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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

2

Aviation  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish framework for an effective aviation program. Cancels DOE 5480.13A. Canceled by DOE O 440.2A.

1995-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

3

Aviation  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the framework for an effective aviation program, and reduce or eliminate accidental losses and injuries in Departmental and contractor aviation operations. It includes Change 1, Change 2, and Change3. (Cancels DOE 5480.13A) Canceled DOE O 440.2A.

2000-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

4

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

5

Protozoa in Subsurface Sediments from Sites Contaminated with Aviation Gasoline or Jet Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with Aviation Gasoline or Jet Fuel James L. Sinclair 1 * Don H...of aviation gasoline and jet fuel spill areas at a Coast Guard...aerobic bacteria, protozoa, algae, and fungae in deep subsurface...aviation gasoline and JP-4 jet fuel in subsurface core samples...

James L. Sinclair; Don H. Kampbell; Mike L. Cook; John T. Wilson

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

,"U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

7

,"Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

8

Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the framework for an efficient, effective, secure, and safe aviation program in the Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractor aviation operations. Cancels DOE O 440.2A. Canceled by DOE O 440.2C.

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

9

Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the framework for an efficient, effective, secure, and safe aviation program in the Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractor aviation operations. Cancels DOE O 440.2. Canceled by DOE O 440.2B.

2002-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

10

Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This directive establishes the framework for an efficient, effective, secure, and safe aviation program in the DOE and its contractor operations. Cancels DOE O 440.2A, Aviation, dated 3-8-02.

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

11

Federal Aviation Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transportation systems FAA's RDT&E Organization: Federal Laboratory for R&D of aviation systems IndependentFederal Aviation Administration Federal Aviation AdministrationNextGen: Primer, Challenges. Wilson N. Felder Director, FAA William J. Hughes Technical Center Date: 6 February 2012 #12;2Federal

12

Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish a policy framework that will ensure safety, efficiency and effectiveness of government or contractor aviation operations. Cancels DOE O 440.2B.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Aviation turbine fuels, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1980 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1980 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 98 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5 and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Aviation turbine fuels, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1982 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1982 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 14 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 90 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and HP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.; Dickson, C.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Aviation turbine fuels, 1979  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1979 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1979 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 93 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Aviation turbine fuels, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1981 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1981 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 15 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 95 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish a policy framework that will ensure safety, efficiency and effectiveness of government or contractor aviation operations. Cancels DOE O 440.2B. Admin Chg 1, dated 6-22-11, cancels DOE O 440.2C.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Aviation Weather Information Requirements Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Aviation Safety Program (AvSP) has as its goal an improvement in aviation safety by a factor of 5 over the next 10 years and a factor of 10 over the next 20 years. Since weather has a big impact on aviation safety and is associated with 30 percent ...

Keel Byron M.; Stancil Charles E.; Eckert Clifford A.; Brown Susan M.; Gimmestad Gary G.; Richards Mark A.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Federal Aviation Administration 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the extent necessary, to ensure compliance with international obligations of the United States and to protect Reconciliation Act of 1990, Public Law 101-508, Title IX, Aviation Safety and Capacity Expansion Act. · What investments in such initiatives. · Improve Space System Development and Procurement. · Strengthen Interagency

Waliser, Duane E.

20

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation April The Transportation Center has organized a special Aviation Symposium focusing on important aviation industry topics, Professor of Transportation at Northwestern University and former Director of the Transportation Center

Bustamante, Fabián E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A case for biofuels in aviation  

SciTech Connect

In the last 15 years, the technical and the economic feasibility of biomass based fuels for general aviation piston engines has been proven. Exhaustive ground and flight tests performed at the Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) using ethanol, ethanol/methanol blends, and ETBE have proven these fuels to be superior to aviation gasoline (avgas) in all aspects of performance except range. Two series of Lycoming engines have been certified. Record flights, including a transatlantic flight on pure ethanol, were made to demonstrate the reliability of the fuel. Aerobatic demonstrations with aircraft powered by ethanol, ethanol/methanol, and ETBE were flown at major airshows around the world. the use of bio-based fuels for aviation will benefit energy security, improve the balance of trade, domestic economy, and environmental quality. The United States has the resources to supply the aviation community`s needs with a domestically produced fuel using current available technology. The adoption of a renewable fuel in place of conventional petroleum-based fuels for aviation piston and turbine engines is long overdue.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

FAQS Reference Guide- Aviation Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1, Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

23

Aviation Technology | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and better, with futuristic propulsion systems that solve today's flight challenges. Home > Innovation > Aviation Ceramic Matrix Composites Improve Engine Efficiency Ceramic...

24

Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF AVIATION MANAGEMENT Personal Profile Name: Patricia L. "Pat" Hagerty Title: Aviation Program Analyst Organization: Office of Aviation Management/MA-30 Address: Headquarters, United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 E-mail Address: patricia.hagerty@hq.doe.gov Phone Number: Office: (202) 586-5489, Mobile: (240) 477-3671 Fax Number: (202) 586-6008 Field of Expertise/ Experience: Prior to joining the Office of Aviation Management on March 28, 2008, Pat was a Transportation Industry Analyst (TIA) in the Department of Transportation's Office of the General Counsel, Aviation Consumer Protection Division. As a TIA, Pat evaluated domestic and foreign air carriers to ensure compliance with existing consumer protection

25

Aviation emission inventory development and analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An up to date and accurate aviation emission inventory is a prerequisite for any detailed analysis of aviation emission impact on greenhouse gases and local air quality around airports. In this paper we present an aviation emission inventory using real ... Keywords: Air traffic, Aviation emission, Emission inventory, Environmental modelling

Viet Van Pham; Jiangjun Tang; Sameer Alam; Chris Lokan; Hussein A. Abbass

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

aviation fuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aviation fuels aviation fuels Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to oil and other petroleum products. Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords aviation fuels diesel fuel oil oil petrol Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon annual production, imports, and exports of all oil products (xls, 294.9 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon quarterly production of oil products by fuel type (xls, 272.4 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon total petrol (xls, 155.1 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon premium unleaded petrol (xls, 95.2 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon regular unleaded petrol (xls, 119.3 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon diesel (xls, 151 KiB)

27

An Operations Research approach to aviation security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, aviation security policy has remained a focus of national attention. We develop mathematical models to address some prominent problems in aviation security. We explore ...

Martonosi, Susan Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Aviation Symposium: The Future of Aviation Northwestern University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF AVIATION · O'Hare and Midway International Airports · 85 million passengers/1.1 million;MIDWAY OVERVIEW · 17.6 million passengers in 2010 · Fastest growing airport in U.S. ­ 2009 · 250+ daily AT MIDWAY · Required Navigation Performance (RNP) procedures ­ GPS capabilities of aircraft for more

Bustamante, Fabián E.

29

Aviation Sustainable Biofuels: An Asian Airline Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation Sustainable Biofuels: An Asian Airline Perspective Dr Mark Watson Head of Environmental Affairs, Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd, Hong Kong Aviation Biofuels Session World Biofuels Markets, Rotterdam 24 March 2011 #12;Aviation Biofuels in Asia: Current Status · Focus on "2nd generation" sustainable

30

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Joseph Ginanni Aviation Manager Joseph Ginanni Joseph Ginanni Role: Aviation Manager Award: U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Aviation Professional Award

31

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Joseph Ginanni Aviation Manager Joseph Ginanni Joseph Ginanni Role: Aviation Manager Award: U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Aviation Professional Award

32

Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ferrin Moore Ferrin Moore Title: Senior Aviation Policy Officer Organization: Office of Aviation Management/MA-30 Address: Headquarters, United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 E-mail Address: Ferrin.Moore@hq.doe.gov Phone Number: Office: (202) 586-6171, Mobile: Fax Number: (202) 586-6008 Biographical Summary: Ferrin Moore is a highly experience aviation manager and leader with 30 years of aviation experience in the private and government sector. Prior to joining the Office of Aviation Management Ferrin served 15 years with the Federal Aviation Administration as an Aviation Safety Inspector and Manager. While in the private sector, he worked for United Airlines Maintenance Division in San Francisco and Washington D.C.

33

Aviation fuel demand development in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyzes the core factors and the impact path of aviation fuel demand in China and conducts a structural decomposition analysis of the aviation fuel cost changes and increase of the main aviation enterprises business profits. Through the establishment of an integrated forecast model for Chinas aviation fuel demand, this paper confirms that the significant rise in Chinas aviation fuel demand because of increasing air services demand is more than offset by higher aviation fuel efficiency. There are few studies which use a predictive method to decompose, estimate and analyze future aviation fuel demand. Based on a structural decomposition with indirect prediction, aviation fuel demand is decomposed into efficiency and total amount (aviation fuel efficiency and air transport total turnover). The core influencing factors for these two indexes are selected using path analysis. Then, univariate and multivariate models (ETS/ARIMA model and Bayesian multivariate regression) are used to analyze and predict both aviation fuel efficiency and air transport total turnover. At last, by integrating results, future aviation fuel demand is forecast. The results show that the aviation fuel efficiency goes up by 0.8% as the passenger load factor increases 1%; the air transport total turnover goes up by 3.8% and 0.4% as the urbanization rate and the per capita GDP increase 1%, respectively. By the end of 2015, Chinas aviation fuel demand will have increased to 28 million tonnes, and is expected to be 50 million tonnes by 2020. With this in mind, increases in the main aviation enterprises business profits must be achieved through the further promotion of air transport.

Jian Chai; Zhong-Yu Zhang; Shou-Yang Wang; Kin Keung Lai; John Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation service difficulty Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aviation Products GOES Aviation Products Summary: , Alabama for potential use by National Weather Service (NWS) Forecast Offices. 12;GOES Aviation Products... GOES Aviation...

35

DOE Federal Aviation Professional Awards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Aviation Program Awards Federal Aviation Program Awards NOMINATION FORM ENTRIES MUST BE MAILED OR FAXED NOT LATER THAN JULY 14, 2006. Please type your information and use a separate form for each entry. Please attach the "Nomination Criteria Questionnaire" and up to four pages of justification to each form. In the justification, please describe your program-number of aircraft, number of people, mission, flying hours, cost of program, etc. Send to: Michael Miles, GSA, 1800 F St., NW, Room G-219, Washington, DC, 20405, or FAX 202-501-0349. For a digital copy of the nomination forms, send an e-mail to michael.miles@gsa.gov. Name of Professional: ___MICHAEL W. L. ASHER_________________ (Must be a civilian Federal Employee; contractors and uniformed military members are not eligible.)

36

DOE/Boeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOEBoeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology at Sandia DOEBoeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology at Sandia Presentation by Lennie Klebanoff...

37

Aviation Safety Program Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety, Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck research project. It contains reference to past work as the other elements of NASA's Aviation Safety Program (AvSP). Without an integrated working relationshipAviation Safety Program Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck Technical Plan Summary Principal

38

AVIATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS BYLAWS AND PROTOCOLS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AVIATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS AVIATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS BYLAWS AND PROTOCOLS The Department of Energy strives to manage its Aviation Program toward the highest standards of safety, efficiency, fairness in contracting, preservation of competition in the private sector, open communication, prudent property management, and the best examples of resource management. Toward these ends, the Department has established a management structure led by a Board of Directors comprising active Federal employee aviation managers from the Department. AUTHORITY: The following authorities serve as basis for this structure and system: Office of Management and Budget Circular A-126, FMR 102.33, DEAR 109, DOE Order 440.2B, Aviation Management Review Team Report, March 1999, and Secretary of Energy Appointment and Delegation of Authority, April 15, 1999.

39

Aviation Management Professional Award Nomination for:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Nomination for Professional Nomination for Managerial/Official Award: Joseph M. Ginanni Aviation Manager US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office Bio Joseph M. Ginanni Aviation Manager National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Mr. Ginanni has worked for the Nevada Site Office (NSO) since 1991. For the past five years, he has served as the NSO Aviation Manager, managing and overseeing the Management and Operating contractor's aviation services department and their operation and maintenance of NSO's five aircraft (3 Beechcraft King Airs and 2 Bell 412s) which are stationed at both Nellis AFB, NV and Andrews AFB, MD. Prior to his position as Aviation Manager, he was the team leader for the Radioactive Waste

40

DOE Federal Aviation Professional Awards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Awards Professional Awards NOMINATION FORM ENTRIES MUST BE MAILED OR FAXED NOT LATER THAN May 19, 2006. Please type your information and use a separate form for each entry. Please attach the "Nomination Criteria Questionnaire" and up to four pages of justification to each form. In the justification, please include a brief biography of the nominee and a description of the nominee's duties. Send to: David N. Lopez, Headquarters U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Aviation Management/MA-30, Room 4B-218, 1000 Independence Ave, NW, , Washington, DC, 20585, or FAX 202-586-6008. Please send digital copies of the nomination forms by e-mail to david.lopez@hq.doe.gov. Name of Professional: ___________________________________________________

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DOE Federal Aviation Program Awards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Awards Program Awards NOMINATION FORM ENTRIES MUST BE MAILED OR FAXED NOT LATER THAN May 19, 2006. Please type your information and use a separate form for each entry. Please attach the "Nomination Criteria Questionnaire" and up to four pages of justification to each form. In the justification, please describe your program-number of aircraft, number of people, mission, flying hours, cost of program, etc. Send to: David N. Lopez, Headquarters U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Aviation Management/MA-30, Room 4B-218, 1000 Independence Ave, NW, , Washington, DC, 20585, or FAX 202-586-6008. Please send digital copies of the nomination forms by e-mail to david.lopez@hq.doe.gov. Name of Program: ______________________________________________________

42

Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One (MAWTS-1) sleep, fatigue, and aviator performance study .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Weapons and Tactics Instructor (WTI) course conducted at the Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One (MAWTS-1) command in Yuma, Arizona is considered the (more)

Maynard, Pamelyn L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Federal Aviation Administration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aviation Administration Aviation Administration Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Federal Aviation Administration Name Federal Aviation Administration Address 800 Independence Ave., SW Place Washington, District of Columbia Zip 20591 Year founded 1958 Website http://www.faa.gov/ Coordinates 38.8872756°, -77.0230138° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8872756,"lon":-77.0230138,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Sources in Aviation, Imperial College London. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Mapping expert perspectives of the aviation sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aviation globally is characterised by significant change and consequently the future of the sector has always been difficult to predict. This study adopts a systemic approach based on findings from exploratory interviews with UK aviation academics to: determine the roles of stakeholders in the air transport system; report the current issues facing the sector; explore how these issues interact and impact on the stakeholders in the system; and speculate on the future implications. Six core stakeholders are identified: airlines, airports, consumers, manufacturers, governing institutions and interest groups. Nine core issues are reported, namely: local environment, climate change, peak oil, the state of the economy, social norms, demographics, disruptive events, national (or international) regulations and capacity. A matrix of interactions and their impacts and implications for managing the aviation system is then presented.

Namasoondrum P. Mootien; James P. Warren; Dick Morris; Marcus P. Enoch

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Federal Aviation Administration's Airport Capital Improvement Program Development Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Airport Capital Improvement Program (ACIP) serves as the primary tool for project planning and formulation by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The FAA relies on the ACIP to serve as the basis for the distribution of Aviation Trust...

Tener, Scott D.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

47

Future trends in local air quality impacts of aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The International Civil Aviation Organization is considering the use of cost-benefit analyses to estimate interdependencies between the industry costs and the major environmental impacts in policy-making for aviation. To ...

Rojo, Julien Joseph

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Alternative fuels : how can aviation cross the "Valley of Death"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation has used petroleum-derived fuels for over 100 years. With the rapidly rising price of oil and concerns about supply, the military and the commercial airlines are fostering the development of an alternative aviation ...

Harrison, William E. (William Elton)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Benefit-cost assessment of aviation environmental policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aids in the development of a framework in which to conduct global benefit-cost assessments of aviation policies. Current policy analysis tools, such as the aviation environmental portfolio management tool (APMT), ...

Gilmore, Christopher K. (Christopher Kenneth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A General Equilibrium Analysis of Climate Policy for Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Technology and Policy at the MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY June 2011 c Massachusetts Institute accounting matrix is re-balanced to include aviation, a non-unity income elasticity of demand is introduced.S.). However, the price of aviation and sector output are more responsive. When trading between an aviation

51

Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2011- 2012 Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS of aviation safety. Endings signal new beginnings and new beginnings mean evolving challenges for safety. This was the world in which the USC Aviation Safety and Security Program was born in 1952 and this is the world

Wang, Hai

52

Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010- 2011 Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Relevance and currency -- that is what drives the Aviation Safety and Security Program of the USC Viterbi that our core course, Aviation Safety Management Systems, is so necessary in ensuring the safety

Wang, Hai

53

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potentials and Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potentials and Policies Agency/Company /Organization: Pew Center on Global Climate Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/aviation-and-marine-report-2009.pdf Cost: Free References: Greenhouse Gas emissions from aviation and marine transportation: mitigation potential and policies[1] "This paper provides an overview of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from aviation and marine transportation and the various mitigation options to

54

FAQS Job Task Analyses - DOE AVIATION MANAGER (AvM)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MANAGER (AvM) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS MANAGER (AvM) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS Job Analysis Worksheet for Tasks DOE AVIATION MANAGER Task Source Importance Frequency A Establishes goals for the field aviation program based on the anticipated requirements as applicable to DOE/NNSA, the field element, and other DOE/NNSA organizations that may require aviation services. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 5 1 B Implements DOE/NNSA aviation management and safety policy and establishes the field element's standards for the aviation program that will ensure an effective, safe, secure and cost-efficient operation in accordance with this Order. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 5 2 C Develops the organization's Aviation Implementation Documents (AID) and annually reviews the AID to ensure that it is current. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 5 1

55

FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Manager | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manager Manager FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Manager A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-AviationManager.docx Description Aviation Manager Qualification Card More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Safety Officer

56

FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Safety Officer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Officer Safety Officer FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Safety Officer A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-AviationSafetyOfficer.docx Description Aviation Safety Officer Qualification Card More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Manager

57

Nevada Field Office recognized for its outstanding aviation program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nevada Field Office (NFO) and its contract partner, the National Security Technologies (NSTec) Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) Aviation Department, have received the 2012 U.S....

58

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

59

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

60

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

62

Process for Converting Algal Oil to Alternative Aviation Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Process for Converting Algal Oil to Alternative Aviation Fuel Los Alamos National Laboratory Contact LANL About This Technology The conversion process uses a Kolbe-based method of...

63

E-Print Network 3.0 - australian aviation psychology Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aviation psychology Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: australian aviation psychology Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Contemporary Issues...

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation safety requirements Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Canadian business aviation community globally, advocating safety, security, and efficiency CBAA NEWS BRIEF... Operations, Skyservice Business Aviation Inc. Vice Chair ...

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation risk-management information Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UMIST PO Box 88, Manchester M60... researcher Paul Upham, co-editor of the book Towards Sustainable Aviation (Earthscan, 2003). The Policy Note... by the proposed aviation...

66

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation safety Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation safety Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Bachelor of Science in Aviation Air Transport...

67

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidents aviation Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 3 A Historical Perspective on Aviation Accident Investigation C. W. Johnson Summary: A Historical Perspective on Aviation Accident Investigation C. W. Johnson C....

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation accidents findings Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 3 A Historical Perspective on Aviation Accident Investigation C. W. Johnson Summary: A Historical Perspective on Aviation Accident Investigation C. W. Johnson C....

69

Human integration in the lifecycle of aviation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While Human Factors is perhaps the most critical discipline to improving aviation safety, research and development is disproportionately small-scale, fragmented and unsustained. The key issue is the delivery of Human Factors knowledge throughout the ... Keywords: Human Factors, aviation, innovation, operational performance, research capability, safety, system improvement, system life-cycle, system models

Nick McDonald

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Greener aviation with virtual sensors: a case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The environmental impact of aviation is enormous given the fact that in the US alone there are nearly 6 million flights per year of commercial aircraft. This situation has driven numerous policy and procedural measures to help develop environmentally ... Keywords: Anomaly detection, Aviation, Ensemble learning, Environmental systems, Gaussian process

Ashok N. Srivastava

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

FAQS Job Task Analyses - DOE AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER (ASO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SAFETY OFFICER (ASO) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS SAFETY OFFICER (ASO) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS Job Analysis Worksheet for Task DOE AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER Task Source Importance Frequency A Gathers, trends, and analyzes aviation safety performance data to ensure the safety of the field aviation program. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 4 3 B Conducts periodic assessments of aviation activities to ensure that requirements, policies, and procedures are implemented and followed and prepares reports documenting assessment findings, concerns, and recommendations and tracks corrective actions to help prevent similar occurrences. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 4 3 C Participates as directed in aviation accident or incident investigations and provides assistance to accident investigation boards during their investigations.

72

M.S. in Aviation and Space The Master's in Aviation and Space emphasizes management, regulation, finance,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5303 ­ Aviation and Space Quality Issues AVED 5453 ­ Advanced Aviation Security *AVED 5473 ­ Aerospace Education and Training Effectiveness AVED 5543 ­ Advanced Aerospace Communications *AVED 5593 ­ Influencing Public Policy in the Aerospace Industry AVED 5813 ­ Earth Observation Systems AVED 5823 ­ Space Science

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

73

Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

64-2003 64-2003 September 2003 CHANGE NOTICE NO. 1 January 2010 DOE STANDARD AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1164-2003 CH-1 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1164-2003 CH-1 iv List of Changes Page/paragraph Change Page ii Change to new FAQS format Page iii Change in approval signature Page iv Added list of changes Page v Updated Table of Contents Page vii Changes to organizational names and

74

Aviation Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-STD-1165-2003 September 2003 CHANGE NOTICE NO. 1 December 2009 DOE STANDARD AVIATION MANAGER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1165-2003 CH-1 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1165-2003 CH-1 iv List of Changes Page/paragraph Change Page ii Change to new FAQS format Page iii Change in approval signature Page iv Added list of changes Page v Changes to Table of Contents Page vii Changes to organizational names and

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation gas turbines Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbines Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation gas turbines...

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation turbine fuels Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuels Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation turbine fuels...

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation turbine fuel Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuel Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation turbine fuel...

78

Comparative analysis of aviation safety information feedback systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the aviation system, there are several feedback systems to prevent an accident. First of all, the accident and serious incident reporting and investigation system is established by the Chicago Convention. In general, ...

Funahashi, Yoshifuru

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Use of Loran-C for general aviation aircraft navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes an extensive evaluation of Loran-C for use by general aviation. Flight, ground, and antenna tests were done. Flight tests measured the accuracy and the ability to make approaches. Receiver reliability ...

Natarajan, Krishnan

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Safety Officer | Department of...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Safety Officer FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Safety Officer This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

[Research and workshop on alternative fuels for aviation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) at Baylor University was granted U. S. Department of Energy (US DOE) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) funds for research and development to improve the efficiency in ethanol powered aircraft, measure performance and compare emissions of ethanol, Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE) and 100 LL aviation gasoline. The premise of the initial proposal was to use a test stand owned by Engine Components Inc. (ECI) based in San Antonio, Texas. After the grant was awarded, ECI decided to close down its test stand facility. Since there were no other test stands available at that time, RAFDC was forced to find additional support to build its own test stand. Baylor University provided initial funds for the test stand building. Other obstacles had to be overcome in order to initiate the program. The price of the emission testing equipment had increased substantially beyond the initial quote. Rosemount Analytical Inc. gave RAFDC an estimate of $120,000.00 for a basic emission testing package. RAFDC had to find additional funding to purchase this equipment. The electronic ignition unit also presented a series of time consuming problems. Since at that time there were no off-the-shelf units of this type available, one had to be specially ordered and developed. FAA funds were used to purchase a Super Flow dynamometer. Due to the many unforeseen obstacles, much more time and effort than originally anticipated had to be dedicated to the project, with much of the work done on a volunteer basis. Many people contributed their time to the program. One person, mainly responsible for the initial design of the test stand, was a retired engineer from Allison with extensive aircraft engine test stand experience. Also, many Baylor students volunteered to assemble the. test stand and continue to be involved in the current test program. Although the program presented many challenges, which resulted in delays, the RAFDC's test stand is an asset which provides an ongoing research capability dedicated to the testing of alternative fuels for aircraft engines. The test stand is now entirely functional with the exception of the electronic ignition unit which still needs adjustments.

NONE

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Baylor University - Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Baylor University - Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Address One Bear Place #97413 Place Waco, Texas Zip 76798 Region Texas Area Coordinates 31.496762°, -97.305664° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.496762,"lon":-97.305664,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

83

Aviation environmental policy effects on national- and regional-scale air quality, noise, and climate impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The continued growth of the aviation industry poses a challenge to policy-makers and industry stakeholders as each decision represents a trade-off on efficiency, equity, and environmental impact. The Aviation environmental ...

Wolfe, Philip J. (Philip James)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

A system theoretic safety analysis of U.S. Coast Guard aviation mishap involving CG-6505  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During a 22-month period, between 2008 and 2010, the U.S. Coast Guard experienced seven Class-A aviation mishaps resulting in the loss of 14 Coast Guard aviators and seven Coast Guard aircraft. This represents the highest ...

Hickey, Jon (Jon Patrick)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Dynamics of implementation of mitigating measures to reduce CO? emissions from commercial aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing demand for air transportation and growing environmental concerns motivate the need to implement measures to reduce CO? emissions from aviation. Case studies of historical changes in the aviation industry have ...

Kar, Rahul, 1979-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Dynamics of Implementation of Mitigating Measures to Reduce CO2 Emissions from Commercial Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing demand for air transportation and growing environmental concerns motivate the need to implement measures to reduce CO2 emissions from aviation. Case studies of historical changes in the aviation industry have ...

Kar, Rahul

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

87

Civil aviation and technogeopolitics: the struggle for control of world air routes, 1910-1939  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the development of international civil aviation from 1910 to 1939 at four international conferences from 1910 to 1928. The impact of civil aviation technology on the geopolitical position of the United States, Britain...

Butler, David Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

88

The air quality impact of aviation in future-year emissions scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid growth of aviation is critical to the world and US economy, and it faces several important challenges among which lie the environmental impacts of aviation on noise, climate and air quality. The first objective ...

Ashok, Akshay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A response surface model of the air quality impacts of aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation demand is expected to double in the coming decades, and there are growing concerns about its impacts on the environment. Governments seek to mitigate the impacts of aviation on climate, air quality, and noise by ...

Ma?ek, Tudor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Report of the DOE-DOE Workshop on Fuel Cells in Aviation: Workshop...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report of the DOE-DOE Workshop on Fuel Cells in Aviation: Workshop Summary and Action Plan Report of the DOE-DOE Workshop on Fuel Cells in Aviation: Workshop Summary and Action...

91

Hydrogen Production by Noncatalytic Autothermal Reformation of Aviation Fuel Using Supercritical Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen Production by Noncatalytic Autothermal Reformation of Aviation Fuel Using Supercritical Water ... Energy Fuels, 2009, 23 (12), ...

Jason W. Picou; Jonathan E. Wenzel; H. Brian Lanterman; Sunggyu Lee

2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Convergence Approach to Model Physical World and Cyber World of Aviation Cyber Physical System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aviation Cyber-Physical Systems are the integration of cyber systems and physical systems. Recent concentration to Aviation Cyber Physical Systems (ACPS) is driven by the demand for deeper Convergence of design disciplines that integrate physical and ... Keywords: Aviation Cyber Physical System CPS, Modelica, AADL, SysML, Spatial-Temporal Features, Dynamic Continuous Features

Lichen Zhang

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Economic and emissions impacts of renewable fuel goals for aviation in the US*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted 1 October 2013 Keywords: Aviation Biofuels Climate change Emissions abatement a b s t r a c t The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel that meeting the aviation biofuel goal in 2020 will require an implicit subsidy from airlines to bio- fuel

94

Performance of Civil Aviation Receivers during Maximum Solar Activity Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of Civil Aviation Receivers during Maximum Solar Activity Events Lina DEAMBROGIO on the fields of ionosphere scintillations, solar energetic particles and on the implementation of operational the upcoming period of high solar activity. Emilien ROBERT got his PhD in 2005 and started to work on behalf

Boyer, Edmond

95

CALLBACKCALLBACKFrom NASA's Aviation Safety Reporting System Number 304 January 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of navigation aids and use "flight following." Among other things, wrong is a word that describes something as being out of normal working order or condition. When something "goes wrong" with an aircraft component, a piece of equipment, a schedule, a passenger, or the weather for example, that's when aviation

96

The Impact of Climate Policy on U.S. Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the impact of an economy-wide cap-and-trade policy on U.S. aviation taking the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R.2454) as a representative example. We use an economywide model to estimate the ...

Winchester, Niven

97

Certification of alternative aviation fuels and blend components  

SciTech Connect

Aviation turbine engine fuel specifications are governed by ASTM International, formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) International, and the British Ministry of Defence (MOD). ASTM D1655 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels and MOD Defence Standard 91-91 are the guiding specifications for this fuel throughout most of the world. Both of these documents rely heavily on the vast amount of experience in production and use of turbine engine fuels from conventional sources, such as crude oil, natural gas condensates, heavy oil, shale oil, and oil sands. Turbine engine fuel derived from these resources and meeting the above specifications has properties that are generally considered acceptable for fuels to be used in turbine engines. Alternative and synthetic fuel components are approved for use to blend with conventional turbine engine fuels after considerable testing. ASTM has established a specification for fuels containing synthesized hydrocarbons under D7566, and the MOD has included additional requirements for fuels containing synthetic components under Annex D of DS91-91. New turbine engine fuel additives and blend components need to be evaluated using ASTM D4054, Standard Practice for Qualification and Approval of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives. This paper discusses these specifications and testing requirements in light of recent literature claiming that some biomass-derived blend components, which have been used to blend in conventional aviation fuel, meet the requirements for aviation turbine fuels as specified by ASTM and the MOD. The 'Table 1' requirements listed in both D1655 and DS91-91 are predicated on the assumption that the feedstocks used to make fuels meeting these requirements are from approved sources. Recent papers have implied that commercial jet fuel can be blended with renewable components that are not hydrocarbons (such as fatty acid methyl esters). These are not allowed blend components for turbine engine fuels as discussed in this paper.

Wilson III, George R. (Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, Texas 78238 (United States)); Edwards, Tim; Corporan, Edwin (United States Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)); Freerks, Robert L. (Rentech, Incorporated, 1331 17th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 (United States))

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect

This report is for biofuels stakeholders interested the U.S. aviation fuel market. Jet fuel production represents about 10% of U.S. petroleum refinery production. Exxon Mobil, Chevron, and BP top producers, and Texas, Louisiana, and California are top producing states. Distribution of fuel primarily involves transport from the Gulf Coast to other regions. Fuel is transported via pipeline (60%), barges on inland waterways (30%), tanker truck (5%), and rail (5%). Airport fuel supply chain organization and fuel sourcing may involve oil companies, airlines, airline consortia, airport owners and operators, and airport service companies. Most fuel is used for domestic, commercial, civilian flights. Energy efficiency has substantially improved due to aircraft fleet upgrades and advanced flight logistic improvements. Jet fuel prices generally track prices of crude oil and other refined petroleum products, whose prices are more volatile than crude oil price. The single largest expense for airlines is jet fuel, so its prices and persistent price volatility impact industry finances. Airlines use various strategies to manage aviation fuel price uncertainty. The aviation industry has established goals to mitigate its greenhouse gas emissions, and initial estimates of biojet life cycle greenhouse gas emissions exist. Biojet fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids processes have ASTM standards. The commercial aviation industry and the U.S. Department of Defense have used aviation biofuels. Additional research is needed to assess the environmental, economic, and financial potential of biojet to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate long-term upward price trends, fuel price volatility, or both.

Davidson, C.; Newes, E.; Schwab, A.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Implementation Guide - Aviation Program Performance Indicators (Metrics) for use with DOE O 440.2B, Aviation Management And Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Guide provides information regarding Departmental expectations on provisions of DOE 440.2B, identifies acceptable methods of implementing Aviation Program Performance Indicators (Metrics) requirements in the Order, and identifies relevant principles and practices by referencing Government and non-Government standards. Canceled by DOE G 440.2B-1A.

2002-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Aviation Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Aviation Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http://http://www.escoot.co.uk Region United Kingdom LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Aviation_Enterprises_Ltd_see_Marine_Current_Turbines_Ltd&oldid=678251" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs MHK Companies What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Growth scenarios for EU & UK aviation: contradictions with climate policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3 Conclusions 20 3. Reducing aviation industry emissions 21 3.1 Alternative fuels 21 3.1.1 Biodiesel 21 3.1.2 Biokerosene 21 3.1.3 Hydrogen 22 3.1.4 Other alternative fuels 23 3.1.5 Summary 23 3.2 Airframe and engine of figures and tables 5 Summary 7 1 Introduction 7 2 The Need for Extended National Climate Commitments 10 2

Watson, Andrew

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation personnel Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the country. The US aircraft manufacturer says the strategic... that is researching algae-based aviation biofuels has been expanded to include other research institutions......

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation altitudes 2006-2008 Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

local... regulatory authorities in making their decisions. (Abstract) Keywords-air pollution; aviation; data mining I Source: George Mason University, Center for Air...

104

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a lower estimate for the bunker inventory: Comment on Transport: Aviation and Marine (Bunker Fuels), see http://commonly referred to as bunker fuels to differentiate them

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

106

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation safety seminar Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation safety seminar Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Submisso de Trabalho Completo INTRODUCTION TO...

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation safety management Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation safety management Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 This certificate program was developed in...

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation safety program Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation safety program Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 This certificate program was developed in response...

110

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil. Aviation and marine fuels consumed during internationalthan IEA estimates. Marine fuel sales data reported to IEAthe best estimate of marine fuel use (Endresen, Srgrd et

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Development of an income-based hedonic monetization model for the assessment of aviation-related noise impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation is an industry that has seen tremendous growth in the last several decades. With demand for aviation projected to rise at an annual rate of 5% over the next 20 to 25 years, it is important to consider technological, ...

He, Qinxian, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Implementation Guide - Aviation Management, Operations, Maintenance, Security, and Safety for Use with DOE O 440.2B, Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Guide provides detailed information to help all personnel, responsible for a part of the aviation program, understand and comply with the rules and regulations applicable to their assignments. Canceled by DOE G 440.2B-2A.

2003-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

113

Rapid Monitoring of Hydrocarbon Blending Stocks in Modified Aviation Turbine Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......stocks in JP-4 aviation turbine fuel. Introduction High resolution capillary gas chromatography affords...principal Air Force aviation turbine fuel, and the incorporation...Model 3700 capillary gas chromatographic system...Products), to remove residual oxygen and/or water......

P.C. Hayes; Jr.; E.W. Pitzer

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Rapid Monitoring of Hydrocarbon Blending Stocks in Modified Aviation Turbine Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......JP-4 jet fuel. For JP-4 turbine fuel, the analysis is relatively...blending stocks in JP-4 aviation turbine fuel. Introduction High resolution...principal Air Force aviation turbine fuel, and the incorporation...Scientific). The column's efficiency was measured and found to be......

P.C. Hayes; Jr.; E.W. Pitzer

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Convective heat transfer characteristics of China RP-3 aviation kerosene at supercritical pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convective heat transfer characteristics of China RP-3 aviation kerosene at supercritical pressure Keywords: Supercritical pressure Aviation kerosene Convective heat transfer Numerical study a b s t r a c convective in kerosene pipe flow is complicated. Here the convective heat transfer characteristics of China

Guo, Zhixiong "James"

116

Aviation Safety Reporting System 625 Ellis St. Suite 305 Mountain View California 94043  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the event. Those who work to improve aviation safety have long recognized that incident reporting fromAviation Safety Reporting System 625 Ellis St. Suite 305 Mountain View California 94043 Cabin Crew Safety Information Article Presented at the 17th International Aircraft Cabin Safety Symposium by Linda

117

Page i of 43 DOD-DOE Workshop Summary and Action Plan: Fuel Cells in Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................14 Appendix A. DOD Energy Reduction Using Fuel CellsPage i of 43 #12;#12;Page i DOD-DOE Workshop Summary and Action Plan: Fuel Cells in Aviation Table ..........................................................................iv The Opportunity for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies in Aviation

118

Introduction In aviation, weather service is a combined effort of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

types of weather observations: surface, upper air, radar, and satellite. Surface Aviation Weather12-1 Introduction In aviation, weather service is a combined effort of the National Weather Service, and individuals. Because of the increasing need for worldwide weather services, foreign weather organizations also

119

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bendix Aviation Corp Pioneer Div - IA  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Bendix Aviation Corp Pioneer Div - Bendix Aviation Corp Pioneer Div - IA 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: BENDIX AVIATION CORP., PIONEER DIV. (IA.05 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Pioneer Division, Bendix Aviation Corporation Bendix Aviation Corporation Bendix Pioneer Division IA.05-1 IA.05-2 IA.05-3 Location: Davenport , Iowa IA.05-1 Evaluation Year: 1990 IA.05-2 IA.05-4 Site Operations: Conducted studies to investigate the feasibility of using sonic cleaning equipment to decontaminate uranium contaminated drums. IA.05-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on limited operations at the site IA.05-2 IA.05-4 IA.05-5 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium IA.05-1

120

Report of the DOE-DOE Workshop on Fuel Cells in Aviation: Workshop Summary and Action Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i of 43 i of 43 Page i DOD-DOE Workshop Summary and Action Plan: Fuel Cells in Aviation Table of Contents Executive Summary .............................................................................................................................................iii Drivers for Leaner, Cleaner Energy Use in Aviation .......................................................................... iv The Opportunity for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies in Aviation ............................................. v Potential Impacts ................................................................................................................................. vi Barriers and Challenges ...................................................................................................................... vii

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Laser in situ keratomileusis in United States Naval aviators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To evaluate the safety and efficacy of femtosecond-assisted wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) as well as higher-order aberrometric changes in a population of active-duty United States Naval aviators. Setting Navy Refractive Surgery Centers, San Diego, California, and Portsmouth, Virginia, USA. Design Prospective noncomparative 2-site study. Methods In this study of femtosecond-assisted wavefront-guided LASIK, 3 groups were differentiated according to the refractive status: myopia, mixed astigmatism, and hyperopia. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities, refraction, mesopic low-contrast CDVA, higher-order aberrations (HOAs), and patient satisfaction were evaluated during a 3-month follow-up. Results The study enrolled, treated, and included for analysis 548 eyes with myopia, 60 eyes with mixed astigmatism, and 25 eyes with hyperopia. The UDVA was 20/20 or better in 98.3% of eyes with myopia and mixed astigmatism at all postoperative visits and in 95.7% of hyperopic eyes 3months postoperatively. The gain in CDVA was 1 or more lines in 39.2%, 41.1%, and 30.4% of myopic, mixed astigmatic and hyperopic eyes, respectively. Loss of 2 lines of CDVA after surgery occurred in 2 myopic eyes (0.4%). At 3 months, a mean change of +0.03 ?m 0.10(SD) and +0.05 0.08 ?m was observed in higher-order root mean square and primary spherical aberration, respectively. Of the patients, 95.9% said they believed that LASIK had helped their effectiveness as Naval aviators and 99.6% would recommend the same treatment to others. Conclusion Femtosecond-assisted wavefront-guided LASIK was an efficacious and safe option for refractive correction in Naval aviators, enabling a quick return to flight status. Financial Disclosure Drs. Tanzer and Schallhorn are consultants to Abbott Medical Optics, Inc. Noauthor has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

David J. Tanzer; Tyson Brunstetter; Richard Zeber; Elizabeth Hofmeister; Sandor Kaupp; Neil Kelly; Myah Mirzaoff; William Sray; Mitch Brown; Steven Schallhorn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Glen F. Wattman Director, Office of Aviation Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glen F. Wattman Glen F. Wattman Director, Office of Aviation Management A native of New York, Glen Wattman has served as a civilian Airline Pilot for more than thirteen years flying Boeing 757, 767 and 727 transport category aircraft. He has extensive experience operating flights domestically and throughout Central and South America and Europe. Mr. Wattman is currently a Major in the United States Air Force Reserve and serves as a subject matter expert as a liaison to the Florida Wing of the Civil Air Patrol. Mr. Wattman has expertise in all aspects of the CAP mission to include Disaster Relief, Search and Rescue, Civil Defense, Homeland Security, Drug Interdiction, and Aerospace Education. Prior to becoming an Airline Pilot, Mr. Wattman served as an Air Force Officer, Detachment Commander, Fighter Pilot, and

123

Life-cycle analysis of alternative aviation fuels in GREET  

SciTech Connect

The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, has been expanded to include well-to-wake (WTWa) analysis of aviation fuels and aircraft. This report documents the key WTWa stages and assumptions for fuels that represent alternatives to petroleum jet fuel. The aviation module in GREET consists of three spreadsheets that present detailed characterizations of well-to-pump and pump-to-wake parameters and WTWa results. By using the expanded GREET version (GREET1{_}2011), we estimate WTWa results for energy use (total, fossil, and petroleum energy) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) for (1) each unit of energy (lower heating value) consumed by the aircraft or (2) each unit of distance traveled/ payload carried by the aircraft. The fuel pathways considered in this analysis include petroleum-based jet fuel from conventional and unconventional sources (i.e., oil sands); Fisher-Tropsch (FT) jet fuel from natural gas, coal, and biomass; bio-jet fuel from fast pyrolysis of cellulosic biomass; and bio-jet fuel from vegetable and algal oils, which falls under the American Society for Testing and Materials category of hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids. For aircraft operation, we considered six passenger aircraft classes and four freight aircraft classes in this analysis. Our analysis revealed that, depending on the feedstock source, the fuel conversion technology, and the allocation or displacement credit methodology applied to co-products, alternative bio-jet fuel pathways have the potential to reduce life-cycle GHG emissions by 55-85 percent compared with conventional (petroleum-based) jet fuel. Although producing FT jet fuel from fossil feedstock sources - such as natural gas and coal - could greatly reduce dependence on crude oil, production from such sources (especially coal) produces greater WTWa GHG emissions compared with petroleum jet fuel production unless carbon management practices, such as carbon capture and storage, are used.

Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Carter, N.; Stratton, R.; Hileman, J.; Malwitz, A.; Balasubramanian, S. (Energy Systems)

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

124

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- North American Aviation Inc - CA 07  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. (CA.07) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: None Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Downey , California CA.07-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.07-1 Site Operations: Research and development on a bench scale using a small reactor; work done during the early 1950s. CA.07-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited scope of operations CA.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.07-3 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. CA.07-1 - Memorandum/Checklist; Young to the File; Subject:

125

The impacts of aviation emissions on human health through changes in air quality and UV irradiance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World-wide demand for air transportation is rising steadily. The air transportation network may be limited by aviation's growing environmental impacts. These impacts take the form of climate impacts, noise impacts, and ...

Brunelle-Yeung, Elza

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

127

Assessing environmental benefits and economic costs of aviation environmental policy measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the recent global economic downturn, longer term growth is anticipated for aviation with an increasing environmental impact, specifically in the areas of noise, air quality, and climate change. To ensure sustainable ...

Mahashabde, Anuja (Anuja Anil)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Chapter 27 - Sustainable Aviation Biofuels: A Development and Deployment Success Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter focuses on two aspects of aviation biofuels. It seeks to both inform of the unique fuel characteristics and to explain the process by which success came to pass. The first focus is the technology and process developments that have been successful in qualifying biofuels for safe and environmentally favorable operation in jet aircraft, which is the first aspect and a needed perquisite to enable acceptance and successful deployment. The second and as important focus for sustainable Aviation biofuels is the processes that are being put in place to enable deployment. Sustainable biofuels for aviation, should of course, be viewed as a work in progress. New developments are occurring on a regular basis as we move forward and through the twists and turns needed for large-scale usage. That said, sustainable, renewable sources to replace nonrenewable liquid fuels will ultimately be critical to the long-term viability of aviation.

Richard Altman

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation-based team training Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

training for surgeons Summary: of aviation-based teamwork training on the attitudes of health-care professionals. J Am Coll Surg 199... team members do not all have the same...

130

The relation of octane number, compression ratio, and exhaust temperature in the gasoline engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE RELATION OF OCTANE NUMHER& COMPRESSION RATIO& AND EXHAUST TEMPERATURE IN THE GASOLINE ENGINE A Tbeaie Donald George Jentsch THE RELATION OF OCTANE NUMBER, COMHKSSION RATIO, EXHAUST TEMPERATURE IN THE GASOLINE ENGINE By Donald George... throttle settings) a. Table VI - Aviation Gasolines 22 26 b. Table VI (a) ? Automotive Gasolines . . . 33 2. Spark set for maximum power at full throttle (Speed 2000 RPH at various throttle settings) a. Table VII ? Aviation Gasolines . . . . . 34 b...

Jentsch, Donald George

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

Implementation Guide - Aviation Management, Operations, Maintenance, Security, and Safety for Use with DOE O 440.2B Chg 1, Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Guide provides detailed information to help all personnel, responsible for a part of the aviation program, understand and comply with the rules and regulations applicable to their assignments. Cancels DOE G 440.2B-2. Canceled by DOE N 251.110.

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

132

Towards greener aviation : a comparative study on the substitution of standard jet fuel with algal based second generation biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The negative environmental impact of the aviation industry, related mainly to the gaseous emissions from turbine exhausts, is increasing with the increased demand on travel. (more)

Haddad, Mona Abdul Majid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

99.6 99.6 92.9 52.3 52.2 67.4 56.6 February ............................. 99.8 93.2 52.2 52.0 62.8 55.2 March .................................. 99.0 93.1 50.5 50.1 59.4 52.8 April .................................... 101.3 96.6 52.8 52.6 56.1 56.0 May ..................................... 105.8 102.2 55.0 54.7 51.7 57.7 June .................................... 106.4 101.6 53.2 53.1 54.9 53.2 July ..................................... 101.8 100.1 51.9 51.3 51.3 52.3 August ................................ 99.2 98.9 53.4 53.1 53.3 54.9 September .......................... 101.3 98.7 55.7 55.2 57.3 58.0 October ............................... 96.8 96.3 54.9 54.1 56.5 57.0 November ........................... 95.4 94.2 57.0 56.3 62.8 60.5 December ........................... 96.0 95.3 59.2 58.6

134

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

01.2 01.2 94.7 61.3 60.3 71.8 65.8 February ............................. 100.6 96.5 56.9 57.3 73.4 65.7 March .................................. 105.0 100.6 59.0 59.6 69.0 68.0 April .................................... 111.4 107.5 66.0 65.3 80.5 75.1 May ..................................... 114.4 110.0 63.3 62.2 68.4 66.1 June .................................... 113.5 107.0 57.7 57.5 58.5 59.8 July ..................................... 113.7 105.3 60.3 59.6 64.6 61.7 August ................................ 114.4 107.1 65.1 64.5 69.5 66.6 September .......................... 114.3 106.8 71.8 71.6 76.4 75.6 October ............................... 115.0 107.1 73.6 73.6 87.1 80.7 November ........................... 115.1 108.4 71.7 72.2 88.7 79.7 December ........................... 115.3

135

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

64.9 63.8 79.2 64.7 November ... 116.4 108.1 68.2 66.5 84.8 72.8 December ... 119.6 110.2 73.3 72.1 89.1 76.5 1999 Average...

136

Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 Oct-14 View History U.S. W W W W W W 1983-2014 East Coast (PADD 1) W W W W W W 1983-2014 New England (PADD 1A) W W W W W - 1983-2014 Connecticut...

137

U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type: Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales Type: Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Aviation Gasoline 93.3 8.2 10.0 12.0 10.9 11.4 1983-2013 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel 32,893.1 32,452.7 33,281.4 32,532.8 29,876.9 29,004.1 1983-2013 Propane (Consumer Grade) 6,321.3 6,161.4 5,990.4 6,377.7 6,892.8 3,264.5 1983-2013 Kerosene 3.5 2.4 3.6 2.2 3.6 8.8 1983-2013 No. 1 Distillate 45.2 31.9 36.3 32.5 44.6 103.0 1983-2013 No. 2 Distillate 11,266.8 11,311.6 11,647.9 11,375.1 11,192.1 12,138.1 1983-2013 No. 2 Diesel Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013

138

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS (LCAs) OF PYROLYSIS-BASED GASOLINE AND DIESEL FROM DIFFERENT REGIONAL FEEDSTOCKS: CORN STOVER, SWITCHGRASS, SUGAR CANE BAGASSE, WASTE WOOD, GUINEA GRASS, ALGAE, AND ALBIZIA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Renewable hydrocarbon biofuels are being investigated as possible alternatives to conventional liquid transportation fossil fuels like gasoline, kerosene (aviation fuel), and diesel. A diverse (more)

Mihalek, Matthew J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Towards a global scheme for carbon emissions reduction in aviation: Chinas role in blocking the extension of the European Unions Emissions Trading Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2008, the European Union (EU) decided to include aviation in its Emissions Trading System (ETS) in order to realize...

Armin Ibitz

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Preliminary assessment report for Virginia Army National Guard Army Aviation Support Facility, Richmond International Airport, Installation 51230, Sandston, Virginia  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Virginia Army National Guard (VaARNG) property in Sandston, Virginia. The Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF) is contiguous with the Richmond International Airport. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The PA is designed to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. The AASF, originally constructed as an active Air Force interceptor base, provides maintenance support for VaARNG aircraft. Hazardous materials used and stored at the facility include JP-4 jet fuel, diesel fuel, gasoline, liquid propane gas, heating oil, and motor oil.

Dennis, C.B.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

"Carbon emission offsets for aviation-generated emissions due to international travel to and from New Zealand" revised personal version of paper to appear in Energy Policy (in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Carbon emission offsets for aviation-generated emissions due to international travel to and from.1016/j.enpol.2008.10.046 1 CARBON EMISSION OFFSETS FOR AVIATION-GENERATED EMISSIONS DUE TO INTERNATIONAL. It is then shown that no single #12;"Carbon emission offsets for aviation-generated emissions due to international

Otago, University of

142

European Aviation Safety Agency announces acceptance of NCAMP material certification process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developed through the FAA process described in Federal Aviation Administration Memorandum AIR100-2010 as certification data. NCAMP works with the FAA and industry partners to qualify material systems and populate 8552 Newport NCT4708 Cytec MTM45-1 Tencate TC250 (available Mar 2014) Cytec 5320-1 (available Aug

143

DATA FUSION ENABLES BETTER RECOGNITION OF CEILING AND VISIBILITY HAZARDS IN AVIATION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low cloud ceilings and poor visibility claim the lives of more general aviation (GA) pilots and passengers than any other cause of weather-related GA accidents. Experience shows that instrument-rated pilots as well as those rated only for visual ...

Paul Herzegh; Gerry Wiener; Richard Bateman; James Cowie; Jennifer Black

144

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Propulsion Alternative Fuels and Power Notes MarineMarine diesel oil (MDO), Liquefied natural gas (LNG), Wind power (sails) Aviation Airframe Design and PropulsionMarine Transportation (Based on Authors Calculations Using Multiple Sources, see Text and Table 4) Operations Aircraft/Ship and Propulsion

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Novel Nanoscale Catalysts and Desulfurizers for Aviation Fuels Martin Duran* and Abdul-Majeed Azad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reforming catalysts for jet fuel", The Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium of the Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition, May 23Novel Nanoscale Catalysts and Desulfurizers for Aviation Fuels Martin Duran* and Abdul-Majeed Azad) to hydrogen through steam reforming poses a challenge since these fuels contain sulfur up to about 1000 ppm

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

146

U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Aviation Gasoline 413.1 602.6 593.2 547.1 431.5 432.6 1983-2013 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel 26,119.1 27,197.0 28,168.9 27,226.7 25,645.0 27,379.5 1983-2013 Propane (Consumer Grade) 26,164.7 24,627.2 25,506.9 30,382.5 31,250.8 38,981.9 1983-2013 Kerosene 1,302.3 897.9 1,049.8 1,199.7 1,224.4 1,318.9 1983-2013 No. 1 Distillate 197.2 124.8 141.7 228.9 336.0 947.3 1983-2013 No. 2 Distillate 148,472.9 149,527.5 153,402.1 152,957.9 149,298.1 160,704.2 1983-2013 No. 2 Diesel Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Ultra Low-Sulfur 140,589.9 143,645.5 145,899.9 142,352.7 139,922.9 151,092.7 2007-2013 Low-Sulfur 1,976.7 1,020.9 2,521.9 2,944.3 2,205.9 3,904.5 1994-2013 High-Sulfur

147

The Management of Political Risk in the Overseas Mergers and Acquisitions of General Aviation Aircraft Company Limited of China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, at the background of the General Aviation Aircraft Co., Ltd. of China (GAAC) mergers successfully the Cirrus Corporation of American (CCA), by analyzing political risks which existing in the overse...

Xi-yu Han; Wei-li Xia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Uncertainty analysis of an aviation climate model and an aircraft price model for assessment of environmental effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating, presenting, and assessing uncertainties are important parts in assessment of a complex system. This thesis focuses on the assessment of uncertainty in the price module and the climate module in the Aviation ...

Jun, Mina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

DOE/Boeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology at Sandia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boeing Sponsored Projects in Boeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology at Sandia Lennie Klebanoff and Joe Pratt Sandia National Laboratories Livermore CA 94551 September 30, 2010 "Exceptional Service in the National Interest" DOE-DOD Workshop on Uses of Fuel Cells in Aviation * ~ 8,300 employees * ~ 1,500 PhDs; ~2800 MS/MA * ~ 700 on-site contractors Sandia National Laboratories Sandia is a government-owned/contractor operated (GOCO) facility. Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, manages Sandia for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration. Website: www.sandia.gov Annual Budget ~ $2.2 Billion ($1.3 Billion DOE, $0.9 Billion work for others) 3 Origin: Boeing Interested in Bringing Fuel Cell Technology to Ground Support Equipment (GSE)

150

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Aviation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Aviation Corp - NJ 30 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Eclipse-Pioneer Div. of Bendix Aviation Corp. (NJ.30 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Allied Bendix Aerospace Corporation Sumitomo Machinery Corporation of America Metpath Incorporated NJ.30-7 Location: Teterboro , New Jersey NJ.30-4 Evaluation Year: Circa 1989 NJ.30-1 NJ.30-2 NJ.30-3 NJ.30-5 Site Operations: Plant #4 built by U.S. Navy on contractor property to cast magnesium-thorium alloy aircraft parts during WWII. Foundry operated till about 1966. Manufactured electronic components for MED 1940s-1950s. Operated under NRC license - closed out 22 October 1981. Property released for unrestricted use. NJ.30-6

151

Fuel additives: Excluding aviation fuels. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compositions, applications and performance of additives in fuels. Evaluations and environmental testing of additives in automotive, diesel, and boiler fuels are discussed. Additive effects on air pollution control, combustion stability, fuel economy and fuel storage are presented. Aviation fuel additives are covered in a separate bibliography. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Fuel additives: Excluding aviation fuels. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compositions, applications and performance of additives in fuels. Evaluations and environmental testing of additives in automotive, diesel, and boiler fuels are discussed. Additive effects on air pollution control, combustion stability, fuel economy and fuel storage are presented. Aviation fuel additives are covered in a separate bibliography. (Contains a minimum of 231 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Composition-explicit distillation curves of aviation fuel JP-8 and a coal-based jet fuel  

SciTech Connect

We have recently introduced several important improvements in the measurement of distillation curves for complex fluids. The modifications to the classical measurement provide for (1) a composition explicit data channel for each distillate fraction (for both qualitative and quantitative analysis); (2) temperature measurements that are true thermodynamic state points; (3) temperature, volume, and pressure measurements of low uncertainty suitable for an equation of state development; (4) consistency with a century of historical data; (5) an assessment of the energy content of each distillate fraction; (6) a trace chemical analysis of each distillate fraction; and (7) a corrosivity assessment of each distillate fraction. The most significant modification is achieved with a new sampling approach that allows precise qualitative as well as quantitative analyses of each fraction, on the fly. We have applied the new method to the measurement of rocket propellant, gasoline, and jet fuels. In this paper, we present the application of the technique to representative batches of the military aviation fuel JP-8, and also to a coal-derived fuel developed as a potential substitute. We present not only the distillation curves but also a chemical characterization of each fraction and discuss the contrasts between the two fluids. 26 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Beverly L. Smith; Thomas J. Bruno [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO (United States). Physical and Chemical Properties Division

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Sustainable bio kerosene: Process routes and industrial demonstration activities in aviation biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Alternative fuels are expected to play a major role in EU in the coming years due European Directives on the promotion of renewable energies and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in transports. However, while in road transports a variety of possible renewable fuels (mainly biofuels, but also electricity) can be considered, in aviation only high quality paraffinic biofuels can be adopted. This means that biomass must be converted through advanced processes into pure hydrocarbon fuels, fully compatible with the existing systems. The aviation sector is responsible for the 2% of the world anthropogenic CO2 emissions and the 10% of the fuel consumption: airlines costs for fuel reach 30% of operating costs. In addition, the aviation traffic is expected to double within 15years from 2012, while fuel consumption and CO2 emissions should double in 25years. Thus, more than 2 billion people and 40 Mt of good/cargo will have to be moved every year. In this context, the EU Flightpath set a target of 2Mt per year for aviation alternative fuel by 2020 (i.e. 4% of annual fuel consumption). New processes towards bio-hydrocarbons are being developed, demonstrated and soon industrialized. The present work explores the possible routes from biomass feedstock to sustainable paraffinic fuels, either through bio or thermo-chemical processes, as well as discusses those more mature, focusing on industrial demonstration initiatives. In fact, while the number of possible options towards paraffinic biofuel production is very large, and covers both thermochemical and biochemical routes, as well as hybrid one, only two pathways are today ready for testing a significant large scale: these are FT and Hydrotreating. Major industrial activities and testing experiences are thus reported in the present work. In this context, the ITAKA group is developing a full value-chain in Europe to produce sustainable drop-in Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (SPK) called HEFA in an economically, socially and environmentally sound manner, at large scale enough to allow testing its use in existing logistic systems and in normal flight operations in Europe. The generated knowledge will aim to identify and address barriers to innovation. Within ITAKA, possible pre-processing of used (waste) cooking oil (UCO) to make it compatible with current downstream hydroprocessing techniques are being investigated: this can includes esterification of waste oils, as well as catalytic thermal processing, which will be carried out in a pilot unit available at RE-CORD/CREAR. First samples of feedstock oils were collected and characterized, for further investigation towards their conversion into biokerosene through hydrotreatment.

David Chiaramonti; Matteo Prussi; Marco Buffi; Daniela Tacconi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

156

DOE-STD-1165-2003; Aviation Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5-2003 5-2003 September 2003 DOE STANDARD AVIATION MANAGER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1165-2003 ii This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000.

157

DOE-STD-1164-2003; Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-2003 4-2003 September 2003 DOE STANDARD AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA-TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1164-2003 This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000.

158

A new glide path: re-architecting the Flight School XXI Enterprise at the U.S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis utilizes eight Enterprise Architecture views to analyze the U.S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence's Flight School XXI Enterprise and provides recommendations to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of ...

Enos, James R. (James Robert)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

ARRA FEMP Technical Assistance -- Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 -- Control Tower and Support Building, Palm Springs, CA  

SciTech Connect

This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 100% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be built in Palm Springs, California by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Aviation fuel synthesis by catalytic conversion of biomass hydrolysate in aqueous phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a new route for biomass derived aviation fuel synthesis by catalytic conversion in aqueous phase. Furfural with the yield of 71% was produced by acid hydrolysis of raw corncob, and hydrogenated to 2-methylfuran with obtaining the yield of 89% over Raney Ni catalyst, both of which were implemented under mild reaction conditions. The hydroxyalkylation/alkylation condensation of 2-methylfuran and furfural to C15 intermediate was conducted by using organic and inorganic acid as the catalyst under the reaction condition of 328K and atmospheric pressure. The maximal 95% of the C15 intermediate was gained when using sulfuric acid as the catalyst. 83% of liquid alkanes (C8C15) yield and more than 90% of C14/C15 selectivity were produced by hydrodeoxygenation of the C15 intermediate over 10wt%Ni/ZrO2SiO2 catalyst. During the hydrodeoxygenation process, the catalyst showed excellent stability depended on the 110h of time-on-stream test, due to its significantly decreased carbon deposition.

Tiejun Wang; Kai Li; Qiying Liu; Qing Zhang; Songbai Qiu; Jinxing Long; Lungang Chen; Longlong Ma; Qi Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Emergence of green business models: The case of algae biofuel for aviation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Emergent business models seek to take advantage of new market mechanisms driven by technological changes, particularly those related to the production and delivery of clean or sustainable energy. Such business models often function at the intersection of various industries, with global views, and the resulting systems have distinct social, political, environmental, economic, technological, and business dimensions. Such holistic systems are not only difficult to develop but also require support from a broad range of actors with effective regulations and policies in place, such that the firm functions within a framework that integrates various factors. This study substantiates such a framework by detailing the nascent algae-based bio-fuel industry that caters to the aviation sector while arguing that businesses in the energy industry can emerge as a next-practice platform that drive a sixth wave of innovation. The framework begins with three basic enablers, innovation, flexibility, and sustainability, and explains how value from renewable energy technologies can be created and captured sustainably and innovatively with new market mechanisms implemented by firms with green business models.

Sujith Nair; Hanna Paulose

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

,"U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm"

163

,"U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.htm"

164

Lead Emissions from the Use of Leaded Aviation Gasoline in the...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

CALEDONIA COUNTY 5 0.006 30011 97M MT CARTER EKALAKA 5 0.006 30033 JDN MT GARFIELD JORDAN 5 0.006 51135 BKT VA NOTTOWAY ALLEN C PERKINSONBAAF 5 0.006 13127 09J GA GLYNN JEKYLL...

165

Gas Chromatographic Determination of Aviation Gasoline and JP-4 Jet Fuel in Subsurface Core Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......capillary column gas chromatography...subsurface material. Water samples from...have a higher water solubility than the other...aroma- tics in water and solid wastes...jars inside a nitrogen atmosphere glovebox...subsequent analysis. Gas chromatography......

Steve A. Vandegrift; Don H. Kampbell

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Protozoa in Subsurface Sediments from Sites Contaminated with Aviation Gasoline or Jet Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...9) reported large numbers of protozoa...description, borehole designation, and date of drilling for boreholes...At the time of drilling, soil gas measurements...fuel plume. Large protozoan populations...greater depths than borehole 50CA in the jet...

James L. Sinclair; Don H. Kampbell; Mike L. Cook; John T. Wilson

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

EA-2000: Proposed Land Transfer to Develop a General Aviation Airport at the East Tennessee Technology Park Heritage Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE is preparing an EA to assess potential environmental impacts of the proposed land transfer to the Metropolitan Knoxville Airport Authority for the development of a general aviation airport at the East Tennessee Technology Park Heritage Center, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download No downloads found for this office.

168

System-of-systems iso-performance search to inform multi-actor policymaking to reduce aviation life cycle carbon emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a system-of-systems formalism for modeling and analyzing multi-actor policymaking to achieve a global system objective. In contrast to a single optimal solution that aggregates objectives of actors, the concept of iso-performance ... Keywords: aviation life cycle emissions, iso-performance, multi-actor policymaking, system-of-systems

Datu B. Agusdinata; Daniel A. DeLaurentis

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 Control Tower and Support Building Oakland, CA  

SciTech Connect

This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 70% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be build at Oakland, California by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specification that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 - Control Tower and Support Building, Las Vegas, NV  

SciTech Connect

This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 70% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be built in Las Vegas, Nevada by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specification that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

171

Preliminary assessment report for Army Aviation Support Facility 2, Installation 25075, Westover Air Force Base, Chicopee, Massachusetts. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Massachusetts Army National Guard (MAARNG) property known as the Army Aviation Support Facility 2 (AASF 2) near Chicopee, Massachusetts. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. The AASF 2 is a 10-acre site located in the western portion of Massachusetts, in the town of Chicopee, in the county of Hampden. The facilities included in this PA are Building 7400, adjacent paved areas, grassy areas, and the hazardous waste drum storage buildings. The environmentally significant operations (ESOS) associated with the property are (1) the waste drum storage area, (2) abandoned underground storage tanks (USTs), and (3) refueling activities.

Haffenden, R.; Flaim, S.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Less Than 0.31 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel 0.31 to 1.00 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel Greater Than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Special Naphthas Lubricants Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

173

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 Control Tower and Support Building, Reno, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Redhorse Corporation (Redhorse) conducted an energy audit on the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) control tower and base building in Reno, Nevada. This report presents the findings of the energy audit team that evaluated construction documents and operating specifications (at the 100% level) and completed a site visit. The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

iquid fuel--such as gasoline, diesel, aviation fuel, and ethanol--will continue to be important for pow-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

several distinct yet interrelated subsys- tems. Two of these subsystems are biomass feedstock produc- tion for Biomass Feedstock Production" is one of the programs in the feedstock development area. Holistic approach to feedstock production The biomass feedstock production (BFP) subsystem, within the bio-based energy system

Gilbert, Matthew

175

The evaluation of a coal-derived liquid as a feedstock for the production of high-density aviation turbine fuel  

SciTech Connect

The conversion of coal-derived liquids to transportation fuels has been the subject of many studies sponsored by the US Department of Energy and the US Department of Defense. For the most part, these studies evaluated conventional petroleum processes for the production of specification-grade fuels. Recently, however, the interest of these two departments expanded to include the evaluation of alternate fossil fuels as a feedstock for the production of high-density aviation turbine fuel. In this study, we evaluated five processes for their ability to produce intermediates from a coal-derived liquid for the production of high-density turbine fuel. These processes include acid-base extraction to reduce the heteroatom content of the middle distillate and the atmospheric and vacuum gas oils, solvent dewaxing to reduce the paraffin (alkane) content of the atmospheric and vacuum gas oils, Attapulgus clay treatment to reduce the heteroatom content of the middle distillate, coking to reduce the distillate range of the vacuum gas oil, and hydrogenation to remove heteroatoms and to saturate aromatic rings in the middle distillate and atmospheric gas oil. The chemical and physical properties that the US Air Force considers critical for the development of high-denisty aviation turbine fuel are specific gravity and net heat of combustion. The target minimum values for these properties are a specific gravity of at least 0.85 and a net heat of combustion of at least 130,000 Btu/gal. In addition, the minimum hydrogen content is 13.0 wt %, the maximum freeze point is {minus}53{degrees}F ({minus}47{degrees}C), the maximum amount of aromatics is about 25 to 30 vol %, and the maximum amount of paraffins is 10 vol %. 13 refs., 20 tabs.

Thomas, K.P.; Hunter, D.E.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Fractionation of reformate: A new variant of gasoline production technology  

SciTech Connect

The Novo-Ufa Petroleum Refinery is the largest domestic producer of the unique high-octane unleaded automotive gasolines AI-93 and AI-95 and the aviation gasolines B-91/115 and B-92. The base component for these gasolines is obtained by catalytic reforming of wide-cut naphtha; this basic component is usually blended with certain other components that are expensive and in short supply: toluene, xylenes, and alkylate. For example, the unleaded gasoline AI-93 has been prepared by blending reformate, alkylate, and toluene in a 65:20:15 weight ratio; AI-95 gasoline by blending alkylate and xylenes in an 80:20 weight ratio; and B-91/115 gasoline by compounding a reformate obtained with light straight-run feed, plus alkylate and toluene, in a 55:35:10 weight ratio. Toluene and xylenes have been obtained by process schemes that include the following consecutive processes: redistillation of straight-run naphtha cuts to segregate the required narrow fraction; catalytic reforming (Platforming) of the narrow toluene-xylene straight-run fraction; azeotropic distillation of the reformate to recover toluene and xylenes. A new technology based on the use of reformate fractions is proposed.

Karakuts, V.N.; Tanatarov, M.A.; Telyashev, G.G. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Northwestern University Transportation Center Aviation Symposium: "The Future for Aviation"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and other governments have approved several Anti-Trust Immunity (ATI) agreements for Transatlantic travel #12;Joint Ventures Statistics 12 · Transatlantic capacity share 21% · Destinations ­ 117 Europe, 180 North America · 6 Major Hubs: DFW, JFK, LHR, MAD, MIA, ORD · Transatlantic capacity share 27

Bustamante, Fabián E.

178

Orientation and disorientation in aviation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This situation is exemplified by an accident to a helicopter on the approach at night to a North Sea oil platform [10...]. Conditions were calm, but the approach was complicated by fog in the vicinity of the plat...

John Richard Rollin Stott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

International Aviation Security Technology Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, US Dept. of Homeland Security, William J. Hughes Technical Center; Atlantic City, NJ, USA-wave Mach number as a function of distance from the explosion center. These data then yield a peak. Characterization of an explosive requires understanding of the energy released during detonation. Typically TNT

Settles, Gary S.

180

Aviation Combustion Toxicology: An Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nitrogen dioxide gases have also been reported...Formation of these gases is associated with...cyanide, sulfur, and nitrogen moieties. Smoke...vironment sample by gas chromatography...because of their high water solubility. There- fore......

Arvind K. Chaturvedi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Explosives Detection for Aviation Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...have been purchased; some have been tested at John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York (JFK); Miami International Air-port; Dulles International Airport in the Washington, D.C., area; and Gatwick Airport, near London. The...

ANTHONY FAINBERG

1992-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

182

Explosives Detection for Aviation Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...neutron beam may be scanned over the object as it moves past on a conveyor belt. This technique then yields a two-dimensional distribution...respond to specific tips or threats, and to examine suspicious parcels or vehicles. However, for some applications, dogs are not...

ANTHONY FAINBERG

1992-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

183

Poor show for aviation industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Soviet Union and China, there are only three practical suppliers of large civil aircraft (Boeing, McDonnell-Douglas and Airbus Industrie, the European consortium) and three manufacturers of large ... of its engines seems to have settled down at 1,000 million or thereabouts. (Boeing's past successes may owe something to its economical ways of working.) Even allowing ...

1984-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

184

Civil aviation faces green challenge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Last Sunday, Boeing rolled out its latest airliner, the 787. It boasts 20% improvements in fuel ... role in global warming, is scrambling to improve efficiency yet further. One place that Boeing and Airbus, which between them build all of the world's large civilian airliners, ...

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

185

Aviation Combustion Toxicology: An Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......in a radiant heat furnace. Rats...the produced combustion products in...in both the combustion tube and radiant heat systems proved...literature data for CO2, low...acrolein, and heat expo- sures...primary toxic combustion gases and are...structures. The hydrocarbon constituents......

Arvind K. Chaturvedi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Aviation Combustion Toxicology: An Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......relative toxicity of thermal decomposition products...Abbott. Elec- trical insulation fire characteristics...toxicity to rats of thermal de- composition products...operational performance specification for passenger protective...III. evaluation of thermal degradation prod- ucts......

Arvind K. Chaturvedi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Annual Energy Review 2011 - Released September 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oils, hydrogenoxygenatesrenewablesother hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production...

188

Annual Energy Review 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2002 125 a Unfinished oils, motor gasoline blending components, aviation gasoline blending components, and other...

189

Gasolin n  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gasolin n, Gasbenzin n ? natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-colo(u)red and of high API gravity (above 60), that are produced wit...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

natural gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-coloured and of high API gravity (above 6o), that are produced with wet gas] ? Gasbenzin n, Gasolin n ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Field demonstration of aviation turbine fuel MIL-T-83133C, grade JP-8 (NATO code F-34) at Fort Bliss, TX. Interim report 1 Feb 89-31 Jul 90  

SciTech Connect

A JP-8 fuel demonstration was initiated at Ft. Bliss, TX, to demonstrate the impact of using aviation turbine fuel MIL-T-83133C, grade JP-8 in all military diesel fuel-consuming ground vehicles and equipment. Three major organizations, one ordnance battalion and two activities with a total of 2807 vehicles/equipment (V/E), were identified as participants in the demonstration program, which is authorized to continue through 30 September 1991. No fuel storage tank or V/E fuel cells were drained and flushed prior to introduction of JP-8 fuel. This procedure resulted in a commingling of JP-8 fuel with existing diesel fuel. As of 31 July 1990 approximately 4,700,000 gallons of JP-8 fuel had been dispensed to user units at Ft. Bliss and at Ft. Irwin National Training Center (NTC) in California. Three areas of concern arose from the beginning of the program: (1) plugging of fuel filters, (2) loss of power, and (3) overheating. The use of JP-8 fuel did not cause or exacerbate any V/E fuel filter plugging. Where power loss was apparent, generally it was commensurate with the difference in heating values between JP-8 and diesel fuel. The V/E at Ft. Bliss operated satisfactorily with the JP-8 fuel with no alterations, mechanical or otherwise, having to be made to any engines or fuel systems. There were no major differences in fuel procurement costs, V/E fuel consumption, AOAP-directed oil changes, and fuel-wetted component replacements.

Butler, W.E.; Alvarez, R.A.; Yost, D.M.; Westbrook, S.R.; Buckingham, J.P.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

193

AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................... iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

194

FAQS Job Task Analyses- DOE Aviation Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

195

Explosive Detection in Aviation Applications Using CT  

SciTech Connect

CT scanners are deployed world-wide to detect explosives in checked and carry-on baggage. Though very similar to single- and dual-energy multi-slice CT scanners used today in medical imaging, some recently developed explosives detection scanners employ multiple sources and detector arrays to eliminate mechanical rotation of a gantry, photon counting detectors for spectral imaging, and limited number of views to reduce cost. For each bag scanned, the resulting reconstructed images are first processed by automated threat recognition algorithms to screen for explosives and other threats. Human operators review the images only when these automated algorithms report the presence of possible threats. The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has requirements for future scanners that include dealing with a larger number of threats, higher probability of detection, lower false alarm rates and lower operating costs. One tactic that DHS is pursuing to achieve these requirements is to augment the capabilities of the established security vendors with third-party algorithm developers. A third-party in this context refers to academics and companies other than the established vendors. DHS is particularly interested in exploring the model that has been used very successfully by the medical imaging industry, in which university researchers develop algorithms that are eventually deployed in commercial medical imaging equipment. The purpose of this paper is to discuss opportunities for third-parties to develop advanced reconstruction and threat detection algorithms.

Martz, H E; Crawford, C R

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

The National Plan for Aviation Human Factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effective verification and validation of complex and integrated human-machine systems depends on the selection of appropriate performance measures and on the adequacy of the measurement tools and procedures us...

Joseph Pitts; Phyllis Kayten

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

AVIATION MANAGER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

should be recognized by presentation of a certificate signed by the Secretary of Energy, and an appropriate memento. Group(s) should be recognized by presentation of a...

198

Thermochemical Conversion Proceeses to Aviation Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is a presentation from the November 27, 2012, Sustainable Alternative Fuels Cost Workshop given by John Holladay, PNNL

199

Aviation Safety Program Aircraft Aging & Durability Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Other Projects and Programs 8 2. Milestones & Metrics 10 2.1 10-Year Roadmap 10 2.2 Five Year Milestone for Characterization and Validation (1.5) 32 3.2 Level 2 ­ Discipline Level Capabilities 34 3.2.1 NDE / SHM Systems (2 Roadmap. 11 Figure 5. Representative development of capabilities for Detect Theme. 12 Figure 6

200

Transport impacts on atmosphere and climate: Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrogen, and lique?ed biomethane. Of these fuels, ethanolrates (Eiff et al. , 1992). Biomethane was judged unsuitable

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion Almost 2 dozen gasoline...

202

Gasoline vapor recovery  

SciTech Connect

In a gasoline distribution network wherein gasoline is drawn from a gasoline storage tank and pumped into individual vehicles and wherein the gasoline storage tank is refilled periodically from a gasoline tanker truck, a method of recovering liquid gasoline from gasoline vapor that collects in the headspace of the gasoline storage tank as the liquid gasoline is drawn therefrom, said method comprising the steps of: (a) providing a source of inert gas; (b) introducing inert gas into the gasoline storage tank as liquid gasoline is drawn therefrom so that liquid gasoline drawn from the tank is displaced by inert gas and gasoline vapor mixes with the inert gas in the headspace of the tank; (c) collecting the inert gas/gasoline vapor mixture from the headspace of the gasoline storage tank as the tank is refilled from a gasoline tanker truck; (d) cooling the inert gas/gasoline vapor mixture to a temperature sufficient to condense the gasoline vapor in the mixture to liquid gasoline but not sufficient to liquify the inert gas in the mixture; (e) separating the condensed liquid gasoline from the inert gas; and delivering the condensed liquid gasoline to a remote location for subsequent use.

Lievens, G.; Tiberi, T.P.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

203

Off-Highway Gasoline Consuption Estimation Models Used in the Federal Highway Administration Attribution Process: 2008 Updates  

SciTech Connect

This report is designed to document the analysis process and estimation models currently used by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to estimate the off-highway gasoline consumption and public sector fuel consumption. An overview of the entire FHWA attribution process is provided along with specifics related to the latest update (2008) on the Off-Highway Gasoline Use Model and the Public Use of Gasoline Model. The Off-Highway Gasoline Use Model is made up of five individual modules, one for each of the off-highway categories: agricultural, industrial and commercial, construction, aviation, and marine. This 2008 update of the off-highway models was the second major update (the first model update was conducted during 2002-2003) after they were originally developed in mid-1990. The agricultural model methodology, specifically, underwent a significant revision because of changes in data availability since 2003. Some revision to the model was necessary due to removal of certain data elements used in the original estimation method. The revised agricultural model also made use of some newly available information, published by the data source agency in recent years. The other model methodologies were not drastically changed, though many data elements were updated to improve the accuracy of these models. Note that components in the Public Use of Gasoline Model were not updated in 2008. A major challenge in updating estimation methods applied by the public-use model is that they would have to rely on significant new data collection efforts. In addition, due to resource limitation, several components of the models (both off-highway and public-us models) that utilized regression modeling approaches were not recalibrated under the 2008 study. An investigation of the Environmental Protection Agency's NONROAD2005 model was also carried out under the 2008 model update. Results generated from the NONROAD2005 model were analyzed, examined, and compared, to the extent that is possible on the overall totals, to the current FHWA estimates. Because NONROAD2005 model was designed for emission estimation purposes (i.e., not for measuring fuel consumption), it covers different equipment populations from those the FHWA models were based on. Thus, a direct comparison generally was not possible in most sectors. As a result, NONROAD2005 data were not used in the 2008 update of the FHWA off-highway models. The quality of fuel use estimates directly affect the data quality in many tables published in the Highway Statistics. Although updates have been made to the Off-Highway Gasoline Use Model and the Public Use Gasoline Model, some challenges remain due to aging model equations and discontinuation of data sources.

Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; Davis, Stacy Cagle [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

,"U.S. Total Refiner Petroleum Product Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NUSDPG","EMAEPPRLPWGNUSDPG","EMAEPPRHPWGNUSDPG" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Price by Refiners (Dollars per Gallon)","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Wholesale...

205

Energy Information Administration/Annual Energy Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and , February 2002, Table 3. d e l l Petroleum Supply Monthly Unfinished oils, motor gasoline blending components, aviation gasoline blending components, and other...

206

Word Pro - S5  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

per Day) 1 Unfinished oils, hydrogenoxygenatesrenewablesother hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant...

207

Annual Energy Review 2010 - Released October 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oils, hydrogenoxygenatesrenewablesother hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production (0.92),...

208

Annual Energy Review 2009 - Released August 2010  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

oils, hydrogenoxygenatesrenewablesother hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production (0.75),...

209

Word Pro - S5.lwp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

per Day) 1 Unfinished oils, hydrogenoxygenatesrenewablesother hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant...

210

With Mathematica Gasoline Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preprint 1 With Mathematica and J: Gasoline Inventory Simulation Cliff Reiter Computational for the number of gallons of gasoline sold by a station for a thousand weeks. The pattern involves demands with the delivery and storage of the gasoline and we desire not to run out of gasoline or exceed the station

Reiter, Clifford A.

211

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline (less Adj.) Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blenede w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Other Conventional Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil > 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Propane/Propylene Period: Weekly 4-Week Average

212

Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refiners Switch to Reformulated Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model Contents * Summary * Introduction o Table 1. Comparison of Simple Model and Complex Model RFG Per Gallon Requirements * Statutory, Individual Refinery, and Compliance Baselines o Table 2. Statutory Baseline Fuel Compositions * Simple Model * Complex Model o Table 3. Complex Model Variables * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * RFG Simple and Complex Model Spreadsheets * Areas Particpating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 , (Adobe

213

gasoline | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gasoline gasoline Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline plastics polymers Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon plastics_dma_results_san.xlsx (xlsx, 4.9 MiB)

214

Motor gasolines, summer 1979  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 2401 samples of motor gasoline, from service stations throughout the country, were collected and analyzed under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and the American Petroleum Institute. The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing areas and districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 88.6, 89.3, and 93.7 unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Synthetic zeolites and other microporous oxide molecular sieves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...molecular weight are gasoline, aviation jet...cracking (to make gasoline) (14), and...fraction, light straight-run naphtha, rich...reduction of lead in gasoline required increased...hydroisomerization of the light straight-run naphtha fraction mentioned...

John D. Sherman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

64.8 64.8 1,113.8 54,765.4 50,474.8 14,751.6 15,834.7 30,586.3 February ................................... 668.4 1,109.1 51,874.7 53,325.1 15,057.1 18,393.2 33,450.3 March ........................................ 769.5 1,087.5 53,941.3 38,432.9 12,043.4 16,348.0 28,391.3 April .......................................... 802.8 911.4 54,353.2 30,216.7 8,771.4 14,743.5 23,515.0 May ........................................... 973.7 1,080.8 55,284.8 27,798.1 7,705.6 15,130.0 22,835.6 June .......................................... 1,000.6 991.1 56,209.3 28,204.2 9,455.4 13,696.5 23,151.9 July ........................................... 1,063.8 1,300.5 56,468.8 27,811.1 10,786.1 12,367.3 23,153.4 August ...................................... 1,098.5 1,188.9 57,758.7 32,654.7 10,893.1 15,430.4

217

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

41.8 41.8 706.1 57,805.1 57,186.2 19,255.2 18,038.2 37,293.4 February ................................... 603.8 735.2 58,810.1 55,734.5 14,352.8 19,882.7 34,235.5 March ........................................ 693.1 675.6 59,143.7 40,326.8 13,589.5 18,472.2 32,061.7 April .......................................... 816.1 567.3 60,408.7 33,387.8 9,591.6 17,777.5 27,369.1 May ........................................... 925.8 799.7 60,325.7 26,854.4 7,093.1 16,017.5 23,110.5 June .......................................... 950.1 877.4 61,257.3 26,771.1 8,852.7 17,544.1 26,396.8 July ........................................... 1,030.3 884.1 61,401.8 28,838.3 7,254.9 19,950.4 27,205.4 August ...................................... 1,059.8 881.6 61,710.5 34,944.4 7,342.1 20,393.7 27,735.8 September

218

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71.7 71.7 588.5 56,673.6 54,346.7 12,106.5 21,030.6 33,137.1 February ................................... 834.8 890.3 57,750.3 47,277.7 10,579.0 22,424.4 33,003.4 March ........................................ 731.6 757.0 58,791.1 34,964.0 7,414.9 20,425.4 27,840.2 April .......................................... 766.9 730.9 60,322.2 31,714.4 6,811.5 18,166.1 24,977.7 May ........................................... 897.1 789.7 59,572.1 28,454.2 6,772.5 17,383.9 24,156.5 June .......................................... 940.7 714.1 62,704.7 27,177.7 6,415.2 18,715.9 25,131.1 July ........................................... 1,088.6 710.3 62,496.7 28,647.8 7,508.6 19,724.2 27,232.8 August ...................................... 1,028.5 837.4 62,747.5 31,743.2 8,180.1 18,800.6 26,980.7 September

219

Automated safety and training avionics for general aviation aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also drives a rule-based Pilot Advisor for generation of alarms and piloting advice. The pilot communicates with ASTRA through the Head-Down Display (HDD), which is configured similarly to the Multi-Function Displays found in many "glass cockpit...

Trang, Jeffrey Alan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

145.8 461.3 48,876.2 13,893.0 268.5 3,966.8 391.5 3,072.0 3,773.6 35,832.0 December ... 138.2 466.6 49,701.7 14,199.8 342.2 4,861.0 599.8 3,200.2...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 64.5 101.3 12,742.5 2,029.5 190.8 2,042.2 12.7 38.0 91.2 4,874.9 December ... 57.1 89.7 13,275.8 2,017.6 210.4 2,595.6 26.2 58.1 112.5...

222

The engineering options for mitigating the climate impacts of aviation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...areas of daily life. Another factor...and the service life is long. Modest...impacts. For the remaining mechanisms...combustor to the turbine (figure 1...the mixing of gases before exhaust...hydrogen on aero gas turbine pollutant emissions...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

AviationWeek.com/awst Airlines to WAtch in 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and imple- ment innovative manufacturing pro- cesses--such as additive manufactur- ing--have referred A as much opportunity for small manufacturers with no access to cut- ting-edge R&D tools- tion of open-source materials research, plus a state-of-the-art Manufacturing Demonstration Facility

Pennycook, Steve

224

Modeling aviation's global emissions, uncertainty analysis, and applications to policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) fuel burn results below 3000 ft. For emissions, the emissions indices were the most influential uncertainties for the variance in model outputs. By employing the model, this thesis examined three policy options for ...

Lee, Joosung Joseph, 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A comparative analysis of area navigation systems for general aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the next decade area navigation is to become the primary method of air navigation within the United States. There are numerous radio navigation systems that offer the capabilities of area navigation to general ...

Dodge, Steven Malcolm

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.pewclimate.org...

227

Aviation Best Safety First RSL's Aerial Measuring Systems program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lory Jones. Submit articles or ideas to: onevoice@nv.doe.gov Publication Management: NSTec Public Affairs and Community Relations and Workforce Enhancement & Communications...

228

The engineering options for mitigating the climate impacts of aviation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the coming years, including the vision of an ultra green air transport system...characteristic change possible gains turbine entry temperature increase with OPR...Effects of using hydrogen on aero gas turbine pollutant emissions, performance...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

FAQS Job Task Analyses- DOE Aviation Safety Officer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

230

Intelligent terrain avoidance agent for General Aviation Free Flight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the pilot handle this responsibility, a hierarchical agent system is under development. This system will take information from traffic, weather, and terrain to determine a safe and efficient flight path. The terrain agent in this system must avoid Controlled...

Gesting, Paul

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

231

Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??? [Titanium Alloy 3D Printing2012 First Prize InventionLaunch Worlds First Use of 3D Printing Technology in New-3 Titanium Alloy 3D Printing2012 First Prize Invention in

ANDERSON, Eric

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Potential of Turboprops to Reduce Aviation Fuel Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and adoption, is challenged by fuel price uncertainty.Fuel price uncertainty is due fuel and energy priceplanning under such fuel price uncertainty and environmental

Smirti, Megan; Hansen, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Authenticating Aviation Augmentation System Sherman C. Lo, Stanford University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the national airspace (NAS). Assessing and developing security for these #12;systems can provide useful. INTRODUCTION An important function of augmentation systems for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS systems is a useful first case study for developing and implementing enhanced information security

Stanford University

234

Preliminary Assessment of Alternative Navigation Means for Civil Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7 (HSPD-7) and National Security Presidential Directive 39 (NSPD Administration (FAA) is looking to develop alternative navigation means to global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) and GPS. While the national airspace (NAS) includes many navigation systems such as distance

Stanford University

235

State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES Vol. III March 15, 192S No. 4 State Gasoline Taxes BY KDMUNI) IV LKAENKI), A. B., A, M. Instructor in Economics and Commerce The Unlvmity of Kansas PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY l... vast sums of money, Oregon was the first state to adopt a tax on gasoline to provide revenue for building and maintaining roads. Since this adoption in 1919, many states have passed laws provid ing for gasoline taxes until now forty-four states...

Learned, Edmund Philip

1925-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

237

Diesel vs Gasoline Production | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vs Gasoline Production Diesel vs Gasoline Production A look at refinery decisions that decide "swing" between diesel and gasoline production deer08leister.pdf More Documents &...

238

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules Contents * Introduction o Table 1. History of Foreign Refiner Regulations * Foreign Refinery Baseline * Monitoring Imported Conventional Gasoline * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an

239

Motor gasolines, summer 1980  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 2062 samples of motor gasoline were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The anitknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasolines sold in this country were 87.8 for the unleaded below 90.0, 91.6 for the unleaded 90.0 and above, 88.9 for the regular, and 92.8 for the premium grades of gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

SciTech Connect

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

242

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

243

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

244

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

245

El Paso Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Good morning. I’m glad to be here in El Paso to share some of my agency’s insights on crude oil and gasoline prices. I represent the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. My division has the responsibility to monitor petroleum supplies and prices in the United States. As part of that work, we operate a number of surveys on a weekly, monthly, and annual basis. One of these is a weekly survey of retail gasoline prices at about 800 stations nationwide. This survey in particular allows us to observe the differences between local gasoline markets in the United States. While we track relatively few stations in the El Paso area, we have compared our price data with that collected by the El Paso City-County Health and Environmental District and

246

Is the gasoline tax regressive?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Claims of the regressivity of gasoline taxes typically rely on annual surveys of consumer income and expenditures which show that gasoline expenditures are a larger fraction of income for very low income households than ...

Poterba, James M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Gasoline Jet Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C4n= Diesel Gasoline Jet Fuels C O C5: Xylose C6 Fermentation of sugars Biofuel "Nanobowls" are inorganic catalysts that could provide the selectivity for converting sugars to fuels IACT Proposes Synthetic, Inorganic Catalysts to Produce Biofuels Current Process

Kemner, Ken

248

Motor gasolines, summer 1981  

SciTech Connect

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 715 samples of motor gasoline were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 33 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing included in this report shows marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.3 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

250

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Sampling Methodology Gasoline Sampling Methodology The sample for the Motor Gasoline Price Survey was drawn from a frame of approximately 115,000 retail gasoline outlets. The gasoline outlet frame was constructed by combining information purchased from a private commercial source with information contained on existing EIA petroleum product frames and surveys. Outlet names, and zip codes were obtained from the private commercial data source. Additional information was obtained directly from companies selling retail gasoline to supplement information on the frame. The individual frame outlets were mapped to counties using their zip codes. The outlets were then assigned to the published geographic areas as defined by the EPA program area, or for conventional gasoline areas, as defined by the Census Bureau's Standard Metropolitan

251

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? 5/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential Volatility Midwest Looking Like Last Year RFG Responding More Strongly Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations.Retail Regular Gasoline Price, Cents per Gallon May 8, 2001 Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At Least 2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Low U.S. Stocks Indicate Tight U.S. Market Regional Inventories Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) "New Factor" Contributing to Volatility: Excess Capacity is Gone Regional Refinery Utilization Shows Gulf Coast Pressure

252

Fuel excise taxes and consumer gasoline demand: comparing average retail price effects and gasoline tax effects .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Interest in using gasoline taxes as a gasoline consumption reduction policy has increased. This study asks three questions to help determine how consumer gasoline consumption (more)

Sauer, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

EIS-0039: Motor Gasoline Deregulation and the Gasoline Tilt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, that may result from either of two proposed regulatory changes: (1) the exemption of motor gasoline from the Department of Energy's Mandatory Petroleum Price and Allocation Regulations, and (2) the adoption of the gasoline tilt, a proposed regulation that would allow refiners to recover an additional amount of their total increased costs on gasoline.

254

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

255

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Pass-through Gasoline Price Pass-through January 2003 by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* The single most visible energy statistic to American consumers is the retail price of gasoline. While the average consumer probably has a general notion that gasoline prices are related to those for crude oil, he or she likely has little idea that gasoline, like most other goods, is priced at many different levels in the marketing chain, and that changes ripple through the system as prices rise and fall. When substantial price changes occur, especially upward, there are often allegations of impropriety, even price gouging, on the part of petroleum refiners and/or marketers. In order to understand the movement of gasoline prices over time, it is necessary to examine the relationship between prices at retail and various wholesale levels.

256

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Principal Investigator 13MY11 2011 DOE Vehicle Technologies Review Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle ACE064 "This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

257

1 What is Oil ? General information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of petroleum products manufactured from crude oil. Many are for specific purposes, for example motor gasoline gasoline to heavier ones such as fuel oil. Oil #12;Crude oil Natural gas liquids Other hydrocarbons Aviation gasoline White spirit + SBP Gasoline type jet fuel Lubricants Unleaded gasoline Bitumen Leaded

Kammen, Daniel M.

258

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Learn more... Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel fuel oil prices? The retail price of a gallon of diesel fuel reflects the underlying costs and profits (or losses) of producing and delivering the product to customers. The price of diesel at the pump reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain, including... read more in

259

PriceTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ASTM: The American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specifica- tion MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components: Naphthas that will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel (petroleum): A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass Waste:

260

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Note: Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specifica- tion MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components: Naphthas that will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes ox- ygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are re- ported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

California Gasoline Price Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND RESOURCES COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MAY 9, 2005 Mr. Chairman, I appreciate this opportunity to testify today on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) insights into factors affecting recent gasoline prices. EIA is the statutorily chartered statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. We are charged with providing objective, timely, and relevant data, analysis, and projections for the use of the Department of Energy, other Government agencies, the U.S. Congress, and the public. We produce data and analysis reports that are meant to assist policy makers in determining energy policy. Because we have an element of

262

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

263

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

264

Gasoline Prices at Historical Lows  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Before looking at El Paso gasoline prices, let’s take a minute to look at the U.S. average price for context. Gasoline prices this year, adjusted for inflation, are the lowest ever. Back in March, before prices began to rise ahead of the traditional high-demand season, the U.S. average retail price fell to $1.00 per gallon. Prices rose an average of 7.5 cents, less than the typical seasonal runup, to peak in early June. Since then, prices have fallen back to $1.013. Given recent declines in crude oil and wholesale gasoline prices, we expect retail prices to continue to ease over at least the next few weeks. Since their sharp runup during the energy crises of the 1970’s, gasoline prices have actually been non-inflationary. Adjusting the historical prices by the Consumer Price Index, we can see that today’s

265

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

differences, whereas stationary series can be estimated in level form. The unit root test could not reject the hypothesis that the retail and spot gasoline price series have a...

266

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/ Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale Gasoline, All Grades - DTW (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Rack (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Bulk (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Regular Gasoline - Other End Users Regular Gasoline - Sales for Resale Regular Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Midgrade Gasoline - Other End Users Midgrade Gasoline - Sales for Resale Midgrade Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Premium - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Premium Gasoline - Other End Users Premium Gasoline - Sales for Resale Premium Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Period: Monthly Annual

267

Comparing air quality impacts of hydrogen and gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from among existing gasoline station locations in Sacra-VOC emitted at gasoline service stations, because these arethe gasoline terminal storage and refueling stations, it is

Sperling, Dan; Wang, Guihua; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine deer10johansson.pdf More Documents & Publications Partially...

269

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Almost 2 dozen gasoline fuels, blending components, and surrogates were evaluated in a single-cylinder HCCI gasoline engine for combustion, emissions, and efficiency performance.

270

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

271

Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The public is probably more knowledgeable about what they pay for gasoline than about anything else they use regularly. Most Americans are bombarded several times a day with the price of gasoline. Many people who phone our office don't only want to know why prices have risen, but why their prices are different than prices in some other area - the gasoline station two blocks away, the average price quoted on the news, the price their uncle is paying in a different region of the country. This chart shows some of the different state averages for a specific month. Besides taxes, these differences are due to factors such as distance from refining sources, and mix of reformulated versus conventional fuels. What this snapshot does not show,is that all of these prices can

272

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Outlook Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans Tancred Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Supply and Demand 3. Ethanol Supply 4. Gasoline Supply 5. Gasoline Prices A. Long-Term Equilibrium Price Analysis B. Short-Term Price Volatility 6. Conclusion 7. Appendix A. Estimating MTBE Consumption by State 8. Appendix B. MTBE Imports and Exports 9. Appendix C. Glossary of Terms 10. End Notes 11. References 1. Summary The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending State bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year. Three impending State bans on MTBE blending could significantly affect gasoline

273

STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was 3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall...

274

Household gasoline demand in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuing rapid growth in U.S. gasoline consumption threatens to exacerbate environmental and congestion problems. We use flexible semiparametric and nonparametric methods to guide analysis of household gasoline consumption, ...

Schmalensee, Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI)...

276

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

weekly gasoline spot price 2011-14 ... 15 Table 3. Dickey-Fuller test and autocorrelogram results ......

277

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending state bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Microsoft Word - Gasoline_2008 Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 April 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Motor Gasoline Consumption 2008 A Historical Perspective and Short-Term Projections 1 Highlights * Income growth rates have less of an impact on recent trends in gasoline consumption than in the past, but short-run effects are still significant. * High gasoline prices are once again motivating drivers to conserve by driving less and purchasing more fuel-efficient transportation. * The increasing share of lower-Btu-content ethanol has contributed to a growing divergence between volume-based and energy-content-based measures of trends in gasoline consumption. * Consumer sensitivity to gasoline price changes increases during periods when

279

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

280

Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Program Reformulated Gasoline Program Contents * Introduction * Mandated RFG Program Areas o Table 1. Mandated RFG Program Areas * RFG Program Opt-In Areas o Table 2. RFG Program Opt-In Areas * RFG Program Opt-Out Procedures and Areas o Table 3. History of EPA Rulemaking on Opt-Out Procedures o Table 4. RFG Program Opt-Out Areas * State Programs o Table 5. State Reformulated Gasoline Programs * Endnotes Spreadsheets Referenced in this Article * Reformulated Gasoline Control Area Populations Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Areas Participating in Oxygenated Gasoline Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Interaction blending equations enhance reformulated gasoline profitability  

SciTech Connect

The interaction approach to gasoline blending gives refiners an accurate, simple means of re-evaluating blending equations and increasing profitability. With reformulated gasoline specifications drawing near, a detailed description of this approach, in the context of reformulated gasoline is in order. Simple mathematics compute blending values from interaction equations and interaction coefficients between mixtures. A timely example of such interactions is: blending a mixture of catalytically cracked gasoline plus light straight run (LSR) from one tank with alkylate plus reformate from another. This paper discusses blending equations, using interactions, mixture interactions, other blending problems, and obtaining equations.

Snee, R.D. (Joiner Associates, Madison, WI (United States)); Morris, W.E.; Smith, W.E.

1994-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties ... National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... Energy Fuels, 2011, 25 (10), ...

Earl Christensen; Janet Yanowitz; Matthew Ratcliff; Robert L. McCormick

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

283

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to achieve cost-effective compliance * minimize precious metal content while maximizing fuel economy * Relevance: - U.S. passenger car fleet is dominated by gasoline-fueled...

284

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) engine technology in the near term as a cost effective, high volume, fuel economy solution, marketed globally as EcoBoost...

285

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCR Urea TankInjector Cost Customer Acceptance Not in Project Scope Specific Key Issues: Cost, Durability, Fuel Penalty, Operating Temp.,+... Lean Gasoline SI Direct Injection...

286

Updated 11-12 Bruce B. Cwalina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's Competency Department Head for Major Weapons Systems, Strike Weapons, Unmanned Aviation, Aviation Support

287

Human Factors Analysis of Power System Visualizations Thomas J. Overbye Douglas A. Wiegmann Aaron M. Rich Yan Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Rich Yan Sun Dept. Elect. & Comp. Eng. Institute of Aviation Institute of Aviation Dept. Elect. & Comp

288

Human Factors Aspects of Power System Voltage Visualizations Douglas A. Wiegmann Aaron M. Rich Thomas J. Overbye Yan Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomas J. Overbye Yan Sun Institute of Aviation Institute of Aviation Elect. & Comp. Eng. Elect. & Comp

289

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Pump Components History Gasoline Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF REGULAR GASOLINE Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage) Taxes (percentage) Crude Oil (percentage) Jan-00 1.289 7.8 13.0 32.1 47.1 Feb-00 1.377 17.9 7.5 30.1 44.6 Mar-00 1.517 15.4 12.8 27.3 44.6 Apr-00 1.465 10.1 20.2 28.3 41.4 May-00 1.485 20.2 9.2 27.9 42.7 Jun-00 1.633 22.2 8.8 25.8 43.1 Jul-00 1.551 13.2 15.8 27.2 43.8 Aug-00 1.465 15.8 7.5 28.8 47.8 Sep-00 1.550 15.4 9.0 27.2 48.3 Oct-00 1.532 13.7 10.1 27.5 48.6 Nov-00 1.517 10.4 11.8 27.8 50.0 Dec-00 1.443 8.0 17.9 29.2 44.8 Jan-01 1.447 17.8 10.4 29.2 42.7 Feb-01 1.450 17.3 11.0 29.1 42.6 Mar-01 1.409 18.8 9.7 30.0 41.5

290

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices EIA released a new analytical report entitled Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008. It includes a discussion of scheduled refinery outages in 2008 prepared in accordance with Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, which requires EIA to review and analyze information on such outages from commercial reporting services and assess to their expected effects on the price and supply of gasoline. Changes in wholesale gasoline prices relative to crude oil are determined by the tightness between gasoline supply (production and net imports) and demand. Expectations for U.S. gasoline supply relative to demand are for a more favorable situation in January through May 2008 than was the case in the comparable 2007 period. Demand growth, which varies seasonally and depends on economic factors, is expected to slow. New gasoline supply is affected by refinery outages, refinery run decisions, and import variations. Planned refinery outages for January through May 2008 are lower than for the same period in 2007. Given lower planned outages and assuming the return of unplanned outages to more typical levels, including the return of BP's Texas City refinery to full operation, gasoline production could increase between 100 and 200 thousand barrels per day over last year's level, depending on the market incentives. In addition, ethanol use, which adds to gasoline supply, is expected to continue to increase. Considering the uncertainty in all the gasoline supply components, there is little likelihood of events combining in 2008 to lead to the kind of tight supply downstream from crude oil markets seen in spring 2007. In summary, refinery outage and import impacts should contribute less to gasoline price increases in 2008 than in 2007. If all of the low-range estimates for supply occurred, total gasoline supply would increase about 200 thousand barrels per day (Figure S1). However, record crude oil prices are nonetheless pushing current and expected gasoline prices to record levels.

291

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We consumer preferences for fuel efficiency. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

292

EIA-878 Motor Gasoline Price Survey ? Reference Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Motor Gasoline Price Survey - Reference Guide For the purposes of the Motor Gasoline Price Survey (EIA-878), we collect prices for the following gasoline grades as defined by...

293

From Gasoline Alleys to Electric Avenues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...From Gasoline Alleys to Electric Avenues 10.1126...for next-generation electric cars could help make...next-generation hybrid vehicle. Like today's hybrids...have dual gasoline and electric engines. But whereas...authorizing $1 million for rebates for future plug-in hybrid...

Eli Kintisch

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

294

Ethers have good gasoline-blending attributes  

SciTech Connect

Because of their compatibility with hydrocarbon gasoline-blending components, their high octane blending values, and their low volatility blending values, ethers will grow in use as gasoline blending components. This article discusses the properties of ethers as blending components, and environmental questions.

Unzelman, G.H.

1989-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

295

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis provides context for considering the impact of rising domestic light crude oil production on the price that U.S. consumers pay for gasoline, and provides a framework to consider how changes to existing U.S. crude oil export restrictions might affect gasoline prices.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating, and Hydrocracking Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from...

297

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis,...

298

Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level Ethanol/Gasoline...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level EthanolGasoline Test Fluid Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level EthanolGasoline Test Fluid The National Renewable Energy...

299

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster presented at the 16th...

300

DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerfujita.pdf More...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions Load Expansion with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions This poster will...

302

Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines...

303

Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere Composition and Health Responses to Inhaled Emissions Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of...

304

In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Materials In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate...

305

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines 2009 DOE Hydrogen...

306

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Consumption 125 A P P E N D I X A ABICB Aviation gasoline blending components Billion Btu ABICBZZ = ABTCBZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICBUS = ABTCBUS ABICP Aviation gasoline blending components Thousand barrels ABICPZZ = ABTCPZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICPUS = ABTCPUS ABTCB Aviation gasoline blending components total Billion Btu ABTCBZZ = ABTCPZZ * 5.048 consumed. ABTCBUS = SABTCBZZ ABTCP Aviation gasoline blending components total Thousand barrels ABTCPZZ = (COCAPZZ / COCAPUS) * ABTCPUS consumed. ABTCPUS is independent. AICAP Aluminum ingot production capacity. Short tons AICAPZZ is independent. AICAPUS = SAICAPZZ ARICB Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Billion Btu ARICBZZ = ARICPZZ * 6.636 industrial sector. ARICBUS = SARICBZZ ARICP Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Thousand barrels ARICPZZ = ASICPZZ + RDICPZZ industrial

307

ConsumTechNotes2012.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data: Data: Consumption 125 A P P E N D I X A ABICB Aviation gasoline blending components Billion Btu ABICBZZ = ABTCBZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICBUS = ABTCBUS ABICP Aviation gasoline blending components Thousand barrels ABICPZZ = ABTCPZZ total consumed by the industrial sector. ABICPUS = ABTCPUS ABTCB Aviation gasoline blending components total Billion Btu ABTCBZZ = ABTCPZZ * 5.048 consumed. ABTCBUS = SABTCBZZ ABTCP Aviation gasoline blending components total Thousand barrels ABTCPZZ = (COCAPZZ / COCAPUS) * ABTCPUS consumed. ABTCPUS is independent. AICAP Aluminum ingot production capacity. Short tons AICAPZZ is independent. AICAPUS = SAICAPZZ ARICB Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Billion Btu ARICBZZ = ARICPZZ * 6.636 industrial sector. ARICBUS = SARICBZZ ARICP Asphalt and road oil consumed by the Thousand barrels ARICPZZ = ASICPZZ + RDICPZZ industrial sector.

308

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

309

Estimating Policy-Driven Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trajectories in California: The California Greenhouse Gas Inventory Spreadsheet (GHGIS) Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of-state fuel consumption was estimated for marine OGV. Themarine OGV electricity use in 2020 (IEPR: Kavalec, 2013) 3. FuelsIn-state jet fuel b. Aviation gasoline 3. Marine ocean-going

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1 Distillate,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

34.7 34.7 428.4 46,539.7 12,728.4 790.3 6,200.2 648.4 4,283.7 3,323.4 44,204.9 February ......................... 151.1 456.7 46,811.8 13,168.9 661.0 5,865.0 639.0 3,498.4 4,030.8 40,811.0 March .............................. 155.1 534.1 47,764.0 11,796.0 685.4 3,081.1 347.2 1,274.9 2,912.8 32,094.6 April ................................ 181.4 632.9 48,092.4 12,418.7 309.0 1,382.4 162.4 425.7 2,671.8 27,292.6 May ................................. 194.0 730.2 48,978.1 11,174.4 288.0 868.9 122.3 240.3 2,628.8 22,213.6 June ................................ 184.4 739.6 50,091.3 10,034.5 424.7 571.0 151.7 314.2 2,237.4 23,117.3 July ................................. 205.9 830.4 50,287.4 11,139.2 226.4 714.5 145.1 261.5 2,057.6 25,037.3 August ............................ 200.2 854.8 50,327.4 11,706.4 202.7 1,112.1

311

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1983 ...................................... 127.8 123.0 87.0 87.8 91.3 52.8 94.5 90.1 1984 ...................................... 124.7 119.5 83.5 85.0 93.3 50.9 106.0 92.2 1985 ...................................... 121.4 115.3 78.5 82.2 91.5 44.9 104.9 88.1 1986 ...................................... 100.6 91.8 52.8 52.2 86.0 32.7 81.0 61.6 1987 ...................................... 90.9 85.0 54.1 55.6 82.3 31.0 78.1 58.9 1988 ...................................... 89.5 82.9 51.2 51.3 84.8 29.8 73.3 55.3 1989 ...................................... 99.2 92.2 59.1 60.1 75.8 29.2 69.3 67.2 1990 ...................................... 112.3 105.3 75.9 78.3 91.8 45.0 86.4 84.4 1991 ...................................... 105.6 100.3 65.3 67.2 W 40.5 81.0 74.0 1992 ......................................

312

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1 Distillate,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.2 4.2 406.0 45,968.1 11,079.0 534.5 5,366.3 833.9 4,675.6 3,248.9 44,872.7 February ......................... 146.6 499.8 47,800.3 10,256.4 357.8 3,591.8 621.7 2,731.9 3,684.2 38,357.8 March .............................. 150.3 518.6 48,152.6 10,316.6 365.5 2,056.1 336.2 1,114.2 3,284.7 28,091.6 April ................................ 171.8 592.8 49,135.3 9,493.8 287.9 1,335.2 199.7 438.4 3,352.9 25,786.2 May ................................. 172.2 665.1 49,770.4 9,886.7 249.2 1,017.4 176.2 314.9 2,935.6 24,783.5 June ................................ 175.3 759.4 52,048.3 10,834.1 192.7 754.0 194.4 360.2 2,313.9 24,285.6 July ................................. 239.2 853.3 51,725.7 10,840.4 136.7 1,348.8 199.7 362.4 2,083.2 26,581.1 August ............................ 201.6 810.9 52,026.8 12,609.7 241.1 1,226.9

313

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1983 ...................................... 127.8 123.0 87.0 87.8 91.3 52.8 94.5 90.1 1984 ...................................... 124.7 119.5 83.5 85.0 93.3 50.9 106.0 92.2 1985 ...................................... 121.4 115.3 78.5 82.2 91.5 44.9 104.9 88.1 1986 ...................................... 100.6 91.8 52.8 52.2 86.0 32.7 81.0 61.6 1987 ...................................... 90.9 85.0 54.1 55.6 82.3 31.0 78.1 58.9 1988 ...................................... 89.5 82.9 51.2 51.3 84.8 29.8 73.3 55.3 1989 ...................................... 99.2 92.2 59.1 60.1 75.8 29.2 69.3 67.2 1990 ...................................... 112.3 105.3 75.9 78.3 91.8 45.0 86.4 84.4 1991 ...................................... 105.6 100.3 65.3 67.2 W 40.5 81.0 74.0 1992 ......................................

314

U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

103.5 144.3 150.9 116.6 117.5 101.0 1983-2012 103.5 144.3 150.9 116.6 117.5 101.0 1983-2012 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel 40,136.3 39,913.9 37,954.6 34,775.2 33,272.0 32,545.7 1983-2012 Propane (Consumer Grade) 3,263.4 2,672.2 3,671.1 3,871.2 4,457.3 5,556.4 1983-2012 Kerosene 139.7 46.0 39.8 30.3 27.1 21.0 1983-2012 No. 1 Distillate 161.0 102.0 100.9 107.8 108.9 108.5 1983-2012 No. 2 Distillate 24,345.6 20,801.6 17,757.7 15,767.1 13,802.1 12,536.7 1983-2012 No. 2 Diesel Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2012 Ultra Low-Sulfur 12,415.9 12,419.4 12,458.2 11,698.0 10,441.1 10,608.9 2007-2012 Low-Sulfur 7,720.2 6,037.6 3,392.4 3,186.1 2,579.3 1,185.4 1994-2012 High-Sulfur 3,419.6 1,403.5 1,028.3 448.8 402.0 427.5 1994-2012 No. 2 Fuel Oil 789.9 941.0 878.9 434.2 379.7 314.9

315

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1983 ...................................... 127.8 123.0 87.0 87.8 91.3 52.8 94.5 90.1 1984 ...................................... 124.7 119.5 83.5 85.0 93.3 50.9 106.0 92.2 1985 ...................................... 121.4 115.3 78.5 82.2 91.5 44.9 104.9 88.1 1986 ...................................... 100.6 91.8 52.8 52.2 86.0 32.7 81.0 61.6 1987 ...................................... 90.9 85.0 54.1 55.6 82.3 31.0 78.1 58.9 1988 ...................................... 89.5 82.9 51.2 51.3 84.8 29.8 73.3 55.3 1989 ...................................... 99.2 92.2 59.1 60.1 75.8 29.2 69.3 67.2 1990 ...................................... 112.3 105.3 75.9 78.3 91.8 45.0 86.4 84.4 1991 ...................................... 105.6 100.3 65.3 67.2 W 40.5 81.0 74.0 1992 ......................................

316

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

each stage of WTT process Sustainable portion of feedstockis not a sustainable resource of energy, a CBTL process withprocess to produce syngas usually uses coal or other non-sustainable

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency than conventional gasification technologies when1.2.3 Feedstock and gasification Coal, biomass and naturalin many different ways including gasification or natural gas

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquefied natural gas (LNG), Wind power (sails) Aviationand Policies the use of LNG will result in a small 2 percentbe a much greater potential to use LNG aboard most ships if

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jet fuel and crude oil price history. 6Figure 2 Jet fuel and crude oil price history. From IATAa sharp decrease in crude oil price occurred in the 1950s.

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

propulsion configurations. Diesel-electric propulsion is oneexample. A typical diesel-electric propulsion system isdiesel engines or even diesel-electric systems are under

Hansen, Mark; Smirti, Megan; Zou, Bo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new combined cycle or diesel-electric engines, and optimizeda series of smaller diesel-electric engines, each optimizednew combined cycle or diesel-electric engines, and optimized

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Real-Time Path Planning and Terrain Obstacle Performance for General Aviation Aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Scope Proposed Solution: 1. Search Space 2. Basic Search Algorithm 3. Performance Improvement Techniques Near all-weather accessibility to 5,400 public-use airports? 5400 Public Use Airports Of 5,400 public, Valavanis, Tsourveloudis, Kostaras) Motion-library based trajectory planning (Richards, Ward) Simplified

Valasek, John

323

The Future of Biofuels: U.S. (and Global) Airlines & Aviation...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

UOPHoneywell & Petrixo Oil & Gas (UAE) DevelopmentCommercialization: * Lufthansa (Germany) - GEVO; Virgin Atlantic (United Kingdom) & Lanzatech; Etihad (UAE) & Masdar; Virgin...

324

Resuspension of Relic Volcanic Ash and Dust from Katmai: Still an Aviation Hazard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Northwest winds were strong enough to continuously resuspend relic volcanic ash from the Katmai volcano cluster and the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes on 2021 September 2003. The ash cloud reached over 1600 m and extended over 230 km into the ...

David Hadley; Gary L. Hufford; James J. Simpson

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FTR: Fischer-Tropsch reactor LCA: life cycle analysis LCI:software. Life cycle analyses (LCA) using a modified GREETfor the process. Keywords: LCA, Fischer-Tropsch, avation

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and en route operations. Alternative energy includes thereduction potentials as well (IMO, Alternative EnergyAlternative energy involves the substitution of alternative

Hansen, Mark; Smirti, Megan; Zou, Bo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling result compared with NETL baseline (14.31 g CO2e/MJmodeling result compared with NETL baseline (88.0 g CO 2 e/33 Figure.9: Modeling and NETL baseline of WTT GHG

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 8 APRIL 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1866 Intensification of winter transatlantic aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

moderate-or-greater turbulence tens of thousands of times each year world- wide, injuring probably hundreds corridor when the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is doubled. At cruise altitudes within time in clear-air turbulence of at least light intensity11 , and about 1% of their cruise time in clear

Williams, Paul

329

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiencies and very low GHG emissions. Biosolid masshigher than 17% to meet the GHG reduction goal. To have zeroand transportation. 23 Table.6: GHG emission for coal

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Generalized Additive Models versus Linear Regression in Generating Probabilistic MOS Forecasts of Aviation Weather Parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The skill of probabilistic Model Output Statistics forecasts generated from Generalized Additive Models (GAM) is compared to that of traditional multiple linear regression techniques. Unlike linear regression, where each predictor term in the ...

Robert L. Vislocky; J. Michael Fritsch

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Performance of a direct diesel engine using aviation fuels blended with biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, jet fuel (JF) and railroad fuel (D2) with SME blends (5%, 20%, 50%) were used in a four-cylinder, naturally aspirated, direct (DI) diesel engine. The engine was operated under full load and tested at various speeds to determine the engine's performance and exhaust emission characteristics. The experimental results show that as the SME ratio of the fuels increases, the break specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and exhaust temperature increase; the SME and its blends show a slight drop in engine performance. In this experiment, carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and smoke opacity values were measured for each fuel. The results of the emission tests revealed that the oxygen content of SME provided a significant reduction in CO and smoke opacity emissions. However, when the test engine was fuelled by SME and its blends, NOx emissions increased.

Burak Gökalp; Hakan Serhad Soyhan; Halil ?brahim Sarac

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

could reduce engine load and fuel consumption. In addition,one engine when possible to reduce fuel consumption (Tedrow,fuel consumption at different operational conditions rather than engaging all engines

Hansen, Mark; Smirti, Megan; Zou, Bo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the fuel consumption of modern jet engines can still beconsumption: altitude, humidity, fuel quality, and enginefuel consumption 15 percent compared to its previous generation engine (

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Multiple engines Marine diesel oil (MDO), Liquefiedmarine transport, larger ships, new combined cycle or diesel-electric engines,diesel-electric engines, and optimized hull and propeller designs could provide an additional 17 percent reduction in marine

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Treatment Division, King County Department of NaturalWater Treatment Division; King County Department of NaturalParks, a report to the King County Council, April 2009 34

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production and supply to keep pace with the growth in world energy.production scenarios, Energy Policy, 2009, 37, 10, p4003-4010 8 International Energy Agency (IEA), Key World

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

C3Bio.org - Resources: Aviation Fuel Research: Bridging the Technologi...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Great Pyramid is found in... - Select an answer - Rocks Japan Egypt The North Pole Canada Please leave this field blank. required Problem: required Attach a screenshot:...

338

The evolution of network competition in transatlantic aviation and the effects of regulatory liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the domestic deregulation of the U.S. airline industry in 1978, impacts to domestic stakeholders, including airlines, airports, labor and consumers, have been well-studied. International air transportation, however, ...

Cosmas, Alexander

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Municipal Sewage Sludge to Produce Synthetic Fuels,5.4 million dry metric tons of sludge annually or 47pounds of sewage sludge (dry weight basis) for every

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29 Table.13: Total energy consumption in feedstocktotal energy consumption ..50 percent of its total energy consumption from alternative

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predicts that oil usage will peak around 2035. Worldoil reserves are the two main factors that will affect the exact date of the peak.

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

entering the reactor. The gasifier is operated at 750 o C,will be removed from the gasifier and char will be burned to

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Optimisation of Reaction Mechanisms for Aviation Fuels Using a Multi-objective Genetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactor (PSR). However, many practical combustors, such as internal combustion engines, rely on premixed,amt6dbi}@amsta.leeds.ac.uk 2 Centre for Computational Fluid Dynamics, Energy and Resources Research Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK, fue6lib@sun.leeds.ac.uk 4 Centre for Aerospace

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

344

Exploring Factors for Establishing an Aviation Biofuel Supply Chain: An Agent Based Modelling Approach:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An Agent Based Model is devised of the Brazilian bio-ethanol system in order to experiment with the emergence of a biokerosene supply chain within this (more)

Armbrust, T.M.P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Regional catalytic economic impacts and noise-damage costs of aviation growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is growing recognition that transportation or infrastructure improvements can have longer-term catalytic impacts economic productivity, which are in addition to the direct, indirect, or induced household spending ...

Tam, Ryan Aung Min, 1973-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Intelligent executive guidance agent for general aviation aircraft under free flight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

situation within this environment occurs when multiple traffic and weather conflicts arise simultaneously. A solution that forms the basis for this thesis is an agent based hierarchical system that attempts to provide optimal and conflict free flight path...

Rong, Jie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

347

Intelligent system design with fixed-base simulation validation for general aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based system provides pilots with conflict free flight path guidance in situations where weather and traffic conflicts exist concurrently [SI. The agent system is composed of three independent intelligent agents: a Weather Agent, a Traffic Agent.... Other hazards related to the thunderstorms include icing and lightening. The Weather Agent detects hazardous thunderstorms based on data received primarily from onboard weather radar. Considering weather restrictions, the weather agent computes...

Rong, Jie; Ding, Yuanyuan; Valasek, J.; Painter, John H.

2003-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

348

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Jet fuel and crude oil price history. From IATA website:oil discovery and fuel production. ..4 Figure.2: Jet fuel and crude oil price history.

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007) reports that current bio-fuel blends have a highernotes that only two - Bio-Jet Fuel and Liquid Hydrogen fromfuels (FAA, 2007). The Boeing Company is investigating Jet A blends, including bio-

Hansen, Mark; Smirti, Megan; Zou, Bo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to create a synthetic bio- based fuel that is chemicallyBoeing/NASA Synthetic bio-based fuels, Fischer-Tropsch (FT)ICAO 2009b). Synthetic bio-based fuels include bio-based jet

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

larger ships, new combined cycle or diesel-electric engines,Fuel efficiency optimization, Combined cycle operation and2005; MARINTEK 2000). Combined-cycle diesel engines, which

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand level and soaring marine fuel price. Port Related Forassumed an annual marine fuel consumption of approximatelycompared with current marine fuel structure. Solar Panels

Hansen, Mark; Smirti, Megan; Zou, Bo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

C3Bio.org - Resources: Aviation Fuel Research: Bridging the Technologi...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mickey Mouse is a... - Select an answer - Suitcase Chicken Teapot Penguin Mouse Please leave this field blank. required Problem: required Attach a screenshot: optional (.jpg,...

354

System level assessment of uncertainty in aviation environmental policy impact analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis demonstrates the assessment of uncertainty of a simulation model at the system level, which takes into account the interaction between the modules that comprise the system. Results from this system level ...

Liem, Rhea Patricia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based feedstock (e.g. , coal, lignite). The products, asJet A & Jet A-12 Table.2: Coal and biosolid physicalconsumption for coal mining and transportation. 23

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation fuel Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for satisfying air transportation fuel requirements. Both... concerns due to the greenhouse effect of anthropogenic CO2 require that future fuel alternatives ... Source: Fisher,...

357

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation fuels Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for satisfying air transportation fuel requirements. Both... concerns due to the greenhouse effect of anthropogenic CO2 require that future fuel alternatives ... Source: Fisher,...

358

Density and Speed of Sound Measurements of Jet A and S-8 Aviation Turbine Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental Properties of Fluids Group, Thermophysical Properties Division, Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80305-3337 ... In conjunction, environmental concerns and the desire to become more energy independent have led to the development of a synthetic fluid S-8 (CAS 437986-20-4) produced from natural gas by the Fischer?Tropsch process, as a blending stock for JP-8. ... The major chemical constituents of JP-8 are nearly identical to those of Jet A, the most common commercial gas turbine fuel. ...

Stephanie Outcalt; Arno Laesecke; Malte Brian Freund

2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

359

C3Bio.org - Resources: Sustainable Fuel for Aviation: Reviews  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Great Pyramid is found in... - Select an answer - Rocks Japan Egypt The North Pole Canada Please leave this field blank. required Problem: required Attach a screenshot:...

360

Gasoline Price Differences Caused by:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: While my agency cannot be expert in every local gasoline market in the United States, we are familiar with a number of factors that can account for significant differences in prices between markets: Proximity of supply - distance from the refineries supplying the local market. Additionally, the proximity of those refineries to crude oil supplies can be a factor, as well as shipping logistics, including pipeline or waterborne, from refinery to market. Cost of supply - including crude oil, refinery operating, and transportation costs. Supply/demand balance - some regions are typically in excess or short supply, while others may vary seasonally, or when supply interruptions (such as refinery shutdowns) occur. Competitive environment - including the number of suppliers, and the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Process for producing gasoline of high octane number, in particular lead-free gasoline  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for producing gasoline of high octane number from C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ olefinic cuts, such as those obtained by fractional distillation of a C/sub 3/ / C/sub 4/ catalytic cracking cut. It includes the steps of: (A) oligomerizing propylene of the C/sub 3/ cut to obtain a first gasoline fraction, (B) reacting the isobutene of the C/sub 4/ cut with methanol to produce methyl tert.-butyl ether which is separated from the unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons to form a second gasoline fraction, (C) alkylating said unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons with isobutane in the presence of an alkylation catalyst such as hydrofluoric acid, to form a third gasoline fraction, and (D) admixing, at least partially, said first, second and third gasoline fractions, so as to obtain gasoline of high octane number.

Chauvin, Y.; Gaillard, J.; Hellin, M.; Torck, B.; Vu, Q.D.

1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook2.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2002), rising average crude oil costs are expected to yield above -average seasonal gasoline price increases at the pump. However, year-over-year comparisons for pump prices are still likely to be lower this summer. Inventories are at higher levels than last year in April, so some cushion against early-season price spikes is in place and price levels are expected to range below last year's averages, assuming no unanticipated disruptions. Still, OPEC production restraint and tightening world oil markets now probably mark the end of the brief respite (since last fall) from two years of relatively high gasoline prices. * Retail gasoline prices (regular grade) are expected to average $1.46 per gallon, 5

363

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? As of October 29, 2001, the national average retail price of regular gasoline was $1.235 per gallon, its lowest level since November 8, 1999 (Figure 1). The average price has fallen 29 cents in 6 weeks since September 17, with further declines perhaps to come. The sharpest decline has been in the Midwest (Petroleum Administration for Defense District 2), where the average has dropped 57 cents in 8 weeks since Labor Day (September 3). Additionally, this decline comes on the heels of a 33-cent drop in the national average in 10 weeks from Memorial Day through August 6, interrupted only by a brief 17-cent rise in August. In total, the national average retail gasoline price has fallen nearly 48 cents from its peak on May 14. This is already the widest one-year range in retail prices

364

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

02/22/2006 02/22/2006 Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 Summary In 2005, a number of petroleum companies announced their intent to remove methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from their gasoline in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline, and perceived potential for increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EIA's informal discussions with a number of suppliers indicate that most of the industry is trying to move away from MTBE before the 2006 summer driving season. Currently, the largest use of MTBE is in RFG consumed on the East Coast outside of

365

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

366

Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

Noel, Michael David, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Chemistry Impacts in Gasoline HCCI  

SciTech Connect

The use of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines is of interest because it has the potential to produce low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions while providing diesel-like efficiency. In HCCI combustion, a premixed charge of fuel and air auto-ignites at multiple points in the cylinder near top dead center (TDC), resulting in rapid combustion with very little flame propagation. In order to prevent excessive knocking during HCCI combustion, it must take place in a dilute environment, resulting from either operating fuel lean or providing high levels of either internal or external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Operating the engine in a dilute environment can substantially reduce the pumping losses, thus providing the main efficiency advantage compared to spark-ignition (SI) engines. Low NOx and PM emissions have been reported by virtually all researchers for operation under HCCI conditions. The precise emissions can vary depending on how well mixed the intake charge is, the fuel used, and the phasing of the HCCI combustion event; but it is common for there to be no measurable PM emissions and NOx emissions <10 ppm. Much of the early HCCI work was done on 2-stroke engines, and in these studies the CO and hydrocarbon emissions were reported to decrease [1]. However, in modern 4-stroke engines, the CO and hydrocarbon emissions from HCCI usually represent a marked increase compared with conventional SI combustion. This literature review does not report on HCCI emissions because the trends mentioned above are well established in the literature. The main focus of this literature review is the auto-ignition performance of gasoline-type fuels. It follows that this discussion relies heavily on the extensive information available about gasoline auto-ignition from studying knock in SI engines. Section 2 discusses hydrocarbon auto-ignition, the octane number scale, the chemistry behind it, its shortcomings, and its relevance to HCCI. Section 3 discusses the effects of fuel volatility on fuel and air mixing and the consequences it has on HCCI. The effects of alcohol fuels on HCCI performance, and specifically the effects that they have on the operable speed/load range, are reviewed in Section 4. Finally, conclusions are drawn in Section 5.

Szybist, James P [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: August 4, 9: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on AddThis.com... Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations The number of retail outlets that sell gasoline to the public has declined by 17.7% from 1993 to 2002 - from 207,416 in 1993, to 170,678 in 2002.

369

Low Gasoline Stocks Indicate Increased Odds of Spring Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next major concern. Gasoline stock levels have fallen well below the typical band for this time of year, primarily for the same reason distillate stocks fell to low levels -- namely relatively low production due to low margins. At the end of January, total gasoline inventories were almost 13 million barrels (6%) below the low end of the normal band. While gasoline stocks are generally not as important a supply source to the gasoline market this time of year as are distillate stocks to the distillate market, gasoline stocks still are needed. Gasoline stocks are usually used to help meet gasoline demand during February and March as refiners go through maintenance and turnarounds, but we do not have the

370

Motor gasolines, winter 1981-1982  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 905 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 30 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 88.9 for leaded below 93.0. Only one sample was reported as 93.0 for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above.

Shelton, E M

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Motor gasolines, winter 1982-83  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 1330 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 28 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.5 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.1 for leaded below 93.0, and no data was reported in this report for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above. 21 figures, 5 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The potential for low petroleum gasoline  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. The Act also requires the Secretary to determine the greenhouse gas implications of the use of replacement fuels. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including certain alcohols, ethers, and other components. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the cost and refinery impacts for production of {open_quotes}low petroleum{close_quotes} gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and a major contributor to cost increase is investment in processes to produce and etherify light olefins. High oxygenation can also increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon of gasoline, and with greenhouse gas emissions changes between a 3 percent increase and a 16 percent decrease. Crude oil reduction, with decreased dependence on foreign sources, is a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program. For year-round gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components, crude oil use is reduced by 10 to 12 percent, at a cost $48 to $89 per barrel. Depending upon resolution of uncertainties about extrapolation of the Environmental Protection Agency Complex Model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues, costs could be lower or higher.

Hadder, G.R.; Webb, G.M.; Clauson, M.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Sales to End Users, Total 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 Through Retail Outlets 26,507.1 22,632.7 22,641.3 22,038.2 22,474.5 21,660.0 1983-2013 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 24,954.1 29,704.3 30,138.3 29,222.8 30,011.9 28,880.3 1994-2013 Rack 236,373.7 242,166.6 243,892.5 243,789.7 248,761.4 237,431.5 1994-2013

374

Gasoline marketing: Octane mislabeling in New York City  

SciTech Connect

The problem of octane mislabeling at gasoline stations in New York City has grown - from 46 or fewer citations in 1981 to 171 citations in 1986. No single source of octane mislabeling exists but the city has found both gasoline station operators and fuel distributors to blame. The problem does not seem to be unique to any one type of gasoline station but 57 percent of the 171 citations issued involved gasoline sold under the name of a major refiner; the rest involved unbranded gasoline. Octane cheating can be lucrative in New York City. A station intentionally mislabeling its gasoline could realize amounts many times the city's maximum $500 fine for cheating.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Motor gasolines, winter 1979-1980  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 1857 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report shows marketing areas districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas, 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R+M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.9, 92.1, 89.0, and 93.3 unleaded below 90.0, unleaded 90.0 and above, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Motor gasolines, Winter 1980-81  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 546 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 23 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.6 unleaded below 90.0, 91.4 unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.1 leaded below 93.0, and 93.3 leaded 93.0 and above grades of gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Ethanol Demand in United States Gasoline Production  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (OWL) Refinery Yield Model (RYM) has been used to estimate the demand for ethanol in U.S. gasoline production in year 2010. Study cases examine ethanol demand with variations in world oil price, cost of competing oxygenate, ethanol value, and gasoline specifications. For combined-regions outside California summer ethanol demand is dominated by conventional gasoline (CG) because the premised share of reformulated gasoline (RFG) production is relatively low and because CG offers greater flexibility for blending high vapor pressure components like ethanol. Vapor pressure advantages disappear for winter CG, but total ethanol used in winter RFG remains low because of the low RFG production share. In California, relatively less ethanol is used in CG because the RFG production share is very high. During the winter in California, there is a significant increase in use of ethanol in RFG, as ethanol displaces lower-vapor-pressure ethers. Estimated U.S. ethanol demand is a function of the refiner value of ethanol. For example, ethanol demand for reference conditions in year 2010 is 2 billion gallons per year (BGY) at a refiner value of $1.00 per gallon (1996 dollars), and 9 BGY at a refiner value of $0.60 per gallon. Ethanol demand could be increased with higher oil prices, or by changes in gasoline specifications for oxygen content, sulfur content, emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCS), and octane numbers.

Hadder, G.R.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

378

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike levels in time for the peak driving season, and the impact of recent disruptions in Nigerian oil output. Moreover, unusually low crude oil and gasoline inventory levels at the outset of the driving season are expected to keep prices high throughout much of the

379

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

380

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Michigan Fleet Reduces Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on AddThis.com... Feb. 11, 2010 Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use D iscover how the City of Ann Arbor reduced municipal fleet gas and diesel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft Word - Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2004 April 2004 Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary * Gasoline markets are tight as the 2004 driving season begins and conditions are likely to remain volatile through the summer. High crude oil costs, strong gasoline demand growth, low gasoline inventories, uncertainty about the availability of gasoline imports, high transportation costs, and changes in gasoline specifications have added to current and expected gasoline costs and pump prices. * For the upcoming summer driving season (April to September 2004), retail gasoline prices (regular grade, all formulations) are projected to average $1.76 per gallon, about 20 cents above last summer. A 95-percent confidence range for the summer price average, excluding specific consideration of major

382

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: February 26, 8: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on AddThis.com... Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations

383

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

384

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fleet that operates more than 30,000 motorized vehicles and has hybrid electric (diesel and gasoline) vehicles currently in service. FedEx Express has deployed 20 gasoline...

385

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon on...

387

U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

November 3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon...

388

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The relationship between crude oil and gasoline prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the dynamic relationship between crude oil and retail gasoline prices during the last 21 years and determines ... that date, the results show that gasoline prices include higher profit mar...

Ali T. Akarca; Dimitri Andrianacos

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

391

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, 2000-2006 Figure I:Weekly Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices for 2001- 2006 Crudeargue that increases in oil prices may lead to recessions

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Fact #824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Sulfur naturally occurs in gasoline and diesel fuel, contributing to pollution when the fuel is burned. Beginning in 2004, standards were set on the amount of sulfur in gasoline (Tier 2 standards)....

393

DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Desert Research Institute 2003deerfujita.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study Long-Term Changes in Gas-...

394

Why Do Motor Gasoline Prices Vary Regionally? California Case Study  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analysis of the difference between the retail gasoline prices in California and the average U.S. retail prices.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

National Survey of E85 and Gasoline Prices  

SciTech Connect

Study compares the prices of E85 and regular gasoline nationally and regionally over time for one year.

Bergeron, P.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Catalytic isomerization of the overhead fractions of straight run gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The isomerization of the pentane and hexane fractions of gasoline on a platinum catalyst was studied, as...

N. R. Bursian; G. N. Maslyanskii

1965-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004... 2005 2006 gasoline diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004... 2005 2006 gasoline diesel price +10% gasolinegasoline gasoline diesel... ... 2007 20081998 2009 ...2010 home work home work diesel diesel ... gasoline diesel price -7, households' decisions are affected by various other factors, from the vehicle market offer to governmental

Bierlaire, Michel

398

Pollutant Emissions from Gasoline Combustion. 1. Dependence on Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pollutant Emissions from Gasoline Combustion. 1. Dependence on Fuel Structural Functionalities H O fractions of gasoline fuels, the Utah Surrogate Mechanisms is extended to include submecha- nisms of gasoline surrogate compounds using a set of mechanism generation techniques. The mechanism yields very good

Utah, University of

399

Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry Marc Remer August 2, 2010 pricing in the retail gasoline industry, and also documents empirical regularities in the market. I find of asymmetric price movements in the retail gasoline industry. Yet, there is no general agreement as to whether

Niebur, Ernst

400

LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL P. Dirrenberger1 , P.A. Glaude*1 (2014) 162-169" DOI : 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.015 #12;2 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES, Sweden Abstract The adiabatic laminar burning velocities of a commercial gasoline and of a model fuel (n

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith July 12, 2012 Abstract Ethanol made from corn comprises 10% of US gasoline, up from 3% in 2003 proponents of ethanol have argued that ethanol production greatly lowers gasoline prices, with one industry

Rothman, Daniel

402

NIST Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIST Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Carbon Monoxide and Technology (NIST) conducted a study for CDC to examine the impact of distance of gasoline-powered portable

403

ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays: an Outcome of Aggressive Competition? by ?ystein Research Council is gratefully acknowledged. #12;Gasoline prices jump up on Mondays: An outcome, 2008 Abstract This paper examines Norwegian gasoline pump prices using daily station

Feigon, Brooke

404

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Soren T. Anderson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Prices? Soren T. Anderson Michigan State University of consumers about their expectations of future gasoline prices. Overall, we find that consumer beliefs follow a random walk, which we deem a reasonable forecast of gasoline prices, but we find a deviation from

Silver, Whendee

405

Production of high-octane automobile gasolines by the catalytic reforming of straight-run gasoline fractions from mangyshlak crude  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-octane components for AI-93 and AI-98 automobile gasolines can be obtained in 86 and 82% ... 140, 140180, and 85180C gasoline fractions from Mangyshlak crude.

V. A. Kuprianov; A. A. Timofeev; V. E. Gavrun

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Study of methanol-to-gasoline process for production of gasoline from coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process is an efficient way to produce liquid ... The academic basis of the coal-to-liquid process is described and two different synthesis processes are focused on: Fixed MTG process

Tian-cai He; Xiao-han Cheng; Ling Li

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Reformulated gasoline: Costs and refinery impacts  

SciTech Connect

Studies of reformulated gasoline (RFG) costs and refinery impacts have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model (ORNL-RYM), a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy emissions constraints defined by preliminary complex emissions models. Policy makers may use the reformulation cost knee (the point at which costs start to rise sharply for incremental emissions control) to set emissions reduction targets, giving due consideration to the differences between model representations and actual refining operations. ORNL-RYM estimates that the reformulation cost knee for the US East Coast (PADD I) is about 15.2 cents per gallon with a 30 percent reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The estimated cost knee for the US Gulf Coast (PADD III) is about 5.5 cents per gallon with a VOC reduction of 35 percent. Reid vapor pressure (RVP) reduction is the dominant VOC reduction mechanism. Even with anti-dumping constraints, conventional gasoline appears to be an important sink which permits RFG to be blended with lower aromatics and sulfur contents in PADD III. In addition to the potentially large sensitivity of RFG production to different emissions models, RFG production is sensitive to the non-exhaust VOC share assumption for a particular VOC model. ORNL-RYM has also been used to estimate the sensitivity of RFG production to the cost of capital; to the RVP requirements for conventional gasoline; and to the percentage of RFG produced in a refining region.

Hadder, G.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE SURVEYS By Michael J. Moran, Rick M. Clawges, and John S. Zogorski U.S. Geological Survey 1608 Mt. View Rapid City, SD 57702 Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is commonly added to gasoline

409

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Gasoline Sprays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Sprays Gasoline Sprays Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector (simulated environment). Some newer automobiles in the U.S. use gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines. These advanced gasoline engines inject the fuel directly into the engine cylinder rather than into the intake port. These engines can achieve higher fuel efficiency, but they depend on a precise fuel/air mixture at the spark plug to initiate ignition. This leads to more stringent requirements on spray quality and reproducibility. GDI also enables new combustion strategies for gasoline engines such as lean burn engines that use less fuel and air. Lean burn engines may achieve efficiencies near those of diesels while producing low emissions. This

410

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Blender Net Inputs and Blender Net Inputs Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline.

411

Why Are Gasoline Prices Rising so Fast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Statement of John Cook Statement of John Cook Before the Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs U.S. House of Representatives June 14, 2001 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee for the opportunity to testify today. Gasoline prices have begun declining, as expected, from this spring's apparent peak price of $1.71 on May 14, with the national average for regular gasoline at $1.65 per gallon as of June 11 (Figure 1). Between late March and mid-May, retail prices rose 31 cents per gallon, with some regions experiencing even greater increases. Like last year, Midwest consumers saw some of the largest increases, and along with California, some of the highest prices. Prices in the Midwest increased 43 cents per

412

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

413

This Week In Petroleum Gasoline Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Retail Average Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 12/17/12 U.S. 3.265 3.194 3.219 3.293 3.272 3.269 3.239 3.254 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.289 3.243 3.282 3.386 3.389 3.382 3.373 3.350 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.188 3.074 3.126 3.191 3.121 3.132 3.079 3.144 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 3.030 2.978 3.004 3.140 3.124 3.104 3.047 3.045 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.307 3.227 3.183 3.145 3.113 3.077 3.055 3.211 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.564 3.507 3.467 3.457 3.475 3.477 3.472 3.457 Retail Conventional Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13

414

The Extraction of Gasoline from Natural Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the quantitative estimation of the condensable gasoline consti- tuents of so-called rtwetn natural gas Three general lines of experimentation suggested themselves after a preliminary study of the problem. These were the separation of a liqui- fied sample... fractionation of a mixture of natural gases are, however, not available in the ordinary laboratory, so this method altho successful and accurate is hardly practical. Even after the fractionation of the gas has ^lebeau and Damiens in Chen. Abstr. 7, 1356...

Schroeder, J. P.

1914-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL] [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prime Supplier Sales Volume Prime Supplier Sales Volume Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Finished Aviation Gasoline A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

417

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 15, 1: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491:

418

Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand and Price Outlook for Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 Tancred Lidderdale and Aileen Bohn (1) Contents * Summary * Introduction * Reformulated Gasoline Demand * Oxygenate Demand * Logistics o Interstate Movements and Storage o Local Distribution o Phase 2 RFG Logistics o Possible Opt-Ins to the RFG Program o State Low Sulfur, Low RVP Gasoline Initiatives o NAAQS o Tier 2 Gasoline * RFG Production Options o Toxic Air Pollutants (TAP) Reduction o Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Reduction o Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Reduction o Summary of RFG Production Options * Costs of Reformulated Gasoline o Phase 1 RFG Price Premium o California Clean Gasoline Price Premium o Phase 2 RFG Price Premium o Reduced Fuel Economy

419

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995 by Tancred Lidderdale* Provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 designed to reduce ground-level ozone will increase the demand for reformulated motor gaso- line in a number of U.S. metropolitan areas. Refor- mulated motor gasoline is expected to constitute about one-third of total motor gasoline demand in 1995, and refiners will have to change plant opera- tions and modify equipment in order to meet the higher demand. The costs incurred are expected to create a wholesale price premium for reformu- lated motor gasoline of up to 4.0 cents per gallon over the price of conventional motor gasoline. This article discusses the effects of the new regulations on the motor gasoline market and the refining

420

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Energy Department Announces First Regional Gasoline Reserve to...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ernest Moniz today announced the creation of the first federal regional refined petroleum product reserve containing gasoline. Based on the Energy Department's lessons...

422

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

423

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

424

Impacts of Ethanol in Gasoline on Subsurface Contamination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increasing use of ethanol as a gasoline additive has raised concerns over the potential impacts ethanol might have on groundwater contamination. In North America, (more)

Freitas, Juliana Gardenalli de

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Microsoft Word - Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coast Chicago New York Harbor Sources: Ethanol spot prices through July 7, 2006 - Jim Jordan & Associates, Fuels Blendstock Report (www.jordan-associates.com); Gasoline prices -...

426

Long-term historical trends in gasoline properties are charted  

SciTech Connect

Trends in motor gasolines between 1942 and 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in motor gasoline surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. They have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute since 1949. A typical report covers 2,400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots and properties obtained from a dozen different tests.

Shelton, E.M.; Whisman, M.L.; Woodward, P.W.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

TRUCK ROUTING PROBLEM IN DISTRIBUTION OF GASOLINE TO GAS STATIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims at finding a daily routing plan for a fleet of vehicles delivering gasoline to gas stations for an oil company, satisfying all (more)

Janakiraman, Swagath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace064confer2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Gasoline...

429

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063smith2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

430

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace063smith2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

431

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge National Laboratory VW Scholar at the University of Tennessee Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster P-09 2010 DEER Directions...

432

Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Regimes | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Regimes Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Regimes 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

433

Gasoline-like fuel effects on advanced combustion regimes | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

regimes Gasoline-like fuel effects on advanced combustion regimes 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

434

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

435

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

436

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

437

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

438

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

439

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

440

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy Information...

442

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 116 Energy Information...

443

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

444

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

445

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

446

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

447

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

448

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

449

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

450

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

451

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

452

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

453

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

454

Gasoline demand in developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents econometric estimates of motor gasoline demand in eleven developing countries of Asia. The price and GDP per capita elasticities are estimated for each country separately, and for several pooled combinations of the countries. The estimated elasticities for the Asian countries are compared with those of the OECD countries. Generally, one finds that the OECD countries have GDP elasticities that are smaller, and price elasticities that are larger (in absolute value). The price elasticities for the low-income Asian countries are more inelastic than for the middle-income Asian countries, and the GDP elasticities are generally more elastic. 13 refs., 6 tabs.

McRae, R. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

455

Conversion of methanol to gasoline commercial plant study. Coal to gasoline via methanol  

SciTech Connect

Under the joint sponsorship of the German Federal Minister of Research and Technology (BMFT) and the US Department of Energy (DOE), a research program was initiated concerning the ''Conversion of Methanol to Gasoline (MTG), Engineering, Construction and Operation of a Demonstration Plant''. The purpose of the 100 BPD demonstration plant was to demonstrate the feasibility of and to obtain data required for scale-up of the fluid-bed MTG process to a commercial size plant. As per requirements of Annex 3 of the Governmental Agreement, this study, in addition to the MTG plant, also includes the facilities for the production of methanol. The feedstock basis for the production of methanol shall be coal. Hence this study deals with the production of gasoline from coal (CTG-Coal to Gasoline). The basic objective of this study is to assess the technical feasibility of the conversion of methanol to gasoline in a fluid-bed system and to evaluate the process economies i.e., to evlauate the price of the product in relation to the price of the feedstock and plant capacity. In connection with technical feasibility, the scale up criteria were developed from the results obtained and experience gathered over an operational period of 8600 hours of the ''100 BPD Demonstration Plant''. The scale up philosophy is detailed in chapter 4. The conditions selected for the design of the MTG unit are detailed in chapter 5. The scope of the study covers the production of gasoline from coal, in which MTG section is dealt with in detail (refer to chapter 5). Information on other plant sections in this study are limited to that sufficient to: generate overall mass balance; generate rate of by-products and effluents; incorporate heat integration; generate consumption figures; and establish plant investment cost.

Thiagarajan, N.; Nitschke, E.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Clearing the Air? The Effects of Gasoline Content Regulation on Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 for retail gasoline stations and May 1 September 15 forof one if retail gasoline stations in county c are requiredseason for retail gasoline distribution stations is June 1 -

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Kellogg, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Do Gasoline Prices Resond Asymmetrically to Cost Shocks? The Confounding Effect of Edgeworth Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t as determined by gasoline stations is unlikely to beshows a map of all gasoline stations i n central and easterni n Figure 5: Toronto Gasoline Stations Canadian cents per

Noel, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed characterization of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed 19, 2012 (received for review July 22, 2012) Emissions from gasoline and diesel vehicles composition, mass distribu- tion, and organic aerosol formation potential of emissions from gasoline

Silver, Whendee

459

Improving Accuracy in the Determination of Aromatics in Gasoline by Gas ChromatographyMass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......was composed of five gasoline blendstocks: light straight run (LSR) naphtha...consisted of the 21 gasoline fuels used in various...naphtha; LSR, light straight run naphtha; reformate...Because these common gasoline blendstocks contain......

Michael D. Mathiesen; Axel J. Lubeck

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Blended Straight-Run Gasolines with Composite Additives Containing Watery Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cranking and antiknock properties of gasoline-alcohol blends based on straight-run gasoline with additives containing watery ethanol and other ... components are studied. The composition of the gasoline-alcohol b...

Yu. O. Beiko; A. P. Pavlovskii; O. A. Beiko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Advanced Particulate Filter Technologies for Direct Injection Gasoline Engine Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Specific designs and material properties have to be developed for gasoline particulate filters based on the different engine and exhaust gas characteristic of gasoline engines compared to diesel engines, e.g., generally lower levels of engine-out particulate emissions or higher GDI exhaust gas temperatures

462

Author's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of EnergyAuthor's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi Guangqing Chi a, , Arthur

Levinson, David M.

463

Lifecycle Analysis of Air Quality Impacts of Hydrogen and Gasoline Transportation Fuel Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Includes gasoline, diesel, and electric. The following fourIncludes gasoline, diesel, and electric. In this study, weemissions from diesel-truck delivery and electric generation

Wang, Guihua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 Fact 858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest...

465

SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline Engines SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline Engines Presentation given at the...

466

Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: In order to illustrate and quantify, to a large extent, the various market forces driving gasoline prices, we begin by decomposing those factors according to their location within the supply chain, i.e., the international crude market, U.S. wholesale gasoline markets, and the retail segment. Historically, variation in gasoline prices usually stems from changes in crude oil prices. As the major feedstock in the production of gasoline, shifts in the balance between supply and demand in crude markets explain a large portion of observed movements at the retail level. But shifts in the wholesale gasoline supply/demand balance also contribute to price pressure or movements at both the wholesale and retail levels beyond that stemming from crude oil markets.

467

DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline April 20, 2006 - 12:26pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today is reminding consumers about the Department of Energy's (DOE) gasoline price reporting system. Consumers can report activity at local gasoline filling stations that they believe may constitute "gouging" or "price fixing" by visiting gaswatch.energy.gov/. "There are many legitimate factors influencing the price consumers are paying at the pump, including growing demand, the high price of crude oil, the lingering effects of last summer's hurricanes on our refining sector and the regular transition of fuel blends as we head into the summer," said Secretary Bodman. "And while the majority of local merchants are fair and

468

Integrated process offers lower gas-to-gasoline investment  

SciTech Connect

Many natural gas fields are in remote locations and of a size which cannot justify construction of a pipeline or liquified natural gas (LNG) plant. In these situations, the natural gas price can be low and the manufacture of gasoline an attractive alternative to producing ammonia or other petro-chemicals. Haldor Topsoe A/S has developed an integrated process scheme to convert natural-gas-derived synthesis gas to gasoline in a single loop. The process, Topsoe integrated gasoline synthesis (Tigas), incorporates Mobil's methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process. The first step is a synthesis of oxygenates. The second step is the MTG process run at conditions selected to achieve optimum operation of the integrated loop. An industrial pilot plant has been in operation since January 1984. The plant has been running successfully, with long catalyst life, producing high-octane gasoline.

Topp-Jorgensen, J.; Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R.

1986-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

469

Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry During Lean NOx Trap Regeneration  

SciTech Connect

Lean NOx Trap (LNT) catalysts can effectively reduce NOx from lean engine exhaust. Significant research for LNTs in diesel engine applications has been performed and has led to commercialization of the technology. For lean gasoline engine applications, advanced direct injection engines have led to a renewed interest in the potential for lean gasoline vehicles and, thereby, a renewed demand for lean NOx control. To understand the gasoline-based reductant chemistry during regeneration, a BMW lean gasoline vehicle has been studied on a chassis dynamometer. Exhaust samples were collected and analyzed for key reductant species such as H2, CO, NH3, and hydrocarbons during transient drive cycles. The relation of the reductant species to LNT performance will be discussed. Furthermore, the challenges of NOx storage in the lean gasoline application are reviewed.

Choi, Jae-Soon [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Partridge Jr, William P [ORNL] [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Gasoline prices, gasoline consumption, and new-vehicle fuel economy: Evidence for a large sample of countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Countries differ considerably in terms of the price drivers pay for gasoline. This paper uses data for 132 countries for the period 19952008 to investigate the implications of these differences for the consumption of gasoline for road transport. To address the potential for simultaneity bias, we use both a country's oil reserves and the international crude oil price as instruments for a country's average gasoline pump price. We obtain estimates of the long-run price elasticity of gasoline demand of between ?0.2 and ?0.5. Using newly available data for a sub-sample of 43 countries, we also find that higher gasoline prices induce consumers to substitute to vehicles that are more fuel-efficient, with an estimated elasticity of +0.2. Despite the small size of our elasticity estimates, there is considerable scope for low-price countries to achieve gasoline savings and vehicle fuel economy improvements via reducing gasoline subsidies and/or increasing gasoline taxes.

Paul J. Burke; Shuhei Nishitateno

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

GASOLINE VEHICLE EXHAUST PARTICLE SAMPLING STUDY  

SciTech Connect

The University of Minnesota collaborated with the Paul Scherrer Institute, the University of Wisconsin (UWI) and Ricardo, Inc to physically and chemically characterize the exhaust plume from recruited gasoline spark ignition (SI) vehicles. The project objectives were: (1) Measure representative particle size distributions from a set of on-road SI vehicles and compare these data to similar data collected on a small subset of light-duty gasoline vehicles tested on a chassis dynamometer with a dilution tunnel using the Unified Drive Cycle, at both room temperature (cold start) and 0 C (cold-cold start). (2) Compare data collected from SI vehicles to similar data collected from Diesel engines during the Coordinating Research Council E-43 project. (3) Characterize on-road aerosol during mixed midweek traffic and Sunday midday periods and determine fleet-specific emission rates. (4) Characterize bulk- and size-segregated chemical composition of the particulate matter (PM) emitted in the exhaust from the gasoline vehicles. Particle number concentrations and size distributions are strongly influenced by dilution and sampling conditions. Laboratory methods were evaluated to dilute SI exhaust in a way that would produce size distributions that were similar to those measured during laboratory experiments. Size fractionated samples were collected for chemical analysis using a nano-microorifice uniform deposit impactor (nano-MOUDI). In addition, bulk samples were collected and analyzed. A mixture of low, mid and high mileage vehicles were recruited for testing during the study. Under steady highway cruise conditions a significant particle signature above background was not measured, but during hard accelerations number size distributions for the test fleet were similar to modern heavy-duty Diesel vehicles. Number emissions were much higher at high speed and during cold-cold starts. Fuel specific number emissions range from 1012 to 3 x 1016 particles/kg fuel. A simple relationship between number and mass emissions was not observed. Data were collected on-road to compare weekday with weekend air quality around the Twin Cities area. This portion of the study resulted in the development of a method to apportion the Diesel and SI contribution to on-road aerosol.

Kittelson, D; Watts, W; Johnson, J; Zarling, D Schauer,J Kasper, K; Baltensperger, U; Burtscher, H

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

472

59935Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 188 / Wednesday, September 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 6324, Silver Spring, MD 20993­0002, 301--DESIGNATION OF CLASS A, B, C, D, AND E AIRSPACE AREAS; AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE ROUTES; AND REPORTING POINTS 1, on September 17, 2010. Myron A. Jenkins, Acting Manager, Operations Support Group, Eastern Service Center, Air

Biederman, Irving

473

Work process analysis: a necessary step in the development of decision support systems. An aviation safety case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......needs identified? A review of the literature [1...human perspective. A review of the literature also...systematically analyze, plan and organize processes...considerations, legal or regulatory compliance, or potential...of this approach is a review of the as-is state......

H.W Allen; M.L Abate

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

A flight test system for the determination of the stability and control derivatives of a general aviation aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and flight modes. Maneuvers were performed that would yield the most useful data for determining stability and control derivatives. Flight tests were performed for various airspeeds, altitudes, and aircraft configurations. Takeoff, landing, cruise and engine...

Oehl, David Christopher

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Impact of Aviation Non-CO2 Combustion Effects on the Environmental Feasibility of Alternative Jet Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Materials and Methods ... The purely paraffinic nature and lack of sulfur present in SPK fuels has been shown to cause changes in the combustion emissions from gas turbine engines;(13-16) hence, the purpose of this paper is 2-fold: (1) develop ratios by which the CO2 from combustion can be scaled to include the climate forcing from non-CO2 combustion effects of conventional jet fuel and SPK, and (2) quantify how including non-CO2 combustion species within the fuel life cycle changes the merit of alternative jet fuels relative to conventional jet fuel from the perspective of climate change. ... We thank Mr. Chris Dorbian, Mrs. Hsin Min Wong, Prof. Steven Barrett, Prof. Jessika Trancik, and Prof. Ian Waitz for their help in improving the quality of the work presented herein as well as Warren Gillette and Lourdes Maurice, of FAA, and Tim Edwards and Bill Harrison, both of AFRL, for their leadership in managing this project. ...

Russell W. Stratton; Philip J. Wolfe; James I. Hileman

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

476

9th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference (ATIO) Effects of Fuel Prices on Air Transportation Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fluctuations in terms of fuel prices, seasonality, distance flown, competition, and other economic impacts, La Guardia. I. Introduction Fuel prices have increased 131% over the past four years as shown by the average air carrier cost factors shown in figure 1. This fluctuation of fuel prices, followed

477

Mass-customization in commercial real estate : how the aviation industry can help us create beautiful buildings that add value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The term "mass-customization" in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry refers to architectural elements that have similar purpose but are completely different from each other. Architects use ...

Goldklang, Shaul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Implementation Guide - Performance Indicators (Metrics ) for Use with DOE O 440.2B, Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Guide provides information regarding specific provisions of DOE O 440.2B and is intended to be useful in understanding and implementing performance indicators (metrics) required by the Order. Cancels DOE G 440.2B-1. Canceled by DOE N 251.98.

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

479

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

480

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the com- pound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Interme- diate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 de- grees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specifica- tion D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gal- lons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aviation gasoline aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

482

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the com- pound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Interme- diate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 de- grees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specifica- tion D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gal- lons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline

483

2003 California Gasoline Price Study (preliminary version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 2003 California Gasoline Price Study: Preliminary Findings May 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of John Cook, Director, Petroleum Division. Questions concerning the report may be directed to Joanne Shore (202/586-4677),

484

Gasoline: An adaptable implementation of TreeSPH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key algorithms and features of the Gasoline code for parallel hydrodynamics with self-gravity are described. Gasoline is an extension of the efficient Pkdgrav parallel N-body code using smoothed particle hydrodynamics. Accuracy measurements, performance analysis and tests of the code are presented. Recent successful Gasoline applications are summarized. These cover a diverse set of areas in astrophysics including galaxy clusters, galaxy formation and gas-giant planets. Future directions for gasdynamical simulations in astrophysics and code development strategies for tackling cutting edge problems are discussed.

Wadsley, J; Quinn, T; Wadsley, James; Stadel, Joachim; Quinn, Thomas

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Gasoline: An adaptable implementation of TreeSPH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key algorithms and features of the Gasoline code for parallel hydrodynamics with self-gravity are described. Gasoline is an extension of the efficient Pkdgrav parallel N-body code using smoothed particle hydrodynamics. Accuracy measurements, performance analysis and tests of the code are presented. Recent successful Gasoline applications are summarized. These cover a diverse set of areas in astrophysics including galaxy clusters, galaxy formation and gas-giant planets. Future directions for gasdynamical simulations in astrophysics and code development strategies for tackling cutting edge problems are discussed.

James Wadsley; Joachim Stadel; Thomas Quinn

2003-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

486

New EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label - Gasoline Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Fuel Economy In addition to the MPG estimates displayed on previous labels, combined city/highway fuel use is also given in terms of gallons per 100 miles. New! Fuel Economy & Greenhouse Gas Rating Use this scale to compare vehicles based on tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change. New! Smog Rating You can now compare vehicles based on tailpipe emissions of smog-forming air pollutants. New! Five-Year Fuel Savings This compares the five-year fuel cost of the vehicle to that of an average gasoline vehicle. The assumptions used to calculate these costs are listed at the bottom of the label. Annual Fuel Cost This cost is based on the combined city/highway MPG estimate and assumptions about driving and fuel prices listed at the bottom of the

487

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

99.2 - 105.3 See footnotes at end of table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

488

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

66.6 - 72.3 See footnotes at end of table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

489

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

133.6 - 276.4 See footnotes at end of table. 220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

490

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

201.3 - 453.3 See footnotes at end of table. 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

491

Fact #639: September 6, 2010 Gasoline Tax Rates by State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Excise Tax on motor gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon for all states. Each state applies additional taxes which vary from state to state. As of July 2010, Alaska had the lowest overall...

492

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

493

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vehicles currently in service. FedEx Express has deployed 20 gasoline hybrid electric vehicles (gHEVs) on parcel delivery routes in the Sacramento and Los Angeles areas. This...

494

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

495

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4 12 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

496

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.61 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 5.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

497

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly (long version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

498

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago and down 13 cents from a month ago, based on the weekly...

499

U.S. average gasoline price up slightly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up a tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

500

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....