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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

fuel economy (mpg) 155 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 242 Number of trips 147,886 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,184,265 Avg trip distance (mi) 8.0 Avg distance...

2

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2011 through March 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 3,364 Total distance traveled (mi) 21,706 Avg trip distance (mi) 5.8 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

3

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

through June 2013 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 1,135,053 Total distance traveled (mi) 8,040,300 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.1 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

4

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

through September 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 813,430 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,837,173 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

5

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2012 through June 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 787,895 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,666,469 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

6

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

through December 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 969,853 Total distance traveled (mi) 6,724,952 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.9 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

7

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report-Reporting period...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

through September 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 536,548 Total distance traveled (mi) 3,718,272 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.9 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

8

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2012 through March 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 773,602 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,558,155 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

9

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

through December 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 707,330 Total distance traveled (mi) 4,878,735 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.9 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

10

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2011 through June 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 160,588 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,077,931 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.7 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

11

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

40 Reporting period: January 2013 through March 2013 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 1,075,251 Total distance traveled (mi) 7,563,354 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.0 Avg distance...

12

Property:AvgReservoirDepth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthor Jump to: navigation,AvgReservoirDepth Jump

13

Property:AvgWellDepth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthor Jump to: navigation,AvgReservoirDepth

14

AVG Koeln GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWater Rights,InformationWind EnergyPublicASTER JumpAVG Koeln GmbH

15

EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Usage Overall fuel economy (mpg) 131 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 271 Number of trips 13,819 Total distance traveled (mi) 108,115 Avg trip distance (mi)...

16

EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Usage Overall fuel economy (mpg) 136 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 222 Number of trips 286,682 Total distance traveled (mi) 2,392,509 Avg trip distance...

17

EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Usage Overall fuel economy (mpg) 139 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 293 Number of trips 76,425 Total distance traveled (mi) 609,737 Avg trip distance...

18

HOFSTRA UNIVERSITY FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOFSTRA UNIVERSITY FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK GEOLOGY 143A ­ Field Geology of Northern Arizona 27 March University Geology 143A Northern Arizona Field Course, 27 March ­ 03 April 2010 Field Trip Guidebook by: Prof. Charles Merguerian 2010 Arizona ­ a Macro View Physically, he was not what you would call an imposing

Merguerian, Charles

19

Seeking Mountains Field Trip Jasper National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seeking Mountains Field Trip Jasper National Park December 14-15, 2012 Jasper National Park of Jasper is one of only four communities located in a Canadian national park. We have arranged a special. The field trip includes as follows: a welcome reception at the Jasper Yellowhead Museum and Archives

MacMillan, Andrew

20

Google+ Virtual Field Trip on Vehicle Electrification at Argonne...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Google+ Virtual Field Trip on Vehicle Electrification at Argonne National Laboratory Google+ Virtual Field Trip on Vehicle Electrification at Argonne National Laboratory November...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Field Trips (1) Boston: An Urban Ecosystem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reservoir and Watershed Trip Leaders: Steve DeStefano and Justin Compton, USGS Cooperative Research Unit. The Quabbin also plays an important role as wildlife habitat: moose, deer, bears, bobcats, fishers, beavers

DeStefano, Stephen

22

GTA TRIP GENERATION RATES, 1986 -1996 Eric J. Miller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GTA TRIP GENERATION RATES, 1986 - 1996 by Eric J. Miller Department of Civil Engineering University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. CHANGES IN GTA TRIP GENERATION RATES, 1986-96 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 Time Female Labour Force Participation Rate

Toronto, University of

23

September 17, 2010 SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS PREVENTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and in an effort to reduce slips, trips and falls we offer the following "best practices" to consider: Be aware Environmental Services for immediate assistance Routinely check for loose power cords and cables; make Environmental Health and Safety 734-3673 Environmental Services 734-3425 Employee Health Services 734

Leistikow, Bruce N.

24

Educators Trip to Turkey June 10-21, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Educators Trip to Turkey June 10-21, 2014 Sponsored by Public Partnership & Outreach, Texas A&M University and Raindrop Foundation, Houston & Bryan/College Station Cost of the Turkey Educators Trip Airline Foundation Houston Note: Educators Trip to Turkey (see address below) Mr. Mehmet Okumus, President

Behmer, Spencer T.

25

automatic trip events: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: The University of Western Ontario Student EventsField Trips Acknowledgement and Assumption of Risk of The University of Western Ontario, ( specific...

26

Hunton Group core workshop and field trip  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Late Ordovician-Silurian-Devonian Hunton Group is a moderately thick sequence of shallow-marine carbonates deposited on the south edge of the North American craton. This rock unit is a major target for petroleum exploration and reservoir development in the southern Midcontinent. The workshop described here was held to display cores, outcrop samples, and other reservoir-characterization studies of the Hunton Group and equivalent strata throughout the region. A field trip was organized to complement the workshop by allowing examination of excellent outcrops of the Hunton Group of the Arbuckle Mountains.

Johnson, K.S. [ed.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

My Trip to Mongolia | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32Department ofMoving AwayAvailability ofMy Trip to Mongolia My

28

China Trip Report May 7-21, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 China Trip Report May 7-21, 2012 Dr. Cathy Meschievitz Director, Office of International Programs Dean of College of A&L) toured China on university business for two weeks May 7-21, 2012. The trip had three main purposes: (1) Visit selected universities and colleges in China to explore partnership

Fernandez, Eduardo

29

... FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CLAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CLAYS ALONG THE UPPER TEXAS COAST NI Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas &II LPI #12;FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT.....................................................................................................................................vi Introduction: Environmental Impact of Clays Along the Upper Texas Coast

Rathbun, Julie A.

30

Northwest Geological Society Society Field Trips in Pacific Northwest Geology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Through the Western Channeled Scablands June 21-22 2008 Bruce Bjornstad #12;This field trip guide has been - 22 2008 Bruce Bjornstad Dry Falls and the Lower Grand Coulee #12;Introduction Ice Age floods were Age flood features is repro- duced from a previous field trips (Bjornstad 2004; Kiver and Bjornstad

31

Tacticycle A Tactile Display for Supporting Tourists on a Bicycle Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tacticycle ­ A Tactile Display for Supporting Tourists on a Bicycle Trip Benjamin Poppinga, Martin, tourists, exploration, bicycle 1. BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Going on a bicycle trip is a common leisure for bicycles used in touristic trips. Figure 1: A group of tourists on a bicycle trip on an island. In order

Boll, Susanne

32

Join HERO for an overnight trip to Portland Oregon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

no later than March 7. The discount code is HER for the HERO Basketball Trip Guestroom Block. Call or e-mail Fred Kelm, 372-1947or FredieRKelm@rl.gov to reserve and pay...

33

Causal models of trip replanning in TravTek  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The TravTek operational field test was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of route planning, route guidance and various navigational aiding modalities for Advanced Traveler Information Systems in ground vehicles. A causal network was constructed in order to achieve a better understanding of the dependencies among variables implicated in the replanning process. Causal inferences were modeled using path analysis techniques. The original Yoked Driver study reported that addition of real-time navigation planning did not increase trip efficiency during initial trip planning. Data mining of the relatively complete database revealed that the incidence of dynamic trip replanning was only 0.51% or 1 out of every 198 trips. Nevertheless, the replanning acceptance rate was 92.8%, suggesting that less conservative criteria might have been acceptable to drivers. Several points can be made based upon the path analysis techniques. Drivers who rejected better route offers were more likely to be male renters; rejected routes were apparently offered at earlier times with a lower predicted time savings and fewer maneuvers. Failure to accept a better route also apparently resulted in fewer wrong-turn deviations. Contrary to expectations, wrong-turn count and time loss appeared as semi-independent hubs in the resultant causal network. Implications of the path analysis are discussed. Proposals for in-vehicle information systems are formulated to increase driver participation as co-planner, and increase the likelihood that trip replanning will positively impact trip efficiency.

Schryver, J.C.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Fact #612: March 1, 2010 The Distance of Trips to Work | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1:Energy 2: March 1, 2010 The

35

UVM Outing Club Trip Logistics Planner All leadership teams taking out Outing Club trips need to complete this form. This is a working  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:_______________________________________________________ Leadership Role (Leader, Co-Leader, Apprentice):___________________ Does this trip contribute to your-Leader, Apprentice):___________________ Does this trip contribute to your leadership development process? Y N If so:_______________________________________________________ Leadership Role (Leader, Co-Leader, Apprentice):___________________ Does this trip contribute to your

Hayden, Nancy J.

36

A Computational-based Approach for the Design of Trip Steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to optimize the chemical composition as well as the heat treatment for improving the mechanical performance of the TRIP steel by employing the theoretical models. TRIP steel consists of the microstructure with ferrite...

Li, Sheng-Yen

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

37

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am...

38

Logistic regression models for predicting trip reporting accuracy in GPS-enhanced household travel surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a methodology for conducting logistic regression modeling of trip and household information obtained from household travel surveys and vehicle trip information obtained from global positioning systems (GPS) to better understand...

Forrest, Timothy Lee

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

39

Master thesis Spot Weldability of TRIP Steel with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

() Computational Metallurgy Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology Pohang University of Science and Technology Weldability of TRIP Steel with High Carbon, High Aluminium Content By Jung, Geunsu Computational Metallurgy for the degree of Master of Science in the Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology (Computational Metallurgy

Cambridge, University of

40

FALL 2012 TRIPS SEPT. 8 (Saturday) HIKE & SPLASH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

County. We have reserved the whole campground, so it should be a fun time. We will get there in time (Saturday) ( Beginner ­ Advanced) CLIMBING Kings Bluff, TN $22 Sign-up by: Friday, Sept. 14 Pre-Trip Meeting: Wednesday, 9/19 at 5:00 PM Wall climbers, it's time to try the "real thing"! Kings Bluff is a great location

Bordenstein, Seth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

SAFETY TRIP REPORT ON US-JAPAN EXCHANGE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAFETY TRIP REPORT ON US-JAPAN EXCHANGE PROGRAM (FuY 2007) #12;Report on the 12th Meeting of the Joint Working Group of the U.S.-Japan Coordinating Committee of Fusion Energy on Safety in Inter-Institutional Collaborations (U.S.-Japan Safety Monitoring Program) Meeting in Japan, March 9-22, 2008 #12;A. PURPOSE

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

42

SWAMP Project Trip report Quantification of Carbon Stocks and Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SWAMP Project Trip report Quantification of Carbon Stocks and Emissions from the Mangrove Forests University Corvallis, Oregon, USA. #12;2 1. Introduction Funding for this project came from a grant, Washington DC. This intensive study is part of the Sustainable Wetlands Adaptation and Mitigation Program

Tullos, Desiree

43

Control #15421 In this paper we present a method of optimally scheduling trips travelling down  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control #15421 SUMMARY In this paper we present a method of optimally scheduling trips travelling of trips as parameters and generates a schedule that maximizes the number of trips and determines when each schedule in which human interactions are minimized. Starting with a mathematically derived upper bound

Morrow, James A.

44

Understanding tourists on a bicycle trip "in the wild" Martin Pielot, Benjamin Poppinga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding tourists on a bicycle trip "in the wild" Martin Pielot, Benjamin Poppinga OFFIS the requirements analysis by con- ducting a survey and a field study to understand tourists on a bicycle trip. Both work we designed a pervasive navigation aid for tourists on a bicycle trip. At first, we aimed

Boll, Susanne

45

Analysis of reactor trips originating in balance of plant systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the results of an analysis of balance-of-plant (BOP) related reactor trips at commercial US nuclear power plants of a 5-year period, from January 1, 1984, through December 31, 1988. The study was performed for the Plant Systems Branch, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The objectives of the study were: to improve the level of understanding of BOP-related challenges to safety systems by identifying and categorizing such events; to prepare a computerized data base of BOP-related reactor trip events and use the data base to identify trends and patterns in the population of these events; to investigate the risk implications of BOP events that challenge safety systems; and to provide recommendations on how to address BOP-related concerns in regulatory context. 18 refs., 2 figs., 27 tabs.

Stetson, F.T.; Gallagher, D.W.; Le, P.T.; Ebert, M.W. (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Analysis of trip item non-response bias in the Houston-Galveston area council household travel surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 Trip Rate Comparisons Statistical Comparisons Coefficient of Variation Comparisons Expanded Trips Comparison . Expanded Vehicle Miles Traveled Comparison 27 42 47 69 72 CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Page 74 Conclusions... Recommendations 74 76 REFERENCES 78 VITA 80 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 The three basic trip types 2 The basic trip purpose categories . 3 The eight counties composing the Houston-Galveston Study Area 15 4 Comparison of mean trip rates suatified by age...

Gamble, Arthur F

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - america field trip Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tour 2012 You have heard of the immense biodiversity of Central America... banding and ecotourism activities. After travel to Nicaragua, the trip will start off in Finca de...

48

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Trip Prediction and Route-Based Vehicle Energy Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about trip prediction...

49

Trip rate comparison of workplace and household surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the surveys was used to plan for the design of the future transportation systems (&). Evolution of Surveys In a report by David T. Hartgen, the travel surveys were said to have evolved from the 1960's to the 1990's. In the 1960's, travel...(Jl, :PP', N! 3. 16, 'gl, '9~74, l)'j~ Person Trips per Household Telephone Mail Mail Brownsville Sherman-Denison T ler 1990 1991 1991 1. 43 1. 60 4. 18 4. 08 3. 04::, ''):. I. :. "I-4)I''a 3. 01 8. 62 2. 81 8. 49 15 Table 2. Comparisons...

Endres, Stephen Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

50

Long Valley Caldera Field Trip Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJuno Beach,October,Lighthouse SolarListLockhartLongTrip

51

d TRIP steel S. Chatterjee, M. Murugananth and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d TRIP steel S. Chatterjee, M. Murugananth and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* A combination of neural networks and genetic algorithms has been used to design a TRIP assisted steel in which the silicon concentration is kept low. In this context, the steel has a novel microstructure consisting of d ferrite

Cambridge, University of

52

DAMAGE MECHANISMS OF ULTRAHIGH STRENGTH STEELS IN BENDING APPLICATION TO A TRIP STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 DAMAGE MECHANISMS OF ULTRAHIGH STRENGTH STEELS IN BENDING APPLICATION TO A TRIP STEEL D. Rèche 1, the present study aims at understanding damage mechanisms involved in bending of Ultra High Strength Steels (UHSSs). It focuses on a TRansformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP)-aided steel. This work is based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

Suzuki, Masatsugu

54

IMPROVING THE ROBUSTNESS OF FUZZY LOGIC ATM ABR RATE CONTROL FOR LARGE ROUND TRIP TIMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVING THE ROBUSTNESS OF FUZZY LOGIC ATM ABR RATE CONTROL FOR LARGE ROUND TRIP TIMES Lachlan L in the presence of a large round trip time (RTT). A simple fuzzy logic controller was recently shown to perform. In recent years, fuzzy logic [4,5] has shown promise in the control of complex systems, and several fuzzy

Andrew, Lachlan

55

1 A MAXIMUM ENTROPY METHOD FOR SUBNETWORK ORIGIN-DESTINATION 2 TRIP MATRIX ESTIMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A MAXIMUM ENTROPY METHOD FOR SUBNETWORK ORIGIN-DESTINATION 2 TRIP MATRIX ESTIMATION 3 4 Chi Xie 5, maximum entropy, linearization 36 algorithm, column generation 37 #12;C. Xie, K.M. Kockelman and S is the trip matrix of the simplified network. This paper discusses a5 maximum entropy method

Kockelman, Kara M.

56

A maximum entropy-least squares estimator for elastic origin-destination trip matrix estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A maximum entropy-least squares estimator for elastic origin- destination trip matrix estimation propose a combined maximum entropy-least squares (ME-LS) estimator, by which O- D flows are distributed-destination trip table; elastic demand; maximum entropy; least squares; subnetwork analysis; convex combination

Kockelman, Kara M.

57

Thermo-mechanical behaviour of TRIP 1000 steel sheets subjected to low velocity perforation by conical projectiles at different temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the transformation kinetics of TRIP and dual phase steels has been analyzed by many researchers, for example Al are responsible for the deformation pro cess taking place in TRIP steels during and after the phase transforThermo-mechanical behaviour of TRIP 1000 steel sheets subjected to low velocity perforation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

58

An Exploration of Participant Motives and Motivational Tensions in Short-Term Medical Service Trips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short-term medical service trips (MSTs) are an increasingly popular, although not new, way for healthcare providers from high-income countries (HICs) to provide healthcare in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In ...

Sykes, Kevin James

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Microstructure-Based Computational Modeling of TRIP Steels with Dispersed Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this study. The ideas surrounding the behavior of transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steels and particle reinforced composites are combined and investigated. A finite element model (FEM) is created to investigate the effects of dispersed ceramic...

Diaz, Sara Cristina

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

60

Field trip guide to selected outcrops, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arbuckle Mountains, named for Brigadier General Matthew Arbuckle, are located in south-central Oklahoma. The formations that comprise the Arbuckle Mountains have been extensively studied for hydrocarbon source rock and reservoir rock characteristics that can be applied to the subsurface in the adjacent Anadarko and Ardmore basins. Numerous reports and guidebooks have been written concerning the Arbuckle Mountains. A few important general publications are provided in the list of selected references. The purpose of this handout is to provide general information on the geology of the Arbuckle Mountains and specific information on the four field trip stops, adapted from the literature. The four stops were at: (1) Sooner Rock and Sand Quarry; (2) Woodford Shale; (3) Hunton Anticline and Hunton Quarry; and (4) Tar Sands of Sulfur Area. As part of this report, two papers are included for more detail: Paleomagnetic dating of basinal fluid migration, base-metal mineralization, and hydrocarbon maturation in the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma and Laminated black shale-bedded chert cyclicity in the Woodford Formation, southern Oklahoma.

NONE

1991-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Trip report for field visit to Fayetteville Shale gas wells.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a visit to several gas well sites in the Fayetteville Shale on August 9, 2007. I met with George Sheffer, Desoto Field Manager for SEECO, Inc. (a large gas producer in Arkansas). We talked in his Conway, Arkansas, office for an hour and a half about the processes and technologies that SEECO uses. We then drove into the field to some of SEECO's properties to see first-hand what the well sites looked like. In 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) made several funding awards under a program called Low Impact Natural Gas and Oil (LINGO). One of the projects that received an award is 'Probabilistic Risk-Based Decision Support for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Facilities in Sensitive Ecosystems'. The University of Arkansas at Fayetteville has the lead on the project, and Argonne National Laboratory is a partner. The goal of the project is to develop a Web-based decision support tool that will be used by mid- and small-sized oil and gas companies as well as environmental regulators and other stakeholders to proactively minimize adverse ecosystem impacts associated with the recovery of gas reserves in sensitive areas. The project focuses on a large new natural gas field called the Fayetteville Shale. Part of the project involves learning how the natural gas operators do business in the area and the technologies they employ. The field trip on August 9 provided an opportunity to do that.

Veil, J. A.; Environmental Science Division

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

Functional design criteria for interim stabilization safety class 1 trip circuit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Functional Design Criteria document outlines the basic requirements for the Safety Class 1 Trip Circuit. The objective of the Safety Class 1 Trip Circuit is to isolate the power circuitry to the Class 1 Division 2, Group B or lesser grade electrically fed loads located in the pump pit. The electrically fed load circuits need to have power isolated to them upon receipt of the following conditions, loss of flammable gases being released (above a predetermined threshold), and seismic(greater than 0.12g acceleration) activity. The two circuits requiring power isolation are the pump and heat trace power circuits. The Safety Class 1 Trip Circuit will be used to support salt well pumping in SST`s containing potentially flammable gas-bearing / gas-producing radioactive waste.

Larson, R.E., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

Method and apparatus for optimizing a train trip using signal information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system is provided for operating a railway network including a first railway vehicle during a trip along track segments. The system includes a first element for determining travel parameters of the first railway vehicle, a second element for determining travel parameters of a second railway vehicle relative to the track segments to be traversed by the first vehicle during the trip, a processor for receiving information from the first and the second elements and for determining a relationship between occupation of a track segment by the second vehicle and later occupation of the same track segment by the first vehicle and an algorithm embodied within the processor having access to the information to create a trip plan that determines a speed trajectory for the first vehicle. The speed trajectory is responsive to the relationship and further in accordance with one or more operational criteria for the first vehicle.

Kumar, Ajith Kuttannair; Daum, Wolfgang; Otsubo, Tom; Hershey, John Erik; Hess, Gerald James

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

64

Non-equilibrium solidification and ferrite in d-TRIP steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-equilibrium solidification and ferrite in d-TRIP steel H. L. Yi1 , S. K. Ghosh1 , W. J. Liu1, designed on the basis of equilibrium to contain substantial amounts of d-ferrite, reveal zero or much transformation of d-ferrite into austenite occurs without the required partitioning of solutes

Cambridge, University of

65

Stabilisation of ferrite in hot rolled d-TRIP steel , K. Y. Lee2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stabilisation of ferrite in hot rolled d-TRIP steel H. L. Yi1 , K. Y. Lee2 and H. K. D. H of retained austenite present in association with bainitic ferrite. It has as its major microstructural component, dendrites of d-ferrite introduced during solidification. The d-ferrite replaces

Cambridge, University of

66

Acceptance test procedure for removal of CS1K circuit switcher block and trip schemes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This supporting document provides a detailed process to test the functions of the circuit switcher, protective relays, alarms, SCADA and 125VDC control logic of 115kV and 13.8kV systems at B3S4 substation following the removal of trip and blocking schemes to Transformer No.1 Circuit Switcher B594.

HACHE, J.M.

1999-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

OHIO STATE'S ISLAND CAMPUS ON LAKE ERIE Lake Erie Science Field Trip Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OHIO STATE'S ISLAND CAMPUS ON LAKE ERIE Lake Erie Science Field Trip Program STONE LABORATORY NATIONALOCEA NIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION U.S.D EPARTMENT OF COM M ERCE Y ! #12;Lake Erie Science Cruise to collect and observe Lake Erie fish. Laboratory Practice: Groups take their samples from the Science Cruise

68

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1" Bill Bottom 2 Alex Young 3 of conventional thermal (fossil fuel and nuclear), geo- thermal, wind and solar power plants. There are several be dependent on conventional thermal power plants to generate electricity. These power plants are powered

Standiford, Richard B.

69

Sambhav Nepal On this trip, we will be working with Sambhav Nepal.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sambhav Nepal On this trip, we will be working with Sambhav Nepal. Their current mission is to achieve grassroots reforms in educational and health infrastructure in the villages of Gorkha, Nepal, so is a government-run secondary school where you might be running classes. Sambhav Nepal has been running some

Blennerhassett, Peter

70

Take a quick trip around the experimental floor of the Lab's new light source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Take a quick trip around the experimental floor of Brookhaven Lab's new light source -- the $912-million National Synchrotron Light Source II. Construction of the facility is now over 70 percent completed. With much of the conventional construction done, accelerator and experimental components are being installed.

None

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

71

Google+ Virtual Field Trip on Vehicle Electrification at Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Don't miss this exclusive peek into the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory. Attendees will meet three researchers who will explain a different phase of vehicle electrification research. This field trip is very similar to the tou

72

Not Just a TRIP! Two Cases of Business Strategy and Economic Incentives to Patent in Beijing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Not Just a TRIP! Two Cases of Business Strategy and Economic Incentives to Patent in Beijing Senior! Corporate Strategies and National Incentives to Patent in Beijing ABSTRACT In order to explore the utilization of IP law in Beijing, I have conducted quantitative analyses of the propensity to patent (using

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

73

Performance of Fuzzy Logic ABR Rate Control with Large Round Trip Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance of Fuzzy Logic ABR Rate Control with Large Round Trip Times KUAN Su-Hsien and Lachlan L hip times (R`ITs), which can cause instability in control algorithms. A brief review of fuzzy logic of B recently pm- posed funy logic controller for ABR with a simple thresholdbased scheme in this case

Andrew, Lachlan

74

Field Trips Biosphere 2 ~ Where Science Lives! (9:30--4:00)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and their impacts on carbon, water, and energy cycling. The trip will continue to Oracle State Park (http, and sustainable ecosystem function provide additional topics for discussion. Traveling by van, our stops include), locations associated with the `virtual fence' SBInet, and the U.S. / Mexico border wall. We will also talk

75

PORT LIONS RURAL TRIP 2010, A. KAILING & L. WOOD Who are you? We are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PORT LIONS RURAL TRIP 2010, A. KAILING & L. WOOD Who are you? We are graduate students to and accommodate them. What did you learn? We learned that the Native population in Port Lions are Alutiiq visited Port Lions, a small village on the Northwest coast of Kodiak Island. What did you do? Amanda

Pantaleone, Jim

76

Spot weldability of d-TRIP steel containing , K. Y. Lee2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the strong dual phase steels,10,11 is large when compared with interstitial free or bake hardening steels in Table 1 according to the common standards.21­25 A dual phase steel DP-78026 has in this work been-TRIP steel, designed to retain d-ferrite as a stable phase at all temperatures below melting. Fully

Cambridge, University of

77

Commute trip reduction in Washington: Base year worksite characteristics and programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Employers in Washington`s eight most populous counties are engaged in an effort to reduce their employees` use of single occupant automobiles for commuting. This report documents the status of those employers at the beginning of the Commute Trip Reduction (CTR) program as a basis for evaluating the impacts of the program. The first section provides a brief exploration of the Washington CTR Law and a history of the first steps in its implementation. The second section presents a summary of the characteristics of the worksites affected by the law. The CTR Law calls for reductions in single occupant vehicle (SOV) commuting and in vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The third section of this report presents baseline measurements of SOV and VMT and goals for reducing them. The fourth section provides summary information on the first year of programs employers planned to implement. The final section very briefly outlines actions the Commute Trip Reduction law calls for between 1995 and 1999.

Dodds, D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

PAYMENT INFORMATION There are several fees that are part of participating in the DOC First Year Trips Program for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, provide organic cotton t-shirts for our participants, and use bio-diesel fuel for busses during Trips organic food during the program, provide organic cotton t-shirts for our participants, and use bio-diesel

Lotko, William

79

74 Home Power #23 June / July 1991 n my trips around the country testing photovoltaic systems and presenting seminars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

74 Home Power #23 · June / July 1991 n my trips around the country testing photovoltaic systems reliability, durability, safety, and cost. After the power leaves the utility distribution system, the NEC

Johnson, Eric E.

80

Method and apparatus for optimizing a train trip using signal information  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One embodiment of the invention includes a system for operating a railway network comprising a first railway vehicle (400) during a trip along track segments (401/412/420). The system comprises a first element (65) for determining travel parameters of the first railway vehicle (400), a second element (65) for determining travel parameters of a second railway vehicle (418) relative to the track segments to be traversed by the first vehicle during the trip, a processor (62) for receiving information from the first (65) and the second (65) elements and for determining a relationship between occupation of a track segment (401/412/420) by the second vehicle (418) and later occupation of the same track segment by the first vehicle (400) and an algorithm embodied within the processor (62) having access to the information to create a trip plan that determines a speed trajectory for the first vehicle (400), wherein the speed trajectory is responsive to the relationship and further in accordance with one or more operational criteria for the first vehicle (400).

Kumar, Ajith Kuttannair; Daum, Wolfgang; Otsubo, Tom; Hershey, John Erik; Hess, Gerald James

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Long working distance interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a long working distance interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. The long working distance of 10-30 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-D height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer. A well-matched pair of reference/sample objectives is not required, significantly reducing the cost of this microscope, as compared to a Linnik microinterferometer.

Sinclair, Michael B.; DeBoer, Maarten P.; Smith, Norman F.

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

82

Entropy distance: New quantum phenomena  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study a curve of Gibbsian families of complex 3 Multiplication-Sign 3-matrices and point out new features, absent in commutative finite-dimensional algebras: a discontinuous maximum-entropy inference, a discontinuous entropy distance, and non-exposed faces of the mean value set. We analyze these problems from various aspects including convex geometry, topology, and information geometry. This research is motivated by a theory of infomax principles, where we contribute by computing first order optimality conditions of the entropy distance.

Weis, Stephan [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Inselstr. 22, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany); Knauf, Andreas [Department of Mathematics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Cauerstr. 11, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C.Green River,The Secretary ofd ' . ,$! li

84

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C.Green River,The Secretary ofd ' . ,$! liSite

85

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCTTO: FILE FROM:DEC. i_ T,~,,...iU7,

86

Metrics and methods for social distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance measures are important for scientists because they illustrate the dynamics of geospatial topologies for physical and social processes. Two major types of distance are generally used for this purpose: Euclidean ...

Andris, Clio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

All majors in geology are required to complete GLY 4750 (Field Methods) which includes classroom lectures on Appalachian Geology, a nine day trip to the Southern Appalachians, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All majors in geology are required to complete GLY 4750 (Field Methods) which includes classroom lectures on Appalachian Geology, a nine day trip to the Southern Appalachians, and two oneday field trips geological data and interpretations, and requires the student to demonstrate proficiency in integrating

Fernandez, Eduardo

88

GenForecast(26yr)(avg).PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with BigGASIFICATIONGaussian onSLCA/IP Historical

89

Property:AvgGeoFluidTemp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthor Jump to: navigation,

90

Property:CommercialAvgRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation

91

Property:AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddress Jump to: navigation, search This is a

92

Property:IndustrialAvgRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation,PVYears Jump

93

Learner characteristics involved in distance learning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distance learning represents a strategy for leveraging resources to solve educational and training needs. Although many distance learning programs have been developed, lessons learned regarding differences between distance learning and traditional education with respect to learner characteristics have not been well documented. Therefore, we conducted a survey of 20 distance learning professionals. The questionnaire was distributed to experts attending the second Distance Learning Conference sponsored by Los Alamos National Laboratory. This survey not only acquired demographic information from each of the respondents but also identified important distance learning student characteristics. Significant distance learner characteristics, which were revealed statistically and which influence the effectiveness of distance learning, include the following: reading level, student autonomy, and self-motivation. Distance learning cannot become a more useful and effective method of instruction without identifying and recognizing learner characteristics. It will be important to consider these characteristics when designing all distance learning courses. This paper will report specific survey findings and their implications for developing distance learning courses. 9 refs., 6 tabs.

Cernicek, A.T.; Hahn, H.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

ON PULSAR DISTANCE MEASUREMENTS AND THEIR UNCERTAINTIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate distances to pulsars can be used for a variety of studies of the Galaxy and its electron content. However, most distance measures to pulsars have been derived from the absorption (or lack thereof) of pulsar emission by Galactic H I gas, which typically implies that only upper or lower limits on the pulsar distance are available. We present a critical analysis of all measured H I distance limits to pulsars and other neutron stars, and translate these limits into actual distance estimates through a likelihood analysis that simultaneously corrects for statistical biases. We also apply this analysis to parallax measurements of pulsars in order to obtain accurate distance estimates and find that the parallax and H I distance measurements are biased in different ways, because of differences in the sampled populations. Parallax measurements typically underestimate a pulsar's distance because of the limited distance to which this technique works and the consequential strong effect of the Galactic pulsar distribution (i.e., the original Lutz-Kelker bias), in H I distance limits, however, the luminosity bias dominates the Lutz-Kelker effect, leading to overestimated distances because the bright pulsars on which this technique is applicable are more likely to be nearby given their brightness.

Verbiest, J. P. W.; Lee, K. J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Weisberg, J. M.; Chael, A. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Carleton College, Northfield, MN 55057 (United States); Lorimer, D. R. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

95

"Climate change in Massachusetts: What would Henry say?" A field trip-based course for Fall 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Syllabus "Climate change in Massachusetts: What would Henry say?" A field trip-based course and animals of Massachusetts, and his records are now being used to document the reality of climate change. If Thoreau were alive today, he could readily observe the impacts of climate change and other human

Guenther, Frank

96

Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

clearly: "Why I want to be a Consulting Engineer". Creativity and presentation skills will be taken1 Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders of the Canadian consulting engineering industry! How It Works 1. Become a fan of the Association of Consulting

Thompson, Michael

97

Senate Trip to UCBA The Faculty Senate meeting and presentations by the UCBA Dean & Student Government President will  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Senate Trip to UCBA The Faculty Senate meeting and presentations by the UCBA Dean & Student:15 Presentation by Dean Cady Short Thompson 3:15 ­ 3:20 Presentation by UCBA Student Government President Corey Hampton 3:20 ­ 3:30 Break and opportunity to view multimedia presentations

Papautsky, Ian

98

Characterizing Walk Trips in communities by Using Data from 2009 National Household Travel Survey, American Community Survey, and Other Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-motorized travel (i.e. walking and bicycling) are of increasing interest to the transportation profession, especially in context with energy consumption, reducing vehicular congestion, urban development patterns, and promotion of healthier life styles. This research project aimed to identify factors impacting the amount of travel for both walk and bike trips at the Census block group or tract level, using several public and private data sources. The key survey of travel behavior is the 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) which had over 87,000 walk trips for persons 16 and over, and over 6000 bike trips for persons 16 and over. The NHTS, in conjunction with the Census Bureau s American Community Survey, street density measures using Census Bureau TIGER, WalkScore , Nielsen Claritas employment estimates, and several other sources were used for this study. Stepwise Logistic Regression modeling techniques as well as Discriminant Analysis were applied using the integrated data set. While the models performed reasonably well for walk trips, travel by bike was abandoned due to sparseness of data. This paper discusses data sources utilized and modeling processes conducted under this study. It also presents a summary of findings and addresses data challenges and lesson-learned from this research effort.

Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL] [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [Macrosys] [Macrosys; Wilson, Daniel W [ORNL] [ORNL; Murakami, Elaine [FHWA USDOT] [FHWA USDOT

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

TRACE/PARCS modelling of rips trip transients for Lungmen ABWR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this study are to examine the performances of the steady-state results calculated by the Lungmen TRACE/PARCS model compared to SIMULATE-3 code, as well as to use the analytical results of the final safety analysis report (FSAR) to benchmark the Lungmen TRACE/PARCS model. In this study, three power generation methods in TRACE were utilized to analyze the three reactor internal pumps (RIPs) trip transient for the purpose of validating the TRACE/PARCS model. In general, the comparisons show that the transient responses of key system parameters agree well with the FSAR results, including core power, core inlet flow, reactivity, etc. Further studies will be performed in the future using Lungmen TRACE/PARCS model. After the commercial operation of Lungmen nuclear power plant, TRACE/PARCS model will be verified. (authors)

Chang, C. Y. [Inst. of Nuclear Engineering and Science, National Tsing-Hua Univ., No.101, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, H. T.; Wang, J. R. [Inst. of Nuclear Energy Research, No. 1000, Wenhua Rd., Longtan Township, Taoyuan County 32546, Taiwan (China); Shih, C. [Inst. of Nuclear Engineering and Science, Dept. of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua Univ., No.101, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Optical distance measurement device and method thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.

Bowers, Mark W. (Patterson, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste and other land uses. The regulations require an...

102

11-08-10 7:28 AMSouth Africa trip gives students hope -Canstar Page 1 of 3http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?expire=&title=South+Afric...es%2Fsouwester%2FSouth-Africa-trip-gives-students-hope-127332108.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11-08-10 7:28 AMSouth Africa trip gives students hope - Canstar Page 1 of 3http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?expire=&title=South right) are among the students pictured during a recent visit to South Africa. A police officer's desire for social justice!prompted a recent trip to South Africa to learn about racial segregation and living

Martin, Jeff

103

Knots and Minimum Distance Energy Rosanna Speller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knots and Minimum Distance Energy Rosanna Speller (Dated: May 11, 2008) Professor Elizabeth Denne have least Minimum Distance Energy. I previously showed that the energy is minimized for convex polygons. We hope relating the energy to chords of polygons will be a helpful step towards showing

Denne, Elizabeth

104

THE EXTRAGALACTIC DISTANCE SCALE WITHOUT CEPHEIDS. IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cepheid period-luminosity relation is the primary distance indicator used in most determinations of the Hubble constant. The tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) is an alternative basis. Using the new Australian National University (ANU) SkyMapper Telescope, we calibrate the Tully-Fisher relation in the I band. We find that the TRGB and Cepheid distance scales are consistent.

Hislop, Lachlan; Mould, Jeremy [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Vic 3010 (Australia); Schmidt, Brian; Bessell, Michael S.; Da Costa, Gary; Francis, Paul; Keller, Stefan; Tisserand, Patrick; Rapoport, Sharon; Casey, Andy, E-mail: jmould@unimelb.edu.au, E-mail: brian@mso.anu.edu.au [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

National Wind Distance Learning Collaborative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary The energy development assumptions identified in the Department of Energy's position paper, 20% Wind Energy by 2030, projected an exploding demand for wind energy-related workforce development. These primary assumptions drove a secondary set of assumptions that early stage wind industry workforce development and training paradigms would need to undergo significant change if the workforce needs were to be met. The current training practice and culture within the wind industry is driven by a relatively small number of experts with deep field experience and knowledge. The current training methodology is dominated by face-to-face, classroom based, instructor present training. Given these assumptions and learning paradigms, the purpose of the National Wind Distance Learning Collaborative was to determine the feasibility of developing online learning strategies and products focused on training wind technicians. The initial project scope centered on (1) identifying resources that would be needed for development of subject matter and course design/delivery strategies for industry-based (non-academic) training, and (2) development of an appropriate Learning Management System (LMS). As the project unfolded, the initial scope was expanded to include development of learning products and the addition of an academic-based training partner. The core partners included two training entities, industry-based Airstreams Renewables and academic-based Lake Area Technical Institute. A third partner, Vision Video Interactive, Inc. provided technology-based learning platforms (hardware and software). The revised scope yielded an expanded set of results beyond the initial expectation. Eight learning modules were developed for the industry-based Electrical Safety course. These modules were subsequently redesigned and repurposed for test application in an academic setting. Software and hardware developments during the project's timeframe enabled redesign providing for student access through the use of tablet devices such as iPads. Early prototype Learning Management Systems (LMS) featuring more student-centric access and interfaces with emerging social media were developed and utilized during the testing applications. The project also produced soft results involving cross learning between and among the partners regarding subject matter expertise, online learning pedagogy, and eLearning technology-based platforms. The partners believe that the most significant, overarching accomplishment of the project was the development and implementation of goals, activities, and outcomes that significantly exceeded those proposed in the initial grant application submitted in 2009. Key specific accomplishments include: (1) development of a set of 8 online learning modules addressing electrical safety as it relates to the work of wind technicians; (3) development of a flexible, open-ended Learning Management System (LMS): (3) creation of a robust body of learning (knowledge, experience, skills, and relationships). Project leaders have concluded that there is substantial resource equity that could be leverage and recommend that it be carried forward to pursue a Next Stage Opportunity relating to development of an online core curriculum for institute and community college energy workforce development programs.

Dr. James B. Beddow

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

106

FY94 CAG trip reports, CAG memos and other products: Volume 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) of the US DOE is tasked with designing, constructing, and operating an Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The purpose of the YMP is to provide detailed characterization of the Yucca Mountain site for the potential mined geologic repository for permanent disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Detailed characterization of properties of the site are to be conducted through a wide variety of short-term and long-term in-situ tests. Testing methods require the installation of a large number of test instruments and sensors with a variety of functions. These instruments produce analog and digital data that must be collected, processed, stored, and evaluated in an attempt to predict performance of the repository. The Integrated Data and Control System (IDCS) is envisioned as a distributed data acquisition that electronically acquires and stores data from these test instruments. IDCS designers are responsible for designing and overseeing the procurement of the system, IDCS Operation and Maintenance operates and maintains the installed system, and the IDCS Data Manager is responsible for distribution of IDCS data to participants. This report is a compilation of trip reports, interoffice memos, and other memos relevant to Computer Applications Group, Inc., work on this project.

NONE

1994-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

EUCLIDEAN DISTANCE MATRIX COMPLETION PROBLEMS June ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 6, 2010 ... distances between hydrogen atoms that are closer than 3.5 . The problems were gen- erated by taking fragments consisting of the first 20, 40,...

2010-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Luminosity Distance in Perturbed FLRW Spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive an expression for the luminosity distance in FLRW spacetimes affected by scalar perturbations. Our expression is complete to linear order and is expressed entirely in terms of standard cosmological parameters and observational quantities. We illustrate the result by calculating the RMS scatter in the usual luminosity distance in flat (Omega_m,Omega_Lambda) = (1.0,0.0) and (0.3,0.7) cosmologies. In both cases the scatter is appreciable at high redshifts, and rises above 11% at z = 2, where it may be the dominant noise term in the Hubble diagram based on SN Ia.

Ted Pyne; Mark Birkinshaw

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

109

Geodesic distances in Liouville quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to study the quantum geometry of random surfaces in Liouville gravity, we propose a definition of geodesic distance associated to a Gaussian free field on a regular lattice. This geodesic distance is used to numerically determine the Hausdorff dimension associated to shortest cycles of 2d quantum gravity on the torus coupled to conformal matter fields, showing agreement with a conjectured formula by Y. Watabiki. Finally, the numerical tools are put to test by quantitatively comparing the distribution of lengths of shortest cycles to the corresponding distribution in large random triangulations.

Jan Ambjorn; Timothy Budd

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

110

Distances toDistances to HVCsHVCs usingusing blue horizontal branch starsblue horizontal branch stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)(Wisconsin) ElseElse StarkenburgStarkenburg ((KapteynKapteyn Lab)Lab) Lucy Frey (Case)Lucy Frey (Case) andand)Mario Mateo (Michigan) Heather Morrison (Case)Heather Morrison (Case) John Norris (MSSSO)John Norris (MSSSODan OravetzOravetz, Lucy Frey (Case), Lucy Frey (Case) #12;Distances are important:Distances are important

Peletier, Reynier

111

TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND ALTRUISM: ROLE OF POWER DISTANCE IN A HIGH POWER DISTANCE CULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a sample of 105 manager-subordinate dyads from a high power distance culture, the effects of power distance and transformational leadership on follower altruism were studied. Findings show a significant positive relationship between power distance and transformational leadership and between transformational leadership and follower altruism. The dimensions on which cultures differ have been identified earlier (Hofstede, 1980). The objective of this study is to look at the effect of a dimension on other variables, in a culture that is high on that dimension. Our contention is that in cultures that score high on the power distance dimension of Hofstede (1980) model, if managers maintain a high power distance between themselves and their followers, their transformational leadership would be enhanced, and transformational leadership in turn will enhance altruistic behavior of followers. Merely knowing the dimensions on which cultures differ is not enough. That knowledge has to be used to predict how an alignment with that dimension would affect other variables.

Ankush Punj; Venkat R. Krishnan

112

Nucleon - Nucleon Interactions at Short Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite the progress made in understanding the NN interactions at long distances based on effective field theories, the understanding of the dynamics of short range NN interactions remains as elusive as ever. One of the most fascinating properties of short range interaction is its repulsive nature which is responsible for the stability of strongly interacting matter. The relevant distances, $\\le 0.5$ fm, in this case are such that one expects the onset of quark-gluon degrees of freedom with interaction being dominated by QCD dynamics. We review the current status of the understanding of the QCD dynamics of NN interactions at short distances, highlight outstanding questions and outline the theoretical foundation of QCD description of hard NN processes. We present examples of how the study of the hard elastic NN interaction can reveal the symmetry structure of valence quark component of the nucleon wave function and how the onset of pQCD regime is correlated with the onset of color transparency phenomena in hard $pp$ scattering in the nuclear medium. The discussions show how the new experimental facilities can help to advance the knowledge about the QCD nature of nuclear forces at short distances.

Misak M Sargsian

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

113

Segmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recognition from fuzzy regions. Keywords: Segmentation, Fuzzy region, Watershed, Color image, TopographicSegmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance SYLVIE PHILIPP­FOLIGUET 1 MARCELO@dcc.ufmg.br, arnaldo@dcc.ufmg.br 3 Supported by CAPES. Abstract. This paper exposes an algorithm that leads to a fuzzy

Philipp-Foliguet, Sylvie

114

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis Bradley Marchand and Naoki Saito Abstract in time and frequency. Its goal, given Bradley Marchand Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City Division, e-mail: bradley.marchand@navy.mil Naoki Saito Department of Mathematics, University of California

Saito, Naoki

115

Sensor Network Localization, Euclidean Distance Matrix ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

paper is to view SNL as a (nearest) Euclidean Distance Matrix, EDM, completion problem that ... simply corresponds to a given fixed clique for the graph of the EDM problem. We next ...... The tests were done using MATLAB 7.4. The method for...

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

Estimation of Evolutionary Distance between Nucleotide Sequences'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Evolutionary Distance between Nucleotide Sequences' Fumio Tajima and Masatoshi Nei University of Texas at Houston A mathematical formula for estimating the average number of nucleotide sub rates of substitution among different nucleotide pairs. Although this formula is obtained for the equal

Nei, Masatoshi

117

GRID Technologies => `Education' = `Distance Michalis Xenos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRID Technologies => `Education' = `Distance Education' Michalis Xenos 1,2 , Bill Vassiliadis 1 possibilities that Grid technologies create in education, presents current learning paradigms and makes a prediction about the way in which Grid technologies may affect the future of education. The case

Boyer, Edmond

118

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

119

Metrics for measuring distances in configuration spaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to characterize molecular structures we introduce configurational fingerprint vectors which are counterparts of quantities used experimentally to identify structures. The Euclidean distance between the configurational fingerprint vectors satisfies the properties of a metric and can therefore safely be used to measure dissimilarities between configurations in the high dimensional configuration space. In particular we show that these metrics are a perfect and computationally cheap replacement for the root-mean-square distance (RMSD) when one has to decide whether two noise contaminated configurations are identical or not. We introduce a Monte Carlo approach to obtain the global minimum of the RMSD between configurations, which is obtained from a global minimization over all translations, rotations, and permutations of atomic indices.

Sadeghi, Ali, E-mail: ali.sadeghi@unibas.ch; Ghasemi, S. Alireza; Schaefer, Bastian; Mohr, Stephan; Goedecker, Stefan [Department of Physics, Universitt Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland)] [Department of Physics, Universitt Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Lill, Markus A. [Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] [Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

120

Case study: copyright issues in distance education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and more elaborate organizational patterns. These issues not only make more difficult the question of who is entitled to claim ownership of materials designed for distance education; they also raise questions about the appropriate distribution... are blurred regarding copyrights and legal ownership. The incorporation of the Internet presents further questions of who owns the property, and even could suggest that multiple individuals or entities could claim part- ownership if the right parties so...

Huddleston, Michael B

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Distance Education Programs and Courses, March 2012, Page 1 of 3 Approvals for Distance Education Programs and Courses Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Education Programs and Courses, March 2012, Page 1 of 3 Approvals for Distance Education Programs and Courses ­ Overview Definition of Distance Education. The relevant definitions Department of Education. The Commission defines a distance or correspondence education program as one

Sheridan, Jennifer

122

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition of military and technological (for instance, one  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition and execution of peacekeeping and other non classified operations (indeed, Sweden has troops in Afghanistan and The Congo today; they lead the Baltic MDA effort). Sweden's relatively small size makes them forward leaning

124

Rank Distance Bicodes and their Generalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This book has four chapters. In chapter one we just recall the notion of RD codes, MRD codes, circulant rank codes and constant rank codes and describe their properties. In chapter two we introduce few new classes of codes and study some of their properties. In this chapter we introduce the notion of fuzzy RD codes and fuzzy RD bicodes. Rank distance m-codes are introduced in chapter three and the property of m-covering radius is analysed. Chapter four indicates some applications of these new classes of codes.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; N. Suresh Babu; R. S. Selvaraj

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

125

Beyond Kennicott : perceptions of threshold, conceptions of distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Threshold: The thesis explores descriptions of threshold. Threshold is not an ordinary space. It relates to the here and the there and the understanding of distance. It is the phenomena of distance, no matter how close ...

Bull, Steven Keith

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar February 2, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of...

127

GEODESIC FRCHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEODESIC FR?CHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV Carola Wenk Abstract We present the first algorithm to compute the geodesic Fréchet distance between two polygonal curves in a plane of from a point source). This shortest path map supports geodesic distance queries from any point s ab

Texas at San Antonio, University of

128

Homogeneity and Monotonicity of Distance-Rationalizable Voting Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2.11 [Distributed Artificial Intelligence]: Multiagent Systems; I.2.4 [Knowledge representation is that of votewise distances [12], which "lift" distances over individual votes to distances over entire elections and analysis of multiagent systems [13]. However, voting procedures that have been developed for human

Elkind, Edith

129

Ionized Hydrogen at Large Galactocentric Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize recent attempts to detect warm ionized gas at large galactocentric distances. This includes searching for gas at the edges of spirals, in between cluster galaxies, towards extragalactic HI clouds, and towards high velocity clouds and the Magellanic Stream in the Galaxy. With the exception of extragalactic HI clouds, all of these experiments have proved successful. Within each class, we have only observed a handful of objects. It is premature to assess what fraction of the missing baryonic mass fraction might be in the form of ionized gas. But, in most cases, the detections provide a useful constraint on the ambient ionizing flux, and in the case of spiral edges, can even trace dark matter haloes out to radii beyond the reach of radio telescopes.

J. Bland-Hawthorn

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Testing the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model independent method to test the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age, assuming the distance duality relation. We use type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, and observational Hubble data, to reconstruct the luminosity distance D_L(z), the angle averaged distance D_V(z) and the Hubble rate H(z), using Gaussian processes regression technique. We obtain estimate of the distance duality relation in the redshift range 0.1

Nair, Remya; Jain, Deepak

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

1993 International conference on nuclear waste management and environmental remediation, Prague, Czech Republic, September 5--11, 1993. Combined foreign trip report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the trip was to attend the 1993 International Conference on Nuclear Waste Management and Environmental Remediation. The principal objective of this conference was to facilitate a truly international exchange of information on the management of nuclear wastes as well as contaminated facilities and sites emanating from nuclear operations. The conference was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Czech and Slovak Mechanical Engineering Societies, and the Czech and Slovak Nuclear Societies in cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the OECD Nuclear Agency. The conference was cosponsored by the American Nuclear Society, the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, the Canadian Nuclear Society, the (former USSR) Nuclear Society, and the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. This was the fourth in a series of biennial conferences, which started in Hong Kong, in 1987. This report summarizes shared aspects of the trip; however, each traveler`s observations and recommendations are reported separately.

Slate, S.C. [comp.; Allen, R.E. [ed.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Analysis of the Peach Bottom Turbine Trip 2 Experiment by Coupled RELAP5-PARCS Three-Dimensional Codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thanks to continuous progress in computer technology, it is now possible to perform best-estimate simulations of complex scenarios in nuclear power plants. This method is carried out through the coupling of three-dimensional (3-D) neutron modeling of a reactor core into system codes. It is particularly appropriate for transients that involve strong interactions between core neutronics and reactor loop thermal hydraulics. For this purpose, the Peach Bottom boiling water reactor turbine trip test was selected to challenge the capability of such coupled codes. The test is characterized by a power excursion induced by rapid core pressurization and a self-limiting course behavior. In order to perform the closest simulation, the coupled thermal-hydraulic system code RELAP5 and 3-D neutron kinetic code PARCS were used. The obtained results are compared to those available from experimental data. Overall, the coupled code calculations globally predict the most significant observed aspects of the transient, such as the pressure wave amplitude across the core and the power course, with an acceptable agreement. However, sensitivity studies revealed that more-accurate code models should be considered in order to better match the void dynamic and the cross-section variations during transient conditions.

Bousbia-Salah, Anis [Universita di Pisa (Italy); Vedovi, Juswald [Pennsylvania State University (United States); D'Auria, Francesco [Universita di Pisa (Italy); Ivanov, Kostadin [Pennsylvania State University (United States); Galassi, Giorgio [Universita di Pisa (Italy)

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Geodesic Distance in Fisher Information Space and Holographic Entropy Formula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short note, we examine geodesic distance in Fisher information space in which the metric is defined by the entanglement entropy in CFT_(1+1). It is obvious in this case that the geodesic distance at a constant time is a function of the entropy data embedded into the information space. In a special case, the geodesic equation can be solved analytically, and we find that the distance agrees well with the Ryu-Takayanagi formula. Then, we can understand how the distance looks at the embeded quantum information. The result suggests that the Fisher metric is an efficient tool for constructing the holographic spacetime.

Hiroaki Matsueda

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

134

Geodesic Distance in Planar Graphs: An Integrable Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the enumeration of planar graphs using bijections with suitably decorated trees, which allow for keeping track of the geodesic distances between faces of the graph. The corresponding generating functions obey non-linear recursion relations on the geodesic distance. These are solved by use of stationary multi-soliton tau-functions of suitable reductions of the KP hierarchy. We obtain a unified formulation of the (multi-) critical continuum limit describing large graphs with marked points at large geodesic distances, and obtain integrable differential equations for the corresponding scaling functions. This provides a continuum formulation of two-dimensional quantum gravity, in terms of the geodesic distance.

P. Di Francesco

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

adolescent female distance: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

distance 26 Female Leadership Raises Aspirations and Educational Attainment for Girls: A Policy Experiment in India MIT - DSpace Summary: Exploiting a randomized natural...

136

Parallel algorithms for approximation of distance maps on parametric surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results demonstrate up to four orders of magnitude improvement in execution time compared to the state(n) numerical algorithm for first-order approximation of geodesic distances on geometry images, where n charts, parallel algorithms, GPU, SIMD 1. INTRODUCTION Approximation of geodesic distances on curved

Kimmel, Ron

137

A novel molecular index for secondary oil migration distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

migration distances from source rocks to reservoirs can greatly help in the search for new petroleum and correlates solely with migration distance from source rock to reservoir. Case studies serve to demonstrate alteration of buried organic matter in source rocks, followed by oil expulsion (primary migration) out

Wang, Yang

138

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances? John Aldo Lee, Michel Verleysen,verleysen}@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract. Recent papers have clearly shown the advantage of using the geodesic distance instead strongly crumpled manifolds have to be un- folded. Nevertheless, neither the Euclidean nor the geodesic

Verleysen, Michel

139

Distance Spectrum Analysis of Third Generation Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Turbo Codes are a class of powerful error correction codes that were introduced in 1993 by a group of researchers from France, which has the performance near the limit of Claude Shannon. After the introduction of turbo codes it has given raise a tremendous research work related to the new coding theory. This paper addresses the performance of Turbo codes by examining the codes distance spectrum. It is well known that error floor occurs in the performance curve of turbo codes at moderate to high signal-to-noise ratio. The cause of error floor is due to the relatively low free distance of the codewords. Several techniques were proposed by researchers to lower the error floor. These techniques are assessed in this paper. To determine the free distance several algorithms were developed by different researchers. In this paper we used one of the recent algorithm to evaluate the distance spectrum of Turbo codes. We concentrate our analysis to measure and explain the distance spectrum of UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System), cdma2000 and CCSDS (Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems) standards Turbo Codes. It is shown that the distance spectrum depends on the code rate, interleaver size and the interleaver type.This distance spectrum of turbo codes can be used to estimate its performance at medium to higher SNR (signal to noise ratio). From our analysis we find out that the distance spectrum is one of the elementary issues using which one can find the optimum architecture of Turbo codes for specific application.

unknown authors

140

Pet Video Chat: Monitoring and Interacting with Dogs over Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pet Video Chat: Monitoring and Interacting with Dogs over Distance Abstract Companies are now making video-communication systems that allow pet owners to see, and, in some cases, even interact with their pets when they are separated by distance. Such `doggie cams' show promise, yet it is not clear how pet

Golbeck, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Homogeneity and Monotonicity of Distance-Rationalizable Voting Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that can be used for this purpose is that of votewise distances [EFS10b], which "lift" distances over, social choice theory emerges as an important tool in the design and analysis of multiagent systems [ER97 for artificial agents and vice versa. For instance, there are voting rules (such as, e.g., single transferable

Slinko, Arkadii

142

Distance Metric Learning for Large Margin Nearest Neighbor Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Metric Learning for Large Margin Nearest Neighbor Classification Kilian Q. Weinberger}@cis.upenn.edu Abstract We show how to learn a Mahanalobis distance metric for k-nearest neigh- bor (kNN) classification in kNN classification--for example, achieving a test error rate of 1.3% on the MNIST handwritten digits

Weinberger, Kilian

143

Ris-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large wind farms offshore - study Sten Frandsen. As it is often the need for offshore wind farms, the model handles a regular array-geometry with straight rows distance between large wind farms in the offshore environment. The main results are given in Section 1

144

Trip to China  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7Department of EnergyDepartmentTribe's7

145

The distortion of cognitive distance in outdoor recreation travel decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While many studies have looked at the effect of various factors on cognitive distance, interactional effects of two or more factors have not been examined. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of information exposure...

Chang, Yu-Min

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Distance-dependent radiation chemistry: Oxidation versus hydrogenation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxidation of CO in layered H2OCOH2O ices was investigated with infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) as function of the distance of the CO layer from the...

147

A Media Player for Use in Distance Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a media player for use in distance education. The player can incorporate several time-indexed sources, including video, audio, PowerPoint, and text index. We have converted all the SMA 5503 Introduction ...

Huang, Kai

148

TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...

Zsom, Andras

149

Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance...

Kumar, Santosh

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - avg process Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratories Collection: Mathematics ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 79 Hydrothermal venting and basin evolution (Devonian, South China): Constraints from rare...

151

Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgConsumed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo

152

Property:AvgTempGeoFluidIntoPlant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddress Jump to: navigation, search This is

153

Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddress JumpFloorAreaTotal JumpOid

154

Ionization distances of multiply charged Rydberg ions approaching solid surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ionization distances R{sub c}{sup I} as well as the ionization rates and eigenenergies of one-electron multiply charged Rydberg ions (core charge Z>>1, principal quantum number n>>1) approaching solid surfaces are calculated. Within the framework of a nonperturbative etalon equation method (EEM), these quantities are obtained simultaneously. The complex energy eigenvalue problem for the decaying eigenstates is solved within the critical region R{approx_equal}R{sub c}{approx_equal}R{sub c}{sup I} of the ion-surface distances R. This region is characterized by the energy terms localized in the vicinity of the top of an effective potential barrier, created between the ion and polarized solid. We take into account that the parabolic symmetry is preserved for R{approx_equal}R{sub c} and that the parabolic quantum numbers can be taken as approximate but sufficiently good quantum numbers. The parabolic rates, energies, and corresponding ionization distances are presented in relatively simple analytical forms. The ionization distances are compared with the results of a classical overbarrier model. Comparison of the obtained energies and rates with the available theoretical predictions of the coupled angular mode method shows good agreement. The use of the EEM for an estimation of the upper limit of the first neutralization distance in the subsequent neutralization cascade is briefly discussed.

Nedeljkovic, Lj. D.; Nedeljkovic, N. N.; Bozanic, D. K. [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 368, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, P.O. Box 522, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evidence against correlations between nuclear decay rates and Earth-Sun distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distance of the source to the Sun. This work was supportedNuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance Eric B. Normanand 241 Am and the Earth-Sun distance. We find no evidence

Norman, Eric B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Gravitational lensing and the angular-diameter distance relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the usual relation between redshift and angular-diameter distance can be obtained by considering light from a source to be gravitationally lensed by material that lies in the telescope beam as it passes from source to observer through an otherwise empty universe. This derivation yields an equation for the dependence of angular diameter on redshift in an inhomogeneous universe. We use this equation to model the distribution of angular-diameter distance for redshift z=3 in a realistically clustered cosmology. The distribution is such that attempts to determine q_0 from angular-diameter distances will systematically underestimate q_0 by ~0.15, and large samples would be required to beat down the intrinsic dispersion in measured values of q_0.

Fedja Hadrovic; James Binney

1997-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

157

Distances and Metallicities of High- and Intermediate-Velocity Clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A table is presented that summarizes published absorption line measurements for the high- and intermediate velocity clouds (HVCs and IVCs). New values are derived for N(HI) in the direction of observed probes, in order to arrive at reliable abundances and abundance limits (the HI data are described in Paper II). Distances to stellar probes are revisited and calculated consistently, in order to derive distance brackets or limits for many of the clouds, taking care to properly interpret non-detections. The main conclusions are the following. 1) Absolute abundances have been measured using lines of SII, NI and OI, with the following resulting values: ~0.1 solar for one HVC (complex C), ~0.3 solar for the Magellanic Stream, ~0.5 solar for a southern IVC, and ~ solar for two northern IVCs (the IV Arch and LLIV Arch). Finally, approximate values in the range 0.5-2 solar are found for three more IVCs. 2) Depletion patterns in IVCs are like those in warm disk or halo gas. 3) Most distance limits are based on strong UV lines of CII, SiII and MgII, a few on CaII. Distance limits for major HVCs are >5 kpc, while distance brackets for several IVCs are in the range 0.5-2 kpc. 4) Mass limits for major IVCs are 0.5-8x10^5 M_sun, but for major HVCs they are >10^6 M_sun. 5) The CaII/HI ratio varies by up to a factor 2-5 within a single cloud, somewhat more between clouds. 6) The NaIHI ratio varies by a factor >10 within a cloud, and even more between clouds. Thus, CaII can be useful for determining both lower and upper distance limits, but NaI only yields upper limits.

B. P. Wakker

2001-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

158

The minimum distance of classical and quantum turbo-codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of quantum stabilizer turbo-encoders with unbounded minimum distance. This theory is presented under a framework common to both classical and quantum turbo-encoding theory. The main conditions to have an unbounded minimum distance are that the inner seed encoder has to be recursive, and either systematic or with a totally recursive truncated decoder. This last condition has been introduced in order to obtain a theory viable in the quantum stabilizer case, since it was known that in this case the inner seed encoder could not be recursive and systematic in the same time.

Abbara, Mamdouh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The minimum distance of classical and quantum turbo-codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of quantum stabilizer turbo-encoders with unbounded minimum distance. This theory is presented under a framework common to both classical and quantum turbo-encoding theory. The main conditions to have an unbounded minimum distance are that the inner seed encoder has to be recursive, and either systematic or with a totally recursive truncated decoder. This last condition has been introduced in order to obtain a theory viable in the quantum stabilizer case, since it was known that in this case the inner seed encoder could not be recursive and systematic in the same time.

Mamdouh Abbara; Jean-Pierre Tillich

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

SwedNanoTech and Business Sweden is organizing a partnering mission to Asia in September 2013. The trip is arranged especially for Swedish companies and researchers within the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in sustainable development, life sciences and energy. The aim of the trip is to promote Swedish researchSwedNanoTech and Business Sweden is organizing a partnering mission to Asia in September 2013 11th - 13th. The number of participants is limited to 15 people. SwedNanoTech and Business Sweden

Lagergren, Jens

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Analysis of the OECD/NRC BWR Turbine Trip Transient Benchmark with the Coupled Thermal-Hydraulics and Neutronics Code TRAC-M/PARCS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of the Peach Bottom Unit 2 Turbine Trip 2 (TT2) experiment has been performed using the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission coupled thermal-hydraulics and neutronics code TRAC-M/PARCS. The objective of the analysis was to assess the performance of TRAC-M/PARCS on a BWR transient with significance in two-phase flow and spatial variations of the neutron flux. TRAC-M/PARCS results are found to be in good agreement with measured plant data for both steady-state and transient phases of the benchmark. Additional analyses of four fictitious extreme scenarios are performed to provide a basis for code-to-code comparisons and comprehensive testing of the thermal-hydraulics/neutronics coupling. The obtained results of sensitivity studies on the effect of direct moderator heating on transient simulation indicate the importance of this modeling aspect.

Lee, Deokjung [Purdue University (United States); Downar, Thomas J. [Purdue University (United States); Ulses, Anthony [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States); Akdeniz, Bedirhan [Pennsylvania State University (United States); Ivanov, Kostadin N. [Pennsylvania State University (United States)

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Development of the table of initial isolation distances and protective action distances for the 2004 emergency response guidebook.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides technical documentation for values in the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (PADs) in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2004). The objective for choosing the PADs specified in the ERG2004 is to balance the need to adequately protect the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances against the risks and expenses that could result from overreacting to a spill. To quantify this balance, a statistical approach is adopted, whereby the best available information is used to conduct an accident scenario analysis and develop a set of up to 1,000,000 hypothetical incidents. The set accounts for differences in containers types, incident types, accident severity (i.e., amounts released), locations, times of day, times of year, and meteorological conditions. Each scenario is analyzed using detailed emission rate and atmospheric dispersion models to calculate the downwind chemical concentrations from which a 'safe distance' is determined. The safe distance is defined as the distance downwind from the source at which the chemical concentration falls below health protection criteria. The American Industrial Hygiene Association's Emergency Response Planning Guideline Level 2 (ERPG-2) or equivalent is the health criteria used. The statistical sample of safe distance values for all incidents considered in the analysis are separated into four categories: small spill/daytime release, small spill/nighttime release, large spill/daytime release, and large spill/nighttime release. The 90th-percentile safe distance values for each of these groups became the PADs that appear in the ERG2004.

Brown, D. F.; Freeman, W. A.; Carhart, R. A.; Krumpolc, M.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois at Chicago

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

163

Free Energy Surfaces from Single-Distance Information Philipp Schuetz,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Surfaces from Single-Distance Information Philipp Schuetz, Rene´ Wuttke, Benjamin We propose a network-based method for determining basins and barriers of complex free energy surfaces for the iterative determination of individual basins by the minimum-cut-based free energy profile, a barrier

Caflisch, Amedeo

164

Adaptive matrix distances aiming at optimum regression subspaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with distances of the associated target space. The formalism of multivariate subspace regression (MSR) is based space, such as linear discriminant analysis (LDA) for dis- crete class labels [3], generalized linear.strickert@uni-siegen.de Abstract. A new supervised adaptive metric approach is introduced for mapping an input vector space

Blanz, Volker

165

Secure Hamming Distance Based Computation and Its Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Hamming Distance Based Computation and Its Applications Ayman Jarrous and Benny Pinkas University of Haifa Abstract. This paper examines secure two-party computation of func- tions which depend for computing these functions. In particular, we present protocols which are secure in the sense of full

Pinkas, Benny

166

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008 Call for Nominations: Provost's Prize for Teaching with Technology Eligibility: Candidates must be a tenure-track or non's Prize for Teaching with Technology will be awarded to up to two recipients. Each recipient will receive

Southern California, University of

167

Influence of center distance on high harmonic generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nonlinear ionization with accompanied photorecombination on closely located center has been considered. The radiation spectrum has been calculated in the frame of the Lewenstein-Corkum approach. The dependence of radiation on the distance between ionization point and the recombination center, and the frequency and laser field strength has been investigated.

Golovinski, P A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Exploiting the BandwidthDistance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(UWASNs) may also be augmented with autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs); for example, this unmanned1 Exploiting the BandwidthDistance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks Paolo Casari consumption, and transmission delay in a Underwater Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network (UWASN). We compare

Stojanovic, Milica

169

A Formal Approach to Distance-Bounding RFID Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kasper2 Cristina Onete1 1 Darmstadt University of Technology & CASED, Germany www.minicrypt.de 2 Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT) and CASED, Germany Abstract. Distance one or two such threats, but no rigorous cryptographic security models --nor clean security proofs

170

75Radiation Dose and Distance This iconic photo was  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on March 15, a few days after the Japan 2011 earthquake, which caused severe damage to the Fukushima Press/Kyodo News) The devastating Japan 2011 earthquake damaged the nuclear reactors in Fukushima, which: Date Distance (km) Location Dose Rate (microSeiverts/hr) March 15 1 km Fukushima #2 plant 8,200 March

171

Modelling long-distance seed dispersal in heterogeneous landscapes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Long-distance seed dispersal is difficult to measure, yet key to understanding plant population dynamics and community composition. 2. We used a spatially explicit model to predict the distribution of seeds dispersed long distances by birds into habitat patches of different shapes. All patches were the same type of habitat and size, but varied in shape. They occurred in eight experimental landscapes, each with five patches of four different shapes, 150 m apart in a matrix of mature forest. The model was parameterized with smallscale movement data collected from field observations of birds. In a previous study we validated the model by testing its predictions against observed patterns of seed dispersal in real landscapes with the same types and spatial configuration of patches as in the model. 3. Here we apply the model more broadly, examining how patch shape influences the probability of seed deposition by birds into patches, how dispersal kernels (distributions of dispersal distances) vary with patch shape and starting location, and how movement of seeds between patches is affected by patch shape. 4. The model predicts that patches with corridors or other narrow extensions receive higher numbers of seeds than patches without corridors or extensions. This pattern is explained by edgefollowing behaviour of birds. Dispersal distances are generally shorter in heterogeneous landscapes (containing patchy habitat) than in homogeneous landscapes, suggesting that patches divert the movement of seed dispersers, holding them long enough to increase the probability of seed defecation in the patches. Dispersal kernels for seeds in homogeneous landscapes were smooth, whereas those in heterogenous landscapes were irregular. In both cases, long-distance (> 150 m) dispersal was surprisingly common, usually comprising approximately 50% of all dispersal events. 5. Synthesis . Landscape heterogeneity has a large influence on patterns of long-distance seed dispersal. Our results suggest that long-distance dispersal events can be predicted using spatially explicit modelling to scale-up local movements, placing them in a landscape context. Similar techniques are commonly used by landscape ecologists to model other types of movement; they offer much promise to the study of seed dispersal.

Levey, Douglas, J.; Tewlsbury, Joshua, J.; Bolker, Benjamin, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Distance Restraints from Crosslinking Mass Spectrometry: Mining a Molecular Dynamics Simulation Database to Evaluate Lysine-Lysine Distances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrative structural biology models the structures of protein complexes that are intractable by classical structural methods (because of extreme size, dynamics, or heterogeneity) by combining computational structural modeling with data from experimental methods. One such method is chemical cross-linking mass spectrometry (XL-MS), in which cross-linked peptides, derived from a covalently cross-linked protein complex and identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, pinpoint protein residues close in three-dimensional space. The commonly used lysine-reactive N-hydroxysuccinimide ester reagents disuccinimidylsuberate (DSS) and bis(sulfosuccinimidyl)suberate (BS3) have a linker arm that is 11.4 long when fully extended. However, XL-MS studies on proteins of known structure frequently report cross-links that exceed this distance. Typically, a tolerance of ~3 is added to the theoretical maximum to account for this observation, with little justification for the value chosen. We used the Dynameomics database, a repository of high-quality molecular dynamics simulations of 807 proteins representative of all protein folds, to investigate the change in lysine-lysine distances resulting from native-state dynamics on the time-scale of tens of nanoseconds. We conclude that observed cross-links are consistent with a protein structure if the distance between cross-linked lysine N? atoms is less than the cross-linker length plus 11.3 . For DSS or BS3, this corresponds to a C? to C? distance of 30.4 . This analysis provides a theoretical basis for the widespread practice of adding a tolerance to the crosslinker length when comparing XL-MS results to structures, and indicates the appropriate values of an XLMS derived distance constraint to use in structural modeling.

Merkley, Eric D.; Rysavy, Steven; Kahraman, Abdullah; Hafen, Ryan P.; Daggett, Valerie; Adkins, Joshua N.

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

173

Long-distance distribution of genuine energy-time entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Any practical realization of entanglement-based quantum communication must be intrinsically secure and able to span long distances avoiding the need of a straight line between the communicating parties. The violation of Bell's inequality offers a method for the certification of quantum links without knowing the inner workings of the devices. Energy-time entanglement quantum communication satisfies all these requirements. However, currently there is a fundamental obstacle with the standard configuration adopted: an intrinsic geometrical loophole that can be exploited to break the security of the communication, in addition to other loopholes. Here we show the first experimental Bell violation with energy-time entanglement distributed over 1 km of optical fibers that is free of this geometrical loophole. This is achieved by adopting a new experimental design, and by using an actively stabilized fiber-based long interferometer. Our results represent an important step towards long-distance secure quantum communication in optical fibers.

A. Cuevas; G. Carvacho; G. Saavedra; J. Carie; W. A. T. Nogueira; M. Figueroa; A. Cabello; P. Mataloni; G. Lima; G. B. Xavier

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

174

Application of Mutual Information Methods in Time-Distance Helioseismology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply a new technique, the mutual information (MI) from information theory, to time-distance helioseismology, and demonstrate that it can successfully reproduce several classic results based on the widely used cross-covariance method. MI quantifies the deviation of two random variables from complete independence, and represents a more general method for detecting dependencies in time series than the cross-covariance function, which only detects linear relationships. We provide a brief description of the MI-based technique and discuss the results of the application of MI to derive the solar differential profile, a travel-time deviation map for a sunspot and a time-distance diagram from quiet Sun measurements.

Keys, Dustin; Pevtsov, Alexei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Communication Complexity of the Hamming Distance Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the randomized and quantum communication complexity of the Hamming Distance problem, which is to determine if the Hamming distance between two n-bit strings is no less than a threshold d. We prove a quantum lower bound of \\Omega(d) qubits in the general interactive model with shared prior entanglement. We also construct a classical protocol of O(d \\log d) bits in the restricted Simultaneous Message Passing model, improving previous protocols of O(d^2) bits (A. C.-C. Yao, Proceedings of the Thirty-Fifth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, pp. 77-81, 2003), and O(d\\log n) bits (D. Gavinsky, J. Kempe, and R. de Wolf, quant-ph/0411051, 2004).

Wei Huang; Yaoyun Shi; Shengyu Zhang; Yufan Zhu

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

176

Distance-redshift relations in an anisotropic cosmological model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we study an anisotropic model generated from a particular Bianchi type-III metric, which is a generalization of Gdel's metric and an exact solution of Einstein's field equations. We analyse type Ia supernova data, namely the SDSS sample calibrated with the MLCS2k2 fitter, and we verify in which ranges of distances and redshifts the anisotropy could be observed. We also consider, in a joint analysis, the position of the first peak in the CMB anisotropy spectrum, as well as current observational constraints on the Hubble constant. We conclude that a small anisotropy is permitted by the data, and that more accurate measurements of supernova distances above z = 2 might indicate the existence of such anisotropy in the universe.

Menezes, R. S. Jr. [Instituto Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Pigozzo, C.; Carneiro, S., E-mail: rsmjr@ifba.edu.br, E-mail: cpigozzo@ufba.br, E-mail: saulo.carneiro.ufba@gmail.com [Instituto de Fsica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Scanning optical microscope with long working distance objective  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scanning optical microscope, including: a light source to generate a beam of probe light; collimation optics to substantially collimate the probe beam; a probe-result beamsplitter; a long working-distance, infinity-corrected objective; scanning means to scan a beam spot of the focused probe beam on or within a sample; relay optics; and a detector. The collimation optics are disposed in the probe beam. The probe-result beamsplitter is arranged in the optical paths of the probe beam and the resultant light from the sample. The beamsplitter reflects the probe beam into the objective and transmits resultant light. The long working-distance, infinity-corrected objective is also arranged in the optical paths of the probe beam and the resultant light. It focuses the reflected probe beam onto the sample, and collects and substantially collimates the resultant light. The relay optics are arranged to relay the transmitted resultant light from the beamsplitter to the detector.

Cloutier, Sylvain G. (Newark, DE)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

178

Electrical probe diagnostics for the laminar flame quenching distance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simplified theory, previously developed for the general case of weakly ionized gas flow, is used to predict electrical probe response when the flame is quenched on the probe surface. This theory is based on the planar model of space charge sheaths around the measuring electrode. For the flame quenching case, by assuming that the sheath thickness is comparable with the thermal boundary layer thickness, probe current can be related to flame quenching distance. The theoretical assumptions made to obtain the analytical formulation of probe current were experimentally proved by using direct visualization and high-frequency PIV. The direct visualization method was also used to validate the results of flame quenching distance values obtained with electrical probe. The electrical probe diagnostics have been verified for both head-on and sidewall flame quenching regimes and for stoichiometric methane/air and propane/air mixtures in a pressure range of 0.05-0.6 MPa. (author)

Karrer, Maxime; Makarov, Maxime [Renault Technocentre, 78288 Guyancourt Cedex (France); Bellenoue, Marc; Labuda, Sergei; Sotton, Julien [Laboratoire de Combustion et de Detonique, CNRS, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Curvature dark energy reconstruction through different cosmographic distance definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ gravity, dark energy is a geometrical fluid with negative equation of state. Since the function $f(\\mathcal{R})$ is not known \\emph{a priori}, the need of a model independent reconstruction of its shape represents a relevant technique to determine which $f(\\mathcal{R})$ model is really favored with respect to others. To this aim, we relate cosmography to a generic $f(\\mathcal R)$ and its derivatives in order to provide a model independent investigation at redshift $z \\sim 0$. Our analysis is based on the use of three different cosmological distance definitions, in order to alleviate the duality problem, i.e. the problem of which cosmological distance to use with specific cosmic data sets. We therefore consider the luminosity, $d_L$, flux, $d_F$, and angular, $d_A$, distances and we find numerical constraints by the Union 2.1 supernovae compilation and measurement of baryonic acoustic oscillations, at $z_{BAO}=0.35$. We notice that all distances reduce to the same expression, i.e. $d_{L;F;A}\\sim\\frac{1}{\\mathcal H_0}z$, at first order. Thus, to fix the cosmographic series of observables, we impose the initial value of $H_0$ by fitting $\\mathcal H_0$ through supernovae only, in the redshift regime $ztheoretical bounds, while its variation, namely the jerk parameter, is compatible with $j_0>1$. Finally, we infer the functional form of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ by means of a truncated polynomial approximation, in terms of fourth order scale factor $a(t)$.

Salvatore Capozziello; Mariafelicia De Laurentis; Orlando Luongo

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

180

Evaluating a Master's Degree Program via Distance Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating a Master?s Degree Program via Distance Education Dr. Rafael Lara-Alecio Janie Kemp Polly Trevi?o Fuhui Tong Raymond Castillo TTVN Conference Galveston, TX January 18, 2006 Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Program Dept.... of Educational Psychology College of Education and Human Development Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Programs ? Bilingual Certification Online Program ? PK-4 ? Texas Oral Proficiency Test (Spanish) included ? ESL Certification Intermediate...

Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Kemp, Janie; Trevio, Polly; Tong, Fuhui; Castillo, Raymond

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Time, Distance, Velocity, Redshift: a personal guided tour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An attempt to answer the question 'Can we observe galaxies that recede faster than light ?' led to a re-examination of the notions of time, distance, velocity and redshift as they occur in newtonian physics, special relativity, general relativity and cosmology. A number of misconceptions were uncovered. It was found that, once freed of special relativity preconceptions, the above question is easily and unequivocally answered

T. Kiang

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

AN IMPROVED METHOD TO TEST THE DISTANCE-DUALITY RELATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many researchers have performed cosmological-model-independent tests for the distance-duality (DD) relation. Theoretical work has been conducted based on the results of these tests. However, we find that almost all of these tests were perhaps not cosmological-model-independent after all, because the distance moduli taken from a given type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) compilation are dependent on a given cosmological model and Hubble constant. In this Letter, we overcome these defects and by creating a new cosmological-model-independent test for the DD relation. We use the original data from the Union2 SNe Ia compilation and the angular diameter distances from two galaxy cluster samples compiled by De Filippis et al. and Bonamente et al. to test the DD relation. Our results suggest that the DD relation is compatible with observations, and the spherical model is slightly better than the elliptical model at describing the intrinsic shape of galaxy clusters if the DD relation is valid. However, these results are different from those of previous work.

Yang, Xi; Yu, Hao-Ran; Zhang, Tong-Jie [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)] [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Zhang, Zhi-Song, E-mail: tjzhang@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), Harbin Heilongjiang 150001 (China)] [Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), Harbin Heilongjiang 150001 (China)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

183

On the luminosity distance and the epoch of acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standard cosmological models based on general relativity (GR) with dark energy predict that the Universe underwent a transition from decelerating to accelerating expansion at a moderate redshift $z_{acc} \\sim 0.7$. Clearly, it is of great interest to directly measure this transition in a model-independent way, without the assumption that GR is the correct theory of gravity. We explore to what extent supernova (SN) luminosity distance measurements provide evidence for such a transition: we show that, contrary to intuition, the well-known "turnover" in the SN distance residuals $\\Delta\\mu$ relative to an empty (Milne) model does not give firm evidence for such a transition within the redshift range spanned by SN data. The observed turnover in that diagram is predominantly due to the negative curvature in the Milne model, {\\em not} the deceleration predicted by $\\Lambda$CDM and relatives. We show that there are several advantages in plotting distance residuals against a flat, non-accelerating model $(w = -1/3)$,...

Sutherland, Will

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Long-distance photoinitiated electron transfer through polyene molecular wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-chain polyenes can be used as molecular wires to facilitate electron transfer between a photo-excited donor and an acceptor in an artificial photosynthetic system. The authors present data here on two Zn-porphyrin-polyene-anthraquinone molecules possessing either 5 or 9 all trans double bonds between the donor and acceptor, 1 and 2. The center-to-center distances between the porphyrin and the quinone in these relatively rigid molecules are 25 A for 1 and 35 A for 2. Selective picosecond laser excitation of the Zn-porphyrin in 1 and 2 results in the very rapid transfer of an electron to the anthraquinone in < 2 ps and 10 ps, respectively. The resultant radical ion pairs recombine with tau = 10 ps for 1 and tau = 25 ps for 2. The electron transfer rates remain remarkably rapid over these long distances. The involvement of polyene radical cations in the mechanism of the radical ion pair recombination reaction is clear from the transient absorption spectra of 1 and 2, which show strong absorbances in the near-infrared. The strong electronic coupling between the Zn-porphyrin and the anthraquinone provided by low-lying states of the polyene make it possible to transfer an electron rapidly over very long distances.

Wasielewski, M.R.; Johnson, D.G.; Svec, W.A.; Kersey, K.M.; Cragg, D.E.; Minsek, D.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Hybrid Long-Distance Entanglement Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a hybrid (continuous-discrete variable) quantum repeater protocol for distribution of entanglement over long distances. Starting from entangled states created by means of single-photon detection, we show how entangled coherent state superpositions, also known as `Schr\\"odinger cat states', can be generated by means of homodyne detection of light. We show that near-deterministic entanglement swapping with such states is possible using only linear optics and homodyne detectors, and we evaluate the performance of our protocol combining these elements.

Jonatan B. Brask; Ioannes Rigas; Eugene S. Polzik; Ulrik L. Andersen; Anders S. Sorensen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Gamma ray burst distances and the timescape cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray bursts can potentially be used as distance indicators, providing the possibility of extending the Hubble diagram to redshifts ~7. Here we follow the analysis of Schaefer (2007), with the aim of distinguishing the timescape cosmological model from the \\LambdaCDM model by means of the additional leverage provided by GRBs in the range 2 < z < 7. We find that the timescape model fits the GRB sample slightly better than the \\LambdaCDM model, but that the systematic uncertainties are still too little understood to distinguish the models.

Peter R. Smale

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

187

Property:Distance from Shore (m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed Jump to:DOEInvolveDeploymentSectorDistance from

188

Property:Distance from Shore(m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed Jump to:DOEInvolveDeploymentSectorDistance

189

Diamond tool wear vs cutting distance on electroless nickel mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wear data are presented for diamond tools cutting electroless nickel (eNi) for cut lengths up to 70,000 ft (13 miles). Two tools having different infrared absorption characteristics were used to cut an eNi preparation that had yielded minimum values for surface roughness and tool wear rate in a previous study. The data include Talystep measurement of the rms amplitude of the feed-marks versus cumulative cutting distance, representative examples of shape changes for the feed-mark profiles, SEM and optical micrographs of the tool rake and flank face wear zones, and measurements of the cutting edge profile and edge recession distance by a tool-nose replication technique. Feed-mark roughness values were found to increase from 5 to 90 A rms over the duration of the test, with an associated edge recession of about 1000 A and the development of a periodic tool edge grooving indicative of burnishing of the part surface. The ir absorption data successfully predicted the order of the two tools in terms of wear rate and fracture toughness.

Syn, C.K.; Taylor, J.S.; Donaldson, R.R.

1986-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

The distance scale and Eddington efficiency of luminous quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between the central mass and quasar luminosity (M_BH \\propto L^{\\alpha}FHWM^2) links a given Eddington ratio with a value of H_0, within a cosmology with fixed (\\Omega_m,\\Omega_{\\Lambda}). We point out that because the relation is calibrated at low z using distance independent reverberation mapping to get the BLR size, the derived M_BH interestingly does not depend on H_0, while L/L_Edd is sensitive to H_0, but rather robust to changes of \\Omega_{\\Lambda} in the standard flat model. This means, e.g., that enough of extragalactic objects radiating at the Eddington limit could be used to study the global Hubble constant in a new way, bypassing the local distance ladder. The method could become practical when systematic errors in derived M_BH are understood and objects with L /leq L_Edd can be independently identified. As an illustration, if we take a sample of tranquil very luminous quasars in the redshift range 0.5 < z < 1.6, and assume that they are radiating with L_bol \\leq L_Edd, then the usual numeric factors used for calculating M_BH and L_bol would lead to the result that the Hubble constant must be larger than 45 km/s/Mpc.

P. Teerikorpi

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

191

Distance-Two Interpolation for Parallel Algebraic Multigrid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Algebraic multigrid (AMG) is one of the most efficient and scalable parallel algorithms for solving sparse linear systems on unstructured grids. However, for large three-dimensional problems, the coarse grids that are normally used in AMG often lead to growing complexity in terms of memory use and execution time per AMG V-cycle. Sparser coarse grids, such as those obtained by the Parallel Modified Independent Set coarsening algorithm (PMIS) [7], remedy this complexity growth, but lead to non-scalable AMG convergence factors when traditional distance-one interpolation methods are used. In this paper we study the scalability of AMG methods that combine PMIS coarse grids with long distance interpolation methods. AMG performance and scalability is compared for previously introduced interpolation methods as well as new variants of them for a variety of relevant test problems on parallel computers. It is shown that the increased interpolation accuracy largely restores the scalability of AMG convergence factors for PMIS-coarsened grids, and in combination with complexity reducing methods, such as interpolation truncation, one obtains a class of parallel AMG methods that enjoy excellent scalability properties on large parallel computers.

De Sterck, H; Falgout, R; Nolting, J; Yang, U M

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

192

A Structure-Based Distance Metric for High-Dimensional Space...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Structure-Based Distance Metric for High-Dimensional Space Exploration with Multi-Dimensional Scaling. A Structure-Based Distance Metric for High-Dimensional Space Exploration...

193

Hybrid intensity and time-of-flight signal processing techniques for intelligent distance sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the advent of "smart" consumer electronics, distance sensing is an increasingly important field in optical sensing. A novel approach to active infrared(IR) 1D distance sensing is proposed, employing both intensity and ...

Hiromi, Itariu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Choosing good distance metrics and local planners for probabilistic roadmap motion planning methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a comparative evaluation of different distance metrics and local planners within the context of probabilistic roadmap methods for motion planning. Both C-space and Workspace distance metrics and local planners are considered...

Bayazit, Osman Burchan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Type IIP supernovae as cosmological probes: A SEAM distance to SN 1999em  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type IIP Supernovae as Cosmological Probes: A SEAM Distanceintrinsic brightness, supernovae make excellent cosmologicalstars: atmospheres supernovae: 1999em Distances from

Baron, E.; Nugent, Peter E.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes David,kobbelt}@cs.rwth-aachen.de Abstract We present an algorithm for the efficient and accu- rate computation of geodesic distance fields the original algorithm is able to compute geodesic distances to isolated points on the mesh only, our

Frey, Pascal

197

A Test of the Calibration of the Tully-Fisher Relation Using Cepheid and SNIa Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We make a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to eleven spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to twelve spiral galaxies with SNIa distances. The HST Cepheid distances come from the work of Freedman (1997), Sandage et al (1996) and Tanvir et al (1995). The SNIa distances come from Pierce (1994), calibrated using the Cepheid results of Sandage et al (1996). The Tully-Fisher distances mostly come from the work of Pierce (1994). The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance moduli are too short with respect to the Cepheid distances by 0.46+-0.14mag and too short with respect to the SNIa distances by 0.46+-0.19mag. Combining the HST Cepheid and SNIa data suggests that, overall, previous Tully-Fisher distances were too short by 0.46+-0.11mag, a result which is significant at the 4sigma level. These data therefore indicate that previous Tully-Fisher distances should be revised upwards by 24+-6% implying, for example, a Virgo distance of 19.3+-1.9Mpc. The value of Ho from Tully-Fisher estimates is correspondingly revised downwards from Ho=84+-10 to Ho=68+-8.

T. Shanks

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

198

Distance dependent rates of photoinduced charge separation and dark charge recombination in fixed distance porphyrin-quinone molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three zinc tetraphenylporphyrin-anthraquinone derivatives were prepared in which the edge-to-edge distances between the porphyrin and quinone ..pi.. systems are fixed by a rigid hydrocarbon spacer molecule. Triptycene, trans-1,2-diphenylcyclopentane, and adamantane were used to fix the porphyrin-anthraquinone distance at 2.5, 3.7, and 4.9 A, respectively. These molecules possess 1,2, and 3 saturated carbon atoms, respectively, between the porphyrin donor and the quinone acceptor. Rate constants for photoinduced electron transfer from the lowest excited singlet state of the zinc tetraphenylporphyrin donor to the anthraquinone acceptor were measured. In addition, the corresponding radical ion pair recombination rate constants for each of these molecules were also determined. The rate constants for both photoinduced charge separation and subsequent radical ion pair recombination decrease by approximately a factor of 10 for each saturated carbon atom intervening between the porphyrin donor and the quinone acceptor. These results are consistent with a model in which the rate of electron transfer is determined by weak mixing of the sigma orbitals of the saturated hydrocarbon spacer with the ..pi.. orbitals of the donor and acceptor. 22 refs., 5 figs.

Wasielewski, M.R.; Niemczyk, M.P.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Low-distance Surface Codes under Realistic Quantum Noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the performance of distance-three surface code layouts under realistic multi-parameter noise models. We first calculate their thresholds under depolarizing noise. We then compare a Pauli-twirl approximation of amplitude and phase damping to amplitude and phase damping. We find the approximate channel results in a pessimistic estimate of the logical error rate, indicating the realistic threshold may be higher than previously estimated. From Monte-Carlo simulations, we identify experimental parameters for which these layouts admit reliable computation. Due to its low resource cost and superior performance, we conclude that the 17-qubit layout should be targeted in early experimental implementations of the surface code. We find that architectures with gate times in the 5-40 ns range and T1 times of at least 1-2 us range will exhibit improved logical error rates with a 17-qubit surface code encoding.

Yu Tomita; Krysta M. Svore

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

200

Distance measurements as a probe of cosmic acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A major recent evelopment in observational cosmology has been an accurate measurement of the luminosity distance-redshift relation out to redshifts z=0.8 from Type Ia supernova standard candles. The results have been argued as evidence for cosmic acceleration. It is well known that this assertion depends on the assumption that we know the equation of state for all mass-energy other than normal pressureless matter; popular models are based on either the cosmological constant or on the more general quintessence formulation. But this assertion also depends on a number of other assumptions, implicit in the derivation of the standard cosmological field equations: large-scale isotropy and homogeneity, the flatness of the Universe, and the validity of general relativity on cosmological scales (where it has not been tested). A detailed examination of the effects of these assumptions on the interplay between the luminosity distance-redshift relation and the acceleration of the Universe is not possible unless one can define the precise nature of the failure of any particular assumption. However a simple quantitative investigation is possible and reveals a number of considerations about the relative importance of the different assumptions. In this paper we present such an investigation. We find that the relationship between the distant-redshift relation and the sign of the deceleration parameter is fairly robust and is unaffected if only one of the assumptions that we investigate is invalid so long as the deceleration parameter is not close to zero (it would not be close to zero in the currently-favored Omega_Lambda = 1 - Omega_matter = 0.7 or 0.8 Universe, for example). Failures of two or more assumptions in concordance may have stronger effects.

Neil Trentham

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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201

Spectro-photometric distances to stars: a general-purpose Bayesian approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a procedure that estimates distances to stars using measured spectroscopic and photometric quantities. It employs a Bayesian approach to build the probability distribution function over stellar evolutionary models given the data, delivering estimates of expected distance for each star individually. Our method provides several alternative distance estimates for each star in the output, along with their associated uncertainties. The code was first tested on simulations, successfully recovering input distances to mock stars with errors that scale with the uncertainties in the adopted spectro-photometric parameters, as expected. The code was then validated by comparing our distance estimates to parallax measurements from the Hipparcos mission for nearby stars (< 60 pc), to asteroseismic distances of CoRoT red giant stars, and to known distances of well-studied open and globular clusters. The photometric data of these reference samples cover both the optical and near infra-red wavelengths. The...

Santiago, Baslio X; Anders, Friedrich; Chiappini, Cristina; Girardi, Lo; Rocha-Pinto, Helio J; Balbinot, Eduardo; da Costa, Luiz N; Maia, Marcio A G; Schultheis, Mathias; Steinmetz, Matthias; Miglio, Andrea; Montalbn, Josefina; Schneider, Donald P; Beers, Timothy C; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Lee, Young Sun; Zasowski, Gail

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

SAFETY ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Field Trip Name: __________________________ Trip Dates from:_________ to:_________  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, plant or insect allergies, medical conditions (heart trouble, breathing problems, diabetes, etc.) Do you

Rothman, Daniel

203

A Test of Tully-Fisher Distance Estimates Using Cepheids and Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We update and extend the results of Shanks (1997, MNRAS, 290, L77) by making a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to thirteen spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to ten spiral galaxies with Type Ia supernova (SNIa) distances. The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance moduli are too short with respect to the Cepheid distances by 0.46+-0.11mag and too short with respect to the SNIa distances by 0.49+-0.18mag. Combining the HST Cepheid and the best SNIa data suggests that, overall, previous Tully-Fisher distances at v~1000 kms-1 were too short by 0.43+-0.09mag, a result which is significant at the 4.6 sigma level. These data therefore indicate that previous Tully-Fisher distances should be revised upwards by 22+-5% implying, for example, a Virgo distance of 19.0+-1.8Mpc. The value of Ho from Tully-Fisher estimates is correspondingly revised downwards from Ho=84+-10kms-1Mpc-1 to Ho=69+-8kms-1Mpc-1. There is evidence that the Tully-Fisher relation at large distances is affected by Malmquist bias. In this case, we argue that Ho<50kms-1Mpc-1 cannot be ruled out by Tully-Fisher considerations.

T. Shanks

1999-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Hubble constant and dark energy from cosmological distance measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study how the determination of the Hubble constant from cosmological distance measures is affected by models of dark energy and vice versa. For this purpose, constraints on the Hubble constant and dark energy are investigated using the cosmological observations of cosmic microwave background, baryon acoustic oscillations and type Ia suprenovae. When one investigates dark energy, the Hubble constant is often a nuisance parameter, thus it is usually marginalized over. On the other hand, when one focuses on the Hubble constant, simple dark energy models such as a cosmological constant and a constant equation of state are usually assumed. Since we do not know the nature of dark energy yet, it is interesting to investigate the Hubble constant assuming some types of dark energy and see to what extent the constraint on the Hubble constant is affected by the assumption concerning dark energy. We show that the constraint on the Hubble constant is not affected much by the assumption for dark energy. We furthermore show that this holds true even if we remove the assumption that the universe is flat. We also discuss how the prior on the Hubble constant affects the constraints on dark energy and/or the curvature of the universe.

Kazuhide Ichikawa; Tomo Takahashi

2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

205

Instantaneous Action at a Distance in a Holistic Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The early work of Lorentz, Abraham and others, evolved through the work of Fokker, Dirac and others to ultimately culminate in the Feynman- Wheeler direct action at a distance theory. However this theory has encountered certain conceptual difficulties like non-locality in time, self force of the electron, pre acceleration and the perfect absorption condition of Feynman and Wheeler, that is the instantaneous action of the remaining charges in the universe on the charge in question. More recently, Hoyle and Narlikar have resurrected this theory, but within the context of a Steady State or Quasi Steady State cosmology. They argue that the theory infact has a better standing than the generally accepted quantum theoretic description. In this article we consider a quantum theoretic description and a cosmology which parallels the Hoyle-Narlikar approach. This leads to a synthesis and justification of the Dirac and Feynman-Wheeler approaches, clarifying the conceptual problems in the process. We deduce a scenario with quantized space-time and a holistic cosmology, consistent with physical and astrophysical data. The non-locality is now seen to be meaningful within the minimum space-time intervals, as also the perfect absorption within the holistic description. Local realism, and the usual causal field theory are seen to have an underpinning of direct action. For example this is brought out by the virtual photons which mediate interactions in Quantum Electro Dynamics, and the emergence of the inverse square law in the above approach from a background Zero Point Field.

B. G. Sidharth

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fast Transients at Cosmological Distances with the SKA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impulsive radio bursts that are detectable across cosmological distances constitute extremely powerful probes of the ionized Inter-Galactic Medium (IGM), intergalactic magnetic fields, and the properties of space-time itself. Their dispersion measures (DMs) will enable us to detect the "missing" baryons in the low-redshift Universe and make the first measurements of the mean galaxy halo profile, a key parameter in models of galaxy formation and feedback. Impulsive bursts can be used as cosmic rulers at redshifts exceeding 2, and constrain the dark energy equation-of-state parameter, $w(z)$ at redshifts beyond those readily accessible by Type Ia SNe. Both of these goals are realisable with a sample of $\\sim 10^4$ fast radio bursts (FRBs) whose positions are localized to within one arcsecond, sufficient to obtain host galaxy redshifts via optical follow-up. It is also hypothesised that gravitational wave events may emit coherent emission at frequencies probed by SKA1-LOW, and the localization of such events at ...

Macquart, J -P; Grainge, K; McQuinn, M; Fender, R P; Hessels, J; Deller, A; Bhat, R; Breton, R; Chatterjee, S; Law, C; Lorimer, D; Ofek, E O; Pietka, M; Spitler, L; Stappers, B; Trott, C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Entries from a trip home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cinema verite is distinguished from other genres by its refinement of means to make spontaneous revelations of character and situation. Because cinema verite can reveal extemporaneous behavior more easily and more acutely ...

Schaetzel, Ann

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Air Quality Conformity Trip Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Districts (AQMDs) and Air Pollution Control Districts (APCDs) #12;Source: http standards #12;PROBLEM #12;http://www.epa.gov/airtrends/2008/graphics/Figure3.gif Progress! #12;http_graph.html #12;http://www.epa.gov/airtrends/2008/graphics/HighlightsNumber.gif Number of people living in non

Handy, Susan L.

209

Trips in planning: January 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: A Photographic Adventure September 1­9, 2011 (9 days) Study leader: Dr. David Foster Price: $5,550 · Single

Wood, Robert

210

Volunteer Weekend The Next Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a list of the many places of origin of our students: Angola Argentina Bolivia Brazil Burkina Faso Chile and Culture Q: Why are the teachers really strict with punctuality? A: First of all, the official ELI policy

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

211

THE BOLOCAM GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY. VIII. A MID-INFRARED KINEMATIC DISTANCE DISCRIMINATION METHOD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new distance estimation method for dust-continuum-identified molecular cloud clumps. Recent (sub-)millimeter Galactic plane surveys have cataloged tens of thousands of these objects, plausible precursors to stellar clusters, but detailed study of their physical properties requires robust distance determinations. We derive Bayesian distance probability density functions (DPDFs) for 770 objects from the Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey in the Galactic longitude range 7. Degree-Sign 5 {<=} l {<=} 65 Degree-Sign . The DPDF formalism is based on kinematic distances, and uses any number of external data sets to place prior distance probabilities to resolve the kinematic distance ambiguity (KDA) for objects in the inner Galaxy. We present here priors related to the mid-infrared absorption of dust in dense molecular regions and the distribution of molecular gas in the Galactic disk. By assuming a numerical model of Galactic mid-infrared emission and simple radiative transfer, we match the morphology of (sub-)millimeter thermal dust emission with mid-infrared absorption to compute a prior DPDF for distance discrimination. Selecting objects first from (sub-)millimeter source catalogs avoids a bias towards the darkest infrared dark clouds (IRDCs) and extends the range of heliocentric distance probed by mid-infrared extinction and includes lower-contrast sources. We derive well-constrained KDA resolutions for 618 molecular cloud clumps, with approximately 15% placed at or beyond the tangent distance. Objects with mid-infrared contrast sufficient to be cataloged as IRDCs are generally placed at the near kinematic distance. Distance comparisons with Galactic Ring Survey KDA resolutions yield a 92% agreement. A face-on view of the Milky Way using resolved distances reveals sections of the Sagittarius and Scutum-Centaurus Arms. This KDA-resolution method for large catalogs of sources through the combination of (sub-)millimeter and mid-infrared observations of molecular cloud clumps is generally applicable to other dust-continuum Galactic plane surveys.

Ellsworth-Bowers, Timothy P.; Glenn, Jason; Battersby, Cara; Ginsburg, Adam; Bally, John [CASA, University of Colorado, UCB 389, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Rosolowsky, Erik [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Mairs, Steven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 1A1 (Canada); Evans, Neal J. II [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Shirley, Yancy L., E-mail: timothy.ellsworthbowers@colorado.edu [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

Single-photon frequency upconversion for long-distance quantum teleportation and communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entanglement generation, single-photon detection, and frequency translation that preserves the polarization quantum state of the photons are essential technologies for long distance quantum communication protocols. This ...

Albot?, Marius A., 1974-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Technical Report for the MVB (MSW & Biomass) Waste to Energy Plants and the AVG Hazardous WTE Plant in Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a small steam-turbine producing 3 MW for the plant's internal needs · The filtration part of the plant is equipped with SNCR technology, baghouse filters, HCl & SO2 scrubbers Power Plant: Coal and Gas MVB Unit 3 per line, at 90 bar and 500° C · The plant is equipped with a steam turbine of 20 MWe · On 2009

Columbia University

214

HEV Fleet Testing - 2010 Ford Fusion vin#4757  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

757 Fleet Testing Results To Date Operating Statistics Distance Driven: 145,595 Average Trip Distance: 11.3 mi Stop Time with Engine Idling: 11% Trip Type CityHighway:...

215

HEV Fleet Testing - 2010 Ford Fusion VIN:4699 - Fleet Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

699 Fleet Testing Results To Date Operating Statistics Distance Driven: 73,490 Average Trip Distance: 10.8 mi Stop Time with Engine Idling: 13% Trip Type CityHighway: 86%...

216

Using Distance Estimates in Heuristic Search Jordan T. Thayer and Wheeler Ruml  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-distance-to-go estimate. Operators frequently have different costs and cost-to-go is not the same as search both the estimated cost-to-go, given by a heuristic evaluation function h, as well as the searchUsing Distance Estimates in Heuristic Search Jordan T. Thayer and Wheeler Ruml Department

Ruml, Wheeler

217

A SOFTWARE TOOL FOR WEB-BASED DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEMS DESIGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A SOFTWARE TOOL FOR WEB-BASED DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEMS DESIGN Dr. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy Computer an attempt to introduce a software tool for development of a web-based distance-learning course. The second's degree of understanding in each unit. It provides a powerful educational tool that can assist the learner

218

Distance Estimation by Constructing The Virtual Ruler in Anisotropic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fields, such as industrial sensing and scheduling, critical construction protection, environmentalDistance Estimation by Constructing The Virtual Ruler in Anisotropic Sensor Networks Yun Wang Kai. Furthermore, we develop an approach to construct a virtual ruler for distance estimation between any pair

Wu, Jie

219

The Minimum Distance of Turbo-Like Codes Louay Bazzi, Mohammad Mahdian, Daniel A. Spielman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Minimum Distance of Turbo-Like Codes Louay Bazzi, Mohammad Mahdian, Daniel A. Spielman Abstract--Worst-case upper bounds are derived on the minimum distance of parallel concatenated Turbo codes that parallel-concatenated Turbo codes and repeat-convolute codes with sub-linear memory are asymptotically bad

Spielman, Daniel A.

220

Pedagogical Issues in webMathematica Applications In Distance Learning Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organizational and administrative arrangements [1]. The growth of Internet-based distance learning will havePedagogical Issues in webMathematica Applications In Distance Learning Mathematics M. F. Abdul learning and good teaching. The learning experiences must be well organized and integrated

Spagnolo, Filippo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Training Centres : An Architecture for the Realisation of Open and Distance Learning Environments using Telematics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based distance education software. The TRENDS Project The TRENDS Project aims at the development and efficientTraining Centres : An Architecture for the Realisation of Open and Distance Learning Environments) Environments using Telematics. The approach of using Training Centres as dedicated education services providers

Bouras, Christos

222

An Approximate Analytical Algorithm for Evaluating the Distances in a Dark Energy Dominated Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most recent cosmological observations indicate that the present universe is flat and vacuum dominated. In such a universe, the distance measurements are always difficult and involve numerical computations. In this paper, it is shown that the most fundamental distance measurement of cosmology, the luminosity distance, for such a universe can be obtained in an approximate analytical way with very small errors of less than 0.02% up to %z = 5$ for any value of vacuum energy. The analytical calculation is shown to be exceedingly efficient, as compared to the traditional numerical methods.

T. Wickramasinghe

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

223

Measuring Type Ia Supernova Distances and Redshifts From Their Multi-band Light Curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curve, http://supernovae.in2p3.fr/ ? guy/salt/index.htmlfor large numbers of supernovae; so many that it would becosmology:distance scale, supernovae:general Introduction

Kim, Alex G.; Miquel, Ramon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Detailed spectroscopic analysis of SN 1987A: The distance to the LMC using the SEAM method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. & Branch, D. 1990, in Supernovae, ed. J. C. Wheeler & T.of determining distances to supernovae. We ?nd that thealso suggest that Type IIP supernovae will be most useful as

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Foraging distances and forager population sizes of the desert termite Gnathamitermes tubiformans (Buckley) (Isoptera: Termitidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Analyses showed no significant correlations between distances moved and abundance or type of vegetation. Movement of marked termites did not favor any compass directions. The second experiment used a mark-recapture estimation model to predict G...

Narayanan, Anne Michelle

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Distance-learning receptivity differences between American and Korean graduate students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purposes of this study were to determine if differences exist in distance-learning receptivity and perceived technology usefulness between American and Korean graduate students as well as Individualists and Collectivists. Results indicated...

Kim, Jung Il

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

227

Review of War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mary Favrets War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime is a brilliant, beautifully written book on the experience of war in British Romantic writing. Offering intricate close readings of Cowper, ...

Jackson, Noel B.

228

International Training and Education Center for Health (I-TECH) Tanzania Distance Education Manager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Location: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Position Summary Based in Dar es Salaam, the Distance Education (DEHealth) projects This position is based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, with in-country travel required. Relocation

Mullins, Dyche

229

Accident causation study on roadways with limited sight distance crest vertical curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflect the driver and vehicle population currently on the transportation network. An accident causation study was conducted to determine if roadways with limited stopping sight distance present a safety hazard for the transportation network. Rural two...

Stoddard, Angela May

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Real-Time Camera Tracking and 3D Reconstruction Using Signed Distance Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

show that by representing the geometry with a signed distance function (SDF), the camera pose can be efficiently estimated by directly minimizing the error of the depth images on the SDF. As the SDF contains

Lunds Universitet

231

Reuse Distance Based Circuit Replacement in Silicon Photonic Interconnection Networks for HPC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale distance, can help to further scale data-movement capabilities in high performance computing (HPC demands within high performance computing (HPC) systems. Silicon photonic (SiP) interconnects [1-3], which

Bergman, Keren

232

Development of a culturally appropriate process for assessing distance learning readiness in Latin America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for assessing distance learning readiness of institutions in Latin America for international projects of food and agriculture with higher education institutions in the U.S. The data collection...

Villalobos Pealosa, Patricia

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Distance and Temperature Effects on Pika Forage Manti -La Sal National Forest, Moab District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

slightly further away (Roach et al. 2001, Huntley et al. 1986). Naturalists as far back as 1917 have noted) abundance changes with distance from talus (e.g. Roach et al. 2001, Smith and Weston 1990, Huntley et al

234

Dissemination of Evidence-Based Practice: Can We Train Therapists from a Distance?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. M. (2005). We dont train in vain: A dissemination trialBased Practice: Can We Train Therapists from a Distance?both implement the model and to train parents; (b) didactic

Vismara, Laurie A.; Young, Gregory S.; Stahmer, Aubyn C.; Griffith, Elizabeth McMahon; Rogers, Sally J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A 3-dimensional analysis of sight distance on interchange ramps and connectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 3-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SIGHT DISTANCE ON INTERCHANGE RAMPS AND CONNECTORS A Thesis by EDDIE SANCHEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfdlment of the requiretnents for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A 3-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SIGHT DISTANCE ON INTERCHANGE RAMPS AND CONNECTORS A Thesis by EDDIE SANCHEZ Approved as to style and content by: Raymond A. Krammes (Chair of Committee) N ' n J...

Sanchez, Eddie

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Teaching the History of Cartography: A Case for the Marriage of Special Collections and Distance Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinates Series B, No. 7 Teaching the History of Cartography: A Case for the Marriage of Special Collections and Distance Learning Persistent URL for citation: http://purl.oclc.org/ coordinates/b7.pdf Date of Publication: 09... situations, employing both synchronous (real-time) and asynchronous technologies. Keywords: history, cartography, teaching, education, special collections, maps, atlases, charts, distance learning, blended learning, web based learning, synchronous classes...

Kovarsky, Joel

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

237

Too close for comfort: Stimulus valence moderates the influence of motivational orientation on distance perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach and avoidance (Elliot, 2006, 1999; Elliot & Covington, 2001). Ap- proach is a preparedness to attain a stimulus in the environment, whereas avoidance is a preparedness to move away from it (Strack & Deutsch, 2004). According to the compatibility hypothesis... , it can also be defined as a preparedness to decrease the distance between a person and a stimulus (Strack & Deutsch, 2004). Given that positive stimuli are compatible with approach, decrease of physical distance usually occurs in relation to positive...

Krpan, Dario; Schnall, Simone

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

238

A NEW DISTANCE TO M33 USING BLUE SUPERGIANTS AND THE FGLR METHOD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantitative spectral analysis of medium resolution optical spectra of A and B supergiants obtained with DEIMOS and ESI at the Keck Telescopes is used to determine a distance modulus of 24.93 +- 0.11 mag (968 +- 50 kpc) for the Triangulum Galaxy M33. The analysis yields stellar effective temperatures, gravities, interstellar reddening, and extinction, the combination of which provides a distance estimate via the flux-weighted gravity-luminosity relationship (FGLR). This result is based on an FGLR calibration that is continually being polished. An average reddening of (E(B - V)) approx 0.08 mag is found, with a large variation ranging from 0.01 to 0.16 mag, however, demonstrating the importance of accurate individual reddening measurements for stellar distance indicators in galaxies with evident signatures of interstellar absorption. The large-distance modulus found is in good agreement with recent work on eclipsing binaries, planetary nebulae, long-period variables, RR Lyrae stars, and also with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of Cepheids, if reasonable reddening assumptions are made for the Cepheids. Since distances based on the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) method found in the literature give conflicting results, we have used HST Advanced Camera for Surveys V- and I-band images of outer regions of M33 to determine a TRGB distance of 24.84 +- 0.10 mag, in basic agreement with the FGLR result. We have also determined stellar metallicities and discussed the metallicity gradient in the disk of M33. We find metallicity of Z {sub sun} at the center and 0.3 Z {sub sun} in the outskirts at a distance of one isophotal radius. The average logarithmic metallicity gradient is -0.07 +- 0.01 dex kpc{sup -1}. However, there is a large scatter around this average value, very similar to what has been found for the H II regions in M33.

U, Vivian; Urbaneja, Miguel A.; Kudritzki, Rolf-Peter; Jacobs, Bradley A.; Bresolin, Fabio [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Przybilla, Norbert, E-mail: vivian@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: urbaneja@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: kud@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: bjacobs@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: bresolin@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: przybilla@sternwarte.uni-erlangen.d [Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Sternwartstrasse 7, D-96049 Bamberg (Germany)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

Relevant distance between two different instances of the same potential energy in protein folding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of complex systems and, particularly, of protein folding, a physically meaningful distance is defined which allows to make useful statistical statements about the way in which energy differences are modified when two different instances of the same potential-energy function are used. When the two instances arise from the fact that different algorithms or different approximations are used, the distance herein defined may be used to evaluate the relative accuracy of the two methods. When the difference is due to a change in the free parameters of which the potential depends on, the distance can be used to quantify, in each region of parameter space, the robustness of the modeling to such a change and this, in turn, may be used to assess the significance of a parameters' fit. Both cases are illustrated with a practical example: the study of the Poisson-based solvation energy in the Trp-Cage protein (PDB code 1L2Y).

Jose Luis Alonso; Pablo Echenique

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

240

Combined distance-of-flight and time-of-flight mass spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combined distance-of-flight mass spectrometry (DOFMS) and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) instrument includes an ion source configured to produce ions having varying mass-to-charge ratios, a first detector configured to determine when each of the ions travels a predetermined distance, a second detector configured to determine how far each of the ions travels in a predetermined time, and a detector extraction region operable to direct portions of the ions either to the first detector or to the second detector.

Enke, Christie G; Ray, Steven J; Graham, Alexander W; Hieftje, Gary M; Barinaga, Charles J; Koppenaal, David W

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Low red-shift formula for the luminosity distance in a LTB model with cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the low red-shift Taylor expansion for the luminosity distance for an observer at the center of a spherically symmetric matter inhomogeneity with a non vanishing cosmological constant. We then test the accuracy of the formulas comparing them to the numerical calculation for different cases for both the luminosity distance and the radial coordinate. The formulas can be used as a starting point to understand the general non linear effects of a local inhomogeneity in presence of a cosmological constant, without making any special assumption about the inhomogeneity profile.

Antonio Enea Romano; Pisin Chen

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

242

Ionization distances of Rydberg atoms approaching solid surfaces in the presence of weak electric fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ionization distances R{sub c}{sup I} of slow hydrogenlike Rydberg atoms approaching solid surfaces in the presence of a weak external electric field are calculated. The ionization is treated as resonant electron tunneling in the very vicinity of the top of the potential barrier, created between the ionic core and polarized solid. We obtain both the complex energies and the ionization distances by solving the energy eigenvalue problem under the outgoing wave boundary condition towards the solid. The eigenvalue problem is studied in parabolic coordinates within the framework of an etalon equation method adapted to include the confluence of turning points. It is demonstrated that in a critical region R{approx_equal}R{sub c}{sup I}>>1 a.u. of ion-surface distances R, parabolic quantum numbers n{sub 1}, n{sub 2}, and m can serve as approximate, but 'sufficiently good' quantum numbers, at least for lower n{sub 1} values. The method offers asymptotically exact analytical expressions for the ionization rates and energies, which follow the theoretical predictions of the complex scaling method (CSM). It is also found that the resulting ionization distances R{sub c}{sup I} are in very good agreement with the results of CSM. The implications of using obtained results in analyzing the recent xenon experimental data for R{sub c}{sup I} are briefly discussed.

Nedeljkovic, N.N.; Nedeljkovic, Lj.D. [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 368, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Distance Dependence of Plasmon-Enhanced Photocurrent in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Dependence of Plasmon-Enhanced Photocurrent in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Stacey D Sheridan Road, EVanston, Illinois, 60208-3113 Received March 25, 2009; E-mail: j-hupp@northwestern.edu Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) represent one of the most promising emerging technologies for light

244

Distance Dependence of Electron Transfer in DNA: The Role of the Reorganization Energy and Free Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Dependence of Electron Transfer in DNA: The Role of the Reorganization Energy and Free of the solvent reorganization energy and free energy in the heterogeneous DNA environment. DNA is modeled represents water. Model calculations show the importance of including the reorganization energy and the free

Fayer, Michael D.

245

Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae-volant animal groups have undergone extensive transmarine dispersal with subsequent radiation in new, often many of the warmer islands in the North Atlantic Ocean. There were four main invasions of archipelagos

Carranza, Salvador

246

MIMO Ad Hoc Networks: Medium Access Control, Saturation Throughput and Optimal Hop Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MIMO Ad Hoc Networks: Medium Access Control, Saturation Throughput and Optimal Hop Distance Ming in mobile ad hoc networks. Specifically, we focus on ad hoc networks where the spa- tial diversity technique technique can enhance the performance of mobile ad hoc networks significantly. Key words: ad hoc networks

Reisslein, Martin

247

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks Yih-Chun Hu a University, Houston, TX 77005, USA Abstract An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless computers (nodes stations or access points. Although many previous ad hoc network routing protocols have been based in part

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

248

Title Gated Communities, Homogeneity and Social Distance in Las Vegas and Phoenix.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and age. The authors apply an index of local social distance, based on multivariate factor analysis spaces compared to the surrounding neighborhoods. The research contributes to a well established line significant level of dissimilarity between two contiguous census areas. Based on the analysis of discontinuity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

A Surface Energy Transfer Nanoruler for Measuring Binding Site Distances on Live Cell Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

background significantly reduces the signal-to-background ratio of the plasmonic sensor and greatly hinders SET nanoruler for live cells with long distance, easy construction, fast detection, and low background (LSPR) sensors meet these requirements.8-10 Liu et al.8 constructed a nanoplasmonic molecular ruler

Tan, Weihong

250

Energy Displays and Environmental Behavior: The Role of Social Values and Psychological Distance of Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Displays and Environmental Behavior: The Role of Social Values and Psychological Distance environmental behavior and the utility of energy displays. The British government, through energy companies established baseline scores of values. Subsequently, participants were asked to report their home energy use

McAuley, Derek

251

Fast Approximations for Sums of Distances, Clustering and the Fermat-Weber Problem 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Approximations for Sums of Distances, Clustering and the Fermat-Weber Problem 1 Prosenjit Bose Fermat-Weber problem in any #12;xed dimension. 1 Introduction Let S = fp 1 ; : : : ; p n g be a set roots that can be irrational numbers [1]. A famous problem related to the function w is the Fermat-Weber

Bose, Prosenjit

252

Fast Approximations for Sums of Distances, Clustering and the Fermat-Weber Problem 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Approximations for Sums of Distances, Clustering and the Fermat-Weber Problem 1 Prosenjit Bose) time deterministic and O(n) time randomized #15;-approximation algorithm for the so called Fermat-Weber numbers [1]. A famous problem related to the function w is the Fermat-Weber problem [4] which asks

Morin, Pat

253

Fast Approximations for Sums of Distances, Clustering and the Fermat-Weber Problem y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Approximations for Sums of Distances, Clustering and the Fermat-Weber Problem y Prosenjit Bose algorithm for the so called Fermat-Weber problem in any #12;xed dimension. 1 Introduction Let S = fp 1 be irrational numbers [1]. A famous problem related to the function w is the Fermat-Weber problem [4] which asks

Bose, Prosenjit

254

Distance Effect of Molecular Harvesting over Signal Reception and Harvesting Performance in DIRECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Effect of Molecular Harvesting over Signal Reception and Harvesting Performance in DIRECT, they do not attenuate over time and they are considered 100% reusable, if properly harvested. In this paper, the impact of harvester location over the signal reception and the harvesting performance

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

255

Study of spin sum rules (and the strong coupling constant at large distances)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present recent results from Jefferson Lab on sum rules related to the spin structure of the nucleon. We then discuss how the Bjorken sum rule, with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.

A. Deur

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

A conjecture of Biggs concerning the resistance of a distance-regular graph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Previously, Biggs has conjectured that the resistance between any two points on a distance-regular graph of valency greater than 2 is bounded by twice the resistance between adjacent points. We prove this conjecture, give the sharp constant for the inequality, and display the graphs for which the conjecture most nearly fails. Some necessary background material is included, as well as some consequences.

Markowsky, Greg

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

On the Stability of Distance-based Formation Control Dimos V. Dimarogonas and Karl H. Johansson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be provably correct when the formation graph is a tree. Moreover, it is shown that the tree structure by the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, and the EU NoE HYCON. recent Ph that it stabilizes the system to the desired relative distances provided that the formation graph is a tree

Johansson, Karl Henrik

258

Altitude: (single value) O MSL O AGL Distance: and/or Radial (bearing): from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intersection O ATC Fac O NAVAID CONFLICTS Estimated miss distance in feet: horiz vert Was evasive action taken Days hrs Time in Type hrs CERTIFICATES & RATINGS O Student O Sport/Rec O Private O Commercial O ATP o ____________ LOCAL TIME (24 hr. clock) _________________ DO NOT REPORT AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS AND CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES

259

I-Space: The Effects of Emotional Valence and Source of Music on Interpersonal Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I-Space: The Effects of Emotional Valence and Source of Music on Interpersonal Distance Ana personal space, that is, the emotionally-tinged zone around the human body that people feel is ``their space''. We evaluated the effects of emotional valence (positive versus negative) and source (external

Sheldon, Nathan D.

260

Secure Computation of Functionalities based on Hamming Distance and its Application to Computing Document Similarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Computation of Functionalities based on Hamming Distance and its Application to Computing, Israel. Abstract This paper examines secure two-party computation of functions which depend only these functions. In particular, we present protocols which are secure in the sense of full simulatability against

Pinkas, Benny

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Maps preserving the joint numerical radius distance of operators Chi-Kwong Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maps preserving the joint numerical radius distance of operators Chi-Kwong Li and Edward Poon Dedicated to Professor David Lutzer on the occasion of his retirement. Abstract Denote the joint numerical radius of an m-tuple of bounded operators A = (A1, . . . , Am) by w(A). We give a complete description

Li, Chi-Kwong

262

COMPRESSIVE VIDEO CLASSIFICATION IN A LOW-DIMENSIONAL MANIFOLD WITH LEARNED DISTANCE METRIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPRESSIVE VIDEO CLASSIFICATION IN A LOW-DIMENSIONAL MANIFOLD WITH LEARNED DISTANCE METRIC George Tzagkarakis1 , Grigorios Tsagkatakis2 , Jean-Luc Starck1 and Panagiotis Tsakalides2 1 Commissariat `a l'´Energie of video classification based on a set of com- pressed features, without the need of accessing the original

Tsakalides, Panagiotis

263

Haptic Rendering of Parametric Surfaces Using a Feedback Stabilized Extremal Distance Tracking Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Haptic Rendering of Parametric Surfaces Using a Feedback Stabilized Extremal Distance Tracking rendering. 1. Introduction Haptic rendering is the process by which virtual objects are made apparent to be felt and at the same time made available to be manipulated by a human user. Haptic render- ing requires

Gillespie, Brent

264

Haptic Rendering of Parametric Surfaces Using a Feedback Stabilized Extremal Distance Tracking Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Haptic Rendering of Parametric Surfaces Using a Feedback Stabilized Extremal Distance Tracking representation of haptic rendering. Haptic rendering is the process by which virtual objects are made apparent to be felt and at the same time made available to be manipulated by a human user. Haptic rendering requires

Gillespie, Brent

265

Exploring Video Streaming in Public Settings: Shared Geocaching Over Distance Using Mobile Video Chat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring Video Streaming in Public Settings: Shared Geocaching Over Distance Using Mobile Video Mountain View, CA, USA tkjudge@google.com ABSTRACT Our research explores the use of mobile video chat are doing the same activity together at the same time. We prototyped a wearable video chat experience

Cortes, Corinna

266

Reducing the Plagiarism Detection Search Space on the Basis of the Kullback-Leibler Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing the Plagiarism Detection Search Space on the Basis of the Kullback-Leibler Distance, jbenedi}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle/ Abstract. Automatic plagiarism detection the plagiarised fragments to their potential source. Publications on this task often assume that the search space

Rosso, Paolo

267

Energetically Optimal Travel across Terrain: Visualizations and a New Metric of Geographic Distance with Archaeological Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetically Optimal Travel across Terrain: Visualizations and a New Metric of Geographic Distance the energetically least cost path is shown in blue. This visualization shows how least cost paths often follow propose new methods for terrain visualization and analysis based on measuring paths of least caloric

Wood, Zoë J.

268

A Performance Study of Kullback-Leibler Distance-based Spectrum Sensing Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use suggests that radio spectrum shortage could be overcome by allowing immediate local spectrum availability. A new class of radios that is able to reliably sense the spectral1 A Performance Study of Kullback-Leibler Distance-based Spectrum Sensing Algorithm Bassem Zayen

Gesbert, David

269

Distance-preserving rigidity penalty on deformable image registration of multiple skeletal components in the neck  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: This study aims at developing and testing a novel rigidity penalty suitable for the deformable registration of tightly located skeletal components in the head and neck from planning computed tomography (CT) and daily cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Methods: The proposed rigidity penalty is designed to preserve intervoxel distances within each bony structure. This penalty was tested in the intensity-based B-spline deformable registration of five cervical vertebral bodies (C1C5). The displacement vector fields (DVFs) from the registrations were compared to the DVFs generated by using rigid body motions of the cervical vertebrae, measured by the surface registration of vertebrae delineated on CT and CBCT images. Twenty five pairs of planning CT (reference) and treatment CBCTs (target) from five patients were aligned without and with the penalty. An existing penalty based on the orthonormality of the deformation gradient tensor was also tested and the effects of the penalties compared. Results: The mean magnitude of the maximum registration error with the proposed distance-preserving penalty was (0.86, 1.12, 1.33) mm compared to (2.11, 2.49, 2.46) without penalty and (1.53, 1.64, 1.64) with the existing orthonormality-based penalty. The improvement in the accuracy of the deformable image registration was also verified by comparing the Procrustes distance between the DVFs. With the proposed penalty, the average distance was 0.11 (? 0.03 mm) which is smaller than 0.53 (0.1 mm) without penalty and 0.28 (0.04 mm) with the orthonormality-based penalty. Conclusions: The accuracy of aligning multiple bony elements was improved by using the proposed distance-preserving rigidity penalty. The voxel-based statistical analysis of the registration error shows that the proposed penalty improved the integrity of the DVFs within the vertebral bodies.

Kim, Jihun, E-mail: jihun@umich.edu; Saitou, Kazuhiro [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Matuszak, Martha M.; Balter, James M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Development of a test of Newton's law of gravitation at micrometer distances using a superconducting spherical torsion balance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Many theories associated with quantum gravity, such as string theory, predict violations of inverse square law (ISL) of gravity at sub millimetre distances. To search (more)

Rocco, Emanuele

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Ford Escape Advanced Research Fleet Monthly Summary Report -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

97 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 67 Total number of trips 1,720 Total distance traveled (mi) 19,451 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

272

Ford Escape Advanced Research Fleet Monthly Summary Report -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

00 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Total number of trips 1,755 Total distance traveled (mi) 20,687 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

273

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

12 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 75 Total number of trips 1,394 Total distance traveled (mi) 18,639 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

274

Efficient and Dynamic ? The BMW Group Roadmap for the Application...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

trips 8% Vacation 16% 60% of the fuel is used for long-distance trips per year in Germany. Source: * R. Thom, Fa. CAR * Federal Statistical Office, Germany BMW Group Dr....

275

SALT2: using distant supernovae to improve the use of Type Ia supernovae as distance indicators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an empirical model of Type Ia supernovae spectro-photometric evolution with time. The model is built using a large data set including light-curves and spectra of both nearby and distant supernovae, the latter being observed by the SNLS collaboration. We derive the average spectral sequence of Type Ia supernovae and their main variability components including a color variation law. The model allows us to measure distance moduli in the spectral range 2500-8000 A with calculable uncertainties, including those arising from variability of spectral features. Thanks to the use of high-redshift SNe to model the rest-frame UV spectral energy distribution, we are able to derive improved distance estimates for SNe Ia in the redshift range 0.8supernovae.

J. Guy; P. Astier; S. Baumont; D. Hardin; R. Pain; N. Regnault; S. Basa; R. G. Carlberg; A. Conley; S. Fabbro; D. Fouchez; I. M. Hook; D. A. Howell; K. Perrett; C. J. Pritchet; J. Rich; M. Sullivan; P. Antilogus; E. Aubourg; G. Bazin; J. Bronder; M. Filiol; N. Palanque-Delabrouille; P. Ripoche; V. Ruhlmann-Kleider

2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

276

Feasibility of measuring the Shapiro time delay over meter-scale distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The time delay of light as it passes by a massive object, first calculated by Shapiro in 1964, is a hallmark of the curvature of space-time. To date, all measurements of the Shapiro time delay have been made over solar-system distance scales. We show that the new generation of kilometer-scale laser interferometers being constructed as gravitational wave detectors, in particular Advanced LIGO, will in principle be sensitive enough to measure variations in the Shapiro time delay produced by a suitably designed rotating object placed near the laser beam. We show that such an apparatus is feasible (though not easy) to construct, present an example design, and calculate the signal that would be detectable by Advanced LIGO. This offers the first opportunity to measure space-time curvature effects on a laboratory distance scale.

S. Ballmer; S. Mrka; P. Shawhan

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

277

Effect of Welding Speed and Defocusing Distance on the Quality of Laser Welded Ti-6Al-4V  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Welding Speed and Defocusing Distance on the Quality of Laser Welded Ti-6Al-4V A:YAG laser, Laser welding, Ti-6Al-4V alloy Abstract In this study, the weldability of 5.1-mm thick Ti-6Al-4V at various welding speeds and defocusing distances. The joint quality was characterized in terms of weld

Medraj, Mamoun

278

Image-Set Matching using a Geodesic Distance and Cohort Normalization Yui Man Lui, J. Ross Beveridge, Bruce A. Draper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image-Set Matching using a Geodesic Distance and Cohort Normalization Yui Man Lui, J. Ross are viewed as points on a Grassmann manifold, then geodesic distance on the manifold becomes the natural way-known image-set matching algorithm, Mutual Subspace Method (MSM), which does not use geodesic dis- tance

Draper, Bruce A.

279

New bounds on the average distance from the Fermat-Weber center of a planar convex body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New bounds on the average distance from the Fermat-Weber center of a planar convex body Adrian Dumitrescu Minghui Jiang Csaba D. T´oth March 14, 2011 Abstract The Fermat-Weber center of a planar body Q that for any convex body Q in the plane, the average distance from the Fermat-Weber center of Q to the points

Dumitrescu, Adrian

280

Distance (m) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance (m) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 Frequency 0.0 0.1 0.2 0 nests Expected G(d) Distance (m) 0 150 300 450 600 750 900 1050 1200 1350 Frequency 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0

Hung, I-Kuai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 28:113120 (2001) Inuence of Nozzle-to-Skin Distance in Cryogen Spray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of dis- tance from the nozzle tip. Results: Size of spray cones and sprayed areas vary with distanceLasers in Surgery and Medicine 28:113120 (2001) Inuence of Nozzle-to-Skin Distance in Cryogen, the optimal atomizing nozzle design and operating conditions for cooling human skin remain to be determined

Aguilar, Guillermo

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

PLANETARY NEBULAE IN THE ELLIPTICAL GALAXY NGC 4649 (M 60): KINEMATICS AND DISTANCE REDETERMINATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a slitless spectroscopy method with (1) the 8.2 m Subaru telescope and its FOCAS Cassegrain spectrograph and (2) the ESO Very Large Telescope unit 1 (Antu) and its FORS2 Cassegrain spectrograph, we have detected 326 planetary nebulae (PNs) in the giant Virgo elliptical galaxy NGC 4649 (M 60) and measured their radial velocities. After rejecting some PNs more likely to belong to the companion galaxy NGC 4647, we have built a catalog with kinematic information for 298 PNs in M 60. Using these radial velocities, we have concluded that they support the presence of a dark matter halo around M 60. Based on an isotropic, two-component Hernquist model, we estimate the dark matter halo mass within 3R{sub e} to be 4 x 10{sup 11} M{sub sun}, which is almost one-half of the total mass of about 10{sup 12} M{sub sun} within 3R{sub e}. This total mass is similar to that estimated from globular cluster, XMM-Newton, and Chandra observations. The dark matter becomes dominant outside. More detailed dynamical modeling of the PN data is being published in a companion paper. We have also measured the m(5007) magnitudes of many of these PNs and built a statistically complete sample of 218 PNs. The resulting PN luminosity function (PNLF) was used to estimate a distance modulus of 30.7 {+-} 0.2 mag, equivalent to 14 {+-} 1 Mpc. This confirms an earlier PNLF distance measurement based on a much smaller sample. The PNLF distance modulus remains smaller than the surface brightness fluctuation distance modulus by 0.4 mag.

Teodorescu, A. M.; Mendez, R. H. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Bernardi, F. [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 5, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Thomas, J.; Das, P.; Gerhard, O., E-mail: ana@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: mendez@ifa.hawaii.edu [Max Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, P.O. Box 1603, D-85740 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

283

Optical fiber configurations for transmission of laser energy over great distances  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There are provided optical fiber configurations that provide for the delivery of laser energy, and in particular, the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy over great distances. These configurations further are hardened to protect the optical fibers from the stresses and conditions of an intended application. The configurations provide means for determining the additional fiber length (AFL) need to obtain the benefits of such additional fiber, while avoiding bending losses.

Rinzler, Charles C; Zediker, Mark S

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

284

Optical fiber configurations for transmission of laser energy over great distances  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There are provided optical fiber configurations that provide for the delivery of laser energy, and in particular, the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy over great distances. These configurations further are hardened to protect the optical fibers from the stresses and conditions of an intended application. The configurations provide means for determining the additional fiber length (AFL) need to obtain the benefits of such additional fiber, while avoiding bending losses.

Rinzler, Charles C; Zediker, Mark S

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

285

Taking Consensus of Signed Distance Field for Hole Filling Ryusuke SAGAWA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distance field, SDF) SDF SDF SDF 2. SDF [5], [10], [18], [19], [21] SDF Curless Levoy[5] Wheeler [18] [14], [22], [23] Wheeler [18] n v d d = sgn(-n · v)|v| (1) sgn(x) x 1 -1 [22] 1 SDF Fig. 1 Corruption of the surface caused by wrong sign of SDF W W SDF 3. SDF SDF 1 1 2 #12;1 (marching cubes

Tokyo, University of

286

Too close for comfort: Stimulus valence moderates the influence of motivational orientation on distance perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, whereas avoidance is a preparedness to move away from it (Strack & Deutsch, 2004). According to the compatibility hypothesis (Neumann et al., 2003), positive stimuli are compatible with motivational orientation of approach and thus facilitate... orientation is associated with behaviors such as pulling that bring a stimulus physically closer to the person, it can also be defined as a preparedness to decrease the distance between a person and a stimulus (Strack & Deutsch, 2004). Given...

Krpan, Dario; Krpan, Simone

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

287

Detailed spectroscopic analysis of SN 1987A: The distance to the LMC using the SEAM method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supernova 1987A remains the most well-studied supernova to date. Observations produced excellent broad-band photometric and spectroscopic coverage over a wide wavelength range at all epochs. We model the observed spectra from Day 1 to Day 81 using a hydrodynamical model. We show that good agreement can be obtained at times up to about 60 days, if we allow for extended nickel mixing. Later than about 60 days the observed Balmer lines become stronger than our models can reproduce. We show that this is likely due to a more complicated distribution of gamma-rays than we allow for in our spherically symmetric calculations. We present synthetic light curves in UBVRIJHK and a synthetic bolometric light curve. Using this broad baseline of detailed spectroscopic models we find a distance modulus mu = 18.5 +/- 0.2 using the SEAM method of determining distances to supernovae. We find that the explosion time agrees with that of the neutrino burst and is constrained at 68 percent confidence to within +/- 0.9 days. We argue that the weak Balmer lines of our detailed model calculations casts doubt on the accuracy of the purely photometric EPM method. We also suggest that Type IIP supernovae will be most useful as distance indicators at early times due to a variety of effects.

Mitchell, Robert C.; Baron, E.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.; Nugent, Peter E.; Lundqvist, Peter; Blinnikov, Sergei; Pun, Chun S.J.

2002-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

A ``Short'' Distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud With the Hipparcos Calibrated Red Clump Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following an approach developed by Paczy\\'nski & Stanek, we derive a distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) by comparing red clump stars from the Hipparcos catalog with the red clump stars observed in two fields in the LMC that were selected from the ongoing photometric survey of the Magellanic Clouds to lie in low extinction regions. The use of red clump stars allows a single step determination of the distance modulus to the LMC, $\\mu_{0,LMC} = 18.065\\pm 0.031\\pm 0.09 $mag (statistical plus systematic error), and the corresponding distance, $R_{LMC}= 41.02\\pm 0.59\\pm 1.74 kpc$. This measurement is in excellent agreement with the recent determination by Udalski et al., also based on the red clump stars, but is $\\sim 0.4 $mag smaller than the generally accepted value of $\\mu_{0,LMC} = 18.50\\pm 0.15 $mag. We discuss possible reasons for this discrepancy and how it can be resolved.

K. Z. Stanek; D. Zaritsky; J. Harris

1998-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

289

SLOPE STABILITY EVALUATION AND EQUIPMENT SETBACK DISTANCES FOR BURIAL GROUND EXCAVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After 1970 Transuranic (TRU) and suspect TRU waste was buried in the ground with the intention that at some later date the waste would be retrieved and processed into a configuration for long term storage. To retrieve this waste the soil must be removed (excavated). Sloping the bank of the excavation is the method used to keep the excavation from collapsing and to provide protection for workers retrieving the waste. The purpose of this paper is to document the minimum distance (setback) that equipment must stay from the edge of the excavation to maintain a stable slope. This evaluation examines the equipment setback distance by dividing the equipment into two categories, (1) equipment used for excavation and (2) equipment used for retrieval. The section on excavation equipment will also discuss techniques used for excavation including the process of benching. Calculations 122633-C-004, 'Slope Stability Analysis' (Attachment A), and 300013-C-001, 'Crane Stability Analysis' (Attachment B), have been prepared to support this evaluation. As shown in the calculations the soil has the following properties: Unit weight 110 pounds per cubic foot; and Friction Angle (natural angle of repose) 38{sup o} or 1.28 horizontal to 1 vertical. Setback distances are measured from the top edge of the slope to the wheels/tracks of the vehicles and heavy equipment being utilized. The computer program utilized in the calculation uses the center of the wheel or track load for the analysis and this difference is accounted for in this evaluation.

MCSHANE DS

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

290

The Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment. Red Clump Stars as a Distance Indicator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present relation of the mean I-band brightness of red clump stars on metallicity. Red clump stars were proposed to be a very attractive standard candle for distance determination. The calibration is based on 284 nearby red giant stars whose high quality spectra allowed to determine accurate individual metal abundances. High quality parallaxes (\\sigma_\\pi / \\pi < 10%) and photometry of these very bright stars come from Hipparcos measurements. Metallicity of the sample covers a large range: -0.6<[Fe/H]<+0.2 dex. We find a weak dependence of the mean I-band brightness on metallicity (about 0.13 mag/dex). What is more important, the range of metallicity of the Hipparcos sample partially overlaps with metallicity of field giants in the LMC, thus making it possible to determine the distance to the LMC by almost direct comparison of brightness of the local Hipparcos red clump giants with that of LMC stars. Photometry of field red clump giants in nine low extinction fields of the LMC halo collected during the OGLE-II microlensing survey compared with the Hipparcos red clump stars data yields the distance modulus to the LMC: (m-M)_LMC=18.24+/-0.08 mag.

A. Udalski

2000-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

291

A theoretical analysis of the systematic errors in the Red Clump distance to the LMC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a detailed analysis of the uncertainty on the theoretical population corrections to the LMC Red Clump (RC) absolute magnitude, by employing a population synthesis algorithm to simulate theoretically the photometric and spectroscopic properties of RC stars, under various assumptions about the LMC Star Formation Rate (SFR) and Age Metallicity Relationship (AMR). A comparison of the outcome of our simulations with observations of evolved low-intermediate mass stars in the LMC allows one to select the combinations of SFR and AMR that bracket the real LMC star formation history, and to estimate the systematic error on the associated RC population corrections. The most accurate estimate of the LMC distance modulus from the RC method (adopting the OGLE-II reddening maps for the LMC) is obtained from the K-band magnitude, and provides (m-M)_{0, LMC}=18.47 +/-0.01(random) +0.05/-0.06(systematic). Distances obtained from the I-band, or from the multicolour RC technique which determines at the same time reddening and distance, both agree (albeit with a slightly larger error bar) with this value.

Maurizio Salaris; Susan Percival; Leo Girardi

2003-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

292

The Stellar Content of the Southern Tail of NGC 4038/9 and a Revised Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used the Hubble Space Telescope and Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 to image the putative tidal dwarf galaxy located at the tip of the Southern tidal tail of NGC 4038/9, the Antennae. We resolve individual stars, and identify two stellar populations. Hundreds of massive stars are present, concentrated into tight OB associations on scales of 200 pc, with ages ranging from 2-100 Myr. An older stellar population is distributed roughly following the outer contours of the neutral hydrogen in the tidal tail; we associate these stars with material ejected from the outer disks of the two spirals. The older stellar population has a red giant branch tip at I=26.5+/-0.2 from which we derive a distance modulus (m-M)_0=30.7+/-0.25. The implied distance of 13.8+/-1.7 Mpc is significantly smaller than commonly quoted distances for NGC 4038/9. In contrast to the previously studied core of the merger, we find no super star clusters. One might conclude that SSCs require the higher pressures found in the central regions i...

Saviane, I; Rich, R M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions of Protons in Host Metals at Picometre Distance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review is given for the explanation of the measurements of Miley et al. of a fully reproducible generation of nuclei of the whole periodic table by protons in host metals during a several-weeks reaction. Similar low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR) were observed by other groups. The fact that the heavy nuclides are not due to pollution can be seen from the fact that such very rare elements as thulium and terbium were detected by unique K-shell X-ray spectra. The nuclear reaction energy goes into the heavy nuclei as measured from much bigger traces in CR39 than from alphas. The fact that any reaction of the protons results in stable daughter nuclei is confirmed by the fact that the highest energy gain is resulting with stable reaction products. This has been explained in Ref. 2, and the energy gain for the heavy element generation by a compound reaction was discussed. The explanation is based on the model of the authors from 1989 to assume free motion of the protons contrary to localized crystalline states. A relation of the reaction time U on distance d of the reacting nuclei by a power law with an exponent 34.8 was derived. Based on few reproducible D-D reactions, a reaction time near the range of megaseconds and a reaction distance of nanometers was concluded. A splendid confirmation of the picometre-megasecond reactions was achieved by Li et al. from his direct quantum mechanical calculations of the hot fusion D-T reactions based on a one-step selective resonance tunneling model. Li et al. were able for the first time to derive the cross sections of the hot fusion. Li's application to picometre distance showed megasecond reaction times with no neutron or gamma emission. Because of the imaginary part in the Schroedinger potential, the problem of the level width is reduced by damping.

Heinrich Hora; George H. Miley; Jak C. Kelly

2000-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

294

Spin Sum Rules and the Strong Coupling Constant at large distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present recent results on the Bjorken and the generalized forward spin polarizability sum rules from Jefferson Lab Hall A and CLAS experiments, focusing on the low $Q^2$ part of the measurements. We then discuss the comparison of these results with Chiral Perturbation theory calculations. In the second part of this paper, we show how the Bjorken sum rule with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.

A. Deur

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

295

The design, construction, and operation of long-distance high-voltage electricity transmission technologies.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on transmission lines, which operate at voltages of 115 kV and higher. Currently, the highest voltage lines comprising the North American power grid are at 765 kV. The grid is the network of transmission lines that interconnect most large power plants on the North American continent. One transmission line at this high voltage was built near Chicago as part of the interconnection for three large nuclear power plants southwest of the city. Lines at this voltage also serve markets in New York and New England, also very high demand regions. The large power transfers along the West Coast are generally at 230 or 500 kV. Just as there are practical limits to centralization of power production, there are practical limits to increasing line voltage. As voltage increases, the height of the supporting towers, the size of the insulators, the distance between conductors on a tower, and even the width of the right-of-way (ROW) required increase. These design features safely isolate the electric power, which has an increasing tendency to arc to ground as the voltage (or electrical potential) increases. In addition, very high voltages (345 kV and above) are subject to corona losses. These losses are a result of ionization of the atmosphere, and can amount to several megawatts of wasted power. Furthermore, they are a local nuisance to radio transmission and can produce a noticeable hum. Centralized power production has advantages of economies of scale and special resource availability (for instance, hydro resources), but centralized power requires long-distance transfers of power both to reach customers and to provide interconnections for reliability. Long distances are most economically served at high voltages, which require large-scale equipment and impose a substantial footprint on the corridors through which power passes. The most visible components of the transmission system are the conductors that provide paths for the power and the towers that keep these conductors at a safe distance from each other and from the ground and the natural and built environment. Common elements that are generally less visible (or at least more easily overlooked) include the maintained ROW along the path of the towers, access roads needed for maintenance, and staging areas used for initial construction that may be restored after construction is complete. Also visible but less common elements along the corridor may include switching stations or substations, where lines of similar or different voltages meet to transfer power.

Molburg, J. C.; Kavicky, J. A.; Picel, K. C.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

296

"Actuation at a distance" of microelectromechanical systems using photoelectrowetting: proof-of-concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate here a proof-of-concept experiment that microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) can be actuated using photoelectrowetting. In order to demonstrate this, a 30 \\mu m thick aluminum cantilever is actuated using an ordinary white light source. A deflection of 56 \\mu m is observed using a light irradiance equal to \\approx 1000 W m-2 at a bias of 7 V. The deflection of the cantilever relies on the recently observed photoelectrowetting effect [Sci. Rep.1, 184 (2011)]. Such "actuation at a distance" could be useful for optical addressing and control of autonomous wireless sensors, MEMS and microsystems.

Gaudet, Matthieu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The distance modulus of the Large Magellanic Cloud: Constraints from RR Lyrae pulsation properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has recently been suggested that the discrepancy between the "long" and "short" distance moduli of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), as inferred from the properties of the Cepheid and RR Lyrae variables, respectively, might be due to the action of "third parameters" between the Galaxy and the LMC, which would make the RR Lyraes in the old LMC globular clusters brighter than their Galactic counterparts by $\\simeq 0.3 {mag}$. Through analysis of the RR Lyrae pulsation properties, we show that this idea is not supported by the available data. A satisfactory explanation of the problem has yet to be found.

M. Catelan

1996-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

298

Trip Report-Produced-Water Field Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) conducted field testing of a produced-water pretreatment apparatus with assistance from faculty at the Texas A&M University (TAMU) protein separation sciences laboratory located on the TAMU main campus. The following report details all of the logistics surrounding the testing. The purpose of the test was to use a new, commercially-available filter media housing containing modified zeolite (surfactant-modified zeolite or SMZ) porous medium for use in pretreatment of oil and gas produced water (PW) and frac-flowback waters. The SMZ was tested previously in October, 2010 in a lab-constructed configuration ('old multicolumn system'), and performed well for removal of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) from PW. However, a less-expensive, modular configuration is needed for field use. A modular system will allow the field operator to add or subtract SMZ filters as needed to accommodate site specific conditions, and to swap out used filters easily in a multi-unit system. This test demonstrated the use of a commercial filter housing with a simple flow modification and packed with SMZ for removing BTEX from a PW source in College Station, Texas. The system will be tested in June 2012 at a field site in Pennsylvania for treating frac-flowback waters. The goals of this test are: (1) to determine sorption efficiency of BTEX in the new configuration; and (2) to observe the range of flow rates, backpressures, and total volume treated at a given flow rate.

Sullivan, Enid J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

299

Summary of Simulated Field Trip Session  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mines to majestic bighorn sheep, and ribbons of pipeline to wide open spaces. The Bureau of Land--most of the heavily used areas of the Ranger District are undeveloped. The District is now planning and designing recreation facilities, and anticipates several recre- ation facility rehabilitation and construction projects

Standiford, Richard B.

300

Light celebrating place, West Texas Road Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................ 256 148 The Wind Case Study: Turbine Overview #1 ............................................ 257 149 The Wind Case Study: Turbine Overview #2 ........................................... 257 150 The Wind Case Study: Turbine Blade Detail Daylight................................. 258 151 The Wind Case Study: Turbine Blade Detail Illuminated ......................... 258 152 The Wind Case Study: Turbine Line Illuminated #1 ................................. 259 153 The Wind Case Study: Turbine Line Illuminated #2...

Mulholland, Jill Cecilia

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Avoid Nuisance Tripping with Premium Efficiency Motors  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: Scope ChangeL-01-06 AuditAugustAviation ProfessionalAvoid

302

Fairness Enactment as Response to Higher Level Unfairness The Roles of Self-Construal and Spatial Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-interdependent self-construal In focusing on spatial distance, we take our cue from several literatures especially, the job design literature (Szilagyi & Holland, 1980). Within this literature there is a widely shared understanding of how objective, physical variables...

van Houwelingen, Gijs; van Dijke, Marius; De Cremer, David

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

303

The Araucaria Project: The Distance to NGC 300 from the Red Giant Branch Tip using HST/ACS imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used the Advanced Camera for Surveys on board the Hubble Space Telescope to obtain deep photometry of the NGC 300 spiral galaxy in the Sculptor group. The results have been used to derive an accurate distance determination based on the Tip of the Red Giant Branch distance estimator. Both edge-detection and maximum likelihood methods have been applied, to derive a distance modulus (m-M)_0=26.30 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.12 for edge-detection, and (m-M)_0=26.36 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.12 for maximum likelihood. These results are fully consistent with the recent distance estimate derived from near-IR photometry of Cepheids variable stars in the context of the Araucaria project, (m-M)_0= 26.37 +/- 0.05 +/- 0.03.

Luca Rizzi; Fabio Bresolin; Rolf-Peter Kudritzki; Wolfgang Gieren; Grzegorz Pietrzynski

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

304

Faculty perceptions about attributes and barriers impacting diffusion of web-based distance education (WBDE) at the China Agricultural University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

he purpose of this study was to examine faculty perceptions about attributes and barriers impacting diffusion of Web-based distance education (WBDE) at the China Agricultural University (CAU). Random and stratified sampling was used and 273 faculty...

Li, Yan

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Morphological variability in long-distance subject-verb agreement: A study of native and nonnative processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined morphosyntactic variability in Spanish-speaking learners of English in order to determine the effects of two linguistic factors on the establishment of subject-verb agreement: structural distance and ...

Ocampo, Sally Ann

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Tangent length and sight distance effects on accident rates at horizontal curves on two-lane rural highways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis documents an evaluation of the relationships between accident rates at horizontal curves and preceding tangent length and sight distance. Data collection and statistical methods used to evaluate this relationship are presented. A base...

Fink, Kenneth Lee

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Walking, running, and resting under time, distance, and average speed constraints: Optimality of walk-run-rest mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a more ecological (non-treadmill) setting. We asked subjects to travel a given distance overground to go from your house to the bus stop and have very little time to do so. You would likely run the whole

Srinivasan, Manoj

308

Unusual flux-distance relationship for pulsars suggested by analysis of the Australia national telescopy facility pulsar catalogue  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze pulsar fluxes at 1400 MHz (S(1400)) and distances d taken from the Australia National Telescope Facility (ATNF) Pulsar Catalogue. Under the assumption that pulsar populations in different parts of the Galaxy are similar, we find that either (a) pulsar fluxes diminish with distance according to a non-standard power law (we suggest S(1400){proportional_to} 1/d rather than {proportional_to} 1/d{sup 2}) or (b) that there are very significant (i.e. order of magnitude) errors in the distance estimates quoted in the ATNF Catalogue. The former conclusion (a) supports a recent model for pulsar emission that has also successfully explained the frequency spectrum of the Crab pulsar over 16 orders of magnitude of frequency, whilst alternative (b) would necessitate a radical re-evaluation of both the dispersion method for estimating pulsar distances and current ideas about the distribution of pulsars within our Galaxy.

Singleton, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Perez, M R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Singleton, J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ardavan, H [UNIV OF CAMBRIDGE; Ardavan, A [UNIV OF OXFORD

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Parametric study on maximum transportable distance and cost for thermal energy transportation using various coolants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The operation temperature of advanced nuclear reactors is generally higher than commercial light water reactors and thermal energy from advanced nuclear reactor can be used for various purposes such as district heating, desalination, hydrogen production and other process heat applications, etc. The process heat industry/facilities will be located outside the nuclear island due to safety measures. This thermal energy from the reactor has to be transported a fair distance. In this study, analytical analysis was conducted to identify the maximum distance that thermal energy could be transported using various coolants such as molten-salts, helium and water by varying the pipe diameter and mass flow rate. The cost required to transport each coolant was also analyzed. The coolants analyzed are molten salts (such as: KClMgCl2, LiF-NaF-KF (FLiNaK) and KF-ZrF4), helium and water. Fluoride salts are superior because of better heat transport characteristics but chloride salts are most economical for higher temperature transportation purposes. For lower temperature water is a possible alternative when compared with He, because low pressure He requires higher pumping power which makes the process very inefficient and economically not viable for both low and high temperature application.

Su-Jong Yoon; Piyush Sabharwall

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

On the Bias of the Distance-Redshift Relation from Gravitational Lensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A long standing question in cosmology is whether gravitational lensing changes the distance-redshift relation $D(z)$ or the mean flux density of sources. Interest in this has been rekindled by recent studies in non-linear relativistic perturbation theory that find biases in both the area of a surface of constant redshift and in the mean distance to this surface, with a fractional bias in both cases on the order of the mean squared convergence $\\langle \\kappa^2 \\rangle$. Any such area bias could alter CMB cosmology, and the corresponding bias in mean flux density could affect supernova cosmology. Here we show that, in an ensemble averaged sense, the perturbation to the area of a surface of constant redshift is in reality much smaller, being on the order of the cumulative bending angle squared, or roughly a part-in-a-million effect. This validates the arguments of Weinberg (1976) that the mean magnification $\\mu$ of sources is unity and of Kibble \\& Lieu (2005) that the mean direction-averaged inverse magni...

Kaiser, Nick

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Dynamic Rotor Deformation and Vibration Monitoring Using a Non-Incremental Laser Doppler Distance Sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monitoring rotor deformations and vibrations dynamically is an important task for improving the safety and the lifetime as well as the energy efficiency of motors and turbo machines. However, due to the high rotor speed encountered in particular at turbo machines, this requires concurrently a high measurement rate and high accuracy, which can not be fulfilled by most commercially available sensors. To solve this problem, we developed a non-incremental laser Doppler distance sensor (LDDS), which is able to measure simultaneously the in-plane velocity and the out-of-plane position of moving rough solid objects with micrometer precision. In addition, this sensor concurrently offers a high temporal resolution in the microsecond range, because its position uncertainty is in principle independent of the object velocity in contrast to conventional distance sensors, which is a unique feature of the LDDS. Consequently, this novel sensor enables precise and dynamic in-process deformation and vibration measurements on rotating objects, such as turbo machine rotors, even at very high speed. In order to evidence the capability of the LDDS, measurements of rotor deformations (radial expansion), vibrations and wobbling motions are presented at up to 50,000 rpm rotor speed.

Pfister, Thorsten; Guenther, Philipp; Dreier, Florian; Czarske, Juergen [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Laboratory for Measurement and Testing Techniques, Helmholtzstrasse 18, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

312

Resolution of Distance Ambiguities of Inner Galaxy Massive Star Formation Regions II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report simultaneous H110alpha and H2CO line observations with the NRAO Green Bank Telescope toward 72 H II regions in the SPITZER/GLIMPSE survey area (|l| = 10 deg - 65 deg and |b| distances. We examined the projected location of H II regions whose distance ambiguities have been resolved (in this work and other similar studies) in the Galactic plane and in a longitude-velocity diagram for a recognizable spiral arm pattern. Although the highest density of points in the position-position plot approximately follows the spiral arms proposed by Taylor and Cordes (1993), the dispersion is still about as large as the separation between their proposed arms. The longitude-velocity plot shows an increase in the density of sources at the points where the spiral arm loci proposed by Taylor and Cordes (1993) are approaching the locus of tangent point velocities and a lower density between the arm loci. However, it is not possible to trace spiral arms over significant segments of Galactic longitude in the longitude-velocity plot. We conclude that a very large number of H II regions in combination with more sophisticated Galactic rotation models will be required to obtain a more continuous spiral pattern from kinematic studies of H II regions than from fully sampled surveys of H I or CO.

M. Sewilo; C. Watson; E. Araya; E. Churchwell; P. Hofner; S. Kurtz

2004-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

313

A PARALLAX DISTANCE AND MASS ESTIMATE FOR THE TRANSITIONAL MILLISECOND PULSAR SYSTEM J1023+0038  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recently discovered transitional millisecond pulsar system J1023+0038 exposes a crucial evolutionary phase of recycled neutron stars for multiwavelength study. The system, comprising the neutron star itself, its stellar companion, and the surrounding medium, is visible across the electromagnetic spectrum from the radio to X-ray/gamma-ray regimes and offers insight into the recycling phase of millisecond pulsar evolution. Here, we report on multiple-epoch astrometric observations with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) which give a system parallax of 0.731 {+-} 0.022 milliarcseconds (mas) and a proper motion of 17.98 {+-} 0.05 mas yr{sup -1}. By combining our results with previous optical observations, we are able to use the parallax distance of 1368{sup +42}{sub -{sub 39}} pc to estimate the mass of the pulsar to be 1.71 {+-} 0.16 M{sub Sun }, and we are also able to measure the three-dimensional space velocity of the system to be 126 {+-} 5 km s{sup -1}. Despite the precise nature of the VLBA measurements, the remaining {approx}3% distance uncertainty dominates the 0.16 M{sub Sun} error on our mass estimate.

Deller, A. T. [Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), 7990-AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Archibald, A. M.; Kaspi, V. M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Brisken, W. F. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Chatterjee, S. [Astronomy Department, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Janssen, G. H.; Lyne, A. G.; Stappers, B. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Lorimer, D.; McLaughlin, M. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Ransom, S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Stairs, I. H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

314

Maximum-entropy calculation of end-to-end distance distribution of force stretching chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the maximum-entropy method, we calculate the end-to-end distance distribution of the force stretched chain from the moments of the distribution, which can be obtained from the extension-force curves recorded in single-molecule experiments. If one knows force expansion of the extension through the $(n-1)$th power of force, it is enough information to calculate the $n$ moments of the distribution. We examine the method with three force stretching chain models, Gaussian chain, free-joined chain and excluded-volume chain on two-dimension lattice. The method reconstructs all distributions precisely. We also apply the method to force stretching complex chain molecules: the hairpin and secondary structure conformations. We find that the distributions of homogeneous chains of two conformations are very different: there are two independent peaks in hairpin distribution; while only one peak is observed in the distribution of secondary structure conformations. Our discussion also shows that the end-to-end distance distribution may discover more critical physical information than the simpler extension-force curves can give.

Luru Dai; Fei Liu; Zhong-can Ou-Yang

2002-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

315

ALFALFA Discovery of the Nearby Gas-Rich Dwarf Galaxy Leo P. IV. Distance Measurement from LBT Optical Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leo P is a low-luminosity dwarf galaxy discovered through the blind HI Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey. The HI and follow-up optical observations have shown that Leo P is a gas-rich dwarf galaxy with both active star formation and an underlying older population, as well as an extremely low oxygen abundance. Here, we measure the distance to Leo P by applying the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) distance method to photometry of the resolved stellar population from new Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) V and I band imaging. We measure a distance modulus of 26.19 (+0.17/-0.50) mag corresponding to a distance of 1.72 (+0.14/-0.40) Mpc. Although our photometry reaches 3 magnitudes below the TRGB, the sparseness of the red giant branch (RGB) yields higher uncertainties on the lower limit of the distance. Leo P is outside the Local Group with a distance and velocity consistent with the local Hubble flow. While located in a very low-density environment, Leo P lies within ~0.5 Mpc of a loose association of dw...

McQuinn, Kristen B W; Berg, Danielle; Cannon, John M; Salzer, John J; Adams, Elizabeth A K; Dolphin, Andrew; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P; Rhode, Katherine L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

DISCOM2: Distance Computing the SP2 Pilot FY98 Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a way to bootstrap the DISCOM(2) Distance Computing Program the SP2 Pilot Project was launched in March 1998. The Pilot was directed towards creating an environment to allow Sandia users to run their applications on the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative's (ASCI) Blue Pacific computation platform, the unclassified IBM SP2 platform at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The DISCOM(2) Pilot leverages the ASCI PSE (Problem solving Environment) efforts in networking and services to baseline the performance of the current system. Efforts in the following areas of the pilot are documented: applications, services, networking, visualization, and the system model. It details not only the running of two Sandia codes CTH and COYOTE on the Blue Pacific platform, but also the buildong of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) proxy environment of the RS6000 platforms to support the Sandia users.

Beiriger, Judy; Byers, Rupert K.; Ernest, Martha J.; Goudy, Sue P.; Noe, John P.; Pratt, Thomas J.; Shirley, David N.; Tarman, Thomas D.; VanDevender, Walter H.; Wiltzius, David P.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Bures distance as a measure of entanglement for two-mode squeezed thermal states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a reliable entanglement measure for a two-mode squeezed thermal state of the quantum electromagnetic field in terms of its Bures distance to the set of all separable states of the same kind. The requisite fidelity of a pair of two-mode squeezed thermal states is exactly evaluated. By applying the Peres-Simon criterion of separability, we find the closest separable state. This enables us to establish an insightful expression of the amount of entanglement. We also derive the relative entropy of a two-mode squeezed thermal state with respect to another one. This quantity is exploited in the pure-state case by undertaking a similar approximation for the entropic entanglement of a two-mode squeezed vacuum state. Comparison with previous work lends support to our approach that replaces the reference set of all separable Gaussian states by its subset consisting only of the squeezed thermal ones.

Marian, Paulina [Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Boulevard Regina Elisabeta 4-12, R-030018 Bucharest (Romania); Marian, Tudor A. [Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Bucharest, P.O. Box MG-11, R-077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Scutaru, Horia [Center for Advanced Studies in Physics of the Romanian Academy, Calea 13 Septembrie 13, R-050711 Bucharest (Romania)

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Evidence for Correlations Between Nuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unexplained periodic fluctuations in the decay rates of Si-32 and Ra-226 have been reported by groups at Brookhaven National Laboratory (Si-32), and at the Physikalisch-Technische-Bundesandstalt in Germany (Ra-226). We show from an analysis of the raw data in these experiments that the observed fluctuations are strongly correlated in time, not only with each other, but also with the distance between the Earth and the Sun. Some implications of these results are also discussed, including the suggestion that discrepancies in published half-life determinations for these and other nuclides may be attributable in part to differences in solar activity during the course of the various experiments, or to seasonal variations in fundamental constants.

Jere H. Jenkins; Ephraim Fischbach; John B. Buncher; John T. Gruenwald; Dennis E. Krause; Joshua J. Mattes

2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

319

Distance-Redshift in Inhomogeneous $Omega_0=1$ Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance--redshift relations are given in terms of associated Legendre functions for partially filled beam observations inspatially flat Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) cosmologies. These models are dynamically pressure-free, flat FLRW on large scales but, due to mass inhomogeneities, differ in their optical properties. The partially filled beam area-redshift equation is a Lame$^{\\prime}$ equation for arbitrary FLRW and is shown to simplify to the associated Legendre equation for the spatially flat, i.e. $\\Omega_0=1$ case. We fit these new analytic Hubble curves to recent supernovae (SNe) data in an attempt to determine both the mass parameter $\\Omega_m$ and the beam filling parameter $\

R. Kantowski; R. C. Thomas

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

320

Effect Of Platooning on Fuel Consumption of Class 8 Vehicles Over a Range of Speeds, Following Distances, and Mass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research project evaluates fuel consumption results of two Class 8 tractor-trailer combinations platooned together compared to their standalone fuel consumption. A series of ten modified SAE Type II J1321 fuel consumption track tests were performed to document fuel consumption of two platooned vehicles and a control vehicle at varying steady-state speeds, following distances, and gross vehicle weights (GVWs). The steady-state speeds ranged from 55 mph to 70 mph, the following distances ranged from a 20-ft following distance to a 75-ft following distance, and the GVWs were 65K lbs and 80K lbs. All tractors involved had U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SmartWay-compliant aerodynamics packages installed, and the trailers were equipped with side skirts. Effects of vehicle speed, following distance, and GVW on fuel consumption were observed and analyzed. The platooning demonstration system used in this study consisted of radar systems, Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications, vehicle braking and torque control interface, cameras and driver displays. The lead tractor consistently demonstrated an improvement in average fuel consumption reduction as following distance decreased, with results showing 2.7% to 5.3% fuel savings at a GVW of 65k. The trailing vehicle achieved fuel consumption savings ranging from 2.8% to 9.7%; tests during which the engine cooling fan did not operate achieved savings of 8.4% to 9.7%. 'Team' fuel savings, considering the platooned vehicles as one, ranged from 3.7% to 6.4%, with the best combined result being for 55 mph, 30-ft following distance, and 65k GVW.

Lammert, M. P.; Duran, A.; Diez, J.; Burton, K.; Nicholson, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

RADIO AND MID-INFRARED PROPERTIES OF COMPACT STARBURSTS: DISTANCING THEMSELVES FROM THE MAIN SEQUENCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the relationship between 8.44 GHz brightness temperatures and 1.4 to 8.44 GHz radio spectral indices with 6.2 {mu}m polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission and 9.7 {mu}m silicate absorption features for a sample of 36 local luminous and ultraluminous infrared galaxies. We find that galaxies having small 6.2 {mu}m PAH equivalent widths (EQWs), which signal the presence of weak PAH emission and/or an excess of very hot dust, also have flat spectral indices. The three active galactic nuclei (AGN) identified through their excessively large 8.44 GHz brightness temperatures are also identified as AGN via their small 6.2 {mu}m PAH EQWs. We also find that the flattening of the radio spectrum increases with increasing silicate optical depth, 8.44 GHz brightness temperature, and decreasing size of the radio source even after removing potential AGN, supporting the idea that compact starbursts show spectral flattening as the result of increased free-free absorption. These correlations additionally suggest that the dust obscuration in these galaxies must largely be coming from the vicinity of the compact starburst itself, and is not distributed throughout the (foreground) disk of the galaxy. Finally, we investigate the location of these infrared-bright systems relative to the main sequence (star formation rate versus stellar mass) of star-forming galaxies in the local universe. We find that the radio spectral indices of galaxies flatten with increasing distance above the main sequence, or in other words, with increasing specific star formation rate. This indicates that galaxies located above the main sequence, having high specific star formation rates, are typically compact starbursts hosting deeply embedded star formation that becomes more optically thick in the radio and infrared with increased distance above the main sequence.

Murphy, E. J. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Stierwalt, S.; Armus, L. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, MC 314-6, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Condon, J. J. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Evans, A. S., E-mail: emurphy@obs.carnegiescience.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, 530 McCormick Road, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Ford Escape Advanced Research Fleet Monthly Summary Report -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

41 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 118 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 84 Total number of trips 1,919 Total distance traveled (mi)...

323

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 66 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 725 Total distance...

324

_MainReport  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

through December 2012 Vehicle Usage Overall fuel economy (mpg) 137 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 212 Number of trips 29,901 Total distance traveled (mi)...

325

Toward a better understanding of the gamma index: Investigation of parameters with a surface-based distance method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to clarify the interactions between the parameters used in the {gamma} index with the surface-based distance method, which itself can be viewed as a generalized version of the {gamma} index. The examined parameters included the distance to agreement (DTA)/dose difference (DD) criteria, the percentage used as a passing criterion, and the passing percentage for given DTA/DD criteria. The specific aims of our work were (1) to understand the relationships between the parameters used in the {gamma} index, (2) to determine the detection limit, or the minimum detectable error, of the {gamma} index with a given set of parameters, and (3) to establish a procedure to determine parameters that are consistent with the capacity of an IMRT QA system. Methods: The surface-based distance technique with dose gradient factor was derived, and then the relationship between surface-based distance and {gamma} index was established. The dose gradient factor for plans and measurements of 10 IMRT patients, 10 spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) patients, and 3 Radiological Physics Center (RPC) head and neck phantom were calculated and evaluated. The detection limits of the surface-based distance and {gamma} index methods were examined by introducing known shifts to the 10 IMRT plans. Results: The means of the dose gradient factors were 0.434 mm/% and 0.956 mm/% for the SRS and IMRT plans, respectively. Key quantities (including the mean and 90th and 99th percentiles of the distance distribution) of the surface-based distance distribution between two dose distributions were linearly proportional to the actual shifts. However, the passing percentage of the {gamma} index for a given set of DTA/DD criteria was not associated with the actual shift. For IMRT, using the standard quality assurance criteria of 3 mm/3% DTA/DD and a 90% passing rate, we found that the detection limit of the {gamma} index in terms of global shift was 4.07 mm/4.07 % without noise. Conclusions: Surface-based distance is a direct measure of the difference between two dose distributions and can be used to evaluate or determine parameters for use in calculating the {gamma} index. The dose gradient factor represents the weighting between spatial and dose shift and should be determined before DTA/DD criteria are set. The authors also present a procedure to determine {gamma} index parameters from measurements.

Li Heng; Dong Lei; Zhang Lifei; Yang, James N.; Gillin, Michael T.; Zhu, X. Ronald [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Linear elastic fracture mechanics predicts the propagation distance of frictional slip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a frictional interface is subject to a localized shear load, it is often (experimentally) observed that local slip events initiate at the stress concentration and propagate over parts of the interface by arresting naturally before reaching the edge. We develop a theoretical model based on linear elastic fracture mechanics to describe the propagation of such precursory slip. The model's prediction of precursor lengths as a function of external load is in good quantitative agreement with laboratory experiments as well as with dynamic simulations, and provides thereby evidence to recognize frictional slip as a fracture phenomenon. We show that predicted precursor lengths depend, within given uncertainty ranges, mainly on the kinetic friction coefficient, and only weakly on other interface and material parameters. By simplifying the fracture mechanics model we also reveal sources for the observed non-linearity in the growth of precursor lengths as a function of the applied force. The discrete nature of precursors as well as the shear tractions caused by frustrated Poisson's expansion are found to be the dominant factors. Finally, we apply our model to a different, symmetric set-up and provide a prediction of the propagation distance of frictional slip for future experiments.

David S. Kammer; Mathilde Radiguet; Jean-Paul Ampuero; Jean-Franois Molinari

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

327

HZ Her: Stellar Radius from X-ray Eclipse Observations, Evolutionary State and a New Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of HZ Her/ Her X-1 by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) covering high state eclipses of the neutron star are analyzed here. Models of the eclipse are used to measure the radius and atmospheric scale height of HZ Her, the stellar companion to the neutron star. The radius is 2.61 to 3.03 $\\times10^{11}$ cm, depending on system inclination and mass ratio(q), with accuracy of $\\sim$1 part in 1000 for given inclination and q. We fit Kurucz model stellar atmosphere models to archival optical observations. The resulting effective temperature ($T_{eff}$) of the unheated face of HZ Her is determined to be in the 2$\\sigma$ range 7440K to 7620K, and metallicity ($log(Z/Z_{\\odot})$) in the range -0.14 to +.08. The model atmosphere surface flux and new radius yield a new distance to HZ Her/ Her X-1, depending on system inclination and q. We calculate stellar evolution models for the range of allowed masses (from orbital parameters), and allowed metallicities (from optical spectrum fits). The stellar mode...

Leahy, D A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Using Distance Estimates in Heuristic Search: A Re-evaluation Jordan T. Thayer and Wheeler Ruml and Jeff Kreis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the cost-to-go to speed up problem-solving. In many domains, operators have different costs and estimated cost-to-go is not the same as estimated search-distance-to- go. We investigate further accelerating benchmark domains all actions have the same cost, and so becoming greedy with respect to the cost

Ruml, Wheeler

329

Distance-based Representative Skyline Yufei Tao1 Ling Ding1 Xuemin Lin2 Jian Pei3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the problem is NP-hard, and give a 2-approximate polynomial time algorithm. Using a multidimensional access coordinate), and price (the vertical coordinate). The skyline has 8 points p1, p2, ..., p8. Skyline retrieval one offering a nice tradeoff between price and distance. S/he may not be sure about the relatively

Pei, Jian

330

3Solar Energy and the Distance to Juno from the Sun As the Juno spacecraft travels to Jupiter,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3Solar Energy and the Distance to Juno from the Sun As the Juno spacecraft travels to Jupiter spacecraft? Problem 2 ­ If the amount of solar energy falling on the Juno solar panels is determined by the inverse-square law, and the amount of solar energy generated by the solar panels at r = 1.0 AU is exactly

331

USDLA Awards Boston University School of Social Work a Platinum Award for Best Practices in Distance Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instructional Designer James A. Frey from the office of Distance Education collaboratively designed this course School of Social Work as a leader in the industry," said Dr. John G. Flores, executive director of USDLA, but also honors these fine BU educators, Professor Donna McLaughlin and Designer James A. Frey." "This year

Spence, Harlan Ernest

332

Week 4, Rain in my Brain On top of the Harbor Cone, Otago Peninsula, Pacific Ocean in the distance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Week 4, Rain in my Brain On top of the Harbor Cone, Otago Peninsula, Pacific Ocean in the distance of the ocean or of this beautiful city from on-high and it all comes back that we're here, a dream come true

Bardsley, John

333

BLIND RT60 ESTIMATION ROBUST ACROSS ROOM SIZES AND SOURCE DISTANCES Baldwin Dumortier1,2,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLIND RT60 ESTIMATION ROBUST ACROSS ROOM SIZES AND SOURCE DISTANCES Baldwin Dumortier1 be blindly es- timated from a speech or music signal. Current methods often implicitly assume sound sources. This paper features two contributions. Firstly, we propose a blind RT60 estimation method

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

334

Factors affecting the adoption of distance education technology by Cooperative Extension Agents in the State of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the population had over 15 years experience and a majority were agriculture Agents. Statistically most Agents had never delivered a program using distance education type technologies and very few of the Agents felt that learning required face-to-face meetings...

Jones, Edmund Theodore

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Long-Distance Interconnection as Solar Resource Intermittency Solution: Optimizing the Use of Energy Storage and the Geographic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Energy Storage and the Geographic Dispersion + Interconnection of Solar Generating Facilities. Marc J. R energy targets. Variability of the solar resource occurs across many different temporal scales: from energy storage and Long-distance interconnection coupled with geographic dispersion of solar generating

336

Process Mining, Discovery, and Integration using Distance Measures Joonsoo Bae Ling Liu James Caverlee William B. Rouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Process Mining, Discovery, and Integration using Distance Measures Joonsoo Bae Ling Liu James Institute of Technology, USA bill.rouse@isye.gatech.edu Abstract Business processes continue to play, and integrating process- oriented services has attracted growing attention in the recent year. In this paper we

Liu, Ling

337

Incompatibility of a comoving Ly-alpha forest with supernova-Ia luminosity distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Perlmutter et al. suggested a positive value of Einstein's cosmological constant Lambda on the basis of luminosity distances from type-Ia supernovae. However, Lambda world models had earlier been proposed by Hoell & Priester and Liebscher et al. on the basis of quasar absorption-line data. Employing more general repulsive fluids ("dark energy") encompassing the Lambda component we quantitatively compare both approaches with each other. Fitting the SN-data by a minimum-component model consisting of dark energy + dust yields a closed universe with a large amount of dust exceeding the baryonic content constrained by big-bang nucleosynthesis. The nature of the dark energy is hardly constrained. Only when enforcing a flat universe there is a clear tendency to a dark-energy Lambda fluid and the `canonical' value Omega_M = 0.3 for dust. Conversely, fitting the quasar-data by a minimum-component model yields a sharply defined, slightly closed model with a low dust density ruling out significant pressureless dark matter. The dark-energy component obtains an equation-of-state P = -0.96 epsilon close to that of a Lambda-fluid. Omega_M = 0.3 or a precisely flat spatial geometry are inconsistent with minimum-component models. It is found that quasar and supernova data sets cannot be reconciled with each other via (repulsive ideal fluid+dust+radiation)-world models. Compatibility could be reached by drastic expansion of the parameter space with at least two exotic fluids added to dust and radiation as world constituents. If considering such solutions as far-fetched one has to conclude that the quasar absorption line and the SN-Ia constraints are incompatible.

Jens Thomas; Hartmut Schulz

2001-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

338

DOC First-Year Trips Communication August 2013 Greetings from DOC Trips!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! #12;· If you are flying to Boston's Logan International Airport, we suggest using the Dartmouth Coach suitcases/boxes/etc... International students may access their room the day before, if needed. § The Housing bus service to get to campus. If you are flying to Manchester Regional Airport, we suggest Greyhound

339

Analysis of Individual Transit Trips in EMME/2: Calibration of 1996 TTC Trips Disaggregate Assignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assignment By Bernard Farrol Toronto Transit Commission And Vladimir Livshits Data Management Group Joint reductions in TTC operating budgets and subsidies. This is the first major project undertaken by TTC Planning

Toronto, University of

340

Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | Department of EnergyGeothermal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Synthesis and X-ray structures of silver and gold guanidinate-like complexes. A Au(II) complex with a 2.47 AuAu distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a 2.47 ? Au­Au distance Michael D. Irwin, Hanan E. Abdou, Ahmed A. Mohamed and John P. Fackler, Jr

Abdou, Hanan E.

342

The Araucaria Project. The Distance of the Large Magellanic Cloud from Near-Infrared Photometry of RR Lyrae Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained deep infrared $J$ and $K$ band observations of five fields located in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) bar with the ESO New Technology Telescope equipped with the SOFI infrared camera. In our fields, 65 RR Lyrae stars catalogued by the OGLE collaboration were identified. Using different theoretical and empirical calibrations of the period-luminosity-metallicity relation, we find consistent LMC distance moduli values. Since the observed fields are situated very close to the center of the LMC, the correction for the tilt of the LMC bar with respect to the line of sight is negligible. Our adopted best true distance modulus to the LMC of $18.58 \\pm 0.03$ (statistical) $\\pm$ 0.11 (systematic) mag agrees very well with most independent determinations to this galaxy.

Olaf Szewczyk; Grzegorz Pietrzynski; Wolfgang Gieren; Jesper Storm; Alistair Walker; Luca Rizzi; Karen Kinemuchi; Fabio Bresolin; Rolf-Peter Kudritzki; Massimo Dall'Ora

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

343

The Carnegie Hubble Program: The Distance and Structure of the SMC as Revealed by Mid-infrared Observations of Cepheids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Spitzer observations of classical Cepheids we have measured the true average distance modulus of the SMC to be $18.96 \\pm 0.01_{stat} \\pm 0.03_{sys}$ mag (corresponding to $62 \\pm 0.3$ kpc), which is $0.48 \\pm 0.01$ mag more distant than the LMC. This is in agreement with previous results from Cepheid observations, as well as with measurements from other indicators such as RR Lyrae stars and the tip of the red giant branch. Utilizing the properties of the mid--infrared Leavitt Law we measured precise distances to individual Cepheids in the SMC, and have confirmed that the galaxy is tilted and elongated such that its eastern side is up to 20 kpc closer than its western side. This is in agreement with the results from red clump stars and dynamical simulations of the Magellanic Clouds and Stream.

Scowcroft, Victoria; Madore, Barry F; Monson, Andy; Persson, S E; Rich, Jeff; Seibert, Mark; Rigby, Jane R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The effect of the distance between acidic site and basic site immobilized on mesoporous solid on the activity in catalyzing aldol condensation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acid-base bifunctional heterogeneous catalysts containing carboxylic and amine groups, which were immobilized at defined distance from one another on the mesoporous solid were synthesized by immobilizing lysine onto carboxyl-SBA-15. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N{sub 2} adsorption, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron micrographs (SEM), transmission electron micrographs (TEM), elemental analysis, and back titration. Proximal-C-A-SBA-15 with a proximal acid-base distance was more active than maximum-C-A-SBA-15 with a maximum acid-base distance in aldol condensation reaction between acetone and various aldehydes. It appears that the distance between acidic site and basic site immobilized on mesoporous solid should be an essential factor for catalysis optimization. -- Graphical abstract: Proximal-C-A-SBA-15 with a proximal acid-base distance and maximum-C-A-SBA-15 with a maximum acid-base distance were synthesized by immobilizing lysine onto carboxyl-SBA-15. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} Proximal-C-A-SBA-15 with a proximal acid-base distance. {yields} Maximum-C-A-SBA-15 with a maximum acid-base distance. {yields} Compared to maximum-C-A-SBA-15, proximal-C-A-SBA-15 was more active toward aldol condensation reaction between acetone and various aldehydes.

Yu Xiaofang [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Jiefang Road 2519, Changchun 130023 (China); Yu Xiaobo [China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Wu Shujie; Liu Bo; Liu Heng [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Jiefang Road 2519, Changchun 130023 (China); Guan Jingqi, E-mail: guanjq@jlu.edu.c [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Jiefang Road 2519, Changchun 130023 (China); Kan Qiubin, E-mail: catalysischina@yahoo.com.c [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Jiefang Road 2519, Changchun 130023 (China)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

40The Earth-like Planet Gliese 581g One of the most important aspects to new planets is whether they are in a distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1/100 the amount of light energy as our sun. In the scale model, shade-in the range of distances40The Earth-like Planet Gliese 581g One of the most important aspects to new planets is whether they are in a distance zone where water can remain a liquid on the planets surface. The Habitable Zone (HZ) location

346

Version: Updated on 8/2/2013 UNC Charlotte reserves the right to update these recommendations at any time. UNC Charlotte Distance Education Technical Recommendations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Version: Updated on 8/2/2013 UNC Charlotte reserves the right to update these recommendations at any time. UNC Charlotte Distance Education Technical Recommendations It is important that all distance education students have convenient access to appropriate technology. To get the most out of your online

Howitt, Ivan

347

A new cost-distance model for human accessibility and an evaluation of accessibility bias in permanent vegetation plots in Great Smoky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new cost-distance model for human accessibility and an evaluation of accessibility bias-mail toddjobe@unc.edu Abstract Question: Can a new cost-distance model help us to evaluate the potential crossings, and vegeta- tion density were incorporated into a least-cost model of energetic expenditure

Peet, Robert K.

348

Safety evaluation of limited sight distance at crest vertical curves on two-lane rural roadways in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

controlled database was used to test the hypothesis in order to discriminate between accidents possibly caused by limited sight distance and accidents caused by other geometric features. Multiple-factor analysis of variance was used to test the variation... of the accident rates under the various experimental conditions. The Bonferroni technique, which allows the user to control the maximum experimentwise error rate, was used to perform the multiple comparisons among three or more means. When appropriate, the t...

George, Karen Maria

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Exercise overloading in the equine: cardiorespiratory and metabolic response to a combined long, slow, distance and interval training exercise regimen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXERCISE OVERLOADING IN THE EQUINE CARDIORESPIRATORY AND METABOLIC RESPONSE TO A COMBINED LONG& SLOW, DISTANCE AND INTERVAL TRAINING EXERCISE REGIMEN A Thesis by LEANN FRANCINE DROZD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... AND INTERVAL TRAINING EXERCISE REGIMEN A Thesis by LEANN FRANCINE DROZD Approved as to style and content by: Gary . P er (Chair of Committee) George T. Jessup (Member) James G. Anderson (Member) G. C. Smith (Head of Department) December 1988 ABSTRACT...

Drozd, Leann Francine

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis - III. A geometric distance from HST polarimetric imaging of its light echoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As one of the most luminous Cepheids in the Milky Way, the 41.5-day RS Puppis is an analog of the long-period Cepheids used to measure extragalactic distances. An accurate distance to this star would therefore help anchor the zero-point of the bright end of the period-luminosity relation. But, at a distance of about 2 kpc, RS Pup is too far away for measuring a direct trigonometric parallax with a precision of a few percent with existing instrumentation. RS Pup is unique in being surrounded by a reflection nebula, whose brightness varies as pulses of light from the Cepheid propagate outwards. We present new polarimetric imaging of the nebula obtained with HST/ACS. The derived map of the degree of linear polarization pL allows us to reconstruct the three-dimensional structure of the dust distribution. To retrieve the scattering angle from the pL value, we consider two different polarization models, one based on a Milky Way dust mixture and one assuming Rayleigh scattering. Considering the derived dust distribu...

Kervella, P; Cracraft, M; Szabados, L; Breitfelder, J; Mrand, A; Sparks, W B; Gallenne, A; Bersier, D; Fouqu, P; Anderson, R I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Multi-dimensional modelling of electrostatic force distance curve over dielectric surface: Influence of tip geometry and correlation with experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric Force-Distance Curves (EFDC) is one of the ways whereby electrical charges trapped at the surface of dielectric materials can be probed. To reach a quantitative analysis of stored charge quantities, measurements using an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) must go with an appropriate simulation of electrostatic forces at play in the method. This is the objective of this work, where simulation results for the electrostatic force between an AFM sensor and the dielectric surface are presented for different bias voltages on the tip. The aim is to analyse force-distance curves modification induced by electrostatic charges. The sensor is composed by a cantilever supporting a pyramidal tip terminated by a spherical apex. The contribution to force from cantilever is neglected here. A model of force curve has been developed using the Finite Volume Method. The scheme is based on the Polynomial Reconstruction OperatorPRO-scheme. First results of the computation of electrostatic force for different tipsample distances (from 0 to 600?nm) and for different DC voltages applied to the tip (6 to 20?V) are shown and compared with experimental data in order to validate our approach.

Boularas, A., E-mail: boularas@laplace.univ-tlse.fr; Baudoin, F.; Villeneuve-Faure, C. [LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Universit de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France); Clain, S. [Universidade do Minho, Centro de Matemtica, Campus de Gualtar, 4710 - 057 Braga (Portugal); Universit Paul Sabatier, Institut de Mathmatiques de Toulouse, 31062 Toulouse (France); Teyssedre, G. [LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Universit de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, F-31071 Toulouse (France)

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

352

Deep Photometry of the Globular Cluster M5: Distance Estimates from White Dwarf and Main Sequence Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present deep VI photometry of stars in the globular cluster M5 (NGC 5904) based on images taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. The resulting color-magnitude diagram reaches below V ~ 27 mag, revealing the upper 2-3 magnitudes of the white dwarf cooling sequence, and main sequence stars eight magnitudes and more below the turn-off. We fit the main sequence to subdwarfs of known parallax to obtain a true distance modulus of (m-M)_0 = 14.45 +/- 0.11 mag. A second distance estimate based on fitting the cluster white dwarf sequence to field white dwarfs with known parallax yielded (m-M)_0 = 14.67 +/- 0.18 mag. We couple our distance estimates with extensive photometry of the cluster's RR Lyrae variables to provide a calibration of the RR Lyrae absolute magnitude yielding M_V(RR) = 0.42 +/- 0.10 mag at [Fe/H] = -1.11 dex. We provide another luminosity calibration in the form of reddening-free Wasenheit functions. Comparison of our calibrations with predictions based on recent models combining stellar evolution and pulsation theories shows encouraging agreement. (Abridged)

Andrew C. Layden; Ata Sarajedini; Ted von Hippel; Adrienne M. Cool

2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 85.0 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 181 Average Trip Distance 11.8 Total distance traveled (mi) 38,769 Average Ambient...

354

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 73.7 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 170 Average Trip Distance 12.6 Total distance traveled (mi) 370,987 Average Ambient...

355

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 67.8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 180 Average Trip Distance 12.8 Total distance traveled (mi) 346,409 Average Ambient...

356

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 74.8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 185 Average Trip Distance 13.1 Total distance traveled (mi) 208,165 Average Ambient...

357

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 72.5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 166 Average Trip Distance 12.1 Total distance traveled (mi) 385,849 Average Ambient...

358

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8.2 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 157 Average Trip Distance 12.3 Total distance traveled (mi) 407,245 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 67.9 Electric...

359

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

70.1 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 169 Average Trip Distance 12.3 Total distance traveled (mi) 2,817,365 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 62.4 Electric...

360

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

All operation Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 66.6 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 171 Average Trip Distance 11.9 Total distance traveled (mi) 370,316...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

Improved estimates of separation distances to prevent unacceptable damage to nuclear power plant structures from hydrogen detonation for gaseous hydrogen storage. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides new estimates of separation distances for nuclear power plant gaseous hydrogen storage facilities. Unacceptable damage to plant structures from hydrogen detonations will be prevented by having hydrogen storage facilities meet separation distance criteria recommended in this report. The revised standoff distances are based on improved calculations on hydrogen gas cloud detonations and structural analysis of reinforced concrete structures. Also, the results presented in this study do not depend upon equivalencing a hydrogen detonation to an equivalent TNT detonation. The static and stagnation pressures, wave velocity, and the shock wave impulse delivered to wall surfaces were computed for several different size hydrogen explosions. Separation distance equations were developed and were used to compute the minimum separation distance for six different wall cases and for seven detonating volumes (from 1.59 to 79.67 lbm of hydrogen). These improved calculation results were compared to previous calculations. The ratio between the separation distance predicted in this report versus that predicted for hydrogen detonation in previous calculations varies from 0 to approximately 4. Thus, the separation distances results from the previous calculations can be either overconservative or unconservative depending upon the set of hydrogen detonation parameters that are used. Consequently, it is concluded that the hydrogen-to-TNT detonation equivalency utilized in previous calculations should no longer be used.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

ADAPTIVE POWER CONTROL BY USING THE RECEIVED SNR AS A PROXY FOR DISTANCE TO OPTIMIZE THE SPECTRUM USAGE IN A COGNITIVE RADIO SYSTEMADAPTIVE POWER CONTROL BY USING THE RECEIVED SNR AS A PROXY FOR DISTANCE TO OPTIMIZE THE SPECTRUM USAGE IN A COGNITIVE RADIO SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis work we have proposed an Adaptive Power Transmission scheme for Cognitive Radio. The proposed scheme estimates the distance between the primary user (more)

Hussain, Rizwan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Effect of enhanced Renilla luciferase and fluorescent protein variants on the Foerster distance of Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First experimental determination of Foerster distance (R{sub 0}) for enhanced BRET systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effect of brighter BRET components RLuc2, RLuc8 and Venus was assessed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Using brighter BRET components substantially increased (25%) R{sub 0} of the BRET{sup 1} system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Using brighter BRET components marginally increased (2-9%) R{sub 0} of the BRET{sup 2} system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Brighter BRET components improve the different weaknesses of BRET{sup 1} and BRET{sup 2} systems. -- Abstract: Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) is an important tool for monitoring macromolecular interactions and is useful as a transduction technique for biosensor development. Foerster distance (R{sub 0}), the intermolecular separation characterized by 50% of the maximum possible energy transfer, is a critical BRET parameter. R{sub 0} provides a means of linking measured changes in BRET ratio to a physical dimension scale and allows estimation of the range of distances that can be measured by any donor-acceptor pair. The sensitivity of BRET assays has recently been improved by introduction of new BRET components, RLuc2, RLuc8 and Venus with improved quantum yields, stability and brightness. We determined R{sub 0} for BRET{sup 1} systems incorporating novel RLuc variants RLuc2 or RLuc8, in combination with Venus, as 5.68 or 5.55 nm respectively. These values were approximately 25% higher than the R{sub 0} of the original BRET{sup 1} system. R{sub 0} for BRET{sup 2} systems combining green fluorescent proteins (GFP{sup 2}) with RLuc2 or RLuc8 variants was 7.67 or 8.15 nm, i.e. only 2-9% greater than the original BRET{sup 2} system despite being {approx}30-fold brighter.

Dacres, Helen, E-mail: helen.dacres@csiro.au [CSIRO Food Futures Flagship and Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra (Australia)] [CSIRO Food Futures Flagship and Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra (Australia); Michie, Michelle; Wang, Jian [CSIRO Food Futures Flagship and Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra (Australia)] [CSIRO Food Futures Flagship and Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra (Australia); Pfleger, Kevin D.G. [Laboratory for Molecular Endocrinology-GPCRs, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research (WAIMR) and Centre for Medical Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth (Australia)] [Laboratory for Molecular Endocrinology-GPCRs, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research (WAIMR) and Centre for Medical Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth (Australia); Trowell, Stephen C. [CSIRO Food Futures Flagship and Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra (Australia)] [CSIRO Food Futures Flagship and Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra (Australia)

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

364

Micro-structure in Micro-Neighborhoods: A New Social Distance Measure, and its Effect on Individual and Aggregated Perceptions of Crime and Disorder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

social distance network structure within this smaller micro-of the broader network structure of ties: whereas micro-would entail network ties criss-crossing the various micro-

Hipp, John R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Understanding the large-distance behavior of TMD parton densities and the Collins-Soper evolution kernel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is considerable controversy about the size and importance of non-perturbative contributions to the evolution of transverse momentum dependent (TMD) parton distribution functions. Standard fits to relatively high-energy Drell-Yan data give evolution that when taken to lower Q is too rapid to be consistent with recent data in semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering. Some authors provide very different forms for TMD evolution, even arguing that non-perturbative contributions at large transverse distance b_T are not needed or are irrelevant. Here, we systematically analyze the issues, both perturbative and non-perturbative. We make a motivated proposal for the parameterization of the non-perturbative part of the TMD evolution kernel that could give consistency: with the variety of apparently conflicting data, with theoretical perturbative calculations where they are applicable, and with general theoretical non-perturbative constraints on correlation functions at large distances. We propose and use a scheme- and scale-independent function A(b_T) that gives a tool to compare and diagnose different proposals for TMD evolution. We also advocate for phenomenological studies of A(b_T) as a probe of TMD evolution. The results are important generally for applications of TMD factorization. In particular, they are important to making predictions for proposed polarized Drell-Yan experiments to measure the Sivers function.

John Collins; Ted Rogers

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

366

VERIFYING ASTEROSEISMICALLY DETERMINED PARAMETERS OF KEPLER STARS USING HIPPARCOS PARALLAXES: SELF-CONSISTENT STELLAR PROPERTIES AND DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurately determining the properties of stars is of prime importance for characterizing stellar populations in our Galaxy. The field of asteroseismology has been thought to be particularly successful in such an endeavor for stars in different evolutionary stages. However, to fully exploit its potential, robust methods for estimating stellar parameters are required and independent verification of the results is mandatory. With this purpose, we present a new technique to obtain stellar properties by coupling asteroseismic analysis with the InfraRed Flux Method. By using two global seismic observables and multi-band photometry, the technique allows us to obtain masses, radii, effective temperatures, bolometric fluxes, and hence distances for field stars in a self-consistent manner. We apply our method to 22 solar-like oscillators in the Kepler short-cadence sample, that have accurate Hipparcos parallaxes. Our distance determinations agree to better than 5%, while measurements of spectroscopic effective temperatures and interferometric radii also validate our results. We briefly discuss the potential of our technique for stellar population analysis and models of Galactic Chemical Evolution.

Silva Aguirre, V.; Chaplin, W. J.; Bedding, T. R.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Kjeldsen, H. [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Casagrande, L. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Mount Stromlo Observatory, The Australian National University, ACT 2611 (Australia); Basu, S. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Campante, T. L.; Monteiro, M. J. P. F. G. [Centro de Astrofisica and Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Huber, D. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Miglio, A.; Elsworth, Y.; Hekker, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Serenelli, A. M.; Garcia, R. A.; Mathur, S. [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Ballot, J. [CNRS, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Creevey, O. L. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote dAzur, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Gilliland, R. L. [Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (United States); Metcalfe, T. S. [Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); and others

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

367

THE ARAUCARIA PROJECT. A DISTANCE DETERMINATION TO THE LOCAL GROUP SPIRAL M33 FROM NEAR-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY OF CEPHEID VARIABLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by an amazing range of reported distances to the nearby Local Group spiral galaxy M33, we have obtained deep near-infrared photometry for 26 long-period Cepheids in this galaxy with the ESO Very Large Telescope. From the data, we constructed period-luminosity relations in the J and K bands which together with previous optical VI photometry for the Cepheids by Macri et al. were used to determine the true distance modulus of M33, and the mean reddening affecting the Cepheid sample with the multiwavelength fit method developed in the Araucaria Project. We find a true distance modulus of 24.62 for M33, with a total uncertainty of {+-}0.07 mag which is dominated by the uncertainty on the photometric zero points in our photometry. The reddening is determined as E(B - V) = 0.19 {+-} 0.02, in agreement with the value used by the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project of Freedman et al. but in some discrepancy with other recent determinations based on blue supergiant spectroscopy and an O-type eclipsing binary which yielded lower reddening values. Our derived M33 distance modulus is extremely insensitive to the adopted reddening law. We show that the possible effects of metallicity and crowding on our present distance determination are both at the 1%-2% level and therefore minor contributors to the total uncertainty of our distance result for M33.

Gieren, Wolfgang; Pietrzynski, Grzegorz; Graczyk, Dariusz, E-mail: wgieren@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: pietrzyn@hubble.cfm.udec.cl [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warsaw (Poland); and others

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

368

Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AvgGust: 6.5 mphsteady Temp MinAvgMax: 546368F Wind AvgGust: 2340 mph 20 Aerodynamic Improvements - Technical Progress Configurations Demo 2 - 24% Target Demo 1 - 14%...

369

Update on a short-distance D^0-meson mixing calculation with $N_f=2+1$ flavors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an update on our calculation of the short-distance $D^0$-meson mixing hadronic matrix elements. The analysis is performed on the MILC collaboration's $N_f=2+1$ asqtad configurations. We use asqtad light valence quarks and the Sheikoleslami-Wohlert action with the Fermilab interpretation for the valence charm quark. SU(3), partially quenched, rooted, staggered heavy-meson chiral perturbation theory is used to extrapolate to the chiral-continuum limit. Systematic errors arising from the chiral-continuum extrapolation, heavy-quark discretization, and quark-mass uncertainties are folded into the statistical errors from the chiral-continuum fits with methods of Bayesian inference. A preliminary error budget for all five operators is presented.

C. C. Chang; C. Bernard; C. M. Bouchard; A. X. El-Khadra; E. D. Freeland; E. Gmiz; A. S. Kronfeld; J. Laiho; R. S. Van de Water

2014-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

370

2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Profiling Foro Energy: High Power Lasers - Long Distances (Performer Video)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. A few videos were selected for showing during the Summit to attendees. These 'performer videos' highlight innovative research that is ongoing and related to the main topics of the Summit's sessions. Featured in this video from Foro Energy are Joel Moxley, Founder and CEO, Mark Zediker, Founder and CTO, and Paul Deutch, President and COO. Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy, also appears briefly in this video to praise the accomplishment of a high powered laser that can transmit that power long distances for faster and more powerful drilling of geothermal, oil, and gas wells.

None Available

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

371

2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Profiling Foro Energy: High Power Lasers - Long Distances (Performer Video)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. A few videos were selected for showing during the Summit to attendees. These 'performer videos' highlight innovative research that is ongoing and related to the main topics of the Summit's sessions. Featured in this video from Foro Energy are Joel Moxley, Founder and CEO, Mark Zediker, Founder and CTO, and Paul Deutch, President and COO. Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy, also appears briefly in this video to praise the accomplishment of a high powered laser that can transmit that power long distances for faster and more powerful drilling of geothermal, oil, and gas wells.

None Available

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

372

Possible violation of Newtonian gravitational law at small distances and constraints on it from the Casimir effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent ideas that the gravitational and gauge interactions become united at the weak scale lead to Yukawa-type corrections to the Newtonian gravitational law at small distances. We briefly summarize the best constraints on these corrections obtained recently from the experiments on the measurement of the Casimir force. The new constraints on the Yukawa-type interaction are derived from the latest Casimir force measurement between a large gold coated sphere and flat disk using an atomic force microscope. The obtained constraints are stronger up to 19 times comparing the previous experiment with aluminum surfaces and up to 4500 times comparing the Casimir force measurements between dielectrics. The application range of constraints obtained by means of an atomic force microscope is extended.

V. M. Mostepanenko; M. Novello

2000-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

373

A NEW CEPHEID DISTANCE TO THE GIANT SPIRAL M101 BASED ON IMAGE SUBTRACTION OF HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE/ADVANCED CAMERA FOR SURVEYS OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We accurately determine a new Cepheid distance to M101 (NGC 5457) using archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys V and I time series photometry of two fields within the galaxy. We make a slight modification to the ISIS image subtraction package to obtain optimal differential light curves from HST data. We discovered 827 Cepheids with periods between 3 and 80 days, the largest extragalactic sample of Cepheids observed with HST by a factor of two. With this large Cepheid sample, we find that the relative distance of M101 from the Large Magellanic Cloud is {Delta}{mu}{sub LMC} = 10.63 {+-} 0.04 (random) {+-} 0.06 (systematic) mag. If we use the geometrically determined maser distance to NGC 4258 as our distance anchor, the distance modulus of M101 is {mu}{sub 0} = 29.04 {+-} 0.05 (random) {+-} 0.18 (systematic) mag or D = 6.4 {+-} 0.2 (random) {+-} 0.5 (systematic) Mpc. The uncertainty is dominated by the maser distance estimate ({+-}0.15 mag), which should improve over the next few years. We determine a steep metallicity dependence, {gamma}, for our Cepheid sample through two methods, yielding {gamma} = -0.80 {+-} 0.21 (random) {+-} 0.06 (systematic) mag dex{sup -1} and {gamma} = -0.72{sup +0.22}{sub -0.25} (random) {+-} 0.06 (systematic) mag dex{sup -1}. We see marginal evidence for variations in the Wesenheit period-luminosity relation slope as a function of deprojected galactocentric radius. We also use the tip of the red giant branch method to independently determine the distance modulus to M101 of {mu}{sub 0} = 29.05 {+-} 0.06 (random) {+-} 0.12 (systematic) mag.

Shappee, Benjamin J.; Stanek, K. Z., E-mail: shappee@astronomy.ohio-state.edu, E-mail: kstanek@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Assessing recycling versus incineration of key materials in municipal waste: The importance of efficient energy recovery and transport distances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the environmental impact of recycling and incineration of household waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling of paper, glass, steel and aluminium is better than incineration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling and incineration of cardboard and plastic can be equally good alternatives. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recyclables can be transported long distances and still have environmental benefits. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Paper has a higher environmental benefit than recyclables found in smaller amounts. - Abstract: Recycling of materials from municipal solid waste is commonly considered to be superior to any other waste treatment alternative. For the material fractions with a significant energy content this might not be the case if the treatment alternative is a waste-to-energy plant with high energy recovery rates. The environmental impacts from recycling and from incineration of six material fractions in household waste have been compared through life cycle assessment assuming high-performance technologies for material recycling as well as for waste incineration. The results showed that there are environmental benefits when recycling paper, glass, steel and aluminium instead of incinerating it. For cardboard and plastic the results were more unclear, depending on the level of energy recovery at the incineration plant, the system boundaries chosen and which impact category was in focus. Further, the environmental impact potentials from collection, pre-treatment and transport was compared to the environmental benefit from recycling and this showed that with the right means of transport, recyclables can in most cases be transported long distances. However, the results also showed that recycling of some of the material fractions can only contribute marginally in improving the overall waste management system taking into consideration their limited content in average Danish household waste.

Merrild, Hanna [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Larsen, Anna W., E-mail: awla@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Christensen, Thomas H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Building 113, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Distance Determination to the Crab-like PWN G54.1+0.3 and Search for its Supernova Remnant Shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discover a large-scale shell G53.9+0.2 around the Crab-like pulsar wind nebula (PWN) G54.1+0.3 with 1420 MHz continuum VLA observations. This is confirmed by a new infrared image at 8 \\mu m from the GLIMPSE Legacy Project, which reveals an intriguing infrared shell just surrounding the large radio shell. We analyze the 21 cm HI absorption spectra and 13CO emission spectra towards PWN G54.1+0.3 and bright sources on both radio and IR shells. Continuous HI absorption up to the tangent point and absence of negative HI absorption features imply that PWN G54.1+0.3 has a distance beyond the tangent point but within the Solar circle, i.e. 4.5 to 9 kpc. G54.1+0.3 is likely at distance of \\simeq 6.2 kpc due to the morphological association between the PWN and a CO molecular cloud at velocity of \\simeq 53 km/s, as revealed by high-resolution 13CO images. Based on the HI absorption spectrum and recombination line velocity (\\simeq 40 km/s) of the bright HII region G54.09-0.06, which is on the IR shell, the IR shell is likely located at a distance of \\simeq 7.3 kpc, which is also the distance of the associated large-scale radio shell. At this distance, the radio shell has a radius of ~ 30 pc. The radio shell may be thermal and lack IR emission due to dust destruction, or it may be nonthermal and part of a newly found old SNR. In either case it is located at a different distance than PWN G54.1+0.3.

D. A. Leahy; W. W. Tian; Q. D. Wang

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

376

On the Physical Cause and the Distance of Gamma Ray Bursts and Related Phenomena in the X-Rays and the Ultra-Violet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modified Lorentz transformation of a distance-dependent special theory of relativity - which will be briefly summarized - predicts the possibility of superluminal velocity of very distantly moving material bodies to be connected with the generation of Cerencov radiation off the quantum vacuum. It is shown that vacuum Cerencov radiation due to the superluminal propagation of extraterrestrial spaceprobes in the interstellar space would account for all known properties of gamma ray bursts (GRBs) and the "afterglow" at lower frequencies. Distances and other parameter prove to be calculable and the theoretical results on these grounds to be in good accord with experiment.

Ernst Karl Kunst

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

377

Explosion Models for Type Ia Supernovae: A Comparison with Observed Light Curves, distances, H_o and q_o  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical monochromatic light curves and photospheric expansion velocities are compared with observations of 27 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). A set of 37 models has been considered which encompasses all currently discussed explosion scenarios for Type Ia supernovae including deflagrations, detonations, delayed detonations, pulsating delayed detonations and tamped detonations of Chandra- mass, and Helium detonations of low mass white dwarfs. The explosions are calculated using one-dimensional Lagrangian hydro and radiation-hydro codes with incorporated nuclear networks. Subsequently, light curves are constructed using our LC scheme which includes an implicit radiation transport, expansion opacities, a Monte-Carlo $\\gamma $-ray transport, and molecular and dust formation. For some supernovae, results of detailed non-LTE calculations have been considered. Observational properties of our series of models are discussed, the relation between the absolute brightness, post-maximum decline rates, the colors at several moments of time, etc. All models with a Ni production larger than 0.4 solar masses produce light curves of similar brightness. The influence of the cosmological red shift on the light curves and on the correction for interstellar reddening is discussed. Based on data rectification of the standard deviation, a quantitative procedure to fit the observations has been used to the determine the free parameters, i.e. the correct model, the distance, the reddening, and the time of the explosion. The results are discussed in detail and applied to determine Ho and qo.

P. Hoeflich; A. Khokkhlov

1996-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

378

Evaluating the feasibility of a passive travel survey in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identification · Trip purpose identification ­ HB vs NHB · Mandatory · Personal business · Social recreation ­ HB comparison · To home: 214 devices have a distance of less than 50 meters; 27 devices have distance between 50 and 200 meters; 9 devices have a distance over 1000 meters · To work: 160 devices have a distance of less

Bertini, Robert L.

379

Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Measurements of HIV Fusion Peptide to Lipid Distances Reveal the Intimate Contact of Strand Peptide with Membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Measurements of HIV Fusion Peptide to Lipid Distances Reveal 23, 2007 ABSTRACT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection begins with fusion between viral and host cell membranes and is catalyzed by the HIV gp41 fusion protein. The 20 N-terminal apolar residues

Weliky, David

380

The Development and Validation of a Pre-Evaluation Instrument for the Virtual College of Texas to Measure Quality in Distance Education Courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

II REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ....................................................................14? What Is Distance Education? .....................................................................................................14? History...-provider model of its member colleges (Virtual College of Texas Operations Manual, 2006). During the 2005 summer the consortia members received a notice by the Southern Association of Schools and Colleges (SACS) that they were to provide a detailed review...

Claus, Edna Q.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, August 16-19 2007, Hilton Head, South Carolina Long Distance/Duration Trajectory Optimization for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, University Park, PA 16802, USA This paper presents a system for autonomous soaring flight by small and micro unin- habited aerial vehicles. It combines a prediction of wind field with a trajectory or ridge) lift to enable long duration, long distance flights by a small autonomous uninhabited aerial

Langelaan, Jack W.

382

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 52, NO. 4, APRIL 2006 1739 [11] S. N. Crozier, "New high-spread high-distance interleavers for turbo-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high-spread high-distance interleavers for turbo- codes," in Proc. 20th Bienn. Symp. Communications-memory inter- leaver banks for turbo-codes," in Proc.54th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf. (VTC'01), Atlantic City, NJ, Oct. 2001, pp. 2394­2398. [13] D. Divsalar and F. Pollara, "Turbo codes for PCS applications

No, Jong-Seon

383

1.1 Basic ideas r(t) is the position of a particle; r = |r| is the distance to the origin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speed of the particle is v = R. (11) #12;Chapter 2 Dynamics: Newton's laws of motion and gravitation 2 interacting though equal and opposite forces is constant. 3 #12;4 2.2 Newton's Law of Gravitation 2.2 Newton's Law of Gravitation Two particles of masses M and m a distance r apart exert a mutually attractive

Rucklidge, Alastair

384

Andromeda: A mission to determine the gamma-ray burst distance scale F.A. Harrison, W.R. Cook, T.A. Prince, S.M. Schindler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andromeda: A mission to determine the gamma-ray burst distance scale F.A. Harrison, W.R. Cook, T was submitted to the STEDI program, and will also be proposed as a NASA Small Explorer. Keywords: bursts, gamma-rays, small missions 1 SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVES 1.1 Gamma-ray Bursts Gamma-ray bursts GRBs were discovered

Prince, Thomas A.

385

3666 J.Org. Chem. 1985,50,3666-3667 A [Ol-Cl] and 1.48(1)A [C13-01], and the C-C distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Tables of fractional coordinates, thermal parameters, interatomic distances, and in- teratomic angles (68%) moisture-sensitive product was isolated by distillation directly from the reaction

RajanBabu, T. V. "Babu"

386

Conference Registration Form Slips, Trips, and Falls -OSHA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24061 phone: 540/231­5182 fax: 540/231­3306 (for credit card registrations only) Method of payment

Buehrer, R. Michael

387

Field trip to WTE facility I/S Vestforbrnding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Another activity is the composting of park and garden waste, resulting in compost applied for soil annually (including Municipal, Commercial and C/D waste), 25% of which is incinerated in a Waste-to Energy% of the potential energy of the waste is recovered.

Columbia University

388

Solution Methods for the Multi-trip Elementary Shortest Path ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

builds partial paths, it assigns a label to each, indicating the resource .... node are used to update the elapsed time and the vehicle load (resources consumed),.

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Visit Russia A trip to St. Petersburg will be arranged  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to contact staff at LUT Summer School. Visit us Lappeenranta University of Technology International Services Skinnarilankatu 34 FI- 53850 LAPPEENRANTA FINLAND LUT Summer School 2012 Harbour of Lappeenranta 25 June ­ 8 July 2012, Lappeenranta, Finland Unique cultural experience Lappeenranta's safe and green environment

Hellebrand, Sybille

390

Optimal Energy Management of a PHEV Using Trip Information  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NAVTEQ (Map data) Argonne's Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center (TRACC) (traffic modeling) 2 2012 DOE VT Merit Review - VSS068 - Optimal Energy...

391

Kirk Bryan Field Trip Coastal Geomorphology and Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Department of Geography, Texas A&M University Rick Giardino, Department of Geology, Texas A&M University Jim Gibeaut, Department of Geology, Texas A&M Corpus Christi Doug Sherman, Department of Geography, Texas A of the authors; the opinions and interpretations are not necessarily those of the Geological Society of America

392

Mobile Transit Trip Planning with Real-Time Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Confer- ence on Mobile Systems, Applications,international conference on Mobile systems, applications,international conference on Mobile systems, applica- tions,

Jariyasunant, Jerald; Work, Daniel B.; Kerkez, Branko; Sengupta, Raja; Glaser, Steven; Bayen, Alexandre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Transformations in TRIP-assisted Steels: Microstructure and Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generated during the drawing operation on the strain- induced transformation of austenite. 35 2.8 Special properties Stretch formability In this test, rectangular blanks marked with circular grids on the surface by electrochemical etching method are deformed...

Chatterjee, Sourabh

394

AMEC GEOMATRIX/ARA GROUNDWATER REMEDIAITON TRIP REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

City of Rialto, Well No.3 Demonstration System Integration Project, and Baldwin Park Operable Unit, Baldwin Park, California. The groundwater remediation contractors are AMEC Geomatrix and ARA. The sites were visited on July 22, 2008. Fluor Hanford and the U.S. Department of Energy are currently looking at a variety of alternatives to capture carbon tetrachloride, nitrates, and other COCs from 200-ZP-l groundwater. A few of the more important objectives of our visits were to: (1) Evaluate the treatment systems being used by AMEC Geomatrix to address VOCs, perchlorate, NDMA, 1,4,-Dioxane, and 1,2,3 TCP in a drinking water source; (2) Evaluate how effective these treatment methods have been; (3) Determine the types of problems they have encountered with these treatment systems and how they addressed these problems; (4) Determine the types of secondary wastes being generated by the system; (5) Determine how clean of an operation these companies run; and (6) Determine if the site is worth being visited by DOE-RL at a later date.

SIMMONS SA

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

395

fieldtripexperience-8thgrade Cater your field trip experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Activities (MS-ESS1-1, MS-ESS1-2, MS-ESS2-1, MS-ESS2-2): Our Solar System is a fascinating place. Learn about

Waliser, Duane E.

396

fieldtripexperience-6thgrade Cater your field trip experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gen standard-alligned exhibits and activities! Sixth Grade: Science on a Sphere (MS- ESS2-2, MS-ESS2-3, MS-ESS3 on a Sphere! Ames Spacecraft Missions (MS-ESS1-3): The IRIS Mission studies a very dynamic region of the Sun

Waliser, Duane E.

397

Modeling Transit Trip Time Using Archived Bus Dispatch System Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation District of Oregon TriMet provides transit service in the three-county Portland metropolitan area that are automatically collected and archived for each bus, route, and stop every day. The Tri-County Metropolitan. TriMet has implemented a Bus Dispatch System BDS as a part of its overall service control

Bertini, Robert L.

398

Linear Utility Corridors--A Simulated Visual Field Trip1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and shapes that are precisely defined by line." He goes on to define "utility" as: "The condition or quality or energy from one point to another in a straight or series of generally straight lines." Linear utility as components of linear utility corridors can surely include telephone lines and various aqueducts and canals

Standiford, Richard B.

399

ARI delegation to Japan on Alternative Refrigerants. [Foreign Trip Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers from ARI member companies spoke at the International Conference on Alternative Refrigerants in Tokyo and visited several Japanese organizations for the purpose of exchanging information on alternative refrigerants. The specific purpose of the meetings was to review the methods being utilized to screen alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs: materials compatibility screening methods, lubricant testing techniques, as well as flammability studies. A list of papers presented at the conference is included.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Physics 343 Lecture # 8: Green Bank trip; gas dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotation curves, implying the existence of additional nonluminous matter (i.e., dark matter). #12, while blue shows mass based on weak lensing (apparently, mostly dark matter that is not "collisional dynamics: a Keplerian example From Herrnstein et al. (1999): water masers tracing orbital motions around

Baker, Andrew J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Physics 343 Lecture # 8: Green Bank trip; gas dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the existence of additional nonluminous matter (i.e., dark matter). #12; A heretical alternative? A few bold on weak lensing (apparently, mostly dark matter that is not "collisional"). #12; Inclination's third law for v = 2R/T. #12; Gas dynamics: a Keplerian example From Herrnstein et al. (1999): water

Baker, Andrew J.

402

Physics 343 Lecture # 8: Green Bank trip; gas dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotation curves, implying the existence of additional nonluminous matter (i.e., dark matter). #12, while blue shows mass based on weak lensing (apparently, mostly dark matter that is not "collisional: a Keplerian example From Herrnstein et al. (1999): water masers tracing orbital motions around the central

Baker, Andrew J.

403

Nebraska Water Conference Council's Annual Water & Natural Resources Field Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22, 2003 8:00 Buses depart Ramada Inn at Kearney; travel on I-80 and secondary road to Ft. Mc Ft. McPherson National Cemetery; travel on secondary roads, I-80 and US-83 to Dancing Leaf Lodge near habitation and landscape recovery after Union Pacific Railroad cut cedar trees for construction

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

404

Three E's: Education, Experience, and Employment 2011 Field Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

risk." Miche!e Gutierrez " Fire Management Officer, Mary Kay Hicks, Texas Forest Service, taught us Mountains National Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma #12;National Weather Center, Norman, Oklahoma #12;Flint Hills Research Unit, Manhattan, Kansas #12;"Pine bark beetle damage in the black hi!s national forest - Recent

405

Florida SR-66 Sinkhole Monitoring April 2005 Field Trip Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by a solar panel and deep- cycle battery. The communication link is powered on for only a brief window each. A site visit by FDOT personnel revealed that the solar panel powering the instrument box had been sawn off its pole and stolen. ITI engineers decided to travel to the site to replace the solar panel

406

Major Challenges in Landscape Planning: Simulated Field Trips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of production. The surface mining process generally consists of four phases: (1) exploration; (2) development Rowland and Reed Stalder 2/ Abstract: The surface mining process consists of four phases: (1) exploration; (3) production; and (4) reclamation. The purpose of exploration or "prospec- ting" is to discover

Standiford, Richard B.

407

Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: GuidanceNot Measurement Sensitiveof EnergyHolland,

408

Avoid Nuisance Tripping with Premium Efficiency Motors | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EERE BlogAttachmentFlash2011-21 AuditInsulatedEnergy Avoid Nuisance

409

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: CF GovTrip PIA Template Version  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15, 2010Energy6 Frontera Generation Limited15 Trico390-12CF -

410

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf Flash2006-14.pdfattachment.pdf6.pdf5.pdfFluorescent LightingFormerDate: September

411

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | DepartmentLoansDepartmentDepartment ofState

412

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | DepartmentLoansDepartmentDepartment ofStateDepartment of

413

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Wednesday, February 24 |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | DepartmentLoansDepartmentDepartment ofStateDepartment

414

PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002OpticsPeriodical: Volume 5,PETPIV SystemTravelDepartment

415

Field trip to WTE facility I/S Nordforbrnding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production has to be marketed in a district heating network. One consequence of these three conditions was to establish a Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plant to treat solid waste from the municipalities and supply district heating to the nearby residential areas. Today, I/S Nordforbrænding WTE plant combusts solid waste from

Columbia University

416

Microsoft Word - SAFETY TRIP REPORT2009r13.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program Preliminary Needs Assessment March 2009 BSep 20,07CONTENTS

417

Energy Secretary Chu Trip to Kokomo, Indiana Cancelled | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program -Department oftoThese WebThese caseEnergy Washington D.C. - The

418

Trip Report: DOE Seventh Annual Small Business Conference  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternationalTechnologyDepartmentStorageDepartment of Energy Seventh Annual

419

Trip Report: Idaho National Laboratory Citizens Advisory Board Meeting  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternationalTechnologyDepartmentStorageDepartment of Energy SeventhIdaho

420

Trip Report: Northern New Mexico Citizens Advisory Board Meeting  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternationalTechnologyDepartmentStorageDepartment of Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Trip Prediction and Route-Based Vehicle Energy Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Barriers * Start: September 2012 * End: September 2014 * Status: 70% complete * Cost of testing advanced technologies through multiple vehicle builds * Risk aversion of OEM...

422

N.J. Themelis Trip to China, October 2007 Trip of Nickolas Themelis, WTERT Chair, to China, October 18-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greatly by the Renewable Energy policy of the country: Coal-fired power plants receive 4-6 cents/kWh. WTE was defined as clean and renewable energy. WTE plants in China are of two main types: Stoker grate and Circulating Fluid Bed. The latter are much smaller and they need coal co-firing, up to 20% of the feed

Columbia University

423

Spatial resolution of synchrotron x-ray microtomography in high energy range: Effect of x-ray energy and sample-to-detector distance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial resolution of three-dimensional images obtained by synchrotron X-ray microtomography technique is evaluated using cyclic bar patterns machined on a steel wire. Influences of X-ray energy and the sample-to-detector distance on spatial resolution were investigated. High X-ray energies of 33-78 keV are applied due to the high X-ray absorption of transition metals. Best spatial resolution of about 1.2 {mu}m pitch was observed at the sample-to-detector distance range of 20-110 mm and at the energy range of 68-78 keV. Several factors such as X-ray scattering and diffraction phenomena affecting the degradation of spatial resolution are also discussed.

Seo, D.; Tomizato, F.; Toda, H.; Kobayashi, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Aichi 441-8580 (Japan); Uesugi, K.; Takeuchi, A.; Suzuki, Y. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan)

2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

424

Communities of practice: the utility of web-based communication tools in assisting new, adult, online learners' transition to formal distance education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for answering my many emails over the years. Thanks also go to my friends and colleagues and the departmental faculties and staff at both Texas Tech and Texas A&M Universities for making Doc@Distance a great experience. Last but not least, thank you Kevyn... program. One limitation of this study was that student explanations of Centra ? , instant messaging, and email use were from description only; there were no transcripts to decode. Additionally, the size of the population studied limits...

Miller, Rene Patricia

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Influence of compensator thickness, field size, and off-axis distance on the effective attenuation coefficient of a cerrobend compensator for intensity-modulated radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) can be performed by using compensators. To make a compensator for an IMRT practice, it is required to calculate the effective attenuation coefficient (?{sub eff}) of its material, which is affected by various factors. We studied the effect of the variation of the most important factors on the calculation of the ?{sub eff} of the cerrobend compensator for 6-MV photon beams, including the field size, compensator thickness, and off-axis distance. Experimental measurements were carried out at 100 cm source-to-surface distance and 10 cm depth for the 6-MV photon beams of an Elekta linac using various field size, compensator thickness, and off-axis settings. The field sizes investigated ranged from 4 4 to 25 25 cm{sup 2} and the cerrobend compensator thicknesses from 0.56 cm. For a fixed compensator thickness, variation of the ?{sub eff} with the field size ranged from 3.76.8%, with the highest value attributed to the largest compensator thickness. At the reference field size of 10 10 cm{sup 2}, the ?{sub eff} varied by 16.5% when the compensator thickness was increased from 0.56 cm. However, the variation of the ?{sub eff} with the off-axis distance was only 0.99% at this field size, whereas for the largest field size, it was more significant. Our results indicated that the compensator thickness and field size have the most significant effect on the calculation of the compensator ?{sub eff} for the 6-MV photon beam. Therefore, it is recommended to consider these parameters when calculating the compensator thickness for an IMRT practice designed for these beams. The off-axis distance had a significant effect on the calculation of the ?{sub eff} only for the largest field size. Hence, it is recommended to consider the effect of this parameter only for field sizes larger than 25 25 cm{sup 2}.

Haghparast, Abbas [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hashemi, Bijan, E-mail: bhashemi@modares.ac.ir [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Eivazi, Mohammad Taghi [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 26 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 6,332 Total distance...

427

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 112 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Total number of trips 973 Total distance traveled (mi) 12,099...

428

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 64 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 4,292 Total distance...

429

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 45 Total number of trips 10,555 Total distance...

430

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

87 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 47 Total number of trips 6,560 Total distance...

431

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 4 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 5,888 Total distance...

432

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 13,167 Total distance...

433

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

15 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 13 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 2,405 Total distance...

434

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 70 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 1,225 Total distance...

435

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Test Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 33 Total number of trips 5,273 Total distance...

436

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 2,348 Total distance...

437

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 0 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 1,579 Total distance...

438

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 36,749 Total distance...

439

MA 15910 Lesson 11 Notes (Calculus part of text) Section 3.3 Rates ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Calculus part of text) Section 3.3 Rates of Change. Average Rate of Change. Suppose Mary kept a record of the total distance she traveled on a trip in hour

Bailey, Charlotte M

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

440

The ARAUCARIA project: Deep near-infrared survey of nearby galaxies. I. The distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud from K-band photometry of red clump stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained deep imaging in the near-infrared J and K bands for 2 nearby fields in the bar of the LMC with the ESO NTT telescope, under exquisite seeing conditions. The K, J-K color-magnitude diagrams constructed from these data are of outstanding photometric quality and reveal the presence of several hundreds of red clump stars. Using the calibration of Alves for the K-band absolute magnitude of Hipparcos-observed red clump stars in the solar neigbourhood we derive a distance modulus to our observed LMC fields of 18.487 mag. Applying a correction for the tilt of the LMC bar with respect to the line of sight according to the geometrical model of van der Marel et al., the corresponding LMC barycenter distance is 18.501 mag. If we adopt a K-band population correction of -0.03 mag, as done by Alves et al. 2002, to account for the difference in age and metallicity between the solar neighborhood and LMC red clump star populations, we obtain an LMC barycenter distance modulus of 18.471 mag from our data. This is in excellent agreement with the result of Alves et al., and of another very recent study of Sarajedini et al. (2002) obtained from K-band photometry. However, we emphasize that current model predictions about the uncertainties of population corrections seem to indicate that errors up to about 0.12 mag may be possible, probably in any photometric band. Therefore, work must continue to tighten the constraints on these corrections. We also determine the mean red clump star magnitude in our LMC fields in the J band, which could be a useful alternative to the K band should future work reveal that population effect corrections for red clump stars in the J band are smaller, or more reliably determined than those for the K band.

G. Pietrzynski; W. Gieren

2002-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Dissertations Circulating from University Libraries, Virginia Tech as of Feb. 1996 and Feb. 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in branches main+branch 1863 5953 3.20 libraries avg. no. circ's per item on campus off-site 1911 216 0.11 avg. no. circ's per item off-site all sites 3774 6169 1.63 avg.no. circ's per item as of Feb. 1996 in branches main+branch 1918 8221 4.29 libraries avg. no. circ's per item on campus off-site 2272 217 0.10 avg

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

442

Applying Improved Efficiency Transformers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wh Energy LblMWH Coal 1576 56.3 18.3 Natural Gas 264 9.4 0.0 Petroleum 89 3.2 11.9 Nuclear 619 22.1 Hydro 240 8.6 Geothermal 10 0.4 Avg. NOx Avg. CO 2 Emission Emission LblMWH LblMWH 9.0 2063 4.7 1206 3.8 1569 Avg. S02 Avg. NOx Avg. CO 2...

Haggerty, N. K.; Malone, T. P.

443

The MACHO Project LMC Variable Star Inventory IV: Multimode RR Lyrae Stars, Distance to the LMC and Age of the Oldest Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the discovery of 73 double-mode RR Lyrae (RRd) stars in fields near the bar of the LMC. The stars are detected among the MACHO database of short-period variables that currently contains about 7900 RR Lyrae stars. Fundamental periods (P_0) for these stars are found in the range 0.46-0.55 days and first overtone-to-fundamental period ratios are found to be in the range 0.742 FBE) of the instability strip. Comparison of the calibrated MACHO V and R_KC photometry with these derived absolute magnitudes yields an absorption-corrected distance modulus to the LMC of 18.57 +/- 0.19 mag which is in good agreement with that found (18.5) through comparison of galactic and LMC Cepheids. Adopting this luminosity calibration, we derive an increase in the distance modulus, and thus a reduction in the age found via isochrone fitting for M15 of about 33% and discuss the implications for cosmology.

C. Alcock; R. A. Allsman; D. Alves; T. S. Axelrod; A. C. Becker; D. P. Bennett; K. H. Cook; K. C. Freeman; K. Griest; J. Guern; M. J. Lehner; S. L. Marshall; D. Minniti; B. A. Peterson; M. R. Pratt; P. J. Quinn; A. W. Rodgers; W. Sutherland; D. L. Welch

1996-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

444

System and method employing a minimum distance and a load feature database to identify electric load types of different electric loads  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method identifies electric load types of a plurality of different electric loads. The method includes providing a load feature database of a plurality of different electric load types, each of the different electric load types including a first load feature vector having at least four different load features; sensing a voltage signal and a current signal for each of the different electric loads; determining a second load feature vector comprising at least four different load features from the sensed voltage signal and the sensed current signal for a corresponding one of the different electric loads; and identifying by a processor one of the different electric load types by determining a minimum distance of the second load feature vector to the first load feature vector of the different electric load types of the load feature database.

Lu, Bin; Yang, Yi; Sharma, Santosh K; Zambare, Prachi; Madane, Mayura A

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

West Nile virus (WNV) genome RNAs with up to three adjacent mutations that disrupt long distance 5'-3' cyclization sequence basepairs are viable  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mosquito-borne flavivirus genomes contain conserved 5' and 3' cyclization sequences (CYC) that facilitate long distance RNA-RNA interactions. In previous studies, flavivirus replicon RNA replication was completely inhibited by single or multiple mismatching CYC nt substitutions. In the present study, full-length WNV genomes with one, two or three mismatching CYC substitutions showed reduced replication efficiencies but were viable and generated revertants with increased replication efficiency. Several different three adjacent mismatching CYC substitution mutant RNAs were rescued by a second site mutation that created an additional basepair (nts 147-10913) on the internal genomic side of the 5'-3' CYC. The finding that full-length genomes with up to three mismatching CYC mutations are viable and can be rescued by a single nt spontaneous mutation indicates that more than three adjacent CYC basepair substitutions would be required to increase the safety of vaccine genomes by creating mismatches in inter-genomic recombinants.

Basu, Mausumi; Brinton, Margo A., E-mail: mbrinton@gsu.ed

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

446

Distance-dependent radiation chemistry: Oxidation versus hydrogenation of CO in electron-irradiated H2O/CO/H2O ices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron-stimulated oxidation of CO in layered H2O/CO/H2O ices was investigated with infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) as function of the distance of the CO layer from the water/vacuum interface. The results show that while both oxidation and reduction reactions occur within the irradiated water films, there are distinct regions where either oxidation or reduction reactions are dominant. At depths less than ~ 15 ML, CO oxidation dominates over the sequential hydrogenation of CO to methanol (CH3OH), and CO2 is the major product of CO oxidation, consistent with previous observations. At its highest yield, CO2 accounts for ~45% of all the reacted CO. Another oxidation product is identified as the formate anion (HCO2-). In contrast, for CO buried more than ~ 35 ML below the water/vacuum interface, the CO-to-methanol conversion efficiency is close to 100%. Production of CO2 and formate are not observed for the more deeply buried CO layers, where hydrogenation dominates. Experiments with CO dosed on pre-irradiated ASW samples suggest that OH radicals are primarily responsible for the oxidation reactions. Possible mechanisms of CO oxidation, involving primary and secondary processes of water radiolysis at low temperature, are discussed. The observed distance-dependent radiation chemistry results from the higher mobility of hydrogen atoms that are created by the interaction of the 100 eV electrons with the water films. These hydrogen atoms, which are primarily created at or near the water/vacuum interface, can desorb from or diffuse into the water films, while the less-mobile OH radicals remain in the near-surface zone resulting in preferential oxidation reactions there. The diffusing hydrogen atoms are responsible for the hydrogenation reactions that are dominant for the more deeply buried CO layers.

Petrik, Nikolay G.; Monckton, Rhiannon J.; Koehler, Sven; Kimmel, Gregory A.

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

447

The `Skyline' Distance 46km  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

swooping singletrack threading through beautiful forest to exposed rocky doubletrack on wide open hills-track ascent as White's Level and continuing on long, forest road climbs with sweet, flowing technical eto, byddwch yn barod. ynyGoedwig-intheForest Afan mountainbiking beiciomynydd Am wybodaeth bellach

448

Rao Distances Charles A. Micchelli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mathematics and Statistics The University of Western Australia Nedlands, WA 6907, Australia E-mail: lyle supported by NSF Grant DMS-9973427, and the University of Western Australia Distinguished Visitors Fund 2

Noakes, Lyle

449

Long-Distance Reduction | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,Local Correlations andLocalThroughout theLong

450

THE TIP OF THE RED GIANT BRANCH DISTANCES TO TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA HOST GALAXIES. II. M66 AND M96 IN THE LEO I GROUP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

M66 and M96 in the Leo I Group are nearby spiral galaxies hosting Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). We estimate the distances to these galaxies from the luminosity of the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB). We obtain VI photometry of resolved stars in these galaxies from F555W and F814W images in the Hubble Space Telescope archive. From the luminosity function of these red giants, we find the TRGB I-band magnitude to be I{sub TRGB} = 26.20 {+-} 0.03 for M66 and 26.21 {+-} 0.03 for M96. These values yield distance modulus (m - M){sub 0} = 30.12 {+-} 0.03(random) {+-} 0.12(systematic) for M66 and (m - M){sub 0} = 30.15 {+-} 0.03(random) {+-} 0.12(systematic) for M96. These results show that they are indeed the members of the same group. With these results we derive absolute maximum magnitudes of two SNe (SN 1989B in M66 and SN 1998bu in M96). V-band magnitudes of these SNe Ia are {approx}0.2 mag fainter than SN 2011fe in M101, one of the nearest recent SNe Ia. We also derive near-infrared magnitudes for SN 1998bu. Optical magnitudes of three SNe Ia (SN 1989B, SN 1998bu, and SN 2011fe) based on TRGB analysis yield a Hubble constant, H{sub 0} = 68.4 {+-} 2.6(random) {+-} 3.7(systematic) km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}. This value is similar to the values derived from recent WMAP9 results, H{sub 0} = 69.32 {+-} 0.80 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, and from Planck results, H{sub 0} = 67.3 {+-} 1.2 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, but smaller than other recent determinations based on Cepheid calibration for SNe Ia luminosity, H{sub 0} = 74 {+-} 3 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}.

Lee, Myung Gyoon; Jang, In Sung, E-mail: mglee@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: isjang@astro.snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

My Trip to Puerto RicoMy Trip to Puerto RicoMy Trip to Puerto RicoMy Trip to Puerto RicoMy Trip to Puerto Rico A Diary of EventsA Diary of EventsA Diary of EventsA Diary of EventsA Diary of Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the Gallery Inn. The friendliest parrot was called Campeche, after a Puerto Rican painter. Did you know. The parrot Campeche The first thing we did was to visit the cemetery. There was a sign in the cemetery

Karplus, Kevin

452

Laser Phase Control of High-Order Harmonic Generation at Large Internuclear Distance: The H{sup +}-H{sub 2}{sup +} System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exact (Born-Oppenheimer) 3-D numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schroedinger equation are obtained for the one electron linear H{sup +}-H{sub 2}{sup +} atom-molecule system at large internuclear distance R in interaction with two-cycles intense (I>10{sup 14} W cm{sup -2}) 800 nm laser pulses. High-order harmonic generation (HHG) spectra are obtained with an energy cutoff larger than the atomic maximum of I{sub p}+3U{sub p}, where I{sub p} is the ionization potential and U{sub p} is the ponderomotive energy. At large R, this extended cutoff is shown to be related to the nature of electron transfer, whose direction is shown to depend critically on the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of the ultrashort pulse. Constructive and destructive interferences in the HHG spectrum resulting from coherent superpositions of electronic states in the H{sup +}-H{sub 2}{sup +} system are interpreted in terms of multiple electron trajectories extracted from a time profile analysis.

Bandrauk, Andre D.; Barmaki, Samira; Kamta, Gerard Lagmago [Laboratoire de Chimie Theorique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1K 2R2 (Canada)

2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

453

Biol. Chem., Vol. 385, pp. 913920, October 2004 Copyright by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York. DOI 10.1515/BC.2004.119 Inter-and intra-molecular distances determined by EPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York. DOI 10.1515/BC.2004.119 2004/122 Review Inter- and intra-molecular distances determined by EPR and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy an attractive approach for the study of pro- tein approximately 0.5 to 8 nm by the com- bination of continuous wave and pulse EPR methods. Recent applications

Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

454

CP ROAD MAP Mix Design & Analysis Track  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& reinforcing steel. . . The "Resistance to severe weathering and sulfate waters is determined largely Beams: 764, 7-d ­ Avg. 601 psi 28-d ­ Avg. 734 psi #12;SAUDI ARABIA - 1970 · $660 million headquarters

455

A B S T R A C T OIIOof iiiosl cli;ill(wgiiig problems in the field of friinie-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. - Avg % error = 9.3 % 8 - f 6 - E- b:0 Calc Dy Disp. - Avg % error = 6.0 % m:o Calc 0 5 10 15 Bead No

Miga, Michael I.

456

Tetrahedron: Asymmetry report number 86 a-Vinylic amino acids: occurrence, asymmetric synthesis,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Substituted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 871 2.3. c-Substituted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 871 2.3.1. MVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 871 2.3.2. AVG

Berkowitz, David

457

GEO/OC 103 Field Trip Guide to the Oregon Coast Prepare a field trip report that includes the answers to the 5 questions in bold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and distribution of the dark colored igneous rock outcrops of Elephant Rock and offshore. Elephant Rock (Source: D. Wright). Offshore rock outcrops extending south from Elephant Rock (Source: Oregon Coastal Atlas, www your report in to your TA! TWO MAIN SITES TO VISIT: 1. Geology and Tide pools at Seal Rock State Park a

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

458

Dr. Tracie Sempier Coastal Storms Outreach Coordinator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Gas -54% of US total Crude Oil Production (based on avg. 2008-2010) -52% of US total Natural Gas Production (based on avg. 2007-2009) -47% of US total Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (based on avg. 2008 Domestic Product The Gulf Coast Region contained 13 of the Nation's 20 leading ports for tonnage in 2009

459

VVV SURVEY NEAR-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY OF KNOWN BULGE RR LYRAE STARS: THE DISTANCE TO THE GALACTIC CENTER AND ABSENCE OF A BARRED DISTRIBUTION OF THE METAL-POOR POPULATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have combined optical and near-infrared data of known RR Lyrae (RRL) stars in the bulge in order to study the spatial distribution of its metal-poor component by measuring precise reddening values and distances of 7663 fundamental-mode RRL stars with high-quality photometry. We obtain a distance to the Galactic center of R {sub 0} = 8.33 0.05 0.14 kpc. We find that the spatial distribution of the RRL stars differs from the structures traced by the predominantly metal-rich red clump (RC) stars. Unlike the RC stars, the RRL stars do not trace a strong bar, but have a more spheroidal, centrally concentrated distribution, showing only a slight elongation in its very center. We find a hint of bimodality in the density distribution at high southern latitudes (b < 5), which needs to be confirmed by extending the areal coverage of the current census. The different spatial distributions of the metal-rich and metal-poor stellar populations suggest that the Milky Way has a composite bulge.

Dkny, I.; Minniti, D.; Catelan, M.; Zoccali, M.; Hempel, M. [Instituto de Astrofsica, Facultad de Fsica, Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Av. Vicua Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago (Chile)] [Instituto de Astrofsica, Facultad de Fsica, Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Av. Vicua Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Saito, R. K. [Departamento de Fsica, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Av. Marechal Rondon s/n, 49100-000, So Cristvo, SE (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fsica, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Av. Marechal Rondon s/n, 49100-000, So Cristvo, SE (Brazil); Gonzalez, O. A., E-mail: idekany@astro.puc.cl [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Crdova 3170, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

460

TRIP REPORT Listening Tour #2 for M.D. Curriculum Transformation Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physicians in the future? Learn about future workforce needs, views on health care reform and evolving and education leaders; health advocates; tribal clinic leaders; All Care Oregon leaders; editorial board), and a new focus on longitudinal aspects of health care, such as palliative care and chronic diseases

Chapman, Michael S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NHMRC Alert 3-Project Grants, Career Development Fellowships and Translating Research into Practice (TRIP) Fellowships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Removal of CIA Greatest Time Commitment b) Clarification of Percentage NHMRC Research Time c) Cure Cancer Update: Removal of CIA Greatest Time Commitment The NHMRC has advised that the requirement for Chief Teams). CIA must still demonstrate leadership over the project conduct and their role in driving

New South Wales, University of

462

Trip report, Interagency Manufacturing Operations Group (IMOG) Steering Committee meeting, November 29, 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the Subgroup Chairman for the Process Automation Control Technology Subgroup of IMOG, I was requested to attend the annual Steering Committee Meeting held this year at the Allied-Signal Kansas City Plant and summarize the past year's activities of the Subgroup. The next IMOG Steering Committee Meeting will be held November 14 and 15, 1990 in Los Alamos. The next Process Automation Control Technology Subgroup Meeting will be held in June, 1990 in Rocky Flats.

Butterworth, R.R.

1989-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

463

affect foraging-trip duration: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CERN Preprints Summary: We review the T90 duration and hardness ratio of Swift Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). We focus on GRBs with known redshift and review their gamma properties...

464

Elements of motivation and satisfaction in the float trip experience in Big Bend National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

floater are necessary to provide informat1on on the types of experiences that are be1ng sought, those ha are being obtained, those +hat are scarce, and those that are abunaant. With vis1tor satisfactions viev ed as a scarce commodity, the maior output...

Graefe, Alan R

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Trip Report: AMPS Validations and User Feedback Conducted at McMurdo and South Pole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in stronger weather conditions, be it winds or precipitation which do not always validate. Ken Edele did note, interacting with the forecasters and conducting some real-time validations of the AMPS products, particularly moisture prediction, to validate the new pseudo-satellite product generated here at Ohio State, to better

Howat, Ian M.

466

2012 Stanford Wilderness Experience Activity Trip Assumption of Risk, Release of Claims and Hold Harmless Agreement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in inappropriate conduct including the use of physical force or verbal abuse, abuse of the customs or mores; disability access; road, premises conditions and/or maintenance; disease risks; inadequate health care; scratches, bruises, strains, sprains, contusions, falls, fractures; physical violence; verbal abuse; sexual

Bogyo, Matthew

467

A simulation study of a Subsea Mudlift Drilling system during tripping operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To face the new challenges that the petroleum industry has in deepwaters, a Subsea Mudlift Drilling Joint Industry Project, SMDJIP, was formed. The main task for this project is to develop the technology needed to drill in water depths beyond 7500...

Escobar Parada, Alvaro Hernando

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ice Climbing in Clear Creek Canyon A climbing trip report by Glenn Murray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metal thingies?' Sean pulls on his boots. He has great boots, massive leather Kastingers with wooden

469

Two different approaches to enhance learning in geological field trips by the use of modern technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a digital camera and/or a digital camcorder, it is possible to enhance the learning process associated by other means. In the other approach, the students were provided with digital camera and a portable PC of sedimentary and structural features, as well as petrophysical and diagenetic characteristics and processes

Fossen, Haakon

470

RESEARCH AND PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS In a recent trip to Costa Rica, Antnia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of entomology at the Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM), and Xiaoling Tong, Postdoctoral Associate, worked Rica are some of the oldest suppliers. Monteiro and Tong visited two of the largest farms in the area released inside. The butterflies lay eggs and the larvae eat the food plants protected from most

Monteiro, Antnia

471

(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 8: Green Bank trip + gas dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

matter (i.e., dark matter). #12; A heretical alternative? A few bold souls have pointed out that once/T. #12; Gas dynamics: a Keplerian example From Herrnstein et al. (1999): water masers tracing orbital, based on the central concentration of luminous matter (stars and gas): #12; Rotation curves

Baker, Andrew J.

472

(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 8: Green Bank trip; gas dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

matter (i.e., dark matter). #12; A heretical alternative? A few bold souls have pointed out that once/T. #12; Gas dynamics: a Keplerian example From Herrnstein et al. (1999): water masers tracing orbital, based on the central concentration of luminous matter (stars and gas): #12; Rotation curves

Baker, Andrew J.

473

(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 8: Green Bank trip; gas dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the existence of additional nonluminous matter (i.e., dark matter). #12; A heretical alternative? A few bold on weak lensing (apparently, mostly dark matter that is not "collisional"). #12; Inclination's third law for v = 2R/T. #12; Gas dynamics: a Keplerian example From Herrnstein et al. (1999): water

Baker, Andrew J.

474

Trip Report Apologies for long report. Geophysical boundary conditions must be considered in defining a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not disagree about anything in that chart per se. Purple areas in Fig. 1a are emissions to date; reserves (blue) are uncertain. Expert opinion suggests that we are now close to "peak oil", i.e., remaining oil is about as much as has been used already. Thus reserve estimates labeled IPCC probably are more realistic than those

Hansen, James E.

475

Endeavour Launch 3: The Trip of a Lifetime | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the news, and the first thing I did was... smile. I don't know anything about Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) systems, but I quickly learned that the problem had something to do with a...

476

9 Conversation with Aijakko Mitiq about his trip to the North Pole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 9 Length of track 45 minutes Title of track Discussion with Aijakko Mitiq about his adventures...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

477

NYSGA 2010 Trip 4 -Olsen Fossil Great Lakes of the Newark Supergroup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the dinosaurs, the rifting process, carbon sequestration, and chaos in the Solar System. INTRODUCTION: THE TRIASSIC-JURASSIC GREAT LAKES OF CENTRAL PANGEA This guidebook focuses of the deposits, fossils dimension comparable to the scale of the American Great Lakes or the East African Great Lakes and perhaps

Olsen, Paul E.

478

Title Trip Report: Hydrologic Field Reconnaissance Led by Robert Coache, Water Resources  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Reviewwill help prepareA Review ofGeographictoSeismicity of

479

DOE GovTrip PIA, Office of Corporate Information Systems | Department of  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orAChiefAppropriation FYG 242.1-1 DOE G 242.1-1

480

Optimal Energy Management of a PHEV Using Trip Information | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDiesel Enginesthe U.S. -- An Overview

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "avg trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13Discovers TransformersLetterOpinion Piece

482

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Electro-Mechanically Actuated Trip and Throttle Valve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a special type of fail-safe valve for steam turbines. This valve closes rapidly to stop steam flow into a turbine, during emergency situations, to prevent injury and damage to the turbine. Some steam turbine engineers from both Exlar and Dresser-Rand to complete component and material selection for the final design

Demirel, Melik C.

483

Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1:Energy 2: March 1,

484

Fact #616: March 29, 2010 Household Vehicle-Miles of Travel by Trip Purpose  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1:Energy 2: March 1,|

485

Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July|Rise |Department of Energy 8:

486

Trip Report: DOE ¬タモ DOD Case Study Forum, National Defense University  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternationalTechnologyDepartmentStorageDepartment of Energy Seventh

487

U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy, Office of Civil Rights,

488

U.S. Secretary of Energy Concludes Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy, Office ofNuclear Weaponsto ReachMeeting

489

Cyber Wars Have SQUIDs, Will Travel A Trip to Nuclear North Korea  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY 2012 FYCustomer-Commentslo s a l a m o s s c i e

490

Secretary Chu to Visit Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of Energy U.S. Department ofSANFuelSavannahDepartmentNuclearDepartment of

491

(International symposium on fusion nuclear technology, Tokyo, Japan, April 10, 1988): Foreign trip report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A presentation entitled ''Experimental and Analytical Investigations of Mass Transfer Processes of /sup 12/Cr-1MoVW Steel in Thermally-Convected Lithium Systems'' was made by G.E. Bell (coauthors M.A. Abdou (UCLA) and P.F. Tortorelli (ORNL)) at a poster session of the International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology (ISFNT). The results presented were taken from work performed while Mr. Bell was an Oak Ridge Associated Universities Fellow at ORNL from October 1986 to March 1988. A consistent theme throughout the conference was the need for collaboration within and among national efforts to achieve the goal of an engineering test reactor.

Bell, G.E.

1988-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

492

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 56 A Magical Cactus Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and "New Age" in her aesthetic: she first attracts Jamie's attention through her peculiar solo dancing phone calls, they begin their journey to the north of Chile without her. Jamie displays an almost they find her being assaulted by gypsies. Jamie is almost immediately frustrated with her presence

Kammen, Daniel M.

493

TRAVEL REIMBURSEMENTS Basic Travel Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on supervised group trips or co-travelers sharing a room Private Car Mileage Shortest distance for travel Car Rentals You can rent up to an intermediate size car - additional insurance is not reimbursable for receipts, but may be submitted in addition to show proof of payment Car rental receipts showing payment

El Karoui, Noureddine

494

Mathematics Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

km (since BC > 0). Piravena travels a distance of 3250 + 1250 + 3000 = 7500 km for her complete trip. To fly from C to A, the cost is 3000 ? 0.10 + 100 = $400. To bus from C to A, the cost is 3000 ? 0 the notation | XY Z| to represent the area of triangle XY Z. Then, | APE| = | ABE| - | ABP|. Since ABE

Le Roy, Robert J.

495

Saturn's Largest Moon Distance to Saturn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Three radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) · Optical Remote-Sensing Instruments: Will determine

Waliser, Duane E.

496

The Library for Distance Learners: Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

books, journals and databases are accessible via the Library website, on or off campus, using your Bath.bath.ac.uk/library/help/infoguides/catalogue.html Books & e-Books To find books, use the catalogue to search for keywords and/or author names Library borrower number. Dissertations M.Sc. dissertations submitted to the Library over the past five

Rzepa, Henry S.

497

semidefinite programming approaches to distance geometry ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

depending on the local chemical environment (influenced by neighboring ...... post processing local refinement methods using the SDP estimated solution as a ..... Before doing so, we describe the simulation setup that is used throughout this ... the unit square [?0.5,0.5] [?0.5,0.5] via the Matlab command: rand('state',0); x.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

2, 18931923, 2005 Distance in spatial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maps with daily or better resolution are necessary for investigation of the climatology of extreme as possible (e.g. in climatology). The back-bone of these maps are rain gauge data since the reliability monitoring product of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (http://gpcc.dwd.de) is based on about 6000

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

499

A Proximal Point Algorithm with Bregman Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

path of local decisions and actions anchored to the current state, via inertia aspects,. i.e. costs to move ... while the previous models do not. What is original in ... is the decision space of states which can be alternatives, performances, actions,.

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

500

Semidefinite code bounds based on quadruple distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acknowledgement. We thank Niels Oosterling for very helpful comments on the method. References. [1] E. Agrell, Bounds for unrestricted binary codes,.

2010-05-20T23:59:59.000Z