National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for average vehicle-miles traveled

  1. Table 5.12. U.S. Average Vehicle-Miles Traveled by Household Composition,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02. U.S. Average

  2. Table 5.13. U.S. Average Vehicle-Miles Traveled by Vehicle Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02. U.S. Average3.

  3. Table 5.15. U.S. Average Vehicle-Miles Traveled by Vehicle

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02. U.S. Average3.4.5.

  4. Petroleum Reduction Strategies to Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the table below describes petroleum reduction strategies to reduce vehicle miles traveled, as well as guidance and best practices for each strategy.

  5. Odometer Versus Self-Reported Estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    The findings described here compare odometer readings with self-reported estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) to investigate to what extent self-reported VMT is a reliable surrogate for odometer-based VMT.

  6. Fact #552: January 5, 2009 Vehicle Miles of Travel by Region

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Total vehicle miles of travel (VMT) in the U.S. have declined from 2007 to 2008. The latest data available, September 2008, shows a 4.4% decline in travel that varies by region. Comparing September...

  7. Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vehicle travel in the U.S. varies by month. There are many reasons for this, including the fact that some months are shorter than others. The vehicle miles of travel (VMT) recorded in February is...

  8. Fact #670: April 11, 2011 Vehicle-Miles of Travel Rises in 2010

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The preliminary estimates from the Federal Highway Administration show that vehicle-miles of travel (VMT) increased slightly in 2010 over the previous year, but have not surpassed the peak of 3.03...

  9. Fact #616: March 29, 2010 Household Vehicle-Miles of Travel by Trip Purpose

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2009, getting to and from work accounted for about 27% of household vehicle-miles of travel (VMT). Work-related business was 8.4% of VMT in 2001, but declined to 6.7% in 2009, possibly due to...

  10. Fact #860 February 16, 2015 Relationship of Vehicle Miles of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    travel. At the beginning of 2014, the vehicle miles of travel increased even as gasoline prices were increasing. Relationship of Vehicle Miles of Travel and the Price of Gasoline,...

  11. Registrations and vehicle miles of travel of light duty vehicles, 1985--1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, P.S.; Davis, S.C.; Schmoyer, R.L.

    1998-02-01

    To obtain vehicle registration data that consistently and accurately reflect the distinction between automobiles and light-duty trucks, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was asked by FHWA to estimate the current and historical vehicle registration numbers of automobiles and of other two-axle four-tire vehicles (i.e., light-duty trucks), and their associated travel. The term automobile is synonymous with passenger car. Passenger cars are defined as all sedans, coupes, and station wagons manufactured primarily for the purpose of carrying passengers. This includes taxicabs, rental cars, and ambulances and hearses on an automobile chassis. Light-duty trucks refer to all two-axle four-tire vehicles other than passenger cars. They include pickup trucks, panel trucks, delivery and passenger vans, and other vehicles such as campers, motor homes, ambulances on a truck chassis, hearses on a truck chassis, and carryalls. In this study, light-duty trucks include four major types: (1) pickup truck, (2) van, (3) sport utility vehicle, and (4) other 2-axle 4-tire truck. Specifically, this project re-estimates statistics that appeared in Tables MV-1 and MV-9 of the 1995 Highway Statistics. Given the complexity of the approach developed in this effort and the incompleteness and inconsistency of the state-submitted data, it is recommended that alternatives be considered by FHWA to obtain vehicle registration data. One alternative is the Polk`s NVPP data (via the US Department of Transportation`s annual subscription to Polk). The second alternative is to obtain raw registration files from individual states` Departments of Motor Vehicles and to decode individual VINs.

  12. Table 5.9. U.S. Average Vehicle-Miles Traveled by Family Income, 1994

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02. U.S.8. U.S...9.

  13. Fact #860 February 16, 2015 Relationship of Vehicle Miles of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Vehicle Miles of Travel and the Price of Gasoline fotw860web.xlsx More Documents & Publications 2012 Data File 2013 Wind Technologies Market Report Data Fact 859 February 9,...

  14. Estimating Vehicle Miles Traveled on Local Roads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Jiayu

    2013-11-07

    . The logarithmic value of the link rank (Rank) by r, and the logarithmic value of betweenness centrality (BC value) by y. The first piece (red) includes 20% total links and the second (blue) involves 80% links. ......................... 38 Figure 8... with income higher than x, x = income). Meanwhile, he observed that around 80% of the land in Italy was owned by 20% of the population. This phenomenon also exists in income range. That is why this kind of distribution is known as the 80-20 rule or the law...

  15. Chapter 3. Vehicle-Miles Traveled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948CaliforniaFeet) (Million CubicYear Jan Feb2.3.

  16. Fact #584: August 17, 2009 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate?

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The price of gasoline is one factor that can have an effect on the number of highway vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The graph below shows a three-month moving average of the percentage change of...

  17. Fact #566: April 13, 2009 Vehicle Travel and the Price of Gasoline

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The price of gasoline is one factor that can have an effect on the number of highway vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The graph below shows a three-month moving average of the percentage change of...

  18. Equity Evaluation of Vehicle Miles Traveled Fees in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsen, Lisa Kay

    2012-10-19

    of state gas tax or VMT fee revenue generated by each household income level quintile. Results indicate that all VMT fee scenarios are essentially as equally vertically equitable than the current state gas tax system. Scenario 4 was designed...

  19. Fact #860 February 16, 2015 Relationship of Vehicle Miles of Travel and the Price of Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The prices of gasoline and diesel fuel affect the transportation sector in many ways. For example, fuel prices can impact the number of miles driven and affect the choices consumers make when...

  20. Fact #860 February 16, 2015 Relationship of Vehicle Miles of Travel and the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNaturaldefinesMay 4, Jeffryand63-2006Price of Gasoline - Dataset

  1. Fact #903: December 14, 2015 Vehicle Miles of Travel is up in 2015 -

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNaturaldefinesMay 4, Jeffryand63-2006Price of GasolineAllDataset

  2. Fact #903: December 14, 2015 Vehicle Miles of Travel is up in 2015 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services » Program ManagementAct4Facility

  3. Table 5.2. U.S. per Household Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Vehicle Fuel Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02. U.S.8. U.S.. U.S.

  4. Table 5.3. U.S. per Vehicle Miles Traveled, Vehicle Fuel Consumption and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02. U.S.8. U.S.. U.S..

  5. Fact #698: October 24, 2011 Changes in the Federal Highway Administration Vehicle Travel Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the April release of Table VM-1 from Highway Statistics 2009 came several changes to the availability of data on vehicle miles of travel (VMT). From 1966 to 2008, the Federal Highway...

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Electric Vehicle Mile Traveled (eVMT): On-road Results and Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Idaho National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation meeting about Electric Vehicle...

  7. An algorithm for the solution of a traveling salesman problem to minimize the average time to demand satisfaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, James Patrick

    1992-01-01

    AN ALGORITHM FOR THE SOLUTION OF A TRAVELING SALESMAN PROBLEM TO MINIMIZE THE AVERAGE TIME TO DEMAND SATISFACTION A Thesis by JAMES PATRICK RYAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN ALGORITHM FOR THB SOLUTION OF A TRAVBLING SALESMAN PROBLEM TO MINIMIBB THE AVBRAGE TIME TO DEMAND SATISFACTION A Thesis by JAMES PATRICK RYAN...

  8. A Review of the International Modeling Literature: Transit, Land Use, and Auto Pricing Strategies to Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodier, Caroline J.

    2008-01-01

    Warming Solutions Act (AB 32) requires California’s green housewarming legislation in the U.S. California is tasked with reducing green house

  9. A Review of the International Modeling Literature: Transit, Land Use, and Auto Pricing Strategies to Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodier, Caroline J.

    2009-01-01

    California Department of Transportation (Caltrans), California EnergyTransportation Pricing Strategies for California: An Assessment of Congestion, Emissions, Energy,

  10. California’s K-12 Educational Infrastructure Investments: Leveraging the State’s Role for Quality School Facilities in Sustainable Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    gas  (GHG)  emissions,  particularly  from  vehicle  miles  decrease  in  vehicle  travel  and   GHG  emissions  from  vehicle  miles  traveled  and   greenhouse  gas  emissions  

  11. Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Motor Gasoline Consumption Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    The motor gasoline consumption module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide forecasts of total U.S. consumption of motor gasolien based on estimates of vehicle miles traveled and average vehicle fuel economy.

  12. Travel Guide Travel Mode Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    reduce your travel costs, alleviate congestion and parking problems, reduce your carbon footprint.uclan.ac.uk/sustainabletravel For travel advice contact: UCLan Sports Arena 01772 761000 Reduce time, money and your carbon footprint

  13. Coherent Averaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien M. E. Fraïsse; Daniel Braun

    2015-04-13

    We investigate in detail a recently introduced "coherent averaging scheme" in terms of its usefulness for achieving Heisenberg limited sensitivity in the measurement of different parameters. In the scheme, $N$ quantum probes in a product state interact with a quantum bus. Instead of measuring the probes directly and then averaging as in classical averaging, one measures the quantum bus or the entire system and tries to estimate the parameters from these measurement results. Combining analytical results from perturbation theory and an exactly solvable dephasing model with numerical simulations, we draw a detailed picture of the scaling of the best achievable sensitivity with $N$, the dependence on the initial state, the interaction strength, the part of the system measured, and the parameter under investigation.

  14. Texas A&M Transportation Institute College Station, TX 77843-3135

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    efficiency Construction cost inflation System efficiencies Passage of Proposition 1 Amount experienced in Texas from 2000-2010) Vehicle Miles Traveled ­ average change over past 10 years in per capita Construction cost Inflation ­ 6.9% increase per year (average annual change from 1998- 2013) #12; System

  15. Infrastructure Investment Texas A&M Transportation Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    condition Population growth Vehicle miles traveled Fuel efficiency Construction cost inflation System years in per capita VMT is maintained Fuel efficiency ­ average rate of increase over the past 10 years is maintained Construction cost inflation ­ 5% increase per year (average annual change from 1998- 2013

  16. Testimony of Dr. David Ellis Research Scientist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Construction cost inflation System efficiencies Passage of Proposition 1 Amount of construction financed via-2010) Vehicle Miles Traveled ­ average change over past 10 years in per capita VMT is maintained Fuel efficiency ­ average rate of increase over the past 10 years is maintained Construction cost inflation ­ 5

  17. Cost Analysis of Plug-In Hybred Electric Vehicles Using GPS-Based Longitudinal Travel Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Xing [Lamar University] [Lamar University; Dong, Jing [Iowa State University] [Iowa State University; Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Using spatial, longitudinal travel data of 415 vehicles over 3 18 months in the Seattle metropolitan area, this paper estimates the operating costs of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) of various electric ranges (10, 20, 30, and 40 miles) for 3, 5, and 10 years of payback period, considering different charging infrastructure deployment levels and gasoline prices. Some key findings were made. (1) PHEVs could help save around 60% or 40% in energy costs, compared with conventional gasoline vehicles (CGVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), respectively. However, for motorists whose daily vehicle miles traveled (DVMT) is significant, HEVs may be even a better choice than PHEV40s, particularly in areas that lack a public charging infrastructure. (2) The incremental battery cost of large-battery PHEVs is difficult to justify based on the incremental savings of PHEVs operating costs unless a subsidy is offered for largebattery PHEVs. (3) When the price of gasoline increases from $4/gallon to $5/gallon, the number of drivers who benefit from a larger battery increases significantly. (4) Although quick chargers can reduce charging time, they contribute little to energy cost savings for PHEVs, as opposed to Level-II chargers.

  18. Travelling to Travelling to Paisley Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Travelling to Paisley Campus #12;Travelling to Paisley Campus UWS supports students in making sustainable travel choices for their journey to Paisley Campus. If you live within 2 miles of campus save travel information. The campus is well served by public transport links. Paisley Gilmour Street and Canal

  19. Travel Reimbursement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment TopMetathesisSedimentsTechnologies |TotalRadiationTravel

  20. Department of Transportation I. Internal Scan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Department of Transportation I. Internal Scan The number of older drivers in the United States-driver basis, older adults are among the safest. The average annual number of crashes in the United States million vehicle miles traveled (MVMT), drivers over the age of 75 have a fatality rate of 3.7 deaths per

  1. Travel Policy and Procedures

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-17

    The Order supplements the Federal Travel Regulation as principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation and establishes DOE M 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 2-17-06, as the DOE repository for supplementary travel requirements information. Cancels DOE O 552.1-1. Canceled by DOE O 552.1A Admin Chg 1.

  2. Travel Policy and Procedures

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-17

    The Order supplements the Federal Travel Regulation as principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation and establishes DOE M 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 2-17-06, as the repository for supplementary travel requirements information. Supersedes DOE O 552.1. Admin Chg 1, dated 10-1-08, supersedes DOE O 552.1A.

  3. Travel Policy and Procedures

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-09-04

    To supplement the Federal Travel Regulation (41 CFR, Parts 300-304), the principal source of policy for Federal employee travel and relocation matters, and to establish DOE M 552.1-1, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual, dated 09-04-02, as the repository for supplementary travel requirements information for the Department of Energy (DOE). Cancels DOE 1500.2A and DOE 1500.4A. Canceled by DOE O 552.1A.

  4. TROBEXIS / AMADEUS Travel Portal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Andrew J.

    TROBEXIS / AMADEUS Quick Reference Guides ­ Travel Portal University of Newcastle September 2014 #12;Available Quick Reference Guides - 1. Travel Portal Overview 3 2. Trobexis Overview 4 3 of Newcastle - Travel Portal Trobexis.com © 2010 Evolving Spaces (VIC) Pty Ltd and Amadeus IT Group S.A. P a g

  5. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-11-08

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. The Page Change 1 to the CRD issued 11-8-02, will expand the requirements for country clearance for contractors to include all official foreign travel, including travel to nonsensitive countries. Cancels DOE O 551.1. Canceled by DOE O 551.1B.

  6. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-04-12

    The order establishes requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1C.

  7. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-06-24

    The Order sets forth requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1B.

  8. Neutron resonance averaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrien, R.E.

    1986-10-01

    The principles of resonance averaging as applied to neutron capture reactions are described. Several illustrations of resonance averaging to problems of nuclear structure and the distribution of radiative strength in nuclei are provided. 30 refs., 12 figs.

  9. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-04-02

    The order establishes DOE requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. The Pg Chg removes the requirement to surrender official passports and replaces it with a process that requires travelers be responsible for safeguarding theirown official passports. Supersedes DOE O 551.1D, dated 4-12-12.

  10. Empirical Measurements of Travelers' Value of Travel Time Reliability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danda, Santosh Rao

    2014-08-12

    empirical data to take an initial step toward understanding the importance of travel time reliability. Katy Freeway travelers face a daily choice between reliable tolled lanes and less reliable but untolled lanes. An extensive dataset of Katy Freeway travel...

  11. Thurston Regional Planning Council Helps Washingtonians Save...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    rising fuel costs, and the increase in childhood obesity); and reduce greenhouse gases, carbon footprint, and vehicle miles traveled. The Weatherization and Intergovernmental...

  12. Traveling-wave photodetector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Vawter, Gregory A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1993-01-01

    The traveling-wave photodetector of the present invention combines an absorptive optical waveguide and an electrical transmission line, in which optical absorption in the waveguide results in a photocurrent at the electrodes of the electrical transmission line. The optical waveguide and electrical transmission line of the electrically distributed traveling-wave photodetector are designed to achieve matched velocities between the light in the optical waveguide and electrical signal generated on the transmission line. This velocity synchronization provides the traveling-wave photodetector with a large electrical bandwidth and a high quantum efficiency, because of the effective extended volume for optical absorption. The traveling-wave photodetector also provides large power dissipation, because of its large physical size.

  13. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-08-25

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1. Canceled by DOE O 551.1B.

  14. Traveling-wave photodetector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, V.M.; Vawter, G.A.

    1993-12-14

    The traveling-wave photodetector of the present invention combines an absorptive optical waveguide and an electrical transmission line, in which optical absorption in the waveguide results in a photocurrent at the electrodes of the electrical transmission line. The optical waveguide and electrical transmission line of the electrically distributed traveling-wave photodetector are designed to achieve matched velocities between the light in the optical waveguide and electrical signal generated on the transmission line. This velocity synchronization provides the traveling-wave photodetector with a large electrical bandwidth and a high quantum efficiency, because of the effective extended volume for optical absorption. The traveling-wave photodetector also provides large power dissipation, because of its large physical size. 4 figures.

  15. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-01-31

    Establishes Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contract employees. Cancels DOE O 1500.3. Canceled by DOE O 551.1A.

  16. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-08-19

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1A. Canceled by DOE O 551.1C.

  17. Zero Energy Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Othman Ahmad; Aroland Kiring; Ali Chekima

    2012-10-17

    It is fundamentally possible to travel with zero energy based on Newton Laws of Motion. According to the first law of motion, a body will continue to travel for infinite distance unless it is acted upon by another force. For a body in motion, the force which stops perpetual motion is friction. However, there are many circumstances that friction is zero, for example in space, where there is vacuum. On earth, gravity makes objects to be in constant contact with each other generating friction but technology exists to separate them in the air using powerful magnetic forces. At low speeds, the friction caused by air is minimal but we can create vacuum even on land for high speed travel. Another condition for travelling is for it to stop at its destination. On land, we can recover the kinetic energy back into electrical energy using brushless permanent magnet generators. These generators can also convert electric energy into kinetic energy in order to provide motion. This article reviews technologies that will allow us to travel with zero energy. It is easier to do it on land but in the air, it is not obvious.

  18. Travel | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranic Waste Retrieval andTravelTravel

  19. Average Angular Velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Essen

    2004-01-28

    This paper addresses the problem of the separation of rotational and internal motion. It introduces the concept of average angular velocity as the moment of inertia weighted average of particle angular velocities. It extends and elucidates the concept of Jellinek and Li (1989) of separation of the energy of overall rotation in an arbitrary (non-linear) $N$-particle system. It generalizes the so called Koenig's theorem on the two parts of the kinetic energy (center of mass plus internal) to three parts: center of mass, rotational, plus the remaining internal energy relative to an optimally translating and rotating frame.

  20. Effects of Personalized Travel Destination Visual Image on Travel Motivation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Gwanggyu 1981-

    2012-11-12

    This study examines the personalization of shown travel destination visual images using professional photography upon travel motivations, feelings, and purchase intentions of consumers in the online environment. The research design was experimental...

  1. Quantified Traveler: Travel Feedback Meets the Cloud to Change Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    spent traveling (time, cost, CO2, and calories) was able toemissions (kg of CO2), calories burned, cost ($), and traveland cost (Q4) spent traveling did not shift awareness, the information on calories (Q3) and CO2 (

  2. Reporting Unofficial Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-12-15

    Establishes requirements for the reporting of unofficial travel to foreign countries by DOE and DOE contractor employees that hold an access authorization (personnel security clearances). DOE N 251.40, dated 5/3/01, extended this directive until 12/31/01.

  3. Zero Energry Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Othman; Chekima, Ali

    2011-01-01

    It is fundamentally possible to travel with zero energy based on Newton Laws of Motion. According to the first law of motion, a body will continue to travel for infinite distance unless it is acted upon by another force. For a body in motion, the force which stops perpetual motion is friction. However, there are many circumstances that friction is zero, for example in space, where there is vacuum. On earth, gravity makes objects to be in constant contact with each other generating friction but technology exists to separate them in the air using powerful magnetic forces. At low speeds, the friction caused by air is minimal but we can create vacuum even on land for high speed travel. Another condition for travelling is for it to stop at its destination. On land, we can recover the kinetic energy back into electrical energy using brushless permanent magnet generators. These generators can also convert electric energy into kinetic energy in order to provide motion. This article reviews technologies that will allo...

  4. REGIONAL TRAVEL MAPS Philadelphia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    REGIONAL TRAVEL MAPS 2 hrs. 1 hr. 3 hrs. 4 hrs. 5 hrs. Philadelphia New York City Pittsburgh BostonReadingand Harrisburg 476 476 276 309 309 663 378 309 33 78 80 80 LEHIGH UNIVERSITY Bethlehem Quakertown to Philadelphia Coast including Philadelphia (50 miles south) and New York City (90 miles northeast). Bethlehem

  5. Ring aggregation pattern of Human Travel Trips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zi-Yang; Zhu, Peng; Qin, Yong; Jia, Li-Min

    2015-01-01

    Although a lot of attentions have been paid to human mobility, the relationship between travel pattern with city structure is still unclear. Here we probe into this relationship by analyzing the metro passenger trip data.There are two unprecedented findings. One, from the average view a linear law exists between the individual's travel distance with his original distance to city center. The mechanism underlying is a travel pattern we called "ring aggregation", i.e., the daily movement of city passengers is just aggregating to a ring with roughly equal distance to city center.Interestingly, for the round trips the daily travel pattern can be regarded as a switching between the home ring at outer area with the office ring at the inner area. Second, this linear law and ring aggregation pattern seems to be an exclusive characteristic of the metro system. It can not be found in short distance transportation modes, such as bicycle and taxi, neither as multiple transportation modes. This means the ring aggregation p...

  6. Smartmover Travel Guide Think ahead...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    ;Sustainable travel Around 26% of CO2 emissions generated in the UK are caused by personal car travel. It is therefore important to consider the impact of your car journeys. The University is committed to reducing its impact on the environment by reducing carbon emissions caused by commuting and business travel. As part

  7. Travel | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvestingRenewableTeach and Learn5Shopping forTrainingTravel

  8. Graduate, Undergraduate Student Travel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting StartedGraduate, Undergraduate Travel

  9. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    plug-in hybrid or all-electric vehicles. Projected advancesaverage. Including electric vehicle miles in the averagePlug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. 13 An important challenge

  10. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    plug-in hybrid or all-electric vehicles. Projected advancesaverage. Including electric vehicle miles in the averagePlug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. 13 An important challenge

  11. Concentration Averaging | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravel TravelChallenges |1-01Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar

  12. A comparative analysis of the Park-and-Ride/transit-oriented development tradeoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Jason (Jason Scott)

    2008-01-01

    Park-and-ride provided metro regions with a mechanism to reduce commute-generated vehicle-miles traveled, by capturing vehicles in or near their home communities and allowing their drivers to travel to their destinations ...

  13. ORISE: Travelers' Health Campaign | How ORISE is Making a Difference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travelers' Health Campaign Travelers' Health Campaign takes critical messages worldwide Travelers' Health Campaign poster Click image to enlarge Traveling can be a dangerous...

  14. Table 5.1. U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle-Miles, Motor Fuel Consumption

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2Feet)Thousand7,Year Jan995 1555. Light3Emission5.1

  15. Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure ES1.

  16. Table 5.1. U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle-Miles, Motor Fuel Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 0 0EffectiveEffective

  17. Time Travel and the Reality of Spontaneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. K. Raju

    2008-04-05

    Contrary to the informed consensus, time travel implies spontaneity (as distinct from chance) so that time travel can only be of the second kind.

  18. Spacetime Averaged Null Energy Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas Urban; Ken D. Olum

    2010-06-13

    The averaged null energy condition has known violations for quantum fields in curved space, even if one considers only achronal geodesics. Many such examples involve rapid variation in the stress-energy tensor in the vicinity of the geodesic under consideration, giving rise to the possibility that averaging in additional dimensions would yield a principle universally obeyed by quantum fields. However, after discussing various procedures for additional averaging, including integrating over all dimensions of the manifold, we give a class of examples that violate any such averaged condition.

  19. Spacetime averaged null energy condition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urban, Douglas; Olum, Ken D.

    2010-06-15

    The averaged null energy condition has known violations for quantum fields in curved space, even when one considers only achronal geodesics. Many such examples involve rapid variation in the stress-energy tensor in the vicinity of the geodesic under consideration, giving rise to the possibility that averaging in additional dimensions would yield a principle universally obeyed by quantum fields. However, after discussing various procedures for additional averaging, including integrating over all dimensions of the manifold, we give here a class of examples that violate any such averaged condition.

  20. Sequentially pulsed traveling wave accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA); Poole, Brian R. (Tracy, CA)

    2009-08-18

    A sequentially pulsed traveling wave compact accelerator having two or more pulse forming lines each with a switch for producing a short acceleration pulse along a short length of a beam tube, and a trigger mechanism for sequentially triggering the switches so that a traveling axial electric field is produced along the beam tube in synchronism with an axially traversing pulsed beam of charged particles to serially impart energy to the particle beam.

  1. Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1995-12-20

    Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

  2. Does Neighborhood Design Influence Travel? A Behavioral Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crane, Randall; Crepeau, Richard

    1998-01-01

    Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data R andall Crane 1Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data ? Randall Craneof household travel diary and GIS data for San Diego finds

  3. NADIM-Travel: A Multiagent Platform for Travel Services Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kropf, Peter

    information overload has long been an issue in tourism (Hwang et al. 2002), new technologies and business procedures are changing the way this information is accessible. As a consequence, travel agents and tourism information. MAPWeb (Camacho et al. 2001) for example is a multiagent planning and Web information

  4. ACCESSING ROAD TRAVEL REPORTS The safest traveler is the well-informed traveler. While road safety conditions in a country affect that country's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    ACCESSING ROAD TRAVEL REPORTS The safest traveler is the well-informed traveler. While road safety of countries will appear and you can view each road travel report by clicking "Download Now". #12;

  5. A Mathematics Education Researcher's Travels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding, Juliana

    A Mathematics Education Researcher's Travels: Perspectives on Mathematics Education Research from Academia, Government, and Professional Societies Karen D. King, PhD Association of Women in Mathematics for the Intersections of Mathematics and Mathematics Education Perspectives from my past that echo today Current

  6. Travel Pcard Reconciliation Main Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Travel Pcard Reconciliation Manual Main Campus Version 1.0 January 2015 Contact Information Unrestricted Accounting ­ Main Campus MSC 01 1260 STAFF: Lisa Wirth-Fiscal Services Tech Ph. # 277-2019 wirthl accounting offices (Contracts and Grants-Main Campus, Unrestricted Accounting-Main Campus, Contracts

  7. Seattle Smart Traveler D. J. Dailey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seattle Smart Traveler D. J. Dailey Assistant Professsor, Research (206) 543-2493 D. Loseff SST, October 14-18, 1996, Orlando, Florida #12;ABSTRACT Seattle Smart Traveler (SST) is a world wide web (WWW-based contact methodologies. INTRODUCTION Seattle Smart Traveler (SST) is a Federal Highway Administration field

  8. Quantum Averages of Weak Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakir Aharonov; Alonso Botero

    2005-08-23

    We re-examine the status of the weak value of a quantum mechanical observable as an objective physical concept, addressing its physical interpretation and general domain of applicability. We show that the weak value can be regarded as a \\emph{definite} mechanical effect on a measuring probe specifically designed to minimize the back-reaction on the measured system. We then present a new framework for general measurement conditions (where the back-reaction on the system may not be negligible) in which the measurement outcomes can still be interpreted as \\emph{quantum averages of weak values}. We show that in the classical limit, there is a direct correspondence between quantum averages of weak values and posterior expectation values of classical dynamical properties according to the classical inference framework.

  9. Treating Time Travel Quantum Mechanically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John-Mark A. Allen

    2014-10-10

    The fact that closed timelike curves (CTCs) are permitted by general relativity raises the question as to how quantum systems behave when time travel to the past occurs. Research into answering this question by utilising the quantum circuit formalism has given rise to two theories: Deutschian-CTCs (D-CTCs) and "postselected" CTCs (P-CTCs). In this paper the quantum circuit approach is thoroughly reviewed, and the strengths and shortcomings of D-CTCs and P-CTCs are presented in view of their non-linearity and time travel paradoxes. In particular, the "equivalent circuit model"---which aims to make equivalent predictions to D-CTCs, while avoiding some of the difficulties of the original theory---is shown to contain errors. The discussion of D-CTCs and P-CTCs is used to motivate an analysis of the features one might require of a theory of quantum time travel, following which two overlapping classes of new theories are identified. One such theory, the theory of "transition probability" CTCs (T-CTCs), is fully developed. The theory of T-CTCs is shown not to have certain undesirable features---such as time travel paradoxes, the ability to distinguish non-orthogonal states with certainty, and the ability to clone or delete arbitrary pure states---that are present with D-CTCs and P-CTCs. The problems with non-linear extensions to quantum mechanics are discussed in relation to the interpretation of these theories, and the physical motivations of all three theories are discussed and compared.

  10. Y-12 earns national Best Workplaces for Commuters designation...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    vehicle miles traveled each week and eliminates about 4,500 tons of greenhouse gas emissions each year. See more. About the photo: Durand Carmany shares how Y-12's 410 schedule...

  11. Washington: Integrated Transportation Programs & Coordinated...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    trip planner site that pulls together all regional transportation options into one portal. The project has already resulted in a reduction of 5.9 million vehicle miles traveled...

  12. Identify Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As defined by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction strategies for Federal vehicles and equipment are based on the three driving principles of petroleum reduction: Reduce vehicle miles traveled Improve fuel efficiency Use alternative fuels.

  13. California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

    2008-01-01

    alternative energy pathways (such as hydrogen and electric vehicles).Vehicle Conventional and Alternative Fuel Response Simulator California Energyenergy consumption Vehicle-miles traveled Vehicle stock turnover model Water heater vii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction This report describes five alternative

  14. Creating More Credible and Likable Travel Recommender Systems: The Influence of Virtual Agents on Travel Recommender System Evaluation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Kyung Hyan

    2011-08-08

    To help online trip planners, some online travel agencies and travel service providers have adopted travel recommender systems. Although these systems are expected to support travelers in complex decision-making processes, ...

  15. Average-Atom Thomson Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Walter R.

    -Atom Approximation W. R. Johnson, Notre Dame J. Nilsen & K. T. Cheng, LLNL The cross section for Thomson scattering Average-Atom Model Divide plasma into WS cells with a nucleus and Z electrons p2 2 - Z r + V a(r) = a a(r) V(r) = VKS(n(r), r) n(r) = nb(r) + nc(r) 4r2nb(r) = nl 2(2l+1) 1+exp[( nl -µ)/kBT] Pnl(r)2 Z = r

  16. Achronal averaged null energy condition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States) and Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

    2007-09-15

    The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent spacetime in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, achronal null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out closed timelike curves and wormholes connecting different asymptotically flat regions.

  17. SRI2007 Conference - Travel Tips

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 HomeTravel

  18. Travel Policy | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts >TransportationEHSS A-Z SitePolicy Travel

  19. Middletown, Connecticut 06459 Ebola Travel Advisory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    community to refrain from nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone returning to the state from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. It is important

  20. Jefferson Lab Visitor's Center - Travel Accommodations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travel Accommodations While visiting or working at JLab there are many options for living accommodations. These options vary depending upon the expected length of stay,...

  1. JACK & LAURA DANGERMOND GEOGRAPHY TRAVEL SCHOLARSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    JACK & LAURA DANGERMOND GEOGRAPHY TRAVEL SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION FORM NAME PERM _______ E-MAIL DATE ___ Terms of the Award: · Applicant must be a currently registered Geography graduate student. · Applicant

  2. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON TRAVEL CARD APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON TRAVEL CARD APPLICATION US 01745 UW CTS Box 351120 206-543-7171 CARD DATA the following conditions: · The card must be used only for University of Washington business related and travel expenses as described in card policies http://f2.washington.edu/fm

  3. Travel policies and practices of Department of Energy grantees. [Travel costs for US DOE grantees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-30

    The fiscal year 1980 travel activities, particularly trips to annual conventions, of Department of Energy grantees were reviewed. DOE made 9987 grants during fiscal year 1980. Ten grantees, i.e., educational institutions, governmental entities, companies, etc. were selected for the travel review. Information is included on the cost and purpose of trips, applicable travel policies, cost reporting, and auditing of travel vouchers. The results showed that the 10 selected grantees made 1194 trips costing a total of $170,974, or about 1% of their grant funds. Grantees travel costs ranged from $331 to $46,512 and the number of trips ranged from 1 to 471. (LCL)

  4. Positioner with long travel in two dimensions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trumper, David L. (Plaistow, NH); Williams, Mark E. (Pelham, NH)

    1997-12-23

    A precision positioning system is provided which provides long travel in two of the linear dimensions, while using non-contact bearings for both a first subassembly which provides long travel in one of the linear dimension and a second subassembly which provides long travel in the second linear dimension. The first or upper subassembly is preferably a magnetic subassembly which, in addition to providing long travel, also compensates or positions in three rotary dimensions and in the third linear dimension. The second subassembly is preferably either an air bearing or magnetic subassembly and is normally used only to provide long travel. Angled surfaces may be provided for magnetic bearings and capacitive or other gap sensing probes may be mounted to the stage and ground flush with the bearing actuators to provide more precise gap measurements.

  5. CUNY EXPORT CONTROL TRAVEL BRIEFING Last Updated: May 6, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    CUNY EXPORT CONTROL TRAVEL BRIEFING Last Updated: May 6, 2013 1 CUNY EXPORT CONTROL GUIDANCE: INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL BRIEFING 1. Introduction When traveling abroad, taking certain items, providing certain services or meeting with certain people can present export control

  6. Spectral averaging techniques for Jacobi matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael del Rio; Carmen Martinez; Hermann Schulz-Baldes

    2008-02-20

    Spectral averaging techniques for one-dimensional discrete Schroedinger operators are revisited and extended. In particular, simultaneous averaging over several parameters is discussed. Special focus is put on proving lower bounds on the density of the averaged spectral measures. These Wegner type estimates are used to analyze stability properties for the spectral types of Jacobi matrices under local perturbations.

  7. Secretary Bodman To Travel to Vienna, Austria for Second GNEP...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Bodman To Travel to Vienna, Austria for Second GNEP Ministerial and IAEA General Conference Secretary Bodman To Travel to Vienna, Austria for Second GNEP Ministerial and IAEA...

  8. DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions June 29, 2012 -...

  9. ORISE: CDC Travelers' Health Mobile App, Designed by ORISE, Gains...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This? Mobile App Helps International Travelers Make Safe Dining Choices CDC Travelers' Health app, designed by ORISE, gains attention on multiple websites How ORISE is Making a...

  10. Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleni-Alexandra Kontou

    2015-07-22

    The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a quantum inequality on a geodesic in a spacetime with small curvature, working to first order in the Ricci tensor and its derivatives. The last step is to derive a bound for the null-projected quantum inequality on a general timelike path. Finally we use that result to prove achronal ANEC in spacetimes with small curvature.

  11. Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kontou, Eleni-Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a qu...

  12. The domestic travel sector in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders, Jeff, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    China is already the largest domestic tourism market in the world. Chinese citizens made as many as 800 million overnight domestic trips in 2005. While travel is not a new concept in China, the disposable income they wield, ...

  13. Travel Agent Participation in Biosecurity Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The show has increased knowledge for a large proportion (75%) of travel agents and also influenced variation in mean response between 2002 and 2004. There is a tendency for agents to be less ambivalent

  14. The Patricia Mokhtarian Fund for Travel Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    and friends are coming together to create The Patricia Mokhtarian Fund for Travel Behavior at UC Davis Bhat, Cynthia Chen, Sangho Choo, Michael Clay, Susan Handy, David Ory, Ram Pendyala, and Gil Tal. Thank

  15. SELECTING TRAVEL RELIABILITY MEASURES David Schrank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SELECTING TRAVEL RELIABILITY MEASURES by Tim Lomax David Schrank Shawn Turner Texas Transportation Administration provided technical resource staff persons who identified the need for a reliability measure, California Department of Transportation Tim Baker, Colorado Department of Transportation Gordon Morgan

  16. Hotel and Travel Information for the Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Executive Summit on Wind Research and Development is being held in the Cottonwoods Pavillion at the Hyatt Regency Tamaya Resort and Spa. Here registrants can find summit hotel and travel...

  17. University of Connecticut Office of Travel Services,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    University of Connecticut Office of Travel Services, Accounts Payable Department New Central Warehouse Building, 3 North Hillside Road, Unit 6220 Storrs, CT 06269-6220 The University of Connecticut

  18. A novel wideband gyrotron travelling wave amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirigiri, Jagadishwar R. (Jagadishwar Rao), 1973-

    2003-01-01

    We present the design and the experimental results of a novel wideband quasioptical Gyrotron Traveling Wave Tube (gyro-TWT) amplifier and the first Vacuum Electron Device (VED) with a Photonic Band Gap (PBG) structure. The ...

  19. Sustainable Travel Plan for the Exeter Campuses 2010-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearhop, Stuart

    ; · Introduction of emissions-based car parking charges and a new pay and display scheme to support flexible travel related travel 9 4 Key achievements 10 5 Objectives and targets 11 6 Car parking 11 7 Actions 13 7.9 Mitigating travel emissions 21 7.10 Building developments and site specific travel plans 21 8 Measure

  20. GIFT OF TRAVEL OFFER FORWARDING MEMORANDUM Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GIFT OF TRAVEL OFFER FORWARDING MEMORANDUM From: Page 1 of 2 To: President, Naval Postgraduate School Subj: OFFER OF GIFT OF TRAVEL TO THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Ref: (a) NPS Gifts of Travel SOP Date(mm/dd/yyyy): (b) SECNAVINST 4001.2J Encl: (1) Offer of Gift of Travel from 1. Enclosure (1

  1. Dynamic Multiscale Averaging (DMA) of Turbulent Flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard W. Johnson

    2012-09-01

    A new approach called dynamic multiscale averaging (DMA) for computing the effects of turbulent flow is described. The new method encompasses multiple applications of temporal and spatial averaging, that is, multiscale operations. Initially, a direct numerical simulation (DNS) is performed for a relatively short time; it is envisioned that this short time should be long enough to capture several fluctuating time periods of the smallest scales. The flow field variables are subject to running time averaging during the DNS. After the relatively short time, the time-averaged variables are volume averaged onto a coarser grid. Both time and volume averaging of the describing equations generate correlations in the averaged equations. These correlations are computed from the flow field and added as source terms to the computation on the next coarser mesh. They represent coupling between the two adjacent scales. Since they are computed directly from first principles, there is no modeling involved. However, there is approximation involved in the coupling correlations as the flow field has been computed for only a relatively short time. After the time and spatial averaging operations are applied at a given stage, new computations are performed on the next coarser mesh using a larger time step. The process continues until the coarsest scale needed is reached. New correlations are created for each averaging procedure. The number of averaging operations needed is expected to be problem dependent. The new DMA approach is applied to a relatively low Reynolds number flow in a square duct segment. Time-averaged stream-wise velocity and vorticity contours from the DMA approach appear to be very similar to a full DNS for a similar flow reported in the literature. Expected symmetry for the final results is produced for the DMA method. The results obtained indicate that DMA holds significant potential in being able to accurately compute turbulent flow without modeling for practical engineering applications.

  2. MESOSCALE AVERAGING OF NUCLEATION AND GROWTH MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    MESOSCALE AVERAGING OF NUCLEATION AND GROWTH MODELS MARTIN BURGER , VINCENZO CAPASSO , AND LIVIO-Kolmogorov relations for the degree of crystallinity. By relating the computation of expected values to mesoscale averaging, we obtain a suitable description of the process at the mesoscale. We show how the variance

  3. Optimal Average Cost Manufacturing Flow Controllers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veatch, Michael H.

    policy the differ- ential cost is C1 on attractive control switching boundaries. Index Terms Average costOptimal Average Cost Manufacturing Flow Controllers: Convexity and Differentiability Michael H and differentiability of the differential cost function are investigated. It is proven that under an optimal control

  4. Averages in vector spaces over finite fields 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright J.; Carbery A.; Stones B.

    2008-01-01

    We study the analogues of the problems of averages and maximal averages over a surface in R-n when the euclidean structure is replaced by that of a vector space over a finite field, and obtain optimal results in a number ...

  5. Traveling-wave device with mass flux suppression

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Backhaus, Scott N. (Los Alamos, NM); Gardner, David L. (White Rock, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A traveling-wave device is provided with the conventional moving pistons eliminated. Acoustic energy circulates in a direction through a fluid within a torus. A side branch may be connected to the torus for transferring acoustic energy into or out of the torus. A regenerator is located in the torus with a first heat exchanger located on a first side of the regenerator downstream of the regenerator relative to the direction of the circulating acoustic energy; and a second heat exchanger located on an upstream side of the regenerator. The improvement is a mass flux suppressor located in the torus to minimize time-averaged mass flux of the fluid. In one embodiment, the device further includes a thermal buffer column in the torus to thermally isolate the heat exchanger that is at the operating temperature of the device.

  6. Transferring 2001 National Household Travel Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Patricia S; Reuscher, Tim; Schmoyer, Richard L; Chin, Shih-Miao

    2007-05-01

    Policy makers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and to accommodate future demand. These data are also needed to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-mitigating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, and intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. In 2001, the survey was renamed the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) and it collected both daily and long-distance trips. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel were not part of the survey. Due to the survey's design, data in the NHTS survey series were not recommended for estimating travel statistics for categories smaller than the combination of Census division (e.g., New England, Middle Atlantic, and Pacific), MSA size, and the availability of rail. Extrapolating NHTS data within small geographic areas could risk developing and subsequently using unreliable estimates. For example, if a planning agency in City X of State Y estimates travel rates and other travel characteristics based on survey data collected from NHTS sample households that were located in City X of State Y, then the agency could risk developing and using unreliable estimates for their planning process. Typically, this limitation significantly increases as the size of an area decreases. That said, the NHTS contains a wealth of information that could allow statistical inferences about small geographic areas, with a pre-determined level of statistical certainty. The question then becomes whether a method can be developed that integrates the NHTS data and other data to estimate key travel characteristics for small geographic areas such as Census tract and transportation analysis zone, and whether this method can outperform other, competing methods.

  7. Travelling-waves consistent with turbulence-driven secondary flow in a square duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhlmann, Markus; Pinelli, Alfredo; 10.1063/1.3466661

    2010-01-01

    We present numerically determined travelling-wave solutions for pressure-driven flow through a straight duct with a square cross-section. This family of solutions represents typical coherent structures (a staggered array of counter-rotating streamwise vortices and an associated low-speed streak) on each wall. Their streamwise average flow in the cross-sectional plane corresponds to an eight vortex pattern much alike the secondary flow found in the turbulent regime.

  8. STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 Mignon Marks Principal Author Mignon Marks Project Manager David Ashuckian Manager ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY DIVISION B.B. Blevins Executive Director

  9. Distributed Averaging Via Lifted Markov Chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Kyomin

    Motivated by applications of distributed linear estimation, distributed control, and distributed optimization, we consider the question of designing linear iterative algorithms for computing the average of numbers in a ...

  10. Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

    We present theoretical and experimental results showing that a thermal ghost imaging system can produce images of high quality even when it uses detectors so slow that they respond only to intensity-averaged (that is, ...

  11. Selling Geothermal Systems The "Average" Contractor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selling Geothermal Systems #12;The "Average" Contractor · History of sales procedures · Manufacturer Driven Procedures · What makes geothermal technology any harder to sell? #12;"It's difficult to sell a geothermal system." · It should

  12. Spacetime Average Density (SAD) cosmological measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, Don N.

    2014-11-01

    The measure problem of cosmology is how to obtain normalized probabilities of observations from the quantum state of the universe. This is particularly a problem when eternal inflation leads to a universe of unbounded size so that there are apparently infinitely many realizations or occurrences of observations of each of many different kinds or types, making the ratios ambiguous. There is also the danger of domination by Boltzmann Brains. Here two new Spacetime Average Density (SAD) measures are proposed, Maximal Average Density (MAD) and Biased Average Density (BAD), for getting a finite number of observation occurrences by using properties of the Spacetime Average Density (SAD) of observation occurrences to restrict to finite regions of spacetimes that have a preferred beginning or bounce hypersurface. These measures avoid Boltzmann brain domination and appear to give results consistent with other observations that are problematic for other widely used measures, such as the observation of a positive cosmological constant.

  13. Average transmission probability of a random stack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin Lu; Christian Miniatura; Berthold-Georg Englert

    2009-07-31

    The transmission through a stack of identical slabs that are separated by gaps with random widths is usually treated by calculating the average of the logarithm of the transmission probability. We show how to calculate the average of the transmission probability itself with the aid of a recurrence relation and derive analytical upper and lower bounds. The upper bound, when used as an approximation for the transmission probability, is unreasonably good and we conjecture that it is asymptotically exact.

  14. Traveling Waves in Lattice Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a number of other potentials, like the power potential, the Lennard­Jones potential, etc., which cases). In the case of a general superquadratic potential, the first rigorous study of traveling waves with prescribed av­ eraged potential energy. Then the wave speed c is determined in terms of the corresponding

  15. Donald L. Wood Professional Conference Travel Grants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    Donald L. Wood Professional Conference Travel Grants for Engineering Undergraduates APPLICATION by a generous donation from the estate of Donald L. Wood. The student application and final report will be used to describe our accomplishments to the family of this sponsor. #12;Donald L. Wood Professional Conference

  16. 1Travel Time Estimation for Traffic Management and Traveler InformationTravel Time Estimation for Traffic Management and Traveler Information Robert L. BertiniRobert L. Bertini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Portland State University Oregon Transportation Research and Education ConsortiumOregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium Transportation Seminar No. 200Transportation Seminar No. 200 ·· April 4, 2008April 4 for Traffic Management and Traveler Information London UndergroundLondon UndergroundLondon Underground #12

  17. Traveling water waves with point vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristoffer Varholm

    2015-03-20

    We construct small-amplitude solitary traveling gravity-capillary water waves with a finite number of point vortices along a vertical line, on finite depth. This is done using a local bifurcation argument. The properties of the resulting waves are also examined: We find that they depend significantly on the position of the point vortices in the water column.

  18. HARVARD ALUMNI ASSOCIATION WORLDWIDE TRAVEL PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    continents ° Choice of land & rail, cruises, rivers & lakes, and spring break & family adventures ° Travel trip "ELBE RIVER" 2014 WITH PROFESSOR WERNER SOLLORS #12;2015 TRIPS LAND & RAIL CENTRAL AMERICA BEST OF PATAGONIA: BUENOS AIRES, SANTIAGO, EL CALAFATE & TORRES DEL PAINE NATIONAL PARK 29 NOVEMBER 6

  19. FACULTY CONFERENCE TRAVEL GRANT APPLICATION FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    FACULTY CONFERENCE TRAVEL GRANT APPLICATION FORM The University of Northern British Columbia conferences. GUIDELINES 1. There will be two (2) competitions per year: March 15 and September 15. 2 consideration; however, the applicant must apply prior to attending the conference and an explanation

  20. CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 16. Travel Abroad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 16. Travel Abroad This Section addresses the process for ensuring export control compliance when shipping or carrying tangible items associated with conferences with whether these activities are subject to export control regulations, to the extent that the scope

  1. Young media-induced travelers: online representations of media-induced travel conversations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarpino, Michelle Renee

    2009-05-15

    technology, specifically how online communities and online discussion forums are utilized as important venues, which support conversations among travelers (Wang, Yu & Fesenmaier, 2002; Wang & Fesenmaier, 2004). Study results supported previous arguments...

  2. Forecasting 65+ travel : an integration of cohort analysis and travel demand modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, Sarah, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Over the next 30 years, the Boomers will double the 65+ population in the United States and comprise a new generation of older Americans. This study forecasts the aging Boomers' travel. Previous efforts to forecast 65+ ...

  3. Colorado State University Quick Reference Guide to University Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approval from the Office of Risk Management is required; failure to obtain pre-approval will result or institution of higher education. Airfares/Airlines Traveler should work with approved travel agency and use

  4. What is the purpose of the Travel Policy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ://www.lib.berkeley.edu/Staff/LBS/travel.html http://policy.ucop.edu/doc/3420365/BFB-G-28 How to book a car rental through Connexxus: UC Travel

  5. Terminal Chaos: Why U.S. AirTravel Is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Unless aviation infrastructure (airports and air traffic control) were also transformed by market forces success in democ- ratizing air travel. It unleashed competition that transformed air travel from a luxury

  6. Improving Traffic Congestion By Regulating Employee Travel: A Phoenix Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Elizabeth K.

    1991-01-01

    suburbancharacter. The City of Phoenix’s UrbanVillage PlanBy Regulating Employee Travel: A Phoenix Survey Elizabeth K.by Regulating Employee Travel: A Phoenix Survey Elizabeth K.

  7. Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poelker, Matthew

    2013-11-01

    This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today's CEBAF polarized source operating at ~ 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

  8. Table 1. Real Average Transportation and Delivered Costs of Coal...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Real Average Transportation and Delivered Costs of Coal, By Year and Primary Transport Mode" "Year","Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)","Average Delivered Cost...

  9. TRAVEL AND BUSINESS EXPENSES University Policy No.: HR6500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Services. 7.00 Reimbursement for prepaid travel, accommodation and conference fees may be claimed in advance by submitting a Travel Claim before the trip. The prepaid receipt with a charge to the appropriate for the prepaid expenses must be included with receipts and the Travel Expense Report after the trip and charged

  10. Financial Policy Manual 2357 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY RENTAL CARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2357 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ RENTAL CARS Resp. Office/Revision: April 1, 2015 PURPOSE To provide travel guidelines regarding the use of rental cars when traveling on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies to the procurement of rental cars by and for all

  11. Supply Chain Management Purchasing, Direct Pay and Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to duplicate. The link to their website is: http://www.lsuhsc.edu/no/administration/supplychain/ CBA with a State of Louisiana Corporate Travel Card or the Dean's office CBA. Only travel listed under the previous CBA section can be purchased with a CBA. Signatures Required for Travel (Dean's office policy

  12. Seattle Smart Traveler: Dynamic Ridematching on the World Wide Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seattle Smart Traveler: Dynamic Ridematching on the World Wide Web D. J. Dailey* , D. Loseff, and D Smart Traveler (SST) is an application of World Wide Web (WWW) technology to test the concept. Keywords: Dynamic ridematch; Rideshare; Database; WWW; Carpool 1. INTRODUCTION Seattle Smart Traveler (SST

  13. Motor Fleet Request/Authorization Page 1 UNCW Travel System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Motor Fleet Request/Authorization Page 1 UNCW Travel System Motor Fleet Request/Travel Authorization ENTER THE MOTOR FLEET REQUEST IN THE TRANSPORTATION SECTION OF THE TRAVEL AUTHORIZATION. PRESS CLICK TO ADD AND SELECT MOTOR FLEET FROM THE DROP-DOWN BOX. #12;Motor Fleet Request/Authorization Page 2

  14. Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk Department of Pharmaceutial Sciences 147 expenses) If travel time does not include overnight stay (between 7AM - 8PM), the traveler should not claim before 11 AM and arrival after 2 PM; dinner - departure before 5 PM. PM and arrival after 7 PM NOTE

  15. Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time at a general interface and perturbation parameters. We derive the explicit equations for transforming these travel­time derivatives Hamiltonian function and are applicable to the transformation of travel­time derivatives in both isotropic

  16. Revised: October 2010 Eligible employees may request an Individual Travel Card if they travel overnight at least twice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    ://covkc.virginia.gov. The training is two modules; please follow the instructions on the TCC Cardholder Training Guide. You should State Travel Regulations b. CAPP Topic 20360 Travel Charge Card 5. Complete the Cardholder training

  17. Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

  18. Extracting gluon condensate from the average plaquette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taekoon Lee

    2015-03-27

    The perturbative contribution in the average plaquette is subtracted using Borel summation and the remnant of the plaquette is shown to scale as a dim-4 condensate. A critical review is presented of the renormalon subtraction scheme that claimed a dim-2 condensate. The extracted gluon condensate is compared with the latest result employing high order (35-loop) calculation in the stochastic perturbation theory.

  19. OSU Student Health Services Travel Clinic Prices, 2015-2016 Travel Consult prices and length of appointment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    OSU Student Health Services Travel Clinic Prices, 2015-2016 Travel Consult prices and length. Prices listed below are subject to change based on vaccine or medication price increases. Vaccines prices, and region of travel all impact vaccine recommendations. Vaccine prices below include a $14 injection fee. Td

  20. Quantum heuristic algorithm for traveling salesman problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seokwon Yoo; James Lim; Junghee Ryu; Changhyoup Lee; Jinhyoung Lee

    2012-11-06

    We propose a quantum heuristic algorithm to solve a traveling salesman problem by generalizing Grover search. Sufficient conditions are derived to greatly enhance the probability of finding the tours with extremal costs, reaching almost to unity and they are shown characterized by statistical properties of tour costs. In particular for a Gaussian distribution of the tours along the cost we show that the quantum algorithm exhibits the quadratic speedup of its classical counterpart, similarly to Grover search.

  1. A comparison of trip production rates developed from two types of travel survey diaries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyner, Fred Mack

    1996-01-01

    In recent years, two types of travel survey diaries have been used to collect travel behavior data for transportation planning: travel diaries and activity diaries. In the travel diary, respondents are prompted to respond for each trip. Further...

  2. Extension arm for mobile travelers suit case

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Byington, Gerald A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1999-01-01

    The invention is an apparatus for adjusting a luggage handle in relation to a luggage frame utilized to transport luggage by a traveler. The handle is connected to two extendable and retractable slide tube assemblies, the assemblies allow for the telescoping of the luggage handle to multiple positions in relation to a pair of fixed frame tubes connected to a luggage shell with wheels, to accommodate the height and personal stride of traveler. The luggage handle incorporates triggering buttons that allow ambidextrous and single-handed control of the height of the handle and slide tube assembly in relation to the luggage. The handle and slide tube assembly are connected by interior filaments to pulleys and filaments within two concentric light-weight slide tubes, which are inserted respectively into two fixed frame tubes, to allow a multitude of positions for the slide tubes to lock into the fixed frame tubes. The apparatus can be pushed or pulled by the traveler, and the support shell can accommodate multiple pieces of luggage.

  3. Average gluon and quark jet multiplicities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kotikov

    2014-11-30

    We show the results in [1,2] for computing the QCD contributions to the scale evolution of average gluon and quark jet multiplicities. The new results came due a recent progress in timelike small-x resummation obtained in the MSbar factorization scheme. They depend on two nonperturbative parameters with clear and simple physical interpretations. A global fit of these two quantities to all available experimental data sets demonstrates by its goodness how our results solve a longstandig problem of QCD. Including all the available theoretical input within our approach, alphas(Mz)=0.1199 +- 0.0026 has been obtained in the MSbar scheme in an approximation equivalent to next-to-next-to-leading order enhanced by the resummations of ln x terms through the NNLL level and of ln Q2 terms by the renormalization group. This result is in excellent agreement with the present world average.

  4. Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Scott

    Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function Ken relaxation length, v sat ø h''i (¸ 0:05¯m), the energy distribution function is not well described calculation of impact ionization coefficient requires the use of a high energy distribution function because

  5. JOSEPH L. SCHOFER JOSEPH L. SCHOFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaral, Luis A.N.

    Of Residential Location On Vehicle Miles Of Travel, Energy Consumption And Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Chicago Case Statement," Expert Forum on Road Pricing and Travel Demand Modeling Proceedings, Volpe National helmet legislation and bicycle-related non-fatal injuries in California," presented at the Annual Meeting

  6. Time-dependent angularly averaged inverse transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillaume Bal; Alexandre Jollivet

    2009-05-07

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of the absorption and scattering parameters in a time-dependent linear transport equation from knowledge of angularly averaged measurements performed at the boundary of a domain of interest. We show that the absorption coefficient and the spatial component of the scattering coefficient are uniquely determined by such measurements. We obtain stability results on the reconstruction of the absorption and scattering parameters with respect to the measured albedo operator. The stability results are obtained by a precise decomposition of the measurements into components with different singular behavior in the time domain.

  7. Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serial codesReversingprovedReynolds-Averaged

  8. Venue and Travel | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuel Efficiency &Report | DepartmentVenue and Travel

  9. The 2009 World Average of $?_s$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegfried Bethke

    2009-08-15

    Measurements of $\\alpha_s$, the coupling strength of the Strong Interaction between quarks and gluons, are summarised and an updated value of the world average of $\\alpha_s (M_Z)$ is derived. Building up on previous reviews, special emphasis is laid on the most recent determinations of $\\alpha_s$. These are obtained from $\\tau$-decays, from global fits of electroweak precision data and from measurements of the proton structure function $\\F_2$, which are based on perturbative QCD calculations up to $O(\\alpha_s^4)$; from hadronic event shapes and jet production in $\\epem$ annihilation, based on $O(\\alpha_s^3) $ QCD; from jet production in deep inelastic scattering and from $\\Upsilon$ decays, based on $O(\\alpha_s^2) $ QCD; and from heavy quarkonia based on unquenched QCD lattice calculations. Applying pragmatic methods to deal with possibly underestimated errors and/or unknown correlations, the world average value of $\\alpha_s (M_Z)$ results in $\\alpha_s (M_Z) = 0.1184 \\pm 0.0007$. The measured values of $\\alpha_s (Q)$, covering energy scales from $Q \\equiv \\mtau = 1.78$ GeV to 209 GeV, exactly follow the energy dependence predicted by QCD and therefore significantly test the concept af Asymptotic Freedom.

  10. SOLITARY-WAVE AND MULTI-PULSED TRAVELING-WAVE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-00-81

    ential equations which model waves in a horizontal water channel traveling in ... undisturbed water depth and ? lies in [0,1]. ..... We content ourselves with.

  11. Return to the Homeland: Travels in Nigeria by Ola Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amankulor, J. Ndukaku

    1989-01-01

    of America during her visit to Nigeria. The imponant thingshowed that she went to Nigeria having a positive attitudethe Homeland; Travels in Nigeria - No Snakes, No Monkeys, No

  12. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    business leaders in Jordan. He will also travel to the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt, to continue dialogues with global leaders, enhance the United States' relationship...

  13. A Dynamic Traveling Salesman Problem with Stochastic Arc Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alejandro Toriello

    2012-08-31

    Aug 31, 2012 ... Abstract: We propose a dynamic traveling salesman problem (TSP) with stochastic arc costs motivated by applications, such as dynamic ...

  14. Secretary Moniz Announces Travel to Alaska, Idaho, Wyoming, Missouri...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to Alaska, Idaho, Wyoming, Missouri to Discuss Energy Opportunities and Attend Dedication of Kansas City Plant Secretary Moniz Announces Travel to Alaska, Idaho, Wyoming,...

  15. Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price Fact 744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster...

  16. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cars are for gasoline cars only. Fuel economy average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average...

  17. Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2011 the average used light vehicle price was 36% higher than in 1990, while the average new light vehicle price was 67% higher than it was in 1990. The average price of a used vehicle had been...

  18. The Average Mass Profile of Galaxy Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. G. Carlberg; H. K. C. Yee; E. Ellingson; S. L. Morris; R. Abraham; P. Gravel; C. J. Pritchet; T. Smecker-Hane; F. D. A. Hartwick; J. E. Hesser; J. B. Hutchings; J. B. Oke

    1997-05-23

    The average mass density profile measured in the CNOC cluster survey is well described with the analytic form rho(r)=A/[r(r+a_rho)^2], as advocated on the basis on n-body simulations by Navarro, Frenk & White. The predicted core radii are a_rho=0.20 (in units of the radius where the mean interior density is 200 times the critical density) for an Omega=0.2 open CDM model, or a_rho=0.26 for a flat Omega=0.2 model, with little dependence on other cosmological parameters for simulations normalized to the observed cluster abundance. The dynamically derived local mass-to-light ratio, which has little radial variation, converts the observed light profile to a mass profile. We find that the scale radius of the mass distribution, 0.20<= a_rho <= 0.30 (depending on modeling details, with a 95% confidence range of 0.12-0.50), is completely consistent with the predicted values. Moreover, the profiles and total masses of the clusters as individuals can be acceptably predicted from the cluster RMS line-of-sight velocity dispersion alone. This is strong support of the hierarchical clustering theory for the formation of galaxy clusters in a cool, collisionless, dark matter dominated universe.

  19. Stable operating regime for traveling wave devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2000-01-01

    Autophase stability is provided for a traveling wave device (TWD) electron beam for amplifying an RF electromagnetic wave in walls defining a waveguide for said electromagnetic wave. An off-axis electron beam is generated at a selected energy and has an energy noise inherently arising from electron gun. The off-axis electron beam is introduced into the waveguide. The off-axis electron beam is introduced into the waveguide at a second radius. The waveguide structure is designed to obtain a selected detuning of the electron beam. The off-axis electron beam has a velocity and the second radius to place the electron beam at a selected distance from the walls defining the waveguide, wherein changes in a density of the electron beam due to the RF electromagnetic wave are independent of the energy of the electron beam to provide a concomitant stable operating regime relative to the energy noise.

  20. the average weight of Connecticut River fish was considerably less (Table 1). The difference in average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the average weight of Connecticut River fish was considerably less (Table 1). The difference in the Connecticut River basin. Fisheries (Bethesda) 7(6): 2-11. POTTER. I. C.· F. W. H. BEAMISH, AND B. G. H. Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. State Geol. Nat. Hist. Servo Conn.· Dep. Environ. Prot., Bull. 101, 134 p

  1. Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light is a "wave packet" A photon is a "light particle" #12;Electromagnetic Radiation and You Light is sometimes

  2. Motor Fleet Approval Process Page 1 UNCW Travel System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Motor Fleet Approval Process Page 1 UNCW Travel System Motor Fleet Approval Process Preparer submits the motor fleet vehicle request; and the request is automatically routed to the traveler an e-mail notifying them there are pending motor fleet signatures. If you are both supervisor

  3. INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC TRAVEL AND U.S. EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC TRAVEL AND U.S. EXPORT CONTROLS Updated on 5/15/2014 #12;What are Export Export Administration Regulations (EAR) ­ technologies with "dual uses" but primarily commercial 1 2 3 is an "Export" #12;INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL U.S. export control laws are principally concerned with: · Whether

  4. International Academic Travel and U.S. Export Controls INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    TOPIC: International Academic Travel and U.S. Export Controls INTRODUCTION: Many principal, and to perform their actual field research. But the academic traveler's failure to comply with U.S. export, was recently convicted for conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), the parent statute

  5. Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Travel Reimbursement Request Form Submit to: Front Desk Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences 147 : Maximum: $71.00 (Itemize meal expenses) If travel time does not include overnight stay (between 7AM - 8PM; lunch - departure before 11 AM and arrival after 2 PM; dinner - departure before 5 PM. PM and arrival

  6. Financial Policy Manual 2351 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2351 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ OVERVIEW Resp. Office/Revision: April 1, 2015 PURPOSE To provide a policy overview for the purchase and payment/reimbursement of travel and entertainment on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies to all affiliates (faculty, staff, students

  7. Financial Policy Manual 2360 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY TELEPHONE USAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2360 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ TELEPHONE USAGE Resp expenses incurred when traveling on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies responsibilities of the employee, student or postdoc can be found in Policy #2352. RESPONSIBILITY OF APPROVERS

  8. Policy: Travel Compensation for Non-exempt Employees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy: Travel Compensation for Non-exempt Employees Information contained in this document serves for overtime by federal law) salaried and hourly employees while traveling. Although CSU policy and the Federal for supervisors to interpret multiple policies on their own, CEMML has created a policy to ensure compliance

  9. Cost-effectiveness analysis of TXDOT CNG fleet conversion. Volume 2. Interim research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Euritt, M.A.; Taylor, D.B.; Mahmassani, H.

    1992-08-01

    Increased emphasis on energy efficiency and air quality has resulted in a number of state and federal initiatives examining the use of alternative fuels for motor vehicles. Texas' program for alternate fuels includes compressed natural gas (CNG). Based on an analysis of 30-year life-cycle costs, development of a natural gas vehicle (NGV) program for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) would cost about $47 million (in 1991 dollars). These costs include savings from lower priced natural gas, infrastructure costs for a fast-fueling station, vehicle costs, and operating costs. The 30-year life-cycle costs translate into an average annual vehicle cost increase of $596, or about 4.9 cents more per vehicle mile of travel. Based on the cost-effectiveness analysis and assumptions, there are currently no TxDOT stations suitable for conversion to compressed natural gas.

  10. One-dimensional kinetic description of nonlinear traveling-pulse and traveling-wave disturbances in long coasting charged particle beams

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Davidson, Ronald C.; Qin, Hong

    2015-09-21

    This paper makes use of a one-dimensional kinetic model to investigate the nonlinear longitudinal dynamics of a long coasting beam propagating through a perfectly conducting circular pipe with radius r w . The average axial electric field is expressed as z >=–(?/?z)=–ebg???b/?z – ebg2r2w?3?b/?z3, where g0 and g2 are constant geometric factors, ?b(z,t)=?dpz Fb (z,pz,t) is the line density of beam particles, and F b (z,pz,t) satisfies the 1D Vlasov equation. Detailed nonlinear properties of traveling-wave and traveling-pulse (soliton) solutions with time-stationary waveform are examined for a wide range of system parameters extending from moderate-amplitudes to large-amplitude modulations ofmore »the beam charge density. Two classes of solutions for the beam distribution function are considered, corresponding to: (i) the nonlinear waterbag distribution, where Fb = const in a bounded region of pz-space; and (ii) nonlinear Bernstein-Green-Kruskal (BGK)-like solutions, allowing for both trapped and untrapped particle distributions to interact with the self-generated electric field.« less

  11. First Time Traveler with NU? Sign up for NU financials security access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    & Biological Engineering Tech E136 8474912774 Travel Confirmations to Submit: Any prepaid travel should passes, any email confirmations for flight reservations (prepaid or reimbursable) Taxi, Rail, Parking

  12. Traveling-wave photodetectors with high power-bandwidth and gain-bandwidth product performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    TRAVELING-WAVE PHOTODETECTORS WITH HIGH POWER–BANDWIDTH ANDTraveling-wave photodetectors for high-power, largeTRAVELING-WAVE PHOTODETECTORS WITH HIGH POWER–BANDWIDTH AND

  13. Methodological Issues in the Estimation of the Travel, Energy, and Air Quality Impacts of Telecommuting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mokhtarian, Patricia; Handy, Susan; Salomon, Ilan

    1995-01-01

    have analyzed the air quality and energy impacts, but mostits travel, air quality, and energy impacts, and illustrateTHE TRAVEL, ENERGY, AND AIR QUALITY IMPACTS OF TELECOMMUTING

  14. How Common is Pedestrian Travel To, From, and Within Shopping Districts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Robert J.; Pande, Swati S.

    2012-01-01

    Part 2. Footnotes Table 2. Pedestrian Travel on Tours To andDistricts Table 3. Pedestrian Travel Within ShoppingFigure 2. Respondent Pedestrian Path Density in Different

  15. Administrative Directive For: Travel and Related Expenses Rates, Suppliers and Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelson, David G.

    1 Administrative Directive For: Travel and Related Expenses Rates, Suppliers and Services under Options - University travellers have the following alternate options for rental vehicle collision

  16. 2001 New York State NHTS: Travel Patterns of Special Populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [ORNL

    2010-03-01

    Policymakers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and accommodate future demands; to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-alleviating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. Longer-distance travel was collected in 1977 and 1995. The 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) collected both daily and longer-distance trips in one survey. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel was not part of the survey. New York State participated in the 2001 NHTS by procuring additional 12,000 sample households. These additional sample households allowed New York State to address transportation planning issues pertinent to geographic areas that are significantly smaller than what the national NHTS data allowed. The final sample size for New York State was 13,423 usable households. In this report, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identifies and analyzes differences, if any, in travel patterns that are attributable to demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, race and ethnicity), household characteristics (e.g., low income households, zero and one car households), modal characteristics and geographic location. Travel patterns of those who work at home are examined and compared to those of conventional workers, as well as those who do not work. Focus is given to trip frequency, travel by time of day, trip purpose, and mode choice. For example, included in this analysis is the mobility of the elderly population in New York State. The American society is undergoing a major demographic transformation that is resulting in a greater percentage of older individuals in the population. In addition to demographic changes, recent travel surveys show that an increasing number of older individuals are licensed to drive and that they drive more than their same age cohort did a decade ago. Cohort differences in driving are particularly apparent - not only are more of today's elderly population licensed to drive than their age cohort two decades ago, they also drive more. Equally important are the increase in immigration and in racial and cultural diversity. This report also discusses vehicle availability, socioeconomic characteristics, travel trends (e.g., miles travelled, distance driven, commute patterns), and the transportation accessibility of these populations. Specifically, this report addresses in detail the travel behavior of the following special populations: (1) the elderly, defined as those who were 65 years old or older, (2) low-income households, (3) ethnic groups and immigrants, and (4) those who worked at home.

  17. Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2011 Average Truck Speeds The Federal Highway Administration studies traffic volume and flow on major truck routes by tracking more than 500,000 trucks. The average speed of trucks...

  18. Fact #889: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than Gasoline for the First Time in Six Years Fact 889: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than Gasoline for the First...

  19. Fact #614: March 15, 2010 Average Age of Household Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average age of household vehicles has increased from 6.6 years in 1977 to 9.2 years in 2009. Pickup trucks have the oldest average age in every year listed. Sport utility vehicles (SUVs), first...

  20. Averaging top quark results in Run 2 M. Strovink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strovink, Mark

    average (cont'd) The pie chart shows the relative weights of the five input measurements in the world

  1. UW TravelWIse: New travel portal launched on Aug. 1 Effective Aug. 1, 2013 all UW employees have access to a new portal for all their UW business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    UW TravelWIse: New travel portal launched on Aug. 1 Effective Aug. 1, 2013 all UW employees have access to a new portal for all their UW business travel needs. The portal, called UW TravelWIse, provides both convenience and consistency for all involved in business travel. Using the travel portal, UW

  2. Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging: the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging: the case of the North. (2015) Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging: the case of the North;Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging:1 the case of the North Atlantic jet

  3. Engineering Grads Earn The Most Major Average Salary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Engineering Grads Earn The Most Table Major Average Salary Offer Petroleum Engineering $86/Aeronautical/Astronautical Engineering $57,231 Information Sciences & Systems $54,038 Source: Winter 2010 Salary Survey, National was the fourth most lucrative degree, with graduates starting at $61,205 on average. The average salary

  4. U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-09-04

    To supplement information contained in the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) by providing further clarification and establishing Department of Energy (DOE) policy on matters that the FTR left to Agency discretion. Canceled by DOE M 552.1-1A.

  5. U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-17

    The Manual supplements information in the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) by providing further clarification and establishing Department of Energy (DOE) policy on matters that the FTR left to Agency discretion. Supersedes DOE M 552.1-1.

  6. Defining business strategy for development of travel and tourism industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davari, Dordaneh

    2011-01-01

    Many studies conducted on Travel and Tourism industry consider tourism an economic phenomenon. Providing a customer-satisfaction-based analysis, this thesis deals with both economic and social aspects. Economic data on ...

  7. Developing an alternative model for travel decision-making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Kam

    2009-05-15

    This study proposes an alternative travel decision making model and situates its arguments in the Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) theoretical construct. The MOA model suggests that motivation, opportunity, and ability ...

  8. Understanding transit travel behavior : value added by smart cards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Saumya, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    Travel behavior represents a particularly complex area of research in transportation given the interaction between transport supply characteristics and the user perceptions which guide his/her decisions. Thanks to the ...

  9. Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction Apr 02 2014 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM George List, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, and Richard Margiotta, Cambridge...

  10. THE GREATER TORONTO AREA TRAVEL DEMAND MODELLING SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    by the then Metropolitan Toronto Planning Department and the Ministry of Transportation, Ontario. Support and advice Post-Run Report 32 4.5 Base 1996 Files for Use in Post-Run Utilities 33 #12;GTA Travel Demand Modelling

  11. Photonic-Band-Gap Traveling-Wave Gyrotron Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanni, Emilio Alessandro

    We report the experimental demonstration of a gyrotron traveling-wave-tube amplifier at 250 GHz that uses a photonic band gap (PBG) interaction circuit. The gyrotron amplifier achieved a peak small signal gain of 38 dB and ...

  12. Mission Travelers: Relationship-building and Crosscultural Adaptation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yoon Jung

    2012-10-19

    . Considering the concept of the cultural distance between the participant's home culture and the host culture, American and Korean STM travelers who visited Cambodia or Thailand were recruited. Also, to understand the process of participant's relationship...

  13. ORISE: CDC Travelers' Health Team Receives Innovation Award for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CDC Travelers' Health Team Receives Innovation Award for Website Redesign ORISE serves as lead redesign contractor on award-winning website redesign for the CDC How ORISE is Making...

  14. Student and Volunteer Travel to Countries under US State Department Travel Warnings ASSUMPTION OF RISK AND RELEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    at http://ua-risk.terradotta.com/ and the US State Department's Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP conditions; different standards of design, safety, and maintenance of buildings, public places

  15. Extension of a Negative Binomial GARCH Model: Analyzing the Effects of Gasoline Price and VMT on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourahmadi, Mohsen

    Extension of a Negative Binomial GARCH Model: Analyzing the Effects of Gasoline Price and VMT. In addition, the relationship between monthly vehicle miles travelled (VMT) and gasoline prices in Texas was also examined. Ultimately, it is concluded that gasoline prices had no significant effect on DUI fatal

  16. Transit-Based Smart Parking in the U.S.: Behavioral Analysis of San Francisco Bay Area Field Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodier, Caroline J.; Shaheen, Susan

    2006-01-01

    smart parking at Rockridge BART station from another station closer to or farther from home (smart parking instead of driving to a BART station that was closer to or farther from their home.home and work zip codes. TABLE 7 Change in Vehicle Miles Traveled with Smart

  17. Going Nowhere: The Dimensions of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ 90% Total trade - 72% Vehicle miles traveled - 58% Congestion cost (just top 50!) ­ 81% Amtrak per capita. · 52 million people live in these places · U.S. inter-metro passenger rail is not world cents more on transport · Once a commute has surpassed 12-15 miles, the increase in transport costs

  18. 2014 Gaurav Lahoti PRIVACY-PRESERVING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this concern. This ap- proach calculates tax by monitoring vehicle road usage through GPS and odometer data© 2014 Gaurav Lahoti #12;PRIVACY-PRESERVING VEHICLE MILES TRAVELED (PPVMT) TAX BY GAURAV LAHOTI, Illinois Adviser: Professor Carl A. Gunter #12;Abstract Motor fuel taxes form a great part of the total

  19. For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mile charge directly relates to road usage as opposed to the fuel tax, which is based on fuel of fuel taxes paid by a driver is dependent on the fuel efficiency of their vehicle and vehicle miles to continue improving, meaning that drivers in the future will pay less and less in fuel taxes for travel. VM

  20. An improved methodology for multi-criteria assessment of highway sustainability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramani, Tara Lakshmi

    2009-05-15

    Occupancy Vehicle ITS- Intelligent Transportation Systems MAUT- Multi-Attribute Utility Theory MCDM- Multi-Criteria Decision Making MEV- Million Entering Vehicles MPO- Metropolitan Planning Organization MVMT- Million Vehicle Miles of Travel NAAQS... Role of Performance Measurement in Evaluating Sustainable Transportation ......................... 8 Aligning Performance Measurement with Planning Goals ........................................................ 9 Decision Theory ? MAUT Process...

  1. Effects of Travel Reduction and Efficient Driving on Transportation: Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Numerous transportation strategies are directed at reducing energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by changing the behavior of individual drivers or travelers. These behavioral changes may have the effect of reducing travel, shifting travel to more efficient modes, or improving the efficiency of existing travel. Since the 1970s, federal, regional, state and municipal agencies have tried to reduce energy use, emissions, and congestion by influencing travel behavior. This report reviews and summarizes the literature on relationships between these strategies and transportation-related energy use and GHG emissions to examine how changes to travel behavior can reduce transportation energy use and discuss the potential for federal actions to affect travel behavior.

  2. College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award Application Please submit the following information to request a College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award. Programs may nominate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award Application Please submit the following information to request a College of Arts and Sciences Travel Award. Programs may nominate up to three students the College Graduate Office website for additional information: http

  3. Orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brizard, A. J. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont 05439 (United States); Decker, J.; Peysson, Y.; Duthoit, F.-X. [CEA, IRFM, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance F-13108 (France)

    2009-10-15

    A general orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator suitable for the numerical analysis of transport processes in axisymmetric magnetized plasmas is presented. The orbit-averaged guiding-center operator describes transport processes in a three-dimensional guiding-center invariant space: the orbit-averaged magnetic-flux invariant {psi}, the minimum-B pitch-angle coordinate {xi}{sub 0}, and the momentum magnitude p.

  4. "Table 2. Real Average Annual Coal Transportation Costs, By Primary...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Real Average Annual Coal Transportation Costs, By Primary Transport Mode and Supply Region" "(2013 dollars per ton)" "Coal Supply Region",2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 "Railroad"...

  5. LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION BARRELS) FILE UPDATED April 2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography...

  6. University Of Aberdeen Sustainable Travel Plan 2013_2017 V1 0.Docx Page 1 of 18 University of Aberdeen Sustainable Travel Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    . The development of a sustainable travel plan is a significant element in the fulfilment of our commitment to the University, and between University sites. reduce the environmental impact of travel associatedUniversity Of Aberdeen Sustainable Travel Plan 2013_2017 V1 0.Docx Page 1 of 18 University

  7. The global warming signal is the average of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    The global warming signal is the average of years 70-80 in the increasing CO2 run minus the average represent significant uncertainty in the global warming signal (Fig. 5). The differences at high latitudes, uncertainty in the isopycnal diffusivity causes uncertainty of up to 50% in the global warming signal

  8. Morgantown Slightly Exceeds National Average for Cost of Living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    (an index value of 100 reflects the national average). The index expresses the cost of living, health care, and miscellaneous goods and services. The index is designed to reflect the cost of living Relative to National Average by Category In Figure 2, we illustrate how the cost of living index has

  9. Noisy traveling waves: effect of selection on genealogies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Brunet; B. Derrida; A. H. Mueller; S. Munier

    2006-10-04

    For a family of models of evolving population under selection, which can be described by noisy traveling wave equations, the coalescence times along the genealogical tree scale like $\\log^\\alpha N$, where $N$ is the size of the population, in contrast with neutral models for which they scale like $N$. An argument relating this time scale to the diffusion constant of the noisy traveling wave leads to a prediction for $\\alpha$ which agrees with our simulations. An exactly soluble case gives trees with statistics identical to those predicted for mean-field spin glasses in Parisi's theory.

  10. Spin oscillations of relativistic fermions in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boris V. Gisin

    2014-05-13

    The Dirac equation, in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field, has singular solutions, corresponding the expansion of energy in vicinity of some singular point. These solutions described relativistic fermions. States relating to these solutions are not stationary. The temporal change of average energy, momentum and spin for single and mixed states is studied in the paper. A distinctive feature of the states is the disappearance of the longitudinal component of the average spin. Another feature is the equivalence of the condition of fermion minimal energy and the classical condition of the magnetic resonance. Finding such solutions assumes the use of a transformation for rotating and co-moving frames of references. Comparison studies of solutions obtained with the Galilean and non-Galilean transformation shown that some parameters of the non-Galilean transformation may be measured in high-energy physics.

  11. Apparatus and method for measuring and imaging traveling waves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Telschow, Kenneth L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Deason, Vance A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus is provided for imaging traveling waves in a medium. The apparatus includes a vibration excitation source configured to impart traveling waves within a medium. An emitter is configured to produce two or more wavefronts, at least one wavefront modulated by a vibrating medium. A modulator is configured to modulate another wavefront in synchronization with the vibrating medium. A sensing media is configured to receive in combination the modulated one wavefront and the another wavefront and having a detection resolution within a limited bandwidth. The another wavefront is modulated at a frequency such that a difference frequency between the one wavefront and the another wavefront is within a response range of the sensing media. Such modulation produces an image of the vibrating medium having an output intensity that is substantially linear with small physical variations within the vibrating medium for all vibration frequencies above the sensing media's response bandwidth. A detector is configured to detect an image of traveling waves in the vibrating medium resulting from interference between the modulated one wavefront and the another wavefront when combined in association with the sensing media. The traveling wave can be used to characterize certain material properties of the medium. Furthermore, a method is provided for imaging and characterizing material properties according to the apparatus.

  12. Interpolation of raytheory travel times within ray cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Interpolation of ray­theory travel times within ray cells Petr Bulant & LudŸek KlimeŸs Department techniques. Several methods based on de­ composition of the model volume into ray cells, and on further interpolation within individual ray cells, were introduced. In the wavefront tracing method (Vinje et al. 1996a

  13. Interpolation of raytheory travel times within ray cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Interpolation of ray­theory travel times within ray cells Petr Bulant & LudŸek KlimeŸs Department title: Interpolation within ray cells Summary 3­D ray tracing followed by interpolation of the computed on the decomposition of the model volume into ray cells, and on further interpolation within the individual ray cells

  14. 30 March 2012 Manual Process for Creating Travel Orders When

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the CBA administrator (Patricia Freeman (3211)) must be contacted to provide the CBA account number and CBA expiration date to SATO. 4) Go to SATO's web site, Virtually There, www in the Travel Module under "Other Transportation." (For CBA ticketed transportation, Ticket Amount, Number

  15. The Path Less Travelled: Overcoming Tor's Bottlenecks with Traffic Splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ian

    The Path Less Travelled: Overcoming Tor's Bottlenecks with Traffic Splitting Mashael AlSabah, Kevin of Computer Science University of Waterloo Abstract. Tor is the most popular low-latency anonymity network, Tor has a variety of performance problems that result in poor quality of service, a strong

  16. SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Travel and Business Expense Claim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruin, Nils

    hereby certify that all expenses being claimed are net of any travel rebates, and agency discounts TO BE REIMBURSED GST REBATE * GST AMOUNT TO ENTER IN x 5/105 x 5/105 x 5/105 x 5/105 GST COLUMN ON PAGE 1 Above incurred outside Canada do not qualify for rebate. - It is the responsibility of the claimant department

  17. Development of a thermoacoustic travelling-wave refrigerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    mean pressure. By that way, conduction losses on the cold heat exchanger are minimized. However to an acoustic wave. Thereby, gas particle pressure and velocity oscillate around a mean value. According of a travelling-wave, acoustic pressure and velocity are in phase inducing a Stirling type cycle. Over an acoustic

  18. Approximation Algorithms for Multi-criteria Traveling Salesman Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    +3-42 +, respectively. Moreover, we design ran- domized approximation algorithms for multi-criteria () -ATSP (ratio 1 2. Therefore, we design randomized approximation schemes for multi-criteria cycle cover problems by showingApproximation Algorithms for Multi-criteria Traveling Salesman Problems Bodo Manthey1 and L

  19. Advanced Plug-in Electric Vehicle Travel and Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Advanced Plug-in Electric Vehicle Travel and Charging Behavior UC Davis Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Research Center Michael Nicholas Thomas Turrentine Gil Tal #12;Project Overview · Provide most in-depth study of PEV usage and charging dynamics. Inform policy on battery size/vehicle architecture

  20. HsO Travel/Conference Fee Award Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    HsO Travel/Conference Fee Award Background: The main purpose of the Hatfield Students Organization to present their research findings at professional conferences related to their field of study. To support student participation in such conferences, HsO, has created an annual award of $250 to help finance

  1. An investigation of induced travel at mixed-use developments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperry, Benjamin Robert

    2009-05-15

    information about two trips made by the respondent, including whether the trip made at the time of the interview was induced. A trip was considered induced if the respondent would not have made the trip if it had required travel outside of Legacy Town Center...

  2. Wunderlich, Kaufman, and Smith LINK TRAVEL TIME PREDICTION FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert L.

    . In the Decentralized Dynamic architecture, link-travel times are broadcast to vehicles to provide real-time estimates Architecture does project a gradual progression over time from Autonomous to Decentralized to Centralized route route guidance develops as a viable service. Centralized architectures are projected

  3. Topological horseshoes in travelling waves of discretized nonlinear wave equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yi-Chiuan, E-mail: YCChen@math.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chen, Shyan-Shiou, E-mail: sschen@ntnu.edu.tw [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan (China); Yuan, Juan-Ming, E-mail: jmyuan@pu.edu.tw [Department of Financial and Computational Mathematics, Providence University, Shalu, Taichung 43301, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Financial and Computational Mathematics, Providence University, Shalu, Taichung 43301, Taiwan (China)

    2014-04-15

    Applying the concept of anti-integrable limit to coupled map lattices originated from space-time discretized nonlinear wave equations, we show that there exist topological horseshoes in the phase space formed by the initial states of travelling wave solutions. In particular, the coupled map lattices display spatio-temporal chaos on the horseshoes.

  4. Flow calculations for Yucca Mountain groundwater travel time (GWTT-95)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altman, S.J.; Arnold, B.W.; Barnard, R.W.; Barr, G.E.; Ho, C.K.; McKenna, S.A.; Eaton, R.R.

    1996-09-01

    In 1983, high-level radioactive waste repository performance requirements related to groundwater travel time were defined by NRC subsystem regulation 10 CFR 60.113. Although DOE is not presently attempting to demonstrate compliance with that regulation, understanding of the prevalence of fast paths in the groundwater flow system remains a critical element of any safety analyses for a potential repository system at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Therefore, this analysis was performed to allow comparison of fast-path flow against the criteria set forth in the regulation. Models developed to describe the conditions for initiation, propagation, and sustainability of rapid groundwater movement in both the unsaturated and saturated zones will form part of the technical basis for total- system analyses to assess site viability and site licensability. One of the most significant findings is that the fastest travel times in both unsaturated and saturated zones are in the southern portion of the potential repository, so it is recommended that site characterization studies concentrate on this area. Results support the assumptions regarding the importance of an appropriate conceptual model of groundwater flow and the incorporation of heterogeneous material properties into the analyses. Groundwater travel times are sensitive to variation/uncertainty in hydrologic parameters and in infiltration flux at upper boundary of the problem domain. Simulated travel times are also sensitive to poorly constrained parameters of the interaction between flow in fractures and in the matrix.

  5. the wave model A traveling wave is an organized disturbance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winokur, Michael

    1 waves the wave model A traveling wave is an organized disturbance propagating at a well-defined wave speed v. · In transverse waves the particles of the medium move perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. · In longitudinal waves the particles of the medium move parallel to the direction

  6. Infiltration in Porous Media with Dynamic Capillary Pressure: Travelling Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulshof, Joost

    Infiltration in Porous Media with Dynamic Capillary Pressure: Travelling Waves C. Cuesta # , C to gravity, results in a pseudo­parabolic Burgers type equation. We give a rigorous study of global of study in this paper. We confine ourselves to the particular case of unsaturated groundwater flow, where

  7. Continuum Cascade Model: Branching Random Walk for Traveling Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Itoh

    2015-07-15

    The food web is a directed graph in which nodes label species and directed links represent the predation between species. Cascade models generate random food webs. The recursion to obtain the probability distribution of the longest chain length has the solution with traveling wave. We consider a branching random walk to study the asymptotic probability on the wave front.

  8. How To Make a Greedy Heuristic for the Asymmetric Traveling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerold

    of cost values. We propose to use upper tolerances of an optimal solution to one of the relaxed Asymmetric (cost) of traveling from city i to city j is denoted by c(i, j). These costs are called symmetric if c, the problem of finding the most efficient drilling sequence is a TSP. More applications to Genome Sequencing

  9. Evolution equations: Frobenius integrability, conservation laws and travelling waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoff Prince; Naghmana Tehseen

    2015-06-07

    We give new results concerning the Frobenius integrability and solution of evolution equations admitting travelling wave solutions. In particular, we give a powerful result which explains the extraordinary integrability of some of these equations. We also discuss "local" conservations laws for evolution equations in general and demonstrate all the results for the Korteweg de Vries equation.

  10. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Progress, 1978-2014 The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales-weighted harmonic mean fuel economy of a manufacturer's fleet of new cars or light trucks in a certain...

  11. Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by the fleet of each manufacturer will be determined by computing the sales-weighted harmonic average of the targets applicable to each of the manufacturer's passenger cars and...

  12. On the Choice of Average Solar Zenith Angle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Timothy W.

    Idealized climate modeling studies often choose to neglect spatiotemporal variations in solar radiation, but doing so comes with an important decision about how to average solar radiation in space and time. Since both ...

  13. Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility company? I'm seeing an inconsistency between the OpenEI website and EIA 861 data set. Home > Groups > Utility...

  14. INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score .11In class clicker score .02Lecture: · Correlations with effort/curricular elements are positive but not high, indicating no individual course reform

  15. Fact #889: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Average Diesel Price Lower than Gasoline for the First Time in Six Years fotw889web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 859 February 9, 2015 Excess Supply is the Most Recent...

  16. Bounded Parameter Markov Decision Processes with Average Reward Criterion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tewari, Ambuj

    Bounded Parameter Markov Decision Processes with Average Reward Criterion Ambuj Tewari1 and Peter L, pp. 263­277, 2007. c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007 #12;264 A. Tewari and P.L. Bartlett

  17. Averaged null energy condition violation in a conformally flat spacetime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urban, Douglas; Olum, Ken D.

    2010-01-15

    We show that the averaged null energy condition can be violated by a conformally coupled scalar field in a conformally flat spacetime in 3+1 dimensions. The violation is dependent on the quantum state and can be made as large as desired. It does not arise from the presence of anomalies, although anomalous violations are also possible. Since all geodesics in conformally flat spacetimes are achronal, the achronal averaged null energy condition is likewise violated.

  18. Flavor Physics Data from the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) was established at the May 2002 Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference in Philadelphia, and continues the LEP Heavy Flavor Steering Group's tradition of providing regular updates to the world averages of heavy flavor quantities. Data are provided by six subgroups that each focus on a different set of heavy flavor measurements: B lifetimes and oscillation parameters, Semi-leptonic B decays, Rare B decays, Unitarity triangle parameters, B decays to charm final states, and Charm Physics.

  19. Fact #842: October 13, 2014 Vehicles and Vehicle Travel Trends have Changed Since 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As the U.S. population has doubled from 1950 to 2012, the number of vehicles has grown nearly 6-fold and vehicle travel even more than that. The number of vehicles and vehicle travel peaked in 2007...

  20. Driving and passengering: notes on the ordinary organisation of car travel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Lorimer, Hayden; Brown, Barry; Jones, Owain; Juhlin, Oskar; Noble, Allyson; Perry, Mark; Pica, Daniele; Sormani, Philippe; Strebel, Ignaz; Swan, Laurel; Taylor, Alex S; Watts, Laura; Weilenmann, Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    We spend ever increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series ...

  1. Fact #729: May 28, 2012 Secondary Household Vehicles Travel Fewer Miles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When a household has more than one vehicle, the secondary vehicles travel fewer miles than the primary vehicle. In a two-vehicle household, the second vehicle travels less than half of the miles...

  2. How Do You Go Green When You Travel? | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    be green. Choices such as less frequent linen service are opportunities to save water and energy while traveling. How do you go green when you travel? E-mail your responses to the...

  3. Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to Bay Area to Highlight...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to Bay Area to Highlight State of the Union Address, Commitment to Clean Energy Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to Bay Area to Highlight...

  4. Student Travel to Pan-Am Congress of Plants & Biofuels in Merida...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Student Travel to Pan-Am Congress of Plants & Biofuels in Merida, Mexico Re-direct Destination: Department of Energy - Final Technical Report Grant Title: Student Travel to Pan-Am...

  5. Georgia Institute of Technology School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Johnson Graduate Student Travel Funds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Georgia Institute of Technology School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Johnson Graduate Student Travel funds may be used to meet any remaining costs not covered by the research advisor, SGA award_____________________________________________________ Total estimated costs for attending conference Transportation $_______________ Other Travel

  6. TRAVELING-WAVE TUBE AMPLIFIER CHARACTERISTICS STUDY FOR STOCHASTIC BEAM COOLING EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leskovar, B.

    2010-01-01

    Power Gallium-Arsenide Field- Effect Transistors and Helix Traveling-Wave Tubes (TWT) were considered as potential

  7. A review of "Literature and Domestic Travel in Early Modern England" by Andrew McRae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aune, M. G.

    2012-01-01

    Rae. Literature and Domestic Travel in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. xi + 247 pp. + 9 illus. $90.00. Review by ?.?. ????, ?? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????. ?e work of Andrew McRae, professor of English... latest work, adding travel narratives, maps, and travel guides. McRae uses mobility as his access point into domestic travel, writing in the introduction that ?mobility lent shape to some of the de?nitive transformations of the era: from the shift...

  8. PPrreesseenntteedd bbyy tthhee FFAAUU TTrraavveell OOffffiiccee Year End Processing in Banner Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Travel: Between July 1, 2011 and until August 1, 2011, both the 2011 fiscal year and the 2012 fiscal year Travel Authorizations for Travel (TA forms), a delegate can control which fiscal year is affected by setting the report date given in the general information section, as seen here: If the report date is set

  9. TAKE-HOME EXP. # 7a Light Imagined as Traveling in Straight Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickett, Galen T.

    TAKE-HOME EXP. # 7a Light Imagined as Traveling in Straight Lines: Sun Images in the Shade of a Tree. Our ordinary senses imply that light travels in a straight line. In fact, Isaac Newton was so convinced of light's straight-line travel that he proposed a particle model for light, saying: "Are

  10. Reconciling Pcard Travel Justin Walters 277-0057 jwalters@unm.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    -2019 wirthl@unm.edu #12;Overview o All prepaid travel purchases must be reconciled to a DPEZ. o Be sure all travel documents are submitted together on one DPEZ. (Prepaid, out-of-pocket, meal per diem, etc.) o Workflow o Developed to assist in reconciling prepaid travel purchases made with a Pcard. o $0 DPEZ's o

  11. OP 79.05: International Travel DATE: Tracked1/17/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    of international travel to countries outside the United States. REVIEW: This OP will be reviewed in November of odd that is subject to a travel advisory issued by the United States Department of State. OIA will determine.024, Texas Government Code (Vernon's Civil Statutes Supplement, 2002), all international travel by state

  12. Travel{time calculation in heterogeneous 3-D structures * Lud ek Klime s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Travel{time calculation in heterogeneous 3-D structures * Lud#20;ek Klime#20;s Department-mail: psencik@earn.cvut.cz Summary The selection of the numerical method to calculate travel times depends on the nature of the travel times, on the complexity and computer representation of the seismic model

  13. Numerical studies of current generation by radio-frequency traveling waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karney, Charles

    Numerical studies of current generation by radio-frequency traveling waves Charles F. F. Karney January 1979; final manuscript received 7 May 1979) By injecting radio-frequency traveling waves of the fusion power output. Recently,' the damping of high-phase-velocity radio- frequency traveling waves has

  14. PLANNING-LEVEL METHODOLOGY FOR EVALUATING TRAVELER INFORMATION PROVISION STRATEGIES UNDER STOCHASTIC CAPACITY CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xuesong

    Research and Education (ITRE) Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering North and varying degrees of traveler knowledge in an advanced traveler information provision environment to a simple corridor and medium-scale networks to illustrate the effectiveness of traveler information under

  15. The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO TRAVEL POLICY SUPPLEMENT AS RELATED TO RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO TRAVEL POLICY SUPPLEMENT AS RELATED TO RESEARCH The purpose. Page 1 of 6 The University of Western Ontario Travel and Expense Reimbursement Policy 2.16 Tri-Council #12;The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO TRAVEL POLICY SUPPLEMENT AS RELATED TO RESEARCH The purpose

  16. New Travel and Expense Management Tool: Chrome River coming July 1, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    expense reports, run inquiry reports and submit Small Business Expense reimbursements. Chrome River hasNew Travel and Expense Management Tool: Chrome River coming July 1, 2015 Do you travel on behalf you have a non-ODU employee that needs to be reimbursed for travel? Then Chrome River is for you

  17. Observational evidence for travelling wave modes bearing distance proportional shifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruprasad, V

    2015-01-01

    Discrepancies of range between the Space Surveillance Network radars and the Deep Space Network in tracking the 1998 earth flyby of NEAR, and between ESA's Doppler and range data in Rosetta's 2009 flyby, reveal a consistent excess delay, or lag, equal to instantaneous one-way travel time in the telemetry signals. These lags readily explain all details of the flyby anomaly, and are shown to be symptoms of chirp d'Alembertian travelling wave solutions, relating to traditional sinusoidal waves by a rotation of the spectral decomposition due to the clock acceleration caused by the Doppler rates during the flybys. The lags thus relate to special relativity, but yield distance proportional shifts like those of cosmology at short range.

  18. Time travel, Clock Puzzles and Their Experimental Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignazio Ciufolini

    2013-06-07

    Is time travel possible? What is Einstein's theory of relativity mathematically predicting in that regard? Is time travel related to the so-called clock 'paradoxes' of relativity and if so how? Is there any accurate experimental evidence of the phenomena regarding the different flow of time predicted by General Relativity and is there any possible application of the temporal phenomena predicted by relativity to our everyday life? Which temporal phenomena are predicted in the vicinities of a rotating body and of a mass-energy current, and do we have any experimental test of the occurrence of these phenomena near a rotating body? In this paper, we address and answer some of these questions.

  19. Observational evidence for travelling wave modes bearing distance proportional shifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Guruprasad

    2015-07-18

    Discrepancies of range between the Space Surveillance Network radars and the Deep Space Network in tracking the 1998 earth flyby of NEAR, and between ESA's Doppler and range data in Rosetta's 2009 flyby, reveal a consistent excess delay, or lag, equal to instantaneous one-way travel time in the telemetry signals. These lags readily explain all details of the flyby anomaly, and are shown to be symptoms of chirp d'Alembertian travelling wave solutions, relating to traditional sinusoidal waves by a rotation of the spectral decomposition due to the clock acceleration caused by the Doppler rates during the flybys. The lags thus relate to special relativity, but yield distance proportional shifts like those of cosmology at short range.

  20. High average power scaleable thin-disk laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Honea, Eric C. (Sunol, CA); Bibeau, Camille (Dublin, CA); Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Powell, Howard (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)

    2002-01-01

    Using a thin disk laser gain element with an undoped cap layer enables the scaling of lasers to extremely high average output power values. Ordinarily, the power scaling of such thin disk lasers is limited by the deleterious effects of amplified spontaneous emission. By using an undoped cap layer diffusion bonded to the thin disk, the onset of amplified spontaneous emission does not occur as readily as if no cap layer is used, and much larger transverse thin disks can be effectively used as laser gain elements. This invention can be used as a high average power laser for material processing applications as well as for weapon and air defense applications.

  1. Mobility 2035 Metropolitan Transportation Plan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Killeen-Temple Urban Transportation Study

    2009-05-20

    braking while decelerating or traveling downhill will be captured with some conversion losses. 9 CHAPTER IV DATA GATHERING To investigate the effect of electrifying existing interstate/freeway transportation, as a start, the existing traffic... on the grid by conveying on the new guideway freight and passenger vehicles currently driven on the freeways and interstate highways. The calculation required total vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and the hourly volume pattern by each vehicle class and road...

  2. Dendritic Actin Filament Nucleation Causes Traveling Waves and Patches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders E. Carlsson

    2010-05-28

    The polymerization of actin via branching at a cell membrane containing nucleation-promoting factors is simulated using a stochastic-growth methodology. The polymerized-actin distribution displays three types of behavior: a) traveling waves, b) moving patches, and c) random fluctuations. Increasing actin concentration causes a transition from patches to waves. The waves and patches move by a treadmilling mechanism which does not require myosin II. The effects of downregulation of key proteins on actin wave behavior are evaluated.

  3. Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153Danielthrough theK APolicyonStatesinJapan |Travel to

  4. GPS Travel Survey Data Collection and Analysis | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive Compensation References: FARWashers | DepartmentGNEPGPS Travel

  5. Secretary Bodman Travels to the Middle East | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArab EmiratesandofTravels to

  6. NEUP Foreign Travel Request Form | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -Department of EnergyNEW1 NEPAOctober 29,ExcellenceForeign Travel

  7. UC San Diego Student Certification for Business-Related Travel Please complete this form and attach it to the MyTravel trip for any student travel reimbursement that is certified to be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UC San Diego Student Certification for Business-Related Travel Please complete this form and attach. This certification must be completed by the student and certified by a UC San Diego faculty member, a Principal Investigator (PI), or administrator. Reimbursement for UC San Diego Business-Related Travel To be completed

  8. Molten metal feed system controlled with a traveling magnetic field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

    1991-01-01

    A continuous metal casting system in which the feed of molten metal is controlled by means of a linear induction motor capable of producing a magnetic traveling wave in a duct that connects a reservoir of molten metal to a caster. The linear induction motor produces a traveling magnetic wave in the duct in opposition to the pressure exerted by the head of molten metal in the reservoir so that p.sub.c =p.sub.g -p.sub.m where p.sub.c is the desired pressure in the caster, p.sub.g is the gravitational pressure in the duct exerted by the force of the head of molten metal in the reservoir, and p.sub.m is the electromagnetic pressure exerted by the force of the magnetic field traveling wave produced by the linear induction motor. The invention also includes feedback loops to the linear induction motor to control the casting pressure in response to measured characteristics of the metal being cast.

  9. The High Average Power Laser Program 15th HAPL meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2006 #12;2 The HAPL team is developing the science, technology and architecture needed for a laser1 The High Average Power Laser Program 15th HAPL meeting Aug 8 & 9, 2006 General Atomics Scientific Inst 16. Optiswitch Technology 17. ESLI Electricity Generator Electricity Generator Reaction

  10. FOCI RESEARCH BENEFITS FISHERIES MANAGEMENT 1993 Recruitment Forecast -Average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) advises the North Pacific Fisheries Management Council using a "stock data but addresses the autocorrelation of recruitment. In addition, it directly predicts recruitment to average 1991 year class, and a strong 1992 year class. In 1993 the transfer function model predicted

  11. Parity-violating anomalies and the stationarity of stochastic averages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reuter, M.

    1988-01-15

    Within the framework of stochastic quantization the parity-violating anomalies in odd space-time dimensions are derived from the asymptotic stationarity of the stochastic average of a certain fermion bilinear. Contrary to earlier attempts, this method yields the correct anomalies for both massive and massless fermions.

  12. Probabilistic Wind Vector Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raftery, Adrian

    Probabilistic Wind Vector Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging J. MCLEAN 2011, in final form 26 May 2012) ABSTRACT Probabilistic forecasts of wind vectors are becoming critical with univariate quantities, statistical approaches to wind vector forecasting must be based on bivariate

  13. Probabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raftery, Adrian

    Probabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging J. Mc in the context of wind power, where under- forecasting and overforecasting carry different financial penal- ties, calibrated and sharp probabilistic forecasts can help to make wind power a more financially competitive alter

  14. Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    information below. Supporting Information Average Vehicle Footprint, 2008-2010 Model Year Car Light Truck All Light Vehicles 2008 45.4 53.0 49.0 2009 45.2 52.7 48.2 2010 45.2 54.0...

  15. Prediction in moving average processes Anton Schick and Wolfgang Wefelmeyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wefelmeyer, Wolfgang

    Prediction in moving average processes Anton Schick and Wolfgang Wefelmeyer Abstract(y + (x1, . . . , xr)) dF(y) The research of A. Schick was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS0405791. 1 #12;2 ANTON SCHICK AND WOLFGANG WEFELMEYER can be estimated at the "parametric" root-n rate

  16. Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Richard M.

    Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications Eric M. Wolff Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125 Email: ewolff@caltech.edu Ufuk Topcu Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125

  17. Travel determinants and multi-scale transferability of national activity patterns to local populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henson, Kriste M; Gou; ias, Konstadinos G

    2010-11-30

    The ability to transfer national travel patterns to a local population is of interest when attempting to model megaregions or areas that exceed metropolitan planning organization (MPO) boundaries. At the core of this research are questions about the connection between travel behavior and land use, urban form, and accessibility. As a part of this process, a group of land use variables have been identified to define activity and travel patterns for individuals and households. The 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) participants are divided into categories comprised of a set of latent cluster models representing persons, travel, and land use. These are compared to two sets of cluster models constructed for two local travel surveys. Comparison of means statistical tests are used to assess differences among sociodemographic groups residing in localities with similar land uses. The results show that the NHTS and the local surveys share mean population activity and travel characteristics. However, these similarities mask behavioral heterogeneity that are shown when distributions of activity and travel behavior are examined. Therefore, data from a national household travel survey cannot be used to model local population travel characteristics if the goal to model the actual distributions and not mean travel behavior characteristics.

  18. An Analysis of Air Passenger Average Trip Lengths and Fare Levels in US Domestic Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Sheng-Chen Alex

    2000-01-01

    California at Berkeley An Analysis of Air Passenger AverageCalifornia at Berkeley An Analysis of Air Passenger Average

  19. INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS When traveling abroad, faculty, staff and students at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln should be familiar with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    1 INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS When traveling abroad, faculty, staff and students at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln should be familiar with the impact of export control/or invoke prison sentences for individuals violating the export control and embargo laws. These fines

  20. Anomalous transport and observable average in the standard map

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lydia Bouchara; Ouerdia Ourrad; Sandro Vaienti; Xavier Leoncini

    2015-09-02

    The distribution of finite time observable averages and transport in low dimensional Hamiltonian systems is studied. Finite time observable average distributions are computed, from which an exponent $\\alpha$ characteristic of how the maximum of the distributions scales with time is extracted. To link this exponent to transport properties, the characteristic exponent $\\mu(q)$ of the time evolution of the different moments of order $q$ related to transport are computed. As a testbed for our study the standard map is used. The stochasticity parameter $K$ is chosen so that either phase space is mixed with a chaotic sea and islands of stability or with only a chaotic sea. Our observations lead to a proposition of a law relating the slope in $q=0$ of the function $\\mu(q)$ with the exponent $\\alpha$.

  1. A New World Average Value for the Neutron Lifetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. P. Serebrov; A. K. Fomin

    2010-05-27

    The analysis of the data on measurements of the neutron lifetime is presented. A new most accurate result of the measurement of neutron lifetime [Phys. Lett. B 605 (2005) 72] 878.5 +/- 0.8 s differs from the world average value [Phys. Lett. B 667 (2008) 1] 885.7 +/- 0.8 s by 6.5 standard deviations. In this connection the analysis and Monte Carlo simulation of experiments [Phys. Lett. B 483 (2000) 15] and [Phys. Rev. Lett. 63 (1989) 593] is carried out. Systematic errors of about -6 s are found in each of the experiments. The summary table for the neutron lifetime measurements after corrections and additions is given. A new world average value for the neutron lifetime 879.9 +/- 0.9 s is presented.

  2. Modeling an Application's Theoretical Minimum and Average Transactional Response Times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paiz, Mary Rose

    2015-04-01

    The theoretical minimum transactional response time of an application serves as a ba- sis for the expected response time. The lower threshold for the minimum response time represents the minimum amount of time that the application should take to complete a transaction. Knowing the lower threshold is beneficial in detecting anomalies that are re- sults of unsuccessful transactions. On the converse, when an application's response time falls above an upper threshold, there is likely an anomaly in the application that is causing unusual performance issues in the transaction. This report explains how the non-stationary Generalized Extreme Value distribution is used to estimate the lower threshold of an ap- plication's daily minimum transactional response time. It also explains how the seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average time series model is used to estimate the upper threshold for an application's average transactional response time.

  3. Average Interpolating Wavelets on Point Clouds and Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rustamov, Raif M

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a new wavelet transform suitable for analyzing functions on point clouds and graphs. Our construction is based on a generalization of the average interpolating refinement scheme of Donoho. The most important ingredient of the original scheme that needs to be altered is the choice of the interpolant. Here, we define the interpolant as the minimizer of a smoothness functional, namely a generalization of the Laplacian energy, subject to the averaging constraints. In the continuous setting, we derive a formula for the optimal solution in terms of the poly-harmonic Green's function. The form of this solution is used to motivate our construction in the setting of graphs and point clouds. We highlight the empirical convergence of our refinement scheme and the potential applications of the resulting wavelet transform through experiments on a number of data stets.

  4. Average dynamics of a finite set of coupled phase oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dima, Germán C. Mindlin, Gabriel B.

    2014-06-15

    We study the solutions of a dynamical system describing the average activity of an infinitely large set of driven coupled excitable units. We compared their topological organization with that reconstructed from the numerical integration of finite sets. In this way, we present a strategy to establish the pertinence of approximating the dynamics of finite sets of coupled nonlinear units by the dynamics of its infinitely large surrogate.

  5. Averaging cross section data so we can fit it

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D.

    2014-10-23

    The 56Fe cross section we are interested in have a lot of fluctuations. We would like to fit the average of the cross section with cross sections calculated within EMPIRE. EMPIRE is a Hauser-Feshbach theory based nuclear reaction code, requires cross sections to be smoothed using a Lorentzian profile. The plan is to fit EMPIRE to these cross sections in the fast region (say above 500 keV).

  6. Averaged equilibrium and stability in low-aspect-ratio stellarators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, L.; Carreras, B.A.; Dominguez, N.

    1989-01-01

    The MHD equilibrium and stability calculations or stellarators are complex because of the intrinsic three-dimensional (3-D) character of these configurations. The stellarators expansion simplifies the equilibrium calculation by reducing it to a two-dimensional (2-D) problem. The classical stellarator expansion includes terms up to order epsilon/sup 2/, and the vacuum magnetic field is also included up to this order. For large-aspect-ratio configurations, the results of the stellarator expansion agree well with 3-D numerical equilibrium results. But for low-aspect-ratio configurations, these are significant discrepancies with 3-D equilibrium calculations. The main reason for these discrepancies is the approximation in the vacuum field contributions. This problem can be avoided by applying the average method in a vacuum flux coordinate system. In this way, the exact vacuum magnetic field contribution is included and the results agree well with 3-D equilibrium calculations even for low-aspect-ratio configurations. Using the average method in a vacuum flux coordinate system also permit the accurate calculation of local stability properties with the Mercier criterion. The main improvement is in the accurate calculation of the geodesic curvature term. In this paper, we discuss the application of the average method in flux coordinates to the calculation of the Mercier criterion for low-aspect-ratio stellarator configurations. 12 refs., 3 figs.

  7. Travelers Rest, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)OpenEnergyTrail Canyonsource HistoryFuelTravale 3Travelers Rest,

  8. Complex groundwater flow systems as traveling agent models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López-Corona, Oliver; Escolero, Oscar; González, Tomás; Morales-Casique, Eric

    2014-01-01

    Analyzing field data from pumping tests, we show that as with many other natural phenomena, groundwater flow exhibits a complex dynamics described by 1/f power spectrum. This result is theoretically studied within an agent perspective. Using a traveling agent model, we prove that this statistical behavior emerges when the medium is complex. Some heuristic reasoning is provided to justify both spatial and dynamic complexity, as the result of the superposition of an infinite number of stochastic processes. Even more, we show that this implies that non-Kolmogorovian probability is needed for its study, and provide a set of new partial differential equations for groundwater flow.

  9. Travel & Hotels | Center for Energy Efficient Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranic Waste Retrieval andTravel &

  10. ORISE: Travelers' Health Campaign | How ORISE is Making a Difference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEY UNIVERSEHow ORISE is MakingScienceOak RidgeTrainingTravelers'

  11. Quality analysis of the solution produced by dissection algorithms applied to the traveling salesman problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cesari, G.

    1994-12-31

    The aim of this paper is to analyze experimentally the quality of the solution obtained with dissection algorithms applied to the geometric Traveling Salesman Problem. Starting from Karp`s results. We apply a divide and conquer strategy, first dividing the plane into subregions where we calculate optimal subtours and then merging these subtours to obtain the final tour. The analysis is restricted to problem instances where points are uniformly distributed in the unit square. For relatively small sets of cities we analyze the quality of the solution by calculating the length of the optimal tour and by comparing it with our approximate solution. When the problem instance is too large we perform an asymptotical analysis estimating the length of the optimal tour. We apply the same dissection strategy also to classical heuristics by calculating approximate subtours and by comparing the results with the average quality of the heuristic. Our main result is the estimate of the rate of convergence of the approximate solution to the optimal solution as a function of the number of dissection steps, of the criterion used for the plane division and of the quality of the subtours. We have implemented our programs on MUSIC (MUlti Signal processor system with Intelligent Communication), a Single-Program-Multiple-Data parallel computer with distributed memory developed at the ETH Zurich.

  12. Dual variational principles for nonlinear traveling waves in multifluid plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, G. M.; McKenzie, J. F.; Mace, R. L.; Ko, C. M.; Zank, G. P.

    2007-08-15

    A Hamiltonian description of nonlinear, obliquely propagating traveling waves in a charge neutral, electron-proton, multifluid plasma is developed. The governing equations are written as a dual spatial Hamiltonian system. In the first formulation, the Hamiltonian is identified with the longitudinal, x-momentum flux integral P{sub x}=const, in which the energy integral {epsilon}={epsilon}{sub 0} acts as a constraint, and the Hamiltonian evolution operator is d/dx, where x is the position coordinate in the wave frame. In the second Hamiltonian formulation, the Hamiltonian is proportional to the conserved energy integral {epsilon}, in which the momentum integral P{sub x}=const acts as a constraint, and the Hamiltonian evolution operator d/d{tau}=u{sub x}d/dx is the Lagrangian time derivative where u{sub x} is the x component of the electron and proton fluids. The analysis is facilitated by using the de Hoffman-Teller frame of magnetohydrodynamic shock theory to simplify the transverse electron and proton momentum equations. The system is exactly integrable in cases in which the total transverse momentum fluxes of the system are zero in the de Hoffman-Teller frame. The implications of this constraint for the Alfven Mach number of the traveling wave are discussed. The physical conditions for the formation of whistler oscillitons based on the whistler dispersion equation are discussed.

  13. The effect of rainfall on freeway travel speeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holdener, Douglas Joseph

    1997-01-01

    Studies on the effect of rainfall on freeway capacity found that capacity during wet conditions was 8 percent to 24 percent lower than average capacity during dry conditions. Based on these findings, Greenshield's speed-flow model was calibrated...

  14. Secretary Bodman to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    January 14, 2008 and travel to Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Egypt. "To increase global energy security, producing and consuming nations alike must make...

  15. Feasibility of the Interferometric Neighboring Fracture Method and Improved Relative Travel Time Measurement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shtaygrud, Ilaan

    2014-12-16

    The recently proposed Interferometric Neighboring Fracture (INF) localization method places unique and demanding constraints on relative travel time measurement accuracy and precision, while sampling a function of relative ...

  16. Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved Issues, Policy Implications, and a Research Agenda Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  17. Evaluating the Impact of Neighborhood Trail Development on Active Travel Behavior and Overall Physical Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burbidge, Shaunna Kay

    2008-01-01

    project. Project Staff West Valley Travel Behavior Research3600 Constitution Blvd. West Valley City, UT 84119-3720 *of California- Santa Barbara, West Valley City, Salt Lake

  18. Recent Advances in Wave Travel Time Based Methodology for Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    identify wave velocity profiles of vertically propagating shear and torsional waves through the building monitoring, seismic interferometry, wave travel time 1. INTRODUCTION The ability to monitor the health

  19. Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices: Shifting Routine Automobile Travel to Walking and Bicycling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Robert James

    2011-01-01

    with Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel .14 2.3. Summaryof Bicycle Safety.130Tour Mode Share by Length of Bicycle Facilities in Shopping

  20. (Approximate) Low-Mode Averaging with a new Multigrid Eigensolver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunnar Bali; Sara Collins; Andreas Frommer; Karsten Kahl; Issaku Kanamori; Benjamin Müller; Matthias Rottmann; Jakob Simeth

    2015-09-23

    We present a multigrid based eigensolver for computing low-modes of the Hermitian Wilson Dirac operator. For the non-Hermitian case multigrid methods have already replaced conventional Krylov subspace solvers in many lattice QCD computations. Since the $\\gamma_5$-preserving aggregation based interpolation used in our multigrid method is valid for both, the Hermitian and the non-Hermitian case, inversions of very ill-conditioned shifted systems with the Hermitian operator become feasible. This enables the use of multigrid within shift-and-invert type eigensolvers. We show numerical results from our MPI-C implementation of a Rayleigh quotient iteration with multigrid. For state-of-the-art lattice sizes and moderate numbers of desired low-modes we achieve speed-ups of an order of magnitude and more over PARPACK. We show results and develop strategies how to make use of our eigensolver for calculating disconnected contributions to hadronic quantities that are noisy and still computationally challenging. Here, we explore the possible benefits, using our eigensolver for low-mode averaging and related methods with high and low accuracy eigenvectors. We develop a low-mode averaging type method using only a few of the smallest eigenvectors with low accuracy. This allows us to avoid expensive exact eigensolves, still benefitting from reduced statistical errors.

  1. Plasma dynamics and a significant error of macroscopic averaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek A. Szalek

    2005-05-22

    The methods of macroscopic averaging used to derive the macroscopic Maxwell equations from electron theory are methodologically incorrect and lead in some cases to a substantial error. For instance, these methods do not take into account the existence of a macroscopic electromagnetic field EB, HB generated by carriers of electric charge moving in a thin layer adjacent to the boundary of the physical region containing these carriers. If this boundary is impenetrable for charged particles, then in its immediate vicinity all carriers are accelerated towards the inside of the region. The existence of the privileged direction of acceleration results in the generation of the macroscopic field EB, HB. The contributions to this field from individual accelerated particles are described with a sufficient accuracy by the Lienard-Wiechert formulas. In some cases the intensity of the field EB, HB is significant not only for deuteron plasma prepared for a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction but also for electron plasma in conductors at room temperatures. The corrected procedures of macroscopic averaging will induce some changes in the present form of plasma dynamics equations. The modified equations will help to design improved systems of plasma confinement.

  2. Average vertical and zonal F region plasma drifts over Jicamarca

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fejer, B.G.; Gonzalez, S.A. (Utah State Univ., Logan (United States)); de Paula, E.R. (Inst. de Pesquisas Espaciais-INPE, Sao Paulo (Brazil) Utah State Univ., Logan (United States)); Woodman, R.F. (Inst. Geofisico del Peru, Lima (Peru))

    1991-08-01

    The seasonal averages of the equatorial F region vertical and zonal plasma drifts are determined using extensive incoherent scatter radar observations from Jicamarca during 1968-1988. The late afternoon and nighttime vertical and zonal drifts are strongly dependent on the 10.7-cm solar flux. The authors show that the evening prereversal enhancement of vertical drifts increases linearly with solar flux during equinox but tends to saturate for large fluxes during southern hemisphere winter. They examine in detail, for the first time, the seasonal variation of the zonal plasma drifts and their dependence on solar flux and magnetic activity. The seasonal effects on the zonal drifts are most pronounced in the midnight-morning sector. The nighttime eastward drifts increase with solar flux for all seasons but decrease slightly with magnetic activity. The daytime westward drifts are essentially independent of season, solar cycle, and magnetic activity.

  3. Average System Cost Methodology : Administrator's Record of Decision.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1984-06-01

    Significant features of average system cost (ASC) methodology adopted are: retention of the jurisdictional approach where retail rate orders of regulartory agencies provide primary data for computing the ASC for utilities participating in the residential exchange; inclusion of transmission costs; exclusion of construction work in progress; use of a utility's weighted cost of debt securities; exclusion of income taxes; simplification of separation procedures for subsidized generation and transmission accounts from other accounts; clarification of ASC methodology rules; more generous review timetable for individual filings; phase-in of reformed methodology; and each exchanging utility must file under the new methodology within 20 days of implementation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission of the ten major participating utilities, the revised ASC will substantially only affect three. (PSB)

  4. Linear relaxation to planar Travelling Waves in Inertial Confinement Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monsaingeon, Léonard

    2012-01-01

    We study linear stability of planar travelling waves for a scalar reaction-diffusion equation with non-linear anisotropic diffusion. The mathematical model is derived from the full thermo-hydrodynamical model describing the process of Inertial Confinement Fusion. We show that solutions of the Cauchy problem with physically relevant initial data become planar exponentially fast with rate $s(\\eps',k)>0$, where $\\eps'=\\frac{T_{min}}{T_{max}}\\ll 1$ is a small temperature ratio and $k\\gg 1$ the transversal wrinkling wavenumber of perturbations. We rigorously recover in some particular limit $(\\eps',k)\\rightarrow (0,+\\infty)$ a dispersion relation $s(\\eps',k)\\sim \\gamma_0 k^{\\alpha}$ previously computed heuristically and numerically in some physical models of Inertial Confinement Fusion.

  5. Fast Traveling-Wave Reactor of the Channel Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusov, Vitaliy D; Vashchenko, Volodymyr N; Chernezhenko, Sergei A; Kakaev, Andrei A; Pantak, Oksana I

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of this paper is to solve the technological problems of the TWR based on the technical concept described in our priority of invention reference, which makes it impossible, in particular, for the fuel claddings damaging doses of fast neutrons to excess the ~200 dpa limit. Thus the essence of the technical concept is to provide a given neutron flux at the fuel claddings by setting the appropriate speed of the fuel motion relative to the nuclear burning wave. The basic design of the fast uranium-plutonium nuclear traveling-wave reactor with a softened neutron spectrum is developed, which solves the problem of the radiation resistance of the fuel claddings material.

  6. Fast Traveling-Wave Reactor of the Channel Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitaliy D. Rusov; Victor A. Tarasov; Volodymyr N. Vashchenko; Sergei A. Chernezhenko; Andrei A. Kakaev; Oksana I. Pantak

    2015-04-06

    The main aim of this paper is to solve the technological problems of the TWR based on the technical concept described in our priority of invention reference, which makes it impossible, in particular, for the fuel claddings damaging doses of fast neutrons to excess the ~200 dpa limit. Thus the essence of the technical concept is to provide a given neutron flux at the fuel claddings by setting the appropriate speed of the fuel motion relative to the nuclear burning wave. The basic design of the fast uranium-plutonium nuclear traveling-wave reactor with a softened neutron spectrum is developed, which solves the problem of the radiation resistance of the fuel claddings material.

  7. Modified Force-Directed Scheduling for Peak and Average Power Optimization using Multiple Supply-Voltages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramanujam, J. "Ram"

    - and a is the average number of transitions per clock phase heuristic for peak and average power cycle at the gate

  8. YALE UNIVERSITY UPDATED POLICY ON TRAVEL TO EBOLA-AFFECTED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholl, Brian

    outbreak in Liberia was declared over. We are continuing to monitor information about the virus recommending that US residents avoid nonessential travel to Liberia. However, CDC recommends that US residents practice enhanced precautions when traveling to Liberia. Recognizing Yale's mission to create new

  9. Health & Safety Pre-Departure Requirements and Recommendations for Graduate Students Traveling Internationally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for a full evaluation of applicable risks. Sign and Submit a Graduate Student Travel Warning waiver on the Office of Risk Management Travel Policies page. Additional requirements exist for undergraduates Office, or risk facing detention by Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Patrol (CPB

  10. Existence of a directional Stokes drift in asymmetrical three-dimensional travelling gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iooss, Gérard

    , France Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics, Lavryentyev pr. 15, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia gerard.iooss@unice.fr, plotnikov@hydro.nsc.ru September 4, 2009 Abstract We consider periodic travelling gravity waves], travelling waves exist with an asymptyotic expansion in powers of 1, 2, for nearly all pair of angles made

  11. Rigorous Analysis of Traveling Wave Photodetectors under High-Power Illumination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aste, Andreas

    Rigorous Analysis of Traveling Wave Photodetectors under High- Power Illumination Damir Pasalic data has shown excellent agreement. I. INTRODUCTION High-power traveling-wave photodetectors (TWPDs and velocity mismatch between the optical and RF waves over the length of the TWPD. For high power handling

  12. Using Empirical Data to Find the Best Measurement for Travel Time Reliability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemazkoor, Negin

    2014-08-20

    . In this research, data from Katy Freeway, where travelers choose between tolled but reliable lanes and free but less reliable lanes, was used in an attempt to find the best measurement of reliability that could lead to the best explanation of travelers’ lane choice...

  13. Understanding and Estimating the Value Travelers Place on Their Trips on Managed Lanes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patil, Sunil N.

    2011-02-22

    by the travelers in an attempt to improve on VTTS estimation on MLs. This study used three different survey design strategies (including a D-efficient design) in an internet based survey of Katy Freeway travelers. It was found that a random attribute level...

  14. The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities H. Philip Crotwell, Thomas studies. These factors highlight the need for versatile utilities that allow the calculation of travel to implement this approach. We used Maple (Heal etal., 1996), a symbolic mathematics utility, to help convert

  15. ABE@IllinoisAgricultural and Biological Engineering Alumni Newsletter. Spring 2009 Rausch Travels to Brazil with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tonghun

    Rausch Travels to Brazil with ACES Academy for Global Engagement Kent Rausch, Ph.D. '93 AgE, an associate, an overarching theme in the College has been biofuels," said Rausch. "So our class chose to go to Brazil, since of Rausch Travels to Brazil ...Continued http://abe.illinois.edu Page 2 Mato Grosso. "Mato Grosso could

  16. Propagation in a kinetic reaction-transport equation: travelling waves and accelerating fronts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvez, Vincent

    describes particles moving according to a velocity-jump process, and proliferating thanks to a reaction termPropagation in a kinetic reaction-transport equation: travelling waves and accelerating fronts the existence and stability of travelling wave solutions of a kinetic reaction- transport equation. The model

  17. Pedestrian Travel Analysis Using Static Bluetooth Sensors Yegor Malinovskiy (Corresponding Author)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    1 Pedestrian Travel Analysis Using Static Bluetooth Sensors Yegor Malinovskiy (Corresponding Author and large scale behavior studies. An automated, cost-effective approach to acquiring pedestrian data presents an opportunity to use the same technology for pedestrian travel analysis. However, people

  18. Predicting travel costs for recreational visits at aquatic sites within the Caribbean National Forest using GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Predicting travel costs for recreational visits at aquatic sites within the Caribbean National to visit various recreation sites. Cost surface models, developed in a GIS, can estimate the amount' predictive capabilities. The GIS models were then used to estimate the travel costs associated

  19. Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

  20. Dosimetry in Mammography: Average Glandular Dose Based on Homogeneous Phantom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benevides, Luis A. [Naval Sea Systems Command,1333 Isaac Hull Avenue, Washington Navy Yard, DC 20376 (United States); Hintenlang, David E. [University of Florida, 202 Nuclear Sciences Center, P.O. Box 1183, Gainesville Florida 32611 (United States)

    2011-05-05

    The objective of this study was to demonstrate that a clinical dosimetry protocol that utilizes a dosimetric breast phantom series based on population anthropometric measurements can reliably predict the average glandular dose (AGD) imparted to the patient during a routine screening mammogram. AGD was calculated using entrance skin exposure and dose conversion factors based on fibroglandular content, compressed breast thickness, mammography unit parameters and modifying parameters for homogeneous phantom (phantom factor), compressed breast lateral dimensions (volume factor) and anatomical features (anatomical factor). The patient fibroglandular content was evaluated using a calibrated modified breast tissue equivalent homogeneous phantom series (BRTES-MOD) designed from anthropomorphic measurements of a screening mammography population and whose elemental composition was referenced to International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report 44 and 46 tissues. The patient fibroglandular content, compressed breast thickness along with unit parameters and spectrum half-value layer were used to derive the currently used dose conversion factor (DgN). The study showed that the use of a homogeneous phantom, patient compressed breast lateral dimensions and patient anatomical features can affect AGD by as much as 12%, 3% and 1%, respectively. The protocol was found to be superior to existing methodologies. The clinical dosimetry protocol developed in this study can reliably predict the AGD imparted to an individual patient during a routine screening mammogram.

  1. Long-term average performance benefits of parabolic trough improvements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gee, R.; Gaul, H.W.; Kearney, D.; Rabl, A.

    1980-03-01

    Improved parabolic trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. The difficulty of achieving these improvements varies as does their potential for increasing parabolic trough performance. The purpose of this analysis is to quantify the relative merit of various technology advancements in improving the long-term average performance of parabolic trough concentrating collectors. The performance benefits of improvements are determined as a function of operating temperature for north-south, east-west, and polar mounted parabolic troughs. The results are presented graphically to allow a quick determination of the performance merits of particular improvements. Substantial annual energy gains are shown to be attainable. Of the improvements evaluated, the development of stable back-silvered glass reflective surfaces offers the largest performance gain for operating temperatures below 150/sup 0/C. Above 150/sup 0/C, the development of trough receivers that can maintain a vacuum is the most significant potential improvement. The reduction of concentrator slope errors also has a substantial performance benefit at high operating temperatures.

  2. Ensemble bayesian model averaging using markov chain Monte Carlo sampling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vrugt, Jasper A; Diks, Cees G H; Clark, Martyn P

    2008-01-01

    Bayesian model averaging (BMA) has recently been proposed as a statistical method to calibrate forecast ensembles from numerical weather models. Successful implementation of BMA however, requires accurate estimates of the weights and variances of the individual competing models in the ensemble. In their seminal paper (Raftery etal. Mon Weather Rev 133: 1155-1174, 2(05)) has recommended the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm for BMA model training, even though global convergence of this algorithm cannot be guaranteed. In this paper, we compare the performance of the EM algorithm and the recently developed Differential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis (DREAM) Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm for estimating the BMA weights and variances. Simulation experiments using 48-hour ensemble data of surface temperature and multi-model stream-flow forecasts show that both methods produce similar results, and that their performance is unaffected by the length of the training data set. However, MCMC simulation with DREAM is capable of efficiently handling a wide variety of BMA predictive distributions, and provides useful information about the uncertainty associated with the estimated BMA weights and variances.

  3. High average power magnetic modulator for copper lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, E.G.; Ball, D.G.; Birx, D.L.; Branum, J.D.; Peluso, S.E.; Langford, M.D.; Speer, R.D.; Sullivan, J.R.; Woods, P.G.

    1991-06-14

    Magnetic compression circuits show the promise of long life for operation at high average powers and high repetition rates. When the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory needed new modulators to drive their higher power copper lasers in the Laser Demonstration Facility (LDF), existing technology using thyratron switched capacitor inversion circuits did not meet the goal for long lifetimes at the required power levels. We have demonstrated that magnetic compression circuits can achieve this goal. Improving thyratron lifetime is achieved by increasing the thyratron conduction time, thereby reducing the effect of cathode depletion. This paper describes a three stage magnetic modulator designed to provide a 60 kV pulse to a copper laser at a 4. 5 kHz repetition rate. This modulator operates at 34 kW input power and has exhibited MTBF of {approx}1000 hours when using thyratrons and even longer MTBFs with a series of stack of SCRs for the main switch. Within this paper, the electrical and mechanical designs for the magnetic compression circuits are discussed as are the important performance parameters of lifetime and jitter. Ancillary circuits such as the charge circuit and reset circuit are shown. 8 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Analysis of trip item non-response bias in the Houston-Galveston area council household travel surveys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamble, Arthur F

    1997-01-01

    Information obtained through the collection and analysis of origin-destination travel surveys is used to develop trip rate information for input to travel demand models. Three major sources of systematic error can exist relative to typical sample...

  5. Alaska North Slope Tundra Travel Model and Validation Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harry R. Bader; Jacynthe Guimond

    2006-03-01

    The Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Division of Mining, Land, and Water manages cross-country travel, typically associated with hydrocarbon exploration and development, on Alaska's arctic North Slope. This project is intended to provide natural resource managers with objective, quantitative data to assist decision making regarding opening of the tundra to cross-country travel. DNR designed standardized, controlled field trials, with baseline data, to investigate the relationships present between winter exploration vehicle treatments and the independent variables of ground hardness, snow depth, and snow slab thickness, as they relate to the dependent variables of active layer depth, soil moisture, and photosynthetically active radiation (a proxy for plant disturbance). Changes in the dependent variables were used as indicators of tundra disturbance. Two main tundra community types were studied: Coastal Plain (wet graminoid/moist sedge shrub) and Foothills (tussock). DNR constructed four models to address physical soil properties: two models for each main community type, one predicting change in depth of active layer and a second predicting change in soil moisture. DNR also investigated the limited potential management utility in using soil temperature, the amount of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) absorbed by plants, and changes in microphotography as tools for the identification of disturbance in the field. DNR operated under the assumption that changes in the abiotic factors of active layer depth and soil moisture drive alteration in tundra vegetation structure and composition. Statistically significant differences in depth of active layer, soil moisture at a 15 cm depth, soil temperature at a 15 cm depth, and the absorption of photosynthetically active radiation were found among treatment cells and among treatment types. The models were unable to thoroughly investigate the interacting role between snow depth and disturbance due to a lack of variability in snow depth cover throughout the period of field experimentation. The amount of change in disturbance indicators was greater in the tundra communities of the Foothills than in those of the Coastal Plain. However the overall level of change in both community types was less than expected. In Coastal Plain communities, ground hardness and snow slab thickness were found to play an important role in change in active layer depth and soil moisture as a result of treatment. In the Foothills communities, snow cover had the most influence on active layer depth and soil moisture as a result of treatment. Once certain minimum thresholds for ground hardness, snow slab thickness, and snow depth were attained, it appeared that little or no additive effect was realized regarding increased resistance to disturbance in the tundra communities studied. DNR used the results of this modeling project to set a standard for maximum permissible disturbance of cross-country tundra travel, with the threshold set below the widely accepted standard of Low Disturbance levels (as determined by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service). DNR followed the modeling project with a validation study, which seemed to support the field trial conclusions and indicated that the standard set for maximum permissible disturbance exhibits a conservative bias in favor of environmental protection. Finally DNR established a quick and efficient tool for visual estimations of disturbance to determine when investment in field measurements is warranted. This Visual Assessment System (VAS) seemed to support the plot disturbance measurements taking during the modeling and validation phases of this project.

  6. IcelandTravelandStudyAward The Iceland Travel and Study Award was created to reward academic achievement and to encourage and support student research about and/or research-related travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak, Derek

    IcelandTravelandStudyAward The Iceland Travel and Study Award was created to reward academic achievement and to encourage and support student research about and/or research-related travel to Iceland. There will be one award valued at $2,000 for 2014-2015. The Iceland Travel and Study Award is open to undergraduate

  7. CONTRACT TRAVEL VENDOR EXCEPTION FORM Lodging Airfare Car Rental 1. Lower Cost to the State -State agencies may use any travel services obtained at a price lower than the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    agencies may use any travel services obtained at a price lower than the contract travel services price. State agencies are encouraged to obtain lower priced travel services through the use of fourteen day or other advanced reservations programs, promotional price reductions, or any method that provides a lower

  8. Assessing the Value of Delay to Truckers and Carriers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miao, Qing

    2011-02-22

    /tractor trailer trucks, and 31 percent are light/delivery truck drivers. This number will keep increasing in the future since the number of truck drivers is below actual demand. Regardless of the type of truck services are being used, the freight delay... trucks climbed 56 percent. In 2007, the light trucks accounted for about 36% of highway vehicles miles traveled, and the commercial trucks contributed to an additional 8%. 5 Apart from the imbalance between growth rate of all road facilities...

  9. Executive Order 13514: Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance; Comprehensive Federal Fleet Management Handbook (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daley, R.; Ahdieh, N.; Bentley, J.

    2014-01-01

    A comprehensive Federal Fleet Management Handbook that builds upon the "Guidance for Federal Agencies on E.O. 13514 Section 12-Federal Fleet Management" and provides information to help fleet managers select optimal greenhouse gas and petroleum reduction strategies for each location, meeting or exceeding related fleet requirements, acquiring vehicles to support these strategies while minimizing fleet size and vehicle miles traveled, and refining strategies based on agency performance.

  10. GM Project G.6 October 2000A -1 APPENDIX A. ENDOGENOUS VARIABLE PROJECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GM Project G.6 October 2000A - 1 APPENDIX A. ENDOGENOUS VARIABLE PROJECTIONS Table A.1 categories. #12;GM Project G.6 October 2000A - 2 Table A.1.2. Projections of Vehicle Miles of Travel, Males.2% 134.3% 85+ 100.0% 103.1% 105.7% 109.2% 113.6% 118.6% 123.6% #12;GM Project G.6 Oct

  11. The Road We've Traveled: 12 Years of Undergraduate Software Engineering at the Rochester Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, James R

    The Road We've Traveled: 12 Years of Undergraduate Software Engineering at the Rochester Institute lecturer, and several adjuncts. The program's development was first described in "The Road Less Traveled the road we've traveled, changes made, and how the program changed along the way, and consider the path

  12. Request for Travel Funds for Systems Radiation Biology Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barcellos-Hoff, Mary Helen

    2014-03-22

    The 3rd International Systems Radiation Biology Workshop brought together the major European, US and Japanese research programs on radiation risk as well as selected experts representing systems biological approaches to discuss how the new methodologies could be best exploited for low dose research. A significant part of the workshop was devoted to discussions organised as breakout group sessions. To facilitate discussions number of participants was limited to 60 persons. To achieve the goals of this symposium in this international conference, support from DOE is vital. Hence, this proposal requested support in the amount of $15,000 to cover the travel expenses of international experts and radiation biology scientists from the United States. This supporting mechanism was clearly identified to the selected US participants as a conference support award from the DOE (See attached PDF). The workshop was an outstanding opportunity to strengthen interactions between leading experts in the emerging areas of radiation sciences, and will also provide opportunities for younger scientists to meet with experts and discuss their results. This workshop was designed to endorse active engagement in international collaboration. A major objective of this conference was to effectively communicate research results, in order to ensure that current thinking reflects sound science of radiation biology. Further, this international event addressed the use and success of scientific initiatives in radiation biology for policymakers, standard-setters, and the general public.

  13. Three-cell traveling wave superconducting test structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avrakhov, Pavel; Kanareykin, Alexei; /Euclid Techlabs, Solon; Kazakov, Sergey; Solyak, Nikolay; Wu, Genfa; Yakovlev, Vyacheslav P.; /Fermilab

    2011-03-01

    Use of a superconducting traveling wave accelerating (STWA) structure with a small phase advance per cell rather than a standing wave structure may provide a significant increase of the accelerating gradient in the ILC linac. For the same surface electric and magnetic fields the STWA achieves an accelerating gradient 1.2 larger than TESLA-like standing wave cavities. The STWA allows also longer acceleration cavities, reducing the number of gaps between them. However, the STWA structure requires a SC feedback waveguide to return the few hundreds of MW of circulating RF power from the structure output to the structure input. A test single-cell cavity with feedback was designed, manufactured and successfully tested demonstrating the possibility of a proper processing to achieve a high accelerating gradient. These results open way to take the next step of the TW SC cavity development: to build and test a travelingwave three-cell cavity with a feedback waveguide. The latest results of the single-cell cavity tests are discussed as well as the design of the test 3-cell TW cavity.

  14. Logit Models for Estimating Urban Area Through Travel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talbot, Eric

    2011-10-21

    because the variable of interest is a proportion, rather than a continuous number. To improve on these previous models, the research described in this document developed a system of two models. Each model was developed using logistic regression... to develop through trip tables. For predictor variables, the models use results from a very simple gravity model; the average daily traffic (ADT) at each external station as a proportion of the total ADT at all available external stations; the number...

  15. Traveling wave device for combining or splitting symmetric and asymmetric waves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Möbius, Arnold (Eggenstein, DE); Ives, Robert Lawrence (Saratoga, CA)

    2005-07-19

    A traveling wave device for the combining or splitting of symmetric and asymmetric traveling wave energy includes a feed waveguide for traveling wave energy, the feed waveguide having an input port and a launching port, a reflector for coupling wave energy between the feed waveguide and a final waveguide for the collection and transport of wave energy to or from the reflector. The power combiner has a launching port for symmetrical waves which includes a cylindrical section coaxial to the feed waveguide, and a launching port for asymmetric waves which includes a sawtooth rotated about a central axis.

  16. Average Stumpage Prices Measured in Price per Ton for Forest Products Large Pine Sawtimber Small Pine Sawtimber Hardwood Sawtimber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Average Stumpage Prices Measured in Price per Ton for Forest Products Large Pine Sawtimber Small Pine Sawtimber Hardwood Sawtimber Year Unweighte d Average Prices Weighted Average Prices Average of Unweighted and Weighted Prices Unweighted Average Prices Weighted Average Prices Average of Unweighted

  17. Average Stumpage Prices Measured in Price per Ton for Forest Products Large Pine Sawtimber Small Pine Sawtimber Hardwood Sawtimber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Average Stumpage Prices Measured in Price per Ton for Forest Products Large Pine Sawtimber Small Pine Sawtimber Hardwood Sawtimber Year Unweighted Average Prices Weighted Average Prices Average of Unweighted and Weighted Prices Unweighted Average Prices Weighted Average Prices Average of Unweighted

  18. Average Stumpage Prices Measured in Price per Ton for Forest Products Large Pine Sawtimber Small Pine Sawtimber Hardwood Sawtimber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Average Stumpage Prices Measured in Price per Ton for Forest Products Large Pine Sawtimber Small Pine Sawtimber Hardwood Sawtimber Year Unweighted Average Prices Weighted Average Prices Simple average of Unweighted and Weighted Prices Unweighted Average Prices Weighted Average Prices Simple average of Unweighted

  19. LTB universes as alternatives to dark energy: does positive averaged acceleration imply positive cosmic acceleration?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonio Enea Romano

    2007-01-27

    We show that positive averaged acceleration obtained in LTB models through spatial averaging can require integration over a region beyond the event horizon of the central observer. We provide an example of a LTB model with positive averaged acceleration in which the luminosity distance does not contain information about the entire spatially averaged region, making the averaged acceleration unobservable. Since the cosmic acceleration is obtained from fitting the observed luminosity distance to a FRW model we conclude that in general a positive averaged acceleration in LTB models does not imply a positive FRW cosmic acceleration.

  20. LTB universes as alternatives to dark energy: does positive averaged acceleration imply positive cosmic acceleration?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, A E

    2006-01-01

    We show that positive averaged acceleration obtained in LTB models through spatial averaging can require integration over a region beyond the event horizon of the central observer. We provide an example of a LTB model with positive averaged acceleration in which the luminosity distance does not contain information about the entire spatially averaged region, making the averaged acceleration unobservable. Since the cosmic acceleration is obtained from fitting the observed luminosity distance to a FRW model we conclude that in general a positive averaged acceleration in LTB models does not imply a positive FRW cosmic acceleration.

  1. The Effects of Free Parking on Commuter Mode Choice: Evidence from Travel Diary Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Daniel Baldwin

    2001-01-01

    the costs and benefits of parking cash out, see Shoup (1994)J. Bianco. 1998. “Travel and Parking Behavior in the UnitedOut Employer-Paid Parking: A Precedent for Congestion

  2. An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdette, Debra Arlene

    2000-01-01

    and thus would have adequate time to evaluate their options. Finally, based on the survey results, air passengers indicated they would prefer to use e-mail, pagers, telephones, and the Internet when making future travel information inquiries...

  3. SPECIAL REPORT 298: EFFECTS OF LAND DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS ON MOTORIZED TRAVEL, ENERGY, AND CO2 EMISSIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    SPECIAL REPORT 298: EFFECTS OF LAND DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS ON MOTORIZED TRAVEL, ENERGY, AND CO2 land use changes, biofuels (especially advanced biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol) are a good

  4. Turbulent drag reduction by streamwise traveling waves Armin Zare, Binh K. Lieu, and Mihailo R. Jovanovic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jovanovic, Mihailo

    of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment under Early Career Award RC- 0014 simulations have provided motivation for the development of a model-based framework for designing traveling

  5. Rebound 2007: Analysis of U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Travel Statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L

    2010-01-01

    U.S. national time series data on vehicle travel by passenger cars and light trucks covering the period 1966 2007 are used to test for the existence, size and stability of the rebound effect for motor vehicle fuel efficiency on vehicle travel. The data show a statistically significant effect of gasoline price on vehicle travel but do not support the existence of a direct impact of fuel efficiency on vehicle travel. Additional tests indicate that fuel price effects have not been constant over time, although the hypothesis of symmetry with respect to price increases and decreases is not rejected. Small and Van Dender (2007) model of a declining rebound effect with income is tested and similar results are obtained.

  6. Logistic regression models for predicting trip reporting accuracy in GPS-enhanced household travel surveys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Timothy Lee

    2007-04-25

    This thesis presents a methodology for conducting logistic regression modeling of trip and household information obtained from household travel surveys and vehicle trip information obtained from global positioning systems (GPS) to better understand...

  7. Local travel habits of baby boomers in suburban age-restricted communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebbert, Francis

    2008-01-01

    The baby boomer generation is an unprecedented demographic of 78 million Americans, now entering retirement. Living mostly in suburbs and dependent on private vehicles for nearly all travel needs, boomers face increasing ...

  8. Lower and Upper Bounds for a Symmetric Multiple Depot, Multiple Travelling Salesman Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathinam, Sivakumar; Sengupta, Raja

    2006-01-01

    starting locations, a set of ?nal UAV locations, a set ofnd a path for each UAV such that each destination isvisited once by any one UAV and the total cost travelled by

  9. Safety and Thermal Comfort Concerns for Active Travel to School: As Mediators and Correlates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Young Jae

    2014-12-03

    Children’s active travel to school (ATS), considered a regular source of physical activity, is influenced heavily by their parents’ perceived barriers to ATS such as safety and thermal comfort concerns. This dissertation focuses on environmental...

  10. Implementation of advanced transit traveler information systems in the United States and Canada : practice and prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizos, Anthony Charles

    2010-01-01

    Over the past few years, public transit agencies across the United States and Canada have increasingly implemented methods for passengers to access traveler information using new media and personal mobile communications ...

  11. The Walking Renaissance: A Longitudinal Analysis of Walking Travel in the Greater Los Angeles Area, USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joh, Kenneth; Chakrabarti, Sandip; Boarnet, Marlon G.; Woo, Ayoung

    2015-07-10

    Promoting walking travel is considered important for reducing automobile use and improving public health. Recent U.S. transportation policy has incentivized investments in alternative, more sustainable transportation modes ...

  12. Incident detection using the Standard Normal Deviate model and travel time information from probe vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountain, Christopher Eugene

    1993-01-01

    One application of travel time information explored in this thesis is freeway incident detection. It is vital to develop reliable methods for automatically detecting incidents to facilitate the quick response and removal of incidents before...

  13. A penalization method for calculating the flow beneath travelling water waves of large amplitude

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian Constantin; Konstantinos Kalimeris; Otmar Scherzer

    2014-08-08

    A penalization method for a suitable reformulation of the governing equations as a constrained optimization problem provides accurate numerical simulations for large-amplitude travelling water waves in irrotational flows and in flows with constant vorticity.

  14. Grouping travelers on the basis of their different car and transit levels of use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  15. Grouping Travelers on the Basis of their Different Car and Transit Levels of Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  16. A Maximum Likelihood Method with Penalty to Estimate Link Travel Time Based on Trip Itinerary Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Chujun

    2014-12-15

    Travel time is an important network performance measure. It is a challenging subject due to the fluctuations in traffic characteristics, such as traffic flow. This study proposes a maximum likelihood method with penalty ...

  17. Georgia Institute of Technology School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Johnson Graduate Student Travel Funds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Georgia Institute of Technology School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Johnson Graduate Student Travel funds may be used to meet any remaining costs not covered by the research advisor, GSF award___________________________________________________ Dates of Conference_____________________________________________________ Total estimated costs

  18. A review of "Visions of Persia: Mapping the Travels of Adam Olearius." by Elio Christoph Brancaforte 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Burton

    2005-01-01

    is recommended for collec- tions on the seventeenth century and biographies on Indians in academic libraries and personal libraries. Elio Christoph Brancaforte. Visions of Persia: Mapping the Travels of Adam Olearius. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press..., 2003. xxiv + 238 pp. + 66 illustrations. $45.00 Cloth, $27.50 Paper. Review by JONATHAN BURTON, WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY. In the introduction to his study of the works of the German traveler and cartographer Adam Olearius, Elio Brancaforte promises...

  19. Tuning gain and bandwidth of traveling wave tubes using metamaterial beam-wave interaction structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipton, Robert Polizzi, Anthony

    2014-10-14

    We employ metamaterial beam-wave interaction structures for tuning the gain and bandwidth of short traveling wave tubes. The interaction structures are made from metal rings of uniform cross section, which are periodically deployed along the length of the traveling wave tube. The aspect ratio of the ring cross sections is adjusted to control both gain and bandwidth. The frequency of operation is controlled by the filling fraction of the ring cross section with respect to the size of the period cell.

  20. Quantification of latent travel demand on new urban facilities in the state of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henk, Russell H

    1989-01-01

    , becomes obvious that there is a need for a more accurate procedure in the identification of this commonly occurring phenomenon known as latent travel demand. The SDHPT is responsible for evaluating and prioritizing alternative highway projects...QUANTIFICATION OF LATENT TRAVEL DEMAND ON NEW URBAN FACILITIES IN THE STATE OF TEXAS A Thesis by RUSSELL HAROLD HENK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  1. Fact #794: August 26, 2013 How Much Does an Average Vehicle Owner...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Each Year? Fact 794: August 26, 2013 How Much Does an Average Vehicle Owner Pay in Fuel Taxes Each Year? According to the Federal Highway Administration, the average fuel economy...

  2. Model comparison for automatic characterization and classification of average ERPs using visual oddball paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polikar, Robi

    Model comparison for automatic characterization and classification of average ERPs using visual December 2008 Keywords: EEG ERP Attention P300 N200 Oddball Pattern recognition Linear discriminant responses from averaged event-related potentials (ERPs) along with identifying appropriate features

  3. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings Fact 638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to...

  4. Fact #715: February 20, 2012 The Average Age of Light Vehicles Continues to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average age for cars and light trucks continues to rise as consumers hold onto their vehicles longer. Between 1995 and 2011, the average age for cars increased by 32% from 8.4 years to 11.1...

  5. TIME-AVERAGING IN THE MARINE FOSSIL RECORD: OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , PALEOECOLOGY, BENTHIC, MARINE, TIME-AVERAGING. Rl~SUM]~ - Le raisonnement pal~ontologique qui a conduit ~ la

  6. A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy Ching 2009 Accepted 29 August 2009 Keywords: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Energy policy Oligopolistic market Game theory Vehicle design a b s t r a c t The US Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE

  7. D. NOLTE, MIND AT LIGHT SPEED (FREE PRESS, 2001) 1 Light is the quintessential messenger. It travels faster than anything else can travel. It

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolte, David D.

    PREFACE D. NOLTE, MIND AT LIGHT SPEED (FREE PRESS, 2001) 1 PREFACE Light is the quintessential to make. A million rays of light carrying a thousand colors can travel along with each other or through. This is the parallelism of light, and it represents massive communication and computational power. With it, machines

  8. Packing list for international travel: Please note that this is a general list, specific materials might be needed according to the site.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emshwiller, Eve

    ____Extra glasses/prescription (extra contacts) ____Sunglasses ____Sunscreen/lip balm ____Towel (travel

  9. Information-Entropic for Travelling Solitons in Lorentz and CPT Breaking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. C. Correa; Roldao da Rocha; A. de Souza Dutra

    2015-02-08

    In this work we group three research topics apparently disconnected, namely solitons, Lorentz symmetry breaking and entropy. Following a recent work [Phys. Lett. B 713 (2012) 304], we show that it is possible to construct in the context of travelling wave solutions a configurational entropy measure in functional space, from the field configurations. Thus, we investigate the existence and properties of travelling solitons in Lorentz and CPT breaking scenarios for a class of models with two interacting scalar fields. Here, we obtain a complete set of exact solutions for the model studied which display both double and single-kink configurations. In fact, such models are very important in applications that include Bloch branes, Skyrmions, Yang-Mills, Q-balls, oscillons and various superstring-motivated theories. We find that the so-called Configurational Entropy (CE) for travelling solitons, which we name as travelling Configurational Entropy (TCE), shows that the best value of parameter responsible to break the Lorentz symmetry is one where the energy density is distributed equally around the origin. In this way, the information-theoretical measure of travelling solitons in Lorentz symmetry violation scenarios opens a new window to probe situations where the parameters responsible for breaking the symmetries are random. In this case, the TCE selects the best value.

  10. National and Racial Identity and the Desire for Expansion: A Study of American Travel Narratives, 1790-1850 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jin Man

    2011-08-08

    and implicit meaning for national self-definition and expansionism. From 1773 to 1778, William Bartram traveled through the South?Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, owned then by Spain, and more than a decade later published his Travels (1791). Washington... Irving traveled to what is now Oklahoma in 1832, after his return from his sojourn in Europe for seventeen years. Irving accompanied Henry L. Ellsworth, a commissioner of the newly formed Board of Indian Affairs, who had a mission to report...

  11. What is greener than a VMT tax? The case for an indexed energy user fee to finance us surface transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Highway finance in the United States is perceived by many to be in a state of crisis, primarily due to the erosion of motor fuel tax revenues due to inflation, fuel economy improvement, increased use of alternative sources of energy and diversion of revenues to other purposes. Monitoring vehicle miles of travel (VMT) and charging highway users per mile has been proposed as a replacement for the motor fuel tax. A VMT user fee, however, does not encourage energy efficiency in vehicle design, purchase and operation, as would a user fee levied on all forms of commercial energy used for transportation and indexed to the average efficiency of vehicles on the road and to inflation. An indexed roadway user toll on energy (IRoUTE) would induce two to four times as much reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and petroleum use as a pure VMT user fee. However, it is not a substitute for pricing GHG emissions and would make only a small but useful contribution to reducing petroleum dependence. An indexed energy user fee cannot adequately address the problems of traffic congestion and heavy vehicle cost responsibility. It could, however, be a key component of a comprehensive system of financing surface transportation that would eventually also include time and place specific monitoring of VMT for congestion pricing, externality charges and heavy vehicle user fees.

  12. Emissions from Medium-Duty Conventional and Diesel-Electric Hybrid Vehicles; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragatz, A.; Duran, A.; Thornton, M.; Walkowicz, K.

    2014-04-02

    This presentation discusses the results of emissions testing for medium-duty conventional and diesel-electric hybrid vehicles. Testing was based on a field evaluation approach that utilized the Fleet DNA drive cycle database and NREL’s Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory chassis dynamometer. Vehicles tested included parcel delivery (Class 6 step vans), beverage delivery (Class 8 tractors), and parcel delivery (Class 7 box trucks) vehicles, all with intended service class medium/heavy heavy-duty diesel (MHDD).
    Results for fuel economy and tailpipe NOx emissions included: diesel hybrid electric vehicles showed an average fuel economy advantage on identified test cycles: Class 6 Step Vans: 26%; Class 7 Box Trucks: 24.7%; Class 8 Tractors: 17.3%. Vehicle miles traveled is an important factor in determining total petroleum and CO2 displacement. Higher NOx emissions were observed over some test cycles: highly drive cycle dependent; engine-out differences may result from different engine operating point; and selective catalyst reduction temperature may play a role, but does not explain the whole story.

  13. Using GPS Travel Data to Assess the Real World Driving Energy Use of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Markel, T.; Simpson, A.; Thornton, M.

    2007-05-01

    Highlights opportunities using GPS travel survey techniques and systems simulation tools for plug-in hybrid vehicle design improvements, which maximize the benefits of energy efficiency technologies.

  14. HELIOSEISMIC SIGNATURE OF CHROMOSPHERIC DOWNFLOWS IN ACOUSTIC TRAVEL-TIME MEASUREMENTS FROM HINODE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagashima, Kaori; Sekii, Takashi [Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kosovichev, Alexander G.; Zhao Junwei [W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Tarbell, Theodore D. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, B/252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)], E-mail: kaorin@solar.mtk.nao.ac.jp

    2009-04-01

    We report on a signature of chromospheric downflows in two emerging flux regions detected by time-distance helioseismology analysis. We use both chromospheric intensity oscillation data in the Ca II H line and photospheric Dopplergrams in the Fe I 557.6 nm line obtained by Hinode/SOT for our analyses. By cross-correlating the Ca II oscillation signals, we have detected a travel-time anomaly in the plage regions; outward travel times are shorter than inward travel times by 0.5-1 minute. However, such an anomaly is absent in the Fe I data. These results can be interpreted as evidence of downflows in the lower chromosphere. The downflow speed is estimated to be below 10 km s{sup -1}. This result demonstrates a new possibility of studying chromospheric flows by time-distance analysis.

  15. Time-averaged quantum dynamics and the validity of the effective...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    develop a technique for finding the dynamical evolution in time of an averaged density matrix. The result is an equation of evolution that includes an effective Hamiltonian, as...

  16. Walking, running, and resting under time, distance, and average speed constraints: Optimality of walk-run-rest mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Manoj

    in a more ecological (non-treadmill) setting. We asked subjects to travel a given distance overground to go from your house to the bus stop and have very little time to do so. You would likely run the whole

  17. SUPPLEMENTAL EXPORT COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES FOR TRAVEL WITH MOBILE DEVICES & RESEARCH EQUIPMENT To ensure that SAO-affiliated persons, who work on export-controlled projects and travel with their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUPPLEMENTAL EXPORT COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES FOR TRAVEL WITH MOBILE DEVICES & RESEARCH EQUIPMENT I. Purpose To ensure that SAO-affiliated persons, who work on export-controlled projects and travel with their laptops and mobile devices, take additional export compliance security precautions in advance and bring

  18. DISTRIBUTED POSE AVERAGING IN CAMERA NETWORKS VIA CONSENSUS ON SE(3) Roberto Tron, Rene Vidal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISTRIBUTED POSE AVERAGING IN CAMERA NETWORKS VIA CONSENSUS ON SE(3) Roberto Tron, Ren´e Vidal distributed algorithms for esti- mating the average pose of an object viewed by a localized network of camera networks; pose estimation; consensus; optimization on manifolds. 1. INTRODUCTION Recent hardware

  19. Pipeline for the Creation of Surface-based Averaged Brain Atlases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzel, Randolf - Institut für Biologie

    Pipeline for the Creation of Surface-based Averaged Brain Atlases Anja Kuß Hans-Christian Hege from different image modalities and experiments. In this paper we describe a standardized pipeline of individuals. The pipeline consists of the major steps imaging and preprocessing, segmentation, averaging

  20. Measuring second-order time-average pressure B. L. Smith and G. W. Swift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barton L.

    , 43.25.Zx, 43.25.Gf MFH I. INTRODUCTION In thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators, streaming can , generate both harmonics such as p2,2 and time- averaged phenomena such as streaming and the time- averaged and p1 . The nature and magnitude of p2,0 have generated activity and controversy in the acoustics

  1. A comparison of spatial averaging and Cadzow's method for array wavenumber estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, D.B.; Clark, G.A.

    1989-10-31

    We are concerned with resolving superimposed, correlated seismic waves with small-aperture arrays. The limited time-bandwidth product of transient seismic signals complicates the task. We examine the use of MUSIC and Cadzow's ML estimator with and without subarray averaging for resolution potential. A case study with real data favors the MUSIC algorithm and a multiple event covariance averaging scheme.

  2. Allowed mesoscopic point group symmetries in domain average engineering of perovskite ferroelectric crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Allowed mesoscopic point group symmetries in domain average engineering of perovskite ferroelectric average engineering in proper ferroelectric systems arising from the cubic Pm3¯m symmetry perovskite­4 Both solid solution systems have a perovskite structure. Poling along one of the pseudocubic axes

  3. StructuralHammingDistance Average SHD Results -Child -Sample Size 500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Laura E.

    , and Hailfinder10 Networks. C22_complete_shd_results.tex; 5/08/2005; 16:24; p.2 #12;0 500 1000 1500 x MMHC OR1k=5 GES StructuralHammingDistance Average SHD Results - Child - Sample Size 500 Error Bars = +/- Std TPDA GES StructuralHammingDistance Average SHD Results - Child3 - Sample Size 500 Error Bars = +/- Std

  4. A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim fuel economy; Energy policy; Oligopolistic market; Mixed logit #12;Shiau, Michalek, and Hendrickson 2 1

  5. Surface-based display of volume-averaged cerebellar imaging data Jrn Diedrichsen & Ewa Zotow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diedrichsen, Jörn

    Surface-based display of volume-averaged cerebellar imaging data Jörn Diedrichsen & Ewa Zotow representation of the cerebellum as a visualization tool for volume-averaged cerebellar data. Volume-based) Data projected onto a surface- based representation based on a single anatomy [2] displays single

  6. ON THE SELF-AVERAGING OF WAVE ENERGY IN RANDOM GUILLAUME BAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume

    ON THE SELF-AVERAGING OF WAVE ENERGY IN RANDOM MEDIA GUILLAUME BAL Abstract. We consider the stabilization (self-averaging) and destabilization of the energy of waves propagating in random media transport equations for arbitrary statistical moments of the wave field is used to show that wave energy

  7. Statewide average major timber product prices started the year on a decline except

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statewide average major timber product prices started the year on a decline except for a slight rise in hardwood pulpwood price. Pine sawlog price continued to fall during the January/February 2008 period. State- wide pine sawlog averaged $35.20/ton, the lowest price since January 2006. This was a 5

  8. Timber prices remained sluggish during May/June 2009. Statewide average stump-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timber prices remained sluggish during May/June 2009. Statewide average stump- age prices of all on hous- ing starts and lumber prices nationally at the end of the period. Statewide pine sawlog prices. The average pine sawlog price was $20.41 per ton for Northeast Texas and $22.60 per ton for Southeast Texas

  9. Reaction-time binning: A simple method for increasing the resolving power of ERP averages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poli, Riccardo

    Reaction-time binning: A simple method for increasing the resolving power of ERP averages RICCARDO-locked, response-locked, and ERP-locked averaging are effective methods for reducing artifacts in ERP analysis. However, they suffer from a magnifying-glass effect: they increase the resolution of specific ERPs

  10. Ordinary kriging for on-demand average wind interpolation of in-situ wind sensor data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middleton, Stuart E.

    1 Ordinary kriging for on-demand average wind interpolation of in-situ wind sensor data Zlatko comes from wind in-situ observation stations in an area approximately 200km by 125km. We provide on-demand average wind interpolation maps. These spatial estimates can then be compared with the results of other

  11. Tradeoffs and Average-Case Equilibria in Selfish Routing Martin Hoefer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    the expected price of anarchy of the game for various social cost functions. For total latency social cost cost in polyno- mial time. Furthermore, our analyses of the expected prices are average-case analyses, 2007 Abstract We consider the price of selfish routing in terms of tradeoffs and from an average

  12. A spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasbey, Chris

    A spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation C.A. Glasbey and D 1). Solar radiation, averaged over ten minute intervals, was recorded at each site for two years otherwise there are too many parameters to be estimated. As we wish to simulate solar radiation on a network

  13. Travel and Expense System _ PeopleSoft 8.8 Prepaid Expenses 01/14 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Travel and Expense System _ PeopleSoft 8.8 Prepaid Expenses 01/14 Page 1 that include prepaid expenses. There is a table of Prepaid Expense types at the end of this document for your reference. Create a Travel Authorization (TA) with Prepaid Expenses To properly record prepaid expenses, you

  14. Examining Decision-making Surrounding the Use of Managed Lanes by Katy Freeway Travelers: A Prospect Theory Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Chao

    2014-01-14

    random, were tested in this survey. Estimates from the EUT and PT approaches, as well as from previous studies on Katy Freeway travelers, are compared. The results of this study indicate that Katy Freeway travelers are more risk averse when in a situation...

  15. Earthquake Damage Detection in the Imperial County Services Building III: Analysis of Wave Travel Times via Impulse Response Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    1 Earthquake Damage Detection in the Imperial County Services Building III: Analysis of Wave Travel characteristics of the structure, and are not sensitive to local damage. Wave travel times between selected changes in such characteristics of response are potentially more sensitive to local damage. In this paper

  16. Survey Title: Traveler Response to Fuel Price Changes University of Texas at Austin Internal Review Board #: 2005-11-0010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    will be an important step in understanding how travelers may respond to future changes in gasoline prices of 2005 in which you spent the most on gasoline (or observed prices to be the highest.) Summer of 2005 canSurvey Title: Traveler Response to Fuel Price Changes University of Texas at Austin Internal Review

  17. Royal Veterinary College Guidance on employee attendance at work during periods of major travel disruption or severe weather conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daley, Monica A.

    disruption or severe weather conditions GUIDANCE ON EMPLOYEE ATTENDANCE AT WORK DURING PERIODS OF MAJOR TRAVEL DISRUPTION OR SEVERE WEATHER CONDITIONS 1.0 INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE 1.1 The College's expectation work and returning home during periods of severe weather or when there are major travel disruptions. 1

  18. Estimation and prediction of travel time from loop detector data for intelligent transportation systems applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanajakshi, Lelitha Devi

    2005-11-01

    ., or from indirect methods such as loop detectors. Because of their wide spread deployment, travel time estimation from loop detector data is one of the most widely used methods. However, the major criticism about loop detector data is the high probability...

  19. IMPORTANT---TRAVEL TO AND FROM EBOLA-IMPACTED AREAS January 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    --Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. There have been no cases of Ebola in Oklahoma, but OU must take the appropriate, and staff travel for University purposes to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. 1. OU students, faculty, Liberia, and Sierra Leone to contact OU Health Services to arrange a risk assessment by telephone

  20. Benchmarking Algorithms for Dynamic Travelling Salesman Problems Lishan Kang1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Robert Ian

    Travelling Salesman Problem, adapted from the CHN-144 benchmark of 144 Chinese cities for the static computing, the confluence of Web services, peer- to-peer systems and grid computing provide the foundation mixture, smartness, macro and micro-mobility, ultra-scalability, interoperability and invisibility have

  1. Search How do I find it? Home News Travel Money Sports Life Tech Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    such capabilities in flexible plastic-like materials and high-tech composites akin to the stuff now used to makeSearch How do I find it? Home News Travel Money Sports Life Tech Weather Tech Shopping Bu Illinois on a project to develop technology for the living room of the future. Inside Tech Page 1 of 3USATODAY

  2. Section: Travel Revised Date: 06/13/2011 Procedure: 5.5.4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    in employee lounges, assigned offices or other work areas are not allowable. Employee consumables, appliances be processed via Risk Management. Trip insurance is not normally reimbursable. Exceptions may occasionally be granted for some foreign travel if it is cost/risk justified and approved in advance. #12;

  3. Heurisic approaches for no-depot k-traveling salesmen problem with a minmax objective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Na, Byungsoo

    2007-09-17

    This thesis deals with the no-depot minmax Multiple Traveling Salesmen Problem (MTSP), which can be formulated as follows. Given a set of n cities and k salesmen,find k disjoint tours (one for each salesmen) such that each ...

  4. THE TRAVEL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF SHARED AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES, USING AGENT-BASED MODEL SCENARIOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    the rental) like Car2Go and ZipCar have quickly expanded, with the number of U.S. users doubling every one traveler wait times. Next, the model is run over one-hundred days, with driverless vehicles ferrying. As of September 2013, Google had logged over 500,000 miles driven on public roadways using cars equipped with self

  5. TRAVELING-WAVE MODULATOR USING A GELATIN-BASED EO POLYMER WAVEGUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ray

    TRAVELING-WAVE MODULATOR USING A GELATIN-BASED EO POLYMER WAVEGUIDE R. Shih, R. Chen, and Z. Z. Ho intensity modulator using a gelatin-based EO polymer waveguide has been built and characterized. This EO modulator is constructed from a nitrophenol/gelatin guest/host poled polymer system. V and "33 of 25 V

  6. Driving Directions to the UNCW Main Campus If traveling to Wilmington via I-40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Driving Directions to the UNCW Main Campus If traveling to Wilmington via I-40 I-40 becomes NC 132 left into the Parking Deck. You will need to park on the main level in one of the designated visitor of Student Success (Room 1002) is in the lobby near the main building entrance. 2) From Reynolds Drive, turn

  7. Updated 1/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    Updated 1/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in Mexico Estados Unidos Mexicanos Culture Note The current president of Mexico is Enrique Peña Nieto. Mexico City is the county's capital million U.S. citizens live in Mexico. Mexico is the third largest U.S. trading partner behind Canada

  8. In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel) FY 2013 - 2014 July 1, 2013 - June 30, 2014 Enterprise must be used for all in-state vehicle rentals. Corporate Discount # Website Reservations Phone # Base Rental Charges Rental Location Surcharges Vehicle

  9. In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel) FY 2011 - 2012 July 1, 2011 - June 30, 2012 Enterprise must be used for all in-state vehicle rentals. Corporate Discount # Website Reservations Phone # Base Rental Charges Rental Location Surcharges Vehicle

  10. In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel) FY 2010 - 2011 July 1, 2010 - June 30, 2011 Enterprise should be used for all in-state vehicle rentals. General Vehicle Rental Notes: Corporate Discount # · A valid driver's license and a major credit card (La

  11. In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel) FY 2012 - 2013 July 1, 2012 - June 30, 2013 Enterprise must be used for all in-state vehicle rentals. Corporate Discount # Website Reservations Phone # Base Rental Charges Rental Location Surcharges Vehicle

  12. Traveling Waves Solutions for Bistable Differential-Difference Equations with Periodic Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmer, Christopher E.; Van Vleck, Erik

    2001-10-05

    on the underlying lattice as well as on time. For the case of spatially periodic diffusion we obtain analytic solutions for the traveling wave problem using a piecewise linear nonlinearity. The formula for the wave forms is implicitly defined in the general periodic...

  13. STABILITY OF TRAVELING WAVES FOR DEGENERATE SYSTEMS OF REACTION DIFFUSION EQUATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latushkin, Yuri

    -diffusion system at a traveling pulse or front, we prove a theorem that allows one to derive information about in neurons; certain combustion models [9]; population models in which some species diffuse and others do Classification. 47D06, 35K57, 35B40. Key words and phrases. front, pulse, spectrally stable, linearly stable, C0

  14. State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel Effective January 1, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel Effective January 1, 2010 Base Rental Charges Vehicle Class State Motor Pool Rental Contract Daily Rate* State Motor Pool Rental Contract Weekly Rate* State Motor Pool Rental Contract Monthly Rate* Compact 32 176 640 Mid-size/Intermediate 34 187 680

  15. CUNYfirst -Travel & Expense Module Charging Expenses to a Different Business Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artemov, Sergei N.

    CUNYfirst - Travel & Expense Module Charging Expenses to a Different Business Unit There are circumstances where an employee's reimbursable business expenses should be charged to a different business unit the procedures from the VMU to add an employee to the CUNYfirst vendor file 2. The "paying business unit" must

  16. scholarship enabled me to travel to an organic vegetable farm in Minnesota during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    scholarship enabled me to travel to an organic vegetable farm in Minnesota during the summer today. Thanks to the Academic Year Scholars program I was able to return to the Food Bank this semester of Guatemalan agriculture, I look forward to beginning a job with the Food Bank as a program designer

  17. Quick Search SFGATE HOME BUSINESS SPORTS ENTERTAINMENT TRAVEL JOBS REAL EST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Benjamin P.

    electrical PG & E bill Bay Solar Power Design, Inc. Bay Area 3-Areas for $99 + get hallway clean free CallQuick Search SFGATE HOME BUSINESS SPORTS ENTERTAINMENT TRAVEL JOBS REAL EST Meteorites provide of Mars. Printable Version Email This Article $250 Off Any Complete Solar System! Reduce or eliminate your

  18. AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SOLVING THE REAL-WORLD MULTIPLE TRAVELING ROBOT PROBLEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talay, Sanem Sarýel

    dynamics. In this paper, we analyze the MTRP from real-world perspectives. In our solution, dynamic taskAN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SOLVING THE REAL-WORLD MULTIPLE TRAVELING ROBOT PROBLEM Sanem Sariel, TURKEY + Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing, Atlanta, GA, USA, 30332 Key words: Multi

  19. Travel Characteristics of Marine Anglers Using Oil and Gas Platforms in the Central Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travel Characteristics of Marine Anglers Using Oil and Gas Platforms in the Central Gulf of Mexico patterns of avid marine anglers using the oil and gas structures off the Louisiana coast. Although and their fishing methods. Study Area In 1985, the National Research Council identified more than 3,100 oil and gas

  20. SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL World's Smallest Universal Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL NANO TECH World's Smallest, professor of mechanical Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email Space - War - Earth - Energy - China your email yes Search All Of Our Sites In One Search SpaceDaily - SpaceWar - TerraDaily Search Horacio D

  1. Dual Use of Traveling and Standing Lamb Waves for Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    Dual Use of Traveling and Standing Lamb Waves for Structural Health Monitoring Victor Giurgiutiu@sc.edu ABSTRACT Structural health monitoring (SHM) is an emerging technology with great potential in structural to structures. The paper presents results on the dual use of PWAS for structural health monitoring through: (a

  2. Exploiting Digital Technologies to Promote Sustainable Travel Behaviour in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Rural Passenger1 (IRP) project aims to address this issue by creating an information ecosystem of the information ecosystem and orienting it towards the user needs, in order to encourage sustainable rural travel, within an information ecosystem. Overall, the aim of the IRP project is to utilise this information

  3. Travelling wave solutions for a quasilinear model of Field Dislocation Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheichl, Robert

    Mechanics to a scalar problem in one spatial dimension and investigate the existence of static and slowTravelling wave solutions for a quasilinear model of Field Dislocation Mechanics Amit Acharya in the static case is not proper and it is shown that no comparison principle holds. The findings indicate

  4. Home News Business Sports Travel Entertainment Homes Jobs Cars Shopping Top headlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paller, Ken

    Home News Business Sports Travel Entertainment Homes Jobs Cars Shopping 31° Latest for Top Nursing Home Administrator read more & apply Search Chicago jobs All Chicago jobs Post resume Post a job applications," said Ralph Nuzzo, a chemistry professor who worked with Rogers to co-author a description

  5. Building Evidence for Active Travel: Counting and Modeling Non-motorized Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Building Evidence for Active Travel: Counting and Modeling Non-motorized Traffic #12;Scope of Talk & maintenance · Test hypotheses and build theory #12;Multi-use Trails in Indianapolis #12;Min Max Mean Week Days B MN* Active Infrared MM MN* Passive infrared P, MM MN MM MN Pressure Pads P P, B? Pneumatic tubes B

  6. Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa The Rainbow Nation South Africa is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. In urban areas many different ethnic groups make up the population. In addition to the indigenous black peoples of South Africa

  7. Adaptability of a Discrete PSO Algorithm applied to the Traveling Salesman Problem with Fuzzy Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludwig, Simone

    Adaptability of a Discrete PSO Algorithm applied to the Traveling Salesman Problem with Fuzzy Data-known optimization method, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), when solving a fuzzy problem. The discrete PSO in order to study the impact of uncertain information in the quality of the results provided by PSO

  8. Economic Impacts of Relaxing Travel and Financial Restrictions on U.S. Exports to Cuba

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Impacts of Relaxing Travel and Financial Restrictions on U.S. Exports to Cuba Flynn Adcock Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 allows for the exportation of U.S. agricultural products and medicines to Cuba. Since passage of the TSREEA, U.S. agricultural and food exports to Cuba have expanded

  9. Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism (As published Resources Many tourism businesses understand that `going green' is important. It can help reduce operating costs, a growing number of consumers are asking for green products and services, and there is growing

  10. RESEARCH PAPER Simulation-based analysis of flow due to traveling-plane-wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    : 28 March 2007 Ó Springer-Verlag 2007 Abstract One of the propulsion mechanisms of micro- organisms flows with mechanical micropumps remains somewhat a challenge. Propulsion mechanisms of microorganisms be placed in a channel and actuated for pumping of the fluid by means of introducing a series of traveling

  11. Emergency Contacts and Resources For Students Traveling on a CGIS Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Emergency Contacts and Resources For Students Traveling on a CGIS Program University of Michigan Police Dept. (UMPD): 734-763-1131 (24/7 ­ will accept int'l collect calls) HTH Emergency Assistance 800-5pm) What IS an Emergency? An emergency situation is one that has impacted, or is likely to impact

  12. Energetically Optimal Travel across Terrain: Visualizations and a New Metric of Geographic Distance with Archaeological Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Zoë J.

    , travel, prehistory, least cost path. Zoë J. Wood2 California Polytechnic State University Brian M. Wood1 the energetically least cost path is shown in blue. This visualization shows how least cost paths often follow of these two paths further illustrate this fact. See figure 2. The overall caloric saving for the least cost

  13. Demonstration of a 140-GHz 1-kW Confocal Gyro-Traveling-Wave Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temkin, Richard J.

    The theory, design, and experimental results of a wideband 140-GHz 1-kW pulsed gyro-traveling-wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) are presented. The gyro-TWA operates in the HE [subscript 06] mode of an overmoded quasi-optical ...

  14. Joint two-dimensional DC resistivity and seismic travel time inversion with cross-gradients constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meju, Max

    Joint two-dimensional DC resistivity and seismic travel time inversion with cross to evaluate the structural features common to both methods. The cross-gradients function is incorporated method. The resultant iterative two-dimensional (2-D) joint inversion scheme is successfully applied

  15. ForPeerReview Viability of Travel-time Sensitivity Testing for Estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    of Tomographic Velocity Models: A Case Study Journal: Geophysics Manuscript ID: GEO-2008-0386 Manuscript Type Inversion, Seismic Velocity/Statics GEOPHYSICS #12;ForPeerReview Averill et al., Travel Time Sensitivity Models: A Case Study Matthew G. Averill* , Kate C. Miller (corresponding author), Vladik Krenovich

  16. http://baltoferretclub.com/travel.html http://baltoferretclub.com/evacuation.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Sources: http://baltoferretclub.com/travel.html http://baltoferretclub.com/evacuation.html http://theepiccenter.com/tow08036.html http://peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=11+1296&aid=498 http://destinyink.com/spyral/animals/ferret/ferret_nutrition.html

  17. Traveling waves in yeast extract and in cultures of Dictyostelium discoideum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbock, Oliver

    ­Zhabo- tinsky (BZ) reaction (cf. Ref. [9]). The velocity v of the excitation waves depends in general reaction step according to the relation v (k D)1/2 . Deviations from the constant velocity of a single traveling reaction-diffusion waves occur in response to oscillatory reactions. Glycolytic degradation

  18. International Travel with Mobile Devices BRIAN MITCHELL WARSHAWSKY, JD CCEP Systemwide Export Control Officer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    International Travel with Mobile Devices BRIAN MITCHELL WARSHAWSKY, JD CCEP Systemwide Export" "...via airport searches, hotel room incursions, computer/device accessing, telephone monitoring, personal or border, If your device is selected for a momentary out-of-sight inspection lasting longer than 90 seconds

  19. How many electric miles do Nissan Leafs and Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project travel?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents travel statistics and metrics describing the driving behavior of Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt drivers in the EV Project. It specifically quantifies the distance each group of vehicles drives each month. This paper will be published to INL's external website and will be accessible by the general public.

  20. Modeling, Optimization and Control of Rotary Traveling-Wave Cheng Zhuo, Huafeng Zhang, Rupak Samanta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jiang

    Modeling, Optimization and Control of Rotary Traveling-Wave Oscillator Cheng Zhuo, Huafeng Zhang, Rupak Samanta1 , Jiang Hu2 , Kangsheng Chen Department of Information Science & Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, China 1,2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A

  1. Air Travel to Cornell University Ithaca, New York --10 minutes from campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z. Jane

    Air Travel to Cornell University Ithaca, New York -- 10 minutes from campus The Ithaca TompkinsIthacaairport. Other Regional Airports Syracuse, New York Syracuse Hancock International Airport in Syracuse, NY-9180· Superior Limousine (607) 758-3333· Rochester, New York Greater Rochester International Airport

  2. Computer representation of the model covariance function resulting from travel-time tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Karlovu 3, 121 16 Praha 2, Czech Republic, http://sw3d.cz/sta#11;/klimes.htm Summary This paper represents generalization of the equations from interpo- lation of slowness to interpolation of general power of velocity is designed. Keywords Travel{time tomographic inversion, resolution, velocity model, medium covariance func

  3. Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism (As published that `going green' is important. It can help reduce operating costs, a growing number of consumers are asking for green products and services, and there is growing evidence that if we do not change how we do certain

  4. Approximation Algorithms for the Minimum Bends Traveling Salesman Problem (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    design and analysis. The usual metric, minimizing the total distance traveled, is an important one of other heavy machinery: for many such devices turning is an expensive operation. We give approximation, 11, 12, 21, 15], and has been a testbed for many of the most useful ideas in algorithm design

  5. Associations of health, physical activity and weight status with motorised travel and transport carbon dioxide emissions: a cross-sectional, observational study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Anna; Brand, Christian; Ogilvie, David; iConnect consortium

    2012-08-03

    Abstract Background Motorised travel and associated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generate substantial health costs; in the case of motorised travel, this may include contributing to rising obesity levels. Obesity has in turn been hypothesised...

  6. Understanding the differences in the development and use of advanced traveler information systems for vehicles (ATIS/V) in the U.S., Germany, and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugawara, Yoshihiko

    2007-01-01

    Traffic congestion is becoming a serious problem. As a solution, advanced traveler information systems (ATIS) mitigate traffic congestion by providing real-time traffic information to travelers. ATIS includes various ...

  7. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales-weighted harmonic mean fuel economy of a manufacturer’s fleet of new cars or light trucks in a certain model year (MY). First enacted by...

  8. Giant aeolian dune size determined by the average depth of the atmospheric boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tlemcen, Algeria. 3 Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Center for Nonlinear be related to statistically averaged quantities. The detailed modelling of the atmospheric processes is very

  9. The averaging process in permeability estimation from well-test data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliver, D.S. (Saudi Aramco (SA))

    1990-09-01

    Permeability estimates from the pressure derivative or the slope of the semilog plot usually are considered to be averages of some large ill-defined reservoir volume. This paper presents results of a study of the averaging process, including identification of the region of the reservoir that influences permeability estimates, and a specification of the relative contribution of the permeability of various regions to the estimate of average permeability. The diffusion equation for the pressure response of a well situated in an infinite reservoir where permeability is an arbitrary function of position was solved for the case of small variations from a mean value. Permeability estimates from the slope of the plot of pressure vs. the logarithm of drawdown time are shown to be weighted averages of the permeabilities within an inner and outer radius of investigation.

  10. Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A vehicle footprint is the area defined by the four points where the tires touch the ground. It is calculated as the product of the wheelbase and the average track width of the vehicle. The...

  11. System average rates of U.S. investor-owned electric utilities : a statistical benchmark study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Ernst R.

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple regression methods, we have undertaken a statistical "benchmark" study comparing system average electricity rates charged by three California utilities with 96 other US utilities over the 1984-93 time period. ...

  12. AVERAGES ALONG POLYNOMIAL SEQUENCES IN DISCRETE NILPOTENT GROUPS: SINGULAR RADON TRANSFORMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magyar, Akos

    AVERAGES ALONG POLYNOMIAL SEQUENCES IN DISCRETE NILPOTENT GROUPS: SINGULAR RADON TRANSFORMS can consider discrete maximal Radon transforms, which have applications to pointwise ergodic theo- rems, and discrete singular Radon transforms. In this paper we prove L2 boundedness of discrete

  13. Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Model Years 2012-2016

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The final rule for the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards was published in March 2010. Under this rule, each light vehicle model produced for sale in the United States will have a fuel...

  14. Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average trip length (one-way) is 9.7 miles according to the 2009 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey. Trip lengths vary by the purpose of the trip. Shopping and family/personal business...

  15. Advancing the Theoretical Foundation of the Partially-averaged Navier-Stokes Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes, Dasia Ann

    2013-05-06

    computational technologies. Low-fidelity approaches such as Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS), although widely used, are inherently inadequate for turbulent flows with complex flow features. VR bridging methods fill the gap between DNS and RANS by allowing...

  16. Variation in the annual average radon concentration measured in homes in Mesa County, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; George, J.L.; Langner, G.H. Jr.

    1990-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the variability in the annual average indoor radon concentration. The TMC has been collecting annual average radon data for the past 5 years in 33 residential structures in Mesa County, Colorado. This report is an interim report that presents the data collected up to the present. Currently, the plans are to continue this study in the future. 62 refs., 3 figs., 12 tabs.

  17. Experiments with a time-dependent, zonally averaged, seasonal, enery balance climatic model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Starley Lee

    1977-01-01

    EXPERIMENTS WITH A TI&E-DEPENDENT, ZONALLY AVERAGED, SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the decree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Meteorology EXPERIMENTS WITH A TIME DEPENDENT~ ZONALLY AVERAGED~ SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee...

  18. k=10 GS PC TPDA GES Average SHD Results -Child -Sample Size 500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Laura E.

    TPDA GES Structural Hamming Distance Average SHD Results - Child - Sample Size 500 Error Bars = +/- Std GS PC TPDA GES Structural Hamming Distance Average SHD Results - Child3 - Sample Size 500 Error Bars = +/- Std.Dev. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 MMHC OR1 k=5 OR1 k=10 OR1 k=20 OR2 k=5 OR2 k=10 OR2 k=20 SC k=5 SC

  19. Revision of the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation - 12510

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, Maurice; Kennedy, James E.; Ridge, Christianne; Lowman, Donald [U.S. NRC, Washington, DC, 20555-0001 (United States); Cochran, John [Sandia National Laboratory (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulation governing low-level waste (LLW) disposal, 'Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste', 10 CFR Part 61, establishes a waste classification system based on the concentration of specific radionuclides contained in the waste. The regulation also states, at 10 CFR 61.55(a)(8), that, 'the concentration of a radionuclide (in waste) may be averaged over the volume of the waste, or weight of the waste if the units are expressed as nanocuries per gram'. The NRC's Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation provides guidance on averaging radionuclide concentrations in waste under 10 CFR 61.55(a)(8) when classifying waste for disposal. In 2007, the NRC staff proposed to revise the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation. The Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation is an NRC guidance document for averaging and classifying wastes under 10 CFR 61. The Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation is used by nuclear power plants (NPPs) licensees and sealed source users, among others. In addition, three of the four U.S. LLW disposal facility operators are required to honor the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation as a licensing condition. In 2010, the Commission directed the staff to develop guidance regarding large scale blending of similar homogenous waste types, as described in SECY-10-0043 as part of its Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation revision. The Commission is improving the regulatory approach used in the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation by moving towards a making it more risk-informed and performance-based approach, which is more consistent with the agency's regulatory policies. Among the improvements to the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation are more risk-informed limits for the sizes of sealed sources for safe disposal. Using more realistic intruder exposure scenarios, the suggested limits for Class B and C waste disposal of sealed sources, particularly Cs-137 and Co-60, have been increased. These suggested changes, and others in the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation, if adopted by Agreement States, have the potential to eliminate numerous orphan sources (i.e., sources that currently have no disposal pathway) that are now being stored. Permanent disposal of these sources, rather than temporary storage, will help reduce safety and security risks. The revised Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation has an alternative approach section which provides flexibility to generators and processors, while also ensuring that intruder protection will be maintained. Alternative approaches provide flexibility by allowing for consideration of likelihood of intrusion, the possibility of averaging over larger volumes and allowing for disposal of large activity sources. The revision has improved the organization of the Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation, improved its clarity, better documented the bases for positions, and made the positions more risk informed while also maintaining protection for intruder as required by 10 CFR Part 61. (authors)

  20. Studies of the superconducting traveling wave cavity for high gradient LINAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avrakhov, Pavel; Kanareykin, Alexei; Solyak, Nikolay; Yakovlev, Vyacheslav P

    2015-01-01

    Use of a traveling wave (TW) accelerating structure with a small phase advance per cell instead of standing wave may provide a significant increase of accelerating gradient in a superconducting linear accelerator. The TW section achieves an accelerating gradient 1.2-1.4 larger than TESLA-shaped standing wave cavities for the same surface electric and magnetic fields. Recent tests of an L-band single-cell cavity with a waveguide feedback demonstrated an accelerating gradient comparable to the gradient in a single-cell ILC-type cavity from the same manufacturer. This article presents the next stage of the 3- cell TW resonance ring development which will be tested in the traveling wave regime. The main simulation results of the microphonics and Lorentz Force Detuning (LFD) are also considered.

  1. Beam loading compensation of traveling wave linacs through the time dependence of the rf drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Towne N.; Rose J.

    2011-09-30

    Beam loading in traveling-wave linear accelerating structures leads to unacceptable spread of particle energies across an extended train of bunched particles due to beam-induced field and dispersion. Methods for modulating the rf power driving linacs are effective at reducing energy spread, but for general linacs do not have a clear analytic foundation. We report here methods for calculating how to modulate the rf drive in arbitrarily nonuniform traveling-wave linacs within the convective-transport (power-diffusion) model that results in no additional energy spread due to beam loading (but not dispersion). Varying group velocity, loss factor, and cell quality factor within a structure, and nonzero particle velocity, are handled.

  2. The Effect of Abnormal Granulation on Acoustic Wave Travel Times and Mode Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Petrovay; R. Erdelyi; M. J. Thompson

    2007-02-02

    Observations indicate that in plage areas (i.e. in active regions outside sunspots) acoustic waves travel faster than in quiet sun, leading to shortened travel times and higher p-mode frequencies. While it is clear that the ultimate cause of any difference between quiet sun and plage is the presence of magnetic fields of order 100 G in the latter, the mechanism by which the magnetic field exerts its influence has not yet been conclusively identified. One possible such mechanism is suggested by the observation that granular motions in plage areas tend to be slightly ``abnormal'', dampened compared to quiet sun. In this paper we consider the effect that abnormal granulation observed in active regions should have on the propagation of acoustic waves. Any such effect is found to be limited to a shallow surface layer where sound waves propagate nearly vertically. The magnetically suppressed turbulence implies higher sound speeds, leading to shorter travel times. This time shift Dt is independent of the travel distance, while it shows a characteristic dependence on the assumed plage field strength. As a consequence of the variation of the acoustic cutoff with height, Dt is expected to be significantly higher for higher frequency waves within the observed regime of 3-5 mHz. The lower group velocity near the upper reflection point further leads to an increased envelope time shift, as compared to the phase shift. $p$-mode frequencies in plage areas are increased by a corresponding amount, Dnu/nu = nu*Dt. These characteristics of the time and frequency shifts are in accordance with observations. The calculated overall amplitude of the time and frequency shifts are comparable to, but still significantly (factor of 2 to 5) less than suggested by measurements.

  3. A methodology for predicting minimum travel paths using real-time traffic network data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chang

    1991-01-01

    A METHODOLOGY FOR PREDICTING MINIMUM TRAVEL PATHS USING REAL-TIME TRAFFIC NETWORK DATA A Thesis by Chang Liu Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillrnent of the requirements for the degree... operations. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express special thanks to Dr. Daniel B. Fambro for his guidance, assistance, and patience from the initial stage of my graduate career at Texas A&M University through the final stage of the research documented...

  4. Time domain analysis of a gyrotron traveling wave amplifier with misaligned electron beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Qiushi Peng, Shuyuan; Luo, Jirun

    2014-08-15

    This article develops a time-domain theory to study the beam-wave interaction in gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) with a misaligned electron beam. The effects of beam misalignment on the TE{sub 01} mode gyro-TWA operating at the fundamental are discussed. Numerical results show that the effect of misalignment is less obvious when the input power is larger, and the influences of misalignment on the stable gain and the stable time are basically opposite.

  5. Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1Research andAdministration'sDepartmentPartnerships |to Travel

  6. Estimating fare and expenditure elasticities of demand for air travel in the U.S. domestic market 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alwaked, Ahmad Abdelrahman Fahed

    2007-04-25

    This study estimates the demand for domestic air travel services in the United States in order to calculate the fare and expenditure elasticities of demand. We segmented the market according to number of operating airlines, ...

  7. Identifying Contributions of On-road Motor Vehicles to Urban Air Pollution Using Travel Demand Model Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Guihua; Bai, Song; Ogden, Joan M.

    2009-01-01

    Health Effects of Motor-Vehicle Air Pollution. University ofon-road motor vehicles to urban air pollution, using travelon-road motor vehicles to urban air pollution using travel

  8. Comparison of vehicle travel times and measurement techniques along the I-35 corridor in San Antonio, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrier, Pete James

    1999-01-01

    The floating car method of travel time data collection has been used since the 1920's to evaluate transportation issues such as congestion management and freeway operation. However, this technique can be time consuming, labor intensive...

  9. Spatiotemporal learning and geo-visualization methods for constructing activity-travel patterns from transit card transaction data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    The study of human activity-travel patterns for transportation demand forecast has evolved a long way in theories, methodologies and applications. However, the scarcity of data has become a major barrier for the advancement ...

  10. Balancing China's Seasonal Intercity Travel Demand: Alternatives for Freight Rail Expansion to Reduce Seasonal Passenger Rail Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Lingling

    2013-12-31

    overwhelmedintercity transportation systems, particularly passenger rail. This transportation problem has emerged due to spatial economic imbalance: workers have had to travel betweentheir homes in rural hinterlands to factory jobs on the industrial coast, which had...

  11. Vijayanagara in foreign eyes : a study of travel literature and ethnology in the Renaissance (1420-1600)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubies I Mirabet, Joan Pau

    1992-01-28

    This dissertation attempts to understand the formation and transmission of images of non-European societies during the Renaissance from a case-study. An introductory chapter explains travel literature as a genre, and establishes its general...

  12. versionCite as: Christoph Sommer, Robert Krul, Reinhard German and Falko Dressler, "Emissions vs. Travel Time: Simulative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breu, Ruth

    superseded by conference versionCite as: Christoph Sommer, Robert Krul, Reinhard German and Falko vs. Travel Time: Simulative Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of ITS Christoph Sommer, Robert und Kommunikationssysteme Christoph Sommer, Robert Krul, Reinhard German and Falko Dressler

  13. Utilizing automatically collected data to infer travel behavior : a case study of the East London Line extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhs, Kevin J. (Kevin Joseph)

    2012-01-01

    Utilizing automatically collected data sources, this research strengthens the understanding of changes in user travel behavior caused by the introduction of the extended East London Line (ELL) into London's public ...

  14. By Community or Design? Age-restricted Neighbourhoods, Physical Design and Baby Boomers' Local Travel Behaviour in Suburban Boston, US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zegras, P. Christopher

    This article analyses the travel behaviour, residential choices and related preferences of 55+ baby boomers in suburban Boston, USA, looking specifically at age-restricted neighbourhoods. For this highly auto-dependent ...

  15. Al-Rihla and Curriculum Theory: A Qualitative Comparative Study of Contemporary and Historical Muslim Travelers in Search of Knowledge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Methal R.

    2012-07-16

    The purpose of this interdisciplinary study was to explore the experiences of al-rihla of International Muslim Graduate Students and to compare them to those of the Medieval Muslim Travelers. This qualitative study expands ...

  16. Final Report Phase I Study to Characterize the Market Potential for Non-Motorized Travel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [Macrosys; Wilson, Daniel W [ORNL; Schmoyer, Richard L [ORNL

    2012-06-01

    The idea of livable communities suggests that people should have the option to utilize non-motorized travel (NMT), specifically walking and bicycling, to conduct their daily tasks. Forecasting personal travel by walk and bike is necessary as part of regional transportation planning, and requires fine detail not only about individual travel, but also on transportation and neighborhood infrastructure. In an attempt to characterize the 'market' potential for NMT, the Office of Planning, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) funded the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to conduct a study. The objectives of this effort were to identify factors that influence communities to walk and bike and to examine why, or why not, travelers walk and bike in their communities. This study relied on information collected under the 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) as the major source of data, and was supplemented with data from the American Community Survey (ACS), educational survey, health, employment, and others. Initial statistical screening methods were applied to sort through over 400 potential predictor variables, and examined with various measures (e.g., walk trip per person, walk mileage per person, bike trip per person, bike mileage per person) as the dependent variables. The best geographic level of detail used in the modeling for this study was determined to be the Census block group level for walking and Census tract level for biking. The need for additional supplemental private data (i.e., Walk Scores and Nielsen employment data), and geospatial information that reflects land use and physical environments, became evident after an examination of findings from the initial screening models. To be feasible, in terms of costs and time, the geographic scale of the study region was scaled down to nine selected NHTS add-on regions. These regions were chosen based on various criteria including transit availability, population size, and a mix of geographic locations across the nation. Given the similarities in modeling results from walk trips and walk mileages, additional modeling efforts conducted under the later part of this study were focused on walk trips per person. Bike models were limited only with the stepwise logistic models using Census tracts in the selected regions. Due to NHTS sampling limitations, only about 12% of these tracts have bike trips recorded from NHTS sampled households. The modeling with NHTS bike data proved to be more challenging and time consuming than what was anticipated. Along with the late arrival of Nielsen employment data, the project team had to limit the modeling effort to focus on walking. Therefore, the final modeling and discriminant analysis was conducted only for walking trips.

  17. Average M shell fluorescence yields for elements with 70?Z?92

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahoul, A.; Deghfel, B.; Aylikci, V.; Aylikci, N. K.; Nekkab, M.

    2015-03-30

    The theoretical, experimental and analytical methods for the calculation of average M-shell fluorescence yield (?{sup ¯}{sub M}) of different elements are very important because of the large number of their applications in various areas of physical chemistry and medical research. In this paper, the bulk of the average M-shell fluorescence yield measurements reported in the literature, covering the period 1955 to 2005 are interpolated by using an analytical function to deduce the empirical average M-shell fluorescence yield in the atomic range of 70?Z?92. The results were compared with the theoretical and fitted values reported by other authors. Reasonable agreement was typically obtained between our result and other works.

  18. Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strohaber, J.; Kolomenskii, A. A.; Schuessler, H. A.

    2010-07-15

    We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call this technique a multiphoton expansion (MPE). The MPE formalism was verified with an exactly solvable inversion problem in two dimensions, and probabilities in the postsaturation region, where the intensity-selective scanning approach breaks down, were recovered. In three dimensions, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the Ammosov-Delone-Krainov tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene-ion yields, which show a resonant multiphoton ionization process. By applying MPE to this data (which were artificially averaged), the resonant structure was recovered, which suggests that the resonance in benzene may have been observed in spatially averaged data taken elsewhere.

  19. Comparison of average and point capillary pressure-saturation functions determined by steady-state centrifugation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cropper, Clark; Perfect, Edmund; van den Berg, Dr. Elmer; Mayes, Melanie

    2010-01-01

    The capillary pressure-saturation function can be determined from centrifuge drainage experiments. In soil physics, the data resulting from such experiments are usually analyzed by the 'averaging method.' In this approach, average relative saturation, , is expressed as a function of average capillary pressure, <{psi}>, i.e., (<{psi}>). In contrast, the capillary pressure-saturation function at a physical point, i.e., S({psi}), has been extracted from similar experiments in petrophysics using the 'integral method.' The purpose of this study was to introduce the integral method applied to centrifuge experiments to a soil physics audience and to compare S({psi}) and (<{psi}>) functions, as parameterized by the Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten equations, for 18 samples drawn from a range of porous media (i.e., Berea sandstone, glass beads, and Hanford sediments). Steady-state centrifuge experiments were performed on preconsolidated samples with a URC-628 Ultra-Rock Core centrifuge. The angular velocity and outflow data sets were then analyzed using both the averaging and integral methods. The results show that the averaging method smoothes out the drainage process, yielding less steep capillary pressure-saturation functions relative to the corresponding point-based curves. Maximum deviations in saturation between the two methods ranged from 0.08 to 0.28 and generally occurred at low suctions. These discrepancies can lead to inaccurate predictions of other hydraulic properties such as the relative permeability function. Therefore, we strongly recommend use of the integral method instead of the averaging method when determining the capillary pressure-saturation function by steady-state centrifugation. This method can be successfully implemented using either the van Genuchten or Brooks-Corey functions, although the latter provides a more physically precise description of air entry at a physical point.

  20. Note on an integral expression for the average lifetime of the bound state in 2D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorsten Prustel; Martin Meier-Schellersheim

    2012-10-04

    Recently, an exact Green's function of the diffusion equation for a pair of spherical interacting particles in two dimensions subject to a backreaction boundary condition was used to derive an exact expression for the average lifetime of the bound state. Here, we show that the corresponding divergent integral may be considered as the formal limit of a Stieltjes transform. Upon analytically calculating the Stieltjes transform one can obtain an exact expression for the finite part of the divergent integral and hence for the average lifetime.