National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for avian trv derivation

  1. Thermostatic Radiator Valve (TRV) Demonstration Project. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    This research measured the energy savings associated with installing thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs) on one-pipe low-pressure steam systems in New York City multifamily buildings. There were three primary objectives: to determine whether fuel consumption was lower in buildings using TRVs; to determine if occupants would accept the TRVs; and to determine if overheating in apartments could be eliminated using TRVs. Eight buildings, ranging in size from 15 to 26 apartments, were monitored for three years. Each building was audited to determine fuel history and quick-payback energy conservation measures. The project covered three phases; phase-1 consisted of installing low-cost energy conservation measures such as pipe insulation, air vents and burner tune-tips; determining each building`s baseline energy use, and recording baseline apartment temperatures. TRV installations occurred in phases 2 and 3. In phase-2, TRVs were installed in half the apartments in four buildings. In phase-3, TRVs were installed in the remainder of the apartments. Experimental results were conclusive. Buildings with overheated apartments achieved energy savings through the installation of TRVs. The authors research shows an average reduction of 9.45% in space heating energy use occurred with partial installation of TRVs, and savings of 15.5% were achieved after full installation. Buildings with the highest average apartment temperatures during the base year showed the greatest energy savings. Simple payback, based on an installed price of $50 per TRV, averaged 3.1 years.

  2. Avian Flu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckburg, Paul

    2006-11-06

    Since 2003, a severe form of H5N1 avian influenza has rapidly spread throughout Asia and Europe, infecting over 200 humans in 10 countries. The spread of H5N1 virus from person-to-person has been rare, thus preventing the emergence of a widespread pandemic. However, this ongoing epidemic continues to pose an important public health threat. Avian flu and its pandemic potential in humans will be discussed.

  3. Human adaptation of avian influenza viruses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Karunya

    2012-01-01

    Human adaptation of avian influenza viruses pose an enormous public health challenge as the human population is predominantly naive to avian influenza antigens. As such, constant surveillance is needed to monitor the ...

  4. Avian sex chromosomes: dosage compensation matters. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQueen, Heather A; Clinton, Michael

    2009-01-01

    of such dosage compensated genes can be found on the short arm of the Z chromosome. The implications of this new picture of avian dosage compensation for avian sex determination are discussed, along with a possible mechanism of avian dosage compensation....

  5. Gender determination of avian embryo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

  6. Molecular studies of avian leukosis virus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mozisek, Blayne Myron

    2007-04-25

    ). These endogenous retroviruses have been reported in six classes of vertebrates and have become the subject of intense investigation (66). Of particular interest are the mammalian and avian endogenous retroviruses (AERs). This interest stems in large part from... the recent finding that AERs were a contributing factor to the emergence of a novel, highly infectious subgroup of ALV, subgroup J (148). To date, three groups of AERs have been described: 1) the ev loci, 2) the endogenous avian retrovirus family (EAV...

  7. Proceedings of National Avian-Wind Power Planning Meeting IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NWCC Avian Subcommittee

    2001-05-01

    OAK-B135 The purpose of the fourth meeting was to (1) share research and update research conducted on avian wind interactions (2) identify questions and issues related to the research results, (3) develop conclusions about some avian/wind power issues, and (4) identify questions and issues for future avian research.

  8. A quantitative method to analyze the quality of EIA information in wind energy development and avian/bat assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Tony, E-mail: tc282@nau.edu [Environmental Science and Policy Program, School of Earth Science and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, 602 S Humphreys P.O. Box 5694, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011 (United States); Nielsen, Erik, E-mail: erik.nielsen@nau.edu [Environmental Science and Policy Program, School of Earth Science and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, 602 S Humphreys P.O. Box 5694, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011 (United States); Auberle, William, E-mail: william.auberle@nau.edu [Civil and Environmental Engineering Program, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northern Arizona University, 2112 S Huffer Ln P.O. Box 15600, Flagstaff, AZ, 860011 (United States); Solop, Frederic I., E-mail: fred.solop@nau.edu [Political Science Program, Department of Politics and International Affairs, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 15036, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States)

    2013-01-15

    The environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been a tool for decision makers since the enactment of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Since that time, few analyses have been performed to verify the quality of information and content within EIAs. High quality information within assessments is vital in order for decision makers, stake holders, and the public to understand the potential impact of proposed actions on the ecosystem and wildlife species. Low quality information has been a major cause for litigation and economic loss. Since 1999, wind energy development has seen an exponential growth with unknown levels of impact on wildlife species, in particular bird and bat species. The purpose of this article is to: (1) develop, validate, and apply a quantitative index to review avian/bat assessment quality for wind energy EIAs; and (2) assess the trends and status of avian/bat assessment quality in a sample of wind energy EIAs. This research presents the development and testing of the Avian and Bat Assessment Quality Index (ABAQI), a new approach to quantify information quality of ecological assessments within wind energy development EIAs in relation to avian and bat species based on review areas and factors derived from 23 state wind/wildlife siting guidance documents. The ABAQI was tested through a review of 49 publicly available EIA documents and validated by identifying high variation in avian and bat assessments quality for wind energy developments. Of all the reviewed EIAs, 66% failed to provide high levels of preconstruction avian and bat survey information, compared to recommended factors from state guidelines. This suggests the need for greater consistency from recommended guidelines by state, and mandatory compliance by EIA preparers to avoid possible habitat and species loss, wind energy development shut down, and future lawsuits. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We developed, validated, and applied a quantitative index to review avian/bat assessment quality for wind energy EIAs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We assessed the trends and status of avian/bat assessment quality in a sample of wind energy EIAs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Applied index to 49 EIA documents and identified high variation in assessment quality for wind energy developments. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For the reviewed EIAs, 66% provided inadequate preconstruction avian and bat survey information.

  9. EA-1782: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    are likely to be minimal and not biologically significant." (Phase I Avian Risk Assessment, Kerlinger and Guarnaccia, January 2010, incorporated as Appendix D to DOE...

  10. Avian Conservation Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump|LineMaine: EnergyAvanzit SA Jump to:Avian

  11. Coherent light scattering of ultraviolet light by avian feather barbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prum, Richard O.; Andersson, Staffan; Torres, Rodolfo H.

    2003-04-05

    Ultraviolet (UV) structural colors of avian feathers are produced by the spongy medullary keratin of feather barbs, but various physical mechanisms have been hypothesized to produce those colors, including Rayleigh scattering, Mie scattering...

  12. NREL: Solar Research - Report Targets Data on Avian Issues at...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report Targets Data on Avian Issues at Solar Energy Facilities May 4, 2015 Understanding how birds are affected by utility-scale solar facilities is the focus of a new NREL report...

  13. Roles for extra-hypothalamic oscillators in the avian clock 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaganis, Stephen Paul

    2009-05-15

    Avian circadian clocks are composed of a distributed network of neural and peripheral oscillators. Three neural pacemakers, located in the pineal, the eyes, and the hypothalamus, control circadian rhythms of many biological ...

  14. Geographic drivers of avian diversification in the Philippine archipelago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosner, Peter A.

    2014-05-31

    I investigate the relative roles of different classes of geographical barriers in the diversification of the Philippine avifauna, by inferring the evolutionary relationships of 20 avian groups with DNA sequence data. In chapter one, I reconstruct...

  15. NREL: Technology Transfer - Report Targets Data on Avian Issues...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report Targets Data on Avian Issues at Solar Energy Facilities May 4, 2015 Understanding how birds are affected by utility-scale solar facilities is the focus of a new NREL report...

  16. Risk mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza distribution and spread

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Williams, Richard A.J.

    2008-01-01

    . 2005, Kwon et al. 2005, OIE 2005). Recent inoculation experiments have indicated that landbirds can be infected and can become viremic to the point of being infective to other individuals, albeit not commonly (Boon et al. 2007). Particularly of concern.... Movements of birds and avian influenza from Asia into Alaska. Emerging Infectious Diseases 13:547-552. World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). 2005. Rapport de mission: mission to Russia to assess the avian influenza situation in wildlife...

  17. Ascorbic acid inhibits replication and infectivity of avian RNA tumor virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BISSELL, MINA J

    2011-01-01

    of avian RNA tumor virus MINA J. BISSELL, CARROLL HATIE,ability of avian tumor viruses to replicate in both prmaryembryo fibroblasts. The virus-infected cultures appear to be

  18. Functional Differences in Avian Colour Vision: A Behavioural Test of Critical Flicker Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Functional Differences in Avian Colour Vision: A Behavioural Test of Critical Flicker Fusion response ...................................................6 Visual perception in artificial environments

  19. State Transitions and Decoherence in the Avian Compass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishvendra Singh Poonia; Dipankar Saha; Swaroop Ganguly

    2015-01-28

    The radical pair model has been successful in explaining behavioral characteristics of the geomagnetic compass believed to underlie the navigation capability of certain avian species. In this study, the spin dynamics of the radical pair model and decoherence therein are interpreted from a microscopic state transition point of view. This helps to elucidate the interplay between the hyperfine and Zeeman interactions that enables the avian compass, and the distinctive effects of nuclear and environmental decoherence on it. Using a quantum information theoretic quantifier of coherence, we find that nuclear decoherence induces new structure in the spin dynamics without materially affecting the compass action; environmental decoherence, on the other hand, completely disrupts it.

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Predicting Avian Abundance Within and Across Tidal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    ORIGINAL PAPER Predicting Avian Abundance Within and Across Tidal Marshes Using Fine Scientists 2010 Abstract Tidal marsh monitoring and restoration can benefit from the union of fine developed statistical models with relatively high explanatory power. In each case, models were improved

  1. MODELING SEASONALITY IN AVIAN INFLUENZA H5N1 NECIBE TUNCER AND MAIA MARTCHEVA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martcheva, Maia

    of highly pathogenic avian influenza R0 = 1.06. The best fitted model is a simple SI epidemic model in Hong Kong, in 1997, the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) of subtype H5N1 continues to infect that humanity faces today[52]. The fear stems from the possibility that the now zoonotic microorganism may

  2. Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Dustin R.

    Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder Julia A-00824 Keywords: avian song communication cooperative breeding sexual dimorphism sexual selection social in reduced plumage and size dimorphism. To further examine patterns of sexual dimorphism in signalling traits

  3. IMPRINTED MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR BIOIN-SPIRED DETECTION OF AVIAN INFLUNZA VIRUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IMPRINTED MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR BIOIN- SPIRED DETECTION OF AVIAN INFLUNZA VIRUS USING NANOWIRES for the detection of avian influenza virus. A roll-to-roll im- printed microfluidic device suitable for simple process were integrated to the designed microfluidic chip (Figure 1). Using this system, we developed

  4. The avian influenza virus H5N1 -possible concequences for the NTNU animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    The avian influenza virus H5N1 - possible concequences for the NTNU animal facilities Bi8091 Autumn The avian influenza virus H5N1 _______________________________________________ 5 Virology of H5N1_________________________________________________________ 5 How does the virus infect? _________________________________________________ 7 Characteristics

  5. Reconstruction of gross avian genome structure, organization and evolution suggests that the chicken lineage most closely resembles the dinosaur avian ancestor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romanov, Michael N.; Farré, Marta; Lithgow, Pamela E.; Fowler, Katie E.; Skinner, Benjamin M.; O’Connor, Rebecca; Fonseka, Gothami; Backström, Niclas; Matsuda, Yoichi; Nishida, Chizuko; Houde, Peter; Jarvis, Erich D.; Ellegren, Hans; Burt, David W.; Larkin, Denis M.; Griffin, Darren K.

    2014-12-11

    of ancestral chromosome rearrangements. Evo- lution Highway screenshots for avian species and lizard outgroup compared to chicken chromosomes 5 and 11 are illustrated in Figure 1 (these chromosomes chosen throughout as they give the clearest representative exam...

  6. Microsoft Word - S04801_Avian2008 _2_ revised.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbinsMonumentThird Five-YearFinal Report Avian Wetland

  7. Structure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu Antigen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect PhotovoltaicsStructure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu Antigen Print

  8. Structure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu Antigen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect PhotovoltaicsStructure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu Antigen

  9. Structure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu Antigen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect PhotovoltaicsStructure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu

  10. Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza: Entry pathways into North America via bird migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Benz, Brett W.; Pape?, Monica

    2007-02-28

    Given the possibility of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza arriving in North America and monitoring programs that have been established to detect and track it, we review intercontinental movements of birds. We divided 157 bird species showing...

  11. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  12. Understanding social amplification of risk : possible impact of an avian flu pandemic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundrani, Aamir (Aamir Sultan)

    2007-01-01

    Today, stakeholders expect organizations to be able to endure external shocks. Hence, the real potential of an avian flu pandemic has many corporations developing business continuity plans for the disruptions that a pandemic ...

  13. The Economics of Animal Health: The Case of Avian Influenza in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ifft, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    16 3 Demand for Chicken Varieties in Northern Vietnam 22 3.1HPAI Outbreaks in Vietnam . . . . . . 17 4.8.1 ExperimentalChicken Producers in Vietnam to Highly Pathogenic Avian In?

  14. Studies on the molecular epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of avian mycobacteriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saggese, Miguel Daniel

    2009-05-15

    We investigated the molecular epidemiology, differential susceptibility to infection and disease, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of avian mycobacteriosis in captive ringneck doves (Streptopelia risoria) and in the endangered white-winged duck...

  15. ECOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY OF AVIAN VIRUSES USING NICHE MODELS AND WILD BIRD SURVEILLANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A.J.

    2010-12-14

    The emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza strain H5N1 (hereafter "H5N1"), and other bird-associated viruses, have raised serious concerns about impacts on human, livestock, and wildlife populations. Ecological ...

  16. 3/27/20093/27/2009 Monitoring the effect of coastal development on avianMonitoring the effect of coastal development on avian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    of coastal development on avian migration stopover habitat in Sian Ka'an Biospheremigration stopover habitat in Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, Quintana Roo, MexicoReserve, Quintana Roo, Mexico A proposal presented.borealbirds.org Spring migrationFall migration Breeding grounds (Keast and Morton, 1980 in Petit, 2000) Stopover

  17. Derived Types What Are Derived Types?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Derived Types #12;What Are Derived Types? As usual, a hybrid of two, unrelated concepts C++, Python orientation comes in #12;Simple Derived Types TYPE Wheel INTEGER :: spokes REAL :: diameter, width CHARACTER(LEN=15) :: material END TYPE Wheel That defines a derived type Wheel Using derived types needs a special

  18. Derived Types What Are Derived Types?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Derived Types #12;What Are Derived Types? As usual, a hybrid of two, unrelated concepts C object orientation comes in This course will only describe the former. #12;Simple Derived Types TYPE That defines a derived type Wheel Using derived types needs a special syntax TYPE(Wheel) :: w1 #12;More

  19. Comparison of Avian Responses to UV-Light-Reflective Paint on Wind Turbines: Subcontract Report, July 1999--December 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, D. P., Jr.; Erickson, W. P.; Strickland, M. D.; Good, R. E.; Sernka, K. J.

    2003-01-01

    To reduce the numbers of avian collisions with wind turbines, several measures have been employed with various levels of success. One hypothesis is that painting turbine blades to increase their visibility may reduce avian fatalities. This study examined the effects of painting wind turbine blades with UV-reflective paint on bird use and mortality at the Foote Creek Rim Wind Plant in Carbon County, Wyoming.

  20. DERIVED FUNCTORS GROTHENDIECK DUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Joseph

    NOTES ON DERIVED FUNCTORS AND GROTHENDIECK DUALITY Joseph Lipman In Foundations of Grothendieck the basics of derived categories and functors, and of the rich formalism, over ringed spaces, of the derived of the derived functor Rf when f is a quasi-proper map of concentrated schemes, the twisted inverse image

  1. Absolute Time Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Matolcsi; P. Van

    2006-10-23

    A four dimensional treatment of nonrelativistic space-time gives a natural frame to deal with objective time derivatives. In this framework some well known objective time derivatives of continuum mechanics appear as Lie-derivatives. Their coordinatized forms depends on the tensorial properties of the relevant physical quantities. We calculate the particular forms of objective time derivatives for scalars, vectors, covectors and different second order tensors from the point of view of a rotating observer. The relation of substantial, material and objective time derivatives is treated.

  2. Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory avian research program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, K.C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Morrison, M.L. [California State Univ., Sacramento, CA (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences

    1997-06-01

    As wind energy use continues to expand, concern over the possible impacts of wind farms on birds continues to be an issue. The concern includes two primary areas: the effect of avian mortality on bird populations, and possible litigation over the killing of even one bird if it is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act or the Endangered Species Act or both. In order to address these concerns, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working collaboratively with all stakeholders including utilities, environmental groups, consumer advocates, utility regulators, government officials, and the wind industry, has an active avian-wind power research program. DOE/NREL is conducting and sponsoring research with the expectation of developing solutions to educe or avoid avian mortality due to wind energy development throughout the US. This paper outlines the DOE/NREL approach and summarizes completed, current, and planned projects.

  3. Effects of Precommercial Thinning and Midstory Control on Avian and Small Mammal Communities during Longleaf Pine Savanna Restoration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lane, Vanessa R; Kilgo, John C

    2015-01-01

    Abstract - Restoring longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) savanna is a goal of many southern land managers, and longleaf plantations may provide a mechanism for savanna restoration. However, the effects of silvicultural treatments used in the management of longleaf pine plantations on wildlife communities are relatively unknown. Beginning in 1994, we examined effects of longleaf pine restoration with plantation silviculture on avian and small mammal communities using four treatments in four 8- to 11- year-old plantations within the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. Treatments included prescribed burning every 3 to 5 years, plus: (1) no additional treatment (burn-only control); (2) precommercial thinning; (3) non-pine woody control with herbicides; and (4) combined thinning and woody control. We surveyed birds (1996-2003) using 50-m point counts and small mammals with removal trapping. Thinning and woody control alone had short-lived effects on avian communities, and the combination treatment increased avian parameters over the burn-only control in all years. Small mammal abundance showed similar trends as avian abundance for all three treatments when compared with the burn-only control, but only for 2 years post-treatment. Both avian and small mammal communities were temporarily enhanced by controlling woody vegetation with chemicals in addition to prescribed fire and thinning. Therefore, precommercial thinning in longleaf plantations, particularly when combined with woody control and prescribed fire, may benefit early-successional avian and small mammal communities by developing stand conditions more typical of natural longleaf stands maintained by periodic fire.

  4. POST-CONSTRUCTION AVIAN AND BAT IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE WIND TURBINE IN LEWES, DE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    POST-CONSTRUCTION AVIAN AND BAT IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE WIND TURBINE-831-1306 In May 2010, a Gamesa G90 2.0 megawatt wind turbine was erected in Lewes, DE through a collaborative Developments, Inc. The turbine was commissioned and began generating electricity in June 2010. The turbine has

  5. Credit derivatives in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rüther, Henrique

    2007-01-01

    The amounts outstanding of credit derivatives have grown exponentially over the past years, and these financial intruments that allow market participants to trade credit risk have become very popular in Europe and in the ...

  6. Definitions Derived from Neutrosophics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florentin Smarandache

    2003-01-28

    Thirty-three new definitions are presented, derived from neutrosophic set, neutrosophic probability, neutrosophic statistics, and neutrosophic logic. Each one is independent, short, with references and cross references like in a dictionary style.

  7. Dear friends and bird-lovers: Too often in the world of non-profit organizations like the Avian Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    go to Mill Pond Press, as well as renowned painters, Robert Bateman and Paul Rupert, for generously with Miss Piggy, a red-tailed hawk living at the Ecomuseum. Vol. 5 2004 THE TALONNewsletter of the Avian

  8. Session: Avian migration and implications for wind power development in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mabey, Sarah; Cooper, Brian

    2004-09-01

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The session was arranged to convey what is known about avian migration, particularly in the eastern US. The first presentation ''Migration Ecology: Issues of Scale and Behavior'' by Sarah Mabey frames the issue of migratory bird interactions with wind energy facilities from an ecological perspective: when, where, and why are migrant bird species vulnerable to wind turbine collision. The second presentation ''Radar Studies of Nocturnal Migration at Wind Sites in the Eastern US'' by Brian Cooper reported on radar studies conducted at wind sites in the eastern US, including Mount Storm, Clipper Wind, and others.

  9. Pushing schedule derivation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henriquez, B. [Compania Siderurgica Huachipato S.A., Talcahuano (Chile)

    1996-12-31

    The development of a Pushing Schedule Derivation Method has allowed the company to sustain the maximum production rate at CSH`s Coke Oven Battery, in spite of having single set oven machinery with a high failure index as well as a heat top tendency. The stated method provides for scheduled downtime of up to two hours for machinery maintenance purposes, periods of empty ovens for decarbonization and production loss recovery capability, while observing lower limits and uniformity of coking time.

  10. Role and Importance of NS1 Protein of Avian Influenza Virus to Grow in the Presence of Interferon and Evaluation of the NS1 Mutant Viruses as Potential DIVA Vaccines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brahmakshatriya, Vinayak

    2010-10-12

    A proper vaccination program can play a critical role in prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) in commercial poultry. Low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIV) of H5 and H7 AI subtypes cause serious economic losses to the poultry...

  11. Higher-derivative Schwinger model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amaral, R.L.P.G.; Belvedere, L.V.; Lemos, N.A. (Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de Sao Joao Batista s/n, 24020 Centro, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)); Natividade, C.P. (Departamento de Matematica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus de Guaratingueta, 12500 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

    1993-04-15

    Using the operator formalism, we obtain the bosonic representation for the free fermion field satisfying an equation of motion with higher-order derivatives. Then, we consider the operator solution of a generalized Schwinger model with higher-derivative coupling. Since the increasing of the derivative order implies the introduction of an equivalent number of extra fermionic degrees of freedom, the mass acquired by the gauge field is bigger than the one for the standard two-dimensional QED. An analysis of the problem from the functional integration point of view corroborates the findings of canonical quantization, and corrects certain results previously announced in the literature on the basis of Fujikawa's technique.

  12. A luciferase reporter gene assay and aryl hydrocarbon receptor 1 genotype predict the LD{sub 50} of polychlorinated biphenyls in avian species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manning, Gillian E., E-mail: gmann017@uottawa.ca [Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5 (Canada); Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0H3 (Canada); Farmahin, Reza, E-mail: mfarm070@uottawa.ca [Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5 (Canada) [Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5 (Canada); Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0H3 (Canada); Crump, Doug, E-mail: doug.crump@ec.gc.ca [Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0H3 (Canada)] [Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0H3 (Canada); Jones, Stephanie P., E-mail: stephanie.jones@ec.gc.ca [Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0H3 (Canada); Klein, Jeff, E-mail: jeffery@well-labs.com [Wellington Laboratories Inc., Research Division, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 3M5 (Canada)] [Wellington Laboratories Inc., Research Division, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 3M5 (Canada); Konstantinov, Alex, E-mail: alex@well-labs.com [Wellington Laboratories Inc., Research Division, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 3M5 (Canada)] [Wellington Laboratories Inc., Research Division, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 3M5 (Canada); Potter, Dave, E-mail: dpotter@well-labs.com [Wellington Laboratories Inc., Research Division, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 3M5 (Canada)] [Wellington Laboratories Inc., Research Division, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 3M5 (Canada); Kennedy, Sean W., E-mail: sean.kennedy@ec.gc.ca [Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5 (Canada); Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0H3 (Canada)

    2012-09-15

    Birds differ in sensitivity to the embryotoxic effects of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which complicates environmental risk assessments for these chemicals. Recent research has shown that the identities of amino acid residues 324 and 380 in the avian aryl hydrocarbon receptor 1 (AHR1) ligand binding domain (LBD) are primarily responsible for differences in avian species sensitivity to selected dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans. A luciferase reporter gene (LRG) assay was developed in our laboratory to measure AHR1-mediated induction of a cytochrome P450 1A5 reporter gene in COS-7 cells transfected with different avian AHR1 constructs. In the present study, the LRG assay was used to measure the concentration-dependent effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), and PCBs 126, 77, 105 and 118 on luciferase activity in COS-7 cells transfected with AHR1 constructs representative of 86 avian species in order to predict their sensitivity to PCB-induced embryolethality and the relative potency of PCBs in these species. The results of the LRG assay indicate that the identity of amino acid residues 324 and 380 in the AHR1 LBD are the major determinants of avian species sensitivity to PCBs. The relative potency of PCBs did not differ greatly among AHR1 constructs. Luciferase activity was significantly correlated with embryolethality data obtained from the literature (R{sup 2} ? 0.87, p < 0.0001). Thus, the LRG assay in combination with the knowledge of a species' AHR1 LBD sequence can be used to predict PCB-induced embryolethality in potentially any avian species of interest without the use of lethal methods on a large number of individuals. -- Highlights: ? PCB embryolethality in birds can be predicted from a species' AHR1 genotype. ? The reporter gene assay is useful for predicting species sensitivity to PCBs. ? The relative potency of PCBs does not appear to differ between AHR1 genotypes. ? Contamination of PCB 105 and PCB 118 did not affect their relative potency values.

  13. Derivative

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) AugustA. GeographicYucca fault (Class A)10 |

  14. Sol-gel derived sorbents

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sigman, Michael E.; Dindal, Amy B.

    2003-11-11

    Described is a method for producing copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent particles for the production of copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent material. The method for producing copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent particles comprises adding a basic solution to an aqueous metal alkoxide mixture for a pH.ltoreq.8 to hydrolyze the metal alkoxides. Then, allowing the mixture to react at room temperature for a precalculated period of time for the mixture to undergo an increased in viscosity to obtain a desired pore size and surface area. The copolymerized mixture is then added to an immiscible, nonpolar solvent that has been heated to a sufficient temperature wherein the copolymerized mixture forms a solid upon the addition. The solid is recovered from the mixture, and is ready for use in an active sampling trap or activated for use in a passive sampling trap.

  15. Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walsh, Myles A. (Falmouth, MA); Morris, Robert S. (Fairhaven, MA)

    1986-09-16

    Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorbtion agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure.

  16. Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walsh, M.A.; Morris, R.S.

    1986-09-16

    Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorption agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure. 3 figs.

  17. Comparison of avian species diversity and densities on non-mined and reclaimed surface-mined land in east-central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Dawn Nicole

    2006-10-30

    -1 COMPARISON OF AVIAN SPECIES DIVERSITY AND DENSITIES ON NON-MINED AND RECLAIMED SURFACE-MINED LAND IN EAST-CENTRAL TEXAS A Thesis by DAWN NICOLE WENZEL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... ON NON-MINED AND RECLAIMED SURFACE-MINED LAND IN EAST-CENTRAL TEXAS A Thesis by DAWN NICOLE WENZEL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  18. DERIVED CATEGORIES AND TILTING BERNHARD KELLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernhard - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    DERIVED CATEGORIES AND TILTING BERNHARD KELLER Abstract. We review the basic definitions of derived categories and deri* *ved functors. We that each tilting triple yields an* * equiv- alence between derived categories. We establish its

  19. Quaternion Derivatives: The GHR Calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongpo Xu; Cyrus Jahanchahi; Clive C. Took; Danilo P. Mandic

    2014-09-25

    Quaternion derivatives in the mathematical literature are typically defined only for analytic (regular) functions. However, in engineering problems, functions of interest are often real-valued and thus not analytic, such as the standard cost function. The HR calculus is a convenient way to calculate formal derivatives of both analytic and non-analytic functions of quaternion variables, however, both the HR and other functional calculus in quaternion analysis have encountered an essential technical obstacle, that is, the traditional product rule is invalid due to the non- commutativity of the quaternion algebra. To address this issue, a generalized form of the HR derivative is proposed based on a general orthogonal system. The so introduced generalization, called the generalized HR (GHR) calculus, encompasses not just the left- and right-hand versions of quaternion derivative, but also enables solutions to some long standing problems, such as the novel product rule, the chain rule, the mean-valued theorem and Taylor's theorem. At the core of the proposed approach is the quaternion rotation, which can naturally be applied to other functional calculi in non-commutative settings. Examples on using the GHR calculus in adaptive signal processing support the analysis.

  20. DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR SOLAR FLARES FROM RHESSI HARD X-RAY OBSERVATIONS Citation Details In-Document Search Title: DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC...

  1. Derived Hom-Tensor adjointness. Local duality.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-02-07

    Lectures on Grothendieck Duality. II: Derived Hom-Tensor adjointness. Local duality. Joseph Lipman. February 16, 2009. Contents. 1 Left-derived functors.

  2. Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon (Earthworm Phase) Mac Callaham Corey Babb in each treatment Sampling #12;Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon (millipede phase

  3. DERIVED CATEGORIES AND TILTING BERNHARD KELLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernhard - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    DERIVED CATEGORIES AND TILTING BERNHARD KELLER Abstract. We review the basic definitions of derived categories and derived functors. We illustrate them on simple but non trivial examples. Then we explain Happel's theorem which states that each tilting triple yields an equiv- alence between derived categories

  4. Binder enhanced refuse derived fuel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daugherty, Kenneth E. (Lewisville, TX); Venables, Barney J. (Denton, TX); Ohlsson, Oscar O. (Naperville, IL)

    1996-01-01

    A refuse derived fuel (RDF) pellet having about 11% or more particulate calcium hydroxide which is utilized in a combustionable mixture. The pellets are used in a particulate fuel bring a mixture of 10% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of the RDF pellet which contains calcium hydroxide as a binder, with 50% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of a sulphur containing coal. Combustion of the mixture is effective to produce an effluent gas from the combustion zone having a reduced SO.sub.2 and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content of effluent gas from similar combustion materials not containing the calcium hydroxide.

  5. Synthesis and Comparison of Baseline Avian and Bat Use, Raptor Nesting and Mortality Information from Proposed and Existing Wind Developments: Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, Wallace P.

    2002-12-01

    Primarily due to concerns generated from observed raptor mortality at the Altamont Pass (CA) wind plant, one of the first commercial electricity generating wind plants in the U.S., new proposed wind projects both within and outside of California have received a great deal of scrutiny and environmental review. A large amount of baseline and operational monitoring data have been collected at proposed and existing U.S. wind plants. The primary use of the avian baseline data collected at wind developments has been to estimate the overall project impacts (e.g., very low, low, moderate, and high relative mortality) on birds, especially raptors and sensitive species (e.g., state and federally listed species). In a few cases, these data have also been used for guiding placement of turbines within a project boundary. This new information has strengthened our ability to accurately predict and mitigate impacts from new projects. This report should assist various stakeholders in the interpretation and use of this large information source in evaluating new projects. This report also suggests that the level of baseline data (e.g., avian use data) required to adequately assess expected impacts of some projects may be reduced. This report provides an evaluation of the ability to predict direct impacts on avian resources (primarily raptors and waterfowl/waterbirds) using less than an entire year of baseline avian use data (one season, two seasons, etc.). This evaluation is important because pre-construction wildlife surveys can be one of the most time-consuming aspects of permitting wind power projects. For baseline data, this study focuses primarily on standardized avian use data usually collected using point count survey methodology and raptor nest survey data. In addition to avian use and raptor nest survey data, other baseline data is usually collected at a proposed project to further quantify potential impacts. These surveys often include vegetation mapping and state or federal sensitive-status wildlife and plant surveys if there is a likelihood of these species occurring in the vicinity of the project area. This report does not address these types of surveys, however, it is assumed in this document that those surveys are conducted when appropriate to help further quantify potential impacts. The amount and extent of ecological baseline data to collect at a wind project should be determined on a case-by-case basis. The decision should use information gained from this report, recent information from new projects (e.g., Stateline OR/WA), existing project site data from agencies and other knowledgeable groups/individuals, public scoping, and results of vegetation and habitat mapping. Other factors that should also be considered include the likelihood of the presence of sensitive species at the site and expected impacts to those species, project size and project layout.

  6. A study on real estate derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jong Yoon, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    All major asset classes including stocks and bonds have a well developed derivative market. Derivatives enable counterparties to reflect a view on a particular market, without having to trade the underlying asset. This ...

  7. Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon (UPDATE) Mac Callaham Corey Babb Paul vertical transport of litter derived carbon-millipede phase More germane to upland sites Sampled uplands

  8. Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-Derived Human Embryonic Stem Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived andParthenote- Derived Human Embryonic Stem Cells Julie V.cell (hESC) lines can be derived via multiple means, it is

  9. Genetic Optimization Using Derivatives Jasjeet S. Sekhon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    Genetic Optimization Using Derivatives by Jasjeet S. Sekhon and Walter R. Mebane, Jr. Draft://macht.arts.cornell.edu/wrm1/. #12;Abstract Genetic Optimization Using Derivatives We describe a new computer program unconstrained optimization problems. The program, called GENOUD (GENetic Optimization Using Derivatives

  10. The Fourth Partial Derivative In Transport Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trinh Khanh Tuoc

    2010-01-11

    A new fourth partial derivative is introduced for the study of transport dynamics. It is a Lagrangian partial derivative following the path of diffusion, not the path of convection. Use of this derivative decouples the effect of diffusion and convection and simplifies the analysis of transport processes.

  11. Development of the beta-pressure derivative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosseinpour-Zoonozi, Nima

    2007-04-25

    The proposed work provides a new definition of the pressure derivative function [that is the �²-derivative function, ��p �²d(t)], which is defined as the derivative of the logarithm of pressure drop data with respect ...

  12. Postgraduate Scholarship Pricing temperature derivatives and modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    the volumetric risk of the energy units sold, rather than the price risk of each unit. Weather derivativesPostgraduate Scholarship Pricing temperature derivatives and modelling the market price of risk: Pricing temperature derivatives and modelling the market price of risk. Main Supervisor: A. Alexandridis

  13. Derived Equivalences of Orders Alexander Zimmermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Alexander

    Derived Equivalences of Orders Alexander Zimmermann Abstract Using the result of Roggenkamp with Steffen K¨onig [17]. The last section gives a definition and first properties of Picard groups of derived Derived categories arose first in algebraic geometry in the early 60's and proved there to be a powerful

  14. Derived critical loci I -Basics Gabriele Vezzosi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vezzosi, Gabriele

    Derived critical loci I - Basics Gabriele Vezzosi Dipartimento di Sistemi ed Informatica Universit`a di Firenze Italy Notes ­ September 2011 Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Koszul complexes and derived zero . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.2 Affine derived zero loci . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2

  15. HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY AND DERIVED PICARD BERNHARD KELLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernhard - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY AND DERIVED PICARD GROUPS BERNHARD KELLER Dedicated to Idun Reiten- rived Picard group and deduce that it is preserved under derived equivalences. 1. Introduction groups of the bimodule A by itself or as morphisms from A to A[i] in the derived category D(Aop A) of A

  16. HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY AND DERIVED PICARD BERNHARD KELLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernhard - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY AND DERIVED PICARD GROUPS BERNHARD KELLER Dedicated to Idun Reiten­ rived Picard group and deduce that it is preserved under derived equivalences. 1. Introduction extension groups of the bimodule A by itself or as morphisms from A to A[i] in the derived category D(A op

  17. Total-derivative supersymmetry breaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haba, Naoyuki; Uekusa, Nobuhiro

    2010-05-15

    On an interval compactification in supersymmetric theory, boundary conditions for bulk fields must be treated carefully. If they are taken arbitrarily following the requirement that a theory is supersymmetric, the conditions could give redundant constraints on the theory. We construct a supersymmetric action integral on an interval by introducing brane interactions with which total-derivative terms under the supersymmetry transformation become zero due to a cancellation. The variational principle leads equations of motion and also boundary conditions for bulk fields, which determine boundary values of bulk fields. By estimating mass spectrum, spontaneous supersymmetry breaking in this simple setup can be realized in a new framework. This supersymmetry breaking does not induce a massless R axion, which is favorable for phenomenology. It is worth noting that fermions in hyper-multiplet, gauge bosons, and the fifth-dimensional component of gauge bosons can have zero-modes (while the other components are all massive as Kaluza-Klein modes), which fits the gauge-Higgs unification scenarios.

  18. Extending Bauer's corollary to fractional derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David W. Dreisigmeyer; Peter M. Young

    2004-02-11

    We comment on the method of Dreisigmeyer and Young [D. W. Dreisigmeyer and P. M. Young, J. Phys. A \\textbf{36}, 8297, (2003)] to model nonconservative systems with fractional derivatives. It was previously hoped that using fractional derivatives in an action would allow us to derive a single retarded equation of motion using a variational principle. It is proven that, under certain reasonable assumptions, the method of Dreisigmeyer and Young fails.

  19. Producing Transportation Fuels via Photosynthetically-derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technology using cyanobacteria. This technology has potential to produce biofuels and green chemicals (1) at cost that is competitive with conventional ethylene and derivatives...

  20. An extension of the classical derivative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego Dominici

    2006-03-24

    We extend the usual definition of the derivative in a way that Calculus I students can easily comprehend and which allows calculations at branch points.

  1. Calibration by Optimization Without Using Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Lazar

    2015-03-06

    Mar 6, 2015 ... Abstract: Applications in engineering frequently require the ... to upper and lower bounds without relying on the knowledge of the derivative of f .

  2. Generalized Gravitational Entropy from Total Derivative Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Xi

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the generalized gravitational entropy from total derivative terms in the gravitational action. Following the method of Lewkowycz and Maldacena, we find that the generalized gravitational entropy from total derivatives vanishes. We compare our results with the work of Astaneh, Patrushev, and Solodukhin. We find that if total derivatives produced nonzero entropy, the holographic and the field-theoretic universal terms of entanglement entropy would not match. Furthermore, the second law of thermodynamics could be violated if the entropy of total derivatives did not vanish.

  3. Proceedings of refuse-derived fuel (RDF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saltiel, C. )

    1991-01-01

    This book contains proceedings of Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF)-Quality. Standards and Processing. Topics covered include: An Overview of RDF Processing Systems: Current Status, Design Features, and Future Trends. The Impact of Recycling and Pre-Combustion Processing of Municipal Solid Waste on Fuel Properties and Steam Combustion. The Changing Role of Standards in the Marketing of RDF. Refuse Derived Fuel Quality Requirements for Firing in Utility, Industrial or Dedicated Boilers. Refuse-Derived Fuel Moisture Effects on Boiler Performance and Operability. Refuse Derived Fuels: Technology, Processing, Quality and Combustion Experiences.

  4. Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs Transportation fuel Heat or electricity * Data are from literature, except heating oil is adjusted from 2011 winter average *...

  5. Tetrahydroquinoline Derivatives as Potent and Selective Factor...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Derivatives as Potent and Selective Factor XIa Inhibitors Authors: Quan, Mimi L. ; Wong, Pancras C. ; Wang, Cailan ; Woerner, Francis ; Smallheer, Joanne M. ; Barbera, Frank...

  6. Derived Hom-Tensor adjointness. Local duality.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-02-22

    Feb 16, 2009 ... 1 Left-derived functors. Tensor and Tor. 2 Hom -Tensor adjunction. 3 Abstract local duality. 4 Concrete local duality. 5 Residues and duality for ...

  7. Derived Hochschild Cohomology and Grothendieck Duality: local ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-05-24

    May 20, 2008 ... 6 Relative dualizing complexes in Commutative Algebra. 7 Back to schemes. Joseph Lipman (Purdue University). Derived Hochschild and ...

  8. A multi-period equilibrium pricing model of weather derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2010-01-01

    Y. : Valuation and hedging of weather derivatives on monthlyJ. Risk 31. Yoo, S. : Weather derivatives and seasonaleffects and valuation of weather derivatives. Financ. Rev.

  9. A Multi-period Equilibrium Pricing Model of Weather Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2008-01-01

    2002). On modelling and pricing weather derivatives. Applied2003). Arbitrage-fee pricing of weather derivatives based onfects and valuation of weather derivatives. The Financial

  10. Endothelial influences enhance human pluripotent stem cell -derived cardiomyocyte maturation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Karen A.

    2011-01-01

    Human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes survive andet al. , Cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stemcardiac function by hESC-derived cardiomyocytes correlates

  11. INFORMATION ON MEMBRANES DERIVED FROM ELECTRICAL SURFACE CHARGE MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tenforde, Tom S.

    2012-01-01

    V/cm) for fi cell lines derived from both Swiss and Balb 148 INFORMATION ON MEMBRANES DERIVED FROM ELECTRICAL SURFACEINFORMATION ON MEMBRANES DERIVED FROM ELECTRICAL SURFACE

  12. The Direction of Optimal Skin Incisions Derived From Striae Distensae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemperle, Gottfried

    2015-01-01

    of Optimal Skin Incisions Derived from Striae Distensaestriae lines. These are derived from the striae compositecal incisions and scars derived from the Internet. Incision

  13. Derivatives of Isogeometric Functions on Rational Patches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüttler, Bert

    patch in Rd , then the graph of an isogeometric function is a d-dimensional patch (a hyper and their derivatives. Given a geometry mapping as an n- dimensional NURBS patch in Rd , an isogeometric function for the derivatives of the isogeometric functions as parametric patches. We deal with domains represented by n-dimensional

  14. Integrating weather derivatives for managing risks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilski, B. [WeatherWise USA LLC, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1999-11-01

    As deregulation and customer choice loom on the horizon, many energy utilities and other energy suppliers are scrambling to find new services that add value for consumers. Many are also seeking opportunities for increasing efficiency to ensure that costs remain competitive. Integrating weather derivatives with marketing programs and financial management can produce attractive new services and increase efficiency. Weather derivatives can be used to create innovative consumer services, such as a guaranteed annual energy bill which is unaffected by weather and energy price changes. They can also be used to protect the earnings of energy suppliers from one of their most significant financial risks, unpredictable weather. There are three basic types of weather derivatives available today. Option or insurance based derivatives (options), swaps or hedge based derivatives (swaps) and packages where other services are combined with one or both of the above.

  15. Derived Differential Geometry Prof Joyce 14 lectures TT 2015 Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    1 Derived Differential Geometry Prof Joyce 14 lectures TT 2015 Overview Derived Differential Geometry is the study of derived smooth manifolds and orbifolds, where "derived" is in the sense

  16. Proportional-Integral-Derivative Control Derivative Filtering and Integral Anti-Windup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proportional-Integral-Derivative Control with Derivative Filtering and Integral Anti 2015 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1272 March 22, 2002 Abstract First, you will design a proportional controller to meet a given set of specifications. Then, you will design a proportional integral derivative

  17. Growing attraction of refuse-derived fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, R.

    1981-09-08

    A review of Dr. Andrew Porteous' book, Refuse Derived Fuels is presented. The escalating price of fossil fuel, particularily oil, together with the high cost of handling and transporting refuse makes the idea of refuse-derived fuel production an attractive and economic proposition. Refuse-derived fuel production is discussed and the various manufacturing processes in the UK and the USA are described. The pyrolysis of refuse for the production of gas, oil or heat and the production of methane and ethyl alcohol or other possibilities for refuse conversion.

  18. Direct synthesis of pyridine and pyrimidine derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Matthew D. (Matthew Dennis)

    2008-01-01

    I. Synthesis of Substituted Pyridine Derivatives via the Ruthenium-Catalyzed Cycloisomerization of 3-Azadienynes. The two-step conversion of various N-vinyl and N-aryl amides to the corresponding substituted pyridines and ...

  19. SCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jakob, Christian

    2008-01-15

    Forcing data, suitable for use with single column models (SCMs) and cloud resolving models (CRMs), have been derived from NWP analyses for the ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites of Manus Island and Nauru.

  20. Isatin Derivatives as Inhibitors of Microtubule Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckman, Karen

    2008-09-04

    This thesis describes the rationale, design, and syntheses of derivatives of isatin (1-H-indole-2,3-dione). Isatin was identified, during a high throughput screen of 10,000 compounds, as a potential scaffold for ...

  1. Tax Credit for Forest Derived Biomass

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forest-derived biomass includes tree tops, limbs, needles, leaves, and other woody debris leftover from activities such as timber harvesting, forest thinning, fire suppression, or forest health m...

  2. Confidence Measures Derived from an Acceptor HMM 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Gethin; Renals, Steve

    In this paper we define a number of confidence measures derived from an acceptor HMM and evaluate their performance for the task of utterance verification using the North American Business News (NAB) and Broadcast News (BN) corpora. Results...

  3. Avian inhalation exposure chamber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Briant, J.K.; Driver, C.J.

    1992-05-05

    An exposure system is designed for delivering gaseous material ranging in particle size from 0.4 micrometers to 20.0 micrometers uniformly to the heads of experimental animals, primarily birds. The system includes a vertical outer cylinder and a central chimney with animal holding bottles connected to exposure ports on the vertical outer cylinder. 2 figs.

  4. Deriving Mathisson - Papapetrou equations from relativistic pseudomechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. R. Lompay

    2005-03-12

    It is shown that the equations of motion of a test point particle with spin in a given gravitational field, so called Mathisson - Papapetrou equations, can be derived from Euler - Lagrange equations of the relativistic pseudomechanics -- relativistic mechanics, which side by side uses the conventional (commuting) and Grassmannian (anticommuting) variables. In this approach the known difficulties of the Mathisson - Papapetrou equations, namely, the problem of the choice of supplementary conditions and the problem of higher derivatives are not appear.

  5. Second derivatives for approximate spin projection methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, Lee M.; Hratchian, Hrant P.

    2015-02-07

    The use of broken-symmetry electronic structure methods is required in order to obtain correct behavior of electronically strained open-shell systems, such as transition states, biradicals, and transition metals. This approach often has issues with spin contamination, which can lead to significant errors in predicted energies, geometries, and properties. Approximate projection schemes are able to correct for spin contamination and can often yield improved results. To fully make use of these methods and to carry out exploration of the potential energy surface, it is desirable to develop an efficient second energy derivative theory. In this paper, we formulate the analytical second derivatives for the Yamaguchi approximate projection scheme, building on recent work that has yielded an efficient implementation of the analytical first derivatives.

  6. Quadratic forms and Clifford algebras on derived stacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vezzosi, Gabriele

    Quadratic forms and Clifford algebras on derived stacks Gabriele Vezzosi Institut de Math structures in derived algebraic geometry. We define derived n-shifted quadratic complexes, over derived affine stacks and over general derived stacks, and give several examples of those. We define

  7. High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Carriera, Laura H. (Athens, GA)

    1983-01-01

    Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

  8. High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ljungdahl, L.G.; Carriera, L.H.

    1983-05-24

    Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

  9. Barriers to growth in the US real estate derivatives market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venter, Jani

    2007-01-01

    Commercial real estate is an important asset class but it does not yet have a well-developed derivatives market in the United States. A derivative is a contract that derives its value from an underlying index or asset. ...

  10. SEP Request for Approval Form 2 - Other Derived Energy Sources...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 - Other Derived Energy Sources SEP Request for Approval Form 2 - Other Derived Energy Sources SEP-Request-for-Approval-Form-2Other-Derived-Energy-Sources.docx More Documents &...

  11. Brain Derived Vision Algorithm on High Performance Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    Granger, R. : Novel brain-derived algorithms scale linearly37:345–369 17. Brain derived vision on IBM CELL: http://10.1007/s10766-009-0106-9 Brain Derived Vision Algorithm on

  12. Development/Plasticity/Repair Dorsally and Ventrally Derived Oligodendrocytes Have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, William D.

    Development/Plasticity/Repair Dorsally and Ventrally Derived Oligodendrocytes Have Similar derived oligodendrocyte (OL) lineage cells have different properties. We generated a dual reporter mouse line to color code ventrally and dorsally derived OLPs (vOLPs and d

  13. Constraining Higher Derivative Supergravity with Scattering Amplitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yifan Wang; Xi Yin

    2015-03-05

    We study supersymmetry constraints on higher derivative deformations of type IIB supergravity by consideration of superamplitudes. Combining constraints of on-shell supervertices and basic results from string perturbation theory, we give a simple argument for the non-renormalization theorem of Green and Sethi, and some of its generalizations.

  14. Derivation of a Stochastic Neutron Transport Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward J. Allen

    2010-04-14

    Stochastic difference equations and a stochastic partial differential equation (SPDE) are simultaneously derived for the time-dependent neutron angular density in a general three-dimensional medium where the neutron angular density is a function of position, direction, energy, and time. Special cases of the equations are given such as transport in one-dimensional plane geometry with isotropic scattering and transport in a homogeneous medium. The stochastic equations are derived from basic principles, i.e., from the changes that occur in a small time interval. Stochastic difference equations of the neutron angular density are constructed, taking into account the inherent randomness in scatters, absorptions, and source neutrons. As the time interval decreases, the stochastic difference equations lead to a system of Ito stochastic differential equations (SDEs). As the energy, direction, and position intervals decrease, an SPDE is derived for the neutron angular density. Comparisons between numerical solutions of the stochastic difference equations and independently formulated Monte Carlo calculations support the accuracy of the derivations.

  15. Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Indexes 20 Theoretical (Fair) Value 21 Basis 22 Cost of Carry = Basis Equity Index Futures Strategies 23e u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies e u r e x #12;Please Note The definitions of "basis" and "cost of carry" have been changed in this version of the brochure. In previous

  16. Higher Derivative D-brane Couplings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Guangyu

    2012-10-19

    supersymmetry. In the third part, we obtain the higher derivative D-brane action by using both linearized T-duality and string disc amplitude computation. We evaluate disc amplitude of one R-R field C^(p-3) and two NS-NS fields in the presence of a single Dp...

  17. Derivation of a poroelastic flexural shell model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikelic, Andro

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the limit behavior of the solution to quasi-static Biot's equations in thin poroelastic flexural shells as the thickness of the shell tends to zero and extend the results obtained for the poroelastic plate by Marciniak-Czochra and Mikeli\\'c. We choose Terzaghi's time corresponding to the shell thickness and obtain the strong convergence of the three-dimensional solid displacement, fluid pressure and total poroelastic stress to the solution of the new class of shell equations. The derived bending equation is coupled with the pressure equation and it contains the bending moment due to the variation in pore pressure across the shell thickness. The effective pressure equation is parabolic only in the normal direction. As additional terms it contains the time derivative of the middle-surface flexural strain. Derivation of the model presents an extension of the results on the derivation of classical linear elastic shells by Ciarlet and collaborators to the poroelastic shells case. The n...

  18. Biofuels and bio-products derived from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    NEED Biofuels and bio- products derived from lignocellulosic biomass (plant materials) are part improve the energy and carbon efficiencies of biofuels production from a barrel of biomass using chemical and thermal catalytic mechanisms. The Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels IMPACT

  19. Wave function derivation of the JIMWLK equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey V. Popov

    2008-12-16

    Using the stationary lightcone perturbation theory, we propose the complete and careful derivation the JIMWLK equation. We show that the rigorous treatment requires the knowledge of a boosted wave function with second order accuracy. Previous wave function approaches are incomplete and implicitly used the time ordered perturbation theory, which requires a usage of an external target field.

  20. High speed point derivative microseismic detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Uhl, J.E.; Warpinski, N.R.; Whetten, E.B.

    1998-06-30

    A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves. 9 figs.

  1. High speed point derivative microseismic detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Uhl, James Eugene (Albuquerque, NM); Warpinski, Norman Raymond (Albuquerque, NM); Whetten, Ernest Blayne (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-01-01

    A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves.

  2. Derivative of Map of Banach algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleks Kleyn

    2015-05-14

    Let $A$ be Banach algebra over commutative ring $D$. The map $f:A\\rightarrow A\\ $ is called differentiable in the Gateaux sense, if $$f(x+a)-f(x)=\\partial f(x)\\circ a+o(a)$$ where the Gateaux derivative $\\partial f(x)$ of map $f$ is linear map of increment $a$ and $o$ is such continuous map that $$ \\lim_{a\\rightarrow 0}\\frac{|o(a)|}{|a|}=0 $$ Assuming that we defined the Gateaux derivative $\\partial^{n-1} f(x)$ of order $n-1$, we define $$ \\partial^n f(x)\\circ(a_1\\otimes...\\otimes a_n) =\\partial(\\partial^{n-1} f(x)\\circ(a_1\\otimes...\\otimes a_{n-1}))\\circ a_n $$ the Gateaux derivative of order $n$ of map $f$. Since the map $f(x)$ has all derivatives, then the map $f(x)$ has Taylor series expansion $$ f(x)=\\sum_{n=0}^{\\infty}(n!)^{-1}\\partial^n f(x_0)\\circ(x-x_0)^n $$

  3. Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel...

  4. Derivative-free optimization for parameter estimation in computational...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Derivative-free optimization for parameter estimation in computational nuclear physics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Derivative-free optimization for parameter...

  5. Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid Fuels Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid Fuels This factsheet describes a project that...

  6. The Impact of Using Derived Fuel Consumption Maps to Predict...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Impact of Using Derived Fuel Consumption Maps to Predict Fuel Consumption The Impact of Using Derived Fuel Consumption Maps to Predict Fuel Consumption Poster presented at the...

  7. BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Presented at the 2007...

  8. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Targets (Presentation) Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...

  9. Derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigel, Alexander; Engel, Assaf

    2008-01-01

    Interpretation of animal behavior, especially as cooperative or selfish, is a challenge for evolutionary theory. Strategy of a competition should follow from corresponding Darwinian payoffs for the available behavioral options. The payoffs and decision making processes, however, are difficult to observe and quantify. Here we present a general method for the derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable statistics of interactions. The method is applied to combat of male bowl and doily spiders, to predator inspection by sticklebacks and to territorial defense by lions, demonstrating animal behavior as a new type of game theoretical equilibrium. Games animals play may be derived unequivocally from their observable behavior, the reconstruction, however, can be subjected to fundamental limitations due to our inability to observe all information exchange mechanisms (communication).

  10. A derivative standard for polarimeter calibration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulhollan, G.; Clendenin, J.; Saez, P. [and others

    1996-10-01

    A long-standing problem in polarized electron physics is the lack of a traceable standard for calibrating electron spin polarimeters. While several polarimeters are absolutely calibrated to better than 2%, the typical instrument has an inherent accuracy no better than 10%. This variability among polarimeters makes it difficult to compare advances in polarized electron sources between laboratories. The authors have undertaken an effort to establish 100 nm thick molecular beam epitaxy grown GaAs(110) as a material which may be used as a derivative standard for calibrating systems possessing a solid state polarized electron source. The near-bandgap spin polarization of photoelectrons emitted from this material has been characterized for a variety of conditions and several laboratories which possess well calibrated polarimeters have measured the photoelectron polarization of cathodes cut from a common wafer. Despite instrumentation differences, the spread in the measurements is sufficiently small that this material may be used as a derivative calibration standard.

  11. Uncertainty estimates for derivatives and intercepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, E.L.

    1990-01-01

    Straight line least squares fits of experimental data are widely used in the analysis of test results to provide derivatives and intercepts. A method for evaluating the uncertainty in these parameters is described. The method utilizes conventional least squares results and is applicable to experiments where the independent variable is controlled, but not necessarily free of error. A Monte Carlo verification of the method is given 7 refs., 2 tabs.

  12. Uncertainty estimates for derivatives and intercepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, E.L.

    1994-09-01

    Straight line least squares fits of experimental data are widely used in the analysis of test results to provide derivatives and intercepts. A method for evaluating the uncertainty in these parameters is described. The method utilizes conventional least squares results and is applicable to experiments where the independent variable is controlled, but not necessarily free of error. A Monte Carlo verification of the method is given.

  13. Triamine chelants, their derivatives, complexes and conjugates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Troutner, D.E.; John, C.S.; Pillai, M.R.A.

    1995-03-07

    A group of functionalized triamine chelants and their derivatives that form complexes with radioactive metal ions are disclosed. The complexes can be covalently attached to a protein or an antibody or antibody fragment and used for therapeutic and/or diagnostic purposes. The chelants are of the formula, as shown in the accompanying diagrams, wherein n, m, R, R{sup 1}, R{sup 2} and L are defined in the specification.

  14. Enhanced Coset Symmetries and Higher Derivative Corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil Lambert; Peter West

    2006-08-17

    After dimensional reduction to three dimensions, the lowest order effective actions for pure gravity, M-theory and the Bosonic string admit an enhanced symmetry group. In this paper we initiate study of how this enhancement is affected by the inclusion of higher derivative terms. In particular we show that the coefficients of the scalar fields associated to the Cartan subalgebra are given by weights of the enhanced symmetry group.

  15. Two-point derivative dispersion relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erasmo Ferreira; Javier Sesma

    2014-03-24

    A new derivation is given for the representation, under certain conditions, of the integral dispersion relations of scattering theory through local forms. The resulting expressions have been obtained through an independent procedure to construct the real part, and consist of new mathematical structures of double infinite summations of derivatives. In this new form the derivatives are calculated at the generic value of the energy $E$ and separately at the reference point $E=m$ that is the lower limit of the integration. This new form may be more interesting in certain circumstances and directly shows the origin of the difficulties in convergence that were present in the old truncated forms called standard-DDR. For all cases in which the reductions of the double to single sums were obtained in our previous work, leading to explicit demonstration of convergence, these new expressions are seen to be identical to the previous ones. We present, as a glossary, the most simplified explicit results for the DDR's in the cases of imaginary amplitudes of forms $(E/m)^\\lambda[\\ln (E/m)]^n$, that cover the cases of practical interest in particle physics phenomenology at high energies. We explicitly study the expressions for the cases with $\\lambda$ negative odd integers, that require identification of cancelation of singularities, and provide the corresponding final results.

  16. Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time at a general interface and perturbation parameters. We derive the explicit equations for transforming these travel­time derivatives Hamiltonian function and are applicable to the transformation of travel­time derivatives in both isotropic

  17. Contemporary Mathematics Derived Canonical Algebras as One-Point Extensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barot, Michael

    Contemporary Mathematics Derived Canonical Algebras as One-Point Extensions Michael Barot-dimensional algebra by a -module M is derived canonical, i.e. derived equivalent to a canonical algebra. We give the conditions are even sufficient. As a further result we obtain that, if is derived canonical then the one

  18. The Synthesis of Carboracycles Derived from B,B'-Bis(aryl) Derivatives of Icosahedral ortho-Carborane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawthorne, M. Frederick

    The Synthesis of Carboracycles Derived from B,B'-Bis(aryl) Derivatives of Icosahedral ortho)] compounds in high yields. The anisole derivatives 3 and 8 were deprotected to yield the corresponding bis(O)Me). Deprotection of compound 11 led to the corresponding acetyl derivative 18 (R' C(O)Me). Bis- anisole 3

  19. Deriving time from the geometry of space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James M. Chappell; John G. Hartnett; Nicolangelo Iannella; Derek Abbott

    2015-04-08

    The Minkowski formulation of special relativity reveals the essential four-dimensional nature of spacetime, consisting of three space and one time dimension. Recognizing its fundamental importance, a variety of arguments have been proposed over the years attempting to derive the Minkowski spacetime structure from fundamental physical principles. In this paper we illustrate how Minkowski spacetime follows naturally from the geometric properties of three dimensional Clifford space modeled with multivectors. This approach also generalizes spacetime to an eight dimensional space as well as doubling the size of the Lorentz group. This description of spacetime also provides a new geometrical interpretation of the nature of time.

  20. Derivation of an Applied Nonlinear Schroedinger Equation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitts, Todd Alan; Laine, Mark Richard; Schwarz, Jens; Rambo, Patrick K.; Karelitz, David B.

    2015-01-01

    We derive from first principles a mathematical physics model useful for understanding nonlinear optical propagation (including filamentation). All assumptions necessary for the development are clearly explained. We include the Kerr effect, Raman scattering, and ionization (as well as linear and nonlinear shock, diffraction and dispersion). We explain the phenomenological sub-models and each assumption required to arrive at a complete and consistent theoretical description. The development includes the relationship between shock and ionization and demonstrates why inclusion of Drude model impedance effects alters the nature of the shock operator. Unclassified Unlimited Release

  1. Primer on electricity futures and other derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoft, S.; Belden, T.; Goldman, C.; Pickle, S.

    1998-01-01

    Increased competition in bulk power and retail electricity markets is likely to lower electricity prices, but will also result in greater price volatility as the industry moves away from administratively determined, cost-based rates and encourages market-driven prices. Price volatility introduces new risks for generators, consumers, and marketers. Electricity futures and other derivatives can help each of these market participants manage, or hedge, price risks in a competitive electricity market. Futures contracts are legally binding and negotiable contracts that call for the future delivery of a commodity. In most cases, physical delivery does not take place, and the futures contract is closed by buying or selling a futures contract on or near the delivery date. Other electric rate derivatives include options, price swaps, basis swaps, and forward contracts. This report is intended as a primer for public utility commissioners and their staff on futures and other financial instruments used to manage price risks. The report also explores some of the difficult choices facing regulators as they attempt to develop policies in this area.

  2. Automation of Nested Matrix and Derivative Operations Robert Kalaba

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Automation of Nested Matrix and Derivative Operations Robert Kalaba Departments of Electrical of special functions a=x, b=y, c = ab, (4) a=log(c), z=a+d. #12;Automation of Matrix Derivative Operations

  3. Higher Derivative Corrections to O-Plane Actions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhao

    2014-11-17

    Higher derivative corrections to effective actions are very important and of great interest in string theory. The aim of this dissertation is to develop a method to constrain the higher derivative corrections to O-plane ...

  4. Optimal design of derivatives in illiquid market: an alternative approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargiolu, Tiziano

    by Barrieu and El Karoui in [1, 2] for the design of derivatives in illiquid markets. Its motivation is the Optimal design of derivatives in illiquid * market: an alternative approach Grazia De Silvestro

  5. Symbolic Neural Networks Derived from Stochastic Grammar Domain Models 1 Symbolic Neural Networks Derived from Stochastic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mjolsness, Eric

    Symbolic Neural Networks Derived from Stochastic Grammar Domain Models 1 Symbolic Neural Networks neural network architectures with some of the expressive power of a semantic network and also some of the pattern recognition and learning capabilities of more conventional neural networks. For example

  6. Derivative Securities G63.2791.001, Fall 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -based pricing of derivative securities. Topics include: arbitrage; risk-neutral valuation; the log, and other interest-based derivatives; credit risk and credit derivatives. This section versus Steve Allen, one every couple of weeks. Col- laboration on homework is encouraged (homeworks are not exams

  7. Derivations of Marcus's formula G.F. Bertsch1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    Derivations of Marcus's formula G.F. Bertsch1 1 Institute for Nuclear Theory and Dept. of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington Abstract Two derivations of Marcus's formula for transition rates are presented. The first derivation is based on the Landau-Zener transition rate formula

  8. Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market This report identifies the bio-fuels and co & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12;Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co agency thereof. #12;Biomass Derived Energy Products and Co- Products Market and Off-take Study Hawaii

  9. Carbohydrate-derived aminoalcohol ligands for asymmetric Reformatsky reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Ben G.

    Carbohydrate-derived aminoalcohol ligands for asymmetric Reformatsky reactions Daniel P. G of functionally and stereochemically diverse DD-glucosamine-derived tertiary aminoalcohol ligands have been used bromoacetate-3 and difluorobromoacetate4 -derived Reformatsky reagents 2a­c (Scheme 1). A general, enan

  10. RNA Interference: Endogenous siRNAs Derived from Transposable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiggins, Francis

    RNA Interference: Endogenous siRNAs Derived from Transposable Elements The Piwi-interacting RNARNAs are about 22 nt long, are derived from host-expressed fold-back structures, and associate primarily with Ago1 [5]. Conversely, antiviral siRNAs (viRNAs), are about 21 nt, are derived from double

  11. Groups of Autoequivalences of Derived Categories of Smooth Projective Varieties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ploog, David

    Groups of Autoequivalences of Derived Categories of Smooth Projective Varieties David Ploog #12;#12;Contents Introduction 4 Notation 6 1 Generalities on Fourier-Mukai transforms 7 1.1 Derived actions and derived categories 38 3.1 Linearisations for finite groups

  12. Satellite Products and Services Review Board ATBD: Satellite-Derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Satellite Products and Services Review Board ATBD: Satellite-Derived Ocean Heat Content Version 1.0 July 2012 ___________________________________ #12;NOAA /RSMAS ATBD : Satellite-Derived Ocean Heat/STAR) #12;NOAA /RSMAS ATBD : Satellite-Derived Ocean Heat Content Product Page 3 of 32 TABLE OF CONTENTS

  13. COVERING THEORY FOR LINEAR CATEGORIES WITH APPLICATION TO DERIVED CATEGORIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shiping

    COVERING THEORY FOR LINEAR CATEGORIES WITH APPLICATION TO DERIVED CATEGORIES RAYMUNDO BAUTISTA-Schmidt categories preserves irreducible morphisms and almost splits sequences. Specializing to derived categories between the bounded derived categories of finite dimensional modules. As an application, we show that each

  14. Managing Derived Data in the Gaea Scientific DBMS \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Matthew

    Managing Derived Data in the Gaea Scientific DBMS \\Lambda Nabil I. Hachem, Ke Qiu, Michael Gennert, precision). One kind of metadata which needs spe­ cial attention is the data derivation information, i, and derivation. While the spatial and temporal extents have been studied and formal semantics to those extents

  15. Prediction of Transposable Element Derived Enhancers Using Chromatin Modification Profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, King

    Prediction of Transposable Element Derived Enhancers Using Chromatin Modification Profiles Ahsan enhancers derived from transposable element (TE) sequences. To do this, a computational approach was taken hematopoietic cell types, GM12878 and K562. We predicted the locations of 2,107 and 1,448 TE-derived enhancers

  16. Primary version Derived equivalences and almost D-split sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi, Changchang

    Primary version Derived equivalences and almost D-split sequences Wei Hu and Changchang Xi School introduce almost D-split sequences and provide several new methods to construct derived equivalences. In particular, we obtain derived equivalences from Auslander-Reiten sequences (or n-almost split sequences

  17. Leakage-Resilient Cryptography with Key Derived from Sensitive Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Leakage-Resilient Cryptography with Key Derived from Sensitive Data Konrad Durnoga , Tomasz Kazana subject to adversarial leakage. We propose a method to derive keys for such protocols on-the-fly from the actual keys are derived from. That is, an adversary can hardly gain any knowledge about the private data

  18. ORIGINAL PAPER Comparing land surface phenology derived from satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    ORIGINAL PAPER Comparing land surface phenology derived from satellite and GPS network microwave, a normalized mi- crowave reflectance index (NMRI) derived from GPS base station measurements is sensitive, and their derived SOS metrics for a subset of 24 homogenous land cover sites to investigate VOD and NMRI

  19. Selection and comparative analysis of novel prostate carcinoma dissemination variants : roles in metastasis of tumor-derived pro-uPA and neutrophil-derived MMP-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bekes, Erin Marie

    2010-01-01

    of Metastasis Variants Derived from Human Prostate Carcinomaof Metastasis Variants Derived from Human Prostate Carcinomaof Metastasis Variants Derived from Human Prostate Carcinoma

  20. Jet flames of a refuse derived fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Roman; Kupka, Tomasz; Zajac, Krzysztof

    2009-04-15

    This paper is concerned with combustion of a refuse derived fuel in a small-scale flame. The objective is to provide a direct comparison of the RDF flame properties with properties of pulverized coal flames fired under similar boundary conditions. Measurements of temperature, gas composition (O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, CO, NO) and burnout have demonstrated fundamental differences between the coal flames and the RDF flames. The pulverized coals ignite in the close vicinity of the burner and most of the combustion is completed within the first 300 ms. Despite the high volatile content of the RDF, its combustion extends far into the furnace and after 1.8 s residence time only a 94% burnout has been achieved. This effect has been attributed not only to the larger particle size of fluffy RDF particles but also to differences in RDF volatiles if compared to coal volatiles. Substantial amounts of oily tars have been observed in the RDF flames even though the flame temperatures exceeded 1300 C. The presence of these tars has enhanced the slagging propensity of RDF flames and rapidly growing deposits of high carbon content have been observed. (author)

  1. Derivation of dose conversion factors for tritium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killough, G. G.

    1982-03-01

    For a given intake mode (ingestion, inhalation, absorption through the skin), a dose conversion factor (DCF) is the committed dose equivalent to a specified organ of an individual per unit intake of a radionuclide. One also may consider the effective dose commitment per unit intake, which is a weighted average of organ-specific DCFs, with weights proportional to risks associated with stochastic radiation-induced fatal health effects, as defined by Publication 26 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). This report derives and tabulates organ-specific dose conversion factors and the effective dose commitment per unit intake of tritium. These factors are based on a steady-state model of hydrogen in the tissues of ICRP's Reference Man (ICRP Publication 23) and equilibrium of specific activities between body water and other tissues. The results differ by 27 to 33% from the estimate on which ICRP Publication 30 recommendations are based. The report also examines a dynamic model of tritium retention in body water, mineral bone, and two compartments representing organically-bound hydrogen. This model is compared with data from human subjects who were observed for extended periods. The manner of combining the dose conversion factors with measured or model-predicted levels of contamination in man's exposure media (air, drinking water, soil moisture) to estimate dose rate to an individual is briefly discussed.

  2. Nanoscale Reinforced, Polymer Derived Ceramic Matrix Coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajendra Bordia

    2009-07-31

    The goal of this project was to explore and develop a novel class of nanoscale reinforced ceramic coatings for high temperature (600-1000 C) corrosion protection of metallic components in a coal-fired environment. It was focused on developing coatings that are easy to process and low cost. The approach was to use high-yield preceramic polymers loaded with nano-size fillers. The complex interplay of the particles in the polymer, their role in controlling shrinkage and phase evolution during thermal treatment, resulting densification and microstructural evolution, mechanical properties and effectiveness as corrosion protection coatings were investigated. Fe-and Ni-based alloys currently used in coal-fired environments do not possess the requisite corrosion and oxidation resistance for next generation of advanced power systems. One example of this is the power plants that use ultra supercritical steam as the working fluid. The increase in thermal efficiency of the plant and decrease in pollutant emissions are only possible by changing the properties of steam from supercritical to ultra supercritical. However, the conditions, 650 C and 34.5 MPa, are too severe and result in higher rate of corrosion due to higher metal temperatures. Coating the metallic components with ceramics that are resistant to corrosion, oxidation and erosion, is an economical and immediate solution to this problem. Good high temperature corrosion protection ceramic coatings for metallic structures must have a set of properties that are difficult to achieve using established processing techniques. The required properties include ease of coating complex shapes, low processing temperatures, thermal expansion match with metallic structures and good mechanical and chemical properties. Nanoscale reinforced composite coatings in which the matrix is derived from preceramic polymers have the potential to meet these requirements. The research was focused on developing suitable material systems and processing techniques for these coatings. In addition, we investigated the effect of microstructure on the mechanical properties and oxidation protection ability of the coatings. Coatings were developed to provide oxidation protection to both ferritic and austentic alloys and Ni-based alloys. The coatings that we developed are based on low viscosity pre-ceramic polymers. Thus they can be easily applied to any shape by using a variety of techniques including dip-coating, spray-coating and painting. The polymers are loaded with a variety of nanoparticles. The nanoparticles have two primary roles: control of the final composition and phases (and hence the properties); and control of the shrinkage during thermal decomposition of the polymer. Thus the selection of the nanoparticles was the most critical aspect of this project. Based on the results of the processing studies, the performance of selected coatings in oxidizing conditions (both static and cyclic) was investigated.

  3. Massive Gravity from Higher Derivative Gravity with Boundary Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minjoon Park; Lorenzo Sorbo

    2012-10-29

    With an appropriate choice of parameters, a higher derivative theory of gravity can describe a normal massive sector and a ghost massless sector. We show that, when defined on an asymptotically de Sitter spacetime with Dirichlet boundary conditions, such a higher derivative gravity can provide a framework for a unitary theory of massive gravity in four spacetime dimensions. The resulting theory is free not only of higher derivative ghosts but also of the Boulware-Deser mode.

  4. Convergence of derivative expansions in scalar field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tim R. Morris; John F. Tighe

    2001-02-06

    The convergence of the derivative expansion of the exact renormalisation group is investigated via the computation of the beta function of massless scalar lambda phi^4 theory. The derivative expansion of the Polchinski flow equation converges at one loop for certain fast falling smooth cutoffs. Convergence of the derivative expansion of the Legendre flow equation is trivial at one loop, but also can occur at two loops and in particular converges for an exponential cutoff.

  5. Methods for deoxygenating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brandvold, Timothy A.

    2015-07-14

    Methods for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. A method comprising the steps of diluting the biomass-derived pyrolysis oil with a phenolic-containing diluent to form a diluted pyoil-phenolic feed is provided. The diluted pyoil-phenolic feed is contacted with a deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen at hydroprocessing conditions effective to form a low-oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil effluent.

  6. Palladium-Catalyzed Asymmetric Dearomatization of Naphthalene Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessler, Florian

    An intramolecular enantioselective metal-catalyzed dearomatization reaction is described. This procedure allows the dearomatization of naphthalene derivatives through an electrophilic aromatic substitution-type reaction ...

  7. MA 16020 – EXAM FORMULAS THE SECOND DERIVATIVE TEST ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-10-21

    MA 16020 – EXAM FORMULAS. THE SECOND DERIVATIVE TEST. Suppose f is a function of two variables x and y, and that all the second-order partial ...

  8. Explore the Genetic Frontier: Labeling Foods Derived from Biotechnology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vestal, Andy; Hawkins, Carole

    2002-10-19

    Today's food labels provide consumers with nutrition information. This publication discusses the content of labels on foods derived from biotechnology and the agencies that regulate such labeling....

  9. Agenda for the Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reforming Targets Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006...

  10. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation by Arlene Anderson at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  11. Methods for deoxygenating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baird, Lance Awender; Brandvold, Timothy A.

    2015-06-30

    Methods for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. A method for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil comprising the steps of combining a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil stream with a heated low-oxygen-pyoil diluent recycle stream to form a heated diluted pyoil feed stream is provided. The heated diluted pyoil feed stream has a feed temperature of about 150.degree. C. or greater. The heated diluted pyoil feed stream is contacted with a first deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen at first hydroprocessing conditions effective to form a low-oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil effluent.

  12. Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    biomass-derived liquid fuels, such as glycerin or fatty acids, as a substitute for natural gas. low-emissionsburnertechnologyfactsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  13. Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    at Virent, Inc. in Madison developed new cost-effective methods to produce hydrogen from renewable resources like biomass-derived sugar and sugar alcohols. Hydrogen can...

  14. Phenylnaphthalene Derivatives as Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentratin...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Report: Phenylnaphthalene Derivatives as Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating Solar Power: Loop Experiments and Final Report Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  15. The Inverse Problem for Derivative Securities of Interest Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-02-02

    May 26, 2000 ... Following the general method for derivative security pricing 1], we get the partial differential equation for a zero-coupon bond in the form. @V.

  16. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation...

  17. Production of Chemical Derivatives from Renewables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davison, Brian; Nghiem, John; Donnelly, Mark; Tsai, Shih-Perng; Frye, John; Landucci, Ron; Griffin, Michael

    1996-06-01

    The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corp., (LMER), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Battelle Memorial Institute, operator of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), (collectively referred to as the 'Contractor'), and Applied Carbochemicals, Inc. (Participant) was to scale-up from bench results an economically promising and competitive process for the production of chemical derivatives from biologically produced succinic acid. The products that were under consideration for production from the succinic acid platform included 1,4-butanediol, {gamma}y-butyrolactone, 2-pyrrolidinone and N-methyl pyrrolidinone. Preliminary economic analyses indicated that this platform was competitive with the most recent petrochemical routes. The Contractors and participant are hereinafter jointly referred to as the 'Parties.' Research to date in succinic acid fermentation, separation and genetic engineering resulted in a potentially economical process based on the use of an Escherichia coli strain AFP111 with suitable characteristics for the production of succinic acid from glucose. Economic analysis has shown that higher value commodity chemicals can be economically produced from succinic acid based on preliminary laboratory findings and predicted catalytic parameters. At the time, the current need was to provide the necessary laboratory follow-up information to properly optimize, design and operate a pilot scale process. The purpose of the pilot work was to validate the integrated process, assure 'robustness' of the process, define operating conditions, and provide samples for potential customer evaluation. The data from the pilot scale process was used in design and development of a full scale production facility. A new strain, AFP111 (patented), discovered at ANL was tested and developed for process use at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and ANL. The operability and product formation are attractive for this strain and effort was being directed at process development and optimization. Key to the transition from the fermentative production unit operation to the chemical catalysis is the 'clean-up' of fermentation broth, succinic acid formation from the salt, and succinic acid concentration. These steps are accomplished by a two-stage membrane ED separation process developed at AWL. Although the current process is well developed, possible modifications and optimization may be called for as development work continues in both the fermentation and catalysis areas. Research to date performed at PNNL has demonstrated that succinic acid can be converted to value added chemicals such as 1,4-butanediol, {gamma}-butyrolactone, N-methyl pyrrolidinone, and 2 pyrrolidinone with high conversion and selectivities. Continued research will be performed in catalyst development and reaction condition optimization to move this work from the bench scale to the pilot scale. All development of the process was guided by the NREL technoeconomic model. The model showed that direct aqueous phase catalysis of succinic acid to 1,4-butanediol, {gamma}-butyrolactone, and N-methyl pyrrolidinone provided significant economical advantages in the market, the margin, and the return on capital investment over existing petrochemical processes for production of these compounds. The model also provided the baseline for evaluating current laboratory research. As data from the bench and pilot work were made available the model was modified and appropriate sensitivities ran to determine impact of the process changes and optimization. The report will present the planned CRADA tasks followed by the results. The results section has an overall project summary follwed by more detailed reports from the participants. This is a nonproprietary report; additional proprietary information may be made available subject to acceptance of the appropriate proprietary information agreements.

  18. Activation of the retina's regenerative potential by embryonic stem cell-derived microvesicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsman, Diana

    2012-01-01

    2012) Embryonic stem cell-derived microvesicles induce geneby embryonic stem cell-derived microvesicles induces changesby embryonic stem cell derived-microvesicles induces

  19. Development and potential of HMGB1-derived immunostimulatory peptides as adjuvants in cancer immunotherapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saenz, Rebecca Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    Dendritic Cells by an HMGB1- Derived Peptide Adjuvant” 2011,The activity of the HMGB1-derived immunostimulatory peptidemodifier. * This table is derived from material found in

  20. Coastal Ocean Studies in Southern San Diego Using High-Frequency Radar Derived Surface Currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sung Yong

    2009-01-01

    high-frequency radar derived surface current measured andcoastal region Chapter 5 derived surface current by viib) vector current map derived from HF radars in southern San

  1. Adipose-Derived Perivascular Stem Cells Heal Critical Size Mouse Calvarial Defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Megerdichian, Silva

    2013-01-01

    stromal  cells  derived  from  the  infrapatellar  fat  C.  M.   et  al.  Adipose-­?derived  adult  stromal  cells  Human  bone  marrow-­? derived  mesenchymal  stem  cells  

  2. Host resistance and pathogen-derived hormone affect the outcome of a fungal-plant interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Stephanie Joy

    2012-01-01

    resistance and pathogen-derived hormone affect the outcomeresistance and pathogen-derived hormone affect the outcomemetabolites. These pathogen-derived hormones can alter plant

  3. The role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in cortical motor learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Von dem Bussche, Mary

    2007-01-01

    T. , and Nakamura, S. , Brain-derived neurotrophic factor-dependent transfer of brain-derived neurotrophic factor toneurotrophic factors brain-derived neurotrophic factor and

  4. Generation of Cardiomyocytes from Human Endogenous and Pluripotent Stem-Cell Derived Endothelial Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Derived from Human Blastocysts.Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Oligodendrocyte ProgenitorPluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiovascular Progenitor

  5. Bacterial artificial chromosome derived simian varicella virus is pathogenic in vivo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    E: Regulation of macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC, CCL22)artificial chromosome derived simian varicella virus isartificial chromosome derived simian varicella virus is

  6. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor rescues synaptic plasticity in a mouse model of fragile X syndrome.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    in mice lacking brain- derived neurotrophic factor. Procterm potentiation by brain- derived neurotrophic factor. JCM, Simmons DA (2007b) Brain-derived neurotrophic factor

  7. Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics in a Raphanus Hybrid-Derived Lineage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heredia, Sylvia Margarita

    2012-01-01

    reproduction in the hybrid-derived invasive, California wildreproduction in the hybrid-derived invasive, California wildreproduction in the hybrid-derived invasive, California wild

  8. AMPA receptor-induced local brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling mediates motor recovery after stroke.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarkson, Andrew N; Overman, Justine J; Zhong, Sheng; Mueller, Rudolf; Lynch, Gary; Carmichael, S Thomas

    2011-01-01

    polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (Chronic elevation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor bysustained increases in brain-derived neurotrophic fac- tor

  9. Biosynthetic investigations of ansamycin natural products from marine-derived actinomycetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Micheal Christopher

    2011-01-01

    metabolite from marine-derived Streptomyces sp. NTK 227. Jfrom Australian marine- derived and terrestrial Streptomyces3-hydroxy-3-methylproline derived from isoleucine. J Chem

  10. Another Look at Velar Deletion in Turkish, with Special Attention to the Derived Environment Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inkelas, Sharon

    2009-01-01

    Paul. 1993. Blocking in non-derived environments. PhoneticsPress. Lubowicz, Anna. 2002. Derived environment effects inHall, T. Alan. 2006. Derived environment blocking effects in

  11. Coastal ocean studies in southern San Diego using high- frequency radar derived surface currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sung Yong

    2009-01-01

    high-frequency radar derived surface current measured andcoastal region Chapter 5 derived surface current by viib) vector current map derived from HF radars in southern San

  12. Naturally derived myocardial matrix as an injectable scaffold for cardiac repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singelyn, Jennifer Marie

    2010-01-01

    and others. Cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stemhydrogel helps bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells restoredelivery of platelet-derived growth factor improves

  13. THE GENERATING HYPOTHESIS IN THE DERIVED CATEGORY OF A RING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovey, Mark

    THE GENERATING HYPOTHESIS IN THE DERIVED CATEGORY OF A RING MARK HOVEY, KEIR LOCKRIDGE, AND GENA PUNINSKI Abstract. We show that a strong form (the fully faithful version) of the generating hypothesis the original form (the faithful version) of the generating hypothesis holds in the derived category of R

  14. The derivative expansion approach to the interaction between close surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. D. Fosco; F. C. Lombardo; F. D. Mazzitelli

    2014-06-18

    The derivative expansion approach to the calculation of the interaction between two surfaces, is a generalization of the proximity force approximation, a technique of widespread use in different areas of physics. The derivative expansion has so far been applied to seemingly unrelated problems in different areas; it is our principal aim here to present the approach in its full generality. To that end, we introduce an unified setting, which is independent of any particular application, provide a formal derivation of the derivative expansion in that general setting, and study some its properties. With a view on the possible application of the derivative expansion to other areas, like nuclear and colloidal physics, we also discuss the relation between the derivative expansion and some time-honoured uncontrolled approximations used in those contexts. By putting them under similar terms as the derivative expansion, we believe that the path is open to the calculation of next to leading order corrections also for those contexts. We also review some results obtained within the derivative expansion, by applying it to different concrete examples and highlighting some important points.

  15. BPS States in Supersymmetric Chiral Models with Higher Derivative Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muneto Nitta; Shin Sasaki

    2014-11-04

    We study the higher derivative chiral models with four supercharges and BPS states in these models. The off-shell Lagrangian generically includes higher powers of the auxiliary fields F which causes distinct on-shell branches associated with the solutions to the auxiliary fields equation. We point out that the model admits a supersymmetric completion of arbitrary higher derivative bosonic models of a single complex scalar field and an arbitrary scalar potential can be introduced even without superpotentials. As an example, we present a supersymmetric extension of the Faddeev-Skyrme model without four time derivatives, in contrast to the previously proposed supersymmetric Faddeev-Skyrme-like model containing four time derivatives. In general, higher derivative terms together with a superpotential result in deformed scalar potentials. We find that higher derivative corrections to 1/2 BPS domain walls and 1/2 BPS lumps are exactly canceled out while the 1/4 BPS lumps (as compact baby Skyrmions) depend on a characteristic feature of the higher derivative models. We also find a new 1/4 BPS condition for domain wall junctions which generically receives higher derivative corrections.

  16. Optimal design of derivatives in illiquid market: an alternative approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargiolu, Tiziano

    Optimal design of derivatives in illiquid market: an alternative approach Grazia De Silvestro introduced by Barrieu and El Karoui in [1, 2] for the design of derivatives in illiquid markets. Its in a financial market. In the case when the utility and the loss functions are exponential, we characterise

  17. Designing Agents for Derivatives Markets: a preliminary framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBurney, Peter

    Designing Agents for Derivatives Markets: a preliminary framework Omar Baqueiro Espinosa, Wiebe van framework for a model of agents which are able to trade in futures and options derivatives markets. We design a basic logical model for the exchange process and extend it to depict futures and options

  18. Optimal design of derivatives in illiquid market: an alternative approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargiolu, Tiziano

    Optimal design of derivatives in illiquid market: an alternative approach #3; Grazia De Silvestro in a #12;nancial market. In the case when the utility and the loss functions are exponential, we the new approach introduced by Barrieu and El Karoui in [1, 2] for the design of derivatives in illiquid

  19. Carbohydrate Derived-Pseudo-Lignin Can Retard Cellulose Biological Conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    ARTICLE Carbohydrate Derived-Pseudo-Lignin Can Retard Cellulose Biological Conversion Rajeev Kumar derived pseudo-lignin on cellulose conversion at the moderate to low enzyme loadings necessary for favorable economics, dilute acid pretreatment of Avicel cellulose alone and mixed with beechwood xylan

  20. On Termination and Derivation Lengths for Ground Rewrite Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giesl, Juergen

    On Termination and Derivation Lengths for Ground Rewrite Systems Dieter Hofbauer 1 Universit¨at GH@theory.informatik.uni­kassel.de Abstract. It is shown that for terminating ground term rewrite systems the length of derivations a suitable interpretation into the natural numbers. Terminating ground systems are not necessarily

  1. PSERC 98-21 "Analytic and Experimentally-Derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PSERC 98-21 "Analytic and Experimentally-Derived Estimates of Market Power in Deregulated, January 5-8, 1999nd "Analytic and Experimentally-Derived Estimates of Market Power in Deregulated constraints or load characteristics, or retail customers facing suppliers or marketing agents having more than

  2. NOVEL SLURRY PHASE DIESEL CATALYSTS FOR COAL-DERIVED SYNGAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Dragomir B. Bukur; Dr. Ketil Hanssen; Alec Klinghoffer; Dr. Lech Nowicki; Patricia O'Dowd; Dr. Hien Pham; Jian Xu

    2001-01-07

    This report describes research conducted to support the DOE program in novel slurry phase catalysts for converting coal-derived synthesis gas to diesel fuels. The primary objective of this research program is to develop attrition resistant catalysts that exhibit high activities for conversion of coal-derived syngas.

  3. An alternative derivation of Einstein's Doppler shift and aberration formulae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Reignier

    2009-02-06

    I propose an alternative, purely kinematical, derivation of Einstein's Doppler formula. It is valid for periodic signals of any shape that propagate with the velocity of light. The formula is asymptotic in a parameter proportional to the relative variation of the distance source-receiver during one period. As a by-product, I also derive an alternative proof of Einstein's aberration formulae.

  4. Non-Derivable Itemset Mining Toon Calders and Bart Goethals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antwerpen, Universiteit

    .calders,bart.goethals}@ua.ac.be University of Antwerp, Belgium Abstract All frequent itemset mining algorithms rely heavily on the monotonicNon-Derivable Itemset Mining Toon Calders and Bart Goethals {toon-derivable itemsets a useful and tractable alternative to mining all frequent itemsets. Keywords: Data mining

  5. PRICING PRECIPITATION BASED DERIVATIVES RENE CARMONA AND PAVEL DIKO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    PRICING PRECIPITATION BASED DERIVATIVES REN´E CARMONA AND PAVEL DIKO ABSTRACT. We consider the problem of pricing a derivative contract written on the precipitation at a specific location during of the underlying precipitation. Our model is based on pulse Poisson process models widely used in hydrology. We

  6. Tumor CellDerived and Macrophage-Derived Cathepsin B Promotes Progression and Lung Metastasis of Mammary Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    Tumor Cell­Derived and Macrophage-Derived Cathepsin B Promotes Progression and Lung Metastasis of mammary cancers compared with wild-type PyMT mice. Lung metastasis volumes were significantly reduced in PyMT;ctsb+/À , an effect that was not further enhanced in PyMT;ctsbÀ/À mice. Furthermore, lung

  7. Inflationary models with non-minimally derivative coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Nan; Gong, Yungui

    2015-01-01

    We derive the second order correction to the scalar and tensor spectral tilts for the inflationary models with non-minimally derivative coupling. The non-minimally kinetic coupling to Einstein tensor brings the energy scale in the inflationary models down to be sub-Planckian. In the high friction limit, the Lyth bound is modified with an extra suppression factor, so that the field excursion of the inflaton is sub-Planckian. The inflationary models with non-minimally derivative coupling are more consistent with observations.

  8. Inflationary models with non-minimally derivative coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nan Yang; Qing Gao; Yungui Gong

    2015-04-22

    We derive the second order correction to the scalar and tensor spectral tilts for the inflationary models with non-minimally derivative coupling. The non-minimally kinetic coupling to Einstein tensor brings the energy scale in the inflationary models down to be sub-Planckian. In the high friction limit, the Lyth bound is modified with an extra suppression factor, so that the field excursion of the inflaton is sub-Planckian. The inflationary models with non-minimally derivative coupling are more consistent with observations.

  9. Deriving emissions time series from sparse atmospheric mole fractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rigby, Matthew

    A growth-based Bayesian inverse method is presented for deriving emissions of atmospheric trace species from temporally sparse measurements of their mole fractions. This work is motivated by many recent studies that have ...

  10. Demonstration of a Carbonate Fuel Cell on Coal Derived Gas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rastler, D. M.; Keeler, C. G.; Chi, C. V.

    1993-01-01

    Several studies indicate that carbonate fuel cell systems have the potential to offer efficient, cost competitive, and environmentally preferred power plants operating on natural gas or coal derived gas (“syn-gas”). To date, however, no fuel cell...

  11. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development Manager, U.S. DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells BILI panel. Bio-Derived Renewable Liquids Dist. Electrolysis Central Wind Electrolysis Biomass Gasification Solar

  12. An alternative derivation of the Minimal massive 3D gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmet Baykal

    2014-12-23

    By using the algebra of exterior forms and the first order formalism with constraints, an alternative derivation of the field equations for the Minimal massive 3D gravity model is presented.

  13. Sol-gel-derived Epitaxial Nanocomposite Thin Films with Large...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sol-gel-derived Epitaxial Nanocomposite Thin Films with Large Sharp Magnetoelectric Effect Home Author: B. Liu, T. Sun, J. He, V. P. Dravid Year: 2010 Abstract: Nanostructures of...

  14. Derivation of the Camassa-Holm equations for elastic waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. A. Erbay; S. Erbay; A. Erkip

    2015-02-10

    In this paper we provide a formal derivation of both the Camassa-Holm equation and the fractional Camassa-Holm equation for the propagation of small-but-finite amplitude long waves in a nonlocally and nonlinearly elastic medium. We first show that the equation of motion for the nonlocally and nonlinearly elastic medium reduces to the improved Boussinesq equation for a particular choice of the kernel function appearing in the integral-type constitutive relation. We then derive the Camassa-Holm equation from the improved Boussinesq equation using an asymptotic expansion valid as nonlinearity and dispersion parameters tend to zero independently. Our approach follows mainly the standard techniques used widely in the literature to derive the Camassa-Holm equation for shallow water waves. The case where the Fourier transform of the kernel function has fractional powers is also considered and the fractional Camassa-Holm equation is derived using the asymptotic expansion technique.

  15. Tolman temperature once again: A derivation from gravitational surface action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majhi, Bibhas Ranjan

    2015-01-01

    The temperature distribution in presence of gravity, as measured by a local observer, is given by the Tolman expression. Here I derive the same only from the Gibbon's-Hawking-York surface term. In this process no explicit use of Einstein's equations of motion is done. Therefore, the present one is an off-shell analysis. Finally I discuss the importance and various implications of the derivation.

  16. Simple derivation from postulates of generalized vacuum Maxwell equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chun Wa Wong

    2013-05-11

    The two postulates of special relativity plus the postulates of conserved charges, both electric and magnetic, and a resulting linear system are sufficient for the derivation of the generalized vacuum Maxwell equations with both charges. The derivative admits another set of Maxwell equations for charges that are the opposite-parity partners of the usual electric and magnetic charges. These new charges and their photons are parts of the parallel universe of dark matter.

  17. Intake retention functions and derived investigation levels for selected radioelements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buitron Sanchez, Susana

    1990-01-01

    , Sr. (Chair of Committee) Milton . McLain (Member) Wesl E. Bolch (Member) Dan ightower (Member) ohn W. oston, Sr (Department Head) August 1990 ABSTRACT Intake Retention Functions and Derived Investigation Levels for Selected Radioelements... for radionuclide exposure control. Here, both routes of entry into the body are considered, i. e. , inhalation and ingestion, and ALI values are tabulated for both. 2. Introduction of the term Derived Air Concentration (DAC) instead of the term (MPC)a to prevent...

  18. N=4 Supersymmetric Gauge Theory in the Derivative Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalmers, G

    2002-01-01

    Maximally supersymmetric gauge theories have experienced renewed interest due to the AdS/CFT correspondence and its conjectured S-duality. These gauge theories possess a large amount of symmetry and have quasi-integrable properties. We derive the amplitudes in the derivative expansion of the spontaneously broken examples and perform all loop integrations. The S-matrix is found via an algebraic recursion and at each order is SL(2,Z) invariant.

  19. Literature survey of properties of synfuels derived from coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flores, F.

    1982-08-01

    This report contains the results of a literature survey conducted by NASA Lewis Research Center. The survey objective was to systematically assemble existing data on the physical, chemical, and elemental composition and structural characteristics of synthetic fuels (liquids and gases) derived from coal. The report contains the survey results compiled to October 1980. The report includes the following: (1) a general description of fuel properties, with emphasis on those properties required for synfuels to be used in gas-turbine systems for industry and utilities; (2) description of the four major concepts for converting coal into liquid fuels (pyrolysis, solvent extraction, catalytic liquefaction and indirect liquefaction); (3) data obtained from the literature on full range syncrudes and certain distillate cuts for fuels derived by various processes; (4) description of upgrading processes for coal liquids and characterization data for upgraded fuels; (5) data plots illustrating trends in the properties of fuels derived by several processes; (6) description of the most important concepts in coal gasification (fixed bed, fluidized bed, entrained flow and underground gasification) and characterization data for coal-derived gases; (7) a source list and bibliography on syncrude production and upgrading programs; and (8) a listing of some Federal energy contracts for coal-derived synthetic fuels production.

  20. Tackling Higher Derivative Ghosts with the Euclidean Path Integral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Fontanini; Mark Trodden

    2011-02-21

    An alternative to the effective field theory approach to treat ghosts in higher derivative theories is to attempt to integrate them out via the Euclidean path integral formalism. It has been suggested that this method could provide a consistent framework within which we might tolerate the ghost degrees of freedom that plague, among other theories, the higher derivative gravity models that have been proposed to explain cosmic acceleration. We consider the extension of this idea to treating a class of terms with order six derivatives, and find that for a general term the Euclidean path integral approach works in the most trivial background, Minkowski. Moreover we see that even in de Sitter background, despite some difficulties, it is possible to define a probability distribution for tensorial perturbations of the metric.

  1. Methods and apparatuses for deoxygenating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baird, Lance Awender; Brandvold, Timothy A.

    2015-10-20

    Embodiments of methods and apparatuses for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. In one example, a method comprises the steps of separating a low-oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil effluent into a low-oxygen-pyoil organic phase stream and an aqueous phase stream. Phenolic compounds are removed from the aqueous phase stream to form a phenolic-rich diluent recycle stream. A biomass-derived pyrolysis oil stream is diluted and heated with the phenolic-rich diluent recycle stream to form a heated diluted pyoil feed stream. The heated diluted pyoil feed stream is contacted with a deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen to deoxygenate the heated diluted pyoil feed stream.

  2. Higher Derivative Corrections to Manifestly Supersymmetric Nonlinear Realizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muneto Nitta; Shin Sasaki

    2014-11-05

    When global symmetries are spontaneously broken in supersymmetric vacua, there appear quasi-Nambu-Goldstone (NG) fermions as superpartners of NG bosons. In addition to these, there can appear quasi-NG bosons in general. The quasi-NG bosons and fermions together with the NG bosons are organized into chiral multiplets. K\\"ahler potentials of low-energy effective theories were constructed some years ago as supersymmetric nonlinear realizations. It is known that higher derivative terms in the superfield formalism often encounter with the auxiliary field problem; the auxiliary fields are acted by space-time derivatives and cannot be eliminated. In this paper, we construct higher derivative corrections to supersymmetric nonlinear realizations in the off-shell superfield formalism free from the auxiliary field problem. As an example, we present manifestly supersymmetric chiral Lagrangian.

  3. SYNTHESIS OF METHACRYLATES FROM COAL-DERIVED SYNGAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jang, B.W.L.; Spivey, J.J.; Gogate, M.R.; Zoeller, J.R.; Colberg, R.D.; Choi, G.N.

    1999-12-01

    Research Triangle Institute (RTI), Eastman Chemical Company, and Bechtel have developed a novel process for synthesis of methyl methacrylate (MMA) from coal-derived syngas, under a contract from the US Department of Energy/Fossil Energy Technology Center (DOE/FETC). This project has resulted in five US patents (four already published and one pending publication). It has served as the basis for the technical and economic assessment of the production of this high-volume intermediate from coal-derived synthesis gas. The three-step process consists of the synthesis of a propionate from ethylene carbonylation using coal-derived CO, condensation of the propionate with formaldehyde to form methacrylic acid (MAA); and esterification of MAA with methanol to yield MMA. The first two steps, propionate synthesis and condensation catalysis, are the key technical challenges and the focus of the research presented here.

  4. Stabilization of linear higher derivative gravity with constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Tai-jun; Lim, Eugene A. E-mail: eugene.a.lim@gmail.com

    2014-05-01

    We show that the instabilities of higher derivative gravity models with quadratic curvature invariant ?R{sup 2}+?R{sub ??}R{sup ??} can be removed by judicious addition of constraints at the quadratic level of metric fluctuations around Minkowski/de Sitter background. With a suitable parameter choice, we find that the instabilities of helicity-0, 1, 2 modes can be removed while reducing the dimensionality of the original phase space. To retain the renormalization properties of higher derivative gravity, Lorentz symmetry in the constrained theory is explicitly broken.

  5. Derivative expansion at small mass for the spinor effective action

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunne, Gerald V.; Huet, Adolfo; Hur, Jin; Min, Hyunsoo

    2011-05-15

    We study the small-mass limit of the one-loop spinor effective action, comparing the derivative expansion approximation with exact numerical results that are obtained from an extension to spinor theories of the partial-wave cutoff method. In this approach, one can compute numerically the renormalized one-loop effective action for radially separable gauge field background fields in spinor QED. We highlight an important difference between the small-mass limit of the derivative expansion for spinor and scalar theories.

  6. Constraints on Automorphic Forms of Higher Derivative Terms from Compactification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finn Gubay; Neil Lambert; Peter West

    2010-08-04

    By dimensionally reducing the higher derivative corrections of ten-dimensional IIB theory on a torus we deduce constraints on the E_{n+1} automorphic forms that occur in d=10-n dimensions. In particular we argue that these automorphic forms involve the representation of E_{n+1} with fundamental weight \\lambda^{n+1}, which is also the representation to which the string charges in d dimensions belong. We also consider a similar calculation for the reduction of higher derivative terms in eleven-dimensional M-theory.

  7. Brief reports: Lysosomal cross-correction by hematopoietic stem cell-derived macrophages via tunneling nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    by Hematopoietic Stem Cell-Derived Macrophages Via Tunnelingwith primary macro- phages derived from Ctns 2/2 mice stablytransfer from bone-marrow-derived stromal cells to pulmonary

  8. Is Serum Brain-Derived NeurotrophicFactor a Biomarker for Cognitive Enhancementin Schizophrenia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinogradov, Sophia

    2009-01-01

    S, Jones KR (2003): Brain-derived neuro- trophic factor ischemical study of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and itsP, et al. (2001): Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and

  9. Morphological derived-environment effects in gestural coordination: A case study of Norwegian clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Travis G.

    2007-01-01

    157-233. Lubowicz, A. 2002. Derived environment effects in2002. Gestural timing and derived-environment effects inP. 1993. Blocking in non-derived environments. In: Hargus,

  10. Pedogenic Thresholds and Soil Process Domains in Basalt-Derived Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitousek, PM; Chadwick, OA

    2013-01-01

    rejuvenation of weathering-derived nutri- ent supply in anProcess Domains in Basalt-Derived Soils Peter M. Vitousekand domains in basalt-derived soils on two rainfall

  11. Regulation of norrin receptor frizzled-4 by Wnt2 in colon-derived cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planutis, Kestutis; Planutiene, Marina; Moyer, Mary Pat; Nguyen, Anthony V; Perez, Cherlyn A; Holcombe, Randall F

    2007-01-01

    in normal colonic mucosa-derived NCM460 cells but not in theby the colon cancer-derived cell lines would favor continuedfrizzled-4 by Wnt2 in colon-derived cells Kestutis Planutis

  12. The role of let-7 in human embryonic stem cell-derived neural precursor cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Connie

    2012-01-01

    L. (2010). Neural crest-derived stem cells. Stembook,A.V. (2011). Human ESC-derived neural crest model reveals ahuman embryonic stem cell-derived motoneurons. Stem Cell 25:

  13. An XMRV Derived Retroviral Vector as a Tool for Gene Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervantes-Garcia, Daniel; Rojas-Martinez, Augusto; Camerini, David

    2011-01-01

    Garcia et al. : An XMRV Derived Retroviral Vector as a ToolREPORT Open Access An XMRV Derived Retroviral Vector as ain vivo. Many retroviral vectors are derived from the mouse

  14. Effects of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor on cultured murine retinal progenitor cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jinmei; Yang, Jing; Gu, Ping; Klassen, Henry

    2010-01-01

    of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)F. GDNF: a glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor forlevel glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor delivery

  15. Plasma-Derived Exosomal Survivin, a Plausible Biomarker for Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    of dendritic cell-derived exosomes. Blood Cells Mol Dis 35:Plasma-Derived Exosomal Survivin, a Plausible Biomarker forprogress has shown that tumor-derived exosomes play multiple

  16. Induced pluripotent stem-cell-derived models of sporadic and familial Alzheimer's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Israel, Mason Arthur

    2011-01-01

    Induced pluripotent stem-cell-derived models of sporadic andcells, glia and neurons derived from human pluripotent stemhuman ES and iPS cell-derived neurons. Proc. Natl. Acad.

  17. Characterization of Dental-Pulp Derived Islet-like Cell Aggregates and the Role of GABA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egli, Jennifer Lynn

    2012-01-01

    S. Mesenchymal stem cells derived from dental tissues vs.umbilical cord blood-derived cells into insulin-producingfrom Murine Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells. Stem Cells

  18. Human Apolipoprotein A-I-Derived Amyloid: Its Association with Atherosclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Human Apolipoprotein A-I-Derived Amyloid: Its AssociationHuman Apolipoprotein A-I-Derived Amyloid 38. De Felice FG,occurring amyloidosis derived from apolipoprotein AI. Am J

  19. REVIEW PAPER Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appanna, Vasu

    REVIEW PAPER Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil derived products: a review Natalia A. Yemashova January 2007 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil of operational problems. Nowadays various test-systems are utilized for microbial monitoring in crude oils

  20. Mechanical Integrators Derived from a Discrete Variational Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsden, Jerrold

    Mechanical Integrators Derived from a Discrete Variational Principle Jerey M. Wendlandt1;2 Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Jerrold E. Marsden3 for mechanical system simulation are created by using discrete algorithms to approximate the continuous equations

  1. DERIVING PROGNOSTIC EQUATIONS FOR CLOUD FRACTION AND LIQUID WATER CONTENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DERIVING PROGNOSTIC EQUATIONS FOR CLOUD FRACTION AND LIQUID WATER CONTENT Vincent E. Larson1 1 that accounts for how liquid water varies with both total water content and temperature. The variable s has- ter content, ql , and cloud fraction, C. This provides in- formation about partial cloudiness. Tiedtke

  2. Utility-Based Pricing of the Weather Derivatives Hlne Hamisultane *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ;1. Introduction Weather impacts many sectors of the economy such as agriculture, construction, tourism and energy), in 1999. Weather derivatives are financial instruments based on a weather index. They give a payment 0 equal to the cost of the hedging portfolio at time 0. Mathematically, this price corresponds

  3. Tolerance Analysis of Assemblies Using Kinematically Derived Sensitivities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which may be added to a kinematic model, resulting in an "equivalent variational mechanism" (EVM), which and kinematic/dynamic properties of mechanisms. Chapter 1. Introduction 1.1 Background Information ToleranceTolerance Analysis of Assemblies Using Kinematically Derived Sensitivities ADCATS Report No. 99

  4. SINGULAR FORWARD-BACKWARD STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND EMISSIONS DERIVATIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    SINGULAR FORWARD-BACKWARD STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND EMISSIONS DERIVATIVES REN´E CARMONA and why they appear naturally as models for the valuation of CO2 emission allowances. Single phase cap is motivated by the mathematical analysis of the emissions markets, as implemented for example in the European

  5. Synthesis and characterization of interfacially polymerized films of tetraphenylporphyrin derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, W.; Wamser, C.C.

    1995-10-01

    Thin films of polymeric porphyrins have been made by interfacial polymerization of derivatives of tetraphenyl porphyrins, in particular by condensation of a dichloromethane solution of the acid chloride derivative (TCCPP) with a buffered aqueous solution of either the amine derivative (TAPP) or the phenol derivative (THPP). Spectroscopic and other studies are consistent with cross-linked polyamide or polyester network structures. The polyamide and polyester films display a novel asymmetry of functional groups on opposite sides of the film; excess amine (or hydroxyl) groups appear on one side of the film and excess carboxyl groups on the other. Film thickness can be correlated with the intensity of the UV-visible absorption spectrum, x (in nm) = 120 A{sub max} (at the Soret peak), with typical thicknesses in the range 10-500 nm, easily controlled by reaction time and conditions. Significantly thicker films (up to several {mu}m) can be prepared using an aliphatic diamine orpolyamine as the comonomer with TCCPP. Addition of 2, 6-lutidine to the organic phase substantially increases the rate of polymerization, which is especially useful for TAPP reactions. In addition, control experiments show that TCCPP with lutidine in CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} reacts at the interface with an aqueous pH 3 buffer, giving a very thin, easily hydrolyzed film, apparently due to anhydride linkages formed by condensation reactions with partially hydrolyzed TCCPP. 56 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  6. Fuel and fuel blending components from biomass derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCall, Michael J.; Brandvold, Timothy A.; Elliott, Douglas C.

    2012-12-11

    A process for the conversion of biomass derived pyrolysis oil to liquid fuel components is presented. The process includes the production of diesel, aviation, and naphtha boiling point range fuels or fuel blending components by two-stage deoxygenation of the pyrolysis oil and separation of the products.

  7. ComputerDerived Nuclear "Grade" and Breast Cancer Prognosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Street, Nick

    Wolberg 1 Computer­Derived Nuclear "Grade" and Breast Cancer Prognosis William H. Wolberg, M.D., W of nuclear grade are subjective, yet still prognostically important. Now, computer­based analytical techniques can objectively and accurately measure size, shape, and texture features that constitute nuclear

  8. Advertising in Google Search Deriving a bidding strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    Advertising in Google Search Deriving a bidding strategy in the biggest auction on earth. Anne the perspective of the advertiser. It presents a model for the expected profit per view, depending on either the bid or the obtained position of the advertiser. In a subsequent analysis, the position and bid

  9. Compact and low-power continuous-time derivative circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, David W.

    . In this Letter, we provide a description of the design criteria of `frequency-normalised' continuous-power derivative circuit that is able to fulfil all of these criteria. It consists of 1. a capacitor to perform in continuous- time circuits to realise low-power implementations and local processing on the sensor data

  10. Radiohalogenated thienylethylamine derivatives for evaluating local cerebral blood flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goodman, Mark M. (Knoxville, TN); Knapp, Jr., Furn F. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1990-01-01

    Radiopharmaceuticals useful in brain imaging comprising radiohalogenated thienylethylamine derivatives. The compounds are 5-halo-thiophene-2-isopropyl amines able to cross the blood-brain barrier and be retained for a sufficient length of time to allow the evaluation or regional blood flow by radioimaging of the brain.

  11. Neutral hydrogen density profiles derived from geocoronal N. stgaard,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    Neutral hydrogen density profiles derived from geocoronal imaging N. Østgaard,1 S. B. Mende,1 H. U an empirical model of the neutral hydrogen density distribution at high altitudes (>3.5 RE geocentric distance from interplanetary hydrogen are obtained from a model. Assuming that the exosphere at high altitudes

  12. Assessing experimentally derived interactions in a small world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Debra S.

    Assessing experimentally derived interactions in a small world Debra S. Goldberg and Frederick P networks have also been shown to have the small-world network properties of cohesive neighborhoods and short aver- age distances between vertices. Although much analysis has been done on small-world networks

  13. Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of systems within Caputo's fractional derivative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eqab M. Rabei; Ibtesam Almayteh; Sami I. Muslih; Dumitru Baleanu

    2007-03-26

    In this paper we develop a fractional Hamilton-Jacobi formulation for discrete systems in terms of fractional Caputo derivatives. The fractional action function is obtained and the solutions of the equations of motion are recovered. An example is studied in details.

  14. Subject Positions and Derivational Scope Calculation in Minimalist Syntax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subject Positions and Derivational Scope Calculation in Minimalist Syntax: A Phase-Based Approach without any other special implement. 1 Introduction This paper explores the correlation between subject in subject positions across languages. We claim that unlike English Nominative Case, C, rather than

  15. Financial derivative pricing under probability operator via Esscher transfomation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Achi, Godswill U., E-mail: achigods@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, P.M.B. 7166, Aba, Abia State (Nigeria)

    2014-10-24

    The problem of pricing contingent claims has been extensively studied for non-Gaussian models, and in particular, Black- Scholes formula has been derived for the NIG asset pricing model. This approach was first developed in insurance pricing{sup 9} where the original distortion function was defined in terms of the normal distribution. This approach was later studied6 where they compared the standard Black-Scholes contingent pricing and distortion based contingent pricing. So, in this paper, we aim at using distortion operators by Cauchy distribution under a simple transformation to price contingent claim. We also show that we can recuperate the Black-Sholes formula using the distribution. Similarly, in a financial market in which the asset price represented by a stochastic differential equation with respect to Brownian Motion, the price mechanism based on characteristic Esscher measure can generate approximate arbitrage free financial derivative prices. The price representation derived involves probability Esscher measure and Esscher Martingale measure and under a new complex valued measure ? (u) evaluated at the characteristic exponents ?{sub x}(u) of X{sub t} we recuperate the Black-Scholes formula for financial derivative prices.

  16. Electricity derivatives and risk management S.J. Denga,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Electricity derivatives and risk management S.J. Denga, *, S.S. Orenb a School of Industrial Electricity spot prices in the emerging power markets are volatile, a consequence of the unique physical attributes of electricity production and distribution. Uncontrolled exposure to market price risks can lead

  17. Electricity derivatives and risk management S.J. Denga,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity derivatives and risk management S.J. Denga,* , S.S. Orenb a School of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Electricity of electricity production and distribution. Uncontrolled exposure to market price risks can lead to devastating

  18. Incorporating Seasonality into Search Suggestions Derived from Intranet Query Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruschwitz, Udo

    Incorporating Seasonality into Search Suggestions Derived from Intranet Query Logs Stephen Dignum performed on query logs collected for major Web search engines, query log analysis to enhance search search engine can be enhanced by adapting the search system to real users' search behaviour through

  19. Triamines and their derivatives as bifunctional chelating agents

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Troutner, D.E.; John, C.S.; Pillai, M.R.A.

    1992-03-31

    A group of functionalized triamine chelants and their derivatives that form complexes with radioactive metal ions are disclosed. The complexes can be covalently attached to a protein or an antibody or antibody fragment and used for therapeutic and/or diagnostic purposes. No Drawings

  20. Robust Replication of Volatility Derivatives and Roger Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Roger

    The tradeoff between risk and return is a central theme of finance, and volatility and variance of returns are standard measures of risk. The volatility of a stock is revealed by the market price of an option, allow us to replicate volatility derivatives, by dynamic trading in standard options and the underlying

  1. Deriving Displacement from a 3 axis Accelerometer Mr. Andrew Blake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winstanley, Graham

    Deriving Displacement from a 3 axis Accelerometer Mr. Andrew Blake University of Brighton CMIS, Additive 1. Introduction The Nintendo WiiTM, Sony's Playstation 3TM and Microsoft's Xbox 360TM all feature a 1000 seconds is 1,000,000 times greater than that at 1 second. Any small offset errors

  2. Mining All Non-Derivable Frequent Itemsets Toon Calders1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antwerpen, Universiteit

    , Belgium 2 University of Limburg, Belgium Abstract. Recent studies on frequent itemset mining algorithms reMining All Non-Derivable Frequent Itemsets Toon Calders1 and Bart Goethals2 1 University of Antwerp representation of the frequent itemsets, instead of mining all fre- quent itemsets. The main goal of this paper

  3. SURVEILLANCE OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS USING METEOSAT DERIVED IRRADIANCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    be related to a bad performance of numerous PV systems: the overall energy production 1 #12;(and thus. Regarding the increasing pay-back rates for PV energy (0.99 DM/kWh in Germany from spring 2000 onwardsSURVEILLANCE OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS USING METEOSAT DERIVED IRRADIANCES Annette Hammer

  4. Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

    · E10 vs. E85 choice · Examined of corn-based ethanol fuel systems on the following: - environmentalBiofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol #12;Outline · Production processes for each;Definitions Biofuel: clean fuel made from animal and plant fats and tissues (Hollebone, 2008) Ethanol

  5. A Comparison of Derivative-Free Optimization Methods for Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelley, C. T. "Tim"

    A Comparison of Derivative-Free Optimization Methods for Groundwater Supply and Hydraulic Capture, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, MA 02420-9108 USA Abstract Management decisions involving groundwater-documented community problems are used for illustration purposes: a groundwater supply problem and a hydraulic capture

  6. Lorentz and SU(3) groups derived from cubic quark algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Kerner

    2009-01-26

    We show that the Lorentz and the SU(3) groups can be derived from the covariance principle conserving a $Z_3$-graded three-form on a $Z_3$-graded cubic algebra representing quarks endowed with non-standard commutation laws.

  7. Space-time models derived from Schwarzschild's solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lluis Bel

    2008-12-09

    We discuss two space-time models: one is expanding, the other is static. They are both derived from Schwarzschild's exterior solution. But they differ in the implementation of the parallelism at a distance and the choice of their master frame of reference.

  8. Path integral derivations of novel complex trajectory methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeremy Schiff; Yair Goldfarb; David J. Tannor

    2008-07-30

    Path integral derivations are presented for two recently developed complex trajectory techniques for the propagation of wave packets, Complex WKB and BOMCA. Complex WKB is derived using a standard saddle point approximation of the path integral, but taking into account the hbar dependence of both the amplitude and the phase of the intial wave function, thus giving rise to the need for complex classical trajectories. BOMCA is derived using a modification of the saddle point technique, in which the path integral is approximated by expanding around a near-classical path, chosen so that up to some predetermined order there is no need to add any correction terms to the leading order approximation. Both Complex WKB and BOMCA give the same leading order approximation; in Complex WKB higher accuracy is achieved by adding correction terms, while in BOMCA no additional terms are ever added -higher accuracy is achieved by changing the path along which the original approximation is computed. The path integral derivation of the methods explains the need to incorporate contributions from more than one trajectory, as observed in previous numerical work. On the other hand, it emerges that the methods provide efficient schemes for computing the higher order terms in the asymptotic evaluation of path integrals. The understanding we develop of BOMCA suggests that there should exist near-classical trajectories that give exact quantum dynamical results when used in the computation of the path integral keeping just the leading order term. We also apply our path integral techniques to give a compact derivation of the semiclassical approximation to the coherent state propagator.

  9. Credit Derivatives: Overview and Hedge-Based Pricing Credit Derivatives: Overview and Hedge-Based Pricing Chapter 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Li-1 at Ti and a defaultable bond paying Li-1 + spar . spar chosen so that at onset the value is 1 minimize this by increasing the protection taken by the CDS. This means that ¯s = spar . Credit Derivatives

  10. Cosmological perturbations in non-local higher-derivative gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craps, Ben; Jonckheere, Tim De; Koshelev, Alexey S. E-mail: Tim.De.Jonckheere@vub.ac.be

    2014-11-01

    We study cosmological perturbations in a non-local higher-derivative model of gravity introduced by Biswas, Mazumdar and Siegel. We extend previous work, which had focused on classical scalar perturbations around a cosine hyperbolic bounce solution, in three ways. First, we point out the existence of a Starobinsky solution in this model, which is more attractive from a phenomenological point of view (even though it has no bounce). Second, we study classical vector and tensor pertuxsxrbations. Third, we show how to quantize scalar and tensor perturbations in a de Sitter phase (for choices of parameters such that the model is ghost-free). Our results show that the model is well-behaved at this level, and are very similar to corresponding results in local f(R) models. In particular, for the Starobinsky solution of non-local higher-derivative gravity, we find the same tensor-to-scalar ratio as for the conventional Starobinsky model.

  11. Higher Derivative Corrections to Charged Fluids in 2n Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Nabamita; Jain, Akash

    2015-01-01

    We study anomalous charged fluid in $2n$-dimensions ($n\\geq 2$) up to sub-leading derivative order. Only the effect of gauge anomaly is important at this order. Using the Euclidean partition function formalism, we find the constraints on different sub-leading order transport coefficients appearing in parity-even and odd sectors of the fluid. We introduce a new mechanism to count different fluid data at arbitrary derivative order. We show that only the knowledge of independent scalar-data is sufficient to find the constraints. In appendix we further extend this analysis to obtain fluid data at sub-sub-leading order (where both gauge and gravitational anomaly contribute) for parity-odd fluid.

  12. Backreaction effects due to matter coupled higher derivative gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lata Kh Joshi; P. Ramadevi

    2014-11-28

    AdS-hydrodynamics has proven to be a useful tool for obtaining transport coefficients observed in the collective flow of strongly coupled fluids like quark gluon plasma (QGP). Particularly, the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density ${\\eta/ s}$ obtained from elliptic flow measurements can be matched with the computation done in the dual gravity theory. The experimentally observed temperature dependence of ${\\eta/ s}$ requires the study of scalar matter coupled AdS gravity including higher derivative curvature corrections. We obtain the backreaction to the metric for such a matter coupled AdS gravity in $D$-dimensional spacetime due to the higher derivative curvature corrections. Then, we present the backreaction corrections to shear-viscosity $\\eta$ and entropy density $s$.

  13. Higher Derivative Corrections to Charged Fluids in 2n Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabamita Banerjee; Suvankar Dutta; Akash Jain

    2015-02-25

    We study anomalous charged fluid in $2n$-dimensions ($n\\geq 2$) up to sub-leading derivative order. Only the effect of gauge anomaly is important at this order. Using the Euclidean partition function formalism, we find the constraints on different sub-leading order transport coefficients appearing in parity-even and odd sectors of the fluid. We introduce a new mechanism to count different fluid data at arbitrary derivative order. We show that only the knowledge of independent scalar-data is sufficient to find the constraints. In appendix we further extend this analysis to obtain fluid data at sub-sub-leading order (where both gauge and gravitational anomaly contribute) for parity-odd fluid.

  14. Apparatuses and methods for deoxygenating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kalnes, Tom N.

    2015-12-29

    Apparatuses and methods for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided herein. In one example, the method comprises of dividing a feedstock stream into first and second feedstock portions. The feedstock stream comprises the biomass-derived pyrolysis oil and has a temperature of about 60.degree. C. or less. The first feedstock portion is combined with a heated organic liquid stream to form a first heated diluted pyoil feed stream. The first heated diluted pyoil feed stream is contacted with a first deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen to form an intermediate low-oxygen pyoil effluent. The second feedstock portion is combined with the intermediate low-oxygen pyoil effluent to form a second heated diluted pyoil feed stream. The second heated diluted pyoil feed stream is contacted with a second deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen to form additional low-oxygen pyoil effluent.

  15. In situ electrochemical dilatometry of carbide-derived carbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hantel, M M; Presser, Volker; Gogotsi, Yury

    2011-01-01

    The long life durability and extraordinary stability of supercapacitors are ascribed to the common concept that the charge storage is purely based on double-layer charging. Therefore the ideal supercapacitor electrode should be free of charge induced microscopic structural changes. However, recent in-situ investigations on different carbon materials for supercapacitor electrodes have shown that the charge and discharge is accompanied by dimensional changes of the electrode up to several percent. This work studies the influence of the pore size on the expansion behavior of carbon electrodes derived from titanium carbide-derived carbons with an average pore size between 5 and 8 Using tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate in acetonitrile, the swelling of the electrodes was measured by in situ dilatometry. The experiments revealed an increased expansion on the negatively charged electrode for pores below 6 , which could be described with pore swelling.

  16. A Vacuum Solution with Torsion in Higher-Derivative Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouzou Nishida

    2012-09-02

    In this paper, we provide a vacuum solution with torsion in quadratic Riemann-curvature gravity. Physically, the solution means that vacuum can have a nonzero vacuum field with large torsion. We show that the Einstein-Hilbert action can be derived if we expand the quadratic curvature of the Lagrangian in a torsion-free Riemannian space-time around a nonzero vacuum field. We also show that the cosmological constant caused by a nonzero vacuum field is equal to zero.

  17. Massive graviton on arbitrary background: derivation, syzygies, applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Bernard; Cedric Deffayet; Mikael von Strauss

    2015-04-16

    We give the detailed derivation of the fully covariant form of the quadratic action and the derived linear equations of motion for a massive graviton in an arbitrary background metric (which were presented in arXiv:1410.8302 [hep-th]). Our starting point is the de Rham-Gabadadze-Tolley (dRGT) family of ghost free massive gravities and using a simple model of this family, we are able to express this action and these equations of motion in terms of a single metric in which the graviton propagates, hence removing in particular the need for a "reference metric" which is present in the non perturbative formulation. We show further how 5 covariant constraints can be obtained including one which leads to the tracelessness of the graviton on flat space-time and removes the Boulware-Deser ghost. This last constraint involves powers and combinations of the curvature of the background metric. The 5 constraints are obtained for a background metric which is unconstrained, i.e. which does not have to obey the background field equations. We then apply these results to the case of Einstein space-times, where we show that the 5 constraints become trivial, and Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker space-times, for which we correct in particular some results that appeared elsewhere. To reach our results, we derive several non trivial identities, syzygies, involving the graviton fields, its derivatives and the background metric curvature. These identities have their own interest. We also discover that there exist backgrounds for which the dRGT equations cannot be unambiguously linearized.

  18. The Higgs mass derived from the U(3) Lie group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ole L. Trinhammer; Henrik G. Bohr; Mogens Stibius Jensen

    2015-07-07

    The Higgs mass value is derived from a Hamiltonian on the Lie group U(3) where we relate strong and electroweak energy scales. The baryon states of nucleon and delta resonances originate in specific Bloch wave degrees of freedom coupled to a Higgs mechanism which also gives rise to the usual gauge boson masses. The derived Higgs mass is around 125 GeV. From the same Hamiltonian we derive the relative neutron to proton mass ratio and the N and Delta mass spectra. All compare rather well with the experimental values. We predict scarce neutral flavor baryon singlets that should be visible in scattering cross sections for negative pions on protons, in photoproduction on neutrons, in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments and in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays. The fundamental predictions are based on just one length scale and the fine structure constant. More particular predictions rely also on the weak mixing angle and the up-down quark flavor mixing matrix element. With differential forms on the measure-scaled wavefunction, we could generate approximate parton distribution functions for the u and d valence quarks of the proton that compare well with established experimental analysis.

  19. Evaluation of cement kiln laboratories testing hazardous waste derived fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, R.E.

    1998-12-31

    Cement kiln operators wishing to burn hazardous waste derived fuels in their kilns must submit applications for Resource Conservation Recovery Act permits. One component of each permit application is a site-specific Waste Analysis Plan. These Plans describe the facilities` sampling and analysis procedures for hazardous waste derived fuels prior to receipt and burn. The Environmental Protection Agency has conducted on-site evaluations of several cement kiln facilities that were under consideration for Resource Conservation Recovery Act permits. The purpose of these evaluations was to determine if the on-site sampling and laboratory operations at each facility complied with their site-specific Waste Analysis Plans. These evaluations covered sampling, laboratory, and recordkeeping procedures. Although all the evaluated facilities were generally competent, the results of those evaluations revealed opportunities for improvement at each facility. Many findings were noted for more than one facility. This paper will discuss these findings, particularly those shared by several facilities (specific facilities will not be identified). Among the findings to be discussed are the ways that oxygen bombs were scrubbed and rinsed, the analytical quality control used, Burn Tank sampling, and the analysis of pH in hazardous waste derived fuels.

  20. Benzene-derived N2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-deoxyguanosine adduct: UvrABC incision and its conformation in DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hang, Bo

    2010-01-01

    p- benzoquinone DNA adducts derived from benzene are highlyphenol and hydroquinone derived mainly from diet andendonuclease toward the benzene-derived DNA adduct, pBQ-C.

  1. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor restores synaptic plasticity in a knock-in mouse model of Huntington's disease.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    term potentiation by brain-derived neurotrophic factor. JNeurobiology of Disease Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factorbe rescued with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).

  2. Transplantation of Adult Mouse iPS Cell-Derived Photoreceptor Precursors Restores Retinal Structure and Function in Degenerative Mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    the phenomenon of HESC-derived RPE: anatomy of cell genesis,population of donor-derived photoreceptor cells (indicatedof human embryonic stem cell-derived photoreceptors restores

  3. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor promotes long-term potentiation-related cytoskeletal changes in adult hippocampus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rex, Christopher S; Lin, Ching-Yi; Kramár, Eniko A; Chen, Lulu Y; Gall, Christine M; Lynch, Gary

    2007-01-01

    RC, Nicoll RA (1998) Brain-derived neurotrophic fac- tor (term potentiation by brain-derived neurotrophic factor. JSystems/Cognitive Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Promotes

  4. Platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor beta synergistically potentiate inflammatory mediator synthesis by fibroblast-like synoviocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosengren, Sanna; Corr, Maripat; Boyle, David L

    2010-01-01

    et al. , Platelet-derived growth factor and transformingactivated by platelet-derived growth factor. Clin Expmesylate inhibits platelet derived growth factor stimulated

  5. ARM: SIRS: derived, correction of downwelling shortwave diffuse hemispheric measurements using Dutton and full algorithm

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Laura Riihimaki

    1997-03-21

    SIRS: derived, correction of downwelling shortwave diffuse hemispheric measurements using Dutton and full algorithm

  6. Molecular Structures of Fulvalenes Derived from Methylidenecycloproparenes: X-ray Structure Determinations and ab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apeloig, Yitzhak

    Molecular Structures of Fulvalenes Derived from Methylidenecycloproparenes: X-ray Structure methylidenecyclopropabenzene 3, the derived parent tria-, penta-, and heptafulvalene derivatives 4-6, and the crystalline derivatives 7, 8, and 9. The hydrocarbons are found to be polar, and the cycloproparenylidene moiety acts

  7. Facilitated phosphatidylserine flip-flop across vesicle and cell membranes using urea-derived synthetic translocases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Bradley D.

    Facilitated phosphatidylserine flip-flop across vesicle and cell membranes using urea-derived)amine derivatives with appended urea and sulfonamide groups are shown to facilitate the translocation of fluorescent a library of tren-derived receptors and uncovered some active derivatives with appended urea groups.16

  8. Facilitated Phospholipid Flip-Flop Using Synthetic Steroid-Derived Translocases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Bradley D.

    Facilitated Phospholipid Flip-Flop Using Synthetic Steroid-Derived Translocases Timothy N. Lambert research.4 Previously, we have reported that tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren)-derived translocases can of significantly more active synthetic translocases derived from cholic acid.6 Cholate derivatives 1-5 were

  9. Higher Derivative Gravity from the Universal Renormalization Group Machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Saueressig; K. Groh; S. Rechenberger; O. Zanusso

    2012-02-28

    We study the renormalization group flow of higher derivative gravity, utilizing the functional renormalization group equation for the average action. Employing a recently proposed algorithm, termed the universal renormalization group machine, for solving the flow equation, all the universal features of the one-loop beta-functions are recovered. While the universal part of the beta-functions admits two fixed points, we explicitly show that the existence of one of them depends on the choice of regularization scheme, indicating that it is most probably unphysical.

  10. Study of the derivative expansions for the nuclear structure functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Ruiz Simo; M. J. Vicente Vacas

    2008-07-31

    We study the convergence of the series expansions sometimes used in the analysis of the nuclear effects in Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) proccesses induced by leptons. The recent advances in statistics and quality of the data, in particular for neutrinos calls for a good control of the theoretical uncertainties of the models used in the analysis. Using realistic nuclear spectral functions which include nucleon correlations, we find that the convergence of the derivative expansions to the full results is poor except at very low values of $x$.

  11. Regional Production Economics for Ethylene and Propylene Derivatives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

    1990-01-01

    copolymer (PP-BC) * Acrylonit~ile (ACN) * P~opylene glycol (PG) * Cumene (CUM) * 2-Ethylhexanol (2EH) * Isop~opyl alcohol (IPA) 59 TECHNOLOGY ALTERNATIVES Most of the olefin derivatives c~r be made using a variety of processes and sla~ting materlals... * PG- Dow chlo~ohydrin * CUM- benzene alkylation * 2-EH- Union Carbide rhodium * IPA- Deutsche Texaco direct hydration REPRESENTATIVE CAPACITY One requirement fo~ establishing ESL-IE-90-06-10 Proceedings from the 12th National Industrial Energy...

  12. Limited demand seen for scrubber-derived fertilizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-12-01

    By-product marketability of scrubber-derived materials to the fertilizer industry will likely make only a small contribution to the acid rain problem. Those who claim the ammonia-based flue-gas materials will have an economic market cite the Bhara process undergoing testing at Indianapolis Power and Light for the removal of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide, but fertilizer spokesmen feel the market will be limited to certain areas in the Midwest and the Pacific Northwest. This would reduce economic benefits. The Ebara material is easier to handle than ammonia, and should have a competitive price.

  13. Higher derivatives and power spectrum in effective single field inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinn-Ouk Gong; Min-Seok Seo; Spyros Sypsas

    2015-03-10

    We study next-to-leading corrections to the effective action of the curvature perturbation obtained by integrating out the coupled heavy isocurvature perturbation. These corrections result from including higher order derivative operators, weighted by the mass scale of the heavy physics, in the effective theory expansion. We find that the correction terms are suppressed by the ratio of the Hubble parameter to the heavy mass scale. The corresponding corrections to the power spectrum of the curvature perturbation are presented for a simple illustrative example.

  14. THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF FERMENTATION-DERIVED OXYGENATES TO FUELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramasamy, Karthikeyan K.; Wang, Yong

    2013-06-01

    At present ethanol generated from renewable resources through fermentation process is the dominant biofuel. But ethanol suffers from undesirable fuel properties such as low energy density and high water solubility. The production capacity of fermentation derived oxygenates are projected to rise in near future beyond the current needs. The conversion of oxygenates to hydrocarbon compounds that are similar to gasoline, diesel and jet fuel is considered as one of the viable option. In this chapter the thermo catalytic conversion of oxygenates generated through fermentation to fuel range hydrocarbons will be discussed.

  15. Ab Initio Derivation of Model Energy Density Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobaczewski, J

    2015-01-01

    I propose a simple and manageable method that allows for deriving coupling constants of model energy density functionals (EDFs) directly from ab initio calculations performed for finite fermion systems. A proof-of-principle application allows for linking properties of finite nuclei, determined by using the nuclear nonlocal Gogny functional, to the coupling constants of the quasilocal Skyrme functional. The method does not rely on properties of infinite fermion systems but on the ab initio calculations in finite systems. It also allows for quantifying merits of different model EDFs in describing the ab initio results.

  16. Ab Initio Derivation of Model Energy Density Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Dobaczewski

    2015-07-07

    I propose a simple and manageable method that allows for deriving coupling constants of model energy density functionals (EDFs) directly from ab initio calculations performed for finite fermion systems. A proof-of-principle application allows for linking properties of finite nuclei, determined by using the nuclear nonlocal Gogny functional, to the coupling constants of the quasilocal Skyrme functional. The method does not rely on properties of infinite fermion systems but on the ab initio calculations in finite systems. It also allows for quantifying merits of different model EDFs in describing the ab initio results.

  17. A derivation of linearized Griffith energies from nonlinear models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Friedrich

    2015-04-07

    We derive Griffith functionals in the framework of linearized elasticity from nonlinear and frame indifferent energies in brittle fracture via Gamma-convergence. The convergence is given in terms of rescaled displacement fields measuring the distance of deformations from piecewise rigid motions. The configurations of the limiting model consist of partitions of the material, corresponding piecewise rigid deformations and displacement fields which are defined separately on each component of the cracked body. Apart from the linearized Griffith energy the limiting functional comprises also the segmentation energy which is necessary to disconnect the parts of the specimen.

  18. On Higher Derivative Terms in Tachyon Effective Actions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Lambert; I. Sachs

    2001-05-08

    We reconstruct the tachyon effective action for unstable D-branes in superstring theory by examining its behaviour near exactly marginal deformations, where the ambigous higher derivative terms can be eliminated. We then compare this action with that obtained in boundary string field theory and find remarkable agreement. In particular, the tension for lower dimensional branes and the BI-action for the centre of mass motion are reprodued exactly. We also comment on the action for tachyons on the kink in a D-brane/anti-D-brane system and on bosonic string theory.

  19. Can physics laws be derived from monogenic functions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose B. Almeida

    2006-01-25

    This is a paper about geometry and how one can derive several fundamental laws of physics from a simple postulate of geometrical nature. The method uses monogenic functions analysed in the algebra of 5-dimensional spacetime, exploring the 4-dimensional waves that they generate. With this method one is able to arrive at equations of relativistic dynamics, quantum mechanics and electromagnetism. Fields as disparate as cosmology and particle physics will be influenced by this approach in a way that the paper only suggests. The paper provides an introduction to a formalism which shows prospects of one day leading to a theory of everything and suggests several areas of future development.

  20. Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingR Walls -Hydro-Pac Inc.,1Activityfrom Bio-Derived Liquids

  1. Autistic disorder associated with a paternally derived unbalanced translocation leading to duplication of chromosome 15pter-q13.2: a case report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    with a paternally derived unbalanced translocation leadingassociated with maternally derived duplications that involveerror of a paternally derived translocation between

  2. Non-minimal derivative coupling gravity in cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumjudpai, Burin

    2015-01-01

    We give a brief review of the non-minimal derivative coupling (NMDC) scalar field theory in which there is non-minimal coupling between the scalar field derivative term and the Einstein tensor. We assume that the expansion is of power-law type or super-acceleration type for small redshift. The Lagrangian includes the NMDC term, a free kinetic term, a cosmological constant term and a barotropic matter term. For a value of the coupling constant that is compatible with inflation, we use the combined WMAP9 (WMAP9+eCMB+BAO+ $H_0$) dataset, the PLANCK+WP dataset, and the PLANCK $TT,TE,EE$+lowP+Lensing+ext datasets to find the value of the cosmological constant in the model. Modeling the expansion with power-law gives a negative cosmological constants while the phantom power-law (super-acceleration) expansion gives positive cosmological constant with large error bar. The value obtained is of the same order as in the $\\Lambda$CDM model, since at late times the NMDC effect is tiny due to small curvature.

  3. Derivative discontinuity with localized Hartree-Fock potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. U. Nazarov; G. Vignale

    2015-07-31

    The localized Hartree-Fock potential has proven to be a computationally efficient alternative to the optimized effective potential, preserving the numerical accuracy of the latter and respecting the exact properties of being self-interaction free and having the correct $-1/r$ asymptotics. In this paper we extend the localized Hartree-Fock potential to fractional particle numbers and observe that it yields derivative discontinuities in the energy as required by the exact theory. The discontinuities are numerically close to those of the computationally more demanding Hartree-Fock method. Our potential enjoys a "direct-energy" property, whereby the energy of the system is given by the sum of the single-particle eigenvalues multiplied by the corresponding occupation numbers. The discontinuities $c_\\uparrow$ and $c_\\downarrow$ of the spin-components of the potential at integer particle numbers $N_\\uparrow$ and $N_\\downarrow$ satisfy the condition $c_\\uparrow N_\\uparrow+c_\\downarrow N_\\downarrow=0$. Thus, joining the family of effective potentials which support a derivative discontinuity, but being considerably easier to implement, the localized Hartree-Fock potential becomes a powerful tool in the broad area of applications in which the fundamental gap is an issue.

  4. A fresh look at coal-derived liquid fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, A.D. [Benham Companies LLC (USA)

    2009-01-15

    35% of the world's energy comes from oil, and 96% of that oil is used for transportation. The current number of vehicles globally is estimated to be 700 million; that number is expected to double overall by 2030, and to triple in developing countries. Now consider that the US has 27% of the world's supply of coal yet only 2% of the oil. Coal-to-liquids technologies could bridge the gap between US fuel supply and demand. The advantages of coal-derived liquid fuels are discussed in this article compared to the challenges of alternative feedstocks of oil sands, oil shale and renewable sources. It is argued that pollutant emissions from coal-to-liquid facilities could be minimal because sulfur compounds will be removed, contaminants need to be removed for the FT process, and technologies are available for removing solid wastes and nitrogen oxides. If CO{sub 2} emissions for coal-derived liquid plants are captured and sequestered, overall emissions of CO{sub 2} would be equal or less than those from petroleum. Although coal liquefaction requires large volumes of water, most water used can be recycled. Converting coal to liquid fuels could, at least in the near term, bring a higher level of stability to world oil prices and the global economy and could serve as insurance for the US against price hikes from oil-producing countries. 7 figs.

  5. Duality Groups, Automorphic Forms and Higher Derivative Corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil Lambert; Peter West

    2007-02-21

    We study the higher derivative corrections that occur in type II superstring theories in ten dimensions or less. Assuming invariance under a discrete duality group G(Z) we show that the generic functions of the scalar fields that occur can be identified with automorphic forms. We then give a systematic method to construct automorphic forms from a given group G(Z) together with a chosen subgroup H and a linear representation of G(Z). This construction is based on the theory of non-linear realizations and we find that the automorphic forms contain the weights of G. We also carry out the dimensional reduction of the generic higher derivative corrections of the IIB theory to three dimensions and find that the weights of E_8 occur generalizing previous results of the authors on M-theory. Since the automorphic forms of this theory contain the weights of E_8 we can interpret the occurrence of weights in the dimensional reduction as evidence for an underlying U-duality symmetry.

  6. Extracting metal ions with diphosphonic acid, or derivative thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horwitz, Earl P. (Argonne, IL); Gatrone, Ralph C. (Argonne, IL); Nash, Kenneth L. (Argonne, IL)

    1994-01-01

    Thermodynamically-unstable complexing agents which are diphosphonic acids and diphosphonic acid derivatives (or sulphur containing analogs), like carboxyhydroxymethanediphosphonic acid and vinylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, are capable of complexing with metal ions, and especially metal ions in the II, III, IV, V and VI oxidation states, to form stable, water-soluble metal ion complexes in moderately alkaline to highly-acidic media. However, the complexing agents can be decomposed, under mild conditions, into non-organic compounds which, for many purposes are environmentally-nondamaging compounds thereby degrading the complex and releasing the metal ion for disposal or recovery. Uses for such complexing agents as well as methods for their manufacture are also described.

  7. Characterization of ?-carrageenan and its derivative based green polymer electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jumaah, Fatihah Najirah; Mobaraka, Nadhratun Naiim; Ahmad, Azizan; Ramli, Nazaruddin [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan (Malaysia)

    2013-11-27

    The new types of green polymer electrolytes based on ?-carrageenan derivative have been prepared. ?-carrageenan act as precursor was reacted with monochloroacetic acid to produce carboxymethyl ?-carrageenan. The powders were characterized by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and {sup 1}H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to confirm the substitution of targeted functional group in ?-carrageenan. The green polymer electrolyte based on ?-carrageenan and carboxymethyl ?-carrageenan was prepared by solution-casting technique. The films were characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to determine the ionic conductivity. The ionic conductivity ?-carrageenan film were higher than carboxymethyl ?-carrageenan which 4.87 ×10{sup ?6} S cm{sup ?1} and 2.19 ×10{sup ?8} S cm{sup ?1}, respectively.

  8. Properties of Young Massive Cluster Derived from Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Fritze-v. Alvensleben

    2004-08-25

    I will show that photometry -- if extending over a reasonable choice of passbands -- can give fairly precise information about young star clusters and their evolutionary state. Optical colors alone are known to leave severe ambiguities due to degeneracies between age, metallicity and extinction. High quality photometry including $U, B, V$ or $I$, and a NIR band, however, in combination with an extensive grid of evolutionary synthesis models for star clusters and a dedicated tool to analyse spectral energy distributions allows to assess and largely disentangle star cluster ages, metallicities, extinction values and, hence, to derive their masses. Gaseous emission contributions sensibly affect broad band colors during the youngest stages, depending on metallicity. Mass functions of young star cluster systems may considerably differ in shape from luminosity functions. An ESO ASTROVIRTEL project provides multi-color photometry for a large number of young, intermediate age and old star cluster systems. As a first example I show results obtained for NGC 1569.

  9. Pulse transmission transmitter including a higher order time derivate filter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dress, Jr., William B.; Smith, Stephen F.

    2003-09-23

    Systems and methods for pulse-transmission low-power communication modes are disclosed. A pulse transmission transmitter includes: a clock; a pseudorandom polynomial generator coupled to the clock, the pseudorandom polynomial generator having a polynomial load input; an exclusive-OR gate coupled to the pseudorandom polynomial generator, the exclusive-OR gate having a serial data input; a programmable delay circuit coupled to both the clock and the exclusive-OR gate; a pulse generator coupled to the programmable delay circuit; and a higher order time derivative filter coupled to the pulse generator. The systems and methods significantly reduce lower-frequency emissions from pulse transmission spread-spectrum communication modes, which reduces potentially harmful interference to existing radio frequency services and users and also simultaneously permit transmission of multiple data bits by utilizing specific pulse shapes.

  10. Storage lipid biosynthesis in microspore-derived Brassica napus embryos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, D.C.; Underhill, E.W.; Weber, N. ); Pomeroy, M.K. ); Edwards, L. )

    1989-04-01

    Erucic acid, a fatty acid which is confined to the neutral lipids in developing seed cotyledons or rape, was chosen as a marker to study triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in a Brassica napus L. cv Reston microspore-derived embryo culture system. Accumulation and changes in acyl composition of TAGs during embryogenesis strongly paralleled that observed during seed development. Homogenates of 29-day cultured embryos were examined for the ability to incorporate erucoyl moieties into storage lipids. In the presence of {sup 14}C erucoyl CoA and various acceptors, including glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P), {sup 14}C erucic acid was rapidly incorporated into the TAG fraction. However, in contrast to studies with {sup 14}C oleoyl CoA, there was no measurable radioactivity in any Kennedy Pathway intermediates or within membrane lipid components. Analysis of the radiolabelled TAG species suggested that erucoyl moieties were incorporated into the sn-3 position by a highly active diacylglyercol acyltransferase.

  11. Accurate Derivative Evaluation for any Grad-Shafranov Solver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricketson, L F; Rachh, M; Freidberg, J P

    2015-01-01

    We present a numerical scheme that can be combined with any fixed boundary finite element based Poisson or Grad-Shafranov solver to compute the first and second partial derivatives of the solution to these equations with the same order of convergence as the solution itself. At the heart of our scheme is an efficient and accurate computation of the Dirichlet to Neumann map through the evaluation of a singular volume integral and the solution to a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. Our numerical method is particularly useful for magnetic confinement fusion simulations, since it allows the evaluation of quantities such as the magnetic field, the parallel current density and the magnetic curvature with much higher accuracy than has been previously feasible on the affordable coarse grids that are usually implemented.

  12. Membrane extraction with thermodynamically unstable diphosphonic acid derivatives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horwitz, E.P.; Gatrone, R.C.; Nash, K.L.

    1997-10-14

    Thermodynamically-unstable complexing agents which are diphosphonic acids and diphosphonic acid derivatives (or sulphur containing analogs), like carboxyhydroxymethanediphosphonic acid and vinylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, are capable of complexing with metal ions, and especially metal ions in the II, III, IV, V and VI oxidation states, to form stable, water-soluble metal ion complexes in moderately alkaline to highly-acidic media. However, the complexing agents can be decomposed, under mild conditions, into non-organic compounds which, for many purposes are environmentally-nondamaging compounds thereby degrading the complex and releasing the metal ion for disposal or recovery. Uses for such complexing agents as well as methods for their manufacture are also described. 1 fig.

  13. Membrane extraction with thermodynamically unstable diphosphonic acid derivatives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horwitz, Earl Philip (Argonne, IL); Gatrone, Ralph Carl (Argonne, IL); Nash, Kenneth LaVerne (Argonne, IL)

    1997-01-01

    Thermodynamically-unstable complexing agents which are diphosphonic acids and diphosphonic acid derivatives (or sulphur containing analogs), like carboxyhydroxymethanediphosphonic acid and vinylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, are capable of complexing with metal ions, and especially metal ions in the II, III, IV, V and VI oxidation states, to form stable, water-soluble metal ion complexes in moderately alkaline to highly-acidic media. However, the complexing agents can be decomposed, under mild conditions, into non-organic compounds which, for many purposes are environmentally-nondamaging compounds thereby degrading the complex and releasing the metal ion for disposal or recovery. Uses for such complexing agents as well as methods for their manufacture are also described.

  14. Ecological objectives can be achieved with wood-derived bioenergy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dale, Virginia H.; Kline, Keith L.; Marland, Gregg; Miner, Reid A.

    2015-08-01

    Renewable, biomass-based energy options can reduce the climate impacts of fossil fuels. However, calculating the effects of wood-derived bioenergy on greenhouse gases (GHGs), and thus on climate, is complicated (Miner et al. 2015). To clarify concerns and options about bioenergy, in November 2014, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produced a second draft of its Framework for Assessing Biogenic CO2 Emissions fromStationary Sources (http://1.usa.gov/1dikgHq), which considers the latest scientific information and input from stakeholders. In addition, the EPA is expected to make decisions soon about the use of woody biomass under the Clean Power Plan, which sets targets for carbonmore »pollution from power plants.« less

  15. Combustion of refuse derived fuel in a fluidized bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piao, Guilin; Aono, Shigeru; Mori, Shigekatsu; Deguchi, Seiichi; Fujima, Yukihisa; Kondoh, Motohiro; Yamaguchi, Masataka

    1998-12-31

    Power generation from Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) is an attractive utilization technology of municipal solid waste. To explain the behavior of RDF-fired fluidized bed incinerator, the commercial size RDF was continuously burnt in a 30 x 30 cm bubbling type fluidized-bed combustor. It was found that 12 kg/h of RDF feed rate was too high feed for this test unit and the Co level was higher than 500 ppm. However, 10 kg/h of RDF was a proper feed rate and the Co level was kept under 150 ppm. Secondary air injection and changing air ratio from the pipe grid were effective for the complete combustion of RDE. It was also found that HCl concentration in flue gas was controlled by the calcium component contained in RDF and its level was decreased with decreasing the combustor temperature.

  16. Extracting metal ions with diphosphonic acid, or derivative thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horwitz, E.P.; Gatrone, R.C.; Nash, K.L.

    1994-07-26

    Thermodynamically-unstable complexing agents which are diphosphonic acids and diphosphonic acid derivatives (or sulfur containing analogs), like carboxyhydroxymethanediphosphonic acid and vinylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, are capable of complexing with metal ions, and especially metal ions in the II, III, IV, V and VI oxidation states, to form stable, water-soluble metal ion complexes in moderately alkaline to highly-acidic media. However, the complexing agents can be decomposed, under mild conditions, into non-organic compounds which, for many purposes are environmentally-nondamaging compounds thereby degrading the complex and releasing the metal ion for disposal or recovery. Uses for such complexing agents as well as methods for their manufacture are also described. 1 fig.

  17. Polymer quantization, stability and higher-order time derivative terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cumsille, Patricio; Ossandon, Sebastian; Reyes, Camilo

    2015-01-01

    The stability of higher-order time derivative theories using the polymer extension of quantum mechanics is studied. First, we focus on the well-known Pais-Uhlenbeck model and by casting the theory into the sum of two decoupled harmonic oscillators we show that the energy spectrum is composed with positive and negative energy parts. The Schrodinger quantization of the model with creation and annihilations operators leads to a theory with unbounded Hamiltonian that can be interpreted in terms of normal particles and Lee-Wick-like particles responsible for the instability. We investigate whether the fundamental discreetness implicit in the polymer quantization can regularize the effects of the negative energies introduced by the Lee-Wick-like particles which are associated to a high-energy scale. Precisely, we show that the polymer quantization leads to a positive defined Hamiltonian whose stability is improved as the number of Lee-Wick-like particles grows.

  18. Relativistic nuclear matter with alternative derivative coupling models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delfino, A.; Coelho, C.T.; Malheiro, M. (Instituto de Fisica-Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de Sao Joao Batista s/n, 24020-004 Centro, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

    1995-04-01

    Effective Lagrangians involving nucleons coupled to scalar and vector fields are investigated within the framework of relativistic mean-field theory. The study presents the traditional Walecka model and different kinds of scalar derivative couplings suggested by Zimanyi and Moszkowski. The incompressibility (presented in an analytical form), scalar potential, and vector potential at the saturation point of nuclear matter are compared for these models. The real optical potential for the models are calculated and one of the models fits well the experimental curve from [minus]50 to 400 MeV while also giving a soft equation of state. By varying the coupling constants and keeping the saturation point of nuclear matter approximately fixed, only the Walecka model presents a first order phase transition for finite temperature at zero density.

  19. Production of aligned microfibers and nanofibers and derived functional monoliths

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hu, Michael Z. (Knoxville, TN); DePaoli, David W. (Knoxville, TN); Kuritz, Tanya (Kingston, TN); Omatete, Ogbemi (New Port Richey, FL)

    2007-08-14

    The present invention comprises a method for producing microfibers and nanofibers and further fabricating derived solid monolithic materials having aligned uniform micro- or nanofibrils. A method for producing fibers ranging in diameter from micrometer-sized to nanometer-sized comprises the steps of producing an electric field and preparing a solid precipitative reaction media wherein the media comprises at least one chemical reactive precursor and a solvent having low electrical conductivity and wherein a solid precipitation reaction process for nucleation and growth of a solid phase occurs within the media. Then, subjecting the media to the electric field to induce in-situ growth of microfibers or nanofibers during the reaction process within the media causing precipitative growth of solid phase particles wherein the reaction conditions and reaction kinetics control the size, morphology and composition of the fibers. The fibers can then be wet pressed while under electric field into a solid monolith slab, dried and consolidated.

  20. Thermoelectric DC conductivities with momentum dissipation from higher derivative gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Cheng; Xian-Hui Ge; Zu-Yao Sun

    2015-04-28

    We present a mechanism of momentum relaxation in higher derivative gravity by adding linear scalar fields to the Gauss-Bonnet theory. We analytically computed all of the DC thermoelectric conductivities in this theory by adopting the method given by Donos and Gauntlett in [arXiv:1406.4742]. The results show that the DC electric conductivity is not a monotonic function of the effective impurity parameter $\\beta$: in the small $\\beta$ limit, the DC conductivity is dominated by the coherent phase, while for larger $\\beta$, pair creation contribution to the conductivity becomes dominant, signaling an incoherent phase. In addition, the DC heat conductivity is found independent of the Gauss-Bonnet coupling constant.

  1. Polymer quantization, stability and higher-order time derivative terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricio Cumsille; Carlos M. Reyes; Sebastian Ossandon; Camilo Reyes

    2015-03-24

    The stability of higher-order time derivative theories using the polymer extension of quantum mechanics is studied. First, we focus on the well-known Pais-Uhlenbeck model and by casting the theory into the sum of two decoupled harmonic oscillators we show that the energy spectrum is composed with positive and negative energy parts. The Schrodinger quantization of the model with creation and annihilations operators leads to a theory with unbounded Hamiltonian that can be interpreted in terms of normal particles and Lee-Wick-like particles responsible for the instability. We investigate whether the fundamental discreetness implicit in the polymer quantization can regularize the effects of the negative energies introduced by the Lee-Wick-like particles which are associated to a high-energy scale. Precisely, we show that the polymer quantization leads to a positive defined Hamiltonian whose stability is improved as the number of Lee-Wick-like particles grows.

  2. Fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon. Phase I final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennel, E.B.; Zondlo, J.W.; Cessna, T.J.

    1999-06-30

    This project involves the simultaneous production of clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon and sulfur, along with value-added carbon nanofibers. This can be accomplished because the nanofiber production process removes carbon via a catalyzed pyrolysis reaction, which also has the effect of removing 99.9% of the sulfur, which is trapped in the nanofibers. The reaction is mildly endothermic, meaning that net energy production with real reductions in greenhouse emissions are possible. In Phase I research, the feasibility of generating clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon was demonstrated by the successful design, construction and operation of a facility capable of utilizing coal as well as natural gas as an inlet feedstock. In the case of coal, for example, reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions can be as much as 70% (normalized according to kilowatts produced), with the majority of carbon safely sequestered in the form of carbon nanofibers or coke. Both of these products are value-added commodities, indicating that low-emission coal fuel can be done at a profit rather than a loss as is the case with most clean-up schemes. The main results of this project were as follows: (1) It was shown that the nanofiber production process produces hydrogen as a byproduct. (2) The hydrogen, or hydrogen-rich hydrocarbon mixture can be consumed with net release of enthalpy. (3) The greenhouse gas emissions from both coal and natural gas are significantly reduced. Because coal consumption also creates coke, the carbon emission can be reduced by 75% per kilowatt-hour of power produced.

  3. Micro-PIXE characterization of interactions between a sol-gel derived bioactive glass and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - 1 - Micro-PIXE characterization of interactions between a sol-gel derived bioactive glass the different steps of this bioactivity process via a complete micro-PIXE characterization of a sol- gel derived

  4. An Equilibrium Pricing Model for Weather Derivatives in a Multi-commodity Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2008-01-01

    e?ects and valuation of weather derivatives. The FinancialWei, J. (1999). Pricing weather derivative: an equilibrium2005). An introduction to cme weather products. www.cme.com/

  5. Structural reorganization in films of cellulose derivatives in the presence of colloidal particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Pulak

    Structural reorganization in films of cellulose derivatives in the presence of colloidal particles of two ethers of cellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) and hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC), with dispersed-ray reflectivity; Cellulose derivatives; Silica particles 1. Introduction In recent years, macromolecular

  6. Nitrated and oxygenated derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ambient air of two

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Nitrated and oxygenated derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ambient air of two;2 Abstract The size distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH derivatives of compounds. Keywords: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Oxygenated

  7. An Overview of NREL's Online Data Tool for Fuel Cell System-Derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    An Overview of NREL's Online Data Tool for Fuel Cell System-Derived Contaminants An Overview of NREL's Online Data Tool for Fuel Cell System-Derived Contaminants Download...

  8. Sources and distribution of CuO-derived benzene carboxylic acids in soils and sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    Sources and distribution of CuO-derived benzene carboxylic acids in soils and sediments Angela F vas- cular plant-derived OC, through the environment. The method produces a suite of benzene

  9. A Comparison of Data-Derived and Knowledge-Based Modeling of Pronunciation Variation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wester, Mirjam; Fosler-Lussier, Eric

    This paper focuses on modeling pronunciation variation in two different ways: data-derived and knowledge-based. The knowledge-based approach consists of using phonological rules to generate variants. The data-derived approach consists of performing...

  10. Kinetics of the Reactions of Isoprene-Derived Epoxides in Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elrod, Matthew J.

    for isoprene- and 1,3-butadiene- derived epoxides in order to determine the rates for such reactions

  11. Integrated Product Line Model for Semi-Automated Product Derivation Using Non-Functional Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaestner, Christian

    Integrated Product Line Model for Semi-Automated Product Derivation Using Non-Functional Properties product lines (SPLs) allow to generate tailor- made software products by selecting and composing reusable an appro- priate support for semi-automated product derivation. We envision this derivation to be extended

  12. Dominant dimensions, derived equivalences and tilting modules Hongxing Chen and Changchang Xi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi, Changchang

    Dominant dimensions, derived equivalences and tilting modules Hongxing Chen and Changchang Xi by understanding this conjecture in the context of derived categories, we study dominant dimensions of algebras under derived equivalences induced by tilting modules, specifically, the infinity of dominant dimensions

  13. Characterization of axon guidance cue sensitivity of human embryonic stem cell-derived dopaminergic neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Susan

    Characterization of axon guidance cue sensitivity of human embryonic stem cell-derived dopaminergic derived from human embryonic stem cells will be useful in future transplantation studies of Parkinson of hESC-derived neurons to respond to axon guidance cues will be critical. Both Netrin-1 and Slit-2

  14. Controlling Mechanical Properties of Porous Mullite/Alumina Mixtures Via Precursor-Derived Alumina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zok, Frank

    Controlling Mechanical Properties of Porous Mullite/Alumina Mixtures Via Precursor-Derived Alumina- ity of a precursor-derived alumina (PDA) in controlling both the modulus and the toughness of mullite on porous mullite/alumina compacts with varying amounts of precursor-derived alumina (PDA) and com- parisons

  15. Improving the Performance of MPI Derived Datatypes by Optimizing Memory-Access Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Xian-He

    1 Improving the Performance of MPI Derived Datatypes by Optimizing Memory-Access Cost Surendra Byna Argonne, IL 60439 {gropp, thakur}@mcs.anl.gov Abstract The MPI Standard supports derived datatypes, which data. In practice, however, few MPI implementations implement derived datatypes in a way that performs

  16. Our Axiom (1) Can't Be Derived from Skyrms's Six "Rules" Branden Fitelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Our Axiom (1) Can't Be Derived from Skyrms's Six "Rules" Branden Fitelson 02/10/07 The argument has three steps: Step 1. Skyrms's six rules can be derived from Axioms (2) and (3). You will show this on your first problem set. Step 2. Axiom (1) can't be derived from Axioms (2) and (3). To show this

  17. BRIEF COMMUNICATION Protein-Polymer Grafts via a Soy Protein Derived Macro-RAFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bong, Dennis

    BRIEF COMMUNICATION Protein-Polymer Grafts via a Soy Protein Derived Macro-RAFT Chain Transfer Methodology to produce materials derived from renewable resources is of great importance in decreasing both of renewable resource derived materials are enabling from economic, environmental, industrial and basic science

  18. Role of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Target Invasion in the Gustatory System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibáñez, Carlos

    Role of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Target Invasion in the Gustatory System Thomas of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF of the pos- terior part of the tongue is derived from the petrosal ganglion, whereas trigeminal neurons

  19. ON THE NOTION OF DERIVED TAMENESS CHRISTOF GEISS AND HENNING KRAUSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiß, Christof

    ON THE NOTION OF DERIVED TAMENESS CHRISTOF GEISS AND HENNING KRAUSE Introduction Let # be a finite on arbitrarily many continuous parameters. Let D b (mod #) denote the derived category of bounded complexes natural definitions for the notion of derived tameness. The first definition (see Definition 1

  20. GMCL #289973, VOL 483, ISS 1 Some Nanocomposites Based On A Glycerol-Derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark, James E.

    GMCL #289973, VOL 483, ISS 1 Some Nanocomposites Based On A Glycerol-Derived Alkyd Resin your paper exactly as it appears below: Some Nanocomposites Based On A Glycerol-Derived Alkyd Resin Nanocomposites Based On A Glycerol-Derived Alkyd Resin and Layered Silicates Gui Lin1 , Xiujuan Zhang1 , Ying Li1

  1. GENERATORS AND DIMENSIONS OF DERIVED CATEGORIES OF MODULES TAKUMA AIHARA AND RYO TAKAHASHI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, Ryo

    GENERATORS AND DIMENSIONS OF DERIVED CATEGORIES OF MODULES TAKUMA AIHARA AND RYO TAKAHASHI Abstract of a triangulated category, and Rouquier proved that the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on a separated of the bounded derived category of finitely generated modules over a commutative Noetherian ring. The main result

  2. Design and formulation of functional pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac microtissues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    Design and formulation of functional pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac microtissues Nimalan to guide the design of aligned and functional 3D human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)- derived cardiac propagation. Furthermore, screening a range of hPSC-derived cardiac cell ratios identified that 75% NKX2 Homeo

  3. A depth-derived Pleistocene age model: Uncertainty estimates, sedimentation variability, and nonlinear climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Carl

    A depth-derived Pleistocene age model: Uncertainty estimates, sedimentation variability. To avoid biasing this ``depth-derived'' age estimate, the depth scale is first corrected for the effects sediment accumulation rates are estimated and modeled as an autocorrelated stochastic process. Depth-derived

  4. Urocortin 3 Marks Mature Human Primary and Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Pancreatic Alpha and Beta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sander, Maike

    Urocortin 3 Marks Mature Human Primary and Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Pancreatic Alpha and Beta cells. To substantiate these findings, we analyzed human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived pancreatic endoderm that differentiates into mature endocrine cells upon engraftment in mice. Ucn 3 expression in hESC-derived

  5. Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities mineral soil microbes. ·The results provided quantitative evidence that root-derived C is the major (>60: Microbial communities in soil A horizons derive their carbon from several potential sources: organic carbon

  6. Derived equivalences for -Auslander-Yoneda algebras Wei Hu, Changchang Xi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi, Changchang

    Derived equivalences for -Auslander-Yoneda algebras Wei Hu, Changchang Xi School of Mathematical derived equivalences between these -Auslander-Yoneda algebras (not necessarily Artin algebras), or their quotient algebras, from a given almost -stable derived equivalence. As consequences of our method, we have

  7. HEMATOPOIESIS Soluble factor cross-talk between human bone marrow-derived hematopoietic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    HEMATOPOIESIS Soluble factor cross-talk between human bone marrow-derived hematopoietic BM-derived progenitors and the balance between these compartments. Factorial experiments demonstrated45 ) and nonhematopoietic (CD45 ) cells, as well as their derivatives. Kinetic tracking of IL-3

  8. Interrogating functional integration between injected pluripotent stem cell-derived cells and surrogate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    Interrogating functional integration between injected pluripotent stem cell-derived cells fibroblasts (cFBs), and screened for the integration potential of ESC-derived CMs and CPs (ESC-CMs and -CPs the potential to generate bona fide CMs and other derivatives (3­5). Using cardiac promoter specific selection

  9. Error Analysis of Bathymetric Data Derived from IKONOS Imagery Location: Tutuila Island, American Samoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    1 Error Analysis of Bathymetric Data Derived from IKONOS Imagery Location: Tutuila Island, American) / NOAA Fisheries' Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) Analysis Overview Bathymetric data were derived analyzed to extend the spatial coverage of the final derived bathymetry product. The imagery was provided

  10. Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Yongkang

    Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model the impact of two different remote sensing­derived leaf area index (RSLAI) datasets retrieved from the same using the RSLAI and other satellite-derived land surface products showed sub- stantial improvements

  11. Donor-Derived, Liver-Specific Protein Expression after Bone Marrow Transplantation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    Donor-Derived, Liver-Specific Protein Expression after Bone Marrow Transplantation D. Denison mechanism to deliver a functional gene to a deficient liver. Bone marrow-derived hepatocytes are rare to treat liver disease is unclear. We sought to quantify bone marrow-derived hepatocyte protein expression

  12. A Non-Contact Suspension Culture Approach to the Culture of Osteogenic Cells Derived from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    ARTICLE A Non-Contact Suspension Culture Approach to the Culture of Osteogenic Cells Derived from a CD49elow Subpopulation of Human Bone Marrow-Derived Cells Dolores Baksh,1,2 Peter W. Zandstra,1 markers that can be used to identify BM-derived MSCs as mesenchymal stem cells, as described by Dominici

  13. Uptake of salmon-derived nitrogen by mosses and liverworts in coastal British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reimchen, Thomas E.

    Uptake of salmon-derived nitrogen by mosses and liverworts in coastal British Columbia C. E of salmon-derived nitrogen by mosses and liverworts in coastal British Columbia. Á/ Oikos 108: 85Á/98 to the salmon stream. These data suggest an important contribution of salmon-derived nutrients to the non

  14. Minimizing Glovebox Glove Breaches, Part III: Deriving Service Lifetimes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cournoyer, M.E.; Wilson, K.V.; Maestas, M.M.; Schreiber, S.

    2006-07-01

    At the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility, various isotopes of plutonium along with other actinides are handled in a glove box environment. Weapons-grade plutonium consists mainly in Pu-239. Pu-238 is another isotope used for heat sources. The Pu-238 is more aggressive regarding gloves due to its higher alpha-emitting characteristic ({approx}300 times more active than Pu-239), which modifies the change-out intervals for gloves. Optimization of the change-out intervals for gloves is fundamental since Nuclear Materials Technology (NMT) Division generates approximately 4 m{sup 3}/yr of TRU waste from the disposal of glovebox gloves. To reduce the number of glovebox glove failures, the NMT Division pro-actively investigates processes and procedures that minimize glove failures. Aging studies have been conducted that correlate changes in mechanical (physical) properties with degradation chemistry. This present work derives glovebox glove change intervals based on mechanical data of thermally aged Hypalon{sup R}, and Butasol{sup R} glove samples. Information from this study represent an important baseline in gauging the acceptable standards for polymeric gloves used in a laboratory glovebox environment and will be used later to account for possible presence of dose-rate or synergistic effects in 'combined-environment'. In addition, excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone and excess exposure to the radiological sources associated with unplanned breaches in the glovebox are reduced. (authors)

  15. New second derivative theories of gravity for spherically symmetric spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakesh Tibrewala

    2015-03-17

    We present new second derivative, generally covariant theories of gravity for spherically symmetric spacetimes (general covariance is in the $t-r$ plane) belonging to the class where the spherically symmetric Einstein-Hilbert theory is modified by the presence of $g_{\\theta\\theta}$ dependent functions. In $3+1$ dimensional vacuum spacetimes there is three-fold infinity of freedom in constructing such theories as revealed by the presence of three arbitrary $g_{\\theta\\theta}$ dependent functions in the Hamiltonian (matter Hamiltonian also has the corresponding freedom). This result is not a contradiction to the theorem of Hojman et. al. [1] which is applicable to the full theory whereas the above conclusion is for symmetry reduced sector of the theory (which has a much reduced phase space). In the full theory where there are no special symmetries, the result of Hojman et. al. will continue to hold. In the process we also show that theories where the constraint algebra is deformed by the presence of $g_{\\theta\\theta}$ dependent functions - as is the case in the presence of inverse triad corrections in loop quantum gravity - can always be brought to the form where they obey the standard (undeformed) constraint algebra by performing a suitable canonical transformation. We prove that theories obtained after performing canonical transformation are inequivalent to the symmetry reduced general relativity and that the resulting theories fall within the purview of the theories mentioned above.

  16. Inflationary magnetogenesis, derivative couplings and relativistic Van der Waals interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovannini, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    When the gauge fields have derivative couplings to scalars, like in the case of the relativistic theory of Van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interactions, conformal invariance is broken but the magnetic and electric susceptibilities are not bound to coincide. We analyze the formation of large-scale magnetic fields in slow-roll inflation and find that they are generated at the level of few hundredths of a nG and over typical length scales between few Mpc and $100$ Mpc. Using a new time parametrization that reduces to conformal time but only for coincident susceptibilities, the gauge action is quantized while the evolution equations of the corresponding mode functions are more easily solvable. The power spectra depend on the normalized rates of variation of the two susceptibilities (or of the corresponding gauge couplings) and on the absolute value of their ratio at the beginning of inflation. We pin down explicit regions in the parameter space where all the physical requirements (i.e. the backreaction constrai...

  17. Inflationary magnetogenesis, derivative couplings and relativistic Van der Waals interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Giovannini

    2015-06-12

    When the gauge fields have derivative couplings to scalars, like in the case of the relativistic theory of Van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interactions, conformal invariance is broken but the magnetic and electric susceptibilities are not bound to coincide. We analyze the formation of large-scale magnetic fields in slow-roll inflation and find that they are generated at the level of few hundredths of a nG and over typical length scales between few Mpc and $100$ Mpc. Using a new time parametrization that reduces to conformal time but only for coincident susceptibilities, the gauge action is quantized while the evolution equations of the corresponding mode functions are more easily solvable. The power spectra depend on the normalized rates of variation of the two susceptibilities (or of the corresponding gauge couplings) and on the absolute value of their ratio at the beginning of inflation. We pin down explicit regions in the parameter space where all the physical requirements (i.e. the backreaction constraints, the magnetogenesis bounds and the naturalness of the initial conditions of the scenario) are jointly satisfied. Weakly coupled initial data are favoured if the gauge couplings are of the same order at the end of inflation. Duality is systematically used to simplify the analysis of the wide parameter space of the model.

  18. Derived annual estimates of manufacturing energy consumption, 1974--1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-05

    This report presents a complete series of annual estimates of purchased energy used by the manufacturing sector of the US economy, for the years 1974 to 1988. These estimates interpolate over gaps in the actual data collections, by deriving estimates for the missing years 1982--1984 and 1986--1987. For the purposes of this report, ``purchased`` energy is energy brought from offsite for use at manufacturing establishments, whether the energy is purchased from an energy vendor or procured from some other source. The actual data on purchased energy comes from two sources, the US Department of Commerce Bureau of the Census`s Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) and EIA`s Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). The ASM provides annual estimates for the years 1974 to 1981. However, in 1982 (and subsequent years) the scope of the ASM energy data was reduced to collect only electricity consumption and expenditures and total expenditures for other purchased energy. In 1985, EIA initiated the triennial MECS collecting complete energy data. The series equivalent to the ASM is referred to in the MECS as ``offsite-produced fuels.``

  19. Isolation of levoglucosan from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moens, L.

    1994-12-06

    High purity levoglucosan is obtained from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose by: mixing pyrolysis oil with water and a basic metal hydroxide, oxide, or salt in amount sufficient to elevate pH values to a range of from about 12 to about 12.5, and adding an amount of the hydroxide, oxide, or salt in excess of the amount needed to obtain the pH range until colored materials of impurities from the oil are removed and a slurry is formed; drying the slurry azeotropically with methyl isobutyl ketone solvent to form a residue, and further drying the residue by evaporation; reducing the residue into a powder; continuously extracting the powder residue with ethyl acetate to provide a levoglucosan-rich extract; and concentrating the extract by removing ethyl acetate to provide crystalline levoglucosan. Preferably, Ca(OH)[sub 2] is added to adjust the pH to the elevated values, and then Ca(OH)[sub 2] is added in an excess amount needed. 3 figures.

  20. Isolation of levoglucosan from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moens, Luc (Lakewood, CO)

    1994-01-01

    High purity levoglucosan is obtained from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose by: mixing pyrolysis oil with water and a basic metal hydroxide, oxide, or salt in amount sufficient to elevate pH values to a range of from about 12 to about 12.5, and adding an amount of the hydroxide, oxide, or salt in excess of the amount needed to obtain the pH range until colored materials of impurities from the oil are removed and a slurry is formed; drying the slurry azeotropically with methyl isobutyl ketone solvent to form a residue, and further drying the residue by evaporation; reducing the residue into a powder; continuously extracting the powder residue with ethyl acetate to provide a levoglucosan-rich extract; and concentrating the extract by removing ethyl acetate to provide crystalline levoglucosan. Preferably, Ca(OH).sub.2 is added to adjust the pH to the elevated values, and then Ca(OH).sub.2 is added in an excess amount needed.

  1. Utilization of refuse derived fuels by the United States Navy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehr, D.L.

    1983-07-01

    The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act are forcing those in charge of landfills to adhere to more stringent operating standards. This, along with the growing scarcity of landfill availability, makes the use of landfills less desirable for solid waste disposal. As such, new disposal methods that are environmentally safe and economically practical must be found. One alternative, that is not really new but which has gained renewed interest, is incineration. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act also requires that government agencies should direct their installations to recover as many resources as possible. Therefore if incineration is to be implemented, heat recovery should be incorporated into the system. There are several processes available to convert raw refuse into a fuel for use in a heat recovery system. Refuse derived fuels (RDF) can be in the form of raw refuse, densified refuse, powdered refuse, gas, or pyrolytic oil. The only form of RDF that is economically feasible for systems designed to process less than 200 TPD (tons per day) is raw refuse. Most Navy bases generate far less than 200 TPD of solid waste and therefore the Navy has focused most of its attention on modular heat recovery incinerator (HRI) systems that utilize raw refuse as fuel.

  2. Development of alternative fuels from coal-derived syngas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D.M.

    1992-05-19

    The overall objectives of this program are to investigate potential technologies for the conversion of coal-derived synthesis gas to oxygenated fuels, hydrocarbon fuels, fuel intermediates, and octane enhancers; and to demonstrate the most promising technologies at DOE's LaPorte, Texas, Slurry Phase Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU). BASF continues to have difficulties in scaling-up the new isobutanol synthesis catalyst developed in Air Products' laboratories. Investigations are proceeding, but the proposed operation at LaPorte in April is now postponed. DOE has accepted a proposal to demonstrate Liquid Phase Shift (LPS) chemistry at LaPorte as an alternative to isobutanol. There are two principal reasons for carrying out this run. First, following the extensive modifications at the site, operation on a relatively benign'' system is needed before we start on Fischer-Tropsch technology in July. Second, use of shift catalyst in a slurry reactor will enable DOE's program on coal-based Fischer-Tropsch to encompass commercially available cobalt catalysts-up to now they have been limited to iron-based catalysts which have varying degrees of shift activity. In addition, DOE is supportive of continued fuel testing of LaPorte methanol-tests of MIOO at Detroit Diesel have been going particularly well. LPS offers the opportunity to produce methanol as the catalyst, in the absence of steam, is active for methanol synthesis.

  3. Spectroscopic characteristics of the cyanomethyl anion and its deuterated derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majumdar, Liton; Chakrabarti, Sandip K

    2013-01-01

    It has long been suggested that CH2CN- might be a carrier of one of the many poorly characterized diffuse interstellar bands. In this paper, our aim is to study various forms of CH2CN in the interstellar medium. Aim of this paper is to predict spectroscopic characteristics of various forms of CH2CN and its deuterated derivatives. Moreover, we would like to model the interstellar chemistry for making predictions for the column densities of such species around dark cloud conditions. A detailed quantum chemical simulations to present the spectral properties of various forms of the CH2CN. MP2 theory along with the aug-CCPVTZ basis set is used to obtain different spectroscopic constants of CH2CN-, CHDCN- and CD2CN- in the gas phase which are essential to predict rotational spectra of these species. We performed quantum chemical calculation to find out energetically the most stable spin states for these species. We have computed IR and electronic absorption spectra for different forms of CH2CN. Moreover, we have al...

  4. Derivative discontinuity with localized Hartree-Fock potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarov, V U

    2015-01-01

    The localized Hartree-Fock potential has proven to be a computationally efficient alternative to the optimized effective potential, preserving the numerical accuracy of the latter and respecting the exact properties of being self-interaction free and having the correct $-1/r$ asymptotics. In this paper we extend the localized Hartree-Fock potential to fractional particle numbers and observe that it yields derivative discontinuities in the energy as required by the exact theory. The discontinuities are numerically close to those of the computationally more demanding Hartree-Fock method. Our potential enjoys a "direct-energy" property, whereby the energy of the system is given by the sum of the single-particle eigenvalues multiplied by the corresponding occupation numbers. The discontinuities $c_\\uparrow$ and $c_\\downarrow$ of the spin-components of the potential at integer particle numbers $N_\\uparrow$ and $N_\\downarrow$ satisfy the condition $c_\\uparrow N_\\uparrow+c_\\downarrow N_\\downarrow=0$. Thus, joining t...

  5. Synthesis of Methyl Methacrylate from Coal-Derived Syngas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerald N. Choi; James J. Spivey; Jospeh R. Zoeller; Makarand R. Gogate; Richard D. Colberg; Samuel S. Tam

    1998-04-17

    Research Triangle Institute (RTI), Eastman Chemical Company, and Bechtel collectively are developing a novel three-step process for the synthesis of methyl methacrylate (MMA) from coal-derived syngas that consists of the steps of synthesis of a propionate, its condensation with formaldehyde to form methacrylic acid (MAA), and esterification of MAA with methanol to produce MMA. RTI has completed the research on the three-step methanol-based route to MMA. Under an extension to the original contract, RTI is currently evaluating a new DME-based process for MMA. The key research need for DME route is to develop catalysts for DME partial oxidation reactions and DME condensation reactions. Over the last month, RTI has finalized the design of a fixed-bed microreactor system for DME partial oxidation reactions. RTI incorporated some design changes to the feed blending system, so as to be able to blend varying proportions of DME and oxygen. RTI has also examined the flammability limits of DME-air mixtures. Since the lower flammability limit of DME in air is 3.6 volume percent, RTI will use a nominal feed composition of 1.6 percent in air, which is less than half the lower explosion limit for DME-air mixtures. This nominal feed composition is thus considered operationally safe, for DME partial oxidation reactions. RTI is also currently developing an analytical system for DME partial oxidation reaction system.

  6. Deriving Particle Distributions from In-Line Fraunhofer Holographic Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.A. Ciarcia; D.E. Johnson; D.S. Sorenson; R.H. Frederickson, A.D. Delanoy; R.M. Malone; T.W. Tunnel

    1997-08-01

    Holographic data are acquired during hydrodynamic experiments at the Pegasus Pulsed Power Facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. These experiments produce a fine spray of fast-moving particles. Snapshots of the spray are captured using in-line Fraunhofer holographic techniques. Roughly one cubic centimeter is recorded by the hologram. Minimum detectable particle size in the data extends down to 2 microns. In a holography reconstruction system, a laser illuminates the hologram as it rests in a three-axis actuator, recreating the snapshot of the experiment. A computer guides the actuators through an orderly sequence programmed by the user. At selected intervals, slices of this volume are captured and digitized with a CCD camera. Intermittent on-line processing of the image data and computer control of the camera functions optimizes statistics of the acquired image data for off-line processing. Tens of thousands of individual data frames (30 to 40 gigabytes of data) are required to recreate a digital representation of the snapshot. Throughput of the reduction system is 550 megabytes per hour (MB/hr). Objects and associated features from the data are subsequently extracted during off-line processing. Discrimination and correlation tests reject noise, eliminate multiple counting of particles, and build an error model to estimate performance. Objects surviving these tests are classified as particles. The particle distributions are derived from the data base formed by these particles, their locations and features. Throughput of the off-line processing exceeds 500 MB/hr. This paper describes the reduction system, outlines the off-line processing procedure, summarizes the discrimination and correlation tests, and reports numerical results for a sample data set.

  7. Promise and Challenges of Microalgal-Derived Biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pienkos, P. T.; Darzins, A.

    2009-01-01

    Microalgae offer great promise to contribute a significant portion of the renewable fuels that will be required by the Renewable Fuels Standard described in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act of the United States. Algal biofuels would be based mainly on the high lipid content of the algal cell and thus would be an ideal feedstock for high energy density transportation fuels, such as biodiesel as well as green diesel, green jet fuel and green gasoline. A comprehensive research and development program for the development of algal biofuels was initiated by the US Department of Energy (DoE) more than 30 years ago, and although great progress was made, the program was discontinued in 1996, because of decreasing federal budgets and low petroleum costs. Interest in algal biofuels has been growing recently due to increased concern over peak oil, energy security, greenhouse gas emissions, and the potential for other biofuel feedstocks to compete for limited agricultural resources. The high productivity of algae suggests that much of the US transportation fuel needs can be met by algal biofuels at a production cost competitive with the cost of petroleum seen during the early part of 2008. Development of algal biomass production technology, however, remains in its infancy. This perspective provides a brief overview of past algal research sponsored by the DoE, the potential of microalgal biofuels and a discussion of the technical and economic barriers that need to be overcome before production of microalgal-derived diesel-fuel substitutes can become a large-scale commercial reality.

  8. Marine sediment-derived actinomycetes : prolific sources of new molecules with the potential for the treatment and prevention of cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Eric David

    2007-01-01

    Hexadepsipeptides from a Marine-Derived Bacterium of theHexadepsipeptides from a Marine-Derived Bacterium of theHexadepsipeptides from a Marine-Derived Bacterium of the

  9. The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-positive bacterium crossed the desert to become an archaeon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valas, Ruben E; Bourne, Philip E

    2011-01-01

    Bourne: The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-Access The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-evidence that archaea are derived, as well as their biggest

  10. BMP4 sufficiency to induce choroid plexus epithelial fate from embryonic stem cell-derived neuroepithelial progenitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    from embryonic stem cell-derived neuroepithelial progenitorsobserved in primary CPEC-derived vesicles, which were alsoFig. 4N). The SFEBq-derived vesicles expressed Aqp1 (Fig. 4H

  11. Nucleophilic additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne : : Exploring the non-radical reactivity of a diradical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes-Rodríguez, Gabriel J.

    2013-01-01

    addition to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne. The wasaddition to a p-benzyne derived from an enediyne”. Perrin,additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne”.

  12. An investigation of the thermal degradation mechanisms of a waste tire through chemical analysis including hydrocarbons, benzene derivatives, and Polycyclic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    including hydrocarbons, benzene derivatives, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) at high temperature a GC/MS. Significant Volatile Organic Carbons (VOCs) including benzene derivatives, PAHs, and Hetero

  13. Deriving a model for influenza epidemics from historical data.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ray, Jaideep; Lefantzi, Sophia

    2011-09-01

    In this report we describe how we create a model for influenza epidemics from historical data collected from both civilian and military societies. We derive the model when the population of the society is unknown but the size of the epidemic is known. Our interest lies in estimating a time-dependent infection rate to within a multiplicative constant. The model form fitted is chosen for its similarity to published models for HIV and plague, enabling application of Bayesian techniques to discriminate among infectious agents during an emerging epidemic. We have developed models for the progression of influenza in human populations. The model is framed as a integral, and predicts the number of people who exhibit symptoms and seek care over a given time-period. The start and end of the time period form the limits of integration. The disease progression model, in turn, contains parameterized models for the incubation period and a time-dependent infection rate. The incubation period model is obtained from literature, and the parameters of the infection rate are fitted from historical data including both military and civilian populations. The calibrated infection rate models display a marked difference in which the 1918 Spanish Influenza pandemic differed from the influenza seasons in the US between 2001-2008 and the progression of H1N1 in Catalunya, Spain. The data for the 1918 pandemic was obtained from military populations, while the rest are country-wide or province-wide data from the twenty-first century. We see that the initial growth of infection in all cases were about the same; however, military populations were able to control the epidemic much faster i.e., the decay of the infection-rate curve is much higher. It is not clear whether this was because of the much higher level of organization present in a military society or the seriousness with which the 1918 pandemic was addressed. Each outbreak to which the influenza model was fitted yields a separate set of parameter values. We suggest 'consensus' parameter values for military and civilian populations in the form of normal distributions so that they may be further used in other applications. Representing the parameter values as distributions, instead of point values, allows us to capture the uncertainty and scatter in the parameters. Quantifying the uncertainty allows us to use these models further in inverse problems, predictions under uncertainty and various other studies involving risk.

  14. Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert C. Brown

    2007-04-06

    The goal of this project is to develop an indirectly heated gasification system that converts switchgrass into hydrogen-rich gas suitable for powering fuel cells. The project includes investigations of the indirectly-heated gasifier, development of particulate removal equipment, evaluation of catalytic methods for upgrading producer gas, development of contaminant measurement and control techniques, modeling of the thermal performance of the ballasted gasifier, and estimation of the cost of hydrogen from the proposed gasification system. Specific technologies investigated include a thermally ballasted gasifier, a moving bed granular filter, and catalytic reactors for steam reforming and water-gas shift reaction. The approach to this project was to employ a pilot-scale (5 ton per day) gasifier to evaluate the thermally ballasted gasifier as a means for producing hydrogen from switchgrass. A slipstream from the gasifier was used to evaluate gas cleaning and upgrading options. Other tests were conducted with laboratory-scale equipment using simulated producer gas. The ballasted gasifier operated in conjunction with a steam reformer and two-stage water-gas shift reactor produced gas streams containing 54.5 vol-% H2. If purge gas to the feeder system could be substantially eliminated, hydrogen concentration would reach 61 vol-%, which closely approaches the theoretical maximum of 66 vol-%. Tests with a combined catalyst/sorbent system demonstrated that steam reforming and water-gas shift reaction could be substantially performed in a single reactor and achieve hydrogen concentrations exceeding 90 vol-%. Cold flow trials with a laboratory-scale moving bed granular filter achieved particle removal efficiencies exceeding 99%. Two metal-based sorbents were tested for their ability to remove H2S from biomass-derived producer gas. The ZnO sorbent, tested at 450? C, was effective in reducing H2S from 200 ppm to less than 2 ppm (>99% reduction) while tests with the MnO sorbent were inconclusive. A computer model was developed that successfully predicted the thermal performance of the ballasted gasifier. An economic comparison of an air-blown gasification plant and a ballasted gasifier plant found that operating costs for ballasted gasification plant are about 31% higher than for the air blown gasifier plant. Hydrogen from the ballasted gasification plant and air blown gasification plant are projected to be $2.43/kg and $1.85/kg, respectively. This is lower than U.S. DOE’s 2010 target price of $2.90/kg and comparable to U.S. DOE’s 2015 target price of $2.00/kg.

  15. The Phase-space analysis of scalar fields with non-minimally derivative coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yumei Huang; Qing Gao; Yungui Gong

    2015-03-28

    We perform a dynamical analysis for the exponential scalar field with non-minimally derivative coupling. For the quintessence case, the stable fixed points are the same with and without the non-minimally derivative coupling. For the phantom case, the attractor with dark energy domination exists for the minimal coupling only. For the non-minimally derivative coupling without the standard canonical kinetic term, only the de-Sitter attractor exists, and the dark matter solution is unstable.

  16. Method for deriving information regarding stress from a stressed ferromagnetic material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jiles, D.C.

    1991-04-30

    A nondestructive evaluation technique is disclosed for deriving stress in ferromagnetic materials including deriving anhysteretic and hysteresis magnetization curves for the material in both unstressed and stressed states. The anhysteretic curve is expressed as a Langevin function. The stress is expressed as an equivalent magnetic field dependent on stress and change of magnetostriction with magnetization. By measurement of these bulk magnetic properties, stress can be derived.

  17. Abelianizations of derivation Lie algebras of free associative algebra and free Lie algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morita, Shigeyuki; Suzuki, Masaaki

    2011-01-01

    We determine the abelianizations of the following three kinds of graded Lie algebras in a certain stable range: derivations of the free associative algebra, derivations of the free Lie algebra and symplectic derivations of the free associative algebra. As an application of the last case, and by making use of a theorem of Kontsevich, we obtain a new proof of the vanishing theorem of Harer concerning the top rational cohomology group of the mapping class group with respect to its virtual cohomological dimension.

  18. Derived Category Structure and Non-linear Potential of Gauged S-Duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eiji Konishi

    2012-04-05

    Based on the modeling of type IIB string theory vacua using gauged S-duality and the Chan-Paton symmetries by introducing an infinite number of open string charges (affinization), we derive the derived category formulation of the quantum mechanical world including gravity. This leads to the concept of a non-linear potential of gauged and affinized S-duality which specifies the morphism structure of this derived category.

  19. Transmission dynamics of Avian Influenza A virus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Lu

    2015-06-29

    Influenza A virus (AIV) has an extremely high rate of mutation. Frequent exchanges of gene segments between different AIV (reassortment) have been responsible for major pandemics in recent human history. The presence of ...

  20. Selected Studies on Avian RNA Viruses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villanueva, Itamar D.

    2010-07-14

    for the diagnosis of ABV in infected birds. Second, the ability of a carbohydrate epitope to enhance the humoral immune response to an influenza vaccine was tested in chickens. Influenza is a serious infection that causes 36,000 deaths annually in the United States...

  1. Field instrumentation for vocalizing avian survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Grant (Grant Andrew)

    2007-01-01

    We present automated instruments to facilitate the monitoring of vocalizing species in their environment with minimal disruption. These devices offer recording and acoustic localization of bird calls and relay data via the ...

  2. Functional genomics of the avian circadian system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Michael J

    2006-04-12

    RNA of all 4 genes is located within the Inner Nuclear Layer (INL) and Retinal Ganglion cell Layers (RGL) of the ocular retina, where circadian photoreception is present. Second, opn4 and cry2 mRNA is expressed in the photoreceptor layer of the chick retina...

  3. Molecular Detection and Characterization of Avian Bornavirus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirhosseini, Negin

    2012-07-16

    ...... 42 Figure 7 PCR for the detection of ABV sequences in bird feces using primer mix 3. ........................................................................................... 44 Figure 8 ABV genome organization... Page Table 1 Primers used for detecting ABV ............................................................... 28 Table 2 Primer mixes and PCR conditions to detect ABV .................................... 29 Table 3 Percent nucleotide identity between...

  4. Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics in a Raphanus Hybrid-Derived Lineage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heredia, Sylvia Margarita

    2012-01-01

    CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Seed Packaging and Seed CharacteristicsFruit Wall Strength and Seed Packaging in the Hybrid-DerivedOF THE DISSERTATION Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics

  5. Exploiting alkaloid biosynthesis in Madagascar periwinkle to obtain natural product derivatives and new biocatalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Peter, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Plant alkaloid biosynthesis produces many natural products with medicinal value. For example, vinblastine and vincristine from Catharanthus roseus monoterpene indole alkaloid biosynthesis, and camptothecin derivatives from ...

  6. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reforming Targets Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006...

  7. Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Carbohydrates via Aqueous-Phase Reforming

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by Virent Energy Systems, Inc. at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  8. Assessing urban and rural neighborhood characteristics using audit and GIS data: derivation and reliability of constructs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evenson, Kelly R; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela; Herring, Amy H; Messer, Lynne; Laraia, Barbara A; Rodríguez, Daniel A

    2009-01-01

    characteristics using audit and GIS data: derivation andgeographic information system (GIS) to create environmental-such as from gov- ernment GIS sources or by review of aerial

  9. Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose of sustainable products such as nanocellulose and biocomposites from forest biomass; biorefining to develop high

  10. Density derived estimates of standing crop and net primary production in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Daniel; Rassweiler, Andrew; Arkema, Katie

    2009-01-01

    1991) Production and standing stocks of the kelp MacrocystisDensity derived estimates of standing crop and net primarycult to measure variables of standing crop and net primary

  11. A novel patient-derived intra-femoral xenograft model of bone metastatic prostate cancer that recapitulates mixed osteolytic and osteoblastic lesions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    et al. : A novel patient-derived intra-femoral xenograftTE, Lynch CC: Osteoclast-Derived Matrix Metalloproteinase-949. Lavoie , et al: Skin- derived precursors differentiate

  12. Normal and tumor-derived myoepithelial cells differ in their ability to interact with luminal breast epithelial cells for polarity and basement membrane deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudjonsson, Thorarinn

    2010-01-01

    myoepithelial cell line derived from a neonatal rat mammaryhuman breast carcinoma derived epithelial cells. Cancer Res.a serpin myoepithelium-derived serine proteinase inhibitor

  13. Genetic Knockdown of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in 3xTg-AD Mice Does Not Alter ABeta or Tau Pathology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castello, Nicholas A; Green, Kim N; LaFerla, Frank M; Ginsberg, Stephen D

    2012-01-01

    Essential role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in adult2005) Precursor form of brain- derived neurotrophic factorand mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor are decreased

  14. Evaluation of "all weather" microwave-derived land surface temperatures with in situ CEOP measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of "all weather" microwave-derived land surface temperatures with in situ CEOP conditions. Ts estimates from infrared satellite observations can only be derived under clear sky. Passive from Special Sensor Microwave/Imager measurements, with a spatial resolution of 0.25° × 0.25°, at least

  15. Generation of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Mesoderm and Cardiac Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    ARTICLE Generation of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Mesoderm and Cardiac Cells Using Size pluripotent stem cell-derived cell types at sufficiently high numbers and in a reproducible manner for the differentiation of pluripotent cells such as human embryonic stem cells (hESC) rely on the generation

  16. A new method for deriving waiting-time approximations in polling systems with renewal arrivals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mei, Rob

    . The most general results known for renewal-driven polling models are asymp- totic results, such as heavy models with renewal arrivals. Motivated by this, in this paper we propose a new method for derivingA new method for deriving waiting-time approximations in polling systems with renewal arrivals J

  17. Polling models with renewal arrivals: a new method to derive heavy-traffic asymptotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mei, Rob

    Polling models with renewal arrivals: a new method to derive heavy-traffic asymptotics R.D. van der-time distributions, zero switch-over times, gated service at each queue, and with gen- eral renewal arrival processes at each of the queues. For this classical model, we propose a new method to derive closed-form expressions

  18. Optical properties of boreal forest fire smoke derived from Sun photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    Optical properties of boreal forest fire smoke derived from Sun photometry N. T. O'Neill,1 T. F 2001; published 13 June 2002. [1] Aerosol optical properties derived from Sun photometry were: Aerosols (0305); KEYWORDS: aerosols, forest fire smoke, Sun photometry, optics 1. Introduction [2] Smoke

  19. Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity Author(s): Japa Pallikkathayil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machery, Edouard

    Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity Author(s): Japa Pallikkathayil-1704/2010/12101-0001$10.00 116 Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity* Japa Pallikkathayil Kant's Formula of Humanity famously forbids treating others merely as a means. It is unclear, however, what

  20. Systemic Risk from Global Financial Derivatives: A Network Analysis of Contagion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    #12;Systemic Risk from Global Financial Derivatives: A Network Analysis of Contagion and Its. Not for Redistribution #12;© 2012 International Monetary Fund WP/ Monetary and Capital Markets Department Systemic Risk from Global Financial Derivatives: A Network Analysis of Contagion and Its Mitigation with Super

  1. From quivers to derived categories and back The cluster category, and the main theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernhard - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    From quivers to derived categories and back The cluster category, and the main theorem Applications Summary Appendix: On the proof of the main theorem A characterization of cluster categories Bernhard of cluster categories #12;From quivers to derived categories and back The cluster category, and the main

  2. P5.60B DERIVATION OF DAYLIGHT AND SOLAR IRRADIANCE DATA FROM SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    P5.60B DERIVATION OF DAYLIGHT AND SOLAR IRRADIANCE DATA FROM SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS A. Hammer, D of the downward surface shortwave irradiance from satellite observations has been subject to numerous project SATELLIGHT an attempt is made to use satellite methods to derive daylight and solar irradiance

  3. Chapter 7. Derivatives markets. Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arcones, Miguel A.

    7. Derivatives markets. Section 7.4. Call options. Minimums and maximums Definition 1 Given two real 7. Derivatives markets. Section 7.4. Call options. Definition 3 Given a real number a, |a| = a markets. Section 7.4. Call options. c 2009. Miguel A. Arcones. All rights reserved. Extract from: "Arcones

  4. SUPPLEMENTAL TEXT Supplement 1: Derivation of the relation between D-A stoichiometry and ratio S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalet, Xavier

    1 SUPPLEMENTAL TEXT Supplement 1: Derivation of the relation between D-A stoichiometry and ratio molecule. Supplement 2: Relation of raw PRE to accurate-E: derivation Crosstalk-uncorrected proximity ratio 1 1 1 raw PR raw PR l d E E l E - + + - = - + - - (S9) #12;3 SUPPLEMENTAL FIGURE LEGENDS Fig. S1

  5. Comparisons of optical properties of the coastal ocean derived from satellite ocean color and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Grace C.

    Comparisons of optical properties of the coastal ocean derived from satellite ocean color Laboratory, Ocean Optics Section, Code 7333, Stennis Space Center, MS 39529 gould@nrlssc.navy.mil Abstract: Satellite-derived optical properties are compared to in situ mooring and ship-based measurements

  6. Mechanism for export of sediment-derived iron in an upwelling regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahadevan, Amala

    Mechanism for export of sediment-derived iron in an upwelling regime S. A. Siedlecki,1 A. Mahadevan is exported offshore through this previously unidentified subsurface pathway. If this mechanism operates on all coastal upwelling regimes, the global export of sediment-derived iron to the open ocean would

  7. Specific Recognition of p53 Tetramers by Peptides Derived from p53 Interacting Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    Specific Recognition of p53 Tetramers by Peptides Derived from p53 Interacting Proteins Ronen to p53 tetramers. Our results indicate that the protein-protein interactions of p53 are dependent Tetramers by Peptides Derived from p53 Interacting Proteins. PLoS ONE 7(5): e38060. doi:10.1371/journal

  8. Derivatives and Risk Management in the Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Electricity Industries

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2002-01-01

    In February 2002 the Secretary of Energy directed the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to prepare a report on the nature and use of derivative contracts in the petroleum, natural gas, and electricity industries. Derivatives are contracts ('financial instruments') that are used to manage risk, especially price risk.

  9. Vaporization and Sublimation Enthalpies of Acetanilide and Several Derivatives by Correlation Gas Chromatography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chickos, James S.

    of their sublimation enthalpies by completing thermochemical cycles as summarized by eq 1. The vaporization enthalpiesVaporization and Sublimation Enthalpies of Acetanilide and Several Derivatives by Correlation Gas: The vaporization and fusion enthalpies of acetanilide and several of its derivatives have been measured

  10. An alternative energy bound derivation for a generalized Hasegawa-Mima equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fetecau, Razvan C.

    An alternative energy bound derivation for a generalized Hasegawa-Mima equation Jared C. Bronski Razvan Fetecau December 28, 2011 Abstract We present an alternative derivation of the H1 -boundedness function technique similar to the one used for constructing energy bounds for the Kuramoto

  11. Multiresolution quantum chemistry in multiwavelet bases: Analytic derivatives for HartreeFock and density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beylkin, Gregory

    Multiresolution quantum chemistry in multiwavelet bases: Analytic derivatives for Hartree An efficient and accurate analytic gradient method is presented for Hartree­Fock and density functional differential equations. In this paper, we extend the approach to include computation of analytic derivatives

  12. Comparison of two optimization methods to derive energy parameters for protein folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domany, Eytan

    Comparison of two optimization methods to derive energy parameters for protein folding: perceptron potential, perceptron, Z­score 1 #12; Abstract Two methods were proposed recently to derive energy, by means of a perceptron learning scheme, energy parameters such that the native conformations have lower

  13. Coal/D-RDF (densified refuse-derived fuel) co-firing project, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecklinger, R.S.; Rehm, F.R.

    1985-11-01

    A Research and Development Project was carried out to mix a densified refuse-derived fuel with coal at the fuel-receiving point and to co-fire the mixture in a spreader-stoker fired boiler. Two basic series of test runs were conducted. For the first series, coal was fired to establish a base line condition. For the second series, a mixture of coal and densified refuse-derived fuel was fired. The report describes the equipment used to densify refuse derived fuel, procedures used to prepare and handle the coal and densified refuse derived fuel mixture and the test results. The results include the effect of the coal and densified refuse derived fuel mixture on plant operations, boiler efficiency, stack emissions and EP toxicity.

  14. ISQ derivation ("derivation in SI units") of a formula for the electrostatic field ionization rate-constant for a hydrogenic atom in its ground electronic state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard G. Forbes

    2015-07-01

    Technical applications using electrostatic field ionization (ESFI) need a formula for the rate-constant K_e for the free-space ESFI of a hydrogenic atom in its ground electronic state. This formula must indicate the dependence on ionization energy I. Existing formulae were derived using atomic units. However, many scientists work with ESFI as an important technical process, but are not familiar with the Gaussian or atomic units systems. In the 1970s, the present International System of Quantities (ISQ), which includes the equations behind SI units, was designated as the main system for university teaching and the communication of scientific equations. 40 years on, ISQ derivations of ESFI rate-constant formulae are still not easily found, but are now needed. This tutorial paper gives a detailed ISQ derivation of a formula for K_e. The derivation is closely modelled on the Landau and Lifshitz (LL) approach used in their 1958 work (in atomic units) on hydrogen atom ESFI. The ISQ derivation confirms that, for hydrogenic atoms, ionization energy appears in the pre-exponential as I^(5/2), and defines a universal "field ionization constant". It also shows how the ISQ formula relates to the Gurney and Condon "attempt frequency" form for tunnelling rate-constants, and an ISQ formula is given for the motive energy in the related JWKB integral. The ISQ derivation uses a motive-energy transformation analogous to a transformation used by LL. The need for this transformation in ESFI theory raises questions as to the correctness of theoretical treatments of field electron emission from non-planar emitters, which do not make this transformation.

  15. Pulse transmission receiver with higher-order time derivative pulse correlator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dress, Jr., William B.; Smith, Stephen F.

    2003-09-16

    Systems and methods for pulse-transmission low-power communication modes are disclosed. A pulse transmission receiver includes: a higher-order time derivative pulse correlator; a demodulation decoder coupled to the higher-order time derivative pulse correlator; a clock coupled to the demodulation decoder; and a pseudorandom polynomial generator coupled to both the higher-order time derivative pulse correlator and the clock. The systems and methods significantly reduce lower-frequency emissions from pulse transmission spread-spectrum communication modes, which reduces potentially harmful interference to existing radio frequency services and users and also simultaneously permit transmission of multiple data bits by utilizing specific pulse shapes.

  16. A New Derivation of the Time-Dependent Schrödinger Equation from Wave and Matrix Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Nanni

    2015-06-10

    An alternative method is proposed for deriving the time dependent Schroedinger equation from the pictures of wave and matrix mechanics. The derivation is of a mixed classical quantum character, since time is treated as a classical variable, thus avoiding any controversy over its meaning in quantum mechanics. The derivation method proposed in this paper requires no ad hoc assumption and avoids going through a second-order differential equation that can be reduced to the well known time-dependent Schroedinger equation only postulating a complex wavefunction with an exponential time dependence, as did by Schroedinger in its original paper of 1926.

  17. Relations between elliptic multiple zeta values and a special derivation algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broedel, Johannes; Schlotterer, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    We investigate relations between elliptic multiple zeta values and describe a method to derive the number of indecomposable elements of given weight and length. Our method is based on representing elliptic multiple zeta values as iterated integrals over Eisenstein series and exploiting the connection with a special derivation algebra. Its commutator relations give rise to constraints on the iterated integrals over Eisenstein series relevant for elliptic multiple zeta values and thereby allow to count the indecomposable representatives. Conversely, the above connection suggests apparently new relations in the derivation algebra. Under https://tools.aei.mpg.de/emzv we provide relations for elliptic multiple zeta values over a wide range of weights and lengths.

  18. Vegetation water content mapping using Landsat data derived normalized difference water index for corn and soybeans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    Vegetation water content mapping using Landsat data derived normalized difference water index Information about vegetation water content (VWC) has widespread utility in agriculture, forestry. D 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Vegetation water content; Landsat; NDWI 1

  19. Soluble fullerene derivative in liquid crystal: polymer composites and their impact on photorefractive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Soluble fullerene derivative in liquid crystal: polymer composites and their impact photorefractive efficiency in polymer­ liquid crystal composites in comparison to previous works on similar) and containing a conducting polymer matrix, such as polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) doped with N

  20. On the electric micro-field in plasmas: statistics of the spatial derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guerricha, S.; Chihi, S.; Meftah, M. T.

    2008-10-22

    Using the Monte-Carlo simulation we calculated for some specific plasmas, the distribution functions of the derivatives of the micro-field components. Some of them are compared to those calculated earlier by other authors.

  1. STABILITY CONDITIONS ON DERIVED CATEGORIES OF CY 3-FOLDS (AFTER KONTSEVICHSOIBELMAN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacking, Paul

    STABILITY CONDITIONS ON DERIVED CATEGORIES OF CY 3-FOLDS (AFTER KONTSEVICH­SOIBELMAN) PAUL HACKING is OC(-1) OC(-1). 1 #12;2 PAUL HACKING One can contract C to get (locally) xy + zt = 0 and then flop

  2. 1. The derivative of y = mm“ at x = 2. A bacteria culture starts with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The derivative of y = mm“ at x = 2. A bacteria culture starts with 200 bacteria and grows at a rate proportional to its size. After 2 hours there were 400 bacteria.

  3. 1. DON'T confuse integral with derivative: ? x 2 dx = x ?3 ? 1 + C ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-18

    Common Error to Quiz 5. 1. DON'T confuse integral with derivative: ? x. ?3. 2 dx = x. ?3. 2. ?1. ?3. 2. ? 1. + C = ?. 2. 5 x. ?5. 2 + C. Instead,. ? x. ?3. 2 dx = x. ?3.

  4. Recent decreases in fossil-fuel emissions of ethane and methane derived from firn air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    distribution and budget of ethane. J. Geophys. Res.Y. et al. Global budget of ethane and regional constraintsin fossil-fuel emissions of ethane and methane derived from

  5. Amniotic Fluid-Derived Stem Cells for Cardiovascular Tissue Engineering Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petsche Connell, Jennifer

    Recent research has demonstrated that a population of stem cells can be isolated from amniotic fluid removed by amniocentesis that are broadly multipotent and nontumorogenic. These amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSC) ...

  6. CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    derived from a global database S . L U Y S S A E R T * w ,of construct- ing a database of monthly climate observationsregional ecosystem modeling: database of model drivers and

  7. Robust derivation of epicardium and its differentiated smooth muscle cell progeny from human pluripotent stem cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Dharini; Gambardella, Laure; Bernard, William G.; Serrano, Felipe; Mascetti, Victoria L.; Pedersen, Roger A.; Talasila, Amarnath; Sinha, Sanjay

    2015-03-26

    and its potential ability to initiate myocardial repair in injured adult tissues. Here, we describe a chemically defined method for generating epicardium and epicardium-derived smooth muscle cells (EPI-SMCs) and CFs from human pluripotent stem cells (HPSCs...

  8. The physics and chemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals in sol-gel derived optical microcavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Yinthai

    2006-01-01

    The incorporation of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) into sol-gel derived matrices presents both novel applications as well as a robust platform in which to investigate the nonlinear optical properties of NCs. This thesis ...

  9. A new velocity map for Byrd Glacier, East Antarctica, derived from high-resolution satellite imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stearns, Leigh; Hamilton, Gordon

    2005-06-01

    New ice-velocity measurements are obtained for the main trunk of Byrd Glacier, East Antarctica, using recently acquired Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) imagery. The velocities are derived from the application...

  10. Derivation of Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao-Song Wang

    2006-10-25

    We speculate that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called aether or tao. Thus, Newton's law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles.

  11. Variational derivation of modal-nodal finite difference equations in spatial reactor physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Patrick Gage

    1972-01-01

    A class of consistent coarse mesh modal-nodal approximation methods is presented for the solution of the spatial neutron flux in multigroup diffusion theory. The methods are consistent in that they are systematically derived ...

  12. Parkinson's Disease Patient-Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Free of Viral Reprogramming Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soldner, Frank

    Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from somatic cells of patients represent a powerful tool for biomedical research and may provide a source for replacement therapies. However, the use of viruses encoding the ...

  13. Determination of the fuel characteristics of refuse-derived fuels by macroanalysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecklinger, R.S.; Large, R.M.

    1980-01-01

    There is need for a means of determining the fuel characteristics of refuse-derived fuels to adjust the producer/user contractual relationship for fuel value. The authors discuss efforts to establish a macroanalysis procedure.

  14. Aero III/IV Complex Variable Theory Handout 1 A. G. Walton Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, Andrew G

    Aero III/IV Complex Variable Theory Handout 1 A. G. Walton Derivatives If i+}, is single the coefficients dn are unique. #12;Aero III/IV Complex Variable Theory Handout 2 A. G. Walton Residues

  15. Nitrated and oxygenated derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ambient air of two

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Nitrated and oxygenated derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ambient air of two aromatic hydrocarbons, 17 nitrated PAHs (NPAHs) and 8 oxygenated PAHs (OPAHs) were carried out during hydrocarbons; Nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

  16. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Background Paper

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Paper by Arlene Anderson and Tracy Carole presented at the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group, with a focus on key drivers, purpose, and scope.

  17. Radar-Derived Forecasts of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Over Houston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosier, Richard Matthew

    2011-02-22

    -derived Products....26 1.6 Thesis Objectives and Hypothesis...........................................................................27 2. DATA AND METHODOLOGY..................................................................................29 2.1 Radar............................................................................................42 2.4.4 Storm Cell Position Forecast............................................................................44 2.5 Lightning Correlation..............................................................................................45 2.6 CG...

  18. Lubricant-derived ash : in-engine sources and opportunities for reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Simon A. G. (Simon Andrew Glean)

    2010-01-01

    Diesel particulate filters (DPF) are an effective means for meeting increasingly stringent emissions regulations that limit particulate matter. Over time, ash primarily derived from metallic additives in the engine oil ...

  19. Electronic structure analyses and activation studies of a dinitrogen-derived terminal nitride of molybdenum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sceats, Emma Louise, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Chapter 1: Complexes obtained by electrophilic attack on a dinitrogen-derived terminal molybdenum nitride: Electronic structure analysis by solid state CP/MAS ¹?N NMR in combination ... Chapter 2. Carbene chemistry in the ...

  20. Remediation of Uranium-contaminated Groundwater by Sorption onto Hydroxyapatite Derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    Remediation of Uranium-contaminated Groundwater by Sorption onto Hydroxyapatite Derived from of CFHA to remove uranium (U(VI)) from aqueous phase was investigated using both batch and column experi

  1. Thiourea derivatives, methods of their preparation and their use in neutron capture therapy of malignant melanoma

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gabel, D.

    1991-06-04

    The present invention pertains to boron containing thiouracil derivatives, their method of preparations, and their use in the therapy of malignant melanoma using boron neutron capture therapy. No Drawings

  2. Stability derivative extraction from flight test data for a general aviation aircraft 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randall, Brian Edward

    1996-01-01

    inputs compared well with the flight test data. However, the modeled response to an aileron input did not emulate the aircraft response since the models produced adverse rather than proverse yaw. In general, the stability derivatives and flying qualities...

  3. Cross-domain comparison of quantitative technology improvement using patent derived characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Christopher Lee

    2014-01-01

    This thesis compares the performance improvement rates of 28 technological domains with characteristics derived from the patents of the domains, seeking to objectively test theories of how and why technologies change over ...

  4. Index Revision, House Price Risk, and the Market for House Price Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Yongheng; Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01

    bias in repeat-sales home price indices. Freddie Mac workingpaper #05–03. Index Revision, House Price Risk, and theMarket for House Price Derivatives Calhoun, C. A. (1996).

  5. Risk management with residential real estate derivatives : strategies for home builders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eddins, Quinn W. (Quinn William)

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines why and how publicly-traded home builders might use index-based residential property derivatives to manage risk. After describing a number of alternative reasons for hedging, I argue for a paradigm for ...

  6. Reactivity of Charcoal-Derived Water Soluble Biomarkers in River Water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Matthew 1985-

    2011-04-25

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the residence time of water-soluble levoglucosan and free lignin-derived phenols, from two different plant charcoals. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) was extracted from honey mesquite and cordgrass charcoal...

  7. Hit or Miss: Regulating Derivative Markets to Reduce Hedging Costs at Non-Financial Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parsons, J.E.

    Derivative markets are an important tool enabling non?financial companies to reduce their risk and manage their financing. Effective regulation of these markets can lower companies hedging costs and help improve productivity. ...

  8. Derivation of the Viscous Moore-Greitzer Equation for Aeroengine Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birnir, Bjorn; Hou, Songming; Wellander, Niklas

    2007-01-01

    conver- gence, compressor, jet engine ?ow. AMS classi?cationin turbomachines, such as a jet engine, is derived using aa turbomachine, such as a jet engine, operates close to its

  9. On the Ungrammaticality of Remnant Movement in the Derivation of Greenberg's Universal 20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steddy, Samuel Joseph

    We propose an analysis that derives Cinque's (2005) typology of linear orders involving a demonstrative, numeral, adjective, and noun through four Optimality Theory constraints requiring leftward alignment of these items. ...

  10. Fluorescein and Rosamine Derivatives as Donors/Acceptors for "Through-bond" Energy Transfer Cassettes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Juan C.

    2010-07-14

    A series of fluorescein and rosamine derivatives have been prepared and their spectroscopical properties analyzed to determine their usefulness as donor and/or acceptors in "through-bond" energy transfer systems. Such new ...

  11. High Temperature/Low Humidity Polymer Electrolytes Derived from Ionic Liquids

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation on High Temperature/Low Humidity Polymer Electrolytes Derived from Ionic Liquids to the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting held in Arlington, Virginia, May 26,2005.

  12. Mechanism of anti-influenza virus activity of Maillard reaction products derived from Isatidis roots 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Lijing

    2011-07-05

    The cyto-protective compositions and effects of antiviral Maillard reaction products (MRPs) derived from roots of Isatis indigotica F. were examined using biochemical and biophysical methods. The Maillard reaction was ...

  13. Derivative Interactions and perturbative UV Completions in N Higgs Doublet Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yohei Kikuta; Yasuhiro Yamamoto

    2015-10-19

    We study the Higgs derivative interactions on models including arbitrary number of the Higgs doublets. These interactions are generated by two ways. One is higher order corrections of composite Higgs models, and the other is integrating out heavy scalars and vectors. In the latter case, three point couplings between the Higgs doublets and them are the sources of the derivative interactions. The representations of these heavy particles are constrained to couple with the doublets. We explicitly calculate the all derivative interactions generated by integrating out. Their degrees of freedom and conditions to impose the custodial symmetry are discussed. We also study the vector boson scattering processes with a couple of two Higgs doublet models to see experimental signals of the derivative interactions. They are differently affected by each heavy field.

  14. Bone Marrow Stem Cell Derived Paracrine Factors for Regenerative Medicine: Current Perspectives and Therapeutic Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdon, Tom J.; Paul, Arghya; Noiseux, Nicolas; Prakash, Satya; Shum-Tim, Dominique

    2011-01-01

    During the past several years, there has been intense research in the field of bone marrow-derived stem cell (BMSC) therapy to facilitate its translation into clinical setting. Although a lot has been accomplished, plenty of challenges lie ahead...

  15. Variational derivation of two-component Camassa-Holm shallow water system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delia Ionescu-Kruse

    2012-02-22

    By a variational approach in the Lagrangian formalism, we derive the nonlinear integrable two-component Camassa-Holm system (1). We show that the two-component Camassa-Holm system (1) with the plus sign arises as an approximation to the Euler equations of hydrodynamics for propagation of irrotational shallow water waves over a flat bed. The Lagrangian used in the variational derivation is not a metric.

  16. Application of multidimensional analytical transport models to coal-tar derivatives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Youn

    1992-01-01

    APPLICATION OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANALYTICAL TRANSPORT MODELS TO COAL-TAR DERIVATIVES A Thesis by YOUN SIM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Geology APPLICATION OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANALYTICAL TRANSPORT MODELS TO COAL-TAR DERIVATIVES A Thesis by YOUN SIM Approved as to style and content by: Patrick A. Domenico (Chair of Committee) N man...

  17. Short communication Satellite-derived surface water pCO2 and airsea CO2 fluxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short communication Satellite-derived surface water pCO2 and air­sea CO2 fluxes in the northern for the estimation of the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) and air­sea CO2 fluxes in the northern South), respectively, the monthly pCO2 fields were computed. The derived pCO2 was compared with the shipboard pCO2

  18. Spontaneous and reversible interaction of vanadium(V) oxyanions with amine derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crans, D.C.; Shin, P.K.

    1988-05-18

    The interaction between vanadate and tri- or tetradentate ethanolamine derivatives has been studied by using /sup 51/V NMR spectroscopy. The reactions occur spontaneously in aqueous solutions, at ambient temperatures and in the physiological pH range. In addition to one amine group and one hydroxyl group, the ethanolamine derivative should contain a third and/or fourth functionality that is an alcohol, a carboxylic acid, a phosphonium acid, or an amine. The reactions are highly dependent on pH, concentrations of monomeric vanadate, amine. The stability constants for the complexes are minimum orders of magnitude greater than those found for vanadate derivatives of corresponding ether derivatives, and the high stability is associated with the central nitrogen. Only one vanadium complex is formed in substantial amounts in the reaction of ethanolamine derivatives with vanadate, and that complex is mononuclear in vanadium. Several of the ethanolamine derivatives that form complexes are commonly used buffers in biological and biomedical studies in vitro. 22 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

  19. Low rank approach to computing first and higher order derivatives using automatic differentiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reed, J. A.; Abdel-Khalik, H. S. [North Carolina State Univ., Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Raleigh, NC 27695-7909 (United States); Utke, J. [Mathematics and Computer Science Div., Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    This manuscript outlines a new approach for increasing the efficiency of applying automatic differentiation (AD) to large scale computational models. By using the principles of the Efficient Subspace Method (ESM), low rank approximations of the derivatives for first and higher orders can be calculated using minimized computational resources. The output obtained from nuclear reactor calculations typically has a much smaller numerical rank compared to the number of inputs and outputs. This rank deficiency can be exploited to reduce the number of derivatives that need to be calculated using AD. The effective rank can be determined according to ESM by computing derivatives with AD at random inputs. Reduced or pseudo variables are then defined and new derivatives are calculated with respect to the pseudo variables. Two different AD packages are used: OpenAD and Rapsodia. OpenAD is used to determine the effective rank and the subspace that contains the derivatives. Rapsodia is then used to calculate derivatives with respect to the pseudo variables for the desired order. The overall approach is applied to two simple problems and to MATWS, a safety code for sodium cooled reactors. (authors)

  20. Fundamental gaps with approximate density functionals: The derivative discontinuity revealed from ensemble considerations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraisler, Eli; Kronik, Leeor

    2014-05-14

    The fundamental gap is a central quantity in the electronic structure of matter. Unfortunately, the fundamental gap is not generally equal to the Kohn-Sham gap of density functional theory (DFT), even in principle. The two gaps differ precisely by the derivative discontinuity, namely, an abrupt change in slope of the exchange-correlation energy as a function of electron number, expected across an integer-electron point. Popular approximate functionals are thought to be devoid of a derivative discontinuity, strongly compromising their performance for prediction of spectroscopic properties. Here we show that, in fact, all exchange-correlation functionals possess a derivative discontinuity, which arises naturally from the application of ensemble considerations within DFT, without any empiricism. This derivative discontinuity can be expressed in closed form using only quantities obtained in the course of a standard DFT calculation of the neutral system. For small, finite systems, addition of this derivative discontinuity indeed results in a greatly improved prediction for the fundamental gap, even when based on the most simple approximate exchange-correlation density functional – the local density approximation (LDA). For solids, the same scheme is exact in principle, but when applied to LDA it results in a vanishing derivative discontinuity correction. This failure is shown to be directly related to the failure of LDA in predicting fundamental gaps from total energy differences in extended systems.

  1. CERN News - A major contract has been signed for the supply of solar panels derived from CERN technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN Video Productions; Marion Viguier

    2012-01-01

    CERN News - A major contract has been signed for the supply of solar panels derived from CERN technology

  2. High-Energy Fuel Ion Diagnostics on ITER Derived from Neutron Emission Spectroscopy Measurements on JET DT Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High-Energy Fuel Ion Diagnostics on ITER Derived from Neutron Emission Spectroscopy Measurements on JET DT Plasmas

  3. Processes for washing a spent ion exchange bed and for treating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil, and apparatuses for treating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baird, Lance Awender; Brandvold, Timothy A.

    2015-11-24

    Processes and apparatuses for washing a spent ion exchange bed and for treating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided herein. An exemplary process for washing a spent ion exchange bed employed in purification of biomass-derived pyrolysis oil includes the step of providing a ion-depleted pyrolysis oil stream having an original oxygen content. The ion-depleted pyrolysis oil stream is partially hydrotreated to reduce the oxygen content thereof, thereby producing a partially hydrotreated pyrolysis oil stream having a residual oxygen content that is less than the original oxygen content. At least a portion of the partially hydrotreated pyrolysis oil stream is passed through the spent ion exchange bed. Water is passed through the spent ion exchange bed after passing at least the portion of the partially hydrotreated pyrolysis oil stream therethrough.

  4. First Characterization of Avian Memory T Lymphocyte Responses to Avian Influenza Virus Proteins 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Shailbala

    2011-02-22

    responses induced by intramuscular inoculation of chickens with AIV HA and NP expressing cDNA plasmids or a non-replicating human adenovirus vector were identified through ex vivo stimulation with virus infected, major histocompatibility complex (MHC...

  5. PRODUCING CONTINUOUSLY GROWING DUCK AND AVIAN CELL LINES FROM PRIMAY AVIAN CELLS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, Zachary 1986-

    2012-05-02

    Primary cells from cockatiel and duck embryos were prepared from unhatched cockatiel and duck eggs. They were expanded and frozen for storage and further use and evaluation. To transform the primary cells and generate a continuous cell line...

  6. Basic avian pulmonary design and flow-through ventilation in non-avian theropod dinosaurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claessens, Leon

    long remained ambiguous9,10,16,17,20 , particularly with regard to the extent of the vertebral column. O'Connor1 & Leon P. A. M. Claessens2 Birds are unique among living vertebrates in possessing pneuma

  7. Testing the Effectiveness of an Avian Flight Diverter for Reducing Avian

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | Opensource HistoryTerraWatt

  8. Macrophage-Derived Complement Component C4 Can Restore Humoral Immunity in C4-Deficient Mice1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knipe, David M.

    Macrophage-Derived Complement Component C4 Can Restore Humoral Immunity in C4-Deficient Mice1-dependent Ags. To test the role of bone marrow-derived C4 in humoral immunity, we reconstituted deficient animals with wild-type bone marrow or an enriched fraction of bone marrow-derived macrophages. C4 chimeras

  9. Ab Cats Alg Geom Moduli Derived Cats Triangulated Cats And Back Again Triangulated Categories in Algebraic Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghani, Neil

    Ab Cats Alg Geom Moduli Derived Cats Triangulated Cats And Back Again Triangulated Categories in Algebraic Geometry Antony Maciocia May 21, 2010 #12;Ab Cats Alg Geom Moduli Derived Cats Triangulated Cats And Back Again Outline Abelian Categories #12;Ab Cats Alg Geom Moduli Derived Cats Triangulated Cats

  10. Comparison of satellite-derived and in-situ observations of ice and snow surface temperatures over Greenland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Box, Jason E.

    Comparison of satellite-derived and in-situ observations of ice and snow surface temperatures over temperature in the data-sparse cryosphere is by satellite remote sensing. The uncertainties in satellite-derived) records needed for climate studies. In this work we assess satellite-derived "clear-sky" LST products from

  11. An Oxysterol-derived Positive Signal for 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Degradation in Yeast*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Rich

    An Oxysterol-derived Positive Signal for 3-Hydroxy- 3-methylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Degradation-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR). In mammals, both a non-sterol isoprenoid signal derived from farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) and a sterol-derived signal appear to act together to positively regulate the rate of HMGR

  12. J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, 1998 1919 Wolff rearrangement of diazo ketones derived from N-p-tolylsulfonyl-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jianbo

    J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, 1998 1919 Wolff rearrangement of diazo ketones derived from N 100871, People's Republic of China Diazo ketones derived from N-p-tolylsulfonyl (tosyl affected by the N- protecting group, the substrate structure and solvent. For those diazo ketones derived

  13. Processing of zero-derived words in English: An fMRI investigation$ Christos Pliatsikas a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miall, Chris

    Processing of zero-derived words in English: An fMRI investigation$ Christos Pliatsikas a,n , Linda 15 November 2013 Keywords: Morphology Functional MRI Zero derivation LIFG a b s t r a c t Derivational morphological processes allow us to create new words (e.g. punish (V) to noun (N) punishment) from

  14. Selection on Crop-Derived Traits and QTL in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Crop-Wild Hybrids under Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, John M.

    Selection on Crop-Derived Traits and QTL in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Crop-Wild Hybrids under grown under wild-like low water conditions. Crop-derived petiole length and head diameter were favored size and leaf pressure potential. Interestingly, the additive effect of the crop-derived allele

  15. Identification of 13-Hydroxy-14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic Acid as an Acid-stable Endothelium-derived Hyperpolarizing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    Identification of 13-Hydroxy-14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic Acid as an Acid-stable Endothelium-derived and vasoconstric- tor autacoids. Two of the well-defined endothelium-derived vasodilators are prostacyclin (PGI2, this third factor is termed endothelium-derived hyperpo- larizing factor (EDHF) (7­10). Unlike PGI2 and NO

  16. Process for removal of mineral particulates from coal-derived liquids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McDowell, William J. (Knoxville, TN)

    1980-01-01

    Suspended mineral solids are separated from a coal-derived liquid containing the solids by a process comprising the steps of: (a) contacting said coal-derived liquid containing solids with a molten additive having a melting point of 100.degree.-500.degree. C. in an amount of up to 50 wt. % with respect to said coal-derived liquid containing solids, said solids present in an amount effective to increase the particle size of said mineral solids and comprising material or mixtures of material selected from the group of alkali metal hydroxides and inorganic salts having antimony, tin, lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, beryllium, aluminum, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, rhodium or iron cations and chloride, iodide, bromide, sulfate, phosphate, borate, carbonate, sulfite, or silicate anions; and (b) maintaining said coal-derived liquid in contact with said molten additive for sufficient time to permit said mineral matter to agglomerate, thereby increasing the mean particle size of said mineral solids; and (c) recovering a coal-derived liquid product having reduced mineral solids content. The process can be carried out with less than 5 wt. % additive and in the absence of hydrogen pressure.

  17. Analytic derivation of the map of null rays passing near a naked singularity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, Takahiro; Singh, T. P.

    2001-06-15

    Recently the energy emission from a naked singularity forming in spherical dust collapse has been investigated. This radiation is due to particle creation in a curved spacetime. In this discussion, the central role is played by the mapping formula between the incoming and the outgoing null coordinates. For the self-similar model, this mapping formula has been derived analytically. But for the model with C{sup {infinity}} density profile, the mapping formula has been obtained only numerically. In the present paper, we argue that the singular nature of the mapping is determined by the local geometry around the point at which the singularity is first formed. If this is the case, it would be natural to expect that the mapping formula can be derived analytically. In the present paper, we analytically rederive the same mapping formula for the model with C{sup {infinity}} density profile that has been earlier derived using a numerical technique.

  18. Numerical Calculation of the Spectrum of the Severe (1%) Lighting Current and Its First Derivative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, C G; Ong, M M; Perkins, M P; Speer, R D

    2010-02-12

    Recently, the direct-strike lighting environment for the stockpile-to-target sequence was updated [1]. In [1], the severe (1%) lightning current waveforms for first and subsequent return strokes are defined based on Heidler's waveform. This report presents numerical calculations of the spectra of those 1% lightning current waveforms and their first derivatives. First, the 1% lightning current models are repeated here for convenience. Then, the numerical method for calculating the spectra is presented and tested. The test uses a double-exponential waveform and its first derivative, which we fit to the previous 1% direct-strike lighting environment from [2]. Finally, the resulting spectra are given and are compared with those of the double-exponential waveform and its first derivative.

  19. Derivative couplings between TDDFT excited states obtained by direct differentiation in the Tamm-Dancoff approximation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ou, Qi; Fatehi, Shervin; Alguire, Ethan; Subotnik, Joseph E.; Shao, Yihan

    2014-07-14

    Working within the Tamm-Dancoff approximation, we calculate the derivative couplings between time-dependent density-functional theory excited states by assuming that the Kohn-Sham superposition of singly excited determinants represents a true electronic wavefunction. All Pulay terms are included in our derivative coupling expression. The reasonability of our approach can be established by noting that, for closely separated electronic states in the infinite basis limit, our final expression agrees exactly with the Chernyak-Mukamel expression (with transition densities from response theory). Finally, we also validate our approach empirically by analyzing the behavior of the derivative couplings around the T{sub 1}/T{sub 2} conical intersection of benzaldehyde.

  20. Temperature dependence of the vapour tension of methyl-substituted phenol derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.G. Gagarin [Institute of Mineral Fuels (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15

    Notable among the coking products of coal are phenol and its derivatives, derived for the coal tar and water layer above ht tar. Given that phenol an its derivatives are mainly extracted from coal tar fractions by rectification, information on how the vapor tension of the individual components depends on the temperature is of great importance. For phenol and various substituted alkylphenols there are tabular data. In the pre-computer era these data were sufficient for the separation of phenol mixtures. However, the development and introduction of information technology in the coal industry and in the design process demands the mathematical description of the physicochemical processes of coking products. The temperature dependence of the saturated vapor pressure for organic compounds is commonly described by the Antoine equation.

  1. Open-Shell Singlet Character of Stable Derivatives of Nonacene, Hexacene and Teranthene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Xingfa; Jiang, Deen; Zhang, Prof. Shengbai; Chen, Zhongfang; Miller, Glen; Hodgson, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The electronic ground states of the recently synthesized stable nonacene derivatives (J. Am. Chem. Soc.2010, 132, 1261) are open-shell singlets with a polyradical nature instead of closed-shell singlets as originally assumed, according to the unrestricted broken spin-symmetry density functional theory (UBS-DFT) computations (at B3LYP/6-31G*). It is the bulky protecting groups, not the transfer from the open-shell singlet to closed-shell singlet ground state, that stabilizes these longest characterized acenes. Similar analyses also confirmed the open-shell singlet character of the hexacene and teranthene derivatives.

  2. Higher-order solutions to non-Markovian quantum dynamics via hierarchical functional derivative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Da-Wei Luo; Chi-Hang Lam; Lian-Ao Wu; Ting Yu; Hai-Qing Lin; J. Q. You

    2015-09-08

    Solving realistic quantum systems coupled to an environment is a challenging task. Here we develop a hierarchical functional derivative (HFD) approach for efficiently solving the non-Markovian quantum trajectories of an open quantum system embedded in a bosonic bath. An explicit expression for arbitrary order HFD equation is derived systematically. Moreover, it is found that for an analytically solvable model, this hierarchical equation naturally terminates at a given order and thus becomes exactly solvable. This HFD approach provides a systematic method to study the non-Markovian quantum dynamics of an open system coupled to a bosonic environment.

  3. Low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oils and methods for producing the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marinangeli, Richard; Brandvold, Timothy A; Kocal, Joseph A

    2013-08-27

    Low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oils and methods for producing them from carbonaceous biomass feedstock are provided. The carbonaceous biomass feedstock is pyrolyzed in the presence of a catalyst comprising base metal-based catalysts, noble metal-based catalysts, treated zeolitic catalysts, or combinations thereof to produce pyrolysis gases. During pyrolysis, the catalyst catalyzes a deoxygenation reaction whereby at least a portion of the oxygenated hydrocarbons in the pyrolysis gases are converted into hydrocarbons. The oxygen is removed as carbon oxides and water. A condensable portion (the vapors) of the pyrolysis gases is condensed to low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil.

  4. Hamilton-Jacobi Approach for First Order Actions and Theories with Higher Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Bertin; B. M. Pimentel; P. J. Pompeia

    2007-01-29

    In this work we analyze systems described by Lagrangians with higher order derivatives in the context of the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism for first order actions. Two different approaches are studied here: the first one is analogous to the description of theories with higher derivatives in the hamiltonian formalism according to [Sov. Phys. Journ. 26 (1983) 730; the second treats the case where degenerate coordinate are present, in an analogy to reference [Nucl. Phys. B 630 (2002) 509]. Several examples are analyzed where a comparison between both approaches is made.

  5. A new method based on Markov chains for deriving SB2 orbits directly from their spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salomon, J -B; Guillout, P; Halbwachs, J -L; Arenou, F; Famaey, B; Lebreton, Y; Mazeh, T; Pourbaix, D; Tal-Or, L

    2012-01-01

    We present a new method to derive orbital elements of double-lined spectroscopic binaries (SB2). The aim is to have accurate orbital parameters of a selection of SB2 in order to prepare the exploitation of astrometric Gaia observations. Combined with our results, they should allow one to measure the mass of each star with a precision of better than 1%. The new method presented here consists of using the spectra at all epochs simultaneously to derive the orbital elements without templates. It is based on a Markov chain including a new method for disentangling the spectra.

  6. Comparison of buccal and blood-derived canine DNA, either native or whole genome amplified, for array-based genome-wide association studies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    of buccal and blood- derived canine DNA, either native orof buccal and blood-derived canine DNA, either native orthe utility of buccal-derived DNA as well as whole genome

  7. K41 via the "four-fifths law" We will closely follow Frisch's book. In the previous lecture we derived K41

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salmon, Rick

    . In the previous lecture we derived K41 using arguments that are often called derives K41 using arguments that are much closer to Kolmogorov's original derivation. In recent years, this method has come to be favored by mathematicians

  8. ESCRT-III subunits Snf7-1 and Snf7-2 differentially regulate transmembrane cargos in hESC-derived human neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jin-A; Liu, Lei; Javier, Robyn; Kreitzer, Anatol C; Delaloy, Celine; Gao, Fen-Biao

    2011-01-01

    transmembrane cargos in hESC-derived human neurons Jin-A Leehuman postmitotic neurons derived from hESCs To establish ain the presence of brain-derived neuro- trophic factor (

  9. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor genotype is associated with brain gray and white matter tissue volumes recovery in abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    WE. Variation in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)183X.2012.00854.x. Brain-derived neurotrophic factorAuthor Manuscript Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)

  10. Quiz 22 1) Find the most general anti-derivative of: x4 + cos(x ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-04-13

    Quiz 22. 1) Find the most general anti-derivative of: x4 + cos(x). Solution: We want a function F such that F/(x) = x4 + cos(x). Since d dx sin(x) = cos(x) and d dx.

  11. Chapter 7. Derivatives markets. Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arcones, Miguel A.

    markets. Section 7.9. Risk Management. c 2009. Miguel A. Arcones. All rights reserved. Extract from/CAS Exam 2. #12;2/44 Chapter 7. Derivatives markets. Section 7.9. Risk Management. Risk Management The main to each decision. Firms convert inputs, such a labor and raw materials, into goods and services. A firm

  12. A microscopic, mechanical derivation of the adiabatic gas relation P. M. Bellana)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellan, Paul M.

    A microscopic, mechanical derivation of the adiabatic gas relation P. M. Bellana) Department constant is a direct consequence of an impor- tant property of periodic mechanical motion, namely adia- batic invariance. Although the word adiabatic is used in both the mechanical and thermodynamic contexts

  13. Labscale Evaluation of Biomass-Derived Elements Used in Anaerobic Digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labscale Evaluation of Biomass-Derived Elements Used in Anaerobic Digestion This report presents performance data for an anaerobic digestion system (at a 10-liter scale) utilizing corncob biochar as biofilm support. The system operated on grease-trap wastewater and high-rate anaerobic digestion of this material

  14. Evaluating specific error characteristics of microwave-derived cloud liquid water products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Sundar A.

    of cloud LWP products globally using concurrent data from visible/ infrared satellite sensors. The approachEvaluating specific error characteristics of microwave-derived cloud liquid water products Thomas J microwave satellite measurements. Using coincident visible/infrared satellite data, errors are isolated

  15. Chemical Vapor Deposition-Derived Graphene with Electrical Performance of Exfoliated Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hone, James

    Chemical Vapor Deposition-Derived Graphene with Electrical Performance of Exfoliated Graphene a scalable method to produce large-area graphene, CVD-grown graphene has heretofore exhibited inferior of CVD-grown graphene in which two important sources of disorder, namely grain boundaries and processing

  16. Characterization of Mixing in a Simple Paddle Mixer Using Experimentally Derived Velocity Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bollt, Erik

    1 Characterization of Mixing in a Simple Paddle Mixer Using Experimentally Derived Velocity Fields to the cylinder wall. The mixing average within the entire tank was found to be largely independent of the blade-scale motion in the flow. Batch mixers, similar to food mixers, are a primary method for the processing of many

  17. DERIVATION OF PARTICLE, STRING AND MEMBRANE MOTIONS FROM THE BORN-INFELD ELECTROMAGNETISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenier, Yann

    DERIVATION OF PARTICLE, STRING AND MEMBRANE MOTIONS FROM THE BORN-INFELD ELECTROMAGNETISM YANN a rigorous asymptotic analysis of the Born-Infeld nonlinear electromagnetic theory. We first add to the Born introduced in [1] as a nonlinear correc- tion to the standard linear Maxwell equations for electromagnetism

  18. Systematic Derivation of the Weakly Non-Linear Theory of Thermoacoustic Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Systematic Derivation of the Weakly Non-Linear Theory of Thermoacoustic Devices P.H.M.W. in 't Eindhoven P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands Abstract Thermoacoustics is the field concerned of thermoacoustic devices: the ther- moacoustic prime mover and the thermoacoustic heat pump or refrigerator. Two

  19. Improving total column ozone retrievals by using cloud pressures derived from Raman scattering in the UV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joiner, Joanna

    Improving total column ozone retrievals by using cloud pressures derived from Raman scattering resolution, coverage, and sampling of the Aura satellite ozone monitoring instrument (OMI), as compared with the total ozone mapping spectrometer (TOMS) should allow for improved ozone retrievals. By default, the TOMS

  20. [ ]February 2014 The original 1957 Gates pile driving formula is an empirically derived dynamic formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    [ ]February 2014 PROBLEM The original 1957 Gates pile driving formula is an empirically derived dynamic formula that is used to predict pile capacity in the field during pile installation.The original Gates formula tends to over-predict pile capacity for low driving resistances and under-predict pile