research and development (R&D) laboratories or test sites. Using oxygen-fuel gas torches and arc welders. Using open flame torches for brazing operations. For the purposes of this procedure, the following activities are not

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

??? ???????? ? ? ???? ??! " #??$"% & '? ()? & 0 1"??2%3 &?546 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B2CDFE@GIH5PQGSRUT GVP W)XYE`R Hba cdDFeXFf f)XgRhDdEpidq rfsa@ HtE`RhDvu. fwXsRxiby?Tv ! Rhc?i isP?R?Xd?dy GVPvc?i?? Epiby?G'...

122

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C I, szrpplkment au no 2-3, Tome 32, Fkvrier-Mars 1971,page C 1 -1184 MAGNETIC EXCITATIONS IN Ni-DOPED KMnF,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

River Nuclear Laboratories Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Chalk River, Ontario, Canada and R. H. W avecles observations. Abstract. - The magnetic excitations in a crystal of KMn0.97Nio.03F3 have been/ or resonant [2] impurity modes may occur. The measurements were carried out with a triple- axis crystal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

1 4 7 7 3 2 4 5 7 3 1 2 4 8 F A X : 5 7 3 4 4 6 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

( ) 3 19 19 ( TEN) TEN 2011 2011 5000 3 19 ( ) #12;( ) ( ) ( ) #12;( ) EMBA11 3 20 TOYOTA 11 EMBA EMBA TOYOTA #12;1. 2. 3. 3 31 1. 3 26 2. 4 2 4 9 4 16 03-5715131 31369 03-5724872 kyhuang@mx.nthu.edu.tw 1. 4

Huang, Haimei

124

Vertical axis wind turbine with continuous blade angle adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author presents a concept for a vertical axis wind turbine that utilizes each blade's entire rotational cycle for power generation. Each blade has its own vertical axis of rotation and is constrained to rotate at the ...

Weiss, Samuel Bruce

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Rectification of the chordal axis transform and a new criterion for shape decomposition.  

SciTech Connect

In an earlier work we proposed the chordal axis transform (CAT) as a more useful alternative to the medial axis transform (MAT) for obtaining skeletons of discrete shapes. Since then, the CAT has benefited various applications in 2D and 3D shape analysis. In this paper, we revisit the CAT to address its deficiencies that are an artifact of the underlying constrained Delaunay triangulation (CDT). We introduce a valuation on the internal edges of a discrete shape's CDT based on a concept of approximate co-circularity. This valuation provides a basis for suppression of the role of certain edges in the construction of the CAT skeleton. The result is a rectified CAT skeleton that has smoother branches as well as branch points of varying degrees, unlike the original CAT skeleton whose branches exhibit oscillations in tapered sections of shapes and allows only degree 3 branch points. Additionally, the valuation leads to a new criterion for parsing shapes into visually salient parts that closely resemble the empirical decompositions of shapes by human subjects as recorded in experiments by M. Singh, G. Seyranian, and D. Hoffinan.

Prasad, Lakshman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Theoretical tool movement required to diamond turn an off-axis paraboloid on axis  

SciTech Connect

High-quality, off-axis parabolic reflectors, required by the CTR and laser-fusion programs at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) and other ERDA laboratories, are currently manufactured by hand. There are several drawbacks to this method, including lead times of up to a year, costs in excess of $75,000 for a small reflector, and unsatisfactory limits to the tolerances obtainable. This situation has led to a search for cheaper and more accurate methods of manufacturing off-axis paraboloids. An alternative method, turning the workpiece about its axis on a diamond-turning machine, is presented, and the equations describing the necessary tool movement are derived. A discussion of a particular case suggests that the proposed technique is feasible. (auth)

Thompson, D.C.

1975-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

127

Pressure dependence of the c-axis resistivity of graphite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The c-axis resistivity of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite has been measured from 2 to 300 K under hydrostatic pressures of up to 40 kbar. A resistivity peak near 40 K, typical for this type of graphite at ambient pressure, rapidly diminishes with increasing pressure but does not shift its position with respect to temperature. This observation suggests that the origin of the resistivity peak is not in a strong electron-phonon interaction but is associated with a particular structural matrix of these artificially produced graphites. A model is proposed, based on tunneling between microcrystallites, which accounts for the peculiar temperature and pressure dependence of the resistivity.

Uher, C.; Hockey, R.L.; Ben-Jacob, E.

1987-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

A New Combustion Synthesis Method for GaN:Eu3+ and Ga2O3 :Eu3+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A New Combustion Synthesis Method for GaN:Eu3+ and Ga2O3 :Eu3+ Luminescent Powders G. A. Hirata1 between the precursors. The preparation of Eu-doped Ga2O3 powders was achieved using a new combustion)3 and Ga(NO3)3 as the precursors and hydrazine as (non-carbonaceous) fuel. A spontaneous combustion

McKittrick, Joanna

129

Resistivity in Y Ba2Cu3O6.333: Jennifer Jean DeBenedictis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upturn at low temperatures, but the ground state appears to be essentially metallic. c was fit to a model carrier-phonon coupling in the crystal, or the shape of the Fermi surface. A model due to Rojo and Levin of boson-assisted hopping along the c-axis is taken to be proportional to T 2 . This model is consistent

British Columbia, University of

130

Structure of trans-methyl 2-phenylhexahydro-2H-isoxazolo (2,3-a)-pyridine-3-carboxylate  

SciTech Connect

The title compound, a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition product, crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2[sub 1]/c, with a = 8.199(3), b = 16.908(1), c = 10.248(2) [angstrom],[beta] = 93.58(2)[degrees] and Z = 4. The structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full matrix least squares methods to R = 0.038 for 1687 observed reflections. The stereochemistry of this compound was found to have the [open quotes]ee[close quotes] conformation in the solid state as well as in solution. The piperidine ring in the molecule is in the chair form and the isoxazolidine ring adopts an envelope conformation.

Ul-Haque, M.; Horne, W.; Ali, S.A. (King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 Hata mm/10 min  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 () () () () () () () * () 1. (SWNT) SWNT (CVD) (CNT)[1] Hata mm/10 min SWNT (Super Growth)[2]Al2O3 Fe C2H4 SWNT Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 CVD SWNT CNT CNT 2 SiO2 Al2O3 20 (RBM) 1350 cm-1 (D-Band)Fe G/D RBM Fe SWNT Al 15 nm Fe 0.6 nm CVD TEM Fig. 3 3 nm SWNT

Maruyama, Shigeo

132

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Principal Commercial Building Types, as of 2003 (Percent of Total Floorspace) (1) Office 17% 17% 19% Mercantile 16% 14% 18% Retail 6% 9% 5% Enclosed & Strip Malls 10% 4% 13% Education 14% 8% 11% Warehouse and Storage 14% 12% 7% Lodging 7% 3% 7% Service 6% 13% 4% Public Assembly 5% 6% 5% Religious Worship 5% 8% 2% Health Care 4% 3% 8% Inpatient 3% 0% 6% Outpatient 2% 2% 2% Food Sales 2% 5% 5% Food Service 2% 6% 6% Public Order and Safety 2% 1% 2% Other 2% 2% 4% Vacant 4% 4% 1% Total 100% 100% 100% Note(s): Source(s): Total Floorspace Total Buildings Primary Energy Consumption 1) For primary energy intensities by building type, see Table 3.1.13. Total CBECS 2003 commercial building floorspace is 71.7 billion SF. EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption and Expenditures Tables, Oct. 2006, Table C1A

133

NMR Study of the Dynamics of ILs with -CH2Si(CH3)3 vs CH2C(CH3)3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Resonance Study of the Dynamics of Imidazolium Ionic Magnetic Resonance Study of the Dynamics of Imidazolium Ionic Liquids with -CH2Si(CH3)3 vs CH2C(CH3)3 Substituents S. H. Chung, R. Lopato, S. G. Greenbaum, H. Shirota, E. W. Castner, Jr. and J. F. Wishart J. Phys. Chem. B 111, 4885-4893 (2007). [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Trimethylsilylmethyl (TMSiM)-substituted imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (NTf2-), and tetrafluoroborate (BF4-) ionic liquids (ILs) have lower room-temperature viscosities by factors of 1.6 and 7.4, respectively, than isostructural neopentylimidazolium ILs. In an attempt to account for the effects of silicon substitution in imidazolium RTILs and to investigate the ion dynamics, we report nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of 1H (I = 1/2) and 19F (I = 1/2)

134

01&)2+2%+-0/.&$3+,&4)5647&2),8.*04&)7+,),&2,  

natural gas industry: methanethe major component of natural gas, hydrogen, and the ever-present water vapor. Figure 3 shows the conductance versus time during ...

135

CHEM2D. 2-D, 3-Phase Chemical Flood Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CHEM2D is a two-dimensional, three-phase, nine component, finite difference chemical flood simulator. It can model primary depletion, waterfloods, polymer floods, and micellar/polymer floods using heterogeneous one or two-dimensional (areal or cross-sectional) reservoir descriptions. This includes the ability to model primary depletion and waterflooding of an undersaturated oil reservoir and a polymer flood in which gels are injected with polymer or cross-linking chemicals are injected. One injection well and up to four production wells are available. The user may specify well performance as either rate or pressure constrained, and both a constant time-step size and a variable time-step size based on extrapolation of concentration changes are available as options. The major physical phenomena modeled in CHEM2D are: adsorption, capillary pressure, capillary trapping, cation exchange, dilution, dispersion, interfacial tension, binary and ternary phase behavior, relative permeability, specific densities, and polymer properties (inaccessible pore volume, non-Newtonian viscosity and shear thinning, and permeability reduction). Components include water, oil, surfactant, polymer, total nonsorbing anions, calcium, alcohol, calcium-surfactant complex, and sodium. Components may partition amongst the aqueous, oleic, and microemulsion phases. An auxiliary program, PHASE, is included to provide the CHEM2D user with a tool for looking directly at the phase behavior of a system. PHASE is the phase behavior calculation of CHEM2D coupled with a driving program for generating ternary phase behavior input data and for writing out tabular results. It can be used to compute phase concentrations and saturations as a function of effective salinity and total component concentrations and phase saturations (relative volumes) as a function of effective salinity for a fixed set of total component concentrations.

Burtch, F.W. [USDOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, OK (United States)

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Dynamics of the green and red upconversion emissions in Yb3+-Er3+-Codoped Y2O3 nanorods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient green and red upconversion emission in Y2O3:Yb3+, Er3+ nanorods under 978nm radiation excitation is achieved. Experimental effective lifetimes, luminescent emissions, and nanorod sizes depend strongly ...

O. Meza; L. A. Diaz-Torres; P. Salas; C. Angeles-Chavez; A. Martnez; J. Morales; J. Oliva

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Horizontal-axis clothes washer market poised for expansion  

SciTech Connect

The availability of energy- and water-efficient horizontal-axis washing machines in the North American market is growing, as US and European manufacturers position for an expected long-term market shift toward horizontal-axis (H-axis) technology. Four of the five major producers of washing machines in the US are developing or considering new H-axis models. New entrants, including US-based Staber Industries and several European manufacturers, are also expected to compete in this market. The intensified interest in H-axis technology is partly driven by speculation that new US energy efficiency standards, to be proposed in 1996 and implemented in 1999, will effectively mandate H-axis machines. H-axis washers typically use one-third to two-thirds less energy, water, and detergent than vertical-axis machines. Some models also reduce the energy needed to dry the laundry, since their higher spin speeds extract more water than is typical with vertical-axis designs. H-axis washing machines are the focus of two broadly-based efforts to support coordinated research and incentive programs by electric, gas, and water utilities: The High-Efficiency Laundry Metering/Marketing Analysis (THELMA), and the Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) High-Efficiency Clothes Washer Initiative. These efforts may help to pave the way for new types of marketing partnerships among utilities and other parties that could help to speed adoption of H-axis washers.

George, K.L.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

138

Mechanochemical synthesis and rapid consolidation of nanocrystalline 3NiAl-Al2O3 composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanopowders of 3NiAl and Al2O3 were synthesized from 3NiO and 5Al powders by high-energy ball milling. Nanocrystalline Al2O3 reinforced composite was consolidated by high-frequency induction-heated sintering ...

In-Jin Shon; In-Yong Ko; Seung-Hoon Jo; Jung-Mann Doh; Jin-Kook Yoon; Sang-Whan Park

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion.

Johnson, Kenneth C. (201 W. California Ave., #401, Sunnyvale, CA 94086)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion.

Johnson, Kenneth C. (201 W. California Ave. #705, Sunnyvale, CA 94086)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion.

Johnson, Kenneth C. (201 W. California Ave., #401, Sunnyvale, CA 94086)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion.

Johnson, Kenneth C. (201 W. California Ave. #705, Sunnyvale, CA 94086)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Vertical axis wind turbine control strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Early expensive in automatic operation of the Sandia 17-m vertical axis research wind turbine (VAWT) has demonstrated the need for a systematic study of control algorithms. To this end, a computer model has been developed that uses actual wind time series and turbine performance data to calculate the power produced by the Sandia 17-m VAWT operating in automatic control. The model has been used to investigate the influence of starting algorithms on annual energy production. The results indicate that, depending on turbine and local wind characteristics, a bad choice of a control algorithm can significantly reduce overall energy production. The model can be used to select control algorithms and threshold parameters that maximize long-term energy production. An attempt has been made to generalize these results from local site and turbine characteristics to obtain general guidelines for control algorithm design.

McNerney, G.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Two-axis tracking solar collector mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a novel solar tracking mechanism incorporating a number of practical features that give it superior environmental resilience and exceptional tracking accuracy. The mechanism comprises a lightweight space-frame assembly supporting an array of point-focus Fresnel lenses in a two-axis tracking structure. The system is enclosed under a glass cover which isolates it from environmental exposure and enhances tracking accuracy by eliminating wind loading. Tracking accuracy is also enhanced by the system's broad-based tracking support. The system's primary intended application would be to focus highly concentrated sunlight into optical fibers for transmission to core building illumination zones, and the system may also have potential for photovoltaic or photothermal solar energy conversion. 16 figs.

Johnson, K.C.

1992-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

145

Texture analysis of smooth in situ laser ablated YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 thin films on (100) SrTiO sub 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The texture of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} thin films on (100) SrTiO{sub 3}, grown by {ital in} {ital situ} laser ablation, was investigated by x-ray diffraction. The surface morphology is smooth with only 10{sup 5} cm{sup {minus}2} particulates of about 0.1 {mu}m in diameter. High-resolution x-ray diffraction shows that the {ital c}-axis of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} is epitaxially aligned with the (001) direction of SrTiO{sub 3} irrespective of the misorientation. The {l brace}018{r brace} pole figure of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} shows a fourfold symmetry which indicates that the films are ordered with respect to the substrate lattice. Moreover, the alignment in the {l brace}018{r brace} pole figure of the (220) reflections of SrTiO{sub 3} and the (018) reflections of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} indicates that over the whole surface of the film the {ital a}- and {ital b}-axes of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} are aligned along the (100) and (010) direction of SrTiO{sub 3}. The epitaxial nature of the films, the low density of particulates, and the lack of interdiffusion as concluded from secondary ion mass spectrometry measurements, allows for the preparation of heteroepitaxial stacks containing high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} superconductors.

Cillessen, J.F.M.; de Leeuw, D.M.; Kinneging, A.J.; Zalm, P.C.; Bongers, P.F. (Philips Research Laboratories, P.O. Box 80 000, 5600 JA Eindhoven, The Netherlands (NL))

1990-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Magnetic moments of T=3/2 mirror pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We predict values of the magnetic moments of T=3/2 proton-rich fp-shell nuclei in the mass range A=43-53, by using known values for their neutron-rich mirrors together with shell-model estimates for small quantities. We extend the analysis to those T=3/2 sd-shell mirror pairs for which both the T{sub z}=-3/2 and T{sub z}=+3/2 magnetic moments have been measured. We find that these obey the same linear relation as previously deduced for T=1/2 mirror pairs.

Perez, S. M. [Department of Physics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); iThemba LABS, P. O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Richter, W. A. [Department of Physics, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Brown, B. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States); Horoi, M. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Residential Energy Prices, by Year and Fuel Type ($2010) LPG ($/gal) 1980 2.24 1981 2.51 1982 2.30 1983 2.14 1984 2.10 1985 1.96 1986 1.54 1987 1.42 1988 1.39 1989 1.48 1990 1.69 1991 1.56 1992 1.40 1993 1.33 1994 1.27 1995 1.22 1996 1.37 1997 1.34 1998 1.15 1999 1.16 2000 1.70 2001 1.59 2002 1.42 2003 1.67 2004 1.84 2005 2.36 2006 2.64 2007 2.81 2008 3.41 2009 2.52 2010 2.92 2011 3.62 2012 3.65 2013 3.43 2014 3.60 2015 3.74 2016 3.79 2017 3.86 2018 3.89 2019 3.92 2020 3.96 2021 3.99 2022 4.02 2023 4.07 2024 4.10 2025 4.15 2026 4.19 2027 4.23 2028 4.26 2029 4.30 2030 4.34 2031 4.35 2032 4.38 2033 4.43 2034 4.50 2035 4.55 Source(s): EIA, State Energy Data 2009: Prices and Expenditures, Jun. 2011, Table 2, p. 24-25 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Table A3, p. 6-8 for 2010-2035 and Table G1, p. 215 for fuels' heat content; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for

148

Synthesis and Characterization of Th2N2(NH) Isomorphous to Th2N3  

SciTech Connect

Using a new, low-temperature, fluoride-based process, thorium nitride imide of the chemical formula Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) was synthesized from thorium dioxide via an ammonium thorium fluoride intermediate. The resulting product phase was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and was found to be crystallographically similar to Th{sub 2}N{sub 3}. Its unit cell was hexagonal with a space group of P3m{bar 1} and lattice parameters of a = b = 3.886(1) and c = 6.185(2) {angstrom}. The presence of -NH in the nitride phase was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Total energy calculations performed using all-electron scalar relativistic density functional theory (DFT) showed that the hydrogen atom in the Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) prefers to bond with nitrogen atoms occupying 1a Wyckoff positions of the unit cell. Lattice fringe disruptions observed in nanoparticle areas of the nitride species by high-resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) images also displayed some evidence for the presence of -NH group. As ThO{sub 2} was identified as an impurity, possible reaction mechanisms involving its formation are discussed.

Silva, G W Chinthaka M [ORNL; Yeamans, Charles B. [University of California, Berkeley; Hunn, John D [ORNL; Sattelberger, Alfred P [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Czerwinski, Ken R. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Weck, Dr. Phil F [University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6% 25% South 5% 18% 14% 37% West 3% 9% 5% 18% 100% Source(s): EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables, Oct. 2006, Table A2, p. 3-4...

150

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.2 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.2 Existing Regulations B3.2: Aviation activities Aviation activities for survey, monitoring, or security purposes that comply with Federal Aviation Administration regulations. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD June 21, 2013 CX-010654: Categorical Exclusion Determination Utilization of Savannah River Site Surface Waters for Wildland Fire Fighting on SRS CX(s) Applied: B3.2 Date: 06/21/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office June 13, 2013 CX-010419: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chevron Methane Leak Test CX(s) Applied: B3.1, B3.2, B3.11 Date: 06/13/2013 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): RMOTC April 4, 2013 CX-010350: Categorical Exclusion Determination Aerial Photography Activity Over the Proposed Richmond Bay Campus

151

Condensed phase preparation of 2,3-pentanedione  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A condensed phase process for the preparation of purified 2,3-pentanedione from lactic acid and an alkali metal lactate is described. The process uses elevated temperatures between about 200.degree. to 360.degree. C. for heating a reaction mixture of lactic acid and an alkali metal lactate to produce the 2,3-pentanedione in a reaction vessel. The 2,3-pentanedione produced is vaporized from the reaction vessel and condensed with water.

Miller, Dennis J. (Okemos, MI); Perry, Scott M. (Beaumont, TX); Fanson, Paul T. (Stockbridge, MI); Jackson, James E. (Haslett, MI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Condensed phase preparation of 2,3-pentanedione  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A condensed phase process for the preparation of purified 2,3-pentanedione from lactic acid and an alkali metal lactate is described. The process uses elevated temperatures between about 200 to 360 C for heating a reaction mixture of lactic acid and an alkali metal lactate to produce the 2,3-pentanedione in a reaction vessel. The 2,3-pentanedione produced is vaporized from the reaction vessel and condensed with water. 5 figs.

Miller, D.J.; Perry, S.M.; Fanson, P.T.; Jackson, J.E.

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

153

" East North Central",12.3,13.2,14.3,15.1,15.1,16.3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Households with Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions) " Number of Households with Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",72.2,77.7,81.3,84.6,84.9,98.9 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",13.9,15,15.2,16,14.7,17.7 " New England",3.8,3.7,3.6,3.9,4.1,5.4 " Middle Atlantic ",10.1,11.3,11.6,12.1,10.7,12.3 " Midwest ",18.3,19.5,20.4,21.1,21.6,23.6 " East North Central",12.3,13.2,14.3,15.1,15.1,16.3 " West North Central ",6,6.4,6.1,6,6.5,7.3 " South",24.7,27,28.3,29.5,30.2,36.2 " South Atlantic",12.2,13.8,14.2,15,15.4,20.4 " East South Central",4.9,5.2,5.4,6,5.4,5.7 " West South Central",7.6,8,8.7,8.6,9.4,10.1

154

Maple 2D and 3D graphics primitives. - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}}}{EXCHG {PARA 0 "" 0 "" {TEXT -1 171 "Examples of graphics prim itives for points, lines, and polygons in 2 and 3 dimensions.\

155

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 2015 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 35.0 13.0 8.1 21.6 0.0 14.0 70.6 29.2% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 33.8 33.8 14.0% Water Heating 13.5 1.9 1.5 3.4 15.8 32.7 13.5% Lighting 17.6 17.6 7.3% Refrigeration (4) 15.0 15.0 6.2% Electronics (5) 10.9 10.9 4.5% Wet Cleaning (6) 0.6 10.8 11.4 4.7% Cooking 2.2 0.9 0.9 3.8 6.8 2.8% Computers 6.3 6.3 2.6% Other (7) 0.0 5.2 5.2 31.3 36.5 15.1% Total 51.3 14.9 15.7 31.1 0.0 159.3 241.7 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.6 0.6 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.6 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes refrigerators ($12.3 billion) and freezers ($2.8 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($10.9 billion). 6) Includes clothes washers ($1.1 billion), natural gas

156

TransCom3 Level 2 Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Level 2 Data Set Released Level 2 Data Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of "TransCom 3: Seasonal CO2 Flux Estimates from Atmospheric Inversions (Level 2)", prepared by K.R. Gurney and A.S. Denning. This data set provides model outputs and seasonal mean CO2 fluxes from the Atmospheric Carbon Cycle Inversion Intercomparison (TransCom 3), Level 2 inversion experiment. This Level 2 experiment inverted for the spatial and temporal pattern of the residual CO2 sources and sinks. The seasonal inversion consists of a 3-year forward simulation (365 days per year) containing 4 presubtracted tracers, 11 SF6 tracers, and 22 CO2 tracers (11 terrestrial, 11 oceanic) (Gurney et al., 2000). Carbon fluxes were estimated for each month of an average year determined as the mean of the

157

On-Axis Brilliance and Power of In-Vacuum Undulators for The Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 On-Axis Brilliance and Power of In-Vacuum Undulators for the Advanced Photon Source (formerly MD-TN-2009-004) R. Dejus, M. Jaski, and S.H. Kim - MD Group/ASD Rev. 1, November 25, 2009: Updated the fitted B eff in Tables 1 - 3, and 5 to use two decimals in the fitted equation. Explained chosen gaps. Added clarifications in the text and added additional references. Edited by C. Eyberger for release as cleared document ANL/APS/LS-314; updated in ICMS. Rev. 0a, June 17, 2009: ICMS Initial Release (minor clarifications and corrections of typographical errors, added footnote "d" to Table 4). Rev. 0, June 16, 2009: First Release as Technical Note MD-TN-2009-004. Table of Contents Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 2

158

Airfoil treatments for vertical axis wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has taken three airfoil related approaches to decreasing the cost of energy of vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) systems; airfoil sections designed specifically for VAWTs, vortex generators (VGs), and ''pumped spoiling.'' SNL's blade element airfoil section design effort has led to three promising natural laminar flow (NLF) sections. One section is presently being run on the SNL 17-m turbine. Increases in peak efficiency and more desirable dynamic stall regulation characteristics have been observed. Vane-type VGs were fitted on one DOE/Alcoa 100 kW VAWT. With approximately 12% of span having VGs, annual energy production increased by 5%. Pumped spoiling utilizes the centrifugal pumping capabilities of hollow blades. With the addition of small perforations in the surface of the blades and valves controlled by windspeed at the ends of each blade, lift spoiling jets may be generated inducing premature stall and permitting lower capacity, lower cost drivetrain components. SNL has demonstrated this concept on its 5-m turbine and has wind tunnel tested perforation geometries on one NLF section.

Klimas, P.C.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Control system for a vertical axis windmill  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis windmill having a rotating structure is provided with a series of articulated vertical blades whose positions are controlled to maintain a constant RPM for the rotating structure, when wind speed is sufficient. A microprocessor controller is used to process information on wind speed, wind direction and RPM of the rotating structure to develop an electrical signal for establishing blade position. The preferred embodiment of the invention, when connected to a utility grid, is designed to generate 40 kilowatts of power when exposed to a 20 mile per hour wind. The control system for the windmill includes electrical blade actuators that modulate the blades of the rotating structure. Blade modulation controls the blade angle of attack, which in turn controls the RPM of the rotor. In the preferred embodiment, the microprocessor controller provides the operation logic and control functions. A wind speed sensor provides inputs to start or stop the windmill, and a wind direction sensor is used to keep the blade flip region at 90.degree. and 270.degree. to the wind. The control system is designed to maintain constant rotor RPM when wind speed is between 10 and 40 miles per hour.

Brulle, Robert V. (St. Louis County, MO)

1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

160

Three-axis particle impact probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Three-axis particle impact probes detect particle impact vectors along x-, y-, and z-axes by means of a head mounted on the outer end of a shaft that is flexibly mounted in silicone rubber at the top of a housing so as to enable motion imparted to the head upon impact to be transmitted to a grounded electrode secured to the shaft within the housing. Excitable electrodes are mounted in the housing in a fixed position, spaced apart from the ground electrode and forming, with the ground electrode, capacitor pairs. Movement of the ground electrode results in changes in capacitance, and these differences in capacitance are used for measurement or derivation of momentum vectors along each of the three axes. In one embodiment, the ground electrode is mounted at the base of the shaft and is secured to a silicone rubber layer at the top of the housing, providing for cantilevered movement. In another embodiment, the shaft is mounted at its mid point in a flexible bushing so that it undergoes pivotal movement around that point.

Fasching, G.E.; Smith, N.S. Jr.; Utt, C.E.

1991-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

8 8 2035 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 44.3 10.3 7.7 18.6 0.0 16.0 79.0 27.4% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 40.6 40.6 14.1% Water Heating 17.6 1.2 1.2 2.3 17.7 37.6 13.0% Lighting 15.5 15.5 5.4% Refrigeration (4) 17.0 17.0 5.9% Electronics (5) 14.2 14.2 4.9% Wet Cleaning (6) 0.9 10.4 11.3 3.9% Cooking 3.2 0.8 0.8 4.8 8.9 3.1% Computers 8.7 8.7 3.0% Other (7) 0.0 7.7 7.7 47.9 55.7 19.3% Total 66.0 11.5 17.5 29.6 0.0 193.0 288.6 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.6 0.6 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.8 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes refrigerators ($14.1 billion) and freezers ($2.9 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($14.2 billion). 6) Includes clothes washers ($0.8 billion), natural gas

162

TA Orientation 2004 Manager: _______________________ Activity 3a (2 points) Recorder: _______________________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TA Orientation 2004 Manager: _______________________ Activity 3a (2 points) Recorder to the questions. Group Product: Activity #2 Answer Sheets. #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 3a (continued) Page 26 of these "alternative conceptions" were successfully addressed by instruction? Which were not? #12;TA Orientation 2004

Minnesota, University of

163

Solvothermal synthesis of Gd2O3: Eu3+ luminescent nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uniform Gd2O3 : Eu3+ luminescent nanowires were prepared on a large scale by a facile solvothermal method using polyethylene glycol (PEG-2000) as template and ethanol as solvent; the properties and the structure were ...

Guixia Liu; Song Zhang; Xiangting Dong; Jinxian Wang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Luminescent properties of Y2O3:Eu3+ nanocrystals prepared by molten salt synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of red phosphors Y2O3:Eu3+ were prepared by the molten salt method with different surfactants. Their structures, morphologies, and the photoluminescent properties were investigated at room temperature. The particles ...

Lijun Luo, Fenfen Hu, Li Xiong, Xiaofan Li, Meili Zhou, Zhengliang Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A3 Meyer/Jung 1 2.1 Teilprojekt A3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

¨ at Chemnitz SFB 393 ARBEITS-- UND ERGEBNISBERICHT 1999--2000--2001 SFB 393 An die Deutsche.1 Wissenschaftliche Entwicklung des Sonderforschungsbereichs . . . . 9 1.2 Entwicklung der Kooperation im, wissenschaftliche Kontakte . . . . . . . . . 310 3.1.3.1 Gastwissenschaftler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310

Chemnitz, Technische Universität

166

Characterization of Ultrathin Films of -Al2O3 and the Chemistry of 1,3-Butadiene on NiAl(001) and -Al2O3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization of Ultrathin Films of -Al2O3 and the Chemistry of 1,3-Butadiene on NiAl(001) and -Al2O3 Michelle M. Ivey, Kathryn A. Layman, Armen Avoyan, Heather C. Allen, and John C. HemmingerVine, California 92697 ReceiVed: October 3, 2002; In Final Form: March 27, 2003 Ultrathin films of -Al2O3 grown

167

The triple axis spectrometer at the new research reactor OPAL ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The triple axis spectrometer at the new research reactor OPAL in Australia. ... The TAS will be based on a thermal beam at the reactor face. ...

168

Solasta aka The Eagle Axis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Solasta (aka The Eagle Axis) Place Newton, Massachusetts Zip 2458 Sector Efficiency, Solar Product Start-up planning to produce high-efficiency solar cells using...

169

DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT, supports a critical component of LANL's primary mission: to ensure...

170

bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3diamine]manganese(II) (1/2/1) In-Chul Hwang a and Kwang Ha b *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R factor = 0.045; wR factor = 0.116; data-to-parameter ratio = 16.6. There are three different Mn II complexes in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Mn(C15H16N4)(H2O)2]Br2-2{[MnBr(C15H16N4)(H2O)]Br} [MnBr2(C15H16N4)]. In the neutral complex, the Mn 2+ ion is six-coordinated in a distorted octahedral environment by four N atoms of the tetradentate ligand N,N0-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3-diamine (bppd) and two bromide ligands. In the two cationic complexes, the Mn 2+ ions are also six-coordinated in similar environments, but one Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd, one Br atom and one O atom of a coordinating water molecule, whereas the other Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd and two O atoms of water ligands. The complexes with two coordinated Br atoms or two H2O ligands are disposed about a twofold axis through Mn and C atoms with the special positions ( 1 1 2, y, 0) and (0, y,

Monoclinic C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 2025 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 39.7 11.5 7.8 19.9 0.0 15.0 74.5 28.6% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 36.2 36.2 13.9% Water Heating 16.0 1.4 1.3 2.7 17.1 35.9 13.8% Lighting 15.2 15.2 5.8% Refrigeration (4) 15.5 15.5 6.0% Electronics (5) 12.0 12.0 4.6% Wet Cleaning (6) 0.8 9.8 10.5 4.1% Cooking 2.7 0.8 0.8 4.3 7.8 3.0% Computers 7.7 7.7 2.9% Other (7) 0.0 6.4 6.4 38.7 45.0 17.3% Total 59.1 12.9 16.3 29.8 0.0 171.3 260.3 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.6 0.6 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.7 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes refrigerators ($12.7 billion) and freezers ($2.8 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($12 billion). 6) Includes clothes washers ($0.8 billion), natural gas

172

CSY3019 -Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 2D/3D graphics software: Java 3D (50%)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSY3019 - Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 2D/3D graphics software: Java 3D (50, directional, point and spot lighting (to model windows and/or strip lights). · User defined or loaded geometry. Front Sheet & Title Page · Table of contents · Introduction · Analysis · Design · Implementation

Hill, Gary

173

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 2010 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 38.7 11.2 8.0 19.8 0.0 14.3 72.9 28.9% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 35.4 35.4 14.0% Water Heating (4) 14.3 2.1 2.0 4.0 14.2 32.6 12.9% Lighting 22.6 22.6 9.0% Refrigeration (5) 14.9 14.9 5.9% Electronics (6) 17.8 17.8 7.1% Cooking 2.4 0.8 0.8 6.0 9.2 3.7% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.6 10.7 11.3 4.5% Computers 5.6 5.6 2.2% Other (8) 0.0 4.4 4.4 6.7 11.1 4.4% Adjust to SEDS (9) 13.6 13.6 5.4% Total 56.1 13.3 15.2 29.0 0.0 166.8 251.8 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.5 0.5 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.5 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes residential recreational water heating ($1.4 billion). 5) Includes refrigerators ($15.3 billion) and freezers ($4.4 billion). 6) Includes color televisions ($11.0

174

Diagnostic X-Multi-Axis Beamline  

SciTech Connect

Tomographic reconstruction of explosive events require time resolved multipal lines of sight. Considered here is a four (or eight) line of sight beam layout for a nominal 20 MeV 2000 Ampere 2 microsecond electron beam for generation of x-rays 0.9 to 5 meters from a given point, the ''firing point''. The requirement of a millimeter spatial x-ray source requires that the electron beam be delivered to the converter targets with sub-millimeter precision independent of small variations in beam energy and initial conditions. The 2 usec electron beam pulse allows for four bursts in each line, separated in time by about 500 microseconds. Each burst is divided by a electro-magnetic kicker into four (or eight) pulses, one for each beamline. The arrival time of the four (or eight) beam pulses at the x-ray target can be adjusted by the kicker timing and the sequence that the beams of each burst are switched into the different beamlines. There exists a simple conceptual path from a four beamline to a eight beamline upgrade. The eight line beamline is built up from seven unique types of sub-systems or ''blocks''. The beamline consists of 22 of these functional blocks and contains a total of 455 individual magnets, figure 1. The 22 blocks are inter-connected by a total of 30 straight line inter-block sections (IBS). Beamlines 1-4 are built from 12 blocks with conceptual layout structure shown in figure 2. Beamlines 5-8 are built with an additional 10 blocks with conceptual layout structure shown in figure 3. This beamline can be thought of as looking like a lollipop consisting of a 42 meter long stick leading to a 60 by 70 meter rectangular candy blob consisting of the eight lines of sight. The accelerator providing the electron beam is at the end of the stick and the firing point is at the center of the blob. The design allows for a two stage implementation. Beamlines 1-3 can be installed to provide a tomographic azimuthal resolution of 45 degrees. An upgrade can later be made by adding beamlines 5-8 azimuthally indexed so as to provide an azimuthal resolution of 22.5 degrees. All eight beamlines point down by 10 degrees (pitch). The x-ray converter target can be located along each beamline anywhere between 0 to 5 meters from the firing point. An example of inter-facing the Diagnostic X facility with the Darht II accelerator located at LANL will be given.

Paul, A C

2000-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

175

In-plane ESR microwave conductivity measurements and electronic band structure studies of the organic superconductor, {beta}'-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3}.  

SciTech Connect

The electronic structure of the organic superconductor {beta}''-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} (BEDT-TTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene) was characterized with the use of electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and electronic band structure calculations. The room-temperature ESR line width is 24-27 G in the plane of a donor molecule layer (i.e., in the ab-plane) and {approx}32 G along the normal to this plane (i.e., along the c*-direction). The ab-plane anisotropy of the microwave conductivity was extracted for the first time from the ESR Dysonian line shape analysis. The in-plane conductivity varies sinusoidally, is maximal along the interstack direction (b-axis), and is minimal along the donor stack direction (a-axis). The Fermi surfaces of the title compound consist of a 2D hole pocket and a pair of 1D wavy lines. The directions for the in-plane conductivity maximum and minimum are in excellent agreement with the electronic band structure calculated for {beta}''-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3}, and the origin of the in-plane conductivity anisotropy lies in the one-dimensional part of the Fermi surface. This is the first time that an organic conductor shows Dysonian ESR line shape due to its 2D and strongly metallic nature, yet the 1D character is revealed simultaneously through the in-plane conductivity anisotropy.

Wang, H. H.; VanZile, M. L.; Schlueter, J. A.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A. M.; Sche, P. P.; Koo, H.-J.; Whangbo, M.-H.; Nixon, P. G.; Winter, R. W.; Gard, G. L.; Chemistry; North Carolina State Univ.; Portland State Univ.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Spin-stabilized magnetic levitation without vertical axis of rotation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The symmetry properties of a magnetic levitation arrangement are exploited to produce spin-stabilized magnetic levitation without aligning the rotational axis of the rotor with the direction of the force of gravity. The rotation of the rotor stabilizes perturbations directed parallel to the rotational axis.

Romero, Louis (Albuquerque, NM); Christenson, Todd (Albuquerque, NM); Aaronson, Gene (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

177

FOS 4.3.6 FG-2u FIPS Level 2 Security Policy.book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. FSM1 FSM2 FSM3 FSM4 SHUT DOWN POWER STATUS HA ALARM CONSOLE USB MGMT 1 MGMT 2 FortiGate 3140B NP4-1 NP4-2 1 4 ...

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

178

Optical Properties of {beta}''-(ET){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} : a novel superconductor with large discrete counterions.''  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The optical spectra of the organic superconductor {beta}{double_prime}-(ET){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} are measured over a wide spectral range (30-35000 cm{sup {minus}1}) as a function of temperature and polarization. The optical anisotropy is quite large compared with other ET-based organic superconductors, and the spectra are far from Drude-like over the full temperature range. A broad electronic band centered near 1000 cm{sup {minus}1} is observed at low temperature along the a axis, prior to the superconducting transition. The changes of vibrational features near 120 K are attributed to a weak reorientation of the counterion, which may affect hydrogen bonding in the material.

Dong, J.

1998-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

179

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Current Forecast: December 10, 2013; Previous Forecast: November 13, 2013 Current Forecast: December 10, 2013; Previous Forecast: November 13, 2013 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2011 2012 2013 2014 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 U.S. Energy Supply U.S. Crude Oil Production (million barrels per day) Current 6.22 6.29 6.42 7.02 7.11 7.29 7.61 7.97 8.26 8.45 8.57 8.86 5.65 6.49 7.50 8.54 14.8% 15.6% 13.8% Previous 6.22 6.30 6.43 7.04 7.13 7.30 7.60 7.91 8.22 8.40 8.52 8.80 5.65 6.50 7.49 8.49 15.0% 15.2% 13.3% Percent Change 0.0% -0.1% -0.2% -0.2% -0.3% -0.1% 0.1% 0.7% 0.5% 0.5% 0.6% 0.6% 0.0% -0.1% 0.1% 0.6% U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (billion cubic feet per day) Current 65.40 65.49 65.76 66.34 65.78 66.50 67.11 67.88 67.99 67.74 67.37 67.70 62.74 65.75 66.82 67.70 4.8% 1.6% 1.3% Previous 65.40 65.49 65.76 66.34 65.78 66.50 67.11 67.30 67.47 67.41 67.04 67.37 62.74 65.75 66.68 67.32

180

Photon transitions in Upsilon(2S) and Upsilon(3S)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the inclusive photon spectra in Upsilon(2S) and \\Upsilon(3S) decays using a large statistics data sample obtained with the CLEO III detector. We present the most precise measurements of electric dipole (E1) photon transition rates and photon energies for Upsilon(2S)->gamma chi_bJ(1P) and Upsilon(3S)->gamma chi_bJ(2P) J=0,1,2. We measure the rate for a rare E1 transition Upsilon(3S)->gamma chi_b0(1P) for the first time. We also set upper limits on the rates for the hindered magnetic dipole (M1) transitions to the eta_b(1S) and eta_b(2S) states.

M. Artuso; for the CLEO Collaboration

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ITOUGH2 command reference. Version 3.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains a detailed description of all ITOUGH2 commands. It complements the ITOUGH2 User`s Guide and the collection of ITOUGH2 sample problems. ITOUGH2 is a program for parameter estimation, sensitivity analysis, and uncertainty propagation analysis. It is based on the TOUGH2 simulator for non-isothermal multiphase flow in fractured and porous media. Extensive experience in using TOUGH2 is a prerequisite for using ITOUGH2. The preparation of an input file for TOUGH2 or its derivatives is described in separate manuals and is not part of this report. The ITOUGH2 user`s guide summarizes the inverse modeling theory pertaining to ITOUGH2, and describes the program output. Furthermore, information about code architecture and installation are given. In Chapter 2 of this report, a brief summary of inverse modeling theory is given to restate the main concepts implemented in ITOUGH2 and to introduce certain definitions. Chapter 3 introduces the basic concepts of the ITHOUGH2 input language and the main structure of an ITOUGH2 input file. Chapter 4, the main part of this report, provides detailed descriptions of each ITOUGH2 command in alphabetical order. It is complemented by a command index in Appendix B in which the commands are given in logical order. The content of Chapter 4 is also available on-line using command it2help. Chapter 5 describes the usage of the UNIX script files for executing, checking, and terminating ITOUGH2 simulations.

Finsterle, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

SO3/H2SO4 Measurement Techniques and Instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sulfur trioxide (SO3) is the principal condensable from coal-fired boilers. Measuring SO3 and its reaction product sulfuric acid (H2SO4), poses one of the more difficult challenges in emission measurement. Typically, when quantifying pollutants in flue gases, the pollutant is measured in a single phase, either as a gas, liquid or solid. The reaction of SO3 with water vapor to form gaseous H2SO4 is a dynamic process dependent upon the concentration of the reactants, flue gas temperature, and to a lesser e...

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

183

Data:39d261d2-3da2-43ed-80bd-e81b3fed50a3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-3da2-43ed-80bd-e81b3fed50a3 -3da2-43ed-80bd-e81b3fed50a3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Power, Inc Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: 175 W MVL Sector: Lighting Description: * Applicable to customers who receive dusk to dawn area lighting service. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

184

Phase Relations for the Ce2O3-Al2O3-CaO System at Steelmaking ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermodynamic properties of the constituent oxide in the inclusion system as ... of ReOx-Al2O3-CaO systems are strongly required for the accurate control of...

185

Method for preparation of 7-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline from 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for the efficient preparation of 7-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline include a first method in which the acylation of m-aminophenol obtains a lactam which is reduced to give the desired quinoline and a second method in which tetrahydroquinoline is nitrated and hydrogenated and then hydrolyzed to obtain the desire quinoline. 7-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline is used in the efficient synthesis of four lasing dyes of the rhodamine class.

Field, G.; Hammond, P.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B2.3 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 25, 2011 October 25, 2011 CX-007674: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replace Degraded Chemical Hood Exhaust Duct in 735-A, D-wing Service Floor CX(s) Applied: B2.3 Date: 10/25/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office September 13, 2011 CX-006758: Categorical Exclusion Determination Versailles Borough Stray Gas Mitigation - Continuation CX(s) Applied: B2.3, B2.5, B6.1 Date: 09/13/2011 Location(s): Versailles, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 1, 2011 CX-007792: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gore Substation Safety Lighting CX(s) Applied: B2.3 Date: 09/01/2011 Location(s): Oklahoma Offices(s): Southwestern Power Administration August 25, 2011 CX-006514: Categorical Exclusion Determination

187

Thermal Triple Axis Publications, 2001-Oct  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Unconventional Metallic Magnetism in LaCrSb 3 , E. Granado, H. Martinho, MS Serchelli, PG Pagliuso, D. Jackson, JW Lynn, C. Rettori, SB Oseroff ...

188

Electrodeposited Gd2Zr2O7 and Gd2O3 Buffer Layers for YBa2Cu3O7-..delta.. Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Non-vacuum electrodeposition (ED) was used to prepare a biaxially textured Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (GZO) and GZO/Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} (GO) buffer layer on a Ni-W substrate. The YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) superconductor was deposited by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) on a simplified ED-GZO and ED-GZO/ED-GO buffer layer. The buffer layers and YBCO superconductor were characterized by X-ray diffraction (including {theta}/2{theta}, pole figure, omega scans, and phi scans) and atomic force microscopy. Full-width at half maximum values of the omega ({omega}) and phi ({phi}) scans of the electrodeposited GZO and GZO/GO layer were better than those of the Ni-W base substrate. At 77 K and a self-magnetic field, the critical current density of PLD YBCO on the electrodeposited-based buffer layer was 3.3 x 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2}, using the field criterion of 1 {micro}V/cm.

Bhattacharya, R. N.; Phok, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a building was explored [2]. Referred to such applications, a VAWT can be so small in physical size that its by the present authors to study the aerodynamic performance of small VAWTs using the experimental and numerical1 WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES J. J. Miau*1

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

190

Surveillance Guide - CMS 3.2 Change Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHANGE CONTROL CHANGE CONTROL 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate how effectively the contractor controls changes in the facility. The Facility Representative reviews recent plant activities to determine if change has been appropriately managed, to verify that DOE requirements have been met, and to examine implementation of best practices. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 4700.1, Project Management System 2.2 DOE 5700.6C, Quality Assurance 2.3 DOE-STD-1073-93, Guide for Operational Configuration Management 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to implement requirements CM-0009 and CM-0011 from the RL S/RID. These requirements are derived from DOE 4700.1. 4.0 Surveillance Activities This surveillance focuses on evaluating control over permanent

191

ME 6990 -Combustion Catalog Data: ME 6990: Combustion. Sem. 2. Class 3, Credit 3 (el.).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ME 6990 - Combustion Catalog Data: ME 6990: Combustion. Sem. 2. Class 3, Credit 3 (el.). Physical and chemical aspects of basic combustion phenomena. Classification of flames. Measurement of laminar flame. Fuels. Atomization and evaporation of liquid fuels. Theories of ignition, stability and combustion

Panchagnula, Mahesh

192

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3 Univ. of California, San Diego Univ. of Pennsylvania Duke University 1 #12;Running Title: The Light Bulb Problem, 1985 and 1988: We have a sequence of n random light bulbs each of which is either on or off with equal

Rajasekaran, Sanguthevar

193

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi 2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran 3 John Reif 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi 2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran 3 John Reif 3 Univ. of California, San Diego Univ. of Pennsylvania Duke University 1 #12; Running Title: The Light Bulb Problem, 1985 and 1988: We have a sequence of n random light bulbs each of which is either on or o# with equal

Reif, John H.

194

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3 Univ. of California Title: The Light Bulb Problem Corresponding Author: Ramamohan Paturi Department of Computer Science Mail correlational learning problem due to L. G. Valiant, 1985 and 1988: We have a sequence of n random light bulbs

Rajasekaran, Sanguthevar

195

Preparation of 3,3'-azobis(6-amino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine)  

SciTech Connect

The compound of the structure ##STR1## where a, b, c, d and e are 0 or 1 and a+b+c+d+e is from 0 to 5 is disclosed together with the species 3,3'-azobis(6-amino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine) and a process of preparing such compounds.

Hiskey, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM); Chavez, David E. (Rancho de Taos, NM); Naud, Darren (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Photochemistry of Group 14 1,1,1-Trimethyl-2,2,2-triphenyldimetallanes (Ph3MMMe3;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methods and is compared to previously reported data for the homologous disilane Ph3SiSiMe3. A variety and compared to that of the disilane homologue. The results of time-resolved experiments on other, related on the degree of aryl substitution in the disilane and on the solvent. This complexity is most aptly

Leigh, William J.

197

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B2.3 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B2.3 Existing Regulations B2.3: Personnel safety and health equipment Installation of, or improvements to, equipment for personnel safety and health (including, but not limited to, eye washes, safety showers, radiation monitoring devices, fumehoods, and associated collection and exhaust systems), provided that the covered actions would not have the potential to cause a significant increase in emissions. Previous Regulations Categorical Exclusion Determinations dated before November 14th, 2011 were issued under previous DOE NEPA regulations. See the Notice of Final Rulemaking (76 FR 63763, 10/13/2011) for information changes to this categorical exclusion. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 1, 2013 CX-010835: Categorical Exclusion Determination

198

trans-K3[TcO2(CN)4  

SciTech Connect

The dioxotetracyanotechnetate anion, [TcO2(CN)4]3-, of the title complex has octahedral symmetry. The technetium is located on a center of inversion and is bound by two oxygen atoms and four cyano ligands. The Tc?O bond distance of 1.7721 (12) is consistent with double bond character. The potassium cations [located on special (1/2,0,1) and general positions] reside in octahedral or tetrahedral environments; interionic KO and KN interactions occur in the 2.7877 (19)-2.8598 (15) range.

Chatterjee, Sayandev; Del Negro, Andrew S.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Twamley, Brendan; Krause, Jeanette A.; Bryan, Samuel A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Residential Aggregate Energy Expenditures, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Electricity Total 1980 158.5 1981 164.0 1982 172.3 1983 176.1 1984 178.5 1985 176.8 1986 169.2 1987 167.1 1988 170.1 1989 172.8 1990 168.2 1991 169.9 1992 166.7 1993 175.6 1994 174.9 1995 172.7 1996 181.8 1997 180.0 1998 173.5 1999 174.0 2000 192.8 2001 203.3 2002 192.1 2003 208.8 2004 215.1 2005 236.7 2006 240.0 2007 246.1 2008 259.6 2009 241.6 2010 251.8 2011 251.3 2012 247.1 2013 240.3 2014 239.4 2015 241.7 2016 241.8 2017 243.0 2018 244.7 2019 246.4 2020 247.9 2021 250.4 2022 253.3 2023 255.6 2024 257.8 2025 260.3 2026 263.2 2027 266.0 2028 267.6 2029 268.1 2030 269.7 2031 272.9 2032 276.6 2033 280.4 2034 284.6 2035 288.6 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Residential petroleum products include distillate fuel oil, LPG, and kerosene. EIA, State Energy Data 2009: Prices and Expenditures, Jun. 2011, Table 2 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Table

200

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

9 9 Average Annual Energy Expenditures per Household, by Year ($2010) Year 1980 1,991 1981 1,981 1982 2,058 1983 2,082 1984 2,067 1985 2,012 1986 1,898 1987 1,846 1988 1,849 1989 1,848 1990 1,785 1991 1,784 1992 1,729 1993 1,797 1994 1,772 1995 1,727 1996 1,800 1997 1,761 1998 1,676 1999 1,659 2000 1,824 2001 1,900 2002 1,830 2003 1,978 2004 2,018 2005 2,175 2006 2,184 2007 2,230 2008 2,347 2009 2,173 2010 2,201 2011 2,185 2012 2,123 2013 2,056 2014 2,032 2015 2,030 2016 2,007 2017 1,992 2018 1,982 2019 1,973 2020 1,963 2021 1,961 2022 1,964 2023 1,962 2024 1,959 2025 1,957 2026 1,959 2027 1,960 2028 1,953 2029 1,938 2030 1,932 2031 1,937 2032 1,946 2033 1,956 2034 1,967 2035 1,978 Source(s): Average Expenditure EIA, State Energy Data 2009: Prices and Expenditures, Jun. 2011 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Table A2, p. 3-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Solvothermal synthesis and luminescence properties of monodisperse Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} and Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}SiO{sub 2} nanospheres  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of uniform, monodispersed Gd(OH){sup 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanospheres less than 100 nm were successfully synthesized with iron ions as catalyst and DMF as solvent under the solvothermal condition. Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were performed as co-surfactant during this facile procedure should be changed as A series of uniform, monodisperse Gd(OH){sup 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanospheres less than 100 nm in diameter were successfully synthesized with solvothermal method. Iron ion was used as catalyst and Dimethylformamide (DMF) as solvent, Cetyltrimethyl Ammonium Bromide (CTAB) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were performed as surfactants. Further calcination process was applied to prepare Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanoshpheres during this facile procedure. -- Graphical abstract: Uniform and monodisperse Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} and Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}SiO{sub 2} monodisperse were synthesized by annealed relative parent's Gd(OH){sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} and Gd(OH){sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}SiO{sub 2}, respectively. Their morphology and luminescence properties all strongly depended on the iron concentration. Display Omitted

Wang, Yu; Bai, Xue; Liu, Tong; Dong, Biao; Xu, Lin; Liu, Qiong [State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, 2699 Qianjin Street, Changchun 130012 (China); Song, Hongwei, E-mail: hwsong2005@yahoo.com.c [State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, 2699 Qianjin Street, Changchun 130012 (China)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Data:01ff2b05-3ddb-4e52-9fb2-c324b3df76b3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ff2b05-3ddb-4e52-9fb2-c324b3df76b3 ff2b05-3ddb-4e52-9fb2-c324b3df76b3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Howard Greeley Rural P P D Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Idle Services Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

203

DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility DARHT, supports a critical component of LANL's primary mission: to ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of nuclear weapons in our nation's stockpile. Los Alamos scientists built DARHT, the world's most powerful x-ray machine, to analyze mockups of nuclear weapons. At the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility, or DARHT, supports a critical component of LANL's primary mission: to ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of nuclear weapons in our nation's stockpile. Los Alamos scientists built DARHT, the world's most powerful x-ray machine, to analyze mockups of nuclear weapons.

204

Determination of Elastic Twist in Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines (HAWTs)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a project at the Alternative Energy Institute (AEI) which measured and calculated the elastic twist of three representative composite horizontal-axis blades: Carter 300, Gougeon ESI 54, and UTRC 8 kW.

Stoddard, F.; Nelson, V.; Starcher, K.; Andrews, B.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Modelling the aerodynamics of vertical-axis wind turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The current generation of wind turbines that are being deployed around the world features, almost exclusively, a three-bladed rotor with a horizontal-axis configuration. In recent (more)

Scheurich, Frank

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

A two axis mirror positioning system with quadrature encoder output  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project was conducted in support of a solar concentrating technology that required the design and construction of a low cost, two axis rotational drive system with a resolution of one degree or better. The scope of ...

Woodruff, Rick Bryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Two-Axis Tracking System with Datalogger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A versatile two-axis tracking system with datalogger is presented. It is designed with regard to high pointing accuracy, high torque and mechanical load, high accuracy of the data acquisition, extended weather resistance, remote operability, and ...

Meinhard Seefeldner; Andreas Oppenrieder; Dieter Rabus; Joachim Reuder; Mathias Schreier; Peter Hoeppe; Peter Koepke

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A hybrid type small 5-axis CNC milling machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5-axis CNC milling machines are important in a number of industries ranging from aerospace to consumer-die-mold machining because they can deliver high machining accuracy with a spindle tilting capacity. Most of these ...

Son, Seung-Kil, 1964-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

EIS-0228: Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impact of a proposal to construct and operate theDual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)...

210

Record of Decision Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8:45 am BILLING CODE 6450-01-P Record of Decision Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Record of decision. SUMMARY: The...

211

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 2005 Households and Energy Expenditures, by Income Level ($2010) Energy Expenditures by Household Income Households (millions) Household Less than $10,000 9.9 9% $10,000 to $14,999 8.5 8% $15,000 to $19,999 8.4 8% $20,000 to $29,999 15.1 14% $30,000 to $39,999 13.6 12% $40,000 to $49,999 11.0 10% $50,000 to $74,999 19.8 18% $75,000 to $99,999 10.6 10% $100,000 or more 14.2 13% Total 111.1 100% Note(s): Source(s): 7% 1) See Table 2.3.15 for more on energy burdens. 2) A household is defined as a family, an individual, or a group of up to nine unrelated individuals occupying the same housing unit. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008, Table US-1 part 2; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price inflators. 2,431 847 3% 2,774 909 3% 1,995

212

Order-of-magnitude enhancement of wind farm power density via counter-rotating vertical-axis wind turbine arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern wind farms require significant land resources to separate each wind turbine from the adjacent turbine wakes. These aerodynamic constraints limit the amount of power that can be extracted from a given wind farm footprint. We conducted full-scale field tests of vertical-axis wind turbines in counter-rotating configurations under natural wind conditions. Whereas wind farms consisting of propeller-style turbines produce 2 to 3 watts of power per square meter of land area, these field tests indicate that power densities approaching 100 W m^-2 can be achieved by arranging vertical-axis wind turbines in layouts that enable them to extract energy from adjacent wakes. In addition, we calculated that the global wind resource available to 10-m tall turbines based on the present approach is approximately 225 trillion watts (TW), which significantly exceeds the global wind resource available to 80-m tall, propeller-style wind turbines, approximately 75 TW. This improvement is due to the closer spacing that can be a...

Dabiri, John O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Data:29a838f2-0fc3-4917-9a20-9c5a2dd2bcf3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-0fc3-4917-9a20-9c5a2dd2bcf3 -0fc3-4917-9a20-9c5a2dd2bcf3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Central Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area&Directional Lighting Service Rate N731 - Fringe Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Illinois State University Rate Binder #10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

214

Triple-Axis Spectroscopy Mark Lumsden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TAS Instruments at HFIR: HB1A Ames Laboratory Fixed Ei TAS 5 Instrument scientist: Jerel Zarestky TAS Instruments at HFIR: HB1 Polarized TAS 6 Currently, unpolarized with vertically focusing PG002: Andrey Zheludev #12;OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TAS Instruments at HFIR: HB3

215

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Total Commercial Floorspace and Number of Buildings, by Year 1980 50.9 (1) N.A. 3.1 (3) 1990 64.3 N.A. 4.5 (3) 2000 (4) 68.5 N.A. 4.7 (5) 2008 78.8 15% N.A. 2010 81.1 26% N.A. 2015 84.1 34% N.A. 2020 89.2 43% N.A. 2025 93.9 52% N.A. 2030 98.2 60% N.A. 2035 103.0 68% N.A. Note(s): Source(s): EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 1994, Jan. 1994, Table A5, p. 62 for 1990 floorspace; EIA, AEO 2003, Jan. 2003, Table A5, p. 127-128 for 2000 floorspace; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Summary Reference Case Tables, Table A5, p. 11-12 for 2008-2035 floorspace; EIA Commercial Building Characteristics 1989, June 1991, Table A4, p. 17 for 1990 number of buildings; EIA, Commercial Building Characteristics 1999, Aug. 2002, Table 3 for 1999 number of buildings and floorspace; and EIA, Buildings and Energy in the 1980s, June 1995, Table 2.1, p. 23 for number of buildings in 1980.

216

? ? ? ? !#"$ &(') 2 3)45) & % &6') 798A@BD - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 3)45) & % &6'). 798A@BDC EGFIHQPSRTF UCV8XWDRYF`PS8badc eR CfagF`R hiB(F. eBDCVPpaIFrqVstag8XWfR HuCwv xy RTFS8A@R. H?a sYP.

217

Role of leptin in regulating the bovine hypothalamic-gonadotropic axis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physiological mechanisms through which nutrition mediates its effects in controlling reproduction are not well characterized. Both neural and endocrine components have been implicated in the communication of nutritional status to the central nervous system. Leptin, a hormone synthesized and secreted mainly by adipocytes, is heavily involved in this communication network. The objectives of studies reported herein were 1) to determine the effects of short-term restriction of nutrients on circulating leptin, leptin gene expression in adipose tissue, and leptin receptor (LR) gene expression in the adenohypophysis of ovariectomized cows; and 2) to investigate the responsiveness of the hypothalamic-adenohypophyseal (AP) axis of fasted and non-fasted cattle to leptin. Studies demonstrated that circulating concentrations of leptin and leptin gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue are decreased by fasting. Although 2 to 3 days of fasting did not affect patterns of release of luteinizing hormone (LH), cerebroventricular infusions of leptin increased mean circulating concentrations of LH in fasted, but not normal-fed cows, without affecting frequency or amplitude of pulses of LH. In vitro studies were conducted to determine whether the in vivo effects of leptin could be accounted for at the hypothalamic and/or AP levels. Leptin did not affect the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from hypothalamic-infundibular explants from either normal-fed or fasted cattle. Moreover, leptin did not affect the basal release of LH from bovine AP cells or AP explants from normal-fed cows. However, leptin induced a higher basal release of LH from AP explants of fasted cows and increased GnRH-stimulated release of LH from AP explants of normal-fed cows. Results demonstrate that leptin acts directly at the AP level to modulate the secretion of LH, and its effects are dependent upon nutritional status. Cellular mechanisms associated with the increased responsiveness of gonadotropes to leptin in fasted cows were investigated. Expression of LR and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) in the adenohypophysis did not account for the increased responsiveness of fasted cows to leptin. Therefore, although leptin clearly stimulates the hypothalamic-gonadotropic axis in nutrient-restricted cattle, it is unclear why cattle maintained under neutral or positive energy balance are resistant to leptin.

Amstalden, Marcel

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

NERSC Users Group Meeting October 2-3, 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NUG 2008 Dates October 2-3, 2008 Location NERSC's Oakland Scientific Facility 415 20th St. [MAP] Oakland CA, 94612 NERSC's Web Site Presentations Agenda Training Day - Thursday, October 2, 2008 Oakland Scientific Facility, Conference Room 238 Time (Pacific) Topic Presenter 8:30 Registration and Welcome 9:00 Franklin Quad Core Update/Differences Helen He 9:30 File Transfer Best Practices David Turner 10:00 Enabling Grid File Transfers: The NERSC CA Shreyas Cholia 10:30 Break 10:45 Franklin IO: Systems Overview Richard Gerber 11:15 Franklin IO: Best Practices for Application Performance ... Read More » Attendee List Attendees at NERSC: Onsite and Remote participation OSF, Onsite 61 registered (46 for Oct. 2, 54 for Oct. 3) Name Affiliation Location Days

219

QSO HOST GALAXIES AT Z=2.3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Images are discussed of six QSOs at z=2.3, one QSO-like IRAS source at z=2.3, and one QSO at z=1.1, taken with resolution 0.6 to 0.9 arcsec. Five of the QSOs are radio-quiet. All QSOs except one are just resolved, while the IRAS source has definite structure. In some cases, part of the QSO fuzz appears to be a close companion rather than a concentric host galaxy. The luminosities implied for the hosts or companions are typical of bright galaxies with young hot star populations. Radio-quiet QSOs appear to have host galaxies less luminous by ~2 magnitudes than radio-loud QSOs.

J. B. Hutchings

1995-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

220

Data:2cb5d6d3-a3e3-45ef-b3c2-2d50e5da56b5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d3-a3e3-45ef-b3c2-2d50e5da56b5 d3-a3e3-45ef-b3c2-2d50e5da56b5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Clinton County Elec Coop, Inc Effective date: 2013/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 05 - 7,000 Lumens 175 Watt mercury vapor lamp metered Sector: Lighting Description: Available to metered and unmetered street lighting, security lighting and traffic lighting. Source or reference: www.cceci.com Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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221

Infrared phonon structure in epitaxial films of Tl{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10} at low temperatures  

SciTech Connect

We have used both bolometric and cavity techniques to obtain accurate submillimeter and microwave loss data for epitaxial thin films of Tl{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10} at low temperatures. These films have {Tc}=121.5 K, are c-axis oriented, contain some volume fraction of the 2:1:2:2 phase, and are characterized by excellent in-plane epitaxy. The absorptivity of these films at 100 cm{sup {minus}1} is a factor of five lower than that obtained by others from a reflectivity measurement on a ceramic sample. We observe strong phonon structure for frequencies between 70 and 600 cm{sup {minus}1}, which are in agreement with a lattice dynamical calculation. Our results show remarkably similar phonon structure to that observed in the ceramic sample. This is in strong contrast to the case for other high {Tc} superconductors such as YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}, where phonon structure observed in ceramic samples in absent in epitaxial oriented films and crystals because of the electronic screening due to the high conductivity of the a-b planes. At microwave frequencies the absorptivity follows a frequency squared dependence, and is consistent with the submillimeter results. 6 refs.

Miller, D.; Richards, P.L. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Lee, W.Y. [IBM Research Div., San Jose, CA (United States). Almaden Research Center; Newman, N.; Garrison, S.M. [Conductus, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States); Martens, J.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Room-temperature MBE deposition, thermoelectric properties, and advanced structural characterization of binary Bi[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3] and Sb[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3] thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin films were grown at room temperature on SiO{sub 2} and BaF{sub 2} substrates using molecular beam epitaxy. A layer-by-layer growth was achieved such that metallic layers of the elements with 0.2 nm thickness were deposited. The layer structure in the as-deposited films was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and was seen more clearly in Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin films. Subsequent annealing was done at 250 C for 2 h and produced the Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} crystal structure as confirmed by high-energy X-ray diffraction. This preparation process is referred to as nano-alloying and it was demonstrated to yield single-phase thin films of these compounds. In the thin films a significant texture could be identified with the crystal c axis being almost parallel to the growth direction for Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and tilted by about 30{sup o} for Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin films. In-plane transport properties were measured for the annealed films at room temperature. Both films yielded a charge carrier density of about 2.6 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. The Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} films were p-type, had a thermopower of +130 {micro}V K{sup -1}, and surprisingly high mobilities of 402 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} films were n-type, showed a thermopower of -153 {micro}V K{sup -1}, and yielded significantly smaller mobilities of 80 cm2 V{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The chemical composition and microstructure of the films were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on cross sections of the thin films. The grain sizes were about 500 nm for the Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and 250 nm for the Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} films. In the Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin film, energy-filtered TEM allowed to image a Bi-rich grain boundary phase, several nanometers thick. This secondary phase explains the poor mobilities of the Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin film. With these results the high potential of the nano-alloying deposition technique for growing films with a more complex layer architecture is demonstrated.

Peranio, N.; Winkler, M.; Bessas, D.; Aabdin, Z.; Knig, J.; Bttner, H.; Hermann, R.P.; Eibl, O. (Julich); (Tubingen); (Fraunhofer)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

223

Tetrahedral-Network Organo-Zincophosphates: Syntheses and Structures of (N(2)C(6)H(14)).Zn(HPO(4))(2).H(2)O, H(3)N(CH(2))(3)NH(3).Zn(2)(HPO(4))(3) and (N(2)C(6)H(14)).Zn(3)(HPO(4))(4)  

SciTech Connect

The solution-mediated syntheses and single crystal structures of (N2C6H14)Zn(HPO4)2H2O (I), H3N(CH2)3NH3Zn2(HPO4)3 (II), and (N2C6H14)Zn3(HPO4)4 (III) are described. These phases contain vertex-sharing Zn04 and HP04 tetrahedra, accompanied by doubly- protonated organic cations. Despite their formal chemical relationship, as members of the series of tZnn(HP04)n+1 (t= template, n = 1-3), these phases adopt fimdamentally different crystal structures, as one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional Zn04/HP04 networks, for I, II, and III respectively. Similarities and differences to some other zinc phosphates are briefly discussed. Crystal data: (N2C6H14)Zn(HP04)2H20, Mr = 389.54, monoclinic, space group P21/n (No. 14), a = 9.864 (4) , b = 8.679 (4) , c = 15.780 (3) , ? = 106.86 (2), V= 1294.2 (8) 3, Z = 4, R(F) = 4.58%, RW(F) = 5.28% [1055 reflections with I >3?(I)]. H3N(CH2)3NH3Zn2(HP04)3, Mr = 494.84, monoclinic, space group P21/c (No. 14), a= 8.593 (2), b= 9.602 (2), c= 17.001 (3), ?= 93.571 (8), V = 1400.0 (5) 3, Z = 4, R(F) = 4.09%, RW(F) = 4.81% [2794 reflections with I > 3? (I)]. (N2C6H14)Zn3(HP04)4, Mr= 694.25, monoclinic, space group P21/n (No. 14), a = 9.535 (2) , b = 23.246 (4), c= 9.587 (2), ?= 117.74 (2), V= 1880.8 (8) 3, Z = 4, R(F) = 3.23%, RW(F) = 3.89% [4255 reflections with 1> 3?(I)].

Chavez, Alejandra V.; Hannooman, Lakshitha; Harrison, William T.A.; Nenoff, Tina M.

1999-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

(2,2-Bipyridyl)bis(eta5-1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)Strontium(II)  

SciTech Connect

In the title compound, the Sr-N distances are 2.624 (3) and 2.676 (3) Angstroms. The Sr-centroid distances are 2.571 and 2.561 Angstroms. The N-C-C-N torsion angle in the bipyridine ligand is 2.2 (4){sup o}. Interestingly, the bipyridine ligand is tilted. The angle between the plane defined by Sr1, N1 and N2 and the plane defined by the 12 atoms of the bipyridine ligand is 10.7{sup o}.

Kazhdan, Daniel; Kazhdan, Daniel; Hu, Yung-Jin; Kokai, Akos; Levi, Zerubba; Rozenel, Sergio

2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

225

4-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-2,6-dimethylcyclohex-3-enecarboxylic acid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The racemic title compound, C{sub 16}H{sub 20}O{sub 3}, was synthesized to study the hydrogen-bonding interaction of the two enantiomers in the solid state. In the crystal structure, R and S pairs of the racemate are linked by pairs of intermolecular O-H...O hydrogen bonds, producing centrosymmetric R{sub 2}{sup 2}(8) rings.

Xie, Songwen; Nusbaum, Dannette A.; Stein, Holly J.; Pink, Maren (Indiana)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

PTAX: the Polarized Triple-Axis Spectrometer at HFIR | ORNL Neutron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Polarized Triple-Axis Spectrometer at HFIR HB-1 photo Polarized Triple-Axis Spectrometer (HB-1). Of the four triple-axis spectrometers installed at HFIR, the HB-1 instrument is...

227

Structural studies and optical and electrical properties of novel Gd3+-doped Sb2Se3 nanorods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gd3+-doped Sb2Se3 nanorods were synthesized by coreduction method at 180C and pH = 12 for 48 h. Powder XRD patterns indicate that the GdxSb2-xSe3 crystals (x ...

Abdolali Alemi; Younes Hanifehpour; Sang Woo Joo; Bong-Ki Min; Tae Hwan Oh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fluorine for Hydrogen Exchange in the Hydrofluorobenzene Derivatives C6HxF(6-x), where x = 2, 3, 4 and 5 by Monomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH; The Solid State Isomerization of [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2Ce(2,3,4,5-C6HF4) to [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2Ce(2,3,4,6-C6HF4)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reaction between monomeric bis(1,2,4-tri-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium hydride, Cp'2CeH, and several hydrofluorobenzene derivatives is described. The aryl derivatives that are the primary products, Cp'2Ce(C6H5-xFx) where x = 1,2,3,4, are thermally stable enough to be isolated in only two cases, since all of them decompose at different rates to Cp'2CeF and a fluorobenzyne; the latter is trapped by either solvent when C6D6 is used or by a Cp'H ring when C6D12 is the solvent. The trapped products are identified by GCMS analysis after hydrolysis. The aryl derivatives are generated cleanly by reaction of the metallacycle, Cp'((Me3C)2C5H2C(Me2)CH2)Ce, with a hydrofluorobenzene and the resulting arylcerium products, in each case, are identified by their 1H and 19F NMR spectra at 20oC. The stereochemical principle that evolves from these studies is that the thermodynamic isomer is the one in which the CeC bond is flanked by two ortho-CF bonds. This orientation is suggested to arise from the negative charge that is localized on the ipso-carbon atom due to Co(delta+)-Fo(delta-) polarization. The preferred regioisomer is determined by thermodynamic rather than kinetic effects; this is illustrated by the quantitative, irreversible solid-state conversion at 25oC over two months of Cp'2Ce(2,3,4,5-C6HF4) to Cp'2Ce(2,3,4,6-C6HF4), an isomerization that involves a CeC(ipso) for C(ortho)F site exchange.

Andersen, Richard; Werkema, Evan L.; Andersen, Richard A.

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

229

TEPPC Meeting November 2-3, 2011 San Diego, CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2013 6, 2013 Jim Williams, staff, WIEB, High-Level Radioactive Waste Committee The Proposed BNSF Settlement Agreement: Background & WIEB Comments Outline: Proposed BNSF Settlement Agreement & WIEB Comments 1. Background 2. National interest in dedicated trains * Explicitly stated by NAS in 2006 * Advantages expressed by NAS 3. WIEB concerns & comments (4) * Section of settlement agreement * Basis for WIEB comment * Joint Reply from BNSF / DOE / DOD 4. Overarching points in Joint Reply & WIEB's Response to Joint Reply 5. Status 2 The Proposed BNSF Settlement Agreement: Background 1983: DOE/DOD sue 21 major railroads (see, Union Pacific, Balt & Ohio; Aberdeen & Rockfish) Re: the common carrier obligation to carry SNF/HLW in

230

H:\B\FINALS\ds-subtask2.3.wpd  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SUBTASK 2.3 - CARBON DIOXIDE SUBTASK 2.3 - CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTERING USING MICROALGAL SYSTEMS Final Report (For the period April 15, 1998, through November 30, 2001) Prepared for: AAD Document Control U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road, MS 921-107 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40320 Performance Monitor: Dr. Heino Beckert Prepared by: Daniel J. Stepan Richard E. Shockey Thomas A. Moe Ryan Dorn Energy & Environmental Research Center University of North Dakota PO Box 9018 Grand Forks, ND 58202-9018 2002-EERC-02-03 February 2002 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government, nor any agency thereof, nor any of their

231

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan H. Link, J. Keller, and Y. Guo National Renewable Energy Laboratory B. McNiff McNiff Light Industry Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-58190 April 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan H. Link, J. Keller, and Y. Guo National Renewable Energy Laboratory B. McNiff McNiff Light Industry Prepared under Task No. WE11.0301 Technical Report

232

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 2005 Average Household Expenditures, by Census Region ($2010) Item Energy (1) Shelter (2) Food Telephone, water and other public services Household supplies, furnishings and equipment (3) Transportation (4) Healthcare Education Personal taxes (5) Other expenditures Average Annual Income Note(s): Source(s): 1) Average household energy expenditures are calculated from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), while average expenditures for other categories are calculated from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE). RECS assumed total US households to be 111,090,617 in 2005, while the CE data is based on 117,356,000 "consumer units," which the Bureau of Labor Statistics defines to be financially independent persons or groups of people that use their incomes to make joint expenditure decisions, including all members of a

233

Fast 3D Surface Extraction 2 pages (including abstract)  

SciTech Connect

Ocean scientists searching for isosurfaces and/or thresholds of interest in high resolution 3D datasets required a tedious and time-consuming interactive exploration experience. PISTON research and development activities are enabling ocean scientists to rapidly and interactively explore isosurfaces and thresholds in their large data sets using a simple slider with real time calculation and visualization of these features. Ocean Scientists can now visualize more features in less time, helping them gain a better understanding of the high resolution data sets they work with on a daily basis. Isosurface timings (512{sup 3} grid): VTK 7.7 s, Parallel VTK (48-core) 1.3 s, PISTON OpenMP (48-core) 0.2 s, PISTON CUDA (Quadro 6000) 0.1 s.

Sewell, Christopher Meyer [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patchett, John M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ahrens, James P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

234

P3-05: 3D Microstructure Construction of Sintered ZrO2 under ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast Automobile ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

235

Thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity of sintered UO2 and UO2-Gd2O3. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The thermal diffusivity was measured using the laser flash method on sintered uranium dioxide (O/U=2.003, density=10.48X10 kg/m, from 300 to 2773 K), and urania and gadolinia mixed fuel (2,4 and 6 Wt% Gd2O3 content, from 600 to 1850 K). An equation was suggested for near-stoichiometric uranium dioxide over the temperature range 500-3100 K: K=(1-aP)(1/(A+BT)+DTxexp(-E/kT)x(1+H(E/kT+2)(sup 2))), where K in W/(m)(K), P is the fraction of porosity, a=2.74-5.8X10(sup 4-)T, A=3.68X10(sup 2-)(m)(K)/W, B=2.25X10(sup 4-)m/W, D=5.31X10(sup 3-)W/mXK2, H=0.264, E=1.15 ev, k is the Boltzmann constant. The thermal conductivity of UO2-Gd2O3 samples as a function of temperature and Gd2O3 content, X, could be expressed by phonon conduction; K=1/(A+BT) in the temperature range from 600 to 1700 K, where A=2.50 X+0.044(m)(K)/W.

Ying, S.; Ji, Z.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Interaction of H2S with alpha-Fe2O3(0001) Surface  

SciTech Connect

The atomic-scale structural changes in an {alpha}-Fe2O3 (hematite) (0 0 0 1) surface induced by sulfidation and subsequent oxidation processes were studied by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, LEED, and X-ray standing wave (XSW) measurements. Annealing the {alpha}-Fe2O3(0 0 0 1) with a H2S partial pressure of 1 x 10-7 Torr produced iron sulfides on the surface as the sulfur atoms reacted with the substrate Fe ions. The oxidation state of the substrate Fe changed from 3+ to 2+ as a result of the sulfidation. The XSW measured distance of the sulfur atomic-layer from the unrelaxed substrate oxygen layer was 3.16 Angstroms. The sulfide phase consisted of three surface domains identified by LEED. Formation of the two-dimensional FeS2 phase with structural parameters consistent with an outermost layer of (1 1 1) pyrite has been proposed. Atomic oxygen exposure oxidized the surface sulfide to a sulfate (SO{sup 2-}{sub 4}) and regenerated the {alpha}-Fe2O3(0 0 0 1) substrate, which was indicated by a (1 x 1) LEED pattern and the re-oxidization of Fe to 3+.

Kim,C.; Escuadro, A.; Bedzyk, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

INTERFACE DISORDER CONTROLLED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY YBa2Cu3O7 / SrTiO3 SUPERLATTICES  

SciTech Connect

We report on the coherent growth of ultrathin YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) layers on SrTiO3 (STO) in YBCO/STO superlattices. The termination plane of the STO is TiO2 and the CuO chains are missing at the interface. Disorder (steps) at the STO interface cause alterations of the stacking sequence of the intra-cell YBCO atomic layers. Stacking faults give rise to antiphase boundaries which break the continuity of the CuO2 planes and depress superconductivity. We show that superconductivity is directly controlled by interface disorder outlining the importance of pair breaking and localization by disorder in ultrathin layers.

Garcia-Barriocanal, Javier [Universidad Complutense, Spain; Rivera-Calzada, Alberto [Universidad Complutense, Spain; Sefrioui, Z. [Universidad Complutense, Spain; Arias, D [Universidad Complutense, Spain; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Leon, C. [Universidad Complutense, Spain; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Santamaria, J. [Universidad Complutense, Spain

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

ANL/APS/TB-32 Test of Horizontal Field Measurements Using Two-Axis Hall  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Test of Horizontal Field Measurements Using Two-Axis Hall Probes at the APS Magnetic Measurement Facility I. Vasserman Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL 60439 1. Introduction The free-electron laser (FEL) project at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) will use a 400-MeV particle beam from the APS linac with RMS beam transverse size of 100 µm and requires very high performance of the insertion devices in order to achieve high intensity radiation. Averaged over period, the trajectory must deviate from the ideal on-axis trajectory by not more than 10% of the RMS beam size. Meaning that the second field integral should be straight within ±1300 G-cm 2 over the length of the device for both horizontal and vertical directions for the 400-MeV particle

239

Data:9b14761f-2df2-4086-abb3-3bc8175617e2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-2df2-4086-abb3-3bc8175617e2 f-2df2-4086-abb3-3bc8175617e2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Medford, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 1997/06/20 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 Residential Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day Service 9am-9pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Residential Description: This rate schedule is optional to all Residential Service, Rg-1 and General Service Gs-1, customers. Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0351 per kilowatt-hour.

240

NERSC Users Group Meeting October 2-3, 2008 Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agenda Agenda Agenda Training Day - Thursday, October 2, 2008 Oakland Scientific Facility, Conference Room 238 Time (Pacific) Topic Presenter 8:30 Registration and Welcome 9:00 Franklin Quad Core Update/Differences Helen He 9:30 File Transfer Best Practices David Turner 10:00 Enabling Grid File Transfers: The NERSC CA Shreyas Cholia 10:30 Break 10:45 Franklin IO: Systems Overview Richard Gerber 11:15 Franklin IO: Best Practices for Application Performance Katie Antypas 12:00 Lunch and optional individual portrait shots of attendees next to Franklin 1:15 Accelerating X Windows with NX* Janet Jacobsen 1:45 Franklin Profiling and Performance Tools Jonathan Carter 2:30 Break 2:45 Debugging with DDT David Lecomber, Allinea Software 3:30 DDT and Tools Hands-On; Continues all day Friday 5:00

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

8 8 2003 Average Commercial Building Floorspace, by Principal Building Type and Vintage Building Type 1959 or Prior 1960 to 1989 1990 to 2003 All Education 27.5 26.9 21.7 25.6 Food Sales N.A. N.A. N.A. 5.6 Food Service 6.4 4.4 5.0 5.6 Health Care 18.5 37.1 N.A. 24.5 Inpatient N.A. 243.6 N.A. 238.1 Outpatient N.A. 11.3 11.6 10.4 Lodging 9.9 36.1 36.0 35.9 Retail (Other Than Mall) 6.2 9.3 17.5 9.7 Office 12.4 16.4 14.2 14.8 Public Assembly 13.0 13.8 17.3 14.2 Public Order and Safety N.A. N.A. N.A. 15.4 Religious Worship 8.7 9.6 15.6 10.1 Service 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.5 Warehouse and Storage 19.7 17.2 15.4 16.9 Other N.A. N.A. N.A. 22.0 Vacant N.A. N.A. N.A. 14.1 Source(s): Average Floorspace/Building (thousand SF) EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables, June 2006, Table B8, p. 63-69, and Table B9, p. 70-76

242

Thermally stable compositions including 2,4,8,10-tetranitro-5H-pyrido[3',2':4,5][1,2,3]triazolo[1,2-a]benzotriazo- l-6-ium, inner salt  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An explosive formulation including 2,4,8,10-tetranitro-5H-pyrido[3',2':4,5][1,2,3]triazolo[1,2-a]benzotriazo- l-6-ium, inner salt and a high temperature binder is disclosed together with a process of preparing 2,4,8,10-tetranitro-5H-pyrido[3',2':4,5][1,2,3]triazolo[1,2-a]benzotriazo- l-6-ium, inner salt.

Hiskey, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM); Huynh, My Hang (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

243

Data:31aa5874-2f2c-4f1f-9dd2-3a3c0f4bfeec | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

874-2f2c-4f1f-9dd2-3a3c0f4bfeec 874-2f2c-4f1f-9dd2-3a3c0f4bfeec No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) Effective date: 2009/12/04 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Large General Service (250 kW - 749 kW) Sector: Industrial Description: *Subject to power cost adjustment, tax expense adjustment, and an environmental compliance charge. All kvar in excess of 40% (93% power factor) of billing demand will be billed at the rate of $0.90 per kvar. Source or reference: http://www.singingriver.com/Files/LGS-15.pdf Source Parent: Comments Energy Adjustment is Power Cost Adjustment plus Environmental Clause plus Regulatory Adjustment

244

CSY3019 -Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 3D graphics software: Java 2D (50%)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSY3019 - Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 3D graphics software: Java 2D (50 and/or strip lights). · User defined or loaded geometry (i.e. not primitive shapes). · The room & Title Page · Table of contents · Introduction · Analysis · Design · Implementation · Testing

Hill, Gary

245

LLNL-JRNL-402318 Hyperfine quenching of the 2s2p 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LLNL-JRNL-402318 Hyperfine quenching of the 2s2p 3 P0 state of berylliumlike ions K. T. Cheng, the measured value. PACS numbers: 31.30.Gs, 32.10.Fn, 31.15.aj, 31.15.am ktcheng@llnl.gov chen7@llnl

Johnson, Walter R.

246

Data:2b3c78ab-8fdd-4e3a-82f4-a3ef5766ea2b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c78ab-8fdd-4e3a-82f4-a3ef5766ea2b c78ab-8fdd-4e3a-82f4-a3ef5766ea2b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Memphis Light, Gas & Water Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: MANUFACTURING POWER RATE - PART C Sector: Industrial Description: * Manufacturing - Contract Demand greater than 15,000 kW but less than 25,000 kW Fixed monthly charge = Customer Charge ($1,500) + TVA Administrative Charge ($350) Source or reference: http://www.mlgw.com/images/content/files/pdf_rates/MSCOct11.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

247

Data:9ab2e6b2-d3e5-4cef-9998-a75564ab3be3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e6b2-d3e5-4cef-9998-a75564ab3be3 e6b2-d3e5-4cef-9998-a75564ab3be3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Benton, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/08/17 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Voluntary Large Power Time-of-Day Primary Metering Discount & Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Availability: This rate is available on a voluntary basis to customers for all types of service, if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 200 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one-time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule.

248

Evaluation of neutron-induced reactions on sup 2 sup 3 sup 6 Pu for JENDL-3.3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross sections and energy-angular distributions of emitted neutrons were evaluated for the neuron-incident reactions on sup 2 sup 3 sup 6 Pu in the incident energy range of 10 eV to 20 MeV by using a statistical model combined with a coupled channel optical model. The calculated results were compiled to the latest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-3.3 in the ENDF-6 format. The unresolved resonance region is assumed to be from 10 eV to 30 keV, and the averaged resonance parameters were obtained to reproduce the calculated cross sections. Maxwell temperature for fission neutron spectra were estimated from a systematics with a correction for prefission neutrons.

Iwamoto, O

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A Combined 6,7Li NMR and Molecular Dynamics Study of Li Diffusion in Li2TiO3  

SciTech Connect

Understanding lithium diffusion properties in electrode materials is important for designing rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with improved performance. In this work, the lithium dynamics in layered Li2TiO3 were characterized using a combination of 6,7Li nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) over a wide temperature range (150 to 500 K), and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The 7Li static NMR and stimulated echo experiments show slow and partial lithium diffusion in Li2TiO3. The high-field (21.1 T) 6Li magic angle spinning NMR shows a new tetrahedral lithium site along with the three crystallographic octahedral sites in Li2TiO3 sample. MD simulations predict that lithium can occupy a tetrahedral site if two or more vacancies exist in the vicinity, which may result, for example, from the presence of a Ti defect in the LiTi2 layer. 6Li two-dimensional (2D) exchange NMR experiments show evidence of lithium diffusion between the pure Li and LiTi2 layers along the c axis. Although the 2D exchange NMR data is not sensitive to lithium diffusion in the ab plane, MD simulations show that lithium diffusion in the pure Li layer is equally probable. Combining these results, a detailed picture of the lithium diffusion pathways in Li2TiO3 is presented.

Vijayakumar, M.; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Yang, Zhenguo; Graff, Gordon L.; Liu, Jun; Sears, Jesse A.; Burton, Sarah D.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Hu, Jian Z.

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Day 2 - Thurs Plenary 3 - Dave Thomas.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEAD IN 7 MINUTES DEAD IN 7 MINUTES "But, it can't happen to me." TAKE-AWAY MINDFULNESS IS A "PRACTICAL" TOOL IN FOREST FIREFIGHTING OBJECTIVES v Mindfulness v Up's and down's v Practical Tips South Canyon Fatality Area, August 1994 Shame & Stupidity WEICK & SUTCLIFFE Disconfirm Expectations If we just follow our procedures, checklists, plans, events will unfold as we think they should. "H2 would not be a great risk...light fuels & rocky areas in Cache Bar..." 1. Preoccupation with failure "Any lapse is seen as symptom that something could be wrong with the larger system." Weick/Sutcliffe 2. Reluctance to Simplify Relentless attack on simplification. 3. Sensitivity to Operations Seeing what is actually going on: the "Big Picture"

251

2D/3D registration algorithm for lung brachytherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A 2D/3D registration algorithm is proposed for registering orthogonal x-ray images with a diagnostic CT volume for high dose rate (HDR) lung brachytherapy. Methods: The algorithm utilizes a rigid registration model based on a pixel/voxel intensity matching approach. To achieve accurate registration, a robust similarity measure combining normalized mutual information, image gradient, and intensity difference was developed. The algorithm was validated using a simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms. Transfer catheters were placed inside the phantoms to simulate the unique image features observed during treatment. The algorithm sensitivity to various degrees of initial misregistration and to the presence of foreign objects, such as ECG leads, was evaluated. Results: The mean registration error was 2.2 and 1.9 mm for the simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms, respectively. The error was comparable to the interoperator catheter digitization error of 1.6 mm. Preliminary analysis of data acquired from four patients indicated a mean registration error of 4.2 mm. Conclusions: Results obtained using the proposed algorithm are clinically acceptable especially considering the complications normally encountered when imaging during lung HDR brachytherapy.

Zvonarev, P. S. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Farrell, T. J.; Hunter, R.; Wierzbicki, M.; Hayward, J. E. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Medical Physics, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada); Sur, R. K. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Radiation Oncology, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

High pressure transport characteristics of Bi[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3], Sb[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3], and BiSbTe[subscript 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents ambient and high pressure measurements of transport properties of the Bi2Te3-Sb2Te3 series of materials. The electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, and Seebeck coefficient have been measured on both end compounds and the direct solid solution of the two at pressure up to 10 GPa. An additional discussion involving the high pressure structure will be presented. From this, it was determined that these materials undergo at least two structural phase transitions between 0 and 20 GPa and a discussion is presented regarding this and the changes in the transport properties.

Jacobsen, M.K.; Sinogeikin, S.V.; Kumar, R.S.; Cornelius, A.L. (UNLV); (CIW)

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

253

CCSP Product 2.2 Draft for Public Review 1 2 3 4 5 6 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North America is home to approximately 41 % of the global wetland area, encompassing about 2.5 million km 2 with a carbon pool of approximately 220 Gt, mostly in peatland soils. North American wetlands currently are a CO2 sink of approximately 70 Mt C yr-1, but that estimate has an uncertainty of greater than 100%. North American wetlands are also a source of approximately 26 Mt yr-1 of methane, a more potent atmospheric heat-trapping gas. The uncertainty in that flux is also greater than 100%. Historically, the destruction of North American wetlands through land-use change has reduced carbon storage in wetlands by 43 Mt C yr-1, primarily through the oxidation of carbon in peatland soils as they are drained and a more general reduction in carbon sequestration capacity of wetlands converted to other land uses. Methane emissions have also declined with the loss of wetland area. Projections of future carbon storage and methane emissions of North American wetlands are highly uncertain and complex, but the large carbon pools in peatlands may be at risk for oxidation and release to the atmosphere as CO2 if they become substantially warmer and drier. Methane emissions may increase with warming, but the response will likely vary with wetland type and with changes in precipitation.

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Map: medial axis based geometric routing in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the challenging tasks in the deployment of dense wireless networks (like sensor networks) is in devising a routing scheme for node to node communication. Important consideration includes scalability, routing complexity, quality of communication ... Keywords: medial axis, routing, sensor networks, system design

Jehoshua Bruck; Jie Gao; Anxiao Jiang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Extending 2-D Smoothed Local Symmetries to 3-D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-D Smoothed Local Symmetries (3-D SLS's) are presented as a representation for three-dimensional shapes. 3-D SLS's make explicit the perceptually salient features of 3-D objects and are especially suited to representing ...

Braunegg, David J.

256

IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) is being studied at McMaster University using(VAWT) is being studied

Tullis, Stephen

257

Quantum M^2 -> 2Lambda/3 discontinuity for massive gravity with a Lambda term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper we showed that the absence of the van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity as M^2 -> 0 for massive spin-2 with a Lambda term is an artifact of the tree approximation, and that the discontinuity reappears at one loop, as a result of going from five degrees of freedom to two. In this paper we show that a similar classical continuity but quantum discontinuity arises in the "partially massless" limit M^2 -> 2Lambda/3, as a result of going from five degrees of freedom to four.

M. J. Duff; James T. Liu; H. Sati

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Precise global collision detection in multi-axis NC-machining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a new approach to the problem of collision detection in multi-axis NC-machining. Due to the directional nature (tool axis) of multi-axis NC-machining, space subdivision techniques are adopted from ray-tracing algorithms and are extended ... Keywords: 5-Axis machining, Collision detection and verification, Lower envelopes, NC-machining, Ray tracing, Space subdivision

Oleg Ilushin; Gershon Elber; Dan Halperin; Ron Wein; Myung-Soo Kim

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Intra and intermolecular relaxations 2,3-dihydroxypropyl methacrylate and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate hydrogels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 3­6. Simul- taneously, a new dispersion, named the bsw transition, formed at temperatures greater, Hatakeyama T. Thermochim Acta 1998;308(1­2): 3­22. [4] McConville P, Pope JM. Polymer 2001;42:3559­68. [5] Mc, Harmon JP. J Polym Sci Pt B Polym Phys 1999;37:2025­38. [16] Gao H, Harmon JP. Thermochim Acta 1996

Harmon, Julie P.

260

1-2-3-flavor color superconductivity in compact stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a scenario where the three light quark flavors are sequentially deconfined under increasing pressure in cold asymmetric nuclear matter, e.g., as in neutron stars. The basis for our analysis is a chiral quark matter model of Nambu--Jona-Lasinio (NJL) type with diquark pairing in the spin-1 single flavor (CSL) and spin-0 two/three flavor (2SC/CFL) channels, and a Dirac-Brueckner Hartree-Fock (DBHF) approach in the nuclear matter sector. We find that nucleon dissociation sets in at about the saturation density, n_0, when the down-quark Fermi sea is populated (d-quark dripline) due to the flavor asymmetry imposed by beta-equilibrium and charge neutrality. At about 3n_0 u-quarks appear forming a two-flavor color superconducting (2SC) phase, while the s-quark Fermi sea is populated only at still higher baryon density. The hybrid star sequence has a maximum mass of 2.1 M_sun. Two- and three-flavor quark matter phases are found only in gravitationally unstable hybrid star solutions.

David Blaschke; Fredrik Sandin; Thomas Klahn

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Thermodynamics of SU(3) Gauge Theory in 2 + 1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pressure, and the energy and entropy densities are determined for the SU(3) gauge theory in $2 + 1$ dimensions from lattice Monte Carlo calculations in the interval $0.6 \\leq T/T_c \\leq 15$. The finite temperature lattices simulated have temporal extent $N_\\tau = 2, 4, 6$ and 8, and spatial volumes $N_S^2$ such that the aspect ratio is $N_S/N_\\tau = 8$. To obtain the thermodynamical quantities, we calculate the averages of the temporal plaquettes $P_\\tau$ and the spatial plaquettes $P_S$ on these lattices. We also need the zero temperature averages of the plaquettes $P_0$, calculated on symmetric lattices with $N_\\tau = N_S$. We discuss in detail the finite size ($N_S$-dependent) effects. These disappear exponentially. For the zero temperature lattices we find that the coefficient of $N_S$ in the exponent is of the order of the glueball mass. On the finite temperature lattices it lies between the two lowest screening masses. For the aspect ratio equal to eight, the systematic errors coming from the finite size effects are much smaller than our statistical errors. We argue that in the continuum limit, at high enough temperature, the pressure can be parametrized by the very simple formula $p=a-bT_c/T$ where $a$ and $b$ are two constants. Using the thermodynamical identities for a large homogeneous system, this parametrization then determines the other thermodynamical variables in the same temperature range.

P. Bialas; L. Daniel; A. Morel; B. Petersson

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tracking formulas and strategies for a receiver oriented dual-axis tracking toroidal heliostat  

SciTech Connect

A 4 m x 4 m toroidal heliostat with receiver oriented dual-axis tracking, also called spinning-elevation tracking, was developed as an auxiliary heat source for a hydrogen production system. A series of spinning-elevation tracking formulas have been derived for this heliostat. This included basic tracking formulas, a formula for the elevation angle for heliostat with a mirror-pivot offset, and a more general formula for the biased elevation angle. This paper presents the new tracking formulas in detail and analyzes the accuracy of applying a simplifying approximation. The numerical results show these receiver oriented dual-axis tracking formula approximations are accurate to within 2.5 x 10{sup -6} m in image plane. Some practical tracking strategies are discussed briefly. Solar images from the toroidal heliostat at selected times are also presented. (author)

Guo, Minghuan; Wang, Zhifeng; Liang, Wenfeng; Zhang, Xiliang; Zang, Chuncheng [Key Laboratory of Solar Thermal Energy and Photovoltaic System of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Beijing 100190 (China); Lu, Zhenwu; Wei, Xiudong [Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Jilin 130033 (China)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 2005 Average Household Expenditures as Percent of Annual Income, by Census Region ($2010) Item Energy (1) Shelter (2) Food Telephone, water and other public services Household supplies, furnishings and equipment (3) Transportation (4) Healthcare Education Personal taxes (5) Average Annual Expenditures Average Annual Income Note(s): Source(s): 1) Average household energy expenditures are calculated from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), while average expenditures for other categories are calculated from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE). RECS assumed total US households to be 111,090,617 in 2005, while the CE data is based on 117,356,000 "consumer units," which the Bureau of Labor Statistics defines to be financially independent persons or groups of people that use their incomes to make joint expenditure decisions, including all members of a

264

Depression of the superconducting critical temperature and finite-size scaling relation in YBa2Cu3O7-?/La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 bilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-quality YBa2Cu3O7-?/La2/3Ca 1/3MnO3 (YBCO/LCMO) bilayers were fabricated on (001)-oriented SrTiO3 (STO) substrates by dc-sputtering technique. Bottom layer was ... Keywords: 74.45.+c, 74.62.-c, 74.72.-h, 74.78.Fk, 75.47.Lx, 75.70.-i, Cuprate superconductors, Manganites, Superconductor/ferromagnet proximity effect

O. Morn; E. Baca; F. A. Prez

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Vertical-axis wind turbines -- The current status of an old technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vertical-axis wind turbine technology is not well understood, even though the earliest wind machines rotated about a vertical axis. The operating environment of a vertical-axis wind turbine is quite complex, but detailed analysis capabilities have been developed and verified over the last 30 years. Although vertical-axis technology has not been widely commercialized, it exhibits both advantages and disadvantages compared to horizontal-axis technology, and in some applications, it appears to offer significant advantages.

Berg, D.E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

OVIS 3.2 user's guide.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes how to obtain, install, use, and enjoy a better life with OVIS version 3.2. The OVIS project targets scalable, real-time analysis of very large data sets. We characterize the behaviors of elements and aggregations of elements (e.g., across space and time) in data sets in order to detect meaningful conditions and anomalous behaviors. We are particularly interested in determining anomalous behaviors that can be used as advance indicators of significant events of which notification can be made or upon which action can be taken or invoked. The OVIS open source tool (BSD license) is available for download at ovis.ca.sandia.gov. While we intend for it to support a variety of application domains, the OVIS tool was initially developed for, and continues to be primarily tuned for, the investigation of High Performance Compute (HPC) cluster system health. In this application it is intended to be both a system administrator tool for monitoring and a system engineer tool for exploring the system state in depth. OVIS 3.2 provides a variety of statistical tools for examining the behavior of elements in a cluster (e.g., nodes, racks) and associated resources (e.g., storage appliances and network switches). It provides an interactive 3-D physical view in which the cluster elements can be colored by raw or derived element values (e.g., temperatures, memory errors). The visual display allows the user to easily determine abnormal or outlier behaviors. Additionally, it provides search capabilities for certain scheduler logs. The OVIS capabilities were designed to be highly interactive - for example, the job search may drive an analysis which in turn may drive the user generation of a derived value which would then be examined on the physical display. The OVIS project envisions the capabilities of its tools applied to compute cluster monitoring. In the future, integration with the scheduler or resource manager will be included in a release to enable intelligent resource utilization. For example, nodes that are deemed less healthy (i.e., nodes that exhibit outlier behavior with respect to some set of variables shown to be correlated with future failure) can be discovered and assigned to shorter duration or less important jobs. Further, HPC applications with fault-tolerant capabilities would respond to changes in resource health and other OVIS notifications as needed, rather than undertaking preventative measures (e.g. checkpointing) at regular intervals unnecessarily.

Mayo, Jackson R.; Gentile, Ann C.; Brandt, James M.; Houf, Catherine A.; Thompson, David C.; Roe, Diana C.; Wong, Matthew H.; Pebay, Philippe Pierre

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The comparison of sulfide CoMo/?-Al2O3 and NiMo/?-Al2O3 catalysts in methyl palmitate and methyl heptanoate hydrodeoxygenation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrodeoxygenation of methyl palmitate and methyl heptanoate as the model compounds of bio-oil in the presence of sulfided CoMo/?-Al2O3 and NiMo/?-Al2O3 catalysts was studied at the temperature ... Keywords: CoMoS/?-Al2O3, NiMoS/?-Al2O3, biofuels, hydrodeoxygenation, methyl heptanoate, methyl palmitate

Irina V. Deliy; Evgenia N. Vlasova; Alexey L. Nuzhdin; Galina A. Bukhtiyarova

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Katja Langen"2, Arlene J. Lennox2,3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

118 June 2000 118 June 2000 Feasibility of the.utilization of BNCT in the fast neutron therapy beam at Fermilab Katja Langen"2, Arlene J. Lennox2,3 Jr. ' ,Thomas K. Kroc2 and Paul M. DeLuca, I University of Wisconsin, Department of Medical Physics, Madison, Wisconsin; 2Neutron Therapy Facil- ity at Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois: and 'Saint Joseph Hospital, Elgin, Illinois, USA Keywords: BNCT, dose boost, neutron therapy, Introduction The Neutron Therapy Facility at Fermilab has treated cancer patients since 1976. Since then more than 2,300 patients have been treated and a wealth of clinical information accumulated. The therapeutic neutron beam at Fermilab is produced by bombarding a beryllium target with 66 MeV protons. The resulting continuous neutron spectrum ranges from thermal to 66 MeV in neutron energy. It is clear

269

Magnetic Depth Profiling of Al 2 O 3 /Fe/Si Structure using NG ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Transistor (Spin-FET). MRAM. Tunnel Magnetoresistance. Hard Disk. Giant Magnetoresistance. Al 2 O 3 /Fe/Si Structure. Al 2 O 3. Fe. Si. ...

2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

270

Visible-Light Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2/BiFeO3 Heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-KNO3-NaNO2-KNO2 Quaternary Molten Salt System for Parabolic Trough Concentrating Solar Power Generation.

271

Nanostructured TiO 2 Shells surrounding Microcrystalline ATiO 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-KNO3-NaNO2-KNO2 Quaternary Molten Salt System for Parabolic Trough Concentrating Solar Power Generation.

272

DIRBE Minus 2MASS: Confirming the CIRB in 40 New Regions at 2.2 and 3.5 Microns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the release of the 2MASS All-Sky Point Source Catalog, stellar fluxes from 2MASS are used to remove the contribution due to Galactic stars from the intensity measured by DIRBE in 40 new regions in the North and South Galactic polar caps. After subtracting the interplanetary and Galactic foregrounds, a consistent residual intensity of 14.69 +/- 4.49 kJy/sr at 2.2 microns is found. Allowing for a constant calibration factor between the DIRBE 3.5 microns and the 2MASS 2.2 microns fluxes, a similar analysis leaves a residual intensity of 15.62 +/- 3.34 kJy/sr at 3.5 microns. The intercepts of the DIRBE minus 2MASS correlation at 1.25 microns show more scatter and are a smaller fraction of the foreground, leading to a still weak limit on the CIRB of 8.88 +/- 6.26 kJy/sr (1 sigma).

L. R. Levenson; E. L. Wright; B. D. Johnson

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

273

Microsoft Word - g413.3-2Final6-27-08.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Selecting a Consensus Standard (4.3.2) Graded Approach (4.3.3) QA Program Development & Implementation by Critical Decision Essential Steps in Developing a QA Program...

274

Long-range interactions between a He(2 {sup 3}S) atom and a He(2 {sup 3}P) atom for like isotopes  

SciTech Connect

For the interactions between a He(2 {sup 3}S) atom and a He(2 {sup 3}P) atom for like isotopes, we report perturbation theoretic calculations using accurate variational wave functions in Hylleraas coordinates of the coefficients determining the potential energies at large internuclear separations. We evaluate the coefficient C{sub 3} of the first order resonant dipole-dipole energy and the van der Waals coefficients C{sub 6}, C{sub 8}, and C{sub 10} for the second order energies arising from the mutual perturbations of instantaneous electric dipole, quadrupole, and octupole interactions. We also evaluate the leading contribution to the third-order energy. We establish definitive values including treatment of the finite nuclear mass for the {sup 3}He(2 {sup 3}S)-{sup 3}He(2 {sup 3}P) and {sup 4}He(2 {sup 3}S)-{sup 4}He(2 {sup 3}P) interactions.

Zhang, J.-Y.; Yan, Z.-C. [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3 (Canada); Vrinceanu, D. [T-4 Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Babb, J. F.; Sadeghpour, H. R. [ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

First measurement of VuT & Ve events in an off-axis horn-focused neutrino beam  

SciTech Connect

We report the first observation of off-axis neutrino interactions in the MiniBooNE detector from the NuMI beamline at Fermilab. The MiniBooNE detector is located 745 m distance from the NuMI production target, at 110 mrad angle (6.3{sup o}) with respect to the NuMI beam axis. Samples of charged current quasi-elastic {nu}{sub {mu}} and {nu}{sub e} interactions are analyzed and found to be in agreement with expectation. This provides a direct verification of the expected pion and kaon contributions to the neutrino flux and validates modeling of the NuMI off-axis beam.

Louis, William C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Data:E2ea2c3d-5620-49a6-baf2-9d5cefd41ca3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-5620-49a6-baf2-9d5cefd41ca3 d-5620-49a6-baf2-9d5cefd41ca3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Mt Horeb, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0753 per kilowatt-hour.

277

Laboratory Measurements of Axis Ratios for Large Raindrops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oscillations of moderate to large raindrops are investigated using a seven-story fall column with shape data obtained from multiple-strobe photographs. Measurements are made at a fall distance of 25 m for drops of D = 2.5-, 2.9-, 3.6-, and ...

Karen Andsager; Kenneth V. Beard; Neil F. Laird

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

to Nine 16% Unoccupied 3% Ten or More 8% Government Owned 24% Total 100% Federal 3% State 5% Local 15% Total 100% Source(s): EIA, Commercial Building Characteristics 2003, June...

279

Microsoft Word - Is CO2 an Indoor Pollutant v3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

were dramatic. More details are provided in reference 2. Figure 1. Impact of CO 2 on Human Decision-Making Performance. Error bars indicate one standard deviation The...

280

Peraluminous and Peralkaline Effects on Gd2O3 and La2O3 Solubilities in Sodium-Alumino-Borosilicate Glasses  

SciTech Connect

La (III) and Gd (III) are considered as potential surrogates for Pu (III) in waste glass. Gd is also a neutron absorber. The peraluminous and peralkaline effects on Gd2O3 and La2O3 solubilities in a sodium-alumino-borosilicate glass system are presented. Baseline glasses used in this study have the following mole compositions: 60SiO2.15B2O3.xNa2O.(25-x) Al2O3, where x varies from 0 to 25.

Li, Liyu (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Strachan, Denis M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Li, Hong-Shi (ASSOC WESTERN UNIVERSITY); Davis, Linda L. (Associated Western Universities); Qian, Maoxu (ASSOC WESTERN UNIVERSITY); Gregory T Chandler; Xiangdong Feng

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Data:591221f5-a1ca-49b1-a2d3-3c21d15acbf3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f5-a1ca-49b1-a2d3-3c21d15acbf3 f5-a1ca-49b1-a2d3-3c21d15acbf3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Amicalola Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security Lights Flood 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.amicalolaemc.com/securitylights.htm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

282

Herschel / HIFI observations of CO, H2O and NH3 in Mon R2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. Mon R2 is the only ultracompact HII region (UCHII) where the associated photon-dominated region (PDR) can be resolved with Herschel. Due to its brightness and proximity, it is the best source to investigate the chemistry and physics of highly UV-irradiated PDRs. Aims. Our goal is to estimate the abundance of H2O and NH3 in this region and investigate their origin. Methods. We present new observations obtained with HIFI and the IRAM-30m telescope. Using a large velocity gradient approach, we model the line intensities and derive an average abundance of H2O and NH3 across the region. Finally, we model the line profiles with a non-local radiative transfer model and compare these results with the abundance predicted by the Meudon PDR code. Results. The variations of the line profiles and intensities indicate complex geometrical and kinematical patterns. The H2O lines present a strong absorption at the ambient velocity and emission in high velocity wings towards the HII region. The spatial distribution of...

Pilleri, P; Cernicharo, J; Ossenkopf, V; Bern, O; Gerin, M; Pety, J; Goicoechea, J R; Rizzo, J R; Montillaud, J; Gonzlez-Garca, M; Joblin, C; Bourlot, J Le; Petit, F Le; Kramer, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

that are larger than 100,000 square feet. EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables, Oct. 2006, Table A1, p. 1-2. 2,586 948 810...

284

Extracting Al2O3 from Coal Gangue by Carbonthermal Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is aimed at extracting Al2O3 content in the coal gangue by a process of carbonthermal reduction - alkaline leaching. The Al2O3 and SiO2 contents first...

285

Magnetic-resonance and thermophysical studies of the magnetic phase diagram for a GdFe{sub 2.1}Ga{sub 0.9}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} single crystal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The antiferromagnetic resonance, heat capacity, magnetic properties, and magnetic phase diagram of a GdFe{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} crystal in which some of the iron ions were substituted by diamagnetic gallium ions have been investigated. It has been found that the Neel temperature upon diamagnetic substitution decreased to 17 K compared to 38 K in the unsubstituted crystal. The effective exchange and anisotropy fields for GdFe{sub 2.1}Ga{sub 0.9}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} have been estimated from the field dependences of magnetization and resonance measurements. The magnetic phase diagram of the crystal has been constructed from magnetic and resonance measurements. In GdFe{sub 2.1}Ga{sub 0.9}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4}, there is no spontaneous reorientation and, in the absence of a magnetic field, the crystal remains an easy-axis one in the entire domain of magnetic ordering. The critical field of the reorientation transition to an induced easy-plane state in a magnetic field along the trigonal axis has been found to increase compared to that in the unsubstituted crystal.

Pankrats, A. I.; Petrakovskii, G. A.; Tugarinov, V. I., E-mail: vit@iph.krasn.ru; Kartashev, A. V.; Temerov, V. L. [Russian Academy of Science, Siberian Branch, Kirensky Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Data:4c3deca2-d9a7-42fb-82b2-255e3c13e2c3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

deca2-d9a7-42fb-82b2-255e3c13e2c3 deca2-d9a7-42fb-82b2-255e3c13e2c3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bandon, Oregon (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: City Use Small Commercial Single Phase- Inside City Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

287

Torque ripple in a Darrieus, vertical axis wind turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interaction between a steady wind and a rotating, Darrieus, vertical axis wind turbine produces time periodic aerodynamic loads which cause time dependent torque variations, referred to as torque ripple, to occur in the mechanical link between the turbine and the electrical generator. There is concern for the effect of torque ripple upon fatigue life of drive train components and upon power quality. An analytical solution characterizing the phenomenon of torque ripple has been obtained which is based upon a Fourier expansion of the time dependent features of the problem. Numerical results for torque ripple, some experimental data, determination of acceptable levels and methods of controlling it, are presented and discussed.

Reuter, R.C. Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Data:A5525e2d-0a3c-4be2-805d-34f790026c3f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

25e2d-0a3c-4be2-805d-34f790026c3f 25e2d-0a3c-4be2-805d-34f790026c3f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Williams - AZ, Arizona (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Incandescent Lighting Charges(175 W MV) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#4 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

289

Data:Dac2c1f5-0271-46f2-bb3c-9e80813dbec3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dac2c1f5-0271-46f2-bb3c-9e80813dbec3 Dac2c1f5-0271-46f2-bb3c-9e80813dbec3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delmarva Power Effective date: 2013/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: OL " MV 175 Watt (Open Bottom) 70 kW Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.delmarva.com/_res/documents/DEMasterTariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

290

Data:Dc053106-bce8-4fb3-b1e2-51ee2ed3a966 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

53106-bce8-4fb3-b1e2-51ee2ed3a966 53106-bce8-4fb3-b1e2-51ee2ed3a966 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Coldwater Board of Public Util Effective date: 2011/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service - 175 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Available for outdoor lighting to any Coldwater Board of Public Utilities customer upon proper contract execution. Source or reference: http://www.coldwater.org/Content/Utility_General_Info.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

291

Data:Eafab4c2-350c-459e-b2d1-e3edb3cc804a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eafab4c2-350c-459e-b2d1-e3edb3cc804a Eafab4c2-350c-459e-b2d1-e3edb3cc804a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Taunton, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Secondary Light and Power Service Sector: Commercial Description: This rate is available for general commercial and industrial service where lighting, power, refrigeration and heating are used in accordance with the Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant's general service requirements. Source or reference: http://www.tmlp.com/page.php?content=rate_sheets_bus Source Parent:

292

Data:527c6c63-3e2e-46d3-9087-be2b7bb8981f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c63-3e2e-46d3-9087-be2b7bb8981f c63-3e2e-46d3-9087-be2b7bb8981f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lake Country Power Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Water Heating 8-Hour Interruptible Sector: Residential Description: A great water heating program for cabins or homes with limited space. Required tank storage capacity of 50 gallons to participate. Source or reference: http://www.lakecountrypower.coop/index.php Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

293

Data:E78120c3-738d-48aa-8f42-2c2ed9c3cc9e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

120c3-738d-48aa-8f42-2c2ed9c3cc9e 120c3-738d-48aa-8f42-2c2ed9c3cc9e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delta Electric Power Assn Effective date: 2008/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: 01 Farm and Residential Electric Service Sector: Residential Description: Available to consumers for residential, farm and general use subject to the established rules and regulations of the Association. Single phase, 60 cycle, at standard secondary voltages and three phase, 60 cycles, at standard secondary voltages where Association has three phase facilities available. Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 11 ISU Documentation

294

Data:Cd0e08f3-2fb2-41b3-b757-1686df5354c9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f3-2fb2-41b3-b757-1686df5354c9 f3-2fb2-41b3-b757-1686df5354c9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Choctaw Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2008/10/21 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power 6 Sector: Commercial Description: * Available only to Tyson Processing,Broken Bow,Oklahama with installed capacity of 5,000kW.This rate will not be available for service as standby or auxiliary. Subject to only power factor adjustment and Gross Receipt tax. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4 Source Parent: Comments fixed monthly charge per metering point Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

295

Design of a novel six-axis metrology system for meso-scale nanopositioners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to develop the best possible means and methods of building a six axis metrology system given cost and space constraints. Six axis measurements are a crucial part of precision engineering and ...

King, Ryan N. (Ryan Nicholas)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

NIST: Photoionization of CO2 (ARPES) - 3. Analysis of the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... At energies 2 eV above the threshold, it was not possible to ... measured light polarization and the electron spectrometers' energy efficiency curves, to ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

297

1 Abstract. 2 History 3 Poster - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 History. Bernoulli numbers were rst introduced by Jacques Bernoulli (1654- 1705), in. the second part of his treatise published in 1713, Ars conjectandi (\\Art of...

298

" East North Central",13.3,13.5,14.3,15.2,16.7,19.1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption, Selected Survey Years (Billion Gallons) " Fuel Consumption, Selected Survey Years (Billion Gallons) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",80.3,83.9,82.4,82.8,90.6,113.1 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",14.5,14.6,14,14.1,14.5,18.1 " New England",3.9,3.6,3.4,3.5,4.1,5.8 " Middle Atlantic ",10.7,11,10.6,10.6,10.4,12.3 " Midwest ",20.2,20.9,20.8,21.3,23.8,27.8 " East North Central",13.3,13.5,14.3,15.2,16.7,19.1 " West North Central ",6.8,7.4,6.5,6,7.2,8.7 " South",29.1,30.7,29.6,29.8,33.5,43.2 " South Atlantic",14.4,15.2,14.6,14.4,17.1,23.4 " East South Central",5.7,6.1,5.6,6.5,6.3,7.3 " West South Central",9,9.5,9.4,8.9,10.1,12.5

299

P-1: Mechanisms of Calcium Oxide Dissolution in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P-1: Mechanisms of Calcium Oxide Dissolution in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-based Slags P-2: Effect of Fluoride Containing Slag on Oxide Inclusions in Electroslag...

300

NERSC Users Group Meeting October 2-3, 2008 Attendee List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Attendee List Attendee List Attendee List Attendees at NERSC: Onsite and Remote participation OSF, Onsite 61 registered (46 for Oct. 2, 54 for Oct. 3) Name Affiliation Location Days Dinner? Mark Adams Columbia University OSF Oct. 2 No Katie Antypas NERSC OSF Oct. 2-3 No Julian Borrill LBNL/UC Berkeley OSF Oct. 2-3 Yes Tina Butler NERSC OSF Oct. 3 No Eric Bylaska PNNL OSF Oct. 2-3 Yes Jonathan Carter NERSC OSF Oct. 2-3 Yes Shreyas Cholia NERSC OSF Oct. 2-3 No Michael Commer LBNL OSF Oct. 2 No Jim Craw NERSC OSF Oct. 3 Yes Andris Dimits Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory OSF Oct. 3 No Brent Draney NERSC OSF Oct. 3 Yes Stephane Ethier PPPL OSF Oct. 2-3 Yes Alex Friedman LLNL & LBNL OSF Oct. 3 No Karl Fuerlinger EECS / UCB OSF Oct. 2-3 No Cameron Geddes LBNL OSF Oct. 2-3 Yes Richard Gerber NERSC OSF Oct. 2-3 No David Grote Berkeley Lab OSF Oct. 3

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301

K pi scattering for isospin 1/2 and 3/2 in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We simulate K pi scattering in s-wave and p-wave for both isospins I=1/2, 3/2 using quark-antiquark and meson-meson interpolating fields. We extract the elastic phase shifts delta at several values of the K-pi relative momenta. The resulting phases exhibit qualitative agreement with the experimental phases in all four channels. We express the s-wave phase shifts near threshold in terms of the scattering length and the effective range. Our K pi system has zero total momentum and is simulated on a single ensemble with two dynamical quarks, so results apply for mpi=266 MeV and mK=552 MeV in our simulation. The backtracking contractions in both I=1/2 channels are handled by the use of Laplacian-Heavyside smeared quarks within the distillation method. Elastic phases are extracted from the energy levels using Luscher's relations. In all four channels we observe the expected K(n)pi(-n) scattering states, which are shifted due to the interaction. In both attractive I=1/2 channels we observe additional states that are...

Lang, C B; Mohler, Daniel; Prelovsek, Sasa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

K pi scattering for isospin 1/2 and 3/2 in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We simulate K pi scattering in s-wave and p-wave for both isospins I=1/2, 3/2 using quark-antiquark and meson-meson interpolating fields. We extract the elastic phase shifts delta at several values of the K-pi relative momenta. The resulting phases exhibit qualitative agreement with the experimental phases in all four channels. We express the s-wave phase shifts near threshold in terms of the scattering length and the effective range. Our K pi system has zero total momentum and is simulated on a single ensemble with two dynamical quarks, so results apply for mpi=266 MeV and mK=552 MeV in our simulation. The backtracking contractions in both I=1/2 channels are handled by the use of Laplacian-Heavyside smeared quarks within the distillation method. Elastic phases are extracted from the energy levels using Luscher's relations. In all four channels we observe the expected K(n)pi(-n) scattering states, which are shifted due to the interaction. In both attractive I=1/2 channels we observe additional states that are related to resonances; we attribute them to K_0^*(1430) in s-wave and K*(892), K*(1410) and K*(1680) in p-wave.

C. B. Lang; Luka Leskovec; Daniel Mohler; Sasa Prelovsek

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

303

Data:43427f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Escanaba, Michigan (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Electric Heat Suburban Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: To all customers for such service when separately metered upon application and approval of permanently installed equipment; subject to such rules and regulations as are established by the utility. When air conditioning is installed in an electrically heated area, it may be connected to the same meter for space conditioning purposes.

304

Data:Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Three-Phase Sector: Residential Description: This rate will be applied to residential single-phase customers for ordinary household purposes. Single-phase motors may not exceed 5 horsepower individual-rated capacity without utility permission. Rg-1 Residential Service $1.00 per customer per month Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf

305

Data:992a3db3-7a64-41f2-90c3-3553866127fe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp Effective date: 20120701 End date if known: Rate name: NSL- IN 405 Watt...

306

CROSSFLOW FILTRATION: EM-31, WP-2.3.6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the interest of accelerating waste treatment processing, the DOE has funded studies to better understand filtration with the goal of improving filter fluxes in existing crossflow equipment. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed some of those studies, with a focus on start-up techniques, filter cake development, the application of filter aids (cake forming solid precoats), and body feeds (flux enhancing polymers). This paper discusses the progress of those filter studies. Crossflow filtration is a key process step in many operating and planned waste treatment facilities to separate undissolved solids from supernate solutions. This separation technology generally has the advantage of self-cleaning through the action of wall shear stress created by the flow of waste slurry through the filter tubes. However, the ability of filter wall self-cleaning depends on the slurry being filtered. Many of the alkaline radioactive wastes are extremely challenging to filtration, e.g., those containing compounds of aluminum and iron, which have particles whose size and morphology reduce permeability. Unfortunately, low filter flux can be a bottleneck in waste processing facilities such as the Savannah River Integrated Salt Disposition Process and the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant. Any improvement to the filtration rate would lead directly to increased throughput of the entire process. To date increased rates are generally realized by either increasing the crossflow filter feed flow rate, limited by pump capacity, or by increasing filter surface area, limited by space and increasing the required pump load. SRNL set up both dead-end and crossflow filter tests to better understand filter performance based on filter media structure, flow conditions, filter cleaning, and several different types of filter aids and body feeds. Using non-radioactive simulated wastes, both chemically and physically similar to the actual radioactive wastes, the authors performed several tests to evaluate methods to improve filter performance. With the proper use of filter flow conditions and filter enhancers, filter flow rates can be increased over rates currently realized today. Experiments that use non-radioactive simulants for actual waste always carry the inherent risk of not eliciting prototypic results; however, they will assist in focusing the scope needed to minimize radioactive testing and thus maximize safety. To that end this investigation has determined: (1) Waste simulant SB6 was found to be more challenging to filtration than a SRS Tank 8F simulant; (2) Higher solids concentration presents a greater challenge to filtration; (3) Filter cake is something that should be properly developed in initial filter operation; (4) Backpulsing is not necessary to maintain a good filter flux with salt wastes; (5) Scouring a filter without cleaning will lead to improved filter performance; (6) The presence of a filter cake can improve the solids separation by an order of magnitude as determined by turbidity; (7) A well developed cake with periodic scouring may allow a good filter flux to be maintained for long periods of time; and (8) Filtrate flux decline is reversible when the concentration of the filtering slurry drops and the filter is scoured.

Duignan, M.; Nash, C.; Poirier, M.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

NERSC Users Group Meeting October 2-3, 2008 Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations Presentations Presentations Sort by: Default | Name | Date (low-high) | Date (high-low) | Source | Category Franklin Quad Core Update/Differences October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Yun (Helen) He | Download File: HeQuadCoreNUG2008.pdf | pdf | 238 KB File Transfer Best Practices October 2, 2008 | Author(s): David Turner | Download File: turner.pdf | pdf | 197 KB Enabling Grid File Transfers: The NERSC CA October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Sheryas Cholia | Download File: cholia-train.pdf | pdf | 157 KB Franklin IO: Systems Overview October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Richard A. Gerber | Download File: gerber.pdf | pdf | 427 KB Accelerating X Windows with NX* October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Janet Jacbsen | Download File: NXDemo.pdf | pdf | 52 KB Franklin Profiling and Performance Tools

308

2,3-Dihydroxybenzoic acid amides of tetraazaalkanes and tetaaza cycloalkanes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This disclosure is directed to a compound of the formula given in the patent wherein X is hydrogen or a conventional electron-withdrawing group, particularly --SO[sub 3]H or a salt thereof; n is 2, 3, or 4; m is 2, 3, or 4; and p is 2 or 3. The present compounds are useful as specific sequestering agents for actinide (IV) ions. Also described is a method for the 2,3-dihydroxybenzamidation of azaalkanes. No Drawings

Weitl, F.L.; Raymond, K.N.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Flux Distribution of a Single-Axis Tracking Parabolic Trough Array with Photovoltaic Receiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flux Distribution of a Single-Axis Tracking Parabolic Trough Array with Photovoltaic Receiver G 0200 Australia E-mail: gregory.burgess@anu.edu.au Abstract Single-axis tracking parabolic troughs Long arrays of single-axis tracking parabolic troughs with a fluid filled absorber are a well

310

2D and 3D Numerical Modeling of Solidification Benchmark of Sn-3 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benchmark experiment consists in solidifying a rectangular ingot of Sn-3% wt . Pb alloys, by using two lateral heat exchangers which allow extracting heat...

311

Transmission Electron Microscope Study on Electrodeposited Gd2O3 and Gd2Zr2O7 Buffer Layers forYBa2Cu307-..delta.. Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the microstructures of electrodeposited Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} (GO) and Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (GZO) buffer layers for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) superconductors with conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A high density of nanoscale voids was present in the GZO buffer layers. No voids were observed in GO buffer layers grown on GZO. YBCO superconductor grown on the GO/GZO buffer layer structure produced a critical current density (J{sub c}) of 3.3 x 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2} at 77 K in zero field.

Zhao, W.; Norman, A.; Phok, S.; Bhattacharya, R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Commercial Building Median Lifetimes (Years) Building Type Median (1) 66% Survival (2) 33% Survival (2) Assembly 55 40 75 Education 62 45 86 Food Sales 55 41 74 Food Service 50 35 71 Health Care 55 42 73 Large Office 65 46 92 Mercantile & Service 50 36 69 Small Office 58 41 82 Warehouse 58 41 82 Lodging 53 38 74 Other 60 44 81 Note(s): Source(s): 1) PNNL estimates the median lifetime of commercial buildings is 70-75 years. 2) Number of years after which the building survives. For example, a third of the large office buildings constructed today will survive 92 years later. EIA, Assumptions for the Annual Energy Outlook 2011, July 2011, Table 5.2, p. 40; EIA, Model Documentation Report: Commercial Sector 'Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System, May 2010, p. 30-35; and PNNL, Memorandum: New Construction in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003, Apr. 24,

313

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 2005 Household Energy Expenditures, by Vintage ($2010) | Year | Prior to 1950 887 | 22% 1950 to 1969 771 | 22% 1970 to 1979 736 | 16% 1980 to 1989 741 | 16% 1990 to 1999 752 | 16% 2000 to 2005 777 | 9% | Average 780 | Total 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1.24 2,003 1) Energy expenditures per square foot were calculated using estimates of average heated floor space per household. According to the 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the average heated floor space per household in the U.S. was 1,618 square feet. Average total floor space, which includes garages, attics and unfinished basements, equaled 2,309 square feet. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008 for 2005 expenditures; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price inflators.

314

VIN# JTDKN3DU2A5010462 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DU2A5010462 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.8 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 885 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

315

Table 2.3 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for Heat, Power ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CHP 6 and/or Cogeneration Process - - 10: 1 (s) 814: 19 - - Direct End Use : All Process Uses: 657,810: 10: 9: 10: 2,709: 19 - - Process Heating : ...

316

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second edition of Fish, Omega-3 and Human Health reaffirms that the essential fatty acids in the foods we eat form hormones that have powerful effects on human life. While many find it hard to believe that a simple change of diet can affect so many asp

317

Study of Y(3S, 2S)-> eta Y(1S) and Y(3S, 2S) -> pi pi- Y(1S) Hadronic Transitions  

SciTech Connect

We study the {Upsilon}(3S, 2S) {yields} {eta}{Upsilon}(1S) and {Upsilon}(3S, 2S) {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{Upsilon}(1S) transitions with 122 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(3S) and 100 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(2S) mesons collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. We measure {Beta}[{Upsilon}(2S) {yields} {eta}{Upsilon}(1S)] = (2.39 {+-} 0.31(stat.) {+-} 0.14(syst.)) x 10{sup -4} and {Lambda}[{Upsilon}(2S) {yields} {eta}{Upsilon}(1S)]/{Lambda}[{Upsilon}(2S) {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{Upsilon}(1S)] = (1.35 {+-} 0.17(stat.) {+-} 0.08(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}. We find no evidence for {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {eta}{Upsilon}(1S) and obtain {Beta}[{Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {eta}{Upsilon}(1S)] < 1.0 x 10{sup -4} and {Lambda}[{Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {eta}{Upsilon}(1S)]/{Lambda}[{Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{Upsilon}(1S)] < 2.3 x 10{sup -3} as upper limits at the 90% confidence level. We also provide improved measurements of the {Upsilon}(2S)-{Upsilon}(1S) and {Upsilon}(3S)-{Upsilon}(1S) mass differences, 562.170 {+-} 0.007(stat.) {+-} 0.088(syst.)MeV/c{sup 2} and 893.813 {+-} 0.015(stat.) {+-} 0.107(syst.)MeV/c{sup 2}, respectively.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

318

Graphite and Beryllium Reflector Critical Assemblies of UO2 (Benchmark Experiments 2 and 3)  

SciTech Connect

INTRODUCTION A series of experiments was carried out in 1962-65 at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiments Facility (ORCEF) for use in space reactor research programs. A core containing 93.2 wt% enriched UO2 fuel rods was used in these experiments. The first part of the experimental series consisted of 252 tightly-packed fuel rods (1.27-cm triangular pitch) with graphite reflectors [1], the second part used 252 graphite-reflected fuel rods organized in a 1.506-cm triangular-pitch array [2], and the final part of the experimental series consisted of 253 beryllium-reflected fuel rods in a 1.506-cm-triangular-pitch configuration and in a 7-tube-cluster configuration [3]. Fission rate distribution and cadmium ratio measurements were taken for all three parts of the experimental series. Reactivity coefficient measurements were taken for various materials placed in the beryllium reflected core. All three experiments in the series have been evaluated for inclusion in the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) [4] and the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbooks, [5]. The evaluation of the first experiment in the series was discussed at the 2011 ANS Winter meeting [6]. The evaluations of the second and third experiments are discussed below. These experiments are of interest as benchmarks because they support the validation of compact reactor designs with similar characteristics to the design parameters for a space nuclear fission surface power systems [7].

Margaret A. Marshall; John D. Bess

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Epitaxial stabilization of -Fe2O3 (00l) thin films on SrTiO3 (111)  

SciTech Connect

Thin films of the metastable and elusive -Fe2O3 have been epitaxially stabilized on SrTiO3 (111) substrates. The -Fe2O3 films present a (001) orientation perpendicular to the substrate and three in-plane domains measuring a few nanometers and showing atomically sharp interfaces. We argue that this domain structure, rather than the epitaxial-strain, plays an essential role in stabilizing the -Fe2O3 by minimizing the energy of (100) surfaces. The -Fe2O3 films show a large in-plane coercivity 8 kOe which combined with the magnetoelectric character claimed for this oxide may lead to novel applications in spintronics.

Gich, Marti [Universitat de Barcelona; Gazquez, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Roig, Anna [Universitat de Barcelona; Fontcuberta, Josep [Universitat de Barcelona; Idrobo Tapia, Juan C [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Skumryev, Vassil [Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona; Varela, Manuel [Universitat de Barcelona

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Critical Updates to the Hydrogen Analysis Production Model (H2A v3)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Critical Updates to the Hydrogen Critical Updates to the Hydrogen Analysis Production Model (H2A v3) Darlene Steward NREL Thursday, February 9, 2012 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM EST Darlene.steward@nrel.gov (303) 275 3837 NREL/PR-5600-54276 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Outline 2 Introduction - Sara Dillich Overview of the H2A Model H2A Version 3 Changes Case Study Walkthrough Resources 1 2 3 4 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Outline 3 Introduction - Sara Dillich Overview of the H2A Model H2A Version 3 Changes Case Study Walkthrough Resources 1 2 3 4 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Overview of H2A Model 4 H2A Model Structure Getting Around Key Worksheets Do's and Don'ts - Do * Enter values in orange cells * Use the light green cells for notes and side calculations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

NG2 proteoglycan promotes endothelial cell motility and angiogenesis via engagement of galectin-3 and ?3?1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NG2 proteoglycan is expressed by microvascular pericytes in newly formed blood vessels. We have used in vitro and in vivo models to investigate the role of NG2 in cross-talk between pericytes and endothelial cells (EC). Binding of soluble NG2 to the EC surface induces cell motility and multicellular network formation in vitro and stimulates corneal angiogenesis in vivo. Biochemical data demonstrate the involvement of both galectin-3 and ?3?1 integrin in the EC response to NG2 and show that NG2, galectin-3, and ?3?1 form a complex on the cell surface. Transmembrane signaling via ?3?1 is responsible for EC motility and morphogenesis in this system. Galectin-3dependent oligomerization may potentiate NG2-mediated activation of ?3?1. In conjunction with recent studies demonstrating the early involvement of pericytes in angiogenesis, these data suggest that pericyte-derived NG2 is an important factor in promoting EC migration and morphogenesis during the early stages of neovascularization.

Jun-ichi Fukushi; Irwan T. Makagiansar; William B. Stallcup; Martin A. Schwartz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Towards metal electrode interface scavenging of rare-earth scandates: A Sc2O3 and Gd2O3 study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amorphous Gd"2O"3 and Sc"2O"3 thin films were deposited on Si by high-pressure sputtering (HPS). In order to reduce the uncontrolled interfacial SiO"x growth, firstly a metallic film of Gd or Sc was sputtered in pure Ar plasma. Subsequently, they were ... Keywords: Gadolinium oxide, High-k, Scandium oxide, Scavenging

M. A. Pampilln; P. C. Feijoo; E. San Andrs; M. Toledano-Luque; A. del Prado; A. J. Blzquez; M. L. Luca

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

ENERGY ECONOMY CII5fB 81 (R3) (L2) (M2) UDC 728.3 (489) Low-energy houses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY ECONOMY CII5fB 81 (R3) (L2) (M2) UDC 728.3 (489) Low-energy houses: insulation and air north of Copenhagen has become renowned. Here, the authors, from the Thermal Insulation Laboratory. In general, therefore, the change in building methods has caused an increase in air change by infiltration

324

PROBING CIRCUMNUCLEAR ENVIRONMENTS WITH THE HCN(J = 3-2) AND HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) LINES: CASE OF NGC 1097  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first interferometric HCN(J = 3-2) and HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) maps in the circumnuclear region of NGC 1097, obtained with the Submillimeter Array. The goal is to study the characteristics of the dense gas associated with the starburst ring/Seyfert nucleus. With these transitions, we suppress the diffuse low density emission in the nuclear region. We detect and resolve the individual compact giant molecular cloud associations (GMAs) in the 1.4 kpc circumnuclear starburst ring and within the 350 pc nuclear region. The nucleus is brighter than the ring in both lines, and contributes {approx}20% and {approx}30% to the total detected HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) and HCN(J = 3-2) flux, within the central 1.4 kpc. The intensity ratios of HCN(J = 3-2)/HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2) are roughly unity in the GMAs of the starburst ring. However, this ratio is up to {approx}2 in the nuclear region. From the HCN(J = 3-2)/HCN(J = 1-0) ratio of {tight correlations of HCN(J = 3-2), HCO{sup +}(J = 3-2), and 24 {mu}m emission in the starburst ring suggest that the dense molecular gas and the dust are from the same origins of star-forming regions. On the other hand, the HCN(J = 3-2) emission of the nucleus is significantly enhanced, indicating mechanisms other than star formation, such as active galactic nucleus activities. A self-consistent check of the fractional abundance enhanced by X-ray ionization chemistry of the nucleus is possible with our observations.

Hsieh, Pei-Ying; Ho, Paul T. P.; Matsushita, Satoki [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Kohno, Kotaro [Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Hwang, Chorng-Yuan, E-mail: pyhsieh@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Road, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

Data:Da41f4c2-229f-40a5-baf3-dbb2bc3be952 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-229f-40a5-baf3-dbb2bc3be952 -229f-40a5-baf3-dbb2bc3be952 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of NM Effective date: 2011/08/21 End date if known: Rate name: 20 Streetlights and Floodlights 7000 Lumen 175 Watt Mercury Vapor Post Top and Streetlight Customer Owned Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to street lighting and floodlighting systems and under contract with any municipal corporation or other political subdivision within the State of New Mexico. Available within the incorporated limits of cities and towns and adjacent territory served by the Company in its Albuquerque, Valencia, Sandoval, Clayton, Deming, Las Vegas, East Mountain, and Santa Fe Divisions and territory contiguous thereto.

326

Data:95b2ccb5-3a2a-4724-82e9-3681afbdf3a7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ccb5-3a2a-4724-82e9-3681afbdf3a7 ccb5-3a2a-4724-82e9-3681afbdf3a7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Effective date: 2012/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: LIGHTING--SCHEDULE LS--Rate SL 150 watt High Pressure Sodium Edison III on Fiberglass Pole (URD) Sector: Lighting Description: Availability A member must be receiving electric service to be eligible for a security light at that location. Character of Service Mercury Vapor, High Pressure Sodium Metal Halide light, or Sodium Edison III controlled by a photoelectric switch so as to provide light from sundown to sunup.

327

Page 2 of 36 Page 3 of 36  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consists of a pump, fan, electrical circuitry, and a solid-state heat transfer assembly. The T255P. Introduction Immediately upon receiving your new ThermoTek chiller (Recirculating Thermoelectric Heating of the unit. 2. Warnings and Precautions Your system is designed to provide fluid heating and cooling only

Kleinfeld, David

328

Increasing and decreasing sub 3 1 8 4 9 6 7 2 5 (i.s.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beauregard Robinson S = Craige Schensted (= Ea Ea) K = Donald Ervin Knuth 6 #12; w = 4132: 4 1 1 3 1 2 1 2 1

329

Data:2c3f0324-562a-4ad7-8795-aca24e3e2cdb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f0324-562a-4ad7-8795-aca24e3e2cdb f0324-562a-4ad7-8795-aca24e3e2cdb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Walton Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Directional Floodlight- HPS 1000 Watt Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.waltonemc.com/commercial/ Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

330

Preparation of 1,1'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole. [1,1'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new high density composition of matter, 1,1'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole, has been synthesized using inexpensive, commonly available compounds. This compound has been found to be an explosive, and its use as a propellant is anticipated. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Lee, K.Y.

1985-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

Microsoft Word - Showerhead Guidance _3-4__final_ _2_.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Showerhead Enforcement Guidance Showerhead Enforcement Guidance Issued: March 4, 2011 On February 3, 2011, the Department of Energy withdrew from OMB review, as unwarranted, the draft interpretative rule setting out the Department's views on the definition of a "showerhead" under the Energy Policy Conservation Act (EPCA) - and we formally withdraw that draft interpretive rule from consideration today. Nevertheless, to provide certainty to all stakeholders, the Department has decided to issue this brief enforcement guidance setting forth how it intends to enforce the law enacted by Congress in 1992 - yet do so in way that avoids needless economic dislocation. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * In May 2010, the Department of Energy issued a draft interpretative rule on the definition

332

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 2 Number 3 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particularly propitious zone for the proliferation of the Buddhist creed and River Krishna (Maisolos of the Greeks) was the life giving arterial water-way that united together the trading patrons given to far flung voyages and devoted monks who annihilated... )lars to underestimate the Indian context. These scholar:; are ol.wiously ignotant of the fact that the Mahlyana which spread over Tibet and Mongolia was nursed and nourished in ;he Him:.>l3yas in a typically Indian climate. [Besides such meth:)dobgy would warrant...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

1965-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 3 Number 2 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Waterloo Lutheran University and University of Waterloo (Canada); presently Professor of Geography, University of Kentucky (USA). NALINAKSHA DUTT Vice-President: Namgyal Institute of Tibeto logy; President: Asiatic Society, Calcutta 1958-60; formerly... ReYiewofIndia, Vo1.22, NO.3, September, 1960, PP34-39 21. For details see P.P. Karan, Nepali: a Cultural and Physical Geooraphy lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1960, Pp91-95 12. P. P. Karan and W.M. Jenkins, The Himalayan Kinodoms...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

1966-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

334

Microsoft Word - SMail_Secure_Web-Based_Email_v3 _2_.doc | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SMailSecureWeb-BasedEmailv3 2.doc Microsoft Word - SMailSecureWeb-BasedEmailv3 2.doc Instructions for Using Secure Email via Outlook Web Access More Documents &...

335

Influence of lithium on nanosized films of Fe2O3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated nanosized thin films of ?-Fe2O3 (hematite) and ?-Fe2O3 with addition of Li, by the impedance spectroscopy (IS), the Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and ...

A. Turkovi?; M. Ivanda; M. Bitenc; Z. Crnjak Orel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces Nearly 3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption DOE Announces Nearly 3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption...

337

Process for the preparation of protected 3-amino-1,2-dihydroxypropane acetal and derivatives thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for producing protected 3-amino-1,2-dihydroxypropane acetal, particularly in chiral forms, for use as an intermediate in the preparation of various 3-carbon compounds which are chiral. In particular, the present invention relates to the process for preparation of 3-amino-1,2-dihydroxypropane isopropylidene acetal. The protected 3-amino-1,2-dihydroxypropane acetal is a key intermediate to the preparation of chiral 3-carbon compounds which in turn are intermediates to various pharmaceuticals.

Hollingsworth, Rawle I. (Haslett, MI); Wang, Guijun (East Lansing, MI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 2005 Energy Expenditures per Household, by Housing Type and Square Footage ($2010) Per Household Single-Family 1.16 Detached 1.16 Attached 1.20 Multi-Family 1.66 2 to 4 units 1.90 5 or more units 1.53 Mobile Home 1.76 All Homes 1.12 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Energy expenditures per square foot were calculated using estimates of average heated floor space per household. According to the 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the average heated floor space per household in the U.S. was 1,618 square feet. Average total floor space, which includes garages, attics and unfinished basements, equaled 2,309 square feet. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008, Table US-1 part1; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for

339

Agenda, October 2 & 3, 2013 Meeting of the Electricity Advisory Committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Agenda for the U.S. Department of Energy Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting scheduled for October 2 & 3, 2013.

340

Data:C3ec3de0-ba9e-4d65-a5c1-2aefef4069e3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Data:C3ec3de0-ba9e-4d65-a5c1-2aefef4069e3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Data:F63d3b82-7e4f-4aa3-8147-2a3beff5704e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b82-7e4f-4aa3-8147-2a3beff5704e b82-7e4f-4aa3-8147-2a3beff5704e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pearl River Valley El Pwr Assn Effective date: 2012/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: 70 OL-8 400 MH, Flood Sector: Lighting Description: Available to all Consumer's subject to Association's established rules and regulations. Association's standard outdoor lighting facilities. Service includes Association furnishing, operating, and maintaining lighting fixture, control equipment and lamp. When Association is required to alter its normal facilities to furnish a special outdoor lighting service, there will be an additional monthly charge.

342

Data:C3d972d3-fa2b-4d27-9898-677f7ba3f85a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2d3-fa2b-4d27-9898-677f7ba3f85a 2d3-fa2b-4d27-9898-677f7ba3f85a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Spring Grove, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/06/05 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial- Single-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.springgrove.govoffice.com/vertical/sites/%7BF9DAB398-3ED2-4F76-ADAA-FADAB2BA2D32%7D/uploads/Chapter_105_-_Electric_Rates_2012.xlsx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

343

DETECTION OF NONPOLAR IONS IN {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2} STATES BY RADIOASTRONOMY VIA MAGNETIC DIPOLE TRANSITIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibility of magnetic dipole-induced pure rotational transitions in the interstellar medium is investi- gated for symmetric Hund's case (a) linear molecules, such as H-C{identical_to}C-H{sup +} (X-tilde {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2u}), CO{sub 2} {sup +} (X-tilde {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}), H-C{identical_to}C-C{identical_to}C-H{sup +} (X-tilde {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}), and N{sub 3} (X-tilde {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}). These species lack an electric dipole moment and therefore cannot undergo pure rotational electric dipole transitions. These species can undergo pure rotational transitions via the parallel component of the magnetic dipole operator, however. The transition moments and Einstein A coefficients for the allowed pure rotational transitions are derived for a general Hund's case (a) linear molecule, and tabulated for the examples of H-C{identical_to}C-H{sup +} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2u}) and H-C{identical_to}C-C{identical_to}C-H{sup +} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}). It is found that the rates of emission are comparable to collision rates in interstellar clouds, suggesting that this decay mechanism may be important in simulating rotational population distributions in diffuse clouds and for detecting these molecules by radioastronomy. Expected line positions for the magnetic dipole-allowed R{sub ef} (J) and R{sub fe} (J) transitions of H-C{identical_to}C-H{sup +} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2u}), H-C{identical_to}C-C{identical_to}C-H{sup +} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}), CO{sub 2}{sup +} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}), and N{sub 3} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2g}) are tabulated to assist in their observation by radioastronomy or in the laboratory.

Morse, Michael D. [Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Maier, John P., E-mail: morse@chem.utah.edu, E-mail: j.p.maier@unibas.ch [Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 80, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

344

Check for peroxides every 6 months. opened test 1 test 2 test 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Check for peroxides every 6 months. opened test 1 test 2 test 3 date initials Check for peroxides every 6 months. opened test 1 test 2 test 3 date initials Check for peroxides every 6 months. Test strips can be obtained from EH&S, 5-8200 opened test 1 test 2 test 3 date initials Check for peroxides

Manning, Sturt

345

Topology of charge density and elastic properties of Ti3SiC2 polymorphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Structure models of Ti 3 SiC 2 . ? and ? refer to the twothe Brillouin zone of Ti 3 SiC 2 . c 400 MPa a 400 MPa c 400and elastic properties of Ti 3 SiC 2 polymorphs R. Yu, X. F.

Yu, Rong; Zhang, Xiao Feng; He, Lian Long; Ye, Heng Qiang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

3.1_Item_2_Macondo_Well_07_Jun_1900.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3.1Item2MacondoWell07Jun1900.pdf 3.1Item2MacondoWell07Jun1900.pdf 3.1Item2MacondoWell07Jun1900.pdf More Documents & Publications 1.1Item11RITT07Jun1900N...

347

Growth temperature dependence of epitaxial Gd2O3 films on Si(111)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reports on the epitaxy of crystalline high @k oxide Gd"2O"3 layers on Si(111) for CMOS gate application. Epitaxial Gd"2O"3 thin films have been grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) on Si(111) substrates between 650 and 750^oC. The structural ... Keywords: Crystalline high ? oxide, Electrical properties, Gd2O3, Molecular beam epitaxy

G. Niu; B. Vilquin; N. Baboux; C. Plossu; L. Becerra; G. Saint-Grions; G. Hollinger

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

2-3 High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HFMRF Overview HFMRF Overview High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility A significant portion of research conducted in the High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility (HFMRF) focuses on developing a fundamental, molecular-level understanding of biochemi- cal and biological systems and their response to environmental effects. A secondary focus is in materials science and catalysis and the chemical mechanisms and processes that operate in these areas. Resident and matrixed research staff within this facility offer expertise in the areas of structural biology, solid-state materials characterization, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. Instrumentation & Capabilities NMR * 900-MHz NMR (operational in 2004) * 800-MHz NMR * 750-MHz NMR * 600-MHz NMR (2 systems)

349

Nuclear Regulatory legislation: 103d Congress. Volume 2, No. 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is a compilation of nuclear regulatory legislation and other relevant material through the 103d Congress, 2d Session. This compilation has been prepared for use as a resource document, which the NRC intends to update at the end of every Congress. The contents of NUREG-0980 include the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978; Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act; Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982; and NRC Authorization and Appropriations Acts. Other materials included are statutes and treaties on export licensing, nuclear non-proliferation, and environmental protection.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

Gearboxes in wind turbines have not been achieving their expected design life even though they commonly meet or exceed the design criteria specified in current design standards. One of the basic premises of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) is that the low gearbox reliability results from the absence of critical elements in the design process or insufficient design tools. Key goals of the GRC are to improve design approaches and analysis tools and to recommend practices and test methods resulting in improved design standards for wind turbine gearboxes that lower the cost of energy (COE) through improved reliability. The GRC uses a combined gearbox testing, modeling and analysis approach, along with a database of information from gearbox failures collected from overhauls and investigation of gearbox condition monitoring techniques to improve wind turbine operations and maintenance practices. Testing of Gearbox 2 (GB2) using the two-speed turbine controller that has been used in prior testing. This test series will investigate non-torque loads, high-speed shaft misalignment, and reproduction of field conditions in the dynamometer. This test series will also include vibration testing using an eddy-current brake on the gearbox's high speed shaft.

Link, H.; Keller, J.; Guo, Y.; McNiff, B.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gearboxes in wind turbines have not been achieving their expected design life even though they commonly meet or exceed the design criteria specified in current design standards. One of the basic premises of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) is that the low gearbox reliability results from the absence of critical elements in the design process or insufficient design tools. Key goals of the GRC are to improve design approaches and analysis tools and to recommend practices and test methods resulting in improved design standards for wind turbine gearboxes that lower the cost of energy (COE) through improved reliability. The GRC uses a combined gearbox testing, modeling and analysis approach, along with a database of information from gearbox failures collected from overhauls and investigation of gearbox condition monitoring techniques to improve wind turbine operations and maintenance practices. Testing of Gearbox 2 (GB2) using the two-speed turbine controller that has been used in prior testing. This test series will investigate non-torque loads, high-speed shaft misalignment, and reproduction of field conditions in the dynamometer. This test series will also include vibration testing using an eddy-current brake on the gearbox's high speed shaft.

Link, H.; Keller, J.; Guo, Y.; McNiff, B.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Data:52ba2b42-f5c2-4e36-be99-3a72a3db256e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ba2b42-f5c2-4e36-be99-3a72a3db256e ba2b42-f5c2-4e36-be99-3a72a3db256e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 01 TOU-A RESIDENTIAL SERVICE TIME-OF-USE-Overhead Sector: Residential Description: Applicability: To residential use only in single private residences or a single unit in a multiple apartment through one point of delivery and measured through one meter. Monthly minimum bill: $30.00 Source or reference: http://www.ed3online.org/view/70 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

353

Sb[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3] and Bi[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3] Thin Films Grown by Room-Temperature MBE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sb{sub 2}Te3 and Bi{sub 2}Te3 thin films were grown on SiO{sub 2} and BaF{sub 2} substrates at room temperature using molecular beam epitaxy. Metallic layers with thicknesses of 0.2 nm were alternately deposited at room temperature, and the films were subsequently annealed at 250 C for 2 h. x-Ray diffraction and energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (TEM) combined with high-accuracy energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry revealed stoichiometric films, grain sizes of less than 500 nm, and a texture. High-quality in-plane thermoelectric properties were obtained for Sb{sub 2}Te3 films at room temperature, i.e., low charge carrier density (2.6 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, large thermopower (130 {micro}V K{sup -1}), large charge carrier mobility (402 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1}), and resulting large power factor (29 {micro}W cm{sup -1} K{sup -2}). Bi{sub 2}Te3 films also showed low charge carrier density (2.7 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}), moderate thermopower (-153 {micro}V K{sup -1}), but very low charge carrier mobility (80 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1}), yielding low power factor (8 {micro}W cm{sup -1} K{sup -2}). The low mobilities were attributed to Bi-rich grain boundary phases identified by analytical energy-filtered TEM.

Aabdin, Z.; Peranio, N.; Winkler, M.; Bessas, D.; Knig, J.; Hermann, R.P.; Bttner, H.; Eibl, O. (Julich); (Tubingen); (Fraunhofer)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

354

Preparation of 1,1'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new high density composition of matter, 1,1'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole, has been synthesized using inexpensive, commonly available compounds. This compound has been found to be an explosive, and its use as a propellant is anticipated.

Lee, Kien-Yin (Los Alamos, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Save with Solar, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Fall 2000)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the second issue of the third volume (Fall 2000) of a technical bulletin produced for the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). It is intended for Federal solar energy champions, that is, energy officers, contracting officials, facility managers, and others who participate in projects in which solar and other renewable energy technologies are installed in Federal government facilities in order to meet the directives of Executive Order 13123 and the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative. This issue recognizes the contributions of the Federal agencies and specific individuals who enabled the government to meet its goal of installing 2,000 solar energy systems (and related systems) on Federal roofs by the year 2000. Although only about 30 solar energy champions were given awards, they represent hundreds of government employees who are working to save energy, money, and the environment through energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Eiffert, P.

2000-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

356

Clean Cities Drive Vol 3 Issue 2 - Spring 1996  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

to the fifth issue of the U.S. to the fifth issue of the U.S. 1 w"" Department of Energy's (DOE) Clean Cities Drive. Each issue of the I I newsletter will bring you valuable information from the Clean Cities pro- I I gram to help you succeed in putting more alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) I I onto our roads. If you have a story to 1 1 tell, a picture to share, or information of interest to Clean Cities participants, 1 1 please call the Clean Cities Hodine at 1 -800-CCITIES. 1 1 1 Technical and Training Centers Meet Clean Cities' Needs for Skilled Mechanics I NEW M E X I C O SETS EXAMPL C O N N E C I I C U T COLLEGE GETS S E R I O U S NEW T R A I N I N G STANDARDS RELEASED 3 Stakeholders' Corner FOR SOME STAKEHOLDERS, AFVS ARE JUST PART OF T H E I R B I G GREEN P I C T U R Total Petroleum's Cash for Clunkers

357

Sgf29 binds histone H3K4me2/3 and is required for SAGA complex recruitment and histone H3 acetylation  

SciTech Connect

The SAGA (Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase) complex is an important chromatin modifying complex that can both acetylate and deubiquitinate histones. Sgf29 is a novel component of the SAGA complex. Here, we report the crystal structures of the tandem Tudor domains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and human Sgf29 and their complexes with H3K4me2 and H3K4me3 peptides, respectively, and show that Sgf29 selectively binds H3K4me2/3 marks. Our crystal structures reveal that Sgf29 harbours unique tandem Tudor domains in its C-terminus. The tandem Tudor domains in Sgf29 tightly pack against each other face-to-face with each Tudor domain harbouring a negatively charged pocket accommodating the first residue alanine and methylated K4 residue of histone H3, respectively. The H3A1 and K4me3 binding pockets and the limited binding cleft length between these two binding pockets are the structural determinants in conferring the ability of Sgf29 to selectively recognize H3K4me2/3. Our in vitro and in vivo functional assays show that Sgf29 recognizes methylated H3K4 to recruit the SAGA complex to its targets sites and mediates histone H3 acetylation, underscoring the importance of Sgf29 in gene regulation.

Bian, Chuanbing; Xu, Chao; Ruan, Jianbin; Lee, Kenneth K.; Burke, Tara L.; Tempel, Wolfram; Barsyte, Dalia; Li, Jing; Wu, Minhao; Zhou, Bo O.; Fleharty, Brian E.; Paulson, Ariel; Allali-Hassani, Abdellah; Zhou, Jin-Qiu; Mer, Georges; Grant, Patrick A.; Workman, Jerry L.; Zang, Jianye; Min, Jinrong (Toronto); (Stowers); (UST - China); (UV); (Chinese Aca. Sci.); (MCCM)

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

358

Bipolar resistive switching effect in Gd2O3 films for transparent memory application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A transparent resistive random access memory based on ITO/Gd"2O"3/ITO capacitor structure is fabricated on glass substrate. The transparent memory exhibits reliable resistive switching for more than 1000 cycles, low operation voltage of -2V/+2V, and ... Keywords: Gadolinium oxide, Gd2O3, RRAM, Resistive memory, TRRAM, Transparent memory

Kou-Chen Liu; Wen-Hsien Tzeng; Kow-Ming Chang; Yi-Chun Chan; Chun-Chih Kuo

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Ab Initio Thermodynamic Study of the CO2 Capture Properties of Potassium Carbonate Sesquihydrate, K2CO31.5H2O  

SciTech Connect

By combining density functional theory and lattice phonon dynamics, the thermodynamic properties of CO2 absorption/desorption reactions with dehydrated potassium carbonates through K2CO31.5H2O + CO2 = 2KHCO3 + 0.5H2O(g) are analyzed. The energy change and the chemical potential of this reaction have been calculated and used to evaluate its thermodynamic properties and phase transitions. The results indicate that the K2CO31.5H2O can only be applied for postcombustion CO2 capture technology at temperatures lower than its phase transition temperature, which depends on the CO2 pressure and the steam pressure with the best range being PH2O ? 1.0 bar. Above the phase transition temperature, the sorbent will be regenerated into anhydrous K2CO3. If the steam pressure PH2O is much greater than 1.0 bar, it is possible to use the K2CO31.5H2O sorbent for precombustion CO2 capture technology. Compared to anhydrous K2CO3, K2CO31.5H2O requires less energy for regeneration.

Duan, Yuhua; Luebkes,David R.; Pennline, Henry W; Li, Bingyun Li; Janik, Michael J.; Halley, Woods

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ionic conduction mechanisms in CaF{sub 2} and CaF{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite films on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin films of pure CaF{sub 2} and nanocomposite mixtures of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} with CaF{sub 2} were sublimated on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrates. Interdigital electrodes allowed in situ measurements of the electrical conduction vs thickness, deposition rate, composition, time, and temperature. Conductivity in pure CaF{sub 2} adjacent to an Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} interface sometimes exceeded the bulk CaF{sub 2} conductivity (i.e., value at more than 50 nm distance) by as much as a factor of 6700 at 200C. The high conductivity is characterized by an activation energy of 0.6{plus_minus}0.1 eV, significantly lower than about 1.0 eV for bulk conduction. However, this high conductivity is thermally unstable and diminishes in time. A high but stable conductivity was obtained in CaF{sub 2} films containing about 10 mole percent Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a dispersed second phase. At 200C, a 2-phase film gave a factor of 360 enhancement over the measured bulk CaF{sub 2} conductivity and a factor of 7 improvement over the best previously reported conductivity for CaF{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite materials. The origin of enhanced conduction in CaF{sub 2} is attributed to ion transport along dislocations. Dislocations anneal with a characteristic log of time dependence that is recognizable in the annealing behavior of the electrical conductivity. Presumably, the addition of a dispersed second phase of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to CaF{sub 2} serves both to generate and to pin dislocations; the electrical conductance is thereby enhanced and stabilized.

Modine, F.A.; Lubben, D.; Bates, J.B.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Data:Df3a8629-ea2b-45c3-b32f-ae3e18fd1f7f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-ea2b-45c3-b32f-ae3e18fd1f7f 9-ea2b-45c3-b32f-ae3e18fd1f7f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Intermountain Rural Elec Assn Effective date: 2013/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Time of Use (FP-TOU) Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

362

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Cost of a Generic Quad Used in the Residential Sector ($2010 Billion) (1) Residential 1980 10.45 1981 11.20 1982 11.58 1983 11.85 1984 11.65 1985 11.43 1986 10.90 1987 10.55 1988 10.18 1989 9.98 1990 10.12 1991 9.94 1992 9.78 1993 9.77 1994 9.78 1995 9.44 1996 9.44 1997 9.59 1998 9.23 1999 8.97 2000 9.57 2001 10.24 2002 9.33 2003 10.00 2004 10.32 2005 11.10 2006 11.60 2007 11.61 2008 12.29 2009 11.65 2010 9.98 2011 9.99 2012 9.87 2013 9.77 2014 9.76 2015 9.88 2016 9.85 2017 9.83 2018 9.86 2019 9.88 2020 9.91 2021 10.00 2022 10.09 2023 10.11 2024 10.12 2025 10.09 2026 10.10 2027 10.13 2028 10.11 2029 10.06 2030 10.06 2031 10.13 2032 10.23 2033 10.34 2034 10.45 2035 10.57 Note(s): 1) See Table 1.5.1 for generic quad definition. This table provides the consumer cost of a generic quad in the buildings sector. Use this table to estimate the average consumer cost savings resulting from the savings of a generic (primary) quad in the buildings sector. 2) Price of

363

Comparison of Cobalt and Nickel Complexes with Sterically Demanding Cyclic Diphosphine Ligands: Electrocatalytic H2 Production by [Co(PtBu2NPh2)(CH3CN)3](BF4)2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cyclic diphosphine ligands PtBu2NPh2 and PtBu2NBz2 have been synthesized and used to prepare new complexes of Co(II) and Ni(II) with the formula [M(PtBu2NR2)(CH3CN)n](BF4)2 (n = 2, 3). The products have been characterized by variable temperature NMR data, X-ray diffraction studies, and cyclic voltammetry, and properties of the new complexes have been compared with previously studied complexes containing PPh2NR2 ligands. The variation of either phosphorus or nitrogen substituents in these ligands can result in significant differences in the structure, electrochemistry and reactivity of the metal complexes. [Co(PtBu2NPh2)(CH3CN)3](BF4)2 is found to be an effective electrocatalyst for the formation of hydrogen using bromoanilinium tetrafluoroborate as the acid, with a turnover frequency of 62 s-1 and an overpotential of 160 mV, and these cobalt derivatives are a promising class of catalysts for further study and optimization. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy. This material is based upon work supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

Wiedner, Eric S.; Yang, Jenny Y.; Dougherty, William G.; Kassel, W. S.; Bullock, R. Morris; Rakowski DuBois, Mary; DuBois, Daniel L.

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

364

Data:4ff474e5-2efe-4df3-9586-71aa3d2d24c0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

74e5-2efe-4df3-9586-71aa3d2d24c0 74e5-2efe-4df3-9586-71aa3d2d24c0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/07/06 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 8am-8pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0583 per kilowatt-hour.

365

Evidence of Coverage 3.2-1KE FS 624 HDBK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Evidence of Coverage 3.2-1KE FS 624 HDBK TOC Table of Contents Required the Notice for detailed information regarding their privacy rights. KE FS 624 HDBK DIS #12;3.2-3 Welcome by Hospitals if they have questions about your coverage. KE FS 624 HDBK WEL #12;3.2-4 Using The HMO System

Boufadel, Michel

366

CC 1 CAR 0 CAR 100 CAR 96 CC 2 CAR 1 CC 3 CAR 2 CAR 4 CC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CC 1 CAR 0 CAR 100 CAR 96 CC 2 CAR 1 CC 3 CAR 2 CAR 4 CC 4 CAR 3 CAR 99 CAR 97 CAR 98 CC 5 CAR 5 CAR 7 CAR 81 CAR 140 CAR 80 CAR 79 ...

367

Data:1a2af376-32a3-435c-b2a3-1d405550ac90 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Data Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Data:1a2af376-32a3-435c-b2a3-1d405550ac90 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Sulphur Springs Valley E C Inc Effective date: 2013/03/18 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting: 100 Watt HPS - Double/Steel Sector: Lighting Description: Customer provided Facilities and Cooperative Owned and Maintained Lighting Service. Source or reference: http://www.ssvec.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2013/03/SSVEC-Rates-03.18.13.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

368

Data:A3b957b2-da1b-4a2e-a610-c5677f3e7595 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

da1b-4a2e-a610-c5677f3e7595 da1b-4a2e-a610-c5677f3e7595 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Borough of Kutztown, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Institutional service Sector: Residential Description: This rate schedule is for three-phase service for a load in excess of 50 KW serving an institution of public, charitable or educational character, excluding industrial and commercial. Source or reference: http://www.kutztownboro.org/kutztown/uploads/ElectricRatesJanuary2012.pdf Source Parent: Comments minimum charge of $330.89

369

Synthesis of 3-aminocyclobutenones via [2 + 2] cycloaddition of ynamides and ketenes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ynamides react with various classes of ketenes in intermolecular [2 + 2] cycloaddition to afford substituted cyclobutenones with complete regioselectivity. The cycloaddition substrates are easily assembled from amine ...

Aguirre Kohnen, Amanda L. (Amanda Lucille)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Thermodynamic Studies of [H2Rh(diphosphine)2]+ and [HRh(diphosphine)2(CH3CN)]2+ Complexes in Acetonitrile  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermodynamic studies of a series of [H2Rh(PP)2]+ and [HRh(PP)2(CH3CN)]2+ complexes have been carried out in acetonitrile. Seven different diphosphine (PP) ligands were selected to allow variation of the electronic properties of the ligand substituents, the cone angles, and the natural bite angles (NBAs). Oxidative addition of H2 to [Rh(PP)2]+ complexes is favored by diphosphine ligands with large NBAs, small cone angles, and electron donating substituents, with the NBA being the dominant factor. Large pKa values for [HRh(PP)2(CH3CN)]2+ complexes are favored by small ligand cone angles, small NBAs, and electron donating substituents with the cone angles playing a major role. The hydride donor abilities of [H2Rh(PP)2]+ complexes increase as the NBAs decrease, the cone angles decrease, and the electron donor abilities of the substituents increase. These results indicate that if solvent coordination is involved in hydride transfer or proton transfer reactions, the observed trends can be understood in terms of a combination of two different steric effects, NBAs and cone angles, and electron-donor effects of the ligand substituents.

Aaron D. Wilson; Alexander J. M. Miller; Daniel L. DuBois; Jay A. Labinger; John E. Bercaw

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Data:6f5edd09-3f3a-41a1-a1a2-3b3682075b12 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

edd09-3f3a-41a1-a1a2-3b3682075b12 edd09-3f3a-41a1-a1a2-3b3682075b12 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Athens Utility Board Effective date: 2011/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting: Metal Halide 175W Sector: Lighting Description: Installations charge per light: $50.00 Pole charge per month: $2.00(included in the fixed monthly charge) Source or reference: http://www.aub.org/rate_power_ol.php Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

372

Data:76a48ca3-e92f-4ef2-b3c3-ab37c05c377a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a48ca3-e92f-4ef2-b3c3-ab37c05c377a a48ca3-e92f-4ef2-b3c3-ab37c05c377a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Eagle River, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/08/04 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day 9am-9pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base

373

Data:42231654-9dc2-4239-9249-e2a3ebca96ae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

54-9dc2-4239-9249-e2a3ebca96ae 54-9dc2-4239-9249-e2a3ebca96ae No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Town of Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: 92 WATT INCANDESCENT Sector: Commercial Description: *Note: Incandescent and Mercury lamps will no longer be supplied for new installations. Fixed Monthly Charge= Annual Rate divided by 12 months. Extra Pole Cost When an extra pole is required, specifically for street lighting, there will be an extra cost based upon pole size, including up to 100 feet of secondary. 30 foot or 35 foot Class 4 pole is $44.00 per year

374

Data:381deca3-a2f1-4614-9626-fed82694ac2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

deca3-a2f1-4614-9626-fed82694ac2d deca3-a2f1-4614-9626-fed82694ac2d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delmarva Power Effective date: 2013/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: OL "HPS" 250 Watt (Enclosed) (Customer Owned w/o maintenance) 109 kW Sector: Lighting Description: http://www.delmarva.com/_res/documents/DEMasterTariff.pdf Source or reference: Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

375

Data:2b434a1c-f6d9-48a2-a2b2-d3de3fd4a1a7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c-f6d9-48a2-a2b2-d3de3fd4a1a7 c-f6d9-48a2-a2b2-d3de3fd4a1a7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Rate--Schedule LS Metal Halide (1500w) Sector: Lighting Description: Available for service to street and park lighting systems, traffic signal systems, athletic field lighting installations, and outdoor lighting for individual customers. Service under this schedule is for a term of not less than 1 year. Source or reference: http://www.jwemc.org/rateforms.aspx Source Parent: Comments

376

Data:Efb50851-940a-49ca-a3e8-04c3d2afd0d2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Efb50851-940a-49ca-a3e8-04c3d2afd0d2 Efb50851-940a-49ca-a3e8-04c3d2afd0d2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: GreyStone Power Corporation Effective date: 2008/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Service Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.greystonepower.com/UploadedFiles/pdf/rate%203.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

377

Data:4c9a910c-b3da-4517-8850-ce2d3f0fbbe2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4c9a910c-b3da-4517-8850-ce2d3f0fbbe2 4c9a910c-b3da-4517-8850-ce2d3f0fbbe2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: *The minimum monthly charge under the rate shall be $25. Three-phase service is available to Residential members with prior approval of the Cooperative. Members receiving three-phase service will be billed a monthly charge of $12.50 in addition to all other charges. Source or reference: http://www.tri-countyemc.com/skins/userfiles/file/Residential%20Basic%20R-1%202012.pdf

378

Data:4c302141-3e97-4798-b051-59e3a1d2e2e0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2141-3e97-4798-b051-59e3a1d2e2e0 2141-3e97-4798-b051-59e3a1d2e2e0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Elec & Gas Co Effective date: 2010/06/07 End date if known: Rate name: 100W HAGERSTOWN TYPE IV H.P Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.pseg.com/family/pseandg/tariffs/electric/pdf/electric_tariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

379

Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance of Pulse Electroplated Ni/nano-Al2O3 Composite Coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Ni/nano-Al2O3 composite coatings were prepared by pulse electro-plating. The experiments of corrosion resistance were carried for 304 stainless steel, pure Ni coating and Ni/nano-Al2O3 composite coating in 3.5% NaCl and 10% HCl solutions. The microstrcuture ... Keywords: pulse electro-plating, composite coating, microhardness, corrosion resistance

Hu Bin-Liang, Tan Yuan-Qiang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Atomic-Scale Structure of Al2O3-ZrO2 Mixed Oxides Prepared by Laser Ablation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By means of x-ray diffractometry (XRD) and X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, the phase composition and atomic structure of laser evaporated ZrO2 and ZrO2-Al2O3 nanopowders have been studied. The results indicate that pure ZrO2 exists in the form of tetragonal structure, Al2O3 doped ZrO2 nanoparticles, however, have cubic structure. Compared to bulk tetragonal ZrO2, pure tetragonal ZrO2 nanoparticles have a shorter Zr-O- and Zr-Zr shell, indicating that the lattice contracts with decreasing particle size. For Al2O3 doped ZrO2 solid solution, the distances of first Zr-O and Zr-Zr (Al) coordination decrease with increasing solid solubility. The disorder degree of the ZrO2 lattice increases with increasing solid solubility. The coevaporated ZrO2-Al2O3 is quickly solidified into amorphous phase when it is ablated in a higher pressure. The amorphous phase contains Zr-O-Zr (Al) clusters and has shorter Zr-O distance and tower Zr-O coordination number.

Yang Xiuchun [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Dubiel, M. [Department of Physics, Martin Luther University of Halle, D-06108 Halle (Germany); Hofmeister, H. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Germany); Riehemann, W. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clausthal University of Technology (Germany)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Structural and topographical analysis of Nd:Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods  

SciTech Connect

Nanocrystalline form of pure and Nd doped gadolinium hydroxide [Nd:Gd(OH({sub 3}] nanorods were successfully synthesized at 60 Degree-Sign C through simple co-precipitation method of Gd(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}.6H{sub 2}O and Nd(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}.6H{sub 2}O solutions with a specified pH, adjusted using NH{sub 3} as buffer solution. The dopant percentage was maintained at 5%. The as-synthesized Gd(OH){sub 3} and Nd:Gd(OH({sub 3} nanorods were annealed at 500 Degree-Sign C for 1 h to form the respective Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Nd:Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanorods. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses were used to characterize these as-synthesized [Gd(OH){sub 3} and Nd:Gd(OH({sub 3}] and annealed [Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Nd:Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}] nanorods.

Boopathi, G.; Mohan, R. [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Chennai 600 005 (India); Raj, S. Gokul [Department of Physics, Vel Tech, Dr. RR and Dr. SR Technical University, Avadi, Chennai 600 062 (India); Kumar, G. Ramesh [Department of Physics, University College of Engineering Arni, Anna University Chennai, Arni 632 317 (India)

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

382

Data:Dcc5913e-3eac-4e6d-b252-3c5b3b2e5491 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

913e-3eac-4e6d-b252-3c5b3b2e5491 913e-3eac-4e6d-b252-3c5b3b2e5491 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kerrville Public Utility Board Effective date: 2000/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: New service charge-Outside normal business hours Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to all retail customers served by KPUB. The charges listed herein are in addition to any other charges made under KPUB's Tariff for Electric Service, and will be applied for the appropriate condition described. Other services not covered by these standard conditions will be charged on the basis of an estimate for the job or the actual costs plus overhead adders.

383

UNSTEADY SIMULATION OF FLOW IN MICRO VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though wind turbines and windmills have been used for centuries, the application of aerodynamics technology to improve reliability and reduce costs of wind-generated energy has only been pursued in earnest for the past 40 years. Today, wind energy is mainly used to generate electricity. Wind is a renewable energy source. Power production from wind turbines is affected by certain conditions: wind speed, turbine speed, turbulence and the changes of wind direction. These conditions are not always optimal and have negative effects on most turbines. The present turbine is supposed to be less affected by these conditions because the blades combine a rotating movement around each own axis and around the nacelles one. Due to this combination of movements, flow around this turbine can be more highly unsteady, because of great blade stagger angles. The turbine has a rotor with three straight blades of symmetrical airfoil. Paper presents unsteady simulations that have been performed for one wind velocity, and different initial blades stagger angles. The influence of interaction of blades is studied for one specific constant rotational speed among the four rotational speeds that have been studied.

A. C. Bayeul-lain; G. Bois

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Control system for a vertical-axis windmill  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical-axis windmill having a rotating structure is provided with a series of articulated vertical blades whose positions are controlled to maintain a constant RPM for the rotating structure, when wind speed is sufficient. A microprocessor controller is used to process information on wind speed, wind direction and RPM of the rotating structure to develop an electrical signal for establishing blade position. The preferred embodiment of the invention, when connected to a utility grid, is designed to generate 40 kilowatts of power when exposed to a 20 mile per hour wind. The control system for the windmill includes electrical blade actuators that modulate the blades of the rotating structure. Blade modulation controls the blade angle of attack, which in turn controls the RPM of the rotor. In the preferred embodiment, the microprocessor controller provides the operation logic and control functions. A wind speed sensor provides inputs to start or stop the windmill, and a wind direction sensor is used to keep the blade flip region at 90 and 270/sup 0/ to the wind. The control system is designed to maintain constant rotor RPM when wind speed is between 10 and 40 miles per hour.

Brulle, R.V.

1981-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

385

Flux pinning enhancements in YBa2Cu3O7-8 superconductors through phase separated, self-assembled LaMnO3-MgO nanocomposite films.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological applications of high temperature superconductors (HTS) require high critical current density, Jc, under operation at high magnetic field strengths. This requires effective flux pinning by introducing artificial defects through creative processing. In this work, we generated correlated disorder for strong vortex pinning in the YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO) films by replacing the standard LaMnO3 (LMO) cap buffer layers in ion beam assisted deposited MgO templates with LMO:MgO composite films. Such films revealed formation of two phase-separated, but at the same time vertically aligned, self-assembled composite nanostructures that extend throughout the entire thickness of the film. Measurements of magnetic-field orientation-dependent Jc of YBCO coatings deposited on these nanostructured cap layers showed correlated c-axis pinning and improved in-field Jc performance compared to those of YBCO films deposited on standard LMO buffers. The present results demonstrate feasibility of novel and potentially practical approaches in the pursuit of more efficient, economical, and high performance superconducting devices.

Polat, Ozgur [ORNL; Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Kim, Kyunghoon [ORNL; Cook, Sylvester W [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Meyer, Hendrik [ORNL; Qiu, Xiaofeng [ORNL; Xiong, X. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

"An evaluation of phase separated, self-assembled LaMnO3-MgO nanocomposite films directly on IBAD-MgO as buffer layers for flux pinning enhancements in YBa2YCu3O7-& coated conductors"  

SciTech Connect

Technological applications of high temperature superconductors (HTS) require high critical current density, Jc, under operation at high magnetic field strengths. This requires effective flux pinning by introducing artificial defects through creative processing. In this work, we evaluated the feasibility of mixed-phase LaMnO3:MgO (LMO:MgO) films as a potential cap buffer layer for the epitaxial growth and enhanced performance of YBa2Cu3O7-d (YBCO) films. Such composite films were sputter deposited directly on IBAD-MgO templates (with no additional homo-epitaxial MgO layer) and revealed the formation of two phase-separated, but at the same time vertically aligned, self-assembled composite nanostructures that extend throughout the entire thickness of the film. The YBCO coatings deposited on these nanostructured cap layers showed correlated c-axis pinning and improved in-field Jc performance compared to those of YBCO films fabricated on standard LMO buffers. Microstructural characterization revealed additional extended disorder in the YBCO matrix. The present results demonstrate the feasibility of novel and potentially practical approaches in the pursuit of more efficient, economical, and high performance superconducting devices.

Polat, Ozgur [ORNL; Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Kim, Kyunghoon [ORNL; Qiu, Xiaofeng [ORNL; Cook, Sylvester W [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Xiong, X. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Technical Standards, MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: MACCS2 Gap Analysis The MACCS2 software, for radiological dispersion and consequence analysis, is one of the codes designated for the toolbox. To determine the actions needed to bring the MACCS2 code into compliance with the SQA qualification criteria, and develop an estimate of the resources required to perform the upgrade, the Implementation Plan has committed to sponsoring a code-specific gap analysis document. Technical Standards, MACCS2, Gap Analysis More Documents & Publications Technical Standards, Guidance on MACCS2 Computer Code - June 30, 2004 Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004

388

Role of lattice strain and defect chemistry on the oxygen vacancy migration at the (8.3%Y2O3-ZRO2)/SrTiO3 hetero-interface: A first principles study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the mechanism and the upper limits in the increase of oxygen ion conductivity at oxide hetero-interfaces, particularly the 8.3%Y2O3-ZrO2/SrTiO3 (YSZ/STO) as a model interface. We consider two factors contributing ...

Yildiz, Bilge

389

Formation, characterization, and application of sputtered Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ and gamma-Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/ thin films  

SciTech Connect

One reason to study Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ film formation is that it may be used as an insulating layer of a thin film inductive transducer for magnetic recording. Another reason is that Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ could serve as an effective replacement of SiO/sub 2/ as a gate insulation in MOSFET's (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor devices). RF diode sputtering is used as the method of forming Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ and ..gamma..-Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/ thin films. The effects of oxygen partial pressure, substrate bias, substrate spacing, and residual gas, etc. on the formation of oxide thin films were characterized by x-ray diffraction, SEM, STEM, TEM, ellipsometry, alpha-step scan, EDX, AES, XPS, capacitance bridge, and VSM (Vibrating Sample Magnetometer). It was found that Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ films sputtered at 400 watts RF power, 10 mtorr total gas pressure, and 6.35 cm target-to-substrate spacing will exhibit the optimum physical properties under the condition of -40 VRF substrate bias and 1 x 10/sup -4/ torr oxygen partial pressure. The effects of oxygen partial pressure and substrate bias are found to be the most important factors in determining the properties of sputtered oxide films.

Chen, G.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

{sup 2}H(d,p){sup 3}H and {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reactions at sub-coulomb energies  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 2}H({sup 3}He,p{sup 3}H){sup 1}H and {sup 2}H({sup 3}He,n{sup 3}He){sup 1}H processes have been measured in quasi free kinematics to investigate for the first time the {sup 2}H(d,p){sup 3}H and {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reactions by means of the Trojan Horse Method. The {sup 3}He+d experiment was performed at 18 MeV, corresponding the a d-d energy range from 1.5 MeV down to 2 keV. This range overlaps with the relevant region for Standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis as well as with the thermal energies of future fusion reactors and deuterium burning in the Pre Main Sequence phase of stellar evolution. This is the first pioneering experiment in quasi free regime where the charged spectator is detected. Both the energy dependence and the absolute value of the bare nucleus S(E) factors have been extracted for the first time. They deviate by more than 15% from available direct data with new S(0) values of 57.4{+-}1.8 MeVb for {sup 3}H+p and 60.1{+-}1.9 MeVb for {sup 3}He+n. None of the existing fitting curves is able to provide the correct slope of the new data in the full range, thus calling for a revision of the theoretical description. This has consequences in the calculation of the reaction rates with more than a 25% increase at the temperatures of future fusion reactors.

Tumino, A.; Spitaleri, C.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Typel, S.; Sparta, R.; Aliotta, M.; Kroha, V.; Hons, Z.; La Cognata, M.; Lamia, L.; Pizzone, R. G.; Mrazek, J.; Pizzone, R. G.; Rapisarda, G. G.; Romano, S.; Sergi, M. L. [Universita degli Studi di Enna Kore, and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud - INFN, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud - INFN, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); Cyclotron Institute Texas A and M University - College Station, Texas (United States); Excellence Cluster Universe - Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Garching, Germany and GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH - Theorie Darmstadt (Germany); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud - INFN, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); School of Physics and Astronomy - University of Edinburgh, SUPA (United Kingdom); Nuclear Physics Institute of ASCR - Rez near Prague (Czech Republic); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud - INFN, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); Nuclear Physics Institute of ASCR - Rez near Prague (Czech Republic); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud - INFN, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

Lipid Oxidation Pathways, Volume 2Chapter 3 Oxidation of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipid Oxidation Pathways, Volume 2 Chapter 3 Oxidation of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Oxid

392

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd EditionChapter 12 Maps and the Unknown  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd Edition Chapter 12 Maps and the Unknown Health Omega 3 eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Nutrition Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Maps and the Unknown from the

393

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd EditionChapter 16 Pathways to Leukotrienes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd Edition Chapter 16 Pathways to Leukotrienes Health Omega 3 eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Nutrition Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 15 Prostaglandin Formation F

394

Microstructure Formation in Ti3SiC2-Cu Composites Produced by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under low-energy milling, (3-5) vol.%Ti3SiC2Cu composite particles of platelet morphology formed, which could be easily SPS-ed to 92-95% relative density.

395

Interfacial Reconstruction and Superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-x ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Interfacial Reconstruction and Superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-x and Pr0.68Ca0.32MnO3 Superlattices. Author(s), Jonas Norpoth, Dong Su,...

396

A first-principles density functional theory study of the electronic structural and thermodynamic properties of M2ZrO3 and M2CO3 (M=Na, K) and their capabilities for CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

Alkali metal zirconates could be used as solid sorbents for CO{sub 2} capture. The structural, electronic, and phonon properties of Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} are investigated by combining the density functional theory with lattice phonon dynamics. The thermodynamics of CO{sub 2} absorption/desorption reactions of these two zirconates are analyzed. The calculated results show that their optimized structures are in a good agreement with experimental measurements. The calculated band gaps are 4.339 eV (indirect), 3.641 eV (direct), 3.935 eV (indirect), and 3.697 eV (direct) for Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, respectively.The calculated phonon dispersions and phonon density of states for M{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and M{sub 2}CO{sub 3} (M = K, Na, Li) revealed that from K to Na to Li, their frequency peaks are shifted to high frequencies due to the molecular weight decreased from K to Li. From the calculated reaction heats and relationships of free energy change versus temperatures and CO{sub 2} pressures of the M{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} (M = K, Na, Li) reacting with CO{sub 2}, we found that the performance of Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} capturing CO{sub 2} is similar to that of Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and is better than that of K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}. Therefore, Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} are good candidates of high temperature CO{sub 2} sorbents and could be used for post combustion CO{sub 2} capture technologies.

Yuhua Duan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Influence of Aerodynamic Stall on the Performance of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is currently an increasing desire for local small-scale sustainable energy generation. This has lead to increased interest in the concept of the vertical axis (more)

Edwards, Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Medial axis of regions bounded by b-spline curves and surfaces.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The medial axis of an object is a shape descriptor that intuitively presents the morphology or structure of the object as well as intrinsic geometric (more)

Musuvathy, Suraj Ravi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Simulation and modeling of flow field around a horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) using RANS method.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The principal objective of the proposed CFD analysis is to investigate the flow field around a horizontal axis wind turbine rotor and calculate the turbine's (more)

Sargsyan, Armen.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

for Dresden Nuclear Power Station, Units 2 and 3 and Quad Cities Nuclear Power Station, Units 1 and 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003 Exelon Generation Company, LLC (EGC) is submitting the additional information requested in email requests sent by Tae Kim (NRC) to EGC on October 23, 2003. This additional information provides a response to questions regarding the Section 3.1 and associated Aging Management Programs sections of Reference I to support the NRC review. EGC responses to requests for additional information for RA1 2.3.4.2-3, 3.1-1 and B.1.4 will be submitted in a later correspondence.

Llc To; Patrick R. Simpson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

October 2 & 3, 2013 Meeting of the Electricity Advisory Committee |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 2 & 3, 2013 Meeting of the October 2 & 3, 2013 Meeting of the Electricity Advisory Committee October 2 & 3, 2013 Meeting of the Electricity Advisory Committee Note: This meeting has been cancelled The Electricity Advisory Committee meeting scheduled to be held October 2 - October 3 has been cancelled, due to the uncertainty of continuing operations of the Federal government. If this meeting is rescheduled for a later date, details will be posted online and published in a new Federal Register notice. Original Date: October 2 & 3, 2013 Meeting of the Electricity Advisory Committee Date: Wednesday, October 2, 2013 12:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. EDT Date: Thursday, October 3, 2013 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. EDT Location: National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA), 4301 Wilson Blvd, Arlington, VA 22203

402

Data:3e08dcc3-c730-4d4e-82d0-b2b79228ecd2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dcc3-c730-4d4e-82d0-b2b79228ecd2 dcc3-c730-4d4e-82d0-b2b79228ecd2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/10/14 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service between 200kW and 1,000kW Demand Primary Metering Discount(With Parallel Generation(20 kW or less)- Net Energy Billing) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0765 per kilowatt-hour.

403

Multiple charge density wave transitions in Gd2Te5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diffraction measurements performed via transmission electron microscopy and high resolution X-ray scattering reveal two distinct charge density wave transitions in Gd{sub 2}Te{sub 5} at T{sub c1} = 410(3) and T{sub c2} = 532(3) K, associated with the on-axis incommensurate lattice modulation and off-axis commensurate lattice modulation respectively. Analysis of the temperature dependence of the order parameters indicates a non-vanishing coupling between these two distinct CDW states.

Shin, K.Y.; Ru, N.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Condron, C.L.; /SLAC, SSRL; Wu, Y.Q.; Kramer, M.J.; Toney, M.F.; /Ames Lab /Iowa State U., Dept. Mater. Sci. /SLAC, SSRL; Fisher, I.R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

molecular resonances p1 and p2, whose en-ergies are 2.3 and 2.7 eV, respectively.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

molecular resonances p1 and p2, whose en- ergies are ­2.3 and ­2.7 eV, respectively of the silicon substrate (24) to the molecule. Direct evidence of the existence of the two p1 and p2 molecular inside the molecule, different electronically excited states (p1 or p2 resonances) of the molecular

Gilli, Adrian

405

Infrared spectroscopic detection of the disilenyl (Si2H3) and d3-disilenyl (Si2D3) radicals in silane and d4-silane matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) or disilane (Si2H6) are decomposed by hot filaments or electrons generated within plasmas [9]. During intense vibrational levels of disilane, Si2H6(X1 A1g) [2158 cm?1 , 841­835 cm?1 ] [16], of the disilyl

Kaiser, Ralf I.

406

Detection of the Cosmic Infrared Background at 2.2 and 3.5 microns Using DIRBE Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare data from the Diffuse InfraRed Background Experiment (DIRBE) on the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite to the the Wainscoat et al. (1992) model of the infrared sky. The model is first compared with broadband K (2.2 microns) star counts. Its success at K gives credence to its physical approach which is extrapolated to the L band (3.5 microns). We have analyzed the histograms of the pixel by pixel intensities in the 2.2 and 3.5 micron maps from DIRBE after subtracting the zodiacal light. The shape of these histograms agrees quite well with the histogram shape predicted using the Wainscoat et al. model of the infrared sky, but the predicted histograms must be displaced by a constant intensity in order to match the data. This shift is the cosmic infrared background, which is 16.9+/-4.4 kJy/sr or 23.1+/-5.9 nW/m^2/sr at 2.2 microns, and 14.4+/-3.7 kJy/sr or 12.4+/-3.2 nW/m^2/sr at 3.5 microns.

E. L. Wright; E. D. Reese

1999-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

407

IDIQ BS Ex A (Rev. 3.2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 19 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) ......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ....... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................ 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) .................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011) ........................................................................................... 4 GC-6 ORDER OF PRECEDENCE (Jun 2009) ................................................................................... 5

408

Data:2fed359d-6410-4740-9ef0-3c1ff1ed3d2a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fed359d-6410-4740-9ef0-3c1ff1ed3d2a fed359d-6410-4740-9ef0-3c1ff1ed3d2a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Sauk City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/08/18 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-1 General Service Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0756 per kilowatt-hour.

409

Data:2e707b81-23d2-44e3-ab94-5895e3fb34d5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

07b81-23d2-44e3-ab94-5895e3fb34d5 07b81-23d2-44e3-ab94-5895e3fb34d5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Orrville, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: General service-medium(inside corporate limits) Sector: Commercial Description: For any non-residential use through a single meter at the Utility's standard voltages up to a nominal limit of 90 kva demand. The customer is responsible for furnishing, installing and maintaining his transformers, etc. At the discretion of the Utility, customer with less than 55 kva demand may be metered at the secondary voltage and customers with 55 kva demand and above may be metered at the primary voltage. Governed in more detail by the Standard Rules and Regulations of the City.

410

Data:2a5042a2-8ea3-4f3f-ac10-665120731fe0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

042a2-8ea3-4f3f-ac10-665120731fe0 042a2-8ea3-4f3f-ac10-665120731fe0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Painesville, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 1990/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large commercial schedule -outside corporate limits Sector: Commercial Description: For the purpose of paying the expenses of conducting and managing the Electric Division, Utilities Department of the City, the City Manager is hereby authorized and directed to charge the following rates for furnishing electric current for any commercial or industrial consumer having a demand equal to or in excess of 30 KW during the current month or any of the preceding eleven months, which rates are hereby adopted; for all utility bills issued on and after October 1, 1990

411

Behavior of MgO?Al2O3 Based Inclusions in High-Pressure Boiler ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Inclusions and Clean Steels. Presentation Title, Behavior of MgO?Al2O3 Based...

412

2D/3D Data Registration and Fusion - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk will introduce the concepts behind data fusion and current algorithms to register 2D/3D data sets obtained using various experimental imaging...

413

Table CE3-6.2u. Electric Air-Conditioning Energy Consumption and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table CE3-6.2u. Electric Air-Conditioning Energy Consumption and Expenditures by Square Feet and Usage Indicators, 2001 Usage Indicators RSE Column Factor:

414

Facile Synthesis of a-Fe2O3 Nanorods Derived from a-FeOOH ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Rechargeable Batteries and Supercapacitors II. Presentation Title, Facile Synthesis of a-Fe2O3 Nanorods Derived...

415

J-30: Preparation of AlNY2O3 Nano-composite Powder Using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, AlNY2O3 nano-composite powder was synthesized by carbothermal reduction method by using a combustion synthesized precursor. Firstly...

416

D10: Development of Thick Gd2O3 Films for Use in Neutron Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incorporation of Gd2O3 into solid state electronics could lead to the development of robust, compact, and highly sensitive radiation detectors. In this work...

417

Surface and substrate induced effects on thin films of the topological insulators Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on van der Waals density functional calculations, we have studied few-quintuple-layer (QL) films of Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3. The separation between the QLs near the surface is found to have a large increase after relaxation, whereas, the separation between the inner QLs is smaller and approaches the bulk value as the thickness grows, showing a two-dimensional to three-dimensional structural crossover. Accordingly, the surface Dirac cone of the Bi2Se3 film is evidently gapped for small thicknesses (two to four QLs), and the gap is reduced and, finally, is closed with the increasing thickness, agreeing well with the experiments. We further studied the substrate effect by investigating the Bi2Se3/graphene system. It is found that the underlying graphene induces a giant thickness-dependent Rashba splitting and Dirac point shift. Because Bi2Te3 films have smaller relative inter-QL expansion and stronger spin-orbit coupling, the topological features start to appear in the film as thin as two QLs in good accord with the experiments.

Liu, Wenliang [Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan, China; Peng, Xiangyang [Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan, China; Wei, Xiaolin [Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan, China; Yang, Hong [Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan, China; Stocks, George Malcolm [ORNL; Zhong, Jianxin [Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan, China

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

1TOUGH2 V3.2, verification and validation report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulatory Commission Report NUREG/CR-4645; also Report LBL-Regulatory Commission Report NUREG/CR-4645) ITOUGH2 is

Finsterle, Stefan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

FOS 4.3.6 Desktop FIPS Level 2 Security Policy.book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. HA STATUS POWER ALARM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 WAN1 WAN2 USB CONSOLE FortiGate 60C PWR STATUS HA SPEED ...

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

420

Characterization of a multi-axis ion chamber array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The aim of this work was to characterize a multi-axis ion chamber array (IC PROFILER; Sun Nuclear Corporation, Melbourne, FL USA) that has the potential to simplify the acquisition of LINAC beam data. Methods: The IC PROFILER (or panel) measurement response was characterized with respect to radiation beam properties, including dose, dose per pulse, pulse rate frequency (PRF), and energy. Panel properties were also studied, including detector-calibration stability, power-on time, backscatter dependence, and the panel's agreement with water tank measurements [profiles, fractional depth dose (FDD), and output factors]. Results: The panel's relative deviation was typically within ({+-}) 1% of an independent (or nominal) response for all properties that were tested. Notable results were (a) a detectable relative field shape change of {approx}1% with linear accelerator PRF changes; (b) a large range in backscatter thickness had a minimal effect on the measured dose distribution (typically less than 1%); (c) the error spread in profile comparison between the panel and scanning water tank (Blue Phantom, CC13; IBA Schwarzenbruck, DE) was approximately ({+-}) 0.75%. Conclusions: The ability of the panel to accurately reproduce water tank profiles, FDDs, and output factors is an indication of its abilities as a dosimetry system. The benefits of using the panel versus a scanning water tank are less setup time and less error susceptibility. The same measurements (including device setup and breakdown) for both systems took 180 min with the water tank versus 30 min with the panel. The time-savings increase as the measurement load is increased.

Simon, Thomas A.; Kozelka, Jakub; Simon, William E.; Kahler, Darren; Li, Jonathan; Liu, Chihray [Department of Nuclear and Radiological Engineering, University of Florida, 202 Nuclear Science Building, Gainesville, Florida 32611-8300 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Health Science Center, University of Florida, P.O. Box 100385, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0385 (United States) and Sun Nuclear Corporation, 425-A Pineda Court, Melbourne, Florida 32940 (United States); Sun Nuclear Corporation, 425-A Pineda Court, Melbourne, Florida 32940 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Health Science Center, University of Florida, P.O. Box 100385, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0385 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

A General Method for Fatigue Analysis of Vertical Axis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fatigue life of wind turbine blades that are exposed to the random loading environment of atmospheric winds is described with random data analysis procedures. The incident wind speed and the stresses caused by these winds are expressed in terms of probability density functions, while the fatigue life vs stress level relationship is treated deterministically. This approach uses a "damage density function" to express fatigue damage as a function of wind speed. By examining the constraints on the variables in the damage density expression, some generalizations of the wind turbine fatigue problem are obtained. The area under the damage density function is inversely related to total fatigue life. Therefore, an increase in fatigue life caused by restricted operation in certain wind regimes is readily visualized. An "on parameter", which is the percentage of total time at each wind speed that the turbine actually operates, is introduced for this purpose. An example calculation is presented using data acquired from the DOE 100-kW turbine program. *This work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories and was supported by the US Department of Energy under Contract Number DE-AC04-76DP00789. Acknowledgments The calculations required to produce the figures in this paper would not have been possible without the work of Jerry McNerney and Tim Leonard in developing the AUTOSYM computer simulation, The efforts of Nolan Clark and Ron Davis in collecting data for the DOE 100-kW turbine at the USDA station in Bushland, TX are greatly appreciated. of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blades

Paul S. Veers

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Quality Assurance Exchange August 2007, Volume 3 Issue 2 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2007, Volume 3 Issue 2 August 2007, Volume 3 Issue 2 Quality Assurance Exchange August 2007, Volume 3 Issue 2 Quality Assurance Exchange August 2007, Volume 3 Issue 2 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Corporate Safety Analysis EM INITIATES QA EVALUATION PLAN In response to Secretary Bodman's memorandum "Improving Quality Assurance" (April 2006), and in an effort to improve quality assurance issues within line item construction and operational projects, the Office of Environmental Management (EM) has developed a QA Initiative Evaluation Plan. Quality Assurance Exchange August 2007, Volume 3 Issue 2 More Documents & Publications QUALITY ASSURANCE EXCHANGE December 2005 Volume 1 Issue 3 DOE G 414.1-4, Safety Software Guide for Use with 10 CFR 830 Subpart A, Quality Assurance Requirements, and DOE O 414.1C, Quality Assurance

423

Use of 2,3,5-F[subscript 3]Y-beta 2 and 3-NH[subscript 2]Y-alpha 2 To Study Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in Escherichia coli Ribonucleotide Reductase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase is an ?2?2 complex that catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside 5?-diphosphates (NDPs) to deoxynucleotides (dNDPs). The active site for NDP reduction resides in ?2, and the essential ...

Seyedsayamdost, Mohammad R.

424

Data:1a3a88f2-2197-48ef-8bfb-b3a3a6cbdc38 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a88f2-2197-48ef-8bfb-b3a3a6cbdc38 a88f2-2197-48ef-8bfb-b3a3a6cbdc38 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Eastern Illinois Elec Coop Effective date: 2010/08/27 End date if known: Rate name: SINGLE-PHASE - ELECTRIC HEAT & WATER HEATING RATE SCHEDULE NO. 20 Sector: Commercial Description: Available upon application to any member/owner who has permanently installed facilities using electricity as the sole source of energy for space heating and domestic water heating, subject to established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. A premise may qualify for this rate if electric resistance heat is used solely in over 75 percent of the inhabitable area or if an electric heat pump is used in conjunction with a fossil fuel furnace and the installation has a balance point setting of 25 degrees or below. The heat pump must be sized for the heating load. Service under this schedule to installations requiring more than 75 kVA of transformer capacity is subject to approval by the Cooperative on a case-by-case basis. Approval of the Cooperative must be obtained prior to installation of any motor requiring starting current in excess of 260

425

Data:831a3fae-8ea2-4bf8-965f-3f3dd886bf1c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fae-8ea2-4bf8-965f-3f3dd886bf1c fae-8ea2-4bf8-965f-3f3dd886bf1c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Sullivan, Illinois (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/11/13 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Power - 200,000 KWH or Above Usage Per Month - Three Phase - 30-150 kva - Outside City Limit Sector: Description: The City of Sullivan will determine the Power Factor each month and if found to be less than ninety percent (90%), the monthly demand charge may be increased by an amount equal to Twenty Cents ($0.20) per KWH of Demand for each percent, or fraction thereof, for each percent less than ninety percent (90%).

426

DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption May 22, 2012 - 2:12pm Addthis Department of Energy Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption Smart Grid Data Access Awards Will Demonstrate How Consumers and Communities Can Benefit from Better Energy Information The Department of Energy announced phase I awards totaling nearly $3.2 million that will encourage utilities, local governments, and communities to create programs that empower consumers to better manage their electricity use through improved access to their own electricity consumption data. These projects will complement the Apps for Energy

427

DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption DOE Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption May 22, 2012 - 2:12pm Addthis Department of Energy Announces Nearly $3.2 Million to Help Consumers Better Manage Their Energy Consumption Smart Grid Data Access Awards Will Demonstrate How Consumers and Communities Can Benefit from Better Energy Information The Department of Energy announced phase I awards totaling nearly $3.2 million that will encourage utilities, local governments, and communities to create programs that empower consumers to better manage their electricity use through improved access to their own electricity consumption data. These projects will complement the Apps for Energy

428

Degradation of 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene by Pseudomonas chlororaphis RW71  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pseudomonas chlororaphis RW71 mineralized 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene, a highly recalcitrant pollutant hitherto not known to be degraded by pure cultures, as a sole source of carbon and energy, thereby releasing stoichiometric amounts of chloride. The transient excretion of tetrachlorocatechol in the early growth phase suggests an initial attack by a dioxygenase to form the corresponding dihydrodiol which rearomatizes to the catechol. The activity of chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase in crude cell extracts was found to be extraordinarily high towards 3-chlorocatechol (ratio of 2.6 compared to catechol) and other chlorocatechols, including tetrachlorocatechol, which was transformed at a low but significant rate. Further identification of tetrachloromuconic acid, 2,3,5-trichlorodienelactone, 2,3,5-trichloromaleyl acetic acid, and 2,4-dichloro-3-oxoadipic acid as their methyl esters, together with high specific enzyme activities for chlorinated substrates, implicated a functioning chlorocatechol pathway to be induced during growth.

Potrawfke, T.; Timmis, K.N.; Wittich, R.M. [National Research Centre for Biotechnology, Braunschweig (Germany). Div. of Microbiology

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Data:3cefa30a-fa2c-4291-9071-2d407ad22157 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cefa30a-fa2c-4291-9071-2d407ad22157 cefa30a-fa2c-4291-9071-2d407ad22157 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Douglas, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Seasonal Agricultural Service Sector: Commercial Description: Service is for agricultural production, processing or other use directly related to agriculture and no more than 20% of the total annual energy is consumed during the billing months of June-Sept. Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 2 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Minimum monthly bill: $500 + ($8.00 * Billing kW) + PCA + ECCR

430

Electrical conduction in CaF[sub 2] and CaF[sub 2]-Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] nanocomposite films on Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] substrates  

SciTech Connect

Thin films of pure CaF[sub 2] and nanocomposite mixtures of Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] with CaF[sub 2] were evaporated on Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] substrates. Interdigital electrodes on some of the substrates allowed [ital in] [ital situ] measurements of the electrical conduction in the films during and subsequent to film growth. Electrical conduction was studied as a function of film thickness, film deposition rate, composition, time, and temperature. The electrical conductivity in pure CaF[sub 2] adjacent to an Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] interface sometimes exceeded the bulk CaF[sub 2] conductivity (i.e., value at more than 50 nm distance) by as much as a factor of 6700 at 200 [degree]C. The high conductivity is characterized by an activation energy of 0.6[plus minus]0.1 eV, which is significantly lower than the activation energy of about 1.0 eV for conduction in the bulk. However, this high conductivity is thermally unstable and diminishes in time. A high but stable conductivity was obtained in CaF[sub 2] films containing about 10 mol % Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] as a dispersed second phase. At 200 [degree]C, a two-phase film gave a factor of 360 enhancement over the measured bulk CaF[sub 2] conductivity and a factor of 7 improvement over the best previously reported conductivity for CaF[sub 2]-Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] composite materials. The origin of enhanced conduction in CaF[sub 2] is attributed to ion transport along dislocations. Dislocations anneal with a characteristic log of time dependence that is recognizable in the annealing behavior of the electrical conductivity. Presumably, the addition of a dispersed second phase of Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] to CaF[sub 2] serves both to generate and to pin dislocations; the electrical conductance is thereby enhanced and stabilized.

Modine, F.A.; Lubben, D.; Bates, J.B. (Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States))

1993-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Data:7924a74a-1080-4ad0-a2e2-ca3cda2ac41e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-1080-4ad0-a2e2-ca3cda2ac41e a-1080-4ad0-a2e2-ca3cda2ac41e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc (Alabama) Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: Large Commercial and Industrial Service Sector: Commercial Description: * Available to consumers for all electric service of one character supplied at one point of delivery who have minimum average monthly demand of 750 kW and minimum average load fact or of 70percent. Source or reference: http://www.pioneerelectric.coop/documents/tariff-schedules.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability

432

Data:0cf167d3-28db-48c2-bef2-fc2ec179074b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

67d3-28db-48c2-bef2-fc2ec179074b 67d3-28db-48c2-bef2-fc2ec179074b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Auburn Board of Public Works Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Service Sector: Commercial Description: To all customers in the areas served by the Board of Public Works where the maximum demand recorded by the Board of Public Works metering exceeds 1,000 kW for three consecutive months. Source or reference: http://auburnbpw.com/wp-content/files/2012_Electric_Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

433

Data:B76e1426-2cb6-4d3f-88a2-7559accba4d2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

26-2cb6-4d3f-88a2-7559accba4d2 26-2cb6-4d3f-88a2-7559accba4d2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of Colorado Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: COMMERCIAL OUTDOOR AREA LIGHTING SERVICE - SCHEDULE CAL - 100w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable within all territory served for outdoor area lighting of customer's property where such service can be provided directly from existing secondary distribution lines of the Company. Not applicable for lighting of public streets or highways. This rate schedule is subject to all applicable Electric Rate Adjustments as on file and in effect in this tariff.

434

Accurate long-range coefficients for two excited like isotope He atoms: He(2 {sup 1}P)-He(2 {sup 1}P), He(2 {sup 1}P)-He(2 {sup 3}P), and He(2 {sup 3}P)-He(2 {sup 3}P)  

SciTech Connect

A general formalism is used to express the long-range potential energies in inverse powers of the separation distance between two like atomic or molecular systems with P symmetries. The long-range molecular interaction coefficients are calculated for the molecular symmetries {delta}, {pi}, and {sigma}, arising from the following interactions: He(2 {sup 1}P)-He(2 {sup 1}P), He(2 {sup 1}P)-He(2 {sup 3}P), and He(2 {sup 3}P)-He(2 {sup 3}P). The electric quadrupole-quadrupole term C{sub 5}, the van der Waals (dispersion) term C{sub 6}, and higher-order terms C{sub 8} and C{sub 10} are calculated ab initio using accurate variational wave functions in Hylleraas coordinates with finite nuclear mass effects. A comparison is made with previously published results where available.

Zhang, J.-Y. [Faculty of Technology, Charles Darwin University, Northern Territory 0909 (Australia); Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3 (Canada); Yan, Z.-C. [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3 (Canada); Shanghai United Center for Astrophysics, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234 (China); Vrinceanu, D. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Babb, J. F.; Sadeghpour, H. R. [ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Data:05507387-3cce-4b2d-8c43-c403890669f2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

387-3cce-4b2d-8c43-c403890669f2 387-3cce-4b2d-8c43-c403890669f2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule FO Farm Service - Irrigation Pumping Sector: Commercial Description: Applicability This schedule applies to: 1) pumping of subsurface water for drainage or irrigation which is not eligible to be served with electricity sold to the District by the City and County of San Francisco pursuant to Section 9(l) of the Federal Raker Act; or 2) pumping from natural waterways or District facilities. This schedule is applicable on an annual basis only. On Season: Connected Load Charge, per HP: $ 3.00 Energy Charge per kWh $ 0.1061 Off Season: Energy Charge, per kWh $ 0.2002

436

Photochemistry of Methyl Bromide on the ?-Cr2O3(0001) Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The photochemical properties of the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface were explored using methyl bromide (CH3Br) as a probe molecule. CH3Br adsorbed and desorbed molecularly from the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface without detectable thermal decomposition. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) revealed a CH3Br desorption state at 240 K for coverages up to 0.5 ML, followed by more weakly bound molecules desorbing at 175 K for coverages up to 1 ML. Multilayer exposures led to desorption at ~130 K. The CH3Br sticking coefficient was unity at 105 K for coverages up to monolayer saturation, but decreased as the multilayer formed. In contrast, pre-oxidation of the surface (using an oxygen plasma source) led to capping of surface Cr3+ sites and near complete removal of CH3Br TPD states above 150 K. The photochemistry of chemisorbed CH3Br was explored on the Cr-terminated surface using post-irradiation TPD and photon stimulated desorption (PSD). Irradiation of adsorbed CH3Br with broad band light from a Hg arc lamp resulted in both photodesorption and photodecomposition of the parent molecule at a combined cross section of ~10-22 cm2. Parent PSD was indicative of molecular photodesorption, but CH3 was also detected in PSD and Br atoms were left on the surface, both reflective of photo-induced CH3-Br bond dissociation. Use of a 385 nm cut-off filter effectively shut down the photodissociation pathway but not the parent molecule photodesorption process. From these observations it is inferred that d-to-d transitions in ?-Cr2O3, occurring at photon energies <3 eV, are not responsible for photodecomposition of 2 adsorbed CH3Br. It is unclear to what extent band-to-band versus direct CH3Br photolysis play in CH3-Br bond dissociation initiated by more energetic photons.

Henderson, Michael A.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

Soybean Oil-based Biodiesel Production Catalyzed with Na2O/Al2O3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid alkali catalyst was prepared with CH3COONa immobilized on alumina by impregnation method. Represented with SEM, IR and BET techniques, the catalysts indicated relatively uniform particle size distribution with perfect particle surface area, pore ... Keywords: biodiesel, impregnation method, representation, catalyst, transesterification

Yingming Chen; Xiaodong Chen; Junhua Peng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Data:D2e3b9f5-ebc3-4a77-998d-76b2cf7920bd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b9f5-ebc3-4a77-998d-76b2cf7920bd b9f5-ebc3-4a77-998d-76b2cf7920bd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Plymouth, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/12/22 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day 7am-7pm Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0774 per kilowatt-hour.

439

Data:5e2e681e-a40b-45e2-b122-3f2ab9124e4d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e681e-a40b-45e2-b122-3f2ab9124e4d e681e-a40b-45e2-b122-3f2ab9124e4d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prince George Electric Coop Effective date: 2001/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Curtailable Service Rider Sector: Description: Available upon request to consumers taking service under Schedule LPS-6 who have at least 50 kW of load which is interruptible. All provisions of Schedule LPS-6 are still applicable. For more information, see "Source". Source or reference: http://www.pgec.coop/pdfs/schedule_CS_3_Curtailable_Service_Rider.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability

440

Blade shape for a tropskien type of vertical-axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

The equations derived to define a troposkien (the shape a completely flexible cable assumes when it is spun at a constant angular velocity about a vertical axis to which its two ends are attached) are described. The implications of the solutions on the design of a vertical-axis wind turbine are discussed for cases where gravity is neglected.

Blackwell, B.F.; Reis, G.E.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

Response of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine to Time Varying Wind Conditions found within the Urban  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine to Time Varying Wind Conditions found within the Urban, 2010 PP 389­401 389 ABSTRACT Experimental testing of a vertical axis wind turbine within the urban of the turbine. Temporal variation of the wind with respect to the direction and velocity fluctuations

Tullis, Stephen

442

Study on Aerodynamic Design of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Generator System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the choosing principles of design parameters and multi-airfoils in horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) generator system aerodynamic design are introduced. On the basis of the comparison analysis of wind turbine aerodynamic design method ... Keywords: Schmitz, airfoil, partial load, horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT), blade tip speed ratio (BTSR)

Li Dong; Mingfu Liao; Yingfeng Li; Xiaoping Song; Ke Xu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Asserting the utility of CO2P3S using the Cowichan Problem Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallel programming environments provide a way for programmers to reap the benefits of parallelism, while reducing the effort required to create parallel applications. The CO"2P"3S parallel programming system is one such tool that uses a pattern-based ... Keywords: CO2P3S, Cowichan Problems, Design patterns, Fifteen Puzzle, Parallel programming, Programming environments, Search-Tree pattern

John Anvik; Jonathan Schaeffer; Duane Szafron; Kai Tan

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electrical properties of room temperature sputtered Y2O3and MOSFET characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We closely evaluated the properties of Y2O3 deposited by RF sputter system at room temperature for the application to a transparent thin film transistor. Although the leakage current density hardly depends on the deposition conditions, ... Keywords: IGZO, TTFT(transparent thin film transistor), Y2O3, electrical characterization, gate oxide, leakage current

Young-Je Cho; Ji-Hoon Shin; Jae-Kyu Lee; Young-Bae Kim; Duck-Kyun Choi

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Damascene TiN-Gd2O3-gate stacks: Gentle fabrication and electrical properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we present MOS capacitors and field effect transistors with a crystalline gadolinium oxide (Gd"2O"3) gate dielectric and metal gate electrode (titanium nitride) fabricated in a gentle damascene gate last process. Details of the gate last ... Keywords: Crystalline high-k dielectrics, Damascene metal gate technology, Gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3), Gentle process integration, MOSFET, Metal gate electrode

Ralf Endres; Tillmann Krauss; Frank Wessely; Udo Schwalke

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Charge trapping in ultrathin Gd2O3 high-k dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Charge trapping in ultrathin high-k Gd"2O"3 dielectric leading to appearance of hysteresis in C-V curves is studied by capacitance-voltage and current-voltage techniques. It was shown that the large leakage current at a negative gate voltage causes the ... Keywords: Charge trapping, Gd2O3, High-k dielectric, Rare earth oxide

A. N. Nazarov; Y. V. Gomeniuk; Y. Y. Gomeniuk; H. D. B. Gottlob; M. Schmidt; M. C. Lemme; M. Czernohorsky; H. J. Osten

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Native SrTiO3 (001) surface layer from resonant Ti L2,3 reflectance spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

We quantitatively model resonant Ti L2,3 reflectivity Rs,p(q, hn) from several SrTiO3 (001) single crystals having different initial surface preparations and stored in ambient conditions before and between measurements. All samples exhibit unexpected 300 K Rs(hn) - Rp(hn) anisotropy corresponding to weak linear dichroism and tetragonal distortion of the TiO6 octahedra indicating a surface layer with properties different from cubic SrTiO3. Oscillations in Rs(q) confirm a ubiquitous surface layer 2-3 nm thick that evolves over a range of time scales. Resonant optical constant spectra derived from Rs,p(hn) assuming a uniform sample are refined using a single surface layer to fit measured Rs(q). Differences in surface layer and bulk optical properties indicate that the surface is significantly depleted in Sr and enriched in Ti and O. While consistent with the tendency of SrTiO3 surfaces toward non-stoichiometry, this layer does not conform simply to existing models for the near surface region and apparently forms via room temperature surface reactions with the ambient. This new quantitative spectral modeling approach is generally applicable and has potential to study near-surface properties of a variety of systems with unique chemical and electronic sensitivities.

Valvidares, Manuel; Huijben, Mark; Yu, Pu; Ramesh, Ramamoorthy; Kortright, Jeffrey

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

448

Data:3e9819c9-390a-4476-9ce2-1cf2c2abed59 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

819c9-390a-4476-9ce2-1cf2c2abed59 819c9-390a-4476-9ce2-1cf2c2abed59 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Hickman, Kentucky (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: General Power - Commercial / Industrial, Class 40 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: ISU documents Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

449

DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States. The Renewable Energy Zones Initiative will promote regional transmission planning and encourage the development of renewable sources of energy. DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 More Documents & Publications Senior DOE Official to Deliver Remarks at Western Governors' Association Renewable Energy Zones Initiative Launch Western Renewable Energy Zones-Phase 1 Report Statement of Patricia Hoffman Acting Assistant Secretary for Electricity

450

Mesoporous carbon -Cr2O3 composite as an anode material for lithium ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

Mesoporous carbon-Cr2O3 (M-C-Cr2O3) composite was prepared by co-assembly of in-situ formed phenolic resin, chromium precursor, and Pluronic block copolymer under acidic conditions, followed by carbonization at 750oC under Argon. The TEM results confirmed that the Cr2O3 nanoparticles, ranging from 10 to 20 nm, were well dispersed in the matrix of mesoporous carbon. The composite exhibited an initial reversible capacity of 710 mAh g-1 and good cycling stability, which is mainly due to the synergic effects of carbons within the composites, i.e. confining the crystal growth of Cr2O3 during the high temperature treatment step and buffering the volume change of Cr2O3 during the cycling step. This composite material is a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries.

Guo, Bingkun [ORNL; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Sun, Xiao-Guang [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

CTAX: the US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectromete at HFIR | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CTAX-US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer CTAX-US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer CTAX US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer (CG-4C). (larger image) The U.S.-Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer (CTAX) is a conventional triple-axis spectrometer with variable incident energy and variable monochromator-sample and sample-analyzer distances. The cold guide 4 bender and guide hall shielding reduce background levels at CG-4C, and the 15-cm-tall guide profile is well exploited by CG-4C's vertically focusing monochromator (PG 002). To enhance accommodation of strong magnetic fields at the sample position and to simplify future polarization analysis, the amount of ferromagnetic material has been minimized in the construction of this instrument. CG-4C is a collaboration of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Neutron

452

Method of producing hydrogen. [KNO/sub 3/ and I/sub 2/  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Water is thermochemically decomposed to produce hydrogen by the following sequence of reactions. KNO/sub 3/ and I/sub 2/ are reacted to produce KI, NO and O/sub 2/, the NO and O/sub 2/ thus produced are reacted with water to form HNO/sub 3/, a hydrogen-containing iodide--NH/sub 4/I or HI--is formed from the HNO/sub 3/, and this iodide is thermally decomposed to produce hydrogen, all products of the reactions being recycled except hydrogen and oxygen. 2 claims, no drawings.

Abraham, B.M.; Schreiner, F.

1975-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Al2O3 incorporation in MgSiO3 perovskite and ilmenite Wendy R. Panero a,, Sofia Akber-Knutson b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Al2O3 incorporation in MgSiO3 perovskite and ilmenite Wendy R. Panero a,, Sofia Akber-Knutson b in the MgSiO3­Al2O3 system predict that MgSiO3­perovskite dissolves about 15 mol% Al2O3 at the top of the lower mantle, limited by coexistence with Al-rich ilmenite (corundum). The solubility increases

Stixrude, Lars

454

RELAP5-3D Developmental Assessment: Comparison of Versions 4.0.3is and 2.4.2is  

SciTech Connect

Figures have been generated comparing the parameters used in the developmental assessment of the RELAP5-3D code using versions 4.0.3is and 2.4.2is. The figures, which are the same as those used in Volume III of the RELAP5-3D code manual, compare calculations using the semi-implicit solution scheme with available experiment data. These figures provide a quick, visual indication of how the code predictions changed between these two code versions and can be used to identify cases in which the assessment judgment may need to be changed in Volume III of the code manual. Changes to the assessment judgments made after reviewing all of the assessment cases are also provided.

Paul D. Bayless

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Data:1bf23e3a-f6ef-4cf3-9b8d-3f2a24f23c2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Data Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Data:1bf23e3a-f6ef-4cf3-9b8d-3f2a24f23c2d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: New York State Elec & Gas Corp Effective date: 2013/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: SERVICE CLASSIFICATION NO. 3 - 25kW or more ESS (Retail) Subtransmission Voltage Sector: Industrial Description: APPLICABLE TO THE USE OF SERVICE FOR: Primary Service for any customer with a demand of 25 kilowatts or more but less than 500 kilowatts. Flat rate Adjustments = Transition Charge。 Reactive Charge: $0.00078/kWh.

456

Three-Dimensional Descriptions Based on the Analysis of the Invariant and Quasi-Invariant Properties of Some Curved-Axis Generalized Cylinders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractWe address the recovery of object-level 3-D descriptions of some classes of curved-axis generalized cylinders. For this, the first part of the paper analyzes the projective properties of two common generic shapes, planar right constant generalized ... Keywords: Shape description, generalized cylinders, invariants, quasi-invariants, segmentation, grouping.

Mourad Zerroug; Ramakant Nevatia

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electron-Impact Dissociation of CD3+ and CH3+ Ions Producing CD2+, CH+ and C+ Fragment Ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a crossed electron-ion beams method, we measured absolute cross sections for electron-impact dissociation of the CD3+ molecular ions producing CD2+ fragment ions and CH3+ ions yielding CH+ and C+ fragment ions over a collision energy range from a few eV up to 100 eV. The total experimental uncertainties are about 12% at the maximum of the curves of cross sections (peak of the cross section, for the CH+ channel). The obtained results suggest important roles played by pre-dissociation of bound states in the production of both the CH+ and C+ fragment ions. Good agreement is found with other results reported for the CH+ fragment, but some differences are found for the CD2+ and C+.

Bahati Musafiri, Eric [ORNL; Fogle, Jr., Michael R [ORNL; Vane, C Randy [ORNL; Bannister, Mark E [ORNL; Thomas, R. D. [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Zhaunerchyk, Vitali [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

[(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH-8): An Organically Templated Open-Framework Uranium Silicate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Framework Uranium Silicate Xiqu Wang, Jin Huang, and Allan J. Jacobson* Department of Chemistry, Uni pyramids we obtained also a number of open-framework uranium silicates.18,19 These new compounds were-framework uranium fluorosilicate [(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH- 8) that has been synthesized

Wang, Xiqu

459

3Q11 Web Rev 2, 2-27-12.docm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quarter, Calendar Year 2011 Quarter, Calendar Year 2011 SRR-ESH-2011-00129 Revision 2 February 28, 2012 Page 1 of 6 Consent Order of Dismissal, Section III.7 Z-Area Saltstone Disposal Facility Permit General Condition B.5.a-h Information Permit Condition Requirement Estimated Value Updated Value Comments B.5 a) Cumulative process volume of salt waste disposed to date Not Applicable 5,467 kgals Vault 4 b) Process volume of

460

Data:0aa21c2b-3df8-4dea-9897-1fd2ad2a84a4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b-3df8-4dea-9897-1fd2ad2a84a4 b-3df8-4dea-9897-1fd2ad2a84a4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bristol Virginia Utilities Effective date: 2013/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting - Mercury Vapor Flood 1000 Watt - Winter Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: www.bvu-optinet.com/data_elements/Electric_Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axis 3 2" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Synthesis, structure and characterisation of Fe{sub 0.50}Ti{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}: A new material with Nasicon-like structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new iron titanyl phosphate Fe{sub 0.50}Ti{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} was synthesized by both solid-state reaction and Cu{sup 2+}-Fe{sup 2+} ion exchange method. The material was then characterized by X-ray diffraction, Mossbauer, magnetic susceptibility measurements and optical absorption. The crystal