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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Axial Current Generation from Electric Field: Chiral Electric Separation Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a relativistic plasma containing charged chiral fermions in an external electric field. We show that with the presence of both vector and axial charge densities, the electric field can induce an axial current along its direction and thus cause chirality separation. We call it the Chiral Electric Separation Effect (CESE). On very general basis, we argue that the strength of CESE is proportional to $\\mu_V\\mu_A$ with $\\mu_V$ and $\\mu_A$ the chemical potentials for vector charge and axial charge. We then explicitly calculate this CESE conductivity coefficient in thermal QED at leading-log order. The CESE can manifest a new gapless wave mode propagating along the electric field. Potential observable of CESE in heavy-ion collisions is also discussed.

Xu-Guang Huang; Jinfeng Liao

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

2

A conducting ball in an axial electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the distribution of a charge, the electric moments of arbitrary order and the force acting on a conducting ball on the axis of the axial electric field. We determine the full charge and the dipole moments of the first order for a conducting ball in an arbitrary inhomogeneous harmonic electric field. All statements are formulated in the form of theorems with proofs basing on properties of the matrix of moments of the Legendre polynomials. The analysis and proof of these properties are presented in Appendix.

Alexander Savchenko

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

3

A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electric Axial motor ­ Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electricCAVT A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty Research Center OBJECTIVE motor topologies with high torque and power densities MOTIVATION ­ Axial-gap ("pancake") motors have

Carver, Jeffrey C.

4

Suppressant: Electric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Suppressant:Electric Fields. Fire Extinguishment of Pool Flames by Means of a DC electric Field.. ...

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

5

Stabilization of the hot-electron precessional mode in a symmetric tandem mirror by the axial variation of radial electric field  

SciTech Connect

The stability of the hot-electron precessional mode is investigated in the presence of a relative Earrow x Barrow precession between the end cell and the center cell, which is inherent to the tandem-mirror concept. It is found that a positive radial electric field in the end cell is favorable to stability. Under normal conditions, the stability of a hot-electron symmetric tandem mirror is not worse than a quadrupole tandem mirror with the same relative Earrow x Barrow precession.

Tsang, K.T.; Lee, X.S.

1984-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

Stability of magnetic configurations containing the toroidal and axial fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stability properties of magnetic-field configurations containing the toroidal and axial field are considered. The stability is treated by making use of linear analysis. It is shown that the conditions required for the onset of instability are essentially different from those given by the necessary condition $d (s B_{\\phi})/ds > 0$, where $s$ is the cylindrical radius. The growth rate of instability is calculated for a wide range of the parameters. We argue that the instability can operate in two different regimes depending on the strength of the axial field and the profile of the toroidal field.

Bonanno, Alfio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Electrons Confined with an Axially Symmetric Magnetic Mirror Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low energy non-neutral electron plasmas were confined with an axially symmetric magnetic mirror field and an electrostatic potential to investigate the basic confinement properties of a simple magnetic mirror trap. As expected the confinement time became longer as a function of the mirror ratio. The axial electrostatic oscillations of a confined electron plasma were also observed. Obtained results suggested an improved scheme to accumulate low energy charged particles with the use of a magnetic mirror field, which would enable the investigation of electron-positron plasmas.

Higaki, H.; Ito, K.; Kira, K.; Okamoto, H. [Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan)

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

8

Design and market considerations for axial flux superconducting electric machine design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors investigate a number of design and market considerations for an axial flux superconducting electric machine design that uses high temperature superconductors. This work was carried out as part of the University of Cambridge's Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning ETECH Project programme, designed to accelerate entrepreneurship and diffusion of innovations based on early stage and potentially disruptive technologies from the University. The axial flux machine design is assumed to utilise high temperature superconductors in both wire (stator winding) and bulk (rotor field) forms, to operate over a temperature range of 65-77 K, and to have a power output in the range from 10s of kW up to 1 MW (typical for axial flux machines), with approximately 2-3 T as the peak trapped field in the bulk superconductors. The authors firstly investigate the applicability of this type of machine as a generator in small- and medium-sized wind turbines, including the current and forecasted market and pricin...

Ainslie, Mark D; Shaw, Robert; Dawson, Lewis; Winfield, Andy; Steketee, Marina; Stockley, Simon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Low inductance axial flux BLDC motor drive for more electric aircraft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the aircraft technology is moving towards more electric architecture, use of electric motors in aircraft is increasing.12 Axial-flux BLDC motors are becoming popular in aero application because of their ability to meet the demand of light weight, ...

Sukumar De; Milan Rajne; Srikant Poosapati; Chintan Patel; K. Gopakumar

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Electric Field Reversal in Sprite Electric Field Signature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In measurements of the electric field associated with the current of a sprite 450 km from ground-based field sensors, it was observed that the sign of the electric field was positive when positive charge was lowered from the ionosphere. A recent ...

Richard G. Sonnenfeld; William W. Hager

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Electric Fields in a Tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A self-consistent analysis of the electric fields in a tokamak yields the result that the poloidal and radial electrostatic fields must vanish for a toroidally symmetric equilibrium.

Johnson, Robert W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Laser cooling in the Penning trap: an analytical model for cooling rates in the presence of an axializing field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ions stored in Penning traps may have useful applications in the field of quantum information processing. There are, however, difficulties associated with the laser cooling of one of the radial motions of ions in these traps, namely the magnetron motion. The application of a small radio-frequency quadrupolar electric potential resonant with the sum of the two radial motional frequencies has been shown to couple these motions and to lead to more efficient laser cooling. We present an analytical model that enables us to determine laser cooling rates in the presence of such an 'axializing' field. It is found that this field leads to an averaging of the laser cooling rates for the two motions and hence improves the overall laser cooling efficiency. The model also predicts shifts in the motional frequencies due to the axializing field that are in qualitative agreement with those measured in recent experiments. It is possible to determine laser cooling rates experimentally by studying the phase response of the cooled ions to a near resonant excitation field. Using the model developed in this paper, we study the expected phase response when an axializing field is present.

R. J. Hendricks; E. S. Phillips; D. M. Segal; R. C. Thompson

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

13

Evaluation of Electric Field Exposure Assessment Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This evaluation of electric field exposure assessment methods highlights a renewed interest in characterizing electric field exposures and their attendant perceptible nuisance shocks.

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

14

Original articles: Vortex states in axially symmetric superconductors in applied magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We solve analytically the linearized Ginzburg-Landau (GL) equation in the presence of an uniform magnetic field with cylindrical boundary conditions. The solution of the non-linear GL equation is provided as an expansion in the basis of linearized solutions. ... Keywords: Axial magnetic field, Mesoscopic superconductivity, Nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equation, Vortex

Andrei Ludu; Milorad V. Miloevi?; Francois M. Peeters

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Linear electric field mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry. The apparatus is compact and of low weight and has a low power requirement, making it suitable for use on a space satellite and as a portable detector for the presence of substances. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically symmetric linear electric field.

McComas, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Nordholt, Jane E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Linear electric field mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry are described. The apparatus is compact and of low weight and has a low power requirement, making it suitable for use on a space satellite and as a portable detector for the presence of substances. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically symmetric linear electric field. 8 figs.

McComas, D.J.; Nordholt, J.E.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Linear electric field mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mass spectrometer is described having a low weight and low power requirement, for use in space. It can be used to analyze the ionized particles in the region of the spacecraft on which it is mounted. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically sysmetric linear electric field.

McComas, D.J.; Nordholt, J.E.

1991-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

18

Apparatuses and methods for generating electric fields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatuses and methods relating to generating an electric field are disclosed. An electric field generator may include a semiconductive material configured in a physical shape substantially different from a shape of an electric field to be generated thereby. The electric field is generated when a voltage drop exists across the semiconductive material. A method for generating an electric field may include applying a voltage to a shaped semiconductive material to generate a complex, substantially nonlinear electric field. The shape of the complex, substantially nonlinear electric field may be configured for directing charged particles to a desired location. Other apparatuses and methods are disclosed.

Scott, Jill R; McJunkin, Timothy R; Tremblay, Paul L

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

19

Influence of induced axial magnetic field on plasma dynamics and radiative characteristics of Z pinches  

SciTech Connect

The influence of an induced axial magnetic field on plasma dynamics and radiative characteristics of Z pinches is investigated. An axial magnetic field was induced in a novel Z-pinch load: a double planar wire array with skewed wires (DPWAsk), which represents a planar wire array in an open magnetic configuration. The induced axial magnetic field suppressed magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor (MRT) instabilities (with m = 0 and m = 1 instability modes) in the Z-pinch plasma. The influence of the initial axial magnetic field on the structure of the plasma column at stagnation was manifested through the formation of a more uniform plasma column compared to a standard double planar wire array (DPWA) load [V. L. Kantsyrev et al., Phys. Plasmas 15, 030704 (2008)]. The DPWAsk load is characterized by suppression of MRT instabilities and by the formation of the sub-keV radiation pulse that occurs before the main x-ray peak. Gradients in plasma parameters along the cathode-anode gap were observed and analyzed for DPWAsk loads made from low atomic number Z (Al) and mid-Z (brass) wires.

Kantsyrev, V. L.; Esaulov, A. A.; Safronova, A. S.; Osborne, G. C.; Shrestha, I.; Weller, M. E.; Stafford, A.; Shlyaptseva, V. V. [Physics Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Velikovich, A. L. [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States); Rudakov, L. I. [Icarus Research Inc., Bethesda, Maryland 20824 (United States); Williamson, K. M. [Physics Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Plasma Engineering Research Laboratory, Texas A and M University, Corpus Christi, TX 78412 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fe XII STALKS AND THE ORIGIN OF THE AXIAL FIELD IN FILAMENT CHANNELS  

SciTech Connect

Employing Fe XII images and line-of-sight magnetograms, we deduce the direction of the axial field in high-latitude filament channels from the orientation of the adjacent stalklike structures. Throughout the rising phase of the current solar cycle 24, filament channels poleward of latitude 30 Degree-Sign overwhelmingly obeyed the hemispheric chirality rule, being dextral (sinistral) in the northern (southern) hemisphere, corresponding to negative (positive) helicity. During the deep minimum of 2007-2009, the orientation of the Fe XII stalks was often difficult to determine, but no obvious violations of the rule were found. Although the hemispheric trend was still present during the maximum and early declining phase of cycle 23 (2000-2003), several high-latitude exceptions were identified at that time. From the observation that dextral (sinistral) filament channels form through the decay of active regions whose Fe XII features show a counterclockwise (clockwise) whorl, we conclude that the axial field direction is determined by the intrinsic helicity of the active regions. In contrast, generation of the axial field component by the photospheric differential rotation is difficult to reconcile with the observed chirality of polar crown and circular filament channels, and with the presence of filament channels along the equator. The main role of differential rotation in filament channel formation is to expedite the cancellation of flux and thus the removal of the transverse field component. We propose further that, rather than being ejected into the heliosphere, the axial field is eventually resubmerged by flux cancellation as the adjacent unipolar regions become increasingly mixed.

Wang, Y.-M.; Sheeley, N. R. Jr. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Stenborg, G., E-mail: yi.wang@nrl.navy.mil, E-mail: neil.sheeley@nrl.navy.mil, E-mail: guillermo.stenborg.ctr.ar@nrl.navy.mil [George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Charged Hadron Properties in Background Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a lattice calculation demonstrating a novel new method to extract the electric polarizability of charged pseudo-scalar mesons by analyzing two point correlation functions computed in classical background electric fields.

William Detmold; Brian C. Tiburzi; Andre Walker-Loud

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

22

Charged Hadron Properties in Background Electric Fields  

SciTech Connect

We report on a lattice calculation demonstrating a novel new method to extract the electric polarizability of charged pseudo-scalar mesons by analyzing two point correlation functions computed in classical background electric fields.

William Detmold, Brian C. Tiburzi, Andre Walker-Loud

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Field Operation Program - Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Fleet...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Fleet Use J. Francfort M. Carroll July 2001 United States Department of Energy INEELEXT-01-00864 Field Operations Program...

24

FE Magnetic Field Analysis Simulation Models based Design, Development, Control and Testing of An Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Linear Oscillating Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- Development, finite element(FE) analysis of magnetic field distribution, performance, control and testing of a new axial flux permanent magnet linear oscillating motor (PMLOM) along with a suitable speed and thrust control technique is described in this paper. The PMLOM can perform precision oscillation task without exceeding the given limit on allowable average power dissipation. The use of new powerful permanent magnet materials such as Neodymium-Iron-Boron alloys can greatly improve the performance of electrical machines. Also its performance parameters, such as the force, current etc. are experimentally assessed. The objective of this paper is to determine the forces for aluminium mover embedded with rare earth permanent magnet experimentally and analytically through FEMM software and develop a microcontroller based IGBT Inverter for its control. Index Terms- Axial flux machine, finite element analysis, microcontroller based IGBT inverter, permanent magnet linear oscillating motor, rare earth permanent magnet. I.

Govindaraj T; Prof Dr; Ashoke K. Ganguli

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Exact analysis of particle dynamics in combined field of finite duration laser pulse and static axial magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamics of a charged particle is studied in the field of a relativistically intense linearly polarized finite duration laser pulse in the presence of a static axial magnetic field. For a finite duration laser pulse whose temporal shape is defined by Gaussian profile, exact analytical expressions are derived for the particle trajectory, momentum, and energy as function of laser phase. From the solutions, it is shown that, unlike for the monochromatic plane wave case, resonant phase locking time between the particle and laser pulse is finite. The net energy transferred to the particle does not increase monotonically but tends to saturate. It is further shown that appropriate tuning of cyclotron frequency of the particle with the characteristic frequency in the pulse spectrum can lead to the generation of accelerated particles with variable energies in MeV-TeV range.

Sagar, Vikram; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, Predhiman [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Simulations of Electric Fields within a Thunderstorm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations based on a three-dimensional model for the electric fields in a thunderstorm are presented. In some of the simulations, we solve problems with known analytical solutions in order to determine the relevant physical properties ...

William W. Hager; John S. Nisbet; John R. Kasha; Wei-Chang Shann

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Pair Production in Rotating Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore Schwinger pair production in rotating time-dependent electric fields using the real-time DHW formalism. We determine the time evolution of the Wigner function as well as asymptotic particle distributions neglecting back-reactions on the electric field. Whereas qualitative features can be understood in terms of effective Keldysh parameters, the field rotation leaves characteristic imprints in the momentum distribution that can be interpreted in terms of interference and multiphoton effects. These phenomena may seed characteristic features of QED cascades created in the antinodes of a high-intensity standing wave laser field.

Blinne, Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Pair Production in Rotating Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore Schwinger pair production in rotating time-dependent electric fields using the real-time DHW formalism. We determine the time evolution of the Wigner function as well as asymptotic particle distributions neglecting back-reactions on the electric field. Whereas qualitative features can be understood in terms of effective Keldysh parameters, the field rotation leaves characteristic imprints in the momentum distribution that can be interpreted in terms of interference and multiphoton effects. These phenomena may seed characteristic features of QED cascades created in the antinodes of a high-intensity standing wave laser field.

Alexander Blinne; Holger Gies

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

29

Correction of Motional Electric Field Measurements for Galvanic Distortion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interactions between motional electric fields and lateral gradients in electrical conductivity (e.g., seafloor topography) produce boundary electric charges and galvanic (i.e., noninductive) secondary electric fields that result in frequency-...

Alan D. Chave; Douglas S. Luther; Christopher S. Meinen

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Electric Field Control of Ferromagnetism and Magnetic Devices Using Multiferroics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Electric field control of ferromagnetism: In-plane5 Electric field control of ferromagnetism: out-of-plane6.3.3 Electric field control of spin valve resistance

Heron, John Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Electric field directed self assembly of nanoparticle structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Heller, M.J. (2007) Electric-field-directed assembly ofOF THE DISSERTATION Electric Field Directed Self Assembly ofof colloidal particles by electric fields. Soft Matter, 2,

Dehlinger, Dietrich Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Antiprotonic hydrogen in static electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of the static electric field on the splitting and annihilation widths of the levels of antiprotonic hydrogen with a large principal quantum number (n=30) are studied. Non-trivial aspects of the consideration is related with instability of (p\\bar{p})^*-atom in ns and np-states due to coupling of these states with the annihilation channels. Properties of the mixed nl-levels are investigated depending on the value of external static electric field. Specific resonance-like dependence of effective annihilation widths on the strength of the field is revealed.

G. Ya. Korenman; S. N. Yudin

2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

33

Electric field controlled emulsion phase contactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for contacting liquid phases comprising a column for transporting a liquid phase contacting system, the column having upper and lower regions. The upper region has a nozzle for introducing a dispersed phase and means for applying thereto a vertically oriented high intensity pulsed electric field. This electric field allows improved flow rates while shattering the dispersed phase into many micro-droplets upon exiting the nozzle to form a dispersion within a continuous phase. The lower region employs means for applying to the dispersed phase a horizontally oriented high intensity pulsed electric field so that the dispersed phase undergoes continuous coalescence and redispersion while being urged from side to side as it progresses through the system, increasing greatly the mass transfer opportunity.

Scott, Timothy C. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Investigation of electric fields of EHV substations  

SciTech Connect

60-Hz and 24-kHz capacitive and monopole probes and testing techniques were developed for full-scale and model ground level electric field strength measurements for EHV substations. A model of an existing 345-kV substation was designed and built. The model was energized using a three phase 24-kHz regulated source. Comparison of corresponding test points shows that the agreement between substation and model measurements is good. Large amounts of model test data can be taken in a short time. Energized scale models can be used in a substation design tool so that the electric field may be mapped and, if necessary, modified. A successful and useful predictive tool has been developed that can handle the three-dimensional complex substation electric fields. Further development will result in a widely available and flexible analog design tool.

Sebo, S.A.; Caldecott, R.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electric field controlled emulsion phase contactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for contacting liquid phases comprising a column for transporting a liquid phase contacting system, the column having upper and lower regions. The upper region has a nozzle for introducing a dispersed phase and means for applying thereto a vertically oriented high intensity pulsed electric field. This electric field allows improved flow rates while shattering the dispersed phase into many micro-droplets upon exiting the nozzle to form a dispersion within a continuous phase. The lower region employs means for applying to the dispersed phase a horizontally oriented high intensity pulsed electric field so that the dispersed phase undergoes continuous coalescence and redispersion while being urged from side to side as it progresses through the system, increasing greatly the mass transfer opportunity. 5 figs.

Scott, T.C.

1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

36

Axial interaction free-electron laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electron orbits from a helical axial wiggler in an axial guide field are absolutely unstable as power is extracted from the particles. For off-axis beams an axial FEL mechanism exists when the axial electric field in a TM mode is wiggled to interact with the axial velocity of the electrons that form the beam. The interaction strength is comparable to that for helical FELs and is insensitive to beam orbit errors. The orbits for this mechanism are extremely stable in the absence of space charge and lead to high extraction efficiencies without particle phasing incoherence or interception. This interaction mechanism is suitable for use with intense annular electron beams for high power generation at microwave frequencies.

Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Acceleration of electrons by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an intense axial magnetic field in vacuum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acceleration of electrons by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of a short duration intense axial magnetic field has been studied. Resonance occurs between the electrons and the laser field for an optimum magnetic field leading to effective energy transfer from laser to electrons. The value of optimum magnetic field is independent of the laser intensity and decreases with initial electron energy. The electrons rotate around the axis of the laser pulse with small angle of emittance and small energy spread. Acceleration gradient increases with laser intensity and decreases with initial electron energy.

Singh, K. P. [Computational Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Kettering University, Flint, Michigan 48504 (United States)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Magnetic Braiding and Parallel Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The braiding of the solar coronal magnetic field via photospheric motions - with subsequent relaxation and magnetic reconnection -- is one of the most widely debated ideas of solar physics. We readdress the theory in the light of developments in three-dimensional magnetic reconnection theory. It is known that the integrated parallel electric field along field lines is the key quantity determining the rate of reconnection, in contrast with the two-dimensional case where the electric field itself is the important quantity. We demonstrate that this difference becomes crucial for sufficiently complex magnetic field structures. A numerical method is used to relax a braided magnetic field to an ideal force-free equilibrium; that equilibrium is found to be smooth, with only large- scale current structures. However, the equilibrium is shown to have a highly filamentary integrated parallel current structure with extremely short length- scales. An analytical model is developed to show that, in a coronal situation, the length scales associated with the integrated parallel current structures will rapidly decrease with increasing complexity, or degree of braiding, of the magnetic field. Analysis shows the decrease in these length scales will, for any finite resistivity, eventually become inconsistent with the stability of a force- free field. Thus the inevitable consequence of the magnetic braiding process is shown to be a loss of equilibrium of the coronal field, probably via magnetic reconnection events.

A. L. Wilmot-Smith; G. Hornig; D. I. Pontin

2008-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

39

Magnetic Fields from Electrical Appliances and Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major emphasis of research addressing potential health effects associated with power-frequency magnetic fields has been on assessing exposure to magnetic fields attributable to loads and their associated ground currents flowing on electrical transmission and distribution systems. Though these exposures can vary widely both over time and among residences, they are nonetheless present virtually all of the time. These exposures have remained a focus of attention for the scientific community largely becaus...

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

40

Motional Spin Relaxation in Large Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the precession of spin-polarized Ultra Cold Neutrons (UCN) and $^{3}$He atoms in uniform and static magnetic and electric fields and calculate the spin relaxation effects from motional $v\\times E$ magnetic fields. Particle motion in an electric field creates a motional $v\\times E$ magnetic field, which when combined with collisions, produces variations of the total magnetic field and results in spin relaxation of neutron and $^{3}$He samples. The spin relaxation times $T_{1}$ (longitudinal) and $T_{2}$ (transverse) of spin-polarized UCN and $^{3}$He atoms are important considerations in a new search for the neutron Electric Dipole Moment at the SNS \\emph{nEDM} experiment. We use a Monte Carlo approach to simulate the relaxation of spins due to the motional $v\\times E$ field for UCN and for $^{3}$He atoms at temperatures below $600,\\mathrm{mK}$. We find the relaxation times for the neutron due to the $v\\times E$ effect to be long compared to the neutron lifetime, while the $^{3}$He relaxation times may be important for the \\emph{nEDM} experiment.

Riccardo Schmid; B. Plaster; B. W. Filippone

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Signatures of confinement in axial gauge QCD  

SciTech Connect

A comparative dynamical study of axial gauge QED and QCD is presented. Elementary excitations associated with particular field configurations are investigated. Gluonic excitations analogous to linearly polarized photons are shown to acquire infinite energy. Suppression of this class of excitations in QCD results from quantization of the chromo-electric flux and is interpreted as a dual Meissner effect, i.e., as expulsion from the QCD vacuum of chromo-electric fields which are constant over significant distances. This interpretation is supported by a comparative evaluation of the interaction energy of static charges in the axial gauge representation of QED and QCD. {copyright} 1995 Academic Press, Inc.

Lenz, F. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)]|[Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Moniz, E.J. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)]|[Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Thies, M. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Electric cartridge-type heater for producing a given non-uniform axial power distribution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric cartridge heater is provided to simulate a reactor fuel element for use in safety and thermal-hydraulic tests of model nuclear reactor systems. The electric heat-generating element of the cartridge heater consists of a specifically shaped strip of metal cut with variable width from a flat sheet of the element material. When spirally wrapped around a mandrel, the strip produces a coiled element of the desired length and diameter. The coiled element is particularly characterized by an electrical resistance that varies along its length due to variations in strip width. Thus, the cartridge heater is constructed such that it will produce a more realistic simulation of the actual nonuniform (approximately ''chopped'' cosine) power distribution of a reactor fuel element.

Clark, D.L.; Kress, T.S.

1975-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

43

Method of electric field flow fractionation wherein the polarity of the electric field is periodically reversed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel method of electric field flow fractionation for separating solute molecules from a carrier solution is disclosed. The method of the invention utilizes an electric field that is periodically reversed in polarity, in a time-dependent, wave-like manner. The parameters of the waveform, including amplitude, frequency and wave shape may be varied to optimize separation of solute species. The waveform may further include discontinuities to enhance separation.

Stevens, Fred J. (Naperville, IL)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

It's Electrifying: JILA Scientists Use Electric Fields to Control ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The JILA scientists used an external electric field to "tune" the molecules' electrical properties, increasing the chemical reaction rate very rapidly ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

45

Generalised compact spheres in electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present exact solutions to the Einstein-Maxwell system of equations in spherically symmetric gravitational fields with a specified form of the electric field intensity. The condition of pressure isotropy yields a difference equation with variable, rational coefficients. In an earlier treatment this condition was integrated by first transforming it to a hypergeometric equation. We demonstrate that it is possible to obtain a more general class of solutions to the Einstein-Maxwell system both in the form of special functions and elementary functions. Our results contain particular solutions found previously including models of charged relativistic spheres and uncharged neutron star models.

S. D. Maharaj; K. Komathiraj

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

46

Electric field shielding in dielectric nanosolutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To gain some insight into electrochemical activity of dielectric colloids of technical and biomedical interest we investigate a model of dielectric nanosolution whose micro-constitution is dominated by dipolarions -- positively and negatively charged spherically symmetric nano-structures composed of ionic charge surrounded by cloud of radially polarized dipoles of electrically neutral molecules of solvent. Combing the standard constitutive equations of an isotropic dielectric liquid with Maxwell equation of electrostatics and presuming the Boltzmann shape of the particle density of bound-charge we derive equation for the in-medium electrostatic field. Particular attention is given to numerical analysis of obtained analytic solutions of this equation describing the exterior fields of dipolarions with dipolar atmospheres of solvent molecules endowed with either permanent or field-induced dipole moments radially polarized by central symmetric field of counterions. The presented computations show that the electric field shielding of dipolarions in dielectric nanosolutions is quite different from that of counterionic nano-complexes of Debye-H\\"uckel theory of electrolytes.

Sergey Bastrukov; Pik-Yin Lai; Irina Molodtsova

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers Time-of-flight mass spectrometer comprising a first drift...

48

Alignment of fee Crystals due to Transient Electric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The alignment of columnar ice crystals due to the electric field surrounding a moving charged object, such as an aircraft, is modeled. The model allows the conditions of charge, velocity, ambient electric field, and size and shape of crystal to ...

D. A. Burrows; J. L. Stith

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Electric Fields and Charges near 0C in Stratiform Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Earlier studies of mesoscale convective system stratiform regions have shown that large electric fields and charge densities are found near the 0C level. Here 12 soundings of the electric field were analyzed through the 0C level in various ...

Tommy R. Shepherd; W. David Rust; Thomas C. Marshall

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Tikekar superdense stars in electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present exact solutions to the Einstein-Maxwell system of equations with a specified form of the electric field intensity by assuming that the hypersurface \\{$t$ = constant\\} are spheroidal. The solution of the Einstein-Maxwell system is reduced to a recurrence relation with variable rational coefficients which can be solved in general using mathematical induction. New classes of solutions of linearly independent functions are obtained by restricting the spheroidal parameter $K$ and the electric field intensity parameter $\\alpha$. Consequently it is possible to find exact solutions in terms of elementary functions, namely polynomials and algebraic functions. Our result contains models found previously including the superdense Tikekar neutron star model [R. Tikekar, \\emph{J. Math. Phys.} \\textbf{31}, 2454 (1990)] when $K=-7$ and $\\alpha=0$. Our class of charged spheroidal models generalise the uncharged isotropic Maharaj and Leach solutions [S. D. Maharaj and P. G. L. Leach, \\emph{J. Math. Phys.} \\textbf{37}, 430 (1996)]. In particular, we find an explicit relationship directly relating the spheroidal parameter $K$ to the electromagnetic field.

K. Komathiraj; S. D. Maharaj

2007-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

51

Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields on Simple Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... than 40 years ago suggested that simple plants grasses, beans, and corn- exhibited varying effects in simulated geomagnetic fields and in electric fields.

52

Calculation of electric field and audible noise from transmission lines with non-parallel conductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate the feasibility of using new transmission line configurations with non-parallel conductors, for managing magnetic field in critical areas, techniques are needed to assess the effects of different three-dimensional line arrangements on other important design parameters. A new method for calculation of electric field and corona-generated audible noise from non-parallel conductors is described and implemented as a computer tool. This method uses linearly varying line charges to simulate charge distribution along the axial direction of the transmission line. New algorithms are developed for calculating electric field and audible noise due to non-uniform line charges and illustrated by examples of low magnetic field transmission line designs.

Liu, Y. [Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (United States); Zaffanella, L.E. [Enertech Consultants, Lee, MA (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Highly Efficient Electric Motor Systems - National Renewable ...  

Electric Motor Systems ... savings. Conical hubs Matching axial field poles. Issued Patents on Motor Geometry. 7 NREL Energy Forum November 2009 www.novatorque.com.

54

The Induced Electric Field Distribution in Solar Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method of calculating induced electric field is presented in this paper. Induced electric field in solar atmosphere is derived by the time variation of magnetic field when the charged particle accumulation is neglected. In order to get the spatial distribution of magnetic field, several extrapolation methods are introduced. With observational data from Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) aboard the NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) on May 20th, 2010, we extrapolate the magnetic field to the upper atmosphere from the photosphere. By calculating the time variation of magnetic field, we can get the induced electric field. The derived induced electric field can reach a value of 100 V/cm and the average electric field has a maximum point at the layer of 360 km above the photosphere. The Monte Carlo statistics method is used to compute the triple integration of induced electric field.

Chen, Rong; Deng, Yuanyong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Dynamics of an Electric Dipole Moment in a Stochastic Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean-field dynamics of an electric dipole moment in a deterministic and a fluctuating electric field is solved to obtain the average over fluctuations of the dipole moment and the angular mo- mentum as a function of time for a Gaussian white noise stochastic electric field. The components of the average electric dipole moment and the average angular momentum along the deterministic electric field direction do not decay to zero, despite fluctuations in all three components of the elec- tric field. This is in contrast to the decay of the average over fluctuations of a magnetic moment in a stochastic magnetic field with Gaussian white noise in all three components. The components of the average electric dipole moment and the average angular momentum perpendicular to the deterministic electric field direction oscillate with time but decay to zero, and their variance grows with time.

Band, Y B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Retrieving Storm Electric Fields from Aircraft Field Mill Data. Part I: Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the problem of retrieving storm electric fields from an aircraft instrumented with several electric field mill sensors can be expressed in terms of a standard Lagrange multiplier optimization problem. The method naturally removes ...

W. J. Koshak

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and...

58

Atomistic modeling of metal surfaces under electric fields: direct coupling of electric fields to a molecular dynamics algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of electric fields on metal surfaces is fairly well studied, resulting in numerous analytical models developed to understand the mechanisms of ionization of surface atoms observed at very high electric fields, as well as the general behavior of a metal surface in this condition. However, the derivation of analytical models does not include explicitly the structural properties of metals, missing the link between the instantaneous effects owing to the applied field and the consequent response observed in the metal surface as a result of an extended application of an electric field. In the present work, we have developed a concurrent electrodynamicmolecular dynamic model for the dynamical simulation of an electric-field effect and subsequent modification of a metal surface in the framework of an atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) approach. The partial charge induced on the surface atoms by the electric field is assessed by applying the classical Gauss law. The electric forces acting on the partially...

Djurabekova, Flyura; Pohjonen, Aarne; Nordlund, Kai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

High-frequency electric field measurement using a toroidal antenna  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and compact method and apparatus for detecting high frequency electric fields, particularly in the frequency range of 1 MHz to 100 MHz, uses a compact toroidal antenna. For typical geophysical applications the sensor will be used to detect electric fields for a wide range of spectrum starting from about 1 MHz, in particular in the frequency range between 1 to 100 MHz, to detect small objects in the upper few meters of the ground. Time-varying magnetic fields associated with time-varying electric fields induce an emf (voltage) in a toroidal coil. The electric field at the center of (and perpendicular to the plane of) the toroid is shown to be linearly related to this induced voltage. By measuring the voltage across a toroidal coil one can easily and accurately determine the electric field.

Lee, Ki Ha (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Picosecond Electric Field CARS; A Diagnostic Technique to Measure the Electric Field Development within Nanosecond Repetitively Pulsed Plasmas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, a novel technique is presented to take measurements of an electric field which develops and changes rapidly in time. The motivation arises (more)

Goldberg, Benjamin M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure During Live Line Work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An employee performing work on a transmission line while that line is energized is subjected to the local electric and magnetic fields produced by the voltage and current on the line. The electric field can result in spark discharges, contact currents, and stimulation of the body hair with attendant annoyance. Magnetic fields do not result in shock phenomena, but have become of concern to some people with regard to alleged health effects. Magnetic field shielding is not practical for live line ...

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

62

Effects of Radial Electric Fields on ICRF Waves  

SciTech Connect

Equilibrium considerations infer that large localized radial electric fields are associated with internal transport barrier structures in tokamaks and other toroidal magnetic confinement configurations. In this paper, the effects of an equilibrium electric field on fast magnetosonic wave propagation are considered in the context of a cold plasma model.

C.K. Phillips; J.C. Hosea; M. Ono; J.R. Wilson

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

Radial electric field 3D modeling for wire arrays driving dynamic hohlraums on Z.  

SciTech Connect

The anode-cathode structure of the Z-machine wire array results in a higher negative radial electric field (Er) on the wires near the cathode relative to the anode. The magnitude of this field has been shown to anti-correlate with the axial radiation top/bottom symmetry in the DH (Dynamic Hohlraum). Using 3D modeling, the structure of this field is revealed for different wire-array configurations and for progressive mechanical alterations, providing insight for minimizing the negative Er on the wire array in the anode-to-cathode region of the DH. Also, the 3D model is compared to Sasorov's approximation, which describes Er at the surface of the wire in terms of wire-array parameters.

Mock, Raymond Cecil

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Electric Field Distribution of Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) is attracting increasing interest with its promise as a room-temperature nuclear-radiation-detector material. The distribution of the electric field in CZT detectors substantially affects their detection performance. At Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), we employed a synchrotron X-Ray mapping technique and a Pockels-effect measurement system to investigate this distribution in different detectors. Here, we report our latest experimental results with three detectors of different width/height ratios. A decrease in this ratio aggravates the non-uniform distribution of electric field, and focuses it on the central volume. Raising the bias voltage effectively can minimize such non-uniformity of the electric field distribution. The position of the maximum electric field is independent of the bias voltage; the difference between its maximum- and minimum-intensity of electric field increases with the applied bias voltage.

Yang,G.; Bolotnikov, A.; Camarda, G.S.; Cui, Y.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.; James, R.B.

2009-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

65

Extracting Nucleon Magnetic Moments and Electric Polarizabilities from Lattice QCD in Background Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nucleon properties are investigated in background electric fields. As the magnetic moments of baryons affect their relativistic propagation in constant electric fields, electric polarizabilities cannot be determined without knowledge of magnetic moments. We devise combinations of nucleon correlation functions in external electric fields to isolate both observables. Using an ensemble of anisotropic gauge configurations with dynamical clover fermions, we demonstrate how magnetic moments and electric polarizabilities can be determined from lattice QCD simulations in background electric fields. We obtain results for both the neutron and proton, however, our study is currently limited to electrically neutral sea quarks. The value we extract for the nucleon isovector magnetic moment is comparable to that obtained from measuring lattice three-point functions at similar pion masses.

Detmold, William; Walker-Loud, Andre

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Chiral Anomaly and Decay of Color Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the formula of chiral anomaly, we discuss the pair production of quarks under color electric field $\\vec{E}$ without addressing explicit formula of quark's wavefunctions. The production is assumed to occur under the effect of color magnetic field $\\vec{B}$ as well as the color electric field. We obtain the life time $t_c$ of the color electric field in the limit of $B\\gg E$. Applying it to the glasma in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, we find that $t_c\\simeq 10Q_s^{-1}$ with saturation momentum $Q_s$.

Aiichi Iwazaki

2009-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

67

Blade tip clearance effect on the performance and flow field of a three stage axial turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of a 1.5 % blade tip clearance on a rotating three stage turbine under different operating points was investigated using radially and circumferentially traversed five hole pressure probes. The probes were used to obtain flow field total and static pressures, absolute and relative velocities and angles, as well as calculate the blade span distribution of total pressure loss coefficient. Total temperature thermocouple probes were traversed radially and circumferentially to obtain temperature profiles under running conditions. Results showed high discrepancies especially in the blade tip region which is due to high circulation flows occurring at the tip that produce an out of probe calibration range type flow. Engine efficiency and massflow rate was also measured using a venturi flow meter in order to discern the effect the blade tip clearance has on the engine efficiency and performance. Results have shown that the blade tip clearance losses appear to play a smaller role when compared to other losses such as exit losses. This was because the engine efficiency was slightly affected when run using a blade tip clearance.

Abdel-Fattah, Sharef Aly

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A Dynamic Model of Thundercloud Electric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic interactive computer model of the electrical behavior of a thundercloud surrounded by the distributed atmosphere, earth, ionosphere circuit is described. The electrification mechanisms in the model are represented by current or voltage ...

John S. Nisbet

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Pair creation by a photon in an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The process of pair creation by a photon in a constant and homogeneous electric field is investigated basing on the polarization operator in the field. The total probability of the process is found in a relatively simple form. At high energy the quasiclassical approximation is valid. The corrections to the standard quasiclassical approximation (SQA) are calculated. In the region relatively low photon energies, where SQA is unapplicable, the new approximation is used. It is shown that in this energy interval the probability of pair creation by a photon in electric field exceeds essentially the corresponding probability in a magnetic field. This approach is valid at the photon energy much larger than "vacuum" energy in electric field: $\\omega\\gg eE/m$. For smaller photon energies the low energy approximation is developed. At $\\omega\\ll eE/m$ the found probability describes the absorption of soft photon by the particles created by an electric field.

V. N. Baier; V. M. Katkov

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

70

Enhanced Translational Dynamics of Water under Electric Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High resolution quasielastic neutron scattering measurements have been used to study the effects of applied electric field on the dynamics of water molecules confined in the pores of folded silica sheet material FSM-12 with an average pore diameter (apd) of 16 Angstroms. In the absence of field, there is a significant slowing down of the water molecule diffusion as the temperature is lowered, in agreement with previous observations. The application of a moderate electric field of 2.5 kV/mm remarkably enhances the translational diffusion of water molecules. We interpret this as being due to a disruption of the hydrogen bonding by the electric field. This new observation suggests that existing theories valid at large electric field strengths may have to be corrected at moderate fields.

Omar Diallo, Souleymane [ORNL; Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Wada, Nobuo [Nagoya University, Japan; Inagaki, S [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc.; Fukushima, Y [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Electric field in 3D gravity with torsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that in static and spherically symmetric configurations of the system of Maxwell field coupled to 3D gravity with torsion, at least one of the Maxwell field components has to vanish. Restricting our attention to the electric sector of the theory, we find an interesting exact solution, corresponding to the azimuthal electric field. Its geometric structure is to a large extent influenced by the values of two different central charges, associated to the asymptotic AdS structure of spacetime.

M. Blagojevi?; B. Cvetkovi?

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

Effect of Electric and Magnetic Fields on Spin Dynamics in the Resonant Electric Dipole Moment Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A buildup of the vertical polarization in the resonant electric dipole moment (EDM) experiment [Y. F. Orlov, W. M. Morse, and Y. K. Semertzidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 214802 (2006)] is affected by a horizontal electric field in the particle rest frame oscillating at a resonant frequency. This field is defined by the Lorentz transformation of an oscillating longitudinal electric field and a uniform vertical magnetic one. The effect of a longitudinal electric field is significant, while the contribution from a magnetic field caused by forced coherent longitudinal oscillations of particles is dominant. The effect of electric field on the spin dynamics was not taken into account in previous calculations. This effect is considerable and leads to decreasing the EDM effect for the deuteron and increasing it for the proton. The formula for resonance strengths in the EDM experiment has been derived. The spin dynamics has been calculated.

Alexander J. Silenko

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

73

Molecular-scale measurements of electric fields at electrochemical interfaces.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatially resolved measurements of electric fields at electrochemical interfaces would be a critical step toward further understanding and modeling the detailed structure of electric double layers. The goal of this project was to perform proof-of-principle experiments to demonstrate the use of field-sensitive dyes for optical measurements of fields in electrochemical systems. A confocal microscope was developed that provides sensitive detection of the lifetime and high resolution spectra of excited fluorescence for dyes tethered to electrically conductive surfaces. Excited state lifetimes for the dyes were measured and found to be relatively unquenched when linked to indium tin oxide, but strongly quenched on gold surfaces. However, our fluorescence detection is sufficiently sensitive to measure spectra of submonolayer dye coatings even when the fluorescence was strongly quenched. Further work to create dye labeled interfaces on flat, uniform and durable substrates is necessary to make electric field measurements at interfaces using field sensitive dyes.

Hayden, Carl C.; Farrow, Roger L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Effects of a static electric field on nonsequential double ionization  

SciTech Connect

Using a three-dimensional semiclassical method, we perform a systematic analysis of the effects of an additional static electric field on nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of a helium atom in an intense, linearly polarized laser field. It is found that the static electric field influences not only the ionization rate, but also the kinetic energy of the ionized electron returning to the parent ion, in such a way that, if the rate is increased, then the kinetic energy of the first returning electron is decreased, and vice versa. These two effects compete in NSDI. Since the effect of the static electric field on the ionization of the first electron plays a more crucial role in the competition, the symmetric double-peak structure of the He{sup 2+} momentum distribution parallel to the polarization of the laser field is destroyed. Furthermore, the contribution of the trajectories with multiple recollisions to the NSDI is also changed dramatically by the static electric field. As the static electric field increases, the trajectories with two recollisions, which start at the time when the laser and the static electric field are in the same direction, become increasingly important for the NSDI.

Li Hongyun [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Department of Physics, State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang Bingbing; Li Xiaofeng; Fu Panming [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Chen Jing; Liu Jie [Center for Nonlinear Studies, Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Jiang Hongbing; Gong Qihuang [Department of Physics, State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Yan Zongchao [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3 (Canada); Research Academy of Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod R. M. McDermott 1 , B. Lipschultz 1 , K. Marr 1 , I. Bespamyatnov 2 , J. W. Hughes 1 , W. Rowan 2, , D. Whyte 1 1 Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA 2 Fusion Research Center, University of Texas, Austin Texas, USA Edge CXRS System on Alcator C-Mod E r in L-Mode Plasmas Calculation of the Radial Electric Field C G D Edge Poloidal System:

76

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and ferroelectric order-have excited condensed-matter researchers worldwide with the promise of coupling between magnetic and electric order parameters. A Berkeley-Stanford-Swiss group has now used the multiferroic bismuth-iron-oxygen compound BiFeO3 (BFO) to explore electrical control of magnetism through exchange coupling with a ferromagnet. Their experiments reveal the possibility of controlling ferromagnetism with an electric field at room temperature, a capability that could result in new and novel devices for magnetic data storage, spintronics, and high-frequency magnetic devices.

77

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and ferroelectric order-have excited condensed-matter researchers worldwide with the promise of coupling between magnetic and electric order parameters. A Berkeley-Stanford-Swiss group has now used the multiferroic bismuth-iron-oxygen compound BiFeO3 (BFO) to explore electrical control of magnetism through exchange coupling with a ferromagnet. Their experiments reveal the possibility of controlling ferromagnetism with an electric field at room temperature, a capability that could result in new and novel devices for magnetic data storage, spintronics, and high-frequency magnetic devices.

78

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and ferroelectric order-have excited condensed-matter researchers worldwide with the promise of coupling between magnetic and electric order parameters. A Berkeley-Stanford-Swiss group has now used the multiferroic bismuth-iron-oxygen compound BiFeO3 (BFO) to explore electrical control of magnetism through exchange coupling with a ferromagnet. Their experiments reveal the possibility of controlling ferromagnetism with an electric field at room temperature, a capability that could result in new and novel devices for magnetic data storage, spintronics, and high-frequency magnetic devices.

79

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Electric Field Control of Local Ferromagnetism with a Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Print Magnetoelectric multiferroics-materials that simultaneously show some form of magnetic and ferroelectric order-have excited condensed-matter researchers worldwide with the promise of coupling between magnetic and electric order parameters. A Berkeley-Stanford-Swiss group has now used the multiferroic bismuth-iron-oxygen compound BiFeO3 (BFO) to explore electrical control of magnetism through exchange coupling with a ferromagnet. Their experiments reveal the possibility of controlling ferromagnetism with an electric field at room temperature, a capability that could result in new and novel devices for magnetic data storage, spintronics, and high-frequency magnetic devices.

80

Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers Time-of-flight mass spectrometer comprising a first drift region and a second drift region enclosed within an evacuation chamber. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Linear Electric Field Time-Of-Flight Ion Mass Spectrometers Time-of-flight mass spectrometer comprising a first drift region and a second drift region enclosed within an evacuation chamber; a means of introducing an analyte of interest into the first drift region; a pulsed ionization source which produces molecular ions from said analyte of interest; a first foil positioned between the first drift region and the second drift region, which dissociates said molecular ions into constituent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Approximate expressions for polar gap electric field of pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive easy-to-handle approximations for the polar gap electric field due to inertial frame dragging as derived by Harding & Muslimov 1998. A simple formula valid for polar gap height comparable to the polar cap radius is presented.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

82

Parallel Electric Field Spectrum of Solar Wind Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By searching through more than 10 satellite-years of THEMIS and Cluster data, three reliable examples of parallel electric field turbulence in the undisturbed solar wind have been found. The perpendicular and parallel electric field spectra in these examples have similar shapes and amplitudes, even at large scales (frequencies below the ion gyroscale) where Alfvenic turbulence with no parallel electric field component is thought to dominate. The spectra of the parallel electric field fluctuations are power laws with exponents near -5/3 below the ion scales (~ 0.1 Hz), and with a flattening of the spectrum in the vicinity of this frequency. At small scales (above a few Hz), the spectra are steeper than -5/3 with values in the range of -2.1 to -2.8. These steeper slopes are consistent with expectations for kinetic Alfven turbulence, although their amplitude relative to the perpendicular fluctuations is larger than expected.

Mozer, F S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Semiconductors and the Built-In Electric Field for Crystalline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

field. Light shining on crystalline silicon may free electrons within the crystal lattice, but for these electrons to do useful work-such as provide electricity to a light...

84

Electric Field Perturbations in Terrestrial Clouds and Solar Flare Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric electrical data taken on 3744 m high Niwot Ridge, Colorado, during 1966, 1967 and 1968 are reexamined for evidence of a solar-weather link between the earths electric field and solar flare events. The onset of the response of the ...

Doyne Sartor

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Computer Simulations of Charged Colloids in Alternating Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly review recent theoretical and simulation studies of charged colloidal dispersions in alternating electric fields (AC fields). The response of single colloid to an external field can be characterized by a complex polarizability, which describes the dielectric properties of the colloid and its surrounding electrical double layer. We present computer simulation studies of single spherical colloid, using a coarse-grained mesoscale approach that accounts in full for hydrodynamic and electrostatic interactions as well as for thermal fluctuations. We investigate systematically a number of controlling parameters, such as the amplitude and frequency of the AC-fields. The results are in good agreement with recent theoretical predictions.

Jiajia Zhou; Friederike Schmid

2014-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

86

Ionisation of a quantum dot by electric fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have derived analytical formulas for differential and total ionisation probabilities of a two-dimensional quantum dot by a constant electric field. In the adiabatic approximation, we have calculated the probability of this process in the field of a plane electromagnetic wave and in a superposition of constant and alternating electric fields. The imaginary-time method is used to obtain the momentum distribution of the ionisation probability of a bound system by an intense field generated by a superposition of parallel constant and alternating electric fields. The total probability of the process per unit time is calculated with exponential accuracy. The dependence of the results obtained on the characteristic parameters of the problem is investigated. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Eminov, P A; Gordeeva, S V

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Influence of Blank-Width Ratio on Stress Field during Heavy Axial Forgings Manufacturing with Horizontal V-Shaped Anvils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forging method with horizontal V-shaped anvils (HVA) is effective in the control of inner stress states, metal tissue, etc. FEM numerical simulation is conducted for the HVA forging method, given the blank-width ratio 0.5, 1.0 and 1.2, respectively, ... Keywords: horizontal V-shaped anvil, anvil-width ratio, blank-width ratio, axial forging, stress field

Li Li; Wang Qian; Yu Suoqing; Ni Liyong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Particle acceleration by fluctuating electric fields at a magnetic field null point  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle acceleration consequences from fluctuating electric fields superposed on an X-type magnetic field in collisionless solar plasma are studied. Such a system is chosen to mimic generic features of dynamic reconnection, or the reconnective dissipation of a linear disturbance. We explore numerically the consequences for charged particle distributions of fluctuating electric fields superposed on an X-type magnetic field. Particle distributions are obtained by numerically integrating individual charged particle orbits when a time varying electric field is superimposed on a static X-type neutral point. This configuration represents the effects of the passage of a generic MHD disturbance through such a system. Different frequencies of the electric field are used, representing different possible types of wave. The electric field reduces with increasing distance from the X-type neutral point as in linear dynamic magnetic reconnection. The resulting particle distributions have properties that depend on the amplitude and frequency of the electric field. In many cases a bimodal form is found. Depending on the timescale for variation of the electric field, electrons and ions may be accelerated to different degrees and often have energy distributions of different forms. Protons are accelerated to $\\gamma$-ray producing energies and electrons to and above hard X-ray producing energies in timescales of 1 second. The acceleration mechanism is possibly important for solar flares and solar noise storms but is also applicable to all collisionless plasmas.

P. Petkaki; A. L. MacKinnon

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electric and Magnetic Fields Associated with Electric Vehicle Charging: EMF from EV Charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly common. On a routine basis, it is necessary to charge the batteries within these vehicles. Electric and magnetic fields (EMF) are produced as a direct result of charging, but they have not been measured in a systematic manner in order to gain a better understading of their characteristics. This study, performed at Southern California Edisons Electric Vehicle Test Center (EVTC) in Pomona, CA, was conducted to address ...

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

EMDEX (Electric and Magnetic Field Digital EXposure) system manuals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Electric and Magnetic Field Digital EXposure (EMDEX) system consists of hardware and software for characterizing electric and magnetic field exposures. The EMDEX meter is a computer-based portable unit that samples, at a user-programmable rate, the three vector components of magnetic flux density, a measure of the average electric field acting on the torso of the wearer (if an optional sensor is worn) and a measure of rotational motion of the meter in the earth's magnetic field. Modules of the DATACALC software package are used to program the EMDEX, retrieve data at the end of a measurement session, analyze EMDEX data, and prepare tabular and graphical data summaries. The User Manual is designed to provide instruction on the use of the exposure system hardware and software. The Technical Reference Manual provides additional, detailed descriptions of the hardware, software and methodologies used in the EMDEX system.

Not Available

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

On the exact electric and magnetic fields of an electric dipole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive from Jefimenko's equations a multipole expansion in order to obtain the exact expressions for the electric and magnetic fields of an electric dipole with an arbitrary time dependence. A few comments are also made about the usual expositions found in most common undergraduate and graduate textbooks as well as in the literature on this topic.

Kort-Kamp, W J M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Method of using an electric field controlled emulsion phase contactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for contacting liquid phases comprising a column for transporting a liquid phase contacting system, the column having upper and lower regions. The upper region has a nozzle for introducing a dispersed phase and means for applying thereto a vertically oriented high intensity pulsed electric field. This electric field allows improved flow rates while shattering the dispersed phase into many micro-droplets upon exiting the nozzle to form a dispersion within a continuous phase. The lower region employs means for applying to the dispersed phase a horizontally oriented high intensity pulsed electric field so that the dispersed phase undergoes continuous coalescence and redispersion while being urged from side to side as it progresses through the system, increasing greatly the mass transfer opportunity.

Scott, Timothy C. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Electric field suppression of ultracold confined chemical rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider ultracold collisions of polar molecules confined in a one dimensional optical lattice. Using a quantum scattering formalism and a frame transformation method, we calculate elastic and chemical quenching rate constants for fermionic molecules. Taking KRb molecules as a prototype, we find that the rate of quenching collisions is enhanced at zero electric field as the confinement is increased, but that this rate is suppressed when the electric field is turned on. For molecules with 500 nK of collision energy, for realistic molecular densities, and for achievable experimental electric fields and trap confinements, we predict lifetimes of KRb molecules of 1 s. We find a ratio of elastic to quenching collision rates of about 100, which may be sufficient to achieve efficient experimental evaporative cooling of polar KRb molecules.

Qumner, Goulven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Brane Intersections in the Presence of a Worldvolume Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of brane intersections has provided important insights into a possible non-commutative structure of spacetime geometry. In this paper we focus on the D1$\\bot$D3 system. We compare the D1 and D3 descriptions of the interesection and search for non-static solutions of the D3$\\bot$D1 funnel equations in the presence of a worldvolume electric field. We find that the D1 and D3 descriptions do not agree. We find time dependent solutions that are a natural generalization of those found without the electric field.

Rajsekhar Bhattacharyya; Jamila Douari

2005-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

A method of electric field flow fractionation wherein the polarity of the electric field is periodically reversed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Field flow fractionation, a method obtaining high resolution separations of organic and inorganic colloids and soluble molecules, has been known in the art for approximately twenty years. The term field flow fractionation uses the word field in a generic sense. The field may comprise an electric field, a temperature gradient, a pH gradient, gravitational sedimentation or sedimentation through the application of a centrifugal force. The field is made to act upon a flowing solution or colloidal suspension and causes segregation or fractionation of the solute molecules or colloid particles. A novel method of electric field flow fractionation for separating solute molecules from a carrier solution is disclosed. The method of the invention utilizes an electric field that is periodically reversed in polarity, in a time-dependent, wave-like manner. The parameters of the waveform, including amplitude, frequency and wave shape may be varied to optimize separation of solute species. The waveform may further include discontinuities to enhance separation. 11 figs.

Stevens, F.J.

1990-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Electric field-induced deformation of polyelectrolyte gels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water-swollen polyelectrolyte gels deform in an electric field. We observed that the sign and magnitude of the deformation is dependent on the nature of the salt bath in which the gel is immersed and electrocuted. These results are compatible with a deformation mechanism based upon creation of ion density gradients by the field which, in turn, creates osmotic pressure gradients within the gel. A consistent interpretation results only if gel mobility is allowed as well as free ion diffusion and migration.

Adolf, D.; Hance, B.G.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Electric field induced propagating structures in a model of spatio-temporal signalling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: calcium waves, convective instabilities, electric field effects, intracellular transport, propagating structures

D. nita; P. Hasal; J. H. Merkin

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

On magnetic-field-induced dissipationless electric current in nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a general design of a metallic double-nanowire structure which may support an equilibrium dissipationless electric current in the presence of magnetic field. The structure consists of a compact wire element of a specific shape, which is periodically extended in one spatial dimension. Topologically, each wire element is equivalent to a ring, which supports a dissipationless current in the presence of magnetic flux similarly to the persistent electric current in a normal metal nanoring. Geometrically, each wire element breaks spatial inversion symmetry so that the equilibrium electric current through the device becomes nonzero. We also argue that the same effect should exist in long planar chiral nanoribbons subjected to external magnetic field.

M. N. Chernodub

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

99

Biaxial Flexural Strength of Poled Lead Zirconate Titanate under High Electric Field with Extended Field Range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, as-received poled lead zirconate titanate, or PZT 5A, was examined using ball-on-ring (BoR) mechanical testing coupled with an electric field. Electric fields in the range of 4Ec (Ec, coercive field) with controlled loading paths were applied, and mechanical tests at a substantial number of characteristic electric field levels were conducted. Commercial electronic liquid FC-40 was used to prevent the setup from dielectric breakdown under a high electric field. Weibull strength distribution was used to interpret the mechanical strength data. The data showed that the strength levels of the PZT-5A tested under OC (open circuit) in air and in FC-40 were almost the same. It was further revealed that , for the studied cases, the effect of loading history on the biaxial flexural strength of the PZT was significant in -Ec, but not in OC or zero field as well as 4Ec . An asymmetry V curve was observed for the characteristic strength-electric field graph, and the bottom of V curve was located near the negative coercive field. Microscopy analysis showed that surface-located volume-distributed flaws were the strength limiter and responsible for the failure of the tested PZT under electromechanical loadings.

Zhang, Kewei [ORNL; Zeng, Fan W [ORNL; Wang, Hong [ORNL; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Field Demonstration of the Thermostone III Electric Thermal Storage Furnace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat storage furnaces use low-cost, off-peak electricity to satisfy all of a customer's heating needs. This field demonstration showed that prototype heat storage furnaces maintained comfort under diverse climate conditions, usage patterns, and lengths of off-peak periods. In addition, these furnaces effectively shifted the load to off-peak hours.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

On the energy of electric field in hydrogen atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that hydrogen atom is a unique object in physics having negative energy of electric field, which is present in the atom. This refers also to some hydrogen-type atoms: hydrogen anti-atom, atom composed of proton and antiproton, and positronium.

Yuri Kornyushin

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

102

Estimating of pulsed electric fields using optical measurements.  

SciTech Connect

We performed optical electric field measurements ion nanosecond time scales using the electrooptic crystal beta barium borate (BBO). Tests were based on a preliminary bench top design intended to be a proofofprinciple stepping stone towards a modulardesign optical Efield diagnostic that has no metal in the interrogated environment. The long term goal is to field a modular version of the diagnostic in experiments on large scale xray source facilities, or similarly harsh environments.

Flanagan, Timothy McGuire; Chantler, Gary R.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Polymer-disordered liquid crystals: Susceptibility to electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When nematic liquid crystals are embedded in random polymer networks, the disordered environment disrupts the long-range order, producing a glassy state. If an electric field is applied, it induces large and fairly temperature-independent orientational order. To understand the experiments, we simulate a liquid crystal in a disordered polymer network, visualize the domain structure, and calculate the response to a field. Furthermore, using an Imry-Ma-like approach we predict the domain size and estimate the field-induced order. The simulations and analytic results agree with each other, and suggest how the materials can be optimized for electro-optic applications.

Lena M. Lopatina; Jonathan V. Selinger

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

104

Counting Photons in Static Electric and Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the electromagnetic field by the massless limit of a massive vector field in the presence of a Coulomb gauge fixing term. The gauge fixing term ensures that, in the massless limit, the longitudinal mode is removed from the spectrum and only the two transverse modes survive. The system, coupled to a classical conserved current, is quantized in the canonical formalism. The classical field configurations due to time-independent electric charges and currents are represented by coherent states of longitudinal and transverse photons, respectively. The occupation number in these states is finite. In particular, the number of longitudinal photons bound by an electric charge q is given by N=q^2/(16\\pi\\hbar).

Wolfgang Mueck

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

105

On the Magnitude of the Electric Field near Thunderstorm-Associated Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric-field measurements made in and near clouds during two airborne field programs are presented. Aircraft equipped with multiple electric-field mills and cloud physics sensors were flown near active convection and into thunderstorm anvil and ...

Francis J. Merceret; Jennifer G. Ward; Douglas M. Mach; Monte G. Bateman; James E. Dye

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

AC field exposure study: human exposure to 60-Hz electric fields  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to develop a method of estimating human exposure to the 60 Hz electric fields created by transmission lines. The Activity Systems Model simulates human activities in a variety of situations where exposure to electric fields is possible. The model combines maps of electric fields, activity maps, and experimentally determined activity factors to provide histograms of time spent in electric fields of various strengths in the course of agricultural, recreational, and domestic activities. For corroboration, the study team measured actual human exposure at locations across the United States near transmission lines ranging in voltage from 115 to 1200 kV. The data were collected with a specially designed vest that measures exposure. These data demonstrate the accuracy of the exposure model presented in this report and revealed that most exposure time is spent in fields of magnitudes similar to many household situations. The report provides annual exposure estimates for human activities near transmission lines and in the home and compares them with exposure data from typical laboratory animal experiments. For one exposure index, the cumulative product of time and electric field, exposure during some of the laboratory animal experiments is two to four orders of magnitude greater than cumulative exposure for a human during one year of outdoor work on a farm crossed by a transmission line.

Silva, J.M.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Comparison of electric field exposure monitoring instrumentation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Electric field exposure monitoring instrumentation was compared and evaluated during three days of tests performed in 60-Hz electric fields. A conducting vest exposure meter and a small electric field exposure meter (EFEM) located in a shirt pocket, arm band or hard hat were compared in a series of static and dynamic tests. In some tests, the devices were worn simultaneously without interference to provide separate measures of identical exposure. Tests with stationary subjects wearing the instruments were used to measure the effects of grounding, and to establish the meter response in a standard posture for each subject. Dynamic occupational exposure simulations were used to compare accumulated measurements of exposure between instruments and to compare measurements with predicted exposures. The simulations were based on analysis of the work-related behavior of substation electricians and operators. Electrician's tasks at ground level and in a bucket truck were simulated near an energized test line. A simulated substation inspection was performed in a 230 kV substation. The exposure measurements demonstrated an overall consistency between the meters. The vest demonstrated less intersubject variability and less detailed exposure characterization. Measurements with the shirt pocket EFEM were below those made with the vest and with the EFEM in other locations. Insulation provided by shoe soles appeared to be the largest factor in reducing measured exposures during the substation inspection below those predicted from the unperturbed field. Improvements in meter design and additional measurements are suggested. 11 refs., 20 figs., 28 tabs.

Bracken, T.D.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Generation of electromagnetic radiation based on nanotubes under a constant electric field and an electromagnetic wave field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possible generation of radiation in the millimeter range based on nanotubes by an alternating (rapidly oscillating) electric field under a constant (or nonstationary) electric field is studied. Radiation enhancement is based on a periodic dependence of the current in nanotubes in such electric fields. The results of a mathematical simulation are presented.

Sadykov, N. R., E-mail: sadykov@rambler.ru; Scorkin, N. A. [South Ural State University (Russian Federation)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

Picosecond laser induced electric field modulation of carotenoid absorption bands  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present a new and unique way of forming an intense electric field near a molecule in order to induce electrochromism. We have done this by creating an electron-hole pair within close proximity to, but electronically isolated form, a polarizable molecule. The molecular system that we have utilized consists of a zinc porphyrin -- pyromellitic diimide light induced charge transfer complex held rigidly proximate to a {beta}-carotene using a calix[4]arene linkage. The formation of the charge separated state of the porphyrin-diimide results in a dipole formed by the 8.4 {Angstrom} separation of the electron-hole pair. The electric field from this dipole was found to induce electrochromism in the carotene.

Gosztola, D.; Yamada, Hiroko; Wasielewski, M.R.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Gas storage and separation by electric field swing adsorption  

SciTech Connect

Gases are stored, separated, and/or concentrated. An electric field is applied across a porous dielectric adsorbent material. A gas component from a gas mixture may be selectively separated inside the energized dielectric. Gas is stored in the energized dielectric for as long as the dielectric is energized. The energized dielectric selectively separates, or concentrates, a gas component of the gas mixture. When the potential is removed, gas from inside the dielectric is released.

Currier, Robert P; Obrey, Stephen J; Devlin, David J; Sansinena, Jose Maria

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

Measuring Helical FCG Voltage with an Electric Field Antenna  

SciTech Connect

A method of measuring the voltage produced by a helical explosive flux compression generator using a remote electric field antenna is described in detail. The diagnostic has been successfully implemented on several experiments. Measured data from the diagnostic compare favorably with voltages predicted using the code CAGEN, validating our predictive modeling tools. The measured data is important to understanding generator performance, and is measured with a low-risk, minimally intrusive approach.

White, A D; Anderson, R A; Javedani, J B; Reisman, D B; Goerz, D A; Ferriera, A J; Speer, R D

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Electric Field Alignment of Cellulose Based-Polymer Nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cellulose whiskers (CWs) obtained from naturally occuring cellulose are nano-inclusions which show a lot of promise as mechanical reinforcements in polymers. Typically, a relatively high content is added to realize improvement in effective mechanical behavior. This enhancement in modulus is usually followed by a modest increase in strength but generally the ductility and toughness decrease. Our approach is to use small concentrations of CWs so as not to detrimentally affect processability, toughness and ductility. By aligning the small concentrations, we target the same kind of improvement in modulus and strength as reported in the literature, but at much smaller volume contents. In this work, we investigate the effect of AC electric field on the alignment of dispersed nanoscale CW in a polymer. Polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) is used as the model polymer because of the good interaction between CWs and PVAc. A low concentration of 0.4wt% was used for the study. Two dispersion methods, namely basic and modified, were developed. The basic method led to micron scale dispersion. Using the modified method, CWs were individually dispersed in PVAc with average lengths and diameters of 260 nm and 8 nm respectively yielding an aspect ratio of approximately 30. The behavior of CWs (alignment and chain formation) under an applied electric field was found to be a function of applied electric field magnitude, frequency and duration. Following alignment, the CW/PVAc nanocomposites are thermally dried in the presence of electric field to maintain the aligned microstructure. Improvements in dielectric constant and mechanical properties were observed for the aligned cases as compared to random case and pure PVAc. The optimal electric field magnitude, frequency and duration for the alignment and chain formation were found to be 200Vpp/mm, 50 KHz for duration of 20 minutes for the microcomposite and 250Vpp/mm, 10KHz for a duration of 1hr for the nanocomposite. At 0.4wt% concentration, 21% increase in dielectric constant for the optimal nanocomposite case. Above Tg, a 680% improvement in elastic modulus at 0.4wt% concentration for the optimal nanocomposite case. The reason for the significant reinforcement is attributed to alignment (rotation and chain formation) and chain-chain interaction (3D network formation and hydrogen bonding).

Kalidindi, Sanjay Varma

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Coalescence of Pickering emulsion droplets induced by an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining high-speed photography with electric current measurement, we investigate the electrocoalescence of Pickering emulsion droplets. Under high enough electric field, the originally-stable droplets coalesce via two distinct approaches: normal coalescence and abnormal coalescence. In the normal coalescence, a liquid bridge grows continuously and merges two droplets together, similar to the classical picture. In the abnormal coalescence, however, the bridge fails to grow indefinitely; instead it breaks up spontaneously due to the geometric constraint from particle shells. Such connecting-then-breaking cycles repeat multiple times, until a stable connection is established. In depth analysis indicates that the defect size in particle shells determines the exact merging behaviors: when the defect size is larger than a critical size around the particle diameter, normal coalescence will show up; while abnormal coalescence will appear for coatings with smaller defects.

Guo Chen; Peng Tan; Shuyu Chen; Jiping Huang; Weijia Wen; Lei Xu

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

General Matrix Inversion Technique for the Calibration of Electric Field Sensor Arrays on Aircraft Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A matrix calibration procedure has been developed that uniquely relates the electric fields measured at the aircraft with the external vector electric field and net aircraft charge. The calibration method can be generalized to any reasonable ...

D. M. Mach; W. J. Koshak

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Parallel electric field generation by Alfven wave turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{This work aims to investigate the spectral structure of the parallel electric field generated by strong anisotropic and balanced Alfvenic turbulence in relation with the problem of electron acceleration from the thermal population in solar flare plasma conditions.} {We consider anisotropic Alfvenic fluctuations in the presence of a strong background magnetic field. Exploiting this anisotropy, a set of reduced equations governing non-linear, two-fluid plasma dynamics is derived. The low-$\\beta$ limit of this model is used to follow the turbulent cascade of the energy resulting from the non-linear interaction between kinetic Alfven waves, from the large magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) scales with $k_{\\perp}\\rho_{s}\\ll 1$ down to the small "kinetic" scales with $k_{\\perp}\\rho_{s} \\gg 1$, $\\rho_{s}$ being the ion sound gyroradius.} {Scaling relations are obtained for the magnitude of the turbulent electromagnetic fluctuations, as a function of $k_{\\perp}$ and $k_{\\parallel}$, showing that the electric field develops ...

Bian, N H; Brown, J C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Photoionization of Ca in a static electric field  

SciTech Connect

We present a joint theoretical and experimental investigation for electric-field effects on ground-state photoionization of Ca. For an electric field with its direction along the z axis, the dominant field-free, doubly excited, odd-parity (i.e., 3dnp and/or 3dnf) resonances of the {sup 1,3}L{sub J=1}{sup o} (i.e., {sup 1,3}P{sub J=1}{sup o} and {sup 3}D{sub J=1}{sup o}) symmetries are coupled with the even-parity (i.e., 3dns, 3dnd, and/or 3dng) resonances of the {sup 1,3}L{sub J=0}{sup e} (i.e., {sup 1}S{sub J=0}{sup e} and {sup 3}P{sub J=0}{sup e}) and {sup 1,3}L{sub J=2}{sup e} (i.e., {sup 3}P{sub J=2}{sup e}, {sup 1,3}D{sub J=2}{sup e}, and {sup 3}F{sub J=2}{sup e}) symmetries. Using a B-spline-based complex-rotation method with spin-dependent interaction, our theoretically calculated spectrum is found to be in good agreement with the observed spectrum from a cross-beam photoionization experiment for field strengths up to 25 kV/cm. We present in detail a number of qualitative features of the field-induced level crossing and avoided crossing in energy between neighboring resonances, their corresponding changes in width, and the resulting variation in resonance structure profiles. A few ''hidden'' resonances due to strong overlap with more prominant resonances are also identified theoretically.

Fang, T. K. [Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan 242 (China); Lo, J. I.; Yih, T. S. [Department of Physics, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan 32001 (China); Chang, T. N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Effect of an electric field on a Leidenfrost droplet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally investigate the effect of an electric field applied between a Leidenfrost droplet and the heated substrate on which it is levitating. We quantify the electro-Leidenfrost effect by imaging the interference fringes between the liquid-vapour and vapour-substrate interfaces. The increase of the voltage induces a decrease of the vapour layer thickness. Above a certain critical voltage the Leidenfrost effect is suppressed and the drop starts boiling. Our study characterizes this way to control and/or to avoid the Leidenfrost effect that is undesirable in many domains such as metallurgy or nuclear reactor safety.

Franck Celestini; G. Kirstetter

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

118

Rotating charged black holes accelerated by an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Ernst method of removing nodal singularities from the charged C-metric representing uniformly accelerated black holes with mass $m$, charge $q$ and acceleration $A$ by "adding" an electric field $E$ is generalized. Utilizing the new form of the C-metric found recently, Ernst's simple "equilibrium" condition $mA=qE$ valid for small accelerations is generalized for arbitrary $A$. The nodal singularity is removed also in the case of accelerating and rotating charged black holes, and the corresponding equilibrium condition is determined.

Jiri Bicak; David Kofron

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

119

Tokamak with liquid metal for inducing toroidal electrical field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tokamak apparatus includes a vessel for defining a reservoir and confining liquid therein. A toroidal liner disposed within said vessel defines a toroidal space within the liner confines gas therein. Liquid metal fills the reservoir outside the liner. A magnetic field is established in the liquid metal to develop magnetic flux linking the toroidal space. The gas is ionized. The liquid metal and the toroidal space are moved relative to one another transversely of the space to generate electric current in the ionized gas in the toroidal space about its major axis and thereby heat plasma developed in the toroidal space.

Ohkawa, Tihiro (La Jolla, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Phase space evolution of pairs created in strong electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the process of energy conversion from overcritical electric field into electron-positron-photon plasma. We solve numerically Vlasov-Boltzmann equations for pairs and photons assuming the system to be homogeneous and anisotropic. All the 2-particle QED interactions between pairs and photons are described by collision terms. We evidence several epochs of this energy conversion, each of them associated to a specific physical process. Firstly pair creation occurs, secondly back reaction results in plasma oscillations. Thirdly photons are produced by electron-positron annihilation. Finally particle interactions lead to completely equilibrated thermal electron-positron-photon plasma.

Benedetti, Alberto; Vereshchagin, Gregory; 10.1016/j.physleta.2012.11.026

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Exposure to transmission line electric fields during farming operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an analysis of exposure to transmission line electric fields during typical farming operations. This analysis makes use of experimentally determined ''activity factors'' and time budget information for typical farms as compiled by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A detailed exposure assessment for 18 ''typical farms'' (as defined by USDA) is provided for a base case 345 kV design. Exposure estimates for transmission lines ranging from 115-765 kV are provided for a representative farm.

Silva, M.; Huber, D.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Nondestructive acoustic electric field probe apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a nondestructive acoustic electric field probe and its method of use. A source of acoustic pulses of arbitrary but selected shape is placed in an oil bath along with material to be tested across which a voltage is disposed and means for receiving acoustic pulses after they have passed through the material. The received pulses are compared with voltage changes across the material occurring while acoustic pulses pass through it and analysis is made thereof to determine preselected characteristics of the material.

Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

MAGNETIC EXPLOSIONS: ROLE OF THE INDUCTIVE ELECTRIC FIELD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inclusion of the inductive electric field, E{sub ind}, due to the temporally changing B, in magnetic explosions is discussed, with emphasis on solar flares. Several roles played by E{sub ind} are identified: on a global scale, E{sub ind} produces the electromotive force that drives the explosion; the associated E{sub ind} Multiplication-Sign B drift is identified with the inflow of magnetic field lines into a reconnection region; the polarization current, associated with {partial_derivative}E{sub ind}/{partial_derivative}t, implies a J Multiplication-Sign B force that accelerates this inflow; and the component of E{sub ind} parallel to B accelerates the energetic electrons that cause hard X-ray emission and type III radio bursts. Some simple models that describe these effects are presented. A resolution of the long-standing 'number problem' in solar flares is suggested.

Melrose, D. B. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

The reduced basis method for the electric field integral equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the reduced basis method (RBM) as an efficient tool for parametrized scattering problems in computational electromagnetics for problems where field solutions are computed using a standard Boundary Element Method (BEM) for the parametrized electric field integral equation (EFIE). This combination enables an algorithmic cooperation which results in a two step procedure. The first step consists of a computationally intense assembling of the reduced basis, that needs to be effected only once. In the second step, we compute output functionals of the solution, such as the Radar Cross Section (RCS), independently of the dimension of the discretization space, for many different parameter values in a many-query context at very little cost. Parameters include the wavenumber, the angle of the incident plane wave and its polarization.

Fares, M., E-mail: fares@cerfacs.f [2 Avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France); Hesthaven, J.S., E-mail: Jan_Hesthaven@Brown.ed [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Box F, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Maday, Y., E-mail: maday@ann.jussieu.f [Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Boite courrier 18, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Stamm, B., E-mail: stamm@math.berkeley.ed [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

125

Electron electric dipole moment experiment using electric-field quantized slow cesium atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-51xxx Electron electric dipole momentexperiment using electric-?eld quantized slow cesium atomsA proof-of-principle electron electric dipole moment (e-EDM)

Amini, Jason M.; Munger Jr., Charles T.; Gould, Harvey

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Coherent spin control by electrical manipulation of the magnetic anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-spin paramagnetic manganese defects in polar piezoelectric zinc oxide exhibit a simple almost axial anisotropy and phase coherence times of the order of a millisecond at low temperatures. The anisotropy energy is tunable using an externally applied electric field. This can be used to control electrically the phase of spin superpositions and to drive spin transitions with resonant microwave electric fields.

Richard E George; James P Edwards; Arzhang Ardavan

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

127

Origin of axial current in scyllac  

SciTech Connect

The origin of the axial current observed in Scyllac (a high beta stellarator experiment) is discussed. A shaped coil and/or helical winding produce rotational transform which links magnetic lines of force to the plasma column and the axial current is induced electromagnetically. This phenomenon is inherent in a pulsed high-beta stellarator. The rotational transform produced by the induced axial current is much smaller than that associated with the l = 1, 0 equilibrium fields. The effect of the axial current on the equilibrium and stability of the plasma column is thus small. It is also shown that the magnetic field shear near a plasma surface is very strong. (auth)

Sugisaki, K.

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Carrier heating in disordered conjugated polymers in electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at three di?erent electric ?elds and room temperature.conjugated polymers in electric ?eld Nenad Vukmirovi a) and94720, USA. Abstract The electric ?eld dependence of charge

Vukmirovic, Nenad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Electrical modification of combustion and the affect of electrode geometry on the field produced  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been extensive work to show how electric fields can influence combustion. However, many different set ups are used. This work shows how different set ups produce different field strengths and that the field is not always uniformly distributed. ...

Timothy J. C. Dolmansley; Christopher W. Wilson; David A. Stone

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

On the Influence of Weak Magnetic and Electric Fields on the Fluctuations of Ionic Electric Currents in Blood Circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of a variety of existing experimental data leads to the conclusion on the existence of a resonance mechanism allowing weak magnetic fields to affect biological processes. These fields may either be static magnetic fields comparable in magnitude with the magnetic field of the earth or weak ultra-low frequency time-dependent fields. So far, a generally accepted theoretical model allowing one to understand the effect of magnetic and electric fields on biological processes is not available. By this reason, it is not clear which characteristics of the fields, like magnetic and electric field strength, frequency of change of the field, shape of the electromagnetic wave, the duration of the magnetic or electric influence or some particular combination of them, are responsible for the biological effect. In the present analysis it is shown that external time-independent magnetic fields may cause a resonance amplification of ionic electric currents in biological tissues and, in particular, in the vasculature system due to a Brownian motion of charges. These resonance electric currents may cause necrotic changes in the tissues or blood circulation and in this way significantly affect the biological organism. The magnitude of the magnetic fields leading to resonance effects is estimated, it is shown that it depends significantly on the radius of the blood capillaries.

Zakirjon Kanokov; Juern W. P. Schmelzer; Avazbek K. Nasirov

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

One-point statistics and intermittency of induced electric field in the solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interplanetary induced electric field e=vxb is studied, using solar wind time series. The probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the electric field components are measured from the data and their non-gaussianity is discussed. Moreover, for the first time we show that the electric field turbulence is characterized by intermittency. This point is addressed by studying, as usual, the scaling of the PDFs of field increments, which allows a quantitative characterization of intermittency.

Luca Sorriso-Valvo; Vincenzo Carbone; Roberto Bruno

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

132

Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure Levels (0 to 3000 Hz) near Residential Photovoltaic Energy Generation Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric and magnetic field levels associated with two residential photovoltaic energy generation facilities were characterized in this study. This measurement evaluation included static (direct current [DC]) magnetic fields and power-frequency alternating current (AC) electric and magnetic fields (up to 3,000 Hz).The major source of DC and AC magnetic fields associated with a residential solar facility is the power inverter that converts DC to AC electricity. In close proximity to one ...

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Electric Field Sensor Array for Node Localization on Two-Dimensional Signal Transmission Sheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Field Sensor Array for Node Localization on Two-Dimensional Signal Transmission Sheet Kei). In the method, the sensor node determines its own position by reading the electric field patterns above scanning. In this paper, firstly we introduce the method. Then we describe the structure of an electric

Shinoda, Hiroyuki

134

A mean field game analysis of electric vehicles in the smart grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A mean field game analysis of electric vehicles in the smart grid Romain Couillet1, Samir Medina electrical vehicles (EV) or electrical hybrid oil-electricity vehicles (PHEV) in the smart grid energy market to the smart grid and sell their energy surpluses, when needed. It is therefore an important economical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

135

Localization of electric field distribution in graded core-shell metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The local electric field distribution has been investigated in a core-shell cylindrical metamaterial structure under the illumination of a uniform incident optical field. The structure consists of a homogeneous dielectric core, a shell of graded metal-dielectric metamaterial, embedded in a uniform matrix. In the quasi-static limit, the permittivity of the metamaterial is given by the graded Drude model. The local electric potentials and hence the electric fields have been derived exactly and analytically in terms of hyper-geometric functions. Our results showed that the peak of the electric field inside the cylindrical shell can be confined in a desired position by varying the frequency of the optical field and the parameters of the graded profiles. Thus, by fabricating graded metamaterials, it is possible to control electric field distribution spatially. We offer an intuitive explanation for the gradation-controlled electric field distribution.

Wei, En-Bo; 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.046607

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Field Operations Program Neighborhood Electric Vehicles - Fleet Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes a study of 15 automotive fleets that operate neighborhood electric vehicles(NEVs) in the United States. The information was obtained to help Field Operations Program personnel understand how NEVs are being used, how many miles they are being driven, and if they are being used to replace other types of fleet vehicles or as additions to fleets. (The Field Operations Program is a U.S. Department of Energy Program within the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Transportation Technologies). The NEVs contribution to petroleum avoidance and cleaner air can be estimated based on the miles driven and by assuming gasoline use and air emissions values for the vehicles being replaced. Gasoline and emissions data for a Honda Civic are used as the Civic has the best fuel use for a gasoline-powered vehicle and very clean emissions. Based on these conservation assumptions, the 348 NEVs are being driven a total of about 1.2 million miles per year. This equates to an average of 3,409 miles per NEV annually or 9 miles per day. It is estimated that 29,195 gallons of petroleum use is avoided annually by the 348 NEVs. This equates to 87 gallons of petroleum use avoided per NEV, per year. Using the 348 NEVs avoids the generation of at least 775 pounds of smog- forming emissions annually.

Francfort, James Edward; Carroll, M.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Field Operations Program - Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Fleet Use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes a study of 15 automotive fleets that operate neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs) in the United States. The information was obtained to help Field Operations Program personnel understand how NEVs are being used, how many miles they are being driven, and if they are being used to replace other types of fleet vehicles or as additions to fleets. (The Field Operations Program is a U.S. Department of Energy Program within the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Transportation Technologies). The NEVs contribution to petroleum avoidance and cleaner air can be estimated based on the miles driven and by assuming gasoline use and air emissions values for the vehicles being replaced. Gasoline and emissions data for a Honda Civic are used as the Civic has the best fuel use for a gasoline-powered vehicle and very clean emissions. Based on these conservation assumptions, the 348 NEVs are being driven a total of about 1.2 million miles per year. This equates to an average of 3,409 miles per NEV annually or 9 miles per day. It is estimated that 29,195 gallons of petroleum use is avoided annually by the 348 NEVs. This equates to 87 gallons of petroleum use avoided per NEV, per year. Using the 348 NEVs avoids the generation of at least 775 pounds of smog-forming emissions annually.

Francfort, J. E.; Carroll, M. R.

2001-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

138

Semiconductors and the Built-In Electric Field for Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

To separate electrical charges, crystalline silicon cells must have a built-in electric field. Light shining on crystalline silicon may free electrons within the crystal lattice, but for these...

139

A neural network-based estimation of electric fields along high voltage insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a two-dimensional (2D) electric fields estimation program to calculate the field distribution along the leakage distance of an insulator under polluted conditions using artificial neural network (ANN). A fog type suspension insulator ... Keywords: Electric fields, Insulator, Neural networks, Pollution

Zafer Aydogmus

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Contributions to the cross shock electric field at a quasiperpendicular collisionless shock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contributions to the cross shock electric field at a quasiperpendicular collisionless shock J. P of a supercritical (Mms = 5.2), quasiperpendicular (qBn = 70°) collisionless shock is examined using Cluster four-spacecraft observations of the terrestrial bow shock. Comparing the observed electric field with magnetic field and plasma

California at Berkeley, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Resonant enhancement of ultracold photoassociation rate by electric field induced anisotropic interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of a static electric field on the photoassociation of a heteronuclear atom-pair into a polar molecule. The interaction of permanent dipole moment with a static electric field largely affects the ground state continuum wave function of the atom-pair at short separations where photoassociation transitions occur according to Franck-Condon principle. Electric field induced anisotropic interaction between two heteronuclear ground state atoms leads to scattering resonances at some specific electric fields. Near such resonances the amplitude of scattering wave function at short separation increases by several orders of magnitude. As a result, photoaasociation rate is enhanced by several orders of magnitude near the resonances. We discuss in detail electric field modified atom-atom scattering properties and resonances. We calculate photoassociation rate that shows giant enhancement due to electric field tunable anisotropic resonances. We present selected results among which particularly important...

Chakraborty, Debashree; Deb, Bimalendu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electric power high-voltage transmission lines: Design options, cost, and electric and magnetic field levels  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information about (1) the electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) of high-voltage transmission lines at typical voltages and line configurations and (2) typical transmission line costs to assist on alternatives in environmental documents. EMF strengths at 0 {+-} 200 ft from centerline were calculated for ac overhead lines, and for 345 and 230-kV ac underground line and for a {+-}450-kV dc overhead line. Compacting and height sensitivity factors were computed for the variation in EMFs when line conductors are moved closer or raised. Estimated costs for the lines are presented and discussed so that the impact of using alternative strategies for reducing EMF strengths and the implications of implementing the strategies can be better appreciated.

Stoffel, J.B.; Pentecost, E.D.; Roman, R.D.; Traczyk, P.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Kerr electro-optic measurements for electric field and space charge distributions using similar and dissimilar electrode pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electrical breakdown strength of insulating materials is a major limiting factor of reliability in electric power, medical devices, and other high electric field applications. Electrical breakdown strength increase ...

Nowocin, John Kendall

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Flexible gas insulated transmission line having regions of reduced electric field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line having radially flexible field control means for reducing the electric field along the periphery of the inner conductor at predetermined locations wherein the support insulators are located. The radially flexible field control means of the invention includes several structural variations of the inner conductor, wherein careful controlling of the length to depth of surface depressions produces regions of reduced electric field. Several embodiments of the invention dispose a flexible connector at the predetermined location along the inner conductor where the surface depressions that control the reduced electric field are located.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fischer, William H. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA); Yoon, Kue H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Meyer, Jeffry R. (Penn Hills Township, Allegheny County, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Reversible shear thickening at low shear rates of electrorheological fluids under electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear thickening is a phenomenon of significant viscosity increase of colloidal suspensions. While electrorheological (ER) fluids can be turned into a solid-like material by applying an electric field, their shear strength is widely represented by the attractive electrostatic interaction between ER particles. By shearing ER fluids between two concentric cylinders, we show a reversible shear thickening of ER fluids above a low critical shear rate (electric field strength (>100 V/mm), which could be characterized by a modified Mason number. Shear thickening and electrostatic particle interaction-induced inter-particle friction forces is considered to be the real origin of the high shear strength of ER fluids, while the applied electric field controls the extent of shear thickening. The electric field-controlled reversible shear thickening has implications for high-performance ER/magnetorheological (MR) fluid design, clutch fluids with high friction forces triggered by applying local electric field, other field-responsive materials and intelligent systems.

Yu Tian; Minliang Zhang; Jile Jiang; Noshir Pesika; Hongbo Zeng; Jacob Israelachvili; Yonggang Meng; Shizhu Wen

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

146

Electron-Positron Pair Production in Space- or Time-Dependent Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treating the production of electron and positron pairs by a strong electric field from the vacuum as a quantum tunneling process we derive, in semiclassical approximation, a general expression for the pair production rate in a $z$-dependent electric field $E(z)$ pointing in the $z$-direction. We also allow for a smoothly varying magnetic field parallel to $E(z)$. The result is applied to a confined field $E(z)\

Kleinert, Hagen; Xue, She-Sheng

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Electron-Positron Pair Production in Space- or Time-Dependent Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treating the production of electron and positron pairs by a strong electric field from the vacuum as a quantum tunneling process we derive, in semiclassical approximation, a general expression for the pair production rate in a $z$-dependent electric field $E(z)$ pointing in the $z$-direction. We also allow for a smoothly varying magnetic field parallel to $E(z)$. The result is applied to a confined field $E(z)\

Hagen Kleinert; Remo Ruffini; She-Sheng Xue

2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

148

Multi-Phenomena Modeling of Electric Field Assisted Sintering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous modeling efforts on FAST have only considered the thermal-electric aspect of the problem and have neglected sintering. A new computational...

149

Energy Basics: Semiconductors and the Built-In Electric Field...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

optimizing these characteristics, the PV cell's conversion efficiency (how much light energy is converted into electrical energy) is improved. More Information Learn more about...

150

Large parallel and perpendicular electric fields on electron spatial scales in the terrestrial bow shock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large parallel ($\\leq$ 100 mV/m) and perpendicular ($\\leq$ 600 mV/m) electric fields were measured in the Earth's bow shock by the vector electric field experiment on the Polar satellite. These are the first reported direct measurements of parallel electric fields in a collisionless shock. These fields exist on spatial scales comparable to or less than the electron skin depth (a few kilometers) and correspond to magnetic field-aligned potentials of tens of volts and perpendicular potentials up to a kilovolt. The perpendicular fields are amongst the largest ever measured in space, with energy densities of $\\epsilon_0 E^2/ n k_b T_e$ of order 10%. The measured parallel electric field implies that the electrons can be demagnetized, which may result in stochastic (rather than coherent) electron heating.

S. D. Bale; F. S. Mozer

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

Spin relaxation and linear-in-electric-field frequency shift in an arbitrary, time-independent magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented to calculate the spin relaxation times T{sub 1}, T{sub 2} due to a nonuniform magnetic field, and the linear-in-electric-field precession frequency shift {delta}{omega}{sub E} when an electric field is present, in the diffusion approximation for spins confined to a rectangular cell. It is found that the rectangular cell geometry admits of a general result for T{sub 1}, T{sub 2}, and {delta}{omega}{sub E} in terms of the spatial cosine-transform components of the magnetic field.

Clayton, Steven Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

152

Surface area generation and droplet size control in solvent extraction systems utilizing high intensity electric fields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for solvent extraction where droplets are shattered by a high intensity electric field. These shattered droplets form a plurality of smaller droplets which have a greater combined surface area than the original droplet. Dispersion, coalescence and phase separation are accomplished in one vessel through the use of the single pulsing high intensity electric field. Electric field conditions are chosen so that simultaneous dispersion and coalescence are taking place in the emulsion formed in the electric field. The electric field creates a large amount of interfacial surface area for solvent extraction when the droplet is disintegrated and is capable of controlling droplet size and thus droplet stability. These operations take place in the presence of a counter current flow of the continuous phase.

Scott, Timothy C. (Knoxville, TN); Wham, Robert M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

TVA's 500-kV electric and magnetic fields: measurements and analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of the 500-kV electric and magnetic fields data project, performed by the Electrical Systems Group of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The objectives of the project were to measure, record, and analyze electric and magnetic fields in the vicintiy of TVA's 500-kV transmission lines. Also the effects of transmission line fields on the growth and development of selected agricultural and forest plant species were to be investigated. This report contains only the categorization and the statistical analysis of the fields data.

Not Available

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Field Operations Program Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vehicle. Unlike electric vehicles, where a kilowatt- hour meter can accurately measure energy flows, the energy use of a Prius type of HEV (non-grid connected) is determined by...

155

Quantitative experiments in electric and fluid flow field mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system employing a voltage probe attached to an XY recorder is used to sample the electrical potential over a grid of points on conducting paper. Using commercial plotting software

Richard A. Young

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy spectrum of the electrons accelerated by reconnection electric field: exponential or power-law?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However, in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test particle simulations of electron acceleration in reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of the reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that t...

Liu, W J; Ding, M D; Fang, C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure Levels (0 to 3 GHz) in Occupational Environments near Photovoltaic Energy Generation Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric and magnetic field levels associated with photovoltaic energy generation facilities were measured and characterized in this study. This evaluation included the measurement of static (direct current [DC]) magnetic fields, power-frequency alternating current (AC) electric and magnetic fields (up to 3,000 Hz), and radio-frequency (RF) electric and magnetic fields (up to 3,000 MHz) at two electric utility solar generation facilities.The major sources of DC magnetic fields within a ...

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Holographic description of the Schwinger effect in electric and magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a generalization of the holographic Schwinger effect proposed by Semenoff and Zarembo to the case with constant electric and magnetic fields. There are two ways to turn on magnetic fields, i) the probe D3-brane picture and ii) the string world-sheet picture. In the former picture, magnetic fields both perpendicular and parallel to the electric field are activated by a Lorentz transformation and a spatial rotation. In the latter one, the classical solutions of the string world-sheet corresponding to circular Wilson loops are generalized to contain two additional parameters encoding the presence of magnetic fields.

Yoshiki Sato; Kentaroh Yoshida

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Controlling the fluid-fluid mixing-demixing phase transition with electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent theoretical advances on controlling the fluid-fluid phase transition with electric fields. Using a mean-field approach, we compare the effects of uniform versus non-uniform electric fields, and show how non-uniform fields are better at altering the phase diagram. Focusing on non-uniform fields, we then discuss the behavior of the fluid concentration profile and the parameters (temperature, fluid concentration, etc.) that control the location of the fluid-fluid interface from both equilibrium and dynamic perspectives.

Jennifer Galanis; Sela Samin; Yoav Tsori

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

160

Pressure and electric field effects on piezoelectric responses of KNbO3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dielectric and piezoelectric properties of a KNbO3 single crystal under applied hydrostatic pressure and positive bias electric field are investigated using phenomenological Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire (LGD) thermodynamic theory. It is shown that the hydrostatic pressure effect on the dielectric and piezoelectric properties is similar to temperature, suggesting a common underlying mechanism for the piezoelectric anisotropy and its enhancement. The stable phase diagram of KNbO3 as a function of temperature and positive bias electric field is constructed. The maximum piezoelectric coefficient d33o* varying with temperature and electric field is calculated.

Liang, Linyun; Li, Yulan; Xue, Fei; Chen , L.Q.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Effect of Sub-Bandgap Illumination on the Internal Electric Field of CdZnTe  

SciTech Connect

Post-growth manipulation of the internal electric field in CdZnTe crystals using sub-bandgap illumination is measured as a function of temperature through infrared (IR) transmission measurements. Using near sub-bandgap IR illumination, both the optical de-trapping of charge carriers and the reduction in carrier recombination increased the mobility lifetime in the crystal. The increased carrier transport is a direct result of decreased hole and electron trapping in addition to other underlying mechanisms. Concentration of the electric field near the cathode is also observed. We measured the electric field distribution with sub-bandgap illumination as a function of temperature via the Pockels effect.

Washington, A.

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

Room-temperature electric-field controlled spin dynamics in ,,110... InAs quantum wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Room-temperature electric-field controlled spin dynamics in ,,110... InAs quantum wells K. C. Halla pseudomagnetic fields exceeding 1 T when only 140 mV is applied across a single quantum well. Using this large­11 and the influence of the Rashba pseudomagnetic fields on the electron spin relaxation time in GaAs quantum wells

Flatte, Michael E.

163

Analysis of magnetic fields produced far from electric power lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors develop a simple and general method for analyzing the magnetic fields produced by power lines at far distances, that is, at distances large in comparison to the spacing between the line's phase conductors. Magnetic fields produced far from conventional power lines have remarkably simple properties. The authors present formulae for the fields produced by various conventional and unconventional power line configurations; included are line designs characterized by reduced magnetic-field levels. Errors in the formulae are less than [plus minus]10% at the edge of a typical transmission right-of-way.

Kaune, W.T. (Enertech Consultants Campbell, CA (United States)); Zaffanella, L.E. (High Voltage Transmission Research Center, Lenox, MA (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Destabilization of drift waves by a nonuniform radial electric field  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that drift waves can be destabilized in the presence of a nonuniform electrostatic field. This may explain the anomalous diffusion observed in tokamaks.

El-Nadi, A.; Hassan, H.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Modeling the electrical field created by mass neural activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gamma oscillations of large scale electrical activity are used in electrophysiological studies as markers for neural activity and functional processes in the cortex, yet the nature of this mass neural phenomenon and its relation to the evoked response ... Keywords: ECoG, ERD, Gamma oscillations, Simulation

Eran Privman; Rafael Malach; Yehezkel Yeshurun

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Determination of electric field, magnetic field, and electric current distributions of infrared optical antennas: A nano-optical vector network analyzer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In addition to the electric field E(r), the associated magnetic field H(r) and current density J(r) characterize any electromagnetic device, providing insight into antenna coupling and mutual impedance. We demonstrate the optical analogue of the radio frequency vector network analyzer implemented in interferometric homodyne scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM) for obtaining E(r), H(r), and J(r). The approach is generally applicable and demonstrated for the case of a linear coupled-dipole antenna in the mid-infrared. The determination of the underlying 3D vector electric near-field distribution E(r) with nanometer spatial resolution and full phase and amplitude information is enabled by the design of probe tips with selectivity with respect to E-parallel and E-perpendicular fabricated by focused ion-beam milling and nano-CVD.

Olmon, Robert L; Krenz, Peter M; Lail, Brian A; Saraf, Laxmikant V; Boreman, Glenn D; Raschke, Markus B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Monthly Diurnal Global Atmospheric Circuit Estimates Derived from Vostok Electric Field Measurements Adjusted for Local Meteorological and Solar Wind Influences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local temperature, wind speed, pressure, and solar windimposed influences on the vertical electric field observed at Vostok, Antarctica, are evaluated by multivariate analysis. Local meteorology can influence electric field measurements via local ...

G. B. Burns; B. A. Tinsley; A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky; O. A. Troshichev; W. J. R. French; A. R. Klekociuk

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Electrical Vehicles in the Smart Grid: A Mean Field Game Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we investigate the competitive interaction between electrical vehicles or hybrid oil-electricity vehicles in a Cournot market consisting of electricity transactions to or from an underlying electricity distribution network. We provide a mean field game formulation for this competition, and introduce the set of fundamental differential equations ruling the behavior of the vehicles at the system equilibrium, namely the mean field equilibrium. This framework allows for a consistent analysis of the evolution of the sale-and-purchase price of electricity as well as of the instantaneous total demand. Simulations precisely quantify those parameters and suggest that following the charge and discharge policy at the equilibrium allows for a significant reduction of the daily electricity peak demand.

Couillet, Romain; Tembine, Hamidou; Debbah, Merouane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

FRAME DEPENDENCE OF THE ELECTRIC FIELD SPECTRUM OF SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first survey of electric field data using the ARTEMIS spacecraft in the solar wind to study inertial range turbulence. It was found that the average perpendicular spectral index of the electric field depends on the frame of measurement. In the spacecraft frame it is -5/3, which matches the magnetic field due to the large solar wind speed in Lorentz transformation. In the mean solar wind frame, the electric field is primarily due to the perpendicular velocity fluctuations and has a spectral index slightly shallower than -3/2, which is close to the scaling of the velocity. These results are an independent confirmation of the difference in scaling between the velocity and magnetic field, which is not currently well understood. The spectral index of the compressive fluctuations was also measured and found to be close to -5/3, suggesting that they are not only passive to the velocity but may also interact nonlinearly with the magnetic field.

Chen, C. H. K.; Bale, S. D.; Salem, C.; Mozer, F. S., E-mail: chen@ssl.berkeley.edu [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its potential applications for energy storage, charge storage and power supplies. Friday, May 27, 2011 - 4:00pm SSRL Conference Room 137-226 Alfred Hubler, Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign We study tunnel currents and electric break down in vacuum gaps experimentally and theoretically. We find that electric field at break down in nano vacuum gaps is 3 order of magnitude larger than in macroscopic capacitors. Pointed electrodes increase the limiting field even further. Eigen states in the gap can help to reduce tunnel currents. We discuss applications of this technology for energy storage, charge storage, and power supplies. Speaker Bio: Professor Alfred Hubler is the director of the Center for

171

Finite-geometry models of electric field noise from patch potentials in ion traps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model electric field noise from fluctuating patch potentials on conducting surfaces by taking into account the finite geometry of the ion trap electrodes to gain insight into the origin of anomalous heating in ion traps. ...

Low, Guang Hao

172

Simulation and visualization of fields and energy flows in electric circuits with idealized geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a method to simulate and visualize the fields and energy flows in electric circuits, using a simplified physical model based on an idealized geometry. The physical models combine and extend previously ...

Ohannessian, Mesrob I., 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Distributional Borel Summability for Vacuum Polarization by an External Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is proved that the divergent perturbation expansion for the vacuum polarization by an external constant electric field in the pair production sector is Borel summable in the distributional sense.

Emanuela Caliceti

2002-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

174

A two-phase spherical electric machine for generating rotating uniform magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design and construction of a novel two-phase spherical electric machine that generates rotating uniform magnetic fields, known as a fluxball machine. Alternative methods for producing uniform ...

Lawler, Clinton T. (Clinton Thomas)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Observed Enhancement of Reflectivity and the Electric Field in Long-Lived Florida Anvils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of two long-lived Florida anvils showed that reflectivity >20 dBZ increased in area, thickness, and sometimes magnitude at the midlevel well downstream of the convective cores. In these same regions electric fields maintained strengths >...

James E. Dye; John C. Willett

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

On magnetic-field-induced dissipationless electric current in helicoidal graphene nanoribbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that twisted (helicoidal) graphene nanoribbons may support dissipationless electric current in the presence of static uniform magnetic field. The non-resistive charge transfer in this parity-odd system should be enhanced by thermal fluctuations.

M. N. Chernodub

2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

177

Ex Vivo and In Silico Feasibility Study of Monitoring Electric Field Distribution in Tissue during Electroporation Based Treatments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) was recently proposed for determining electric field distribution during electroporation in which cell membrane permeability is temporary increased by application of an external high electric field. The method was already successfully applied for reconstruction of electric field distribution in agar phantoms. Before the next step towards in vivo experiments is taken, monitoring of electric field distribution during electroporation of ex vivo tissue ex vivo and feasibility for its use in electroporation based treatments needed to be evaluated. Sequences of high voltage pulses were applied to chicken liver tissue in order to expose it to electric field which was measured by means of MREIT. MREIT was also evaluated for its use in electroporation based treatments by calculating electric field distribution for two regions, the tumor and the tumor-liver region, in a numerical model based on data obtained from clinical study on electrochemotherapy treatment of deep-seated tumors. Electric field distribution inside tissue was successfully measured ex vivo using MREIT and significant changes of tissue electrical conductivity were observed in the region of the highest electric field. A good agreement was obtained between the electric field distribution obtained by MREIT and the actual electric field distribution in evaluated regions of a numerical model, suggesting that implementation of MREIT could thus enable efficient detection of areas with insufficient electric field coverage during

Matej Kranjc; Franci Bajd; Igor Sersa; Eung Je Woo; Damijan Miklavcic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Electrical Vehicles in the Smart Grid: A Mean Field Game Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Electrical Vehicles in the Smart Grid: A Mean Field Game Analysis Romain Couillet, Samir M that a way to improve reliability is to allow EV and PHEV to buy and sell energy to or from the smart grid) have been recognized as natural components of future electricity distribution networks, known as smart

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

179

Electric field measurement in microwave discharge ion thruster with electro-optic probe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to understand the internal phenomena in a microwave discharge ion thruster, it is important to measure the distribution of the microwave electric field inside the discharge chamber, which is directly related to the plasma production. In this study, we proposed a novel method of measuring a microwave electric field with an electro-optic (EO) probe based on the Pockels effect. The probe, including a cooling system, contains no metal and can be accessed in the discharge chamber with less disruption to the microwave distribution. This method enables measurement of the electric field profile under ion beam acceleration. We first verified the measurement with the EO probe by a comparison with a finite-difference time domain numerical simulation of the microwave electric field in atmosphere. Second, we showed that the deviations of the reflected microwave power and the beam current were less than 8% due to inserting the EO probe into the ion thruster under ion beam acceleration. Finally, we successfully demonstrated the measurement of the electric-field profile in the ion thruster under ion beam acceleration. These measurements show that the electric field distribution in the thruster dramatically changes in the ion thruster under ion beam acceleration as the propellant mass flow rate increases. These results indicate that this new method using an EO probe can provide a useful guide for improving the propulsion of microwave discharge ion thrusters.

Ise, Toshiyuki; Tsukizaki, Ryudo; Koizumi, Hiroyuki [The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Togo, Hiroyoshi [Microsystem Integration Laboratories, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Morinosato, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan); Kuninaka, Hitoshi [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Energy Conservation and Efficiency Improvement for the Electric Motors Operating in U.S. Oil Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of its versatility, electricity consumption continues to grow all over the world more rapidly than any other energy form. The portion of the United States' primary energy supply used as electricity has expanded from near zero at the turn of the century to 38 percent in 1987. Electric motors use as input about 64% of all electricity in the U.S. and many other countries. The cost of powering motors in the U.S. is estimated to be roughly $90 billion a year. In terms of primary energy input, motor energy use in the U.S. is comparable to all auto energy use. Electric motors are the largest users of energy in all mineral extraction activities. In oil fields, electric motors drive the pumping units used for lifting the oil and water to the surface. To find out actual efficiencies of operating motors in the oil fields, the University of Wyoming and the U.S. Department of Energy -Denver Support Office have been working for the last twelve months on two Naval Petroleum Reserve oil fields -one each in California and Wyoming. So far, actual motor loading of all operating oil fields motors has been determined by actual field measurements. We have also completed the analysis of economy of operation of existing motors and evaluating the candidate replacement motors. In this paper, we will present these results along with the methodologies and protocol developed for motor energy efficiency improvement in oil field applications.

Ula, S.; Cain, W.; Nichols, T.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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181

Energy Spectrum of the Electrons Accelerated by a Reconnection Electric Field: Exponential or Power Law?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test-particle simulations of electron acceleration in a reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that the DC electric field alone might not be able to reproduce the observed single or double power-law distributions.

W. J. Liu; P. F. Chen; M. D. Ding; C. Fang

2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

182

Long-term drifts of stray electric fields in a Paul trap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the evolution of quasi-static stray electric fields in a linear Paul trap over a period of several months. Depending on how these electric fields are initially induced we observe very different time scales for the field drifts. Photo-induced electric fields decay on time scales of days. We interpret this as photo-electrically generated charges on insulating materials which decay via discharge currents. In contrast, stray fields due to the exposure of the ion trap to a beam of Ba atoms mainly exhibit slow dynamics on the order of months. We explain this observation as a consequence of a coating of the trap electrodes by the atomic beam. This may lead to contact potentials which can slowly drift over time due to atomic diffusion and chemical processes on the surface. In order not to perturb the field evolutions, we suppress the generation of additional charges and atomic coatings in the Paul trap during the measurements. For this, we shield the ion trap from ambient light and only allow the use of near-infrared lasers. Furthermore, we minimize the flux of atoms into the ion trap chamber. Long-term operation of our shielded trap led us to a regime of very low residual electric field drifts of less than 0.03 V/m per day.

Arne Hrter; Artjom Krkow; Andreas Brunner; Johannes Hecker Denschlag

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric field in hard superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current field E x during magnetic flux entry in superconductors with arbitrary cross section and general critical current law, has been evaluated by integration along the vortex penetration paths. Nontrivial flux

Majós, Antonio Badía

184

Exposure to Residential Electric and Magnetic Fields and Risk of Childhood Leukemia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project explored the possible association between electric and magnetic fields (EMF), wire codes, and childhood leukemia. In general, the project confirmed an association between wire codes and childhood leukemia but failed to identify magnetic fields as the explanation for the observed pattern of results.

1995-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

185

Comparison of the Theoretical Collision Efficiency of Uncharged Cloud Droplets in Horizontal and Vertical Electric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The collision efficiency of two unchanged droplet pairs with radii combinations of (10; 9) ?m and (10; 2) ?m was computed for horizontal and vertical background electric fields ranging from 300 V m?1 to 300 kV?1. For horizontal fields, the ...

Roland List; E. Freire

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Electron-Positron Pair Production in Structured Pulses of Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-perturbative electron-positron pair production in time-dependent electric fields is investigated. The quantum kinetic formalism is employed in order to calculate the electron density for various field configurations. The corresponding set of first order, ordinary differential equations is analyzed and numerically solved. The focus of this study lies on the dynamically assisted Schwinger effect in pulsed electric fields with at least two different time scales. Furthermore, interference effects arising in setups with multiple pulses are examined and first results for an optimization of the particle number yield by pulse-shaping are given.

Christian Kohlfrst

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

187

Free Energy Barrier for Electric Field Driven Polymer Entry into Nanoscale Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free energy barrier for entry of a charged polymer into a nanoscale channel by a driving electric field is studied theoretically and using molecular dynamics simulations. Dependence of the barrier height on the polymer length, the driving field strength, and the channel entrance geometry is investigated. Squeezing effect of the electric field on the polymer before its entry to the channel is taken into account. It is shown that lateral confinement of the polymer prior to its entry changes the polymer length dependence of the barrier height noticeably. Our theory and simulation results are in good agreement and reasonably describe related experimental data.

Narges Nikoofard; Hossein Fazli

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

188

Electric field screening by a proton counterflow in the pulsar polar cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new mechanism to screen the electric field in the pulsar polar cap. Previous studies have shown that if an electron beam from the stellar surface is accelerated to energies high enough to create electron-positron pairs, the required electric field parallel to the magnetic field lines is too strong to be screened out by the produced pairs. We argue here that if non-relativistic protons are supplied from the magnetosphere to flow towards the stellar surface, they can provide an anode to screen out such a strong electric field. Injected electron-positron pairs yield an asymmetry of the electrostatic potential around the screening point. The required pair creation rate in this model is consistent with the conventional models.

Katsuaki Asano; Fumio Takahara

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

189

Dynamics of the fast component of nano-confined water under electric field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the diffusion of water molecules confined in the pores of folded silica materials (FSM-12 with average pore diameter of $\\sim$ 16 \\AA), measured by means of quasielastic neutron scattering using the cold neutron chopper spectrometer (CNCS). The goal is to investigate the effect of electric field on the previously observed fast component of nano-confined water. The measurements were taken at temperatures between 220 K and 245 K, and at two electric field values, 0 kV/mm and 2 kV/mm. Similar to the recently observed electric field induced enhancement of the slow translational motion of confined water, there is a an equally important impact of the field on the faster diffusion.

Omar Diallo, Souleymane [ORNL; Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Podlesnyak, Andrey A [ORNL; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Wada, Nobuo [Nagoya University, Japan; Inagaki, S [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc.; Fukushima, Y [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Dynamics of the fast component of nano-confined water under electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the diffusion of water molecules confined in the pores of folded silica materials (FSM-12 with average pore diameter of $\\sim$ 16 \\AA), measured by means of quasielastic neutron scattering using the cold neutron chopper spectrometer (CNCS). The goal is to investigate the effect of electric field on the previously observed fast component of nano-confined water. The measurements were taken at temperatures between 220 K and 245 K, and at two electric field values, 0 kV/mm and 2 kV/mm. Similar to the recently observed electric field induced enhancement of the slow translational motion of confined water, there is a an equally important impact of the field on the faster diffusion.

S. O. Diallo; E. Mamontov; A. Podlesnyak; G. Ehlers; N. Wada; S. Inagaki; Y. Fukushima

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

Traveling-wave tubes and backward-wave oscillators with weak external magnetic fields T. M. Abu-elfadl, G. S. Nusinovich, A. G. Shkvarunets, Y. Carmel, and T. M. Antonsen, Jr.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 D. Goebel Boeing EDD electrons and the axial electric field of the wave. Applying such a strong magnetic field requires heavy

Nusinovich, Gregory S.

192

Block Copolymers in Electric Fields: A Comparison of Single-Mode and Self-Consistent Field Approximations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare two theoretical approaches to dielectric diblock copolymer melts in an external electric field. The first is a relatively simple analytic expansion in the relative copolymer concentration, and includes the full electrostatic contribution consistent with that expansion. It is valid close to the order-disorder transition point, the weak segregation limit. The second employs self-consistent field (SCF) theory and includes the full electrostatic contribution to the free energy at any copolymer segregation. It is more accurate but computationally more intensive. Motivated by recent experiments, we explore a section of the phase diagram in the three-dimensional parameter space of the block architecture, the interaction parameter and the external electric field. The relative stability of the lamellar, hexagonal and distorted body-centered-cubic (bcc) phases is compared within the two models. As function of an increasing electric field, the distorted bcc region in the phase diagram shrinks and disappears above a triple point, at which the lamellar, hexagonal and distorted bcc phases coexist. We examine the deformation of the bcc phase under the influence of the external field. While the elongation of the spheres is larger in the one-mode expansion than that predicted by the full SCF theory, the general features of the schemes are in satisfactory agreement. This indicates the general utility of the simple theory for exploratory calculations.

Yoav Tsori; David Andelman; Chin-Yet Lin; M. Schick

2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

Electric Field Induced Rotation of Polymer Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Flakes: Mechanisms and Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric fields can induce motion of polymer cholesteric liquid crystal (pCLC) flakes suspended in a fluid medium. The platelet-shaped pCLC flakes with a Grandjean texture show strong selective reflection when lying flat in the plane of a conventional cell. As their orientation with respect to normally incident light changes, their selective reflection color shifts toward the blue and diminishes until the flakes are no longer easily visible beyond 7-12{sup o} of rotation. Reproducibility and control of motion has been observed in moderately conductive host fluid. Flakes in such hosts do not respond to a DC electric field, but they rotate 90{sup o} in an AC field within a given frequency band. The response times and frequency regions for motion depend partially on the field magnitude, the dielectric properties of the host fluid and the flake geometry. We observe flakes reorienting in less than 500 ms in an electric field of 0.17 Vrms/mm, while subsecond reorientation is seen in fields as low as 5 x 10-2 Vrms/mm. This response time is comparable with typical electronic-paper applications, but with a significantly lower electric field. Displays using pCLC flakes would not require backlighting, sheet polarizers, color filters or alignment layers. Numerous additional applications for pCLC flakes are envisioned, including filters, polarizers, and spatial light modulators.

Kosc, T. Z.; Marshall, K. L.; Jacobs, S. D.; Lambropoulous, J. C.

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Retrieving Storm Electric Fields from Aircraft Field Mill Data. Part II: Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lagrange multiplier theory developed in Part I of this study is applied to complete a relative calibration of a Citation aircraft that is instrumented with six field mill sensors. When side constraints related to average fields are used, the ...

W. J. Koshak; D. M. Mach; H. J. Christian; M. F. Stewart; M. G. Bateman

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Electric dipole moment searches: Effect of linear electric field frequency shifts induced in confined gases, II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The next generation of particle edm searches will be at such a high sensitivity that it will be possible for the results to be contaminated by a systematic error resulting from the interaction of the motional (E x v/c) magnetic field with stray field gradients. In this paper we extend previous work to present an analytic form for the frequency shift in the case of a rectangular storage vessel and discuss the implications of the result for the neutron edm experiment which will be installed at the SNS (Spallation Neutron Source) by the LANL collaboration

R. Golub; C. M. Swank; S. K. Lamoreaux

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

196

Calculation methods and detection techniques for electric and magnetic fields from power lines with measurement verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An accurate determination and characterization of electric and magnetic fields produced by power lines is a complex task. Different models must be used for far fields and for near fields. This study is centered on computation and measurement aspects of extremely low frequency magnetic fields in the direct proximity of the conductors of power lines, situated well above the ground level. Conventional approximation of a sagged wire as a straight horizontal conductor of infinite length has been substituted with a periodical catenary model of the conductors A series of measurements performed with all electric utility bucket truck provide unique magnetic field data very close to the conductors. A conceptual design of a power line proximity detector is proposed as a result of these studies.

Mamishev, Alexander V

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

ac electric-field-induced resonant energy transfer between cold Rydberg atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An oscillating electric field at 1.356 GHz was used to promote the resonant energy transfer process: $43d_{5/2}+43d_{5/2} \\to 45p_{3/2}+41f$ between translationally cold $^{85}$Rb Rydberg atoms. The ac Stark shifts due to this dressing field created degeneracies between the initial and final two-atom states of this process. The ac field strength was scanned to collect spectra which are analogous to dc electric-field-induced resonant energy transfer spectra. Different resonances were observed for different magnetic sublevels involved in the process. Compared to earlier work performed at higher frequencies, the choice of dressing frequency and structure of the spectra may be intuitively understood, by analogy with the dc field case.

Petrus, J A; Martin, J D D; 10.1088/0953-4075/41/24/245001

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Internal Electric Field Behavior of Cadmium Zinc Telluride Radiation Detectors Under High Carrier Injection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of the internal electric-field of nuclear-radiation detectors substantially affects the detector's performance. We investigated the distribution of the internal field in cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detectors under high carrier injection. We noted the build-up of a space charge region near the cathode that produces a built-in field opposing the applied field. Its presence entails the collapse of the electric field in the rest of detector, other than the portion near the cathode. Such a space-charge region originates from serious hole-trapping in CZT. The device's operating temperature greatly affects the width of the space-charge region. With increasing temperature from 5 C to 35 C, its width expanded from about 1/6 to 1/2 of the total depth of the detector.

Yang, G.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Camarda, G.S.; Cui, Y.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.H.; Gul, R.; and James, R.B.

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

199

Creation of quasiparticles in graphene by a time-dependent electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the creation of massless quasiparticle pairs from the vacuum state in graphene by the space homogeneous time-dependent electric field. For this purpose the formalism of (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics is applied to the case of a nonstationary background with arbitrary time dependence allowing the S-matrix formulation of the problem. The number of created pairs per unit graphene area is expressed via the asymptotic solution at $t\\to\\infty$ of the second-order differential equation of an oscillator type with complex frequency satisfying some initial conditions at $t\\to-\\infty$. The obtained results are applied to the electric field with specific dependence on time admitting the exact solution of Dirac equation. The number of created pairs per unit area is calculated analytically in a wide variety of different regimes depending on the parameters of electric field. The investigated earlier case of static electric field is reproduced as a particular case of our formalism. It is shown that the creation rate in a time-dependent field is often larger than in a static field.

G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

200

Interaction of biological systems with static and ELF electric and magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although background levels of atmospheric electric and geomagnetic field levels are extremely low, over the past several decades, human beings and other life forms on this planet have been subjected to a dramatically changing electromagnetic milieu. An exponential increase in exposure to electromagnetic fields has occurred, largely because of such technological advances as the growth of electrical power generation and transmission systems, the increased use of wireless communications, and the use of radar. In addition, electromagnetic field generating devices have proliferated in industrial plants, office buildings, homes, public transportation systems, and elsewhere. Although significant increases have occurred in electromagnetic field strenghths spanning all frequency ranges, this symposium addresses only the impact of these fields at static and extremely low frequencies (ELF), primarily 50 and 60 Hz. This volume contains the proceedings of the symposium entitled /open quotes/Interaction of biological systems with static and ELF electric and magnetic fields/close quotes/. The purpose of the symposium was to provide a forum for discussions of all aspects of research on the interaction of static and ELF electromagnetic fields with biological systems. These systems include simple biophysical models, cell and organ preparations, whole animals, and man. Dosimetry, exposure system design, and artifacts in ELF bioeffects research were also addressed, along with current investigations that examine fundamental mechanisms of interactions between the fields and biological processes. Papers are indexed separately.

Anderson, L.E.; Kelman, B.J.; Weigel, R.J. (eds.)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Comparison of coupling of humans to electric and magnetic fields with frequencies between 100 Hz and 100 kHz  

SciTech Connect

Recent laboratory and epidemiological results have stimulated interest in the hypothesis that human beings may exhibit biological responses to magnetic and/or electric field transients with frequencies in the range between 100 Hz and 100 kHz. Much can be learned about the response of a system to a transient stimulation by understanding its response to sinusoidal disturbances over the entire frequency range of interest. Thus, the main effort of this paper was to compare the strengths of the electric fields induced in homogeneous ellipsoidal models by uniform 100 Hz through 100 kHz electric and magnetic fields. Over this frequency range, external electric fields of about 25--2,000 V/m (depending primarily on the orientation of the body relative to the field) are required to induce electric fields inside models of adults and children that are similar in strength to those induced by an external 1 {mu}T magnetic field. Additional analysis indicates that electric fields induced by uniform external electric and magnetic fields and by the nonuniform electric and magnetic fields produced by idealized point sources will not differ by more than a factor of two until the sources are brought close to the body. Published data on electric and magnetic field transients in residential environments indicate that, for most field orientations, the magnetic component will induce stronger electric fields inside adults and children than the electric component. This conclusion is also true for the currents induced in humans by typical levels of 60 Hz electric and magnetic fields in US residences.

Kaune, W.T. [EM Factors, Richland, WA (United States); Guttman, J.L. [Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States); Kavet, R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Fermion production by a dependent of time electric field in de Sitter universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fermion production by the electric field of a charge on de Sitter expanding universe is analyzed. The amplitude and probability of pair production are computed. We obtain from our calculations that the modulus of the momentum is no longer conserved and that there are probabilities for production processes where the helicity is no longer conserved. The rate of pair production in an electric field is found to be important in the early universe when the expansion factor was large comparatively with the particle mass.

Cosmin Crucean

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

203

Ion orbit loss and the poloidal electric field in a tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Monte Carlo simulation studies for ion orbit loss in limiter tokamaks show a poloidal asymmetry in ion loss arising from differences in ion orbit geometry. Since electron loss to the limiter is uniformly distributed because of its tiny orbit width, the nonuniform ion loss could cause a poloidal electric field that would tend to make the ion loss to the limiter more uniform. A simple analytical derivation of this poloidal electric field and a discussion of its effects ion movement and transport are also presented.

Xiao, H.; Hazeltine, R.D.; Valanju, P.M.

1994-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

204

Experimental investigation of electric field distributions in a chaotic 3D microwave rough billiard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first experimental study of the electric field distributions E_N of a three-dimensional (3D) microwave chaotic rough billiard with the translational symmetry. The translational symmetry means that the cross-section of the billiard is invariant under translation along z direction. The 3D electric field distributions were measured up to the level number N = 489. In this way the experimental spatial correlation functions C_{N,p}(x,s) ~ were found and compared with the theoretical ones. The experimental results for higher two-dimensional level number N_{|} appeared to be in good agreement with the theoretical predictions.

Oleg Tymoshchuk; Nazar Savytskyy; Oleh Hul; Szymon Bauch; Leszek Sirko

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

205

Electronic excitations and transport in aperiodic sequences of quantum dots in external electric and magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy spectra and transport of electronic excitations in one-dimensional aperiodic sequences of quantum dots of Thue-Morse and double-periodic type are studied. The influence of external magnetic and electric fields on the energy spectra and transport is considered. For aperiodic sequences of quantum dots, in contrast to aperiodic sequences of atoms, the influence of relatively small magnetic and electric fields is essential, but localization occurs at finite values of the perturbations. The transmission coefficient is determined using the quasiclassical approximation with the Coulomb blockade taken into account. The resonance tunneling is studied.

Korotaev, P. Yu., E-mail: pvl.korotaev@gmail.com; Kaputkina, N. E. [National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' (Russian Federation); Lozovik, Yu. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Spectroscopy (Russian Federation); Vekilov, Yu. Kh. [National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Energetic electron propagation in solid targets driven by the intense electric fields of femtosecond laser pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical model is used to interpret experimental data on the propagation of energetic electrons perpendicular to and parallel to the propagation direction of intense femtosecond laser pulses that are incident on solid targets. The pulses with {approx_equal}10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2} intensity are incident normal onto a gadolinium or tungsten wire embedded in an aluminum substrate, and MeV electrons generated in the focal spot propagate along the laser direction into the irradiated wire. Electrons also propagate laterally from the focal spot through the aluminum substrate and into a dysprosium or hafnium spectator wire at a distance up to 1 mm from the irradiated wire. The ratio of the K shell emission from the spectator and irradiated wires is a measure of the numbers and energies of the MeV electrons propagating parallel to and perpendicular to the intense oscillating electric field of the laser pulse. It is found that the angular distribution of electrons from the focal spot is highly non-isotropic, and approximately twice as many electrons are driven by the electric field toward the spectator wire as into the irradiated wire. This quantitative result is consistent with the qualitative experimental observation that the oscillating electric field of an intense femtosecond laser pulse, when interacting with a heavy metal target, preferentially drives energetic electrons in the electric field direction as compared to perpendicular to the field.

Seely, J. F. [Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Szabo, C. I. [Artep, Inc., 2922 Excelsior Spring Circle, Ellicott City, Maryland 21042 (United States); Audebert, P.; Brambrink, E. [Laboratoire pour L'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses (LULI), Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Special ESP configurations designed to test and produce Yemen oil field. [Electric-Submersible Pump  

SciTech Connect

Innovative electric-submersible-pump (ESP) configurations were used in the exploration phase of a Yemen oil field discovered by Canadian Occidental Petroleum Ltd. Because of subnormal reservoir pressure, CanOxy developed the field with ESPs and had to install surface components that could operate at the high, 130 F., ambient temperatures common in Yemen. The field is in a remote area that has seen very little development. The reservoirs produce a medium-to-heavy crude with a low gas/oil ratio, typically less than 20 scf/bbl. Problems faced in evaluating the field included drilling through unconsolidated sands with high flow capacity and subnormal reservoir pressure. CanOxy had to develop the technology to test the wells during the exploration phase, and intends to use new, or at least uncommon technology, for producing the wells. The paper describes testing the wells, the electric generators and variable speed drives, and the use of these pumps on production wells.

Wilkie, D.I. (Canadian Occidental Petroleum Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1993-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

208

Method of measuring the dc electric field and other tokamak parameters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method including a brief, deliberate perturbation of hot tokamak electrons which produces a transient synchrotron radiation signal, in frequency-time space, and the inference, using very fast algorithms, of plasma parameters including the effective ion charge state Z{sub eff}, the direction of the magnetic field, and the position and width in velocity space of the brief heating, and, in particular, the dc toroidal electric field.

Fisch, N.J.; Kritz, A.H.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments (edm) represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known $\\overrightarrow{v}\\times \\overrightarrow{E}$ field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect (Commins, ED; Am. J. Phys. \\QTR{bf}{59}, 1077 (1991), Pendlebury, JM \\QTR{em}{et al;} Phys. Rev. \\QTR{bf}{A70}, 032102 (2004)). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic form for the velocity auto-correlation function which determines the velocity-position correlation function which in turn determines the behavior of the frequency shift (Lamoreaux, SK and Golub, R; Phys. Rev \\QTR{bf}{A71}, 032104 (2005)) and show how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also discuss some additional issues.

Authors A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

210

Control of high-order harmonics for attoscience using a static-electric-field pattern  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum control in high-order-harmonic generation is considered theoretically by using a spatial distribution of static electric fields along the propagation direction of the driving field. It is shown that the trajectories of the electrons during its acceleration by the laser field in the high-harmonics-generation process can be controlled by periodically distributed static electric fields, which conveniently shape the driving laser field during propagation. Applying this mechanism, a quasi-phase-matching scheme that leads to filtered enhanced high harmonics is achieved. The harmonics in the plateau region are enhanced due to periodical phase variations in the long quantum trajectories as a consequence of the faster change experienced by the intensity-dependent phase along the longer electron trajectories. This effect should be observed in all quasi-phase-matching schemes based on perturbation of the microscopic quantum phase. The richness of adding a static-electric-field spatial pattern in the interaction region suggests a general scheme for feedback loop control in high-order-harmonic generation.

Serrat, Carles [UPC-Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Colom 11, E-08222 Terrassa (Barcelona) (Spain)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) RAPID Engineering Program, Project 7: Development of Field Exposure Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to develop a conceptual model for estimating magnetic field (EMF) personal exposure (PE) of individuals or groups and construct a working model using existing data.

Bracken, T.D.; Rankin, R.F.; Wiley, J.A.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Field Operations Program, Toyota PRIUS Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys Field Operations Program evaluates advanced technology vehicles in real-world applications and environments. Advanced technology vehicles include pure electric, hybrid electric, hydrogen, and other vehicles that use emerging technologies such as fuel cells. Information generated by the Program is targeted to fleet managers and others considering the deployment of advanced technology vehicles. As part of the above activities, the Field Operations Program has initiated the testing of the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a technology increasingly being considered for use in fleet applications. This report describes the Pomona Loop testing of the Prius, providing not only initial operational and performance information, but also a better understanding of HEV testing issues. The Pomona Loop testing includes both Urban and Freeway drive cycles, each conducted at four operating scenarios that mix minimum and maximum payloads with different auxiliary (e.g., lights, air conditioning) load levels.

Francfort, James Edward; Nguyen, N.; Phung, J.; Smith, J.; Wehrey, M.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Effect of an electric field on a floating lipid bilayer: a neutron reflectivity study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a neutron reflectivity study of the influence of an alternative electric field on a supported phospholipid double bilayer. We report for the first time a reproducible increase of the fluctuation amplitude leading to the complete unbinding of the floating bilayer. Results are in good agreement with a semi-quantitative interpretation in terms of negative electrostatic surface tension.

Sigolne Lecuyer; Giovanna Fragneto; Thierry Charitat

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

214

Lightning-Initiation Locations as a Remote Sensing Tool of Large Thunderstorm Electric Field Vectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lightning data that are recorded with a three-dimensional lightning mapping array (LMA) are compared with data from an electric field change sensor (in this case a flat-plate antenna operated both as a slow and a fast antenna). The goal ...

Christopher Maggio; Lee Coleman; Thomas Marshall; Maribeth Stolzenburg; Mark Stanley; Timothy Hamlin; Paul Krehbiel; William Rison; Ron Thomas

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

A Survey of Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields Associated with Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As electric vehicles progressively increase in number throughout car and truck fleets in the U.S. and abroad, there are likely to be questions raised concerning magnetic field exposure levels within the passenger compartment. The study reported here is an initial effort to establish a measurement methodology and report a set of findings.

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

216

Comparison of magnetic field and electric potential produced by frog heart muscle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison is made here between the magnetic field and electric potential produced by a thin strip of frog heartmuscle. An experimental test is made of the theory which states that the wave front of a single fiber (or parallel bundle of fibers as in this strip) can be represented

Deborah Burstein; David Cohen

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Quantum interference effect and electric field domain formation in quantum well infrared photodetectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum interference effect and electric field domain formation in quantum well infrared April 1995 An observation of quantum interference effect in photocurrent spectra of a weakly coupled bound-to-continuum multiple quantum well photodetector is reported. This effect persists even at high

218

Application of field-modulated generator systems to dispersed solar thermal electric generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Parabolic Dish-Electric Transport concept for dispersed solar thermal generation is considered. In this concept the power generated by 15 kWe Solar Generation Units is electrically collected in a large plant. Various approaches are possible for the conversion of mechanical shaft output of the heat engines to electricity. This study focuses on the Application of Field Modulated Generation System (FMGS) for that purpose. Initially the state-of-the-art of FMGS is presented, and the application of FMGS to dispersed solar thermal electric generation is investigated. This is followed by the definition of the control and monitoring requirements for solar generation system. Then comparison is made between FMGS approach and other options. Finally, the technology developmental needs are identified.

Ramakumar, R.; Bahrami, K.

1979-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Instabilities of micro-phase separated Coulombic systems in constant electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mixtures of near-symmetric oppositely charged components with strong attractive short range interactions exhibit ordered lamellar phases at low temperatures. In the strong segregation limit the state of these systems can be described by the location of the interfaces between the components. It has previously been shown that these systems are stable against small deformations of the interfaces. We examine their stability in the presence of a uniform electric field. When the field is perpendicular to the lamellae, the system is unstable against long wavelength deformations for all non-zero values of the external field. A field parallel to the lamellae produces deformed but persistent interfaces. In a finite thickness system, onset of an external perpendicular field modifies the ground state. Flow between the old and new ground states requires the destruction of the original interfaces; this destruction proceeds through the instabilities identified in the bulk case. We examine the possibility of dynamical stabilization of structures by means of oscillating fields.

Francisco J. Solis; Galen T. Pickett

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Crack Formation in the Presence of an Electric Field in Droplets of Laponite Gel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a colloidal gel dries through evaporation, cracks are usually formed, which often reveal underlying processes at work during desiccation. Desiccating colloid droplets of few hundred $\\mu l$ size show interesting effects of pattern formation and cracking which makes this an active subject of current research. Since aqueous gels of clay are known to be strongly affected by an electric field, one may expect crack patterns to exhibit a field effect. In the present study we allow droplets of laponite gel to dry under a radial electric field. This gives rise to highly reproducible patterns of cracks, which depend on the strength, direction and time of exposure to the electric field. For a continuously applied DC voltage, cracks always appear on dissipation of a certain constant amount of energy. If the field is switched off before cracks appear, the observed results are shown to obey a number of empirical scaling relations, which enable us to predict the time of appearance and the number of cracks under specified conditions.

Tajkera Khatun; Tapati Dutta; Sujata Tarafdar

2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Options for Shielding Tokamak Cooling Water Electrical Components against High Magnetic Fields  

SciTech Connect

The Tokamak Cooling Water System (TCWS) Instrumentation and Control (I&C) components of ITER will be located in areas of relatively high magnetic fields. Previous tests on electrical and I&C components have indicated that shielding will be required to protect these components from such magnetic fields. To accomplish this, studies were performed by AREVA Federal Services (AFS) in support of the TCWS Design project with the intent of identifying an optimal solution for shielding I&C components. This report presents a summary of these studies and presents design options for providing magnetic shielding to ITER TCWS I&C components and electrical equipment that are susceptible to the magnetic fields present.

Korsah, Kofi [ORNL; Michael, Smith [AREVA Federal Services LLC; Kim, Seokho H [ORNL; Charles, Neumeyer [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Sensitivity Reach of the Neutron EDM Experiment: The Electric Field Strength  

SciTech Connect

The search for an electric dipole moment of the neutron tests physics beyond the Standard Model such as new sources of CP-violation and Supersymmetry. The nEDM experiment aims to improve the sensitivity on the current limit of the electric dipole moment of the neutron to <10{sup -27} e{center_dot}cm. The experiment will use a flux of Ultra Cold Neutrons (UCNs) produced and stored in a bath of superfluid He-II. A change in precession frequency is expected for a non-zero EDM when an electric field is applied parallel and antiparallel to a magnetic field across the neutron storage cell. A dominant parameter in terms of reducing the statistical uncertainty of this measurement is the strength of the applied electric field. An experiment to measure if superfluid He-II can sustain up to 50 kV/cm for a volume and electrode spacings comparable to the nEDM experiment has been constructed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. It consists in a large-area parallel plate capacitor immersed in a 200 liter central volume inside a suitable cryostat that in turn is connected to a dilution refrigerator unit. A description of test runs and the status of the experiment is presented.

Hennings-Yeomans, R.; Cooper, M.; Currie, S. A.; Makela, M. F.; Ramsey, J. C.; Tajima, S.; Womack, T. L. [Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos NM 87545 (United States); Long, J. C. [Department of Physics, Indiana University, 727 E. Third St. Bloomington, IN 47405-7105 (United States); Stanislaus, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN 46383 (United States)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

223

Title: Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field Demonstration of Ways to Reduce Operating Costs of Small Producers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field Demonstration of Ways to Reduce produced water to create "green" electricity usable on site or for transmission off site . The goal the environmental impact by creating green electricity using produced water and no additional fossil fuel. Approach

224

Animated axial surface mapping: The multimedia companion  

SciTech Connect

This newly expanded version of AAPG`s first DataShare Disk brings to life the concepts and applications of a new method of structural trend analysis. Through the dynamic use of color, sound, animation, and humor, this multimedia companion to the May 1994 article on Axial Surface Mapping introduces the reader (or viewer) to the concepts of rigid-block translation, fault-bend folding, and axial surface mapping. Animated models of growing fault-bend folds allow the viewer to see in four dimensions. The axial surface map shows the horizontal plane; the folding lines show depth planes; and the animations show the structure and its two-dimensional map changing with time and increasing slip. The animations create theoretical map patterns under varying, but controlled conditions that can be compared to axial surface maps from real data. The model patterns are then used to interpret seismic data and axial surface maps from a producing gas field in offshore California and from an exploration play in Pennsylvania.

Hook, S.C.; Shaw, J.H. [Texaco EPTD, Houston, TX (United States); Suppe, J. [Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Nonlinear generation mechanism for the vortical electric field in magnetized plasma media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physical mechanism and nonlinear mathematical formalism for study of generation and further amplification of the vortical electric field in the magnetized plasma are proposed. A modulation instability process in a plasma medium is considered in a strong constant magnetic field. The plasmon condensate is modulated not by a low-frequency ionic sound as is usually done, but by the beating of two high-frequency transverse electromagnetic waves propagating along the external magnetic field. Conditions in which aperiodic instability occurs are found and its increment is defined. This instability leads to a decrease in the scale of Langmuir turbulence along the external magnetic field and to the generation of electromagnetic fields. Dissipative property of the medium increases an amplitude threshold of the pumping waves. It is shown that for sufficiently large amplitudes of pumping waves the effect described in the paper is the defining nonlinear process.

Aburjania, G. D. [Tbilisi State University, M. Nodia Institute of Geophysics, Tbilisi 0143 (Georgia)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Dynamic and Dielectric Response of Charged Colloids in Electrolyte Solutions to External Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer simulations are used to investigate the response of a charged colloid and its surrounding microion cloud to an external electric field. Both static fields (DC) and alternating fields (AC) are considered. A mesoscopic simulation method is implemented to account in full for hydrodynamic and electrostatic interactions. The response of the system can be characterized by two quantities: the mobility and the polarizability. Due to the interplay of the electrostatic attraction and hydrodynamic drag, the response of the microions close to the colloid surface is different from that of the microions far away from the colloid. Both the mobility and polarizability exhibit a dependency on the frequency of the external fields, which can be attributed to the concentration polarization, the mobility of the microions, and the inertia of microions. The effects of the colloidal charge, the salt concentration, and the frequency of the external fields are investigated systematically.

Jiajia Zhou; Roman Schmitz; Burkard Duenweg; Friederike Schmid

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

227

Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model for the scaling laws of the electric field noise spectral density as a function of the distance, $d$, above a conducting surface. Our analytical approach models the patch potentials by introducing a correlation length, $\\zeta$, of the electric potential on the surface. The predicted scaling laws are in excellent agreement with two different classes of experiments (cold trapped ions and cantilevers), that span at least four orders of magnitude of $d$. According to this model, heating rate in miniature ion traps could be greatly reduced by proper material engineering.

Dubessy, Romain; Guidoni, Luca

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model for the scaling laws of the electric field noise spectral density as a function of the distance, $d$, above a conducting surface. Our analytical approach models the patch potentials by introducing a correlation length, $\\zeta$, of the electric potential on the surface. The predicted scaling laws are in excellent agreement with two different classes of experiments (cold trapped ions and cantilevers), that span at least four orders of magnitude of $d$. According to this model, heating rate in miniature ion traps could be greatly reduced by proper material engineering.

Romain Dubessy; Thomas Coudreau; Luca Guidoni

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

229

Detailed discussion of a linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation) electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient: Implications for electric dipole moment experiments (II)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known E x v field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect [9,10]). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic model for the correlation function which determines the behavior of the frequency shift [11], and show in detail how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also propose a method to directly measure ths correlation function under the exact conditions of a given experiment.

A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

230

Effect of a uniform electric field on soot in laminar premixed ethylene/air flames  

SciTech Connect

The effect of a nominally uniform electric field on the initially uniform distribution of soot has been assessed for laminar premixed ethylene/air flames from a McKenna burner. An electrophoretic influence on charged soot particles was measured through changes to the deposition rate of soot on the McKenna plug, using laser extinction (LE). Soot volume fraction was measured in situ using laser-induced incandescence (LII). Particle size and morphologies were assessed through ex situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using thermophoretic sampling particle diagnostics (TSPD). The results show that the majority of these soot particles are positively charged. The presence of a negatively charged plug was found to decrease the particle residence times in the flame and to influence the formation and oxidation progress. A positively charged plug has the opposite effect. The effect on soot volume fraction, particles size and morphology with electric field strength is also reported. Flame stability was also found to be affected by the presence of the electric field, with the balance of the electrophoretic force and drag force controlling the transition to unstable flame flicker. The presence of charged species generated by the flame was found to reduce the dielectric field strength to one seventh that of air. (author)

Wang, Y.; Yao, Q. [Key Laboratory of Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Nathan, G.J. [School of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Energy Technology, The University of Adelaide, S.A. 5005 (Australia); Alwahabi, Z.T.; King, K.D.; Ho, K. [School of Chemical Engineering, Centre for Energy Technology, The University of Adelaide, S.A. 5005 (Australia)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Synthesis and Electric Field-Manipulation of High Aspect Ratio Barium Titanate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this thesis is to develop high dielectric constant nanoparticle dispersion for switchable aircraft antenna systems. Two steps were designed to achieve the objective. First, obtain high dielectric, high aspect ratio nanoparticles and disperse them in dielectric oil medium. Second, manipulate the particle-oil dispersion using an external alternating current (AC) electric field to increase the effective dielectric constant. In order to obtain high dielectric dispersions, different sizes and shapes of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles were purchased and measured. However, after a number of experiments detailed in the thesis, it was found that none of the commercially available nanoparticles could satisfy our requirements for a minimum effective dielectric constant. Thus, to achieve the goals above, we synthesized high aspect ratio BaTiO3 nanowires with BaC2O4 and TiO2 powders as precursors using a molten salt method. The as-synthesized BaTiO3 nanowires were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) mapping. The nanowires have a diameter ranging from 100 nm to 300 nm, and their lengths range from 1.5 micrometers to 5 micrometers. Mechanical stirring and bath sonication were used to obtain even colloidal dispersions. Different concentrations of BaTiO3 nanoparticles well dispersed in the oil medium were successfully manipulated using AC electric field. To monitor the change in microstructure of BaTiO3 nanoparticles, optical microscopy was used to observe the alignment of particles in the sample under the applied electric field. Various parameters including the magnitude, frequency, and duration of the electric field, and the concentration of BaTiO3 nanoparticles were investigated to achieve the optimal alignment of nanoparticles. The experimental results were validated by theoretical analysis using Maxwell-Garnett mixing rule. It was demonstrated that the effective dielectric constant of the colloidal dispersions would increase with the increase of the magnitude, frequency and duration of applied electric field. Synthesized BaTiO3 nanowire-based dispersions exhibit significant enhancement of the effective dielectric constant compared to other colloidal materials. The effective dielectric constant of 5 wt percent BaTiO3-oil dispersions could reach up to 10 when aligned at 1000 V/mm electric field at 1 kHz frequency for 1 hour.

Li, Junjia

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Correlated time derivatives of current, electric field intensity, and magnetic flux density for triggered lightning at 15 m  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Correlated time derivatives of current, electric field intensity, and magnetic flux density current and its time derivative correlated with the corresponding electric field intensity and magnetic. The measured current derivative waveform and the return stroke portion of the magnetic flux density derivative

Florida, University of

233

A Low-Noise, Microprocessor-Controlled, Internally Digitizing Rotating-Vane Electric Field Mill for Airborne Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on a new generation of aircraft-based rotating-vane-style electric field mills designed and built at NASAs Marshall Space Flight Center. The mills have individual microprocessors that digitize the electric field signal at the ...

M. G. Bateman; M. F. Stewart; S. J. Podgorny; H. J. Christian; D. M. Mach; R. J. Blakeslee; J. C. Bailey; D. Daskar

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Melatonin secretion and puberty in female lambs exposed to environmental electric and magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

This study determined whether chronic exposure of female lambs to the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) of a high voltage transmission line can alter pineal secretion of melatonin and the normal occurrence of puberty. Twenty female Suffolk lambs were assigned randomly in equal numbers to a control and a treatment group. Treatment from 2 to 10 mo of age consisted of continuous exposure within the electrical environment of a 500-kV transmission line (mean electric field 6 kV/m, mean magnetic field 40 mG). Treated lambs were penned directly beneath the transmission line; control lambs were maintained in a pen of similar construction 229 m from the line where EMF were at ambient levels (mean electric field < 10 V/m, mean magnetic field < 0.3 mG). Melatonin was analyzed by RIA in serum of blood samples collected at 0.5-3-h intervals over eight 48-h periods. To assess attainment of puberty, serum concentrations of progesterone were determined by RIA from blood samples collected twice weekly beginning at 19 wk of age. Concentrations of circulating melatonin in control and treated lambs were low during daylight hours and increased during nighttime hours. The characteristic pattern of melatonin secretion during nighttime (amplitude, phase, and duration) did not differ between control and treatment groups. Age at puberty and number of subsequent estrous cycles also did not differ between groups. These data suggest that chronic exposure of developing female sheep to 60-Hz environmental EMF does not affect the mechanisms underlying the generation of the circadian pattern of melatonin secretion or the mechanisms involved in the onset of reproductive activity.

Lee, J.M. Jr.; Stormshak, F.; Thompson, J.M.; Thinesen, P.; Painter, L.J.; Olenchek, E.G.; Hess, D.L.; Forbes, R.; Foster, D.L. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Semi-flexible gas-insulated transmission line using electric field stress shields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor, an insulating gas electrically insulating the inner conductor from the outer sheath, and insulating supports insulatably supporting the inner conductor within the outer sheath. The inner conductor is provided with flexibility by use of main conductor sections which are joined together through a conductor hub section and flexible flexing elements. Stress shields are provided to control the electric field at the locations of the conductor hub sections where the insulating supports are contacting the inner conductor. The flexing elements and the stress shields may also be utilized in connection with a plug and socket arrangement for providing electrical connection between main conductor sections. 10 figs.

Cookson, A.H.; Dale, S.J.; Bolin, P.C.

1982-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

236

Semi-flexible gas-insulated transmission line using electric field stress shields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor, an insulating gas electrically insulating the inner conductor from the outer sheath, and insulating supports insulatably supporting the inner conductor within the outer sheath. The inner conductor is provided with flexibility by use of main conductor sections which are joined together through a conductor hub section and flexible flexing elements. Stress shields are provided to control the electric field at the locations of the conductor hub sections where the insulating supports are contacting the inner conductor. The flexing elements and the stress shields may also be utilized in connection with a plug and socket arrangement for providing electrical connection between main conductor sections.

Cookson, Alan H. (Churchill Borough, PA); Dale, Steinar J. (Monroeville, PA); Bolin, Philip C. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA)

1982-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

237

Oil Field Electrical Energy Savings Through Energy-Efficient Motor Retrofits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Wyoming Electric Motor Training and Testing Center (WEMTTC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy-Denver Support Office and the Naval Petroleum Reserve #3 (NPR-3), has conducted an extensive study of electric motor efficiency at the Reserve's oil field near Casper, Wyoming. As a result of this project, WEMTTC has developed a new test method for estimating an electric motor's operating efficiency, and the instrumentation to implement this test method. Using the new test method and instrumentation, several oversized or inefficient motors were replaced with new generation, high-efficiency motors, and the savings documented. This paper describes the test method and instrumentation developed by WEMTTC. The results obtained from the actual energy-efficient motor retrofits are also presented.

Ula, S.; Bershinsky, V.; Cain, W.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Electric field manipulation of polymer nanocomposites: processing and investigation of their physical characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research in nanoparticle-reinforced composites is predicated by the promise for exceptional properties. However, to date the performance of nanocomposites has not reached its potential due to processing challenges such as inadequate dispersion and patterning of nanoparticles, and poor bonding and weak interfaces. The main objective of this dissertation is to improve the physical properties of polymer nanocomposites at low nanoparticle loading. The first step towards improving the physical properties is to achieve a good homogenous dispersion of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in the polymer matrix; the second step is to manipulate the well-dispersed CNFs and SWNTs in polymers by using an AC electric field. Different techniques are explored to achieve homogenous dispersion of CNFs and SWNTs in three polymer matrices (epoxy, polyimide and acrylate) without detrimentally affecting the nanoparticle morphology. The three main factors that influence CNF and SWNT dispersion are: use of solvent, sonication time, and type of mixing. Once a dispersion procedure is optimized for each polymer system, the study moves to the next step. Low concentrations of well dispersed CNFs and SWNTs are successfully manipulated by means of an AC electric field in acrylate and epoxy polymer solutions. To monitor the change in microstructure, alignment is observed under an optical microscope, which identifies a two-step process: rotation of CNFs and SWNTs in the direction of electric field and chaining of CNFs and SWNTs. In the final step, the aligned microstructure is preserved by curing the polymer medium, either thermally (epoxy) or chemically (acrylate). The conductivity and dielectric constant in the parallel and perpendicular direction increased with increase in alignment frequency. The values in the parallel direction are greater than the values in the perpendicular direction and anisotropy in conductivity increased with increase in AC electric field frequency. There is an 11 orders magnitude increase in electrical conductivity of 0.1 wt% CNF-epoxy nanocomposite that is aligned at 100 V/mm and 1 kHz frequency for 90 minutes. Electric field magnitude, frequency and time are tuned to improve and achieve desired physical properties at very low nanoparticle loadings.

Banda, Sumanth

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Dependence of carrier mobility on an electric field in gallium selenide crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dependence of the mobility of charge carriers on voltage has been studied in undoped GaSe single crystals and crystals doped with gadolinium; the latter crystals have exhibited various values of dark resistivity ({rho}{sub d.r} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 4}-10{sup 8} {Omega} cm at 77 K) and of the doping level (N = 10{sup -5}, 10{sup -4}, 10{sup -3}, 10{sup -2}, and 10{sup -1} at %). It is established that the dependence of the charge-carrier mobility on the electric field applied to the sample E {=} 10{sup 4} {Omega} cm) and in lightly doped GaSe crystals (N {<=} 10{sup -2} at %) in the region of T {<=} 150 K. It is found that this dependence is not related to heating of the charge carriers by an electric field; rather, it is caused by elimination of drift barriers as a result of injection.

Abdinov, A. Sh., E-mail: abdinov_axmed@yahoo.com; Babaeva, R. F., E-mail: Babaeva-Rena@yandex.ru; Rzayev, R. M. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Chaotic dynamics of electric-field domains in periodically driven superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-sustained time-dependent current oscillations under dc voltage bias have been observed in recent experiments on n-doped semiconductor superlattices with sequential resonant tunneling. The current oscillations are caused by the motion and recycling of the domain wall separating low- and high-electric- field regions of the superlattice, as the analysis of a discrete drift model shows and experimental evidence supports. Numerical simulation shows that different nonlinear dynamical regimes of the domain wall appear when an external microwave signal is superimposed on the dc bias and its driving frequency and driving amplitude vary. On the frequency - amplitude parameter plane, there are regions of entrainment and quasiperiodicity forming Arnol'd tongues. Chaos is demonstrated to appear at the boundaries of the tongues and in the regions where they overlap. Coexistence of up to four electric-field domains randomly nucleated in space is detected under ac+dc driving.

O. M. Bulashenko; M. J. Garcia; L. L. Bonilla

1995-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Manipulation and patterning of the surface hydrogen concentrationon Pd(111) electric fields  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Modification of the structure of materials at the nanoscale level is one goal of current nanoscience research. For example, by purposefully modifying the spatial distribution of adsorbates one could control the rate of chemical reactions on a local scale. Here we show how this can be accomplished in the case of H on Pd(111) through the application of local electric fields. Hydrogen adsorption on the platinum group metals is particularly interesting because these metals are used as catalysts in a variety of industrial processes, including hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions. Electric fields on surfaces are also of primary interest in electrochemistry where despite the considerable amount of experimental and theoretical work done to date, there still remains more work to be done before a clear understanding of phenomena at the atomic scale can be accomplished.

Mitsui, T.; Fomin, E.; Ogletree, D.F.; Salmeron, M.; Nilekar,A.U.; Mavrikakis, M.

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Imaging the proton concentration and mapping the spatial distribution of the electric field of catalytic micropumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalytic engines can use hydrogen peroxide as a chemical fuel in order to drive motion at the microscale. The chemo-mechanical actuation is a complex mechanism based on the interrelation between catalytic reactions and electro-hydrodynamics phenomena. We studied catalytic micropumps using fluorescence confocal microscopy to image the concentration of protons in the liquid. In addition, we measured the motion of particles with different charges in order to map the spatial distributions of the electric field, the electrostatic potential and the fluid flow. The combination of these two techniques allows us to contrast the gradient of the concentration of protons against the spatial variation in the electric field. We present numerical simulations that reproduce the experimental results. Our work sheds light on the interrelation between the different processes at work in the chemo-mechanical actuation of catalytic pumps. Our experimental approach could be used to study other electrochemical systems with heterogeneous electrodes.

A. Afshar Farniya; M. J. Esplandiu; D. Reguera; A. Bachtold

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

243

K-shell spectroscopy of silicon ions as diagnostic for high electric fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a detection scheme, capable of measuring X-ray line shape of tracer ions in {mu}m thick layers at the rear side of a target foil irradiated by ultra intense laser pulses. We performed simulations of the effect of strong electric fields on the K-shell emission of silicon and developed a spectrometer dedicated to record this emission. The combination of a cylindrically bent crystal in von Hamos geometry and a CCD camera with its single photon counting capability allows for a high dynamic range of the instrument and background free spectra. This approach will be used in future experiments to study electric fields of the order of TV/m at high density plasmas close to solid density.

Loetzsch, R.; Jaeckel, O.; Hoefer, S.; Kaempfer, T.; Uschmann, I.; Kaluza, M. C. [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Helmholtzweg 4, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Institut fuer Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Polz, J. [Institut fuer Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Foerster, E. [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Helmholtzweg 4, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Stambulchik, E.; Kroupp, E.; Maron, Y. [Faculty of Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, P.O. Box 26, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Effective zero-thickness model for a conductive membrane driven by an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of a conductive membrane in a static (DC) electric field is investigated theoretically. An effective zero-thickness model is constructed based on a Robin-type boundary condition for the electric potential at the membrane, originally developed for electrochemical systems. Within such a framework, corrections to the elastic moduli of the membrane are obtained, which arise from charge accumulation in the Debye layers due to capacitive effects and electric currents through the membrane and can lead to an undulation instability of the membrane. The fluid flow surrounding the membrane is also calculated, which clarifies issues regarding these flows sharing many similarities with flows produced by induced charge electro-osmosis (ICEO). Non-equilibrium steady states of the membrane and of the fluid can be effectively described by this method. It is both simpler, due to the zero thickness approximation which is widely used in the literature on fluid membranes, and more general than previous approaches. The predictions of this model are compared to recent experiments on supported membranes in an electric field.

Falko Ziebert; Martin Z. Bazant; David Lacoste

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

Enhancement of methane conversion using electric fields. Quarterly report, October 1--December 31, 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project is the development of novel, economical, processes for the conversion of natural gas to more valuable projects such as methanol, ethylene and other organic oxygenates or higher hydrocarbons. The methodologies of the project are to investigate and develop low temperature electric discharges and electric field-enhanced catalysis for carrying out these conversions. In the case of low temperature discharges, the conversion is carried out at ambient temperature which in effect trades high temperature thermal energy for electric energy as the driving force for conversion. The low operating temperatures relax the thermodynamic constraints on the product distribution found at high temperature and also removes the requirements of large thermal masses required for current technologies. With the electric field-enhanced conversion, the operating temperatures are expected to be below those currently required for such processes as oxidative coupling, thereby allowing for a higher degree of catalytic selectivity while maintaining high activity. During this quarter the authors worked on some kinetics experiments and also did some catalyst screening, particularly looking for correlations with surface OH and oxygen groups to help determine the manner in which these surfaces alter the selectivities. On the dielectric systems they looked at power versus frequency and conversions relationships, worked on oxygen utilization and started building a short residence time reactor for studying intermediate formation and destruction.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

246

Electric fields in solar magnetic structures due to gradient driven instabilities: heating and acceleration of particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electrostatic instabilities driven by the gradients of the density, temperature and magnetic field, are discussed in their application to solar magnetic structures. Strongly growing modes are found for some typical plasma parameters. These instabilities i) imply the presence of electric fields that can accelerate the plasma particles in both perpendicular and parallel directions with respect to the magnetic field vector, and ii) can stochastically heat ions. The perpendicular acceleration is to the leading order determined by the $\\bmath{E}\\times \\bmath{B}$-drift acting equally on both ions and electrons, while the parallel acceleration is most effective on electrons. The experimentally confirmed stochastic heating is shown to act mainly in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field vector and acts stronger on heavier ions. The energy release rate and heating may exceed for several orders of magnitude the value accepted as necessary for a self-sustained heating in the solar corona. The energy sourc...

Vranjes, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Scaling of the Longitudinal Electric Field and Transformer Ratio in a Nonlinear Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scaling of the two important figures of merit, the transformer ratio T and the longitudinal electric field E{sub z}, with the peak drive-bunch current I{sub p}, in a nonlinear plasma wakefield accelerator is presented for the first time. The longitudinal field scales as I{sub P}{sup 0.623{+-}0.007}, in good agreement with nonlinear wakefield theory ({approx}I{sub P}{sup 0.5}), while the unloaded transformer ratio is shown to be greater than unity and scales weakly with the bunch current. The effect of bunch head erosion on both parameters is also discussed.

Blumenfeld, I.; /SLAC; Clayton, C.E.; /UCLA; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; /SLAC; Huang, C.; /UCLA; Ischebeck, R.; Iverson, R.H.; /SLAC; Joshi, C.; /UCLA; Katsouleas, T.; /Southern California U.; Kirby, N.; /SLAC; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; /UCLA; Muggli, P.; Oz, E.; /Southern California U.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Zhou, M.; /UCLA

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

248

Mapping the acid stimulation in the Beowawe geothermal field using surface electrical potentials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A surface electrical potential system was fielded during the chemical stimulation of the Rossi 21-19 well in the Beowawe Geothermal Field. The technique, which measures variations in resistivity resulting from the flow of conductive fluid into the reservoir, was not only shown to be highly sensitive to the chemical treatment, but was also responsive to in situ conductive zones before any acid injection. A review of the experiment and a preliminary interpretation of the data are presented. The data provide convincing evidence that it should be possible to map the treated zone as well as the primary pretreatment in situ conductive zones.

Hart, C.M.; Engi, D.; Morris, H.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Mapping the Acid Stimulation in the Beowawe Geothermal Field Using Surface Electrical Potentials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A surface electrical potential system was fielded during the chemical stimulation of the Rossi 21-19 well in the Beowawe Geothermal Field. The technique, which measures variations in resistivity resulting from the flow of conductive fluid into the reservoir, was not only shown to be highly sensitive, not only to the chemical treatment, but also to the in situ conductive zones before any acid injection. A review of the experiment and a preliminary interpretation of the data are presented. The data provide convincing evidence that it should be possible to map the treated zone as well as the primary pretreatment in situ conductive zones.

Hart, Carolyne M.; Engi, Dennis; Morris, Harris E.

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Inhibition of respiration in cats by ELF electric fields. [Felis domestica  

SciTech Connect

Cats (Felis domestica) were exposed acutely to electric fields in the frequency range from 0.1 to 50 Hz using contact electrodes. A marked reduction in respiration rate was observed. The maximum sensitivity was of the order of 1 V/m at frequencies of 0.5-2 Hz. Using multiple electrode sites, it was found that the primary locus of action was near the first vertebra. No effects on cardiac frequency were observed at any frequency with fields up to those which caused visible neuromuscular stimulation.

Lockard, J.W. Jr.; Carstensen, E.L.; Morris, T.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Scale model simulates full-size substation electric fields. [For 345-kV system  

SciTech Connect

An innovative scale model of a 345-kV substation that can be energized to produce representative electric fields has been developed. The purpose of the model is to determine how changes in substation design and operation affect ground-level voltage gradients. Recent tests of the field strengths predicted by the model and actual voltage gradients at the full-size substation at 150 different pairs of points showed excellent agreement. For 94 percent of the pairs the model error was less than 10 percent. The statistical mean of the absolute values of the discrepancies for all 150 points was only 4.6 percent.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Modeling electron transport in the presence of electric and magnetic fields.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the theoretical background on modeling electron transport in the presence of electric and magnetic fields by incorporating the effects of the Lorentz force on electron motion into the Boltzmann transport equation. Electromagnetic fields alter the electron energy and trajectory continuously, and these effects can be characterized mathematically by differential operators in terms of electron energy and direction. Numerical solution techniques, based on the discrete-ordinates and finite-element methods, are developed and implemented in an existing radiation transport code, SCEPTRE.

Fan, Wesley C.; Drumm, Clifton Russell; Pautz, Shawn D.; Turner, C. David

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Instability of pre-existing resonances under a small constant electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two simple model operators are considered which have pre-existing resonances. A potential corresponding to a small electric field, $f$, is then introduced and the resonances of the resulting operator are considered as $f\\to0$. It is shown that these resonances are not continuous in this limit. It is conjectured that a similar behavior will appear in more complicated models of atoms and molecules. Numerical results are presented.

I. Herbst; J. Rama

2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

254

Potential Effects of Electromagnetic Fields from Submerged Electrical Cables on Aquatic Life  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is considerable interest in the development of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy projects in the rivers, estuaries, and coastal ocean waters of the United States. MHK technologies convert the energy of waves or the moving water in river or tidal currents into electricity, without the impacts of dams and impoundments associated with conventional hydropower or the extraction and combustion of fossil fuels. However, electromagnetic fields (EMFs) will be created by the generators, transformers, rect...

2012-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

255

SEM technique for imaging and measuring electronic transport in nanocomposites based on electric field induced contrast  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described for SEM imaging and measuring electronic transport in nanocomposites based on electric field induced contrast. A method includes mounting a sample onto a sample holder, the sample including a sample material; wire bonding leads from the sample holder onto the sample; placing the sample holder in a vacuum chamber of a scanning electron microscope; connecting leads from the sample holder to a power source located outside the vacuum chamber; controlling secondary electron emission from the sample by applying a predetermined voltage to the sample through the leads; and generating an image of the secondary electron emission from the sample. An apparatus includes a sample holder for a scanning electron microscope having an electrical interconnect and leads on top of the sample holder electrically connected to the electrical interconnect; a power source and a controller connected to the electrical interconnect for applying voltage to the sample holder to control the secondary electron emission from a sample mounted on the sample holder; and a computer coupled to a secondary electron detector to generate images of the secondary electron emission from the sample.

Jesse, Stephen (Knoxville, TN); Geohegan, David B. (Knoxville, TN); Guillorn, Michael (Brooktondale, NY)

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electric field induced needle-pulsed arc discharge carbon nanotube production apparatus: Circuitry and mechanical design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple and low cost apparatus is reported to produce multiwall carbon nanotubes and carbon nano-onions by a low power short pulsed arc discharge reactor. The electric circuitry and the mechanical design details and a micro-filtering assembly are described. The pulsed-plasma is generated and applied between two graphite electrodes. The pulse width is 0.3 {mu}s. A strong dc electric field is established along side the electrodes. The repetitive discharges occur in less than 1 mm distance between a sharp tip graphite rod as anode, and a tubular graphite as cathode. A hydrocarbon vapor, as carbon source, is introduced through the graphite nozzle in the cathode assembly. The pressure of the chamber is controlled by a vacuum pump. A magnetic field, perpendicular to the plasma path, is provided. The results show that the synergetic use of a pulsed-current and a dc power supply enables us to synthesize carbon nanoparticles with short pulsed plasma. The simplicity and inexpensiveness of this plan is noticeable. Pulsed nature of plasma provides some extra degrees of freedom that make the production more controllable. Effects of some design parameters such as electric field, pulse frequency, and cathode shape are discussed. The products are examined using scanning probe microscopy techniques.

Kia, Kaveh Kazemi [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Bonab, Bonab (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bonabi, Fahimeh [Department of Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Bonab, Bonab (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Controlling trapping potentials and stray electric fields in a microfabricated ion trap through design and compensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent advances in quantum information processing with trapped ions have demonstrated the need for new ion trap architectures capable of holding and manipulating chains of many (>10) ions. Here we present the design and detailed characterization of a new linear trap, microfabricated with scalable complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) techniques, that is well-suited to this challenge. Forty-four individually controlled DC electrodes provide the many degrees of freedom required to construct anharmonic potential wells, shuttle ions, merge and split ion chains, precisely tune secular mode frequencies, and adjust the orientation of trap axes. Microfabricated capacitors on DC electrodes suppress radio-frequency pickup and excess micromotion, while a top-level ground layer simplifies modeling of electric fields and protects trap structures underneath. A localized aperture in the substrate provides access to the trapping region from an oven below, permitting deterministic loading of particular isotopic/elemental sequences via species-selective photoionization. The shapes of the aperture and radio-frequency electrodes are optimized to minimize perturbation of the trapping pseudopotential. Laboratory experiments verify simulated potentials and characterize trapping lifetimes, stray electric fields, and ion heating rates, while measurement and cancellation of spatially-varying stray electric fields permits the formation of nearly-equally spaced ion chains.

S. Charles Doret; Jason M. Amini; Kenneth Wright; Curtis Volin; Tyler Killian; Arkadas Ozakin; Douglas Denison; Harley Hayden; C. -S. Pai; Richart E. Slusher; Alexa W. Harter

2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

258

Electric fields effect on liftoff and blowoff of nonpremixed laminar jet flames in a coflow  

SciTech Connect

The stabilization characteristics of liftoff and blowoff in nonpremixed laminar jet flames in a coflow have been investigated experimentally for propane fuel by applying AC and DC electric fields to the fuel nozzle with a single-electrode configuration. The liftoff and blowoff velocities have been measured by varying the applied voltage and frequency of AC and the voltage and the polarity of DC. The result showed that the AC electric fields extended the stabilization regime of nozzle-attached flame in terms of jet velocity. As the applied AC voltage increased, the nozzle-attached flame was maintained even over the blowout velocity without having electric fields. In such a case, a blowoff occurred directly without experiencing a lifted flame. While for the DC cases, the influence on liftoff was minimal. There existed three different regimes depending on the applied AC voltage. In the low voltage regime, the nozzle-detachment velocity of either liftoff or blowoff increased linearly with the applied voltage, while nonlinearly with the AC frequency. In the intermediate voltage regime, the detachment velocity decreased with the applied voltage and reasonably independent of the AC frequency. At the high voltage regime, the detachment was significantly influenced by the generation of discharges. (author)

Kim, M.K.; Ryu, S.K.; Won, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea); Chung, S.H. [Clean Combustion Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal (Saudi Arabia)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Stationary electron velocity distribution function in crossed electric and magnetic fields with collisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical studies and numerical simulations show that the electron velocity distribution function in a Hall thruster discharge with crossed electric and magnetic fields is not Maxwellian. This is due to the fact that the mean free path between collisions is greater than both the Larmor radius and the characteristic dimensions of the discharge channel. However in numerical models of Hall thrusters, a hydrodynamic approach is often used to describe the electron dynamics, because discharge simulation in a fully kinetic approach requires large computing resources and is time consuming. A more accurate modeling of the electron flow in the hydrodynamic approximation requires taking into account the non-Maxwellian character of the distribution function and finding its moments, an approach that reflects the properties of electrons drifting in crossed electric and magnetic fields better than the commonly used Euler or Navier-Stokes approximations. In the present paper, an expression for the electron velocity distribution function in rarefied spatially homogeneous stationary plasma with crossed electric and magnetic fields and predominance of collisions with heavy particles is derived in the relaxation approximation. The main moments of the distribution function including longitudinal and transversal temperatures, the components of the viscous stress tensor, and of the heat flux vector are calculated. Distinctive features of the hydrodynamic description of electrons with a strongly non-equilibrium distribution function and the prospects for further development of the proposed approach for calculating the distribution function in spatially inhomogeneous plasma are discussed.

Shagayda, Andrey [Department of Electrophysics, Keldysh Research Centre, Moscow 125438 (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Method of sustaining a radial electric field and poloidal plasma rotation over most of the cross-section of a tokamak  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radial electric field of a desired magnitude and configuration is created hroughout a substantial portion of the cross-section of the plasma of a tokamak. The radial electric field is created by injection of a unidirectional electron beam. The magnitude and configuration of the radial electric field may be controlled by the strength of the toroidal magnetic field of the tokamak.

Darrow, Douglass S. (Plainsboro, NJ); Ono, Masayuki (Princeton Jct., NJ)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Electric  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Retail Price of Electricity to ... Period Residential Commercial Industrial ... or usage falling within specified limits by rate ...

262

CO2 Capture Using Electric Fields: Low-Cost Electrochromic Film on Plastic for Net-Zero Energy Building  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Two faculty members at Lehigh University created a new technique called supercapacitive swing adsorption (SSA) that uses electrical charges to encourage materials to capture and release CO2. Current CO2 capture methods include expensive processes that involve changes in temperature or pressure. Lehigh Universitys approach uses electric fields to improve the ability of inexpensive carbon sorbents to trap CO2. Because this process uses electric fields and not electric current, the overall energy consumption is projected to be much lower than conventional methods. Lehigh University is now optimizing the materials to maximize CO2 capture and minimize the energy needed for the process.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Neutron electric polarizability from unquenched lattice QCD using the background field approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculational scheme for obtaining the electric polarizability of the neutron in lattice QCD with dynamical quarks is developed, using the background field approach. The scheme differs substantially from methods previously used in the quenched approximation, the physical reason being that the QCD ensemble is no longer independent of the external electromagnetic field in the dynamical quark case. One is led to compute (certain integrals over) four-point functions. Particular emphasis is also placed on the physical role of constant external gauge fields on a finite lattice; the presence of these fields complicates the extraction of polarizabilities, since it gives rise to an additional shift of the neutron mass unrelated to polarizability effects. The method is tested on a SU(3) flavor-symmetric ensemble furnished by the MILC Collaboration, corresponding to a pion mass of m_pi = 759 MeV. Disconnected diagrams are evaluated using stochastic estimation. A small negative electric polarizability of alpha =(-2.0 +/- 0.9) 10^(-4) fm^3 is found for the neutron at this rather large pion mass; this result does not seem implausible in view of the qualitative behavior of alpha as a function of m_pi suggested by Chiral Effective Theory.

Michael Engelhardt

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

264

Long-term drifts of stray electric fields in a Paul trap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the evolution of stray electric fields in a linear Paul trap over a period of several months. We demonstrate a way to clearly distinguish between the two main sources of these fields, namely insulated charged up patches and patch charges originating from contact potentials. To achieve high sensitivity in these measurements, we operate the trap in a way that strongly suppresses the generation of additional patch charges. For this, we shield the ion trap from ambient light and only allow the use of near-infrared lasers. Furthermore, we minimize additional contaminations of the trap electrodes by minimizing the flux of atoms into the ion trap chamber. We find that photo-induced electric fields decay on time scales of days. In contrast, stray fields due to contamination-induced contact potentials on trap electrodes mainly exhibit slow dynamics on the order of months, probably dominated by diffusion and slow chemical processes. Long-term operation of our shielded trap led us to a regime of very low ...

Hrter, Arne; Brunner, Andreas; Denschlag, Johannes Hecker

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Vacuum Decay and the Transmission Resonances in Space-Dependent Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the decay of Quantum electrodynamical (QED) vacuum in arbitrary space-dependent electric fields. In particular, we analyze the resonance peaks of the positron emission spectrum for the external fields with subcycle structure. For this, we study the transmission probability in the framework of scattering approach to vacuum pair production. In under-the-barrier scattering regime, we show that the width of a transmission resonance can be enhanced when the effective scattering potential contains multiple wells. Such a broadening in the resonance width corresponds to a decrease in the tunneling time. This may be relevant for observing the vacuum decay at shorter timescales before the external field is adiabatically turned off. In above-the-barrier scattering regime, we give a set of coupled differential equations for the numerical computation of the Bogoliubov coefficients.

Cesim K. Dumlu

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

266

Internal Electric Field Investigations of a Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detector Using Synchrotron X-ray Mapping and Pockels Effect Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) has remained a major focus of research due to its promising application as a room-temperature nuclear radiation detector material. Among the several parameters that substantially affect the detectors' performance, an important one is the distribution of the internal electric field. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) employed synchrotron x-ray microscale mapping and measurements of the Pockels effect to investigate the distribution of the internal electric field in a CZT strip detector. Direct evidence that dislocations can distort the internal electric field of the detector was obtained. Furthermore, it was found that 'star' defects in the CZT crystal, possibly ascribed to dislocation loop punching, cause charge trapping.

Yang, G.; Bolotnikov, A; Camarda, G; Cui, Y; Hossain, A; Yao, H; James, R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Electric-magnetic duality and deformations of three-dimensional conformal field theories  

SciTech Connect

SL(2,Z) duality transformations in asymptotically AdS{sub 4}xS{sup 7} act nontrivially on the three-dimensional superconformal field theory of coincident M2-branes on the boundary. We show how S-duality acts away from the IR fixed point. We develop a systematic method to holographically obtain the deformations of the boundary CFT and show how electric-magnetic duality relates different deformations. We analyze in detail marginal deformations and deformations by dimension 4 operators. In the case of massive deformations, the renormalization group flow relates S-dual CFT's. Correlation functions in the CFT are computed by varying magnetic bulk sources, whereas correlation functions in the dual CFT are computed by electric bulk sources. Under massive deformations, the boundary effective action is generically minimized by massive self-dual configurations of the U(1) gauge field. We show that a self-dual choice of boundary conditions exists, and it corresponds to the self-dual topologically massive gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions. Thus, self-duality in three dimensions can be understood as a consequence of electric-magnetic invariance in the bulk of AdS{sub 4}.

Haro, Sebastian de [Department of Mathematics, King's College, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Gao Peng [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6396 (United States)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Electric charge in the field of a magnetic event in three-dimensional spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the motion of an electric charge in the field of a magnetically charged event in three-dimensional spacetime. We start by exhibiting a first integral of the equations of motion in terms of the three conserved components of the spacetime angular momentum, and then proceed numerically. After crossing the light cone of the event, an electric charge initially at rest starts rotating and slowing down. There are two lengths appearing in the problem: (i) the characteristic length $\\frac{q g}{2 \\pi m}$, where $q$ and $m$ are the electric charge and mass of the particle, and $g$ is the magnetic charge of the event; and (ii) the spacetime impact parameter $r_0$. For $r_0 \\gg \\frac{q g}{2 \\pi m}$, after a time of order $r_0$, the particle makes sharply a quarter of a turn and comes to rest at the same spatial position at which the event happened in the past. This jump is the main signature of the presence of the magnetic event as felt by an electric charge. A derivation of the expression for the angular momentum that uses Noether's theorem in the magnetic representation is given in the Appendix.

Claudio Bunster; Cristian Martinez

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

Vacuum Instability in Electric Fields via AdS/CFT: Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian and Planckian Thermalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze vacuum instability of strongly coupled gauge theories in a constant electric field using AdS/CFT correspondence. The model is the N=2 1-flavor supersymmetric large N_c QCD in the strong 't Hooft coupling limit. We calculate the Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian L(E), which encodes the nonlinear response and the quantum decay rate of the vacuum in a background electric field E, from the complex D-brane action in AdS/CFT. We find that the decay rate given by Im L(E) becomes nonzero above a critical electric field set by the confining force between quarks. A large-E expansion of Im L(E) is found to coincide with that of the Schwinger effects in QED, replacing its electron mass by the confining force. Then, the time-dependent response of the system in a strong electric field is solved non-perturbatively, and we observe a universal thermalization at a shortest timescale "Planckian thermalization time" t ~ 1/T ~ E^{-1/2}. Here, T is an effective temperature which quarks feel in the nonequilibrium state with nonzero electric current, calculated in AdS/CFT as a Hawking temperature. Stronger electric fields accelerate the thermalization, and for a realistic value of the electric field in RHIC experiment, we obtain t ~ 1 [fm/c], which is consistent with the believed value.

Koji Hashimoto; Takashi Oka

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

270

Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (enacted October 24, 1992) to determine whether or not exposure to EMF produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health. Two Federal agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), have primary responsibility for the program, but other Federal agencies are key participants as well. This program requires that Federal appropriations be matched by contributions from non-Federal sources. The authorized level of funding for the program was $65 million over a 5-year period (fiscal years 1993-1997 inclusive). For EMF RAPID to be a fully funded program, $32.5 million over 5 years will have to be appropriated by Congress and matched by non-Federal contributions.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Simulating the interplay between plasma transport, electric field, and magnetic field in the near-Earth nightside magnetosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

field, field aligned currents, Pedersen conductance and fluxpressure and flux tube volume, the field-aligned current can

Gkioulidou, Malamati

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Mixing-Demixing Phase Diagram for Simple Liquids in Non-Uniform Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We deduce the mixing-demixing phase diagram for binary liquid mixtures in an electric field for various electrode geometries and arbitrary constitutive relation for the dielectric constant. By focusing on the behavior of the liquid-liquid interface, we produce simple analytic expressions for the dependence of the interface location on experimental parameters. We also show that the phase diagram contains regions where liquid separation cannot occur under any applied field. The analytic expression for the boundary "electrostatic binodal" line reveals that the regions' size and shape depend strongly on the dielectric relation between the liquids. Moreover, we predict the existence of an "electrostatic spinodal" line that identifies conditions where the liquids are in a metastable state. We finally construct the phase diagram for closed systems by mapping solutions onto those of an open system via an effective liquid composition. For closed systems at a fixed temperature and mixture composition, liquid separation occurs in a finite "window" of surface potential (or charge density). Larger potentials or charge densities counterintuitively destroy the interface, leading to liquid mixing. These results give valuable guides for experiments by providing easily testable predictions for how liquids behave in non-uniform electric fields.

Jennifer Galanis; Yoav Tsori

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

273

Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity is an essential part of modern life. The Energy Department is working to create technology solutions that will reduce our energy use and save Americans money.

274

Thin film deposition by electric and magnetic crossed-field diode sputtering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a thin film coating to the surface of a workpiece, in particular, applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a crossed-field diode sputtering array. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thicknesses. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multipactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, Kimo M. (Mountain View, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Thin film deposition by electric and magnetic crossed-field diode sputtering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a thin film coating to the surface of a workpiece, in particular, applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a crossed-field diode sputtering array. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thicknesses. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multipactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, Kimo M. (Mountain View, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Thin film deposition by electric and magnetic crossed-field diode sputtering. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a cross-field diode sputtering array is described. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent to a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate, and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thickness. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multifactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, K.M.

1975-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

277

Transparent Conductive Coating Based on Carbon Nanotubes Using Electric Field Deposition Method  

SciTech Connect

The transparent conductive coating based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) had been fabricated using the electric field deposition method. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) results show a quite uniform CNTs on Corning glass substrates. Moreover the X-ray Diffraction (XRD) results shows the peak at around 25 deg. which proves the existence of CNT materials. The CNT thin films obtained with different deposition times have different transmittance coefficients at wavelength of 550 nm. I-V measurement results shows higher sheet resistance value which relates with bigger transmittance coefficients and vice versa.

Latununuwe, Altje [Physics of Electronic Materials Research Division, ITB, Jl. Ganesha No.10 Bandung (Indonesia); Department of Physics Education, Pattimura University, Jl. Ir.M.Putuhena Poka Ambon (Indonesia); Hattu, Nikmans [Chemistry Deparment, Pattimura University, Jl. Ir.M.Putuhena Poka Ambon (Indonesia); Setiawan, Andhy [Physics of Electronic Materials Research Division, ITB, Jl. Ganesha No.10 Bandung (Indonesia); Physics Department, Indonesia University of Education (UPI) Jl.Dr.Setiabudi No. 229, Bandung (Indonesia); Winata, Toto; Abdullah, Mikrajuddin; Darma, Yudi [Physics of Electronic Materials Research Division, ITB, Jl. Ganesha No.10 Bandung (Indonesia)

2010-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

278

Generalized Pearson distributions for charged particles interacting with an electric and/or a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The linear Boltzmann equation for elastic and/or inelastic scattering is applied to derive the distribution function of a spatially homogeneous system of charged particles spreading in a host medium of two-level atoms and subjected to external electric and/or magnetic fields. We construct a Fokker-Planck approximation to the kinetic equations and derive the most general class of distributions for the given problem by discussing in detail some physically meaningful cases. The equivalence with the transport theory of electrons in a phonon background is also discussed.

A. Rossani; A. M. Scarfone

2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Numerical solution of the Fokker-Planck equation with electric field and collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient numerical method is demonstrated for solving the Fokker-Planck equation for the electron distribution function in the presence of an electric field of arbitrary strength. The approach is continuum (Eulerian), and we employ a relativistic collision operator, valid for arbitrary energies. Both primary and secondary runaway electron generation are included. For primary generation, a time-independent formulation of the problem is described, requiring only the solution of a single sparse linear system. As an application, the electron distribution function is used for calculating the synchrotron emission spectrum of the runaways.

Landreman, Matt; Flp, Tnde

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Electric dipole-forbidden nuclear transitions driven by super-intense laser fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric dipole-forbidden transitions of nuclei interacting with super-intense laser fields are investigated considering stable isotopes with suitable low-lying first excited states. Different classes of transitions are identified, and all magnetic sublevels corresponding to the near-resonantly driven nuclear transition are included in the description of the nuclear quantum system. We find that large transition matrix elements and convenient resonance energies qualify nuclear M1 transitions as good candidates for the coherent driving of nuclei. We discuss the implications of resonant interaction of intense laser fields with nuclei beyond the dipole approximation for the controlled preparation of excited nuclear states and important aspects of possible experiments aimed at observing these effects.

Adriana Plffy; Jrg Evers; Christoph H. Keitel

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Proton trajectories and electric fields in a laser-accelerated focused proton beam  

SciTech Connect

The focusing properties of a laser generated proton beam have been investigated using hemispherical targets in both freestanding and enclosed cone-shaped geometries. The proton trajectories and focusing were strongly affected by the electric fields in the beam, bending the trajectories near the axis. In the cone targets, a sheath field effectively channels the proton beam through the open cone tip, substantially improving the beam focusing from Almost-Equal-To 90 {mu}m to Almost-Equal-To 55 {mu}m diameter for protons with energies >3 MeV. The proton generation and focusing were modeled using 2D hybrid particle-in-cell simulations, which compared well with the experimental results. Simulations predict further improvement in focusing with more uniform target illumination. These results are of significant interest to proton fast ignition and other high energy density physics applications.

Foord, M. E.; Bellei, C.; Key, M.; Patel, P. K.; McLean, H. S.; Jarrott, L. C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Bartal, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); University of California, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); Flippo, K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Stephens, R. B.; Wei, M. S. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States); Beg, F. N. [University of California, San Diego, California 92093 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Electric field-driven, magnetically-stabilized ferro-emulsion phase contactor  

SciTech Connect

Methods and systems for interfacial surface area contact between a dispersed phase liquid and a continuous phase liquid in counter-current flow for purposes such as solvent extraction. Initial droplets of a dispersed phase liquid material containing ferromagnetic particles functioning as a "packing" are introduced to a counter-current flow of the continuous phase. A high intensity pulsed electric field is applied so as to shatter the initial droplets into a ferromagnetic emulsion comprising many smaller daughter droplets having a greater combined total surface area than that of the initial droplets in contact with the continuous phase material. A magnetic field is applied to control the position of the ferromagnetic emulsion for enhanced coalescence of the daughter droplets into larger reformed droplets.

Scott, Timothy C. (Knoxville, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Impact of motion along the field direction on geometric-phase-induced false electric dipole moment signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometric-phase-induced false electric dipole moment (EDM) signals, resulting from interference between magnetic field gradients and particle motion in electric fields, have been studied extensively in the literature, especially for neutron EDM experiments utilizing stored ultracold neutrons and co-magnetometer atoms. Previous studies have considered particle motion in the transverse plane perpendicular to the direction of the applied electric and magnetic fields. We show, via Monte Carlo studies, that motion along the field direction can impact the magnitude of this false EDM signal if the wall surfaces are rough such that the wall collisions can be modeled as diffuse, with the results dependent on the size of the storage cell's dimension along the field direction.

H. Yan; B. Plaster

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

284

An Alkali-Vapor Cell with Metal Coated Windows for Efficient Application of an Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the implementation of a cylindrical T-shaped alkali-vapor cell for laser spectroscopy in the presence of a longitudinal electric field. The two windows are used as two electrodes of the high-voltage assembly, which is made possible by a metallic coating which entirely covers the inner and outer sides of the windows except for a central area to let the laser beams in and out of the cell. This allows very efficient application of the electric field, up to 2 kV/cm in a rather dense superheated vapor, even when significant photoemission takes place at the windows during pulsed laser irradiation. The body of the cell is made of sapphire or alumina ceramic to prevent large currents resulting from surface conduction observed in cesiated glass cells. The technique used to attach the monocrystalline sapphire windows to the cell body causes minimal stress birefringence in the windows. In addition, reflection losses at the windows can be made very small. The vapor cell operates with no buffer gas and has no ...

Sarkisyan, D; Guena, J; Lintz, M; Bouchiat, M A; Sarkisyan, David; Gu\\'{e}na, Jocelyne; Lintz, Michel; Bouchiat, Marie-Anne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Quasi-universal transient behavior of a nonequilibrium Mott insulator driven by an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a self-consistent strong-coupling expansion for the self-energy (perturbation theory in the hopping) to describe the nonequilibrium dynamics of strongly correlated lattice fermions. We study the three-dimensional homogeneous Fermi-Hubbard model driven by an external electric field showing that the damping of the ensuing Bloch oscillations depends on the direction of the field, and that for a broad range of field strengths, a long-lived transient prethermalized state emerges. This long-lived transient regime implies that thermal equilibrium may be out of reach of the time scales accessible in present cold atom experiments, but shows that an interesting new quasi-universal transient state exists in nonequilibrium governed by a thermalized kinetic energy but not a thermalized potential energy. In addition, when the field strength is equal in magnitude to the interaction between atoms, the system undergoes a rapid thermalization, characterized by a different quasi-universal behavior of the current and spectral function for different values of the hopping.

K. Mikelsons; J. K. Freericks; H. R. Krishnamurthy

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

286

Stator for a rotating electrical machine having multiple control windings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating electric machine is provided which includes multiple independent control windings for compensating for rotor imbalances and for levitating/centering the rotor. The multiple independent control windings are placed at different axial locations along the rotor to oppose forces created by imbalances at different axial locations along the rotor. The multiple control windings can also be used to levitate/center the rotor with a relatively small magnetic field per unit area since the rotor and/or the main power winding provides the bias field.

Shah, Manoj R. (Latham, NY); Lewandowski, Chad R. (Amsterdam, NY)

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

287

MOA: Magnetic Field Oscillating Amplified Thruster and its Application for Nuclear Electric and Thermal Propulsion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 60 years after the later Nobel laureate Hannes Alfven had published a letter stating that oscillating magnetic fields can accelerate ionised matter via magneto-hydrodynamic interactions in a wave like fashion, the technical implementation of Alfven waves for propulsive purposes has been proposed, patented and examined for the first time by a group of inventors. The name of the concept, utilising Alfven waves to accelerate ionised matter for propulsive purposes, is MOA - Magnetic field Oscillating Amplified thruster. Alfven waves are generated by making use of two coils, one being permanently powered and serving also as magnetic nozzle, the other one being switched on and off in a cyclic way, deforming the field lines of the overall system. It is this deformation that generates Alfven waves, which are in the next step used to transport and compress the propulsive medium, in theory leading to a propulsion system with a much higher performance than any other electric propulsion system. Based on computer simulations, which were conducted to get a first estimate on the performance of the system, MOA is a highly flexible propulsion system, whose performance parameters might easily be adapted, by changing the mass flow and/or the power level. As such the system is capable to deliver a maximum specific impulse of 13116 s (12.87 mN) at a power level of 11.16 kW, using Xe as propellant, but can also be attuned to provide a thrust of 236.5 mN (2411 s) at 6.15 kW of power. While space propulsion is expected to be the prime application for MOA and is supported by numerous applications such as Solar and/or Nuclear Electric Propulsion or even as an 'afterburner system' for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion, other terrestrial applications can be thought of as well, making the system highly suited for a common space-terrestrial application research and utilisation strategy. (authors)

Frischauf, Norbert [QASAR Technologie(s) GmbH, Johann Gottekgasse 39, A-1230, Vienna (Austria); Hettmer, Manfred; Grassauer, Andreas; Bartusch, Tobias [QASAR Technologie(s) GmbH, Johann Gottekgasse 39, A-1230, Vienna (Austria); Koudelka, Otto [Institute of Communication Networks and Satellite Communication, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 12/I, A-8010 Graz (Austria)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Electric-field-controlled water and ion permeation of a hydrophobic nanopore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the inhomogeneous electric-?eld distribution E?r , z = z c ?which, in the absence of the electric ?eld due to the chargereservoirs, and hence the electric ?eld inside the pore. The

Dzubiella, J; Hansen, J P

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Field Testing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Charge Control...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

over future resource availability and the environmental impacts of continued fossil-fuel consumption. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), electric vehicles, and fuel cell...

290

A Poisson-Boltzmann approach for a lipid membrane in an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of a non-conductive quasi-planar lipid membrane in an electrolyte and in a static (DC) electric field is investigated theoretically in the nonlinear (Poisson-Boltzmann) regime. Electrostatic effects due to charges in the membrane lipids and in the double layers lead to corrections to the membrane elastic moduli which are analyzed here. We show that, especially in the low salt limit, i) the electrostatic contribution to the membrane's surface tension due to the Debye layers crosses over from a quadratic behavior in the externally applied voltage to a linear voltage regime. ii) the contribution to the membrane's bending modulus due to the Debye layers saturates for high voltages. Nevertheless, the membrane undulation instability due to an effectively negative surface tension as predicted by linear Debye-H\\"uckel theory is shown to persist in the nonlinear, high voltage regime.

Falko Ziebert; David Lacoste

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

291

The dynamics of 1D Bloch electrons in constant electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of a 1D Bloch electron subjected to a constant electric field. The periodic potential is supposed to be less singular than the $\\delta $-like potential (Dirac comb). We give a rigorous proof of Ao's result \\cite{Ao} that for a large class of initial conditions (high momentum regime) there is no localization in momentum space. The proof is based on the mathematical substantiation of the two simplifying assumptions made in physical literature: the transitions between far away bands can be neglected and the transitions at the quasi-crossing can be described by Landau-Zener like formulae. Using the connection between the above model and the driven quantum ring (DQR) shown by Avron and Nemirovski \\cite{AvN}, our results imply the increase of energy for weakly singular such DQR and appropiate initial conditions.

F. Bentosela; P. Duclos; G. Nenciu; V. Moldoveanu

2004-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

Angular Averaged Profiling of the Radial Electric Field in Compensated FTICR Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent publication from this laboratory (1) reported a theoretical analysis comparing approaches for creating harmonic ICR cells. We considered two examples of static segmented cells - namely, a seven segment cell developed in this laboratory (2) and one described by Rempel et al (3), along with a recently described dynamically harmonized cell (4). This conceptual design for a dynamically harmonized cell has now been reduced to practice and first experimental results obtained with this cell were recently reported in this journal (5). This publication reports details of cell construction and describes its performance in a 7 Tesla Fourier Transform mass spectrometer. Herein, we describe the extension of theoretical analysis presented in (1) to include angular-averaged radial electric field calculations and a discussion of the influence of trapping plates.

Tolmachev, Aleksey V.; Robinson, Errol W.; Wu, Si; Smith, Richard D.; Futrell, Jean H.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

293

Magnetism of Semiconductor-Based Magnetic Tunnel Junctions under Electric Field from First Principles  

SciTech Connect

Semiconductor magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs), composed of diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMSs) sandwiching a semiconductor barrier, have potential applications in spintronics but their development has been slow due to the difficulty of controlling the magnetism of DMSs. In terms of density functional calculations for model semiconductor MTJs, (Zn,Co)O/ZnO/(Zn,Co)O and (Ga,Mn)N/GaN/(Ga,Mn)N, we show that the magnetic coupling between the transition metal ions in each DMS electrode of such semiconductor MTJs can be switched from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic, or vice versa, under the application of external electric field across the junctions. Our results suggest a possible avenue for the application of semiconductor MTJs.

Kan, E.; Xiang, H.; Yang, J.; Whangbo, M. H.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Impact of residential photovoltaics on electric utilities: some evidence from field test and simulation  

SciTech Connect

The adoption of residential photovoltaics will affect the load profile of electric utilities, the adequacy and reliability of their capacity, and their consumption of fuels. Impacts are examined by a comparison of the actual load profile facing a Texas utility with solar outputs from both TRNSYS simulations and a test array in Fort Worth. Array output is scaled up parametrically to represent different levels of solar penetration. The reductions in peak load and loss-of-load probability indicate that the adoption of 5 kW arrays by 50% of the residences reduces capacity requirements by only 4%. The value of utility savings will exceed the cost of the PV systems before 1990. The field test results are more favorable than the simulation.

Katzman, M.T.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT E-li, ( -,v? Cl -p4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson...

296

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y$ \I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT !E-li, ( \-,v? Cl -p/4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson General ?!!mager Atomic Qxzgy Commission 1901 Constitution Avenue Kashington, D. C. Dear Sir: In the course of OUT nuclenr research we are planning to study the enc:ri;y threshold anti cross section for fission. For thib program we require a s<>piAroted sample of metallic Uranium 258 of high purity. A quantity of at lezst 5 grams would probably be sufficient for our purpose, and this was included in our 3@icntion for license to the Atonic Energy Coskqission.. This license has been approved, 2nd rre would Llp!Jreciate informztion as to how to ?r*oceed to obtain thit: m2teria.l.

297

Simulation of a two-dimensional model for colloids in a uniaxial electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform Monte Carlo simulations of a simplified two-dimensional model for colloidal hard spheres in an external uniaxial AC electric field. Experimentally, the external field induces dipole moments in the colloidal particles, which in turn form chains. We therefore approximate the system as composed of well formed chains of dipolar hard spheres of a uniform length. The dipolar interaction between colloidal spheres gives rise to an effective interaction between the chains, which we treat as disks in a plane, that includes a short range attraction and long range repulsion. Hence, the system favors finite clustering over bulk phase separation and indeed we observe at low temperature and density that the system does form a cluster phase. As density increases, percolation is accompanied by a pressure anomaly. The percolated phase, despite being composed of connected, locally crystalline domains, does not bear the typical signatures of a hexatic phase. At very low densities, we find no indication of a "void phase" with a cellular structure seen recently in experiments.

Ahmad M. Almudallal; Ivan Saika-Voivod

2011-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

298

Spark-plasma Sintering vs. High Voltage Electric Discharge ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High voltage electric discharge consolidation (HVEDC) includes high axial pressure and discharge of the electrical energy stored in capacitors, thus enabling a...

299

Incorporation of the effect of the composite electric fields of molecular ions as a simulation tool for biological damage due to heavy-ion irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical study of the DNA damage due to the effect of the composite electric fields of H{sub 2}O{sup +} ions produced from the irradiation of a heavy ion onto a cell. A model for atomic and molecular processes in strong electric fields is developed. It is found that the composite electric fields increase the number of events of electron-impact ionization processes. This may promote DNA damage.

Moribayashi, Kengo [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa-City, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan) and Faculty of Life and Medical Sciences, Doshisha University, 1-3 Tatara Miyakodani, Kyotanabe City, Kyoto 610-0394 (Japan)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Dynamic electric fields and double layers in laser-produced plasmas  

SciTech Connect

This paper traces the historical development of electric double layers. Properties of laser produced plasmas are discussed.

Soreq, S.E. (Nuclear Research Center, Plasma Physics Dept., Yavne (IL)); Hora, H. (New South Wales Univ., Kensington (Australia). Dept. of Theoretical Physics)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Laboratory and Field Measurements of Electrical Resistivity to Determine Saturation and Detect Fractures in a Heated Rock Mass  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratory measurements of the electrical resistivity of intact and fractured representative geothermal reservoir rocks were performed to investigate the resistivity contrast caused by active boiling and to infer saturation and fracture location in a large-scale field test. Measurements were performed to simulate test conditions with confining pressures up to 100 bars and temperatures to 145 C. Measurements presented are a first step toward making the search for fractures using electrical methods quantitatively. Intact samples showed a gradual resistivity increase when pore pressure was decreased below the phase-boundary pressure of free water, while fractured samples show a larger resistivity change at the onset of boiling. The resistivity change is greatest for samples with the most exposed surface area. Analysis of a field test provided the opportunity to evaluate fracture detection using electrical methods at a large scale. Interpretation of electrical resistance tomography (ERT) images of resistivity contrasts, aided by laboratory derived resistivity-saturation-temperature relationships, indicates that dynamic saturation changes in a heated rock mass are observable and that fractures experiencing drying or resaturation can be identified. The same techniques can be used to locate fractures in geothermal reservoirs using electrical field methods.

Roberts, J J; Ramirez, A; Carlson, S; Ralph, W; Bonner, B P

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

302

CMOS Open Defect Detection Based on Supply Current in Time-Variable Electric Field and Supply Voltage Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new test method is proposed for detecting open defects in CMOS ICs. The method is based on supply current of ICs generated by applying time-variable supply voltage and electric field from the outside of the ICs. The feasibility of the ...

Masaki Hashizume; Masahiro Ichimiya; Hiroyuki Yotsuyanagi; Takeomi Tamesada

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required by this legislation, the EMF Interagency Committee, the National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC), and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) are providing valued input and advice for the direction of this program. With this input and advice, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) have developed and are implementing five-year program plans. Multi-year health effects research projects and related EMF measurement and exposure assessment projects are underway using funds appropriated in fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 together with voluntary non-Federal contributions. The results of these research projects, along with the results of other EMF research, will be used as input to the hazard evaluation effort, which is the focus of the EMF RAPID Program. A coordinated interagency program is underway to communicate needed information on the EMF issue in a clear manner to the public and other decision makers.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Lorentz Transformations of the Electric and Magnetic Fields According to Minkowski  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The usual transformations (UT) of the 3-vectors E and B that are found by Lorentz, Poincar\\'{e} and independently by Einstein in 1905. are generally considered to be the Lorentz transformations (LT) of E and B. According to the UT E in one frame is 'seen' as E' and B' in a relatively moving frame. In Minkowski's last paper, in 1908. in section 11.6, he defined the vectors (with four components) of the electric $\\Phi $ and magnetic $\\Psi $ fields and discovered that, e.g., $\\Phi $ correctly transforms by the LT again to $\\Phi ^{\\prime}$. His correct LT are reinvented in, e.g., [11] ([11] Ivezi\\'{c} T 2005 Found. Phys. Lett. 18 301). In this paper we show the essential similarity and some differences between Minkowski's relations in section 11.6 and the results obtained in [11]. The low-velocity limit of the UT and the LT is briefly examined. A short discussion of the comparison with the Trouton-Noble experiment is presented.

Tomislav Ivezic

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

305

Stator for Rotating Electrical Machine Having Multiple Controlwindings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating electric machine is provided which includes multiple independent control windings for compensating for rotor imbalances and for levitating/centering the rotor. The multiple independent control windings are placed at different axial locations along the rotor to oppose forces created by imbalances at different axial locations along the rotor. The multiple control windings can also be used to levitate/center the rotor with a relatively small magnetic field per unit area since the rotor and/or the main power winding provides the biasfield.

Shah, Manoj R.; Lewandowski, Chad R.

1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

306

The probability distribution of the number of electron-positron pairs produced in a uniform electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The probability-generating function of the number of electron-positron pairs produced in a uniform electric field is constructed. The mean and variance of the numbers of pairs are calculated, and analytical expressions for the probability of low numbers of electron-positron pairs are given. A recursive formula is derived for evaluating the probability of any number of pairs. In electric fields of supercritical strength |eE| > \\pi m^2/ \\ln 2, where e is the electron charge, E is the electric field, and m is the electron mass, a branch-point singularity of the probability-generating function penetrates the unit circle |z| = 1, which leads to the asymptotic divergence of the cumulative probability. This divergence indicates a failure of the continuum limit approximation. In the continuum limit and for any field strength, the positive definiteness of the probability is violated in the tail of the distribution. Analyticity, convergence, and positive definiteness are restored upon the summation over discrete levels of electrons in the normalization volume. Numerical examples illustrating the field strength dependence of the asymptotic behavior of the probability distribution are presented.

M. I. Krivoruchenko

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

307

Detailed Discussion of a linear electric field frequency shift induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient: Implications for neutron electric dipole moment experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments (edm) is one of the best places to look for physics beyond the standard model because the size of time reversal violation predicted by the standard model is incompatible with present ideas concerning the creation of the Baryon-Antibaryon asymmetry. As the sensitivity of these edm searches increases more subtle systematic effects become important. We develop a general analytical approach to describe a systematic effect recently observed in an electric dipole moment experiment using stored particles \\cite{JMP}. Our approach is based on the relationship between the systematic frequency shift and the velocity autocorrelation function of the resonating particles. Our results, when applied to well-known limiting forms of the correlation function, are in good agreement with both the limiting cases studied in recent work that employed a numerical/heuristic analysis. Our general approach explains some of the surprising results observed in that work and displays the rich behavior of the shift for intermediate frequencies, which has not been previously studied.

S. K. Lamoreaux; R. Golub

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

308

Field Operations Program - U.S. Postal Service - Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has ordered 500 light-duty electric carrier route vehicles (ECRV) mostly for their delivery carriers to use in several California locations. The 500 ECRVs have been defined as a demonstration fleet to support a decision of potentially ordering 5,500 additional ECRVs. Several different test methods are being used by the USPS to evaluate the 500-vehicle deployment. One of these test methods is the ECRV Customer Acceptance Test Program at Fountain Valley, California. Two newly manufactured ECRVs were delivered to the Fountain Valley Post Office and eighteen mail carriers primarily drove the ECRVs on ''park and loop'' mail delivery routes for a period of 2 days each. This ECRV testing consisted of 36 route tests, 18 tests per vehicle. The 18 mail carriers testing the ECRVs were surveyed for the opinions on the performance of the ECRVs. The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Field Operations Program, is supporting the USPS's ECRV testing activities both financially and with technical expertise. As part of this support, Field Operations Program personnel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have compiled this report based on the data generated by the USPS and its testing contractor (Ryerson, Master and Associates, Inc.) During the 36 route tests, the two test vehicles were driven a total of 474 miles, averaging 13 mile per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of-Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests. During these 28 tests, the ECRVs were driven a total of 447 miles. The SOC used during the 28 tests averaged a 41% decrease and the average distance driven was 16 miles. This suggests that a 16-mile route uses almost half of the ECRV's battery energy. The 18 carriers also rated 12 ECRV traits that included the physical design of the ECRVs as well as their performance. Based on a scale of 1 being the lowest and 5 being highest, or best, the overall average score for the ECRV was 4.3. The report also included individual comments from the ECRV drivers.

Francfort, J.E.

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Field Operations Program - US Postal Service Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

SciTech Connect

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has ordered 500 light-duty electric carrier route vehicles (ECRV) mostly for their delivery carriers to use in several California locations. The 500 ECRVs have been defined as a demonstration fleet to support a decision of potentially ordering 5,500 additional ECRVs. Several different test methods are being used by the USPS to evaluate the 500-vehicle deployment. One of these test methods is the ECRV Customer Acceptance Test Program at Fountain Valley, California. Two newly manufactured ECRVs were delivered to the Fountain Valey Post Office and eighteen mail carriers primarily drove the ECRVs on "park and loop" mail delivery routes for a period of 2 days each. This ECRV testing consisted of 36 route tests, 18 tests per vehicle. The 18 mail carriers testing the ECRVs were surveyed for the opinions on the performance of the ECRVs. The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Field Operations Program, is supporting the USPS's ECRV testing activities both financially and with technical expertise. As part of this support, Field Operations Program personnel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have compiled this report based on the data generated by the USPS and its testing contractor (Ryerson, Master and Associates, Inc.) During the 36 route tests, the two test vehicles were driven a total of 474 miles, averaging 13 mile per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of-Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests. During these 28 tests, the ECRVs were driven a total of 447 miles. The SOC used during the 28 tests averaged a 41% decrease and the average distance driven was 16 miles. This suggests that a 16-mile route uses almost half of the ECRV's battery energy. The 18 carriers also rated 12 ECRV traits that included the physical design of the ECRVs as well as their performance. Based on a scale of 1 being the lowest and 5 being highest, or best, the overall average score for the ECRV was 4.3. The report also included individual comments from the ECRV drivers.

Francfort, James Edward

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Field Measurements of Heating Efficiency of Electric Forced-Air Furnaces in Six Manufactured Homes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of field measurements of heating efficiency for six manufactured homes in the Pacific Northwest heated with electric forced-air systems. This is the first in a series of regional and national efforts to measure in detail the heating efficiency of manufactured homes. Only six homes were included in this study because of budgetary constraints; therefore this is not a representative sample. These investigations do provide some useful information on the heating efficiency of these homes. Useful comparisons can be drawn between these study homes and site-built heating efficiencies measured with a similar protocol. The protocol used to test these homes is very similar to another Ecotope protocol used in the study conducted in 1992 and 1993 for the Bonneville Power Administration to test the heating efficiency of 24 homes. This protocol combined real-time power measurements of furnace energy usage with energy usage during co-heat periods. Accessory data such as house and duct tightness measurements and tracer gas measurements were used to describe these homes and their heating system efficiency. Ensuring that manufactured housing is constructed in an energy and resource efficient manner is of increasing concern to manufactured home builders and consumers. No comparable work has been done to measure the heating system efficiency of MCS manufactured homes, although some co-heat tests have been performed on manufactured homes heated with natural gas to validate HUD thermal standards. It is expected that later in 1994 more research of this kind will be conducted, and perhaps a less costly and less time-consuming method for testing efficiencies will be develops.

Davis, Bob; Palmiter, Larry S.; Siegel, Jeff

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

311

PILOT-SCALE FIELD VALIDATION OF THE LONG ELECTRODE ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY TOMOGRAPHY METHOD  

SciTech Connect

Field validation for the long electrode electrical resistivity tomography (LE-ERT) method was attempted in order to demonstrate the performance of the technique in imaging a simple buried target. The experiment was an approximately 1/17 scale mock-up of a region encompassing a buried nuclear waste tank on the Hanford site. The target of focus was constructed by manually forming a simulated plume within the vadose zone using a tank waste simulant. The LE-ERT results were compared to ERT using conventional point electrodes on the surface and buried within the survey domain. Using a pole-pole array, both point and long electrode imaging techniques identified the lateral extents of the pre-formed plume with reasonable fidelity, but the LE-ERT was handicapped in reconstructing the vertical boundaries. The pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays were also tested with the LE-ERT method and were shown to have the least favorable target properties, including the position of the reconstructed plume relative to the known plume and the intensity of false positive targets. The poor performance of the pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays was attributed to an inexhaustive and non-optimal coverage of data at key electrodes, as well as an increased noise for electrode combinations with high geometric factors. However, when comparing the model resolution matrix among the different acquisition strategies, the pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays using long electrodes were shown to have significantly higher average and maximum values than any pole-pole array. The model resolution describes how well the inversion model resolves the subsurface. Given the model resolution performance of the pole-dipole and dipole-dipole arrays, it may be worth investing in tools to understand the optimum subset of randomly distributed electrode pairs to produce maximum performance from the inversion model.

GLASER DR; RUCKER DF; CROOK N; LOKE MH

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

312

In situ transmission electron microscopy study of electric-field-induced microcracking in single crystal Pb,,Mg13Nb23...O3 PbTiO3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In situ transmission electron microscopy study of electric-field-induced microcracking in single March 2000; accepted for publication 2 May 2000 In this letter, we report in situ transmission electron microscopy TEM study of effect of a cyclic electric field on microcracking in a single crystal piezoelectric

Chen, Haydn H.

313

MHK Technologies/Current Electric Generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generator Generator < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Current Electric Generator.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Current Electric Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Current Electric Generator will create electricity in three different processes simultaniously by harnessing the motion of water current to rotate the generator Two forms of magnetic induction and solar cells on the outer housing will produce electricity very efficiently The generators will be wired up together in large fields on open waterways sumerged from harm The electricity will be sent back to mainland via an underwater wire for consumption The Current Electric Generator is designed with the environment in mind and will primarilly be constructed from recycled materials cutting emmisions cost

314

Electric-Field Enhancement by Nodular Defects in Multilayer Coatings Irradiated at Normal and 45 (degree) Incidence  

SciTech Connect

The standing-wave electric-field profile within multilayer coatings is significantly perturbated by a nodular defect. The intensity, which is proportional to the electric field squared, is increased in the high index material by {>=}3x at normal incidence and {>=}12x at 45 degrees incidence angle. Therefore it is not surprising that nodular defects are initiation sites of laser-induced damage. In this study, the impact of reflectance-band centering and incident angle are explored for a 1 {micro}m diameter nodular defect seed overcoated with a 24 layer high-reflector constructed of quarter-wave thick alternating layers of hafnia and silica. The modeling was performed using a three-dimensional finite-element analysis code.

Stolz, C J; Genin, F Y; Pistor,T V

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

315

Electric air filtration: theory, laboratory studies, hardware development, and field evaluations  

SciTech Connect

We summarize the results of a seven-year research project for the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop electric air filters that extend the service life of high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters used in the nuclear industry. This project was unique to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and it entailed comprehensive theory, laboratory studies, and hardware development. We present our work in three major areas: (1) theory of and instrumentation for filter test methods, (2) theoretical and laboratory studies of electric air filters, and (3) development and evaluation of eight experimental electric air filters.

Bergman, W.; Biermann, A.; Kuhl, W.; Lum, B.; Bogdanoff, A.; Hebard, H.; Hall, M.; Banks, D.; Mazumder, M.; Johnson, J.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Hydrogen atom in crossed electric and magnetic fields: Phase space topology and torus quantization via periodic orbits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hierarchical ordering is demonstrated for the periodic orbits in a strongly coupled multidimensional Hamiltonian system, namely the hydrogen atom in crossed electric and magnetic fields. It mirrors the hierarchy of broken resonant tori and thereby allows one to characterize the periodic orbits by a set of winding numbers. With this knowledge, we construct the action variables as functions of the frequency ratios and carry out a semiclassical torus quantization. The semiclassical energy levels thus obtained agree well with exact quantum calculations.

Stephan Gekle; Jrg Main; Thomas Bartsch; T. Uzer

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

317

A MEMS-based, high-resolution Electric-Field meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In MEMS-based inertial sensors, such as accelerometers and gyroscopes, known electrical waveforms are applied to a modulating capacitive element to determine an unknown deflection. However, the inverse of this scheme can ...

Shafran, John Sawa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Investigation of the internal electric field in cadmium zinc telluride detectors using the Pockels effect and the analysis of charge transients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Pockels electro-optic effect can be used to investigate the internal electric field in cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) single crystals that are used to fabricate room temperature x and gamma radiation detectors. An agreement is found between the electric field mapping obtained from Pockels effect images and the measurements of charge transients generated by alpha particles. The Pockels effect images of a CZT detector along two mutually perpendicular directions are used to optimize the detector response in a dual anode configuration, a device in which the symmetry of the internal electric field with respect to the anode strips is of critical importance. The Pockels effect is also used to map the electric field in a CZT detector with dual anodes and an attempt is made to find a correlation with the simulated electric potential in such detectors. Finally, the stress-induced birefringence effects seen in the Pockels images are presented and discussed.

Groza, Michael; Cui Yunlong; Buliga, Vladimir; Guo, Mingsheng; Coca, Constantine; Burger, Arnold [Department of Physics, Fisk University, 1000 17th Ave., Nashville, Tennessee 37208 (United States); Krawczynski, Henric; Garson, Alfred III; Martin, Jerrad W.; Lee, Kuen; Li Qiang; Beilicke, Matthias [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington University in St. Louis, 1 Brookings Dr., CB 1105, St. Louis, Missouri 61130 (United States)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Quantifying the Effects of Interfacial Electric Fields and Local Crystallinity on Polymer-Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cell Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The challenges of experimentally probing the physical and electronic structures of the highly intermixed organic semiconductor blends that comprise active layers in high-performance organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells ultimately limit the fundamental understanding of the device performance. We use Fourier-transform IR (FTIR)-absorption spectroscopy to quantitatively determine the interfacial electric field in blended poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):phenyl- C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) thin films. The interfacial electric field is {approx}0.2 V nm{sup -1} in the as-spun film and blends annealing at temperatures as high as 150 C, which is the optimal annealing temperature in terms of OPV performance. The field decreases to a negligible value upon further annealing to 170 C, at which temperature PCBM changes from amorphous to crystalline and the open-circuit voltage of the solar cell decreases from 0.62 to 0.4 V. In addition, our measurements also allow determination of the absolute degree of crystallinity within the acceptor material. The roles of interfacial field and local crystallinity in OPV device performance are discussed.

Gearba, R.I.; Black, C.; Mills, T.; Morris, J.; Pindak, R.; Zhu, X.-Y.

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

320

PWR AXIAL BURNUP PROFILE ANALYSIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this activity is to develop a representative ''limiting'' axial burnup profile for pressurized water reactors (PWRs), which would encompass the isotopic axial variations caused by different assembly irradiation histories, and produce conservative isotopics with respect to criticality. The effect that the low burnup regions near the ends of spent fuel have on system reactivity is termed the ''end-effect''. This calculation will quantify the end-effects associated with Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) fuel assemblies emplaced in a hypothetical 21 PWR waste package. The scope of this calculation covers an initial enrichment range of 3.0 through 5.0 wt% U-235 and a burnup range of 10 through 50 GWd/MTU. This activity supports the validation of the process for ensuring conservative generation of spent fuel isotopics with respect to criticality safety applications, and the use of burnup credit for commercial spent nuclear fuel. The intended use of these results will be in the development of PWR waste package loading curves, and applications involving burnup credit. Limitations of this evaluation are that the limiting profiles are only confirmed for use with the B&W 15 x 15 fuel assembly design. However, this assembly design is considered bounding of all other typical commercial PWR fuel assembly designs. This calculation is subject to the Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) because this activity supports investigations of items or barriers on the Q-list (YMP 2001).

J.M. Acaglione

2003-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Energy harvesting efficiency of piezoelectric flags in axial flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-sustained oscillations resulting from fluid-solid instabilities, such as the flutter of a flexible flag in axial flow, can be used to harvest energy if one is able to convert the solid energy into electricity. Here, this is achieved using piezoelectric patches attached to the surface of the flag that convert the solid deformation into an electric current powering purely resistive output circuits. Nonlinear numerical simulations in the slender-body limit, based on an explicit description of the coupling between the fluid-solid and electric systems, are used to determine the harvesting efficiency of the system, namely the fraction of the flow kinetic energy flux effectively used to power the output circuit, and its evolution with the system's parameters. The role of the tuning between the characteristic frequencies of the fluid-solid and electric systems is emphasized, as well as the critical impact of the piezoelectric coupling intensity. High fluid loading, classically associated with destabilization by ...

Michelin, Sebastien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

About possibility to measure an electric dipole moment (EDM) of nuclei in the range $10^{-27} 10^{-32}$ $e \\cdot cm$ in experiments for search of time-reversal violating generation of magnetic and electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility to measure an electric dipole moment (EDM) of nuclei in the range $10^{-27} \\div 10^{-32}$ $e \\cdot cm$ in experiments for search of time-reversal violating generation of magnetic and electric fields is discussed.

Vladimir Baryshevsky

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

323

Electron Diamagnetic Effect on Axial Force in an Expanding Plasma: Experiments and Theory  

SciTech Connect

The axial force imparted from a magnetically expanding current-free plasma is directly measured for three different experimental configurations and compared with a two-dimensional fluid theory. The force component solely resulting from the expanding field is directly measured and identified as an axial force produced by the azimuthal current due to an electron diamagnetic drift and the radial component of the magnetic field. The experimentally measured forces are well described by the theory.

Takahashi, Kazunori [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8551 (Japan); Lafleur, Trevor; Charles, Christine; Alexander, Peter; Boswell, Rod W. [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

324

Save Energy with Axial Fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are several ways to save energy in wet cooling towers and air cooled heat exchangers using axial fans. This paper will discuss ways to improve fan system efficiency in wet and dry towers both during the design phase and after installation by specifying energy efficient equipment. Variable pitch fan versus fixed pitch fan operation is discussed in terms of energy savings and means of control. The areas of interest to wet cooling tower users would be the influence on fan diameter and operating point on horsepower, how and when are velocity recovery stacks effective, the effect of varying fan speed to improve efficiency, and tip clearance effects. The areas of interest to dry tower (air cooled heat exchanger) users would be the effect of inlet losses, approach velocity losses, and losses due to air recirculation.

Monroe, R. C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Orientation of stationary axial collectors  

SciTech Connect

Attention is drawn to the fact that stationary solar collectors with axial symmetry have a third degree of freedom which must be considered, in addition to their azimuth and tilt angles, if their orientation is to be optimized on an annual or seasonal basis. The authors set up the equations needed to describe collector orientation in terms of all angles, including this extra degree of freedom which they refer to as skewness. Examples of the use of these equations are then given, both for northern and southern latitudes, which illustrate the manner in which skewness may be taken into consideration and highlight the importance of doing this. For the sake of simplicity the illustrative examples treat only the direct beam component of the total insolation intercepted by the collector.

Faiman, D.; Mills, D.R. (Sydney Univ., New South Wales (Australia))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Testing of T-odd, P-even interactions by nonpolarized neutron transmission through a nonpolarized nuclear target placed into electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new possibility for the study of time-reversal violation is described. It consists in measurement of nonpolarized neutron transmission through nonpolarized nuclear target placed into electric field

V. G. Baryshevsky

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Estimation of Lightning Stroke Peak Current as a Function of Peak Electric Field and the Normalized Amplitude of Signal Strength: Corrections and Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have made connections and improvements to published equations relating the peak current and the peak electric field intensity for return strokes of cloud-to-ground lightning. The original published equations were derived from ...

Y. P. Liaw; D. R. Cook; D. L. Sisterson

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

IEEE Transaction on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-103, No. 7, July 1984 METHOD FOR EVALUATING HUMAN EXPOSURE TO 60 HZ ELECTRIC FIELDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

readout. It has been used in Sweden to compare measured exposures of substation workers to those based presents a method for evaluating human exposure to electric fields that is suitable for back- ground

Park, Seong-Ook

329

Electric fields, electron production, and electron motion at the stripper foil in the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The beam instability at the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring (PSR) most likely involves coupled oscillations between electrons and protons. For this instability to occur, there must be a strong source of electrons. Investigation of the various sources of electrons in the PSR had begun. Copious electron production is expected in the injection section because this section contains the stripper foil. This foil is mounted near the center of the beam pipe, and both circulating and injected protons pass through it, thus allowing ample opportunity for electron production. This paper discusses various mechanisms for electron production, beam-induced electric fields, and electron motion in the vicinity of the foil.

Plum, M.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Casimir dependence of transverse distribution of pairs produced from a strong constant chromo-electric background field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transverse distribution of gluon and quark-antiquark pairs produced from a strong constant chromo-electric field depends on two gauge invariant quantities, $C_1=E^aE^a$ and $C_2=[d_{abc}E^aE^bE^c]^2$, as shown earlier in [G.C. Nayak and P. van Nieuwenhuizen, Phys. Rev. D 71, 125001 (2005)] for gluons and in [G.C. Nayak, Phys. Rev. D 72, 125010 (2005)] for quarks. Here, we discuss the explicit dependence of the distribution on the second Casimir invariant, C_2, and show the dependence is at most a 15% effect.

Fred Cooper; John F. Dawson; Bogdan Mihaila

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

331

Casimir dependence of transverse distribution of pairs produced from a strong constant chromo-electric background field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transverse distribution of gluon and quark-antiquark pairs produced from a strong constant chromo-electric field depends on two gauge invariant quantities, $C_1=E^aE^a$ and $C_2=[d_{abc}E^aE^bE^c]^2$, as shown earlier in [G.C. Nayak and P. van Nieuwenhuizen, Phys. Rev. D 71, 125001 (2005)] for gluons and in [G.C. Nayak, Phys. Rev. D 72, 125010 (2005)] for quarks. Here, we discuss the explicit dependence of the distribution on the second Casimir invariant, C_2, and show the dependence is at most a 15% effect.

Cooper, Fred; Mihaila, Bogdan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Magnetic field characterization of electrical appliances as point sources through in situ measurements  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that magnetic field exposure from a point source can be studied by characterizing the source with a magnetic dipole. A technique based on in situ measurements of amplitude and phase angle of three orthogonal components of the magnetic field at three points at different distances from the source was developed. The method to determine the center and the real and imaginary components of the dipole moment along the three aces is described. The characterization of the source allows the prediction of the field at any distance and along any direction from the source. The effects of background fields and of the source dimensions and complexity on the accuracy of the results are discussed.

Zaffanella, L.E.; Sullivan, T.P. [Enertech Consultants, Lee, MA (United States); Visintainer, I. [CESI, Milan (Italy)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Electric field control of domain wall propagation in Pt/Co/GdOx films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of a gate voltage on domain wall (DW) propagation is investigated in ultrathin Pt/Co/gadolinium oxide (GdOx) films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The DW propagation field can be enhanced or retarded ...

Bauer, Uwe

334

Field data collection of miscellaneous electrical loads in Northern California: Initial results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Individual device metering (e.g. , Cheung et al. 2012,al. 2012). In general, device metering is the most accuratemetered data. The field metering activity described in this

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Research on the MPCG algorithm applied in the three dimensional electric field calculation of SF6 circuit breaker in three-phase-in-one tank GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the structure miniaturization of SF6 Circuit Breaker in three-phase-in-one-tank GIS, improvement of internal structure design and layout should be taken into account to balance the electric field intensity distribution among phases. By ... Keywords: GIS(gas insulated switchgear), MPCG(modified preconditioned conjugate gradient), circuit breaker, electric field calculation, finite element method, sparse matrix, three dimensional, three-phase-in-one-tank

Ma Ai-qing; Jiang Xiu-chen; Zeng Yi

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Yard Tractor: Field Demonstration Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fuel economy results for US Hybrid's plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) yard tractor, like all PHEVs, is sensitive to the manner in which the operator uses the vehicle and also to different duty cycles, terrain, temperature, and the frequency of charging. At three of the ports, the PHEV operated with a fuel consumption of 1.0 to 1.2 gallons per hour (gph) and 2.3 to 5.7 miles per gallon (mpg) in various duty modes. At the Port of Savannah, where it was solidly operated for only a week, it obtaine...

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

337

X-ray emission from a nanosecond-pulse discharge in an inhomogeneous electric field at atmospheric pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes experimental studies of the dependence of the X-ray intensity on the anode material in nanosecond high-voltage discharges. The discharges were generated by two nanosecond-pulse generators in atmospheric air with a highly inhomogeneous electric field by a tube-plate gap. The output pulse of the first generator (repetitive pulse generator) has a rise time of about 15 ns and a full width at half maximum of 30-40 ns. The output of the second generator (single pulse generator) has a rise time of about 0.3 ns and a full width at half maximum of 1 ns. The electrical characteristics and the X-ray emission of nanosecond-pulse discharge in atmospheric air are studied by the measurement of voltage-current waveforms, discharge images, X-ray count and dose. Our experimental results showed that the anode material rarely affects electrical characteristics, but it can significantly affect the X-ray density. Comparing the density of X-rays, it was shown that the highest x-rays density occurred in the diffuse discharge in repetitive pulse mode, then the spark discharge with a small air gap, and then the corona discharge with a large air gap, in which the X-ray density was the lowest. Therefore, it could be confirmed that the bremsstrahlung at the anode contributes to the X-ray emission from nanosecond-pulse discharges.

Zhang Cheng; Shao Tao; Ren Chengyan; Zhang Dongdong [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Key Laboratory of Power Electronics and Electric Drive, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Tarasenko, Victor; Kostyrya, Igor D. [Institute of High Current Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation); Ma Hao [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Yan Ping [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Key Laboratory of Power Electronics and Electric Drive, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Hydrodynamic design of axial hydraulic turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a complete methodology of the hydrodynamic design for the runner of axial hydraulic turbines (Kaplan) using the finite element method. The procedure starts with the parametric design of the meridian channel. Next, the stream traces ... Keywords: QTurbo3D, axial hydraulic turbines, design, meridian channel, runner blade

Daniel Balint; Viorel Cmpian

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Semiclassical pair production rate for time-dependent electrical fields with more than one component: -WKB-approach and world-line instantons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analytic calculation of the semiclassical electron-positron pair creation rate by time-dependent electrical fields. We use two methods, first the imaginary time method in the WKB-approximation and second the world-line instanton approach. Both methods are generalized to time-dependent electric fields with more than one component. The two methods give the same result if the momentum spectrum of the produced pairs is peaked around $\\vec{p}=0$. The result in the world-line instanton approach can be obtained from the WKB result by a Taylor expansion around this peak. For the examples usually discussed in the literature the field has one component and the momentum spectrum is peaked at $\\vec{p}=0$ so that the two methods agree. By studying the case of rotating electric fields we however show that for fields with more components this is generally not true.

Eckhard Strobel; She-Sheng Xue

2013-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

340

PYROTRON WITH TRANSLATIONAL CLOSURE FIELDS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Circuit means is described for effecting inward transla- ' tory motion of the intensified terminal reflector field regions of a magnetic mirror plasma containment field with a simultaneous intensification of the over-all field configuration. The circuit includes a segmented magnetic field generating solenoid and sequentially actuated switch means to consecutively short-circuit the solenoid segments and place charged capacitor banks in shunt with the segments in an appropriate correlated sequence such that electrical energy is transferred inwardly between adjacent segments from the opposite ends of the solenoid. The resulting magnetic field is effective in both radially and axially adiabatically compressing a plasma in a reaction chamber disposed concentrically within the solenoid. In addition, one half of the circuit may be employed to unidirectionally accelerate plasma. (AEC)

Hartwig, E.C.; Cummings, D.B.; Post, R.F.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Field Measurements of Heating System Efficiency in Nine Electrically-Heated Manufactured Homes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of field measurements of heating efficiency performed on nine manufactured homes sited in the Pacific Northwest. The testing procedure collects real-time data on heating system energy use and heating zone temperatures, allowing direct calculation of heating system efficiency.

Davis, Bob; Siegel, J.; Palmiter, L.; Baylon, D.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The formation of strong electric fields and volumetric charges in the Solar atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The processes occurring in the solar atmosphere are diverse and depend on many important factors. For example, from magnetic fields, their sudden changes, from emissions of substance from the depths of the Sun, distribution of shock waves and plasma jets, etc. The paper describes the model of formation of the charged volumes of gas in solar atmosphere, which is called solar "storm clouds" by analogy with terrestrial storm clouds. The model will be based on the theory ionization equilibrium and the Saha equation.

Sarsembaeva, A T; Kato, K

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Flow reference method testing and analysis: Field test plan, Texas Utilities Decordova Steam Electric Station  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the experimental design and test plan for the first of three field tests that the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted in 1997 as part of a major study to evaluate potential improvements to Method 2, EPA`s test method for measuring flue gas volumetric flow in stacks. The experimental design involved four test teams taking concurrent in-stack measurements with velocity sensing probes. Seven types of probes were included in the study. Three test matrices were used to gather data for inter-probe and inter-team comparisons and to assess the impact of velocity decline near the stack wall on volumetric flow measurements.

Lieberman, E.; Werner, A.S.

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

344

Electric and Magnetic fields due to Dirac particles in FRW spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some solutions of the Maxwell equations with Dirac particles for the source in FRW spacetime are discussed. The Green's function of the equation for the radial component of the Maxwell fields, F_{r\\eta} and F_{\\theta\\phi} is solved. Green's function is found to reduce to that of Minkowskian spacetime in the appropriate limit. Also, the Lienard-Wiechert type solution is derived. Also, the solutions with the Dirac particle current is also presented. It is found that the F_{r\\eta} is composed of even angular momentum states while the odd states constitue F_{\\theta\\phi} .

Sharma, S K; Khanal, U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Axial Ge/Si nanowire heterostructure tunnel FETs  

SciTech Connect

The vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth of semiconductor nanowires allows doping and composition modulation along their axis and the realization of axial 1 D heterostructures. This provides additional flexibility in energy band-edge engineering along the transport direction which is difficult to attain by planar materials growth and processing techniques. We report here on the design, growth, fabrication, and characterization of asymmetric heterostructure tunnel field-effect transistors (HTFETs) based on 100% compositionally modulated Si/Ge axial NWs for high on-current operation and low ambipolar transport behavior. We discuss the optimization of band-offsets and Schottky barrier heights for high performance HTFETs and issues surrounding their experimental realization. Our HTFET devices with 10 nm PECVD SiN{sub x} gate dielectric resulted in a measured current drive exceeding 100 {mu}A/{mu}m (I/{pi}D) and 10{sup 5} I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratios.

Picraux, Sanuel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daych, Shadi A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Carrier energy spectrum and lifetime in quantum dots in electric field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The S-matrix formalism is used to perform analytical calculations of the spectrum of quasi-stationary states of charge carriers in a core-shell quantum dot. Analytical expressions are obtained for the second-order perturbative corrections to the position and half-width of a quasi-stationary energy level, and level shifts are calculated numerically for a core-shell quantum dot in the presence of an electrostatic field. The corrections to level half-width due to Stark effect are analyzed as functions of level energy and barrier thickness. It is shown that there exists a level position E{sub cr} such that the correction {delta}{gamma} to the level half-width changes sign. An analytical expression for the quadratic Stark shift in a dc-biased quantum well is found in semiclassical approximation. It is shown that the corresponding correction {delta}{gamma} to half-width also changes sign as energy passes through E{sub cr}. As an example, the Stark shift is calculated for a core-shell quantum dot in the electrostatic field of an adjacent protein molecule.

Zegrya, G. G., E-mail: zegrya@theory.ioffe.ru; Samosvat, D. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)], E-mail: samosvat@yandex.ru

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Female Breast Cancer Feasibility Study: A Comparision of Magnetic Field Exposures in a Garment Manufacturing Facility and Electric U tility Work Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes research activities from the first phase of a proposed study of occupational magnetic field exposures and female breast cancer. Due to the small number of female employees in the utility industry with high magnetic field exposures, this project focused on the garment industry. Key activities included magnetic field measurement surveys at an electric utility and garment manufacturing facility, and a comparison of the exposures in these two industries. Additional activities evaluated...

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

348

New topics in coherent anti-stokes raman scattering gas-phase diagnostics : femtosecond rotational CARS and electric-field measurements.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss two recent diagnostic-development efforts in our laboratory: femtosecond pure-rotational Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) for thermometry and species detection in nitrogen and air, and nanosecond vibrational CARS measurements of electric fields in air. Transient pure-rotational fs-CARS data show the evolution of the rotational Raman polarization in nitrogen and air over the first 20 ps after impulsive pump/Stokes excitation. The Raman-resonant signal strength at long time delays is large, and we additionally observe large time separation between the fs-CARS signatures of nitrogen and oxygen, so that the pure-rotational approach to fs-CARS has promise for simultaneous species and temperature measurements with suppressed nonresonant background. Nanosecond vibrational CARS of nitrogen for electric-field measurements is also demonstrated. In the presence of an electric field, a dipole is induced in the otherwise nonpolar nitrogen molecule, which can be probed with the introduction of strong collinear pump and Stokes fields, resulting in CARS signal radiation in the infrared. The electric-field diagnostic is demonstrated in air, where the strength of the coherent infrared emission and sensitivity our field measurements is quantified, and the scaling of the infrared signal with field strength is verified.

Lempert, Walter R. (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH); Barnat, Edward V.; Kearney, Sean Patrick; Serrano, Justin Raymond

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature RPSEA Final Report Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature RPSEA Final Report Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field Demonstration for Ways to Reduce Operating Costs for Small Producers Project: 08123-10 April 30, 2012 Loy Sneary, President Robin Dahlheim, Sales Gulf Coast Green Energy 1801 7th St, Ste 230 Bay City, TX 77414 RPSEA 08123-10 Final Report Signature LEGAL NOTICE This report was prepared by Gulf Coast Green Energy as an account of work sponsored by the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America, RPSEA. Neither RPSEA members of RPSEA, the National Energy Technology Laboratory, the U.S. Department of Energy, nor any person acting on behalf of any of the entities: MAKES ANY WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH RESPECT TO

350

1-D Cluster Array at the Three Phase Contact Line in Diluted Colloids Subjected to A.C. Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colloidal particles provide an efficient mean of building multiple scale structured materials from colloidal dispersions. In this Brief Report, we account for experimental evidence on the formation of a colloidal cluster array at a three-phase contact line. We study the influence of low frequency external alternating electric fields on a diluted colloidal dispersion opened to the air. We focus on the cluster formation and their evolution in the meniscus by measuring characteristic times and lengths. We observe that the clusters are separated by a well-defined length and that, in our experimental conditions, they survive between five a fifteen minutes. These new results could be of technological relevance in building tailored colloidal structures in non-patterned substrates.

M. Pichumani; M. Giuliani; W. Gonzlez-Vias

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

351

Performance limits of axial turbomachine stages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis assesses the limits of stage efficiency for axial compressor and turbine stages. A stage model is developed, consisting of a specified geometry and a surface velocity distribution with turbulent boundary layers. ...

Hall, David Kenneth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Axial grading of inert matrix fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burning actinides in an inert matrix fuel to 750 MWd/kg IHM results in a significant reduction in transuranic isotopes. However, achieving this level of burnup in a standard light water reactor would require residence times that are twice that of uranium dioxide fuels. The reactivity of an inert matrix assembly at the end of life is less than 1/3 of its beginning of life reactivity leading to undesirable radial and axial power peaking in the reactor core. Here we show that axial grading of the inert matrix fuel rods can reduce peaking significantly. Monte Carlo simulations are used to model the assembly level power distributions in both ungraded and graded fuel rods. The results show that an axial grading of uranium dioxide and inert matrix fuels with erbium can reduces power peaking by more than 50% in the axial direction. The reduction in power peaking enables the core to operate at significantly higher power. (authors)

Recktenwald, G. D.; Deinert, M. R. [Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Comparison of the Radially Produced Electric-Field Shear Effects Analyzed from End-Loss Current and Central-Cell Soft X-Ray Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant effects of sheared transverse electric fields in plasmas on both turbulent fluctuations and drift waves are experimentally demonstrated with improvement in plasma confinement for the first time in the tandem mirror GAMMA 10. Here, electron-cyclotron heatings (ECH) for ion-confining potential formation are applied in association with a significant rise in the absolute value of the central-cell potential and the resulting formation of a strong shear of electric fields of the order of 10 kV/m2 in the radial direction of the plasma column (dEr/dr). The central-cell line density increases during ECH in association with decreasing fluctuations. Various fluctuation diagnostics, in particular, the frequency analyses of end-loss ion currents and central soft x-ray brightness, show the consistent features. This encourages the usefulness of potentials and radial electric-field shear for confinement improvements.

Hirata, M. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yoshida, M. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kohagura, J. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Numakura, T. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yokoyama, N. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Tokioka, S. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Fukai, T. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Tomii, Y. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Miyake, Y. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shimizu, K. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kiminami, S. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kondoh, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Miyoshi, S. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Fatigue and failure responses of lead zirconate titanate multilayer actuator under unipolar high-field electric cycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) multilayer actuators with an interdigital electrode design were studied under high electric fields (3 and 6 kV/mm) in a unipolar cycling mode. A 100 Hz sine wave was used in cycling. Five specimens tested under 6 kV/mm failed from 3.8 10^5 to 7 10^5 cycles, whereas three other specimens tested under 3 kV/mm were found to be still functional after 10^8 cycles. Variations in piezoelectric and dielectric responses of the tested specimens were observed during the fatigue test, depending on the measuring and cycling conditions. Selected fatigued and damaged actuators were characterized using an impedance analyzer or small signal measurement. A scanning acoustic microscope also was employed as a nondestructive tool to detect the presence of defects. Failed plates were subsequently sectioned, and the extensive cracks and porous regions were observed to be across the PZT layers. The results from this study have demonstrated that the high-field cycling can accelerate the fatigue of PZT stacks as long as the partial discharge is controlled. The small signal measurement can also be integrated into the large signal measurement to characterize the fatigue response of PZT stacks in a more comprehensive basis. The former can further serve as an experimental method to monitor the behavior of PZT stacks.

Zeng, Fan W [ORNL; Wang, Hong [ORNL; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Axial dipolar dynamo action in the Taylor-Green vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a numerical study of the magnetic field generated by the Taylor-Green vortex. We show that periodic boundary conditions can be used to mimic realistic boundary conditions by prescribing the symmetries of the velocity and magnetic fields. This gives insight in some problems of central interest for dynamos: the possible effect of velocity fluctuations on the dynamo threshold, the role of boundary conditions on the threshold and on the geometry of the magnetic field generated by dynamo action. In particular, we show that an axial dipolar dynamo similar to the one observed in a recent experiment can be obtained with an appropriate choice of the symmetries of the magnetic field. The nonlinear saturation is studied and a simple model explaining the magnetic Prandtl number dependence of the super/sub critical nature of the dynamo transition is given.

Giorgio Krstulovic; Gentien Thorner; Julien-Piera Vest; Stephan Fauve; Marc Brachet

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

356

First-order quantum correction to the Larmor radiation from a moving charge in a spatially homogeneous time-dependent electric field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First-order quantum correction to the Larmor radiation is investigated on the basis of the scalar QED on a homogeneous background of a time-dependent electric field, which is a generalization of a recent work by Higuchi and Walker so as to be extended for an accelerated charged particle in a relativistic motion. We obtain a simple approximate formula for the quantum correction in the limit of the relativistic motion when the direction of the particle motion is parallel to that of the electric field.

Yamamoto, Kazuhiro; Nakamura, Gen [Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Pulsed Electric Field and High Hydrostatic Pressure: Proceedings of EPRI/Army Sponsored Workshop, Moscow, Idaho -- April 19-21, 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Pulsed Electric Field and High Hydrostatic Pressure EPRI/Army Sponsored Workshop was held april 19-21, 1999 in Moscow, Idaho. The short course/workshop, the 4th in a series begun to disseminate and understand the latest advances in Pulsed Electric Field technologies was expanded this year to include High Hydrostatic Pressure. As a part of the Workshop, emphasis was placed on the importance of the newly formed IFT Nonthermal Processing Division. This report is comprised of an overview of the short cou...

1999-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

358

A Wind Tunnel Investigation of the Effect of an External, Vertical Electric Field on the Shape of Electrically Uncharged Rain Drops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented of a recent wind tunnel experiment in which electrically unchanged water drops of 10003000 ?m equivalent radius were freely suspended in the vertical air stream of the UCLA Cloud Tunnel. During their suspension, the drops ...

R. Rasmussen; C. Walcek; H.R. Pruppacher; S.K. Mitra; J. Lew; V. Levizzani; P.K. Wang; U. Barth

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

CARS is a four wave mixing process, combining three incident electric fields, pump, Stokes and probe, to produce a fourth, the anti-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARS is a four wave mixing process, combining three incident electric fields, pump, Stokes diagram for the production of a CARS signal. The three incident waves pump, probe (both of frequency p) and Stokes (S) combine to produce an anti-Stokes signal, frequency as. Figure 2. Schematic of the CARS system

Greenaway, Alan

360

Electrical vs. Hydraulic Rock Types in Clastic Reservoirs: Pore-Scale Understanding Verified with Field Observations in the Gulf of Mexico, U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Field Observations in the Gulf of Mexico, U.S. Chicheng Xu*, Carlos Torres-Verdín, and Shuang Gao of turbidite oil reservoir in the Gulf of Mexico shows that inclusion of resistivity logs in the classification oil reservoir in the Gulf of Mexico, US. Electrical and Hydraulic Conductivity Models In a porous rock

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Influence of a Weak Field of Pulsed DC Electricity on the Behavior and Incidence of Injury in Adult Steelhead and Pacific Lamprey, Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Predation by pinnipeds, such as California sea lions Zalophus californianus, Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and Stellar sea lions Eumetopias jubatus on adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp in the lower Columbia River has become a serious concern for fishery managers trying to conserve and restore runs of threatened and endangered fish. As a result, Smith-Root, Incorporated (SRI; Vancouver, Washington), manufacturers of electrofishing and closely-related equipment, proposed a project to evaluate the potential of an electrical barrier to deter marine mammals and reduce the amount of predation on adult salmonids (SRI 2007). The objectives of their work were to develop, deploy, and evaluate a passive, integrated sonar and electric barrier that would selectively inhibit the upstream movements of marine mammals and reduce predation, but would not injure pinnipeds or impact anadromous fish migrations. However, before such a device could be deployed in the field, concerns by regional fishery managers about the potential effects of such a device on the migratory behavior of Pacific salmon, steelhead O. mykiss, Pacific lampreys Entoshpenus tridentata, and white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus, needed to be addressed. In this report, we describe the results of laboratory research designed to evaluate the effects of prototype electric barriers on adult steelhead and Pacific lampreys. The effects of electricity on fish have been widely studied and include injury or death (e.g., Sharber and Carothers 1988; Dwyer et al. 2001; Snyder 2003), physiological dysfunction (e.g., Schreck et al. 1976; Mesa and Schreck 1989), and altered behavior (Mesa and Schreck 1989). Much of this work was done to investigate the effects of electrofishing on fish in the wild. Because electrofishing operations would always use more severe electrical settings than those proposed for the pinniped barrier, results from these studies are probably not relevant to the work proposed by SRI. Field electrofishing operations typically use high voltage and amperage settings and a variety of waveforms, pulse widths (PW), and pulse frequencies (PF), depending on conditions and target species. For example, when backpack electrofishing for trout in a small stream, one might use settings such as 500 V pulsed DC, a PW of 1 ms, and a PF of 60 Hz. In contrast, the electrical barrier proposed by SRI will produce electrical conditions significantly lower than those used in electrofishing, particularly for PW and PF (e.g., PW ranging from 300-1,000 {micro}s and PF from 2-3 Hz). Further, voltage gradients (in V/cm) are predicted to be lower in the electric barrier than those produced during typical electrofishing. Although the relatively weak, pulsed DC electric fields to be produced by the barrier may be effective at deterring pinnipeds, little, if anything, is known about the effects of such low intensity electrical fields on fish behavior. For this research, we evaluated the effects of weak, pulsed DC electric currents on the behavior of adult steelhead and Pacific lamprey and the incidence of injury in steelhead only. In a series of laboratory experiments, we: (1) documented the rate of passage of fish over miniature, prototype electric barriers when they were on and off; (2) determined some electric thresholds beyond which fish would not pass over the barrier; and (3) assessed the incidence and severity of injury in steelhead exposed to relatively severe electrical conditions. The results of this study should be useful for making decisions about whether to install electrical barriers in the lower Columbia River, or elsewhere, to reduce predation on upstream migrating salmonids and other fishes by marine pinnipeds.

Mesa, Matthew

2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

362

Charged Axially Symmetric Solution, Energy and Angular Momentum in Tetrad Theory of Gravitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charged axially symmetric solution of the coupled gravitational and electromagnetic fields in the tetrad theory of gravitation is derived. The metric associated with this solution is an axially symmetric metric which is characterized by three parameters ``$ $the gravitational mass $M$, the charge parameter $Q$ and the rotation parameter $a$". The parallel vector fields and the electromagnetic vector potential are axially symmetric. We calculate the total exterior energy. The energy-momentum complex given by M{\\o}ller in the framework of the Weitzenb$\\ddot{o}$ck geometry ``$ ${\\it characterized by vanishing the curvature tensor constructed from the connection of this geometry}" has been used. This energy-momentum complex is considered as a better definition for calculation of energy and momentum than those of general relativity theory. The energy contained in a sphere is found to be consistent with pervious results which is shared by its interior and exterior. Switching off the charge parameter, one finds that no energy is shared by the exterior of the charged axially symmetric solution. The components of the momentum density are also calculated and used to evaluate the angular momentum distribution. We found no angular momentum contributes to the exterior of the charged axially symmetric solution if zero charge parameter is used.

Gamal G. L. Nashed

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) RAPID Program Engineering Project 8: FINAL REPORT, Evaluation of Field Reduction Technologies, Volume 1 (Report) and Volume 2 (Appendices)  

SciTech Connect

This draft report consists of two volumes. Volume 1, the main body, contains an introducto~ sectionj an overview of magnetic fields sectio~ and field reduction technology evaluation section. Magnetic field reduction methods are evalpated for transmission lines, distribution Iines,sulxtations, building wiring applkmd machinery, and transportation systems. The evaluation considers effectiveness, co% and other ftiors. Volume 2 contains five appendices, Append~ A presents magnetic field shielding information. Appendices B and C present design assumptions and magnetic field plots for transmission and distribution lines, respectively. Appendices D and E present cost estimate details for transmission and distribution limes, respectively.

Commonwealth Associates, Inc.; IIT Research Institute

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Electrical engineering Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation Transmission Distribution · Electrical generators · Electric motors · High voltage engineering associated with the systems Electrical engineering · Electric power generation Transmission Distribution The electricity transported to load locations from a power station transmission subsystem The transmission system

?nay, Devrim

365

Review of Axial Burnup Distribution Considerations for Burnup Credit Calculations  

SciTech Connect

This report attempts to summarize and consolidate the existing knowledge on axial burnup distribution issues that are important to burnup credit criticality safety calculations. Recently released Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff guidance permits limited burnup credit, and thus, has prompted resolution of the axial burnup distribution issue. The reactivity difference between the neutron multiplication factor (keff) calculated with explicit representation of the axial burnup distribution and keff calculated assuming a uniform axial burnup is referred to as the ``end effect.'' This end effect is shown to be dependent on many factors, including the axial-burnup profile, total accumulated burnup, cooling time, initial enrichment, assembly design, and the isotopics considered (i.e., actinide-only or actinides plus fission products). Axial modeling studies, efforts related to the development of axial-profile databases, and the determination of bounding axial profiles are also discussed. Finally, areas that could benefit from further efforts are identified.

Wagner, J.C.; DeHart, M.D.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Piping inspection carriage having axially displaceable sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pipe inspection instrument carriage is described for use with a pipe crawler for performing internal inspections of piping surfaces. The carriage has a front leg assembly, a rear leg assembly and a central support connecting the two assemblies and for mounting an instrument arm having inspection instruments. The instrument arm has a Y-arm mounted distally thereon for axially aligning the inspection instrumentation and a mounting block, a linear actuator and axial movement arm for extending the inspection instruments radially outward to operably position the inspection instruments on the piping interior. Also, the carriage has a rotation motor and gear assembly for rotating the central support and the front leg assembly with respect to the rear leg assembly so that the inspection instruments azimuthally scan the piping interior. The instrument carriage allows performance of all piping inspection operations with a minimum of moving parts, thus decreasing the likelihood of performance failure. 4 figures.

Zollinger, W.T.; Treanor, R.C.

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

367

Axial Compressor Performance Maintenance Guide Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To deal with volatile fuel prices and growing pressures to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, combustion turbine (CT) operators are striving for maximum fuel efficiency. The axial compressor is a leading cause of short term and long term CT efficiency losses due to fouling, corrosion, and erosion. This report reviews the technology being advanced for compressor maintenance to achieve improved compressor and the CT efficiencies.

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

368

Cyclotron axial ion-beam-buncher system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Adiabatic ion bunching is achieved in a cyclotron axial ion injection system through the incorporation of a radio frequency quadrupole system, which receives ions from an external ion source via an accelerate-decelerate system and a focusing einzel lens system, and which adiabatically bunches and then injects the ions into the median plane of a cyclotron via an electrostatic quadrupole system and an inflection mirror.

Hamm, R.W.; Swenson, D.A.; Wangler, T.P.

1982-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

369

Field Testing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Charge Control Technology in the Xcel Energy Territory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results of a joint study by Xcel Energy and NREL to understand the fuel displacement potential, costs, and emissions impacts of market introduction of plug in hybrid electric vehicles.

Markel, T.; Bennion K.; Kramer, W.; Bryan, J.; Giedd, J.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Strategic Capacity Axial-Compressor Maintenance Program (SCAMP) Version 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Strategic Capacity Axial-Compressor Maintenance Program (SCAMP) spreadsheet provides combustion turbine operators with a low-cost, easy-to-install, easy-to-use program for monitoring combustion turbine (CT) axial compressor performance. Utilities can use it to diagnose the condition of axial compressors and to determine the benefits of maintenance actions such as an off-line compressor wash.

2000-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

EPRI Phased Array Performance Demonstration for Axial Entry Blade Attachment Inspection - Technical Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The disk rim blade attachment area is one of the most highly stressed components of the steam turbine rotor. Reliable and accurate inspection of the disk rim blade attachment area is essential for the determination of rotor operability and remaining life. The purpose of the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Phased Array Performance Demonstration for Axial Entry Blade Attachment Inspection Project is to determine the inspection performance levels of commercial entities offering these inspection...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Oklahoma Field Test: Air-conditioning electricity savings from standard energy conservation measures, radiant barriers, and high-efficiency window air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

A field test Involving 104 houses was performed in Tulsa, Oklahoma, to measure the air-conditioning electricity consumption of low-income houses equipped with window air conditioners, the reduction in this electricity consumption attributed to the installation of energy conservation measures (ECMS) as typically installed under the Oklahoma Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP), and the reduction achieved by the replacement of low-efficiency window air conditioners with high-efficiency units and the installation of attic radiant barriers. Air-conditioning electricity consumption and indoor temperature were monitored weekly during the pre-weatherization period (June to September 1988) and post-weatherization period (May to September 1989). House energy consumption models and regression analyses were used to normalize the air-conditioning electricity savings to average outdoor temperature conditions and the pre-weatherization indoor temperature of each house. The following conclusions were drawn from the study: (1) programs directed at reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption should be targeted at clients with high consumption to improve cost effectiveness; (2) replacing low-efficiency air conditioners with high-efficiency units should be considered an option in a weatherization program directed at reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption; (3) ECMs currently being installed under the Oklahoma WAP (chosen based on effectiveness at reducing space-heating energy consumption) should continue to be justified based on their space-heating energy savings potential only; and (4) attic radiant barriers should not be included in the Oklahoma WAP if alternatives with verified savings are available or until further testing demonstrates energy savings or other benefits in this typo of housing.

Ternes, M.P.; Levins, W.P.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Electrical safety guidelines  

SciTech Connect

The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Axial Tomography from Digitized Real Time Radiography  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A. S.; McDonald, W. M.; Doupont, P. A.; McKinney, R. L.; Lee, M. M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

376

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiography  

SciTech Connect

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A.S.; McDonald, W.M.; Doupont, P.A.; McKinney, R.L.; Lee, M.M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

377

Interaction of carbon dioxide laser radiation with a nanotube array in the presence of a constant electric field  

SciTech Connect

The dependence of the current density on the leading edge width of the alternating (high-frequency) field amplitude is studied at various constant (or unsteady) fields. The dependence of amplified microwaves in the two-millimeter range on a longitudinal coordinate is determined. The problem of submillimeter radiation generation in a system of parallel carbon nanotubes exposed to two-frequency carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2} laser) laser radiation in the presence of a constant (or unsteady) field is studied. The possibility of using freely oriented carbon nanotubes parallel to each other is shown.

Sadykov, N. R., E-mail: n.r.sadykov@rambler.ru [Branch of South Ural State University (Russian Federation); Scorkin, N. A. [Snezhinsk Physics and Technology Institute of the National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI' (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Electric field Induced Patterns in Soft Visco-elastic films: From Long Waves of Viscous Liquids to Short Waves of Elastic Solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the electric field driven surface instability of visco-elastic films has two distinct regimes: (1) The visco-elastic films behaving like a liquid display long wavelengths governed by applied voltage and surface tension, independent of its elastic storage and viscous loss moduli, and (2) the films behaving like a solid require a threshold voltage for the instability whose wavelength always scales as ~ 4 x film thickness, independent of its surface tension, applied voltage, loss and storage moduli. Wavelength in a narrow transition zone between these regimes depends on the storage modulus.

N. Arun; Ashutosh Sharma; Partho S. G. Pattader; Indrani Banerjee; Hemant M. Dixit; K. S. Narayan

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

379

Edge radial electric field studies via charge exchange recombination spectroscopy on the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that ExB velocity shear is responsible for the suppression of edge turbulence, which reduces the losses of both energy and particles across magnetic field lines and results in the formation of edge ...

McDermott, Rachael Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Electric-Field Modulation of Curie Temperature in (Ga, Mn)As Field-Effect Transistor Structures with Varying Channel Thickness and Mn Compositions  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the change of T{sub C} of ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga, Mn)As by changing hole concentration p. The field effect transistor structure was utilized to change p. The relation T{sub C}propor top{sup 0.2} is obtained for three samples, despite the difference of their Mn composition and thickness, indicating that the relation holds over 2 decades of p.

Nishitani, Y.; Endo, M. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Chiba, D. [Semiconductor Spintronics Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanban-cho 5, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Matsukura, F.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Semiconductor Spintronics Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanban-cho 5, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

THE EFFECT OF A VERTICAL MAGNETIC FIELD ON THE PROPAGATION OF GRAVITY WAVES ALONG THE PLANE OF A SEMI-INFINITE VISCOUS, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTING FLUID  

SciTech Connect

Basic equations and boundary conditions governing effects of vertical magnetic and gravitational fields on smallamplitude perturbations of the free equilibrium surfuce of a viscous, electrically conducting fluid are presented. Normal modes are examined. A dispersion relationship is derived which relates the complex "frequency" n of the normal mode to the Alfven velocity, V; the viscosity, v,; the magnetic diffusivity, lambda ; and the horizontal wave number, k. This dispersioh relationship is solved in nine extreme cases. In six of these, the magnetic field is too wesk to modify substantially the familiar gravity-wave solution holding in the absence of a magnetic field. The influence of the field is so strong in the remaining three cases that they have no parallel in the zero-field case. 0ne of these holds for any k if the magnetic field is sufficiently strong. In this case n = -gV/sup -1/( lambda /v)1/2i.e., the effect of the magnetic field is so great that the disturbance is attenuated aperiodically as the Alfven waves radiate energy away from the free surfuce. Another interesting feature demonstrated is the existence (if V is sufficiently large) of a band of wave numbers k for which no normal-mode solution exists. It is nevertheless demonstrated that the associated initialvalue problem can be solved for such values of k. In addition to the nine extreme cases mentioned above, three special cases are solved for all k for particular values of V, namely, v = lambda , v = 0, and lambda = 0. (auth)

Roberts, P.H.; Boardman, A.D.

1962-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Potential Magnetic Field around a Helical Flux-rope Current Structure in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the potential magnetic field associated with a helical electric line current flow, idealizing the near-potential coronal field within which a highly localized twisted current structure is embedded. It is found that this field has a significant axial component off the helical magnetic axis where there is no current flow, such that the flux winds around the axis. The helical line current field, in including the effects of flux rope writhe, is therefore more topologically complex than straight line and ring current fields sometimes used in solar flux rope models. The axial flux in magnetic fields around confined current structures may be affected by the writhe of these current structures such that the field twists preferentially with the same handedness as the writhe. This property of fields around confined current structures with writhe may be relevant to classes of coronal magnetic flux rope, including structures observed to have sigmoidal forms in soft X-rays and prominence magnetic fields. For example, ``bald patches'' and the associated heating by Parker current sheet dissipation seem likely. Thus some measurements of flux rope magnetic helicities may derive from external, near-potential fields. The predicted hemispheric preference for positive and negative magnetic helicities is consistent with observational results for prominences and sigmoids and past theoretical results for flux rope internal fields.

G. J. D. Petrie

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

383

Secondary air interaction with main flow in axial turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Secondary air, known as purge air, is injected through seals in the hub and shroud of axial turbines to prevent hot gas ingestion into the (more)

Zlatinov, Metodi B. (Metodi Blagoev)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Axial charges of the nucleon and N* resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The axial charges of the nucleon and the well-established N* resonances are studied within a consistent framework. For the first time the axial charges of the N* resonances are produced for the relativistic constituent quark model. The axial charge of the nucleon is predicted close to experiment, and the ones of N*(1535) and N*(1650), the only cases where such a comparison is possible, agree well with results from quantum chromodynamics on the lattice that have recently become available. The relevance of the magnitudes of the N* axial charges for the low-energy behavior of quantum chromodynamics is discussed.

Ki-Seok Choi; W. Plessas; R. F. Wagenbrunn

2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

385

Optimization of Active Noise Control for Small Axial Cooling Fans.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Previous work has shown that active noise control is a feasible solution to attenuate tonal noise radiated by small axial cooling fans, such as those (more)

Monson, Brian B 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Absorption of axially asymmetric waves in inhomogeneous plasma  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that the periphery of an inhomogeneous plasma is trasparent to axially asymmetric waves with certain azimuthal indices.(AIP)

Dnestrovskii, Y.N.; Kostomarov, D.P.; Pereverzev, G.V.

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

High field pulsed microwiggler comprising a conductive tube with periodically space slots  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwiggler assembly produces large magnetic fields for oscillating ched particle beams, particularly electron beams for free electron laser (FEL) application. A tube of electrically conductive material is formed with radial slots axially spaced at the period of the electron beam. The slots have alternate 180.degree. relationships and are formed to a maximum depth of 0.6 to 0.7 times the tube circumference. An optimum slot depth is selected to eliminate magnetic quadrupole fields within the microwiggler as determined from a conventional pulsed wire technique. Suitable slot configurations include single slits, double slits, triple slits, and elliptical slots. An axial electron beam direction is maintained by experimentally placing end slits adjacent entrance and exit portions of the assembly, where the end slit depth is determined by use of the pulsed wire technique outside the tube.

Warren, Roger W. (Santa Fe, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A study of swirl and axial velocity profile effects on orifice flowmeters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to measure the response of the orifice meter to known upstream flow field disturbances generated by a concentric tube flow conditioner and a vane-type swirl generator. These disturbances are characterized by flan measuring the axial and tangential velocity profiles at the upstream tap with no orifice plate present. Two different flow rates are examined which correspond to Reynolds numbers of 91,100 and 120,000 in a 50.8 mm diameter pipe. Eight orifice plates with [ ] ratios of 0.43, 0.45, 0.484, 0.55, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7 and 0.726 are studied at both flow rates. The response of each orifice meter to the disturbance is measured by determining the axial pressure distribution near the orifice plate, and by determining the discharge coefficient. The axial momentum distribution is quantified by calculating the second order moment of axial momentum (91 2[U]) from the velocity profile data. Swirl is quantified by determining the centripetal acceleration flux of the flow, also from the velocity profile data. Surface fits indicating the variation of discharge coefficient as a function of P ratio and 9i2[U] or swirl number are developed. These are useful in evaluating variations in the discharge coefficient for flows where the inlet velocity profile has been measured.

Hauglie, Jayden Edward

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

OpenEI - Electricity Consumption  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Annual Electricity Annual Electricity Consumption (1980 - 2009) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/877 Total annual electricity consumption by country, 1980 to 2009 (billion kilowatthours). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA). License

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field-label">Type of License:  Other (please specify below)
Source of data
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390

Electrically Deformable Liquid Marbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid marbles, which are droplets coated with a hydrophobic powder, were exposed to a uniform electric field. It was established that a threshold value of the electric field, 15 cgse, should be surmounted for deformation of liquid marbles. The shape of the marbles was described as a prolate spheroid. The semi-quantitative theory describing deformation of liquid marbles in a uniform electric field is presented. The scaling law relating the radius of the contact area of the marble to the applied electric field shows a satisfactory agreement with the experimental data.

Edward Bormashenko; Roman Pogreb; Tamir Stein; Gene Whyman; Marcelo Schiffer; Doron Aurbach

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

391

Electric-Magnetic Duality in Massless QED?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility that QED and recently developed non-Hermitian, or magnetic, versions of QED are equivalent is considered. Under this duality the Hamiltonians and anomalous axial currents of the two theories are identified. A consequence of such a duality is that particles described by QED carry magnetic as well as electric charges. The proposal requires a vanishing zero bare fermion mass in both theories; Dirac mass terms are incompatible with the conservation of magnetic charge much as Majorana masses spoil the conservation of electric charge. The physical spectrum comprises photons and massless spin-1/2 particles carrying equal or opposite electric and magnetic charges. The four particle states described by the Dirac fermion correspond to the four possible charge assignments of elementary dyons. This scale invariant spectrum indicates that the quantum field theory is finite. The Johnson Baker Willey eigenvalue equation for the fine structure constant in finite spinor QED is interpreted as a Dirac-like charge quantisation condition for dyons.

Chris Ford

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

392

The electrical resistivity method in cased boreholes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of downhole current sources in resistivity mapping can greatly enhance the detection and delineation of subsurface features. The purpose of this work is to examine the resistivity method for current sources in wells cased with steel. The resistivity method in cased boreholes with downhole current sources is investigated using the integral equation (IE) technique. The casing and other bodies are characterized as conductivity inhomogeneities in a half-space. For sources located along the casing axis, an axially symmetric Green's function is used to formulate the surface potential and electric field (E-field) volume integral equations. The situations involving off-axis current sources and three-dimensional (3-D) bodies is formulated using the surface potential IE method. The solution of the 3-D Green's function is presented in cylindrical and Cartesian coordinate systems. The methods of moments is used to solve the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind for the response due to the casing and other bodies. The numerical analysis revealed that the current in the casing can be approximated by its vertical component except near the source and the axial symmetric approximation of the casing is valid even for the 3-D problem. The E-field volume IE method is an effective and efficient technique to simulate the response of the casing in a half-space, whereas the surface potential approach is computationally better when multiple bodies are involved. Analyzing several configurations of the current source indicated that the casing response is influenced by four characteristic factors: conduction length, current source depth,casing depth, and casing length. 85 refs., 133 figs., 11 tabs.

Schenkel, C.J.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Parametric electric motor study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technology for the axial gap motor was developed by DOE with an investment of approximately $15 million. This development effort is for motor technologies of high power density and high efficiency. Such motors that are also small and light-weight are not available on the commercial market because high-power motors have typically been used in large industrial applications where small size and light weight are not requirements. AC Delco has been developing motors since 1918 and is interested in leveraging its research and development dollars to produce an array of motor systems for vehicles and to develop a future line of propulsion products. The DOE focus of the study was applied to machining applications. The most attractive feature of this motor is the axial air gap, which may make possible the removal of the motor`s stationary component from a total enclosure of the remainder of the machine if the power characteristics are adequate. The objectives of this project were to evaluate alternative electric drive systems for machine tools and automotive electric drive systems and to select a best machine type for each of those applications. A major challenge of this project was to produce a small, light-weight, highly efficient motor at a cost-effective price. The project developed machine and machine drive systems and design criteria for the range of applications. The final results included the creation of a baseline for developing electric vehicle powertrain system designs, conventional vehicle engine support system designs, and advanced machine tool configurations. In addition, an axial gap permanent magnet motor was built and tested, and gave, said one engineer involved, a sterling performance. This effort will commercialize advanced motor technology and extend knowledge and design capability in the most efficient electric machine design known today.

Adams, D. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Stahura, D. [GM-AC Delco Systems, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1995-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

High Power Co-Axial SRF Coupler  

SciTech Connect

There are over 35 coupler designs for SRF cavities ranging in frequency from 325 to 1500 MHz. Two-thirds of these designs are coaxial couplers using disk or cylindrical ceramics in various combinations and configurations. While it is well known that dielectric losses go down by several orders of magnitude at cryogenic temperatures, it not well known that the thermal conductivity also goes down, and it is the ratio of thermal conductivity to loss tangent (SRF ceramic Quality Factor) and ceramic volume which will determine the heat load of any given design. We describe a novel robust co-axial SRF coupler design which uses compressed window technology. This technology will allow the use of highly thermally conductive materials for cryogenic windows. The mechanical designs will fit into standard-sized ConFlat flanges for ease of assembly. Two windows will be used in a coaxial line. The distance between the windows is adjusted to cancel their reflections so that the same window can be used in many different applications at various frequencies.

M.L. Neubauer, R.A. Rimmer

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Incorporation of the effect of the composite electric fields of molecular ions as a simulation tool for biological damage due to heavy ion irradiation II  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a theoretical study of the DNA damage due to the effect of the composite electric fields of H{sub 2}O{sup +} ions produced from the irradiation of a heavy ion onto a cell. It is found that a much larger number of electrons, which are produced from electron impact ionization, is trapped near the track of an incident ion in the case of C{sup 6+} ion irradiation with the energy of 3 MeV/u than that of proton irradiation. Therefore, the irradiation of carbon ions may produce a larger number of cluster DNA damage than that in the irradiation of protons. This may lead to the understanding of relative biological effectiveness (RBE).

Moribayashi, Kengo [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7, Umemidai, Kizugawa-city, 619-0215 (Japan) and Faculty of Life and Medical Sciences, Doshisha University, 1-3 Tatara Miyakodani, Kyotanabe City, 610-0394 (Japan)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

396

Conservative axial burnup distributions for actinide-only burnup credit  

SciTech Connect

Unlike the fresh fuel approach, which assumes the initial isotopic compositions for criticality analyses, any burnup credit methodology must address the proper treatment of axial burnup distributions. A straightforward way of treating a given axial burnup distribution is to segment the fuel assembly into multiple meshes and to model each burnup mesh with the corresponding isotopic compositions. Although this approach represents a significant increase in modeling efforts compared to the uniform average burnup approach, it can adequately determine the reactivity effect of the axial burnup distribution. A major consideration is what axial burnup distributions are appropriate for use in light of many possible distributions depending on core operating conditions and histories. This paper summarizes criticality analyses performed to determine conservative axial burnup distributions. The conservative axial burnup distributions presented in this paper are included in the Topical Report on Actinide-Only Burnup Credit for Pressurized Water Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel Packages, Revision 1 submitted in May 1997 by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). When approved by NRC, the conservative axial burnup distributions may be used to model PWR spent nuclear fuel for the purpose of gaining actinide only burnup credit.

Kang, C.; Lancaster, D.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Axial force imparted by a conical radiofrequency magneto-plasma thruster  

SciTech Connect

Direct thrust measurements of a low pressure ({approx}0.133 Pa) conical radiofrequency (rf at 13.56 MHz) argon plasma source show a total axial force of about 5 mN for an effective rf power of 650 W and a maximum magnetic field of 0.018 T, of which a measured value of 2.5 mN is imparted by the magnetic nozzle. A simplified model of thrust including contributions from the electron pressure and from the magnetic field pressure is developed. The magnetic nozzle is modelled as a ''physical'' nozzle of increasing cross-sectional area.

Charles, C.; Takahashi, K.; Boswell, R. W. [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

398

Fluorescence Axial Localization with Nanometer Accuracy and Precision  

SciTech Connect

We describe a new technique, standing wave axial nanometry (SWAN), to image the axial location of a single nanoscale fluorescent object with sub-nanometer accuracy and 3.7 nm precision. A standing wave, generated by positioning an atomic force microscope tip over a focused laser beam, is used to excite fluorescence; axial position is determined from the phase of the emission intensity. We use SWAN to measure the orientation of single DNA molecules of different lengths, grafted on surfaces with different functionalities.

Li, Hui; Yen, Chi-Fu; Sivasankar, Sanjeevi

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Microwave electron cyclotron electron resonance (ECR) ion source with a large, uniformly distributed, axially symmetric, ECR plasma volume  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source includes a primary mirror coil disposed coaxially around a vacuum vessel in which a plasma is induced and introducing a solenoidal ECR-producing field throughout the length of the vacuum vessel. Radial plasma confinement is provided by a multi-cusp, multi-polar permanent magnet array disposed azimuthally around the vessel and within the primary mirror coil. Axial confinement is provided either by multi-cusp permanent magnets at the opposite axial ends of the vessel, or by secondary mirror coils disposed on opposite sides of the primary coil.

Alton, Gerald D. (Kingston, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Formation, characterization and dynamics of onion like carbon structures from nanodiamonds using reactive force-fields for electrical energy storage  

SciTech Connect

We simulate the experimentally observed graphitization of nanodiamonds into multi-shell onion-like carbon nanostructures, also called carbon onions, at different temperatures, using reactive force fields. The simulations include long-range Coulomb and van der Waals interactions. Our results suggest that long-range interactions play a crucial role in the phase-stability and the graphitization process. Graphitization is both enthalpically and entropically driven and can hence be controlled with temperature. The outer layers of the nanodiamond have a lower kinetic barrier toward graphitization irrespective of the size of the nanodiamond and graphitize within a few-hundred picoseconds, with a large volume increase. The inner core of the nanodiamonds displays a large size-dependent kinetic barrier, and graphitizes much more slowly with abrupt jumps in the internal energy. It eventually graphitizes by releasing pressure and expands once the outer shells have graphitized. The degree of transformation at a particular temperature is thereby determined by a delicate balance between the thermal energy, long-range interactions, and the entropic/enthalpic free energy gained by graphitization. Upon full graphitization, a multi-shell carbon nanostructure appears, with a shell-shell spacing of about {approx}3.4 {angstrom} for all sizes. The shells are highly defective with predominantly five- and seven-membered rings to curve space. Larger nanodiamonds with a diameter of 4 nm can graphitize into spiral structures with a large ({approx}29-atom carbon ring) pore opening on the outermost shell. Such a large one-way channel is most attractive for a controlled insertion of molecules/ions such as Li ions, water, or ionic liquids, for increased electrochemical capacitor or battery electrode applications.

Kent, Paul R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Lateral transport and far-infrared radiation of electrons in In{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As/GaAs heterostructures with the double tunnel-coupled quantum wells in a high electric field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the far-infrared radiation of electrons in the selectively doped heterostructures with double tunnel-coupled quantum wells in high lateral electric fields strongly depends on the level of doping of the wells. At a high impurity concentration in a narrow well, higher than (1-2) x 10{sup 11} cm{sup -2}, the radiation is caused only by indirect intrasubband electron transitions. At a lower concentration, along with the indirect transitions, the direct intersubband transitions also contribute to the radiation. These transitions become possible in high electric fields due to the real-space electron transfer between the quantum wells.

Baidus, N. V. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Nizhni Novgorod Research Physicotechnical University (Russian Federation); Belevskii, P. A. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Physics (Ukraine); Biriukov, A. A. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Nizhni Novgorod Research Physicotechnical University (Russian Federation); Vainberg, V. V.; Vinoslavskii, M. N. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Physics (Ukraine); Ikonnikov, A. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Zvonkov, B. N. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Nizhni Novgorod Research Physicotechnical University (Russian Federation); Pylypchuk, A. S.; Poroshin, V. N., E-mail: poroshin@iop.kiev.ua [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Physics (Ukraine)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of studying the effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals are reported. The activation energy is determined in high and low electric fields. It is established that the decrease in the activation energy with increasing the external voltage is associated with decreasing the depth of the potential well, in which the electron is located.

Niftiev, N. N. [Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University (Azerbaijan); Tagiev, O. B. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Secondary air interaction with main flow in axial turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secondary air, known as purge air, is injected through seals in the hub and shroud of axial turbines to prevent hot gas ingestion into the endwall cavities. An investigation into the interaction of purge ow with turbine ...

Zlatinov, Metodi B. (Metodi Blagoev)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Axial Compression of a Hollow Cylinder Filled with a Foam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Axial Compression of a Hollow Cylinder Filled with a Foam: A Porcupine ... Characterization of (Ti,Mg)N Thin Film Coatings Produced Via Physical Vapor Deposition ... Non-Toxic SPD Processed Ti Alloys for Orthopaedics.

405

Nonlinear Axially Symmetric Circulations in a Nearly Inviscid Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of certain axially symmetric circulations in a stably stratified, differentially heated, rotating Boussinesq fluid on a sphere is analyzed. A simple approximate theory [similar to that introduced by Schneider (1977)] is developed ...

Isaac M. Held; Arthur Y. Hou

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A simplified sizing and mass model for axial flow turbines  

SciTech Connect

An axial flow turbine mass model has been developed and used to study axial flow turbines for space power systems. Hydrogen, helium-xenon, hydrogen-water vapor, air, and potassium vapor working fluids have been investigated to date. The impact of construction material, inlet temperature, rotational speed, pressure ratio, and power level on turbine mass and volume has been analyzed. This paper presents the turbine model description and results of parametric studies showing general design trends characteristic of any axial flow machine. Also, a comparison of axial flow turbine designs using helium-xenon mixtures and potassium vapor working fluids, which are used in Brayton and Rankine space power systems, respectively, is presented. 9 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Hudson, S.L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Applications of axial and radial compressor dynamic system modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The presented work is a compilation of four different projects related to axial and centrifugal compression systems. The projects are related by the underlying dynamic system modeling approach that is common in all of them. ...

Spakovszky, Zoltn S. (Zoltn Sndor), 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

PWR Axial Offset Anomaly (AOA) Guidelines, Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Axial offset anomaly (AOA) is defined as a significant negative axial offset deviation from the predicted nuclear design value. AOA results from the incorporation of boron within corrosion product deposits on the upper spans of high-duty pressurized water reactor (PWR) fuel assemblies. The consequences of this process are an erosion of shutdown margin and loss of operational flexibility by control room operators, particularly during power transients.

2004-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

409

Design and testing of an electron cyclotron resonance heating ion source for use in high field compact superconducting cyclotrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goal of this project is to evaluate the feasibility of axial injection of a high brightness beam from an Electron Cyclotron Resonance ion source into a high magnetic field cyclotron. Axial injection from an ion ...

Artz, Mark E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

OpenEI - Electricity Generation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Annual Electricity Annual Electricity Generation (1980 - 2009) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/878 Total annual electricity generation by country, 1980 to 2009 (available in billion kilowatthours ). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA).

License
field field-type-text field-field-license-type"> Type of License:  Other (please specify below)
Source of

411

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the magnetic field and its effect on moving charges. You also saw how electric currents could create magnetic the magnetic flux through a coil of wire to produce an electric current. You will investigate the current are necessary for a magnetic field to produce an electric current. · Determine the direction of a current

Minnesota, University of

412

Preseismic oscillating electric field "strange attractor like" precursor, of T = 6 months, triggered by Ssa tidal wave. Application on large (Ms > 6.0R) EQs in Greece (October 1st, 2006 - December 2nd, 2008)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work the preseismic "strange attractor like" precursor is studied, in the domain of the Earth's oscillating electric field for T = 6 months. It is assumed that the specific oscillating electric field is generated by the corresponding lithospheric oscillation, triggered by the Ssa tidal wave of the same wave length (6 months) under excess strain load conditions met in the focal area of a future large earthquake. The analysis of the recorded Earth's oscillating electric field by the two distant monitoring sites of PYR and HIO and for a period of time of 26 months (October 1st, 2006 - December 2nd, 2008) suggests that the specific precursor can successfully resolve the predictive time window in terms of months and for a "swarm" of large EQs (Ms > 6.0R), in contrast to the resolution obtained by the use of electric fields of shorter (T = 1, 14 days, single EQ identification) wave length. More over, the fractal character of the "strange attractor like" precursor in the frequency domain is pointed out. Fina...

Thanassoulas, C; Verveniotis, G; Zymaris, N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Safety of high speed guided ground transportation systems: Comparison of magnetic and electric fields of conventional and advanced electrified transportation systems. Final report, September 1992-March 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concerns exist regarding the potential safety, environmental and health effects on the public and on transportation workers due to electrification along new or existing rail corridors, and to proposed maglev and high speed rail operations. Therefore, the characterization of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by both steady (dc) and alternating currents (ac) at power frequency (50 Hz in Europe and 60 Hz in the U.S.) and above, in the Extreme Low Frequency (ELF) range (3-3000 Hz) is of interest. The report summarizes and compares the results of a survey of EMF characteristics (spatial, temporal and frequency bands) for representative conventional railroad and transit and advanced high-speed systems including: the German TR-07 maglev system; the Amtrak Northeast Corridor (NEC) and North Jersey Transit (NJT) trains; the Washington, DC Metrorail (WMATA) and the Boston, MA (MBTA) transit systems; and the French TGV-A high speed rail system. This comprehensive comparative EMF survey produced both detailed data and statistical summaries of EMF profiles, and their variability in time and space. EMF ELF levels for WMATA are also compared to those produced by common environmental sources at home, work, and under power lines, but have specific frequency signatures.

Dietrich, F.M.; Feero, W.E.; Jacobs, W.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Simulations of the Neutral-beam-induced Rotation, Radial Electric Field, and Flow Shearing Rate in Next-step Burning Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Toroidal rotation of plasmas in present tokamaks is beneficial for increasing the stability to wall-induced MHD and appears to reduce the anomalous transport associated with micro-turbulence. This paper calculates the toroidal rotation expected from neutral-beam injection in the proposed FIRE and ITER-FEAT tokamak reactors. Self-consistent burning plasmas for these tokamaks have been constructed using the TRANSP plasma analysis code. Neutral-beam injection has been proposed for FIRE and ITER-FEAT. The neutral-beam-induced torques are computed, and assumptions for the anomalous transport of toroidal angular momentum are used to calculate the toroidal rotation profiles. The central Mach numbers are about 3-8%. The ratio of the rotation speed to the Alfvin speed is less than 1%. Assuming neoclassical poloidal rotation and force balance, the radial electric field and flow shearing rate are calculated. Peak shearing rates near the outboard edge are in the 10-100 krad/s range.

R.V. Budny

2002-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

415

Definition: Electricity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Electricity Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electricity Energy resulting from the flow of charge particles[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves. In electricity, charges produce electromagnetic fields which act on other charges. Electricity occurs due to several types of physics: electric charge: a property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interactions. Electrically charged matter is

416

Electric Vehicle Field Operations Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vehicle performance information. The final product is a report describing energy use, miles driven, maintenance requirements, and overall vehicle performance. Fleet Testing....

417

Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity can be used as a transportation fuel to power battery electric vehicles (EVs). EVs store electricity in an energy storage device, such as a battery.

418

Axially staggered seed-blanket reactor fuel module construction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heterogeneous nuclear reactor of the seed-blanket type is provided wher the fissile (seed) and fertile (blanket) nuclear fuels are segregated axially within each fuel element such that fissile and fertile regions occur in an alternating pattern along the length of the fuel element. Further, different axial stacking patterns are used for the fuel elements of at least two module types such that when modules of different types are positioned adjacent to one another, the fertile regions of the modules are offset or staggered. Thus, when a module of one type is surrounded by modules of the second type the fertile regions thereof will be surrounded on all sides by fissile material. This provides enhanced neutron communication both radially and axially, thereby resulting in greater power oscillation stability than other axial arrangements. The arrangements of the fissile and fertile regions in an alternating axial manner minimizes the radial power peaking factors and provides a more optional thermal-hydraulic design than is afforded by radial arrangements.

Cowell, Gary K. (Monroeville, PA); DiGuiseppe, Carl P. (West Mifflin, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In addition, there is evidence from plasma research laboratories that breakthroughs are imminent in the field

420

Allan Cormack, Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT), and Magnetic Resonance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Allan M. Cormack, Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) Allan M. Cormack, Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Resources with Additional Information magnetic resonance imaging system Computed axial tomography, commonly known as CAT scanning, was introduced in 1972. During a CAT scan, a large coil of x-ray tubes rotates around the patient's body, taking x-rays from all angles. A computer integrates all of these x-rays into a single, three-dimensional image on a television screen. The data can be saved on the computer. Allan M. Cormack, a high energy physicist at Tufts University, shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his key work in developing the methods for CAT scanners. At the time of development, these methods were widely regarded as the most significant advance in medical radiography since the 1895 discovery of x-rays.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1984-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

422

Internal split field generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator includes a coil of conductive material. A stationary magnetic field source applies a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An internal magnetic field source is disposed within a cavity of the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. The stationary magnetic field interacts with the moving magnetic field to generate an electrical energy in the coil.

Thundat; ,Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

423

Magnetic and electric field testing of the Amtrak Northeast Corridor and New Jersey transit/North Jersey coast line rail systems. Volume 2. Appendices. Final report, May 1993-March 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The safety of magnetically levitated (maglev) and high speed rail (HSR) trains proposed for application in the United States is the responsibility of the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The characterization of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by both steady (dc) and alternating currents (ac) at power frequency (50 Hz in Europe and 60 Hz in the U.S.) and above, in the Extreme Low Frequency (ELF) range (3-3000 Hz), is of interest with respect to any potential health effects these fields may have on the public and on transportation workers. An EMF survey of National Rail Passengers Corporation trains operating on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) was performed, as part of a comprehensive comparative safety assessment of the German Transrapid (TR-07) maglev system and of existing (NEC and transit trains) and advanced rail systems (the French TGV). The report is Volume 2 of two volumes. A portable magnetic field monitoring system (augmented to include an electric fields probe) was used to sample, record and store three-axis static and ac magnetic fields waveforms simultaneously, at multiple locations. A real time Digital Audio Tape (DAT) recorder able to capture EMF transients, and two personal power-frequency magnetic field monitors were used to collect complementary data.

Dietrich, F.M.; Robertson, D.C.; Steiner, G.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Magnetic and electric field testing of the Amtrak Northeast Corridor and New Jersey Transit/North Jersey coast line rail systems. Volume 1. Analysis. Final report, May 1992-March 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The safety of magnetically levitated (maglev) and high speed rail (HSR) trains proposed for application in the United States is the responsibility of the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The characterization of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by both steady (dc) and alternating currents (ac) at power frequency (50 Hz in Europe and 60 Hz in the U.S.) and above, in the Extreme Low Frequency (ELF) range (3-3000 Hz), is of interest with respect to any potential health effects these fields may have on the public and on transportation workers. An EMF survey of National Rail Passengers Corporation trains operating on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) was performed, as part of a comprehensive comparative safety assessment of the German Transrapid (TR-07) maglev system, and of existing (NEC and transit trains) and advanced rail systems (the French TGV). The report is Volume 1 of two volumes. A portable magnetic field monitoring system (augmented to include an electric fields probe) was used to sample, record and store three-axis static and ac magnetic fields waveforms simultaneously, at multiple locations. A real time Digital Audio Tape (DAT) recorder able to capture EMF transients, and two personal power-frequency magnetic field monitors were used to collect complementary data.

Dietrich, F.M.; Feero, W.E.; Papas, P.N.; Steiner, G.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Proceedings of the Axial Offset Anomaly (AOA) Science Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents proceedings of the Axial Offset Anomaly (AOA) Science Workshop, held February 10-11 in Palo Alto, California. Twenty-two papers were presented on various aspects of AOA by utilities, EPRI Robust Fuel Program contractors, staff from EPRI and universities, international researchers, and equipment vendors.

2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

426

Calculation of the nucleon axial charge in lattice QCD  

SciTech Connect

Protons and neutrons have a rich structure in terms of their constituents, the quarks and gluons. Understanding this structure requires solving Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). However QCD is extremely complicated, so we must numerically solve the equations of QCD using a method known as lattice QCD. Here we describe a typical lattice QCD calculation by examining our recent computation of the nucleon axial charge.

D. B. Renner; R. G. Edwards; G. Fleming; Ph. Hagler; J. W. Negele; K. Orginos; A. V. Pochinsky; D. G. Richards; W. Schroers

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Inflationary Behaviour in Axial-symmetric Gravitational Collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the interior of a charged, spinning black hole formed from a general axially symmetric gravitational collapse is unstable to inflation of both its mass and angular momentum parameters. Although our results are formulated in the context of $(2+1)$-dimensional black holes, we argue that they are applicable to $(3+1)$ dimensions.

J. S. F. Chan; R. B. Mann

1994-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

428

Hydrostatic self-aligning axial/torsional mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a self-aligning axial/torsional loading mechanism for testing the strength of brittle materials which are sensitive to bending moments. Disposed inside said self-aligning loading mechanism is a frictionless hydrostatic ball joint with a flexure ring to accommodate torsional loads through said ball joint. 2 figs.

O' Connor, D.G.; Gerth, H.L.

1989-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

429

Hydrostatic self-aligning axial/torsional mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a self-aligning axial/torsional loading mechanism for testing the strength of brittle materials which are sensitive to bending moments. Disposed inside said self-aligning loading mechanism is a frictionless hydrostatic ball joint with a flexure ring to accommodate torsional loads through said ball joint.

O' Connor, Daniel G. (Knoxville, TN); Gerth, Howard L. (Knoxville, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Small core axial compressors for high efficiency jet aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis quantifies mechanisms that limit efficiency in small core axial compressors, defined here as compressor exit corrected flow between 1.5 and 3.0 lbm/s. The first part of the thesis describes why a small engine ...

DiOrio, Austin Graf

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Cyclone reactor with internal separation and axial recirculation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cyclone combustor apparatus contains a circular partition plate containing a central circular aperture. The partition plate divides the apparatus into a cylindrical precombustor chamber and a combustor chamber. A coal-water slurry is passed axially into the inlet end of the precombustor chamber, and primary air is passed tangentially into said chamber to establish a cyclonic air flow. Combustion products pass through the partition plate aperture and into the combustor chamber. Secondary air may also be passed tangentially into the combustor chamber adjacent the partition plate to maintain the cyclonic flow. Flue gas is passed axially out of the combustor chamber at the outlet end and ash is withdrawn tangentially from the combuston chamber at the outlet end. A first mixture of flue gas and ash may be tangentially withdrawn from the combustor chamber at the outlet end and recirculated to the axial inlet of the precombustor chamber with the coal-water slurry. A second mixture of flue gas and ash may be tangentially withdrawn from the outlet end of the combustor chamber and passed to a heat exchanger for cooling. Cooled second mixture is then recirculated to the axial inlet of the precombustor chamber. In another embodiment a single cyclone combustor chamber is provided with both the recirculation streams of the first mixture and the second mixture.

Becker, Frederick E. (Reading, MA); Smolensky, Leo A. (Concord, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cyclone reactor with internal separation and axial recirculation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cyclone combustor apparatus contains a circular partition plate containing a central circular aperture is described. The partition plate divides the apparatus into a cylindrical precombustor chamber and a combustor chamber. A coal-water slurry is passed axially into the inlet end of the precombustor chamber, and primary air is passed tangentially into said chamber to establish a cyclonic air flow. Combustion products pass through the partition plate aperture and into the combustor chamber. Secondary air may also be passed tangentially into the combustor chamber adjacent the partition plate to maintain the cyclonic flow. Flue gas is passed axially out of the combustor chamber at the outlet end and ash is withdrawn tangentially from the combustor chamber at the outlet end. A first mixture of flue gas and ash may be tangentially withdrawn from the combustor chamber at the outlet end and recirculated to the axial inlet of the precombustor chamber with the coal-water slurry. A second mixture may be tangentially withdrawn from the outlet end and passed to a heat exchanger for cooling. Cooled second mixture is then recirculated to the axial inlet of the precombustor chamber. In another embodiment a single cyclone combustor chamber is provided with both the recirculation streams of the first mixture and the second mixture. 10 figs.

Becker, F.E.; Smolensky, L.A.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

Proceedings of the Axial Offset Anomaly (AOA) Science Workshop  

SciTech Connect

This report presents proceedings of the Axial Offset Anomaly (AOA) Science Workshop, held February 10-11 in Palo Alto, California. Twenty-two papers were presented on various aspects of AOA by utilities, EPRI Robust Fuel Program contractors, staff from EPRI and universities, international researchers, and equipment vendors.

None

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

An imaging co-axial tube electrodynamic trap for manipulation of charged particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tubular particle trapping device was designed and fabricated using two co-axial electrically conductive tubes with diameters of 5 mm and 7 mm, respectively. The device was integrated with an imaging camera and optical fiber bundle for real time monitoring of trapped particle motion. Charged microparticles of 3 to 50 m diameter can be suspended in air at ambient pressure using the device utilizing a quadrupole potential with an alternating voltage of amplitude 300 V to 750 V and frequency of 30 Hz to 140 Hz. Controlled trapping of a single particle or multiple particles can be achieved by tuning the voltage amplitude. The particle remained trapped when the entire assembly was translated or rotated. The device can be used as a manipulator for charged particle transport and repositioning.

Jiang, Ms. Linan [University of Arizona; Whitten, William B [ORNL; Pau, Dr. Stanley [University of Arizona/Bell Labs

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Electric and Magnetic Walls on Dielectric Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sufficient conditions of the existence of electric or magnetic walls on dielectric interfaces are given for a multizone uniform dielectric waveguiding system. If one of two adjacent dielectric zones supports a TEM field distribution while the other supports a TM (TE) field distribution, then the common dielectric interface behaves as an electric (magnetic) wall, that is, the electric (magnetic) field line is perpendicular to the interface while the magnetic (electric) field line is parallel to the interface.

Changbiao Wang

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

Axial force imparted by a current-free magnetically expanding plasma  

SciTech Connect

The axial force imparted from a magnetically expanding, current-free, radiofrequency plasma is directly measured. For an argon gas flow rate of 25 sccm and an effective rf input power of {approx}800W, a maximum force of {approx}6mN is obtained; {approx}3mN of which is transmitted via the expanding magnetic field. The measured forces are reasonably compared with a simple fluid model associated with the measured electron pressure. The model suggests that the total force is the sum of an electron pressure inside the source and a Lorentz force due to the electron diamagnetic drift current and the applied radial magnetic field. It is shown that the Lorentz force is greatest near the magnetic nozzle surface where the radial pressure gradient is largest.

Takahashi, Kazunori [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8551 (Japan); Lafleur, Trevor; Charles, Christine; Alexander, Peter; Boswell, Rod W. [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Determing Degradation Of Fiberboard In The 9975 Shipping Package By Measuring Axial Gap  

SciTech Connect

Currently, thousands of model 9975 transportation packages are in use by the US Department of Energy (DOE); the design of which has been certified by DOE for shipment of Type B radioactive and fissile materials in accordance with Part 71, Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), or 10 CFR 71, Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material. These transportation packages are also approved for the storage of DOE-STD-3013 containers at the Savannah River Site (SRS). As such, the 9975 has been continuously exposed to the service environment for a period of time greater than the approved transportation service life. In order to ensure the material integrity as specified in the safety basis, an extensive surveillance program is in place in K-Area Complex (KAC) to monitor the structural and thermal properties of the fiberboard of the 9975 shipping packages. The surveillance approach uses a combination of Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) field surveillance and Destructive Examination (DE) lab testing to validate the 9975 performance assumptions. The fiberboard in the 9975 is credited with thermal insulation, criticality control and resistance to crushing. During surveillance monitoring in KAC, an increased axial gap of the fiberboard was discovered on selected items packaged at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). Many of these packages were later found to contain excess moisture. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) testing has resulted in a better understanding of the relationship between the fiberboard moisture level and compaction of the fiberboard under storage conditions and during transport. In laboratory testing, the higher moisture content has been shown to correspond to higher total compaction of fiberboard material and compaction rate. The fiberboard height is reduced by compression of the layers. This change is observed directly in the axial gap between the flange and the air shield. The axial gap measurement is made during the pre-use inspection or during the annual recertification process and is a screening measurement for changes in the fiberboard.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

3D joint inversion of gradient and total-field magnetic data Kristofer Davis and Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical, and Magnetics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

field and the derivative of its source to relate both data sets to a common source distribution. Our (Nelson, 1988) as well as enhancing the conventional gridding of total-field data by creating pseudo for the total-field and gradient data using a common 3D source distribution based on relationship between

439

Electricity Reliability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lines and bar graph Electricity Reliability The Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) conducts research, develops, and disseminates new methods, tools,...

440

Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

government incentives or subsidies in the near future. Companies active in the electric automobile area There are no companies directly active in the electric automobile...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "axial electric field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM Lab VI - 1 In the previous problems you explored by electric currents. This lab will carry that investigation one step further, determining how changing magnetic fields can give rise to electric currents. This is the effect that allows the generation

Minnesota, University of

442

Effect of circumferential groove casing treatment parameters on axial compressor flow range  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact on compressor flow range of circumferential casing grooves of varying groove depth, groove axial location, and groove axial extent is assessed against that of a smooth casing wall using computational experiments. ...

Hanley, Brian K. (Brian Kyle)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Axially staged combustion system for a gas turbine engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axially staged combustion system is provided for a gas turbine engine comprising a main body structure having a plurality of first and second injectors. First structure provides fuel to at least one of the first injectors. The fuel provided to the one first injector is adapted to mix with air and ignite to produce a flame such that the flame associated with the one first injector defines a flame front having an average length when measured from a reference surface of the main body structure. Each of the second injectors comprising a section extending from the reference surface of the main body structure through the flame front and having a length greater than the average length of the flame front. Second structure provides fuel to at least one of the second injectors. The fuel passes through the one second injector and exits the one second injector at a location axially spaced from the flame front.

Bland, Robert J. (Oviedo, FL)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Designing Axial Flow Fan for Flow and Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive finite element methodology is developed to predict the compressible flow performance of a non-symmetric 7-blade axial flow fan, and to quantify the source strength and sound pressure levels at any location in the system. The acoustic and flow performances of the fan are predicted simultaneously using a computational aero-acoustic technique combining transient flow analysis and noise propagation. The calculated sound power levels compare favorably with the measured sound power data per AMCA 300-96 code.

Subrata Roy; Phillip Cho; Fred Pri; International Off-highway

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Axial inlet conversion to a centrifugal compressor with magnetic bearings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NOVA's Alberta Gas Transmission Division transports natural gas via pipeline throughout the province of Alberta, Canada, exporting it to eastern Canada, US, and British Columbia. There is a continuing effort to operate the facilities and pipeline at the highest possible efficiency. One area being addressed to improve efficiency is compression of the gas. By improving compressor efficiency, fuel consumption and hence operating costs can be reduced. One method of improving compressor efficiency is by converting the compressor to an axial inlet configuration, a conversion that has been carried out more frequently in the past years. Concurrently, conventional hydrodynamic bearings have been replaced with magnetic bearings on many centrifugal compressors. This paper discusses the design and installation for converting a radial overhung unit to an axial inlet configuration, having both magnetic bearings and a thrust reducer. The thrust reducer is required to reduce axial compressor shaft loads, to a level that allows the practical installation of magnetic bearings within the space limitations of the compressor (Bear and Gibson, 1992).

Novecosky, T. (NOVA Corp., Edmonton, Alberta (Canada))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Electrically charged compact stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review here the classical argument used to justify the electrical neutrality of stars and show that if the pressure and density of the matter and gravitational field inside the star are large, then a charge and a strong electric field can be present. For a neutron star with high pressure (~ 10^{33} to 10^{35} dynes /cm^2) and strong gravitational field (~ 10^{14} cm/s^2), these conditions are satisfied. The hydrostatic equation which arises from general relativity, is modified considerably to meet the requirements of the inclusion of the charge. In order to see any appreciable effect on the phenomenology of the neutron stars, the charge and the electrical fields have to be huge (~ 10^{21} Volts/cm). These stars are not however stable from the viewpoint that each charged particle is unbound to the uncharged particles, and thus the system collapses one step further to a charged black hole

Subharthi Ray; Manuel Malheiro; Jose' P. S. Lemos; Vilson T. Zanchin

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

447

Impact evaluation of electrical equipments on human health  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objectives of study: - Measure of the electric and magnetic field from electric power station: Darste - Brasov, Lacu Sarat-Braila, Bradu-Arges; - Evaluation of human health from electric power station: Darste - Brasov, Lacu Sarat-Braila, Bradu-Arges; ... Keywords: electric and megnetic field, electric power stations, melatonin

Alice Raducanu; Aurica Suvergel; Angela Stanca; Marin Stefan; Cornella Marcolt; Corneliu Neagu

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Modeling the steady-state ISV (in situ vitrification) process: A 3-D finite element analysis of coupled thermal-electric fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Steady-state modeling considerations for simulating the in situ vitrification (ISV) process are documented based upon the finite element numerical approach. Recommendations regarding boundary condition specifications and mesh discretization are presented. The effects of several parameters on the ISV process response are calculated and the results discussed. The parameters investigated include: (1) electrode depth, (2) ambient temperature, (3) supplied current, (4) electrical conductivity, (5) electrode separation, and (6) soil/waste characterization. 13 refs., 29 figs., 1 tab.

Langerman, M.A.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Electricity Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Markets Electricity Markets Researchers in the electricity markets area conduct technical, economic, and policy analysis of energy topics centered on the U.S. electricity sector. Current research seeks to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to energy efficiency and demand response, renewable energy, electricity resource and transmission planning, electricity reliability and distributed generation resources. Research is conducted in the following areas: Energy efficiency research focused on portfolio planning and market assessment, design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives, utility sector energy efficiency business models, options for administering energy efficiency

450

COPT 81: A Field Experiment Designed for the Study of Dynamics and Electrical Activity of Deep Convection in Continental Tropical Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During May and June 1981 several French research organizations, the University of Abidjan (Ivory coast) and the Agency for security of Aeronautical Navigation (ASECNA), participated in the observational field program called Convection Profonde ...

Gilles Sommeria; J. Testud

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Effect of axial exposure distributions in burnup credit criticality analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burnup credit is the application of the effects of fuel exposure or burnup to nuclear criticality considerations in the design of spent fuel transport and storage facilities. One unique issue in this design approach is the proper treatment of the axial variation in burnup experienced by pressurized-water-reactor fuel assemblies. This paper describes calculations and results quantifying this effect in the criticality analysis of spent fuel array geometries. Recommendations are made to provide guidance in evaluating these effects via three different approaches. Final selection of the analysis methodology would be dependent on the specific application and the degree of accuracy required.

Marotta, C.R. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Brady, M.C (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Napolitano, D.G. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Boston, MA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Effect of axial exposure distributions in burnup credit criticality analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burnup credit is the application of the effects of fuel exposure or burnup to nuclear criticality considerations in the design of spent fuel transport and storage facilities. One unique issue in this design approach is the proper treatment of the axial variation in burnup experienced by pressurized-water-reactor fuel assemblies. This paper describes calculations and results quantifying this effect in the criticality analysis of spent fuel array geometries. Recommendations are made to provide guidance in evaluating these effects via three different approaches. Final selection of the analysis methodology would be dependent on the specific application and the degree of accuracy required.

Marotta, C.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Brady, M.C [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Napolitano, D.G. [Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Boston, MA (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Recovering partial conservation of axial current in diffractive neutrino scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model of diffractive neutrino scattering is formulated in terms of the chiral hadronic current which is conserved in the limit of vanishing pion mass. This current has the correct singularity structure and, naturally, does