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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

An accelerated zone 2 trip algorithm for non-pilot distance relays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an algorithm able to accelerate the zone 2 trip of non-pilot distance relays by detecting remote breaker operation following a zone 2 fault. It is based on monitoring changes in proposed composite signals. The performance of the proposed ... Keywords: accelerated trip (AT), real time digital simulator (RTDS), sequential accelerated trip (SAT), total fault clearing time (TFCT)

German Rosas Ortiz; Tarlochan S. Sidhu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Data Processing Procedures and Methodology for Estimating Trip Distances for the 1995 American Travel Survey (ATS)  

SciTech Connect

The 1995 American Travel Survey (ATS) collected information from approximately 80,000 U.S. households about their long distance travel (one-way trips of 100 miles or more) during the year of 1995. It is the most comprehensive survey of where, why, and how U.S. residents travel since 1977. ATS is a joint effort by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) and the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Census (Census); BTS provided the funding and supervision of the project, and Census selected the samples, conducted interviews, and processed the data. This report documents the technical support for the ATS provided by the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) in Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), which included the estimation of trip distances as well as data quality editing and checking of variables required for the distance calculations.

Hwang, H.-L.; Rollow, J.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Usage Number of trips 773,602 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,558,155 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was driven (mi) 30.2 Avg...

4

AVG Koeln GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name AVG Koeln GmbH Place Kln, Germany Zip 50735 Product Operating a Waste-to-Energy facility in Kln, Germany. References AVG Koeln GmbH1 LinkedIn...

5

Property:AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty Jump to: navigation, search Property Name AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty Property Type Number Description Avg. Annual Gross Operating Capacity(MW). Pages using the property "AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty" Showing 6 pages using this property. F Faulkner I Energy Generation Facility + 49.5 + N Navy I Geothermal Facility + 81.7 + Navy II Geothermal Facility + 86 + Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Power Plant + 22 + North Brawley Geothermal Power Plant + 50 + R Raft River Geothermal Facility + 11.5 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty&oldid=400186#SMWResults" Categories: Properties Geothermal Energy Generation Facilities properties What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

6

Property:AvgGeoFluidTemp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AvgGeoFluidTemp AvgGeoFluidTemp Jump to: navigation, search Property Name AvgGeoFluidTemp Property Type Temperature Description Average temperature of geofluid in a geothermal area. Subproperties This property has the following 15 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area C Chena Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area E East Mesa Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area H Heber Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area S cont. Soda Lake Geothermal Area Steamboat Springs Geothermal Area Stillwater Geothermal Area W Wabuska Hot Springs Geothermal Area Pages using the property "AvgGeoFluidTemp" Showing 10 pages using this property.

7

Property:AvgReservoirDepth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AvgReservoirDepth AvgReservoirDepth Jump to: navigation, search Property Name AvgReservoirDepth Property Type Quantity Description Average depth to reservoir Use this type to express a quantity of length. The default unit is the meter (m). Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Meters - 1 m, meter, meters Meter, Meters, METER, METERS Kilometers - 0.001 km, kilometer, kilometers, Kilometer, Kilometers, KILOMETERS, KILOMETERS Miles - 0.000621371 mi, mile, miles, Mile, Miles, MILE, MILES Feet - 3.28084 ft, foot, feet, Foot, Feet, FOOT, FEET Yards - 1.09361 yd, yard, yards, Yard, Yards, YARD, YARDS Pages using the property "AvgReservoirDepth" Showing 24 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 213 m0.213 km 0.132 mi 698.819 ft 232.939 yd + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 850 m0.85 km

8

Property:IndustrialAvgRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IndustrialAvgRate IndustrialAvgRate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name IndustrialAvgRate Property Type Number Description Industrial Average Rate Subproperties This property has the following 279 subproperties: A AEP Generating Company AEP Texas Central Company AEP Texas North Company AES Eastern Energy LP APN Starfirst, L.P. Accent Energy Holdings, LLC Alabama Municipal Elec Authority Alaska Electric & Energy Coop Alaska Energy Authority Alaska Power and Telephone Co Allegheny Electric Coop Inc Alliant Energy Ameren Energy Marketing Ameren Illinois Company American Electric Power Co., Inc. American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc American Samoa Power Authority American Transmission Systems Inc Anoka Electric Coop Appalachian Power Co Aquila Inc Aquila Inc (Missouri) Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc

9

Property:CommercialAvgRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CommercialAvgRate CommercialAvgRate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CommercialAvgRate Property Type Number Description Commercial Average Rate Subproperties This property has the following 279 subproperties: A AEP Generating Company AEP Texas Central Company AEP Texas North Company AES Eastern Energy LP APN Starfirst, L.P. Accent Energy Holdings, LLC Alabama Municipal Elec Authority Alaska Electric & Energy Coop Alaska Energy Authority Alaska Power and Telephone Co Allegheny Electric Coop Inc Alliant Energy Ameren Energy Marketing Ameren Illinois Company American Electric Power Co., Inc. American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc American Samoa Power Authority American Transmission Systems Inc Anoka Electric Coop Appalachian Power Co Aquila Inc Aquila Inc (Missouri) Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc

10

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 14% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 380 Number of trips 106 Distance traveled (mi) 237 Percent...

11

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 414 Number of trips 152 Distance traveled (mi) 131 Percent...

12

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 410 Number of trips 94 Distance traveled (mi) 307 Percent of...

13

Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgConsumed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgConsumed Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (annual average) (afday) Consumed. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

14

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Usage Usage Overall fuel economy (mpg) 139 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 293 Number of trips┬╣ 76,425 Total distance traveled (mi) 609,737 Avg trip distance (mi) 8.0 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was driven (mi) 36.4 Avg number of trips between charging events 3.0 Avg distance traveled between charging events (mi) 24.1 Avg number of charging events per day when the vehicle was driven 1.5

15

My Trip Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Savings Calculator Trip Calculator Benefits Why is fuel economy important? Climate Change Oil Dependence Costs Sustainability Save Money Vehicles produce about half of the...

16

Outdoor science field trips.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to assess the cognitive and affective values of an outdoor science field trip. Participants were 28 fifth grade students,ů (more)

Loyd, Kerrie Anne Therese

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Textile - Compressor Trip Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of an 800 HP, 4160 volt compressor that has been tripping off at a textile manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Name CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (annual average) (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

19

Turbine Overspeed Trip Modernization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidance for power plant engineers contemplating modernization of their main turbine overspeed trip systems. When a large power plant turbine suddenly loses its output shaft loading due to a generator or power grid problem, the steam flow driving the turbine must be cut off very quickly to prevent an overspeed event. The overspeed trip system protects personnel and plant systems by preventing missiles that can result when turbines disintegrate at higher than normal rotational speeds....

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

20

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with battery state of charge below 90% (for charging events with SOC reported) Vehicle Usage Number of trips 3,364 Total distance traveled (mi) 21,706 Avg trip distance (mi) 5.8...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

School Trips in Autumn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Autumn in Autumn Nature Bulletin No. 465-A October 7, 1972 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation SCHOOL TRIPS IN AUTUMN Autumn is an ideal season for classrooms out-of-doors, when teachers and their pupils enjoy and learn from trips to convenient natural areas such as our forest preserves. The days are usually sunny, the air is cool and invigorating, the fields and woodlands are clothed with tapestries of rich colors, the birds are flocking southward, and it is harvest time in all the land. Field trips, now or at any time in the school year, make real and vivid those subjects studied in the classroom and its textbooks. On field trips, teachers and youngsters explore and discover together. They employ all five senses: they see, hear, smell, taste and feel. Such learning, by the most natural and enjoyable process, is rapid and sticks with them. Inevitably, a field trip will yield a fund of unforgettable experiences and a wealth of specimens for the classroom or pupils' own collections.

22

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 14% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 402 Number of trips 694 Distance traveled (mi) 1,450 Percent...

23

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

74 74 Number of trips 399 Distance traveled (mi) 148 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 73% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 6.3 Average Stops per mile 35.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 11% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 423 Number of trips 27 Distance traveled (mi) 54 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 27% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.0 Average Driving Speed (mph) 20.7 Average Stops per mile 3.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 0 Number of trips 0 Distance traveled (mi) 0 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.0 Average Driving Speed (mph)

24

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 493 Distance traveled (mi) 189 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 38% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 4.9 Average Stops per mile 28.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 377 Number of trips 67 Distance traveled (mi) 275 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 56% Average Trip Distance (mi) 4.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 17.9 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 438 Number of trips 1 Distance traveled (mi) 29 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 28.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

25

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

505 505 Number of trips 601 Distance traveled (mi) 245 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 62% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.4 Average Stops per mile 34.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 373 Number of trips 35 Distance traveled (mi) 124 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 31% Average Trip Distance (mi) 3.5 Average Driving Speed (mph) 23.0 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 319 Number of trips 3 Distance traveled (mi) 25 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 8.5 Average Driving Speed (mph)

26

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

613 613 Number of trips 89 Distance traveled (mi) 9 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 30% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 7.0 Average Stops per mile 44.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 9% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 8 Distance traveled (mi) 5 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 16% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.6 Average Driving Speed (mph) 25.0 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 6% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 7 Distance traveled (mi) 16 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 54% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.3 Average Driving Speed (mph)

27

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 1,610 Distance traveled (mi) 372 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 72% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.2 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.2 Average Stops per mile 32.1 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 383 Number of trips 114 Distance traveled (mi) 144 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 28% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.3 Average Driving Speed (mph) 18.3 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 16% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 549 Number of trips 5 Distance traveled (mi) 2 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph)

28

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

530 530 Number of trips 1,308 Distance traveled (mi) 495 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 69% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.6 Average Stops per mile 31.4 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 471 Number of trips 91 Distance traveled (mi) 175 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 24% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.9 Average Driving Speed (mph) 16.6 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 357 Number of trips 2 Distance traveled (mi) 49 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 7% Average Trip Distance (mi) 24.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

29

Live Theater Wetland Kayak Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Live Theater Wetland Kayak Trip Adapted from http://water.usgs.gov/outreach/poster2/grade footprints(squish squish) in the mud with every pass. The shore was lined with tall cattails, but we found doused in sun screen, with me in the front and Mrs. Findley doing all the work steering in the back

Texas at Austin, University of

30

Trip Table ?????? #ejdyrki-#ejebnjj  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

http://trip-table.com - /5e8f0a852f9c1d454b6df13f1365e4ef/e684451614f1683226855e2b90e1249c.html ... Top page #ejdyrki:?XNHx/Baass #ejdzgey:?maO8DRy4pM #ejdzuzo ...

31

Trip Table ?????? #UFOYMAA-#UFPBHZB  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

http://trip-table.com - /7faa9d44500591fbfecedcda9a9d9cf9/72b75372a04495579b32da4524a88ead.html ... Top page #UFOYMAA:?760XFpqqAg #UFOZAUQ:?GiyoPAoyp. #UFOZPPG ...

32

Trip Table ?????? #gopmusbo-#gopmxoap  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

http://trip-table.com - /de823d5fcb90885762f4a837a7fa1e4c/8ef5e7522a1014862421869a133710f6.html ... Top page #gopmusbo:?MyJIL5jza2 #gopmvgwe:?AGL/5xDjfA #gopmvvqu ...

33

Trip Table ?????? #PNQTORG-#PNQWKQH  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

http://trip-table.com - /57be3958616c440476cf50b429b2476e/a2758b2d3ccf7339fa919b48ba7c1570.html ... Top page #PNQTORG:?oGcbIPIQ/2 #PNQUDLW:?QPKgjR/j7k #PNQUSGM ...

34

Trip Table ?????? #ykccmpk-#ykcfiol  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

http://trip-table.com - /ce18e28f19b8a620d092b2a6c9fc0e08/311af50ce0338abff3271747a78d2a6c.html ... Top page #ykccmpk:?Bc4XbewxcY #ykcdbka:?gHgq5mD6d2 #ykcdqeq ...

35

Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is My Trip Calculator? It is an interactive tool that helps you plan a route, pick a car and estimate a fuel costs for your next road trip. Enter your own miles per gallon...

36

Workshops and Field Trips for Teachers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshops and Field Trips for Teachers Workshops and Field Trips for Teachers Nature Bulletin No. 534-A Septmeber 7, 1974 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WORKSHOPS AND FIELD TRIPS FOR TEACHERS The Forest Preserve District, as a part of the educational program conducted by its Department of Conservation, again is offering a series of three-day workshops and another of one-day field trips, during this school year, for teachers in the schools of Chicago and suburban Cook County. Only a few decades ago, most Illinois people resided on farms or in small towns. They lived close to the soil. From childhood they had been so familiar with the out-of-doors that special schooling in ecology, plant life, wildlife and land management seemed superfluous.

37

My Trip to Mongolia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

My Trip to Mongolia My Trip to Mongolia My Trip to Mongolia September 29, 2010 - 10:37am Addthis Deputy Secretary Poneman meets with Mongolia’s Foreign Minister to discuss energy issues. Deputy Secretary Poneman meets with Mongolia's Foreign Minister to discuss energy issues. Daniel B. Poneman Daniel B. Poneman Deputy Secretary of Energy Last week, I traveled to Mongolia to discuss our shared energy challenges and our shared energy opportunities. The United States and Mongolia enjoy a warm friendship and deepening ties in a number of areas, including energy. The United States is committed to supporting the government and people of Mongolia as they continue to democratize. Although half a world apart, the United States and Mongolia share some common energy features: both our

38

No "big trips" for the universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been claimed in several papers that a phantom energy-dominated universe can undergo a ``big trip'', i.e., tunneling through a wormhole that grows faster than the cosmic substratum due to the accretion of phantom energy, and will reappear on the other mouth of the wormhole. We show that such claims are unfounded and contradict the Einstein equations.

Valerio Faraoni

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

39

GEOLOGY FIELD TRIPS IN THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- Exploration for Petroleum and Natural Gas (optional laboratory) 87 -- The Obelisk: Revisited 96 -- References recording past events. Rather than letters and words, rock characteristics such as shape, color, composition of answers to questions about the nature of geological data gathered through the field trips and laboratory

Engelder, Terry

40

Probabilistic methods in a study of trip setpoints  

SciTech Connect

Most early vintage Boiling Water Reactors have a high head and high capacity High Pressure Coolant Injection (HPCI) pump to keep the core covered following a loss of coolant accident (LOCA). However, the protection afforded by the HPCI pump for mitigating a LOCA introduces the potential that a spurious start of the HPCI pump could oversupply the reactor vessel and lead to an automatic trip of the main turbine due to high water level. A turbine trip and associated increase in moderator density could challenge the bases of fuel integrity operating limits. To prevent turbine trip during spurious operation of the HPCI pump, the reactor protection system includes instrumentation and logic to sense high water level and automatically trip the HPCI pump prior to reaching the turbine trip setpoint. This paper describes an analysis that was performed to determine if existing reactor vessel water level trip instrumentation, logic and setpoints result in a high probability that the HPCI pump will trip prior to actuation of the turbine trip. Using nominal values for the initial water level and for the HPCI pump and turbine trip setpoints, and using the probability distribution functions for measurement uncertainty in these setpoints, a Monte Carlo simulation was employed to determine probabilities of successfully tripping the HPCI pump prior to tripping of the turbine. The results of the analysis established that the existing setpoints, instrumentation and logic would be expected to reliably prevent a trip of the main turbine. (authors)

Kaulitz, D. E. [Tennessee Valley Authority, LP 4G-C, 1101 Market Street, Chattanooga, TN 37402-2801 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

26 26 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 253 Number of trips┬╣ 526,156 Total distance traveled (mi) 4,369,753 Avg trip distance (mi)┬▓ 8.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was driven (mi) 39.4 Avg number of trips between charging events 3.4 Avg distance traveled between charging events (mi) 27.9 Avg number of charging events per day when the vehicle was driven 1.4 EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report Region: ALL Number of vehicles: 1766 Reporting period: January 2013 through March 2013 Charging Location Home charging location┬│ Away-from-home charging locations Unknown charging locations Total number of charging events 124,954 21,973 7,718 Percent of all charging events 81% 14% 5% 1 A trip is defined as all the driving done between consecutive "key-on" and "key-off" events when some distance was traveled.

42

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

26 26 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 229 Number of trips┬╣ 369,118 Total distance traveled (mi) 3,001,976 Avg trip distance (mi) 8.1 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was driven (mi) 40.5 Avg number of trips between charging events 3.5 Avg distance traveled between charging events (mi) 28.2 Avg number of charging events per day when the vehicle was driven 1.4 EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report Region: ALL Number of vehicles: 1021 Reporting period: October 2012 through December 2012 Charging Location and Type Home charging location┬▓ Away-from- home charging locations┬│ Unknown charging locations Number of charging events 86,264 13,547 6,698 Percent of all charging events 81% 13% 6% 1 A trip is defined as all the driving done between consecutive "key-on" and "key-off" events when some distance was traveled.

43

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

55 55 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 242 Number of trips┬╣ 147,886 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,184,265 Avg trip distance (mi) 8.0 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was driven (mi) 39.6 Avg number of trips between charging events 3.2 Avg distance traveled between charging events (mi) 26.0 Avg number of charging events per day when the vehicle was driven 1.5 EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report Region: ALL Number of vehicles: 408 Reporting period: April 2012 through June 2012 Charging Location and Type Home charging location┬▓ Away-from- home charging locations┬│ Unknown charging locations Number of charging events 36,015 6,374 3,179 Percent of all charging events 79% 14% 7% 1 A trip is defined as all the driving done between consecutive "key-on" and "key-off" events when some distance was traveled.

44

Hunton Group core workshop and field trip  

SciTech Connect

The Late Ordovician-Silurian-Devonian Hunton Group is a moderately thick sequence of shallow-marine carbonates deposited on the south edge of the North American craton. This rock unit is a major target for petroleum exploration and reservoir development in the southern Midcontinent. The workshop described here was held to display cores, outcrop samples, and other reservoir-characterization studies of the Hunton Group and equivalent strata throughout the region. A field trip was organized to complement the workshop by allowing examination of excellent outcrops of the Hunton Group of the Arbuckle Mountains.

Johnson, K.S. [ed.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

Policy Statement 2, Transmittal of Trip Reports and Other Safety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Date: December 31, 1992 Subject Board policy on transmittal of trip reports and other safety information to the Secretary of Energy Summary This policy statement establishes...

46

Optimization Online - Solution Methods for the Multi-trip Elementary ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 11, 2011 ... gmail.com). Abstract: We investigate the multi-trip elementary shortest path problem ... Citation: Technical Report, Laboratory for Computationalá...

47

School Trips & Projects in Spring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Projects in Spring & Projects in Spring Nature Bulletin No. 484 March 9, 1957 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist SCHOOL TRIPS & PROJECTS IN SPRINg Spring is the morning of the year when nature reawakens. The days become noticeably longer and warmer. We feel an urge to get out-of- doors and see green growing plants, early wildflowers, and swelling buds on trees and shrubs; see and hear birds returning from their winter homes; hear the mating songs of frogs and toads. The nearest forest preserve, park, meadow or hedgerow -- even a city street or weedy vacant lot -- will have a wealth of plant and animal life. March is a chancy month for field trips but spring can be perking in a classroom before many signs of it appear outdoors. One twig of a forsythia bush, placed in a bottle of water, will soon display its yellow flowers; willow and aspen twigs will develop fat fuzzy catkins; the end of branches from cottonwood, soft maple and elm trees will reveal how some of their winter buds produce flowers and others burst into leaves. The long reddish catkins on a male cottonwood are showy but the small flowers of a maple or an elm are no less beautiful, although seldom noticed on the trees.

48

Multiscale Modeling of Fracture Resistance in TRIP-Assisted ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The fracture resistance of TRIP-assisted multiphase steels is ... austenite in a matrix of ferrite, bainite and martensite in the multiphase steels. ... Statistical Failure Analysis of Crystallographically Isotropic Porous Materials.

49

Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: Kwik Trip  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In addition to the CNG infrastructure, Kwik Trip is developing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) corridor that will run from the Twin Cities to the Wisconsin-Illinois border. Kwik...

50

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: March 22, 5: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on AddThis.com... Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length According to the latest National Household Travel Survey, the average trip

51

Optimal distance separating halfspace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plastria & Carrizosa / Optimal distance separating halfspace. 2. 1 Gauge Distance to a Hyperplane. Let ? be a gauge on Rd with unit ball B, i.e. B is a compactá...

52

Distance in architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The document which follows represents an exploration of distance and its connection to architecture. This exploration is threefold. On one level it regards distance as an ontological question, researching for precedent ...

Criparacos, George C

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to Holland, Michigan Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to Holland, Michigan July 14, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON- Today at 4:00 p.m. EDT, Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm, White House Communications Director Dan Pfeiffer, and Matt Rogers, Senior Advisor to Energy Secretary Chu, will hold a press conference call ahead of the President's trip to Holland, MI, for the official groundbreaking of the new Compact Power plant. As part of the call, they will preview a new Department of Energy report to be released on Thursday that details how Recovery Act investments are creating jobs and helping to build the domestic advanced battery and electric vehicle industry from the ground

54

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 February 25, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu was in Doha, Qatar, where he began the day by signing a Memorandum of Understanding on Renewable and Alternative Energy with Deputy Prime Minister and Energy & Industry Minister Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah. The agreement provides a framework for bilateral cooperation with the Ministry and other Qatari institutions on clean energy innovation. He then met with Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani. In the afternoon, the Secretary participated in a roundtable focused on renewable energy, hosted by the Qatar National Food Security Program. He then traveled to the Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) where he

55

Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction Programs for Greenhouse Gas Profile Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction Programs for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 2:19pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, success can be measured by employee awareness and use of commuting alternatives and trip-reduction efforts. Efforts include guaranteed ride home programs, and showers for walkers and bicyclists. Low use or awareness of an option, combined with a high willingness to use an option, such as teleworking, may suggest the need to improve communications about available alternatives. Next Steps For evaluating a GHG emissions profile for employee commuting, also learn

56

Disruption Management with Rescheduling of Trips and Vehicle Circulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a combined approach for the recovery of a timetable by rescheduling trips and vehicle circulations for a rail-based transportation system subject to disruptions. We propose a novel event-based integer programming (IP) model. Features include shifting and canceling of trips as well as modifying the vehicle schedules by changing or truncating the circulations. The objective maximizes the number of recovered trips, possibly with delay, while guaranteeing a conflict-free new timetable for the estimated time window of the disruption. We demonstrate the usefulness of our approach through experiments for real-life test instances of relevant size, arising from the subway system of Vienna. We focus on scenarios in which one direction of one track is blocked, and trains have to be scheduled through this bottleneck. Solving these instances is made possible by contracting parts of the underlying event-activity graph; this allows a significant size reduction of the IP. Usually, the solutions found wi...

Fekete, Sandor P; Lorek, Martin; Pfetsch, Marc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am...

58

New Developments in TRI?P and RIASH at KVI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The status of the TRI?P facility at KVI is reviewed. Recent results on ion catcher devices are described. A thermo?ionizer for use with alkali and earth?alkali elements is close to completion. Concerning the use of superfluid helium as stopping medium

P. Dendooven; TRI?P group; RIASH group

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Globular Cluster Distance Determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present status of the distance scale to Galactic globular clusters is reviewed. Six distance determination techniques which are deemed to be most reliable are discussed in depth. These different techniques are used to calibrate the absolute magnitude of the RR Lyrae stars. The various calibrations fall into three groups. Main sequence fitting using Hipparcos parallaxes, theoretical HB models and the RR Lyrae in the LMC all favor a bright calibration, implying a `long' globular cluster distance scale. White dwarf fitting and the astrometric distances yield a somewhat fainter RR Lyrae calibration, while the statistical parallax solution yields faint RR Lyrae stars implying a `short' distance scale to globular clusters. Various secondary distance indicators discussed all favor the long distance scale. The `long' and `short' distance scales differ by (0.31+/-0.16) mag. Averaging together all of the different distance determinations yields Mv(RR) = (0.23+/-0.04)([Fe/H] + 1.6) + (0.56+/-0.12) mag.

Brian Chaboyer

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

60

Real-time trip information service for a large taxi fleet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the design, analysis, implementation, and operational deployment of a real-time trip information system that provides passengers with the expected fare and trip duration of the taxi ride they are planning to take. This system ... Keywords: history-based predictions, nearest neighbour queries, partition-based predictions, taxi fleets, trip information service

Rajesh Krishna Balan; Khoa Xuan Nguyen; Lingxiao Jiang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: May 21, 2012 8: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on AddThis.com...

62

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' June 10, 2011 - 2:05pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu wrapped up his week-long visit in Russia today with a special visit to the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Many consider it to be the Russian equivalent of our Los Alamos National Laboratory. VNIIEF, located in Sarov, has a long scientific tradition in Russia, beginning when it was established in 1946 to design nuclear weapons. It's also where the first Soviet nuclear bomb, the "RDS-1," was created.

63

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' June 10, 2011 - 2:05pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu wrapped up his week-long visit in Russia today with a special visit to the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Many consider it to be the Russian equivalent of our Los Alamos National Laboratory. VNIIEF, located in Sarov, has a long scientific tradition in Russia, beginning when it was established in 1946 to design nuclear weapons. It's also where the first Soviet nuclear bomb, the "RDS-1," was created.

64

Analysis of a turbine trip test with a plant analyzer  

SciTech Connect

To improve nuclear power plant safety, the Taiwan Power Company is using a plant analyzer developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The BNL boiling water reactor (BWR) plant analyzer program was converted and modified for the Chinshan power station using the ADSIM simulation language. The plant analyzer uses a special-purpose peripheral processor, the AD-100 from the Applied Dynamic International Company, and detailed mathematical models. With the fast-computing features of the AD-100, the plant analyzer can carry out accurate and fast simulations of nuclear power plant transients. To qualify this program, simulation results were benchmarked against power test data. During a power test a Chinshan unit 1, a 1175-MW(thermal) boiling water reactor (BWR), a turbine trip test was performed from a steady-state condition of 83% of rated core power and 80% of rated core flow. It was initiated by a manual trip of the turbine. The purpose of this work is to simulate the turbine trip transient with the plant analyzer and compare the results with plant test data.

Wang, Shih-Jen; Chien, C.S.; Jang, J.Y.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Approximating geodesic tree distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Billera, Holmes, and Vogtmann introduced an intriguing new phylogenetic tree metric for weighted trees with useful properties related to statistical analysis. However, the best known algorithm for calculating this distance is exponential in the number ... Keywords: Analysis of algorithms, Phylogeny, Tree metric

Nina Amenta; Matthew Godwin; Nicolay Postarnakevich; Katherine St. John

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Post-Trip Voltage Prediction at Nuclear and Other Generating Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) project is to investigate the possibility of predicting the switchyard voltage in a nuclear power plant (NPP) following a trip of a nuclear unit. Two methods of post-trip voltage prediction are investigated. The first method, called the V-Q method, uses minimal local plant information (such as unit operating conditionsactive and reactive power output and pre-trip voltage) to predict post-trip voltage based on the sensitivity of voltage to the...

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

The effect of multiple entrances on the elevator round trip time under up-peak traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of vertical transportation systems relies on the calculation of the interval as an indicator of the quality of service. This in turn involves the accurate calculation of the round trip time of a single elevator. The calculation of the round ... Keywords: Basement, Elevator, Interval, Lift, Round trip time, Up peak traffic

Lutfi Al-Sharif

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Testing of the TriP Chip Running at 132 nsec Using a Modified AFE Board  

SciTech Connect

In this note we describe the first set of tests done with a sample of TriP chips that were mounted on a modified AFE board. The modifications consisted of different firmware and the replacement of one power supply switch. The board used was a standard AFEIc board (red type) on which new MCMs (MCMIIs) were mounted. The new MCMs were designed to support the TriP and emulate the SVX for readout when mounted on an AFEIc board. The TriP and the MCMs are described in Ref. [1]. Two versions of the MCMII were designed and built: one (MCMIIb) supports two TriP chips wirebonded directly to the MCM substrate. The other, (MCMIIc) supports one TriP which can be either wirebonded directly or packaged into a standard TQFP surface mount package. Due to space constraints, this MCM can support only 1 TriP. We tested 6 TriP chips on 3 different MCMIIb (MCMIIb-1, MCMIIb-2 and MCMIIb-3) and 2 other TriPs were tested on MCMIIc, one of them with an unpackaged TriP (MCMIIc-1) and the other with a packaged TriP (MCMIIc-2). A set of 10 programable internal registers control the TriP operation, the description of these registers can be found in [1]. Table 1 shows the values used for the tests described in this note. In Ref. [1] there is a description of the signals that are needed to operate the TriP chip. We implemented in a Field Programable Gate Array (FPGA), also part of the MCM, a set of shift registers that allow us to download via the 1553 interface to the AFE board, any desired timing for the signals that the FPGA has to send to the TriP chip. These registers are run with a 121.21 MHz clock (which is 16x the crossing clock and phase locked to it), which means that each bit corresponds to a time interval of 8.25 nsec. Finer control of timing is possible, but this changing the programing of the FPGA and recompiling. The bits downloaded to these shift registers inside the TriP are listed in Table 2.

Juan Estrada et al.

2003-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

69

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thursday, February 25 Thursday, February 25 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 February 25, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu was in Doha, Qatar, where he began the day by signing a Memorandum of Understanding on Renewable and Alternative Energy with Deputy Prime Minister and Energy & Industry Minister Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah. The agreement provides a framework for bilateral cooperation with the Ministry and other Qatari institutions on clean energy innovation. He then met with Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani. In the afternoon, the Secretary participated in a roundtable focused on renewable energy, hosted by the Qatar National Food Security Program. He then traveled to the Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) where he

70

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tuesday, February 23 Tuesday, February 23 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 February 23, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu visited King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea coast near Jeddah. His host was Saudi Minister of Petroleum and Minerals Ali Al Naimi, who is Chair of the KAUST Board of Trustees. KAUST is an international, graduate-level research university dedicated to science and technology that opened in September of 2009. The Secretary received a briefing on scientific work underway at the university from Professor Choon Fong Shih, President of KAUST, faculty members and students. Secretary Chu emphasized the Administration's commitment to science and to the development of renewable sources of energy. He quizzed members of the

71

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Wednesday, February 24 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wednesday, February 24 Wednesday, February 24 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Wednesday, February 24 February 24, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu was in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, where he affirmed the commitment of the United States to building a close relationship with the UAE on clean energy issues. He began the day with a meeting with the Minister of Energy for UAE, Mohammed bin Dha'en el Hamili. He then signed an Implementing Agreement on nuclear energy and nonproliferation with UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Dr. Anwar Gargash. The Secretary traveled to the offices of the Masdar Initiative to discuss the work the initiative is doing to diversify the UAE economy and develop global leadership in alternative energy. He was hosted by Dr.

72

Smarter outlier detection and deeper understanding of large-scale taxi trip records: a case study of NYC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Outlier detection in large-scale taxi trip records has imposed significant technical challenges due to huge data volumes and complex semantics. In this paper, we report our preliminary work on detecting outliers from 166 millions taxi trips in the New ... Keywords: high-performance, outlier detection, shortest path, taxi trip

Jianting Zhang

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

DOE Solar Decathlon: Tuskegee University: Going the Distance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuskegee University house on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., during Solar Decathlon 2002. Tuskegee University house on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., during Solar Decathlon 2002. Enlarge image The Tuskegee Solar Decathlon team got its inspiration from traditional Southern architecture, which relies on passive cooling strategies such as the dogtrot, a central shaded breezeway that runs through the house. (Credit: Paul Norton/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: Tuskegee University What: Solar house Where: Tuskegee University 1200 W. Montgomery Road Tuskegee, AL 36088 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2002 Tuskegee University: Going the Distance Tuskegee University students successfully overcame funding and time limitations to make the trip to Washington, D.C., for the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2002. Now, with time back on its side, the

74

Digital field trip to the Central Nevada Thrust Belt  

SciTech Connect

Hydrocarbon exploration in the Central Nevada Thrust Belt is still in its infancy. However, this thrust belt contains all the elements necessary for hydrocarbon accumulations: thick, organically-rich shales; reefs, regional unconformities, karst surfaces, porous sandstones, and extensive and pervasive fractures; anticlines tens of miles long by miles wide; thrust faults that juxtapose potential source and reservoir rocks; and oil seeps. Along a fairway from Las Vegas to Elko, for example, thick Mississippian shales contain 4-6% total organic carbon and are oil-prone and thermally mature. This presentation from a laptop computer and LCD projector is a multimedia version of our October 12-14, 1995 field trip to document the hydrocarbon potential of the thrust belt in Clark, Lincoln, and Nye Counties. Outcrop images were recorded by a digital camera that has a resolution equivalent to a 14 inch computer screen; these images were then downloaded to the computer. All of the images were processed digitally on location to enhance picture quality and color contrast. Many were annotated on location with our observations, measurements, and interpretations. These field annotations are supplemented in this presentation by laboratory analyses. The presentation includes full-color, annotated outcrop images, sounds, and animations. The results show the viability of the new, inexpensive digital cameras to geologic field work in which a multimedia report, ready for presentation to management, can be generated in the field.

Chamberlain, A.K. (Cedar Strat Corp., Hiko, NV (United States)); Hook, S.C. (Texaco E P Technology Department, Houston, TX (United States)); Frost, K.R. (Texaco Exploration and Production, Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Field trip guide to selected outcrops, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arbuckle Mountains, named for Brigadier General Matthew Arbuckle, are located in south-central Oklahoma. The formations that comprise the Arbuckle Mountains have been extensively studied for hydrocarbon source rock and reservoir rock characteristics that can be applied to the subsurface in the adjacent Anadarko and Ardmore basins. Numerous reports and guidebooks have been written concerning the Arbuckle Mountains. A few important general publications are provided in the list of selected references. The purpose of this handout is to provide general information on the geology of the Arbuckle Mountains and specific information on the four field trip stops, adapted from the literature. The four stops were at: (1) Sooner Rock and Sand Quarry; (2) Woodford Shale; (3) Hunton Anticline and Hunton Quarry; and (4) Tar Sands of Sulfur Area. As part of this report, two papers are included for more detail: Paleomagnetic dating of basinal fluid migration, base-metal mineralization, and hydrocarbon maturation in the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma and Laminated black shale-bedded chert cyclicity in the Woodford Formation, southern Oklahoma.

NONE

1991-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

76

Trip report for field visit to Fayetteville Shale gas wells.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a visit to several gas well sites in the Fayetteville Shale on August 9, 2007. I met with George Sheffer, Desoto Field Manager for SEECO, Inc. (a large gas producer in Arkansas). We talked in his Conway, Arkansas, office for an hour and a half about the processes and technologies that SEECO uses. We then drove into the field to some of SEECO's properties to see first-hand what the well sites looked like. In 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) made several funding awards under a program called Low Impact Natural Gas and Oil (LINGO). One of the projects that received an award is 'Probabilistic Risk-Based Decision Support for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Facilities in Sensitive Ecosystems'. The University of Arkansas at Fayetteville has the lead on the project, and Argonne National Laboratory is a partner. The goal of the project is to develop a Web-based decision support tool that will be used by mid- and small-sized oil and gas companies as well as environmental regulators and other stakeholders to proactively minimize adverse ecosystem impacts associated with the recovery of gas reserves in sensitive areas. The project focuses on a large new natural gas field called the Fayetteville Shale. Part of the project involves learning how the natural gas operators do business in the area and the technologies they employ. The field trip on August 9 provided an opportunity to do that.

Veil, J. A.; Environmental Science Division

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip November 20, 2005 - 2:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman concluded his four-nation swing through the Middle East this weekend, by attending the inauguration of the New Permanent Headquarter Office Building of the International Energy Forum (IEF) Secretariat and participating in a number of bilateral meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. "This trip allowed me to meet face-to-face with leaders of energy-producing nations and discuss with them the energy goals and needs of the United States," Secretary Bodman said. "Especially in the aftermath of the hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico this year, we recognize how important it

78

Field trip guide to the Valles Caldera and its geothermal systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This field trip guide has been compiled from extensive field trips led at Los Alamos National Laboratory during the past six years. The original version of this guide was designed to augment a workshop on the Valles Caldera for the Continental Scientific Drilling Program (CSDP). This workshop was held at Los Alamos, New Mexico, 5-7 October 1982. More stops were added to this guide to display the volcanic and geothermal features at the Valles Caldera. The trip covers about 90 miles (one way) and takes two days to complete; however, those who wish to compress the trip into one day are advised to use the designated stops listed in the Introduction. Valles Caldera and vicinity comprise both one of the most exciting geothermal areas in the United States and one of the best preserved Quaternary caldera complexes in the world.

Goff, F.E.; Bolivar, S.L.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Turbine-Generator Auxiliary Systems, Volume 5: Main and Feedpump Turbine Trip Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the trip systems for the mechanical hydraulic control (MHC) and electrohydraulic control (EHC) main turbine and feedpump turbines for the General Electric (GE) and Siemens Westinghouse (SW) units in the United States.

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

80

Effects of Forming Induced Phase Transformation on Crushing Behavior of TRIP Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, results of finite element crash simulation are presented for a TRIP steel side rail with and without considering the phase transformation during forming operations. A homogeneous phase transformation model is adapted to model the mechanical behavior of the austenite-to-martensite phase. The forming process of TRIP steels is simulated with the implementation of the material model. The distribution and volume fraction of the martensite in TRIP steels may be greatly influenced by various factors during forming process and subsequently contribute to the behavior of the formed TRIP steels during the crushing process. The results indicate that, with the forming induced phase transformation, higher energy absorption of the side rail can be achieved. The phase transformation enhances the strength of the side rail

Liu, Wenning N.; Choi, Kyoo Sil; Soulami, Ayoub; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington DC -- Energy Secretary Steven Chu will postpone a trip to China, scheduled for next week, at the request of President Obama and stay in the country to continue his work on response efforts to the BP oil spill. "Finding a solution to this crisis is a matter of national importance," Secretary Chu said. "I want to continue to play a role in assisting in the efforts and stopping this leak as soon as possible." Secretary Chu was originally scheduled to visit Beijing and Shanghai and discuss further progress on bilateral clean energy cooperation.

82

Steam Turbine Supervisory Instrumentation Systems, Volume 1: Reducing Spurious Trips While Maintaining Machine Protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, personnel at a number of utilities operating steam turbine generators have expressed concern with regard to spurious or unnecessary unit trips caused by turbine supervisory instrumentation (TSI). Spurious trips can be costly, and they can cause unnecessary challenges to safety equipment, especially at nuclear units. A better understanding of the function and design basis surrounding TSI as well as how to appropriately use the instrumentation can help the industry to mitigate risks of false ...

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

83

United States: Ukraine Technical Exchange II trip report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 15--21, 1994, the first technical conference was held at Hanford between Ukraine-Chornobyl, Westinghouse Hanford, and SAIC, to exchange technical information and experience gained in cleanup and stabilization of radioactive contamination at Hanford and Chornobyl. Protocol was signed for a second exchange and technology demonstration program in Kiev and near Chornobyl power plants. Technical Exchange No. 2 was held from August 28--September 9, 1994, with 3 focus areas: field demonstration of DOE-Hanford technologies and application to cleanup of contaminated lands resulting from 1986 Chornobyl accident; application of other US DOE-technologies; and observation/evaluation of Ukraine-developed technologies for potential application in USA. Three radiological mapping systems were demonstrated near Chornobyl: man-carried Ultrasonic Ranging and Data System, a mobile radiological data system, and NOMAD field gamma spectroscopy system. The Ukraine-Chornobyl team hosted technical presentations, discussions and field trips for 4.5 days, providing insight on the Chornobyl problem and allowing the US team to present overviews on DOE technologies that may be applicable to the Chornobyl situation. It is concluded that Ukrainian scientists have tremendous talent and expended considerable energy in attempting to tackle such a problem, but economic and cultural conditions with Ukraine have prevented them from acquiring the resources to implement basic aspects of characterization and remediation activities. Most of their publications are in Russian only. Their translation, plus resources to carry out proposals for bench scale and field demonstration projects, could benefit the DOE complex and other nuclear programs. The considerable cultural and economic change occurring in Ukraine, is providing opportunities for private industries to assist in the changes and for DOE, others to apply cleanup technologies, and it is essential that close institutional relations be established.

Moak, D.J.; Wendling, M.A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Rural Schools and Distance Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2006, the author began research on current issues in rural education in which teachers recounted narratives of teaching. As deficits, they spoke of an inability to retain teachers, too little diversity in student programming, and lack of access to ... Keywords: Distance Education, Distance Education Technologies, Educational Technology, Rural Schools, Teacher Practices

Barbara G. Barter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

(Discussion of plastic media blasting): Foreign trip report, 1988  

SciTech Connect

The visit to MBB was to see and discuss the plastic media blasting equipment developed and manufactured as a cooperative effort by Schlick and MBB. The Germans emphasized a systematic approach and complete control over most parameters. The goal is to achieve conditions which do not cause damage to the aircraft. To arrive at the goal the air pressure that delivers the air to entrain the media, the flow rate of media, and the media itself are carefully and accurately controlled. Distance of nozzle and angle of blasting were systematically investigated. The wet (freon) cleanup system under development at Schlick was not discussed.

Gat, U.

1988-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

86

U.S. Secretary of Energy Concludes Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Successful Trip to Trinidad and Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago U.S. Secretary of Energy Concludes Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago May 13, 2008 - 12:00pm Addthis Visit continues bilateral efforts to advance energy security WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today concluded a visit to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago focused on strengthening and expanding the two nations' strategic energy and economic relationship. The United States is Trinidad and Tobago's largest market for liquefied natural gas (LNG), importing nearly 60 percent of the LNG exported from the country. As such, the country plays an integral role in advancing the Bush Administration's strategy to ensure safe, reliable, clean and diverse energy supplies in the United States. "The United States is proud of its relationship with a strong and open

87

Secretary Chu to Visit Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Google Headquarters During Trip to San Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco Secretary Chu to Visit Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco October 21, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - During a visit to San Francisco tomorrow, Friday, Oct. 22, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will visit Google, Inc. headquarters to participate in a fireside chat with company employees to discuss the Obama Administration's vision for a clean and renewable energy economy. While at Google, Secretary Chu will also participate in a series of briefings with company researchers and scientists to learn more about the company's innovative ventures in the energy sector. WHAT: U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu to participate in fireside chat at Google, Inc. WHEN: Friday, October 22, 2010

88

Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) Share Topic Energy Energy efficiency Vehicles Electric drive technology Browse By - Any - Energy -Energy efficiency --Vehicles ---Alternative fuels ---Automotive engineering ---Diesel ---Electric drive technology ---Hybrid & electric vehicles ---Powertrain research --Building design ---Construction --Manufacturing -Energy sources --Renewable energy ---Bioenergy ---Solar energy --Fossil fuels ---Natural Gas --Nuclear energy ---Nuclear energy modeling & simulation ---Nuclear fuel cycle ---Reactors -Energy usage --Energy storage ---Batteries ----Lithium-ion batteries ----Lithium-air batteries --Electricity transmission --Smart Grid Environment -Biology --Computational biology --Environmental biology

89

Random Distances Associated with Rhombuses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallelograms are one of the basic building blocks in two-dimensional tiling. They have important applications in a wide variety of science and engineering fields, such as wireless communication networks, urban transportation, operations research, etc. Different from rectangles and squares, the coordinates of a random point in parallelograms are no longer independent. As a case study of parallelograms, the explicit probability density functions of the random Euclidean distances associated with rhombuses are given in this report, when both endpoints are randomly distributed in 1) the same rhombus, 2) two parallel rhombuses sharing a side, and 3) two rhombuses having a common diagonal, respectively. The accuracy of the distance distribution functions is verified by simulation, and the correctness is validated by a recursion and a probabilistic sum. The first two statistical moments of the random distances, and the polynomial fit of the density functions are also given in this report for practical uses.

Yanyan Zhuang; Jianping Pan

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

System and method for individually testing valves in a steam turbine trip control system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a steam turbine power plant. It comprises: a steam generator; a steam turbine adapted to receive steam form the steam generator; a throttle valve for regulating the flow of the steam received by the steam turbine; and an electro-hydraulic trip control system for causing the throttle valve to close when a predetermined condition has been reached.

Hurley, J.D.

1992-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

91

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: The growth of our economy is demanding construction of a variety of power plants to generateA Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1" Bill Bottom 2 Alex Young 3 electricity which is having a significant impact on the visual environment. These power plants will consist

Standiford, Richard B.

92

Ice Climbing in Clear Creek Canyon A climbing trip report by Glenn Murray  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ice Climbing in Clear Creek Canyon A climbing trip report by Glenn Murray SUMMARY: I climb ice in to ask about local climbing. The guys there told me there was ice nearby, in Clear Creek Canyon. I. Four pitches? Five? It was time to find a partner. The only ice climber I knew in Denver was a friend

93

Acceptance test procedure for removal of CS1K circuit switcher block and trip schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This supporting document provides a detailed process to test the functions of the circuit switcher, protective relays, alarms, SCADA and 125VDC control logic of 115kV and 13.8kV systems at B3S4 substation following the removal of trip and blocking schemes to Transformer No.1 Circuit Switcher B594.

HACHE, J.M.

1999-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

94

Water-to-Cement Distance Analysis Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water-to-Cement Distance Analysis Software. Description/Summary: ... Type of software: Analysis Software of Water-to-Cement Distance Analysis. ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

95

Academic Strategies for Distance Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Education all over the world is of paramount importance as it provides economies with opportunities for development and growth. Education is important for both-developed and developing economies-for the former to maintain their lead position and for ... Keywords: Academic, Distance Education, Education, Knowledge, Learning, Quality, Standards, Strategies

Neeta Baporikar

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Distance indexing on road networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The processing of kNN and continuous kNN queries on spatial network databases (SNDB) has been intensively studied recently. However, there is a lack of systematic study on the computation of network distances, which is the most fundamental difference ...

Haibo Hu; Dik Lun Lee; Victor C. S. Lee

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Predicting Fracture Toughness of TRIP 800 using Phase Properties Characterized by In-Situ High Energy X-Ray Diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TRansformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steel is a typical representative of 1st generation advanced high strength steel (AHSS) which exhibits a combination of high strength and excellent ductility due to its multiphase microstructure. In this paper, we study the crack propagation behavior and fracture resistance of a TRIP 800 steel using a microstructure-based finite element method with the various phase properties characterized by in-situ high energy Xray diffraction (HEXRD) technique. Uniaxial tensile tests on the notched TRIP 800 sheet specimens were also conducted, and the experimentally measured tensile properties and R-curves (Resistance curves) were used to calibrate the modeling parameters and to validate the overall modeling results. The comparison between the simulated and experimentally measured results suggests that the micromechanics based modeling procedure can well capture the overall complex crack propagation behaviors and the fracture resistance of TRIP steels. The methodology adopted here may be used to estimate the fracture resistance of various multiphase materials.

Soulami, Ayoub; Choi, Kyoo Sil; Liu, Wenning N.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Ren, Yang; Wang, Yan-Dong

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

A dynamic model system of household car ownership, trip generation, and modal split: model development and simulation experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1987) Why do people buy cars? Paper presented at the 5thRegression Model of Private Car Use. Report AE 4/87, FacultyEffects of Income and Car Ownership on Trip Generation: A

Kitamura, Ryuichi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Effects of Sample Geometry and Loading Rate onTensile Ductility of TRIP800 Steel  

SciTech Connect

The effects of sample geometry and loading rate on the tensile ductility of a commercial grade Transformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steel are examined in this paper. Quasistatic tensile tests were performed for the 1.2mm gauge TRIP800 steel sheets with two geometries: sub-sized ASTM E-8 and a custom designed miniature tensile sample. Sample geometry effects on post-uniform elongation are discussed together with other experimental data reported in the open literature. Further discussions on the effects of sample geometry are cast in the context of mesh-size dependent ductility in finite element-based engineering simulations. The quasi-static tensile curve for the miniature sample is then compared with the split Hopkinson bar results at the loading rates of 1700-S-1 and 2650-S-1 with the same sample design. In contrary to the typical strain rate sensitivity results for mild steel where the dynamic strength increase at high strain rate usually occurs at the price of ductility reduction, our results show that the TRIP800 under examination has positive strain rate sensitivity on both strength and ductility. Images of the deformation process captured by high speed camera together with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) near the fracture zone are also used to elucidate the different deformation modes at different loading rates.

Sun, Xin; Soulami, Ayoub; Choi, Kyoo Sil; Guzman, O.; Chen, Weinong W.

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Method and apparatus for optimizing a train trip using signal information  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One embodiment of the invention includes a system for operating a railway network comprising a first railway vehicle (400) during a trip along track segments (401/412/420). The system comprises a first element (65) for determining travel parameters of the first railway vehicle (400), a second element (65) for determining travel parameters of a second railway vehicle (418) relative to the track segments to be traversed by the first vehicle during the trip, a processor (62) for receiving information from the first (65) and the second (65) elements and for determining a relationship between occupation of a track segment (401/412/420) by the second vehicle (418) and later occupation of the same track segment by the first vehicle (400) and an algorithm embodied within the processor (62) having access to the information to create a trip plan that determines a speed trajectory for the first vehicle (400), wherein the speed trajectory is responsive to the relationship and further in accordance with one or more operational criteria for the first vehicle (400).

Kumar, Ajith Kuttannair; Daum, Wolfgang; Otsubo, Tom; Hershey, John Erik; Hess, Gerald James

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Metrics and methods for social distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distance measures are important for scientists because they illustrate the dynamics of geospatial topologies for physical and social processes. Two major types of distance are generally used for this purpose: Euclidean ...

Andris, Clio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Adaptive multi-stage distance join processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spatial distance join is a relatively new type of operation introduced for spatial and multimedia database applications. Additional requirements for ranking and stopping cardinality are often combined with the spatial distance join in on-line query ...

Hyoseop Shin; Bongki Moon; Sukho Lee

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Normalized Compression Distance of Multiples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normalized compression distance (NCD) is a parameter-free similarity measure based on compression. The NCD between pairs of objects is not sufficient for all applications. We propose an NCD of finite multisets (multiples) of objacts that is metric and is better for many applications. Previously, attempts to obtain such an NCD failed. We use the theoretical notion of Kolmogorov complexity that for practical purposes is approximated from above by the length of the compressed version of the file involved, using a real-world compression program. We applied the new NCD for multiples to retinal progenitor cell questions that were earlier treated with the pairwise NCD. Here we get significantly better results. We also applied the NCD for multiples to synthetic time sequence data. The preliminary results are as good as nearest neighbor Euclidean classifier.

Cohen, Andrew R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Local discriminative distance metrics ensemble learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultimate goal of distance metric learning is to incorporate abundant discriminative information to keep all data samples in the same class close and those from different classes separated. Local distance metric methods can preserve discriminative ... Keywords: Distance metrics learning, Local learning

Yang Mu; Wei Ding; Dacheng Tao

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Department of Energy 2013 Annual Inspection - Piqua, OH, Decommissioned Reactor Site Department of Energy 2013 Annual Inspection - Piqua, OH, Decommissioned Reactor Site June 2013 Page 1 2013 Annual Inspection and Radiological Survey Results for the Piqua, Ohio, Decommissioned Reactor Site Summary The former Piqua Nuclear Power Facility (PNPF), a decommissioned nuclear power demonstration facility, was inspected on April 18, 2013. The site, located on the east bank of the Great Miami River in Piqua, Ohio, is in good physical condition. There is no requirement for a

106

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Site A/Plot M, Cook County, Illinois Site A/Plot M, Cook County, Illinois May 2013 Page 1 2013 Inspection and Annual Site Status Report for the Site A/Plot M, Cook County, Illinois Decontamination and Decommissioning Program Site Summary Site A/Plot M was inspected on April 10, 2013. The site, located within a county forest preserve with significant tree and grass cover, was in good condition. No cause for a follow-up inspection was identified. Erosion on top of the grass covered mound at Plot M continues to be a concern. Bike traffic produces ruts which if left unfixed grow and threaten the protectiveness of the soil cover on top of the mound. In 2010 ANL personnel repaired two areas at Plot M by filling in the ruts with clean top soil and re-seeding. In 2012, additional repairs were made by ANL personnel. Three-

107

EUCLIDEAN DISTANCE MATRIX COMPLETION PROBLEMS June ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 6, 2010 ... part by NSF Grant CCF 0514213 and DOE Grant DESC0002218. REFERENCES . [1] A. Y. Alfakih, On the uniqueness of Euclidean distanceá...

108

Characterizing Walk Trips in communities by Using Data from 2009 National Household Travel Survey, American Community Survey, and Other Sources  

SciTech Connect

Non-motorized travel (i.e. walking and bicycling) are of increasing interest to the transportation profession, especially in context with energy consumption, reducing vehicular congestion, urban development patterns, and promotion of healthier life styles. This research project aimed to identify factors impacting the amount of travel for both walk and bike trips at the Census block group or tract level, using several public and private data sources. The key survey of travel behavior is the 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) which had over 87,000 walk trips for persons 16 and over, and over 6000 bike trips for persons 16 and over. The NHTS, in conjunction with the Census Bureau s American Community Survey, street density measures using Census Bureau TIGER, WalkScore , Nielsen Claritas employment estimates, and several other sources were used for this study. Stepwise Logistic Regression modeling techniques as well as Discriminant Analysis were applied using the integrated data set. While the models performed reasonably well for walk trips, travel by bike was abandoned due to sparseness of data. This paper discusses data sources utilized and modeling processes conducted under this study. It also presents a summary of findings and addresses data challenges and lesson-learned from this research effort.

Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [Macrosys; Wilson, Daniel W [ORNL; Murakami, Elaine [FHWA USDOT

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Validation of River Flows in HadGEM1 and HadCM3 with the TRIP River Flow Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Total Runoff Integrating Pathways (TRIP) global river-routing scheme in the third climate configuration of the Met Office Unified Model (HadCM3) and the newer Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model version 1 (HadGEM1) general circulation ...

Pete Falloon; Richard Betts; Andrew Wiltshire; Rutger Dankers; Camilla Mathison; Doug McNeall; Paul Bates; Mark Trigg

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Optimal expected-distance separating halfspace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If a different norm is used for each data set in order to measure distances to ... In practical settings, one usually has a data set D = {(x1,y1),..., (xp,yp)} ?. Rd Î {?1

111

Sensor fault detection using the Mahalanobis distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described by which a localized sensor abnormality can be detected using the Mahalanobis distance. The Mahalanobis distance is approximately the weighted distance from the hyperplane formed by the principal components to the particular observation. Qualitatively, the principal components correspond to the physical laws that govern the behavior of the systems and constraints placed on the system. If there are more sensors than principal components, there are redundant measurements. This redundancy can be used to detect abnormalities that are due either to sensor failure or a localized change in the system being measured. The method compares the distribution of the Mahalanobis distance during normal operation with the distribution during the current operation. A likelihood ratio test is then used to determine if a sensor has gone bad or if operations in the reactor are different from normal. The sensor whose value is not normal is identified by comparing Mahalanobis distances computed with one sensor masked. When the abnormal sensor is masked, the Mahalanobis distance for this subset of sensors will be within prespecified bounds. The method is demonstrated on 20 subassembly output thermocouples in the core of Experimental Breeder Reactor II.

White, A.M.; Gross, K.C. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Kubic, W.L (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Short-Distance Structure of Nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of Jefferson Lab's original missions was to further our understanding of the short-distance structure of nuclei. In particular, to understand what happens when two or more nucleons within a nucleus have strongly overlapping wave-functions; a phenomena commonly referred to as short-range correlations. Herein, we review the results of the (e,e'), (e,e'p) and (e,e'pN) reactions that have been used at Jefferson Lab to probe this short-distance structure as well as provide an outlook for future experiments.

Douglas Higinbotham, Eliazer Piasetzky, Stephen Wood

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Bounds on distance distributions in codes of known size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We treat the problem of bounding components of the possible distance distributions of codes given the knowledge of their size and possibly minimum distance. Using the Beckner inequality from harmonic analysis, we derive upper bounds on distance distribution ...

A. E. Ashikhmin; G. D. Cohen; M. Krivelevich; S. N. Litsyn

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Treating high pressure zones in one trip in Canyon Reef area of Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Canyon Reef area near Snyder, Texas, Chevron U.S.A. Inc. is employing ratchet operated, packer type retrievable bridge plugs which have allowed operators to test, treat, or squeeze high pressure zones over a 35-day period on a single trip of the workstring. More zones could have been treated if necessary. The bridge plug was moved and set 31 times while treating the zones. Elapsed time is shown in days starting with T-date being the day tools were first run in for the treatment. The job was run with an average treating pressure of 1,000 psi, and a differential pressure of 2,500 psi that alternated from above the bridge plug to below and back each time the plug was moved to a new zone. The bridge plug used for the job seals by the action of a patented ratcheting mechanism which requires relatively light weight to set. Design of the ratchet enables the sealing elements to hold a seal against the casing wall while the hold-down slips are being set.

Cooley, G.; Mccowen, D.; Fore, M.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

FY94 CAG trip reports, CAG memos and other products: Volume 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) of the US DOE is tasked with designing, constructing, and operating an Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The purpose of the YMP is to provide detailed characterization of the Yucca Mountain site for the potential mined geologic repository for permanent disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Detailed characterization of properties of the site are to be conducted through a wide variety of short-term and long-term in-situ tests. Testing methods require the installation of a large number of test instruments and sensors with a variety of functions. These instruments produce analog and digital data that must be collected, processed, stored, and evaluated in an attempt to predict performance of the repository. The Integrated Data and Control System (IDCS) is envisioned as a distributed data acquisition that electronically acquires and stores data from these test instruments. IDCS designers are responsible for designing and overseeing the procurement of the system, IDCS Operation and Maintenance operates and maintains the installed system, and the IDCS Data Manager is responsible for distribution of IDCS data to participants. This report is a compilation of trip reports, interoffice memos, and other memos relevant to Computer Applications Group, Inc., work on this project.

NONE

1994-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Global Evaluation of the ISBA-TRIP Continental Hydrological System. Part II: Uncertainties in River Routing Simulation Related to Flow Velocity and Groundwater Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the companion paper to this one (Part I), the Interactions between Soil, Biosphere, and AtmosphereľTotal Runoff Integrating Pathways (ISBA-TRIP) continental hydrological system of the Centre National de Recherches MÚtÚorologiques is evaluated ...

B. Decharme; R. Alkama; H. Douville; M. Becker; A. Cazenave

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Going the Distance Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance September 17, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Toggle Routes onoff Return to map Solar Decathlon Journeys Visualizing the...

118

Semantic distances for technology landscape visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach to the visualization of research domains in science and technology. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information regarding trends and patterns ... Keywords: Clustering, Data mining, Semantic distance, Technology forecasting

Wei Lee Woon; Stuart Madnick

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

120

OFA2013_Storage@Distance.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Storage Systems Group NERSC Storage Systems Group Storage at a Distance --- 1 --- Open F abrics A lliance U ser D ay What is storage at a distance? * Data i s n ot l ocal t o t he u ser/resource * Processing a nd w orkflow n eeds a re n ear r eal---7me - Don't w ant t o w ait u n9l d ata t ransfer i s c omplete - Need t o s ee r esults, m ake a djustments, a nd t ry a gain * Network w ill b ecome p art o f t he i nstruments - Telescopes a nd t heir d ata - Sequencers a nd t heir g enome d ata - Light s ources a nd t heir d ata * Is t here a n a rchitecture/protocol t hat i s n ecessary today for successfully providing storage at a distance? - Ethernet v s. I B - ROCE v s. R DMA v s. I P --- 2 --- Open F abrics A lliance U ser D ay Use case 1: Instruments (beam lines) * ShiB w ork ( 24hr c overage) - Scien9sts fl y i n a nd u se t he i nstrument

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Protection of Pharmaceutical Patents and Data under TRIPS and US-Jordan FTA: Exploring the Limits of Obligations and Flexibilities: A Study of the Impacts on the Pharmaceutical Sector in Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In 2000, Jordan signed the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) and a free trade agreement with the US (USJFTA).ů (more)

Abughanm, Saad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Assessment of full power turbine trip start-up test for C. Trillo 1 with RELAP5/MOD2. International Agreement Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

C. Trillo I has developed a model of the plant with RELAP5/MOD2/36.04. This model will be validated against a selected set of start-up tests. One of the transients selected to that aim is the turbine trip, which presents very specific characteristics that make it significantly different from the same transient in other PWRs of different design, the main difference being that the reactor is not tripped: a reduction in primary power is carried out instead. Pre-test calculations were done of the Turbine Trip Test and compared against the actual test. Minor problems in the first model, specially in the Control and Limitation Systems, were identified and post-test calculations had been carried out. The results show a good agreement with data for all the compared variables.

Lozano, M.F.; Moreno, P.; de la Cal, C.; Larrea, E.; Lopez, A.; Santamaria, J.G.; Lopez, E.; Novo, M. [Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

2D Euclidean distance transform algorithms: A comparative survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distance transform (DT) is a general operator forming the basis of many methods in computer vision and geometry, with great potential for practical applications. However, all the optimal algorithms for the computation of the exact Euclidean DT (EDT) ... Keywords: Dijkstra's algorithm, Distance transform, computational geometry, exact Euclidean distance map, performance evaluation, shape analysis

Ricardo Fabbri; Luciano Da F. Costa; Julio C. Torelli; Odemir M. Bruno

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Distance Is Not Dead: Social Interaction and Geographical Distance in the Internet Era  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet revolution has made long-distance communication dramatically faster, easier, and cheaper than ever before. This, it has been argued, has decreased the importance of geographic proximity in social interactions, transforming our world into a global village with a borderless society. We argue for the opposite: while technology has undoubtedly increased the overall level of communication, this increase has been most pronounced for local social ties. We show that the volume of electronic communications is inversely proportional to geographic distance, following a Power Law. We directly study the importance of physical proximity in social interactions by analyzing the spatial dissemination of new baby names. Counter-intuitively, and in line with the above argument, the importance of geographic proximity has dramatically increased with the internet revolution.

Goldenberg, Jacob

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

EnergyCS Prius Altairnano 2009 Report.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

period: All trips combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 2 Total number of trips Total distance traveled (mi) Trips...

126

EnergyCS Prius Valence 2009 Report.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

period: All trips combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 2 Total number of trips Total distance traveled (mi) Trips...

127

MEDICAL CONSENT AGREEMENT If I should require medical treatment because of injury or illness during the trip, I consent to such  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEDICAL CONSENT AGREEMENT If I should require medical treatment because of injury or illness during/or accident insurance for trip participants and I agree to be financially responsible for any medical bills incurred as a result of an emergency or other medical treatment I may require while participating

Dyer, Bill

128

Helsinki Journal, Entry 20, December 17, 2006 I am writing this entry on the day we returned to Helsinki from our trip to Norway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Viking Ship Museums ┬ş Norwegians revere their famous explorers. I found each of these sights deeply. #12;One of the major highlights of the trip, however, was that we were able to meet with some distant coursin. It's difficult, at this point, to comment objectively on what it means to meet distant family

Bardsley, John

129

GenForecast(26yr)(avg).PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLCAIP Historical & Forecast Generation at Plant Total Range of Hydrology 0 2,000,000,000 4,000,000,000 6,000,000,000 8,000,000,000 10,000,000,000 12,000,000,000 1 9 7 0 1 9 7 2 1...

130

On electric resistances for distance-regular graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the behavior of electric potentials on distance-regular graphs, and extend some results of a prior paper. Our main result, Theorem 4, shows(together with Corollary 3) that if distance is measured by the electric resistance between points then all points are close to being equidistant on a distance-regular graph with large valency. A number of auxiliary results are also presented.

Koolen, Jack; Park, Jongyook

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste

132

Spatial chemical distance based on atomic property fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

009-9316-x Spatial chemical distance based on atomicSimilarity of compound chemical structures often leads tonot always true, as distinct chemical scaffolds can exhibit

Grigoryan, A. V.; Kufareva, I.; Totrov, M.; Abagyan, R. A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Consumer Adoption of Online Banking: Does Distance Matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adoption of Online Banking: Does Distance Matter? Beethikaand Goolsbee, Austan (2002). "Does the Internet Make Marketsto the closest bank branch does not affect the likelihood of

Khan, Beethika S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

An extreme-distance approach to multiple criteria ranking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A distance approach based on extreme points, or predefined ideal and anti-ideal points, is proposed to improve on the TOPSIS (Technique for Order Performance [or Ordered Preference] by Similarity to Ideal Solution) method of multiple criteria ranking. ... Keywords: Comparative study, Distance-based ranking, Multiple criteria decision analysis, Multiple criteria ranking, TOPSIS

Ye Chen; D. Marc Kilgour; Keith W. Hipel

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Computing the FrÚchet distance between piecewise smooth curves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the Frechet distance between two curves which are given as a sequence of m+n curved pieces. If these pieces are sufficiently well-behaved, we can compute the Frechet distance in O(mnlog(mn)) time. The decision version of the problem can be ... Keywords: Shape matching

GŘnter Rote

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Novel Distributed Simulation Approach in Adaptive Distance Relaying  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an adaptive distance relaying strategy based on the global network simulation (GNS) concept is presented. The GNS concept is actually a distributed simulation approach (DSA) for piecewise analysis of large-scale power grids using diakoptics ... Keywords: adaptive distance relaying, coordination rules, diakoptics, distributed simulation approach (DSA), global network simulation (GNS), large change sensitivity (LCS), mutually coupled lines

V. Gohari Sadr; S.M. Kouhsari

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Optimal selection of robots by using distance based approach method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A deterministic quantitative model based on Distance Based Approach (DBA) method has been developed for evaluation, selection and ranking of robots, which is a concept hitherto not employed in selection problem of this kind. As a significant development ... Keywords: Distance based approach, Optimized selection, Ranking, Robots

Rishi Kumar; R. K. Garg

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Collaborative Case Study System for Distance Learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distance Learning from Case Studies involves enabling collaboration between two or more learners at a distance on a case study activity. In this paper we present an empirical qualitative study that simulates a learning scenario in which a pair of subjects ...

Marta C. Rosatelli; John A. Self

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Measuring Dialect Distance Phonetically John Nerbonne and Wilbert Heeringa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- tance, both simple (based on atomic char- acters) and complex (based on feature vec- tors). The measurements using feature vec- tors varied according to whether city-block distance, Euclidean distance or (a sensitive, that city-block dis- tance is a good measure of phonetic over- lap of feature vectors

140

Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Going the Distance Going the Distance Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance September 17, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Toggle Routes on/off Return to map Ôćĺ Solar Decathlon Journeys Visualizing the distances that each Solar Decathlon house travelled Click competitors to toggle their journeys on and off. All routes and distances are approximate. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Solar Decathlon 2013: In our new blog series, we're going behind the scenes to show you what it takes to compete in the Solar Decathlon. First up: Meet the teams competing this year and learn how they were selected. Part two looks at how the teams must master the art of fundraising. What does it take to design an energy-efficient, solar-powered house? Part three looks at creating a winning design.

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141

1993 International conference on nuclear waste management and environmental remediation, Prague, Czech Republic, September 5--11, 1993. Combined foreign trip report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the trip was to attend the 1993 International Conference on Nuclear Waste Management and Environmental Remediation. The principal objective of this conference was to facilitate a truly international exchange of information on the management of nuclear wastes as well as contaminated facilities and sites emanating from nuclear operations. The conference was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Czech and Slovak Mechanical Engineering Societies, and the Czech and Slovak Nuclear Societies in cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the OECD Nuclear Agency. The conference was cosponsored by the American Nuclear Society, the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, the Canadian Nuclear Society, the (former USSR) Nuclear Society, and the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. This was the fourth in a series of biennial conferences, which started in Hong Kong, in 1987. This report summarizes shared aspects of the trip; however, each traveler`s observations and recommendations are reported separately.

Slate, S.C. [comp.; Allen, R.E. [ed.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Generic Requirements Specification for Upgrading the Safety-Related Reactor Trip and Engineered Safety Features Actuation Systems in Westinghouse PWR Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To address obsolescence concerns, a generic requirements specification for digital upgrades to existing reactor trip systems and engineered safety features actuation systems in a Westinghouse pressurized water reactor (PWR) was developed. System requirements are based on a 4-loop PWR with a solid-state protection system since this typifies the most advanced capability level. However, the specification is applicable to relay-based 2- and 3-loop plants where some or all of the advances in the newest solid-...

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

Distance visualization of ultrascale data with explorable images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk presents a new approach to distance visualization of very large data sets output from scientific supercomputing. The processing power of massively parallel supercomputers increases at a rather fast rate, about an order of magnitude faster every ...

Kwan-Liu Ma; Anna Tikhonova; Carlos D. Correa

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Redshift-Independent Distances to Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a procedure for accurately determining luminosity distances to Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) without knowledge of redshift. This procedure, which may be used as an extension of any of the various distance determination methods currently in use, is based on marginalizing over redshift, removing the requirement of knowing $z$ a priori. We demonstrate that the Hubble diagram scatter of distances measured with this technique is approximately equal to that of distances derived from conventional redshift-specific methods for a set of 60 nearby SNe Ia. This indicates that accurate distances for cosmological SNe Ia may be determined without the requirement of spectroscopic redshifts, which are typically the limiting factor for the number of SNe that modern surveys can collect. Removing this limitation would greatly increase the number of SNe for which current and future SN surveys will be able to accurately measure distance. The method may also be able to be used for high-$z$ SNe Ia to determine cosmological density parameters without redshift information.

Brian J. Barris; John L. Tonry

2004-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

145

SBF Distances to Leo and Virgo using the HST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have used archive HST WFPC2 data for three elliptical galaxies (NGC 3379 in the Leo I group, and NGC 4472 and NGC 4406 in the Virgo cluster) to determine their distances using the Surface Brightness Fluctuation (SBF) method as described by Tonry and Schneider (1988). A comparison of the HST results with the SBF distance moduli of Ciardullo et al (1993) shows significant disagreement and suggests that the r.m.s. error on these ground-based distance moduli is actually as large as +-0.25 mag. The agreement is only slightly improved when we compare our results with the HST and ground-based SBF distances from Ajhar et al (1997) and Tonry et al (1997); the comparison suggests that a lower limit on the error of the HST SBF distance moduli is +-0.17 mag. Overall, these results suggest that previously quoted measurement errors may underestimate the true error in SBF distance moduli by at least a factor of 2-3.

P. W. Morris; T. Shanks

1998-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 18% 42% 58% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 50 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

147

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 20% 47% 53% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 49 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

148

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 12% 52% 48% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 47 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

149

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 16% 46% 54% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 52 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

150

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 15% 49% 51% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 49 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

151

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 20% 48% 52% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 48 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

152

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 15% 47% 53% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 50 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

153

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 14% 51% 49% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 50 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

154

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 13% 51% 49% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

155

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 13% 50% 50% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 46 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

156

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 19% 46% 54% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 49 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

157

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 16% 46% 55% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 50 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

158

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 19% 49% 51% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 52 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

159

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 18% 53% 47% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 51 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

160

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 15% 48% 52% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 49 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 17% 50% 50% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 50 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

162

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 17% 47% 53% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 46 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

163

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 17% 50% 50% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 48 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

164

MonthlyReportAll  

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of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 17% 52% 48% DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 49 6 Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Distance traveled...

165

Combination of evidence in recommendation systems characterized by distance functions  

SciTech Connect

Recommendation systems for different Document Networks (DN) such as the World Wide Web (WWW), Digitnl Libarries, or Scientific Databases, often make use of distance functions extracted from relationships among documents and between documents and semantic tags. For instance, documents In the WWW are related via a hyperlink network, while documents in bibliographic databases are related by citation and collaboration networks.Furthermore, documents can be related to semantic tags such as keywords used to describe their content, The distance functions computed from these relations establish associative networks among items of the DN, and allow recommendation systems to identify relevant associations for iudividoal users. The process of recommendation can be improved by integrating associative data from different sources. Thus we are presented with a problem of combining evidence (about assochaons between items) from different sonrces characterized by distance functions. In this paper we summarize our work on (1) inferring associations from semi-metric distance functions and (2) combining evidence from different (distance) associative DN.

Rocha, L. M. (Luis Mateus)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Jump to: navigation, search Logo: FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Name FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Address 2890 Cherokee Lane Place Riverwoods, Illinois Zip 60015 Sector Vehicles Product Distance Measuring Instrument Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number (888) 876-6050 Website http://www.fast-measure.com Coordinates 42.181686┬░, -87.898862┬░ Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.181686,"lon":-87.898862,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

167

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar February 2, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs CAKE. Whether it takes the form of cupcakes, birthday cake, the ever-popular cheesecake or even gluten-free - it unfailingly brightens up almost anyone's day. CAKE the band, however, has taken the sweetness to another level with their newest album Showroom of Compassion, which was produced using 100 percent solar energy. The group formed in 1991 and took the Northern California music scene by storm in the mid-nineties. Since then, they've become internationally renowned headliners. Earlier this month, CAKE released their sixth album, recorded in a studio in Sacramento powered entirely by solar power.

168

Short-distance contribution to the spectrum of Hawking radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hawking effect can be rederived in terms of two-point functions and in such a way that it makes it possible to estimate, within the conventional semiclassical theory, the contribution of ultrashort distances to the Planckian spectrum. For Schwarzschild black holes of three solar masses the analysis shows that Hawking radiation is very robust up to frequencies of 96 T_H or 270 T_H for bosons and fermions, respectively. For primordial black holes (with masses around 10^{15} g) these frequencies turn out to be of order 52T_H and 142 T_H. Only at these frequencies and above do we find that the contribution of Planck distances is of order of the total spectrum itself. Below this scale, the contribution of ultrashort distances to the spectrum is negligible. This suggests that only above these frequencies could an underlying quantum theory of gravity potentially predict significant deviations from Hawking's semiclassical result.

I. Agullo; J. Navarro-Salas; Gonzalo J. Olmo; Leonard Parker

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

Transportation / Field Trips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In the event that a child misses the transportation, parents may choose the ... their child's class on an outing and possibly transport themselves or their ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

170

Trip to China  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to China By row boat or by plane... 16 hours later Linda Field Patent Counsel Department of Energy Destination: Wuhan, China Purpose: Innovation Promotion in CERC - IP Clarity &...

171

Slips, Trips and Falls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climb down a ladder one rung at a time Do not climb with tools in hand - use a tool belt Keep your body between the ladder side rails when climbing Do not lean...

172

Winter Field Trips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

terrarium is merely to put a quart of rich damp soil in a clean wide-mouthed gallon jar, screw the lid on tight and set it near a window. That's all. Soon, dormant seeds...

173

Creating a Virtual HVAC Laboratory for Continuing/Distance Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facilities engineering is one technical field where lab-based continuing education programs can be delivered in a distance learning format. The widespread use of computer controls for optimizing the efficiency of a building's mechanical and electrical systems has made the "distance" element possible. Rather than traveling to individual buildings to make pressure, temperature, and flow measurements in person, facility engineers routinely access performance data over the Internet. This networking capability has been used in an educational setting to deliver interactive technical training to large numbers of undergraduate students and professional facilities engineers. Many students can access real time data from a single piece of HVAC equipment over the Internet.

William J. Hutzel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Levenshtein Distance Technique in Dictionary Lookup Methods: An Improved Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dictionary lookup methods are popular in dealing with ambiguous letters which were not recognized by Optical Character Readers. However, a robust dictionary lookup method can be complex as apriori probability calculation or a large dictionary size increases the overhead and the cost of searching. In this context, Levenshtein distance is a simple metric which can be an effective string approximation tool. After observing the effectiveness of this method, an improvement has been made to this method by grouping some similar looking alphabets and reducing the weighted difference among members of the same group. The results showed marked improvement over the traditional Levenshtein distance technique.

Haldar, Rishin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Evidence against correlations between nuclear decay rates and Earth-Sun distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distance of the source to the Sun. This work was supportedNuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance Eric B. Normanand 241 Am and the Earth-Sun distance. We find no evidence

Norman, Eric B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Distance between quantum states in the presence of initial qubit-environment correlations: A comparative study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time evolution of the trace distance between two states of an open quantum system may increase due to initial system-environment correlations, thus exhibiting a breakdown of distance contractivity of the reduced dynamics. We analyze how the time evolution of the distance depends on the chosen distance measure. Here we elucidate the behavior of the trace distance, the Hilbert-Schmidt distance, the Bures distance, the Hellinger distance, and the quantum Jensen-Shannon divergence for two system-environment setups, namely a qubit bilinearly coupled to an infinite and a finite-size environment with the latter composed of harmonic oscillators.

Dajka, Jerzy; Luczka, Jerzy; Haenggi, Peter [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Institute of Physics, University of Augsburg, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Auctions by price and distance via cellular phones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider e-commerce auctions via cellular phones in which the winner is selected based on two factors: the requested price and the promise to provide a service on time. The auctioneer can verify that the bidder intends to provide the service by tracking ... Keywords: Auctions, Cellular, Distance, Electronic commerce, Multi-attribute, Simulation, Strategies

Yosi Ben Asher; Mohsen Abu Saleh

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A proposal for detecting hidden explosives to high distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper author describes a proposal for an apparatus utilising o nuclear physics techniques to identify hidden explosives to a distance of several tenth of meters. The apparatus uses a modified PFNA (Pulsed Fast neutron Analysis) with the gamma ... Keywords: application of nuclear physics, electronic instrumentation, explosives detection, security apparatus

Carlo Artemi

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Computing the Edit-Distance between Unrooted Ordered Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ordered tree is a tree in which each node's incident edges are cyclically ordered; think of the tree as being embedded in the plane. Let A and B be two ordered trees. The edit distance between A and B is the minimum cost ...

Philip N. Klein

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Move-to-Front, Distance Coding, and Inversion Frequencies revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Move-to-Front, Distance Coding and Inversion Frequencies are three simple and effective techniques used to process the output of the Burrows-Wheeler Transform. In this paper we provide the first complete comparative analyses of these techniques, establishing ... Keywords: Burrows-Wheeler Transform, Data Compression, Empirical entropy

Travis Gagie; Giovanni Manzini

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Free Energy Surfaces from Single-Distance Information Philipp Schuetz,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Surfaces from Single-Distance Information Philipp Schuetz, Rene┬┤ Wuttke, Benjamin We propose a network-based method for determining basins and barriers of complex free energy surfaces for the iterative determination of individual basins by the minimum-cut-based free energy profile, a barrier

Caflisch, Amedeo

182

Weighted Distance Transforms for Images Using Elongated Voxel Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate weighted distance transforms in 3D images using elongated voxel grids. We use a local neighbourhood of size 3 Î 3 Î 3 and assume a voxel grid with equal resolution along two axes and lower along the third. The weights (local ...

Ida-Maria Sintorn; Gunilla Borgefors

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

UHF measurement of breathing and heartbeat at a distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detection of breathing and heartbeat from a distance is important for medical triage and mass casualty events as well as routine monitoring of higher-risk patients. Typical approaches include wiring up patients to devices and wearable devices, but ... Keywords: UHF, breathing, heartbeat, radar

Jerry Silvious; David Tahmoush

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

MonthlyReportAll  

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Total number of trips 46 17088 152906 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 61 9239 47037 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance...

185

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Total number of trips 50 8833 73569 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 70 4028 16574 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance...

186

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Total number of trips 52 6728 59423 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 67 3472 16226 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance...

187

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Total number of trips 47 5791 60007 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 55 2858 14977 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance...

188

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Total number of trips 51 15726 143695 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 66 8674 38188 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance...

189

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Total number of trips 52 6894 62248 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 68 3685 15315 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance...

190

Weighted distance transforms generalized to modules and their computation on point lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the generalization of weighted distances to modules and their computation through the chamfer algorithm on general point lattices. The first part is dedicated to formalization of definitions and properties (distance, metric, norm) ... Keywords: Chamfer algorithm, Distance transform, Non-standard grids, Weighted distance

CÚline Fouard; Robin Strand; Gunilla Borgefors

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Luminosity distance and redshift in the Szekeres inhomogeneous cosmological models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Szekeres inhomogeneous models can be used to model the true lumpy universe that we observe. This family of exact solutions to Einstein's equations was originally derived with a general metric that has no symmetries. In this work, we develop and use a framework to integrate the angular diameter and luminosity distances in the general Szekeres models. We use the affine null geodesic equations in order to derive a set of first-order ordinary differential equations that can be integrated numerically to calculate the partial derivatives of the null vector components. These equations allow the integration in all generality of the distances in the Szekeres models and some examples are given. The redshift is determined from simultaneous integration of the null geodesic equations. This work does not assume spherical or axial symmetry, and the results will be useful for comparisons of the general Szekeres inhomogeneous models to current and future cosmological data.

Anthony Nwankwo; Mustapha Ishak; John Thompson

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

192

Shortcut estimation of safety distances of pipelines from explosives  

SciTech Connect

Purposely or accidentally detonating explosives near pressurized gas pipelines may have severe consequences on them, ranging from permanent deformation to gas loss or even violent rupture. Owing to lack of analytical prediction models, a shortcut is proposed in this article by which conservative estimations can be obtained of the safety distance of a pipeline from an explosion source, when explosive quantity is known. Alternatively, the maximum allowable explosive quantity can be calculated, provided distance is given. If both explosive quantity and distance are given, stresses on the pipeline may be estimated. Experimentally determined ratios of circumferential to longitudinal strains found in the literature are used. This ratio depends on soil peak particle velocity in contact with the pipeline. For total stress estimations on the pipeline, either biaxial or Huber-Hencky-Mises stresses are used, the latter being more conservative. Validation of proposed method is obtained against experimental observations and results. In this prediction model the characteristics of the explosion source, of the soil, and of the pipeline are taken into account.

Rigas, F.; Sebos, I. [National Technical Univ. of Athens (Greece)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

High speed, long distance, data transmission multiplexing circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed serial data transmission multiplexing circuit, which is operable to accurately transmit data over long distances (up to 3 Km), and to multiplex, select and continuously display real time analog signals in a bandwidth from DC to 100 Khz. The circuit is made fault tolerant by use of a programmable flywheel algorithm, which enables the circuit to tolerate one transmission error before losing synchronization of the transmitted frames of data. A method of encoding and framing captured and transmitted data is used which has a low overhead and prevents some particular transmitted data patterns from locking an included detector/decoder circuit.

Mariotti, Razvan (Boulder, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A high speed, long distance, data transmission multiplexing circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed serial data transmission multiplexing circuit, which is operable to accurately transmit data over long distances (up to 3 Km), and to multiplex, select and continuously display real time analog signals in a bandwidth from DC to 100Khz. The circuit is made fault tolerant by use of a programmable flywheel algorithm, which enables the circuit to tolerate one transmission error before losing synchronization of the transmitted frames of data. A method of encoding and framing captured and transmitted data is used which has a low overhead and prevents some particular transmitted data patterns from locking an included detector/decoder circuit. 9 figs.

Mariotti, R.

1990-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

Gamma ray burst distances and the timescape cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma ray bursts can potentially be used as distance indicators, providing the possibility of extending the Hubble diagram to redshifts ~7. Here we follow the analysis of Schaefer (2007), with the aim of distinguishing the timescape cosmological model from the \\LambdaCDM model by means of the additional leverage provided by GRBs in the range 2 < z < 7. We find that the timescape model fits the GRB sample slightly better than the \\LambdaCDM model, but that the systematic uncertainties are still too little understood to distinguish the models.

Peter R. Smale

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

196

A comparison of standard evasion scenarios at near regional distances  

SciTech Connect

We performed numerical simulations of three nuclear testing evasion scenarios. These calculations were done in two parts. The first part was done near source (within 10 km) with a non-linear weapons effects code. Particle velocity histories from the non-linear code were linked to an elastic linear finite-difference code for the second part. Seismic waveforms from the evasion scenario calculations were compared with the waveforms for a non-evasive explosion calculation at near regional distances. The results of this comparison suggest that it may be important to include realistic stratigraphy in such simulations: the overall wave amplitude in the present simulations is reduced by only a factor of 3-5 in contradiction to factors of 20-100 in {open_quotes}classical{close_quotes} decoupling analyses for ideal (i.e., unlayered) media. Two of the evasion scenarios simulated retain explosive waveform characteristics at near regional distances, while the third scenario indicates that certain source geometries might lead to more non-explosive (i.e., earthquake-like) seismic signals.

Bos, R.; App, F.; Jones, E.; Dey, T.; Kamm, J.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Obtaining oblique technique source-to-skin distances for irregular field (Clarkson) calculations: The Mayo Off-axis Distance Indicator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant dose inhomogeneities may exist between the supraclavicular fossa (SCF) and the internal mammary chain (IMC) regions in the irregular L-shaped (hockey stick) field associated with breast cancer treatments. This dose inhomogeneity exists, in part, because of a positive air gap in the SCF and a negative air gap in the IMC locations. Independent of treatment technique, (i.e., whether anterior-posterior (AP) or oblique fields are used), accurate source-to-skin distance (SSD) values for the SCF, IMC, and axilla are necessary when doing an irregular field (Clarkson) dose calculation. However, when an oblique technique is used to treat the hockey stick field, obtaining non-central-axis SSDs is not as straightforward as when an AP technique is employed. The Mayo Off-axis Distance Indicator was constructed to slide into the blocking tray slot of the simulator or treatment machine. This mechanical measuring device provides quick and accurate SSD measurements for non-central-axis points under either AP or, more importantly, oblique treatment conditions.

Lajoie, W.N. (Mayo Medical Center, Rochester, MN (USA))

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Imaging the Solar Tachocline by Time-Distance Helioseismology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar tachocline at the bottom of the convection zone is an important region for the dynamics of the Sun and the solar dynamo. In this region, the sound speed inferred by global helioseismology exhibits a bump of approximately 0.4% relative to the standard solar model. Global helioseismology does not provide any information on possible latitudinal variations or asymmetries between the Northern and Southern hemisphere. Here, we develop a time-distance helioseismology technique, including surface- and deep-focusing measurement schemes and a combination of both, for two-dimensional tomographic imaging of the solar tachocline that infers radial and latitudinal variations in the sound speed. We test the technique using artificial solar oscillation data obtained from numerical simulations. The technique successfully recovers major features of the simplified tachocline models. The technique is then applied to SOHO/MDI medium-l data and provides for the first time a full two-dimensional sound-speed perturbation i...

Zhao, Junwei; Kosovichev, A G; Mansour, N N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Answer extraction as sequence tagging with tree edit distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our goal is to extract answers from preretrieved sentences for Question Answering (QA). We construct a linear-chain Conditional Random Field based on pairs of questions and their possible answer sentences, learning the association between questions and answer types. This casts answer extraction as an answer sequence tagging problem for the first time, where knowledge of shared structure between question and source sentence is incorporated through features based on Tree Edit Distance (TED). Our model is free of manually created question and answer templates, fast to run (processing 200 QA pairs per second excluding parsing time), and yields an F1 of 63.3 % on a new public dataset based on prior TREC QA evaluations. The developed system is open-source, and includes an implementation of the TED model that is state of the art in the task of ranking QA pairs. 1

Xuchen Yao; Benjamin Van Durme; Chris Callison-burch; Peter Clark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Drones, information technology, and distance: mapping the moral epistemology of remote fighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ethical reflection on drone fighting suggests that this practice does not only create physical distance, but also moral distance: far removed from one's opponent, it becomes easier to kill. This paper discusses this thesis, frames it as a moral-epistemological ... Keywords: Distance, Drones, Ethics, Information technology, Military robotics, Phenomenology

Mark Coeckelbergh

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Improvement of the disc harmonic moments descriptor by an exponentially decaying distance transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors propose an improvement of a recent region-based shape descriptor inspired by the 3D spherical harmonics: the Disk Harmonic Moments Descriptor (DHMD). The binary image is weighted by an exponentially decaying distance transform (EDDT) before ... Keywords: content-based image, distance transform, legendre polynomials, region-based shape descriptor, retrieval, salience distance transform, spherical harmonics

Noureddine Ennahnahi; Mohammed Oumsis; Mohammed Meknassi

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Adaptive feedback generation to support teachers in web-based distance education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work examines the application of user-adapted technologies to address problems experienced in web-based distance education. We have proposed an approach to support distance learning instructors by offering advice that points at problems faced by ... Keywords: (Semi-)automatic advice generation, Distance learning, Empirical evaluation, Intelligent course management systems, Personalised feedback, Teacher support/help

Essam Kosba; Vania Dimitrova; Roger Boyle

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Stochastic/Perturbation Global Optimization Algorithm for Distance Geometry Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new global optimization approach for solving exactly or inexactly constrained distance geometry problems. Distance geometry problems are concerned with determining spatial structures from measurements of internal distances. They arise ... Keywords: Lennard-Jones cluster, Molecular conformation, global optimization

Zhihong Zou; Richard H. Bird; Robert B. Schnabel

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A wavelet-tree-based watermarking method using distance vector of binary cluster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a wavelet-tree-based watermarking method using distance vector of binary cluster for copyright protection. In the proposed method, wavelet trees are classified into two clusters using the distance vector to denote binary watermark ... Keywords: Blind watermarking method, Copyright protection, Distance vector, Significant coefficient, Watermark, Wavelet tree

Wei-Hung Lin; Yuh-Rau Wang; Shi-Jinn Horng

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The influence of animal mobility on the assumption of uniform distances in aerial line transect surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for estimating animal density from aerial surveys. Analysis of line transect distance data usually relies test evidence for non- uniformity using double-observer distance data from two aerial surveys of five in Queensland. Key words: aerial surveys, double platform distance sampling, independent observers, responsive

Buckland, Steve

206

Analysis of the Argonne distance tabletop exercise method.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to summarize and evaluate the Argonne Distance Tabletop Exercise (DISTEX) method. DISTEX is intended to facilitate multi-organization, multi-objective tabletop emergency response exercises that permit players to participate from their own facility's incident command center. This report is based on experience during its first use during the FluNami 2007 exercise, which took place from September 19-October 17, 2007. FluNami 2007 exercised the response of local public health officials and hospitals to a hypothetical pandemic flu outbreak. The underlying purpose of the DISTEX method is to make tabletop exercising more effective and more convenient for playing organizations. It combines elements of traditional tabletop exercising, such as scenario discussions and scenario injects, with distance learning technologies. This distance-learning approach also allows playing organizations to include a broader range of staff in the exercise. An average of 81.25 persons participated in each weekly webcast session from all playing organizations combined. The DISTEX method required development of several components. The exercise objectives were based on the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Target Capabilities List. The ten playing organizations included four public health departments and six hospitals in the Chicago area. An extent-of-play agreement identified the objectives applicable to each organization. A scenario was developed to drive the exercise over its five-week life. Weekly problem-solving task sets were designed to address objectives that could not be addressed fully during webcast sessions, as well as to involve additional playing organization staff. Injects were developed to drive play between webcast sessions, and, in some cases, featured mock media stories based in part on player actions as identified from the problem-solving tasks. The weekly 90-minute webcast sessions were discussions among the playing organizations that were moderated by a highly-qualified public health physician, who reviewed key scenario developments and player actions, as well as solicited input from each playing organization. The exercise control structure included trusted agents who oversaw exercise planning, playing organization points of contact to ensure exercise coordination, and exercise controller/evaluators to initiate and oversee exercise play. A password-protected exercise website was designed for FluNami 2007 to serve as a compartmentalized central information source, and for transmitting exercise documents. During the course of FluNami 2007, feedback on its quality was collected from players and controller/evaluators. Player feedback was requested at the conclusion of each webcast, upon completion of each problem-solving task, and on October 17, 2007, after the final webcast session had ended. The overall average score given to FluNami 2008 by the responding players was 3.9 on a five-point scale. In addition, suggestions for improving the process were provided by Argonne controller/evaluators after the exercise concluded. A series of recommendations was developed based on feedback from the players and controller/evaluators. These included improvements to the exercise scope and objectives, the problem-solving tasks, the scenarios, exercise control, the webcast sessions, the exercise website, and the player feedback process.

Tanzman, E. A.; Nieves, L. A.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

207

Recent progress on system studies for long distance power transmission  

SciTech Connect

Two possible applications of helium-cooled underground cables for power transmission were studied to determine network characteristics and estimated costs. The first involved power transmission at 345 kV from a Long Island nuclear power plant to a substation 43 miles away. The second appication examined the feasibility of a 350 mi-long 550 kV transmission line from Western Pennsylvania to Allentown and Philadelphia. For both systems computer simulations were used to study operating characteristics. A detailed cost analysis was made. The Long Island study concluded that helium-cooled cables were well suited for high-power transmission in a suburban area, that such a system using two trenches and separate refrigerator stations would be more reliable than a single trench system, and that cost could be optimized by using a less expensive cryogenic envelope. The Pennsylvania study showed that the helium-cooled cable was technically capable of performing as well as overhead power lines, but the cost of the underground cryogenic system is so much greater that such a system could not be economically justified for long distance transmission across open country-side. (LCL)

Forsyth, E B

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Theoretical Antineutrino Detection, Direction and Ranging at Long Distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce the concept of what we call "NUDAR" (NeUtrino Direction and Ranging), making the point that measurements of the observed energy and direction vectors can be employed to passively deduce the exact three-dimensional location and thermal power of geophysical and anthropogenic neutrino sources from even a single detector. We present the most precise background estimates to date, all handled in full three dimensions, as functions of depth and geographical location. For the present calculations, we consider a hypothetical 138 kiloton detector which can be transported to an ocean site and deployed to an operational depth. We present a Bayesian estimation framework to incorporate any a priori knowledge of the reactor that we are trying to detect, as well as the estimated uncertainty in the background and the oscillation parameters. Most importantly, we fully employ the knowledge of the reactor spectrum and the distance-dependent effects of neutrino oscillations on such spectra. The latter, in particular, makes possible determination of range from one location, given adequate signal statistics. Further, we explore the rich potential of improving detection with even modest improvements in individual neutrino direction determination. We conclude that a 300 MWth reactor can indeed be geolocated, and its operating power estimated with one or two detectors in the hundred kiloton class at ranges out to a few hundred kilometers. We note that such detectors would have natural and non-interfering utility for scientific studies of geo-neutrinos, neutrino oscillations, and astrophysical neutrinos. This motivates the development of cost effective methods of constructing and deploying such next generation detectors.

Glenn R. Jocher; Daniel A. Bondy; Brian M. Dobbs; Stephen T. Dye; James A. Georges III; John G. Learned; Christopher L. Mulliss; Shawn Usman

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

209

Iterative method to compute the Fermat points and Fermat distances of multiquarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiquark confining potential is proportional to the total distance of the fundamental strings linking the quarks and antiquarks. We address the computation of the total string distance an of the Fermat points where the different strings meet. For a meson (quark-antiquark system) the distance is trivially the quark-antiquark distance. For a baryon (three quark system) the problem was solved geometrically from the onset, by Fermat and by Torricelli. The geometrical solution can be determined just with a rule and a compass, but translation of the geometrical solution to an analytical expression is not as trivial. For tetraquarks, pentaquarks, hexaquarks, etc, the geometrical solution is much more complicated. Here we provide an iterative method, converging fast to the correct Fermat points and the total distances, relevant for the multiquark potentials. We also review briefly the geometrical methods leading to the Fermat points and to the total distances.

P. Bicudo; M. Cardoso

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

210

Bounded-distance multi-clusterhead formation in wireless ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a clustering technique addressing redundancy for bounded-distance clusters, which means being able to determine the minimum number of cluster-heads per node, and the maximum distance from nodes to their cluster-heads. This problem is similar ... Keywords: (k,r)-dominating sets, Ad hoc networks, Clustering, Distance domination, Domination in graphs, Multi-core multicast protocols, Multicast protocols, Multiple domination

Marco AurÚlio Spohn; J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A NOTE ON THE DISTANCE SET PROBLEM IN THE PLANE THEMIS MITSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We use a simple geometric-combinatorial argument to establish a quantitative relation between the generalized Hausdorff measure of a set and its distance set, extending a result originally due to Falconer. Let A be a subset of the plane. The distance set D(A) is defined as the set of all distances between points of A. Namely D(A) ={|x ? y | : x, y ? A}. It follows from the work of Falconer [2] (see also Mattila [3]) that 1

Communicated David Preiss

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Original Pack) 7 Total number of trips 38 2737 20475 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 40 2104 12131 Percent of trips city highway Percent of...

213

Calibration of the distance scale from galactic Cepheids: I Calibration based on the GFG sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New estimates of the distances of 36 nearby galaxies are presented based on accurate distances of galactic Cepheids obtained by Gieren, Fouque and Gomez (1998) from the geometrical Barnes-Evans method. The concept of 'sosie' is applied to extend the distance determination to extragalactic Cepheids without assuming the linearity of the PL relation. Doing so, the distance moduli are obtained in a straightforward way. The correction for extinction is made using two photometric bands (V and I) according to the principles introduced by Freedman and Madore (1990). Finally, the statistical bias due to the incompleteness of the sample is corrected according to the precepts introduced by Teerikorpi (1987) without introducing any free parameters (except the distance modulus itself in an iterative scheme). The final distance moduli depend on the adopted extinction ratio {R_V}/{R_I} and on the limiting apparent magnitude of the sample. A comparison with the distance moduli recently published by the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project (HSTKP) team reveals a fair agreement when the same ratio {R_V}/{R_I} is used but shows a small discrepancy at large distance. In order to bypass the uncertainty due to the metallicity effect it is suggested to consider only galaxies having nearly the same metallicity as the calibrating Cepheids (i.e. Solar metallicity). The internal uncertainty of the distances is about 0.1 magnitude but the total uncertainty may reach 0.3 magnitude.

G. Paturel; G. Theureau; P. Fouque; J. N. Terry; I. Musella; T. Ekholm

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

214

Semi-supervised Learning with Density Based Distances Avleen S. Bijral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semi-supervised Learning with Density Based Distances Avleen S. Bijral Toyota Technological Institute Chicago, IL 60637 Nathan Ratliff Google Inc. Pittsburg, PA 15206 Nati Srebro Toyota Technological

Srebro, Nathan

215

Single-photon frequency upconversion for long-distance quantum teleportation and communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Entanglement generation, single-photon detection, and frequency translation that preserves the polarization quantum state of the photons are essential technologies for long distance quantum communication protocols. This ...

Albot?, Marius A., 1974-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Long distance symmetries for nuclear forces and the similarity renormalization group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we study the emergence of long distance symmetries for nuclear forces within the framework of the similarity renormalization group approach.

Szpigel, S. [Faculdade de Computacao e Informatica, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, 01302-907, Sao Paulo - SP (Brazil); Timoteo, V. S. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13484-332, Limeira - SP (Brazil); Arriola, E. R. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear and Instituto Carlos I de Fisica Teorica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, E-18071, Granada (Spain)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

217

The iBP algorithm for the discretizable molecular distance geometry ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 6, 2011 ... wireless sensors given some of the distances (estimated by monitoring the ..... this operation for all the amino acids forming a protein, then theá...

218

A conceptual model of the cognitive processing of environmental distance information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I review theories and research on the cognitive processing of environmental distance information by humans, particularly that acquired via direct experience in the environment. The cognitive processes I consider for acquiring and thinking about environmental ... Keywords: cognitive processing, distance information, spatial cognition

Daniel R. Montello

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

On accurate orientation extraction and appropriate distance measure for low-resolution palmprint recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Orientation feature has been demonstrated to be one of the most effective features for low resolution palmprint recognition. In this paper, using steerable filter, we investigate the accurate orientation extraction and appropriate distance measure problems ... Keywords: Distance measure, Feature extraction, Palmprint verification, Steerable filter

Wangmeng Zuo; Feng Yue; David Zhang

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Tactile distance feedback for firefighters: design and preliminary evaluation of a sensory augmentation glove  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the design and preliminary evaluation of a vibrotactile glove for distance display in low vision search contexts. Specifically, this glove was developed for firefighting applications in which users experience compromised vision ... Keywords: distance sensing, glove, sensory augmentation, smart clothing, vibrotactile display, wearable technology

Anthony Carton; Lucy E. Dunne

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Visualising student tracking data to support instructors in web-based distance education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach of using web log data generated by course management systems (CMS) to help instructors become aware of what is happening in distance learning classes. Specifically, techniques from Information Visualization are used ... Keywords: Web-based distance education, information visualization, student tracking

Riccardo Mazza; Vania Dimitrova

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Impacts of deregulation and competitive entry on telecommunication networks: long distance telephone service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past thirty years, the long distance telephone sector has been revolutionised by a series of technical and regulatory developments. In 1996, Congress passed the Telecommunications Act 1996, which substantially deregulated the telecommunications ... Keywords: economic regulation, long distance service, regression models, telecommunications

K. H. Tiedemann

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Community detection algorithm based on centrality and node distance in scale-free networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a method for detecting community structures based on centrality value and node distance. Many real world networks possess a scale-free property and this property makes community detection difficult especially on algorithms that ... Keywords: centrality value, community detection, node distance, scale-free network

Sorn Jarukasemratana; Tsuyoshi Murata; Xin Liu

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Including cognitive biases and distance-based rewards in a connectionist model of complex problem solving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a cognitive, connectionist-based model of complex problem solving that integrates cognitive biases and distance-based and environmental rewards under a temporal-difference learning mechanism. The model is tested against experimental data obtained ... Keywords: Cognitive biases, Computational modeling, Distance-reduction heuristic, Problem solving, Reinforcement learning, Temporal-difference learning

FrÚdÚric Dandurand; Thomas R. Shultz; Arnaud Rey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

EIMD: a new congestion control for fast long-distance networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In fast long-distance networks, TCP fails to fully utilize the bandwidth due to its congestion control mechanism A plethora of congestion control schemes that may enhance the performance of the transport protocol in fast long-distance networks have been ...

Eunho Yang; Seong-il Ham; Seongho Cho; Chong-kwon Kim; Pillwoo Lee

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Estimating Thematic Similarity of Scholarly Papers with Their Resistance Distance in an Electric Network Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate resistance distances between papers in a nearly bipartite citation network of 492 papers and the sources cited by them. We validate that this is a realistic measure of thematic distance if each citation link has an electric resistance equal to the geometric mean of the number of the paper's references and the citation number of the cited source.

Havemann, Frank; Glńser, Jochen; Struck, Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A Power Transmission Line Fault Distance Estimation VLSI Chip: Design and Defect Tolerance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a system-on-a-chip for fault detection and fault-distance-estimation for power transmission lines in the smart grid. Toward this goal we have designed and fabricated three chips: PGS4, PGS5 and PGS6, each successively more advanced ... Keywords: Smart grid, fault distance, arcing fault, system on a chip, defect tolerance, Radojevic algorithm.

E. MacLean; V. K. Jain

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19-24 19:44 M 71 10 Hitson, Will 18-U 19:58 M 59 11 Sableman, Brian 19-24 20:02 M 74 12 Raines, Adam Gender Race # 1 Rose, Brian 25-34 17:22 M 72 2 Capehart, Dustin 19-24 17:45 M 8 3 Sinclair, Taylor 19

Wilson, W. Stephen

229

Formation of metal nanoparticles by short-distance sputter deposition in a reactive ion etching chamber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is reported to form metal nanoparticles by sputter deposition inside a reactive ion etching chamber with a very short target-substrate distance. The distribution and morphology of nanoparticles are found to be affected by the distance, the ion concentration, and the sputtering time. Densely distributed nanoparticles of various compositions were fabricated on the substrates that were kept at a distance of 130 mum or smaller from the target. When the distance was increased to 510 mum, island structures were formed, indicating the tendency to form continuous thin film with longer distance. The observed trend for nanoparticle formation is opposite to the previously reported mechanism for the formation of nanoparticles by sputtering. A new mechanism based on the seeding effect of the substrate is proposed to interpret the experimental results.

Nie Min; Meng, Dennis Desheng [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931 (United States); Sun Kai [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

THE GREEN BANK TELESCOPE H II REGION DISCOVERY SURVEY. III. KINEMATIC DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect

Using the H I emission/absorption method, we resolve the kinematic distance ambiguity and derive distances for 149 of 182 (82%) H II regions discovered by the Green Bank Telescope H II Region Discovery Survey (GBT HRDS). The HRDS is an X-band (9 GHz, 3 cm) GBT survey of 448 previously unknown H II regions in radio recombination line and radio continuum emission. Here, we focus on HRDS sources from 67 Degree-Sign {>=} l {>=} 18 Degree-Sign , where kinematic distances are more reliable. The 25 HRDS sources in this zone that have negative recombination line velocities are unambiguously beyond the orbit of the Sun, up to 20 kpc distant. They are the most distant H II regions yet discovered. We find that 61% of HRDS sources are located at the far distance, 31% at the tangent-point distance, and only 7% at the near distance. 'Bubble' H II regions are not preferentially located at the near distance (as was assumed previously) but average 10 kpc from the Sun. The HRDS nebulae, when combined with a large sample of H II regions with previously known distances, show evidence of spiral structure in two circular arc segments of mean Galactocentric radii of 4.25 and 6.0 kpc. We perform a thorough uncertainty analysis to analyze the effect of using different rotation curves, streaming motions, and a change to the solar circular rotation speed. The median distance uncertainty for our sample of H II regions is only 0.5 kpc, or 5%. This is significantly less than the median difference between the near and far kinematic distances, 6 kpc. The basic Galactic structure results are unchanged after considering these sources of uncertainty.

Anderson, L. D. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Bania, T. M. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Department of Astronomy, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Balser, Dana S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475 (United States); Rood, Robert T., E-mail: Loren.Anderson@mail.wvu.edu [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 3818, Charlottesville, VA 22903-0818 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

231

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

45 45 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 29 Total number of trips 1,839 Total distance traveled (mi) 21,089 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 39 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 61 Number of trips 654 Percent of trips city | highway 66% | 34% Distance traveled (mi) 5,717 Percent of total distance traveled 27% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 38 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 57 Number of trips 117 Percent of trips city | highway 39% | 62% Distance traveled (mi) 3,683 Percent of total distance traveled 17% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 33 Number of trips 1,068 Percent of trips city | highway 71% | 30% Distance traveled (mi)

232

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

36 36 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 18 Total number of trips 1,290 Total distance traveled (mi) 13,023 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 39 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 58 Number of trips 432 Percent of trips city | highway 75% | 25% Distance traveled (mi) 2,835 Percent of total distance traveled 22% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 41 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 48 Number of trips 52 Percent of trips city | highway 31% | 69% Distance traveled (mi) 1,613 Percent of total distance traveled 12% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34 Number of trips 806 Percent of trips city | highway 73% | 27% Distance traveled (mi)

233

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

49 49 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 27 Total number of trips 927 Total distance traveled (mi) 9,301 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 39 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 66 Number of trips 313 Percent of trips city | highway 68% | 32% Distance traveled (mi) 2,138 Percent of total distance traveled 23% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 41 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 63 Number of trips 46 Percent of trips city | highway 30% | 70% Distance traveled (mi) 1,462 Percent of total distance traveled 16% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34 Number of trips 568 Percent of trips city | highway 75% | 25% Distance traveled (mi)

234

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

50 50 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 22 Total number of trips 730 Total distance traveled (mi) 9,164 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 40 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 61 Number of trips 225 Percent of trips city | highway 68% | 32% Distance traveled (mi) 1,768 Percent of total distance traveled 19% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 53 Number of trips 40 Percent of trips city | highway 23% | 78% Distance traveled (mi) 1,638 Percent of total distance traveled 18% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35 Number of trips 465 Percent of trips city | highway 70% | 30% Distance traveled (mi)

235

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

53 53 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 34 Total number of trips 1,515 Total distance traveled (mi) 15,617 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 37 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 65 Number of trips 739 Percent of trips city | highway 74% | 26% Distance traveled (mi) 4,915 Percent of total distance traveled 31% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 38 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 58 Number of trips 93 Percent of trips city | highway 38% | 62% Distance traveled (mi) 2,842 Percent of total distance traveled 18% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 33 Number of trips 683 Percent of trips city | highway 72% | 28% Distance traveled (mi)

236

Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an optical link of 540 km for ultrastable frequency distribution over the Internet fiber network. The stable frequency optical signal is processed enabling uninterrupted propagation on both directions. The robustness and the performance of the link are enhanced by a cost effective fully automated optoelectronic station. This device is able to coherently regenerate the return optical signal with a heterodyne optical phase locking of a low noise laser diode. Moreover the incoming signal polarization variation are tracked and processed in order to maintain beat note amplitudes within the operation range. Stable fibered optical interferometer enables optical detection of the link round trip phase signal. The phase-noise compensated link shows a fractional frequency instability in 10 Hz bandwidth of 5\\times10-15 at one second measurement time and 2\\times10-19 at 30 000 s. This work is a significant step towards a sustainable wide area ultrastable optical frequency distribution and comparison network.

Lopez, Olivier; Chanteau, Bruno; Chardonnet, Christian; Amy-Klein, Anne; Santarelli, Georgio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Ultra-stable long distance optical frequency distribution using the Internet fiber network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an optical link of 540 km for ultrastable frequency distribution over the Internet fiber network. The stable frequency optical signal is processed enabling uninterrupted propagation on both directions. The robustness and the performance of the link are enhanced by a cost effective fully automated optoelectronic station. This device is able to coherently regenerate the return optical signal with a heterodyne optical phase locking of a low noise laser diode. Moreover the incoming signal polarization variation are tracked and processed in order to maintain beat note amplitudes within the operation range. Stable fibered optical interferometer enables optical detection of the link round trip phase signal. The phase-noise compensated link shows a fractional frequency instability in 10 Hz bandwidth of 5x10-15 at one second measurement time and 2x10-19 at 30 000 s. This work is a significant step towards a sustainable wide area ultrastable optical frequency distribution and comparison network.

Olivier Lopez; Adil Haboucha; Bruno Chanteau; Christian Chardonnet; Anne Amy-Klein; Giorgio Santarelli

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

238

EIA Energy Kids - Field Trips  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Agricultural Research Center ╗ Alcoa Aluminum ╗ Anadarko Drilling Rig ╗ Baltimore RESCO Waste-to-Energy Plant ╗ Cape Cod Wind Turbine ╗ Carson Refinery╗

239

4-Week Avg U.S. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

08/16 : 7,007 : 08/23 : 7,292 : 08/30 : 7,385 : 1991-Sep: 09/06 : 7,516 : 09/13 : 7,124 : 09/20 : 7,343 : 09/27 : 7,354 : 1991-Oct: 10/04 : 6,929 : ...

240

4-Week Avg U.S. Product Supplied of Finished Motor Gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value; 1991-Mar : 03/08 : 6,779 : 03/15 : 6,907

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

4-Week Avg U.S. Net Imports of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

9,977 : 2010-Aug: 08/06 : 10,017 : 08/13 : 9,913 : 08/20 : 9,596 : 08/27 : 9,608 : 2010-Sep: 09/03 : 9,470 : 09/10 : 9,336 : 09/17 : 9,196 : 09/24 : 9,027 : 2010-Oct:

242

4-Week Avg U.S. Imports of Total Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

413 : 1995-Jun: 06/02 : 425 : 06/09 : 399 : 06/16 : 367 : 06/23 : 409 : 06/30 : 409 : 1995-Jul: 07/07 : 408 : 07/14 : 366 : 07/21 : 343 : 07/28 : 384 : 1995-Aug: 08/04 :

243

4-Week Avg U.S. Commercial Crude Oil Imports Excluding SPR ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

4,982 : 06/24 : 4,810 : 1988-Jul: 07/01 : 4,939 : 07/08 : 4,880 : 07/15 : 4,911 : 07/22 : 5,172 : 07/29 : 5,060 : 1988-Aug: 08/05 : 5,154 : 08/12 : 5,126 : 08/19 : 4,941

244

4-Week Avg Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Commercial Crude Oil Imports ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

4,982 : 08/16 : 5,162 : 08/23 : 5,259 : 08/30 : 5,195 : 1996-Sep: 09/06 : 5,111 : 09/13 : 4,922 : 09/20 : 4,838 : 09/27 : 4,655 : 1996-Oct: 10/04 : 4,793 : 10/11 : 4,768

245

Generation of Optimal Unit Distance Codes for Rotary Encoders through Simulated Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evolutionary algorithm is used to generate unit distance codes for absolute rotary encoders. The target is to obtain a code suitable for disk size reduction, or for resolution increase, thus overcoming the limitations of conventional Gray codes. Obtained ...

Stefano Gregori; Roberto Rossi; Guido Torelli; Valentino Liberali

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Visualisation of influenza A protein segments in distance invariant self-organising map  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the lateral gene transfer, the phylogenetic tree could be inadequate for representing the evolution of virus. This paper employs the distance invariant manifold (Cheng and Liou, 2009) to display the collection of influenza A in a cubic space. ...

Wei-Chen Cheng; Cheng-Yuan Liou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Decisionmaking in hospital earthquake evacuation: Does distance from the epicenter matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

status of hospitals that does not depend on intactis one option. This study does not have the ability toUsing larger distances does not make sense, as no hospital

Schultz, Carl H. MD; Koenig, Kristi L. MD; Lewis, Roger J. MD, PhD

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A preliminary comparison of synchronous venues for distance learning: traditional videoconferencing vs. web-based conferencing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synchronous venues are often preferred in distance learning settings as they most closely approximate the face-to-face experience. This paper examines two synchronous venues: videoconferencing and web-based conferencing. Both are compared, ...

Norman A. Garrett

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Standoff Spectroscopy Using a Conditioned Target Identifies Hazardous Materials at a Distance  

A safer method for the standoff (long distance) detection and identification ofmolecules on a surface has been invented by researchers at ORNL and the Universityof Tennessee. This invention avoids the necessity of close and potentially ...

250

Web services model for mobile, distance and distributed learning using service-oriented architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes web services and service-oriented architecture and how these new technologies could be exploited to develop integrated software for mobile, distance and distributed learning. The paper also provides details of a prototype translator ... Keywords: VLE, distance learning, distributed learning, interoperability, m-learning, mobile communications, mobile learning, online education, online learning, service-oriented architecture, virtual learning environments, web services, web-based education

Sushil K. Sharma; Fred L. Kitchens; Queen Esther Booker; Huinan Xu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Photon flux and distance from the source: consequences for quantum foundations and technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper explores the fundamental physical principles of quantum mechanics (in fact, quantum field theory) which limit the bit rate for long distances. Propagation of photons in optical fibers is modeled using methods of quantum electrodynamics. We define photon "duration" as the standard deviation of the photon arrival time; we find its asymptotics for long distances and then obtain the main result of the paper: the linear dependence of photon duration on the distance. This effect puts the limit to joint increasing of the photon flux and the distance from the source and it has important consequences both for quantum information technologies and quantum foundations. Once quantum communication develops into a real technology, it would be appealing to the engineers to increase both the photon flux and the distance. And here our "photon flux/distance effect" has to be taken into account (at least if successively emitted photons are considered as independent). This effect also has to be taken into account in a loophole free test of Bell's type -- to close jointly the detection and locality loopholes.

Andrei Khrennikov; B÷rje Nilsson; Sven Nordebo; Igor Volovich

2013-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

252

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 4876 47783 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 59 2317 11750 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 24.59% 81.00%...

253

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 3902 45779 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 57 1758 8306 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 18.15% 85.00% 15.00%...

254

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

500 79963 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 70 3596 17063 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 21.3% 86.4% 13.6% ...

255

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

731 77160 Distance traveled (mi) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Number of trips 69 3809 16711 Percent of trips city highway Percent of total distance traveled 21.7% 86.8% 13.2% ...

256

Register Closing Effects on Forced Air Heating System Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Handler Power - Climate Zone 16 48 hr avg 24 hr avg FarAverage Gas Power - Climate Zone 16 48 hr avg 24 hr avg NearAverage Gas Power - Climate Zone 16 48 hr avg Near Registers

Walker, Iain S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The extragalactic distance scale Key Project. III. The discovery of Cepheids and a new distance to M101 using the {ital Hubble} {ital Space} {ital Telescope}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of 29 Cepheid variables in the galaxy M101 using the original Wide Field Camera (WFC) and the new Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) on the {ital Hubble} {ital Space} {ital Telescope}. We observed a field in M101 at 17 independent epochs in {ital V} (F555W), five epochs in {ital I} (F785LP/F814W), and one epoch in {ital B} (F439W), with a time interval baseline of 381 days. We have found Cepheids with periods ranging from 10 to 60 days. The data have been calibrated using WFPC2 observations with zero points derived from {omega} Cen, Pal 4, and NGC 2419 observations. This calibration has been verified by using the Medium Deep Survey (MDS) WFC photometric zero points, and ground-based secondary standards in {ital V} and {ital I}. The {ital V} calibrations agree to {plus_minus}0.06 mag, and the {ital I} calibrations agree to {plus_minus}0.04 mag. We have constructed {ital V} and {ital I} period-luminosity (PL) relations and have derived apparent distance moduli based on a distance modulus for the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) of 18.50 mag and a reddening of {ital E}({ital B}{minus}{ital V})=0.10 mag to the LMC Cepheids. Period-residual minimization was used to minimize the effects of Malmquist bias on the period-luminosity relation fitting process. Using a Galactic extinction law and the apparent {ital V} and {ital I} distance moduli, we have found a mean reddening for the M101 sample of {ital E}({ital B}{minus}{ital V})=0.03 mag and a true distance modulus to M101 of 29.34{plus_minus}0.17 mag, corresponding to a distance of 7.4{plus_minus}0.6 Mpc. The sources of error have been rigorously tracked through an error budget; systematic and random errors contribute roughly equally to the quoted error. The mean gas-phase metal abundances in the LMC and in the M101 outer field are similar so we expect metallicity effects to be minimal. (Abstract Truncated)

Kelson, D.D.; Illingworth, G.D. [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064 (United States); Freedman, W.F. [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, California 91101 (United States); Graham, J.A. [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, District of Columbia 20015 (United States); Hill, R. [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, California 91101 (United States); Madore, B.F. [NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database, Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Saha, A. [Space Telescope Institute, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Stetson, P.B. [Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, National Research Council, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V8X 4M6 (CANADA); Kennicutt, R.C. Jr. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Mould, J.R. [Mt. Stromlo and Siding Springs Observatories, Private Bag, Weston Creek Post Office ACT 2611 (Australia); Hughes, S.M. [Royal Greenwich Observatory, Madingley Road, Cambridge, (United Kingdom) CB3 0EZ; Ferrarese, L. [Space Telescope Institute, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)]|[Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bloomberg 501, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Phelps, R. [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, California 91101 (United States); Turner, A. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Cook, K.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Mississippi L-401, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Ford, H. [Space Telescope Institute, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Estimation and validation of mode distances for the 1993 Commodity Flow Survey  

SciTech Connect

The 1993 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) collected shipment data from a sample of approximately 200,000 domestic business establishments. Each selected establishment provided information on origin, destination, commodity, shipment weight and value, and modes of transport for a sample of its outbound shipments. One data item not reported by CFS participants was shipment distance. This important piece of information was estimated by simulating probable routes using computer models of the highway, rail, air, waterway, and pipeline networks and their interconnections. This paper describes the nature of the shipment distance estimation problem, the procedures used to estimate mode-specific distances between origin and destination ZIP codes, and the techniques used to validate the results.

Middendorf, D.P.; Bronzini, M. S.; Peterson, B.; Liu, Cheng; Chin, Shih-Miao

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)┬╣ 148 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 104 Total number of trips 1,212 Total distance traveled (mi) 11,846 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 58 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 160 Number of trips 823 Percent of trips city | highway 81% | 19% Distance traveled (mi) 5,559 Percent of total distance traveled 47% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 46 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 85 Number of trips 195 Percent of trips city | highway 40% | 61% Distance traveled (mi) 4,217 Percent of total distance traveled 36% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34 Number of trips

260

(Whose) value-sensitive design: a study of long- distance relationships in an Arabic cultural context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a qualitative study of how 11 Arab individuals use technology in the context of their long-distance romantic relationships. Our participants' communication practices bear similarities to previous findings on the mediation of intimacy ... Keywords: communication, culture, feminism, intimacy, values

Tamara Alsheikh; Jennifer A. Rode; SiÔn E. Lindley

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The proximity factor: impact of distance on co-located collaboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Groups collaborating around a large wall display can do so in a variety of arrangements, positioning themselves at different distances from the display and from each other. We examined the impact of proximity on the effectiveness and enjoyment of co-located ... Keywords: co-located collaboration, direct input, indirect input, large displays, proximity, single-display groupware (SDG), wall display

Kirstie Hawkey; Melanie Kellar; Derek Reilly; Tara Whalen; Kori M. Inkpen

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

3-D chamfer distances and norms in anisotropic grids Celine Fouarda,b,c,*, Gregoire Malandaina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U N C O R R EC TED PR O O F 3-D chamfer distances and norms in anisotropic grids Ce┬┤line Fouarda the center lines of the vessels and to compute their radii [5]. Clearly this volume of data cannot will approximately double the volume of input data (here from 450 to 900 Mb). While modern computer disk capacity

Ayache, Nicholas

263

Trace distance and linear entropy of qubit states: Role of initial qubit-environment correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role of initial qubit-environment correlations on trace distance between two qubit states is studied in the framework of non--Markovian pure dephasing. The growth of mixedness of reduced state quantified by linear entropy is shown to be related to the degree of initial qubit--environment correlations.

Jerzy Dajka; Jerzy Luczka

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

264

Distance Dependence of Electron Transfer in DNA: The Role of the Reorganization Energy and Free Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distance Dependence of Electron Transfer in DNA: The Role of the Reorganization Energy and Free of the solvent reorganization energy and free energy in the heterogeneous DNA environment. DNA is modeled represents water. Model calculations show the importance of including the reorganization energy and the free

Fayer, Michael D.

265

Reducing the Plagiarism Detection Search Space on the Basis of the Kullback-Leibler Distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reducing the Plagiarism Detection Search Space on the Basis of the Kullback-Leibler Distance, jbenedi}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle/ Abstract. Automatic plagiarism detection the plagiarised fragments to their potential source. Publications on this task often assume that the search space

Rosso, Paolo

266

A sequential minimal optimization algorithm for the all-distances support vector machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The All-Distances SVM is a single-objective light extension of the binary Á-SVM for multi-category classification that is competitive against multi-objective SVMs, such as One-against-the-Rest SVMs and One-against-One SVMs. Although the model takes ... Keywords: kernel machines, multi-category classification, sequential minimal optimization, support vector machines

Diego Candel; Ricardo Đanculef; Carlos Concha; HÚctor Allende

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Magnetic hose: Routing and Long-distance Transportation of Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetism is a fundamental interaction shaping our physical world, at the basis of technologies such as magnetic recording or energy generation. Unlike electromagnetic waves, which can be routed and transmitted with waveguides to long distances, magnetic fields rapidly decay with distance. Here we show the concept, design, and properties of a magnetic hose which enables to transfer the static magnetic field generated by a source to an arbitrary distance, and along any given trajectory. Using transformation optics, adapted to static magnetic fields, we first introduce an ideal scheme displaying the basic mechanism behind our proposal and allowing for a perfect transfer. Then we present a simplified approach, which allows to construct a magnetic hose using two available materials: a superconducting shell with a ferromagnetic core. Such a magnetic hose can guide and transport magnetic fields to large distances, unlike ferromagnets- the conventional existing method-, for which transmitted fields decay quickly with the ferromagnetic length. As a proof of pinciple experiment, we demonstrate the field transmission through superconducting-ferromagnetic hoses with lengths up to 140mm, which improve the transmission of an analogous ferromagnet by a 400% factor. Magnetic hoses may provide new solutions in enhancing spin couplings in all-magnetic logic schemes and in harnessing quantum systems by addressable magnetic fields, in the context of quantum information processing.

Carles Navau; Jordi Prat-Camps; Oriol Romero-Isart; J. Ignacio Cirac; Alvaro Sanchez

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

268

Effectiveness of a Virtual Laboratory as a preparatory resource for Distance Education chemistry students  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many have argued that interactive 3D virtual environments have great educational potential due to their ability to engage learners in the exploration, construction and manipulation of virtual objects, structures and metaphorical representations of ideas. ... Keywords: Chemistry education, Distance Education, Interactive learning environments, Post-secondary education, Simulations, Virtual reality

Barney Dalgarno; Andrea G. Bishop; William Adlong; Danny R. Bedgood, Jr.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Geomagnetic Precursor Z Component Diurnal Variation Phase Anomaly Recognition based on the Pattern Distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geomagnetic precursor is one of many earthquake precursors, which have better effects on earthquake prediction, while the diurnal variation anomaly of geomagnetic precursor Z component is an important one in short-impending anomalies. Basing on the pattern ... Keywords: Geomagnetic Precursor, Diurnal Variation, Pattern Distance, Anomaly Recognition

Shaochun Wu; Tongyu Yuan; Yan Tang; Bofeng Zhang; Daming Wei

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Improved multicriteria spanners for Ad-Hoc networks under energy and distance metrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of spanner construction in wireless ad-hoc networks through power assignments under two spanner modelsŚdistance and energy. In particular, we are interested in asymmetric power assignments so that the induced communication ... Keywords: Geometric and energy spanners, approximation algorithms

Hanan Shpungin, Michael Segal

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Combining lexical resources with tree edit distance for recognizing textual entailment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses Textual Entailment (i.e. recognizing that the meaning of a text entails the meaning of another text) using a Tree Edit Distance algorithm between the syntactic trees of the two texts. A key aspect of the approach is the estimation ...

Milen Kouylekov; Bernardo Magnini

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Final Technical Report: Discovering the Nature of Dark Energy: Towards Better Distances from Type Ia Supernovae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The final technical report from the project "Discovering the Nature of Dark Energy: Towards Better Distances from Type Ia Supernovae" led at Rutgers the State University of New Jersey by Prof. Saurabh W. Jha is presented, including all publications resulting from this award.

Saurabh W. Jha

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

273

Geomagnetic imprinting: A unifying hypothesis of long-distance natal homing in salmon and sea turtles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic imprinting: A unifying hypothesis of long-distance natal homing in salmon and sea geomagnetic polarity reversals, may affect ecological processes by disrupting natal homing, resulting the globe before reentering the planet in the northern hemisphere. Several geomagnetic elements vary pre

Lohmann, Kenneth J.

274

Constructive episodic simulation: temporal distance and detail of past and future events modulate hippocampal engagement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Behavioral, lesion and neuroimaging evidence show striking commonalities between remembering past events and imagining future events. In a recent event-related fMRI study, we instructed participants to construct a past or future event in response to a cue. Once an event was in mind, participants made a button press, then generated details (elaboration) and rated them. The elaboration of past and future events recruited a common neural network. However, regions within this network may respond differentially to event characteristics, such as the amount of detail generated and temporal distance, depending on whether the event is in the past or future. To investigate this further, we conducted parametric modulation analyses, with temporal distance and detail as covariates, and focused on the medial temporal lobes and frontopolar cortex. The analysis of detail (independent of temporal distance) showed that the left posterior hippocampus was responsive to the amount of detail comprising both past and future events. In contrast, the left anterior hippocampus responded differentially to the amount of detail comprising future events, possibly reflecting the recombination of details into a novel future event. The analysis of temporal distance revealed that the increasing recency of past events correlated with activity in the right parahippocampus gyrus (Brodmann area (BA) 35/36), while activity in the bilateral hippocampus was significantly correlated with the increasing remoteness of future events. We propose that the hippocampal response to the distance of future events reflects the increasing disparateness of details likely included in remote future events, and the intensive relational processing required for integrating such details into a coherent episodic simulation of the future. These findings provide further support for the constructive episodic simulation hypothesis (Schacter and Addis (2007) Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:773ľ786) and highlight the involvement of the hippocampus in relational processing during elaboration of future events. VC 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. KEY WORDS: episodic; autobiographical memory; future; fMRI; parametric modulation

Donna Rose Addis; Daniel L. Schacter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Holocene lahars and their byproducts along the historical path of the White River between Mount Rainier and Seattle: Geological Society of America Field Trip  

SciTech Connect

Clay-poor lahars of late Holocene age from Mount Rainier change down the White River drainage into lahar-derived fluvial and deltaic deposits that filled an arm of Puget Sound between the sites of Auburn and Seattle, 110-150 km downvalley from the volcano's summit. Lahars in the debris-flow phase left cobbly and bouldery deposits on the walls of valleys within 70 km of the summit. At distances of 80-110 km, transitional (hyperconcentrated) flows deposited pebbles and sand that coat terraces in a gorge incised into glacial drift and the mid-Holocene Osceola Mudflow. On the broad, level floor of the Kent valley at 110-130 km, lahars in the runout or streamflow phase deposited mostly sand-size particles that locally include the trunks of trees probably entrained by the flows. Beyond 130 km, in the Duwamish valley of Tukwila and Seattle, laminated andesitic sand derived from Mount Rainier built a delta northward across the Seattle fault. This distal facies, warped during an earthquake in A.D. 900-930, rests on estuarine mud at depths as great as 20 m. The deltaic filling occurred in episodes that appear to overlap in time with the lahars. As judged from radiocarbon ages of twigs and logs, at least three episodes of distal deposition postdate the Osceola Mudflow. One of these episodes occurred about 2200-2800 cal yr B.P., and two others occurred 1700-1000 cal yr B.P. The most recent episode ended by about the time of the earthquake of A.D. 900-930. The delta's northward march to Seattle averaged between 6 and 14 m/yr in the late Holocene.

Brown, T A; Zehfuss, P H; Atwater, B F; Vallance, J W; Brenniman, H

2003-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

276

Evaluation of sight distance as a criterion for prioritizing rail-highway intersections in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Priority or hazard indices are used by the states to rank their rail-highway intersections according to relative hazard to aid in locating crossings for treatment of conditions and/or improvements in warning devices. The Texas Priority Index has been effective over the years in identifying particularly hazardous rail-highway intersections based on high vehicle volumes, train volumes, and accident histories, and these crossings have been treated or improved. Many of the remaining crossings, however, are not well discriminated in terms of their need for improvement; many crossings have the same index number. The objective of this research was to evaluate sight distance as a criterion for prioritizing rail-highway intersections in Texas to help distinguish between the crossings with similar or identical priority index numbers. Accident and sight distance data were compiled and analyzed. A sight distance variable was incorporated into the current Texas Priority Index and evaluated for its effects on the overall ranking of the rail-highway intersections. A state hazard index was chosen from a state-of-the-practice review with which to compare the current and revised Texas Priority Indices. Finally, the effectiveness of each of the indices was predicted in terms of the distribution of priority index numbers and their ability to move the most potentially hazardous crossings up in the rankings. It was concluded from the accident analysis that sight distance contributed to more vehicle-train accidents than any other factor. Further, improvements to warning devices at passive crossings would effectively reduce the overall sight obstruction, reduce the number of train involved accidents, and thus, reduce the number of injuries and fatalities resulting from accidents at rail-highway intersections. It was concluded from the field data analysis that the Method 1 revised Texas Priority Index was the most effective index of the four priority indices evaluated in this thesis for ranking crossings in terms of exposure, accident history, sight distance, and protection type. The Method 1 revised index was effective at redistributing the individual index numbers in the rank and identifying crossings with restricted sight distance while conserving the significance of the exposure values.

Pecheux, Kelley Klaver

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Time-Distance Imaging of Solar Far-Side Active Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is of great importance to monitor large solar active regions in the far-side of the Sun for space weather forecast, in particular, to predict their appearance before they rotate into our view from the solar east limb. Local helioseismology techniques, including helioseismic holography and time-distance, have successfully imaged solar far-side active regions. In this Letter, we further explore the possibility of imaging and improving the image quality of solar far-side active regions by use of time-distance helioseismology. In addition to the previously used scheme with four acoustic signal skips, a five-skip scheme is also included in this newly developed technique. The combination of both four- and five-skip far-side images significantly enhances the signal-to-noise ratio in the far-side images, and reduces spurious signals. The accuracy of the far-side active region imaging is also assessed using one whole year solar observation.

Junwei Zhao

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

278

Time-Distance Imaging of Solar Far-Side Active Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is of great importance to monitor large solar active regions in the far-side of the Sun for space weather forecast, in particular, to predict their appearance before they rotate into our view from the solar east limb. Local helioseismology techniques, including helioseismic holography and time-distance, have successfully imaged solar far-side active regions. In this Letter, we further explore the possibility of imaging and improving the image quality of solar far-side active regions by use of time-distance helioseismology. In addition to the previously used scheme with four acoustic signal skips, a five-skip scheme is also included in this newly developed technique. The combination of both four- and five-skip far-side images significantly enhances the signal-to-noise ratio in the far-side images, and reduces spurious signals. The accuracy of the far-side active region imaging is also assessed using one whole year solar observation.

Zhao, Junwei

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Long-distance entanglement in many-body atomic and optical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the phenomenon of long-distance entanglement in the ground state of quantum spin models, its use in high-fidelity and robust quantum communication, and its realization in many-body systems of ultracold atoms in optical lattices and in arrays of coupled optical cavities. We investigate different patterns of site-dependent interaction couplings, singling out two general settings: Patterns that allow for perfect long-distance entanglement (LDE) in the ground state of the system, namely such that the end-to-end entanglement remains finite in the thermodynamic limit, and patterns of quasi long-distance entanglement (QLDE) in the ground state of the system, namely, such such that the end-to-end entanglement vanishes with a very slow power-law decay as the length of the spin chain is increased. We discuss physical realizations of these models in ensembles of ultracold bosonic atoms loaded in optical lattices. We show how, using either suitably engineered super-lattice structures or exploiting the presence of edge impurities in lattices with single periodicity, it is possible to realize models endowed with nonvanishing LDE or QLDE. We then study how to realize models that optimize the robustness of QLDE at finite temperature and in the presence of imperfections using suitably engineered arrays of coupled optical cavities. We finally introduce LDE-based schemes of long-distance quantum teleportation in linear arrays of coupled cavities and show that they allow for high-fidelity and high success rates even at moderately high temperatures.

Salvatore M. Giampaolo; Fabrizio Illuminati

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

280

Distribution of the distance between opposite nodes of random polygons with a fixed knot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine numerically the distribution function $f_K(r)$ of distance $r$ between opposite polygonal nodes for random polygons of $N$ nodes with a fixed knot type $K$. Here we consider three knots such as $\\emptyset$, $3_1$ and $3_1 \\sharp 3_1$. In a wide range of $r$, the shape of $f_K(r)$ is well fitted by the scaling form of self-avoiding walks. The fit yields the Gaussian exponents $\

Akihisa Yao; Hiroshi Tsukahara; Tetsuo Deguchi; Takeo Inami

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Fast Tree: Computing Large Minimum-Evolution Trees with Profiles instead of a Distance Matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gene families are growing rapidly, but standard methods for inferring phylogenies do not scale to alignments with over 10,000 sequences. We present FastTree, a method for constructing large phylogenies and for estimating their reliability. Instead of storing a distance matrix, FastTree stores sequence profiles of internal nodes in the tree. FastTree uses these profiles to implement neighbor-joining and uses heuristics to quickly identify candidate joins. FastTree then uses nearest-neighbor interchanges to reduce the length of the tree. For an alignment with N sequences, L sites, and a different characters, a distance matrix requires O(N^2) space and O(N^2 L) time, but FastTree requires just O( NLa + N sqrt(N) ) memory and O( N sqrt(N) log(N) L a ) time. To estimate the tree's reliability, FastTree uses local bootstrapping, which gives another 100-fold speedup over a distance matrix. For example, FastTree computed a tree and support values for 158,022 distinct 16S ribosomal RNAs in 17 hours and 2.4 gigabytes of memory. Just computing pairwise Jukes-Cantor distances and storing them, without inferring a tree or bootstrapping, would require 17 hours and 50 gigabytes of memory. In simulations, FastTree was slightly more accurate than neighbor joining, BIONJ, or FastME; on genuine alignments, FastTree's topologies had higher likelihoods. FastTree is available at http://microbesonline.org/fasttree.

N. Price, Morgan; S. Dehal, Paramvir; P. Arkin, Adam

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

The distance and neutral environment of the massive stellar cluster Westerlund 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to determine a distance to Westerlund 1 independent of the characteristics of the stellar population and to study its neutral environment, using observations of atomic hydrogen. The HI observations are taken from the Southern Galactic Plane Survey to study HI absorption in the direction of the HII region created by the members of Westerlund 1 and to investigate its environment as observed in the HI line emission. A Galactic rotation curve was derived using the recently revised values for the Galactic centre distance of $R_\\odot = 7.6$ kpc, and the velocity of the Sun around the Galactic centre of $\\Theta_\\odot = 214$ km s$^{-1}$. The newly determined rotation model leads us to derive a distance of $3.9\\pm 0.7$ kpc to Westerlund 1, consistent with a location in the Scutum-Crux Arm. Included in this estimate is a very careful investigation of possible sources of error for the Galactic rotation curve. We also report on small expanding HI features around the cluster with a maximum dynamic age of 600,000 years and a larger bubble which has a minimum dynamic age of 2.5 million years. Additionally we re-calculated the kinematic distances to nearby HII regions and supernova remnants based on our new Galaxic rotation curve. We propose that in the early stages of the development of Wd 1 a large interstellar bubble of diameter about 50 pc was created by the cluster members. This bubble has a dynamic age similar to the age of the cluster. Small expanding bubbles, with dynamical ages $\\sim 0.6$ Myr are found around Wd 1, which we suggest consist of recombined material lost by cluster members through their winds.

R. Kothes; S. M. Dougherty

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

283

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)┬╣ 45 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 22 Total number of trips 1,585 Total distance traveled (mi) 14,910 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 49 Number of trips 883 Percent of trips city | highway 81% | 19% Distance traveled (mi) 4,778 Percent of total distance traveled 32%

284

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)┬╣ 64 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 31 Total number of trips 831 Total distance traveled (mi) 7,559 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 54 Number of trips 541 Percent of trips city | highway 79% | 21% Distance traveled (mi) 3,402 Percent of total distance traveled 45%

285

THE MEGAMASER COSMOLOGY PROJECT. V. AN ANGULAR-DIAMETER DISTANCE TO NGC 6264 AT 140 Mpc  

SciTech Connect

We present the direct measurement of the Hubble constant, yielding the direct measurement of the angular-diameter distance to NGC 6264 using the H{sub 2}O megamaser technique. Our measurement is based on sensitive observations of the circumnuclear megamaser disk from four observations with the Very Long Baseline Array, the Green Bank Telescope (GBT), and the Effelsberg telescope. We also monitored the maser spectral profile for 2.3 years using the GBT to measure accelerations of maser lines by tracking their line-of-sight velocities as they change with time. The measured accelerations suggest that the systemic maser spots have a significantly wider radial distribution than in the archetypal megamaser in NGC 4258. We model the maser emission as arising from a circumnuclear disk with orbits dominated by the central black hole. The best fit of the data gives a Hubble constant of H{sub 0} = 68 {+-} 9 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, which corresponds to an angular-diameter distance of 144 {+-} 19 Mpc. In addition, the fit also gives a mass of the central black hole of (3.09 {+-} 0.42) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun }. The result demonstrates the feasibility of measuring distances to galaxies located well into the Hubble flow by using circumnuclear megamaser disks.

Kuo, C. Y. [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Braatz, J. A.; Lo, K. Y.; Condon, J. J.; Impellizzeri, C. M. V. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Reid, M. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Henkel, C. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

286

Shedding Some Light on RFID Distance Bounding Protocols and Terrorist Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last years, researchers have focused on designing secure and efficient RFID authentication protocols. The vast majority of these protocols assume proximity between readers and tags due to the limited range of the radio channel. However, in real scenarios, an intruder can be located between the prover (tag) and the verifier (reader) and trick the latter into thinking that the prover is in close proximity. This attack is globally known as a relay attack, a kind that includes others such as distance fraud, mafia fraud and terrorist attacks. Distance bounding protocols represent a promising countermeasure to hinder relay attacks. Several protocols have been proposed in the last years, but vulnerabilities of major or minor relevance have been identified in all of them. In 2008, Kim et al. [10] proposed a new distance bounding protocol with the objective of being the best one in terms of security, privacy, tag computational overhead and fault tolerance - as claimed by their authors. The study of this rec...

Peris-Lopez, Pedro; Tapiador, J M E; van der Lubbe, Jan C A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Shedding Light on RFID Distance Bounding Protocols and Terrorist Fraud Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vast majority of RFID authentication protocols assume the proximity between readers and tags due to the limited range of the radio channel. However, in real scenarios an intruder can be located between the prover (tag) and the verifier (reader) and trick this last one into thinking that the prover is in close proximity. This attack is generally known as a relay attack in which scope distance fraud, mafia fraud and terrorist attacks are included. Distance bounding protocols represent a promising countermeasure to hinder relay attacks. Several protocols have been proposed during the last years but vulnerabilities of major or minor relevance have been identified in most of them. In 2008, Kim et al. [18] proposed a new distance bounding protocol with the objective of being the best in terms of security, privacy, tag computational overhead and fault tolerance. In this paper, we analyze this protocol and we present a passive full disclosure attack, which allows an adversary to discover the long-term secret key of the tag. The presented attack is very relevant, since no security objectives are met in Kim et al.ĺs protocol. Then, design guidelines are introduced with the aim of facilitating protocol designers the stimulating task of designing secure and efficient schemes against relay attacks. Finally a new protocol, named Hitomi and inspired by [18], is designed conforming the guidelines proposed previously.

Pedro Peris-lopez; Julio C. Hern; Aikaterini Mitrokotsa; Juan M. E. Tapiador

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Long-distance entanglement and quantum teleportation in XX spin chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotropic XX models of one-dimensional spin-1/2 chains are investigated with the aim to elucidate the formal structure and the physical properties that allow these systems to act as channels for long-distance, high-fidelity quantum teleportation. We introduce two types of models: I) open, dimerized XX chains, and II) open XX chains with small end bonds. For both models we obtain the exact expressions for the end-to-end correlations and the scaling of the energy gap with the length of the chain. We determine the end-to-end concurrence and show that model I) supports true long-distance entanglement at zero temperature, while model II) supports {\\it ``quasi long-distance''} entanglement that slowly falls off with the size of the chain. Due to the different scalings of the gaps, respectively exponential for model I) and algebraic in model II), we demonstrate that the latter allows for efficient qubit teleportation with high fidelity in sufficiently long chains even at moderately low temperatures.

L. Campos Venuti; S. M. Giampaolo; F. Illuminati; P. Zanardi

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

289

Long-distance entanglement and quantum teleportation in XX spin chains  

SciTech Connect

Isotropic XX models of one-dimensional spin-1/2 chains are investigated with the aim to elucidate the formal structure and the physical properties that allow these systems to act as channels for long-distance, high-fidelity quantum teleportation. We introduce two types of models: (i) open, dimerized XX chains, and (ii) open XX chains with small end bonds. For both models we obtain the exact expressions for the end-to-end correlations and the scaling of the energy gap with the length of the chain. We determine the end-to-end concurrence and show that model (i) supports true long-distance entanglement at zero temperature, while model (ii) supports 'quasi-long-distance' entanglement that slowly falls off with the size of the chain. Due to the different scalings of the gaps, respectively exponential for model (i) and algebraic in model (ii), we demonstrate that the latter allows for efficient qubit teleportation with high fidelity in sufficiently long chains even at moderately low temperatures.

Campos Venuti, L. [ISI Foundation for Scientific Interchange, Villa Gualino, Viale Settimio Severo 65, I-10133 Turin (Italy); Giampaolo, S. M. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084 Fisciano (Italy); CNR-INFM Coherentia, Napoli (Italy); CNISM Unita di Salerno and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo collegato di Salerno, Baronissi (Italy); Illuminati, F. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084 Fisciano (Italy); CNR-INFM Coherentia, Napoli (Italy); CNISM Unita di Salerno and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo collegato di Salerno, Baronissi (Italy); ISI Foundation for Scientific Interchange, Villa Gualino, Viale Settimio Severo 65, I-10133 Turin (Italy); Zanardi, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States); ISI Foundation for Scientific Interchange, Villa Gualino, Viale Settimio Severo 65, I-10133 Turin (Italy)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Line-Based Object Recognition using Hausdorff Distance: From Range Images to Molecular Secondary Structure  

SciTech Connect

Object recognition algorithms are fundamental tools in automatic matching of geometric shapes within a background scene. Many approaches have been proposed in the past to solve the object recognition problem. Two of the key aspects that distinguish them in terms of their practical usability are: (i) the type of input model description and (ii) the comparison criteria used. In this paper we introduce a novel scheme for 3D object recognition based on line segment representation of the input shapes and comparison using the Hausdor distance. This choice of model representation provides the flexibility to apply the scheme in different application areas. We define several variants of the Hausdor distance to compare the models within the framework of well defined metric spaces. We present a matching algorithm that efficiently finds a pattern in a 3D scene. The algorithm approximates a minimization procedure of the Hausdor distance. The output error due to the approximation is guaranteed to be within a known constant bound. Practical results are presented for two classes of objects: (i) polyhedral shapes extracted from segmented range images and (ii) secondary structures of large molecules. In both cases the use of our approximate algorithm allows to match correctly the pattern in the background while achieving the efficiency necessary for practical use of the scheme. In particular the performance is improved substantially with minor degradation of the quality of the matching.

Guerra, C; Pascucci, V

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

Long-distance entanglement and quantum teleportation in XX spin chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotropic XX models of one-dimensional spin-1/2 chains are investigated with the aim to elucidate the formal structure and the physical properties that allow these systems to act as channels for long-distance, high-fidelity quantum teleportation. We introduce two types of models: I) open, dimerized XX chains, and II) open XX chains with small end bonds. For both models we obtain the exact expressions for the end-to-end correlations and the scaling of the energy gap with the length of the chain. We determine the end-to-end concurrence and show that model I) supports true long-distance entanglement at zero temperature, while model II) supports {\\it ``quasi long-distance''} entanglement that slowly falls off with the size of the chain. Due to the different scalings of the gaps, respectively exponential for model I) and algebraic in model II), we demonstrate that the latter allows for efficient qubit teleportation with high fidelity in sufficiently long chains even at moderately low temperatures.

Venuti, L Campos; Illuminati, F; Zanardi, P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

SLOPE STABILITY EVALUATION AND EQUIPMENT SETBACK DISTANCES FOR BURIAL GROUND EXCAVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After 1970 Transuranic (TRU) and suspect TRU waste was buried in the ground with the intention that at some later date the waste would be retrieved and processed into a configuration for long term storage. To retrieve this waste the soil must be removed (excavated). Sloping the bank of the excavation is the method used to keep the excavation from collapsing and to provide protection for workers retrieving the waste. The purpose of this paper is to document the minimum distance (setback) that equipment must stay from the edge of the excavation to maintain a stable slope. This evaluation examines the equipment setback distance by dividing the equipment into two categories, (1) equipment used for excavation and (2) equipment used for retrieval. The section on excavation equipment will also discuss techniques used for excavation including the process of benching. Calculations 122633-C-004, 'Slope Stability Analysis' (Attachment A), and 300013-C-001, 'Crane Stability Analysis' (Attachment B), have been prepared to support this evaluation. As shown in the calculations the soil has the following properties: Unit weight 110 pounds per cubic foot; and Friction Angle (natural angle of repose) 38{sup o} or 1.28 horizontal to 1 vertical. Setback distances are measured from the top edge of the slope to the wheels/tracks of the vehicles and heavy equipment being utilized. The computer program utilized in the calculation uses the center of the wheel or track load for the analysis and this difference is accounted for in this evaluation.

MCSHANE DS

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

293

CourseVis: A graphical student monitoring tool for supporting instructors in web-based distance courses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents CourseVis, a system that takes a novel approach of using Web log data generated by course management systems (CMSs) to help instructors become aware of what is happening in distance learning classes. Specifically, techniques from ... Keywords: Information visualization, Student tracking, Web-based distance education

Riccardo Mazza; Vania Dimitrova

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Correction of distance-dependent blurring in projection data for fully three-dimensional electron microscopic reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method of correction for distance-dependent blurring, which is one of the limiting factors to achieving higher resolution in 3D reconstructions of biological specimens from 2D projections obtained by an electron microscope. Our proposed ... Keywords: contrast transfer function, distance-dependent blurring, electron microscopy, stationary phase

Joanna Klukowska; Gabor T. Herman; Ivan G. Kazantsev

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Some comments on goodness-of-fit tests for the parametric form of the copula based on L2-distances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a recent paper Fermanian (2005) [9] studied a goodness-of-fit test for the parametric form of a copula, which is based on an L^2-distance between a parametric and a nonparametric estimate of the copula density. In the present paper we investigate ... Keywords: 62G, 62P, Copula, Goodness-of-fit tests, L2-distance, Parametric bootstrap

Axel BŘcher; Holger Dette

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Marker ReDistancing/Level Set Method for High-Fidelity Implicit Interface Tracking  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid of the Front-Tracking (FT) and the Level-Set (LS) methods is introduced, combining advantages and removing drawbacks of both methods. The kinematics of the interface is treated in a Lagrangian (FT) manner, by tracking markers placed at the interface. The markers are not connected ľ instead, the interface topology is resolved in an Eulerian (LS) framework, by wrapping a signed distance function around Lagrangian markers each time the markers move. For accuracy and efficiency, we have developed a high-order ôanchoringö algorithm and an implicit PDE-based re-distancing. We have demonstrated that the method is 3rd-order accurate in space, near the markers, and therefore 1st-order convergent in curvature; in contrast to traditional PDE-based re-initialization algorithms, which tend to slightly relocate the zero Level Set and can be shown to be non-convergent in curvature. The implicit pseudo-time discretization of the re-distancing equation is implemented within the Jacobian-Free Newton Krylov (JFNK) framework combined with ILU(k) preconditioning. We have demonstrated that the steady-state solutions in pseudo-time can be achieved very efficiently, with iterations (CFL ), in contrast to the explicit re-distancing which requires 100s of iterations with CFL . The most cost-effective algorithm is found to be a hybrid of explicit and implicit discretizations, in which we apply first 10-15 iterations with explicit discretization (to bring the initial guess to the ball of convergence for the Newtonĺs method) and then finishing with 2-3 implicit steps, bringing the re-distancing equation to a complete steady-state. The eigenscopy of the JFNK-ILU(k) demonstrates the efficiency of the ILU(k) preconditioner, which effectively cluster eigenvalues of the otherwise extremely ill-conditioned Jacobian matrices, thereby enabling the Krylov (GMRES) method to converge with iterations, with only a few levels of ILU fill-ins. Importantly, due to the Level Set localization, the bandwidth of the Jacobian matrix is nearly constant, and the ILU preconditioning scales as , which implies efficiency and good scalability of the overall algorithm. The numerical examples include the well-established tests for interface kinematics under translational, rotational and tearing/stretching motion. We have shown that the mass conservation is not an issue anymore, as demonstrated using the Rider&Kotheĺs time-reversed tests with extreme deformation. We are able to stretch interface structures to the under-resolved/subgrid (on the chosen Eulerian mesh) scales, and recover them back without any change in shape/loss of mass.

Robert Nourgaliev; Samet Kadioglu; Vincent Mousseau; Dana Knoll

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Bremsstrahlung versus Monoenergetic Photon Dose and Photonuclear Stimulation Comparisons At Long Standoff Distances  

SciTech Connect

Energetic photon sources with energies greater than 6 MeV continue to be recognized as viable source for various types of inspection applications, especially those related to nuclear and/or explosive material detection. These energetic photons can be produced as a continuum of energies (i.e., bremsstrahlung distribution) or as a set of one or more discrete photon energies (i.e., monoenergetic distribution). This paper will provide a follow-on extension of the photon dose comparison presented at the 9th International Conference on Applications of Nuclear Techniques (June 2008). The latter paper showed the comparative advantages and disadvantages of the photon doses provided by these two energetic interrogation sources and highlighted the higher energy advantage of the bremsstrahlung source, especially at long standoff distances (i.e., distance from source to the inspected object). Specifically, this paper will pursue this higher energy photon inspection advantage (up to 100 MeV) by providing dose and stimulated photonuclear interaction predictions for air and an infinitely dilute interrogated material (used for comparative interaction rate assessments since it excludes material self-shielding) as the interrogation object positioned forward on the inspection beam axis at increasing standoff distances. In addition to the direct energetic photon-induced stimulation, the predictions will identify the importance of any secondary downscattered/attenuated source-term effects arising from the photon transport in the intervening atmosphere. *Supported in part by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho Operations Office under Contract Number DE-AC07-05ID14517.

J. L. Jones; J.W. Sterbentz; W.Y. Yoon

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Shedding Some Light on RFID Distance Bounding Protocols and Terrorist Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last years, researchers have focused on designing secure and efficient RFID authentication protocols. The vast majority of these protocols assume proximity between readers and tags due to the limited range of the radio channel. However, in real scenarios, an intruder can be located between the prover (tag) and the verifier (reader) and trick the latter into thinking that the prover is in close proximity. This attack is globally known as a relay attack, a kind that includes others such as distance fraud, mafia fraud and terrorist attacks. Distance bounding protocols represent a promising countermeasure to hinder relay attacks. Several protocols have been proposed in the last years, but vulnerabilities of major or minor relevance have been identified in all of them. In 2008, Kim et al. [10] proposed a new distance bounding protocol with the objective of being the best one in terms of security, privacy, tag computational overhead and fault tolerance- as claimed by their authors. The study of this recent protocol is the main subject of this paper. We present a passive full disclosure attack which allows an adversary-listening the public messages exchanged on the channel- to discover the long-term secret key of the tag. The presented attack is very relevant as it implies that none of the protocol security objectives are guaranteed. Additionally, we also show that the probability of a successful mafia fraud attack against the Reid et al. protocol [16] is bounded by (3/4) n and not by (7/8) n as Piramuthu states in [15].

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions of Protons in Host Metals at Picometre Distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review is given for the explanation of the measurements of Miley et al. of a fully reproducible generation of nuclei of the whole periodic table by protons in host metals during a several-weeks reaction. Similar low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR) were observed by other groups. The fact that the heavy nuclides are not due to pollution can be seen from the fact that such very rare elements as thulium and terbium were detected by unique K-shell X-ray spectra. The nuclear reaction energy goes into the heavy nuclei as measured from much bigger traces in CR39 than from alphas. The fact that any reaction of the protons results in stable daughter nuclei is confirmed by the fact that the highest energy gain is resulting with stable reaction products. This has been explained in Ref. 2, and the energy gain for the heavy element generation by a compound reaction was discussed. The explanation is based on the model of the authors from 1989 to assume free motion of the protons contrary to localized crystalline states. A relation of the reaction time U on distance d of the reacting nuclei by a power law with an exponent 34.8 was derived. Based on few reproducible D-D reactions, a reaction time near the range of megaseconds and a reaction distance of nanometers was concluded. A splendid confirmation of the picometre-megasecond reactions was achieved by Li et al. from his direct quantum mechanical calculations of the hot fusion D-T reactions based on a one-step selective resonance tunneling model. Li et al. were able for the first time to derive the cross sections of the hot fusion. Li's application to picometre distance showed megasecond reaction times with no neutron or gamma emission. Because of the imaginary part in the Schroedinger potential, the problem of the level width is reduced by damping.

Heinrich Hora; George H. Miley; Jak C. Kelly

2000-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

300

A Comparison of Four Indices for Combining Distance and Dose Differences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: When one is comparing two dose distributions, a number of methods have been published to combine dose difference and distance to agreement into a single measure. Some have been defined as pass/fail indices and some as numeric indices. We show that the pass/fail indices can all be used to derive numeric indices, and we compare the results of using these indices to evaluate one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional (3D) dose distributions, with the aim of selecting the most appropriate index for use in different circumstances. Methods and Materials: The indices compared are the gamma index, the kappa index, the index in International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report 83, and a box index. Comparisons are made for 1D and 3D distributions. The 1D distribution is chosen to have a variety of dose gradients. The 3D distribution is taken from a clinical treatment plan. The effect of offsetting distributions by known distances and doses is studied. Results: The International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report 83 index causes large discontinuities unless the dose gradient cutoff is set to equal the ratio of the dose tolerance to the distance tolerance. If it is so set, it returns identical results to the kappa index. Where the gradient is very high or very low, all the indices studied in this article give similar results for the same tolerance values. For moderate gradients, they differ, with the box index being the least strict, followed by the gamma index, and with the kappa index being the most strict. Conclusions: If the clinical tolerances are much greater than the uncertainties of the measuring system, the kappa index should be used, with tolerance values determined by the clinical tolerances. In cases where the uncertainties of the measuring system dominate, the box index will be best able to determine errors in the delivery system.

Thomas, Simon J., E-mail: simon.thomas@addenbrookes.nhs.uk [Department of Medical Physics, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Cowley, Ian R. [Department of Medical Physics, Harley Street Clinic, London (United Kingdom)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The design, construction, and operation of long-distance high-voltage electricity transmission technologies.  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on transmission lines, which operate at voltages of 115 kV and higher. Currently, the highest voltage lines comprising the North American power grid are at 765 kV. The grid is the network of transmission lines that interconnect most large power plants on the North American continent. One transmission line at this high voltage was built near Chicago as part of the interconnection for three large nuclear power plants southwest of the city. Lines at this voltage also serve markets in New York and New England, also very high demand regions. The large power transfers along the West Coast are generally at 230 or 500 kV. Just as there are practical limits to centralization of power production, there are practical limits to increasing line voltage. As voltage increases, the height of the supporting towers, the size of the insulators, the distance between conductors on a tower, and even the width of the right-of-way (ROW) required increase. These design features safely isolate the electric power, which has an increasing tendency to arc to ground as the voltage (or electrical potential) increases. In addition, very high voltages (345 kV and above) are subject to corona losses. These losses are a result of ionization of the atmosphere, and can amount to several megawatts of wasted power. Furthermore, they are a local nuisance to radio transmission and can produce a noticeable hum. Centralized power production has advantages of economies of scale and special resource availability (for instance, hydro resources), but centralized power requires long-distance transfers of power both to reach customers and to provide interconnections for reliability. Long distances are most economically served at high voltages, which require large-scale equipment and impose a substantial footprint on the corridors through which power passes. The most visible components of the transmission system are the conductors that provide paths for the power and the towers that keep these conductors at a safe distance from each other and from the ground and the natural and built environment. Common elements that are generally less visible (or at least more easily overlooked) include the maintained ROW along the path of the towers, access roads needed for maintenance, and staging areas used for initial construction that may be restored after construction is complete. Also visible but less common elements along the corridor may include switching stations or substations, where lines of similar or different voltages meet to transfer power.

Molburg, J. C.; Kavicky, J. A.; Picel, K. C.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

302

Ultra-large distance modification of gravity from Lorentz symmetry breaking at the Planck scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an extension of the Randall--Sundrum model in which, due to spontaneous Lorentz symmetry breaking, graviton mixes with bulk vector fields and becomes quasilocalized. The masses of KK modes comprising the four-dimensional graviton are naturally exponentially small. This allows to push the Lorentz breaking scale to as high as a few tenth of the Planck mass. The model does not contain ghosts or tachyons and does not exhibit the van Dam--Veltman--Zakharov discontinuity. The gravitational attraction between static point masses becomes gradually weaker with increasing of separation and gets replaced by repulsion (antigravity) at exponentially large distances.

D. S. Gorbunov; S. M. Sibiryakov

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

303

Transmitting signals over interstellar distances: Three approaches compared in the context of the Drake equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I compare three methods for transmitting signals over interstellar distances: radio transmitters, lasers and artificial transits. The quantitative comparison is based on physical quantities depending on energy cost and transmitting time L, the last parameter in the Drake equation. With our assumptions, radio transmitters are the most energy-effective, while macro-engineered planetary-sized objects producing artificial transits seem effective on the long term to transmit an attention-getting signal for a time that might be much longer than the lifetime of the civilization that produced the artifact.

Arnold, Luc

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Extending the redshift-distance relation in Cosmological General Relativity to higher redshifts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The redshift-distance modulus relation, the Hubble Diagram, derived from Cosmological General Relativity has been extended to arbitrarily large redshifts. Numerical methods were employed and a density function was found that results in a valid solution of the field equations at all redshifts. The extension has been compared to 302 type Ia supernova data as well as to 69 Gamma-ray burst data. The latter however do not not truly represent a `standard candle' as the derived distance modulii are not independent of the cosmology used. Nevertheless the analysis shows a good fit can be achieved without the need to assume the existence of dark matter. The Carmelian theory is also shown to describe a universe that is always spatially flat. This results from the underlying assumption of the energy density of a cosmological constant $\\Omega_{\\Lambda} = 1$, the result of vacuum energy. The curvature of the universe is described by a \\textit{spacevelocity} metric where the energy content of the curvature at any epoch is $\\Omega_K = \\Omega_{\\Lambda} - \\Omega = 1-\\Omega$, where $\\Omega$ is the matter density of the universe. Hence the total density is always $\\Omega_K + \\Omega = 1$

John G. Hartnett

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

305

Dynamic Rotor Deformation and Vibration Monitoring Using a Non-Incremental Laser Doppler Distance Sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monitoring rotor deformations and vibrations dynamically is an important task for improving the safety and the lifetime as well as the energy efficiency of motors and turbo machines. However, due to the high rotor speed encountered in particular at turbo machines, this requires concurrently a high measurement rate and high accuracy, which can not be fulfilled by most commercially available sensors. To solve this problem, we developed a non-incremental laser Doppler distance sensor (LDDS), which is able to measure simultaneously the in-plane velocity and the out-of-plane position of moving rough solid objects with micrometer precision. In addition, this sensor concurrently offers a high temporal resolution in the microsecond range, because its position uncertainty is in principle independent of the object velocity in contrast to conventional distance sensors, which is a unique feature of the LDDS. Consequently, this novel sensor enables precise and dynamic in-process deformation and vibration measurements on rotating objects, such as turbo machine rotors, even at very high speed. In order to evidence the capability of the LDDS, measurements of rotor deformations (radial expansion), vibrations and wobbling motions are presented at up to 50,000 rpm rotor speed.

Pfister, Thorsten; Guenther, Philipp; Dreier, Florian; Czarske, Juergen [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Laboratory for Measurement and Testing Techniques, Helmholtzstrasse 18, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

306

Clinical Study Anterior Lumbar Interbody Implants: Importance of the Interdevice Distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright ę 2011 Brian R. Subach et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Object. The implantation of interbody fusion cages allows for the restoration of disc height and the enlargement of the neuroforaminal space. The purpose of this study was to compare the extent of subsidence occurring after conventional cage placement compared to a novel wider cage placement technique. Methods. This study is a retrospective evaluation of radiographs of patients who underwent stand-alone single level anterior lumbar interbody fusion with lordotic titanium cages and rhBMP-2. Fifty-three patients were evaluated: 39 patients had wide cage placement (6 mm interdevice distance) and 14 had narrow cage placement (2 mm interdevice distance). Anterior and posterior intervertebral disc space heights were measured post-operatively and at follow-up imaging. Results. The decrease in anterior intervertebral disc space height was 2.05 mm versus 3.92 mm (P subsidence greater than 2 mm was 41.0 % in the wide cage patients and 85.7 % for the narrow cage patients (P subsidence while allowing for a greater exposed surface area for interbody fusion. 1.

Brian R. Subach; Anne G. Copay; Marcus M. Martin; Thomas C. Schuler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

THE DYNAMICAL DISTANCE, RR LYRAE ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE, AND AGE OF THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER NGC 6266  

SciTech Connect

The internal proper motion dispersion of NGC 6266 was measured using Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 images with an epoch difference of eight years. The dispersion was found to be 0.041 {+-} 0.001 arcsec century{sup -1}. This value was then equated to the cluster's radial velocity dispersion of 13.7 {+-} 1.1 km s{sup -1} to yield a distance to NGC 6266 of 7054 {+-} 583 pc. Based on this distance we find that the NGC 6266 RR Lyrae stars have M{sub V} = 0.51 {+-} 0.18 mag. This magnitude is in good agreement with that predicted by the M{sub V} versus [Fe/H] relation found by Benedict et al. Using an average [Fe/H] of -1.25 for NGC 6266, their relation predicts M{sub V} = 0.49 {+-} 0.06. Based on the RR Lyrae M{sub V} versus age relation determined by Chaboyer et al., we estimate that NGC 6266 has an age of 11.4 {+-} 2.2 Gyr.

McNamara, Bernard J.; McKeever, Jean, E-mail: bmcnamar@nmsu.edu, E-mail: jeanm12@nmsu.edu [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Geneva-Copenhagen Survey of the Solar neighbourhood III. Improved distances, ages, and kinematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ages, chemical compositions, velocity vectors, and Galactic orbits for stars in the solar neighbourhood are fundamental test data for models of Galactic evolution. We aim to improve the accuracy of the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey data by implementing the recent revision of the Hipparcos parallaxes. The new parallaxes yield improved astrometric distances for 12,506 stars in the GCS. We also check the GCS II scales of T_eff and [Fe/H] and find no need for change. Introducing the new distances, we recompute M_V for 16,086 stars, and U, V, W, and Galactic orbital parameters for the 13,520 stars that also have radial-velocity measurements. We also recompute stellar ages from the Padova stellar evolution models used in GCS I-II, using the new values of M_V, and compare them with ages from the Yale-Yonsei and Victoria-Regina models. Finally, we compare the observed age-velocity relation in W with three simulated disk heating scenarios to show the potential of the data. With these revisions, the basic data for the GCS stars should now be as reliable as is possible with existing techniques. Further improvement must await consolidation of the T_eff scale from angular diameters and fluxes, and the Gaia trigonometric parallaxes. We discuss the conditions for improving computed stellar ages from new input data, and for distinguishing different disk heating scenarios from data sets of the size and precision of the GCS.

J. Holmberg; B. Nordstr÷m; J. Andersen

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

309

A PARALLAX DISTANCE AND MASS ESTIMATE FOR THE TRANSITIONAL MILLISECOND PULSAR SYSTEM J1023+0038  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently discovered transitional millisecond pulsar system J1023+0038 exposes a crucial evolutionary phase of recycled neutron stars for multiwavelength study. The system, comprising the neutron star itself, its stellar companion, and the surrounding medium, is visible across the electromagnetic spectrum from the radio to X-ray/gamma-ray regimes and offers insight into the recycling phase of millisecond pulsar evolution. Here, we report on multiple-epoch astrometric observations with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) which give a system parallax of 0.731 {+-} 0.022 milliarcseconds (mas) and a proper motion of 17.98 {+-} 0.05 mas yr{sup -1}. By combining our results with previous optical observations, we are able to use the parallax distance of 1368{sup +42}{sub -{sub 39}} pc to estimate the mass of the pulsar to be 1.71 {+-} 0.16 M{sub Sun }, and we are also able to measure the three-dimensional space velocity of the system to be 126 {+-} 5 km s{sup -1}. Despite the precise nature of the VLBA measurements, the remaining {approx}3% distance uncertainty dominates the 0.16 M{sub Sun} error on our mass estimate.

Deller, A. T. [Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), 7990-AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Archibald, A. M.; Kaspi, V. M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Brisken, W. F. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Chatterjee, S. [Astronomy Department, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Janssen, G. H.; Lyne, A. G.; Stappers, B. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Lorimer, D.; McLaughlin, M. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Ransom, S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Stairs, I. H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Cell Merger Potential in Multicell Thunderstorms of Weakly Sheared Environments: Cell Separation Distance versus Planetary Boundary Layer Depth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using high-resolution three-dimensional numerical experiments, this paper shows that the cell separation distance scales as 0.75 times the planetary boundary layer (PBL) depth for successful cell mergers between constructively interacting cells ...

James R. Stalker; Kevin R. Knupp

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The Use of Euclidean Geometric Distance on RGB Color Space for the Classification of Sky and Cloud Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current work describes the use of multidimensional Euclidean geometric distance (EGD) and Bayesian methods to characterize and classify the sky and cloud patterns present in image pixels. From specific images and using visualization tools, it ...

Sylvio Luiz Mantelli Neto; Aldo von Wangenheim; Enio Bueno Pereira; Eros Comunello

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

18 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 84 Total number of trips 1,919 Total distance traveled (mi) 20,128 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

313

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Total number of trips 14,961 Total distance traveled (mi) 168,067 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

314

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

03 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Total number of trips 959 Total distance traveled (mi) 10,425 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

315

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 75 Total number of trips 1,394 Total distance traveled (mi) 18,639 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

316

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

136 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 93 Total number of trips 1,476 Total distance traveled (mi) 16,266 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

317

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Total number of trips 1,027 Total distance traveled (mi) 10,669 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

318

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 63 Total number of trips 1,388 Total distance traveled (mi) 16,479 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

319

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

126 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 86 Total number of trips 470 Total distance traveled (mi) 4,017 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

320

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 73 Total number of trips 1,476 Total distance traveled (mi) 17,810 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 73 Total number of trips 15,434 Total distance traveled (mi) 172,132 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

322

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 61 Total number of trips 1,509 Total distance traveled (mi) 19,521 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

323

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

14 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 76 Total number of trips 800 Total distance traveled (mi) 9,275 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel economy...

324

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

93 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Total number of trips 1,811 Total distance traveled (mi) 24,662 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

325

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

78 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 37 Total number of trips 1,084 Total distance traveled (mi) 9,876 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

326

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

88 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 59 Total number of trips 1,097 Total distance traveled (mi) 15,333 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

327

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

24 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 87 Total number of trips 1,325 Total distance traveled (mi) 15,061 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

328

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 63 Total number of trips 1,314 Total distance traveled (mi) 19,332 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

329

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

03 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 68 Total number of trips 1,269 Total distance traveled (mi) 13,444 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

330

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

36 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 11 Total number of trips 1,083 Total distance traveled (mi) 12,432 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

331

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 75 Total number of trips 1,586 Total distance traveled (mi) 16,990 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

332

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 55 Total number of trips 1,120 Total distance traveled (mi) 13,603 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

333

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 83 Total number of trips 1,535 Total distance traveled (mi) 17,701 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

334

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

74 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 722 Total distance traveled (mi) 8,574 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel economy...

335

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 77 Total number of trips 1,661 Total distance traveled (mi) 14,806 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

336

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

46 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 25 Total number of trips 1,425 Total distance traveled (mi) 15,478 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

337

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 56 Total number of trips 1,579 Total distance traveled (mi) 20,195 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

338

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Total number of trips 1,160 Total distance traveled (mi) 11,521 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

339

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Total number of trips 973 Total distance traveled (mi) 12,099 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

340

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

03 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 73 Total number of trips 1,427 Total distance traveled (mi) 17,582 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 36 Total number of trips 700 Total distance traveled (mi) 6,684 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel economy...

342

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Total number of trips 1,440 Total distance traveled (mi) 17,617 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

343

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

35 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 21 Total number of trips 1,492 Total distance traveled (mi) 14,935 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

344

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

85 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 Total number of trips 813 Total distance traveled (mi) 10,029 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

345

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 64 Total number of trips 1,266 Total distance traveled (mi) 16,125 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

346

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

111 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 70 Total number of trips 1,023 Total distance traveled (mi) 14,654 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

347

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 Total number of trips 1,830 Total distance traveled (mi) 22,888 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

348

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Total number of trips 976 Total distance traveled (mi) 12,487 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

349

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

88 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 60 Total number of trips 1,528 Total distance traveled (mi) 18,774 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

350

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 12,106 Total distance traveled (mi) 110,949 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD)...

351

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 36,749 Total distance traveled (mi) 343,675 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD)...

352

Microsoft PowerPoint - Francfort AVTA-INL EDVs - The Networked...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mile average trip distance * 5.3 mph average speed g * 32.2 average stops per mile * 15% regenerative braking energy recovery - All trips 1 43 AC DC Whmi ratio 668 AC Whmi...

353

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Total number of trips 14,233 Total distance traveled (mi) 159,409 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

354

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 75 Total number of trips 10,798 Total distance traveled (mi) 118,394 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

355

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 76 Total number of trips 13,110 Total distance traveled (mi) 145,669 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

356

Distance priority based multicast routing in WDM networks considering sparse light splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As we know, the member-only algorithm in provides the best links stress and wavelength usage for the construction of multicast light-trees in WDM networks with sparse splitting. However, the diameter of tree is too big and the average delay is also too large, which are intolerant for QoS required multimedia applications. In this paper, a distance priority based algorithm is proposed to build light-trees for multicast routing, where the Candidate Destinations and the Candidate Connectors are introduced. Simulations show the proposed algorithm is able to greatly reduce the diameter and average delay of the multicast tree (up to 51% and 50% respectively), while keep the same or get a slightly better link stress as well as the wavelength usage than the famous Member-Only algorithm.

Zhou, Fen; Cousin, Bernard; 10.1109/ICCS.2008.4737278

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

B-Spline Surface Approximation to Cross-Sections Using Distance Maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we present a method of surface approximation to cross-sections with multiple branching problems. In this method, we first decompose each multiple branching problem into a set of single branching problems by providing a set of intermediate contours using distance maps. For each single branching region, a procedure then performs the skinning of contour curves represented by cubic B-spline curves on a common knot vector, each of which is fitted to its contour points within a given accuracy. In order to acquire a more compact representation for the surface, the method includes an algorithm for reducing the number of knots in the common knot vector. The approximation surface to the crosssections is represented by a set of bicubic B-spline surfaces. This method provides a smooth surface model, yet realises efficient data reduction.

J. Jeong; K. Kim; H. Park; H. Cho; M. Jung

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Time-Distance analysis of the Emerging Active Region NOAA 10790  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the emergence of Active Region NOAA 10790 by means of time--distance helioseismology. Shallow regions of increased sound speed at the location of increased magnetic activity are observed, with regions becoming deeper at the locations of sunspot pores. We also see a long-lasting region of decreased sound speed located underneath the region of the flux emergence, possibly relating to a temperature perturbation due to magnetic quenching of eddy diffusivity, or to a dense flux tube. We detect and track an object in the subsurface layers of the Sun characterised by increased sound speed which could be related to emerging magnetic flux and thus obtain a provisional estimate of the speed of emergence of around $1 {\\rm km s^{-1}}$.

S. Zharkov; M. J. Thompson

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Extension of the Focusable Mass Range in Distance-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry with Multiple Detectors  

SciTech Connect

Since the underlying theory of Distance-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (DOFMS) was reported in 2007,[1] laboratory results[2, 3] have proven its practical viability. However, these previous implementations of DOFMS considered ion detection only over narrow DOF-detection windows, with 25-mm being the greatest detection length explored. These small mass windows cannot be used to evaluate how DOFMS focusing performs over greater DOF detection lengths and mass ranges. In the present study, we expand on previous studies by placing two spatially selective ion detectors along the detection plane of the DOFMS instrument. Ion signals are simultaneously collected from both DOF detectors in order to simulate DOFMS performance with a longer spatially selective ion detector.

Gundlach-Graham, Alexander W.; Dennis, Elise; Ray, Steven J.; Enke, Christie G.; Carado, Anthony J.; Barinaga, Charles J.; Koppenaal, David W.; Hieftje, Gary M.

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Reverse estimation theory, Complementality between RLD and SLD, and monotone distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many problems in quantum information theory can be vied as interconversion between resources. In this talk, we apply this view point to state estimation theory, motivated by the following observations. First, a monotone metric takes value between SLD and RLD Fisher metric. This is quite analogous to the fact that entanglement measures are sandwiched by distillable entanglement and entanglement cost. Second, SLD add RLD are mutually complement via purification of density matrices, but its operational meaning was not clear. To find a link between these observations, we define reverse estimation problem, or simulation of quantum state family by probability distribution family, proving that RLD Fisher metric is a solution to local reverse estimation problem of quantum state family with 1-dim parameter. This result gives new proofs of some known facts and proves one new fact about monotone distances. We also investigate information geometry of RLD, and reverse estimation theory of a multi-dimensional parameter fam...

Matsumoto, K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reverse estimation theory, Complementality between RLD and SLD, and monotone distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many problems in quantum information theory can be vied as interconversion between resources. In this talk, we apply this view point to state estimation theory, motivated by the following observations. First, a monotone metric takes value between SLD and RLD Fisher metric. This is quite analogous to the fact that entanglement measures are sandwiched by distillable entanglement and entanglement cost. Second, SLD add RLD are mutually complement via purification of density matrices, but its operational meaning was not clear. To find a link between these observations, we define reverse estimation problem, or simulation of quantum state family by probability distribution family, proving that RLD Fisher metric is a solution to local reverse estimation problem of quantum state family with 1-dim parameter. This result gives new proofs of some known facts and proves one new fact about monotone distances. We also investigate information geometry of RLD, and reverse estimation theory of a multi-dimensional parameter family.

Keiji Matsumoto

2005-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

362

Binomial moments of the distance distribution and the probability of undetected error  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In [1] K.A.S. Abdel-Ghaffar derives a lower bound on the probability of undetected error for unrestricted codes. The proof relies implicitly on the binomial moments of the distance distribution of the code. The authors use the fact that these moments count the size of subcodes of the code to give a very simple proof of the bound in [1] by showing that it is essentially equivalent to the Singleton bound. They discuss some combinatorial connections revealed by this proof. They also discuss some improvements of this bound. Finally, they analyze asymptotics. They show that an upper bound on the undetected error exponent that corresponds to the bound of [1] improves known bounds on this function.

Barg, A. [Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ (United States). Bell Labs.; Ashikhmin, A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Physical parameters of the Small Magellanic Cloud RR Lyrae stars and the distance scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a careful and detailed light curve analysis of RR Lyrae stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) discovered by the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) project. Out of 536 single mode RR Lyrae stars selected from the database, we have investigated the physical properties of 335 `normal looking' RRab stars and 17 RRc stars that have good quality photometric light curves. We have also been able to estimate the distance modulus of the cloud which is in good agreement with those determined from other independent methods. The Fourier decomposition method has been used to study the basic properties of these variables. Accurate Fourier decomposition parameters of 536 RR Lyrae stars in the OGLE-II database are computed. Empirical relations between the Fourier parameters and some physical parameters of these variables have been used to estimate the physical parameters for the stars from the Fourier analysis. Further, the Fourier decomposition of the light curves of the SMC RR Lyrae stars yields ...

Deb, Sukanta

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Deficit of reactor antineutrinos at distances smaller than 100 m and inverse beta-decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse a change of a deficit of reactor antineutrinos at distances smaller than 100 m by changing the lifetime of the neutron from tau_n = 885.7 s to tau_n = 879.6 s, calculated for the axial coupling constants lambda = - 1.2694 and lambda = - 1.2750, respectively, in order to get a result corresponding the new world average value tau_n = 880.1(1.1) s. We calculate the angular distribution and cross section for the inverse beta-decay, taking into account the contributions of the "weak magnetism" and the neutron recoil to next-to-leading order in the large baryon mass expansion and the radiative corrections of order alpha/\\pi ~ 10^(-3), calculated to leading order in the large baryon mass expansion. We obtain an increase of a deficit of reactor antineutrinos in of about 0.734%.

A. N. Ivanov; R. Hollwieser; N. I. Troitskaya; M. Wellenzohn; O. M. Zherebtsov; A. P. Serebrov

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

365

2768 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 55, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2008 Taser Blunt Probe Dart-To-Heart Distance Causing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dart-To-Heart Distance Causing Ventricular Fibrillation in Pigs Jiun-Yan Wu, Student Member, IEEE. Webster*, Life Fellow, IEEE Abstract--The maximum distance between the heart and a model Taser stimulation dart, called the dart-to-heart distance, at which the Taser can directly cause ventricular fibrillation

Sheridan, Jennifer

366

The Age, Extinction and Distance of the Old, Metal-Rich Open Cluster NGC 6791  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An extensive grid of metal-rich isochrones utilizing the latest available input physics has been calculated for comparison with the old, metal-rich open cluster NGC 6791. The isochrones have been simultaneously fit to BV and VI color magnitude diagrams, with the same composition, reddening and distance modulus required for both colors. Our best fitting isochrone assumes [Fe/H] = +0.4, scaled solar abundance ratios, and dY/dZ = 2 (Y = 0.31), yielding an excellent fit to the data at all points along the major sequences. The resulting age is 8 Gyr, with E(B-V) = 0.10 and (m-M)_v = 13.42. The derived cluster parameters are fairly robust to variations in the isochrone [Fe/H] and helium abundances. All of the acceptable fits indicate that 0.07 < E(B-V) < 0.14$, 13.29 < (m-M)_v < 13.46, and that NGC 6791 has an age of 8.0+/- 0.5 Gyr. The fits also suggest that dY/dZ lies between 1 and 3. A metallicity as low as solar is clearly ruled out, as is dY/dZ = 0. Comparison with previous isochrone studies indicates that the derived reddening is primarily due to our use of the most recent color transformations, whereas the age depends upon both the colors and the input physics. Our isochrones provide an excellent fit to the Hyades zero-age main sequence as determined by Hipparcos, providing evidence that our derived reddening and distance modulus are reliable.

Brian Chaboyer; Elizabeth M. Green; James Liebert

1998-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

367

Thick-to-Thin Filament Surface Distance Modulates Cross-Bridge Kinetics in Drosophila Flight Muscle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The demembranated (skinned) muscle fiber preparation is widely used to investigate muscle contraction because the intracellular ionic conditions can be precisely controlled. However, plasma membrane removal results in a loss of osmotic regulation, causing abnormal hydration of the myofilament lattice and its proteins. We investigated the structural and functional consequences of varied myofilament lattice spacing and protein hydration on cross-bridge rates of force development and detachment in Drosophila melanogaster indirect flight muscle, using x-ray diffraction to compare the lattice spacing of dissected, osmotically compressed skinned fibers to native muscle fibers in living flies. Osmolytes of different sizes and exclusion properties (Dextran T-500 and T-10) were used to differentially alter lattice spacing and protein hydration. At in vivo lattice spacing, cross-bridge attachment time (t{sub on}) increased with higher osmotic pressures, consistent with a reduced cross-bridge detachment rate as myofilament protein hydration decreased. In contrast, in the swollen lattice, t{sub on} decreased with higher osmotic pressures. These divergent responses were reconciled using a structural model that predicts t{sub on} varies inversely with thick-to-thin filament surface distance, suggesting that cross-bridge rates of force development and detachment are modulated more by myofilament lattice geometry than protein hydration. Generalizing these findings, our results suggest that cross-bridge cycling rates slow as thick-to-thin filament surface distance decreases with sarcomere lengthening, and likewise, cross-bridge cycling rates increase during sarcomere shortening. Together, these structural changes may provide a mechanism for altering cross-bridge performance throughout a contraction-relaxation cycle.

Tanner, Bertrand C.W.; Farman, Gerrie P.; Irving, Thomas C.; Maughan, David W.; Palmer, Bradley M.; Miller, Mark S. (IIT); (Vermont); (BU)

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

368

Effect of distance to radiation treatment facility on use of radiation therapy after mastectomy in elderly women  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: We sought to study the effect of distance to the nearest radiation treatment facility on the use of postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) in elderly women. Methods and Materials: Using data from the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare (SEER-Medicare) database, we analyzed 19,787 women with Stage I or II breast cancer who received mastectomy as definitive surgery during 1991 to 1999. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the association of distance with receipt of PMRT after adjusting for clinical and sociodemographic factors. Results: Overall 2,075 patients (10.5%) treated with mastectomy received PMRT. In addition to cancer and patient characteristics, in our primary analysis, increasing distance to the nearest radiation treatment facility was independently associated with a decreased likelihood of receiving PMRT (OR 0.996 per additional mile, p = 0.01). Secondary analyses revealed that the decline in PMRT use appeared at distances of more than 25 miles and was statistically significant for those patients living more than 75 miles from the nearest radiation facility (odds of receiving PMRT of 0.58 [95% CI 0.34-0.99] vs. living within 25 miles of such a facility). The effect of distance on PMRT appeared to be more pronounced with increasing patient age (>75 years). Variation in the effect of distance on radiation use between regions of the country and nodal status was also identified. Conclusions: Oncologists must be cognizant of the potential barrier to quality care that is posed by travel distance, especially for elderly patients; and policy makers should consider this fact in resource allocation decisions about radiation treatment centers.

Punglia, Rinaa S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States)]. E-mail: rpunglia@lroc.harvard.edu; Weeks, Jane C. [Division of Medical Oncology, Center for Outcomes and Policy Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States); Neville, Bridget A. [Division of Medical Oncology, Center for Outcomes and Policy Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States); Earle, Craig C. [Division of Medical Oncology, Center for Outcomes and Policy Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

DIRECT Distances to Nearby Galaxies Using Detached Eclipsing Binaries and Cepheids; 4, Variables in the Field M31D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We undertook a long term project, DIRECT, to obtain the direct distances to two important galaxies in the cosmological distance ladder -- M31 and M33 -- using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) and Cepheids. While rare and difficult to detect, DEBs provide us with the potential to determine these distances with an accuracy better than 5%. The extensive photometry obtained in order to detect DEBs provides us with good light curves for the Cepheid variables. These are essential to the parallel project to derive direct Baade-Wesselink distances to Cepheids in M31 and M33. For both Cepheids and eclipsing binaries, the distance estimates will be free of any intermediate steps. As a first step in the DIRECT project, between September 1996 and October 1997 we obtained 95 full/partial nights on the F. L. Whipple Observatory 1.2 m telescope and 36 full nights on the Michigan-Dartmouth-MIT 1.3 m telescope to search for DEBs and new Cepheids in the M31 and M33 galaxies. In this paper, fourth in the series, we present th...

Kaluzny, J; Stanek, K Z; Krockenberger, M; Sasselov, D D; Tonry, J L; Mateo, M

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

DIRECT Distances to Nearby Galaxies Using Detached Eclipsing Binaries and Cepheids; 5, Variables in the Field M31F  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We undertook a long term project, DIRECT, to obtain the direct distances to two important galaxies in the cosmological distance ladder -- M31 and M33 -- using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) and Cepheids. While rare and difficult to detect, DEBs provide us with the potential to determine these distances with an accuracy better than 5%. The extensive photometry obtained in order to detect DEBs provides us with good light curves for the Cepheid variables. These are essential to the parallel project to derive direct Baade-Wesselink distances to Cepheids in M31 and M33. For both Cepheids and eclipsing binaries, the distance estimates will be free of any intermediate steps. As a first step in the DIRECT project, between September 1996 and October 1997 we obtained 95 full/partial nights on the F. L. Whipple Observatory 1.2 m telescope and 36 full nights on the Michigan-Dartmouth-MIT 1.3 m telescope to search for DEBs and new Cepheids in the M31 and M33 galaxies. In this paper, fifth in the series, we present the...

Mochejska, B J; Stanek, K Z; Krockenberger, M; Sasselov, D D

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

DIRECT Distances to Nearby Galaxies Using Detached Eclipsing Binaries and Cepheids; 2, Variables in the Field M31A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We undertook a long term project, DIRECT, to obtain the direct distances to two important galaxies in the cosmological distance ladder -- M31 and M33, using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) and Cepheids. While rare and difficult to detect, detached eclipsing binaries provide us with the potential to determine these distances with an accuracy better than 5%. The massive photometry obtained in order to detect DEBs provides us with the light curves for the Cepheid variables. These are essential to the parallel project to derive direct Baade-Wesselink distances to Cepheids in M31 and M33. For both Cepheids and eclipsing binaries the distance estimates will be free of any intermediate steps. As a first step of the DIRECT project, between September 1996 and January 1997 we have obtained 36 full nights on the Michigan-Dartmouth-MIT (MDM) 1.3-meter telescope and 45 full/partial nights on the F. L. Whipple Observatory (FLWO) 1.2-meter telescope to search for detached eclipsing binaries and new Cepheids in the M31 an...

Stanek, K Z; Krockenberger, M; Sasselov, D D; Tonry, J L; Mateo, M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

DIRECT Distances to Nearby Galaxies Using Detached Eclipsing Binaries and Cepheids; 1, Variables in the Field M31B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We undertook a long term project, DIRECT, to obtain the direct distances to two important galaxies in the cosmological distance ladder - M31 and M33, using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) and Cepheids. While rare and difficult to detect, detached eclipsing binaries provide us with the potential to determine these distances with an accuracy better than 5%. The massive photometry obtained in order to detect DEBs provides us with good light curves for the Cepheid variables. These are essential to the parallel project to derive direct Baade-Wesselink distances to Cepheids in M31 and M33. For both Cepheids and eclipsing binaries the distance estimates will be free of any intermediate steps. As a first step of the DIRECT project, between September 1996 and January 1997 we have obtained 36 full nights on the Michigan-Dartmouth-MIT (MDM) 1.3-meter telescope and 45 full/partial nights on the F. L. Whipple Observatory (FLWO) 1.2-meter telescope to search for detached eclipsing binaries and new Cepheids in the M31 an...

Kaluzny, J; Krockenberger, M; Sasselov, D D; Tonry, J L; Mateo, M

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

DIRECT Distances to Nearby Galaxies Using Detached Eclipsing Binaries and Cepheids; 3, Variables in the Field M31C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We undertook a long term project, DIRECT, to obtain the direct distances to two important galaxies in the cosmological distance ladder -- M31 and M33 -- using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) and Cepheids. While rare and difficult to detect, DEBs provide us with the potential to determine these distances with an accuracy better than 5%. The extensive photometry obtained in order to detect DEBs provides us with good light curves for the Cepheid variables. These are essential to the parallel project to derive direct Baade-Wesselink distances to Cepheids in M31 and M33. For both Cepheids and eclipsing binaries, the distance estimates will be free of any intermediate steps. As a first step in the DIRECT project, between September 1996 and October 1997 we obtained 95 full/partial nights on the F. L. Whipple Observatory 1.2 m telescope and 36 full nights on the Michigan-Dartmouth-MIT 1.3 m telescope to search for DEBs and new Cepheids in the M31 and M33 galaxies. In this paper, third in the series, we present the...

Stanek, K Z; Krockenberger, M; Sasselov, D D; Tonry, J L; Mateo, M

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)┬╣ 111 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Wh/mi) 61 Total number of trips 1,135 Total distance traveled (mi) 4,408 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 22 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 296 Number of trips 264 Percent of trips city | highway 100% | 0% Distance traveled (mi) 781 Percent of total distance traveled 18% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 19 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 141 Number of trips 44 Percent of trips city | highway 96% | 4% Distance traveled CD | CS (mi) 333 | 389 Percent of total distance traveled CD | CS

375

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)┬╣ 93 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)┬▓ 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Wh/mi) 40 Total number of trips 11,047 Total distance traveled (mi) 119,879 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode┬│ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 25 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 208 Number of trips 4,491 Percent of trips city | highway 92% | 8% Distance traveled (mi) 30,376 Percent of total distance traveled 25% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 22 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 71 Number of trips 1,352 Percent of trips city | highway 69% | 31% Distance traveled CD | CS (mi) 12,772 | 20,001 Percent of total distance traveled CD | CS

376

Comparison of Single-Fired and Delay-Fired Explosions at Regional and Local Distances,  

SciTech Connect

A wide range of blasting practices are utilized by the U.S. mining industry resulting in dramatically different local and regional seismic signatures. This variability in blasting and resulting seismograms suggests that no single discriminant may be appropriate for identifying this class of sources. A range of blasting styles are identified in this paper and the distinguishing characteristics at regional distances are determined. The blasting styles are quantified with the help of mining company records and close-in acoustic,seismic and video graphic data. The regional data consists of portable deployments of high frequency and broadband sensors as well as data from the International Monitoring System Primary Array at Pinedale, Wyoming. Critical to the success of this study is the comparison of regional data from the mining explosions to data from contained, single-fired explosions. Two types of single-fired explosions are utilized, the first a calibration explosion (8 vertical boreholes with 5,000 lbs of explosives each) fired simultaneous. The second, single-fired explosion consists of a number of boreholes detonated simultaneously in the mine for the purpose of pre-splitting the material (driving fractures between boreholes) prior to a large cast shot. Data from these explosions provide the basis for identifying the source signatures of the more typical delay-fired explosions. At high frequencies the single-fired and delay-fired explosions exhibit very similar waveforms at regional distances.Both event types show a high P/L{sub g} ratio at the highest frequencies with L{sub g} dominating at lower frequencies. Mining explosions that cast material show an enrichment in surface wave energy at relatively long periods of 4-12 seconds. Timing anomalies are identified in a high percentage of mining explosions designed to cast material. The accidental, simultaneous detonation of a number of boreholes has been observed in 2 of 9 carefully instrumented cast blasts. These produce regional waveforms that can have characteristics of a single-fired explosion. Spectral scalloping is observed from some delay-fired explosions while not from others. The existence of these characteristics is dependent on the exact delay pattern utilized. Data from a single- fired explosion allows the assessment of local receiver effects that might appear as a characteristic of delay-firing. 9 figs.

Stump, B.W., Pearson, D.C.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

377

ORNL trip (3/25~4/1)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A diagenetic mechanism for the formation of shear fractures in shales hosting deep tight gas plays, AAAG meeting, June - Denver. Santamarina, J.C. and Jang, J. (2009), Gas...

378

My Trip to Mongolia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

power generation. I also toured some of Mongolia's energy facilities, including a thermal power plant, to see first-hand how Mongolia has met its energy needs over the...

379

Gas Mileage Tips - Planning and Combining Trips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Hybrids, Plug-in Hybrids, and Electric Vehicles Many of the gas-saving driving and maintenance tips for conventional vehicles also apply to hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and...

380

Trip Report-Produced-Water Field Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) conducted field testing of a produced-water pretreatment apparatus with assistance from faculty at the Texas A&M University (TAMU) protein separation sciences laboratory located on the TAMU main campus. The following report details all of the logistics surrounding the testing. The purpose of the test was to use a new, commercially-available filter media housing containing modified zeolite (surfactant-modified zeolite or SMZ) porous medium for use in pretreatment of oil and gas produced water (PW) and frac-flowback waters. The SMZ was tested previously in October, 2010 in a lab-constructed configuration ('old multicolumn system'), and performed well for removal of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) from PW. However, a less-expensive, modular configuration is needed for field use. A modular system will allow the field operator to add or subtract SMZ filters as needed to accommodate site specific conditions, and to swap out used filters easily in a multi-unit system. This test demonstrated the use of a commercial filter housing with a simple flow modification and packed with SMZ for removing BTEX from a PW source in College Station, Texas. The system will be tested in June 2012 at a field site in Pennsylvania for treating frac-flowback waters. The goals of this test are: (1) to determine sorption efficiency of BTEX in the new configuration; and (2) to observe the range of flow rates, backpressures, and total volume treated at a given flow rate.

Sullivan, Enid J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Light celebrating place, West Texas Road Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dissertation explores the ability of light to embody and enhance the spirit of place in the Big Bend section of West Texas. A series of surveys and research investigated and then paired elements of light and place that were designed, and installed or simulated, in four experiential case studies. The case studies were evaluated by published authors of light and place and the dissertation committee and deemed mostly successful. Light installations can be embodied and enhance the spirit of place, the installations which were experienced ôliveö did this most effectively.

Mulholland, Jill Cecilia

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Trip Report, Solar aircraft, May 26, 1960  

SciTech Connect

Discussions held with A. S. Stetson, General George Gordes and W. Compton going over technical aspects of Contract NO-S-935 for the research and development studies on coating materials for SNAP reactors.

Henry, D.L.

1960-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

383

Trip Report Bean/Cowpea CRSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Wheat lines having a flour yield of one percentage point or greater below that of USG 3209 would ............................................................................................. 3 Barley and Wheat Entries, Blacksburg, VA, 2008 harvest. #12;2 Section 2: Wheat Varieties Discussion of wheat varieties and summary

Ginzel, Matthew

384

TAKING A TRIP? Travel Management Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to airline/rail reservations, hotel lodging, airport transportation, and car rentals. #12;TRAVEL MGMT, car rentals, incidentals. Improper usage examples include movies, utility bills, alcohol. Non travel

Zobin, Nahum

385

2012 Newsletter Students on field trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- trona. Uz to je, pomou STM mogue micati dodatne pojedinacne atome, stvarati zeljene nanostrukture i

Suzuki, Masatsugu

386

Gas Mileage Tips - Planning and Combining Trips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ride-share programs. You can cut your weekly fuel costs in half and save wear on your car if you take turns driving with other commuters. Many urban areas allow vehicles with...

387

ORNL trip (3/25~4/1)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Recovery from Hydrate-bearing Sediments Methane Recovery from Hydrate-bearing Sediments Final Scientific/Technical Report (Fall 2006 - Spring 2011) Submitted By: J. Carlos Santamarina and Costas Tsouris November 3, 2011 Funding Number: DE-FC26-06NT42963 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0355 Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product,

388

On using the WMAP distance priors in constraining the time evolving equation of state of dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, the WMAP group has published their five-year data and considered the constraints on the time evolving equation of state of dark energy for the first time from the WMAP distance information. In this paper, we study the effectiveness of the usage of these distance information and find that these compressed CMB information can give similar constraints on dark energy parameters compared with the full CMB power spectrum if dark energy perturbations are included, however, once incorrectly neglecting the dark energy perturbations, the difference of the results are sizable.

Hong Li; Jun-Qing Xia; Gong-Bo Zhao; Zu-Hui Fan; Xinmin Zhang

2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

On using the WMAP distance priors in constraining the time evolving equation of state of dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, the WMAP group has published their five-year data and considered the constraints on the time evolving equation of state of dark energy for the first time from the "WMAP distance priors". In this paper, we study the effectiveness of the usage of these distance priors and find that these compressed CMB information can give similar constraints on dark energy parameters compared with the full CMB power spectrum if dark energy perturbation is included, however, once incorrectly neglecting the dark energy perturbation, the difference of the results is sizable.

Li, Hong; Zhao, Gong-Bo; Fan, Zu-Hui; Zhang, Xinmin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Toward a better understanding of the gamma index: Investigation of parameters with a surface-based distance method  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to clarify the interactions between the parameters used in the {gamma} index with the surface-based distance method, which itself can be viewed as a generalized version of the {gamma} index. The examined parameters included the distance to agreement (DTA)/dose difference (DD) criteria, the percentage used as a passing criterion, and the passing percentage for given DTA/DD criteria. The specific aims of our work were (1) to understand the relationships between the parameters used in the {gamma} index, (2) to determine the detection limit, or the minimum detectable error, of the {gamma} index with a given set of parameters, and (3) to establish a procedure to determine parameters that are consistent with the capacity of an IMRT QA system. Methods: The surface-based distance technique with dose gradient factor was derived, and then the relationship between surface-based distance and {gamma} index was established. The dose gradient factor for plans and measurements of 10 IMRT patients, 10 spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) patients, and 3 Radiological Physics Center (RPC) head and neck phantom were calculated and evaluated. The detection limits of the surface-based distance and {gamma} index methods were examined by introducing known shifts to the 10 IMRT plans. Results: The means of the dose gradient factors were 0.434 mm/% and 0.956 mm/% for the SRS and IMRT plans, respectively. Key quantities (including the mean and 90th and 99th percentiles of the distance distribution) of the surface-based distance distribution between two dose distributions were linearly proportional to the actual shifts. However, the passing percentage of the {gamma} index for a given set of DTA/DD criteria was not associated with the actual shift. For IMRT, using the standard quality assurance criteria of 3 mm/3% DTA/DD and a 90% passing rate, we found that the detection limit of the {gamma} index in terms of global shift was 4.07 mm/4.07 % without noise. Conclusions: Surface-based distance is a direct measure of the difference between two dose distributions and can be used to evaluate or determine parameters for use in calculating the {gamma} index. The dose gradient factor represents the weighting between spatial and dose shift and should be determined before DTA/DD criteria are set. The authors also present a procedure to determine {gamma} index parameters from measurements.

Li Heng; Dong Lei; Zhang Lifei; Yang, James N.; Gillin, Michael T.; Zhu, X. Ronald [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Distance to the scaling law: a useful approach for unveiling relationships between crime and urban metrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a quantitative analysis of relationships between the number of homicides, population size and other ten urban metrics. By using data from Brazilian cities, we show that well defined average scaling laws with the population size emerge when investigating the relations between population and number of homicides as well as population and urban metrics. We also show that the fluctuations around the scaling laws are log-normally distributed, which enabled us to model these scaling laws by a stochastic-like equation driven by a multiplicative and log-normally distributed noise. Because of the scaling laws, we argue that it is better to employ logarithms in order to describe the number of homicides in function of the urban metrics via regression analysis. In addition to the regression analysis, we propose an approach to correlate crime and urban metrics via the evaluation of the distance between the actual value of the number of homicides (as well as the value of the urban metrics) and the value that is...

Alves, Luiz G A; Lenzi, Ervin K; Mendes, Renio S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Long-distance contributions to D{sup 0}-D{sup 0} mixing parameters  

SciTech Connect

Long-distance contributions to the D{sup 0}-D{sup 0} mixing parameters x and y are evaluated using latest data on hadronic D{sup 0} decays. In particular, we take on two-body D{yields}PP and VP decays to evaluate the contributions of two-body intermediate states because they account for {approx}50% of hadronic D{sup 0} decays. Use of the diagrammatic approach has been made to estimate yet-observed decay modes. We find that y is of order a few x10{sup -3} and x of order 10{sup -3} from hadronic PP and VP modes. These are in good agreement with the latest direct measurement of D{sup 0}-D{sup 0} mixing parameters using the D{sup 0{yields}}K{sub S{pi}}{sup +{pi}-} and K{sub S}K{sup +}K{sup -} decays by BABAR. We estimate the contribution to y from the VV modes using the factorization model and comment on the single-particle resonance effects and contributions from other two-body modes involving even-parity states.

Cheng Haiyang [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China); Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Chiang, C.-W. [Department of Physics and Center for Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan 320 (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

3Solar Energy and the Distance to Juno from the Sun As the Juno spacecraft travels to Jupiter,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at its maximum distance from the sun? Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;Answer Key 3 Problem, it gets farther from the sun every day. Because the spacecraft generates its electrical power using solar(r)? Problem 3 ┬ş For what angle, , will the spacecraft be able to generate only ┬╝ of the electrical power

394

Investigation of Examples of E-education Environment for Scientific Collaboration and Distance Graduate Studies. Part 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim is to investigate two emerging information technologies in graduate studies and scientific cooperation. Internet is the first technology. The open source is the second. They help each other in many ways. The joint influence of both is regarded ... Keywords: Bayesian approach, distance studies, global optimization, tuning heuristics

Jonas Mockus

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Fast affine invariant shape matching from 3d images based on the distance association map and the genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decision on whether a pair of closed contours is derived from different views of the same object, a task commonly known as affine invariant matching, can be encapsulated as the search for the existence of an affine transform between them. Past research ... Keywords: affine invariant matching, chamfer distance transform

Peter Wai-Ming Tsang; W. C. Situ; Chi Sing Leung; Kai-Tat Ng

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Abstract--The distance protection scheme without communication is often applied to the backup protection of EHV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

setting. Effects of parameters, such as substation grounding, cable layouts and transposition, are also protection of EHV cable lines. For a reliable operation of a ground distance relay, the ground loop impedance to the fault location. The discontinuity of the ground loop impedance at cross-bonding points may have an ill

Bak, Claus Leth

397

An exploration on long-distance communications between left-behind children and their parents in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In China, hundreds of millions of migrant workers have moved to cities or coastal regions for more or better-paid jobs and have left their children behind at their rural homes. Separated by thousands of kilometers, these "left-behind" children and their ... Keywords: left-behind children, long-distance communication, mobile mediated contact

Lu Pan; Feng Tian; Fei Lu; Xiaolong (Luke) Zhang; Ying Liu; Wenxin Feng; Guozhong Dai; Hongan Wang

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Measuring the relative efficiency of IC design firms using the directional distance function and a meta-frontier approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an alternative approach for evaluating the efficiency of integrated circuit (IC) design firms. In doing so, it accounts for differences between technology groups containing one or more design firms, and input and output factors to ... Keywords: Directional distance function, Group-frontier, IC design firm, Meta-frontier, Performance evaluations

Bo Hsiao; Ching-Chin Chern; Ming-Miin Yu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Distance learning in toxicology: Resident and remote; Scotland, IPCS, IUPAC, and the world  

SciTech Connect

Globally, very few college or university chemistry courses incorporate toxicology although public perception of chemicals and the chemical industry as threats to health and the environment has had an adverse effect on chemistry and on the use of its products. The International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) through its Commission on Toxicology recognized this and, with the support of the Committee on the Teaching of Chemistry has used the IUPAC web site to promote distance learning in toxicology for chemists. After preparation of a thoroughly refereed consensus Glossary of Terms for Chemists of Terms Used in Toxicology, a textbook Fundamental Toxicology for Chemists and a set of educational modules entitled Essential Toxicology were compiled and put through the normal thorough review procedure of IUPAC before being approved by the organization. There is now an additional Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicokinetics. The modules are freely downloadable in Adobe PDF format and are designed to be used both by educators and by students. Educators are asked to select whatever is appropriate to their students and to use the material as they wish, adding content specifically relevant to their circumstances. For self-study, the web modules have self-assessment questions and model answers. Currently the original Glossary for Chemists of Terms Used in Toxicology is being revised and it is expected that this will lead to further developments. The currently available components of the IUPAC programme may be accessed through the IUPAC website at the Subcommittee on Toxicology and Risk Assessment page: http://www.iupac.org/divisions/VII/VII.C.2/index.html.

Duffus, John H. [Edinburgh Centre for Toxicology, 43 Mansionhouse Road, Edinburgh EH9 2JD, Scotland (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: J.H.Duffus@btinternet.com

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Going the Distance? NRC's Response to the National Academy of Science's Transportation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In February 2006, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) published the results of a 3 1/2-year study, titled Going the Distance, that examined the safety of transporting spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high level waste (HLW) in the United States. NAS initiated this study to address what it perceived to be a national need for an independent, objective, and authoritative analysis of SNF and HLW transport in the United States. The study was co-sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), the Electric Power Research Institute and the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. This paper addresses some of the recommendations made in the NAS study related to the performance of SNF transportation casks in long duration fires, the use of full-scale package testing, and the need for an independent review of transportation security prior to the commencement of large scale shipping campaigns to an interim storage site or geologic repository. In conclusion: The NRC believes that the current regulations in 10 CFR Part 71 for the design of SNF and HLW transportation packages provide a very high level of protection to the public for very severe accidents and credible threat scenarios. As recommended by the NAS study, additional studies of accidents involving severe fires have been completed. These studies have confirmed that spent fuel casks would be expected to withstand very severe fires without the release of any fission products from the spent fuel. Additionally, changes in rail operating procedures such as the use of dedicated trains and prohibition on the co-location of SNF and flammable liquids in rail tunnels can further reduce the already low probability of severe rail accident fires involving SNF and HLW. (authors)

Easton, E.P.; Bajwa, C.S. [United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

Measuring the differences in spatial ability between a face-to-face and a syncronous distance education undergraduate engineering graphics course.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Distance education is growing at colleges and universities throughout the United States. Engineering graphics laboratory courses are unique in their focus on skills andů (more)

Greenhalgh, Scott D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

DIRECT Distances to Nearby Galaxies Using Detached Eclipsing Binaries and Cepheids. VI. Variables in the Central Part of M33  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The DIRECT project aims to determine direct distances to two important galaxies in the cosmological distance ladder - M31 and M33 - using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) and Cepheids. We present the results of the first large-scale CCD-based search for variables in M33. We have observed two fields located in the central region of M33 for a total of 95 nights on the F. L. Whipple Observatory 1.2-m telescope and 36 nights on the Michigan-Dartmouth-MIT 1.3-m telescope. We have found a total of 544 variables, including 251 Cepheids and 47 eclipsing binaries. The catalog of variables is available online, along with finding charts and BVI light curve data (consisting of 8.2x10^4 individual measurements). The complete set of CCD frames is available upon request.

Macri, L M; Sasselov, D D; Krockenberger, M; Kaluzny, J

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Adiabatic quantum simulation with a segmented ion trap: Application to long-distance entanglement in quantum spin systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss systems of ions in segmented linear Paul traps for the quantum simulation of spin models which exhibit long-distance entanglement (LDE) in the ground state. The axial potential can be tailored to create different coupling patterns suitable to create LDE in quantum spin chains. Microwave pulses are used to implement various kinds of spin-spin interaction Hamiltonians, which can be varied adiabatically thereby realizing the adiabatic preparation of the ground states of quantum spin Hamiltonians exhibiting LDE.

S. Zippilli; M. Johanning; S. M. Giampaolo; Ch. Wunderlich; F. Illuminati

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

Design and evaluation of a new MAC protocol for long-distance 802.11 mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

802.11 has been used well beyond its original intended use of WLANs. Of particular interest to us in this paper is its use in long-distance mesh networks being designed/used for low-cost rural connectivity. We describe in detail a new MAC protocol, called ... Keywords: 802.11 mesh networks, MAC design, network topology design, signal-to-interference ratio

Bhaskaran Raman; Kameswari Chebrolu

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

through December 2012 Vehicle Usage Overall fuel economy (mpg) 126 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 229 Number of trips 369,118 Total distance traveled (mi)...

406

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 66 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 725 Total distance...

407

A generalized family of fixed-radius distribution-based distance measures for content-based fMRI image retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a family of distance measures for comparing activation patterns captured in fMRI images. We model an fMRI image as a spatial object with varying density, and measure the distance between two fMRI images using a novel fixed-radius, distribution-based ... Keywords: Brain imaging, Content-based image retrieval, fMRI image matching

John Novatnack; Nicu Cornea; Ali Shokoufandeh; Deborah Silver; Sven Dickinson; Paul Kantor; Bing Bai

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Improved estimates of separation distances to prevent unacceptable damage to nuclear power plant structures from hydrogen detonation for gaseous hydrogen storage. Technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides new estimates of separation distances for nuclear power plant gaseous hydrogen storage facilities. Unacceptable damage to plant structures from hydrogen detonations will be prevented by having hydrogen storage facilities meet separation distance criteria recommended in this report. The revised standoff distances are based on improved calculations on hydrogen gas cloud detonations and structural analysis of reinforced concrete structures. Also, the results presented in this study do not depend upon equivalencing a hydrogen detonation to an equivalent TNT detonation. The static and stagnation pressures, wave velocity, and the shock wave impulse delivered to wall surfaces were computed for several different size hydrogen explosions. Separation distance equations were developed and were used to compute the minimum separation distance for six different wall cases and for seven detonating volumes (from 1.59 to 79.67 lbm of hydrogen). These improved calculation results were compared to previous calculations. The ratio between the separation distance predicted in this report versus that predicted for hydrogen detonation in previous calculations varies from 0 to approximately 4. Thus, the separation distances results from the previous calculations can be either overconservative or unconservative depending upon the set of hydrogen detonation parameters that are used. Consequently, it is concluded that the hydrogen-to-TNT detonation equivalency utilized in previous calculations should no longer be used.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

THE INFRARED LIGHT CURVE OF SN 2011fe IN M101 AND THE DISTANCE TO M101  

SciTech Connect

We present near-infrared light curves of supernova (SN) 2011fe in M101, including 34 epochs in H band starting 14 days before maximum brightness in the B band. The light curve data were obtained with the WIYN High-Resolution Infrared Camera. When the data are calibrated using templates of other Type Ia SNe, we derive an apparent H-band magnitude at the epoch of B-band maximum of 10.85 {+-} 0.04. This implies a distance modulus for M101 that ranges from 28.86 to 29.17 mag, depending on which absolute calibration for Type Ia SNe is used.

Matheson, T.; Joyce, R. R.; Allen, L. E.; Saha, A.; Silva, D. R.; Binkert, W. S.; Butler, K.; Everett, M. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Wood-Vasey, W. M. [Pittsburgh Particle Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology Center (PITT-PACC), University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Adams, J. J. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Anderson, R. E.; Beck, T. L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Bentz, M. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Astronomy Offices, One Park Place South SE, Suite 700, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Bershady, M. A.; Eigenbrot, A.; Gallagher, J. S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Camarata, M. A. [Department of Physics, Southern Connecticut State University, 501 Crescent Street, New Haven, CT 06515 (United States); Garnavich, P. M. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Glikman, E. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Harbeck, D., E-mail: matheson@noao.edu [WIYN Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); and others

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

410

Horizontal Variability in 10 m Wind Velocities as Observed at Two Prairie Sites Separated by a Distance of 7.5 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to assess the representativeness of mesoscale wind data because most short range pollution models assume that wind velocity will remain constant over distances in the order of 10 km. Previous observational studies have shown that ...

D. M. Leahey; M. C. Hansen; M. B. Schroeder

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Best of the Best: A Report on the MIT Conference on Distance Education and Training Strategies: Lessons From Best Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over a dozen expert panelists from higher education, industry, and government sectors shared their experiences at the MIT Conference on Distance Education and Training Strategies: Lessons From Best Practices conference held on September 24th at the Tang ...

Ed Arnold

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Use of Distance-measuring Equipment (DME) for Correcting Errors in Position, Velocity, and Wind Measurements from Aircraft Inertial Navigation Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft distance-measuring-equipment (DME) data are used to update position, velocity, and wind measurements from inertial navigation systems (INS) measurements. Data from conventional single-channel DME sets, suitably calibrated, are shown to ...

Alfred R. Rodi; James C. Fankhauser; Robin L. Vaughan

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A STUDY OF THE HELIOCENTRIC DEPENDENCE OF SHOCK STANDOFF DISTANCE AND GEOMETRY USING 2.5D MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATIONS OF CORONAL MASS EJECTION DRIVEN SHOCKS  

SciTech Connect

We perform four numerical magnetohydrodynamic simulations in 2.5 dimensions (2.5D) of fast coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and their associated shock fronts between 10 Rs and 300 Rs. We investigate the relative change in the shock standoff distance, {Delta}, as a fraction of the CME radial half-width, D {sub OB} (i.e., {Delta}/D {sub OB}). Previous hydrodynamic studies have related the shock standoff distance for Earth's magnetosphere to the density compression ratio (DR; {rho} {sub u}/{rho} {sub d}) measured across the bow shock. The DR coefficient, k {sub dr}, which is the proportionality constant between the relative standoff distance ({Delta}/D {sub OB}) and the compression ratio, was semi-empirically estimated as 1.1. For CMEs, we show that this value varies linearly as a function of heliocentric distance and changes significantly for different radii of curvature of the CME's leading edge. We find that a value of 0.8 {+-} 0.1 is more appropriate for small heliocentric distances (<30 Rs) which corresponds to the spherical geometry of a magnetosphere presented by Seiff. As the CME propagates its cross section becomes more oblate and the k {sub dr} value increases linearly with heliocentric distance, such that k {sub dr} = 1.1 is most appropriate at a heliocentric distance of about 80 Rs. For terrestrial distances (215 Rs) we estimate k {sub dr} = 1.8 {+-} 0.3, which also indicates that the CME cross-sectional structure is generally more oblate than that of Earth's magnetosphere. These alterations to the proportionality coefficients may serve to improve investigations into the estimates of the magnetic field in the corona upstream of a CME as well as the aspect ratio of CMEs as measured in situ.

Savani, N. P. [University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Shiota, D. [Computational Astrophysics Laboratory, Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Kusano, K. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Vourlidas, A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5352 (United States); Lugaz, N., E-mail: neel.savani02@imperial.ac.uk [Experimental Space Plasma Group, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

414

TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA PROPERTIES AS A FUNCTION OF THE DISTANCE TO THE HOST GALAXY IN THE SDSS-II SN SURVEY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-II SN Survey to search for dependencies between SN Ia properties and the projected distance to the host-galaxy center, using the distance as a proxy for local galaxy properties (local star formation rate, local metallicity, etc.). The sample consists of almost 200 spectroscopically or photometrically confirmed SNe Ia at redshifts below 0.25. The sample is split into two groups depending on the morphology of the host galaxy. We fit light curves using both MLCS2K2 and SALT2, and determine color (A{sub V} , c) and light-curve shape ({Delta}, x{sub 1}) parameters for each SN Ia, as well as its residual in the Hubble diagram. We then correlate these parameters with both the physical and the normalized distances to the center of the host galaxy and look for trends in the mean values and scatters of these parameters with increasing distance. The most significant (at the 4{sigma} level) finding is that the average fitted A{sub V} from MLCS2K2 and c from SALT2 decrease with the projected distance for SNe Ia in spiral galaxies. We also find indications that supernovae (SNe) in elliptical galaxies tend to have narrower light curves if they explode at larger distances, although this may be due to selection effects in our sample. We do not find strong correlations between the residuals of the distance moduli with respect to the Hubble flow and the galactocentric distances, which indicates a limited correlation between SN magnitudes after standardization and local host metallicity.

Galbany, Lluis; Miquel, Ramon; Oestman, Linda [Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Brown, Peter J.; Olmstead, Matthew D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Cinabro, David [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201 (United States); D'Andrea, Chris B.; Nichol, Robert C. [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Frieman, Joshua [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellise Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Jha, Saurabh W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Marriner, John [Center for Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Nordin, Jakob [E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Sako, Masao [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Schneider, Donald P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Smith, Mathew [Department of Physics, University of Western Cape, Bellville 7535, Cape Town (South Africa); Sollerman, Jesper [Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Pan, Kaike; Snedden, Stephanie; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard, E-mail: lluis.galbany@ist.utl.pt [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); and others

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Profiling Foro Energy: High Power Lasers - Long Distances (Performer Video)  

SciTech Connect

The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. A few videos were selected for showing during the Summit to attendees. These 'performer videos' highlight innovative research that is ongoing and related to the main topics of the Summit's sessions. Featured in this video from Foro Energy are Joel Moxley, Founder and CEO, Mark Zediker, Founder and CTO, and Paul Deutch, President and COO. Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy, also appears briefly in this video to praise the accomplishment of a high powered laser that can transmit that power long distances for faster and more powerful drilling of geothermal, oil, and gas wells.

None Available

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

416

Assessing recycling versus incineration of key materials in municipal waste: The importance of efficient energy recovery and transport distances  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the environmental impact of recycling and incineration of household waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling of paper, glass, steel and aluminium is better than incineration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling and incineration of cardboard and plastic can be equally good alternatives. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recyclables can be transported long distances and still have environmental benefits. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Paper has a higher environmental benefit than recyclables found in smaller amounts. - Abstract: Recycling of materials from municipal solid waste is commonly considered to be superior to any other waste treatment alternative. For the material fractions with a significant energy content this might not be the case if the treatment alternative is a waste-to-energy plant with high energy recovery rates. The environmental impacts from recycling and from incineration of six material fractions in household waste have been compared through life cycle assessment assuming high-performance technologies for material recycling as well as for waste incineration. The results showed that there are environmental benefits when recycling paper, glass, steel and aluminium instead of incinerating it. For cardboard and plastic the results were more unclear, depending on the level of energy recovery at the incineration plant, the system boundaries chosen and which impact category was in focus. Further, the environmental impact potentials from collection, pre-treatment and transport was compared to the environmental benefit from recycling and this showed that with the right means of transport, recyclables can in most cases be transported long distances. However, the results also showed that recycling of some of the material fractions can only contribute marginally in improving the overall waste management system taking into consideration their limited content in average Danish household waste.

Merrild, Hanna [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Larsen, Anna W., E-mail: awla@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Christensen, Thomas H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Cepheid distances from infrared long-baseline interferometry - I. VINCI/VLTI observations of seven Galactic Cepheids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the angular diameter measurements of seven classical Cepheids (X Sgr, eta Aql, W Sgr, zeta Gem, beta Dor, Y Oph and L Car) that we have obtained with the VINCI instrument, installed at ESO's VLT Interferometer (VLTI). We also present reprocessed archive data obtained with the FLUOR/IOTA instrument on zeta Gem, in order to improve the phase coverage of our observations. We obtain average limb darkened angular diameter values of LD(X Sgr) = 1.471 +/- 0.033 mas, LD(eta Aql) = 1.839 +/- 0.028 mas, LD(W Sgr) = 1.312 +/- 0.029 mas, LD(beta Dor) = 1.891 +/- 0.024 mas, LD(zeta Gem) =1.747 +/- 0.061 mas, LD(Y Oph) = 1.437 +/- 0.040 mas and LD(L Car) = 2.988 +/- 0.012 mas. For four of these stars (eta Aql, W Sgr, beta Dor, and L Car) we detect the pulsational variation of their angular diameter. This enables us to compute directly their distances, using a modified version of the Baade-Wesselink method: d(eta Aql) = 276 [+55 -38] pc, d(W Sgr) = 379 [+216 -130] pc, d(beta Dor) = 345 [+175 -80] pc, d(L Car) = 603 [+24 -19] pc. The stated error bars are statistical in nature. Applying a hybrid method, that makes use of the Gieren et al. (1998) Period-Radius relation to estimate the linear diameters, we obtain the following distances (statistical and systematic error bars are mentioned): d(X Sgr) = 324 +/- 7 +/- 17 pc, d(eta Aql) = 264 +/- 4 +/- 14 pc, d(W Sgr) = 386 +/- 9 +/- 21 pc, d(beta Dor) = 326 +/- 4 +/- 19 pc, d(zeta Gem) = 360 +/- 13 +/- 22 pc, d(Y Oph) = 648 +/- 17 +/- 47 pc and d(L Car) = 542 +/- 2 +/- 49 pc.

P. Kervella; N. Nardetto; D. Bersier; D. Mourard; V. Coude du Foresto

2003-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

418

Distance Expanding Random  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this manuscript we introduce measurable expanding random systems, develop the thermodynamical formalism and establish, in particular, exponential decay of correlations and analyticity of the expected pressure although the spectral gap property does not hold. This theory is then used to investigate fractal properties of conformal random systems. We prove a Bowenĺs formula and develop the multifractal formalism of the Gibbs states. Depending on the behavior of the Birkhoff sums of the pressure function we get a natural classifications of the systems into two classes: quasi-deterministic systems which share many properties of deterministic ones and essential random systems which are rather generic and never bilipschitz equivalent to deterministic systems. We show in the essential case that the Hausdorff measure vanishes which refutes a conjecture of BogenschŘtz and Ochs. We finally give applications of our results to various specific conformal random systems and positively answer a question of BrŘck and BŘger concerning the Hausdorff dimension of random Julia sets.

Volker Mayer; Bart?omiej Skorulski; Mariusz Urba?ski

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

On the Physical Cause and the Distance of Gamma Ray Bursts and Related Phenomena in the X-Rays and the Ultra-Violet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The modified Lorentz transformation of a distance-dependent special theory of relativity - which will be briefly summarized - predicts the possibility of superluminal velocity of very distantly moving material bodies to be connected with the generation of Cerencov radiation off the quantum vacuum. It is shown that vacuum Cerencov radiation due to the superluminal propagation of extraterrestrial spaceprobes in the interstellar space would account for all known properties of gamma ray bursts (GRBs) and the "afterglow" at lower frequencies. Distances and other parameter prove to be calculable and the theoretical results on these grounds to be in good accord with experiment.

Ernst Karl Kunst

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

420

EBU Technical Information I21-1996 Offset in back focal distance for television cameras with CCD sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The introduction of CCD cameras some years ago brought with it a change in camera design in the sense that the sensors are cemented to the beam-splitter surface. This means that, unlike the situation in tubetype cameras, it is not possible to adjust the back focal distance in CCD cameras. To accommodate this situation, lenses will have to be manufactured to very tight tolerances, taking account of the properties of the glass material used in the beam-splitter block. However, during the development of CCD cameras, at least two different glass materials are in use for the manufacture of beamsplitters. In order to achieve interchangeability of lenses between cameras using different prism designs, the manufacturers have reached agreement concerning the positions of the red and blue image planes relative to the green image place. Two de facto standards have emerged, one for the 2/3-inch format, the other for the 1/2inch format. 2. Offset characteristics

Ebu Committee First

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

THE 21 cm 'OUTER ARM' AND THE OUTER-GALAXY HIGH-VELOCITY CLOUDS: CONNECTED BY KINEMATICS, METALLICITY, AND DISTANCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using high-resolution ultraviolet spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph and the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, we study the metallicity, kinematics, and distance of the gaseous 'outer arm' (OA) and the high-velocity clouds (HVCs) in the outer Galaxy. We detect the OA in a variety of absorption lines toward two QSOs, H1821+643 and HS0624+6907. We search for OA absorption toward eight Galactic stars and detect it in one case, which constrains the OA Galactocentric radius to 9 kpc absorption toward two stars; Complex G is therefore in the same region at R{sub G} = 8-10 kpc. HVC Complex C is known to be at a similar Galactocentric radius. Toward H1821+643, the low-ionization absorption lines are composed of multiple narrow components, indicating the presence of several cold clouds and rapid cooling and fragmentation. Some of the highly ionized gas is also surprisingly cool. Accounting for ionization corrections, we find that the OA metallicity is Z = 0.2-0.5 Z{sub Sun }, but nitrogen is underabundant and some species are possibly mildly depleted by dust. The similarity of the OA metallicity, Galactocentric location, and kinematics to those of the adjacent outer-Galaxy HVCs, including high velocities that are not consistent with Galactic rotation, suggests that the OA and outer-Galaxy HVCs could have a common origin.

Tripp, Todd M.; Song Limin, E-mail: tripp@astro.umass.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

422

Scaling dependence on time and distance in nonlinear fractional diffusion equations and possible applications to the water transport in soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, fractional derivatives have been employed to analyze various systems in engineering, physics, finance and hidrology. For instance, they have been used to investigate anomalous diffusion processes which are present in different physical systems like: amorphous semicondutors, polymers, composite heterogeneous films and porous media. They have also been used to calculate the heat load intensity change in blast furnace walls, to solve problems of control theory \\ and dynamic problems of linear and nonlinear hereditary mechanics of solids. In this work, we investigate the scaling properties related to the nonlinear fractional diffusion equations and indicate the possibilities to the applications of these equations to simulate the water transport in unsaturated soils. Usually, the water transport in soils with anomalous diffusion, the dependence of concentration on time and distance may be expressed in term of a single variable given by $\\lambda _{q}=x/t^{q}.$ In particular, for $q=1/2$ the systems obey Fick's law and Richards' equation for water transport. We show that a generalization of Richards' equation via fractional approach can incorporate the above property.

Kwok Sau Fa; E. K. Lenzi

2004-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Accessibility and Cognition: The Effect of Transportation Mode on Spatial Knowledge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turn, influence trip generation, trip distribution, and modefuture trip generation and trip distribution. As land use/

Mondschein, Andrew; Blumenberg, Evelyn; Taylor, Brian D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

An exact method to find a circle passing through two points and minimizing the maximal weighted distance to a set of points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an optimal algorithm to solve a circuit design problem. We consider the constrained minimax problem to find a circle which minimizes the maximal weighted distance to a set of points passing through two given points. The problem is ... Keywords: Location of a circle, Minimax problem

Seonjeong Lee; Dongyung Kim; Dongwoo Sheen

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Affine invariant matching of broken boundaries in noisy images based on the quality migrant injection genetic algorithm and a successive erosion and distance accumulation scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Viewpoint invariant identification of fragmented scene contours can be realized by matching them against a collection of known reference models. For near planar objects, the matching of a pair of contours can be encapsulated as the search for the existence ... Keywords: Affine invariant matching, Fragmented contours, Migrant principle, Noisy images, Simple genetic algorithm, Successive erosion and distance accumulation

P. W. M. Tsang; W. C. Situ

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

DETERMINATION OF THE HELIOSPHERIC RADIAL MAGNETIC FIELD FROM THE STANDOFF DISTANCE OF A CME-DRIVEN SHOCK OBSERVED BY THE STEREO SPACECRAFT  

SciTech Connect

We report on the determination of radial magnetic field strength in the heliocentric distance range from 6 to 120 solar radii (R {sub Sun }) using data from Coronagraph 2 (COR2) and Heliospheric Imager I (HI1) instruments on board the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory spacecraft following the standoff-distance method of Gopalswamy and Yashiro. We measured the shock standoff distance of the 2008 April 5 coronal mass ejection (CME) and determined the flux-rope curvature by fitting the three-dimensional shape of the CME using the Graduated Cylindrical Shell model. The radial magnetic field strength is computed from the Alfven speed and the density of the ambient medium. We also compare the derived magnetic field strength with in situ measurements made by the Helios spacecraft, which measured the magnetic field at the heliocentric distance range from 60 to 215 R {sub Sun }. We found that the radial magnetic field strength decreases from 28 mG at 6 R {sub Sun} to 0.17 mG at 120 R {sub Sun }. In addition, we found that the radial profile can be described by a power law.

Poomvises, Watanachak; Gopalswamy, Nat; Yashiro, Seiji; Kwon, Ryun-Young [NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Olmedo, Oscar [Space Science Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

427

Type Ia Supernova Properties as a Function of the Distance to the Host Galaxy in the SDSS-II SN Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use type-Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the SDSS-II SN Survey to search for dependencies between SN Ia properties and the projected distance to the host galaxy center, using the distance as a proxy for local galaxy properties (local star-formation rate, local metallicity, etc.). The sample consists of almost 200 spectroscopically or photometrically confirmed SNe Ia at redshifts below 0.25. The sample is split into two groups depending on the morphology of the host galaxy. We fit light-curves using both MLCS2k2 and SALT2, and determine color (AV, c) and light-curve shape (delta, x1) parameters for each SN Ia, as well as its residual in the Hubble diagram. We then correlate these parameters with both the physical and the normalized distances to the center of the host galaxy and look for trends in the mean values and scatters of these parameters with increasing distance. The most significant (at the 4-sigma level) finding is that the average fitted AV from MLCS2k2 and c from SALT2 decrease with the proj...

Galbany, Lluis; Ostman, Linda; Brown, Peter J; Cinabro, David; D'Andrea, Chris B; Frieman, Joshua; Jha, Saurabh W; Marriner, John; Nichol, Robert C; Nordin, Jakob; Olmstead, Matthew D; Sako, Masao; Schneider, Donald P; Smith, Mathew; Sollerman, Jesper; Pan, Kaike; Snedden, Stephanie; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Oravetz, Dan; Simmons, Audrey; Shelden, Alaina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A comparison of genetic map distance and linkage disequilibrium between 15 polymorphic dinucleotide repeat loci in two populations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linkage disequilibrium has recently been used to map the diastrophic dysplasia gene in a Finnish sample. One advantage of this method is that the large pedigrees required by some other methods are unnecessary. Another advantage is that linkage disequilibrium mapping capitalizes on the cumulative history of recombination events, rather than those occurring within the sampled individuals. A potential limitation of linkage disequilibrium mapping is that linkage equilibrium is likely to prevail in all but the most isolated populations, e.g., those which have recently experienced founder effects or severe population bottlenecks. In order to test the method`s generality, we examined patterns of linkage disequilibrium between pairs of loci within a known genetic map. Two populations were analyzed. The first population, Navajo Indians (N=45), is an isolate that experienced a severe bottleneck in the 1860`s. The second population, Maryland Caucasians (N=45), is cosmopolitan. We expected the Navajo sample to display more linkage disequilibrium than the Caucasian sample, and possibly that the Navajo disequilibrium pattern would reflect the genetic map. Linkage disequilibrium coefficients were estimated between pairs of alleles at different loci using maximum likelihood. The genetic isolate structure of Navajo Indians is confirmed by the DNA typings. Heterozygosity is lower than in the Caucasians, and fewer different alleles are observed. However, a relationship between genetic map distance and linkage disequilibrium could be discerned in neither the Navajo nor the Maryland samples. Slightly more linkage disequilibrium was observed in the Navajos, but both data sets were characterized by very low disequilibrium levels. We tentatively conclude that linkage disequilibrium mapping with dinucleotide repeats will only be useful with close linkage between markers and diseases, even in very isolated populations.

Urbanek, M.; Goldman, D.; Long, J.C. [Lab. of Neurogenetics, Rockville, MD (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preheat Energy Preheat Time Total Energy Usage Avg number ofPreheat Energy Preheat Time Total Energy Usage Avg number ofPreheat Energy Preheat Time Total Energy Usage Avg number of

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Thermoluminescence dosimetry of gamma rays from the Hiroshima atomic bomb at distances of 1. 27 to 1. 46 kilometers from the hypocenter  

SciTech Connect

Sixteen ornamental tile samples were collected from 1982 to 1983 from the rooftops of two buildings at Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan. Quartz grains 50-150 microns in size extracted from the samples were analyzed for their thermoluminescence (TL) intensities. Conversion of TL intensity to /sup 60/Co gamma exposure resulted in the following estimates: 40.5 to 27.6 mC kg-1 (157 to 107 R) for five samples (one each) collected from five sites at distances of 1.27 to 1.34 km from the hypocenter of the atomic bomb detonated in 1945; 23.7 +/- 1.4 mC kg-1 (92 +/- 5 R) for three samples from one site at a distance of 1.39 km; 21.4 to 17.0 mC kg-1 (83 to 66 R) for three samples (one sample per site) from three sites at distances of 1.40 to 1.43 km; 19.8 +/- 1.3 mC kg-1 (77 +/- 5 R) for four samples from one site at a distance of 1.45 km; and 13.2 mC kg-1 (51 R) for one sample at a distance of 1.46 km. At face value, these estimates are greater by a factor of about 2.5 than previous estimates based on the tentative 1965 radiation dose estimates for atomic bomb survivors (a tentative dosimetry model proposed in 1965), but agree within +32% to -13% (+15% on the average) with recent estimates using modern computational techniques using an improved model of the atomic bomb explosion.

Ichikawa, Y.; Nagatomo, T.; Hoshi, M.; Kondo, S.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TES Avg. DA Wholesale Price PV Penetration (% Annual Load) (Generation Sold at Low Prices PV Penetration (% AnnualTES Avg. DA Wholesale Price PV Penetration (% Annual Load) (

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 175 Average Trip Distance 12.2 Total distance traveled (mi) 272,366 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 54.1 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 368 Distance traveled (mi) 129,389 Percent of total distance traveled 47.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 75% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.0 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 142,977 Percent of total distance traveled 52.4% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 77% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 65.1% 31.1% Percent Number of trips 85.5% 14.5% Average trip distance (mi)

433

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4.8 4.8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 185 Average Trip Distance 13.1 Total distance traveled (mi) 208,165 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 77.6 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 369 Distance traveled (mi) 104,687 Percent of total distance traveled 50.3% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 87% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 37.2 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 103,478 Percent of total distance traveled 49.7% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 82% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 69.8% 33.9% Percent Number of trips 85.0% 15.0% Average trip distance (mi)

434

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.5 2.5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 166 Average Trip Distance 12.1 Total distance traveled (mi) 385,849 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 78.2 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 332 Distance traveled (mi) 193,336 Percent of total distance traveled 50.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 85% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.2 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 192,512 Percent of total distance traveled 49.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 79% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 67.2% 31.5% Percent Number of trips 86.7% 13.3% Average trip distance (mi)

435

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7.8 7.8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 180 Average Trip Distance 12.8 Total distance traveled (mi) 346,409 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 51.5 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 384 Distance traveled (mi) 161,982 Percent of total distance traveled 46.8% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 74% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.1 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 184,427 Percent of total distance traveled 53.2% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 76% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 63.8% 28.4% Percent Number of trips 85.7% 14.3% Average trip distance (mi)

436

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 174 Average Trip Distance 12.6 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,243,988 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 63.2 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 352 Distance traveled (mi) 615,161 Percent of total distance traveled 49.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 80% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.4 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 628,828 Percent of total distance traveled 50.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 78% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 66.8% 31.7% Percent Number of trips 85.5% 14.5% Average trip distance (mi)

437

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

71.0 71.0 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 169 Average Trip Distance 12.5 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,661,080 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 67.1 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 340 Distance traveled (mi) 826,775 Percent of total distance traveled 49.8% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 81% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.7 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 834,306 Percent of total distance traveled 50.2% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 78% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 66.9% 31.6% Percent Number of trips 85.8% 14.2% Average trip distance (mi)

438

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 170 Average Trip Distance 12.4 Total distance traveled (mi) 2,041,556 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 64.4 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 345 Distance traveled (mi) 1,002,495 Percent of total distance traveled 49.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 80% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.9 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 1,039,061 Percent of total distance traveled 50.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 78% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 66.2% 31.0% Percent Number of trips 86.0% 14.0% Average trip distance (mi)

439

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.1 1.1 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 182 Average Trip Distance 11.8 Total distance traveled (mi) 355,058 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 46.0 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 416 Distance traveled (mi) 155,080 Percent of total distance traveled 43.7% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 69% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34.4 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 199,978 Percent of total distance traveled 56.3% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 74% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 60.5% 27.0% Percent Number of trips 86.3% 13.7% Average trip distance (mi)

440

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.6 6.6 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 171 Average Trip Distance 11.9 Total distance traveled (mi) 370,316 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 53.8 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 371 Distance traveled (mi) 170,860 Percent of total distance traveled 46.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 75% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.9 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 199,456 Percent of total distance traveled 53.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 77% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 63.2% 28.1% Percent Number of trips 86.7% 13.3% Average trip distance (mi)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 157 Average Trip Distance 12.3 Total distance traveled (mi) 407,245 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 67.9 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 338 Distance traveled (mi) 189,426 Percent of total distance traveled 46.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 82% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.5 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 217,819 Percent of total distance traveled 53.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 79% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 65.2% 28.3% Percent Number of trips 86.5% 13.5% Average trip distance (mi)

442

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

73.7 73.7 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 170 Average Trip Distance 12.6 Total distance traveled (mi) 370,987 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 71.0 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 341 Distance traveled (mi) 185,282 Percent of total distance traveled 49.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 83% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.9 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 185,705 Percent of total distance traveled 50.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)┬╣ 79% City┬│ Highway┬│ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 68.0% 32.4% Percent Number of trips 85.4% 14.6% Average trip distance (mi)

443

Regression Model Predicting Appraised Unit Value of Land in San Francisco County from Number of and Distance to Public Transit Stops using GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to develop a quantifying model that predicts the appraised unit value of parcels in San Francisco County based on number of LEED-NC Public Transportation Access (PTA) qualified bus, light rail and commuter rail stops, distance to closest bus, light rail and commuter rail stops, zoning class and parcel size. As a population of interest, San Francisco County was chosen since it is known as a region having well-organized transportation systems including bus, light rail and commuter rail systems. According to the correlation results, for mixed zone, an appraised unit value increases as the number of LEED qualified transit stops increases (bus, light rail, and commuter rail). In addition, the appraised unit value increases as the distance to LEED qualified bus stops light rail stops decreases. For residential zone, the appraised unit value increases as the number of LEED qualified bus and light rail stations increases. Furthermore, the appraised unit value increases as the distance to LEED qualified bus stops decreases. When it comes to the predictive regression model for mixed zone, the adjusted R-square of the transformed model was 0.713, which indicates that 71.3 percent variability in transformed unit value of parcels could be explained by these variables. In addition, for the predictive model of residential zone, the adjusted R-square for the model was 0.622 thus the independent variables together accounted for 62.2 percent variability in the transformed unit value of parcels. The predicting models for mixed and residential zones were significant that suggests that the components of LEED-NC PTA criteria, number and distance from parcels, this could affect land development strategies. In addition, an appraised unit value of parcels in San Francisco County can be estimated by using the predictive models developed in this study. Therefore, the findings of this study could encourage real-estate developers to site their projects according to the LEED-NC PTA criteria.

Son, Kiyoung

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Direct Distances to Cepheids in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Evidence for a Universal Slope of the Period-Luminosity Relation up to Solar Abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have applied the infrared surface brightness (ISB) technique to derive distances to 13 Cepheids in the LMC which span a period range from 3 to 42 days. From the absolute magnitudes of the variables calculated from these distances, we find that the LMC Cepheids define tight period-luminosity relations in the V, I, W, J and K bands which agree exceedingly well with the corresponding Galactic PL relations derived from the same technique, and are significantly steeper than the LMC PL relations in these bands observed by the OGLE-II Project in V, I and W, and by Persson et al. in J and K. We find that the tilt-corrected true distance moduli of the LMC Cepheids show a significant dependence on period, which hints at a systematic error in the ISB technique related to the period of the stars. We identify as the most likely culprit the p-factor which converts the radial into pulsational velocities; our data imply a much steeper period dependence of the p-factor than previously thought, and we derive p=1.58 (+/-0.02) -0.15 (+/-0.05) logP as the best fit from our data, with a zero point tied to the Milky Way open cluster Cepheids. Using this revised p-factor law, the period dependence of the LMC Cepheid distance moduli disappears, and at the same time the Milky Way and LMC PL relations agree among themselves, and with the directly observed LMC PL relations, within the 1 sigma uncertainties. Our main conclusion is that the previous, steeper Galactic PL relations were caused by an erroneous calibration of the p-factor law, and that there is now evidence that the slope of the Cepheid PL relation is independent of metallicity up to solar metallicity, in both optical, and near-infrared bands.

W. Gieren; J. Storm; T. G. Barnes III; P. Fouque; G. Pietrzynski; F. Kienzle

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

445

Trip Report: Northern New Mexico Citizens Advisory Board Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northern New Mexico Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board Public Meeting August 24, 2006 Submitted by: Jennifer Salisbury Background: On behalf of the Environmental Management Advisory Board, Ms. Jennifer Salisbury attended the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board (NNMCAB) meeting on Wednesday, July 26, 2006. The NNMCAB is an Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, responsible for providing information, advice, and recommendations on EM issues specific to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The goal of Ms. Salisbury's attendance was to: Observe the meeting activities. Report observations to Assistant Secretary James Rispoli (EM-1). Provide feedback and/or recommendations. Findings and Observations: J.D. Campbell, the NNMCAB chair, was appreciative of EMAB's interest in their

446

Trip Report: Idaho National Laboratory Citizens Advisory Board Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho National Laboratory Site Idaho National Laboratory Site EM Citizens Advisory Board Public Meeting Report of Observations August 24, 2006 Submitted by: C. Stephen Allred Background: On behalf of the Environmental Management Advisory Board, Mr. C. Stephen Allred attended the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Site Environmental Management Citizens Advisory Board (CAB) meeting on Tuesday, July 18, and Wednesday, July 19, 2006. The INL CAB is an Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, responsible for providing information, advice, and recommendations on EM issues specific to INL. The goal of Mr. Allred's attendance was to: Observe the meeting activities. Report observations to Assistant Secretary James Rispoli (EM-1). Provide feedback and/or recommendations.

447

Power electronic building block (PEDD) workshop. Trip report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

I attended the Power Electronic Building Block (PEBB) workshop at DOE HQ on June 21,1995. Accompanying me was Doug Hopkins, who is contracting with the Lab through Mark Newton on power electronics. The PEBB concept, and the workshop in particular, are sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and DOE. The general concept behind PEBB is a ``second electronics revolution`` facilitated by a single-package, smart, multi-function power control block. The PEBB will potentially replace all conventional power electronic elements at scales from watts to megawatts, thus shifting power engineering from circuit design to system design. ONR is interested because power distribution aboard ships is expensive, complex, and bulky, and getting worse. The same applies to aircraft and many other military systems. DOE`s interest is in electric vehicles, utility power systems, and various end-use applications such as adjustable speed drives. There was obvious enthusiasm from industry, academia, and Government at this workshop. The PEBB concept is in its infancy. Exactly what a PEBB will encompass is still up for discussion. What is certain is that everything is up to industry: standards, innovations, marketing strategies, etc. ONR and DOE are only acting as facilitators and coordinators, and perhaps offering a little seed money. The program will be long-term but fast-paced, relying on concurrent engineering in a serious way. Great strides are required in semiconductors, packaging, controls, and system design. ONR want to put a big knee in the historic power density and dollar-per-watt curves, starting right now.

Johnson, G.W.

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

448

Modeling Impact of Technological Changes on Urban Commercial Trips by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

┬şservice chain activity into an observable set of parameters: number of customers per route, sequencing, time) that can be attended to by a route (21). Capacity or route length constraints limit the number of customers constraints usually limit the number of customers that can be served in a given route. The transportation

Bertini, Robert L.

449

Major Challenges in Landscape Planning: Simulated Field Trips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

overburden; (3) excavating and #12;loading ore; and (4) transporting the ore to a processing plant, storage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 require surface coal mines to be reclaimed back- establishment of vegetation. A variety of surface mining methods has been developed to handle effectively

Standiford, Richard B.

450

Transformations in TRIP-assisted Steels: Microstructure and Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, better fuel economy and safety in automobiles has led to the development of a vari- ety of steels. In addition to the high strength, these materials can be formed into complex shapes. The steels rely on the transformation of austenite into martensite... stop martensite from forming by a process of mechanical stabilisation. There is, however, no quantitative theory capable of predicting this phenomenon ľ to achieve such a description was one aim of the work. There is much research on the roles...

Chatterjee, Sourabh

451

A small trip in the untranquil world of genomes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Genomes are dynamic molecules that are constantly undergoing mutations and rearrangements. The latter are large scale changes in a genome organisation that participate in the evolutionary and speciation process, but may also be involved in inherited ... Keywords: Breakpoint region, Conserved segment, Genome dynamics, Rearrangement, Synteny block, Whole genome alignment

Claire Lemaitre; Marie-France Sagot

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Data processing Procedures and methodology for Estimating Trip...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For example, special attention was paid to travel made between Hawaii islands, between Hawaii and the U.S. mainland, and between Alaska and the U.S. mainland. The main mode of...

453

Low-Cycle Fatigue Properties of TRIP Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 15, 2006 ... AHSS typically have improved fatigue strength over conventional steels and High Strength Steels (HSS) of similar tensile strength. Sampleá...

454

SAFETY TRIP REPORT ON US-JAPAN EXCHANGE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of US and Japanese JWG (Joint Working Group) members and past meetings were distributed. History of JWG;5 PPPL has 524 employees, including 20 ES&H professionals Levine Accident/incident history was reported source design document has a good descriptive cover page. High voltage oil tank. Perforated metal

455

SAFETY TRIP REPORT ON US-JAPAN EXCHANGE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surfaces in the room and wash all walls. (d) Wash all light fixtures and replace all burnt out bulbs (contact your caretaker for bulbs). (e) Clean inside of windows including window tracks; replace dismounted is your major? What led you to choose that? Why did you choose UofS? It is also a good idea to set some

456

February 25, 1998, DNFSB letter forwarding trip rport on the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Failure of Distribution Transformers. On November 27, 1997, failure of the power transformer (1500 kV 13.8 kV480Vac) resulted in the loss of normal power to K-West Basin....

457

ARI delegation to Japan on Alternative Refrigerants. [Foreign Trip Report  

SciTech Connect

Researchers from ARI member companies spoke at the International Conference on Alternative Refrigerants in Tokyo and visited several Japanese organizations for the purpose of exchanging information on alternative refrigerants. The specific purpose of the meetings was to review the methods being utilized to screen alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs: materials compatibility screening methods, lubricant testing techniques, as well as flammability studies. A list of papers presented at the conference is included.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

DNFSB staff trip report reviewing the corrective action process...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

deficiencies that are safety significant. b. The primary corrective action database management systems used at Hanford include the Central Information Control System (CICS) used...

459

DNFSB staff trip report on waste management review at SRS.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

buildup. The staff is also concerned with the accuracy of assay data in the waste database and the potential for accidental use of inaccurate data. b. Certification of SRS...

460

Board letter providing staff trip report on the safety analyses...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(202) 208-6400 September 21, 1994 The Honorable Thomas P. Grumbly Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management Department of Energy Washingto D.C. 20585 Dear Mr. Grumbly: A...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

October 16, 1996, Board letter forwarding staff trip report on...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DNFSB LETTERHEAD October 16, 1996 The Honorable Alvin L. Alm Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC...

462

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: CF GovTrip PIA Template Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The system will not derive meta data. None The system allows authorized DOE staff to query and produce reports on individuals or groups of individuals. The system can produce...

463

Report of trip to YTS - C91 test projectile  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the RAIL feasibility study, Operation Dorothe (March 1961) was conducted to determine if a liquid explosive could survive the acceleration of launch from a 155 mm howitzer. This operation was successful, although some structural difficulty was experienced with the test round (C-90). Upon completion of that exercise, it was decided to design a test round that could be used with the more viscous slurry-type explosives, and to fire several of these new rounds with inert filler prior to their use with slurry High Explosives (H.E.), precluding the difficulty previously experienced. The C-91 projectile, is a modified M107 H.E. round. It has been reduced in weight, equipped with an obturator, and provided with a large fill orifice. The rotating band has been altered to eliminate rotation. Internally, a plastic plug is used to control column height. A piston-type `O` ring seal prevents gun gas from reaching the interior to the projectile. Four of these projectiles were fired from a 155 mm howitzer at 15,500 g`s, plus. They survived not only the launch, but also impact and repeated ricochet in sand, gravel, and small rock. No leakage of the inert filler (glycerin) occurred. All rounds were destroyed with explosives upon completion of the exercise. Test data and engineering drawings are provided.

Mickel, L.

1961-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

November 6, 1995, Board letter forwarding staff trip report regarding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provide the Board's staff with their resolution. 3. Battery Ventilation: ANSI C2 National Electric Safety Code requires adequate ventilation and loss of ventilation alarms for...

465

October 12, 1995, Board letter forwarding staff trip report on...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

power. f. Battery Ventilation: American National Standards Institute (ANSI) C2, National Electric Safety Code, requires adequate ventilation and loss of ventilation alarms for...

466

August 23, 1994, Board staff trip report on Pantex Buildings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2. Summary: The review identified the following major issues and observations: a. Electric power to certain critical safety systems (CSS) is not always supplied from an...

467

Whistler Ski Trip 2005 (2/3) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first of a series of shots of Jordan skiing the ridge. 20 February 2005, 12:21. Top. Left, img018.jpeg.small.jpeg, Right. Bas. 20 February 2005, 12:22. Top.

468

Whistler Ski Trip 2005 (3/3) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 20, 2005 ... Top. Left, img032.jpeg.small.jpeg, Right. Bas. Chris and Jordan just moments ... Top. Left, img033.jpeg.small.jpeg, Right. Bas. What a great day!

469

Hydrogen Interactions with Austenite in Pre-Strained TRIP Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Materials. Presentation Title, Hydrogená...

470

Three E's: Education, Experience, and Employment 2011 Field Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Kansas #12;Konza Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Kansas #12;Agricultural Research Service ┬ş Wind Erosion endless stories about the Blackfeet. We heard firsthand about how the Blackfeet used to live on the land the Blackfeet and how the co!ege is educating their people with history and information for today." Simon Chavez

Wilkins, Neal

471

August 5-13, 2013 POST-TRIP EXTENSION TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of natural gas use in electricity generation, prompted by repeal of the Fuel Use Act, low gas prices-profit research management organization formed in 1976 and funded through a FERC-sanctioned surcharge placed on interstate pipeline gas volumes. The surcharge was determined on an annual basis according to a 5-year

Marsh, David

472

Geothermal Systems of the Yellowstone Caldera Field Trip Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geothermal studies are proceedings on two fronts in the West Yellowstone area. High-temperature resources for the generation of electricity are being sought in the Island Park area, and lower temperatures resources for direct applications, primarily space heating, are being explored for near the town of West Yellowstone. Potential electric geothermal development in the Island Park area has been the subject of widespread publicity over fears of damage to thermal features in Yellowstone Park. At the time of writing this guide, companies have applied for geothermal leases in the Island Park area, but these leases have not yet been granted by the US Forest Service. The Senate is now discussing a bill that would regulate geothermal development in Island Park; outcome of this debate will determine the course of action on the lease applications. The Island Park area was the site of two cycles of caldera activity, with major eruptions at 2.0 and 1.2 million years ago. The US Geological Survey estimates that 16,850 x 10{sup 18} joules of energy may remain in the system. Geothermal resources suitable for direct applications are being sought in the West Yellowstone vicinity by the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, under funding from the US Department of Energy. West Yellowstone has a mean annual temperature of 1-2 C. Research thus far suggests that basement rocks in the vicinity are at a depth of about 600 m and are probably similar to the rocks exposed north of Hebgen Lake, where Precambrian, Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks have been mapped. A few sites with anomalously warm water have been identified near the town. Work is continuing on this project.

Foley, Duncan; Neilson, Dennis L.; Nichols, Clayton R.

1980-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

473

Linear Utility Corridors--A Simulated Visual Field Trip1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to increasing energy demands brought on by population growth and changing life styles, the requirements, the use of electric power has been doubling about every 10 years. They go on to say that per capita consumption of electric power has been increasing, roughly five times as fast as population growth. The United

Standiford, Richard B.

474

Aspects of Cooling at the TRI$?$P Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Tri$\\mu$P facility at KVI is dedicated to provide short lived radioactive isotopes at low kinetic energies to users. It comprised different cooling schemes for a variety of energy ranges, from GeV down to the neV scale. The isotopes are produced using beam of the AGOR cyclotron at KVI. They are separated from the primary beam by a magnetic separator. A crucial part of such a facility is the ability to stop and extract isotopes into a low energy beamline which guides them to the experiment. In particular we are investigating stopping in matter and buffer gases. After the extraction the isotopes can be stored in neutral atoms or ion traps for experiments. Our research includes precision studies of nuclear $\\beta$-decay through $\\beta$-$\

L. Willmann; G. P. Berg; U. Dammalapati; S. De; P. Dendooven; O. Dermois; K. Jungmann; A. Mol; C. J. G. Onderwater; A. Rogachevskiy; M. Sohani; E. Traykov; H. W. Wilschut

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

475

Microsoft Word - SAFETY TRIP REPORT2009r13.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mask. Please consider to wear a mask during work in the restricted area to prevent an internal exposure by the radioactive dusts (Fig. 1). (A.S.) Monitoring system by the warning...

476

PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Skip to main content Energy.gov Office of Management Search form Search Office of Management Services Employee Services Procurement Services Property Management FAQs Forms...

477

AMEC GEOMATRIX/ARA GROUNDWATER REMEDIAITON TRIP REPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

City of Rialto, Well No.3 Demonstration System Integration Project, and Baldwin Park Operable Unit, Baldwin Park, California. The groundwater remediation contractors are AMEC Geomatrix and ARA. The sites were visited on July 22, 2008. Fluor Hanford and the U.S. Department of Energy are currently looking at a variety of alternatives to capture carbon tetrachloride, nitrates, and other COCs from 200-ZP-l groundwater. A few of the more important objectives of our visits were to: (1) Evaluate the treatment systems being used by AMEC Geomatrix to address VOCs, perchlorate, NDMA, 1,4,-Dioxane, and 1,2,3 TCP in a drinking water source; (2) Evaluate how effective these treatment methods have been; (3) Determine the types of problems they have encountered with these treatment systems and how they addressed these problems; (4) Determine the types of secondary wastes being generated by the system; (5) Determine how clean of an operation these companies run; and (6) Determine if the site is worth being visited by DOE-RL at a later date.

SIMMONS SA

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

Trip report, Battelle Memorial Institute, February 7--8, 1955  

SciTech Connect

W. J. O`Leary and R. R. Herries visited BMI to review the progress of subcontract research on extended surface fuel elements and on consolidation of Horizons` thorium. 1. Corrosion samples, 1in. diameter {times} 0.180in. thick nickel-plated uranium, which had been press-clad with aluminum at 510{degree}C and 6000 psi, have been on test for 18 days with no evidence of undercutting. Similar samples press-clad with 10,000 psi have been exposed for 7 days with no failures. 2. The hydrogen and chlorine content of as-received Horizons` electrolytic thorium was greatly reduced during vacuum sintering and arc melting. 3. A second lot of Horizons` thorium has been compacted and sintered to provide electrodes for two 9-10 lb. melts. 4. Diffusion couples are being annealed and examined in order to determine the rate of solid solution diffusion of thorium in aluminum.

Herries, R.R.

1955-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Land of Lost Lakes the 2003 Desert Symposium Field Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Depositional Subenvironments of Trona and Associated Lithologies in the Wilkins Peak Member of the Green River

de Lijser, Peter

480

Trip Report: DOE Seventh Annual Small Business Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Seventh Department of Energy Seventh Annual Small Business Conference August 24, 2006 Submitted by: Mr. Dennis Ferrigno Background: On behalf of the Environmental Management Advisory Board, Mr. Dennis Ferrigno attended the Department of Energy's (DOE) Seventh Annual Small Business Conference sessions Tuesday, June 27 through Friday, June 30, 2006. DOE was represented at the mid-level management rank by Environmental Management, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE), the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste (RW), the Department of Science, the Small Business Office, and large DOE Management and Operating (M&O) Contractors. In addition, Federal entities, including the General Services Administration (GSA), the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

N.J. Themelis Trip to China, October 2007 Trip of Nickolas Themelis, WTERT Chair, to China, October 18-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Permitted (at 50% RDF co-firing) CO ppm@ 10%02 TCDD TEF ngldNm3@ 7%02 HCI uncontrolled ppm@ 8%02 HCI

Columbia University

482

The ARAUCARIA project: Deep near-infrared survey of nearby galaxies. I. The distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud from K-band photometry of red clump stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have obtained deep imaging in the near-infrared J and K bands for 2 nearby fields in the bar of the LMC with the ESO NTT telescope, under exquisite seeing conditions. The K, J-K color-magnitude diagrams constructed from these data are of outstanding photometric quality and reveal the presence of several hundreds of red clump stars. Using the calibration of Alves for the K-band absolute magnitude of Hipparcos-observed red clump stars in the solar neigbourhood we derive a distance modulus to our observed LMC fields of 18.487 mag. Applying a correction for the tilt of the LMC bar with respect to the line of sight according to the geometrical model of van der Marel et al., the corresponding LMC barycenter distance is 18.501 mag. If we adopt a K-band population correction of -0.03 mag, as done by Alves et al. 2002, to account for the difference in age and metallicity between the solar neighborhood and LMC red clump star populations, we obtain an LMC barycenter distance modulus of 18.471 mag from our data. This is in excellent agreement with the result of Alves et al., and of another very recent study of Sarajedini et al. (2002) obtained from K-band photometry. However, we emphasize that current model predictions about the uncertainties of population corrections seem to indicate that errors up to about 0.12 mag may be possible, probably in any photometric band. Therefore, work must continue to tighten the constraints on these corrections. We also determine the mean red clump star magnitude in our LMC fields in the J band, which could be a useful alternative to the K band should future work reveal that population effect corrections for red clump stars in the J band are smaller, or more reliably determined than those for the K band.

G. Pietrzynski; W. Gieren

2002-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

483

Communities of practice: the utility of web-based communication tools in assisting new, adult, online learners' transition to formal distance education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institutions of higher education are harnessing the communication ability of the Internet to offer classes and academic degree programs. This study investigated adult students during their first semester in a distance delivered doctoral program. The purpose of the study was to examine the use of web-based communication tools and their ability to establish a community of practice enabling the new students to share solutions related to distance doctoral study. This case study included the entire cohort of a distance delivered Ed.D. in Agricultural Education administered jointly by Texas Tech and Texas A&M Universities. Data collection methods included a semi-structured telephone interview, containing an adapted Sense of Community Index and postings on a Wiki (editable web page). Data analysis produced a participantsĺ profile and their use of web-based communication tools. This study found that (a) a variety of web-based tools enabled the students to connect with their cohort on a routine basis, (b) it is possible to establish a community of practice using a variety of web-based communication tools, (c) after one semester the cohort is an embryonic community of practice (d) the students were able to assist each other with concerns that helped them acclimate to learning online and their doctoral program, (e) students appreciate the flexibility that distance education offers but some prefer a traditional education, (f) students were frustrated with the technology during the first few weeks of their program, (g) new doctoral students desire instruction in the use of the course management system, the online library, and scholarly writing, (h) the students feel a strong sense of community, (i) use of web-based communication tools are vital as they assist in the studentĺs learning, (j) students felt isolated from their cohort until they participated in a group project even though they had the use of web-based communication tools at their disposal. The results of this study suggest that opportunities for students to engage socially with their peers should be built into the design of online classes and degree programs. Future research is recommended to examine the sustainability and desirability of virtual communities of practice.

Miller, Rene Patricia

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION Trade-Offs and Synergies in Urban Climate Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by car for commuting In the model, we only consider commuting trips assimilated to trips towards itineraries (see model description in Section 3.1). The indicator is the average distance traveled by car indicator could also be made more refined by coupling the urban model with a hydro- logical model to take

485

Cognitive Mapping, Travel Behavior, and Access to Opportunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in trip generation, trip distribution, and mode split we nowturn, influence trip generation, trip distribution, and modeaffect future trip generation and trip distribution ceteris

Mondschein, Andrew; Blumenberg, Evelyn; Taylor, Brian D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

http://baltoferretclub.com/travel.html http://baltoferretclub.com/evacuation.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whole eggs Liver Fish Fish oil Fat Chicken Fat Turkey Fat Poultry Fat Other Beet Pulp Brewer's Yeast;Nutritional Requirements Protein: 32-38% avg 35% Fat: 18-25% avg. 20% Fiber: Less than 3% avg. 2% Carbs than 12% avg 10% Accepted Good Ingredients Meats Chicken Turkey Lamb Chicken Meal Turkey Meal Lamb Meal

Selmic, Sandra

487

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 49 89,494 825,358 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 57 42...

488

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 47 8,056 75,381 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 54 37...

489

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 48 11,690 113,476 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 53 39...

490

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 49 11,977 110,783 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 55 40...

491

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 44 9,485 89,378 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 52 38...

492

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 47 10,148 96,085 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 56 41...

493

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 48 11,151 103,642 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 56 40...

494

MonthlyReportAll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CD) mode Total number of trips 46 9,988 93,994 Total distance traveled (mi) Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 54 40...

495

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 94 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 60 Total number of trips 1,077 Total distance traveled (mi) 15,138...

496

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 13,167 Total distance...

497

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 13 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 2,405 Total distance...

498

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 70 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 1,225 Total distance...

499

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 2,348 Total distance...

500

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 26 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 6,332 Total distance...