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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Fact #612: March 1, 2010 The Distance of Trips to Work  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The recently released Nationwide Household Travel Survey shows that nearly 60% of work trips are 10 miles or less in distance. Only 9% of work trips are over 30 miles. The average work trip...

2

Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

According to the latest National Household Travel Survey, the average trip length grew to over 10 miles in 2009, just slightly over the 9.9 mile average in 2001. Trips to work in 2009 increased to...

3

Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The average trip length (one-way) is 9.7 miles according to the 2009 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey. Trip lengths vary by the purpose of the trip. Shopping and family/personal business...

4

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: March 22, 5: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length on AddThis.com... Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length According to the latest National Household Travel Survey, the average trip

5

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: May 21, 2012 8: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #728: May 21, 2012 Average Trip Length is Less Than Ten Miles on AddThis.com...

6

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip December 26, 2003 - January 3, 2004 By Saul Wilson #12;A New Years Trip 7 INTRODUCTION #12;A New Years Trip 8 rom December 26, 2003 to January 3, 2004 my dad and I

Wilson, W. Stephen

7

School Trips in Autumn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Autumn in Autumn Nature Bulletin No. 465-A October 7, 1972 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation SCHOOL TRIPS IN AUTUMN Autumn is an ideal season for classrooms out-of-doors, when teachers and their pupils enjoy and learn from trips to convenient natural areas such as our forest preserves. The days are usually sunny, the air is cool and invigorating, the fields and woodlands are clothed with tapestries of rich colors, the birds are flocking southward, and it is harvest time in all the land. Field trips, now or at any time in the school year, make real and vivid those subjects studied in the classroom and its textbooks. On field trips, teachers and youngsters explore and discover together. They employ all five senses: they see, hear, smell, taste and feel. Such learning, by the most natural and enjoyable process, is rapid and sticks with them. Inevitably, a field trip will yield a fund of unforgettable experiences and a wealth of specimens for the classroom or pupils' own collections.

8

Groceries trip triclosan switch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Triclosan interferes with an enzyme crucial to the growth of bacteria. But it also trips ... host of unwanted chemicals. "It's a bacterium's vomit response," explains Gilbert. Triclosan opponents such as Levy are unconvinced. "I don't see a health relevance to ...

Tom Clarke

2001-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

9

Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator November 19, 2012 - 9:51am Addthis Save...

10

Trip rate comparison of workplace and household surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Available vs. Trip Rate) 14 El Paso Household Survey (Household Income vs. Trip Rate) . 15 El Paso Workplace Survey (Household Income vs. Trip Rate) . 52 52 53 53 54 54 16 BPA Household Survey (Household Size vs. Trip Rate) . . 17 BPA Workplace... Survey (Household Size vs. Trip Rate) . . 56 56 18 BPA Household Survey (No. of Employees vs. Trip Rate) . . 19 BPA Workplace Survey (No. of Employees vs. Trip Rate) . . 20 BPA Household Survey (Vehicles Available vs. Trip Rate) . . 21 BPA Workplace...

Endres, Stephen Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

11

Student Groups Abroad: Trip Leader Handbook Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;1 Student Groups Abroad: Trip Leader Handbook Introduction This handbook is intended undergraduate and graduate students. The guidelines included in this handbook also apply to such trips. Examples Student club/organization events If you are leading a trip that does not fit any of the above models

12

Seeking Mountains Field Trip Jasper National Park  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seeking Mountains Field Trip Jasper National Park December 14-15, 2012 Jasper National Park of Jasper is one of only four communities located in a Canadian national park. We have arranged a special. The field trip includes as follows: a welcome reception at the Jasper Yellowhead Museum and Archives

MacMillan, Andrew

13

Workshops and Field Trips for Teachers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshops and Field Trips for Teachers Workshops and Field Trips for Teachers Nature Bulletin No. 534-A Septmeber 7, 1974 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WORKSHOPS AND FIELD TRIPS FOR TEACHERS The Forest Preserve District, as a part of the educational program conducted by its Department of Conservation, again is offering a series of three-day workshops and another of one-day field trips, during this school year, for teachers in the schools of Chicago and suburban Cook County. Only a few decades ago, most Illinois people resided on farms or in small towns. They lived close to the soil. From childhood they had been so familiar with the out-of-doors that special schooling in ecology, plant life, wildlife and land management seemed superfluous.

14

My Trip to Mongolia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

My Trip to Mongolia My Trip to Mongolia My Trip to Mongolia September 29, 2010 - 10:37am Addthis Deputy Secretary Poneman meets with Mongolia’s Foreign Minister to discuss energy issues. Deputy Secretary Poneman meets with Mongolia's Foreign Minister to discuss energy issues. Daniel B. Poneman Daniel B. Poneman Deputy Secretary of Energy Last week, I traveled to Mongolia to discuss our shared energy challenges and our shared energy opportunities. The United States and Mongolia enjoy a warm friendship and deepening ties in a number of areas, including energy. The United States is committed to supporting the government and people of Mongolia as they continue to democratize. Although half a world apart, the United States and Mongolia share some common energy features: both our

15

PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) More Documents & Publications PIA - INL PeopleSoft - Human Resource System Manchester Software 1099 Reporting PIA, Idaho...

16

September 17, 2010 SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS PREVENTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and in an effort to reduce slips, trips and falls we offer the following "best practices" to consider: Be aware Environmental Services for immediate assistance Routinely check for loose power cords and cables; make Environmental Health and Safety 734-3673 Environmental Services 734-3425 Employee Health Services 734

Leistikow, Bruce N.

17

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Average Residential Price Residential Price - Local Distribution Companies Residential Price - Marketers Residential % Sold by Local Distribution Companies Average...

18

Revealing cyclic hardening mechanism of a TRIP steel by real-time in situ neutron diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Real-time in situ neutron diffraction was performed on a transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steel under cyclic loading at room temperature. By Rietveld refinement and single peak analysis, the volume fraction and average stress estimates as well as dislocation density of individual phases (austenite and martensite phase) were derived. The results reveal that the volume fraction of martensite phase, instead of individual phase strengthening, should be accounted for the remarkable secondary cyclic hardening.

Yu, Dunji [ORNL; An, Ke [ORNL; Chen, Yan [ORNL; Chen, Xu [Tianjin UNiversity, China

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Hunton Group core workshop and field trip  

SciTech Connect

The Late Ordovician-Silurian-Devonian Hunton Group is a moderately thick sequence of shallow-marine carbonates deposited on the south edge of the North American craton. This rock unit is a major target for petroleum exploration and reservoir development in the southern Midcontinent. The workshop described here was held to display cores, outcrop samples, and other reservoir-characterization studies of the Hunton Group and equivalent strata throughout the region. A field trip was organized to complement the workshop by allowing examination of excellent outcrops of the Hunton Group of the Arbuckle Mountains.

Johnson, K.S. [ed.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

School Trips & Projects in Spring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Projects in Spring & Projects in Spring Nature Bulletin No. 484 March 9, 1957 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist SCHOOL TRIPS & PROJECTS IN SPRINg Spring is the morning of the year when nature reawakens. The days become noticeably longer and warmer. We feel an urge to get out-of- doors and see green growing plants, early wildflowers, and swelling buds on trees and shrubs; see and hear birds returning from their winter homes; hear the mating songs of frogs and toads. The nearest forest preserve, park, meadow or hedgerow -- even a city street or weedy vacant lot -- will have a wealth of plant and animal life. March is a chancy month for field trips but spring can be perking in a classroom before many signs of it appear outdoors. One twig of a forsythia bush, placed in a bottle of water, will soon display its yellow flowers; willow and aspen twigs will develop fat fuzzy catkins; the end of branches from cottonwood, soft maple and elm trees will reveal how some of their winter buds produce flowers and others burst into leaves. The long reddish catkins on a male cottonwood are showy but the small flowers of a maple or an elm are no less beautiful, although seldom noticed on the trees.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Unimodular Gravity and Averaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of the averaging of inhomogeneous spacetimes in cosmology is important for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. In this paper we suggest a conceptually simpler approach to averaging in cosmology based on the averaging of scalars within unimodular gravity. As an illustration, we consider the example of an exact spherically symmetric dust model, and show that within this approach averaging introduces correlations (corrections) to the effective dynamical evolution equation in the form of a spatial curvature term.

A. Coley; J. Brannlund; J. Latta

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

22

HFAG Charm Mixing Averages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently the first evidence for charm mixing has been reported by several experiments. To provide averages of these mixing results and other charm results, a new subgroup of the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group has been formed. We here report on the method and results of averaging the charm mixing results.

B. Aa. Petersen

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

23

Northwest Geological Society Society Field Trips in Pacific Northwest Geology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through the Western Channeled Scablands June 21-22 2008 Bruce Bjornstad #12;This field trip guide has been - 22 2008 Bruce Bjornstad Dry Falls and the Lower Grand Coulee #12;Introduction Ice Age floods were Age flood features is repro- duced from a previous field trips (Bjornstad 2004; Kiver and Bjornstad

24

Dynamic Traffic Assignment Incorporating Commuters Trip Chaining Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT INCORPORATING COMMUTERS TRIP CHAINING BEHAVIOR A Thesis by WEN WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2011 Major Subject: Civil Engineering Dynamic Traffic Assignment Incorporating Commuters Trip Chaining Behavior Copyright 2011 Wen Wang DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT...

Wang, Wen

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

25

China Trip Report May 7-21, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 China Trip Report May 7-21, 2012 Dr. Cathy Meschievitz Director, Office of International Programs Dean of College of A&L) toured China on university business for two weeks May 7-21, 2012. The trip had three main purposes: (1) Visit selected universities and colleges in China to explore partnership

Fernandez, Eduardo

26

A novel fast distance relay for long transmission lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The measuring accuracy and the measurement stability of conventional distance relay will be influenced by complex and remarkable harmonic components due to the large capacitance of the line when it is used for a long line. Correspondingly, the tripping speed will be delayed to some extent. To solve this problem, a fast distance relay for long transmission lines is presented, which is on the basis of the differential equation algorithm using ? transmission line model and the theory of Equal Transfer Process of Transmission Lines (ETPTL). The shortcomings of ? model differential equation algorithm due to the impact of high frequency components can be overcome by using a low-pass filter. The problem resulting from the difference between the transfer feature of the voltages used by the distance protection and that of the currents due to the transient characteristic of coupling capacitor voltage transformers (CCVT) can be solved by using virtual digital CCVT. Then, the new distance relay can trip quickly by re-structuring the voltage at the fault point and iterative calculations. A variety of ATP simulation tests show that the new relay has fast tripping speed and high reliability when applied to the long transmission lines.

Minghao Wen; Deshu Chen; Xianggen Yin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Tacticycle A Tactile Display for Supporting Tourists on a Bicycle Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tacticycle ­ A Tactile Display for Supporting Tourists on a Bicycle Trip Benjamin Poppinga, Martin, tourists, exploration, bicycle 1. BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Going on a bicycle trip is a common leisure for bicycles used in touristic trips. Figure 1: A group of tourists on a bicycle trip on an island. In order

Boll, Susanne

28

Energy Secretary Chu Trip to Kokomo, Indiana Cancelled | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kokomo, Indiana Cancelled Energy Secretary Chu Trip to Kokomo, Indiana Cancelled July 16, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington D.C. - The event today on Friday, July 16 with Energy...

29

Join HERO for an overnight trip to Portland Oregon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

no later than March 7. The discount code is HER for the HERO Basketball Trip Guestroom Block. Call or e-mail Fred Kelm, 372-1947or FredieRKelm@rl.gov to reserve and pay...

30

Spherical averages and applications to spherical splines and interpolation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces a method for computing weighted averages on spheres based on least squares minimization that respects spherical distance. We prove existence and uniqueness properties of the weighted averages, and give fast iterative algorithms ... Keywords: Bzier curve, B-spline, barycentric coordinates, least squares minimization, quaternion interpolation, quaternions, spherical average, spherical interpolation, spherical mean, spline curve, spline interpolation

Samuel R. Buss; Jay P. Fillmore

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Causal models of trip replanning in TravTek  

SciTech Connect

The TravTek operational field test was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of route planning, route guidance and various navigational aiding modalities for Advanced Traveler Information Systems in ground vehicles. A causal network was constructed in order to achieve a better understanding of the dependencies among variables implicated in the replanning process. Causal inferences were modeled using path analysis techniques. The original Yoked Driver study reported that addition of real-time navigation planning did not increase trip efficiency during initial trip planning. Data mining of the relatively complete database revealed that the incidence of dynamic trip replanning was only 0.51% or 1 out of every 198 trips. Nevertheless, the replanning acceptance rate was 92.8%, suggesting that less conservative criteria might have been acceptable to drivers. Several points can be made based upon the path analysis techniques. Drivers who rejected better route offers were more likely to be male renters; rejected routes were apparently offered at earlier times with a lower predicted time savings and fewer maneuvers. Failure to accept a better route also apparently resulted in fewer wrong-turn deviations. Contrary to expectations, wrong-turn count and time loss appeared as semi-independent hubs in the resultant causal network. Implications of the path analysis are discussed. Proposals for in-vehicle information systems are formulated to increase driver participation as co-planner, and increase the likelihood that trip replanning will positively impact trip efficiency.

Schryver, J.C.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

average | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average average Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

33

UVM Outing Club Trip Logistics Planner All leadership teams taking out Outing Club trips need to complete this form. This is a working  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UVM Outing Club Trip Logistics Planner All leadership teams taking out Outing Club trips need. Completed and detailed trip logistics planner 2. Copies of all participant AND leader medical forms 3? Copies of medical forms nad logistics planner? Picked up Purchase Orders, Gas Card, and Petty Cash? Food

Hayden, Nancy J.

34

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

74 74 Number of trips 399 Distance traveled (mi) 148 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 73% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 6.3 Average Stops per mile 35.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 11% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 423 Number of trips 27 Distance traveled (mi) 54 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 27% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.0 Average Driving Speed (mph) 20.7 Average Stops per mile 3.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 0 Number of trips 0 Distance traveled (mi) 0 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.0 Average Driving Speed (mph)

35

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 493 Distance traveled (mi) 189 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 38% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 4.9 Average Stops per mile 28.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 377 Number of trips 67 Distance traveled (mi) 275 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 56% Average Trip Distance (mi) 4.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 17.9 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 438 Number of trips 1 Distance traveled (mi) 29 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 28.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

36

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

505 505 Number of trips 601 Distance traveled (mi) 245 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 62% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.4 Average Stops per mile 34.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 373 Number of trips 35 Distance traveled (mi) 124 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 31% Average Trip Distance (mi) 3.5 Average Driving Speed (mph) 23.0 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 319 Number of trips 3 Distance traveled (mi) 25 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 8.5 Average Driving Speed (mph)

37

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

613 613 Number of trips 89 Distance traveled (mi) 9 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 30% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 7.0 Average Stops per mile 44.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 9% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 8 Distance traveled (mi) 5 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 16% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.6 Average Driving Speed (mph) 25.0 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 6% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 7 Distance traveled (mi) 16 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 54% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.3 Average Driving Speed (mph)

38

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 1,610 Distance traveled (mi) 372 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 72% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.2 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.2 Average Stops per mile 32.1 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 383 Number of trips 114 Distance traveled (mi) 144 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 28% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.3 Average Driving Speed (mph) 18.3 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 16% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 549 Number of trips 5 Distance traveled (mi) 2 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph)

39

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

530 530 Number of trips 1,308 Distance traveled (mi) 495 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 69% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.6 Average Stops per mile 31.4 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 471 Number of trips 91 Distance traveled (mi) 175 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 24% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.9 Average Driving Speed (mph) 16.6 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 357 Number of trips 2 Distance traveled (mi) 49 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 7% Average Trip Distance (mi) 24.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

40

7Tracking a Sea Turtle from a Satellite Day Number Latitude Longitude Distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7Tracking a Sea Turtle from a Satellite Day Number Latitude Longitude Distance (km) 1 0 +5o North in the table above to track the sea turtle from the start of its journey to its end. Use your map to answer these questions: Question 1 - In what part of the world did it begin its trip? Question 2 - Where did the turtle

Christian, Eric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to Holland, Michigan Gov. Granholm, Administration Officials to Preview the President's Trip to Holland, Michigan July 14, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON- Today at 4:00 p.m. EDT, Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm, White House Communications Director Dan Pfeiffer, and Matt Rogers, Senior Advisor to Energy Secretary Chu, will hold a press conference call ahead of the President's trip to Holland, MI, for the official groundbreaking of the new Compact Power plant. As part of the call, they will preview a new Department of Energy report to be released on Thursday that details how Recovery Act investments are creating jobs and helping to build the domestic advanced battery and electric vehicle industry from the ground

42

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 February 25, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu was in Doha, Qatar, where he began the day by signing a Memorandum of Understanding on Renewable and Alternative Energy with Deputy Prime Minister and Energy & Industry Minister Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah. The agreement provides a framework for bilateral cooperation with the Ministry and other Qatari institutions on clean energy innovation. He then met with Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani. In the afternoon, the Secretary participated in a roundtable focused on renewable energy, hosted by the Qatar National Food Security Program. He then traveled to the Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) where he

43

Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction Programs for Greenhouse Gas Profile Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction Programs for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 2:19pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, success can be measured by employee awareness and use of commuting alternatives and trip-reduction efforts. Efforts include guaranteed ride home programs, and showers for walkers and bicyclists. Low use or awareness of an option, combined with a high willingness to use an option, such as teleworking, may suggest the need to improve communications about available alternatives. Next Steps For evaluating a GHG emissions profile for employee commuting, also learn

44

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

45

Americans' Average Radiation Exposure  

SciTech Connect

We live with radiation every day. We receive radiation exposures from cosmic rays, from outer space, from radon gas, and from other naturally radioactive elements in the earth. This is called natural background radiation. It includes the radiation we get from plants, animals, and from our own bodies. We also are exposed to man-made sources of radiation, including medical and dental treatments, television sets and emission from coal-fired power plants. Generally, radiation exposures from man-made sources are only a fraction of those received from natural sources. One exception is high exposures used by doctors to treat cancer patients. Each year in the United States, the average dose to people from natural and man-made radiation sources is about 360 millirem. A millirem is an extremely tiny amount of energy absorbed by tissues in the body.

NA

2000-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

46

Logistic regression models for predicting trip reporting accuracy in GPS-enhanced household travel surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a methodology for conducting logistic regression modeling of trip and household information obtained from household travel surveys and vehicle trip information obtained from global positioning systems (GPS) to better understand...

Forrest, Timothy Lee

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Computational-based Approach for the Design of Trip Steels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to optimize the chemical composition as well as the heat treatment for improving the mechanical performance of the TRIP steel by employing the theoretical models. TRIP steel consists of the microstructure with ferrite...

Li, Sheng-Yen

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am...

49

SWAMP Project Trip report Quantification of Carbon Stocks and Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SWAMP Project Trip report Quantification of Carbon Stocks and Emissions from the Mangrove Forests University Corvallis, Oregon, USA. #12;2 1. Introduction Funding for this project came from a grant, Washington DC. This intensive study is part of the Sustainable Wetlands Adaptation and Mitigation Program

Tullos, Desiree

50

Usage Codes Observer code Vessel code Trip ID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usage Codes 1 5 2 6 3 7 4 8 Observer code Vessel code Trip ID Permit holder name/address Permit / N MMSI No. Y / N Present? Usage Water capacity (m3): Fuel capacity: m3 / tonnes Other: Other: Kw all that apply & note types of materials for each) Capacity: Usage Incinerator: Net mensuration Y / N

51

Usage Codes Observer code Vessel code Trip ID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usage Codes 1 5 2 6 3 7 4 8 Sonar Observer code Vessel code Trip ID Additional Information KHz: RPM / Other _______________Global Registry ID:MMSI No. Permit expiration (dd-mm- yy): Y / N Present? Usage contact Diver / dive equipment Usage Manufacturer Hull mounted / towed Catch Y / N Other: Y / N Y / NOther

52

FALL 2012 TRIPS SEPT. 8 (Saturday) HIKE & SPLASH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

County. We have reserved the whole campground, so it should be a fun time. We will get there in time (Saturday) ( Beginner ­ Advanced) CLIMBING Kings Bluff, TN $22 Sign-up by: Friday, Sept. 14 Pre-Trip Meeting: Wednesday, 9/19 at 5:00 PM Wall climbers, it's time to try the "real thing"! Kings Bluff is a great location

Bordenstein, Seth

53

SAFETY TRIP REPORT ON US-JAPAN EXCHANGE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAFETY TRIP REPORT ON US-JAPAN EXCHANGE PROGRAM (FuY 2007) #12;Report on the 12th Meeting of the Joint Working Group of the U.S.-Japan Coordinating Committee of Fusion Energy on Safety in Inter-Institutional Collaborations (U.S.-Japan Safety Monitoring Program) Meeting in Japan, March 9-22, 2008 #12;A. PURPOSE

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

54

Control #15421 In this paper we present a method of optimally scheduling trips travelling down  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control #15421 SUMMARY In this paper we present a method of optimally scheduling trips travelling of trips as parameters and generates a schedule that maximizes the number of trips and determines when each schedule in which human interactions are minimized. Starting with a mathematically derived upper bound

Morrow, James A.

55

Understanding tourists on a bicycle trip "in the wild" Martin Pielot, Benjamin Poppinga  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding tourists on a bicycle trip "in the wild" Martin Pielot, Benjamin Poppinga OFFIS the requirements analysis by con- ducting a survey and a field study to understand tourists on a bicycle trip. Both work we designed a pervasive navigation aid for tourists on a bicycle trip. At first, we aimed

Boll, Susanne

56

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' June 10, 2011 - 2:05pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu wrapped up his week-long visit in Russia today with a special visit to the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Many consider it to be the Russian equivalent of our Los Alamos National Laboratory. VNIIEF, located in Sarov, has a long scientific tradition in Russia, beginning when it was established in 1946 to design nuclear weapons. It's also where the first Soviet nuclear bomb, the "RDS-1," was created.

57

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' June 10, 2011 - 2:05pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu wrapped up his week-long visit in Russia today with a special visit to the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Many consider it to be the Russian equivalent of our Los Alamos National Laboratory. VNIIEF, located in Sarov, has a long scientific tradition in Russia, beginning when it was established in 1946 to design nuclear weapons. It's also where the first Soviet nuclear bomb, the "RDS-1," was created.

58

Viscosity-average molecular weight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n .... An averaged molecular weight for high polymers that relates most closely to measurements of dilute-solution viscosities ...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - america field trip Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tour 2012 You have heard of the immense biodiversity of Central America... banding and ecotourism activities. After travel to Nicaragua, the trip will start off in Finca de...

60

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Trip Prediction and Route-Based Vehicle Energy Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about trip prediction...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect foraging-trip duration Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with mean foraging... ;Thompson et al. 1045 1998 NRC Canada foraging-trip duration (Boyd et al. 1994), it is not clear whether... foraging within traditional foraging areas....

62

Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

63

Testing the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model independent method to test the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age, assuming the distance duality relation. We use type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, and observational Hubble data, to reconstruct the luminosity distance D_L(z), the angle averaged distance D_V(z) and the Hubble rate H(z), using Gaussian processes regression technique. We obtain estimate of the distance duality relation in the redshift range 0.1

Nair, Remya; Jain, Deepak

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

IMPROVING THE ROBUSTNESS OF FUZZY LOGIC ATM ABR RATE CONTROL FOR LARGE ROUND TRIP TIMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPROVING THE ROBUSTNESS OF FUZZY LOGIC ATM ABR RATE CONTROL FOR LARGE ROUND TRIP TIMES Lachlan L in the presence of a large round trip time (RTT). A simple fuzzy logic controller was recently shown to perform. In recent years, fuzzy logic [4,5] has shown promise in the control of complex systems, and several fuzzy

Andrew, Lachlan

65

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metrics. Researchers have shown that flight-based metrics do not accurately reflect the passenger trip by a combination of different factors such as traffic volume and weather condition, disruptions (flight delays shown that flight-based performance metrics do not accurately reflect the passenger trip experience [3

66

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

Suzuki, Masatsugu

67

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

68

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thursday, February 25 Thursday, February 25 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February 25 February 25, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu was in Doha, Qatar, where he began the day by signing a Memorandum of Understanding on Renewable and Alternative Energy with Deputy Prime Minister and Energy & Industry Minister Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah. The agreement provides a framework for bilateral cooperation with the Ministry and other Qatari institutions on clean energy innovation. He then met with Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani. In the afternoon, the Secretary participated in a roundtable focused on renewable energy, hosted by the Qatar National Food Security Program. He then traveled to the Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) where he

69

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tuesday, February 23 Tuesday, February 23 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 February 23, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu visited King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea coast near Jeddah. His host was Saudi Minister of Petroleum and Minerals Ali Al Naimi, who is Chair of the KAUST Board of Trustees. KAUST is an international, graduate-level research university dedicated to science and technology that opened in September of 2009. The Secretary received a briefing on scientific work underway at the university from Professor Choon Fong Shih, President of KAUST, faculty members and students. Secretary Chu emphasized the Administration's commitment to science and to the development of renewable sources of energy. He quizzed members of the

70

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Wednesday, February 24 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wednesday, February 24 Wednesday, February 24 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Wednesday, February 24 February 24, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu was in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, where he affirmed the commitment of the United States to building a close relationship with the UAE on clean energy issues. He began the day with a meeting with the Minister of Energy for UAE, Mohammed bin Dha'en el Hamili. He then signed an Implementing Agreement on nuclear energy and nonproliferation with UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Dr. Anwar Gargash. The Secretary traveled to the offices of the Masdar Initiative to discuss the work the initiative is doing to diversify the UAE economy and develop global leadership in alternative energy. He was hosted by Dr.

71

West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................ 102.88 93.42 92.24 87.96 94.34 94.10 105.84 96.30 95.67 95.33 95.67 93.33 94.12 97.64 95.00 Brent Spot Average ........................................................... 118.49 108.42 109.61 110.09 112.49 102.58 110.27 108.29 106.33 105.00 103.00 102.00 111.65 108.41 104.08 Imported Average .............................................................. 108.14 101.18 97.18 97.64 98.71 97.39 103.07 100.03 99.64 99.33 99.69 97.35 101.09 99.85 99.04 Refiner Average Acquisition Cost ...................................... 107.61 101.44 97.38 97.27 101.14 99.45 105.24 100.44 100.15 99.82 100.18 97.83 100.83 101.61 99.50 Liquid Fuels (cents per gallon) Refiner Prices for Resale Gasoline .........................................................................

72

Visibility Distance of Pedestrians  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... actual experiment the distance at which the driver of a motor vehicle can see a pedestrian who is walking along the side of a highway at night. The tests are ... Inst., March). The principal conclusions arrived at are that the visibility of a pedestrian walking along a highway at night is increased by roughly 50 per cent by showing ...

1935-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

73

Early embryonic lethality caused by targeted disruption of the TRAF-interacting protein (TRIP) gene  

SciTech Connect

Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factors (TRAFs) are key adaptor molecules in the TNFR-signaling complexes that promote a wide variety of signaling cascades including cell proliferation, activation, differentiation, and apoptosis. TRAF-interacting protein (TRIP) is required for the inhibitory regulation of TNF-induced NF-{kappa}B signaling via the TNFR/TRAF-signaling complexes in vitro. TRIP also directly interacts with the familial cylindromatosis tumor suppressor gene (CYLD) and negatively regulates NF-{kappa}B activation in vitro. However, although there appears to be a relationship between TRIP, the TRAFs and also CYLD as modulators of NF-{kappa}B signaling in vitro, the functional role of TRIP in vivo is still unclear. To identify the role of TRIP in vivo, we have generated TRIP-deficient mice. Homozygous mouse embryos were found to die shortly after implantation due to proliferation defects and excessive cell death. These results indicate that TRIP is an essential factor during early mouse embryonic development in vivo.

Park, Eui-Soon; Choi, Seunga [Department of Microbiology and BK21 BioBC, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); RCTCP, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jin-Man [Department of Pathology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Yongsu [Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Choe, Joonho [Department of Biological Sciences, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Chang-Sik [RCTCP, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Yongwon [Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Rho, Jaerang [Department of Microbiology and BK21 BioBC, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); RCTCP, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: jrrho@cnu.ac.kr

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

Optimizing detector placement for isolated intersections based on minimizing average delay and number of stops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indicated that the cycle length increased as the Carryover and upstream detector setback distance increased. Secondly, the inverse relationship observed between average delay and number of stops was discussed for the tested scenarios. It was determined...

Hoppers, Kevin Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

DOE Solar Decathlon: Tuskegee University: Going the Distance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuskegee University house on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., during Solar Decathlon 2002. Tuskegee University house on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., during Solar Decathlon 2002. Enlarge image The Tuskegee Solar Decathlon team got its inspiration from traditional Southern architecture, which relies on passive cooling strategies such as the dogtrot, a central shaded breezeway that runs through the house. (Credit: Paul Norton/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: Tuskegee University What: Solar house Where: Tuskegee University 1200 W. Montgomery Road Tuskegee, AL 36088 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2002 Tuskegee University: Going the Distance Tuskegee University students successfully overcame funding and time limitations to make the trip to Washington, D.C., for the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2002. Now, with time back on its side, the

76

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington DC -- Energy Secretary Steven Chu will postpone a trip to China, scheduled for next week, at the request of President Obama and stay in the country to continue his work on response efforts to the BP oil spill. "Finding a solution to this crisis is a matter of national importance," Secretary Chu said. "I want to continue to play a role in assisting in the efforts and stopping this leak as soon as possible." Secretary Chu was originally scheduled to visit Beijing and Shanghai and discuss further progress on bilateral clean energy cooperation.

77

U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip November 20, 2005 - 2:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman concluded his four-nation swing through the Middle East this weekend, by attending the inauguration of the New Permanent Headquarter Office Building of the International Energy Forum (IEF) Secretariat and participating in a number of bilateral meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. "This trip allowed me to meet face-to-face with leaders of energy-producing nations and discuss with them the energy goals and needs of the United States," Secretary Bodman said. "Especially in the aftermath of the hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico this year, we recognize how important it

78

Microstructure-Based Computational Modeling of TRIP Steels with Dispersed Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this study. The ideas surrounding the behavior of transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steels and particle reinforced composites are combined and investigated. A finite element model (FEM) is created to investigate the effects of dispersed ceramic...

Diaz, Sara Cristina

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

79

Field trip guide to selected outcrops, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Arbuckle Mountains, named for Brigadier General Matthew Arbuckle, are located in south-central Oklahoma. The formations that comprise the Arbuckle Mountains have been extensively studied for hydrocarbon source rock and reservoir rock characteristics that can be applied to the subsurface in the adjacent Anadarko and Ardmore basins. Numerous reports and guidebooks have been written concerning the Arbuckle Mountains. A few important general publications are provided in the list of selected references. The purpose of this handout is to provide general information on the geology of the Arbuckle Mountains and specific information on the four field trip stops, adapted from the literature. The four stops were at: (1) Sooner Rock and Sand Quarry; (2) Woodford Shale; (3) Hunton Anticline and Hunton Quarry; and (4) Tar Sands of Sulfur Area. As part of this report, two papers are included for more detail: Paleomagnetic dating of basinal fluid migration, base-metal mineralization, and hydrocarbon maturation in the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma and Laminated black shale-bedded chert cyclicity in the Woodford Formation, southern Oklahoma.

NONE

1991-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

80

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Variable Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences Percent of Projections Over- Estimated Gross Domestic Product Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2) 1.0 42.6 Petroleum Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a) 35.2 18.6 Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b) 34.7 19.7 Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4) 6.2 66.5 Crude Oil Production (Table 5) 6.0 59.6 Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6) 13.3 67.0 Natural Gas Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Constant $) (Table 7a) 30.7 26.1 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Nominal $) (Table 7b) 30.0 27.1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (Table 8) 7.8 70.2 Natural Gas Production (Table 9) 7.1 66.0 Natural Gas Net Imports (Table 10) 29.3 69.7 Coal Coal Prices to Electric Generating Plants (Constant $)** (Table 11a)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DISTANCES TO DARK CLOUDS: COMPARING EXTINCTION DISTANCES TO MASER PARALLAX DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect

We test two different methods of using near-infrared extinction to estimate distances to dark clouds in the first quadrant of the Galaxy using large near-infrared (Two Micron All Sky Survey and UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey) surveys. Very long baseline interferometry parallax measurements of masers around massive young stars provide the most direct and bias-free measurement of the distance to these dark clouds. We compare the extinction distance estimates to these maser parallax distances. We also compare these distances to kinematic distances, including recent re-calibrations of the Galactic rotation curve. The extinction distance methods agree with the maser parallax distances (within the errors) between 66% and 100% of the time (depending on method and input survey) and between 85% and 100% of the time outside of the crowded Galactic center. Although the sample size is small, extinction distance methods reproduce maser parallax distances better than kinematic distances; furthermore, extinction distance methods do not suffer from the kinematic distance ambiguity. This validation gives us confidence that these extinction methods may be extended to additional dark clouds where maser parallaxes are not available.

Foster, Jonathan B.; Jackson, James M. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Stead, Joseph J.; Hoare, Melvin G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Benjamin, Robert A., E-mail: jbfoster@bu.edu, E-mail: jackson@bu.edu, E-mail: J.J.Stead@leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: mgh@ast.leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: benjamin@astro.wisc.edu [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

delivered costs of coal, by year and primary transport mode Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton) Average Delivered Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)...

83

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South America from NREL South America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

84

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America and the Carribean from NREL Central America and the Carribean from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

85

U.S. Secretary of Energy Concludes Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Successful Trip to Trinidad and Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago U.S. Secretary of Energy Concludes Successful Trip to Trinidad and Tobago May 13, 2008 - 12:00pm Addthis Visit continues bilateral efforts to advance energy security WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today concluded a visit to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago focused on strengthening and expanding the two nations' strategic energy and economic relationship. The United States is Trinidad and Tobago's largest market for liquefied natural gas (LNG), importing nearly 60 percent of the LNG exported from the country. As such, the country plays an integral role in advancing the Bush Administration's strategy to ensure safe, reliable, clean and diverse energy supplies in the United States. "The United States is proud of its relationship with a strong and open

86

Secretary Chu to Visit Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Google Headquarters During Trip to San Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco Secretary Chu to Visit Google Headquarters During Trip to San Francisco October 21, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - During a visit to San Francisco tomorrow, Friday, Oct. 22, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will visit Google, Inc. headquarters to participate in a fireside chat with company employees to discuss the Obama Administration's vision for a clean and renewable energy economy. While at Google, Secretary Chu will also participate in a series of briefings with company researchers and scientists to learn more about the company's innovative ventures in the energy sector. WHAT: U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu to participate in fireside chat at Google, Inc. WHEN: Friday, October 22, 2010

87

Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) Share Topic Energy Energy efficiency Vehicles Electric drive technology Browse By - Any - Energy -Energy efficiency --Vehicles ---Alternative fuels ---Automotive engineering ---Diesel ---Electric drive technology ---Hybrid & electric vehicles ---Powertrain research --Building design ---Construction --Manufacturing -Energy sources --Renewable energy ---Bioenergy ---Solar energy --Fossil fuels ---Natural Gas --Nuclear energy ---Nuclear energy modeling & simulation ---Nuclear fuel cycle ---Reactors -Energy usage --Energy storage ---Batteries ----Lithium-ion batteries ----Lithium-air batteries --Electricity transmission --Smart Grid Environment -Biology --Computational biology --Environmental biology

88

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Climbing the cosmological distance ladder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......knowledge of cosmological distance - towards redshift 1000! Humankind's efforts to measure the distances of the planets, stars...the epoch when matter and radiation finally decoupled at the end of the hot Big Bang phase. Apparently we have reached a precision......

Michael Rowan-Robinson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

2008 ITE Data Collection Project Proposal Project Type: Outdoor Sport Field Trip and Parking Generation Data Collection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008 ITE Data Collection Project Proposal Project Type: Outdoor Sport Field Trip and Parking Generation Data Collection The Portland State University ITE Chapter proposes to collect multimodal trip and parking generation data for an outdoor school sport field. This effort is intended to complement

Bertini, Robert L.

91

Yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency of heliostat surfaces  

SciTech Connect

An analytical expression for estimating the instantaneous usefulness efficiency of a heliostat surface is obtained. A systematic procedure is then introduced to calculate the usefulness efficiency even when overlapping of blocking and shadowing on a heliostat surface exist. For possible estimation of the reflected energy from a given field, the local yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency is calculated. This efficiency is found to depend on site latitude angle, radial distance from the tower measured in tower heights, heliostat position azimuth angle and the radial spacing between heliostats. Charts for the local yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency are presented for {phi} = 0, 15, 30, and 45 N. These charts can be used in calculating the reflected radiation from a given cell. Utilization of these charts is demonstrated.

Elsayed, M.M.; Habeebuallah, M.B.; Al-Rabghi, O.M. (King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah (Saudi Arabia))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8.2 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 157 Average Trip Distance 12.3 Total distance traveled (mi) 407,245 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 67.9 Electric...

93

Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Demonstration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

70.1 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 169 Average Trip Distance 12.3 Total distance traveled (mi) 2,817,365 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 62.4 Electric...

94

PORT LIONS RURAL TRIP 2010, A. KAILING & L. WOOD Who are you? We are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PORT LIONS RURAL TRIP 2010, A. KAILING & L. WOOD Who are you? We are graduate students to and accommodate them. What did you learn? We learned that the Native population in Port Lions are Alutiiq visited Port Lions, a small village on the Northwest coast of Kodiak Island. What did you do? Amanda

Pantaleone, Jim

95

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1" Bill Bottom 2 Alex Young 3 of conventional thermal (fossil fuel and nuclear), geo- thermal, wind and solar power plants. There are several be dependent on conventional thermal power plants to generate electricity. These power plants are powered

Standiford, Richard B.

96

Performance of Fuzzy Logic ABR Rate Control with Large Round Trip Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of Fuzzy Logic ABR Rate Control with Large Round Trip Times KUAN Su-Hsien and Lachlan L hip times (R`ITs), which can cause instability in control algorithms. A brief review of fuzzy logic of B recently pm- posed funy logic controller for ABR with a simple thresholdbased scheme in this case

Andrew, Lachlan

97

Field Trips Biosphere 2 ~ Where Science Lives! (9:30--4:00)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and their impacts on carbon, water, and energy cycling. The trip will continue to Oracle State Park (http, and sustainable ecosystem function provide additional topics for discussion. Traveling by van, our stops include), locations associated with the `virtual fence' SBInet, and the U.S. / Mexico border wall. We will also talk

98

Acceptance test procedure for removal of CS1K circuit switcher block and trip schemes  

SciTech Connect

This supporting document provides a detailed process to test the functions of the circuit switcher, protective relays, alarms, SCADA and 125VDC control logic of 115kV and 13.8kV systems at B3S4 substation following the removal of trip and blocking schemes to Transformer No.1 Circuit Switcher B594.

HACHE, J.M.

1999-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

99

Google+ Virtual Field Trip on Vehicle Electrification at Argonne National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Don't miss this exclusive peek into the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory. Attendees will meet three researchers who will explain a different phase of vehicle electrification research. This field trip is very similar to the tou

100

Two Trips to Gorilla Land and the Cataracts of the Congo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the public for so long the narrative of his trips to the Gaboon and the Congo. Moreover, as he says himself, Africa moves so slowly, that ten years makes ... the region with which it is concerned; the German African Society have taken up the Congo district as a point de dpart for the interior, and although the expedition sent ...

1875-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Sambhav Nepal On this trip, we will be working with Sambhav Nepal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sambhav Nepal On this trip, we will be working with Sambhav Nepal. Their current mission is to achieve grassroots reforms in educational and health infrastructure in the villages of Gorkha, Nepal, so is a government-run secondary school where you might be running classes. Sambhav Nepal has been running some

Blennerhassett, Peter

102

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SalinityAverage SalinityAverage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityAverage Property Type Number Description Mean average of the low and high end measurements of the salinity [ppm] of the fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C Coso Geothermal Area Pages using the property "SalinityAverage" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 975 + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 700 + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + 4300 + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 3500 + C Chena Geothermal Area + 325 + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + 6700 + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + 2295 + E East Mesa Geothermal Area + 3750 + G Geysers Geothermal Area + 217 + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + 18750 +

103

Regional averaging and scaling in relativistic cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Averaged inhomogeneous cosmologies lie at the forefront of interest, since cosmological parameters like the rate of expansion or the mass density are to be considered as volume-averaged quantities and only these can be compared with observations. For this reason the relevant parameters are intrinsically scale-dependent and one wishes to control this dependence without restricting the cosmological model by unphysical assumptions. In the latter respect we contrast our way to approach the averaging problem in relativistic cosmology with shortcomings of averaged Newtonian models. Explicitly, we investigate the scale-dependence of Eulerian volume averages of scalar functions on Riemannian three-manifolds. We propose a complementary view of a Lagrangian smoothing of (tensorial) variables as opposed to their Eulerian averaging on spatial domains. This program is realized with the help of a global Ricci deformation flow for the metric. We explain rigorously the origin of the Ricci flow which, on heuristic grounds, has already been suggested as a possible candidate for smoothing the initial data set for cosmological spacetimes. The smoothing of geometry implies a renormalization of averaged spatial variables. We discuss the results in terms of effective cosmological parameters that would be assigned to the smoothed cosmological spacetime.

Thomas Buchert; Mauro Carfora

2002-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

104

Commute trip reduction in Washington: Base year worksite characteristics and programs  

SciTech Connect

Employers in Washington`s eight most populous counties are engaged in an effort to reduce their employees` use of single occupant automobiles for commuting. This report documents the status of those employers at the beginning of the Commute Trip Reduction (CTR) program as a basis for evaluating the impacts of the program. The first section provides a brief exploration of the Washington CTR Law and a history of the first steps in its implementation. The second section presents a summary of the characteristics of the worksites affected by the law. The CTR Law calls for reductions in single occupant vehicle (SOV) commuting and in vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The third section of this report presents baseline measurements of SOV and VMT and goals for reducing them. The fourth section provides summary information on the first year of programs employers planned to implement. The final section very briefly outlines actions the Commute Trip Reduction law calls for between 1995 and 1999.

Dodds, D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

PAYMENT INFORMATION There are several fees that are part of participating in the DOC First Year Trips Program for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, provide organic cotton t-shirts for our participants, and use bio-diesel fuel for busses during Trips organic food during the program, provide organic cotton t-shirts for our participants, and use bio-diesel

Lotko, William

106

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" ,,"Choke","Average","Average","Fluid","Methanol","Water","Oil","Gas","Hyd. Eq.","Gas" ,"Choke","Setting","Upstream","Upstream","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery" "Date and Time","Setting","Duration","Pressure","Temp.","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Portion" "dd-mmm-yy","(64ths)","(hours)","(psia)","(degF)","(bfpd)","(bfpd)","(bwpd)","(bopd)","(mmcfpd)","(boepd)","(%)"

107

Assess Employee Awareness of Alternative Commuting and Trip-Reduction Programs for Greenhouse Gas Profile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, success can be measured by employee awareness and use of commuting alternatives and trip-reduction efforts. Efforts include guaranteed ride home programs, and showers for walkers and bicyclists. Low use or awareness of an option, combined with a high willingness to use an option, such as teleworking, may suggest the need to improve communications about available alternatives.

108

STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was 3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall...

109

average air temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average air temperature average air temperature Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords average air temperature

110

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today's CEBAF polarized source operating at ~ 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, Matthew [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

112

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelis 1 , Nele Verbiest1 , and Richard rough set model, which is based on a similar rationale, our proposal has the ad- vantage a feature selection application confirm the potential of the OWA-based model. Keywords: fuzzy rough sets

Gent, Universiteit

113

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

114

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Department of Energy 2013 Annual Inspection - Piqua, OH, Decommissioned Reactor Site Department of Energy 2013 Annual Inspection - Piqua, OH, Decommissioned Reactor Site June 2013 Page 1 2013 Annual Inspection and Radiological Survey Results for the Piqua, Ohio, Decommissioned Reactor Site Summary The former Piqua Nuclear Power Facility (PNPF), a decommissioned nuclear power demonstration facility, was inspected on April 18, 2013. The site, located on the east bank of the Great Miami River in Piqua, Ohio, is in good physical condition. There is no requirement for a

115

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Site A/Plot M, Cook County, Illinois Site A/Plot M, Cook County, Illinois May 2013 Page 1 2013 Inspection and Annual Site Status Report for the Site A/Plot M, Cook County, Illinois Decontamination and Decommissioning Program Site Summary Site A/Plot M was inspected on April 10, 2013. The site, located within a county forest preserve with significant tree and grass cover, was in good condition. No cause for a follow-up inspection was identified. Erosion on top of the grass covered mound at Plot M continues to be a concern. Bike traffic produces ruts which if left unfixed grow and threaten the protectiveness of the soil cover on top of the mound. In 2010 ANL personnel repaired two areas at Plot M by filling in the ruts with clean top soil and re-seeding. In 2012, additional repairs were made by ANL personnel. Three-

116

Trip Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to be used to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of site maintenance activities. Oil and gas exploration activity around the site continues to increase. A new drilling pad...

117

Sources Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Natural background Medical Consumer products Industrial, security, educational and research Occupational 0.311 rem 0.300 rem 0.013 rem 0.0003 rem 0.0005 rem Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, provides radiological protection services and oversight at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These services include radiation dose measurements for persons who enter areas where they may be exposed to radiation or radioactive material. The results are periodically reported to monitored individuals. The results listed are based on a radiation dose system developed by the International Commission on Radiation Protection. The system uses the terms "effective dose," "equivalent dose" and units of rem. You may be more familiar with the term "millirem" (mrem), which is 1/1000 of a rem.

118

Fat turnover in obese slower than average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-04 9-04 For immediate release: 09/23/2011 | NR-11-09-04 Fat turnover in obese slower than average Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly This scanning electron micrograph image shows part of a lobule of adipose tissue (body fat). Adipose tissue is specialized connective tissue that functions as the major storage site for fat. Photo courtesy of David Gregory & Debbie Marshall/Wellcome Images LIVERMORE, Calif. -- It may be more difficult for obese people to lose fat because the "turnover" rate is much slower for those overweight than average weight individuals. New research in the Sept. 25 online edition of the journal Nature shows that the turnover (storage and loss rate) of fat in the human body is about 1 1/2 years compared to fat cells, which turnover about every 10 years,

119

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998-1999 (in this context, defined as the average, +/- 2 standard deviations). Past price surges have been of short duration. The possibility of a downward price adjustment before the end of next winter is a source of considerable risk for storage operators who acquire gas at recent elevated prices. Storage levels in the Lower 48 States were 7.5 percent below the 5-year average (1995-1999) by mid-August (August 11), although the differential is only 6.4 percent in the East, which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. Low storage levels are attributable, at least in part, to poor price incentives: high current prices combined with only small price

120

Indirect CP violation results and HFAG averages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current status of the search for indirect CP violation in the neutral D meson system at the B-factories and at LHCb is reported. The indirect CP asymmetry search is performed by the measurement of the proper-time asymmetry ($A_{\\Gamma}$) in decays of $D^0-\\bar{D^0}$ mesons to CP eigenstates, $K^-K^+$ and $\\pi^- \\pi^+$, and by $y_{CP}$, the ratio between the effective lifetime measured in decay to a CP eigenstate and that to the mixed eigenstate $K \\pi$. All results are consistent with the no CP violation hypothesis. The latest world averages for mixing and CP asymmetry in the charm sector evaluated by the Heavy Flavour Averaging Group are presented. The no mixing hypothesis is excluded at more than 12 standard deviations. The search for direct and indirect CP violation in the charm sector is consistent with no CP violation at 2.0% confident level.

Silvia Borghi

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of todays CEBAF polarized source operating at ? 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, M. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Toxics Release Inventory Expansion Rule Phase 3 (TRI-P3)  

SciTech Connect

The ORR [East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), Y-12 Plant, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] is considered a single facility for reporting by the DOE prime contractors. The processing, manufacturing, or "otherwise use" Section313 chemicals are combined to determine TRI reportability. Such is the case with lead metal, which is one of two chemicals for which reportin~ forms were prepared in this pilot study (Task 2;1. The lead shop at ORNL exceeded the reporting threshold, causing a lead activity at a Y-1 2 machine shop and lead in waste at ETTP to be reportable. TRI-P3 report preparation time for lead totaled 36.5 hours. The second chemical investigated and reported (chromium) also required nearly a man-week for report preparation and documentation by experienced TRI personnel. The ORR TRI report typically includes about six chemicals, so an estimate of the TRI-P3 incremental reporting burden for ORR would be six weeks for experienced personnel axI d two/three man-months for first-time ORR preparers.

Evans, R.A.; Saunders, A.D.; Worley, G.G.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Walking, running, and resting under time, distance, and average speed constraints: optimality of walkrunrest mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...prediction may not be very ecological. 5.5. Altered body or...Garland, T . 1983 Scaling the ecological cost of transport to body...s-2006-924294 ) 51 Lee, J . 2009 Vehicle inertia impact on fuel consumption...conventional and hybrid electric vehicles using acceleration and coast...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Average resonance capture study of Te124  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An average resonance capture study of Te124 was carried out by bombarding samples of Te123 with 2- and 24-keV neutron beams. The complete set of 0+, 1+, 2+ states disclosed by the experiment is consistent with the data of Robinson, Hamilton, and Snelling, demonstrating that there are no undetected states of these spins (especially 0+ states) below about 2500 keV. In particular, proposed 0+ levels at 1156 and 1290 keV are ruled out. This impacts various attempted interpretations in terms of intruder states, U(5), and O(6) symmetries.

R. F. Casten; J.-Y. Zhang; B.-C. Liao

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Average Price of Natural Gas Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1996 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ....................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477

126

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

127

Average deployments versus missile and defender parameters  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates the average number of reentry vehicles (RVs) that could be deployed successfully as a function of missile burn time, RV deployment times, and the number of space-based interceptors (SBIs) in defensive constellations. Leakage estimates of boost-phase kinetic-energy defenses as functions of launch parameters and defensive constellation size agree with integral predictions of near-exact calculations for constellation sizing. The calculations discussed here test more detailed aspects of the interaction. They indicate that SBIs can efficiently remove about 50% of the RVs from a heavy missile attack. The next 30% can removed with two-fold less effectiveness. The next 10% could double constellation sizes. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Canavan, G.H.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 175 Average Trip Distance 12.2 Total distance traveled (mi) 272,366 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 54.1 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 368 Distance traveled (mi) 129,389 Percent of total distance traveled 47.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 75% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.0 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 142,977 Percent of total distance traveled 52.4% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 77% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 65.1% 31.1% Percent Number of trips 85.5% 14.5% Average trip distance (mi)

129

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4.8 4.8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 185 Average Trip Distance 13.1 Total distance traveled (mi) 208,165 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 77.6 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 369 Distance traveled (mi) 104,687 Percent of total distance traveled 50.3% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 87% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 37.2 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 103,478 Percent of total distance traveled 49.7% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 82% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 69.8% 33.9% Percent Number of trips 85.0% 15.0% Average trip distance (mi)

130

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.5 2.5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 166 Average Trip Distance 12.1 Total distance traveled (mi) 385,849 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 78.2 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 332 Distance traveled (mi) 193,336 Percent of total distance traveled 50.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 85% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.2 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 192,512 Percent of total distance traveled 49.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 79% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 67.2% 31.5% Percent Number of trips 86.7% 13.3% Average trip distance (mi)

131

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7.8 7.8 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 180 Average Trip Distance 12.8 Total distance traveled (mi) 346,409 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 51.5 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 384 Distance traveled (mi) 161,982 Percent of total distance traveled 46.8% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 74% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.1 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 184,427 Percent of total distance traveled 53.2% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 76% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 63.8% 28.4% Percent Number of trips 85.7% 14.3% Average trip distance (mi)

132

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 174 Average Trip Distance 12.6 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,243,988 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 63.2 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 352 Distance traveled (mi) 615,161 Percent of total distance traveled 49.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 80% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.4 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 628,828 Percent of total distance traveled 50.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 78% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 66.8% 31.7% Percent Number of trips 85.5% 14.5% Average trip distance (mi)

133

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

71.0 71.0 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 169 Average Trip Distance 12.5 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,661,080 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 67.1 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 340 Distance traveled (mi) 826,775 Percent of total distance traveled 49.8% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 81% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.7 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 834,306 Percent of total distance traveled 50.2% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 78% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 66.9% 31.6% Percent Number of trips 85.8% 14.2% Average trip distance (mi)

134

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 170 Average Trip Distance 12.4 Total distance traveled (mi) 2,041,556 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 64.4 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 345 Distance traveled (mi) 1,002,495 Percent of total distance traveled 49.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 80% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.9 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 1,039,061 Percent of total distance traveled 50.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 78% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 66.2% 31.0% Percent Number of trips 86.0% 14.0% Average trip distance (mi)

135

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.1 1.1 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 182 Average Trip Distance 11.8 Total distance traveled (mi) 355,058 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 46.0 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 416 Distance traveled (mi) 155,080 Percent of total distance traveled 43.7% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 69% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34.4 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 199,978 Percent of total distance traveled 56.3% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 74% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 60.5% 27.0% Percent Number of trips 86.3% 13.7% Average trip distance (mi)

136

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.6 6.6 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 171 Average Trip Distance 11.9 Total distance traveled (mi) 370,316 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 53.8 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 371 Distance traveled (mi) 170,860 Percent of total distance traveled 46.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 75% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35.9 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 199,456 Percent of total distance traveled 53.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 77% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 63.2% 28.1% Percent Number of trips 86.7% 13.3% Average trip distance (mi)

137

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 157 Average Trip Distance 12.3 Total distance traveled (mi) 407,245 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 67.9 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 338 Distance traveled (mi) 189,426 Percent of total distance traveled 46.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 82% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.5 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 217,819 Percent of total distance traveled 53.5% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 79% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 65.2% 28.3% Percent Number of trips 86.5% 13.5% Average trip distance (mi)

138

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

73.7 73.7 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 170 Average Trip Distance 12.6 Total distance traveled (mi) 370,987 Average Ambient Temperature (deg F) 71.0 Electric Vehicle mode operation (EV) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) No Fuel Used AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) 341 Distance traveled (mi) 185,282 Percent of total distance traveled 49.9% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 83% Extended Range mode operation (ERM) Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36.9 AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi) No Elec. Used Distance traveled (mi) 185,705 Percent of total distance traveled 50.1% Average driving style efficiency (distance weighted)¹ 79% City³ Highway³ Percent of miles in EV operation (%) 68.0% 32.4% Percent Number of trips 85.4% 14.6% Average trip distance (mi)

139

"Climate change in Massachusetts: What would Henry say?" A field trip-based course for Fall 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Syllabus "Climate change in Massachusetts: What would Henry say?" A field trip-based course and animals of Massachusetts, and his records are now being used to document the reality of climate change. If Thoreau were alive today, he could readily observe the impacts of climate change and other human

Guenther, Frank

140

Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clearly: "Why I want to be a Consulting Engineer". Creativity and presentation skills will be taken1 Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders of the Canadian consulting engineering industry! How It Works 1. Become a fan of the Association of Consulting

Thompson, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fuel Economy Standards, New Vehicle Sales, and Average Fuel Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The average fuel efficiency of new automobiles sold in the ... trend stagnated in 1981, however, and average fuel efficiency has actually fallen since 1987. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standardsthe maj...

Steven G. Thorpe

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price Fact 744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster...

143

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AREA WEIGHTED AVERAGE CALCULATION WORKSHEET: RESIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be used to calculate weight-averaged U-factors or averaged SHGC values for prescriptive envelope of window (the SHGC values of skylights cannot be averaged per §151(f)4A). a. "Area" can be replaced

144

Scattering theory without large-distance asymptotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In conventional scattering theory, to obtain an explicit result, one imposes a precondition that the distance between target and observer is infinite. With the help of this precondition, one can asymptotically replace the Hankel function and the Bessel function with the sine functions so that one can achieve an explicit result. Nevertheless, after such a treatment, the information of the distance between target and observer is inevitably lost. In this paper, we show that such a precondition is not necessary: without losing any information of distance, one can still obtain an explicit result of a scattering rigorously. In other words, we give an rigorous explicit scattering result which contains the information of distance between target and observer. We show that at a finite distance, a modification factor --- the Bessel polynomial --- appears in the scattering amplitude, and, consequently, the cross section depends on the distance, the outgoing wave-front surface is no longer a sphere, and, besides the phase...

Liu, Tong; Dai, Wu-Sheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average Fuel Economy of New Midsize Cars - Hybrid vs....

146

Optical distance measurement device and method thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.

Bowers, Mark W. (Patterson, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

147

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

148

11-08-10 7:28 AMSouth Africa trip gives students hope -Canstar Page 1 of 3http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?expire=&title=South+Afric...es%2Fsouwester%2FSouth-Africa-trip-gives-students-hope-127332108.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11-08-10 7:28 AMSouth Africa trip gives students hope - Canstar Page 1 of 3http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?expire=&title=South right) are among the students pictured during a recent visit to South Africa. A police officer's desire for social justice!prompted a recent trip to South Africa to learn about racial segregation and living

Martin, Jeff

149

A NEW DISTANCE TO M33 USING BLUE SUPERGIANTS AND THE FGLR METHOD  

SciTech Connect

The quantitative spectral analysis of medium resolution optical spectra of A and B supergiants obtained with DEIMOS and ESI at the Keck Telescopes is used to determine a distance modulus of 24.93 +- 0.11 mag (968 +- 50 kpc) for the Triangulum Galaxy M33. The analysis yields stellar effective temperatures, gravities, interstellar reddening, and extinction, the combination of which provides a distance estimate via the flux-weighted gravity-luminosity relationship (FGLR). This result is based on an FGLR calibration that is continually being polished. An average reddening of (E(B - V)) approx 0.08 mag is found, with a large variation ranging from 0.01 to 0.16 mag, however, demonstrating the importance of accurate individual reddening measurements for stellar distance indicators in galaxies with evident signatures of interstellar absorption. The large-distance modulus found is in good agreement with recent work on eclipsing binaries, planetary nebulae, long-period variables, RR Lyrae stars, and also with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of Cepheids, if reasonable reddening assumptions are made for the Cepheids. Since distances based on the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) method found in the literature give conflicting results, we have used HST Advanced Camera for Surveys V- and I-band images of outer regions of M33 to determine a TRGB distance of 24.84 +- 0.10 mag, in basic agreement with the FGLR result. We have also determined stellar metallicities and discussed the metallicity gradient in the disk of M33. We find metallicity of Z {sub sun} at the center and 0.3 Z {sub sun} in the outskirts at a distance of one isophotal radius. The average logarithmic metallicity gradient is -0.07 +- 0.01 dex kpc{sup -1}. However, there is a large scatter around this average value, very similar to what has been found for the H II regions in M33.

U, Vivian; Urbaneja, Miguel A.; Kudritzki, Rolf-Peter; Jacobs, Bradley A.; Bresolin, Fabio [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Przybilla, Norbert, E-mail: vivian@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: urbaneja@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: kud@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: bjacobs@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: bresolin@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: przybilla@sternwarte.uni-erlangen.d [Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Sternwartstrasse 7, D-96049 Bamberg (Germany)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

150

Continuous Limit of Multiple Gravitational Lens Effect and Average Magnification Factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the gravitational magnification factor averaged over all configurations of lenses in a locally inhomogeneous universe satisfy a second order differential equation with redshift $z$ by taking the continuous limit of multi-plane gravitational lens equation (the number $N$ of lenses $\\to\\infty$) and that the gravitationally magnified Dyer-Roeder distance in a clumpy universe becomes to that of the Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre universe for arbitrary values of the density parameter $\\Omega_{0}$ and of a mass fraction $\\bar{\\alpha}$ (smoothness parameter).

Hiroshi Yoshida; Kouji Nakamura; Minoru Omote

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: July 12, 2004 8: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on AddThis.com... Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles Twenty-five percent of the respondents to a nationwide survey said that

152

Fact #614: March 15, 2010 Average Age of Household Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The average age of household vehicles has increased from 6.6 years in 1977 to 9.2 years in 2009. Pickup trucks have the oldest average age in every year listed. Sport utility vehicles (SUVs), first...

153

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

154

Scattering theory without large-distance asymptotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In conventional scattering theory, to obtain an explicit result, one imposes a precondition that the distance between target and observer is infinite. With the help of this precondition, one can asymptotically replace the Hankel function and the Bessel function with the sine functions so that one can achieve an explicit result. Nevertheless, after such a treatment, the information of the distance between target and observer is inevitably lost. In this paper, we show that such a precondition is not necessary: without losing any information of distance, one can still obtain an explicit result of a scattering rigorously. In other words, we give an rigorous explicit scattering result which contains the information of distance between target and observer. We show that at a finite distance, a modification factor --- the Bessel polynomial --- appears in the scattering amplitude, and, consequently, the cross section depends on the distance, the outgoing wave-front surface is no longer a sphere, and, besides the phase shift, there is an additional phase (the argument of the Bessel polynomial) appears in the scattering wave function.

Tong Liu; Wen-Du Li; Wu-Sheng Dai

2014-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

Distance measurements from supernovae and dark energy constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constraints on dark energy from current observational data are sensitive to how distances are measured from TypeIa supernova (SNIa) data. We find that flux averaging of SNeIa can be used to test the presence of unknown systematic uncertainties, and yield more robust distance measurements from SNeIa. We have applied this approach to the nearby+SDSS+ESSENCE+SNLS+HST set of 288 SNeIa, and the Constitution set of 397 SNeIa. Combining the SNIa data with cosmic microwave background anisotropy data from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5yr observations, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey baryon acoustic oscillation measurements, the data of 69 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) , and the Hubble constant measurement from the Hubble Space Telescope project SHOES, we measure the dark energy density function X(z)??X(z)/?X(0) as a free function of redshift (assumed to be a constant at z>1 or z>1.5). Without the flux averaging of SNeIa, the combined data using the Constitution set of SNeIa seem to indicate a deviation from a cosmological constant at ?95% confidence level at 0?z?0.8; they are consistent with a cosmological constant at ?68% confidence level when SNeIa are flux averaged. The combined data using the nearby+SDSS+ESSENCE+SNLS+HST data set of SNeIa are consistent with a cosmological constant at 68% confidence level with or without flux averaging of SNeIa, and give dark energy constraints that are significantly more stringent than that using the Constitution set of SNeIa. Assuming a flat Universe, dark energy is detected at >98% confidence level for z?0.75 using the combined data with 288 SNeIa from nearby+SDSS+ESSENCE+SNLS+HST, independent of the assumptions about X(z?1). We quantify dark energy constraints without assuming a flat Universe using the dark energy figure of merit for both X(z) and a dark energy equation-of-state linear in the cosmic scale factor.

Yun Wang

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

156

Distance transforms on anisotropic surfaces for surface roughness measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Distance Transform on Curved Space (DTOCS) calculates distances along a gray-level height map surface In this article, the DTOCS is generalized for surfaces represented as real altitude data in an anisotropic grid The distance transform combined ...

Leena Ikonen; Toni Kuparinen; Eduardo Villanueva; Pekka Toivanen

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Geodesic distances in Liouville quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to study the quantum geometry of random surfaces in Liouville gravity, we propose a definition of geodesic distance associated to a Gaussian free field on a regular lattice. This geodesic distance is used to numerically determine the Hausdorff dimension associated to shortest cycles of 2d quantum gravity on the torus coupled to conformal matter fields, showing agreement with a conjectured formula by Y. Watabiki. Finally, the numerical tools are put to test by quantitatively comparing the distribution of lengths of shortest cycles to the corresponding distribution in large random triangulations.

Jan Ambjorn; Timothy Budd

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Luminosity Distance in Perturbed FLRW Spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an expression for the luminosity distance in FLRW spacetimes affected by scalar perturbations. Our expression is complete to linear order and is expressed entirely in terms of standard cosmological parameters and observational quantities. We illustrate the result by calculating the RMS scatter in the usual luminosity distance in flat (Omega_m,Omega_Lambda) = (1.0,0.0) and (0.3,0.7) cosmologies. In both cases the scatter is appreciable at high redshifts, and rises above 11% at z = 2, where it may be the dominant noise term in the Hubble diagram based on SN Ia.

Ted Pyne; Mark Birkinshaw

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

159

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: March 8, 2004 0: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310:

160

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Dataset Summary Description This dataset shows the average interest rates for U.S Treasury securities for the most recent month compared with the same month of the previous year. The data is broken down by the various marketable and non-marketable securities. The summary page for the data provides links for monthly reports from 2001 through the current year. Average Interest Rates are calculated on the total unmatured interest-bearing debt. The average interest rates for total marketable, total non-marketable and total interest-bearing debt do not include the U.S. Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Distances toDistances to HVCsHVCs usingusing blue horizontal branch starsblue horizontal branch stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)(Wisconsin) ElseElse StarkenburgStarkenburg ((KapteynKapteyn Lab)Lab) Lucy Frey (Case)Lucy Frey (Case) andand)Mario Mateo (Michigan) Heather Morrison (Case)Heather Morrison (Case) John Norris (MSSSO)John Norris (MSSSODan OravetzOravetz, Lucy Frey (Case), Lucy Frey (Case) #12;Distances are important:Distances are important

Peletier, Reynier

162

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Home Organizations DLR - Deutsches Zentrum fr ... Solar: monthly and annual ... Dataset Activity Stream Solar: monthly and annual average...

163

,"Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Data 2","Annual Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1922" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm03vmall.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/natural_gas_monthly/ngm.html"

164

TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND ALTRUISM: ROLE OF POWER DISTANCE IN A HIGH POWER DISTANCE CULTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a sample of 105 manager-subordinate dyads from a high power distance culture, the effects of power distance and transformational leadership on follower altruism were studied. Findings show a significant positive relationship between power distance and transformational leadership and between transformational leadership and follower altruism. The dimensions on which cultures differ have been identified earlier (Hofstede, 1980). The objective of this study is to look at the effect of a dimension on other variables, in a culture that is high on that dimension. Our contention is that in cultures that score high on the power distance dimension of Hofstede (1980) model, if managers maintain a high power distance between themselves and their followers, their transformational leadership would be enhanced, and transformational leadership in turn will enhance altruistic behavior of followers. Merely knowing the dimensions on which cultures differ is not enough. That knowledge has to be used to predict how an alignment with that dimension would affect other variables.

Ankush Punj; Venkat R. Krishnan

165

The Protection of Pharmaceutical Patents and Data under TRIPS and US-Jordan FTA: Exploring the Limits of Obligations and Flexibilities: A Study of the Impacts on the Pharmaceutical Sector in Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In 2000, Jordan signed the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) and a free trade agreement with the US (USJFTA). (more)

Abughanm, Saad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Sensor Network Localization, Euclidean Distance Matrix ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

paper is to view SNL as a (nearest) Euclidean Distance Matrix, EDM, completion problem that ... simply corresponds to a given fixed clique for the graph of the EDM problem. We next ...... The tests were done using MATLAB 7.4. The method for...

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

167

Nucleon - Nucleon Interactions at Short Distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the progress made in understanding the NN interactions at long distances based on effective field theories, the understanding of the dynamics of short range NN interactions remains as elusive as ever. One of the most fascinating properties of short range interaction is its repulsive nature which is responsible for the stability of strongly interacting matter. The relevant distances, $\\le 0.5$ fm, in this case are such that one expects the onset of quark-gluon degrees of freedom with interaction being dominated by QCD dynamics. We review the current status of the understanding of the QCD dynamics of NN interactions at short distances, highlight outstanding questions and outline the theoretical foundation of QCD description of hard NN processes. We present examples of how the study of the hard elastic NN interaction can reveal the symmetry structure of valence quark component of the nucleon wave function and how the onset of pQCD regime is correlated with the onset of color transparency phenomena in hard $pp$ scattering in the nuclear medium. The discussions show how the new experimental facilities can help to advance the knowledge about the QCD nature of nuclear forces at short distances.

Misak M Sargsian

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

168

Fuzzy prototype model and semantic distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is a challenge to provide an intelligent product suggestion for these new customers without previous shopping records in the supermarket application. To solve such a problem, we design a hybrid fuzzy expert system for recommendation using the improved ... Keywords: Fuzzy c means, Fuzzy decision tree, Fuzzy prototype, Recommendation system, Semantic coordinate, Semantic distance

Dong (Walter) Xie; Jim F. Baldwin

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis Bradley Marchand and Naoki Saito Abstract in time and frequency. Its goal, given Bradley Marchand Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City Division, e-mail: bradley.marchand@navy.mil Naoki Saito Department of Mathematics, University of California

Saito, Naoki

170

EUCLIDEAN DISTANCE MATRIX COMPLETION PROBLEMS June ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 6, 2010 ... This is sometimes called the energy function (e.g., [6, 7]). Note that ... the specified entries are from the measurement of interatomic distances, mostly the ..... If hij = 1 for i, j = 1,...,n (i.e., unit weights), then (5.3) simplifies to n. ?.

2010-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

171

Distance Education Graduate Program in Environmental Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, related to water quality, climate change, ecosystem restoration, and public health. Research Remediation 3) Carbon Dynamics and Ecosystem Services 4) Wetlands and Aquatic Ecosystems 5) Landscape Analysis, range lands, urban lands, wetlands or aquatic systems. This distance education track is designed

Ma, Lena

172

Higher-order averaging, formal series and numerical integration II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems of ordinary differential equations with d 1 non- resonant constant frequencies. Formal series frequency and four resonant fast frequencies. Keywords and sentences: Averaging, high-order averaging, quasi Schumann, 35170 Bruz, France. Email: Philippe.Chartier@inria.fr Konputazio Zientziak eta A. A. Saila

Murua, Ander

173

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

174

Do Diurnal Aerosol Changes Affect Daily Average Radiative Forcing?  

SciTech Connect

Strong diurnal variability of aerosol has been observed frequently for many urban/industrial regions. How this variability may alter the direct aerosol radiative forcing (DARF), however, is largely unknown. To quantify changes in the time-averaged DARF, we perform an assessment of 29 days of high temporal resolution ground-based data collected during the Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) on Cape Cod, which is downwind of metropolitan areas. We demonstrate that strong diurnal changes of aerosol loading (about 20% on average) have a negligible impact on the 24-h average DARF, when daily averaged optical properties are used to find this quantity. However, when there is a sparse temporal sampling of aerosol properties, which may preclude the calculation of daily averaged optical properties, large errors (up to 100%) in the computed DARF may occur. We describe a simple way of reducing these errors, which suggests the minimal temporal sampling needed to accurately find the forcing.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Berg, Larry K.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Lantz, K.; Hodges, G. B.

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

175

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

176

Averaged dynamics of ultra-relativisitc charged particles beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we consider the suitability of using the charged cold fluid model in the description of ultra-relativistic beams. The method that we have used is the following. Firstly, the necessary notions of kinetic theory and differential geometry of second order differential equations are explained. Then an averaging procedure is applied to a connection associated with the Lorentz force equation. The result of this averaging is an affine connection on the space-time manifold. The corresponding geodesic equation defines the averaged Lorentz force equation. We prove that for ultra-relativistic beams described by narrow distribution functions, the solutions of both equations are similar. This fact justifies the replacement of the Lorentz force equation by the simpler {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation}. After this, for each of these models we associate the corresponding kinetic model, which are based on the Vlasov equation and {\\it averaged Vlasov equation} respectively. The averaged Vlasov equation is simpler than the original Vlasov equation. This fact allows us to prove that the differential operation defining the averaged charged cold fluid equation is controlled by the {\\it diameter of the distribution function}, by powers of the {\\it energy of the beam} and by the time of evolution $t$. We show that the Vlasov equation and the averaged Vlasov equation have similar solutions, when the initial conditions are the same. Finally, as an application of the {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation} we re-derive the beam dynamics formalism used in accelerator physics from the Jacobi equation of the averaged Lorentz force equation.

Ricardo Gallego Torrom

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

177

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

178

Cosmic equation of state from combined angular diameter distances: Does the tension with luminosity distances exist?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a relatively complete observational data concerning four angular diameter distance (ADD) measurements and %synthetic combined SN+GRB observations representing current luminosity distance (LD) data, this paper investigates the %tension between compatibility of these two cosmological distances considering three classes of dark energy equation of state (EoS) reconstruction. In particular, we use strongly gravitationally lensed systems from various large systematic gravitational lens surveys and galaxy clusters, which yield the Hubble constant independent ratio between two angular diameter distances $D_{ls}/D_s$ data. Our results demonstrate that, with more general categories of standard ruler data, ADD and LD data are compatible at $1\\sigma$ level. Secondly, we note that consistency between ADD and LD data %are blind is maintained irrespective of the EoS parameterizations: there is a good match between the universally explored CPL model and other formulations of cosmic equation of state. Especially for the...

Cao, Shuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Measurement of average resistance in underwater breathing apparatus  

SciTech Connect

Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) have long been characterized by the mechanical work done on them during simulated breathing. For 20 years, the work of breathing has been divided by tidal volume to yield what is properly considered a volume-averaged pressure. The authors assert that when volume-averaged pressure is divided by a factor proportional to ventilation, the result is a measure of flow resistance averaged over an entire breath. This point is illustrated with both theoretical and actual pressure-volume and pressure-flow curves for a MK 16 closed-circuit UBA.

Clarke, J.R. [Navy Experimental Diving Unit, Panama City, FL (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Time average vibration fringe analysis using Hilbert transformation  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative phase information from a single interferogram can be obtained using the Hilbert transform (HT). We have applied the HT method for quantitative evaluation of Bessel fringes obtained in time average TV holography. The method requires only one fringe pattern for the extraction of vibration amplitude and reduces the complexity in quantifying the data experienced in the time average reference bias modulation method, which uses multiple fringe frames. The technique is demonstrated for the measurement of out-of-plane vibration amplitude on a small scale specimen using a time average microscopic TV holography system.

Kumar, Upputuri Paul; Mohan, Nandigana Krishna; Kothiyal, Mahendra Prasad

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

OFA2013_Storage@Distance.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Storage Systems Group NERSC Storage Systems Group Storage at a Distance --- 1 --- Open F abrics A lliance U ser D ay What is storage at a distance? * Data i s n ot l ocal t o t he u ser/resource * Processing a nd w orkflow n eeds a re n ear r eal---7me - Don't w ant t o w ait u n9l d ata t ransfer i s c omplete - Need t o s ee r esults, m ake a djustments, a nd t ry a gain * Network w ill b ecome p art o f t he i nstruments - Telescopes a nd t heir d ata - Sequencers a nd t heir g enome d ata - Light s ources a nd t heir d ata * Is t here a n a rchitecture/protocol t hat i s n ecessary today for successfully providing storage at a distance? - Ethernet v s. I B - ROCE v s. R DMA v s. I P --- 2 --- Open F abrics A lliance U ser D ay Use case 1: Instruments (beam lines) * ShiB w ork ( 24hr c overage) - Scien9sts fl y i n a nd u se t he i nstrument

182

annual average heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average heating degree days average heating degree days Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords annual average heating degree days climate GIS NASA SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.7 MiB)

183

Averaging Spacetime: Where do we go from here?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The construction of an averaged theory of gravity based on Einstein's General Relativity is very difficult due to the non-linear nature of the gravitational field equations. This problem is further exacerbated by the difficulty in defining a mathematically precise covariant averaging procedure for tensor fields over differentiable manifolds. Together, these two ideas have been called the averaging problem for General Relativity. In the first part of the talk, an attempt to review some the various approaches to this problem will be given, highlighting strengths, weaknesses, and commonalities between them. In the second part of the talk, an argument will be made, that if one wishes to develop a well-defined averaging procedure, one may choose to parallel transport along geodesics with respect to the Levi-Cevita connection or, use the Weitzenb\\"ock connection and ensure the transportation is independent of path. The talk concludes with some open questions to generate further discussion.

R. J. van den Hoogen

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

U.S. average gasoline price up slightly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up a tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

185

Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Highway Administration studies traffic volume and flow on major truck routes by tracking more than 500,000 trucks. The average speed of trucks on selected interstate highways is between...

186

Abstract Interpretation for Worst and Average Case Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy usage whilst bounding the average number of requests waiting to be served. PRISM is used phase extracts a control flow graph ­ for some classes of language this may already involve an abstract

Di Pierro, Alessandra

187

Weighted Coherence: A More Effective Measure Than Average Coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the statistic, Weighted Coherence in relation to the average or mean coherence in a particular frequency band after cross- ... using cross-spectral analysis is r...

Vikram Kumar Yeragani; Arindam Barua

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Table 17. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing U.S. Mines by Mine Production Range and Mine Type, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information...

189

Table A44. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam" 4. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam" " by Type of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, and" " Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Units)" ," Electricity",," Steam" ," (kWh)",," (million Btu)" ,,,,,"RSE" ,"Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Factors"

190

Flavor Physics Data from the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) was established at the May 2002 Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference in Philadelphia, and continues the LEP Heavy Flavor Steering Group's tradition of providing regular updates to the world averages of heavy flavor quantities. Data are provided by six subgroups that each focus on a different set of heavy flavor measurements: B lifetimes and oscillation parameters, Semi-leptonic B decays, Rare B decays, Unitarity triangle parameters, B decays to charm final states, and Charm Physics.

191

U.S. Refiner Sales to End Users (Average) Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Conventional, Average 3.030 3.137 3.122 3.063 3.042 2.972 1994-2013 Conventional Regular 3.005 3.116 3.102 3.040 3.017 2.948 1994-2013 Conventional Midgrade 3.167 3.256 3.239 3.200 3.193 3.121 1994-2013 Conventional Premium 3.269 3.354 3.327 3.291 3.274 3.203 1994-2013 Oxygenated, Average - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated Regular - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated Midgrade - - - - - - 1994-2013

192

Rank Distance Bicodes and their Generalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book has four chapters. In chapter one we just recall the notion of RD codes, MRD codes, circulant rank codes and constant rank codes and describe their properties. In chapter two we introduce few new classes of codes and study some of their properties. In this chapter we introduce the notion of fuzzy RD codes and fuzzy RD bicodes. Rank distance m-codes are introduced in chapter three and the property of m-covering radius is analysed. Chapter four indicates some applications of these new classes of codes.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; N. Suresh Babu; R. S. Selvaraj

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

193

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition of military and technological (for instance, one  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition and execution of peacekeeping and other non classified operations (indeed, Sweden has troops in Afghanistan and The Congo today; they lead the Baltic MDA effort). Sweden's relatively small size makes them forward leaning

194

SUMMER FUN & DAY TRIP IDEAS (2011 VERSION) SUMMER in New Haven is a great season with festivals, concerts, events on the Green,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, concerts, events on the Green, sports, outdoor activities and day trip opportunities in the area. Here and ticketed events, family events; ask for student tix discounts. Music on the New Haven Green bring a blanket & picnic for Free big name concerts on the Green.Saturday nights. Performers TBA in July. Norfolk Summer

195

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Residential"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential" Residential" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",6203726,634.13095,15.713593,99.644755 "Connecticut",1454651,730.85302,17.343298,126.75402 "Maine",703770,530.56349,14.658797,77.774225 "Massachusetts",2699141,627.15845,14.912724,93.52641 "New Hampshire",601697,614.81776,16.070168,98.802249 "Rhode Island",435448,597.34783,14.404061,86.042344 "Vermont",309019,565.03618,17.006075,96.090478 "Middle Atlantic",15727423,700.63673,15.272654,107.00582

196

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Industrial"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial" Industrial" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",34164,67854.037,11.83487,8030.4373 "Connecticut",4647,63947.063,12.672933,8103.9685 "Maine",2780,90741.457,7.9819499,7242.9376 "Massachusetts",21145,66710.826,12.566635,8383.3057 "New Hampshire",3444,47247.217,11.83228,5590.423 "Rhode Island",1927,39935.911,10.676724,4263.8471 "Vermont",221,536044.12,9.9796777,53495.475 "Middle Atlantic",45836,126368.14,7.4903534,9465.42 "New Jersey",12729,50817.89,10.516509,5344.2677

197

Time-average TV holography for vibration fringe analysis  

SciTech Connect

Time-average TV holography is widely used method for vibration measurement. The method generates speckle correlation time-averaged J0 fringes that can be used for full-field qualitative visualization of mode shapes at resonant frequencies of an object under harmonic excitation. In order to map the amplitudes of vibration, quantitative evaluation of the time-averaged fringe pattern is desired. A quantitative evaluation procedure based on the phase-shifting technique used in two beam interferometry has also been adopted for this application with some modification. The existing procedure requires a large number of frames to be recorded for implementation. We propose a procedure that will reduce the number of frames required for the analysis. The TV holographic system used and the experimental results obtained with it on an edge-clamped, sinusoidally excited square aluminium plate sample are discussed.

Kumar, Upputuri Paul; Kalyani, Yanam; Mohan, Nandigana Krishna; Kothiyal, Mahendra Prasad

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chlorofluorocarbons » Chlorofluorocarbons » Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual Data for the Period 1975-1992 DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1010 data Data (DB1010) Investigator M. A. K. Khalil and R. A. Rasmussen Description This data set presents globally averaged atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbon 11, known also as CFC-11 or F-11 (chemical name: trichlorofluoromethane; formula: CCl3F). The monthly global average data are derived from flask air samples collected at eight sites in six locations over the period August 1980-July 1992. The sites are Barrow (Alaska), Cape Meares (Oregon), Cape Kumukahi and Mauna Loa (Hawaii), Cape Matatula (American Samoa), Cape Grim (Tasmania), Palmer Station, and the

199

Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Two-Dimensional, and a Three-Dimensional Model Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Two-Dimensional, and a Three-Dimensional Model The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) code for predicting off-site consequences, MACCS2 (Chanin, et al. 1998) (MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System, Version 2), uses a simplified model for atmospheric transport and d ispersion (ATD), that is, a straight-line Gaussian model. The MACCS2 calculations are used by the NRC for planning purposes, for cost-benefit analyses, and in level-3 probabilistic risk analyses (PRAs). The MACCS2 ATD model has been criticized as being overly simplistic, even for its purposes. The justification for its use has been

200

High average power scaleable thin-disk laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Using a thin disk laser gain element with an undoped cap layer enables the scaling of lasers to extremely high average output power values. Ordinarily, the power scaling of such thin disk lasers is limited by the deleterious effects of amplified spontaneous emission. By using an undoped cap layer diffusion bonded to the thin disk, the onset of amplified spontaneous emission does not occur as readily as if no cap layer is used, and much larger transverse thin disks can be effectively used as laser gain elements. This invention can be used as a high average power laser for material processing applications as well as for weapon and air defense applications.

Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Honea, Eric C. (Sunol, CA); Bibeau, Camille (Dublin, CA); Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Powell, Howard (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Averaged equations for Josephson junction series arrays with LRC load  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the averaged equations describing a series array of Josephson junctions shunted by a parallel inductor-resistor-capacitor load. We assume that the junctions have negligable capacitance ($\\beta = 0$), and derive averaged equations which turn out to be completely tractable: in particular the stability of both in-phase and splay states depends on a single parameter, $\\del$. We find an explicit expression for $\\delta$ in terms of the load parameters and the bias current. We recover (and refine) a common claim found in the technical literature, that the in-phase state is stable for inductive loads and unstable for capacitive loads.

Kurt Wiesenfeld; James W. Swift

1994-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

An investigation of nonlinear xenon oscillation by method of averaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonlinear analysis of xenon-temperature controlled nuclear reactor dynamics is presented. The set of equations in question belongs to a general class of rate equations with quadratic nonlinearities. Boundedness of the solutions is examined. The mean value of periodic solutions for the flux is shown to be always less than the equilibrium value. The Bogoliubov's method of averaging as extended by Case is applied to obtain approximate solutions. The mechanism of the existence of relaxation oscillations in the linear stability region is analyzed. Computer calculations are performed and found in good agreement with the approximate solutions obtained by means of the method of averaging.

Yoshiro Asahi; A.Ziya Akcasu

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Preliminaries Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outline Preliminaries Results Conclusion Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes.Rizzi@unitn.it August the 16th Guillaume Blin, Romeo Rizzi Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes #12 Guillaume Blin, Romeo Rizzi Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes #12;Outline

Blin, Guillaume

204

GEODESIC FRCHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEODESIC FR?CHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV Carola Wenk Abstract We present the first algorithm to compute the geodesic Fréchet distance between two polygonal curves in a plane of from a point source). This shortest path map supports geodesic distance queries from any point s ab

Texas at San Antonio, University of

205

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

206

Navy Estimated Average Hourly Load Profile by Month (in MW)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Navy Estimated Average Hourly Load Profile by Month (in MW) MONTH HE1 HE2 HE3 HE4 HE5 HE6 HE7 HE8 HE9 HE10 HE11 HE12 HE13 HE14 HE15 HE16 HE17 HE18 HE19 HE20 HE21 HE22 HE23 HE24...

207

Disk-averaged Spectra & light-curves of Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are using computer models to explore the observational sensitivity to changes in atmospheric and surface properties, and the detectability of biosignatures, in the globally averaged spectra and light-curves of the Earth. Using AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder) data, as input for atmospheric and surface properties, we have generated spatially resolved high-resolution synthetic spectra using the SMART radiative transfer model, for a variety of conditions, from the UV to the far-IR (beyond the range of current Earth-based satellite data). We have then averaged over the visible disk for a number of different viewing geometries to quantify the sensitivity to surface types and atmospheric features as a function of viewing geometry, and spatial and spectral resolution. These results have been processed with an instrument simulator to improve our understanding of the detectable characteristics of Earth-like planets as viewed by the first generation extrasolar terrestrial planet detection and characterization missions (Terrestrial Planet Finder/Darwin and Life finder). The wavelength range of our results are modelled over are applicable to both the proposed visible coronograph and mid-infrared interferometer TPF architectures. We have validated this model against disk-averaged observations by the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (MGS TES). This model was also used to analyze Earth-shine data for detectability of planetary characteristics and biosignatures in disk-averaged spectra.

G. Tinetti; V. S. Meadows; D. Crisp; W. Fong; N. Kiang; E. Fishbein; T. Velusamy; E. Bosc; M. Turnbull

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

208

Averaging of Temporal Memories by Rats Dale N. Swanton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Averaging of Temporal Memories by Rats Dale N. Swanton Villanova University Cynthia M. Gooch University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Matthew S. Matell Villanova University Rats were trained on a mixed fixed-interval schedule in which stimulus A (tone or light) indicated food availability after 10

Matell, Matthew S.

209

IE 361 Module 15 The Average Run Length Concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IE 361 Module 15 The Average Run Length Concept Reading: Section 3.5 of Statistical Quality Assurance Methods for Engineers Prof. Steve Vardeman and Prof. Max Morris Iowa State University Vardeman Electric set of alarm rules to a control charting scheme? The most e¤ective means known for making

Vardeman, Stephen B.

210

A NEW COSMOLOGICAL DISTANCE MEASURE USING ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect

Accurate distances to celestial objects are key to establishing the age and energy density of the universe and the nature of dark energy. A distance measure using active galactic nuclei (AGNs) has been sought for more than 40 years, as they are extremely luminous and can be observed at very large distances. We report here the discovery of an accurate luminosity distance measure using AGNs. We use the tight relationship between the luminosity of an AGN and the radius of its broad-line region established via reverberation mapping to determine the luminosity distances to a sample of 38 AGNs. All reliable distance measures up to now have been limited to moderate redshift-AGNs will, for the first time, allow distances to be estimated to z {approx} 4, where variations of dark energy and alternate gravity theories can be probed.

Watson, D.; Denney, K. D.; Vestergaard, M. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen Oe (Denmark); Davis, T. M. [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

211

A robust distance measurement and dark energy constraints from the spherically averaged correlation function of Sloan Digital Sky Survey luminous red Galaxies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......measurement and dark energy constraints...Digital Sky Survey luminous red...Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data...assuming a dark energy model or a...constraints on the dark energy and cosmological...largest effective survey volume to date......

Chia-Hsun Chuang; Yun Wang; Maddumage Don P. Hemantha

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Multivariate Moving Average Control Chart for Photovoltaic Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractFor the electrical metrics that describe photovoltaic cell performance are inherently multivariate in nature, use of a univariate, or one variable, statistical process control chart can have important limitations. Development of a comprehensive process control strategy is known to be significantly beneficial to reducing process variability that ultimately drives up the manufacturing cost photovoltaic cells. The multivariate moving average or MMA chart, is applied to the electrical metrics of photovoltaic cells to illustrate the improved sensitivity on process variability this method of control charting offers. The result show the ability of the MMA chart to expand to as any variables as needed, suggests an application with multiple photovoltaic electrical metrics being used in concert to determine the processes state of control. KeywordsThe multivariate moving average control chart, Photovoltaic processes control, Multivariate system. I.

Chunchom Pongchavalit

213

A holographic proof of the averaged null energy condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The averaged null energy conditions (ANEC) states that, along a complete null curve, the negative energy fluctuations of a quantum field must be balanced by positive energy fluctuations. We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to prove the ANEC for a class of strongly coupled conformal field theories in flat spacetime. A violation of the ANEC in the field theory would lead to acausal propagation of signals in the bulk.

William R. Kelly; Aron C. Wall

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

214

Average dynamics of a finite set of coupled phase oscillators  

SciTech Connect

We study the solutions of a dynamical system describing the average activity of an infinitely large set of driven coupled excitable units. We compared their topological organization with that reconstructed from the numerical integration of finite sets. In this way, we present a strategy to establish the pertinence of approximating the dynamics of finite sets of coupled nonlinear units by the dynamics of its infinitely large surrogate.

Dima, Germn C., E-mail: gdima@df.uba.ar; Mindlin, Gabriel B. [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinmicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabelln 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinmicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabelln 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Oliver Baumann Ebert & Baumann Consulting Engineers, Inc.... An Enterprise of the Ebert-Consulting Group 1004 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE Washington, D.C. 20003, USA 00 12 02/ 6 08 - 13 34 o.baumann@eb-engineers.com Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects Green Building...

Baumann, O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

RENORMALIZATION TECHNIQUES AND MEAN SQUARE AVERAGING, I. DETERMINISTIC EQUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...U2 - 1)u' by a linear expression clu + c2u' and using a time average, we find that...equation to (4.1) is given by U" + C2U' + U = 0, rT where C2 = lim f (a2 cos2...0, (4.5) we write g(u) = clu + c2u', where C, = lim g(u)udt/ f u...

Richard Bellman; John M. Richardson

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 78.29 77.25 102.62 77.88 105.14 -25.9 Canada* 81.61 80.70 110.67 81.30 112.16 -27.5 Dominican Republic 78.54 75.09 73.89 75.77 76.61 -1.1 Honduras - 54.58 54.43 54.58 54.43 0.3 Jamaica 480.00 54.43 - 54.72 55.42 -1.3 Mexico 73.45 75.81 94.36 74.35 100.95 -26.3 Other** 80.33 389.30 70.37 82.45 76.10 8.3 South America Total 107.72 108.02 149.99 107.88

218

Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 240.59 241.38 218.40 240.85 225.80 6.7 Canada* 147.49 330.47 243.04 183.08 286.56 -36.1 Mexico 316.57 211.63 189.12 273.97 171.71 59.6 Other** 612.42 485.63 134.48 525.92 135.04 289.5 South America Total 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Other** 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Europe Total 259.26 255.24 - 257.06 427.83 -39.9 Other**

219

High Average Power, High Energy Short Pulse Fiber Laser System  

SciTech Connect

Recently continuous wave fiber laser systems with output powers in excess of 500W with good beam quality have been demonstrated [1]. High energy, ultrafast, chirped pulsed fiber laser systems have achieved record output energies of 1mJ [2]. However, these high-energy systems have not been scaled beyond a few watts of average output power. Fiber laser systems are attractive for many applications because they offer the promise of high efficiency, compact, robust systems that are turn key. Applications such as cutting, drilling and materials processing, front end systems for high energy pulsed lasers (such as petawatts) and laser based sources of high spatial coherence, high flux x-rays all require high energy short pulses and two of the three of these applications also require high average power. The challenge in creating a high energy chirped pulse fiber laser system is to find a way to scale the output energy while avoiding nonlinear effects and maintaining good beam quality in the amplifier fiber. To this end, our 3-year LDRD program sought to demonstrate a high energy, high average power fiber laser system. This work included exploring designs of large mode area optical fiber amplifiers for high energy systems as well as understanding the issues associated chirped pulse amplification in optical fiber amplifier systems.

Messerly, M J

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

220

Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 263.21 252.66 353.05 261.29 356.01 -26.6 Canada 263.51 252.66 353.05 258.82 356.01 -27.3 Panama 263.09 - - 263.09 - - South America Total 196.86 194.14 175.88 195.94 181.01 8.2 Brazil - - 157.60 - 157.60 - Colombia 196.86 194.14 322.06 195.94 246.68 -20.6 Europe Total 181.55 232.13 385.65 225.53 384.96 -41.4 Czech Republic - 475.91 - 475.91 - - Spain 360.51

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

COMPARISON OF SOLAR SURFACE FLOWS INFERRED FROM TIME-DISTANCE HELIOSEISMOLOGY AND COHERENT STRUCTURE TRACKING USING HMI/SDO OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect

We compare measurements of horizontal flows on the surface of the Sun using helioseismic time-distance inversions and coherent structure tracking of solar granules. Tracking provides two-dimensional horizontal flows on the solar surface, whereas the time-distance inversions estimate the full three-dimensional velocity flows in the shallow near-surface layers. Both techniques use Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager observations as input. We find good correlations between the various measurements resulting from the two techniques. Further, we find a good agreement between these measurements and the time-averaged Doppler line-of-sight velocity, and also perform sanity checks on the vertical flow that resulted from the three-dimensional time-distance inversion.

Svanda, Michal [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (v. v. i.), Fricova 298, CZ-25165 Ondrejov (Czech Republic); Roudier, Thierry; Rieutord, Michel [Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie, Universite de Toulouse, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, F-31400, Toulouse (France); Burston, Raymond; Gizon, Laurent, E-mail: michal@astronomie.cz [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Strasse 2, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Hilbert Space Average Method and adiabatic quantum search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss some aspects related to the so-called Hilbert space Average Method, as an alternative to describe the dynamics of open quantum systems. First we present a derivation of the method which does not make use of the algebra satisfied by the operators involved in the dynamics, and extend the method to systems subject to a Hamiltonian that changes with time. Next we examine the performance of the adiabatic quantum search algorithm with a particular model for the environment. We relate our results to the criteria discussed in the literature for the validity of the above-mentioned method for similar environments.

A. Perez

2009-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

W. R. Johnson An Average-Atom Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W. R. Johnson An Average-Atom Model h0 - Z r + V (r) a(r) = aa(r) potential: V (r) = (r )/R d - (3) d 1 + exp[( - µ)/kT ] P 2 (r) norm: Z = R 0 4r 2 (r) dr ­ ND ­ 04/02 1 #12;W. R. Johnson Electron-Fermi contributions to continuum ­ ND ­ 04/02 2 #12;W. R. Johnson Phase shifts: Al - T=10eV 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 electron

Johnson, Walter R.

224

Sensitivity analysis on the effect of software-induced common cause failure probability in the computer-based reactor trip system unavailability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reactor trip system has been digitized in advanced nuclear power plants, since the programmable nature of computer based systems has a number of advantages over non-programmable systems. However, software is still vulnerable to common cause failure (CCF). Residual software faults represent a CCF concern, which threat the implemented achievements. This study attempts to assess the effectiveness of so-called defensive strategies against software CCF with respect to reliability. Sensitivity analysis has been performed by re-quantifying the models upon changing the software failure probability. Importance measures then have been estimated in order to reveal the specific contribution of software CCF in the trip failure probability. The results reveal the importance and effectiveness of signal and software diversity as applicable strategies to ameliorate inefficiencies due to software CCF in the reactor trip system (RTS). No significant change has been observed in the rate of RTS failure probability for the basic software CCF greater than 1נ10?4. However, the related FussellVesley has been greater than 0.005, for the lower values. The study concludes that consideration of risk associated with the software based systems is a multi-variant function which requires compromising among them in more precise and comprehensive studies.

Shahabeddin Kamyab; Mohammadreza Nematollahi; Golnoush Shafiee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste

226

Geodesic Distance in Fisher Information Space and Holographic Entropy Formula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short note, we examine geodesic distance in Fisher information space in which the metric is defined by the entanglement entropy in CFT_(1+1). It is obvious in this case that the geodesic distance at a constant time is a function of the entropy data embedded into the information space. In a special case, the geodesic equation can be solved analytically, and we find that the distance agrees well with the Ryu-Takayanagi formula. Then, we can understand how the distance looks at the embeded quantum information. The result suggests that the Fisher metric is an efficient tool for constructing the holographic spacetime.

Hiroaki Matsueda

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Geodesic Distance in Planar Graphs: An Integrable Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the enumeration of planar graphs using bijections with suitably decorated trees, which allow for keeping track of the geodesic distances between faces of the graph. The corresponding generating functions obey non-linear recursion relations on the geodesic distance. These are solved by use of stationary multi-soliton tau-functions of suitable reductions of the KP hierarchy. We obtain a unified formulation of the (multi-) critical continuum limit describing large graphs with marked points at large geodesic distances, and obtain integrable differential equations for the corresponding scaling functions. This provides a continuum formulation of two-dimensional quantum gravity, in terms of the geodesic distance.

P. Di Francesco

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

228

Distance and overcurrent protection of feeders at distribution substation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The ???Distance and Overcurrent Protection of Feeders at Distribution Substation??? report will discuss protection of distribution feeders at a substation. The paper will discuss the (more)

Chedid, Youssef Pierre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Table 14a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Constant Dollars (constant dollars, cents per kilowatt-hour in "dollar year" specific to each AEO) AEO Dollar Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1995 1993 6.80 6.80 6.70 6.70 6.70 6.70 6.70 6.80 6.80 6.90 6.90 6.90 7.00 7.00 7.10 7.10 7.20 AEO 1996 1994 7.09 6.99 6.94 6.93 6.96 6.96 6.96 6.97 6.98 6.97 6.98 6.95 6.95 6.94 6.96 6.95 6.91 AEO 1997 1995 6.94 6.89 6.90 6.91 6.86 6.84 6.78 6.73 6.66 6.60 6.58 6.54 6.49 6.48 6.45 6.36

230

WIPP site and vicinity geological field trip. A report of a field trip to the proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant project in Southeastern New Mexico, June 16 to 18, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Evaluation Group is conducting an assessment of the radiological health risks to people from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. As a part of this work, EEG is making an effort to improve the understanding of those geological issues concerning the WIPP site which may affect the radiological consequences of the proposed repository. One of the important geological issues to be resolved is the timing and the nature of the dissolution processes which may have affected the WIPP site. EEG organized a two-day conference of geological scientists, on January 17-18, 1980. On the basis of the January conference and the June field trip, EEG has formed the following conclusions: (1) it has not been clearly established that the site or the surrounding area has been attacked by deep dissolution to render it unsuitable for the nuclear waste pilot repository; (2) the existence of an isolated breccia pipe at the site unaccompanied by a deep dissolution wedge, is a very remote possibility; (3) more specific information about the origin and the nature of the brine reservoirs is needed. An important question that should be resolved is whether each encounter with artesian brine represents a separate pocket or whether these occurrences are interconnected; (4) Anderson has postulated a major tectonic fault or a fracture system at the Basin margin along the San Simon Swale; (5) the area in the northern part of the WIPP site, identified from geophysical and bore hole data as the disturbed zone, should be further investigated to cleary understand the nature and significance of this structural anomaly; and (6) a major drawback encountered during the discussions of geological issues related to the WIPP site is the absence of published material that brings together all the known information related to a particular issue.

Chaturvedi, L.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Average System Cost Methodology : Administrator's Record of Decision.  

SciTech Connect

Significant features of average system cost (ASC) methodology adopted are: retention of the jurisdictional approach where retail rate orders of regulartory agencies provide primary data for computing the ASC for utilities participating in the residential exchange; inclusion of transmission costs; exclusion of construction work in progress; use of a utility's weighted cost of debt securities; exclusion of income taxes; simplification of separation procedures for subsidized generation and transmission accounts from other accounts; clarification of ASC methodology rules; more generous review timetable for individual filings; phase-in of reformed methodology; and each exchanging utility must file under the new methodology within 20 days of implementation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission of the ten major participating utilities, the revised ASC will substantially only affect three. (PSB)

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

relative humidity GIS data at relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of

233

Introduction The median problem for the reversal distance in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

genomes E. Ohlebusch, M.I. Abouelhoda, K. Hockel, J. Stallkamp University of Ulm, Germany CPM 2005 The median problem for the reversal distance in circular bacterial genomes #12;Introduction Methods Conclusion General Problem Distances Specific Problem Median Problem Given 3 genomes G1, G2, and G3, find

Lonardi, Stefano

234

Estimating Distances Using Least Cost Path Algorithms Rodney J. Dyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Distances Using Least Cost Path Algorithms Rodney J. Dyer February 27, 2012 Overview This vignette covers the methods necessary to take a raster and estimate the least cost path distance between points. In doing so, this will cover: 1. Load in a 'raster blank' 2. Modify the raster to change relative

Dyer, Rodney J.

235

Ris-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large wind farms offshore - study Sten Frandsen. As it is often the need for offshore wind farms, the model handles a regular array-geometry with straight rows distance between large wind farms in the offshore environment. The main results are given in Section 1

236

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances? John Aldo Lee, Michel Verleysen,verleysen}@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract. Recent papers have clearly shown the advantage of using the geodesic distance instead strongly crumpled manifolds have to be un- folded. Nevertheless, neither the Euclidean nor the geodesic

Verleysen, Michel

237

Parallel algorithms for approximation of distance maps on parametric surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

results demonstrate up to four orders of magnitude improvement in execution time compared to the state(n) numerical algorithm for first-order approximation of geodesic distances on geometry images, where n charts, parallel algorithms, GPU, SIMD 1. INTRODUCTION Approximation of geodesic distances on curved

Kimmel, Ron

238

RESEARCH NOTE DISTANCE CHEMORECEPTION AND THE DETECTION OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH NOTE DISTANCE CHEMORECEPTION AND THE DETECTION OF CONSPECIFICS IN OCTOPUS BIMACULOIDES. They detect odours on contact using chemosensory cells on their lips and suckers (Budelmann, 1996). They can also detect water-borne odours (distance chemoreception) using receptors in their olfactory organs

Boal, Jean

239

Keep Your Enemies Close: Distance Bounding Against Smartcard Relay Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keep Your Enemies Close: Distance Bounding Against Smartcard Relay Attacks Saar Drimer and Steven J by an implementation of the relay attack that has been tested on live systems. Once designers appreciate the risk to the smartcard standard, based on a distance bounding protocol, which provides adequate resistance to the relay

Xu, Wenyuan

240

Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Going the Distance Going the Distance Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance September 17, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Toggle Routes on/off Return to map → Solar Decathlon Journeys Visualizing the distances that each Solar Decathlon house travelled Click competitors to toggle their journeys on and off. All routes and distances are approximate. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Solar Decathlon 2013: In our new blog series, we're going behind the scenes to show you what it takes to compete in the Solar Decathlon. First up: Meet the teams competing this year and learn how they were selected. Part two looks at how the teams must master the art of fundraising. What does it take to design an energy-efficient, solar-powered house? Part three looks at creating a winning design.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

CHARTS / GRAPHS / IMAGES Mining Social Images with Distance Metric Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tagging Pengcheng Wu wupe0003@ntu.edu.sg Fig. Average precision at top t annotated tags under 11 methods

Hoi, Steven Chu-Hong

242

Effect Of Platooning on Fuel Consumption of Class 8 Vehicles Over a Range of Speeds, Following Distances, and Mass  

SciTech Connect

This research project evaluates fuel consumption results of two Class 8 tractor-trailer combinations platooned together compared to their standalone fuel consumption. A series of ten modified SAE Type II J1321 fuel consumption track tests were performed to document fuel consumption of two platooned vehicles and a control vehicle at varying steady-state speeds, following distances, and gross vehicle weights (GVWs). The steady-state speeds ranged from 55 mph to 70 mph, the following distances ranged from a 20-ft following distance to a 75-ft following distance, and the GVWs were 65K lbs and 80K lbs. All tractors involved had U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SmartWay-compliant aerodynamics packages installed, and the trailers were equipped with side skirts. Effects of vehicle speed, following distance, and GVW on fuel consumption were observed and analyzed. The platooning demonstration system used in this study consisted of radar systems, Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications, vehicle braking and torque control interface, cameras and driver displays. The lead tractor consistently demonstrated an improvement in average fuel consumption reduction as following distance decreased, with results showing 2.7% to 5.3% fuel savings at a GVW of 65k. The trailing vehicle achieved fuel consumption savings ranging from 2.8% to 9.7%; tests during which the engine cooling fan did not operate achieved savings of 8.4% to 9.7%. 'Team' fuel savings, considering the platooned vehicles as one, ranged from 3.7% to 6.4%, with the best combined result being for 55 mph, 30-ft following distance, and 65k GVW.

Lammert, M. P.; Duran, A.; Diez, J.; Burton, K.; Nicholson, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Simulated impact of sensor field of view and distance on field measurements of bidirectional reflectance factors for row crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is well established that a natural surface exhibits anisotropic reflectance properties that depend on the characteristics of the surface. Spectral measurements of the bidirectional reflectance factor (BRF) at ground level provide us a method to capture the directional characteristics of the observed surface. Various spectro-radiometers with different field of views (FOVs) were used under different mounting conditions to measure crop reflectance. The impact and uncertainty of sensor FOV and distance from the target have rarely been considered. The issue can be compounded with the characteristic reflectance of heterogeneous row crops. Because of the difficulty of accurately obtaining field measurements of crop reflectance under natural environments, a method of computer simulation was proposed to study the impact of sensor FOV and distance on field measured BRFs. A Monte Carlo model was built to combine the photon spread method and the weight reduction concept to develop the weighted photon spread (WPS) model to simulate radiation transfer in architecturally realistic canopies. Comparisons of the Monte Carlo model with both field BRF measurements and the RAMI Online Model Checker (ROMC) showed good agreement. \\{BRFs\\} were then simulated for a range of sensor FOV and distance combinations and compared with the reference values (distance at infinity) for two typical row canopy scenes. Sensors with a finite FOV and distance from the target approximate the reflectance anisotropy and yield average values over FOV. Moreover, the perspective projection of the sensor causes a proportional distortion in the sensor FOV from the ideal directional observations. Though such factors inducing the measurement error exist, it was found that the BRF can be obtained with a tolerable bias on ground level with a proper combination of sensor FOV and distance, except for the hotspot direction and the directions around it. Recommendations for the choice of sensor FOV and distance are also made to reduce the bias from the real angular signatures in field BRF measurement for row crops.

Feng Zhao; Yuguang Li; Xu Dai; Wout Verhoef; Yiqing Guo; Hong Shang; Xingfa Gu; Yanbo Huang; Tao Yu; Jianxi Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

An Exact Thickness-Weighted Average Formulation of the Boussinesq Equations WILLIAM R. YOUNG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Exact Thickness-Weighted Average Formulation of the Boussinesq Equations WILLIAM R. YOUNG application of thickness-weighted averaging to the Boussinesq equa- tions of motion results in averaged

Young, William R.

245

Jordan Thayer and Wheeler Ruml (UNH) Distance Estimates For Search 1 / 40 Using Distance Estimates In Heuristic Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan Thayer and Wheeler Ruml (UNH) Distance Estimates For Search ­ 1 / 40 Using Distance Estimates In Heuristic Search Jordan T. Thayer and Wheeler Ruml jtd7, ruml at cs.unh.edu slides at: http Search Bounded Suboptimal Anytime Search Summary Backup Slides Jordan Thayer and Wheeler Ruml (UNH

Ruml, Wheeler

246

Table 15. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual (nominal cents per kilowatt-hour) 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 AEO 1982 6.38 6.96 7.63 8.23 8.83 9.49 AEO 1983 6.85 7.28 7.74 8.22 8.68 9.18 13.12 AEO 1984 6.67 7.05 7.48 7.89 8.25 8.65 11.53 AEO 1985 6.62 6.94 7.32 7.63 7.89 8.15 8.46 8.85 9.20 9.61 10.04 AEO 1986 6.67 6.88 7.05 7.18 7.35 7.52 7.65 7.87 8.31 8.83 9.41 10.01 10.61 11.33 12.02 AEO 1987 6.63 6.65 6.92 7.12 7.38 7.62 7.94 8.36 8.86 11.99 AEO 1989* 6.50 6.75 7.14 7.48 7.82 8.11 8.50 8.91 9.39 9.91 10.49 11.05 11.61 AEO 1990 6.49 6.72 8.40 10.99 14.5 AEO 1991 6.94 7.31 7.59 7.82 8.18 8.38 8.54 8.73 8.99 9.38 9.83 10.29 10.83 11.36 11.94 12.58 13.21 13.88 14.58 15.21 AEO 1992 6.97 7.16 7.32 7.56 7.78 8.04 8.29 8.57 8.93 9.38 9.82 10.26 10.73 11.25 11.83 12.37 12.96 13.58 14.23 AEO 1993

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - averaged pulsar profiles Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: averaged pulsar profiles Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 astroph9911319 Pulsar Astronomy ---2000 and Beyond Summary: with higher than average surface dipole magnetic fields....

248

E-Print Network 3.0 - average power ratio Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a wind turbine Summary: of pairs of poles over the average power is also studied. Index Terms-- average wind power, battery... charging, permanent magnet synchronous machine. I....

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual average daily traffic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks ......

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - average daily traffic Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks...

251

Table 19. Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price of U.S. Coal Imports Price of U.S. Coal Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 19. Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 147.86 138.39 191.01 144.86 197.96 -26.8 Canada 147.86 138.39 191.00 144.86 197.95 -26.8 Mexico - - 286.23 - 286.23 - South America Total 75.29 80.74 86.52 77.20 87.17 -11.4 Argentina - - 504.70 - 504.70 - Colombia 74.87 80.74 83.03 76.96 85.25 -9.7 Peru 87.09 - - 87.09 - - Venezuela 91.81 - 122.01 91.81 112.61 -18.5 Europe Total - 136.50 137.33 136.50 146.31 -6.7

252

Climate: monthly and annual average atmospheric pressure GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

atmospheric pressure GIS data at atmospheric pressure GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract):Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are

253

Ensemble bayesian model averaging using markov chain Monte Carlo sampling  

SciTech Connect

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) has recently been proposed as a statistical method to calibrate forecast ensembles from numerical weather models. Successful implementation of BMA however, requires accurate estimates of the weights and variances of the individual competing models in the ensemble. In their seminal paper (Raftery etal. Mon Weather Rev 133: 1155-1174, 2(05)) has recommended the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm for BMA model training, even though global convergence of this algorithm cannot be guaranteed. In this paper, we compare the performance of the EM algorithm and the recently developed Differential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis (DREAM) Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm for estimating the BMA weights and variances. Simulation experiments using 48-hour ensemble data of surface temperature and multi-model stream-flow forecasts show that both methods produce similar results, and that their performance is unaffected by the length of the training data set. However, MCMC simulation with DREAM is capable of efficiently handling a wide variety of BMA predictive distributions, and provides useful information about the uncertainty associated with the estimated BMA weights and variances.

Vrugt, Jasper A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Diks, Cees G H [NON LANL; Clark, Martyn P [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Image Segmentation Using Active Contours and Evidential Distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We proposed a new segmentation based on Active Contours (AC) for vector-valued image that incorporates evidential distance. The proposed method combine both Belief Functions (BFs) and probability functions in ...

Foued Derraz; Antonio Pinti

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Verification of speckle contrast measurement interrelation with observation distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The speckle contrasts of two types of laser projectors were measured at various observation distances and observation lens pinhole diameters using a quantitative measurement technique. We found that the speckl...

Koji Suzuki; Tatsuo Fukui; Shigeo Kubota; Yasunori Furukawa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Cepheid Variables and their Application to the Cosmological Distance Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the current era of precision cosmology, measuring the expansion rate of the Universe (Hubble constant, or H0) more accurately and precisely helps to better constrain the properties of dark energy. Cepheid-based distances are a critical step...

Hoffmann, Samantha L

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

257

TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...

Zsom, Andras

258

A Trip to Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... her way to-a finishing school in London, said ' Don't you think the electric cars in Ottawa are better than anywhere else?' Of course they are, one cannot ... they are, one cannot but reply, quite bond-fide. Would not she brighten an electric car, wherever she was?"

1898-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

Propagation of Audio-Frequency Radio Waves to Great Distances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... distances from the source clearly showed that the main concentration of energy lay in the audio-frequency band below 10 kc./s. and that the higher-frequency components moved forward ... selective absorption, which, together with the low attenuation at the extreme ends of the audio-frequency range, accounts for the observed long-distance propagation characteristics of atmospherics1. As is ...

F. W. CHAPMAN; R. C. V. MACARIO

1956-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

Recording and Calculating Gunshot SoundChange of the Volume in Reference to the Distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment was conducted in an open practice ground (shooting range) regarding the recording of the sound of gunshots. Shots were fired using various types of firearms (seven pistols five revolvers two submachine guns one rifle and one shotgun) in different calibers from several various distances with reference to the recording sources. Both a conventional sound level meter (device) and a measurement microphone were used having been placed in a fixed point behind the shooting line. The sound of each shot was recorded (from the device). At the same time the signal received by the microphone was transferred to a connected computer through an appropriate audio interface with a pre?amplifier. Each sound wave was stored and depicted as a wave function. After the physic?mathematical analysis of these depictions the volume was calculated in the accepted engineering units(Decibels or dB) of Sound Pressure Level (SPL). The distances from the recording sources were 9.60 meters 14.40 m 19.20 m and 38.40 m. The experiment was carried out by using the following calibers: .22 LR 6.35 mm(.25 AUTO) 7.62 mm Tokarev (7 6225) 7.65 mm(.32 AUTO) 9 mm Parabellum (919) 9 mm Short (917) 9 mm Makarov (918) .45 AUTO .32 S&W .38 S&W .38 SPECIAL .357 Magnum 7 62 mm Kalashnikov (7 6239) and 12 GA. Tables are given for the environmental conditions (temperature humidity altitude & barometric pressure) the length of the barrel of each gun technical characteristics of the used ammunition as well as for the volume taken from the SLM. The data for the sound intensity were collected after 168 gunshots (158 single shot & 10 bursts). According to the results a decreasing of the volume equivalent to the increasing of the distance was remarked as it was expected. Values seem to follow the Inverse square Law. For every doubling of the distance from the sound source the sound intensity diminishes by 5.99040.2325 decibels (on average). In addition we have the chance of determining the volume of the gunshot sound coming from a certain type of weapon. A further application could be the calculation of the distance from a shooting firearm if one is aware of a recorded volume.

Tsiatis E. Nikolaos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Predators and distance between habitat patches modify gap crossing behaviour of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua, L. 1758)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When habitat refugia is fragmented and limited, movement of potential prey animals between patches of protective habitat may be driven by biotic factors including foraging opportunities, risk of predation mortality, as well as density effects. However, few studies have examined these factors in marine landscapes. We examined gap crossing behaviour of juvenile Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L. 1758, a species with high mortality throughout its juvenile stage. We examined the effect of inter-patch distance, fish length, group size, and the presence of a predator on gap crossing behaviour by juvenile cod in a 12נ3m experimental arena. Habitat patches consisting of artificial eelgrass were positioned within the arena with inter-patch distances of 3.0m and 7.5m. We observed a 37% reduction in frequency of gap crossing movements at larger distances compared to small ones. At the greater inter-patch distance, fish delayed departing a patch, depending on average group size. Juvenile fish released into a patch with a nearby predator moved across gaps 75% less frequently than fish originating in a predator-free patch. We also found that the presence of a predator delayed fish departure from a patch, again depending on group size. Our study demonstrates a suite of complex behavioural mechanisms that juvenile cod may exhibit to reduce predation risk as they navigate a landscape of fragmented habitat patches.

Mary R. Ryan; Shaun S. Killen; Robert S. Gregory; Paul V.R. Snelgrove

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The location of two-hand trip devices on full revolution mechanical power presses with regard to operator safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, , Point of operation. Flywheel dl ive and single geared trans- m1 8'-' lo l 12 Accepted safe openings between the bottom edg of. a guard and feed table at various distances from the point of operation. . . . . . . 21 Timing arrangemen't used by Lobl...' cal presses I s I, h(l conversion of rotary motion of a flywheel to rcl i J)F oca. ? ting motion of the pre. , s ram by means of an eccentric. The most common form of eccentricity used on mech;)ni. cal 2 presses is the crankshaf*. Other forms...

Masters, Randall Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Average Square Footage of Midwest Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 1 Average Square Footage of Midwest Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Midwest",25.9,2272,1898,1372,912,762,551 "Midwest Divisions and States" "East North Central",17.9,2251,1869,1281,892,741,508 "Illinois",4.8,2186,1911,1451,860,752,571 "Michigan",3.8,1954,1559,962,729,582,359 "Wisconsin",2.3,2605,2091,1258,1105,887,534

264

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Average Square Footage of West Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 3 Average Square Footage of West Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total West",24.8,1708,1374,800,628,506,294 "West Divisions and States" "Mountain",7.9,1928,1695,1105,723,635,415 "Mountain North",3.9,2107,1858,912,776,684,336 "Colorado",1.9,2082,1832,722,896,788,311 "Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming",2,2130,1883,1093,691,610,354

265

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Jump to: navigation, search Logo: FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Name FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Address 2890 Cherokee Lane Place Riverwoods, Illinois Zip 60015 Sector Vehicles Product Distance Measuring Instrument Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number (888) 876-6050 Website http://www.fast-measure.com Coordinates 42.181686°, -87.898862° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.181686,"lon":-87.898862,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar February 2, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs CAKE. Whether it takes the form of cupcakes, birthday cake, the ever-popular cheesecake or even gluten-free - it unfailingly brightens up almost anyone's day. CAKE the band, however, has taken the sweetness to another level with their newest album Showroom of Compassion, which was produced using 100 percent solar energy. The group formed in 1991 and took the Northern California music scene by storm in the mid-nineties. Since then, they've become internationally renowned headliners. Earlier this month, CAKE released their sixth album, recorded in a studio in Sacramento powered entirely by solar power.

267

Determination of the Solar Galactocentric distance from masers kinemics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the Galactic rotation parameters and the solar Galactocentric distance $R_0$ by simultaneously solving Bottlinger's kinematic equations using data on masers with known line-of-sight velocities and highly accurate trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions measured by VLBI. Our sample includes 93 masers spanning the range of Galactocentric distances R from 3 to 15 kpc. The solutions found are \\Omega_0 = 29.7+/-0.5 km s^{-1} kpc^{-1}, \\Omega'_0 = -4.20+/-0.11 km s^{-1} kpc^{-2}, \\Omega"_0 =0.730+/-0.029 km s^{-1} kpc^{-3}, and R_0=8.03+/-0.12 kpc. In this case, the linear rotation velocity at the solar distance R_0 is V_0=238+/-6 km s^{-1}.

Bajkova, A T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Choosing good distance metrics and local planners for probabilistic roadmap motion planning methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, particularly probabilistic roadmap methods. Our study of distance metrics showed that the importance of the translational distance increased relative to the rotational distance as the environment become more crowded. We find that each local planner makes some...

Bayazit, Osman Burchan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

269

Evidence against correlations between nuclear decay rates and Earth-Sun distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distance of the source to the Sun. This work was supportedNuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance Eric B. Normanand 241 Am and the Earth-Sun distance. We find no evidence

Norman, Eric B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Small distance expansion for radiative heat transfer between curved objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a small distance expansion for the radiative heat transfer between gently curved objects, in terms of the ratio of distance to radius of curvature. A gradient expansion allows us to go beyond the lowest order proximity transfer approximation. The range of validity of such expansion depends on temperature as well as material properties. Generally, the expansion converges faster for the derivative of the transfer than for the transfer itself, which we use by introducing a near-field adjusted plot. For the case of a sphere and a plate, the logarithmic correction to the leading term has a very small prefactor for all materials investigated.

Vladyslav A. Golyk; Matthias Krger; Alexander P. McCauley; Mehran Kardar

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

271

Distance relay application testing using a digital simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on distance relay application testing using simulated transient waveforms. Power system modeling and test procedure for using modern digital simulators are presented. Extensive study of five commercial relays comparing the application for a 345kV transmission line is carried out by performing thousands of one-terminal and synchronized two-terminal transient tests. The approach using digital simulators has proved to be an efficient technique. This paper presents a methodology for evaluating distance relay transient performance based on extensive laboratory testing. Important issues regarding application testing, such as CT and CCVT effects and selection of prefault waveform length, are also addressed and investigated in this paper.

Kezunovic, M.; Xia, Y.Q.; Guo, Y. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Fromen, C.W.; Sevcik, D.R. [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)] [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: April 28, 5: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on AddThis.com... Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices The American Automobile Association tracks gasoline and diesel prices

273

Fact #715: February 20, 2012 The Average Age of Light Vehicles Continues to Rise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The average age for cars and light trucks continues to rise as consumers hold onto their vehicles longer. Between 1995 and 2011, the average age for cars increased by 32% from 8.4 years to 11.1...

274

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

275

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: April 18, 1: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds on AddThis.com... Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds The Federal Highway Administration studies traffic volume and flow on major

276

Optical Properties of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Properties of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Model Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Model Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University Claude Guet, CEA/DAM Ile de of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Model Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University Claude Guet, CEA/DAM Ile de

Johnson, Walter R.

277

A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensitive to fuel prices than to CAFE standards, with the 2007 average fuel price implying that current CAFE09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim

Michalek, Jeremy J.

278

Development of the table of initial isolation distances and protective action distances for the 2004 emergency response guidebook.  

SciTech Connect

This report provides technical documentation for values in the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (PADs) in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2004). The objective for choosing the PADs specified in the ERG2004 is to balance the need to adequately protect the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances against the risks and expenses that could result from overreacting to a spill. To quantify this balance, a statistical approach is adopted, whereby the best available information is used to conduct an accident scenario analysis and develop a set of up to 1,000,000 hypothetical incidents. The set accounts for differences in containers types, incident types, accident severity (i.e., amounts released), locations, times of day, times of year, and meteorological conditions. Each scenario is analyzed using detailed emission rate and atmospheric dispersion models to calculate the downwind chemical concentrations from which a 'safe distance' is determined. The safe distance is defined as the distance downwind from the source at which the chemical concentration falls below health protection criteria. The American Industrial Hygiene Association's Emergency Response Planning Guideline Level 2 (ERPG-2) or equivalent is the health criteria used. The statistical sample of safe distance values for all incidents considered in the analysis are separated into four categories: small spill/daytime release, small spill/nighttime release, large spill/daytime release, and large spill/nighttime release. The 90th-percentile safe distance values for each of these groups became the PADs that appear in the ERG2004.

Brown, D. F.; Freeman, W. A.; Carhart, R. A.; Krumpolc, M.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois at Chicago

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Exemplar Breakpoint Distance for nontrivial genomes cannot be approximated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Exemplar Breakpoint Distance for non­trivial genomes cannot be approximated Guillaume Blin 1 ­ France guillaume.fertin@univ­nantes.fr Abstract. A promising and active field of comparative genomics con­ sists in comparing two genomes by establishing a one­to­one correspon­ dence (i.e., a matching) between

Fertin, Guillaume

280

Of mice and men: Algorithms for evolutionary distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of mice and men: Algorithms for evolutionary distances between genomes with translocation \\Lambda is combinatorial algorithms for genome rear­ rangement. In the course of its evolution, the genome of an organism is to determine the minimum number of such events that transform one genome to another. This number is called

Kececioglu, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A Formal Approach to Distance-Bounding RFID Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kasper2 Cristina Onete1 1 Darmstadt University of Technology & CASED, Germany www.minicrypt.de 2 Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT) and CASED, Germany Abstract. Distance one or two such threats, but no rigorous cryptographic security models --nor clean security proofs

282

Labeling trees with a condition at distance two  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For positive integers j ? k, an L(j, k)-labeling of graph G is an integer labeling of V(G) such that adjacent vertices receive labels which differ by at least j, and vertices that are distance two apart receive ... Keywords: ?j,k-labeling, infinite regular tree, vertex labeling

John P. Georges; David W. Mauro

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCIENCE Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater explosive ordnance Modern of the future are not human oriented, but robotics oriented. For robots to perform their mission of safety at the forefront of robotics design, these are the droids we are looking for. ­Dylan Platz Karnowski analyzes

Pennycook, Steve

284

SMART DISTANCE KEEPING: MODELING AND PERSPECTIVES FOR EMBEDDED DIAGNOSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a Renault-Volvo Trucks vehicle. One of the main differences between this new system, which is called is the distance between the vehicle (with the ACC or the SDK system) and the front obstacle (which may of a detection and isolation strategy for some of the possible faults that may be produced on the system

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

1 Introduction The Euclidean distance map (EDM) of a black  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the near­ est black pixel. The EDM plays an important role in machine vision, pattern recognitionTitle page 1 #12; 1 Introduction The Euclidean distance map (EDM) of a black and white n 2 n binary, and robotics[9]. Many algorithms have been proposed for com­ puting the EDM. Yamada[10] presented an EDM

Fujiwara, Akihiro

286

GIS IN SOIL & WATER SCIENCE Distance Education Sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is and what it can do. Work with and create GIS maps in ArcMap. Access and query a GIS database. Describe a dataset. Query and analyze GIS data. Create presentation-quality maps and graphs DELIVERY MODE: · CourseSWS 4720C GIS IN SOIL & WATER SCIENCE Distance Education Sections Fall 2013 Instructor Susan Curry

Ma, Lena

287

Computing the edit-distance between unrooted ordered trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In B, contract the edge x, and then change labels u; v; w;y; z to f; h; a; c; e. On the topComputing the edit-distance between unrooted ordered trees Philip N. Klein ? Department of Computer

Klein, Philip N.

288

Native 10Gigabit Ethernet experiments over long distances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current solutions for transmitting data over Wide Area Networks (WANs) are expensive and require protocol translation at layer 1. The IEEE recently standardized the 10Gigabit Ethernet (10GE) WAN PHY as a native gateway from the Local Area Networks ... Keywords: 10Gigabit Ethernet, Long-distance TCP, SONET/SDH, WAN PHY

Catalin Meirosu; Piotr Golonka; Andreas Hirstius; Stefan Stancu; Bob Dobinson; Erik Radius; Antony Antony; Freek Dijkstra; Johan Blom; Cees de Laat

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Weierstrass Pairs and Minimum Distance of Goppa Codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We prove that elements of the Weierstrass gap set of a pair of points may be used to define a geometric Goppa code which has minimum distance greater than the usual lower bound. We determine the Weierstrass gap set of a pair of any two Weierstrass ... Keywords: Hermitian code, Weierstrass pair, Weierstrass point

Gretchen L. Matthews

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008 Call for Nominations: Provost's Prize for Teaching with Technology Eligibility: Candidates must be a tenure-track or non's Prize for Teaching with Technology will be awarded to up to two recipients. Each recipient will receive

Southern California, University of

291

Collaborative Distance Education: The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collaborative Distance Education: The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance ... The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance is a consortium of four chemistry instructors from central Iowa high schools, several members of the Iowa State University faculty, and consultants from an Iowa Area Education Agency. ...

K. A. Burke; Thomas J. Greenbowe

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Modelling long-distance seed dispersal in heterogeneous landscapes.  

SciTech Connect

1. Long-distance seed dispersal is difficult to measure, yet key to understanding plant population dynamics and community composition. 2. We used a spatially explicit model to predict the distribution of seeds dispersed long distances by birds into habitat patches of different shapes. All patches were the same type of habitat and size, but varied in shape. They occurred in eight experimental landscapes, each with five patches of four different shapes, 150 m apart in a matrix of mature forest. The model was parameterized with smallscale movement data collected from field observations of birds. In a previous study we validated the model by testing its predictions against observed patterns of seed dispersal in real landscapes with the same types and spatial configuration of patches as in the model. 3. Here we apply the model more broadly, examining how patch shape influences the probability of seed deposition by birds into patches, how dispersal kernels (distributions of dispersal distances) vary with patch shape and starting location, and how movement of seeds between patches is affected by patch shape. 4. The model predicts that patches with corridors or other narrow extensions receive higher numbers of seeds than patches without corridors or extensions. This pattern is explained by edgefollowing behaviour of birds. Dispersal distances are generally shorter in heterogeneous landscapes (containing patchy habitat) than in homogeneous landscapes, suggesting that patches divert the movement of seed dispersers, holding them long enough to increase the probability of seed defecation in the patches. Dispersal kernels for seeds in homogeneous landscapes were smooth, whereas those in heterogenous landscapes were irregular. In both cases, long-distance (> 150 m) dispersal was surprisingly common, usually comprising approximately 50% of all dispersal events. 5. Synthesis . Landscape heterogeneity has a large influence on patterns of long-distance seed dispersal. Our results suggest that long-distance dispersal events can be predicted using spatially explicit modelling to scale-up local movements, placing them in a landscape context. Similar techniques are commonly used by landscape ecologists to model other types of movement; they offer much promise to the study of seed dispersal.

Levey, Douglas, J.; Tewlsbury, Joshua, J.; Bolker, Benjamin, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: May 10, 2010 2: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #622: May 10, 2010 Average Length of Light Vehicle Ownership on AddThis.com...

294

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: May 26, 2008 0: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on AddThis.com... Fact #520: May 26, 2008

295

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: June 3, 2002 9: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on AddThis.com... Fact #219: June 3, 2002

296

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: March 22, 2: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on AddThis.com...

297

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Average Square Footage of South Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 2 Average Square Footage of South Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total South",42.1,1867,1637,1549,732,642,607 "South Divisions and States" "South Atlantic",22.2,1944,1687,1596,771,668,633 "Virginia",3,2227,1977,1802,855,759,692 "Georgia",3.5,2304,1983,1906,855,736,707 "Florida",7,1668,1432,1509,690,593,625 "DC, DE, MD, WV",3.4,2218,1831,1440,864,713,561

298

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Square Footage of Single-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 4 Average Square Footage of Single-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Single-Family",78.6,2422,2002,1522,880,727,553 "Census Region" "Northeast",12.7,2843,2150,1237,1009,763,439 "Midwest",19.2,2721,2249,1664,1019,842,624 "South",29.7,2232,1945,1843,828,722,684 "West",16.9,2100,1712,1009,725,591,348 "Urban and Rural3"

299

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Average Square Footage of Northeast Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 0 Average Square Footage of Northeast Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Northeast",20.8,2121,1663,921,836,656,363 "Northeast Divisions and States" "New England",5.5,2232,1680,625,903,680,253 "Massachusetts",2.5,2076,1556,676,850,637,277 "CT, ME, NH, RI, VT",3,2360,1781,583,946,714,234 "Mid-Atlantic",15.3,2080,1657,1028,813,647,402

300

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Average Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 5 Average Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Multi-Family",28.1,930,807,535,453,393,261 "Census Region" "Northeast",7.6,991,897,408,471,426,194 "Midwest",5.6,957,857,518,521,466,282 "South",8.4,924,846,819,462,423,410 "West",6.5,843,606,329,374,269,146 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",26.9,927,803,531,450,390,258

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Average Square Footage of Mobile Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 6 Average Square Footage of Mobile Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Mobile Homes",6.9,1087,985,746,413,375,283 "Census Region" "Northeast",0.5,1030,968,711,524,492,362 "Midwest",1.1,1090,1069,595,400,392,218 "South",3.9,1128,1008,894,423,378,335 "West",1.4,995,867,466,369,322,173 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",3.5,1002,919,684,396,364,271

302

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Average Square Footage of U.S. Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 9 Average Square Footage of U.S. Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total",113.6,1971,1644,1230,766,639,478 "Census Region" "Northeast",20.8,2121,1663,921,836,656,363 "Midwest",25.9,2272,1898,1372,912,762,551 "South",42.1,1867,1637,1549,732,642,607 "West",24.8,1708,1374,800,628,506,294 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",88.1,1857,1546,1148,728,607,450

303

Distance-dependent electron transfer in DNA hairpins  

SciTech Connect

The distance dependence of photoinduced electron transfer in duplex DNA was determined for a family of synthetic DNA hairpins in which a stilbene dicarboxamide forms a bridge connecting two oligonucleotide arms. Investigation of the fluorescence and transient absorption spectra of these hairpins established that no photoinduced electron transfer occurs for a hairpin that has six deoxyadenosine-deoxythymidine base pairs. However, the introduction of a single deoxyguanosine-deoxycytidine base pair resulted in distance-dependent fluorescence quenching and the formation of the stilbene anion radical. Kinetic analysis suggests that duplex DNA is somewhat more effective than proteins as a medium for electron transfer but that it does not function as a molecular wire.

Lewis, F.D.; Wu, T.; Zhang, Y. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)] [and others] [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Distance-redshift relations in an anisotropic cosmological model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we study an anisotropic model generated from a particular Bianchi type-III metric, which is a generalization of Gdel's metric and an exact solution of Einstein's field equations. We analyse type Ia supernova data, namely the SDSS sample calibrated with the MLCS2k2 fitter, and we verify in which ranges of distances and redshifts the anisotropy could be observed. We also consider, in a joint analysis, the position of the first peak in the CMB anisotropy spectrum, as well as current observational constraints on the Hubble constant. We conclude that a small anisotropy is permitted by the data, and that more accurate measurements of supernova distances above z = 2 might indicate the existence of such anisotropy in the universe.

Menezes, R. S. Jr. [Instituto Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Pigozzo, C.; Carneiro, S., E-mail: rsmjr@ifba.edu.br, E-mail: cpigozzo@ufba.br, E-mail: saulo.carneiro.ufba@gmail.com [Instituto de Fsica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Long-distance distribution of genuine energy-time entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any practical realization of entanglement-based quantum communication must be intrinsically secure and able to span long distances avoiding the need of a straight line between the communicating parties. The violation of Bell's inequality offers a method for the certification of quantum links without knowing the inner workings of the devices. Energy-time entanglement quantum communication satisfies all these requirements. However, currently there is a fundamental obstacle with the standard configuration adopted: an intrinsic geometrical loophole that can be exploited to break the security of the communication, in addition to other loopholes. Here we show the first experimental Bell violation with energy-time entanglement distributed over 1 km of optical fibers that is free of this geometrical loophole. This is achieved by adopting a new experimental design, and by using an actively stabilized fiber-based long interferometer. Our results represent an important step towards long-distance secure quantum communication in optical fibers.

A. Cuevas; G. Carvacho; G. Saavedra; J. Carie; W. A. T. Nogueira; M. Figueroa; A. Cabello; P. Mataloni; G. Lima; G. B. Xavier

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

306

Application of Mutual Information Methods in Time-Distance Helioseismology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a new technique, the mutual information (MI) from information theory, to time-distance helioseismology, and demonstrate that it can successfully reproduce several classic results based on the widely used cross-covariance method. MI quantifies the deviation of two random variables from complete independence, and represents a more general method for detecting dependencies in time series than the cross-covariance function, which only detects linear relationships. We provide a brief description of the MI-based technique and discuss the results of the application of MI to derive the solar differential profile, a travel-time deviation map for a sunspot and a time-distance diagram from quiet Sun measurements.

Keys, Dustin; Pevtsov, Alexei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Electrical probe diagnostics for the laminar flame quenching distance  

SciTech Connect

A simplified theory, previously developed for the general case of weakly ionized gas flow, is used to predict electrical probe response when the flame is quenched on the probe surface. This theory is based on the planar model of space charge sheaths around the measuring electrode. For the flame quenching case, by assuming that the sheath thickness is comparable with the thermal boundary layer thickness, probe current can be related to flame quenching distance. The theoretical assumptions made to obtain the analytical formulation of probe current were experimentally proved by using direct visualization and high-frequency PIV. The direct visualization method was also used to validate the results of flame quenching distance values obtained with electrical probe. The electrical probe diagnostics have been verified for both head-on and sidewall flame quenching regimes and for stoichiometric methane/air and propane/air mixtures in a pressure range of 0.05-0.6 MPa. (author)

Karrer, Maxime; Makarov, Maxime [Renault Technocentre, 78288 Guyancourt Cedex (France); Bellenoue, Marc; Labuda, Sergei; Sotton, Julien [Laboratoire de Combustion et de Detonique, CNRS, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Type Ia Supernovae Yielding Distances with 3-4% Precision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The luminosities of Type Ia supernovae (SN), the thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars, vary systematically with their intrinsic color and light-curve decline rate. These relationships have been used to calibrate their luminosities to within ~0.14-0.20 mag from broadband optical light curves, yielding individual distances accurate to ~7-10%. Here we identify a subset of SN Ia that erupt in environments having high ultraviolet surface brightness and star-formation surface density. When we apply a steep model extinction law, these SN can be calibrated to within ~0.065-0.075 mag, corresponding to ~3-4% in distance -- the best yet with SN Ia by a substantial margin. The small scatter suggests that variations in only one or two progenitor properties account for their light-curve-width/color/luminosity relation.

Kelly, Patrick L; Burke, David L; Hicken, Malcolm; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Zheng, Weikang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Curvature dark energy reconstruction through different cosmographic distance definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ gravity, dark energy is a geometrical fluid with negative equation of state. Since the function $f(\\mathcal{R})$ is not known \\emph{a priori}, the need of a model independent reconstruction of its shape represents a relevant technique to determine which $f(\\mathcal{R})$ model is really favored with respect to others. To this aim, we relate cosmography to a generic $f(\\mathcal R)$ and its derivatives in order to provide a model independent investigation at redshift $z \\sim 0$. Our analysis is based on the use of three different cosmological distance definitions, in order to alleviate the duality problem, i.e. the problem of which cosmological distance to use with specific cosmic data sets. We therefore consider the luminosity, $d_L$, flux, $d_F$, and angular, $d_A$, distances and we find numerical constraints by the Union 2.1 supernovae compilation and measurement of baryonic acoustic oscillations, at $z_{BAO}=0.35$. We notice that all distances reduce to the same expression, i.e. $d_{L;F;A}\\sim\\frac{1}{\\mathcal H_0}z$, at first order. Thus, to fix the cosmographic series of observables, we impose the initial value of $H_0$ by fitting $\\mathcal H_0$ through supernovae only, in the redshift regime $ztheoretical bounds, while its variation, namely the jerk parameter, is compatible with $j_0>1$. Finally, we infer the functional form of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ by means of a truncated polynomial approximation, in terms of fourth order scale factor $a(t)$.

Salvatore Capozziello; Mariafelicia De Laurentis; Orlando Luongo

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

310

Time, Distance, Velocity, Redshift: a personal guided tour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An attempt to answer the question 'Can we observe galaxies that recede faster than light ?' led to a re-examination of the notions of time, distance, velocity and redshift as they occur in newtonian physics, special relativity, general relativity and cosmology. A number of misconceptions were uncovered. It was found that, once freed of special relativity preconceptions, the above question is easily and unequivocally answered

T. Kiang

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

An Improved Method to Test the Distance-Duality Relation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many researchers have performed cosmological-model-independent tests for the distance-duality (DD) relation. Theoretical work has been conducted based on the results of these tests. However, we find that almost all of these tests were perhaps not cosmological-model-independent after all, because the distance moduli taken from a given type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) compilation are dependent on a given cosmological model and Hubble constant. In this Letter, we overcome these defects and by creating a new cosmological-model-independent test for the DD relation. We use the original data from the Union2 SNe Ia compilation and the angular diameter distances from two galaxy cluster samples compiled by De Filippis et al. and Bonamente et al. to test the DD relation. Our results suggest that the DD relation is compatible with observations, and the spherical model is slightly better than the elliptical model at describing the intrinsic shape of galaxy clusters if the DD relation is valid. However, these results are different from those of previous work.

Xi Yang; Hao-Ran Yu; Zhi-Song Zhang; Tong-Jie Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A quantum theory of distance along a curve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a quantum theory of distances along a curve, based on a linear line element that is equal to the operator square root of the quadratic metric of Riemannian geometry. Since the linear line element is an operator, we treat it according to the rules of quantum mechanics and interpret its eigenvalues as physically observable distances; the distance eigenvalues are naturally quantized. There are both positive and negative eigenvalues, which requires interpretation. Multi-element curves are defined as direct sums of line elements, and behave much like systems of spin half electrons in a magnetic field. For a curve of many elements an entropy and energy and temperature are quite naturally defined, leading via standard statistical thermodynamics to a relation between the most probable curve length and temperature. That relation may be viewed as a universal heat-shrinking property of curves. At this stage of the theory we do not include bodies or particles in the mix, do not suggest field equations for the quantum geometry, and questions of interpretation remain. The theory might conceivably be testable using observations of the early Universe, when the temperature of space was presumably quite high. In particular cosmogenesis may be thought of as time stopping at an infinite temperature as we go backwards in time to the beginning.

Ronald J. Adler

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

313

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803: November 11, 2013 Average Number of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: November 11, 3: November 11, 2013 Average Number of Transmission Gears is on the Rise to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803: November 11, 2013 Average Number of Transmission Gears is on the Rise on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803: November 11, 2013 Average Number of Transmission Gears is on the Rise on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803: November 11, 2013 Average Number of Transmission Gears is on the Rise on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803: November 11, 2013 Average Number of Transmission Gears is on the Rise on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803: November 11, 2013 Average Number of Transmission Gears is on the Rise on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #803:

314

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22 22 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is

315

Matter seen at many scales and the geometry of averaging in relativistic cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the scale-dependence of Eulerian volume averages of scalar functions on Riemannian three-manifolds. We propose a complementary view of a Lagrangian scaling of variables as opposed to their Eulerian averaging on spatial domains. This program explains rigorously the origin of the Ricci deformation flow for the metric, a flow which, on heuristic grounds, has been already suggested as a possible candidate for averaging the initial data set for cosmological spacetimes.

Thomas Buchert; Mauro Carfora

2001-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

316

Vibration measurement by the time-averaged electronic speckle pattern interferometry methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three different image-processing methods based on the time-averaged technique were compared by the electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI) technique for vibration measurement....

Wang, Wei-Chung; Hwang, Chi-Hung; Lin, Shu-Yu

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Fact #851 December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

trucks. Note: Based on production. 2014 production data are preliminary. Fact 851 Dataset Supporting Information Average Number of Gears in New Cars and Light Trucks Model...

318

Atmospheric propagation simulations and Boeing's high average power free electron laser ; .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The development of a high average power FEL for military applications, whether shipboard or not, represents a significant advancement in technology over present weapons systems (more)

Ramos, Luis.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - average formation length Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is reported... independently by each robot by averaging the x and y positions of all the robots involved in the formation. Each... maintenance. Three performance metrics are...

320

Table N8.3. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

E-Print Network 3.0 - average angular momentum Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

T 1 angular momentum given bulk plasma a single ensemble-average particle... minority ion-cyclotron heating, even though process ... Source: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory,...

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - average-climate basis non-audited Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and species- Table 2 Average climate variables for domains currently... species or ecosystem services. Climate-dynamic domains provide an objective ... Source: Hoffman,...

323

Vibration measurement using phase-shifting time-average holographic interferometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer image processing techniques for the measurement of vibration amplitude are presented, which utilize phase-shifted time-average holographic interferograms. The calculation of...

Nakadate, Suezou

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - area average temperature Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Fisheries Sciences Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 24 The Greenhouse Effect Temperature Equilibrium Summary: - it is neither heating nor cooling on average....

325

E-Print Network 3.0 - average resonance neutron Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

barns) (Figure 1) covering four average lethargy steps... Verification of Neutron Phenomenology in Lead and Transmutation by Adiabatic Resonance Crossing in Accelerator... and...

326

Human-mediated dispersal of seeds over long distances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...38 Bo: 1.55 power exponential...the mechanistic wind dispersal model...3.90.11 plant height (m) B...dispersal kernel for wind dispersal and...Average vertical winds (table 2, scenario...and the fitted power-exponential...scenarios: (a,b) plant growing next to...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Gradient-Based Distance Estimation for Spatial Computers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the reduced width area, the average gradient value Gout avg and the SMG value Gout si are shown using Equation (12) and (13). If...Gin si as shown using Equation (14) and (15). Gout avg = nl (a - 1) + nl a + nl (a + 1) nl = a......

Qingzhi Liu; Andrei Pruteanu; Stefan Dulman

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

"Table A49. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas" 9. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas" " by Type of Supplier, Census Region, and Economic Characteristics of the" " Establishment, 1991" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Units)" ," Electricity",," Steam",," Natural Gas" ," (Million kWh)",," (Billion Btu)",," (1000 cu ft)" ,"-","-----------","-","-----------","-","-","-","RSE" " ","Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Transmission","Other","Row"

329

Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Simulation of a 2D Circulation Control Wind Tunnel Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Simulation of a 2D Circulation Control Wind Tunnel Experiment Brian airfoil. 2D and 3D simulation results are compared to a circulation control wind tunnel test conducted simulations are performed using a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) flow solver for a circulation control

Frey, Pascal

330

A spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1). Solar radiation, averaged over ten minute intervals, was recorded at each site for two yearsA spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation C.A. Glasbey and D, is important in many hydrological, agricultural and energy contexts. To assess solar energy potential, data

Stone, J. V.

331

Innovative reliability allocation using the maximal entropy ordered weighted averaging method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reliability allocation is one of the most important factors to consider when determining the reliability and competitiveness of a product. The feasibility-of-objectives (FOO) technique has become the current standard for assessing reliability designs ... Keywords: Average weighting allocation method, Feasibility-of-objectives technique, Maximal entropy ordered weighted averaging, Reliability allocation

Yung-Chia Chang; Kuie-Hu Chang; Cheng-Shih Liaw

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

ON THE SELF-AVERAGING OF WAVE ENERGY IN RANDOM GUILLAUME BAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON THE SELF-AVERAGING OF WAVE ENERGY IN RANDOM MEDIA GUILLAUME BAL Abstract. We consider the stabilization (self-averaging) and destabilization of the energy of waves propagating in random media transport equations for arbitrary statistical moments of the wave field is used to show that wave energy

Bal, Guillaume

333

The kernel average for two convex functions and its application to ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 9, 2007 ... Definition 1.1 (kernel average) Let f1,f2,g ? ?(X), ?1 + ?2 = 1 with ?1,?2 > 0 ... We call this the average of f1 and f2 with respect to the kernel g or...

2007-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

334

Morgantown Cost of Living Exceeds National Average By Eric Bowen, Research Associate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Morgantown Cost of Living Exceeds National Average By Eric Bowen, Research Associate Tess Meinert, Research Associate John Deskins, Ph.D., Director Overview The overall cost of living in Morgantown was 5. Morgantown's higher-than-average cost of living is primarily driven by housing costs. The city falls below

Mohaghegh, Shahab

335

A Time-AverageModel of the RF PlasmaSheath Demetre J, Economou.3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Time-AverageModel of the RF PlasmaSheath Demetre J, Economou.3 Department of Chemical Engineering 97077 Richard C. Alkire* Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 6t801 ABSTRACT A time-average model of the RF plasma sheath was developed. The ion "fluid" equations

Economou, Demetre J.

336

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

337

Lagrangian Formulation of Relativistic Particle Average Motion in a Laser Field of Arbitrary Intensity  

SciTech Connect

The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian functions describing average motion of a relativistic particle under the action of intensive high-frequency electromagnetic radiation are obtained. In weak, low-frequency background fields, such a particle on average drifts with an effective, relativistically invariant mass, which depends on the intensity of the electromagnetic field.

I.Y. Dodin; N.J. Fisch; G.M. Fraiman

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

338

ROBUSTNESS OF ISS SYSTEMS TO INPUTS WITH LIMITED MOVING AVERAGE, WITH APPLICATION TO SPACECRAFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Cybernetics, O. S. Bragstads plass 2D, NTNU, 7491 Trondheim, NORWAY bUniv. Paris Sud 11 - L2S - EECI - Sup to a class of signals with bounded average-energy, which encompasses the typical disturbances acting on space, energy, average energy, etc.) are typ- ically available. These perturbing signals may have diverse

Boyer, Edmond

339

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to

340

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

342

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

343

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

344

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

345

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

346

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS data at 10km resolution for GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

347

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

348

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

349

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

350

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

351

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

352

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

353

A Hybrid Long-Distance Entanglement Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a hybrid (continuous-discrete variable) quantum repeater protocol for distribution of entanglement over long distances. Starting from entangled states created by means of single-photon detection, we show how entangled coherent state superpositions, also known as `Schr\\"odinger cat states', can be generated by means of homodyne detection of light. We show that near-deterministic entanglement swapping with such states is possible using only linear optics and homodyne detectors, and we evaluate the performance of our protocol combining these elements.

Jonatan B. Brask; Ioannes Rigas; Eugene S. Polzik; Ulrik L. Andersen; Anders S. Sorensen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Gamma ray burst distances and the timescape cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma ray bursts can potentially be used as distance indicators, providing the possibility of extending the Hubble diagram to redshifts ~7. Here we follow the analysis of Schaefer (2007), with the aim of distinguishing the timescape cosmological model from the \\LambdaCDM model by means of the additional leverage provided by GRBs in the range 2 < z < 7. We find that the timescape model fits the GRB sample slightly better than the \\LambdaCDM model, but that the systematic uncertainties are still too little understood to distinguish the models.

Peter R. Smale

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

355

An advanced method for testing of distance relay operating characteristics  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a test method for distance relays using an advanced open-loop digital simulator. Derivation of test signals during prefault and fault, and test procedure are introduced. It is demonstrated that the method of generating test signals and the procedure of applying them to a relay under test directly affect test results. Prefault voltage and current are also a very important factor. The decaying dc offset is considered as well. Test results for five different relays using this new method are presented in this paper. The results demonstrate practical benefits of the test method.

Kezunovic, M.; Xia, Y.Q. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Fromen, C.W.; Sevcik, D.R. [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)] [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

42 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 231 Number of trips 676,414 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,753,009 Avg trip distance (mi) 8.3 Avg distance traveled per day...

357

EV Project Chevrolet Volt Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fuel economy (mpg) 155 Overall electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 242 Number of trips 147,886 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,184,265 Avg trip distance (mi) 8.0 Avg distance...

358

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2011 through March 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 3,364 Total distance traveled (mi) 21,706 Avg trip distance (mi) 5.8 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

359

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

through September 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 813,430 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,837,173 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

360

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 through June 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 787,895 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,666,469 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

through December 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 969,853 Total distance traveled (mi) 6,724,952 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.9 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

362

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report-Reporting period...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

through September 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 536,548 Total distance traveled (mi) 3,718,272 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.9 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

363

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 through March 2012 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 773,602 Total distance traveled (mi) 5,558,155 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.2 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

364

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

through December 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 707,330 Total distance traveled (mi) 4,878,735 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.9 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

365

EV Project NIssan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2011 through June 2011 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 160,588 Total distance traveled (mi) 1,077,931 Avg trip distance (mi) 6.7 Avg distance traveled per day when the vehicle was...

366

EV Project Nissan Leaf Vehicle Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

40 Reporting period: January 2013 through March 2013 Vehicle Usage Number of trips 1,075,251 Total distance traveled (mi) 7,563,354 Avg trip distance (mi) 7.0 Avg distance...

367

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49031 49031 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to

368

Investigation of main coolant pump trip problem in case of SB LOCA for Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, WWER-440/V230  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the results of thermal-hydraulic calculation of accident scenarios that involve the trip of main coolant pump (MCP) in case of Small break loss of coolant accident (SB LOCA) for WWER-440/V230 units at Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP), done in support of the development of Symptom Based Emergency Operating Procedures (SB EOPs) for this plant. The main purpose of these analyses is to show how the different time of MCP switching off results in primary inventory depletion in case of SB LOCA and it is reflect on peak cladding temperature. According to this, the SB LOCA scenario is regarded from the point of view of an inadequate core cooling. Therefore, the primary concern is Critical Safety Function (CSF) Core cooling and Primary inventory. High core residual heat, minimal safety injection flow and other initial conditions challenging the mentioned \\{CSFs\\} are the main particularities of the accepted scenarios. The RELAP5/MOD3.2 computer code has been used to perform the analyses in a WWER-440 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) model. A model of WWER-440 based on Unit 4 of Kozloduy NPP has been developed for the systems thermal-hydraulics code RELAP5/MOD3.2 at the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (INRNE-BAS), Sofia.

Pavlin Groudev; Marina Andreeva; Malinka Pavlova

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Observations of the long distance exploding wire restrike mechanism  

SciTech Connect

An exploding wire restrike mechanism is applied to create plasma paths up to 9 m in length. The mechanism uses enameled copper wires in a 5 to 10 kV/m region of average electric field (AEF). This relatively low AEF restrike mechanism appears to be linked to the formation of plasma beads along the wire's length. Voltage traces, measurement of relative emitted light intensity and photographs are presented at AEFs below, inside and above the identified restrike region.

Sinton, Rowan; Herel, Ryan van; Enright, Wade; Bodger, Pat [Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800 Christchurch (New Zealand)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

"Table HC1.2.3 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--" 3 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--" " Single-Family Housing Units and Mobile Homes, 2005" ,,"Single- Family and Mobile Homes (millions)","Average Square Feet per Housing Unit" ," Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Single-Family Detached",,,"Single-Family Attached",,,"Mobile Homes" "Housing Unit Characteristics",,,"Total1","Heated","Cooled","Total1","Heated","Cooled","Total1","Heated","Cooled" "Total",111.1,86.6,2522,1970,1310,1812,1475,821,1055,944,554 "Total Floorspace (Square Feet)" "Fewer than 500",3.2,0.9,261,336,162,"Q","Q","Q",334,260,"Q"

371

Research article Effects of patch attributes, barriers, and distance between patches on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research article Effects of patch attributes, barriers, and distance between patches, Isolation, Lagidium, Matrix, Metapopulation, Mountain vizcacha, Patagonia, Patch size Abstract We tested whether size of habitat patches and distance between patches are sufficient to predict the distribution

Branch, Lyn C.

372

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes David,kobbelt}@cs.rwth-aachen.de Abstract We present an algorithm for the efficient and accu- rate computation of geodesic distance fields the original algorithm is able to compute geodesic distances to isolated points on the mesh only, our

Frey, Pascal

373

Does Distance Still Matter? Revisiting the CSCW Fundamentals on Distributed Collaboration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Does distance still matter? Reporting on a comparative analysis of four ethnographic studies of global software development, this article analyzes the fundamental aspects of distance as depicted in the famous paper Distance Matters. ... Keywords: Common ground, closely coupled work, collaboration readiness, collaboration technology readiness, coupling of work

Pernille Bjrn, Morten Esbensen, Rasmus Eskild Jensen, Stina Matthiesen

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modelling Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) Protocol with Timed Automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protocols using Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector AODV [DPR02] as our test protocol. AODV is one of mobile adModelling Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) Protocol with Timed Automata Sibusisiwe Chiyangwa On-demand Distance Vector protocol (AODV). Keywords: automatic veri#12;cation, model checking, real

Oxford, University of

375

Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams November 4, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $30.6 million in Recovery Act funding for the selection of seven hydropower projects that modernize hydropower infrastructure by increasing efficiency and reducing environmental impacts at existing facilities. The expanded hydro generation projects have estimated incremental costs of less than 4 cents per kWh on average. The selections announced today will deploy innovative technologies such as high-efficiency, fish-friendly turbines, improved water intakes, and

376

Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report Docket No. EO-05-01. As supporting documentation for "Update 1 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from Mirant's Potomac River Power Plant: Modeling Unit 1 Emissions in a Cycling Mode" this memo documents the fact that the observed 24-hour SO2 background concentrations during periods when meteorological conditions produce the highest impacts from Unit 1. Derivation of 24-Hour Average SO2, Background for the Update 1 Report More Documents & Publications Review of the ENSR Report Titled "Update 1 to: A Dispersion Modeling Analysis of Downwash from Mirant's Potomac River Power Plant"

377

Bright High Average Power Table-top Soft X-Ray Lasers  

SciTech Connect

We have demonstrated the generation of bright soft x-ray laser pulses with record-high average power from compact plasma amplifiers excited by ultrafast solid state lasers. These lasers have numerous applications in nanoscience and nanotechnology.

Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Reagan, Brendon [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wernsing, Keith [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Curtis, Alden [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Nichols,, Anthony [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wang, Shoujun [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Furch, Federico [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Woolston, Mark [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Patel, Dinesh [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Marconi, Mario [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Menoni, Carmen [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Generalized Volume-Averaged Filtration Combustion Model and Its Application for Calculating Carbon Gasifiers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a generalized volume-averaged model of filtration combustion of gases taking into account the spatial inhomogeneity of a porous medium and the change in porosity due to the heterogeneous chem...

K. V. Dobrego; I. A. Koznacheev

379

E-Print Network 3.0 - averaged diurnal cycle Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029, Diurnal and semidiurnal internal tide energy flux at Summary: are averaged over. The observed slope of 0.25 degrees is...

380

U.S. Average Depth of Natural Gas Developmental Wells Drilled...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Developmental Wells Drilled (Feet per Well) U.S. Average Depth of Natural Gas Developmental Wells Drilled (Feet per Well) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

U.S. Average Depth of Natural Gas Exploratory Wells Drilled ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Wells Drilled (Feet per Well) U.S. Average Depth of Natural Gas Exploratory Wells Drilled (Feet per Well) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - average solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Annales...

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - average current rf Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

management estimates the channel upon a frame recep- tion. MIMO... MHz bandwidth. 6.2 Simulation Results We compare the average energy per bit of RF chain management... measure...

384

Identification of an average temperature and a dynamical pressure in a multitemperature mixture of fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of an average temperature and a dynamical pressure in a multitemperature mixture pressure even if the fluids have a zero bulk viscosity. The nonequilib- rium dynamical pressure can

Boyer, Edmond

385

Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call...

Stroahaber, James; Kolomenskii, A; Schuessler, Hans

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

386

Free Energy Self-Averaging in Protein-Sized Random Heteropolymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current theories of heteropolymers are inherently macrpscopic, but are applied to folding proteins which are only mesoscopic. In these theories, one computes the averaged free energy over sequences, always assuming that it is self-averaging -- a property well-established only if a system with quenched disorder is macroscopic. By enumerating the states and energies of compact 18, 27, and 36mers on a simplified lattice model with an ensemble of random sequences, we test the validity of the self-averaging approximation. We find that fluctuations in the free energy between sequences are weak, and that self-averaging is a valid approximation at the length scale of real proteins. These results validate certain sequence design methods which can exponentially speed up computational design and greatly simplify experimental realizations.

Jeffrey Chuang; Alexander Yu. Grosberg; Mehran Kardar

2001-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

387

Bayesian Approach to DNA Segmentation into Regions with Different Average Nucleotide Composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a new method of segmentation of nucleotide sequences into regions with different average composition. The sequence is modelled as a series of segments; within each segment the sequence is considered as a random sequence of independent and ...

Vsevolod Makeev; Vasily Ramensky; Mikhail S. Gelfand; Mikhail A. Roytberg; Vladimir Tumanyan

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Computing electricity spot price prediction intervals using quantile regression and forecast averaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine possible accuracy gains from forecast averaging in the context of interval forecasts of electricity spot prices. First, we test whether constructing empirical prediction intervals (PI) from combined electricity

Jakub Nowotarski; Rafa? Weron

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Model Years 2012-2016  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The final rule for the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards was published in March 2010. Under this rule, each light vehicle model produced for sale in the United States will have a fuel...

390

Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars and Light Trucks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A vehicle footprint is the area defined by the four points where the tires touch the ground. It is calculated as the product of the wheelbase and the average track width of the vehicle. The...

391

E-Print Network 3.0 - average shaped atlas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

shaped atlas Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average shaped atlas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Retrospective Cross-Evaluation of an...

392

Design and Analysis on Face-Cooled Disk Faraday Rotator under High Average Power Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel, scalable Faraday rotator has been designed for high-average-power lasers in a gas-cooled multi-disk scheme. The concept with a negligible thermal distortion and birefringence...

Yasuhara, Ryo; Yamanaka, Masanobu; Norimatsu, Takayoshi; Izawa, Yasukazu; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Ikegawa, Tadashi; Matsumoto, Osamu; Sekine, Takashi; Kurita, Takashi; Kan, Hirofumi; Furukawa, Hiroyuki

393

Design and Analysis on Face-Cooled Disk Faraday Rotator for High Average Power Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel, scalable Faraday rotator has been designed for high-average-power lasers in a gas-cooled multi-disk scheme. The concept with a negligible thermal distortion and birefringence...

Yasuhara, R; Yamanaka, M; Norimatsu, T; Izawa, Y; Kawashima, T; Ikegawa, T; Matsumoto, O; Sekine, T; Kurita, T; Kan, H; Furukawa, H

394

Idealized annually averaged Macroturbulent Hadley 3 Circulation in a Shallow Water Model 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1 2 Idealized annually averaged Macroturbulent Hadley 3 Circulation driven Hadley 25 circulation is studied using an idealized shallow water model, is predicted by an effective macroturbulent Hadley circulation 32 Prandtl number, Pr

Harnik, Nili

395

Vibration analysis of plates by a time-averaged projection-moir method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time-averaged moir principle is described that is appropriate for vibration analysis of plates. If the projected grating, deformed by the vibrating object, is superposed upon a...

Ritter, Reinhold; Meyer, Hans-Juergen

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Non-standard stochastic averaging of large-amplitude ship rolling in random seas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...open seas. But how long does it take on average for a...and M. D. Friedman 1954 Handbook of elliptic integrals for...in this Data Supplement: Electronic supplementary material Supplementary Calculations Adobe PDF - rspa20120258supp1...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Best-practice and average practice: technique choice and energy demand in a vintage model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparisons between best-practice use of energy and average practice have become quite popular ... in debates and scenarios about future need for energy, and sometimes fairly strong conclusions are drawn about lo...

Lennart Hjalmarsson; Finn R. Frsund

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Table 7.5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." " ",," "," ",," "," ","RSE" "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"Row" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Factors" ,"Total United States"

399

Table N8.2. Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 2. Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Selected","Wood and Other","Biomass","Components" ,,,,,,,"Coal Components",,,"Coke",,"Electricity","Components",,,,,,,,,,,,,"Natural Gas","Components",,"Steam","Components" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Total",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Wood Residues" " "," "," ",,,,,"Bituminous",,,,,,"Electricity","Diesel Fuel",,,,,,"Motor",,,,,,,"Natural Gas",,,"Steam",,,," ",,,"and","Wood-Related",," ",," "

400

"Table A25. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" . Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" " Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 1" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Unit)" ,,,,," " " "," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(c)"," "," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(1000","LPG","Coal","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","(kWh)","(gallon)","(gallon)","cu ft)","(gallon)","(short ton)","Factors"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Table 7.1 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: All Energy Sources Collected;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Selected Wood and Other Biomass Components" ,,,,,,"Coal Components",,,"Coke",,,"Electricity Components",,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Natural Gas Components",,,"Steam Components" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Total",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Wood Residues" " "," "," ",,,,,"Bituminous",,,,,,"Electricity","Diesel Fuel",,,,,,"Motor",,,,,,,"Natural Gas",,,"Steam",,,," ",,,"and","Wood-Related",," ",," "

402

Table 7.2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; " " Column: All Energy Sources Collected;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Selected Wood and Other Biomass Components" ,,,,,,"Coal Components",,,"Coke",,,"Electricity Components",,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Natural Gas Components",,,"Steam Components" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Total",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Wood Residues" " "," "," ",,,,,"Bituminous",,,,,,"Electricity","Diesel Fuel",,,,,,"Motor",,,,,,,"Natural Gas",,,"Steam",,,," ",,,"and","Wood-Related",," ",," "

403

Experiments with a time-dependent, zonally averaged, seasonal, enery balance climatic model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXPERIMENTS WITH A TI&E-DEPENDENT, ZONALLY AVERAGED, SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the decree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Meteorology EXPERIMENTS WITH A TIME DEPENDENT~ ZONALLY AVERAGED~ SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee...

Thompson, Starley Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

Table 7.4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"RSE" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(kWh)","(gallons)","(gallons)","(1000 cu ft)","(gallons)","(short tons)","Factors"

405

Table 7.3 Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 20  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2002;" 3 Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." ,,,"Electricity","Components",,"Natural Gas","Components",,"Steam","Components" " "," ",,,"Electricity",,,"Natural Gas",,,"Steam"," ",," " " "," ",,"Electricity","from Sources",,"Natural Gas","from Sources",,"Steam","from Sources"

406

"Table E8.1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"RSE" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(kWh)","(gallons)","(gallons)","(1000 cu ft)","(gallons)","(short tons)","Factors"

407

"Table E8.2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." " ",," "," ",," "," ","RSE" "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Row" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Factors" ,"Total United States"

408

Variability Analysis of Complex Networks Measures based on Stochastic Distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex networks can model the structure and dynamics of different types of systems. It has been shown that they are characterized by a set of measures. In this work, we evaluate the variability of complex networks measures face to perturbations and, for this purpose, we impose controlled perturbations and quantify their effect. We analyze theoretical models (random, small-world and scale-free) and real networks (a collaboration network and a metabolic networks) along with the shortest path length, vertex degree, local cluster coefficient and betweenness centrality measures. In such analysis, we propose the use of three stochastic quantifiers: the Kullback-Leibler divergence and the Jensen-Shannon and Hellinger distances. The sensitivity of these measures was analyzed with respect to the following perturbations: edge addition, edge removal, edge rewiring and node removal, all of them applied at different intensities. The results reveal that the evaluated measures are influenced by these perturbations. Additio...

Cabral, Raquel; Ramrez, Jaime

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations

410

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate

411

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This model uses information on hourly satellite observed visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam insolation falling on a tracking concentrator pointed

412

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the

413

Spectro-photometric distances to stars: a general-purpose Bayesian approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed a procedure that estimates distances to stars using measured spectroscopic and photometric quantities. It employs a Bayesian approach to build the probability distribution function over stellar evolutionary models given the data, delivering estimates of expected distance for each star individually. Our method provides several alternative distance estimates for each star in the output, along with their associated uncertainties. The code was first tested on simulations, successfully recovering input distances to mock stars with errors that scale with the uncertainties in the adopted spectro-photometric parameters, as expected. The code was then validated by comparing our distance estimates to parallax measurements from the Hipparcos mission for nearby stars (< 60 pc), to asteroseismic distances of CoRoT red giant stars, and to known distances of well-studied open and globular clusters. The photometric data of these reference samples cover both the optical and near infra-red wavelengths. The...

Santiago, Baslio X; Anders, Friedrich; Chiappini, Cristina; Girardi, Lo; Rocha-Pinto, Helio J; Balbinot, Eduardo; da Costa, Luiz N; Maia, Marcio A G; Schultheis, Mathias; Steinmetz, Matthias; Miglio, Andrea; Montalbn, Josefina; Schneider, Donald P; Beers, Timothy C; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Lee, Young Sun; Zasowski, Gail

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

45 45 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 29 Total number of trips 1,839 Total distance traveled (mi) 21,089 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 39 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 61 Number of trips 654 Percent of trips city | highway 66% | 34% Distance traveled (mi) 5,717 Percent of total distance traveled 27% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 38 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 57 Number of trips 117 Percent of trips city | highway 39% | 62% Distance traveled (mi) 3,683 Percent of total distance traveled 17% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 33 Number of trips 1,068 Percent of trips city | highway 71% | 30% Distance traveled (mi)

415

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

36 36 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 18 Total number of trips 1,290 Total distance traveled (mi) 13,023 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 39 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 58 Number of trips 432 Percent of trips city | highway 75% | 25% Distance traveled (mi) 2,835 Percent of total distance traveled 22% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 41 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 48 Number of trips 52 Percent of trips city | highway 31% | 69% Distance traveled (mi) 1,613 Percent of total distance traveled 12% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34 Number of trips 806 Percent of trips city | highway 73% | 27% Distance traveled (mi)

416

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

49 49 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 27 Total number of trips 927 Total distance traveled (mi) 9,301 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 39 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 66 Number of trips 313 Percent of trips city | highway 68% | 32% Distance traveled (mi) 2,138 Percent of total distance traveled 23% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 41 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 63 Number of trips 46 Percent of trips city | highway 30% | 70% Distance traveled (mi) 1,462 Percent of total distance traveled 16% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 34 Number of trips 568 Percent of trips city | highway 75% | 25% Distance traveled (mi)

417

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

50 50 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 22 Total number of trips 730 Total distance traveled (mi) 9,164 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 40 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 61 Number of trips 225 Percent of trips city | highway 68% | 32% Distance traveled (mi) 1,768 Percent of total distance traveled 19% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 53 Number of trips 40 Percent of trips city | highway 23% | 78% Distance traveled (mi) 1,638 Percent of total distance traveled 18% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 35 Number of trips 465 Percent of trips city | highway 70% | 30% Distance traveled (mi)

418

_MainReportPerVehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

53 53 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 34 Total number of trips 1,515 Total distance traveled (mi) 15,617 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 37 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 65 Number of trips 739 Percent of trips city | highway 74% | 26% Distance traveled (mi) 4,915 Percent of total distance traveled 31% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 38 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 58 Number of trips 93 Percent of trips city | highway 38% | 62% Distance traveled (mi) 2,842 Percent of total distance traveled 18% Trips in Charge Sustaining (CS) mode Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 33 Number of trips 683 Percent of trips city | highway 72% | 28% Distance traveled (mi)

419

Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility company? I'm seeing an inconsistency between the OpenEI website and EIA 861 data set. Home > Groups > Utility Rate I'm interested in getting a spreadsheet of the most recent EIA average residential utility rates as per the calculation on the http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities page that generates average rates for utilities, for example: Los Angeles Department of Water & Power (utility ID #11208): EIA Average Rates: Residential: 12.6 cents/kWh Commercial: 12.5 cents/kWh Industrial: 10.9 cents/kWh The site references taking revenue divided by sales from the EIA 861 data set (most recent is 2011) but the calculation I get by dividing revenue by sales from their File2_2011.xls spreadsheet is 12.8 cents/kWh. I spot

420

Table HC1.2.2 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace, " 2 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace, " " Per Housing Unit and Per Household Member, 2005" ,,"Average Square Feet" ," Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Per Housing Unit",,,"Per Household Member" "Living Space Characteristics",,"Total1","Heated","Cooled","Total1","Heated","Cooled" "Total",111.1,2033,1618,1031,791,630,401 "Total Floorspace (Square Feet)" "Fewer than 500",3.2,357,336,113,188,177,59 "500 to 999",23.8,733,667,308,343,312,144 "1,000 to 1,499",20.8,1157,1086,625,435,409,235 "1,500 to 1,999",15.4,1592,1441,906,595,539,339 "2,000 to 2,499",12.2,2052,1733,1072,765,646,400

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Table HC1.2.4 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.4 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2005" 2.4 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2005" ,,,"Average Square Feet per Apartment in a --" ," Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"2 to 4 Unit Building",,,"5 or More Unit Building" ,,"Apartments (millions)" "Living Space Characteristics",,,"Total","Heated","Cooled","Total","Heated","Cooled" "Total",111.1,24.5,1090,902,341,872,780,441 "Total Floorspace (Square Feet)" "Fewer than 500",3.1,2.3,403,360,165,366,348,93 "500 to 999",22.2,14.4,763,660,277,730,646,303 "1,000 to 1,499",19.1,5.8,1223,1130,496,1187,1086,696 "1,500 to 1,999",14.4,1,1700,1422,412,1698,1544,1348

422

,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

423

,"U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

424

,"Sulfur Content, Weighted Average Refinery Crude Oil Input Qualities"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sulfur Content, Weighted Average Refinery Crude Oil Input Qualities" Sulfur Content, Weighted Average Refinery Crude Oil Input Qualities" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Sulfur Content, Weighted Average Refinery Crude Oil Input Qualities",16,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1985" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_crq_a_epc0_ycs_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_crq_a_epc0_ycs_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

425

Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N-dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analytical inversion technique which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call this technique a multiphoton expansion (MPE). The MPE formalism was verified with an exactly solvable inversion problem in 2D, and probabilities in the postsaturation region, where the intensity-selective scanning approach breaks down, were recovered. In 3D, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the ADK tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene ion yields showing a resonant multiphoton ionization process. By applying MPE to this data (which was artificially averaged) the resonant structure was recovered-suggesting that the resonance in benzene may have been observable in spatially averaged data taken elsewhere.

J. Strohaber; A. A. Kolomenskii; H. A. Schuessler

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Wind: monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m/s)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 5 Data Set (Jan. 2005)10-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 1993) Parameter: Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m/s) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Created: October 4, 2005 See the NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) web site at http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/. The source data was downloaded from the SSE website at Data Retrieval: Meteorology and Solar Energy > Global data sets as text files. The tabular data was then converted to the shapefile format.

427

Table HC1.1.4 Housing Unit Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Housing Unit Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2005" 4 Housing Unit Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2005" ,,,"Average Square Feet per Apartment in a --" ," Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"2 to 4 Unit Building",,,"5 or More Unit Building" ,,"Apartments (millions)" "Housing Unit Characteristics",,,"Total","Heated","Cooled","Total","Heated","Cooled" "Total",111.1,24.5,1090,902,341,872,780,441 "Census Region and Division" "Northeast",20.6,6.7,1247,1032,"Q",811,788,147 "New England",5.5,1.9,1365,1127,"Q",814,748,107 "Middle Atlantic",15.1,4.8,1182,978,"Q",810,800,159 "Midwest",25.6,4.6,1349,1133,506,895,810,346

428

Fr\\'echet means of curves for signal averaging and application to ECG data analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signal averaging is the process that consists in computing a mean shape from a set of noisy signals. In the presence of geometric variability in time in the data, the usual Euclidean mean of the raw data yields a mean pattern that does not reflect the typical shape of the observed signals. In this setting, it is necessary to use alignment techniques for a precise synchronization of the signals, and then to average the aligned data to obtain a consistent mean shape. In this paper, we study the numerical performances of Fr\\'echet means of curves which are extensions of the usual Euclidean mean to spaces endowed with non-Euclidean metrics. This yields a new algorithm for signal averaging without a reference template. We apply this approach to the estimation of a mean heart cycle from ECG records.

Bigot, Jrmie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Fast Transients at Cosmological Distances with the SKA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impulsive radio bursts that are detectable across cosmological distances constitute extremely powerful probes of the ionized Inter-Galactic Medium (IGM), intergalactic magnetic fields, and the properties of space-time itself. Their dispersion measures (DMs) will enable us to detect the "missing" baryons in the low-redshift Universe and make the first measurements of the mean galaxy halo profile, a key parameter in models of galaxy formation and feedback. Impulsive bursts can be used as cosmic rulers at redshifts exceeding 2, and constrain the dark energy equation-of-state parameter, $w(z)$ at redshifts beyond those readily accessible by Type Ia SNe. Both of these goals are realisable with a sample of $\\sim 10^4$ fast radio bursts (FRBs) whose positions are localized to within one arcsecond, sufficient to obtain host galaxy redshifts via optical follow-up. It is also hypothesised that gravitational wave events may emit coherent emission at frequencies probed by SKA1-LOW, and the localization of such events at ...

Macquart, J -P; Grainge, K; McQuinn, M; Fender, R P; Hessels, J; Deller, A; Bhat, R; Breton, R; Chatterjee, S; Law, C; Lorimer, D; Ofek, E O; Pietka, M; Spitler, L; Stappers, B; Trott, C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The Open Cluster Distance Scale: A New Empirical Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new BVRI photometry for a sample of 54 local G and K stars with accurate Hipparcos parallaxes in the metallicity range -0.4 solar abundance determined from spectroscopy, we find significant disagreement at a level similar to that found by other MS-fitting studies. However, the colour-colour relationship for both these clusters suggests that their metallicity is significantly subsolar. Since the MS-fitting method relies on matching the cluster colours to a template MS, we argue that, when applying this method, the appropriate metallicity to adopt is the photometric subsolar one, not the solar abundance indicated by spectroscopy. Adopting photometric metallicities for all 4 clusters, we find complete agreement with the Hipparcos results and hence we conclude that the mismatch between the spectroscopic and photometric abundances for the Pleiades and NGC 2516 is responsible for the discrepancies in distance estimates found by previous studies. The origin of this mismatch in abundance scales remains an unsolved problem and some possible causes are discussed.

Susan M. Percival; Maurizio Salaris; David Kilkenny

2003-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

431

DISTANCE AND KINEMATICS OF THE TW HYDRAE ASSOCIATION FROM PARALLAXES  

SciTech Connect

From common proper motion and signatures of youth, researchers have identified about 30 members of a putative TW Hydrae Association. Only four of these had parallactic distances from Hipparcos. We have measured parallaxes and proper motions for 14 primary members. We combine these with literature values of radial velocities to show that the Galactic space motions of the stars, with the exception of TWA 9 and 22, are parallel and do not indicate convergence at a common formation point sometime in the last few million years. The space motions of TWA 9 and 22 do not agree with the others and indicate that they are not TWA members. The median parallax is 18 mas or 56 pc. We further analyze the stars' absolute magnitudes on pre-main-sequence evolutionary tracks and find a range of ages with a median of 10.1 Myr and no correlation between age and Galactic location. The TWA stars may have formed from an extended and filamentary molecular cloud but are not necessarily precisely coeval.

Weinberger, Alycia J.; Boss, Alan P. [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States)] [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Anglada-Escude, Guillem, E-mail: weinberger@dtm.ciw.edu [Institut fuer Astrophysik, Universitaet Goettingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Goettingen (Germany)] [Institut fuer Astrophysik, Universitaet Goettingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Goettingen (Germany)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Hubble constant and dark energy from cosmological distance measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study how the determination of the Hubble constant from cosmological distance measures is affected by models of dark energy and vice versa. For this purpose, constraints on the Hubble constant and dark energy are investigated using the cosmological observations of cosmic microwave background, baryon acoustic oscillations and type Ia suprenovae. When one investigates dark energy, the Hubble constant is often a nuisance parameter, thus it is usually marginalized over. On the other hand, when one focuses on the Hubble constant, simple dark energy models such as a cosmological constant and a constant equation of state are usually assumed. Since we do not know the nature of dark energy yet, it is interesting to investigate the Hubble constant assuming some types of dark energy and see to what extent the constraint on the Hubble constant is affected by the assumption concerning dark energy. We show that the constraint on the Hubble constant is not affected much by the assumption for dark energy. We furthermore show that this holds true even if we remove the assumption that the universe is flat. We also discuss how the prior on the Hubble constant affects the constraints on dark energy and/or the curvature of the universe.

Kazuhide Ichikawa; Tomo Takahashi

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

433

A Test of Tully-Fisher Distance Estimates Using Cepheids and Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We update and extend the results of Shanks (1997, MNRAS, 290, L77) by making a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to thirteen spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to ten spiral galaxies with Type Ia supernova (SNIa) distances. The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance moduli are too short with respect to the Cepheid distances by 0.46+-0.11mag and too short with respect to the SNIa distances by 0.49+-0.18mag. Combining the HST Cepheid and the best SNIa data suggests that, overall, previous Tully-Fisher distances at v~1000 kms-1 were too short by 0.43+-0.09mag, a result which is significant at the 4.6 sigma level. These data therefore indicate that previous Tully-Fisher distances should be revised upwards by 22+-5% implying, for example, a Virgo distance of 19.0+-1.8Mpc. The value of Ho from Tully-Fisher estimates is correspondingly revised downwards from Ho=84+-10kms-1Mpc-1 to Ho=69+-8kms-1Mpc-1. There is evidence that the Tully-Fisher relation at large distances is affected by Malmquist bias. In this case, we argue that Ho<50kms-1Mpc-1 cannot be ruled out by Tully-Fisher considerations.

T. Shanks

1999-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

434

"Table A25 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" " Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 2" " (Estimates in Dollars per Million Btu)" ,,,,,,,,"RSE" "SIC"," "," ","Residual","Distillate"," "," "," ","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","LPG","Coal","Factors" ,,"Total United States" ,"RSE Column Factors:",0.7,0.8,1,2.8,1,0.7 20,"Food and Kindred Products",15.789,2.854,6.064,2.697,7.596,1.433,4.5

435

The average number of distinct sites visited by a random walker on random graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the linear large $n$ behavior of the average number of distinct sites $S(n)$ visited by a random walker after $n$ steps on a large random graph. An expression for the graph topology dependent prefactor $B$ in $S(n) = Bn$ is proposed. We use generating function techniques to relate this prefactor to the graph adjacency matrix and then devise message-passing equations to calculate its value. Numerical simulations are performed to evaluate the agreement between the message passing predictions and random walk simulations on random graphs. Scaling with system size and average graph connectivity are also analysed.

De Bacco, Caterina; Sollich, Peter

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Phase averaged measurements of the coherent structure of a Mach number 0.6 jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DECEMBER 1983 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering PHASE AVERAGED MEASUREMENTS OF THE COHERENT STRUCTURE OF A MACH NUMBER 0. 6 JET A Thesis by SAIED EMAMI Approved as to style and cont. ent by: Dr. G. L. Morrison (Chairm n of committee) Dp, J. C.... Dutton (Member) Dr. G. B. Tatterson (Member) Dr, G . R, HOpk i ns (Head of Department) December 1983 ABSTRACT Phase Averaged Measurements of the Coherent Structure of a Mach Number 0. 6 Jet. (December 1983) Saied Emami, B. S. , Texas A...

Emami, Saied

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Lattice Boltzmann Model for The Volume-Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A numerical method, based on discrete lattice Boltzmann equation, is presented for solving the volume-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. With a modified equilibrium distribution and an additional forcing term, the volume-averaged Navier-Stokes equations can be recovered from the lattice Boltzmann equation in the limit of small Mach number by the Chapman-Enskog analysis and Taylor expansion. Due to its advantages such as explicit solver and inherent parallelism, the method appears to be more competitive with traditional numerical techniques. Numerical simulations show that the proposed model can accurately reproduce both the linear and nonlinear drag effects of porosity in the fluid flow through porous media.

Zhang, Jingfeng; Ouyang, Jie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Average crack front velocity during subcritical fracture propagation in a heterogeneous medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average crack front velocity during subcritical fracture propagation in a heterogeneous medium relaxation tests, exploring subcritical to critical regimes. Transparency of the material (PMMA) allows kinetic crack propagation is usually referred to as sub-critical crack growth or sub- critical regime

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

439

Seminario de Estadstica e Investigacin Operativa "Tree, web and average web value for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seminario de Estadística e Investigación Operativa "Tree, web and average web value for cycle solution concepts, called web values, are introduced axiomatically, each one with respect to some specific recursive algorithms to calculate them. Additionally the efficiency and stability of web values are studied

Tradacete, Pedro

440

ATOC 3500 Thursday, Feb. 18, 2010 Hand back Midterm Exams (average = 89)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that particles are generated in the atmosphere. While there is some discussion in the aerosol community over the water that has condensed. Thus, in the atmosphere, it is common to see a threshhold (calledATOC 3500 Thursday, Feb. 18, 2010 Hand back Midterm Exams (average = 89) Interaction of atmospheric

Toohey, Darin W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The averaging of gravity currents in porous media Daniel M. Andersona)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or contain DNAPL contaminants in porous medium systems.2,3 Since the brines used in these remediation groundwater cleanup strategies involving injected brines. We derive averaged solutions using homogenization the past few decades, releases of contaminants that are immiscible with water into the shallow subsurface

Anderson, Daniel M.

442

Bayesian Model Averaging in Proportional Hazard Models: Assessing the Risk of a Stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bayesian Model Averaging in Proportional Hazard Models: Assessing the Risk of a Stroke Chris T In the context of the Cardiovascular Health Study, a comprehensive investigation into the risk factors for stroke of assessing who is at high risk for stroke. 1 Introduction Stroke is the third leading cause of death among

Volinsky, Chris

443

Climate Projections Using Bayesian Model Averaging and Space-Time Dependence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Projections Using Bayesian Model Averaging and Space-Time Dependence K. Sham Bhat, Murali Haran, Adam Terando, and Klaus Keller. Abstract Projections of future climatic changes are a key input to the design of climate change mitiga- tion and adaptation strategies. Current climate change projections

Haran, Murali

444

Average-case analysis of perfect sorting by reversals Mathilde Bouvel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

genomics, is the process of sorting a signed permutation to either the identity or to the reversed identity example here: we perform an average case analysis of a sorting algorithm from computational genomics by generating function analysis of a family of trees. Motivation: a computational genomics problem

Boyer, Edmond

445

The average person sheds 40 pounds of skin during his or her lifetime. That's the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Q: MSU N 19 o. The average person sheds 40 pounds of skin during his or her lifetime. That whether they are facts or opinions. Fact or opinion? A fact is something that can be tested. An opinion is something that someone thinks or believes. 1. Wooly mammoths are extinct. fact opinion 2. Ear wax can

446

On average, the ocean is 3800 metres deep. It covers 71% of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lives in very cold deep water (-2-5 C) and feeds on brittle stars. It grows up to 75cm long31 On average, the ocean is 3800 metres deep. It covers 71% of the earth's surface and 88 are a bit more adventurous than I am and they may take pictures as deep as about 100m, which is not even 1

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

447

24is the average age of our MSc in Real Estate Investment students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

24is the average age of our MSc in Real Estate Investment students The Cass advantage Located exciting stage of your career journey. About the course The MSc in Real Estate Investment is aimed at students wishing to enter or advance their careers in the fields of real estate investment management, real

Weyde, Tillman

448

Incident Invasive Breast Cancer, Geographic Location of Residence, and Reported Average Time Spent Outside  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...areas of low versus high solar irradiance measured in...residence and geographic solar irradiance are not consistently...total average sunlight energy striking the ground...foods and supplements (energy adjusted IU/d). Some...low compared with high solar irradiance (comparing...

Amy E. Millen; Mary Pettinger; Jo L. Freudenheim; Robert D. Langer; Carol A. Rosenberg; Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani; Christine M. Duffy; Dorothy S. Lane; Anne McTiernan; Lewis H. Kuller; Ana Maria Lopez; and Jean Wactawski-Wende

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Bias Correction and Bayesian Model Averaging for Ensemble Forecasts of Surface Wind Direction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from numerical weather prediction models, which is based on a state-of-the-art circular-processing techniques for forecasts from numerical weather prediction models tend to become ineffective or inapplicableBias Correction and Bayesian Model Averaging for Ensemble Forecasts of Surface Wind Direction Le

Washington at Seattle, University of

450

Accelerated Corrective Consensus: Converge to the Exact Average at a Faster Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerated Corrective Consensus: Converge to the Exact Average at a Faster Rate Yin Chen Roberto to reach convergence. Therefore, a great deal of effort has been devoted into accelerating consensus with improved accelerated consensus algorithms. Nevertheless, these techniques assume the communication graph

Amir, Yair

451

X-ray scattering study of the average polycyclic aromatic unit in Ledo coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through an X-ray scattering analysis, the short-range structural features, the relationship(s) between the aryl/alkyl carbon ratio, and the size of the average polycyclic aromatic unit in Ledo coal from Makum coalfield, Assam, India, are elucidated.

Boruah, R.K.

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

452

Seasonal Variation in Monthly Average Air Change Rates Using Passive Tracer Gas Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of indoor air pollution sources. Concurrently, great efforts are made to make buildings energy efficient 1970s, while less attention has been paid to IAQ. Insufficient venting of indoor air pollutantsSeasonal Variation in Monthly Average Air Change Rates Using Passive Tracer Gas Measurements Marie

Hansen, René Rydhof

453

Development of a high average current polarized electron source with long cathode operational lifetime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Substantially more than half of the electromagnetic nuclear physics experiments conducted at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Laboratory) require highly polarized electron beams, often at high average current. Spin-polarized electrons are produced by photoemission from various GaAs-based semiconductor photocathodes, using circularly polarized laser light with photon energy slightly larger than the semiconductor band gap. The photocathodes are prepared by activation of the clean semiconductor surface to negative electron affinity using cesium and oxidation. Historically, in many laboratories worldwide, these photocathodes have had short operational lifetimes at high average current, and have often deteriorated fairly quickly in ultrahigh vacuum even without electron beam delivery. At Jefferson Lab, we have developed a polarized electron source in which the photocathodes degrade exceptionally slowly without electron emission, and in which ion back bombardment is the predominant mechanism limiting the operational lifetime of the cathodes during electron emission. We have reproducibly obtained cathode 1/e dark lifetimes over two years, and 1/e charge density and charge lifetimes during electron beam delivery of over 2105???C/cm2 and 200C, respectively. This source is able to support uninterrupted high average current polarized beam delivery to three experimental halls simultaneously for many months at a time. Many of the techniques we report here are directly applicable to the development of GaAs photoemission electron guns to deliver high average current, high brightness unpolarized beams.

C. K. Sinclair; P. A. Adderley; B. M. Dunham; J. C. Hansknecht; P. Hartmann; M. Poelker; J. S. Price; P. M. Rutt; W. J. Schneider; M. Steigerwald

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

454

Frechet means of curves for signal averaging and application to ECG data analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fr´echet means of curves for signal averaging and application to ECG data analysis J´er´emie Bigot a reference template. We apply this approach to the estimation of a mean heart cycle from ECG records; Deformable models; ECG data. AMS classifications: Primary 62G08; secondary 62P10. Acknowledgements

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

455

Error compensation in distance relays caused by wind power plants in the power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article presents the Prony method as a filtering technique for distance relays. First, the effect of non-filtered frequency components generated by wind power plants in distance relays is evaluated in a simplified model of a doubly fed induction generator, resulting in an error of apparent impedance measurement. Then, the effects of non-filtered frequency components for typical distance relay are presented. The error in apparent impedance measurement is evaluated in reach and operation time of the relay; a distorted characteristic of the mho distance relay is shown in the impedance plane. Finally, Prony method as a filtering technique is implemented as a solution of the apparent impedance measurement error, and the simulated case and a real fault event are evaluated to validate the proposed distance relay algorithm. Thus the asynchronous frequency components of voltage and current signals are identified and filtered, as a result the performance of the distance relay is enhanced.

L.A. Trujillo Guajardo; A. Conde Enrquez; Z. Leonowicz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

High-precision absolute distance and vibration measurement with frequency scanned interferometry  

SciTech Connect

We report high-precision absolute distance and vibration measurements performed with frequency scanned interferometry using a pair of single-mode optical fibers. Absolute distance was determined by counting the interference fringes produced while scanning the laser frequency. A high-finesse Fabry-Perot interferometer was used to determine frequency changes during scanning. Two multiple-distance-measurement analysis techniques were developed to improve distance precision and to extract the amplitude and frequency of vibrations. Under laboratory conditions, measurement precision of {approx}50 nm was achieved for absolute distances ranging from 0.1 to 0.7 m by use of the first multiple-distance-measurement technique. The second analysis technique has the capability to measure vibration frequencies ranging from 0.1 to 100 Hz with an amplitude as small as a few nanometers without a priori knowledge.

Yang, H.-J.; Deibel, Jason; Nyberg, Sven; Riles, Keith

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Long distance symmetries for nuclear forces and the similarity renormalization group  

SciTech Connect

In this work we study the emergence of long distance symmetries for nuclear forces within the framework of the similarity renormalization group approach.

Szpigel, S. [Faculdade de Computacao e Informatica, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, 01302-907, Sao Paulo - SP (Brazil); Timoteo, V. S. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13484-332, Limeira - SP (Brazil); Arriola, E. R. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear and Instituto Carlos I de Fisica Teorica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, E-18071, Granada (Spain)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

458

Long distance transmission of SC-FDMA signals by directly-modulated OIL-VCSEL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate the long distance transmission of single-carrier frequency division multiple address signals by directly-modulated optically injection-locked ...

Guo, Peng; Zhang, Cheng; Li, Juhao; Yang, Weijian; Parekh, Devang; Chang-Hasnain, Connie J; Hu, Weiwei; Xu, Anshi; Chen, Zhangyuan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Electronics Based Innovation In A Niche Market: Distances Measured By The Speed Of Light.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study is to document the development of an accurate, affordable, reliable machine to perform the relatively long distance measurements routinely made (more)

Murphy, James S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Trips in planning: January 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: A Photographic Adventure September 1­9, 2011 (9 days) Study leader: Dr. David Foster Price: $5,550 · Single

Wood, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average trip distance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

CIPANP00 / 5/00 / Quebec, CA \\Lambda c : Not your average Bearyon 1 's: Absolute production and decay rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIPANP00 / 5/00 / Quebec, CA \\Lambda c : Not your average Bearyon 1 \\Lambda c 's: Absolute / 5/00 / Quebec, CA \\Lambda c : Not your average Bearyon 2 \\Lambda c ! \\LambdaX 1. If \\Lambda c decays, this talk) #12; CIPANP00 / 5/00 / Quebec, CA \\Lambda c : Not your average Bearyon 3 Technique: Charm

462

"2012 Total Electric Industry- Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)" Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "New England",15.713593,13.679941,11.83487,6.6759453,14.017926 "Connecticut",17.343298,14.652335,12.672933,9.6930118,15.54464 "Maine",14.658797,11.52742,7.9819499,".",11.812709 "Massachusetts",14.912724,13.841518,12.566635,4.9056852,13.78825 "New Hampshire",16.070168,13.36121,11.83228,".",14.192854 "Rhode Island",14.404061,11.867247,10.676724,8.2796427,12.740867 "Vermont",17.006075,14.316157,9.9796777,".",14.220244

463

Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",17.88,14.93,16.82,0,"NA",16.33 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",11.4,10.63,6.22,0,"NA",9.18 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",9.3,7.71,5.77,11.23,"NA",7.62 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",11.29,9.53,6.53,0,"NA",9.81 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",15.34,13.41,10.49,7.17,"NA",13.53

464

Table 7.3 Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010; 3 Average Prices of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units. Electricity Components Natural Gas Components Steam Components Electricity Natural Gas Steam Electricity from Sources Natural Gas from Sources Steam from Sources Electricity from Local Other than Natural Gas from Local Other than Steam from Local Other than NAICS Total Utility(b) Local Utility(c) Total Utility(b) Local Utility(c) Total Utility(b) Local Utility(c) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (kWh) (kWh) (kWh) (1000 cu ft) (1000 cu ft) (1000 cu ft) (million Btu)

465

Summary Notes from 3 October 2007 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Concentration Averaging  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 October 2007 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on 3 October 2007 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Concentration Averaging Attendees: Representatives from Department of Energy-Headquarters (DOE-HQ) and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) met at the DOE offices in Germantown, Maryland on 3 October 2007. Representatives from Department of Energy-Savannah River (DOE-SR) and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) participated in the meeting via a teleconference link. Discussion: DOE believes that based on the position papers provided prior to the meeting, DOE and NRC staff have many areas of agreement and no significant areas of disagreement with respect to the concentration averaging requirements articulated in the respective DOE and NRC requirements. The NRC position paper was based on NUREG-

466

Average monthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43 by September  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

monthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43 by September monthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43 by September The U.S. average monthly retail price of gasoline is expected to decline by about 18 cents per gallon between May and September, according to the new forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The lower price reflects, in part, slightly lower crude oil prices that account for about two-thirds of the cost at the pump. The largest price drops are expected in the Midwest states as refineries serving that region, which had been down for planned and unplanned maintenance, return to operation. For the year as a whole, the annual average retail gasoline price is forecasted to decline from $3.63 a gallon last year to $3.49 a gallon this year...and then drop to $3.37 per gallon in 2014

467

Gatling gun: high average polarized current injector for eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

This idea was originally developed in 2001 for, at that time, an ERL-based (and later recirculating-ring) electron-ion collider at JLab. Naturally the same idea is applicable for any gun requiring current exceeding capability of a single cathode. ERL-based eRHIC is one of such cases. This note related to eRHIC was prepared at Duke University in February 2003. In many case photo-injectors can have a limited average current - it is especially true about polarized photo-guns. It is know that e-RHIC requires average polarized electron current well above currently demonstrated by photo-injectors - hence combining currents from multiple guns is can be useful option for eRHIC.

Litvinenko, V.N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

In-cell reaction rate distributions and cell-average reaction rates in fast critical assemblies  

SciTech Connect

Measurements are described for determining average values of fission rates in /sup 235/U, /sup 238/U and /sup 239/Pu and capture rates in /sup 238/U for heterogeneous cells used to construct fast critical assemblies. The measurements are based on irradiations of foils of /sup 238/U, /sup 235/U and /sup 239/Pu with counting of fission and capture products using gamma-ray spectroscopy. Both plate and pin cells are considered. Procedures are described for inferring cell-average reaction rate values from a single foil location based on a cell using a quantity called a cell factor. Cell factors are determined from special measurements in which several foils are irradiated within a cell. Comparisons are presented between cell factors determined by measurements and by Monte Carlo calculations which lend credibility to the measurement procedures.

Brumbach, S.B.; Gasidlo, J.M.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

An improved weighted average reactor temperature estimation for simulation of adiabatic industrial hydrotreaters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study on the improvement of the representative operating temperature from the temperature profile of an industrial adiabatic reactor is presented. This temperature is used to simulate the reactor performance by small scale laboratory isothermal reactors. An improved methodology for the estimation of a Weighted Average Bed Temperature (WABT) was elaborated to simulate an industrial multi-bed HDS reactor. The improved WABT, so called Weighted Average Reactor Temperature (WART), was compared with the most usually used WABT in a wide range of operational conditions as well as of kinetic parameters. In case of a multi-bed industrial hydrotreater, where quench zones are located between the beds and the H2 flow rate, which enters each bed, is different, the optimal gas to oil ratio was estimated for the laboratory-scale reactor.

G.D. Stefanidis; G.D. Bellos; N.G. Papayannakos

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Averaged number of prompt neutrons calculus for photo-fission of actinides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The empirical calculations of the averaged number of prompt neutrons for photofission of 232Th, 233U, 234U, 235U, 236U, 238U, 237Np, 239Pu and 241Am actinides were done as a function of excitation energy, mass and charge of the nucleus, which can be used to evaluate the prompt neutrons for photofission of nuclides for which no or scarce data is available.

A. I. Lengyel; O. O. Parlag; V. T. Maslyuk; N. I. Romanyuk; O. O. Gritzay

2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

471

Table 10. Average Price of U.S. Steam Coal Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Steam Coal Exports Average Price of U.S. Steam Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 10. Average Price of U.S. Steam Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 65.10 63.67 73.81 64.48 78.90 -18.3 Canada* 59.34 55.22 63.02 57.57 73.63 -21.8 Dominican Republic 78.47 74.41 73.89 75.40 76.61 -1.6 Honduras - 54.58 54.43 54.58 54.43 0.3 Jamaica 480.00 54.43 - 54.72 55.42 -1.3 Mexico 69.42 73.33 82.64 70.83 86.44 -18.1 Other** 80.33 389.30 70.37 82.45 76.10 8.3 South America Total 79.44 77.85 70.55

472

Table 12. Average Price of U.S. Metallurgical Coal Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Metallurgical Coal Exports Average Price of U.S. Metallurgical Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 12. Average Price of U.S. Metallurgical Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 92.50 99.40 146.56 94.82 140.70 -32.6 Canada* 99.83 125.20 142.46 106.43 138.19 -23.0 Dominican Republic 114.60 77.21 - 77.27 - - Mexico 78.93 78.54 180.76 78.77 153.65 -48.7 South America Total 119.26 117.51 167.05 118.30 168.12 -29.6 Argentina 146.70 131.08 182.47 137.36 196.37 -30.1 Brazil 119.21 117.38 165.61 118.20

473

Training Centres : An Architecture for the Realisation of Open and Distance Learning Environments using Telematics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based distance education software. The TRENDS Project The TRENDS Project aims at the development and efficientTraining Centres : An Architecture for the Realisation of Open and Distance Learning Environments) Environments using Telematics. The approach of using Training Centres as dedicated education services providers

Bouras, Christos

474

Design and Implementation of a Terrorist Fraud Resilient Distance Bounding System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and Implementation of a Terrorist Fraud Resilient Distance Bounding System Aanjhan, existing analog implementations do not support resilience against Terrorist Fraud attacks; they protect only against Distance Fraud and Mafia Fraud attacks. We address this problem and propose a new, hy

Capkun, Srdjan

475

Distance Estimation by Constructing The Virtual Ruler in Anisotropic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fields, such as industrial sensing and scheduling, critical construction protection, environmentalDistance Estimation by Constructing The Virtual Ruler in Anisotropic Sensor Networks Yun Wang Kai. Furthermore, we develop an approach to construct a virtual ruler for distance estimation between any pair

Wu, Jie

476

AN INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY FOR LONG DISTANCE LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 AN INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY FOR LONG DISTANCE LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT Hyunbo Cho will continue to grow. That trade depends on many intercontinental, long-distance, logistics partners. Those) ensure interoperability among logistics applications; (2) provide shipment visibility to all trading

Peng, Yun

477

An optimal parallel algorithm for the Euclidean distance maps of 2D binary images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Euclidean distance map (EDM) of a black and white n 2 n binary image is the n 2 n map where each element has the Euclidean distance between the corresponding pixel and the nearest black pixel. The EDM plays an important role in machine vision, pattern recognition, and robotics[9]. Many algorithms have been proposed

Fujiwara, Akihiro

478

Pedagogical Issues in webMathematica Applications In Distance Learning Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organizational and administrative arrangements [1]. The growth of Internet-based distance learning will havePedagogical Issues in webMathematica Applications In Distance Learning Mathematics M. F. Abdul learning and good teaching. The learning experiences must be well organized and integrated

Spagnolo, Filippo

479

Perfect Passion at a Distance how to win at Polish poker : use quantum dice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to satellites in space, so they could theoretically be relayed anywhere on the planet. To test their systemPerfect Passion at a Distance how to win at Polish poker : use quantum dice Richard Gill the money thanks to Marek ukowski, Gdansk 5 #12;Distance no worries for spooky particles Stephen Pincock ABC

Gill, Richard D.

480

Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Continuous 1 Conventional and Other 2 Longwall 3 Total Coal-Producing State Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage

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481

On monogamy of non-locality and macroscopic averages: examples and preliminary results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore a connection between monogamy of non-locality and a weak macroscopic locality condition: the locality of the average behaviour. These are revealed by our analysis as being two sides of the same coin. Moreover, we exhibit a structural reason for both in the case of Bell-type multipartite scenarios, shedding light on but also generalising the results in the literature [Ramanathan et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 060405 (2001); Pawlowski & Brukner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 030403 (2009)]. More specifically, we show that, provided the number of particles in each site is large enough compared to the number of allowed measurement settings, and whatever the microscopic state of the system, the macroscopic average behaviour is local realistic, or equivalently, general multipartite monogamy relations hold. This result relies on a classical mathematical theorem by Vorob'ev [Theory Probab. Appl. 7(2), 147-163 (1962)] about extending compatible families of probability distributions defined on the faces of a simplicial complex in the language of the sheaf-theoretic framework of Abramsky & Brandenburger [New J. Phys. 13, 113036 (2011)], such families correspond to no-signalling empirical models, and the existence of an extension corresponds to locality or non-contextuality. Since Vorob'ev's theorem depends solely on the structure of the simplicial complex, which encodes the compatibility of the measurements, and not on the specific probability distributions (i.e. the empirical models), our result about monogamy relations and locality of macroscopic averages holds not just for quantum theory, but for any empirical model satisfying the no-signalling condition. In this extended abstract, we illustrate our approach by working out a couple of examples, which convey the intuition behind our analysis while keeping the discussion at an elementary level.

Rui Soares Barbosa

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Table 7.2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 7.2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu. Selected Wood and Other Biomass Components Coal Components Coke Electricity Components Natural Gas Components Steam Components Total Wood Residues Bituminous Electricity Diesel Fuel Motor Natural Gas Steam and Wood-Related and Electricity from Sources and Gasoline Pulping Liquor Natural Gas from Sources Steam from Sources Waste Gases Waste Oils Industrial Wood Byproducts and NAICS Coal Subbituminous Coal Petroleum Electricity from Local Other than Distillate Diesel Distillate Residual Blast Coke Oven (excluding or LPG and Natural Gas from Local

483

Method and system for modulation of gain suppression in high average power laser systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high average power laser system with modulated gain suppression includes an input aperture associated with a first laser beam extraction path and an output aperture associated with the first laser beam extraction path. The system also includes a pinhole creation laser having an optical output directed along a pinhole creation path and an absorbing material positioned along both the first laser beam extraction path and the pinhole creation path. The system further includes a mechanism operable to translate the absorbing material in a direction crossing the first laser beam extraction laser path and a controller operable to modulate the second laser beam.

Bayramian, Andrew James (Manteca, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

484

Averaging over fast gravity waves for geophysical flows with arbitrary potential vorticity  

SciTech Connect

Here a mathematically rigorous framework is developed for deriving new reduced simplified dynamical equations for geophysical flows with arbitrary potential vorticity interacting with fast gravity waves. The examples include the rotating Boussinesq and rotating shallow water equations in the quasigeostrophic limit with vanishing Rossby number. For the spatial periodic case the theory implies that the quasi-geostrophic equations are valid limiting equations in the weak topology for arbitrary initial data. Furthermore, simplified reduced equations are developed for the fashion in which the vortical waves influence the gravity waves through averaging over specific gravity wave/vortical resonances. 18 refs.

Embid, P.F. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Majda, A.J. [New York Univ., New York, NY (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

Compact formulas for bounce/transit averaging in axisymmetric tokamak geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact formulas for bounce and transit orbit averaging of the fluctuation-amplitude eikonal factor in axisymmetric tokamak geometry, which is frequently encountered in bounce-gyrokinetic description of microturbulence, are given in terms of the Jacobi elliptic functions and elliptic integrals. These formulas are readily applicable to the calculation of the neoclassical susceptibility in the framework of modern bounce-gyrokinetic theory. In the long-wavelength limit, we recover the expression for the Rosenbluth-Hinton residual zonal flow [Rosenbluth and Hinton, Phys.~Rev.~Lett.~{\\bf 80}, 724 (1998)] accurately.

Duthoit, F -X; Hahm, T S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Exponential Speedup with a Single Bit of Quantum Information: Measuring the Average Fidelity Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an efficient quantum algorithm to measure the average fidelity decay of a quantum map under perturbation using a single bit of quantum information. Our algorithm scales only as the complexity of the map under investigation. Thus for those maps admitting an efficient gate decomposition, it provides an exponential speedup over known classical procedures. Fidelity decay is important in the study of complex dynamical systems, where it is conjectured to be a signature of eigenvector statistics. Our result also illustrates the role of chaos in the process of decoherence.

David Poulin; Robin Blume-Kohout; Raymond Laflamme; Harold Ollivier

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

MIT extraction method for measuring average subchannel axial velocities in reactor assemblies  

SciTech Connect

The MIT extraction method for obtaining flow split data for individual subchannels is described in detail. An analysis of the method is presented which shows that isokinetic values of the subchannel flow rates are obtained directly even though the method is non-isokinetic. Time saving methods are discussed for obtaining the average value of the interior region flow split parameter. An analysis of the method at low bundle flow rates indicates that there is no inherent low flow rate limitation on the method and suggests a way to obtain laminar flow split data.

Hawley, J.T.; Chiu, C.; Todreas, N.E.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

High-energy average charged multiplicities from nuclei in a Regge-calculus model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lehman and Winbow have used a Gribov Reggeon-calculus approach to derive expressions for average charge multiplicities in high-energy scattering off nuclei. They find the multiplicity to be n=bY+f(A), where b is independent of A. We show that a reasonable modification of their model yields n=b?A13Y+g(A), where b? is known. We find that this expression agrees with experimental data on dndY (where Y=lns) better than that of Lehman and Winbow, and agrees as well as the energy flux model of Gottfried.

R. T. Cutler and Dale R. Snider

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Fleet-averaged engine matrices for Australian vehicles and their use in fuel economy modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data obtained during standard chassis dynamometer testing at the University of Sydney is used to produce an engine fuel consumption matrix for the test vehicle. The matrix includes the effect of engine operational transients and is presented in a generalised engine parameter form which allows comparisons between dissimilar vehicles. A sufficient number of tests have been carried out to construct a fleet-averaged engine matrix for in-use Australian vehicles. A model is described which uses this matrix to predict the effect of variations in vehicle parameters and traffic flow patterns on the fuel consumption of a motor vehicle on the road or on the dynamometer.

T.J. Gibson; R.W. Bilger

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

High Average Power Laser Gain Medium With Low Optical Distortion Using A Transverse Flowing Liquid Host  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high average power, low optical distortion laser gain media is based on a flowing liquid media. A diode laser pumping device with tailored irradiance excites the laser active atom, ion or molecule within the liquid media. A laser active component of the liquid media exhibits energy storage times longer than or comparable to the thermal optical response time of the liquid. A circulation system that provides a closed loop for mixing and circulating the lasing liquid into and out of the optical cavity includes a pump, a diffuser, and a heat exchanger. A liquid flow gain cell includes flow straighteners and flow channel compression.

Comaskey, Brian J. (Walnut Creek, CA); Ault, Earl R. (Livermore, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

491

Use of energy-averaged cross sections for nuclear spectroscopy: Mg26 states in the continuum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy averaged cross sections for the C12(O18,?)Mg26 reaction were studied. Over 80 states between Ex(Mg26)=5and20 MeV were observed for many bombarding energies in the range E(O18)=46-50 MeV. Broad, noncorrelated structures observed in the excitation functions prevent the application of Hauser-Feshbach analysis for spin spectroscopy to this particular data set. By implication, our results cast doubt on the previously suggested backbend in the Mg26 yrast sequence.

M. M. Coimbra; N. Carlin Filho; A. Szanto de Toledo; P. M. Stwertka; M- G. Herman; N. G. Nicolis; T. M. Cormier

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Electric-field-dependent average resistance and the resistance fluctuation in one-dimensional disordered systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following an invariant-imbedding approach, we obtain analytical expressions for the ensemble-averaged resistance (?) and its Sinais fluctuations for a one-dimensional disordered conductor in the presence of a finite electric field F. The mean resistance shows a crossover from the exponential to the power-law length dependence with increasing field strength in agreement with known numerical results. More importantly, unlike the zero-field case the resistance distribution saturates to a Poissonian-limiting form proportional to A?F?exp(-A?F??) for large sample lengths, where A is constant.

G. V. Vijayagovindan, A. M. Jayannavar, and N. Kumar

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Table 7.4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; 4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units. Residual Distillate LPG and Economic Electricity Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coal Characteristic(a) (kWh) (gallons) (gallons) (1000 cu ft) (gallons) (short tons) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 0.093 1.55 2.58 6.64 1.80 78.29 20-49 0.075 1.66 2.45 6.44 1.80 80.13 50-99 0.070 1.64 1.79 6.04 2.19 68.10 100-249 0.061 1.62 2.38 5.51 1.69 100.69 250-499 0.056 1.69 2.41 5.54 1.59 92.51 500 and Over 0.054 1.54 2.35 5.08 1.15 96.25 Total

494

Table 7.1 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units. Coal NAICS TOTAL Acetylene Breeze Total Anthracite Code(a) Subsector and Industry (million Btu) (cu ft) (short tons) (short tons) (short tons) Total United States 311 Food 9.12 0.26 0.00 53.43 90.85 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 6.30 0.29 0.00 51.34 50.47 311221 Wet Corn Milling 4.87 0.48 0.00 47.74 50.47 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 5.02 0.31 0.00 53.34 236.66 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 9.78 0.27 0.00 90.59 0.00 3115 Dairy Products 11.21 0.10 0.00 103.12 0.00 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing

495

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

irradiance GIS data at irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude Tilt Irradiance NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are regional averages; not point data.

496

U.S. Natural Gas Average Consumption per Industrial Consumer (Thousand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) Industrial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Average Consumption per Industrial Consumer (Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1980's 39,245 37,530 30,909 29,915 24,309 30,956 29,057 30,423 32,071 30,248 1990's 32,144 33,395 35,908 38,067 40,244 40,973 43,050 36,239 36,785 35,384 2000's 36,968 33,840 36,458 34,793 34,645 31,991 33,597 33,561 29,639 29,705 2010's 35,418 36,947 38,155 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Average Natural Gas Consumption per Industrial

497

An Approximate Analytical Algorithm for Evaluating the Distances in a Dark Energy Dominated Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most recent cosmological observations indicate that the present universe is flat and vacuum dominated. In such a universe, the distance measurements are always difficult and involve numerical computations. In this paper, it is shown that the most fundamental distance measurement of cosmology, the luminosity distance, for such a universe can be obtained in an approximate analytical way with very small errors of less than 0.02% up to %z = 5$ for any value of vacuum energy. The analytical calculation is shown to be exceedingly efficient, as compared to the traditional numerical methods.

T. Wickramasinghe

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

498

The jet kinetic power, distance and inclination of GRS 1915+105  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a recently developed technique of calculating the minimum jet kinetic power to the major mass ejections of the black-hole binary GRS 1915+105 observed in radio wavelengths in 1994 and 1997. We derive for them the distance-dependent minimum power, the mass flow rate, the total energy content and the total mass. We find that a very fast increase of the jet power with the increasing distance combined with a known relation between the jet kinetic power and luminosity imply the source distance is 9 kpc.

Zdziarski, Andrzej A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Conditional averaging on volumetric velocity fields for analysis of the pseudo-periodic organization of jet-in-crossflow vortices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volumetric velocimetry measurements have been performed on a round jet in crossflow (JICF). Two kind of conditional averaging process are presented : a global conditional average (GCA) and a local conditional average (LCA). Vortices crossing the JICF symmetry plane are used to quantify the jet pseudo-periodicity leading to the GCA and LCA definitions. Because they make possible to improve the velocity field resolution as well as to significantly reduce the experimental noise, these conditional averages are an interesting and efficient way to study the instantaneous swirling structures of this instantaneous flow.

Cambonie, Tristan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise Dataset  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Excel file with dataset for Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise